A dark-gray, metallic element of widespread distribution but occurring in small amounts; atomic number, 22; atomic weight, 47.90; symbol, Ti; specific gravity, 4.5; used for fixation of fractures. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Biocompatible materials usually used in dental and bone implants that enhance biologic fixation, thereby increasing the bond strength between the coated material and bone, and minimize possible biological effects that may result from the implant itself.
The growth action of bone tissue as it assimilates surgically implanted devices or prostheses to be used as either replacement parts (e.g., hip) or as anchors (e.g., endosseous dental implants).
Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.
The process of producing a form or impression made of metal or plaster using a mold.
A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.
The gradual destruction of a metal or alloy due to oxidation or action of a chemical agent. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Material from which the casting mold is made in the fabrication of gold or cobalt-chromium castings. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p168)
A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions.
Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.
Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.
Coating with a metal or alloy by electrolysis.
Artificial substitutes for body parts and materials inserted into organisms during experimental studies.
The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.
Nanometer-sized tubes composed of various substances including carbon (CARBON NANOTUBES), boron nitride, or nickel vanadate.
The joining of pieces of metal through the use of an alloy which has a lower melting point, usually at least 100 degrees Celsius below the fusion temperature of the parts being soldered. In dentistry, soldering is used for joining components of a dental appliance, as in assembling a bridge, joining metals to orthodontic bands, or adding to the bulk of certain structures, such as the establishment of proper contact areas on inlays and crowns with adjacent teeth. (Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
The fusion of ceramics (porcelain) to an alloy of two or more metals for use in restorative and prosthodontic dentistry. Examples of metal alloys employed include cobalt-chromium, gold-palladium, gold-platinum-palladium, and nickel-based alloys.
Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.
The spectrometric analysis of fluorescent X-RAYS, i.e. X-rays emitted after bombarding matter with high energy particles such as PROTONS; ELECTRONS; or higher energy X-rays. Identification of ELEMENTS by this technique is based on the specific type of X-rays that are emitted which are characteristic of the specific elements in the material being analyzed. The characteristic X-rays are distinguished and/or quantified by either wavelength dispersive or energy dispersive methods.
Stainless steel. A steel containing Ni, Cr, or both. It does not tarnish on exposure and is used in corrosive environments. (Grant & Hack's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Creation of a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam.
The mineral component of bones and teeth; it has been used therapeutically as a prosthetic aid and in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.
A group of phosphate minerals that includes ten mineral species and has the general formula X5(YO4)3Z, where X is usually calcium or lead, Y is phosphorus or arsenic, and Z is chlorine, fluorine, or OH-. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Zirconium. A rather rare metallic element, atomic number 40, atomic weight 91.22, symbol Zr. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Identification and measurement of ELEMENTS and their location based on the fact that X-RAYS emitted by an element excited by an electron beam have a wavelength characteristic of that element and an intensity related to its concentration. It is performed with an electron microscope fitted with an x-ray spectrometer, in scanning or transmission mode.
The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.
An oxide of aluminum, occurring in nature as various minerals such as bauxite, corundum, etc. It is used as an adsorbent, desiccating agent, and catalyst, and in the manufacture of dental cements and refractories.
The mechanical property of material that determines its resistance to force. HARDNESS TESTS measure this property.
Quartz (SiO2). A glassy or crystalline form of silicon dioxide. Many colored varieties are semiprecious stones. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Destruction by passage of a galvanic electric current, as in disintegration of a chemical compound in solution.
Condition of having pores or open spaces. This often refers to bones, bone implants, or bone cements, but can refer to the porous state of any solid substance.
Bone-forming cells which secrete an EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX. HYDROXYAPATITE crystals are then deposited into the matrix to form bone.
Insertion of an implant into the bone of the mandible or maxilla. The implant has an exposed head which protrudes through the mucosa and is a prosthodontic abutment.
Tantalum. A rare metallic element, atomic number 73, atomic weight 180.948, symbol Ta. It is a noncorrosive and malleable metal that has been used for plates or disks to replace cranial defects, for wire sutures, and for making prosthetic devices. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Implantable fracture fixation devices attached to bone fragments with screws to bridge the fracture gap and shield the fracture site from stress as bone heals. (UMDNS, 1999)
Natural teeth or teeth roots used as anchorage for a fixed or removable denture or other prosthesis (such as an implant) serving the same purpose.
A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.
Nanoparticles produced from metals whose uses include biosensors, optics, and catalysts. In biomedical applications the particles frequently involve the noble metals, especially gold and silver.
The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.
Replacement for a hip joint.
Relating to the size of solids.
Silver. An element with the atomic symbol Ag, atomic number 47, and atomic weight 107.87. It is a soft metal that is used medically in surgical instruments, dental prostheses, and alloys. Long-continued use of silver salts can lead to a form of poisoning known as ARGYRIA.
Chemical reaction that occurs when saliva comes into contact with the metals in dental fillings. This reaction can send electric currents through the brain causing negative symptoms.
Alloys that contain a high percentage of gold. They are used in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.
The utilization of an electrical current to measure, analyze, or alter chemicals or chemical reactions in solution, cells, or tissues.
The quality or state of being wettable or the degree to which something can be wet. This is also the ability of any solid surface to be wetted when in contact with a liquid whose surface tension is reduced so that the liquid spreads over the surface of the solid.
Magnesium oxide (MgO). An inorganic compound that occurs in nature as the mineral periclase. In aqueous media combines quickly with water to form magnesium hydroxide. It is used as an antacid and mild laxative and has many nonmedicinal uses.
Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.
An alloy of 60% cobalt, 20% chromium, 5% molybdenum, and traces of other substances. It is used in dentures, certain surgical appliances, prostheses, implants, and instruments.
Malfunction of implantation shunts, valves, etc., and prosthesis loosening, migration, and breaking.
Inorganic compounds that contain silicon as an integral part of the molecule.
Synthetic or natural materials for the replacement of bones or bone tissue. They include hard tissue replacement polymers, natural coral, hydroxyapatite, beta-tricalcium phosphate, and various other biomaterials. The bone substitutes as inert materials can be incorporated into surrounding tissue or gradually replaced by original tissue.
Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.
Niobium. A metal element atomic number 41, atomic weight 92.906, symbol Nb. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Preparation of TOOTH surfaces, and of materials bonded to teeth or DENTAL IMPLANTS, with agents and methods which roughen the surface to facilitate adhesion. Agents include phosphoric or other acids (ACID ETCHING, DENTAL) and methods include LASERS.
Inorganic compounds that contain carbon as an integral part of the molecule but are not derived from hydrocarbons.
Argon. A noble gas with the atomic symbol Ar, atomic number 18, and atomic weight 39.948. It is used in fluorescent tubes and wherever an inert atmosphere is desired and nitrogen cannot be used.
The use of computers for designing and/or manufacturing of anything, including drugs, surgical procedures, orthotics, and prosthetics.
The process of bone formation. Histogenesis of bone including ossification.

An animal exposure system using ultrasonic nebulizer that generates well controlled aerosols from liquids. (1/1876)

Various aerosol generators have been developed for animal inhalation experiments and the performance tests of measuring instruments and respirators. It has been, however, difficult to generate aerosols from an aqueous solution or suspension keeping the concentration and particle size distribution constant for a long time. Resolving such difficulties, the present study developed an animal exposure system that generates well-controlled and stable aerosols from liquids. The exposure system consists of an aerosol generator using ultrasonic nebulizer, a mixing chamber and an exposure chamber. The validity of this system was confirmed in the generation of NiCl2 and TiO2 aerosol from solution and suspension, respectively. The concentration levels of NiCl2 aerosol were kept at 3.2 mg/m3 and 0.89 mg/m3 for 5 hours with good coefficients of variation (CVs) of 2.5% and 1.7%, respectively. For TiO2 aerosol, the concentration levels of 1.59 mg/m3 and 0.90 mg/m3 were kept for 5 hours with small CVs of 1.3% and 2.0%, respectively. This exposure system could be sufficiently used for inhalation experiments with even high toxic aerosols such as NiCl2 because a momentary high concentration possibly affects results and an extremely stable concentration is required.  (+info)

Induction of macrophage C-C chemokine expression by titanium alloy and bone cement particles. (2/1876)

Particulate wear debris is associated with periprosthetic inflammation and loosening in total joint arthroplasty. We tested the effects of titanium alloy (Ti-alloy) and PMMA particles on monocyte/macrophage expression of the C-C chemokines, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), monocyte inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1alpha), and regulated upon activation normal T expressed and secreted protein (RANTES). Periprosthetic granulomatous tissue was analysed for expression of macrophage chemokines by immunohistochemistry. Chemokine expression in human monocytes/macrophages exposed to Ti-alloy and PMMA particles in vitro was determined by RT-PCR, ELISA and monocyte migration. We observed MCP-1 and MIP-1alpha expression in all tissue samples from failed arthroplasties. Ti-alloy and PMMA particles increased expression of MCP-1 and MIP-1alpha in macrophages in vitro in a dose- and time-dependent manner whereas RANTES was not detected. mRNA signal levels for MCP-1 and MIP-1alpha were also observed in cells after exposure to particles. Monocyte migration was stimulated by culture medium collected from macrophages exposed to Ti-alloy and PMMA particles. Antibodies to MCP-1 and MIP-1alpha inhibited chemotactic activity of the culture medium samples. Release of C-C chemokines by macrophages in response to wear particles may contribute to chronic inflammation at the bone-implant interface in total joint arthroplasty.  (+info)

Coating titanium implants with bioglass and with hydroxyapatite. A comparative study in sheep. (3/1876)

This study compares the osteointegration of titanium implants coated with bioglass (Biovetro GSB formula) and with hydroxyapatite (HAP). Twenty-four bioglass-coated and 24 HAP-coated cylinders were implanted in the femoral diaphyses of sheep, and examined after 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, and 16 weeks. The HAP coating gave a stronger and earlier fixation to the bone than did bioglass. Bioglass formed a tissue interface which showed a macrophage reaction with little new bone formation activity. In contrast, HPA, showed intense new bone formation, with highly mineralised osseous trabeculae in the neighbourhood of the interface.  (+info)

Role of the scavenger receptor MARCO in alveolar macrophage binding of unopsonized environmental particles. (4/1876)

Alveolar macrophages (AMs) avidly bind and ingest unopsonized environmental particles and bacteria through scavenger-type receptors (SRs). AMs from mice with a genetic deletion of the major macrophage SR (types AI and AII; SR-/-) showed no decrease in particle binding compared with SR+/+ mice, suggesting that other SRs are involved. To identify these receptors, we generated a monoclonal antibody (mAb), PAL-1, that inhibits hamster AM binding of unopsonized particles (TiO2, Fe2O3, and latex beads; 66 +/- 5, 77 +/- 2, and 85 +/- 2% inhibition, respectively, measured by flow cytometry). This antibody identifies a protein of approximately 70 kD on the AM surface (immunoprecipitation) that is expressed by AMs and other macrophages in situ. A cDNA clone encoding the mAb PAL-1-reactive protein isolated by means of COS cell expression was found to be 84 and 77% homologous to mouse and human scavenger receptor MARCO mRNA, respectively. Transfection of COS cells with MARCO cDNA conferred mAb-inhibitable TiO2 binding. Hamster MARCO also mediates AM binding of unopsonized bacteria (67 +/- 5 and 47 +/- 4% inhibition of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus binding by mAb PAL-1). A polyclonal antibody to human MARCO identified the expected approximately 70-kD band on Western blots of lysates of normal bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells (>90% AMs) and showed strong immunolabeling of human AMs in BAL cytocentrifuge preparations and within lung tissue specimens. In normal mouse AMs, the anti-MARCO mAb ED31 also showed immunoreactivity and inhibited binding of unopsonized particles (e.g., TiO2 approximately 40%) and bacteria. The novel function of binding unopsonized environmental dusts and pathogens suggests an important role for MARCO in the lungs' response to inhaled particles.  (+info)

Titanium aneurysm clips: mechanical characteristics and clinical trial. (5/1876)

Titanium clip is well documented to reduce the artifact observed in computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and improve the quality of these images. There are, however, some demerits based on metallic characteristics including large spring portions, lack of long and fenestration clips, and difficulties to produce. We examined the mechanical characteristics of Sugita titanium aneurysm clips (product of 6 aluminium-4 vanadium-titanium) and investigate the safety in clinical use and the imaging quality compared with those of cobalt (Co) alloy clips. On mechanical test, Sugita titanium clips showed no significant difference in closing force compared with the conventional Co alloy clips. The closing force reduced about 10% after 100 times repeated opening in titanium clips in contrast with no remarkable changes in Co alloy clips. Sixty-four patients with ruptured or unruptured cerebral aneurysms (total number of 71 aneurysms) were treated with Sugita titanium clips through the microsurgical technique. None of the unfavorable outcome occurred in related to the titanium clips. Neither clip dislocation nor deformation was experienced in this series during the follow-up period. The clip artifacts seen in CT and MR image were markedly reduced, however, MR angiography had less quality to resolve anatomical structures due to an existence of vessel gap. These results indicate that in spite of some disadvantages, Sugita titanium clips allow safe and beneficial use routinely in aneurysm surgery insofar as the complete clipping is obtained.  (+info)

Intra-oral temperature variation over 24 hours. (6/1876)

This study aimed to investigate temperature variation at archwire sites adjacent to the maxillary right central incisor and first premolar, its correlation with ambient temperature, and the influence of inter-racial variation. Twenty young adult male subjects were randomly selected (13 Asian, seven Caucasian). Thermocouples were attached to the labial archwire component of custom-made orthodontic retainers at the two intra-oral sites. A third thermocouple measured ambient temperature. A data-logger recorded temperatures at 5-second intervals over a 24-hour period. Temperatures ranged from 5.6 to 58.5 degrees C at the incisor and from 7.9 to 54 degrees C at the premolar, with medians of 34.9 degrees C and 35.6 degrees C, respectively. Ambient temperature correlated poorly with the intra-oral temperatures. The Asian and Caucasian groups had significantly different temperature distributions. On average during the 24-hour period, temperatures at the incisor site were in the range of 33-37 degrees C for 79 per cent of the time, below it for 20 per cent, and above it for only 1 per cent of the time. Corresponding figures for the premolar site were 92, 6, and 2 per cent. At both archwire sites the most frequent temperatures were in the range of 35-36 degrees C. The data presented demonstrate that the temperature at sites on an archwire in situ varies considerably over a 24-hour period and that racial differences may exist. This information should be considered during the manufacture and use of temperature-sensitive orthodontic materials, in particular nickel-titanium archwires and springs.  (+info)

The effect of hydroxyapatite coating on the bonding of bone to titanium implants in the femora of ovariectomised rats. (7/1876)

We have studied the effect of hydroxyapatite (HA) coating in 15 ovariectomised and 15 normal rats which had had a sham procedure. Twenty-four weeks after operation, HA-coated implants were inserted into the intramedullary canal of the right femur and uncoated implants into the left femur. The prostheses were removed four weeks after implantation. Twelve specimens in each group had mechanical push-out tests. Sagittal sections of the other three were evaluated by SEM. The bone mineral density (BMD) of the dissected left tibia was measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. The difference in BMD between the control and ovariectomised tibiae was 35.01 mg/cm2 (95% CI, 26.60 to 43.42). The push-out strength of the HA-coated implants was higher than that of the uncoated implants in both groups (p < 0.0001), but the HA-coated implants of the ovariectomised group had a reduction in push-out strength of 40.3% compared with the control group (p < 0.0001). Our findings suggest that HA-coated implants may improve the fixation of a cementless total hip prosthesis but that the presence of osteoporosis may limit the magnitude of this benefit.  (+info)

Bactericidal activity of photocatalytic TiO(2) reaction: toward an understanding of its killing mechanism. (8/1876)

When titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) is irradiated with near-UV light, this semiconductor exhibits strong bactericidal activity. In this paper, we present the first evidence that the lipid peroxidation reaction is the underlying mechanism of death of Escherichia coli K-12 cells that are irradiated in the presence of the TiO(2) photocatalyst. Using production of malondialdehyde (MDA) as an index to assess cell membrane damage by lipid peroxidation, we observed that there was an exponential increase in the production of MDA, whose concentration reached 1.1 to 2.4 nmol. mg (dry weight) of cells(-1) after 30 min of illumination, and that the kinetics of this process paralleled cell death. Under these conditions, concomitant losses of 77 to 93% of the cell respiratory activity were also detected, as measured by both oxygen uptake and reduction of 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride from succinate as the electron donor. The occurrence of lipid peroxidation and the simultaneous losses of both membrane-dependent respiratory activity and cell viability depended strictly on the presence of both light and TiO(2). We concluded that TiO(2) photocatalysis promoted peroxidation of the polyunsaturated phospholipid component of the lipid membrane initially and induced major disorder in the E. coli cell membrane. Subsequently, essential functions that rely on intact cell membrane architecture, such as respiratory activity, were lost, and cell death was inevitable.  (+info)

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Prep your Blitz or Firestorm for the roughest conditions with a full set of Titanium Nitride Suspension and Shock Shafts! Titanium nitride coatings help prevent corrosion and substantially improve the smoothness of the shafts, helping you reduce your maintenance times as well as the lifetime of the shafts!. A complete set of suspension and shock shafts are available for the Firestorm, steering posts are also available! #86842 TITANIUM NITRIDE COATED SHOCK SHAFT 3x50mm #86843 TITANIUM NITRIDE COATED SHOCK SHAFT 3x58mm #86844 TITANIUM NITRIDE STEERING POST 3x23mm #86845 TITANIUM NITRIDE SUSPENSION SHAFT 3x32mm #86846 TITANIUM NITRIDE SUSPENSION SHAFT 3x27mm #86847 TITANIUM NITRIDE SUSPENSION SHAFT 3x54mm #86848 TITANIUM NITRIDE SUSPENSION SHAFT 3x33mm. ...
Prep your Blitz or Firestorm for the roughest conditions with a full set of Titanium Nitride Suspension and Shock Shafts! Titanium nitride coatings help prevent corrosion and substantially improve the smoothness of the shafts, helping you reduce your maintenance times as well as the lifetime of the shafts!. A complete set of suspension and shock shafts are available for the Firestorm, steering posts are also available! #86842 TITANIUM NITRIDE COATED SHOCK SHAFT 3x50mm #86843 TITANIUM NITRIDE COATED SHOCK SHAFT 3x58mm #86844 TITANIUM NITRIDE STEERING POST 3x23mm #86845 TITANIUM NITRIDE SUSPENSION SHAFT 3x32mm #86846 TITANIUM NITRIDE SUSPENSION SHAFT 3x27mm #86847 TITANIUM NITRIDE SUSPENSION SHAFT 3x54mm #86848 TITANIUM NITRIDE SUSPENSION SHAFT 3x33mm. ...
0025] Acicular titanium dioxide particles are used as the component (b) in a composition hereof, and these typically take a rutile crystalline form. Acicular titanium dioxide particles suitable for use herein have an average particle diameter in a range (including the endpoints of the range) formed by taking any two of the values in the following list as the endpoints of the diameter range, viz: 10 nm, 30 nm, 50 nm, 70 nm, 90 nm, 110 nm, 130 nm, 150 nm, 200 nm, 250 nm, 300 nm, 400 nm and 500 nm. Acicular titanium dioxide particles suitable for use herein have an average particle length in a range (including the endpoints of the range) formed by taking any two of the values in the following list as the endpoints of the length range, viz: 1 μm, 5 μm, 10 μm, 20 μm, 30 μm, 40 μm, 50 μm, 60 μm, 70 μm, 80 μm, 90 μm and 100 μm. Acicular titanium dioxide particles suitable for use herein have an aspect ratio (i.e. length over diameter) in a range (including the endpoints of the range) ...
Embodiments described herein provide a method for forming two titanium nitride materials by different PVD processes, such that a metallic titanium nitride layer is initially formed by a PVD process in a metallic mode and a titanium nitride retarding layer is formed over a portion of the metallic titanium nitride layer by a PVD process in a poison mode. Subsequently, a first aluminum layer, such as an aluminum seed layer, may be selectively deposited on exposed portions of the metallic titanium nitride layer by a CVD process. Thereafter, a second aluminum layer, such as an aluminum bulk layer, may be deposited on exposed portions of the first aluminum layer and the titanium nitride retarding layer during an aluminum PVD process.
Press Release issued Dec 7, 2017: Titanium dioxide is a naturally occurring mineral, whose chemical formula is TiO2. Titanium dioxide is processed and refined in a very fine powder after it is mined from earth. It is produced either by sulphate or by chloride process. Rutile, ilmenite, brookite and antanese are its natural forms, which are available as bulk crystals. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has declared titanium dioxide as GRAS i.e. Generally Regarded As Safe for consumption. FDA also allows use of food grade titanium dioxide usage up to 1 %, without declaring it on products labels. In many consumer products such as personal care and food; titanium dioxide is used as a common additive. Titanium dioxide also provides smooth texture to products such as chocolates and doughnuts, whilst provides abrasive texture in products such as toothpastes and lotions. It is also used to brighten the color of the products whether it be food or personal care. The titanium dioxide nanoparticles are
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Soils are facing new environmental stressors, such as titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2-NPs). While these emerging pollutants are increasingly released into most ecosystems, including agricultural fields, their potential impacts on soil and its function remain to be investigated. Here we report the response of the microbial community of an agricultural soil exposed over 90 days to TiO2-NPs (1 and 500 mg kg-1 dry soil). To assess their impact on soil function, we focused on the nitrogen cycle and measured nitrification and denitrification enzymatic activities and by quantifying specific representative genes (amoA for ammonia-oxidizers, nirK and nirS for denitrifiers). Additionally, diversity shifts were examined in bacteria, archaea, and the ammonia-oxidizing clades of each domain. With strong negative impacts on nitrification enzyme activities and the abundances of ammonia-oxidizing microorganism, TiO2-NPs triggered cascading negative effects on denitrification enzyme activity and a deep ...
Background: This study investigated the potential effects of Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (Tio2NPs) followed by maternal gavage on fetal development
0020]Furthermore, the resistance to discoloration of colored titanium is greatly improved by making the average sulfur content in the range of 30 nm from the surface of the titanium oxide layer formed on the titanium surface 0.2 to 5 atomic %, so is preferable. Sulfur, contrary to the case of phosphorus, is believed to raise the chemical stability of the titanium oxide layer by being contained in a suitable quantity in the titanium oxide layer and to be remarkably effective in suppressing the dissolution of the titanium oxide layer in high temperature rainwater or in low pH rainwater. To obtain this effect, 0.2 atomic % or more of sulfur is preferably contained in the range of 30 nm from the surface of the titanium oxide layer. However, if contained in excess of 5 atomic %, conversely the dissolution of the titanium oxide layer in the above environment is easily promoted, so the preferred upper limit of the sulfur content is made 5 atomic %. Here, the sulfur content in a range of 30 nm is ...
The main objective of this paper was to study the morphology, composition and chemical state of coatings based on titanium nitride obtained using the condensation method with ion bombardment. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to analyse the structure and composition of the coatings produced at different formation times.. It was determined that coatings formed at different times still have a sufficiently close chemical composition and contain titanium nitride (TiN), titanium oxynitride (TiNxO1-x), titanium oxide (TiOx) and titanium carbide (TiC). The paper demonstrates that the increase in the formation time of coatings leads to a decrease in the proportion of carbon in the amorphous state and an increase in the fraction of carbon which is a part of titanium carbides. In the composition of coatings formed in 15 and 50 minutes, the fraction of carbon chemically bonded to titanium differs by a factor ...
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An aqueous titanium oxide-dispersed sol comprising titanium oxide particles dispersed in water, said sol comprising chloride ions in an amount of 50 to 10,000 ppm by weight as the chlorine element. Titanium tetrachloride is hydrolyzed to form an aqueous titanium oxide-dispersed sol and the chloride ion concentration thereof is controlled. Another aqueous titanium oxide-dispersed sol comprising brookite-type titanium oxide particles dispersed in water, said titanium oxide particles having an average particle size of not more than 0.5 .mu.m and a specific surface area of not less than 20 m.sup.2/g. Addition of titanium tetrachloride to hot water at 75 to 100.degree. C. followed by hydrolysis at 75.degree. C. to the boiling point of the mixture.
The article compares the performance of titanium dioxide as a UV filter in cosmetic formulations as a function of its primary particle size. It was found that with increasing primary particle size, even below 100 nm, the effectiveness of the inorganic (mineral) UV filter was clearly reduced.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Comparison of Oxidative Stresses Mediated by Different Crystalline Forms and Surface Modification of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles. AU - El-Said, Karim Samy. AU - Mostafa Ali, Ehab. AU - Kanehira, Koki. AU - Taniguchi, Akiyoshi. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2015 Karim Samy El-Said et al.. PY - 2015. Y1 - 2015. N2 - Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) are manufactured worldwide for use in a wide range of applications. There are two common crystalline forms of TiO2 anatase and rutile with different physical and chemical characteristics. We previously demonstrated that an increased DNA damage response is mediated by anatase crystalline form compared to rutile. In the present study, we conjugated TiO2 NPs with polyethylene glycol (PEG) in order to reduce the genotoxicity and we evaluated some oxidative stress parameters to obtain information on the cellular mechanisms of DNA damage that operate in response to TiO2 NPs different crystalline forms exposure in hepatocarcinoma ...
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Titanium is a very strong metal that is used in special applications. It is chemical element number 22 on the periodic table. Its symbol is Ti. It has 22 electrons and 22 protons. The most common isotope has 26 neutrons. Titanium was discovered in 1791 by William Gregor. Titanium can combine with other chemicals to make different materials. When titanium mixes with oxygen from the air, it forms titanium dioxide (TiO2), or titania. Titanium dioxide is a white pigment that is often used to make things less transparent, brighter, or rougher - because it does not react with chemicals inside the human body, it is safe to use in foods and other applications, like toothpaste. Pieces of titanium metal are protected by a shell of titanium dioxide, which forms when the metal is in the air and helps prevent chemicals from damaging the metal center. Titanium alloys are used in aerospace engineering to make very strong and light parts of airplanes. These alloys can replace steel because they are almost as ...
Introduction Titanium dioxide is a white pigment which is used in paints, plastics, paper, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, sunscreen, and toothpaste or as catalyst.[1,2,3] In addition, it has been approved as a food additive (ingredient number E171) since 1969.[4] The main food categories containing titanium dioxide are candy, bakery wares (esp. icing and decorations), chewing gum, ice cream, and cheese.[2] Most food-grade titanium dioxide contains its anatase modification.[3] It is highly stable towards various conditions (e.g. heat, light, pH) and thus unaffected by almost every type of food processing. The French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety found in 2019 that there was not enough evidence to prove titanium dioxide was safe for human consumption. In consequence, the French government will ban titanium dioxide in food starting January 2020.[2,6] These concerns have arisen following recent studies which considered nanoparticles of TiO2 to be harmful after oral ...
MicroTouch Titanium Trim is the all new at-home haircutting tool and precision groomer. MicroTouch Titanium Trim gives you that perfect edge with one touch. Clear your neck, back and body with zero burn or irritation. Titanium Trim extends a full 40mm delivering the perfect power position for hard to reach areas. Micro polished stainless steel blades, bonded with titanium rev at 200 rpm for a more powerful cut. MicroTouch Titanium Trim has five precision engineered attachments for the perfect length and style. Plus, a 90-degree offset blade angle for proper hand positioning like a comb, for a natural feel. This precision groomer is complete with soft feel, non-slip grip and built-in LED spotlight. MicroTouch Titanium Trim is everything you need for total self-styling at home! Micro Touch. MicroTouch. Touch Micro. TouchMicro. MicroTouch Titanium Trim. Micro Touch Titanium Trim. TouchMicro Titanium Trim. Titanium Trim MicroTouch. TitaniumTrim. TrimTitanium. Titanium Trim. Trim Titanium. ...
Jan 20, 2016 · Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles May Harm Your Brain. The use of nanoparticles is increasing rapidly, and titanium dioxide nanoparticles are the second most produced engineered nanomaterial in the world. 6 Its usage in consumer products has outpaced the research into its safety, such that humans are being repeatedly exposed before we know the consequences.. ...
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Titanium dioxide is the most widely used white pigment because of its brightness and very high refractive index, in which it is surpassed only by a few other materials. Approximately 4.6 million tons of pigmentary TiO2 are used annually worldwide, and this number is expected to increase as utilization continues to rise.[28] When deposited as a thin film, its refractive index and colour make it an excellent reflective optical coating for dielectric mirrors and some gemstones like mystic fire topaz. TiO2 is also an effective opacifier in powder form, where it is employed as a pigment to provide whiteness and opacity to products such as paints, coatings, plastics, papers, inks, foods, medicines (i.e. pills and tablets) as well as most toothpastes. In paint, it is often referred to offhandedly as the perfect white, the whitest white, or other similar terms. Opacity is improved by optimal sizing of the titanium dioxide particles. Some grades of titanium based pigments as used in sparkly paints, ...
Ukrainian Chemical Products (previously Crimea Titan) is the largest titanium dioxide producer in Eastern Europe and supplies about 2% of global consumption. Around 80% of Ukrainian Chemical Products production is exported to more than 60 countries, with its share of Russias titanium dioxide consumption amounting to about 30%.. In 2012, a new sulfuric acid shop was launched, making it possible to increase annual titanium dioxide production capacity at Ukrainian Chemical Products to 120,000 tonnes. Further Ukrainian Chemical Products expansion plans include the construction of a new high-tech titanium dioxide workshop with annual capacity 240,000 tonnes of titanium dioxide.. ...
Titanium Dioxide market research report covering industry trends, market share, market growth analysis and projection by MIcroMarketMonitor.com. Titanium Dioxide market report includes,|Key question answered| What are market estimates and forecasts; which of Titanium Dioxide markets are doing well and which are not? and |Audience for this report| Titanium Dioxide companies.
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Headline: Bitcoin & Blockchain Searches Exceed Trump! Blockchain Stocks Are Next!. The new research report on Titanium Dioxide Market offered by DecisionDatabases.com provides Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2014-2021.. Titanium dioxide is an oxide of titanium which occurs naturally. Titanium dioxide TiO2 is an odorless compound with major industrial and end user applications. Titanium dioxide is used in cosmetics, plastics, paints, in enhancing glass and its properties and other end user application TiO2 can be in a white powdered form or in other from which includes oxides or minerals of this compound. TiO2 has several benefits like those that are used as an enhancer of ceramics, basic material in pigments and it shows skin enhancing and healing properties. These are major aspects of this compound which provides high market penetration for TiO2.. Download Free Sample Copy Of this Report :http://www.decisiondatabases.com/contact/download-sample-1105. TiO2 ...
Nanosized titanium dioxide, particularly in the anatase form, exhibits photocatalytic activity under ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. This photoactivity is reportedly most pronounced at the {001} planes of anatase,[44][45] although the {101} planes are thermodynamically more stable and thus more prominent in most synthesised and natural anatase,[46] as evident by the often observed tetragonal dipyramidal growth habit. Interfaces between rutile and anatase are further considered to improve photocatalytic activity by facilitating charge carrier separation and as a result, biphasic titanium dioxide is often considered to possess enhanced functionality as a photocatalyst.[47] It has been reported that titanium dioxide, when doped with nitrogen ions or doped with metal oxide like tungsten trioxide, exhibits excitation also under visible light.[48] The strong oxidative potential of the positive holes oxidizes water to create hydroxyl radicals. It can also oxidize oxygen or organic materials directly. ...
Investigation Nos: 701-TA-587 and 731-TA-1385-1386 (Preliminary). Product Description: Titanium sponge is a porous, brittle, unwrought form of titanium metal that has not been melted. The subject products include premium-quality (rotor-grade) titanium sponge that is used in rotating aircraft engine parts and standard-quality (industrial-grade) titanium sponge that is used in aerospace products other than rotating engine parts, in addition to other industrial end uses. Titanium sponge in this instance specifically excludes loose particles of unwrought titanium having a particle size less than 20 mesh (0.84 mm), alloyed or unalloyed briquettes of unwrought titanium metal that contain more than 0.2 percent oxygen on a dry weight basis, and ultra-high purity titanium sponge. The subject products are typically melted down to make titanium ingots before being further processed into various mill products, depending on the intended end use of the final product.. Status of Proceedings:. 1. Type of ...
Desalination has become the Middle East and other water-scarce areas of the main ways to obtain fresh water. Desalination production methods, the most widely used is a multi-stage flash method, the method is mainly composed of water heating equipment, heat recovery condenser Ministry, the Ministry of the condenser heat output, ventilation and jet condenser and other parts compressor, heat exchange positions with a large number of heat transfer tube, the original copper alloy tube, copper alloy impatience as corrosion, has now been replaced by titanium tubes. One plate heat exchanger, heat exchanger plate used in the materials industry, mainly in stainless steel, titanium and titanium alloys, nickel and nickel alloy cold-rolled sheet. 127 for pure titanium plate heat exchanger, industrial pure titanium and titanium alloys 276, 345 for the tube heat exchanger. And compared with tube heat exchanger manufactured by TA1 titanium plate heat exchanger has many advantages in the market has a strong ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of hydrogen peroxide on titanium surfaces. T2 - In situ imaging and step-polarization impedance spectroscopy of commercially pure titanium and titanium, 6-aluminum, 4-vanadium. AU - Bearinger, Jane P.. AU - Orme, Christine A.. AU - Gilbert, Jeremy L.. PY - 2003/12/1. Y1 - 2003/12/1. N2 - To analyze titaniums response to representative surgical wound environments, a study was conducted on commercially pure titanium (CPTi) and titanium, 6-aluminum, 4-vanadium (Ti-6Al-4V) exposed to phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) with 30 mM of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) added. The study was characterized by simultaneous electrochemical atomic force microscopy (EC AFM) and step-polarization impedance spectroscopy (SPIS). Surfaces were covered with protective oxide domes that indicated topography changes with potential and time of immersion. Less oxide dome coarsening was noted on surfaces treated with PBS containing H2O2 than on surfaces exposed to pure PBS. Electrical data deduced from ...
United Nuclear Titanium Metal Sheet - Titanium Metal Sheet chemical element: Ti ( sheet ) Titanium metal sheet - sold by the foot. Titanium is a lightweight, metallic element; atomic
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The titanium ring is the most sought after ring, with prices ranging from $4,000 to $15,000.. The titanium sporks are also extremely rare, but there are many, many variations.. There are many other variations.. And the titanium spinnerets are also incredibly rare, and very pricey.. So there is a lot of variation in what you can get, and what you pay.. We were looking for a titanium ring, so we went to a titanium spinner.. The spinneret was an old-school spinner that would spin a titanium bar, which is a very good spinner for the price, but not a great one, and the price is still really high.. Its also really heavy, so youre looking at about three or four ounces of titanium on a bar.. The price is really high, but its a really good spinnet for a low price.. Weve seen them at eBay for about $3,000, and its an extremely rare one.. They are not as good as the ones that come with the rings.. So that was really good to find out about.. We had to get the ring to be a little bit heavier, to make ...
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Increasing evidence shows that lungs can be damaged by inhalation of nanoparticles (NPs) at environmental and occupational settings. Recent findings have associated the exposure to iron oxide (Fe2O3) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) - NPs widely used in biomedical and clinical research - with pulmonary oxidative stress and inflammation. Although changes on cellular mechanics could contribute to pulmonary inflammation, there is no information regarding the effects of Fe2O3 and TiO2 on alveolar epithelial cell biomechanics. The aim was to investigate the NPs-induced biomechanical effects in terms of cell stiffness and traction forces exerted by human alveolar epithelial cells. Cell Youngs modulus (E) measured by atomic force microscopy in alveolar epithelial cells significantly decreased after exposure to Fe2O3 and TiO2 (∼28 and ∼25%, respectively) compared to control conditions. Moreover, both NPs induced a similar reduction in the traction forces exerted by the alveolar epithelial cells in comparison to
We have synthesized titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (NPs) and studied the cytogenotoxic effect of the synthesized NPs on plants. The synthesized NPs
The goal of our research was to prove that dental follicle stem cells are a valuable cell source in improving bone regeneration on titanium implants surfaces. The dental follicle harvesting procedure is easy to undertake since it can be performed in relation to several surgical operations, impacted tooth extraction or even less invasive tooth disclosure. The search for alternative sources of mesenchymal stem cells (such as the dental follicle) is of considerable importance because bone marrow aspiration is an invasive procedure [1] and there are significant age-related decreases in the frequency and differentiation potential of bone-marrow-derived MSCs [12]. Compared to other stem cell sources from the oral cavity, as tooth pulp, the dental follicle is a considerably larger tissue [2], is easily accessible and dental follicle stem cells have a higher proliferation capacity than stem cells from the tooth pulp [13].. One innovative aspect of this study is that the follicular sac can be harvested ...
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Titanium and its Application to the Blackbird SR-71 OVERALL SUMMURY OF TITANIUM:. William Gregor discovered titanium in 1791, it was first isolated and named after the powerful mythological first sons of the Earth - The Titans, titanium used mostly in jet engines and aircraft, but most recently it has been used widely in the prosthetic industry and the artificial heart. Titanium is the worlds fourth most abundant structural metal. It is found in North and South America, Europe, Africa and Australia in its ore. The most widely used extraction method of titanium from its ore is the Kroll process, which uses magnesium as the reducing agent to extract the titanium from its ore.. Titanium is number 22 on the periodic table. It is has a very high melting and boiling point, which enables it to be used in many situations where other metals would simply melt. It also has a very low density, this is what favours titanium to many other metals as it is light and very strong. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Antimicrobial loading of nanotubular titanium surfaces favoring surface coverage by mammalian cells over bacterial colonization. AU - Ren, Xiaoxiang. AU - van der Mei, Henny C.. AU - Ren, Yijin. AU - Busscher, Henk J.. AU - Peterson, Brandon W.. PY - 2021/4. Y1 - 2021/4. N2 - Titanium is frequently used for dental implants, percutaneous pins and screws or orthopedic joint prostheses. Implant surfaces can become peri-operatively contaminated by surgically introduced bacteria during implantation causing lack of surface coverage by mammalian cells and subsequent implant failure. Especially implants that have to function in a bacteria-laden environment such as dental implants or percutaneous pins, cannot be surgically implanted while being kept sterile. Accordingly, contaminating bacteria adhering to implant surfaces hamper successful surface coverage by mammalian cells required for long-term functioning. Here, nanotubular titanium surfaces were prepared and loaded with Ag ...
A method of treating a shape memory alloy to improve its various characteristics and to cause it to exhibit a two-way shape memory effect. A raw shape memory alloy having a substantially uniformly fine-grained crystal structure is prepared and then its crystal orientations are arranged substantially in a direction suitable for an expected operational direction, such as tensile or twisting direction or the like, in which the shape memory alloy is expected to move when used in an actuator after the completion of the treatment.
Cervical tuberculous spondylodiscitis is a serious, hazardous disorder and to our knowledge, hardly any reports focused on the use of titanium mesh cages in its treatment. The aim of this work is to evaluate the efficacy of using a titanium mesh cage compared to iliac crest grafting regarding correction of the deformity, fusion rate and to report the incidence of complications. A prospective, non-randomized multicentre study of 30 patients with cervical tuberculous spondylodiscitis presenting with a neglected kyphotic deformity. The average age was 44.5 years; 18 had neurological deficits. All patients had a single stage radical debridement, decompression, and instrumentation. The anterior column was reconstructed with a titanium mesh cage in 16 patients (Group 1) and an autogenous iliac bone strut graft in 14 (Group 2). Both groups were followed for a minimum of 2 years. Group 1 showed a better sagittal profile and local kyphosis was corrected from an average of 36 degrees (10 degrees -62 ...
TY - CONF. T1 - Computer simulation of microstructural evolution in Ni-rich TiNi shape memory alloys under applied stresses. AU - Li, D. Y.. AU - Chen, Long-qing. PY - 1998/1/1. Y1 - 1998/1/1. N2 - Coherent Ti11Ni14 precipitation in TiNi shape memory alloys and its variation under applied stresses were investigated using a diffuse-interface phase-field model. In this model, the structural difference between the precipitate phase and the matrix as well as the orientational difference between precipitate variants are distinguished by structural field variables, whereas the compositional difference between the precipitate phase and the matrix is distinguished by a concentration field variable. The temporal variation of the field variables is determined by solving the Ginzburg-Landau equations and the Cahn-Hilliard equation. Precipitate morphologies and their variation under strain-constraints were studied.. AB - Coherent Ti11Ni14 precipitation in TiNi shape memory alloys and its variation under ...
Read Synthesis of titanium nitride by anodic polarization of titanium in electrolytes based on ethylene glycol, Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Graphical abstract: The corncob-like Ag-Cu{sub 2}O nanostructure with suitably exposed Ag surface exhibited much higher photocatalytic activity than [email protected]{sub 2}O nanocables and Cu{sub 2}O nanowires. - Highlights: • Ag-Cu{sub 2}O nanocorncobs have been controllably prepared by a simple synthesis. • The possible formation mechanism of Ag-Cu{sub 2}O has been studied. • Ag-Cu{sub 2}O exhibits noticeable improved photocurrent compared with the pure Cu{sub 2}O NWs. • Ag-Cu{sub 2}O with suitably exposed Ag surface shows much higher photocatalytic activity. - Abstract: Novel corncob-like nano-heterostructured Ag-Cu{sub 2}O photocatalyst has been controllably prepared by adjusting the synthetic parameters, and the possible formation mechanism has been also studied. The photoelectrochemical and photocatalytic performances demonstrated that the as-prepared Ag-Cu{sub 2}O nanocorncobs exhibited higher photocatalytic activity than both pure Cu{sub 2}O nanowires and cable-like [email protected]{sub 2}O ...
TY - GEN. T1 - Influence of titanium surface topography on peri-implant soft tissue integration. AU - Furuhashi, Akihiro. AU - Ayukawa, Yasunori. AU - Atsuta, Ikiru. AU - Rakhmatia, Yunia Dwi. AU - Yasunami, Noriyuki. AU - Koyano, Kiyoshi. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2013. Y1 - 2013. N2 - At the neck area of dental implant surface, machined surface (Ms) has been employed to avoid surface contamination. Recently, implants which have roughened surface texture (Rs) at their neck are also available. However, from the viewpoint of soft tissue integration, it remains to be elucidated whether or not surface topography affects the soft tissue attachment around implants. The aim of the present study was to clarify the influence of surface topography on peri-implant soft tissue integration. First, surface roughness of both surfaces was measured. Second, protein adsorption capability on both surfaces was examined. Then, as the rat implant model, titanium ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Tailoring the photocatalytic activity of nanoparticulate zinc oxide by transition metal oxide doping. AU - Dodd, Aaron. AU - Mckinley, Allan. AU - Tsuzuki, T.. AU - Saunders, Martin. PY - 2009. Y1 - 2009. N2 - The successful use of nanoparticulate ZnO in applications such as UV-screening agents or photocatalyst forthe destruction of chemicalwaste requires the development of techniques for controlling its photocatalyticactivity. In this study, we have investigated transition metal doping as a means of achieving this goal.Powders of ZnO, MnxZn1−xO, and CoxZn1−xOwere synthesised by a three-stage process consisting of highenergymechanical milling, heat treatment, andwashing. The photocatalytic activity of these powderswasevaluated using the spin-trapping technique with electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. It wasfound that the photocatalytic activity of CoxZn1−xO progressively decreased with the doping level. Incontrast, the activity of MnxZn1−xO initially increased ...
The aim of present study was to investigate the influence of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nano-TiO 2, Aeroxide® P25) on 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) dependent biotransformation gene expression in liver of juvenile European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax. An in vivo 7 day waterborne exposure was performed with nano-TiO2(1mg/L) and 2,3,7,8-TCDD (46pg/L), singly and in combination. The mRNA expression of aryl hydrocarbon receptor repressor (Ahrr), estrogen receptor (erβ2), ABC transport proteins as Abcb1, Abcc1-c2-g2, cytochrome P450 (cyp1a), glutathione-s-transferase (gsta), glutathione reductase (gr) and engulfment and motility (ELMO) domain-containing protein 2 (elmod2) was investigated. Ahrr,erβ2,abcc1 and abcg2 resulted down-regulated with respect to controls in all experimental groups.Co-exposure to nano-TiO2 and 2,3,7,8-TCDD caused a further significant down regulation ofahrr,erβ2,Abcb1andAbcc2compared to single chemical exposure (nano-TiO2or 2,3,7,8-TCDD alone). No ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Photocatalytic degradation of phenol in aqueous solution by rare earth-doped Snonanoparticles. AU - Al-Hamdi, Abdullah M.. AU - Sillanpää, Mika. AU - Dutta, Joydeep. PY - 2014. Y1 - 2014. N2 - The influence of heterogeneous semiconductors on the photodegradation of phenol in water was investigated using doped tin dioxide (SnO2) nanoparticles. Photocatalysts of SnO2 were synthesized with lanthanum (La), cerium (Ce), and neodymium (Nd) dopants. These photocatalysts were synthesized from tin tetrachloride by sol-gel method with different dopant concentrations, and its photocatalytic degradation was investigated up to 0.8 % under UV-A light in aqueous suspensions. The photocatalytic oxidation reactions were studied by varying photocatalyst composition, light intensity, reaction time, pH of the reaction medium, and phenol concentration. It was found that the photocatalytic activity of rare earth-doped SnO2 for phenol decomposition under UV light irradiation was considerably higher ...
The use of nanoparticles in foods is increasing every year, but we still know very little about whether they have health risks to humans, especially if one is eating foods with them daily (thus having chronic exposure). The nanoparticles in foods are ingredients so small that they are measured in nanometers or billionths of one meter. The most common nanoingredients are: titanium dioxide, silicon dioxide, and zinc oxide. Titanium dioxide is typically used as a food coloring to make foods whiter or brighter, but it may or may not be listed on the label. In Europe, this food additive is known as E171. Currently there are no restrictions on using titanium diaoxide nanoparticles in food.. Recent search suggests that there may be health effects from the nanoparticles in our food (here and here), thus we should be cautious. Evidence is accumulating that titanium dioxide nanoparticles can have a negative inflammatory effect on the intestinal lining. Similarly, a new study looking at both mice and ...
There are two basic types of titanium body jewelry: solid titanium, and anodized or electroplated titanium, which is a hard titanium coating placed over another metal. In most piercing jewelry, an anodized titanium coating will be made over surgical grade stainless steel to add durability and color. Anodized titanium
A method for forming reactive metal silicide layers at two spaced locations on a silicon substrate, which layers can be of different thicknesses and/or of different reactive metals is provided. A sililcon substrate has a silicon dioxide layer formed thereon followed by the formation of a polysilicon layer on the silicon dioxide layer, followed by forming a layer of refractory metal, e.g. titanium on the polysilicon. A non-reflecting material, e.g. titanium nitride is formed on the refractory metal. Conventional photoresist techniques are used to pattern the titanium nitride, the titanium and polysilicon, and the titanium is reacted with the contacted polysilicon to form a titanium silicide. The portion of silicon dioxide overlying the silicon substrate is then removed and the exposed substrate is ion implanted to form source/drain regions. A second layer of refractory metal, either titanium or some other refractory metal, is deposited over the source/drain region, and either over the titanium nitride,
CP 2 is the purest grade of titanium available. This grade is best for people who actually do have known allergies to certain metals, especially those who have experienced rashes due to aluminum or tin.. The strength of titanium makes the creation of elaborate designs very difficult. Elegant designs are meant to capture the beauty of the metal and of any stones in the piece. But, a simplistic approach is often taken when molding this metal into jewelry.. The classic designs are very popular with men who may be concerned about wearing excessively feminine-appearing titanium wedding rings. As you may well imagine, unadorned mens wedding bands have always been more popular among the male species.. For couples interested in matching wedding bands, most jewelers are more than happy to create custom pieces to match the desires of the customer. There are countless ways to mount jewels into titanium, as well as options available for coloring a piece of titanium jewelry.. Titanium is a refractory metal. ...
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We are specialized in processing and exporting 201 304 titanium rose gold stainless steel sheets in China and win high reputations from our customers. 201 304 titanium rose gold stainless steel sheets in all grades, offer 201 304 titanium rose gold stainless steel sheets stock,201 304 titanium rose gold stainless steel sheets price, Also, 201 304 titanium rose gold stainless steel sheets can be done more tests according clients requirement.like radiography test, ultrasonic test, macro test, micro test, flare test, flattening tests, etc are conducted.The documents like QAP, heat treatment chart, packaging list, fumigation certification, MTC as per EN 10204/3.1b, EN10204/3.2 third party test report are provided.our steel size range: Steel Plate width 1500-4020mm, thickness 8-700mm, lengt3000-27000mmh.Our current export markets are: Sorth America, North America, Europe,Australia,Africa, Asia, etc. ...
Abstract The aim of this study was to compare the nucleating and crystal growth behaviour of calcium phosphates on four types of potentially bioactive surfaces, using the simulated body fluid (SBF) model with added fibrinogen. Blasted titanium discs were modified by alkali and heat treatment, anodic oxidation, fluoride treatment, or hydroxyapatite coating. The discs were immersed in SBF with fibrinogen for periods of 3 days and 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks. The topography, morphology, and chemistry of the surfaces were evaluated with optical interferometry, scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM/EDX), and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), respectively. All surface modifications showed early calcium phosphate formation after 3 days, and were almost completely covered by calcium phosphates after 2 weeks. After 4 weeks, the Ca/P ratio was approximately 2.0 for all surface groups except the fluoride modified surface, which had a Ca/P ratio of 1.0-1.5. XPS measurements of the
The nanoparticles actually blunted the effectiveness of the small intestines microvilli. Microvilli are tiny projections that jut off of small intestinal cells and work to absorb nutrients our bodies need to survive. (3). People also face this type of titanium dioxide exposure through toothpaste, and its even sometimes used to created a smoother texture in chocolates and to create a brighter appearance in skim milk.. In 2012, Arizona State University found that titanium dioxide nanoparticles turned up in five percent of products tested, including Twinkies and mayonnaise samples. Under public pressure, Dunkin Donuts stopped using nano-titanium dioxide in its donuts powdered sugar in 2015.. To avoid foods rich in titanium oxide nanoparticles you should avoid processed foods, and especially candy. That is where you see a lot of nanoparticles, - Gretchen Mahler, PhD, study co-author and assistant professor of biomedical engineering at Binghamton University, State University of New York. ...
The nanoparticles actually blunted the effectiveness of the small intestines microvilli. Microvilli are tiny projections that jut off of small intestinal cells and work to absorb nutrients our bodies need to survive. (3). People also face this type of titanium dioxide exposure through toothpaste, and its even sometimes used to created a smoother texture in chocolates and to create a brighter appearance in skim milk.. In 2012, Arizona State University found that titanium dioxide nanoparticles turned up in five percent of products tested, including Twinkies and mayonnaise samples. Under public pressure, Dunkin Donuts stopped using nano-titanium dioxide in its donuts powdered sugar in 2015.. To avoid foods rich in titanium oxide nanoparticles you should avoid processed foods, and especially candy. That is where you see a lot of nanoparticles, - Gretchen Mahler, PhD, study co-author and assistant professor of biomedical engineering at Binghamton University, State University of New York. ...
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An adherent bioactive calcium phosphate coating is formed on a titanium or titanium alloy substrate by immersing the substrate in an acidic calcium phosphate solution to form a non-apatitic calcium phosphate coating on the substrate. In a second step the coated substrate can be converted to a less reactive coating by being immersed into a basic or neutral solution to convert the coating into an apatite. However if a relatively reactive coating is desired, the second step can be dispensed with.
We describe herein biocompatible single crystal Cu-based shape memory alloys (SMAs). In particular, we show biocompatibility based on MEM elution cell cytotoxicity, ISO intramuscular implant, and hemo-compatibility tests producing negative cytotoxic results. This biocompatibility may be attributed to the formation of a durable oxide surface layer analogous to the titanium oxide layer that inhibits body fluid reaction to titanium nickel alloys, and/or the non-existence of crystal domain boundaries may inhibit corrosive chemical attack. Methods for controlling the formation of the protective aluminum oxide layer are also described, as are devices including such biocompatible single crystal copper-based SMAs.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Microbiologically induced corrosive properties of the titanium surface. AU - Fukushima, A.. AU - Mayanagi, G.. AU - Nakajo, K.. AU - Sasaki, K.. AU - Takahashi, N.. N1 - Funding Information: This study was supported in part by Research and Education Funding for Inter-University Research Project (Highly-Functional Interface Science) and a program to enhance the universitys research function based on its specialty (Innovative Research for Biosis-Abiosis Intelligent Interface), and in part by Grants-in-Aid for Young Scientists B (23792270 and 23792201) from MEXT, Japan. Copyright: Copyright 2014 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2014/5. Y1 - 2014/5. N2 - Corrosion of titanium is the major concern when it is used for dental treatment. This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of the microbiologically induced corrosive properties of titanium. An experimental well was made of polymethyl methacrylate with pure titanium at the bottom. Viable or killed cells of Streptococcus ...
Naturally occurring perchlorate has been observed in playa areas of the western United States, in nitrate deposits from northern Chile, and has also been observed at low concentrations in surface and groundwater in the southwestern United States, distant from industrial sources. Studies were conducted to determine if perchlorate could be formed when dry chloride salts were exposed to sunlight and laboratory ultraviolet light in the presence of desert soils and titanium dioxide. Several desert soils were surveyed to determine which soils contained the highest amounts of naturally occurring perchlorate. A soil from Death Valley (29/μg/kg) and a soil from the Black Rock Desert (16 μg/kg) were selected, along with titanium dioxide for further studies. The soils were washed to remove the existing perchlorate; additional chloride was added and exposed to sunlight and ultraviolet light for 1-4 months. Perchlorate was generated in both sunlight and ultraviolet light on the soils (,4-29 μg/kg). Higher ...
The application of Nitinol shape memory alloys (SMA) in steel connections is evaluated using connections incorporating SMA tendons. Shape memory alloys are a class of alloys that exhibit thermo-mechanical characteristics that are ideally suited for seismic applications. They have the ability to dissipate significant energy with little permanent deformation, and possess highly reliable energy dissipation based on a repeatable solid state phase transformation. To assess the validity of using SMA in real structures, two full-scale connections are tested. The tests are conducted on exterior joint specimens and tested according to the SAC testing protocol. The beams are W24 x 94 and the columns W14 x 159, all of A572 Grade 50 steel. Companion regular steel connections are tested for comparison. The connections are of a T-stub type, with four 11/2 inch diameter SMA rods providing the tensile resistance to the column. The specimens are re-tested several times to determine the ability of the SMA rods to ...
I had five pure titanium dental implants five weeks ago and at the same time preventitive penicillin taken orally and in tablet form. The following day an area around my groin broke out in a typical hi...
Actuator concepts utilizing NiMnGa, ferromagnetic shape memory alloy are investigated for potential use on a smart rotor for trailing edge flap actuation. With their high energy density, large dynamic stroke, and wide operating bandwidth, ferromagnetic shape memory alloys (FSMA) like NiMnGa, seem like attractive candidates for smart rotor actuators, potentially able to fulfill the requirements for both primary rotor control and vibration suppression. However, because of the recent discovery of the material, current experimental data and analytical tools are limited. To rectify these shortcomings, an extensive set of detailed experiments were conducted on samples of NiMnGa to characterize the response of the alloy for a wide variety of mechanical and magnetic loading conditions. Measurements of the material performance parameters such as power density, damping properties, magneto-mechanical coupling, and transduction efficiency were included. Once characterized, the experimental data were used to ...
Single crystal Ni-Mn-Ga ferromagnetic shape memory alloys (FSMAs) are active materials which produce strain when a magnetic field is applied. The large saturation strain (6%) of Ni-Mn-Ga, and material energy density comparable to piezoelectric ceramics make Ni- Mn-Ga an interesting active material. However, their usefulness is limited by the bulky electromagnet required to produce a magnetic field. In this thesis, a novel actuation method is developed for shape memory alloys in their martensitic phase, whereby asymmetric acoustic pulses are used to drive twin boundary motion. Experimental actuators were developed using a combination of Ni-Mn-Ga FSMA single crystals and a piezoelectric stack actuator. In bi-directional actuation without load, strains of over 3% were achieved using repeated pulses (at 100 Hz) over a 30 s interval, while 1% strain was achieved in under 1 s. The maximum strains achieved are comparable to the strains achieved using bi-directional magnetic actuation, although the time ...
Titanium tweezers have been found to be excellent for use in the silicon chip industry, as titanium tweezers do not shed particles like the stainless steel tweezers. Anytime an abrasive substance is handled and microscopic particles are a detriment, it may be best to choose titanium. Since titanium is non-magnetic, these tweezers are extremely useful when handling magnetic materials or when working in a magnetic field. Titanium is both light weight and high strength material.. ...
The primary goal of the Consortium for the Advancement of Shape Memory Alloy Research and Technology (CASMART) is to enable the design of revolutionary applications based on shape memory alloy (SMA) technology. In order to help realize this goal and reduce the development time and required experience for the fabrication of SMA actuation systems, several modeling tools have been developed for common actuator types and are discussed herein along with case studies, which highlight the capabilities and limitations of these tools. Due to their ability to sustain high stresses and recover large deformations, SMAs have many potential applications as reliable, lightweight, solid-state actuators. Their advantage over classical actuators can also be further improved when the actuator geometry is modified to fit the specific application. In this paper, three common actuator designs are studied: wires, which are lightweight, low-profile, and easily implemented; springs, which offer actuation strokes upwards ...
Market Research Future Published a Half-Cooked Research Report on Global Shape Memory Alloys Research Report. Market Highlights: Global shape memory alloys (SMA) market is estimated to expand at a CAGR of 10.79% to reach USD 11,079.1 million by the end of 2023. SMA is gaining prominence in the global market with the growing usage in the end use industries such as biomedical, spacecraft, aircraft, transport, electrical appliances, construction & housing, subsea, hot water supply, and others. Free Sample Report at Here @ https://www.marketresearchfuture.com/sample_request/5997 – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 8e3cc6-NWQxY
Shape Memory Alloys Market is anticipated to reach USD XX.X BN by 2026 with a CAGR of 13%, this market report provides the key players, trends, growth & forecast of the market based on in-depth research by industry analyst. The global market size, share along with dynamics are covered in the shape memory alloys market report
Reportsnreports.com adds 2015 Market Research Report on Global Titanium Powder Industry to Metals Section of its online business intelligence archive. This is a Professional and in-depth market research on the current state of the Global Titanium Powder Industry. The Global Titanium Powder market analysis is provided for the international markets including development trends, competitive landscape analysis, and key regions development status. The complete report spreads across 152 pages.. The Global Titanium Powder Industry provides a basic overview of the industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain structure. The Titanium Powder market analysis is provided for the international markets including development trends, competitive landscape analysis, and key regions development status. Development policies and plans are discussed as well as manufacturing processes and cost structures are also analyzed. This report also states import/export consumption, supply ...
Are you interested in adding color to your charm bracelet or necklace? Discover a great range of color with our Titanium Colored Charms. The color of Titanium can be manipulated through Anodizing, a process used to change the color of the metal instead of just adding color to the outside. These Titanium Charms come in color ranging from blue and green to yellow. Find some of our popular styles with a funky finish for your charm jewelry, key chains, cell phone charms, craft projects, and more. Also find Titanium colored chains, jewelry supplies, and watch faces on the rest of our site. Titanium colored products can be determined by the J at the end of the product number.. ...
Because titanium is one of natures hardest and strongest elements, there is no need to worry that your titanium jewelry will become dented, bent, or scratched. Titanium is also hypo-allergenic, therefore a wonderful option for those people with allergies or sensitive skin. This metal can be brushed and polished to offer unbeatable comfort, as a result, you may forget youre even wearing it!. When purchasing a ring from Spectore Titanium, simply fill out the Ring-for-Life registration form provided by your authorized dealer. Then sit back and relax, knowing that you and your ring are protected under this lifetime guarantee. By choosing titanium jewelry, you are showing the world your appreciation for the finer things, and that your own personal style is elegant and classy.. ...
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Local dentists. The Perfect Smile (UK) offers clients titanium dental implants and 6 month smiles in Rawreth, Essex and across local region - find a dentist or dental information quickly and easily.
Photocatalyst Effect of Polyester Fabrics Treated with Visible-light Responsive Photocatalyst - visible-light responsive photocatalyst;polyester fabrics;deodorization;washing durability;antibacterial;antistatic;
6,13-Pentacenequinone/ Titanium Dioxide[edit]. Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is biologically stable, non-toxic, and cheap, which ... Titanium dioxide in conjunction with ultraviolet light can be utilized for the decolorization and detoxification of diluted ... in water by UV-irradiated Titania. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2002, 39 (1), 75-90. ...
Titania sensor[edit]. A less common type of narrow-band lambda sensor has a ceramic element made of titania (titanium dioxide ... As titania is an N-type semiconductor with a structure TiO2−x, the x defects in the crystal lattice conduct the charge. So, for ... The resistance of the titania is a function of the oxygen partial pressure and the temperature. Therefore, some sensors are ... In automotive applications the titania sensor, unlike the zirconia sensor, does not require a reference sample of atmospheric ...
Titanium[edit]. *6Al-4V - Seamless ELI Grade. UTS: 900-1150 MPa, density 4.42 g/cm3 ... Before the introduction of more exotic materials such as aluminium, titanium or composites, Reynolds was considered the ...
732-38 "Titanium". LCCCN 68-29938.. *^ Browning, Philip Embury (1917). "Introduction to the Rarer Elements". Kongl. Vet. Acad. ... Titanium 1791 W. Gregor 1825 J. Berzelius Gregor found an oxide of a new metal in ilmenite; Klaproth independently discovered ... "Titanium". Los Alamos National Laboratory. 2004. Archived from the original on 2006-12-30. Retrieved 2006-12-29.. ... André-Louis Debierne had previously reported the discovery of a new element actinium that was supposedly similar to titanium ...
titanium ไทเทเนียม /tʰāj.tʰēː.nîəm/ ...
Titanium. 4.54. 1941. 3560 Iron. 7.874. 1811. 3134 Nickel. 8.912. 1728. 3186 ...
Some exhibit a range of stoichiometries, e.g. titanium carbide, TiC. Titanium carbide and tungsten carbide are important ... Y. C. Zhou; H. Y. Dong; B. H. Yu (2000). "Development of two-dimensional titanium tin carbide (Ti2SnC) plates based on the ... For example, depending on surface porosity, 5-30 atomic layers of titanium carbide are hydrolyzed, forming methane within 5 ... There exists however a mixed titanium-tin carbide, which is a two-dimensional conductor.[10] (In 2007, there were two reports ...
Titanium. 4.20×10−7. 2.38×106. 0.0038. Grain oriented electrical steel. 4.60×10−7. 2.17×106. [32] ...
Titanium-containing nickel-gold braze wets silicon nitride and reacts with its surface, forming titanium nitride and liberating ... Titanium. structural, active Most commonly used active metal. Few percents added to Ag-Cu alloys facilitate wetting of ceramics ... Containing active metals, e.g., titanium or vanadium. Used for brazing non-metallic materials, e.g. graphite or ceramics.. Role ... When brazing ceramics, like other active metals, titanium reacts with them and forms a complex layer on their surface, which in ...
titanium 22 Ti vanadium 23 V chromium 24 Cr manganese 25 Mn ...
Titanium (1100 to 1825 °F (600 to 1000 °C)) aircraft components including seat tracks, engine rings, and other structural parts ... Materials that are commonly cold extruded include: lead, tin, aluminum, copper, zirconium, titanium, molybdenum, beryllium, ... Titanium and steel can achieve a 3 micrometres (120 μin) RMS.[1] ... often used for steel and titanium alloys), oil pressure (for aluminium), or in other specialized processes such as rollers ...
Titanium Ti no limit listed Tungsten W no limit listed Uranium U 0.10 mg/L ...
Titanium. 8.6. 26[28]. Tungsten. 4.5. 13.5. Turpentine. 90[16]. Water. 69. 207[19]. ...
These materials and others such as titanium, aluminium, magnesium and high strength steel alloys are widely used in aerospace ...
Tita-nium22Ti​47.867 Vana-dium23V​50.942 Chrom-ium24Cr​51.996 Manga-nese25Mn​54.938 Iron26Fe​55.845 Cobalt27Co​58.933 Nickel28 ...
Some of these elements are thought to be simple bystander contaminants without function (examples: caesium, titanium), while ... Titanium. 6993130000000000000♠130×10−9. 0.000020. No. 4 5. Boron. 6993690000000000000♠690×10−9. 0.000018. 0.0000030. Probably[8 ...
Titanium. solid. 0.523. 26.060. 2.6384. 3.13 R Tungsten[31]. solid. 0.134. 24.8. 2.58. 2.98 R ...
Vanadium, titanium, and niobium are strong carbide forming elements, forming vanadium carbide, titanium carbide, and niobium ... Less common alloyants include aluminium, cobalt, copper, cerium, niobium, titanium, tungsten, tin, zinc, lead, and zirconium. ... Titanium. -. Fixes carbon in inert particles; reduces martensitic hardness in chromium steels ... titanium & niobium), they form the carbides W2C and Mo2C, respectively. ...
After several months the bone attaches itself to the titanium bolt and an abutment is attached to the titanium bolt. The ... Cutting-edge materials such as carbon fiber, titanium and Kevlar provide strength and durability while making the new ... The method works by inserting a titanium bolt into the bone at the end of the stump. ... "Titanium and Sensors Replace Ahab's Peg Leg". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-10-30 ...
These processes are common to high alloy special steels, super alloys and titanium alloys. ...
Titanium tetrachloride Gas TiCl4 −763.2 Titanium tetrachloride Liquid TiCl4 −804.2 ...
Titanium Titanium metal can be burned as powder or flakes to produce silver sparks. ... Titanium, aluminium, beryllium, or magnesium powders The brightest stars, often called Mag Stars, are fueled by aluminium. ... Titanium may be added to the flash powder mix to produce a cloud of bright sparks around the flash. Salutes are commonly used ...
Titanium boride. TiB2. Hexagonal. 3.030. -. 3.230. 4.52. 3225. 5837 Titanium carbide. TiC. Cubic. 4.327. 4.327. 4.327. 4.94. ... titanium carbide (TiC),[6] titanium nitride (TiN), thorium dioxide (ThO2),[7][8] tantalum carbide (TaC)[9] and their associated ... Titanium nitride. TiN. FCC. 4.242. 4.242. 4.242. 5.39. 2950. 5342 Zirconium nitride. ZrN. FCC. 4.578. 4.578. 4.578. 7.29. 2950 ... 1968). "On the borothermic preparation of titanium, zirconium and hafnium diborides". Journal of the Less Common Metals. 14: 23 ...
Titanium melts 1941 1668 3034 3494 −2352 550 1334 883 The surface of the Sun 5800 5526 9980 10440 −8140 1823 4421 2909 ...
Titanium dioxide CI77891 25% (US) No limit (JP) EU, USA, AUS, JP X ... Titanium dioxide and zinc oxide are two minerals that are used in sunblock.[48] ... Inorganic particulates that reflect, scatter, and absorb UV light (such as titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, or a combination of ... Depending on the mode of action, sunscreens can be classified into physical sunscreens (i.e., zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, ...
Titanium dioxide CI77891 25% (US) No limit (JP) EU, USA, AUS, JP X X ... Titanium dioxide and zinc oxide are two minerals that are used in sunblock.[45] ... Inorganic particulates that reflect, scatter, and absorb UV light (such as titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, or a combination of ... Titanium dioxide probably gives good protection, but does not completely cover the UVA spectrum, as early 2000s research ...
Titanium tetraazide. *Triazidomethane. *Oxides of xenon: *Xenon dioxide. *Xenon oxytetrafluoride. *Xenon tetroxide ...
F-Stoff: titanium tetrachloride. *K-Stoff: methyl chloroformate. *M-Stoff: methanol. *N-Stoff: chlorine trifluoride ...
Titanium dioxide. 86-173 Strontium titanate. 310 Barium strontium titanate. 500 Barium titanate[9]. 1200-10,000 (20-120 °C) ...
Titanium Fireworks. 20 June 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2014.. *^ "General news scores soundtrack: Jóhann Jóhannsson provides the ... The pyrotechnic specialists Titanium Fireworks, who developed the displays for the London 2012 Olympic Games, provided three ...
"Titanium". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2006. Retrieved 29 December 2006.. *^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Lide, D. R., ed. (2005). ... Titanium Metals Corporation (1997). Titanium design and fabrication handbook for industrial applications. Dallas: Titanium ... Titanium(III) and titanium(II) also form stable chlorides. A notable example is titanium(III) chloride (TiCl3), which is used ... because titanium combines with the carbon to produce titanium carbide.[43] Pure metallic titanium (99.9%) was first prepared in ...
"Inferno World with Titanium Skies - ESOs VLT makes first detection of titanium oxide in an exoplanet". www.eso.org. Retrieved ... Artists impression of the exoplanet WASP-19b, in which atmosphere astronomers detected titanium oxide.[1] ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Titanium_oxide&oldid=896106874" ... Titanium dioxide (titanium(IV) oxide), TiO2. *Titanium(II) oxide (titanium monoxide), TiO, a non-stoichiometric oxide ...
Join Facebook to connect with Perhiasan Titanium and others you may know. Facebook gives people the power to share and... ...
Also known as: Humphreys Gold Co., Titanium Alloys Mfg. Co., Div. Of National Lead, Titanium Alloy Metals, Titanium Pigment Co. ... Public Comments on Titanium Alloys Manufacturing Documents. How to Submit Comments. Comments on Titanium Alloys Manufacturing ... All employees who worked in any area or building at Titanium Alloys Manufacturing from January 1, 1955, through December 31, ... To date, there are no open/active SEC petitions from Titanium Alloys Manufacturing. ...
... boss battles and player leaderboards table all this awaits you in the game Im Titanium. ... "Im Titanium is Roguelike Asteroids, and it turns out thats a good thing". GameSpace. ... boss battles and player leaderboards table all this awaits you in the game Im Titanium. Challenge yourself in procedurally ... boss battles and player leaderboards table all this awaits you in the game Im Titanium. ...
Cross platform application development using Appcelerator Titanium events Keynote on Appcelerator Titanium By Sivakumar ... Titanium App Titanium Apps Installs by Region• 78M total devices running Titanium 10% 17%• 10.7M iOS users use Titanium in a 31 ... Product Offerings…Titanium Mobile Titanium Desktop Appcelerator NetworkDevelop Native iPhone, Build Desktop apps that can Cloud ... Techday7, Cross platform application development using Appcelerator Titanium events Keynote on Appcelerator Titanium By ...
Titanium tetrachloride has not been found in any of the sites on the NPL. However, the number of NPL sites evaluated for ... Titanium tetrachloride is very irritating to the eyes, skin, mucous membranes, and the lungs. Breathing in large amounts can ... titanium. It is used to make titanium metal and other titanium-containing compounds, such as titanium dioxide, which is used as ... However, you can be tested for the presence of titanium dioxide or titanium metal, which are breakdown products of titanium ...
Elements of Titanium * Titanium is solid and mature. While it has a new name, the reality is that Titanium is simply a more ... Titanium is lightweight. Titanium has a very light core and the plugins it uses employ lazy-loading whenever possible. That ... Other Titanium alloys in the Titanium::Alloy:: name space may also come to exist, following the same philosophy, but ... Elements of Titanium *DESCRIPTION *Script/Dispatching Methods *new() *run() *Essential Method to Override *setup() *Essential ...
Titanium bulkhead for F-15 jet airplane before pressing - Alcoa Forging Division, Mesta 50,000-Ton Closed Die Forging Press, ... Media in category "Titanium". The following 73 files are in this category, out of 73 total. ... Clustered titanium oxide nanoparticles on stainless steel - 3.jpg 2,080 × 1,540; 1.92 MB. ... Private Collection - Leica M6 Titanium with 50mm f1.4 Summilux and Elliot Erwitt Signature (5122111846).jpg 1,500 × 924; 1.2 MB ...
Nvidia launches Titanium today. In stores for Christmas. By Drew Cullen 1 Oct 2001 at 16:38 ... Nvidia today announced the launch of the Titanium family - three so-called GPUs positioned at the high and mid-ends of the PC ... We do know that The Titanium 500, or Geforce 3 Ti 500 as it is traditionally known, will play in the sub-$400 space, described ... The other members of the Titanium GPU family are called the GeForce 3 Ti 200, and the GeForce 2 Ti 300, which Toms Hardware ...
Retail price = $99.99) Link: Toast Titanium 6.0 - $69.99 ... Toast Titanium 6.0 for only $69.99 from Amazon with free ... Toast Titanium 6: $69.99. Sunday September 21, 2003 1:53 PM PDT. by Arnold Kim ... Toast Titanium 6.0 for only $69.99 from Amazon with free shipping. (Retail price = $99.99). ...
"The new Titanium PowerBook G4s new high-res display is the best ever offered in a notebook, its industry-first integrated DVI ... The Titanium also features built-in Gigabit Ethernet (10/100/1000BASE-T) and a 56K modem. All PowerBook models have built-in ... Apple today unveiled a new Titanium PowerBook with an all-new, high-resolution display, faster G4 processors, integrated ...
When it comes to titanium knives, the devil is in the details. Talk to hunting enthusiasts and theyll point to the light and ... Quench the titanium part in a suitable quenching media: a water bath or air for alpha-beta and beta titanium alloys, and an oil ... After a minimum of two hours, remove the titanium piece and allow it to air cool. Lay the titanium piece on steel sheets to ... Cut a steel knife with a titanium blade, and the sight - titanium cutting through steel as if through rubber - will make even ...
http://www.mediafire.com/file/dj62p32mqlvqnc4/Karbonn_Titanium_Hexa_V2.3_20140505.zip/file. .header { position: absolute; width ...
http://www.mediafire.com/file/jzcgh9c1tfcaolv/Karbonn_Titanium_S201_961213_9713_V000032.zip/file. .header { position: absolute ...
... user group organizes meetups for those interested and working with the Axway Appcelerator Titanium platform or Titanium Open ... JavaScript Libraries · titanium · appcelerator · Mobile Development · Building iPhone apps with Appcelerator Titanium · iOS · ... Titanium is an excellent tool for people using web development skills (JS) to build cross-platform 100% native (no webview) ... The unofficial Dutch Titanium user group organizes meetups for those interested and working with the Axway Appcelerator ...
Despite its plethora of awards and mostly widespread critical acclaim, at least one columnist isnt enamored with the Titanium ... "a titanium casing does not make for good radio transparency." ...
Grade 5 Titanium Body - Premium quality without the premium price tag , Check out Black Panther Titanium Micro Blade on ...
Gehrys titanium cathedral. Frank Gehrys Guggenheim Museum has put Bilbao firmly back on the map. Inaugurated in 1997, the ... Visitors can use the free audio guide to find their way around this titanium cathedral of modern art. There is another guide ... The views of the Guggenheim never get dull because its titanium appearance is as changeable as the weather. During the day, it ... He bought a shipload of discounted titanium and constructed one of the worlds most famous buildings. ...
Titanium nitride (TiN) has an attractive yellow colour that is used in jewelry and decorative glass coatings. The high hardness ... In titanium processing: Chemical compounds. Titanium nitride (TiN) has an attractive yellow colour that is used in jewelry and ... The electronics industry uses titanium nitride in… ... Titanium nitride. chemical compound. THIS IS A DIRECTORY PAGE. ...
These naturally occurring oxide forms can be mined and serve as a source for commercial titanium. Titanium dioxide is odorless ... Titanium dioxide, a white, opaque, naturally occurring mineral existing in a number of crystalline forms, the most important of ... Alternative Title: titania. Titanium dioxide, also called titania, (TiO2), a white, opaque, naturally occurring mineral ... titanium: Compounds. Of the compounds formed by titanium in its +4 state, the dioxide, TiO2, is the most important. This ...
If it comes in contact with water, it rapidly forms hydrochloric acid, as well as titanium compounds. In 1990, approximately ... Titanium tetrachloride is a colorless to pale yellow liquid that has fumes with a strong odor. ... 1.5 million tons of titanium tetrachloride were produced in the United States. ... It is used to make titanium metal and other titanium-containing compounds, such as titanium dioxide, which is used as a white ...
Columbia Titanium Pants, Columbia Titanium Shirt and more in Men's Coats And Jackets on eBay. Find great deals and get ... Part of the Titanium line, and one of our most technical shells, the OutDry Ex Diamond Shell is a waterproof, breathable, sweat ... About Columbia Titanium. With the long-anticipated reunion with some of your closest friends just weeks away, you start to ... Columbia Titanium 3x Category 5 Parka Jacket Omni-Tech. Condition is New with tags. Please note that there are embroidery items ...
... a capability for accepting interchangeable die inserts greatly reduced problems of producing severely formed sheet titanium ... Hot Forming of Sheet Titanium Alloy 660644. Development of integrally heated draw dies and insulated die cases with a ... Citation: Edwards, W. and Dickason, R., "Hot Forming of Sheet Titanium Alloy," SAE Technical Paper 660644, 1966, https://doi. ... capability for accepting interchangeable die inserts greatly reduced problems of producing severely formed sheet titanium alloy ...
alias titanium=/Library/Application\ Support/Titanium/mobilesdk/osx/1.6.0/titanium.py. ... alias ti-build=/Library/Application\ Support/Titanium/mobilesdk/osx/1.6.0/iphone/builder.py. ...
This DLC contains new vehicles from the Titanium Edition! Once you have downloaded the additional contents, these will be ... This DLC contains new vehicles from the Titanium Edition! Once you have downloaded the additional contents, these will be ... http://marketplace.xbox.com/en-US/Product/Farming-Simulator-Titanium-Vehicles/2c9644cc-7ce8-48bb-818e-854711de31cd?cid=SLink ...
Lyrics to Titanium by J Hype: You shout it out, but I cant hear a word you say / Im talking loud, not saying much, no no no ... But I wont fall, I am titanium.. You shoot me down, But I wont fall, I am titanium.. Cut me down, but its you who had ... But I wont fall, I am titanium. You shoot me down. But I wont fall, I am titanium.. Im bulletproof, nothing to lose. Fire ... But I wont fall, I am titanium. You shoot me down. But I wont fall, I am titanium. ...
Find the best Emberlit UL Titanium Stove at L.L.Bean. Our high quality Outdoor Equipment is made for the shared joy of the ... Superlight and ultradurable, our titanium camping stove burns wood and other organic materials and folds up flat in your pack. ...
Titanium dioxide (TiO2), an insoluble white powder, is used extensively in many commercial products, including paint, cosmetics ... Draft Document on Titanium Dioxide Posted by NIOSH for Public Comment. ... We hope that the discussion of issues pertaining to ultrafine particles of titanium dioxide at the nanoscale size - that is, ... "Evaluation of Health Hazard and Recommendations for Occupational Exposure to Titanium Dioxide." ...
... pointy sliver of titanium next to my throat is a bad idea, even if I am doing it myself. And yet this is the premise of the ... Titanium Collar Stays Double as Tools, Weapons. Im pretty sure that putting a sharp, pointy sliver of titanium next to my ... Im pretty sure that putting a sharp, pointy sliver of titanium next to my throat is a bad idea, even if I am doing it myself. ... Exuvius idea is to make these from tough but light titanium and incorporate screwdrivers, a bottle opener and a sharpened jaw ...
  • Commercially pure (99.2% pure) grades of titanium have ultimate tensile strength of about 434 MPa (63,000 psi ), equal to that of common, low-grade steel alloys, but are less dense. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also known as: Humphreys Gold Co., Titanium Alloys Mfg. Co., Div. Of National Lead, Titanium Alloy Metals, Titanium Pigment Co. (cdc.gov)
  • To date, there are no open/active SEC petitions from Titanium Alloys Manufacturing. (cdc.gov)
  • All employees who worked in any area or building at Titanium Alloys Manufacturing from January 1, 1955, through December 31, 1956. (cdc.gov)
  • The book covers commercial pure (CP) titanium, alpha + beta and beta alloys, as well as titanium based intermetallics and titanium matrix composites. (springer.com)
  • Titanium alloys come in alpha, beta or alpha-beta alloys. (ehow.com)
  • Quench the titanium part in a suitable quenching media: a water bath or air for alpha-beta and beta titanium alloys, and an oil bath for alpha alloys. (ehow.com)
  • Reheat the furnace to temperatures of between 1,050 and 1,010 degrees for alpha titanium alloys, 900 to 1,100 degrees for alpha-beta alloys and 800 to 900 degrees for beta alloys. (ehow.com)
  • 2). Alloy grade 5(Ti-6Al-4V) widely used in the titanium alloys because of its comprehensive mechanical and chemical properties. (alibaba.com)
  • Only the so-called superalloys of steel have greater yield strength than the titanium alloys but this comes at the price of significantly greater weight. (candlepowerforums.com)
  • When strength-to-weight ratio is considered, nothing beats any of the titanium alloys, which have the highest strength-to-weight ratio of any of todays structural metals. (candlepowerforums.com)
  • Titanium is superconducting when cooled below its critical temperature of 0.49 K. Commercially pure (99.2% pure) grades of titanium have ultimate tensile strength of about 434 MPa (63,000 psi), equal to that of common, low-grade steel alloys, but are less dense. (wikipedia.org)
  • Certain titanium alloys (e.g. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like aluminium and magnesium, titanium metal and its alloys oxidize immediately upon exposure to air. (wikipedia.org)
  • If it comes in contact with water, it rapidly forms hydrochloric acid, as well as titanium compounds. (cdc.gov)
  • It is used to make titanium metal and other titanium-containing compounds, such as titanium dioxide, which is used as a white pigment in paints and other products and to produce other chemicals. (cdc.gov)
  • If moisture is in the air, titanium tetrachloride reacts rapidly with it to form hydrochloric acid and other titanium compounds, such as titanium hydroxide and titanium oxychlorides. (cdc.gov)
  • Some of the titanium compounds may settle out to soil or water. (cdc.gov)
  • The titanium compounds may remain for a long time in the soil or sediments. (cdc.gov)
  • Some other titanium compounds, such as titanium dioxide, are also found in air and water. (cdc.gov)
  • acid, as well as titanium compounds. (cdc.gov)
  • It is used to make titanium metal and other exposure to titanium tetrachloride may cause titanium-containing compounds, such as titanium harmful health effects. (cdc.gov)
  • Some enter your body if you breathe air that is of the titanium compounds may settle out to soil or contaminated with it. (cdc.gov)
  • Titanium chloride may refer to: Titanium tetrachloride (titanium(IV) chloride), TiCl4 Titanium trichloride (titanium(III) chloride), TiCl3 Titanium dichloride (titanium(II) chloride), TiCl2 This set index page lists chemical compounds articles associated with the same name. (wikipedia.org)
  • If you own a knife made from a more economical titanium alloy, you can increase the rigidity with a solution treating process, followed by age treating. (ehow.com)
  • Charge the titanium alloy into furnace, employing the charging tongs, and make sure you wear the protective garb. (ehow.com)
  • Development of integrally heated draw dies and insulated die cases with a capability for accepting interchangeable die inserts greatly reduced problems of producing severely formed sheet titanium alloy airframe parts. (sae.org)
  • And how much cooler would it be if that metal was titanium (or an alloy thereof)? (wired.com)
  • 1.1 Form This general agreement covers titanium alloy in the form of commercially pure or pre-alloyed powder. (sae.org)
  • To provide technical specification guidance for authoring or revising specifications for use in procurement of pure titanium or titanium alloy powder for use in additive manufacturing of aerospace parts. (sae.org)
  • Titanium is 60% denser than aluminium, but more than twice as strong as the most commonly used 6061-T6 aluminium alloy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Titanium dioxide , also called titania , (TiO 2 ), a white, opaque , naturally occurring mineral existing in a number of crystalline forms, the most important of which are rutile and anatase . (britannica.com)
  • Core-shell nanostructured "black" rutile titania as excellent catalyst for hydrogen production enhanced by sulfur doping," Journal of the American Chemical Society , vol. 135, no. 47, pp. 17831-17838, 2013. (hindawi.com)
  • The unofficial Dutch Titanium user group organizes meetups for those interested and working with the Axway Appcelerator Titanium platform or Titanium Open Source for creating apps. (meetup.com)
  • Appcelerator Titanium is a fantastic cross-platform mobile app development technology which helps developers create apps for the iPhone, iPad, Android phones and tablets. (articlealley.com)
  • Toast Titanium 6.0 for only $69.99 from Amazon with free shipping. (macrumors.com)
  • The main app itself, Toast Titanium, has had a lick of paint, and the tabs for different types of burning have been ranged horizontally along the top. (techradar.com)
  • Select "About" from the "Toast Titanium" menu. (roxio.com)
  • Den er dekket med en rekke nedslagskratere som er opp til 326 km i diameter, men er likevel mindre preget av krater enn overflaten til den ytterste av de store månene - Oberon . (wikipedia.org)
  • [L 8] I nesten femti år etter oppdagelsen ble ikke Titania eller Oberon observert med noe instrument annet enn William Herschels, [L 9] til tross for at månene kan ses fra jorden med et godt amatørteleskop. (wikipedia.org)
  • Først i 1848 fikk den betegnelsen Uranus I av William Lassel, [L 13] selv om han noen ganger brukte Herschels nummerering hvor Titania og Oberon henholdsvis er II og IV . (wikipedia.org)
  • CHEF TITANIUM kommer med SYSTEMPRO™ utstyr og tilbehør i rustfritt stål av høyeste kvalitet, som lar deg piske, kna, vispe og elte som en profesjonell. (kenwoodworld.com)
  • Chef Titanium er produsert med materialer av høy kvalitet for å sikre den høyeste standarden, og kommer med en betryggende 10 års motorgaranti. (kenwoodworld.com)
  • Black anatase titania enabling ultra high cycling rates for rechargeable lithium batteries," Energy & Environmental Science , vol. 6, pp. 2609-2614, 2013. (hindawi.com)
  • Our novel titanium process produces high quality commercially pure titanium powder which can efficiently and cost-effectively speed up metal fabrication. (www.csiro.au)
  • Titanium powder feeds enable near net shape fabrication which generates very little waste. (www.csiro.au)
  • a unique two-step process which enables the direct continuous production and tailoring of titanium metal powder to suit downstream commercial fabrication uses. (www.csiro.au)
  • We have redesigned the chloride separation step as a continuous process, capable of producing high quality titanium powder. (www.csiro.au)
  • From the automotive industry to three-dimensional (3D) printed medical implants, the markets for titanium powder are expanding and the CSIRO Ti process is attractive in terms of efficiency and production costs. (www.csiro.au)
  • The photocatalytic activity of titanium dioxide results in thin coatings exhibiting self-cleaning and disinfecting properties under exposure to ultraviolet radiation. (britannica.com)
  • The amorphous phase in titania and its influence on photocatalytic properties," Applied Catalysis B: Environmental , vol. 195, pp. 39-47, 2016. (hindawi.com)
  • Visible-light photocatalytic, solar thermal and photoelectrochemical properties of aluminium-reduced black titania," Energy & Environmental Science , vol. 6, pp. 3007-3014, 2013. (hindawi.com)
  • Black brookite titania with high solar absorption and excellent photocatalytic performance," Journal of Materials Chemistry A , vol. 1, pp. 9650-9653, 2013. (hindawi.com)
  • Black titania for superior photocatalytic hydrogen production and photoelectrochemical water splitting," ChemCatChem , vol. 7, pp. 2614-2619, 2015. (hindawi.com)
  • titanium tetrachloride reacts with water are titanium dioxide and hydrochloric acid. (cdc.gov)
  • However, the potential toxicity of titanium dioxide nanoparticles is a controversial subject. (britannica.com)
  • Many cosmetic companies use titanium dioxide nanoparticles. (britannica.com)
  • Properties of disorder-engineered black titanium dioxide nanoparticles through hydrogenation," Scientific Reports , vol. 3, p. 1510, 2013. (hindawi.com)
  • [12] Although they have the same number of valence electrons and are in the same group in the periodic table , titanium and zirconium differ in many chemical and physical properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • Artist's impression of the exoplanet WASP-19b , in which atmosphere astronomers detected titanium oxide. (wikipedia.org)
  • These naturally occurring oxide forms can be mined and serve as a source for commercial titanium . (britannica.com)
  • 2006). "The in vitro absorption of microfine zinc oxide and titanium dioxide through porcine skin. (ewg.org)
  • Or rather, I should say, there is very, very little that will corrode titanium-dioxide, since bare titanium itself is actually very reactive, and achieves its corrosion resistance by forming an oxide layer in air almost instantaneously, and it is this oxide layer which protects the rest of the bulk metal. (candlepowerforums.com)
  • Embodiments of a dielectric layer containing a hafnium titanium oxide film structured as one or more monolayers include the dielectric layer disposed in an integrated circuit. (google.com)
  • controlling pulsing parameters, pressure within the reaction chamber, and temperature of the substrate such that the pulsing parameters, the pressure within the reaction chamber, and the temperature of the substrate are selected, individually for each precursor, to form hafnium titanium oxide (Hf x Ti y O z , where x, y, and z are numbers greater than zero) in the cycle of the atomic layer deposition. (google.com)
  • 2. The method of claim 1 , wherein forming the hafnium titanium oxide film by atomic layer deposition includes forming the hafnium titanium oxide film on a substrate with the substrate maintained at a temperature of about 600 C. or less. (google.com)
  • 3. The method of claim 1 , wherein forming a dielectric layer includes forming the dielectric layer substantially of the hafnium titanium oxide film. (google.com)
  • 6. The method of claim 1 , wherein forming the hafnium titanium oxide film by atomic layer deposition includes forming the hafnium titanium oxide film having a hafnium to titanium ratio ranging from about 0.5 to about 2.5. (google.com)
  • 10. The method of claim 1 , wherein forming the hafnium titanium oxide film by atomic layer deposition includes using a TiR precursor and a HfR precursor, where R is one or more elements. (google.com)
  • Målinger under Titanias okkultasjon av en stjerne ga en øvre grense for overflatetrykket til en mulig atmosfære på 10-20 bar. (wikipedia.org)
  • Romsonden tok flere bilder av Titania, noe som gjorde det mulig å kartlegge ca. 40 % av månens overflate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Enten du prøver en helt ny oppskrift eller lager en tradisjonell og elsket rett, gjør CHEF TITANIUM det mulig for lidenskapelige kokker som deg å lage retter av høyeste kvalitet. (kenwoodworld.com)
  • Precision Castparts Corp. PCP, has agreed to acquire Titanium Metals Corp. TIE, -5.56% for approximately $2.9 billion, a deal that expands the cast-metal parts manufacturer's titanium capabilities. (marketwatch.com)
  • Under the terms of the agreement, Precision will buy Titanium Metals, or Timet, for $16.50 a share in cash, a 43% premium to the metal products company's Friday closing price. (marketwatch.com)
  • Few metals are lighter than titanium. (candlepowerforums.com)
  • Titanium has a stiffness (modulus of elasticity) which is about half that of steel and yet it will retain it s shape over a larger percentage of its stress range than many other metals. (candlepowerforums.com)
  • In other words, where other metals would undergo permanent deformation, titanium will spring back. (candlepowerforums.com)
  • It is the only known process for obtaining a metallurgical bond between dissimilar metals such as titanium and steel, and it does not significantly after the properties of either metal. (astm.org)
  • Titanium readily reacts with oxygen at 1,200 °C (2,190 °F) in air, and at 610 °C (1,130 °F) in pure oxygen, forming titanium dioxide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Titanium is a metallic element which is notable for having the highest strength-to-weight ratio of any metal and for its incredible resistance to corrosion. (conservapedia.com)
  • The aim of TIG is to influence the initial selection of materials so that titanium is given the consideration merited by its unique combination of mechanical properties, outstanding resistance to corrosion and cost effectiveness in a wide range of demanding applications. (iom3.org)
  • Atmospheric passivation gives titanium excellent resistance to corrosion, almost equivalent to platinum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Titanium is resistant to corrosion in sea water , aqua regia , and chlorine . (wikipedia.org)
  • I might as well have put corrosion IMMUNE , because there is very, very little that will corrode titanium. (candlepowerforums.com)
  • 16. Product Offerings…Titanium Mobile Titanium Desktop Appcelerator NetworkDevelop Native iPhone, Build Desktop apps that can Cloud services used forAndroid, and iPad apps be deployed with one code testing, packaging,with full access to each base on the PC, Mac, or distribution, anddevice's APIs. (slideshare.net)
  • Have you published any apps build with Titanium? (meetup.com)
  • Titanium is an excellent tool for people using web development skills (JS) to build cross-platform 100% native (no webview) mobile apps for iOS, Android and Windows Phone. (meetup.com)
  • Now I'm starting 2 Android apps with Titanium mobile,1 in the company and 1 at home. (sencha.com)
  • H-doped black titania with very high solar absorption and excellent photocatalysis enhanced by localized surface plasmon resonance," Advanced Functional Materials , vol. 23, pp. 5444-5450, 2013. (hindawi.com)
  • 13. What to do to start with Titanium today?Signup and download http://my.appcelerator.comFollow the "Quick Start"https://wiki.appcelerator.org/display/guides/homeYou're ready to be a Titanium developer! (slideshare.net)
  • Scrub the titanium with a water-based degreaser, using a sponge. (ehow.com)
  • and titanium trichloride (TiCl 3 ), which is used as a catalyst in the production of polypropylene . (wikipedia.org)
  • Apple today unveiled a new Titanium PowerBook with an all-new, high-resolution display, faster G4 processors, integrated Digital Visual Interface (DVI) port and the industry's only integrated Gigabit Ethernet in a notebook. (macworld.com)
  • The new Titanium PowerBook G4's new high-res display is the best ever offered in a notebook, its industry-first integrated DVI port enables a pure digital connection to Apple flat-panel displays and DVI-equipped digital projectors, and its industry-first integrated Gigabit Ethernet is up to 10 times faster than any other notebook. (macworld.com)
  • Despite its plethora of awards and mostly widespread critical acclaim, at least one columnist isn't enamored with the Titanium PowerBook G4. (macworld.com)
  • Det finnes over 20 tilbehør og fester tilgjengelig, så enten du vil lage det perfekte brød, ekstra luftige soufflés eller ekte italiensk pasta, gjør Chef Titanium det lett å mestre kjøkkenkunsten. (kenwoodworld.com)
  • Whether you're trying out a brand new recipe or an authentic dish tried and tested by generations, CHEF TITANIUM enables passionate cooks like yourself to create dishes to your highest standard. (kenwoodworld.com)
  • CHEF TITANIUM comes complete with the highest quality stainless steel SYSTEMPRO™ bowl tools, allowing you to beat, knead, whisk, cream and fold with confidence. (kenwoodworld.com)
  • The Chef Titanium in-bowl illumination lights up your ingredients, enables you to better see the colour, texture and consistency of your mix and hence ensure better results. (kenwoodworld.com)
  • The Chef Titanium has been produced to the highest standard, with high quality materials and comes with a reassuring 10 year motor warranty. (kenwoodworld.com)
  • There are over 20 attachments available, so whether you want to create perfectly structured bread, extra tall soufflés or silky smooth pasta, Chef Titanium helps you master the craft with ease. (kenwoodworld.com)
  • Desktop Applications for Windows, Macand Linux Platforms supported: iOS(4.0+) Android(2.2+) Mobile Web Blackberry(beta)Titanium is developed by Appcelerator Inc.and was introduced in December 2008. (slideshare.net)
  • AIR, Titanium, iPhone, Android, Safari, Google Chrome and the MaxThon browser all use some version of Webkit as their page rendering engine. (sencha.com)
  • Titanium is capable of withstanding attack by dilute sulfuric and hydrochloric acids, chloride solutions, and most organic acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • What happens to titanium tetrachloride when it enters the environment? (cdc.gov)
  • The visually assessed color intensity of staurolite appears to be directly proportional to the titanium content. (minsocam.org)
  • Data from these staurolites indicate a strong correlation between the titanium content of the staurolite and the color intensity. (minsocam.org)
  • There is only limited information in the literature with which to further assess the correlation of color intensity and titanium content, as the great majority of staurolite analyses record between 0.45 and 0.7% TiO 2 and show little variation in color. (minsocam.org)
  • Immediately available as a direct download for $99.99, Toast 10 Titanium introduces Mac2TiVo for sending standard definition and HD video content from a Mac to a TiVo DVR, and also adds an audiobook creator for converting audiobook CDs into files compatible with portable devices. (appleinsider.com)
  • I knew how to transform hydride into metallic titanium without contamination from the ink, based on prior research in my lab ," said Dunand, who focused on annealing the soft, titanium hydride origami structures into strong, metallic titanium objects. (washington.edu)
  • Hard metallic surfaces, such as titanium, are not good candidates for painted finishes. (ehow.com)
  • As you can see, the GeForce GTX 1070 Ti Titanium 8G's exterior is smattered with silver metallic accents instead of MSI's signature red splashes. (tomshardware.com)
  • As a metal , titanium is recognized for its high strength-to-weight ratio . (wikipedia.org)
  • However, you can be tested for the presence of titanium dioxide or titanium metal, which are breakdown products of titanium tetrachloride. (cdc.gov)
  • Titanium is a transition metal of low density and high strength. (ehow.com)
  • This year, Nomad launched its first metal strap for the Apple Watch, called the Titanium Band , a full-metal link bracelet built with over twenty titanium links and a set of custom lugs, designed for the 44mm Apple Watch Series 4 and the older generation 42mm models. (macrumors.com)
  • Similar in design to other metal link bracelets for Apple Watch -- including Apple's own accessory -- Nomad's Titanium Band has a series of metal links connected by a slim clasp system that snaps closed around your wrist. (macrumors.com)
  • The Titanium Band comes in both Silver and Black, to match both metal finishes available for the Apple Watch Series 4. (macrumors.com)
  • Shapeways isn't yet offering titanium (or any other metal) as a regular substance for printing, mostly due to the expense, but if lots of people enter the contest, maybe they'll consider it. (wired.com)
  • Titanium is a pure metal (nickel-free) and is gentle for even the most sensitive ears. (etsy.com)
  • Fortunately, you can paint titanium so long as you condition it with an acid-based primer engineered with the ability to etch durable metal. (ehow.com)
  • Apply metal self-etching primer to the titanium, using a 2- to 4-inch polyester paintbrush. (ehow.com)
  • No other metal can boast the combination of attributes (or even a fraction of them) that titanium has. (candlepowerforums.com)
  • As indicated by its negative redox potential, titanium is thermodynamically a very reactive metal that burns in normal atmosphere at lower temperatures than the melting point. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prepare sheets of stainless steel on which to air-cool titanium. (ehow.com)
  • This premium smoking accessory is machined from solid titanium, with a stainless steel split ring and cutter head, a push-activated waste removal feature, and three neoprene O-rings to secure the cap when not in use. (uncrate.com)
  • The CSIRO Ti process involves the continuous reduction of titanium tetrachloride with magnesium. (www.csiro.au)
  • The other members of the Titanium GPU family are called the GeForce 3 Ti 200, and the GeForce 2 Ti 300, which Tom's Hardware Guide reckons will retail around $199 and $149, respectively. (theregister.co.uk)
  • Then take a gander at Tom's Hardware Guide's comprehensive Titanium review . (theregister.co.uk)
  • Titanium tetrachloride is not found naturally in the environment and is made from minerals that contain titanium. (cdc.gov)
  • As EPA evaluates more sites, the number of Titanium tetrachloride is not found naturally in the sites at which titanium tetrachloride is found may environment and is made from minerals that contain change. (cdc.gov)
  • Perhaps it's called Titanium because it's so lightweight? (pcworld.com)
  • Lightweight, long lasting, and flexible enough to absorb the bumps and bruises that all eyeglass frames must endure, titanium glasses are perfect if you're always on the go. (zennioptical.com)
  • Titanium tetrachloride is a colorless to pale yellow liquid that has fumes with a strong odor. (cdc.gov)
  • Some laboratory animals that breathed titanium tetrachloride fumes for 2 years developed lung tumors of a special type. (cdc.gov)
  • The fumes from titanium tetrachloride can easily acid may break down or be carried in the air. (cdc.gov)
  • No other information has been found on the primarily as air emissions from facilities that make presence of titanium tetrachloride in air, water, soil, or use it in various chemical processes or as a result or foods that would suggest that you may be of spills. (cdc.gov)
  • This comprehensive summary of the current state of the art of titanium addresses, in varying levels of detail, all aspects of titanium, including: basic characteristics and physical metallurgy, the extractive metallurgy, the various production processes, the correlations between processing, microstructure and properties, and all aspects of applications including economic ones. (springer.com)
  • Richly illustrated with more than 300 figures, this compendium takes a conceptual approach to the physical metallurgy and applications of titanium, making it suitable as a reference and tutorial for materials scientists and engineers. (springer.com)
  • This shop offers hypoallergenic, pure titanium earrings for sensitive ears. (etsy.com)
  • I use only surgical, grade one, pure titanium! (etsy.com)
  • Made from aerospace-grade titanium that's super light and ultra durable. (llbean.com)
  • Titanium is far too durable for the friction-based abrasion techniques professionals use to prepare vinyl and plastic for paint. (ehow.com)
  • Utilizing state-of-the-art Titanium, we were able to create the thinnest, lightest, and most durable wallet, that becomes virtually invisible in your pocket. (kickstarter.com)
  • Many of our eyeglass frames - including our elegant and durable titanium models, are priced at or around $35. (zennioptical.com)
  • Titanium is biocompatible (it is non-toxic and is not rejected by the body) and used in sports, fashion, and medicine. (kickstarter.com)
  • The most common compound, titanium dioxide , is a popular photocatalyst and is used in the manufacture of white pigments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nvidia today announced the launch of the Titanium family - three so-called GPUs positioned at the high and mid-ends of the PC graphics market. (theregister.co.uk)
  • From Columbia Sportswear's Titanium line of high-performance outerwear. (ebay.com)
  • An accompanying High Definition/Blu-ray Disc plug-in, which is needed to author Blu-ray Disc video, is sold separately for $19.99 but is being made available free of charge for those customers who purchase Toast 10 Titanium online through February 5, 2009. (appleinsider.com)
  • In addition to offering everything available in Toast 10 Titanium, the Pro version includes the High Definition/Blu-ray Disc plug-in and bundles four third-party applications for developing advanced photo, video, and audio projects. (appleinsider.com)
  • The team at Dr. Shakibai's practice will begin the integration immediately and Titanium Healthcare will use its software platforms to support members through tele-health visits, in person and at home care to make sure patients get high levels of support. (prweb.com)
  • The result of years of iteration mixed with high-end manufacturing processes, the P22 Titanium Pen is a work of art you're meant to hold in your hand. (uncrate.com)
  • However, there is no evidence that long-term exposure to titanium tetrachloride causes cancer in people. (cdc.gov)
  • This test is not specific for titanium tetrachloride exposure, but it does indicate exposure to some titanium-containing substances. (cdc.gov)
  • If you are exposed to a substance such as titanium of exposure to any hazardous substance depend on tetrachloride, many factors will determine whether the dose, the duration, how you are exposed, harmful health effects will occur and what the type personal traits and habits, and whether other and severity of those health effects will be. (cdc.gov)