Women: Human females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Pregnant Women: Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.Battered Women: Women who are physically and mentally abused over an extended period, usually by a husband or other dominant male figure. Characteristics of the battered woman syndrome are helplessness, constant fear, and a perceived inability to escape. (From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 3d ed)Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Women's Rights: The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.Postmenopause: The physiological period following the MENOPAUSE, the permanent cessation of the menstrual life.Women, Working: Women who are engaged in gainful activities usually outside the home.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Physicians, Women: Women licensed to practice medicine.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Pregnancy Complications, Infectious: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Menopause: The last menstrual period. Permanent cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) is usually defined after 6 to 12 months of AMENORRHEA in a woman over 45 years of age. In the United States, menopause generally occurs in women between 48 and 55 years of age.United StatesParity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Premenopause: The period before MENOPAUSE. In premenopausal women, the climacteric transition from full sexual maturity to cessation of ovarian cycle takes place between the age of late thirty and early fifty.Pregnancy Outcome: Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Prenatal Care: Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Vaginal Smears: Collection of pooled secretions of the posterior vaginal fornix for cytologic examination.Uterine Cervical Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Postpartum Period: In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Mammography: Radiographic examination of the breast.Infertility, Female: Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Cervix Uteri: The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Menstruation: The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal: Metabolic disorder associated with fractures of the femoral neck, vertebrae, and distal forearm. It occurs commonly in women within 15-20 years after menopause, and is caused by factors associated with menopause including estrogen deficiency.Contraceptives, Oral: Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.Pregnancy Trimester, Third: The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Spouse Abuse: Deliberate severe and repeated injury to one domestic partner by the other.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Pre-Eclampsia: A complication of PREGNANCY, characterized by a complex of symptoms including maternal HYPERTENSION and PROTEINURIA with or without pathological EDEMA. Symptoms may range between mild and severe. Pre-eclampsia usually occurs after the 20th week of gestation, but may develop before this time in the presence of trophoblastic disease.Abortion, Spontaneous: Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Papanicolaou Test: Cytological preparation of cells collected from a mucosal surface and stained with Papanicolaou stain.Papillomavirus Infections: Neoplasms of the skin and mucous membranes caused by papillomaviruses. They are usually benign but some have a high risk for malignant progression.Delivery, Obstetric: Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.Contraception: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.Cesarean Section: Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Endometriosis: A condition in which functional endometrial tissue is present outside the UTERUS. It is often confined to the PELVIS involving the OVARY, the ligaments, cul-de-sac, and the uterovesical peritoneum.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a cardiovascular disease. The disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.Estrogens: Compounds that interact with ESTROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of ESTRADIOL. Estrogens stimulate the female reproductive organs, and the development of secondary female SEX CHARACTERISTICS. Estrogenic chemicals include natural, synthetic, steroidal, or non-steroidal compounds.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Contraceptive Agents, Female: Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.Diabetes, Gestational: Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Contraception Behavior: Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.SwedenPerimenopause: The transitional period before and after MENOPAUSE. Perimenopausal symptoms are associated with irregular MENSTRUAL CYCLE and widely fluctuated hormone levels. They may appear 6 years before menopause and subside 2 to 5 years after menopause.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Vaginosis, Bacterial: Polymicrobial, nonspecific vaginitis associated with positive cultures of Gardnerella vaginalis and other anaerobic organisms and a decrease in lactobacilli. It remains unclear whether the initial pathogenic event is caused by the growth of anaerobes or a primary decrease in lactobacilli.Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Menstruation Disturbances: Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.Estradiol: The 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position. Estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and parasitic diseases. The parasitic infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Pregnancy Trimester, Second: The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia: A malignancy arising in uterine cervical epithelium and confined thereto, representing a continuum of histological changes ranging from well-differentiated CIN 1 (formerly, mild dysplasia) to severe dysplasia/carcinoma in situ, CIN 3. The lesion arises at the squamocolumnar cell junction at the transformation zone of the endocervical canal, with a variable tendency to develop invasive epidermoid carcinoma, a tendency that is enhanced by concomitant human papillomaviral infection. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Hot Flashes: A sudden, temporary sensation of heat predominantly experienced by some women during MENOPAUSE. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Puerperal Disorders: Disorders or diseases associated with PUERPERIUM, the six-to-eight-week period immediately after PARTURITION in humans.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal: Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Climacteric: Physiologic period, characterized by endocrine, somatic, and psychic changes with the termination of ovarian function in the female. It may also accompany the normal diminution of sexual activity in the male.Parturition: The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Pregnancy Trimesters: The three approximately equal periods of a normal human PREGNANCY. Each trimester is about three months or 13 to 14 weeks in duration depending on the designation of the first day of gestation.CaliforniaEarly Detection of Cancer: Methods to identify and characterize cancer in the early stages of disease and predict tumor behavior.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Urinary Incontinence: Involuntary loss of URINE, such as leaking of urine. It is a symptom of various underlying pathological processes. Major types of incontinence include URINARY URGE INCONTINENCE and URINARY STRESS INCONTINENCE.Uterine Hemorrhage: Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.Postnatal Care: The care provided to women and their NEWBORNS for the first few months following CHILDBIRTH.Amenorrhea: Absence of menstruation.Pregnancy Trimester, First: The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Papillomaviridae: A family of small, non-enveloped DNA viruses infecting birds and most mammals, especially humans. They are grouped into multiple genera, but the viruses are highly host-species specific and tissue-restricted. They are commonly divided into hundreds of papillomavirus "types", each with specific gene function and gene control regions, despite sequence homology. Human papillomaviruses are found in the genera ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; BETAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; GAMMAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; and MUPAPILLOMAVIRUS.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.JapanChina: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Preconception Care: An organized and comprehensive program of health care that identifies and reduces a woman's reproductive risks before conception through risk assessment, health promotion, and interventions. Preconception care programs may be designed to include the male partner in providing counseling and educational information in preparation for fatherhood, such as genetic counseling and testing, financial and family planning, etc. This concept is different from PRENATAL CARE, which occurs during pregnancy.Absorptiometry, Photon: A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Gravidity: The number of pregnancies, complete or incomplete, experienced by a female. It is different from PARITY, which is the number of offspring borne. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Pregnancy, High-Risk: Pregnancy in which the mother and/or FETUS are at greater than normal risk of MORBIDITY or MORTALITY. Causes include inadequate PRENATAL CARE, previous obstetrical history (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS), pre-existing maternal disease, pregnancy-induced disease (GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION), and MULTIPLE PREGNANCY, as well as advanced maternal age above 35.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Maternal Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.Reproductive Behavior: Human behavior or decision related to REPRODUCTION.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.IndiaPregnancy Complications, Hematologic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a blood disease (HEMATOLOGIC DISEASES) which involves BLOOD CELLS or COAGULATION FACTORS. The hematologic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.Great BritainPrognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Genital Diseases, Female: Pathological processes involving the female reproductive tract (GENITALIA, FEMALE).Reproductive History: An important aggregate factor in epidemiological studies of women's health. The concept usually includes the number and timing of pregnancies and their outcomes, the incidence of breast feeding, and may include age of menarche and menopause, regularity of menstruation, fertility, gynecological or obstetric problems, or contraceptive usage.Dyspareunia: Recurrent genital pain occurring during, before, or after SEXUAL INTERCOURSE in either the male or the female.Chlamydia Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus CHLAMYDIA.Estrogens, Conjugated (USP): A pharmaceutical preparation containing a mixture of water-soluble, conjugated estrogens derived wholly or in part from URINE of pregnant mares or synthetically from ESTRONE and EQUILIN. It contains a sodium-salt mixture of estrone sulfate (52-62%) and equilin sulfate (22-30%) with a total of the two between 80-88%. Other concomitant conjugates include 17-alpha-dihydroequilin, 17-alpha-estradiol, and 17-beta-dihydroequilin. The potency of the preparation is expressed in terms of an equivalent quantity of sodium estrone sulfate.Obstetric Labor, Premature: Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).Progestins: Compounds that interact with PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of PROGESTERONE. Primary actions of progestins, including natural and synthetic steroids, are on the UTERUS and the MAMMARY GLAND in preparation for and in maintenance of PREGNANCY.Osteoporosis: Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.Gender Identity: A person's concept of self as being male and masculine or female and feminine, or ambivalent, based in part on physical characteristics, parental responses, and psychological and social pressures. It is the internal experience of gender role.Domestic Violence: Deliberate, often repetitive physical, verbal, and/or other types of abuse by one or more members against others of a household.Ovarian Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the OVARY. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant. They are classified according to the tissue of origin, such as the surface EPITHELIUM, the stromal endocrine cells, and the totipotent GERM CELLS.Midwifery: The practice of assisting women in childbirth.NorwaySeverity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Uterine Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UTERUS.Follicular Phase: The period of the MENSTRUAL CYCLE representing follicular growth, increase in ovarian estrogen (ESTROGENS) production, and epithelial proliferation of the ENDOMETRIUM. Follicular phase begins with the onset of MENSTRUATION and ends with OVULATION.Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Endometrium: The mucous membrane lining of the uterine cavity that is hormonally responsive during the MENSTRUAL CYCLE and PREGNANCY. The endometrium undergoes cyclic changes that characterize MENSTRUATION. After successful FERTILIZATION, it serves to sustain the developing embryo.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Colposcopy: The examination, therapy or surgery of the cervix and vagina by means of a specially designed endoscope introduced vaginally.Labor, Obstetric: The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).Asian Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Birth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Sterilization, Reproductive: Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.Sex Offenses: Any violation of established legal or moral codes in respect to sexual behavior.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Fertilization in Vitro: An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.HIV Seropositivity: Development of neutralizing antibodies in individuals who have been exposed to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/HTLV-III/LAV).South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Uterine Cervical Diseases: Pathological processes of the UTERINE CERVIX.Vaginal Diseases: Pathological processes of the VAGINA.Hirsutism: A condition observed in WOMEN and CHILDREN when there is excess coarse body hair of an adult male distribution pattern, such as facial and chest areas. It is the result of elevated ANDROGENS from the OVARIES, the ADRENAL GLANDS, or exogenous sources. The concept does not include HYPERTRICHOSIS, which is an androgen-independent excessive hair growth.Homosexuality, Female: Sexual attraction or relationship between females.Milk, HumanReproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: A spectrum of inflammation involving the female upper genital tract and the supporting tissues. It is usually caused by an ascending infection of organisms from the endocervix. Infection may be confined to the uterus (ENDOMETRITIS), the FALLOPIAN TUBES; (SALPINGITIS); the ovaries (OOPHORITIS), the supporting ligaments (PARAMETRITIS), or may involve several of the above uterine appendages. Such inflammation can lead to functional impairment and infertility.BrazilAsian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.Premenstrual Syndrome: A combination of distressing physical, psychologic, or behavioral changes that occur during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. Symptoms of PMS are diverse (such as pain, water-retention, anxiety, cravings, and depression) and they diminish markedly 2 or 3 days after the initiation of menses.Intrauterine Devices: Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.Infertility: Inability to reproduce after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Reproductive sterility is permanent infertility.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.DenmarkWeight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
  • Females represented 50.7% of the 21,338 matriculants (new enrollees) in 2017, compared with 49.8% in 2016. (prweb.com)
  • The French Senate will soon debate a bill phasing in a female quota by 2016, after the National Assembly approved the measure last week. (nytimes.com)
  • The Global Gender Gap Report 2016 published by the World Economic Forum testifies to the significant progress women have achieved in Bangladesh. (ipsnews.net)
  • Statewide, female admissions to acute hospital emergency departments for alcohol-related reasons rose by 4.8 percent between fiscal years 2012 and 2016, according to the Connecticut Hospital Association. (nhregister.com)
  • This booking photo released by the Chicago Police Department shows Jessica Hill, 21, one of two sisters accused of stabbing a West Side Chicago store security guard 27 times with a knife after he asked them to wear face masks and use hand sanitizer on Sunday, Oct. 25, 2020. (go.com)
  • It was gratifying to see Hindustan Times' Prashant Jha step down as the chief of bureau after allegations of sexual misconduct hit the headlines. (asianage.com)
  • In the United States, roughly 15 percent of the board members of the Fortune 500 companies are women, while at the top of Asian companies, women remain scarce: In China and India, they hold roughly 5 percent of board seats, in Japan, just 1.4 percent. (nytimes.com)
  • Women are particularly vulnerable, especially in rural India. (indiatimes.com)
  • The campaign also reflects a tragic situation unique to India: women from presumably well-off backgrounds, with access to Facebook, YouTube and WhatsApp, are also at the receiving end of society's scorn. (indiatimes.com)
  • What exactly does TB signify for women, not just in India, but worldwide? (indiatimes.com)
  • For the second time in four days, Rohit Sharma caressed his way to a century against his favourite opposition, statistically, to take India past 300. (indiatimes.com)
  • Download The Times of India News App for Latest World News . (indiatimes.com)
  • India All India 25 Oct 2018 #MeToo will take time. (asianage.com)
  • During her first assignment at a missionary hospital for women and children in India, doctors discovered that she had tuberculosis. (azcapitoltimes.com)
  • In 1994, Agarwal wrote "A Field of One's Own," arguing that landlessness is the single most important factor in the second-class citizenship of women in India. (nytimes.com)
  • India has a plethora of very progressive legislation that ensures land to the woman," said Sanjoy Patnaik, India country director of Landesa , a Seattle-based organization that works globally on land rights. (nytimes.com)
  • Today we see women dominating in one of Cambodia's largest industries - the garment sector - and women taking up office jobs, becoming entrepreneurs, obtaining positions within local government and even becoming parliamentarians. (phnompenhpost.com)
  • Only recently the National Assembly has come under fire for a lack of commitment to ensuring women's representation among lawmakers, as the number of female parliamentarians decreased to below 20 per cent in 2015. (phnompenhpost.com)
  • Whatever their number, both parliamentarians say the women who have lost male family members since the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq are increasingly lacking the means to provide for themselves. (reuters.com)
  • You're traveling with a small bag, an empty bag because when you go to the boat they ask you to make it lighter," Sarah told the Thomson Reuters Foundation in London, highlighting the added struggles women face in their perilous journeys to Europe. (reuters.com)
  • There's no dignity in having your period when you're a refugee," Terri Harris, of the Muslim women-led development charity Global One told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. (reuters.com)
  • GENEVA (Reuters) - Women in labor should be given more time to give birth and have fewer medical interventions, while participating more in decision-making, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Thursday. (businessinsider.com)
  • The number (of widows) is increasing day after day, it is becoming a time bomb, especially because many of them are still young," Othman told Reuters. (reuters.com)
  • Certainly the United Nations will push the UAE to do so this year, when its expert group on gender discrimination-known as the CEDAW Committee-meets with UAE officials in Geneva to examine the many ways their country's laws and practices continue to discriminate against women and should be changed. (hrw.org)
  • This is problematic considering prevailing traditional attitudes that discriminate against women. (phnompenhpost.com)
  • Our Fijian cultures (Itaukei, Hindu, Muslim, Chinese, Rotuman, Rabi etc.) should all promote the dignity of women and in some cases liberate women. (fijitimes.com)
  • A hijab is a scarf some Muslim women wear in public, covering their hair and neck. (odt.co.nz)
  • A woman who stepped in to stop skinheads tearing the hijabs off three Muslim women in Dunedin says she is disappointed other bystanders failed to intervene in the racist attack. (odt.co.nz)
  • Speaking on condition of anonymity, the woman said she was in Albion Pl in the central city last week when she saw two male skinheads and their female accomplice approach three Muslim women waiting in the lane. (odt.co.nz)
  • A group of people stood watching the attack but did not step in, so the woman said she decided to intervene, telling them forcefully to leave the Muslim women alone. (odt.co.nz)
  • While women in other Muslim countries drove freely, the kingdom's blanket ban attracted negative publicity for years. (breitbart.com)
  • The decree stated that the majority of Muslim scholars on the country's highest clerical council agreed that Islam allows women the right to drive. (breitbart.com)
  • Traditionally, the stereotype is that women embrace fields where their verbal skills help them. (time.com)
  • Women traditionally served as homemakers and housewives, having roles confined to bearing and raising children and performing domestic activities such as cooking and cleaning. (reference.com)
  • If Trump can once again juice his margins in areas like Brighton, and push close to that 30-point margin, it would suggest that conservative women in traditionally Republican areas are sticking with him. (politico.com)
  • For example, the International Federation of Journalists has found that although high numbers of women have begun to join the traditionally male-dominated media, they remain significantly underrepresented in key decision-making roles. (phnompenhpost.com)
  • Further, some experts say young women are consuming alcohol in ways traditionally seen primarily among males. (nhregister.com)
  • Most statistics are based on the data at the WTA Tour and International Tennis Federation, the official websites of each respective Grand Slam tournament and published sources though this is not a definitive list due to the time periods involved. (wikipedia.org)
  • This leads to many health providers only seeing women when they are pregnant, while being unable to collect information on how their periods may affect them, especially young unmarried women. (reuters.com)
  • To find out if these changing patterns have caused women's risk to converge with those in men, researchers measured fifty-year trends in mortality related to smoking across three time periods (1959-65, 1982-88 and 2000-2010), by comparing five large contemporary studies with two historical ACS cohorts. (deccanherald.com)
  • Many described not being paid earnings due to them, not being permitted rest periods or time off, confined to the homes of their employers, and excessive work, with working days of up to 21 hours. (hrw.org)
  • That's where Clark would attempt to inseminate Y.L. with Castellanos' semen three to four times a day during Y.L.'s ovulation periods over the next nine months. (miamiherald.com)
  • Taxpayer-funded family planning clinics must immediately stop referring women for abortions, the Trump administration says, advancing its effort to remake government policy on reproductive health. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • The thinking among Republicans has always been that if Trump can keep his losses in Oakland County to single digits again, it will be proof that he's holding his own with suburban women around the state, and therefore he will remain competitive. (politico.com)
  • In a December NewsBusters post , P.J. Gladnick noted how the Times portrayed Schneiderman as an anti-Trump hero. (newsbusters.org)
  • MeToo will take time. (asianage.com)
  • Monday evening, New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman, a purported 'champion of women' and an 'outspoken figure in the #MeToo movement,' became a pariah in barely three breathtaking hours. (newsbusters.org)
  • The version of the Times story posted just after Schneiderman's resignation reacted with disappointment, saying that it 'represented a stunning fall for a politician who had also assumed a prominent role in the #MeToo movement. (newsbusters.org)
  • NOTE* Please keep in mind that the FOCUS in this group is: women over 40 that are pregnant for the first time and without fertility treatment. (medhelp.org)
  • Estimation of a Model of Labor Supply, Fertility, and Wages of Married Women ," Journal of Political Economy , University of Chicago Press, vol. 84(4), pages 179-199, August. (repec.org)
  • A more popular theory holds that female orgasm evolved to increase fertility, the resulting muscle contractions helping suction sperm upward. (seattletimes.com)
  • The experiences of some paralyzed women prove how little we know: Though seemingly cut off from all feeling below the waist, some have found they still had orgasms when they tried sex. (seattletimes.com)
  • Last year, his team began using MRI to look at what was happening in their brains as women were having orgasms. (seattletimes.com)
  • He also scanned women who had orgasms from being touched above the injury and found that in the brain it looked like any other orgasm. (seattletimes.com)
  • He was aware that many women experienced orgasm through a small but ultrasensitive organ known as the clitoris but dealt with this by declaring such orgasms "infantile. (seattletimes.com)
  • In other words, wherever you get your orgasms, there's no right or wrong way to be a woman any more than there's a right or wrong hair or eye color. (seattletimes.com)
  • In such a place, how much difference can a few female politicians really make? (nytimes.com)
  • Lastly, plan your time ahead and make a next day to-do list in the last 5 minutes of your day. (yahoo.com)
  • We hope these findings will spark a national dialogue to help women everywhere reclaim their free time and use it in a way that will ultimately make their lives better. (adweek.com)
  • Some women said they couldn't help but make sounds during orgasm, which added to their feelings of self-consciousness. (time.com)
  • As we're on Facebook, here's one of the links in every country to IWD, where you can find a happy vid on "Women Make It Happen! (earthtimes.org)
  • For example, women in both categories who lived in New York or Los Angeles were found to be more likely to make a purchase on their own, compared to those who lived in Texas or Ohio. (clickz.com)
  • This will finally change in Sochi next week when Hendrickson and her two teammates, Lindsey Van, 29, and Jessica Jerome, 26, along with 27 other women from 11 countries, make history as the first female ski-jumpers to compete in the games. (nypost.com)
  • Engineering companies that are very keen to hire women are getting the idea that we should look at our policies, make sure we figure out how to handle leave, how to make it flexible for people to pick up their kids,' Croft said. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • A former schoolteacher is among the four female astronauts about to make history, as well as a chemist who once worked as an electrician, and two aerospace engineers. (deccanherald.com)
  • Despite some advances, women remain second class citizens in the UAE, where the concept of "male guardianship," incorporated in UAE law, denies women the right to make autonomous decisions about marriage. (hrw.org)
  • UAE laws also make it difficult for women who are sexually assaulted or subjected to rape to report these crimes, as this may lead to their prosecution on charges of zina (sexual relations outside of marriage). (hrw.org)
  • Similarly, in Cambodia's garment sector, while women make up 86 per cent of the workforce, a survey conducted by the Solidarity Center has found the majority of union leaders to be male. (phnompenhpost.com)
  • 3. Every single response was something that, at least on the surface, is an activity would only serve (meaning make happy, healthy, hopeful, etc.) the woman who isn't doing it. (care2.com)
  • At the bottom of the last page, you'll find a not-even-remotely-veiled invitation to my Sick of Being Stuck program in case you decide that it's time to make space for YOU in your life. (care2.com)
  • When you make time to honor your creative impulse, you open the lines of communication between you, your inner knowing and your source (by whatever capital lettered name you have for it). (care2.com)
  • Once a month, have Indian food with a group of carefully chosen women who make you laugh so hard you cry (I learned that from my friends Laura and Susannah. (care2.com)
  • We're going to continue to do what we do and if you want to get involved, reach out to the humane society, reach out to animal control, reach out to the many shelters who gave a lot of their time and energy to make sure that these horses who had been mistreated are cared for. (usatoday.com)
  • Therefore, I suggest that rather than worrying about your husband having lunch with a woman, you make an agreement with him that for your peace of mind, he will not meet with any woman for lunch or otherwise. (christianpost.com)
  • Research from North Carolina State University shows that they really don't make women like they used to, at least in Spain. (scienceblog.com)
  • More than three-quarters of Indian women make their living as farmers - a far higher percentage than men, who seek nonfarm jobs. (nytimes.com)
  • The organisation, which started in Auckland in 1995, runs four women's refuges, drop-in centres and a 24-hour crisis line for ethnic women in New Zealand. (odt.co.nz)
  • Two Female Medical Researchers Kick Ass! (scienceblogs.com)
  • Researchers report in the Journal of the American Medical Association ( JAMA ) that women, who are three times as likely as men to experience migraines , may suffer from other consequences of the painful headaches apart from the common symptoms of nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light. (time.com)
  • But as the dust has settled, researchers are grappling with some frustrating facts: Bringing large numbers of women into Norway's boardrooms has done little - yet - to improve either the professional caliber of the boards or to enhance corporate performance. (nytimes.com)
  • The researchers discovered that short total reproductive duration was tied to an increased risk of heart failure, which also was found to be related to an earlier age at menopause and more pronounced in women experiencing natural, rather than surgical, menopause. (ucsf.edu)
  • Specifically, the researchers looked at data on life expectancy and death rates from groups facing starvation, disease and slavery during times such as the Irish potato famine (1845-1849), measles epidemics in Iceland (1846 and 1882) and plantation slaves in Trinidad (at the beginning of the 19th century). (livescience.com)
  • Most of the female advantage in life expectancy during these crises was due to survival differences in infant mortality, according to the researchers. (livescience.com)
  • One of the reasons this result was so surprising is that the literature from the time period that the researchers studied suggests that parental attitudes showed a sex preference, usually for baby boys, Zarulli said. (livescience.com)
  • In my unit, at one of the top London teaching hospitals, most of the promising younger (30-35) researchers are female, and two of them have kids. (refinery29.com)
  • Further, researchers at the Yale School of Medicine note an increase in the number of women enrolling in studies that examine the effectiveness of a medication to curb one's desire to drink alcohol. (nhregister.com)
  • The researchers also found that, while craniofacial features for both sexes in Spain have changed over time, the changes have been particularly significant in females. (scienceblog.com)
  • The researchers paid particular attention to structural differences between male and female skulls because "this can help us establish the sex of the remains based on their craniofacial features," Ross says - which is particularly important when an incomplete skeleton is found. (scienceblog.com)
  • Assessing the 16th century skulls was important to the researchers because it allowed them to determine how the different features of male and female skulls have changed over time. (scienceblog.com)
  • Using data from three national registries, the researchers discovered that the strongest risk factor for MI was diabetes (a six-fold increase), followed by arterial hypertension (four-fold increase), hypercholesterolemia (three-fold increase) and smoking (increased the risk 1.6 times). (selfgrowth.com)
  • Fundraising is essential according to Oxfam, where women are repressed by their lack of work or low wages. (earthtimes.org)
  • However, World War II ushered in a new era of employment for women, giving them the opportunity to earn wages and depart from traditional female roles. (reference.com)
  • It is commonly assumed that the low wages often found in female-dominated workplaces can be justified through better provision of family-friendly arrangements, but this research provides evidence that low wages are accompanied by worse working conditions for many. (mid-day.com)
  • EDMONTON, Alberta, Dec. 12 (UPI) -- Longtime women smokers are two-and-a-half times more likely to suffer sudden cardiac death than non-smokers, a researcher in Canada says. (upi.com)
  • The increase in risk of death from lung cancer and chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD) in female smokers has been large enough to completely offset improvements in longevity from medical advances that have reduced death rates in the rest of the population over the last 50 years. (deccanherald.com)
  • The steep increase in risk among female smokers has continued for decades after the serious health risks from smoking were well established, and despite the fact that women predominantly smoked cigarette brands marketed as lower in 'tar' and nicotine," said Michael J Thun, former vice president emeritus of the American Cancer Society (ACS). (deccanherald.com)
  • For women who smoked in the 1960s, the risk of dying from lung cancer was 2.7 times higher than that of non-smokers. (deccanherald.com)
  • In the contemporary cohorts (2000-2010) the risk was 25.7 times higher than that of never-smokers. (deccanherald.com)
  • in the contemporary cohort, this risk increased to 22.5 times higher than never-smokers. (deccanherald.com)
  • Men and women smokers in the contemporary cohorts had nearly identically higher relative risks (compared to never smokers) for lung cancer, chronic obstructive lung disease, ischemic heart disease, stroke, and other heart disease. (deccanherald.com)
  • OSLO - Arni Hole remembers the shock wave that went through Norway 's business community in 2002 when the country's trade and industry minister, Ansgar Gabrielsen, proposed a law requiring that 40 percent of all company board members be women. (nytimes.com)
  • However, for the first time in the country's electoral history, the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) annulled the result of Dir Lower (PK-95) by-polls in 2015 after finding that none of the registered women voters had cast votes. (dawn.com)
  • Migrant domestic workers are among the most vulnerable groups of women in the UAE although they are a main element of the country's workforce. (hrw.org)
  • For years, the kingdom has incrementally granted women more rights and visibility, including participation in the Olympic Games in London and Rio, positions on the country's top consultative council and the right to run and vote in local elections in 2015. (breitbart.com)
  • King Salman and his young son and heir, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, tested the waters over the weekend by allowing women into the country's main stadium in Riyadh for annual celebrations of the nation's founding. (breitbart.com)
  • The tendency for career women to have fewer children and to start their families later is the chief cause of the emerging divide, experts suggested yesterday. (thetimes.co.uk)
  • He seriously argues that female doctors are more likely to work fewer hours and prioritise their families over their careers, thus causing the NHS shortfalls in the UK. (refinery29.com)
  • Among middle-aged (35-54) white women, 71 percent described themselves as "drinkers" in the National Health Interview Survey, compared with fewer than 50 percent of women representing all other ethnicities. (nhregister.com)
  • According to district administration, about 35,000 women work in BPOs and the IT sector in Gurgaon. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Japan "should not feel complacent" amid signs of progress on female empowerment, sociologist and prominent feminist Chizuko Ueno has urged, saying much work remains to be done. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • Regarding work though, Shipman reminded the audience that people are more effective in the workplace when we can work the way we want to work - flex time, telecommuting, etc. (adweek.com)
  • 68 percent of women say that work does not interfere with their personal lives. (adweek.com)
  • Even in this staunchly egalitarian society - 80 percent of Norwegian women work outside the home, and half the current government's ministers are female - the idea seemed radical, if not for its goal, then for the sheer magnitude of change it would require. (nytimes.com)
  • A decade into the 21st century, however, their corporate power remains slight - although women represent half or more of the work force in many countries. (nytimes.com)
  • Are you a Women@Work Connect member yet? (issuu.com)
  • Our empirical results suggest that, in public policy implementation, giving special attention to the specific characteristics of the labor market of women in Japan would be useful and important in understanding the different responses to the factors influencing the decision to work among the different socioeconomic groups. (nber.org)
  • Not given credit for their work and paid half a man's salary, women writers won a landmark suit against discrimination at the magazines of Time, Inc., but their success has been largely overlooked. (americanheritage.com)
  • Straight out of graduate school, I went to work as a researcher for Fortune Magazine, one of the most prestigious of the four magazines in the Time, Inc. empire, which included Time, Life and Sports Illustrated . (americanheritage.com)
  • Some increased opportunities for women, such as the surge in work opportunities during World War II, stemmed from necessity. (reference.com)
  • The rise in services for children, such as daycare and preschool programs, gave women the freedom to work outside of the home. (reference.com)
  • Many women are in paid employment in the UAE, but a woman who takes work without her husband's consent can be deemed "disobedient" under the law. (hrw.org)
  • At least 146,000 women, primarily from Asia and Africa, have migrated to the UAE for domestic work. (hrw.org)
  • Part-Time Work vs. Full-Time Work of Married Women in Japan ," NBER Working Papers 1608, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc. (repec.org)
  • In addition, a number of civil society organisations continue to work tirelessly to bridge the gender gap by supporting and empowering women. (phnompenhpost.com)
  • The behaviour in question could range from male bosses acting lecherous after getting the women employees alone on the pretext of work, to down-right pinning them to the wall and forcing themselves on the unsuspecting women. (asianage.com)
  • As a life coach, I spend lots of time connecting with incredible women but it's almost always about work. (care2.com)
  • Women in Saudi Arabia have long had to rely on male relatives to get to work or run errands, complicating government efforts to boost household incomes as lower oil prices force austerity measures. (breitbart.com)
  • Photos: IN REHEARSAL -- Members of the Judy Dworin Performance Ensemble work on ''Time In. (nytimes.com)
  • Quite simply, the average male medical graduate will work full-time, while the average female won't. (refinery29.com)
  • And also, there's nothing wrong with part-time work! (refinery29.com)
  • Most people who work part-time do four days a week anyway because there's so much to do. (refinery29.com)
  • In his organization, The Lampo Group, my friend Dave Ramsey refuses to allow one man and one woman to work together without others present. (christianpost.com)
  • Ninety-five percent of WMSG's graduates have finished high school, and the school's full-time director of graduate support actively stays in touch with the few who have dropped out. (washingtontimes.com)
  • I discussed some of these statistics previously here , and the latter stat is one that really stood out for me: just how many women versus men who have to deal with having a spouse in an academic or other demanding careers (or who are employed full-time, period). (scienceblogs.com)
  • I went back to teaching full time … I drove my car … everything was in its place except for my liking myself and my sexuality, and feeling like I was a woman again," reported another. (seattletimes.com)
  • Even in the United States, women working full time in 2015 typically were paid just 80 percent of what men were paid, a gap of 20 percent. (ipsnews.net)
  • Here is the profile and you can read our full time trial preview here . (cyclingnews.com)
  • every other female doctor I know with children works full time. (refinery29.com)
  • However, because she was able to secure assistance from family members for three days a week, she requested 13-hour day shifts for those three days to maintain her full-time status. (financialpost.com)
  • However, this schedule did not provide the 37.5 hours a week required for full-time employment, which meant she would lose her pension and other benefits. (financialpost.com)
  • Aid agencies have distributed "dignity kits" to women in Iraq, Nigeria and Bangladesh amongst other countries, containing underwear, soap and sanitary pads. (reuters.com)
  • Imagine the compounding sense of the loss of dignity these women feel. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • I speak on behalf of the Catholic social teaching and denounce societies, cultures and peoples that undermine the dignity and rights of women and particularly those that oppress women. (fijitimes.com)
  • Fijian society urgently needs to be made aware of and protect the dignity of women, girls and children. (fijitimes.com)
  • OGDEN - The story DeAnn Flynn shared at Time Out for Women on Feb. 5 wasn't one that is necessarily found in the Bible. (deseretnews.com)
  • In one case Human Rights Watch documented, a court found that a woman victim of domestic violence had breached the law by working without her husband's permission. (hrw.org)
  • Previous research has found that hormones present during a women's reproductive period before menopause may influence heart disease risk, and women experiencing early menopause may be at an elevated risk for atherosclerosis, hypertension and heart failure. (ucsf.edu)
  • In a primate called the stump-tail macaque, scientists found only a few females displayed signs of orgasm when they mated with males, but many more females could readily bring it on by rubbing the requisite parts against the backs of other females. (seattletimes.com)
  • By midcentury, Alfred Kinsey's systematic studies redirected the center of female orgasm and sensitivity away from the vagina and back to the clitoris, which he found needs a certain amount of sustained attention. (seattletimes.com)
  • Equally as alarming, a UN survey in 2013 found that one in five Cambodian men admitted to having raped a woman. (phnompenhpost.com)
  • It found that the best workplaces for providing flexibility were gender-neutral -- where men and women were equally represented. (mid-day.com)
  • Even the end-of-year amateur rankings issued by official organizations such as the United States Lawn Tennis Association were based on judgments made by men and women and not on mathematical formulas assigning points for wins or losses. (wikipedia.org)
  • This year, on International Women's Day, I ask you to spare a moment to think about how fortunate you are to have access to a safe, clean toilet and please take the time to learn more about the Sanitation and Water for All global partnership. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • At a reading last year in Kandahar, attended more by men than women, she read from a poem of hers called "I Am Telling the Truth. (nytimes.com)
  • On Friday, 16-year-old Wojdan Shaherkani became the first Saudi Arabian woman allowed to compete in the Olympics. (latimes.com)
  • When the end of the second world war is commemorated this year, comfort women will count among the conflict's unsettled ghosts. (ft.com)
  • Nineteen-year-old Sarah Hendrickson aims to be the first woman in history to win an Olympic gold at ski-jumping. (nypost.com)
  • As recently as 2005, Gian Franco Kasper, president of the Federation Internationale de Ski, spouted that a woman's womb would burst upon landing, saying: "It's like jumping down from, let's say, about two meters on the ground about a thousand times a year, which seems not to be appropriate for ladies, from a medical point of view. (nypost.com)
  • In the video, the woman thrashes Rajrani Jain, her sick and helpless 70-year-old mother-in-law, first with her bare hands and then with a stone. (atimes.com)
  • 92-year-old Albany woman identified as victim in. (timesunion.com)
  • Last year, Nadal dropped one set in the entire tournament en route to a record seventh Roland Garros title. (taipeitimes.com)
  • The gap between men and women is smallest in the 45-54 year-old age group. (time.com)
  • In what year did women get the vote in Britain? (reference.com)
  • It's that time of year again. (yahoo.com)
  • The 58-year-old woman was hospitalised after she developed severe abdominal swelling due to excessive eating and drinking. (indiatimes.com)
  • Around 11,500 women died from the disease last year, a rate of 30 per 100,000 women. (thetimes.co.uk)
  • Suliman said the women are divided between the two rooms according to the severity of their crimes, but 21-year-old Tahrir, who was convicted of murder, is in the same room as women accused of prostitution and pickpocketing. (medindia.net)
  • Important as it is, this year, instead of fulsome praise, what women in the UAE really need is for their government to act to end discrimination they face in law and in practice. (hrw.org)
  • For every additional year at which a woman entered menopause, the risk of heart failure decreased by about 1 percent. (ucsf.edu)
  • A report released by the World Health Organization late last year revealed domestic abuse of women to be a pressing concern in Cambodia, with over a fifth of women suffering physical or sexual violence by an intimate partner. (phnompenhpost.com)
  • This year, the government announced that for the first time girls in public schools would be allowed to play sports and have access to physical education. (breitbart.com)
  • That same year, around 150 clerics and religious scholars held a rare protest outside the Saudi king's palace against efforts by women seeking the right to drive. (breitbart.com)
  • Between January 2006 and March 7, 2007, 17 women were targeted and killed in Gaza on honor grounds, an increase from the average of 10 honor killings a year between 2000 and 2005, according to the Women's Center for Legal Aid and Counselling in Gaza, citing statistics from the Palestinian Authority's attorney general. (womensenews.org)
  • Prosecutors say Pilchard will not serve jail time unless she violates the conditions of her five-year probation, which prohibits her from possessing or having contact with domestic animals and requires she complete mental health treatment. (usatoday.com)
  • Or as Dr Chris Heath, a 40-year NHS veteran, wrote to me: 'Women doctors don't like weekend rotas. (refinery29.com)
  • The proportion of women who realise their plans to stop smoking during pregnancy has dropped by 12 per cent in a year, according to figures released today. (nursingtimes.net)
  • earlier in the center's eight-year history, rarely were there more than eight beds occupied at a time. (nhregister.com)
  • I am a 77-year-old woman who suffered with urinary tract infections until my gynecologist prescribed estradiol, which I currently take. (timescolonist.com)
  • This fall, female scientists at Rice University here gathered promising women who are graduate students and postdoctoral fellows to help them learn skills that they will need to deal with the perils of job hunting, promotion and tenure in high-stakes academic science. (scienceblogs.com)
  • These are comments from some of my female graduate students at Northwestern University, one of the nation's best schools . (time.com)
  • This group is for women that are 40+ and that are NATURALLY pregnant (without IVF or other treatments) for the FIRST time (excluding tubal pregnancies, DNC, etc. (medhelp.org)
  • My personal opinion is that the only time a tubal is preferable to LARCs [Long Acting Reversible Contraception] for someone who is done with childbearing is if it's done during a C-section, where it is a minor part of an otherwise major surgery," she explained. (slate.com)
  • The old boys club that inadvertently pops up like a vampire is a nemesis for women at all workplaces. (asianage.com)
  • The research, published in the journal European Journal of Industrial Relations, provides evidence to 'reject the assumption' that women have better access to flexible working arrangements and that female-dominated workplaces are better at providing them, said researcher Heejung Chung of University of Kent in Britain. (mid-day.com)
  • In the past the violence committed against women and the equal access the female gender needs to education and training has been emphasised. (earthtimes.org)
  • In African, Asian and Middle Eastern cultures, violence towards women was culturally accepted. (odt.co.nz)
  • There have been recent calls, such as by the Dubai Foundation for Women and Children and the Abu Dhabi public prosecutor , for a law on domestic violence, but as yet there is no sign of such legislation on the horizon. (hrw.org)
  • Human Rights Watch has documented three cases in which UAE police discouraged women from reporting domestic violence and failed to properly investigate their complaints. (hrw.org)
  • Violence has fallen sharply across Iraq, but the number of women left without breadwinners is mounting, and with only a fraction of them receiving financial support from the government, officials fear the consequences could be explosive. (reuters.com)
  • A second Republican man running for Mississippi governor said he won't meet alone with a woman who isn't his wife, even in a professional setting. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • U.S. President Donald Trump's campaign sought to energize women voters in the battleground state of Pennsylvania on Tuesday, betting a message of economic prosperity will boost support from suburban women uneasy with the direction of the Republican Party. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • But anyone on the ground here, Republican or Democrat, will tell you the same thing: As white suburban women go, so goes the state's 16 electoral votes. (politico.com)
  • Saudi Arabia on Friday appointed 30 women for the first time to the 150-member Shura Council for the next four years, Saudi News Agency reported. (sify.com)
  • RIYADH, Saudi Arabia (AP) - Women will be allowed to drive for the first time next summer in Saudi Arabia, the ultra-conservative kingdom announced Tuesday, marking a significant expansion of women's rights in the only the country that barred them from getting behind the wheel. (breitbart.com)
  • Youssef took part in numerous driving campaigns, including a widely publicized effort in 2013 when dozens of women across the kingdom uploaded videos to YouTube of themselves driving in Saudi Arabia. (breitbart.com)
  • The hall is lined with lockers, and young women are streaming from class to class in crisp uniforms. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Students also engage in world affairs, including developing a project to address genocide in Darfur and participating in the 51st session of the Commission on the Status of Women at the United Nations, focusing on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against young girls. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Based on these findings, interventions for women with young children might have the most impact if they improve social supports, educational opportunities, access to family counseling and neighborhoods environments," Buu says. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • For Dear Life' recounts the story of a young American woman who lived for two years during the 1970's with her husband and their young child in Tehran , Iran. (prweb.com)
  • These young women visit my office to get advice about their careers. (time.com)
  • Getting your tubes tied: Why do young women have a hard time getting sterilized? (slate.com)
  • Why is it so difficult for young women to get their tubes tied? (slate.com)
  • Little time remained for other kinds of activities especially for the young adults. (diva-portal.org)
  • A young woman who comes from England originally has been viciously assaulted in a Scottish city centre in what police are treating as a racially motivated attack. (thetimes.co.uk)
  • Due to a recent Federal Court ruling, young Canadian women will face increased difficulty finding employment. (financialpost.com)
  • The group of young women were 21 to 45 years old (with an average age of 42). (selfgrowth.com)
  • For more on the Ogden Time Out for Women event, click on "Entertainment" and "News" on MormonTimes.com . (deseretnews.com)
  • The good news is that we can probably expect to see these lung cancer mortality rates peak and start to decline as times go by. (time.com)
  • There is a startling connection between scheduling free time and happiness - and an equally startling connection between the ability to delegate and happiness," said van Ogtrop. (adweek.com)
  • We have to change the patriarchal views of society and recognise women as equally made in the image of God. (fijitimes.com)
  • All of this without even touching upon the harrowing facts about the deadly diseases being spread because of this daily reality for millions of women and their children in developing countries. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • The horrific incidence of serious water-borne diseases such as cholera, typhoid and parasitic infections as a result of poor sanitation are killing women and children every day. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Moreover, the incidence of these diseases and others linked to poor sanitation - for example, round worm, whip worm, guinea worm, and Schistosomiasis - is highest among poor women, and especially their school-aged children. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Solving sanitation is a huge challenge and it will take time, however it is one that will transform the lives of women and children in developing countries. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • I had two sons, one of them is deaf, I didn't have a choice," she explains as the other women prisoners look on, some of them clutching their own children. (medindia.net)
  • The prison, such as it is, consists of two rooms that house 19 women and a handful of children. (medindia.net)
  • On April 11, the al-Atta Benevolent Association in the Gaza Strip, which works to empower women and children, opened a new computer training center for girls. (womensenews.org)
  • Family status" was introduced, years ago, as a ground of discrimination under human rights legislation to protect women from being fired or otherwise discriminated against because of their family status, for example, whether they had children, were single or in a common-law relationship. (financialpost.com)
  • The lesions that were especially common among women with migraine are called deep white matter hyperintensities. (time.com)
  • Heart disease is the leading cause of death among women, killing nearly 290,000 women in 2013, or one in four female deaths, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (ucsf.edu)
  • For years, breast cancer has been the leading cause of cancer death among women in developed countries, but according to a new report on the incidence of cancer worldwide from the American Cancer Society, lung cancer now surpasses it. (time.com)
  • We know now that in a lot of developed countries among women, smoking is on the decline," says Torre, noting that new lung cancer infections today are the result of habits formed decades ago. (time.com)
  • The uptick in problem drinking among women in Connecticut mirrors a national trend. (nhregister.com)
  • Among women, the prevalence of 12-month alcohol use disorder, characterized by a pattern of drinking that includes difficulty controlling consumption and withdrawal symptoms when stopping - rose 83.7 percent. (nhregister.com)
  • As alcohol consumption increases among women, so too does the risk of adverse health consequences, even among moderate drinkers. (nhregister.com)
  • The Dunedin drop-in centre, operating from Dunedin Community House, would provide support for women who visited, and those in the community. (odt.co.nz)
  • She was hauled before a judge and ordered to attend 30 days of pre-trial detention at the Training and Reform Centre for Women, Gaza's only prison for women. (medindia.net)
  • I am bringing attention to this because we all know that pregnancy threads can easily get off subject and mostly turn into conversations about infertility and treatments when women over 40 are involved. (medhelp.org)
  • They demonstrated that energy intake need not increase in order for obese women to gain the recommended amounts of weight during pregnancy. (jci.org)
  • Teams taking part in Japan's new women's professional soccer league, that is scheduled to begin play in 2021, will be required to have at least one female executive, sources knowledgeable about the plan said Friday. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • But Time, Inc. treated us like second-class citizens and never credited women as "reporters" even when we did the reporting. (americanheritage.com)
  • If Bass continues to ignore the town's tickets and citations, she could be looking at jail time. (rt.com)
  • The new trailer for Wonder Woman , in theaters this summer, ups the stakes for the character. (time.com)
  • Wonder Woman, who recently turned 75 , made her big-screen debut in Batman v. Superman . (time.com)
  • The Wonder Woman movie will be the first female superhero movie in over a decade and the hero's first solo flick ever. (time.com)
  • It shows how embedded is the tribal sense of honor for both men and women: "If you do not have a wound in the center of your chest/I shall remain indifferent, even if your back is riddled like a sieve with holes. (nytimes.com)
  • Despite these openings, Saudi women remain largely subject to the whims of men due to guardianship laws , which bar them from obtaining a passport, traveling abroad or marrying without the consent of a male relative. (breitbart.com)
  • India's attitudes toward women and land remain a bewildering mixture of progress toward modern standards and centuries of discrimination. (nytimes.com)
  • The explosion of stories, accounts naming and shaming sexual offenders, the narratives of harassment and stalking of women by predatory men in power, has reached epidemic levels. (asianage.com)
  • In the years before the epidemic, the average life expectancy for women was about 44 years and about 38 years for men. (livescience.com)
  • This bias continues to affect job placement as men are automatically perceived as more proficient in arithmetic compared to women by both sexes. (time.com)
  • I encourage our parishes to include more women in leadership roles, especially in parish pastoral council and the finance council. (fijitimes.com)
  • While women's progress in Cambodia is certainly laudable, women continue to be discriminated against and underrepresented in key decision-making roles in public and political life. (phnompenhpost.com)
  • Indeed, the glaring absence of women in influential roles in Cambodia is largely due to a lack of understanding of - and commitment to - gender mainstreaming. (phnompenhpost.com)