A phenol obtained from thyme oil or other volatile oils used as a stabilizer in pharmaceutical preparations, and as an antiseptic (antibacterial or antifungal) agent. It was formerly used as a vermifuge.
A plant genus of the family VERBENACEAE. Lippsidoquinone; TRITERPENES; SESQUITERPENES; and THYMOL have been found in this genus. Plant extracts have cytotoxic activity. It is sometimes called Mexican oregano but that confuses it with real oregano (ORIGANUM).
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE best known for the thyme spice added to foods.
Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.
Compounds with a core of 10 carbons generally formed via the mevalonate pathway from the combination of 3,3-dimethylallyl pyrophosphate and isopentenyl pyrophosphate. They are cyclized and oxidized in a variety of ways. Due to the low molecular weight many of them exist in the form of essential oils (OILS, VOLATILE).
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE that is the source of a familiar food seasoning.
A cinnamate derivative of the shikamate pathway found in CLOVE OIL and other PLANTS.
Assays that measure the rate of migration of LEUKOCYTES. They may involve a variety of techniques such as measuring the movement of leukocytes through substrates such as AGAROSE gels or the rate of exit of cells from a glass capillary.

Beneficial effects of thyme oil on age-related changes in the phospholipid C20 and C22 polyunsaturated fatty acid composition of various rat tissues. (1/92)

The aim of this study was to determine any age-related changes in phospholipid polyunsaturated fatty acid composition, in particular C20 and C22 fatty acids in rat liver, brain, kidney and heart, and to assess and compare the effects of dietary supplementation (42.5 mg/kg body weight/day) of the natural antioxidant thyme oil and its major component thymol throughout the rat life span. The fatty acid composition in the various tissues from young (7 months) and aged (28 months) rats was determined and compared. Livers from aged control, thyme oil and thymol treated rats exhibited an increase in 22:6(n-3). In contrast, 22:6(n-3) content of brain, kidney and heart declined in aged rats in all three dietary groups. However, aged rats treated with thyme oil and thymol displayed significantly higher levels of 22:6(n-3) than the respective age-matched controls. Tissue compositions of 20:4(n-6) were found to be significantly lower in the liver and kidney from aged control rats but not those fed either thyme oil or thymol. In aged rats, the composition of 20:4(n-6) in all tissues was highest in rats fed either thyme oil or thymol. These results show that dietary supplementation with thyme oil tended to maintain higher PUFA levels in all tissues studied. The majority of protection provided by thyme oil was by virtue of its thymol component, which comprises 49% of the whole oil. Thymol administered alone did not provide significantly higher protection than the whole oil, suggesting that other components within thyme oil are also contributing antioxidant activity.  (+info)

Caffeine-sensitive calcium stores regulate synaptic transmission from retinal rod photoreceptors. (2/92)

We investigated the role of caffeine-sensitive intracellular stores in regulating intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) and glutamatergic synaptic transmission from rod photoreceptors. Caffeine transiently elevated and then markedly depressed [Ca(2+)](i) to below prestimulus levels in rod inner segments and synaptic terminals. Concomitant with the depression was a reduction of glutamate release and a hyperpolarization of horizontal cells, neurons postsynaptic to rods. Caffeine did not affect the rods' membrane potentials indicating that caffeine likely acted via some mechanism(s) other than a voltage-dependent deactivation of the calcium channels. Most of caffeine's depressive action on [Ca(2+)](i), on glutamate release, and on I(Ca) in rods can be attributed to calcium release from stores: (1) caffeine's actions on [Ca(2+)](i) and I(Ca) were reduced by intracellular BAPTA and barium substitution for calcium, (2) other nonxanthine store-releasing compounds, such as thymol and chlorocresol, also depressed [Ca(2+)](i), and (3) the magnitude of [Ca(2+)](i) depression depended on basal [Ca(2+)](i) before caffeine. We propose that caffeine-released calcium reduces I(Ca) in rods by an as yet unidentified intracellular signaling mechanism. To account for the depression of [Ca(2+)](i) below rest levels and the increased fall rate of [Ca(2+)](i) with higher basal calcium, we also propose that caffeine-evoked calcium release from stores activates a calcium transporter that, via sequestration into stores or extrusion, lowers [Ca(2+)](i) and suppresses glutamate release. The effects of store-released calcium reported here operate at physiological calcium concentrations, supporting a role in regulating synaptic signaling in vivo.  (+info)

Mutagenicity studies with halothane in Drosophila melanogaster. (3/92)

Halothane was investigated for its mutagenic effects in Drosophila melanogaster. The induction of sex-linked recessive lethals was used as an indicator of genetic damage. Adult male flies were exposed to halothane either for 14 days at 1,000 or 1,600 ppm (v/v) or for one or two days in 2,100 or 20,000 ppm. In several experiments slight increases of the mutation frequency were observed. For the pooled data of the 14 day-exposure experiments, the increase amounted to a doubling of the spontaneous rate, just reaching the level of 5 per cent significance. The authors consider this a borderline result, indicating, with a fair degree of probability, that halothane has weak mutagenic activity, under the conditions studied.  (+info)

Plant-derived oils reduce pathogens and gaseous emissions from stored cattle waste. (4/92)

Carvacrol and thymol in combination at 6.7 mM each completely inhibited the production of short-chain volatile fatty acids and lactate from cattle waste in anoxic flasks over 23 days. Fecal coliforms were reduced from 4.6 x 10(6) to 2.0 x 10(3) cells per ml 2 days after treatment and were nondetectable within 4 days. Total anaerobic bacteria were reduced from 8.4 x 10(10) to 1.5 x 10(7) cells per ml after 2 days and continued to be suppressed to that level after 14 days. If the concentration of carvacrol or thymol were doubled (13.3 mM), either could be used to obtain the same inhibitory fermentation effect. We conclude that carvacrol or thymol may be useful as an antimicrobial chemical to control pathogens and odor in stored livestock waste.  (+info)

The outcome of root canal treatment. A retrospective study within the armed forces (Royal Air Force). (5/92)

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the outcome of conventional root canal treatment in a general practice setting within the Royal Air Force dental service. Design Retrospective review. METHODS: Teeth that had been root-filled for 12 months or more by Royal Air Force dental practitioners in patients attending a large Royal Air Force dental centre were included in the study. Following clinical and radiographic review the root fillings were classified as 'definitely successful', 'probably successful' or 'failed' The effect on success of several variables on the outcome was investigated. RESULTS: Out of a total of 406 teeth, 59% were maxillary teeth and 41% were mandibular teeth. Sixty-nine per cent of the total sample had pre-existing periapical radiolucencies. Cold lateral condensation of gutta-percha was the most widely used filling technique (64% of all cases). Fifty per cent of the teeth had root fillings within 2 mm of the radiographic apex, 32% were greater than 2 mm from the radiographic apex and 18% were overfilled. Cold lateral condensation was the most successful (92% overall) filling technique. Maxillary anterior teeth had a better success rate (96%) than other tooth types. Teeth with pre-existing periapical radiolucencies had a higher success rate (87%) than those cases where there was no pre-existing periapical radiolucency (80%). Root fillings that were less than 2 mm from the radiographic apex of the tooth had a higher success rate (88% overall) than those that were greater than 2 mm from the radiographic apex (77% overall). Of the 406 cases, 57% (n=231) were classified as definitely successful, 28% (n=114) were classified as probably successful and 15% (n=62) were classified as failures. Thus, the overall success rate combining definitely successful and probably successful root fillings was 85% (n=344). CONCLUSIONS: Root fillings placed using cold lateral condensation of gutta-percha to within 2 mm of the radiographic apex of the tooth were associated with the best outcome.  (+info)

Varnish or polymeric coating for the prevention of demineralization? An ex vivo study. (6/92)

OBJECTIVE: The ability of an experimental coating, Odyssey, to prevent demineralisation ex vivo was compared with that of a fluoride varnish, Duraphat and a chlorhexidine-containing varnish, Cervitec. DESIGN: an ex vivo single-blind study. SETTING: Hard tissue research laboratory. MATERIALS AND METHODS: thirty bovine enamel blocks 0.5 cm x 1.5 cm were divided into 6 groups of 5 specimens. The enamel blocks were then allocated to one of 6 surface treatments. INTERVENTIONS: (1) surface left unprepared (control), (2) Duraphat application, (3) Cervitec application, (4) experimental polymer coating, (5) enamel conditioned with 10% citric acid and coated with the experimental polymer coating Odyssey (O + C), (6) enamel etched for 30 sec with 37% phosphoric acid and coated with the experimental coating (O + E). All specimens were cycled for 7 days through a daily procedure of demineralisation for 4 hours and remineralisation for 20 hours, and exposed to an equivalent of 2 months toothbrushing. A single operator blinded to the treatment allocation of each specimen carried artificial lesion depth assessment out using computer-assisted transverse microradiography. RESULTS: The control group had the greatest mean lesion depth (97.16 + 29.8 microm) with the Duraphat group exhibiting the lowest mean lesion depth (24.53 + 15.44 microm). The Duraphat, Odyssey, O + C and O + E groups all had significantly less lesion depth when compared with no surface preparation (p < 0.05 for all comparisons). There were no significant differences between any of the Odyssey groups. CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of Duraphat application in preventing demineralisation ex vivo has been demonstrated in the present study, but clinical trials are required to assess its usefulness in orthodontic practice.  (+info)

Effects of thymol on calcium and potassium currents in canine and human ventricular cardiomyocytes. (7/92)

1. Concentration-dependent effects of thymol (1 - 1000 microM) was studied on action potential configuration and ionic currents in isolated canine ventricular cardiomyocytes using conventional microelectrode and patch clamp techniques. 2. Low concentration of thymol (10 microM) removed the notch of the action potential, whereas high concentrations (100 microM or higher) caused an additional shortening of action potential duration accompanied by progressive depression of plateau and reduction of V(max). 3. In the canine cells L-type Ca current (I(Ca)) was decreased by thymol in a concentration-dependent manner (EC(50): 158+/-7 microM, Hill coeff.: 2.96+/-0.43). In addition, thymol (50 - 250 microM) accelerated the inactivation of I(Ca), increased the time constant of recovery from inactivation, shifted the steady-state inactivation curve of I(Ca) leftwards, but voltage dependence of activation remained unaltered. Qualitatively similar results were obtained with thymol in ventricular myocytes isolated from healthy human hearts. 4. Thymol displayed concentration-dependent suppressive effects on potassium currents: the transient outward current, I(to) (EC(50): 60.6+/-11.4 microM, Hill coeff.: 1.03+/-0.11), the rapid component of the delayed rectifier, I(Kr) (EC(50): 63.4+/-6.1 microM, Hill coeff.: 1.29+/-0.15), and the slow component of the delayed rectifier, I(Ks) (EC(50): 202+/-11 microM, Hill coeff.: 0.72+/-0.14), however, K channel kinetics were not much altered by thymol. These effects on Ca and K currents developed rapidly (within 0.5 min) and were readily reversible. 5. In conclusion, thymol suppressed cardiac ionic channels in a concentration-dependent manner, however, both drug-sensitivities as well as the mechanism of action seems to be different when blocking calcium and potassium channels.  (+info)

Influence of the spatulation of two zinc oxide-eugenol-based sealers on the obturation of lateral canals. (8/92)

The objective of this research was to evaluate, in vitro, the importance of the correct manipulation of endodontic sealers, correlating it with flow rate and with the consequent obturation of root canals. Twenty-four human canines were prepared, 1 mm from the apex, with K-files up to size 50, by means of the step-back technique. Six lateral canals were then drilled in each tooth, with size 10 file fixed to a low-speed handpiece. The teeth were randomly divided into 4 groups, and root canals were obturated either with the Endomethasoneregister mark or target sealer or Grossman sealer, prepared at ideal or incorrect clinical consistency. After obturation by means of the lateral condensation technique, the teeth were radiographed and evaluated as to the number of sealed lateral canals. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences (p < 0.001) between the tested sealers, and indicated the higher capacity of the well-manipulated Grossman sealer to fill lateral canals. It can be concluded that the flow rate of a sealer and its correct manipulation are very important for the satisfactory obturation of lateral canals.  (+info)

Thymol is not a medical condition or term, but rather it's an organic compound that is commonly used in the medical and pharmaceutical fields. Thymol is a natural monoterpene phenol derivative of cymene, found in oil of thyme and other essential oils. It has antiseptic, antibiotic, and antifungal properties, which makes it useful as a disinfectant and preservative in various medical and dental applications.

In some contexts, thymol may be used to treat conditions related to fungal or bacterial infections, but it is not typically used as a standalone treatment. Instead, it's often combined with other active ingredients in medications such as mouthwashes, throat lozenges, and topical creams.

It's important to note that thymol should be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional, as its misuse or overuse can lead to adverse effects.

"Lippia" is a genus of plants in the verbena family, Verbenaceae. Some species of Lippia are used in traditional medicine and have been studied for their potential medicinal properties. For example, Lippia citriodora (also known as lemon balm) has been used in herbal medicine for its calming and sedative effects. Lippia graveolens (also known as Mexican oregano) is used as a spice and has been studied for its potential anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. However, it's important to note that the use of these plants as medicine should be done under the guidance of a healthcare professional, as they can interact with other medications and have potential side effects.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but the term "Thymus Plant" refers to a type of plant and does not have a medical definition. The Thymus plant belongs to the mint family and is commonly used as an herb in cooking. It is known for its small, fragrant leaves and is often used to add flavor to dishes. In some cases, the essential oil from the thymus plant may be used in medicinal products, such as throat lozenges or mouthwashes, due to its antiseptic properties. However, a "Thymus plant" itself does not have a medical definition. If you have any questions about medicinal plants or herbs, I'd be happy to try and help answer those for you!

Volatile oils, also known as essential oils, are a type of organic compound that are naturally produced in plants. They are called "volatile" because they evaporate quickly at room temperature due to their high vapor pressure. These oils are composed of complex mixtures of various compounds, including terpenes, terpenoids, aldehydes, ketones, esters, and alcohols. They are responsible for the characteristic aroma and flavor of many plants and are often used in perfumes, flavors, and aromatherapy. In a medical context, volatile oils may have therapeutic properties and be used in certain medications or treatments, but it's important to note that they can also cause adverse reactions if not used properly.

Monoterpenes are a class of terpenes that consist of two isoprene units and have the molecular formula C10H16. They are major components of many essential oils found in plants, giving them their characteristic fragrances and flavors. Monoterpenes can be further classified into various subgroups based on their structural features, such as acyclic (e.g., myrcene), monocyclic (e.g., limonene), and bicyclic (e.g., pinene) compounds. In the medical field, monoterpenes have been studied for their potential therapeutic properties, including anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and anticancer activities. However, more research is needed to fully understand their mechanisms of action and clinical applications.

'Origanum' is not a medical term itself, but it is the genus name for a group of plants that includes oregano and marjoram. These plants are part of the Lamiaceae family, also known as the mint family.

Oregano, specifically Origanum vulgare, has been used in traditional medicine for its antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties. The essential oil of oregano is rich in carvacrol and thymol, which are believed to contribute to its medicinal effects. However, it's important to note that the scientific evidence supporting these uses is limited, and more research is needed before any definitive medical claims can be made.

Marjoram, Origanum majorana, has also been used in traditional medicine for various purposes, including as a digestive aid, an antispasmodic, and a sedative. Its essential oil contains compounds such as terpinen-4-ol and γ-terpinene, which may have medicinal properties. However, similarly to oregano, more research is needed before any firm medical conclusions can be drawn about the use of marjoram in treatment.

Eugenol is defined in medical terms as a phenolic compound that is the main active component of oil of cloves, which is derived from the clove tree (Syzygium aromaticum). It has been used in dentistry for its analgesic and antibacterial properties. In addition, eugenol is used in perfumes, flavorings, and as a local antiseptic and anesthetic in medical applications. It's also used in some mouthwashes and toothpastes. However, it can cause allergic reactions in some people, so its use should be monitored carefully.

Leukocyte cell migration assays are in vitro tests used to measure the movement or migration of leukocytes (white blood cells) through a porous membrane from one chamber to another. These assays are commonly used in immunology and inflammation research to study the mechanisms that regulate leukocyte migration, which is an important process in the immune response.

There are several types of leukocyte cell migration assays, including Boyden chamber assays, Transwell migration assays, and Zigmond chamber assays. These assays typically involve placing leukocytes in the upper chamber of a device separated from the lower chamber by a porous membrane. The lower chamber contains a chemoattractant, such as a chemokine or bacterial product, which stimulates the migration of the leukocytes through the membrane to the lower chamber.

The number of leukocytes that migrate to the lower chamber is then measured and used to calculate the rate of migration. The assay can be modified to study different aspects of leukocyte migration, such as the role of specific receptors or signaling pathways, by adding inhibitors or blocking antibodies to the upper chamber.

Overall, leukocyte cell migration assays are a valuable tool for studying the mechanisms that regulate leukocyte migration and for identifying potential therapeutic targets for inflammatory diseases.

... was first synthesized by Swedish chemist Oskar Widman in 1882. An in vitro study found thymol and carvacrol to be highly ... Thymol is also used as a rapidly degrading, non-persisting pesticide. Thymol can also be used as a medical disinfectant and ... Thymol also provides the distinctive, strong flavor of the culinary herb thyme, also produced from T. vulgaris. Thymol is only ... Thymol absorbs maximum UV radiation at 274 nm. Thymol is produced by the alkylation of m-cresol and propene: CH3C6H4OH + ...
"Thymol Blue." The Merck Index. 14th ed. 2006. Accessed via web on 2007-02-25. Thymol Blue "Thymol blue". pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih. ... Thymol blue has different structures at different pH. thymol blue. It may cause irritation. Its toxicological properties have ... p. 1. "Thymol blue". PubChem. Retrieved 2017-10-09. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thymol blue. PubChem entry (Articles ... Thymol blue (thymolsulfonephthalein) is a brownish-green or reddish-brown crystalline powder that is used as a pH indicator. It ...
... thymol; and hexacosanol. In total, 22 flavonoids, maltol glucoside, phenolics, seven cyanogenic glycosides, monoterpenoids, ...
"Thymol (CID=6989)". NIH. Archived from the original on 12 July 2018. Retrieved 26 February 2017. THYMOL is a phenol obtained ... contains the monoterpene thymol, an antiseptic and antifungal. Thymol is one of many terpenes found in plants. Medicinal plants ... Some have medicinal uses: for example, thymol is an antiseptic and was once used as a vermifuge (anti-worm medicine). The ...
"Thymol (CID=6989)". NIH. Retrieved 26 February 2017. THYMOL is a phenol obtained from thyme oil or other volatile oils used as ... contains the monoterpene thymol, an antiseptic and antifungal. Thymol is one of many terpenes found in plants. Terpenes are ... Some have had medicinal uses: thymol is an antiseptic and was once used as a vermifuge (anti-worm medicine). The essential oil ...
"Powder NMR crystallography of thymol". Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11 (15): 2610-21. Bibcode:2009PCCP...11.2610S. doi:10.1039/ ...
Zarrini G, Bahari-Delgosha Z, Mollazadeh-Moghaddam K, Shahverdi AR (2010). "Post-antibacterial effect of thymol". ...
Manley's thymol recipe has also proven useful in controlling Varroa mites. Manley's recipe has become a standard and even if ... "Thymol Crystals, Usage in beekeeping". dave-cushman.net. 10 June 2006. Retrieved 1 May 2009. Randy Oliver. "The "Nosema Twins ... R. O. B. Manley propagated the idea of using thymol in syrup intended for winter feeding to prevent fermentation and the growth ... His original recipe was one ounce of thymol crystals dissolved in five fluid ounces of surgical spirit to make the stock ...
Oregano oil, contains thymol and carvacrol Orris oil is extracted from the roots of the Florentine iris (Iris florentina), Iris ... Ajwain oil, distilled from the leaves of (Carum copticum). Oil contains 35-65% thymol. Angelica root oil, distilled from the ...
Trilene was stabilised with 0.01% thymol. TCE replaced earlier anesthetics chloroform and ether in the 1940s, but was itself ...
Menthol, hinokitiol and thymol are also used in oral hygiene products. Thymol also has antiseptic and disinfectant properties. ... ISBN 978-0-08-091283-7. "R.E.D. FACTS: Thymol" (PDF). United States Environmental Protection Agency. "Camphor Cream and ... menthol and thymol. Ascaridole, camphor and eucalyptol are monoterpenes that have pharmaceutical use. A study suggests that a ...
1987). Thymol derivatives from Calea nelsonii. Phytochemistry 26(9), 2577-79. Mayagoitia, L., et al. (1986). ...
1998). Thymol derivatives from Carpesium divaricatum. Archives of Pharmacal Research 21(5), 618-20. Moon, H. I. and O. Zee. ( ...
thymol (red thyme), or Thymus vulgaris ct. geraniol (sweet thyme), etc. Such an indication has no taxonomic standing. Because ... depending on whether the dominant component of the essential oil is thymol, carvacrol, linalool, geraniol, sabinene hydrate ( ...
The plant contains thymol, an antiseptic and fungicide. Unlike the most familiar Monarda species that have a single flower head ...
He prepared thymol, and fennel and lemon oils. Owing to deceitful dealings on the part of his partners, he closed the business ...
Carvacrol Cymene Thymol Antimicrobial activity against Listeria monocytogenes.[clarification needed] "The Plant List: A Working ... 2009). "Liposomal incorporation of carvacrol and thymol isolated from the essential oil of Origanum dictamnus L. and in vitro ...
It also serves as a component of universal indicator, together with methyl red, bromothymol blue, and thymol blue. ... Thymolphthalein is a related laxative made from thymol. Despite concerns regarding its carcinogenicity based on rodent studies ...
The antiseptic ingredient in the product is thymol.[citation needed] Formula: an oral care brand from Indonesia since 1984, it ...
... can be synthesized from thymol and phthalic anhydride. Phenolphthalein "Thymolphthalein". pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih. ...
Although eugenol and thymol are too toxic and not potent enough to be used clinically, these findings led to the development of ... Eugenol and thymol possess general anesthetic properties. Like many other anesthetic agents, these 2-alkyl(oxy)phenols act as ...
A Study of the Action of Ammonia on Thymol. Bibliolife. p. 26. ISBN 978-1-110-61089-1. Retrieved 2012-01-25. Since his day the ...
The plant contains the chemical compounds thymol, carvacrol and cedrol.[citation needed] The Plant List: A Working List of All ...
... contains thymol, a volatile substance which sublimates in the air depending on temperature. On release, thymol vapour ... Through volatilisation, thymol vapour concentrations build up in the hive. These are highly toxic to the varroa mites, but do ... For optimal control, appropriate concentrations of thymol vapour must be maintained for six to eight weeks. Best efficacy is ... between the bee-hive strips and the hive cover to improve the evaporation of thymol. Do not place plastic cover foils directly ...
Its essential oil contains 72.83-94.76% thymol, quite a bit more than thyme (Thymus vulgaris) itself. Sp. Pl.: 203 (1753) " ... "Thymol, thyme, and other plant sources: Health and potential uses". Phytotherapy Research. 32 (9): 1688-1706. doi:10.1002/ptr. ...
Fields, Shari L.; Soderberg, Bjora C. (1996). "Expedient Synthesis of Espintanol, p-Methoxycaracrol and Thymol Dimethyl Ether ...
British Pharmacopoeia Thymol Essential oil "Carvacrol data sheet from Sigma-Aldrich". "Front Matter". Nomenclature of Organic ... Mazza, G.; Kiehn, F. A.; Marshall, H. H. (1993). "Monarda: A source of geraniol, linalool, thymol and carvacrol-rich essential ... Liolios, C. C.; Gortzi, O.; Lalas, S.; Tsaknis, J.; Chinou, I. (2009). "Liposomal incorporation of carvacrol and thymol ... Ghasemi Pirbalouti, A.; Rahimmalek, M.; Malekpoor, F.; Karimi, A. (2011). "Variation in antibacterial activity, thymol and ...
He is credited for introducing thymol as a treatment for hookworm. "Kahler-Bozzolo disease": (also "Kahler's disease") a fatal ...
A Study of the Action of Ammonia on Thymol (1913) Eminent Chemists of Our Time (1920) Jews in the Field of Modern Science (1920 ... His doctoral thesis was on the reaction of ammonia with thymol. Harrow was assistant professor at Fordham University Medical ...
... and thymol (12.8%). Air dried aerial parts from S. thymbra collected in Lebanon and which were submitted to steam distillation ... and thymol (18.82%). The pesticidal property of the plant's volatile essential oil and other constituents were tested against ...
Thymol was first synthesized by Swedish chemist Oskar Widman in 1882. An in vitro study found thymol and carvacrol to be highly ... Thymol is also used as a rapidly degrading, non-persisting pesticide. Thymol can also be used as a medical disinfectant and ... Thymol also provides the distinctive, strong flavor of the culinary herb thyme, also produced from T. vulgaris. Thymol is only ... Thymol absorbs maximum UV radiation at 274 nm. Thymol is produced by the alkylation of m-cresol and propene: CH3C6H4OH + ...
Thymol absorbs maximum UV radiation at 274 nm. (en). *티몰(thymol, 2-isopropyl-5-methylphenol, IPMP)은 (C10H14O)의 천연 모노터펜 페놀 파생물이다 ... Thymol absorbs maximum UV radiation at 274 nm. (en). *티몰(thymol, 2-isopropyl-5-methylphenol, IPMP)은 (C10H14O)의 천연 모노터펜 페놀 파생물이다 ... 百里酚(英語:Thymol)即麝香草酚为一个单萜,是对异丙基甲苯(对伞花烃)的酚衍生物。其分子式
THYMOL (UNII: 3J50XA376E) (THYMOL - UNII:3J50XA376E) THYMOL. 0.063 g in 100 mL. ... eucalyptol 0.091 % / thymol 0.063 % Topical Lotion. PSN. 2. 1356343. eucalyptol 0.91 MG/ML / thymol 0.63 MG/ML Topical Lotion. ... BIOCENCE- eucalyptol, thymol lotion. To receive this label RSS feed. Copy the URL below and paste it into your RSS Reader ... BIOCENCE- eucalyptol, thymol lotion. If this SPL contains inactivated NDCs listed by the FDA initiated compliance action, they ...
Thymus vulgaris oil*. 100% des ingrédients sont dorigine naturelle. 100% des ingrédients sont *issus de lagriculture biologique. Contrôlé par Bureau Veritas selon le référentiel Cosmos Standard disponible sur le site www.cosmos-standard.org. ...
... thymol in a sentence with 6 example sentences on YourDictionary. ... Thymol has a strong odour of thyme and a pungent taste, and is ... Thymol iodide, official in the United States, is a compound of iodine and thymol; it is also known as aristol or annidalin. ... Halothane contains thymol as a stabilizing agent and is stored in dark bottles as it is decomposed by ultraviolet light. ... A saturated solution (1 in woo of warm water), thymol gauze and an ointment are used. ...
These results show that thymol and terpineol can normalize the level of P. acnes and S epidermidis in acne to a state that is ... A facial cleanser containing thymol and terpineol reduced Propionibacterium acnes burden and improved acne symptoms. 23rd Asia- ... The acne volunteers were given a facial cleanser containing thymol and terpineol to use twice daily for four weeks, while the ... To better understand the impact of thymol and terpineol on acne microbiome, a clinical study was conducted involving 30 acne ...
Thymol Crystal Suppliers in Tinsukia, exporters and wholesaler †... Get Thymol Crystal in Tinsukia from Thymol Crystal Manufacturers in Tinsukia, ... How makes your Thymol Crystal different?. The Thymol Crystal by us is different on the attributes mentioned below:. *Natures ... Is expert advice available for Thymol Crystal?. For any expert advice related to Thymol Crystal, you can call us on +91- ...
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Tag: thymol. Posted on October 12, 2016. March 15, 2017. by admin Two Queens in One Hive. Most beekeeping books and beekeepers ... Did the prolific queen cause the hive to swarm? Did the mite treatment, Thymol with oxalic dribble every seven days, cause the ... Tags: mites, mother daughter queens, oxalic acid dribble, swarm, thymol, two queens in a hive ...
Tag: thymol. How To Grow and Use Thyme In Texas. How to grow Thyme transplants from root divisions, or by rooting in water are ...
The top brands, such as Thymol Autoclave, have high-tech and secure infrastructural units that assist the employees with ... Thymol Autoclave, India is engaged in manufacturing, supplying, and exporting Autoclaves both in standard and custom designs. ... Copyright © 2020-2021 Thymol Autoclave All Rights Reserved , Developed By: Intellistall Pvt. Ltd. ...
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Thymol, 98%,MFCD00002309,2-Isopropyl-5-methylphenol,5-Methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)phenol,5-Methyl-2-isopropylphenol ...
Steam autoclave with a door that opens to the side - an excellent steam Thymol Autoclave that operates using hot air and is ... Thymol Autoclave, India is engaged in manufacturing, supplying, and exporting Autoclaves both in standard and custom designs. ... The professional team of Thymol Autoclave is knowledgeable and experienced in all the latest developments in laboratory ... Autoclave from a professional company: Thymol Autoclave. More scientific technologies provide equipment for biological ...
Thymol: a natural and powerful antimicrobial ingredient. Thymox is a line of broad spectrum disinfectants that rely on thymol ... So what is thymol, exactly?. Thymol is derived from thyme oil extracted from the aromatic, ornamental thyme plant found in most ... How thymol kills pathogens. While thymol is safe for user and the environment, it is a natural and highly effective ... Thymol: Is it effective against the COVID-19 virus?. Yes! Thymol in Thymox products kills viruses, including the coronavirus ...
Thymol boils at 230° C. (446° F.) (Doveri and Lallemand).. Tests.-"If a very small crystal of thymol be dissolved in 1 Cc. of ... Pharm., 1882, p. 521). Larger quantities of thymol occur in the oil of horsemint (see Monarda). Thymol exists in oil of thyme, ... B. Kussner has found that from 3 to 5 drops of a 1 per cent solution of thymol is beneficial in diarrhoea of children. Thymol ... In making solutions of thymol with glycerin and water, it is best to triturate the thymol in a mortar with a small portion of ...
Thymol) Art-Nr.10601. Plant Part: Herb. Botanical Name: Thymus vulgaris. Chem-typ: Thymol ca. 30%. Origin: Croatia. Extraction ...
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The mRNA abundance of IL-8 and TNF-α was reduced by thymol pre-treatment (P < 0.05), but thymol was unable to improve the gene ... but these effects were attenuated by thymol (P < 0.05). Moreover, thymol increased zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) and actin staining ... Cells were pre-treated with thymol for 1 h and then exposed to LPS for various assays. Interleukin 8 (IL-8) secretion, the mRNA ... The protective effects of thymol on pig intestine during inflammation is yet to be investigated. In this study, an in vitro ( ...
Intrinsic activity of thymol on human GABAA receptors. Cells expressing 1 3 2s did not respond directly to 1−50 M thymol (the ... Thymol is a weak agonist on Drosophila melanogaster RDLac GABA receptors. A small-amplitude, direct agonist action of thymol ... in a substantial reduction in thymol activity; no significant reduction in thymol activity occurred, suggesting that thymol ... Thymol, 1−100 M, potentiated the EC20 GABA response when coapplied for 15−30 s, following a 2 min preapplication of thymol ...
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However, carvacrol and thymol suppressed (p < 0.0001) individual and total VFA. Thymol resulted in a greater (p = 0.013) A/P ... Whereas garlic oil and thymol suppressed methanogens, carvacrol did not differ from the control suggesting that thymol is more ... carvacrol and thymol reduced total gas output from 51.33 ml at day 3 to 39.67 ml at day 9. Although carvacrol and thymol ... 3] also observed an increase in the A/P ratio in thymol. Contrary to reports by Martinez et al. [36] who used an essential oil ...
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  • Thymol (also known as 2-isopropyl-5-methylphenol, IPMP), C10H14O, is a natural monoterpenoid phenol derivative of p-Cymene, isomeric with carvacrol, found in oil of thyme, and extracted from Thymus vulgaris (common thyme), ajwain, and various other plants as a white crystalline substance of a pleasant aromatic odor and strong antiseptic properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • An in vitro study found thymol and carvacrol to be highly effective in reducing the minimum inhibitory concentration of several antibiotics against zoonotic pathogens and food spoilage bacteria such as Salmonella typhimurium SGI 1 and Streptococcus pyogenes ermB. (wikipedia.org)
  • El Timol (Thymol), fórmula química C10H14O,(també conegut com a 2-isopropil-5-metilfenol), (IPMP) és un compost químic natural, un monoterpè derivat del cimè, C10H14O, isomèric amb el carvacrol, que es troba en l'oli essencial del timó (altrament dit farigola) i que s'extreu com una substància cristal·lina blanca d'olor agradable i aromàtic i amb fortes propietats antisèptiques. (dbpedia.org)
  • Thymol is a phenol ( iso-propyl-meta-cresol ), and is isomeric with carvacrol ( iso-propyl-ortho-cresol ). (henriettes-herb.com)
  • Treatments were: garlic oil, carvacrol and thymol, each at a final concentration of 300 mg/l. (annexpublishers.co)
  • Indications of rumen microbial adaptation were observed in carvacrol and thymol as CH 4 significantly increased from almost complete inhibition at day 3 to almost 5 % of total gas at day 9. (annexpublishers.co)
  • Carvacrol and thymol suppressed overall fermentation, resulting in lower (p (annexpublishers.co)
  • The effects of carvacrol and thymol on fermentation parameters suggested that these supplements lower CH 4 indirectly by suppressing overall fermentation whereas garlic oil selectively inhibits methanogens directly. (annexpublishers.co)
  • We concluded that rumen microbes adapted to carvacrol and thymol. (annexpublishers.co)
  • Carvacrol and thymol are related phenolic compounds found in essential oils of thyme and oreganum [ 8 ]. (annexpublishers.co)
  • New thymol and carvacrol derivatives with the carbamate moiety were synthesized and their inhibitory effects on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) were evaluated. (bezmialem.edu.tr)
  • Thyme essential oil has carvacrol and thymol. (webmd.com)
  • mykind Organics Oil of Oregano Seasonal Drops † are rich in unique compounds such as Carvacrol and Thymol. (gardenoflife.com)
  • Timolo aŭ kamforo de timiano estas kristala senkolora substanco kun karakteriza akre agrabla odoro trovata en naturo ĉefe en la esencoleoj de Thymus vulgaris kaj Origanum vulgare. (dbpedia.org)
  • El timol (2-isopropil-5-metilfenol) es una sustancia cristalina incolora con un olor característico que está presente en la naturaleza en los aceites esenciales del tomillo (Thymus vulgaris) o del orégano (Origanum majorana), que se encuentra a la vez el cimeno y el , demostró también su existencia en la esencia de monarda (Monarda punctata) y el químico escocés en la de Ptychotis ajowan. (dbpedia.org)
  • The Thymus vulgaris and Thymus zygis species were chosen specifically for their essential oils rich in thymol. (thymox.com)
  • The main bioactive component of Thymus vulgaris is essential oil made up of 20% to 54% thymol. (thymox.com)
  • Thymol is a constituent of oil of thyme, a naturally occurring mixture of compounds in the plant Thymus vulgaris L., or thyme. (onerbio.com)
  • Counted among the leading Thymol Crystal Exporters and Suppliers in Tinsukia , we have established our presence worldwide and serve our products timely to every nook and corner possible. (kmmenthol.com)
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  • VedaOils is one of the leading Wholesale suppliers, manufacturer, and exporters of Thymol Crystal in USA. (vedaoils.com)
  • On February 23, the committee voted to place thymol iodide on the list and not to place silver protein mild on the list. (medscape.com)
  • Thymol is derived from thyme oil extracted from the aromatic, ornamental thyme plant found in most people's herb and spice rack. (thymox.com)
  • the thymol of commerce being derived from thyme oil. (henriettes-herb.com)
  • Thymol is an antiseptic and disinfectant, and is considered by many who have experimented with it, to be superior, in these respects, to carbolic acid. (henriettes-herb.com)
  • Thymol Crystal is known for its powerful antiseptic and disinfectant properties. (vedaoils.com)
  • Delivering quality Thymol Crystal at an affordable rate is one of the major aspects that make us count among the reliable Thymol Crystal Manufacturers in India. (kmmenthol.com)
  • Ltd. is one of the remarkable Thymol Crystals Manufacturers in India who offer you 100% pure and safe mint products. (naturalmint.in)
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  • Its alcoholic solution is optically inactive"-(U. S. P.). Being a phenol, thymol readily dissolves in caustic alkalies and is regenerated by acids, even carbonic acid (see Preparation , above). (henriettes-herb.com)
  • This is the thymol, 5-methyl-2-(propan-2-yl)phenol Harmonized Classification and Labeling Consultation. (freyrsolutions.com)
  • For thymol, 5-methyl-2-(propan-2-yl)phenol, the proposal format combines the draft renewal assessment report prepared according to the Plant Protection Products Regulation and the proposal for CLH under the CLP regulation. (freyrsolutions.com)
  • The top brands, such as Thymol Autoclave , have high-tech and secure infrastructural units that assist the employees with manufacturing the products. (thymolautoclave.com)
  • Steam autoclave with a door that opens to the side - an excellent steam Thymol Autoclave that operates using hot air and is intended for the proper disinfection of containers and appliances in the laboratory: metal parts, plastic, glassware, rubber components, etc.For the pharmaceutical industry, medicine, laboratories, and more. (thymolautoclave.com)
  • The professional team of Thymol Autoclave is knowledgeable and experienced in all the latest developments in laboratory equipment and is proud to provide professional and high-quality service to old companies and start-ups at the beginning of their careers alike. (thymolautoclave.com)
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  • Thymol is only slightly soluble in water at neutral pH, but it is extremely soluble in alcohols and other organic solvents. (wikipedia.org)
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  • The organic compound thymol, with a melting temperature of 48°C, can be used to give students an opportunity to experiment with the effects of cooling rate on crystal size. (carleton.edu)
  • Thymol (Thyme Camphor): a white crystals with camphor like odor, is a phenolic compound obtained naturally from thyme oil (or other volatile oils) or prepared synthetically. (beauty104.com.tw)
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  • In vitro studies have found thymol to be useful as an antifungal against food spoilage and bovine mastitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thymol demonstrates in vitro post-antibacterial effect against the test strains E. coli and P. aeruginosa (gram negative), and Staphylococcus aureus and B. cereus (gram positive). (wikipedia.org)
  • At the same time , an observational study was conducted to investigate the in vitro antifungal effect of thymol edible coating (TKL) on C. fioriniae. (bvsalud.org)
  • and "green," 0.05% by weight thymol, a component of botanical thyme oil) or distilled water as a control. (cdc.gov)
  • The antifungal nature of thymol against some fungi that are pathogenic to plants is due to its ability to alter the hyphal morphology and cause hyphal aggregates, resulting in reduced hyphal diameters and lyses of the hyphal wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies have shown that hydrocarbon monoterpenes and thymol in particular degrade rapidly (DT50 16 days in water, 5 days in soil) in the environment and are, thus, low risks because of rapid dissipation and low bound residues, supporting the use of thymol as a pesticide agent that offers a safe alternative to other more persistent chemical pesticides that can be dispersed in runoff and produce subsequent contamination. (wikipedia.org)
  • As reported separately, we have shown that the plant derived monoterpenes of thymol and terpineol act synergistically with cutaneous antimicrobial lipids against a wide range of bacteria. (hilarispublisher.com)
  • Thymox is a line of broad spectrum disinfectants that rely on thymol to kill 99.99% of bacteria, viruses, fungi and molds. (thymox.com)
  • Today, thymol is also considered a pesticide, i.e., a substance that kills germs including bacteria, fungi, and other plant parasites, and is a key ingredient in Thymox products. (thymox.com)
  • Once cell walls and membranes have been damaged and cell content leaks out, bacteria, viruses, mold, fungi and yeast are killed as they come into contact with the thymol. (thymox.com)
  • Thymol Crystal is a key ingredient in mouthwashes, toothpaste, and oral hygiene products due to its ability to combat bacteria and plaque, promoting healthy gums and fresh breath. (vedaoils.com)
  • Thymol can also be used as a medical disinfectant and general purpose disinfectant. (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of high ranked preservatives is available in the Thymol Crystal . (kmmenthol.com)
  • The antibacterial properties of thymol, a major part of thyme essential oil, as well as other constituents, are in part associated with their lipophilic character, leading to accumulation in bacterial membranes and subsequent membrane-associated events, such as energy depletion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thymol, an essential oil extracted from thyme plant, exhibits outstanding antibacterial properties, but more importantly, it proves to be much more compatible to skin cells in comparison to some conventionally used antibiotic drugs and chemicals. (onerbio.com)
  • The bee balms Monarda fistulosa and Monarda didyma, North American wildflowers, are natural sources of thymol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Larger quantities of thymol occur in the oil of horsemint (see Monarda ). (henriettes-herb.com)
  • Thymol is also used as a rapidly degrading, non-persisting pesticide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thymol is an active ingredient in pesticide products registered for use as animal repellents, fungicides/fungistats, medical disinfectants, tuberculocides, and virucides. (onerbio.com)
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  • In 1853, French chemist Alexandre Lallemand named thymol and determined its empirical formula. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was purified, in 1853, by M. Lallemand, who gave it the name "thymol," and ascribed the formula (old notation) C 20 H 14 O 2 , the same being accepted at the present day as correct, corresponding to C 10 H 14 O of the new notation. (henriettes-herb.com)
  • Thymol boils at 230° C. (446° F.) (Doveri and Lallemand). (henriettes-herb.com)
  • Is there any preservative available in Thymol Crystal? (kmmenthol.com)
  • Thymol Crystal is used as a natural preservative in the food industry to extend the shelf life of various products. (vedaoils.com)
  • Thymol is an active botanical ingredient and an effective, natural alternative to the wide array of often hazardous and common disinfectants available on the market. (thymox.com)
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  • Thymol is known for its antimicrobial effectiveness and fresh aroma. (thymox.com)
  • While thymol is safe for user and the environment, it is a natural and highly effective antimicrobial ingredient. (thymox.com)
  • Acute and chronic (or sub-chronic) toxicity of five selected antimicrobial agents, including triclosan (TCS), triclocarban (TCC), resorcinol, phenoxyethanol and p-thymol, was investigated using the conventional three-aquatic-organism battery. (elsevierpure.com)
  • This study developed an edible antimicrobial coating using a blend of konjac glucomannan (KGM) and low acyl gellan gum (LAG) hydrogel to incorporate thymol nanoparticles (TKL). (cabi.org)
  • Thymol Edible Coating Controls Postharvest Anthracnose by Regulating the Synthesis Pathway of Okra Lignin. (bvsalud.org)
  • Effects of konjac glucan-nan/low-acyl gellan edible coatings loaded thymol-β-cyclodextrin microcapsules on postharvest blueberry. (cabi.org)
  • Our Thymol Crystals is used in various industries and has effectiveness, natural properties, and long-shelf life, making it the first choice of everyone. (mentholcristales.com)
  • Effectiveness of chlorhexidine-thymol varnish in preventing caries lesions in primary molars. (bvsalud.org)
  • Thymol has been used to successfully control varroa mites and prevent fermentation and the growth of mold in bee colonies. (wikipedia.org)
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  • Thymol in Thymox products kills viruses, including the coronavirus that causes COVID-19. (thymox.com)
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  • Attendees will examine typical products of thymol cooling-rate experiments, evaluate how well the experiments support the textbook model, and consider possible causes of discrepancies. (carleton.edu)
  • Thymol (též známý jako isopropylmethylfenol, IPMP, isopropyl-m-kresol nebo hydroxycymen), je monoterpenový fenolový derivát cymenu, C10H14OH, izomerický s karvakrolem a obsažený v silici tymiánu. (dbpedia.org)
  • Thymol is also the active antiseptic ingredient in some toothpastes, such as Johnson & Johnson's Euthymol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thymol improves digestion by relaxing smooth muscles, prevents menstrual cramps, attenuates respiratory problems and is an active ingredient used in food flavorings, topical ointments, various soaps, toothpastes, shampoos, deodorants and mouthwashes. (onerbio.com)
  • Thymol Crystal is utilized as an ingredient in insect repellents due to its ability to deter pests such as mosquitoes, flies, and ants. (vedaoils.com)
  • If you are thymol crystal manufacturer in agra suffering from ringworm infections then mixing thymol crystal manufacturer in agra with alcoholic solutions can benefit a ton. (navyanshiexport.com)
  • or, the thyme oil may be agitated with solution of caustic soda, the hydrocarbons forming the tipper layer are removed, and the lower solution containing the thymolate of sodium is neutralized with hydrochloric acid, when thymol will rise to the surface, and may be purified by crystallization from its alcoholic solution. (henriettes-herb.com)
  • Its broad spectrum of benefits positions Thymol Crystal as a valuable natural resource with a wide range of practical uses. (vedaoils.com)
  • Thymol was first synthesized by Swedish chemist Oskar Widman in 1882. (wikipedia.org)
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  • The protective effects of thymol on pig intestine during inflammation is yet to be investigated. (umanitoba.ca)
  • Thymol also provides the distinctive, strong flavor of the culinary herb thyme, also produced from T. vulgaris. (wikipedia.org)
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  • However, the mRNA abundance of ZO-1 and occludin-3 was not affected by either LPS or thymol treatments. (umanitoba.ca)
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  • When used to reduce plaque and gingivitis, thymol has been found to be more effective when used in combination with chlorhexidine than when used purely by itself. (wikipedia.org)
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  • of thymol be heated in a test-tube, in a water-bath, with 5 Cc. of a 10 per cent solution of sodium hydrate, a clear, colorless, or very slightly reddish solution should be formed, which becomes darker on standing, but without the separation of oily drops (absence of thymen , or laevogyrate pinene (C 10 H 16 ). (henriettes-herb.com)
  • Thymol Blue sodium salt was used to indicate the changes in pH to reflect ionization in multi-component drug formulations. (discofinechem.com)
  • Send us your enquiry for Thymol Blue Sodium Salt . (discofinechem.com)
  • We value your input so if you have suggestions regarding new applications for Thymol Blue Sodium Salt email us and we will include your contribution on the website. (discofinechem.com)
  • Thymol has a strong odour of thyme and a pungent taste, and is freely soluble in alcohol, ether, chloroform or olive oil, but almost insoluble in cold water. (yourdictionary.com)
  • A saturated solution (1 in woo of warm water), thymol gauze and an ointment are used. (yourdictionary.com)
  • In making solutions of thymol with glycerin and water, it is best to triturate the thymol in a mortar with a small portion of alcohol, until it is dissolved, then add the desired menstruum. (henriettes-herb.com)