Iron: A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.Iron Chelating Agents: Organic chemicals that form two or more coordination links with an iron ion. Once coordination has occurred, the complex formed is called a chelate. The iron-binding porphyrin group of hemoglobin is an example of a metal chelate found in biological systems.Iron Overload: An excessive accumulation of iron in the body due to a greater than normal absorption of iron from the gastrointestinal tract or from parenteral injection. This may arise from idiopathic hemochromatosis, excessive iron intake, chronic alcoholism, certain types of refractory anemia, or transfusional hemosiderosis. (From Churchill's Illustrated Medical Dictionary, 1989)Iron, Dietary: Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.Iron Isotopes: Stable iron atoms that have the same atomic number as the element iron, but differ in atomic weight. Fe-54, 57, and 58 are stable iron isotopes.Iron Radioisotopes: Unstable isotopes of iron that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Fe atoms with atomic weights 52, 53, 55, and 59-61 are radioactive iron isotopes.Ferritins: Iron-containing proteins that are widely distributed in animals, plants, and microorganisms. Their major function is to store IRON in a nontoxic bioavailable form. Each ferritin molecule consists of ferric iron in a hollow protein shell (APOFERRITINS) made of 24 subunits of various sequences depending on the species and tissue types.Iron Compounds: Organic and inorganic compounds that contain iron as an integral part of the molecule.Ferric Compounds: Inorganic or organic compounds containing trivalent iron.Anemia, Iron-Deficiency: Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.Transferrin: An iron-binding beta1-globulin that is synthesized in the LIVER and secreted into the blood. It plays a central role in the transport of IRON throughout the circulation. A variety of transferrin isoforms exist in humans, including some that are considered markers for specific disease states.Iron Regulatory Protein 1: A multifunctional iron-sulfur protein that is both an iron regulatory protein and cytoplasmic form of aconitate hydratase. It binds to iron regulatory elements found on mRNAs involved in iron metabolism and regulates their translation. Its RNA binding ability and its aconitate hydrolase activity are dependent upon availability of IRON.Ferrous Compounds: Inorganic or organic compounds that contain divalent iron.Iron Metabolism Disorders: Disorders in the processing of iron in the body: its absorption, transport, storage, and utilization. (From Mosby's Medical, Nursing, & Allied Health Dictionary, 4th ed)Iron Regulatory Protein 2: A multifunctional iron-sulfur protein that is both an iron regulatory protein and cytoplasmic form of aconitate hydratase. It binds to iron regulatory elements found on mRNAs involved in iron metabolism and regulates their translation. Its rate of degradation is increased in the presence of IRON.Deferoxamine: Natural product isolated from Streptomyces pilosus. It forms iron complexes and is used as a chelating agent, particularly in the mesylate form.Siderophores: Low-molecular-weight compounds produced by microorganisms that aid in the transport and sequestration of ferric iron. (The Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994)Receptors, Transferrin: Membrane glycoproteins found in high concentrations on iron-utilizing cells. They specifically bind iron-bearing transferrin, are endocytosed with its ligand and then returned to the cell surface where transferrin without its iron is released.Hepcidins: Forms of hepcidin, a cationic amphipathic peptide synthesized in the liver as a prepropeptide which is first processed into prohepcidin and then into the biologically active hepcidin forms, including in human the 20-, 22-, and 25-amino acid residue peptide forms. Hepcidin acts as a homeostatic regulators of iron metabolism and also possesses antimicrobial activity.Iron-Dextran Complex: A complex of ferric oxyhydroxide with dextrans of 5000 to 7000 daltons in a viscous solution containing 50 mg/ml of iron. It is supplied as a parenteral preparation and is used as a hematinic. (Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p1292)Anemia, Hypochromic: Anemia characterized by a decrease in the ratio of the weight of hemoglobin to the volume of the erythrocyte, i.e., the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration is less than normal. The individual cells contain less hemoglobin than they could have under optimal conditions. Hypochromic anemia may be caused by iron deficiency from a low iron intake, diminished iron absorption, or excessive iron loss. It can also be caused by infections or other diseases, therapeutic drugs, lead poisoning, and other conditions. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Miale, Laboratory Medicine: Hematology, 6th ed, p393)Hemochromatosis: A disorder of iron metabolism characterized by a triad of HEMOSIDEROSIS; LIVER CIRRHOSIS; and DIABETES MELLITUS. It is caused by massive iron deposits in parenchymal cells that may develop after a prolonged increase of iron absorption. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Syndromes & Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed)Nonheme Iron Proteins: Proteins, usually acting in oxidation-reduction reactions, containing iron but no porphyrin groups. (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1993, pG-10)Hemoglobins: The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.Iron-Binding Proteins: Proteins that specifically bind to IRON.Cation Transport Proteins: Membrane proteins whose primary function is to facilitate the transport of positively charged molecules (cations) across a biological membrane.Iron-Regulatory Proteins: Proteins that regulate cellular and organismal iron homeostasis. They play an important biological role by maintaining iron levels that are adequate for metabolic need, but below the toxicity threshold.Apoferritins: The protein components of ferritins. Apoferritins are shell-like structures containing nanocavities and ferroxidase activities. Apoferritin shells are composed of 24 subunits, heteropolymers in vertebrates and homopolymers in bacteria. In vertebrates, there are two types of subunits, light chain and heavy chain. The heavy chain contains the ferroxidase activity.HemosiderinHeme: The color-furnishing portion of hemoglobin. It is found free in tissues and as the prosthetic group in many hemeproteins.Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides: Small cationic peptides that are an important component, in most species, of early innate and induced defenses against invading microbes. In animals they are found on mucosal surfaces, within phagocytic granules, and on the surface of the body. They are also found in insects and plants. Among others, this group includes the DEFENSINS, protegrins, tachyplesins, and thionins. They displace DIVALENT CATIONS from phosphate groups of MEMBRANE LIPIDS leading to disruption of the membrane.Glucaric Acid: A sugar acid derived from D-glucose in which both the aldehydic carbon atom and the carbon atom bearing the primary hydroxyl group are oxidized to carboxylic acid groups.Iron Carbonyl Compounds: Complex of iron atoms chelated with carbonyl ions.CeruloplasminFMN Reductase: An enzyme that utilizes NADH or NADPH to reduce FLAVINS. It is involved in a number of biological processes that require reduced flavin for their functions such as bacterial bioluminescence. Formerly listed as EC 18.104.22.168 and EC 22.214.171.124.Chelation Therapy: Therapy of heavy metal poisoning using agents which sequester the metal from organs or tissues and bind it firmly within the ring structure of a new compound which can be eliminated from the body.Intestinal Absorption: Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.Ferrozine: A ferroin compound that forms a stable magenta-colored solution with the ferrous ion. The complex has an absorption peak at 562 nm and is used as a reagent and indicator for iron.Anemia: A reduction in the number of circulating ERYTHROCYTES or in the quantity of HEMOGLOBIN.beta-Thalassemia: A disorder characterized by reduced synthesis of the beta chains of hemoglobin. There is retardation of hemoglobin A synthesis in the heterozygous form (thalassemia minor), which is asymptomatic, while in the homozygous form (thalassemia major, Cooley's anemia, Mediterranean anemia, erythroblastic anemia), which can result in severe complications and even death, hemoglobin A synthesis is absent.Iron-Sulfur Proteins: A group of proteins possessing only the iron-sulfur complex as the prosthetic group. These proteins participate in all major pathways of electron transport: photosynthesis, respiration, hydroxylation and bacterial hydrogen and nitrogen fixation.Biological Availability: The extent to which the active ingredient of a drug dosage form becomes available at the site of drug action or in a biological medium believed to reflect accessibility to a site of action.Food, Fortified: Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Pyridones: Pyridine derivatives with one or more keto groups on the ring.Magnetite Nanoparticles: Synthesized magnetic particles under 100 nanometers possessing many biomedical applications including DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and CONTRAST AGENTS. The particles are usually coated with a variety of polymeric compounds.Siderosis: A form of pneumoconiosis resulting from inhalation of iron in the mining dust or welding fumes.Phlebotomy: The techniques used to draw blood from a vein for diagnostic purposes or for treatment of certain blood disorders such as erythrocytosis, hemochromatosis, polycythemia vera, and porphyria cutanea tarda.Absorption: The physical or physiological processes by which substances, tissue, cells, etc. take up or take in other substances or energy.Homeostasis: The processes whereby the internal environment of an organism tends to remain balanced and stable.Erythrocyte Indices: ERYTHROCYTE size and HEMOGLOBIN content or concentration, usually derived from ERYTHROCYTE COUNT; BLOOD hemoglobin concentration; and HEMATOCRIT. The indices include the mean corpuscular volume (MCV), the mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), and the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC).Zinc: A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.Oxidation-Reduction: A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).Nitrilotriacetic Acid: A derivative of acetic acid, N(CH2COOH)3. It is a complexing (sequestering) agent that forms stable complexes with Zn2+. (From Miall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed.)Ferrosoferric Oxide: Iron (II,III) oxide (Fe3O4). It is a black ore of IRON that forms opaque crystals and exerts strong magnetism.Aconitate Hydratase: An enzyme that catalyzes the reversible hydration of cis-aconitate to yield citrate or isocitrate. It is one of the citric acid cycle enzymes. EC 126.96.36.199.Copper: A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Spectroscopy, Mossbauer: A spectroscopic technique which uses the Mossbauer effect (inelastic scattering of gamma radiation resulting from interaction with heavy nuclei) to monitor the small variations in the interaction between an atomic nucleus and its environment. Such variations may be induced by changes in temperature, pressure, chemical state, molecular conformation, molecular interaction, or physical site. It is particularly useful for studies of structure-activity relationship in metalloproteins, mobility of heavy metals, and the state of whole tissue and cell membranes.Enterobactin: An iron-binding cyclic trimer of 2,3-dihydroxy-N-benzoyl-L-serine. It is produced by E COLI and other enteric bacteria.Hematocrit: The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Protoporphyrins: Porphyrins with four methyl, two vinyl, and two propionic acid side chains attached to the pyrrole rings. Protoporphyrin IX occurs in hemoglobin, myoglobin, and most of the cytochromes.Hemosiderosis: Conditions in which there is a generalized increase in the iron stores of body tissues, particularly of liver and the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM, without demonstrable tissue damage. The name refers to the presence of stainable iron in the tissue in the form of hemosiderin.Ascorbic Acid: A six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Phytic Acid: Complexing agent for removal of traces of heavy metal ions. It acts also as a hypocalcemic agent.Lactoferrin: An iron-binding protein that was originally characterized as a milk protein. It is widely distributed in secretory fluids and is found in the neutrophilic granules of LEUKOCYTES. The N-terminal part of lactoferrin possesses a serine protease which functions to inactivate the TYPE III SECRETION SYSTEM used by bacteria to export virulence proteins for host cell invasion.2,2'-Dipyridyl: A reagent used for the determination of iron.Conalbumin: A glycoprotein albumin from hen's egg white with strong iron-binding affinity.Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy: A technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons. The spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments. (From McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 7th edition) Electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy is a variant of the technique which can give enhanced resolution. Electron spin resonance analysis can now be used in vivo, including imaging applications such as MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING.Biological Transport: The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.Duodenum: The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.Hematinics: Agents which improve the quality of the blood, increasing the hemoglobin level and the number of erythrocytes. They are used in the treatment of anemias.Bloodletting: Puncture of a vein to draw blood for therapeutic purposes. Bloodletting therapy has been used in Talmudic and Indian medicine since the medieval time, and was still practiced widely in the 18th and 19th centuries. Its modern counterpart is PHLEBOTOMY.Erythropoiesis: The production of red blood cells (ERYTHROCYTES). In humans, erythrocytes are produced by the YOLK SAC in the first trimester; by the liver in the second trimester; by the BONE MARROW in the third trimester and after birth. In normal individuals, the erythrocyte count in the peripheral blood remains relatively constant implying a balance between the rate of erythrocyte production and rate of destruction.Ferrichrome: A cyclic peptide consisting of three residues of delta-N-hydroxy-delta-N-acetylornithine. It acts as an iron transport agent in Ustilago sphaerogena.Trace Elements: A group of chemical elements that are needed in minute quantities for the proper growth, development, and physiology of an organism. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Oxidative Stress: A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).Deficiency Diseases: A condition produced by dietary or metabolic deficiency. The term includes all diseases caused by an insufficient supply of essential nutrients, i.e., protein (or amino acids), vitamins, and minerals. It also includes an inadequacy of calories. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)Membrane Proteins: Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a blood disease (HEMATOLOGIC DISEASES) which involves BLOOD CELLS or COAGULATION FACTORS. The hematologic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.Thalassemia: A group of hereditary hemolytic anemias in which there is decreased synthesis of one or more hemoglobin polypeptide chains. There are several genetic types with clinical pictures ranging from barely detectable hematologic abnormality to severe and fatal anemia.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Chelating Agents: Chemicals that bind to and remove ions from solutions. Many chelating agents function through the formation of COORDINATION COMPLEXES with METALS.Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial: Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.Erythropoietin: Glycoprotein hormone, secreted chiefly by the KIDNEY in the adult and the LIVER in the FETUS, that acts on erythroid stem cells of the BONE MARROW to stimulate proliferation and differentiation.Edetic Acid: A chelating agent that sequesters a variety of polyvalent cations such as CALCIUM. It is used in pharmaceutical manufacturing and as a food additive.Benzoates: Derivatives of BENZOIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxybenzene structure.Manganese: A trace element with atomic symbol Mn, atomic number 25, and atomic weight 54.94. It is concentrated in cell mitochondria, mostly in the pituitary gland, liver, pancreas, kidney, and bone, influences the synthesis of mucopolysaccharides, stimulates hepatic synthesis of cholesterol and fatty acids, and is a cofactor in many enzymes, including arginase and alkaline phosphatase in the liver. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual 1992, p2035)Hemin: Chloro(7,12-diethenyl-3,8,13,17-tetramethyl-21H,23H-porphine-2,18-dipropanoato(4-)-N(21),N(22),N(23),N(24)) ferrate(2-) dihydrogen.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Hemeproteins: Proteins that contain an iron-porphyrin, or heme, prosthetic group resembling that of hemoglobin. (From Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p480)Ferrocyanides: Inorganic salts of the hypothetical acid ferrocyanic acid (H4Fe(CN)6).Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Citric Acid: A key intermediate in metabolism. It is an acid compound found in citrus fruits. The salts of citric acid (citrates) can be used as anticoagulants due to their calcium chelating ability.Micronutrients: Essential dietary elements or organic compounds that are required in only small quantities for normal physiologic processes to occur.Histocompatibility Antigens Class I: Membrane glycoproteins consisting of an alpha subunit and a BETA 2-MICROGLOBULIN beta subunit. In humans, highly polymorphic genes on CHROMOSOME 6 encode the alpha subunits of class I antigens and play an important role in determining the serological specificity of the surface antigen. Class I antigens are found on most nucleated cells and are generally detected by their reactivity with alloantisera. These antigens are recognized during GRAFT REJECTION and restrict cell-mediated lysis of virus-infected cells.Transferrin-Binding Proteins: A class of carrier proteins that bind to TRANSFERRIN. Many strains of pathogenic bacteria utilize transferrin-binding proteins to acquire their supply of iron from serum.Blood Transfusion: The introduction of whole blood or blood component directly into the blood stream. (Dorland, 27th ed)Spectrophotometry, Atomic: Spectrophotometric techniques by which the absorption or emmision spectra of radiation from atoms are produced and analyzed.Apoproteins: The protein components of a number of complexes, such as enzymes (APOENZYMES), ferritin (APOFERRITINS), or lipoproteins (APOLIPOPROTEINS).Mononuclear Phagocyte System: Mononuclear cells with pronounced phagocytic ability that are distributed extensively in lymphoid and other organs. It includes MACROPHAGES and their precursors; PHAGOCYTES; KUPFFER CELLS; HISTIOCYTES; DENDRITIC CELLS; LANGERHANS CELLS; and MICROGLIA. The term mononuclear phagocyte system has replaced the former reticuloendothelial system, which also included less active phagocytic cells such as fibroblasts and endothelial cells. (From Illustrated Dictionary of Immunology, 2d ed.)Hemoglobinometry: Measurement of hemoglobin concentration in blood.Magnetics: The study of MAGNETIC PHENOMENA.Erythrocytes: Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.Dextrans: A group of glucose polymers made by certain bacteria. Dextrans are used therapeutically as plasma volume expanders and anticoagulants. They are also commonly used in biological experimentation and in industry for a wide variety of purposes.Oxidoreductases: The class of all enzymes catalyzing oxidoreduction reactions. The substrate that is oxidized is regarded as a hydrogen donor. The systematic name is based on donor:acceptor oxidoreductase. The recommended name will be dehydrogenase, wherever this is possible; as an alternative, reductase can be used. Oxidase is only used in cases where O2 is the acceptor. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p9)Flour: Ground up seed of WHEAT.Spectrum Analysis: The measurement of the amplitude of the components of a complex waveform throughout the frequency range of the waveform. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Metalloproteins: Proteins that have one or more tightly bound metal ions forming part of their structure. (Dorland, 28th ed)Sulfur: An element that is a member of the chalcogen family. It has an atomic symbol S, atomic number 16, and atomic weight [32.059; 32.076]. It is found in the amino acids cysteine and methionine.Hydroxyl Radical: The univalent radical OH. Hydroxyl radical is a potent oxidizing agent.Porphyrins: A group of compounds containing the porphin structure, four pyrrole rings connected by methine bridges in a cyclic configuration to which a variety of side chains are attached. The nature of the side chain is indicated by a prefix, as uroporphyrin, hematoporphyrin, etc. The porphyrins, in combination with iron, form the heme component in biologically significant compounds such as hemoglobin and myoglobin.Oxygen: An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Infant Food: Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Erythrocyte Count: The number of RED BLOOD CELLS per unit volume in a sample of venous BLOOD.Hydrogen Peroxide: A strong oxidizing agent used in aqueous solution as a ripening agent, bleach, and topical anti-infective. It is relatively unstable and solutions deteriorate over time unless stabilized by the addition of acetanilide or similar organic materials.
Synthetic iron derivatives. Protoporphyrin IX reacts with iron salts in air to give the FeCl(PPIX). ... The free porphyrin is encountered in nature in the form of its iron complexes. When complexed with ferrous iron, the molecule ... Chang, C. K.; DiNello, R. K.; Dolphin, D. (1980). "Iron Porphines". Inorg. Synth. Inorganic Syntheses. 20: 147. doi:10.1002/ ...
Phineas Gage: Difference between revisions
... and he had even commissioned a custom-made tamping iron-an iron rod three feet seven inches (1.1 m) long, and 1 1⁄4 inches ( ... created as the iron passed through) has a diameter about half that of the iron itself-hypothesizing that the skull "hinged" ... Harlow, John Martyn (1848). "Passage of an Iron Rod through the Head". Boston Med& Surg J. 39 (20): 389-393.. (Transcription.) ... Harlow's Case of Recovery from the Passage of an Iron Bar through the Head". Am J Med Sci. 20: 13-22.. Reproduced in Macmillan ...
Hofmann's Iron Law Archived 2008-03-05 at the Wayback Machine. *^ "Sensitivity and Hoffman's Iron Law, or "why you can't have ... The moving iron speaker was the first type of speaker that was invented. Unlike the newer dynamic (moving coil) design, a ... Moving iron drivers are inefficient and can only produce a small band of sound. They require large magnets and coils to ... Balanced armature drivers (a type of moving iron driver) use an armature that moves like a see-saw or diving board. Since they ...
Cast iron. A cast iron bearing can be used with a hardened steel shaft because the coefficient of friction is relatively ... The cast iron glazes over therefore wear becomes negligible. Graphite. In harsh environments, such as ovens and dryers ... Industrial integral bearings are usually made from cast iron or babbitt and a hardened steel shaft is used in the bearing.[7 ...
α and β subunits are in red and blue, and the iron-containing heme groups in green. From PDB: 1GZX Proteopedia Hemoglobin ... This causes the iron atom to move backward into the heme that holds it (the iron moves upward as it binds oxygen, in this ... Oxygen is not shown in this model, but, for each of the iron atoms, it binds to the iron (red sphere) in the flat heme. For ... The color is actually due to the porphyrin moiety of hemoglobin to which the iron is bound, not the iron itself, although ...
Folic acid, B12 and iron. A complex interaction occurs between folic acid, vitamin B12, and iron. A deficiency of one may ... While the Food Standards Agency recommended folic acid fortification, and wheat flour is fortified with iron, ... Some studies show iron-folic acid supplementation in children under five may result in increased mortality due to malaria; this ... "Risks of routine iron and folic acid supplementation for young children" (PDF). Indian Pediatr. 46 (10): 857-66. PMID 19887691 ...
Iron and steel. Either used in sheet or alternatively, plate  for all-metal hulls or for isolated structural members ... A steel and iron "armature" is built to the exact shape of the hull, ultimately being covered in galvanised chicken netting. ... The planks may be mechanically connected to each other with copper rivets, bent over iron nails, screws or in modern boats with ... an early example was a timber carvel skin attached to a frame and deck beams made of iron. Sheet copper anti-fouling ("copper= ...
Anachronisms in the Book of Mormon
Steel and iron. "Steel" and "iron" are mentioned several times in the Book of Mormon. ... Even though ancient Andean people smelted some metals, such as copper, they never smelted iron like they did in the Old World ... Even though ancient Andean people smelted some metals, such as copper, they never smelted iron like they did in the Old World ... Between 2004 and 2007, a Purdue University archaeologist, Kevin J. Vaughn, discovered a 2000-year-old iron ore mine near Nazca ...
London Borough of Hackney
Precursor to iron-sulfur clusters. Cysteine is an important source of sulfide in human metabolism. The sulfide in iron- ... Beyond the iron-sulfur proteins, many other metal cofactors in enzymes are bound to the thiolate substituent of cysteinyl ... Examples include zinc in zinc fingers and alcohol dehydrogenase, copper in the blue copper proteins, iron in cytochrome P450, ... "Iron-sulfur protein biogenesis in eukaryotes: components and mechanisms". Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. 22: 457-86. doi:10.1146/ ...
The related vegan diets can often be higher in iron than vegetarian diets, because dairy products are low in iron. Iron ... Iron. Vegetarian diets typically contain similar levels of iron to non-vegetarian diets, but this has lower ... is a good way to increase the amount of iron absorbed at a meal. Vegetarian foods rich in iron include black beans, cashews ... "Dietary Iron Intake and Iron Status of German Female Vegans: Results of the German Vegan Study". Ann Nutr Metab. 48 (2): 103- ...
History of Folkestone
"Neolithic to Iron Age: Overview". Folkestone Before 1500: A Town Unearthed. Retrieved 18 September 2014.. ... The area has alternatively been occupied by groups of Britons, Romans and Saxons. During the Iron Age, a large oppidum and ... The Bronze Age and Iron Age. On the outskirts of Folkestone, an important Bronze Age site was found at Holywell Coombe ... During the Iron Age, an extensive pre-Roman native settlement existed on the eastern headland of the bay, at what has come to ...
Cross of Iron. Main article: Cross of Iron. Still renowned in 1975, Peckinpah was offered the opportunity to direct the ... Co-starring James Mason, Maximilian Schell, David Warner and Senta Berger, Cross of Iron was noted for its opening montage ... Peckinpah has been the subject of three documentaries including the BBC production Sam Peckinpah: Man of Iron (1992), directed ... "Sam Peckinpah: Man of Iron". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved November 9, 2007.. ...
... iron became cheaper and improved in quality. As cultures advanced from hand-wrought iron to machine-forged iron (typically made ... Transition to iron. Though bronze is generally harder than wrought iron, with Vickers hardness of 60-258 vs. 30-80, ... zelé(želě)zo - iron,) while at the early stages of the Bronze working it was used almost exclusively for military purposes. ... Ancient Blacksmiths, the Iron Age, Damascus Steels, and Modern Metallurgy Archived 2007-06-26 at the Wayback Machine.. Tbermec ...
Health effects of tea
Aluminum, iron and other metals. Further information: Aluminum § Health concerns. Tea drinking accounts for a high ... Most studies have found no association between tea intake and iron absorption. However, drinking excessive amounts of black ... "Dietary determinants of and possible solutions to iron deficiency for young women living in industrialized countries: a review ... tea may inhibit the absorption of iron, and may harm people with anaemia. ...
Folic acid, B12 and iron. A complex interaction occurs between folic acid, vitamin B12, and iron. A deficiency of one may ... Some studies show iron-folic acid supplementation in children under five may result in increased mortality due to malaria; this ... and wheat flour is fortified with iron, folic acid fortification of wheat flour is allowed voluntarily rather than ... "Risks of routine iron and folic acid supplementation for young children" (PDF). Indian Pediatr. 46 (10): 857-66. PMID 19887691 ...
Apollo Education Group
The Iron Yard. On June 11, 2015, Apollo Education Group acquired a 62% interest in TIY Academy, LLC ("The Iron Yard"), a ... "Coding school giant Iron Yard announces closure of all campuses". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. July 20, 2017.. ... "The End of an Incredible Adventure with The Iron Yard". Eric Dodds. 2018-02-26. Retrieved 2018-03-09.. ... provider of nondegree information technology bootcamp programs in the United States, for $15.9 million. The Iron Yard ...
History of Anatolia
Ferrous lactate, or iron(II) lactate, is a chemical compound consisting of one atom of iron (Fe2+) and two lactate anions. It ... a b Iron(II) lactate dihydrate MSDS Archived 2014-05-03 at the Wayback Machine. at Jost Chemical ... It is an acidity regulator and colour retention agent, and is also used to fortify foods with iron. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Iron(II)_lactate&oldid=810665780" ...
Cast iron "welding". The "welding" of cast iron is usually a brazing operation, with a filler rod made chiefly of nickel ... Ductile cast iron pipe may be also "cadwelded," a process that connects joints by means of a small copper wire fused into the ... Amorphous brazing foil using nickel, iron, copper, silicon, boron, phosphorus, etc.. Atmosphere. As brazing work requires ... Self-fluxing phosphorus filler alloys produce brittle phosphides if used on iron or nickel. As a general rule, longer ...
Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium ... The element iron can combine with chlorine at high temperatures in a strong exothermic reaction, creating a chlorine-iron fire. ... The fracture surface shows iron and calcium salts that were deposited in the leaking joint from the water supply before failure ... and iron. An impermeable fluoride layer is formed by sodium, magnesium, aluminium, zinc, tin, and silver, which may be removed ...
Controversy: antisemitism and links with the Iron Guard. Early statements. The early years in Eliade's public ... One year later, a text, accompanied by his picture, was featured as answer to an inquiry by the Iron Guard's Buna Vestire about ... But, in any case, I am led to believe that he was closer to the Iron Guard than I would have liked to believe." ... Eliade's articles before and after his adherence to the principles of the Iron Guard (or, as it was usually known at the time, ...
Initially, the best armor-piercing projectile was a solid cast-iron shot. Later, shot of chilled iron, a harder iron alloy, ... because iron hulls were more vulnerable to solid shot; iron was more brittle than wood, and iron frames more likely to fall out ... Iron-built ships used wood as part of their protection scheme. HMS Warrior was protected by 4.5 in (114 mm) of wrought iron ... Hulls: iron, wood and steel. Using iron construction for warships offered advantages for the engineering of the hull. ...
Competition iron plates. In addition to the rubber bumpers, smaller competition iron plates can be used to add weight in ... The colour designations for these iron plates are as follows: 1 kg is green, 1.5 kg is yellow, 2 kg is blue, 2.5 kg is red, 5 ... It is useful to note the colour assignment of these iron plates is consistent with the heavier bumper plates (i.e. 1 kg and 10 ...
Iron Dextran Complex (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Supplement7, 1987)
Dextran iron complex *Iron dextran injection *Ironorm injection Last updated: 3 March 1998 See Also: Toxicological ... intramuscularly administered iron-dextran complex. B. Evidence for carcinogenicity to animals (sufficient). Iron-dextran ... IRON DEXTRAN COMPLEX. (Group 2B). For definition of Groups, see Preamble Evaluation. Supplement 7: (1987) (p. 226) CAS No.: ... Iron dextran complex is possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B).. References. 1. IARC Monographs, 2, 161-178, 1973. 2. ...
Data & Records Management | Shredding | Iron Mountain
Iron Mountain provides solutions for records management, data backup and recovery, document management, secure shredding, and ... Iron CloudTM Storage. Leverage a secure, resilient, purpose-built cloud that ensures your data is protected and accessible when ... And thats what weve found with Iron Mountain, a partner that knew how to protect and preserve our content and help us make it ... Iron Mountain Connect: Innovative Tools to Manage Your Information. Secure 24/7 online access to your information anytime, ...
Association of Long-Term Proton Pump Inhibitor Therapy with Bone Fractures and Effects on Absorption of Calcium, Vitamin B12,...
Sharma VR, Brannon MA, Carloss EA: Effect of omeprazole on oral iron replacement in patients with iron deficiency anemia. South ... McColl KE: Effect of proton pump inhibitors on vitamins and iron. Am J Gastroenterol 2009, 104(Suppl 2):S5-S9.CrossRefPubMed ... Nand S, Tanvetyanon T: Proton pump inhibitors and iron deficiency: is the connection real? South Med J 2004, 97:799.CrossRef ... Miret S, Simpson RJ, McKie AT: Physiology and molecular biology of dietary iron absorption. Annu Rev Nutr 2003, 23:283-301. ...
Iron | Nutrition | CDC
What does iron do, and is your child getting enough? Learn more. ... What Does Iron Do?. Iron is a mineral that has many functions. ... Non-heme iron can be found in plants and iron-fortified alert icon products. This type of iron is less easily absorbed by the ... Having enough iron in the body can help prevent iron deficiencyalert iconand iron deficiency anemia.alert icon ... In young children, one common cause is not enough iron. Children who do not receive enough iron either from iron-rich foods or ...
Iron horse - Wikipedia
"Iron horse". Random House Dictionary. dictionary.com. Retrieved 29 September 2010. -noun Older Use. A locomotive. Origin: 1825- ... The Iron Horse term became widely popularized and found frequent use in the century and a half following the competition won by ... "Iron horse" is an iconic literary term (currently transitioning into an archaic reference) for a steam locomotive, ... Iron Horse was used admiringly when comparing early road and railroad traction engines performance to slower, less powerful ...
Iron | Breastfeeding | CDC
Does your infant get enough iron from breast milk? Learn more. ... or iron supplement drops. Learn more about iron-rich foods that ... At about 6 months of age, an infants iron needs can be met through the introduction of iron-rich foods, iron-fortified cereals ... Iron is necessary to make hemoglobin, which carries oxygen in red blood cells to all parts of the body. Iron also supports ... Do infants get enough iron from breast milk?. Most newborns have sufficient iron stored in their bodies for at least the first ...
Our bodies need the right amount of iron to function properly. Read about what can happen when you consume too much or too ... Iron is also part of many other proteins and enzymes.. Your body needs the right amount of iron. If you have too little iron, ... Too much iron can damage your body. Taking too many iron supplements can cause iron poisoning. Some people have an inherited ... Taking iron supplements (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish * Total iron binding capacity (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in ...
... swallows a large number of iron-containing pills, most often vitamins. WebMD explains first aid steps if you suspect iron ... Iron poisoning occurs when a person, usually a child, ... Iron Poisoning Causes. *Iron pills can look like candy to ... Iron Poisoning Overview. Iron poisoning occurs when a person, usually a child, swallows a large number of iron-containing pills ... Iron Poisoning Symptoms. Symptoms of iron poisoning usually become evident within 6 hours after an excessive amount of iron is ...
... the Iron Age is the prehistoric period in any area during which cutting tools and weapons were mainly made of iron or steel. ... The Iron Age is the last principal period in the three-age system for classifying ancient societies, preceded by the Bronze Age ... The Iron Age in each area ends with the beginning of the historical period, i.e. the local production of ample written sources ... Thus, for instance, the British Iron Age ends with the Roman Conquest. ...
Iron Age Scandinavia - Wikipedia
Iron Age Scandinavia (or Nordic Iron Age) refers to the Iron Age, as it unfolded in Scandinavia. ... iron production from bog iron (mostly in Denmark) slowly gained ground. Iron is a versatile metal and was suitable for tools ... Small farm house from the Roman Iron Age (The Iron Age Village in Odense, Denmark) ... M Zvelebil (1985): Iron Age transformations in Northern Russia and the Northeast Baltic, Beyond Domestication in Prehistoric ...
Full browser - iron
Saugus Iron Works--Reading 1
The Saugus Iron Works has been called the forerunner of American big business. It was an iron factory that converted raw iron ... Pig iron is another name for cast iron. Not all of the iron was cast into bars--skilled moulders were employed to make molds of ... and competition from imported iron. The Saugus Iron Works produced respectable quantities of bar iron, but could not return a ... The molten iron ran into trenches in the sand where it hardened into long cast iron bars. Smaller bars were poured off at an ...
The Iron Mask (1962) - IMDb
The story of the Three Musketeers, DArtagnan, and the imprisonment in an iron mask of the identical twin of the King of France ... The story of the Three Musketeers, DArtagnan, and the imprisonment in an iron mask of the identical twin of the King of France ... Ste-Marguerite citadel, Frances most isolated island prison, holds a mysterious captive, whose iron-masked face nobody may see ...
Ontario banded iron formation
This banded iron formation comes from a rock unit 60 meters thick that formed over a 50-million-year period, from 2.736 to ... Ontario banded iron formation. * Exhibition Text. * This banded iron formation comes from a rock unit 60 meters thick that ... The red bands are silica-rich, composed primarily of jasper, and the black bands contain the iron oxide mineral magnetite. Some ... the alternating layers as seasonal variations in the amount of oxygen available to oxidize and precipitate the dissolved iron. ...
Iron Fisticle on Steam
Taking inspiration from an entire generation of action games, Iron Fisticle builds on classic titles like Gauntlet and Robotron ... "Mix Gauntlet with Smash TV, add in a dash of Ghouls n Ghosts, and stir with a rogue-lite… Iron Fisticle is a game that offers ... Iron Fisticle is a challenging twin-stick shooter that requires reflexes, speed and quick thinking to master. It takes the ... "Iron Fisticle gets the gameplay right. The raw connection between you and your avatar, the movement speed, the responsiveness ...
Iron surgeon? - Respectful Insolence
Actually, I can imagine an even cooler show than Iron Surgeon - Iron Surgeon Chef! It would combine the Iron Surgeon idea with ... You know, my first thought on seeing the title was more along the lines of Iron Chef, namely, a tv show in which two surgeons ... Nah, sick would be if the studio was connected to that of Iron Chef, and the surgical procedure of the former provided the ... I scoff at your iron. True surgeons are made of titanium alloys that are far stronger and totally rustproof. Unfortunately, ...
Hemochromatosis | Iron Overload | MedlinePlus
... too much iron in the body). The extra iron can build up in organs and cause damage. Find out how. ... Your body needs iron but too much of it is toxic. If you have hemochromatosis, you absorb more iron than you need. Your body ... Iron Tests (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish * Liver Function Tests (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish ... Transferrin and Iron-Binding Capacity (TIBC, UIBC) (American Association for Clinical Chemistry) ...
Transferrin: Iron Metabolism | SpringerLink
Iron Deficiency Serum Ferritin Iron Overload Iron Deficiency Anemia Serum Iron These keywords were added by machine and not by ... Committee on Iron Deficiency, AMA council on foods and nutrition: Iron deficiency in the United States, JAMA 203: 407-412 (1968 ... Aisen, P., and Brown, E. B., The iron-binding function of transferrin in iron metabolism, Semin. Hematol. 14: 31-53 (1977). ... Caraway, W. T., Macro and micro methods for the determination of serum iron and iron binding capacity, Clin. Chem. 9: 188-199 ( ...
iron atom (CHEBI:18248)
iron molecular entity (CHEBI:24873) has part iron atom (CHEBI:18248). iron-57 atom (CHEBI:52623) is a iron atom (CHEBI:18248). ... iron atom (CHEBI:18248) has role micronutrient (CHEBI:27027) iron atom (CHEBI:18248) is a iron group element atom (CHEBI:33356 ... CHEBI:18248 - iron atom. Main. ChEBI Ontology. Automatic Xrefs. Reactions. Pathways. Models. ... iron atom (CHEBI:18248) has role Escherichia coli metabolite (CHEBI:76971) ...
Nickel-iron | mineral | Britannica
... very rare native alloy of nickel and iron that contains between 24 and 77 percent nickel. It occurs in the gold washings of the ... Nickel-iron, very rare native alloy of nickel and iron that contains between 24 and 77 percent nickel. It occurs in the gold ... nickel-iron meteoriteNickel-iron meteorite, from Canyon Diablo, Arizona.. © Kenneth V. Pilon/Shutterstock.com. ... Nickel-iron also can be of meteoritic origin. Called taenite, it is found in some ataxites and in all octahedrites. Plessite, ...
Re: PESO - Iron Horse
Iron Horse Now for something shot recently, in December 2017. Iron Horse is a walking trail and pedestrian bridge near me. The ... None of the Iron Horse Trail bridges seem to have individual names. I havent seen any of the others, but know there is at ... Re: PESO - Iron Horse John Sun, 07 Jan 2018 11:14:02 -0800 ... Re: PESO - Iron Horse Alan C. * *Re: PESO - Iron Horse Marnie ( ...
Biochemistry of Iron Proteins
Iron Age | Encyclopedia.com
... period in the development of industry that begins with the general use of iron and continues into modern times. In Asia, Egypt ... The Late Iron Age in Europe, which is dated from this period, is called La Tène. The casting of iron did not become technically ... Iron beads were worn in Egypt as early as 4000 BC, but these were of meteoric iron, evidently shaped by the rubbing process ... Iron Age, period in the development of industry that begins with the general use of iron and continues into modern times. In ...
Iron processing | Britannica.com
Included in this article also is a discussion of the mining of iron and of its preparation for smelting. Iron (Fe) is a ... Iron processing, use of a smelting process to turn the ore into a form from which products can be fashioned. ... Iron made in this way is known as wrought iron. Sometimes too much charcoal seems to have been used, and iron-carbon alloys, ... Australia: Iron ore. Australia is one of the worlds top producers of iron ore, which is used partly in the domestic iron and ...
... is a divalent metal cation (CHEBI:60240) iron(2+) (CHEBI:29033) is a iron cation (CHEBI:24875) iron(2+ ... iron(2+) sulfate (anhydrous) (CHEBI:75832) has part iron(2+) (CHEBI:29033). iron(2+) sulfides (CHEBI:75897) has part iron(2+) ( ... iron(2+) (CHEBI:29033) has role human metabolite (CHEBI:77746) iron(2+) (CHEBI:29033) has role mouse metabolite (CHEBI:75771) ... CHEBI:29033 - iron(2+). Main. ChEBI Ontology. Automatic Xrefs. Reactions. Pathways. Models. ...
Iron and Steel Engineer - Google Books
Iron and Steel Engineer, Volume 60. Contributors. Association of Iron and Steel Engineers, Association of Iron and Steel ... AISE alloy annealing applications arc furnace Armco Armco Inc Association of Iron automatic Bethlehem Steel Corp billet BISI ... Association of Iron and Steel Engineers, 1983 - Steel industry and trade. 0 Reviewshttps://books.google.com/books/about/Iron_ ... Gateway Center Pittsburgh handling heat hot metal hot strip mill hydraulic improved increase ingot injection installation Iron ...
Download Modelling Of Iron Losses Of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors
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Light Iron Castings - Scientific American
Restaurant IRON - Pensacola, FL | OpenTable
Book now at Restaurant IRON in Pensacola, FL. Explore menu, see photos and read 757 reviews: Danielle is an awesome server and ... Iron is one of the nicest restaurants in town with a gourmet menu.. The HVAC was very cold the night we dined which made it ... As always, Iron delivers. The mussels and shrimp was one of the best restaurant dishes we have had in years. Great food, great ... I made a note in my reservation that this was a special occasion and Iron went above and beyond my expectations to make the ...
Category:Iron compounds - Wikimedia Commons
Iron compounds (en); 铁化合物 (zh-cn); 铁化合物 (zh); związek żelaza (pl) każdy związek chemiczny zawierający przynajmniej jeden atom ... Media in category "Iron compounds". The following 88 files are in this category, out of 88 total. ... Aerinite Iron magnesium calcium aluminum silicate Estopinian Huesca Province Spain 2062.jpg 640 × 640; 89 KB. ... Tris(acetylacetonato)Iron(III)-3D-balls-by-AHRLS-2012.png 1,143 × 1,000; 426 KB. ...
What is iron deficiency anemia?
Inadequate dietary iron, impaired iron absorption, bleeding, or loss of body ir... more ... Iron deficiency anemia develops when body stores of iron drop too low to support normal red blood cell (RBC) production. ... This iron and recently absorbed iron decrease uptake of iron from the gut lumen by satiation of iron-binding proteins with iron ... Inadequate dietary iron, impaired iron absorption, bleeding, or loss of body iron in the urine may be the cause.  Iron ...
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- We prepared five folate-conjugated lipophilic superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (F 5 -Liposuperparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles(SPIONs), 5.5 and 11 nm) and investigated their cellular uptake with KB cells, which is one of the representative folate-receptor over-expressing human epidermoid carcinoma cells, using MRI. (elsevier.com)
- Having enough iron in the body can help prevent iron deficiency alert icon and iron deficiency anemia . (cdc.gov)
- Clinical Report: Diagnosis and prevention of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in infants and young children. (cdc.gov)
- If you have too little iron, you may develop iron deficiency anemia . (medlineplus.gov)
- The therapeutic dose for iron deficiency anemia is 3-6 mg/kg/day. (webmd.com)
- Iron deficiency anemia develops when body stores of iron drop too low to support normal red blood cell (RBC) production. (medscape.com)
- The Evidence-Based Evaluation of Iron Deficiency Anemia. (medscape.com)
- Iron deficiency, anemia, and mortality in renal transplant recipients. (medscape.com)
- Iron Refractory Iron Deficiency Anemia (IRIDA): A heterogeneous disease that is not always iron refractory. (medscape.com)
- Association between psychiatric disorders and iron deficiency anemia among children and adolescents: a nationwide population-based study. (medscape.com)
- Getting more iron into the diet can help prevent iron deficiency anemia and improve general health. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Iron-deficiency anemia is anemia that happens when there isn't enough iron in the body. (kidshealth.org)
- What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Iron-Deficiency Anemia? (kidshealth.org)
- At first, children with iron-deficiency anemia may not have any symptoms. (kidshealth.org)
- How Is Iron-Deficiency Anemia Diagnosed? (kidshealth.org)
- Doctors treat iron-deficiency anemia with iron supplements taken as a liquid or pill for at least 3 months. (kidshealth.org)
- A lack of iron in the blood can lead to iron-deficiency anemia, a common nutritional deficiency in children. (kidshealth.org)
- In fact, milk makes it harder for the body to absorb iron and can contribute to iron-deficiency anemia. (kidshealth.org)
- Iron-deficiency anemia develops over time. (kidshealth.org)
- In rare cases, a child with iron-deficiency anemia may develop pica , a craving to eat nonfood items such as paint chips, chalk, or dirt. (kidshealth.org)
- Iron-deficiency anemia is often first noticed during a checkup . (kidshealth.org)
- The doctor also may do a stool test because iron-deficiency anemia can sometimes be caused by the gradual loss of small amounts of blood through the intestinal tract. (kidshealth.org)
- So you know how to treat iron deficiency anemia. (medscape.com)
- Effects of Ferric Citrate in Patients with Nondialysis-Dependent CKD and Iron Deficiency Anemia. (medscape.com)
- Iron deficiency anemia and iron deficiency affects 30-80% of the world population. (brighthub.com)
- A small but significant percentage of women runners develop iron deficiency anemia (low hemoglobin, hematocrit and red blood cell count), which has an immediate negative effect on running performance (this condition is relatively rare in otherwise healthy men). (runnersworld.com)
- Iron supplements help in the treatment of iron deficiency anemia. (buzzle.com)
- Iron deficiency anemia is caused due to decreased absorption of iron or hypo-acidity in stomach or a defect in intestinal mucosa. (buzzle.com)
- heme and non-heme iron. (cdc.gov)
- Heme iron is most commonly found in animal products like red meat, seafood, and poultry. (cdc.gov)
- Non-heme iron can be found in plants and iron- fortified alert icon products. (cdc.gov)
- Pairing non-heme iron sources with foods high in vitamin C can help your baby absorb the iron he or she needs to support development. (cdc.gov)
- There are two types of dietary iron in food - heme iron and non-heme iron. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Animal products, such as meat, poultry, and fish contain both heme and non-heme iron. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Typically, heme iron accounts for less of a person's daily intake than non-heme iron, but the body absorbs it more easily. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Foods from plant sources only provide non-heme iron. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Non-heme sources usually account for more of a person's daily intake than heme iron, but the body does not absorb it as well as heme iron. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- The effect of tannins reducing iron absorption is greater with non-heme iron. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- The type of iron in animal products is called heme iron. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Although the body can absorb it more easily, heme iron is not essential to the human diet. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- The heme iron found in animal products is more readily absorbed. (runnersworld.com)
- Two values are important, the total iron-binding capacity (TIBC) and transferrin saturation, the percentage of transferrin bound to iron. (brighthub.com)
- Serum iron, total iron-binding capacity (TIBC) , and/or transferrin tests are usually ordered together and, subsequantly, the transferrin saturation can be determined and used to assess how much iron is being carried in the blood. (labcorp.com)
- A low iron with a high transferrin or TIBC is usually due to iron deficiency. (labcorp.com)
- In chronic diseases, both iron and transferrin or TIBC are typically low. (labcorp.com)
- transferrin , an animal protein that stores iron in a tight embrace, and TbpA , a bacterial protein that literally snatches iron from transferrin's grasp. (nationalgeographic.com)
- Transferrin acts like a thermostat for iron. (nationalgeographic.com)
- It seizes transferrin, prises it apart, and relieves it of its iron. (nationalgeographic.com)
- At about 6 months of age, an infant's iron needs can be met through the introduction of iron-rich foods, iron-fortified cereals, or iron supplement drops. (cdc.gov)
- People should look for fortified breakfast cereals that contain 100 percent of the daily value of iron per serving. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Good food sources of iron include: liver, lean meat and poultry, fish, legumes, dark green leafy vegetables, dried fruit, and whole grain or enriched cereals and bread. (runnersworld.com)
- Many breakfast cereals are fortified with iron. (rsc.org)
- Several breakfast cereals contain iron as a mineral supplement . (rsc.org)
- Manufacturers add iron to many cereals - and other food products such as flour - as a finely divided powder of food-grade material. (rsc.org)
- Products such as cornflakes, which are fortified at a lower level, have about 6 - 7 mg of iron per 100 g, while un-fortified breakfast cereals have 1 - 2 mg of iron per 100 g. (rsc.org)
- Taking too many iron supplements can cause iron poisoning. (medlineplus.gov)
- Make sure your child takes the iron supplements exactly as prescribed. (kidshealth.org)
- Usually, kids with iron deficiency need to take daily iron supplements to get their iron levels back up. (kidshealth.org)
- Ask a doctor before giving your child iron supplements, as too much iron can cause health problems. (kidshealth.org)
- By selecting the right foods, people eating a vegetarian or vegan diet can meet their daily iron requirements without needing to take supplements. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Oral iron supplements increase hepcidin and decrease iron absorption from daily or twice-daily doses in iron-depleted young women. (medscape.com)
- Assuming that your low iron levels are due to your running and other lifestyle factors, you need to increase your iron intake by increasing the iron content of your diet, increasing the absorption of the iron in your diet, and taking iron supplements. (runnersworld.com)
- You should use all three strategies until your iron levels are normal again, after which iron supplements may no longer be necessary. (runnersworld.com)
- In case of deficiency, daily supplements of 60 mg iron and 500 mg of folic acid are generally prescribed. (buzzle.com)
- so in order to increase the iron intake, many women prefer taking supplements. (buzzle.com)
- Apart from these side effects, iron poisoning has been found in children whose mothers have been consuming excessive supplements. (buzzle.com)
- So it is necessary to take iron supplements strictly under a doctor's supervision. (buzzle.com)
- Avoid taking these supplements with milk or other calcium rich products as calcium reduces absorption of iron. (buzzle.com)
- As the saying goes, 'Prevention is better than cure', a person should only take iron supplements when needed and strictly under a doctor's supervision. (buzzle.com)
- I think really high-quality iron supplements are more easily tolerated than the cheaper ones. (dailystrength.org)
- I had a girlfriend who got sick from taking iron supplements, so don't take too many of those. (dailystrength.org)
Formula that is fortified with iron2
- Smaller amounts of iron are present in myoglobin , which is a protein found in muscle tissue. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- The iron -sulfur protein NFU2 plays a predominant role in branched-chain amino acid synthesis in Arabidopsis roots. (nih.gov)
- A form of translational control of protein synthesis by iron in insects is similar to that of vertebrates. (nih.gov)
- Lentils are rich in iron, protein, and fiber, making them a great addition to a healthful diet. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Each cup of cooked lentils contains 6.59 milligrams (mg) of iron and 17.86 grams (g) of protein. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- It is popular among vegans and vegetarians as it contains significant amounts of protein, iron, and calcium . (medicalnewstoday.com)
- A half-cup serving of tofu contains 6.65 mg of iron and about 10 g of protein. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- This ancient grain is gluten-free and provides 5.17 mg of iron per cooked cup along with over 9 g of protein. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Protein which binds at least one iron-sulfur cluster, e.g. 2Fe-2S, 3Fe-4S, 4Fe-4S. (uniprot.org)
- Elemental iron occurs in meteoroids and other low oxygen environments, but is reactive to oxygen and water. (wikipedia.org)
- Iron helps red blood cells carry oxygen through the body and supports a child's ability to learn. (cdc.gov)
- Some geologists have interpreted the alternating layers as seasonal variations in the amount of oxygen available to oxidize and precipitate the dissolved iron. (amnh.org)
- Iron is an essential mineral that plays a critical role in transporting oxygen around the body. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Iron helps red blood cells carry oxygen to the body and plays a key role in brain and muscle function. (kidshealth.org)
- Most iron is used to transport oxygen to tissues, some to muscles and also for enzymes which catalyze other functions. (brighthub.com)
- Iron in the blood binds with oxygen and carries it throughout the body to the tissues. (newsmax.com)
- Too much iron in the tissues leads to increased oxidative stress - an imbalance in the production of chemically reactive molecules containing oxygen - and multiple organ failure. (newsmax.com)
- Only a freshly fallen iron will exhibit fusion crust, as the layer will decay quickly in Earth's moist, oxygen-rich atmosphere. (skyandtelescope.com)
- Iron poisoning occurs when a person, usually a child, swallows a large number of iron-containing pills, most often vitamins . (webmd.com)
- Acute iron poisoning mainly involves children under age 6 who swallow pediatric or adult vitamins containing iron. (webmd.com)
- The amount of iron that will cause poisoning depends upon the size of the child. (webmd.com)
- If you know, or even suspect, that a child has eaten tablets, you should consult a hospital's emergency department or a poison control center regarding a possible iron poisoning. (webmd.com)
- Symptoms of iron poisoning usually become evident within 6 hours after an excessive amount of iron is swallowed. (webmd.com)
- The diagnosis of iron poisoning is usually made by observing your child. (webmd.com)
- A normal physical exam and no symptoms for 6 hours tells the doctor that the child has experienced either little poisoning or did not eat any iron-containing substances. (webmd.com)
- Some tests are also too slow to affect the diagnosis and management of iron poisoning. (webmd.com)
- If your child is diagnosed with iron poisoning, the doctor will first make sure your child is breathing normally. (webmd.com)
- Iron poisoning is commonly observed in kids, which is a result of excessive intake of iron pills. (buzzle.com)
- Iron tests are also ordered if a doctor suspects that a person has iron poisoning and to screen for hereditary hemochromatosis, an inherited condition associated with excessive iron storage. (labcorp.com)
- When a child is suspected to have ingested iron tablets, a serum iron test is ordered to detect and help assess the severity of the poisoning. (labcorp.com)
- High levels of serum iron can occur as the result of multiple blood transfusions, iron injections into muscle, lead poisoning, liver disease, or kidney disease. (labcorp.com)
- Adding iron to ocean water, believed to be an effective way to absorb carbon dioxide and fight global climate change, could actually be poisoning marine life, claims a new study released Monday. (redorbit.com)
- The elevated levels of the toxin, which is also responsible for amnesiac shellfish poisoning in humans, raises "serious concern" about the practice of iron fertilization, the researchers claim. (redorbit.com)
- Given that men need 8.7g of iron daily while young women need as much as 14.8g we do need a fairly consistent intake. (telegraph.co.uk)
- Numerous vegetables, legumes, and other foods contain a form of iron called nonheme iron, which accounts for the majority of people's iron intake in the United States. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Normal values for men are 76- 198 mcg/L. For women, a normal range is 26-170 mcg/L. Barring a systemic problem like blood loss, your physician will likely advise you to increase your intake of iron rich foods and possibly take an iron supplement. (brighthub.com)
- For pre-menopausal women runners, maintaining normal iron levels is often a challenge due to these factors plus menstrual blood loss and low iron intake. (runnersworld.com)
- Increasing your vitamin C intake increases iron absorption, while coffee and tea reduce iron absorption. (runnersworld.com)
- Using cast iron cookware will also increase your iron intake. (runnersworld.com)
- Hemochromatosis is a disease in which too much iron builds up in your body. (medlineplus.gov)
- If you have hemochromatosis, you absorb more iron than you need. (medlineplus.gov)
- Liver cancer, arthritis and other complications caused by excessive iron in the blood may develop in more than one-quarter of men with hemochromatosis, the most common inherited blood disorder, researchers in Australia found. (latimes.com)
- Iron is a mineral that has many functions. (cdc.gov)
- Iron is a mineral that our bodies need for many functions. (medlineplus.gov)
- The red bands are silica-rich, composed primarily of jasper, and the black bands contain the iron oxide mineral magnetite. (amnh.org)
- Iron is an essential mineral for health. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Although red meat and seafood are good sources of iron, many plant-based foods also contain plenty of this mineral. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Fortified grains are a vital source of this mineral, providing approximately half of all dietary iron in the U.S. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- I've decided to use Spatone instead which is a naturally iron rich mineral water with no side effects. (dailystrength.org)
- Unlike the metals that form passivating oxide layers, iron oxides occupy more volume than the metal and thus flake off, exposing fresh surfaces for corrosion. (wikipedia.org)
- Iron oxide mixed with aluminium powder can be ignited to create a thermite reaction, used in welding and purifying ores. (wikipedia.org)
- Call your doctor, local poison control center, or go directly to the closest hospital's emergency department if you suspect your child has swallowed iron-containing vitamins, even if your child shows no symptoms . (webmd.com)
- We also cover recommended daily allowance (RDA), the symptoms and risk factors for iron deficiency, and whether someone can have too much iron in their body. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- This potentially renders them more susceptible to influenza infections, which in themsevles may engender higher viral loads due to increased iron availability and thus produce more severe symptoms. (bmj.com)
- The greater abundance of iron in men may facillate viral colonisation and increase the alacrity of pathogen replication and invasion potentially eliciting more severe symptoms in men. (bmj.com)
- Symptoms of low levels of iron include low mood, fatigue, breathlessness, cracked nails and pale skin. (telegraph.co.uk)
- Symptoms of fatigue, paleness, irritability, increased heart rate may indicate that you need an iron test. (brighthub.com)
- Weight loss, along with palpitation, fatigue, changes in the color of the skin, and joint pain are symptoms of high levels of iron in the body. (buzzle.com)
- Taking excess iron pills is not going to decrease your symptoms overnight, so avoid excess indulgence as it will cause more harm. (buzzle.com)
- Symptoms of high iron levels will vary from person to person and tend to worsen over time. (labcorp.com)
- this supplement of iron should start at 4 months of age. (cdc.gov)
- If you can, tell the doctor the type of iron supplement and the number of tablets your child swallowed. (webmd.com)
- If you use an iron supplement, the ferrous forms (ferrous sulfate, ferrous gluconate or ferrous fumarate) are most readily absorbed. (runnersworld.com)
- I've been put on a liquid iron supplement by my doctor. (dailystrength.org)
- My mom takes a liquid iron supplement. (dailystrength.org)
- If you need iron, I imagine that taking the supplement will be a good thing for you if you can manage it. (dailystrength.org)
- Inadequate dietary iron, impaired iron absorption, bleeding, or loss of body iron in the urine may be the cause. (medscape.com)
- Dietary iron comes in two forms - heam and non-heam. (telegraph.co.uk)
- Most nonheme dietary iron is ferric iron. (medscape.com)
- Infants between the ages of 6 months and 24 months who are not being breast-fed are particularly susceptible to iron deficiency if supplemental dietary iron is not provided. (labcorp.com)
- Iron chemical compounds have many uses. (wikipedia.org)
- Iron forms binary compounds with the halogens and the chalcogens. (wikipedia.org)
- Chemical compounds containing iron . (wikimedia.org)
- Correction: Synthesis of medium-sized (6-7-6) ring compounds by iron -catalyzed C-H activation/annulation. (nih.gov)
- Solid catalyst expert Frank Berry of the Open University introduces us to the industrial chemistry of iron and its compounds. (newscientist.com)
- Ekkehard Sinn of the University of Hull covers the inorganic chemistry of iron from its basic solid-state, coordination and organo-metallic chemistry to the various compounds it forms with the non-metals boron, nitrogen, phosphorus and so on. (newscientist.com)
Binds to iron1
- As the iron passes through the Curie temperature there is no change in crystalline structure, but there is a change in "domain structure", where each domain contains iron atoms with a particular electronic spin. (wikipedia.org)
- Approximately 1.1 x 10 to the power of 13 moles of iron atoms - that's more than 600 million tonnes of the element - are used by the world's manufacturing industries every year. (newscientist.com)
- Many of the most important enzymes only work when they embrace iron atoms, and that's true for blue whales and bacteria alike. (nationalgeographic.com)
- Toddlers can run into problems if they drink too much cow's milk (more than 24 ounces a day) and eat fewer iron-rich foods, like red meat and green leafy vegetables. (kidshealth.org)
- Kids or teens on a vegetarian diet also might not get enough iron, because iron from meat sources is more easily absorbed than iron from plant sources. (kidshealth.org)
- The deficiency can be fulfilled by a daily quota of iron via iron-rich foods such as spinach, beans, tofu, and red meat. (buzzle.com)
- As molten iron cools past its freezing point of 1538 °C, it crystallizes into its δ allotrope, which has a body-centered cubic (bcc) crystal structure. (wikipedia.org)
- Ironworkers had to continually skim the slag floating on top of the molten iron and dump it into the river. (nps.gov)
- The molten iron ran into trenches in the sand where it hardened into long cast iron bars. (nps.gov)
Reduce iron absorption1
Hearts of I10
- No forum topics for Hearts of Iron II yet. (gamespot.com)
- Hearts of Iron II lets you guide a nation through the battles of World War II. (gamespot.com)
- Much like the first Hearts of Iron, this sequel lets you control one of more than 150 countries and travel around the entire world. (gamespot.com)
- Hearts of Iron 4 wields complexity like a swift armor division during the blitzkrieg, allowing it to serve the idea of layered, cerebral, strategic warfare instead of letting it needlessly bog down the experience. (steampowered.com)
- For now, after many dozens of hours, I'm taking a break from Hearts of Iron 4. (steampowered.com)
- And when I've done that planning - when I've formulated my character sheet, as it were - I have the utmost confidence that Hearts of Iron 4 will be ready for me to play a role in world affairs. (steampowered.com)
- If there were a hall of fame for great game concepts, Hearts of Iron would be a first-ballot inductee. (gamespot.com)
- However, the new Hearts of Iron II shows that Paradox has learned from its mistakes. (gamespot.com)
- Still, concessions to playability make Hearts of Iron II more accessible than the usual Paradox release. (gamespot.com)
- The manual is far better than the confusing, useless tome packed with the first Hearts of Iron, and the six tutorials offer up details on primary aspects of play like warfare and production. (gamespot.com)
- Iron corrodes your intestinal lining and is a direct irritant to the stomach . (webmd.com)
- Iron absorption in mice and rats may involve more ferrous iron because they excrete moderate quantities of ascorbate in intestinal secretions. (medscape.com)
- Low levels indicate a deficiency of iron due to heavy menstrual bleeding, poor diet, intestinal bleeding and other conditions. (brighthub.com)
- Iron can corrode the intestinal lining causing ulceration. (buzzle.com)
- However, it can also be due to increased iron requirements (in pregnancy), rapid growth (in children), poor diet, and problems with absorption (stomach or intestinal disease). (labcorp.com)
- And that's what we've found with Iron Mountain, a partner that knew how to protect and preserve our content and help us make it fan friendly. (ironmountain.com)
- Once My Child Starts to Eat Solid Foods, How Can I Make Sure My Child Gets Enough Iron? (cdc.gov)
- Make sure to choose foods that contain iron. (cdc.gov)
- Not all of the iron was cast into bars--skilled moulders were employed to make molds of items such as pots, pans, and kettles. (nps.gov)
- Giving them more can make them feel full and lower the amount of iron-rich foods they eat. (kidshealth.org)
- When you think of iron , you might think of skyscrapers with metal beams infused with iron to make them strong. (kidshealth.org)
- Things like orange juice and other foods that are high in vitamin C can make iron absorb better. (kidshealth.org)
- Iron Man'' Wang exemplifies all the Maoist moral virtues that make up this Chinese soul - hard work, dedication, and self-sacrifice for the collective. (csmonitor.com)
- To ensure consistent results, always have your blood tested before running (i.e., when you are well-hydrated), because dehydration will make your iron levels appear higher than they are. (runnersworld.com)
- Munksgard's arrival at the 150-acre vineyard that's nestled in Sonoma County's spectacular Green Valley serves as Iron Horse's bold enological declaration of independence from French experts, and from French rules about how to make fine wine. (metroactive.com)
- And his involvement in almost every aspect of the winery, from harvesting and fermenting to bottling and tasting, is a sign of Iron Horse's commitment to make both sparkling and still wines that are as American as, say, Yosemite and every bit as breathtaking. (metroactive.com)
- It is not a direct measurement of iron, but is generally the first step in determining whether someone is actually anemic, or has low number of red cells, since iron is needed to make red cells. (letsrun.com)
- The following surface characteristics make irons much easier to spot in the field. (skyandtelescope.com)
- What's more, says Bill Tallis, director of technology at BP Chemicals, the iron catalysts could make plastics with improved properties. (technologyreview.com)
- There's a new Iron Fist in town, and he's itching to make his presence felt. (rottentomatoes.com)
- If you have not received your iron ring from Camp#2 (Montreal), please make sure you have your obligation number before visiting us during drop in hours for a replacement. (mcgill.ca)
Absorption of iron3
- Doctors sometimes screen earlier for certain children, such as premature babies , who have lower amounts of iron in their bodies at birth than full-term babies. (kidshealth.org)
- A recent research by the National Cancer Institute in Washington D.C., discovered that people having high amounts of iron in their body are at a greater risk of suffering from cancer in the future. (buzzle.com)
- Talk to your child's doctor or nurse about your child's iron needs at his or her next check-up. (cdc.gov)
- Your child's iron needs can be met by standard infant formulas for the first 12 months of life. (cdc.gov)
- Standard iron-fortified infant formulas contain enough iron (12mg/dL) to support your growing child's needs. (cdc.gov)
- Your child's iron needs will depend on how much breast milk and formula he or she consumes. (cdc.gov)
- Talk with your child's doctor or nurse about iron at your child's next check-up. (cdc.gov)
- The doctor may also ask for an X-ray of your child's abdomen to confirm whether there are iron pills in the gastrointestinal tract, although sometimes the pills can be there and not seen. (webmd.com)
- Multivitamins with iron and changes to a child's diet can help, but usually are not enough on their own. (kidshealth.org)
- It also supports evidence that genetic screening can enable those with the disorder to start therapy earlier to prevent harmful iron accumulation that usually appears in midlife. (latimes.com)
- The goals of iron chelation therapy are to remove the amount of iron administered in transfusions and to prevent the accumulation of iron reaching harmful levels. (novartis.com)
- They are associated with iron accumulation and can be similar to those seen with other conditions. (labcorp.com)
- It was an iron factory that converted raw iron ore into finished cast- and wrought-iron products. (nps.gov)
- There some 10 to 12 men worked to convert brittle cast iron into malleable wrought iron, a complicated process that required a high degree of skill. (nps.gov)
- Flower Window Boxes, Inc. is introducing their new line of custom, ornamental wrought iron window boxes. (prweb.com)
- Wrought iron window boxes will feature ornamental castings and self watering PVC liners. (prweb.com)
- Many of our clients with historical homes and homes covered in wrought iron come to us looking for something more custom and more ornate than was is typically seen on the market. (prweb.com)
- Their new line of wrought iron window boxes, unlike the typical wrought iron hayrack window boxes that are more commonplace, will feature a more ornate look. (prweb.com)
- There is a need for custom length window boxes made from wrought iron," says Matt Buquoi, owner of Flower Window Boxes. (prweb.com)
- The wrought iron window boxes will be available in all sizes, including custom lengths up to 108' length and will be made in their Cumming, GA manufacturing facility. (prweb.com)
Tend to lose more iron2
- Young athletes who exercise often tend to lose more iron and may also become iron deficient. (kidshealth.org)
- Runners tend to lose more iron than non-runners due to foot strike hemolysis (breakdown of red blood cells when your foot strikes the ground) and iron loss through sweat and the gastrointestinal system. (runnersworld.com)
- Causes of low iron levels include blood loss, poor diet, or an inability to absorb enough iron from foods. (medlineplus.gov)
- Sex differences in iron levels may account for the apparently disparate natural history of influenza infection between men and women. (bmj.com)
- Men generally have significantly higher levels of iron, in all its biological guises, than women(2). (bmj.com)
- Aside from treatment, are there measures I can take in my daily life to help reduce my iron levels? (novartis.com)
- Iron is clearly important for running performance, yet many serious runners do not monitor their iron levels. (runnersworld.com)
- Serious female runners should have their iron levels checked a minimum of twice (preferably four times) per year. (runnersworld.com)
- What if Your Iron Levels Are Low? (runnersworld.com)
- If your blood tests show that your iron levels are low, discuss with your doctor whether there is a disease-based reason. (runnersworld.com)
- Hi Ian Maxine my doctor told me I got low iron levels I am on iron tables I keep geting mix up thoughts and geting confusion all stomach pains. (buzzle.com)
- Although it's low in bacteria, it has levels of iron that are above the permitted standard. (healthy.net)
- High levels of iron in the system can be very toxic and it takes time to get the stuff out of your body. (dailystrength.org)
- Serum iron levels are often evaluated in conjunction with other iron tests . (labcorp.com)
- This topic has been covered by our local coaching circle and we have made great strides in understanding how and what iron levels to check for. (letsrun.com)
- Anyone have any advice on how to get the iron (and ferratin levels) up? (letsrun.com)
- What injuries come from low iron levels? (letsrun.com)
Fewer red blood1
- Iron horse " is an iconic literary term (currently transitioning into an archaic reference ) for a steam locomotive, originating in the early Victorian culture (1825-35 ) when horses still powered most machinery, excepting windmills and stationary steam engines. (wikipedia.org)
- An even steam distribution softens the fabric and irons out the wrinkles. (panasonic.com)
- The carbon monoxide affinities of iron complexes of meso-tetra (alpha, alpha, alpha, alpha-o-pivalamidophenyl)porphyrin (the "picket fence" porphyrin) and of a "picket fence" porphyrin derivative with an appended axial base have been measured in solution and compared with the CO affinities of various hemoproteins. (pnas.org)