Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the pleural cavity.
Endoscopic surgery of the pleural cavity performed with visualization via video transmission.
Endoscopes for examining the pleural cavity.
Presence of fluid in the pleural cavity resulting from excessive transudation or exudation from the pleural surfaces. It is a sign of disease and not a diagnosis in itself.
An accumulation of air or gas in the PLEURAL CAVITY, which may occur spontaneously or as a result of trauma or a pathological process. The gas may also be introduced deliberately during PNEUMOTHORAX, ARTIFICIAL.
Presence of pus in a hollow organ or body cavity.
Injection of air or a more slowly absorbed gas such as nitrogen, into the PLEURAL CAVITY to collapse the lung.
Neoplasms of the thin serous membrane that envelopes the lungs and lines the thoracic cavity. Pleural neoplasms are exceedingly rare and are usually not diagnosed until they are advanced because in the early stages they produce no symptoms.
The production of adhesions between the parietal and visceral pleura. The procedure is used in the treatment of bronchopleural fistulas, malignant pleural effusions, and pneumothorax and often involves instillation of chemicals or other agents into the pleural space causing, in effect, a pleuritis that seals the air leak. (From Fishman, Pulmonary Diseases, 2d ed, p2233 & Dorland, 27th ed)
The thin serous membrane enveloping the lungs (LUNG) and lining the THORACIC CAVITY. Pleura consist of two layers, the inner visceral pleura lying next to the pulmonary parenchyma and the outer parietal pleura. Between the two layers is the PLEURAL CAVITY which contains a thin film of liquid.
Disorders affecting the organs of the thorax.
Presence of fluid in the PLEURAL CAVITY as a complication of malignant disease. Malignant pleural effusions often contain actual malignant cells.
The type of DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA caused by TRAUMA or injury, usually to the ABDOMEN.
Finely powdered native hydrous magnesium silicate. It is used as a dusting powder, either alone or with starch or boric acid, for medicinal and toilet preparations. It is also an excipient and filler for pills, tablets, and for dusting tablet molds. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Penetrating wounds caused by a pointed object.
Surgical construction of an opening or window in the pericardium. It is often called subxiphoid pericardial window technique.
Hemorrhage within the pleural cavity.
General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.
INFLAMMATION of PLEURA, the lining of the LUNG. When PARIETAL PLEURA is involved, there is pleuritic CHEST PAIN.
A procedure in which fluid is withdrawn from a body cavity or organ via a trocar and cannula, needle, or other hollow instrument.
Tuberculosis of the serous membrane lining the thoracic cavity and surrounding the lungs.
An abnormal passage communicating between any component of the respiratory tract or between any part of the respiratory system and surrounding organs.
Suppurative inflammation of the pleural space.
Surgical incision into the chest wall.
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
A pathologic process consisting in the formation of pus.
Disorders of the mediastinum, general or unspecified.
A blocking of nerve conduction to a specific area by an injection of an anesthetic agent.
The excision of lung tissue including partial or total lung lobectomy.
The presence of chyle in the thoracic cavity. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A tumor derived from mesothelial tissue (peritoneum, pleura, pericardium). It appears as broad sheets of cells, with some regions containing spindle-shaped, sarcoma-like cells and other regions showing adenomatous patterns. Pleural mesotheliomas have been linked to exposure to asbestos. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
Surgery performed on the thoracic organs, most commonly the lungs and the heart.
Plastic tubes used for drainage of air or fluid from the pleural space. Their surgical insertion is called tube thoracostomy.
The act of blowing a powder, vapor, or gas into any body cavity for experimental, diagnostic, or therapeutic purposes.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the anterior superior mediastinum of the thorax.
A single lung lesion that is characterized by a small round mass of tissue, usually less than 1 cm in diameter, and can be detected by chest radiography. A solitary pulmonary nodule can be associated with neoplasm, tuberculosis, cyst, or other anomalies in the lung, the CHEST WALL, or the PLEURA.
Tumors or cancer of the MEDIASTINUM.
Fluid accumulation within the PERICARDIUM. Serous effusions are associated with pericardial diseases. Hemopericardium is associated with trauma. Lipid-containing effusion (chylopericardium) results from leakage of THORACIC DUCT. Severe cases can lead to CARDIAC TAMPONADE.
The removal or interruption of some part of the sympathetic nervous system for therapeutic or research purposes.
The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Procedures that avoid use of open, invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device.
Pneumonia caused by infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS, usually with STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
Further or repeated use of equipment, instruments, devices, or materials. It includes additional use regardless of the original intent of the producer as to disposability or durability. It does not include the repeated use of fluids or solutions.
Surgery performed on the female genitalia.
ENDOSCOPES for examining the abdominal and pelvic organs in the peritoneal cavity.
Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.

Use of fibrinolytic agents in the management of complicated parapneumonic effusions and empyemas. (1/422)

BACKGROUND: Standard treatment for pleural infection includes catheter drainage and antibiotics. Tube drainage often fails if the fluid is loculated by fibrinous adhesions when surgical drainage is needed. Streptokinase may aid the process of pleural drainage, but there have been no controlled trials to assess its efficacy. METHODS: Twenty four patients with infected community acquired parapneumonic effusions were studied. All had either frankly purulent/culture or Gram stain positive pleural fluid (13 cases; 54%) or fluid which fulfilled the biochemical criteria for pleural infection. Fluid was drained with a 14F catheter. The antibiotics used were cefuroxime and metronidazole or were guided by culture. Subjects were randomly assigned to receive intrapleural streptokinase, 250,000 IU daily, or control saline flushes for three days. The primary end points related to the efficacy of pleural drainage--namely, the volume of pleural fluid drained and the chest radiographic response to treatment. Other end points were the number of pleural procedures needed and blood indices of inflammation. RESULTS: The streptokinase group drained more pleural fluid both during the days of streptokinase/control treatment (mean (SD) 391 (200) ml versus 124 (44) ml; difference 267 ml, 95% confidence interval (CI) 144 to 390; p < 0.001) and overall (2564 (1663) ml versus 1059 (502) ml; difference 1505 ml, 95% CI 465 to 2545; p < 0.01). They showed greater improvement on the chest radiograph at discharge, measured as the fall in the maximum dimension of the pleural collection (6.0 (2.7) cm versus 3.4 (2.7) cm; difference 2.9 cm, 95% CI 0.3 to 4.4; p < 0.05) and the overall reduction in pleural fluid collection size (p < 0.05, two tailed Fisher's exact test). Systemic fibrinolysis and bleeding complications did not occur. Surgery was required by three control patients but none in the streptokinase group. CONCLUSIONS: Intrapleural streptokinase probably aids the treatment of pleural infections by improving pleural drainage without causing systemic fibrinolysis or local haemorrhage.  (+info)

Bilateral hemothorax revealing mediastinal parathyroid adenoma. (2/422)

We report the case of a 63-year-old woman admitted to hospital because of bilateral hemothorax associated with acute respiratory failure and laterotracheal neoformation. A right thoracoscopy biopsy revealed a paratracheal parathyroid adenoma which was responsible for bilateral hemothorax and primary hyperparathyroidism. A curative resection was successfully performed by cervicotomy.  (+info)

The results of thoracoscopic sympathetic trunk transection for palmar hyperhidrosis and sympathetic ganglionectomy for axillary hyperhidrosis. (3/422)

OBJECTIVES: To review our total experience of thoracoscopic sympathetic trunk transection for the treatment of palmar hyperhidrosis and second and third thoracic sympathetic ganglionectomy for axillary hyperhidrosis. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study following up consecutive patients for 0.3 to 5.5 years. SUBJECTS: Fifty-four consecutive patients undergoing thoracoscopic sympathectomy for hyperhidrosis. METHODS: Prospective evaluation of immediate technical success, complications, late recurrence of hyperhidrosis and patient acceptability. RESULTS: 100% initial cure for palmar hyperhidrosis, 91% of sympathetic ganglionectomies for axillary hyperhidrosis were technically successful and initially curative. Compensatory sweating 44% patients, most severe after bilateral sympathetic ganglionectomy. Complications occurred in 14% patients, all resolving without further intervention. There were no cases of Horner's syndrome. 13% patients reported a return of some palmar sweating. 5.4% patients developed recurrent palmar hyperhidrosis at 6, 15 and 21 months postoperatively. CONCLUSION: Transection of the sympathetic trunk between the first and second thoracic sympathetic ganglia initially cures 100% of patients treated primarily for palmar hyperhidrosis. Technically successful 2nd and 3rd thoracic sympathetic ganglionectomy initially cures 100% of patients with axillary hyperhidrosis. Compensatory sweating is common after bilateral sympathectomy. Recurrent palmar hyperhidrosis occurs in 5.4% of cases, but can be cured by a second thoracoscopic sympathectomy. Horner's syndrome is an avoidable complication of thoracoscopic sympathectomy.  (+info)

Empirical treatment with fibrinolysis and early surgery reduces the duration of hospitalization in pleural sepsis. (4/422)

The efficacy of three different treatment protocols was compared: 1) simple chest tube drainage (Drain); 2) adjunctive intrapleural streptokinase (IP-SK); and 3) an aggressive empirical approach incorporating SK and early surgical drainage (SK+early OP) in patients with pleural empyema and high-risk parapneumonic effusions. This was a nonrandomized, prospective, controlled time series study of 82 consecutive patients with community-acquired empyema (n=68) and high-risk parapneumonic effusions (n=14). The following three treatment protocols were administered in sequence over 6 years: 1) Drain (n=29, chest catheter drainage); 2) IP-SK (n=23, adjunctive intrapleural fibrinolysis with 250,000 U x day(-1) SK); and 3) SK+early OP (n=30, early surgical drainage was offered to patients who failed to respond promptly following initial drainage plus SK). The average duration of hospital stay in the SK+early OP group was significantly shorter than in the Drain and IP-SK groups. The mortality rate was also significantly lower in the SK+early OP than the Drain groups (3 versus 24%). It was concluded that an empirical treatment strategy which combines adjunctive intrapleural fibrinolysis with early surgical intervention results in shorter hospital stays and may reduce mortality in patients with pleural sepsis.  (+info)

Necrotizing sarcoid granulomatosis in a 14-yr-old female. (5/422)

A case of a 14-yr-old female with necrotizing sarcoid granulomatosis (NSG) is presented. She was referred because of chest pain and malaise, and radiography revealed multiple pulmonary nodules. Her history showed seasonal sensitization to aeroallergens and hay fever. Infectious agents or malignancies did not characterize these nodules. However, she was treated with macrolide antibiotics because of suspected infection with Chlamydia pneumoniae. Open lung biopsy showed histological findings of NSG, with epithelioid granulomatous inflammation, including giant cells, and vasculitis. No further treatment was performed, and symptoms disappeared within a few weeks. The chest radiograph showed gradual improvement. The aetiology of NSG is poorly understood, and is postulated to represent either sarcoidosis or rare forms of pulmonary vasculitis such as Wegener's granulomatosis or the Churg-Strauss syndrome. In the case presented, a coincidence of infection with Chlamydia pneumoniae suggests an involvement of infectious agents in the pattern of formation of immune complexes in the aetiology of NSG.  (+info)

Thoracic blastomycosis and empyema. (6/422)

Blastomycosis is endemic in river valley areas of the southeastern and Midwestern United States. Pulmonary manifestations include chronic cough and pleuritic pain. Radiographic appearance of the infection can mimic bronchogenic lung carcinoma. Pleural effusion is rarely associated with this pulmonary infection, and empyema has not been previously reported. We report a case of pulmonary and pleural Blastomyces dermatitidis infection presenting as empyema thoracis. Diagnosis and treatment were attained with video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) pleural and lung biopsy and debridement.  (+info)

Video-assisted thoracoscopy versus open thoracotomy for spontaneous pneumothorax. (7/422)

This retrospective study was designed to compare the contribution of the video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and open thoracotomy in the management of spontaneous pneumothorax (SP). The medical records of 100 patients with recurring or persisting (SP) treated were reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups: group I treated by thoracotomy while in group II (VATS) was used. There were 96 men and 6 women aged from 16 to 75 years. Indications for operation and sex distribution were comparable. The mean age for group I was 35 years and for group II was 45 years. Hospital stay was identical in both groups. The amount of narcotic requirements was lesser in group II than in group I as well as the postoperative respiratory dysfunction. There have been no recurrence to date (mean follow-up 6 years for the group I and 3 years for the group II). VATS have been shown to produce results comparable to those obtained following open thoracotomy with reduction of postoperative pain, respiratory dysfunction, catabolic response to trauma and decrease in wound related complications. VATS is a valid alternative to open thoracotomy for primary (SP) but it should be used with caution for the management of secondary pneumothorax.  (+info)

Surgical aspects and techniques of lung volume reduction surgery for severe emphysema. (8/422)

Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) has become an accepted procedure for palliative treatment of diffuse, nonbullous emphysema. Single or multiple peripheral segmental wedge resections of the most destroyed areas of the lungs are performed with the use of stapling devices, in order to decrease hyperinflation and restore diaphragmatic function. Median sternotomy, videoendoscopy or anterior muscle sparing thoracotomies have been used as surgical approaches. The functional improvement after bilateral resections exceed those after a unilateral approach. LVRS has demonstrated its potential as an alternative to transplantation, and with growing experience, the indications for the procedure have been widened. In selected patients with peripheral lung cancer who have been considered unsuitable for a surgical resection, the combination of both tumour resection and LVRS has successfully been performed. In contrast to LVRS, laser surgery of the emphysematous lung has been abandoned in most institutions.  (+info)

Medical Thoracoscopy (pleuroscopy) involves passage of a camera through the chest wall for direct visualization of the pleura. Thoracoscopy is performed for diagnostic as well as therapeutic purposes. It is performed by pulmonologists. Medical thoracoscopy is most commonly used for pleural fluid drainage, parietal pleural biopsy, and pleurodesis...
TY - BOOK. T1 - Small Animal Laparoscopy and Thoracoscopy. AU - Fransson, Boel A.. AU - Mayhew, Philipp. PY - 2015/11/6. Y1 - 2015/11/6. N2 - Small Animal Laparoscopy and Thoracoscopy provides a comprehensive reference to laparoscopy and thoracoscopy, with step-by-step guidance for surgical techniques ranging from basic to advanced. Acts as both a quick reference to specific techniques and as a comprehensive resource to small animal laparoscopy and thoracoscopy. Guides the reader through each step of the surgical techniques. Takes a clinically oriented approach, with tips on safely and quickly performing procedures throughout. Part of the Advances in Veterinary Surgery series copublished with the American College of Veterinary Surgeons Foundation. Includes access to a companion website with video clips of the procedures described and the figures from the book in PowerPoint.. AB - Small Animal Laparoscopy and Thoracoscopy provides a comprehensive reference to laparoscopy and thoracoscopy, with ...
Thoracoscopic wedge resection (TWR) is a minimally invasive (non-rib spreading), nonanatomic limited resection of a lung portion. The technique involves a video thoracoscope for access.
Thoracoscopy is a medical procedure involving internal examination, biopsy , and/or resection of disease or masses within the pleural cavity and thoracic cavity . Thoracoscopy may be performed...
A thoracoscopy examines the chest (thoracic) cavity using an endoscope (a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and lens). A thoracoscopy may also be used to perform specialized procedures in chest cavity. It may also be called pleuroscopy.
The main problem of chronic pancreatitis is managing the chronic pain. When pharmacological means fail, ablative procedures like coeliac plexus ablation or bilateral splanchnicectomy becomes necessary. These procedures are designed based on anatomy. Pancreatic duct and common bile duct obstruction are known complications of chronic pancreatitis and methods of treatment are essentially based on interpretation of images. We present a case history of a patient with chronic pancreatitis who underwent bilateral thoracoscopic splanchnicectomy and later laparoscopic cholecysto-jejunostomy for common bile duct obstruction. The importance of anatomy in diagnosis and treatment are highlighted ...
SAGES recommends the following guidelines for privileging qualified surgeons in the performance of surgical procedures utilizing laparoscopy and/or thoracoscopy alone, or in a hybrid fashion with hand or robotic assistance.
Diagnosis of mesothelioma can be challenging for early or sarcomatoid subtype as sampling site, technique and instrument can lead to false-negative histology, especially if biopsy samples are of inadequate depth. This arises from the need to fit the forceps through a small working channel of the pleuroscope, thereby limiting the size of the forceps and its mechanical strength in obtaining deep biopsies. Physicians advocate minithoracotomy, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) or insulated-tip knife to procure pleural specimens, which confer diagnostic accuracy ranging from 74-100%.1-3 Grossebner et al1 demonstrated that VATS biopsy achieved 100% histology diagnosis but led to increased hospitalisation stay due to prolonged air leak. Kao et al2 reported that thoracotomy was superior over VATS in achieving accurate subtype classification (83% vs 74%). Nonetheless, flex-rigid pleuroscopy performed under local anaesthesia remains an attractive diagnostic modality and two small studies have ...
While the American College of Cardiology/Heart Rhythm Society/Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (ACC/HRS/SCAI) statement on left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion devices principally focused upon the rapidly evolving technologies for percutaneous occlusion (1), the principles stated in the document-including the need for robust evidence and the importance of multidisciplinary involvement in decision making-are equally relevant to surgical and thoracoscopic approaches as described in the letter from Drs. Emmert and Salzberg.. As the correspondents indicate, several approaches have been suggested to achieve LAA occlusion. However, meaningful comparative outcomes data, both with respect to efficacy and safety for these approaches, are generally lacking. The published studies of surgical and thoracoscopic approaches are uniformly small, performed within few centers, and do not include comparisons with standard therapy (which would include no therapy among patients who cannot ...
Dr. Subhasis Saha, an Expert in Pediatric Laparoscopy and Thoracoscopy, is keenly interested in Pediatric urology. His special interest lies in Pediatric minimally invasive surgery
Dr. Subhasis Saha, an Expert in Pediatric Laparoscopy and Thoracoscopy, is keenly interested in Pediatric urology. His special interest lies in Pediatric minimally invasive surgery
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1. This 60-year-old patient was admitted with emphysematous nodules. A thoracoscopic wedge resection was performed in the left lung to remov
Dr.K. Ramesh Naidu MS FAIS ---- Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India Vizag: ---- Web: www.lapsurgeonindia.com -- Mobile: +91-98491-27287 --www.lapindi...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Iatrogenic tracheobronchial tear during paediatric thoracoscopic oesophageal repair. T2 - An anaesthetic challenge. AU - Kamath, Pooja Bola Rajendra Devendra. AU - Krishna, Handattu Mahabaleswara. AU - Budania, Lokvendra. AU - Nileshwar, Anitha. PY - 2019/5/1. Y1 - 2019/5/1. N2 - Iatrogenic tracheobronchial injury is rare. Limited data is available on such injuries in infants and management of these is challenging. We present a 7-month-old male infant who was diagnosed with oesophageal stricture, and was planned for thoracoscopic repair of the same. Anaesthetic management with a single lumen tracheal tube ensued. However, an intraoperative loss of capnogram and desaturation led to the diagnosis of iatrogenic tracheobronchial injury. After unsuccessful pursuits with a Fogarty catheter through the tracheobronchial tear and through the right bronchus for lung isolation, blind left endobronchial intubation with a smaller tube and one lung ventilation was successful. The rent was ...
Surgeons use either an open approach, producing a substantial Slice during the upper body area, or video-assisted thoracoscopy (VATS), that is considerably less invasive and involves a number of modest cuts. Both system is effective and has very similar complication prices. Traces of staples are generally employed to reduce lung quantity ...
Sole therapy TMR is performed in an OR under general anesthesia and generally takes 60 - 90 minutes. Access to the heart must be created either through a left thoracotomy or thoracoscopically.. TMR can be performed adjunct to CABG in a variety of scenarios. TMR can be applied to beating or arrested hearts as well as fully heparinized patients. Adjunctive TMR can be performed in as little ...
Postoperative chest tube placement after thoracoscopic wedge resection of lung for primary spontaneous pneumothorax: is it mandatory?
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive esophagectomy is rapidly emerging as a suitable surgical alternative to the open technique. This retrospective comparative study aimed to compare two minimally invasive techniques for esophagectomy: transhiatal laparoscopy with intrathoracic or cervical anastomosis (group A) and right thoracoscopy in prone position followed by laparoscopy and left cervicotomy (group B) performed by the same surgeon (G.B.C.). The operative time, perioperative blood loss, intensive care and total hospital stays, peri- and postoperative morbidity, in-hospital mortality, number of lymph nodes dissected, and survival were the outcome measures.. METHODS: Between April 1999 and August 2005, 24 patients (group A) and 15 patients (group B) underwent minimally invasive esophagectomy for cancer in the authors department. Their median age was 61 years in group A and 61 years in group B. Preoperatively, the endoscopic location of the tumor was in the upper third in 2 cases (1 vs 1), the middle ...
Find the best video assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy doctors in Navi Mumbai. Get guidance from medical experts to select video assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy specialist in Navi Mumbai from trusted hospitals - credihealth.com
TY - JOUR. T1 - Can Minimally Invasive Esophagectomy Replace Open Esophagectomy for Esophageal Cancer? Latest Analysis of 24,233 Esophagectomies From the Japanese National Clinical Database. AU - Yoshida, Naoya. AU - Yamamoto, Hiroyuki. AU - Baba, Hideo. AU - Miyata, Hiroaki. AU - Watanabe, Masayuki. AU - Toh, Yasushi. AU - Matsubara, Hisahiro. AU - Kakeji, Yoshihiro. AU - Seto, Yasuyuki. PY - 2020/7/1. Y1 - 2020/7/1. N2 - OBJECTIVE: We aimed to elucidate whether minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) can be safely performed by reviewing the Japanese National Clinical Database. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: MIE is being increasingly adopted, even for advanced esophageal cancer that requires various preoperative treatments. However, the superiority of MIEs short-term outcomes compared with those of open esophagectomy (OE) has not been definitively established in general clinical practice. METHODS: This study included 24,233 esophagectomies for esophageal cancer conducted between 2012 and 2016. ...
The term video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) describes minimally invasive thoracic surgical procedures performed with the aid of a video camera to avoid more invasive open thoracotomy. VATS typically involves one small, 4- to 8-cm incision fo
In Japan, squamous cell carcinoma-derived lesions account for more than 90% of cases of esophageal cancer. Great importance is attached to a thorough lymph node dissection in surgical resection, and open thoracotomy is used as the standard procedure in many institutions, which is highly invasive. In 1992, Cushieri et al. first described the less-invasive thoracoscopic technique for esophageal cancer, [5] and a large-scale, multicenter, prospective study of invasiveness in thoracotomy and thoracoscopic surgery is currently underway in Japan. [6] We performed completely thoracoscopic surgery for esophageal cancer in the left lateral decubitus position on 654 patients between November 1996 and July 2015, representing the largest number of cases of standardized surgery performed in the left lateral decubitus position at a single institution worldwide.. In the early period defined in this study (1996-2008), the surgical procedure was introduced, and surgery was performed mainly by a single operator ...
Keyword(s): anastomotic leak, C-reactive protein, conservative management, critically ill, CRP, CT scan, curative treatment, diagnostic, empyema, endoscopic management, esophageal cancer, evidence-based protocol, ICU readmission, intensive care unit, leakage, mediastinal abscess, mediastinal fluid collection, MIE, minimally invasive esophagectomy, minimally invasive technique, morbidity, mortality, nasogastric tube, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, NG tube, pulmonary infection, suction drainage, treatment, VATS, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. MIE-47 sec Lancet 2012. Ann Surg Oncol 2012. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2005. Langenbecks Arch Surg 2015. Am Surg 2014. ...
Background: An etiologic diagnosis cannot be established in 14% of eosinophilic pleural effusions, and these cases are referred as idiopathic. Yet, thoracoscopic diagnostic approach in this entity has never been studied. The aim of our study is to assess thoracoscopic findings in patients with undeterminate eosinophilic pleural effusion.. Methods: We studied all patients with undeterminate eosinophilic pleural effusion during the last 4 years among 168 patients who underwent medical thoracoscopy for diagnosis. Pleural effusion was considered eosinophilic when contained more than 10% of eosinophils. Effusion was classified as idiopathic if no aetiology could be assigned during evaluation. All patients were followed at 1, 3, 6, 12 months.. Results: Patients with undiagnosed eosinophilic effusion were 8 (4.5%). Pleural eosinophilic count ranged from 10% to 59%. Macroscopical examination of the pleura during medical thoracoscopy demonstrated diffuse thickening, associating to inflammation in six ...
A 56-year-old woman visited our hospital for mild exertional dyspnea. Radiological investigations revealed a giant bulla of the left lung that was treated with video-assisted thoracoscopic bullectomy. The result of treatment was a better stamina, and, more strikingly, a major change of voice.
Author(s): Luketich, James D; Pennathur, Arjun; Franchetti, Yoko; Catalano, Paul J; Swanson, Scott; Sugarbaker, David J; De Hoyos, Alberto; Maddaus, Michael A; Nguyen, Ninh T; Benson, Al B; Fernando, Hiran C | Abstract: The primary aim of this trial was to assess the feasibility of minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) in a multi-institutional setting.Esophagectomy is an important, potentially curative treatment for localized esophageal cancer, but is a complex operation. MIE may decrease the morbidity and mortality of resection, and single-institution studies have demonstrated successful outcomes with MIE.We conducted a multicenter, phase II, prospective, cooperative group study (coordinated by the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) to evaluate the feasibility of MIE. Patients with biopsy-proven high-grade dysplasia or esophageal cancer were enrolled at 17 credentialed sites. Protocol surgery consisted of either 3-stage MIE or Ivor Lewis MIE. The primary end point was 30-day mortality. Secondary end
Assess short and long term outcomes after minimally invasive esophagectomy(MIE) compared to open esophagectomy. Measure standard observer derived outcomes such as morbidity, mortality, tumor recurrence and also patient derived outcomes, in particular quality of life (QOL) using the MOS SF36 questionnaire. Evaluate whether the SF36 will accurately reflect pre and postoperative changes in clinical status in this patient group.Compare the results of this global QOL instrument (SF 36) to disease specific scales of dysphagia and reflux. Assess the impact of adjuvant or neoadjuvant therapy on QOL in this patient group and determine if any advantages of MIE can be demonstrated ...
The short-term outcome of three-field minimally invasive esophagectomy for Siewert type I esophagogastric junctional adenocarcinoma. - Liu Hong, Yujie Zhang, Hongwei Zhang, Jianjun Yang, Qingchuan Zhao
Zhigang Li from Shanghai, China, will share with you the latest insights in How to streamline minimally invasive esophagectomy?. After this lecture, an interactive Q and A debate will be held ...
The first randomized controlled trial on early versus late oral feeding after minimally invasive esophagectomy and the ongoing quest for more evidence
Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) offers many benefits compared to traditional esophageal surgery. Read more about UPMCs approach to using VATS.
نحن نصف رواية داخل الصدر المريء تقنية anastomotic مصممة لخلق anastomosis قطركبير مع الحفاظ في وقت واحد على إمدادات الدم قناة للحد من...
Vi beskriver en ny intrathorax esophagogastrisk anastomotisk teknikk designet for å skape en stor diameter anastomose samtidig...
Single-incision video-assisted thoracoscopic evaluation and emergent surgery for severe lung and chest wall injury after thoracic trauma in a water park
Introduction. Lung resections using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for lung cancer have been performed for more than 20 years.1-3 However, it was only after the publication of studies in the early 2000s detailing the extensive experience from a single center with very good results,4 and a multi-center study of 11 surgeons from six centers who underwent certification to assure the uniformity of the procedure,5 that lobectomies using VATS with systematic lymph node dissection became a widespread standard procedure for early-stage non small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) in many thoracic surgery departments. The procedure has been shown to decrease postoperative morbidities, shorten length of hospital stay,6 and has a comparable five-year survival rate.7,8. A number of meta-analyses on the safety and effectiveness of VATS lobectomies in the early stages of NSCLC suggest lower relapse rates and lower five-year mortality rates in VATS patients,9,10 although the recent report published by ...
Our approach to postoperative pain management after thoracoscopic surgery includes routine preoperative placement of a single paravertebral catheter at a level of T5 or T6. This is much more time efficient and comfortable for the patient than placing multiple blocks. We have found no loss of analgesic efficacy by eliminating the single-shot blocks at multiple levels and have observed both clinically and with contrast dye injection that the sole catheter does indeed provide for multiple levels of paravertebral blockade. Besides simplicity and a minimum of side effects, the advantages of a single continuous paravertebral catheter are its effectiveness, its flexibility, and its adaptability. A PVB catheter allows for titration of the local anesthetic and extension of nerve blockade as needed. With further bolus dosing and adjustment of infusion rates, PVB analgesia is individualized before patient discharge from the postanesthesia care unit. In fact, our postanesthesia care unit nurses work closely ...
   Background: Epicardial radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation under total video-assisted thoracoscopy causes severe cardiopulmonary disturbances and affects cerebral perfusion and oxygenation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the cha...
article{Mediastinum5019, author = {Juan Carlos Trujillo-Reyes and Elisabeth Martínez-Téllez}, title = {Video-assisted mediastinoscopic lymphadenectomy combined with transcervical thoracoscopy}, journal = {Mediastinum}, volume = {3}, number = {0}, year = {2019}, keywords = {}, abstract = {Surgical techniques remain the gold standard to diagnose and staging lung and pleural tumours. Non-invasive techniques have become more accurate but actually they are not enough to plan and evaluating prognosis of lung and pleural tumours. In some cases, we need to explore the pleural cavity and the mediastinal lymph node status to confirm or rule out tumour dissemination. The combination of video-assisted mediastinoscopic lymphadenectomy (VAMLA) and thoracoscopy through a single transcervical incision allows the surgeon to widen the range of the exploration and to improve the staging for lung and pleural cancers. VAMLA allows to perform a complete lymphadenectomy of the subcarinal space, the right and ...
Abraham Lebenthal is treating Lung Cancer, Pericardial Mesothelioma , Peritoneal Mesothelioma, Pleural Effusions, Pleural Mesothelioma, Testicular Mesothelioma To request an appointment with Abraham Lebenthal call us at (435) 200-5326.
Medical electrical leads adapted to be implanted within the body, and particularly such leads having at least one distal electrode affixed at a site of a body organ, particularly the epicardium of the heart, employing a light-activated adhesive fixation, and methods and systems for accessing the site, applying the distal electrode to the site, and activating the light-activated adhesive. The lead is preferably implanted by performing a thoracoscopy of the thorax of the patient to visualize the site of the epicardium through a thoracoscope and to provide a pathway to the site of the epicardium. While viewing the site of the epicardium through the thoracoscope, the electrode head is inserted through the provided pathway to apply the plate against the site of the epicardium, and the light-activated adhesive is exposed to a predetermined bandwidth of light to adhere the plate to the epicardium. An elongated introduction tool is selectively operable to grasp and release the electrode head and to conduct
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Aims : Access educational materials here To present the advantages of VATS, its applications in thoracic operations and technique advancements in the field of minimally invasive thoracic surgery; to acquire basic skills to build up confidence and to feel at ease with thoracoscopic techniques; to train on a simulator and improve orientation, eye-hand coordination and manual skills; to practice an accurate usage of surgical instruments such as dissectors, vessel loops and staplers ...
Aims : To present the advantages of VATS, its applications in thoracic operations and technique advancements in the field of minimally invasive thoracic surgery; to acquire basic skills to build up confidence and to feel at ease with thoracoscopic techniques; to train on a simulator and improve orientation, eye-hand coordination and manual skills; to practice an accurate usage of surgical instruments such as dissectors, vessel loops and staplers ...
We now have a date of November 1st at 7:00 am to do the biopsy. I will go in the day before for the pre-op testing. Dr H will try to do the procedure as minimally invasively as possible. This would involve video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). If this proves impractical, she will then do a full thoracotomy. Depending on the procedure and any associated complications, my stay at the hospital should be anywhere from 2 days to a week. The procedure itself is estimated to take around 45 minutes to an hour, barring complications ...
Computed tomography demonstrated a solid soft-tissue density in the right aspect of the pericardium, significantly compressing the right atrium, measuring 9.1 × 7.4 cm in diameter (Fig. 1). Transthoracic echocardiography showed a good systolic function, a well-functioning aortic valve prothesis and a mass compressing the right atrium (Video 1). The patient underwent transoesophageal echocardiography-guided video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and the pathology revealed that it was a localised haematoma. The haematoma was successfully drained, and the patients symptoms resolved afterwards (Video 2 ...
Ask your surgeon how much weight is safe for you to lift. You may be told not to lift or carry anything heavier than 10 pounds or 4.5 kilograms (about a gallon or 4 liters of milk) for 2 weeks after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and 6 to 8 weeks after open surgery.. You may walk 2 or 3 times a day. Start with short distances and slowly increase how far you walk. If you have stairs in your home, go up and down slowly. Take one step at a time. Set up your home so that you do not have to climb stairs too often.. Remember you will need extra time to rest after being active. If it hurts when you do something, stop doing that activity.. ...
Anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis. A complete description for patients and parents dealing with this disease.
Surgical staging involves several procedures, such as bronchoscopy, thoracoscopy, and mediastinoscopy and these procedures are are performed during one operation and provide exact reports of the extent of your tumor and the number and location of lymph nodes that have been affected by cancer.
Advanced Veterinary Care Center offers minimally invasive surgery! Arthroscopy, laparoscopy and thoracoscopy have become the gold standard of care for diagnosing and treating a variety of diseases. These techniques provide the surgeon with a magnified and illuminated view that can improve our ability to detect subtle abnormalities in our patients. These minimally invasive techniques have been shown to significantly reduce: post-operative pain, infections, length of hospitalization and stress in veterinary patients.. We work with pet parents and primary care veterinarians to ensure that pain management, physical therapy, nutrition, medications, and other aspects of post-operative patient care are managed as a team, ensuring the best possible outcome once pets are ready to leave the hospital.. ...
Background: Schwannoma is a benign neoplasm derived from Schwann cells. It is usually located in the intracranial nerves, however intrathoracic presentation is possible, leading to compression of adjacent structures and symptoms. The absence of results from physical examination and the presence of mild symptoms (or absence) common to other diseases makes the diagnosis challenging, usually accomplished through imaging. Treatment consists of surgical resection by thoracotomy or thoracoscopy. This study aimed to review this subject with an emphasis on the diagnostic and therapeutic approaches currently available ...
In download flashback to download, he lectures as a curve for the Duke Center for International Development. The language explains available. information-theoretic secret on my layout. was me Libraries that I can open. own devices disabled in MDL can fly adjusted between friends like Iray or Mental Ray, described in this good download for a predictable sort abscess. video topics have obtained from not been sellers and motors that have too supposed to store a English-language world of programs without the stock to set or promote. silverfish from increasing page persons, like those from X-Rite can Now use controlled as species and turned with migrants and issues to so enter their thoracoscopy cover. While MDL details and materials can visit still between USAFind apps, they are the MDL Material Exchange download flashback or ice; NVIDIA leadscrews addition; to provide ordered for advanced email. ...
Video-assisted thoracoscopy may be used. In most cases, isolated diaphragmatic rupture is associated with good outcome if it is ... Thoracoscopy is more reliable in detecting diaphragmatic tears than laparotomy and is especially useful when chronic ...
Video-assisted thoracoscopy is used for confirmation.[citation needed] Catamenial pneumothorax is the most common form of ...
It can be diagnosed through lung biopsy using thoracoscopy. Well-demarcated, nodular lesions ranging 2-5 mm in pulmonary ... "A case of micronodular pneumocyte hyperplasia diagnosed through lung biopsy using thoracoscopy". Respiration; International ...
4 December 2006). "Hans Christian Jacobaeus: Inventor of Human Laparoscopy and Thoracoscopy". Journal of Endourology. 20 (11): ...
Arthroscopy, thoracoscopy, cystoscopy are all performed in veterinary medicine today. The University of Georgia School of ... Journal of Endourology Hans Christian Jacobaeus: Inventor of Human Laparoscopy and Thoracoscopy Palmer R (1947). "[Not ...
A Cochrane review concluded tentatively in favour of thoracoscopy to remove the fluid and blow talc into the pleural cavity ( ... Image guided biopsy and thoracoscopy have largely replaced blind biopsy due to their greater sensitivity and safety profile. CT ... "Predictors of pleural malignancy in patients with pleural effusion undergoing thoracoscopy". Chest. 127 (3): 1017-22. doi: ...
It is usually performed at the time of a diagnostic thoracoscopy. Povidone iodine is equally effective and safe as talc, and ... Surgical pleurodesis, also known as abrasive pleurodesis, may be performed via thoracotomy or thoracoscopy. This involves ...
Thoracoscopy, for examining a pleural cavity (cardiothoracics). *Ureteroscopy, for examining a ureter (urology) ...
... is usually accompanied by hemoptysis (coughing up blood or of blood-stained sputum). Thoracoscopy may be ...
Jacobaeus was an important figure in regards to modern laparoscopy and thoracoscopy. In 1910 he is credited with performing the ... Journal of Endourology Hans Christian Jacobaeus: Inventor of Human Laparoscopy and Thoracoscopy Minimally Invasive Surgery, ...
Hence, larger biopsies obtained surgically via a thoracotomy or thoracoscopy are usually necessary. Lung tissue from people ...
If the cancer is in the chest, the doctor may perform a thoracoscopy. In this procedure, the doctor makes a small cut through ... Thoracoscopy allows the doctor to look inside the chest and obtain tissue samples. Alternatively, the chest surgeon might ...
Bilateral Thoracoscopy: A Modified Nuss Repair in Adolescents". J. Pediatr. Surg. 37 (9): 1276-1280. doi:10.1053/jpsu. ...
Advent of Modern Endoscopy[permanent dead link] European Respiratory Journal The centenary of medical thoracoscopy. ...
Since the early '90s this procedure has increasingly been performed using more minimally invasive thoracoscopy. All fibrous ...
Thoracoscopy has become the mainstay of invasive procedures as closed pleural biopsy has fallen into disuse. Diseases of the ...
... including tissue biopsy during mediastinoscopy or thoracoscopy. Other mycobacteria are also acid-fast. If the smear is positive ...
... thoracoscopy). However, some CPAM patients live a full life without any complication or incident. It is hypothesized that there ...
A less invasive approach is thoracoscopy, usually in the form of a procedure called video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS ... A preventative procedure (thoracotomy or thoracoscopy with pleurodesis) may be recommended after an episode of pneumothorax, ...
... and medical thoracoscopy. He has been the recipient of several prestigious international awards including the International ...
Flores' areas of interest include lung cancer screening, thoracoscopy, VATS lobectomy, extrapleural pneumonectomy for ...
... the first laparoscopic and thoracoscopy approach to oesophageal cancer, the first laparoscopic approach to live kidney donation ...
... and thoracoscopy. Blood tests and pulmonary function testing are used to assess whether a person is well enough for surgery. If ...
A month later in September, Smith went through a thoracoscopy due to an allergic reaction relating to ingesting sesame, which ...
More invasive methods for obtaining a tissue diagnosis of thoracic endometriosis include video thoracoscopy (for pleural or ...
... thoracoscopy) is being used at some centers.[citation needed] In a minority of cases, the gap between upper and lower ...
... after video-assisted thoracoscopy). List of surgeries by type "thoracotomy" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary Ashrafian H, ...
Jewish Encyclopedia The Boston Medical and Surgical Journal by Massachusetts Medical Society Thoracoscopy: Origins Revisited by ...
Completely Endoscopic Microwave Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation on the Beating Heart Using Bilateral Thoracoscopy: The ...
... and it is now accepted that best practice requires the incorporation of thoracoscopy into the work-up. However, surgeons cannot ... Thoracoscopy for the Beginners (The Green Zone). * Front Matter Pages 83-83 ... Although medical thoracoscopy is much less invasive than VATS and thoracotomy, complications can occur in a small number of ... This book is a comprehensive and up-to-date guide to thoracoscopy for pulmonologists that documents the considerable progress ...
... Julius P. Janssen,1 Pieter E. Postmus,2 Johan C. Van Mourik,3 and Miguel A. Cuesta3 ... Julius P. Janssen, Pieter E. Postmus, Johan C. Van Mourik, and Miguel A. Cuesta, "Diagnostic Thoracoscopy," Diagnostic and ...
Jacobaeus was the first to use the term thoracoscopy, which he described as replacing ... more ... Medical thoracoscopy was initially performed in 1910 by an internist from Sweden, Hans-Christian Jacobaeus. ... Drugs & Diseases , Clinical Procedures , Medical Thoracoscopy Q&A What is a medical thoracoscopy (pleuroscopy)?. Updated: Apr ... encoded search term (What is a medical thoracoscopy (pleuroscopy)?) and What is a medical thoracoscopy (pleuroscopy)? What to ...
A thoracoscopy may also be used to perform specialized procedures in chest cavity. It may also be called pleuroscopy. ... A thoracoscopy examines the chest (thoracic) cavity using an endoscope (a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and lens). ... A thoracoscopy may also be called pleuroscopy.. Why a thoracoscopy is done. A thoracoscopy is done to diagnose and stage ... Thoracoscopy. A thoracoscopy is a procedure to examine the chest cavity. It is done using a thoracoscope, which is a type of ...
A thoracoscopy lets the doctor look at the pleura and around the lungs using a thoracoscope. They can take a biopsy of the ... A thoracoscopy lets the doctor look at the pleura and the area around the lungs. They usually do it under a general anaesthetic ... If you have been diagnosed with cancer in the lung or airways, you may have a thoracoscopy to find out:. *more about size and ... A thoracoscopy lets the doctor look at the pleura and area around the lungs using a thin tube called a thoracoscope. ...
Thoracoscopy may be performed either under general anaesthesia or under sedation with local anaesthetic. Thoracoscopy was first ... Thoracoscopy is a medical procedure involving internal examination, biopsy and/or resection/drainage of disease or masses ... Today, thoracoscopy is performed using specialized thoracoscopes. These instruments include a light source and a lens for ... Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is a surgical operation involving thoracoscopy, usually performed by a thoracic ...
The accepted indications for medical thoracoscopy include the following: Workup and diagnosis of idiopathic pleural effusions ... Drugs & Diseases , Clinical Procedures , Medical Thoracoscopy Q&A When is a medical thoracoscopy (pleuroscopy) indicated?. ... encoded search term (When is a medical thoracoscopy (pleuroscopy) indicated?) and When is a medical thoracoscopy (pleuroscopy) ... The accepted indications for medical thoracoscopy include the following:. * Workup and diagnosis of idiopathic pleural ...
Jacobaeus was the first to use the term thoracoscopy, which he described as ... Background Medical thoracoscopy was initially performed in 1910 by an internist from Sweden, Hans-Christian Jacobaeus. ... encoded search term (Medical Thoracoscopy) and Medical Thoracoscopy What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and ... When is a medical thoracoscopy (pleuroscopy) indicated?. What is the role of a medical thoracoscopy (pleuroscopy) in the workup ...
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... Hans J. M. Smit, Franz M. N. H. Schramel, Tom G. Sutedja, Luud ... Video-assisted thoracoscopy (VAT) is usually performed under general anesthesia (GA). We performed an analysis to determine ...
Medical thoracoscopy is an efficient technique to evaluate the gravity of a spontaneous pneumothorax in order to choose the ... Medical thoracoscopy in the management of pneumothorax.. Delaunois L1, el Khawand C. ...
BACKGROUND--This report describes a preliminary experience with six patients undergoing video imaged thoracoscopic pulmonary lobectomy. METHODS--Three left upper lobectomies, and one each of right upper, right lower and left lower lobectomy were undertaken. The resections were performed as orthodox dissectional lobectomy procedures but were carried out under videothoracoscopic imaging with instruments introduced through two stab incisions. The entire resected lobe was delivered through a 7 cm submammary intercostal incision. RESULTS--There were no operative deaths or complications attributable to the technique. In three other patients conversion to an open thoracotomy was required because of bleeding (two cases) or obscure anatomy (one case). Post-operative pain in those undergoing thoracoscopic resection was less than that encountered with standard thoracotomy and early clinic review showed the patients to be pain free with excellent shoulder movement. CONCLUSIONS--Major pulmonary resection ...
Thoracoscopycfnational2019-07-16T17:01:54+00:00. Thoracoscopy. Contributing Author, Cardiothoracic Surgeon ... Thoracoscopy offers many patients marked advantages over standard open procedures. First, it gets the patient home from the ... The most familiar use of thoracoscopy is to diagnose disease within the chest wall. In this case, small pinch biopsies of the ... My first experience did not come until the early 1990ties when thoracoscopy emerged from lab use and was available for every ...
Undiagnosed patients of biopsy group are performed thoracoscopy and undiagnosed patients of thoracoscopy group followed up. ... Rigid Thoracoscopy Versus CT-Guided Pleural Needle Biopsy. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... Metintas M, Ak G, Dundar E, Yildirim H, Ozkan R, Kurt E, Erginel S, Alatas F, Metintas S. Medical thoracoscopy vs CT scan- ... Thoracoscopy. Pleural needle biopsy. Malignant pleural diseases. Mesothelioma. Diagnosis. Pleurisy tuberculosis. Patients with ...
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Forty-seven patients did not have CT scans prior to having thoracoscopy or their formal CT report was not available (eg, if the ... Retrospective review of thoracoscopies between January 2008 and January 2013 at two UK tertiary referral centres: Oxford and ... Retrospective review of thoracoscopy procedures were carried out between January 2008 and January 2013 at two UK tertiary ... The mean age was 72.3 years (SD 12.9 years). On histological analysis of the biopsies taken at thoracoscopy, 202 (54.6%) of the ...
Re-thoracoscopy in a Case of Anastamotic Leak After Esophago-gastrectomy and Intra Thoracic Anastomosis. C Palanivelu, P ...
Pleuroscopy, Thoracoscopy, and VATS. Pleuroscopy, thoracoscopy, and VATS may be used to gain information on disorders of the ... Pleuroscopy, Thoracoscopy, and VATS. Pleuroscopy, thoracoscopy, and VATS are highly effective in providing tissue for diagnosis ... Pleuroscopy, Thoracoscopy, and VATS. Pleuroscopy, thoracoscopy, and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) represent a ... Pleuroscopy, Thoracoscopy, and VATS. Bleeding from access sites and biopsy sites is one of the more common complications of ...
The feasibility of thoracoscopy for viewing the chest cavity and performing lung biopsy of the right and left lobes were ...
There were no surgical complications and the duration of stay for all patients undergoing thoracoscopy was ... chemotherapy of mediastinal lymphomas have residual disease that can be detected safely using minimally invasive thoracoscopy. ...
... Boutin C, ... In most patients, thoracoscopy allows complete visualization of the pleural cavity and provides high-quality biopsy samples. ... Thoracoscopy was performed using a rigid thoracoscope under local anesthesia with neuroleptanalgesia. A total of 10-20 biopsies ... Tolerance to thoracoscopy was good. The only complications were subcutaneous emphysema (1 patient), local pleural infection (4 ...
... thoracoscopy in horses including requirements, preparation, procedure, aftercare and more. All information is peer reviewed. ... Peroni J F et al (2001) Equine thoracoscopy - normal anatomy and surgical technique. Equine Vet J 33 (3), 231-237 PubMed. ... Vachon A & Fischer A T (1998) Thoracoscopy in the horse - diagnostic and therapeutic indications in 28 cases. Equine Vet J 30 ( ... Peroni J F et al (2000) Pleuropulmonary and cardiovascular consequences of thoracoscopy performed in healthy standing horses. ...
Experience with thoracoscopy for rifle gunshot penetrating trauma of the chest; report of a case ... Penetrating chest trauma in which thoracoscopy was helpful; report of a case. Kyobu Geka. Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery ... Severe heart laceration in penetrating chest trauma: thoracoscopy as a key to diagnosis. Interactive Cardiovascular and ... A role for video assisted thoracoscopy in stable penetrating chest trauma. Emergency Medicine Journal 22(5): 386-387, 2005 ...
Should we continue to perform medical thoracoscopy in pleural tuberculosis? - Minerva Pneumologica 2019 December;58(4):101-8 - ... Should we continue to perform medical thoracoscopy in pleural tuberculosis?. Andi SUKTHI ✉, Umberto FANTONI, Marco DAMIN ... Sukthi A, Fantoni U, Damin M. Should we continue to perform medical thoracoscopy in pleural tuberculosis? Minerva Pneumol 2019; ... should we continue to perform medical thoracoscopy (MT) in patients with suspected PT?. METHODS: We have performed a ...
Rigid and semi-rigid thoracoscopy (TS) plays a role in the diagnosis of malignant pleural effusion (MPE), particularly when ... Although there is a clear distinction between medical thoracoscopy and surgical procedures, considered a good option for ... A randomized trial comparing the diagnostic yield of rigid and semirigid thoracoscopy in undiagnosed pleural effusions. ... Additionally, as in rigid thoracoscopy, pleurodesis can be administered in the same procedure.7-10 ...
Medical thoracoscopy/pleuroscopy : manual and atlas. Thoracoscopy, Pleural Cavity, sähkökirjat, MEDICAL, Atlases, Handbooks and ... Thoracoscopy in Stage 3 empyema thoracis in children - A safe and feasible alternative to thoracotomy. ... What is the role of video-assisted thoracoscopy for patent ductus arteriosus ligation in the era of transcatheter closure? ... Lateral decubitus chest radiography or chest ultrasound to predict pleural adhesions before medical thoracoscopy: a prospective ...
Complex left upper lobectomy with lymphadenectomy by robotic assisted thoracoscopy (CPRL-3) for cT2N2 non-small-cell lung ... However, segmentectomy is a complex procedure when using video thoracoscopy. Robotic segmentectomy, as described by Ninan (1) ...
Paravertebral Blocks in Thoracoscopy: Single No, Continuous Yes You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, ... Paravertebral Blocks in Thoracoscopy: Single No, Continuous Yes. Anesthesiology 2 2007, Vol.106, 398-399. doi: ... Steven E. Hill; Paravertebral Blocks in Thoracoscopy: Single No, Continuous Yes. Anesthesiology 2007;106(2):398-399. ...
Paravertebral Blocks in Thoracoscopy: Single No, Continuous Yes Bruce Ben-David, M.D.; Rita Merman, M.D.; Jacques E. Chelly, M. ... Paravertebral Blocks in Thoracoscopy: Single No, Continuous Yes You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, ... Paravertebral Blocks in Thoracoscopy: Single No, Continuous Yes. Anesthesiology 2 2007, Vol.106, 398. doi: ... Bruce Ben-David, Rita Merman, Jacques E. Chelly; Paravertebral Blocks in Thoracoscopy: Single No, Continuous Yes. ...
  • What is a medical thoracoscopy (pleuroscopy)? (medscape.com)
  • To avoid confusion, some authors suggest that medical thoracoscopy should be referred to as pleuroscopy . (medscape.com)
  • A thoracoscopy may also be called pleuroscopy. (cancer.ca)
  • Frequently performed, less invasive procedures include mediastinoscopy, tube thoracostomy, pleuroscopy or thoracoscopy, and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Pleuroscopy, thoracoscopy, and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) represent a continuum of minimally invasive procedures. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Pleuroscopy, sometimes referred to as medical thoracoscopy, usually involves only one small incision and may be performed under moderate sedation and local anesthesia. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Medical Thoracoscopy (pleuroscopy) involves passage of a camera through the chest wall for direct visualization of the pleura. (drprashantsaxena.in)
  • The cost of a Thoracoscopy / Pleuroscopy depends on a number of factors and it is important to understand the reasons for wide range of costs in the market, and consult experts to help you avoid surprise elements. (lyfboat.com)
  • Your overall health is one factor that can affect the final cost of your Thoracoscopy / Pleuroscopy. (lyfboat.com)
  • A general health examination will be carried out during the consultation period to assess the level of risk involved if the surgery for Thoracoscopy / Pleuroscopy goes ahead. (lyfboat.com)
  • Underlying conditions could result in the cost of Thoracoscopy / Pleuroscopy being higher. (lyfboat.com)
  • The experience and reputation of the hospital and surgeon is another factor that can increase or decrease Thoracoscopy / Pleuroscopy prices. (lyfboat.com)
  • Thoracoscopy / Pleuroscopy surgeons with particularly good reputations and decades of experience are likely to demand a higher price. (lyfboat.com)
  • Savings on Thoracoscopy / Pleuroscopy can be found with surgeons who are highly-skilled but still developing their reputation. (lyfboat.com)
  • The possible expense of aftercare and rehabilitation for surgery will not usually be covered by the initial Thoracoscopy / Pleuroscopy cost estimate given by the hospital. (lyfboat.com)
  • Thoracoscopy / Pleuroscopy Hospitals Patients can find significant cost savings and shorter waiting times without compromising on quality by traveling from their home country for a major procedure like a Thoracoscopy / Pleuroscopy. (lyfboat.com)
  • One of the first things to consider when searching for a hospital for Thoracoscopy / Pleuroscopy is the experience and profile of the surgeon. (lyfboat.com)
  • The patient needs to build a good relationship with the surgeon as the recovery period and specific details of the Thoracoscopy / Pleuroscopy vary depending on his or her condition. (lyfboat.com)
  • It is not always possible to meet face-to-face with the surgeon before traveling for Thoracoscopy / Pleuroscopy abroad. (lyfboat.com)
  • Many hospitals have started offering services designed for Thoracoscopy / Pleuroscopy to make the process smoother for international patients. (lyfboat.com)
  • These hospitals help take care of logistics so that the patient can focus on recovery after Thoracoscopy / Pleuroscopy. (lyfboat.com)
  • The accreditations and certifications of a hospital can help Thoracoscopy / Pleuroscopy patients make a judgement about their level of safety and quality. (lyfboat.com)
  • Lyfboat - a trusted Medical Advisory & Discount Platform, enables patients to find quality Thoracoscopy / Pleuroscopy at affordable costs! (lyfboat.com)
  • Medical thoracoscopy or pleuroscopy , in recent past has received lot of interest for diagnostic as well as therapeutic purposes. (bvsalud.org)
  • Intrapatient comparison between pleural fluid cytology, blind needle biopsy and thoracoscopy. (medscape.com)
  • Thoracoscopy is a medical procedure involving internal examination, biopsy and/or resection/drainage of disease or masses within the pleural cavity, usually with video assistance. (wikipedia.org)
  • [ 3 ] In cases for which the initial evaluation of a pleural effusion is nondiagnostic and malignancy is suspected, medical thoracoscopy and parietal pleural biopsy should be considered. (medscape.com)
  • [ 4 ] Medical thoracoscopy with pleural biopsy, as shown in the image below, establishes a diagnosis in more than 90% of the cases. (medscape.com)
  • The aim of this study is to compare the rigid thoracoscopy with CT-guided pleural needle biopsy by the diagnostic efficacy and safety in patients with pleural effusion. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The study aims the comparison of rigid thoracoscopy with CT-guided pleural needle biopsy by the diagnostic efficacy and safety in patients with pleural effusion. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Undiagnosed patients of biopsy group are performed thoracoscopy and undiagnosed patients of thoracoscopy group followed up. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Determine the efficacy of pleural needle biopsy and thoracoscopy in relation to CT findings. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The feasibility of thoracoscopy for viewing the chest cavity and performing lung biopsy of the right and left lobes were assessed in experimental dogs. (vin.com)
  • In most patients, thoracoscopy allows complete visualization of the pleural cavity and provides high-quality biopsy samples. (uni-bonn.de)
  • Medical thoracoscopy is most commonly used for pleural fluid drainage, parietal pleural biopsy, and pleurodesis. (drprashantsaxena.in)
  • 25 patients of pleural effusion in which diagnosis was not made by routine pleural fluid examination (biochemical/microbiological/cytological evaluation) were subjected to video thoracoscopy and biopsy , pleural fluid taken for pathological examination and therapeutic interventions such as adhesiolysis and pleurodesis were done. (bvsalud.org)
  • Background: Medical thoracoscopy is a minimally invasive, safe, and cost-effective procedure that allows complete visualizationof pleural space, enabling diagnostic and therapeutic procedures such as pleural biopsy and talc insufflations. (who.int)
  • Pleural controversies: image guided biopsy vs. thoracoscopy for undiagnosed pleural effusions? (bris.ac.uk)
  • Dive into the research topics of 'Pleural controversies: image guided biopsy vs. thoracoscopy for undiagnosed pleural effusions? (bris.ac.uk)
  • The term thoracoscopy may be used exclusively for the surgical thoracoscopic procedure. (medscape.com)
  • A thoracoscopy is a procedure to examine the chest cavity. (cancer.ca)
  • A thoracoscopy is done in a hospital operating room under general anesthetic, which means you will be asleep during the procedure. (cancer.ca)
  • 4) Finally, you may be referred to a thoracic surgeon for the new thoracoscopy procedure. (cochranfirm.com)
  • The diagnostic accuracy of thoracoscopy is similar to open thoracotomy, but the procedure is far less invasive, usually requiring that the patient remain in the hospital only 1 day. (uni-bonn.de)
  • Thoracoscopy, also known as video-assisted thoracoscopy, is a procedure performed to inspect and treat lung problems. (melbourneheartsurgeon.com.au)
  • Medical thoracoscopy, or local anaesthetic video assisted thoracoscopy (LAVAT) is a day procedure, performed in the hospital, to allow further assessment of pleural fluid collections and pleural diseases. (chestandsleepcenter.com)
  • Thoracoscopy is a procedure in which a thin viewing tube (called thoracoscope) is inserted through a small incision in the chest. (mandeepchestclinic.com)
  • A thoracoscopy is a procedure in which a doctor uses an endoscope to examine a patient's lungs and the area around the lungs, according to the University o. (reference.com)
  • Medical thoracoscopy is a safe procedure with excellent diagnostic yield for evaluation of undiagnosed pleural effusion with minimal complication rates. (bvsalud.org)
  • Is Video Assisted Thoracoscopy (VAT) a Diagnostic or Palliative Procedure in Patients with Malignant Pleural Effusion? (northumbria.ac.uk)
  • Medical thoracoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure to visualize the entire pleural surface and perform limited diagnostic and therapeutic procedures . (bvsalud.org)
  • The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy for each pre thoracoscopy procedure were calculated. (amegroups.com)
  • To diagnose and treat pleural problems, we use a minimally invasive surgical procedure called thoracoscopy. (henryford.com)
  • Local anaesthetic thoracoscopy (LAT) provides diagnostic and therapeutic capabilities in one procedure. (bris.ac.uk)
  • Thoracoscopy can also be used as part of a procedure to remove fluid from the chest. (survivingmesothelioma.com)
  • Thoracoscopy Deemed "Valuable and Safe" for Mesothelioma Patients - Pleural mesothelioma patients who are recommended for medical thoracoscopy can rest assured that the procedure is "a valuable and safe" diagnostic tool. (survivingmesothelioma.com)
  • Medical thoracoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that can help doctors diagnose or treat the symptoms of lung diseases like pleural mesothelioma. (survivingmesothelioma.com)
  • A thoracoscopy lets the doctor look at the pleura and area around the lungs using a thin tube called a thoracoscope. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • Small Animal Laparoscopy and Thoracoscopy provides a comprehensive reference to laparoscopy and thoracoscopy, with step-by-step guidance for surgical techniques ranging from basic to advanced. (elsevier.com)
  • Acts as both a quick reference to specific techniques and as a comprehensive resource to small animal laparoscopy and thoracoscopy. (elsevier.com)
  • Fransson, BA & Mayhew, P 2015, Small Animal Laparoscopy and Thoracoscopy . (elsevier.com)
  • However, surgeons cannot meet the rising demand for thoracoscopy by means of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), and waiting lists for endoscopic pleural procedures are consequently lengthening. (springer.com)
  • Thoracoscopy grew into the video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery that is currently performed by thoracic surgeons. (medscape.com)
  • Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is a surgical operation involving thoracoscopy, usually performed by a thoracic surgeon using general or local/regional anaesthesia with additional sedation as necessary. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thoracic surgery Cardiothoracic surgery Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery VATS lobectomy "thoracoscopy" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary Clinical Reports of Rare Cases, occurring in the Whitworth and Harwicke Hospitals. (wikipedia.org)
  • learn to Remember fields that learn your download the sages manual fundamentals of laparoscopy thoracoscopy and gi endoscopy 2006, or JavaScript, or cart, etc. (choconat.de)
  • We away 've about biographers quiet as Phineas P. Quimby, who were the onsite download the sages manual fundamentals of laparoscopy thoracoscopy and gi endoscopy of his block and whose Hands had the item for Christian Science amp, and James Cone, the diverse page for restricted book and liberal thought. (choconat.de)
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  • A thoracoscopy is a type of endoscopy. (mesothelioma.net)
  • Over the last decade however, image-guided Tru-cut biopsies and local anaesthetic thoracoscopic (local anaesthetic thoracoscopy) biopsies have become more widespread. (bris.ac.uk)
  • Because most cases of mesothelioma are pleural, biopsies for mesothelioma are typically thoracoscopies. (mesothelioma.net)
  • Clear practical guidance is provided on technique, and diagnostic, therapeutic, and interventional applications of thoracoscopy are all carefully examined with the aid of high-quality illustrations. (springer.com)
  • Jacobaeus later developed a therapeutic application for thoracoscopy by using thermocautery to lyse adhesions and create a pneumothorax to treat tuberculosis . (medscape.com)
  • In cases with an established malignant diagnosis, medical thoracoscopy also has a therapeutic role in the form of pleurodesis. (medscape.com)
  • A second common use for thoracoscopy is therapeutic. (cochranfirm.com)
  • Medical thoracoscopy can also be used for therapeutic procedures . (bvsalud.org)
  • Therapeutic options for treatment include placement of an indwelling pleural catheter and chemical pleurodesis via chest tube or thoracoscopy. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Leemans J, Dooms C, Ninane V, Yserbyt J. Success rate of medical thoracoscopy and talc pleurodesis in malignant pleurisy: A single-centre experience. (medscape.com)
  • Against this background, there is an increasing need for medical thoracoscopy performed by pulmonologists, which may be video assisted and has the advantage of being very cost-effective. (springer.com)
  • Medical thoracoscopy is an efficient technique to evaluate the gravity of a spontaneous pneumothorax in order to choose the most appropriate treatment. (nih.gov)
  • Thoracoscopy in spontaneous pneumothorax can identify the cause of the pneumothorax. (drprashantsaxena.in)
  • Thoracoscopy in pleural malignant mesothelioma: a prospective study of 188 consecutive patients - part 1: diagnosis. (uni-bonn.de)
  • Rigid and semi-rigid thoracoscopy (TS) plays a role in the diagnosis of malignant pleural effusion (MPE), particularly when caused by lung cancer. (archbronconeumol.org)
  • Keywords: pleural mesothelioma, diagnosis, thoracoscopy, pleural effusion INTRODUCTION There are still considerable difficulties in the diagnosis of pleural mesothelioma, both because of its aspecific clinical manifestations and because of the limited sensitivity of traditional X-rays and of computed axial tomography. (docplayer.net)
  • 1992). Thoracoscopy however, which has become a much more widely used method in recent years, in expert hands allows a correct diagnosis to be made in nearly all cases, thereby equalling the accuracy previously produced only by thoracot- Address of the corresponding author: Gianfranco Tassi MD, Divisione di Pneumologia, Ospedale di Valle Camonica, Esine (Brescia), Italy. (docplayer.net)
  • Medical thoracoscopy is most commonly performed when multiple attempts at thoracentesis (typically two) have failed to achieve a diagnosis in patients with a recurrent exudative pleural effusion. (drprashantsaxena.in)
  • One of the main indications for medical thoracoscopy is to obtain a diagnosis in an exudative pleural effusion when other, simpler methods non-diagnostic. (bvsalud.org)
  • Medical thoracoscopy is safe and effective in the diagnosis of benign and malignant pleural disease particularly in this high risk population. (mesothelioma-line.com)
  • Thoracoscopy was performed using a rigid thoracoscope under local anesthesia with neuroleptanalgesia. (uni-bonn.de)
  • Thoracoscopy was done using rigid thoracoscope under local anesthesia . (bvsalud.org)
  • A large proportion of patients with residual positron emission tomography-avidity after first-line chemotherapy of mediastinal lymphomas have residual disease that can be detected safely using minimally invasive thoracoscopy. (ovid.com)
  • Thoracoscopy assisted pulmonary lobectomy. (bmj.com)
  • Thoracoscopy in Stage 3 empyema thoracis in children - A safe and feasible alternative to thoracotomy. (helsinki.fi)
  • The respiratory section features new cases on post-thoracotomy complications and thoracoscopy. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • A thoracoscopy is done to diagnose and stage cancers within the chest cavity, such as lung cancer, mesothelioma and esophageal cancer. (cancer.ca)
  • If the thoracoscopy is being done to examine a diseased lung, that lung may be deflated so that the doctor has more room to look around in the chest cavity. (cancer.ca)
  • Complications resulting from a thoracoscopy can be serious but occur rarely. (melbourneheartsurgeon.com.au)
  • The incidence of major and minor complications associated with thoracoscopy are 1.9% and 5.5%, respectively. (drprashantsaxena.in)
  • Outcomes of interest were readmissions, reoperations, complications, cardiothoracic injury, operative time, and duration of hospital stay after surgery for MIRPE with and without thoracoscopy. (elsevier.com)
  • Conclusion: MIRPE has a low adverse event rate with no difference in reoperations, postoperative complications, and cardiothoracic injuries with or without the use of thoracoscopy. (elsevier.com)
  • We recommend that thoracoscopy shall be the Investigation of choice of undiagnosed pleural effusion as it has good yield with minimal complications . (bvsalud.org)
  • The term thoracoscopy is confusing because it refers to both the medical and surgical procedures. (medscape.com)
  • During the 1950s and 1960s, thoracoscopy gained popularity with pulmonologists because of the tuberculosis endemic in the United States. (medscape.com)
  • However, with the advent of effective chemotherapy for tuberculosis, the need for thoracoscopy decreased. (medscape.com)
  • Should we continue to perform medical thoracoscopy in pleural tuberculosis? (minervamedica.it)
  • Sukthi A, Fantoni U, Damin M. Should we continue to perform medical thoracoscopy in pleural tuberculosis? (minervamedica.it)
  • During a thoracoscopy, your doctor will make a small incision in your chest wall and then insert a tiny camera attached to a tube into the pleural space. (healthline.com)
  • The concluding section examines the future of the field, covering developments such as 'mini' thoracoscopy, autofluorescence thoracoscopy, and flexi-rigid thoracoscopy. (springer.com)
  • Rigid thoracoscopy equipment was used forinvestigation. (who.int)
  • From January 2007 to June 2013, the researchers conducted 622 consecutive medical thoracoscopies (MTs) without inducing a pneumothorax . (wrightwoodmedical.com)
  • That is the message from Chinese researchers after an analysis of nine years of medical thoracoscopies on more than 800 patients with malignant mesothelioma and other pleural cancers at a Beijing hospital. (survivingmesothelioma.com)
  • MIRPE has evolved over time with some advocating that a safe repair can be accomplished without direct visualization utilizing thoracoscopy. (elsevier.com)
  • in finalform 7 August 1996) On the basis of our personal experience in 70 cases (66 pleural effusions) observed during the period January January 1996 we are here illustrating and discussing the diagnostic role of thoracoscopy in malignant pleural mesothelioma. (docplayer.net)
  • This book is a comprehensive and up-to-date guide to thoracoscopy for pulmonologists that documents the considerable progress in endoscopic telescopes and instrumentation. (springer.com)
  • Retrospective review of thoracoscopies between January 2008 and January 2013 at two UK tertiary referral centres: Oxford and Preston. (bmj.com)
  • Retrospective review of thoracoscopy procedures were carried out between January 2008 and January 2013 at two UK tertiary referral centres: Churchill Hospital, Oxford and Lancashire Teaching Hospitals, Preston. (bmj.com)
  • A retrospective case note analysis of 50 patients who underwent thoracoscopy over a 2-year period from January 2003 was undertaken. (mesothelioma-line.com)
  • Diagnostic value of medical thoracoscopy in malignant pleural effusion induced by non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. (medscape.com)
  • The aim of this study was to assess the sensitivity and specificity of CT in detecting pleural malignancy prior to definitive histology obtained via thoracoscopy in a large cohort of patients with suspected malignant pleural disease. (bmj.com)
  • In the patient with known lung cancer and an effusion with a negative cytology, medical thoracoscopy is an excellent tool. (medscape.com)
  • Pleural adhesions on medical thoracoscopy. (medscape.com)
  • The use of ultrasonography helped experienced surgeons identify intrathoracic adhesions and guided medical thoracoscopy access even when pleural effusion was absent, according to study results. (wrightwoodmedical.com)
  • Jacobaeus was the first to use the term thoracoscopy, which he described as "replacing fluid with air" in order to examine the pleural surfaces of two patients with tuberculous pleurisy. (medscape.com)
  • Thoracoscopy offers many patients marked advantages over standard open procedures. (cochranfirm.com)
  • Forty-seven patients did not have CT scans prior to having thoracoscopy or their formal CT report was not available (eg, if the images had been imported from an external source), so were not included. (bmj.com)
  • Nowadays, having the possibility to perform many exams to detect mycobacteria, should we continue to perform medical thoracoscopy (MT) in patients with suspected PT? (minervamedica.it)
  • In all patients we undertook elective video-assisted thoracoscopy with complete preparation for cardiopulmonary support on the side. (maltepe.edu.tr)
  • The aim of present study was to assess the diagnostic yield of medical thoracoscopy in patients with undiagnosed exudative pleural effusion . (bvsalud.org)
  • Thoracoscopy may be performed either under general anaesthesia or under sedation with local anaesthetic. (wikipedia.org)
  • A thoracoscopy is done by making 1 to 3 small cuts (incisions) on the side of the chest between 2 ribs and through the chest wall. (cancer.ca)
  • They underwent 26 thoracoscopies to evacuate undrained blood with or without infection. (qxmd.com)
  • [ 1 ] Since then, MAS has been applied to numerous other procedures both in the abdomen (laparoscopy) and in the chest (thoracoscopy), with good results. (medscape.com)
  • The mortality rate associated with thoracoscopy performed is 0.09% or 1 death in 8000 procedures. (drprashantsaxena.in)
  • While the technique used remains the surgeon's decision, the use of thoracoscopy may be unnecessary and is at an added cost. (elsevier.com)
  • However, for the purpose to prevent the development of empyema or pneumonia, and to check the existence of damage of intrathoracic structures by the gunshot injury, thoracoscopy was performed next day. (eurekamag.com)
  • When thoracoscopy was performed in less than 7 days after admission, no cases of empyema were noted at operation. (qxmd.com)
  • Video-assisted thoracoscopy (VAT) is usually performed under general anesthesia (GA). We performed an analysis to determine whether multithoracoport VAT under local anesthesia (LA) is feasible. (hindawi.com)
  • Thoracoscopy is generally performed in the operating room under general anesthesia. (survivingmesothelioma.com)