Fascia: Layers of connective tissue of variable thickness. The superficial fascia is found immediately below the skin; the deep fascia invests MUSCLES, nerves, and other organs.Thoracic Vertebrae: A group of twelve VERTEBRAE connected to the ribs that support the upper trunk region.Fascia Lata: CONNECTIVE TISSUE of the anterior compartment of the THIGH that has its origins on the anterior aspect of the iliac crest and anterior superior iliac spine, and its insertion point on the iliotibial tract. It plays a role in medial rotation of the THIGH, steadying the trunk, and in KNEE extension.Sprains and Strains: A collective term for muscle and ligament injuries without dislocation or fracture. A sprain is a joint injury in which some of the fibers of a supporting ligament are ruptured but the continuity of the ligament remains intact. A strain is an overstretching or overexertion of some part of the musculature.Lumbar Vertebrae: VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.Spinal Fractures: Broken bones in the vertebral column.Kyphosis: Deformities of the SPINE characterized by an exaggerated convexity of the vertebral column. The forward bending of the thoracic region usually is more than 40 degrees. This deformity sometimes is called round back or hunchback.Spinal Fusion: Operative immobilization or ankylosis of two or more vertebrae by fusion of the vertebral bodies with a short bone graft or often with diskectomy or laminectomy. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p236; Dorland, 28th ed)Internal Fixators: Internal devices used in osteosynthesis to hold the position of the fracture in proper alignment. By applying the principles of biomedical engineering, the surgeon uses metal plates, nails, rods, etc., for the correction of skeletal defects.Scoliosis: An appreciable lateral deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. (Dorland, 27th ed)Orthopedic Fixation Devices: Devices which are used in the treatment of orthopedic injuries and diseases.Bone Screws: Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.Lumbosacral Region: Region of the back including the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, SACRUM, and nearby structures.Spinal Injuries: Injuries involving the vertebral column.Spinal Canal: The cavity within the SPINAL COLUMN through which the SPINAL CORD passes.Spinal Curvatures: Deformities of the SPINE characterized by abnormal bending or flexure in the vertebral column. They may be bending forward (KYPHOSIS), backward (LORDOSIS), or sideway (SCOLIOSIS).Fracture Fixation, Internal: The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.Decompression, Surgical: A surgical operation for the relief of pressure in a body compartment or on a body part. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Dupuytren Contracture: A fibromatosis of the palmar fascia characterized by thickening and contracture of the fibrous bands on the palmar surfaces of the hand and fingers. It arises most commonly in men between the ages of 30 and 50.Fractures, Compression: Crumbling or smashing of cancellous BONE by forces acting parallel to the long axis of bone. It is applied particularly to vertebral body fractures (SPINAL FRACTURES). (Blauvelt and Nelson, A Manual of Orthopedic Terminology, 1994, p4)Fasciitis, Plantar: Inflammation of the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot (plantar fascia) causing HEEL pain. The plantar fascia (also called plantar aponeurosis) are bands of fibrous tissue extending from the calcaneal tuberosity to the TOES. The etiology of plantar fasciitis remains controversial but is likely to involve a biomechanical imbalance. Though often presenting along with HEEL SPUR, they do not appear to be causally related.Vertebroplasty: Procedures to repair or stabilize vertebral fractures, especially compression fractures accomplished by injecting BONE CEMENTS into the fractured VERTEBRAE.Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.Reconstructive Surgical Procedures: Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.Spinal NeoplasmsKyphoplasty: Procedures to restore vertebrae to their original shape following vertebral compression fractures by inflating a balloon inserted into the vertebrae, followed by removal of the balloon and injection of BONE CEMENTS to fill the cavity.Braces: Orthopedic appliances used to support, align, or hold parts of the body in correct position. (Dorland, 28th ed)Orthopedic Procedures: Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.Abdominal Wall: The outer margins of the ABDOMEN, extending from the osteocartilaginous thoracic cage to the PELVIS. Though its major part is muscular, the abdominal wall consists of at least seven layers: the SKIN, subcutaneous fat, deep FASCIA; ABDOMINAL MUSCLES, transversalis fascia, extraperitoneal fat, and the parietal PERITONEUM.Tuberculosis, Spinal: Osteitis or caries of the vertebrae, usually occurring as a complication of tuberculosis of the lungs.Cadaver: A dead body, usually a human body.Thorax: The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Back Pain: Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.Thoracic Nerves: The twelve spinal nerves on each side of the thorax. They include eleven INTERCOSTAL NERVES and one subcostal nerve. Both sensory and motor, they supply the muscles and skin of the thoracic and abdominal walls.Fasciitis: Inflammation of the fascia. There are three major types: 1, Eosinophilic fasciitis, an inflammatory reaction with eosinophilia, producing hard thickened skin with an orange-peel configuration suggestive of scleroderma and considered by some a variant of scleroderma; 2, Necrotizing fasciitis (FASCIITIS, NECROTIZING), a serious fulminating infection (usually by a beta hemolytic streptococcus) causing extensive necrosis of superficial fascia; 3, Nodular/Pseudosarcomatous /Proliferative fasciitis, characterized by a rapid growth of fibroblasts with mononuclear inflammatory cells and proliferating capillaries in soft tissue, often the forearm; it is not malignant but is sometimes mistaken for fibrosarcoma.Hypogastric Plexus: A complex network of nerve fibers in the pelvic region. The hypogastric plexus distributes sympathetic fibers from the lumbar paravertebral ganglia and the aortic plexus, parasympathetic fibers from the pelvic nerve, and visceral afferents. The bilateral pelvic plexus is in its lateral extent.Spinal DiseasesVisceral Afferents: The sensory fibers innervating the viscera.Spinal Cord Compression: Acute and chronic conditions characterized by external mechanical compression of the SPINAL CORD due to extramedullary neoplasm; EPIDURAL ABSCESS; SPINAL FRACTURES; bony deformities of the vertebral bodies; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations vary with the anatomic site of the lesion and may include localized pain, weakness, sensory loss, incontinence, and impotence.Operative Time: The duration of a surgical procedure in hours and minutes.DislocationsAchondroplasia: An autosomal dominant disorder that is the most frequent form of short-limb dwarfism. Affected individuals exhibit short stature caused by rhizomelic shortening of the limbs, characteristic facies with frontal bossing and mid-face hypoplasia, exaggerated lumbar lordosis, limitation of elbow extension, GENU VARUM, and trident hand. (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Omim, MIM#100800, April 20, 2001)Lordosis: The anterior concavity in the curvature of the lumbar and cervical spine as viewed from the side. The term usually refers to abnormally increased curvature (hollow back, saddle back, swayback). It does not include lordosis as normal mating posture in certain animals ( = POSTURE + SEX BEHAVIOR, ANIMAL).Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Pelvis: The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.Polymethyl Methacrylate: Polymerized methyl methacrylate monomers which are used as sheets, moulding, extrusion powders, surface coating resins, emulsion polymers, fibers, inks, and films (From International Labor Organization, 1983). This material is also used in tooth implants, bone cements, and hard corneal contact lenses.Surgical Procedures, Minimally Invasive: Procedures that avoid use of open, invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device.Abdomen: That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.Skin Absorption: Uptake of substances through the SKIN.Skin: The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.Administration, Cutaneous: The application of suitable drug dosage forms to the skin for either local or systemic effects.Abdomen, Acute: A clinical syndrome with acute abdominal pain that is severe, localized, and rapid in onset. Acute abdomen may be caused by a variety of disorders, injuries, or diseases.
Reduced thoracolumbar fascia shear strain in human chronic low back pain. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2011; 12:203. 11. Park JJ, ... Communicating about fascia: history, pitfalls, and recommendations. Int J Ther Massage Bodywork. 2009; 2(4):3-8. 19. Langevin ...
Latissimus dorsi: originates at the supraspinous ligament & thoracolumbar fascia, inserts in the humerus. Antagonist to ... Biceps femoris: originates from lateral sacroiliac ligaments, the coccygeal fascia and gluteal fascia, the intermuscular septum ... Tensor fasciae antebrachii: originates from the tendon of the latissimus dorsi and the caudal side of the scapula, inserts on ... Tensor fasciae latae: originates from the tuber coxae, inserts into the lateral patellar ligament, the cranial side of the ...
It forms the thickened lower border of two of the layers of the thoracolumbar fascia. Occasionally, a small ligamentous band ... and is continuous above with the lumbodorsal fascia. In front, it is in relation with the Psoas major; behind, with the muscles ...
Latissimus dorsi: originates on thoracolumbar fascia and inserts on the teres major tuberosity of the humerus. Its function is ... Caudal muscles of brachium: Tensor fasciae antebrachium: originates on the fascia covering the latissimus dorsi and inserts on ... Lateral muscles of the pelvis: Tensor fasciae latae: originates on the tuber coxae of the ilium and inserts on the lateral ... femoral fascia. It acts to flex the hip and extend the stifle. It is innervated by the cranial gluteal nerve. Superficial ...
The erector spinae is covered in the lumbar and thoracic regions by the thoracolumbar fascia, and in the cervical region by the ... Diagram of a transverse section of the posterior abdominal wall, to show the disposition of the lumbodorsal fascia. The ...
... behind is a deep notch on either side between the ilium and the base of the sacrum that is filled by the thoracolumbar fascia ... which is filled by the muscles and fascia of the anterior abdominal wall; ...
... thoracolumbar fascia, and iliacus. Any of these muscles can be involved or spasm with a painful and dysfunctional sacroiliac ...
The medial branch of the superior cluneal nerve passes over the iliac crest through a tunnel formed by the thoracolumbar fascia ...
It can be thought of as the lower border of the thoracolumbar fascia and is occasionally accompanied by a smaller ligamentous ... The tensor fasciae latae arises on the anterior superior iliac spine and inserts into the iliotibial tract. It presses the head ...
... and from the thoracolumbar fascia. It ends anteriorly in a broad aponeurosis (the Spigelian fascia), the lower fibers of which ... Diagram of a transverse section of the posterior abdominal wall, to show the disposition of the lumbodorsal fascia. Posterior ...
Splenius Transversospinales Multifidus Semispinalis Rotatores Interspinales Intertransversarii Thoracolumbar fascia Muscles of ... intercostal muscle Subcostales Transversus thoracis Pectoral fascia Clavipectoral fascia Thoracic fascia Endothoracic fascia ... Inguinal falx Deep inguinal ring Linea alba Linea semilunaris Inguinal canal Quadratus lumborum Abdominal fascia Pelvic fascia ... digiti minimi brevis Flexor digitorum brevis Quadratus plantae Lumbricals Dorsal interossei Plantar interossei Fascia Fascia ...
Its fibers run perpendicular to the external oblique muscle, beginning in the thoracolumbar fascia of the lower back, the ... to show the disposition of the lumbodorsal fascia. Diagram of sheath of Rectus. Diagram of a transverse section through the ...
Examples of deep fascia are fascia lata, fascia cruris, brachial fascia, plantar fascia, thoracolumbar fascia and Buck's fascia ... Clavipectoral fascia Endothoracic fascia Extracellular matrix Interstitial cell Pectoral fascia Thoracolumbar fascia Marieb, ... Fascia is classified by layer, as superficial fascia, deep fascia, and visceral or parietal fascia, or by its function and ... Visceral fascia is less extensible than superficial fascia. Due to its suspensory role of the organs, it needs to maintain its ...
It proceeds the thoracolumbar fascia to the top (cranial). The fascia itself is made of two parts: A superficial layer (lat.: ... The nuchal fascia is a fascia covering the autochthonous musculature of the neck as a part of the cervical fascia. ... Expanding laterally, the fascia also covers the dorsal musculature. In the middle of the deeper layer a bulge is resided - the ... Fascia nuchae superficialis) and a deeper layer that is located among the Trapezius muscle and that sheaths the deeper cervical ...
The thoracolumbar fascia (lumbodorsal fascia or thoracodorsal fascia) is a deep investing membrane throughout most of the ... "Thoracolumbar Fascia, Dissection, Posterior View" Atlas image: back_muscles41 at the University of Michigan Health System - " ... "Trunk, Transverse MRI Showing Lamellae of the Thoracolumbar Fascia". ... Chaldean fascia Erector spinae muscles This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's ...
The Posterior Layer of the Thoracolumbar Fascia,Its Function in Load Transfer From Spine to Legs. Spine, 20(7), 753-758. https ... The lumbar fascia is an anatomic structure of the lumbar region. It consists of a band or sheet of connective tissue fibres, ... The lumbar fascia binds the deep muscles of the back to the spine and to the transverse processes of the vertebrae. ... Additionally the lumbar fascia is an attachment for the gluteus maximus muscle and the latissimus dorsi muscle. The posterior ...
Spinous processes of vertebrae T7-L5, thoracolumbar fascia, iliac crest, inferior 3 or 4 ribs and inferior angle of scapula. ... or the fascia over the biceps brachii. This axillary arch crosses the axillary artery, just above the spot usually selected for ... function which leads to chronic pain or tendinitis in the tendinous fasciae connecting the latissimus dorsi to the thoracic and ...
Sternoclavicularis[3] from manubrium to clavicle between pectoralis major and coracoclavicular fascia.[1] ...
Fascia. *thoracolumbar fascia. Thorax. *Intercostal muscle *external. *internal. *innermost. *subcostalis. *transversus ...
Fascia. *thoracolumbar fascia. Thorax. *Intercostal muscle *external. *internal. *innermost. *subcostalis. *transversus ...
... is an osteopathic manipulative technique in which the fascia around the spine is softened with one's ... thoracolumbar junction). Foundations for Osteopathic Medicine by Robert C Ward, et al. ...
The thoracolumbar fascia (lumbodorsal fascia or thoracodorsal fascia) is a deep investing membrane throughout most of the ... "Thoracolumbar Fascia, Dissection, Posterior View" Atlas image: back_muscles41 at the University of Michigan Health System - " ... "Trunk, Transverse MRI Showing Lamellae of the Thoracolumbar Fascia". ... Chaldean fascia Erector spinae muscles This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Grays ...
"Effect of Stretching on Thoracolumbar Fascia Injury and Movement Restriction in a Porcine Model, American Journal of Physical ... a unilateral thoracolumbar fascia injury combined with movement restriction (hobble) produced contralateral loss of fascia ... a unilateral thoracolumbar fascia injury combined with movement restriction (hobble) produced contralateral loss of fascia ... Effect of Stretching on Thoracolumbar Fascia Injury and Movement Restriction in a Porcine Model. Langevin, Helene M.; Bishop, ...
Excessive strain, overuse, repetitive stress and poor posture can bring on thoracolumbar pain in the low, mid or upper back.Sit ... Prone Psoas Release This fascia covers the entire lower back area and consists of an anterior, middle, and posterior layer. It ... This fascia covers the entire lower back area and consists of an anterior, middle, and posterior layer. It is extremely ... Excessive strain, overuse, repetitive stress and poor posture can bring on thoracolumbar pain in the low, mid or upper back. ...
representation of our thoracolumbar fascia in our nervous system, improving our movement quality, enjoyment and prevent the ... representation of our thoracolumbar fascia in our nervous system, improving our movement quality, enjoyment and prevent the ...
Thoracolumbar fascia.JPG 960 × 720; 112 KB. *. Transversal US supraspinatus.jpg 1,552 × 940; 209 KB. ...
... fasciae explanation free. What is fasciae? Meaning of fasciae medical term. What does fasciae mean? ... Looking for online definition of fasciae in the Medical Dictionary? ... Thoracolumbar fascia.. pectineal fascia. The pubic section of the fascia lata. pelvic fascia. The fascia within the pelvic ... Synonym: lumbodorsal fascia. thyrolaryngeal fascia. The fascia covering the thyroid gland. fascia transversalis. The fascia ...
Thoracolumbar fascia: detailed dissection of the thoracolumbar fascia and musculature of the lumbar spine ...
... with the thoracolumbar fascia. Additionally, the cervical fascia and the thoracolumbar fascia are continuous, so this fascial ... Three layers of Thoracolumbar Fascia. The thoracolumbar fascia can be thought of as having three layers which help to separate ... Thoracolumbar fascia: An area rich with activity The thoracolumbar fascia can be thought of as a transitional area between the ... Manual Therapy of the Thoracolumbar Fascia. The thoracolumbar fascia is richly innervated with mechanoreceptors providing it ...
... inferiorly with the iliac and pelvic fascia; posteriorly with the thoracolumbar fascia; and laterally to the iliac crest. ... The Scarpa fascia contains very little fat and is continuous with both the superficial fascia of the thigh known as the fascia ... Superficial Fascia. The superficial fascia of the abdominal wall is the next layer encountered just deep to the skin. It ... It originates on the internal surfaces of the 7th-12th costal cartilages, thoracolumbar fascia, anterior three fourths of the ...
Thoracolumbar fascia. Where does the thoracolumbar fascia attach?. To the transverses abdominus, internal oblique and external ... 1 between the renal fascia and kidney capsule(perirenal fat) 1 between the renal fascia and the thoracolumbar fascia(pararenal ... What is the middle layer of the thoracolumbar fascia between?. The deep muscles of the back and the quadratus lumborum. ... Cushions/layers of fat, then enclosed with renal fascia. What are the 2 layers of fat around the kidney?. ...
Common tendon (thoracolumbar fascia). *Attaches to posterior surface of sacrum. *Iliac crest ...
The Decussating Fibers of the Lumbar Thoracolumbar Fascia: A Landmark for Identifying the L5 Spinous Process?. ... A Retrospective Study of Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures Treated with Fixation and Non-fusion Surgery of Intra-vertebral Bone ... Open fixation and fusion versus percutaneous pedicle screw fixation for treatment of thoracolumbar flexion distraction injuries ... The Utility of In-hospital Postoperative Radiographs Following Surgical Treatment of Traumatic Thoracolumbar Injuries. ...
Thoracolumbar Fascia. Pubic Crest. Pubic Symphysis. Central Tendon. Tilt Pelvis. Linea Alba. Iliac Crest. Inguinal Ligament. ...
Originates on spinous processes T7-T12, ribs 8-12, iliac crest, and thoracolumbar fascia. ...
It proceeds the thoracolumbar fascia to the top (cranial). The fascia itself is made of two parts: A superficial layer (lat.: ... The nuchal fascia is a fascia covering the autochthonous musculature of the neck as a part of the cervical fascia. ... Expanding laterally, the fascia also covers the dorsal musculature. In the middle of the deeper layer a bulge is resided - the ... Fascia nuchae superficialis) and a deeper layer that is located among the Trapezius muscle and that sheaths the deeper cervical ...
arise inferiorly from the thoracolumbar fascia and spread out in a superolateral direction ...
Thoracolumbar fascia, spines of vertebrae T11-T12 and L1-L2. Ribs 9-12, lateral to the angles. Long thoracic nerve. ... The deep fascia of trapezius and sternocleidomastoid also contribute to passive stability by connecting the head, clavicle, and ...
Reduced thoracolumbar fascia shear strain in human chronic low back pain. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2011;12:203.doi:10.1186/1471 ... The posterior layer of the thoracolumbar fascia. Its function in load transfer from spine to legs. Spine 1995;20:753-8.doi: ... The fascial system includes large aponeuroses like the first layer of the thoracolumbar fascia (A), but also a myriad of ... The lumbodorsal fascia as a potential source of low back pain: a narrative review. Biomed Res Int 2017;2017:1-6.doi:10.1155/ ...
... thoracolumbar fascia. THORACOLUMBAR FASCIA. - covers deep mm. -abdominal mm. attachmt through fascia -made frm aponeuroses of ... Superficial fascia is continuous with.... deep fascia. DEEP FASCIA (details). - bound to underlying muscle. -envelops the ... 1)-lower (2)-lumbar (3)- thoracolumbar fascia. General Grouping of Deep Back Muscles. -Splenius -Erector Spinae - ... What aponeuroses make up the thoracolumbar fascia?. aponeuroses of latissimus dorsi, transversus abdominus, and internal ...
The fascia covering the levator scapulae and the rhomboid muscles has been removed. The parallel fascicles of the rhomboideus ...
The rather thick, elastic layer of fascia (11) between this muscle and the rib cage has been partially resected to reveal the ...
The methods include separating the iliocostalis lumborum muscle from the anterior leaf of the thoracolumbar fascia to create a ... The iliocostalis I is contained within the compartment of the thoraco-lumbar fascia F but has no attachment to the fascia F and ... The thoraco-lumbar fascia is incised in the line of its fibers to expose the iliocostalis muscle. A 2 cm main working portal is ... The thoraco-lumbar fascia was incised in the line of its fibers to expose the iliocostalis muscle. The 2 cm main working portal ...
The purpose of the Thoracolumbar Fascia Mobility study is to: *Use ultrasound to measure tissues in the back before and after ...
Origin - Posterior crest of the ilium (via the Thoracolumbar fascia).. Posterior sacrum.. Spinous processes of T7-L5. ...
The lats attach through the thoracolumbar fascia and have considerable emphasis on posture. As you extend the thoracic spine to ...
  • Bogdug N, MacIntosh JE 1984 The applied anatomy of the thoracolumbar fascia. (springer.com)
  • Following the successful conclusion of the 5th International Fascia Research Congress (IFRC) it is apt to say that the study of anatomy generally, and fascia specifically, is similar to looking out of the window of an aircraft at several thousand feet. (medworm.com)
  • Fascia anatomy is about scale and perspective. (medworm.com)
  • This muscle lies under the external oblique, however the muscle's fibers run in an upward diagonal pattern from the thoracolumbar fascia and the illiac crest to the lower three ribs and costal margins and to the pubis. (nismat.org)
  • Fascia nuchae superficialis) and a deeper layer that is located among the Trapezius muscle and that sheaths the deeper cervical musculature from dorsal side. (wikipedia.org)
  • They secrete chemicals that interfere with their first episode of pid to the renal fascia abdominal aorta and iliac arteries ureter inferior mesenteric vein and ureter, when cancers develop. (iahf.com)
  • They dissected 15 cadavers and found that the medial branch of the superior cluneal nerve is confined within a tunnel consisting of the thoracolumbar fascia and the superior rim of the iliac crest as the nerve passes over the iliac crest (see Figures 1A and 1B). (dynamicchiropractic.com)
  • We previously showed that in pigs, a unilateral thoracolumbar fascia injury combined with movement restriction (hobble) produced contralateral loss of fascia mobility (shear strain during passive trunk flexion measured with ultrasound) similar to findings in human subjects with chronic low back pain. (deepdyve.com)
  • Daily passive stretching was not superior to removing hobbles, as there was no significant improvement in fascia mobility with either treatment group (removed hobble or stretching). (deepdyve.com)
  • The rather thick, elastic layer of fascia (11) between this muscle and the rib cage has been partially resected to reveal the serratus posterior superior muscle (5). (stanford.edu)
  • 1 described for the first time the anatomic relationship of the superior cluneal nerve to the posterior iliac crest and thoracolumbar fascia. (dynamicchiropractic.com)
  • As a special type of free radical the AGEs cause adhesions in fascia, stiffening of blood vessels and a loss of elasticity in tendons - all resulting in impaired flexibility, a loss of micro-circulation and damage to the peripheral nerves. (performbetter.com)
  • The lats attach through the thoracolumbar fascia and have considerable emphasis on posture. (menshealth.com)