The continuous developmental process of a culture from simple to complex forms and from homogeneous to heterogeneous qualities.
Behavioral or attitudinal compliance with recognized social patterns or standards.
A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.
Modulation of human voice to produce sounds augmented by musical tonality and rhythm.
Sounds used in animal communication.
The relative amounts of the PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in a nucleic acid.
Observable changes of expression in the face in response to emotional stimuli.
Amino acids that are not synthesized by the human body in amounts sufficient to carry out physiological functions. They are obtained from dietary foodstuffs.
An approach to nutrition based on whole cereal grains, beans, cooked vegetables and the Chinese YIN-YANG principle. It advocates a diet consisting of organic and locally grown foods, seasonal vegetables, complex carbohydrates, and fewer fats, sugars, and chemically processed foods.
An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.
The act of feeding on plants by animals.
The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.
A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE that is perennial with conspicuous, almost palmate leaves like those of RICINUS but more deeply parted into five to nine lobes. It is a source of a starch after removal of the cyanogenic glucosides. The common name of Arrowroot is also used with Maranta (MARANTACEAE). The common name of yuca is also used for YUCCA.
Fabric or other material used to cover the body.
Socio-cultural evolution[edit]. As colonialism often played out in pre-populated areas, sociocultural evolution included the ... Colonialism: An International Social, Cultural, and Political Encyclopedia (3 vol 2003). *Petringa, Maria, Brazza, A Life for ... Cultural and religious conflict have often erupted in France in recent decades, between immigrants from the Maghreb countries ... Alfred W. Crosby, Jr., The Columbian Exchange: Biological and Cultural Consequences of 1492 (1974) ...
Impact on human evolution[edit]. Cultural innovations[edit]. Uses of fire by early humans[edit]. The discovery of fire came to ... The control of fire by early humans was a turning point in the cultural aspect of human evolution. Fire provided a source of ... 4 Impact on human evolution *4.1 Cultural innovations *4.1.1 Uses of fire by early humans ... These cultural advancements allowed for human geographic dispersal, cultural innovations, and changes to diet and behavior. ...
Inglehart, Ronald F. (2018). "Chapter 3. Global Cultural Patterns". Cultural Evolution. Cambridge University Press. p. 40. doi: ... Cultural differences between individualism and collectivism are differences in degrees, not in kind. Cultural individualism is ... 2 a Renaissance cultural movement that turned away from medieval scholasticism and revived interest in ancient Greek and Roman ... Takano, Yohtaro; Sogon, Shunya (2008). "Are Japanese More Collectivistic Than Americans?". Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology ...
Inglehart, Ronald F. (2018). "Chapter 3. Global Cultural Patterns". Cultural Evolution. Cambridge University Press. p. 47. doi: ... The global cultural map shows how scores of societies are located on these two dimensions. Moving upward on this map reflects ... "The WVS Cultural Map of the World". WVS. Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2014. ... As the cultural component of human empowerment, emancipative values are highly consequential in manifold ways. For one, ...
Note: Scots here means "Scots" not "Gaelic" Counting-out game Distin, Kate (2010). Cultural Evolution. Cambridge University ...
"Cultural Evolution". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2007. Montagu, MF Ashley. "Introduction" to Marriage Past and Present ... "Cultural anthropology has given the world a priceless treasure ... the ethnographic descriptions of many hundreds-or thousands ... social behavior drives evolution rather than the other way around: "Contrary to Goldberg, I do not believe that a genetic or ... cultural expectation of male leadership and control). The hypothetical psychophysiological phenomenon he proposes to explain ...
Cultural Evolution. Cambridge University Press. Conway, Lucian; Houck, Shannon; Gornick, Laura; Repke, Meredith (December 2017 ... However, a 2003 cross-cultural study examined the relation between authoritarianism and individualism-collectivism in samples ( ... this finding must be considered in a historical and cultural context. During the Cold War, authoritarians in the United States ... Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 34 (3): 304-322. doi:10.1177/0022022103034003005. Rubinstein, G (1996). "Two peoples in ...
9. Mesoudi, Alex (2011). Cultural Evolution. Chicago University Press. Richerson, Peter J.; Boyd, Robert (2005). Not By Genes ... in the humanities coincided with the emergence in the 1990s and 2000s of the new research domain called cultural evolution. ... According to Martindale, the principles of the evolution of art are based on statistic regularities rather than meaning, data ... In their wake, Moretti used the techniques of "distant reading": statistics and computation to study literary evolution. The ...
Distin, Kate (2010). Cultural Evolution. Cambridge University Press. p. 93. ISBN 978-0-521-18971-2. Hickey 2015, pp. 459-469. " ... Sport has been both one of the most unifying cultural forces in Northern England and, thanks to local rivalries such as the ... Northumbria then saw a Golden Age in cultural, scholarly and monastic activity, centred on Lindisfarne and aided by Irish monks ... The press frequently frames music stories and reviews in terms of cultural and class differences between North and South, ...
Cultural Evolution. Retrieved June 5, 2012.. ...
Lewens, Tim (2020). "Cultural Evolution". In Zalta, Edward N. (ed.). Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford University. ... Approaches to language as part of cultural evolution can be roughly divided into two main groups: genetic determinism which ... William James selects "zoölogical evolution", William Croft prefers botanical evolution, but most theorists zoom in to more ... Behavioural ecology and dual inheritance theory, the study of gene-culture co-evolution, emphasise the role of culture as a ...
The conclusion considers the implications of their findings for cultural policies. The book Cultural Evolution: People's ... On December 16, 2018, Fareed Zakaria chose Cultural Evolution as his book of the week, describing it as "really brilliant work ... Cultural Evolution: People's Motivations are Changing, and Reshaping the World, Cambridge University Press, 2018, ISBN ... ISBN 978-1-60692-731-1. Inglehart, Ronald (March 2018). "Cultural Evolution". [Cambridge University Press]. Retrieved 12 April ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Patel, Mary F. (May 30, 2007). "Cultural Evolution". Philadelphia City Paper. Archived ...
... sociocultural evolution; cultural materialism; Piaget, developmental psychology and primitive thought; the evolution of ... "Book Review: The Evolution of Moral Understanding" Winther, Rasmus Grønfeldt; McManus, Fabrizzio Guerrero. Evolution, Volume 68 ... The Co-Evolution of Religious Thought and Science: The Co-Evolution of Religious Thought and Science. Oxford University Press. ... The Principles of Social Evolution (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986) The Evolution of Moral Understanding (Prometheus Research ...
Smith, Bruce D. (2000). "Guilá Naquitz Revisited". Cultural Evolution. New York: Kluwer Academic. pp. 15-60. doi:10.1007/978-1- ... Feinman, Gary M.; Manzanilla, Linda (2000). Cultural Evolution: Contemporary Viewpoints. New York: Kluwer Academic. pp. 20-25, ...
"The Spirit of Evolution". Cognitive Cultural Studies. Review. UCLA.. *. Puhakka, Kaisa (1995). "Restoring Connectedness in the ... Sex, Ecology, Spirituality: The Spirit of Evolution is integral philosopher Ken Wilber's 1995 magnum opus. Wilber intended it ... Thompson, William Irwin (1996). Coming into Being: Artifacts and Texts in the Evolution of Consciousness. New York: St. ... In his 1997 book Coming into Being, cultural historian William Irwin Thompson harshly criticized the entire project of SES, ...
"Cultural Evolution of Behaviour". Netherlands Journal of Zoology. 40 (4): 745-62. doi:10.1163/156854290X00190. "Animism Profile ... Goodman, Felicitas D., Speaking in Tongues: A Cross-Cultural Study in Glossolalia. University of Chicago Press, 1972. Hine, ... Greek cultural, philosophical, mystical, and prophetic. Some forms of prayer require a prior ritualistic form of cleansing or ... prayer has been argued as representing a human cultural universal, which would have been present since the emergence of ...
Peregrine, Peter N. (2003). "Atlas of Cultural Evolution". World Cultures: Journal of Comparative and Cross-Cultural Research. ... The Atlas of Cultural Evolution, an archaeological database created by Peter N. Peregrine. CHIA (Collaborative Information for ... Cliodynamics: The Journal of Quantitative History and Cultural Evolution "The University of Hertfordshire's Cliodynamics Lab". ... Cliodynamics: The Journal of Quantitative History and Cultural Evolution Seshat: Global History Databank Peter Turchin's ...
"Cultural Evolution of Behaviour". Netherlands Journal of Zoology. 40 (4): 745-62. doi:10.1163/156854290X00190 Matthew 6: 5. ( ... Since then, it has now become the traditional way of sitting down within the household and for certain cultural events. Many of ...
Post-colonial studies incorporate subaltern studies of "history from below"; post-colonial cultural evolution; the ... While the lasting effects of cultural colonialism are of central interest, the intellectual antecedents in cultural critiques ... Academic imperialism Americanization Colonialism Cultural hegemony Cultural imperialism Dependency theory Ecological ... Post-colonial importation or continuation of cultural mores or elements may be regarded as a form of neocolonialism.[citation ...
ISBN 978-3-540-73999-9. Russell, Claire; Russell, W.M.S. (1989). "Cultural Evolution of Behaviour". Netherlands Journal of ... In Japan and other countries in the far-east cultural area, the palm faces the recipient with the hand at head's height. If ... Gestures are culture-specific and may convey very different meanings in different social or cultural settings. Gesture is ... A single emblematic gesture may have very different significance in different cultural contexts, ranging from complimentary to ...
"John C. Lilly Outline". Association for Cultural Evolution. Retrieved 2007-12-21. "Edward Lorenz". The National Severe Storms ...
Feinman, Gary M.; Manzanilla, Linda (2000). Cultural Evolution: Contemporary Viewpoints. New York: Kluwer Academic. p. 31. ISBN ... Whitaker, Thomas W.; Bemis, W. P. (1964). "Evolution in the Genus Cucurbita". Evolution. 18 (4): 553-559. doi:10.2307/2406209. ... Evolution. St. Louis, MO: Society for the Study of Evolution. 25 (1): 218-234. doi:10.2307/2406514. JSTOR 2406514. PMID ... Whitaker, T.W.; Bemis, W.P. (1975). "Origin and Evolution of the Cultivated Cucurbita". Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. ...
Institute for Human Evolution (IHE). University of the Witwatersrand. Amos, Jonathan (13 October 2011). "A Cultural Leap at the ... Human evolution: Cultural roots. Nature: News Feature. Voght, Henrik 2012. Her så vi lyset. Aftenposten A-magasinet. 2013 - CNN ... Journal of Human Evolution 59: 425-443. Marean, C.W. 2011. Coastal South Africa and the co-evolution of the modern human ... Journal of Human Evolution 56: 139-151. Armitage, S. J., Jasim, S. A., Marks, A. E., Parker, A. G., Usik, V. I., & Uerpmann, H ...
... cultural transmission theory or dual inheritance theory. The publication Cultural Transmission and Evolution: A Quantitative ... Cultural Transmission and Evolution. Princeton University Press, Princeton.. *Cavalli-Sforza, L. L., P. Menozzi, A. Piazza. ... Analysis of human evolution. pp. 923-933 in Genetics Today. Proceedings of the XI International Congress of Genetics, The Hague ... Stone, Linda; Lurquin, Paul F. (2005). A Genetic and Cultural Odyssey: The Life and Work of L. Luca Cavalli-Sforza. New York: ...
Cultural evolution affected physical evolution; "it is behavior that orients selective pressure" (Monod, 162). The author then ... And lastly the evolution of a teleonomic apparatus around the "replicative structures" would lead to the primitive cell. The ... says that due to the accelerating pace of cultural evolution, it no longer affects the genome and that selection does not favor ... Monod hypothesizes that language was not merely the product but one of the driving forces for the evolution of our central ...
Computer Models of Cultural Evolution. Nicholas Gessler. In EVOLUTION IN THE COMPUTER AGE - Proceedings of the Center for the ... According to N. Gessler, the personoids study can be a base for the research on artificial culture and culture evolution. Welt ... Study of Evolution and the Origin of Life, edited by David B. and Gary B. Fogel. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Sudbury, ...
Talas, Laszlo; Baddeley, Roland J.; Cuthill, Innes C. (2017). "Cultural evolution of military camouflage". Philosophical ... Camouflage patterns serve cultural functions alongside concealment. Apart from concealment, uniforms are also the primary means ... Camouflage patterns also have cultural functions such as political identification. Camouflage for equipment and positions was ... analyzed calibrated photographs of a series of NATO and Warsaw Pact uniform patterns and demonstrated that their evolution did ...
High fidelity cultural learning is what many have argued is necessary for cumulative cultural evolution, and has only been ... Henrich, Joseph; McElreath, Richard (2003). "The evolution of cultural evolution". Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and ... The evolution of mind: Fundamental questions and controversies. New York, NY: Guilford Press. pp. 193-202. Evolution and ... Full text Flinn, M.V. & Ward, C.V. (2004). Ontogeny and Evolution of the Social Child. In B. Ellis & D. Bjorklund (Eds.), ...
Teachers, nurses, social workers, professors and cultural workers (those employed in museums, orchestras and art galleries) all ... inspiring evolutions and advances in thinking which eventually gave workers their necessary rights. As collective bargaining ...
The diversity of Indian cultural groups and moderate positions of Hindu nationalism have sometimes made it regarded as cultural ... Evolution of ideological terminologyEdit. In first half of 20th century, factions of Indian National Congress continued to ... The cultural nationality of India, in the conviction of the RSS, is Hindu and it was inclusive of all who are born and who have ... Intersections: Socio-cultural Trends in Maharashtra. Orient Blackswan. p. 59. ISBN 9788125018780. .. ...
Different evolution of the group /ste/ led to different desinences for the past tense formation along Galician geography. ... Swiss German), shifts cultural influence from the Spanish domain to the Portuguese. Although it is difficult to clarify the ... evolution, lexicon, etymology, onomastics). His Elementos etimológicos segun el método de Euclides (1766), written in Spanish ... as an acknowledgement of the cultural and linguistic unity of Galicia and Portugal during the Middle Ages, as the two ...
See also: Cultural effects of the Ebola crisis. Weaponisation. Ebolavirus is classified as a biosafety level 4 agent, as well ... and rapid evolution death after a mean of three days."[163] ...
The third chimpanzee: the evolution and future of the human animal.. *^ a b Sharman Apt Russell (2006). Hunger an unnatural ... In Ungar, Peter S.; Teaford, Mark F. Human Diet: Its Origins and Evolution. Westport, Connecticut: Bergin and Garvey. pp. 111- ... "Human Evolution," Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2007 Archived 2009-11-01 at WebCite Contributed by Richard B. Potts, B. ... "Human Evolution," Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2007 Archived 2008-04-08 at the Wayback Machine. Contributed by Richard ...
In his monograph, The Origins Of The Final Solution: The Evolution of Nazi Jewish Policy, September 1939 - March 1942, ... Browning i, Christopher (2007). The Origins of the Final Solution: The Evolution of Nazi Jewish Policy, September 1939 - March ... 2004). The Origins of the Final Solution : The Evolution of Nazi Jewish Policy, September 1939 - March 1942. Comprehensive ... The two operations constitute an evolution not only chronologically, but also in complexity."[9] Massacres of about one million ...
Gunda, M. R. (2010). The Bible and Homosexuality in Zimbabwe : A Socio-historical Analysis of the Political, Cultural and ... Taxonomy and evolutionEdit. The scientific name of the black wildebeest is Connochaetes gnou. The animal is placed in the genus ... This evolution is quite recent on a geologic time scale.[9] ... evolution (doctoral dissertation)".. *^ a b c d e f g h i ...
Klein, Richard G. (1999). The Human Career: Human Biological and Cultural Origins (2nd ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago ... Findings Challenge Conventional Ideas on Evolution of Human Diet, Natural Selection Newswise, Retrieved on June 26, 2008. ...
"Human Evolution". History Channel. Archived from the original on 23 April 2008. Retrieved 17 May 2008.. ... Ferraro, Gary P. (2006). Cultural Anthropology: An Applied Perspective. The Thomson Corporation. ISBN 0495030392. Retrieved 17 ... The use of tools by early humans was partly a process of discovery and of evolution. Early humans evolved from a species of ... "Evolution of Modern Humans: Archaic Homo sapiens Culture". Palomar College. Retrieved 31 March 2007.. ...
Evolution. Further information: Evolution of cephalopods. Fossil history and phylogeny. Cephalopods have existed for 500 ... Cultural references. Ancient seafaring people were aware of the octopus, as evidenced by certain artworks and designs. For ... Hence, greater transcriptome plasticity has come as the cost of slower genome evolution. High levels of RNA editing do not ... and implications for the evolution of Octopoda". 51 (5). Palaeontology: 1129-1139. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2008.00797.x.. ...
Genomics and knowledge of human genetics and human evolution is having increasingly significant influence on medicine, as the ... cultural studies, psychology, sociology), and the arts (literature, theater, film, and visual arts) and their application to ... evolution, and genetics are influencing medical technology, practice and decision-making. ...
Utz, Axel (2011). Cultural exchange, imperialist violence, and pious missions: Local perspectives from Tanjavur and Lenape ... Evolution Publications and Manufacturing, 2011. ISBN 978-1-935228-06-6. ... One big cultural change occurred during the Beaver Wars-instead of honor raids for bragging rights by stealing cattle, food ... His new colony effectively displaced many Lenape and forced others to adapt to new cultural demands. Penn gained a reputation ...
Like Edmund Burke, Niebuhr endorsed natural evolution over imposed change and emphasized experience over theory. Niebuhr's ... "cultural annihilation of the Jews".[62] Eventually, his theology evolved to the point where he was the first prominent ...
For species such as marlin, muskellunge, and bass, there is a cultural taboo among anglers against taking them for food. In ... A Critique of the paper: "Do fish have nociceptors: Evidence for the evolution of a vertebrate sensory system" Archived March ... "Do fish have nociceptors: Evidence for the evolution of a vertebrate sensory system", 2003 by Sneddon, Braithwaite and Gentle. ...
Villanueva-Russell Y (June 2011). "Caught in the crosshairs: identity and cultural authority within chiropractic". Soc Sci Med ... Phillips RB (2005). "The evolution of vitalism and materialism and its impact on philosophy". In Haldeman S, Dagenais S, ...
Wayne, R. (1993). "Molecular evolution of the dog family". Trends in Genetics. 9 (6): 218-24. doi:10.1016/0168-9525(93)90122-X ... Likhachev Scientific Research Institute for Cultural Heritage and Environmental Protection in Russia. Male jackal pups had to ...
1997). The Evolution of the Soul. Oxford: Oxford University Press.. *Leibowitz, Aryeh. (2018). The Neshama: A Study of the ... The Philosophy of Person: Solidarity and Cultural Creativity, Jozef Tischner and George McClean, 1994, p. 32 ... Bahá'u'lláh taught that individuals have no existence prior to their life here on earth and the soul's evolution is always ...
Margo DeMello (2009). Feet and Footwear: A Cultural Encyclopedia. Greenwood Press/ABC-CLIO. p. 311. ISBN 978-0-313-35714-5. .. ... "Evolution and Human Behavior. 34 (3): 176-181. doi:10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2012.11.006.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font- ... Margo DeMello (10 September 2009). Feet and Footwear: A Cultural Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 323. ISBN 978-0-313-35715-2. .. ... It has not been popular for men to wear high heels since the late 18th century.[3] Some men see the cultural norm, which often ...
While Darwinian evolution never became an issue for northern Presbyterians as most accommodated themselves to some form of ... and resistance to secularism and cultural accommodation within the church.[94] By the 1940s, neo-orthodoxy and the closely ... Near-Eastern people whose world view and manner of thought was formulated in language structures and cultural contexts very ... theistic evolution, the new discipline of biblical interpretation known as higher criticism would become highly controversial. ...
Cultural references. In Undead Science, sociologist Bart Simon gives some examples of cold fusion in popular culture, saying ... There are also "heat-after-death" experiments, where the evolution of heat is monitored after the electric current is turned ...
... especially during times of quick cultural and social changes.[21][22] During this period the temple made changes to the ...
Gulisija D, Crow JF (May 2007). "Inferring purging from pedigree data". Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution. ... Along with cultural taboos, parental education and awareness of inbreeding consequences have played large roles in minimizing ... Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution. 59 (2): 317-23. doi:10.1554/04-128. PMID 15807418. S2CID 198156378.. ... International Journal of Organic Evolution. Oregon: Society for the Study of Evolution. 45 (3): 622-629. doi:10.1111/j.1558- ...
Molecular Biology and Evolution. 14 (5): 537-543. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a025790. PMID 9159931.. ... Mack, John (2013). The Sea: a cultural history. Reaktion Books. pp. 205-206. ISBN 978-1-78023-184-6.. ... Whitehead, H. (2003). Sperm Whales: Social Evolution in the Ocean. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-226- ... Main article: Evolution of cetaceans. Whales are descendants of land-dwelling mammals of the artiodactyl order (even-toed ...
a b Colbert, E.H. & Morales, M. (2001): Colbert's Evolution of the Vertebrates: A History of the Backboned Animals Through Time ... "de beste bron van informatie over cultural institution. Deze website is te koop!". Archived from the original on ... Evolution No. 4, vol 5: pp. 1098-1115 PDF *^ Huey, R.B. (1982): Temperature, physiology, and the ecology of reptiles. Side 25- ... Pianka, Eric R.; Vitt, Laurie J. (2003). Lizards: Windows to the Evolution of Diversity (Organisms and Environments, 5). 5 (1 ...
2012). The beginnings of ancient Kurdistan (c. 2500-1500 BC) : a historical and cultural synthesis. Leiden University, pp. 502- ... There is no unambiguous evolution of Kurdish from Middle Iranian, as "from Old and Middle Iranian times, no predecessors of the ... Kurds in Iraq and Syria have autonomous regions, while Kurdish movements continue to pursue greater cultural rights, autonomy, ... Unlike in other Kurdish-populated countries, there are strong ethnolinguistical and cultural ties between Kurds, Persians and ...
McKewan, Jaclyn (2009). "Evolution, Chemical". In H. James Birx". Predeterminism. Encyclopedia of Time: Science, Philosophy, ... "Is Belief in Free Will a Cultural Universal?". Mind & Language. 25 (3): 346-58. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0017.2010.01393.x. ISSN 1468 ... Steven Pinker's view is that fear of determinism in the context of "genetics" and "evolution" is a mistake, that it is "a ... Gregory W. Graffin and William B. Provine, "Evolution, Religion, and Free Will," American Scientist 95 (July-August 2007), 294- ...
Evolution * sw:Evolution. Explosive material * sw:Explosive material. Eye * sw:Eye. Family * sw:Family. Fascism * sw:Fascism. ... Cultural Revolution * sw:Cultural Revolution. Culture * sw:Culture. Currency * sw:Currency. Cyrillic script * sw:Cyrillic ...
Roughgarden, Joan (2004). Evolution's Rainbow: Diversity, Gender, and Sexuality in Nature and People. University of California ... Social and cultural aspects. Toilet training. Babies have little socialized control over urination within traditions or ... Serpell, James (21 September 1995). The Domestic Dog: Its Evolution, Behaviour and Interactions with People. Cambridge ... "Intersex Surgery, Female Genital Cutting, and the Selective Condemnation of "Cultural Practices"" (PDF). Retrieved 10 February ...
Cultural Halls[edit]. *Cultural exhibitions include sections on Tibet and China, where visitors can view traditional clothing.[ ... Evolving Planet follows the evolution of life on Earth over 4 billion years. The exhibit showcases fossils of single-celled ... The Field Museum academic faculty and scientific staff engage in field expeditions, in biodiversity and cultural research on ... as well as rich anthropological collections and cultural artifacts from around the globe.[7][13][14][15] The Field Museum ...
Cultural aspectsEdit. Music has been looked upon for centuries as an accompaniment to rituals and cultural traditions. Michael ... "Introduction to Human Evolution". The Smithsonian Institution's Human Origins Program. January 27, 2010. Retrieved March 14, ... Cultural considerationsEdit. Music therapy, like many forms of therapy, has the potential to be a highly culturally sensitive ... Empathy in general is an important aspect of any mental health and the same is true for music therapy, as is cultural awareness ...
"Cultural Evolution Culture is information capable of affecting individuals behaviour that they acquire from other members of ... Just as biological evolution is characterised by changing frequencies of genes in populations through time so cultural ... The study of cultural evolution involves characterising those forces and modelling their consequences. ... It is increasingly recognised that cultural evolution can influence gene distributions in populations, as in the well-known ...
But mathematician and Social Dimension blogger Samuel Arbesman explains how the rule does describe the evolution of human ... Figure from Variable Cultural Acquisition Costs Constrain Cumulative Cultural Evolution. Figure from Variable Cultural ... Figure from Variable Cultural Acquisition Costs Constrain Cumulative Cultural Evolution. Figure from Variable Cultural ... In other words, cultural ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny.. Mesoudi demonstrated this in an elegant way, at least when it comes ...
Biological Evolution Cultural Evolution Biological Theory Niche Construction Cultural Transmission These keywords were added by ... Henrich J, McElreath R (2003) The evolution of cultural evolution. Evolutionary Anthropology 12: 123-135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Is human cultural evolution Darwinian? Evidence reviewed from the perspective of The Origin of Species. Evolution 58: 1-11. ... Comparative methods for studying cultural trait evolution: A simulation study. Cross-Cultural Research 40: 177-209.CrossRef ...
Cross-cultural comparison of evolution & God. Posted by Razib Khan on December 14, 2008 ... Acceptance of Evolution & belief in God, over at Secular Right. Heres my conclusion:. … In any case, I think the two ... I doubt that the rejection of evolution has as much to do with Lysenkoism as it does with overall underdevelopment…. ... observations I would make is that Roman Catholicisms acceptance of evolution shows, as those nations tend to be above the ...
... and pure cultural theories, which describe the mechanism of cultural evolution without referring to sports biological bases. ... and sports have evolved new cultural functions more-or-less unrelated to mate choice as cultural evolution itself became ... Several biological and cultural factors may moderate the direct effect that signaling value has on a sports viability or ... This article outlines a Darwinian approach to sports that takes into account its profoundly cultural character and thereby ...
2008) Cumulative cultural evolution in the laboratory: An experimental approach to the origins of structure in human language. ... Effect of psychological bias separates cultural from biological evolution Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message ... Effect of psychological bias separates cultural from biological evolution. Nicolas Claidière, Simon Kirby and Dan Sperber ... 2007) The role of attraction in cultural evolution. J Cogn Cult 7(1):89-111. ...
Mechanisms of cultural evolution. Mechanisms of cultural evolution (Something like a Developmental Evolutionary take on culture ... The Central Role of Development in Cultural Evolution. In R. Sansom & R. N. Brandon (Eds.), Integrating Evolution and ... Mechanisms of cultural evolution (Something like a Developmental Evolutionary take on culture) Claes Andersson Chalmers ... Andersson, C., Törnberg, A., & Törnberg, P. (2014). An Evolutionary Developmental Approach to Cultural Evolution. Current ...
Posted in Cultural EvolutionTagged cultural evolution32 Comments on Rice culture reduces individualism Learning from cultural ... Posted in Cultural EvolutionTagged cultural evolution6 Comments on Learning from cultural anthropology as opposed to unlearning ... Posted in Cultural EvolutionTagged cultural evolution1 Comment on Why Darwinian metaphors work for start-ups Pick the right ... Posted in Cultural EvolutionTagged cultural evolution9 Comments on Why our society might go "splat!" on the windshield sooner ...
Caldwell, CA and Millen, AE (2008) Experimental models for testing hypotheses about cumulative cultural evolution. Evolution ... to test whether cultural transmission biases derived from the cultural evolution literature can explain this trend towards ... Fessler, DMT, Pisor, AC and Navarrete, CD (2014) Negatively-biased credulity and the cultural evolution of beliefs. PLoS One 9( ... Acerbi, A and Bentley, RA (2014) Biases in cultural transmission shape the turnover of popular traits. Evolution and Human ...
2007) Homophily, cultural drift, and the co-evolution of cultural groups. J Conflict Resolut 51(6):905-929. ... The spontaneous emergence of conventions: An experimental study of cultural evolution Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you ... The spontaneous emergence of conventions: An experimental study of cultural evolution. Damon Centola and Andrea Baronchelli ... The evolution of social conventions across network topologies (n = 24). Panels indicate spatially embedded networks (A and D, ...
The cultural evolution of prosocial religions - Volume 39 - Ara Norenzayan, Azim F. Shariff, Will M. Gervais, Aiyana K. Willard ... Slingerland E., Henrich J. & Norenzayan A. (2013) The evolution of prosocial religions. In: Cultural evolution: Society, ... The cultural evolution of prosocial religions. * Ara Norenzayan (a1), Azim F. Shariff (a2), Will M. Gervais (a3), Aiyana K. ... Evolution and Human Behavior 32:41-49. Atkinson Q. D. & Whitehouse H. (2011) The cultural morphospace of ritual form: Examining ...
... evolution and complexity. [R V S Wright; Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.;] ... Stone tools as cultural markers : change, evolution and complexity. Author:. R V S Wright; Australian Institute of Aboriginal ... Stone tools as cultural markers : change, evolution and complexity/R V S Wright; Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.;; ... schema:name "Stone tools as cultural markers : change, evolution and complexity"@en ;. schema:productID "4287495" ;. schema: ...
Cultural evolution is cultural change viewed from an evolutionary perspective. It may also refer to: Behavioral ecology, the ... a specific framework for studying cultural evolution Memetics, neo-Darwinist view of the transmission of cultural traits ... over time as studied in anthropology This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Cultural evolution. If ... study of the evolutionary basis for animal behavior due to ecological pressures Cultural selection theory, studies of cultural ...
the cultural evolution of early Christianity is analyzed through certain key research topics, studied by the members of the ... is to break new ground in cultural evolutionary studies by combining up-to-date cultural evolutionary theorizing with detailed ... textual and cultural analyses of key topics, in order to analyze the possible selective advantage of early Christian groups and ... texts in their Jewish and Greco-Roman cultural context.. There are two main hypotheses to be tested. 1) Early Christian groups ...
The Evolution of the Grand Tour: Anglo-Italian Cultural Relations since the .... Edward Chaney. No preview available - 2000. ... The Evolution of the Grand Tour: Anglo-Italian Cultural Relations since the .... Edward Chaney. Limited preview - 2014. ... The Evolution of the Grand Tour: Anglo-Italian Cultural Relations since the .... Edward Chaney. Limited preview - 2014. ... The Evolution of the Grand Tour: Anglo-Italian Cultural Relations Since the Renaissance. ...
... it is assumed that cultural/social norms are transmitted from one generation to the next one via two venues: (i) direct ... by the community and cultural environment. This paper focuses on the transmission of religious norms and in particular on the ... "The Evolution of Secularization: Cultural Transmission, Religion and Fertility. Theory, Simulations and Evidence," Papers on ... "The evolution of secularization: cultural transmission, religion and fertility-theory, simulations and evidence," Journal of ...
... has been subject to several casting controversies over the years that ultimately led to an evolution in the way the piece is ... News A History of Casting King and I - Cultural Evolution and Community Action By Logan Culwell-Block ... A History of Casting King and I - Cultural Evolution and Community Action. .bsp-site-header-wrapper.bsp-site-customcolors- ... The mainstream theatre industrys evolution in the casting of Asian roles began to affect The King and I with the 1996 Broadway ...
I will first give a general presentation of the cultural evolution framework, and I will then introduce this more specific ... I will first give a general presentation of the cultural evolution framework, and I will then introduce this more specific ... In this review I propose that cultural evolution theory, including both a sophisticated view of human behaviour and a ... contextualised in cognitive science and cultural evolution theory, and I discuss how this perspective could help us to ...
The evolution of fancy social learning in humans accounts for both the nature of human adaptation and the extraordinary scale ... Ecology and Culture investigates the role of culture in human evolution and adaptation. ... and statisticians contributing to a general theory of cultural evolution.. Cultural evolution aims in part to explain the ... Thus, we aim to place the study of cultural evolution on a firm theoretical footing, and provide a bridge between that theory ...
2015). Importantly, cultural evolution theory offers an integrative approach to studying the dynamics of cultural change based ... The conditions for cultural group selection. The application of cultural evolution and multilevel selection to sustainability ... A brief background on cultural evolution. The idea that there are parallels between how cultural traits change and how ... 2017). As such, we see cultural evolution as a tool that allows sustainability scientists to incorporate cultural dynamics into ...
... organizing and conducting cultural events, providing displays and exhibits, conducting educational programs, seminars, lectures ... INNOVATIONIST is a trademark and brand of The Institute for Cultural Evolution. Filed to USPTO On Monday, August 15, 2016, The ... The Institute for Cultural Evolution. Educational and conference services, namely, organizing and conducting cultural events, ... This is a brand page for the INNOVATIONIST trademark by The Institute for Cultural Evolution in Boulder, CO, 80302. ...
Home / Shop / Series / Human Evolution, Biological and Cultural Domains - New in 2019. Human Evolution, Biological and Cultural ... Human Evolution, Biological and Cultural Domains - New in 2019 (3). *Caucasus and Central Asia Political, Social and Economic ... Nova, 2020, Human Evolution, Biological and Cultural Domains - New in 2019, Upcoming Publications, Biology, Life Sciences ... Nova, 2018, Human Evolution, Biological and Cultural Domains - New in 2019, World Philosophy, Editors Picks, Genetics ...
... then the rate of cultural evolution itself will never be rate limiting and cultural evolution will lack the Darwinian element. ... Of the greatest significance is that cultural evolution is more rapid than genetic evolution. When the results of individual ... Such enigmatic, long time scale patterns are evident in both organic and cultural evolution. For example, in organic evolution ... now counting cultural evolution as a type of Darwinian evolution). First, rates of long-term change may be regulated by factors ...
The Role of Cooperation and Cultural Evolution," Papers on Economics and Evolution 2006-06, Philipps University Marburg, ... "A naturalistic approach to the theory of the firm: The role of cooperation and cultural evolution," Journal of Economic ... "Emergent Cultural Phenomena and their Cognitive Foundations," Papers on Economics and Evolution 2007-22, Philipps University ... "Emergent Cultural Phenomena and their Cognitive Foundations," Chapters,in: Evolution, Organization and Economic Behavior, ...
Cultural Evolution at the Santa Fe Institute. Olivier Morin3 September 20140 ... These is the beginning of Robert Boyds thoughts on the workshop on cultural evolution convened by Dan Dennett in Santa Fe in ... These are Susan Blackmores thoughts on the workshop on cultural evolution convened by Dan Dennett in Santa Fe in May 2014. ... These are Nicolas Claidières thoughts on the workshop on cultural evolution convened by Dan Dennett in Santa Fe in May 2014. ...
Biological, cultural and technological evolution?. Discussion of everything related to the Theory of Evolution. ... The subject of cultural evolution is a wasteland in the social sciences because it would explain progress without religions ... A meme propagates itself as a unit of cultural evolution and diffusion - analogous in many ways to the behavior of the gene ( ... Would someone be able to explain to me the interrelationships between biological, cultural and technological evolution? Thanks ...
Call for papers: Cultural Evolution. Palgrave Communications, the open access journal from Palgrave Macmillan (part of Springer ... Cultural evolution describes how socially learned ideas, rules, and skills are transmitted and change over time, giving rise to ... Evolution of religious practices and beliefs;. *Real-world applications of cultural evolutionary knowledge, e.g. to grand ... Conference on "Cultural Evolution: Arts, Languages, Technologies" in Tartu, June 6-8, 2018 ...
2014 The cultural evolution of technology. In Cultural evolution (eds PJ Richerson, MH Christiansen), pp. 119-142. Cambridge, ... 2011 Variable cultural acquisition costs constrain cumulative cultural evolution. PLoS ONE 6, e18239. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone ... 2004 Is human cultural evolution Darwinian? Evidence reviewed from the perspective of The Origin of Species. Evolution 58, 1-11 ... 2008 The multiple roles of cultural transmission experiments in understanding human cultural evolution. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B ...
... or the developmental pathways that such collective cultural and social evolution might take. As always, the particular cultural ... to deny evolution in the human and cultural domain is to deny that learning occurs or can occur in collective consciousness ... FIGURE 2: Cultural development and the Integral principle of universal evolution. Referring to this concept of a tree of ... Evolution, above all, means complexity and this pertains more to the cultural domain than to perhaps any other quadrant of ...
  • Cultural evolution aims in part to explain the dynamics of cultural change, defined as changes in the frequency and diversity of cultural traits over time. (
  • Culture area , also called cultural area, culture province , or ethno-geographic area , in anthropology , geography , and other social sciences, a contiguous geographic area within which most societies share many traits in common. (
  • [3] [4] These cultural groups can be divided based on seemingly trivial observable traits, but with time, populations grow to associate certain traits with certain behaviour, increasing covariation. (
  • we distinguish the notions of "musicality"-a set of traits which evolve as constrained by our cognitive and biological system that shape musical behaviors across cultures - and "music"-a socio-cultural artifact building on the biological inclination for musicality. (
  • Similarly, nothing prevents us from defining cultural evolution as the study of how and why the frequencies of cultural traits change with time. (
  • Cultural traits, however, are a more general category than memes, because they also include quantitative traits that cannot be easily represented as discrete alternatives (for example, an inclination to trust strangers, which I will discuss in tomorrow's blog). (
  • The process of transmitting cultural traits is also quite different from that of gene replication. (
  • We explored the concept of "regulatory traits", that is, cultural traits that are both socially transmitted (they are "cultural"), and influence directly ("regulate") cultural dynamics. (
  • Even though the outcomes described above are the product of extreme, and scarcely realistic, conditions, regulatory traits-driven dynamics can interact with other aspects involved in cultural transmission, generating more complex, and - hopefully - interesting, outcomes (we explore, among others, in-group biases and fashion-like dynamics). (
  • Conservatism itself is, in my opinion, an underestimated force with regard to the spreading of cultural traits. (
  • Moreover, a part from having effects in cultural dynamics, regulatory traits represent a difference between cultural and biological evolution. (
  • However, the fact that cultural information can be transmitted in many different ways creates the opportunity to regulate the flow of information in a fine-grained and context-dependent way, and regulatory traits can have a role in this process. (
  • As Spencer put it: "there are not several kinds of Evolution having certain traits in common, but one Evolution going on everywhere after the same manner. (
  • Traits arising through convergent evolution are termed analogous structures, in contrast to homologous structures, which have a common origin. (
  • The opposite of convergent evolution is divergent evolution , whereby related species evolve different traits. (
  • DIT recognizes that the natural selection of genotypes is an important component of the evolution of human behavior and that cultural traits can be constrained by genetic imperatives. (
  • Cultural traits are transmitted differently from genetic traits and, therefore, result in different population-level effects on behavioral variation. (
  • Cultural traits alter the social and physical environments under which genetic selection operates. (
  • For example, the cultural adoptions of agriculture and dairying have, in humans, caused genetic selection for the traits to digest starch and lactose , respectively. (
  • DIT also predicts that, under certain situations, cultural evolution may select for traits that are genetically maladaptive. (
  • What I hope to show in the following is that the basic principles of Integral philosophy itself, when applied consistently to the issue of sociocultural evolution, raise some serious concerns regarding the assessment and ranking of cultures on global unidimensional scales of development, irrespective of how universal or cross-culturally valid those scales may be. (
  • houses in Hanoi's Old Quarter (based on 78 data lines extracted from 248 photos), the study argues that it is plausible to look at the aesthetics, architecture, and designs of the house façade to find traces of cultural evolution in Vietnam, which went through more than six decades of French colonization and centuries of sociocultural influence from China. (
  • Evolutionary studies of the society have been called a variety of names: Sociocultural Evolution, Social Evolution, Sociobiology, Evolutionary Psychology, and even Social Darwinism (the last one is now a thoroughly discredited theory, which was used especially in the late nineteenth century to justify racism, imperialism, Nazism, and a number of other unpleasant ideologies). (
  • To many social scientists (including, most notably, social anthropologists), sociocultural evolution implies some kind of a theory of social progress, which often assumes that human societies pass through a set of well-defined stages. (
  • For example, one of the earliest proponents of sociocultural evolution, the American anthropologist Lewis H. Morgan (1818-1881), proposed that societies develop through three stages: from 'savagery' to 'barbarism' and finally to 'civilization. (
  • This view of sociocultural evolution divides all societies into four stages: savage, barbarous, half-civilized, and civilized. (
  • Address the roles of disease in human evolution and history, sociocultural factors in contemporary world health problems, the comparative cultures of ethnomedicine and biomedicine, and ethnicity and health care. (
  • Alex Mesoudi, a scholar in the field of cultural evolution, is publishing book chapters as preprints. (
  • This is because, although evolved genetic mechanisms, ecological processes, and socio-cultural mechanisms all influence resource use, social conditions often change more quickly than ecological conditions and cultural evolution is more rapid than genetic evolution (Perreault 2012 ). (
  • As such, there is an urgent need for sustainability scientists to develop more holistic or inclusive models to explain and integrate socio-cultural mechanisms of change at both individual and institutional levels (Borgerhoff Mulder and Coppolillo 2005 ). (
  • 2005) The Evolution of Cultural Diversity: A Phylogenetic Approach. (
  • This article outlines a Darwinian approach to sports that takes into account its profoundly cultural character and thereby overcomes the traditional nature-culture dichotomies in the sociology of sport. (
  • Our approach combines the insights of evolutionary psychology, which states that biological adaptations determine the boundaries for the types of sport that are possible, and pure cultural theories, which describe the mechanism of cultural evolution without referring to sport's biological bases. (
  • An Evolutionary Developmental Approach to Cultural Evolution. (
  • A compelling alternative approach comes from theories of social evolution ( 2 , 18 ⇓ - 20 ). (
  • 2015 ). Importantly, cultural evolution theory offers an integrative approach to studying the dynamics of cultural change based on causal models of the mechanisms through which individual and population processes interact. (
  • A Naturalistic Approach to the Theory of the Firm: The Role of Cooperation and Cultural Evolution ," Papers on Economics and Evolution 2006-06, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography. (
  • A naturalistic approach to the theory of the firm: The role of cooperation and cultural evolution ," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization , Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 125-139, October. (
  • The meme reproduces through its psychological appeal and the logic of itself, and the article uses an established approach to reveal cultural rather than rational explanations for TM. (
  • The study of cultural evolution has taken on an increasingly interdisciplinary and diverse approach in explicating phenomena of cultural transmission and adoptions. (
  • Inspired by this computational movement, this study uses Bayesian networks analysis, combining both the frequentist and the Hamiltonian Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) approach, to investigate the highly representative elements in the cultural evolution of a Vietnamese city's architecture in the early 20th century. (
  • Equating evolutionism with fixed stages is a very puzzling approach for evolutionary scientists, like me, whose training was in biological evolution. (
  • A cultural evolutionary approach seats corruption as a special case of cooperation, offering new means to understand and combat it (Muthukrishna, et al. (35.161.114)
  • A cultural evolutionary approach reveals the relationship between economic growth, inequality, tolerance for inequality, and widespread beliefs-like "evil eye" and witchcraft-that have economic implications (Li & Muthukrishna, 2017, "The coevolution of Economic Growth, Inequality, Tolerance for Inequality, and Belief in Evil Eye", Working Paper). (35.161.114)
  • 4. Kirby S, Cornish H, Smith K (2008) Cumulative cultural evolution in the laboratory: An experimental approach to the origins of structure in human language. (
  • Cultural Transmission and Evolution (MPB-16): A Quantitative Approach. (
  • But most modern cultural anthropologists have adopted a general systems approach, examining cultures as emergent systems and argue that one must consider the whole social environment, which includes political and economic relations among cultures. (
  • To do this, we focus on developing analytical and simulation models of various cultural phenomena. (
  • Further, I propose a unifying framework that countenances group decision-making as an iterative learning process, and thus emphasises the role of collective intelligence in the emergence of cultural phenomena hitherto considered uniquely human, but arguably found even in non-humans. (
  • In contrast, recent simulation models have found that basic social influences on learning suffice to support both cultural phenomena. (
  • This research demonstrates the potential of combining different methodologies-review of anthropological data, experiments, and modeling-to investigate cultural phenomena. (
  • The editors provide an extensive introductory essay to contextualize the volume, and Wimsatt contributes a separate chapter that systematically organizes the conceptual geography of cultural processes and phenomena. (
  • Convergent evolution is similar to, but distinguishable from, the phenomena of evolutionary relay and parallel evolution . (
  • Mesoudi reviews the history of the field, from the rise and fall of human sociobiology in the 1970s to the birth of evolutionary psychology in the 1980s, and the gradual but consistent waxing of lesser-known disciplines such as cognitive anthropology and human behavioral ecology (out of which comes cultural evolution). (
  • mathematical modeling and computer simulation of cultural evolutionary dynamics. (
  • Popular music offers a rich source of data that provides insights into long-term cultural evolutionary dynamics. (
  • Currently, however, the dynamics of cultural change are not well understood in the context of sustainability. (
  • Against a baseline that communication variants spread in a population following neutral evolutionary dynamics (also known as drift models), we tested the role of two cultural selection models: coordination- and content-biased. (
  • Their cultural evolutionary account of religion only looks at the cultural dynamics arising from competition between groups, not at the dynamics arising from within the group. (
  • Drawing from game-theoretic analyses of the emergence and cultural evolution of social institutions, I outline two sets of important 'within-group' dynamics that shape institutional religions. (
  • Bringing these dynamics into account enables us to explain prominent features of institutional religions that cannot be satisfactorily explained by the current model of the cultural evolution of religions. (
  • An initial survey identified variations on norms regarding cattle-raiding, cultural markers, cooperation, family dynamics, and crime and punishment. (
  • This is both socially transmitted (parents do an effort to convince their children that learning from teachers at school is good) and influences directly - at least this is what parents aim for - cultural dynamics (children will listen to what teachers say at school). (
  • The Language Evolution LAB is oriented to the analysis of the Origin of Evolution of Language studying the cognitive mechanisms, interaction patterns, and collective dynamics that could explain how grammatical structures arise in human language by building agent-based models and using the hypothesis that self-organization and (linguistic) selection are the primary driving forces. (
  • UCL has one of the one of the largest number of researchers actively involved in human evolution research of any university in the world. (
  • However, human evolution research is necessarily cross-disciplinary and these researchers are dispersed across a number of different departments and institutes. (
  • Human Evolution @ UCL provides information on these researchers and their various research themes, as well as on human evolution teaching and seminars, and serves as a focal point for the initiation of collaborative research and teaching. (
  • Ecology of human evolution: biological, social and cultural approaches to hominin adaptations. (
  • This module explores human evolution in terms of physiological, social and cultural adaptations. (
  • For a discussion of human evolution, see the article human evolution . (
  • This scenario provides the backdrop behind a perplexing question about human evolution: the advent of female reproductive senescence. (
  • But as knowledge of human evolution, our closeness to other primates, and our adaptations to specific environments emerged, we have taken our place in the animal kingdom. (
  • In this review I propose that cultural evolution theory, including both a sophisticated view of human behavior and a methodological attitude to modeling and quantitative analysis, provides a useful framework to study the effects and the developments of media in the digital age. (
  • I will first give a general presentation of the cultural evolution framework, and I will then introduce this more specific research program with two illustrative topics. (
  • Here, I will not attempt a review of the existing literature, but I will propose that a specific scientific field, cultural evolution, could provide a suitable framework to analyse how the massive diffusion of digital media influences human cultural behavior. (
  • The study of cultural evolution seeks to explain the diversity of human behavior observed worldwide and offers a mechanistic, causal framework for understanding changes in socially learned norms, values, and institutions (Richerson and Boyd 2005 ). (
  • The cultural multilevel selection (CMLS) framework recognizes the potential for evolutionary pressures to operate on multiple scales simultaneously. (
  • Then there is the question of whether evolution is the right framework for all the forms of cultural transmission? (
  • Although theories of unilinear evolution has fallen out of favor, some cultural anthropologists and many archeologists still work within the framework of multilineal evolution. (
  • The aim of this initiative is to develop a unified framework capable of understanding cultural change beyond the knowledge of any single discipline. (
  • Right now I am struggling with trying to explain why this question is best answered within the framework of Cultural Evolution. (
  • Despite the appeal of meme theory, its simplification of complex interactions and other inadequacies as an explanatory framework raise more questions about cultural evolution than it answers. (
  • What is cumulative cultural evolution? (
  • In recent years, the phenomenon of cumulative cultural evolution (CCE) has become the focus of major research interest in biology, psychology and anthropology. (
  • Today, a leading front-runner for the key to human success is cumulative culture, or cumulative cultural evolution (CCE). (
  • Here, we investigated the effect of multilevel sociality on cumulative cultural evolution by using wireless sensing technology to map inter- and intraband social networks among Agta hunter-gatherers. (
  • By simulating the accumulation of cultural innovations over the real Agta multicamp networks, we demonstrate that multilevel sociality accelerates cultural differentiation and cumulative cultural evolution. (
  • Our results suggest that hunter-gatherer social structures [based on (i) clustering of families within camps and camps within regions, (ii) cultural transmission within kinship networks, and (iii) high intercamp mobility] may have allowed past and present hunter-gatherers to maintain cumulative cultural adaptation despite low population density, a feature that may have been critical in facilitating the global expansion of Homo sapiens . (
  • Background: Advanced cognitive abilities are widely thought to underpin cultural traditions and cumulative cultural change. (
  • In contrast, we find cumulative cultural change is supported by observational learning, but not local or stimulus enhancement, which supports the idea that advanced cognitive abilities are important for generating this cultural phenomenon in the context of skill learning. (
  • Conclusions: Our results help to explain the observation that animal cultures are widespread, but cumulative cultural change might be rare. (
  • This implies that at some point during the evolution of the human species a type of social learning leading to cumulative cultural evolution was evolutionarily advantageous. (
  • We develop a cultural evolutionary theory of the origins of prosocial religions and apply it to resolve two puzzles in human psychology and cultural history: (1) the rise of large-scale cooperation among strangers and, simultaneously, (2) the spread of prosocial religions in the last 10-12 millennia. (
  • According to their synthesis, the process of cultural group selection driven by group competition has recruited our proclivity to adopt and spread religious beliefs and engage in religious practices to increase within group solidarity, harmony and cooperation. (
  • They argue that the effects of cultural forces are far greater than genetic predisposition or geographic proximity in promoting cooperation with nonkin. (
  • Bowles, S. & Gintis, H. The evolution of strong reciprocity: cooperation in heterogeneous populations. (
  • This is in contrast to the shift away from analysis to interpretation and description in much of cultural anthropology across the same time period, with the ultimate secession of much of the field from "science. (
  • This course will take a look at our four major subfields - archaeology, linguistic anthropology, physical anthropology, and cultural anthropology - and include discussions on our "youngest" subfield, applied anthropology. (
  • Introduction to Cultural Anthropology" will explain the concept of culture-as a set of meanings, values, and practices-and put it into useful perspective. (
  • Other anthropologists, such as Peter Vayda and Roy Rappaport, have gone on to build or respond to work done by White and Steward, such as developing theories of cultural ecology and ecological anthropology. (
  • Integrating Evolution and Development: From Theory to Practice (pp. 227-323). (
  • The evolution of secularization: cultural transmission, religion and fertility-theory, simulations and evidence ," Journal of Population Economics , Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 26(3), pages 1129-1174, July. (
  • The Evolution of Secularization: Cultural Transmission, Religion and Fertility Theory, Simulations and Evidence ," Working Papers 2010-10, Bar-Ilan University, Department of Economics. (
  • The Evolution of Secularization: Cultural Transmission, Religion and Fertility Theory, Simulations and Evidence ," IZA Discussion Papers 4980, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA). (
  • Overall, I suggest the usefulness of a "long view" to our contemporary digital environment, contextualized in cognitive science and cultural evolution theory, and I discuss how this perspective could help us to understand what is genuinely new and what is not. (
  • The multidisciplinary Theory in Cultural Evolution Lab (TICE Lab) brings together a unique group of mathematicians, physicists, theoretical biologists, and statisticians contributing to a general theory of cultural evolution. (
  • Thus, we aim to place the study of cultural evolution on a firm theoretical footing, and provide a bridge between that theory and the cultural data collected by anthropologists and archaeologists. (
  • Discussion of everything related to the Theory of Evolution. (
  • Whether one believes in the theory of dynamic biological change and evolution or a more static creationist model of biology, one cannot deny we are biological beings with certain characteristics that largely distinguish us from other animals. (
  • The combination of cultural and technological change along with the Rubber Band Theory helps explain the overall flow of history. (
  • This novel pattern of results suggests that (i) a theory of the cultural evolution of human communication systems must integrate selectionist models and (ii) human communication systems are functionally adaptive complex systems. (
  • I think it's fair to say this issue has been widely discussed - with some folks promoting "viruses of the mind" and "cultural virus theory" for example, and other folk criticizing them. (
  • Unfortunately, certain kinds of cultural evolutionary theory (mainly unilineal) have also been used in the past to justify forms of Scientific racism , including policies of Colonialism , Slavery , and Eugenics . (
  • According to cultural evolutionary theory in the tradition of Boyd and Richerson, cultural evolution is driven by individuals' learning biases, natural selection, and random forces. (
  • Evolution , theory in biology postulating that the various types of plants, animals, and other living things on Earth have their origin in other preexisting types and that the distinguishable differences are due to modifications in successive generations. (
  • The theory of evolution is one of the fundamental keystones of modern biological theory. (
  • Genetics , a science born in the 20th century, reveals in detail how natural selection works and led to the development of the modern theory of evolution. (
  • centre of the theory of evolution as proposed by Charles Darwin and Alfred Russell Wallace were the concepts of variation and natural selection. (
  • I have simply assigned an existing theoretical entity to a role in a different theory, that of cultural evolution. (
  • This is a "hot" topic in modern cultural evolutionary theory so I do not want to go in depth here (let me just say at least that I think it is interesting to study also the differences between the two evolutionary processes). (
  • I'll discuss collaborations at the London School of Economics that are attempting to build that better model by integrating cultural evolutionary theory into economics. (35.161.114)
  • In this brand new LSE Philosophy Video, Professor J. McKenzie Alexander discusses game theory, evolutionary game theory and the evolution of morality. (
  • To find out more about his views on evolutionary game theory and morality see his book The Structural Evolution of Morality . (
  • This hypothesis termed the Neutral Theory of Evolution, at first questioned, has allowed significant advances in our understanding in the impacts of selection, genetic variance, and analysis of species history. (
  • It provides the needed background in cultural material and theory, while also fulfilling many general education requirements. (
  • Multilineal evolution is a 20th-century social theory about the evolution of societies and cultures. (
  • This theory has replaced the older 19th century set of theories of unilineal evolution, where evolutionists were deeply interested in making generalizations. (
  • The multilineal evolutionary theory views the process of cultural development as an adaption to nature's resources through technological breakthroughs, as well as coping with outside cultural influence. (
  • While each anthropologist's theory regarding multilineal evolution has varied slightly, most agreed that no specific evolutionary changes are experienced by all cultures universally, but that all human societies do generally evolve or progress. (
  • By the late 1950s, students of Steward such as Eric Wolf and Sidney Mintz turned away from cultural ecology to Marxism, World Systems Theory, Dependency theory and Marvin Harris's cultural materialism. (
  • This talk was the first event presented by The Association for Cultural Evolution at the Institute for the Study of Consciousness. (
  • Boyd R, Richerson PJ (2005) The Origin and Evolution of Cultures. (
  • This results in Integral philosophy's tendency to uncritically rank the developmental attainment of various cultures and societies while remaining largely silent on matters of social and cultural justice for indigenous populations. (
  • It demonstrates how identifying cultures as shared resources is useful in eliciting the main factors and social dilemmas affecting the production and evolution of cultural expression. (
  • By mid-twentieth century, anthropologists started to criticize the generalization of culture and the hypothetical stages of cultural evolution, and instead, started a new trend of viewing all cultures as unique according to time and place. (
  • There are still others who continue to reject the entirety of the evolutionary thinking and look instead at historical contingencies, contacts with other cultures, and the operation of cultural symbol systems. (
  • We hope you will join us in Jena, Germany at the inaugural meeting of the Cultural Evolution Society in September 2017. (
  • This synthesis is grounded in the idea that although religious beliefs and practices originally arose as nonadaptive by-products of innate cognitive functions, particular cultural variants were then selected for their prosocial effects in a long-term, cultural evolutionary process. (
  • Learning biases lead people to preferentially acquire cultural variants with certain contents or in certain contexts. (
  • Maturing chimpanzees and orang-utans would not have acquired these cultural variants, which are complex learned skills, on their own, if it were not for social learning [ 15 - 18 ]. (
  • Understanding social learning is a system of pattern replication, and understanding that there are different rates of survival for different socially learned cultural variants, this sets up, by definition, an evolutionary structure: cultural evolution. (
  • Social transmission is the inheritance mechanism in the case of culture and culture evolves through a process of descent with modification, affected by forces such as natural selection operating on its bearers and by a variety of other forces that have no analogue in genetic evolution. (
  • Their experimental design, however, emphasizes the role of selection at the expense of other fundamental features of human cultural evolution that need to be taken into account to study the evolution of real musical culture. (
  • Theoretical and empirical results show that individuals actively transform and recombine information according to psychological biases and that these biases drive the evolution of culture ( 2 ), both in humans and nonhuman animals ( 3 ). (
  • both factors need to be taken into account when trying to understand the evolution of real music, real language, and, more broadly, real culture ( 5 ). (
  • Reproducing Entrenchments to Scaffold Culture: The Central Role of Development in Cultural Evolution. (
  • Biology makes culture possible and culture influences the direction of evolution. (
  • Redefining Translation and Interpretation in Cultural Evolution is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly research on culture-oriented translation and interpretation studies in the contemporary globalized society. (
  • After serving during the war in China, he began a lifelong integration of cultural patterns and psychology, ranging from classical antiquity to Asian culture. (
  • I have regarded for quite some time that ever since culture expanded with the aid of language, or rather the development of language along with its structural physical changes to the brain, there has been little biological evolution in the homo genus. (
  • There are a few assumptions in the idea that 1) there has been little biological development since the development of language/culture and 2) Cultural re/production replaced biological evolution. (
  • There is a lot of literature out there now that takes apart the biology/culture distinction -- and I think any discussion of evolution has to question this. (
  • I would argue that in order to discuss evolution it is necessary to question the categories we consider basic, which themselves are rooted in a certain history, culture, and language. (
  • The Cultural Evolution Society supports evolutionary approaches to culture in humans and other animals. (
  • You can read a description here in which Director Russell Gray and Olivier Morin of the Department of Liguistic and Cultural Evolution discuss the significance of this event for the study of human language and culture. (
  • Australia, home of the Australian Aborigines , is often treated as a single culture area despite its considerable cultural and geographic diversity . (
  • Europe: culture areas Map showing the distribution of various culture areas, each inhabited by groups exhibiting linguistic and other cultural similarity, in Europe. (
  • Aleem, Hadiyah Saeed and Jannat Asif Submitted To: Ms. Amna Waheeda Major: Media Studies Course Title: Media culture and society Semester: 3rd Final Project Report Topic: Cultural Globalization Cultural Globalization: Cultural globalization refers to the process of international integration resulting from the interchange of ideas and other cultural aspects. (
  • Boyd, R. & Richerson, P. J. Why culture is common but cultural evolution is rare. (
  • Then and finally- came cultural insights and so-called cultural brand strategy in the US market with some early guerrilla marketing tactics and risk-takers like Crispin Porter or W&K which brought "Culture" out of the strategic planning closet, albeit what amounts to a teenage boy version of it. (
  • Role of psychological bias in evolution depends on the kind of culture. (
  • This hypothesis builds on a long tradition suggesting that social learning, and thus culture, may affect evolution (e.g. [ 13 ]), and can also be linked to Reader & Laland's [ 14 ] hypothesis that general behavioural flexibility, which includes social learning, may have favoured the evolution of intelligence. (
  • The volume demonstrates how a thick understanding of change in culture emerges from multiple disciplinary vantage points, each of which is required to understand cultural evolution in all its complexity. (
  • In recent decades, the concept of the meme, posited as a basic unit of culture analogous to the gene, has been central to debates about cultural transformation. (
  • By focusing on the full range of evolutionary processes across distinct contexts, from rice farming to scientific reasoning, this volume demonstrates how a thick understanding of change in culture emerges from multiple disciplinary vantage points, each of which is required to understand cultural evolution in all its complexity. (
  • Any adequate account of the transmission, elaboration, and evolution of culture must, this volume argues, recognize the central roles that cognitive and social development play in cultural change and the complex interplay of technological, organizational, and institutional structures needed to enable and coordinate these processes. (
  • One of the theory's central claims is that culture evolves partly through a Darwinian selection process, which dual inheritance theorists often describe by analogy to genetic evolution. (
  • These conditions provided the context for new theories such as cultural relativism and multilinear evolution, which criticizes the generalization of culture and hypothetical stages of evolution. (
  • Anthropologists Marshall Sahlins and Elman Service wrote a book, Evolution and Culture, in which they attempted to synthesize White's and Steward's approaches. (
  • Evolution and Human Behavior 28: 151-158. (
  • Evolution and Human Behavior 27: 169-184. (
  • To illustrate these processes, we will present a model that depicts how the biased transmission of cultural contents via social learning processes within the firm influence employees’ behavior and the performance of the firm. (
  • A meme propagates itself as a unit of cultural evolution and diffusion - analogous in many ways to the behavior of the gene (the unit of genetic information). (
  • i can mail it to you, no charge hehehe) The base idea is that human behavior, even though pre-determined like the the behavior of complex systems, cannot be predicted due to the amount of variables that have to be taken into account in its construction, whether these be biological, cultural or environmental variables! (
  • Furthermore, there is a great deal of nonhuman animal behavior that suggests that various types of communication -- linguistic or pre-linguistic and otherwise -- and empathic relationships (and is emotion cultural or biological? (
  • One can see cultural evolution as how people adapt their behavior to the environment. (
  • Evolution and Human Behavior. (
  • Many forms of cultural and social behavior, including music and art, follow these same selective paths. (
  • Therefore, with Fiona Jordan , we are organising a meeting at EHBEA 2014 (the European Human Behavior and Evolution Association Conference, which will be held in Bristol from 6 to 9 April, and which is with no doubts a cultural evolution-friendly conference) to discuss about this project, and possibly to start to do something concrete in this direction. (
  • Using the concept of memes as cultural transmitters and replicators, this article explores the origins of a talent meme and the subsequent evolution of talent management (TM). (
  • Genes are the carriers of biological information, while memes transmit cultural information. (
  • Memes survive, reproduce, and evolve in accordance with principles that share similarities with those of biological evolution. (
  • Dawkins proposed that memes are cultural equivalents of genes-self-replicating units of cultural transmission. (
  • The question of the cultural phenotype] is as difficult, obscure, and contentious as the nature of memes. (
  • Whatever political goals it is used to promote, the idea of cultural evolution is not much more than a misleading metaphor….Memes are just a pseudo-scientific way of talking about ideas, not actually existing physical entities. (
  • Boyd, R. & Richerson, P. J. The evolution of reciprocity in sizable groups. (
  • It seems that Gray did not, in the four years between the two essays, find time to learn more about cultural evolution, such as by reading the paper Matt Ridley linked in his reply to Gray's review, Five misunderstandings about cultural evolution by Henrich, Boyd, and Richerson. (
  • Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15: 27-32. (
  • Trends in Ecology and Evolution 11: 453-457. (
  • It explores human ecology in the broad sense, combining not just cultural and social variability, but also physiological adaptations in past and present-day hunter-gatherers and great apes. (
  • An overview of the evolution of life as a major characteristic of Earth's history is given in community ecology: Evolution of the biosphere . (
  • Currently we are 23 researchers working on a broad range of topics including natural history, urban ecology, bird nest evolution, bird egg color, bird hyoid (tongue bone) evolution, African ethnobotany, social learning, public understanding of evolution, and cultural evolution in bird song and human music. (
  • Each will be working on either the Bronx River Urban Ecology Project or the House Finch Cultural Evolution Project. (
  • Bobby continued under his NSF postdoctoral grant, and conducted a field research expedition to Awash National Park in Ethiopia, where he surveyed the weaverbirds and studied their nest ecology and evolution. (
  • Read the stories behind the papers in Nature Ecology & Evolution and other journals on the Nature Research Ecology & Evolution Community. (
  • Julian Steward thus linked multilinear evolution with the idea of cultural ecology. (
  • However, our sudden access to the storable, portable, and concentrated energy of fossil fuels, starting roughly in the 19th century, sped up cultural evolution to the point where disruptive cultural innovations began to be separated by mere decades, sometimes just years. (
  • The 19th-century English naturalist Charles Darwin argued that organisms come about by evolution, and he provided a scientific explanation , essentially correct but incomplete, of how evolution occurs and why it is that organisms have features-such as wings, eyes, and kidneys-clearly structured to serve specific functions. (
  • Darwin and other 19th-century biologists found compelling evidence for biological evolution in the comparative study of living organisms, in their geographic distribution, and in the fossil remains of extinct organisms. (
  • Today most anthropologists continue to reject 19th century notions of progress and the three original assumptions of unilineal evolution. (
  • However, calls for cultural change often stop short of proposing the precise mechanisms through which such change may occur precisely because the relevant mechanisms of behavioral and cultural change are not known. (
  • Recently, sustainability scientists have been explicit about the need to incorporate mechanisms of cultural change in their research (Beddoe et al. (
  • Human communication systems evolve culturally, but the evolutionary mechanisms that drive this evolution are not well understood. (
  • In the present study we test the predictions of these models in the context of skill learning, in a model with stochastic demographics, variable group sizes, and evolved parameter values, exploring the cultural ramifications of three different social learning mechanisms. (
  • We lay out three potential explanations for bloodletting's cultural success: that it was efficient, that it was defended by prestigious sources-in particular ancient physicians-, and that cognitive mechanisms made it a particularly attractive practice. (
  • In this sense, it is the cultural equivalent of biological evolution , though the causal mechanisms can be different. (
  • This short introduction will pull together a few themes and compelling stories from this large field and present some of its concepts, mechanisms, and evidence-hopefully enough to increase the reader's suspicion of the claim that cultural evolution is a "myth. (
  • The cultural intelligence hypothesis can also account for the unusual cognitive abilities of humans, as well as our unique mechanisms of skill transfer. (
  • This research article collection will showcase cutting-edge research into cultural evolution, bringing together contributions that reflect the interdisciplinary scope of this rapidly growing field, as well as the diversity of topics and approaches within it. (
  • 2. Sperber D, Hirschfeld LA (2004) The cognitive foundations of cultural stability and diversity. (
  • We focus on the value of coupled empirical and formal methodologies, and on the futility of mysterianism , the declining view that the nature, origins and evolution of language cannot be addressed empirically. (
  • Here, we argue that anti-empiricist views on language have detrimental effects on understanding its origins and evolution. (
  • Our June issue features bird flocks, the evolution of vertebrae, phenological mismatches, tyrannosaurid origins, Bolivian environmental policy and much more. (
  • This research has been implemented in fluid construction grammar (FCG), a formalism for construction grammars that has been specially designed for the origins and evolution of language. (
  • Bridging the gap between the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities, archaeologists integrate many types of evidence in order to shed light on the origins of our species, Homo sapiens sapiens and development through time of so many different cultural manifestations. (
  • These results show that frequent, nonrandom transformative processes, resulting from psychological biases, are crucial in models of cultural evolution, requiring a difference in emphasis from models inspired by biology, such as genetic algorithms. (
  • Here we use two large datasets containing lyrics from n = 4913 and n = 159,015 pop songs respectively and spanning 1965-2015, to test whether cultural transmission biases derived from the cultural evolution literature can explain this trend towards emotional negativity. (
  • The first topic concerns how cultural transmission biases, that is, simple heuristics such as "copy prestigious individuals" or "copy the majority," operate in the novel context of digital media. (
  • Cultural anthropologists and sociologists assume that human beings have natural social tendencies and naturally form shifting groups. (
  • Cultural evolution also refers to different theories that describe and explain such changes - theories have been both promoted and criticized by anthropologists . (
  • Today anthropologists distinguish between "unilinear cultural evolution" (or " social evolutionism ") and "multilinear cultural evolution. (
  • Others proposed more sophisticated schemes, but the majority of anthropologists today are united in their rejection of such 'stadial' theories of social evolution (and rightly so). (
  • Cultural evolution had previously been treated much like biological evolution, but many anthropologists were quick to dismiss this comparison. (
  • My basic reason was to preserve the analogy between the cultural evolutionary process and biological. (
  • However, DIT also recognizes that genetic evolution has endowed the human species with a parallel evolutionary process of cultural evolution. (
  • 1 ) opens up a wide range of possible developments that invites further studies on the relative strength of transformative processes and Darwinian selection and on their role in shaping cultural evolution. (
  • We work on the premise that a mechanistic understanding of the processes underlying cultural change can help us to explain something about the human species beyond what can be gleaned from genetic or even cultural data alone. (
  • By focusing on applications of cultural evolution, we view this special issue as a starting point for determining how we can harness processes of cultural change (Wilson et al. (
  • Several processes appear to retard rates of cultural evolution below the maxima we observe in the most favorable cases. (
  • The researchers hypothesized that specific psychological processes - such as our preference for things that seem familiar - might explain large-scale cultural trends. (
  • Social learning processes give rise to cultural evolution. (
  • Some months ago I wrote a post mentioning the difficulties that, at times, people working in the interdisciplinary field of "cultural evolution" may face in order to find an appropriate scientific journal to submit their research. (
  • Beyond the Meme assembles interdisciplinary perspectives on cultural evolution, providing a nuanced understanding of it as a process in which dynamic structures interact on different scales of size and time. (
  • Steward wrote that unlike biological evolution, in cultural evolution it is assumed that cultural patterns in different parts of the world are genetically unrelated, and yet they were said in unilinear evolution to pass through parallel sequences. (
  • Evolution has found many ways of preventing power from overrunning environmental limits, and human societies have evolved ways of reining in bullies and limiting extreme economic and social inequality. (
  • There are three types of evolution that have driven the development of human societies. (
  • Certain forms of expression are adopted by different societies based on their mythologies and cultural values. (
  • While earlier authors such as Montaigne discussed how societies change through time, it was truly the Scottish Enlightenment which proved key in the development of cultural evolution. (
  • As the readers of this blog know, one of the central directions in my research has been understanding the evolution of large-scale, complex societies. (
  • Dual inheritance theorists hypothesize that the demographic transition may be a result of a prestige bias, where individuals that forgo reproduction to gain more influence in industrial societies are more likely to be chosen as cultural models. (
  • Sahlins and Service argue that societies develop through a process of specialized adaptions to their habitat and neighbouring societies, and that variations in environments and historical contacts are what leads to cultural diversification. (
  • Many different kinds of research - neuroscience, perception, and cross cultural evidence - show that Darwin's conceptualization of emotions as separate discrete entities has proven to be very useful. (
  • We are an outward-facing Centre , welcoming new members from a wide range of disciplines who's research may intersect with the field of cultural evolution, so don't hesitate to get in touch if you're interested to find out more and enjoy cross-disciplinary conversation. (
  • The Cultural Evolution Lab also constitutes a centre of expertise on workflow and data quality issues for humanities and social science projects. (
  • It sums up pretty well part of the research I was carrying with the Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution in Stockholm. (
  • Campbell DT (1975) On the conflicts between biological and social evolution and between psychology and moral tradition. (
  • McElreath R, Boyd R (2007) Mathematical Models of Social Evolution. (
  • The French sociologist Gabriel Tarde wrote in 1888: "We may call it social evolution when an invention quietly spreads through imitation. (
  • Emerging theories of social evolution allowed Europeans to organize their new knowledge in a way that reflected and justified their increasing political and economic domination of others: colonized people were less-evolved, colonizing people were more evolved. (
  • Emerging theories of social evolution reflected a belief that the changes in Europe wrought by the Industrial Revolution and capitalism were improvements. (
  • Social evolution is just a modern myth. (
  • Bad ideas like racism seem to hang around forever, while the silly idea of social evolution has shown an awesome power to mutate and survive. (
  • The idea of social evolution is rubbish of this kind, a virulent meme that continues to reproduce and spread despite having been refuted time and time again. (
  • The Philosophy of Social Evolution Part 5: Cultural inclusive fitness? (
  • Just as biological evolution is characterised by changing frequencies of genes in populations through time so cultural evolution refers to the changing distributions of cultural attributes in populations. (
  • Beginning in the 1960s, a related scientific discipline , molecular biology , enormously advanced knowledge of biological evolution and made it possible to investigate detailed problems that had seemed completely out of reach only a short time previously-for example, how similar the gene s of humans and chimpanzees might be (they differ in about 1-2 percent of the units that make up the genes). (
  • None of that baggage is compatible with my sense of how the cultural analogue to genes function, and much of it is harmful nonsense. (
  • A story online from Wired magazine, "Getting Evolution Up to Speed," by Annalee Newitz talks about these notions, especially a study that demonstrates that two key genes connected to brain size are currently under rapid selection in populations throughout the globe. (
  • Genes affect cultural evolution via psychological predispositions on cultural learning. (
  • My PhD student, Ryutaro Uchiyama presented some new analyses on the Cultural Brain Hypothesis in a parallel session. (35.161.114)
  • He cautioned that this is just a hypothesis, but "recent cultural evolution and biological evolution may be linked. (
  • These findings shaped the cultural intelligence hypothesis, which complements the traditional benefit hypotheses for the evolution of intelligence by specifying the conditions in which these benefits can be reaped. (
  • The hypothesis also predicts that more heavily cultural species should be more intelligent. (
  • The 'Vygotskian intelligence hypothesis' [ 3 ] considers cultural effects on cognitive development, and assumes them to be unique to humans [ 4 , 5 ]. (
  • Here we examine both the developmental and evolutionary aspects of the cultural intelligence hypothesis. (
  • The study of cultural evolution involves characterising those forces and modelling their consequences. (
  • In the next section I will provide a brief and general introduction to the field of cultural evolution, focusing on the aspects I consider more relevant for the study of contemporary digital media. (
  • Finally, this study suggests integrating Bayesian statistics in the social sciences in general and for the study of cultural evolution and architectural transformation in particular. (
  • For a more complete treatment of a discipline that has proved essential to the study of evolution, see the articles genetics, human and heredity . (
  • We identify key areas in which the evolution of language as a discipline has flourished historically, and suggest ways in which these advances can be integrated into the study of the evolution of music. (
  • Cultural evolution represents an entire field of study. (
  • It has the potential, like biological evolution, to be a mechanism underlying and connecting many fields of study. (
  • We study everything that has to do with human beings from a cultural perspective. (
  • We are always keen to hear from potential Ph.D. students or post-doctoral researchers with interest or experience in theoretical cultural evolution, especially from mathematical or quantitative backgrounds. (
  • We have embraced the challenge of bringing members of these fields together under a shared interest in cultural evolution, based in rigorous science with strong theoretical foundations. (
  • Evolution in Changing Environments: Some Theoretical Explorations. (
  • While the pace of cultural evolution was much faster than that of biological evolution, major cultural innovations like the domestication of plants and animals, the creation of the first states, and the emergence of the earliest empires were still spaced thousands of years apart. (
  • Cultural emergence of recursive phrase structure. (
  • 2020. Rapid evolution by sexual selection in an invasive mammal. (
  • Cultural Evolution is one of the most recent and interesting approaches to the crucial task of understanding how society works. (
  • These related studies reveal how cultural evolution may offer new approaches to age old problems, but also how the economic toolkit may be deployed to understand culturally evolved beliefs and behaviors. (35.161.114)
  • Even though American corporations have been the engine of globalism that has necessitated more "cultural" approaches to global mega-branding in order to contextualise American multinational brands in new regions, numbers-first thinking and geographic isolation made most American clients slow to comprehend the power and importance of cultural literacy for brands. (
  • Using a myriad of approaches, scientists are now exploring every aspect of this evolution. (
  • Theories of cultural evolution have been used to explain or justify a variety of social movements and political ideologies as diverse as Marxism , Gaians , Ecoregional Democracy and new tribalists . (
  • INNOVATIONIST Trademark of The Institute for Cultural Evolution. (
  • Or, contact the owner The Institute for Cultural Evolution of the INNOVATIONIST trademark by filing a request to communicate with the Legal Correspondent for licensing, use, and/or questions related to the INNOVATIONIST trademark. (
  • 2010 ) on cultural evolution with social-ecological systems research (Anderies et al. (
  • Assuming that changes during reproduction are few and undirected offers a much better approximation in genetics than in the cultural domain. (
  • Since then evolutionary biology and historical linguistics have used trees to conceptualise evolution. (
  • An evolutionary continuum which can be traced from at least as far back as the formation of the chemical elements in stars and supernovae, right through such phases as the evolution of minerals, biology and the evolution of technology that has occurred over the last 2.5 million years within the collective imagination of our species. (
  • Mason was interviewed for a New York Times article on bird song cultural evolution that has recently come out in Current Biology . (
  • Rules" of genetic transmission tend to not be under genetic control, and models of cultural evolution inspired by evolutionary biology tend to consider the rules of cultural transmission (for example the propensity to learn from others) in the same way not under "cultural control" (they are usually considered under genetic control). (
  • 1 ) essentially implemented a search algorithm to find pleasing tunes, albeit one with key similarities to biological evolution. (
  • Genetic evolution tends to create smoothly integrated organisms, and cultural evolution tends to create smoothly integrated groups of organisms. (
  • Because genetic evolution is relatively well understood, most of DIT examines cultural evolution and the interactions between cultural evolution and genetic evolution. (
  • is to break new ground in cultural evolutionary studies by combining up-to-date cultural evolutionary theorizing with detailed textual and cultural analyses of key topics, in order to analyze the possible selective advantage of early Christian groups and texts in their Jewish and Greco-Roman cultural context. (
  • How the realities of this environment intersected with what we would now call at best cultural insensitivity (or at worst, racism) is unclear, but it's an important context to keep in mind when looking back at this time in history. (
  • Gerard RW, Kluckhohn C, Rapoport A (1956) Biological and cultural evolution: Some analogies and explorations. (
  • Several biological and cultural factors may moderate the direct effect that signaling value has on a sport's viability or popularity. (
  • Biological, cultural and technological evolution? (
  • Would someone be able to explain to me the interrelationships between biological, cultural and technological evolution? (
  • Technological evolution enables people to adapt or change their environment to meet their needs. (
  • Cultural evolution is cultural change viewed from an evolutionary perspective. (
  • The multiple disciplines that comprise the social sciences and humanities have different and, often competing, theories of cultural change that operate at multiple levels of human organization. (
  • 2007 ). However, cultural change may be important for driving the proliferation of sustainable practices. (
  • Cultural evolution describes how socially learned ideas, rules, and skills are transmitted and change over time, giving rise to diverse forms of social organization, belief systems, languages, technologies and artistic traditions. (
  • These problems range from testing population dispersal hypotheses, to investigating the shape of cultural evolution, to inferring the rates at which languages change. (
  • This is because people through most of history have barely survived with little or no surplus, giving them little or no margin for error if the new change does not work, and making them reluctant to change cultural norms very rapidly. (
  • Therefore, it tends to happen at a much faster rate than cultural change. (
  • Each participant described experiencing: a life change through a major event or crisis, an increase in cultural consciousness, an increase in spiritual evolution, and a stronger sense of purpose in life due to their community college learning. (
  • Here, neither the cubes nor the children are doing much change or evolution. (
  • Cultural evolution is the structural change of a society and its values over time. (
  • It is increasingly recognised that cultural evolution can influence gene distributions in populations, as in the well-known case of the selective effect of dairying on the incidence of adult lactose tolerance. (
  • I've been using "meme" as the cultural analog for the biological "gene", which is more or less the use that Dawkins had in mind when he coined the term. (
  • The cultural analog to the gene coordinates the minds of people during interaction, whether face-to-face or through various media. (
  • Planet Lactose: The Lactase Gene: A Precursor to Cultural Evolution? (
  • Blackmore (1999) argues against using the gene/phene split in cultural evolution. (