Therapeutic Irrigation: The washing of a body cavity or surface by flowing water or solution for therapy or diagnosis.Agricultural Irrigation: The routing of water to open or closed areas where it is used for agricultural purposes.Root Canal Irrigants: Chemicals used mainly to disinfect root canals after pulpectomy and before obturation. The major ones are camphorated monochlorophenol, EDTA, formocresol, hydrogen peroxide, metacresylacetate, and sodium hypochlorite. Root canal irrigants include also rinsing solutions of distilled water, sodium chloride, etc.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Sodium Hypochlorite: It is used as an oxidizing and bleaching agent and as a disinfectant. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Root Canal Preparation: Preparatory activities in ROOT CANAL THERAPY by partial or complete extirpation of diseased pulp, cleaning and sterilization of the empty canal, enlarging and shaping the canal to receive the sealing material. The cavity may be prepared by mechanical, sonic, chemical, or other means. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p1700)Dental Pulp Cavity: The space in a tooth bounded by the dentin and containing the dental pulp. The portion of the cavity within the crown of the tooth is the pulp chamber; the portion within the root is the pulp canal or root canal.Debridement: The removal of foreign material and devitalized or contaminated tissue from or adjacent to a traumatic or infected lesion until surrounding healthy tissue is exposed. (Dorland, 27th ed)Smear Layer: Adherent debris produced when cutting the enamel or dentin in cavity preparation. It is about 1 micron thick and its composition reflects the underlying dentin, although different quantities and qualities of smear layer can be produced by the various instrumentation techniques. Its function is presumed to be protective, as it lowers dentin permeability. However, it masks the underlying dentin and interferes with attempts to bond dental material to the dentin.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Noxythiolin: Local antibacterial that probably acts by releasing formaldehyde in aqueous solutions. It is used for THERAPEUTIC IRRIGATION of infected body cavities - bladder, peritoneum, etc. and as a spray for burns.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Molluscacides: Agents destructive to snails and other mollusks.Povidone-Iodine: An iodinated polyvinyl polymer used as topical antiseptic in surgery and for skin and mucous membrane infections, also as aerosol. The iodine may be radiolabeled for research purposes.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Root Canal Therapy: A treatment modality in endodontics concerned with the therapy of diseases of the dental pulp. For preparatory procedures, ROOT CANAL PREPARATION is available.Colostomy: The surgical construction of an opening between the colon and the surface of the body.Caloric Tests: Elicitation of a rotatory nystagmus by stimulating the semicircular canals with water or air which is above or below body temperature. In warm caloric stimulation a rotatory nystagmus is developed toward the side of the stimulated ear; in cold, away from the stimulated side. Absence of nystagmus indicates the labyrinth is not functioning.Cerumen: The yellow or brown waxy secretions produced by vestigial apocrine sweat glands in the external ear canal.Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Chlorhexidine: A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.Lacrimal Duct Obstruction: Interference with the secretion of tears by the lacrimal glands. Obstruction of the LACRIMAL SAC or NASOLACRIMAL DUCT causing acute or chronic inflammation of the lacrimal sac (DACRYOCYSTITIS). It is caused also in infants by failure of the nasolacrimal duct to open into the inferior meatus and occurs about the third week of life. In adults occlusion may occur spontaneously or after injury or nasal disease. (Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p250)Magnets: Objects that produce a magnetic field.Vacuum: A space in which the pressure is far below atmospheric pressure so that the remaining gases do not affect processes being carried on in the space.Wound Infection: Invasion of the site of trauma by pathogenic microorganisms.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Dental High-Speed Equipment: Tools used in dentistry that operate at high rotation speeds.Microsurgery: The performance of surgical procedures with the aid of a microscope.Cell Wall: The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.Dental High-Speed Technique: Dental methods involving the use of DENTAL HIGH-SPEED EQUIPMENT.Capillary Permeability: The property of blood capillary ENDOTHELIUM that allows for the selective exchange of substances between the blood and surrounding tissues and through membranous barriers such as the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER; BLOOD-AQUEOUS BARRIER; BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER; BLOOD-NERVE BARRIER; BLOOD-RETINAL BARRIER; and BLOOD-TESTIS BARRIER. Small lipid-soluble molecules such as carbon dioxide and oxygen move freely by diffusion. Water and water-soluble molecules cannot pass through the endothelial walls and are dependent on microscopic pores. These pores show narrow areas (TIGHT JUNCTIONS) which may limit large molecule movement.Illusions: The misinterpretation of a real external, sensory experience.Pneumonia, Aspiration: A type of lung inflammation resulting from the aspiration of food, liquid, or gastric contents into the upper RESPIRATORY TRACT.Respiratory Aspiration: Inhaling liquid or solids, such as stomach contents, into the RESPIRATORY TRACT. When this causes severe lung damage, it is called ASPIRATION PNEUMONIA.Arthroscopes: Endoscopes for visualizing the interior of a joint.Bulinus: A genus of small freshwater snails of the order Pulmonata, found throughout Africa and the Middle East, where it is a vector of SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM.Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery: Surgical procedures performed through a natural opening in the body such as the mouth, nose, urethra, or anus, and along the natural body cavities with which they are continuous.Pest Control: The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous plants, insects, or other animals. This includes control of plants that serve as habitats or food sources for animal pests.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Drug Approval: Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.Drug Repositioning: The deliberate and methodical practice of finding new applications for existing drugs.Lateral Line System: Aquatic vertebrate sensory system in fish and amphibians. It is composed of sense organs (canal organs and pit organs) containing neuromasts (MECHANORECEPTORS) that detect water displacement caused by moving objects.Drug Evaluation, Preclinical: Preclinical testing of drugs in experimental animals or in vitro for their biological and toxic effects and potential clinical applications.Drug Discovery: The process of finding chemicals for potential therapeutic use.Clofazimine: A fat-soluble riminophenazine dye used for the treatment of leprosy. It has been used investigationally in combination with other antimycobacterial drugs to treat Mycobacterium avium infections in AIDS patients. Clofazimine also has a marked anti-inflammatory effect and is given to control the leprosy reaction, erythema nodosum leprosum. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1993, p1619)Clostridium difficile: A common inhabitant of the colon flora in human infants and sometimes in adults. It produces a toxin that causes pseudomembranous enterocolitis (ENTEROCOLITIS, PSEUDOMEMBRANOUS) in patients receiving antibiotic therapy.Enterocolitis, Pseudomembranous: An acute inflammation of the INTESTINAL MUCOSA that is characterized by the presence of pseudomembranes or plaques in the SMALL INTESTINE (pseudomembranous enteritis) and the LARGE INTESTINE (pseudomembranous colitis). It is commonly associated with antibiotic therapy and CLOSTRIDIUM DIFFICILE colonization.Clostridium Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM.Duodenum: The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Vancomycin: Antibacterial obtained from Streptomyces orientalis. It is a glycopeptide related to RISTOCETIN that inhibits bacterial cell wall assembly and is toxic to kidneys and the inner ear.

Responses of sympathetic outflow to skin during caloric stimulation in humans. (1/904)

We previously showed that caloric vestibular stimulation elicits increases in sympathetic outflow to muscle (MSNA) in humans. The present study was conducted to determine the effect of this stimulation on sympathetic outflow to skin (SSNA). The SSNA in the tibial and peroneal nerves and nystagmus was recorded in nine subjects when the external meatus was irrigated with 50 ml of cold (10 degrees C) or warm (44 degrees C) water. During nystagmus, the SSNA in tibial and peroneal nerves decreased to 50 +/- 4% (with baseline value set as 100%) and 61 +/- 4%, respectively. The degree of SSNA suppression in both nerves was proportional to the maximum slow-phase velocity of nystagmus. After nystagmus, the SSNA increased to 166 +/- 7 and 168 +/- 6%, respectively, and the degree of motion sickness symptoms was correlated with this SSNA increase. These results suggest that the SSNA response differs from the MSNA response during caloric vestibular stimulation and that the SSNA response elicited in the initial period of caloric vestibular stimulation is different from that observed during the period of motion sickness symptoms.  (+info)

Effects of joint lavage and steroid injection in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee: results of a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial. (2/904)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of joint lavage and intraarticular steroid injection, alone and in combination, in the treatment of patients with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Ninety-eight patients with painful tibiofemoral OA were enrolled in a prospective, randomized, controlled, 2 x 2 factorial-design trial of 6 months' duration. The 4 treatment groups consisted of 1) intraarticular placebo (1.5 ml of 0.9% normal saline), 2) intraarticular corticosteroids (3.75 mg of cortivazol in 1.5 ml), 3) joint lavage and intraarticular placebo, and 4) joint lavage and intraarticular corticosteroid. Outcome measures evaluated at baseline, week 1, week 4, week 12, and week 24 included severity of pain (100-mm visual analog scale [VAS]), global status (100-mm VAS), and Lequesne's functional index. RESULTS: No interaction between steroid injection and joint lavage was demonstrated. Patients who had undergone joint lavage had significantly improved pain VAS scores at week 24 (P = 0.020). In contrast, corticosteroid injection had no long-term effect (P = 0.313); corticosteroid injection was associated with a decrease in pain only at week 1 (P = 0.003) and week 4 (P = 0.020). After week 4, Lequesne's functional index was not significantly improved regardless of the assigned treatment. CONCLUSION: Compared with placebo, both treatments significantly relieved pain but did not improve functional impairment. The effects of the 2 treatments were additive. Cortivazol provided short-term relief of pain (up to week 4). The effects of joint lavage persisted up to week 24.  (+info)

Lens extraction with ultrasound. Experiments in rabbits. (3/904)

The extraction of the rabbit lens is described using a 25 G irrigating needle and a 22 G aspirating needle; at the latter's bevelled tip lens fragmentation occurs due to the longitudinal ultrasonic vibrations generated there--an 'acoustic horn' causes the tip to vibrate with large amplitudes. The use of small needles allows considerable manoeuvrability in the anterior chamber and usually eliminates the need for corneal suturing. Push-pull coupled syringes equate the volume of irrigation with that of aspiration. This procedure makes possible lens extraction through an aperture in the anterior capsule of the rabbit's lens and a similar machine is being constructed for trial on human cataract.  (+info)

Does vestibular stimulation activate thalamocortical mechanisms that reintegrate impaired cortical regions? (4/904)

Caloric stimulation induced a transient reversal of multimodal hemispatial cognitive deficits in an 81-year-old woman with an acute left cerebral hemisphere stroke. The patient had unawareness of her right hand (asomatognosia), right-sided visual unawareness (hemineglect), aphasia and right-sided weakness (hemiplegia) prior to the stimulation. Transient improvements in impaired sensory, motor, linguistic and cognitive function developed within 30 s following application of the caloric stimulus and onset of horizontal nystagmus. The effect persisted for 3 min and ceased completely after 5 min. While several recent reports have described the capacity of caloric stimulation to transiently improve or reverse a wide range of attentional, cognitive and motor impairments, most examples are in right-hemisphere-damaged patients with long-standing brain injury. Typically, patients have been tested several months or years after the onset of the deficit. A possible mechanism for the temporary reintegration of multiple cognitive functions in this patient is discussed.  (+info)

Transcervical recovery of fetal cells from the lower uterine pole: reliability of recovery and histological/immunocytochemical analysis of recovered cell populations. (5/904)

The aim of this work was to isolate, enumerate and attempt the identification of fetal cells recovered from the lower uterine pole. Immediately before elective termination of pregnancy at 7-17 weeks gestation, samples were recovered by transcervical flushing of the lower uterine pole (n = 108) or transcervical aspiration of mucus from just above the internal os (n = 187), and their contents examined using histological, immunohistochemical and molecular techniques. Syncytiotrophoblasts were identified morphologically in 28 out of 89 (31%) and 50 out of 180 (28%) flushings and aspirates respectively (mean 29%). Immunocytochemistry with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) recognizing trophoblast or epithelial cell antigens on a smaller number of samples (n = 69) identified putative placental cells in 13 out of 19 (68%) and 25 out of 50 (50%) flushings and aspirates respectively (mean 55%). These included groups of distinctive cells with a small, round, hyperchromatic nucleus, strongly reactive with mAbs PLAP, NDOG1 and FT1.41.1. Smaller groups of larger, amorphous cells, usually containing multiple large, pale staining nuclei, reactive with mAb 340 and to a lesser degree with mAb NDOG5 were also observed. Taking cellular morphology and immunophenotype into consideration, the smaller uninucleate cells were likely to be villous mesenchymal cells, while the larger cells were possibly degrading villous syncytiotrophoblast. There was no significant difference in the frequency of fetal cells obtained by the two recovery methods. Squamous or columnar epithelial cells, labelled strongly with antibodies to cytokeratins or human milk fat globule protein, were observed in 97% (29 out of 30) of aspirates. The use of cervagem in a small number of patients prior to termination of pregnancy did not appear to influence the subsequent recovery of placental cells. Y-specific DNA was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in 13 out of 26 (50%) flushings and (99 out of 154) 64% aspirates analysed (mean 62%). In-situ hybridization (ISH) revealed Y-specific targets in 40 out of 69 (60%) of aspirates analysed. A comparison of PCR data obtained from transcervical recovered samples and placental tissues showed a concordance of 80% (76 out of 95), with 10 false positives. Comparing the PCR data from tissues with data derived by ISH from 41 aspirates gave a concordance of 90% with two false positives. Although syncytiotrophoblasts were much more likely to be present in samples containing immunoreactive placental cells, the detection rates of fetal-derived DNA were similar regardless of the morphological and/or immunological presence of placental cells. We conclude that the transcervical recovery of fetal cells, while promising, requires considerable additional effort being expended in further research and development, particular in the sampling procedure.  (+info)

Molecular screening of patients with long standing extensive ulcerative colitis: detection of p53 and Ki-ras mutations by single strand conformation polymorphism analysis and differential hybridisation in colonic lavage fluid. (6/904)

BACKGROUND: In patients with long standing ulcerative colitis at risk of developing malignancy, mutations of the p53 and Ki-ras gene were investigated in lavage solution obtained at surveillance colonoscopy. METHODS: DNA was isolated from 31 consecutive patients with total or subtotal ulcerative colitis and a disease duration of between seven and 26 years. Twenty seven control patients showed no macroscopic or microscopic inflammation on colonoscopy. Exons 5-8 of the p53 gene and exon 1 of the Ki-ras gene were amplified by polymerase chain reaction. Mutations of the p53 gene were detected by single strand conformation polymorphism analysis. Point mutations of the Ki-ras gene were hybridised on dot blots with oligonucleotides marked with digoxigenin. RESULTS: In all cases of ulcerative colitis and in all of the 27 control patients, wild type p53 and wild type Ki-ras could be detected. In four patients with ulcerative colitis, a mutation in exon 5 to 7 of the p53 gene was found, and two patients had a mutation of the Ki-ras gene (Gly to Asp-12, Gly to Val-12). None of these patients had dysplasia in serial biopsy specimens, and all but one had had the disease for more than 10 years. One control patient had a mutation. CONCLUSIONS: Mutations were more frequent in patients with long standing ulcerative colitis (19%) than in control patients (3%, p = 0.07). The technique may be useful for screening for early malignancy in ulcerative colitis.  (+info)

Nonisotopic detection and typing of human papillomavirus DNA in genital samples by the line blot assay. The Canadian Women's HIV study group. (7/904)

The line blot assay, a gene amplification method that combines PCR with nonisotopic detection of amplified DNA, was evaluated for its ability to detect human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA in genital specimens. Processed samples were amplified with biotin-labeled primers for HPV detection (primers MY09, MY11, and HMB01) and for beta-globin detection (primers PC03 and PC04). Amplified DNA products were hybridized by a reverse blot method with oligonucleotide probe mixtures fixed on a strip that allowed the identification of 27 HPV genotypes. The line blot assay was compared to a standard consensus PCR test in which HPV amplicons were detected with radiolabeled probes in a dot blot assay. Two hundred fifty-five cervicovaginal lavage specimens and cervical scrapings were tested in parallel by both PCR tests. The line blot assay consistently detected 25 copies of HPV type 18 per run. The overall positivity for the DNA of HPV types detectable by both methods was 37.7% (96 of 255 samples) by the line blot assay, whereas it was 43. 5% (111 of 255 samples) by the standard consensus PCR assay. The sensitivity and specificity of the line blot assay reached 84.7% (94 of 111 samples) and 98.6% (142 of 144 samples), respectively. The agreement for HPV typing between the two PCR assays reached 83.9% (214 of 255 samples). Of the 37 samples with discrepant results, 33 (89%) were resolved by avoiding coamplification of beta-globin and modifying the amplification parameters. With these modifications, the line blot assay compared favorably to an assay that used radiolabeled probes. Its convenience allows the faster analysis of samples for large-scale epidemiological studies. Also, the increased probe spectrum in this single hybridization assay permits more complete type discrimination.  (+info)

Differential expression of VEGF mRNA splice variants in newborn and adult hyperoxic lung injury. (8/904)

Lung development and repair of hyperoxic injury require closely regulated growth and regeneration of alveolar capillaries. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a mitogen for endothelial cells, is expressed by alveolar epithelial cells. Alternative splicing of VEGF mRNA results in isoforms of varying mitogenicity and solubility. We examined changes in the proportions of the VEGF splice variant mRNAs in rabbit lung development and in control, oxygen-injured, and recovering newborn and adult rabbit lungs. The proportion of the 189-amino acid VEGF mRNA, which codes for an isoform that binds to the extracellular matrix, increased fivefold during development (from 8% of total VEGF message at 22 days gestation to 40% in 10-day newborn lungs; P < 0.001). During neonatal oxygen injury, its expression declined from 38 to 8% of VEGF message (P < 0.002) and returned to the control value in recovery. A similar pattern was observed in adults. VEGF protein in lung lavage fluid increased slightly during hyperoxia, declined to barely detectable levels at the 50% lethal dose time point, and increased 10-fold (newborn) or up to 40-fold (adult) in recovering animals. We conclude that alternative splicing may have important roles in the regulation of VEGF activity in developing and injured lungs.  (+info)

  • Designed and engineered in Switzerland, the SinuPulse Elite nasal irrigation system is just as reliable and accurate as a Swiss watch. (
  • It's the only pulsatile nasal irrigation system designed by experts to deliver both a thorough cleansing pulsating rinse and a micronized pulsating mist spray for doctor recommended rinses, solutions, or simple moisturizing. (
  • Before you reach for expensive over the counter or prescription allergy remedies for hay fever, seasonal allergies or chronic sinusitis, you might want to try an inexpensive alternative treatment that really seems to work not only as a treatment but a remedy as well.We are talking about nasal irrigation, or washing out your nose once or twice daily with a warm salt water brine. (
  • More particularly, the present invention relates to providing fluid irrigation and vacuum drainage of a wound. (
  • Irrigation fluid is introduced between the tubes through an opening in the outer hub. (
  • The outer wall of the inner tube is formed with a flat that extends longitudinally along the tube from the section of the inner tube that is subtended by the opening for the irrigation fluid to the distal end at which the cutting assembly is located. (
  • The flat defines a channel between the tubes through which the irrigation fluid flows from the opening to the cutting assembly. (
  • said inner tube and said outer tube are further formed to define between said tubes at least one channel having a depth greater than the width of the circular gap between said tubes that extends from said member passage opening of said tubular member towards the front portion of said inner tube through which the irrigation fluid flows from said member passage opening. (
  • Fluid delivery and removal from such sites, usually referred to as irrigation and aspiration, using fluid exchange devices that control also need to be considerate of potential volume and/or pressure in the vessel or organ are described together with catheter and lumen configurations to achieve the fluid exchange. (
  • a catheter element comprised of the irrigation or aspiration lumen, wherein the irrigation lumen terminates with at least one irrigation port at a distal end of the catheter element and the aspiration lumen terminates with at least one aspiration lumen such that fluid volume exchange occurs between the at least one irrigation port and the at least one aspiration port. (
  • 8 . The system of claim 1 wherein the fluid exchange apparatus is further comprised of an irrigation chamber having an inflow line in fluid communication with the irrigation reservoir and wherein the outflow line is in fluid communication with the irrigation lumen. (
  • Both vacuum and a pressurized irrigation fluid are continually provided to a trumpet valve for immediate use during surgery. (
  • A pump that provides the pressurized irrigation fluid has a reusable motor, but a disposable. (
  • A control circuit automatically reduces the voltage being supplied to the pump if there had not been a request for irrigation fluid for a first time period. (
  • 2. The irrigation system for use during endoscopic surgery on the patient as recited in claim 1 further including control circuit between said pump and a power source, said control circuit reducing voltage being applied to said pump if demand for said irrigation fluid has not occurred for a first predetermined period of time. (
  • The systems generally comprise a container for holding a therapeutic agent, and a pressure source configured to be placed in selective fluid communication with at least a portion of a reservoir. (
  • The fluid then is at least partially redirected to urge the therapeutic agent in a direction from the second region of the container towards the first region of the container and subsequently towards the target site. (
  • 4. The system of claim 1 further comprising a cap secured to the first region of the container, the cap having an inlet port and an outlet port, wherein the fluid from the pressure source is directed through the inlet port of the cap, and wherein the fluid is redirected within the container to urge the therapeutic agent through the outlet port of the cap. (
  • 5. The system of claim 1 further comprising an outlet tube disposed at least partially within the container, the outlet tube having first and second ends, wherein fluid exiting the second end of the inlet tube urges the therapeutic agent into the second end of the outlet tube and towards the first end of the outlet tube. (
  • 7. The system of claim 1 further comprising a platform positioned within the container, the platform forming a substantially fluid tight seal with an inner surface of the container, wherein the therapeutic agent is retained above the platform. (
  • The great majority of the irrigation fluid, after it has been injected into the wound, splashes back retrograde from the wound, carrying with it the same blood and contaminants it was used to dislodge. (
  • A nasal irrigation diagnostic assembly comprising an irrigation device including a fluid collection portion structured to retain a biological sample, in the. (
  • However, in multiple regression analysis for complications, only age (OR = 1.048), serum sodium (OR = 0.962), and volume of irrigation fluid administered during surgery (OR = 1.001) were independent variables. (
  • Serum sodium at the end of the operation, amount of irrigation fluid, and age were strong independent factors associated with the problem. (
  • The most important factor associated with the development of complications resulting from hypotonic irrigating fluid in endoscopic procedures is the irrigating fluid absorption through the vascular bed opening during surgery, particularly if the irrigation pressure is too high 2 . (
  • FLUID CONTROL Arthro combines the irrigation and suction pump in a single unit. (
  • This irrigation solution contains no bacteriostat, antimicrobial agent or added buffer and is intended only for use as a single-dose, short procedure irrigation, or cell washing fluid. (
  • Saline irrigation is also gaining popularity as an alternative approach to chronic sinusitis symptom relief, and several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have demonstrated both objective and subjective efficacy of this treatment for sinonasal disease. (
  • 0.9% Sodium Chloride Irrigation, USP provides an isotonic saline irrigation identical in composition with 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP (normal saline). (
  • BACKGROUND: Clinical implementation of cholangioscopy for direct visual examination of bile ducts, tissue sampling, and therapeutic maneuvers has been slowed by limitations in available technology. (
  • In some types of endoscopic surgery, such as transurethral prostatectomy or hysteroscopic procedures, continuous irrigation with hypotonic fluids is used to dilate the operating field and allow better visualization of structures addressed while removing debris and blood, which facilitates the surgical intervention. (
  • This irrigation solution exerts a mechanical cleansing action for sterile irrigation of body cavities, tissues or wounds, indwelling urethral catheters and surgical drainage tubes and for washing, rinsing or soaking surgical dressings, instruments and laboratory specimens. (
  • Aseptic technique is essential with the use of sterile solutions for irrigation of body cavities, wounds and urethral catheters or for wetting dressings that come in contact with body tissues or for cell washing techniques. (
  • 5. The irrigation system for use during endoscopic surgery on the patient as recited in claim 4 having a check valve between said trumpet valve and said disposable head of said pump, said check valve preventing backwash from said patient to said disposable head. (
  • The irrigation system is provided in kit form with parts having to be replaced between procedures contained therein. (
  • However, all of these recommendations are based on a small number of unstandardized and heterogeneous RCTs evaluating different types of surgery (abdominal, as well as orthopaedic and neurosurgical procedures) and different types and concentrations of irrigation solutions. (
  • An electrolyte solution should not be used for irrigation during electrosurgical procedures. (
  • In patients with uncomplicated abscesses measuring less than 5 cm in diameter, surgical drainage alone is the primary therapeutic intervention. (
  • 6. Describe the quality use of medicines' issues surrounding these therapeutic agents in the treatment of these conditions and continue to develop clinical skills and communication skills in the therapeutic management of these conditions. (
  • Therapeutic doses of perchlorate used in the 1950s and 1960s to treat hyperthyroidism were much higher than levels that people are exposed to in the environment. (