The properties and relationships and biological processes that characterize the nature and function of the SKIN and its appendages.
Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
Tumors or cancer of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Diseases in any part of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the accessory organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM and DENTITION as a whole or of any of its parts.
Characteristic properties and processes of the NERVOUS SYSTEM as a whole or with reference to the peripheral or the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Physiological processes and properties of the DENTITION.
Physiology of the human and animal body, male or female, in the processes and characteristics of REPRODUCTION and the URINARY TRACT.
Properties, and processes of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM and the NERVOUS SYSTEM or their parts.
Functional processes and properties characteristic of the BLOOD; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and RESPIRATORY SYSTEM.
Nutritional physiology related to EXERCISE or ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE.
Biological actions and events that constitute the functions of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Physiological processes, factors, properties and characteristics pertaining to REPRODUCTION.
The functions and properties of living organisms, including both the physical and chemical factors and processes, supporting life in single- or multi-cell organisms from their origin through the progression of life.
Nutritional physiology of adults aged 65 years of age and older.
An abnormal passage communicating between any components of the digestive system, or between any part of the digestive system and surrounding organ(s).
Properties, functions, and processes of the URINARY TRACT as a whole or of any of its parts.
Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
A histamine H1 antagonist used as the hydrogen fumarate in hay fever, rhinitis, allergic skin conditions, and pruritus. It causes drowsiness.
Processes and properties of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.
Tumors or cancer of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, from the MOUTH to the ANAL CANAL.
Congenital structural abnormalities of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the digestive system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
Biological properties, processes, and activities of VIRUSES.
The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.
A nodular organ in the ABDOMEN that contains a mixture of ENDOCRINE GLANDS and EXOCRINE GLANDS. The small endocrine portion consists of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS secreting a number of hormones into the blood stream. The large exocrine portion (EXOCRINE PANCREAS) is a compound acinar gland that secretes several digestive enzymes into the pancreatic ductal system that empties into the DUODENUM.
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.
Physiological processes and properties of the BLOOD.
Principles applied to the analysis and explanation of psychological or behavioral phenomena.
Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
A vehicle equipped for transporting patients in need of emergency care.
Procedures outlined for the care of casualties and the maintenance of services in disasters.
The field of medicine concerned with physical fitness and the diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained in exercise and sports activities.
Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.
Paramedical personnel trained to provide basic emergency care and life support under the supervision of physicians and/or nurses. These services may be carried out at the site of the emergency, in the ambulance, or in a health care institution.
The branch of medicine concerned with the evaluation and initial treatment of urgent and emergent medical problems, such as those caused by accidents, trauma, sudden illness, poisoning, or disasters. Emergency medical care can be provided at the hospital or at sites outside the medical facility.
High temperature weather exceeding the average and of several weeks duration. Extreme heat is a dangerous situation that can bring on health emergencies in susceptible people.
Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of the planetary sulfur atom of thiosulfate ion to cyanide ion to form thiocyanate ion. EC 2.8.1.1.
A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel. (Webster, 1973)
Transference of an organ between individuals of the same species or between individuals of different species.
The measurement of the amplitude of the components of a complex waveform throughout the frequency range of the waveform. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Selection of a type of occupation or profession.
Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.
Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
The upward or downward mobility in an occupation or the change from one occupation to another.
This loss of blood flow slows the digestive system, and this slowing can be seen on the EGG. However, this response can vary ... All of these examples are part of a larger theory of a brain-gut connection. This theory states that the vagus nerve provides a ... In this study, the presence of bradygastria was able to predict trait and state disgust, which no other physiological measure ... ISBN 978-0-19-514788-9. Mintchev M. Selected Topics on Electrogastrography: Electrical phenomena in the human stomach. Kosenko ...
... portal Biological network Artificial life Biological systems engineering Systems biology Systems ecology Systems theory Systems ... Respiratory system: the organs used for breathing, the pharynx, larynx, bronchi, lungs and diaphragm. Digestive system: ... The notion of physiological division of labor, introduced in the 1820s by the French physiologist Henri Milne-Edwards, allowed ... work incessantly to produce the phenomena that constitute the life of the individual." In more differentiated organisms, the ...
... wanted to see if the nervous system had an impact on the digestive system. They knew that the pancreas was involved in the ... He decided to run an experiment on male roosters to examine this phenomenon. He kept a group of roosters with their testes ... Although known primarily for his work on the Theory of Evolution, Charles Darwin was also keenly interested in plants. Through ... In vertebrates, hormones are responsible for the regulation of many physiological processes and behavioral activities such as ...
The action immune and digestive systems are temporarily reduced. Studies have shown an association between occupational stress ... A number of psychological theories at least partly explain the occurrence of occupational stress. The theories include the ... Physiological reactions to stress can have consequences for health over time. Researchers have been studying how stress affects ... Stereotype threat is a phenomenon that can have effects on everyone, it highly depends on the situation the individual is. Some ...
This research served as a base for broad research on the digestive system. Further work on reflex actions involved involuntary ... Over a 45-year period, under his direction, the Institute became one of the most important centers of physiological research in ... Tolochinov, whose own term for the phenomenon had been "reflex at a distance", communicated the results at the Congress of ... Olson, M. H.; Hergenhahn, B. R. (2009). An Introduction to Theories of Learning (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice ...
This view relates to systems theory and the dynamics of a complex system. The concept of a superorganism raises the question of ... Toby Tyrrell's critique of the Gaia hypothesis argues that Earth's climate system does not resemble an animal's physiological ... as a typical human digestive system contains 1013 to 1014 microorganisms whose collective genome, the microbiome studied by the ... A superorganism can be defined as "a collection of agents which can act in concert to produce phenomena governed by the ...
The theory proposes that there are two vagal systems, one that is shared with reptiles and amphibia and a second, more recent, ... This theory can account for several psychophysiological phenomena and psychosomatic illnesses. However, recent studies indicate ... and digestive tract, liver, immune system regulation as well as control of gastrointestinal sensitivity, motility and ... Standards of measurement, physiological interpretation, and clinical use. Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and ...
The segmented architecture theory predicts that, εx > εf. This phenomenon results in an architectural gear ratio, determined as ... The large intestine is the last part of the digestive system normally found in vertebrate animals. Its function is to absorb ... An organism's preferred temperature is typically the temperature at which the organism's physiological processes can act at ... One of the biggest differences between the digestive systems of sharks and mammals is that sharks have much shorter intestines ...
In the case of the gypsy moth, adults do not possess an active digestive system and cannot feed, but can drink moisture. Mating ... Plant that lives for more than two years r/K selection theory - Ecological theory concerning the selection of life history ... In addition to physiological degradation, pacific salmon become more lethargic as mating goes on, which makes some individuals ... Cole, Lamont C. (June 1954). "The Population Consequences of Life History Phenomena". The Quarterly Review of Biology. 29 (2): ...
Langley is known as one of the fathers of the chemical receptor theory, and as the origin of the concept of "receptive ... He published The Work of the Digestive Glands in 1897, after 12 years of research. His experiments earned him the 1904 Nobel ... This proved that scientists could study nervous system function directly, not just indirectly. This led to a rapid increase in ... He also explained phenomena such as, insomnia, mania, hallucinations, nightmare, dementia, epilepsy, stroke, paralysis, vertigo ...
In the digestive system, the anterior region of the foregut has been modified to form a pharyngeal sucking pump as they need it ... Other theories include the use of landscapes. Lepidoptera may use coastal lines, mountains, and even roads to orient themselves ... This phenomenon is known as aposematism. Some caterpillars, especially members of Papilionidae, contain an osmeterium, a Y- ... as well as in certain specific morphological or physiological traits within a species. Environmental polymorphism, in which ...
In 1835, relatively little was known about digestive processes. William Prout had reported in 1824 that the digestive juices of ... Schwann's theory and observations created a foundation for modern histology. Schwann claimed that "there is one universal ... One of his projects was a portable respirator, designed as a closed system to support human life in environments where the ... Schwann carried out a series of microscopic and physiological experiments focused on studying the structure and function of ...
The Polyvagal Theory The polyvagal theory: phylogenetic substrates of a social nervous system Stephen Porges - the originator ... Polyvagal theory does not explain the mechanism of any of these phenomena with any precision, resulting in an ... Thus, according to this theory, physiological state dictates the range of behaviour and psychological experience. Polyvagal ... such as cardiac and digestive changes. Porges argues this theory with observations from both evolutionary biology and neurology ...
Chronic loneliness is often seen as a purely negative phenomena from the lens of social and medical science. Yet in spiritual ... Weiss tied his concept of emotional loneliness to attachment theory. People have a need for deep attachments, which can be ... Some doctors also recommend group therapy as a means to connect with other sufferers and establish a support system. Doctors ... There are a number of potential physiological mechanisms linking loneliness to poor health outcomes. In 2005, results from the ...
The sympathetic nervous system becomes primarily active during a stress response, regulating many of the body's physiological ... The result can manifest itself in obvious illnesses, such as general trouble with the digestive system (e.g. occult bleeding, ... His theories of a universal non-specific stress response attracted great interest and contention in academic physiology and he ... The ambiguity in defining this phenomenon was first recognized by Hans Selye (1907-1982) in 1926. In 1951 a commentator loosely ...
... such as the contraction of the heart and the movement of food through the digestive system via peristalsis. Muscle tissue is ... Once thought to be caused by lactic acid build-up, a more recent theory is that it is caused by tiny tears in the muscle fibers ... This phenomenon is called cross education.[citation needed] During ordinary living activities, between 1 and 2 percent of ... Muscle is a result of three factors that overlap: physiological strength (muscle size, cross sectional area, available ...
Quantum Mechanics A largely computational physical theory explaining the behavior of quantum phenomena, which incorporates the ... Molecular Systems Engineering Design, analysis, and construction of systems of molecular parts working together to carry out a ... Immune Machines Medical nanomachines designed for internal use, especially in the bloodstream and digestive tract, able to ... and thus proteomics involves the identification of proteins in the body and the determination of their role in physiological ...
... suppression of immune system, digestive difficulties, nausea, indigestion/heartburn, vomiting, diarrhea, joint pains, vertigo/ ... The distinction between physiological and psychological causes is often difficult to test,[5] and it is particularly ... The phenomenon of multiple chemical sensitivities is a peculiar manifestation of our technophobic and chemophobic society. It ... Several mechanisms for a psychological etiology have been proposed, including theories based on misdiagnoses of an underlying ...
... such as the contraction of the heart and the movement of food through the digestive system via peristalsis. ... Once thought to be caused by lactic acid build-up, a more recent theory is that it is caused by tiny tears in the muscle fibers ... A display of "strength" (e.g. lifting a weight) is a result of three factors that overlap: physiological strength (muscle size ... This phenomenon is called cross education.[citation needed]. Atrophy. Main article: Muscle atrophy ...
... we can be sure without further examination that the whole system of its digestive organs is appropriate for that kind of food, ... making extinction an accepted scientific phenomenon; opposing theories of evolution. ... The latter principle emphasizes the animal's physiological function in relation to its surrounding environment. These findings ... Cuvier is also remembered for strongly opposing theories of evolution, which at the time (before Darwin's theory) were mainly ...
Digestive systemEdit. An insect uses its digestive system to extract nutrients and other substances from the food it consumes.[ ... called the paranotal theory. Other theories are based on a pleural origin. These theories include suggestions that wings ... In a phenomenon known as philopatry, insects that hibernate have shown the ability to recall a specific location up to a year ... Chown, S.L.; S.W. Nicholson (2004). Insect Physiological Ecology. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-851549-9.. ...
An insect uses its digestive system to extract nutrients and other substances from the food it consumes. Most of this food is ... called the paranotal theory. Other theories are based on a pleural origin. These theories include suggestions that wings ... In a phenomenon known as philopatry, insects that hibernate have shown the ability to recall a specific location up to a year ... Chemoreception is the physiological response of a sense organ (i.e. taste or smell) to a chemical stimulus where the chemicals ...
Hypothalamus connections hormonally regulate hunger and the digestive system. Substantia innominata connects the thalamus, ... However, a basal level of calcium, corresponding to the physiological concentration, is necessary for activation of the CaSR to ... Food portal Beefy meaty peptide Digital lollipop Optimal foraging theory Palatability Vomeronasal organ Sensory analysis Tea ... this coolness is only a perceived phenomenon. Both Chinese and Batak Toba cooking include the idea of 麻 (má or mati rasa), a ...
... which regulates body temperature and the digestive system) direct stimulation of cannabinoid receptors in the gut ... The TRPV1 theory posits that chronic exposure to cannabinoids down regulates TRPV1 signaling, and that compulsive hot-water ... cannabis use are associated with behavioral effects leading to a wide variety of effects on the body systems and physiological ... Americans may suffer annually from a phenomenon similar to CHS." In 2018 a 17 year old died of the condition. Cannabinoid ...
The development of a beak has led to evolution of a specially adapted digestive system. Birds have many bones that are hollow ( ... Long, C. A.; Zhang, G. P.; George, T. F.; Long, C. F. (2003). "Physical theory, origin of flight, and synthesis proposed for ... The elimination of nitrogenous wastes as uric acid reduces the physiological demand for water, as uric acid is not very toxic ... P. 432-447 Du Brul, E. Lloyd (1962). "The general phenomenon of bipedalism". American Zoologist. 2 (2): 205-208. doi:10.1093/ ...
The theory has become the widely accepted model for how the immune system responds to infection and how certain types of B and ... The phenomenon occurs naturally but is also frequently mimicked in industry and engineering. crista A fold in the inner ... ectotherm An organism in which internal physiological sources of heat are of relatively small or quite negligible importance in ... with a body plan that lacks a fluid-filled cavity between the body wall and the digestive tract. Rather, semi-solid mesodermal ...
The theory should account for learning and memory, and temporal recall in a distributed system. The theory should account how ... and physiological function of the central nervous system." A pressing issue for Edelman was explaining perceptual ... instructionist explanations of biological phenomena. Edelman was well aware of the earlier debate in immunology between the ... basically consisting of the digestive tract and its appendages, which, to a considerable degree, conducts its own affairs, and ...
... we can be sure without further examination that the whole system of its digestive organs is appropriate for that kind of food, ... Cuvier is also remembered for strongly opposing theories of evolution, which at the time (before Darwin's theory) were mainly ... Cuvier attempted to explain this paleontological phenomenon he envisioned (which would be readdressed more than a century later ... The latter principle emphasizes the animal's physiological function in relation to its surrounding environment. These findings ...
... a scientific theory is a set of principles that explains an observable phenomenon in natural terms. "Scientific fact and theory ... In fact, chewing gum is mostly indigestible, and passes through the digestive system at the same rate as other matter. Spicy ... There is no physiological basis for the belief that having sex in the days leading up to a sporting event or contest is ... The word theory in "the theory of evolution" does not imply scientific doubt regarding its validity; the concepts of theory and ...
If a phenomenon is sufficiently general and widely confirmed, it may be called a "law"; psychological theories serve to ... Pavlov's experimental study of the digestive system in dogs led to extensive experiments through which he established the basic ... In 1887, Ladd published Elements of Physiological Psychology, the first American textbook that extensively discussed ... If a theory cannot be tested in any conceivable way then many scientists consider the theory to be meaningless. Testability ...
Diseases of the respiratory system XI K00-K93 Diseases of the digestive system ... F50-F59) Behavioural syndromes associated with physiological disturbances and physical factors[edit]. *(F50) Eating disorders * ... Social construct theory of ADHD. *ADHD coaching. *Epidemiology of ADHD. *Diet and ADHD ... F59) Unspecified behavioural syndromes associated with physiological disturbances and physical factors. (F60-F69) Disorders of ...
"Molecular Systems Biology. 7: 549. doi:10.1038/msb.2011.82. PMC 3261713. PMID 22068332.. ... By contrast, in vivo experiments can provide information about the physiological role of a protein in the context of a cell or ... Lectins typically play a role in biological recognition phenomena involving cells and proteins.[39] Receptors and hormones are ... and digestive/metabolic enzymes obtained from slaughterhouses. In the 1950s, the Armour Hot Dog Co. purified 1 kg of pure ...
The digestive system of birds is unique, with a crop for storage and a gizzard that contains swallowed stones for grinding food ... "Phenomena: Not Exactly Rocket Science How Chickens Lost Their Penises (And Ducks Kept Theirs)". Phenomena.nationalgeographic. ... Clark, Suzannah (2001). Music Theory and Natural Order from the Renaissance to the Early Twentieth Century. Cambridge ... Water is needed by many birds although their mode of excretion and lack of sweat glands reduces the physiological demands.[128] ...
In Saladin LK, Fredericks CM (eds.). Pathophysiology of the motor systems: principles and clinical presentations. Philadelphia ... The rebound phenomenon, also known as the loss of the check reflex, is also sometimes seen in patients with cerebellar ataxia, ... The term "ataxia" is sometimes used in a broader sense to indicate lack of coordination in some physiological process. Examples ... Hadjivassiliou M, Sanders DD, Aeschlimann DP (2015). "Gluten-related disorders: gluten ataxia". Digestive Diseases (Review). 33 ...
Blocking and other more subtle phenomena can also be explained by comparator theories, though, again, they cannot explain ... However, it has been proposed[by whom?] that only when the UR does not involve the central nervous system are the CR and the UR ... B, Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 57 (1): 1-23. doi:10.1080/02724990344000015. PMID 14690847.. ... He redirected the animal's digestive fluids outside the body, where they could be measured. Pavlov noticed that his dogs began ...
Digestive. system. *Alcoholic hepatitis. *Alcoholic liver disease. *Auto-brewery syndrome. Nervous. system. *Alcohol-related ... The theory is that the increased oxygen flow resulting from oxygen therapy improves the metabolic rate, and thus increases the ... Verster JC (23 January 2008). "The alcohol hangover--a puzzling phenomenon". Alcohol and Alcoholism. 43 (2): 124-6. doi:10.1093 ... A hangover is the experience of various unpleasant physiological and psychological effects following the consumption of alcohol ...
regulation of digestive system process. • sperm ejaculation. • positive regulation of hindgut contraction. • female pregnancy. ... One theory states that oxytocin increases approach/avoidance to certain social stimuli and the second theory states that ... Physiological[edit]. The peripheral actions of oxytocin mainly reflect secretion from the pituitary gland. The behavioral ... This phenomenon can be explained by looking at the role of gonadal hormones, specifically estrogen, which modulate the enhanced ...
The system classifications proceeded from the postulate that the whole is not a sum of its parts, but rather, a system of ... Some others psychologists accept the theory of types as more or less detailed trait theory, defining the types as poles of one ... 5.The influence of the values can be traced practically in all social phenomena, deserving studying. M.Rokeach distinguishes ... develops into the digestive tract), the mesoderm, (becomes muscle, heart and blood vessels), and the ectoderm (forms the skin ...
The result can manifest itself in obvious illnesses, such as general trouble with the digestive system (e.g. occult bleeding, ... The sympathetic nervous system becomes primarily active during a stress response, regulating many of the body's physiological ... Viner R (1999). "Putting Stress in Life: Hans Selye and the Making of Stress Theory". Social Studies of Science. 29 (3): 391- ... The ambiguity in defining this phenomenon was first recognized by Hans Selye (1907-1982) in 1926. In 1951 a commentator loosely ...
Bowlby (1907-1990) (Attachment theory). *Bronfenbrenner (1917-2005) (Ecological systems theory). *Kohlberg (1927-1987) (Stages ... During pregnancy, the woman undergoes many physiological changes, which are entirely normal, including cardiovascular, ... Digestive system. *Acute fatty liver of pregnancy. *Gestational diabetes. *Hepatitis E. *Hyperemesis gravidarum ... by Judy (2008). Neuroethics : defining the issues in theory, practice, and policy (Repr. ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press ...
Five Phases (五行, pinyin: wǔ xíng), sometimes also translated as the "Five Elements"[26] theory, presumes that all phenomena of ... "Six Channel system" or "six division pattern" [六经辩证, pinyin: liù jīng biàn zhèng]; "Wei Qi Ying Xue system" or "four division ... similar to European humoral theory.[7] Scientific investigation has not found histological or physiological evidence for ... headache and digestive and respiratory issues, though there is no firm evidence supporting these uses.[153] A 2012 Cochrane ...
"Glycans in the immune system and The Altered Glycan Theory of Autoimmunity: a critical review". Journal of Autoimmunity. 57 (6 ... This topic was finally able to be studied thoroughly under physiological shear stress conditions using a typical flow chamber.[ ... Selectins (E-selection, L-selection, and P-selectin) were found to be involved in this phenomenon. The shear threshold ... Janeway CA, Travers P, Walport M, Shlomick MJ (2005). Immunobiology: The immune system in health and disease (6th ed.). New ...
However, eating a different food also means having a different digestive system, gut, claws, wings and above all, different ... Genetical theory of natural selection. Oxford. p134-139. *↑ Cronin, Helen 1991. The ant and the peacock: altruism and sexual ... "Evolutionary adaptation is a phenomenon of pervasive importance in biology." p5 *↑ Ridley, Mark. 2003. Evolution. Part 3: ... Physiological adaptations permit the organism to perform special functions (for instance, making venom, secreting slime, ...
By contrast, in vivo experiments can provide information about the physiological role of a protein in the context of a cell or ... Lectins typically play a role in biological recognition phenomena involving cells and proteins.[35] Receptors and hormones are ... Antibodies are protein components of an adaptive immune system whose main function is to bind antigens, or foreign substances ... and digestive/metabolic enzymes obtained from slaughterhouses. In the 1950s, the Armour Hot Dog Co. purified 1 kg of pure ...
"Molecular Systems Biology. 7: 549. doi:10.1038/msb.2011.82. PMC 3261713 . PMID 22068332.. ... By contrast, in vivo experiments can provide information about the physiological role of a protein in the context of a cell or ... Lectins typically play a role in biological recognition phenomena involving cells and proteins.[35] Receptors and hormones are ... and digestive/metabolic enzymes obtained from slaughterhouses. In the 1950s, the Armour Hot Dog Co. purified 1 kg of pure ...
Non-mainstream theories[edit]. There are a number of theories of carcinogenesis and cancer treatment that fall outside the ... This phenomenon is called the dominant negative effect and is observed in many p53 mutations. ... Cancer cells respond aberrantly to cytokines, and activate signal cascades that can protect them from the immune system.[78][82 ... Cell division is a physiological process that occurs in almost all tissues and under a variety of circumstances. Normally the ...
... or gases from the digestive system. Carbon is used in chemical reduction at high temperatures. Coke is used to reduce iron ore ... Stefanenko, R. (1983). Coal Mining Technology: Theory and Practice. Society for Mining Metallurgy. ISBN 0-89520-404-5.. ... This phenomenon has been attributed to the aurophilicity of the gold ligands, which provide additional stabilization of an ... "Natural Abundance Variations in Stable Isotopes and their Potential Uses in Animal Physiological Ecology". Comparative ...
... -kumara or "fire princes" are a part of Jain theory of rebirth and a class of reincarnated beings.[24] Agni or Tejas are ... This classification system was a basis of grouping medicinal herbs, seasons of the year, tastes and foods, empirical diagnosis ... Agni is symbolism for psychological and physiological aspects of life, states Maha Purana section LXVII.202-203. There are ... even so the heating power in the foods digestive and appetizing power is also a part of Agni's energy or potency.[165] ...
Merson, Michael H.; Black, Robert E.; Mills, Anne J. International Public Health: Disease, Programs, Systems, and Policies. ... Another universal phenomenon regarding food is the appeal of contrast in taste and presentation. For example, such opposite ... The digestive complaints usually develop within half an hour of ingesting the allergen.[141] ... "designed to have physiological benefits and/or reduce the risk of chronic disease beyond basic nutritional functions, and may ...
Leucochloridium, a genus of flatworm, matures in the digestive system of songbirds, their eggs then passing out of the bird in ... The theory was developed by the German biologist Wolfgang Wickler[3] who named it after the German herpetologist Robert Mertens ... This phenomenon is called negative frequency dependent selection, and it applies in most forms of mimicry. Batesian mimicry can ... Natural and Sexual Selection on the Physiological Bases of Alternative Male Behaviors in Side-Blotched Lizards". Hormones and ...
They then pass down the esophagus and enter the digestive system, finishing their journey in the intestine, where the larvae ... An identical phenomenon is much more commonly seen with Ancylostoma caninum infections in dogs, where the newborn pups can even ... The theory was first proposed by David P. Strachan who noted that hay fever and eczema were less common in children who ... mainly because they have much higher physiological needs for iron (menstruation, repeated pregnancy). ...
Circulatory system - respiration - lung - heart - artery - vein - capillary - blood - blood cell. *Digestive system - stomach ... Theoretical Biology - the mathematical modeling of biological phenomena.. *Systems biology - computational modeling of ... neutral theory of molecular evolution - population genetics - Hardy-Weinberg principle ... physiological, developmental, genetic) to environmental stresses. ... Lymphatic system - lymph node. *Immune system: antibody - host ...
"We did not set out with the idea in mind of studying the immunological consequences of the phenomenon described by Owen; on the ... The skin and digestive tract of humans and many other organisms is colonized with an ecosystem of microorganisms that is ... Immune tolerance, or immunological tolerance, or immunotolerance, is a state of unresponsiveness of the immune system to ... Immune tolerance encompasses the range of physiological mechanisms by which the body reduces or eliminates an immune response ...
The pathophysiology of depression is not yet understood, but the current theories center around monoaminergic systems, the ... Development of mental health services is minimal in many countries; depression is viewed as a phenomenon of the developed world ... A depressed person may report multiple physical symptoms such as fatigue, headaches, or digestive problems; physical complaints ... and by the 1860s it was appearing in medical dictionaries to refer to a physiological and metaphorical lowering of emotional ...
... and digestive system. Many multicellular organisms consist of several organ systems, which coordinate to allow for life. ... The cell theory, first developed in 1839 by Schleiden and Schwann, states that all organisms are composed of one or more cells ... It is generally the phenomena of entire organisms that determine their fitness to an environment and therefore the ... For the informal taxonomic term in botany, see Race (biology) § Physiological race. ...
Executive Summary 1 substance abuse and addiction are complex phenomena that defy simple explanation or description. A tangled ... digestive, and endocrine systems. Both the behavioral and physiological effects of a drug occur in the context of an individual ... Old Theory of Addiction Old Theory of Addiction Inadequacy of Old Theory Old Theory of Addiction New Theories of Addiction: ... PhD Old Theory of Addiction THE REWARD CENTER Inadequacy of Old Theory Two motivations ...
Emphasis is placed on the cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, urinary, immune, and reproductive systems. A laboratory is ... BIO 335 Anatomy and Physiology I (4 SH). First of a two-coursesequence studying the anatomical and physiological principles of ... Major themes of the course include effective nuclear charge, lattice energy, charge density, acid/base theories, and the ... nuclear phenomena, and interactions of science and society. In the laboratory program students will investigate chemical ...
From 1820 to 1827 Purkyně studied vertigo and the physiological phenomena of the maintenance of posture and equilibrium. He was ... He was the first to describe cells as ubiquitous formations in the central nervous system of vertebrates and in their ganglia- ... The chief advance in Purkyněs time was Schwanns formulation of the cell theory. Purkyně was Schwanns immediate and most ... and of the cellular structure of all other glands led Purkyně to study the digestive action of extracts of gastric and ...
Physiology and nervizm (the concept of the preeminence of the nervous system in regulating physiological functions) were most ... Many studies revealed that it was unsound practice to construct a theory of disease grounded in particular phenomena (for ... In Germany, J. Müllers school investigated the physiology of the sense organs, the digestive system, and the blood. H. ... An important argument in these theories is the numerical similarity of the indexes of social health (demographic phenomena, the ...
5 of 7 trials showed improvement in diseases of the digestive system, ... medium stimuli inhibit physiological activity, and strong stimuli halt physiological activity. For example, very weak ... "At the end of his life, Pasteur admitted that his theory was a fraud. He said that it was not the germs that mattered, but the ... In the 1920s, conventional scientists who tested and verified this biphasic response termed the phenomenon hormesis. Dozens ...
masticatory system synonyms, masticatory system pronunciation, masticatory system translation, English dictionary definition of ... masticatory system. n. 1. A group of interacting, interrelated, or interdependent elements forming a complex whole, especially ... b. a hypothesis or theory of the characteristics of heavenly bodies by which their phenomena, motions, changes, etc., are ... the solar system; the digestive system. stelsel نِظام، جِهاز система sistema systém das System, das Netz system; -system ...
Exposing the Myth of the Germ Theory - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Exposing the ... physiological smog, if you will. If bacteria did invade organisms and subsequently laid them low,. Unless a germ will cause a ... present in the digestive tract (which, by. that germs were ordinarily kept within the way, technically is considered outside. ... phenomena that require the disintegration of refuse and toxic Bacteria Mutate According to Decomposing Soil in the. matter ...
... and urinary systems. Nutrition and metabolism are discussed in conjunction with the digestive system. The study of fluid- ... NUR 315 NURSING THEORY *. 3 credits. This course is an introduction to theory and reasoning in nursing. The student will ... The structural and physiological characteristics of the major types of microorganisms are discussed in this course. Host- ... Students will examine phenomena that produce alterations in normal human functioning processes (homeostasis) caused by diseases ...
... tissues and bodily systems - like our cardiovascular, renal, central nervous, digestive, endocrine and pulmonary systems. These ... Another aging theory, called the theory of cumulative errors, points to a combination of events - like gene mutations, DNA ... The simple answer is "no". The aging process results in physiological changes that can affect the way our brain functions, ... including age-related memory lapses, or tip of the tongue phenomena but these are different than actual dementia. It may be the ...
Obviously, perceptual and cognitive systems evolved to maximize survival, just like circulatory and digestive systems. ... In most cases, the theory has no logical connections to the phenomena, other than some trivially true ideas. Beyond classic ... Similarly, we have evolved mechanisms wherein mental states (e.g., fear) can affect physiological functions. For these reasons ... In theory, a few "good" null effects could topple a scientific theory. In practice, it would likely take many years and ...
As fun as it is to think about inebriated elephants, this theory has been debunked by an article published in the Physiological ... The idea is that the fallen fruit ferments either on the ground before being eaten, or in the elephants digestive system, ... Anecdotal reports of these stumbling elephants go back over a century, and the phenomenon was portrayed in the film Animals are ... Another hypothesis, which suggests that the fruit ferments in the digestive system, is also out of the question; the fruits are ...
This loss of blood flow slows the digestive system, and this slowing can be seen on the EGG. However, this response can vary ... All of these examples are part of a larger theory of a brain-gut connection. This theory states that the vagus nerve provides a ... In this study, the presence of bradygastria was able to predict trait and state disgust, which no other physiological measure ... ISBN 978-0-19-514788-9. Mintchev M. Selected Topics on Electrogastrography: Electrical phenomena in the human stomach. Kosenko ...
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM. The digestive system of a dog is very similar to a human one. It ensures the ingestion of food and its ... Nobel Prize winning physiologist, Ivan Pavlov, first identified this psychological/physiological phenomenon in the late ... Pavlov was able to expand on the works of several leading researchers in order to create his own theories. In 1895, at the St ... The smooth muscle is the one present in the walls of the digestive organs, arteries, veins, in the diaphragm (which separates ...
Gives the Digestive System a Head Start. If you struggle with a slow digestive system that doesnt seem to wake up with the ... This phenomenon has been studied and recorded in clinical trials. There are many theories about why yoga is such a powerful ... Another theory revolves around yogas ability to modulate the physiological stress response through things like lower blood ... yoga can be a wonderful way to get your digestive system going. Many aspects of yoga make it useful to a healthy digestive ...
Recent studies demonstrate that digestive system size is reduced by flight and fasting to such an extent that birds cannot ... If settling time is mainly a physiological phenomenon (not behavioural or ecological), its duration could be positively related ... Alerstam, T. and Hedenström, A. (1998). The development of bird migration theory. J. Avian Biol. 29, 343-369. ... catabolism of the digestive system in flight may constrain hyperphagia and mass deposition after arrival (Klaassen and Biebach ...
It is essentially viewed as a comprehensive remedy that restores balance to the digestive system. Coca is masticated or held in ... A. Bennett, "The physiological action of coca," BMJ, vol. 1, no. 694, p. 510, 1874. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar ... Although most of the theories produced by these scientists are based on observational and not experimental data, merit is to be ... Further investigation of this phenomenon has discovered that coca has effects on glucose homeostasis. Chewing coca leaves has ...
Psychology : Anatomical, biochemical and physiological aspects of neurotransmitter systems in the brain, current theories of ... Psychology : Application of computational methods to the simulation of psychological phenomena. Comparison of natural and ... Physiology : Physiology of cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, endocrine and renal systems. Terms: Winter 2014 ... PHGY 425 Analyzing Physiological Systems (3 credits) Offered by: Physiology (Faculty of Science) ...
the korean: The digestive and immune systems are also linked to the brain. That is why being "stressed" about something like ... Not to say that it doesnt work- it does, because the placebo effect is a physiological phenomenon (and can even be blocked by ... Asian medicines in fact have a very complex theory. behind it; its just that it is completely different from the theories ... Albeit, I have searched high and low on the Internet for information regarding any physiological differences between Asian and ...
... portal Biological network Artificial life Biological systems engineering Systems biology Systems ecology Systems theory Systems ... Respiratory system: the organs used for breathing, the pharynx, larynx, bronchi, lungs and diaphragm. Digestive system: ... The notion of physiological division of labor, introduced in the 1820s by the French physiologist Henri Milne-Edwards, allowed ... work incessantly to produce the phenomena that constitute the life of the individual." In more differentiated organisms, the ...
Feed-forward systems anticipate changes in physiological systems. Which of the following represents the correct order in which ... Of Fgfr2c demonstrates the effect of two different digestive enzymes, a systemic anatomical of... S theory is that it ... Attempted 944 times by avid quiz takers the physiological phenomena involved in ball-tracking tasks of various levels! ... Metabolism converts the nutrients in the food that we eat (digestive system) in to essential energy which is needed to power ...
... suppression of immune system, digestive difficulties, nausea, indigestion/heartburn, vomiting, diarrhea, food intolerances, ... a b c Pall, M (2003). Elevated nitric oxide/peroxynitrite theory of multiple chemical sensitivity: central role of N-methyl-D- ... Physiological causes. One of the first studies on MCS focused on possible long-term potentiation in the hippocampus and neural ... Allergist Theron G. Randolph (1906-1995) was the first to describe "the chemical intolerance phenomenon" half a century ago, ...
Some patients can help keep your digestive system in turn derives from group ia, ib, ii and noradrenaline can be scored 4. ... 36.7 aldosterone physiological and psychological process and phenomena of responses to a patient s pregnancy distress. ... Lordosis n. Arching of the theory, now universally accepted, although cases of allergy and targets for chemotherapeutic agents ...
An introduction to the study of the physiological phenomena presented by the human body. Focuses on the function of organs and ... 211 Human Systems Anatomy (1) Emphasizes the body systems most involved with human movement, sport and exercise (e.g., skeletal ... The theory behind basic athletic training practices and the application of the specified competencies in supervised clinical ... digestive and endocrine). Betz. R. Moss. ... The theory behind introductory athletic training practices and ...
What is Respiratory systems? Meaning of Respiratory systems medical term. What does Respiratory systems mean? ... Looking for online definition of Respiratory systems in the Medical Dictionary? Respiratory systems explanation free. ... client system in the general systems framework and theory of goal attainment, the composite of physiological, psychological, ... digestive system see digestive system.. Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system a comprehensive program designed to provide ...
Psychology: Anatomical, biochemical and physiological aspects of neurotransmitter systems in the brain, current theories of the ... Psychology: Application of computational methods to the simulation of psychological phenomena. Comparison of natural and ... Physiology: Physiology of cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, endocrine and renal systems. Offered by: Physiology ... Neurology and Neurosurgery: The role of inflammation in physiological function of the nervous system, as well as in a broad ...
Laboratory experiences integrated with lecture enable students to examine anatomical and physiological phenomena of the human ... The cellular basis for the functional attributes of living systems, laboratory investigation of selected physiological ... An in-depth systemic approach to the study of the human body emphasizing the nervous, endocrine, respiratory, digestive, ... A course covering the concepts and theories of modern evolutionary biology, including the mechanisms of genetic change in ...
All of the great systems of the body --the circulation, the nervous system, the musculo-skeletal system, the digestive tract, ... and cellular phenomena, to physiological, emotional, and cosmological issues. The study of informational and energetic ... Why should we look for another energetic and communication system as proposed in the theory of acupuncture? If such a system ... and energetic system in the body. This system is not the nervous system, but the nervous system is a part of it. The system we ...
... systems analysis of digestive, endocrine and musculoskeletal system function including information related to gross anatomy, ... Epigenetics & Systems Physiology. (3-0). Credit 3. Journal club format focusing on epigenetic regulation of physiological ... Theory of Research. (3-0). Credit 3. Theory and design of research related to current biomedical problems especially those ... and approaches to model the underlying phenomena from the systems biology perspective. Prerequisites: BIOL 451 or GENE 320/BIMS ...
One theory is that surgery may set the stage for a controversial phenomenon known as cross addiction, psychologists say. ... Others believe anatomical and physiological changes resulting from the surgery itself may be at play, including changes to the ... Unlike banding, Roux-en-Y permanently rearranges the digestive tract.. After gastric bypass, blood alcohol levels peak earlier ... Studies in animals suggest gastric bypass leads to changes in the dopamine receptor system in the brain, Mitchell said. ...
The Hunter theory became widely accepted, thereby leading to wholesale extraction of teeth. The focal infection theory fell ... During the course of a normal pregnancy, a series of profound and dynamic physiological changes occur in both the mother and ... One of the major alterations in the immune system during pregnancy is partial dampening of the mothers cell-mediated immune ... The phenomenon of return of immunological response after postpartum has been termed the "immune reconstitution syndrome" [15]. ...
  • On the organ and tissue scale in mammals and other animals, examples include the circulatory system, the respiratory system, and the nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cardiovascular system (heart and circulatory system): pumping and channeling blood to and from the body and lungs with heart, blood and blood vessels. (wikipedia.org)
  • The endocrine system uses chemical messengers called hormones that are transported by the circulatory system (blood). (bartleby.com)
  • Bernard and Cannon developed the concept of homeostasis to apply only to regulation of the internal environment, particularly that of the cell or circulatory system. (gettingstronger.org)
  • Physiology is particularly interested in the functioning parts of the animal-for example, its digestive system, the circulatory system, the nervous system, the excretory systems, the mechanics of neural and muscular response. (learntolivebetter.org)
  • The 'language faculty,' as Chomsky referred to it, was part of the organism's genetic endowment, much like the visual system, the immune system and the circulatory system, and we ought to approach it just as we approach these other more down-to-earth biological systems. (oschina.net)
  • He believed that this new membrane protected the XO from digestive enzymes, allowing some XO to pass intact within the fat globules from the gut into the circulatory system when homogenized milk is consumed. (westonaprice.org)
  • He believed that this new membrane protected the XO from digestive enzymes, allowing some XO to pass intact within the fat globules from the gut into the circulatory system when homogenized milk is consumed.3 He referred to these fat globules as liposomes and argued that the liposomes carrying XO were absorbed intact. (realmilk.com)
  • As biological organization spans several scales, examples of biological systems are populations of organisms, or on the organ- and tissue scale in mammals and other animals, the circulatory system, the respiratory system, the nervous system, etc. (blogspot.com)
  • The study of PP propagation is therefore a major medical challenge and is essential to understand the dynamics of the circulatory system under normal or pathological conditions. (hindawi.com)
  • He studied the circulatory system, particularly the oscillation of blood pressure under various controlled conditions and the regulation of cardiac activity. (yourdictionary.com)
  • First of a two-coursesequence studying the anatomical and physiological principles of the human body, including a survey of the major organ systems of the human body and their relationship to health and disease. (westminster.edu)
  • Second of the two-coursesequence studying the anatomical and physiological principles of the human body. (westminster.edu)
  • For example, the nervous system was named by Monro (1783), but Rufus of Ephesus (c. 90-120), clearly viewed for the first time the brain, spinal cord, and craniospinal nerves as an anatomical unit, although he wrote little about its function, nor gave a name to this unit. (wikipedia.org)
  • Laboratory experiences integrated with lecture enable students to examine anatomical and physiological phenomena of the human body. (wvstateu.edu)
  • Others believe anatomical and physiological changes resulting from the surgery itself may be at play, including changes to the brain's reward circuitry. (nationalpost.com)
  • Topics include a survey of the taxonomic diversity of the major groups of living organisms, the anatomical and physiological adaptations of both plants and animals, and the principles of the ecological relationships among organisms and environments. (rit.edu)
  • Laboratory exercises are designed to illustrate concepts of taxonomy, anatomical & physiological adaptation, and ecological relationships. (rit.edu)
  • We first note that the basic principles from embodiment theory are either unacceptably vague (e.g., the premise that perception is influenced by the body) or they offer nothing new (e.g., cognition evolved to optimize survival, emotions affect cognition, perception-action couplings are important). (springer.com)
  • Chemistry : A study of the fundamental principles of atomic structure, radiation and nuclear chemistry, valence theory, coordination chemistry, and the periodic table. (mcgill.ca)
  • The structure of the whole system, macromolecules, water, and ions, is being built up from basic laws and principles, enabling quantum mechanical descriptions to be extended to domains containing many interacting components. (somatics.de)
  • This course introduces the fundamentals of organismal biology: the scientific method, principles of evolution including Darwin's theory of natural selection, adaptations in organismal form and function, biodiversity, the interactions of organisms with their environment, and the practices of scientific communication. (mta.ca)
  • The course focuses on the development, design and application of principles of leadership and management of health care delivery systems. (gsu.edu)
  • Behavior therapy may be defined as the clinical application of learning-theory principles to the modification of behavior. (learntolivebetter.org)
  • Principles of Biology-The great theories of biology and their influence in the modern world. (caltech.edu)
  • The universality and simplicity of these relationships suggest that fundamental universal principles underly much of the coarse-grained generic structure and organisation of living systems. (biologists.org)
  • An introduction to modern biology: molecular and cellular organization of living systems, energy transformations and metabolism, the principles of classical and molecular genetics, and the basic embryological changes during the development of an organism. (newpaltz.edu)
  • A similar system based on identical principles would produce only males. (aftau.org)
  • The theory of materialistic nature of history is based on a series of certain philosophical, psychological, and sociological principles that logically lead to other theories of ideological significance. (al-islam.org)
  • It is, therefore, essential to discuss this problem in some detail, first expounding the foundations and principles on which this theory is based and then the conclusions which are derived from them. (al-islam.org)
  • Introduction to biochemical basis of living systems, cell and molecular biology, mitosis and meiosis, principles of genetics, developmental biology. (umass.edu)
  • The skeleton of the dog is the articulated structure, moved by the muscles, that holds the dog's body and protects some organs and the nervous system. (studymode.com)
  • The Major program in Neuroscience is a focused program for students interested in how the nervous system functions. (mcgill.ca)
  • The body cavities that protect the nervous system are located in the ____ cavity. (desertdingo.com)
  • Nervous system: collecting, transferring and processing information with brain, spinal cord, peripheral nervous system and sense organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neuroscience: An introduction to how the nervous system acquires and integrates information and uses it to produce behaviour. (mcgill.ca)
  • All of the great systems of the body --the circulation, the nervous system, the musculo-skeletal system, the digestive tract, the various organs -- all are ensheathed in connective tissue. (somatics.de)
  • When a physiologist is asked to discuss communication, the nervous system is usually given most of the attention, but many other forms of communication take place within the organism. (somatics.de)
  • The Nervous System The nervous system is the most complex part of the body, as they govern our thoughts, feelings, and bodily functions. (bartleby.com)
  • The studies of the nervous system helped lower death rates from heart disease, stroke, accidents, etc. (bartleby.com)
  • The nervous system is a network of neurons (nerve cells) that that sends information to the brain to be analyzed. (bartleby.com)
  • The nervous system is critical for human survival. (bartleby.com)
  • The human nervous system is responsible for signaling bodily functions, sensory experiences, and information processing. (bartleby.com)
  • The nervous system consists of three major structures: the brain, the spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system (Brodal 1-18). (bartleby.com)
  • Cocaine and the Nervous System All drugs have a negative effect on the nervous system, but few can match the dramatic impact of cocaine. (bartleby.com)
  • Cocaine is one of the most potent, addictive, and unpredictable recreational drugs, and thus can cause the most profound and irreversible damage to the nervous system. (bartleby.com)
  • There are two major subdivision of the nervous system, the Central nervous system (CNS) which consist of the brain and the spinal cord and the Peripheral nervous system(PNS) consisting of the neutral tissues outside the brain and the spinal cord. (bartleby.com)
  • The Central Nervous System integrates and coordinates all bodily functions, process all incoming messages and send commands to different body parts. (bartleby.com)
  • Introduction: The central nervous system (CNS) is the system within the body that is under scrutiny during this case. (bartleby.com)
  • Endocrine Vs Nervous System The endocrine system acts with nervous system to coordinate the body's activities. (bartleby.com)
  • Nervous System and Diseases Within the human anatomy, an intricate and complex network of specialised nerve fibres and neurons works in collaboration with the central nervous system and peripheral system, designed to carry out the various actions humans perform every day. (bartleby.com)
  • The nervous system is also known as the master control unit of the human body, as it operates other major functions such as the circulatory and respiratory systems (Jakab, 2006). (bartleby.com)
  • function of the Autonomic Nervous System Introduction: The organs of our body are controlled by many systems in order to function correctly and efficiently in order to survive within the environment we live in. (bartleby.com)
  • All of the systems in our body are regulated by a part of the nervous system called the autonomic nervous system (ANS). (bartleby.com)
  • More importantly, in a direct and/or indirect way, the intestinal microbiota influences the assembly of gut-associated lymphoid tissue, helps to educate immune system, affects the integrity of the intestinal mucosal barrier, modulates proliferation and differentiation of its epithelial lineages, regulates angiogenesis, and modifies the activity of enteric as well as the central nervous system. (frontiersin.org)
  • The nervous system could be explored and explained physically. (workersliberty.org)
  • Many researchers such as Dr. Francis Pottenger, Dr. R.O. Muller and others, worked with individual classification through the autonomic nervous system. (healthexcel.com)
  • Dr. William Donald Kelley coined the term metabolic typing and was the first to utilize computer technology to analyze nutritional needs based on the autonomic nervous system. (healthexcel.com)
  • The spinal cord is an extremely sensitive and complex part of the nervous system. (lbah.com)
  • These branches are part of the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS). (lbah.com)
  • What is the relationship between the autonomic nervous system and headaches? (acupuncture-treatment.com)
  • The function of all our internal organs is regulated by an involuntary nervous system known as the autonomic nervous system (ANS). (acupuncture-treatment.com)
  • The sympathetic nervous system is responsible for eliciting the ?fight or flight? (acupuncture-treatment.com)
  • The nervous system controls any muscle in our body. (depressiontrouble.com)
  • Nobel Prize winning physiologist, Ivan Pavlov, first identified this psychological/physiological phenomenon in the late nineteenth century. (studymode.com)
  • 36.7 aldosterone physiological and psychological process and phenomena of responses to a patient s pregnancy distress. (bigsurlandtrust.org)
  • The vital principle in humans is based on physical and physiological expressions as well as mental and psychological processes. (asociacionmexicanadaoista.org)
  • It's testimony to the success of this evolutionary relationship that our bodies are able to recognise and benefit from the natural phytochemicals developed within plants: a relationship so successful that the health of our cardiovascular, digestive, immune, respiratory, nervous, endocrine and psychological systems is largely dependent on plants. (resurgence.org)
  • He believed that he clearly established the physiological nature of psychological phenomena. (yourdictionary.com)
  • From a biological perspective, aging refers to the collective and irreversible decline that occurs in our organs, tissues and bodily systems - like our cardiovascular, renal, central nervous, digestive, endocrine and pulmonary systems. (dailypress.com)
  • There are following Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) and Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System (HCPCS) codes (maintained by the American Medical Association) for cutaneous electrogastrography: An electrogastroenterography (EGEG) is based that different organs of a GI tract give different frequency slow wave. (wikipedia.org)
  • The smooth muscle is the one present in the walls of the digestive organs, arteries, veins, in the diaphragm (which separates the two cavities of the body: the thorax and abdomen), and in some other internal organs. (studymode.com)
  • The notion of system (or apparatus) relies upon the concept of vital or organic function: a system is a set of organs with a definite function. (wikipedia.org)
  • where the organs, comparable to workers, work incessantly to produce the phenomena that constitute the life of the individual. (wikipedia.org)
  • These include the heart, stomach and intestines and other vital organs and body systems. (bartleby.com)
  • And this time, we will focus on theory of organs and viscera, more accurately put as viscera-state theory, is a further understanding, based on the conception of viscera and their functions Of the relationship between organs, intestines and other major organs. (coursera.org)
  • The result was the formulation of the Reflex Neurosis Theory of Disease, which postulated that the sexual organs and the erotic sensations they produced were the cause of all human disease. (historyofcircumcision.net)
  • Pavlov and his pupils also produced a considerable amount of accurate data on the workings of the gastrointestinal tract, which served as a basis for Pavlov's Lectures on the Work of the Principal Digestive Glands (published in Russia in 1897). (yourdictionary.com)
  • In 1912, however, a small band of psychologists (Cannon and Washburn) theorized that the pangs of the stomach may be signaling this physiological phenomena within one's body. (smore.com)
  • The near physiological condition achieved in pressure myography permits in-depth characterization of intrinsic responses to pharmacological and physiological stimuli, which can be extrapolated to the in vivo behavior of the vascular bed. (jove.com)
  • More specifically, these reseachers discovered that weak stimuli accelerate physiological activity, medium stimuli inhibit physiological activity, and strong stimuli halt physiological activity. (homeopathic.com)
  • The labo- chological (craving, urge, or desire to eat), physiological pre- ratory experiments are generally conducted under highly con- paratory (e.g., increased salivation and insulin release), and trolled conditions with very few distractors present and using neurocognitive (e.g., brain activation patterns, allocation of arbitrary stimuli as CSs. (deepdyve.com)
  • The physiological preparatory re- non-arbitrary naturalistic stimuli, and the CS-US associations sponses (cephalic phase responses) aid in digestion, absorp- will, for example, be more spread over time and embedded tion, and metabolism [17, 18], and overall, stronger cue- within a more distracting environment. (deepdyve.com)
  • However, as far as the Korean knows, there is no real physiological difference between Asian woman and Caucasian woman. (blogspot.com)
  • When imagination becomes incredibly vivid and you become absorbed in it, there will be a real physiological response. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • The immune system is closely associated with the lymphatic system. (desertdingo.com)
  • Immune system: protects the organism from foreign bodies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Asthma and eczema are two sides of the same coin because they stem from a particular underlying problem in the immune system. (westonaprice.org)
  • Immune System Regulation of Pain and Stress: evidence for the utilization of chiral substances. (freeservers.com)
  • The bacteria may initiate the disease, but the progression is host immune-mediated, and several inflammatory cells and enzymes are released which have a detrimental effect on other cells, tissues, and organ systems. (intechopen.com)
  • Single atoms come together to form simple compounds, simple compounds bind to produce double compounds, double compounds bond to fashion simple molecules, molecules marry to create amino acids, amino acids coalesce to model catalysing proteins and enzymes, and proteins and enzymes experiment to prototype self-replicating systems where, according to the accepted paradigm of evolutionary biology, there is a continuum from simple to more complex organisms. (jwwartick.com)
  • Course deals with functional, metabolic and informational aspects of typical pathologic processes, like disorders of signaling, reception, post - receptor translation, programming and program archiving, conflicts of programs in living systems. (coursera.org)
  • This concept was developed by the famous nineteenth century biologist, Claude Bernard, who observed that organisms strive to control their internal environment, or milieu interieur , within tight physiological constraints, through physiological processes that resist disturbances from the external environment and quickly restore normal operating conditions. (gettingstronger.org)
  • The factors which unbalance the Doshasas (vata, pitta and kafa), Malas ( waste end products), Agnis ( digestive fire) and Dhatus( tissues) of the different diseases has been clearly explained in almost all the books related to ayurveda. (exoticindia.com)
  • Instantiating an intelligent system using man-made hardware, rather than our own 'biological hardware' of cells and tissues, would show ultimate understanding, and have obvious practical applications in the creation of intelligent devices or even robots. (oschina.net)
  • 1 Executive Summary 1 substance abuse and addiction are complex phenomena that defy simple explanation or description. (docplayer.net)
  • Despite this many of its most fundamental and complex phenomena scale with size in a surprisingly simple fashion. (biologists.org)
  • The germ theory states that diseases are due solely to invasion by specific aggressive micro- people organisms. (scribd.com)
  • Examples of biological systems at the macro scale are populations of organisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • In more differentiated organisms, the functional labor could be apportioned between different instruments or systems (called by him as appareils). (wikipedia.org)
  • The endosymbiotic theory states that several key organelles of eukaryotes originated as symbioses between separate single-celled organisms ( 7 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • This phenomenon was discovered in a recent study of the human microbiome - the vast collection of our resident bacteria, fungi, and other tiny organisms. (washington.edu)
  • Habitat filtering contrasts with another theory, species assortment, in which organisms seeking nearly identical resources clash until a victorious species triumphs. (washington.edu)
  • Indeed, we shall argue that mass, and to a lesser extent temperature, is the prime determinant of variation in physiological behaviour when different organisms are compared over many orders of magnitude. (biologists.org)
  • Two of the most common procedures are Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, which reduces the size of the stomach to about the size of a plum and shortens the intestine, and gastric banding, where a silicone band is looped around the upper part of the stomach, restricting how much people can eat at one time. (nationalpost.com)
  • Under the current system, it need only go to the top of the trachea and the down the esophagus to the stomach. (godandscience.org)
  • The Department of Biology has been designated by West Virginia State University as a 'Peak of Excellence' and as a 'Program of Excellence' by the West Virginia State University System Board of Directors. (wvstateu.edu)
  • emphasis on microarray technology, methods for analyzing microarray data, and approaches to model the underlying phenomena from the systems biology perspective. (tamu.edu)
  • Elhanan Borenstein uses systems biology approaches to understanding the human microbiome. (washington.edu)
  • Borenstein and his team use a systems biology approach and apply sophisticated computer modeling to understand the structure, function, and dynamics of the microbiome. (washington.edu)
  • This is an interdisciplinary degree with a strong foundation in biology, mathematics, chemistry, physics, and geographic information systems. (rit.edu)
  • There are three overarching theories in biology: the theory of the cell, the theory of the gene, and the theory of evolution. (caltech.edu)
  • Systems Biology: An Overview by Mario Jardon: A review from the Science Creative Quarterly, 2005. (blogspot.com)
  • The hypothesis is that evolution will often improvise and make bad, jerry-rigged designs because of physical limitations placed on the system by biology, physics or chemistry. (godandscience.org)
  • Another aging theory, called the theory of cumulative errors, points to a combination of events - like gene mutations, DNA damage, oxidative stress and other cellular impairments - that accumulate over time, causing certain cells in our body to die or become inactive. (dailypress.com)
  • 10. Apply understanding of negative feedback loops at the cellular and physiological level. (santarosa.edu)
  • An introduction to molecular, cellular, and biochemical techniques that are commonly used in studies of biological systems at the molecular level. (caltech.edu)
  • 651. Epigenetics & Systems Physiology. (tamu.edu)
  • In Magendie's view, physiology should explain the two phenomena essential to life-nutrition and movement-through reducing them to the organization of living beings and of their parts. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Urinary system: kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra involved in fluid balance, electrolyte balance and excretion of urine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Drugs acting on respiratory system: Expectorants and antitussives, respiratory stimulants, bronchodilators and mucolytics. (scribd.com)
  • The lymphatic system includes functions including immune responses and development of antibodies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term "behavior," as used in present-day studies in behaviorism, is usually defined in a broad sense in order "to include a complex of observable and potentially measurable activities including motor, cognitive, and physiological classes of responses" (Bandura, 1969, p. 73). (learntolivebetter.org)
  • This phenomenon has been studied and recorded in clinical trials. (yogapractice.com)
  • clinical applications related to organ systems. (tamu.edu)
  • His team hopes to build a predictive model of the human microbiome as a tool to study how medical conditions can change this massive biological system, to identify settings that promote beneficial microbiomes, and to design clinical interventions to treat currently hard-to-manage problems. (washington.edu)
  • A biological system is a complex network which connects several biologically relevant entities. (wikipedia.org)
  • A biological system is not to be confused with a living system, such as a living organism. (wikipedia.org)
  • This notion was later formalized by Walter Canon as "homeostasis", the tendency of a biological system to regulate its internal environment within a stable range. (gettingstronger.org)
  • According to Marr, a complex biological system can be understood at three distinct levels. (oschina.net)
  • Synthesis and Analysis of a Biological System, by Hiroyuki Kurata, 1999. (blogspot.com)
  • Yarnall and Thrusfield, 2017 )due to underdevelopment of digestive system and relatively low immunity(Vicario et al. (researchsquare.com)
  • Collectively, the intestinal microbiome represents a "forgotten organ," functioning as an organ inside another that can execute many physiological responsibilities. (frontiersin.org)
  • For example, diet or drug therapies might be developed to manipulate the microbiome to achieve desired outcomes, such as fixing a chronic digestive inflammation. (washington.edu)
  • alimentary system digestive system . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In the course of his second phase of scientific work (1888-1902), Pavlov concentrated on the nerves directing the digestive glands and the functions of the alimentary canal under normal conditions. (yourdictionary.com)
  • On the micro to the nanoscopic scale, examples of biological systems are cells, organelles, macromolecular complexes and regulatory pathways. (wikipedia.org)
  • Between 1818 and 1825 Purkyně concentrated on the subjective sensory phenomena, studying them by observation and by experiments on himself because he lacked facilities for other experimental work. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Severe weight loss triggers abnormalities in the endocrine system. (bartleby.com)
  • This suggests, he explained, that the lines along which species are filtered and microbiomes are assembled are not fully defined by major physiological abnormalities in a patient, but might take place at a finer scale. (washington.edu)
  • Evolutionary biologist Dr. Christie Wilcox is skeptical of the theory that dolphins are intentionally doing this for the purpose of intoxication and pleasure, but there is some compelling evidence to the contrary. (reset.me)
  • The impact of evolutionary theory on our understanding of the human species will be presented, as well as the interdependence between natural ecosystems and human activities. (mta.ca)
  • The continuing support of these theories by evolutionary biologists is in some part due to their inability to square the genetic control of senescence with the idea that selection operates to increase the fitness of the individual and not the group. (google.com)
  • By augmenting their understanding of biological concepts, students develop a deeper appreciation of the natural biological phenomena they are in contact with on a daily basis. (newpaltz.edu)
  • Migrants may avoid damage behaviourally, or have efficient biochemical and physiological defences against muscle injury. (biologists.org)
  • And their respective physiological functions and pathological relations. (coursera.org)
  • Prokaryotic and eukaryotic organism will serve as model systems for studying topics such as nucleic acid structure, function, replication, damage, repair, and control of gene expression. (westminster.edu)
  • Endocrine system: communication within the body using hormones made by endocrine glands such as the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, pineal body or pineal gland, thyroid, parathyroid and adrenals, i.e., adrenal glands. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, the collection of glands in the endocrine system can be thought of as a system, each endocrine gland could be viewed as a system, or even specific cells of a single gland could be studied as a system. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • For the next 45 years Pavlov pursued his studies on the digestive glands and conditioned reflexes. (yourdictionary.com)
  • Pressure myograph systems are exquisitely useful in the functional assessment of small arteries, pressurized to a suitable transmural pressure. (jove.com)
  • Mesenteric arteries are mounted on two cannulas connected to a pressurized and sealed system that is maintained at constant pressure of 60 mmHg. (jove.com)
  • Specifically, the parts of the organism are joined together and composed of an interconnected electronic fabric, the connective tissue system, whose properties (elasticity, flexibility, length, resiliancy) depend upon a continuous flow of energy/information. (somatics.de)
  • In reviewing Skinner's operant reinforcement theory in the preceding section we have seen that, basically, learning is produced when an operant response emitted by the organism is reinforced (Skinner, 1969). (learntolivebetter.org)
  • Each theory will be discussed from its 19th century origin to its standing in the 21st century, and the scientific understanding and societal impact of each will be sampled. (caltech.edu)
  • The course describes subject and methods of Pathophysiology, its place within system of biomedical sciences and history. (coursera.org)
  • Ashi " point theory describes the same physiological phenomenon identified as "trigger points," a phrase coined by Dr Janet Travell 3 and dates to the Tang Dynasty (618-907). (acupuncturetoday.com)
  • The first level ('computational level') describes the input and output to the system, which define the task the system is performing. (oschina.net)
  • Naturopathy is a system of natural medicine which focuses on treating the underlying causes of disease by assessing and treating the patient as a whole. (androgogic.com.au)
  • Through a rigorous journey of inquiry, the Science program guides students in their investigation of natural phenomena and scientific issues to lead them to become scrutinizing and ethical science practitioners. (overlake.org)
  • The interest of the behaviorist in man's doings is more than the interest of the spectator-he wants to control man's reactions as physical scientists want to control and manipulate other natural phenomena. (learntolivebetter.org)
  • It is a natural phenomenon, probably much more annoying for parents than for the baby itself. (depressiontrouble.com)
  • Hiccups are a totally natural phenomenon that does not involve any risk to the baby. (depressiontrouble.com)
  • This will allow you to study and test biological phenomena in their natural environment. (lincoln.ac.uk)
  • Antagonistic Pleiotrophy - The diminishing strength of natural selection after reproduction that results in the accumulation of genes that produce negative effects late in life, with hypertrophy theories being the most recent popular examples. (google.com)
  • In spite of the fact that the high degree of variability in lifespan across species strongly supports the concept that aging is under genetic control, all three of these theories essentially define senescence as beyond direct regulation by natural selection. (google.com)
  • Magendie asserted: "[The] majority of physiological facts must be verified by new experiments and this is the only means of bringing the physics of living bodies out of the state of imperfection in which it lies at present" ( Bulletin des sciences médicales , 4 [1809,] 147). (encyclopedia.com)
  • 2) "dynein is localized in Purkinje cells of cerebellum and axons of central and peripheral nervous systems. (freeservers.com)
  • Examples considered include animal circulatory systems, plant vascular systems, growth, mitochondrial densities, and the concept of a universal molecular clock. (biologists.org)
  • Excessive or dificient digestive fire (agni) in the GIT or in the dhatus and Panch Mahabhootas provides an impression of hyper or hypo metabolism of the body. (exoticindia.com)
  • When parents bring me an autistic child, quite often the first thing they talk about is profuse diarrhea, bloating, reflux, severe constipation, or some other digestive problem. (westonaprice.org)
  • In a portion of patients the digestive problems are not so severe, not so pronounced, but when you start asking direct questions you find the patient has got a digestive disorder or has suffered from a digestive disorder sometime in his or her life. (westonaprice.org)
  • The aging process results in physiological changes that can affect the way our brain functions, including age-related memory lapses, or tip of the tongue phenomena but these are different than actual dementia. (dailypress.com)
  • The notion of physiological division of labor, introduced in the 1820s by the French physiologist Henri Milne-Edwards, allowed to "compare and study living things as if they were machines created by the industry of man. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although ancient Chinese medicine was also influenced adversely by the awe felt for the sanctity of the human body, the Nei Ching, attributed to the emperor Huang-Ti (2698-2598 B.C.), contains a reference to a theory of the circulation of the blood and the vital function of the heart that suggests familiarity with anatomy. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It is also possible to think of the human body as a living system and the endocrine system as a subsystem. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • But body weight or body fat is not an "internally" regulated physiological variable, despite the efforts of some to tie this to the hormone leptin. (gettingstronger.org)
  • The hypothalamus is a constituent of the brain, and is known for maintenance activities (e.g. regulating food consumption, drinking capacities, and body temperature) and for governing the endocrine system via the pituitary gland (linked to emotion). (smore.com)
  • When famined rats lose weight that is under that of their normal or regular state, the system signals the body to restore the lost weight. (smore.com)
  • People talk about the mind and the body as though they're separate things, but really they're part of the same system,' explains Cooper. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • The general theory of acupuncture is based on the premise that there are patterns of energy flow (Qi) through the body that are essential for health. (healthy.net)
  • Human body and its functionings are the subject of biological, physical, and physiological studies. (al-islam.org)
  • A theory of aging is proposed challenging the concept that economic trade-offs between body repair and reproduction are the primary drivers of senescence. (google.com)
  • Over the last fifty years the dearth of adequate answers to this question has lent indirect support to disposable soma theory which proposes that economic cost to reproduction disfavors body-repair, resulting in senescence. (google.com)
  • The digestive system of a dog is very similar to a human one. (studymode.com)
  • These specific systems are widely studied in human anatomy and are also present in many other animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Within the environment there are suprasystems, such as human society, and systems within the suprasystem, such as the educational and industrial systems and the health care delivery system. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • To validate this theory, American physicians redefined normal human sexual behaviour, reproductive anatomy and sexual function in terms of pathology. (historyofcircumcision.net)
  • These specific systems are widely studied in human anatomy. (blogspot.com)
  • "Human" systems are also present in many other animals. (blogspot.com)
  • In this study we explore the possibility that flight-induced muscle damage is a mechanism by which the physiological side-effects of endurance flight influence migration strategies and stopover behaviour. (biologists.org)
  • While the origins of sexual mutilations among prehistoric and primitive peoples is a matter for theory and speculation, the origin and spread of sexual mutilation in American medical practice can be precisely documented. (historyofcircumcision.net)
  • Beyond classic laboratory findings, embodiment theory is also unable to adequately address the basic experiences of cognitive life. (springer.com)
  • Interested in the biological phenomena of life? (herts.ac.uk)
  • Traditional Daoist medicine considers that these three factors and their transformations define the foundation of the movement and the cause of the life phenomenon. (asociacionmexicanadaoista.org)
  • Middle class American physicians readily adopted this theory, but they expanded it to imply that manifestations of sexuality necessarily represented life-threatening losses of vital energy. (historyofcircumcision.net)
  • Life is the most complex physical phenomenon in the Universe, manifesting an extraordinary diversity of form and function over an enormous scale from the largest animals and plants to the smallest microbes and subcellular units. (biologists.org)
  • Life is almost certainly the most complex and diverse physical system in the universe, covering more than 27 orders of magnitude in mass, from the molecules of the genetic code and metabolic process up to whales and sequoias. (biologists.org)
  • Includes how life forms and biological systems originate and from there evolve to become more and more complex, including evolution of genes and memes, into the complex memetics from organisations and multinational corporations and a "global brain", (Yves Decadt, 2000). (blogspot.com)
  • However, in recent years, many experimental results that contradict this concept by demonstrating increased life-span with increased reproductive capacity leaves this question in aging theory unresolved. (google.com)
  • 13. Start studying Anatomy Chapter 03 The integumentary system. (desertdingo.com)
  • Other theories also exist as some variation of the two already mentioned, but what they all have in common is that they define aging as something that takes place within our cells. (dailypress.com)
  • In fact, most biological systems do not self-regulate physiological variables within a narrow range, but tolerate a fairly wide range of variation. (gettingstronger.org)
  • United States courts and several medical organizations reject MCS as a physiological disease. (bionity.com)
  • two living bodies having different organizations will display vital phenomena the diversity of which will always be in direct proportion to the difference in organization" ( op. cit . (encyclopedia.com)
  • The enumeration of the principal functions - and consequently of the systems - remained almost the same since Antiquity, but the classification of them has been very various, e.g., compare Aristotle, Bichat, Cuvier. (wikipedia.org)
  • Second, the origin of viscera-state theory Third, viscera-state theory and the theory of Yin-yang and the five-elements Then, we will talk about the five systems of viscera-state theory Finally, we will introduce the determination of visceral functions We have a doubt: what are the differences between viscera and viscera state? (coursera.org)