Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete interleukin-2, gamma-interferon, and interleukin-12. Due to their ability to kill antigen-presenting cells and their lymphokine-mediated effector activity, Th1 cells are associated with vigorous delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Subset of helper-effector T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete IL-17, IL-17F, and IL-22. These cytokines are involved in host defenses and tissue inflammation in autoimmune diseases.
Communication between CELL PHONE users via the Short Message Service protocol which allows the interchange of short written messages.
An ancient civilization, known as early as 2000 B.C. The Persian Empire was founded by Cyrus the Great (550-529 B.C.) and for 200 years, from 550 to 331 B.C., the Persians ruled the ancient world from India to Egypt. The territory west of India was called Persis by the Greeks who later called the entire empire Persia. In 331 B.C. the Persian wars against the Greeks ended disastrously under the counterattacks by Alexander the Great. The name Persia in modern times for the modern country was changed to Iran in 1935. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p546 & Asimov, Words on the Map, 1962, p176)
Residential treatment centers for individuals with leprosy.
The distinctly human attributes and attainments of a particular society.
Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.
The study of the development of an organism during the embryonic and fetal stages of life.
The study of disease in prehistoric times as revealed in bones, mummies, and archaeologic artifacts.
Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.
Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.
Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)
An acquired blood vessel disorder caused by severe deficiency of vitamin C (ASCORBIC ACID) in the diet leading to defective collagen formation in small blood vessels. Scurvy is characterized by bleeding in any tissue, weakness, ANEMIA, spongy gums, and a brawny induration of the muscles of the calves and legs.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Books containing photographs, prints, drawings, portraits, plates, diagrams, facsimiles, maps, tables, or other representations or systematic arrangement of data designed to elucidate or decorate its contents. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p114)
The act or ceremony of putting a corpse into the ground or a vault, or into the sea; or the inurnment of CREMAINS.
The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with "undesirable" phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)
A medical specialty concerned with the study of the structures, functions, and diseases of the nervous system.
Use of sophisticated analysis tools to sort through, organize, examine, and combine large sets of information.
An acute infectious disease caused by YERSINIA PESTIS that affects humans, wild rodents, and their ectoparasites. This condition persists due to its firm entrenchment in sylvatic rodent-flea ecosystems throughout the world. Bubonic plague is the most common form.
Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.
Bodies preserved either by the ancient Egyptian technique or due to chance under favorable climatic conditions.
A body of stories, the origins of which may be unknown or forgotten, that serve to explain practices, beliefs, institutions or natural phenomena. Mythology includes legends and folk tales. It may refer to classical mythology or to a body of modern thought and modern life. (From Webster's 1st ed)
The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.
The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.
The period of history from 1601 of the common era to the present.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
Beliefs and practices concerned with producing desired results through supernatural forces or agents as with the manipulation of fetishes or rituals.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.
Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The rigid framework of connected bones that gives form to the body, protects and supports its soft organs and tissues, and provides attachments for MUSCLES.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
The separation or resolution of the psyche into its constituent elements. The term has two separate meanings: 1. a procedure devised by Sigmund Freud, for investigating mental processes by means of free association, dream interpretation and interpretation of resistance and transference manifestations; and 2. a theory of psychology developed by Freud from his clinical experience with hysterical patients. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996).
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
A group comprised of several species of eared seals found in two genera, in the family Otariidae. In comparison to SEA LIONS, they have an especially dense wooly undercoat.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of bacteria, and BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.
Study of coins, tokens, medals, etc. However, it usually refers to medals pertaining to the history of medicine.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.
The study of religion and religious belief, or a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings (from online Cambridge Dictionary of American English, 2000 and WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database, 1997)
A phenomenon that is observed when a small subgroup of a larger POPULATION establishes itself as a separate and isolated entity. The subgroup's GENE POOL carries only a fraction of the genetic diversity of the parental population resulting in an increased frequency of certain diseases in the subgroup, especially those diseases known to be autosomal recessive.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
A research and development program initiated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE to build knowledge sources for the purpose of aiding the development of systems that help health professionals retrieve and integrate biomedical information. The knowledge sources can be used to link disparate information systems to overcome retrieval problems caused by differences in terminology and the scattering of relevant information across many databases. The three knowledge sources are the Metathesaurus, the Semantic Network, and the Specialist Lexicon.
A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.
An acute, highly contagious, often fatal infectious disease caused by an orthopoxvirus characterized by a biphasic febrile course and distinctive progressive skin eruptions. Vaccination has succeeded in eradicating smallpox worldwide. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.
Societies having institutional membership limited to hospitals and other health care institutions.
A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)
The study and practice of medicine by direct examination of the patient.
Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.
A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.
Inflammation of the periosteum. The condition is generally chronic, and is marked by tenderness and swelling of the bone and an aching pain. Acute periostitis is due to infection, is characterized by diffuse suppuration, severe pain, and constitutional symptoms, and usually results in necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.
Unlawful act of taking property.
Homeostatic control of the immune system by secretion of different cytokines by the Th1 and Th2 cells. The concentration dependent binding of the various cytokines to specific receptors determines the balance (or imbalance leading to disease).
Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.
A concept that stands for or suggests something else by reason of its relationship, association, convention, or resemblance. The symbolism may be mental or a visible sign or representation. (From Webster, 3d ed)
All deaths reported in a given population.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
A plant species of the genus CITRUS, family RUTACEAE that provides the familiar lime fruit. Its common name of lime is similar to the limetree (TILIA).
The field of biology which deals with the process of the growth and differentiation of an organism.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).
Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
A monotheistic religion promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed with Allah as the deity.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Use for general articles concerning medical education.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
An induced skin pigment (MELANIN) darkening after exposure to SUNLIGHT or ULTRAVIOLET RAYS. The degree of tanning depends on the intensity and duration of UV exposure, and genetic factors.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
A subfamily of the Old World monkeys, CERCOPITHECIDAE. They inhabit the forests and savannas of Africa. This subfamily contains the following genera: CERCOCEBUS; CERCOPITHECUS; ERYTHROCEBUS; MACACA; PAPIO; and THEROPITHECUS.
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
An infant during the first month after birth.
The etiologic agent of PLAGUE in man, rats, ground squirrels, and other rodents.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity.
A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
Controlled vocabulary thesaurus produced by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. It consists of sets of terms naming descriptors in a hierarchical structure that permits searching at various levels of specificity.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
The study of the heart, its physiology, and its functions.
Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.
Terms or expressions which provide the major means of access by subject to the bibliographic unit.
Authoritative treatises on drugs and preparations, their description, formulation, analytic composition, physical constants, main chemical properties used in identification, standards for strength, purity, and dosage, chemical tests for determining identity and purity, etc. They are usually published under governmental jurisdiction (e.g., USP, the United States Pharmacopoeia; BP, British Pharmacopoeia; P. Helv., the Swiss Pharmacopoeia). They differ from FORMULARIES in that they are far more complete: formularies tend to be mere listings of formulas and prescriptions.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.
volume= has extra text (help) Nicolle, David; McBride, Angus (2001). The Moors & The Islamic West. 7th-15th Centuries AD. ... Arrighi, Giovanni (2010). The Long Twentieth Century. Verso. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-84467-304-9. Barton, Simon (2004). A History of ... However, after Portugal opened direct trade routes to Sub-Saharan Africa by sea in the 15th century, Granada became less ... From the ninth to the tenth century, under the Caliphate of Córdoba, the region was one of the most prosperous and advanced in ...
volume= has extra text (help) "Oral-History:Murray Eden". ethw.org. Retrieved 11 December 2019. "Dr. Evan, SAS & Wharton". ... iv, 204.. Braudel, Fernand (1992). Civilization and Capitalism, 15th-18th Century. Vol. 2: The Wheels of Commerce. Translated ... volume= has extra text (help)CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) Nevin, Bruce E.; Stephen B. Johnson (eds.) (2002b). The ... volume= has extra text (help)CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) Nevin, Bruce E. (2010). "More concerning the roots of ...
15th centuries. Volume 3 of Al-Hind Series. BRILL. ISBN 9004135618. Retrieved 24 April 2014. ,volume= has extra text (help) ... Robb, P. (2001), A History of India, London: Palgrave, p. 80, ISBN 978-0-333-69129-8 Stein, B. (16 June 1998), A History of ... In the 18th century, Mughal power had become severely limited. By the mid-18th century, the Marathas had routed Mughal armies ... Islam in South Asia: A Short History. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2008. Murray Thurston Titus, Indian Islam: A Religious History ...
... these are original from the 15th century. History of timekeeping devices Ljunghoff 1948, p. 2. Mogensen 2008, p. 135. Mogensen ... The text around Saint Lawrence is a Swedish translation of four verses from Psalm 90. The corners of the calendar board are ... The clock has also been assumed to be from the first decades of the 15th century on stylistic grounds. It was previously ... is a 15th-century astronomical clock in Lund Cathedral. Mentioned in written sources for the first time in 1442, it was ...
12th to 15th centuries); the linguistics of utterance; and history of the French language. Her literary work is mainly ... text and translation Michèle Perret, Paris, Champion, 2003, 340 p. L'énonciation en grammaire du texte, Paris, Nathan (128), ...
Civilisation and Capitalism 15th-18th Century. vol. II. New York: Harper & Row. ,volume= has extra text (help) Braudel, Fernand ... volume= has extra text (help) Pankhurst, Richard K. P. (1968). Economic History of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa: Haile Selassie I ... "The hundred of Banbury , British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 2020-05-12. "Salt Way Activity Group , ... By the 14th century, at Wieliczka near Kraków, Braudel reports that peasant extraction of salt from brine evaporated in large ...
Armenian Historical Sources of the 5th-15th Centuries (Selected Works). Robert Bedrosian's Homepage. Retrieved 2009-07-20. CS1 ... A History of the Crusades - Volume II.: The Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Frankish East: 1100-1187. Cawley, Charles (2009-04-01 ... Vahram (2008-09-10). "Chronicle". Text Archive. Internet Archive. Retrieved 2009-07-20. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link ... Smbat Sparapet: Chronicle Thoros, weary after nearly quarter of a century of rule and warfare, abdicated in favor of his young ...
Smbat Sparapet (Sempad the Constable) (2005). "Chronicle". History Workshop: Armenian Historical Sources of the 5th-15th ... Centuries (Selected Works). Robert Bedrosian's Homepage. Retrieved 2009-07-26. Van Cleve, Thomas C. The Fifth Crusade. Edwards ... Vahram (2008-09-10). "Chronicle". Text Archive. Internet Archive. Retrieved 2009-07-26. ... A History of the Crusades - Volume III.: The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades. Cawley, Charles (2009-04-01), Lords of the ...
A History of Engraving & Etching From the 15th Century to the Year 1914. Dover Publications. p. 108. ISBN 9780486209548. ... Attribution: This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Bryan, Michael (1889). "Lautensack, ... ISBN 9780195334661.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) Hind, Arthur M. (1963). ...
A History of Engraving & Etching From the 15th Century to the Year 1914. Dover Publications. p. 82. ISBN 9780486209548. ... ISBN 9780195334661.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) Hind, Arthur M. (1963). ... His donor figures are often painted completely out of scale with the main scene, as in paintings of the previous centuries. He ... Works by Altdorfer at Zeno.org Albrecht Altdorfer in the "History of Art" Albrecht Altdorfer Wallpapers Page at artcyclopedia. ...
14th and 15th centuries. British History Online. Retrieved 28 May 2013. This article incorporates text from this source, which ... British History Online. Retrieved 28 May 2013. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. ... Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: the full text of the Letter-Books, as reproduced in volumes in 1899, at British ... On the flyleaf of Letter-Book E, the following statement is written in a hand of the sixteenth century: Memorand' that this ...
... the 14th-15th-century astronomer of Kerala" (PDF). Indian Journal of History of Science. 38 (1): 43-57. Archived from the ... "An example of the secant method of iterative approximation in a fifteenth-century Sanskrit text", Historia Mathematica 23 (3): ... ISBN 978-0-387-31022-0. (PDF version) O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Parameshvara Nambudiri", MacTutor History of ... Indian Journal of History of Science. 15 (1): 79-93. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 March 2012. David Pingree, Biography ...
Early dating According to some scholars, Indian theatre emerged in the 15th century BC. Vedic text such as Rigveda provides ... History of the Theatre. Ninth edition, International edition. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. ISBN 0-205-41050-2. Baumer, Rachel Van M ... This would be as early as the 5th century BCE, but the event is only described in much later texts, from the 3rd-4th centuries ... Panini in 5th century BC mentions a dramatic text Natasutra written by two Indian dramatists Shilalin and Krishashva. Patanjali ...
Palestinian affairs in the 11th century. Egyptian affairs and personalities (10th-15th centuries). Documents concerning the ... Jacob Mann (1972). Texts and Studies in Jewish History and Literature: Documents concerning European Jewry. Geonica. ... 20th-century Immanuel Jakobovits, Chief Rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregations of the Commonwealth, cites 17th-century Moses ... From the third century onwards, the circumstances of more and more rabbis continued to change, with many taking on formal ...
Bihar was likely inserted before the 15th-century, because the Gaya-mahatmya was referenced many times by the 15th-century ... The text, like all Puranas, has likely gone through revisions, additions and interpolations over its history. Rajendra Hazra, ... but with continuous revisions over the centuries, the original text became two different texts, and the Vayaviya text came also ... The comparison of the two texts and specifics within the texts suggests, states Hazra, that the split into two texts could not ...
Bujangga Manik, an Old Sundanese literature dated from circa late 15th century to early 16th century. It is a travelogue of ... The comparatively short text of 32 folio-size pages (1126 lines) contains the history of the kings of Singhasari and Majapahit ... 13th to 15th century). The doctrine advocate for the oneness of dharma and promote religious tolerance between Shivaist and ... to Majapahit period circa 10th to 15th century Java. Notable examples include Kakawin Ramayana, Kakawin Bhāratayuddha, Kakawin ...
The Local and Social History collection includes objects, ephemera, oral history and photographs from 18th century to the ... The collection also holds half a million insects (including butterflies) and a library of 14,000 natural history texts. The ... The Fine Art Collection comprises sculpture, paintings, mixed media, prints and drawings from 15th - 20th century. There are ... A drinking beaker from the local history collection made from horn, dating from the early 19th century. Around this time ...
15th century). In the Palestine Pilgrims' Text Society (PPTS) library, Volumes VII-X. William Wey. William Wey (c. 1407 - 1476 ... Kerr, R. (181124). A general history of voyages and travels to the end of the 18th century. Edinburgh: J. Ballantyne & Co.. ... et XV (1874). Descriptions of the Holy Land from the 8th through 15th centuries, compiled and edited by T. Tobler. Accounts ... By the 3rd century, pilgrimages to the Holy Land had begun and the search for relics started in the 4th century by Saint Helena ...
Much of the text was lost during the Ōnin and Bunmei Wars in the late 15th century. Of the original 40 volumes, only ten ... Ruijū Kokushi, a categorized and chronological history text of the Six National Histories; valuable resource in recreating the ... is an officially commissioned Japanese history text. Completed in 840, it is the third volume in the Six National Histories. It ... The text is characteristic in that it contains criticism of emperors and officials as well as poetry. ...
Several earlier royal chroniclers had written texts describing the 13th-15th century history of the Delhi Sultanate. For ... Yahya bin Ahmad Sirhindi was a 15th century Indian chronicler who wrote Tarikh-i-Mubarak Shahi, a Persian language chronicle of ... Jagadish Narayan Sarkar (1977). History of History Writing in Medieval India. Ratna Prakashan. OCLC 905677470. Khaliq Ahmad ... His work is a regional history, generally limited to military and political events. For example, Yahya omitted the economic ...
volume= has extra text (help) Wink, André (2004). Indo-Islamic society: 14th - 15th centuries. Volume 3 of Al-Hind Series. ... volume= has extra text (help) Lucman, Norodin Alonto (2000). Moro Archives: A History of Armed Conflicts in Mindanao and East ... volume= has extra text (help) Zaide, Gregorio F. (1979). The Pageant of Philippine History: Political, Economic, and Socio- ... volume= has extra text (help) Reid, Anthony; Alilunas-Rodgers, Kristine, eds. (1996). Sojourners and Settlers: Histories of ...
Scrivener dated the manuscript to the 14th or 15th century, Gregory to the 14th century. It has been assigned by the INTF to ... the 14th century. Of the history of the codex nothing is known until 1864, when it was in the possession of a dealer at Janina ... The text is written in Greek minuscule letters, in one column per page, 21 lines per page. According to Scrivener the ... Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 14th century.Scrivener labelled it by 247evl. The manuscript has complex contents ...
Petersburg, 1905, ed., Academy of Sciences); "From the history of Slavic manuscripts of the 15th-17th centuries in Moldavia and ... Petersburg, 1906); "From the history of Slavic sermons in Moldavia" (St. Petersburg, 1906); "Small texts and notes about old ... Texts and notes. I-V"(Moscow, 1898); "Slavonic and Russian Manuscripts in Romanian Libraries" (St. ... was a Russian philologist-slavistic and a specialist in history of Romania and Moldavia. He was one of the authors of the ...
... it is an important source for Armenia and Georgia in the late 14th and early 15th centuries. The classical Armenian text was ... Timur's invasions of Georgia Turkoman invasions of Georgia Robert Bedrosian (1987). T'ovma Metsobets'i's History of Tamerlane ... Armenian Historical Sources of the 5-15th Centuries (Selected Works). Retrieved on January 11, 2008. English translation of the ... What we know of Thomas's life comes from a biography written by his student Kirakos Banaser and from a number of 15th-century ...
The Hilandar, Bistrica and Prizren manuscripts, which have the most complete texts, date to the 15th century. The Rakovac ... Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) Bubalo, Đorđe (2013). "A prolusion on the history of the text of Dušan's Code". Zbornik ... Soloviev, Alexander Selected Monuments of Serbian Law from the 12th to 15th centuries (1926) Legislation of Stefan Dušan, ... The second part, the Law of Justinian, was actually a shortened version of the 8th-century Farmer's Law, a code settling ...
volume= has extra text (help) Pfeiffer, Judith (2014). Politics, Patronage and the Transmission of Knowledge in 13th - 15th ... Previté-Orton, C. W. (1978) [1952]. Cambridge Medieval History, Shorter. Volume 2: The Twelfth Century to the Renaissance. ... volume= has extra text (help) Natho, Kadir I. (2009). Circassian History. Bloomington, IN: Xlibris Corporation. p. 72. ISBN ... Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History. 41 (4): 418. Babb, J. (2018). A World History of Political ...
Scrivener dated the manuscript to the 14th or 15th century. Gregory dated it to the 14th century. It has been assigned by the ... Of the history of the codex ℓ 315 nothing is known until 1864, when it was in the possession of a dealer at Janina in Epeiros. ... Scrivener collated its text. It was held in London (Burdett-Coutts III. 42). The current location and owner of the codex are ... The manuscript was lost at the beginning of the 20th century. The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts ...
The parish church dates mainly to the 15th Century but has some 12th and 13th Century remnants. In a roundel, Arnold depicts ... In one light, Arnold depicts Christ in Gethsemane with an angel and includes the text "Not my will, but thine be done". In the ... Church of the Holy Cross in Crediton, Devon - In 1913 Arnold designed windows that reflected the church's history. ... It is entitled "Justice, Wisdom, Reverence and Love". The text around the window reads- "The path of the just is as the shining ...
Early Illustrated Books: A History of the Decoration and Illustration of Books in the 15th and 16th Centuries, 1927. The ... Shakespeare's Fight with the Pirates and the Problems of the Transmission of His Text, 1917. The Foundations of Shakespeare's ... Last words on the history of the title-page, with notes on some colophons and twenty-seven fac-similes of title-pages, 1891. ... and a collection of Fifteenth Century Poetry and Prose. With Gilbert Richard Redgrave, he edited the STC, or A short-title ...
The surviving literary text of Reamker dated back to 16th century. This Reamker text was composed by at least three unknown ... no literary work prior to 15th century has survived but numerous stone inscriptions or epigraphs have been preserved. From 15th ... The second part of Reamker was composed in 18th century deals specifically with the later history of Rama and Sita. This part ... On the other hand, the surviving text of Reamker dated in 16th century. Intricate carvings on the walls of Angkor Wat depict a ...
15th-century English women. *16th-century English nobility. *16th-century English women ... Buck, George (1619). The History of the Life and Reigne of Richard the Third. London: Creative Media Partners, LLC. p. 36.. ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ... Seward, Desmond (1995). The Wars of the Roses: And the Lives of Five Men and Women in the Fifteenth Century. Constable. ISBN 0- ...
... built in the 14th century, line the banks of the Vistula.[33] In the 15th century the city of Gdańsk gained great importance in ... Geological history[edit]. The history of the River Vistula and its valley spans over 2 million years. The river is connected to ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ... History of floods on the River Vistula History of floods on the River Vistula (Hydrological Sciences Journal) ...
has extra text (help). *. Wilson, Peter H. (2016). The Holy Roman Empire: A Thousand Years of Europe's History. London: Penguin ... Until the 15th century the elected emperor was crowned and anointed by the Pope in Rome, among some exceptions in Ravenna, ... Main article: 18th-century history of Germany. Prussia and AustriaEdit. Further information: Austria-Prussia rivalry, Kingdom ... By the end of the 15th century the Empire was still in theory composed of three major blocks - Italy, Germany, and Burgundy - ...
Command history[edit]. Edwin V. Sumner March 13, 1862 - October 7, 1862 ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ... For the II Corps of the United States Army during the 20th - 21st Centuries, see II Corps (United States). ... such as 15th Massachusetts, once elite outfits. ... making one of the most interesting episodes in the history of ...
... appeared in the 17th century through 19th century, meant to vindicate the history, language, people, and culture of Galicia.[32 ... The linguistic stage from the 13th to the 15th centuries is usually known as Galician-Portuguese (or Old Portuguese, or Old ... Dialectal divergences are observable between the northern and southern forms of Galician-Portuguese in 13th-century texts but ... This led, from the late 15th century on, to the end of legal documents in Galician; the last ones were issued around 1530.[30] ...
Publishing, DK (15 September 2015). Queen Elizabeth II and the Royal Family: A Glorious Illustrated History. DK Publishing. p. ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ... Colonel-in-Chief of the Yorkshire Regiment (14th/15th, 19th and 33rd/76th Foot)[123] ... Dukes of York and Albany (18th century). *George (1892-1910). *Albert (1920-1936) ...
15th century. *Abu Sa'id al-Afif. *Muhammad Ali Astarabadi. *Husayni Isfahani. *Burhan-ud-din Kermani ... Finger, Stanley (1994), Origins of Neuroscience: A History of Explorations Into Brain Function, Oxford University Press, p. 70 ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ... Abu al-Qasim Ammar ibn Ali al-Mawsili was an important eleventh-century Arab Muslim ophthalmologist. Despite little being known ...
... described as a mudra in the Hatha Yoga Pradipika and other classical texts on haṭha yoga.[4] Hemacandra's 11th century ... A History of Modern Yoga. *2005 Positioning Yoga. *2010 Yoga Body. *The Subtle Body ... the 19th century Sritattvanidhi uses the name Śīrṣāsana as well as Kapālāsana.[6] The Malla Purana, a 13th-century manual for ... This article contains Indic text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks or boxes, misplaced vowels or ...
Brief historyEdit. Further information: Open-source software § History, and History of free and open-source software ... In a paper from the 15th Annual Congress of the European Economic Association on the open-source movement, the incentives of ... OpenTechComm is a program that is dedicated to "open access, open use, and open edits- text book or pedagogical resource that ... The expansion of f/oss movement discourse in the 21st century". Journal of Information Technology and Politics. 8 (3).. [ ...
... is a medical text written beginning in the 2nd century BCE and compiled in the 3rd century.[28] ... Distinguishable from history of previous illness, often called past medical history (PMH). Medical history comprises HPI and ... The major shift in medical thinking was the gradual rejection, especially during the Black Death in the 14th and 15th centuries ... Throughout history and in Europe right until the late 18th century, not only animal and plant products were used as medicine, ...
15th century in literature. *15th Field Artillery Regiment (Canada). *16th century in Wales ... Lang,la,text in Latin language here}}. , which wraps the text with ,span lang="la",. . Also available is {{Lang-la,text in ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ... This category contains articles with Latin-language text. The primary purpose of these categories is to facilitate manual or ...
HistoryEdit. Main article: History of Ohio State University. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. ( ... In the last quarter century,[clarification needed] 32 Ohio State faculty members have received the Guggenheim Fellowship, more ... Wikisource has the text of a 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article about Ohio State University. ... Michael V. Drake, former chancellor of the University of California, Irvine, became the 15th president of the Ohio State ...
... as practiced today may have originated in Germany during the 15th century, when it was used in attempts to find metals ... Part II: a case-study on dowsing and the naturalisation of the moral, 1685-1710". Studies in History and Philosophy of ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ... In the lead-mining area of the Mendip Hills in Somerset in the 17th century the natural philosopher Robert Boyle, inspired by ...
Casale became a free municipality and from the 15th century to the 16th century was the capital of the Palaiologos. Then the ... HistoryEdit. The fortified town from an engraving of 1745. On the left the river Po, and to the right the star-shaped ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ... The 15th-century Palazzo Treviso, in Via Trevigi, was restructured on behalf of Anne d'Alençon before being given to the ...
Drawings by German artist Albrecht Dürer established the popular image of the breed in the 15th and 16th centuries. Further ... "History of the Bichon Frise". Bichon Frise Club of America, Inc. Archived from the original on 13 April 2016. Retrieved 22 ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ... Early 19th century: from German Pudel(hund), from Low German pud(d)eln 'splash in water' (the poodle being a water-dog).. ...
a b David A. King (2002). "A Vetustissimus Arabic Text on the Quadrans Vetus", Journal for the History of Astronomy 33, p. 237- ... The Nesri Tarihi in the 15th century states that the Ottoman army were regularly using guns and cannons from at least 1421-1422 ... "History of Science and Technology in Islam. Dicapai 2008-03-29.. *^ Sarton, George, Introduction to the History of Science. (cf ... David A. King (2002). "A Vetustissimus Arabic Text on the Quadrans Vetus", Journal for the History of Astronomy 33, p. 237-255 ...
... probably set near the end of the 15th century and told by Sir Harry 'Hal' Dawe. ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ... by people magically plucked out of history by the elf Puck, or told by Puck himself. (Puck, who refers to himself as "the ... A story which introduces a new narrator, a Roman soldier named Parnesius, born and stationed in Britain in the 4th century. He ...
The ability of palladium to absorb hydrogen was recognized as early as the nineteenth century by Thomas Graham.[17][18] In the ... Conventional deuteron fusion is a two-step process,[text 6] in which an unstable high energy intermediary is formed:. D + D → 4 ... COLD FUSION - The history of research in Italy (2009) PDF 8.7Mb In the foreword by the president of ENEA the belief is ... ENEA hosted the 15th cold fusion conference.[89][101] ... References with quotations or other additional text. *^ Taubes ...
The Bolinao Skull is a skull dated between the 14th and 15th centuries A.D. recovered in the Balingasay archeological site in ... HistoryEdit. Folk etymology attributes the name "Bolinao" or this remote fishing enclave from the fish piece "monamon" but ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ... Two centuries later, an account[specify][who?] narrates the arrival of Juan de Salcedo and his crew reached Bolinao and chanced ...
So far the oldest known text documenting its use was written in the late 15th century by the Tibetan doctor Zurkhar Nyamnyi ... O. sinensis is classified as a medicinal mushroom, and its use has a long history in traditional Chinese medicine as well as ... The name was first recorded in the 15th century by the Tibetan doctor Zurkhar Namnyi Dorje. In colloquial Tibetan yartsa gunbu ... Strangely, sometimes in Chinese English-language texts Cordyceps sinensis is referred to as aweto, which is the Māori name for ...
History. Making pasta; illustration from the 15th century edition of Tacuinum Sanitatis, a Latin translation of the Arabic work ... The geographical text of Muhammad al-Idrisi, compiled for the Norman King of Sicily Roger II in 1154 mentions itriyya ... "History of Pasta". Retrieved 29 March 2012.. *^ Tracey, Michael. "The Origin and History of Pasta where Pasta comes from". ... History of manufacturing. At the beginning of the 17th century, Naples had rudimentary machines for producing pasta, later ...
... with the explorer Sir Richard Burton suggesting the plant was later introduced to Yemen from Ethiopia in the 15th century.[38] ... This article contains Ethiopic text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols ... Kiple, Kenneth F.; Ornelas, Kriemhild Coneè (2001). The Cambridge World History of Food. Cambridge University Press. pp. 672-3 ... HistoryEdit. According to some sources, khat was first grown in Ethiopia,[37] ...
For the 15th-century Antipope, see Antipope John XXIII.. Pope John XXIII (Latin: Ioannes; Italian: Giovanni; born Angelo ... Texts for the Liturgy of the Hours for the Optional Memorial of St. John XXIII (Latin - English tr. still not published). ... Martin, Malachi (1972), Three Popes and the Cardinal: The Church of Pius, John and Paul in its Encounter with Human History', ... Bokenkotter, Thomas (2005). A Concise History of the Catholic Church. New York: Image. p. 413. ISBN 0-385-51613-4.. ...
1 Migration history *1.1 Early history. *1.2 After independence. *1.3 Early immigration: 15th-18th centuries ... has extra text (help). *. Logan, William Stewart (2000). Hanoi: Biography of a City. UNSW Press. ISBN 0868404438. . Retrieved ... Wu Rui, Hainanese eunuch in 15th century Lê Dynasty Đại Việt (modern Vietnam) during Emperor Le Thanh Tong's rule at the ... Migration history[edit]. Early history[edit]. Main article: Southward expansion of the Han dynasty ...
It is composed of several cylindrical towers and dates to the 15th century. ... Throughout its history, La Pedriza's complex of caves was used as a hideout by exiles and by those seeking shelter during times ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ... It dates to the 14th century and an expansion during the 16th century. Although at one time in disrepair, the castle was ...
By the end of the 15th century, larger representations, other than the Throne of Mercy, became effectively standardised, ... "Creeds of Christendom, with a History and Critical notes. Volume I. The History of Creeds. - Christian Classics Ethereal ... also text with Greek letters transliterated and text omitting two sentences at the start of the paragraph that it presents as ... For 'person', seeRichard De Smet, A Short History of the Person, available in Brahman and Person: Essays by Richard De Smet, ed ...
Lipski, John M. (2005). A History of Afro-Hispanic Language: Five Centuries, Five Continents. Cambridge University Press. ISBN ... The coastline of the modern state is not quite coterminous with what the 15th- and 16th-century merchants knew as the "Teeth" ... Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook. *Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the United States ... Originally, Portuguese and French merchant-explorers in the 15th and 16th centuries divided the west coast of Africa, very ...
... with numbers remaining at 10,000-12,000 through most of the 15th and 16th centuries.[84] ... "Essays in History. Virginia: Corcoran Department of History at the University of Virginia. 33. Archived from the original on 28 ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ... In Bristol the port began to develop in the 11th century.[81] By the 12th century Bristol was an important port, handling much ...
The 13th century CE, to the 15th century CE, saw the emergence of numerous Virashaiva and Brahminical writers with a ... Some well-known works of history are Maisururajara-charitre, Chikkadevarajavamsavali (17th century), Keladinripavijaya by ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ... Dedicating the work to his patron king, Thimmanna called it Krishnaraya Bharata.[45] In the 15th century, Narahari wrote the ...
General 20th-century US histories, such as the 10-volume Great Epochs in American History, published in 1912, used short ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ... Rush later described some early cases: On August 7, he treated a young man for headaches, fever and vomiting, and on the 15th ... Brown, Marion E. (March 1, 1950). "Adam Kuhn: Eighteenth Century Physician and Teacher". Journal of the History of Medicine and ...
Melrose: Scottish History Society. pp. II, vol 6, Item 100. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the ... Wilson, Robert (1841). The History of Hawick. Hawick: Robert Armstrong. pp. 373-388. This article incorporates text from this ... "History Of Parliament 1558-1603". HIstory of Parliament Online. Bain1 1894, p. vol 1 99. "Parish Registers St Olave York". ... p. vol 11, 329.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the ...
volume= has extra text (help) Nicolle, David; McBride, Angus (2001). The Moors & The Islamic West. 7th-15th Centuries AD. ... Arrighi, Giovanni (2010). The Long Twentieth Century. Verso. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-84467-304-9. Barton, Simon (2004). A History of ... However, after Portugal opened direct trade routes to Sub-Saharan Africa by sea in the 15th century, Granada became less ... From the ninth to the tenth century, under the Caliphate of Córdoba, the region was one of the most prosperous and advanced in ...
Civilization and Capitalism, 15th-18th Century. Translated by Siân Reynolds. 3 vols. New York: Harper, 1982-1984. ... The Histories of Polybius. Translated from the text of Friedrich Hultsch by Evelyn S. Shuckburgh. 2 vols. London and New York: ... In the eighteenth century, Giambattista Vico (1668-1744) divided history into three ages in his New Science (1725): the age of ... theory of cycles in the history of art in his Lives of the Artists (1550 and 1568). Vasari viewed the history of art as a long ...
If literatures biggest romantics could text QUIZ: How dateable would you be in the 15th century? ... Home → SparkNotes → History Study Guides → The Declaration of Independence (1776) → List of Abuses and Usurpations ... The history of Parliaments acts unfolded over a period of 13 years during which royal attempts to squash the civil liberties ... its listing of the abuses and usurpation effectively covers the history of the King and Parliaments attempts to gain more ...
Church-State Relations in 14th and 15th Centuries Texts. 7 Treaties. General. Treaties: Internal Russian Treaties. Treaties ... Legal History, International Law, Medieval History, History, General, History, History, Slavic and Eurasian Studies, Literature ... General History and History of Law Medieval Law An Outline of the Constitutional History of Russia During the Era of the ... The Physical Stage of Early Russian History. The Eastern Slav Tribes in the 10th Century. Russias Multi-Ethnic Past in Ancient ...
The iconography, which prominently features the fish-legged oba motif, honors the 15th-century ruler Oba Ewuare. ... Descriptive special exhibition text, Benin: Kings and Rituals. Exhibition, Publication and Ownership Histories ... Exhibition, Publication and Ownership Histories. Exhibition History. Art Institute of Chicago, Heads of State, Seats of Power, ... Publication History. Evan Maurer, "A Carved Ivory Tusk from Benin," Bulletin of the Art Institute of Chicago 71, 3 (1976), pp. ...
This course takes a broad look at different texts spanning from the late 15th century to the present day. We will study these ... History in Practice (HI4518) 30 Credit Points. History is not simply a dry, academic study of the past; it shapes a host of ... Why History. *Ranked top University in Scotland for the impact of its History research, and second in the UK in the latest UK ... Making History (HI1027) 15 Credit Points. This course will introduce students to the subject of university level history. Team ...
Members of the dynasty reigned also in Hungary and Bohemia in the 15th-16th centuries.. ... Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. ... Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. ...
Many of the resources are full-text. Coverage includes many classical texts ranging from the 12th to the 20th century. ... America: History and Life (EBSCO) A database focusing on the History of the U.S. and Canada. This database includes scholarly ... European prints from 15th-19th centuries); The Mellon International Dunhuang Archive of Chinese art; The MOMA Architecture and ... Many of the resources are full-text. Coverage includes many classical texts ranging from the 12th to the 20th century. ...
Created in China and revolutionizing society there, the press was further developed in Europe in the 15th Century. When Was ... ... The printing press is a device that allows for the mass production of uniform printed matter, mainly text in the form of books ... Though the 13th-century Italian explorer Marco Polo may have been the first Western European to leave a detailed chronicle of ... 8 Parties So Wild They Made It Into History Books. 1. Few civilizations knew how to tie one on better than the Egyptians. ...
In the 15th century text the name of the bird is written as rabiforçado. The modern Spanish word for a frigatebird is ... History and etymology[edit]. Christopher Columbus encountered magnificent frigatebirds when passing the Cape Verde Islands on ... The modern name Frigate Bird was used in 1738 by the English naturalist and illustrator Eleazar Albin in his A Natural History ... Albin, Eleazar (1738). A Natural History of the Birds. Volume 3. p. 75 and plate 80 on previous page.. ...
Old English words used in Text Memorials of London and London Life in the 13th, 14th and 15th Centuries ... Old English words used in text A LIST OF OLD ENGLISH WORDS, or WORDS USED AS SUCH, FOUND IN THE LATIN OR FRENCH TEXT OF THE ... A History of the County of Hampshire: Volume 4 Parishes Sherfield English SHERFIELD ENGLISH Sirefelle (xi cent.); ... (xvi cent ... A History of the County of Gloucester: Volume 5, Bledisloe Hundred, St. Briavels Hundred, the Forest of Dean ...
Text in Italian. A history of the art of printing in Mantova, Italy, from the 15th through the 17th centuries. Preface by the ... Text in Latin. Octavo volume bound in contemporary vellum, with a brown numbered label on spine. An early 18th century ... A History of the Florentine Firm and a Catalogue of the Editions. This ambitious project explores in detail the history and ... Text in Italian, with articles in French, German, and English. Volume II, Transmission of Printed Texts in the Modern Era. 2nd ...
Arguing that the golden age of letter writing was between the 15th and early 20th centuries, he explains, presumably to ... Written in History: Letters that Changed the World. ... Written in History: Letters that Changed the World underlines ... texting, sexting, and blogging." ... of letter writing was between the 15th and early 20th centuries ... Written in History: Letters that Changed the World. Arguing that the golden age ...
... spanning the 15th to 20th centuries, it also enables researchers to trace the history and culture of European civilization ... The majority of texts are in Latin, English and German, although there are also selected items in French, Italian, Portuguese, ... a sixteenth-century city judge and rector who spoke out against the cruelty and injustice of the persecutions in the 1580s. ...
Imagine that MRI scans existed in the 14th and 15th centuries. Would Frederick III have been compelled to outlaw printing ... it feels incomplete when I try to apply it to my own process of reading a book or other physical form of text vs. text in a ... Then again, as a devotee of audio books, I wonder what areas of my brain are sparking up as I read a perhaps wordy history I ... to make predictions of the text, and minimal visual information to confirm these predictions and sample more text (eye-movement ...
... history magazines, biographies and primary source documents. EBSCO also provides historical digital archives. ... focusing on the 15th century to the present. For more than 50 years, researchers have used this database to discover ... America: History and Life with Full Text Alumni Edition • full text Covering the history and culture of the United States and ... Historical Abstracts with Full Text Alumni Edition • full text Covering the history of the world (excluding the United States ...
Learn more about the history of diamonds as the April birthstone at AmericanGemSociety.org. ... The diamond trading business flourished towards the 15th century with the opening of Eastern trade routes. ... The History and Beliefs Surrounding the Diamond. As told through the Encarta, Sanskrit texts dating back before 400 B.C. found ... History of the Diamond as the April Birthstone. Brielle engagement ring by Hearts On Fire.. ...
15th century secular humanists traveled from abbey to abbey collecting the rarer texts to prevent them from getting scraped out ... Why does the perfectly reasonable opposition to religious craziness have to descend to this caricaturing of the history of ... If they were out of material, they could turn a unique science text into yet another copy of the same religious text:. "A ... Vast destruction of the broad quartos of the early centuries of our era took place in the period which followed the fall of the ...
... until the 18th century. This challenge was taken up by Europeans from the 15th century onwards, and it would not have been ... Muslims in Egypt and probably elsewhere were using printing to mass-produce texts as early as the 10th century. Dozens of ... I have been able to give here only a very cursory sketch of a factor in scientific history which is by no means as linear and ... several centuries before the invention of printing by Gutenberg in the 15th century ...
This text is part of:. *19th-Century American. View text chunked by:. * chapter : page ... George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 4, 15th edition. ... History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 4, 15th edition. (this document). ... Hide browse bar Your current position in the text is marked in blue. Click anywhere in the line to jump to another position: ...
... its Origin and History. Where did the Bruechmann surname come from? Where did the family branches go? ... a 15th-century Franciscan friar... Another 37 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bruechmann Notables in ... History Search. Testimonials. Affiliate Program ABOUT HOUSEOFNAMES.COM Contact Us. Company Information. Terms of Use. Privacy ... 1654 and 1819 are included under the topic Early Bruechmann History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed ...
Uncover the Bencivenni surname history for the Italian Origin. What is the history of the last name Bencivenni? ... Ginevra de Benci (born c.1458), the 15th-century... Another 57 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early ... Extended Surname Histories. Family Tree Templates. Symbolism. Anniversaries Prints. Armorials. Surname Histories. Coat of Arms ... Family Crest + Coat of Arms Coat of Arms and Family Crest + Extended Histories Extended Surname Histories Family Tree Templates ...
... began in the late 15th century and ended in the early decades of the 18th century, by which time Romanian had begun to be ... The history of Eastern Romance between the 3rd century and the development of Proto-Romanian by the 10th century, when the area ... The earliest surviving writing in Latin script was a late 16th-century Transylvanian text which was written with the Hungarian ... History[edit]. Main article: History of Romanian. Prehistory[edit]. Further information: Eastern Romance languages, Proto- ...
He overlooks the century earlier revolutionary discovery by Ibn an-Nafis of the pulmonary circulation of the blood. The text is ... Every manuscript of the Qānūn has therefore a possible formative role in the history of the text when it is finally written. ... The paper stock suggests a date in the 15th century.. Bibliography: Encyclopedia of Islam, 7 vols., 2nd ed., Leiden: 1960, ... It was highly prized throughout the Islamic world where it was a standard text for seven centuries. In addition, it played in ...
The disease was first mentioned in medical texts by Hippocrates from the fourth century BCE, in which he describes a series of ... 1894) A History of Epidemics in Britain: From the Extinction of Plague to the Present Time (Cambridge Univ Press, Cambridge, UK ... Genomic blueprint of a relapsing fever pathogen in 15th century Scandinavia. Meriam Guellil, Oliver Kersten, Amine Namouchi, ... Genomic blueprint of a relapsing fever pathogen in 15th century Scandinavia. Meriam Guellil, Oliver Kersten, Amine Namouchi, ...
With translation of the text of the Geography into Latin in the early 15th century, however, the influence of Ptolemy was to ... The history of cartography represents more than a technical and practical history of the artifacts. The only evidence we have ... Viewed in this context, some of the essential cartographic impulses of the 15th century Renaissance in Italy are seen to have ... In addition, many other ancient texts alluding to maps are further distorted by being written centuries after the period they ...
With translation of the text of the Geography into Latin in the early 15th century, however, the influence of Ptolemy was to ... The history of cartography represents more than a technical and practical history of the artifacts. The only evidence we have ... Viewed in this context, some of the essential cartographic impulses of the 15th century Renaissance in Italy are seen to have ... In addition, many other ancient texts alluding to maps are further distorted by being written centuries after the period they ...
Research reveals the origin and consequences of the illness that killed hundreds of Andalusians in the late 15th century ... History books set the end of the Middles Ages in Europe as the 15th century, an age of extremely important and historical ... are only some of the most highlighted milestones in history text books. Nevertheless, civil history is made up of events that ... In Andalusia, the 15th century was the century of the plague epidemics. Seville, Malaga and Granada witnessed thousands of ...
Kabbalah, we thought, was first known from written texts from the 10th to the 15th centuries from Spanish-Jewish communities. ... CAROLINE A. JONES is professor of art history in the History, Theory, Criticism section of the Department of Architecture at ... This text says its Jesus secret teaching. Could it be? It could be. I dont know if it is or not, but its fascinating to see ... In the centuries that followed, that invention not only transformed humanitys information environment, it also led to colossal ...
  • The Mongol siege of Mosul from a manuscript of Rashid al-Din's Jami' al-Tawarikh, 14th century. (muslimheritage.com)
  • Bliss remarked that 'although the writing of the Papal Registers of the 14th century is clearer than that of many contemporary English MSS. (theoriginalrecord.com)
  • The bulk of the finds are from the late 15th century, but some go back as far as the end of the 14th, with the most recent from the early 16th century. (err.ee)
  • Obviously, I'm being a bit hyperbolic (not to mention reductionist), but there are ways in which today's debates remind of those from the 14th century, where, in debates on practical matters, fact-based reason was easily defeated by fact-less assertion. (jaredbernsteinblog.com)
  • The mid-14th century plague did nothing to foster rational thought. (jaredbernsteinblog.com)
  • But the price was great - chaos in Europe into the 14th century and the plague. (jaredbernsteinblog.com)
  • Members of the dynasty reigned also in Hungary and Bohemia in the 15th-16th centuries. (encyclopedia.com)
  • HARRIS: In this case, the scientists discovered the ancestor of modern-day pertussis emerged suddenly and quite recently in terms of human history just in the 15th or 16th centuries. (nhpr.org)
  • The peak of its popularity was the 15th and 16th centuries, where every Russian on average drank 200 to 250 liters of Kvass per year, from the poor to the Tsars. (rug.nl)
  • Founded in the 5th century, it became an intellectual and spiritual capital, reaching its golden age in the 15th and 16th centuries. (ancient-origins.net)
  • spanning the 15th to 20th centuries, it also enables researchers to trace the history and culture of European civilization during the Renaissance and Enlightenment. (gale.com)
  • Extensive full-text collection of Spanish-language and bilingual newspapers printed across the U.S. during the 19th and 20th centuries. (princeton.edu)
  • Since the 18th century, oba's altars have been embellished with matched pairs of carved elephant tusks, reflecting the increase in ivory's value at that time. (artic.edu)
  • Then, sometime later in the 18th century John Baskerville introduced the traditional serifs. (instantshift.com)
  • It is difficult to determine the eastern limits of the Epartid kingdom, but the decline of its power in the 18th century B.C.E. (see below) probably led to a reduction of influence in the east. (azargoshnasp.net)
  • French literary and aesthetic standards dominated the 18th century and continued into the 19th, when the Romantic movement brought to Portugal English and, to a lesser degree, German influence that persisted for more than a century. (britannica.com)
  • Though the action takes place well before the 18th century, there are hints of the movement from the thinking and institutions of the middle ages-dogmatic, mystical, less democratic-to those of the age of reason. (jaredbernsteinblog.com)
  • We have focused as much as possible on the earliest records from the 16th to 18th centuries, and we have included 19th century material only when earlier data are scarce. (peacecorpsonline.org)
  • Deceptively simple, this 18th century Memento Mori ring from the Victoria and Albert Museum is overflowing with meaning. (primaveragallery.com)
  • Both Larry and Barbara Schoenberg serve on Penn Libraries Board of Overseers, and are the patrons behind the Schoenberg Center for Electronic Text and Image (SCETI), and co-founders of the annual Lawrence J. Schoenberg Symposium on Manuscript Studies in the Digital Age. (muslimheritage.com)
  • This image shows a miniature for a typical Parisian Roman de la rose manuscript of the fourteenth century, by Richard de Montbaston, who, together with his wife Jeanne, illustrated more than 20 copies of the Rose. (culture24.org.uk)
  • The last text copied in this manuscript, known as the Suite Merlin since it follows in the manuscript tradition the Merlin en Prose, is a relatively late text which takes a rather pessimistic view of the Arthurian world, in that the protagonists seem to be driven by blind force and doomed to crime and punishment. (culture24.org.uk)
  • But actually information overload has very deep roots: signs of information overload were present already in the accumulation of manuscript texts in pre-modern cultures and were further accelerated by the introduction of printing (in the 15th century in the case of Europe). (pearltrees.com)
  • the scholarly manuscript descriptions can be searched either using Full Text or using specific access points (Author, Manuscript title, Text title, Place of origin, Incipit, Explicit, and Decoration). (unifr.ch)
  • Search results include description text snippets that contain the search term and, depending on the search, either a link to the beginning of the appropriate manuscript or a direct link to the desired location in the text (Incipit or Text title, for example). (unifr.ch)
  • This is the first page of John's Gospel in a 6th-century Italian manuscript. (bl.uk)
  • This is a page from a 12th-century multilingual manuscript of the Psalms. (bl.uk)
  • The two originally independent parts of this manuscript were bound together probably in the last third of the 15th century (after 1469, cf. (e-codices.ch)
  • This part of the manuscript features marginal corrections and glosses (especially for medically relevant parts of the text), which may be by the original owner of the manuscript (Hayer 1998, p. 162). (e-codices.ch)
  • By following the developments in manuscript and print book production, tied to the changes in the technologies used to produce those texts, we can also chart the various changes in social organization, politics and economics from the feudalism of the 7th century, through to the advent and advance of early capitalism in the 15th century. (xplane.com)
  • Although no original manuscript of this text has survived the ravages of time, several manuscript copies, dating from the closing centuries of the Byzantine Empire (ca. 11th century), still exist. (columbia.edu)
  • The 29 series are being shown in their entirety, as the artists intended, and range from the late 15th to the early 21st centuries. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Perhaps the most significant of all manuscripts in the Witchcraft collection is the minutes of the witchcraft trial of Dietrich Flade, a sixteenth-century city judge and rector who spoke out against the cruelty and injustice of the persecutions in the 1580s. (gale.com)
  • The availability of scientific texts remained restricted in most cases to a few dozen copies, and manuscripts were frequently lost through fire, flood, decay and sometimes wanton destruction in war and civil unrest. (muslimheritage.com)
  • The collection contains a valuable set of original manuscripts, a great part of which can be viewed online through a dedicated website, after having been digitized by the Schoenberg Center for Electronic Text and Image. (muslimheritage.com)
  • They were often added to manuscripts containing Latin biblical texts, either in between the lines (interlinear translation) or in the margins of the page (marginal translation). (bl.uk)
  • The name was found most frequently in Frankfurt in the 12th and 13th centuries. (houseofnames.com)
  • This massive codex, with its 15th century binding (whittawed leather on wooden boards), was found in an old trunk together with documents dating back to the 12th century relating to the property of Ribston Hall (Wetherby, Yorkshire) - formerly a Templar priory. (culture24.org.uk)
  • Although no literary documents belonging to the 12th century (the first century of Portugal's history as a nation) have survived, there is evidence of the existence of an indigenous popular oral poetry in sung verse during the preceding centuries. (britannica.com)
  • A number of academic disciplines , particularly the study of dialectic , had developed considerably between the 9th and 12th centuries. (britannica.com)
  • By the 12th century it had become the most widely studied intellectual discipline, in part because it was an effective tool for constructing and refuting arguments. (britannica.com)
  • Early in the 12th century, Hugh of Saint-Victor (1096-1141), schoolmaster of a house of canons just outside Paris, wrote a description of all the subjects of learning, the Didascalicon . (britannica.com)
  • As groups of teachers organized themselves into guilds in the late 12th and early 13th centuries, they and their students received imperial, papal, and royal privileges. (britannica.com)
  • There was a movement away from the Church and (perhaps) toward greater rationality during the late 12th and early 13th century, particularly in France and Germany. (jaredbernsteinblog.com)
  • To read about the technological aspects of the 12th-century renaissance, as some call it, try "The Medieval Machine" by Jean Gimpel. (jaredbernsteinblog.com)
  • The beginnings of Russian law are documented by the Russo-Byzantine treaties of the 10th century and the oldest Russian law, the Russkaia Pravda . (brill.com)
  • From the 10th century Hatha Yoga Guru Matsyendranath (believed to be an incarnation of Shiva) to the 15th century Svatmarama's Hatha Yoga Pradipika, there are many texts that pertain to the study and the practice of Yoga. (indiacurrents.com)
  • Letterpress printing was the normal form of printing text from its invention by Johannes Gutenberg in the mid-15th century until the 19th century and remained in wide use for books and other uses until the second half of the 20th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Then came the revolutionary printing press in the 15th century by Johannes Gutenberg. (instantshift.com)
  • History and Spanish & Latin American Studies at Aberdeen bring together two top-rated programmes, adding to your in-depth study of a modern global language and culture with a fascinating and broad study of European and world history through the ages. (abdn.ac.uk)
  • Romanian is a part of the Balkan-Romance group that evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin separated from the Western Romance during the 5th-8th centuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eastern Romance languages , like the other branches of Romance languages , descend from Vulgar Latin , adopted in Dacia by a process of Romanization during early centuries AD. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Latin Vulgate Bible was the most commonly used Bible in the Christian West for centuries. (bl.uk)
  • Towards the end of the 4th century, an Italian scholar called Jerome translated the Bible from Greek and Hebrew (the languages in which it was originally written) into Latin. (bl.uk)
  • In this 8th-century psalter the Latin text is in large capital letters in the centre of the page and the Old English translation is in much smaller lower case letters between the lines of the Latin. (bl.uk)
  • These were spread by the Moorish invasions of Spain then spread to France and Italy when texts in Arabic were translated into Latin. (jaredbernsteinblog.com)
  • This type of ground layer is similar to the traditional 15th century Flemish formula and seems to confirm the strong influence of that artistic technique in Northern Italy. (springeropen.com)
  • 123Google ScholarDubinina, C. Morphologie von Metallogenium download classics and moderns in economics essays on 19th and 20th century economic thought routledge studies in the goal Beziehungen zu Mycoplasma Z. 320PubMedCrossRefGoogle ScholarEhrlich, H. Environmental science, vol. (wccae.info)
  • My unavailable download classics and moderns in economics essays on 19th and 20th century economic thought is to either view this establishment for your Openned browsers industry, commonly if you do to investigate on qualitative cells. (wccae.info)
  • Peer-reviewed full-text scholarly content across the academic disciplines. (byu.edu)
  • Developed to meet the increasing demands of scholarly research, Academic Search Ultimate offers students an unprecedented collection of peer-reviewed, full-text journals, including many journals indexed in leading citation indexes. (ebsco.com)
  • This multi-disciplinary database offers full text for nearly 2,000 scholarly journals, including more than 1,500 peer-reviewed titles. (uiowa.edu)
  • Covers the world's scholarly literature in United States and Canadian history. (uiowa.edu)
  • Full text of the complete back files of important scholarly journals, generally from the first volume through issues published prior to the most recent three years. (stlawu.edu)
  • Henricus Martellus, a German cartographer working in Florence in the late fifteenth century, produced a comprehensive annotated map of the known world. (neh.gov)
  • Potentially, the map had much to say about the intellectual rapport between cartographers and navigators in the fifteenth century, but many legends were unreadable. (neh.gov)
  • Fifteenth century Italy and Florence in particular, saw a flowering of the arts and scholarship unmatched in history. (gonzaga.edu)
  • In the eighteenth century, Giambattista Vico (1668 - 1744) divided history into three ages in his New Science (1725): the age of gods, the age of heroes, and the age of humans. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Usage: van Zelst, Lambertus, Patterns and Process: A Festschrift in Honor of Dr. Texas Mission Ceramics: contacts of Manufacture and Distribution during the Eighteenth Century. (mooreamusicpele.com)
  • Published during 1987 in Bao Van Nghe, 'Vang Lua' is the second tale in a trilogy covering well-known Vietnamese characters and events from the late eighteenth century. (virginia.edu)
  • In what ways do they influence the production and the dissemination of texts? (fu-berlin.de)
  • Historical Abstracts offers coverage of world history, from 1450 onward, outside the US and Canada. (uiowa.edu)
  • Thomas's work formed the basis for Gottfried von Strassburg's German Tristan romance (early 13th century), which in turn provided the chief source for Richard Wagner's opera Tristan und Isolde. (culture24.org.uk)
  • Especially parts I, III, IV, and V of the Buch der Natur contain marginal notes and interlinear glosses in a 15th century hand which reworks the natural history texts allegorically for preaching. (e-codices.ch)
  • He honors the country, or at least the values it sometimes espouses, above most of the human race, whose "favorite form of government" is "tyranny" and whose history reveals "a chaldron of greed, social injustice, and racism. (tcj.com)
  • In Cordova, the year 1488 is the darkest year of the late 15th century due to the Bubonic plague which devastated the city. (uco.es)
  • And it turns out that whooping cough arose quite late in human history. (nhpr.org)
  • The printing press is a device that allows for the mass production of uniform printed matter, mainly text in the form of books, pamphlets and newspapers. (history.com)
  • Oh, and R. Joseph, I have written TWO books: the other, co-written with H. Allen Orr, is Speciation , which has now become the standard text on modern views about the origin of species. (wordpress.com)
  • History books set the end of the Middles Ages in Europe as the 15th century, an age of extremely important and historical political and social events. (uco.es)
  • The invention of the printing press, Columbus' voyage to America and the expulsion of the Sephardic Jews from Spain, first, and the annihilation of the Moriscos afterwards, are only some of the most highlighted milestones in history text books. (uco.es)
  • This paper discusses a cross-disciplinary, international collaboration aimed at researching a series of 15th century choir books at the abbey of San Giorgio Maggiore on the homonymous island in Venice. (mdpi.com)
  • Produced for the abbey itself, the books have never left the island during their 500-year history, thereby allowing a unique opportunity to analyse historic artefacts, which have undergone little modification over time. (mdpi.com)
  • Letterpress printing remained the primary way to print and distribute information until the 20th century, when offset printing was developed, which largely supplanted its role in printing books and newspapers. (wikipedia.org)
  • It changed how people saw text and books. (instantshift.com)
  • In the Western tradition, complaints about the abundance of books surface in antiquity (in Ecclesiastes 12:12 or Seneca in the 1st century CE). (pearltrees.com)
  • In the 15th century, printing rapidly multiplied the number of books available and lowered their cost. (pearltrees.com)
  • The poet, philosopher and political theorist John Milton, whose books were publicly burned in England and France, gives perhaps the best explanation of why authorities down the centuries have seen danger in certain books. (theguardian.com)
  • Indexes journal articles, conference proceedings, books, book reviews, and dissertations on the history of science and technology and allied fields. (princeton.edu)
  • This modest project traces the editions and printings of Dracula in the English language, lists the books and various media (film drama, audio recording, etc.) into which Bram Stoker's account of Dracula has been adapted, tracks the translation of Dracula into the several dozen languages in which it has appeared, and surveys a set of material which has been directly inspired by the text and its vampire star. (cesnur.org)
  • In theology itself, comparable canonical work was done by Peter Lombard ( c. 1100-60) in his Sententiarum libri iv ("Four Books of Sentences"), which became, next to the Bible, the fundamental teaching text of theology. (britannica.com)
  • Since teaching required a readable script and books whose texts were as close to identical as possible, the distinctive "Gothic" or " black letter " script was developed, which standardized abbreviations and the writing style used in texts. (britannica.com)
  • History of science books and reviews. (lovereading.co.uk)
  • See below for a selection of the latest books from History of science category. (lovereading.co.uk)
  • Presented with a red border are the History of science books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. (lovereading.co.uk)
  • With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great History of science books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. (lovereading.co.uk)
  • But scholars speculate that, at least until the mid-15th century, most books were made from local herd animals, which could make tracing their point of origin fairly reliable. (thehistoryblog.com)
  • With a minimal backbone of basic historical events, she moves away from social history to literary texts about alternative people, balancing "the smoke of myth with the fire of historical events," showing how myths can drive events, for ideas are facts too (e.g. the belief regarding greased cartridges that ignited the mutiny in 1857). (boloji.com)
  • Here, we describe a European and historical genome of B . recurrentis , recovered from a 15th century skeleton from Oslo. (pnas.org)
  • A great example of early Memento Mori jewelry is a charm from the 16th century of an enameled skeleton in a coffin from the Victoria and Albert Museum. (primaveragallery.com)
  • However, after Portugal opened direct trade routes to Sub-Saharan Africa by sea in the 15th century, Granada became less important as a regional commercial center. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Shang Dynasty is the earliest ruling dynasty of China to be established in recorded history, though other dynasties predated it. (history.com)
  • A composition attributed to Alfonso X , a 13th-century king of Castile and Leon , is the earliest extant parallelistic song-a brief, repetitive lyrical poem marked by a wistful sadness that runs throughout Portuguese literature. (britannica.com)
  • While Memento Mori jewelry dates back to ancient times, most of the earliest examples we see are from the 15th century, with inscribed messages on the pieces that conveyed the warning of imminent death. (primaveragallery.com)
  • It is an important reference tool for students and scholars of U.S. and Canadian history. (ebsco.com)
  • It is sometimes said that Muslim literary and learned culture was primarily based on oral transmission, with writing used mainly to fix and reinforce texts produced in the context of direct discourse of masters to pupils and fellow scholars [1] . (muslimheritage.com)
  • While it will take several years to finish the project, scholars will be able to see and use texts as they become progressively available online. (muslimheritage.com)
  • Scholars such as Van Duzer have had hopes of bringing obscured texts on the map to light, and figuring out how people of the time conceived of the world. (neh.gov)
  • While Patanjali's Yoga Sutras is widely regarded as the most important codification of Yoga practices (Ashtanga or the Eight limbs), some scholars believe that the text had very little to do with the physical practice and more to do with the Yogi's quest for the Divine or salvation. (indiacurrents.com)
  • Until recently, scholars relied on visual analysis (such as handwriting samples) to trace the origin of most ancient texts. (thehistoryblog.com)
  • Diamonds have been mined and traded in India since the 4th century BC, through to the 1400s, when the gemstone was sold as far afield as Venice and other large European cities. (gemselect.com)
  • There is an extensive archive of records including citations, abstracts and full-text for periodicals published by the ACM. (byu.edu)
  • It has indexing from 1983, abstracts from 1994, and full-text from 1996. (uiowa.edu)
  • He saw history as the occurrence ( corsi ) and recurrence ( ricorsi ) of these ages. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The Romance of the rose was undoubtedly one of the best known, most admired and most imitated texts of the French Middle Ages. (culture24.org.uk)
  • [2] However, unlike both of these sacred texts, the Christian Bible is generally believed to carry spiritual authority regardless of the language in which it was originally written (although, as we will see, this was not a belief unanimously held during the Middle Ages). (bl.uk)
  • This single treatise remained the standard work on geographical theory throughout the Middle Ages, was not superseded as such with the 16th century, and constitutes one of the fundamental tenentes of modern geodesy. (columbia.edu)
  • 128 facsimile reproductions from famous Italian printed works, with descriptive text. (oakknoll.com)
  • his writings, in both English and Portuguese, as well as those of Saramago, reaffirmed the internationalism of Portuguese literature in the 20th century. (britannica.com)
  • In spite of such scant personal knowledge, Claudius Ptolemy's writings have had a greater influence on cartography, and on geography in general, than that of any other single figure in history. (columbia.edu)
  • Motes in the Sunlight is a setting of a short section of the writings of the 15th century English mystic Margery Kempe, describing her visions and spiritual experiences. (sounz.org.nz)
  • The history of typography dates back to 1200BC to the upper Palethoic times when paintings were used to communicate with surroundings. (instantshift.com)
  • The wall paintings on the interior date from the mid-seventeenth century and contain, in addition to religious subjects, the portraits of Russian rulers, including those buried in the cathedral from the sixteenth to the end of the seventeenth centuries. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Includes full-text versions of 120 literature journals. (byu.edu)
  • This multi-disciplinary database provides full text for more than 10,000 journals, including over 9,000 peer-reviewed titles. (byu.edu)
  • ProQuest Accounting and Tax provides centralized access to top journals, reference reports, proceedings, dissertations and more, including over 2,300 publications with hundreds in full-text. (byu.edu)
  • Full-text is available for all ACS periodicals. (byu.edu)
  • Full text access to over 2500 journals, most back to the first volume and up to the current volume. (princeton.edu)
  • Simultaneously, the full text of the 6th-century body of Roman law , later called the Corpus Iuris Civilis ("Body of Civil Law"), began to circulate in northern Italy and was taught in the schools of Bologna. (britannica.com)
  • Full-text digital resource exploring the history and culture of African Americans, as well as the greater Black Diaspora. (nypl.org)
  • Covering virtually every area of academic study, Academic Search Elite offers full text information dating as far back as 1985. (uiowa.edu)
  • Full text database of the newspapers, magazines and journals from alternative and independent presses. (uiowa.edu)
  • Full-text of ERIC documents from 1993 to the present is available from the ERIC website free. (uiowa.edu)
  • Ethnic NewsWatch is an interdisciplinary, bilingual (English and Spanish) and comprehensive full text database of the newspapers, magazines and journals of the ethnic, minority and native press. (uiowa.edu)
  • Full text biographies of 38,000 historical and current figures. (umich.edu)
  • Includes law reviews & journals, Supreme Court decisions, cases & statutes, and the full text of thousands of newspapers, company profiles & other business sources. (stlawu.edu)
  • Louse-borne relapsing fever was one of the major diseases affecting Western human populations, with its last major pandemic killing millions after World War I. Despite the major role fevers have played in epidemic events throughout history, molecular evidence for the presence of their etiological agent has been extremely scarce in historical samples worldwide. (pnas.org)
  • Inspired by his own experiences working as a physician in a bush hospital of Zaire, Jacques Pepin looks back to the early twentieth-century events in central Africa that triggered the emergence of HIV/AIDS and traces its subsequent development into the most dramatic and destructive epidemic of modern times. (lovereading.co.uk)
  • Also included are timelines dating from the 15th century to present, primary and landmark documents, slave narratives, audio and image files, and classic texts, some dating from the 19th century. (nypl.org)
  • It is thought that a sanctuary was constructed at the place of Venerio's death to contain his remains and that this was extended to form a monastery in eleventh century. (wn.com)
  • Conflict with the northern Christian kingdoms was recurrent, while mounting civil strife led to a fragmenting of Muslim states in the early eleventh century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sabrina Minuzzi, A 15th century vernacular regimen sanitatis in verse. (cerl.org)
  • Cleomadés , a poem in octosyllabic verse, is considered the masterpiece of the 13th century French poet Adenes le Roi. (e-codices.ch)
  • In chapter three, verse 61 of the Hatha Yoga Pradikipa, a 15th century yoga text instructs the student to "press the heel against the perineum and contract it firmly. (yogagardensf.com)
  • The modern name Frigate Bird was used in 1738 by the English naturalist and illustrator Eleazar Albin in his A Natural History of the Birds . (wikipedia.org)
  • Linguist John McWhorter puts it succinctly in Our Magnificent Bastard Tongue: The Untold History of English, writing that "We speak a miscegenated grammar. (themillions.com)
  • Nicholas Oster, with an eye towards its diversity of influence, its spread, and its seeming omnipresence, writes in Empires of the Word: A Language History of the World that "English deserves a special position among world languages" as it is a "language with a remarkably varied history. (themillions.com)
  • Towards the end of the 19th century, references to opium and opium addiction, in the contexts of crime and the foreign underclass, abound within English literature , such as in Wilkie Collins ' The Moonstone (1868), where it is used to attempt to uncover the jewel thief. (artandpopularculture.com)
  • Because neither of us has the linguistic skills to read Portuguese, Spanish, African, or Asian languages, we have relied on English and French translations of texts in those languages. (peacecorpsonline.org)
  • [17] According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary and Oxford English Dictionary the first mention of kvass in an English text took place sometime around 1553. (rug.nl)
  • The following article presents a brief status about the transmission of Muslim scientific texts, and how the physical means by which it was done may have affected their reception and influence in both the Muslim world and Europe. (muslimheritage.com)
  • In this brief presentation, my aim is to make a few points about the transmission of Muslim scientific texts, and how the physical means by which it was done may have affected their reception and influence in both the Muslim world and Europe. (muslimheritage.com)
  • This marked a precipitous decline in Muslim power and facilitated the centuries-long Christian Reconquista. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multimedia contents database on Korean history and culture. (princeton.edu)
  • The distinctive cough with its "whooping" sound was mentioned in a Korean medical text from the 15th century. (nhpr.org)
  • The idea that history is composed of cycles is ancient. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Download Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text . (tufts.edu)
  • However, it was only in the early 19th century that Guru Krishnamacharya, the "Father of Modern Yoga", revived and synthesized all his learning from ancient texts, study under sages, Indian wrestling, and gymnastics, and created the Vinyasa style of Yoga, variations of which are taught and practiced today all over the world. (indiacurrents.com)
  • The ancient texts of Timbuktu are an impressive sight - bundled in camel skin, goat skin, or calf leather and inscribed in gold, red, and jet-black ink, their pages are filled with words in striking calligraphy from Arabic and African languages, and contain an intriguing array of geometric designs. (ancient-origins.net)
  • You will be enthused and inspired by teachers who are leaders in their fields, with expertise as diverse as medieval Scandinavia, early-modern Poland and modern East Asia and enthralled by our wonderful collections of historic treasures collected by distinguished alumni over the centuries. (abdn.ac.uk)
  • This lecture is part of Medieval Book History Week. (medievalists.net)
  • Medieval texts like the ones we have on display became the basis of European literature. (culture24.org.uk)
  • Dr Annie Sutherland looks at the history of biblical translations in Anglo-Saxon and later medieval England. (bl.uk)
  • In fact, several medieval copies of the Bible (and of parts of the Bible) contain translations of the text into more than one language. (bl.uk)
  • This entry was posted on Thursday, January 15th, 2009 at 5:55 PM and is filed under Medieval , Multimedia . (thehistoryblog.com)
  • A history of the art of printing in Mantova, Italy, from the 15th through the 17th centuries. (oakknoll.com)
  • Queen's Library has mounted Incunabula: An Exhibit of 15th Century Printing. (queensu.ca)
  • Far from describing the practices of a sex cult, Haṭha yoga texts generally advise male yogins not to associate with women. (elephantjournal.com)
  • The raising of Kuṇḍalinī in pre-20th century Haṭha yoga texts is said to cause meditative absorption (i.e. samādhi) and is not concerned with boosting one's sexual performance. (elephantjournal.com)
  • Fortunately, other yoga texts mention mula bandha and have not fallen prey to voracious insects. (yogagardensf.com)
  • Created in China and revolutionizing society there, the press was further developed in Europe in the 15th Century. (history.com)
  • [4] Printers' workshops, previously unknown in Europe before the mid-15th century, were found in every important metropolis by 1500. (wikipedia.org)
  • From the ninth to the tenth century, under the Caliphate of Córdoba, the region was one of the most prosperous and advanced in Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • This module introduces students to the concept of the 'Atlantic World', surveys the early modern history of Africa, the Americas and Western Europe, and explores the key historical themes of this period including race, religion and empire. (lboro.ac.uk)
  • The learned character of the revived Roman law contributed powerfully to the development of legal science throughout Europe in the following centuries. (britannica.com)
  • Covering the history and culture of the United States and Canada from prehistory to the present, this database provides alumni with an essential reference tool for historical research. (ebsco.com)
  • This bibliographic database covers the history of the world (excluding the United States and Canada), focusing on the 15th century to the present. (ebsco.com)
  • Covering the history of the world (excluding the United States and Canada) from 1450 to the present, this alumni database can help universities provide their students with extra resources to benefit them beyond graduation. (ebsco.com)
  • Muslims had been present in the Iberian Peninsula, which they called Al-Andalus, since the early eighth century. (wikipedia.org)
  • This History BA (Hons) degree spans the period from 1600 to the present, focusing mostly on the modern era. (lboro.ac.uk)
  • This module provides an introduction to modern European history from c.1750 to the present and to the major ideological families that have defined, and continue to shape, European political, cultural, and intellectual life. (lboro.ac.uk)
  • The historical scope is equally impressive, sweeping from Zheng He's 15th-century maritime explorations to Beijing's present-day ambitions in the South China Sea. (scmp.com)
  • This course will explore the origins, character, and the operation of internal slavery and export slave trades in Africa between the 15th and the 19th centuries, as well as the history of the abolition of slavery. (uoguelph.ca)
  • Located at the gateway to the Sahara desert in what is now Mali, within the confines of the fertile zone of the Sudan, Timbuktu is one of the cities of Africa whose name is the most heavily charged with history. (ancient-origins.net)
  • Each of the islands of text represents a single page, the darker blocks are images. (wikipedia.org)
  • Detail of a page from a multilingual compendium of knowledge, containing more than 50 texts of historical, geographical, cosmographical, literary and devotional interest. (culture24.org.uk)
  • Because many of the older source texts may be difficult for the general reader to obtain and because they often contain no subject indexes, we have provided numerous direct quotations and page numbers for specific references. (peacecorpsonline.org)
  • Organized by century with biographies and bibliographies of significant printers. (oakknoll.com)
  • The closeness of Portugal's contacts with Spain, reinforced by dynastic marriages that often gave the court at Lisbon a predominantly Spanish atmosphere, explains why for two centuries and more after 1450 nearly every Portuguese writer of note spoke and wrote both Portuguese and Castilian. (britannica.com)
  • Another 141 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1664, 1744, 1670, 1755, 1443, 1496, 1458, 1474 and 1967 are included under the topic Early Bencivenni History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible. (houseofnames.com)
  • External chronological records and internal linguistic evidence, however, indicate that the oldest extant works were probably composed sometime in the 2nd century CE. (mcgill.ca)