An organized procedure carried out through committees to review admissions, duration of stay, professional services furnished, and to evaluate the medical necessity of those services and promote their most efficient use.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
CHILDBIRTH at the end of a normal duration of PREGNANCY, between 37 to 40 weeks of gestation or about 280 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period.
The utilization of drugs as reported in individual hospital studies, FDA studies, marketing, or consumption, etc. This includes drug stockpiling, and patient drug profiles.
Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Review of claims by insurance companies to determine liability and amount of payment for various services. The review may also include determination of eligibility of the claimant or beneficiary or of the provider of the benefit; determination that the benefit is covered or not payable under another policy; or determination that the service was necessary and of reasonable cost and quality.
Cellular processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of CARBOHYDRATES.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
2-Deoxy-D-arabino-hexose. An antimetabolite of glucose with antiviral activity.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
A normal intermediate in the fermentation (oxidation, metabolism) of sugar. The concentrated form is used internally to prevent gastrointestinal fermentation. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.
The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Salts or esters of LACTIC ACID containing the general formula CH3CHOHCOOR.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
A metabolic process that converts GLUCOSE into two molecules of PYRUVIC ACID through a series of enzymatic reactions. Energy generated by this process is conserved in two molecules of ATP. Glycolysis is the universal catabolic pathway for glucose, free glucose, or glucose derived from complex CARBOHYDRATES, such as GLYCOGEN and STARCH.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.
Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Derivatives of ACETIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxymethane structure.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.
Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The metabolic substances ACETONE; 3-HYDROXYBUTYRIC ACID; and acetoacetic acid (ACETOACETATES). They are produced in the liver and kidney during FATTY ACIDS oxidation and used as a source of energy by the heart, muscle and brain.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Visits made by patients to health service providers' offices for diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
The design, completion, and filing of forms with the insurer.
Unstable isotopes of carbon that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. C atoms with atomic weights 10, 11, and 14-16 are radioactive carbon isotopes.
A colorless alkaline gas. It is formed in the body during decomposition of organic materials during a large number of metabolically important reactions. Note that the aqueous form of ammonia is referred to as AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE.
Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Glucose in blood.
Salts and esters of hydroxybutyric acid.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)
Organized services to provide mental health care.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.
A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.
Stable carbon atoms that have the same atomic number as the element carbon, but differ in atomic weight. C-13 is a stable carbon isotope.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Reductions in all or any portion of the costs of providing goods or services. Savings may be incurred by the provider or the consumer.
The expenses incurred by a hospital in providing care. The hospital costs attributed to a particular patient care episode include the direct costs plus an appropriate proportion of the overhead for administration, personnel, building maintenance, equipment, etc. Hospital costs are one of the factors which determine HOSPITAL CHARGES (the price the hospital sets for its services).
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Insurance providing for payment of services rendered by the pharmacist. Services include the preparation and distribution of medical products.
Provisions of an insurance policy that require the insured to pay some portion of covered expenses. Several forms of sharing are in use, e.g., deductibles, coinsurance, and copayments. Cost sharing does not refer to or include amounts paid in premiums for the coverage. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Method of charging whereby a physician or other practitioner bills for each encounter or service rendered. In addition to physicians, other health care professionals are reimbursed via this mechanism. Fee-for-service plans contrast with salary, per capita, and prepayment systems, where the payment does not change with the number of services actually used or if none are used. (From Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
A class of carbohydrates that contains five carbon atoms.
In bacteria, a group of metabolically related genes, with a common promoter, whose transcription into a single polycistronic MESSENGER RNA is under the control of an OPERATOR REGION.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.
A non-essential amino acid present abundantly throughout the body and is involved in many metabolic processes. It is synthesized from GLUTAMIC ACID and AMMONIA. It is the principal carrier of NITROGEN in the body and is an important energy source for many cells.
A trihydroxy sugar alcohol that is an intermediate in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. It is used as a solvent, emollient, pharmaceutical agent, and sweetening agent.
Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
Nutritional physiology of animals.
The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.
Complex sets of enzymatic reactions connected to each other via their product and substrate metabolites.
The first stomach of ruminants. It lies on the left side of the body, occupying the whole of the left side of the abdomen and even stretching across the median plane of the body to the right side. It is capacious, divided into an upper and a lower sac, each of which has a blind sac at its posterior extremity. The rumen is lined by mucous membrane containing no digestive glands, but mucus-secreting glands are present in large numbers. Coarse, partially chewed food is stored and churned in the rumen until the animal finds circumstances convenient for rumination. When this occurs, little balls of food are regurgitated through the esophagus into the mouth, and are subjected to a second more thorough mastication, swallowed, and passed on into other parts of the compound stomach. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)
Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.
Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
BUTYRIC ACID substituted in the beta or 3 position. It is one of the ketone bodies produced in the liver.
FATTY ACIDS found in the plasma that are complexed with SERUM ALBUMIN for transport. These fatty acids are not in glycerol ester form.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.
Low-molecular-weight compounds produced by microorganisms that aid in the transport and sequestration of ferric iron. (The Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994)
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Excessive, under or unnecessary utilization of health services by patients or physicians.
Contracts between an insurer and a subscriber or a group of subscribers whereby a specified set of health benefits is provided in return for a periodic premium.
Salts and derivatives of acetoacetic acid.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
The consumption of edible substances.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A disaccharide consisting of two glucose units in beta (1-4) glycosidic linkage. Obtained from the partial hydrolysis of cellulose.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The application of mathematical formulas and statistical techniques to the testing and quantifying of economic theories and the solution of economic problems.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
An indication of the contribution of a food to the nutrient content of the diet. This value depends on the quantity of a food which is digested and absorbed and the amounts of the essential nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins) which it contains. This value can be affected by soil and growing conditions, handling and storage, and processing.
A measure of inpatient health facility use based upon the average number or proportion of beds occupied for a given period of time.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.
The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
A non-metal element that has the atomic symbol P, atomic number 15, and atomic weight 31. It is an essential element that takes part in a broad variety of biochemical reactions.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
Care over an extended period, usually for a chronic condition or disability, requiring periodic, intermittent, or continuous care.
The making of a radiograph of an object or tissue by recording on a photographic plate the radiation emitted by radioactive material within the object. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A dextrodisaccharide from malt and starch. It is used as a sweetening agent and fermentable intermediate in brewing. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
A disaccharide of GLUCOSE and GALACTOSE in human and cow milk. It is used in pharmacy for tablets, in medicine as a nutrient, and in industry.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of myo-inositol hexakisphosphate and water to 1L-myo-inositol 1,2,3,4,5-pentakisphosphate and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.26.
Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
The process of accepting patients. The concept includes patients accepted for medical and nursing care in a hospital or other health care institution.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Life or metabolic reactions occurring in an environment containing oxygen.
Drugs whose drug name is not protected by a trademark. They may be manufactured by several companies.
Amounts charged to the patient or third-party payer for medication. It includes the pharmacist's professional fee and cost of ingredients, containers, etc.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A viscous, hygroscopic amino alcohol with an ammoniacal odor. It is widely distributed in biological tissue and is a component of lecithin. It is used as a surfactant, fluorimetric reagent, and to remove CO2 and H2S from natural gas and other gases.
Prepaid health and hospital insurance plan.
An adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. In addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.
The first enzyme of the proline degradative pathway. It catalyzes the oxidation of proline to pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid in the presence of oxygen and water. The action is not reversible. The specific activity of proline oxidase increases with age. EC 1.5.3.-.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The administrative process of discharging the patient, alive or dead, from hospitals or other health facilities.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Directions written for the obtaining and use of DRUGS.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)
Calculation of the energy expenditure in the form of heat production of the whole body or individual organs based on respiratory gas exchange.
Works about lists of drugs or collections of recipes, formulas, and prescriptions for the compounding of medicinal preparations. Formularies differ from PHARMACOPOEIAS in that they are less complete, lacking full descriptions of the drugs, their formulations, analytic composition, chemical properties, etc. In hospitals, formularies list all drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy.
A monosaccharide in sweet fruits and honey that is soluble in water, alcohol, or ether. It is used as a preservative and an intravenous infusion in parenteral feeding.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
... occurring in the Long Term Care, or LTC, industry which includes the LTSS industry termed Long term Services and Supports in ... Lakin, K.C., Hewit,, A., Larson, S., & Stancliffe, R.J. (2004). Home and community-based services: Costs, utilization and ... Long-term care insurance is another potential option to help pay for nursing home care. Long-term care insurance was designed ... 10: Long term care. "Introduction to US Health Policy:. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press. Houser, A., Fox-Grage, W.and Ujvari ...
"Wood utilization". Appalachian Hardwood Manufacturers. Retrieved 2012-07-27.. *^ Pywell, Nancy (2003-10-07). "Glossary of ... The word bonsai is often used in English as an umbrella term for all miniature trees in containers or pots.[133] ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... Although "tree" is a term of common parlance, there is no universally recognised precise definition of what a tree is, either ...
1 Real world utilization. *2 Origin of the term. *3 Examples. *4 Criticisms and support ... Real world utilization[edit]. InfoWorld commented that this needs to be transparent and honest: "watered-down examples, such as ... Origin of the term[edit]. In 1988, Microsoft manager Paul Maritz sent Brian Valentine, test manager for Microsoft LAN Manager, ... Alternative terms[edit]. In 2007, Jo Hoppe, the CIO of Pegasystems, said that she uses the alternative phrase "drinking our own ...
The term "scripts" refers to the widely used clipped version of prescription. Headquartered in Greater St. Louis within ... drug-utilization review; formulary management; and medical and drug data analysis services to manage drug plans for health ... General America had run into financial problems and had said it could not pay back $6.8 billion in short term bonds to ... Its own automated pharmacies dispense medications for chronic long-term diseases, such as diabetes or heart disease, directly ...
Medicare.gov - Long-Term Care Archived April 18, 2006, at the Wayback Machine "Dual Eligible". www.cms.gov. Archived from the ... but dental care utilization for this population is low. The reasons for low use are many, but a lack of dental providers who ... The Long-Term Outlook for Health Care Spending. Figure 2. Congressional Budget Office. "Puerto Rico's Post-Maria Medicaid ... Refugees and asylees are eligible for Medicaid for seven years after arrival; after this term, they may be eligible at state ...
"Land Utilization in Hong Kong 2015". Planning Department. 21 September 2016. Retrieved 12 November 2016. "Long Term Housing ... In a bid to meet the housing needs of Hong Kong citizens, Hong Kong Government has announced the new Long Term Housing Strategy ... For the overall strategy, the government adopts the short, medium and long term measures to increase land supply. With respect ... to medium and long term measures, they focus on "review and rationalisation of brownfield sites and deserted agricultural land ...
Simple Depot would utilize the "used" (nearly-emptied) Centaur upper stage LH2 tank for long-term storage of LO2 while LH2 will ... "ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF A LUNAR IN-SITU RESOURCE UTILIZATION (ISRU) PROPELLANT SERVICES MARKET" (PDF). space works engineering ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... In simple terms, a passive cryogenic depot is a transfer stage with stretched propellant tanks, additional insulation, and a ...
This is the longer term measurement of IFR. Stream Utilization in percent of network bandwidth. This measure indicates how much ... Some of them are: Network Utilization. Tracking the instantaneous, minimum, and maximum overall network utilization is needed ... High utilization level is also an indicator that localized congestion is likely due to queue behavior in network components. ...
In terms of net state domestic product (NSDP), Uttar Pradesh is the second-largest economy in India after Maharashtra, with an ... "Potential Creation and Utilisation". Irrigation department U.P. Archived from the original on 13 February 2012. Retrieved 22 ... Uttar Pradesh, with a total area of 243,290 square kilometres (93,935 sq mi), is India's fourth-largest state in terms of land ... The state has the largest railway network in the country but in relative terms has only sixth-highest railway density despite ...
In particular, it was suggested that longer-term unemployment results in the heaviest utilization of SNAP benefits.[35] ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
In general terms, throughput is the rate of production or the rate at which something can be processed. In communication ... High throughput (rate of processing work). Low utilization of computing resource(s). Fast (or highly compact) data compression ... This way the performance can be Compared relative to other systems or the same system before/after changes In absolute terms, e ... The performance of any computer system can be evaluated in measurable, technical terms, using one or more of the metrics listed ...
"Long-term dynamics of leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula) and its biocontrol agent, flea beetles in the genus Aphthona". Biological ... Biological control of leafy spurge: utilization and implementation. Range land Ecology & Management 59, 445-452. Diane L. ...
Economic demands include rational utilization of area territories. Sanitary and hygienic demands are of more interest in terms ... The term "design" is here used to refer to practices applied to the making of products, services, as well as business and ... These three terms are often coined under the title 'triple bottom line.' It is imperative that we think about value in not ... They may also be technology that help identify areas of growth by giving feedback in terms of data or alerts allowed to be ...
1988 Schensul, J. Community Based Long Term Care. Hartford, CT. Institute for Community Research Publication. 1988 Schensul, J ... 1987 Schensul, J. Knowledge Utilization: An Anthropological Perspective. Practicing Anthropology, Vol. (4). 1987 Schensul, J ...
... this subsequent rise in blood pH is termed alkalosis. Alkalosis interferes with normal oxygen utilization by the brain. The ... The choking game (also known as the fainting game, the Good Kids high and a wide variety of slang terms) refers to ... and regains consciousness with short-term memory loss and involuntary movement of their hands or feet. Full recovery is usually ... cell death leading to permanent loss of neurological function ranging from difficulty in concentration or loss of short term ...
In airport gate assignment methods, to optimize gate utilization. In elevator control, to minimize the average waiting time or ... The associated term is "estimated time of accomplishment", which may be a backronym.[citation needed] Accurate and timely ...
The term "utilization", is meant to be interpreted as; harvesting, processing, marketing, and nonconsumptive use of the ... The term "bycatch" is to be interpreted as fish that are harvested in a fishery, but are not sold or kept for personal use. ... Conservation and Management measures shall, where practicable, consider efficiency in the utilization of fishery resources; ... mortality will not cause any stock or stock complex to fall below its MSST more than 50 percent of the time in the long term, ...
Shelter utilization may lead to the better functioning of survivors and fewer reports of abuse in the short term.[63] Research ... Utilization[edit]. There is high demand for shelter services in the United States. A one-day national census done by the ... a b Clevenger, B. M., & Roe-Sepowitz, D. (2009). Shelter Service Utilization of Domestic Violence Victims. Journal of Human ... More recent programs, such as those funded by the Violence Against Women Act, offer longer term stays for women.[43] These ...
The utilization factor is 0.59. Annual average production is 1.4 TW. With its small reservoir, Romaine-1 gives off low and ... The Romaine complex as a whole is one of the most efficient in Quebec in terms of CO2 equivalent emissions per TWh. The dams ...
"Glossary of terms used in Petroleum Reserves/Resources Definitions" (PDF). The Society of Petroleum Engineers. 2005. Retrieved ... Roland 2010 cites Knizhnikov, A. and N Poussenkova (2009) 'Russian Associated Gas Utilization: Problems and Prospects', Annual ... Reasons for Non-utilization (PDF). FNI Report 13/2010 (Report). Lysaker: Fridtjof Nansen Institute. p. 53. Archived from the ... Basic Methods of Processing and Utilization] (in Russian). New Generation. 2013-05-05. "Global Data and Statistics". ...
The term was coined by Jack Williamson in a science-fiction short story ("Collision Orbit") published in 1942 in Astounding ... Water in its liquid state that naturally occurs outside Earth Health threat from cosmic rays In situ resource utilization - ... McKay Christopher P. & Haynes, Robert H. (1997). "Implanting Life on Mars as a Long Term Goal for Mars Exploration", in The ... Three years later, NASA addressed the issue of planetary engineering officially in a study, but used the term "planetary ...
Several large dams are planned to increase future hydro utilization. Although Myanmar is underdeveloped in terms of its hydro- ... Myanmar's hydro power development activities and plans include five-year short-term plans and a 30-year strategic plan. This ...
Robin, J. P.; M. Frain; C. Sardet; R. Groscolas; Y. Le Maho (1988). "Protein and lipid utilization during long-term fasting in ...
Short-term prospects depend on continued World Bank and IMF debt relief and extended aid. The post 1999 government has broadly ... September 2008 "- Coal Production and Utilization 2007-2011 Report P218" (PDF). "Le Petrole Nigerien: D'Agadem a la Soraz" (in ... "Niger sets new terms in uranium ore deal with Areva". DW.DE. Retrieved 7 February 2015. Background Note:Niger, United States ... The long-term effect of this, especially to pastoralist populations, remains in the 21st century, with those communities which ...
... this is measured in terms of time, waste, and resource utilization. Third, OUTPUT requirements, often viewed from a cost/price ...
... and long-term memory, short-term memory consolidation, impaired speed of performance, inability to multi-task, cognitive ... "High health care utilization and costs in patients with fibromyalgia". Drug Benefit Trends. 22 (4): 111. 2010. Archived from ... In simple terms, it can be described as the volume of the neurons being set too high and this hyper-excitability of pain- ... The term fibromyalgia was coined by researcher Mohammed Yunus as a synonym for fibrositis and was first used in a scientific ...
Davis, J. A.; Freeze, H. H. (2001). "Studies of mannose metabolism and effects of long-term mannose ingestion in the mouse". ... Alton, G.; Hasilik, M.; Niehues, R.; Panneerselvam, K.; Etchison, J. R.; Fana, F.; Freeze, H. H. (1998). "Direct utilization of ...
... contracts with FOB terms increased. Under such terms the buyer, who often owns a vessel or signs a long-term charter agreement ... high cost of building large LNG facilities makes the progressive development of gas sources to maximize facility utilization ... "Short-term Energy and Summer Fuels Outlook, UEIA". Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2015.. ... Most of the contract terms used to be DES or ex ship, holding the seller responsible for the transport of the gas. With low ...
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... and allowing for higher storage densities and better space utilization than alternatives. ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... "Allosteric regulation provides a molecular mechanism for preferential utilization of the fully assembled dolichol-linked ... Two paralogs exist in eukaryotes, termed STT3A and STT3B. STT3A is primarily responsible for cotranslational glycosylation of ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... 1] Poultry: Identification, Fabrication, Utilization by Thomas Schneller - Cengage Learning, 28 September 2009 - page 16 ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
The term "technology" rose to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the Second Industrial Revolution. The term's ... The discovery and utilization of fire, a simple energy source with many profound uses, was a turning point in the technological ... The use of the term "technology" has changed significantly over the last 200 years. Before the 20th century, the term was ... Crabb, George (1823). Universal Technological Dictionary, or Familiar Explanation of the Terms Used in All Arts and Sciences. ...
In fact, out of these terms perhaps only indigenous medicine and traditional medicine have the same meaning as folk medicine, ... Depending upon the health insurance plan and the managed care system, various forms of "utilization review", such as prior ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... These terms are often considered interchangeable, even though some authors may prefer one or the other because of certain ...
... which looked the chiropractic services utilization found that the clinical and cost utilization of chiropractic services based ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... Utilization of chiropractic care is sensitive to the costs incurred by the co-payment by the patient.[1] The use of ... Analysis of a clinical and cost utilization data from the years 2003 to 2005 by an integrative medicine independent physician ...
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... Utilization, and Environmental Effects. 29 (9): 839-850. doi:10.1080/00908310500430901.. ... Tests of adsorption behaviour are usually done with nitrogen gas at 77 K under high vacuum, but in everyday terms activated ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
The work of chemical engineers can range from the utilisation of nano-technology and nano-materials in the laboratory to large- ... was credited for having coined the term.[2] Davis also tried to found a Society of Chemical Engineering, but instead it was ... An Encyclopedia puts the use of the term around 1890.[5] "Chemical engineering", describing the use of mechanical equipment in ...
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... Utilization and Safety. Springer. p. 183. ISBN 9783319089485. .. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser- ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... as well as their utilization. ... the orientations of crystal faces can be expressed in terms of ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
The English term "vegetable caterpillar" is a misnomer, as no plant is involved. "Caterpillar fungus" is a preferred term. ... needs to be carried out in order to understand its morphology and growth habits for conservation and optimum utilization. ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
In terms of nutrition, cooked plain pasta is 31% carbohydrates (mostly starch), 6% protein, and low in fat, with moderate ... "Utilization of sorghum, rice, corn flours with potato starch for the preparation of gluten-free pasta". Food Chem. 191: 147-51 ... has defined standards of identity for what are broadly termed macaroni products. These standards appear in 21 CFR Part 139.[68] ... and more general pasta is under the umbrella term massa, literally "dough", together with some Japanese noodles, such as bifum ...
There is no cumulative effect of moclobemide centrally when taken long-term.[8] With long-term use of moclobemide, there is a ... Isacsson G, Holmgren P, Druid H, Bergman U (August 1997). "The utilization of antidepressants--a key issue in the prevention of ... and have good long-term tolerability in terms of side effects.[16] ... In terms of tolerability, however, moclobemide was found to be comparable to the SSRIs and better tolerated than the TCAs and ...
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... lack of a consistent pattern of higher failure rates for higher temperature drives or for those drives at higher utilization ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... The rationale for this approach is the simultaneous utilization of three different antineoplastic strategies: surgical ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
This is possible due to long term contracts that are usual in the third-party logistics market. Cost effectiveness of a third- ... This is particularly beneficial if a company's warehouse has high variations in capacity utilization, leading to overpurchasing ... 3PL contracts are long term contracts, whereas 2PL contracts are of a low durability, so that the customer is flexible in ... On-demand transportation is a relatively new term coined by 3PL providers to describe their brokerage, ad-hoc, and "flyer" ...
Term for deficiency Term for excess Potassium 04700.0004700 NE; NE Quantity A systemic electrolyte and is essential in ... Strontium has been found to be involved in the utilization of calcium in the body. It has promoting action on calcium uptake ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... "Underground Coal Gasification Resource Utilisation Efficiency" (PDF). CSIRO Exploration & Mining. Archived from the original ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... "Utilization of Amygdalin during Seedling Development of Prunus serotina". Plant Physiology. 106 (2): 437-445. doi:10.1104/pp. ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
A body of theory later termed "neoclassical economics" or "marginalism" formed from about 1870 to 1910. The term "economics" ... The term economics is derived from economic science, and the word economic is perhaps shortened from economical or derived from ... A term for this is "constrained utility maximization" (with income and wealth as the constraints on demand). Here, utility ... "A Glossary of Political Economy Terms. Department of Political Science, Auburn University.. • Yang, Xiaokai; Ng, Yew-Kwang ( ...
Therefore, the utilization factor is given by E. =. U. (. c. y. 2. +. c. y. 3. ). 1. 2. c. 2. {\displaystyle E=U{\frac {(c_{y2 ... Variation of utilization factor and stage efficiency with blade-to-gas speed ratio ...
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... GA Mansoori, N Enayati, LB Agyarko (2016), Energy: Sources, Utilization, Legislation, Sustainability, Illinois as Model State, ... Biomass is a wide-ranging term meaning any source of organic carbon that is renewed rapidly as part of the carbon cycle. ... This is partly counteracted by the better efficiency when using ethanol (in a long-term test of more than 2.1 million km, the ...
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... Schroder, G. D. (August 1979). "Foraging Behavior and Home Range Utilization of the Bannertail Kangaroo Rat". Ecology. ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... The first large-scale utilization of a Uniflow engine was in Atkinson steam wagons, in 1918.[3] ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
The long term success rates of implants in constructed penises are lower than the success rates of reconstruction in men born ... "Modern utilization of penile prosthesis surgery: a national claim registry analysis". Int J Impot Res. 26 (5): 167-71. doi ... Long-term follow-up studies from Germany and Turkey of more than 10 years proved that these reconstructions maintain their ... Long-term outcome of forearm flee-flap phalloplasty in the treatment of transsexualism by Albert Leriche, Marc-Olivier Timsit, ...
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... This particular branch involves the utilization of entomological specimens found at a scene in order to test for different ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
posits framing merit pay in terms of a loss in order to be most effective. This study was performed in the city of Chicago ... It has later been proven that inconsistencies may only have been due to methodological issues including the utilisation of ...
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... The PECVD process is relatively inefficient at materials utilization with approximately 85% of the silane being wasted. To ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
... Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 1981;51(3 ...
Visual Analytics of Long-Term Care Resource Utilization in Taiwan: 10.4018/IJMDEM.2018040104: This article describes how the ... "Visual Analytics of Long-Term Care Resource Utilization in Taiwan," International Journal of Multimedia Data Engineering and ... Chu, K., Lu, H., & Jiang, P. (2018). Visual Analytics of Long-Term Care Resource Utilization in Taiwan. International Journal ... "Visual Analytics of Long-Term Care Resource Utilization in Taiwan." IJMDEM 9.2 (2018): 57-68. Web. 16 Nov. 2018. doi:10.4018/ ...
Early term-born infants had greater health care utilization during their entire first year of life than infants born at 39-40 ... Early term delivery and health care utilization in the first year of life J Pediatr. 2012 Aug;161(2):234-9.e1. doi: 10.1016/j. ... Conclusions: Early term-born infants had greater health care utilization during their entire first year of life than infants ... Study design: We assessed health care utilization of 22420 singleton term infants (37-42 weeks gestational age [GA]) without ...
Given the high cost associated with AIS, new interventions reducing either the acute or longer-term burden of AIS are needed. ... The objective of this study was to describe the health-care resource utilization and costs in the year following ... Keywords: acute ischemic stroke, health-care resource utilization, health-care costs, readmissions ... hospitalization for acute ischemic stroke (AIS).Methods: This retrospective claims analysis quantifies utilization and costs ...
Long-Term rIsk, Clinical manaGement and Healthcare Resource Utilization of Stable CAD in Post MI Patients (TIGRIS). The safety ... Study was terminated in order to secure the data quality of the study in terms of follow-up rates and data completeness.) First ...
Long-Term rIsk, Clinical manaGement and Healthcare Resource Utilization of Stable CAD in Post MI Patients (TIGRIS). The safety ... TIGRIS: Long-Term rIsk, Clinical manaGement and Healthcare Resource Utilization of Stable Coronary Artery dISease in Post ... Healthcare resource utilization [ Time Frame: in a 3-year follow-up period ]. Healthcare resource utilization associated with ... Additional relevant MeSH terms: Infarction. Coronary Artery Disease. Myocardial Ischemia. Coronary Disease. Myocardial ...
Long-term oxandrolone treatment increases muscle protein net deposition via improving amino acid utilization in pediatric ... Long-term oxandrolone treatment increased net deposition of leg muscle protein during AA infusion by attenuating protein ...
Health Care Utilization by Adult Long-term Survivors of Hematopoietic Cell Transplant: Report from the Bone Marrow Transplant ... The aim of this study was to evaluate the current status of health care utilization by long-term HCT survivors and to identify ... Health Care Utilization by Adult Long-term Survivors of Hematopoietic Cell Transplant: Report from the Bone Marrow Transplant ... Health Care Utilization by Adult Long-term Survivors of Hematopoietic Cell Transplant: Report from the Bone Marrow Transplant ...
Short-term ingestion of chlorogenic or caffeic acids decreases zinc but not copper absorption in rats, utilization of stable ...
... recommend non-pharmacologic treatments and non-opioid medications for chronic pain and recommend against initiating long-term ... Barnett ML, Olenski AR, Jena AB. Opioid-Prescribing Patterns of Emergency Physicians and Risk of Long-Term Use. N Engl J Med ... Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2016. www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/ ... Facility-level utilization patterns of non-pharmacologic, non-opioid, and opioid treatments for chronic pain are associated ...
years.The utilization of nanocellulose is advocated due to its ability to curb the overall carbon footprint, as it is. derived ... the utilization of nanocellulose have been the major factors driving the nanocellulose market over the past few. ... Nanocellulose Market to Expand at 33.80% Cagr from 2015 to 2023, High Tensile Strength of Material Favors Utilization. * ... to 2023, High Tensile Strength of Material Favors Utilization :. TMR. Transparency Market Research. State Tower,. 90, State ...
Long-term decline in lung function, utilisation of care and quality of life in modified GOLD stage 1 COPD ... Long-term decline in lung function, utilisation of care and quality of life in modified GOLD stage 1 COPD ... The aim of this study was to compare the long-term decline in FEV1, respiratory care utilisation and quality of life between ... To date, no other population study has specifically reported long-term utilisation of respiratory care in subjects with stage 1 ...
... in reducing hospital utilization and costs over 4 years. The MHG program provides individualized support via telephonic nurse ... on utilization rates (hospital admission, readmission, total bed days) and hospital claims cost savings. Outcomes were ... and extend prior program outcomes and support the longitudinal value of the MHG program in reducing hospital utilization and ... Long-term impact of a chronic disease management program on hospital utilization and cost in an Australian population with ...
Health care utilization and characteristics of long-term breast cancer survivors: Nationwide survey in Denmark. Research output ... Health care utilization and characteristics of long-term breast cancer survivors: Nationwide survey in Denmark. In: European ... Health care utilization and characteristics of long-term breast cancer survivors: Nationwide survey in Denmark. / Peuckmann, ... Health care utilization and characteristics of long-term breast cancer survivors: Nationwide survey in Denmark. European ...
Preliminary demographic results are consistent with the profile of incidence data reported previously in terms of gender, age ... service utilisation patterns, met and unmet needs. The objective of the thesis is to add to the body of knowledge in a way that ... service utilisation and life events data were collected using 10 separate instruments. ... This paper presents an update on the status of a thesis examining long term care needs and service utilisation patterns of ...
The aims of this study were to describe the utilization of acute and long-term care among older adults in their last year of ... However, so far only a few determinants of end-of-life care utilization are known. ... and to examine which of a broad range of determinants can account for observed differences in care utilization. Data were used ... Utilization of acute and long-term care in the last year of life: comparison with survivors in a population-based study. ...
... ... OBJECTIVE: To examine whether long-term utilization of dental care, treatment with fillings and crowns and persistent tooth ... CONCLUSION: Long-term routine dental attendance and permanent tooth loss occurred as predictors simultaneously for improvement ...
Long-term decline in lung function, utilisation of care and quality of life in modified GOLD stage 1 COPD ... Download PDF Long-term decline in lung function, utilisation of care and quality of life in modified GOLD stage 1 COPD. Item ... TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their ... Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.. You can navigate ...
GO term prediction. Biological Process. GO:0009605 response to external stimulus Molecular Function. GO:0005198 structural ...
HUQ088b - Long term care facility. Variable Name: HUQ088b. SAS Label: Long term care facility. English Text: What was the type ... HUQ082 - In long term care facility last 12 month. Variable Name: HUQ082. SAS Label: In long term care facility last 12 month. ... HUQ084 - Total # of days in long term facility. Variable Name: HUQ084. SAS Label: Total # of days in long term facility. ... Hospital Utilization & Access to Care (HUQ_C) Data File: HUQ_C.xpt First Published: August 2006. Last Revised: NA ...
HUQ088b - Long term care facility. Variable Name: HUQ088b. SAS Label: Long term care facility. English Text: What was the type ... HUQ082 - In long term care facility last 12 month. Variable Name: HUQ082. SAS Label: In long term care facility last 12 month. ... HUQ084 - Total # of days in long term facility. Variable Name: HUQ084. SAS Label: Total # of days in long term facility. ... Hospital Utilization & Access to Care (HUQ_B) Data File: HUQ_B.xpt First Published: January 2004. Last Revised: NA ...
Read this essay on Nursing Research Utilization Project Proposal. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays ... Nursing Research Utilization Project Proposal Section D ...Nursing Research Utilization Project Proposal Sally Martin Torres ... Nursing Research Utilization Project Proposal ...Nursing Research Utilization Project Proposal Tamra Sanders Nur/598- Research ... Research Utilization Project: Early Mobilization in Pediatric Cardiac Surgical Patients ...Research Utilization Project: Early ...
MeSH terms, Substance. MeSH terms. *Adolescent. *Anticonvulsants/economics. *Anticonvulsants/therapeutic use*. *Child ... Healthcare utilization and costs in children with stable and uncontrolled epilepsy.. Cramer JA1, Wang ZJ2, Chang E3, Powers A4 ... Epilepsy-related utilization included medical services with 345.xx or 780.39 in any diagnosis field and AED fills. Epilepsy- ... We compared annual healthcare utilization and costs between children (,12 years old) with stable and uncontrolled epilepsy ...
MeSH terms, Substances. MeSH terms. *Amino Acids/metabolism*. *Clostridium/classification*. *Clostridium/metabolism ... Amino acid utilization patterns in clostridial taxonomy.. Elsden SR, Hilton MG.. Abstract. The polyamide layer technique for ...
Technical termi. Complete proteome, Proteomics identificationCombined sources. ,p>Information inferred from a combination of ... Mannose-P-dolichol utilization defe.... Mannose-P-dolichol utilization defect 1 isoform 2 (Mannose-P-dolichol utilization ... Mannose-P-dolichol utilization defe.... Mannose-P-dolichol utilization defect 1 protein (Suppressor of Lec15 and Lec35 ... Mannose-P-dolichol utilization defect 1 proteinImported. ,p>Information which has been imported from another database using ...
Keywords - Technical termi. Complete proteome, Reference proteome. Documents. *SIMILARITY comments. Index of protein domains ... Lactate utilization protein BUniRule annotation. Manual assertion according to rulesi ... sp,A8FDN5,LUTB_BACP2 Lactate utilization protein B OS=Bacillus pumilus (strain SAFR-032) OX=315750 GN=lutB PE=3 SV=1 ...
Terms related to health care access and utilization. Doctor or other health professional: Doctor refers to medical doctors (MDs ... Terms such as "higher than" and "less than" indicate statistically significant differences. Terms such as "similar" and "no ... Most access and utilization measures in this report are based on the 12 months prior to interview, with the exception of a ... Terms related to health insurance. Health insurance coverage: Health insurance is broadly defined to include both public and ...
Does Long-Term Care Subsidisation Reduce Hospital Admissions and Utilization?. Article. Author(s) Joan Costa-i-Font, Sergi ... Term dates LSE Vacations Useful links. LSE Merchandise Shop Library Careers Accommodation Media relations LSE Blogs ... Ageing; Long Term Care; Behavioural Incentives; Health Inequality; Health Behaviours; Overweight; Sleep; Nutrition; Smoking; ... His current work addresses issues on healthy ageing and the design of long-term care programs, the influence of social ...
Pricing Based on Real-Time Analysis of Forklift Utilization Using RFID in Warehouse Management: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7362-3.ch087 ... Key Terms in this Chapter. Forklift: It is equipment that can load and upload items for shelving. ... "Pricing Based on Real-Time Analysis of Forklift Utilization Using RFID in Warehouse Management." In Advanced Methodologies and ... "Pricing Based on Real-Time Analysis of Forklift Utilization Using RFID in Warehouse Management." Advanced Methodologies and ...
At longer-term follow-up (3 to 5 years), about 24% of patients were lost to follow-up. For TMR + CABG versus CABG studies, ... C. Resource Utilization. Duration of procedure, ICU length of stay, total hospital length of stay, emergency department visits ... Each end point was assessed for the perioperative period and for the longer term. In addition to clinical end points, the ... Six of the 12 randomized trials compared TMR versus MMT, including 967 patients.8-13 Secondary results and/or longer term ...
  • The Bone Marrow Transplant Survivor Study, a collaborative effort between the City of Hope Cancer Center and the University of Minnesota, examines the long-term outcomes of individuals who have survived 2 or more years after undergoing HCT and compares them with nearest-age siblings. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Further studies should seek to understand facility-level variation in chronic pain care and to identify facility-level utilization patterns that are associated with improved patient outcomes. (springer.com)
  • Little is known about the long-term outcomes of individuals with mild chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) as defined by the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD). (bmj.com)
  • In population-based studies, respiratory symptoms are of major importance for predicting long-term clinical outcomes in subjects with COPD with mild obstruction. (bmj.com)
  • Results confirm and extend prior program outcomes and support the longitudinal value of the MHG program in reducing hospital utilization and costs for individuals with heart disease or diabetes and demonstrate the increasing program effect with continued participation over time. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our study illustrates how testing a theory of change using structural equation modeling (SEM) methods - an analytic method for studying theory-based associations consistent with other examples in the literature (7) - can increase confidence in the hypothesized relationships between short-term policy advocacy outcomes and intermediate-term outcomes in the context of obesity prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • Specifically, we test whether the short-term outcomes in our theory of change predict support for obesity-related policies, with the assumption that increasing support for obesity policies will lead to policy change, given sufficiently supportive contextual factors. (cdc.gov)
  • To assess the effect of medication reconciliation on medication discrepancies, patient related outcomes and healthcare utilisation in patients receiving this intervention during transitions of care compared to patients not receiving medication reconciliation. (wiley.com)
  • Respondents felt that significant progress towards meeting the overall goals and objectives has been made although many felt that the goals represent long-term outcomes requiring ongoing work from the RMOs as well as acceptance of the program and utilization of the resources by the First Nations schools. (gc.ca)
  • Opioid misuse has been linked to variety of poor outcomes and its consequences have a significant impact on healthcare resource utilization. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Our primary objective will be to identify harm reduction strategies that have been shown to result in clinically relevant and statistically significant improvements in patient outcomes and/or decreased healthcare utilization. (beds.ac.uk)
  • THis study is intended to provide contemporary data on the burden of disease in patients 1 to 3 years post-MI, including a description of patient characteristics, current treatment patterns, rate of major CV events, and healthcare resource utilization in a 'real world' patient population at high atherothrombotic risk. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Facility-level utilization patterns of non-pharmacologic, non-opioid, and opioid treatments for chronic pain are associated with subsequent patient-level initiation of LTOT among veterans with incident chronic pain. (springer.com)
  • requirements, service utilisation patterns, met and unmet needs. (edu.au)
  • We aimed to evaluate the long-term changes in the utilization patterns of CT and ultrasound (US) in pediatric emergency departments (PEDs). (ceemjournal.org)
  • We compared the changes in utilization patterns of brain and abdominal CT scans in pediatric patients and analyzed changes in abdominal US utilization in the PED. (ceemjournal.org)
  • Utilisation patterns, costs and HRQoL can be described and analysed by continued health services research, and may be a valuable complement to more clinically oriented research. (ki.se)
  • I. Sparring V, Nyström L, Östman J, Wahlström R, Burström K, Jonsson PM. Changing healthcare utilization patterns in diabetes mellitus: case-control studies 1 year and 8 years after diagnosis. (ki.se)
  • 3.5 million non-pregnancy-related primary care visits in the Military Health System to describe health care utilization patterns among 467 099 non-active duty patients, aged 12 to 22, with access to free health care. (aappublications.org)
  • The Military Health System provides valuable information about the health utilization patterns of adolescents and young adults (aged 12-22) with universal insurance and excellent access to care. (aappublications.org)
  • Association of team-based primary care with health care utilization and costs among chronically ill patients [published online November 26, 2018]. (ajmc.com)
  • Community Solutions spent much of 2018 collecting and compiling information about long-term care within the City of Cleveland, including key informant interviews, examining national and state data on long-term care and developing methodologies to estimate need and ability to pay. (communitysolutions.com)
  • Utilization behavior (UB) is a type of neurobehavioral disorder that involves patients grabbing objects in view and starting the 'appropriate' behavior associated with it at an 'inappropriate' time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Utilization behavior patients have difficulty resisting the impulse to operate or manipulate objects which are in their visual field and within reach. (wikipedia.org)
  • The patients who display utilization behavior tend to reach out and begin to automatically use objects in the visual field of their environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients with utilization behavior feel they are functioning normally and do not believe that their actions are anything out of the ordinary. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cause of utilization behavior can be attributed to many diseases including Alzheimer's disease, Cerebrovascular disease, Frontotemporal dementia, neoplasm, and corticobasal degeneration. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is the category that involves behaviors such as manual grasping and groping, imitation behavior and utilization behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • The rest of this article will be discussing the latter, utilization behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lhermitte first coined the term Utilization Behavior (UB). (wikipedia.org)
  • A woman with bilateral encephalomalacia had a damaged medial thalamus and showed behavioral problems including utilization behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • In general strategies have an approximate 10 year timescale, taking them into a "long term" corresponding with CP5 (ending in 2019). (wikipedia.org)
  • WHO (World Health Organization) defines home care services as "Providing patients integrated health and pillar services in his/her residence, aiming to prevent, delay, or replace the use of temporary or long-term institutional care. (igi-global.com)
  • Long-term oxandrolone treatment increases muscle protein net deposition via improving amino acid utilization in pediatric patients 6 months after burn injury. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • New adult patients (n=509) were randomly assigned to primary care physicians, and their utilization of medical services was monitored for 1 year. (nih.gov)
  • Results: Higher utilisation of healthcare services by patients with diabetes compared to control individuals, and the necessary medication, led to an annual excess costs of 40 000 to 50 000 Swedish crowns per patient with no significant differences among the four cohorts. (ki.se)
  • Utilization of Sleep Pulse Oximetry in Fibromyalgia Patients - Mayo Clinic Overview Study type Observational Study IDs Study type Observational Describes the nature of a clinical study. (mayoclinic.org)
  • While team-based approaches to primary care transformation provide benefit to patients with chronic illness by reducing acute care utilization, it may lead to higher use among healthier patients. (ajmc.com)
  • Taking aim at these gaps, a new study has found that team-based approaches to primary care transformation provide benefit to patients with chronic illness by reducing acute care utilization. (ajmc.com)
  • The authors of the systematic review concluded patients with sepsis had ongoing mortality up to 2 years and they encouraged researchers to include longer-term endpoints. (springer.com)
  • In this investigation, the researchers followed 457 patients after an index hospitalization for pneumonia and found poor long-term survival. (springer.com)
  • Intensive care unit (ICU) hospitalisations of elderly patients with acute respiratory infection have increased, yet the long-term effects of ICU admission among elderly individuals remain unknown. (springer.com)
  • Consequently, we previously demonstrated a substantial increase in hospitalisations for acute respiratory infection (ARI) over 10 years (2006-2015), with a change in the ICU admission policy for elderly patients leading to an important rise in ICU resource utilisation [ 11 ]. (springer.com)
  • However, the long-term effects of ICU admission for elderly patients with ARI have never been demonstrated. (springer.com)
  • The evidence on harm reduction strategies to mitigate adverse events prompting presentation to acute care settings for patients presenting with long-term opioid use is sparse. (beds.ac.uk)
  • We will perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to catalog effective harm reduction strategies and identify the most effective ones to reduce avoidable healthcare utilization in patients on long-term opioid therapy who present to acute health care settings with complications attributed to opioid misuse. (beds.ac.uk)
  • This study will better characterize harm reduction strategies for patients on long-term prescribed opioids presenting to acute healthcare settings. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Methods This was a secondary data analysis of the 2000 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, a nationally representative survey of health care utilization. (aappublications.org)
  • The emission budget of harvesting operations depends on the loss of standing biomass by timber extracted from the forest site and logging losses on the one side, and on the other on the wood end use and the utilization of processing residues. (springer.com)
  • Long-term oxandrolone treatment increased net deposition of leg muscle protein during AA infusion by attenuating protein breakdown, but did not affect whole-body protein breakdown. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • The objective of this study was to describe the health-care resource utilization and costs in the year following hospitalization for acute ischemic stroke (AIS). (dovepress.com)
  • Given the high cost associated with AIS, new interventions reducing either the acute or longer-term burden of AIS are needed. (dovepress.com)
  • The aims of this study were to describe the utilization of acute and long-term care among older adults in their last year of life as compared to those not in their last year of life, and to examine which of a broad range of determinants can account for observed differences in care utilization. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Utilization of acute and long-term care services, including professional and informal care, were recorded at each cycle, as well as a broad range of health-related and psychosocial variables. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In the younger-old this difference was most pronounced for acute care, and in the older-old, for long-term care. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Use of both acute and long-term home care in the last year of life was fully accounted for by health problems. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These studies also show the importance of distinguishing different types of acute and long-term care, because determinants varied greatly across types. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Long-Term Pulse Oximeter Monitoring for Neonates with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia - Mayo Clinic Overview Study type Observational Study IDs Study type Observational Describes the nature of a clinical study. (mayoclinic.org)
  • We could identify no studies of the long-term clinical consequences of healthcare associated infections. (springer.com)
  • The study analyzed the Open Government Data of LTC to discuss the home care service resource utilization with regard to LTC. (igi-global.com)
  • Healthcare resource utilization associated with the events (MI, unstable angina with urgent revascularization, stroke or death for any cause) in a three-year follow-up period. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This presentation provides insight into how to use the Resource Utilization Groups version III Plus (RUG-III Plus) case-mix system for organizational decision support. (cihi.ca)
  • This information sheet provides an overview of the Resource Utilization Group version III (RUG-III) grouping methodology. (cihi.ca)
  • The Resource Utilization in Dementia (RUD) Questionnaire, used in several international published dementia studies, was considered as a basis. (alzheimer-europe.org)
  • and how resource utilization was related to impending death during the follow up period. (springer.com)
  • Resource materials for Resource Utilization Group, version III and RUG Weighted Patient Days, including frequently asked questions. (cihi.ca)
  • A summary of the differences between the Resource Utilization Group, version III 44-group and 34-group methodologies. (cihi.ca)
  • The recognised difficulty in undertaking appropriate comparisons and selection of relevant outcome measures is seen by the fact that while reported interventions have a positive effect on reducing the prevalence of medication discrepancies, the evidence for the presumed subsequent reduction in patient harm or healthcare utilisation is equivocal ( Mueller 2012 ). (wiley.com)
  • Therefore, a study on long-term care (LTC) resources has been a key issue that had needed discussion. (igi-global.com)
  • The government needs to invest in multiple care services, including short term, long term, home, community, and institution, so as to satisfy the care demands of the elderly with different physical statuses. (igi-global.com)
  • To assess health care utilization during the first year of life among early term-born infants. (nih.gov)
  • We assessed health care utilization of 22420 singleton term infants (37-42 weeks gestational age [GA]) without major birth defects, fetal growth restriction, or exposure to diabetes or hypertension in utero, delivered between 1998 and 2007 and continuously enrolled at Kaiser Permanente Northwest for 12 months after delivery. (nih.gov)
  • Early term-born infants had greater health care utilization during their entire first year of life than infants born at 39-40 weeks GA. (nih.gov)
  • The high intensity of therapy and prolonged immune suppression after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) increase the risk of long-term complications and health care needs among survivors. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the current status of health care utilization by long-term HCT survivors and to identify factors associated with lack of utilization. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Health care utilization was assessed through a mailed questionnaire in three domains: general contact with health care system, general physical examination, and cancer/HCT-related visit. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Primary care physicians provide health care for an increasing number of adult long-term survivors of HCT, emphasizing the need for increased awareness of the long-term follow-up needs of the HCT survivors by the health care providers. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Improved transplantation strategies and supportive care combined with a wider variety of stem cell sources have led to increased utilization of this therapeutic modality ( 1 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • This population is thus likely to have a higher need for utilization of the health care system for many years after their treatment. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Although several studies have evaluated the health care utilization by cancer survivors ( 11 - 14 ), there are no reports describing the pattern of health care utilization by transplant survivors. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The goal of this study was to evaluate self-reported health care utilization by long-term HCT survivors and to identify risk factors associated with lack of utilization. (aacrjournals.org)
  • We examined whether veterans with incident chronic pain receiving care at facilities with greater utilization of non-pharmacologic treatments and non-opioid medications are less likely to initiate LTOT. (springer.com)
  • Veterans receiving care at facilities with greater utilization of non-pharmacologic treatments were less likely to initiate LTOT in the year following incident chronic pain. (springer.com)
  • After 11 years, associations between baseline categories of COPD and decline in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV 1 ) , respiratory care utilisation and quality of life as measured by the SF-36 questionnaire were examined after controlling for age, sex, smoking and educational status. (bmj.com)
  • At follow-up, individuals with symptomatic stage 1 COPD (n = 224) had a faster decline in FEV 1 (−9 ml/year (95% CI −13 to −5)), increased respiratory care utilisation (OR 1.6 (95% CI 1.0 to 2.6)) and a lower quality of life than asymptomatic subjects with normal lung function (n = 3627, reference group). (bmj.com)
  • In contrast, individuals with asymptomatic stage 1 COPD (n = 295) had no significant differences in FEV 1 decline (−3 ml/year (95% CI −7 to +1)), respiratory care utilisation (OR 1.05 (95% CI 0.63 to 1.73)) or quality of life scores compared with the reference group. (bmj.com)
  • However, so far only a few determinants of end-of-life care utilization are known. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Care utilization in the last year of life of older adults is an important, but still relatively unexplored field. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These studies have shown that at any age, the last year of life is more costly in terms of care utilization than any earlier year of life. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In addition to costs, knowledge of the types and determinants of health care utilization in the last phase of life is important. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Health conditions and concomitant health care utilization at the end of life are often complex, and clarifying the types and determinants of health care utilization may facilitate the appropriate allocation and organization of health care for those of whom we think are in their last phase of life. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, empirical evidence on other types and determinants of care utilization in the last phase of life is still scarce. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To examine whether long-term utilization of dental care, treatment with fillings and crowns and persistent tooth loss between age 50 and 65 years associate with subsequent changes in OHRQoL from age 65 to 70 years. (diva-portal.org)
  • The Hospital Utilization and Access to Care section (variable name prefix HUQ) provides SP level interview data on evaluating several access to health care topics. (cdc.gov)
  • The questions on long-term care (HUQ081-HUQ089) were not included in NHANES 1999-2000, but are available for NHANES 2001-2002 and 2003-2004. (cdc.gov)
  • The historical question on health status and the questions on long term care omit infants under age 1 year. (cdc.gov)
  • A new set of questions on long term care has been added. (cdc.gov)
  • The influence of obesity, alcohol abuse, and smoking on utilization of health care services. (nih.gov)
  • His current work addresses issues on healthy ageing and the design of long-term care programs, the influence of social incentives for health and health care behaviours, and the institutional determinants and economic consequences of health disadvantage. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Does Long-Term Care Subsidisation Reduce Hospital Admissions and Utilization? (lse.ac.uk)
  • In this paper, the authors attempt to describe the current supply of institutional long-term care and to discuss the developments in the last 20 years that have affected that supply. (hhs.gov)
  • Aim: To analyse how healthcare utilisation, healthcare costs and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) differ for individuals with diabetes compared to control individuals from the general population and how these differences are associated with disease duration and changes in the health care over time. (ki.se)
  • In long-term care, seniors with dementia are at higher risk of being physically restrained and given potentially inappropriate antipsychotic drugs than other seniors. (cihi.ca)
  • Details of the interRAI Long-Term Care Facilities (LTCF) outcome scales used in the Continuing Care Reporting System (CCRS). (cihi.ca)
  • A Snapshot of Advance Directives in Long-Term Care: How Often Is 'Do Not' Done? (cihi.ca)
  • There were some discussions about the right, appropriate terms, phrases and definitions in the different care forms, consequently we adopted and modified the RUD questionnaire to the individual settings, as GP and outpatient, elderly home and NGO. (alzheimer-europe.org)
  • A Descriptive Analysis of the U.S. Department of Labor's Long-Term Care Registered Apprenticeship Programs. (hhs.gov)
  • Under the Affordable Care Act, the impact of insuring this population on health care utilization is unclear. (aappublications.org)
  • We described association of age and gender with primary care utilization rates, clinic type, and primary and secondary diagnoses. (aappublications.org)
  • Age-by-gender interactions had a significant association with health care utilization rates and diagnoses at primary care appointments. (aappublications.org)
  • Consequences of high ED utilization rates include increased demands on ED staff, patient dissatisfaction, prolonged wait times, adverse events secondary to delays in care, and increased costs. (aappublications.org)
  • Previous studies found associations between increased childhood ED utilization and particular child and parental demographic features, 8 - 11 as well as the quality of the primary care provider relationship. (aappublications.org)
  • Thus, the demand for different types of long-term care will increase and change over time. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The purpose of this exploratory study was to identify determinants for utilization and transitions of long-term care in adults older than 65 years by using Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Services Use. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Generalized estimating equation logistic models were used to identify determinants for utilization and types of long-term care. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A logistic regression model examined determinants for transitions to long-term care over four years through a longitudinal analysis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We analyzed 810 individuals with a mean age of 78.4 years and 24.4% receiving long-term care at t 1 . (biomedcentral.com)
  • The predisposing factors higher age and female sex, as well as the need factors higher multimorbidity and higher disability score, were determinants for both utilization and transitions of long-term care. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Living alone, higher income and a higher disability score had a significant influence on the utilization of formal versus informal long-term care. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our results emphasize that both utilization and transitions of long-term care are influenced by a complex construct of predisposing, enabling and need factors. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This knowledge is important to identify at-risk populations and helps policy-makers to anticipate future needs for long-term care. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In Europe, the number of people in need of long-term care (LTC) will increase dramatically by 2060 [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To prepare the health care system for this urgent public health problem, it is important to understand the reasons for utilization and transitions of LTC over time. (biomedcentral.com)
  • LTC can be defined as assistance with daily activities for people who are not fully capable of self-care on a long-term basis [ 3 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To detect determinants for the utilization of health care services, such as those received from physicians or hospitals, Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Services Use (ABMHS) [ 9 ] has often been employed. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The Long-Term Care Facilities Survey (LTCFS), financed by Health Canada, the Public Health Agency of Canada and the Canadian Institute for Health Information, replaces the Residential Care Facilities Survey. (cihi.ca)
  • Examining the long-term care continuum was one of these strategies. (communitysolutions.com)
  • However, unlike many other areas, there was not a clear agenda or set of activities which would improve long-term care for people of all ages in Cleveland. (communitysolutions.com)
  • The Center for Community Solutions was identified as the lead agency for this strategy, which seeks to understand the long-term care continuum within the City of Cleveland. (communitysolutions.com)
  • This report is meant to increase understanding of needs and gaps relating to long-term care in the community. (communitysolutions.com)
  • Many older adults will require long-term care as they age. (communitysolutions.com)
  • Over the past several decades, long-term care has shifted out of institutions and into the community. (communitysolutions.com)
  • In addition, many Age-Friendly Cleveland advisory committee members expressed concern about the supply of long-term care locations across the spectrum, and wondered if what was currently available was adequate to meet a need that is likely to grow. (communitysolutions.com)
  • As Community Solutions embarked on this research, it became increasingly clear that there is no standard definition for what comprises long-term care. (communitysolutions.com)
  • Developing an understanding of the long-term care continuum requires an understanding of what is meant by the phrases "long-term care" and "continuum of care. (communitysolutions.com)
  • Curtis E. Smith's blind survey Smith ix () concerning knowledge of the term "hospice care" generated much controversy as it revealed that most people are likely to know little to nothing about what hospice care actually is. (essaytown.com)
  • Algoma Long Term Care Unit is a small, government run, nursing home with 60 beds based at 1510 Fremont Street in Algoma, WI. (citehealth.com)
  • Multiple factors, such as exposure to high-dose chemotherapy, prophylaxis/treatment of graft versus host disease (GVHD), sequelae of GVHD, and prolonged immune suppression place the survivors at increased risk of long-term adverse sequelae. (aacrjournals.org)
  • We examined differences over the 2 years after discharge in mortality, healthcare utilisation and frailty score between elderly survivors of ARI in the ICU and an elderly control population. (springer.com)
  • Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of nitrogen utilization. (yeastgenome.org)
  • Utilization of nitrogen from injected and surface-spread cattle slurry applied to grassland. (indigo.ca)
  • Distribution of excreted nitrogen by grazing cattle and its effects on sward quality, herbage production and utilization. (indigo.ca)
  • To evaluate the longitudinal value of a chronic disease management program, My Health Guardian (MHG), in reducing hospital utilization and costs over 4 years. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A matched-cohort analysis retrospectively compared MHG participants with heart disease or diabetes (treatment, N = 4,948) to non-participants (comparison, N = 28,520) on utilization rates (hospital admission, readmission, total bed days) and hospital claims cost savings. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The main goal of the PRESLO study (French acronym for "secondary prevention of LBP") was to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of a secondary prevention program based on education and exercise therapy to prevent LBP recurrence and related work disability among hospital workers. (sjweh.fi)
  • They also had a 2-fold increase in both healthcare utilisation and frailty score in the 2 years after hospital discharge, whereas healthcare utilisation and frailty scores among controls were stable before and after hospitalisation. (springer.com)
  • Apparent oxygen utilization at 1000 m depth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pacific Ocean sections of dissolved oxygen and apparent oxygen utilization. (wikipedia.org)
  • In freshwater or marine systems apparent oxygen utilization ( AOU ) is the difference between oxygen gas solubility (i.e. the concentration at saturation) and the measured oxygen concentration in water with the same physical and chemical properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • World Ocean Atlas 2005 Volume 3: Dissolved Oxygen, Apparent Oxygen Utilization, and Oxygen Saturation. (wikipedia.org)
  • ABMHS is also applicable for identifying determinants for the utilization of LTC [ 10 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The impact on mortality, healthcare utilisation and quality of life of subjects with GOLD stages 2-4 COPD-which include subjects with abnormal FEV 1 /FVC ratio and FEV 1 below 80%, 50% and 30% respectively-is well recognised. (bmj.com)
  • We reported 2-year mortality and compared healthcare utilisation and frailty scores in the 2-year periods before and after ICU hospitalisation. (springer.com)
  • Expert guidelines recommend non-pharmacologic treatments and non-opioid medications for chronic pain and recommend against initiating long-term opioid therapy (LTOT). (springer.com)
  • Adjusted rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals for initiation of long-term opioid therapy during year following chronic pain index date. (springer.com)
  • Short-term ingestion of chlorogenic or caffeic acids decreases zinc but not copper absorption in rats, utilization of stable isotopes and inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry technique. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Healthcare utilization and costs in children with stable and uncontrolled epilepsy. (nih.gov)
  • Bob Bowman, most famous as Michael Phelps' coach for all of his phenomenal career, has used the terms Capacity Training and Utilization Training to describe two different types of training swimmers can use. (trainingpeaks.com)
  • Different sports use different terms to describe these concepts but Bowman's is perhaps the simplest to understand. (trainingpeaks.com)
  • Pricing Based on Real-Time Analysis of Forklift Utilization Using RFID in Warehouse Management. (igi-global.com)
  • Multi-year health plans have the potential to finally align the interests of health plan enrollees and insurers by reaping long-term benefits of patient health management. (rand.org)
  • Shimizu Smart BEMS (Building Energy Management System) assesses the state of solar power generation, and monitors and controls the production, storage, and utilization of hydrogen based on that. (shimz.co.jp)
  • Responsible for efficient and effective utilization management in accordance with client needs, physician orders and payer requirements. (careerbuilder.com)
  • This Glossary will serve to facilitate a clearer understanding and communication in FAO's long-term objective of achieving sustainable management and use of fisheries and aquaculture resources, enhancing international cooperation in these fields. (fao.org)
  • Offshore safety is discussed in terms of major hazards, risk management, and case studies. (mun.ca)
  • Research under the Program includes research on belowground processes, retrospective, and chronosequence research on ecosystem productivity, modeling long-term productivity to evaluate consequences of management decisions, and investigations on the effects of specific management practices on long-term ecosystem productivity. (orst.edu)
  • We extend the scope of sustainable management of forest from forests to timber utilization, and study carbon offsets resulting from the utilization of harvested timber for bio energy or harvested wood products (HWPs). (springer.com)
  • The observation and perception of REDD+ should not be restricted to sustainable management and reduced impact logging practices in the forest domain but should be extended to the utilization of extracted timber. (springer.com)
  • Decisions about the appropriate management and utilization of forests create a vigorous area that is fueled by differences in social, cultural, environmental and ecological aspects concerning "optimal" forest management and utilization strategies for enhancing the contribution of forests to the mitigation of climate change. (springer.com)
  • This retrospective claims analysis quantifies utilization and costs following inpatient admission for AIS among the commercially insured and Medicare beneficiaries in the Truven Health databases. (dovepress.com)
  • For example, living with a family member, a potential informal caregiver, can lead to the utilization of informal LTC. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Epilepsy-related utilization included medical services with 345.xx or 780.39 in any diagnosis field and AED fills. (nih.gov)
  • Quality in Managed Long-Term Services and Supports Programs. (hhs.gov)
  • This report explores how several states have designed their quality monitoring and improvement programs for managed long-term services and supports (MLTSS). (hhs.gov)
  • Study was terminated in order to secure the data quality of the study in terms of follow-up rates and data completeness. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The study compares the risks of short- and long-term use of contraceptives containing drospirenone (DRSP) or dienogest (DNG)/ ethinylestradiol (EE) plus levomefolate calcium (metafolin) with the risks of short- and long-term use of other established oral contraceptives (OCs). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Because CT is a useful and easily accessible tool for rapid evaluation and diagnosis, its utilization has markedly increased in emergency departments (EDs) [ 2 - 6 ]. (ceemjournal.org)
  • To examine the association between parental emergency department (ED) utilization and child ED utilization for overall numbers of ED visits, as well as numbers of nonurgent ED visits. (aappublications.org)
  • However, the findings indicate that healthcare utilisation, costs and HRQoL vary by gender and socio-economic background. (ki.se)
  • Hazard ratios (HR) and healthcare utilization incidence ratios (IR) were estimated from state of the art econometric models. (springer.com)
  • Objective Low-back pain (LBP) is a common and recurrent condition, but the evidence is scarce about effective strategies to prevent recurrence and disability in the longer term. (sjweh.fi)
  • These repercussions or implications are evident in the focuses of the current modern era, such as projects like sustainable communities, which do not focus on "economic" growth or capitalistic advantage, but rather on "the very web of life on which our long-term survival depends" (Fritjof, 2014). (essaytown.com)
  • In contrast to randomised controlled trials, long-term studies of diabetes populations in real-world health systems can shed light on issues of access to the healthcare systems as well as on associated equity issues. (ki.se)
  • Glucose Intake and Utilization in Pre-Diabetes and Diabetes: Implications for Cardiovascular Disease explains the mechanisms of progression from pre-diabetes to diabetes to cardiovascular disease. (elsevier.com)
  • The book further focuses on glucose intake and utilization in diabetes, including coverage of diabetes in the development and pathology of cardiovascular disease, risks and epidemiology of cardiovascular problems promoted by diabetes, macrovascular effects and their safety in therapy of diabetics, beta cell biology and therapy of diabetes, and nutrition to modulate diabetes. (elsevier.com)
  • The report states that financial funding and technical support from governments and research organizations for the utilization of nanocellulose have been the major factors driving the nanocellulose market over the past few years.The utilization of nanocellulose is advocated due to its ability to curb the overall carbon footprint, as it is derived from renewable sources. (cyberessays.com)
  • Browse by Subject Term allows you to find research conducted in a subject area. (umich.edu)
  • The update reflects a changed program name (previously long-term site productivity), actual research sites selected, newer figures, and makes minor editorial corrections. (orst.edu)
  • However, most research to date has focused on short-term responses of individual components of ecosystems to individual events and manipulations. (orst.edu)
  • The focus for the research proposed here was derived from discussions within a broad community of people interested in long-term ecosystem productivity (see Appendix I). The authors developed specific objectives, hypotheses, and design in response to the community's input. (orst.edu)
  • The integrated research sites are being established as a network of long-term research sites to address these as well as other questions that are truly long-term and complex, and demand that research disciplines integrate in concept, in application, and in analyses. (orst.edu)
  • In order to provide for the needs of land managers in the near future prior to completion of long-term studies research from these sites will contribute to conceptual and numerical modeling of long-term processes and responses on a continuing basis. (orst.edu)
  • Persons with sepsis and pneumonia experienced higher utilization than controls (e.g. (springer.com)
  • Utilization of Del Nido Cardioplegia in Adult Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting - A Retrospective Analysis. (stanford.edu)
  • The feasibility of biochar as fossil coal substitute as charge material in EAF has already been proved in two previous European projects (GREENEAF and GREENEAF2) were an intensive industrial utilization of biochar was foreseen. (omicsonline.org)
  • In addition, a significant difference in carbon utilization was observed between starved and nonstarved cells. (waikato.ac.nz)
  • Substitution effects from material and energetic utilization of harvested timber result in considerable emission reductions, which can compensate for the loss of forest carbon, and eventually contribute to the overall climate change mitigation benefits from forestry sector. (springer.com)
  • Forest related options for mitigating climate change include the sequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) by forest growth, the conservation and enhancement of forest carbon stocks as well as the substitution, and C-storage resulting carbon effects from the utilization of harvested timber. (springer.com)
  • The evidence of the long-term consequences associated with pneumonia is even sparser. (springer.com)