CHILDBIRTH at the end of a normal duration of PREGNANCY, between 37 to 40 weeks of gestation or about 280 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).
A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).
Terms or expressions which provide the major means of access by subject to the bibliographic unit.
Controlled vocabulary thesaurus produced by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. It consists of sets of terms naming descriptors in a hierarchical structure that permits searching at various levels of specificity.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
A research and development program initiated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE to build knowledge sources for the purpose of aiding the development of systems that help health professionals retrieve and integrate biomedical information. The knowledge sources can be used to link disparate information systems to overcome retrieval problems caused by differences in terminology and the scattering of relevant information across many databases. The three knowledge sources are the Metathesaurus, the Semantic Network, and the Specialist Lexicon.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.
Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.
Care over an extended period, usually for a chronic condition or disability, requiring periodic, intermittent, or continuous care.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
INFLAMMATION of the placental membranes (CHORION; AMNION) and connected tissues such as fetal BLOOD VESSELS and UMBILICAL CORD. It is often associated with intrauterine ascending infections during PREGNANCY.
A clear, yellowish liquid that envelopes the FETUS inside the sac of AMNION. In the first trimester, it is likely a transudate of maternal or fetal plasma. In the second trimester, amniotic fluid derives primarily from fetal lung and kidney. Cells or substances in this fluid can be removed for prenatal diagnostic tests (AMNIOCENTESIS).
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
The thin layers of tissue that surround the developing embryo. There are four extra-embryonic membranes commonly found in VERTEBRATES, such as REPTILES; BIRDS; and MAMMALS. They are the YOLK SAC, the ALLANTOIS, the AMNION, and the CHORION. These membranes provide protection and means to transport nutrients and wastes.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
The relationships between symbols and their meanings.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Controlled vocabulary of clinical terms produced by the International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation (IHTSDO).
The innermost membranous sac that surrounds and protects the developing embryo which is bathed in the AMNIOTIC FLUID. Amnion cells are secretory EPITHELIAL CELLS and contribute to the amniotic fluid.
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
Artificially induced UTERINE CONTRACTION. Generally, LABOR, OBSTETRIC is induced with the intent to cause delivery of the fetus and termination of pregnancy.
Respiratory failure in the newborn. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Cells lining the outside of the BLASTOCYST. After binding to the ENDOMETRIUM, trophoblasts develop into two distinct layers, an inner layer of mononuclear cytotrophoblasts and an outer layer of continuous multinuclear cytoplasm, the syncytiotrophoblasts, which form the early fetal-maternal interface (PLACENTA).
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The threadlike, vascular projections of the chorion. Chorionic villi may be free or embedded within the DECIDUA forming the site for exchange of substances between fetal and maternal blood (PLACENTA).
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
Spontaneous tearing of the membranes surrounding the FETUS any time before the onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR. Preterm PROM is membrane rupture before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
The process of bearing developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero in non-human mammals, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Blood of the fetus. Exchange of nutrients and waste between the fetal and maternal blood occurs via the PLACENTA. The cord blood is blood contained in the umbilical vessels (UMBILICAL CORD) at the time of delivery.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
Contraction of the UTERINE MUSCLE.
A change in the CERVIX UTERI with respect to its readiness to relax. The cervix normally becomes softer, more flexible, more distensible, and shorter in the final weeks of PREGNANCY. These cervical changes can also be chemically induced (LABOR, INDUCED).
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
In INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, machine-sensing or identification of visible patterns (shapes, forms, and configurations). (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
The outermost extra-embryonic membrane surrounding the developing embryo. In REPTILES and BIRDS, it adheres to the shell and allows exchange of gases between the egg and its environment. In MAMMALS, the chorion evolves into the fetal contribution of the PLACENTA.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Use of sophisticated analysis tools to sort through, organize, examine, and combine large sets of information.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
The failure of a FETUS to attain its expected FETAL GROWTH at any GESTATIONAL AGE.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.
Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
The addition of descriptive information about the function or structure of a molecular sequence to its MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATA record.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Yellow discoloration of the SKIN; MUCOUS MEMBRANE; and SCLERA in the NEWBORN. It is a sign of NEONATAL HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA. Most cases are transient self-limiting (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEONATAL JAUNDICE) occurring in the first week of life, but some can be a sign of pathological disorders, particularly LIVER DISEASES.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.
The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
Treatment of disease by exposure to light, especially by variously concentrated light rays or specific wavelengths.
A malpresentation of the FETUS at near term or during OBSTETRIC LABOR with the fetal cephalic pole in the fundus of the UTERUS. There are three types of breech: the complete breech with flexed hips and knees; the incomplete breech with one or both hips partially or fully extended; the frank breech with flexed hips and extended knees.
Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS or FETUSES.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.
The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The hormone-responsive glandular layer of ENDOMETRIUM that sloughs off at each menstrual flow (decidua menstrualis) or at the termination of pregnancy. During pregnancy, the thickest part of the decidua forms the maternal portion of the PLACENTA, thus named decidua placentalis. The thin portion of the decidua covering the rest of the embryo is the decidua capsularis.
Liquid formulations for the nutrition of infants that can substitute for BREAST MILK.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.
The weight of the FETUS in utero. It is usually estimated by various formulas based on measurements made during PRENATAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Diseases of newborn infants present at birth (congenital) or developing within the first month of birth. It does not include hereditary diseases not manifesting at birth or within the first 30 days of life nor does it include inborn errors of metabolism. Both HEREDITARY DISEASES and METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS are available as general concepts.
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.
A method, developed by Dr. Virginia Apgar, to evaluate a newborn's adjustment to extrauterine life. Five items - heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color - are evaluated 60 seconds after birth and again five minutes later on a scale from 0-2, 0 being the lowest, 2 being normal. The five numbers are added for the Apgar score. A score of 0-3 represents severe distress, 4-7 indicates moderate distress, and a score of 7-10 predicts an absence of difficulty in adjusting to extrauterine life.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
The field of nursing care concerned with the promotion, maintenance, and restoration of health.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
"Soapy: No 7th Term; Governor Moves Into National Role; Hare-Swainson Battle Looms". Detroit Free Press. March 3, 1960. p. 1 - ... March 3 - G. Mennen Williams announced that he would not run for a seventh term as Governor of Michigan. April 12 - The ... Mennen Williams not to run for a seventh term as Governor; (3) the selection of Michigan's Nancy Fleming as Miss America; (4) ...
"The Weight of the World." Bourdieu deplored the term 'role'. See: Bourdieu, Pierre. 1992. "Thinking About Limits.' Theory, ... In simpler terms, a field refers to any setting in which agents and their social positions are located. Accordingly, the ... His politics then became more overt and his role as public intellectual was born, from an "urgency to speak out against ... Instead of confining his analysis of social relations and change to voluntaristic agency or strictly in terms of class as a ...
"Reexamining the Role of General Assistance." Public Welfare (Spring, 1986). Stagner, M. and Harold A. Richman. General ... Policy Options in Long Term Care. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981. Richman, Harold A. "Accountability: A View of ... and academically and led work at Chapin Hall to document and evaluate community-building initiatives and the role philanthropy ...
The role of macroprudential regulation is particularly stressed by the last two of them. The agency paradigm highlights the ... See also Schanz, J., Aikman, D., Collazos, P., Farag, M., Gregory, D. and Kapadia, S. (2011). The long-term economic impact of ... A role for a forward-looking macroprudential supervisor, moderating uncertainty and alert to the risks of financial innovation ... A large number of instruments have been proposed; however, there is no agreement about which one should play the primary role ...
ISBN 978-81-313-0045-9. "Life term for serial girl killer". The Tribune. Chandigarh. 22 December 2002. "Serial killer killed in ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Dalbir Bharti (2006). Police And People : Role And Responsibilities. APH Publishing. pp ...
"Darren Edwards leaves Dragons coaching role". South Wales Argus. "Kingsley Jones pens long-term Dragons deal". South Wales ... Lyn Jones was appointed to the role of Director of Rugby in 2013 taking over a lot of on field responsibilities. He brought ... Edwards left the Dragons in February 2014 while in June, Jones was promoted to the role of head coach. In March 2017, following ...
Fifield, Anna (January 4, 2013). "Biden faces key role in second term". Financial Times. Retrieved October 6, 2020. "Violent ... Sociologist and criminologist William R. Kelly states that, "While the longer-term impact of the Violent Crime Control and Law ... The VCCLEA effectively eliminated the ability of lower-income prison inmates to receive college educations during their term of ... although its contribution to the long-term trend of expanding prisons is debated. The Justice Policy Institute stated in 2008 ...
No role model existed for Margaret. She saw herself not as a political wife, but as a homebody who was responsible for the ... During Houston's first term, he was unmarried. Mirabeau B. Lamar followed Houston and was a widower. Margaret campaigned with ... When his wife Miriam A. Ferguson won two non-consecutive terms as governor, James Ferguson became the state's only first ... her new husband when Houston ran for a second term as president, and rode in the presidential parade, in spite of her dislike ...
Fifield, Anna (January 4, 2013). "Biden faces key role in second term". Financial Times. Archived from the original on January ... Having won both races, Biden made a point of waiting to resign from the Senate until he was sworn in for his seventh term on ... During his second term, Biden was often said to be preparing for a possible bid for the 2016 Democratic presidential nomination ... Biden eventually became a critic of the war and viewed his vote and role as a "mistake", but did not push for withdrawal. He ...
Fifield, Anna (January 4, 2013). "Biden faces key role in second term". Financial Times. Scherer, Michael (January 28, 2013). " ... While he eventually became a critic of the war and viewed his vote and role as a "mistake", he did not push for U.S. withdrawal ... Biden has called his role in affecting Balkans policy in the mid-1990s his "proudest moment in public life" related to foreign ... In 1998, Congressional Quarterly named Biden one of "Twelve Who Made a Difference" for playing a lead role in several foreign ...
"The Role of the Governor-General". The Governor-General of New Zealand. Retrieved 6 July 2017. "Parliament Brief: What is ... Mercer Quality of Living Survey ranks Sydney tenth in the world in terms of quality of living, making it one of the most ... Australia's per-capita GDP is higher than that of the UK, Canada, Germany, and France in terms of purchasing power parity. New ... These industries play a small role in the Hawaiian economy, due to the shipping distance to viable markets, such as the West ...
Its role is to provide advice and recommendations to the board within the scope of its terms of reference / charter. Terms of ... Role of the Committee, 3. Membership of the Committee, 4. Terms of appointment, 5. Rules and procedures, 6. Access to documents ... The role of audit committees continues to evolve as a result of the passage of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Many audit ... The Board's role is better described as oversight or monitoring, rather than execution. Responsibilities of the audit committee ...
"Ramona Africa Given Jail Term For Siege Role". philly.com. Retrieved May 10, 2016. G. Shaffer; C. Tiger; D. L. Root (2008). ...
Kenworthy, Tom (June 5, 1998). "Nichols Gets Life Term for Oklahoma Bombing Role". Washington Post. Retrieved February 26, 2009 ... He completed one term of 13 credit hours with B grade average. He had Cs in biology, chemistry and trigonometry, a B in ... Prior to his incarceration, he held a variety of short-term jobs, working as a farmer, grain elevator manager, real estate ... 1 mass murderer in all of U.S. history" and sentenced Nichols to 161 consecutive life terms without the possibility of parole. ...
He served one term in the Fifth Session. In 2010, Savenko was nominated as a candidate for Governor of Kaliningrad Oblast; ... He served in that role until 2012. In 2012, he declined to run again for mayor. On 5 January 2020, Savenko sustained head ... At the end of his term, Savenko was appointed as the head of the Kaliningrad representative office in Moscow. ...
Marty was conceived as a short-term role. The series had just scripted the death of character Megan Gordon Harrison (Jessica ... The role was originated by Susan Haskell, who portrayed Marty from January 24, 1992,[full citation needed] through September 16 ... In 2006, Chambers stepped into the role (Haskell was unavailable at the time due to her real-life pregnancy). When asked if she ... They've been very accommodating." She said, "It's like going home.... And now the role is even more complex. What a gift. It's ...
Neighbours was Bibby's first major long-term role. Bibby said he went for a general audition, where there were five parts ... Bibby was given the role of Lance, a three-month occasional role. A year later, Bibby auditioned for another character called ... Brooke Satchwell, an actress Bibby had met before, came in and was given the role of Lance's sister, Anne. Bibby's first day of ... In April 2005, it was announced that Bibby had reprised his role for Neighbours' 20th anniversary. His return aired in July of ...
Crowe, John H.; Carpenter, John F.; Crowe, Lois M. (October 1998). "The role of vitrification in anhydrobiosis". Annual Review ... Jönsson, K. Ingemar; Bertolani, Roberto (2001). "Facts and fiction about long-term survival in tardigrades". Journal of Zoology ... ISBN 978-989-96860-7-6. Reuell, Peter (2019-07-08). "Harvard study suggests asteroids might play key role in spreading life". ... Guidetti, Roberto; Jönsson, K. Ingemar (2002). "Long-term anhydrobiotic survival in semi-terrestrial micrometazoans". Journal ...
"Speech Language Pathology in Long Term Care". SpeechPathology.com. "This is Long Term Care 2016" (PDF). "Find a long-term care ... "Occupational Therapy's Role in Skilled Nursing Facilities" (PDF). AOTA.org. Ling, Shari M. (13 October 2011). "Rehabilitation ... according to the American Association for Long-Term Care Insurance. Some nursing homes also provide short-term rehabilitative ... Often, these terms have slightly different meanings to indicate whether the institutions are public or private, and whether ...
Wilcox, LeAnn (January 13, 2017). "Late-Term Role for Obama: Groomsman in Chief". Archived from the original on February 13, ...
Important for short term survival of the organisation; thus prerequisite for long term success; mainly concerning the ... As a more minor role under this section; it comes under investment decisions because revenue generated will be from investments ... in the long term. Although this is often an exception for shareholders who only wish to hold for the short term dividend gain. ... Long term assets - also known as Capital Budgeting for financial managers. Short term assets/current assets. Profitability ...
"Short term deal for McCann". Livingston F.C. 29 March 2012. Retrieved 29 March 2012. "'Role model' secured in double Raith ...
Nestler and colleagues have now employed gene- and brain-region-specific chromatin remodelling to examine the role of one ... Nestler EJ (2001). "Molecular basis of long-term plasticity underlying addiction". Nat Rev Neurosci. 2 (2): 119-128. doi: ... Hyman SE, Malenka RC, Nestler EJ (2006). "Neural mechanisms of addiction: the role of reward-related learning and memory]". ... Transcriptional mechanisms of addiction: role of DeltaFosB". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series ...
Craik, F. I. M., & Watkins, M. J. (1973). The role of rehearsal in short-term memory. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal ... The first step is short-term memory formation, followed by the conversion to a long-term memory, and then a long-term memory ... SAM consists of two main components: short-term store (STS) and long-term store (LTS). In brief, when an item is seen, it is ... Incidentally, the idea of STS and LTS was motivated by the architecture of computers, which contain short-term and long-term ...
He was elected to the Council as a Republican in a 1997 special election with 7% voter turnout, but elected to a full term in ... Reed, Tina (March 18, 2015). "David Catania lands health role at Greenburg Traurig". Washington Business Journal. Retrieved ... Catania opposed terms limits for elected officials. In 2001, Catania voted in favor of legislation that overturned the results ... Chan, Sewell (January 9, 2001). "D.C. Council Considers Repeal of Term Limits". Washington Post. Retrieved October 1, 2016. ...
By protecting SDHB from damaging oxidants, SDHAF1 plays a vital role in the assembly and stability of succinate dehydrogenase ( ... "27 binary interactions found for search term SDHAF1". IntAct Molecular Interaction Database. EMBL-EBI. Retrieved 2018-08-25. ... Hoekstra AS, Bayley JP (May 2013). "The role of complex II in disease". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics. ...
Bruce Power (3 December 2015). "Amended Agreement Secures Bruce Power's Role in Long-Term Energy Plan ,". www.brucepower.com. ... "The Role of Nuclear: Present and Future" (PDF). pp. 3-4. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 May 2017. Retrieved 9 August ... "Long-Term Energy Plan Brief October 2013" (PDF). Bruce Power. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 April 2015. Retrieved 27 ... "Bruce Power's Role in Ontario" (PDF). Bruce Power. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 February 2017. Retrieved 21 February ...
In that role, he advised senior White House and Cabinet officials on issues related to the U.S. Government's response to the ... "Tarbert Begins Term as 14th CFTC Chairman , CFTC". www.cftc.gov. "Chairman and Chief Executive Heath P. Tarbert , U.S. ... "CFTC Assumes Key Role on IOSCO Board Leadership , CFTC". www.cftc.gov. "Why the CFTC is the most important regulator you've ... In this role, Tarbert was a key architect of the Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernization Act (FIRRMA), which passed ...
"Ramona Africa Given Jail Term For Siege Role". philly.com. Retrieved 10 May 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) G. ...
Spotnitz, William D.; Falstrom, Jeanne K.; Rodeheaver, George T. (1997-06-01). "The Role of Sutures and Fibrin Sealant in Wound ... Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants. 15 (3): 245-270. doi:10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.v15.i3.20. Spotnitz, ... Developing Surgical Techniques: The Role of Fibrin Sealants. 182 (2, Supplement 1): S1-S7. doi:10.1016/S0002-9610(01)00770-X. ... Developing Surgical Techniques: The Role of Fibrin Sealants. 182 (2, Supplement 1): S8-S14. doi:10.1016/S0002-9610(01)00771-1. ...
a b c Christiane Harzig, "The Role of German Women in the German-American Working-Class Movement in Late Nineteenth-Century New ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... See: Christiane Harzig, "The Role of German Women in the German-American Working-Class Movement in Late Nineteenth-Century New ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... Perhaps if Margaret had become a queen, a role that she clearly felt Fortune had denied her, she would not have felt the need ... Beaufort appears to have played a large role in financing the insurrection. In response to her betrayal, Richard passed an act ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
In terms of syndromic craniosynostosis not only do FGFR3 and TWIST genes feature, but also FGFR1 and in particular FGFR2, which ... The prevention of post-surgical complications, including those mentioned above, plays an important role in discussions over the ... This is a term sometimes used to describe the premature closure of the coronal suture plus any other suture, like the lambdoid ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ...
She developed a close friendship with Boas, who took on a role as a kind of father figure in her life - Benedict lovingly ... are intelligible in terms of their own coherent cultural systems and should be understood and respected. This also formed a ... Benedict played a major role in grasping the place of the Emperor of Japan in Japanese popular culture, and formulating the ...
Role in disease[edit]. Plasmacytoma, multiple myeloma, Waldenström macroglobulinemia and plasma cell leukemia are malignant ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... In addition to effects during embryogenesis, this particular gene may also play a role in adult urogenital tract function.[7] ... The homeobox genes encode a highly conserved family of transcription factors that play an important role in morphogenesis in ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
The Warsaw Rising was termed a "criminal organization" Radzilowski, John (2009). "Remembrance and Recovery: The Museum of the ... which because of its location at the end of the Vistula and its tributary waterway and of its Baltic seaport trade role became ... It is the country's most important waterway and natural symbol, and the term "Vistula Land" (Polish: kraj nad Wisłą) can be ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ...
The Role of UPPP in the "Stanford Protocol" operation UPPP is also offered to sleep apnea patients who opt for a more ... Long term complications with pain, feeling sick and lesser sleep quality than before the LAUP. In 2008, Dr. Labra, et al., from ... There is debate among surgeons as to the role of Phase 1 surgery. In 2002, an Atlanta-based surgical team, led by Dr. Jeffrey ... The surgery is more successful in patients who are not obese, and there is a limited role in morbidly obese (>40 kg/m2). ...
Le rôle de la langue dans la communication de propagande dynastique à l'époque de Charles IV". Revue de l'Institut Français ... Since Charlemagne, the realm was merely referred to as the Roman Empire.[23] The term sacrum ("holy", in the sense of " ... The exact term "Holy Roman Empire" was not used until the 13th century, before which the empire was referred to variously as ... Otto can be considered the first ruler of the Holy Roman empire, though that term was not used until the twelfth century.. ...
In terms of spelling of his name, best to go with the most reliable sources, FIFA uses Sulaiman Abdulghafour, so I'd suggest ... The arbitration policy describes the Committee's roles and responsibilities in greater detail. If you wish to participate, you ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
... and long-term mortality is decreased.[122] There however is some short-term mortality risk of less than 1% from the surgery.[ ... Saad F, Gooren L (March 2009). "The role of testosterone in the metabolic syndrome: a review". The Journal of Steroid ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... Krentz AJ, Bailey CJ (February 2005). "Oral antidiabetic agents: current role in type 2 diabetes mellitus". Drugs. 65 (3): 385- ...
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... Trade unions in Germany have a history reaching back to the German revolution in 1848, and still play an important role in the ... In the Nordic System of labour market regulation, the government's legislative role is limited in the same way as in the Anglo- ... Both advocate policies and legislation on behalf of workers in the United States and Canada, and take an active role in ...
... contracts with FOB terms increased. Under such terms the buyer, who often owns a vessel or signs a long-term charter agreement ... "Evolving Roles of LNG and Asian Economies in the Global Natural Gas Markets" (PDF). Pacific Energy Summit. Archived (PDF) from ... "Short-term Energy and Summer Fuels Outlook, UEIA". Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2015.. ... Most of the contract terms used to be DES or ex ship, holding the seller responsible for the transport of the gas. With low ...
In the long term researchers aim to find the genes that confer resistance to the pathogen on some ash trees.[12] ... Bakys, R.; Vasaitis, R.; Barklund, P.; Ihrmark, K.; Stenlid, J. (1 April 2009). "Investigations concerning the role of Chalara ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... It is anyone's prerogative to question the USIA's intent, effectiveness, or morality, but under a subheading like "Role of USIA ... Explaining the origin of the term, Gullion wrote (1967) that: "Even beyond the organ of the Government set up to handle ... As U.S.-Soviet tensions eased, America's anti-propaganda attitude quickly resurfaced, and a new term was used to describe the ...
The long-term signals of satiety come from adipose tissue.[20] The taste and odor of food can contribute to short-term satiety ... Role of the brain[edit]. The brain stem can control food intake, because it contains neural circuits that detect hunger and ... Long-term satiety signals from adipose tissue regulates short-term satiety signals.[20] ... Long-term satiety comes from the fat stored in adipose tissue. Adipose tissue secretes the hormone leptin, and leptin ...
He was on good terms with Sir William Paddy.[5] Fludd was one of the first to support in print the theory of the circulation of ... It referred favourably to the role played by the Illuminati and it featured a convoluted manufactured history dating back to ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
Over the next few years, she had roles in The Prisoner of Zenda (1937), John Ford's The Hurricane (1937), Midnight (1939) and ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... In 1952, she was cast in the leading role of the stage play The Time of the Cuckoo, which was later made into the movie ... She was kept busy playing what she considered mediocre roles she called "Mothers for Metro". After Meet Me in St. Louis (1944 ...
Food cycle is an obsolete term that is synonymous with food web. Ecologists can broadly group all life forms into one of two ... Lindeman emphasized the important role of decomposer organisms in a trophic system of classification. The notion of a food web ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... These polymers have a dual role as supplies of energy as well as building blocks; the part that functions as energy supply ...
The terms serve two different purposes-the term "Midshipman" refers to a military rank, whereas the term "Cadet" refers to a ... Graduates who have entered other branches of the service have had more direct roles in Iraq. Aaron Seesan, a 2003 graduate and ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
The terms alternative medicine, complementary medicine, integrative medicine, holistic medicine, natural medicine, unorthodox ... 2004). The Role of Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Accommodating Pluralism. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University ... Other terms. See also: Traditional medicine. Traditional medicine refers to the pre-scientific practices of a certain culture, ... Frequently used derogatory terms for the alternative are new-age or pseudo, with little distinction from quackery. ...
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... This same dynamic user community played a significant role in the application's development, suggesting program revisions and ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
The role of catenin in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (or EMT) has also received a lot of recent attention for its ... In the short-term, combining current treatment techniques with therapeutics targeting catenin-associated elements of cancer ... The primary mechanical role of catenins is connecting cadherins to actin filaments, specifically in these adhesion junctions of ... Catenins play roles in cellular organization and polarity long before the development and incorporation of Wnt signaling ...
She had starring roles in eleven films at Fox including 3 Bad Men and Fig Leaves, both costarring her then-boyfriend George ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... Producer Paul Bern chose her for an uncredited role in his film The Dressmaker from Paris (1925). She was signed by Fox after ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
The length of hair also plays a role in the ability to braid; shorter hair can be more of a challenge. Bobby pins can be useful ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
Although the term "natural farming" came into common use in the English language during the 1980s with the translation of the ... "The role of a learning site for urban residents hoping to do farming: Focusing on the spread of 'natural farming' by the Akame ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ...
In the short term, this successfully eased tensions.[220] After Hanoi, Pol Pot proceeded to Beijing, again in secret. There he ... Sihanouk agreed.[154] On Zhou Enlai's advice, Sâr also agreed, although his dominant role in the CPK was concealed from ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ... In declining health, Pol Pot stepped back from many of his roles in the movement. In 1998 the Khmer Rouge commander Ta Mok ...
Savarkar was one of the first in the twentieth century to attempt a definitive description of the term "Hindu" in terms of what ... The RSS portrayed itself as a social movement rather than a political party, and did not play central role many of the Indian ... one of the main votaries of Hindutva has stated that it believes in a cultural connotation of the term Hindu. "The term Hindu ... By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia ...
Magpies have been attacked for their role as predators, which includes eating other birds' eggs and their young. However, ... as a term for the bird dates to the 13th century, and the word "pied", first recorded in 1552, became applied to other birds ... in terms of social cognition, causal reasoning, flexibility, imagination and prospection.[43] ...
Technically speaking, the term odd meter clave is an oxymoron. Clave consists of two even halves, in a divisive structure of ... In addition to this, the emphasis and role of the drum within the rhythmic patterns speaks further to these diasporic roots.[9] ... Consequently, the term clave has come to mean both the five-stroke pattern and the total matrix it exemplifies. In other words ... 8 rhythm as a feel, a term usually reserved for those aspects of musical nuance not practically suited for analysis. As used by ...
"This term was inherited from a naval battle game". Many role-playing games that came after Dungeons & Dragons have "abandoned ... Role-playing games also have specialized slang and jargon associated with them. Besides the terms listed here, there are ... Narrativist: A term from GNS theory describing games in which enjoyment is derived from creating a good story. Online RPG: A ... Simulationist: A term from GNS theory for games in which enjoyment is derived from deep immersion in a new (simulated) world. ...
Role of the calcium-binding protein parvalbumin in short-term synaptic plasticity. Olivier Caillard, Herman Moreno, Beat ... Role of the calcium-binding protein parvalbumin in short-term synaptic plasticity ... Role of the calcium-binding protein parvalbumin in short-term synaptic plasticity ... Role of the calcium-binding protein parvalbumin in short-term synaptic plasticity ...
... judge yesterday sentenced two officers of one of Princeton Universitys private eating clubs to 30 days in jail for their roles ... 2 at Princeton Get Jail Terms For Roles in Pledge Drinking. By DENNIS HEVESI Published: May 26, 1988. ... Citing their leadership roles, Judge Annich held yesterday held that Mr. Simpler and Ms. Napolitano were responsible for the ... said that a conviction of a bartender in a case involving drunken driving or a death would probably result in a jail term. ...
... Kory Kroft ... New Developments in Long-Term Asset Management. Public Policies in Canada and the United States. Entrepreneurship and Economic ... 2019 Tributes to Martin Feldsteins role at the NBER. 2019 Big Data and High-Performance Computing for Financial Economics. ... 2019 New Developments in Long-Term Asset Management. 2019 34th Annual Conference on Macroeconomics. Earlier Summer Institute ...
... are known for their role in the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP). Here we start by reviewing the early evidence for ... their role in LTP at CA1 synapses in the hippocampus. We then discuss more recent evidence that NMDAR dependent synaptic ... Long-term potentiation and the role of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors Brain Res. 2015 Sep 24;1621:5-16. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres ... N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) are known for their role in the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP). Here we ...
... Author(s). Hansen, Jim (Jim Wade), 1970- ... Terms of use. MIT theses may be protected by copyright. Please reuse MIT thesis content according to the MIT Libraries ...
Here we show that the same receptors mediate short-term plasticity manifested by frequency-dependent facilitation of evoked ... The Role of NMDA Receptor Subtypes in Short-Term Plasticity in the Rat Entorhinal Cortex,. Neural Plasticity,. vol. 2008. ,. ... Increasing attention is being paid to the role of preNMDAr as mediators of both long-term alterations in synaptic strength, and ... The Role of NMDA Receptor Subtypes in Short-Term Plasticity in the Rat Entorhinal Cortex. ...
10 (ANI): Afghanistan has rejected Pakistans allegations that India is playing a destructive role in Kabul. Khamma Press ... Afghanistan terms Paks claim of Indias destructive role in Kabul as baseless. ... India has played a major role in the reconstruction of Afghanistan since the fall of the Taliban regime and has invested over ... 10 (ANI): Afghanistan has rejected Pakistans allegations that India is playing a destructive role in Kabul. It called it as ...
Intensive Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy Trial Therapy: Effectiveness and Role of Unlocking the Unconscious. Abbass, Allan ... Short-term psychotherapy, Psychological assessment, Psychodynamic, Emotion National Category Applied Psychology Identifiers. ... This study examined the effects of trial therapy interviews using intensive short-term dynamic psychotherapy with 500 mixed ...
Long-term care expenditures under both of these entitlement programs are increasing rapidly as the demand for services is ... This paper provides an overview of public financing of long-term care services for the elderly under Medicare, Medicaid and ... Public Financing of Long-Term Care: Federal and State Roles An Analysis of Long-Term Care Reform Proposals The Past, Present, ... Public Financing of Long-Term Care: Federal and State Roles 09/01/1994 ...
Federal and State Roles Brian O. Burwell and William H. Crown SysteMetrics September 1994 PDF Version (43 PDF pages) ... Department of Health and Human Services Public Financing of Long-Term Care: ... Public Financing of Long-Term Care: Federal and State Roles An Analysis of Long-Term Care Reform Proposals The Economic Impact ... POLICY IMPLICATIONS OF STATE VARIATION IN LONG-TERM CARE FINANCING An understanding of the State role in long-term care is key ...
Terms and Conditions , Notice and Takedown Policy , Privacy Policy , Sitemap , Contact us ... I have shown that myometrial P4 levels do not change with labour onset and confirmed other groups reports that term labour is ...
... play a role in long-term memory and long-term potentiation (LTP). ERKI/II is required for the induction of the early phase of ... affect long-term memory without impairing short-term memory (Davis and Squire, 1984; Walz et al., 2000). A role for ERKI/II in ... The Role of Extracellular Regulated Kinases I/II in Late-Phase Long-Term Potentiation. Kobi Rosenblum, Marie Futter, Karen Voss ... The role of ERKI/II in short- and long-term synaptic plasticity. ERKI/II are both highly expressed in the soma and processes of ...
The Role of Partial Reinforcement in the Long Term Management of Insomnia (ADER). The safety and scientific validity of this ... The Role of Partial Reinforcement in the Long Term Management of Insomnia. ... Layout table for MeSH terms. Zolpidem. Sleep Aids, Pharmaceutical. Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders. Sleep Disorders ... The value of the proposed research resides in its capacity to provide for the long term treatment of insomnia in a manner that ...
... Neuron. 2007 Dec 6;56( ... new plasticity rule in which stimulation of distal perforant path inputs to hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons induces long-term ...
Remedi SeniorCare backs role of consultant pharmacists. *Evolving role of nursing homes, reimbursement and demographics the ... McKnights Long-Term Care News is the pre-eminent magazine for long-term caregiving professionals ... Coming to terms with Software as a Service agreements for long-term care ... Across healthcare, the role of pharmacists is evolving to be more integral to successful patient management as patient outcomes ...
McKnights Long-Term Care News is the pre-eminent magazine for long-term caregiving professionals ... What most long-term, tube-fed patients are unaware of is that choices exist and that they can choose a whole foods enteral ... The role of whole foods for enteral nutrition. Share this content: *facebook ... Whole foods play such a powerful role in disease prevention that including them in the diets of those chronically ill is ...
1 Comment on "Enzymes Essential Role in Long-Term Memory Refuted" * Madanagopal.V.C , January 5, 2013 at 5:19 am , Reply ... Enzymes Essential Role in Long-Term Memory Refuted TOPICS:MemoryMolecular BiologyNeuroscienceProtein ... The enzyme protein kinase M-ζ (PKM-ζ) was thought to be a fixture of long-term memory, as its inhibition could erase old ... Lenora Volk, part of Huganirs team, states that their study doesnt rule out the possibility that PKM-ζ plays a role in some ...
Long-term follow-up of European APL 2000 trial, evaluating the role of cytarabine combined with ATRA and Daunorubicin in the ... With long-term follow-up (median 103 months), the 7-year cumulative incidence of relapses was 28.6% in the no AraC group, ...
To explore the role of protein kinase A (PKA) in the late phase of long-term potentiation (L-LTP) and memory, we generated ... Genetic demonstration of a role for PKA in the late phase of LTP and in hippocampus-based long-term memory.. Abel T1, Nguyen PV ... Moreover, the L-LTP deficit was paralleled by behavioral deficits in spatial memory and in long-term but not short-term memory ... Thus, PKA plays a critical role in the consolidation of long-term memory. ...
Furthermore, transient risk factors permit successful short-term anticoagulation, whereas idiopathi... more ... The presence of risk factors plays a prominent role in the assessing the pretest probability of DVT. ... What is the role of risk factors in determining whether short-term or long-term anticoagulation therapy is warranted for deep ... The long-term clinical course of acute deep venous thrombosis. Ann Intern Med. 1996 Jul 1. 125(1):1-7. [Medline]. ...
A Novel Role for Protein Synthesis in Long-Term Neuronal Plasticity: Maintaining Reduced Postburst Afterhyperpolarization. ... A Novel Role for Protein Synthesis in Long-Term Neuronal Plasticity: Maintaining Reduced Postburst Afterhyperpolarization ... 2007) A novel role for extracellular signal-regulated kinase in maintaining long-term memory-relevant excitability changes. J ... A Novel Role for Protein Synthesis in Long-Term Neuronal Plasticity: Maintaining Reduced Postburst Afterhyperpolarization ...
... 01.04.2015 ... This is how bacteria efficiently contribute to carbon storage in the ocean and play an important and so far underestimated role ... Its guiding principle: Our research contributes to the sustainable use of natural resources and helps to provide long-term ...
... with short-term Ang II, −24.9±4.5%; with long-term Ang II, −52.1±7.2%). In conclusion, short- and long-term Ang II infusions ... Role of Nitric Oxide in Short-term and Prolonged Effects of Angiotensin II on Renal Hemodynamics. Xiaolin Deng, William J. ... Role of nitric oxide in long-term angiotensin II-induced renal vasoconstriction. Hypertension. 1993;21:949-955. ... Role of Nitric Oxide in Short-term and Prolonged Effects of Angiotensin II on Renal Hemodynamics ...
A Long Term Study of Sibutramine and the Role of Obesity Management in Relation to Cardiovascular Disease in Overweight and ... Additional relevant MeSH terms: Obesity. Overweight. Overnutrition. Nutrition Disorders. Body Weight. Signs and Symptoms. ... The purpose of the study was to determine the long-term effect of sibutramine treatment on cardiovascular outcomes in ...
"Banking Crises and Short and Medium Term Output Losses in Emerging and Developing Countries: The Role of Structural and Policy ... Banking Crises and Short and Medium Term Output Losses in Emerging and Developing Countries: The Role of Structural and Policy ...
The role of falling leptin levels in the neuroendocrine and metabolic adaptation to short-term starvation in healthy men. Jean ... Short-term fasting results in a rapid and marked decline in leptin levels out of proportion to the loss of fat mass (11, 12), ... Role of leptin in the neuroendocrine response to fasting. Nature. 1996. 382:250-252. View this article via: PubMed CrossRef ... these data in association with the role of leptin in normalizing neuroendocrine changes may have implications for the role of ...
Journal Article: The Modern Role of Radiation Therapy in Treating Advanced-Stage Retinoblastoma: Long-Term Outcomes and Racial ... Title: The Modern Role of Radiation Therapy in Treating Advanced-Stage Retinoblastoma: Long-Term Outcomes and Racial ... achieving excellent long-term local control and survival with low rates of treatment-related toxicity and secondary malignancy. ...
... TOPICS:MemoryNeuronsNeuroscienceOligomersStowers ... Be the first to comment on "Neuroscientists Discover that Drosophila Orb2 Plays Role in Long-Term Memory". ... CPEB-like proteins exist in all animals, and in brain cells they play a key role in maintaining the production of other synapse ... Fruit flies carrying this mutant form of Orb2 lost their ability to form long-term memories. "For the first 24 hours after a ...
... December 21, 2017, University of Louisville ... More information: Robert P. Friedland et al, The role of microbial amyloid in neurodegeneration, PLOS Pathogens (2017). DOI: ... T cells play a key role in the bodys immune response against pathogens. As a new class of therapeutic approaches, T cells are ... Named after the Greek goddess who spun the thread of life, Klotho proteins play an important role in the regulation of ...
  • Parvalbumin is a slow Ca 2+ buffer that may affect the amplitude and time course of intracellular Ca 2+ transients in terminals after an action potential, and hence may regulate short-term synaptic plasticity. (pnas.org)
  • These data show that parvalbumin potently modulates short-term synaptic plasticity. (pnas.org)
  • In the present work, we took advantage of the recent development of a strain of PV-deficient (PV−/−) mice ( 15 ) to investigate the effects of PV on short-term synaptic plasticity, using a PPR protocol. (pnas.org)
  • Here we show that the same receptors mediate short-term plasticity manifested by frequency-dependent facilitation of evoked glutamate release at these synapses. (hindawi.com)
  • Much attention has been devoted to the study of the role of NMDAr in synaptic plasticity, particularly in long-term potentiation (LTP) and depression (LTD). These studies have largely focussed on NMDAr at postsynaptic sites. (hindawi.com)
  • The ability to visualize the cellular redistribution of ERKII after induction of long-term synaptic plasticity may provide a method for visualizing neuronal circuits underlying information storage in the brain in vivo . (jneurosci.org)
  • To study short term exposure plasticity, we sampled Northern and Southern populations of Drosophila melanogaster, originating from distinct geographic regions and habitats in eastern North America. (upenn.edu)
  • This hippocampus model was developed by matching experimental data, including neuronal behavior, synaptic current dynamics, network spatial connectivity patterns, and short-term synaptic plasticity. (yale.edu)
  • 3) Experiment: the value of the variable Experiment determines the pattern of inputs to EC neurons, the duration of the experiment, activation of long-term plasticity, and changes in the level of neuromodulators. (yale.edu)
  • The purpose of the study was to determine the long-term effect of sibutramine treatment on cardiovascular outcomes in overweight and obese patients at risk of a cardiovascular event. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The Webcast Improving Long-Term Outcomes in Schizophrenia: The Role of Long-Acting Injectables will begin with a discussion on the clinical and economic challenges that mediation non adherence poses for the patient with schizophrenia and the health care system that supports that patient. (freecme.com)
  • Systemic inflammation is linked to poor short and long term outcomes in COPD. (bmj.com)
  • This retrospective cohort study analyzed the effect of three BMI variables and their interaction on long-term outcomes. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Objectives To summarise the evidence from studies of acute kidney injury (AKI) with regard to the effect of pre-AKI renal function and post-AKI renal function recovery on long-term mortality and renal outcomes, and to assess whether these factors should be taken into account in future prognostic studies. (bmj.com)
  • Outcomes Long-term mortality and worsening chronic kidney disease (CKD). (bmj.com)
  • Finally, the third aim was to investigate the consequences of both general student dispositions and situational academic emotions for short- and long-term educational outcomes. (helsinki.fi)
  • A subset of CE providers capable of conducting evaluations of long-term performance outcomes of prescribers who completed their REMS-compliant CE courses, or organizations that specialize in CE outcomes will be engaged to conduct such long-term assessments. (accme.org)
  • The long-term performance outcomes assessments of prescribers will be in addition to the post-tests conducted by CE providers immediately after all REMS-compliant CE courses. (accme.org)
  • Where possible under the Standards of Commercial Support, the survey questionnaire used for the CE providers' long-term performance outcomes assessments of prescribers who completed REMS-compliant CE courses will be similar to the survey questionnaire used in the REMS surveys of prescribers. (accme.org)
  • 1] Although data are not yet available, co-infections, such as HIV/AIDS, may also be associated with more severe outcomes, and optimal nutrition plays an important role in maintaining health among people with such infections. (harvard.edu)
  • Citing their leadership roles, Judge Annich held yesterday held that Mr. Simpler and Ms. Napolitano were responsible for the evening's events. (nytimes.com)
  • And yet, as we saw this week at our SCM World Live event in Miami, there are a growing number of women in high-impact leadership roles who are not only driving their companies forward, but also setting an example for young female engineers and business students hoping to join the exciting world of supply chain. (sdcexec.com)
  • The clear effect of protein synthesis inhibitors on long-term memory was studied extensively mainly in the context of late-phase long-term potentiation (LTP) ( Abraham and Williams, 2008 ). (jneurosci.org)
  • To elucidate the role of leptin in regulating neuroendocrine and metabolic function during an acute fast, six to eight healthy, lean men were studied under four separate conditions: a baseline fed state and three 72-hour fasting studies with administration of either placebo, low-dose recombinant-methionyl human leptin (r-metHuLeptin), or replacement-dose r-metHuLeptin designed to maintain serum leptin at levels similar to those in the fed state. (jci.org)
  • The role of leptin in normalizing several starvation-induced neuroendocrine changes may have important implications for the pathophysiology and treatment of eating disorders and obesity. (jci.org)
  • However, leptin's anorexigenic effects are diminished in diet-induced obese animals despite an increase in circulating levels, a condition termed leptin resistance. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Our medical society needs to understand how pivotal a role whole foods nutrition plays not only in prevention, but in treatment of the chronically ill. (mcknights.com)
  • Collectively, our results suggest that defective autophagy plays a pivotal role in fluoride neurotoxicity, and mTOR might be a promising target for the prevention and treatment of fluoride neurotoxicity. (fluoridealert.org)
  • The knowledge that steroids play a pivotal role in the development of breast cancer has been exploited clinically by the development of endocrine treatments, predominantly by estrogen withdrawal or antagonism of the actions of estrogen. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Nurses play a pivotal role in antibiotic stewardship. (cdc.gov)
  • Abstract Short-term infusions of angiotensin II (Ang II) increase renal vascular resistance and thereby endothelial shear stress and nitric oxide (NO) release. (ahajournals.org)
  • The role of short-term implicit memory in probability coding and associative learning [Abstract]. (arvojournals.org)
  • Within this framework, the RSC plays a dual role as part of the feedforward network providing sensory and mnemonic input to the HPC and as a target of the hippocampal-dependent systems consolidation of long-term memory. (frontiersin.org)
  • The role of mGluRs in hippocampal functioning is discussed in the light of these findings. (bl.uk)
  • While sleep can result in sustained drops in ventilation and consequent hypoxemia similar to what is seen in COPD, OSA is typified by a form of sleep-related hypoxemia in a pattern termed as chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH). (mdedge.com)
  • Our observations suggest a critical role for IL-1b-induced choroidal degeneration leading to long-term sub- and outer-retinal disorder following OIR/ROP, as a result of marked hypoxia. (arvojournals.org)
  • Specific subclasses of GABAergic (GABA = γ- aminobutyric acid) neurons from different brain regions contain high levels of PV both in their soma and in their processes, but the physiological role of PV in brain neurons remains unclear ( 10 , 13 , 14 ). (pnas.org)
  • Huganir's mice showed normal levels of long-term potentiation, the strengthening of synapses between two neurons. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Signaling pathways using ERKI/II are excellent candidates for transducing long-term changes in neuronal gene expression and function triggered by extracellular stimuli. (jneurosci.org)
  • Short-term modulation of intrinsic neuronal excitability can be also induced in vitro . (jneurosci.org)
  • Here we start by reviewing the early evidence for their role in LTP at CA1 synapses in the hippocampus. (nih.gov)
  • While studying fruit flies, neuroscientists at the Stowers Institute for Medical Research discovered a major clue in how synapses stay strong and keep long-term memories alive. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Their research hints that oligomers play a larger role in the brain than previously thought and that self-sustaining populations of oligomers located at synapses may be the key to long-term memory. (scitechdaily.com)
  • The model was then used to investigate the role of short-term synaptic depression at the recurrent synapses in CA3, and inhibition by basket cell (BC) interneurons and oriens lacunosum-moleculare (OLM) interneurons in containing the unstable spread of excitatory activity in the network. (yale.edu)
  • However, owing to the fact that NMDA receptor blockade does indeed cause a number of side effects, subsequent experiments investigated the role of a novel class of receptor, the metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR), in both LTP and spatial learning. (bl.uk)
  • We have previously reported a physiological role for kisspeptin signalling in the islet adaptation to pregnancy, using a β-cell specific GPR54 knockout mouse line (βGPR54ko). (endocrine-abstracts.org)
  • These results suggest that endogenous kisspeptin acting on the β-cells plays a physiological role in maintaining healthy glucose homeostasis with age in females, but that this role is less significant in males. (endocrine-abstracts.org)
  • The Roles of Medicare and Medicaid in Financing Health and Long-Term Care for Low-Income Seniors , a new Commonwealth Fund chart book by Harriet Komisar and Judith Feder of Georgetown University and Daniel Gilden of JEN Associates, examines Medicare-Medicaid enrollees in Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, and Wisconsin. (commonwealthfund.org)
  • Moreover, the L-LTP deficit was paralleled by behavioral deficits in spatial memory and in long-term but not short-term memory for contextual fear conditioning. (nih.gov)
  • The retrosplenial cortex (RSC) is anatomically positioned between limbic areas important for memory formation, such as the hippocampus (HPC) and the anterior thalamus, and cortical regions along the dorsal stream known to contribute importantly to long-term spatial representation, such as the posterior parietal cortex. (frontiersin.org)
  • In addition to spatial cognition, the RSC plays a key role in contextual and episodic memory. (frontiersin.org)
  • The RSC also contributes importantly to the acquisition and consolidation of long-term spatial and contextual memory through its interactions with the HPC. (frontiersin.org)
  • Indeed, many of the brain regions known to be involved in spatial navigation also play a prominent role in these other forms of memory processing. (frontiersin.org)
  • We argue that the RSC plays a critical role in the formation and long-term storage of allocentric spatial representations by virtue of a more basic contribution processing cues and cue associations. (frontiersin.org)
  • These associations are essential building blocks of spatial and contextual representations, and also play an important role in episodic memory functions. (frontiersin.org)
  • These findings demonstrate that increased DA overflow in response to cocaine cannot account for the short-term expression of behavioral sensitization to cocaine. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Findings - The results show that the highest chance for task conflict to evolve into relationship conflict is when groups (both short‐term and long‐term) have less effective emotion regulation processes, while task and relationship conflict are rather decoupled in long‐term groups scoring high on emotion regulation. (deepdyve.com)
  • The collective findings of this research show that legacy P in soils plays a dominant role in determining P availability as influenced by land management. (lincoln.ac.nz)
  • These findings reveal a new role for ISG15 in fighting bacterial infections and bring to light a number of interesting avenues to explore in future studies. (pasteur.fr)
  • These findings suggest an important role for BIM in eliminating activated T cells even when IL-2 is abundant, working in conjunction with Fas to eliminate chronically stimulated T cells and maintain immune homeostasis. (nih.gov)
  • The elderly pay a much higher percentage of long-term care costs privately than they do for acute care. (hhs.gov)
  • Treatment of symptomatic lower extremity acute deep venous thrombosis: role of mechanical thrombectomy. (medscape.com)
  • This spending reflects relatively high use of acute care services, which are primarily financed by Medicare, as well as the use of long-term care services, which are primarily a Medicaid responsibility. (commonwealthfund.org)
  • Thrombocytosis is an accessible, independent predictor of short term and 1-year mortality in acute exacerbations of COPD, and antiplatelet therapy may be associated with a survival benefit. (bmj.com)
  • Long-term prognosis after acute kidney injury (AKI): what is the role of baseline kidney function and recovery? (bmj.com)
  • Andrew Bentley: Is There a Role for Regional Long Term Ventilation and Weaning Centres Outside of Acute ICUs? (freeemergencytalks.net)
  • We can see in alzheimer's disease, only short term memory is affected. (scitechdaily.com)
  • A fresh meta-analysis performed by researchers reveals that aerobic exercise may play a role in preventing the onset of Alzheimer's disease. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Synaptic transmission is a highly dynamic and plastic process, modified on-demand by a myriad of instantaneous, short, intermediate, and long-term regulatory mechanisms. (hindawi.com)
  • Effects of long-term fluoride exposure on cognitive ability and the underlying mechanisms: Role of autophagy and its association with apoptosis. (fluoridealert.org)
  • The ability to selectively erase recently induced potentiation in this way might provide an alternative to pharmacological intervention in future studies of the role of LTP-like mechanisms in memory storage. (bl.uk)
  • Rather, an enhanced DA response develops during later stages of the sensitization process and, therefore, may be one of the mechanisms responsible for the long-term expression of cocaine sensitization. (aspetjournals.org)
  • N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) are known for their role in the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP). (nih.gov)
  • Chemokine receptors play a central role in lymphocyte recruitment by rapidly transmitting intracellular signals and triggering increased integrin affinity to adhesion molecule ligands displayed by endothelial cells ( 3 ). (jimmunol.org)
  • The role of specific chemokine receptors in attracting activated lymphocytes appears to be both stimulus and organ dependent, contributing to inflammatory and homeostatic tissue localization of lymphocyte subsets ( 5 ). (jimmunol.org)
  • Extracellular regulated kinases (ERKI/II), members of the mitogen-activated protein kinase family, play a role in long-term memory and long-term potentiation (LTP). (jneurosci.org)
  • The Annals of Long-Term Care: Clinical Care indicates that many of these formulas lack crucial micronutrients despite containing an adequate provision of calories and protein. (mcknights.com)
  • The enzyme protein kinase M-ζ (PKM-ζ) was thought to be a fixture of long-term memory, as its inhibition could erase old memories, whilst adding it could strengthen faded ones. (scitechdaily.com)
  • To explore the role of protein kinase A (PKA) in the late phase of long-term potentiation (L-LTP) and memory, we generated transgenic mice that express R(AB), an inhibitory form of the regulatory subunit of PKA, only in the hippocampus and other forebrain regions by using the promoter from the gene encoding Ca2+/ calmodulin protein kinase IIalpha. (nih.gov)
  • These deficits in long-term memory were similar to those produced by protein synthesis inhibition. (nih.gov)
  • Memory consolidation, the process of transformation of short-term to long-term memory, has been shown to be protein synthesis dependent in a variety of different learning paradigms, brain structures, and species. (jneurosci.org)
  • application of protein synthesis inhibitors prevents the transformation of early long-term potentiation (LTP) to late LTP. (jneurosci.org)
  • Thus, protein synthesis has been traditionally thought to affect long-term memory consolidation by stabilizing synaptic transmission. (jneurosci.org)
  • Sajikumar and Frey, 2003 ), we tested whether a similar obligatory role exists for protein synthesis in long-term induction of AHP reduction. (jneurosci.org)
  • Neuroscientists at the Stowers Institute for Medical Research have discovered a major clue from a study in fruit flies: Hardy, self-copying clusters or oligomers of a synapse protein are an essential ingredient for the formation of long-term memory. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Here, we report that F-box only protein 22 (FBXO22) plays a dual role in mammary tumorigenesis and metastasis. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Researchers from the Institut Pasteur, Inserm, INRA and the University of Freiburg have uncovered the key role played by the protein ISG15 in the fight against bacterial infections. (pasteur.fr)
  • Researchers have identified a protein that plays an important, early role in the increase of protective skin pigmentation after exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. (emaxhealth.com)
  • External beam radiation therapy continues to be an effective treatment modality for advanced retinoblastoma, achieving excellent long-term local control and survival with low rates of treatment-related toxicity and secondary malignancy. (osti.gov)
  • Since no commonly accepted clinical guidelines on long-term follow-up are available so far, the aim of this study is to evaluate the post-surgical follow-up and the progression-free survival (PFS) of LC, in order to better elucidate the indication for imaging and/or biochemical marker (BM) screening. (enets.org)
  • Increasing survival of premature neonates has uncovered long-term disorders. (arvojournals.org)
  • Long-term residence of a graft is an insufficient stimulus for the induction of tolerance. (rupress.org)
  • Role of self-efficacy and social support in short-term recovery after total hip replacement: a prospective cohort study. (nivel.nl)
  • The role of preoperative self-efficacy and outcome expectancies in predicting short-term functional recovery and length of hospital stay after total hip replacement or total knee replacement: a prospective, observational study. (uu.nl)
  • TRENTON, N.J. - Two Trenton men were sentenced today to prison terms for their respective roles in a drug trafficking organization that distributed hundreds of grams of heroin in the Trenton area, U.S. Attorney Craig Carpenito announced. (justice.gov)
  • DALLAS - Eight North Texas residents, who were convicted for their respective roles in a methamphetamine distribution conspiracy that operated in North Texas and elsewhere, have been sentenced to lengthy federal prison terms. (ice.gov)
  • Increasing attention is being paid to the role of preNMDAr as mediators of both long-term alterations in synaptic strength, and in moment-to-moment and short-term activity-dependent changes in transmitter release. (hindawi.com)
  • A literature review on the role and efficacy of vitamin D supplementation. (academon.com)
  • What is the role of risk factors in determining whether short-term or long-term anticoagulation therapy is warranted for deep venous thrombosis (DVT)? (medscape.com)
  • Furthermore, transient risk factors permit successful short-term anticoagulation, whereas idiopathic deep venous thrombosis or chronic or persistent risk factors warrant long-term therapy. (medscape.com)
  • Nevertheless, despite their long-term benefits, some tumors eventually become resistant to therapy. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Thrombocytosis is associated with increased short and long term mortality after exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a role for antiplatelet therapy? (bmj.com)
  • Antiplatelet therapy was associated with significantly lower 1-year mortality and may have a protective role to play in patients with AECOPD. (bmj.com)
  • To determine the risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) recurrence after early withdrawal of HBIg in patients receiving lamivudine maintenance therapy, 20 patients receiving a course of HBIg and lamivudine after transplantation and long-term maintenance therapy with lamivudine and 9 patients receiving HBIg and lamivudine indefinitely were analyzed. (cun.es)
  • We investigated the effects of FKBP5 rs1360780 genotype on Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET) outcome, an exposure-based short-term therapy, in a sample of 43 survivors of the rebel war in Northern Uganda. (uni-konstanz.de)
  • However, the FKBP5 genotype significantly moderated the long-term effectiveness of exposure-based psychotherapy. (uni-konstanz.de)
  • Long-term follow-up of European APL 2000 trial, evaluating the role of cytarabine combined with ATRA and Daunorubicin in the treatment of nonelderl. (nih.gov)
  • An initial phase of the synaptic potentiation, which is generally termed short-term potentiation (STP), decays in an activity-dependent manner and comprises two components that differ in their kinetics and NMDAR subtype dependence. (nih.gov)
  • Lenora Volk, part of Huganir's team, states that their study doesn't rule out the possibility that PKM-ζ plays a role in some forms of memory, but it's not the essential master regulator of memory that the literature suggests. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Thus, PKA plays a critical role in the consolidation of long-term memory. (nih.gov)
  • The presence of risk factors plays a prominent role in the assessing the pretest probability of DVT. (medscape.com)
  • Long-term memory stored in cortex also plays an important role in support of context representations ( Bar and Aminoff, 2003 ) and episodic memory ( Danker and Anderson, 2010 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • However, it is not clear what role ISG15 plays in fighting bacterial infections. (pasteur.fr)
  • However, those increases could be prevented by a cAMP inhibitor, indicating that the cAMP pathway plays a critical role in the increased levels of SOX9 after UV exposure. (emaxhealth.com)
  • This study was undertaken to analyze presentation and outcome and to assess the role of angiography in diagnosis and management of this complication. (nih.gov)
  • We also report that NMDAR dependent long-term depression (NMDAR-LTD) is sensitive to a glycine site NMDAR antagonist. (nih.gov)
  • Tanaka K, Khiroug L, Santamaria F, Doi T, Ogasawara H, Ellis-Davies GCR, Augustine GJ: Ca 2+ requirements for cerebellar long-term synaptic depression: role for a postsynaptic leaky integrator. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Kuroda S, Schweighofer N, Kawato M: Exploration of signal transduction pathways in cerebellar long-term depression by kinetics simulation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This is how bacteria efficiently contribute to carbon storage in the ocean and play an important and so far underestimated role for our climate. (innovations-report.com)
  • Friedland and Chapman propose the term "mapranosis" for the process by which amyloid proteins produced by microbes (bacteria, fungi and others) alter the structure of proteins (proteopathy) and enhance inflammation in the nervous system, thereby initiating or augmenting brain disease . (medicalxpress.com)
  • Airborne microbes (bacteria, archaea, protists, and fungi) were surveyed over a 7-y period via high-throughput massive sequencing of 16S and 18S rRNA genes in rain and snow samples collected fortnightly at a high-elevation mountain Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network site (LTER-Aigüestortes, Central Pyrenees, Spain). (pnas.org)
  • Long-term care expenditures under both of these entitlement programs are increasing rapidly as the demand for services is fueled by the demographics of an aging population. (hhs.gov)
  • Here, we extend these studies and examine the role of ERKI/II regulation in the transcriptional response associated with the persistent expression of LTP. (jneurosci.org)
  • Few studies examine the role of platelets in COPD. (bmj.com)
  • Besides the terms listed here, there are numerous terms used in the context of specific, individual RPGs such as Dungeons & Dragons (D&D), Fate and Vampire: The Masquerade. (wikipedia.org)
  • While this paper is limited to a discussion of public financing of long-term care services, it is important to put this discussion in a proper context. (hhs.gov)
  • Historically, nursing home stays were long-term and often the final care setting for many patients. (mcknights.com)
  • Today, more stays are short-term as patients have similar clinical needs but more options than generations before. (mcknights.com)
  • Instead of increasing independence, functional ability and minimizing disease, these formulas can sometimes produce health complications that detract from long-term patients' quality of life, of which can often be minimized by the introduction of a USDA-certified organic, whole foods formula. (mcknights.com)
  • What most long-term, tube-fed patients are unaware of is that choices exist and that they can choose a whole foods enteral formula. (mcknights.com)
  • Why would we want to feed glyphosate to anyone, much less society's most vulnerable, chronically or critically ill long-term care patients? (mcknights.com)
  • Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) of 228 isolates was used to elucidate the origin and dynamics of a long-term outbreak of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) sequence type 228 (ST228) SCC mec I that involved 1,600 patients in a tertiary care hospital between 2008 and 2012. (asm.org)
  • Unrecognized MRSA carriers, together with movements of patients within the hospital, also seem to have played a major role. (asm.org)
  • Unrecognized MRSA carriers, the movement of patients within the hospital, and the low detection with clinical specimens were also factors that played a role in this occurrence. (asm.org)
  • In terms of extrinsic factors, many aspects of the hospital setting can impact transmission, including compliance with infection control measures, patients' comorbidities, bed occupancy, and the number of nurses per patient ( 4 , 5 ). (asm.org)
  • Patients who adhere to long-term prophylaxis with lamivudine after early withdrawal of HBIg have a low risk of HBV recurrence, similar to those who receive combination prophylaxis. (cun.es)
  • Background: A substantial group of patients who have undergo a total hip replacement (THR) or total knee replacement (TKR) shows a delayed short-term functional recovery and prolonged length of hospital stay (LoS). (uu.nl)
  • Advances in multiple myeloma treatment over the past decade have transformed the prognosis for many patients, but the same treatment advances require oncology nurses to be more aware of potential side effects of medications and to play a greater role in monitoring and educating patients about them. (lww.com)
  • But today patients are surviving much longer with the newer treatment options, and this means we need to reassess our role as nurses caring for such patients and be more aware of potential side effects of newer medications and how to ameliorate them. (lww.com)
  • We must be willing to take a leadership role in educating patients about them and monitoring their response. (lww.com)
  • Interactions between Ang II and NO in the kidney may have a critical role in governing renal hemodynamics, 1 2 3 4 tubular NaCl and fluid reabsorption, 5 tubuloglomerular feedback, 6 and afferent arteriolar vasoconstriction. (ahajournals.org)
  • Task and relationship conflict in short‐term and long‐term groups The critical role of. (deepdyve.com)
  • As FKBP5 single-nucleotide polymorphism rs1360780 has a putative functional role in the regulation of FKBP5 expression and GR sensitivity, we hypothesized that this polymorphism influences PTSD treatment success. (uni-konstanz.de)
  • Rats were tested during graded short-term (30 to 90 minutes intravenous) or prolonged (5 to 6 days subcutaneous) Ang II infusions that led to dose-dependent increases in blood pressure and renal vascular resistance and reductions in renal blood flow. (ahajournals.org)
  • The percent increase in renal vascular resistance with L-NAME was potentiated dose dependently by short-term but not long-term Ang II infusions. (ahajournals.org)
  • In conclusion, short- and long-term Ang II infusions caused equivalent changes in blood pressure and renal blood flow and hence presumably equivalent increases in endothelial shear stress. (ahajournals.org)
  • However, only short-term Ang II infusions increased NO generation and the dependence of the renal circulation on NO, whereas acetylcholine-induced NO release was enhanced selectively during long-term Ang II infusions. (ahajournals.org)
  • This suggests that during long-term Ang II, renal NO release may become uncoupled from shear stress yet remains highly responsive to receptor-mediated stimulation. (ahajournals.org)
  • 7 8 Inhibition of NOS in the rat augments the renal vasoconstrictor responses to short-term infusions of Ang II. (ahajournals.org)
  • Conclusions The long-term prognosis after AKI varies depending on cause and clinical setting, but it may also, in part, be explained by underlying pre-AKI and post-AKI renal function rather than the AKI episode itself. (bmj.com)
  • Future allocations of foreign assistance for health by the United States should consider investments focused on the greatest return, and also those that require strong leadership and commitment where the United States could play a role, such as the examples described below. (nap.edu)
  • This study analyzed phonological short-term memory (PSTM) and working memory (WM) and their relationship with vocabulary and grammar learning in an artificial foreign language. (cambridge.org)
  • In experiments and modeling we show that sequential dependencies in the response play a major role in eliciting this probability effect and that the implicit short-term memory mechanism of Priming of Pop Out (PoP) can be implicated in the genesis of probability effects on reaction times. (arvojournals.org)
  • The nonbinding nature of the long-term strategies should help catalyze the exchange between alternative visions of long-term, low-emissions development. (wri.org)
  • The complementarity between NDCs and long-term strategies lies in the capacity to seize the opportunity created by the latter to explore dimensions that can inform the design of NDCs, like different options for ambitious mitigation and associated complex and politically sensitive issues, like the articulation with development objectives. (wri.org)
  • The DDPP results provide a proof of concept for how these principles can support the development of scenarios and the design of long-term strategies. (wri.org)
  • In humans, the emotional nature of stimuli appears to have a complex influence on long-term declarative memory for those stimuli: Whereas emotion enhances memory for gist, it may suppress memory for detail. (nih.gov)
  • Long-term memory for gist and for visual detail of aversive and neutral scenes was assessed in 20 subjects with unilateral amygdala damage and 1 rare subject with bilateral amygdala damage. (nih.gov)
  • This paper provides an overview of public financing of long-term care services for the elderly under Medicare, Medicaid and other public programs. (hhs.gov)
  • In addition to presenting statistical highlights, this report also describes the organizational characteristics of the public financing of long-term care, and how the financing of long-term care varies across states. (hhs.gov)
  • In addition to presenting statistical highlights, the chapter also describes the organizational characteristics of the public financing of long-term care, and how the financing of long-term care vanes across states. (hhs.gov)
  • Public financing of long-term care services is substantial, and is increasing in response to the growing demand for services. (hhs.gov)
  • But it is important to underscore the fact that most long-term care is not publicly funded, and very little long-term care is financed through private insurance. (hhs.gov)
  • Most long-term care is provided informally by the spouses, children, relatives and friends of the disabled elderly who needs assistance in everyday life activities. (hhs.gov)
  • In addition, when the elderly and their families turn to the formal health care system for help with long-term care services, they are much more likely to pay for their care out of their own pockets. (hhs.gov)
  • The value of the proposed research resides in its capacity to provide for the long term treatment of insomnia in a manner that increases the durability of pharmacotherapy while reducing the overall amount of medication required. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Responding to this growth and the evolving needs within alternate sites of care, the Long Term Care Division of the National Community Pharmacists Association (NCPA) has been an important resource to help identify the most critical business issues and advocate on behalf of the pharmacies they serve. (mcknights.com)
  • These studies suggested that long-term memory was fragile and depended on the continuous activity of a single enzyme. (scitechdaily.com)
  • These animals still showed normal long-term potentiation. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Thus there is no room for enzyme activity in promoting long term memory. (scitechdaily.com)
  • With long-term follow-up (median 103 months), the 7-year cumulative incidence of relapses was 28.6% in the no AraC group, compared to 12.9% in the AraC group (P = 0.0065). (nih.gov)
  • Genetic demonstration of a role for PKA in the late phase of LTP and in hippocampus-based long-term memory. (nih.gov)
  • Here, we show that synaptic activation-induced short-term postburst AHP reduction can be transformed to long-term AHP reduction, such that persists for prolonged time periods. (jneurosci.org)
  • The purpose of the present study was to explore whether long-term AHP reduction can be also induced by synaptic activation. (jneurosci.org)
  • Upon stimulation, Orb2 (shown in yellow) forms amyloid-like oligomers (shown in red), which are an essential ingredient for the formation of long-term memory. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Fruit flies carrying this mutant form of Orb2 lost their ability to form long-term memories. (scitechdaily.com)
  • This article considers long-term business recovery in the aftermath of Hurricane Wilma in Palm Beach County, Florida, and seeks to discern the role and impact of county government operations on business recovery. (degruyter.com)
  • However, the biological roles of autophagy , especially its interplay with apoptosis in the neurotoxicity induced by long-term fluoride exposure remain unclear. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Here we review evidence that the RSC is positioned between regions that play an important role in memory formation and allocentric representation, and regions known to be involved in long-term memory and egocentric representation. (frontiersin.org)
  • We investigated whether zebra finch nestlings pay attention to who takes care of them (short-term social effects) and whether parental sex roles, i.e., how much each parent provides to offspring, are socially learned and how these early social experiences influence negotiation rules of parental effort as adults (long-term social effects). (frontiersin.org)
  • Medicaid fills critical gaps in health coverage for Medicare beneficiaries with low incomes or for many in need of extensive long-term care services. (commonwealthfund.org)
  • Medicaid also pays for services not covered under Medicare, the most important being prescription drugs, nursing home care, and other home- and community-based long-term care services. (commonwealthfund.org)
  • Medicaid financed 59 percent of this spending, reflecting the significant amount of long-term care received by elderly Medicare-Medicaid enrollees. (commonwealthfund.org)
  • He also serves as the operations manager for the Long-Term Athlete Development (LTAD) program at the institution's Center for Excellence for Sport Science and Coach Education, the Olympic Training Site on the ETSU campus. (ussa.edu)
  • To study the long-term effects of estrogen deprivation on breast cancer, MCF-7Ca human estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cells stably transfected with human aromatase gene were cultured in the steroid-depleted medium for 6 to 8 months until they had acquired the ability to grow. (aacrjournals.org)
  • These atypical colonization and transmission dynamics can help explain how the outbreak was maintained over the long term. (asm.org)
  • Role of extracellular dopamine in the initiation and long-term expression of behavioral sensitization to cocaine. (aspetjournals.org)
  • a close long-term follow-up is required. (enets.org)
  • Long-term retinal sequelae of ROP have also been documented. (arvojournals.org)
  • Neonatal preservation of the choroid using IL-1ra, prevents long-term sub- and outer retinal anomalies that can occur following OIR/ROP. (arvojournals.org)
  • Design/methodology/approach - A field study was conducted to test the interaction of emotion regulation and task conflict on the emergence of relationship conflict in 43 short‐term (temporary) groups and 44 long‐term groups. (deepdyve.com)
  • These studies further examined how the student profiles differed, in Study II, in terms of course-specific experiences, self-study time and study success and, in Study III, in terms of long-term academic achievement. (helsinki.fi)
  • Study V examined the short- and long-term effects of the first-year study engagement on the daily experiences of task-specific value and emotions. (helsinki.fi)
  • Finally, studies using an intra-individual approach showed that daily autonomous and controlled goal motivation was related to students' situational academic emotions and that first-year study engagement was related to daily situational experiences both short- and long-term. (helsinki.fi)
  • These dispositions are related not only to students' immediate, everyday experiences and study success but also their long-term academic achievement. (helsinki.fi)
  • iii) long-term ecology trial, Lincoln, New Zealand. (lincoln.ac.nz)
  • The third and fourth experiments assessed, respectively, long-term and short-term impacts of plant biomass retention or removal in soil biogeochemical properties after 20 years, in absence of P inputs. (lincoln.ac.nz)
  • However, the long-term residence alone of such a graft per se, does not necessarily lead to the establishment of systemic tolerance in the recipient. (rupress.org)
  • What is the role of accredited CME providers in the long-term evaluations for the ER/LA Opioid Analgesics REMS? (accme.org)
  • When these mutants were analyzed in a mouse model of UTI, Ag43a (but not Ag43b) promoted long-term persistence in the urinary bladder. (edu.au)
  • This report demonstrates the role of epidemiologic surveillance and investigation in the control of infectious diseases in a long-term refugee camp. (umn.edu)
  • We conclude that simple epidemiologic methods play an important role in health planning in long-term refugee camps. (umn.edu)
  • Elias, CJ , Alexander, BH & Sokly, T 1990, ' Infectious disease control in a long-term refugee camp: The role of epidemiologic surveillance and investigation ', American journal of public health , vol. 80, no. 7, pp. 824-828. (umn.edu)
  • Using wet bioaerosols collected fortnightly over a 7-y period at a mountaintop Long-Term Ecological Research Network site, we generated the most comprehensive long-term monitoring of the airborne microbiome reported to date. (pnas.org)
  • This chapter discusses several approaches for global health investment, including broad and cross-cutting goals such as global public goods, health system strengthening, and long-term visioning. (nap.edu)
  • and the promotion of cardiovascular health and prevention of cancer, there are clear benefits to investing in global public goods, health systems strengthening, and long-term programs that lead to lasting change. (nap.edu)
  • cross-cutting areas can produce large returns and long-term benefits. (nap.edu)
  • They are also influenced by current owners and potential future puppy buyers, without whom a breed is unlikely to be viable in the long term. (thekennelclub.org.uk)
  • Terminal erythroid differentiation is tightly coordinated with cell cycle exit, which is regulated by cyclins, cyclin-dependent kinases and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CDKI), yet their roles in erythropoiesis remain to be fully defined. (bloodjournal.org)
  • In this work, researchers from the Institut Pasteur, Inserm, INRA and the University of Freiburg studied the role of ISG15 in human cells exposed to Listeria monocytogenes, a bacterium that can cause serious food poisoning in humans. (pasteur.fr)
  • Additionally, we were able to inhibit systematically the catalytic action of PKG on IP 3 R and G substrate, and our results indicate that both phosphorylations are important to the regulatory role of NO-PKG pathway in the cerebellar LTD. We have similar results to LTD induced by synaptic activity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • If custom controls are created, however, or interface elements are programmed (in code or script) to have a different role and/or function than usual, then additional measures need to be taken to ensure that the controls provide important information to assistive technologies and allow themselves to be controlled by assistive technologies. (w3.org)
  • 2.1 While their mandate is purely advisory, the RACs play an important role in the maintenance of an adequate level of preparedness and response to marine oil spills in their respective regions. (gc.ca)