Teratogens: An agent that causes the production of physical defects in the developing embryo.Abnormalities, Drug-Induced: Congenital abnormalities caused by medicinal substances or drugs of abuse given to or taken by the mother, or to which she is inadvertently exposed during the manufacture of such substances. The concept excludes abnormalities resulting from exposure to non-medicinal chemicals in the environment.Limb Deformities, Congenital: Congenital structural deformities of the upper and lower extremities collectively or unspecified.Valproic Acid: A fatty acid with anticonvulsant properties used in the treatment of epilepsy. The mechanisms of its therapeutic actions are not well understood. It may act by increasing GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID levels in the brain or by altering the properties of voltage dependent sodium channels.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: An umbrella term used to describe a pattern of disabilities and abnormalities that result from fetal exposure to ETHANOL during pregnancy. It encompasses a phenotypic range that can vary greatly between individuals, but reliably includes one or more of the following: characteristic facial dysmorphism, FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION, central nervous system abnormalities, cognitive and/or behavioral dysfunction, BIRTH DEFECTS. The level of maternal alcohol consumption does not necessarily correlate directly with disease severity.Congenital Abnormalities: Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.Embryo, Mammalian: The entity of a developing mammal (MAMMALS), generally from the cleavage of a ZYGOTE to the end of embryonic differentiation of basic structures. For the human embryo, this represents the first two months of intrauterine development preceding the stages of the FETUS.Neural Tube Defects: Congenital malformations of the central nervous system and adjacent structures related to defective neural tube closure during the first trimester of pregnancy generally occurring between days 18-29 of gestation. Ectodermal and mesodermal malformations (mainly involving the skull and vertebrae) may occur as a result of defects of neural tube closure. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, pp31-41)Maternal-Fetal Exchange: Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.Thalidomide: A piperidinyl isoindole originally introduced as a non-barbiturate hypnotic, but withdrawn from the market due to teratogenic effects. It has been reintroduced and used for a number of immunological and inflammatory disorders. Thalidomide displays immunosuppressive and anti-angiogenic activity. It inhibits release of TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR-ALPHA from monocytes, and modulates other cytokine action.Ethanol: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Embryonic and Fetal Development: Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS or FETUSES.Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Tretinoin: An important regulator of GENE EXPRESSION during growth and development, and in NEOPLASMS. Tretinoin, also known as retinoic acid and derived from maternal VITAMIN A, is essential for normal GROWTH; and EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT. An excess of tretinoin can be teratogenic. It is used in the treatment of PSORIASIS; ACNE VULGARIS; and several other SKIN DISEASES. It has also been approved for use in promyelocytic leukemia (LEUKEMIA, PROMYELOCYTIC, ACUTE).Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Veratrum: A plant genus of the family LILIACEAE with roots that contain VERATRUM ALKALOIDS used as emetics, parasiticides, antihypertensives. It is the main ingredient of Boicil.Morning Sickness: Symptoms of NAUSEA and VOMITING in pregnant women that usually occur in the morning during the first 2 to 3 months of PREGNANCY. Severe persistent vomiting during pregnancy is called HYPEREMESIS GRAVIDARUM.Datura stramonium: A plant species of the genus DATURA, family SOLANACEAE, that contains TROPANES and other SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS.Senecio: A species of toxic plants of the Compositae. The poisonous compounds are alkaloids which cause cattle diseases, neoplasms, and liver damage and are used to produce cancers in experimental animals.Dichloroethylenes: Toxic chlorinated unsaturated hydrocarbons. Include both the 1,1- and 1,2-dichloro isomers. Both isomers are toxic, but 1,1-dichloroethylene is the more potent CNS depressant and hepatotoxin. It is used in the manufacture of thermoplastic polymers.United States Indian Health Service: A division of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that is responsible for the public health and the provision of medical services to NATIVE AMERICANS in the United States, primarily those residing on reservation lands.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Alcoholic Intoxication: An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Indians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.Nurse Practitioners: Nurses who are specially trained to assume an expanded role in providing medical care under the supervision of a physician.Alcohol-Induced Disorders: Disorders stemming from the misuse and abuse of alcohol.Genetics, Medical: A subdiscipline of human genetics which entails the reliable prediction of certain human disorders as a function of the lineage and/or genetic makeup of an individual or of any two parents or potential parents.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Medicare Part C: The Balanced Budget Act (BBA) of 1997 establishes a Medicare+Choice program under part C of Title XVIII, Section 4001, of the Social Security Act. Under this program, an eligible individual may elect to receive Medicare benefits through enrollment in a Medicare+Choice plan. Beneficiaries may choose to use private pay options, establish medical savings accounts, use managed care plans, or join provider-sponsored plans.Cellular Phone: Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.Sphingosine: An amino alcohol with a long unsaturated hydrocarbon chain. Sphingosine and its derivative sphinganine are the major bases of the sphingolipids in mammals. (Dorland, 28th ed)Paclitaxel: A cyclodecane isolated from the bark of the Pacific yew tree, TAXUS BREVIFOLIA. It stabilizes MICROTUBULES in their polymerized form leading to cell death.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Mutagens: Chemical agents that increase the rate of genetic mutation by interfering with the function of nucleic acids. A clastogen is a specific mutagen that causes breaks in chromosomes.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.Posters as Topic: Single or multi-sheet notices made to attract attention to events, activities, causes, goods, or services. They are for display, usually in a public place and are chiefly pictorial.Facial Asymmetry: Congenital or acquired asymmetry of the face.Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures: Methods, procedures, and tests performed to diagnose disease, disordered function, or disability.Craniofacial Abnormalities: Congenital structural deformities, malformations, or other abnormalities of the cranium and facial bones.Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Facial Bones: The facial skeleton, consisting of bones situated between the cranial base and the mandibular region. While some consider the facial bones to comprise the hyoid (HYOID BONE), palatine (HARD PALATE), and zygomatic (ZYGOMA) bones, MANDIBLE, and MAXILLA, others include also the lacrimal and nasal bones, inferior nasal concha, and vomer but exclude the hyoid bone. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p113)Toxicity Tests: An array of tests used to determine the toxicity of a substance to living systems. These include tests on clinical drugs, foods, and environmental pollutants.Cell Differentiation: Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.Homicide: The killing of one person by another.Firearms: Small-arms weapons, including handguns, pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns, etc.Wounds, Gunshot: Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.PhiladelphiaOvarian Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the OVARY. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant. They are classified according to the tissue of origin, such as the surface EPITHELIUM, the stromal endocrine cells, and the totipotent GERM CELLS.Suicide: The act of killing oneself.
Teratogens are classified in four main categories: Drugs and chemicals. In addition to environmental chemicals, this category ... "Specific Association of Teratogen and Toxicant Metals in Hair of Newborns with Congenital Birth Defects or Developmentally ... "teratogen". dictionary.com. Retrieved 4 October 2013. Daftary, Shirish; Chakravarti, Sudip (2011). Manual of Obstetrics, 3rd ... Toxic substances that are capable of causing structural congenital abnormalities can be termed teratogens. They are agents ...
Possible teratogen. Harmful in contact with skin, and if swallowed or inhaled. Irritant. Toxicity data ORL-RAT LD50 2000 mg kg- ...
Batra, S.; Wrigley, ECW (April 2005). "Alcohol: The teratogen". Obstetrics & Gynecology: 308-309. Tripodi, SJ; Bender, K; ...
... is a teratogen; there is about a 20-35% risk for congenital defects in infants exposed to the drug in utero, and ... Isotretinoin is a teratogen highly likely to cause birth defects if taken by women during pregnancy or even a short time before ...
... is a teratogen; i.e., it can cause developmental abnormalities such as birth defects. Raloxifene may infrequently ...
Castronovo, Frank P. (1999). "Teratogen update: Radiation and chernobyl". Teratology. 60 (2): 100-6. doi:10.1002/(sici)1096- ...
TeO2 is a possible teratogen. Exposure to tellurium compounds produces a garlic-like odour on the breath, caused by the ...
Yacobi S; Ornoy A (2008). "Is lithium a real teratogen? What can we conclude from the prospective versus retrospective studies ...
It is also a teratogen. Formamide has been shown to exhibit hematoxicity in animals and is considered hazardous by prolonged ...
2009) Autism: The Teratogen Fallout. Toronto: Free Press 777. Rights are needed for children with autism regarding training and ...
Teratogen-caused birth defects are potentially preventable. Studies have shown that nearly 50% of pregnant women have been ... Nitrate, which is found mostly in drinking water from ground sources, is a powerful teratogen. A case-control study in rural ... During pregnancy, a female can also be exposed to teratogens from the contaminated clothing or toxins within the seminal fluid ... Fluoride, when transmitted through water at high levels, can also act as a teratogen. Two reports on fluoride exposure from ...
... is a known teratogen. The syndrome consists of craniofacial anomalies (broad nasal bridge, cleft lip and palate, ...
"Pharmaceutical Teratogens." Teratology Society--Birth Defects Research. 8 December 2007. Archived May 7, 2010, at the Wayback ...
Ethanol is classified as a teratogen.[medical citation needed] According to the CDC, alcohol consumption by women of child- ...
Polifka, J. E.; Friedman, J. M. (2002). "Teratogen update: Azathioprine and 6-mercaptopurine". Teratology. 65 (5): 240-261. doi ...
Teratogens are substances that may cause birth defects via a toxic effect on an embryo or foetus. The term teratology stems ... Understanding how a teratogen causes its effect is not only important in preventing congenital abnormalities but also has the ... Potassium iodide is a possible teratogen. Potassium iodide in its raw form is a mild irritant and should be handled with gloves ... Several factors affect the ability of a teratogen to contact a developing conceptus, such as the nature of the agent itself, ...
... is listed as a chemical teratogen. Iododeoxyuridine is a radiosensitizer and increases the amount of DNA damage ... The following list of chemicals known or believed to be teratogens is drawn primarily from Dangerous Properties of Industrial ...
The herb is also a known teratogen. However, no data exists on whether it can cause birth defects in human beings. The dry root ...
Teratology, Teratogens, and Fetotoxic Agents". Williams obstetrics (24th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Education. "RHL". apps.who ... Anything (including drugs) that can cause permanent deformities in the fetus are labeled as teratogens. In the U.S., drugs were ... "Teratogens/Prenatal Substance Abuse". Appendix A "Press Announcements - FDA issues final rule on changes to pregnancy and ...
Lead compounds are also teratogens. "Lead compounds: Lead Tetrachloride". WebElements.com. Retrieved 10 October 2012. Greenwood ...
Many teratogens exert specific effects on the fetus by epigenetic mechanisms. While epigenetic effects may preserve the effect ... Bishop JB, Witt KL, Sloane RA (December 1997). "Genetic toxicities of human teratogens". Mutat. Res. 396 (1-2): 9-43. doi: ... of a teratogen such as diethylstilbestrol throughout the life of an affected child, the possibility of birth defects resulting ...
... prohibition of thalidomide as a human teratogen in 1961; and the passage in 1962 of the Kefauver Harris Amendment ("Drug ...
It is listed by some sources as a teratogen. The structure and properties of several related a- and ß-azabicyclane opioids was ...
Similar to cyclopamine, which also occurs in the Veratrum genus, it is a teratogen implicated in birth defects when consumed by ... Jervine is a potent teratogen causing birth defects in vertebrates. In severe cases it can cause cyclopia and holoprosencephaly ...
It is the molecular target of the natural teratogen cyclopamine. It also is the target of Vismodegib, the first hedgehog ...
Alcohol is the most common Teratogen in pregnancy. *Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) is most common nonheritable ...
... Trina Roberts troberts at scws1.harvard.edu Wed Feb 8 22:30:08 EST 1995 *Previous message: teratogen ... To me, it seems as if not warning students about teratogens is as stupid as not warning them about silica gel or concentrated ...
... Pat Wilson paw at coos.dartmouth.edu Sat Feb 4 16:26:23 EST 1995 *Previous message: teratogen exposure ...
Teratogen definition, a drug or other substance capable of interfering with the development of a fetus, causing birth defects. ... OTHER WORDS FROM teratogen. te·rat·o·gen·ic, adjective. Words nearby teratogen. terat-, teratism, terato-, teratoblastoma, ... Derived forms of teratogen. teratogenic, adjectiveteratogenicist, nounteratogenicity, noun. Collins English Dictionary - ... Teratogens include certain drugs (such as thalidomide), infections (such as German measles), and ionizing radiation ...
In the eight months before the intervention, 24.7% (54/231) of eligible patient encounters had teratogen education documented, ... In the 23 months after the first intervention, 79.6% (904/1,135) of eligible patient encounters had teratogen education ... Coopers team tried to increase pregnancy screening and teratogen education by applying mandatory Risk Evaluation and ... Cite this: Program Promotes Safer Teratogen Use in Pediatric Rheumatology - Medscape - Mar 05, 2019. ...
... , Teratogen, Occupational Exposures in Pregnancy, Herbal Teratogen. ... Teratogens, teratogen, teratogens, Teratogen (product), Teratogen, Teratogenic substance, Teratogenic substance (substance), ... Teratogen Exposure. Aka: Teratogen Exposure, Teratogen, Occupational Exposures in Pregnancy, Herbal Teratogen ... Other Herbal Teratogens. *See Herbal Remedy. *Exercise caution regarding overall risks of herbal contamination and lack of ...
A teratogen is a material that can cause congenital defects. Some things can be teratogens, including some chemicals, ... Types of teratogens[change , change source]. Alcohol and illegal drugs[change , change source]. Alcohol is the most common ... Things that are not teratogens[change , change source]. Examples of things that do not cause birth defects include:[11] ... Chung, Wendy (2004). "Teratogens and Their Effects". In Theodore H. Tulchinsky; Elena A. Varavikova (eds.) (ed.). The New ...
Medical Genetics: Teratogens. What is a teratogen?. A teratogen (ter-AT-uh-jen) is something that can cause or raise the risk ... How are teratogens known?. Researchers have two ways of finding out if a substance is a teratogen. They are:. * Animal studies. ... During this time, teratogens can cause neural tube defects such as spina bifida. Some organs are sensitive to teratogens during ... Experts believe that teratogens can begin affecting a baby growing in the womb about 10 to14 days after conception. Conception ...
Tag Archives: teratogen. * Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission Announces Three Separate Radioactive Spill in Month of May via ...
Currently, evaluation of potential developmental toxicants (i.e., teratogens) relies heavily on animal-based models which do ... Currently, evaluation of potential developmental toxicants (i.e., teratogens) relies heavily on animal-based models which do ...
Official site of Teratogen Teratogen is a simple roguelike for testing the Go programming languages suitability for game ... Google dropped the exp/iterable module from Go, which the Teratogen code uses extensively for its internal logic. Code will ... In Teratogen the goal is to descend alive and slay the elder spawn. There are two kinds of dangers. First is monsters killing ... Retrieved from "http://roguebasin.roguelikedevelopment.org/index.php?title=Teratogen&oldid=25377" ...
A teratogen is an agent, which can cause a birth defect. It is usually something in the environment that the mother may be ... Teratogens. What is a teratogen? A teratogen is an agent, which can cause a birth defect. It is usually something in the ... If a teratogen has the potential to interfere with the closure of the neural tube, for example, the exposure to the teratogen ... One teratogen that affects the central nervous system is alcohol. Alcohol, at any time during the pregnancy, has the potential ...
The effect of teratogens on the baby is based on the period of pregnancy the mother is in. ... The effects of teratogens during ... Essays Related to Prenatal Teratogens. 1. Teratogens. Some diseases known to cause prenatal complications are HIV, herpes, ... A teratogen is considered any agent that produces a birth defect. ... Teratogens are most likely to produce anatomical flaws ... A teratogen is virtually any substance or event that can cause any type of birth defects during pregnancy. These prenatal ...
Usually teratogens in a womans system during the first two weeks of pregnancy (from conception) will cause the pregnancy to ... Many herbs used for these purposes are believed to be teratogens, substances that cause the development of abnormal structures ...
Pollution and Chemical Teratogens. See also: Drinking Water, Water Bottles and other Plastics, Personal Care Products ... Medications/Teratogens/Substance Abuse. #include "headerB1.incl" See also:. * Primal Health. Subsections on this page:. * ... Teratogens in our Everyday Environment Remember - if you can smell it, the molecules are in the mucous membranes of your nose ... Exposure to teratogens during this period usually has an all-or-nothing effect. Either the damage is so severe that the zygote ...
Preventing Teratogen Exposure: Facts Every Woman Needs to Know. 20th Annual NPWH Premier Womens Healthcare Conference. 0.8 CE ... Womens health nurse practitioners are on the front lines of preventing teratogen exposures. As a result of these shared ...
... custom Teratogens and their Effect on Fetus papers, term papers, free Teratogens and their Effect on Fetus samples, research ... Teratogens and their Effect on Fetus essay writing service, ... Teratogens and their Effect on Fetus. Custom Teratogens and ... Teratogens and their Effect on Fetus. Custom Teratogens and their Effect on Fetus Essay Writing Service ,, Teratogens and their ... Alcohol is one of the most common forms of teratogens associated with women in the childbearing age. It consumption at this ...
Gardner LI Lysergide and cannabis as possible teratogens in man Lancet 1969 1(7586):150-151 ... "Lysergide and cannabis as possible teratogens in man" Lancet. 1969 Jan 18;1(7586):150-151. ...
... only one was a clear teratogen, Paxil. He discovered that Paxil in May of this year was actually more powerful a teratogen than ... Paxil [Seroxat] "more powerful a teratogen than cocaine" Email ThisBlogThis!Share to TwitterShare to FacebookShare to Pinterest ... What Doctor Sloot discovered in May of this year is that out of all the teratogen, out of all the SSRIs, the 12, ... Firstly, the definition of the word, teratogen is thus:. a drug or other substance capable of interfering with the ...
... код для вставки. код для вставки на сайт или в блог. Ширина: (. aвто. ) ... IDENTIFICATION OF NOVEL TERATOGENS The operational efficiency of case- control studies allows data collection to occur shortly ... Case-control studies for identifying novel teratogens. Am J Med Genet Part C Semin Med Genet 157:201-208. INTRODUCTION The case ... In support of this approach is that most teratogens are not linked to all types of malformations. However, obesity, diabetes, ...
Study Teratogens flashcards from Arthi Kumaravel
Study teratogens flashcards from Josh Spiegel
17-03E: Optimizing Preconception Health: Preventing Unintended Teratogen Exposure in Reproductive-aged Women: A Practical ... 17-03E: Optimizing Preconception Health: Preventing Unintended Teratogen Exposure in Reproductive-aged Women: A Practical ... 17-03E: Optimizing Preconception Health: Preventing Unintended Teratogen Exposure in Reproductive-aged Women: A Practical ...
... teratogen, oh my: How I started a career in chemical information. Mary Talmadge-Grebenar Bristol-Myers Squibb Company ... Carcinogen, mutagen, teratogen, oh my: How I started a career in chemical information - PowerPoint PPT Presentation. ... Carcinogen, mutagen, teratogen, oh my: How I started a career in chemical information. Mary Talmadge-Grebenar Bristol-Myers ... Carcinogen, mutagen, teratogen, oh my: How I started a career in chemical informationPowerPoint Presentation ...
Teratogen Screening Using Transcriptome Profiling of Differentiating Human Embryonic Stem Cells[3] "Teratogens are substances ... Search term: teratogen Wanyan Ouyang, Xiaohong Zhao, Shiyun Lu, Zhi Wang Prevalence of monoclonal gammopathy of uncertain ... Use the page links below to explore specific teratogens. Environmental Links: Introduction , low folic acid , iodine deficiency ... Teratogen synergism, different environmental effects can act individually or in combination on the same developing system. For ...
  • In response, the Brazilian Society of Medical Genetics established a task force (SBGM-ZETF) to study the phenotype of infants born with microcephaly due to ZIKV congenital infection and delineate the phenotypic spectrum of this newly recognized teratogen. (nih.gov)
  • Thalidomide, mainly used for the treatment of leprosy, is a current teratogen in South America, and it is reasonable to assume that at present this situation is affecting many births in underdeveloped countries. (unifesp.br)
  • Hair samples of newborns were analyzed for metal load by DRC-ICP-MS. We report specific level of contamination by teratogen/toxicants metals of newborn babies, environmentally unexposed, according to their phenotypes at birth: normal full term babies, birth defects or developmentally premature. (newweapons.org)
  • The deficiency of any research within the business of teratogen definitions might www.essay-company.com leave the question offered to become medicated just as only conjecture. (yourfinancedirectory.com)
  • The Organization of Teratology Information Specialists ( OTIS ), the Teratology Society and the University of South Florida are pleased to announce the Human Teratogen Course which will be presented at the USF Center for Advanced Medical Learning and Simulation in Tampa, Florida, USA, between 24th and 26th February 2019. (entis-org.eu)
  • Cannabis--yet another teratogen? (bmj.com)
  • Anyways, next up was Human Teratogen , short noise blast set with the dude killing his knobs and mic and slapping around the mic cord like a whip. (blogspot.com)
  • The meaning was first used at 1987 when Anne Campbell composed that the content"Teratogen Development" in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. (yourfinancedirectory.com)