Involuntary loss of URINE, such as leaking of urine. It is a symptom of various underlying pathological processes. Major types of incontinence include URINARY URGE INCONTINENCE and URINARY STRESS INCONTINENCE.
Involuntary discharge of URINE as a result of physical activities that increase abdominal pressure on the URINARY BLADDER without detrusor contraction or overdistended bladder. The subtypes are classified by the degree of leakage, descent and opening of the bladder neck and URETHRA without bladder contraction, and sphincter deficiency.
Involuntary discharge of URINE that is associated with an abrupt and strong desire to void. It is usually related to the involuntary contractions of the detrusor muscle of the bladder (detrusor hyperreflexia or detrusor instability).
Failure of voluntary control of the anal sphincters, with involuntary passage of feces and flatus.
Absorbent pads used for URINARY INCONTINENCE and usually worn as underpants or pants liners by the ELDERLY.
The mechanical laws of fluid dynamics as they apply to urine transport.
Support structures, made from natural or synthetic materials, that are implanted below the URETHRA to treat URINARY STRESS INCONTINENCE.
Soft tissue formed mainly by the pelvic diaphragm, which is composed of the two levator ani and two coccygeus muscles. The pelvic diaphragm lies just below the pelvic aperture (outlet) and separates the pelvic cavity from the PERINEUM. It extends between the PUBIC BONE anteriorly and the COCCYX posteriorly.
Surgery performed on the urinary tract or its parts in the male or female. For surgery of the male genitalia, UROLOGIC SURGICAL PROCEDURES, MALE is available.
A tube that transports URINE from the URINARY BLADDER to the outside of the body in both the sexes. It also has a reproductive function in the male by providing a passage for SPERM.
A musculomembranous sac along the URINARY TRACT. URINE flows from the KIDNEYS into the bladder via the ureters (URETER), and is held there until URINATION.
Symptom of overactive detrusor muscle of the URINARY BLADDER that contracts with abnormally high frequency and urgency. Overactive bladder is characterized by the frequent feeling of needing to urinate during the day, during the night, or both. URINARY INCONTINENCE may or may not be present.
Downward displacement of the UTERUS. It is classified in various degrees: in the first degree the UTERINE CERVIX is within the vaginal orifice; in the second degree the cervix is outside the orifice; in the third degree the entire uterus is outside the orifice.
An artifical implanted device, usually in the form of an inflatable silicone cuff, inserted in or around the bladder neck in the surgical treatment of urinary incontinence caused by sphincter weakness. Often it is placed around the bulbous urethra in adult males. The artificial urinary sphincter is considered an alternative to urinary diversion.
The terminal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, beginning from the ampulla of the RECTUM and ending at the anus.
Devices worn in the vagina to provide support to displaced uterus or rectum. Pessaries are used in conditions such as UTERINE PROLAPSE; CYSTOCELE; or RECTOCELE.
Absorbent pads designed to be worn as underpants or pants liners by adults.
Discharge of URINE, liquid waste processed by the KIDNEY, from the body.
Abnormal descent of a pelvic organ resulting in the protrusion of the organ beyond its normal anatomical confines. Symptoms often include vaginal discomfort, DYSPAREUNIA; URINARY STRESS INCONTINENCE; and FECAL INCONTINENCE.
Dysfunction of the URINARY BLADDER due to disease of the central or peripheral nervous system pathways involved in the control of URINATION. This is often associated with SPINAL CORD DISEASES, but may also be caused by BRAIN DISEASES or PERIPHERAL NERVE DISEASES.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Abnormalities in the process of URINE voiding, including bladder control, frequency of URINATION, as well as the volume and composition of URINE.
The body region lying between the genital area and the ANUS on the surface of the trunk, and to the shallow compartment lying deep to this area that is inferior to the PELVIC DIAPHRAGM. The surface area is between the VULVA and the anus in the female, and between the SCROTUM and the anus in the male.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Surgery performed on the urinary tract or its organs and on the male or female genitalia.
Errors in prescribing, dispensing, or administering medication with the result that the patient fails to receive the correct drug or the indicated proper drug dosage.
Passage of a CATHETER into the URINARY BLADDER or kidney.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in taking drugs or medicine as prescribed. This includes timing, dosage, and frequency.
Inflammatory responses of the epithelium of the URINARY TRACT to microbial invasions. They are often bacterial infections with associated BACTERIURIA and PYURIA.
Conditioning to defecate and urinate in culturally acceptable places.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The duct which coveys URINE from the pelvis of the KIDNEY through the URETERS, BLADDER, and URETHRA.
Injury, weakening, or PROLAPSE of the pelvic muscles, surrounding connective tissues or ligaments (PELVIC FLOOR).
A sympathomimetic that acts mainly by causing release of NOREPINEPHRINE but also has direct agonist activity at some adrenergic receptors. It is most commonly used as a nasal vasoconstrictor and an appetite depressant.
Drugs that bind to but do not activate CHOLINERGIC RECEPTORS, thereby blocking the actions of ACETYLCHOLINE or cholinergic agonists.
Inability to empty the URINARY BLADDER with voiding (URINATION).
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Pathological processes of the URINARY BLADDER.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Infrequent or difficult evacuation of FECES. These symptoms are associated with a variety of causes, including low DIETARY FIBER intake, emotional or nervous disturbances, systemic and structural disorders, drug-induced aggravation, and infections.
The therapy technique of providing the status of one's own AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM function (e.g., skin temperature, heartbeats, brain waves) as visual or auditory feedback in order to self-control related conditions (e.g., hypertension, migraine headaches).
Involuntary discharge of URINE during the daytime while one is awake.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A HERNIA-like condition in which the weakened pelvic muscles cause the URINARY BLADDER to drop from its normal position. Fallen urinary bladder is more common in females with the bladder dropping into the VAGINA and less common in males with the bladder dropping into the SCROTUM.
A surgical specialty concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in both sexes, and the genital tract in the male. Common urological problems include urinary obstruction, URINARY INCONTINENCE, infections, and UROGENITAL NEOPLASMS.
The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Disorders or diseases associated with PUERPERIUM, the six-to-eight-week period immediately after PARTURITION in humans.
Propylene or propene polymers. Thermoplastics that can be extruded into fibers, films or solid forms. They are used as a copolymer in plastics, especially polyethylene. The fibers are used for fabrics, filters and surgical sutures.
Surgery performed on the female genitalia.
Application of electric current in treatment without the generation of perceptible heat. It includes electric stimulation of nerves or muscles, passage of current into the body, or use of interrupted current of low intensity to raise the threshold of the skin to pain.
A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A nerve which originates in the sacral spinal cord (S2 to S4) and innervates the PERINEUM, the external GENITALIA, the external ANAL SPHINCTER and the external urethral sphincter. It has three major branches: the perineal nerve, inferior anal nerves, and the dorsal nerve of penis or clitoris.
Surgery performed on the male genitalia.
Pads made of various materials used for personal hygiene usually for absorbing URINE or FECES. They can be worn as underpants or pants liners by various age groups, from NEWBORNS to the ELDERLY. Absorbent pads can be made of fluff wood pulp and HYDROGEL absorbent covered with viscose rayon, polyester, polypropylene, or POLYETHYLENE coverstock.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
An incision of the posterior vaginal wall and a portion of the pudenda which enlarges the vaginal introitus to facilitate delivery and prevent lacerations.
The lumbar and sacral plexuses taken together. The fibers of the lumbosacral plexus originate in the lumbar and upper sacral spinal cord (L1 to S3) and innervate the lower extremities.
Production or presence of gas in the gastrointestinal tract which may be expelled through the anus.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
The normal process of elimination of fecal material from the RECTUM.
Evaluation of the nature and extent of nursing problems presented by a patient for the purpose of patient care planning.
Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.
Involuntary discharge of URINE during sleep at night after expected age of completed development of urinary control.
The use of fragrances and essences from plants to affect or alter a person's mood or behavior and to facilitate physical, mental, and emotional well-being. The chemicals comprising essential oils in plants has a host of therapeutic properties and has been used historically in Africa, Asia, and India. Its greatest application is in the field of alternative medicine. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; from Dr. Atiba Vheir, Dove Center, Washington, D.C.)
Any woven or knit material of open texture used in surgery for the repair, reconstruction, or substitution of tissue. The mesh is usually a synthetic fabric made of various polymers. It is occasionally made of metal.
Measurement of the pressure or tension of liquids or gases with a manometer.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the urinary tract or its organs or demonstration of its physiological processes.
Frequent URINATION at night that interrupts sleep. It is often associated with outflow obstruction, DIABETES MELLITUS, or bladder inflammation (CYSTITIS).
Analogs or derivatives of mandelic acid (alpha-hydroxybenzeneacetic acid).
Pathological processes involving the URETHRA.
A flat, flexible strip of material used to cover or fasten together damaged tissue.
Complete or partial surgical removal of the prostate. Three primary approaches are commonly employed: suprapubic - removal through an incision above the pubis and through the urinary bladder; retropubic - as for suprapubic but without entering the urinary bladder; and transurethral (TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF PROSTATE).
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.
The formal process of obtaining a complete and accurate list of each patient's current home medications including name, dosage, frequency, and route of administration, and comparing admission, transfer, and/or discharge medication orders to that list. The reconciliation is done to avoid medication errors.
Overall systems, traditional or automated, to provide medication to patients.
Drugs that bind to but do not activate MUSCARINIC RECEPTORS, thereby blocking the actions of endogenous ACETYLCHOLINE or exogenous agonists. Muscarinic antagonists have widespread effects including actions on the iris and ciliary muscle of the eye, the heart and blood vessels, secretions of the respiratory tract, GI system, and salivary glands, GI motility, urinary bladder tone, and the central nervous system.
Geriatric long-term care facilities which provide supervision and assistance in activities of daily living with medical and nursing services when required.
The study of muscles and the movement of the human body. In holistic medicine it is the balance of movement and the interaction of a person's energy systems. Applied kinesiology is the name given by its inventor, Dr. George Goodheart, to the system of applying muscle testing diagnostically and therapeutically to different aspects of health care. (Thorsons Introductory Guide to Kinesiology, 1992, p13)
Overall systems, traditional or automated, to provide medication to patients in hospitals. Elements of the system are: handling the physician's order, transcription of the order by nurse and/or pharmacist, filling the medication order, transfer to the nursing unit, and administration to the patient.
Recurrent genital pain occurring during, before, or after SEXUAL INTERCOURSE in either the male or the female.
A birth defect due to malformation of the URETHRA in which the urethral opening is above its normal location. In the male, the malformed urethra generally opens on the top or the side of the PENIS, but the urethra can also be open the entire length of the penis. In the female, the malformed urethral opening is often between the CLITORIS and the labia, or in the ABDOMEN.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
The inability in the male to have a PENILE ERECTION due to psychological or organ dysfunction.
An interval of care by a health care facility or provider for a specific medical problem or condition. It may be continuous or it may consist of a series of intervals marked by one or more brief separations from care, and can also identify the sequence of care (e.g., emergency, inpatient, outpatient), thus serving as one measure of health care provided.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Torn, ragged, mangled wounds.
The simultaneous use of multiple laboratory procedures for the detection of various diseases. These are usually performed on groups of people.
Herniation of the RECTUM into the VAGINA.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
Pathological processes of the URINARY TRACT in both males and females.
Medical problems associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR, such as BREECH PRESENTATION; PREMATURE OBSTETRIC LABOR; HEMORRHAGE; or others. These complications can affect the well-being of the mother, the FETUS, or both.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.
Compounds which contain the methyl radical substituted with two benzene rings. Permitted are any substituents, but ring fusion to any of the benzene rings is not allowed.
A serotype of botulinum toxins that has specificity for cleavage of SYNAPTOSOMAL-ASSOCIATED PROTEIN 25.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
A form of compensated hydrocephalus characterized clinically by a slowly progressive gait disorder (see GAIT DISORDERS, NEUROLOGIC), progressive intellectual decline, and URINARY INCONTINENCE. Spinal fluid pressure tends to be in the high normal range. This condition may result from processes which interfere with the absorption of CSF including SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, chronic MENINGITIS, and other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp631-3)
Low-density crystals or stones in any part of the URINARY TRACT. Their chemical compositions often include CALCIUM OXALATE, magnesium ammonium phosphate (struvite), CYSTINE, or URIC ACID.
Agents that inhibit the actions of the parasympathetic nervous system. The major group of drugs used therapeutically for this purpose is the MUSCARINIC ANTAGONISTS.
Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Surgical instrument designed to extract the newborn by the head from the maternal passages without injury to it or the mother.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
Involuntary discharge of URINE after expected age of completed development of urinary control. This can happen during the daytime (DIURNAL ENURESIS) while one is awake or during sleep (NOCTURNAL ENURESIS). Enuresis can be in children or in adults (as persistent primary enuresis and secondary adult-onset enuresis).
Drugs used for their actions on skeletal muscle. Included are agents that act directly on skeletal muscle, those that alter neuromuscular transmission (NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCKING AGENTS), and drugs that act centrally as skeletal muscle relaxants (MUSCLE RELAXANTS, CENTRAL). Drugs used in the treatment of movement disorders are ANTI-DYSKINESIA AGENTS.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
A quality-of-life scale developed in the United States in 1972 as a measure of health status or dysfunction generated by a disease. It is a behaviorally based questionnaire for patients and addresses activities such as sleep and rest, mobility, recreation, home management, emotional behavior, social interaction, and the like. It measures the patient's perceived health status and is sensitive enough to detect changes or differences in health status occurring over time or between groups. (From Medical Care, vol.xix, no.8, August 1981, p.787-805)
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
The transitional period before and after MENOPAUSE. Perimenopausal symptoms are associated with irregular MENSTRUAL CYCLE and widely fluctuated hormone levels. They may appear 6 years before menopause and subside 2 to 5 years after menopause.
Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT and the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE).
The protrusion of an organ or part of an organ into a natural or artificial orifice.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Shiny, flexible bands of fibrous tissue connecting together articular extremities of bones. They are pliant, tough, and inextensile.
Painful URINATION. It is often associated with infections of the lower URINARY TRACT.
Physiological disturbances in normal sexual performance in either the male or the female.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
The minimum acceptable patient care, based on statutes, court decisions, policies, or professional guidelines.
Surgical creation of an opening (stoma) in the URINARY BLADDER for drainage.
Surgical insertion of a prosthesis.
Removal of all or part of the PROSTATE, often using a cystoscope and/or resectoscope passed through the URETHRA.
Forced expiratory effort against a closed GLOTTIS.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Drugs used in the treatment of urogenital conditions and diseases such as URINARY INCONTINENCE; PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA; and ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION.
Belief in a positive outcome.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Persistent, unwanted idea or impulse which is considered normal when it does not markedly interfere with mental processes or emotional adjustment.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
Excision of the uterus.
Protrusion of the rectal mucous membrane through the anus. There are various degrees: incomplete with no displacement of the anal sphincter muscle; complete with displacement of the anal sphincter muscle; complete with no displacement of the anal sphincter muscle but with herniation of the bowel; and internal complete with rectosigmoid or upper rectum intussusception into the lower rectum.
The sexual functions, activities, attitudes, and orientations of an individual. Sexuality, male or female, becomes evident at PUBERTY under the influence of gonadal steroids (TESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL), and social effects.
Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.
An emotional attitude excited by realization of a shortcoming or impropriety.
The self administration of medication not prescribed by a physician or in a manner not directed by a physician.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
Removal of the uterus through the vagina.
Agents that reduce the excretion of URINE, most notably the octapeptide VASOPRESSINS.
Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The climax of sexual excitement in either humans or animals.
Strategy for the analysis of RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS AS TOPIC that compares patients in the groups to which they were originally randomly assigned.
Temporary or permanent diversion of the flow of urine through the ureter away from the URINARY BLADDER in the presence of a bladder disease or after cystectomy. There is a variety of techniques: direct anastomosis of ureter and bowel, cutaneous ureterostomy, ileal, jejunal or colon conduit, ureterosigmoidostomy, etc. (From Campbell's Urology, 6th ed, p2654)
Layers of connective tissue of variable thickness. The superficial fascia is found immediately below the skin; the deep fascia invests MUSCLES, nerves, and other organs.
Drugs that cannot be sold legally without a prescription.
Evaluation of manifestations of disease.
Liquid by-product of excretion produced in the kidneys, temporarily stored in the bladder until discharge through the URETHRA.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Directions written for the obtaining and use of DRUGS.
Procedures used by chiropractors to treat neuromusculoskeletal complaints.
An abnormal response to a stimulus applied to the sensory components of the nervous system. This may take the form of increased, decreased, or absent reflexes.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
A muscarinic antagonist used as an antispasmodic, in rhinitis, in urinary incontinence, and in the treatment of ulcers. At high doses it has nicotinic effects resulting in neuromuscular blocking.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Removal of the fetus from the uterus or vagina at or near the end of pregnancy with a metal traction cup that is attached to the fetus' head. Negative pressure is applied and traction is made on a chain passed through the suction tube. (From Stedman, 26th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
Symptoms of disorders of the lower urinary tract including frequency, NOCTURIA; urgency, incomplete voiding, and URINARY INCONTINENCE. They are often associated with OVERACTIVE BLADDER; URINARY INCOMPETENCE; and INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS. Lower urinary tract symptoms in males were traditionally called PROSTATISM.
The use of DRUGS to treat a DISEASE or its symptoms. One example is the use of ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS to treat CANCER.
Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
A plant genus of the LAMIACEAE family.
The use of multiple drugs administered to the same patient, most commonly seen in elderly patients. It includes also the administration of excessive medication. Since in the United States most drugs are dispensed as single-agent formulations, polypharmacy, though using many drugs administered to the same patient, must be differentiated from DRUG COMBINATIONS, single preparations containing two or more drugs as a fixed dose, and from DRUG THERAPY, COMBINATION, two or more drugs administered separately for a combined effect. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the urinary bladder.
The presence of bacteria in the urine which is normally bacteria-free. These bacteria are from the URINARY TRACT and are not contaminants of the surrounding tissues. Bacteriuria can be symptomatic or asymptomatic. Significant bacteriuria is an indicator of urinary tract infection.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.
Tumors or cancer of the URINARY BLADDER.
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Agents that control agitated psychotic behavior, alleviate acute psychotic states, reduce psychotic symptoms, and exert a quieting effect. They are used in SCHIZOPHRENIA; senile dementia; transient psychosis following surgery; or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; etc. These drugs are often referred to as neuroleptics alluding to the tendency to produce neurological side effects, but not all antipsychotics are likely to produce such effects. Many of these drugs may also be effective against nausea, emesis, and pruritus.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Symptoms can be categorised into: Increased frequency of urination Increased urgency of urination Urge incontinence Excessive ... urinary flow studies, imaging, temporary prostatic stent placement, prostate biopsy and/or cystoscopy. Placement of a temporary ... Episodes of near retention[citation needed] As the symptoms are common and non-specific, LUTS is not necessarily a reason to ... With benign prostatic enlargement causes of LUTS, people may be offered a variety of medications (as a single drug or combining ...
Medications are not recommended for those with stress incontinence and are only recommended in those with urge incontinence who ... Women that have symptoms from both types are said to have "mixed" urinary incontinence. After menopause, estrogen production ... Transient incontinence is temporary incontinence most often seen in pregnant women when it subsequently resolves after the ... counting the number of incontinence episodes (leakage episodes) per day; and assessing of the strength of pelvic floor muscles ...
... this person is said to have urinary incontinence. This condition is also called leaky bladder. ... The most common combination is urge and stress incontinence. Incontinence can either be temporary (e.g., caused by infections ... Symptoms and Complications. A typical symptom is involuntary loss or leakage of urine. If you experience repeated episodes of ... mirabegron is another medication that is used in people with urge incontinence to help relax the bladder smooth muscles ...
Keywords: overactive bladder, urge incontinence, urinary incontinence, bladder training, lifestyle modifications ... Often a combination of therapy is required to successfully manage OAB symptoms. In this review, we provide an overview of OAB, ... Episodes of moderate to severe urgency decreased from 8.3 to 3.7, and episodes of urge incontinence decreased from 3.0 to 0.3. ... PFMT has also been shown to improve urinary incontinence symptoms.36,37 PFMT involves improving pelvic floor control and muscle ...
Causes of temporary urinary incontinence. Certain foods, drinks, and medications and cause temporary urinary incontinence. A ... If you experience symptoms of more than one type of urinary incontinence, such as stress incontinence and urge incontinence, ... These urges may result in episodes of incontinence, which may be your only warning sign of a urinary tract infection. Other ... Urinary Incontinence (Overactive Bladder). Urinary incontinence is loss of bladder control. Symptoms can range from mild ...
Millions of people experience incontinence or overactive bladder. Keeping track of your urination in a bladder diary can help ... also be caused by not being able to get to a bathroom on time because of a disability or by a temporary problem like a urinary ... Types of incontinence include:*Stress Incontinence: Leaking urine during physical activity*Urge Incontinence: Leaking large ... There are a lot of reasons you may develop incontinence. Keeping a diary of symptoms and habits can help you get to the root of ...
Medications may be prescribed for both urge and stress incontinence, but they are generally most helpful for urge incontinence ... Urge urinary incontinence is a main symptom of overactive bladder (OAB), also referred to as detrusor instability or ... Urinary incontinence is the inability to control urination. It may be temporary or permanent, and can result from a variety of ... Weight loss can help reduce the frequency of urinary incontinence episodes in overweight women. Women should eat healthy foods ...
Learn how you can get relief from your symptoms. ... urinate may point to overactive bladder or urinary incontinence ... Medications that relax the bladder can be helpful for relieving symptoms of overactive bladder and reducing episodes of urge ... Clinical research shows that it may be useful for severe urge incontinence. The temporary effects generally last five months or ... Urinary incontinence. In: Current Diagnosis & Treatment in Family Medicine. 3rd ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; ...
Weight loss may help reduce the number of episodes due to stress or urge incontinence in people who are overweight or obese. ... Other medications may be used in combination to help manage symptoms, such as botulinum toxin injections. ... Treatments are based on the cause of the urinary incontinence.. Temporary incontinence may be relieved by managing the ... Urinary; Incontinence, Stress; Incontinence, Urge; Incontinence, Overflow; Incontinence, Functional; Stress Incontinence; Urge ...
Read about UI types, signs, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment options. Male urinary incontinence can occur because of ... There are different types of urinary incontinence in men, including stress incontinence, urge incontinence, and overflow ... You may be asked to keep a voiding diary, which is a record of fluid intake and trips to the bathroom, plus any episodes of ... RxList Home Drugs & Medications Slideshows Pill Identification Tool Vitamins, Herbs, & Dietary Supplements Images Diseases ...
Learn more about Urinary Incontinence -- Female at Portsmouth Regional Hospital DefinitionCausesRisk ... Weight loss may help reduce the number of episodes due to stress or urge incontinence in people who are overweight or obese. ... Other medications may be used in combination to help manage symptoms, such as botulinum toxin injections. ... Treatments are based on the cause of the urinary incontinence.. Temporary incontinence may be relieved by managing the ...
... a collection of symptoms that can cause frequent urination, urinary incontinence (leakage) and a need to urinate at night. ... Controlling the urge: The key to bladder retraining is developing the ability to control urinary urges. There are several tips ... A very small percentage of people may have temporary urinary retention (difficulty voiding) after Botox. This treatment wears ... Medications, alcohol and caffeine: All of these products can dull the nerves, which affects the signal to the brain. This could ...
Incontinence can be caused by mechanical, anatomic or medical issues. But what are these? And who is at risk of developing ... The next section on Female Urinary Incontinence Symptoms outlines the signs and symptoms of female urge incontinence. ... Temporary incontinence - Root causes of incontinence are often temporary and can be managed with simple treatment. Urinary ... Smoking - Chronic coughing associated with smoking may cause episodes of incontinence or aggravate incontinence from other ...
Restored bladder function is defined as a measurable reduction in urinary frequency and/or urinary incontinence episodes ... You have significant OAB symptoms or non-obstructive urinary retention. *Youve tried lifestyle changes and oral medications ... Bladder control, urgency, and urge incontinence: evidence from functional brain imaging. Neurourol Urodyn. 2008;27(6):466-474. ... Most common side effects of PTNM are temporary and include mild pain or skin inflammation at or near the stimulation site. ...
Fecal or bowel incontinence is often easily treated to help you regain bowel health and control or at least minimize your ... It can be safely combined with other medications.. Laxatives and stool softeners: If you suffer from constipation, temporary ... "When I discuss incontinence with anyone and begin to tell my story about incontinence almost everyone assumes I have urinary ... Dietary changes centre around improving the consistency of your stool to prevent episodes of incontinence. If you suffer from ...
Indicated for adults with overactive bladder symptoms (urge incontinence, urgency, frequency) who cannot use or do not ... At least 2 reported urinary incontinence episodes over 3 days. Cosmetic Uses. Botox Cosmetic only ... Indicated for temporary improvement in the appearance of moderate-to-severe glabellar lines (ie, frown lines) associated with ... in adults who have an inadequate response to or are intolerant to anticholinergic medication ...
... in women treatment and medication, diagnosis, causes, symptoms and UI types: stress, urge, functional, overflow, and overactive ... Transient incontinence is a temporary version of incontinence. Medications, urinary tract infections, mental impairment, and ... You can also use the bladder diary to record your fluid intake, episodes of urine leakage, and estimated amounts of leakage. ... Urinary Incontinence in Women. *Urinary incontinence (UI) in women facts*. *What is urinary incontinence? What are the signs ...
The severity of urinary incontinence ranges from occasionally leaking urine when you cough or sneeze to having an urge to ... If urinary incontinence affects your day-to-day activities, dont hesitate to see your doctor. In most cases, simple lifestyle ... Urinary incontinence - the loss of bladder control - is a common and often embarrassing problem. ... changes or medical treatment can ease your discomfort or stop urinary incontinence. ...
Learn about symptoms , diagnosis and treatment (bladder training, medications, surgery, Kegel exercises). ... urinary urgency -- the sudden, strong need to urinate immediately. *urge incontinence -- leakage of urine that follows a sudden ... medication, bladder stone, constipation, cystocele, rectocele, or urethral stricture. Symptoms include discomfort and pain. ... Your doctor may ask you to keep a bladder diary -- a record of your fluid intake, trips to the bathroom, and episodes of urine ...
Is percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation effective in reducing overactive bladder symptoms? ... The term "voiding dysfunction" has been used to refer to urinary incontinence, urinary retention and symptoms of frequency and ... urge incontinence, stress incontinence, mixed incontinence and overflow incontinence. Urge incontinence is thought to be ... of women who reported at least one incontinence episode a week had sought out care for their symptoms of incontinence.[1] ...
... and how we can use home remedies for kidney stones and other urinary tract problems. ... Jon examines the anatomy of the urinary system and explores those things that can go wrong in all areas of the system, such as ... Urinary tract infections can irritate your bladder, resulting in episodes of incontinence. ... Temporary causes include:. *Certain medications such as heart medications, blood pressure drugs, sedatives, and muscle ...
Symptoms can be categorised into: Increased frequency of urination Increased urgency of urination Urge incontinence Excessive ... urinary flow studies, imaging, temporary prostatic stent placement, prostate biopsy and/or cystoscopy. Placement of a temporary ... Episodes of near retention[citation needed] As the symptoms are common and non-specific, LUTS is not necessarily a reason to ... With benign prostatic enlargement causes of LUTS, people may be offered a variety of medications (as a single drug or combining ...
Symptoms & Causes of Bladder Control Problems (Urinary Incontinence). Accessed 11/18/2019. ... Controlling the urge: The key to bladder retraining is developing the ability to control urinary urges. There are several tips ... A very small percentage of people may have temporary urinary retention (difficulty voiding) after Botox. This treatment wears ... However, medications can work very well to return normal function to the bladder. Ask your doctor about the risks and benefits ...
Medications are not recommended for those with stress incontinence and are only recommended in those with urge incontinence who ... Women that have symptoms from both types are said to have "mixed" urinary incontinence. After menopause, estrogen production ... Transient incontinence is temporary incontinence most often seen in pregnant women when it subsequently resolves after the ... counting the number of incontinence episodes (leakage episodes) per day; and assessing of the strength of pelvic floor muscles ...
Urge urinary incontinence is a main symptom of overactive bladder (OAB), also referred to as detrusor instability or ... Medications. Drugs can cause temporary incontinence. *Alpha-adrenergic blockers, such as tamsulosin (Flomax) used for benign ... Weight loss can help reduce the frequency of urinary incontinence episodes in overweight women. Women should eat healthy foods ... This is called urinary urge incontinence. Urge urinary incontinence occurs when the detrusor muscle, which surrounds the ...
Essential update: Pilot study suggests adipose stem cells can aid female stress urinary incontinence Results from a ... ... Urinary incontinence is an underdiagnosed and underreported problem that increases with age-affecting 50-84% of the elderly in ... It is indicated for overactive bladder with symptoms of urge urinary incontinence, urgency, and urinary frequency. A guideline ... Medication may have some benefit in stress and urge urinary incontinence. These agents are not uniformly effective, and adverse ...
Urinary incontinence - straining too much weakens pelvic muscles, which can cause a small amount of urine to leak out when ... Signs and symptoms. As everyone has different bowel habits, the symptoms of constipation will vary between individuals, ... Resisting the urge to defecate due to pain from conditions such as an anal fissure (tear), bowel obstruction or haemorrhoids; ... These over-the-counter medications help to move the bowels. However, care must be taken with them, as some can become habit- ...
Do you also have urinary incontinence?. What you can do in the meantime. Avoid foods or activities that worsen your symptoms. ... Medications. Depending on the cause of fecal incontinence, options include:. *Anti-diarrheal drugs such as loperamide ... leading to a decrease in the number of episodes of fecal incontinence. ... These treatments can improve anal sphincter control and the awareness of the urge to defecate. ...
Causes of temporary urinary incontinence. Certain diet and medication regiments could cause temporary urinary incontinence. ... the episodes of urges to urinate, and the number of times that the client manifested incontinence. ... Symptoms of Urinary Incontinence. These are the different types of urinary incontinence:. *Stress Incontinence. This happens ... Mixed Incontinence. Experiencing more than one type of urinary incontinence. An example is having urge incontinence and stress ...
Most patients with any degree of urinary incontinence will have symptoms that point to stress incontinence, urge incontinence ... found similar reductions in the number of weekly episodes of urge urinary incontinence and of total incontinence episodes in ... Certain medications may contribute to urinary incontinence by the following mechanisms:9 ... There are no data indicating the superiority of any particular agent, although collagen must be regarded as temporary because ...
  • Overactive bladder (OAB) is a common condition 1 that is defined as "urinary urgency, usually accompanied by frequency and nocturia, with or without urge urinary incontinence" by the International Continence Society. (
  • This is urge incontinence or overactive bladder. (
  • In urge incontinence, the bladder is said to be "overactive" - it's contracting even when your bladder isn't full. (
  • In fact, urge incontinence is often called an overactive bladder. (
  • the main symptom of overactive bladder, is marked by an overwhelming and sudden need to urinate. (
  • Frequent urination is also a symptom of overactive bladder. (
  • Remaining urine (postvoid residual urine) may cause symptoms identical to an overactive bladder. (
  • A combination of treatment strategies may be the best approach to relieve overactive bladder symptoms. (
  • Overactive bladder is a condition in which abnormal nerve signals trigger the bladder to contract, causing sudden incontinence. (
  • Having an overactive bladder or another cause of incontinence is nothing to be ashamed of. (
  • Learn more in the Everyday Health Incontinence and Overactive Bladder Center . (
  • Urge incontinence-Known as overactive bladder, a loss of bladder control following a strong urge to urinate. (
  • Weak or damaged bladder muscles, overactive bladder muscles, certain prostate conditions, and nerve damage are just some of the possible underlying causes of urinary incontinence in men. (
  • Results of a Prospective, Multicenter study evaluating quality of life, safety, and efficacy of sacral neuromodulation at twelve months in subjects with symptoms of overactive bladder. (
  • Overactive bladder describes a combination of symptoms that can include a frequent urge to urinate and waking up at night to urinate. (
  • Overactive bladder is a combination of symptoms that can cause you to need to urinate more frequently, have more urgency, experience incontinence (leakage) and a need to urinate at night. (
  • What are the specific symptoms of overactive bladder? (
  • Treatment for an overactive bladder can range from changing certain behaviors to medications to nerve stimulation (neuromodulation). (
  • Weak bladder muscles, overactive bladder muscles, and nerve damage may also cause urinary incontinence in women. (
  • If there's no known cause, urge incontinence is also called overactive bladder. (
  • Overactive bladder is a specific type of voiding dysfunction that includes any or all of the following symptoms: urinary frequency (bothersome urination eight or more times a day or two more times at night), urinary urgency (the sudden, strong need to urinate immediately), urge incontinence (leakage or gushing of urine that follows a sudden strong urge) and nocturia (awakening two or more times at night to urinate). (
  • There are four main types of incontinence: Urge incontinence due to an overactive bladder Stress incontinence due "a poorly functioning urethral sphincter muscle (intrinsic sphincter deficiency) or to hypermobility of the bladder neck or urethra" Overflow incontinence due to either poor bladder contraction or blockage of the urethra Mixed incontinence involve features of different other types Treatments include pelvic floor muscle training, bladder training, surgery, and electrical stimulation. (
  • Urge urinary incontinence, is caused by uninhibited contractions of the detrusor muscle, a condition known as overactive bladder syndrome. (
  • In men, the condition is commonly associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (an enlarged prostate), which causes bladder outlet obstruction, a dysfunction of the detrusor muscle (muscle of the bladder), eventually causing overactive bladder syndrome, and the associated incontinence. (
  • Urge incontinence with an unknown cause can also be referred to as overactive bladder. (
  • Constipation from compacted stools can interfere or cause the nerves of the bladder to be overactive, thus leading to incontinence. (
  • Overactive bladder - This is a sudden urge to urinate that you can't control due to unexplained, uncontrolled bladder contractions. (
  • about half of all patients with overactive bladder syndrome experience urge incontinence. (
  • Urge incontinence is also referred to as unstable or overactive incontinence. (
  • Urge incontinence or overactive bladder is usually related to the muscles around the bladder. (
  • SNS with Interstim is indicated for the treatment of urinary retention and symptoms of overactive bladder , including urinary incontinence and significant symptoms of urinary frequency, alone or in combination, in patients in whom more conservative therapies have failed or were not tolerated. (
  • Overactive bladder is a kind of urge incontinence. (
  • Urge incontinence is caused by an overactive bladder muscle that pushes urine out of the bladder. (
  • 2. Aging of your bladder muscles reduces your bladders capacity for holding urine thus increasing various overactive-bladder symptoms . (
  • UrgentĀ® PC is a non-drug, non-surgical option for overactive bladder and symptoms of urinary urgency, frequency and urge incontinence. (
  • PTNS is indicated for patients with overactive bladder who have tried conservative therapy and medications without significant improvement. (
  • Overactive bladder, or urge incontinence, without neurologic causes is called detrusor instability, meaning the muscle itself contracts inappropriately. (
  • Trospium is used to treat the symptoms of an overactive bladder, such as a frequent need to urinate or incontinence (loss of bladder control). (
  • There are a number of medications on the market for overactive bladder and urge incontinence . (
  • Detrol is prescribed for treatment of spasms of the bladder muscles, overactive bladder characterized by symptoms of urinary urgency, frequency, and incontinence. (
  • Urge incontinence may also be called "reflex incontinence" if it results from overactive nerves controlling the bladder. (
  • It may be accompanied by urge incontinence, known as "overactive bladder, wet. (
  • About two thirds of people with overactive bladder do not experience urge incontinence, which is termed "overactive bladder, dry. (
  • Most cases of urinary incontinence fall under one of the following six major subtypes: stress incontinence, overactive bladder, mixed incontinence, overflow incontinence, lack of continuity or deformity, or functional incontinence. (
  • To expand the number and types of patients eligible for clinical trials, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) adopted the term "overactive bladder" to describe a clinical syndrome that includes not only urge incontinence, but urgency, frequency, dysuria and nocturia as well. (
  • In this article, the term overactive bladder will be used in place of the terms urge incontinence, detrusor instability or detrusor hyperreflexia. (
  • Some cases of overactive bladder can be attributed to specific conditions, such as acute or chronic urinary tract infection, bladder cancer and bladder stones, but most cases result from an idiopathic inability to suppress detrusor contractions. (
  • If you find you have the urge to go to the bathroom all the time, to the point where you may lose control of your bladder before reaching a toilet, you may have an overactive bladder. (
  • Overactive bladder syndrome is a symptom-based clinical diagnosis. (
  • Overactive bladder syndrome (OBS) is a symptom complex consisting of urinary urgency, usually accompanied by frequency and nocturia, with or without urgency urinary incontinence (Table 1). (
  • Overactive bladder symptoms are usually associated with involuntary contractions of the detrusor muscle, which can result in urge incontinence, depending on the response of the sphincter. (
  • A focused history, including past history of urogenital disorders, in combination with physical examination of the genitourinary system and relevant pelvic examinations should be performed as there are multiple conditions that can cause or contribute to symptoms of overactive bladder. (
  • Lower urinary tract symptoms can also be caused by many other conditions including overactive bladder, urinary tract infections, prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate), and nerve damage that weakens the bladder. (
  • In patients who have not managed to control overactive bladder with leakage of urine with medicines called anticholinergics, BOTOX has been shown to reduce leakage of urine from an average of about 5 episodes per day down to 2 after 12 weeks. (
  • Mixed Incontinence occurs when there is a combination of both stress urinary incontinence and urge urinary incontinence (overactive bladder). (
  • When someone is unable to control the ability to urinate and there's an involuntary loss of urine, this person is said to have urinary incontinence. (
  • Cues such as running water or unlocking the door when returning home can trigger the urge to urinate. (
  • This is a sudden, intense urge to urinate, followed by an involuntary loss of urine. (
  • With urge incontinence, you may also need to urinate often. (
  • Some people with urge incontinence have a strong desire to urinate when they hear water running or after they drink only a small amount of liquid. (
  • Urge incontinence, which is needing to urinate suddenly and urgently. (
  • If you have an abnormal urge to urinate, your doctor will check to make sure that you don't have an infection or blood in your urine. (
  • This test is important if your bladder doesn't empty completely when you urinate or experience urinary incontinence. (
  • Setting a schedule for toileting - for example, every two to four hours - gets you on track to urinate at the same times every day rather than waiting until you feel the urge to urinate. (
  • Because bladder control problems may develop slowly over time, many people are not aware that they have started to urinate more frequently or that they have changed their daily habits to avoid incontinence. (
  • Begin when you wake up in the morning and record each time you urinate normally and each time you have an episode of incontinence. (
  • People who experience this symptom need to urinate very often. (
  • In this case, there can be a leakage of urine when you get the urge to urinate. (
  • This symptom is characterized by the need to get up and urinate at least two times each night. (
  • Others may feel a strong, sudden urge to urinate just before losing a large amount of urine. (
  • The severity of urinary incontinence ranges from occasionally leaking urine when you cough or sneeze to having an urge to urinate that's so sudden and strong you don't get to a toilet in time. (
  • The principles of bladder training include frequent voluntary voiding in order to keep the bladder volume low and therefore avoid detrusor contractions and timing of CNS and pelvic mechanisms to inhibit the urge to urinate. (
  • Patients are taught to use timed voiding (voiding at regular intervals regardless of urge to urinate) and also to use relaxation techniques to suppress urgency that occurs between voids. (
  • Urge incontinence, which is leakage of urine with a sudden and urgent need to urinate. (
  • People with bladder symptoms often drink fewer liquids, so they don't have to urinate as often. (
  • A 2014 meta-analysis found that, for elderly males with LUTS, sitting to urinate meant there was a decrease in post-void residual volume (PVR, ml), increased maximum urinary flow (Qmax, ml/s), which is comparable with pharmacological intervention, and decreased the voiding time (VT, s). (
  • It is a sudden and deep urge to urinate, which then proceeds to involuntary urination. (
  • The client would then record his or her fluid intake and output, the episodes of urges to urinate, and the number of times that the client manifested incontinence. (
  • In fact, for some people, the reason for the urge to urinate is as simple as drinking too many fluids. (
  • There are a number of frequent urination causes that doctors consider when a person complains about the sudden urge to urinate or the need to urinate frequently. (
  • With urge incontinence, you may have a loss of bladder control following a strong urge to urinate. (
  • If you have leftover urine in the bladder after you urinate, you could have a urinary tract blockage or another functional issue. (
  • Here one loses urine even while suddenly feeling the urge to urinate. (
  • Urge incontinence happens when you have a strong need to urinate but can't reach the toilet in time. (
  • If you have urge incontinence , you may feel a sudden urge to urinate and the need to urinate often. (
  • 3. Urge incontinence- this is involuntary urine leakage accompanied by an urgency to urinate. (
  • 6. Functional incontinence: is a common condition which occurs when someone wants to urinate but cannot go to the bathroom. (
  • Also, a person must be able to sense, understand, and respond to the urge to urinate. (
  • For example, I have treated patients whose primary OCD symptom is experiencing the frequent urge to urinate. (
  • This patient woke up many times, felt the urge to urinate, and then would get out of bed to use the bathroom. (
  • Urge incontinence is involuntary loss of urine occurring for no apparent reason while suddenly feeling the need or urge to urinate. (
  • Urge incontinence happens when a person has a strong urge to urinate. (
  • You may begin bladder training by holding off for 10 minutes once you have the urge to urinate and then slowly increase the amount of time until you are going every two to four hours. (
  • Other conditions that can cause overflow incontinence include diabetic neuropathy and multiple sclerosis. (
  • If you frequently or constantly dribble urine, you may have overflow incontinence. (
  • With overflow incontinence, sometimes you may feel as if you never completely empty your bladder. (
  • Nerve damage from diabetes also can lead to overflow incontinence. (
  • Some medications can cause or increase the risk of developing overflow incontinence. (
  • Overflow incontinence results from obstruction or chronic urinary retention (inability to empty the bladder), which causes urine to spill out of the blocked or non-functioning bladder. (
  • Overflow incontinence can be caused by pelvic surgery or conditions such as diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and spinal injury. (
  • Overflow incontinence-The bladder will not empty, so urine builds up and the bladder overflows. (
  • Overflow incontinence is caused by overfill and overflow of the bladder. (
  • There are different types of urinary incontinence in men, including stress incontinence, urge incontinence, and overflow incontinence. (
  • Overflow incontinence is leaking of urine due to overfilling up and overflowing from bladder. (
  • If you frequently or constantly dribble urine, you may have overflow incontinence, which is an inability to empty your bladder. (
  • There are several types of incontinence: urge incontinence, stress incontinence, mixed incontinence and overflow incontinence. (
  • Overflow incontinence describes dribbling or leaking associated with incomplete bladder emptying. (
  • If a person has a frequent or constant dribbling of urine, he/she may have overflow incontinence, which is the bladder's inability to empty. (
  • Overflow incontinence could also be caused by prostate gland abnormalities in men. (
  • When the bladder is so full that it frequently leaks urine, it is overflow incontinence. (
  • Tumors and urinary stones can also block the urethra and contribute for overflow incontinence. (
  • Overflow incontinence happens when an overfilled bladder causes uncontrollable leaking of urine. (
  • A person with overflow incontinence may feel unable to completely empty the bladder. (
  • Overflow incontinence is most common in men. (
  • 2. Overflow incontinence is when you find out that you cannot stop your bladder from dribbling constantly for some few seconds after you have passed urine. (
  • Urine retention may also lead to overflow incontinence . (
  • 6 In these cases, children cannot feel when bowel movements occur and hence are at high risk for overflow incontinence. (
  • However, knowledge still is uncertain regarding what predisposes children to toilet refusal, whether there is an increased risk for megacolon or overflow incontinence in these children, and indeed even where they fit on the continuum of normal to abnormal bowel function. (
  • With overflow incontinence, the bladder has difficulty emptying completely. (
  • Overflow incontinence can be caused by a blocked urethra, injured bladder, prostate gland conditions in men, certain medications, and nerve damage associated with diabetes. (
  • Overflow incontinence occurs when the bladder doesn't empty properly. (
  • In some cases, overflow incontinence may be the result of obstruction which makes it difficult to empty the bladder. (
  • Bladder control, urgency, and urge incontinence: evidence from functional brain imaging. (
  • The term "voiding dysfunction" has been used to refer to urinary incontinence, urinary retention and symptoms of frequency and urgency. (
  • If you develop urgency in between the voiding intervals, immediately sit down in a comfortable position, take slow deep breaths in and out of your mouth, and try to imagine yourself in a favorite vacation spot or use some other relaxation technique until the urge passes. (
  • The safety and efficacy of Interstim therapy were determined by several Medtronic-sponsored studies, including the Single Stage Implant clinical study, which evaluated efficacy and safety in patients with urge incontinence (Urge Incontinence Study) and patients with urgency-frequency (Urgency-Frequency Study), a staged implant clinical study, and a post-approval study. (
  • This was a multicenter prospective randomized trial using the single-stage implantation technique for the indications of urge incontinence, urinary urgency-frequency, and urinary retention. (
  • The nerves in the sacral plexus will stop "firing" so often which can decrease symptoms of urgency and frequency. (
  • Share your experience of living with urgency, soiling, or incontinence - it can be therapeutic for you as well as others who suffer. (
  • To understand the epidemiology of OAB and associated symptoms (frequency, urgency, and urge incontinence), we sought publications that provided estimates of prevalence, which is the proportion of the population with the condition, or those that examined the proportion with onset of new symptoms over time, which is termed incidence. (
  • The effect of TOT on co-existing urgency and urge incontinence and voiding difficulty were also noted. (
  • It is characterised by urinary urgency, frequency and nocturia, with or without urge urinary incontinence. (
  • 1-5 Urgency is the key symptom of OBS. (
  • 15 Childhood urinary symptoms in women have been found to be independently associated with adult lower urinary tract symptoms, specifically urgency, frequency and nocturia. (
  • There are a wide range of issues that can arise from weakness in the muscles of the pelvic floor or around the organs inside the pelvis such as urinary frequency, urgency or problems with incontinence and interstitial cystitis. (
  • 7 , 8 Patients with OAB have an average of 84% more yearly visits to a physician and 21% more urinary tract infections (UTIs), which increases the cost and health care visits and even predisposes them to other health problems such as skin breakdown due to increased leakage. (
  • Urinary tract infections, mental impairment, medications, and restricted mobility can bring on transient incontinence. (
  • Urinary tract infections, medicines, or constipation can also produce short-term incontinence. (
  • Urge incontinence may be caused by urinary tract infections, bladder irritants, bowel problems, Parkinson's disease , Alzheimer's disease , stroke , injury or nervous system damage associated with multiple sclerosis . (
  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are considered to be the most common bacterial infection. (
  • 7 Foxman B. "Epidemiology of urinary tract infections: incidence, morbidity, and economic costs. (
  • In addition, improper use of absorbent products may contribute to skin breakdown and urinary tract infections (UTIs). (
  • for example multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, cauda equina syndrome Prostatitis, including IgG4-related prostatitis Urethral stricture Urinary tract infections (UTIs) The International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) can be used to gauge the symptoms, along with physician examination. (
  • Transient incontinence is temporary and triggered by medications, urinary tract infections, mental impairment and restricted mobility and stool impaction, which push against the urinary tract and obstruct over flow. (
  • 3. Various urinary tract infections can also cause this condition, continuous incontinence episodes can be a major sign of urinary tract infections. (
  • Using antibiotics is not a good way to treat urinary tract infections since bacteria will boost resistance against antibiotics after each use. (
  • The only way to treat urinary tract infections permanently is to do that the natural and effective way. (
  • The best part is that you will never have to worry about urinary tract infections recurrence or harmful side-effects, as UTI Be Gone is a completely natural solution which will brings permanent results. (
  • Order UTI Be Gone right today to get rid of urinary tract infections for good. (
  • Urinary tract infections are relatively rare in male patients, but they do represent a proportion of men attending with AUR. (
  • Did you know that more than millions of men and women suffer from urinary tract infections each year, and that almost half of all women will experience one during their lifetime? (
  • Advanced Urology Centers of New York treats thousands of patients each year for urinary tract infections. (
  • Urinary incontinence may also appear as a side effect of a medication prescribed for a non-urinary problem or caused by bladder or urinary tract infections. (
  • Risks when using absorbent products include irritation around the groin area and an increased risk of urinary tract infections. (
  • If you suffer from constipation, temporary use of a mild laxative to make you go to the bathroom may provide relief, but using them continuously can make fecal incontinence worse. (
  • Surgery can be an option for some causes of fecal incontinence, most often to repair a prolapse or a damaged anal sphincter. (
  • The same procedure described to treat urinary incontinence can be used for fecal incontinence as well. (
  • Bulking agents similar to those used to treat urinary incontinence have recently been developed for fecal incontinence. (
  • If constipation is causing fecal incontinence, your doctor may recommend drinking plenty of fluids and eating fiber-rich foods. (
  • If muscle damage is causing fecal incontinence, your doctor may recommend a program of exercise and other therapies to restore muscle strength. (
  • A Cochrane Review by Thaha et al reported that SNS can improve continence in a proportion of patients with fecal incontinence. (
  • InterStim Therapy for Bowel Control is indicated for the treatment of chronic fecal incontinence in patients who have failed or are not candidates for more conservative treatments. (
  • In the latest edition of her classic textbook on urinary and fecal incontinence, Doughty 14 explains that the development of standard classification and terminology in the field of continence care has been complicated by the fact that continence does not belong to any one specialty and the natural tendency of each involved specialty is to use its own "system" and vocabulary. (
  • this article will be limited to discussing urinary incontinence and will not address fecal incontinence. (
  • Out of the blue at age 58 I started having fecal incontinence and would wake up in the middle of the night in a large puddle of diarrhea. (
  • I have had fecal incontinence for 7 years. (
  • See also fecal incontinence . (
  • What's New in the Toolbox for Constipation and Fecal Incontinence? (
  • Constipation and fecal incontinence (FI) are common complaints predominantly affecting the elderly and women. (
  • Both constipation and fecal incontinence (FI) are common symptoms facing primary care physicians and gastroenterologists alike. (
  • FI is involuntary loss of rectal contents (including liquid or solid stool or gas) and can be subcategorized into passive incontinence (loss of stool without the urge to defecate), urge incontinence (inability to postpone defecation urge), and fecal seepage (involuntary loss of small amounts of stool) ( 7 ). (
  • The condition is worse for those with fecal incontinence, as stool can irritate the skin more than urine. (
  • A typical symptom is involuntary loss or leakage of urine. (
  • Millions of women experience involuntary loss of urine called urinary incontinence (UI). (
  • Urinary incontinence, defined as the involuntary loss of urine, is common, particularly in women. (
  • Ouslander and Johnson 1 define urinary incontinence (UI) as the involuntary loss of urine in sufficient amounts with enough frequency to have negative health and social consequences. (
  • Urinary incontinence is defined by the International Continence Society as involuntary loss of urine that is a hygienic or social problem to the individual. (
  • Some define urinary incontinence to include any involuntary loss of urine. (
  • Stress incontinence is the involuntary loss of urine during an increase of intra-abdominal pressure produced from activities such as coughing, laughing or exercising. (
  • Involuntary loss of urine preceded by a strong urge to void, whether or not the bladder is full, is a symptom of the condition commonly referred to as "urge incontinence. (
  • This type of incontinence is common in people with a damaged bladder or blocked urethra and in men with prostate gland problems. (
  • As the prostate enlarges, it may squeeze the urethra and affect the flow of the urinary stream. (
  • Stress incontinence (SUI) - When pelvic muscles that support the bladder and urethra weaken, or if a dysfunction of the urethral sphincter develops, stress incontinence may result. (
  • Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) refer to a group of clinical symptoms involving the bladder, urinary sphincter, urethra and, in men, the prostate. (
  • Stress urinary incontinence in women is most commonly caused by loss of support of the urethra, which is usually a consequence of damage to pelvic support structures as a result of pregnancy, childbirth, obesity, age, among others. (
  • Cystoscopy is a diagnostic test that allows your doctor to see inside the urethra and bladder to diagnose a urinary condition such as female incontinence. (
  • Urinary incontinence occurs if the bladder muscles suddenly contract or muscles surrounding the urethra suddenly relax. (
  • Weak bladder muscles or a blocked urethra causes this type of incontinence. (
  • Stress incontinence is most commonly caused when the urethra (the tube from the bladder to the outside of the body) is hypermobile because of problems with the muscles of the pelvis. (
  • A less common cause of stress incontinence is a muscle defect in the urethra known as intrinsic sphincter deficiency. (
  • If the fascial support is weakened, as it can be in pregnancy and childbirth, the urethra can move downward at times of increased abdominal pressure, resulting in stress incontinence. (
  • Your urinary system consists of your kidneys, bladder, and urethra. (
  • But what happens to people with urge incontinence is that their bladder contracts force that is strong enough to override the sphincter muscles of the urethra. (
  • When the prostate enlarges, it can squeeze the urethra and in return, affects the flow of the urinary stream. (
  • The lack of normal intrinsic pressure within the urethra-known as intrinsic urethral sphincter deficiency-is another factor leading to stress incontinence. (
  • The enlarged prostate can squeeze the urinary tube (urethra), causing urinary symptoms. (
  • OAB has far-reaching consequences for both physical and mental health, with symptoms such as skin breakdown due to leakage, sleep disturbance, fall-related injuries, depression, prolonged hospital stays, admission to a nursing home, and lower quality of life. (
  • Urinary incontinence is the loss of voluntary bladder control that can cause leakage of urine. (
  • Urinary incontinence (UI) is the accidental leakage of urine . (
  • Stress incontinence, which is leakage of urine triggered by effort or exertion. (
  • Urinary incontinence (UI), also known as involuntary urination, is any uncontrolled leakage of urine. (
  • Urinary incontinence is the loss of voluntary bladder control that can lead to urine leakage. (
  • With stress incontinence, leakage may happen when there is extra pressure on your bladder. (
  • Transient incontinence occurs when urine leakage is caused by a temporary situation such as an infection or new medication. (
  • Urinary incontinence is a common distressing condition characterized by involuntary urine leakage. (
  • 1. Stress incontinence - this is characterized by urine-leakage which is caused by increased abdominal pressure from coughing, sneezing, climbing stairs, laughing among other physical stressors on your abdominal cavity and thus pressure on the bladder. (
  • Your doctor may ask you to keep a bladder diary -- a record of your fluid intake, trips to the bathroom, and episodes of urine leakage. (
  • When intra abdominal pressure is increased from cough , laugh this causes leakage of urine in some individuals and this is called stress incontinence . (
  • The term "stress" incontinence has nothing to do with emotional stress but instead means physical stress in the abdomen which increases bladder pressures and causes sudden episodes of leakage. (
  • If you have a form of incontinence that makes you more prone to leakage or accidents, you may also experience more severe IAD. (
  • When injected into the bladder wall, BOTOX works on the bladder muscle to prevent leakage of urine (urinary incontinence) due to uncontrolled contractions of the bladder muscle. (
  • Kegel exercises strengthen your pelvic floor muscles and urinary sphincter. (
  • The electrical stimulation modulates nerves that supply the bladder, bowels, urinary and anal sphincters, and pelvic floor muscles. (
  • Stress urinary incontinence is caused by relaxation of the pelvic floor muscles usually due to stretching during childbirth in women. (
  • Stress incontinence results when there is a problem with the pelvic floor muscles, sphincter, or both. (
  • Since pelvic floor muscles support the bladder, any condition that leads to damage of the pelvic floor muscles can lead to urinary incontinence. (
  • By keeping healthy bowel habits, you may be able to avoid constipation and help to lessen bladder symptoms. (
  • Severe constipation can cause transient incontinence as well. (
  • Most people will suffer from brief (acute) episodes of constipation at some stage in their lives without any issues. (
  • Medications such as antacids, antidepressants or even iron supplements can also cause constipation. (
  • This type of constipation is ongoing and can be caused by medications, lifestyle factors, poor diet choices, not drinking enough liquids or an underlying medical condition. (
  • This type of constipation usually starts suddenly and is often caused by travel, taking new medications, or changes in routine. (
  • As everyone has different bowel habits, the symptoms of constipation will vary between individuals, depending on their normal toilet routine. (
  • However, the study added that SNS did not improve symptoms in patients with constipation. (
  • Incontinence can be a short-term problem caused by a urinary tract infection , a medicine, or constipation. (
  • 9 Toilet refusal and encopresis are generally interchangeable from a clinical standpoint because they share a constellation of symptoms: constipation, low-fiber intake, painful bowel movements, bowel-movement withholding, and/or toilet avoidance. (
  • Constipation and urinary tract infection can also lead to this urinary problem. (
  • Risk factors for OBS include vaginal birth delivery, 14 with 40% of parous women experiencing urge urinary incontinence, older age, obesity and chronic constipation. (
  • Symptoms of substance constipation may be reduced by increasing the amount of dietary fruit, fibre, and water consumed. (
  • A common cause of temporary urinary incontinence is a urinary tract infection. (
  • Urge incontinence may be caused by a urinary tract infection or by anything that irritates the bladder. (
  • Incontinence may also be caused by not being able to get to a bathroom on time because of a disability or by a temporary problem like a urinary tract infection . (
  • An infection, like a urinary tract infection (UTI) , can irritate the bladder nerves and cause the bladder to squeeze without warning. (
  • And we're also talking about infection and inflammation in the urinary tract, not to mention incontinence in the bladder. (
  • Urge Incontinence may be caused by different disease process such as urinary tract infection, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, stroke, injury or nerve damage associated with Multiple Sclerosis. (
  • Urinary tract infection irritates the bladder, causing incontinence. (
  • Urinary tract infection - An infection in any part of your urinary. (
  • Kidney infection - Can involve symptoms like cloudy and smelly urine along with urination frequency. (
  • 2 In addition to affecting quality of life, complications of urinary incontinence include urinary retention, chronic lower urinary tract infection and vesicoureteral reflux, all of which affect health greatly. (
  • Urge incontinence is most common in older people and may or may not be a sign of a Urinary Tract Infection. (
  • A Urinary Tract Infection, or UTI, will affect half of all women at some stage in their life. (
  • UTI Be Gone is a new program that provides people with natural remedies, techniques, tips, and detailed instructions on how to beat their urinary tract infection quickly. (
  • In the program, people will discover a lot of healthy foods that support them in the urinary tract infection treatment process. (
  • In addition, the program is designed by Sherry Han, who suffered from urinary tract infection for many years. (
  • Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) is the most common nosocomial infection. (
  • Because of anatomic, functional, and hormonal modifications, urinary tract infection is frequent during pregnancy. (
  • If you've developed any secondary infection, your doctor may prescribe a topical antifungal or oral antibiotic medication. (
  • Urinary incontinence is the inability to control urination. (
  • Incontinence can be a mild problem with just a little urination when coughing or laughing, or it can be a debilitating and complete loss of bladder control. (
  • Symptoms before urination. (
  • Whether it was a leak or a typical urination in the bathroom, record what type of symptoms you had, if any, before urination. (
  • Frequent urination can be a challenge, since in some cases, a person may lose control of their bladder when the urge to go to the washroom strikes. (
  • During urination, the muscles in the wall of the urinary bladder contract. (
  • Problems or damage either in the urinary tract or in the nerves that control urination. (
  • Alpha-1 blockers are better at relieving urinary symptoms such as difficult or frequent urination, and are best for men with smaller prostate glands. (
  • Nocturia, defined as two or more episodes of urination during the night, increases with age, and is associated with other conditions including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and antidepressant use. (
  • This type of incontinence occurs when people have urge incontinence but are unable to get to the toilet because of conditions such as dementia, stroke, or immobility. (
  • Stress incontinence occurs when the sphincter muscle at the bladder is weakened. (
  • Urinary incontinence occurs more often in women than in men. (
  • Urinary incontinence occurs more often in women than in men, and it is a lot more common than you might expect. (
  • Incontinence occurs because of problems with muscles and nerves that help to hold or release urine. (
  • Stress incontinence is urine loss that occurs with an increase in abdominal pressure, and is often due to urethral hypermobility. (
  • Stress incontinence - a type of female urinary incontinence that occurs when urine leaks from your bladder with you cough, sneeze, laugh, exercise or lift something heavy. (
  • Stress incontinence also occurs if the muscles that do the squeezing weaken. (
  • This type of incontinence occurs among people with injury to the nervous system such as paralysis from spinal cord injury that affects the nerves that run to the bladder. (
  • Mixed incontinence occurs when a person experiences more than one type of incontinence. (
  • Stress incontinence occurs when you sneeze, cough, laugh, jog, or do other things that put pressure on your bladder . (
  • Urinary incontinence occurs when your bladder muscles contract suddenly or the sphincter muscles become less strong, losing its ability to hold urine back. (
  • Urge incontinence occurs due to overactivity of the bladder wall muscle (the detrusor). (
  • Functional incontinence occurs when a person does not recognize the need to go to the toilet, recognize where the toilet is, or get to the toilet in time. (
  • Urge incontinence occurs more frequently in women and older adults. (
  • When this occurs, it is termed mixed incontinence. (
  • Functional incontinence occurs because of a physical or thought processing problem that prevents a person from getting to the bathroom in time. (
  • Urinary incontinence is loss of bladder control. (
  • Any loss of bladder control can be considered incontinence. (
  • Urinary incontinence - the loss of bladder control - is a common and often embarrassing problem. (
  • Loss of bladder control is referred to as urinary incontinence . (
  • Drugs That Cause Loss of Bladder Control [ hide all summaries ] February Urinary incontinence, or loss of bladder control, is a common and often embarrassing problem that can have a huge impact on quality of life. (
  • Urinary incontinence is a condition characterized by the loss of bladder control. (
  • Alcoholic and caffeinated beverages can result to temporary incontinence as these drinks lead to temporary loss of bladder control. (
  • Chronic incontinence - Ongoing medical conditions can cause incontinence. (
  • Absorbent pads and internal and external collecting devices have an important role in the management of chronic incontinence. (
  • Based on expert analysis, 25 million adults in the US alone experience transient or chronic Urinary Incontinence. (
  • I have chronic urinary incontinence while sleeping. (
  • Urinary incontinence is one of the most common chronic medical conditions seen in primary care practice. (
  • Coupled with chronic diseases, the risk for urinary incontinence increases with age. (
  • This type of incontinence is called functional incontinence. (
  • Functional incontinence refers to bladder difficulties experienced by patients who have a normal urinary system but have mental or physical disabilities that impair their mobility and keep them from getting to the bathroom in a timely fashion. (
  • Functional incontinence-There is normal bladder control, but the toilet cannot be reached in time. (
  • Drugs that cause confusion or sedation can also lead to functional incontinence. (
  • Functional incontinence - can occur in patients who have a medical condition that makes it challenging for them to get to the bathroom in time for them to go. (
  • People with problems thinking, moving or communicating that prevent them from reaching a toilet suffer from functional incontinence. (
  • Functional incontinence is often associated with age.In women, the stress and urge incontinence occur together most of the times. (
  • Functional incontinence is the inability to get to the bathroom in time because of a physical or other type of disability. (
  • Some doctors also include functional incontinence as a fifth potential type. (
  • Causes of functional incontinence include confusion, dementia, poor eyesight, poor mobility, poor dexterity, unwillingness to toilet because of depression, anxiety or anger, or being in a situation in which you are unable to reach a toilet. (
  • An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of urinary incontinence. (
  • Diagnosis of urinary incontinence in men will involve a medical history and physical exam, and may include keeping a bladder diary. (
  • Diagnosis of urinary incontinence in women may involve a physical exam, an ultrasound , urodynamic testing , and tests including cystoscopy , urinalysis , and a bladder stress test. (
  • Large studies of patients have also failed to show any correlation between lower urinary tract symptoms and a specific diagnosis. (
  • Placement of a temporary prostatic stent as a differential diagnosis test can help identify whether LUTS symptoms are directly related to obstruction of the prostate or to other factors worth investigation. (
  • Despite its common occurrence and often seemingly obvious causes, female urinary incontinence requires a thorough and thoughtful evaluation for its proper diagnosis and treatment. (
  • Other symptoms suggestive of a diagnosis of Lewy body dementia are (Sadock, et al. (
  • Diagnosis and therapy are more difficult when more than one cause is present, but the cause or causes of incontinence must be identified to provide effective treatment. (
  • Because the prevalence of urinary incontinence increases with age, a working knowledge of the diagnosis and treatment of the various types of urinary incontinence is fundamental to the care of women. (
  • The key to accurate diagnosis of urinary incontinence is consideration of all possible causes during the initial assessment. (
  • Incontinence can either be temporary (e.g., caused by infections or medications) or persistent. (
  • There are many causes of urge incontinence, including medical conditions (benign prostatic hyperplasia, Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, stroke, and spinal cord injuries), bladder infections or obstructions, and the aging process. (
  • UTIs, vaginal infections or irritation, and medications can temporarily cause or aggravate UI. (
  • In addition, some children are born with nerve problems that can keep the bladder from releasing urine, leading to urinary infections or kidney damage. (
  • If urinary incontinence goes untreated, it can lead to infections and other problems. (
  • Restored bladder function is defined as a measurable reduction in urinary frequency and/or urinary incontinence episodes following PTNM treatment. (
  • SNS with Interstim was approved in 1997 for the treatment of urge incontinence and in 1999 for urinary retention and urinary frequency symptoms. (
  • Most studies report an improvement in incontinence (typical reduction 1-3 episodes/day), frequency (reductions of 2-5 episodes/day), nocturia (reductions of 1-2 episodes/night) and quality of life. (
  • The definition of urinary incontinence in men is the unintentional loss of urine. (
  • The definition of urinary incontinence in women is the unintentional loss of urine. (
  • Evidence suggests that breakdowns in the bladder-brain communication pathway are the root cause of OAB and non-obstructive urinary retention. (
  • Changes in brain activity following sacral Neuromodulation for urinary retention. (
  • Botulinum toxin has also been injected into the detrusor muscle with some success, although it can sometimes cause post treatment urinary retention. (
  • Urinary retention (problems passing urine)-Should not be used in patients with these conditions. (
  • Urinary retention (inability to void) is a serious symptom of severe BPH that requires immediate medical attention. (
  • This is a common problem that ranges from occasionally leaking urine when the bladder gets compressed when coughing, sneezing or bearing down to having a urinary urge that is so sudden and tough that one fails to seek relief on time. (
  • Attack - Sudden onset of new symptoms or worsening of old ones due to multiple sclerosis. (
  • Stress urinary incontinence denotes involuntary urine leak right at the moment of sudden increase in pressure of urinary bladder usually induced by coughing, sneezing, heavy lifting. (
  • As well, the loss of estrogen associated with menopause can lead to weakness of the pelvic muscle support and cause stress incontinence. (
  • Physical changes resulting from pregnancy, childbirth and menopause can cause stress incontinence. (
  • Bodily changes resulting from pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause often create stress incontinence. (
  • Incidences of stress incontinence usually increase after menopause. (
  • Pregnancy , childbirth , and menopause may contribute to urinary incontinence in women. (
  • Pregnancy and childbirth , menopause , and the structure of the female urinary tract account for this difference. (
  • After menopause, estrogen production decreases and, in some women, urethral tissue will demonstrate atrophy, becoming weaker and thinner, possibly playing a role in the development of urinary incontinence. (
  • Women are much more likely to develop urinary incontinence than men due to pregnancy, childbirth and menopause. (
  • Stress incontinence increases in women following menopause. (
  • This is due to the structure of the female urinary tract as well as the effects of pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause. (
  • Physical changes resulting from pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause often cause stress incontinence, and in men it is a common problem following a prostatectomy . (
  • The incidence of stress incontinence increases following menopause, similarly because of lowered estrogen levels. (
  • The symptoms of menopause can sometimes be severe, and seriously disrupt daily life, like for example disturb sleep, lower energy or influence emotional health. (
  • In this case, periods stop instantly and symptoms of menopause can be severe, because hormonal changes happen all at once rather than gradually over several years. (
  • These treatments can lead to symptoms such as hot flashes during or shortly after the treatment, and prompt menopause. (
  • An incompetent urethral sphincter cannot prevent the urine from leaking out of the urinary bladder during activities that increase the intraabdominal pressure, such as coughing, sneezing, or laughing. (
  • Treatment of stress urinary incontinence focuses on supplementing the urethral continence mechanisms, particularly the urethral supports and periurethral striated muscle function. (
  • Seventy women urodynamically diagnosed with stress incontinence with urethral hypermobility underwent a Monarc TOS (American Medical Systems, Minnetonka, USA). (
  • Normal storage of urine is dependent on spinal reflex mechanisms that activate sympathetic and somatic pathways to the urethral outlet and tonic inhibitory systems in the brain that suppress the parasympathetic excitatory outflow to the urinary bladder. (
  • Treatment of urinary incontinence in men may include behavioral treatments, like bladder training and Kegel exercises, medication, surgery, or a combination of these therapies. (
  • Research is ongoing to discover new and better treatments for urinary incontinence in men. (
  • Treatments are based on the cause of the urinary incontinence. (
  • Luckily, treatments are available that can help you regain bowel control or at least minimize/manage your symptoms. (
  • This is a more drastic procedure reserved for people with severe incontinence and for whom other treatments have failed. (
  • Additional treatments for some types of incontinence include pessary placement and surgery. (
  • These treatments can improve anal sphincter control and the awareness of the urge to defecate. (
  • To know if he has incontinence and what treatments are available, a man should overcome embarassment and tell his primary care provider. (
  • OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) compared with other surgical treatments for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and with other tension-free midurethral slings. (
  • Urinary incontinence can also be a side effect of cancer treatments. (
  • Depending on the severity, type or underlying cause of incontinence, your doctor may recommend these treatments first to help strengthen and train your pelvic floor and bladder. (
  • According to the American Urological Association, some 10-13 million people in the United States experience urinary incontinence , the involuntary leaking of urine. (
  • Urinary incontinence is the involuntary and unintentional leaking of urine. (
  • Keep track of your symptoms and any leaking of urine with a bladder diary. (
  • Urodynamic and cystoscopic study may be helpful in complex, resistant and recurring cases of urinary incontinence of any cause. (
  • Some of these causes may only result to temporary condition while there are also those that lead to persistent and more serious cases of urinary incontinence. (
  • If bladder muscles become too active, you may feel a strong urge to go to the bathroom when you have little urine in your bladder. (
  • Treatment for incontinence may involve changing habits and schedules, doing special exercises to strengthen bladder control muscles, taking medications, or surgery. (
  • For the urinary system to do its job, muscles and nerves must work together to hold urine in the bladder and then release it at the right time. (
  • Incontinence will occur if your bladder muscles suddenly contract or the sphincter muscles are not strong enough to hold back urine. (
  • Multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, stroke and injury can harm the bladder nerves or muscles and result in urge incontinence. (
  • These muscles also help to hold the urinary tract in place, so if the muscles are weakened, they may not be able to keep the bladder or other structures in the right position in the body. (
  • Weak muscles in the lower urinary tract . (
  • Strengthening your pelvic muscles with Kegel exercises may lower your risk for incontinence. (
  • Lewy body dementia is a type of dementia clinically similar to Alzheimer's disease that is also accompanied by symptoms like hallucinations and parkinsonian features such as rigid muscles, slow movement, and tremors. (
  • It helps to relax the muscles in the bladder and reduce the daily episodes of incontinence. (
  • Stress incontinence is due to a combination of weak ligaments and weak pelvic muscles. (
  • Strengthening the muscles in your vagina can improve symptoms. (
  • Some options for treatment include kegel exercises to strengthen pelvic muscles, use of a pessary (http://en.Wikipedia.Org/wiki/pessary), and surgery to resupport the fallen structures. (
  • Feeling anxious or nervous can at times lead to symptoms like a racing heartbeat, clenched muscles, upset stomach, and trouble sleeping. (
  • With rare exceptions, urinary incontinence is the result of failure of the sphincter mechanism to resist bladder pressures encountered during daily activities. (
  • A valve-like muscle in the bladder (urinary sphincter) opens and allows urine to empty from the bladder. (
  • When you have finished urinating, the urinary sphincter closes. (
  • 5. Transient incontinence is a temporary condition initiated by mental impairment, medications, adrenal insufficiency, restricted mobility plus stool impaction. (
  • Although bowel and bladder symptoms in otherwise healthy children typically are transient, untreated issues can spiral into physical, behavioral, and developmental problems that disrupt toilet training and maintenance of bowel and/or bladder continence. (
  • In diagnosing childhood multiple sclerosis (MS), the doctor must determine whether a single episode of neurologic symptoms is ADEM or the beginning of MS. (
  • Healthy people can have urge incontinence, but it is often found in elderly people or in those who have diabetes , stroke , Alzheimer's disease , Parkinson's disease , or multiple sclerosis . (
  • Stroke, Parkinson's disease, and multiple sclerosis all affect the brain and nervous system, so they can also cause incontinence. (
  • About 33% of all women experience urinary incontinence after giving birth, and women who deliver vaginally are about twice as likely to have urinary incontinence as women who give birth via a Caesarean section. (
  • Women experience urinary incontinence twice as often as men. (
  • This form of incontinence fades away as the bladder grows and nerves become mature. (
  • It is the most common form of incontinence in men and is treatable. (
  • Absorbent products may be used to manage any form of incontinence. (
  • Urge incontinence is thought to be related to detrusor overactivity. (
  • The current paradigm for the treatment of urge incontinence centres on pharmacologic therapy, primarily by correcting detrusor overactivity with antimuscarinic drugs. (
  • The most common cause of urge incontinence is involuntary and inappropriate detrusor muscle contractions. (
  • It can be caused by a spinal cord injury or by injury to the urinary system from surgery. (
  • This type of incontinence can be caused by injuries to the spinal cord or urinary system or by an abnormal opening (fistula) between the bladder and an adjacent structure, such as the vagina. (
  • Spinal cord injury or injury to the urinary system from surgery can cause total incontinence. (
  • In your experience, can a spinal tumor at L4 that takes up left side of thecal sac cause symptoms of incontinence, pain and weakness that are variable, worsening at times then improving for a time? (
  • Spinal cord injury can cause incontinence by interrupting the nerve signals required for bladder control. (
  • 8 The prevalence of all incontinence increases with age. (
  • Nevertheless, many men do suffer from incontinence. (
  • According to a 2009 Rand study, as many as 8 million women in the U.S., or 3% of all U.S. women, suffer from interstitial cystitis and suffer from debilitating symptoms. (
  • Age - older women are more likely to suffer from urinary incontinence. (
  • In extreme cases, some patients suffer urinary incontinence because the nerves in their bladder cannot communicate effectively. (
  • Patients with urge incontinence can suffer incontinence during sleep, after drinking a small amount of water, or when they touch water or hear it running (as when washing dishes or hearing someone else taking a shower). (
  • Dealing with urinary incontinence without treatment can affect the emotional, psychological and social life - those who suffer are not able to live their full lives, afraid to stray too far from a toilet. (
  • The Urinary Care Foundation says a quarter to a third of men and women in the U.S. suffer from urinary incontinence. (
  • Many types of surgical procedures are used to correct anatomical problems that contribute to severe urinary incontinence. (
  • Others believe that if the incontinence is severe and correctable by surgical means, a trial of medical therapy is not mandatory and does not need to be performed if the informed patient chooses to proceed directly to surgery. (
  • Electrical therapy can be considered in patients with severe refractory urge incontinence who do not respond to behavior therapy and medications. (
  • Urinary incontinence secondary to severe labial agglutination. (
  • The purpose of the study was to describe the presentation and management of urinary incontinence because of severe labial adhesions. (
  • IAD can erode this barrier, causing severe and uncomfortable symptoms. (
  • Some women face only trivial symptoms while others undergo severe symptoms. (
  • Eliminate or decrease foods or beverages that may worsen your bladder symptoms. (
  • Stress incontinence can worsen the week before a menstrual period. (
  • Certain fluids and medications such as diuretics can worsen this condition, along with emotional states such as anxiety. (
  • Medical conditions like hyperthyroidism and uncontrolled diabetes can also lead to or worsen urge incontinence. (
  • This collection of concentrated salts can irritate your bladder and worsen incontinence. (
  • You should also decrease or eliminate beverages that may worsen bladder symptoms. (
  • Stress incontinence is seen to worsen before the menstrual period. (
  • Lewy body dementia is a progressive disease , meaning symptoms start slowly and worsen over time. (
  • Complications can occur with the evaluation, including movement of the wire, technical problems with the device, and some temporary pain. (
  • Does the mesh implant to treat stress urinary incontinence resulted in complications? (
  • Short-term complications of the trans-obturator foramen procedure for urinary stress incontinence. (
  • Other medications that have been used for some types of urinary incontinence include alpha-adrenergic agents, duloxitene and topical estrogen. (
  • Other common types of urinary incontinence include giggle incontinent which is common in children and is caused by laughter. (
  • The lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with the development of BPH rarely occur before age 40, but more than half of men in their sixties and up to 90 percent in their seventies and eighties have some LUTS. (
  • Although LUTS is a preferred term for prostatism, and is more commonly applied to men, lower urinary tract symptoms also affect women. (
  • Also, recently a report of lower urinary tract symptoms even with malignant features in the prostate failed to be associated with prostate cancer after further laboratory investigation of the biopsy. (
  • He can have trouble urinating, causing a number of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). (
  • The symptoms associated with BPH are collectively called lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). (
  • These urinary difficulties are part of a group of symptoms called collectively lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). (
  • Additionally, frequent exercise in high-impact activities can cause athletic incontinence to develop. (
  • A temporary loss of muscle control causes frequent involuntary muscle spasms that are often painful. (
  • A combination of urge and stress incontinence causes a condition called mixed incontinence which is common among the elderly. (
  • Most common side effects of PTNM are temporary and include mild pain or skin inflammation at or near the stimulation site. (
  • After your doctor knows what has caused the incontinence, your treatment may include exercises, bladder training, medicines, a pessary, or a combination of these. (
  • Risk factors for urge incontinence include aging , obstructions to urine flow (such as an enlarged prostate ), and consumption of so-called bladder irritants (such as coffee, tea, colas, chocolate , and acidic fruit juices). (
  • Mild symptoms can be approached with conservative measures that may include dietary modifications, exercise, and medications. (
  • Other causes of temporary incontinence include medications like those for hypertension, sedation, heart diseases, and for muscle relaxation. (
  • Some of these changes include reduction in bladder capacity, decreased urinary flow rate, and uninhibited contractions. (
  • Some of the services provided by the doctor include Cystoscopy Procedure, Blood In Urine (Hematuria) Treatment, Treatment Of Erectile Dysfunction, Treatment of H.I.V, Hydrocele Treatment (Surgical), Incontinence Treatment, Kidney Transplant Treatment, Lithotripsy Procedure, Treatment Of Male Sexual Problems and Men's Health. (
  • Second line therapies are more invasive, and include botulinum toxin, neuromodulation or surgical interventions such as augmentation cystoplasty or urinary diversion. (
  • Treatment options include medications and surgery. (
  • One common cause of urge incontinence is inappropriate bladder contractions due to abnormal nerve signals that create bladder spasms. (
  • The common cause of urge incontinence is due to inappropriate bladder contractions. (
  • Treatment options for urinary incontinence depend on the type of incontinence and the severity of the condition. (
  • They depend on the type of incontinence you have and how much it affects your life. (
  • citation needed] The most common types of urinary incontinence in women are stress urinary incontinence and urge urinary incontinence. (
  • Pregnancy brings various symptoms, one possibly being dry heaving pregnancy episodes. (
  • However, adult women are far more likely to experience UI because of the anatomy of their urinary tract and the stresses caused by pregnancy and childbirth. (
  • Urinary incontinence in women is common and treatable. (
  • Urinary incontinence in women is treatable and often curable. (
  • This is the commonest cause for incontinence in women and is treatable. (
  • Many are seeking help with treatable forms of incontinence and benefiting from the newest technological advances: hormone replacement therapy, electrical stimulation, exercise, vaginal cones, medications, and behavioral approaches. (
  • Urinary incontinence should not be considered as a disease, but a symptom for an underlying treatable disease. (
  • Many people have a combination of stress and urge urinary incontinence. (
  • Mixed incontinence, which includes both stress and urge types. (
  • Behavioral therapy generally works better than medication for stress and urge incontinence. (
  • 3 Mixed incontinence is the concurrence of stress and urge incontinence symptoms. (
  • Generally, mixed incontinence refers to a combination of stress and urge incontinence. (
  • Estrogen therapy should not be used as a treatment for stress incontinence. (
  • Many older adults, especially people in nursing homes, experience incontinence simply because a physical or mental impairment keeps them from making it to the toilet in time. (
  • An incontinence caused by a client's physical or mental impairment. (
  • Childbirth via vaginal delivery, prolonged or difficult labour, previous pelvic surgery, being overweight or obese, and having a family history of stress incontinence can all increase the risk of stress incontinence. (
  • The exact causes of urinary incontinence remain unknown, but doctors believe that urinary incontinence most commonly results from physical changes in a woman's body - possibly from a combination of weight gain, loss of hormones through aging, lingering effects of childbirth (especially multiple deliveries), and previous gynecologic surgery. (
  • The annual direct costs of OAB in the US - including diagnostic tests, physician visits, medications, treatment procedures, and supplies such as pads, diapers, and home care - total over $12 billion. (
  • But before treatment can begin, your doctor needs to know exactly what type of incontinence you have. (
  • Receive general information on incontinence, its causes and treatment options. (
  • The right treatment will depend on the cause of your incontinence. (
  • surgery are all possible treatment options, depending upon the exact type and severity of the incontinence. (
  • In most cases, simple lifestyle changes or medical treatment can ease your discomfort or stop urinary incontinence. (
  • Treatment is keyed to the type of incontinence. (
  • Treatment of comorbid disease may minimize incontinence episodes. (
  • Long-term use of absorbent products may lead to inevitable acceptance of the incontinence condition, which removes the motivation to seek evaluation and treatment. (
  • Physical activity Physical activity has been recommended as a treatment for urinary tract symptoms. (
  • The treatment of mixed urinary incontinence requires consideration of the contribution of each of its components. (
  • The aim of this review is to give primary care practitioners an overview of the current understanding of the taxonomy, pathophysiology, evaluation and treatment of female urinary incontinence. (
  • Your Mercy Health doctor will evaluate your condition as well as the cause of your urinary incontinence to develop the most effective treatment plan. (
  • The usual treatment is a course of oral antibiotics with many doctors also prescribing medication to relieve the pain. (
  • Some Lewy body dementia symptoms may respond to treatment for some time. (
  • In her recent review of incontinence in long-term care, Prochodo 6 notes, "Despite its prevalence (in long-term care), there is a lack of knowledge and understanding about urinary incontinence, its causes, and its treatment. (
  • The treatment of urinary incontinence varies depending on the specific cause of incontinence. (
  • The best treatment for urge incontinence is behavior therapy in the form of pelvic floor muscle exercises. (
  • No medication has been approved for the treatment of stress incontinence, although medications are under development. (
  • This article will review the general evaluation and treatment of urinary incontinence, with a focus on the use of these new medications. (
  • Selection of an oral anticholinergic agent for treatment of urge incontinence should be based on a discussion with the patient about efficacy and side effects. (
  • Before prescribing medications for the treatment of incontinence, it is essential to determine the nature and cause of the incontinence. (
  • treatment may eliminate or improve incontinence. (
  • Algorithm for evaluation and treatment of urinary incontinence. (
  • Tell your treatment or prescriber about all night, over-the-counter non-prescriptionand work medications that you are necessary. (
  • The objective of this study was to compare the residual effect of a 3-month rehabilitation treatment and a standard drug treatment for urge urinary incontinence (UUI) 21 months post intervention. (
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a readjustable sling for the treatment of male stress urinary incontinence (SUI). (
  • We evaluated the long-term efficacy and safety of the IRIS procedure and compared it with tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. (
  • All patients being treated with bupropion for smoking cessation treatment should be observed for neuropsychiatric symptoms including changes in behavior, hostility, agitation, depressed mood, and suicide-related events, including ideation, behavior, and attempted suicide. (
  • When symptoms were reported, most were during treatment with ZYBAN, but some were following discontinuation of treatment with ZYBAN. (
  • See WARNINGS: Neuropsychiatric Symptoms and Suicide Risk in Smoking Cessation Treatment and PRECAUTIONS: Information for Patients. (
  • In most cases, IAD is temporary and will clear up with treatment. (
  • If you experience symptoms of more than one type of urinary incontinence, such as stress incontinence and urge incontinence, you have mixed incontinence. (
  • Experiencing more than one type of urinary incontinence. (
  • During the exam, your doctor will evaluate your symptoms to determine which type of urinary incontinence you are suffering from. (
  • Some people may have more than one type of urinary incontinence. (