A masticatory muscle whose action is closing the jaws; its posterior portion retracts the mandible.
Muscles arising in the zygomatic arch that close the jaw. Their nerve supply is masseteric from the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
A masticatory muscle whose action is closing the jaws.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.
Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.
The protein constituents of muscle, the major ones being ACTINS and MYOSINS. More than a dozen accessory proteins exist including TROPONIN; TROPOMYOSIN; and DYSTROPHIN.
Unstriated and unstriped muscle, one of the muscles of the internal organs, blood vessels, hair follicles, etc. Contractile elements are elongated, usually spindle-shaped cells with centrally located nuclei. Smooth muscle fibers are bound together into sheets or bundles by reticular fibers and frequently elastic nets are also abundant. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
Large, multinucleate single cells, either cylindrical or prismatic in shape, that form the basic unit of SKELETAL MUSCLE. They consist of MYOFIBRILS enclosed within and attached to the SARCOLEMMA. They are derived from the fusion of skeletal myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, SKELETAL) into a syncytium, followed by differentiation.
The nonstriated involuntary muscle tissue of blood vessels.
Injuries to the lower jaw bone.
The dioptric adjustment of the EYE (to attain maximal sharpness of retinal imagery for an object of regard) referring to the ability, to the mechanism, or to the process. Ocular accommodation is the effecting of refractive changes by changes in the shape of the CRYSTALLINE LENS. Loosely, it refers to ocular adjustments for VISION, OCULAR at various distances. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
The top layer of the back muscles whose function is to move the SCAPULA. This group of muscles consists of the trapezius, latissimus dorsi, rhomboid major, rhomboid minor and levator scapulae.
The neck muscles consist of the platysma, splenius cervicis, sternocleidomastoid(eus), longus colli, the anterior, medius, and posterior scalenes, digastric(us), stylohyoid(eus), mylohyoid(eus), geniohyoid(eus), sternohyoid(eus), omohyoid(eus), sternothyroid(eus), and thyrohyoid(eus).
Part of the body in humans and primates where the arms connect to the trunk. The shoulder has five joints; ACROMIOCLAVICULAR joint, CORACOCLAVICULAR joint, GLENOHUMERAL joint, scapulathoracic joint, and STERNOCLAVICULAR joint.
The 11th cranial nerve which originates from NEURONS in the MEDULLA and in the CERVICAL SPINAL CORD. It has a cranial root, which joins the VAGUS NERVE (10th cranial) and sends motor fibers to the muscles of the LARYNX, and a spinal root, which sends motor fibers to the TRAPEZIUS and the sternocleidomastoid muscles.
Traumatic injuries to the ACCESSORY NERVE. Damage to the nerve may produce weakness in head rotation and shoulder elevation.
Four or five slender jointed digits in humans and primates, attached to each HAND.
Elongated, spindle-shaped, quiescent myoblasts lying in close contact with adult skeletal muscle. They are thought to play a role in muscle repair and regeneration.
A paired box transcription factor that is involved in EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM and SKELETAL MUSCLE.
A family of conserved cell surface receptors that contain EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR repeats in their extracellular domain and ANKYRIN repeats in their cytoplasmic domains. The cytoplasmic domain of notch receptors is released upon ligand binding and translocates to the CELL NUCLEUS where it acts as transcription factor.
Relatively undifferentiated cells that retain the ability to divide and proliferate throughout postnatal life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized cells.
Developmental events leading to the formation of adult muscular system, which includes differentiation of the various types of muscle cell precursors, migration of myoblasts, activation of myogenesis and development of muscle anchorage.
Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.
Structurally related forms of an enzyme. Each isoenzyme has the same mechanism and classification, but differs in its chemical, physical, or immunological characteristics.
An serine-threonine protein kinase that requires the presence of physiological concentrations of CALCIUM and membrane PHOSPHOLIPIDS. The additional presence of DIACYLGLYCEROLS markedly increases its sensitivity to both calcium and phospholipids. The sensitivity of the enzyme can also be increased by PHORBOL ESTERS and it is believed that protein kinase C is the receptor protein of tumor-promoting phorbol esters.
A type of chromosome aberration characterized by CHROMOSOME BREAKAGE and transfer of the broken-off portion to another location, often to a different chromosome.
A protein kinase C subtype that was originally characterized as a CALCIUM-independent, serine-threonine kinase that is activated by PHORBOL ESTERS and DIACYLGLYCEROLS. It is targeted to specific cellular compartments in response to extracellular signals that activate G-PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORS; TYROSINE KINASE RECEPTORS; and intracellular protein tyrosine kinase.
A ubiquitously expressed protein kinase that is involved in a variety of cellular SIGNAL PATHWAYS. Its activity is regulated by a variety of signaling protein tyrosine kinase.
A cytoplasmic serine threonine kinase involved in regulating CELL DIFFERENTIATION and CELLULAR PROLIFERATION. Overexpression of this enzyme has been shown to promote PHOSPHORYLATION of BCL-2 PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEINS and chemoresistance in human acute leukemia cells.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
Arteries arising from the external carotid or the maxillary artery and distributing to the temporal region.
A nonspecific term used to describe transient alterations or loss of consciousness following closed head injuries. The duration of UNCONSCIOUSNESS generally lasts a few seconds, but may persist for several hours. Concussions may be classified as mild, intermediate, and severe. Prolonged periods of unconsciousness (often defined as greater than 6 hours in duration) may be referred to as post-traumatic coma (COMA, POST-HEAD INJURY). (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p418)
Acquired and inherited conditions that feature DYSTONIA as a primary manifestation of disease. These disorders are generally divided into generalized dystonias (e.g., dystonia musculorum deformans) and focal dystonias (e.g., writer's cramp). They are also classified by patterns of inheritance and by age of onset.
A condition characterized by focal DYSTONIA that progresses to involuntary spasmodic contractions of the muscles of the legs, trunk, arms, and face. The hands are often spared, however, sustained axial and limb contractions may lead to a state where the body is grossly contorted. Onset is usually in the first or second decade. Familial patterns of inheritance, primarily autosomal dominant with incomplete penetrance, have been identified. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1078)
A systemic autoimmune disorder that typically affects medium and large ARTERIES, usually leading to occlusive granulomatous vasculitis with transmural infiltrate containing multinucleated GIANT CELLS. The TEMPORAL ARTERY is commonly involved. This disorder appears primarily in people over the age of 50. Symptoms include FEVER; FATIGUE; HEADACHE; visual impairment; pain in the jaw and tongue; and aggravation of pain by cold temperatures. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed)
Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.
Traumatic injuries to the cranium where the integrity of the skull is not compromised and no bone fragments or other objects penetrate the skull and dura mater. This frequently results in mechanical injury being transmitted to intracranial structures which may produce traumatic brain injuries, hemorrhage, or cranial nerve injury. (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p417)

Regional differences in fibre type composition in the human temporalis muscle. (1/103)

Anatomical and electromyographic studies point to regional differences in function in the human temporalis muscle. During chewing and biting the anterior portions of the muscle are in general more intensively activated and they are capable of producing larger forces than the posterior portions. It was hypothetised that this heterogeneity in function is reflected in the fibre type composition of the muscle. The composition and surface area of different fibre types in various anteroposterior portions of the temporalis muscle were investigated in 7 cadavers employing immunohistochemistry with a panel of monoclonal antibodies against different isoforms of myosin heavy chain. Pure slow muscle fibres, type I, differed strongly in number across the muscle. In the most posterior portion of the muscle there were 24% type I fibres, in the intermediate portion 57%, and in the most anterior portion 46%. The mean fibre cross-sectional area (m-fcsa) of type I fibres was 1849 microm2, which did not differ significantly across the muscle. The proportion of pure fast muscle fibres, type IIA and IIX, remained more or less constant throughout the muscle at 13% and 11% respectively; their m-fcsa was 1309 microm2 and 1206 microm2, respectively, which did not differ significantly throughout the muscle. Pure type IIB fibres were not found. The relative proportion of hybrid fibres was 31% and did not differ significantly among the muscle portions. Fibre types I + IIA and cardiac alpha + I + IIA were the most abundant hybrid fibre types. In addition, 5% of the type I fibres had an additional myosin isoform which has only recently been described by means of electrophoresis and was named Ia. In the present study they were denoted as hybrid type I + Ia muscle fibres. It is concluded that intramuscular differences in type I fibre distribution are in accordance with regional differences in muscle function.  (+info)

Neuroimaging of a wooden foreign body retained for 5 months in the temporalis muscle following penetrating trauma with a chopstick--case report. (2/103)

A 48-year-old female was stabbed by her husband with a chopstick made of wood in the left temporal region during a quarrel. She suffered laceration of the left temporal scalp. At initial examination, she concealed the assault with a chopstick. Radiography showed no abnormality, so the wound was sutured. One month after the injury, a painless subcutaneous mass appeared in the left temporal region which grew rapidly for 3 months. She was then admitted to our department. Computed tomography (CT) on admission showed a hyperdense area at the center of the mass. This area was hypointense on both T1- and T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images. Temporalis muscle tumor with accompanying central necrosis, old hematoma, and inflammatory granuloma was considered. The mass was totally resected for cosmetic purposes and was found to be wooden foreign body granuloma. High density on CT and hypointensity on both T1- and T2-weighted MR images are characteristic of a chronically retained wooden foreign body in the living body and are useful for detecting wooden foreign bodies in the chronic granulomatous phase.  (+info)

Elevated abeta42 in skeletal muscle of Alzheimer disease patients suggests peripheral alterations of AbetaPP metabolism. (3/103)

The levels of amyloid-beta40 (Abeta40) and Abeta42 peptides were quantified in temporalis muscles and brain of neuropathologically diagnosed Alzheimer disease (AD) and of nondemented individuals. This was achieved by using a novel analytical approach consisting of a combination of fast-performance liquid chromatographic (FPLC) size exclusion chromatography developed under denaturing conditions and europium immunoassay on the 4.0- to 4.5-kd fractions. In the temporalis muscles of the AD and nondemented control groups, the average values for Abeta42 were 15.7 ng/g and 10.2 ng/g (P = 0.010), and for Abeta40 they were 37.8 ng/g and 29.8 ng/g (P = 0.067), respectively. Multiple regression analyses of the AD and control combined populations indicated that 1) muscle Abeta40 and muscle Abeta42 levels were correlated with each other (P < 0.001), 2) muscle Abeta40 levels were positively correlated with age (P = 0. 036), and 3) muscle Abeta42 levels were positively correlated with Braak stage (P = 0.042). Other forms of the Abeta peptide were discovered by mass spectrometry, revealing the presence of Abeta starting at residues 1, 6, 7, 9, 10, and 11 and ending at residues 40, 42, 44, 45, and 46. It is possible that in AD the skeletal muscle may contribute to the elevated plasma pool of Abeta and thus indirectly to the amyloid deposits of the brain parenchyma and cerebral blood vessels. The increased levels of Abeta in the temporalis muscles of AD patients suggest that alterations in AbetaPP and Abeta metabolism may be manifested in peripheral tissues.  (+info)

EMG activities of two heads of the human lateral pterygoid muscle in relation to mandibular condyle movement and biting force. (4/103)

Electromyographic (EMG) activities of the superior (SUP) and inferior heads (INF) of the lateral pterygoid muscle (LPT) were recorded in humans during voluntary stepwise changes in biting force and jaw position that were adopted to exclude the effects of acceleration and velocity of jaw movements on the muscle activity. The SUP behaved like a jaw-closing muscle and showed characteristic activity in relation to the biting force. It showed a considerable amount of background activity (5-32% of the maximum) even in the intercuspal position without teeth clenching and reached a nearly maximum activity at relatively lower biting-force levels than the jaw-closing muscles during increment of the biting force. Stretch reflexes were found in the SUP, the function of which could be to stabilize the condyle against the biting force that pulls the condyle posteriorly. This notion was verified by examining the biomechanics on the temporomandibular joint. The complex movements of the mandibular condyle in a sagittal plane were decomposed into displacement in the anteroposterior direction (Ac) and angle of rotation (RAc) around a kinesiological specific point on the condyle. In relation to Ac, each head of the LPT showed quite a similar behavior to each other in all types of jaw movements across all subjects. Working ranges of the muscle activities were almost constant (Ac <3 mm for the SUP and Ac >3 mm for the INF). The amount of EMG activity of the SUP changed in inverse proportion to Ac showing a hyperbola-like relation, whereas that of the INF changed rather linearly. The EMG amplitude of the SUP showed a quasilinear inverse relation with RAc in the hinge movement during which the condyle rotated with no movement in the anteroposterior direction. This finding suggests that the SUP controls the angular relationship between the articular disk and the condyle. On the other hand, the position of the disk in relation to the maxilla, not to the condyle, is controlled indirectly by the INF because the disk is attached to the condyle by tendinous ligaments.  (+info)

Positional relationships between the masticatory muscles and their innervating nerves with special reference to the lateral pterygoid and the midmedial and discotemporal muscle bundles of temporalis. (5/103)

For an accurate assessment of jaw movement, it is crucial to understand the comprehensive formation of the masticatory muscles with special reference to the relationship to the disc of the temporomandibular joint. Detailed dissection was performed on 26 head halves of 14 Japanese cadavers in order to obtain precise anatomical information of the positional relationships between the masticatory muscles and the branches of the mandibular nerve. After complete removal of the bony elements, the midmedial muscle bundle in all specimens and the discotemporal muscle bundle in 6 specimens, derivatives of the temporalis, which insert into the disc were observed. On the anterior area of the articular capsule and the disc of the temporomandibular joint, the upper head of the lateral pterygoid, the midmedial muscle bundle of temporalis and the discotemporal bundle of temporalis were attached mediolaterally, and in 3 specimens the posterosuperior margin of the zygomaticomandibularis was attached to the anterolateral area of the disc. It is suggested that these muscles and muscle bundles contribute to various mandibular movements. Although various patterns of the positional relationships between the muscles and muscle bundles and the their innervating nerves are observed in the present study, relative positional relationships of the muscles and muscle bundles and of nerves of the mandibular nerve are consistent. A possible scheme of the developmental formation of the masticatory muscles based on the findings of the positional relationships between the muscles and the nerves is presented.  (+info)

Influence on myoelectric discharges of anteroposterior displacement of the mandibular position near the tapping point. (6/103)

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence that the anteroposterior mandibular displacement near the tapping point exerts on the myoelectric activity of masseter and temporal muscles at a specific occluding force and to clarify the possibility of judging the mandibular position by measuring the amount of myoelectric discharge. Eight dentulous subjects were selected for the study. Surface electrodes were placed over the anterior, middle and posterior regions of the masseter muscle and over the anterior, middle and posterior bundles of the temporal muscle. Independently of the measurement region, the changes in the masseter and temporal muscle myoelectric activity which accompanied the anteroposterior mandibular displacement, were low. Moreover, when the mandible was displaced anteroposteriorly, the total amount of the myoelectrical discharge from all the recorded places, as well as the amounts of myoelectrical discharge over the middle part of the masseter muscle and the anterior bundle of the temporal muscle reached their lowest values in those mandibular positions which included the tapping point in less than half of the subjects. Therefore, this study indicates that the possibility of judging anteroposterior mandibular displacement by masseter and temporal muscle electromyography is quite low.  (+info)

Excitability of the human trigeminal motoneuronal pool and interactions with other brainstem reflex pathways. (7/103)

We studied the properties of motoneurones and Ia-motoneuronal connections in the human trigeminal system, and their functional interactions with other brainstem reflex pathways mediated by non-muscular (Abeta) afferents. With surface EMG recordings we tested the recovery cycles of the heteronymous H-reflex in the temporalis muscle and the homonymous silent period in the masseter muscle both elicited by stimulation of the masseteric nerve at the infratemporal fossa in nine healthy subjects. In four subjects single motor-unit responses were recorded from the temporalis muscle. In six subjects we also tested the effect of the stimulus to the mental nerve on the temporalis H-reflex and, conversely, the effect of Ia input (stimulus to the masseteric nerve) on the R1 component of the blink reflex in the orbicularis oculi muscle. The recovery cycle of the H-reflex showed a suppression peaking at the 5-20 ms interval; conversely the time course of the masseteric silent period was facilitated at comparable intervals. The inhibition of the test H-reflex was inversely related to the level of background voluntary contraction. Single motor units were unable to fire consistently in response to the test stimulus at intervals shorter than 50 ms. Mental nerve stimulation strongly depressed the H-reflex. The time course of this inhibition coincided with the EMG inhibition elicited by mental nerve stimulation during voluntary contraction. The trigeminal Ia input facilitated the R1 component of the blink reflex when the supraorbital test stimulation preceded the masseteric conditioning stimulation by 2 ms. We conclude that the time course of the recovery cycle of the heteronymous H-reflex in the temporalis muscle reflects the after-hyperpolarization potential (AHP) of trigeminal motoneurones, and that the Ia trigeminal input is integrated with other brainstem reflexes.  (+info)

The course of the buccal nerve: relationships with the temporalis muscle during the prenatal period. (8/103)

The aim of this study was to describe the course of the buccal nerve and its relationships with the temporalis muscle during the prenatal period. Serial sections of 90 human fetal specimens ranging from 9 to 17 wk development were studied by light microscopy. Each fetal specimen was studied on both right and left sides, making a total of 180 cases for study. A 3-D reconstruction of the region analysed in one of the specimens was made. In 89 cases the buccal nerve was located medial to the temporalis muscle; in 73 cases it penetrated the muscle; in 15 cases it lay in a canal formed by the muscle fibres and was covered by fascia, and finally, in 3 cases it was a branch of the inferior alveolar nerve. The study has revealed that in a large number of cases the buccal nerve maintains an intimate association with the temporalis muscle.  (+info)

NILTON, Alves e FUSARI BENTO DE LIMA, Fernando. DETERMINATION OF THE LENGTH AND PENETRATION OF THE DEEP TEMPORAL NERVES IN THE TEMPORAL MUSCLE. Rev. chil. anat. [online]. 2002, vol.20, n.3, pp.281-284. ISSN 0716-9868. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-98682002000300008.. The aim of this study is to determinate the length and the penetration point of the deep temporal nerves, in the temporal muscles. Twenty hemiheads were used, fastened in formaldehyde, of adult individuals of both sexes and of different ethnic groups. Initially, it was made the dissection of the pieces by an endocranian access, once located the nerves, we passed to the measurement of the same ones, using as reference the oval foramen and the penetration point of the nerve in the muscle. For the determination of the penetration point it was used two pre-certain lines that delimited the area of penetration of the deep temporal nerves in the temporal muscle. The first, is a line that tangency the zigomatic arch, and the second, is a ...
Looking for masseteric nerve? Find out information about masseteric nerve. see nervous system nervous system, network of specialized tissue that controls actions and reactions of the body and its adjustment to the environment.... Explanation of masseteric nerve
Background: miR-126-5p plays an important role in promoting endothelial cell (EC) proliferation. We thus explored whether miR-126-5p can promote EC proliferation and angiogenesis in chronically ischemic brains (CIBs).Results: Improved revascularization in moyamoya patients was correlated with upregulated miR-126-5p expression in the TM and DM. In vitro experiments showed that miR-126-5p promoted EC proliferation through the PI3K/Akt pathway. CIBs from the agomir group exhibited significantly higher p-Akt, VEGF, CD31 and eNOS expression compared with the control CIBs. The ICBP and the RCF were significantly better in the agomir compared with the control group.Conclusion: Increasing miR-126-5p expression in the TM can promote EC proliferation and angiogenesis in CIBs of 2VO+EMS rats through the PI3K/Akt pathway.Methods: We assessed the correlation between revascularization and miR-126-5p expression in the temporal muscle (TM) and dura mater (DM) of moyamoya patients. The effect of miR-126-5p on EC
Aim: To investigate the electromyographic activity of masticatory muscles in women with myogenic or mixed TMD treated with ultrasound and ultrasound associated with stretching. Methods: Sixteen women with myogenic or mixed TMD, according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorder (RDC/TMD), participated in the study. The patients were evaluated using surface electromyography (sEMG) of the masseter and anterior temporalis muscles, during maximum intercuspation, before and immediately after application of therapeutic resources. All patients were treated by ultrasound (US), ultrasound associated with stretching and placebo ultrasound, by turns, once a week with a one-week minimum interval between them. Results: There was greater symmetry of the masseter muscle electrical activity after ultrasound associated with stretching (p=0.03). The electromyographic values for the maximum intercuspation as well as the symmetry of anterior temporal muscle (p=0.47, p=0.84, p=0.84) and ...
Study Innervation of the Temporalis Muscle flashcards from Kelsey Thomas's Palmer College of Chiropractic-Davenport class online, or in Brainscape's iPhone or Android app. ✓ Learn faster with spaced repetition.
This report is the first clinical description of the endoscopic extradural supraorbital approach to the temporal pole. Temporal pole exposure by craniotomy needs wide elevation of the temporal muscle and broad removal of the lateral bone of the middle cranial fossa, resulting in temporal muscle atrophy, disturbed mastication, and poor cosmetic results. Furthermore, the lateral trajectory from the frontotemporal craniotomy does not satisfactorily expose the temporal pole. In contrast, our previous anatomical studies regarding the endoscopic extradural supraorbital approach demonstrated excellent visualization of the middle cranial fossa and temporal pole through the supraorbital keyhole, and the approach eliminated temporal muscle elevation and craniotomy.15,18,19 Therefore, mastication discomfort was avoided even with temporal pole surgery. The trajectory from the anterior direction was optimal to visualize the temporal pole, and it minimized the corticotomy on the temporal pole. A dural ...
Facial reanimation with gracilis muscle transfer neurotized to cross-facial nerve graft versus masseteric nerve: A comparative study using the FACIAL CLIMA Evaluating System . Facial reanimation with gracilis muscle transfer neurotized to cross-facial nerve graft versus masseteric nerve: A comparative study using the FACIAL CLIMA Evaluating System
Objective: Chewing includes the rhythmic movement of the jaw muscles. In this study, we investigated volumetric changes in the masticatory muscles and morphometric changes in the mandibular condyle due to unilateral extraction of the teeth in the sixth and twelfth weeks of life. Materials and Methods: Eighteen rats were used. The rats were divided into three groups. In the experimental groups (Groups I and II), all of the teeth on one side of the upper and lower jaws of the rats were extracted. In the control group all the teeth were intact. Volumetric changes of the masseter and temporal muscles were evaluated. In addition, morphometric changes of the mandibular condyle were investigated. Results: The measurements performed six weeks after tooth extraction did not reveal any difference in the temporal muscles between the two sides, however the volume of the masseter muscle on the side of the extraction was significantly reduced (Group I). Twelve weeks after the tooth extraction, the volumes of ...
People dont generally think of a dentist as the healthcare professional to see for recurring headaches or migraines; yet dentists can play a role in diagnosing and even treating your condition. Thats because quite often, recurring pain that is felt in the area of the temples on the sides of the head is actually caused by unconscious habits of clenching and/or grinding the teeth. These habits, which often manifest during sleep, put tremendous pressure on the muscles that work your jaw joint, also called the temporomandibular joint (TMJ).. The fan-shaped temporalis muscles located over your temples on either side of your head are two of several muscles involved in jaw movement. You can easily feel them working if you put your fingertips on your temples while clenching and unclenching your jaw. When temporalis muscles go into spasm from too much clenching, headache symptoms may result. This is not to say that headaches and migraines are always caused by TMJ problems, also known as ...
The present invention generally relates to computer-assisted joint replacement surgery, and corresponding navigation systems. The systems and methods presented find particular use in performing hip replacement surgery. For example, in one embodiment, there is provided a system and method for: (a) measuring a pre-dislocation positional relationship between a patients pelvis and the patients femur; (b) performing a post-dislocation femoral registration of the femur; (c) tracking the position of the femur relative to the pelvis during a reduction procedure; (d) calculating a change in leg length and a change in offset, after the reduction procedure, based on the femoral registration and the pre-dislocation positional relationship between the pelvis and the femur; and (e) conveying the change in leg length and the change in offset.
Carnivores have a wide mouth opening in relation to their head size. This confers obvious advantages in developing the forces used in seizing, killing and dismembering prey. Facial musculature is reduced since these muscles would hinder a wide gape, and play no part in the animals preparation of food for swallowing. In all mammalian carnivores, the jaw joint is a simple hinge joint lying in the same plane as the teeth. This type of joint is extremely stable and acts as the pivot point for the lever arms formed by the upper and lower jaws. The primary muscle used for operating the jaw in carnivores is the temporalis muscle. This muscle is so massive in carnivores that it accounts for most of the bulk of the sides of the head (when you pet a dog, you are petting its temporalis muscles). The angle of the mandible (lower jaw) in carnivores is small. This is because the muscles (masseter and pterygoids) that attach there are of minor importance in these animals. The lower jaw of carnivores ...
Definition of Pars petrosa ossis temporalis with photos and pictures, translations, sample usage, and additional links for more information.
The present study developed the system for integrating morphological coordinates obtained with dental computer tomography and jaw movement coordinates acquired with a mandibular movement measuring device in order to enable multipoint analysis of anatomical condylar movements to be performed. The incisal paths as well as masseter and anterior temporal muscle activity were simultaneously recorded in orthodontic patients to elucidate the adaptation of TMJ after orthodontic treatment. The results suggested that adaptive bone remodeling of the TMJ might occur due to the correction of occlusion and craniofacial morphology in patients with mandibular protrusion and maxillary protrusion. Main occluding area in patients with mandibular protrusion was located in the upper first molar and the lower second molar. Spee curvature related to the posterior slope of articular eminence in the patients with maxillary protrusion. ...
When I undertake the dissection of a human cadaver I pass a stout rope tied like a noose beneath the lower jaw and through the two zygomas up to the top of the head, either more toward the forehead or more toward the occiput according as I want the cadaver to hang with its head up or down. The longer end of the noose I run through a pulley fixed to a beam in the room so that I may raise or lower the cadaver as it hangs there or may turn it round in any direction to suit my purpose; and should I so wish I can allow it to recline at an angle upon a table, since a table can easily be placed underneath the pulley. This is how the cadaver was suspended for drawing all the muscle tables... though while that one was being drawn the rope was passed around the occiput so as to show the muscles in the neck. If the lower jaw has been removed in the course of dissection, or the zygomas have been broken, the hollows for the temporal muscles will nonetheless hold the noose sufficiently firmly. You must take ...
The peritoneum is developed in the arms briskly downward. What do you identify your sexual orientation. This must be stored in teeth and purse their lips. Active infection in the sacral foramen alongside a free testosterone can be solitary or multiple. However, in the sublay repair, with the siemens lithostar, dorni er hm, wolf piezo lith , : Singh m, chapman r, tresidder gc, blandy j: The long - term results of a spermatozoa count million ml ~. Azfc deletions are most prominent precordial impulse may occur in delir - jealous ium, severe mood disorders, and erotomanicthe belief than another procedure. Several of these patients. Follow up of sickle cell anaemia is present. The incidence is relatively high diag - sectional anatomy of the detrusor pressure in males age or years, the temporal muscles, externally during clenching and relaxation is fol - lowed by more than. Therefore, professional communication skills one hour after delivery, but neural dysfunction may result in renal masses are ...
The word templar as used in anatomy has a separate etymology from the word temple, meaning place of worship. Both come from Latin, but the word for the place of worship comes from templum, whereas the word for the part of the head comes from Vulgar Latin *tempula, modified from tempora, plural form (both temples) of tempus, a word that meant both time and the part of the head. Due to the common source with the word for time, the adjective for both is temporal (both pertaining to time and pertaining to the anatomical temple). Regarding the temporalis muscle: in English, this muscles name is the time muscle. As above, the word temporalis comes from the Latin word tempus meaning time. The muscle covers the temporal bone, or time bone, which received its name because the hair of the head covering this bone is often the first hair to turn gray during the aging process. Therefore, this region is the first to show the effects of aging.[2]. ...
In English, this muscles name is the time muscle. The word temporalis comes from the Latin word tempus meaning time. The muscle covers the temporal bone, or time bone, which received its name because the hair of the head covering this bone is often the first hair to turn gray during the aging process. Therefore, this region is the first to show the ravages of time ...
1) Identify muscle physiology and its phases of metabolism as it relates to the practice of physical therapy; 2) Describe the importance of the neuron-muscular junction and its overall nerve-muscle relationship during exercise; 3) Identify and describe methods of performance and underlying principles of various exercises: passive, active assistive, and active forms; isometric, isotonic, isokinetic; positional relationships related to exercise; strength & endurance exercise; and developmental forms of exercise; 4) Discriminate the anaerobic and aerobic response to exercise; 5) Recognize and identify the various physiologic changes associated with inactivity; 6) Explain fundamental mechanisms by which the body responds to demands of physical exercise; 7) Perform various exercise formats on peers in a safe and competent manner; 8) Develop a safe and goal specific exercise program as a group project; 9) Apply precautions and concerns in various medically related pathological conditions when ...
In a measuring technique used to restore a tooth with an employment of an implant structure, it is desirable to precisely determine the direction and position of bonding points in which a prosthesis is attached to the implant structure at the time of curing the tooth by of the implant structure. Upon precisely measuring the direction and position of bonding points in which a prosthesis is attached to the implant structure, measurement points are provided with the bonding points, and are taken a picture by a camera. In the picture thus taken, shape and position of the measurement points are measured by an image processor device by way of illustration so as to measure the positional relationship of the bonding points of the implant structure which is embedded in a human jaw.
Besides the patients history, symptoms and physical examination, imaging procederes are yet another mainstay of the diagnostic management in chronic inflammatory sinus disease, particularly if surgery is intended. Imaging techniques provide information about the positional relationships between the paranasal sinuses and the surrounding structures, i.e the eyes and anterior skull base, which are mandatory for planning surgery and the patients safety.. There are basically two imaging techniques , which are eligible to address this problem. Since the 80s of the last century, computed tomography was the only available procedure with radition exposure being a major drawback. Over the last years Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) has evolved as a new technique which combines excellent image quality with significant lower radiation exposure.. In our clinic we operate a CBCT of the youngest generation to supply our patients with currently the most updated technology available.. ...
An illumination optical system includes a light source section for emitting a beam of substantially parallel rays, a field lens for collecting the beam of substantially parallel rays, a condenser lens for introducing the beam of rays collected by the field lens onto an illumination target surface, and an aperture stop disposed at an entrance-side focal position of the condenser lens. The aperture stop and the light source are in conjugate positional relationship via the collector lens and the field lens. An optical element having different characteristics between the central region and the outer region is arranged in a path of the substantially parallel rays at a position satisfying the condition: 0.03||L/f CD||0.4 where FCD is a focal length of the condenser lens and L is a distance from the illumination target surface to a position that is, of positions on which the optical element is projected, closest to the illumination target surface.
Genomic position of lncRNAs may offer clues to their function. The positional relationship of the lncRNAs (thin arrows) compared to the transcript they regulate
A biomagnetism measuring method and apparatus for determining a positional relationship of an examinee with fluxmeters in a short time. A current supply unit simultaneously supplies alternating currents of different frequencies to a plurality of oscillator coils attached to the examinee, respectively. The fluxmeters detect magnetic fields simultaneously formed by the oscillator coils supplied with the currents. Field data thereby obtained are applied through a data collecting unit to a field analyzer for frequency analysis to recognize field strengths due to the respective oscillator coils for the respective fluxmeters. The field analyzer computes positions of the oscillator coils relative to the fluxmeters from the field strengths recognized for the respective oscillator coils and known values of the currents supplied to the respective oscillator coils. Based on this positional information, information indicative of positions of bioelectric current sources measured in a separate process is displayed as
An arrangement for determining the relative three dimensional positional relationship, including the horizontal separation, location, and orientation between a plurality of underwater transponders. A
An integrated database of animal miRNA targets according to combinations of six target predition programs (i.e., Diana-microT, miRanda [microrna.org], miRanda [miRBase], Pictar [4-way], Pictar [5-way] and TargetScan) and positional relationships between animal miRNAs and genomic annotation sets. ...
A dental oral appliance for use with patients who suffer with sleep disorders, to reduce or eliminate snoring and to open the airway for a sleeping individual who suffers with obstructive sleep apnea. The appliance covers the inside (lingual) of the upper teeth and has an open palate. Retention for the appliance is provided by either clasps placed over the upper right and left molars and a retainer in the anterior area or by an occlusal coverge of the upper teeth. A raised incisor ramp that extends from the incisal tip (biting edge) of the incisors toward the lingual, or posterior raised ramps, separate the posterior teeth to reduce spasm on the temporalis muscle. A transverse, transpalatal ramp, which extends from the inside (lingual) of the upper right molars to the inside of the upper left molars, covers the tongue and holds it down, opening the airway.
The buccal nerve provides feeling to your cheeks. Learn more about this important nerve and why your dentist might need to numb it during treatment.
The buccal nerve provides feeling to your cheeks. Learn more about this important nerve and why your dentist might need to numb it during treatment.
After two root canals, I developed muscle spasms that eventually resolve with a couple of weeks of soft diet and Flexeril. However, I noticed that my temples have shrunken in (atrophy) as I had a full...
TOKYO--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (TOKYO:4519) heeft bekendgemaakt dat de Amerikaanse Food and Drug Administration (FDA) het m
The buccal nerve (long buccal nerve) is a nerve in the face. It is a branch of the mandibular nerve (which is itself a branch of the trigeminal nerve) and transmits sensory information from skin over the buccal membrane (in general, the cheek) and from the second and third molar teeth. Not to be confused with the buccal branch of the facial nerve which transmits motor information to the buccinator muscle. It courses between the two heads of the lateral pterygoid muscle, underneath the tendon of the temporalis muscle, and then under the masseter muscle to connect with the buccal branches of the facial nerve on the surface of the buccinator muscle. Small branches of the buccal nerve innervate the lateral pterygoid muscle. It also gives sensory branches to the cheek. The facial nerve (CN VII) also has buccal branches, which carry motor innervation to the buccinator muscle, a muscle of facial expression. This follows from the trigeminal (V3) supplying all muscles of mastication and the facial (VII) ...
Anterior division. The V3 divides into the anterior smaller and the posterior larger divisions in the infratemporal fossa. The average distance of the undivided trunk from the foramen ovale to the bifurcation of the V3 was approximately 7.7 mm (range, 5-12 mm) (Vrionis et al., 1996). The smaller anterior division gives rise to the sensory buccal nerve and the motor branches: masseteric nerve, deep temporal nerves, and nerve to the lateral pterygoid muscle. This division passes in the horizontal plane just below the pericranium of the infratemporal surface of the middle cranial fossa (Fig. 10A).. Buccal nerve. The sensory buccal nerve passes anterolaterally between the two heads of the lateral pterygoid, below the inferior portion of the temporal muscle, and deep to the mandible and the masseter muscle (Figs. 10A, 10B, and 11A). Its course is directed between the coronoid process and tuberosity of the maxilla. It emerges from the undersurface of the ramus of the mandible and the anterior border ...
The patient suffered from a congenital lower motor neuron type of paralysis. To correct this condition, a strip of fascia lata from the vastus lateralis was first harvested. The next step of the surgery was performed through a combined preauricular and intraoral approach. The insertion of temporalis into the coronoid process was released at the infratemporal area.. The zygomatic arch was carefully cut and pushed down to free the temporalis muscle. Care was taken to preserve all the vital structures such as the parotid duct and gland in this area. This action was carried out without disturbing the deep temporal artery and nerve. Then through careful manipulation, the lower end of temporalis was identified to which an end of the fascia lata was attached. Through a nasolabial incision, the modiolus was identified. The free end of fascia lata was split into three parts - the lower part was connected to muscles of the lower lip, the middle part to the modiolus and the upper part to the upper ...
The main complaint may include orofacial pain, joint noises, restricted mouth opening or a combination of these. It is helpful to evaluate pain in terms of onset, nature, intensity, site, duration and aggravating and relieving factors. Also consider how the pain relates to features such as joint noise and restricted mandibular movement. Determine which movements cause pain, including opening or closing of mouth, eating, yawning, biting, chewing, swallowing, speaking, or shouting. The patient may also present with headaches and cervical pain. Pain may also be present in the distribution of one of the three branches of the trigeminal nerve (CN V). Pain is generally located with the masseter muscle, preauricular area, and anterior temporalis muscle regions. The pain is usually an ache, pressure, or a dull pain which may include a background burning sensation. There may also be episodes of sharp pain and throbbing pain. This pain can be intensified by stress, clenching and eating. Pain may be ...
One of the most painful headache types is the TMJ Migraine Headache. These migraines may cause Auras that are a sense of an impending migraine coming, affect vision, cause nausea, photosensitivity and severe pain. TMJ headaches and migraines are often related to a malocclusion (a bad or imbalanced bite) and TMJ treatments can effectively prevent TMJ migraine headaches from occurring. Common migraines are now understood to be the result of an increase in blood pressure or volume within the lining of the brain called the Dura Mater.. TMJ (Temporo Mandibular Joint) Tension headaches and migraines can also be the direct result of muscle knots in the temple area on the side of your head. This muscle, the Temporalis muscle, can become tired and often cramps up while helping close the lower teeth to meet the upper teeth. Over-exertion of the Temporalis muscle is a direct result of a malocclusion, or in laymans terms a bad or imbalanced bite.. ...
Several anatomical structures in this area of the head have all or part of the word temporal in their names. The temporal line, the temporal bone, the temporal fossa (which is the shallow depression on the side of the cranium), the temporalis muscle (a muscle that rests in the temporal fossa), the temporal lobe of the brain (which is the part of the brain that lies on the sides of the head), and several temporal arteries and veins (blood vessels that run through this area). The only of these that we can observe directly on the surface, though, are the temporal line and the temporalis muscle (which we can sometimes see moving when an individual is chewing ...
The temporal bone is located at the lower sides of the skull and directly underneath the temple. It consists of four separate pieces: the tympanic part, petrous portion, mastoid portion, and the squama temporalis. The squama temporalis is so thin that it is translucent. Scaly in appearance, the temporalis muscles
232 MORPHOLOGY AND EVOLUTION (4) Articular arteries to the temporo-inaxillary joint. (5) Buccal artery (B.A.), which accompanies the long buccal nerve into the face. (6) Posterior superior dental artery (P.S.D.) to the gums round the molar teeth. (7) Small vessels to the suctorial pad of fat (S.P.F.). (8; Two deep temporal arteries (D.T.A.), which divide and anastomose within the temporal muscle. C. In the Pterygo-maxillary region: (1) Infra-orbital artery, which passes to the face. It supplies the incisor and canine teeth and the skin and muscles of the upper lip. (2) Descending palatine artery to the soft palate, gums and mucous membrane of the mouth. (3; Ptenjgo-palatine and spheno-palatine arteries to the pharynx, nose, Eustachian tube, sphenoidal sinus and ethraoidal air cells. The occipital artery arises from the beginning of the external carotid artery and runs upwards and backwards under the cleido-mastoid and splenius capitis to end among the muscles of the neck. It gives off the ...
Bark of Galipea Cusparia. Rheumatic and paralytic complaints-great difficulty in walking. Crackling in all joints.. The greatest craving for coffee is a characteristic symptom. Caries of long bones. Paralysis. Tetanus. Stiffness of muscles and joints. Oversensitive.. Principal action on spinal motor nerves and mucous membranes.. Head.--Oversensitive. Headache, with heat of face. Acute pain in cheeks. Drawing in facial muscles. Pain in temporal muscles, when opening the jaws. Pain in articulation of jaw, in masseter muscles, as if fatigued by chewing too much. Cramp-pain on the zygomatic arch.. Stomach.--Bitter taste. Irresistible desire for coffee. Pain from navel into sternum. Atonic dyspepsia. Belching, with cough (Ambra).. Abdomen.--Diarrh a and colic. Tenesmus with soft stool; chronic diarrh a, with debility and loss of flesh. Burning in anus.. Back.--Itching along back. Pain in cervical vertebr . Drawing in the neck. Pain in spine, at nape of neck and sacrum, worse on pressure. Twitching ...
Objectives: We assessed the causes of failure in patients who underwent open cavity mastoidectomy. Patients and Methods: Of sixty-three patients who had undergone open cavity mastoidectomy for chronic otitismedia, 11 patients (7 females, 4 males; mean age 35.2 years; lange 8 to 59 years) required revision mastoidectomy. Membrane repair was accomplished with the use of temporal muscle fascia and tragal cartilage; ossicular reconstruction was performed by the interposition of incus and TORP. rhe mean follow-up was 13.1 months (range 6 months to 2 years). Results: The involved ear was the right in seven and the Ieft in four patients. None of the patients, but one with nasal allergy had any immune or systemic dis- eases. In all patients cavity epithelialization was completed in a mean of 1.6 months (range 1 to 3 months). The indications for revision included residual cholesteatoma in three patients, inadequate meatoplasty and Iowering of the facial ridge in four patients, patent tuba and serous ...
In the body there are two deep temporal arteries . These arteries are called the posterior and anterior deep temporal arteries . The anterior deep temporal artery and its partner are located between the pericranium (a membrane that covers the outer surface of the skull) and the temporal muscles, which
In the body there are two deep temporal arteries . These arteries are called the posterior and anterior deep temporal arteries . The anterior deep temporal artery and its partner are located between the pericranium (a membrane that covers the outer surface of the skull) and the temporal muscles, which
In the body there are two deep temporal arteries . These arteries are called the posterior and anterior deep temporal arteries . The anterior deep temporal artery and its partner are located between the pericranium (a membrane that covers the outer surface of the skull) and the temporal muscles, which
Ultrasonography has been used to determine the association between muscle thickness, temporomandibular dysfuntion (TMD), facial morphology, and bite force. The aim of this study was to evaluate signs and symptoms (SS) of TMD using the craniomandibular index (CMI), masseter and anterior temporalis thickness, facial dimensions, and bite force in adolescents (12-18 years of age): 20 (10 males and 10 females) with SSTMD and 20 without (control, matched for age and gender). Ultrasonography was carried out using Just-Vision 200, and bite force measured with a pressure transducer. The measurements undertaken on the cephalograms included anterior (n-gn, n-Me, sp-gn) and posterior (S-tgo) facial dimensions, jaw inclination (NSL/ML), vertical jaw relationship (NL/ML), gonial angle (ML/RL), and overbite and overjet. The data were analysed with analysis of variance, Pearsons and Spearmans correlation and multiple regression. The SSTMD group showed a smaller bite force than the controls (P , 0.05). In the ...
Prognathism is the positional relationship of the mandible or maxilla to the skeletal base where either of the jaws protrudes beyond a predetermined imaginary line in the coronal plane of the skull. In general dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery and orthodontics, this is assessed clinically or radiographically (cephalometrics). The word prognathism derives from Greek pro (forward) and γνάθος gnáthos (jaw). One or more types of prognathism may result in the common condition of malocclusion, in which an individuals top teeth and lower teeth do not align properly. Prognathism in humans can be due to normal variation among phenotypes. In human populations where prognathism is not the norm, it may be a malformation, the result of injury, a disease state or a hereditary condition. Prognathism is considered a disorder only if it affects mastication, speech or social function as a byproduct of severely affected aesthetics of the face. Clinical determinants include soft tissue analysis ...
Definition of arteria temporalis profunda (anterior et posterior). Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
Groove for sigmoid sinus of temporal bone aka Sulcus sinus sigmoidei ossis temporalis in the latin terminology and part of structures seen on the midsagittal section of the skull. Learn more now!
0005] As a technique for discriminating human faces, there is an image processing method of automatically detecting a specific object pattern from an image. It is possible to use such a method in many fields such as teleconferences, man-machine interfaces, security, monitor systems for tracking human faces, and image compression. As a technique for detecting faces from an image, various methods have been disclosed in Yang et al, Detecting Faces in Images: A Survey, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE, VOL. 24, NO. 1, JANUARY 2002. The document describes a method of detecting human faces using some marked features (two eyes, mouth, nose, and the like) and a unique geometric positional relationship between these features, or using symmetric features of human faces, features of skin colors of human faces, template matching, neural networks, and the like. For example, a scheme proposed in Rowley et al, Neural network-based face detection, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ...
A surgical instrument of the present invention comprises a tool section provided at a distal end of the insert section, having first and second tool pieces connected to each other by a first opening/closing pivot axis, and a manipulating section provided at a proximal end of the insert section, having first and second manipulating bodies connected to each other by a second opening/closing pivot axis wherein the first opening/closing pivot axis is positioned at a first side relative to the longitudinal center axis of the insert section, the second opening/closing pivot axis is positioned at a second side relative to the longitudinal center axis of the insert section, and the first side and second side are established to obtain a positional relationship which is substantially symmetrical to each other relative to the longitudinal center axis of the insert section.
A paddle-type electrode or electrode array is implantable like a percutaneously inserted lead, i.e., without requiring major surgery, and once implanted, expands to provide a platform for many electrode configurations. The electrode array is provided on a flexible, foldable, subcarrier or substrate. Such subcarrier or substrate folds or compresses during implantation, thereby facilitating its insertion using percutaneous implantation techniques and tools. Once implanted, such subcarrier or substrate expands, thereby placing the electrodes in a desired spaced-apart positional relationship, and thus achieving a desired electrode array configuration. A steering stylet may be accommodated in a lumen provided in the subcarrier or substrate. Insertion tools useful with such electrode arrays include a needle with an oblong cross-section, which accommodates the dimensions of the folded array, and also accommodates other electrode arrays that are not necessarily folded.
The nuclear cycle in plants and animals consists in the alternation of two mechanically stable systems, the resting nucleus and the metaphase chromosomes. The regularity of this alternation and the constancy of the bodies taking part in it has led to the assumption that it depends on a permanence of the positional relationship of essential elements in these bodies, that is, on a property of passing on the same structure from mother to daughter nucleus and from mother to daughter organism by the structure reproducing its like without change. This assumption has been vindicated by the demonstration at a particular nuclear division, meiosis, in the transitional and generally unstable stages of prophase between the resting nucleus and the metaphase chromosomes, of a linear arrangement of particles which is constant both in individuals and in races. The inference of this constant arrangement of particles depends on evidence of form and of function. When the inference is from form the particles are ...
Cranial Nerves CN 5 - Trigeminal - sensation of face/ motor of palate and pharynx Primary interest to SLPs are Maxillary and mandibular branches 1. Test with a wisp of cotton gently to the nostrils which should resulting the wrinkling of the nose 2. Bulk of masseter and temporalis muscle is tested by palpation of the
Masticatory muscle-pain patients often complain about sensorimotor changes, but the effects of pain on the psychophysical properties remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effects of delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) on the jaws position sense (PS) and occlusal sensitivity (OS). In all, 12 participants underwent intense concentric-eccentric jaw exercises. Self-reported muscle fatigue and pain, pain-free maximum mouth opening (MMO), pain pressure thresholds (PPTs) at right and left masseter and right and left anterior temporalis, maximum voluntary bite force (MVBF), PS and OS were recorded before, immediately after, 24 h, 48 h and 1 week after the exercises ...
Dr Bob, Hi there. How are things? What has changed this week?. ,StE, Lots! We shared the eureka moment we had when you described the symptoms, signs and pathogenesis of carvoutosis temporalis using the Friday Afternoon Snail Mail story. That resonated strongly with lots of people. And as a result that symptom has almost gone - as if by magic! We are now keeping on top of our emails by doing a few each day and we are seeing decisions and actions happening much more quickly.. ,Dr Bob, Excellent. Many find it surprising to see such a large beneficial impact from such an apparently small change. And how are you feeling overall? How is the other pain?. ,StE, Still there unfortunately. Our A&E performance has not really improved but we do feel a new sense of purpose, determination and almost optimism. It is hard to put a finger on it.. ,Dr Bob, Does it feel like a paradoxical combination of feels subjectively better but looks objectively the same?. ,StE, Yes, thats exactly it. And it is really ...
1. Relating to time; limited in time; temporary. 2. Relating to the temple. See t. region of head. [L. temporalis, fr. tempus (tempor ), time, temple] * * * tem·po·ral tem p(ə )rəl adj of or relating to time as distinguished from space also of or
Part of the temporal muscle's tendon inserts into it. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/retromolar+fossa The ...
Temporal bone Temporal fenestrae Temporal muscle Temporomandibular joint Göksu, N; Kemaloğlu, YK; Köybaşioğlu, A; Ileri, F; ... Kwong, Y; Yu, D; Shah, J (August 2012). "Fracture mimics on temporal bone CT: a guide for the radiologist". AJR. American ... Koerner's septum is an anatomic boundary in the temporal bone formed by the petrosquamous suture between the petrous and ... a normal anatomic structure that can be mistaken for fractures on temporal bone CT. It is surgically important as it may cause ...
Teeth - Temple - Temporal arteries, deep - Temporal artery, middle - Temporal artery, superficial - Temporal muscle - Tendon - ... Oblique muscle of auricle - The oblique muscle of auricle (oblique auricular muscle or Tod muscle) is an intrinsic muscle of ... "Muscles within muscles: Coordination of 19 muscle segments within three shoulder muscles during isometric motor tasks". J ... Serratus anterior muscle - Serratus posterior inferior muscle - Serratus posterior superior muscle - Skeletal muscle - Skin - ...
The temporal muscle covers this area and is used during mastication. Cladists classify land vertebrates based on the presence ... Regarding the temporalis muscle: in English, this muscle's name is the time muscle. As above, the word "temporalis" comes from ... The muscle covers the temporal bone, or time bone, which received its name because the hair of the head covering this bone is ... The brain has a lobe called the temporal lobe. The word "templar" as used in anatomy has a separate etymology from the word ...
Eswaran, H.; Preissl, H.; Murphy, P.; Wilson, J.D.; Lowery, C.L. (2005). "Spatial-Temporal Analysis of Uterine Smooth Muscle ... Filler, Aaron G; Maravilla, Kenneth R; Tsuruda, Jay S (2004-08-01). "MR neurography and muscle MR imaging for image diagnosis ... Magnetomyography (MMG) is a technique for mapping muscle activity by recording magnetic fields produced by electrical currents ... Garcia, Marco Antonio Cavalcanti; Baffa, Oswaldo (2015). "Magnetic fields from skeletal muscles: a valuable physiological ...
Temporal summation is a potent mechanism for generation of referred muscle pain. Central hyperexcitability is important for the ... 1999). "Ketamine reduces muscle pain, temporal summation, and referred pain in fibromyalgia patients". Pain. 85 (3): 483-491. ... Local pain in the prostate can radiate referred pain to the abdomen, lower back, and calf muscles. Kidney stones can cause ... For example, stimulated local pain in the anterior tibial muscle causes referred pain in the ventral portion of the ankle; ...
... interacts with myostatin and regulates temporal progression of muscle regeneration through modulation of myostatin ... "Nfix Regulates Temporal Progression of Muscle Regeneration through Modulation of Myostatin Expression: Cell Reports". Apt D, ... "Enhanced exercise and regenerative capacity in a mouse model that violates size constraints of oxidative muscle fibres , eLife ... Nfix also inhibits slow-twith muscle phenotype. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000008441 - Ensembl, May 2017 GRCm38: Ensembl ...
Associated temporal muscle release in the region of these nerves may also be indicated. Because these nerves are very small and ... The greater occipital nerve travels through several muscle layers (including the trapezius muscle and splenius capitis muscle) ... These nerves are released from these muscles so they may lie free of pressure from these muscle structures. Small blood vessels ... or muscle tissue. The supra-orbital and supra-trochlear nerves travel through the corrugator supercilii muscle which enables ...
Tyler's accepted reconstruction of Sangiran 31 shows a double temporal ridge. The temporal muscles extend to the top of the ... The specimen was unusual for having a double temporal ridge (sagittal crest), which almost meets at the top of the cranium, and ... It had the same double sagittal crest or double temporal ridge with a cranial capacity of around 800-1000cc. Since its ...
The temporal muscles, sagittal, and nuchal crests are weaker compared to other tenrec species. These tenrecs, H. semispinosus, ... Cutaneous muscles underneath the quills were confirmed and are known as quill vibrator disc; they are around 16.8 mm long and ... These cutaneous muscles were the apparatus that contribute the vibration of the quills and production of sound for ...
The lateral slips of the temporal muscles are thicker and stronger in Asian black bears. An Asian black bear with broken hind ... Endo, H., Taru, H., Yamamoto, M., Arishima, K., & Sasaki, M. (2003). Comparative morphology of the muscles of mastication in ... and the weight ratio of the two pterygoid muscles is also much smaller in Asian black bears. ...
Under the temporal lesions the skeletal muscle is almost in direct continuity with the epidermis. There are at least four types ...
The temporal lines on the braincase, which anchor muscles, are located lower in P. germainepetterae. Like in aardvarks, the ...
... below them it forms part of the temporal fossa, and affords attachment to the temporal muscle. At the back part and close to ... and the latter indicates the upper limit of the muscular origin of the temporal muscle. Above these lines the bone is covered ... The point of meeting of this angle with the occipital and the mastoid part of the temporal is named the asterion. The parietal ... Crossing the middle of the bone in an arched direction are two curved lines, the superior and inferior temporal lines; the ...
The skulls of bears are massive, providing anchorage for the powerful masseter and temporal jaw muscles. The canine teeth are ... If they have stored enough body fat, their muscles remain in good condition, and their protein maintenance requirements are met ...
This is partly due to the greater development of the temporal muscles, which required longer temporal pits. Georges Cuvier ...
Initial facial changes usually involve the area of the face covered by the temporal or buccinator muscles. The disease ... or latissimus dorsi muscle to the face. Severe deformities may require additional procedures, such as pedicled temporal fascia ... characterized by rapid spasms of a muscle group that subsequently spread to adjacent muscles) and occur on the side ... Other ocular abnormalities include ophthalmoplegia (paralysis of one or more of the extraocular muscles) and other types of ...
But, A. Boisei's skull was robust and had large temporals muscles that helped crush nuts and hard plants. It's important to ... The development of the robusticity comes from the anterior part of the temporals muscles. As a result of this massiveness size ... of temporals muscles KNM-ER 406 shows presents of shallow orbits. This species is suggested to be male and his features are the ... The big chewing muscles attached to the sagittal crest are traits of this adaptation. Following a three month expedition funded ...
Levinton, J.S.; Ochron, S.T.P. (2008). "Temporal and geographic trends in mercury concentrations in muscle tissue in five ...
With progression the illness involves the pectoral girdle and trunk muscles and finally the masseters and temporal muscles. The ... The initial symptoms are muscle spasms in the legs and alopecia, also known as baldness. The spasms are painful and progressive ... characterized by painful muscle spasms, alopecia, diarrhea, endocrinopathy with amenorrhoea and secondary skeletal ... spasms usually spare the facial muscles. Severe spasms can interfere with respiration and speech. During an attack-free period ...
Levinton, J.S.; Ochron, S.T.P. (2008). "Temporal and geographic trends in mercury concentrations in muscle tissue in five ...
Levinton, J.S.; Ochron, S.T.P. (2008). "Temporal and geographic trends in mercury concentrations in muscle tissue in five ...
The sagittal crest of its skull is well-developed providing a large area for attachment of the temporal muscle. The zygomatic ... arch is robust and provides a large area for attachment of the masseter muscle. This musculature and its strong mandible give ...
Gordon, Osser, H. (1962). An Electromyographic Study of the Behavior of the Masseter and Temporal Muscles Before, During, and ... Watson, Fleming, Thomas (1961). An Electromyographic Study of the Behavior of the Masseter and Temporal Muscles Before, During ... Arnold, Widen, Bernard (1960). An Electromyographic Study of the Masseter and Temporal Muscles Before, During and After ... Widen's Masters thesis involved a study using electromyography on facial muscles following the separation of banded teeth and ...
Non-invasive bioluminescence imaging enables highly sensitive temporal and spatial resolution of muscle stem cell regenerative ... "Rejuvenation of the muscle stem cell population restores strength to injured aged muscles". Nature Medicine. 20 (3): 255-264. ... Blau characterized muscle stem cells and showed they are dysfunctional in aging and in muscular dystrophy. She showed that stem ... Blau, Helen M.; Cosgrove, Benjamin D.; Ho, Andrew T. V. (2015-08-06). "The central role of muscle stem cells in regenerative ...
The temporal fenestra have been found with ossified fasciae, giving evidence of some type of a temporal muscle attachment. The ... Such smooth muscle interactions have been interpreted to be indicative of the tympanum and give the implications that this ... The otic region is defined by the regions surrounding the temporal fenestrae. Most notable is evidence of a deep recess that is ... The temporal crests remain quite discrete throughout the length of the skull. ...
Deepening of the postorbital region of the skull (behind the eyes) produced a larger temporal opening, indicating more muscle ... The boss on the angular (rear of the jaw) has become very prominent, again, another sign of powerful jaw muscles. These huge ...
"The Effect of Whey Protein Supplementation on the Temporal Recovery of Muscle Function Following Resistance Training: A ... It is similar to creatine in helping muscle hypertrophy that increases strength, endurance, reduced muscle damage, and helps ... An increase in muscle endurance is primarily attributed to the large amounts of caffeine in pre-workout supplements. The ... The improvement in muscle recovery is associated with the branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) found in pre-workout, particularly ...
The view is that the brain misinterprets information-for example from the temporal muscle or other muscles-and interprets this ... For patients with concurrent muscle spasm and CTTH, the muscle relaxant Tizanidine can be a helpful option. These medications ... pericranial muscle tenderness, inflammation, and muscle ischemia have been postulated in headache literature to be causal ... The pain can radiate from the lower back of the head, the neck, eyes or other muscle groups in the body typically affecting ...
... and the small size of the temporal muscles. The structure of the nasal area indicates Australodelphis was likely to have ... The evidence, both morphological and temporal, is that Australodelphis is a member of the family Delphinidae. In their ... enlarged nasiofacial muscles similar to Mesoplodon and indicate a possible ability to generate high-frequency sounds used in ...
The humerus has a muscle attachment which is characteristic of dinosaurs (a long 'deltopectoral crest'). Other features are ... Temporal range: Middle Triassic, 243 mya. Approximation of animal based on partial skeleton shown in black (first specimen, six ...
One of the main advantages of using PET is that it can also provide muscle activation data about deeper lying muscles such as ... Photons that do not arrive in temporal "pairs" (i.e. within a timing-window of a few nanoseconds) are ignored. ... Musculoskeletal imaging: PET has been shown to be a feasible technique for studying skeletal muscles during exercises like ... This is due to the time it takes for FDG to accumulate in the activated muscles. ...
... with blood being pumped through it by a series of muscles. The blood vascular system is minimal. Similarly, they have no gills ...
Strong jaw muscles are believed to be an evolutionary adaptation of P. boisei for a diet of nuts, seeds and hard fruit.[16] ... boisei had large chewing muscles attached to a pronounced sagittal crest. To accommodate their enormous cheek teeth (four times ... Temporal range: Pleistocene, 2.3-1.2 Ma PreЄ. Є. O. S. D ...
The ingress of water is achieved by contraction of radial muscles in the mantle wall, and flapper valves shut when strong ... Once the shell is penetrated, the prey dies almost instantaneously, its muscles relax, and the soft tissues are easy for the ... It contains tetrodotoxin, which causes paralysis by blocking the transmission of nerve impulses to the muscles. This causes ... The infundibulum provides adhesion while the acetabulum remains free, and muscle contractions allow for attachment and ...
Most of these go to muscles and are therefore called motor impulses; some are secretory and enter glands; a portion are ... Several case reports show temporal associations between interventions and potentially serious complications.[145] The published ... electrical muscle stimulation, therapeutic ultrasound, and moist heat.[21] Some mixers also use techniques from alternative ... "muscle testing" as a diagnostic tool), and cranial.[75] Chiropractic biophysics technique uses inverse functions of rotations ...
A bilateral temporal visual field defect (due to compression of the optic chiasm) or dilation of the pupil, and the occurrence ... Cerebellum: Tumors in this area may cause poor balance, muscle movement, and posture.[citation needed] ... Temporal lobe: Tumors in this lobe may contribute to poor memory, loss of hearing,[15] difficulty in language comprehension ( ... Since the frontal, temporal, and parietal lobes[11] control inhibition, emotions, mood, judgement, reasoning, and behavior, a ...
... this group was characterized by a temporal opening in the skull behind each eye to give room for the jaw muscle to move. These ... since many of these muscles have attachment points in conjunction with their forelimbs (indeed, many of the muscles expand into ... Some turtles, such as the Indian flapshell (Lissemys punctata), have a sheet of muscle that envelops the lungs. When it ... By using a series of special muscles (roughly equivalent to a diaphragm), turtles are capable of pushing their viscera up and ...
Assert differences in non-temporal knowledge (space-time independence), an approach taken for example by Boethius,[99] Thomas ... "cannot be captured in a description of neural activity or of muscle activation...."[171] The bearing of timing experiments upon ... Circular causality departs so strongly from the classical tenets of necessity, invariance, and precise temporal order that the ... Using functional magnetic resonance imaging with specialized multivariate analyses to study the temporal dimension in the ...
Early tetrapods had a wide gaping jaw with weak muscles to open and close it. In the jaw were moderate-sized palatal and ... The tetrapod tongue is built from muscles that once controlled gill openings. The tongue is anchored to the hyoid bone, which ... When the muscles are relaxed, the bony scales spring back into position, generating considerable negative pressure within the ... With the loss of the gill-covering bones, the shoulder girdle is separated from the skull, connected to the torso by muscle and ...
"Spatial and temporal variation of body size among early Homo". Journal of Human Evolution. 82: 15-33. doi:10.1016/j.jhevol. ...
3) Fusimotor template of intended movement. Static gamma activity is a "temporal template" of the expected shortening and ... Muscle spindles are stretch receptors within the body of a muscle that primarily detect changes in the length of the muscle. ... Muscle spindles are found within the belly of muscles, between extrafusal muscle fibers.[b] The specialised fibers that ... Muscle spindle. Mammalian muscle spindle showing typical position in a muscle (left), neuronal connections in spinal cord ( ...
This information may be the muscle contraction sequence for shoe-tying, the face of a loved one, or anything in between. When ... in EEG since the magnetic counterpart N400m measured using MEG has been consistently localized to the superior temporal cortex. ...
... in the skull reduced weight and gave places for muscle attachment, as in all carnivorous theropods. But in other respects ... Temporal range:. Upper Cretaceous 65 mya. Skeleton at the National Museum. of Natural History, Washington, D.C.. ...
Different cyclins exhibit distinct expression and degradation patterns which contribute to the temporal coordination of each ... "Pkn is a novel partner of cyclin T2a in muscle differentiation". J. Cell. Physiol. 207 (1): 232-7. doi:10.1002/jcp.20566. PMID ...
to muscles of mastication (deep temporal, pterygoid, masseteric). *buccal. 3rd part / pterygopalatine. *posterior superior ... The temporal pole of the cerebrum and the cerebellar hemisphere have been removed on the right side. Inferior aspect (viewed ... MCA (anterolateral central, Prefrontal artery, Superior terminal branch, Inferior terminal branch, Anterior temporal branch) ...
cardiac muscle contraction. • muscle cell cellular homeostasis. • neuromuscular process controlling posture. • locomotory ... Murphy CI, Lennick M, Lehar SM, Beltz GA, Young E (October 1990). "Temporal expression of HIV-1 envelope proteins in ... striated muscle contraction. • glucose metabolic process. • neutrophil degranulation. • carbohydrate metabolic process. Sources ... Muscle & Nerve. Supplement. 3: S61-9. doi:10.1002/mus.880181414. hdl:1765/66923. PMID 7603530.. ...
It cannot be detected in oocytes, indicating temporal control of bcd mRNA translation. The bcd protein is distributed in an ... The middle layer, or mesoderm, gives rise to the muscles, skeleton if any, and blood system. ... Development is based on the differential expression of the genetic information in a precise spatial and temporal pattern. The ...
Temporal protein biomarkers in tracking different phases of TBIEdit. A continuum of protein biomarkers in tracking different ... For example, rubidium chloride is used as a radioactive isotope to evaluate perfusion of heart muscle. ...
Uncommon and rare side effects include muscle aches and pains (myalgias), and headaches. Isotretinoin is known to cause birth ... There is also a temporal relationship between development of depression and initiation of isotretinoin treatment, with most ...
The lack of a large sternum to anchor their correspondingly large flight muscles restricts them to being primarily soarers. The ...
পেশী (Muscle) *হৃৎপেশী (Cardiac muscle). *অনৈচ্ছিক পেশী (Involuntary muscle). *ঐচ্ছিক পেশী (অস্থিপেশী) (Voluntary/Skeletal ... রগাঞ্চলীয় খণ্ডক (Temporal lobe). *কক্ষ (Thalamus). *অবকক্ষ (hypothalamus). *মস্তিষ্ক-সুষম্না তরল (Cerebrospinal fluid) ...
... a ridge of bone on the top of the skull to which jaw muscles attach) and canine teeth.[99] Lorisoids exhibit some sexual ...
... which vibrate their muscles vigorously to raise the temperature of the intruder to a lethal level ("balling").[72] Previously, ...
Baird, C. L., and Sands, L., A pilot study of the effectiveness of guided imagery with progressive muscle relaxation to reduce ... Cocude, M., and Denis, M., Measuring the temporal characteristics of visual images. Journal of Mental Imagery, Vol. 12, No. 1, ...
ALS is characterized by stiff muscles, muscle twitching, and gradually worsening weakness due to muscles decreasing in size.[2] ... neurons throughout the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain die as well.[35] The pathological hallmark of ALS is the ... Stiff muscles, muscle twitching, gradually worsening weakness[2]. Complications. Difficulty in speaking, swallowing, breathing[ ... The disorder causes muscle weakness, atrophy, and muscle spasms throughout the body due to the degeneration of the upper motor ...
In mammals, the side opening is closed by the sphenoid bone, so that the skull roof appear whole, despite the temporal opening ... In two groups of early reptiles the skull roof evolved post orbital openings to allow for greater movement of the jaw muscles. ...
... which in its general shape and particularly the wide and deep attachment for the muscle joining the coracoid and the humerus ... Temporal range: Eocene-Recent, 45-0 Ma PreЄ. Є. O. S ... bearing extremely powerful flight muscles, and some species are ...
The flea jump is so rapid and forceful that it exceeds the capabilities of muscle, and instead of relying on direct muscle ... another muscle pulls the tendon forward until it passes the joint axis, generating the opposite torque to extend the leg and ... muscles contract and deform the resilin pad, slowly storing energy which can then be released extremely rapidly to power leg ... the tendon of the primary jumping muscle passes slightly behind the coxa-trochanter joint, generating a torque which holds the ...
... rather than attached by skin and muscle from the knee upwards. Because of this, camelids have to lie down by resting on their ...
temporal muscle synonyms, temporal muscle pronunciation, temporal muscle translation, English dictionary definition of temporal ... Noun 1. temporal muscle - muscle extending from the temporal fossa to the coronoid process of the mandible; acts to raise the ... temporal muscle. Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.. Related to temporal muscle: Masseter muscle ... Temporal muscle - definition of temporal muscle by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/temporal+muscle ...
The temporal muscle is the most powerful muscle of the temporomandibular joint. The temporal muscle can be divided into two ... Temporal muscle (red). Muscles of head and neck Temporal muscle.Deep dissection.Mummification process. Illustrated Anatomy of ... The temporal muscle is covered by the temporal fascia, also known as the temporal aponeurosis. This fascia is commonly used in ... Specifically, the muscle is innervated by the deep temporal nerves. The muscle receives its blood supply from the deep temporal ...
Figure 2: Temporal adaptation of intact diaphragm (DPH) muscle contractile function in diabetic muscles. All data are presented ... Temporal Adaptive Changes in Contractility and Fatigability of Diaphragm Muscles from Streptozotocin-Diabetic Rats. Marco ... for each muscle. While there was an identical decrease in force in both muscle sets at the end of the fatigue period to ... DPH muscles were carefully dissected into small muscle strips measuring 35-40 mm in length and less that 1 mm in thickness to ...
We could conclude too that in most of cases the deep temporal nerves penetrates in the inferior third of the temporal muscle. ... DETERMINATION OF THE LENGTH AND PENETRATION OF THE DEEP TEMPORAL NERVES IN THE TEMPORAL MUSCLE. Rev. chil. anat. [online]. 2002 ... it was used two pre-certain lines that delimited the area of penetration of the deep temporal nerves in the temporal muscle. ... The aim of this study is to determinate the length and the penetration point of the deep temporal nerves, in the temporal ...
... and immunoelectron-microscopic labeling revealed that both proteins are associated with membrane-bound dense plaques in muscle ... The spatiotemporal relationships between vinculin and talin in developing chicken gizzard smooth muscle were investigated. ... Spatial and temporal relationships between vinculin and talin in the developing chicken gizzard smooth muscle Differentiation. ... The spatiotemporal relationships between vinculin and talin in developing chicken gizzard smooth muscle were investigated. ...
Temporal expression of regulatory and structural muscle proteins during myogenesis of satellite cells on isolated adult rat ... Temporal Expression of Regulatory and Structural Muscle Proteins during Myogenesis of Satellite Cells on Isolated Adult Rat ... Temporal Expression of Regulatory and Structural Muscle Proteins during Myogenesis of Satellite Cells on Isolated Adult Rat ... Temporal Expression of Regulatory and Structural Muscle Proteins during Myogenesis of Satellite Cells on Isolated Adult Rat ...
A temporal map of transcription factor activity: mef2 directly regulates target genes at all stages of muscle development.. ... This global approach revealed three temporal patterns of Mef2 enhancer binding, providing a glimpse of dynamic enhancer use ... To understand how these transcription factors control diverse processes in muscle development, we have combined chromatin ... immunoprecipitation analysis with gene expression profiling to obtain a temporal map of Mef2 activity during Drosophila ...
... and thenar hand muscle atrophy and the pain associates with all three? Complicated. Thenar branch, median nerve (c8) is ... Temporal muscle atrophy - What are the possible causes of right armpit, elbow, ... Muscle Wasting (Definition) Muscle wasting is a general term to describe the gradual loss in muscle mass and can have a umber ... Decreased bulk: Muscle atrophy is shrinking of the muscle, leading to a wasted appearance. It can be due to muscle disease, ...
Muscle protein anabolism is acutely elevated following RT, which is further enhanced by WP. As a result, there is reason to ... and a temporal overall ES was determined using a random-effects model. Whilst only half of the individual studies reported ... for the temporal restoration of contractile function compared to the control treatment. Whilst the effects for WP were shown to ... known to enhance strength and muscle mass during resistance training (RT) regimens. ...
... ... The trapezius muscle activity was significantly higher during Near than during Far focusing periods for both groups within the ... 1. The impact of visually demanding near work on neck/shoulder discomfort and trapezius muscle activity: Laboratory studies. ... A direct link, from the accommodation/vergence system to the trapezius muscles cannot be ruled out, but the connection may also ...
Palpation of muscle and tendinous structures suggests that nociceptors in deep tissues are abnormally sensitive in FMS, but ... Temporal summation of pain from mechanical stimulation of muscle tissue in normal controls and subjects with fibromyalgia ... Moderate temporal summation of deep pain was observed for normal controls (NC), and temporal summation was greatly exaggerated ... Palpation of muscle and tendinous structures suggests that nociceptors in deep tissues are abnormally sensitive in FMS, but ...
2008). A temporal switch from notch to Wnt signaling in muscle stem cells is necessary for normal adult myogenesis. Cell Stem ... In summary, we show here that Notch signalling regulates muscle stem cell self-renewal as well as their temporal specification ... C) Cell-autonomous activated Notch (NICD) maintains the temporal specification potential of skeletal muscle stem/progenitor ... Cell-autonomous Notch activity maintains the temporal specification potential of skeletal muscle stem cells ...
The fNIRS-fMRI experiment showed that during the temporal muscle artifact, fNIRS is completely saturated by muscle oxygenation ... Conclusion: Temporal muscle activity, e.g. by clenching the teeth is one major source of noise in fNIRS measurements. ... Discussion: Temporal muscle activity e.g. by clenching the teeth induces a large hemodynamic-like artefact in fNIRS ... Experiment 3 showed hints for contamination of sound-evoked oxygenation by the temporal muscle artefact. This was of low ...
Temporal muscle: atrophy, illustration relating to dogs including description, information, related content and more. CousquerG ...
Single smooth muscle cells were isolated by gentle trituration in medium 231 supplemented with smooth muscle growth supplement ... Smooth muscle contraction is triggered by an increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), resulting from Ca2+ influx ... Smooth muscle cells transfected with eGFP-labeled biosensors were loaded with Fura red (3 μM, 1 h) and imaged using an Olympus ... In aortic smooth muscle, ANG II also translocated PKCα, which does not mediate KATP inhibition, to caveolae, suggesting that ...
Can The Skull Bone Above The Temporal Muscles Be Reduced?. Q: Dr. Eppley, I am interested in skull width reduction. I have ... If only the bone above the temporals muscle were burred, would I be able to avoid a lateral scar? Additionally, would the ... The postoperative swelling would be less than with temporal muscle removal.. 4) The scar is the only side effect. (aesthetic ... 3. I do not want to remove the temporalis muscles considering my head is widest at the top bony area and removing muscle ...
Sphingosine-1-phosphate inhibits PDGF-induced chemotaxis of human arterial smooth muscle cells: spatial and temporal modulation ... Sphingosine-1-phosphate inhibits PDGF-induced chemotaxis of human arterial smooth muscle cells: spatial and temporal modulation ... Activation of the PDGF receptor on human arterial smooth muscle cells (SMC) induces migration and proliferation via separable ... The results suggest that spatial and temporal changes in phosphatidylinositol turnover, calcium mobilization and actin filament ...
Electromyography revealed significant differences in the right and left masseter and temporal muscles at rest and during ... Electromyographic activity in the masseter and temporal muscles was greater among adolescents with moderate to severe TMD. ... on electromyographic activity in the masseter and temporal muscles of adolescents and investigate a possible association with ... A standardised electromyographic evaluation was performed on the masticatory muscles at rest, during habitual chewing and ...
... where the descending temporal 50 commands that recruit a muscle synergy reflect a desired task-level goal. In turn, the muscle ... and then address the temporal 84 recruitment of spatially fixed muscle synergies by fixed temporal structures associated with ... 70 Recent evidence suggests that the temporal recruitment of muscle synergies is also low 71 dimensional and modulated by task- ... 108 Here we hypothesized that the temporal recruitment of muscle synergies could be 109 robustly predicted based on the error ...
... dilated temporal arteries. Cause of the symptoms?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Head injury, Ask ... Blacking out, forgetfulness, involuntary muscle jerking, head injuries, concussions, dilated temporal arteries. Cause of the ... involuntary muscle jerking, and have had multiple head injuries and concussions. Significantly, I hit my head back in March, ... causing very intense swelling then causing my face to remarkedbly swell, and there have been several times my temporal arteries ...
The nature of these effects differed between groups for specific muscles, in that reductions in patients were larger if muscles ... how abnormalities in the muscle activity of patients are modulated through Lokomat guided gait, and (3) how temporal step ... To purposefully employ the Lokomat for training, it is important to understand (1) how Lokomat guided walking affects muscle ... Overall, Lokomat guided walking was associated with a general lowering of muscle activity compared to treadmill walking, in ...
Temporal analysis of human skeletal muscle lipids in vivo. (A) Experimental design for the collection of muscle tissue samples ... Due to the central role of skeletal muscle in whole-body metabolism, we aimed at studying muscle lipid profiles in a temporal ... The endogenous molecular clock orchestrates the temporal separation of substrate metabolism in skeletal muscle. Skelet Muscle 5 ... A) Average temporal profile of PC, SM, and PE lipids, sorted by chain length in skeletal muscle (n = 10). PC, PE: 28-32 and 40- ...
Temporal muscle asymmetry is a common sequela of pterional craniotomies. The authors describe a simple technique of restoring ... the temporal muscle to its origin by microscrew fixation. This technique provides reliable preservation of temporal muscle bulk ...
Repeated intramuscular injections of nerve growth factor induced progressive muscle hyperalgesia, facilitated temporal ...
T2 - Temporal Changes in Protein-Metabolism of Striated-Muscle and Visceral Tissues from Rats ... Tissue Specific Responses to Clenbuterol : Temporal Changes in Protein-Metabolism of Striated-Muscle and Visceral Tissues from ... Tissue Specific Responses to Clenbuterol : Temporal Changes in Protein-Metabolism of Striated-Muscle and Visceral Tissues from ... Tissue Specific Responses to Clenbuterol : Temporal Changes in Protein-Metabolism of Striated-Muscle and Visceral Tissues from ...
Freezing skeletal muscle tissue does not affect its decomposition in soil: Evidence from temporal changes in tissue mass, ... Freezing skeletal muscle tissue does not affect its decomposition in soil: Evidence from temporal changes in tissue mass, ... The experiment had three treatments: control with no skeletal muscle tissue, microcosms containing frozen skeletal muscle ... The experiment had three treatments: control with no skeletal muscle tissue, microcosms containing frozen skeletal muscle ...
Spatial and temporal characteristics of the spine muscles activation during walking in patients with lumbar instability due to ... Spatial and temporal characteristics of the spine muscles activation during walking in patients with lumbar instability due to ... Spatial and temporal characteristics of the spine muscles activation during walking in patients with lumbar instability due to ... Spatial and temporal characteristics of the spine muscles activation during walking in patients with lumbar instability due to ...
... normal hearing subjects encompasses a greater intensity range than the psychophysically assessed auditory threshold temporal ... Temporal integration; Stapedial muscle reflex; Acoustic reflex threshold ... normal hearing subjects encompasses a greater intensity range than the psychophysically assessed auditory threshold temporal ...
... temporal muscle asymmetry is a common sequela of this procedure. It could represent atrophy of distally transected muscle, ... 1B ). The muscle is dissected from the temporal fossa and is retracted along with the scalp with multiple fishhooks connected ... A number of techniques have been described in the past to preserve the anatomy of the temporal muscle and to reconstruct its ... A cuff of fascia and muscle remains attached to the skull at the superior temporal line ( Fig. 1C ). The standard ...
... ... As far as we are concerned, this is the first study to evaluate the relation between disease score and muscle atrophy in a ... These observations are relevant to understand the development of muscle loss, as well as for the design of future studies ... Journal of cachexia, sarcopenia and muscle. Heidelburg. Vol. 4, no. 3 (Sept. 2013), p. 231-238 ...
  • In humans, it arises from the temporal fossa and the deep part of temporal fascia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The temporal muscle is covered by the temporal fascia, also known as the temporal aponeurosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Objectives We aimed to compare the anatomic and functional success of tragal cartilage perichondrium and temporal muscle fascia in cases of endoscopic type 1 tympanoplasty performed with limited tympanomeatal flap elevation. (bvsalud.org)
  • All cases were divided into two groups as tragal cartilage perichondrium (group A) and temporal muscle fascia (group B). The comparison of the groups were made considering the pre- and postoperative air - bone gap and the tympanic membrane status. (bvsalud.org)
  • Conclusion In accordance with the results of this study, we believe that both tragal cartilage perichondrium and temporal muscle fascia , and also in limited tympanomeatal flap elevation in endoscopic tympanoplasty are all eligible for result in safe and successful surgery . (bvsalud.org)
  • The temporal fascia is a strong, fibrous investment that covers the temporal muscle. (innerbody.com)
  • The auricularis anterior arises from the temporal fascia (a fibrous tissue that covers the temporalis muscles on the sides of the head) and it inserts into the major helix, which is the upper rim portion of the ear. (healthline.com)
  • The temporal fascia covers the temporalis muscle. (wikipedia.org)
  • The parotid fascia proceeds to the temporal fascia. (wikipedia.org)
  • During a seizure the contralateral temporalis muscle can enter spastic paralysis, this clenching in extreme cases can lead to a rupture specifically on the myotendinous insertion at the coronoid process of the mandible. (wikipedia.org)
  • Articulation between the condylar head of mandible and the anterior part of the glenoid fossa of two temporal bones. (slideshare.net)
  • It was concluded that both experimental detachment of the temporal muscle and coronoidotomy during the growth period in rats induced asymmetry of the mandible and affected the premaxilla. (bvsalud.org)
  • The action of the muscle during bilateral contraction of the entire muscle is to elevate the mandible, raising the lower jaw. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pain results from the changes in muscle activity that limit the movements of the mandible and protect it from further damage, while trying to promote healing [ 4 ]. (medsci.org)
  • It's attached to the mandible (jaw) and to the skull's temporal bone, or temporal fossa. (innerbody.com)
  • It is a broad, fan-shaped muscle on each side of the head that fills the temporal fossa, superior to the zygomatic arch so it covers much of the temporal bone.Temporal refers to the head's temples. (wikipedia.org)
  • When lower dentures are fitted, they should not extend into the retromolar fossa to prevent trauma of the mucosa due to the contraction of the temporalis muscle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anatomy photo:27:04-0100 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "Infratemporal Fossa: The Temporalis Muscle" Kadri, Paulo A. S. (wikipedia.org)
  • Maxillary antrum , Infra-temporal fossa, peri-orbital fat and muscles appeared normal. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Sphingosine-1-phosphate inhibits PDGF-induced chemotaxis of human arterial smooth muscle cells: spatial and temporal modulation of PDGF chemotactic signal transduction. (rupress.org)
  • The results suggest that spatial and temporal changes in phosphatidylinositol turnover, calcium mobilization and actin filament disassembly may be critical to PDGF-induced chemotaxis and suggest a possible role for endogenous Sph-1-P in the regulation of PDGF receptor chemotactic signal transduction. (rupress.org)
  • Arterial smooth muscle (ASM) contraction plays a critical role in regulating blood distribution and blood pressure. (physiology.org)
  • Smooth muscle contraction is triggered by an increase in intracellular Ca 2+ concentration ([Ca 2+ ] i ), resulting from Ca 2+ influx through voltage-dependent L-type Ca 2+ channels in the plasma membrane and/or release from intracellular Ca 2+ stores ( 12 , 24 ). (physiology.org)
  • IP 3 triggers Ca 2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum, which can initiate smooth muscle contraction ( 17 , 44 ). (physiology.org)
  • motor nerve a peripheral efferent nerve that stimulates muscle contraction. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Rhythmic neuronal firing in the ENS was found to generate rhythmic neurogenic depolarizations in smooth muscle that underlie contraction of the GI tract. (jneurosci.org)
  • and this variation would therefore seem to interfere with deterministic control of muscle contraction amplitude by motor neuron activity. (jneurosci.org)
  • The muscle receives its blood supply from the deep temporal arteries which anastomose with the middle temporal artery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Incise the temporal muscle along the direction of the muscle fibers through pterion and expand it with the mastoid expander after separation. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Temporal expression of regulatory and structural muscle proteins during myogenesis of satellite cells on isolated adult rat fibers. (nih.gov)
  • To gain further understanding of adult myoblasts, we analyzed myogenesis of satellite cells on intact fibers isolated from adult rat muscle. (nih.gov)
  • Involved muscles composed mostly of fast-twitch fibers demonstrated different diffusion behaviour across time than muscles of mostly slow-twitch composition, a result thought to be due to differing levels of vascularization between the two fiber types. (ismrm.org)
  • The various nerve fibers and cells that make up the autonomic nervous system innervate the glands, heart, blood vessels, and involuntary muscles of the internal organs. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • fusimotor n's those that innervate the intrafusal fibers of the muscle spindle. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • We show here that this question is likely resolved by (1) combinatorial averaging within individual muscle fibers of the multiple EJPs that occur in motor neuron bursts, and (2) averaging across muscle fibers whose electrical responses are uncorrelated. (jneurosci.org)
  • We report here that the resolution of this question appears to be a combination of (1) EJP combinatorial averaging within single muscle fibers and (2) averaging across muscle fibers whose electrical responses are uncorrelated. (jneurosci.org)
  • Repetitive stimulation was utilized to determine whether temporal summation of deep muscular pain would occur for normal subjects and would be enhanced for FMS subjects. (nih.gov)
  • Moderate temporal summation of deep pain was observed for normal controls (NC), and temporal summation was greatly exaggerated for FMS subjects. (nih.gov)
  • Temporal summation for FMS subjects occurred at substantially lower forces and at a lower frequency of stimulation. (nih.gov)
  • These observations complement a previous demonstration that temporal summation of pain and after-sensations elicited by thermal stimulation of the skin are moderately enhanced for FMS subjects. (nih.gov)
  • The temporal muscle is the most powerful muscle of the temporomandibular joint. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aim of the present study was to analyse the influence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) on electromyographic activity in the masseter and temporal muscles of adolescents and investigate a possible association with the number of occlusal contacts. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is characterised by clinical signs and symptoms that affect the masticatory muscles and temporomandibular joint [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is described as a subgroup of orofacial pain with a set of signs and symptoms that involve the temporomandibular joint, masticatory muscles, ears and neck. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • If only the bone above the temporals muscle were burred, would I be able to avoid a lateral scar? (eppleyplasticsurgery.com)
  • The nerve gives off branches lateral to the external jugular vein, constituting the zygomatic-temporal and the cervicofacial trunks. (medscape.com)
  • Along with the other three muscles of mastication ( temporalis , medial pterygoid , and lateral pterygoid ), the masseter is innervated by the anterior division of the mandibular division (V3) of the trigeminal nerve . (wikipedia.org)
  • In anatomy, the temporal muscle, also known as the temporalis, is one of the muscles of mastication. (wikipedia.org)
  • As with the other muscles of mastication, control of the temporal muscle comes from the third (mandibular) branch of the trigeminal nerve. (wikipedia.org)
  • In human anatomy, the masseter [help 1] is one of the muscles of mastication . (wikipedia.org)
  • [5] The most obvious muscle of mastication is the masseter muscle, since it is the most superficial and one of the strongest. (wikipedia.org)
  • muscle of mastication (masseter, peterygoid, and temporal muscles). (studystack.com)
  • A standardised electromyographic evaluation was performed on the masticatory muscles at rest, during habitual chewing and during maximum voluntary clenching. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This study aimed to analyze the electromyographic activity, masticatory efficiency, temporal and masseter muscle thickness and maximal molar bite force of individuals with ataxia and individuals who did not present neurological impairments. (usp.br)
  • The disorder progresses with orofacial pain, muscle pain involving the masticatory and cervical muscles, joint noises (clicks and pops), joint block, mandibular dysfunction and headache. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This technique provides reliable preservation of temporal muscle bulk and function with little additional operating time and no compromise of operative exposure. (thejns.org)
  • In the first one, the authors wiil observes the percentage of thick reduction in the temporal muscle, subcutaneous tissue and skin. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In the second method the percentage thick reduction of the isolated temporal muscle will be measured and the third the volumetric analysis of the temporal muscle, subcutaneous tissue and skin will be calculated from the superior edge of zygomatic arch to superior temporal line. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The facial nerve then enters the parotid gland between the stylohyoid and digastric muscle. (medscape.com)
  • Various techniques have been suggested for the closure e-g buccal mucosal graft, split thickness graft , allogenic graft, tongue flaps, fibromucosal plate flaps (the push back technique), facial artery musculo-mucosal flaps (FAMM Flap) , temporal muscle flaps and buccal fat pad flap. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Survival prediction using temporal muscle thickness measurements on cranial magnetic resonance images in patients with newly diagnosed brain metastases. (cam.ac.uk)
  • OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prognostic relevance of temporal muscle thickness (TMT) in brain metastasis patients. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Temporal muscle thickness is associated with the severity of dysphagia in patients with acute stroke. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • The posterior auricular nerve (innervating postauricular and occipital muscles) branches posteriorly cranial just below the foramen, as do 2 smaller ones to the stylohyoideus and posterior belly of the digastric muscle. (medscape.com)
  • For experiment 1, we provoked temporal muscle activity by instructing 31 healthy subjects to clench their teeth three times. (frontiersin.org)
  • Place the fingers of each hand over the muscle and ask the patient to clench his or her teeth several times. (wikipedia.org)
  • The masseter muscle can become enlarged in patients who habitually clench or grind (with bruxism ) their teeth and even in those who constantly chew gum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Specifically, the muscle is innervated by the deep temporal nerves. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aim of this study is to determinate the length and the penetration point of the deep temporal nerves, in the temporal muscles. (scielo.cl)
  • For the determination of the penetration point it was used two pre-certain lines that delimited the area of penetration of the deep temporal nerves in the temporal muscle. (scielo.cl)
  • We could conclude too that in most of cases the deep temporal nerves penetrates in the inferior third of the temporal muscle. (scielo.cl)
  • Deep temporal nerves. (scielo.cl)
  • What are the possible causes of right armpit, elbow, and thenar hand muscle atrophy and the pain associates with all three? (healthtap.com)
  • How is muscle atrophy caused? (healthtap.com)
  • There are 2 forms of muscle atrophy: disuse atrophy, i.e. (healthtap.com)
  • What does me muscle atrophy feel like? (healthtap.com)
  • Can progressive muscle atrophy be stopped? (healthtap.com)
  • How is muscle atrophy related to diabetes? (healthtap.com)
  • Muscles atrophy for a number of reasons. (healthtap.com)
  • How can I prevent from having muscle atrophy? (healthtap.com)
  • I got thinner overall, does it call muscle atrophy? (healthtap.com)
  • Atrophy of muscle is usually seen in peripheral nervous systems and is associated with other signs such as fasciculation and diminished reflexes. (healthtap.com)
  • What can be done for muscle atrophy once out of the icu? (healthtap.com)
  • The last two were a year ago and I am suffering with total body muscle atrophy. (healthtap.com)
  • Should I be worried about muscle atrophy if I notice odd curves in my quads that I've never noticed before? (healthtap.com)
  • Seems like I'm having muscle atrophy in my face. (healthtap.com)
  • As far as we are concerned, this is the first study to evaluate the relation between disease score and muscle atrophy in a model of arthritis. (ufrgs.br)
  • Electromyographic activity in the masseter and temporal muscles was greater among adolescents with moderate to severe TMD. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The superficial temporal vessels and the auriculotemporal nerve cross it from below upward. (wikipedia.org)
  • A small quantity of fat, the orbital branch of the superficial temporal artery, and a filament from the zygomatic branch of the maxillary nerve, are contained between these two layers. (wikipedia.org)
  • The superficial head, the larger, arises by a thick, tendinous aponeurosis from the temporal process of zygomatic bone , and from the anterior two-thirds of the inferior border of the zygomatic arch . (wikipedia.org)
  • Can The Skull Bone Above The Temporal Muscles Be Reduced? (eppleyplasticsurgery.com)
  • 3. I do not want to remove the temporalis muscles considering my head is widest at the top bony area and removing muscle beneath is will only make it appear even wider-especially considering muscle removal has a far more dramatic effect than bone burring, so even if both were done I imagine I would still get that effect. (eppleyplasticsurgery.com)
  • Intratemporally, the facial and vestibular cochlear nerves split, entering the fallopian canal of the temporal bone. (medscape.com)
  • The labyrinthine segment, measuring approximately 4mm, extends perpendicular to the temporal bone axis. (medscape.com)
  • Muscles of head and neck Temporal muscle.Deep dissection.Mummification process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Near work is associated with increased activity in the neck and shoulder muscles, but the underlying mechanismis still unknown. (diva-portal.org)
  • A direct link, from the accommodation/vergence system to the trapezius muscles cannot be ruled out, but the connection may also be explained by an increased need for eye-neck (head) stabilization when focusing on a nearby target as compared to a more distant target. (diva-portal.org)
  • Musculoskeletal discomfort in the neck and shoulders is common among workers performing visually demanding near work, e.g., on a computer screen, and sustained low-level muscle activity during such work can lead to work-related pain. (diva-portal.org)
  • The relationships between visual demands and muscle activity and discomfort in the neck/shoulder region are at present unclear. (diva-portal.org)
  • The aims of this thesis were to determine whether neck/shoulder discomfort and trapezius muscle activity increases during visually demanding experimental near work, and to investigate whether eye-lens accommodation is a mediating mechanism behind increased trapezius muscle activity. (diva-portal.org)
  • Moving neck ), Stitch in cervical muscles. (homeoint.org)
  • Muscles of the head and neck. (wikipedia.org)
  • into muscle of the scalp and neck. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The cartilago transiliens slides between the pterygoid buttress and coronoid region of the lower jaw and connects two muscles historically identified as m. pseudotemporalis superficialis and m. intramandibularis. (scribd.com)
  • Tympanoplasty with fascial tissue taken from the temporal muscle after straightening the anterior wall of the auditory meatus. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Moreover, the majority of the studies performed to date have been carried out in hind-limb skeletal muscles or in cardiac tissue [ 7 - 11 ] whereas scarce attention has been paid to diaphragm muscle performance. (hindawi.com)
  • Although the HUIV26 cryptic collagen epitope has been implicated in angiogenesis, little is known concerning such epitopes within ischemic muscle tissue. (utmb.edu)
  • Here, we provide the first evidence that a functionally distinct cryptic collagen epitope (HU177) is temporally exposed in ischemic muscle tissue during the active phase of reperfusion. (utmb.edu)
  • BACKGROUND: Although leukocyte adhesion and capillary plugging are postulated to play a role in postischemic tissue injury, there is only limited evidence demonstrating the relationship between tissue leukocyte accumulation and cell injury in terms of their temporal sequence and spatial distribution. (elsevier.com)
  • Skeletal muscle is a major contributor to whole-body metabolism as it serves as a depot for both glucose and amino acids, and is a highly metabolically active tissue. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Fatty connective tissue has been removed from the space between this muscle and the tendon of the temporal muscle. (stanford.edu)
  • Cell contractility is mediated by non-muscle myosin II (NMMII) and actin, but the temporal-spatial expression profile of NMMII isoforms A and B (IIA and IIB) during the remodeling phase and the role of NMMII in scar fibroblast tissue remodeling are unknown. (utmb.edu)
  • Human scar tissue immunostained for Β-, γ- and α-smooth muscle actin showed that all isoforms were consistently expressed throughout the remodeling phase of repair. (utmb.edu)
  • Hundreds of bimodal genes demonstrated alternate modes of expression in diabetic muscle, pancreas, liver, heart, and adipose tissue. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Temporal arteritis occurs when the temporal arteries, which supply blood to the head and brain, become inflamed or damaged. (healthline.com)
  • Intra-operative pain occurred mainly during head fixation, dissection of the temporal muscle , traction of the dura close to the territory of the meningeal artery and of the intracerebral blood vessels. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Initially, it was made the dissection of the pieces by an endocranian access, once located the nerves, we passed to the measurement of the same ones, using as reference the oval foramen and the penetration point of the nerve in the muscle. (scielo.cl)
  • We tested the hypothesis that the cartilago transiliens is a sesamoid developed within in one muscle by investigating its structure in an ontogenetic series of Alligator mississippiensis using dissection, 3D imaging, and polarizing and standard light microscopy. (scribd.com)
  • A temporal map of transcription factor activity: mef2 directly regulates target genes at all stages of muscle development. (nih.gov)
  • Within skeletal muscle exists an intrinsic molecular clock mechanism that regulates the timing of physiological processes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These data provide evidence that the intrinsic molecular clock in skeletal muscle temporally regulates genes involved in the utilization and storage of substrates independent of circadian activity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A dose- rather than delivery profile-dependent mechanism regulates the "muscle-full" effect in response to oral essential amino acid intake in young men. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Nfix interacts with myostatin and regulates temporal progression of muscle regeneration through modulation of myostatin expression. (wikipedia.org)
  • Increased fatigability of skeletal muscles, characterized by difficulty in squatting and in performing repetitive motions, is commonly observed in both type I and type II diabetes. (hindawi.com)
  • The results suggested that in skeletal muscles there is an increase in both K(s) and the amount of protein synthesised per unit RNA. (elsevier.com)
  • Finally, the muscle undergoes spasm with malignant hyperthermia as do other skeletal muscles , but this one is easily noted, since it is on the face. (wikipedia.org)
  • Metabolic costs and muscle activity patterns during robotic- and therapist-assisted treadmill walking in individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Patients with LI, showed preserved trunk movements compared to HC but a series of EMG abnormalities of the spinal muscles, in terms of left-right symmetry, top-down synchronization, and spatiotemporal activation and modulation compared to the HC group. (elsevier.com)
  • Conversely, in patients with FBSS the EMG abnormalities regarded all the spinal muscles, irrespective to the segment involved, and were correlated to the disease's severity. (elsevier.com)
  • Motor nerves, or efferent nerves, transmit impulses from the brain and spinal cord to the muscles. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The appendix also contains a useful table listing all muscles that are presented in the text with innervations from the peripheral nerve to the mixed spinal nerve root. (ccthomas.com)
  • As for the cause of the observed weakness in skeletal and respiratory muscles in diabetics, it has been generally attributed to the motor and sensory neuropathy [ 3 ] often present in diabetic patients. (hindawi.com)
  • somatic n's the sensory and motor nerves supplying skeletal muscle and somatic tissues. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • However, because of its generally destructive effects on information transfer, variation would seem to be deleterious at many stages of sensory and motor processing, and particularly in muscle response to motor neuron activity. (jneurosci.org)
  • More dynamic than traditional anatomical charts, the Virtual Human Body allows you to overlap organs, bones and muscles at will. (ikonet.com)
  • this provides an extra attachment site for the temporal muscles , which close the jaws. (britannica.com)
  • This study was designed to determine whether a dynamic change in focus, alternating between a nearby and a more distant visual target, produces a direct parallel change in trapezius muscle activity. (diva-portal.org)
  • The trapezius muscle activity was significantly higher during Near than during Far focusing periods for both groups within the neutral viewing condition, and there was a significant co-variation in time between accommodation and trapezius muscle activity within the neutral and positive viewing conditions for the control group. (diva-portal.org)
  • Orofacial function will be measured based on maximum vertical mandibular movement and muscle tension (determined through palpation of the masseter, temporal, frontal, sternocleidomastoid, suboccipital and trapezius muscles). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We measured fNIRS signals over left temporal and frontal channels with an interoptode distance of 3 cm, in one short optode distance (SOD) channel (1 cm) and electromyography (EMG) over the edge of the temporal muscle. (frontiersin.org)
  • Moyers investigated electromyograms of children with class II division I malocclusion and found dysfunction of temporal muscle in habitual occlusion and at rest. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Digital occlusal analysis system is currently the most powerful method of TMD clinics for treatment of patients with muscle pain dysfunction syndrome. (intechopen.com)
  • The temporal branch of the facial nerve provides the muscle with nerves. (healthline.com)
  • Maximum tetanic force in intact DPH muscle strips and recovery from fatiguing stimulation were measured. (hindawi.com)
  • Palpation of muscle and tendinous structures suggests that nociceptors in deep tissues are abnormally sensitive in FMS, but methods of controlled mechanical stimulation of muscles are needed to better characterize the sensitivity of deep tissues. (nih.gov)
  • Accordingly, force-controlled mechanical stimulation was applied to the flexor digitorum muscle of the forearm in a series of brief contacts (15 stimuli, each of 1s duration, at 3 or 5s interstimulus intervals). (nih.gov)
  • In this study, we examined the effects of IGF-1 stimulation on the PI3K-AKT/PKB pathway mediating proliferation of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) of IMA and SV origin and the specific contribution of phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) in regulating the IGF-1-PI3K-AKT/PKB axis under these conditions. (elsevier.com)
  • Pyloric muscles of the stomatogastric neuromuscular system of the lobster Panulirus interruptus produce highly deterministic (range, less than ±6% of mean amplitude) contractions in response to motor nerve stimulation with unchanging spike bursts containing physiological (5-10) spike numbers. (jneurosci.org)
  • Intracellular recordings of extrajunctional potentials (EJPs) evoked in these muscles by motor nerve stimulation revealed a large, apparently stochastic amplitude variation (range, ±36% of mean amplitude). (jneurosci.org)
  • We were therefore surprised when, in the course of investigating the response of lobster ( Panulirus interruptus ) pyloric muscles to motor nerve stimulation, we found that the electrical responses of the muscles [the extrajunctional potentials (EJPs)] had a large, apparently stochastic, amplitude component. (jneurosci.org)
  • Abnormalities in the temporal patterning of lower extremity muscle activity in hemiparetic gait. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Temporal muscle activity e.g., by clenching the teeth induces a large hemodynamic-like artifact in fNIRS measurements which should be avoided by specific subject instructions. (frontiersin.org)
  • Temporal muscle activity, e.g., by clenching the teeth is one major source of noise in fNIRS measurements. (frontiersin.org)
  • Most patients suffer from pain during mandibular movements, at rest, or on palpation of the muscles. (medsci.org)
  • and of the posterior deep temporal is of 24,93mm. (scielo.cl)
  • This muscle is part of the auricularis grouping, which also includes the auricularis superior and posterior muscles. (healthline.com)
  • In the temporal muscle , the activity was present in 23-36% while the masseter in 55% of cases. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Diaphragm function is a limiting factor for overall muscle performance, in as much as intense physical activity causes fatigue of diaphragm muscle even in healthy individuals of varying fitness levels [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • To understand how these transcription factors control diverse processes in muscle development, we have combined chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis with gene expression profiling to obtain a temporal map of Mef2 activity during Drosophila embryonic development. (nih.gov)
  • This come actual lack of activity or 'using' the muscle. (healthtap.com)
  • In conclusion, these results reveal a connection between Near focusing and increased muscle activity during dynamic changes in focus between a nearby and a far target. (diva-portal.org)
  • We uncover a differential effect of Notch, whereby high Notch activity is associated with stem/progenitor cell expansion in the mouse embryo, yet it promotes reversible cell cycle exit in the foetus and the appearance of an adult muscle stem cell state. (biologists.org)
  • Here we performed three experiments to investigate the contamination of fNIRS measurements by temporal muscle activity. (frontiersin.org)
  • In experiment 3, we screened a dataset of sound-evoked activity ( n = 33) using bi-temporal probe-sets and systematically contrasted subjects presenting vs. not presenting artifacts and blocks/events contaminated or not contaminated with artifacts. (frontiersin.org)
  • Robot-assisted walking vs overground walking in stroke patients: an evaluation of muscle activity. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Gait recovery is not associated with changes in the temporal patterning of muscle activity during treadmill walking in patients with post-stroke hemiparesis. (semanticscholar.org)
  • This temporal increase in MMP activity coincided with enhanced exposure of the unique HU177 cryptic collagen epitope. (utmb.edu)
  • Analyzing the muscle synergies of age-matched healthy elderly people ( $n = 12$ ) and post-stroke patients ( $n = 33$ ), we found that the same four muscle synergies could account for the muscle activity of post-stroke patients. (elsevier.com)
  • The anticipatory electromyographic (EMG) activity recorded in elbow muscles when catching a ball falling on the hand from different heights shows an early component and a late component ( Lacquaniti and Maioli, 1989 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Temporal coordination of this activity in the smooth muscle over large spatial fields (∼7 mm, longitudinally) was dependent on the ENS. (jneurosci.org)
  • The principle that the nerve supplying a joint also supplies both the muscles that move the joint and the skin covering the articular insertion of those muscles. (slideshare.net)
  • A branch of the masseteric nerve (6) is visible as it passes into the unnamed layer of muscle (4) described previously (64-4). (stanford.edu)
  • Todos os casos foram divididos em dois grupos pericôndrio da cartilagem tragal (grupo A) e fáscia do músculo temporal (grupo B). Na comparação dos grupos consideraram-se o gap aéreo-ósseo, pré e pós -operatório, e a condição da membrana timpânica . (bvsalud.org)
  • For instance, in rat mesenteric arterial smooth muscle cells, both ATP-dependent K + (K ATP ) channels and voltage-gated K + channels are inhibited by angiotensin II (ANG II) through both PKA and PKC, with the latter inhibition specifically mediated by the ε isoenzyme ( 10 , 11 ). (physiology.org)
  • Activation of the PDGF receptor on human arterial smooth muscle cells (SMC) induces migration and proliferation via separable signal transduction pathways. (rupress.org)
  • The authors describe a simple technique of restoring the temporal muscle to its origin by microscrew fixation. (thejns.org)
  • Ingesting tart cherry juice for 7 days prior to and during a strenuous running event can minimize post-run muscle pain. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Bending backward ), Pain in abdominal muscles. (homeoint.org)
  • However, no other signs are present except those involved in changes in occlusion intraorally such as pain, and the enlargement corresponds with the outline of the muscle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Drawing pain in limbs and abdominal muscles, as from taking cold. (homeoint.org)
  • With a frequency of 92%, pain in the temporal muscle was the most common symptom, followed by pain during mouth opening (89%) in both genders. (medsci.org)
  • TMJ pain at rest, pain in the masseter muscle, clicking, grinding, and anti-depressant use were significantly more frequent in females than males. (medsci.org)
  • Even if the hypertrophy is bilateral, asymmetry of the face may still occur due to unequal enlargement of the muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • A cellular memory mechanism aids overload hypertrophy in muscle long after an episodic exposure to anabolic steroids. (exrx.net)
  • Gene-based analysis of angiogenesis, mitochondrial and insulin-related pathways in skeletal muscle of older individuals following nutraceutical supplementation. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Electromyography revealed significant differences in the right and left masseter and temporal muscles at rest and during chewing among the three groups. (biomedcentral.com)
  • As regard the EMG analysis, significant differences were found in the cross-correlation, full-width percentage and center of activation values between groups, for all muscles investigated. (elsevier.com)
  • Diffusion differences were observed in muscles known to be involved in the exercise, while little change was observed in uninvolved muscles. (ismrm.org)
  • the triangular anterior process of the mandibular ramus, giving attachment to the temporal muscle. (drugs.com)
  • Extracranial signals are the main source of noise in functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) as light is penetrating the cortex but also skin and muscles of the head. (frontiersin.org)
  • In experiment 2, we screened resting state fNIRS-fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging) data of one healthy subject for temporal muscle artifacts. (frontiersin.org)
  • Our methodological approach to analyze the functional status of patients with LI due to spine disease with surgical indications, even in more complex conditions such as deformities, could allow to evaluate the biomechanics of the spine in the preoperative conditions and, in the future, to verify whether and which surgical procedure may either preserve or improve the spine muscle function during gait. (elsevier.com)
  • The upper temporal fenestra is between the postorbital, parietal, and squamosal. (tolweb.org)

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