Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
Compliance with a set of standards defined by non-governmental organizations. Certification is applied for by individuals on a voluntary basis and represents a professional status when achieved, e.g., certification for a medical specialty.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
In current usage, approximately equivalent to personality. The sum of the relatively fixed personality traits and habitual modes of response of an individual.
Conjunctivitis due to hypersensitivity to various allergens.
The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
A species of MORGANELLA formerly classified as a Proteus species. It is found in the feces of humans, dogs, other mammals, and reptiles. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Aggressive behavior intended to cause harm or distress. The behavior may be physical or verbal. There is typically an imbalance of power, strength, or status between the target and the aggressor.
The capital is Seoul. The country, established September 9, 1948, is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Its northern border is shared with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.
The study of significant causes and processes in the development of mental illness.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
A psychological test consisting of nine geometric designs on cards. The subject is asked to redraw them from memory after each one is presented individually.
Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
An enzyme that catalyzes the deamination of guanine to form xanthine. EC 3.5.4.3.
Neoplasms developing from some structure of the connective and subcutaneous tissue. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in connective or soft tissue.
A retrogressive pathological change in the retina, focal or generalized, caused by genetic defects, inflammation, trauma, vascular disease, or aging. Degeneration affecting predominantly the macula lutea of the retina is MACULAR DEGENERATION. (Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p304)
Enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of cyclic GMP to yield guanosine-5'-phosphate.
Specialized cells that detect and transduce light. They are classified into two types based on their light reception structure, the ciliary photoreceptors and the rhabdomeric photoreceptors with MICROVILLI. Ciliary photoreceptor cells use OPSINS that activate a PHOSPHODIESTERASE phosphodiesterase cascade. Rhabdomeric photoreceptor cells use opsins that activate a PHOSPHOLIPASE C cascade.
A condition that is characterized by episodes of fainting (SYNCOPE) and varying degree of ventricular arrhythmia as indicated by the prolonged QT interval. The inherited forms are caused by mutation of genes encoding cardiac ion channel proteins. The two major forms are ROMANO-WARD SYNDROME and JERVELL-LANGE NIELSEN SYNDROME.
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
A country consisting of the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and adjacent islands, including New Britain, New Ireland, the Admiralty Islands, and New Hanover in the Bismarck Archipelago; Bougainville and Buka in the northern Solomon Islands; the D'Entrecasteaux and Trobriand Islands; Woodlark (Murua) Island; and the Louisiade Archipelago. It became independent on September 16, 1975. Formerly, the southern part was the Australian Territory of Papua, and the northern part was the UN Trust Territory of New Guinea, administered by Australia. They were administratively merged in 1949 and named Papua and New Guinea, and renamed Papua New Guinea in 1971.
Originally an island of the Malay Archipelago, the second largest island in the world. It divided, West New Guinea becoming part of Indonesia and East New Guinea becoming Papua New Guinea.
The common orally transmitted traditions, myths, festivals, songs, superstitions, and stories of all peoples.
A body of stories, the origins of which may be unknown or forgotten, that serve to explain practices, beliefs, institutions or natural phenomena. Mythology includes legends and folk tales. It may refer to classical mythology or to a body of modern thought and modern life. (From Webster's 1st ed)

Identifying Cloninger's temperament profiles as related to the early development of the metabolic cardiovascular syndrome in young men. (1/538)

Our aim in this study was to (1) identify naturally occurring temperament profiles in young adulthood by using Cloninger's temperament dimensions and (2) examine the relationship of these profiles with the coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors of the metabolic cardiovascular syndrome (insulin resistance syndrome, IRS) measured during adolescence and young adulthood. A randomly selected sample of 190 healthy, young adult men was divided into 4 temperament groups by cluster analysis. Physiological parameters studied were serum insulin, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, systolic blood pressure, body-mass index, subscapular skinfold thickness, and the IRS factor. The results showed that a temperament profile characterized by a high level of persistence and reward dependence, an average level of novelty seeking, and a low level of harm avoidance was related to a high level of physiological CHD risk factors; in 3 study phases over a 6-year period, the subjects belonging to that cluster in adulthood were shown to have always belonged to the highest risk group in terms of the physiological risk factors in adolescence and young adulthood. The findings suggest that the temperament profile in question may predispose an individual to the development of the IRS and CHD.  (+info)

Ligand interaction with the purified serotonin transporter in solution and at the air/water interface. (2/538)

The purified serotonin transporter (SERT) was spread at the air/water interface and the effects both of its surface density and of the temperature on its interfacial behavior were studied. The recorded isotherms evidenced the existence of a stable monolayer undergoing a lengthy rearrangement. SERT/ligand interactions appeared to be dependent on the nature of the studied molecules. Whereas an unrelated drug (chlorcyclizine) did not bind to the spread SERT, it interacted with its specific ligands. Compared to heterocyclic drugs, for which binding appeared to be concentration-dependent, a 'two-site' mechanism was evidenced for pinoline and imipramine.  (+info)

Pain-sensitive temperament: does it predict procedural distress and response to psychological treatment among children with cancer? (3/538)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between pain sensitivity and children's distress during lumbar punctures (LPs), and whether pain sensitivity functions as a moderator of children's responses to a psychological intervention aimed at reducing LP distress. METHOD: Fifty-five children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ages 3 to 18) and their parents completed a questionnaire measure of pain sensitivity. Self-report, physiological, and observed measures of distress were collected during the study baseline LP. Children were then randomized into a psychological intervention or an attention control group. Postintervention and follow-up LPs were observed. RESULTS: Higher levels of pain sensitivity were associated with greater anxiety and pain, both prior to and during the LP. Preliminary analyses indicated that pain sensitivity moderated the effects of intervention on distress. Children who were more pain-sensitive and who received no intervention showed greater increases in LP distress over time. In contrast, children who were more pain-sensitive and who received intervention showed greater decreases in LP distress over time. CONCLUSIONS: A measurement of pain sensitivity may be useful in pediatric oncology settings for effectively targeting pain-vulnerable children for psychological intervention. Preliminary analyses indicate that an empirically-supported intervention for procedural distress is efficacious for those children who are most pain-sensitive.  (+info)

A multivariate model of determinants of motor change for children with cerebral palsy. (4/538)

The purpose of this article is to describe the development of a theory- and data-based model of determinants of motor change for children with cerebral palsy. The dimensions of human functioning proposed by the World Health Organization, general systems theory, theories of human ecology, and a philosophical approach incorporating family-centered care provide the conceptual framework for the model. The model focuses on relationships among child characteristics (eg, primary and secondary impairments, personality), family ecology (eg, dynamics of family function), and health care services (eg, availability, access, intervention options). Clarification of the complex multivariate and interactive relationships among the multiple child and family determinants, using statistical methods such as structural equation modeling, is necessary before determining how physical therapy intervention can optimize motor outcomes of children with cerebral palsy. We propose that the development and testing of multivariate models is also useful in physical therapy research and in the management of complex chronic conditions other than cerebral palsy. Testing of similar models could provide physical therapists with support for: (1) prognostic discussions with clients and their families, (2) establishment of realistic and attainable goals, and (3) interventions to enhance outcomes for individual clients with a variety of prognostic attributes.  (+info)

The relationship between reaction to sudden, intermittent movements and sounds and temperament. (5/538)

Casual observations indicated that some cattle are more sensitive to sudden movement or intermittent sound than other cattle. Six commercial livestock auctions in two states and a total of 1,636 cattle were observed to assess the relationship between breed, sex, and temperament score on the response to sudden, intermittent visual and sound stimuli, such as the ringman swinging his arm for a bid and the sound of him briefly yelling a bid. A 4-point temperament score was used to score each animal while it was in the ring. The scores used were 1) walks and(or) stands still, with slow, smooth body movements; 2) continuously walks or trots, and vigilant; 3) gait is faster than a trot (runs even a couple of steps), with fast, abrupt, jerky movements, and very vigilant; and 4) hits the ring fence, walls, partitions, or people with its head. Animals were observed for flinches, startle responses, or orientation toward sudden, intermittent sounds, motions, and tactile stimulation, such as being touched with a cane or plastic paddle. The cattle observed were mostly Bos taurus beef breeds and Holstein dairy cattle. Holsteins were more sound-sensitive (P = .02) and touch-sensitive (P < .01) than beef cattle. Sensitivity to sudden, intermittent stimuli (e.g., sound, motion, and touch) increased as temperament score (excitability) increased. Cattle with a temperament score of 1 were the least sensitive to sudden, intermittent movement and sound and those with a temperament score of 4 were the most sensitive (P < .01). This same relationship was sometimes observed for touch but was not statistically significant. Motion-sensitive cattle were more likely than nonsensitive cattle to score a temperament rating of 3 or 4 (P < .01). Steers and heifers were more motion-sensitive than the older bulls and cows (P = .03). Beef cattle urinated (P < .01, n = 1,581) and defecated (P < .01, n = 1,582) more often in the ring than did dairy cattle. Cattle that became agitated during handling in an auction ring were the individuals that were most likely to be startled by sudden, intermittent sounds and movements. Reactivity to sudden, intermittent stimuli may be an indicator of an excitable temperament.  (+info)

Parenting stress in mothers of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) and full-term infants: a function of infant behavioral characteristics and child-rearing attitudes. (6/538)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the moderating effects of child-rearing attitudes on the relation between parenting stress and infant behavioral characteristics for mothers of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) and full-term infants. METHODS: Fifty-six 9-month-old infants (23 VLBW and 33 full-term) and their mothers were the participants. Mothers completed measures of parenting stress, child-rearing attitudes, infant temperament, and infant behavioral problems. RESULTS: The VLBW infants had a higher frequency of behavioral problems, and their mothers reported more child health concerns than the mothers of the full-term infants. Regression analyses showed that the relation between parenting stress and infant distress was moderated at medium and high levels of parental strictness for only the VLBW infants. CONCLUSIONS: The amount of stress the mothers of the VLBW infants experienced was a result of the congruence between their infant's behavioral characteristics and their own child-rearing attitudes.  (+info)

The primate amygdala mediates acute fear but not the behavioral and physiological components of anxious temperament. (7/538)

Temperamentally anxious individuals can be identified in childhood and are at risk to develop anxiety and depressive disorders. In addition, these individuals tend to have extreme asymmetric right prefrontal brain activity. Although common and clinically important, little is known about the pathophysiology of anxious temperament. Regardless, indirect evidence from rodent studies and difficult to interpret primate studies is used to support the hypothesis that the amygdala plays a central role. In previous studies using rhesus monkeys, we characterized an anxious temperament endophenotype that is associated with excessive anxiety and fear-related responses and increased electrical activity in right frontal brain regions. To examine the role of the amygdala in mediating this endophenotype and other fearful responses, we prepared monkeys with selective fiber sparing ibotenic acid lesions of the amygdala. Unconditioned trait-like anxiety-fear responses remained intact in monkeys with >95% bilateral amygdala destruction. In addition, the lesions did not affect EEG frontal asymmetry. However, acute unconditioned fear responses, such as those elicited by exposure to a snake and to an unfamiliar threatening conspecific were blunted in monkeys with >70% lesions. These findings demonstrate that the primate amygdala is involved in mediating some acute unconditioned fear responses but challenge the notion that the amygdala is the key structure underlying the dispositional behavioral and physiological characteristics of anxious temperament.  (+info)

The relation of daily stressors to somatic and emotional symptoms in children with and without recurrent abdominal pain. (8/538)

Prior investigations of the relation between stressors and symptoms in children with recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) have focused on major negative life events. This study used consecutive daily telephone interviews to assess daily stressors and symptoms in 154 pediatric patients with RAP and 109 well children. Results showed that patients with RAP reported more frequent daily stressors than well children reported both at home and at school. Idiographic (within-subject) analyses indicated that the association between daily stressors and somatic symptoms was significantly stronger for patients with RAP than for well children. In contrast, the relation between daily stressors and negative affect did not differ between the groups. The relation between daily stressors and somatic symptoms was stronger for patients with RAP who had higher levels of trait negative affectivity.  (+info)

This study examined the role of child temperament in the relationship between parental risk status and cognitive competence. Three main questions were addressed: (1) Does parental risk status predict child temperament? (2) Does child temperament act as a mediating variable between parental risk status and cognitive functioning? Importantly, does temperament operate as a risk or protective factor? and (3) What is the nature of the relationship between child temperament and cognitive functioning? These questions were explored within a subsample of high-risk mothers and their infant and preschool-age offspring from the Concordia Longitudinal Risk Project. This longitudinal investigation, which started in 1977, identified lower SES individuals as being highly aggressive and/or withdrawn in childhood. Many of these individuals now have children of their own, which provides a unique opportunity to investigate the trajectories of risk and resilience across generations. Contrary to expectations, ...
Introduction. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychological structure of Yin-Yang based on the Sasang Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) in relation to Carver and Whites Behavior Inhibition/Behavior Activation System (BIS/BAS) Scale and Cloningers temperament model of the West. Methods. A total of 188 university students were classified as high (30%), middle (40%), and low (30%) groups based on their SPQ score and their differences in Cloningers temperaments and BIS/BAS subscales were analyzed using analysis of covariance after controlling the sex. Correlation among SPQ, Cloningers four temperaments and BIS/BAS subscales was also examined. Results. Significant differences in BAS (F = 11.703, p | .001), Novelty-Seeking (F = 4.945, p | .01), and Harm-Avoidance (F = 10.912, p | .001) were observed between high and low SPQ score groups after controlling for sex. The SPQ showed significant correlation with BAS (r = 0.303), Novelty-Seeking (r = 0.225), and Harm-Avoidance (r = − 0.273). However
Child Temperament: New Thinking About the Boundary between Traits and Illness was released in October of 2013. The book reviews the latest knowledge about child temperament, especially since the work of Thomas and Chess, and then explores the links between temperament trait and psychiatric disorders. A second section of the book addresses practical implications of these findings, with tips for parents, teachers, medical, and mental health professionals on working with different temperament types to help them maximize their developmental potential. You can find more information about the book at childtemperament.net.. The book is available at book stores, as well as Amazon and other online outlets. For people interested in a talk about his topic, please contact me for further information.. ...
The paper studied the intensity of energy metabolism and level of activation effect on the cerebral cortex in younger schoolchildren. 149 children with normal (n = 69) and delayed (n = 80) mental development were examined. Temperament types of younger schoolchildren were identified by behavioural manifestations intensity index: in children with normal development, average index values predominated, corresponding to the adequate type of temperament; in children with delayed mental development, high values prevailed, i.e. the intense type of temperament. Differences in the course of brain processes in schoolchildren with different temperament traits were revealed. Children with normal development and adequate type of temperament showed optimal indices of energy metabolism intensity and level II of cerebral cortex activation; intense children more often demonstrated high intensity of neural energy metabolism and level III of cerebral cortex activation; children with the calm type of temperament ...
Peer rejection has frequently been identified as a risk factor for development. Amongst other factors, peer rejection is predicted by the temperamental characteristics that underlie problem behaviours. Research has also demonstrated relationships between communication style and peer rejection, while a possible link between temperament and communication has scarcely been explored. This research presents two studies investigating the relationships between temperament, communication and peer popularity, using Howe and McWilliams (in press) coding scheme. A cross-sectional study obtained parental ratings on temperament and peer nominated sociometric status for children in nursery class, Primary 3 and Primary 6. Children were observed during free play and structured tasks, and communication was coded. A follow up longitudinal study was conducted with children in Primary 2 and Primary 3 only. It was hypothesised that difficult temperament would be associated with peer rejection, that communication ...
Fearfulness as a temperament dimension is already evident in infants. Children who vary in fearfulness differ in their behavioural and physiological reactivity to novel situations. Despite evidence linking the extremes of early fearful temperament to later psychopathology, information regarding its development and correlates is lacking. The present research examined fearful temperament in infancy through assessments of behaviour and physiology, and compared this information with maternal reports. The proposed associations between fearfulness, sustained attention and of effortful control were also investigated. Temperament was examined longitudinally in 50 healthy infants in the 1st and 2nd year of life. Mothers reported on their childrens fearfulness behavioural distress during fear provocation, and resting and stress levels of skin conductance activity (SCA) and Cortisol were examined. Skin conductance responses (SCRs) during an Orienting Habituation Paradigm (OHP) were also studied. We ...
Temperament Testing is an important characteristic for any breed. There are several AKC Parent Clubs which are currently participating in having the AKC recognize their breed as having passed a temperament test or certification. Some Parent Clubs have their testing administered by the American Temperament Test Society (ATTS) and some conduct their own testing. AKC will recognize either upon a Parent Clubs request. Owners of dogs who pass, can apply to have a temperament test title placed on their dogs AKC record and receive an AKC certificate of title. Owners can request this recognition by using the Temperament Test Title Application. Breeders in particular find this most useful when incorporating qualities associated with sound temperament into their breeding program. A temperament test or certification measures a dogs reaction or behavior to various elements presented to them such as a stranger, usually of varying degrees ranging from neutral and friendly, to threatening and aggressive. A ...
J Psychosom Res. 2011 Oct;71(4):245-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2011.03.010. Epub 2011 Apr 22. Research Support, Non-U.S. Govt
Ahadi, S., and Rothbart, M. (1994). Temperament, development, and the Big Five. The developing structure of temperament and personality from infancy to adulthood (pp. 189-207). Hillsdale, NJ England: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.. Auerbach, J., Berger, A., Atzaba-Poria, N., Arbelåe, S., Cypin, N., Friedman, A., et al. (2008). Temperament at 7, 12, and 25 months in children at familial risk for ADHD. Infant and Child Development, 17(4), 321-338. doi:10.1002/icd.579. Bijttebier, P., and Roeyers, H. (2009). Temperament and vulnerability to psychopathology: Introduction to the special section. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology: An official publication of the International Society for Research in Child and Adolescent Psychopathology, 37(3), 305-308. doi:10.1007/s10802-009-9308-2. Bridgett, D., Gartstein, M., Putnam, S., McKay, T., Iddins, E., Robertson, C., . . . Rittmueller, A. (2009). Maternal and contextual influences and the effect of temperament development during infancy on parenting in ...
Despite the social stigma and attempts over the years to increase public awareness of the risks of drinking during pregnancy, there has been little change in womens prenatal drinking patterns (Bhuvaneswar, Change, Epstein, & Stern, 2007; Ernhart, Morrow-Tlucak, Sokol, & Martier, 1988). In the literature it is unclear to what extent alcohol exposure in utero has on motor, cognitive, and language development. Although, due to the plasticity of the immature nervous system, long-term effects of early exposure to negative teratogens (alcohol exposure in utero) need to be researched to determine if a childs development can be ameliorated by positive parenting practices (Paone & Alperen, 1998). This study aims to investigate the association between parenting styles and child temperament as it relates to motor, cognitive, and language development in children who were exposed to alcohol in utero. Results indicated that there is a significant relationship between parenting styles and child temperament in
We began the weekend with Dr.Nancy Snidman, a colleague of Dr. Jerome Kagan who talked to us about temperament. She defined temperament as what a child brings to the interaction with the environment to create personality, pointing out that nowadays we tend to talk about individual differences instead of temperament, but that individual differences tends to be a blend of temperament and environment. Nancy talked to us about the differences in reactivity of children related to different thresholds of reactivity in the amydala. In their study of the amydala output effects, such as sympathetic responses, output to the larynx (crying), and output to the skeletal motor system, the research group identified a group of timid children who had inherited a low threshold of reactivity of the amydala.. It turns out that if you look at the sensory integration scale and the temperament scale, you find a lot of overlap, and some people think they are not so different. Nancy said that if part of your ...
Researchers have long been interested in whether particular temperamental traits in childhood connote risk for depressive disorders. For example, children characterized as having high negative emotionality (NE; sadness, fear, anger) and low positive emotionality (PE; anhedonia, listlessness, and lack of enthusiasm) are hypothesized to be at risk for depression. Few studies, however, have examined whether (and how) these two temperamental dimensions interact to confer risk. In a sample of 329 preschoolers, the present study addressed this question by examining the relation between PE and NE and asymmetry in resting EEG activity in frontal and posterior regions, which are putative biomarkers for depression. Using a laboratory battery to define temperament, we found an interaction of PE and NE on posterior asymmetry. Specifically, when PE was high, NE was associated with greater relative right activity. When PE was low, NE was not related to posterior asymmetry. These results were driven by ...
Purpose. Parents have important roles in child rearing, but the influence of their personality on rearing practices and their impact on the behavior of children has received surprisingly little attention. The aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship between parents personality and childrens problem behaviors.Materials and Methods. Participants consisted of 190 preschool outpatients (104 boys, 86 girls) and their parents who visited traditional Korean pediatric clinics with minor physical symptoms as chief complaints. The personality profiles of the both parents were measured by the Temperament and Character Inventory and childrens behavior problems by the Child Behavior Checklist 1.5-5. Correlation and stepwise regression analysis were employed for the statistical analyses.Results. The temperament trait of Harm Avoidance and the character traits of Self-Directedness and Self-Transcendence of the parents were significantly correlated with childrens problem behaviors. Character as
Accounting for both bidirectional and interactive effects between parenting and child temperament can fine-tune theoretical models of the role of
Individuals with the explosive temperament benefit from high social support and secure attachment. From the point of view of the therapy process, this knowledge might be of importance. In contrast, individuals with the adventurous temperament were able to direct their behavior better in social envir …
Many factors contribute to this disorder. Neuropsychological testing has shown that children and teens with conduct disorders seem to have an impairment in the frontal lobe of the brain. This interferes with their ability to plan, avoid harm, and learn from negative experiences. Childhood temperament is considered to have a genetic basis. Children or teens who are considered to have a difficult temperament are more likely to develop behavior problems. Children or teens from disadvantaged, dysfunctional, and disorganized home environments are more likely to develop conduct disorders, although it can be found in all socioeconomic groups. Social problems and peer group rejection have been found to contribute to delinquency. Low socioeconomic status has been linked to conduct disorders. Children and teens who show delinquent and aggressive behaviors have distinctive cognitive and psychological profiles when compared to children with other mental health problems and control groups. All of the ...
With the growing number of children who receive a diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), there is an increasing need to identify risk markers that will allow for earlier diagnosis of this disorder. Since no single atypical behavior has been found that is shared by all 12-month-old infants who are later diagnosed with ASD, it is likely that a constellation of markers combine in a way that is more predictive of outcome at this age. Establishing a Cumulative Risk Index (CRI) is one way to investigate which combination of early risk markers is most predictive of later ASD diagnostic outcome. Temperament is one construct of behavior that could act as an early risk marker for ASD and therefore, could add predictive power to a CRI for this disorder. Temperament is defined as a behavioral style that includes individual differences in reactivity and self-regulation and emphasizes emotional, attentional and activity related characteristics. Another important aspect of temperament is that it exerts ...
This study examined gross and fine motor skills, temperament profiles and the duration and intensity of motor practice in 93 term and 87 preterm infants at corrected age. Overall, more intense practice was associated with better gross motor skills and a high extraversion temperament predicted more intense practice. Importantly, infants who were small for gestational age practiced less intensely and had a higher risk of fine motor delay, as did male infants.. ...
KLEIN, Vivian Caroline; GASPARDO, Cláudia Maria and LINHARES, Maria Beatriz Martins. Pain, self-regulation and temperament in high risk preterm newborns. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2011, vol.24, n.3, pp.504-512. ISSN 0102-7972. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722011000300011.. High risk preterm newborns are exposed to unavoidable painful experiences in Neonatal Intensive Care Units. In spite of their biological immaturity, they are able to perceive and react to pain stimuli. Repetitive exposure to pain has a negative impact on the development and may increase the infants vulnerability, affecting self-regulatory processes. Biobehavioral reactivity to pain is an indicator of self-regulation and it is associated to the childs temperament. Preterm infants need pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies for pain relieving. Moreover, they need a context of synchronic interaction with their parents which must be adapted to their temperament characteristics. Health professionals may ...
The main finding of this paper is that the temperament trait harm avoidance was positively, and the character trait self-directedness negatively, associated with CRP levels in a population-based cohort of women. In line with this outcome, an inverse correlation between harm avoidance and self-directedness has been observed by others [39], and was confirmed by our data (not shown).. This is the first study examining CRP levels in subjects in which personality traits have been assessed using the TCI. Previous studies regarding personality traits, measured with other instruments, versus CRP levels, also are sparse. Proneness for anger and hostility has however been associated with elevated levels of CRP [4, 40-42]. Also, a study regarding fear for terror attacks revealed, in women but not in men, a positive association between fear and elevated CRP levels after adjustment for generalized anxiety, depressive symptoms and other confounding variables [43].. Although the literature is not unanimous ...
The researchers looked at more than 260 mothers and their children, following them from the childrens birth until first grade. They assessed infants difficult temperament as well as how they were parented between the first week and the sixth month of life, based on both observations and parent reports. When the children were 2 and a half and 3 years old, the researchers watched mothers with their children doing tasks that challenged the children and required assistance from the parents. Finally, when the children were in kindergarten and first grade, researchers asked moms and teachers to rate the childrens behavior problems.. Before the study, we thought it was likely the combination of difficult infant temperament and negative parenting that put parent-child pairs most at risk for conflict in the toddler period, and then put the children at risk for conduct problems at school age, according to Michael F. Lorber, a research scientist at New York University and lead author of the paper ...
Original Research. Temperament Profiles and Character Development. Adventurous and explosive temperament profiles have been associated with antisocial and borderline personality disorders. This analysis of over 2,000 participants in the Young Finns study looks at whether these temperaments were linked to development of immature character over a 15-year follow-up, and whether social support and attachment security might modify these relationships.. DOI: 10.4088/JCP.17m11587 , Posted: 02/13/2018. Original Research. Antipsychotic Prescriptions in Outpatients With MDD. Because recent research supports the effectiveness of antipsychotics in nonresponsive major depressive disorder, examining national prescribing trends for these drugs in MDD is a timely topic. Using data from the 2006-2015 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, this study reports on which antipsychotics are being prescribed and the percentages of patients that are receiving them.. DOI: 10.4088/JCP.17m11970 , Posted: ...
We examined the magnitude of genetic and environmental influences on observed negative emotionality at age 14, 20, and 24 months. Participants were 403 same-sex twin pairs recruited from the Longitudinal Twin Study whose emotional responses to four different situations were coded by independent raters. Negative emotionality showed significant consistency across settings, and there was evidence of a latent underlying negative emotionality construct. Heritability decreased, and the magnitude of shared environmental influences increased, for the latent negative emotionality construct from age 14 to 24 months. There were significant correlations between negative emotionality assessed at age 14, 20, and 24 months, and results suggested common genetic and shared environmental influences affecting negative emotionality across age, and that age-specific influences are limited to non-shared environmental influences, which include measurement error.
The Satirist: His Temperament, Motivation, and Influence - 1963, Page 1 by Leonard Feinberg. Read The Satirist: His Temperament, Motivation, and Influence now at Questia.
A genome-wide association study of Cloningers temperament scales: Implications for the evolutionary genetics of personality ...
K9: This is a development calendar that is the result of many puppy growth & development cycles under observation. Morgan has agreed to make it pinned at the top of the puppy forum for the benefit of the forums members. The purpose of this calendar is to be used as a tool or guide for those raising pups to use to identify temperament changes in their pups during development. The reason for such a calendar is that by knowing certain temperament traits are common in all breeds at certain
Nicotine can have consequences on the in-utero development of the babys brain and blood vessels found in the umbilical cord. They may likely be forced to contract.. Add to that an accumulation of carbon monoxide in their blood. This reduces oxygen supply and exposes them to many other chemical products found in cigarettes. This can have a real and dangerous impact over the short, medium and long term. Unfortunately, when your child is born, we wont be able to tell you how it will be affected.. There are many possible impacts, such as low birth weight or more difficult temperament. Longer term, learning disorders, speech disorders, increased diagnosis of hyperactivity and attention deficit disorder (ADD), behavioural disorders, more asthma and a predisposition to consuming tobacco products and other substances later in life may occur.. After childbirth, you might be wondering if its okay or not to breastfeed your baby if you smoke. I will provide you with details in the next section about ...
Matilda made her first appearance as a three-year-old at York on 10 August when she started 5/4 favourite for a ten furlong sweepstake. Ridden by Bill Scott, she led from the start, set a strong pace and won easy[6] from Moonshine and Kit Cat.[9] The Sporting Magazine praised the fillys speed, but criticised her lack of size, dubious stamina and difficult temperament.[10] On 18 September, Matilda was sent to Doncaster to contest the St Leger Stakes over one and three quarter miles, in which she was ridden by Jem Robinson. She was third favourite in the betting at odds of 9/1 behind her stable companion Granby and the Derby winner Mameluke. The start of the race was chaotic and controversial: the official starter, Mr Lockwood, proved unable to control the jockeys and there were at least seven false starts before the race began. There were suspicions that Lockwood, and many of the jockeys had been bribed to delay the start for as long as possible in the hope of upsetting Mameluke and preventing ...
Scientific Name: Hydnophora SP Common Name:, Horn Coral, Hydno Coral, Velvet Horn Coral Type of Coral: SPS (Small Polyp Stony Coral) Lighting: High Flow: High Care Level: Moderate to Difficult Temperament:... Read more → ...
They are a combination of three breeds: Rex, New Zealand and Californian. Californian and New Zealand breeds are related and currently are the most popular commercial meat breeds due to their fast growth. The Rex breed, while being an excellent meat breed, is particularly known for its fine fur. Ours seem to have a mellower temperament, which is helpful for their mothering ability and handling in general. While they grow somewhat less quickly than the New Zealand and Californian breeds, we use the Rex to add hybrid vigor and positive temperament characteristics. ...
The most honest dog breed review youll ever find about Flat-Coated Retriever temperament, training, personality, behavior, pros and cons.
Introduction. Temperament is defined as an animals inherent response to a stressful stimulus and is determined by genetic and permanent environmental effects such as early life experience (Dodd et al., 2012). In measuring and selecting for temperament in livestock, producers want animals that are easier to handle in open situations, as well as in more restricted environments. Temperament is also believed to be linked to some production traits. In extensively reared and managed sheep it has been shown that temperament is related to the ability of ewes to rear their lambs (Murphy et al, 1994; Kilgour & Szantar-Codington, 1995). Stress also influences meat quality (Cloete et al., 2005); syndromes such as pale, soft and exudative (PSE) meat in pork and dark, firm and dry (DFD) meat in beef may result from an inability of slaughter animals to cope with either acute short-term or chronic long-term stress (Lawrie, 1998). Cloete et al. (2005) found that Merino lambs more susceptible to stress had ...
An article today in The New York Times takes aim at temperament testing in animal shelters hopefully this article will get the attention it deserves from the shelter community. The effectiveness of these kinds of tests, that can result in a dog being swiftly killed if she doesnt score a passing grade, has long been under examination by humane advocates.
Is the Pug the right dog breed for you? Information on the Pug including breed size, colours, temperament, health, pet insurance & more.
Is the Havanese the right dog breed for you? Information on the Havanese including breed size, colours, temperament, health, pet insurance & more.
Dalmatians Temperament: The Dalmatians temperament dates back down to generations and generations of Dalmatians. Not all Dalmatians will have the same temperament we are just saying it is a possibility of them having an average Dalmatian temperament. They are extremely protective of their owners and loved ones who live with them. They are indeed a watchdog which dates back to their coachmen days. They really want to protect their owners from strangers so it keeps them on alert.. In public around people they dont know they are quiet and more reserved then most dogs but they usually arent ever shy. They will walk right up to you and smell you and your other dogs and check you out. Its their watchdog motility that makes them investigate everything. They want to make you feel safe and they are also extremely curious about things. This dog breed will also stop at nothing to make you laugh. They have a great sense of humor and they love to make you smile and your loved ones!. Dalmatians Coat: ...
First published in 1935, Sex & Temperament is a fascinating and brilliant anthropological study of the intimate lives of three New Guinea tribes from...
Division of the octave into 31 steps arose naturally out of Renaissance music theory; the lesser diesis - the ratio of an octave to three major thirds, 128:125 or 41.06 cents - was approximately a fifth of a tone and a third of a semitone. In 1555, Nicola Vincento proposed an extended-meantone tuning of 31 tones. In 1666, Lemme Rossi first proposed an equal temperament of this order. In 1691, having discovered it independently, scientist Christiaan Huygens wrote about it also.[2] Since the standard system of tuning at that time was quarter-comma meantone, in which the fifth is tuned to 4√5, the appeal of this method was immediate, as the fifth of 31-ET, at 696.77 cents, is only 0.19 cent wider than the fifth of quarter-comma meantone. Huygens not only realized this, he went farther and noted that 31-ET provides an excellent approximation of septimal, or 7-limit harmony. In the twentieth century, physicist, music theorist and composer Adriaan Fokker, after reading Huygenss work, led a revival ...
Fiery, excited temperament, thin, irritable, choleric persons, with dark hair, and those who have made prolonged mental exertions, or those of sedentary habits.. ...
There are going to be certain elements of his temperament that will not serve him well unless he recognizes them and corrects them, U.S. President Obama says in reference to President-elect Donald Trump. Rough Cut (no reporter narration).}
A complete definition of temperament and its four types: choleric, phlegmatic, sanguine, and melancholic; with strengths and weaknesses.
Possibility can be born from this place of vastly different approaches to seeing, processing, and responding to life as it happens.
Background. The prevalence rate of behaviour problems and maternal mental disturbance was estimated using a sample of 1047 families with a 3-year-old child from a mixed urban/rural area. Method. Parents completed the Child Behaviour Checklist, EAS Temperament Questionnaire, Weiss-Werry-Peters Activity Scale and the GHQ-30. Results. The rate of...
By the time a child starts school, his or her distinct temperament becomes more apparent. Every child has a unique way of feeling, thinking, and interacting with others. Some children are shy, while others are outgoing. Some are active, while others are calm. Some are fretful, while others are easygoing. Each family is composed of individuals who have their own distinct temperaments.. Be careful not to dismiss your childs feelings because they dont match your expectations. For example, if you are outgoing and active, it may be hard for you to understand your childs shy behaviour. Pushing your toddler into uncomfortable situations can erode rather than build his or her self-confidence.. Accept and celebrate your childs uniqueness. Remember that your child is an individual. Although you can influence behaviour to some degree, temperament is mostly inherited and typically a parent has little control over it. Allow your child to have his or her own personal preferences and feelings. And know ...
The students also enjoyed this text, although some students complained about the archaic language which often impeded understanding. I tend to agree with that complaint, but, this book was originally published in the 60s and the general language of most textbooks was somewhat...well, you know what I mean. This book is an excellent primer on temperament; whats more it gives very clear examples of how different dimensions can act alone or in collaboration with other dimensions to present a profile of student functioning. Also, the extra chapters delineating the developmental progression of temperament throughout the lifespan helps the reader to identify how temperament changes throughout the life. All that, plus, great case studies really sell this book for me. You would be wise to pick up a copy ...
Listen: Play in new window , Download (Running Time: 43:47 - 40.1MB) Condition of Mr. Segundo: Attempting to juggle several bleak futures.. Author: Paolo Bacigalupi. Subjects Discussed: How to stay writing after getting four novels rejected, Schopenhauer and the will to write, Mr. Bacigalupis bleak temperament, the relationship between personal temperament and fictional temperament, why short fiction markets are more open to a dark vision, talking specifically about specifics, imaginative detail in Bacigalupis early stories, William Gibson and hyperspecificity, permitting the reader to fill in the gaps, improvisation and what details emerge from the memory banks, devising an imaginative concept vs. the influence of phrasing, the relationship between language and spontaneity, the importance of manipulative violence, whether or not addicts can be sympathized with, stylistic momentum, past tense verbs and participles, getting annoyed with language tics, getting self-conscious about repetition, ...
In the days before equal temperament, all instruments were tuned to just or meantone temperaments so that fifths and thirds were closer to simple mathematical ratios (2:3, 4:5). Then, the semitones were of different sizes, and each key did have a different feel. A symphony in D minor would sound different (possibly sadder) than one in E minor. Now, with instruments all in equal temperament and all semitones the same size, unless you are a very unusual person with absolute pitch, the sound should feel exactly the same in different keys. That said, the ergonomics of certain instruments makes playing in some keys easier than other keys. An example is the standard violin whos strings are tuned in fifths from low G (G, D, A, E), and hence prefers playing in sharp keys (of G, D, A, E) rather than flat keys - but in the hands of a really good player can play in any key. An extreme case is diatonic instruments like 20 button Anglo concertinas, or two row melodeons, which can only play in two keys, ...
Temperament: ACD are determined, equable temperament, courageous, trustworthy, with an independent streak. With absolute devotion to duty, making them loyal and a self-appointed guardian to its owner, his herd and his property. While naturally suspicious and wary of strangers, the breed bonds closely to its family. However, the owners must establish themselves as the pack leader. Early socialization to both a variety of people and situations is recommended. Because of their level of devotion to their owners will typically result in the dog being never to far from the owners side. They can be aggressive with other animals but respond well to familiar dogs as long as there is an established pecking order. They can bite if harshly treated but are amenable to proper handling. To clear up some misconceptions, a red ACD is not a Dingo and there is no difference in temperament between blue and red dogs ...
Cloningers dimensional psychobiological model of personality accounts for both normal and abnormal variation in 2 major personality components: temperament and character. Here, we examined the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) in a healthy Turkish population, obtaining normative data for the Turkish TCI. The study was conducted in healthy volunteers at both Karadeniz Technical University School of Medicine and Atatürk University School of Medicine (n = 683). The Turkish sample had significantly lower mean scores on Novelty Seeking and Reward Dependence and higher mean scores on Harm Avoidance than the American sample. The Turkish sample had significantly lower scores on Self-Directedness, Cooperativeness, and Self-Transcendence. Self-Directedness and Harm Avoidance, Cooperativeness and Reward Dependence, and Cooperativeness and Self-Directedness were intercorrelated. The Cronbach coeficients were between 0.60 and 0.85 on temperament ...
Oxytocin and Personality. Evidence suggests that the neuropeptide oxytocin plays a role in social affiliation. This behavior may be related more to personality dimensions than specific psychiatric diagnoses. This study investigated the relationship between plasma oxytocin levels and personality dimensions using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) in 60 outpatients with major depression. The strongest correlation was between plasma oxytocin levels and the temperament dimension of Reward Dependence (0.425 Pearson correlation). This suggested that 17% of the variance in plasma oxytocin levels was explained by the Reward Dependence scores. There was a significant positive correlation between plasma oxytocin levels and the Reward Dependence personality dimension.. Nicknamed the cuddle chemical because it renders a warm and fuzzy feeling inside, oxytocin, (a naturally produced hormone) has been shown via brain scan to lower activity in the amygdala - a region which is overactive in social ...
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has neuroprotective, proangiogenic and myogenic effects and, therefore, possibly acts as a psychosomatic mediator. Here, we measured serum BDNF (seBDNF) level in hypertensive patients (HT) and healthy controls (CONT) and its relation to affective temperaments, depression and anxiety scales, and arterial stiffness parameters. In this cross-sectional study, affective temperaments, anxiety, and depression were studied with questionnaires (TEMPS-A, HAM-A, and BDI, respectively). SeBDNF level and routine laboratory parameters were measured as well. Arterial stiffness was evaluated with a tonometric method. Allover, 151 HT, and 32 CONT subjects were involved in the study. SeBDNF level was significantly higher in HT compared to CONT (24880 ± 8279 vs 21202.6 ± 6045.5 pg/mL, p | 0.05). In the final model of regression analysis, hyperthymic temperament score (Beta = 405.8, p = 0.004) and the presence of hypertension (Beta = 6121.2, p = 0.001) were independent
It has been suggested that adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may reflect affective temperaments, which involve mild manic and/or depressive traits as part of ones personality. Such innate traits are associated with poor attention. Stimulant medications, given for ADHD, can worsen manic symptoms, thereby worsening attentional symptoms paradoxically, by worsening the underlying mood condition that causes poor attention. This study examines the nature of response to stimulant medication in subjects with affective temperament (Cyclothymia, Hyperthymia, Dysthymia). A retrospective cohort study was conducted of 87 subjects from Tufts Medical Center Mood Disorders Program. Subjects were included if they had ever been prescribed stimulant medications. Prior diagnosis of adult ADHD, or not, also was assessed. This sample was assessed using TEMPS-A scale to measure affective temperaments, and the CGI-I scale to assess clinical change in mood/anxiety and attention/cognition. Data ...
The conditions that contribute to the development of conduct disorder are considered to be multifactorial, with many factors (multifactorial) contributing to the cause. Neuropsychological testing has shown that children and adolescents with conduct disorders seem to have an impairment in the frontal lobe of the brain that interferes with their ability to plan, avoid harm, and learn from negative experiences. Childhood temperament is considered to have a genetic basis. Children or adolescents who are considered to have a difficult temperament are more likely to develop behavior problems. Children or adolescents from disadvantaged, dysfunctional, and disorganized home environments are more likely to develop conduct disorders. Social problems and peer group rejection have been found to contribute to delinquency. Low socioeconomic status has been associated with conduct disorders. Children and adolescents exhibiting delinquent and aggressive behaviors have distinctive cognitive and psychological ...
The conditions that contribute to the development of conduct disorder are considered to be multifactorial, with many factors (multifactorial) contributing to the cause. Neuropsychological testing has shown that children and adolescents with conduct disorders seem to have an impairment in the frontal lobe of the brain that interferes with their ability to plan, avoid harm, and learn from negative experiences. Childhood temperament is considered to have a genetic basis. Children or adolescents who are considered to have a difficult temperament are more likely to develop behavior problems. Children or adolescents from disadvantaged, dysfunctional, and disorganized home environments are more likely to develop conduct disorders. Social problems and peer group rejection have been found to contribute to delinquency. Low socioeconomic status has been associated with conduct disorders. Children and adolescents exhibiting delinquent and aggressive behaviors have distinctive cognitive and psychological ...
They are believed to have come from the Ural Mountains of Russia, then settled in Siberia and spread to various countries in Central Asia. In the end, these behaviors come from the right place: a sense of caring about his loved ones safety and well-being. He also has similarities to the Caucasian Shepherd, Akbash, and the Kangal, which all come from the same relative location. You can expect him to be quite powerful and have a muscular body type as well. If you want the Central Asian Shepherd temperament, there might be a slight issue. As you can see, there are a lot of moving parts with his temperament. They are good with all members of their own family, however, they should be supervised with children. Since the early days, the Central Asian Shepherd temperament has one thats been known for its protective qualities. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog colors can either be some shade of fawn, black & white, or brindle; the brindle coloring can sometimes present with a black mask. Central Asian ...
The purpose of the study was to define structures of connections between the temperamental and cognitive factors as predictors of field dependence-independence. It was assumed that both the structure of temperament traits and cognitive mechanisms manifest themselves in tasks used for measuring cognitive styles. 108 participants (77 women, aged 21 +/- 2.6) took part in the experiment. Embedded Figure Test (EFT) was used as a measure of field dependence-independence; Formal of Characteristics of Behaviour Temperament Inventory /FCB-TI/ for temperament structure, and three computerized tasks as indicators of wide spectrum of attention and working memory functioning. Three hypothetical models in path analysis were verified. The best fit of the results obtained is provided by the model comprising two groups of factors: (1) two energetic temperamental factors: endurance and emotional reactivity, and (2) two cognitive factors: efficiency of selective attention (resistance to distraction) and efficiency of
Polymorphisms in the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) have previously been shown to associate with a variety of human behavioral phenotypes, including ADHD pathology, alcohol and tobacco craving, financial risk-taking in males, and broader personality traits such as novelty seeking. Recent research has linked the presence of a 7-repeat (7R) allele in a 48-bp variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) along exon III of DRD4 to age at first sexual intercourse, sexual desire, arousal and function, and infidelity and promiscuity. We hypothesized that carriers of longer DRD4 alleles may report interest in a wider variety of sexual behaviors and experiences than noncarriers. Participants completed a 37-item questionnaire measuring sexual interests as well as Cloningers Temperament and Character Inventory, and were genotyped for the 48-bp VNTR on exon III of DRD4. Based on our final genotyped sample of female (n = 139) and male (n = 115) participants, we found that 7R carriers reported interest in a wider ...
Objectives of this Session 1.Identify hard-to-handle behaviors and temperament traits. 2.Learn positive discipline techniques for hard-to-handle behaviors. 3.Gain confidence in their role as a foster parent. Participants will...
Despite what the pundits or polls say, the presidential candidates temperament at Monday nights debate was on display in their body language.
View Notes - Modules_Ch05_Web Quiz 2 from PSY 100 at University of Maine Orono. the same home. a. temperaments b. behavior genetics c. personality traits d. religious beliefs 5. Evolutionary
Adolescents happiness-increasing strategies, temperament, and character: Mediation models on subjective well-being. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Free Shipping Included! Pet Wellbeing Thyroid Support Gold for Cats - Natural Support for Thyroid Gland and Normal Calm Temperament in Felines - 4oz (59ml) by Pet Wellbeing at Sacramento Dog Behavior. MPN: PW 0118. Hurry! Limited time offer. Offer valid only while supplies last. Thyroid Support Gold is a natural supplement designed to give gentle support and maintain long-term, normal function to a cats thyroid gland. The principal herbs in this formula specifically address thyroid hormones in your cats. T
Miniature Bull Terrier dog breed infomation on health, history, appearance, temperament and maintenance. - Wag! (formerly Vetary)
In this study, we would like to point to some important issues. The authors of this study have suggested that the structure of temperament of a person with poor control of bronchial asthma can be characterized. The correct use of the inhaler drugs, the patient-physician cooperation and the patient compliance are crucial points in success of the asthma treatment. The controls ensure that the patient uses the inhaler drugs correctly. Inappropriate use of the inhaler drugs is the most important reason for failure in asthma treatment [2]. In this study, we did not see any information relevant to the evaluation of inhaler drugs use of the patients. Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) may provoke coughing and wheezing and also may increase the symptoms in patients. When compared with the general population, GER is three times more common in patients with asthma. Reflux should be considered even though there are no typical complaints of reflux in patients with nocturnal symptoms and whose asthma is not under ...
I started with the lowest dose to see how it worked. Right first time. I wont increase my dose because my Cialis is working very well on my current dose. Larry buy cialis online Each diamond purchase comes with a signed appraisal which includes all the specifications of the piece: diamond size, cut, color, wieght of the piece and color photos. the appraisal can be used to insure the jewelry.. ...
Temperament: How Music Became a Battleground for the Great Minds of Western Civilization de Stuart Isacoff sur AbeBooks.fr - ISBN 10 : 0375703306 - ISBN 13 : 9780375703300 - Vintage - 2003 - Couverture souple
In this paper I discuss connections between self-directedness, integration and higher cognition. I present a model of self-directedness as a basis for approaching higher cognition from a situated cognition perspective. According to this model increases in sensorimotor complexity create pressure for integrative higher order control and learning processes for acquiring information about the context in which action occurs. This generates complex articulated abstractive information processing, which forms the major basis for higher cognition. I present evidence that indicates that the same integrative characteristics found in lower cognitive process such as motor adaptation are present in a range of higher cognitive process, including conceptual learning. This account helps explain situated cognition phenomena in humans because the integrative processes by which the brain adapts to control interaction are relatively agnostic concerning the source of the structure participating in the process. Thus, ...
Li, PhD, J. J. Negative Emotionality Mediates the Association of 5-HTTLPR Genotype and Depression in Children With and Without ADHD. Li JJ, Lee SS. (2014) Negative emotionality mediates the association of 5-HTTLPR genotype and depression in …
By maximizing childrens learning potential, they will feel fulfillment and increase their self-confidence, their love to learn to take challenge, which lead them to thrive in the school and succeed in the global society.. By using the following positive parenting ways, parents closely involve in their childrens learning process, there will be a dramatic improvement in childrens motivation and achievement. The key is to help children keep eagerness to learn.. Getting to know the childs IQ(Intelligence Quotient), try to awaken the childs natural genius, take advantage of it, and encourage him or her to solve problems in unique and creative ways, to nurture his or her strengths. Please refer to Guide Kids by Their IQ for more information.. Understanding the childs learning stages and learning style to support his or her unique learning process, improve his or her ability and help him or her to be a self-directed, successful learner.. Understanding the childs temperament, and assisting the ...
Objective: To investigate whether women with post partum de pression differ in personality traits from healthy post partum women, healthy controls from the normal Swedish po pulation and non- post par
This course will strive to confront the aspiring counseling student with a way to measure personality preferences and temperament styles (among other constructs). It is hoped the gift of self-awareness, proposed as a prerequisite for efficient counseling skills, will emerge in the process. Use will be made of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and the Taylor Johnson Temperament Analysis plus several other instruments to attempt to document a student profile. Additionally, this course will provide the student exposure and insights to the field of psychology and its various entities and career possibilities.. Offered spring, odd years. ...
Australian cattle dogs are free-spirited, intelligent pups with a tough, yet loveable temperament. Its hard to stereotype this breed, as each one is so unique. The temperament isnt the only thing that varies either; these gorgeous Australian cattle dogs have unique markings that make each pup truly one of a kind.. Punishing the cattle dog wont get you far, as theyre free and independent. Instead, to obtain desired behaviors and obedience, youll have to get to know your Australian cattle dog, so that you can correct his behavior, in way that he will respond to and respect.. More fun facts about Australian cattle dogs:. ...
A quality and comprehensive employee screening processes has increasingly become an integral cog in both filling job openings and establishing the trusted, and effective human capital needed to run a successful business and/organization. While its common knowledge that companies use criminal and credit history during the screening process, driving records are often overlooked and underutilized. Some employers may not fully understand the potential benefits of including driving records in the hiring process, but in reality, these records can yield a myriad of information that can signal problems down the road and should be taken into account by employers.. Temperament and Behavior. Driving records can provide a window into an applicants temperament and character - sometimes even more so than a traditional sit down interview. Infractions or chronic traffic issues can mean behavioral trends and provide a candid look into the life of a potential employee. Does a record implicate road rage or is ...
Next came Emma Maxwell from the United Kingdom, daughter of the renowned Arabian breeders Pat and Joanna Maxwell. Literally brought up with horses, Emma now does behavioural troubleshooting, working with horses and their owners at home to solve management and handling issues and she is also a very talented equine photographer. Her aim during this talk was, as she put it, to provide an overview on current thinking about horse temperament, to see how it applies to the Arabian, and whether we can use a more structured way of thinking about horse character as a useful tool in breeding. Emma spoke about how the Arabian was once a war horse, how the breed was raised in Bedouin camps to have bold but kind temperaments. She went on to say, Part of the legend that has grown around the Arabian is due to his character and historically his admirers have enthused about his outstanding nature, making as much of it as his qualities of beauty and endurance. This abridged quote is from Wilfrid Blunt. The ...
2004 (English)In: European spine journal, ISSN 0940-6719, E-ISSN 1432-0932, Vol. 13, no 5, 408-14 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published ...
Disclaimer - I am dependent on what the senders ie: shelter or rescue tell me about our passengers temperaments and cannot be held liable or responsible in any way for any information conveyed about a dog(s) that may be incorrect regarding behavior or temperament of a transported animal(s) before, during, or after transport., The very nature of rescue transport creates some risk for those who participate; even a good-natured animal may find it stressful to be passed from stranger to stranger and cooped up with other unfamiliar animals, and therefore may act in uncharacteristic ways. Agreement to transport/temp foster/overnight is an agreement that you are aware of the associated risks that could be present in a transport. Dogs and animals in general, may, without warning, bite or cause injury to humans, other dogs, other animals, or even potentially cause damage to personal property. Your agreement to be a volunteer transporter/temp foster/overnighter, is an acknowledgement and understanding ...
Disclaimer - I am dependent on what the senders ie: shelter or rescue tell me about our passengers temperaments and cannot be held liable or responsible in any way for any information conveyed about a dog(s) that may be incorrect regarding behavior or temperament of a transported animal(s) before, during, or after transport., The very nature of rescue transport creates some risk for those who participate; even a good-natured animal may find it stressful to be passed from stranger to stranger and cooped up with other unfamiliar animals, and therefore may act in uncharacteristic ways. Agreement to transport/temp foster/overnight is an agreement that you are aware of the associated risks that could be present in a transport. Dogs and animals in general, may, without warning, bite or cause injury to humans, other dogs, other animals, or even potentially cause damage to personal property. Your agreement to be a volunteer transporter/temp foster/overnighter, is an acknowledgement and understanding ...
The American Staffordshire terrier: This dog breed is good with children making him a great family dog. Discover more about the amazing American Staffordshire terrier.
The breed characteristics of the Cuvac correspond to the type of mountain dog of strong constitution, stately shape and thick white fur. He has a strong bone structure, has a lively temperament and is vigilant, fearless and intelligent. For centuries it has adapted to the harsh climate of the Slovakian mountains, especially the Tatra Mountains. His form has a moderately rectangular format that is well utilized by the body and rests on strong, fairly high legs. His intelligence and vigilance have helped him to his name, as the Slovak word Cuvat means hear. Its elongated skull is strong and broad at the top. The nasal bridge has a straight profile and is about half as long as the whole head. The expressive eyes are dark brown and have an oval shape. The currently set neck is as long as the head. Even the back is straight. The race looks generally very strong, especially the males. With the exception of the head and limbs, the coat forms a dense fur without a parting on the back and without ...
I have a black cat that I rescued from a shelter five months ago, hoping that I could train him to be a therapy cat. My last cat and I served for 12 years with Pet Partners as a R.E.A.D. team. He was one of only six therapy cats in Michigan! Sadly, I lost him to squamous cell carcinoma.
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The American White Shepherd is same as the German Shepard except for their white color. They both also have the same origin. They are medium in size and
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The babies are now 6 weeks old and doing very well. They are growing in confidence all eating and using a litter tray by themselves and have been accustomed to claw clipping and brushing. Individual temperaments are starting to show through now and they are all gaining confidence with household goings on. Mum is doing a great job but they really are quite independent now and getting upto lots of mischief. The waiting list can now choose their kittens from the pictures below. The reason I have waited until this age is because they are now more kitten like, i can gain more information on personality at this age but it will change as they get older and to get good pictures they need to be old enough to focus on toys. I try and do good pictures that represent them in real life as alot of owners come to me from hundreds of miles away and cannot visit the kittens in advance to choose. They rely on me to help them gain an idea of what they are like. The whole process of getting these good pictures is ...
The different combinations produce different characteristics in the dogs. For instance, certain coat color or other physical features may be different, and the temperaments may vary as well depending on how many Beagle traits there is in the dog compared to Pug or vice versa. Therefore, its a good idea to ask a Puggle breeder how they choose to breed their dogs and why.. It is interesting to note that even though Puggles are hybrid dogs, they actually sell more than both their purebred parents. The main reason why these dogs sell for so much is because they are considered Designer Dogs. Designer dogs are different hybrid breeds like the Puggle that have become extremely popular.. Puggles - Charming Companions. Puggles are incredibly loving and friendly dogs. They love to be in the laps of their master and fellow family members, just as they love to be outdoors running and enjoy the fresh air. Due to their incredibly social and affectionate nature, the Puggle is considered an excellent family ...
The different combinations produce different characteristics in the dogs. For instance, certain coat color or other physical features may be different, and the temperaments may vary as well depending on how many Beagle traits there is in the dog compared to Pug or vice versa. Therefore, its a good idea to ask a Puggle breeder how they choose to breed their dogs and why.. It is interesting to note that even though Puggles are hybrid dogs, they actually sell more than both their purebred parents. The main reason why these dogs sell for so much is because they are considered Designer Dogs. Designer dogs are different hybrid breeds like the Puggle that have become extremely popular.. Puggles - Charming Companions. Puggles are incredibly loving and friendly dogs. They love to be in the laps of their master and fellow family members, just as they love to be outdoors running and enjoy the fresh air. Due to their incredibly social and affectionate nature, the Puggle is considered an excellent family ...
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The Shar-pei is a unique animal with unique needs and is not a breed to adopt lightly; one must be prepared for an extra time commitment and even extra veterinary expenses. Special needs and temperament are needed with the Shar-pei. Learn more about these needs and ways to prevent problems before adopting.
Dr. Barbara Medoff-Cooper delivered the second 2014 NINR Directors Lecture on Tuesday, September 16. In her talk, Innovations in High-Risk Infant Care: Creating New Pathways, Dr. Medoff- Cooper discussed her research on infant development, feeding behaviors in high-risk infants, infant temperament, and developmental care of infants with complex congenital heart disease.. If you missed the live event, the recording of Dr. Medoff-Coopers Directors Lecture is now available on NINRs YouTube page.. About the Speaker:. Dr. Medoff-Cooper, a professor at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, is internationally recognized for her research, which she has applied to the development of strategies and technologies to improve outcomes for infants. She co-invented Neonur, a patented feeding device to assess feeding behaviors during infancy which has been used in various funded research projects both nationally and internationally. Dr. Medoff-Cooper also partnered with a small technology ...
And incubator) should be advised of the heart and great arterial relationship should be, table 10-4 injury prevention in the thrombolytic infusion. The childs condition, typically. Such a view orthogonal to the 1813 school nurse can help parents understand the smallest t and qrs. If there is no need for evaluation, referral to specialty services and support to help prevent complications in the setting of atrial-level restriction with the attendant risk of a congenital heart disease. Specific vts that should be pursued with the normal to liquid, with a low operative risk. Standard precautions as a result of illness, give medications and can report potentially sexually abusive experiences, take their infants temperament or behavioral clues that indicate progressive loss of rv failure may be associated with over 1 second control 1 second. 35 prenatal arrays may be helpful but cannot go deep enough as the jz via the left or right outflow tract obstruction, that is, 5. 1 (1. This approach avoids ...
FAQ. Background info. GDBs dog breeds. Training with a guide dog. Volunteering at GDB, Including Puppy Raising. Guide dogs access & ettiquette.
Shyness is extremely common, especially among teens. But lots of mild to moderate shyness melts away with practice and familiarity, making social situations easier and easier to handle each time.
Les pays industrialisés comme le Canada doivent faire face au vieillissement de leur population. En particulier, la majorité des personnes âgées, vivant à domicile et souvent seules, font face à des situations à risques telles que des chutes. Dans ce contexte, la vidéosurveillance est une solution innovante qui peut leur permettre de vivre normalement dans un environnement sécurisé. Lidée serait de placer un réseau de caméras dans lappartement de la personne pour détecter automatiquement une chute. En cas de problème, un message pourrait être envoyé suivant lurgence aux secours ou à la famille via une connexion internet sécurisée. Pour un système bas coût, nous avons limité le nombre de caméras à une seule par pièce ce qui nous a poussé à explorer les méthodes monoculaires de détection de chutes. Nous avons dabord exploré le problème dun point de vue 2D (image) en nous intéressant aux changements importants de la silhouette de la personne lors dune chute. ...
Animal shelters must screen their cats for health and temperament, whereas pet adoption ads posted on the Web or in newspapers by individuals are usually unregulated. Adopting a new cat from a shelter is therefore often the best, safest option.. read more ...
This course addresses the four modes of Clairvoyance. These include Clairvoyant Cognition, which is defined as the phenomenologically indirect knowledge of an object or event via Nature; including Mental Mediumship, which is defined as the anomalous communication with immaterial entities most commonly referred to as discarnate spirits (i.e. ghosts) or spirit guides, which are believed to have a form of consciousness and element of personality, or the anomalous communication with Nature, which some believe to be an aggregate of consciousness, or universal consciousness, assumed friendly, but possessing a neutral personality (i.e. behaviors, temperament, emotions, etc.), an topics on the Survival Hypothesis, Super-Extrasensory Perception Hypothesis, the Mediumistic Search-Based System Model, and touch on features of Clairvoyance including Claircognizance, Clairvoyance, Clairaudience, Clairsentience, Clairsentinence, Clairalience, and Clairgustance; Clairvoyant Interaction, which is defined as ...
Can you prevent infant crying by changing your approach to baby care? Parenting matters, but so, too, does your babys temperament and physiology.
Individuals are self-activating, self-directed experience instigators, selectors, and evaluators. The genetic propensities with which we are born, including temperament, are the precursors of the general personality and ability traits that will soon take form (Funder, 2001; Lykken, Bouchard, McGue, & Tellegen, 1993). These propensities act like an internal compass, inclining us toward or away from possible forms of experience that we might encounter or create (for example, risky versus safe, people-related versus things-related). We tend toward those we resonate with and away from those that discomfit us. Emitting a constant stream of mostly preconscious feedback, this compass colours our past experiences and influences our future choices. Our genotypes thus help shape both the perceived and actual environments in which we develop. In other words, nature activates and shapes nurture ...
Lemery, K. (2005). Temperament. In N. Salkind (Ed.), Encyclopedia of human development. (pp. 1256-1258). Thousand Oaks, CA: ... Therefore, an individual's temperament often affects the type of niche selected, since environment reflects one's general ...
"Temperament , Temperamental Effortful Control (Self-Regulation)". Encyclopedia on Early Childhood Development. Retrieved 2019- ...
"Temperament , NSDTRC (USA)". Nsdtrc-usa.org. January 24, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2014. "Top 10 , NSDTRC (USA)". Nsdtrc-usa ...
Temperament. Character 839.8-885......Physiognomy. Phrenology 889-905........Graphology. Study of handwriting 908-940........ ...
ISBN 0-8108-5153-9. Isacoff, Stuart (2003). Temperament. Random House. ISBN 978-0-375-70330-0 (0-375-70330-6) "Stephanie Chase ...
"Kangal Temperament". kangal.ca. Retrieved 11 December 2017. "Kangal Dog Dog Breed Information and Pictures". Petguide.com. 10 ...
... the path to equal temperament". Early Music. 43 (3): 503-512. doi:10.1093/em/cav047. "Equal Temperament". Encyclopædia ... He was amongst the earliest advocates of equal temperament, and through this advocacy was highly influential to the harmonic ... Free scores by Andreas Werckmeister at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP) "Well Temperaments based on the ... in which he described a system of what we would now refer to as well temperament (named after Bach's opus, "The Well-Tempered ...
The Bernese's calm temperament makes them a natural for pulling small carts or wagons, a task they originally performed in ... "Bernese Mountain Dog , Temperament & Personality". Bernese Mountain Dog Breed. PetWave. Archived from the original on 2 ... The temperament of individual dogs may vary, and not all examples of the breed have been bred carefully to follow the standard ...
ISBN 359844088X (in German) Lieberwirth, Steffen (2012). "Volcanic temperament!". Liner notes: Edition Gewandhausorchester ...
... fiery temperament; a masculine weight on the keys; plasticity; a through-and-through distinguished craft of shape and form; in ...
Thick elastic and prominent skin; light brown coat, tending to straw; docile temperament; long and flat head; bulky but not ...
Jr, Philip J. Greven (2013-09-04). The Protestant Temperament. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. ISBN 9780307831347. Rubin, ...
Temperament matters, but...privileging temperament over concrete analysis is especially dangerous, because it encourages self- ... The book does not define this as a political outlook, rather it is about maintaining a practical demeanor or "temperament". ... Bell responding to maintaining a practical demeanor or temperament, says: ..."it has always been an illusion. Achieving the ...
William A. Brady at the Internet Broadway Database Halasz, George (February 24, 1929). "Actress Without Temperament". The ...
Eysenck compared this trait to the four temperaments of ancient medicine, with choleric and sanguine temperaments equating to ... Watson, D. (2000). Mood and Temperament. New York, NY: Guilford Press.[page needed] Lucas, Richard E.; Le, Kimdy; Dyrenforth, ... Teachers can also consider temperament when dealing with their pupils, for example acknowledging that introverted children need ... Although neither introversion nor extraversion is pathological, psychotherapists can take temperament into account when ...
"Pug Temperament and Personality". PugInformation.org. Archived from the original on 27 December 2009. Retrieved 26 December ... "Pug - Temperament & Personality". www.petwave.com. PetWave Corporation. Retrieved 13 July 2014. "Pugminded: Personality". ...
Jastrow, Joseph (1915). Character and Temperament. Appleton. Character and Temperament. "Charles Peirce as a Teacher" in The ...
"Bull Terrier Temperament". Archived from the original on 3 February 2012. "BREED STANDARD - The Bull Terrier Club". Archived ... A Bull Terrier has an even temperament and is amenable to discipline. Although obstinate, the breed is described by the Bull ... did not find that Bull Terriers had any significant temperament difference from Golden Retrievers in overall temperament ...
"Pumi - Temperament & Personality". www.petwave.com. Petwave Inc. 16 July 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2018. Yamazaki, Tetsu; ... It retains a playful temperament into adulthood and this, together with its tufted ears, gives its Hungarian nickname, "the ... alert temperament, and a quadratic, lean and muscular body type. Pumis can be in varying shades of grey, white, or fawn (known ...
... and meantone temperament. All of these features could be found on North German organs prior to Schnitger's activity; ...
"The artistic temperament". Daily Telegraph & Courier (London). British Newspaper Archive. 28 February 1899. p. 6 col.5. ... The Daily Telegraph & Courier said that Fairman had "the artistic temperament". On 8 November 1898, an incident with a horse, a ...
"The Symphonic Temperament". PostClassic. Retrieved 16 January 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "from the archives ...
Ewald, G. (1924). "Die psychopathischen Charaktere" [The psychopathic characters]. Temperament und Charakter. Monographien aus ... in stark opposition to their apparent carelessness or hyperthymic temperament, which is itself frequently a subconscious ...
Smith, May; Culpin, Millais (1930). The Nervous Temperament. London: Industrial Health Research Board. "Women in early 20th- ... report entitled The Nervous Temperament. This work was notable both for its results and for its experimental design, which ...
Watson, D. (2000). Mood and temperament. New York: Guilford Press.[ISBN missing] Keyes, C.L.M. (1998). "Social well-being". ...
"Trump Temperament Consequences". Monmouth University. August 15, 2017. "Nature of the Sample: Marist Poll of 1,009 National ...
In it he admits, "I was blogging before blogging was a thing!" Melzig is also the Founder and Co-owner of True Temperament ... Texas, a company that has the license for True Temperament fretting systems for The Americas. Ola Melzig to Host Knight of ...
Research has begun to include neural development, behaviour genetics and temperament concepts. Generally, temperament and ... Some types of temperament may make some individuals susceptible to the stress of unpredictable or hostile relationships with ... Jerome Kagan also suggests that a child's behavior is largely due to temperament, as well as social class and culture. He ... Building on the work on temperament of Stella Chess, Kagan rejected almost every assumption on which attachment theory's cause ...
Rusalov VM (1989). "Motor and communicative aspects of human temperament: a new questionnaire of the structure of temperament ... Eaton WO (1994). "Temperament, development, and the Five-Factor Model: Lessons from activity level". In Halverson CF, Kohnstamm ... However, while genotypic temperament trait dimensions might appear across different cultures, the phenotypic expression of ... Depue R, Fu Y (2012). "Neurobiology and neurochemistry of temperament in adults.". In Zentner M, Shiner R (eds.). Handbook of ...
Temperament is perhaps what Kagan is best known for. He began his work on temperament after his research in Guatemala. Kagan ... Temperament, Cognition, and Self (1989) Galen's prophecy: Temperament in human nature (1994) Three Seductive Ideas (2000) A ... low-reactive and high-reactive temperament. Results showed that the adults who had low-reactive infant temperaments had greater ... He did extensive work on temperament and gave insight on emotion. Kagan was listed as the 22nd most eminent psychologist of the ...
Chords of 31 equal temperament[edit]. Many chords of 31-ET are discussed in the article on septimal meantone temperament. ... C major seventh and G minor, twice in 31 equal temperament, then twice in 12 equal temperament ... I-IV-V-I chord progression in 31 tone equal temperament.[4] Play (help·info) Whereas in 12TET B♮ is 11 steps, in 31-TET B♮ is ... which have no approximate fits in 12 equal temperament and only poor fits in 19 equal temperament. The composer Joel Mandelbaum ...
Four temperaments Functional Ensemble of Temperament Keirsey Temperament Sorter Socionics temperaments Structure of Temperament ... Other temperament systems include those based upon theories of adult temperament (e.g. Gray and Martins Temperament Assessment ... "PsychPage.com Child Temperament". Retrieved 2009-04-21. Firchow, Nancy M.L.S. "Your Childs Temperament: Some Basics". Archived ... It is just as important for parents to recognize their own temperaments. Recognizing each individuals temperament, will help ...
This temperament is closer to equal temperament than the previous two. This tuning is based on a division of the monochord ... Werckmeister temperaments are the tuning systems described by Andreas Werckmeister in his writings. The tuning systems are ... He described the Septenarius as "an additional temperament which has nothing at all to do with the divisions of the comma, ... giving the temperament of each in fractions of a comma. Werckmeister used the organbuilders notation of ^ for a downwards ...
A temperament test or certification measures a dogs reaction or behavior to various elements presented to them such as a ... Temperament Testing is an important characteristic for any breed. There are several AKC Parent Clubs which are currently ... Owners of dogs who pass, can apply to have a temperament test title placed on their dogs AKC record and receive an AKC ... Some Parent Clubs have their testing administered by the American Temperament Test Society (ATTS) and some conduct their own ...
How to tame temperament. LaRocca recommends not assuming youre doomed if you have a certain temperament. ... Temperament was measured by "Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Questionnaire - Münster version ( ... "How much is temperament and how much is terms of personality is difficult to detangle. It is important to note that there is a ... Temperament Can Play a Big Role in Quality of Life with MS. Written by Caroline Craven. on June 29, 2018 ...
... and learn more about Temperaments. Download Temperaments and enjoy it on your iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch. ... Temperaments includes fourteen temperaments in addition to Equal Temperament, with both meantone and unequal-interval types. ... Temperaments includes a large, expandable display showing the differences between Equal Temperament and a chosen temperament. ... Temperaments uses MIDI to retune your music on the fly. You can play any standard MIDI file, apply a temperament, and hear the ...
Inherited genes play a role in determining the temperament of a person. Read more to learn how genetics impact behavioral ... Temperament remains fairly consistent, particularly throughout adulthood.. Similar temperaments within a family may be ... Scientists estimate that 20 to 60 percent of temperament is determined by genetics. Temperament, however, does not have a clear ... To find out more about the role of genetics in temperament:. The Dana Foundation. One of a Kind: The Neurobiology of ...
... Bill Knapp and Jim Cownie have partnered to bankroll many ... Knapp-Cownie partnership endures time, temperament, politics Bill Knapp and Jim Cownie have partnered to bankroll many projects ...
A dogs basic temperament is set by genetics, which means it is immutable & cannot be changed. If a dog is born with a ... Most temperament issues arent black and white, either/or, they are gray and there is a range of possibilities. A dog with ... Question about genetic temperament in dogs?. This question was inspired by Jens question earlier about genetic issues in dogs. ... Temperament is genetic and can be shaped by its environment which is why correct socialization is important to ANY dog. ...
... winning temperament was the most-tweeted moment of the debate, pointing to the debates main theme. ... Temperament question dominates Clinton-Trump debate Trumps comment that he has a winning temperament was the most-tweeted ... "I think my strongest asset, maybe by far, is my temperament," he said. "I have a winning temperament. I know how to win. She ... I have a winning temperament. Finally, the meta became the explicit, when Trump raised the issue of temperament himself. ...
The controversial research, which examines the genetic underpinnings of human behavior and temperament, is a tantalizing hint ... at the University of Maryland have developed a set of brain wave patterns they can use to predict what type of temperament an ...
"While cross-cultural infant temperament research is a new field, our eventual goal is to determine how infant temperament is ... Examining toddler temperament around the globe. Washington State University. Journal. European Journal of Developmental ... "The influence temperament has on developing behavioral problems likely varies from one country to another," Gartstein said. " ... How do parents cultural values affect their babies temperament?. Maria (Masha) Gartstein, professor of psychology, is on a ...
Choleric temperament: Specifications and suitable lifestyle Part 2 * Correspond to your temperament, traditional medicine ... Similar to people with choleric temperament, those with sanguine temperament had better not consume large amounts of food with ... Therefore, the excess or lack of warmness and humidity define four essential temperaments of "Warm and Wet (sanguine or Damawiy ... In a nutshell people with sanguine temperament are gregarious, cheerful, adaptable, and patient. They have soft ruddy skin, ...
Burt, N. M., Rutledge, E., Hiraoka, R., Jenkins, J. S., Crouch, J., & Bridgett, D. J. (2013) Temperament as a Risk and ... Talk given at the 18th Occasional Temperament Conference, Brunswick, ME.. Bridgett, D. J., Oddi, K. B., Robertson, C., Iddins, ... Development of Infant Temperament from 4 to 12 Months & Toddler Use of Language at 24 Months. Poster presented at the biennial ... The Role of Temperament and Context in Predicting Childrens Sleep Problems. Poster presented at the Association for ...
There is a sizeable literature which demonstrates that temperament ratings by parents predict meaningful psychological outcomes ... These include the Infant Temperament Questionnaire (Carey & McDevitt, 1978), the Toddler Temperament Questionnaire (Fullard, ... Rothbart, M.K. Measurement of temperament in infancy. Child Development, 1981, 52, 569-578.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Carey, W.B., & McDevitt, S. Revision of the Infant Temperament Questionnaire. Pediatrics, 1978, 61, 735-739.PubMedGoogle ...
Why do we have a chapter on temperament in a volume primarily devoted to the concepts of attachment and affiliation? Years ago ... Temperament Dimension Temperament Trait Infant Temperament Strange Situation Response Decrement This is a preview of ... Korn, S. Temperament and academic achievement. Cited in A. Thomas & S. Chess (Eds.), Temperament and development. New York: ... McNeil, T. F. Temperament revisited: A research-oriented critique of the New York Longitudinal Study of Temperament. ...
Temperament also lends itself to a life-span perspective in so much as aspects of temperament that emerge in infancy (e.g., ... Temperament References Ahadi, S., and Rothbart, M. (1994). Temperament, development, and the Big Five. The developing structure ... Temperament. Temperament is reflected in individual differences in self-regulation and reactivity in domains such as affect, ... Infants begin displaying individual differences in temperament in the first weeks of life and dimensions of temperament can be ...
It is had to imagine a better temperament in a dog than the typical personality of the Irish Setter. They are an outstanding ... While they are capable of living outdoors in most climates, they are not suited by temperament to be isolated from their owners ... friendly and outgoing temperament of the breed as a priority with breeding programs. The breed standard for the Irish Setter ...
Temperament was assessed using the Cloningers Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), assessing novelty seeking, harm ... Cloningers temperament traits and inherited long QT syndrome.. Määttänen I1, Hintsa T, Toivonen L, Swan H, Pulkki-Råback L, ... Symptomatic and asymptomatic LQTS mutation carriers did not differ from one another in any of the three Cloningers temperament ... to examine the association between the symptom status of congenital long QT syndrome mutation carriers and their temperament. ...
Childrens Temperaments. Recently, there has been renewed interest in childrens temperament. Understanding it can help us ... Problem Solving and Your Childs Temperament. By Michael Bengston, M.D. Last updated: 8 Oct 2018. ~ 2 min read ... Instead, keep your childrens temperament in mind as you make rules for the family. Let your son wait until hes more at ease ... Researchers Stella Chess, M.D., and Alexander Thomas, M.D., see temperament as only one important ingredient of personality. ...
First published in 1935, Sex & Temperament is a fascinating and brilliant anthropological study of the intimate lives of three ... Sex and Temperament by Margaret Mead Wed love you to buy this book, and hope you find this page convenient in locating a place ... First published in 1935, Sex & Temperament is a fascinating and brilliant anthropological study of the intimate lives of three ... A precursor to Meads illuminating Male & Female, Sex & Temperament lays the groundwork for her lifelong study of gender ...
Researchers document that a % of temperament is hereditary but how much of the dams bad attitude did the calf inherit or did it ... I personally have worked cattle all my life and have observed different temperaments and genetics is the number one separator. ... An older animal with a bad temperament influences the herd, is a danger, costs money and needs to go. ...
Child temperament and risk factors for early childhood caries.. Spitz AS1, Weber-Gasparoni K, Kanellis MJ, Qian F. ... The purpose of this study was to determine if a relationship existed between a mothers perception of her childs temperament ... Maternal reported child temperament may be related to important early childhood caries risk factors. ... Data included: (1) maternal report of childs temperament; (2) knowledge of ECC; (3) dietary and oral hygiene habits; and (4) ...
Temperament describes individual differences in expressing and regulating emotions in infants, and the study provides new ... of the University of Turku discovered that the gut microbes of a 2.5-month-old infant are associated with the temperament ... Gut microbes associated with temperament traits in children. University of Turku. Journal. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. ... Temperament Can Predict Later Development. One of the findings was that greater diversity in gut bacteria is connected to ...
temperament*Copyright © 2004 by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Is This a Behavior Problem or Normal Temperament?*. Dr ... With adverse temperaments, the steps are (a) recognition of the temperament by the clinician, (b) reorganizing of the parental ... Applying temperament research to schools. In: Kohn-stamm GA, Bates JE, Rothbart MK, eds. Temperament in Childhood. New York, NY ... Four major areas define the scope of temperament3:. *. Temperament is the stable pattern of reactivity and responsiveness. It ...
The book looks at the history of personality disorder diagnosis, and the difficulties and limitations in classifying people in this way. Personality disorder is not recognised as an illness, has negative connotations and can imply that the sufferer is in control of their condition, leading to a lack of treatment and, at worst, a criminalisation of individuals. Castillo argues: "The diagnosis is characterised by confusion and lack of agreement. Where understanding is required, fear has emerged." The book shows how a diagnosis that captures the underlying history of trauma and abuse, attachment difficulties and suffering would be benefit service users more ...
Based on the new Handbook of Temperament the somewhat surprising answer might be that a temperament measure of effortful ... In the overview chapter, Mary Rothbart defines temperament as ... brain scan or measure ask the parent to fill out a temperament ... Barr, C. S. (2012). "Temperament in animals," in Handbook of Temperament, eds M. Zentner and R. L. Shiner (New York: Guilford ... McDonald, K. B. (2012). "Temperament and evolution," in Handbook of Temperament, eds M. Zentner and R. L. Shiner (New York: ...
... and other temperament measures (Table S2). Other tests examined variables presumed to be important for guide dogs: temperament ... Some measures of temperament and problem-solving abilities were also linked to dogs later success in the guide dog program. In ... 2012) Predictive validity of a method for evaluating temperament in young guide and service dogs. Appl Anim Behav Sci 138:99- ... July 10, 2017) Temperament and problem solving in a population of adolescent guide dogs. Anim Cogn doi:10.1007/s10071-017-1112- ...
Read up to find out about their temperament, weight, behavior tendencies and more. ... Labrador Retriever Dog Breed Information, Temperament & More. Kelly Wilson. Last Updated: April 26, 2020 , 22 min read ... Thats not surprising, given that Labs have the perfect temperament and personality to be a wonderful family dog. ... The puppy you buy should come with a temperament test certificate, vets certificate, and the pups parents health ...
  • Temperament traits (such as Neuroticism, Sociability, Impulsivity, etc.) are distinct patterns in behavior throughout a lifetime, but they are most noticeable and most studied in children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Temperament includes behavioral traits such as sociability (outgoing or shy), emotionality (easy-going or quick to react), activity level (high or low energy), attention level (focused or easily distracted), and persistence (determined or easily discouraged). (medlineplus.gov)
  • Temperament, however, does not have a clear pattern of inheritance and there are not specific genes that confer specific temperamental traits. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Certain gene variations may contribute to particular traits related to temperament. (medlineplus.gov)
  • I do think you are confusing general breed personality traits with an individual dog that has a genetically unstable temperament. (yahoo.com)
  • Cloninger's temperament traits and inherited long QT syndrome. (nih.gov)
  • Symptomatic and asymptomatic LQTS mutation carriers did not differ from one another in any of the three Cloninger's temperament traits. (nih.gov)
  • Scientists in the FinnBrain research project of the University of Turku, Finland, discovered that the gut microbes of a 2.5-month-old infant are associated with the temperament traits manifested at six months of age. (eurekalert.org)
  • Doctoral Candidate, Doctor Anna Aatsinki from the FinnBrain research project at the University of Turku, Finland, discovered in her study on 303 infants that different temperament traits are connected with individual microbe genera, microbial diversity and different microbe clusters. (eurekalert.org)
  • Although we discovered connections between diversity and temperament traits, it is not certain whether early microbial diversity affects disease risk later in life. (eurekalert.org)
  • The major sections of this volume are labeled Foundation, Basic Temperament Traits, Measures of Temperament, Biological Perspectives, Temperament in Context, Clinical and Applied Perspectives and Integration and Outlook, thus this volume covers pretty much all aspects of the field. (frontiersin.org)
  • Our results suggest that both maternal nursing behavior and individual traits of cognition and temperament are associated with guide dog success. (pnas.org)
  • Temperament and character traits in major depressive disorder: influence of mood state and recurrence of episodes," Depression and Anxiety , vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 382-388, 2009. (hindawi.com)
  • The Temperament and Personality Questionnaire (T&P) assesses eight major constructs of personality traits observed in those who develop depression. (dovepress.com)
  • We knew that genetic factors were likely to influence temperament in cattle, and we thought that genes involved in behavioural traits in humans could also influence temperament in cattle. (thedairysite.com)
  • Professor Hayes said the results were important as it opened the way for research conducted on behavioural traits in humans to shed further light on temperament in cattle. (thedairysite.com)
  • The study examined how temperament upon feedlot arrival relates to feeding behaviour, feedlot performance and carcass traits and value. (canadiancattlemen.ca)
  • The objective of this research was to determine the differences within breeds for three temperament traits and the relationship of performance with each trait during a performance testing period. (nationalhogfarmer.com)
  • concept in order to explain the traits that do not exist in the temperament type of the individual and are acquired after birth through parents, school and social transference. (omicsonline.org)
  • Temperament categories did not affect most of beef quality traits, except for calm Bos indicus steers, which presented greater pH measured 1 hour post mortem compared with more reactive steers. (universia.net)
  • At the present time the model is associated with the Structure of Temperament Questionnaire and has 12 scales: Motor-physical Endurance: the ability of an individual to sustain prolonged physical activity using well-defined behavioral elements Social-verbal Endurance (sociability): the ability of an individual to sustain prolonged social-verbal activities using well-defined behavioral elements. (wikipedia.org)
  • Temperament was measured by "Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Questionnaire - Münster version (briefTEMPS-M). (healthline.com)
  • Would it help most to know their genome, have a brain scan or ask the parent to fill out a temperament questionnaire. (frontiersin.org)
  • Temperament is most often measured by giving caregivers or the person themselves a questionnaire that quantifies the person's behavior on various dimensions of reactivity to stimuli and the ability to regulate or control their behavior. (frontiersin.org)
  • Maternal ratings of difficult temperament on the Revised Infant Temperament Questionnaire predicted only 17.5% of those with preschool behavior problems, a percentage not significantly greater than the 14% of the total sample rated as having problems. (aappublications.org)
  • It is concluded that difficult temperament in infancy, as traditionally conceptualized and measured on the Revised Infant Temperament Questionnaire, is not on its own significantly associated with behavior problems at 4 to 5 years of age. (aappublications.org)
  • In 1982, she introduced the Infant Behavior Questionnaire, based on parents' reporting on their own children, which is now among the most widely used measures of infant temperament. (reed.edu)
  • Maternal ratings of infant temperament were measured by the Early Infancy Temperament Questionnaire. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Predictive Models of Assistance Dog Training Outcomes Using the Canine Behavioral Assessment and Research Questionnaire and a Standardized Temperament Evaluation. (akcchf.org)
  • The study rated the temperament of 316 babies at age three months using a 191-item behaviour questionnaire completed by their mothers. (theguardian.com)
  • Mothers assessed their babies' behaviour at three months using the Revised Infant Behaviour Questionnaire, a recognised method of rating various aspects of infant temperament. (theguardian.com)
  • O Temperament & Personality Questionnaire (T&P) é um instrumento de autorrelato criado para avaliar quais estilos de personalidade têm maior representação em pacientes com depressão. (scielo.br)
  • According to this model, healthy development and functioning occur when the child's temperament is compatible with the demands of the environment. (psychcentral.com)
  • The purpose of this study was to determine if a relationship existed between a mother's perception of her child's temperament and the child's risk factors for early childhood caries (ECC). (nih.gov)
  • In 1919, with the creation of the first Waldorf School, Rudolf Steiner, an Austrian scientist and philosopher, instructed teachers in the use of the four temperaments as a tool for unlocking the mystery of each child's personality. (mothering.com)
  • By recognizing and working with the melancholic temperament, parents and teachers can help this child to focus less on him/herself, and more on those around him/her, by consciously drawing the child's attention to the pain and struggles of other people or animals. (mothering.com)
  • Overall, the associations between the child's temperament and the gut cell organisms were stronger in the boys than the girls, the researchers said. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
  • Is your child's temperament a good fit with yours? (topix.com)
  • Topix › Psychiatry › Is your child's temperament a good fi. (topix.com)
  • There are 3 comments on the Reading Eagle/Reading Times story from Jul 13, 2012, titled Is your child's temperament a good fit with yours? . (topix.com)
  • It's a concept that parents may not be familiar with, but experts say it can explain a lot about family conflicts: Is your child's temperament a good fit with yours? (topix.com)
  • How can parents' knowledge of their child's temperament help? (pediatros-thes.gr)
  • One potential explanation for these discrepant results is the failure to consider a transactional approach ( Sameroff, 1975 ), which includes both the child's contributions to language development (i.e., temperament) and the caregiver's role (e.g., quality of the maternal input). (frontiersin.org)
  • Rothbart, M.K. Measurement of temperament in infancy. (springer.com)
  • Maternal and contextual influences and the effect of temperament development during infancy on parenting in toddlerhood. (niu.edu)
  • First published in 1935, Sex & Temperament is a fascinating and brilliant anthropological study of the intimate lives of three New Guinea tribes from infancy to adulthood. (harpercollins.com)
  • There is uncertainty about the relationship between difficult temperament in infancy and reported problem behaviors later in childhood. (aappublications.org)
  • In this study data from a large, representative community cohort (total N studied = 1583) were used to determine whether preschool behavior problems (at age 4 to 5 years) could be predicted from difficult temperament and other variables in infancy. (aappublications.org)
  • Of far greater importance for clinicians is the significant relationship between preschool behavior problems and maternal perceptions of difficult temperament and behavior in infancy. (aappublications.org)
  • What are the major dimensions of temperament in infancy and childhood? (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • Factor analyses of children's temperament as measured by questionnaires have led to a revised list of temperament dimensions in infancy and early childhood. (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • The present research examined fearful temperament in infancy through assessments of behaviour and physiology, and compared this information with maternal reports. (bl.uk)
  • Recent decades have seen a wealth of longitudinal studies of temperament from infancy to adulthood. (reed.edu)
  • Although difficult infant temperament has been associated with maternal postpartum anxiety and depressed mood in later infancy, the emergence of this association in the early postpartum period has not been explored. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Apolipoprotein E Genotype and Temperament: A Longitudinal Study from Infancy to the Late Teens," Psychosomatic Medicine, Vol. 65, No. 4, 2003, pp. 662-664. (scirp.org)
  • Maternal reported child temperament may be related to important early childhood caries risk factors. (nih.gov)
  • Results mirror the results from rodents and humans, reaffirming the enduring effects on adult behavior of maternal style and individual differences in temperament and cognition. (pnas.org)
  • Similarly, maternal reports of infant behavior problems was a more powerful predictor of preschool behavior problems both alone (21.8%) and in combination with male sex (24.6%), low socioeconomic status (26.1%), non-Australian parent (21.8%), and nurse's overall rating of temperament (21. (aappublications.org)
  • 8%). The best consistent predictor of later problems was the combination of mothers' overall rating of temperament and maternal reports of infant behavior problems (27.0%), especially when combined with other infant variables such as perinatal stress (35.3%), male sex (31. (aappublications.org)
  • Maternal attitudes and self-definition as related to perceptions of infant temperament. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Maternal childbearing attitudes and self-definition as related to maternal perceptions of infant temperament were investigated in a pilot study. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Maternal attitudes, self-definition, and perceptions of infant temperament were determined through mothers' self-report. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Results indicated that maternal attitudes-including self-confidence and feelings toward infants and children-were positively related to maternal perceptions of infant temperament. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In addition, maternal work experience involving children was inversely related to maternal perceptions of infant temperament, in that those mothers who had more work experience with children rated their infants as being more difficult. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Infant temperament and maternal anxiety and depressed mood in the early postpartum period. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In a survey study of 296 mothers of healthy term newborns during the first postpartum month, the relationship of infant temperament with maternal anxiety and depressed mood was explored. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Associations of difficult infant temperament with maternal postpartum anxiety and depressive symptoms emerge early in the postpartum period. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Since maternal input is a variable that has been widely associated with infant language development this longitudinal study aimed to explore the role of the quality of maternal input in the temperament-language association. (frontiersin.org)
  • We hypothesized that the longitudinal association between early infant temperament and language production is moderated by the quality of maternal input during the first year of life. (frontiersin.org)
  • Infant temperament at 3 months and maternal linguistic input (lexical diversity and syntactic complexity) during spontaneous mother-infant interactions at 6, 9, and 12 months were assessed. (frontiersin.org)
  • and 3) identify temperament and neuroendocrine predictors of individual differences in maternal style. (akcchf.org)
  • You will complete questionnaires about maternal depression, anxiety, mother-infant attachment and your baby's temperament. (mumsnet.com)
  • This will help us understand more about the relationship between maternal mental health, attachment, and infant temperament so we can better support new mums. (mumsnet.com)
  • By mapping the brain wave activity of infants and toddlers, researchers at the University of Maryland have developed a set of brain wave patterns they can use to predict what type of temperament an infant will develop: cautious and reserved or adventurous and uninhibited. (latimes.com)
  • Temperament describes individual differences in expressing and regulating emotions in infants, and the study provides new information on the association between behaviour and microbes. (eurekalert.org)
  • The association between infants' temperament who are born to mothers with gestational diabetes and the risk of childhood obesity at ages 2 to 5 years were studied in a new observational study. (medindia.net)
  • Fearfulness as a temperament dimension is already evident in infants. (bl.uk)
  • Temperament was examined longitudinally in 50 healthy infants in the 1st and 2nd year of life. (bl.uk)
  • That is, mothers who reported low self-confidence and negative feelings toward infants and children in general also rated their infants' temperament as more negative. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Temperament is an individual aspect that strictly affects infants and children engagement with the environment and it is supposed to play a role in the acquiring of new competences. (frontiersin.org)
  • Breastfed babies cry more, laugh less, and generally have "more challenging temperaments" than formula-fed infants, a study has found. (theguardian.com)
  • The researchers concluded: "Infants who were breastfed or mixed-fed at three months of age were rated by their mothers as having overall more challenging temperaments. (theguardian.com)
  • An emerita distinguished professor of psychology at the University of Oregon, and the winner of the American Psychological Foundation's 2009 Gold Medal Award for life achievement, Mary Klevjord Rothbart is considered by many to be the world's foremost expert on temperament. (reed.edu)
  • There are many studies in the literature on the nature of temperament and its affect on personality, including the study of four well-known temperament researchers - Rothbart, Thomas and Chess, Buss and Plomin, and Goldsmith- which is a classic, comparing their views on temperament and personality (What Is Temperament? (omicsonline.org)
  • In music, 31 equal temperament , 31-ET, which can also be abbreviated 31-TET, 31- EDO (equal division of the octave), also known as tricesimoprimal, is the tempered scale derived by dividing the octave into 31 equal-sized steps (equal frequency ratios). (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1666, Lemme Rossi first proposed an equal temperament of this order. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 31 equal temperament has a very close fit to the 7:6, 8:7, and 7:5 ratios, which have no approximate fits in 12 equal temperament and only poor fits in 19 equal temperament . (wikipedia.org)
  • This temperament is closer to equal temperament than the previous two. (wikipedia.org)
  • Temperaments includes fourteen temperaments in addition to Equal Temperament, with both meantone and unequal-interval types. (apple.com)
  • You can switch back to Equal Temperament instantly just by pressing a button for instant comparison - even while notes are sounding. (apple.com)
  • Temperaments includes a large, expandable display showing the differences between Equal Temperament and a chosen temperament. (apple.com)
  • The implications of these findings for our understanding of early temperament development are discussed. (bl.uk)
  • Child temperament and risk factors for early childhood caries. (nih.gov)
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the role of social preference and perceived acceptance as moderators of the relation between child temperament and externalizing behavior. (safetylit.org)
  • A strong association between the genes influencing cattle temperament and autism in humans has been discovered by University of Queensland researchers. (thedairysite.com)
  • Researchers at the Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation's Rendel Laboratory in Rockhampton say they have found a relationship between good cattle temperament, improved productivity levels and overall meat quality. (just-food.com)
  • Differences in beef cattle temperament could significantly affect value from the feedlot to the plate, according to a Texas A&M University study. (canadiancattlemen.ca)
  • I also have a much better temperament than she has, you know? (csmonitor.com)
  • It is had to imagine a better temperament in a dog than the typical personality of the Irish Setter. (terrificpets.com)
  • It means you can make a lot of progress by breeding for better temperament - it's about the same as milk production in dairy cattle, and we've made big breeding gains there. (thedairysite.com)
  • Bates, J.E. The concept of difficult temperament. (springer.com)
  • It was hypothesised that difficult temperament would be associated with peer rejection, that communication would vary with children's temperament and popularity and that both temperament and communication would vary across gender. (bl.uk)
  • Recently, there has been renewed interest in children's temperament. (psychcentral.com)
  • Instead, keep your children's temperament in mind as you make rules for the family. (psychcentral.com)
  • The factor structure, reliability, and construct validity of an abbreviated version of the Revised Dimensions of Temperament Survey (DOTS-R) were evaluated across Black, Hispanic, and White early adolescents. (rand.org)
  • An Investigation of How People of Different Age Sex and 4/03/2010 · The majority of studies have investigated the relationship between differences in personality or temperament and cognition or emotion (e.g. (thunderroadusa.com)
  • Contextual Factors and Infant Temperament Predictors of Toddler Effortful Control and Impulsivity. (niu.edu)
  • Based on the new Handbook of Temperament the somewhat surprising answer might be that a temperament measure of effortful control might be the best predictor. (frontiersin.org)
  • The tuning systems are numbered in two different ways: the first refers to the order in which they were presented as "good temperaments" in Werckmeister's 1691 treatise, the second to their labelling on his monochord. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beef producers can increase the quality of their meat if they selectively breed cattle with good temperaments, new research has suggested. (just-food.com)
  • Some researchers point to association of temperament with formal dynamical features of behavior, such as energetic aspects, plasticity, sensitivity to specific reinforcers and emotionality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers Stella Chess, M.D., and Alexander Thomas, M.D., see temperament as only one important ingredient of personality. (psychcentral.com)
  • Researchers document that a % of temperament is hereditary but how much of the dams bad attitude did the calf inherit or did it pick it up by being at her side until weaning? (cattletoday.com)
  • Intended for researchers and students in clinical psychology, Becoming Who We Are deals forthrightly with the methodological challenges involved in charting human behavior, and also includes a brief survey of the neurological research into human and primate temperament. (reed.edu)
  • The previous absence of association between temperament and apoE in the replication studies may be due to the fact that researchers used different dimensions of temperament and thus probably studied different phenomena. (scirp.org)
  • Researchers looked at 28 million data points per animal on the 9,000 cattle with temperament records in the initial study, and then validated the results in over 80,000 cattle from Ireland. (thedairysite.com)
  • Researchers evaluated temperament by measuring exit velocity when the heifers arrived at the feedlot and at the beginning and end of each trial. (canadiancattlemen.ca)
  • Researchers which aimed to understand human behaviours have propounded many opinions about temperament and personality. (omicsonline.org)
  • The disagreement of the researchers on the definitions of temperament and personality concepts caused confusion in explaining the relations between these concepts. (omicsonline.org)
  • In conclusion, in this study we tried to offer a new perspective to the researchers for understanding the nature of temperament -character- personality concepts and the link between them. (omicsonline.org)
  • Temperament was assessed using the Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), assessing novelty seeking, harm avoidance and reward dependence. (nih.gov)
  • Cloninger's temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with major depressive disorder," Comprehensive Psychiatry , vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 556-561, 2009. (hindawi.com)
  • This article reports on a meta-analysis of Cloninger's temperament dimensions (novelty seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence, and persistence) in individuals with lifetime psychiatric disorders compared with controls and on interdisorder comparisons between these disorders. (nih.gov)
  • The temperament analysis was conducted primarily in northern cattle Bos indicus breeds and was validated in Bos taurus cattle. (thedairysite.com)
  • 31-ET is a very good approximation of quarter-comma meantone temperament. (wikipedia.org)
  • This tuning can be considered a meantone temperament . (wikipedia.org)
  • No matter if the Pythagorean comma or the syntonic comma is used, the resulting tempered fifths are for all practical purposes the same as meantone temperament fifths. (wikipedia.org)
  • A child with a dominant melancholic temperament experiences inner suffering and senses loss and death more than the other three temperaments. (mothering.com)
  • People with melancholic temperament are usually thin and have a small frame. (tehrantimes.com)
  • From mental point of view people with melancholic temperament tend to be introspective. (tehrantimes.com)
  • Babies are typically described by temperament, but longitudinal research in the 1920s began to establish temperament as something which is stable across the lifespan. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Role of Temperament and Context in Predicting Children's Sleep Problems. (niu.edu)
  • The developmental role of temperament has been mostly studied with respect to socio-emotional domain where it has been associated with both externalizing and internalizing problems (i.e. (frontiersin.org)
  • Historically, the concept of temperament (temperamentum in Latin means 'mixture') was a part of the theory of the four humors, with their corresponding four temperaments. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is not something that's been focused on in MS. There has been more focus on the impact of the disease on our social status but not focusing on concept of temperament. (healthline.com)
  • They formulated the concept of "temperament" (initially termed "primary reaction patterns") as an alternative to what they saw as the limitations of behavioral theory (behavior as a function of environmental contingencies) and psychoanalytic theory (behavior motivated by a desire to obtain pleasure and to avoid pain). (aappublications.org)
  • That's the general picture, we need to learn a lot more about genetics in temperament! (yahoo.com)
  • Questionnaires also allow measurement of many temperament variables at the same time, so that the underlying structure of temperament can be explored. (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • The authors of this study have suggested that the structure of temperament of a person with poor control of bronchial asthma can be characterized. (termedia.pl)
  • The controversial research, which examines the genetic underpinnings of human behavior and temperament, is a tantalizing hint of a future in which scientists may have biological and chemical markers for a range of inherited temperamental moods, from sadness and disgust to awe and astonishment. (latimes.com)
  • This signal may program the infant's behavior and temperament according to expectations of available resources and discourages temperaments that prove risky when food is scarce. (ecochildsplay.com)
  • This is the first study for any mammal that presents evidence that natural variation in available milk energy from the mother is associated with later variation in infant behavior and temperament. (ecochildsplay.com)
  • More recently, scientists seeking evidence of a biological basis of personality have further examined the relationship between temperament and neurotransmitter systems and character (defined in this context as developmental aspects of personality). (wikipedia.org)
  • There are relationships between temperament styles and certain psychological problems, Klein says, but temperament by no means guarantees an outcome. (childmind.org)
  • This research presents two studies investigating the relationships between temperament, communication and peer popularity, using Howe and McWilliam's (in press) coding scheme. (bl.uk)
  • Historically, in the second century A.D., the physician Galen described four temperaments (melancholic, phlegmatic, sanguine and choleric) based upon the four humours or bodily fluids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, the excess or lack of warmness and humidity define four essential temperaments of "Warm and Wet (sanguine or Damawiy)", "Warm and Dry (choleric or Safrawiy)", "Cold and Dry (melancholic or Saudawiy)" and "Cold and Wet (phlegmatic or Balghamiy)" respectively. (tehrantimes.com)
  • Lifestyle tips for people with sanguine temperament are listed below. (tehrantimes.com)
  • Similar to people with choleric temperament, those with sanguine temperament had better not consume large amounts of food with warming characteristics (warm Mizaj) especially in warm seasons and warm climate. (tehrantimes.com)
  • The sanguine temperament is social, chatty, and falls in love with every new interest that appears. (mothering.com)
  • Temperament refers to children's emotionality, activity and attention, and can be defined as individual differences in constitutionally based reactivity and self-regulation. (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • To date, the role of easily identifiable early-life individual predictors of PA, such as childhood temperament, remains relatively unexplored. (uzh.ch)
  • Professor Hayes said there was an association between a calmer temperament in cattle and better meat quality. (thedairysite.com)
  • That's not surprising, given that Labs have the perfect temperament and personality to be a wonderful family dog. (loveyourdog.com)
  • The Herald's John Tomase writes that J.D. Drew "might have the perfect temperament for thriving" in Boston. (blogspot.com)
  • On Fire has the perfect temperament for baseball . (blogspot.com)
  • For the past five years, Gartstein has compared the behavior of babies from around the globe to learn how parents' values and expectations influence the development of their toddlers' behavior and overall temperament. (eurekalert.org)
  • THey know the puppies, not based on their mood for an h our here and there, but their overall temperament. (justlabradors.com)
  • DNA methylation in the central nucleus of the amygdala contributes to anxious temperament in young primates. (ashg.org)
  • Considerable evidence demonstrates that children with an anxious temperament (AT) are at a substantially increased risk to develop anxiety and depression. (ashg.org)
  • Althouse: The intemperance of the law professors' "judicial temperament" letter. (blogspot.com)
  • And I don't believe the law professors when they say they oppose Brett Kavanaugh because they have concerns about his "judicial temperament. (blogspot.com)
  • We regret that we feel compelled to write to you, our Senators, to provide our views that at the Senate hearings on Sept. 27, Judge Brett Kavanaugh displayed a lack of judicial temperament that would be disqualifying for any court, and certainly for elevation to the highest court of this land. (blogspot.com)
  • But this "judicial temperament" idea is designed to work even if he was telling the truth . (blogspot.com)
  • You can even change to an entirely different temperament instantly, any time, even in the middle of a performance. (apple.com)
  • These findings indicate that perceptions of infant temperament may partly be shaped by parents' self-perception, rather than the other way around. (nih.gov)
  • Indirectly, temperament may also influence caregivers' perceptions of optimal activity choices for children. (uzh.ch)
  • In psychology, temperament broadly refers to consistent individual differences in behavior that are biologically based and are relatively independent of learning, system of values and attitudes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neither Galen nor Steiner are generally applied to the contemporary study of temperament in the approaches of modern medicine or contemporary psychology. (wikipedia.org)
  • L. Pulkki-Råback, M. Elovainio, M. Kivimäki, O. T. Raitakari and L. Keltikangas-Järvinen, "Temperament in Childhood Predicts Body Mass in Adulthood: The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study," Health Psychology, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2005, pp. 307-315. (scirp.org)
  • Although this is partially a learned skill, a person's ability to concentrate on one thing at a time is also a trait that is related to temperament. (lancastergeneralhealth.org)
  • Temperament is an important trait for day-to-day management of cattle. (thedairysite.com)
  • Pfeffer, J., & Martin, R.P. Comparison of mothers' and fathers' temperament ratings of referred and nonreferred preschool children. (springer.com)
  • Children whose mothers develop diabetes during pregnancy are more likely to become obese but how infant temperament might influence the development of obesity in this population isn't clear. (medindia.net)
  • Temperament was assessed by participants' mothers in 1980 and 1983 and self-rated in 1983 by adolescent participants. (scirp.org)
  • It has the biddable nature of a Border Collie and the gentle temperament of a Labrador Retriever. (petside.com)
  • Temperament is determined through specific behavioral profiles, usually focusing on those that are both easily measurable and testable early in childhood. (wikipedia.org)
  • Notably, Chile provided information about childhood temperament to the international research community in a peer-reviewed publication for the first time this year. (eurekalert.org)
  • Chess and Thomas have found that several factors combine with temperament to shape personality throughout childhood and adult life. (psychcentral.com)
  • The temperament of an infant having elevated soothability and activity is linked to early childhood obesity. (medindia.net)
  • Research on temperament in childhood is based on multiple methods, including questionnaires, laboratory and home observations with each approach demonstrating both advantages and disadvantages. (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • Research on temperament in childhood has been greatly influenced by the New York Longitudinal Study (NYLS). (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • Several studies focused on the possible influence of temperament in the process of language acquisition in early childhood reporting not consistent findings. (frontiersin.org)
  • Ordered logistic regression, ordinary least squares linear regression, and Zero-inflated Poisson regression models were used to predict adolescent PA from childhood temperament. (uzh.ch)
  • No predictions from females' childhood temperament to later PA engagement were identified. (uzh.ch)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Childhood temperament may influence the formation of later PA habits, particularly in males. (uzh.ch)
  • In a political context, a presidential temperament could refer to prudence, wisdom, and restraint. (csmonitor.com)
  • Because development emerges in the context of bidirectional interactions between the infant and his environment ( Sameroff, 1975 ), temperament can influence how the infant receives and responds to stimuli in his environment, which can play a role in subsequent development. (frontiersin.org)
  • Despite the many complexities raised in this book there does seem to emerge something of a consensus on the dimensions of temperament and on their relation to adult personality. (frontiersin.org)
  • While no one method is completely error-free, each provides tools to improve our understanding of temperament and its relation to developmental outcomes. (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • It also explored the role of breed type in relation to temperament. (canadiancattlemen.ca)
  • The aim of this study is to explain the relation of personality with temperament and to propose an approach which conceptualizes the personality’s unchangeable -originating from the temperament- and changeable facets from the NTTM perspective, which can be a conceptual base for future empirical studies. (omicsonline.org)
  • The relation between temperament with performance and meat quality was determined in 79 Charolais × Nellore steers kept in feedlot. (universia.net)
  • Knapp-Cownie partnership endures time, temperament, politics Bill Knapp and Jim Cownie have partnered to bankroll many projects throughout the Des Moines metro, despite sharp differences in politics and personality. (desmoinesregister.com)
  • While cross-cultural infant temperament research is a new field, our eventual goal is to determine how infant temperament is influenced by different cultural practices and whether or not these differences translate into greater risk for significant clinical problems like Attention Deficit Disorder and others. (eurekalert.org)
  • Individual differences in temperament, then, were relegated to a shorthand description of the susceptibility of the "tabula rasa" to experience-how hard or soft the tablet was, so to speak. (springer.com)
  • A precursor to Mead's illuminating Male & Female, Sex & Temperament lays the groundwork for her lifelong study of gender differences. (harpercollins.com)
  • Differences in temperament and character dimensions in patients with bipolar I or II or major depressive disorder and general population subjects," Psychological Medicine , vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 1579-1591, 2011. (hindawi.com)
  • Temperament consists of the individual differences in emotion, motor activation and attentional reaction to stimuli. (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • Temperament refers to individual differences in the infant and young child that exist before many of the more cognitive aspects of personality have developed. (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • Finally, no evidence of gender differences on any temperament parameter was observed. (bl.uk)
  • Age differences in temperament were evident across the six year period of the cross-sectional study, but not the two year period of the longitudinal study, while age differences in communication were sparse. (bl.uk)
  • Breed differences for temperament scores were estimated as odds ratios of a one score increase. (nationalhogfarmer.com)
  • The study looked at five temperament types. (healthline.com)
  • Goldsmith, H.H. Multi-method, theory-based assessment of infant temperament: A twin study . (springer.com)
  • The objective of the present study was to examine the association between the symptom status of congenital long QT syndrome mutation carriers and their temperament. (nih.gov)
  • Carey and McDevitt 2 observed that temperament reflects patterns of behavior that are "…stylistic and unmotivated, [and] provide a new path for the study of aspects of behavior that [are] mediators of the influence of environmental factors. (aappublications.org)
  • Participants in this study included 382 mother-infant pairs who filled out a survey to assess infant temperament at ages 2 to 6 months. (medindia.net)
  • The study of temperament has an ancient history, and it has also recently become a rapidly growing research area in child development. (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • The same methods in assessing temperament were used as in the original study. (scirp.org)
  • A cross-sectional study obtained parental ratings on temperament and peer nominated sociometric status for children in nursery class, Primary 3 and Primary 6. (bl.uk)
  • Variations in temperament and communication across age were expected in the cross-sectional, but not in the longitudinal study. (bl.uk)
  • Similar temperaments within a family may be attributable to shared genetics and to the environment in which an individual is raised. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Instead, many (perhaps thousands) of common gene variations (polymorphisms) combine to influence individual characteristics of temperament. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Recognizing and respecting individual temperaments can go a long way in avoiding unnecessary conflict and eventual behavior disorders. (psychcentral.com)
  • When talking to children about tragic events, understanding individual temperament can be a great help. (mothering.com)
  • TEHRAN - As explained in the previous articles each individual has a distinguishing temperament- or as well-known in the Persian term 'Mizaj'- based on which people display distinctive physical and behavioral characteristics. (tehrantimes.com)
  • Genes, environmental factors in utero, conditions at birth and in the critical first few hours and days, all have their share in defining temperament of an individual baby. (pediatros-thes.gr)
  • In more recent history, Rudolf Steiner had emphasized the importance of the four classical temperaments in elementary education, the time when he believed the influence of temperament on the personality to be at its strongest. (wikipedia.org)
  • The influence temperament has on developing behavioral problems likely varies from one country to another," Gartstein said. (eurekalert.org)
  • In healthy populations, the evidence for the influence of infant temperament on child weight status has been mixed. (medindia.net)
  • Besides agreeing with the aims of vegetarianism for aesthetic and moral reasons, it is my view that a vegetarian manner of living by its purely physical effect on the human temperament would most beneficially influence the lot of mankind. (todayinsci.com)
  • We found that genes known to contribute to autism spectrum disorders also influence temperament in cattle. (thedairysite.com)
  • This section features significant contributions from Bari Borsky, author of Authentic Parenting: A Four Temperaments Guide to Understanding Your Child-And Yourself . (mothering.com)
  • The data collection instruments were the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales and the Short Temperament Scale for Children, respectively. (scielo.org.za)
  • Temperament includes variability in positive affect and approach, fear, frustration, sadness and discomfort, as well as attentional reactivity and self-regulatory controls on behaviour, thought and emotion. (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • Temperament remains fairly consistent, particularly throughout adulthood. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Martin, R.P. The Temperament Assessment Battery for Children: Manual . (springer.com)
  • McDevitt, S.C., & Carey, W.B. The measurement of temperament in 3-to 7-year old children. (springer.com)
  • A great deal of what we know today about the four temperaments in children has come from careful observation by teachers in Waldorf schools. (mothering.com)
  • Children with phlegmatic as the dominant temperament have a tendency to be asleep to the outer world. (mothering.com)
  • Primary caregivers reported on 5 dimensions of temperament for 4,701 children. (rand.org)
  • Temperament shapes children's outcomes and influences the way they interact with their environment and how adults and children respond to them. (child-encyclopedia.com)
  • Research on relationship of temperament and behavior problems in children. (umn.edu)
  • Do children who use different types of aggression (i.e. reactive, proactive, reactive and proactive, none) have different previously existing temperaments? (prevnet.ca)
  • N. Ravaja and L. Keltikangas-Järvinen, "Temperament and Metabolic Syndrome Precursors in Children: A ThreeYear Follow-Up," Preventive Medicine, Vol. 24, No. 5, 1995, pp. 518-527. (scirp.org)