Hospitals, Teaching: Hospitals engaged in educational and research programs, as well as providing medical care to the patients.Teaching Materials: Instructional materials used in teaching.Education, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Teaching Rounds: Systematic discussions and teaching relating to patient care.Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Faculty, Medical: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Problem-Based Learning: Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Models, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Education, Medical, Graduate: Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.Audiovisual Aids: Auditory and visual instructional materials.Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Clinical Clerkship: Undergraduate education programs for second- , third- , and fourth-year students in health sciences in which the students receive clinical training and experience in teaching hospitals or affiliated health centers.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Biology: One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Preceptorship: Practical experience in medical and health-related services that occurs as part of an educational program wherein the professionally-trained student works outside the academic environment under the supervision of an established professional in the particular field.Medical Staff, Hospital: Professional medical personnel approved to provide care to patients in a hospital.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Staff Development: The process by which the employer promotes staff performance and efficiency consistent with management goals and objectives.Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Internal Medicine: A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Professional Competence: The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Education, Nursing: Use for general articles concerning nursing education.Education, Distance: Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)Radiology: A specialty concerned with the use of x-ray and other forms of radiant energy in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.Hospitals, University: Hospitals maintained by a university for the teaching of medical students, postgraduate training programs, and clinical research.Education, Medical, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.Education, Pharmacy: Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.Remedial Teaching: Specialized instruction for students deviating from the expected norm.Faculty, Nursing: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a nursing school.Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Educational Technology: Systematic identification, development, organization, or utilization of educational resources and the management of these processes. It is occasionally used also in a more limited sense to describe the use of equipment-oriented techniques or audiovisual aids in educational settings. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, December 1993, p132)Ethics, Medical: The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.Pharmacology, Clinical: The branch of pharmacology that deals directly with the effectiveness and safety of drugs in humans.Multimedia: Materials, frequently computer applications, that combine some or all of text, sound, graphics, animation, and video into integrated packages. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)Generalization (Psychology): The phenomenon of an organism's responding to all situations similar to one in which it has been conditioned.Feedback: A mechanism of communication within a system in that the input signal generates an output response which returns to influence the continued activity or productivity of that system.Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Mentors: Senior professionals who provide guidance, direction and support to those persons desirous of improvement in academic positions, administrative positions or other career development situations.Histology: The study of the structure of various TISSUES of organisms on a microscopic level.Emergency Medicine: The branch of medicine concerned with the evaluation and initial treatment of urgent and emergent medical problems, such as those caused by accidents, trauma, sudden illness, poisoning, or disasters. Emergency medical care can be provided at the hospital or at sites outside the medical facility.Dentistry, Operative: That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)History of MedicineGeneral Surgery: A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Patient Simulation: The use of persons coached to feign symptoms or conditions of real diseases in a life-like manner in order to teach or evaluate medical personnel.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Community Medicine: A branch of medicine concerned with the total health of the individual within the home environment and in the community, and with the application of comprehensive care to the prevention and treatment of illness in the entire community.Education, Veterinary: Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Students, Pharmacy: Individuals enrolled in a school of pharmacy or a formal educational program leading to a degree in pharmacy.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Education: Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.Schools, Pharmacy: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of pharmacy.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Anesthesiology: A specialty concerned with the study of anesthetics and anesthesia.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.ManikinsCompetency-Based Education: Educational programs designed to ensure that students attain prespecified levels of competence in a given field or training activity. Emphasis is on achievement or specified objectives.Hospitals, AnimalAcademic Medical Centers: Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.Role Playing: The adopting or performing the role of another significant individual in order to gain insight into the behavior of that person.Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Programmed Instruction as Topic: Instruction in which learners progress at their own rate using workbooks, textbooks, or electromechanical devices that provide information in discrete steps, test learning at each step, and provide immediate feedback about achievement. (ERIC, Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1996).Great BritainEthicists: Persons trained in philosophical or theological ethics who work in clinical, research, public policy, or other settings where they bring their expertise to bear on the analysis of ethical dilemmas in policies or cases. (Bioethics Thesaurus)United StatesProspective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.Videotape Recording: Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Heart Auscultation: Act of listening for sounds within the heart.Hospital Bed Capacity, 500 and overCanada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Moral Development: The process by which individuals internalize standards of right and wrong conduct.Interdisciplinary Studies: Programs of study which span the traditional boundaries of academic scholarship.Clinical Medicine: The study and practice of medicine by direct examination of the patient.Hospitalists: Physicians who are employed to work exclusively in hospital settings, primarily for managed care organizations. They are the attending or primary responsible physician for the patient during hospitalization.Hospitals, Community: Institutions with permanent facilities and organized medical staff which provide the full range of hospital services primarily to a neighborhood area.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Humanism: An ethical system which emphasizes human values and the personal worth of each individual, as well as concern for the dignity and freedom of humankind.Prosthodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the restoration and maintenance of oral function by the replacement of missing TEETH and related structures by artificial devices or DENTAL PROSTHESES.Radiology Information Systems: Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of radiology services and facilities.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.Pediatrics: A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Pathology: A specialty concerned with the nature and cause of disease as expressed by changes in cellular or tissue structure and function caused by the disease process.Thinking: Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.Gynecology: A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the physiology and disorders primarily of the female genital tract, as well as female endocrinology and reproductive physiology.Physician-Patient Relations: The interactions between physician and patient.Endodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Group Processes: The procedures through which a group approaches, attacks, and solves a common problem.Education, Dental, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.Self-Evaluation Programs: Educational programs structured in such a manner that the participating professionals, physicians, or students develop an increased awareness of their performance, usually on the basis of self-evaluation questionnaires.Ethical Theory: A philosophically coherent set of propositions (for example, utilitarianism) which attempts to provide general norms for the guidance and evaluation of moral conduct. (from Beauchamp and Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 4th ed)Psychiatry: The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.Education, Professional: Formal education and training in preparation for the practice of a profession.Length of Stay: The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.CD-ROM: An optical disk storage system for computers on which data can be read or from which data can be retrieved but not entered or modified. A CD-ROM unit is almost identical to the compact disk playback device for home use.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Salaries and Fringe Benefits: The remuneration paid or benefits granted to an employee.EnglandMedical Audit: A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of medical care.LondonOnline Systems: Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Ethical Analysis: The use of systematic methods of ethical examination, such as CASUISTRY or ETHICAL THEORY, in reasoning about moral problems.Creativity: The ability to generate new ideas or images.Textbooks as Topic: Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate: A four-year program in nursing education in a college or university leading to a B.S.N. (Bachelor of Science in Nursing). Graduates are eligible for state examination for licensure as RN (Registered Nurse).Pathology Department, Hospital: Hospital department which administers and provides pathology services.Rheumatology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of inflammatory or degenerative processes and metabolic derangement of connective tissue structures which pertain to a variety of musculoskeletal disorders, such as arthritis.Microcomputers: Small computers using LSI (large-scale integration) microprocessor chips as the CPU (central processing unit) and semiconductor memories for compact, inexpensive storage of program instructions and data. They are smaller and less expensive than minicomputers and are usually built into a dedicated system where they are optimized for a particular application. "Microprocessor" may refer to just the CPU or the entire microcomputer.Ghana: A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.Orthopedics: A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.Education, Pharmacy, Graduate: Educational programs for pharmacists who have a bachelor's degree or a Doctor of Pharmacy degree entering a specific field of pharmacy. They may lead to an advanced degree.Personnel, Hospital: The individuals employed by the hospital.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.Ethics, Dental: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Geriatrics: The branch of medicine concerned with the physiological and pathological aspects of the aged, including the clinical problems of senescence and senility.Physical Examination: Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.Pharmacology: The study of the origin, nature, properties, and actions of drugs and their effects on living organisms.Tertiary Care Centers: A medical facility which provides a high degree of subspecialty expertise for patients from centers where they received SECONDARY CARE.Hospital Departments: Major administrative divisions of the hospital.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Awards and PrizesEducation, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform individuals of recent advances in their particular field of interest. They do not lead to any formal advanced standing.Accreditation: Certification as complying with a standard set by non-governmental organizations, applied for by institutions, programs, and facilities on a voluntary basis.Motion Pictures as Topic: The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.Problem Solving: A learning situation involving more than one alternative from which a selection is made in order to attain a specific goal.Obstetrics: A medical-surgical specialty concerned with management and care of women during pregnancy, parturition, and the puerperium.Students, Nursing: Individuals enrolled in a school of nursing or a formal educational program leading to a degree in nursing.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Philosophy: A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)Medication Errors: Errors in prescribing, dispensing, or administering medication with the result that the patient fails to receive the correct drug or the indicated proper drug dosage.Training Support: Financial support for training including both student stipends and loans and training grants to institutions.Personnel Staffing and Scheduling: The selection, appointing, and scheduling of personnel.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Dental Clinics: Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.Career Choice: Selection of a type of occupation or profession.Inpatients: Persons admitted to health facilities which provide board and room, for the purpose of observation, care, diagnosis or treatment.Nursing Education Research: Investigations into the problems of integrating research findings into nursing curricula, developing problem solving skills, finding approaches to clinical teaching, determining the level of practice by graduates from different basic preparations, etc.Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Periodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the histology, physiology, and pathology of the tissues that support, attach, and surround the teeth, and of the treatment and prevention of disease affecting these tissues.Comprehensive Dental Care: Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.Embryology: The study of the development of an organism during the embryonic and fetal stages of life.Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)Hospitals, Urban: Hospitals located in metropolitan areas.Fellowships and Scholarships: Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.IndiaOutpatient Clinics, Hospital: Organized services in a hospital which provide medical care on an outpatient basis.Peer Review: An organized procedure carried out by a select committee of professionals in evaluating the performance of other professionals in meeting the standards of their specialty. Review by peers is used by editors in the evaluation of articles and other papers submitted for publication. Peer review is used also in the evaluation of grant applications. It is applied also in evaluating the quality of health care provided to patients.Workload: The total amount of work to be performed by an individual, a department, or other group of workers in a period of time.Nursing Staff, Hospital: Personnel who provide nursing service to patients in a hospital.Internship, Nonmedical: Advanced programs of training to meet certain professional requirements in fields other than medicine or dentistry, e.g., pharmacology, nutrition, nursing, etc.Medicine in Literature: Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.Career Mobility: The upward or downward mobility in an occupation or the change from one occupation to another.Behavior Therapy: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.Education, Nursing, Graduate: Those educational activities engaged in by holders of a bachelor's degree in nursing, which are primarily designed to prepare them for entrance into a specific field of nursing, and may lead to board certification or a more advanced degree.Video Recording: The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).Bioethical Issues: Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.Evidence-Based Dentistry: An approach or process of practicing oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinical relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. (from J Am Dent Assoc 134: 689, 2003)Videodisc Recording: The storing of visual and usually sound signals on discs for later reproduction on a television screen or monitor.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Inservice Training: On the job training programs for personnel carried out within an institution or agency. It includes orientation programs.Consumer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.Psychology, Educational: The branch of psychology concerned with psychological aspects of teaching and the formal learning process in school.Hospitals: Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.BrazilReinforcement, Social: The strengthening of a response with a social reward such as a nod of approval, a parent's love or attention.Laboratories: Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.Pediatric Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Computer User Training: Process of teaching a person to interact and communicate with a computer.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Knowledge: The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.Specialization: An occupation limited in scope to a subsection of a broader field.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Bioethics: A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.Feedback, Psychological: A mechanism of information stimulus and response that may control subsequent behavior, cognition, perception, or performance. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Medicine: The art and science of studying, performing research on, preventing, diagnosing, and treating disease, as well as the maintenance of health.

Teaching pedestrian skills to retarded persons: generalization from the classroom to the natural environment. (1/3002)

Little attention has been given to teaching adaptive community skills to retarded persons. In this study, five retarded male students were taught basic pedestrian skills in a classroom- Training was conducted on a model built to simulate city traffic conditions. Each subject was taught five specific skills involved in street crossing in sequence, viz. intersection recognition, pedestrian-light skills, traffic-light skills, and skills for two different stop-sign conditions. Before, during, and after training, subjects were tested on generalization probes on model and under actual city traffic conditions. Results of a multiple-baseline design acorss both subjects and behaviors indicated that after receiving classroom training on the skills, each subject exhibited appropriate pedestrian skills under city traffic conditions. In addition, training in some skills appeared to facilitate performance in skills not yet trained.  (+info)

Teaching coin summation to the mentally retarded. (2/3002)

A procedure to teach four mild and moderately retarded persons to sum the value of coin combinations was tested. Subjects were first taught to count a single target coin, and then to sum that coin in combination with coins previously trained. Five American coins and various combinations were trained. Modelling, modelling with subject participation, and independent counting by the subject constituted the training sequence. The subjects improved from a mean pretest score of 29% to 92% correct at posttest. A four-week followup score showed a mean of 79% correct. A multiple-baseline design suggested that improvement in coin-counting performance occurred only after the coin was trained. The results indicate that this procedure has potential for teaching the retarded to sum combinations of coinds in 5 to 6 hr of instruction.  (+info)

Do case studies mislead about the nature of reality? (3/3002)

This paper attempts a partial, critical look at the construction and use of case studies in ethics education. It argues that the authors and users of case studies are often insufficiently aware of the literary nature of these artefacts: this may lead to some confusion between fiction and reality. Issues of the nature of the genre, the fictional, story-constructing aspect of case studies, the nature of authorship, and the purposes and uses of case studies as "texts" are outlined and discussed. The paper concludes with some critical questions that can be applied to the construction and use of case studies in the light of the foregoing analysis.  (+info)

Do studies of the nature of cases mislead about the reality of cases? A response to Pattison et al. (4/3002)

This article questions whether many are misled by current case studies. Three broad types of style of case study are described. A stark style, based on medical case studies, a fictionalised style in reaction, and a personal statement made in discussion groups by an original protagonist. Only the second type fits Pattison's category. Language remains an important issue, but to be examined as the case is lived in discussion rather than as a potentially reductionist study of the case as text.  (+info)

The contribution of interagency collaboration to the promotion of young people's sexual health. (5/3002)

This paper employs a case study approach in order to examine the contribution of interagency working to the delivery of education and services in the difficult field of young people's sexual health. It reports on a collaborative UK initiative involving teachers, community health practitioners, health promotion staff, and youth and community workers. The provision included school-based sex education, drop-in advice and information facilities, 'detached' street work, and a young person's clinic. A qualitative study was completed involving detailed interviews with 25 staff from the different agencies involved. The findings suggest that interagency collaboration can enhance the work of each organization, and can achieve a comprehensive response to young people's sexual health needs by making positive use of the distinctive roles, skills, knowledge and approaches of the different agencies. The potential that such a collaboration will have a significant impact on young people's sexual health is discussed.  (+info)

Randomized controlled trial of teaching practice nurses to carry out structured assessments of patients receiving depot antipsychotic injections. (6/3002)

BACKGROUND: A third of patients with schizophrenia are out of contact with secondary services. Many of these patients receive maintenance medication as depot antipsychotics from practice nurses, most of whom have negligible training in mental health. AIM: To examine the impact of a structured assessment on the process of care and clinical status of schizophrenia patients by practice nurses who received a one-day training course. METHOD: All identified patients were randomly allocated to structured assessments and outcome, measured by the number of assessments and the changes in care recorded in primary care notes. A comprehensive assessment of clinical and social functioning and level of unmet need in intervention and control patients was carried out after one year by an independent researcher. RESULTS: A high rate of consultation and clinical need in this patient group was demonstrated. Practice nurses were more diligent in carrying out assessments than general practitioners (GPs), but there was no impact on treatment patterns or clinical outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Structured assessments by practice nurses are feasible with this patient group, but training, targeted at both nurses and GPs, is needed if this intervention is to translate into health gain.  (+info)

Comparing ambulatory preceptors' and students' perceptions of educational planning. (7/3002)

To compare ambulatory preceptors' and students' perceptions of the use of educational planning (setting goals, assessing needs, formulating objectives, choosing methods, and providing feedback and evaluation) in the office setting, we mailed a survey, which was returned by 127 longitudinal ambulatory preceptors and 168 first-year and second-year medical students. Faculty perceptions did not match student perceptions of what occurred in the longitudinal preceptor program teaching sessions in educational planning areas. Students perceived these activities were occurring with much less frequency than faculty perceived. Medical education needs to move beyond the usual faculty development workshop paradigm to a more comprehensive educational development model that includes training both faculty and students in core educational skills. This will enable the ambulatory setting to reach its full educational potential in training future physicians.  (+info)

Critical appraisal using the READER method: a workshop-based controlled trial. (8/3002)

BACKGROUND: Critical reading is an important skill for those trying to practice evidence-based medicine. There are a number of recognized structures for critical reading, including the READER model. These methods should be subjected to high-quality studies. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the READER method in a practical teaching setting using the highest quality research methodology. METHODS: We carried out a modified randomized controlled trial. Two groups of GP trainers were invited to appraise critically the two articles using either the READER acronym or a semi-structured free appraisal. RESULTS: Of 99 participants in the workshop, 92 completed the study. One-third of participants (33.7%) read more than five articles per month and those who had been in practice the longest read fewer articles (P<0.05). Both groups attributed the lowest score to paper 2. The median total scores were higher using the READER method, although only significant for paper 2 (P<0.05). The median score attributed to the methodology was lower using the READER method than the free appraisal, although this difference was only significant for paper 1 (P<0.05). Overall, 51% (70% of the READER group) believed that taking part in the exercise would encourage them to be more critical of published articles in the future. CONCLUSION: Those using the READER method attributed a higher total score, but were more critical of the methodology than those using a free appraisal. Participants found the study useful and believed that it would be of help in future critical appraisal. The study raises interesting questions about the relative importance to GPs of methodological rigour compared with other factors when evaluating research papers.  (+info)

  • In 2018 the award was presented to Dr James Betts, Department for Health, for his enthusiastic and inspirational approach to teaching, as well as his achievement in encouraging students to gain first-hand experience of research. (
  • In 2018 the award was presented to Dr Cassie Wilson, Associate Dean (Learning and Teaching) of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, for the dedication she brings to student feedback, her research-led approach to teaching, and her contributions to curriculum design. (
  • In addition to teaching a range of age groups and abilities, a career in teaching will involve providing pastoral care, trying new innovative techniques to further improve progress, planning lessons, and marking students' work and assessments. (
  • Our assumption is that if we can build the strength and capacity of our teaching artists, we will also increase the quality of their impact on students' lives and education. (
  • That means that in every class I teach I deploy time and assignments to enable students to find for themselves what they think a particular text amounts to, and to show me by careful and consistent argument how they arrived at that reading. (
  • My teaching of active reading begins from my understanding of what prevents students from reading actively in the first place. (
  • Teaching at the Tap Room is a chance for faculty and graduate students to come together to discuss pedagogical issues with experts and peers alike, while enjoying drinks and refreshments in an informal and relaxed setting. (
  • Distinguished teachers from both countries range widely across narrative topics and genres, including the opportunities opened up by new technologies, and chapters articulate students' own individual and collaborative experiences in the teaching/learning process. (
  • Teaching Students. (
  • In addition to supporting those teaching right now, OPD also helps prepare graduate students and postdocs for careers as teachers. (
  • The Center for the Integration of Research, Teaching, and Learning (CIRTL) helps STEM graduate students and postdocs across the country strategically position themselves for careers in college and university teaching through a series of comprehensive on-line workshops and optional evidence-based teaching projects. (
  • All graduate students in their first year as teaching assistants must attend. (
  • Nearly a decade after adoption of the No Child Left Behind Act, students in high-poverty schools are still more likely than those in wealthier schools to be taught by inexperienced or out-of-field teachers, a report by the Education Trust says. (
  • One aim of the federal legislation, which was passed in 2001 and signed into law in January 2002, was to ensure that all students were taught by highly qualified teachers. (
  • In core academic courses in high school, for example, students in high-poverty schools are nearly twice as likely to be taught by out-of-field teachers as those in low-poverty schools. (
  • teaching Shakespeare Teacher tips on how to avoid problems while introducing Shakespeare to elementary students. (
  • Teach students about the flexibility of poetry by introducing nontraditional poetry forms like slam poetry. (
  • Celebrate National Poetry Month with these resources to help you teach students how to read, write, and share poems. (
  • A central goal of science education is to teach students to think critically about scientific data and models. (
  • The University Teaching Awards recognise the significant contributions made by staff to enhance the academic lives of students and colleagues. (
  • This award is given to outstanding members of teaching staff and teaching postgraduate research students who have made a significant contribution to innovation in curriculum design, content or delivery. (
  • This award is presented to outstanding members of academic teaching staff in recognition of their dedication to the academic and personal lives of students combined with a significant contribution to teaching and accomplishment in research. (
  • The successful nomination will demonstrate how the individual has gone above and beyond these responsibilities to create an exceptional environment for both students and staff members working in support of learning and teaching in their academic Department or School, or across the wider university. (
  • No formal degrees are required to teach, and no formal degrees, academic credit or grades are awarded to students. (
  • Faculty and graduate students who are currently or plan to teach at the university level. (
  • The Certificate of Online Teaching from Clemson University would be a valuable credential for any educator looking to ensure high quality learning opportunities for their students. (
  • The academy is open to all current graduate students and postdocs who are interested in professional development activities focused on enhancing teaching to improve student learning. (
  • Converge is trying to measure the residual impact on students in order to show the play's effectiveness as a teaching tool, said Barnett, who along with Kafka has applied for funding from the National Science Foundation for a broader science theater initiative. (
  • Teaching workshops for instructors and graduate students are organized annually within the department, and department members have organized similar events at the annual Canadian Sociological Association meetings. (
  • 2. Education in a democracy is best served by teaching students how to think, not telling them what to think. (
  • Time spent on political or ideological indoctrination takes time away from instruction in the academic subjects taught by public educational institutions, including the foundational subjects of mathematics, science, English, history and civics, and prevents students from receiving the best possible public education as funded by the taxpayers of this state. (
  • Also provides access to questions from students and teaching forum topics. (
  • I taught two classes with a total of 180 students. (
  • This white paper highlights the critical role of effective teaching in helping students and institutions, succeed, and that faculty development plays in improving instructional quality, student outcomes, and institutional efficiency. (
  • UTMB is grateful for all of the physicians across the state of Texas who volunteer to teach UTMB medical students. (
  • Most medical student preceptors are volunteers that offer their time to teach medical students within their practices. (
  • UTMB Faculty and course coordinators will be asked to nominate Community Teaching Physicians that have excelled in teaching UTMB medical students. (
  • Students must have passing scores for both exams submitted to LSU prior to registering for EDCI 4006, Apprentice Teaching. (
  • In its mission statement, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) commits itself to preparing its students to perceive tasks in an international context in the future through a systematic internationalization of learning and teaching at Mainz University. (
  • They are an advanced form of graduate teaching assistant, normally doctoral students, and are paid better than teaching assistants. (
  • They presented educational materials and taught students. (
  • Skinner advocated the use of teaching machines for a broad range of students (e.g., preschool aged to adult) and instructional purposes (e.g., reading and music). (
  • I have designed this site as a learning tool for myself and as a helping tool for other teachers who love teaching children as much as I do. (
  • I hope this site gives back to all sharing teachers with a Teaching Heart. (
  • Teaching Heart has been selling great products to happy teachers for over 10 years! (
  • Click above to receive newsletters from Teaching Heart - get great links for teachers, tips, free printables, contest information, and updates to the site! (
  • One-quarter of the core classes in high-poverty suburban schools are taught by out-of-field teachers, compared with the national average of 15.6 percent. (
  • Complete practical guide for teachers and parents, as well as entrepeneurs on how to teach English to young children as a foreign or second language. (
  • On this UNHCR Teaching About Refugees page you can find free-of-charge and adaptable UNHCR teaching materials on refugees, asylum, migration and statelessness and a section dedicated to professional development and guidance for primary and secondary school teachers on including refugee children in their classes. (
  • South Carolina teachers who successfully complete the certificate will be able to apply for a South Carolina Online Teaching Endorsement and employ the 12 credit hours in this certificate program towards the state's outlined teacher pay increase associated with the 18+ graduate credit hours beyond a bachelor's degree. (
  • The Intensive Partnerships for Effective Teaching initiative enhanced how teachers are evaluated and improved teacher staffing policies. (
  • Teaching Assistants provide support to our teachers and staff members by fostering a culture of academic rigor and achievement. (
  • English language resources for English learners and teachers to help you study, learn and teach English including text analysis, language tips, exam tips and help with study skills. (
  • Resources and materials for ESL teachers including free ESL handouts and quizzes, PDF lesson plans, teacher articles and a directory of teaching and reference resources. (
  • Teachers at JGU, in particular young scientists, have a range of opportunities to gain teaching experience abroad and to incorporate this into their courses at JGU. (
  • Because we believe that the arts are an essential component to a young person's complete education, we offer a professional development series and workshops in the arts community to empower and embolden teaching artists. (
  • Our workshops focus on practical aspects of teaching, such as using technology, designing syllabi, and leading class discussions. (
  • Contact us for more information on OPD's Teaching workshops and assistance. (
  • What we're looking for in the interview is someone who can be personable, stick to time, and can aim to teach one thing well in the time they have, as opposed to getting through lots of content. (
  • ACE's research and insights on effective teaching are part of our long history of education content quality assurance, and encapsulate all stages of instruction, from planning and preparation to feedback for future teaching. (
  • Prior to Apprentice Teaching, Secondary Education teacher candidates must pass the Praxis II PLT and Content Knowledge exams. (
  • Although TFs are fairly autonomous in their duties, many universities, such as the University of Pittsburgh, require supervision of TFs by professors experienced in teaching the course content, with whom TFs must hold regular meetings and receive feedback about the quality of their teaching. (
  • I am currently supported by the Rackham Predoctoral Fellowship and will not be teaching. (
  • The Graduate Teaching Fellowship Program is a collaboration between ASME and mechanical engineering departments to encourage outstanding doctoral candidates in mechanical engineering education (and related engineering fields), particularly women and minorities. (
  • Graduate Teaching Fellowship Application is now available! (
  • In the term of the fellowship, the awardee must teach at least one lecture course with full responsibility for the course. (
  • These are taught both by members of the regular JGU teaching staff and by the many foreign visiting professors, whose visits are arranged by the Gutenberg Teaching Counci (GTC) , the Poland Fellowship at JGU, ERASMUS, or other programs. (
  • The University of Reading runs a University Teaching Fellowship scheme that was launched in 2007/8. (
  • The criteria for the scheme is consistent with the Higher Education Academy's National Teaching Fellowship Scheme (NTFS). (
  • As a rule, TFs receive a higher stipend than TAs in accordance with the greater responsibility and time commitment of a teaching fellowship, but like TAs, their contracts are renewed on a semester-by-semester basis, and they cannot be granted tenure. (
  • The Center for Teaching and Learning (CTL) organizes a variety of events and often partners with OPD on programming to jointly serve faculty, postdoc, and graduate student instructors. (
  • The purpose of this portal is to make teaching and learning more open, accessible, and collaborative among OU faculty. (
  • Because of sabbaticals, faculty leaving and joining, class cancellations, and teaching buyouts, there are always several changes between the time this list is first posted at the beginning of registration and the start of classes. (
  • Comprehensive, institution-wide efforts to improve teaching quality help improve graduation and retention rates and are also linked to higher student satisfaction, improved faculty morale, and higher pass rates. (
  • Kristen decided to do a PGCE after spending a few weeks as a teaching assistant and discovering a love for working with young people. (
  • Explore Schools is seeking a Teaching Assistant who possesses the grit, dedication, and necessary skills to prepare our scholars for success in high school and beyond. (
  • It will also bring the concept of consumer centric ecommerce to a whole new level!In 1981 I was a grad assistant at OU, where I taught American Government, which was a required class for all undergraduates. (
  • The scheme is open to academic and support staff across the university and it has awarded so far 21 University and 11 Early Career Teaching Fellowships since it was launched. (
  • Insights, tips, and resources for tomorrow's software developers and IT professionals -- and those who teach and coach them -- from kids coding coach and advocate Michael O'Connell. (
  • Their website also offers additional teaching resources. (
  • These resources have been moved from this workshop space to a topical area dealing with Teaching Geoscience with Visualizations in general. (
  • Discover a selection of new teaching materials and resources for educators, programs, and institutions found on SERC-hosted websites. (
  • We have a range of rare and unique research and teaching resources with our special collections from rare and historic books, maps and illustrations from the mid-15th to 21st centuries. (
  • The development of communicative language teaching was bolstered by new academic ideas. (
  • The reports should address the student's continued commitment to engineering education, satisfactory academic progress, research status, and fulfillment of teaching requirements. (
  • In the UK and Ireland, teaching fellows are typically full members of academic staff who are involved in teaching. (
  • Teaching fellows may have the same rank and pay as 'traditional' research-active academic staff, although this depends on the attitude of the individual department and the institution. (
  • This pedagogical approach also grounds my commitment to a diverse learning environment, which has been shaped through a varied history of teaching experience as well as my research in Indian philosophy. (
  • I am also regularly teaching lectures for GEO-503/AOS-503 (Responsible conduct of research in Geosciences) and GEO-506 (Fundamentals of Geosciences). (
  • But once they complete their programme, they wish to be employed with private or public sectors.Research works in English Language Teaching are numerously coming out to identify the problems of the English language learners. (
  • This research was of much importance and interest because the 'conditioning' it demonstrated led to the theory of behaviorism and had a profound effect upon teaching of all kinds. (
  • A teaching fellow (sometimes referred to as a TF) is an individual at a higher education institution, including universities, whose role involves teaching and potentially pedagogic research. (
  • Teaching fellows can undertake the full range of teaching, pastoral and administrative duties, and can also be involved in research activity, specifically pedagogic research. (
  • The equivalence in rank and status is relatively new in some institutions, since teaching fellows in the past were sometimes paid at a grade lower than their research-active colleagues. (
  • Typically, TFs teach courses in their area of research specialty, in which they hold a master's degree or equivalent. (
  • Institutions such as UCL as well as The Robert Gordon University in Aberdeen and the universities of Aberdeen, Stirling, Bristol and Manchester all employ academics known as teaching fellows. (
  • Observing lessons will help you gain an awareness of teaching and pastoral work, the day-to-day school life of a teacher and give you the opportunity to watch a range of lessons and age groups being taught. (
  • If you are a teacher, which subjects do you teach? (
  • Macbeth A teacher explains why Macbeth is her favourite Shakespeare play to teach. (
  • Shakespeare: Twitter How a teacher uses Twitter to teach Shakespeare. (
  • Teaching English is written by Lonely Planet author Mark Beales, an experienced teacher who is Head of English at an international school in Thailand. (
  • As schools and districts move toward performance-based teacher evaluation as a way to improve teaching effectiveness and student outcomes, the principal's role in teacher evaluations is becoming even more important. (
  • 3. It has been established that some teacher training institutions, teacher licensing agencies, state education departments and professional teacher organizations have condoned and even encouraged this behavior under the guise of "teaching for social justice" and other sectarian doctrines. (
  • My main teaching are System, Large scale distributed systems and Network. (
  • A theory of teaching explains the main principles for deciding on certain methods and techniques. (
  • Illustrations of early teaching machines can be found in the main sourcebook. (
  • These introductory-level courses will introduce you to the most fundamental concepts of geology (e.g., plate tectonics, erosion and weathering, geological time scale, etc.) and teach you about various processes at the Earth's surface and in its interior, and their bearing on the lives of people around the globe. (
  • Having experience in primary schools - even if you want to teach at secondary level - is also looked on favourably, as it shows a breadth of awareness of teaching and how children develop. (
  • Like our teaching methods, LSE has quite a traditional approach to examinations and assessments, which reflects a wish to develop your sense of self-reliance and ability to perform under pressure. (
  • Where does one find the time to grow and develop one's own teaching competency? (
  • Develop skills in emerging tools and methods for online teaching and learning. (
  • We'll teach you to: · Develop and lead your team - team-building is key! (
  • It's powerful and authentic, and most of the time this kind of approach can build understanding and can be taught to children. (
  • There are many articles, tips, and advice for teaching during this time of disruption collected from UMass and beyond. (
  • 4 de la Llei Orgànica 15/1999, de 13 de desembre, de Protecció de les Dades de Caràcter Personal, i als seus equivalents de la Directiva 95/46/CE, i serà posat en coneixement de les autoritats competents en matèria de protecció de dades. (
  • I have found teaching to be a great way to learn both technical and soft skills. (
  • Furthermore, the approach is a non-methodical system that does not use a textbook series to teach the target language, but rather works on developing sound oral/verbal skills prior to reading and writing. (
  • My solution is to teach them some acting skills. (
  • Find out whether teaching is right for you, and learn about the diverse routes into the profession. (
  • You can follow these links to find the Collections of Visualizations , Source Sites for Visualizations , and Teaching Activities using Visualizations . (
  • The Office of Clinical Education has developed informational presentations on topics in medical education which we hope community-based teaching physicians will find useful. (
  • Find out what you can expect from the teaching facilities. (
  • Under the first heading, they include those methods that focus on the teaching of formal rules and categories, and that emphasize the importance of accurate written translation and the understanding of literature. (
  • Under the second heading, they include methods that lay stress on the teaching of active participation in natural and realistic spoken language settings, and where the emphasis is on communicative success rather than on formal accuracy. (
  • In teaching, I emphasize understanding the context of one's interlocutor, whether another person or a text. (
  • Originally, I aimed to teach a class that had a strong cultural studies component, something that raised the question of "Who was Shakespeare" in a theoretically sophisticated way, something that asked about the economic and political implications of the Shakespeare industry and "Bardolotry"--the often sentimental adulation ritually accorded Shakespeare by great swatches of the English-speaking public. (
  • teaching Shakespeare Tips on teaching Shakespeare to nonnative English speakers. (
  • In Britain, the teaching of a second vernacular (nonforeign) language has taken place, on a limited scale and mainly since the 19c, in Scotland and Wales , usually for those who have already had GAELIC or WELSH as their mother tongues, their general education proceeding in English as a second language which more often than not becomes their primary medium. (
  • The most powerful L2 tradition in England, and elsewhere in the English-speaking world, has usually been the teaching of French. (
  • In addition, in the Middle Ages in England, children of the aristocracy were taught Norman French , while English was a largely irrelevant vernacular. (
  • Unlock new career opportunities as we reveal the secrets behind Teaching English as a Second Language. (
  • The Teaching English in Japan Guide contains up to date information and was written in 2009. (
  • The world's technology is advancing, and the number of English language learners is increasing alongside it, which means that there are more opportunities than ever to teach online. (
  • working with an online school or tutoring as an independent contractor, delivering instruction to children, adults, or a mixture of both, Teaching English Online will lead to a better understanding of the pedagogical applications needed to effectively instruct online learners. (
  • Articles about learning, using and teaching the English language, including advice, tutorials, opinions and lesson plans from various authors and contributors. (
  • So, I am extremely confused about some teaching indicators I was given in order to come up with an English language demo lesson. (
  • For teaching I have to pass the written exam- English essay. (
  • English language teaching has been influenced by a whole range of theories about second language acquisition. (
  • In addition, the department offers opportunities for contact with German-speaking Europe and for study abroad in Austria and Germany as well as the possibility of teaching in Germany following graduation. (
  • A lecture-responsibility teaching assistantship commitment from the applicant's department is required. (
  • For more information about teaching certifications, visit Louisiana Department of Education's website here . (
  • I remember being really nervous about my subject knowledge, because I had taken a three year break between university and going into teaching. (
  • This timely volume addresses the many ways in which recent thinking has informed the teaching of narrative in university classrooms in the UK and the USA. (
  • Each year the University presents a number of awards to members of staff in recognition of their outstanding contribution to teaching and learning. (
  • Teaching fellows in institutions such as the University of Aberdeen may also potentially reach the rank of professor. (
  • You'll teach a range of classes, of varying ages and abilities. (
  • Teaching at LSE takes the form of a mixture of lectures and classes. (
  • And when he's not teaching, he becomes a student himself, attending classes offered by some of the 300 members of the institute, on subjects ranging from play reading to the history of whiskey in America. (