The posterior filiform portion of the spermatozoon (SPERMATOZOA) that provides sperm motility.
Proteins found in the tail sections of DNA and RNA viruses. It is believed that these proteins play a role in directing chain folding and assembly of polypeptide chains.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.
The part of a cell that contains the CYTOSOL and small structures excluding the CELL NUCLEUS; MITOCHONDRIA; and large VACUOLES. (Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
A group of adenine ribonucleotides in which the phosphate residues of each adenine ribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the ribose moieties.
Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Small chromosomal proteins (approx 12-20 kD) possessing an open, unfolded structure and attached to the DNA in cell nuclei by ionic linkages. Classification into the various types (designated histone I, histone II, etc.) is based on the relative amounts of arginine and lysine in each.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
Commonly observed structural components of proteins formed by simple combinations of adjacent secondary structures. A commonly observed structure may be composed of a CONSERVED SEQUENCE which can be represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE.
Proteins that bind to the 3' polyadenylated region of MRNA. When complexed with RNA the proteins serve an array of functions such as stabilizing the 3' end of RNA, promoting poly(A) synthesis and stimulating mRNA translation.
A family of BACTERIOPHAGES and ARCHAEAL VIRUSES which are characterized by long, non-contractile tails.
The addition of a tail of polyadenylic acid (POLY A) to the 3' end of mRNA (RNA, MESSENGER). Polyadenylation involves recognizing the processing site signal, (AAUAAA), and cleaving of the mRNA to create a 3' OH terminal end to which poly A polymerase (POLYNUCLEOTIDE ADENYLYLTRANSFERASE) adds 60-200 adenylate residues. The 3' end processing of some messenger RNAs, such as histone mRNA, is carried out by a different process that does not include the addition of poly A as described here.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
Deletion of sequences of nucleic acids from the genetic material of an individual.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Technique for limiting use, activity, or movement by immobilizing or restraining animal by suspending from hindlimbs or tails. This immobilization is used to simulate some effects of reduced gravity and study weightlessness physiology.
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
An enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of polyadenylic acid from ATP. May be due to the action of RNA polymerase (EC 2.7.7.6) or polynucleotide adenylyltransferase (EC 2.7.7.19). EC 2.7.7.19.
The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.
The anterior portion of the spermatozoon (SPERMATOZOA) that contains mainly the nucleus with highly compact CHROMATIN material.
The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
The commonest and widest ranging species of the clawed "frog" (Xenopus) in Africa. This species is used extensively in research. There is now a significant population in California derived from escaped laboratory animals.
A genotoxicological technique for measuring DNA damage in an individual cell using single-cell gel electrophoresis. Cell DNA fragments assume a "comet with tail" formation on electrophoresis and are detected with an image analysis system. Alkaline assay conditions facilitate sensitive detection of single-strand damage.
An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.
A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the hamsters. Four of the more common genera are Cricetus, CRICETULUS; MESOCRICETUS; and PHODOPUS.
Viruses whose hosts are bacterial cells.
Genetically engineered MUTAGENESIS at a specific site in the DNA molecule that introduces a base substitution, or an insertion or deletion.
A family of BACTERIOPHAGES and ARCHAEAL VIRUSES which are characterized by complex contractile tails.
Mature male germ cells derived from SPERMATIDS. As spermatids move toward the lumen of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES, they undergo extensive structural changes including the loss of cytoplasm, condensation of CHROMATIN into the SPERM HEAD, formation of the ACROSOME cap, the SPERM MIDPIECE and the SPERM TAIL that provides motility.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.
The repeating structural units of chromatin, each consisting of approximately 200 base pairs of DNA wound around a protein core. This core is composed of the histones H2A, H2B, H3, and H4.
Profound physical changes during maturation of living organisms from the immature forms to the adult forms, such as from TADPOLES to frogs; caterpillars to BUTTERFLIES.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A subclass of myosin involved in organelle transport and membrane targeting. It is abundantly found in nervous tissue and neurosecretory cells. The heavy chains of myosin V contain unusually long neck domains that are believed to aid in translocating molecules over large distances.
CELL LINE derived from the ovary of the Chinese hamster, Cricetulus griseus (CRICETULUS). The species is a favorite for cytogenetic studies because of its small chromosome number. The cell line has provided model systems for the study of genetic alterations in cultured mammalian cells.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
The introduction of a phosphoryl group into a compound through the formation of an ester bond between the compound and a phosphorus moiety.
Filamentous proteins that are the main constituent of the thin filaments of muscle fibers. The filaments (known also as filamentous or F-actin) can be dissociated into their globular subunits; each subunit is composed of a single polypeptide 375 amino acids long. This is known as globular or G-actin. In conjunction with MYOSINS, actin is responsible for the contraction and relaxation of muscle.
Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.
A 235-kDa cytoplasmic protein that is also found in platelets. It has been localized to regions of cell-substrate adhesion. It binds to INTEGRINS; VINCULIN; and ACTINS and appears to participate in generating a transmembrane connection between the extracellular matrix and the cytoskeleton.
The first continuously cultured human malignant CELL LINE, derived from the cervical carcinoma of Henrietta Lacks. These cells are used for VIRUS CULTIVATION and antitumor drug screening assays.
The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.
Cellular uptake of extracellular materials within membrane-limited vacuoles or microvesicles. ENDOSOMES play a central role in endocytosis.
CELL LINES derived from the CV-1 cell line by transformation with a replication origin defective mutant of SV40 VIRUS, which codes for wild type large T antigen (ANTIGENS, POLYOMAVIRUS TRANSFORMING). They are used for transfection and cloning. (The CV-1 cell line was derived from the kidney of an adult male African green monkey (CERCOPITHECUS AETHIOPS).)
The process of moving proteins from one cellular compartment (including extracellular) to another by various sorting and transport mechanisms such as gated transport, protein translocation, and vesicular transport.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.
Proteins found in any species of virus.
The level of protein structure in which regular hydrogen-bond interactions within contiguous stretches of polypeptide chain give rise to alpha helices, beta strands (which align to form beta sheets) or other types of coils. This is the first folding level of protein conformation.
Partial proteins formed by partial hydrolysis of complete proteins or generated through PROTEIN ENGINEERING techniques.
A diverse superfamily of proteins that function as translocating proteins. They share the common characteristics of being able to bind ACTINS and hydrolyze MgATP. Myosins generally consist of heavy chains which are involved in locomotion, and light chains which are involved in regulation. Within the structure of myosin heavy chain are three domains: the head, the neck and the tail. The head region of the heavy chain contains the actin binding domain and MgATPase domain which provides energy for locomotion. The neck region is involved in binding the light-chains. The tail region provides the anchoring point that maintains the position of the heavy chain. The superfamily of myosins is organized into structural classes based upon the type and arrangement of the subunits they contain.
A subclass of myosins found generally associated with actin-rich membrane structures such as filopodia. Members of the myosin type I family are ubiquitously expressed in eukaryotes. The heavy chains of myosin type I lack coiled-coil forming sequences in their tails and therefore do not dimerize.
The physiological renewal, repair, or replacement of tissue.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.
A cartilaginous rod of mesodermal cells at the dorsal midline of all CHORDATE embryos. In lower vertebrates, notochord is the backbone of support. In the higher vertebrates, notochord is a transient structure, and segments of the vertebral column will develop around it. Notochord is also a source of midline signals that pattern surrounding tissues including the NEURAL TUBE development.
Formation of an acetyl derivative. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.
An aquatic genus of the family, Pipidae, occurring in Africa and distinguished by having black horny claws on three inner hind toes.
An essential amino acid. It is often added to animal feed.

Regulation of body length and male tail ray pattern formation of Caenorhabditis elegans by a member of TGF-beta family. (1/1306)

We have identified a new member of the TGF-beta superfamily, CET-1, from Caenorhabditis elegans, which is expressed in the ventral nerve cord and other neurons. cet-1 null mutants have shortened bodies and male tail abnormal phenotype resembling sma mutants, suggesting cet-1, sma-2, sma-3 and sma-4 share a common pathway. Overexpression experiments demonstrated that cet-1 function requires wild-type sma genes. Interestingly, CET-1 appears to affect body length in a dose-dependent manner. Heterozygotes for cet-1 displayed body lengths ranging between null mutant and wild type, and overexpression of CET-1 in wild-type worms elongated body length close to lon mutants. In male sensory ray patterning, lack of cet-1 function results in ray fusions. Epistasis analysis revealed that mab-21 lies downstream and is negatively regulated by the cet-1/sma pathway in the male tail. Our results show that cet-1 controls diverse biological processes during C. elegans development probably through different target genes.  (+info)

Spinal antinociceptive synergism between morphine and clonidine persists in mice made acutely or chronically tolerant to morphine. (2/1306)

Morphine (Mor) tolerance has been attributed to a reduction of opioid-adrenergic antinociceptive synergy at the spinal level. The present experiments tested the interaction of intrathecally (i.t.) administered Mor-clonidine (Clon) combinations in mice made acutely or chronically tolerant to Mor. ICR mice were pretreated with Mor either acutely (40 nmol i.t., 8 h; 100 mg/kg s.c., 4 h) or chronically (3 mg/kg s.c. every 6 h days 1 and 2; 5 mg/kg s.c. every 6 h days 3 and 4). Antinociception was detected via the hot water (52.5 degrees C) tail-flick test. After the tail-flick latencies returned to baseline levels, dose-response curves were generated to Mor, Clon, and Mor-Clon combinations in tolerant and control mice. Development of tolerance was confirmed by significant rightward shifts of the Mor dose-response curves in tolerant mice compared with controls. Isobolographic analysis was conducted; the experimental combined ED50 values were compared statistically against their respective theoretical additive ED50 values. In all Mor-pretreated groups, the combination of Mor and Clon resulted in significant leftward shifts in the dose-response curves compared with those of each agonist administered separately. In all tolerant and control groups, the combination of Mor and Clon produced an ED50 value significantly less than the corresponding theoretical additive ED50 value. Mor and Clon synergized in Mor-tolerant as well as in control mice. Spinally administered adrenergic/opioid synergistic combinations may be effective therapeutic strategies to manage pain in patients apparently tolerant to the analgesic effects of Mor.  (+info)

Morphogenesis of the Caenorhabditis elegans male tail tip. (3/1306)

Using electron microscopy and immunofluorescent labeling of adherens junctions, we have reconstructed the changes in cell architecture and intercellular associations that occur during morphogenesis of the nematode male tail tip. During late postembryonic development, the Caenorhabditis elegans male tail is reshaped to form a copulatory structure. The most posterior hypodermal cells in the tail define a specialized, sexually dimorphic compartment in which cells fuse and retract in the male, changing their shape from a tapered cone to a blunt dome. Developmental profiles using electron microscopy and immunofluorescent staining suggest that cell fusions are initiated at or adjacent to adherens junctions. Anterior portions of the tail tip cells show the first evidence of retractions and fusions, consistent with our hypothesis that an anterior event triggers these morphogenetic events. Available mutations that interfere with morphogenesis implicate particular regulatory pathways and suggest loci at which evolutionary changes could have produced morphological diversity.  (+info)

Facilitation and depression of ATP and noradrenaline release from sympathetic nerves of rat tail artery. (4/1306)

1. Excitatory junction currents (EJCs) were used to measure ATP release; noradrenaline (NA) oxidation currents and fractional overflow of labelled NA, [3H]NA, were used to monitor the release of endogenous and exogenous NA, respectively, from post-ganglionic sympathetic nerves of rat tail artery. 2. During nerve stimulation with 100 pulses at 5-20 Hz the EJCs initially grew in size (maximally by 23 %, at 2-10 Hz), and then depressed, maximally by 68 % at 20 Hz. 3. The peak amplitude of NA oxidation currents in response to nerve stimulation with 100 pulses at 2-20 Hz grew in size with frequency, while the area was independent of frequency and roughly constant. 4. The size of the NA oxidation currents evoked by nerve stimulation with 4-100 pulses at 20 Hz grew linearly with train length between pulses 4-16. Between pulses 20-100 there was a train length-dependent depression of the signal. 5. Fractional overflow of [3H]NA in response to nerve stimulation with 5-100 pulses at 20 Hz behaved similarly to the EJCs. It initially grew roughly linearly between pulses 5-25, and then showed a dramatic depression similar to that of the EJCs. 6. The alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonists rauwolscine and yohimbine increased the overflow of [3H]NA and the amplitude of NA oxidation currents, but not that of the EJCs. 7. It is concluded that during high-frequency stimulation (i) the release of ATP and NA is first briefly facilitated then markedly depressed, (ii) facilitation and depression of the two transmitters are similar in magnitude and time course, and (iii) alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonists differentially modify EJCs and the NA signals. The results obtained in the absence of drugs are compatible with the hypothesis that ATP and NA are released in parallel, while the effects of alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonists seem to suggest dissociated release.  (+info)

Effects of Ca2+ concentration and Ca2+ channel blockers on noradrenaline release and purinergic neuroeffector transmission in rat tail artery. (5/1306)

1. The effects of Ca2+ concentration and Ca2+ channel blockers on noradrenaline (NA) and adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) release from postganglionic sympathetic nerves have been investigated in rat tail arteries in vitro. Intracellularly recorded excitatory junction potentials (e.j.ps) were used as a measure of ATP release and continuous amperometry was used to measure NA release. 2. Varying the extracellular Ca2+ concentration similarly affected the amplitudes of e.j.ps and NA-induced oxidation currents evoked by trains of ten stimuli at 1 Hz. 3. The N-type Ca2+ blocker, omega-conotoxin GVIA (omega-CTX GVIA, 0.1 microM) reduced the amplitudes of both e.j.ps (evoked by trains of ten stimuli at 1 Hz) and NA-induced oxidation currents (evoked by trains of ten stimuli at 1 Hz and 50 stimuli at 10 Hz) by about 90%. 4. The omega-CTX GVIA resistant e.j.ps and NA-induced oxidation currents evoked by trains of 50 stimuli at 10 Hz were abolished by the non-selective Ca2+ channel blocker, Cd2+ (0.1 mM), and were reduced by omega-conotoxin MVIIC (0.5 microM) and omega-agatoxin IVA (40 nM). 5. Nifedipine (10 microm) had no inhibitory effect on omega-CTX GVIA resistant e.j.ps and NA-induced oxidation currents. 6. Thus both varying Ca2+ concentration and applying Ca2+ channel blockers results in similar effects on NA and ATP release from postganglionic sympathetic nerves. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that NA and ATP are co-released together from the sympathetic nerve terminals.  (+info)

Protein kinase C reduces the KCa current of rat tail artery smooth muscle cells. (6/1306)

The hypothesis that protein kinase C (PKC) is able to regulate the whole cell Ca-activated K (KCa) current independently of PKC effects on local Ca release events was tested using the patch-clamp technique and freshly isolated rat tail artery smooth muscle cells dialyzed with a strongly buffered low-Ca solution. The active diacylglycerol analog 1,2-dioctanoyl-sn-glycerol (DOG) at 10 microM attenuated the current-voltage (I-V) relationship of the KCa current significantly and reduced the KCa current at +70 mV by 70 +/- 4% (n = 14). In contrast, 10 microM DOG after pretreatment of the cells with 1 microM calphostin C or 1 microM PKC inhibitor peptide, selective PKC inhibitors, and 10 microM 1,3-dioctanoyl-sn-glycerol, an inactive diacylglycerol analog, did not significantly alter the KCa current. Furthermore, the catalytic subunit of PKC (PKCC) at 0.1 U/ml attenuated the I-V relationship of the KCa current significantly, reduced the KCa current at +70 mV by 44 +/- 3% (n = 17), and inhibited the activity of single KCa channels at 0 mV by 79 +/- 9% (n = 6). In contrast, 0.1 U/ml heat-inactivated PKCC did not significantly alter the KCa current or the activity of single KCa channels. Thus these results suggest that PKC is able to considerably attenuate the KCa current of freshly isolated rat tail artery smooth muscle cells independently of effects of PKC on local Ca release events, most likely by a direct effect on the KCa channel.  (+info)

A novel BMP expressed in developing mouse limb, spinal cord, and tail bud is a potent mesoderm inducer in Xenopus embryos. (7/1306)

The bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) play critical roles in patterning the early embryo and in the development of many organs and tissues. We have identified a new member of this multifunctional gene family, BMP-11, which is most closely related to GDF-8/myostatin. During mouse embryogenesis, BMP-11 is first detected at 9.5 dpc in the tail bud with expression becoming stronger as development proceeds. At 10.0 dpc, BMP-11 is expressed in the distal and posterior region of the limb bud and later localizes to the mesenchyme between the skeletal elements. BMP-11 is also expressed in the developing nervous system, in the dorsal root ganglia, and dorsal lateral region of the spinal cord. To assess the biological activity of BMP-11, we tested the protein in the Xenopus ectodermal explant (animal cap) assay. BMP-11 induced axial mesodermal tissue (muscle and notochord) in a dose-dependent fashion. At higher concentrations, BMP-11 also induced neural tissue. Interestingly, the activin antagonist, follistatin, but not noggin, an antagonist of BMPs 2 and 4, inhibited BMP-11 activity on animal caps. Our data suggest that in Xenopus embryos, BMP-11 acts more like activin, inducing dorsal mesoderm and neural tissue, and less like other family members such as BMPs 2, 4, and 7, which are ventralizing and anti-neuralizing signals. Taken together, these data suggest that during vertebrate embryogenesis, BMP-11 plays a unique role in patterning both mesodermal and neural tissues.  (+info)

A developmental pathway controlling outgrowth of the Xenopus tail bud. (8/1306)

We have developed a new assay to identify factors promoting formation and outgrowth of the tail bud. A piece of animal cap filled with the test mRNAs is grafted into the posterior region of the neural plate of a host embryo. With this assay we show that expression of a constitutively active Notch (Notch ICD) in the posterior neural plate is sufficient to produce an ectopic tail consisting of neural tube and fin. The ectopic tails express the evenskipped homologue Xhox3, a marker for the distal tail tip. Xhox3 will also induce formation of an ectopic tail in our assay. We show that an antimorphic version of Xhox3, Xhox3VP16, will prevent tail formation by Notch ICD, showing that Xhox3 is downstream of Notch signalling. An inducible version of this reagent, Xhox3VP16GR, specifically blocks tail formation when induced in tailbud stage embryos, comfirming the importance of Xhox3 for tail bud outgrowth in normal development. Grafts containing Notch ICD will only form tails if placed in the posterior part of the neural plate. However, if Xwnt3a is also present in the grafts they can form tails at any anteroposterior level. Since Xwnt3a expression is localised appropriately in the posterior at the time of tail bud formation it is likely to be responsible for restricting tail forming competence to the posterior neural plate in our assay. Combined expression of Xwnt3a and active Notch in animal cap explants is sufficient to induce Xhox3, provoke elongation and form neural tubes. Conservation of gene expression in the tail bud of other vertebrates suggests that this pathway may describe a general mechanism controlling tail outgrowth and secondary neurulation.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Neuraminidase and contractile responses to norepinephrine in rat tail artery. AU - Rice, J. H.. AU - Webb, R. C.. PY - 1984/1/1. Y1 - 1984/1/1. N2 - Sialic acids are negatively charged groups in the carbohydrate side chains of glycolipids and glycoproteins which line the external membrane surface. The goal of this study was to characterize the effect of neuraminidase, which selectively cleaves sialic acids, on contractile activity in vascular smooth muscle. Helically cut strips of rat tail artery were mounted in an organ chamber and isometric contractions were recorded. Following treatment with neuraminidase (0.2 U/ml, 1 h), contractile responses to norepinephrine were signficantly greater than control responses. Phasic concentrations to norepinephrine in calcium-free medium were not altered by neuraminidase, whereas following calcium depletion with EGTA, contractile responses to added calcium were greater in enzyme-treated strips than in control when activated with ...
In order to understand the developmental mechanisms of posterior body formation in the zebrafish, a fate map of the zebrafish tailbud was generated along with a detailed analysis of tailbud cell movements. The fate map of the zebrafish tailbud shows that it contains tissue-restricted domains and is not a homogeneous blastema. Furthermore, time-lapse analysis shows that some cell movements and behaviors in the tailbud are similar to those seen during gastrulation, while others are unique to the posterior body. The extension of axial mesoderm and the continuation of ingression throughout zebrafish tail development suggests the continuation of processes initiated during gastrulation. Unique properties of zebrafish posterior body development include the bilateral distribution of tailbud cell progeny and the exhibition of different forms of ingression within specific tailbud domains. The ingression of cells in the anterior tailbud only gives rise to paraxial mesoderm, at the exclusion of axial ...
The C. elegans hook sensillum is a male copulatory structure developed from the hook sensillum competence group (HCG), P(9-11).p. Male P(9-11).p each adopt one of three potential fates (1º, 2º, or 3º), forming an invariant spatial pattern of 3º-2º-1º. I examined HCG fate specification in various genetic backgrounds and found that both lin-17 Frizzled-like Wnt receptor and bar-1 [beta]-catenin are predominantly expressed in 1º P11.p. Activation of the bar-1 canonical Wnt pathway by a pry-1(Axin) mutation changes the competence of the anterior P(3-8).p cells and induces ectopic 1º HCG fate. I also found that the Hox gene mab-5 acts downstream of the Wnt pathway to determine HCG competence. Ectopic mab-5 expression, in conjunction with activated LIN-12 or EGF signaling, causes ectopic HCG fates in anterior P(1-8).p. Furthermore, epistatic interactions between lin-17 and lin-12 showed that generation of 2º HCG fate in P10.p by LIN-12/Notch activity depends on LIN-17-mediated Wnt signaling. ...
We have developed a new assay to identify factors promoting formation and outgrowth of the tail bud. A piece of animal cap filled with the test mRNAs is grafted into the posterior region of the neural plate of a host embryo. With this assay we show that expression of a constitutively active Notch (Notch ICD) in the posterior neural plate is sufficient to produce an ectopic tail consisting of neural tube and fin. The ectopic tails express the evenskipped homologue Xhox3, a marker for the distal tail tip. Xhox3 will also induce formation of an ectopic tail in our assay. We show that an antimorphic version of Xhox3, Xhox3VP16, will prevent tail formation by Notch ICD, showing that Xhox3 is downstream of Notch signalling. An inducible version of this reagent, Xhox3VP16GR, specifically blocks tail formation when induced in tailbud stage embryos, comfirming the importance of Xhox3 for tail bud outgrowth in normal development. Grafts containing Notch ICD will only form tails if placed in the posterior ...
Jobling P. and McLachlan E.M. (1992) An electrophysiological study of responses evoked in isolated segments of rat tail artery during growth and maturation. Journal of Physiology, 454 1: 83-105. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1992.sp019255 ...
Definition of tail tip necrosis in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is tail tip necrosis? Meaning of tail tip necrosis as a legal term. What does tail tip necrosis mean in law?
The present study was designed to investigate the influence of aging on noradrenaline content and the density and pattern of prejunctional dopamine D2 receptors in the tail (ventral caudal) artery of male Sprague-Dawley rats. Tail artery is frequently used as a model for investigating mechanisms of sympathetic vascular control and contains prejunctional dopamine receptor belonging to the D2 subtype. Noradrenaline levels were reduced in rats of 12 months of age in comparison with 3-month-old animals. A further reduction in catecholamine concentration was found in 24-month-old rats. The density of prejunctional D2 receptors, which was measured in frozen sections of the tail artery by using both radioligand binding and autoradiographic techniques, was reduced by about 35% in 12-month rats in comparison with 3-month rats. A decrease by about 55% versus 3-month rats and by about 20% versus 12-month rats was observed in 24-month-old rats. Neither the pharmacological profile nor the anatomical ...
Do you have to freeze or section the tissue at all? If there is significant beta-galactosidase activity, you should be able to just put the tail tip in X-gal and see if it turns blue, having of course appropriate positive and negative control tails that are known to carry or not carry, respectively, the relevant transgene. Rivka -- Rivka A. Rachel, MD, PhD Staff Scientist, National Eye Institute Neurobiology-Neurodegeneration and Repair Laboratory Tel: 301 443-4906 -----Original Message----- From: Gaupp, Dina D [mailto:[email protected]] Sent: Fri 5/16/2008 12:04 PM To: [email protected] Subject: [Histonet] fresh-frozen mouse tail sectioning To Whomever This Applies: I am having big problems sectioning mouse tail, approximately 2mm in thickness, vertical embedded in OCT for frozen sections. The tissue is fresh-frozen because the principle investigator would like to detect an enzyme x-gal. No fix, no cryopreservation - the tissue was not immersed in any type of solution. He ...
Tones On Tail - War Lyrics. Youre given two sets of clues With the answers all the same And a two-speed crossword Called Love in the suds Your bullet holes are scre
The effect of long-term (40 min) high frequency stimulation (143 Hz) of sensory-motor tail nerves was studied in normal and in streptozotocin-diabetic rats. The study comprised a 6-week period, repeating the test at 2-week intervals. In the initial (
TY - JOUR. T1 - Activation of cc-adrenoceptors (ARs) results in an influx of calcium that is independent from the voltage-gated calcium ion channel. AU - Earle, M. L.. AU - Cole, W. C.. AU - Triggle, Christopher. PY - 1997. Y1 - 1997. N2 - In vascular smooth muscle, activation of the a-AR results in an initial transient IPS-mediated increase in Ca2+i followed by a sustained influx of Ca2+e. Several studies suggest these effects are mediated in part via a G protein, most likely Gq (Garcia-Sâinz, 1993). FURA-2 measurements of global Ca2+ in isolated smooth muscle cells from the rat tail artery suggest that this influx pathway is insensitive to nifedipine. Experiments to test this hypothesis utilizing the perforated patch clamp technique and global Ca2+ measurements with FURA-2 in freshly dispersed vascular smooth muscle cells of the rat tail artery demonstrate that Ba2+ currents were reversibly inhibited in the presence of an a-AR agonist, cirazoline. Net current recordings at a holding potential ...
The insulin-sensitizing compound troglitazone has evolved into a promising therapeutic agent for type II diabetes. It improves insulin sensitivity and lipoprotein metabolic profiles and lowers blood pressure in humans and rodents. Because troglitazone has insulinlike effects on a number of tissues, we hypothesized that it may reduce vascular tone through stimulation of endothelial-derived nitric oxide (NO) production or by diminution of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i). Our results show that troglitazone decreases norepinephrine-induced contractile responses in the rat tail artery, an effect not reversed by the NO inhibitor L-nitroarginine methyl ester (L-NAME). In contrast, troglitazone significantly inhibited L-type Ca2+ currents in freshly dissociated rat tail artery and aortic VSMCs and in cultured VSMCs. The data suggest that troglitazone attenuates vascular contractility via a mechanism involving VSMC [Ca2+]i but independent from endothelial generation of ...
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PLEASE NOTE!. Our shopping cart does not include shipping costs, shipping is calculated as follows:. Many of our smaller items will economically ship via UPS and USPS, but due to the variations in our product sizes, and shipping locations, it is difficult to calculate shipping costs until after the order has been placed.. We will provide a shipping estimate via email once the order has been received. If you would like a shipping estimate in advance of the order, please use our contact form on our website, or email us at [email protected] ...
Federal safety investigators said Tuesday they have discovered internal damage in the tail fin of the American Airlines jet that crashed in November in New York, but further testing is needed to
Standard approaches for modelling dependence within joint tail regions are based on extreme value methods which assume max-stability, a particular form of joint tail dependence. We develop joint tail models based on a broader class of dependence structure which provides a natural link between max-stable models and weaker forms of dependence including independence and negative association. This approach overcomes many of the problems that are encountered with standard methods and is the basis for a Poisson process representation that generalizes existing bivariate results. We apply the new techniques to simulated and environmental data, and demonstrate the marked advantage that the new approach offers for joint tail extrapolation.. ...
Your dogs tail is a versatile tool that that dogs uses for a variety of its needs. A dogs tail can be used for its social and physical needs. A dogs tail can act as a specialized tool, depending on the dogs need. Your dog can use its tail to communicate, balance, for swimming, warmth, and to keep insects away.. As a communication tool, a dog will signal its social status and emotions with its tail. It can make these signals through the position in which the tail is held and through the direction and speed of its wag. By noting the action of a dogs tail, humans and dogs can make a decision on whether the dog is approachable. The action of wagging also releases pheromones from the dogs anal glands which gives further information on a dogs social status and sex.. As a part of the dogs spinal column, the dogs tail is used for balance. This balancing ability of the tail is especially useful when the dog is walking on a narrow passage or running and wishes to make a quick turn in another ...
Probably plays a regulatory role in sperm development. May participate in regulation of fibrous sheath (FS) assembly by supporting the formation of disulfide bonds during sperm tail morphogenesis. May also be required to rectify incorrect disulfide pairing and generate suitable pairs between the FS constituents. Can reduce disulfide bonds in vitro in the presence of NADP and thioredoxin reductase.
The staff at Happy Tails in Loveland is here to help you gather supplies and attire for your new family pet. Bowls and other feeders are all some of the amazing foods and supplies you can buy your pets here. When your pet needs a heath check, youll find many great medical services at Happy Tails, such as healthcare. Every pet deserves a comfortable place to call home. Happy Tails has a wide variety of pet apparel and pet toys to choose from! If youre on the market for some new pet supplies, such as carriers, you can find a great selection of supplies here. Give your pet an amazing new toy from Happy Tails! They have a wide variety of entertainment items, such as pet apparel and pet toys.For those driving to Happy Tails, youll easily find parking close by. So keep your pet happy and entertained for hours with a brand new toy from Happy Tails in Loveland.
Let me just say that I have owned and bred more than my share of dogs with high or hooky (curly) tails, and have had stud dogs that sired them on a regular basis. Weve placed as pets some very handsome teenaged dogs with tails weve hated, and finished but never bred from other dogs with tails weve hated. When I see those dogs later their tails never improved with time. Heck, I can breed together two dogs with perfect tails and get bad ones. I even bred a dog whose owner had his tail fixed - badly. It went from a common flagpole tail, to a flagpole tail where the last 4 inches dangled limply. I can also recall several aspiring specials (not mine!) whose careers were ended by bad fix jobs. When half of the tail dangles loosely for more than a few days, its generally a bad fix. The first few days it might just be whats called a cold tail, a tail injury that is not uncommon in Dals and other long tailed breeds, after that well, perhaps it was shut in the car door ...
Buy Kamdhenu Tail,Pathmeda Kamdhenu Tail,Gavyamrit Kamdhenu Tail,Kamdhenu Tail online at swadeshaj swadeshi store.Pathmeda Kamdhenu Tail gives quick relief in Rheumatoid Arthritis.
english) A pair of rounded or wedge-shaped cartilages on the ventrolateral surfaces of a vertebral centrum that form the bases for attachment of ribs in monospondylous precaudal vertebrae. In diplospondylous precaudal and caudal vertebrae the basiventrals form haemal arches along with the interventral cartilages for protecting the caudal artery and vein. (See also: monospondylous precaudal vertebrae, diplospondylous vertebrae, monospondylous-diplospondylous transition ...
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Molecular Cloning, also known as Maniatis, has served as the foundation of technical expertise in labs worldwide for 30 years. No other manual has been so popular, or so influential.
Hed had the tail for years. If you think its easy to hide a tail that size, you are mistaken. One does not simply fold a tail flat and tuck it in ones pants like a shirt tail. It couldnt be looped, like a lasso, for the tendons, cartilage and scar tissue were stubborn with…
(A) Mice were screened for the TCR-α and Igμ genotypes by PCR on tail DNA. In screening of Cα locus, the wild-type locus and the disrupted locus represen
Lyrics to Heads/Tails by Hotspur: Call it in the air, / Heads or Tails, / Heads we go to London, / And try to save the queen, / Tails we go
Shop all Yellow Tail products - Choose from a huge selection of Yellow Tail products from the most popular online stores at BHG.com Shop.
Hi, I am having problem with getting the tail to work without binding. I am using S9650 servo for the tail. It is running at 6v I setup the tail pitch
Intro: Slides. Summary:. For this slot, Daniel Borkmann presented two topics for discussion: i) how can we combine BPF-to-BPF calls and tail calls, and ii) in the face of retpolines, how can we avoid indirect calls for tail calls as well as subsystems calling into BPF context itself. One motivation for BPF-to-BPF calls was that this would allow to potentially supersede BPF tail calls. However, given the flexibility of tail calls and the need for a clean transition path for applications to avoid having to rework their BPF data path as well as orchestration of the former on a larger scale presents a bit of a challenge. Also, due to ensuring support for BPF programs so they can continue to run on older kernels with only tail calls available. In Cilium tail calls are used in various elaborate ways, for example, to jump into another local container specific BPF program that is handling policy. The latter program is called out of tc BPF layer from the physical as well as from the veth peer device of ...
The finder returns a tail of a given input. The tail is a suffix of a string up to n elements in size. If an input has less then n elements, whole input is considered a head. The result is given as an ...
Kitties show a lot of emotion through their tails. Your kitten will let you know when hes angry or happy, just by the movements of his back and rear extremity. Arching his back and shaking his tail ...
My girl had almost an identical issue with her tail, and the hair was really sparse, but just in a small area like that. I could never really find anything specific wrong with it, so I just kept an eye on it. It never got worse, but it never went away, either---so finally I used an anti-bacterial/antifungal spray from the pet supply store, just spritzing a little on like once or twice a day, (as I remembered), for only about a week or so. I didnt think it was doing anything, so I gave up. Lo & behold, the fur very slowly started growing back, and now her tail is all full and fluffy again, (but it did take quite a while ...
The year 2012 has started out in strange ways. While celestial forces augur for rare tail events, the assurance of man-made events that stretch far into the extreme tail of probability are not only very likely but will be of a type to reflect the change in the global balance of financial power.
The direction in which a dog wags its tail tells other canines what its thinking, new research has revealed.Scientists have confirmed previously that tail wagging isnt just a back and forth affair: the wag can be biased towards either the right or left.
Im curious to know what percentage of people are getting broken tail ports on Granamyr, so I thought this would be the best way to find out. Thanks for you participation! PS the part that is being reported to have problems is the port in the body cavity that the tail plugs into.
One reason why we then ceased to grow a tail is obvious: we ceased to swing from branches; we left the trees and embraced land. Of what use is a tail then?
A Quicksilver update. // Machine Design;3/19/2009, Vol. 81 Issue 6, p24 The article focuses on the change in the design of Quicksilver boat by Nigel Macknight in the U.S. One change is that the team moved the air intake for the Rolls-Royce Spey jet engine to a higher point on the crafts shoulders to prevent it from ingesting water. Another change is the tail fin... ...
This is a quick protocol for mouse tail and tissue lysis with proteinase K. It is commonly used to prepare templates for genotyping. Other protocols included detergents in the lysis buffer, but we found this simple protocol to work well with less hands-on time. ...
If a young tadpole loses its tail, no problem-it can grow a new one. Biologist Michael Levin and his team experimented with this amphibian talent, and they
A chemical that enables tadpoles to re-grow their tail perhaps holds the secret to regenerating human limbs in a bid to improve healing in human beings.
Hey guys this is my first post in our cool Aleatorblog and I want to share my last work with you. When I saw the new Forge World Tyranid Dimachaeron I knew that I want to create my own out of a Tervigon kit. I bought a kit and I knew that I don´t want to create a 1 to 1 copy of the FW-kit. My aim was to use only bits from the Tervigon box. Two tentacle and the tail tip of a crone are the only not Tervigon parts. At the beginning I checked out many pictures to get the size of that beast. I did some calculation and the results are that the Dimachaeron has to be something around 15-16 cm. After many hours of work I got this result:. ...
Thus, MPO is considered another marker of oxidative stress and inflammation. Blood samples were obtained from a tail tip cut before 0
TY - JOUR. T1 - Skeletal muscle regeneration in Xenopus tadpoles and zebrafish larvae. AU - Rodrigues, Alexandre Miguel Cavaco. AU - Christen, Bea. AU - Martí, Mercé. AU - Izpisua Belmonte, Juan Carlos. PY - 2012/4/3. Y1 - 2012/4/3. N2 - Background: Mammals are not able to restore lost appendages, while many amphibians are. One important question about epimorphic regeneration is related to the origin of the new tissues and whether they come from mature cells via dedifferentiation and/or from stem cells. Several studies in urodele amphibians (salamanders) indicate that, after limb or tail amputation, the multinucleated muscle fibres do dedifferentiate by fragmentation and proliferation, thereby contributing to the regenerate. In Xenopus laevis tadpoles, however, it was shown that muscle fibres do not contribute directly to the tail regenerate. We set out to study whether dedifferentiation was present during muscle regeneration of the tadpole limb and zebrafish larval tail, mainly by cell ...
Evaluation of the efficacy of molecular treatment strategies for lymphatic vascular insufficiency requires a suitable preclinical animal model. Ideally, the model should closely replicate the untreated human disease in its pathogenesis and pathological expression.We have undertaken a study of the time course of the development and resolution of acquired, experimental lymphedema and of its responses to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C lymphangiogenesis in the mouse tail model.We provoked post-surgical lymphedema in the mouse tail model and assessed the effects of exogenously administered human recombinant VEGF-C. Quantitative assessment of immune traffic function was performed through sequential in vivo bioluminescent imaging.In untreated lymphedema, tail edema was sustained until day 21. Exogenous administration of human recombinant VEGF-C produced a significant decrease in volume. Untreated lymphedema in the mouse tail model was characterized by the presence of dilated cutaneous ...
Many species of lizards release their tail when they want to escape from a predator. The tail then continues to wriggle like a living creature, which distracts the predator away from the lizards vulnerable body, allowing it to escape while the predator is left holding or trying to catch the expendable tail. Thats one strategy. A study of lizards in Greece concluded that the lizards there drop their tails when bitten on the tail by venomous snakes. That way the venom does not reach the lizards body. This tail dropping is called Caudal Autotomy. Losing the tail does not seriously harm the lizard, and may save its life, but the loss of a tail might have a negative effect on the lizards ability to run quickly, its attractiveness to the opposite sex, and its social standing. Dropped tails do grow back, but these regenerated tails are often not as long or as perfect as the original. It is not uncommon to find lizards in the wild with no tail or with a partially regenerated tail, so tail autotomy ...
Consistent with previous in vivo5,6 and in vitro4,9,10 findings, urocortin potently relaxes mouse tail arteries in an endothelial-independent manner. We proposed previously11 that urocortin-induced relaxation was caused by a PKA-mediated decrease in the apparent Ca2+ sensitivity of contraction. The mechanism by which this occurs is, however, not fully understood. Here, we present evidence that urocortin decreases Ca2+ sensitivity by a cAMP-mediated increase in the activity of SMPP-1M, which, at least in part, is attributable to a reduction of the inhibitory phosphorylations of the regulatory subunit of SMPP-1M, MYPT1Thr696/850.. As previously reported (reviewed by Ito et al14), MYPT1Thr696 is phosphorylated under resting conditions. Phosphorylation was further increased during the maintained phase of both noradrenaline- and KCl-induced contractions, which is in line with the observation that the maintained phase of phenylephrine- and KCl-induced contraction of arteries requires the activation of ...
In vivo tracking of histone H3 lysine 9 acetylation in Xenopus laevis during tail regenerationIn vivo tracking of histone H3 lysine 9 acetylation in Xenopus laevis during tail regeneration ...
אנו מתארים הליך ניסוי פשוט ומהיר ליצירת fibroblasts העיקרי מהאוזניים והזנבות של עכברים. ההליך...
TIP. Many Singaporean dog owners have no time or are bitten when they try to clean the wound post-stitching. The e-collar worn did not prevent the dog from traumatising the tail due to pain. A long black area of the tail of more than 10 cm long developed. Gangrene. Dog had high total WBC when I admitted it. Best advice is to amputate the tail at the first instance as the owners just cant manage to nurse. Pain-killers with NSAID are not very effective in tail wound injuries for some reasons. So, I do advise tail amputation and have never received any unhappiness. In private practice, a good clinical outcome is what the owner wants. No repeat visits as this means spending more money at the vet ...
Horshamosaurus seems, at roughly five metres length, to have been about 30% longer than the type species of Polacanthus, Polacanthus foxii and differs from it in numerous characters of the vertebrae and dermal armour. Apart from the greater length, in 1996 several traits were established, distinguishing Horshamosaurus from Polacanthus. The centrum facets of the back and tail vertebrae have a round instead of a heart-shaped profile. The transverse processes of the vertebrae each have two ridges at their undersides delimiting a depression and gradually merging with the vertebral body. The transverse processes of the front tail vertebrae have a distinctive top ridge, running from the front to the rear, merging with the neural arch at the base of the process, while sloping downwards at its inner side. The pseudoacromion is located close to the front edge of the shoulder blade. The rear ribs are large and tall instead of rather slender. The shinbone is relatively longer. The osteoderm spikes on the ...
Methods and results We conducted genetic analyses using whole-exome sequencing in 50 Han Chinese probands with MMAF. Two homozygous stop-gain variants (c.910C,T (p.Arg304*) and c.3400delA (p.Ile1134Serfs*13)) of the SPEF2 (sperm flagellar 2) gene were identified in two unrelated consanguineous families. Consistently, an Iranian subject from another cohort also carried a homozygous SPEF2 stop-gain variant (c.3240delT (p.Phe1080Leufs*2)). All these variants affected the long SPEF2 transcripts that are expressed in the testis and encode the IFT20 (intraflagellar transport 20) binding domain, important for sperm tail development. Notably, previous animal studies reported spontaneous mutations of SPEF2 causing sperm tail defects in bulls and pigs. Our further functional studies using immunofluorescence assays showed the absence or a remarkably reduced staining of SPEF2 and of the MMAF-associated CFAP69 protein in the spermatozoa from SPEF2-affected subjects. ...
I want to know that what is the difference between short tail keyword and long tail keyword. Which type of keyword is more effective for the promotion of website.
I have some pheasant tail feathers I want to dye , is Rit dye ok? Will it bleed later on ? Any tips on dying feathers would be appreciated.
I have 3 RIR... One of which I am uncertain of. Will be 4 weeks old next Tuesday. She/he has slower feather development and tail development, although...
The objectives of this study are to examine the fundamental characteristics of the biodynamic responses of a rat tail to vibration and to compare them with those of human fingers. Vibration transmission through tails exposed to three vibration magnitudes (1g, 5 g, and 10 g r.m.s.) at six frequencies (32 Hz, 63 Hz, 125 Hz, 160 Hz, 250 Hz, and 500 Hz) was measured using a laser vibrometer. A mechani
Rat Tail Ale is a American Amber / Red Ale style beer brewed by Cellar Rats Brewery in Madison, OH. 2.93 average with 63 ratings, reviews and opinions.
The Reptile Report is your one stop for the most interesting news, stories, and photos of reptiles, amphibians, and invertebrates.
Most mammals possess a tail, humans and the Great Apes being notable exceptions. One approach to understanding the mechanisms and evolutionary forces influencing development of a tail is to identify the genetic factors that influence extreme tail length variation within a species. In mice, the Tailless locus has proven to be complex, with evidence of multiple different genes and mutations with pleiotropic effects on tail length, fertility, embryogenesis, male transmission ratio, and meiotic recombination. Five cat breeds have abnormal tail length phenotypes: the American Bobtail, the Manx, the Pixie-Bob, the Kurilian Bobtail, and the Japanese Bobtail. We sequenced the T gene in several independent lineages of Manx cats from both the US and the Isle of Man and identified three 1-bp deletions and one duplication/deletion, each predicted to cause a frameshift that leads to premature termination and truncation of the carboxy terminal end of the Brachyury protein. Ninety-five percent of Manx cats ...
I have seen on some of my chicks that they are missing some of there feathers on there back and tail area. Not all of them are like this but a few are....
The remarkable ability of amphibians and fish to re-grow complex parts might provide the information necessary to create treatments for people whose body parts have been badly hurt.
Diagnosis: One median thorn row on disc with 27 thorns; 5 thorn rows on tail, the median row with 32 intercalated small/great thorns extending from caudal base to first dorsal fin; 8 nuchal thorns; 17 orbital, 9 spiracular, and 4 scapular thorns each side, with dorsal and ventral surfaces rough (Ref. 56493). ...
As an experiment, a food bowl was moved to about 10 cm above the floor of the cage, which is about the length of a rats tail. Instead of curling their tails under the bowl when they are feeding, the rats stiffened their tails and pointed them straight down so that they touched the floor, propping themselves up with this third leg ...
Now Ive seen cats with seven fingers that looks like their wearing mittens. Ive seen them with bent tails or no tail at all, but Ive never seen a cat with
The double head cable tie was designed with a dual locking head that creates two loops to secure two bundles simultaneously. The head also provides separation between bundles or bundles running parallel to each other. The bent tail design allows quick and
HellermannTyton standard cable ties feature inside serrations providing a positive hold onto wire and cable bundles. The head design guarantees high tensile strength, as well as a low insertion force. The bent tail design allows quick and simple install
I read of an experiment, once, in which researchers took a fish species, a close relative (at least on evolutionary terms; I dont know how a baraminologist would view the matter) of swordtail fish, but with no spine sticking out of its tail fin. Now, they knew from research with swordtails that the tail spines made males attractive to females. By grafting fake spines into the tails of males of this normally swordless species, they found that females of this species, also were attracted to males with tail spines. It is perfectly possible to have a built-in reaction to a trait that ones species does not normally have -- which would give natural selection something to work with if a random mutation produced that trait. Presumably birds could in many cases have such already existing quirks that could make some mutation affecting coloration advantageous ...
Supplemental Methods are available online with this article; https://doi.org/10.1172/JCI87583DS1. Mouse care and models. Mice were housed under normal conditions. E2f1-/-, E2f3a-/-, E2f3b-/-, E2f3a1KI, E2F3a3bKI, Lys-Cre, and Alb-Cre mouse lines were described previously (31, 32, 40, 41). The backgrounds of the E2f1-/-, E2f3a-/-, and E2f3b-/- mice were FVB/NT fifth, fifth, and seventh generations, respectively. The E2f3a1KI and E2F3a3bKI mice were on a mixed background (FVB/NT, 129v/Sv, and C57BL/Swiss). Genotyping was performed on tail or liver DNA using standard PCR techniques. Primer sets used are listed in Supplemental Table 19. Dissected livers were flash-frozen in liquid nitrogen and stored at -80°C for further analysis or fixed in 10% formalin (Fisher Scientific) for histologic analyses. For DEN (Sigma-Aldrich) treatment, mice received an intraperitoneal injection of DEN (20 mg/1 kg body mass) at 20 days of age (33, 51).. Histology and diagnosis of HCC. Formalin-fixed mouse tissues were ...
Carefully pull the end of the cast on tail until you can see the loop tightening up. Carefully transfer stitches so the stitches are spread over three needles if using DPNS or are halved with half on one needle and the rest on the other needle if doing magic loop. After a row or two, pull the cast on end tightly again. There should be no hole there at all ...
The gain adjustment is done at the transmitter via the gyro gain connector on the channel. This MUST be plugged into a receiver channel.. There isnt good documentation for the gain setting available, so the following information is what I have personally deduced from my own observations, which may not be completely correct.. The gain setting seems to control how much the tail is allowed to drift before the gyro will correct the position. It is basically a fussiness value. A low gain allows the tail to drift of about 2 or 3 degrees in either direction before the gyro will correct the position. A high gain allows a drift of less than 0.5 degrees.. There are two factors which limit the maximum gain setting:. For a heli with a tail servo, the limiting factors are the tail servo resolution and the amount of slop in the tail rotor pitch control mechanism.. If the tail servo resolution is low, then the gain setting must be fairly low to prevent wag.. For a heli with a tail motor ESC, the limiting ...
the_green_anole_lizard_anolis_carolinensis_when_caught_by_a_predator_can_lose_its_tail_and_then_grow_it_back_by_understanding_the_secret_of_how_lizards_regenerate_their_tails_researchers_may_be_able_to_develop_ways_to_stimulate_the_regeneration_of_lim
Its never quite the same after that first one, is it? Researchers have found that the regenerated tail of a lizard is dramatically different from its ...
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The history of Otter Tail Power Company from 1871 to the present. OTPCo was named after the Otter Tail River, which provided the companys first source of power.
Stud tail is only one of many names for this unexpected discoloration or odor around your cats tail. If your cat is suffering from it, learn how to take proactive steps.
PROTON SAGA BLM GENUINE PARTS TAIL LAMP UNIT RH OR LH,Price: RM165.00,End time 10/22/2021 6:00 PM MYT,Category: Tail Lamps / Lighting / Automotive
I cannot tell what is wrong with my corydoras if there is even anything wrong at all. Many of my cories have bloodied tail fins with sections which appear to have been torn off. Some are missing barbarels, and one has a reddened mouth as well. One of my corys was swimming really odd last week, so I treated it for parasites and it stopped swimming like that, but its still really bloody. One of my older female corys was also laying on her side a few minutes ago, and I removed her for possible
Higham and Russell argue that the geckos tail the faster movements are more interesting. They think that these flips are not controlled by a set of neurons in the spinal cord that out a rhythm. They marshal a few pieces of evidence for their hypothesis. First, they note that the flips only occur for a couple of minutes after the tails been removed, whereas the slow movements continue for up to half an hour. Second, the flips are extremely variable compared to the slow movements, even after you take into account the fact that theyre shorter. Third, when a flip occurs, the muscles along the tail are active simultaneously, compared to the slow movements, where the muscles along the tail are activated one after another ...
The Celestial Plane Muscle is a sleeveless top in a heavyweight cotton construction in a crew neck. This piece features rat tail detail, Ksubi crosses, and p...
Presence of a naturally shortened tail. Description: DNA test can identifying dogs carrying the phenotype Natural Bobtail. Symptoms : Shortened tail, variability according to individuals: missing tail to 3/4 of tail length. Age of onset : _. Frequency : _. Gene involved : T. Tested mutation : c.295C>G. Transmission : Autosomal Dominant. Patent : _. Notes : _. PrintSend to a friendTweet WidgetPartager sur Facebook ...
Homozygotes and some heterozygotes develop urogenital abnormalities, and die shortly after birth. Heterozygotes have short tails and other abnormalities. Maint. by Glw. ...
We spoke with two experts to learn more about why lizards lose their tails and how you can keep your pet as healthy as possible during this situation.
A peculiar phenomenon was observed in the southeastern sky last evening at about 7:30, when three streaks of fire, extending upward from the horizon, each of equal length and apparently the same distance apart, were visible. They resembled tails of comets and were very bright when first seen, gradually fading until 8 oclock, when they disappeared. The same thing was seen some three months ago and noted in the Herald at the time ...
id:4728,bid:15898,uid:0,title:A CLEAN PET,username:lambrhondal,rating:4,pros:CLEAN ANIMALS,cons:NA,description:I LOVE THE NAME OF YOUR BUSINESS FOR THAT IS EXACTLY WHAT IT IS A CLEANING FROM HEAD TO TAIL. THANKS FOR GROOMING THOSE LITTLE ONES.,date_added:1204096678,date_modified:null,is_external:1,external_site_name:zootoo,external_site_url:null,external_user_profile:null,status:1 ...
Tail. Pieces, The Green Box, Berlin 2011. ISBN 978-3-941644-30-4 Curating in the Caribbean, The Green Box, Berlin 2012 (ed. ...
TAIL. A topping and Indian Crow. BUTT. Black herl. BODY. In two equal sections : No. 1, of yellow silk (butter-cup colour) ... Two strips of black Turkey with white tips, Golden Pheasant tail, Bustard, grey Mallard, Peacock (sword feather) Swan dyed blue ...
Hindi pū̃ch 'tail', Tocharian B päkā 'tail; chowrie', and Lithuanian paustìs 'fur'. The bushy tail also forms the basis for the ... tail', and Ojibwa waagosh from waa, which refers to the up and down "bounce" or flickering of an animal or its tail. Macdonald ... Nine-tailed foxes appear in Chinese folklore, literature, and mythology, in which, depending on the tale, they can be a good or ... Red foxes, by contrast, have a typical auburn pelt, the tail normally ending with a white marking. A fox's coat color and ...
Kab-Zic, Volume 4. Tail. p. 480. Hodgson, J. C. (1894). "History of the Berwickshire Naturalists' Club". 14. Berwickshire ...
... tail', Tocharian B päkā 'tail; chowrie', and Lithuanian paustìs 'fur'. The bushy tail also forms the basis for the fox's Welsh ... A black spot, the location of the supracaudal gland, is usually present at the base of the tail. The tip of the tail is white. ... The top of the tail is brownish-reddish, but lighter in colour than the back and flanks. The underside of the tail is pale grey ... tail', and Ojibwe waagosh from waa, which refers to the up and down "bounce" or flickering of an animal or its tail. The ...
During "TAIL" Online Showcase for the press she said: "there's no such thing as 'it has to be my song at all costs' because I ... Sunmi released her new single album Tail on February 23, 2021, with the lead single of the same name. Sunmi is known in the K- ... "Tail". March 11, 2021. "Sunmi Chart History: Billboard Korea K-Pop 100". Billboard. Retrieved July 30, 2020. "24 Hours". ... Herald, The Korea (February 23, 2021). "Sunmi returns with a bold swing of 'Tail'". www.koreaherald.com. Retrieved April 27, ...
In lobsters, shrimp and other decapods, the telson, along with the uropods forms the tail fan. This is used as a paddle in the ... "Tail". External Anatomy of Polydesmida. Retrieved 4 November 2013. Lewis, J. G. E. (2008). The Biology of Centipedes (Digitally ... "tail" and the scorpion sting). Some authorities have urged that the usage of this word in this context be discouraged.[why?] In ... "tail" called the caudal furca may be present. The shape and composition of the telson differs between arthropod groups. ...
Tail. Three rabbit's whiskers. Wings and Legs. Made buzz from a mottled feather of the mallard, stained olive. (See Dyes, Chap ...
Tail', for example, is tangled and inert and teeters precariously on the brink of disappearing up its own arsehole, but a ... Three singles were released from Parables for Wooden Ears: "Tail", released on 14 June 1994, "Grave Concern", released on 22 ... "Tail". Discography. Powderfinger Central. Retrieved 25 December 2007.[dead link] "Grave Concern". Discography. Powderfinger ... "Walking Stick" - 4:06 "Tail" - 5:27 "Hurried Bloom" - 3:34 "Fathers' Pyramid" - 4:38 (Fanning, Coghill) "Bridle You" - 3:56 " ...
Body parts (10 words): blood; bone; ear; eye; hair (body)/fur/feather; hand; nose; tail; tongue; tooth Animals (5 words): ... tail' (STEDT #1288) *l(y)a ⪤ *lay ⪤ *ley 'tongue' (STEDT #621) *g-na 'nose' (STEDT #803) *swa; [*džway] 'tooth' (STEDT #632; # ...
Red-tailed hawks are held in high regard in the UK due to the ease of breeding them in captivity, their inherent hardiness, and ... The red-tailed hawk is also considered a good bird for beginners. The Eurasian or common buzzard is also used, although this ... The red-tailed hawk, ferruginous hawk, and rarely, the red-shouldered hawk are all examples of species from this genus that are ... The red-tailed hawk is hardy and versatile, taking rabbits, hares, and squirrels; given the right conditions, it can catch the ...
... tail). The Pisces Plagiuri included those animals then classed as fish whose tails' flat surfaces faced anatomically up and ...
... tail => { decrement(cur match { case '+' => state9(tail, arg1) case '-' => state10(tail, arg1) case ')' => state11(tail, arg1) ... tail) case '0' => state2(tail) case '1' => state3(tail) case c => throw new ParseException(c) }) } case Stream() => throw new ... tail) case '0' => state2(tail) case '1' => state3(tail) case c => throw new ParseException(c) }) } case Stream() => throw new ... tail) case '0' => state2(tail) case '1' => state3(tail) case c => throw new ParseException(c) }) } case Stream() => throw new ...
Total length 26 inches; tail 7.5. It is endemic to Southern Western Ghats in Kerala and Tamil Nadu states of South India, from ...
... cruciform tail; two pilots seated side by side under the wing; access to the cockpit by side doors; tricycle undercarriage with ...
She catches a fish, brings it home and names it Jayne Mansfield because she had a "great tail switch." In a sketch entitled The ... Serpent's Tail; 1996), Sex Lives of the Hollywood Goddesses 2 (Nigel Cawthorne; Prion; 2004), Diamonds to Dust: The Life and ...
dog's tail'; pop. 69) is a small peninsula located in the east of the island. The name probably comes from the shape of the ...
Serpent's Tail. p. 138. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Wilmer, Val (2018). As Serious as your Life. Serpent's Tail. p ...
Tail Gears. PL-8 Main Gear Design And Trade Offs Trade-offs in shock absorber design of a nose wheeled aircraft. Geometry, ... A "T" tail configuration improves rudder effectiveness and prevents the stabilator from interfering with the folded wings. Wing ... Staff writers, "Pazmany's PL-4 Features "T" Tail and VW Engine", Sport Flying, October 1972. Pazmany, L. "The Pazmany PL-4A is ... Very few formed blocks are necessary, considering that the wing and horizontal tail have constant chord. The wing has a 15% ...
... ikuR tail; *iSeq urine; *uRat vein, sinew; *utaq vomit Other *asu/wasu dog; *aCab cover; *ian home; *uNay splinter These are ...
Altered State: The Story of Ecstasy Culture and Acid House, Matthew Collin, 1997, Serpent's Tail ISBN 1-85242-377-3 Childs, ... Serpent's Tail. p. 115. ISBN 9781852423827. "Gaudi , Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved 5 September 2020. Mattingly, ... Crossfade: A Big Chill Anthology, Serpents Tail, London, 2004. "Ambient music - Definition of ambient by Dictionary.com". ...
... tail. Examples: Dasyurus ("hairy tail"); Coelurosauria ("hollow tail lizards"); Uromastyx ("tail scourge") veloci-: ... Examples: Anurognathus ("tail-less jaw"); Apus ("without foot"); Apteryx ("wingless"); Pteranodon ("toothless wing") -acanth, ... Examples: Pachycephalosaurus ("thick-headed lizard"); Pachylemur ("thick lemur"); Pachyuromys ("thick tailed mouse") para-: ...
Serpent's Tail. p. 115. ISBN 978-1-85242-382-7. Mattingly, Rick (2002). The Techno Primer: The Essential Reference for Loop- ...
V-tail. R-26P2 Second prototype, first flown in August 1961. Conventional tail. R-26S Góbé Production aircraft, built from 1963 ... The landing gear consists of a fixed monowheel and a tail skid. The balanced rudder is notably large and effective. The V-tail ...
Hussain, Zahid (2010). Scorpion's Tail. New York: Simon and Schuster. p. 245. ISBN 978-1439157862. Retrieved 7 April 2015. ...
Total length 17.3 inches; tail 4.2. Location: Camorta in Nicobar Islands Boulenger, G. A. 1890. Fauna of British India. ...
Rat Tail Handle: This handle is longer & thinner than the standard making it easy to hold to give greater control. Long Handle ... tail) hair. Sabeline is ox hair dyed red to look like red sable and sometimes blended with it. Camel hair is a generic term for ...
Wings: Fairly broad, with long primaries reaching almost to the end of the tail. Tail: Long. Legs: Thighs well feathered. Feet ... Thin or weak body, upright stance; too much of a blue tinge in the colouring, white feathers in the primaries, muffs, tail, ...
Serpent's Tail. p. 19. ISBN 978-1-84765-649-0. Tomás Graves (2004). Tuning Up at Dawn: A Memoir of Music and Majorca. Fourth ...
Serpent's Tail. ISBN 1-85242-319-6. Horsley, Lee. "1920-1945: The Interwar Period and the Development of Hard-boiled Crime ...
... have tail-like appendages that are sometimes referred to as tails. Tailed objects are sometimes referred to as "caudate" and ... detached tail or left with only the tail while the lizard flees. Tails cast in this manner generally grow back over time, ... Tails are also used for social signaling. Some deer species flash the white underside of their tails to warn other nearby deer ... As the embryo develops into a fetus, the tail is absorbed by the growing body. Infrequently, a child is born with a "soft tail ...
The yellow-tail, goldtail moth or swan moth (Euproctis similis) is a moth of the family Erebidae. It is distributed throughout ... "Yellow tail moth caterpillar from Talangama wetlands, Sri Lanka". flickr.com. Retrieved 15 June 2016.. ... "Yellow-tail Euproctis similis". UKMoths. Retrieved 19 November 2016.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw- ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yellow-tail&oldid=868666967" ...
... BSD General Commands Manual TAIL(1) NAME tail -- display the last part of a file SYNOPSIS tail [-F , -f , -r] [-b ... DIAGNOSTICS The tail utility exits 0 on success, and ,0 if an error occurs. SEE ALSO cat(1), head(1), sed(1) STANDARDS The tail ... F The -F option implies the -f option, but tail will also check to see if the file being followed has been renamed or rotated. ... f The -f option causes tail to not stop when end of file is reached, but rather to wait for additional data to be appended to ...
What is Tail Risk. Tail risk is a form of portfolio risk that arises when the possibility that an investment will move more ... Hedging Against Tail Risk. Although tail events that negatively impact portfolios are rare, they may have large negative ... However, the concept of tail risk suggests that the distribution of returns is not normal, but skewed, and has fatter tails. ... it is said to have fat tails. A leptokurtic distribution, or heavy tailed distribution, depicts situations in which extreme ...
Tail Sting (2001) R , 1h 33min , Action, Adventure, Horror , 1 January 2001 (USA) ... Also, when the queen is at the bar, you can see a crewmember holding the tail on a stick. See more » ...
Tail Lights Fade (1999) R , 1h 27min , Comedy, Action, Drama , 3 December 1999 (Canada) ...
Mares-tail grows from submerged, stout rootstocks along the margins of lakes and ponds in temperate regions throughout the ... Mares-tail, the aquatic plant Hippuris vulgaris or either of two other species of its genus, in the plantain family ( ... mares-tailMares-tail (Hippuris vulgaris).. David Stang. This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy Tikkanen, ... Mares-tail, the aquatic plant Hippuris vulgaris or either of two other species of its genus, in the plantain family ( ...
Its only "attack" is when it flails it tail at a predator. Like a porcupines quills, the squirrels are barbed. This means ... Desc This squirrel has evolved a interesting defense mechanism- quills on the bottom of its tail.They are usually flat, but the ... squirrel lifts its tail and erects the quills when it is threatened. Its coloration is that of a stripped skunk. ... Mutations/powers: spines or quills (quilled tail). ...
Lizards tail, member of the lizards-tail family (Saururaceae), found in marshy areas of eastern North America. The plant has ... Lizards tail, also called water dragon (Saururus cernuus), member of the lizards-tail family (Saururaceae), found in marshy ... lizards tailLizards tail (Saururus cernuus).. Robert H. Mohlenbrock/U.S.Department of Agriculture,NRCS PLANTS Database. ... Small, white flowers grow in a spike with a drooping tip (the lizards tail). ...
Airplane Photos & Aviation Photos - View, Search, or Upload Photos! Over 100,000 pictures
E-Tail Fiddles While States Burn. Untaxed Internet sales could cost state and local governments up to $3.8 billion in lost tax ...
Tooth and Tail is a Real-Time-Strategy game featuring Single Player, Online Competitive Play, Split Screen, Replays, and more. ... Zakoupit Tooth and Tail Soundtrack Edition BALÍČEK (?) Obsahuje následující položky (celkem 2): Tooth and Tail, Tooth and Tail ... Zakoupit Tooth and Tail + Monaco BALÍČEK (?) Obsahuje následující položky (celkem 2): Monaco, Tooth and Tail ... "Those looking for a hot new strategy game should look no further than Tooth and Tail.". 4/5 - Hardcore Gamer. "Tooth and Tail ...
... resulting in the loss of her tail. Today, Winter is a healthy dolphin who has learned to use a prosthetic tail. Use this guide ... What are some of the reasons she keeps getting new tails?. *She currently outgrows her tails. Shes only a few years old and ... She had learned to swim moving sideways without a tail and had to be trained to move up and down with the prosthetic tail. ... Thanks to Hanger Prosthetics & Orthotics, Winter now wears a prosthetic (artificial) tail. Her current tail took a long time to ...
When non-venomous predators attack, tail-shedding is only useful in the relatively rare instances when the tail is firmly ... But when a viper strikes, even glancing contact with the lizards tail can inject a lethal dose of venom. In that case, the ... U.S. ecologists say theyve identified the main factor that determines a lizards ability to shed its tail when predators ... University of Michigan scientists say tail-shedding is a common anti-predator defense among some lizards, with the ease with ...
Leviathan Eats Its Tail By Jillian Kay Melchior * About Jillian Kay Melchior ... Theres a delightful irony when the hungry Leviathan ends up eating its own tail. ...
One of the fabled blades from Dust: An Elysian Tail, this blade has a personality all its own! ... Assume the look of Dust: An Elysian Tails boisterous nimbat sword guardian with this Fidget Mask! ... Shield your identity from curious onlookers with Dusts trademark hat from Dust: An Elysian Tail! ... A hand-woven dress from the northlands, worn by Ginger in Dust: An Elysian Tail. ...
Shop CafePress for Tail Water Bottles. Find great designs on high quality durable Stainless Steel Water Bottles and Sport ... Shop our wide variety of Tail Water Bottles to express your personality and shrink your environmental footprint. People always ...
Re: The Tell Tail Heart ,! .. No doubt I now grew very pale; --but I talked more fluently, and with a heightened voice. Yet the ... Re: The Tell Tail Heart ,! .. Upon the eighth night I was more than usually cautious in opening the door. A watchs minute hand ...
The amino-terminal domain of the histone H2, or the histone tail, can be post-translationally modified, and it acts as a ... a, The amino-terminal (NH2) tail of the human H3 histone protein contains a string of amino acids (ARTK) that can be ... Methylation of the lysine in ARTK of the H3 histone tail is associated with active gene transcription. b, Marazzi and ... The four main histone proteins (H2A, H2B, H3 and H4) consist of a globular domain and an unstructured amino-terminal tail ...
Explain what it is doing! is water coming out of the tail pipe? do you see white smoke coming out of the tail pipe? ... Why would white smoke be coming out of the tail-pipe of a Nissan 200SX. ?. Color: Black: unburned fuel running rich Blue: Oil ... What does it mean when your engine sputters and you have white smoke coming from you tail pipes. ?. White smoke coming from ... What does black smoke from the tail pipe mean. ?. The vehicle is running rich. Too much fuel to the amount of air. ...
The Ultimate Bicycle Tail-Light on Indiegogo. ...
Eagle Lake Township is a township in Otter Tail County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 367 at the 2000 census. ...
China Holds Internet Dragon By Tail. By Tom Steinert-Threlkeld, [email protected] Week GUANGZHOU, China, 15 May, 2000 - She has a ...
Tail definition is - the rear end or a process or prolongation of the rear end of the body of an animal. How to use tail in a ... Examples of tail in a Sentence. Verb. The police had been tailing the suspect for several miles. She is constantly tailed by ... Other Words from tail Synonyms & Antonyms Example Sentences Learn More about tail ... Comments on tail. What made you want to look up tail? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if ...
All rights reserved. Chicago Mercantile Association: Certain market data is the property of Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. and its licensors. All rights reserved. Dow Jones: The Dow Jones branded indices are proprietary to and are calculated, distributed and marketed by DJI Opco, a subsidiary of S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC and have been licensed for use to S&P Opco, LLC and CNN. Standard & Poors and S&P are registered trademarks of Standard & Poors Financial Services LLC and Dow Jones is a registered trademark of Dow Jones Trademark Holdings LLC. All content of the Dow Jones branded indices © S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC ...
Butterfly the Tails. Butterflying the tails allows the flesh to absorb seasonings and the scent of smoke from the grill. Cut ... Serve the Tails. Let the tails rest for several minutes after you cook them. Remove skewers after the cooling period and serve ... To prevent each tail from curving, insert a metal or bamboo skewer along the length of the tail to keep it straight. Place the ... Preparing a Lobster Tail for Cooking How to manipulate the shell on lobster tail for cooking; learn this and more in this free ...
Happy Tail: Dixie steals a heart. by Joan, staff writer Dixie came to Livingston County Humane Society in Pontiac, IL, as a ...
Sting in the Tail je sedmnácté studiové album německé heavymetalové kapely Scorpions. V Evropě vyšlo 19. března 2010 (14. ... Sting in the Tail • Comeblack • Return to Forever ... Sting in the Tail" Meine, Rudolf Schenker. Meine. 3:13. 3.. „ ... Citováno z „https://cs.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sting_in_the_Tail&oldid=15476380" ...
Mothers Day Tail Read to children The Mothers Day Mice by Eve Bunting (Houghton Mifflin). Talk about the three mice ...
Longevity of Snake-Tail Wiggle. Order Reprints, Todays Paper,Subscribe ... How long does the tail of a dead snake wiggle? View Full Article in Timesmachine » ...
  • Thaw frozen lobster tails completely before you grill them. (ehow.com)
  • Heads Or Tails? (redorbit.com)
  • Call it in the air, Heads or Tails, Heads we go to London, And try to save the queen, Tails we go to Paris, And try our hand at Romance, I need a chance to show you, That I'll take you anywhere, So call it in the air. (lyricsfreak.com)
  • Also, don't forget to go vote for Tooth and Tail for Best Strategy Game in the 2017 Game Awards! (steampowered.com)
  • Tooth and Tail nominated for Best Strategy Game in 2017 Game Awards - VOTE NOW! (steampowered.com)
  • With Thanksgiving upon us and the November 2017 due on the newsstands in just days, the team at Tail Fly Fishing Magazine announced their decision to donate all proceeds for the month of November to hurricane relief efforts in each state. (prweb.com)
  • Robbie Betteridge gave a masterful account of the Westley Richards "Monkey-Tails" rifles, 1858 - 1882, and provided several excellent specimens to examine, as well as a large number of illustrations. (slideshare.net)
  • Tail docking (routine or selective) is carried out on only 4% of dairy farms, down from 9% in 2016 and 13% in 2014. (dairyaustralia.com.au)
  • Amphibians such as frogs or salamanders have a remarkable ability to regenerate amputated limbs and tails. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Some deer species flash the white underside of their tails to warn other nearby deer of possible danger, beavers slap the water with their tails to indicate danger, and canids (including domestic dogs) indicate emotions through the positioning and movement of their tails. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some species' tails are armored, and some, such as those of scorpions, contain venom. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some species of lizard can detach ("cast") their tails from their bodies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various species of rat demonstrate a similar function with their tails, known as degloving, in which the outer layer is shed in order for the animal to escape from a predator. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some species-such as birds of paradise, lyrebirds, and most notably peafowl-modified tail feathers play an important role in courtship displays. (wikipedia.org)
  • The extra-stiff tail feathers of other species, including woodpeckers and woodcreepers, allow them to brace themselves firmly against tree trunks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mare's-tail , the aquatic plant Hippuris vulgaris or either of two other species of its genus, in the plantain family (Plantaginaceae). (britannica.com)
  • University of Michigan scientists say tail-shedding is a common anti-predator defense among some lizards, with the ease with which they can shed their tails varying from species to species and place to place. (redorbit.com)
  • The recent paper " Amputation-induced reactive oxygen species are required for successful Xenopus tadpole tail regeneration ," by Nick Love and colleagues, published online in the journal Nature Cell Biology on Jan. 13, 2013, elegantly demonstrates that reactive oxygen species (ROS), also known as oxygen radicals or oxidants, play a critical role in the regeneration of amphibian tails. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Veronica ranunculina (Charleston Mountain Kitten's Tail) is a species of perennial herb in the family Plantaginaceae . (eol.org)
  • They resembled tails of comets and were very bright when first seen, gradually fading until 8 o'clock, when they disappeared. (nytimes.com)
  • Comets typically have two tails: one of dust and a fainter one of electrically conducting gas called plasma. (nasa.gov)
  • Predominant in woodlands throughout the world, Turkey Tail ( Trametes versicolor ) is one of the best-documented mushrooms in scientific research. (fungi.com)
  • With a wide spectrum of beneficial properties, Turkey Tail shows much promise in supporting the immune system with its protein-bound and unique polysaccharides. (fungi.com)
  • In the 2019 Indiana White-tailed Deer Report , Indiana DNR estimated peak breeding dates for every county. (in.gov)
  • A variety of illnesses reveal themselves on a dog's tail. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Parasites can live on a dog's tail, where it's harder for the dog to reach them and gnaw them away. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Many types of problems that manifest themselves around a dog's tail are lumped into "dermatitis. (ehow.co.uk)
  • A dog's tail is a fascinating piece of work. (livescience.com)
  • A recent essay by Douglas Quenqua in the New York Times about this research called " A Dog's Tail Wag Can Say a Lot " noted, "When watching a tail wag to the left [of a silhouette of a dog projected on a screen], the dogs showed signs of anxiety, like a higher heart rate. (livescience.com)
  • Lizard's tail , also called water dragon ( Saururus cernuus ) , member of the lizard's-tail family (Saururaceae), found in marshy areas of eastern North America . (britannica.com)
  • Small, white flowers grow in a spike with a drooping tip (the lizard's tail). (britannica.com)
  • lizard's tail Lizard's tail ( Saururus cernuus ). (britannica.com)
  • But when a viper strikes, even glancing contact with the lizard's tail can inject a lethal dose of venom. (redorbit.com)
  • She had learned to swim moving sideways without a tail and had to be trained to move up and down with the prosthetic tail. (scholastic.com)
  • That she learned to use a prosthetic tail. (scholastic.com)
  • Your class will visit Winter in her home, watch how she uses her prosthetic tail, learn from her trainers, interact with authors of the book, and learn about dolphins and marine life. (scholastic.com)
  • Butterfly lobster tails so the smokiness from the grill penetrates the meat. (ehow.com)
  • Cooking lobster tails on the grill is fast and easy, and it leads to delicious, tender meat when done properly. (ehow.com)
  • While you can cook lobster tails whole with no preparation, butterflying and seasoning the tails increases the overall flavor. (ehow.com)
  • Rub curry paste onto the exposed flesh or a blend of ginger, garlic and lemongrass for an Asian-inspired lobster tail. (ehow.com)
  • You also may turn the tails so the flesh faces the fire for a couple of minutes to produce charring, but this is not needed to fully cook the lobster. (ehow.com)
  • Wes Gruver of Miami, scuba instructor, breaks the tails off of lobster. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • These spicy lobster tails are so easy to make. (allrecipes.com)
  • Just a note on the lobster tails in supermarkets: if they're not frozen, they've been frozen and then thawed. (allrecipes.com)
  • Loosen lobster meat from the shell, leaving it attached near the tip of the tail. (allrecipes.com)
  • Broil in the preheated oven until lobster tails are browned and cooked through, 5 to 7 minutes. (allrecipes.com)
  • Where series like Total War, Age of Empires, and XCOM, serve up an endless buffet, Tooth And Tail from Pocketwatch Games feels more akin to fast food. (thesixthaxis.com)
  • Tail dock neuroma shows itself as crusty nodules at the site of where the tail had been cut off. (ehow.co.uk)
  • The vast majority of Australian dairy farmers do not dock the tails of any of their cows. (dairyaustralia.com.au)
  • Tooth and Tail is a Real-Time-Strategy game featuring Single Player, Online Competitive Play, Split Screen, Replays, and more. (steampowered.com)
  • Tooth And Tail remedies this with a much simpler approach. (thesixthaxis.com)
  • As much as I wanted to find out more about the world of Tooth And Tail, the single player missions are a bit too dry. (thesixthaxis.com)
  • Tooth And Tail charts the midpoint between traditional RTS games and their massively popular mobile counterparts. (thesixthaxis.com)
  • To help ring in the New Year, we're bringing you the Happy Tail of Sara, a sweet senior cat whose journey to a permanent home took more than seven years. (aspca.org)
  • Here's Sara's Happy Tail. (aspca.org)
  • The earlier tail-strikes took place on February 7 and 19 this year in Bagdogra and Delhi and August 12, 2008 in Bangalore. (hindustantimes.com)
  • A series of tail strikes is a clear indication that there is something wrong in the training as well as the procedures that are followed," said Capt Mohan Ranganathan, member of a government committee on air safety. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Infrequently, a child is born with a '"soft tail", which contains no vertebrae, but only blood vessels, muscles, and nerves, but this is regarded as an abnormality rather than a vestigial true tail, even when such an appendage is located where the tail would be expected. (wikipedia.org)
  • Humans have a "tail bone" (the coccyx) attached to the pelvis, formed of fused vertebrae, usually four, at the bottom of the vertebral column. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unfortunately, Winter lost her entire tail as well as two vertebrae as a result of the serious injuries that she had sustained. (scholastic.com)
  • Fewer than 40 cases have been reported of infants with "true tails" containing the caudal vertebrae, a result of atavism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers think the tail club, composed of tightly interlocking vertebrae with a large bony ball on the end, probably had limited vertical range of motion but could swing freely from side to side. (wired.com)
  • In the seconds before the crash, the flight data recorder registered several sharp, unusual movements of the rudder, which is part of the tail fin assembly and is used to help steer the aircraft. (latimes.com)
  • GpU plays an essential role in tail assembly by capping the rapidly polymerizing tail once it has reached its requisite length and serving as the interaction surface for the completion protein [ PMID: 2150582 ]. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • and some, such as New World monkeys and opossums, have what are known as prehensile tails, which are adapted to allow them to grasp tree branches. (wikipedia.org)
  • L. catta walks or runs quadrupedally on the ground and on the tops of branches, tail standing up for balance. (tolweb.org)
  • In that case, the researchers said, the ability to shed a tail within seconds -- before venom reaches the lizard's vital organs -- is essential for survival. (redorbit.com)
  • Protein from this gene determines whether a head or tail will regrow at appropriate amputation sites, the researchers found. (redorbit.com)
  • Some of the same researchers who looked at the left and right tail-wagging have recently discovered that dogs do, in fact, draw such conclusions. (livescience.com)
  • One of the researchers, Giorgio Vallortigara, a neuroscientist at the University of Trento in Italy, is quoted in the New York Time s essay as saying, "it is unlikely that dogs are wagging their tails to communicate with one another. (livescience.com)
  • To estimate just how hard Ankylosaurus could hit with its tail club, Canadian researchers examined CT scans of several fossilized tails from dinos of different sizes. (wired.com)
  • But researchers think the smaller tail clubs probably came from young dinosaurs who hadn't reached sexual maturity. (wired.com)
  • After excluding the possible confounding phenomenon that the increase in ROS was merely a bystander effect of increases in inflammatory cells, the researchers then performed a pivotal set of experiments in which they used antioxidants to see if these would affect the tail regeneration. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • This can help them to escape predators, which are either distracted by the wriggling, detached tail or left with only the tail while the lizard flees. (wikipedia.org)
  • U.S. ecologists say they've identified the main factor that determines a lizard's ability to shed its tail when predators attack: viper venom. (redorbit.com)
  • When non-venomous predators attack, tail-shedding is only useful in the relatively rare instances when the tail is firmly grasped by the predator, Foufopoulos said. (redorbit.com)
  • White, sweet smelling smoke coming out of tail pipe and or air bubbles constantly bubbling out of radiator cap opening with cap off. (answers.com)
  • She is constantly tailed by the press. (merriam-webster.com)
  • A red tail hawk flies with hops and barley in its talons. (beeradvocate.com)
  • This close resemblance may fool other creatures as well: Small animals in the west learn to ignore the abundant and harmless Turkey Vultures, and they may fail to notice an approaching Zone-tailed Hawk until it is too late. (audubon.org)
  • Most birds' tails end in long feathers called rectrices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hedging against tail risk aims to enhance returns over the long-term, but investors must assume short-term costs. (investopedia.com)
  • For example, if an investor is long exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that track the Standard & Poor's 500 Index (S&P 500), the investor could hedge against tail risk by purchasing derivatives on the Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE) Volatility Index, which is inversely correlated to the S&P 500. (investopedia.com)
  • Her current tail took a long time to develop, including several different models along the way. (scholastic.com)
  • Why do you think it took so long to develop her tail? (scholastic.com)
  • Cut along the center of the top of the shell - the curved, harder portion - lengthwise in a straight line running along the long part of the tail. (ehow.com)
  • HOW many arguments," asked the man who likes to speculate on thing in general, addressing himself to no one in particular -- " how many arguments do you suppose will be held during the present vacation on 'How long does the tail of a dead snake wiggle? (nytimes.com)
  • Scientists have long speculated that heavily armored ankylosaurids used their tail clubs to fend off other dinosaurs, but until now, no one had studied whether the club was a biologically feasible weapon. (wired.com)
  • Their long tails have a fur pattern of alternating black and white rings. (tolweb.org)
  • Tail docking of dairy cows is a painful procedure which may increase irritation from biting flies and cause long-term nerve damage. (dairyaustralia.com.au)
  • Crooked houses, floating markets, old bridges and elaborate temples crowd the water's edge as you whiz past on a long-tail boat. (indiatimes.com)
  • Credibility should increase over time, so the long tail and the tipping point lines are wrong. (longtail.com)
  • Both 'The Tipping Point' and 'The Long Tail' have come under heavy criticism recently, so the credibility graphs are exactly right. (longtail.com)
  • Desc This squirrel has evolved a interesting defense mechanism- quills on the bottom of its tail.They are usually flat, but the squirrel lifts its tail and erects the quills when it is threatened. (angelfire.com)
  • Here are some variants of the tail carriage. (adrk.de)
  • Distributions that are characterized by fat tails are often seen when looking at hedge fund returns. (investopedia.com)
  • SmartMane & Tail is designed to provide targeted support for strong, healthy mane and tail growth with a unique combination of key ingredients. (smartpakequine.com)
  • Whether you're trying to grow back a section of mane your horse rubbed out, or you just want the longest, fullest tail in the show ring, this unique formula is the ideal way to grow luscious locks all year round. (smartpakequine.com)
  • Many land animals use their tails to brush away flies and other biting insects. (wikipedia.org)
  • The tails of grazing animals, such as horses, are used both to sweep away insects and positioned or moved in ways that indicate the animal's physical or emotional state. (wikipedia.org)
  • Investigators are also scouring airplane junkyards for a tail fin from another A300 to take apart. (latimes.com)
  • To minimise the problem of dirty tails, excess tail hair can be trimmed once or twice per year, otherwise known as switch trimming. (dairyaustralia.com.au)
  • Dorman comprehensive line lighting components include headlights, side marker lights, tail lights and more! (carid.com)
  • All AnzoUSA™ tail lights are 100% street legal, and manufactured to the highest standards. (autozone.com)
  • In West Jordan, Boeing will make horizontal stabilizers for the aircraft's tail. (yahoo.com)
  • All these wallpapers and photoshop files are available for you to download for free to make Twin Tail Day cards for your family and friends. (dannychoo.com)
  • Concerning the dog's telltale tail, another question needing more detailed study is: What do dogs seeing a dog wag his or her tail make of the situation? (livescience.com)
  • Many dogs will experience problems with their tails at some point in their lifetimes. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Treating the underlying cause--along with the tail--is important to keeping dogs healthy and active. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Dogs have a sebaceous gland near the base of their tail, and when that gland becomes infected and enlarged, the skin becomes obviously irritated. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Aquatic moulds can infect dogs with pythiosis, which appears as nodules on the base of the tail, and sometimes elsewhere on the body. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Sporting breeds, particularly medium and large dogs, can suffer from limber tail syndrome or cold-water tail. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Dogs with tails that are set higher seem to be more susceptible. (ehow.co.uk)
  • The authors of the study concluded, "The finding that dogs are sensitive to the asymmetric tail expressions of other dogs supports the hypothesis of a link between brain asymmetry and social behavior and may prove useful to canine animal-welfare theory and practice. (livescience.com)
  • However, I find the results of the second study may well indicate that dogs are indeed communicating with one another and that the various responses to different tail wags aren't so easily dismissed as being a byproduct of the asymmetry of the brain. (livescience.com)
  • Rayo is a bicycle tail-light designed for the modern cyclist. (kickstarter.com)
  • The yellow-tail , goldtail moth or swan moth ( Euproctis similis ) is a moth of the family Erebidae . (wikipedia.org)
  • A dog with an injured tail--whether it was bitten by another dog, caught in a car door or yanked by a child--can turn into a skin-damaging wound. (ehow.co.uk)
  • A bitten tail can be painful and serious cases can lead to infection and abscesses of the spine. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
  • Tail module is designed for reading files which are continuously appended to (the name comes from the tail -f directive). (freshports.org)
  • Tails cast in this manner generally grow back over time, though the replacement is typically darker in colour than the original. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sting in the Tail je sedmnácté studiové album německé heavymetalové kapely Scorpions . (wikipedia.org)
  • Wear the robes of the fabled warrior, Dust, hero of Dust: An Elysian Tail! (xbox.com)
  • One of the fabled blades from Dust: An Elysian Tail, this blade has a personality all its own! (xbox.com)
  • Don the visage of the nefarious General Gaius in Dust: An Elysian Tail! (xbox.com)
  • Occasionally, the gravitational tug from a planet, another comet or a nearby star sends a comet into the inner solar system, where the sun's heat and radiation vaporizes gas and dust from the comet to form its tail. (nasa.gov)
  • The National Transportation Safety Board said NASA scientists examining the 27-foot tail fin found that some layers of the advanced composite material used to build it had peeled apart from each other, a phenomenon known as "delamination. (latimes.com)
  • While tails are primarily a feature of vertebrates, some invertebrates including scorpions and springtails, as well as snails and slugs, have tail-like appendages that are sometimes referred to as tails. (wikipedia.org)
  • The white-tailed deer breeding season, or rut, primarily occurs in October and November. (in.gov)
  • The file is closed and reopened when tail detects that the filename being read from has a new inode number. (freebsd.org)
  • Read an excerpt from Winter's Tail: How One Little Dolphin Learned to Swim Again . (scholastic.com)
  • Tail risk is a form of portfolio risk that arises when the possibility that an investment will move more than three standard deviations from the mean is greater than what is shown by a normal distribution . (investopedia.com)
  • These Tail Guards are made form hard wearing cordura nylon outer with a padded lining. (viovet.co.uk)
  • the tapering skirts or ends at the back of a coat, especially a tail coat . (dictionary.com)
  • The Tiger's Tail" is the story of Liam O'Leary (Brendan Gleeson), an Irish property developer of humble origins who has become rich and powerful on the back of the "Celtic Tiger," the name given to Ireland's illustrious economic boom. (aceshowbiz.com)
  • the squeal to are we more than friends now, Amy back for some revenge on the two people that ruining ger life SonicXFemale Tails. (fanfiction.net)
  • They found that within six hours of the tail's amputation, the residual tail tissue was flooded with high levels of the hydrogen peroxide, and that as the tail started growing back, the regenerative edge of the growing tail continued to show high levels of this oxidant. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • The explanation mentions that the hairstyle is admired worldwide and how titles like Sailor Moon and fashion brands have been spreading the appeal of the twin tail. (dannychoo.com)
  • Patent 633 of 1858 and An explanation of what the 'tail was and how it was made. (slideshare.net)
  • The tail fin and the plane's rudder--pulled from Jamaica Bay about a mile from the Queens neighborhood where the main fuselage crashed--showed little visible damage. (latimes.com)
  • A SpiceJet aircraft has been grounded by the civil aviation safety regulator -the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) - after the plane's belly was severely damaged in a tail-strike. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Although adults usually can be recognized by the trademark reddish-brown tail, the rest of their plumage can be quite variable, especially west of the Mississippi: Western Red-tails can range from blackish to rufous-brown to nearly white. (audubon.org)