Pupil: The aperture in the iris through which light passes.Pupil Disorders: Conditions which affect the structure or function of the pupil of the eye, including disorders of innervation to the pupillary constrictor or dilator muscles, and disorders of pupillary reflexes.Tonic Pupil: A pupillary abnormality characterized by a poor pupillary light reaction, reduced accommodation, iris sector palsies, an enhanced pupillary response to near effort that results in a prolonged, "tonic" constriction, and slow pupillary redilation. This condition is associated with injury to the postganglionic parasympathetic innervation to the pupil. (From Miller et al., Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology, 4th ed, pp492-500)Reflex, Pupillary: Constriction of the pupil in response to light stimulation of the retina. It refers also to any reflex involving the iris, with resultant alteration of the diameter of the pupil. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Mydriatics: Agents that dilate the pupil. They may be either sympathomimetics or parasympatholytics.Tropicamide: One of the MUSCARINIC ANTAGONISTS with pharmacologic action similar to ATROPINE and used mainly as an ophthalmic parasympatholytic or mydriatic.Mydriasis: Dilation of pupils to greater than 6 mm combined with failure of the pupils to constrict when stimulated with light. This condition may occur due to injury of the pupillary fibers in the oculomotor nerve, in acute angle-closure glaucoma, and in ADIE SYNDROME.Iris: The most anterior portion of the uveal layer, separating the anterior chamber from the posterior. It consists of two layers - the stroma and the pigmented epithelium. Color of the iris depends on the amount of melanin in the stroma on reflection from the pigmented epithelium.Anisocoria: Unequal pupil size, which may represent a benign physiologic variant or a manifestation of disease. Pathologic anisocoria reflects an abnormality in the musculature of the iris (IRIS DISEASES) or in the parasympathetic or sympathetic pathways that innervate the pupil. Physiologic anisocoria refers to an asymmetry of pupil diameter, usually less than 2mm, that is not associated with disease.Miosis: Pupillary constriction. This may result from congenital absence of the dilatator pupillary muscle, defective sympathetic innervation, or irritation of the CONJUNCTIVA or CORNEA.Accommodation, Ocular: The dioptric adjustment of the EYE (to attain maximal sharpness of retinal imagery for an object of regard) referring to the ability, to the mechanism, or to the process. Ocular accommodation is the effecting of refractive changes by changes in the shape of the CRYSTALLINE LENS. Loosely, it refers to ocular adjustments for VISION, OCULAR at various distances. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Adie Syndrome: A syndrome characterized by a TONIC PUPIL that occurs in combination with decreased lower extremity reflexes. The affected pupil will respond more briskly to accommodation than to light (light-near dissociation) and is supersensitive to dilute pilocarpine eye drops, which induce pupillary constriction. Pathologic features include degeneration of the ciliary ganglion and postganglionic parasympathetic fibers that innervate the pupillary constrictor muscle. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p279)Refraction, Ocular: Refraction of LIGHT effected by the media of the EYE.Aberrometry: The use of an aberrometer to measure eye tissue imperfections or abnormalities based on the way light passes through the eye which affects the ability of the eye to focus properly.Schools: Educational institutions.Eye Color: Color of the iris.Cyclopentolate: A parasympatholytic anticholinergic used solely to obtain mydriasis or cycloplegia.Refractive Errors: Deviations from the average or standard indices of refraction of the eye through its dioptric or refractive apparatus.Corneal Topography: The measurement of curvature and shape of the anterior surface of the cornea using techniques such as keratometry, keratoscopy, photokeratoscopy, profile photography, computer-assisted image processing and videokeratography. This measurement is often applied in the fitting of contact lenses and in diagnosing corneal diseases or corneal changes including keratoconus, which occur after keratotomy and keratoplasty.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.Visual Acuity: Clarity or sharpness of OCULAR VISION or the ability of the eye to see fine details. Visual acuity depends on the functions of RETINA, neuronal transmission, and the interpretative ability of the brain. Normal visual acuity is expressed as 20/20 indicating that one can see at 20 feet what should normally be seen at that distance. Visual acuity can also be influenced by brightness, color, and contrast.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Optics and Photonics: A specialized field of physics and engineering involved in studying the behavior and properties of light and the technology of analyzing, generating, transmitting, and manipulating ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION in the visible, infrared, and ultraviolet range.Glare: Relatively bright light, or the dazzling sensation of relatively bright light, which produces unpleasantness or discomfort, or which interferes with optimal VISION, OCULAR. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Presbyopia: The normal decreasing elasticity of the crystalline lens that leads to loss of accommodation.Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Astigmatism: Unequal curvature of the refractive surfaces of the eye. Thus a point source of light cannot be brought to a point focus on the retina but is spread over a more or less diffuse area. This results from the radius of curvature in one plane being longer or shorter than the radius at right angles to it. (Dorland, 27th ed)Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the eye or of vision disorders.Eye, Artificial: A ready-made or custom-made prosthesis of glass or plastic shaped and colored to resemble the anterior portion of a normal eye and used for cosmetic reasons. It is attached to the anterior portion of an orbital implant (ORBITAL IMPLANTS) which is placed in the socket of an enucleated or eviscerated eye. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Digestive System Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.p-Hydroxyamphetamine: Amphetamine metabolite with sympathomimetic effects. It is sometimes called alpha-methyltyramine, which may also refer to the meta isomer, gepefrine.Digestive System Diseases: Diseases in any part of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the accessory organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).Digestive System: A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).Diagnostic Errors: Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.Digestive System and Oral Physiological Phenomena: Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM and DENTITION as a whole or of any of its parts.Child, Exceptional: A child whose needs, abilities, or other characteristics vary so much from the average in mental, physical, or social areas that a greater than usual level of services is needed to facilitate the child's maximum potential development.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.War: Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.Bell Palsy: A syndrome characterized by the acute onset of unilateral FACIAL PARALYSIS which progresses over a 2-5 day period. Weakness of the orbicularis oculi muscle and resulting incomplete eye closure may be associated with corneal injury. Pain behind the ear often precedes the onset of paralysis. This condition may be associated with HERPESVIRUS 1, HUMAN infection of the facial nerve. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1376)Child Day Care Centers: Facilities which provide care for pre-school and school-age children.KansasAutistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)Norepinephrine: Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.Saliva: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.Child Development Disorders, Pervasive: Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.BooksCurriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Book SelectionBook Reviews as Topic: Critical analyses of books or other monographic works.Rare Books
Dilated pupils (mydriasis). *Hunger, borborygmus. *Nausea, vomiting, abdominal discomfort. *Headache. Central nervous system[ ... Serious illness may result in low blood sugar. Severe disease of nearly all major organ systems can cause hypoglycemia as a ... Clarke WL, Cox D, Gonder-Frederick LA, Carter W, Pohl SL (1987). "Evaluating clinical accuracy of systems for self-monitoring ... as captured by a retrospective continuous glucose monitoring system". Endocrine Practice. 16 (2): 244-8. doi:10.4158/EP09260.CR ...
Pupil vertically elliptic. Body cylindrical or slightly laterally compressed. Tail moderate or long. Dorsal scales smooth, with ... Natürliches System der Amphibien, mit vorangehender Classification des Säugthiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden ... "Oxyrhopus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 26 February 2011. Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the Snakes ...
Kondis v State Transport Authority
The reflex, controlled by the parasympathetic nervous system, involves three responses; pupil accommodation, lens accommodation ... The pupil constricts in order to prevent strongly diverging light rays hitting the periphery of the cornea and the lens from ... During accommodation, the pupil constricts to increase the depth of focus of the eye by blocking the light scattered by the ... The refractive index of the eye's lens system allows the eye to produce sharply focused images. For example, geometrical optics ...
N. Jeremy Kasdin
"". "Daily Princetonian article on "The Pupil"". Retrieved 2016-01-14. "Economist article on animal-tracking system". Retrieved ... Kasdin's work on shaped pupil coronagraphy, one of the techniques being developed for WFIRST, has demonstrated high contrast ... "Princeton article on tests of animal-tracking system". Retrieved 2016-01-14. "Professor Jeremy Kasdin selected to NASA WFIRST ... "Boston Micromachines article on shaped pupil coronagraphy". Retrieved 2016-01-14. Jeremy Kasdin's 2014 TED talk on Starshades. ...
Branston Community Academy
This system has since ended. Classroom space expanded through increased pupil numbers. A new library and office accommodation ... The school for many years ran a house system based on royal houses, with allocated colours: Tudor (yellow), Lancaster (red), ... By 1959 around 350 pupils were enrolled. The name was shortened to Branston County Secondary School in 1968, and to Branston ...
Hephzibah High School
Neither system has been verified with a student-by-student study of a given class. Many believe that the Augusta Chronicle's ... "School honors pupil killed in 1953 blast". The Augusta Chronicle. Retrieved 18 December 2014. http://chronicle.augusta.com/ ... It is the largest high school, by attendance, in the Richmond County School System. It is located in a rural area and its ... A land swap occurred between the Richmond County School System and the Richmond County Recreational Department in order to ...
Numinbah Valley School of Arts
In Maryland, most school systems are run at the county level, but the Baltimore City system operates separately, at a county- ... "Assigning elementary pupils to their teachers.". The Elementary School Journal. 88(2): 166-187. ... Not all school systems constitute school districts as distinct bodies corporate. In most Southern states, school systems ... In France, the system of the carte scolaire was dismantled by the beginning of the 2007 school year. More school choice has ...
John Stewart (Northern Ireland politician)
Medfield Public Schools
"Total Expenditure Per Pupil, All Funds, By Function". Total Expenditure Per Pupil, All Funds, By Function. Massachusetts ... Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System". 2011 MCAS Results - Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System. ... The Medfield School District continually ranks among the top ten school systems in the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment ... System (MCAS). http://www.doe.mass.edu Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (2011). " ...
North Allegheny Senior High School
In 2013, enrollment was 1,277 pupils in grades 11th and 12th, with 3% of pupils from a low income home. In 2013, North ... The electronic Parent Portal is a web-based grade book and reporting system that provides parents access to student records ... North Allegheny Senior High School reported an enrollment of 1,314 pupils in grades 11th and 12th, with 43 pupils eligible for ... The North Allegheny School Board has determined that a pupil must earn 21 credits to graduate, including: math 3 credits, ...
The basal optic system also controls eye movements. The pretectum controls the size of the pupil. The circadian rhythm in the ... Some of the others are the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN), the superior colliculus, the basal optic system, and the pretectum ... doi:10.1046/j.1460-9568.2002.02102.x. Giolli, Blanks, Lui, "The accessory optic system: basic organization with an update on ... but it has not yet been determined whether the systems of cold-blooded vertebrates were slowed as a result of decreased ...
Dr. Antonio Da Silva High School and Junior College of Commerce
The house system serves as the centre of school life, with students from different houses often competing at sports and other ... Pupils are known as "Antonians". The Antonians and press often call alumni Antonians Almuns, or simply Old Boys. The vast ... "The Students House System of the Dr Antonio Da Silva high school". eduraft. Retrieved 20 March 2013. "The Students of the Dr ... In many societies pupils come together to discuss a particular topic or subject, presided over by a schoolmaster and often ...
... as there are no Middle Schools in the Nigerian education system, elementary school (primary school) ends in grade 6. Pupils ( ... Other systems to group the grades are also present: for example, six years of elementary school then six years of high school; ... Pupils are aged 14-15. In Ireland, eighth grade is equivalent to 2nd Year. Students are between 13 and 14 years old at the ... In Indonesia, 8th grade is known as Kelas 2 SMP (Indonesian for the number 2). Pupils usually are aged from 13 to 14 years old ...
Lateral grey column
The nervous system is divided into the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and the peripheral nervous system ( ... Horner's syndrome is characterized by small pupils, sunken eyes, partially drooping eyelid, and dryness of the skin on the face ... The peripheral nervous system is divided into the somatic nervous system (voluntary processes) and the autonomic nervous system ... The nervous system is the system of neurons, or nerve cells, that relay electrical signals through the brain and body. A nerve ...
Education in Mauritius
The education system in Mauritius is largely based on the British system since Mauritius was a former British colony. It ... The pupil/teacher ratio was 11. In addition to providing pre-vocational and vocational education and training options for early ... The system is highly competitive and a two-year preparation starts since Standard V up to Standard VI for the end of primary ... Those who do not pass the CPE at either attempt are not eligible to join the secondary system and may enter the Technical and ...
Ryan Bradley (Gaelic footballer)
He is a past pupil of Crana College. He is married to Claire Sheerin, a cousin of Donegal teammate Michael Murphy. He is not ... "Bradley buying into the new system". Donegal Democrat. Johnston Press. Retrieved 23 August 2011. Boyle, Donnchadh (9 August ... Liam Galbraith Principal of Crana College welcomes All Ireland winning player and past pupil Ryan Bradley to the school on ...
St Columba's College, Dublin
St Columba's operates a house system. Each pupil is placed in one of seven houses; Stackallan, Glen or Gwynn for all boys Form ... The school is affiliated with the Church of Ireland and caters to 300+ pupils, aged 11 to 18. Alumni are organized in the Old ... Each term there is a three- or four-day Exodus during which the college closes; most pupils from outside Ireland stay with ... The size of house ranges from 20 to 65 pupils. A Housemaster or Housemistress, assisted by at least one resident House Tutor, ...
Tonic pupils are fairly common - they are seen in roughly 1 out of every 500 people. A patient with anisocoria (one pupil ... Both of these muscles are involuntary - they are controlled by the autonomic nervous system. It is one of four parasympathetic ... It explains the defining features of a tonic pupil: (1) The pupil does not react to light. The original light-reaction neurons ... The constriction will be abnormal ("tonic"). Late in the course of Adie syndrome, the pupil becomes small (as all pupils do ...
Formerly the house system had also divided the pupils and teachers into four houses which were named after famous Clevedon ... There were in 2006 two groups of Pupil Ambassadors. There were approximately 45 Year 11 Pupil Ambassadors and 28 Senior Pupil ... This team is composed of 6th form pupils, who receive formal training, and offer support and guidance to younger pupils. They ... This system is no longer in operation. The Senior Ambassadors group has now been replaced by the Peer Listeners' scheme. ...
Lower Cape May Regional School District
Under a per pupil system it would pay $932,754." Fichter, Jack. "Cape May Paying $50K Per Student to Regional School District ... "When that mix makes up a school district, the island towns tend to pay significantly more per pupil than the mainland towns. ... That's because the state formula deciding who pays is not based on how many pupils are sent.... Cape May now pays $6,520,338 ...
A pupil inherits the house of any previous relative; other new students are allocated to a house on a random basis. School ... The school has a house system: there are three houses which are identified by name and colour. Every student belongs to a house ... houses are: Churchill (known as the blues). Fleming (known as the reds). Morris (known as the greens). Pupils practice many ...
The sympathetic nervous system is the primary path of interaction between the immune system and the brain, and several ... and pupil dilation through contraction of the iris dilator. In the heart, an increase in the amount of blood pumped. In brown ... Kenney MJ, Ganta CK (July 2014). "Autonomic nervous system and immune system interactions". Comprehensive Physiology. 4 (3): ... including both the sympathetic nervous system and the locus coeruleus-centered system in the brain. Stressors of many types ...
Washington Magnet Elementary School
Wake County Public School System. Retrieved 23 May 2016. Barbee, Jennie M (1943). Historical sketches of the Raleigh Public ... Raleigh, North Carolina: Barbee Pupils' Association. Cynthia de Miranda and Sarah Woodard (May 2004). "Washington Graded and ... "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Raleigh Historic ... and High School was originally constructed in 1923-1924 as part of the city of Raleigh's plans to expand the education system ...
English in the Netherlands
Pupils learn Received Pronunciation/ Queens English. Since high schools in the Netherlands have different levels of education ( ... English is compulsory on all levels of the Dutch secondary education system. In addition: Many elementary schools teach English ... A test from elementary school together with the advice of the teacher will determine which level a pupil will attend.) Where ... the first one will teach a pupil enough English to have simple conversations. The second will be focused on achieving the ...
Socialist Sunday School
"A Socialist Sunday School: Two Hundred Pupils Attend the First Session - What They Were Taught," Philadelphia Times, whole no. ... That the present social system is devoid of the elements of love or justice, since, as an organisation, it ignores the claims ... In tandem with the Socialist Party of America's network of Sunday Schools there existed a system of radical Sunday Schools ... during which the ills of the capitalist system and the proposed alternative of socialism were expounded. An 1888 front page ...
Other magnet schools select all students who apply or use a lottery system, or a system combining some elements of competitive ... The expenditure per pupil and the student-teacher ratio were the best of any major school district in the nation. Many high ... In the U.S. education system, magnet schools are public schools with specialized courses or curricula. "Magnet" refers to how ... One approach that educators within the public school system came up with was open schools. During the Open Schools movement of ...
Harold E. Palmer
The new Standing Committee decreed that the population would work ten day weeks with one day off from labor; a system modelled ... Several fellow pupils, among them Hu Nim and Khieu Samphan, later served in his government. During the new year vacation in ... his pupils, who included the later novelist Soth Polin, described him as a good teacher. He courted society belle Soeung ... while fellow school pupils recalled that Pol Pot was mediocre but pleasant. As a teacher, he was characterized by his ...
Unisex public toilet
Some argue that a two-tier system is also generated via what they called the "toilet apartheid" by excluding women/girls from ... "No more separate boys' and girls' toilets at primary schools in Glasgow to help pupils who are 'confused about their gender' ... Unisex toilets are often used in many public transport systems, such as rail vehicles or airplanes. ...
Circulatory system. Octopuses have a closed circulatory system, where the blood remains inside blood vessels. Octopuses have ... The lens is suspended behind the pupil and photoreceptive retinal cells cover the back of the eye. The pupil can be adjusted in ... The cornea is formed from a translucent epidermal layer and the slit-shaped pupil forms a hole in the iris and lies just behind ... Nervous system and senses. The octopus (along with cuttlefish) has the highest brain-to-body mass ratios of all invertebrates, ...
This system may have less noise relative to sensory transduction schema that increase rate of neural firing in response to ... These targets include the olivary pretectal nucleus (a center responsible for controlling the pupil of the eye), the LGN, and, ... The two classic photoreceptor cells are rods and cones, each contributing information used by the visual system to form a ... In the human visual system, in addition to the photosensitive rods & cones, there are about 2.4 million to 3 million ganglion ...
Ottery St Mary
The town's primary schools are West Hill Primary School which was established in 1876 and now has around 210 pupils, and ... and adheres to Ptolemaic cosmology with the Earth at the centre of the solar system. ... Ottery St Mary Primary School with around 356 pupils.. The King's School, located on the outskirts of the town, was ...
Of numerous grading systems in use for the classification of tumor of the central nervous system, the World Health Organization ... A bilateral temporal visual field defect (due to compression of the optic chiasm) or dilation of the pupil, and the occurrence ... The central nervous system cancer survival rate in children is approximately 60%. The rate varies with the type of cancer and ... "SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Brain and Other Nervous System Cance". NCI. Archived from the original on 6 July 2014. Retrieved 18 June ...
General Certificate of Education
... which set out to provide a multi-level examination system catering for all abilities of secondary school pupils. This supported ... The secondary education system in Northern Ireland continues to use the GCE Ordinary and Advanced level system. It also retains ... The grading system was further simplified in 1975 when the six pass marks were reduced to three, graded A, B, C. In normalised ... In the earliest years of the system subject marks were given as percentages at both Ordinary and Advanced Level. In later years ...
... system of the later Marx. In the late 1950s, Sartre began to argue that the European working classes were too apolitical to ... who were for the most part pupils and admirers of Jean-Paul Sartre - 'Sartre's Children' as I call them." ... "crucial experience of war and captivity that Sartre began to try to build up a positive moral system and to express it through ... we were free to remain aloof from the quarrel over the nature of this system, provided that no events of sociological ...
Figure of speech
The earliest known text listing them, though not explicitly as a system, is the Rhetorica ad Herennium, of unknown authorship, ... Using these formulas, a pupil could render the same subject or theme in a myriad of ways. For the mature author, this principle ... for example in the improvement of pupils' own writing. ...
South West England
... who make vibrating structure gyroscopes and are owned by UTC Aerospace Systems, previously BAE Systems, and BAe Dynamics, who ... South Hams had the highest percentage of pupils achieving 5 or more GCSEs at grade A*-C at 86%, whilst Purbeck had the lowest ... Thales Underwater Systems (former Plessey Marine) is at Abbas and Templecombe, Somerset, off the A357 towards Dorset in the ... The league consists of a Premier Division of up to 20 clubs, which is ranked at Step 6 in the National League System, and two ...
Mexico has a licensing system for capturing and selling native birds. According to a 2007 report, 65,000 to 78,500 parrots ... where the pupil of the eye constricts to reveal the edge of the iris. Allopreening is used by the pair to help maintain the ... whereas Mexico has a licensing system for capturing parrots. ...
a b c d Petty, M. D., Windyga, P. S. (1999). A High Level Architecture-based Medical Simulation System. SIMULATION, 73, 281-287 ... Anatomical features: responsive pupils, articulated mandible, exhalation of air and CO2, secretions from eyes, ears, and mouth ... To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System. Institute of Medicine (IOM). 2000.. ... There are many other medical systems that exist in forms other than "live fire" and "on the field" exercises. Simulation-Based ...
"Chase pupil wins poster competition". Malvern Gazette. Newsquest Media Group. 21 June 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2010.. ... "2016 - Nurses: A Force for Change: Improving health systems' resilience". www.icn.ch. Retrieved 14 May 2016.. ... "The impact of innovation in medical and nursing training: a Hospital Information System for Students accessible through mobile ... one of Nightingale's signal achievements was the introduction of trained nurses into the workhouse system in Britain from the ...
Leighton Park School
Pupils were left distraught after the theft as a core team of pupils had been trained to handle him. ... editing equipment and a surround sound cinema system. An Extended foyer will provide a new frontage to the existing main hall ... School, Field and Reckitt all have facilities for day and boarding pupils. Fryer pupils can board in the senior houses. ... Each senior house has around 100 pupils, and the junior house has approximately 120 pupils. The houses are integral to school ...
The Shawshank Redemption
Ted Turner's Turner Broadcasting System had acquired Castle Rock in 1993, which enabled his TV channel, TNT, to obtain the ... As for the scene where Andy rebelliously plays music over the prison announcement system, it was Robbins' idea for Andy to turn ... The broadcast rights were acquired following the purchase of Castle Rock by Turner Broadcasting System, and it was shown ... Andy plays an excerpt over the public address system and is punished with solitary confinement. After his release from solitary ...
Education in Hungary
School system in Hungary. A special feature of the Hungarian education system is that institutional structures and the ... the secondary vocational schools for intermediate students lasts four years and the technical school prepares pupils for ... Organization of the educational system. Pre-primary education. This educational level is considered as a crucially ... Imre, A. and Györgyi, Z. (2007). The educational system and the progression of students. In Loboda, Z., Lannert, J. and Halász ...
Hochman, G.; Yechiam, E. (2011). "Loss aversion in the eye and in the heart: The Autonomic Nervous System's responses to losses ... pupil diameter and heart rate were found to increase following both gains and losses, but the size of the increase was higher ... Hochman, G.; Yechiam, E. (2011). "Loss aversion in the eye and in the heart: The Autonomic Nervous System's responses to losses ... Loss arousal - Individuals were found to display greater Autonomic Nervous System activation following losses than following ...
... was connected to the canal system when the Stroudwater Navigation opened in 1779. It then became part of a through canal ... which works in a three-way consortium with Archway Sixth Form and South Gloucestershire and Stroud College and attracts pupils ... and including a system of demurrage to encourage rapid circulation. ...
Sir James William Redhouse (1879). On the history, system, and varieties of Turkish poetry: Illustrated by selections in the ... " ("Pupils of the Hungry"), which introduced free verse into the Turkish language for, essentially, the first time. Much of ... One proposal divides Turkish literature into early literature (8th to 19th c.) and modern (19th to 21st c.). Other systems of ... These reforms finally came to the empire during the Tanzimat period of 1839-1876, when much of the Ottoman system was ...
নিতম্বাস্থি - উইকিপিডিয়া
দর্শনেন্দ্রিয় (Visual system). *চোখ (Eye) *নেত্রস্বচ্ছ (Cornea). *কনীনিকা (Iris). *তারারন্ধ্র (Pupil). *পক্ষ্মল অঙ্গক (Ciliary ... স্নায়ুতন্ত্র (Nervous system). *মস্তিষ্ক-সুষুম্না স্নায়ুতন্ত্র (Cerebro-spinal nervous system) *কেন্দ্রীয় স্নায়ুতন্ত্র ( ... স্বয়ংক্রিয় স্নায়ুতন্ত্র (Autonomic nervous system) *সমবেদী স্নায়ুতন্ত্র (Sympathetic nervous system). *পরাসমবেদী ...
Karns City Area School District
Karns City Area administrative costs per pupil in 2008 was $656.36 per pupil. This ranked 375th out of 500 Pennsylvania school ... in mathematics and or reading before they were prepared to take college level courses in the Pennsylvania State System of ... In December 2009, the district administration reported that 193 pupils or 11.4% of the district's pupils received Special ... The lowest administrative cost per pupil in Pennsylvania was $398 per pupil. ...
Education in England
Birbalsingh has visited schools in Jamaica and India where pupils are desperate to gain the kind of education to which pupils ... The state-funded education system is divided into stages based upon age: Early Years Foundation Stage (ages 3-5); primary ... There is a gap in performance between pupils from better off families and poorer pupils. To counter this a cross party ... Special needs cash shortfall 'leaves thousands of pupils unplaced' BBC *^ 'Devastating' cuts hit special educational needs The ...
Education in Finland
This system was phased out in 1972-1977 in favor of the modern system where grades 1-9 are mandatory. After the age of 15, the ... Classes are small, seldom more than twenty pupils. From the outset pupils are expected to learn two languages in addition ... Secondary and tertiary education divided in academic and vocational systems. The education system in Finland consists of ... Most commonly, pupils are issued a report card twice a year: at the ends of the autumn and spring terms. There are no high- ...
Severe Anisocoria after Oral Surgery under General Anesthesia
However, he developed severe anisocoria; in particular, a ~4mm diameter increase of the left pupil compared to the right pupil ... Traumatic or hypoxemic injuries of the sympathetic nervous system may be the cause of Horners Syndrome, which refers to a ... the large pupil is abnormal, while if anisocoria is more marked with reduced illumination, the small pupil is abnormal. Besides ... Keywords: Anisocoria, Pupils reactions in Oral surgery, Emergencies in Oral Surgery. INTRODUCTION. Anisocoria indicates a ...
In Holmes-Adie Syndrome, the pupil of the affected eye is larger than the unaffected eye. The affected pupil constricts slowly ... The pupil of the eye and the automatic nervous system gets affected by the disease. ... The pupil of the eye and the automatic nervous system gets affected by the disease. In Holmes-Adie Syndrome, the pupil of the ... Firstly, one of the pupils appears to be abnormally dilated. This sort of affected pupil is known as tonic pupil. Secondly, ...
Uni system 'unfair' to state pupils - BelfastTelegraph.co.uk
Uni system unfair to state pupils. The current system of university applications favours students from private schools, The ... It suggests that the current system favours private school pupils, who receive help to submit "carefully crafted" applications ... www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/uk/uni-system-unfair-to-state-pupils-29002525.html ... State school pupils listed a slightly fewer number of work placements, and these were more likely to include Saturday jobs and ...
Private schools shun 'toughest ever' GCSEs amid fears pupils are 'guinea pigs' for new system
Britains top private schools have shunned the so-called toughest GCSEs ever amid fears pupils would become guinea pigs for the ... Private schools shun toughest ever GCSEs amid fears pupils are guinea pigs for new system Credit: REX ... Private schools shun toughest ever GCSEs amid fears pupils are guinea pigs for new system ... private schools have shunned the so-called toughest GCSEs ever amid fears pupils would become guinea pigs for the new system. ...
Pupil and illuminator optimization in partially coherent imaging systems | (2006) | Ivonin | Publications | Spie
Pupil and illuminator optimization in partially coherent imaging systems Author(s): Igor Ivonin; Tor Sandstrom ... The ability of optical imaging system to print in a particular node is determined by both CD linearity and resolution ... We present a general (i.e. nonparametric) method of optimization of partially coherent optical system (i.e. both polarizing/ ... nonpolarizing pupil and illuminator) for the printing of any particular set of objects in the best possible printing node. The ...
Digestive system redness and Unilateral small pupil - Symptom Checker - check medical symptoms at RightDiagnosis
List of causes of Digestive system redness and Unilateral small pupil, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, ... Digestive system redness OR Unilateral small pupil - Causes of Any Symptom Digestive system redness:*Causes: Digestive system ... Digestive system redness and Unilateral small pupil. *Digestive system redness AND Unilateral small pupil - Causes of All ... Unilateral small pupil:*Causes: Unilateral small pupil *Introduction: Unilateral small pupil *Unilateral small pupil: Add a 3rd ...
Wisconsin Pupil Services Evaluation System | Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction
Overview The Wisconsin Pupil Services Evaluation System is an optional professional evaluation system for the four pupil ... Wisconsin Pupil Services Evaluation System. Wisconsin Pupil Services Evaluation System. Overview. The Wisconsin Pupil Services ... School Counseling Evaluation System. School Nursing Evaluation System. School Psychology Evaluation System. School Social Work ... Not every pupil service professional or school system will be able to address every component in these rubrics. Administration ...
CALPADS Update FLASH #174 - California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System (CALPADS) (CA Dept of Education)
California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System (CALPADS). CALPADS Update FLASH #174. Topics include: Name and definition ... This document contains the file formats for the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System (CALPADS). ... the valid codes that can only be used in specific combinations in the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System ( ...
Uni system 'unfair' to state pupils - Birmingham Live
School System Enlists Pupils In War Against Tax Cap - tribunedigital-baltimoresun
... mixed in with homework assignments will be a message of doom for the countys school system if a proposal for a tax cap on ... School System Enlists Pupils In War Against Tax Cap. October 31, 1990,By Dianne Williams Hayes , Dianne Williams Hayes,Staff ... mixed in with homework assignments will be a message of doom for the countys school system if a proposal for a tax cap on ... the integrated computer system tying together the central office and the 121 county schools, could be jeopardized. ...
Saliva, pupil size differences in autism show system in overdrive
Medical Xpress) -- University of Kansas researchers have found larger resting pupil size and lower levels of a salivary enzyme ... Saliva, pupil size differences in autism show system in overdrive. July 13, 2012 By Karen Henry, University of Kansas ... What this says is that the autonomic system of children with ASD is always on the same level, said Christa Anderson, assistant ... But Anderson and Colombo also see pupil size and sAA levels as biomarkers that could be the physiological signatures of a ...
Pupil-weighting system comes under fire | The Manchester Journal | Manchester Breaking News, Sports, Weather, Traffic
Increasing the number of students decreases a districts cost per pupil." The report on pupil weighting was completed in ... The recommendations would have Marlboros equalized pupil count at 146 instead of 136, bringing per-pupil spending down by ... Korb told the Reformer it is clear, the state has been weighting pupils incorrectly for 20 years and the reports ... during a news conference to demand action on the Pupil Weighting Factors Report at the Statehouse. "I am here to demand equity ...
Disadvantaged pupils 'worst affected' by exam grading system despite mocks U-turn, unions warn | CYP Now
Disadvantaged A-level and GCSE pupils are most likely to be affected by the governments exam grading scheme despite an ... Disadvantaged pupils worst affected by exam grading system despite mocks U-turn, unions warn Fiona Simpson. Wednesday, August ... Disadvantaged pupils worst affected by exam grading system despite mocks U-turn, unions warn ... Disadvantaged pupils are most likely to receive lower grades on results day, unions warn. Picture: Adobe Stock. Register now to ...
What new books would you like to see taught in schools?Why does the American Education system teach its pupils the same small...
As we watch the Enotes questions roll in we see that pupils are studying the same narrow selection of books (Animal Farm, ... Why does the American Education system teach its pupils the same small selection of books? ... What new books would you like to see taught in schools?Why does the American Education system teach its pupils the same small ... Why does the American Education system teach its pupils the same small selection of books? As we watch the Enotes questions ...
A New Pupillometer with an Auto Focus System by Using Pupil and Iris Area
It is very important for diagnosis of dementia to analyze pupil size precisely. We used the new detection system for the pupil ... The results by using this system show that the proposed system can measure pupil area accurately. ... We developed a new measurement system of pupil area with camera position adjustability using iris diameter, which size is ... constant regardless of automatic nervous system. The camera probe consists of a small CCD camera, infrared LEDs, and a stepping ...
Pupil Accounting Forms and Resources - Finance, Facilities, and Information Systems - Service Areas - Marquette Alger RESA
The Pupil Dilation Response During Speech Perception in Dark and Light: The Involvement of the Parasympathetic Nervous System...
The Pupil Dilation Response During Speech Perception in Dark and Light: The Involvement of the Parasympathetic Nervous System ... The Pupil Dilation Response During Speech Perception in Dark and Light: The Involvement of the Parasympathetic Nervous System ... The Pupil Dilation Response During Speech Perception in Dark and Light : The Involvement of the Parasympathetic Nervous System ... In darkness, the influence of the parasympathetic nervous system on the pupil response is minimal, whereas in light, there is ...
US Patent for Positioning system for pupil imaging optics Patent (Patent # 5,150,137 issued September 22, 1992) - Justia...
... an electro-optical system, an electronic interface system and a computer/software system. The electro-optical system can, in ... The electronic interface system converts signals from the video camera into digital signals to be read by the computer and also ... another that forms images of the two pupils on a video camera, and a third that moves the optics to maintain alignment with the ... A pupil function analyzer has three major subsystems; ... 62, and the system lets the patients pupils settle for 1.6 ...
OSA | Zernike-Gauss Polynomials and Optical Aberrations of Systems with Gaussian Pupils
1) pupils.1 ∊. a. 1. 1. a. 2. 0. b. 2. 0. a. 2. 2. a. 3. 1. b. 3. 1. a. 4. 0. b. 4. 0. c. 4. 0. ... Zernike annular polynomials for imaging systems with annular pupils Virendra N. Mahajan. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71(1) 75-85 (1981) ... Zernike Annular Polynomials and Optical Aberrations of Systems with Annular Pupils By Virendra N. Mahajan. Appl. Opt. 33(34) ... Zernike Circle Polynomials and Optical Aberrations of Systems with Circular Pupils Virendra N. Mahajan. Appl. Opt. 33(34) 8121- ...
Teaching Strategies For Pupils with Special Needs
Today we will be taking a look at ways to improve your teaching strategies to help accommodate pupils with special needs. ... Annie Hoppers Dynamic Neural Retraining System (DNRS)TM. New ONLINE Program Available Now!. ... Some pupils will use verbal communication very well, and some will almost speak exactly what they are thinking all the time. ... You will have a more positive outlook on your job and your pupils will be more relaxed, which will improve their behavior. It ...
Baltimore second in per-pupil spending, according to Census Bureau - Sun Sentinel
... s 100 largest school districts in how much it spent per pupil in fiscal year 2011, according to data released Tuesday by the U. ... The Baltimore school system ranked second among the nation' ... City school system passes $1.2B budget. *. Inquiry leads to ... The Baltimore school system ranked second among the nations 100 largest school districts in how much it spent per pupil in ... The per-pupil expenditures were calculated based on taking the districts current spending on day-to-day operations and ...
Procedures for the Evaluation of the Visual System by Pediatricians | From the American Academy of Pediatrics | Pediatrics
Asymmetric responses to light may indicate visual system dysfunction. Moreover, asymmetry of pupil shape or difference in ... Pupil Examination. Both pupils should be equal, round, and equally reactive when light is directed toward either eye. ... Red reflex testing should be performed in a darkened room (to maximize pupil dilation). Eye drops to further dilate the pupils ... Procedures for the Evaluation of the Visual System by Pediatricians. Sean P. Donahue, Cynthia N Baker, COMMITTEE ON PRACTICE ...
Pupils imagine life in 2097 Hull as part of City of Culture project | Calendar - ITV News
Pupils imagine life in 2097 Hull as part of City of Culture project on ITV News, videos, stories and all the latest Calendar ... Primary school pupils are imagining life in Hull 80 years from now as part of a major science fiction project for City of ... The pupils are really enjoying having their say in some of the 2017 programming and we look forward to hearing how their ideas ... Internationally renowned artists Blast Theory are leading a workshop on today at C4DI with Year 5 pupils from five schools in ...
Our Pupils Adjust as We Imagine Bright and Dark Scenes - Healthcanal.com : Healthcanal.com
Kidneys and Urinary System*Male Reproductive*Low Testosterone. *Oral and Dental Health*Palliative Care*Pregnancy and Childbirth ... When imagining brighter triangles, their pupils were smaller. But when imagining darker triangles, their pupils were larger. ... For a copy of the article "The Eye Pupil Adjusts to Imaginary Light" and access to other Psychological Science research ... The experiments further showed that these results arent due to voluntary changes in pupil size or differences in the mental ...
'Teach pupils to explore Shakespeare' -...
The education system should let the plays first be handled by those experienced in their mechanics. We need to provide our ... Teach pupils to explore Shakespeare Shakespeare should be taught by people who know what a theatre smells like in order to ... Some schools simply cant afford drama departments or visiting specialists, but perhaps one day the education system will ...
The pupils and optical systems of gecko eyes | JOV | ARVO Journals
We investigated the pupil dynamics and the multifocal optical system of helmet geckos to see whether the light-adapted pupil ... The pupils and optical systems of gecko eyes You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, updated, or cited in ... Since their optical systems are adapted to day activity including long focal lengths and small pupils, day geckos are subjected ... We also investigated whether the pupil shape of the helmet geckos is related to their optical system. In NG6 the openings of ...
Procedures for the Evaluation of the Visual System by Pediatricians: Clinical Report - 2016 - American Academy of Ophthalmology
Asymmetric responses to light may indicate visual system dysfunction. Moreover, asymmetry of pupil shape or difference in ... Pupil Examination. Both pupils should be equal, round, and equally reactive when light is directed toward either eye. ... Red reflex testing should be performed in a darkened room (to maximize pupil dilation). Eye drops to further dilate the pupils ... Differences in pupil size less than 1 mm can occur normally and are generally benign unless associated with ptosis or an ocular ...
Tele-EyeCare | Ophthalmology | Stanford Medicine
Visual System Examination During Video Visits. · Adult Exam Videos. · Pediatric Exam Videos ... Please review the health systems OFFICIAL VISITOR POLICY and INFORMATION ABOUT COVID-19.. · Visit the Stanford Medicine COVID- ... Visual System Examination During Video Visits: Adult Exam Videos We have included example videos if you wish to get a sense of ... The advantage of this system is that they provide high level care without the travel time, which saves time for the hospital, ...
Dirigo pupils help food pantry | Lewiston Sun Journal
Lagos hands over teachers accused of defiling pupils to police - Punch Newspapers
The presidential system is good for Nigeria. 9:20 am. * Road constructionll boost GDP -LASG. 9:19 am ... Lagos hands over teachers accused of defiling pupils to police. Published July 14, 2017. July 14, 2017. ... The Permanent Secretary added that the government would ensure that any pupil found to have been abused and traumatised by the ... He explained that the pupils, who were the complainants, had offered statements at the Lagos State Police Command, adding that ...
Music Sales Recorder From The Beginning: Blues, Rags And Boogies Pupil's Book With CD Music Sales America Series | Musician's...
Rags And Boogies Pupils Book With CD Music Sales America Series at Musicians... ... Music Sales Recorder From The Beginning: Blues, Rags And Boogies Pupils Book With CD Music Sales America Series. Skip to main ... Music Sales Recorder From The Beginning: Blues, Rags And Boogies Pupils Book With CD Music Sales America Series. ... Music Sales Recorder From The Beginning: Blues, Rags And Boogies Pupils Book With CD Music Sales America Series ...
Bullying, exams and drugs - secondary school pupils reveal their hopes and fears | Community Care
The prison system is in a "critical situation" and there must be a debate on linking sentencing to resources, the lord chief ... Bullying, exams and drugs - secondary school pupils reveal their hopes and fears ... Bullying, exams and drugs - secondary school pupils reveal their hopes and fears. November 16, 2007 in Adults, Children ...
DilationConstrictAutonomic nervouConstrictsSlit pupilsTeachers and pupilsGCSEParasympatheticCause the pupilProposed system can mePupillaryControlling the size of the pupilRetinalInfrared lightChanges in the pupilResponsesMiosisCauses the pupilControl of pupilRelationship between pupilMeasurementAbnormalInvoluntaryIncreasesNervousChromaticRound pupilsSmaller pupilCircular pupilPinpoint pupilsVertical pupilsReflexDilationsAnnularDilatorApertureLight intensitiesSecondary schoolExaminationOpticsResearchersSpeciesCognitiveBrightness
- Recently, the measurement of the pupil dilation response has been applied in many studies to assess listening effort. (dtu.dk)
- In dark, the peak pupil dilation (PPD) did not differ between the two groups, but in light, the normal-hearing group showed a larger PPD than the hearing-impaired group. (dtu.dk)
- These results indicate a larger effect of parasympathetic inhibition on the pupil dilation response of listeners with better hearing acuity, and a relatively high parasympathetic activity in those with worse hearing. (dtu.dk)
- Zekveld, Adriana A. / The Pupil Dilation Response During Speech Perception in Dark and Light : The Involvement of the Parasympathetic Nervous System in Listening Effort . (dtu.dk)
- Red reflex testing should be performed in a darkened room (to maximize pupil dilation). (aao.org)
- It involves a rapid shift of the eyes, head, and attention and other physiological responses such as changes in heart rate and transient pupil dilation. (jneurosci.org)
- The SC is a critical structure in the midbrain that selects incoming stimuli based on saliency and relevance to coordinate orienting behaviors, particularly gaze shifts, but its causal role in pupil dilation remains poorly understood in mammals. (jneurosci.org)
- Pupil size increased transiently after microstimulation of the intermediate SC layers (SCi) and the size of evoked pupil dilation was larger on a dim versus bright background. (jneurosci.org)
- In contrast, microstimulation of the superficial SC layers did not cause pupil dilation. (jneurosci.org)
- Thus, the SCi is directly involved not only in shifts of gaze and attention, but also in pupil dilation as part of the orienting reflex, and the function of pupil dilation may be related to increasing visual sensitivity. (jneurosci.org)
- The shared neural mechanisms suggest that pupil dilation may be associated with covert attention. (jneurosci.org)
- its role in pupil dilation is poorly understood. (jneurosci.org)
- Our results demonstrate that the pupils dilated transiently after stimulation of the SCi, but not of the SCs, and we found this to be particularly pronounced in low levels of illumination, suggesting that the function of pupil dilation mediated by the SCi may be related to enhancing visual sensitivity. (jneurosci.org)
- If the drug pilocarpine is administered, the pupils will constrict and accommodation is increased due to the parasympathetic action on the circular muscle fibers, conversely, atropine will cause paralysis of accommodation (cycloplegia) and dilation of the pupil. (wikipedia.org)
- Dilation of the pupil is mydriasis. (wikipedia.org)
- The purpose of this study is to study the safety and efficacy of intracameral adrenaline for pupil dilation without topical mydriatics in refractive cataract surgery. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Here we briefly review the surge of recent studies on task-evoked pupil dilation in the context of cognitive control tasks with the primary aim being to evaluate the feasibility of using pupil dilation as an index of effort exertion, rather than task demand or difficulty. (springer.com)
- Our review shows that across the three cognitive control domains of updating, switching, and inhibition, increases in task demands typically leads to increases in pupil dilation. (springer.com)
- Studies show a diverging pattern with respect to the relationship between pupil dilation and performance and we show how an effort account of pupil dilation can provide an explanation of these findings. (springer.com)
- Numerous recent studies have started to investigate the dilation of the human pupil under such conditions. (springer.com)
- Kramer, 1990 ), a comprehensive review on recent studies that have investigated pupil dilation in the context of cognitive control tasks is still missing. (springer.com)
- The present review focusses on studies that have investigated pupil dilation during cognitive control tasks. (springer.com)
- Seminal studies have revealed that pupil dilation increases with increasing task demands. (springer.com)
- There is a popular belief that sexual orientation can be revealed by pupil dilation to attractive people, yet until now there was no scientific evidence. (neurosciencenews.com)
- In fact, pupil dilation correlates with arousal so consistently that researchers use pupil size, or pupillometry, to investigate a wide range of psychological phenomena. (scientificamerican.com)
- Stimulation of the autonomic nervous system's sympathetic branch, known for triggering 'fight or flight' responses when the body is under stress, induces pupil dilation. (scientificamerican.com)
- Inhibition of the latter system can therefore also cause dilation. (scientificamerican.com)
- Pupil dilation can betray an individual's decision before it is openly revealed,' concluded a 2010 study led by Wolfgang Einhäuser-Treyer , a neurophysicist at Philipps University Marburg in Germany. (scientificamerican.com)
- Thus, pupil dilation and constriction respectively increases and decreases retinal illumination affording rudimentary adaptation to different light environments. (sciencemag.org)
- In addition, it would be more practical and convenient for the clinician and/or the patient/subject if pupil dilation was not necessary. (arvojournals.org)
- When the eye is suddenly exposed to light, certain of the muscle fibers in the iris contract, causing the pupil to become smaller, or constrict. (justia.com)
- The pupils also constrict when a near object is viewed, and their diameter is also determined continuously by certain aspects of psychological state, for example, fear. (justia.com)
- Because humans cannot voluntarily constrict the eyes' pupils, the presence of pupillary adjustments to imaginary light presents a strong case for mental imagery as a process based on brain states similar to those which arise during actual perception," says Laeng. (healthcanal.com)
- This causes the pupil to constrict. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- Christa Anderson, left, University of Kansas assistant research professor, and Kathryn Unruh, 2012 KU honors graduate in behavioral neuroscience, use technologies such as eye-tracking, pupil measurement, salivary responses and neuroimaging to look for biomarkers of autism and investigate the autonomic nervous system as a possible nexus of the disorder. (medicalxpress.com)
- But Anderson and Colombo also see pupil size and sAA levels as biomarkers that could be the physiological signatures of a possible dysfunction in the autonomic nervous system. (medicalxpress.com)
- We present the results of a method that separates the influence of the parasympathetic and sympathetic branches of the autonomic nervous system on the pupil response during speech perception. (dtu.dk)
- Figure drawn by the authors, incorporating material from Gray's Anatomy 31st Edition 1954, and from Cannon and Rosenblueth Physiology of the Autonomic Nervous System , 1937. (scholarpedia.org)
- The term autonomic nervous system (ANS) refers to collections of motor neurons (ganglia) situated in the head, neck, thorax, abdomen, and pelvis, and to the axonal connections of these neurons (Figure 1 ). (scholarpedia.org)
- Langley (1852-1925) coined the term autonomic nervous system. (scholarpedia.org)
- Thus the ANS is best seen as one of the outflows whereby the CNS controls bodily organs, so that "peripheral autonomic pathways" is a better term, but "autonomic nervous system" is well-established. (scholarpedia.org)
- The two major divisions of the efferent nervous system are the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system which controls the activities of the myocardium and the vascular smooth muscles (see "Overview of. (apologeticspress.org)
- The ability of the autonomic nervous system to excite and inhibit targets directly, combined with the anatomical arrangement of effector neurons in the interconnected autonomic ganglia, permits the system to respond to environmental demands in a concerted fashion (1991, p. 763). (apologeticspress.org)
- The autonomic nervous system innervates primarily involuntary structures such as smooth muscle lining the vessels and digestive system, as well as organs and glands. (apologeticspress.org)
- The autonomic nervous system is disynaptic, with one synapse taking place in a peripheral autonomic ganglion, and the other taking place at the target organ. (apologeticspress.org)
- When the sphincter pupillae contract, the iris decreases or constricts the size of the pupil. (wikipedia.org)
- Argyll Robertson instilled an extract into his own eye noting that physostigmine constricts the pupil. (bmj.com)
- Myosis, or pinpoint pupils, are when the pupil constricts abnormally. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- In humans the pupil is round, but other species, such as some cats, have vertical slit pupils, goats have horizontally oriented pupils, and some catfish have annular types. (wikipedia.org)
- Slit pupils were only present in animals having multifocal optical systems. (biologists.org)
- Among the felids, small species have multifocal lenses and slit pupils, while large species have monofocal lenses and round pupils. (biologists.org)
Teachers and pupils1
- But, the vast majority of the top 30 independent schools, such as Eton College and Wellington College, opted to take the international GCSE this summer, amid fears the new system might see state students "shut out from top universities", The Sunday Times reported. (telegraph.co.uk)
- GCSE results day 2017: what is the new 9 - 1 grading system and why are so many students confused? (telegraph.co.uk)
- Disadvantaged A-level and GCSE pupils are most likely to be affected by the government's exam grading scheme despite an eleventh hour U-turn on mock exam grades, education unions have warned. (cypnow.co.uk)
- A Cambridge professor has published a list of 31 key dates from history that all GCSE pupils should know. (itv.com)
- In darkness, the influence of the parasympathetic nervous system on the pupil response is minimal, whereas in light, there is an additional component from the parasympathetic nervous system. (dtu.dk)
- Figure 1: Summary of sympathetic (A) and parasympathetic (B) autonomic neural outflows from the central nervous system . (scholarpedia.org)
- One type of response, named the pupillary light reflex, is mediated by the parasympathetic system and protects the retinal receptors by constricting the pupil and reducing excessive light energy. (pnas.org)
- The part of the vertebrate nervous system that regulates involuntary action, as of the intestines, heart, and glands, and that is divided into the sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic nervous system. (thefreedictionary.com)
- It is divided into two parts, the sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic nervous system. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Create healthcare diagrams like this example called Parasympathetic Nervous System in minutes with SmartDraw. (smartdraw.com)
Cause the pupil3
- The dilator pupillae, innervated by sympathetic nerves from the superior cervical ganglion, cause the pupil to dilate when they contract. (wikipedia.org)
- Cataracts may also cause the pupil to appear white. (medlineplus.gov)
- Another example of the use of measurements of geometric properties of the pupil relates to a well known phenomenon wherein certain anesthetics cause the pupil to become dilated. (google.com)
Proposed system can me1
- No. 5,042,937, for "Optical System for an Ophthamological Instrument for Examination of Pupillary Responses" and assigned to a common assignee. (justia.com)
- The overall physiological system that controls pupil size includes many components, and because the various components may be affected in various ways by different diseases, toxins, tumors, and the like, disorders are often reflected in abnormal pupillary responses. (justia.com)
- Therefore, examination of the responses of the pupillary system is an important part of most neurological and ophthalmological medical examinations. (justia.com)
- On the inner edge lies a prominent structure, the collarette, marking the junction of the embryonic pupillary membrane covering the embryonic pupil. (wikipedia.org)
- The view that fast pupillary adjustments to light reflect the operation of a separate subcortical neural network would seem supported by the clinical observation that in patients whose visual cortex is completely damaged and who have lost all conscious visual perception, the pupils continue to respond to sudden changes in room illumination ( 4 ). (pnas.org)
- Pupillary inequality, irregularity, and iris atrophy without reaction to light are the hallmarks, clinically distinguishable from the Holmes-Adie myotonic pupil. (bmj.com)
Controlling the size of the pupil1
- Retinal illumination is the product of pupil area and incident light intensity. (sciencemag.org)
- The RET eval manufacturer claims that the system delivers a constant flash retinal illuminance by adjusting the flash luminance to compensate for changes in the pupil size. (arvojournals.org)
- However, in most clinical testing situations, patients' undilated pupils will likely be sufficiently small to fall within the range for which the system delivers a stimulus of constant retinal illuminance. (arvojournals.org)
- Perfect Pupil Injectable was designed to provide the surgeon with an optimal work area and reduce the risk of surgical complications during cataract and retinal surgery. (bio-medicine.org)
- show a dynamic pupillometer using a television camera system in which an infrared light source, a visual light stimulator and a television camera system are all directed at the eye of a patient. (justia.com)
- As in the previous Stark patent, the pupil contracts upon visual light stimulation thus allowing the iris to reflect more infrared light, but in this case the infrared light is detected by the camera. (justia.com)
Changes in the pupil1
- Nineteen hearing-impaired and 27 age-matched normal-hearing listeners performed speech reception threshold tests targeting a 50% correct performance level while pupil responses were recorded. (dtu.dk)
- To perform an examination of pupil responses, the physician dims the room lights, illuminates one eye and then the other with a small light, and observes the responses. (justia.com)
Causes the pupil1
Control of pupil1
Relationship between pupil1
- The pupils reflect the extent of mental effort in an incredibly precise way,' Kahneman said in an interview with the German news magazine Der Spiegel, adding, 'I have never done any work in which the measurement is so precise. (scientificamerican.com)
- Such an objective system may be used for determining directions, the measurement of the angles being converted into a measurement of displacement. (google.com)
- Still another example of the use of measurements of geometric properties of the pupil relates to medical diagnostic applications that require continuous measurement of gaze direction, i.e., orientation of the visual axis of the eye. (google.com)
- Physiology) the section of the nervous system of vertebrates that controls the involuntary actions of the smooth muscles, heart, and glands. (thefreedictionary.com)
- The part of the nervous system of a vertebrate animal that regulates involuntary action, as of the intestines, heart, or glands. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Both findings address the Centers for Disease Control s urgent public health priority goals for ASD: to find biological indicators that can both help screen children earlier and lead to better understanding of how the nervous system develops and functions in the disorder. (medicalxpress.com)
- The effects of sedatives, stimulants, analgesics, and anesthesia on the nervous system are discussed in detail. (elsevier.com)
- Autonomic pathways, together with somatic motor pathways to skeletal muscle and neuroendocrine pathways, are the means whereby the central nervous system (CNS) sends commands to the rest of the body. (scholarpedia.org)
- Complex autonomic ganglia in the walls of the stomach and small intestine are separately classified as the enteric nervous system . (scholarpedia.org)
- Modern experiments have shown that neurons in autonomic ganglia do not have inbuilt discharge patterns sufficiently integrated to regulate physiological functions, with the possible exception of neurons within the enteric nervous system of the small and large intestines. (scholarpedia.org)
- Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that affects the brain and spinal cord ( central nervous system ). (medlineplus.gov)
- Inflammation occurs when the body's own immune cells attack the nervous system. (medlineplus.gov)
- Symptoms of MS may mimic those of many other nervous system problems. (medlineplus.gov)
- An exam of the nervous system may show reduced nerve function in one area of the body. (medlineplus.gov)
- He views the dilations as a by-product of the nervous system processing important information. (scientificamerican.com)
- Recent data support the notion that distinct subpopulations of mRGCs mediate different functions in the central nervous system, including circadian rhythm regulation and pupil light reflex (PLR) through their projections to the OPN ( 5 , 7 ). (frontiersin.org)
- Part of the peripheral nervous system not under conscious control. (thefreedictionary.com)
- The somatic nervous system innervates skeletal muscles and regulates activities that are under conscious control. (apologeticspress.org)
- He deemed the first brain to be the somatic/enteric nervous system brain. (apologeticspress.org)
- Does Badenhop give any explanation of how or why the somatic nervous system evolved? (apologeticspress.org)
- But Badenhop is not alone in his lack of details regarding the evolution of the somatic nervous system. (apologeticspress.org)
- A quick search of the National Library of Medicine reveals a deafening silence with respect to the mechanics of the somatic nervous system. (apologeticspress.org)
- The human nervous system has evolved into an extremely complex network of specialized fibers, capable of a broad range of function. (apologeticspress.org)
- During its evolution, the nervous system developed three main structural levels, each capable of performing different functions. (apologeticspress.org)
- Again, scientists recognize the existence and complexity of the somatic nervous system, but they offer no indication as to where it actually came from. (apologeticspress.org)
- Even Richard Dawkins, the famous atheist currently leading the charge for evolution theory, remains eerily quiet as to the origin and alleged evolutionary steps which led to the somatic nervous system. (apologeticspress.org)
- One primary difference between the somatic and the autonomic nervous systems is that the cell bodies (where the nucleus is located) of somatic motor neurons are located within the central nervous system. (apologeticspress.org)
- Additionally, the somatic motor nervous system is monosynaptic-that is, it uses only a single neuron to go from the spinal cord or brain to the effectors (Kandel, et al. (apologeticspress.org)
- All of the motor neurons within the autonomic system are located outside of the central nervous system. (apologeticspress.org)
- Acetylcholine is a compound produced naturally by the body's nervous system. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- Animal eyes that are primarily used under low-light conditions usually have optical systems of short depth of focus, such that chromatic defocus may lead to considerable blurring of the images. (biologists.org)
- An off-axis pupil and the principle of chromatic aberration (where different wavelengths come to focus at different distances behind a lens) can combine to provide "color-blind" animals with a way to distinguish colors. (pnas.org)
- We compute a quantitative image quality budget for this visual system and show how chromatic blurring dominates the visual acuity in these animals in shallow water. (pnas.org)
- We quantitatively show, through numerical simulations, how chromatic aberration can be exploited to obtain spectral information, especially through nonaxial pupils that are characteristic of coleoid cephalopods. (pnas.org)
- In particular, the post-illumination pupil response (PIPR), as evaluated by chromatic pupillometry, can be used as a reliable marker of mRGC function in vivo . (frontiersin.org)
- A partially constricted circular pupil would shade the peripheral zones of the lens, leading to the loss of well-focused images at relevant wavelengths. (biologists.org)
- From top to bottom: vertical-slit pupil of the domestic cat, vertically elongated (subcircular) pupil of the lynx, circular pupil of man, and horizontal pupil of the domestic sheep. (sciencemag.org)
- In this article, we look at the definition and causes of pinpoint pupils, as well as possible treatment options. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- What are pinpoint pupils? (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Some medications prescribed for high blood pressure (hypertension) can also cause pinpoint pupils. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Anyone who thinks their hypertension medication may be causing pinpoint pupils should speak to their doctor. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Heroin use may cause pinpoint pupils and red eyes. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Pinpoint pupils are one of the signs of heroin use. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- London, Aug 7 (ANI): Vertical pupils don't just help snakes see at night, but also help them stalk prey without being seen. (thaindian.com)
- Richard Shine and Francois Brischoux at the University of Sydney, Australia, scoured the literature and found that vertical pupils on most animals become round in low light. (thaindian.com)
- This challenges common theory that vertical pupils evolved to give animal's night vision. (thaindian.com)
- Vertical pupils are smaller in the horizontal plane only, meaning they offer a greater depth of field in the horizontal plane but still let enough light into the eye for night vision. (thaindian.com)
- Brischoux suggests vertical pupils might also assist with camouflage by mimicking surrounding grasses. (thaindian.com)
- The ocular examination consists of the external examination, pupil examination, red reflex testing to assess ocular media, the examination of the ocular fundus by using ophthalmoscopy, and an assessment of visual function. (aappublications.org)
- The pupil light reflex (PLR) is our brain's first and most fundamental mechanism for light adaptation. (jneurosci.org)
- Here, we report that microstimulation in the prefrontal cortex modulates the gain of the pupil light reflex-changing how a simple reflex circuit responds to physically identical probes. (jneurosci.org)
- Sometimes, the pupil of the eye may appear white, or the normal red reflex may appear to be white. (medlineplus.gov)
- There are many different causes of white pupil or white reflex. (medlineplus.gov)
- The pupil response to cognitive and emotional events occurs on an even smaller scale than the light reflex, with changes generally less than half a millimeter. (scientificamerican.com)
- In the first two Notes of this series, 1 , 2 we discussed Zernike circle and annular polynomials that represent optimally balanced classical aberrations of systems with uniform circular or annular pupils, respectively. (osapublishing.org)
- Here we discuss Zernike-Gauss polynomials which are the corresponding polynomials for systems with Gaussian circular or annular pupils. (osapublishing.org)
- In optics, the exit pupil is a virtual aperture in an optical system. (wikipedia.org)
- Only rays which pass through this virtual aperture can exit the system. (wikipedia.org)
- The exit pupil is the image of the aperture stop in the optics that follow it. (wikipedia.org)
- The aperture of this system is the edge of the objective lens. (wikipedia.org)
- Meanwhile the secondary schools provided an education that, in its way, wasn't totally dissimilar from today's comprehensive curriculum, but at the same time it encouraged non-academic interests and abilities also and not only prepared pupils for the job market, but also the apprenticeship system which seemed to vanish as the secondary school system vanished. (yorkshirepost.co.uk)
- Secondary school pupils know so very little about careers in languages. (proz.com)
- By the end of April, addition information will be provided on the pupils making the transition from primary to secondary and secondary to upper secondary school. (swissinfo.ch)
- Various systems are known in the prior art which automate the examination of pupil function and provide a quantitative result. (justia.com)
- Other examples of automated pupil function examination systems are disclosed in U.S. Pat. (justia.com)
- Odeyemi added that in line with established procedures, the government had ordered a comprehensive medical examination for the pupils to aid investigations. (punchng.com)
- one that delivers controlled lights to the patient's eyes, another that forms images of the two pupils on a video camera, and a third that moves the optics to maintain alignment with the patient's eyes. (justia.com)
- The present invention specifically relates to an electro-mechanical positioning system for independently moving the pupil imaging optics for the left and right pupils. (justia.com)
- Older literature on optics sometimes refers to the exit pupil as the Ramsden disc, named after English instrument-maker Jesse Ramsden. (wikipedia.org)
- We describe a means of obtaining spectral information using the principles of physical optics and an off-axis pupil shape without requiring spectrally distinct photoreceptor classes. (pnas.org)
- The company started experimenting with infinity-corrected optical systems as early as the 1930s followed later by Leica and Zeiss, but these optics did not become standard equipment with most manufacturers until the 1980s. (microscopyu.com)
- In Adaptive Optics Systems Iv . (dur.ac.uk)
- We studied species of terrestrial vertebrates from a variety of phylogenetic groups to establish how widespread multifocal lenses are and how pupil shapes are adapted to the optical systems. (biologists.org)
- By studying the evolutionary relationship between the various species, the team found that vertical and circular pupils evolved several times in different groups of snakes, and that hunting behaviour was the strongest driver for pupil shape. (thaindian.com)
- There is a striking correlation between terrestrial species' pupil shape and ecological niche (that is, foraging mode and time of day they are active). (sciencemag.org)
- Species with vertically elongated pupils are very likely to be ambush predators and active day and night. (sciencemag.org)
- Species with horizontally elongated pupils are very likely to be prey and to have laterally placed eyes. (sciencemag.org)
- We recorded by use of an infrared eye-tracker the pupil diameters of participants while they observed visual illusions of lightness or brightness. (pnas.org)
- A scene illumination system is provided that produces spatially uniform or controlled brightness levels for machine vision applications. (google.es)
- 5 . The system of claim 4 , wherein the controller is configured for amplitude modulation of at least one of the current and the voltage to the first light source to provide the desired brightness level. (google.es)