The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Controlled vocabulary of clinical terms produced by the International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation (IHTSDO).
The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of bacteria, and BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.
International organizations which provide health-related or other cooperative services.
Precise procedural mathematical and logical operations utilized in the study of medical information pertaining to health care.
Therapeutic approach tailoring therapy for genetically defined subgroups of patients.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.
A specialty field of radiology concerned with diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative use of radioactive compounds in a pharmaceutical form.
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
System of herbal medicine practiced in Japan by both herbalists and practitioners of modern medicine. Kampo originated in China and is based on Chinese herbal medicine (MEDICINE, CHINESE TRADITIONAL).
The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.
The art and science of studying, performing research on, preventing, diagnosing, and treating disease, as well as the maintenance of health.
An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
Societies whose membership is limited to scientists.
The study of animals - their morphology, growth, distribution, classification, and behavior.
Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.
A system of units used in scientific work throughout the world and employed in general commercial transactions and engineering applications. Its units of length, time, and mass are the meter, second, and kilogram respectively, or decimal multiples and submultiples thereof. ( McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The study and practice of medicine by direct examination of the patient.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.
A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)
A field of medicine concerned with developing and using strategies aimed at repair or replacement of damaged, diseased, or metabolically deficient organs, tissues, and cells via TISSUE ENGINEERING; CELL TRANSPLANTATION; and ARTIFICIAL ORGANS and BIOARTIFICIAL ORGANS and tissues.
The branch of medicine concerned with the evaluation and initial treatment of urgent and emergent medical problems, such as those caused by accidents, trauma, sudden illness, poisoning, or disasters. Emergency medical care can be provided at the hospital or at sites outside the medical facility.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
A specialty concerned with the nature and cause of disease as expressed by changes in cellular or tissue structure and function caused by the disease process.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
The traditional Hindu system of medicine which is based on customs, beliefs, and practices of the Hindu culture. Ayurveda means "the science of Life": veda - science, ayur - life.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.
Shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
The discipline concerned with using the combination of conventional ALLOPATHIC MEDICINE and ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE to address the biological, psychological, social, and spiritual aspects of health and illness.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
The chemical processes, enzymatic activities, and pathways of living things and related temporal, dimensional, qualitative, and quantitative concepts.
A medical discipline that is based on the philosophy that all body systems are interrelated and dependent upon one another for good health. This philosophy, developed in 1874 by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, recognizes the concept of "wellness" and the importance of treating illness within the context of the whole body. Special attention is placed on the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.
Controlled vocabulary thesaurus produced by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. It consists of sets of terms naming descriptors in a hierarchical structure that permits searching at various levels of specificity.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The field of medicine concerned with physical fitness and the diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained in exercise and sports activities.
The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.
The parts of a GENOME sequence that are involved with the different functions or properties of genomes as a whole as opposed to those of individual GENES.
Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.
A medical specialty concerned with the use of physical agents, mechanical apparatus, and manipulation in rehabilitating physically diseased or injured patients.
A research and development program initiated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE to build knowledge sources for the purpose of aiding the development of systems that help health professionals retrieve and integrate biomedical information. The knowledge sources can be used to link disparate information systems to overcome retrieval problems caused by differences in terminology and the scattering of relevant information across many databases. The three knowledge sources are the Metathesaurus, the Semantic Network, and the Specialist Lexicon.
Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.
An order of extremely halophilic archaea, in the kingdom EURYARCHAEOTA. They occur ubiquitously in nature where the salt concentration is high, and are chemoorganotrophic, using amino acids or carbohydrates as a carbon source.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
An order of fungi comprising mostly insect pathogens, though some infect mammals including humans. Strict host specificity make these fungi a focus of many biological control studies.
The science concerned with the detection, chemical composition, and biological action of toxic substances or poisons and the treatment and prevention of toxic manifestations.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
General agreement or collective opinion; the judgment arrived at by most of those concerned.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
Genes bearing close resemblance to known genes at different loci, but rendered non-functional by additions or deletions in structure that prevent normal transcription or translation. When lacking introns and containing a poly-A segment near the downstream end (as a result of reverse copying from processed nuclear RNA into double-stranded DNA), they are called processed genes.
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Study of the anatomy of the nervous system as a specialty or discipline.
Muscles of facial expression or mimetic muscles that include the numerous muscles supplied by the facial nerve that are attached to and move the skin of the face. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Terms or expressions which provide the major means of access by subject to the bibliographic unit.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
GENETIC PHENOMENA characterizing IMMUNITY and the immune response.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Drugs considered essential to meet the health needs of a population as well as to control drug costs.
The 46,XX gonadal dysgenesis may be sporadic or familial. Familial XX gonadal dysgenesis is transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait and its locus was mapped to chromosome 2. Mutation in the gene for the FSH receptor (RECEPTORS, FSH) was detected. Sporadic XX gonadal dysgenesis is heterogeneous and has been associated with trisomy-13 and trisomy-18. These phenotypic females are characterized by a normal stature, sexual infantilism, bilateral streak gonads, amenorrhea, elevated plasma LUTEINIZING HORMONE and FSH concentration.
Medical specialty concerned with environmental factors that may impinge upon human disease, and development of methods for the detection, prevention, and control of environmentally related disease.
Medical practice or discipline that is based on the knowledge, cultures, and beliefs of the people of KOREA.
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
A branch of medicine concerned with the total health of the individual within the home environment and in the community, and with the application of comprehensive care to the prevention and treatment of illness in the entire community.
Biological molecules that possess catalytic activity. They may occur naturally or be synthetically created. Enzymes are usually proteins, however CATALYTIC RNA and CATALYTIC DNA molecules have also been identified.
Databases containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS; NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.
A vocabulary database of universal identifiers for laboratory and clinical test results. Its purpose is to facilitate the exchange and pooling of results for clinical care, outcomes management, and research. It is produced by the Regenstrief Institute. (LOINC and RELMA [Internet]. Indianapolis: The Regenstrief Institute; c1995-2001 [cited 2002 Apr 2]. Available from
Databases containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
Use for general articles concerning medical education.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.
Central nervous system vasculitis that is associated with SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS. Clinical manifestations may include DEMENTIA; SEIZURES; CRANIAL NERVE DISEASES; HEMIPARESIS; BLINDNESS; DYSPHASIA; and other neurological disorders.
A branch of medicine concerned with the role of socio-environmental factors in the occurrence, prevention and treatment of disease.
Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of SLEEP WAKE DISORDERS and their causes.
A category of nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity and which code for the basic instructions for the development, reproduction, and maintenance of organisms.
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.
Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.
Animals having a vertebral column, members of the phylum Chordata, subphylum Craniata comprising mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes.
Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.
The failure of PLANTS to complete fertilization and obtain seed (SEEDS) as a result of defective POLLEN or ovules, or other aberrations. (Dict. of Plant Genet. and Mol. Biol., 1998)
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
The study of the composition, chemical structures, and chemical reactions of living things.
A medical specialty primarily concerned with prevention of disease (PRIMARY PREVENTION) and the promotion and preservation of health in the individual.
An array of tests used to determine the toxicity of a substance to living systems. These include tests on clinical drugs, foods, and environmental pollutants.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
The alterations of modes of medical practice, induced by the threat of liability, for the principal purposes of forestalling lawsuits by patients as well as providing good legal defense in the event that such lawsuits are instituted.
A group of eukaryotic high-molecular mass heat-shock proteins that represent a subfamily of HSP70 HEAT-SHOCK PROTEINS. Hsp110 proteins prevent protein aggregation and can maintain denatured proteins in folding-competent states.
Warm-blooded vertebrate animals belonging to the class Mammalia, including all that possess hair and suckle their young.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
A branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the oral and paraoral structures and the oral management of systemic diseases. (Hall, What is Oral Medicine, Anyway? Clinical Update: National Naval Dental Center, March 1991, p7-8)
Use of sophisticated analysis tools to sort through, organize, examine, and combine large sets of information.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Selection of a type of occupation or profession.
The largest family of cell surface receptors involved in SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION. They share a common structure and signal through HETEROTRIMERIC G-PROTEINS.
Branch of medicine involved with management and organization of public health response to disasters and major events including the special health and medical needs of a community in a disaster.
The relationships between symbols and their meanings.
Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.
A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
A definite pathologic process with a characteristic set of signs and symptoms. It may affect the whole body or any of its parts, and its etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown.
The degree of similarity between sequences. Studies of AMINO ACID SEQUENCE HOMOLOGY and NUCLEIC ACID SEQUENCE HOMOLOGY provide useful information about the genetic relatedness of genes, gene products, and species.
High molecular weight polymers containing a mixture of purine and pyrimidine nucleotides chained together by ribose or deoxyribose linkages.
A process whereby multiple RNA transcripts are generated from a single gene. Alternative splicing involves the splicing together of other possible sets of EXONS during the processing of some, but not all, transcripts of the gene. Thus a particular exon may be connected to any one of several alternative exons to form a mature RNA. The alternative forms of mature MESSENGER RNA produce PROTEIN ISOFORMS in which one part of the isoforms is common while the other parts are different.
Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.
Material prepared from plants.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the morphology, physiology, biochemistry, and pathology of reproduction in man and other animals, and on the biological, medical, and veterinary problems of fertility and lactation. It includes ovulation induction, diagnosis of infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss, and assisted reproductive technologies such as embryo transfer, in vitro fertilization, and intrafallopian transfer of zygotes. (From Infertility and Reproductive Medicine Clinics of North America, Foreword 1990; Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, Notice to Contributors, Jan 1979)
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and management of nuclear medicine services.
Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.
Health as viewed from the perspective that humans and other organisms function as complete, integrated units rather than as aggregates of separate parts.
The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
A system of therapeutics founded by Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), based on the Law of Similars where "like cures like". Diseases are treated by highly diluted substances that cause, in healthy persons, symptoms like those of the disease to be treated.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
An occupation limited in scope to a subsection of a broader field.
The anterior subdivision of the embryonic PROSENCEPHALON or the corresponding part of the adult prosencephalon that includes the cerebrum and associated structures.
A family of gram-negative bacteria which are saprophytes, symbionts, or plant pathogens.
Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.
A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
The interdisciplinary field concerned with the development and integration of behavioral and biomedical science, knowledge, and techniques relevant to health and illness and the application of this knowledge and these techniques to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
Medicines that can be sold legally without a DRUG PRESCRIPTION.
The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.
Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.
A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.
DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.
Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM. It is especially concerned with diagnosis and treatment of diseases and defects of the lungs and bronchial tree.
Undergraduate education programs for second- , third- , and fourth-year students in health sciences in which the students receive clinical training and experience in teaching hospitals or affiliated health centers.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
Inflammation of any one of the blood vessels, including the ARTERIES; VEINS; and rest of the vasculature system in the body.
The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
The self administration of medication not prescribed by a physician or in a manner not directed by a physician.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide or of nucleotides in DNA or RNA that is similar across multiple species. A known set of conserved sequences is represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE. AMINO ACID MOTIFS are often composed of conserved sequences.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.

Selective retrieval of pre- and post-coordinated SNOMED concepts. (1/155)

In general, it is very straightforward to store concept identifiers in electronic medical records and represent them in messages. Information models typically specify the fields that can contain coded entries. For each of these fields there may be additional constraints governing exactly which concept identifiers are applicable. However, because modern terminologies such as SNOMED CT are compositional, allowing concept expressions to be pre-coordinated within the terminology or post-coordinated within the medical record, there remains the potential to express a concept in more than one way. Often times, the various representations are similar, but not equivalent. This paper describes an approach for retrieving these pre- and post-coordinated concept expressions: (1) Create concept expressions using a logically-well-structured terminology (e.g., SNOMED CT) according to the rules of a well-specified information model (in this paper we use the HL7 RIM); (2) Transform pre- and post-coordinated concept expressions into a normalized form; (3) Transform queries into the same normalized form. The normalized instances can then be directly compared to the query. Several implementation considerations have been identified. Transformations into a normal form and execution of queries that require traversal of hierarchies need to be optimized. A detailed understanding of the information model and the terminology model are prerequisites. Queries based on the semantic properties of concepts are only as complete as the semantic information contained in the terminology model. Despite these considerations, the approach appears powerful and will continue to be refined.  (+info)

An integrative model for in-silico clinical-genomics discovery science. (2/155)

Human Genome discovery research has set the pace for Post-Genomic Discovery Research. While post-genomic fields focused at the molecular level are intensively pursued, little effort is being deployed in the later stages of molecular medicine discovery research, such as clinical-genomics. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the relevance and significance of integrating mainstream clinical informatics decision support systems to current bioinformatics genomic discovery science. This paper is a feasibility study of an original model enabling novel "in-silico" clinical-genomic discovery science and that demonstrates its feasibility. This model is designed to mediate queries among clinical and genomic knowledge bases with relevant bioinformatic analytic tools (e.g. gene clustering). Briefly, trait-disease-gene relationships were successfully illustrated using QMR, OMIM, SNOMED-RT, GeneCluster and TreeView. The analyses were visualized as two-dimensional dendrograms of clinical observations clustered around genes. To our knowledge, this is the first study using knowledge bases of clinical decision support systems for genomic discovery. Although this study is a proof of principle, it provides a framework for the development of clinical decision-support-system driven, high-throughput clinical-genomic technologies which could potentially unveil significant high-level functions of genes.  (+info)

Improved coding of the primary reason for visit to the emergency department using SNOMED. (3/155)

There are over 100 million visits to emergency departments in the United States annually that could be a source of data for multiple uses including disease surveillance, health services research, quality assurance activates, and research. The patients' motivations for seeking care or the reason for visit (RFV) are recorded in every case. Efforts to utilize this rich source of data are hampered by inconsistent data entry and coding. This study analyzes ICD-9-CM, SNOMED-RT, and SNOMED-CT encoding of the RFV for accuracy. Each encoded reason for visit was compared to the text entry recorded at the time of visit to determine the closeness of fit. Each coded entry was judged to be an exact lexical match, a synonym, a broader or narrower concept or no match. SNOMED-CT was a lexical match or synonym for 93% of the text entries, while SNOMED-RT matched 87%, and ICD-9-CM matched 40%. We demonstrate that SNOMED coding of the RFV is more accurate than ICD-9-CM coding.  (+info)

The lexical properties of the gene ontology. (4/155)

The Gene Ontology (GO) is a construct developed for the purpose of annotating molecular information about genes and their products. The ontology is a shared resource developed by the GO Consortium, a group of scientists who work on a variety of model organisms. In this paper we investigate the nature of the strings found in the Gene Ontology and evaluate them for their usefulness in natural language processing (NLP). We extend previous work that identified a set of properties that reliably identifies natural language phrases in the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS). The results indicate that a large percentage (79%) of GO terms are potentially useful for NLP applications. Some 35% of the GO terms were found in a corpus derived from the MEDLINE bibliographic database, and 27% of the terms were found in the current edition of the UMLS.  (+info)

Role grouping as an extension to the description logic of Ontylog, motivated by concept modeling in SNOMED. (5/155)

Several clinical terminologies now utilize description logic to model the logical definitions of concepts. Recent editions of the Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine (SNOMED) have been developed using the description logic Ontylog. A significant design criterion for SNOMED is to keep concept expressions simple enough to be broadly usable by clinicians, while maintaining faithful representation of concept meaning. Motivated by this criterion, "role grouping" has been developed as an extension to the description logic Ontylog. This paper describes the problems that motivated the creation of role grouping, outlines the semantics of role grouping, illustrates the benefits of this construct with examples from SNOMED Clinical Terms, and provides an algorithm for determining normal forms for expressions involving role groups.  (+info)

The SNOMED clinical terms development process: refinement and analysis of content. (6/155)

SNOMED Clinical Terms is a comprehensive concept-based health care terminology that was created by merging SNOMED RT and Clinical Terms Version 3. Following the mapping of concepts and descriptions into a merged database, the terminology was further refined by adding new content, modeling the relationships of individual concepts, and reviewing the hierarchical structure. A quality control process was performed to ensure integrity of the data. Additional features such as subsets, qualifiers, and mappings to other coding systems were added or updated to facilitate usability. We then analyzed the content of the completed work. This paper describes the refinement processes and compares the actual content of SNOMED CT with the early data obtained from analysis of the description mapping process. As predicted, the majority of concepts in SNOMED CT originated from SNOMED RT or CTV3, but not both.  (+info)

Coverage of oncology drug indication concepts and compositional semantics by SNOMED-CT. (7/155)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate SNOMED-CT 's ability to represent simple and compositional concepts in FDA approved oncology drug indications. METHODS: Oncology drug indications were decomposed into single and compositional concepts. SNOMED-CT's coverage of single concepts and the semantics needed to create compositional concepts were evaluated using automated and manual techniques. RESULTS: SNOMED-CT covered 86.3% of single concepts present in oncology drug indications; 11.3% of indications were covered completely. Coverage was best for concepts describing diseases, anatomy, and patient characteristics. Medications accounted for 50.5% of missing concepts. Excluding drug names, 45.2% of indications were completely represented. SNOMED-CT's semantics completely represented 60.1% of compositional expressions. CONCLUSIONS: SNOMED-CT's overall coverage of the concepts in oncology drug indications was good. Improvements or alternatives are needed for medications and semantics.  (+info)

Putting data integration into practice: using biomedical terminologies to add structure to existing data sources. (8/155)

A major purpose of biomedical terminologies is to provide uniform concept representation, allowing for improved methods of analysis of biomedical information. While this goal is being realized in bioinformatics, with the emergence of the Gene Ontology as a standard, there is still no real standard for the representation of clinical concepts. As discoveries in biology and clinical medicine move from parallel to intersecting paths, standardized representation will become more important. A large portion of significant data, however, is mainly represented as free text, upon which conducting computer-based inferencing is nearly impossible. In order to test our hypothesis that existing biomedical terminologies, specifically the UMLS Metathesaurus and SNOMED CT, could be used as templates to implement semantic and logical relationships over free text data that is important both clinically and biologically, we chose to analyze OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man). After finding OMIM entries' conceptual equivalents in each respective terminology, we extracted the semantic relationships that were present and evaluated a subset of them for semantic, logical, and biological legitimacy. Our study reveals the possibility of putting the knowledge present in biomedical terminologies to its intended use, with potentially clinically significant consequences.  (+info)

SNOMED CT is a clinical terminology with global scope covering a wide range of clinical specialties, disciplines and requirements. As a result of its broad scope, one of the benefits of SNOMED CT is a reduction of specialty boundary effects that arise from use of different terminologies or coding systems by different clinicians or departments. This allows wider sharing and reuse of structured clinical information. Another benefit of SNOMED CT is that the same data can be processed and presented in ways that serve different purposes. For example, clinical records represented using SNOMED CT can be processed and presented in different ways to support direct patient care, clinical audit, research, epidemiology, management and service planning. Additionally, the global scope of SNOMED CT reduces geographical boundary effects arising from the use of different terminologies or coding systems in different organizations and countries.. With SNOMED CT, clinical information is recorded using identifiers ...
Veterinary Medical Databases (VMDB) stores and retrieves medical records using SNOMED Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT©). SNOMED CT© is the most comprehensive, multilingual clinical healthcare terminology in the world.. SNOMED CT© contributes to the improvement of patient care by underpinning the development of Electronic Health Records that record clinical information in ways that enable meaning-based retrieval. This provides effective access to information required for decision support and consistent reporting and analysis. Patients benefit from the use of SNOMED CT© because it improves the recording of EHR information and facilitates better communication, leading to improvements in the quality of care.. Some uses of SNOMED CT© data include:. ...
In previous posts, we looked at the history of SNOMED CT® and the increasing role of SNOMED CT® in healthcare systems internationally. In this series of posts, I will examine and assess the SNOMED CT® terminology and provide a broad description of the findings where necessary. Looking at the SNOMED CT® terminology through the SNOMED…
In previous posts, we looked at the history of SNOMED CT® and the increasing role of SNOMED CT® in healthcare systems internationally. In this series of posts, I will examine and assess the SNOMED CT® terminology and provide a broad description of the findings where necessary. Looking at the SNOMED CT® terminology through the SNOMED…
Earlier SNOMED versions had faceted structure ordered by semantic axes, requiring that more complex situations required to be coded by a coordination of different codes. This had two major shortcomings. On the one hand, the necessity of post-coordination was perceived as a user-unfriendly obstacle, which has certainly contributed to the rather low adoption of early SNOMED versions. On the other hand, uniform coding was difficult to obtain. E.g.,Acute appendicitis could be post-coordinated in three different ways[20] with no means to compute semantic equivalences. SNOMED RT had addressed this problem by introducing description logic formula. With the addition of CTV3 a large number of concepts were redefined using formal expressions. However, the fusion with CTV3, as a historically grown terminology with many close-to user descriptions, introduced some problems which still affect SNOMED CT. In addition to a confusing taxonomic web of many hierarchical levels with massive multiple inheritance ...
A set of textual descriptions are assigned to every concept. These provide the human readable form of a concept. Two types of description are used to represent every concept - Fully Specified Name (FSN) and Synonym.. The FSN represents a unique, unambiguous description of a concepts meaning. The FSN is not intended to be displayed in clinical records, but is instead used to disambiguate the distinct meaning of each different concept. This is particularly useful when different concepts are referred to by the same commonly used word or phrase. Each concept can have only one FSN in each language or dialect.. A synonym represents a term that can be used to display or select a concept. A concept may have several synonyms. This allows users of SNOMED CT to use the terms they prefer to refer to a specific clinical meaning. Concepts can have multiple synonyms, and the associated terms are not necessarily unique - thus two concepts can have the same synonym term. Interpretation of a synonymous term ...
The purpose of the SNOMED CT to ICD-10-CM map is to support semi-automated generation of ICD-10-CM codes from clinical data encoded in SNOMED CT for reimbursement and statistical purposes.
In some cases it can be even more interesting:. 404.00 - Hypertensive heart and chronic kidney disease, malignant, without mention of heart failure and with chronic kidney disease stage I through stage IV, or unspecified. When I saw this in the ICD9CM, I assumed it was a legacy issue and existed because ICD9CM has been around for awhile. So I looked in ICD10-CM…. I132 - Hypertensive heart and chronic kidney disease with heart failure and with stage V chronic kidney disease, or end stage renal disease. And then I looked at SNOMED-CT…. 194779001 - Hypertensive heart and renal disease with (congestive) heart failure. So, as it turns out, it is still an ongoing practice to create concatenated terms. This is not a legacy thing, or it is a legacy thing that has found its way into the terminologies we are supposed to use as we move forward.. I want to stop at this point and remind the reader that I am not a clinical person. I am a simple country programmer and guerilla informaticist. So there might ...
WHO - SNOMED SD O. Opportunity Potential Relations Challenges & Other issues. T. Bedirhan Üstün MD World Health Organization Classifications & Terminology Outline. WHOs vision for Health Information Systems SNOMED-CT summary evaluation...
To untangle a polyhierarchy, coding the subsumption relationships using restrictions rather than class-subclass relationships. The application example for this ODP is adapted from the Cell Type Ontology. In the example, the subsumption relationships that already are in the Cell Type Ontology are inferred by the reasoner instead of hard-coded. The term Neutrophil is used as an example class to show how a class can relate to different modules ...
2014 RPMS EHR HIM & Coding David Taylor MHS, RPh, PA-C, RN RPMS HER CEHRT HIM & Coding Overview HIM Impact and Coding Lessons Learned SNOMED CT RPMS EHR Software Changes affecting HIM and Coding
Situation codes describing the reason that a procedure, which might otherwise be expected, was not performed, or a procedure that was started and was not completed. Consists of SNOMED CT codes, children of procedure contraindicated (183932001), procedure discontinued (416406003), procedure not done (416237000), procedure not indicated (428119001), procedure not offered (416064006), procedure not wanted (416432009), procedure refused (183944003), and procedure stopped (394908001). ...
Theres no one who doesnt know that products like these, consumed in excess, can severely harm our bodies. Yet, we still find them hard to resist. The need to eat stimulant food is a simple human weakness that has existed for ages: humans (and many animals) have always indulged in foods that give a sort of emotional high. In clinical terms, this means rapid heartbeat, a little sweating, dilation or constriction of the pupils of the eye, a warm flush on the face, and a sense of greater sensitivity, concentration and perception ...
Most closely related to the Trionychidae according to Gaffney (1975b), Frair (1985), and Meylan (1987). Synonymy and literature review in Cogger et al. (1983) ...
All materials are copyright protected. This material includes SNOMED Clinical Terms® (SNOMED CT®) which is used by permission of the International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation (IHTSDO). All rights reserved. SNOMED CT® was originally created by The College of American Pathologists. SNOMED and SNOMED CT are registered trademarks of the IHTSDO. ...
All materials are copyright protected. This material includes SNOMED Clinical Terms® (SNOMED CT®) which is used by permission of the International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation (IHTSDO). All rights reserved. SNOMED CT® was originally created by The College of American Pathologists. SNOMED and SNOMED CT are registered trademarks of the IHTSDO. ...
Human Phenotype Ontology:HP:0000212,MedGen:C0017567,Human Phenotype Ontology:HP:0000316,MedGen:CN000296,Human Phenotype Ontology:HP:0000821,MedGen:C0020676,Human Phenotype Ontology:HP:0001382,MedGen:C1844820,Human Phenotype Ontology:HP:0001636,MedGen:CN001489,Human Phenotype Ontology:HP:0002019,MedGen:C0009806,Human Phenotype Ontology:HP:0004322,MedGen:C0349588,Human Phenotype Ontology:HP:0012471,MedGen:C1836543,MeSH:C536914,MedGen:C0238462,Orphanet:ORPHA1332,SNOMED CT:255032005,MeSH:D013964,MedGen:C0040136,MeSH:D018761,MedGen:C0025267,OMIM:131100,Orphanet:ORPHA652,SNOMED CT:30664006,MeSH:D018813,MedGen:C0025268,OMIM:171400,Orphanet:ORPHA247698,SNOMED CT:61808009,MeSH:D018814,MedGen:C0025269,OMIM:162300,Orphanet:ORPHA247709,SNOMED CT:6153000,SNOMED CT:61530001,MedGen:C0031511,OMIM:171300,MedGen:C1833929,MedGen:C1970712,OMIM:610755,Orphanet:ORPHA276152,MedGen:CN073359,Orphanet:ORPHA653,SNOMED CT:61808009,MedGen:CN169374,MedGen: ...
Optimizing Data Representation Through the Use of SNOMED CT Author: Bronnert, June; Daube, Julie L; Jopp, Gretchen; Peterson, Kathleen; Rihanek, Theresa; Scichilone, Rita A; Tucker, Vanna Source: Journal of AHIMA Publication Date: March 2014. Electronic health records (EHR) have changed the landscape for data representation. For many years health information management (HIM) professionals have relied on classifications for data representation and the support of clinical documentation. SNOMED CT is a data standard frequently used in electronic systems and has been included in the requirements for the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) meaningful use EHR Incentive Program. SNOMED CT is maintained and distributed by the International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation (IHTSDO). SNOMED CT is recognized throughout the world, and the terminology is available at no cost. The National Library of Medicine (NLM) serves as the US release center and the IHTSDO member ...
Check out for the latest photos of medical reports along with medical reports gallery, recent images of medical reports at Times of India
The National Center for Biomedical Ontology was founded as one of the National Centers for Biomedical Computing, supported by the NHGRI, the NHLBI, and the NIH Common Fund under grant U54-HG004028 ...
Clinically relevant concepts of highly specialized clinical domains may not yet have been represented in SNOMED CT . The July 2006 release was systematically examined using the CliniClue browser to determine whether 881 commonly used terms that are relevant for the clinical care of the newborn infant are represented in SNOMED CT. There was complete representation for 86.4% of terms drawn from the categories of diagnosis, intervention, drug or observation. There was partial representation for 10.2% of the terms, and no representation for 3.4% of the terms ...
These tables are generated from a working list of known cancer genes. The list has been annotated with information concerning chromosomal location, tumour types in which mutations are found, classes of mutation that contribute to oncogenesis and other genetic properties. We have sorted the data in a number of ways to list subsets of cancer genes with similar features. However, we would recommend that those wishing to scrutinise the list in detail should download it in its entirety from ten table in the Census tab. These tables can be searched, sorted or exported in csv or tsv formats. ...
The National Center for Biomedical Ontology was founded as one of the National Centers for Biomedical Computing, supported by the NHGRI, the NHLBI, and the NIH Common Fund under grant U54-HG004028.. ...
Details of the medical reports which led to Schabir Shaiks controversial parole have been released, and indicate that while he is not well, he is not terminally ill.
Generated Narrative with Details. id: lipid. contained: , identifier: Placer = 2345234234234. status: active. intent: original-order. code: Lipid Panel (Details : { code LIPID = LIPID). subject: Patient/example. context: Encounter/example. occurrence: May 2, 2013 4:16:00 PM. requester: Practitioner/example. performer: Practitioner/f202. reasonCode: Fam hx-ischem heart dis (Details : {ICD-9 code V173 = V173, given as Fam hx-ischem heart dis}). supportingInfo: Fasting status. Generated Summary: id: fasting; status: final; Fasting status - Reported (Details : {LOINC code 49541-6 = Fasting status - Reported, given as Fasting status - Reported}); ????; Yes (Details : { code Y = Yes, given as Yes}). specimen: Serum specimen. Generated Summary: id: serum; 20150107-0012; Serum sample (Details : {SNOMED CT code 119364003 = Serum specimen, given as Serum sample}); ????. note: patient is afraid of needles ...
Clinical Focus: This value set contains concepts that represent complications related to pregnancy or childbirth. Data Element Scope: This value set may use the Quality Data Model (QDM) category related to Diagnosis. Inclusion Criteria: Includes only relevant concepts associated with complications of pregnancy or childbirth. This is a grouping of ICD-10-CM, ICD-9-CM, and SNOMED CT codes. Exclusion Criteria: No exclusions.
One caveat: mono tests have a high rate of false positives. Another caveat: mono tests have a high rate of false negatives. Another caveat: mono has a latency period of four to six weeks, so you might already have the virus but not the symptoms, which means you have to wait four to six weeks for symptoms to appear and another one to two weeks for the antibodies to emerge before the not-very-accurate tests can work. Or not work. And one more thing: the latency period might be eight weeks. The jurys out.. You probably have mono. Ninety-five percent of the population has mono. Or has had mono? The terminology isnt clear. Some people/doctors/medical reports/websites say mono is an EBV infection, and other people/doctors/medical reports/websites say mono is the sickness that EBV causes. Some people get mono and never know it, since mono only occurs twenty-five percent of the time when an adolescent or young adult is infected with EBV. But EBV causes noticeable symptoms in fifty percent of infected ...
Note: Catastrophically irrational is actually a clinical term in the context of diagnosing and treating the collective-brain syndrome (CBS) social disease. It only means that the result of ones action will be unnecessarily potentially catastrophic in contrast to other clear choices based on reason and logic. [CBS Level 1, Class 1.]. The chart figure top-right shows the CDCs data for survival by age group of covid cases defined by a positive result on the RT-PCR test (admitted by CDC to be unreliable). These nine points show no reason exists to take the covid injection:. ...
hi dr.kay, i am a second year student. i have completed one term of second mbbs. have completed two clinical terms for medicine and am in the second...
Bomed Medical Manufacturing Ltd. of Irvine reported a net loss of $280,530 for its fiscal second quarter ended May 31, compared to a $119,280 loss in the same period last year. Revenues for the
A new study found that Young adults who engage in just one bout of binge drinking may experience a significant drop in their immune system. (1)
formally a subsumption hierarchy, extends ordered intensional complexity. Salthe writes: Hierarchy Theory encompasses both the scalar hierarchy with nested extensions (represented as scalar levels as in [ecosystem [population [organism ]]] and also the specification hierarchy of ordered intensional complexity, modeled as integrative levels, therwise ontological levels of reality, as in the following example: {physical world {chemical world {biological world {social world {mental world }}}}} The notation involved {} and [] reflects the different kinds of levels. Salthe explains: In the scalar system, [ ] is a selector such lower level dynamics pass are organized by a higher level so as to create the forms and processes of an intermediate level. The system is basically three leveled. In the specification hierarchy { } is a selectively transparent one-way filter. For example, at the level where social dynamics are taking place selected chemical dynamics are also visible, in their effects ...
Text Organization Effects Text organization refers to the effects that the degree and type of organization built into a passage have on the degree and type of information that learners encode and remember. Structural elements such as advanced organizers, previews, logical sequencing, outline formats, higlighting of main ideas and summaries assist learning in retaining information. These organization effects facilitate chunking, subsumption of material into schemas and related processes that enable encoding as an organized body of meaningful knowledge. In addition, text organization elements cue learners to which aspects of the material are most important ...
The Behavior Language is a rule-based real-time parallel robot programming language originally based on ideas from [Brooks 86], [Connell 89], and [Maes 89]. It compiles into a modified and extended version of the subsumption architecture [Brooks 86] and thus has backends for a number of processors including the Motorola 68000 and 68HCll, the Hitachi 6301, and Common Lisp. Behaviors are groups of rules which are activatable by a number of different schemes. There are no shared data structures across behaviors, but instead all communication is by explicit message passing. All rules are assumed to run in parallel and asynchronously. It includes the earlier notions of inhibition and suppression, along with a number of mechanisms for spreading of activation ...
Recently the medical literature has documented the growing use of CT scans. It is certainly no secret that, when circumstances warrant, SonoSite advocates for the consideration of ultrasound first over other imaging modalities. A CT scan is a powerful and valuable test when used appropriately and-as with all medical procedures-when its therapeutic value is carefully weighed against its potential harm. Yet, while acknowledging CTs value, I cant ignore mounting evidence indicating CT scans are being ordered more often than are necessary or safe.
The samples look good from this run. The appear to both have the same primer dimer issue in the NTCs and the runs look roughly similar. Now I need to compare the two runs with each other to see how closely the Cts match. Ill post a work up soon on how I did this in R. ...
Yes, it is...In my many trips to the ER lately they have done many CTs on me. It helps them to better see inside your stomach. Having multiple tests done lets your doctor better see whats going on. Crohns is a serious disease and they dont want to mis diagnose you. They did the same thing with me because I am so young (21). Good luck with everything, hope it turns out good news ...
(KudoZ) Spanish to English translation of doble derivación con AMI a CD: double bypass with [R]IMA to RCA [Medical Report (Medical)].
A Summary of the Diagnosis Process 1.Take a history: Elicit symptoms and a timeline; begin a problem list. 2.Develop hypotheses: Generate a mental list
Description Logic is a formalism that is widely used in the framework of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning in Artificial Intelligence. It is based on Classical Logic in order to guarantee the correctness of the inferences on the required reasoning tasks. It is indeed a fragment of First Order Predicate Logic whose language is strictly related to the one of Modal Logic. Fuzzy Description Logic is the generalization of the classical Description Logic framework thought for reasoning with vague concepts that often arise in practical applications. Fuzzy Description Logic has been investigated since the last decade of the 20th century. During the first fifteen years of investigation its semantics has been based on Fuzzy Set Theory. A semantics based on Fuzzy Set Theory, however, has been shown to have some counter-intuitive behavior, due to the fact that the truth function for the implication used is not the residuum of the truth function for the conjunction. In the meanwhile, Fuzzy Logic has ...
Using a standardized set of medical terminologies can help organize EMR content and facilitate patient care, follow-up and documentation in countries with many official languages. A controlled medical vocabulary of clinical terms from patient-provider encounters was developed from submissions of members of the medical community in the Philippines. Crowdsourcing may be useful for building standardized medical terminologies. It also increases awareness on MeSH, SNOMED CT and the UMLS.
In this paper, we study the problem of exchanging knowledge between a source and a target knowledge base (KB), connected through mappings. Differently from the traditional database exchange setting, which considers only the exchange of data, we are interested in exchanging implicit knowledge. As representation formalism we use Description Logics (DLs), thus assuming that the source and target KBs are given as a DL TBox+ABox, while the mappings have the form of DL TBox assertions. We study the problem of translating the knowledge in the source KB according to these mappings. We define a general framework of KB exchange, and address the problems of representing implicit source information in the target, and of computing different kinds of solutions, i.e., target KBs with specified properties, given a source KB and a mapping. We develop first results and study the complexity of KB exchange for DL-Lite_RDFS, a DL corresponding to the FOL fragment of RDFS, and for DL-Lite_R ...
Students learn common terms used in health care settings when enrolled in a medical terminology class. The terminology is often divided in categories that explore the systems of the human body, such...
Write a medical report describing the history, symptoms, and physical examination findings of a patient with - Answered by a verified Health Professional
Carole A. Goble: What have the Romans (and Germans) ever done for us? or There are real applications for Description Logics some of which even take advantage of their reasoning services. Description Logics 2000: 3- ...
Learn the terminology use by vets everywhere. This course will teach you to pronounce, spell, and define medical terms unique to the anatomy, physiology, testing, pathology, procedures, and treatment of animals.
DISEASE OUTBREAK NOTIFICATION DESCRIPTION is used in CDS V6-2-3 Type 011 - Emergency Care Commissioning Data Set to support the collection of nationally-notifiable data relating to outbreaks of disease, which are identified in Emergency Care Departments, where a SNOMED CT CODE is NOT available.
SNOMED International head David Markwell will shed light on how the clinical terminologies contribute to greater consistency for clinical analytics.
來自頂級大學和行業領導者的 Internal Medicine 課程。通過 Fundamentals of Immunology and Clinical Terminology for International and U.S. Students 等課程在線學習Internal Medicine。
The National Cancer Institute has announced the results of a study which compared the survival rates of heavy smokers who were screened for lung cancer usi
Free flashcards to help memorize facts about Medical Terminology Lesson 5 - Neurosensory. Other activities to help include hangman, crossword, word scramble, games, matching, quizes, and tests.
Free flashcards to help memorize facts about Medical Terminology Lesson 6 - Prefix and Suffix A to H. Other activities to help include hangman, crossword, word scramble, games, matching, quizes, and tests.
Read this full essay on Organizational Behavior Terminology And Concepts. AbstractIn this paper, I will take a look at some of the terminology and concepts a...
You searched for: Creator Royal North Shore Hospital of Sydney Remove constraint Creator: Royal North Shore Hospital of Sydney Language English Remove constraint Language: English Subject Terminology as Topic Remove constraint Subject: Terminology as Topic ...
Since version 0.9.0 of Buildbot slave-based terminology is deprecated in favor of worker-based terminology.. API change is done in backward compatible way, so old slave-containing classes, functions and attributes are still available and can be used. Old API support will be removed in the future versions of Buildbot.. Rename of API introduced in beta versions of Buildbot 0.9.0 done without providing fallback. See release notes for the list of breaking changes of private interfaces.. ...
Pool-Speak - Pool Terminology 101 What Those Words & Phrases Mean.Does pool terminology sound like gobbledygook to you when you are discussing anything about your pool or spa with your pool guy or supplier.
You searched for: Exhibit Tags aids Remove constraint Exhibit Tags: aids Subject Terminology as Topic Remove constraint Subject: Terminology as Topic ...
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What happens when your hospital goofs up and your term plan premium goes up because of that mistake? When you take a term plan, the insurance company
I am adopting a 3 ½-year-old child from Russia. From a parents point of view, this child looks pretty normal, yet his medical record is full of scary...
A medical industry organization called MIB keeps a record of your medical history--and skydiving, smoking, even your driving record may be in your file.
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VANCOUVER, BC and BOSTON, MA / ACCESSWIRE / December 24, 2019 / Imagin Medical (CSE:IME) (OTCQB:IMEXF) (Frankfurt & Stuttgart Symbol:DPD2) (Imagin or the
Fuzzy Description Logics (DLs) are logics that allow to deal with vague structured knowledge. Although a relatively important amount of work has been carried out in the last years concerning the use o
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Browse Surveying terminology questions in English to Yiddish on the KudoZ™ network by Translators and others assist each other with translations or explanations of terms and short phrases.
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Download All chapters of Test Bank for Mastering Healthcare Terminology 5th Edition by Shiland for Only 19.99, we provide Test bank, Solutions manual, exam ...
Language uncovers ones identification. With terminology, we can speak who we are and whatever we think. With out language, we might be separated. We would dont have any
In this article, we have gathered together instructions on how to classify sake, and terminology that may be useful when making a selection. Youll be well on your way to becoming a sake master after reading this article.
View Notes - Pharmacology from MCB 62 at Berkeley. Terminology drug: a chemical which in relatively small amounts has effects on physiology (the functioning of an organism) [old Eng. drooga=dried
VT9c Urinary Terminology - Hello! As you know it I promise to make flash cards for our final. So here they are. Please tell me if I made a mistake.
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The Health First and Primary Care Authorities will hold public hearings on their mandates to develop options for health coverage of all CT residents and to assess the capacity of CTs primary care system. All are 6:30 to 8:30 pm. 9/17 Putnam Middle School 9/18 Norwalk City Hall 9/23 Torrington City Hall Auditorium 9/24 CHA…. Read More ...
The Magee General Hospital Imaging Department provides a full range of diagnostic testing and treatment services for common to rare disorders using state-of-the-art equipment. Your key to early detection: CTs, mammograms, ultra-sounds, and MRIs. These are just a few of the imaging services we offer to assist physicians in detecting and evaluating abnormalities and changes in the body such as ...
The reactions listed in the Case details column are coded according to the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA), an internationally used set of standardised terms relating to medical conditions, medicines and medical devices. The reactions listed in the Reaction description column are based on what was reported to CARM, and do not always match the MedDRA term ...
If for medical or emergency reasons one needs to carry any medicine, one must have a prescription from a UAE licensed doctor. If treatment was undertaken outside the UAE, one must carry a doctors prescription as well as a detailed medical report, both of which should be suitably attested, says one of the guidelines ...
Are you recovering from post Diwali binging? Have you fared badly in your recent medical reports? It is time to do a reality check and make some changes in your
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The Messianic Archetype trope as used in popular culture. While the word messiah has different meanings in different cultures and there have been dozens of …
The thing is, in years past, as each new diagnosis was added to my medical charts problem list, BICJ would immediately and completely take over. She and Goldie would have left the premises moments after the biopsy result arrived, tires squealing, stereo blaring, in search of the perfect donut. Or slice of pie. Shed be GONESVILLE, man ...
The thing is, in years past, as each new diagnosis was added to my medical charts problem list, BICJ would immediately and completely take over. She and Goldie would have left the premises moments after the biopsy result arrived, tires squealing, stereo blaring, in search of the perfect donut. Or slice of pie. Shed be GONESVILLE, man ...
General Terms Accountable Care Organization A group of health care providers who have entered into a formal agreement to assume collective responsibility
Zion, the fact that people have not voted in huge numbers, indicates that this is no way to conduct statistical analysis. The respondents are a self...
In our assignment, there are 3 layers of interest, in my mind :-. Would it be possible to explain to me where & how these two layer fit in the overall picture with respect to my perception please.
"Microdochotomy". Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine - Clinical Terms. Retrieved 4 November 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged ... ISBN 978-3-540-69028-3. Microdochectomy, Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine - Clinical Terms Breast Microdochotomy/ ...
"Microdochotomy". Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine - Clinical Terms. Retrieved 4 November 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged ...
... and the Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine (SNOMED) vocabulary of health care concepts. Since about 2005, the CDC has ... Missing or empty ,title= (help) Ayers, John W.; Althouse, Benjamin M.; Dredze, Mark (2014-04-09). "Could Behavioral Medicine ...
Pathology Anatomic pathology Clinical pathology Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine American Society for Clinical Pathology. ... economic issues under the guidance of the Commission on Economics relevant to the practice of pathology and laboratory medicine ...
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT). *WHO Family of International Classifications *International ... When ICD-9 was published by the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Classification of Procedures in Medicine ( ...
Anatomic pathology Clinical pathology Pathology Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine "Annual Report - College of American ... and the public by fostering and advocating best practices in pathology and laboratory medicine. It is the world's largest ...
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine (SNOMED) - includes a section devoted to drug classification ... United States National Library of Medicine. Retrieved 2015-11-07.. *. "Information by Drug Class". Drug Safety and Availability ...
This axis has particular importance because the Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine ("SNOMED") has adopted the ICD-O ...
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Diagnosis-related group Medical classification Major Diagnostic Category MedDRA American ...
Human allotypes nomenclature was first described in alphabetical system and further systematized in numerical system, but both ... Which were practically used in forensic medicine and in paternity testing, before replaced by modern day DNA fingerprinting. ... Immunoglobulin+allotypes at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Overview at University of South ... International Union of Immunological Sciences (1974). "Recommendations for the Nomenclature of Human Immunoglobins". European ...
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine) classification scheme. The electronic delivery of test results from clinical ...
... a Supplement to the Systematized Nomenclature of Pathology (1970, 69pp.) Congenital Heart Disease in Adults (1979, 574pp.) ... present American Journal of Medicine: January 1975 - December 1986 American Journal of Medicine & Sports: January 1998 - ... By junior year, Roberts' ambitions had shifted to medicine in earnest. In 1954, Roberts graduated early from Southern Methodist ... In chronological order, these are: Classification of Heart Disease in Childhood (1970, 70pp.) A Manual of Nomenclature and ...
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT) WHO Family of International Classifications International ... Medicine portal Clinical coder Medical classifications Classification of mental disorders Classification of Pharmaco- ... the International Classification of Procedures in Medicine (ICPM) was also developed (1975) and published (1978). The ICPM ...
COSTART Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine (and SNOMED CT) WHOART the latest version of MedDRA is 20.1 updated in September- ... 2017 Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) International Classification of Diseases (ICD) Medical ...
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms) Suggested Upper Merged Ontology, a formal upper ontology Systems Biology ...
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine (SNOMED) is a systematic, computer-processable collection of medical terms, in human and ... Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) is the standard for the communication and management of medical imaging ... Its name was then changed to "Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine", abbreviated DICOM. New service classes were ... Clunie, D.; Cordonnier, K. (February 2002). Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) - Application/dicom MIME Sub ...
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine - Clinical Terms Turner, Lyle (22 April 2013). "Data Quality Statement" (PDF). Monash ...
Previously SNOMED was an acronym for Systematized Nomenclature Of Medicine, but it lost that meaning when SNOMED was combined ... SNOMED started in 1965 as a Systematized Nomenclature of Pathology (SNOP) and was further developed into a logic-based health ... In July 2003, the National Library of Medicine (NLM), on behalf of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, ... This extension is managed by the Veterinary Terminology Services Lab at the Va-Md College of Veterinary Medicine at Virginia ...
Inceptor and Chair of the Editorial Board of the Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine, the largest international clinical ... Gilles Pigeon [fr], former Dean of Medicine, 1991 recipient of the Duncan-Graham Award of the Royal College of Physicians and ... The Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences The Institute of Pharmacology of Sherbrooke The Sherbrooke University Hospital The ... Medicine and Health Sciences; Science; Theology, Ethics and Philosophy). Whether at the undergraduate or graduate level, most ...
... outcome Remote data entry Medical classification Uppsala Monitoring Centre COSTART MedDRA Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine ... Drug Evaluation Committee European Medicines Agency Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use Federal Agency for Medicines ... a licensed medicine that can only be obtained by prescription from a doctor Standard treatment - a currently available drug ... Norwegian Medicines Agency State Food and Drug Administration (China) Swedish Medical Products Agency Therapeutic Products ...
Referent Representation term Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Uniform resource identifier (URI) Unique identifier Unique ... contains various standardized naming systems Nomenclature code Chemical nomenclature International Code of Nomenclature for ... Nomenclature of Bacteria International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants International Code of Zoological Nomenclature ... Barcode Binomial nomenclature British Approved Name Data descriptor Data element Descriptor Diagnosis code Document management ...
The Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine (SNOMED) is a systematic, computer-processable collection of medical terms, in human ... SNOMED was designed as a comprehensive nomenclature of clinical medicine for the purpose of accurately storing and/or ... SNOMED was originally conceived by Côté as an extension of the design of the Systematized Nomenclature of Pathology (SNOP) ... The former was appointed as editorial chair of the Committee on Nomenclature and Classification of Diseases of the CAP and ...
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine (SNOMED) is a systematic, computer-processable collection of medical terms, in human and ... Fields of medicineEdit. Many fields of medicine have a dedicated Working Group within DICOM,[15] and DICOM is applicable to any ... Clunie, D.; Cordonnier, K. (February 2002). Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) - Application/dicom MIME Sub ... Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) is the standard for the communication and management of medical imaging ...
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine MeSH L01.453.245.945.800 - Unified Medical Language System MeSH L01.453.270 - drug ... national library of medicine (u.s.) MeSH L01.346.596.663 - nursing libraries MeSH L01.453.183 - bibliography MeSH L01.453. ... as defined by the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM). This list continues the information at List of MeSH codes ( ... bibliography of medicine MeSH L01.178.682.099.325 - bibliometrics MeSH L01.178.682.099.434 - biobibliography MeSH L01.178. ...
National Library of Medicine. Lessin SR, Huebner K, Isobe M, Croce CM, Steinert PM (Jan 1989). "Chromosomal mapping of human ... "New consensus nomenclature for mammalian keratins". J Cell Biol. 174 (2): 169-74. doi:10.1083/jcb.200603161. PMC 2064177. PMID ... generalized form in children from parents with systematized linear form". Br. J. Dermatol. 122 (3): 417-22. doi:10.1111/j.1365- ...
Firth, John (2020). "Science in medicine: when, how, and what". Oxford textbook of medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ... ISBN 978-0-226-18451-7. The changing character of those engaged in scientific endeavors was matched by a new nomenclature for ... Both John Herschel and William Whewell systematized methodology: the latter coined the term scientist. When Charles Darwin ... Medicine is the practice of caring for patients by maintaining and restoring health through the prevention, diagnosis, and ...
He developed the nomenclature of this art at the research club in Keio University, changing the meaning of its name from " ... eds.). Combat Sports Medicine. p. 288. ISBN 9781848003545. Retrieved 8 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) ... It is said that this was the beginning of a systematized martial practice that eventually spread to other Asian countries via ...
Tuxen, S L. "Entomology Systematizes and Describes: 1700-1815." In History of Entomology, edited by Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. ... Linnaeus' universal system of classification made a system based on binomial nomenclature, but included higher levels of ... Philosophy and Science and Its Relationship to Modern Biology and Medicine". Taxon. 58 (1): 18-31. doi:10.1002/tax.581005. ...
"HLA Nomenclature @" HLA Nomenclature @ Anthony Nolan Research Institute, 10 Nov. 2013. Web. ... Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. 73 Pt B: 231-51. doi:10.1007/978-1-4684-3300-5_20. ISBN 978-1-4684-3302-9. PMID ... Historical perspective is important to an understanding of how the HLA were systematized. In organ transplant the goal was to ... In 1968 the WHO Nomenclature Committee for Factors of the HLA System first met. They established a system that divided the HLAs ...
However, the prime example of reference works that systematized scientific knowledge in the age of Enlightenment were universal ... the century saw significant advancements in the practice of medicine, mathematics, and physics; the development of biological ... A new form of chemical nomenclature, developed by Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau, with assistance from Lavoisier, classified ... The works were part of an Enlightenment movement to systematize knowledge and provide education to a wider audience than the ...
NomenclatureEdit. A concept is the overall element and includes the categories which are conceptual elements standing by ... This approach was written down and systematized in the 1960s by Anselm Strauss (himself a student of Herbert Blumer) and Barney ... the process of grounded theory can be and has been applied to a number of different disciplines such as medicine, law, and ...
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine (SNOMED) - includes a section devoted to drug classification ... United States National Library of Medicine. Retrieved 2015-11-07.. *. "Information by Drug Class". Drug Safety and Availability ...
Previously SNOMED was an acronym for Systematized Nomenclature Of Medicine, but it lost that meaning when SNOMED was combined ... SNOMED was started in 1965 as a Systematized Nomenclature of Pathology (SNOP) and was further developed into a logic-based ... "Methods of Information in Medicine. 48 (5): 459-467. doi:10.3414/me0628. PMID 19448888.. ... This extension is managed by the Veterinary Terminology Services Lab[19] at the Va-Md College of Veterinary Medicine at ...
... has been attributed to Félix Vicq-d'Azyr systematizing nomenclature of parts of the brain in 1786. Mayer mistakenly used the ... Disorders, Institute of Medicine (US) Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System (1 January 2011). Overview of the Glutamatergic ... Chang BS, Lowenstein DH (Sep 2003). "Epilepsy". The New England Journal of Medicine. 349 (13): 1257-66. doi:10.1056/ ... 11 March 2017). "The Hippocampus". WikiJournal of Medicine. 4 (1). doi:10.15347/WJM/2017.003. ISSN 2002-4436. Wikidata ...
October 2010). "Revised nomenclature and classification of inherited ichthyoses: results of the First Ichthyosis Consensus ... Krone B, Grange JM (December 2010). "Melanoma, Darwinian medicine and the inner world". J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol. 136 (12): ... systematized verrucous nevus) Ichthyosis hystrix of Curth-Macklin Infiltrative basal cell carcinoma Inflammatory linear ... 2003). Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. McGraw-Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-138076-8. Bolognia, Jean L; et al. (2007). ...
Regardless of the nomenclature, proper breathing and the use of breathing techniques during a posture is a mainstay of Haṭha ... De Michelis, Elizabeth (2007). "A Preliminary Survey of Modern Yoga Studies". Asian Medicine. Brill Academic Publishers. 3 (1 ... is the earliest text which provides a systematized form of Haṭha yoga, and the earliest to place its yoga techniques under the ...
Garrod, Joel Z. (2006). "A Brave Old World: An Analysis of Scientific Racism and BiDil". McGill Journal of Medicine. 9 (1): 54- ... modified the established taxonomic bases of binomial nomenclature for fauna and flora, and also made a classification of humans ... though they would only be systematized epistemologically during the 19th century. Monogenism contends that all races have a ... According to an article published in the McGill Journal of Medicine: "One of the most influential pre-Darwinian racial ...
People observed and built up knowledge about the behavior of animals and the usefulness of plants as food and medicine, which ... The discovery of the chemical elements and atomic theory began to systematize this science, and researchers developed a ... He also constructed a table of 33 elements and invented modern chemical nomenclature. Formal biological science remained in its ... Robert Kilwardby wrote On the Order of the Sciences in the 13th century that classed medicine as a mechanical science, along ...
Though similarities in nomenclature may cause confusion, pseudoachondroplasia should not be confused with achondroplasia, which ... "A systematized approach to radiographic assessment of commonly seen genetic bone diseases in children: A pictorial review". J ... The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine. 48 (1): 245-50. doi:10.1016/j.ejrnm.2016.10.007.CS1 maint: multiple ...
September 2001). "A revised nomenclature for allergy. An EAACI position statement from the EAACI nomenclature task force". ... "Eczema". ACP medicine. Archived from the original on 10 January 2014. Retrieved 9 January 2014. Bershad SV (November 2011). "In ... have not yet been clearly systematized. Other rare eczematous disorders exist in addition to those listed here. Exclusive ... Vieira BL, Lim NR, Lohman ME, Lio PA (December 2016). "Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Atopic Dermatitis: An ...
In 1978, the nomenclature of the course was changed to MPhil in Psychiatric Social Work. Subsequently, a PhD Programme was ... The existing form of psychotherapy was known then as ilaj-i-nafsani in Unani medicine. The 18th century was a very unstable ... poverty relief could be said to have its roots in the English Poor Laws of the 17th century but was first systematized through ... The great sage Agastya was one of the 18 siddhas contributing to a system of medicine. This system has included the Agastiyar ...
The Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine (SNOMED) is a systematic, computer-processable collection of medical terms, in human ... SNOMED was designed as a comprehensive nomenclature of clinical medicine for the purpose of accurately storing and/or ... SNOMED was originally conceived by Côté as an extension of the design of the Systematized Nomenclature of Pathology (SNOP) ... The former was appointed as editorial chair of the Committee on Nomenclature and Classification of Diseases of the CAP and ...
The National Center for Biomedical Ontology was founded as one of the National Centers for Biomedical Computing, supported by the NHGRI, the NHLBI, and the NIH Common Fund under grant U54-HG004028 ...
Mapping of the Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT) and International Classification of Disease ( ...
The Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine (SNOMED) is a multiaxial, hierarchical classification system. As in any such system, ... Retrieved from "" ... 1.10 S (Social context) -- Social conditions and important relationships in medicine. *1.11 G (General) -- Syntactic linkages ... S (Social context) -- Social conditions and important relationships in medicine. *(S-10120) Mother ...
5.7 Use Case #7 - The Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine [HCLS]. Overview: The Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine, ... 5.7 Use Case #7 - The Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine [HCLS]. * 5.8 Use Case #8 - Simple part-whole relations in OWL ... Web ontology language requirements w.r.t expressiveness of taxononomy and axioms in medicine. . Christine Golbreich, Olivier ...
"Microdochotomy". Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine - Clinical Terms. Retrieved 4 November 2014. Nigel Rawlinson; Derek ...
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine. [document online] 2000 [cited 2000 Oct 1]. Available from: URL: ... and results are coded with the Systemized Nomenclature for Medicine [SNOMED] (6) terminology. At a follow-up meeting in 1999 ...
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT). *WHO Family of International Classifications *International ... When ICD-9 was published by the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Classification of Procedures in Medicine ( ...
Systematized Nomenclature for Medicine - Clinical Terms (SNOMED-CT). Available at: Accessed October ... such as the ophthalmology subset of the Systematic Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms,31 facilitating comparability of ... All states require that physicians have a license issued by the state to practice medicine. Practicing without the appropriate ... Levels of Evidence (March 2009). Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Centre for Evidence Based Medicine; 2009. Available ...
MedlinePlus Connect is a free service of the National Library of Medicine that links electronic health record (EHR) systems to ... SNOMED CT® (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine, Clinical Terms). Note: MedlinePlus Connect coverage of SNOMED CT focuses on ... U.S. National Library of Medicine 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20894 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National ... MedlinePlus Connect is a free service of the National Library of Medicine (NLM), National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the ...
... diagnoses and procedures in Synthea are coded using Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine -- Clinical Terms (SNOMED-CT). ...
SNOMED: Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine. SQL: Structured Query Language. VSAC: NLMs Value Set Authority Center. ... the National Library of Medicine has begun hosting a small number of value sets at their Value Set Authority Center (VSAC) ... US National Library of Medicine. Value set authority center URL: [accessed 2012-12-13] [WebCite Cache ...
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine) and LOINC (Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes). In the past, these ... Bethesda, MD: United States National Library of Medicine; 2008. URL: [accessed 2010- ... Bethesda, MD: United States National Library of Medicine; 2006. URL: [ ...
"Microdochotomy". Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine - Clinical Terms. Retrieved 4 November 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged ... ISBN 978-3-540-69028-3. Microdochectomy, Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine - Clinical Terms Breast Microdochotomy/ ...
We believe the use of LOINC®, Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT®), and other vocabulary standards ... 1) International Health Terminology Standards Development Organization Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms ( ... Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT®) or ICD9-CM) within those information models. To achieve ... Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT®) July 2009 version (incorporated by reference in § 170.299). ...
SNOMED CT = Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine - Clinical Terms. VEP = Variant Effect Predictor. ... Standardised clinical terminology, such as SNOMED CT (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine - Clinical Terms)4 and Human ... Preparing for genomic medicine: a real world demonstration of health system change. NPJ Genom Med 2017; 2: 16. ... Preparing Australia for genomic medicine: data, computing and digital health. David P Hansen, Marcel E Dinger, Oliver Hofmann, ...
for Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine, clinical terms.. Its a systematically organized computer, computer process-able ... A nomenclature is a terminology structured according to pre-established naming rules. ...
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine (SNOMED). *Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) ...
Systematized NOmenclature of MEDicine Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT), ...
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine (SNOMED®) for descriptions of findings, specifically for organism names ...
6Department of Internal Medicine, Kolding Hospital, Kolding, 7Department of Gastroenterology, Copenhagen University Hospital, ... Hvidovre, 8Department of Gastroenterology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Herlev, 9Department of Internal Medicine, Zealand ... 5Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, ... All ICD and systematized nomenclature of medicine (SNOMED)24 codes used in the definitions of inclusion and exclusion criteria ...
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine. SVM: Support Vector Machine. TFIDF: Term Frequency Inverse Document Frequency ...
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Medicin og biovidenskab * Clinical Decision Support Systems Medicin og biovidenskab ...
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms® (SNOMED CT) IHTSDO Link. *inkLM LN ... PhRMAs Medicine Assistance Tool (MAT). The PhRMA helps uninsured and financially struggling patients who lack prescription ... Meaningful Use Stage 2: Quality Measure Value Sets from NLM - The National Library of Medicine (NLM) Value Set Authority Center ... The National Library of Medicine (NLM) Value Set Authority Center (VSAC) provides downloadable access to all official versions ...
Systematized nomenclature of medicine (SNOMED). JAMA 1980, 243(8):756-762.. 13. Sun M, Zhu W, Tao S, Cui L, Zhang GQ: COBE: A ... As genetic sequence data is now being used to make health care decisions, analysis tools needed for personalized medicine must ... Correspondence: Sally R Ellingson ([email protected]) - Division of Biomedical Informatics, College of Medicine, University of ... Correspondence: Sally R Ellingson ([email protected]) - Division of Biomedical Informatics, College of Medicine, University of ...
R. Cote, Ed., Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine, College of American Pathologists, Skokie, Ill, USA, 1980. ... 2Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, VIC ... The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 346, no. 18, pp. 1349-1356, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar ... 4Centre of Clinical Research Excellence in Therapeutics, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public ...
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT) Resource Development AHRQ, CDC, CMS, FDA, HRSA, IHS, OS, ... and Integrating High-Throughput Screening Technology Standards in Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Product Use in ...
SNOMED (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine) is used to represent specimens and test findings. The official site for SNOMED ... Yes, use LOINC (Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes) and SNOMED (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine) to code ... vocabulary is the National Library of Medicine (NLM) site at Click on the right hand corner ...
  • A nomenclature is a terminology structured according to pre-established naming rules. (
  • The most recent one has coding in the Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine - Clinical Terminology (SNOMED CT). (
  • The Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine -- Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT) is one of the most extensive terminology systems available. (
  • The Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms, widely know as SNOMED CT, is the most comprehensive multilingual clinical healthcare terminology. (
  • The terminology has roots with the College of American Pathologists in 1960s with the development of SNOP, or Systematized Nomenclature of Pathology, which later became SNOMED RT (Reference Terminology). (
  • In fall 2015, healthcare facilities across the United States were required to transition to a newer and more detailed version of one of these terminologies, from ICD-9-CM to ICD-10-CM. To facilitate the terminology transition, the National Library of Medicine (NLM) released semi-automated mapping rules and guidelines that should enable translation between SNOMED CT and ICD-10-CM codes. (
  • The new terminology was hierarchically mapped to Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine terms and New York University numbers and physically mapped to 2-dimensional anatomic diagrams for clarity and reproducibility. (
  • For example, it contains the Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine--Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT), which is a comprehensive clinical terminology created for the electronic exchange of clinical health information, the Foundational Model of Anatomy (FMA), which is an ontology of anatomical concepts created specifically for biomedical and clinical research, and MEDLINEPLUS, which is a terminology source containing health related concepts created specifically for consumers of health services. (
  • Methods, systems, and computer program products for searching clinical terminology databases, and more specifically systems and methods for searching structured terminology databases that possess structures for terminology synonyms and semantic parent concept relationships-such as the Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT) data standard-are provided. (
  • The Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT) is a data standard that provides core clinical terminology for electronic health information systems, and is endorsed by the International Health Terminology Standards Development Organization (IHTSDO). (
  • SNOMED CT® (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine, Clinical Terms). (
  • The development of SNOMED CT can be been traced back to 1928 when the New York Academy of Medicine convened a forum to develop a new model for representing diseases and procedures. (
  • IHTSDO evolved from a project that originated in the United States known as SNOMED CT (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms). (
  • Part one of a two-part series SNOMED CT, the Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical. (
  • SNOMED CT® (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms) from the College of American Pathologists. (
  • Create an iPhone, iPad, or Android application to help standardize bedside ulcer assessment and integrate treatment data into the Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT). (
  • The library released a draft mapping tool that links terms from the Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms (SNOMED-CT) to the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9). (
  • The Ministry of Health is also a Charter Member of SNOMED International who owns, maintains and administers the Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine - Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT). (
  • The Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT) and the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) are two commonly used standardized health terminologies in the United States. (
  • Medical reference resources for patients include Medline's Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms (SNOMED-CT) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Thesarus. (
  • The service now also includes results from Genetics Home Reference in response to requests to codes from the Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms ( SNOMED CT ) and the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, Clinical Modification ( ICD-10-CM ). (
  • The other coding scheme used in the other database is known as the Standard Nomenclature of Veterinary Disease and Operations (SNVDO) that is no longer in use. (
  • 10 That multi-axial system eventually became the Standard Nomenclature of Diseases and Operations (SNDO) and provided the foundation for modern clinical terminologies. (
  • SNOMED was originally conceived by Côté as an extension of the design of the Systematized Nomenclature of Pathology (SNOP) applicable for all medicine. (
  • Research and development activities have been carried out to provide standardized health vocabularies, for example, SNOMED (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine) and LOINC (Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes). (
  • LOINC is an example of a nomenclature. (
  • A lot of labs are sending data with HL7 2.3.1 and they have to upgrade their message format to 2.5.1 and start sending LOINC [Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes] and SNOMED [Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine] codes," he adds. (
  • The former was appointed as editorial chair of the Committee on Nomenclature and Classification of Diseases of the CAP and developed the SNOMED from 1973 to 1997. (
  • The Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine (SNOMED) is a multiaxial, hierarchical classification system. (
  • It is this element of grouping in a statistical classification that distinguishes it from a nomenclature, a list or catalogue of approved names for morbid conditions, which must be extensive in order to accommodate all pathological conditions. (
  • The concepts of classification and nomenclature are, nevertheless, closely relate din the sense that some classifications (e.g. in zoology) are so detailed that they become nomenclatures. (
  • The metaphor used by Roger A. Côté, the first editorial chair, was that SNOMED would become the periodic table of elements of medicine because of its definitional organization beyond the hierarchical design. (
  • For the health system, the aims of genomic medicine are faster and more accurate diagnosis, and the correct treatment first time. (
  • 1 For patients, genomic medicine offers personalised care, empowerment, access to information and control of the diagnostic odyssey. (
  • to report the development of a software to support decision-making for the selection of nursing diagnoses and interventions for children and adolescents, based on the nomenclature of nursing diagnoses, outcomes and interventions of a university hospital in Paraiba. (
  • Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine - Clinical Terms. (
  • However, in the era of precision medicine, the biological behavior is interpreted in terms of not only histological morphology but also genomic features of the tumor. (
  • We developed PLUS search strategies, matching Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) and Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine (SNOMED) terms with guideline topics. (
  • SNOMED was designed as a comprehensive nomenclature of clinical medicine for the purpose of accurately storing and/or retrieving records of clinical care in human and veterinary medicine. (
  • Simon is a Research Professor in the Section of Clinical Medicine and Ageing where he advises on health outcomes research and statistical analysis. (
  • The National Library of Medicine wants health care organizations and vendors to test drive its new mapping tool that seeks to link a standard medical vocabulary to support applications for electronic health records, officials have announced. (
  • The adopted vocabulary standards for medications are any code set from an RxNorm drug data source provider that is identified by the United States National Library of Medicine as being a complete data set integrated within RxNorm+ (note the + indicating RxNorm is not a consensus standard from an SDO, it's a product of the National Library of Medicine). (
  • Our servers are located at the University of Missouri, College of Veterinary Medicine. (
  • Current policies should leverage new advances in genomics and personalized medicine in order to individualize diagnosis and treatment. (
  • MedlinePlus Connect is a free service of the National Library of Medicine (NLM), National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). (
  • Precision medicine is a newly emerging trend in medicine, whereby individualized medical treatments are designed based on the specific biologic information of each patient. (
  • [ note 2 ] Also refer to the 2004 study by T.B. Patrick and coworkers [ note 3 ] about the effectiveness of retrieval strategies for meta-analysis reviews and the validity of "evidence-based retrieval in evidence-based medicine" (available online from PubMed Central). (
  • Dr. Nigam Shah is associate professor of Medicine (Biomedical Informatics) at Stanford University, Assistant Director of the Center for Biomedical Informatics Research, and a core member of the Biomedical Informatics Graduate Program. (
  • Documenting the indication on prescriptions and dispensed medicines labels is not standard practice in Australia. (
  • Ever since the introduction of the term "Web 2.0"″ in 2004, there has been much definitional obscurity about its true impact in medicine. (
  • Sixteen years after the Institute of Medicine called for implementation of the computerized patient health record, the healthcare industry is still debating exactly what that record is, how to implement it, and when. (
  • However, previous studies that have focused on the content and design of dispensed medicines labels, have suggested including the indication as a safety measure. (
  • Last week in the both Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA), and a number of critical care publications such as the Society of Critical Care Medicine, we got our first peek at newly updated treatment recommendations coming out of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign. (
  • There are several ways in which personalized medicine can be enabled: (1) "meaningful use" requirements promulgated by the executive branch, (2) change driven by consumer demand for personalized medicine, (3) pilot and demonstrations projects supported by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Innovation Center, and (4) academic-industry collaborations encouraged by the government through investment. (
  • We develop methods to analyze large unstructured data sets for data-driven medicine. (
  • We use ontologies to annotate, index and analyze Big Data in biomedicine for enabling data-driven decision making in medicine and health care. (
  • Data driven medicine: The goal is to combine machine learning, text-mining, and prior knowledge in medical ontologies to discover hidden trends, build risk models, drive data driven decision making, and comparative effectiveness studies. (
  • We will examine resource use and associated costs in the last 6 months of life using linked claims data to report on health service use, hospitalizations, emergency department visits and medicines use. (
  • Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine ( DICOM ) is the standard for the communication and management of medical imaging information and related data [1] . (
  • The guidelines for labelling dispensed medicines in Australia requires information such as the directions for use, the dose form and the quantity supplied to be clearly visible on the label. (
  • Institute of Medicine. (
  • 1 The Institute of Medicine has defined health IT as a broad range of products. (