Cerebrospinal Fluid Pressure
Cranial Fossa, Posterior
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts
Spinal Cord Neoplasms
Spinal Cord Injuries
Hand-Arm Vibration Syndrome
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (U.S.)
Focal (segmental) dyshidrosis in syringomyelia. (1/233)The features or mechanisms of dyshidrosis have not been sufficiently clarified. Neither has the difference between hyperhidrosis and hypohidrosis. To clarify the features and mechanisms of dyshidrosis (hyperhidrosis and hypohidrosis) in syringomyelia, the clinical features focusing on hidrosis of 30 patients with syringomyelia and Chiari malformation located from a syringomyelia database were prospectively analysed. The patients were classified into three groups: eight patients (26.7%) had segmental hypohidrosis, 10 (33. 3%) had segmental hyperhidrosis, and 12 (40.0%) had normohidrosis. We found that the Karnofsky functional status for the hyperhydrosis and normohidrosis groups were significantly higher than for the hypohidrosis group (p=0.0012), with no significant differences between the hyperhidrosis and normohidrosis groups. The duration from the onset of syringomyelia to the current dyshidrosis was significantly longer in the hypohidrosis group than in the hyperhidrosis group (p=0.0027). A significant correlation was identified between the duration from the onset of syringomyelia to the time at study and the performance score (r=-0.599, p=0.0003). The results substantiate previous hypotheses that in its early stage syringomyelia causes segmental hyperactivity of the sympathetic preganglionic neurons, and hyperactivity of these gradually subsides as tissue damage progresses. Focal hyperhidrosis may be regarded as a hallmark of a relatively intact spinal cord, as well as normohidrosis. (+info)
Arnold-Chiari malformation with syringomyelia in an elderly woman. (2/233)PRESENTATION: A 76-year-old woman, complaining of leg pain and unsteady gait for 3 years, presented with a spastic paraparetic gait, severe spasticity and touch, thermal and pain sensory loss limited to arms, lower thorax and upper abdomen. Brain and spinal cord magnetic resonance imaging showed a large loculated syrinx. Cerebellar tonsillar herniation into the foramen magnum was also seen (Arnold-Chiari malformation, type I). OUTCOME: The patient had successful cervico-spinal surgical decompression which resulted in marked reduction in hypertonia and weakness, normal gait and normal joint movement at 6 months. CONCLUSION: This unusual, late clinical presentation of a congenital disease underlines the importance of a comprehensive diagnostic work-up in the elderly patients with complex neurological signs. (+info)
Spinal sonography and magnetic resonance imaging in patients with repaired myelomeningocele: comparison of modalities. (3/233)The goals of this study were to evaluate the feasibility of using ultrasonography of the spine in the follow-up evaluation of patients with repaired myelomeningocele at birth and to compare sonography with the accepted modality of magnetic resonance imaging. Over a period of 4 years we performed 165 sonographic studies in 101 patients; 107 sonographic studies had MR imaging results for comparison. We collected our data prospectively. The quality of the sonograms was good in 110 of 129 studies, acceptable in 17 of 129, and poor in two of 129. The sonographic examinations failed in 33 of 165 studies (20%). Concordant information was obtained between ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging in the following percentage of studies: level of the distal end of the cord in 82%, position of the cord in the canal in 59%, presence of hydromyelia in 63%, cord duplication in 96%, adhesions in 16%, intradural mass in 37%, cord measurements in 85%, and dural sac measurements in 83%. At the lumbosacral level, we saw no cord pulsation in 57% of the studies in patients with cord adhesions and in 20% of those without adhesions. At the lower thoracic level, we saw no pulsation in 35% of the studies in patients with cord adhesions and in 7% of those without adhesions. Postoperative studies of cord release surgery in eight patients showed varied findings. We conclude that in those patients who have a spinal defect or interlaminar space allowing proper visualization of the lumbosacral spinal canal, ultrasound can provide fairly similar information to that obtained with magnetic resonance imaging of that area with no need for sedation and at a reduced cost. Ultrasonography seems more sensitive than magnetic resonance imaging in the detection of cord adhesions, which is particularly relevant in the diagnosis of tethering. (+info)
Diffusion-weighted MR imaging in a rat model of syringomyelia after excitotoxic spinal cord injury. (4/233)BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent experimental data have shown that an increase of excitatory amino acids and the initiation of inflammatory responses within the injured spinal cord may play a role in post-traumatic syringomyelia. The purpose of this study was to determine whether diffusion-weighted MR imaging with apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps could provide earlier evidence of spinal cord cavitation in a rat model of syringomyelia than available with conventional MR imaging. METHODS: The spinal cord gray matter of four rats was injected with the alpha-amino-3 hydroxy-5 methyl-4 isoxazole propionic acid/metabotropic receptor agonist quisqualic acid. Animals were sacrificed at 1, 4, or 8 weeks after injection, and the spinal cords were fixed in formalin for 1 week and imaged with T1-, T2-, and diffusion-weighted sequences. One control specimen was also imaged. ADC maps were constructed from the diffusion-weighted data. Histopathologic analyses of sections stained with cresyl violet were compared with the MR images. RESULTS: By 1 week after injection, ADC maps at the level of injection showed areas within the gray matter of increased intensity and increased ADC values as compared with the control specimen. These bright areas corresponded to cysts or cavities within the cord parenchyma on the histopathologic sections. The ADC values within affected gray matter areas progressively increased at 4 and 8 weeks, also corresponding to cyst formation. Conventional T1- and T2-weighted images showed corresponding lesions with cystic characteristics at 4 and 8 weeks, but not at 1 week. CONCLUSION: In an animal model of syringomyelia, diffusion-weighted imaging with ADC maps detected cystic lesions within spinal cord gray matter before they were seen on conventional T1- and T2-weighted images. (+info)
Effect of cerebrospinal fluid shunting on experimental syringomyelia: magnetic resonance imaging and histological findings. (5/233)The histological changes associated with syringomyelia after reduction of the syrinx size were investigated after cerebrospinal fluid shunting in experimental syringomyelia in the rabbit. Five weeks after syringomyelia was induced by the injection of kaolin into the cisterna magna in Japanese white rabbits, ventriculosubgaleal shunting or syringoepidural shunting were performed. After 1 week magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and histological examination were then carried out. Five of 11 shunted animals showed postoperative reduction of syrinx size on MR imaging. Grossly, some specimens showed cavity collapse and parenchymal healing, and others showed a small residual syrinx in the dorsal horn. The most dramatic histological changes occurred in the gray matter. Specimens with syrinx collapse showed rarefaction and tearing of the gray matter, with mild glial reaction. The edematous gray matter showed both degeneration and regeneration, with neuronal processes surrounded by edema fluid. Reactive astrocytes were observed mainly at the margin of the residual syrinx. Some astrocytic processes invested the extraaxonal space and gray matter lacked supportive tissue. Greater reduction of the syrinx after shunting operation was correlated with more regeneration and less degeneration, and the white matter was edematous and histological changes were milder. Syrinx shrinkage occurred after shunting in this experimental model of syringomyelia. The selective vulnerability of gray matter even after shunting may explain discrepancies between imaging findings and clinical features in this disease. The study supports the potential benefit from early treatment, considering the associated morphological findings of regeneration. (+info)
Spinal dysraphism in a newborn Holstein-Friesian calf. (6/233)Spinal dysraphism, not associated with vertebral defect or arthrogryposis, was found in a 3-day-old Holstein-Friesian calf that was clinically diagnosed as having encephalopathy. The dysraphic lesion occurred in the sixth (C6) and seventh (C7) segments of the cervical spinal cord. Microscopically, the lesion was characterized by hydromyelia, syringomyelia, anomaly of the ventral median fissure, abnormal running of the myelinated nerve fibers in the white column, and absence of the central canal due to a developmental defect of the ependymal cells. (+info)
Retrocerebellar arachnoid cyst with syringomyelia: a case report. (7/233)Association of syringomyelia with retrocerebellar arachnoid cysts is rare. A case of 14 year old female is being reported, who presented with hydrocephalus caused by a large midline retrocerebellar infravermal arachnoid cyst leading to obstruction of the outlet foramina of the fourth ventricle. There was associated syringomyelia. The pathogenesis of syringomyelia is discussed. The need to evaluate cervical spinal cord by taking T1 weighted sagittal sections in all the patients of large posterior fossa mass lesions causing obstruction to the outlet foramina of the fourth ventricle has been stressed, in order to detect associated syringomyelia. (+info)
Chiari malformation and syringomyelia in monozygotic twins: birth injury as a possible cause of syringomyelia--case report. (8/233)A 26-year-old female, the elder of monozygotic twins, presented with slow progressive numbness and pain in her left arm. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed syringomyelia with Chiari malformation. The patient's birth had been difficult with prolonged delivery time, breech delivery, and neonatal asphyxia. MR imaging of the patient's twin sister showed mild tonsillar ectopia, but absence of syringomyelia. This younger sister was born without problems. The patient underwent syringosubarachnoid shunt at the C5-6 level. The syrinx was collapsed promptly, and her symptoms disappeared. This case of syringomyelia with Chiari malformation in one of twins suggests that birth injury is likely to be a cause of the pathogenesis of syringomyelia. (+info)
The exact cause of syringomyelia is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to abnormal development or blockage of the spinal cord during fetal development. Some cases may be associated with genetic mutations or other inherited conditions, while others may be caused by acquired factors such as trauma, infection, or tumors.
Symptoms of syringomyelia can vary widely and may include:
1. Pain: Pain is a common symptom of syringomyelia, particularly in the neck, back, or limbs. The pain may be aching, sharp, or burning in nature and may be exacerbated by movement or activity.
2. Muscle weakness: As the syrinx grows, it can compress and damage the surrounding nerve fibers, leading to muscle weakness and wasting. This can affect the limbs, face, or other areas of the body.
3. Paresthesias: Patients with syringomyelia may experience numbness, tingling, or burning sensations in the affected area.
4. Spasticity: Some individuals with syringomyelia may experience spasticity, which is characterized by stiffness and increased muscle tone.
5. Sensory loss: In severe cases of syringomyelia, patients may experience loss of sensation in the affected area.
6. Bladder dysfunction: Syringomyelia can also affect the bladder and bowel function, leading to urinary retention or incontinence.
7. Orthostatic hypotension: Some patients with syringomyelia may experience a drop in blood pressure when standing, leading to dizziness or fainting.
Diagnosis of syringomyelia is typically made through a combination of imaging studies such as MRI or CT scans, and clinical evaluation. Treatment options vary depending on the underlying cause and severity of the condition, but may include:
1. Physical therapy to maintain muscle strength and prevent deformities.
2. Orthotics and assistive devices to improve mobility and function.
3. Pain management with medication or injections.
4. Surgery to release compressive lesions or remove tumors.
5. Chemotherapy to treat malignant causes of syringomyelia.
6. Shunting procedures to drain cerebrospinal fluid and relieve pressure.
7. Rehabilitation therapies such as occupational and speech therapy to address any cognitive or functional deficits.
It's important to note that the prognosis for syringomyelia varies depending on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. In some cases, the condition may be manageable with treatment, while in others it may progress and lead to significant disability or death. Early diagnosis and intervention are key to improving outcomes for patients with syringomyelia.
There are several types of Arnold-Chiari malformation, ranging from Type I to Type IV, with Type I being the most common and mildest form. In Type I, the cerebellar tonsils extend into the spinal canal, while in Type II, a portion of the cerebellum itself is pushed down into the spinal canal. Types III and IV are more severe and involve more extensive protrusion of brain tissue into the spinal canal.
The symptoms of Arnold-Chiari malformation can vary depending on the severity of the condition, but may include headaches, dizziness, balance problems, numbness or weakness in the limbs, and difficulty swallowing. The condition is often diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, imaging tests such as MRI or CT scans, and other diagnostic procedures.
Treatment for Arnold-Chiari malformation depends on the severity of the condition and may range from observation to surgery. In mild cases, no treatment may be necessary, while in more severe cases, surgery may be required to relieve pressure on the brain and spinal cord. The goal of surgery is to restore the normal position of the brain and spinal cord and to alleviate symptoms.
In conclusion, Arnold-Chiari malformation is a congenital condition that affects the brainstem and cerebellum, resulting in protrusion of brain tissue into the spinal canal. The severity of the condition varies, and treatment ranges from observation to surgery, depending on the symptoms and severity of the condition.
Arachnoiditis can be caused by a variety of factors, such as infection, injury, or certain medical procedures. It is often difficult to diagnose, as the symptoms can be similar to those of other conditions, and there is no specific test for it. Treatment options are limited and may include pain medication, physical therapy, and other supportive measures.
Arachnoiditis is a rare condition, but it can have a significant impact on quality of life for those affected. It is important to seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen over time, as early diagnosis and treatment may improve outcomes.
Platybasia can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
1. Chronic inflammation: Prolonged inflammation can cause the basal cells to flatten and spread out, leading to platybasia.
2. Infection: Certain infections, such as herpes simplex virus, can cause platybasia by damaging the epithelial cells.
3. Irritation: Repeated irritation or trauma to the skin or mucous membranes can lead to platybasia.
4. Genetic disorders: Certain genetic disorders, such as epidermolysis bullosa, can cause platybasia by impairing the ability of the epithelial cells to adhere to each other.
5. Cancer: Platybasia can be a feature of some types of cancer, such as squamous cell carcinoma.
The symptoms of platybasia can vary depending on the location and severity of the condition. They may include:
1. Redness and inflammation
2. Thickening of the skin or mucous membranes
3. Formation of scaly or crusted lesions
4. Discharge or bleeding from the affected area
5. Pain or discomfort
The diagnosis of platybasia is typically made through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and diagnostic tests such as biopsy or imaging studies. Treatment depends on the underlying cause of the condition and may include antibiotics, topical medications, or surgery.
In summary, platybasia is a condition characterized by the flattening and spreading out of basal cells in the epithelium, which can be caused by a variety of factors and can occur in various parts of the body. It can cause a range of symptoms and may be associated with certain medical conditions or cancer. Accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment are important to prevent complications and improve outcomes.
* Cerebral encephalocele: when the brain tissue protrudes through the skull.
* Meningoencephalocele: when the meninges (the protective covering of the brain and spinal cord) protrude through the skull along with the brain tissue.
* Mesenchymal encephalocele: when other tissues such as skin, muscle or bone protrude through the skull along with the brain tissue.
Symptoms of encephalocele can vary depending on the severity of the defect and can include:
* Protrusion of the brain or meninges through a opening in the skull
* Abnormal appearance of the head or face
* Delayed developmental milestones such as sitting, standing or walking
* Poor muscle tone
* Vision and hearing problems
Diagnosis of encephalocele is typically made through a combination of physical examination, imaging studies such as CT or MRI scans, and genetic testing. Treatment for encephalocele usually involves surgery to repair the opening in the skull and relieve any pressure on the brain. In some cases, additional surgeries may be necessary to correct other defects such as hydrocephalus (fluid accumulation in the brain).
Encephalocele is a rare condition, but it can have serious consequences if left untreated. Early detection and intervention are important for improving outcomes and reducing the risk of complications.
Arachnoid cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form between the layers of protective tissue (meninges) that cover the brain and spinal cord. They are typically benign and may or may not cause symptoms. Arachnoid cysts are relatively rare, and their exact cause is unknown. However, they may be associated with other congenital anomalies or neurological conditions.
Symptoms of Arachnoid Cysts
The symptoms of arachnoid cysts can vary depending on the size and location of the cyst. Some common symptoms include:
3. Nausea and vomiting
4. Abnormal eye movements
5. Weakness or numbness in the arms or legs
6. Confusion or disorientation
Diagnosis of Arachnoid Cysts
Arachnoid cysts are typically diagnosed using a combination of imaging tests, such as:
1. CT scans
2. MRI scans
Treatment of Arachnoid Cysts
The treatment of arachnoid cysts depends on the size and location of the cyst, as well as the symptoms it is causing. In some cases, arachnoid cysts may not require treatment and can be monitored with regular imaging tests. However, if the cyst is causing symptoms or is growing in size, surgery may be necessary to remove the cyst.
Prognosis of Arachnoid Cysts
The prognosis for arachnoid cysts is generally good, and most people with these cysts lead normal lives. However, in some cases, arachnoid cysts can cause serious complications, such as infection or bleeding, which can be life-threatening. It is important to seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen over time.
In conclusion, arachnoid cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form between the layers of protective tissue (meninges) covering the brain and spinal cord. While they are generally benign, they can cause a variety of symptoms and complications. If you suspect that you or someone you know may have an arachnoid cyst, it is important to seek medical attention for proper diagnosis and treatment.
 "Arachnoid Cysts." American Association of Neurological Surgeons, 2022,
 "Arachnoid Cyst." Mayo Clinic, 2022,
 "Arachnoid Cysts." MedlinePlus, 2022,
 "Arachnoid Cyst: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment." Health Line, 2022,
Some common types of birth injuries include:
1. Brain damage: This can occur due to a lack of oxygen to the baby's brain during delivery, resulting in conditions such as cerebral palsy or hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE).
2. Nerve damage: This can result from prolonged labor, use of forceps or vacuum extraction, or improper handling of the baby during delivery, leading to conditions such as brachial plexus injuries or Erb's palsy.
3. Fractures: These can occur due to improper use of forceps or vacuum extraction, or from the baby being dropped or handled roughly during delivery.
4. Cutaneous injuries: These can result from rough handling or excessive pressure during delivery, leading to conditions such as caput succedaneum (swelling of the scalp) or cephalohematoma (bleeding under the skin of the head).
5. Infections: These can occur if the baby is exposed to bacteria during delivery, leading to conditions such as sepsis or meningitis.
6. Respiratory distress syndrome: This can occur if the baby does not breathe properly after birth, resulting in difficulty breathing and low oxygen levels.
7. Shoulder dystocia: This occurs when the baby's shoulder becomes stuck during delivery, leading to injury or damage to the baby's shoulder or neck.
8. Umbilical cord prolapse: This occurs when the umbilical cord comes out of the birth canal before the baby, leading to compression or strangulation of the cord and potentially causing injury to the baby.
9. Meconium aspiration: This occurs when the baby inhales a mixture of meconium (bowel movement) and amniotic fluid during delivery, leading to respiratory distress and other complications.
10. Brachial plexus injuries: These occur when the nerves in the baby's neck and shoulder are damaged during delivery, leading to weakness or paralysis of the arm and hand.
It is important to note that not all birth injuries can be prevented, but proper medical care and attention during pregnancy, labor, and delivery can help minimize the risk of complications. If you suspect that your baby has been injured during delivery, it is important to seek prompt medical attention to ensure proper diagnosis and treatment.
* Thoracic scoliosis: affects the upper back (thoracic spine)
* Cervical scoliosis: affects the neck (cervical spine)
* Lumbar scoliosis: affects the lower back (lumbar spine)
Scoliosis can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
* Genetics: inherited conditions that affect the development of the spine
* Birth defects: conditions that are present at birth and affect the spine
* Infections: infections that affect the spine, such as meningitis or tuberculosis
* Injuries: injuries to the spine, such as those caused by car accidents or falls
* Degenerative diseases: conditions that affect the spine over time, such as osteoporosis or arthritis
Symptoms of scoliosis can include:
* An uneven appearance of the shoulders or hips
* A difference in the height of the shoulders or hips
* Pain or discomfort in the back or legs
* Difficulty standing up straight or maintaining balance
Scoliosis can be diagnosed through a variety of tests, including:
* X-rays: images of the spine that show the curvature
* Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): images of the spine and surrounding tissues
* Computed tomography (CT) scans: detailed images of the spine and surrounding tissues
Treatment for scoliosis depends on the severity of the condition and can include:
* Observation: monitoring the condition regularly to see if it progresses
* Bracing: wearing a brace to support the spine and help straighten it
* Surgery: surgical procedures to correct the curvature, such as fusing vertebrae together or implanting a metal rod.
It is important for individuals with scoliosis to receive regular monitoring and treatment to prevent complications and maintain proper spinal alignment.
There are several types of hydrocephalus, including:
1. Aqueductal stenosis: This occurs when the aqueduct that connects the third and fourth ventricles becomes narrowed or blocked, leading to an accumulation of CSF in the brain.
2. Choroid plexus papilloma: This is a benign tumor that grows on the surface of the choroid plexus, which is a layer of tissue that produces CSF.
3. Hydrocephalus ex vacuo: This occurs when there is a decrease in the volume of brain tissue due to injury or disease, leading to an accumulation of CSF.
4. Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH): This is a type of hydrocephalus that occurs in adults and is characterized by an enlarged ventricle, gait disturbances, and cognitive decline, despite normal pressure levels.
5. Symptomatic hydrocephalus: This type of hydrocephalus is caused by other conditions such as brain tumors, cysts, or injuries.
Symptoms of hydrocephalus can include headache, nausea, vomiting, seizures, and difficulty walking or speaking. Treatment options for hydrocephalus depend on the underlying cause and may include medication, surgery, or a shunt to drain excess CSF. In some cases, hydrocephalus can be managed with lifestyle modifications such as regular exercise and a balanced diet.
Prognosis for hydrocephalus varies depending on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. However, with timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment, many people with hydrocephalus can lead active and fulfilling lives.
Some common types of neurogenic arthropathy include:
1. Charcot joint: A condition characterized by progressive destruction of the joint and deformity due to nerve damage, often seen in people with diabetes or peripheral neuropathy.
2. Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS): A chronic pain condition that typically affects one limb after an injury or trauma, causing discoloration, swelling, and stiffness in the affected area.
3. Reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD): A chronic pain condition that develops after an injury or trauma, characterized by swelling, stiffness, and pain in the affected limb.
4. Post-polio syndrome: A condition that affects people who had polio as children, causing muscle weakness, joint pain, and limited mobility.
The symptoms of neurogenic arthropathy can vary depending on the underlying cause and the severity of the nerve damage. Common symptoms include:
1. Pain: Joint pain is a primary symptom of neurogenic arthropathy, which can range from mild to severe and may be exacerbated by movement or activity.
2. Stiffness: The affected joints may become stiff and lose their normal range of motion, making it difficult to perform daily activities.
3. Swelling: Joint swelling is common in neurogenic arthropathy, especially in the early stages of the condition.
4. Limited mobility: As the condition progresses, people with neurogenic arthropathy may experience limited mobility in the affected joints, making it difficult to perform daily activities.
5. Muscle weakness: Weakness in the muscles surrounding the affected joint can contribute to joint instability and pain.
Treatment for neurogenic arthropathy depends on the underlying cause and the severity of the condition. Common treatments include:
1. Medications: Pain relievers, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or opioids, can help manage joint pain and inflammation. Muscle relaxants may also be prescribed to reduce muscle spasms and stiffness.
2. Physical therapy: A physical therapist can work with individuals to develop an exercise program that helps maintain joint mobility and strength.
3. Orthotics or assistive devices: In some cases, orthotics or assistive devices such as canes, walkers, or wheelchairs may be necessary to help improve mobility and support the affected joints.
4. Surgery: In severe cases of neurogenic arthropathy, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace damaged tissue or realign bones and joints.
5. Alternative therapies: Some people with neurogenic arthropathy may find relief from alternative therapies such as acupuncture or massage.
It's important to note that each individual's treatment plan will be unique and may involve a combination of these options. It's best to work closely with a healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate course of treatment for each person.
Some common types of cerebellar diseases include:
1. Cerebellar atrophy: This is a condition where the cerebellum shrinks or degenerates, leading to symptoms such as tremors, muscle weakness, and difficulty with movement.
2. Cerebellar degeneration: This is a condition where the cerebellum deteriorates over time, leading to symptoms such as loss of coordination, balance problems, and difficulties with speech and language.
3. Cerebellar tumors: These are abnormal growths that develop in the cerebellum, which can cause a variety of symptoms depending on their size and location.
4. Cerebellar stroke: This is a condition where blood flow to the cerebellum is interrupted, leading to damage to the brain tissue and symptoms such as weakness or paralysis of certain muscle groups.
5. Cerebellar vasculature disorders: These are conditions that affect the blood vessels in the cerebellum, leading to symptoms such as transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) or strokes.
6. Inflammatory diseases: These are conditions that cause inflammation in the cerebellum, leading to symptoms such as tremors, ataxia, and weakness.
7. Infections: Bacterial, viral, or fungal infections can affect the cerebellum and cause a range of symptoms.
8. Trauma: Head injuries or other forms of trauma can damage the cerebellum and lead to symptoms such as loss of coordination, balance problems, and memory loss.
9. Genetic disorders: Certain genetic mutations can affect the development and function of the cerebellum, leading to a range of symptoms.
10. Degenerative diseases: Conditions such as multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, and Huntington's disease can cause degeneration of the cerebellum and lead to symptoms such as tremors, ataxia, and weakness.
It's important to note that this is not an exhaustive list, and there may be other causes of cerebellar symptoms not included here. A healthcare professional can help determine the underlying cause of your symptoms based on a thorough medical history and examination.
Benign spinal cord neoplasms are typically slow-growing and may not cause any symptoms in the early stages. However, as they grow, they can compress or damage the surrounding healthy tissue, leading to a range of symptoms such as pain, numbness, weakness, or paralysis.
Malignant spinal cord neoplasms are more aggressive and can grow rapidly, invading surrounding tissues and spreading to other parts of the body. They can cause similar symptoms to benign tumors, as well as other symptoms such as fever, nausea, and weight loss.
The diagnosis of spinal cord neoplasms is based on a combination of clinical findings, imaging studies (such as MRI or CT scans), and biopsy. Treatment options vary depending on the type and location of the tumor, but may include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
The prognosis for spinal cord neoplasms depends on the type and location of the tumor, as well as the patient's overall health. In general, benign tumors have a better prognosis than malignant tumors, and early diagnosis and treatment can improve outcomes. However, even with successful treatment, some patients may experience long-term neurological deficits or other complications.
There are several potential causes of hypohidrosis, including:
1. Neurological disorders: Conditions such as Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, and spinal cord injuries can damage the nerves that control sweat glands, leading to hypohidrosis.
2. Endocrine disorders: Hormonal imbalances or deficiencies, such as hypopituitarism or hypothyroidism, can affect the body's ability to produce sweat.
3. Medications: Certain medications, such as anticholinergics and beta blockers, can suppress sweat production.
4. Infections: Bacterial or fungal infections can inflame and damage sweat glands, leading to hypohidrosis.
5. Trauma: Burns, wounds, or other injuries to the skin can damage sweat glands and lead to hypohidrosis.
6. Genetic conditions: Some inherited disorders, such as familial hyperhidrosis, can cause hypohidrosis.
Symptoms of hypohidrosis may include:
* Dry, hot skin
* Increased body temperature
* Fatigue or weakness
* Dizziness or lightheadedness
* Nausea and vomiting
Treatment for hypohidrosis depends on the underlying cause. In some cases, treating the underlying condition can resolve the hypohidrosis. For example, if the condition is caused by a medication side effect, stopping or switching to a different medication may be sufficient. In other cases, treatment may involve managing symptoms and preventing complications. This may include:
* Drinking plenty of water to stay hydrated
* Avoiding strenuous activities in hot weather
* Using cooling devices, such as fans or air conditioners, to keep the environment at a comfortable temperature
* Taking medications to help regulate body temperature and prevent complications, such as dantrolene or bromocriptine
* In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary to monitor and treat complications, such as heat stroke.
It is important to seek medical attention if you experience symptoms of hypohidrosis, especially during hot weather or after exposure to high temperatures. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications and improve outcomes.
The term "hypesthesia" comes from the Greek words "hypo," meaning "under," and "aesthesis," meaning "sensation." It is sometimes used interchangeably with the term "hyperesthesia," which refers to an abnormal increase in sensitivity to sensory stimuli.
Hypesthesia can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
* Neurological disorders such as peripheral neuropathy or multiple sclerosis
* Injury or trauma to the nervous system
* Infections such as Lyme disease or HIV
* Certain medications, such as antidepressants or antipsychotics
* Substance abuse
Symptoms of hypesthesia can vary depending on the individual and the underlying cause, but may include:
* Increased sensitivity to touch, light, or sound
* Exaggerated response to stimuli, such as jumping or startling easily
* Difficulty filtering out background noise or sensory input
* Feeling overwhelmed by sensory inputs
Treatment for hypesthesia depends on the underlying cause and may include:
* Medications to manage pain or inflammation
* Physical therapy to improve sensory integration
* Sensory integration techniques, such as deep breathing or mindfulness exercises
* Avoiding triggers that exacerbate the condition
It is important to note that hypesthesia can be a symptom of an underlying medical condition, and proper diagnosis and treatment are necessary to address any underlying causes. If you suspect you or someone you know may be experiencing hypesthesia, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and treatment.
There are several different types of spinal cord injuries that can occur, depending on the location and severity of the damage. These include:
1. Complete spinal cord injuries: In these cases, the spinal cord is completely severed, resulting in a loss of all sensation and function below the level of the injury.
2. Incomplete spinal cord injuries: In these cases, the spinal cord is only partially damaged, resulting in some remaining sensation and function below the level of the injury.
3. Brown-Sequard syndrome: This is a specific type of incomplete spinal cord injury that affects one side of the spinal cord, resulting in weakness or paralysis on one side of the body.
4. Conus medullaris syndrome: This is a type of incomplete spinal cord injury that affects the lower part of the spinal cord, resulting in weakness or paralysis in the legs and bladder dysfunction.
The symptoms of spinal cord injuries can vary depending on the location and severity of the injury. They may include:
* Loss of sensation in the arms, legs, or other parts of the body
* Weakness or paralysis in the arms, legs, or other parts of the body
* Difficulty walking or standing
* Difficulty with bowel and bladder function
* Numbness or tingling sensations
* Pain or pressure in the neck or back
Treatment for spinal cord injuries typically involves a combination of medical and rehabilitative therapies. Medical treatments may include:
* Immobilization of the spine to prevent further injury
* Medications to manage pain and inflammation
* Surgery to relieve compression or stabilize the spine
Rehabilitative therapies may include:
* Physical therapy to improve strength and mobility
* Occupational therapy to learn new ways of performing daily activities
* Speech therapy to improve communication skills
* Psychological counseling to cope with the emotional effects of the injury.
Overall, the prognosis for spinal cord injuries depends on the severity and location of the injury, as well as the age and overall health of the individual. While some individuals may experience significant recovery, others may experience long-term or permanent impairment. It is important to seek medical attention immediately if symptoms of a spinal cord injury are present.
HAVS is typically caused by prolonged exposure to vibrations from hand-held power tools, such as jackhammers, drills, and sanders. The vibrations can cause damage to the blood vessels, nerves, and joints in the hands, leading to the development of HAVS.
There are several risk factors for developing HAVS, including:
1. Prolonged exposure to hand-transmitted vibrations
2. Use of high-vibration tools and equipment
3. Poor tool maintenance and repair
4. Inadequate training on the safe use of tools and equipment
5. Smoking and other cardiovascular risk factors
The symptoms of HAVS can vary in severity and may include:
1. Numbness, tingling, or pain in the hands and fingers
2. Reduced dexterity and grip strength
3. Fatigue and weakness in the hands and arms
4. Tremors or spasms in the hands and fingers
5. Pale or discolored skin on the fingers and hands
6. Decreased sensation in the fingertips
7. Swelling, redness, or warmth in the hands and fingers
If left untreated, HAVS can lead to more severe symptoms, including:
1. Permanent nerve damage
2. Loss of dexterity and grip strength
3. Decreased sensation in the fingertips
4. Finger ulcers and amputations
5. Carpal tunnel syndrome
6. Other neurological disorders
There is no cure for HAVS, but it can be managed with a combination of medical treatment and lifestyle changes. Treatment options may include:
1. Medications to relieve symptoms such as pain and inflammation
2. Physical therapy to improve dexterity and grip strength
3. Lifestyle modifications such as avoiding cold temperatures and taking regular breaks to warm up hands
4. Assistive devices such as gloves, splints, or hand braces
5. Surgery in severe cases to relieve compression on nerves or repair damaged tissue.
Prevention is the best course of action for HAVS, and it involves taking steps to reduce exposure to cold temperatures and other risk factors. Some ways to prevent HAVS include:
1. Using proper protective gear such as gloves, hats, and scarves in cold environments
2. Avoiding prolonged exposure to cold temperatures
3. Taking regular breaks to warm up hands and fingers
4. Exercising regularly to improve circulation and reduce risk factors such as smoking and obesity
5. Maintaining a healthy diet and getting enough sleep.
The exact cause of Raynaud disease is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to an autoimmune disorder, in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue. The condition can occur on its own or as a secondary symptom of another underlying medical condition such as scleroderma or rheumatoid arthritis.
Symptoms of Raynaud Disease:
1) Discoloration: Raynaud disease causes the affected areas to turn white or blue in response to cold temperatures or stress.
2) Pain: The constriction of blood vessels can cause pain in the affected areas.
3) Numbness or tingling: The lack of blood flow can cause numbness or tingling sensations in the fingers and toes.
4) Swelling: In severe cases, swelling may occur in the affected areas.
5) Burning sensation: Some people with Raynaud disease may experience a burning sensation in their hands and feet.
Diagnosis of Raynaud Disease:
1) Medical history: A doctor will ask about symptoms, medical history, and any triggers that may cause the condition.
2) Physical examination: The doctor will perform a physical examination to look for signs of discoloration or swelling in the affected areas.
3) Tests: Additional tests such as nailfold capillary microscopy, pulse volume recording and thermography may be ordered to confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment options for Raynaud Disease:
1) Medications: Drugs such as calcium channel blockers, alpha-blockers, and anticoagulants can help to relax blood vessels and improve blood flow.
2) Lifestyle changes: Avoiding triggers such as cold temperatures and taking steps to keep hands and feet warm can help manage the condition.
3) Alternative therapies: Some people with Raynaud disease may find relief with alternative therapies such as acupuncture or biofeedback.
It is important to note that in some cases, Raynaud disease can be a symptom of an underlying autoimmune disorder, such as lupus or scleroderma. If you suspect you have Raynaud disease, it is essential to seek medical attention to rule out any other conditions.
A laboratory infection is an infection that occurs in a healthcare worker or laboratory personnel while working in a laboratory setting, typically with infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, or fungi. These infections can be acquired through exposure to infected samples, equipment, or surfaces in the laboratory.
The risk of laboratory infection is higher in settings where high-risk agents are handled, such as in the study of highly infectious diseases like Ebola or SARS. The transmission of infectious agents in laboratories can occur through various routes, including:
1. Direct contact with infected samples or materials.
2. Contact with contaminated surfaces or equipment.
3. Inhalation of aerosols generated during procedures such as centrifugation or pipetting.
4. Exposure to infected personnel or animals in the laboratory.
To prevent laboratory infections, healthcare workers and laboratory personnel must follow strict safety protocols, including wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) such as gloves, gowns, and masks, and adhering to proper sterilization and decontamination techniques. Laboratories should also have ventilation systems that filter out infectious agents and should be designed with containment levels to minimize the risk of exposure.
Laboratory infections can have serious consequences for both the individuals involved and the broader community, including the potential for transmitting infectious diseases to others outside of the laboratory setting. Therefore, it is essential to have strict safety protocols and proper training for laboratory personnel to minimize the risk of laboratory-acquired infections.
1. Asbestosis: a lung disease caused by inhaling asbestos fibers.
2. Carpal tunnel syndrome: a nerve disorder caused by repetitive motion and pressure on the wrist.
3. Mesothelioma: a type of cancer caused by exposure to asbestos.
4. Pneumoconiosis: a lung disease caused by inhaling dust from mining or other heavy industries.
5. Repetitive strain injuries: injuries caused by repetitive motions, such as typing or using vibrating tools.
6. Skin conditions: such as skin irritation and dermatitis caused by exposure to chemicals or other substances in the workplace.
7. Hearing loss: caused by loud noises in the workplace.
8. Back injuries: caused by lifting, bending, or twisting.
9. Respiratory problems: such as asthma and other breathing difficulties caused by exposure to chemicals or dust in the workplace.
10. Cancer: caused by exposure to carcinogens such as radiation, certain chemicals, or heavy metals in the workplace.
Occupational diseases can be difficult to diagnose and treat, as they often develop gradually over time and may not be immediately attributed to the work environment. In some cases, these diseases may not appear until years after exposure has ended. It is important for workers to be aware of the potential health risks associated with their job and take steps to protect themselves, such as wearing protective gear, following safety protocols, and seeking regular medical check-ups. Employers also have a responsibility to provide a safe work environment and follow strict regulations to prevent the spread of occupational diseases.
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WACK (music company)
Posttraumatic Syringomyelia: Practice Essentials, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology
Syringomyelia | MedlinePlus
How Barbara Found REAL Syringomyelia Relief - LoseTheBackPain.com
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Canine Chiari Institute
- Syringomyelia usually results from a skull abnormality called a Chiari I malformation . (medlineplus.gov)
- Chiari and Syringomyelia Australia is not a medical site. (chiariaustralia.org)
- Syringomyelia is a cystic cavity in the central canal of the spinal cord that often develops in association with Chiari malformations or after trauma to the spine. (picmonic.com)
- Syringomyelias are often seen concomittantly with Chiari malformations. (picmonic.com)
- Chiari Malformation and Syringomyelia in Dogs. (raisingyourpetsnaturally.com)
- Juvenile scoliosis as the first manifestation of syringomyelia associated with Chiari malformation type I. (bvsalud.org)
- According to some published series, 4 to 26% of scoliosis initially classified as idiopathic show neurological alterations when studied with nuclear magnetic resonance , such as syringomyelia and Chiari malformation, among the most frequent. (bvsalud.org)
- We herewith report a rare case of syringomyelia and associated Chiari I malformation presenting with dissociated sensory impairment in neck region with headache and neck pain Treatment in these cases is surgical decompression. (who.int)
- The specific association between morphometric characteristics of the syrinx and the prognosis of Chiari malformation type I (CM-I) with syringomyelia following surgical procedure seems to have not been fully elaborated. (e-neurospine.org)
- With the board-certified veterinary specialists from Long Island Veterinary Specialists (LIVS), we conduct clinical studies, research, and pilot breakthrough treatments for pets affected with Chiari-like Malformation and Syringomyelia. (livs.org)
- Surgery frequently is performed to prevent further syringomyelia expansion and collapse syrinx cavities. (medscape.com)
- While there are two significant types of syringomyelia, both are characterized by the formation of an expanding cyst, called a syrinx, inside the spinal cord itself. (losethebackpain.com)
- Syringomyelia is characterized by a fluid-filled cyst/cyst cavity (called a syrinx) that forms in the central canal of the spinal cord. (picmonic.com)
- This study focused on the preoperative clinical and radiologic parameters in CM-I patients with syringomyelia to find out the relationship between the patients' clinical status and the phenotypes of the syrinx with surgical outcome. (e-neurospine.org)
- After months of testing, Jenelle was diagnosed with syringomyelia, which is the development of a cyst in the spinal cord called a syrinx. (monstersandcritics.com)
- Syringomyelia, also called SM or syrinx, has been documented as a secondary occurrence to CLM. (livs.org)
- Of those patients with persistent symptoms, 6 patients demonstrated the presence of syringomyelia or syrinx preoperatively. (cns.org)
- The relationships of tonsillar position to clinical presentation, syringomyelia, scoliosis, and the use of posterior fossa decompression (PFD) surgery have been studied extensively and yielded inconsistent results. (thejns.org)
- Kids with related problems (such as syringomyelia, hydrocephalus, sleep apnea, or scoliosis) may need medical treatment for those conditions. (teenshealth.org)
- Symptoms of communicating syringomyelia often appear in early to mid-adulthood and may be accompanied by hydrocephalus (an accumulation of CSF in the brain) or arachnoiditis (inflammation of the spinal cord membrane). (losethebackpain.com)
- Which just so happens to coincide with the typical onset of symptoms of those with communicating syringomyelia (not to mention the lengthening of recovery time from injuries in general). (losethebackpain.com)
- First described by Bastian in 1867, posttraumatic syringomyelia (PTS) refers to the development and progression of a cyst filled with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the spinal cord. (medscape.com)
- Syringomyelia is a rare disorder that causes a cyst to form in your spinal cord . (medlineplus.gov)
- The second major form, noncommunicating syringomyelia, follows some form of trauma to the spinal cord that affects the movement of CSF through the area, prompting cyst growth. (losethebackpain.com)
- In the case of noncommunicating syringomyelia, fibrosis likely plays a role in cyst formation due to the body's natural response to any injury - flooding the area with white blood cells, instigating inflammation and laying down layers of protein-based fibrin to repair the injured area. (losethebackpain.com)
- Post-traumatic syringomyelia commonly occurs within 5 years of the initial spinal cord injury (SCI). (picmonic.com)
- When the cause of syringomyelia is a tumor, removal by surgery is usually the preferred option. (losethebackpain.com)
- Syringomyelia (SM) is a Neurological condition that affects many parts of the body. (losethebackpain.com)
- Many hypotheses have been brought forward to explain the pathophysiological basis for the development of the syringomyelia associated with CM-I, which usually points to a gradual neurological deterioration caused by subarachnoid space (SAS) obstruction that extends over many years [ 4 , 6 - 8 ]. (e-neurospine.org)
- The focus of physical therapy in patients with syringomyelia should be preservation of range of motion and maintenance of function, including transfers, wheelchair mobility, and gait if applicable. (medscape.com)
- A continuous series of pediatric and adult patients with CM-I and syringomyelia from a prospectively maintained database in a single center were included, and we explored the related factors affecting the prognosis following decompression surgery through retrospective analysis of clinical presentations, imaging characteristics, and the morphological features of syringomyelia, to provide a clinical reference for the treatment of syringomyelia. (e-neurospine.org)
- Timely decompression surgery could achieve a better outcome in CM-I patients with syringomyelia. (e-neurospine.org)
- Syringomyelia is one of those rare back pain conditions many have never heard of. (losethebackpain.com)
- Syringomyelia is one of the few conditions doctors actually agree with us that drugs are of little or no value, other than the pills they prescribe to deal with the pain. (losethebackpain.com)
- Syringomyelia is marked clinically by pain and PARESTHESIA, muscular atrophy of the hands, and analgesia with thermoanesthesia of the hands and arms, but with the tactile sense preserved (sensory dissociation). (bvsalud.org)
- Standard treatment for syringomyelia typically involves some type of surgery. (losethebackpain.com)
- Together, obex position, tonsil position, and syringomyelia (area under the curve [AUC] 89%) or obex position and tonsil position (AUC 85.4%) were more strongly associated with use of PFD than tonsil position alone (AUC 76%) (P diff = 3.4 × 10 −6 and 6 × 10 −4 , respectively) but were only slightly more associated than obex position alone (AUC 82%) (P diff = 0.01 and 0.18, respectively). (thejns.org)
- While syringomyelia remains largely a mystery to the medical community, we do know fibrosis (internal scar tissue) is associated with the formation of many types of cysts. (losethebackpain.com)
- It presents definition for terms related to Syringomyelia and medical issues (from Abduction to Weakness). (bvsalud.org)
- She titled the post, syringomyelia health update, and the video captured her neurosurgeon appointment. (monstersandcritics.com)
- The first major form of syringomyelia is called communicating syringomyelia. (losethebackpain.com)
Forms of syringomyelia1
- There are two main forms of syringomyelia, congenital and acquired. (nih.gov)
- Posterior fossa decompression and duraplasty with and without tonsillar resection for the treatment of adult Chiari malformation type I and syringomyelia. (nih.gov)
- Syringomyelia usually results from a skull abnormality called a Chiari I malformation . (medlineplus.gov)
- Pathophysiology of syringomyelia associated with Chiari I malformation of the cerebellar tonsils. (medscape.com)
- Nacir B, Arslan Cebeci S, Cetinkaya E, Karagoz A, Erdem HR. Neuropathic arthropathy progressing with multiple joint involvement in the upper extremity due to syringomyelia and type I Arnold-Chiari malformation. (medscape.com)
- Ono A, Suetsuna F, Ueyama K, Yokoyama T, Aburakawa S, Numasawa T. Surgical outcomes in adult patients with syringomyelia associated with Chiari malformation type I: the relationship between scoliosis and neurological findings. (medscape.com)
- Prat R, Galeano I. Pain improvement in patients with syringomyelia and Chiari I malformation treated with suboccipital decompression and tonsillar coagulation. (medscape.com)
- Syringomyelia may have several possible causes, but most cases are associated with Chiari malformation-an abnormal condition in which brain tissue extends through the hole at the bottom of the skull (foramen magnum) and into the spinal canal, obstructing the flow of CSF. (nih.gov)
- Congenital syringomyelia (also known as communicating syringomyelia) is most often caused by a Chiari malformation and resulting syrinx, usually in the spine's cervical (neck) region. (nih.gov)
- Syringomyelia is often related to a congenital abnormality of the brain called a Chiari I malformation, but may also occur as a complication of trauma, inflammation of the tissue that surrounds the brain and spinal cord (meningitis) such as the inflammation of the arachnoides (arachnoiditis), hemorrhage, or a tumor. (nih.gov)
- Individuals at least 18 years of age who have syringomyelia or related conditions (including pre-syringomyelia or Chiari I malformation without syringomyelia). (nih.gov)
- b) Have syringomyelia, presyringomyelia, or Chiari I malformation without syringomyelia. (nih.gov)
- Students will see patients affected by Cushing's disease, von Hippel-Lindau disease, neurofibromatosis (type 2), syringomyelia, Chiari I malformation, central nervous system neoplasms, medically intractable epilepsy, Parkinson's disease and other diseases. (nih.gov)
- Relative or absolute macrocephaly is typical, and postnatal cerebellar overgrowth can result in the development of a Chiari I malformation with associated anomalies including hydrocephalus or syringomyelia. (nih.gov)
- Chang HS, Nakagawa H. Hypothesis on the pathophysiology of syringomyelia based on simulation of cerebrospinal fluid dynamics. (medscape.com)
- Active Conservative Management of Primary Spinal Syringomyelia: A Scoping Review and Perspectives for an Activity-based Clinical Approach. (nih.gov)
- Syringomyelia is a rare disorder that causes a cyst to form in your spinal cord . (medlineplus.gov)
- Spinal syringomyelia following subarachnoid hemorrhage. (medscape.com)
- Posttraumatic spinal cord tethering and syringomyelia: surgical treatment and long-term outcome. (medscape.com)
- Carroll AM, Brackenridge P. Post-traumatic syringomyelia: a review of the cases presenting in a regional spinal injuries unit in the north east of England over a 5-year period. (medscape.com)
- RESEARCH OBJECTIVES Summary Syringomyelia may be defined as a chronic progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord. (nih.gov)
- In syringomyelia, the watery liquid known as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-which surrounds and protects the brain and spinal cord-builds up within the tissue of the spinal cord, expands the central canal, and then forms a syrinx. (nih.gov)
- Syringomyelia may also be caused by spinal cord injuries, spinal cord tumors, and damage caused by inflammation in around the spinal cord. (nih.gov)
- Syringomyelia is a disorder in which a cyst (syrinx) forms within the spinal cord and causes spinal cord injury, with symptoms worsening over many years, including paralysis, loss of sensation, and chronic pain. (nih.gov)
- The goal of surgical treatment of syringomyelia is to eliminate the syrinx and prevent further spinal cord injury. (nih.gov)
- People with congenital syringomyelia may also have hydrocephalus, a buildup of excess CSF in the brain along with larger than normal connected cavities called ventricles. (nih.gov)
- Researchers are interested in obtaining more knowledge about how a syrinx forms in order to develop safer and more effective treatments for syringomyelia and related conditions. (nih.gov)
- Some individuals will be treated who would never have developed syringomyelia. (nih.gov)
- In addition, some individuals with syringomyelia or related conditions are not considered to be good candidates for surgery, and more information is needed about potential alternative treatments for these individuals. (nih.gov)
- To conduct a 5-year natural history study of individuals with syringomyelia and related conditions. (nih.gov)
- Sometimes, syringomyelia may be found during diagnostic imaging for another disorder. (nih.gov)
- 14. [Evoked motor and sensory potentials in syringomyelia]. (nih.gov)
- Clinical course of incidental syringomyelia without predisposing pathologies. (medscape.com)
- Although this abnormality is thought to be present at birth, the onset of syringomyelia does not occur until adulthood. (nih.gov)
- The treatment of syringomyelia is a subject of much debate among neurosurgeons. (nih.gov)
- The diagnosis of syringomyelia has been greatly facilitated by the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (nih.gov)
- Hydrodynamic mechanism of syringomyelia: its relationship to myelocele. (medscape.com)
- This PA, Syringomyelia, is related to the priority areas of chronic disabling conditions. (nih.gov)
- Note: Prior surgery for syringomyelia does not result in exclusion from the study if there is radiographic evidence of recurrent or persistent syringomyelia after surgery for this condition (failed previous surgery). (nih.gov)