A general term referring to a mild to moderate degree of muscular weakness, occasionally used as a synonym for PARALYSIS (severe or complete loss of motor function). In the older literature, paresis often referred specifically to paretic neurosyphilis (see NEUROSYPHILIS). "General paresis" and "general paralysis" may still carry that connotation. Bilateral lower extremity paresis is referred to as PARAPARESIS.
Severe or complete loss of facial muscle motor function. This condition may result from central or peripheral lesions. Damage to CNS motor pathways from the cerebral cortex to the facial nuclei in the pons leads to facial weakness that generally spares the forehead muscles. FACIAL NERVE DISEASES generally results in generalized hemifacial weakness. NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION DISEASES and MUSCULAR DISEASES may also cause facial paralysis or paresis.
Diseases of the sixth cranial (abducens) nerve or its nucleus in the pons. The nerve may be injured along its course in the pons, intracranially as it travels along the base of the brain, in the cavernous sinus, or at the level of superior orbital fissure or orbit. Dysfunction of the nerve causes lateral rectus muscle weakness, resulting in horizontal diplopia that is maximal when the affected eye is abducted and ESOTROPIA. Common conditions associated with nerve injury include INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ISCHEMIA; and INFRATENTORIAL NEOPLASMS.
Diseases of the oculomotor nerve or nucleus that result in weakness or paralysis of the superior rectus, inferior rectus, medial rectus, inferior oblique, or levator palpebrae muscles, or impaired parasympathetic innervation to the pupil. With a complete oculomotor palsy, the eyelid will be paralyzed, the eye will be in an abducted and inferior position, and the pupil will be markedly dilated. Commonly associated conditions include neoplasms, CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, ischemia (especially in association with DIABETES MELLITUS), and aneurysmal compression. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p270)
A disease of pregnant and lactating cows and ewes leading to generalized paresis and death. The disease, which is characterized by hypocalcemia, occurs at or shortly after parturition in cows and within weeks before or after parturition in ewes.
A general term most often used to describe severe or complete loss of muscle strength due to motor system disease from the level of the cerebral cortex to the muscle fiber. This term may also occasionally refer to a loss of sensory function. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p45)
Mild or moderate loss of motor function accompanied by spasticity in the lower extremities. This condition is a manifestation of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES that cause injury to the motor cortex or descending motor pathways.
Paralysis of one or more of the ocular muscles due to disorders of the eye muscles, neuromuscular junction, supporting soft tissue, tendons, or innervation to the muscles.
Infarctions that occur in the BRAIN STEM which is comprised of the MIDBRAIN; PONS; and MEDULLA OBLONGATA. There are several named syndromes characterized by their distinctive clinical manifestations and specific sites of ischemic injury.
A syndrome associated with defective sympathetic innervation to one side of the face, including the eye. Clinical features include MIOSIS; mild BLEPHAROPTOSIS; and hemifacial ANHIDROSIS (decreased sweating)(see HYPOHIDROSIS). Lesions of the BRAIN STEM; cervical SPINAL CORD; first thoracic nerve root; apex of the LUNG; CAROTID ARTERY; CAVERNOUS SINUS; and apex of the ORBIT may cause this condition. (From Miller et al., Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology, 4th ed, pp500-11)
A visual symptom in which a single object is perceived by the visual cortex as two objects rather than one. Disorders associated with this condition include REFRACTIVE ERRORS; STRABISMUS; OCULOMOTOR NERVE DISEASES; TROCHLEAR NERVE DISEASES; ABDUCENS NERVE DISEASES; and diseases of the BRAIN STEM and OCCIPITAL LOBE.
The 6th cranial nerve which originates in the ABDUCENS NUCLEUS of the PONS and sends motor fibers to the lateral rectus muscles of the EYE. Damage to the nerve or its nucleus disrupts horizontal eye movement control.
Congenital or acquired paralysis of one or both VOCAL CORDS. This condition is caused by defects in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, the VAGUS NERVE and branches of LARYNGEAL NERVES. Common symptoms are VOICE DISORDERS including HOARSENESS or APHONIA.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the nervous system, central and peripheral, or demonstration of neurologic function or dysfunction.
The 3d cranial nerve. The oculomotor nerve sends motor fibers to the levator muscles of the eyelid and to the superior rectus, inferior rectus, and inferior oblique muscles of the eye. It also sends parasympathetic efferents (via the ciliary ganglion) to the muscles controlling pupillary constriction and accommodation. The motor fibers originate in the oculomotor nuclei of the midbrain.
Disorders of speech articulation caused by imperfect coordination of pharynx, larynx, tongue, or face muscles. This may result from CRANIAL NERVE DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; CEREBELLAR DISEASES; BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES; BRAIN STEM diseases; or diseases of the corticobulbar tracts (see PYRAMIDAL TRACTS). The cortical language centers are intact in this condition. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p489)
Severe or complete loss of motor function on one side of the body. This condition is usually caused by BRAIN DISEASES that are localized to the cerebral hemisphere opposite to the side of weakness. Less frequently, BRAIN STEM lesions; cervical SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; and other conditions may manifest as hemiplegia. The term hemiparesis (see PARESIS) refers to mild to moderate weakness involving one side of the body.
Infections of the central nervous system caused by TREPONEMA PALLIDUM which present with a variety of clinical syndromes. The initial phase of infection usually causes a mild or asymptomatic meningeal reaction. The meningovascular form may present acutely as BRAIN INFARCTION. The infection may also remain subclinical for several years. Late syndromes include general paresis; TABES DORSALIS; meningeal syphilis; syphilitic OPTIC ATROPHY; and spinal syphilis. General paresis is characterized by progressive DEMENTIA; DYSARTHRIA; TREMOR; MYOCLONUS; SEIZURES; and Argyll-Robertson pupils. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp722-8)
Disorders that feature impairment of eye movements as a primary manifestation of disease. These conditions may be divided into infranuclear, nuclear, and supranuclear disorders. Diseases of the eye muscles or oculomotor cranial nerves (III, IV, and VI) are considered infranuclear. Nuclear disorders are caused by disease of the oculomotor, trochlear, or abducens nuclei in the BRAIN STEM. Supranuclear disorders are produced by dysfunction of higher order sensory and motor systems that control eye movements, including neural networks in the CEREBRAL CORTEX; BASAL GANGLIA; CEREBELLUM; and BRAIN STEM. Ocular torticollis refers to a head tilt that is caused by an ocular misalignment. Opsoclonus refers to rapid, conjugate oscillations of the eyes in multiple directions, which may occur as a parainfectious or paraneoplastic condition (e.g., OPSOCLONUS-MYOCLONUS SYNDROME). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p240)
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Idiopathic inflammation of the VESTIBULAR NERVE, characterized clinically by the acute or subacute onset of VERTIGO; NAUSEA; and imbalance. The COCHLEAR NERVE is typically spared and HEARING LOSS and TINNITUS do not usually occur. Symptoms usually resolve over a period of days to weeks. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p304)
The front part of the hindbrain (RHOMBENCEPHALON) that lies between the MEDULLA and the midbrain (MESENCEPHALON) ventral to the cerebellum. It is composed of two parts, the dorsal and the ventral. The pons serves as a relay station for neural pathways between the CEREBELLUM to the CEREBRUM.
Disorders of one or more of the twelve cranial nerves. With the exception of the optic and olfactory nerves, this includes disorders of the brain stem nuclei from which the cranial nerves originate or terminate.
Evaluation of manifestations of disease.
Traumatic injury to the abducens, or sixth, cranial nerve. Injury to this nerve results in lateral rectus muscle weakness or paralysis. The nerve may be damaged by closed or penetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA or by facial trauma involving the orbit.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Diseases of multiple peripheral nerves simultaneously. Polyneuropathies usually are characterized by symmetrical, bilateral distal motor and sensory impairment with a graded increase in severity distally. The pathological processes affecting peripheral nerves include degeneration of the axon, myelin or both. The various forms of polyneuropathy are categorized by the type of nerve affected (e.g., sensory, motor, or autonomic), by the distribution of nerve injury (e.g., distal vs. proximal), by nerve component primarily affected (e.g., demyelinating vs. axonal), by etiology, or by pattern of inheritance.
Elicitation of a rotatory nystagmus by stimulating the semicircular canals with water or air which is above or below body temperature. In warm caloric stimulation a rotatory nystagmus is developed toward the side of the stimulated ear; in cold, away from the stimulated side. Absence of nystagmus indicates the labyrinth is not functioning.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
INFARCTION of the dorsolateral aspect of MEDULLA OBLONGATA in the BRAIN STEM. It is caused by occlusion of the VERTEBRAL ARTERY and/or the posterior inferior cerebellar artery. Clinical manifestations vary with the size of infarction, but may include loss of pain and temperature sensation in the ipsilateral face and contralateral body below the chin; ipsilateral HORNER SYNDROME; ipsilateral ATAXIA; DYSARTHRIA; VERTIGO; nausea, hiccup; dysphagia; and VOCAL CORD PARALYSIS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p801)
Benign and malignant neoplasms that arise from one or more of the twelve cranial nerves.
A form of muscle hypertonia associated with upper MOTOR NEURON DISEASE. Resistance to passive stretch of a spastic muscle results in minimal initial resistance (a "free interval") followed by an incremental increase in muscle tone. Tone increases in proportion to the velocity of stretch. Spasticity is usually accompanied by HYPERREFLEXIA and variable degrees of MUSCLE WEAKNESS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p54)
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Assessment of sensory and motor responses and reflexes that is used to determine impairment of the nervous system.
The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.
A vague complaint of debility, fatigue, or exhaustion attributable to weakness of various muscles. The weakness can be characterized as subacute or chronic, often progressive, and is a manifestation of many muscle and neuromuscular diseases. (From Wyngaarden et al., Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p2251)
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Benign and malignant intra-axial tumors of the MESENCEPHALON; PONS; or MEDULLA OBLONGATA of the BRAIN STEM. Primary and metastatic neoplasms may occur in this location. Clinical features include ATAXIA, cranial neuropathies (see CRANIAL NERVE DISEASES), NAUSEA, hemiparesis (see HEMIPLEGIA), and quadriparesis. Primary brain stem neoplasms are more frequent in children. Histologic subtypes include GLIOMA; HEMANGIOBLASTOMA; GANGLIOGLIOMA; and EPENDYMOMA.
Ocular disorders attendant upon non-ocular disease or injury.
A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
An interdisciplinary science concerned with studies of the biological bases of behavior - biochemical, genetic, physiological, and neurological - and applying these to the understanding and treatment of mental illness.
Diseases of the facial nerve or nuclei. Pontine disorders may affect the facial nuclei or nerve fascicle. The nerve may be involved intracranially, along its course through the petrous portion of the temporal bone, or along its extracranial course. Clinical manifestations include facial muscle weakness, loss of taste from the anterior tongue, hyperacusis, and decreased lacrimation.
Mechanical compression of nerves or nerve roots from internal or external causes. These may result in a conduction block to nerve impulses (due to MYELIN SHEATH dysfunction) or axonal loss. The nerve and nerve sheath injuries may be caused by ISCHEMIA; INFLAMMATION; or a direct mechanical effect.
A dull or sharp painful sensation associated with the outer or inner structures of the eyeball, having different causes.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Accumulation of blood in the SUBDURAL SPACE with delayed onset of neurological symptoms. Symptoms may include loss of consciousness, severe HEADACHE, and deteriorating mental status.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
Observable manifestations of impaired psychological functioning.
Unequal pupil size, which may represent a benign physiologic variant or a manifestation of disease. Pathologic anisocoria reflects an abnormality in the musculature of the iris (IRIS DISEASES) or in the parasympathetic or sympathetic pathways that innervate the pupil. Physiologic anisocoria refers to an asymmetry of pupil diameter, usually less than 2mm, that is not associated with disease.
An irregularly shaped venous space in the dura mater at either side of the sphenoid bone.
The symptom of PAIN in the cranial region. It may be an isolated benign occurrence or manifestation of a wide variety of HEADACHE DISORDERS.
Recording of the average amplitude of the resting potential arising between the cornea and the retina in light and dark adaptation as the eyes turn a standard distance to the right and the left. The increase in potential with light adaptation is used to evaluate the condition of the retinal pigment epithelium.
The region of the upper limb in animals, extending from the deltoid region to the HAND, and including the ARM; AXILLA; and SHOULDER.
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
Junction between the cerebellum and the pons.
The formation of an area of NECROSIS in the CEREBRUM caused by an insufficiency of arterial or venous blood flow. Infarcts of the cerebrum are generally classified by hemisphere (i.e., left vs. right), lobe (e.g., frontal lobe infarction), arterial distribution (e.g., INFARCTION, ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), and etiology (e.g., embolic infarction).
Incoordination of voluntary movements that occur as a manifestation of CEREBELLAR DISEASES. Characteristic features include a tendency for limb movements to overshoot or undershoot a target (dysmetria), a tremor that occurs during attempted movements (intention TREMOR), impaired force and rhythm of diadochokinesis (rapidly alternating movements), and GAIT ATAXIA. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p90)
Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.
Traumatic injuries to the cranium where the integrity of the skull is not compromised and no bone fragments or other objects penetrate the skull and dura mater. This frequently results in mechanical injury being transmitted to intracranial structures which may produce traumatic brain injuries, hemorrhage, or cranial nerve injury. (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p417)
A departure from the normal gait in animals.
Neoplasms of the bony part of the skull.
Any operation on the cranium or incision into the cranium. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Impairment of the ability to perform smoothly coordinated voluntary movements. This condition may affect the limbs, trunk, eyes, pharynx, larynx, and other structures. Ataxia may result from impaired sensory or motor function. Sensory ataxia may result from posterior column injury or PERIPHERAL NERVE DISEASES. Motor ataxia may be associated with CEREBELLAR DISEASES; CEREBRAL CORTEX diseases; THALAMIC DISEASES; BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES; injury to the RED NUCLEUS; and other conditions.
Benign and malignant neoplasms which occur within the substance of the spinal cord (intramedullary neoplasms) or in the space between the dura and spinal cord (intradural extramedullary neoplasms). The majority of intramedullary spinal tumors are primary CNS neoplasms including ASTROCYTOMA; EPENDYMOMA; and LIPOMA. Intramedullary neoplasms are often associated with SYRINGOMYELIA. The most frequent histologic types of intradural-extramedullary tumors are MENINGIOMA and NEUROFIBROMA.
Pupillary constriction. This may result from congenital absence of the dilatator pupillary muscle, defective sympathetic innervation, or irritation of the CONJUNCTIVA or CORNEA.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Inflammation of the spinal cord. Relatively common etiologies include infections; AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES; SPINAL CORD; and ischemia (see also SPINAL CORD VASCULAR DISEASES). Clinical features generally include weakness, sensory loss, localized pain, incontinence, and other signs of autonomic dysfunction.
Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.
Abnormal outpouching in the wall of intracranial blood vessels. Most common are the saccular (berry) aneurysms located at branch points in CIRCLE OF WILLIS at the base of the brain. Vessel rupture results in SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Giant aneurysms (>2.5 cm in diameter) may compress adjacent structures, including the OCULOMOTOR NERVE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p841)
Diagnosis of disease states by recording the spontaneous electrical activity of tissues or organs or by the response to stimulation of electrically excitable tissue.
Radiography of the vascular system of the brain after injection of a contrast medium.
A characteristic symptom complex.
Inherited myotonic disorders with early childhood onset MYOTONIA. Muscular hypertrophy is common and myotonia may impair ambulation and other movements. It is classified as Thomsen (autosomal dominant) or Becker (autosomal recessive) generalized myotonia mainly based on the inheritance pattern. Becker type is also clinically more severe. An autosomal dominant variant with milder symptoms and later onset is known as myotonia levior. Mutations in the voltage-dependent skeletal muscle chloride channel are associated with the disorders.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The muscles that move the eye. Included in this group are the medial rectus, lateral rectus, superior rectus, inferior rectus, inferior oblique, superior oblique, musculus orbitalis, and levator palpebrae superioris.
A general term indicating inflammation of the BRAIN and SPINAL CORD, often used to indicate an infectious process, but also applicable to a variety of autoimmune and toxic-metabolic conditions. There is significant overlap regarding the usage of this term and ENCEPHALITIS in the literature.
Mood or emotional responses dissonant with or inappropriate to the behavior and/or stimulus.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Disorders involving either the ADENOHYPOPHYSIS or the NEUROHYPOPHYSIS. These diseases usually manifest as hypersecretion or hyposecretion of PITUITARY HORMONES. Neoplastic pituitary masses can also cause compression of the OPTIC CHIASM and other adjacent structures.
Brief closing of the eyelids by involuntary normal periodic closing, as a protective measure, or by voluntary action.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
A neurosurgical procedure that removes the anterior TEMPORAL LOBE including the medial temporal structures of CEREBRAL CORTEX; AMYGDALA; HIPPOCAMPUS; and the adjacent PARAHIPPOCAMPAL GYRUS. This procedure is generally used for the treatment of intractable temporal epilepsy (EPILEPSY, TEMPORAL LOBE).
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
Intradermal or subcutaneous saclike structure, the wall of which is stratified epithelium containing keratohyalin granules.
A neoplasm that arises from SCHWANN CELLS of the cranial, peripheral, and autonomic nerves. Clinically, these tumors may present as a cranial neuropathy, abdominal or soft tissue mass, intracranial lesion, or with spinal cord compression. Histologically, these tumors are encapsulated, highly vascular, and composed of a homogenous pattern of biphasic fusiform-shaped cells that may have a palisaded appearance. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp964-5)
Diseases characterized by a selective degeneration of the motor neurons of the spinal cord, brainstem, or motor cortex. Clinical subtypes are distinguished by the major site of degeneration. In AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS there is involvement of upper, lower, and brainstem motor neurons. In progressive muscular atrophy and related syndromes (see MUSCULAR ATROPHY, SPINAL) the motor neurons in the spinal cord are primarily affected. With progressive bulbar palsy (BULBAR PALSY, PROGRESSIVE), the initial degeneration occurs in the brainstem. In primary lateral sclerosis, the cortical neurons are affected in isolation. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1089)
Pathologic conditions which feature SPINAL CORD damage or dysfunction, including disorders involving the meninges and perimeningeal spaces surrounding the spinal cord. Traumatic injuries, vascular diseases, infections, and inflammatory/autoimmune processes may affect the spinal cord.
An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Acute and chronic conditions characterized by external mechanical compression of the SPINAL CORD due to extramedullary neoplasm; EPIDURAL ABSCESS; SPINAL FRACTURES; bony deformities of the vertebral bodies; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations vary with the anatomic site of the lesion and may include localized pain, weakness, sensory loss, incontinence, and impotence.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
The part of the brain that connects the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES with the SPINAL CORD. It consists of the MESENCEPHALON; PONS; and MEDULLA OBLONGATA.
A relatively common neoplasm of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that arises from arachnoidal cells. The majority are well differentiated vascular tumors which grow slowly and have a low potential to be invasive, although malignant subtypes occur. Meningiomas have a predilection to arise from the parasagittal region, cerebral convexity, sphenoidal ridge, olfactory groove, and SPINAL CANAL. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp2056-7)
A hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy transmitted most often as an autosomal dominant trait and characterized by progressive distal wasting and loss of reflexes in the muscles of the legs (and occasionally involving the arms). Onset is usually in the second to fourth decade of life. This condition has been divided into two subtypes, hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN) types I and II. HMSN I is associated with abnormal nerve conduction velocities and nerve hypertrophy, features not seen in HMSN II. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1343)
The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.
Surgery performed on the nervous system or its parts.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Pathologic conditions affecting the BRAIN, which is composed of the intracranial components of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This includes (but is not limited to) the CEREBRAL CORTEX; intracranial white matter; BASAL GANGLIA; THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM.
Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
Dominance of one cerebral hemisphere over the other in cerebral functions.
Branch of the common carotid artery which supplies the anterior part of the brain, the eye and its appendages, the forehead and nose.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
A surgical operation for the relief of pressure in a body compartment or on a body part. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.
A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.
The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
A sudden, audible expulsion of air from the lungs through a partially closed glottis, preceded by inhalation. It is a protective response that serves to clear the trachea, bronchi, and/or lungs of irritants and secretions, or to prevent aspiration of foreign materials into the lungs.
Symptoms of disorders of the lower urinary tract including frequency, NOCTURIA; urgency, incomplete voiding, and URINARY INCONTINENCE. They are often associated with OVERACTIVE BLADDER; URINARY INCOMPETENCE; and INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS. Lower urinary tract symptoms in males were traditionally called PROSTATISM.
The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
The tearing or bursting of the weakened wall of the aneurysmal sac, usually heralded by sudden worsening pain. The great danger of a ruptured aneurysm is the large amount of blood spilling into the surrounding tissues and cavities, causing HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.
Retrograde flow of gastric juice (GASTRIC ACID) and/or duodenal contents (BILE ACIDS; PANCREATIC JUICE) into the distal ESOPHAGUS, commonly due to incompetence of the LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.
Performance of complex motor acts.
Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
The propagation of the NERVE IMPULSE along the nerve away from the site of an excitation stimulus.
Area of the FRONTAL LOBE concerned with primary motor control located in the dorsal PRECENTRAL GYRUS immediately anterior to the central sulcus. It is comprised of three areas: the primary motor cortex located on the anterior paracentral lobule on the medial surface of the brain; the premotor cortex located anterior to the primary motor cortex; and the supplementary motor area located on the midline surface of the hemisphere anterior to the primary motor cortex.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Abnormalities in the process of URINE voiding, including bladder control, frequency of URINATION, as well as the volume and composition of URINE.
The amount of force generated by MUSCLE CONTRACTION. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a MUSCLE STRENGTH DYNAMOMETER.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Diseases characterized by loss or dysfunction of myelin in the central or peripheral nervous system.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A group of disorders characterized by physical symptoms that are affected by emotional factors and involve a single organ system, usually under AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM control. (American Psychiatric Glossary, 1988)
Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Check list, usually to be filled out by a person about himself, consisting of many statements about personal characteristics which the subject checks.
The middle of the three primitive cerebral vesicles of the embryonic brain. Without further subdivision, midbrain develops into a short, constricted portion connecting the PONS and the DIENCEPHALON. Midbrain contains two major parts, the dorsal TECTUM MESENCEPHALI and the ventral TEGMENTUM MESENCEPHALI, housing components of auditory, visual, and other sensorimoter systems.
Clinical or physiological indicators that precede the onset of disease.
Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
When not associated with a raccoon bite, the same symptoms occur, with the paresis taking about 3-4 days to reach its maximum ... In cats, the symptoms include paresis, hyporeflexia, and muscle tremors. Chrisman, Cheryl; Clemmons, Roger; Mariani, ... Symptoms start at the age of 8 to 10 weeks, and include frequent falling and walking on the hock. The prognosis is poor. The ... Symptoms include decreased or absent reflexes and muscle tone, weakness, or paralysis. It often occurs in the rear legs and is ...
There is no literature on MIDV tropism, but based on the symptoms it can be deduced that the virus mostly affects host ... Some signs of the neurologic disease are: ataxia, paresis, seizures, and paralysis. In these cases where MIDV infection lead to ... Typical symptoms of MIDV include: fever, swollen/aching limbs, hyperactiveness, and depression. There is research suggesting ... It is important to know the sequencing to understand if certain strains act differently by causing different symptoms (i.e. ...
Symptoms of this syndrome are consequences of this paresis. As such, in an affected patient, you may find: dysphonia/hoarseness ... Jugular foramen syndrome, or Vernet's syndrome, is characterized by paresis of the glossopharyngeal, vagal, and accessory (with ... loss of gag reflex sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles paresis (CN XI) Glomus tumors (most frequently) Meningiomas ...
Neurologic symptoms may include: Weakness, ataxia, paresis, proprioceptive deficits, head tremors, and rarely seizures. Muscle ... Often the symptoms include a gastrointestinal component, but many times birds suffering from this disease will present with ... It is this atrophy and loss of tone in the organs that causes the dilation and subsequent gastrointestinal symptoms which are ... The clinical presentation of this disease varies with the individual as well as in severity of those symptoms. ...
London, 1919.) Shell wound of head, right temporal region, sensory paresis of left hand and foot; mental and physical symptoms ... Head turned and said, "Ah I see I have taught you too well!" This marked the onset of Parkinson's symptoms which would lead him ... From the earliest stages of his career, Head had had a keen interest in sensation, especially in relation to the symptoms of ... Discussion on early symptoms and signs of nervous disease and their interpretation. (Brit. M. J., 1920, 2, 691-693.) ...
These present as ataxia, paresis, loss of vision, behavioural changes and seizures. All these symptoms are as a direct result ... Hypochromic anaemia is another symptom, also used in diagnosis and is due to the parasite interfering with haemoglobin ... Cardio-respiratory signs are one clinical symptom. Chronic, coughing, exercise intolerance, dyspnoea and tachypnoea in young ...
Signs and symptoms[edit]. The onset is gradual and uniform. The pathological findings of subacute combined degeneration consist ... Bilateral spastic paresis may develop and pressure, vibration and touch sense are diminished. A positive Babinski sign may be ... Although it was thought that folic acid might exacerbate vitamin B12 deficiency and its symptoms, it is probably not the case″. ...
Symptoms are frequently accompanied by visual disturbances such as gaze paresis, reduced vision, and dizziness. Increased ... If symptoms of high-altitude cerebral edema do not resolve or worsen, immediate descent is necessary, and symptoms can be ... Symptoms can be mild and nonspecific, including reduction of the stimulation effect, and can be confused for other causes of ... Symptoms vary based on the location and extent of edema and generally include headaches, nausea, vomiting, seizures, drowsiness ...
Muscle paresis/paralysis, hypotonia/atonia, and hyporeflexia/areflexia are usually seen immediately following an insult. Muscle ... Another feature is the segmentation of symptoms - only muscles innervated by the damaged nerves will be symptomatic. The most ... Muscle paresis or paralysis Fibrillations Fasciculations - caused by increased receptor concentration on muscles to compensate ...
Symptoms vary widely between sources of toxicity, dosage, length of time patient was exposed to the toxic substance, patient ... The final or terminal stage is characterized by stretching spasms, akinetic mutism, hypotonic paresis, central pyrexia, and ... Symptoms similar to those of leukoencephalopathy patients have been seen in PRES patients. However, the prognosis of toxic ... Symptoms of leukoencephalopathy caused by overdose of metronidazole medication include dysarthria, gait disturbance, weakness ...
Also other cholinergic symptoms are common, especially at higher doses. Intramuscular injection of crotoxin further shows ... Low crotoxin levels produce an incomplete blockage of the acetylcholine receptor resulting in paresis, which is fully ... Some studies have shown crotoxin to improve symptoms related to immune-associated disease and other conditions, including ...
... and shoulder pain are all considered to be symptoms of monoplegia. Patients of monoplegia typically feel symptoms of weakness ... For more information, see paresis. Many conditions that cause paraplegia or quadriplegia begin as monoplegia. Thus, the ... Common symptoms associated with monoplegic patients are weakness, numbness, and pain in the affected limb. Monoplegia is a type ... Fever is often the first symptom of lumbar plexus paralysis, followed by pain in one or both legs. The pain has an abrupt onset ...
Neurological signs include dullness, depression and paresis. In older chickens, an infection with no apparent symptoms may ...
People affected by Powassan virus generally first show symptoms 1 to 3 weeks after infection. The initial symptoms include ... paresis and altered mental status. Currently, the best ways to treat POWV illnesses include medications to reduce brain ... With severe Powassan illnesses the victims should be hospitalized, because the symptoms do worsen. If not treated, symptoms ... About 10% of POWV encephalitis cases are fatal and half the survivors have permanent symptoms that affect their brain. There ...
These symptoms may remit or remain stable and often can be localized below a specific dermatome. Symptoms tend to worsen over ... The major debility from Cobb syndrome is the onset of weakness, paresis, sensory loss, and loss of bowel and bladder control. A ... Less commonly, weakness or bowel and bladder dysfunction may be presenting symptoms. ...
... it is known also as homolateral ataxia and crural paresis. The onset of symptoms is often over hours or days. ... Signs and symptomsEdit. Each of the five classical lacunar syndromes has a relatively distinct symptom complex. Symptoms may ... The main symptoms are dysarthria and clumsiness (i.e., weakness) of the hand, which often are most prominent when the patient ... A silent lacunar infarction (SLI) is one type of silent stroke which usually shows no identifiable outward symptoms, and is ...
Symptoms of FCMS can be present in a person of any age and it is diagnosed using automatic-voluntary dissociation assessment, ... FCMS caused by the formation of lesions unilaterally causes muteness of speech and upper motor neuron cranial nerve paresis, ... Symptoms of infections specifically HIV and Herpes simplex encephalitis can cause FCMS. Numerous lesions can develop with HIV ... Epilepsy symptoms such as seizures can spread discharges that cause FCMS. This causation results in the only reversible ...
Symptoms include lack of response to the environment, perform any tasks, or respond to questions, but the ability to swallow is ... Paresis and Babinski sign may be present.. ...
This may be accompanied by difficulty swallowing and vocal cord paresis. These signs and symptoms are transient however, and do ... Side effects Temporary paresis (impairment of the function) of the thoracic diaphragm occurs in virtually all people who have ... The axillary block is also the safest of the four main approaches to the brachial plexus, as it does not risk paresis of the ... Other rare but serious complications from brachial plexus block include pneumothorax and persistent paresis of the phrenic ...
... spastic paresis, fatigue, and depression. Symptoms of fatigue and insomnia may progress to encephalopathy characterized by ... All of these symptoms may present with or without additional mood changes. Mental symptoms are extremely variable, and include ... or complications as caused by concurrent infections or neurological symptoms. Symptoms of pellagra can be cured with exogenous ... a 69-year-old patient had progressively worsened neurological symptoms. These symptoms included diminished upper limb reflexes ...
Biotin supplementation can alleviate and sometimes totally stop such symptoms. Signs and symptoms of a biotinidase deficiency ... These include seizures, hypotonia and muscle/limb weakness, ataxia, paresis, hearing loss, optic atrophy, skin rashes ( ... The symptoms are similar, but perhaps more mild, because if an individual survives the neonatal period they likely have some ... Symptom severity is predictably correlated with the severity of the enzyme defect. Profound biotinidase deficiency refers to ...
... spastic paresis, fatigue, and depression. Symptoms of fatigue and insomnia may progress to encephalophathy characterized by ... All of these symptoms may present with or without additional mood changes. Mental symptoms are extremely variable, and include ... Cognitive symptoms may mimic behavior in Alzheimer's and other dementias as well. People who are deficient in B12 despite ... The lingering symptoms of neuropathy associated with cerebral beriberi are known as Korsakoff's syndrome, or the chronic phase ...
... or heart symptoms.[2] Syphilis has been known as "the great imitator" as it may cause symptoms similar to many other diseases.[ ... general paresis and tabes dorsalis. General paresis presents with dementia, personality changes, delusions, seizures, psychosis ... Two-thirds of syphilitic infants are born without symptoms.[6] Common symptoms that develop over the first couple of years of ... Signs and symptoms. Syphilis can present in one of four different stages: primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary,[2] and may ...
The criteria of this category emphasized symptoms that cannot be explained by other mental disorders, psychological symptoms ... paresis, alcohol use disorders and factitious disorders. Ganser syndrome can sometimes be diagnosed as merely malingering, but ... Diagnosing Ganser syndrome is challenging because of its rarity and symptom variability. The manifested symptoms may be ... In addition to approximate answers, other symptoms include a clouding of consciousness, somatic conversion disorder symptoms, ...
Cerebral symptoms of various degree are present in many patients, including headache, paresis, speech disorder, visual problems ... The symptoms can fluctuate so that they may only be temporarily present but may reappear again later in the TTP episode. Other ... The initial symptoms, which force the patient to medical care, are often the consequence of lower platelet counts like purpura ... Patients may also report signs and symptoms as a result of (microangiopathic) hemolytic anemia, such as (dark) beer-brown urine ...
Other symptoms associated with the postictal state are less common. Todd's paresis is a temporary regional loss of function in ... Some of postictal symptoms are almost always present for a period of a few hours up to a day or two. Absence seizures do not ... Todd's paresis can also cause anterograde amnesia if the seizure included the bilateral hippocampi, and aphasia if the seizures ... Symptoms typically last about 15 hours, but can continue for 36 hours. Postictal psychosis is a neuropsychiatric sequel to ...
Two-thirds of syphilitic infants are born without symptoms. Common symptoms that develop over the first couple of years of life ... General paresis presents with dementia, personality changes, delusions, seizures, psychosis and depression. Tabes dorsalis is ... The symptoms of syphilis have become less severe over the 19th and 20th centuries, in part due to widespread availability of ... The acute symptoms usually resolve after three to six weeks; about 25% of people may present with a recurrence of secondary ...
... , also known as oculosympathetic paresis, is a combination of symptoms that arises when a group of nerves ... The signs and symptoms occur on the same side (ipsilateral) as it is a lesion of the sympathetic trunk. It is characterized by ... The site of lesion to the sympathetic outflow is on the ipsilateral side of the symptoms. The following are examples of ...
... symptoms of rabies in big brown bats include acute weight loss, paralysis, ataxia (inability to coordinate muscle movement), ... paresis (weakness of voluntary movement), and unusual vocalizations. The big brown bat is encountered widely throughout North ... of big brown bats were shedding the rabies virus through their saliva before exhibiting clinical symptoms of the disease; ...
Recognition of the allochiria may throw light upon a number of symptoms that would otherwise be misinterpreted as paresis, ... Looking at the motor aspect of allochiria, the symptoms again are described in a misleading way because the symptoms are less ... The motor symptom is when a patient is asked to carry out movement on affected side he does so on both sides though in doing so ... In absence of knowledge there are a number of ways in which the various symptoms may be overlooked or misinterpreted and as the ...
The production of seizure-like symptoms is not under voluntary control, meaning that the person is not faking;[6][11] symptoms ... Signs and symptoms[edit]. Individuals with PNES present with episodes that resemble epileptic seizures, and most have received ... "Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders", Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, American Psychiatric Association ... A follow-up has not been done to see if the therapy retained its reduction of symptoms beyond the 60 days.[22] ...
Computed tomography (CT scan): A CT scan may be normal if it is done soon after the onset of symptoms. A CT scan is the best ... gaze paresis, ocular bobbing, miosis, or autonomic instability Cerebellum - Ataxia, usually beginning in the trunk, ipsilateral ... Treatment goals include lifesaving interventions, supportive measures, and control of symptoms. Treatment depends on the ... may show evidence of an ischemic stroke within minutes of symptom onset. In some hospitals, a perfusion MRI scan may be done to ...
The most common symptoms of COPD are shortness of breath, and a cough that produces sputum.[22] These symptoms are present for ... Vocal fold paresis. Vocal cord dysfunction. epiglottis. Epiglottitis. trachea. Tracheitis. Laryngotracheal stenosis. ... Other symptoms[edit]. In COPD, breathing out may take longer than breathing in.[36] Chest tightness may occur,[22] but is not ... Symptoms. Shortness of breath, cough with sputum production.[1]. Complications. Acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive ...
Other common early symptoms are changes in personality, general slowing of movement, and visual symptoms. ... This vertical gaze paresis will correct when the examiner passively rolls the patient's head up and down as part of a test for ... Symptoms and signs[edit]. This patient presented with progressive dementia, ataxia and incontinence. A clinical diagnosis of ... The initial symptoms in two-thirds of cases are loss of balance, lunging forward when mobilizing, fast walking, bumping into ...
Symptoms may appear or change as a child gets older. Babies born with cerebral palsy do not immediately present with symptoms.[ ... meaning paralysis or paresis respectively. The works of the school of Hippocrates (460-c. 370 BCE), and the manuscript On the ... "Bell's Palsy (Facial Nerve Problems): Symptoms, Treatment & Contagious".. *^ "Cerebral Palsy: a Guide for Care". Archived from ... Signs and symptoms[edit]. Cerebral palsy is defined as "a group of permanent disorders of the development of movement and ...
... , or unilateral paresis, is weakness of one entire side of the body (hemi- means "half"). Hemiplegia is, in its most ... Signs and symptoms[edit]. Depending on the type of hemiparesis diagnosed, different bodily functions can be affected. Some ... Once the injury has occurred, the symptoms should not worsen. However, because of lack of mobility, other complications can ... "Ipsilateral pushing in stroke: incidence, relation to neuropsychological symptoms, and impact on rehabilitation. The ...
T. Insel: From Paresis to PANDAS and PANS. Director's Posts about Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), National Institute of ... PANS Diagnostic Guidelines: Somatic Signs and Symptoms including sleep disturbances, enuresis, or urinary frequency. PANDAS ... and systemic inflammatory responses in post concussion symptoms: Introduction of the ''post-inflammatory brain syndrome'' PIBS. ... and systemic inflammatory responses in post concussion symptoms: Introduction of the ''post-inflammatory brain syndrome'' PIBS. ...
The most common symptom is a cough.[4] Other symptoms include coughing up mucus, wheezing, shortness of breath, fever, and ... Vocal fold paresis. Vocal cord dysfunction. epiglottis. Epiglottitis. trachea. Tracheitis. Laryngotracheal stenosis. ... "Acute Bronchitis , Bronchitis Symptoms , MedlinePlus". Retrieved 2017-11-30.. *^ a b Goldsobel, AB; Chipps, BE (March 2010). " ... with the total duration of symptoms usually around three weeks.[1][4] Some have symptoms for up to six weeks.[6] ...
Vocal fold paresis. Vocal cord dysfunction. epiglottis. Epiglottitis. trachea. Tracheitis. Laryngotracheal stenosis. ... "Symptoms of Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)". www.cdc.gov. 10 February 2020. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. ... "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Symptoms". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. United States. 10 February 2020. ... කළහැක්කේ රෝග ලක්ෂණ පාලනය (treatment of symptoms), උපකාරක සත්කාර (supportive care), isolation සහ experimental measures භාවිතයෙන් ...
Treatment of neurovegetative symptoms associated with vertigo[18]. *Treatment of the symptoms of alcohol, opiate, and ... Adjunctive treatment of spastic muscular paresis (paraplegia/tetraplegia) caused by cerebral or spinal cord conditions such as ... experiencing notable withdrawal symptoms. Certain select patient groups show a higher rate of notable withdrawal symptoms, up ... and can range from insomnia and anxiety to more serious symptoms, including seizures and psychosis. Withdrawal symptoms can ...
Vocal fold paresis. Vocal cord dysfunction. epiglottis. Epiglottitis. trachea. Tracheitis. Laryngotracheal stenosis. ... Signs and symptoms[edit]. It might be expected that people with E.I.B. would present with shortness of breath, and/or an ... There are many mimics that present with similar symptoms, such as vocal cord dysfunction, cardiac arrhythmias, cardiomyopathies ... Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction can be difficult to diagnose clinically given the lack of specific symptoms[2] and ...
Signs and symptoms[edit]. The signs and symptoms of ARDS often begin within two hours of an inciting event, but can occur after ... Vocal fold paresis. Vocal cord dysfunction. epiglottis. Epiglottitis. trachea. Tracheitis. Laryngotracheal stenosis. ... Signs and symptoms may include shortness of breath, fast breathing, and a low oxygen level in the blood due to abnormal ... lung injury of acute onset, within 1 week of an apparent clinical insult and with progression of respiratory symptoms ...
Usually, anticonvulsants are given based on other symptoms and / or associated problems. Because the areas of the cerebellum ... Each treatment plan is specifically tailored to the individual patient based on their diagnosis and symptoms. Treatment options ... Todd's paresis. *Landau-Kleffner syndrome. *Epilepsy in animals. Epilepsy organizations. *Citizens United for Research in ...
Signs and symptoms[edit]. The symptoms of pulmonary hypertension include the following:[3][11][12] ... Vocal fold paresis. Vocal cord dysfunction. epiglottis. Epiglottitis. trachea. Tracheitis. Laryngotracheal stenosis. ... Pulmonary hypertension (PH or PHTN) is a condition of increased blood pressure within the arteries of the lungs.[7] Symptoms ... Less common signs/symptoms include non-productive cough and exercise-induced nausea and vomiting.[11] Coughing up of blood may ...
Signs and symptoms[edit]. Syringomyelia causes a wide variety of neuropathic symptoms due to damage of the spinal cord and the ... Some patients experience paralysis or paresis temporarily or permanently. A syrinx may also cause disruptions in the ... Each patient experiences a different combination of symptoms. These symptoms typically vary depending on the extent and, often ... The primary symptom of post-traumatic syringomyelia (often referred to using the abbreviation of PTS)[8] is pain, which may ...
Because these symptoms are so often seen in association with other diseases, these signs and symptoms are not part of the ... and headache with occasional abducens nerve paresis, absence of a space-occupying lesion or ventricular enlargement, and normal ... Symptoms vary between people and may be mild to severe.[1] Common symptoms include painful and swollen joints, fever, chest ... Symptoms. Painful and swollen joints, fever, chest pain, hair loss, mouth ulcers, swollen lymph nodes, feeling tired, red rash[ ...
Signs and symptoms[edit]. Patients with Unverricht-Lundborg disease exhibit myoclonic jerks and tonic-clonic seizures at a ... This research has been performed on mice with the gene for producing cystatin B removed, to provide a similar set of symptoms ... The early symptoms of ULD are general and in many cases similar to other more common epilepsies, such as juvenile myoclonic ... and since early symptoms are general, it is often mistaken for another more common epilepsy, in many cases juvenile myoclonic ...
General symptoms of meningeal syphilis[edit]. *symptoms of meningitis can occur at any time after the infection ... which includes general paresis and tabes dorsalis), and optic atrophy.[5] ... Signs and symptoms[edit]. Asymptomatic[edit]. *asymptomatic invasion of the central nervous system by Treponema is common ... Other symptoms may include sore throat, headache, joint pain, fever, and patches of hair loss. As in stage one, lesions may ...
Vocal fold paresis. Vocal cord dysfunction. epiglottis. Epiglottitis. trachea. Tracheitis. Laryngotracheal stenosis. ... The symptoms caused by enlarged adenoids are mostly due to where this lymphoid tissue is located. The adenoids are in the ...
Vocal cord paresis. Vocal cord dysfunction. epiglottis. Epiglottitis. trachea. Tracheitis. Tracheal stenosis. ...
聲帶麻痺(英語:Vocal cord paresis). 聲帶功能異常(英語:Vocal cord dysfunction). 會厭. 會厭炎(英語:Epiglottitis). 氣管. 氣管炎. 氣管狹窄(英語:Tracheal stenosis). ... Factors accounting for asthma variability: achieving optimal symptom control for individual
Additionally, control of symptoms with pain medications (NSAIDs), muscle relaxants, and warm compresses may be used. Splints ... trismus and paresis. Treatment: in acute phase: Heat therapy Analgesics A soft diet Muscle relaxants (if necessary) Note: When ... Hysteric patients: Through the mechanisms of conversion, the emotional conflict are converted into a physical symptom. E.g.: ... Acute closed locked conditions - displaced meniscus Rarely, trismus is a symptom of nasopharyngeal or infratemporal tumors/ ...
Vocal fold paresis. Vocal cord dysfunction. epiglottis. Epiglottitis. trachea. Tracheitis. Laryngotracheal stenosis. ... Symptoms and signs: Respiratory system. Hidden categories: *Articles with short description. *Short description matches ...
Signs and symptoms[edit]. The signs and symptoms of asbestosis typically manifest after a significant amount of time has passed ... Vocal fold paresis. Vocal cord dysfunction. epiglottis. Epiglottitis. trachea. Tracheitis. Laryngotracheal stenosis. ... Symptoms. Shortness of breath, cough, wheezing, chest pain[1]. Complications. Lung cancer, mesothelioma, pleural fibrosis, ... Asbestosis is long term inflammation and scarring of the lungs due to asbestos fibers.[4] Symptoms may include shortness of ...
This leads to various other symptoms including headache and a swollen optic disc. The differential diagnosis for sphenoid wing ... though most suffered unilateral blindness as well as paresis of extraocular movements. Higher grade tumors have been shown to ... Sphenoid wing meningiomas are diagnosed by the combination of suggestive symptoms from the history and physical and ...
聲帶麻痺(英语:Vocal cord paresis). 聲帶功能異常(英语:Vocal cord dysfunction)(VCD). 聲帶囊腫. 會厭. 會厭炎. 會厭谿囊腫(會厭谷囊腫/會厭囊腫). 氣管. 氣管炎. 氣管狹窄(英语: ... Community Pharmacy ANZ: Symptoms, Diagnosis
Hereditary Congenital Facial Paresis 2 information including symptoms, diagnosis, misdiagnosis, treatment, causes, patient ... Symptoms of Hereditary Congenital Facial Paresis 2 *Diagnostic Tests for Hereditary Congenital Facial Paresis 2 *Home Testing ... more symptoms...» See full list of 15 symptoms of Hereditary Congenital Facial Paresis 2 ... Symptoms of Hereditary Congenital Facial Paresis 2. Click to Check *Infant sucking difficulty *Inability to follow moving ...
General paresis is a problem with mental function due to damage to the brain from untreated syphilis. ... With general paresis, symptoms are usually those of dementia and may include:. *Memory problems ... General paresis is one form of neurosyphilis. It usually occurs in people who have had untreated syphilis for many years. ... General paresis is a problem with mental function due to damage to the brain from untreated syphilis. ...
Paresis. Cerebrovascular Disorders. Brain Diseases. Central Nervous System Diseases. Nervous System Diseases. Vascular Diseases ... Self-modulated Functional Electrical Stimulation in Chronic Stroke Patients With Severe and Moderate Upper Limb Paresis (SM-FES ... Self-modulated Functional Electrical Stimulation in Chronic Stroke Patients With Severe and Moderate Upper Limb Paresis: A ...
Symptoms irritation eyes, skin; paresthesia tongue, lips, face; tremor; anxiety, dizziness, confusion, malaise (vague feeling ... of discomfort), headache, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); convulsions; paresis hands; vomiting; [potential occupational ...
... , Todds Paralysis, Todd Paralysis, Postseizure Paralysis, Postseizure Paresis. ... Symptoms Chapter Tremor Chapter ... Todd Paresis. Todd Paresis Aka: Todd Paresis, Todds Paralysis ... todds paresis, todds paralysis, todds paralysis (diagnosis), Postictal paralysis, Todds paralysis, Todds paresis, Todds ... These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Todd Paresis." Click on the image (or right click) to open ...
... , Todds Paralysis, Todd Paralysis, Postseizure Paralysis, Postseizure Paresis. ... Sign or Symptom (T184) MSH. D010243. SnomedCT. 66264000. English. Paralysis, Todds, Postseizure paralysis, Paralysis, Todd, ... Aka: Todd Paresis, Todds Paralysis, Todd Paralysis, Postseizure Paralysis, Postseizure Paresis *Definitions. *Todd Paresis. * ... todds paresis, todds paralysis, todds paralysis (diagnosis), Postictal paralysis, Todds paralysis, Todds paresis, Todds ...
Signs and Symptoms of Illness. Ruffled fur, paresis Arthropod. Time Held Alive before Inoculation. ...
Signs and Symptoms. Paresis. Vascular Diseases. Cardiovascular Diseases. To Top. *For Patients and Families ...
Signs and Symptoms. Central Nervous System Diseases. Hematologic Diseases. Paresis. HTLV-I Infections. Deltaretrovirus ...
Paresis. Neurologic Manifestations. Nervous System Diseases. Signs and Symptoms. To Top. *For Patients and Families ...
... only symptoms regarding paresis and sensory symptoms were revised. Most patients had additional facial paresis or dysarthria. ... Sensory symptoms without paresis. 2. 35. …. 2. Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or hypercholesterolemia was defined as ...
Hypernasality secondary to paresis or paralysis of velopharyngeal muscles involved in speech ... Signs and Symptoms. Signs and symptoms of TBI vary, depending on the site and extent of injury to the brain, the age at which ... Signs and Symptoms Related to Traumatic Brain Injury Physical. * Changes in bowel and bladder function ... Signs and symptoms may co-occur with other existing developmental conditions such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, ...
Paresis or paralysis. In interpreting this table, it is important to remember that some of the hematological abnormalities of ... Table 6. Continuum of Signs and Symptoms of Ongoing Lead Exposure [ATSDR 2010]. Lowest Exposure Dose Signs and Symptoms: ... A symptom is experienced and reported by the patient.. A review of systems is an inventory of specific body systems performed ... The patient assessment should include a review of systems for symptoms and signs as well as a complete physical examination of ...
Find acidosis information, treatments for acidosis and acidosis symptoms. ... What are the symptoms of acidosis? Do they come and go? I feel drunk a lot. ... Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for acidosis. ...
Symptoms usually affect the nervous system. Depending on the form of neurosyphilis, symptoms may include any of the following: ... General paresis. *Meningovascular. *Tabes dorsalis. Asymptomatic neurosyphilis occurs before symptomatic syphilis. Asymptomatic ...
Common symptoms are sudden and transient, and include unilateral paresis, speech disturbance, and monocular blindness. Correct ... Nonspecific symptoms and gradual onset are more likely with mimics than with true transient ischemic attacks. Transient ... The ABCD2 (age, blood pressure, clinical presentation, diabetes mellitus, duration of symptoms) score should be determined ... Urgent evaluation is necessary in patients with symptoms of transient ischemic attack and includes neuroimaging, ...
A careful history and physical examination often can identify the psychologic origin of the symptoms. Presenting syndromes can ... These presentations may be distinguished from organic disease by observing signs and symptoms or eliciting test responses that ... Physicians may encounter patients with a collection of psychologic disorders that present with neurologic symptoms or signs, ... In contrast, patients with true paresis or paraplegia of the lower extremity tend to fall frequently. An unusual and illusive ...
... symptoms from 12 cross linked materia medicas. Available 4C-30C, 200C, 7X-30X, 1M-100M ... Common symptoms: Varicose veins, Fatigue, Headache, Lethargic, Restlessness.. Below are the main rubriks (i.e strongest ... indications or symptoms) of Zincum Metallicum in traditional homeopathic usage, not reviewed by the FDA. ...
Nervous symptoms. *Ataxia. *Paresis. *Paralysis. *Flaccid neck. *Circling. *Tremors. *May also be asymptomatic. Post-mortem ...
Weakness, with cramps in hand and fingers ; paresis. Hands fall asleep. Hands tremble when writing, mornings. Laming pain in ... THE GUIDING SYMPTOMS OF OUR MATERIA MEDICA BY CONSTANTINE HERING, M. D. Presented by M di-T ... Amenorrheic and menorrhagic symptoms due to organic affection of heart, deficiency of healthy blood ; acrid discharges. Menses ... Paresis. Atony of muscular tissue ; disposition to easy overlifting. Oppression of breathing accompanies most complaints. ...
... is medically referred to as facial nerve paresis. It is evidenced by paralysis or weakness of the muscles of the ears, eyelids ... Facial Nerve Paresis/Paralysis in Cats. A dysfunction of the facial nerve (seventh cranial nerve) is medically referred to as ... You will need to give a thorough history of your cats health, onset of symptoms, and possible incidents that might have ... Your veterinarian will first determine whether the paresis is one sided or both sided, and will then look for other ...
When not associated with a raccoon bite, the same symptoms occur, with the paresis taking about 3-4 days to reach its maximum ... In cats, the symptoms include paresis, hyporeflexia, and muscle tremors. Chrisman, Cheryl; Clemmons, Roger; Mariani, ... Symptoms start at the age of 8 to 10 weeks, and include frequent falling and walking on the hock. The prognosis is poor. The ... Symptoms include decreased or absent reflexes and muscle tone, weakness, or paralysis. It often occurs in the rear legs and is ...
θ Paresis. Threatened amaurosis during confinement, with want of milk. Looking up causes inclination to fall to the left. θ ... THE GUIDING SYMPTOMS OF OUR MATERIA MEDICA BY CONSTANTINE HERING, M. D. Presented by M di-T ...
The symptoms can be categorized in three groups: Dysfunction of peripheral nerves: *Dissociated anesthesia ... Muscle paresis and atrophy *Dysaesthesia and paraesthesia *Reduced skin temperature *Coldness *Hoarseness ...
Facial nerve paresis and paralysis is a disorder of the facial cranial nerve - a nerve that originates in the brain (as opposed ... Facial Nerve Paresis/Paralysis in Rabbits. Facial nerve paresis and paralysis is a disorder of the facial cranial nerve - a ... Symptoms and treatment for kidney disease vary depending the specifics of the case, but oftentimes, a diet change can help.. ... If the symptoms appear to be neurological in origin, a sample of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) can be taken for analysis, and can ...
It gives me the same symptoms as a person with multiple sclerosis. Does your ANTI-VIRAL CLEANSE AND REGIMEN work for all types ... I have been told that I have a viral infection (tropical spastic Para paresis) caused by the htlv1 virus. ...
Also what are the other symptoms? Are there any FAQs available - , somewhere? Thanks. Several, do a search of Medline (see the ... My endo is talking about being tested for , gastro-paresis. I know it has to do withe nerve endings in the tummy , not ...
Appropriate Clinical Signs, Symptoms, Conditions Term / Code Not Available. 1. 1. Paresis. 1. 1. ...
Bells palsy symptoms include partial facial paralysis. Most of the time the cause isnt known, but some viral infections can ... Paresis is the medical term for weakened muscle movement. Its different from paralysis, which is the inability to move ...
AND Unilateral paresis (1 match). *AND Verbal communication difficulty in children (1 match) ... Start with new symptoms *How this tool works Narrow Your Search: Add a 4th Symptom. Choose another medical symptom from the ... more symptoms...» Research the causes of this symptom in broader categories: *Cognitive problems *more symptoms...» Research ... Causes of General Symptom Types. Research the causes of these more general types of symptom: *Childrens health symptoms (230 ...
  • Hereditary Congenital Facial Paresis II is a very rare condition characterized by underdevelopment of the facial nerves (particularly sixth and seventh cranial nerves) which causes facial paralysis. (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • Symptoms include decreased or absent reflexes and muscle tone, weakness, or paralysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Facial nerve paresis and paralysis is a disorder of the facial cranial nerve - a nerve that originates in the brain (as opposed to the spine). (petmd.com)
  • Dwarf breeds and lop ear breeds tend to be at increased risk of developing facial nerve paresis and paralysis. (petmd.com)
  • Clinical features of the disorder that may help to distinguish it from other causes of facial paralysis include the sudden onset of unilateral facial paralysis and the absence of signs and symptoms of CNS, ear, and cerebellopontine angle disease. (medscape.com)
  • Pelvic Limb Paresis, Paralysis, or Ataxia 7. (fishpond.com.au)
  • Vocal cord paresis, also known as recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis or vocal fold paralysis, is an injury to one or both recurrent laryngeal nerves (RLNs), which control all muscles of the larynx except for the cricothyroid muscle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Typically, patients with vocal fold paresis or paralysis are able to identify the onset of their symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most commonly reported symptom patients with either vocal fold paresis or paralysis make is having a rough voice quality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though voice qualities may appear normal in some cases of vocal fold paresis or paralysis, mild differences in tension between the two vocal folds of the larynx can result in changes of voice pitch, intensity and reduced vocal stamina. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients with either vocal fold paresis or paralysis may exhibit a breathy voice quality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Functional motor symptoms, as we will call them in this review, are the second commonest 'non-organic' symptom seen in neurological practice after non-epileptic attacks, 3 , 4 with paralysis or weakness being the commonest manifestation. (bmj.com)
  • Symptoms of vocal fold paralysis and paresis can vary depending on the resting position of the vocal folds and the degree of compensation. (masseyeandear.org)
  • Treatment for vocal fold paralysis and paresis depends on a variety of factors, including degree of voice loss, vocal demands, presence of aspiration, and airway and swallowing symptoms. (masseyeandear.org)
  • Treatments of vocal fold paralysis and paresis are designed to enable the working vocal fold to better contact the weak side. (masseyeandear.org)
  • paresis is another term derived from Greek that means paralysis. (brainandspinalcord.org)
  • In rare cases, sacrococcygeal tumors cause partial paralysis (paresis) of the legs and tingling or numbness (paresthesia). (rarediseases.org)
  • Gastro= the esophagus, the stomach, our digestive system+ paresis =the paralysis of the stomach's function in digesting food. (caringbridge.org)
  • A companion website includes 20 narrated video clips with accompanying PowerPoint slides that correlate to the case histories in the book, covering neurologic assessment and clinical problems such as paresis of one limb, tetraparesis, stupor, seizures, ataxia of the head and limbs, and cranial nerve disorders. (elsevier.com)
  • hence, it is known also as homolateral ataxia and crural paresis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Signs and symptoms of TBI vary, depending on the site and extent of injury to the brain, the age at which the injury occurred, premorbid abilities, and functional domains affected (e.g., physical, cognitive, language, sensory). (asha.org)
  • Signs and symptoms may co-occur with other existing developmental conditions such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, learning disabilities, autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, childhood apraxia of speech, childhood fluency disorders, late language emergence, spoken language disorders, written language disorders, and social communication disorders. (asha.org)
  • The patient assessment should include a review of systems for symptoms and signs as well as a complete physical examination of patients with potential exposure to lead, in addition to the environmental exposure history. (cdc.gov)
  • The parents may inquire about signs and symptoms associated with exposures. (cdc.gov)
  • A continuum of signs and symptoms can be seen depending on level (amount), frequency, and duration of lead exposure. (cdc.gov)
  • Keep in mind that categorizing the signs and symptoms by exposure dose from "lowest to high" is somewhat artificial - the signs and symptoms generally become more noticeable as BLLs increase, and no specific BLL numbers can be assigned to exposure levels in the continuum, as symptoms may vary by individual. (cdc.gov)
  • Physicians may encounter patients with a collection of psychologic disorders that present with neurologic symptoms or signs, yet have no identifiable structural or functional etiology within the nervous system. (aafp.org)
  • These presentations may be distinguished from organic disease by observing signs and symptoms or eliciting test responses that are nonphysiologic and incompatible with organic disease. (aafp.org)
  • Perhaps the most common constellation of presenting symptoms and signs for these disorders are neurologic, 1 and they constitute the pseudoneurologic syndromes discussed in this review. (aafp.org)
  • Your veterinarian will first determine whether the paresis is one sided or both sided, and will then look for other neurological signs. (petmd.com)
  • Your doctor will talk to you about the advantage and risks of the treatment and what the early signs and symptoms of undesirable effects are. (drugs.com)
  • In some persons, multisystem organ failure with hemorrhagic signs and symptoms occurs. (cdc.gov)
  • Confirming a Diagnosis Part II: Clinical Problems: Signs and Symptoms 5. (fishpond.com.au)
  • What are the signs and symptoms of Ramsay Hunt syndrome? (medscape.com)
  • the most common central nervous system signs were stiff neck, irritability, and limb paresis. (cdc.gov)
  • The present investigation is a secondary analysis addressing stroke presenting symptoms with a special regard to signs included in the FAST scheme. (bmj.com)
  • The immediate pathophysiology is an imbalance between the production of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and its absorption, typically causing clinical signs and symptoms. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • The most common signs and symptoms in infants are irritability, vomiting, enlarging head circumference, tense fontanel, and sun-setting eyes. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • The most common signs and symptoms in older children are headache, nausea, vomiting (particularly first thing in the morning), lethargy, dysconjugate gaze, and papilledema. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • In severely immunosuppressed patients, the usual signs and symptoms associated with infection may be altered, suppressed, or even absent. (nih.gov)
  • Visual signs and symptoms of PD may include defects in eye movement, pupillary function, and in more complex visual tasks involving the ability to judge distance or the shape of an object [ 2 , 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Hence, this paper provides a general overview of (1) the visual signs and symptoms of PD, (2) the areas of the eye and brain which may be affected by the pathology of PD, and (3) the adverse ocular reactions to treatment. (hindawi.com)
  • Visual signs and symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). (hindawi.com)
  • Other signs may include hyperopia due to accommodative paresis, photophobia and difficulty reading. (disabled-world.com)
  • In such patients Trental may give relief of signs and symptoms of impaired blood flow, such as intermittent claudication or trophic ulcers. (rxlist.com)
  • Individual signs/symptoms listed in the table below occurred at an incidence between 1 and 3%, except when stated otherwise. (rxlist.com)
  • There was no evidence of extramotor neurologic signs or symptoms or dementia throughout the illness. (neurology.org)
  • Symptoms and signs of meningitis are the first clinical manifestations in only a quarter of patients. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • You will need to give a thorough history of your cat's health, onset of symptoms, and possible incidents that might have preceded this condition. (petmd.com)
  • Most are chronic problems with a slow onset of symptoms, but some occur suddenly. (wikipedia.org)
  • You will need to give your veterinarian a thorough history of your rabbit's health and onset of symptoms. (petmd.com)
  • Facial weakness usually reaches maximum severity by 1 week after the onset of symptoms. (medscape.com)
  • The onset of symptoms is often over hours or days. (wikipedia.org)
  • Quantification of antibodies to 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR) was not available at the time the patient presented but was performed later (with approval of the local ethics committee) by use of ELISA (Quanta Lite HMGCR, Inova Diagnostics) on 3 banked serum samples obtained (a) before onset of symptoms, (b) when the patient presented with muscle weakness, and (c) after treatment. (aacc.org)
  • Distal symmetric polyneuropathy symptoms include atrophy of the distal leg muscles and the muscles of the head, and rear limb weakness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms usually start between the ages of 7 and 10 weeks, and include weakness, decreased reflexes, and loss of bark. (wikipedia.org)
  • When associated with a raccoon bite, the symptoms start 7 to 11 days after the bite, and include rear leg weakness progressing rapidly to paresis, and decreased reflexes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Background The prognosis of functional (or psychogenic) motor symptoms (weakness and movement disorder) has not been systematically reviewed. (bmj.com)
  • Functional (or psychogenic) motor symptoms refer to weakness or movement disorders that are genuine but do not relate to an underlying neurological disease. (bmj.com)
  • It displays a combination of cerebellar and motor symptoms, including weakness and clumsiness, on the ipsilateral side of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main symptoms are dysarthria and clumsiness (i.e., weakness) of the hand, which often are most prominent when the patient is writing. (wikipedia.org)
  • His weakness rapidly progressed until his death from respiratory failure 15 months after symptom onset. (neurology.org)
  • All patients had stable neurological symptoms, and two patients experienced transient ipsilateral tongue weakness and hearing loss, both of which subsequently resolved. (biomedsearch.com)
  • It is designed to bring out clinical symptoms the patient may have overlooked, forgotten, or may not have realized were important enough to mention to the physician, but may, in fact, be key toward making an accurate diagnosis. (cdc.gov)
  • There are several possible causes for this condition, so your veterinarian will most likely use differential diagnosis, a process that is guided by deeper inspection of the apparent outward symptoms, ruling out each of the more common causes until the correct disorder is settled upon and can be treated appropriately. (petmd.com)
  • Patients were divided into dominant motor symptom groups based on the diagnosis of the referring neurologist. (rug.nl)
  • Short duration of symptoms, early diagnosis and high satisfaction with care predicted positive outcome in two studies. (bmj.com)
  • The symptoms are believed to exist 2.6 months prior to their diagnosis. (ygoy.com)
  • Those listed below are the most common, but in neurologically compromised children (as many who develop hydrocephalus are) the diagnosis can be difficult to make on symptoms alone. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Because stroke is a clinical diagnosis (that is, it is defined by clinical symptoms), there is debate about whether SLI are considered to be strokes, even though the pathophysiology is presumably the same. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because many of the symptoms of Lyme disease involve the CNS, patients with Lyme disease may be referred to psychiatrists both before and after diagnosis. (angelfire.com)
  • Q: I have been told that I have a viral infection (tropical spastic Para paresis) caused by the htlv1 virus. (dherbs.com)
  • HTLV infection is an etiologic agent for ATL as well as for tropical spastic paresis. (go.jp)
  • One should have a high degree of suspicion for tropical spastic paresis in patients with HTLV-1 infection as it can easily go undiagnosed. (go.jp)
  • Bilateral spastic paresis may develop and pressure, vibration and touch sense are diminished. (wikipedia.org)
  • There was spastic dysarthria, pseudobulbar paresis causing dysphagia, and weight loss. (neurology.org)
  • More detailed information about the symptoms , causes , and treatments of Hereditary Congenital Facial Paresis 2 is available below. (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • 57 Hereditary congenital facial paresis (HCFP) is the isolated dysfunction of the facial nerve (CN VII). (malacards.org)
  • A dysfunction of the facial nerve (seventh cranial nerve) is medically referred to as facial nerve paresis. (petmd.com)
  • The initial symptoms are usually those of motor cranial nerve involvement with onset of diplopia, dysphonia, and dysphagia. (medscape.com)
  • Symptoms of motor cranial nerve involvement with onset of dysarthria, dysphonia, and dysphagia may be present. (medscape.com)
  • The last brain MRI, performed during an acute phase of oculomotor paresis with ipsilateral headache, showed a nodular lesion described as schwannoma of III cranial nerve. (hindawi.com)
  • More remarkably, in 7 patients, the symptoms of lower cranial nerve paresis improved. (thejns.org)
  • Cranial nerve palsies, especially of nerves 3, 6, 7, and 8 occur in approximately 40% of cases along with symptoms of increased intracranial pressure. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Because children may have adverse health effects that may be subclinical or without overt clinical symptoms, as may occur with low blood lead levels, it is vital that primary care providers adopt a preventive approach to determine which of their patients may be at risk. (cdc.gov)
  • When not associated with a raccoon bite, the same symptoms occur, with the paresis taking about 3-4 days to reach its maximum effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nonspecific symptoms may also occur, including behavioral changes and decreased school performance. (oncolink.org)
  • It also lists time periods in which the first symptom of these injuries/conditions must occur after receiving the vaccine. (blogspot.com)
  • Symptoms may occur suddenly, progressively, or in a fluctuating (e.g., the capsular warning syndrome) manner. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cold paresis may occur in multifocal motor neuropathy and lower motor neuron disease. (nih.gov)
  • The symptoms that occur with sacrococcygeal teratomas vary widely depending upon the size and specific location of the tumor. (rarediseases.org)
  • Although Zocor demonstrated significant improvements in a number of clinically relevant cases, troublesome symptoms, such as Abasia , may still occur. (patientsville.com)
  • The main presenting symptom was headache. (biomedsearch.com)
  • A clinically compatible febrile illness of variable severity associated with neurological symptoms ranging from headache to meningitis or encephalitis. (health.gov.au)
  • Symptoms may include headache or fever. (health.gov.au)
  • The chapter "painful lesions of the cranial nerves and other facial pains" includes the recurrent painful ophthalmoplegic neuropathy (RPON), a condition characterized by repeated attacks of paresis of one or more ocular cranial nerves (commonly the III nerve), with ipsilateral headache [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • General paresis is a problem with mental function due to damage to the brain from untreated syphilis. (medlineplus.gov)
  • General paresis is one form of neurosyphilis . (medlineplus.gov)
  • General paresis often begins about 10 to 30 years after the syphilis infection. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Treating primary syphilis and secondary syphilis infections will prevent general paresis. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Most patients had additional facial paresis or dysarthria. (medscape.com)
  • Dysarthria , dysphagia , and transient sensory symptoms may also be present. (wikipedia.org)
  • Delayed facial nerve paresis following acoustic neuroma resection and postoperative vasoactive treat. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The pace of symptom development is similarly variable, with some cases progressing to coma and becoming life-threatening over the course of hours while in other cases symptoms progress over months. (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Treatment of symptoms is needed for existing nervous system damage. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Symptoms usually affect the nervous system. (medlineplus.gov)
  • if your cat is sleeping a lot and is displaying symptoms related to a brainstem disorder, a disease of the central nervous system will be considered. (petmd.com)
  • Lyme disease is a multisystemic illness that can affect the central nervous system (CNS), causing neurologic and psychiatric symptoms. (angelfire.com)
  • Transient ischemic attack is defined as transient neurologic symptoms without evidence of acute infarction. (aafp.org)
  • 1 , 2 In 2002, the TIA Working Group redefined TIA as brief neurologic dysfunction with symptoms typically lasting less than one hour, without evidence of acute infarction. (aafp.org)
  • Historically, patients with acute functional motor symptoms have often been thought to have a good outcome. (bmj.com)
  • Symptoms of acute meningitis may be subacute and non-specific. (mja.com.au)
  • To our knowledge, this is the first report of acute atropine intoxications with psychiatric symptoms secondary to Pulmonaria officinalis in several members of a family. (isciii.es)
  • The onset of Bell palsy is typically sudden, and symptoms tend to peak in less than 48 hours. (medscape.com)
  • A patient presenting with diplophonia is of major concern as this typically means that the mass and tension of their vocal folds are asymmetrical which may also indicate vocal fold paresis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Typically, no symptoms in congenital MED. (reocities.com)
  • The symptoms of Bell's palsy usually come on suddenly (over a few hours) and typically worsen over the course of a few days before stabilizing. (verywellhealth.com)
  • An important gene associated with Facial Paresis, Hereditary Congenital, 1 is MBS2 (Moebius Syndrome 2). (malacards.org)
  • Common symptoms are sudden and transient, and include unilateral paresis, speech disturbance, and monocular blindness. (aafp.org)
  • For lacunar syndromes, only symptoms regarding paresis and sensory symptoms were revised. (medscape.com)
  • Patients may also report sensory symptoms. (bmj.com)
  • Each of the five classical lacunar syndromes has a relatively distinct symptom complex. (wikipedia.org)
  • This may lead to symptoms like pain and numbness of the hands, arms, legs, and/or feet (depending on the region where the compression is occurring). (verywellhealth.com)
  • Doctors can more precisely steer electrical current toward targeted areas of the brain to lessen symptoms such as tremors. (abbott.com)
  • Swallowing difficulties (dysphagia) are not commonly seen in vocal fold paresis that results from RLN damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms of sensory nerve damage include: chronic coughing, the feeling of having a lump in the throat (globus sensation), hypersensitivity or abnormal sensation, spasms of the vocal folds (laryngospasms), dysphagia, pain from vocal use, and voice loss in high pitch ranges. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some authors believe that this is secondary to involvement of the trigeminal nerve, whereas other authors argue that this symptom is probably from lack of mobility of the facial muscles and not lack of sensation. (medscape.com)
  • The symptoms manifest when a tumor presses on a nerve or damages a certain area of the brain. (ygoy.com)
  • The symptoms of peripheral neuropathy are produced by disease of a single nerve, or many nerves at the same time. (disabled-world.com)
  • The symptoms of neuritis depend on the nerve or group of nerves affected. (healthhype.com)
  • Urgent evaluation is necessary in patients with symptoms of transient ischemic attack and includes neuroimaging, cervicocephalic vasculature imaging, cardiac evaluation, blood pressure assessment, and routine laboratory testing. (aafp.org)
  • 2 A lack of evidence of infarction on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients who have symptoms consistent with cerebral ischemia distinguishes TIA from minor stroke. (aafp.org)
  • All patients presenting with symptoms of possible TIA should undergo urgent evaluation including neuroimaging, cervicocephalic vasculature imaging, and electrocardiography. (aafp.org)
  • Patients with TIA who present within 72 hours of symptom resolution should be hospitalized if they have an ABCD 2 (age, blood pressure, clinical presentation, diabetes mellitus, duration of symptoms) score of 3 or greater, have evidence of focal ischemia, or are unable to complete outpatient workup within 48 hours. (aafp.org)
  • In a large cohort, we aimed to find if there were differences in demographics, mode of onset, pain, fatigue, depression and anxiety and levels of physical functioning, quality of life and social adjustment between patients with different dominant motor symptoms. (rug.nl)
  • RESULTS: In 160 patients a dominant motor symptom could be determined, 31 had tremor, 45 myoclonus, 23 dystonia, 30 paresis, 31 gait disorder. (rug.nl)
  • [ 10 ] The pain frequently occurs simultaneously with the paresis, but pain precedes the paresis by 2-3 days in about 25% of patients. (medscape.com)
  • Methods We systematically reviewed PubMed for all studies of eight or more patients with functional motor symptoms reporting follow-up data longer than 6 months (excluding studies reporting specific treatments). (bmj.com)
  • However, neurologists working in specialist clinics frequently encounter patients with disabling and chronic functional motor symptoms that appear resistant to treatment. (bmj.com)
  • At least one FAST symptom could be recognised in 69.1% of 18-24 years-old patients, in 74% of those aged 25-34 years, in 75.4% of those aged 35-44 years, and 77.8% in 45-55 years-old patients. (bmj.com)
  • Patients who present with symptoms of a lacunar stroke, but who have not yet had diagnostic imaging performed, may be described as suffering from lacunar stroke syndrome ( LACS ). (wikipedia.org)
  • We suggest this recommendation to be extended to patients who attend Accident and Emergency facilities and we here present a series of case vignettes in which three members of the same family manifested both somatic and psychiatric symptoms consistent with atropine intoxication after consuming an herbal infusion made with Pulmonaria Officinalis . (isciii.es)
  • Glottal insufficiency is another common symptom observed in vocal fold paresis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bilateral Vestibular Paresis results from a loss of the connection of the semicircular canals to the brain resulting in a loss of balance. (rareshare.org)
  • Acknowledgement of Bilateral Vestibular Paresis has not been added yet. (rareshare.org)
  • Cause of Bilateral Vestibular Paresis has not been added yet. (rareshare.org)
  • Symptoms for Bilateral Vestibular Paresis has not been added yet. (rareshare.org)
  • References of Bilateral Vestibular Paresis has not been added yet. (rareshare.org)
  • Bilateral Vestibular Paresis community discussions will be posted here. (rareshare.org)
  • Bilateral stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) as an adjunctive therapy to reduce some of the symptoms of advanced levodopa-responsive Parkinson's disease that are not adequately controlled by medications. (abbott.com)
  • If maladaptive compensatory strategies are used more and more to try to offset the voice difficulties, the vocal mechanisms will fatigue and the above symptoms will worsen. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like syphilis, Lyme disease may have a latency period of months to years before symptoms of late infection emerge. (angelfire.com)
  • The symptoms of Bell's palsy, such as a sagging eyebrow or drooping mouth corner, develop pretty quickly, and they can be stressful and frightening due to the dramatic change in the appearance of the face. (verywellhealth.com)
  • The upside of Bell's palsy is that symptoms often usually improve on their own within about three to six months. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Bell's palsy is usually diagnosed based on a person's symptoms and physical exam. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Due to the fact that several diagnoses, some very serious, can mimic the symptoms of Bell's palsy, referral to a neurologist or otolaryngologist as soon as possible is warranted. (verywellhealth.com)
  • The perception of the prognosis of functional motor symptoms in the medical literature is variable. (bmj.com)
  • There is potential for vocal fold motion recovery and treatment options are tailored according to prognosis for recovery, symptoms, and individual voice needs. (masseyeandear.org)
  • The ABCD 2 (age, blood pressure, clinical presentation, diabetes mellitus, duration of symptoms) score should be determined during the initial evaluation and can help assess the immediate risk of repeat ischemia and stroke. (aafp.org)
  • It is important to note that the symptoms of vocal fold paresis are not specific to the condition and tend to be common symptoms of other voice disorders as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vocal fold bowing, decreased vocal fold mobility, especially decreased mobility of the arytenoid cartilage, are often observed in vocal fold paresis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hyperfunction may also make it difficult to detect the presence of vocal fold paresis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hyperfunction of the area above the vocal folds may be considered a sign of glottal insufficiency and potentially, vocal fold paresis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms start at the age of 8 to 10 weeks, and include frequent falling and walking on the hock. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1 , 2 Alternative names for this group of symptoms include motor conversion disorder/symptoms (diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth version (DSM IV)) and dissociative motor disorder (ICD-10). (bmj.com)
  • Such symptoms include constipation and increased frequency of stools or urinary tract infections. (rarediseases.org)
  • ICD-9-CM codes are used in medical billing and coding to describe diseases, injuries, symptoms and conditions. (icd9data.com)
  • This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Palate symptoms. (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • Nonspecific symptoms and gradual onset are more likely with mimics than with true transient ischemic attacks. (aafp.org)
  • Over the past 10 years, transient ischemic attack (TIA) has been redefined multiple times to reflect the transient nature of not only the symptoms, but also cerebral ischemia. (aafp.org)
  • Asymptomatic means there aren't any symptoms. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Small tumors often do not cause any symptoms (asymptomatic) and can usually be removed surgically after birth without difficulty. (rarediseases.org)
  • In adults, sacrococcygeal teratomas may not cause symptoms (asymptomatic). (rarediseases.org)
  • Symptoms are generally the same as those seen in food-borne botulism, except gastrointestinal symptoms are absent. (medscape.com)
  • Anti-HMGCR antibodies were absent before symptoms and increased to 100 U (cutoff 20 U) when the patient presented with symptoms. (aacc.org)
  • With increasing exposure dose, the likelihood and severity of symptoms can be expected to increase. (cdc.gov)
  • The severity and chronicity of functional motor symptoms argues for larger prospective studies including multiple prognostic factors at baseline in order to better understand their natural history. (bmj.com)
  • During your appointment with your doctor, they will inquire about your specific symptoms, including their severity and duration. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Levels of inflammatory cytokines (interleukins 1 and 6 and tumour necrosis factor- α ) are proportional to the severity of symptoms and risk of adverse outcome, suggesting a role for adjunctive corticosteroids in treatment. (mja.com.au)
  • MRI has a central role in the assessment of the RPON, especially to distinguish orbital, parasellar, or posterior fossa lesions that mimic symptoms of RPON. (hindawi.com)
  • Even so, there are some disorders that might account for the symptoms, such as an anemia, excessive production of cholesterol, or low blood sugar. (petmd.com)
  • INTRODUCTION: Functional motor disorders are often delineated according to the dominant motor symptom. (rug.nl)
  • The large overlap in symptoms contributes to the hypothesis of shared underlying mechanisms of functional motor disorders. (rug.nl)
  • Symptoms of the disorders below may be similar to those of Adie Syndrome. (disabled-world.com)
  • Review further information on Palate symptoms Treatments . (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • The symptoms of PD can be treated successfully using drug therapy or surgery, and these treatments may also have visual side effects. (hindawi.com)
  • Self-report showed large overlap in motor symptoms. (rug.nl)
  • Conclusions Existing follow-up studies of functional motor symptoms give us some insights regarding outcome and prognostic factors but are limited by their largely retrospective and selective nature. (bmj.com)
  • We aimed to systematically review all follow-up studies of functional motor symptoms. (bmj.com)
  • Long-term suppression of extrapyramidal motor symptoms with deep brain stimulation (DBS). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Motor symptoms progressed to paresis of the right arm and hand and both legs. (neurology.org)
  • Despite the emphasis on motor function in PD, nonmotor symptoms may also play a significant role in determining the general quality of life of the patient. (hindawi.com)