Medicago truncatula: A plant species of the family FABACEAE used to study GENETICS because it is DIPLOID, self fertile, has a small genome, and short generation time.Medicago: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. It is distinct from Sweet Clover (MELILOTUS), from Bush Clover (LESPEDEZA), and from Red Clover (TRIFOLIUM).Symbiosis: The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.Medicago sativa: A plant species of the family FABACEAE widely cultivated for ANIMAL FEED.Sinorhizobium meliloti: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes formation of root nodules on some, but not all, types of sweet clover, MEDICAGO SATIVA, and fenugreek.Root Nodules, Plant: Knobbed structures formed from and attached to plant roots, especially of LEGUMES, which result from symbiotic infection by nitrogen fixing bacteria such as RHIZOBIUM or FRANKIA. Root nodules are structures related to MYCORRHIZAE formed by symbiotic associations with fungi.Plant Root Nodulation: The formation of a nitrogen-fixing cell mass on PLANT ROOTS following symbiotic infection by nitrogen-fixing bacteria such as RHIZOBIUM or FRANKIA.Mycorrhizae: Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Nitrogen Fixation: The process in certain BACTERIA; FUNGI; and CYANOBACTERIA converting free atmospheric NITROGEN to biologically usable forms of nitrogen, such as AMMONIA; NITRATES; and amino compounds.Gene Expression Regulation, Plant: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Lotus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. This genus was formerly known as Tetragonolobus. The common name of lotus is also used for NYMPHAEA and NELUMBO.Rhizobium: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that activate PLANT ROOT NODULATION in leguminous plants. Members of this genus are nitrogen-fixing and common soil inhabitants.Aphanomyces: A genus of OOMYCETES in the family Saprolegniaceae. It causes root rot in plants and is also a pathogen of FISHES.Fabaceae: The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.Sinorhizobium: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, nonsporeforming rods which usually contain granules of poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)Glomeromycota: A phylum of fungi that are mutualistic symbionts and form ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAE with PLANT ROOTS.Genome, Plant: The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.RNA, Plant: Ribonucleic acid in plants having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Synteny: The presence of two or more genetic loci on the same chromosome. Extensions of this original definition refer to the similarity in content and organization between chromosomes, of different species for example.Indoleacetic Acids: Acetic acid derivatives of the heterocyclic compound indole. (Merck Index, 11th ed)Expressed Sequence Tags: Partial cDNA (DNA, COMPLEMENTARY) sequences that are unique to the cDNAs from which they were derived.Agrobacterium: A genus of gram negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in soil, plants, and marine mud.Rhizobiaceae: A family of gram-negative bacteria which are saprophytes, symbionts, or plant pathogens.Plant Shoots: New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.Naphthaleneacetic Acids: Naphthalene derivatives containing the -CH2CCO2H radical at the 1-position, the 2-position, or both. Compounds are used as plant growth regulators to delay sprouting, exert weed control, thin fruit, etc.Cytokinins: Plant hormones that promote the separation of daughter cells after mitotic division of a parent cell. Frequently they are purine derivatives.Plant Growth Regulators: Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.Aphids: A family (Aphididae) of small insects, in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, that suck the juices of plants. Important genera include Schizaphis and Myzus. The latter is known to carry more than 100 virus diseases between plants.Peas: A variable annual leguminous vine (Pisum sativum) that is cultivated for its rounded smooth or wrinkled edible protein-rich seeds, the seed of the pea, and the immature pods with their included seeds. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1973)Colletotrichum: A genus of mitosporic Phyllachoraceae fungi which contains at least 40 species of plant parasites. They have teleomorphs in the genus Glomerella (see PHYLLACHORALES).Seedling: Very young plant after GERMINATION of SEEDS.Plant Diseases: Diseases of plants.Lens Plant: A plant genus of the FABACEAE family known for the seeds used as food.Soybeans: An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.Ethylenes: Derivatives of ethylene, a simple organic gas of biological origin with many industrial and biological use.Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Pulvinus: A group of cells at the base of a leaf in certain plants that, by rapidly losing water, brings about changes in the position of the leaves. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Plant Epidermis: A thin layer of cells forming the outer integument of seed plants and ferns. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Proanthocyanidins: Dimers and oligomers of flavan-3-ol units (CATECHIN analogs) linked mainly through C4 to C8 bonds to leucoanthocyanidins. They are structurally similar to ANTHOCYANINS but are the result of a different fork in biosynthetic pathways.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Leghemoglobin: A hemoglobin-like oxygen-binding hemeprotein present in the nitrogen-fixing root nodules of leguminous plants. The red pigment has a molecular weight approximately 1/4 that of hemoglobin and has been suggested to act as an oxido-reduction catalyst in symbiotic nitrogen fixation.Thioredoxin h: A thioredoxin subtype that is ubiquitously found in the plant kingdom. It reduces a variety of seed storage proteins and may play a role in the germination process of seeds.Chromosomes, Plant: Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Phosphate Transport Proteins: Membrane proteins that are involved in the active transport of phosphate.Orobanche: A plant genus of the family OROBANCHACEAE. Lacking chlorophyll, they are nonphotosynthetic parasitic plants. The common name is similar to Broom or Scotch Broom (CYTISUS) or Butcher's Broom (RUSCUS) or Desert Broom (BACCHARIS) or Spanish Broom (SPARTIUM) or Brome (BROMUS).Plant Vascular Bundle: A strand of primary conductive plant tissue consisting essentially of XYLEM, PHLOEM, and CAMBIUM.Lupinus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that is a source of SPARTEINE, lupanine and other lupin alkaloids.Phloem: Plant tissue that carries nutrients, especially sucrose, by turgor pressure. Movement is bidirectional, in contrast to XYLEM where it is only upward. Phloem originates and grows outwards from meristematic cells (MERISTEM) in the vascular cambium. P-proteins, a type of LECTINS, are characteristically found in phloem.Germination: The initial stages of the growth of SEEDS into a SEEDLINGS. The embryonic shoot (plumule) and embryonic PLANT ROOTS (radicle) emerge and grow upwards and downwards respectively. Food reserves for germination come from endosperm tissue within the seed and/or from the seed leaves (COTYLEDON). (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Aliivibrio fischeri: A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus ALIIVIBRIO, which exhibits LUMINESCENCE. A. fischeri is found in a symbiotic relationship with the SQUID Euprymna scolopes.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Phaseolus: A plant genus in the family FABACEAE which is the source of edible beans and the lectin PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS.Multigene Family: A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Meristem: A group of plant cells that are capable of dividing infinitely and whose main function is the production of new growth at the growing tip of a root or stem. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Oxylipins: Eighteen-carbon cyclopentyl polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from ALPHA-LINOLENIC ACID via an oxidative pathway analogous to the EICOSANOIDS in animals. Biosynthesis is inhibited by SALICYLATES. A key member, jasmonic acid of PLANTS, plays a similar role to ARACHIDONIC ACID in animals.Plant Stems: Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Lignin: The most abundant natural aromatic organic polymer found in all vascular plants. Lignin together with cellulose and hemicellulose are the major cell wall components of the fibers of all wood and grass species. Lignin is composed of coniferyl, p-coumaryl, and sinapyl alcohols in varying ratios in different plant species. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Microscopy, Ultraviolet: Microscopy in which the image is formed by ultraviolet radiation and is displayed and recorded by means of photographic film.
"Aging in Legume Symbiosis. A Molecular View on Nodule Senescence in Medicago truncatula". Plant Physiology Review. 141 (2): ... SUNN in Medicago truncatula) are essential for autoregulation of nodulation (AON). Mutation leading to loss of function in ... "Host-secreted antimicrobial peptide enforces symbiotic selectivity in Medicago truncatula". PNAS. 114 (26): 6854-6859. doi: ... Actinorhizal symbioses account for roughly the same amount of nitrogen fixation as rhizobial symbioses. All of these orders ...
"Aging in Legume Symbiosis. A Molecular View on Nodule Senescence in Medicago truncatula". Plant Physiology. 141 (2): 711-20. ... "The Role of Flavonoids in Root Nodule Development and Auxin Transport in Medicago truncatula". The Plant Cell. 18 (7): 1539- ... SUNN in Medicago truncatula) are essential for autoregulation of nodulation (AON). Mutation leading to loss of function in ... "Host-secreted antimicrobial peptide enforces symbiotic selectivity in Medicago truncatula". PNAS. 114 (26): 6854-6859. doi: ...
Genetics, Molecular biology, Agronomy) Medicago truncatula is a model legume, closely related to the common alfalfa. Its rather ... It is used to study the symbiosis responsible for nitrogen fixation. (Agronomy, Molecular biology) Mimulus guttatus is a model ... Lotus japonicus a model legume used to study the symbiosis responsible for nitrogen fixation. (Agronomy, Molecular biology) ... model for animal-bacterial symbiosis, bioluminescent vibrios Galleria mellonella (the greater wax moth), the larvae of which ...
Factor from Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Induces Symbiosis-Specific MtENOD11 Expression in Roots of Medicago truncatula". Plant ... This symbiosis is a highly evolved mutualistic relationship found between fungi and plants, the most prevalent plant symbiosis ... providing rapid spring colonization and early season symbiosis (McGonigle and Miller 1999). This early symbiosis allows plants ... AM symbiosis is ubiquitous among land plants, which suggests that mycorrhizas were present in the early ancestors of extant ...
"Aging in Legume Symbiosis. A Molecular View on Nodule Senescence in Medicago truncatula". Plant Physiology Review. 141 (2): ... SUNN Medicago truncatula's) on nodulatsiooni autoregulatsiooni (autoregulation of nodulation, AON) võtmekomponendid. AON- ... Nad esinevad näiteks niisugustes Faboideae alamsugukonna perekondades nagu Pisum (hernes), Medicago (lutsern), Trifolium ( ... Thread Networks in Developing Root Nodules Induced by the Symbiotic Bacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti on Medicago truncatula". ...
... including the model legume Medicago truncatula. This symbiosis results in a new plant organ termed a root nodule. The S. ... 2004). "The effect of rhizobiophages on Sinorhizobium meliloti-Medicago sativa symbiosis". Biology and Fertility of Soils. 39 ( ... Dakora, F. D., Joseph, C. M., & D. A. Phillips (1993). "Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) Root Exudates Contain Isoflavonoids in the ... lancerottense establishes nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with Lotus endemic to the Canary Islands and shows distinctive symbiotic ...
... and the roots of model legume Medicago truncatula. Among Harrison's most notable findings are that plants use hormone signaling ... to regulate AM fungi symbiosis and that phosphate transport is critical to the maintenance of this symbiosis. These discoveries ... and genomic techniques to investigate the developmental mechanisms underlying the symbiosis and phosphate transfer between ...
... working on beneficial Legume symbiosis in Medicago truncatula. He has been a Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award winner ... "Genetic analysis of calcium spiking responses in nodulation mutants of Medicago truncatula". Proceedings of the National ... The aim of the research is to engineer cereal crops such as Maize to undergo the beneficial Root Nodule symbiosis in order to ... Melinda Gates Foundation to begin the Engineering Nitrogen Symbiosis for Africa (ENSA) Project in collaboration with other ...
L. japonicus does have several similar characteristics to the legume Medicago truncatula, but they are phylogenetically ... particularly in reference to rhizobial and arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. Small genome size of about 470 Mb, diploid genome ...
MtMMPL1, a Medicago truncatula nodulin gene identified by transcriptomics, is said to represent a novel and specific marker for ... The possible role in the nitrogen-fixing symbiosis of a nodulin gene was investigated. The immune response of the plant to the ... The MtMMPL1 Early Nodulin is a novel member of the matrix metalloproteinase family with a role in Medicago truncatula infection ... The MtMMPL1 Early Nodulin is a novel member of the matrix metalloproteinase family with a role in Medicago truncatula infection ...
"Biochemical characterization of symbiosome membrane proteins from Medicago truncatula root nodules". Electrophoresis. 25 (3): ... The Geosiphon-Nostoc symbiosis, as by modern definitions, is not a lichen, since it is an intracellular association. Also, by ... The Geosiphon-Nostoc symbiosis is the only known fungal endosymbiosis with cyanobacteria and is characterised by a "siphonal ... It is the only member of the Glomeromycota to not form a symbiosis with terrestrial plants in the form of arbuscular mycorrhiza ...
Researcher Toby Kiers of VU University Amsterdam and associates used M. truncatula to study symbioses between plants and fungi ... The Medicago truncatula Consortium Medicago truncatula Hapmap Project TIGR's link to Genome Browser and Gene Index The Medicago ... NCGR European Research Programmes on the model legume Medicago truncatula Why sequence medicago truncatula?. ... Medicago truncatula, the barrelclover, strong-spined medick, barrel medic, or barrel medick, is a small annual legume native to ...
They now have been isolated also from soybean and the model legume Medicago truncatula. NFR5 lacks the classical activation ... A symbiosis is formed when legumes take up the bacteria. The rhizobia produce nitrogen for the plant, and the legumes produce ... Nod factors and a diffusible factor from arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi stimulate lateral root formation in Medicago truncatula ... At least three plant genes which are stimulated by Nod factors are also involved in the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. The ...
Wan X, Hontelez J, Lillo A, Guarnerio C, van de Peut D, Fedorova E, Bisseling T, Franssen H (2007). "Medicago truncatula ENOD40 ... "Comparison of nodule induction in legume and actinorhizal symbioses: the induction of actinorhizal nodules does not involve ... An interaction with a novel RNA-binding protein MtRBP1 (Medicago truncatula RNA-binding protein 1) investigated in the ... Staehelin C, Charon C, Boller T, Crespi M, Kondorosi A (2001). "Medicago truncatula plants overexpressing the early nodulin ...
"Differential expression of eight chitinase genes in Medicago truncatula roots during mycorrhiza formation, nodulation, and ... Other plant chitinases may be required for creating fungal symbioses. Although mammals do not produce chitin, they have two ...
"Short-chain chitin oligomers from arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi trigger nuclear Ca2+ spiking in Medicago truncatula roots and ... The process of branching is crucial to establish the symbiosis. Since this branching only occurs after the germination of the ...
"The Medicago genome provides insight into the evolution of rhizobial symbioses". Nature. Nature Publishing Group. 480 (7378): ... In December of the same year he studied Alfalfa and its close relative M. truncatula and discovered that, just like C. max and ...
"Differential expression of eight chitinase genes in Medicago truncatula roots during mycorrhiza formation, nodulation, and ... Other plant chitinases may be required for creating fungal symbioses.. Although mammals do not produce chitin, they have two ...
Hydrogen peroxide-regulated genes in the Medicago truncatula-Sinorhizobium meliloti symbiosis. New Phytologist, 198: 179-189. ... Table S3 Genes expressed in the meristematic or infection zone of Medicago truncatula nodules ... Table S4 Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-regulated genes of Arabidopsis and Medicago truncatula ...
A Medicago truncatula phosphate transporter indispensable for the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. Proceedings of the National ... Transcriptional response of Medicago truncatula sulphate transporters to arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis with and without ... The arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis influences sulfur starvation responses of Medicago truncatula. New Phytologist, 197: 606- ... The Medicago genome provides insight into the evolution of rhizobial symbioses. Nature 480: 520-524.. *PubMed, ...
Medicago truncatula IPD3 is a member of the common symbiotic signaling pathway required for rhizobial and mycorrhizal symbioses ... we characterized Medicago truncatula symbiotic mutants defective for rhizobial infection of nodule cells and colonization of ... and this involves a conserved symbiosis (Sym) signaling pathway. In order to identify plant genes required for intracellular ...
... truncatula; and the M. truncatula-Sinorhizobium meliloti symbiosis. Symbiosis of Medicago truncatula with arbuscular mycorrhiza ... The Model Legume Medicago truncatula starts with an examination of M. truncatula plant development; biosynthesis of natural ... truncatula; Medicago truncatula databases and computer programs; and more. Contains reviews, original research chapters, and ... This reference provides comprehensive coverage of the Model Legume Medicago truncatula. It features review chapters as well as ...
... truncatula; and the M. truncatula-Sinorhizobium meliloti symbiosis. Symbiosis of Medicago truncatula with arbuscular mycorrhiza ... 6.2.5. Encoding nuclear calcium oscillations in root symbioses. Myriam Charpentier. Section 7. Symbiosis of Medicago truncatula ... Saponins in Medicago truncatula: structures and activities. Pedro Da Silva. 4.3. Saponin synthesis in Medicago truncatula ... Signalling and infection events in the arbuscular mycorrhiza-M.truncatula symbiosis. 7.1.1. The symbiosis of Medicago ...
The Medicago truncatula sucrose synthase gene MtSucS1 is activated both in the infected region of root nodules and in the ... The Medicago truncatula MtRbohE gene is activated in arbusculated cells and is involved in root cortex colonization.. Belmondo ... Medicago truncatula truncated hemoglobin (Hb2) gene, promoter region, 5 UTR and partial cds. (EMBL: AY673965). Sequence length ... Medicago truncatula ENOD11: a novel RPRP-encoding early nodulin gene expressed during mycorrhization in arbuscule-containing ...
Medicago truncatula is able to perform a symbiotic association with Sinorhizobiumspp. This interaction leads to the formation ... Medicago truncatula DMI1 required for bacterial and fungal symbioses in legumes. Science 303:1364-1367PubMedCrossRefGoogle ... is also essential for infection by rhizobia in the nodule symbiosis of Medicago truncatula. Plant J 65:244-252PubMedCrossRef ... Medicago truncatula IPD3 is a member of the common symbiotic signaling pathway required for rhizobial and mycorrhizal symbioses ...
Symbiosis- and pathogenesis-related early protein induction patterns in the model legume Medicago truncatula were analysed with ... to quantitatively monitor early symbiosis- and pathogenesis-induced changes of the Medicago truncatula root proteome. Journal ... to quantitatively monitor early symbiosis- and pathogenesis-induced changes of the Medicago truncatula root proteome. Journal ... to quantitatively monitor early symbiosis- and pathogenesis-induced changes of the Medicago truncatula root proteome. Journal ...
Medicago truncatula is the model legume plant that is used to study symbiosis with mycorrhiza and with the bacteria ... Searching for the Genes that Encode Nodulation Symbiosis Between Medicago Truncatula and Rhizobia Description: Presentation for ... in the model legume Medicago truncatula, MtNPF1.7 is among them. MtNPF1.7 is important for M. truncatula growth and it has been ... Genetic Analysis of Medicago truncatula Plants with a Defective MtIRE Gene Description: Leguminous plants are able to fix ...
Sandal, N., T. R. Petersen, J. Murray, Y. Umehara, B. Karas et al., 2006 Genetics of symbiosis in Lotus Japonicus: recombinant ... Bean-Medicago synteny:. Positions of Leg markers in Medicago were found by Blastn searches against the Medicago pseudomolecules ... and Medicago truncatula (Mt). Vertical bars represent individual bean linkage groups (LG) or segments of Medicago ... Medicago truncatula, and soybean were aligned together with genomic sequence from Lotus or Medicago, and primer sites in ...
... expression of Receptor-like Cytoplasmic Kinases in Medicago truncatula during Rhizobial and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal symbioses ... Studies using mutant Medicago truncatula and Lotus japonicus have identified many genes that are necessary for this mutualism. ... expression of Receptor-like Cytoplasmic Kinases in Medicago truncatula during Rhizobial and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal symbioses. ... Using the Medicago Gene Expression Atlas (MtGEA) and in-house gene expression data three family Receptor-like Cytoplasmic ...
PUB1 Is Expressed during Symbiosis and Is Induced by NFs. To identify the expression profiles of PUB1 and its closest homologs ... Medicago truncatula Jemalong A17 (wild type) and NF signaling mutants nfp-2, lyk3-1 (hcl-1), dmi2-1 (tr25), dmi3-1 (trv25), ... 2000). Four genes of Medicago truncatula controlling components of a nod factor transduction pathway. Plant Cell 12: 1647-1666. ... 2001). The HCL gene of Medicago truncatula controls Rhizobium-induced root hair curling. Development 128: 1507-1518. ...
This volume discusses popular methods to achieve different types of mutagenesis and forward/reverse genetics in Medicago ... truncatula. Several studies on genetic control of developmental and metabolic p ... Physical Mutagenesis in Medicago truncatula Using Fast Neutron Bombardment (FNB) for Symbiosis and Developmental Biology ... Cutting-edge and thorough, Functional Genomics in Medicago truncatula: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for anyone ...
Additional keywords legume-rhizobia (LR) symbiosis . Page Content. ArticleCopyright. © 2005 The American Phytopathological ... The Medicago truncatula DMI2 gene encodes a receptorlike kinase required for establishing root endosymbioses. The DMI2 gene was ... Expression of the Medicago truncatula DMI2 Gene Suggests Roles of the Symbiotic Nodulation Receptor Kinase in Nodules and ...
Medicago truncatula DMI1 required for bacterial and fungal symbioses in legumes.. Ané JM, Kiss GB, Riely BK, Penmetsa RV, ... Medicago truncatula IPD3 is a member of the common symbiotic signaling pathway required for rhizobial and mycorrhizal symbioses ... Host-secreted antimicrobial peptide enforces symbiotic selectivity in Medicago truncatula.. Wang Q, Yang S, Liu J, Terecskei K ... Loss of the nodule-specific cysteine rich peptide, NCR169, abolishes symbiotic nitrogen fixation in the Medicago truncatula ...
2010) Medicago truncatula Vapyrin is a novel protein required for arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. Plant J 61(3):482-494. ... 2004) Medicago truncatula DMI1 required for bacterial and fungal symbioses in legumes. Science 303(5662):1364-1367. ... 2014) A H+-ATPase That Energizes Nutrient Uptake during Mycorrhizal Symbioses in Rice and Medicago truncatula. Plant Cell 26(4 ... 2007) A Medicago truncatula phosphate transporter indispensable for the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. Proc Natl Acad Sci ...
2010 Partner choice in Medicago truncatula-Sinorhizobium symbiosis. Proc. R. Soc. B 277, 1947-1951. (doi:10.1098/rspb.2009.2072 ... 2006 Molecular evolution and positive selection of the symbiotic gene NORK in Medicago truncatula. J. Mol. Evol. 62, 234-244. ( ... 2014 Identification of a dominant gene in Medicago truncatula that restricts nodulation by Sinorhizobium meliloti strain Rm41. ... Medicago lupulina is a common exotic that grows in roadsides, fields and disturbed habitats in North America. It is largely ...
2010 Partner choice in Medicago Truncatula-Sinorhizobium symbiosis. Proc. R. Soc. B 277, 1947-1951. (doi:10.1098/rspb.2009.2072 ... Although the symbiosis between legumes and rhizobia is among the best studied mutualisms, some important basic and applied ... 2010 Segregation in a mycorrhizal fungus alters rice growth and symbiosis-specific gene transcription. Curr. Biol. 20, 1216- ... 2011 Reciprocal rewards stabilize cooperation in the mycorrhizal symbiosis. Science 333, 880-882. (doi:10.1126/science.1208473) ...
1990). Medicago truncatula, a model plant for studying the molecular genetics of the Rhizobium-legume symbiosis. Plant Mol. ... 1998). Symbiosis-specific expression of two Medicago truncatula nodulin genes, MtN1 and MtN13, encoding products homologous to ... 1998). Genetic analysis of symbiosis mutants in Medicago truncatula. In Biological Nitrogen Fixation for the 21st Century, ... 1999). Medicago truncatula-A model in the making! Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 2, 301-304. ...
... we reported that silencing of the Medicago truncatula GTPase MtROP9 led to reduced ROS production and suppressed induction of ... In this study, we investigate the temporal proteome response of M. truncatula MtROP9i transgenic roots during the same ... In this study, we investigate the temporal proteome response of M. truncatula MtROP9i transgenic roots during the same ... we reported that silencing of the Medicago truncatula GTPase MtROP9 led to reduced ROS production and suppressed induction of ...
Potent Chimeric Antimicrobial Derivatives of the Medicago truncatula NCR247 Symbiotic Peptide Sat, 02/22/2020 - 03:28 ... In Rhizobium-legume symbiosis, the bacteria are converted into nitrogen-fixing bacteroids. In many legume species, ...
"Aging in Legume Symbiosis. A Molecular View on Nodule Senescence in Medicago truncatula". Plant Physiology Review. 141 (2): ... SUNN in Medicago truncatula) are essential for autoregulation of nodulation (AON). Mutation leading to loss of function in ... "Host-secreted antimicrobial peptide enforces symbiotic selectivity in Medicago truncatula". PNAS. 114 (26): 6854-6859. doi: ... Actinorhizal symbioses account for roughly the same amount of nitrogen fixation as rhizobial symbioses. All of these orders ...
Plants able to establish a nitrogen-fixing root nodule symbiosis with the actinobacterium Frankiaare called actinorhizal. These ... Svistoonoff S, Sy MO, Diagne N et al (2010) Infection-specific activation of the Medicago truncatula Enod11 early nodulin gene ... Journet EP, El-Gachtouli N, Vernoud V et al (2001) Medicago truncatula ENOD11: a novel RPRP-encoding early nodulin gene ... Marsh JF, Rakocevic A, Mitra RM et al (2007) Medicago truncatula NIN is essential for rhizobial-independent nodule ...
Medicago truncatula DMI1 required for bacterial and fungal symbioses in legumes SCIENCE Ane, J. M., Kiss, G. B., Riely, B. K., ... The Medicago truncatula DMI2 gene encodes a leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinase that is essential for symbiosis with ... The S. meliloti-Medicago truncatula (barrel medic) association is an important symbiosis model. The S. meliloti genome was ... The nitrogen-fixing symbiosis between Sinorhizobium meliloti and its leguminous host plant Medicago truncatula occurs in a ...
A Medicago truncatula phosphate transporter indispensable for the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S. ... 2008). A gene expression atlas of the model legume Medicago truncatula. Plant J. 55, 504-513. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-313X. ... Burleigh, S. H., Kristensen, B. K., and Benchmann, I. E. (2003). A plasma membrane zinc transporter from Medicago truncatula is ... 2015). Medicago truncatula natural resistance-associated macrophage protein1 is required for iron uptake by rhizobia-infected ...
GenesNodulesJaponicusSignaling pathwayArbuscular mycorrhizaFungiBacteriaGenomicsMycorrhizal symbiosesKinaseLegume-rhizobial symbiosisLotusPeptidesSpeciesPathwaysProteomeProteinGeneticGaertnProteinsModelRootPisumGeneticsIntracellularEstablishmentBarrel medicRhizobium-legume symbiosisTranscriptionalEvolution of rhizobialNodule senescencePutative
- Fig. S4 Relative expression of selected genes in untreated Medicago truncatula roots. (wiley.com)
- In order to identify plant genes required for intracellular accommodation of nitrogen-fixing bacteria and AM fungi, we characterized Medicago truncatula symbiotic mutants defective for rhizobial infection of nodule cells and colonization of root cells by AM hyphae. (nih.gov)
- The MtTrHb1 and MtTrHb2 genes of the model legume Medicago truncatula Gaertn. (uni-bielefeld.de)
- M.F. Vieweg, N. Hohnjec, and H. Küster, "Two genes encoding different truncated hemoglobins are regulated during root nodule and arbuscular mycorrhiza symbioses of Medicago truncatula", PLANTA , vol. 220, 2005, pp. 757-766. (uni-bielefeld.de)
- Thanks to direct and reverse genetic as well as transcriptomic approaches, numerous genes involved in this symbiosis have been described and improve our understanding of this fantastic association. (springer.com)
- Studies using mutant Medicago truncatula and Lotus japonicus have identified many genes that are necessary for this mutualism. (uea.ac.uk)
- Some of these genes have also been shown to be necessary for symbiosis with arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (AMF). (uea.ac.uk)
- These common genes make up part of a signalling pathway known as the common symbiosis pathway (CSP) which serves to prepare the plant for the entry of the symbiont into the root. (uea.ac.uk)
- Using the Medicago Gene Expression Atlas (MtGEA) and in-house gene expression data three family Receptor-like Cytoplasmic Kinase (RLCK) genes were identified in M. truncatula which were differentially regulated during rhizobial and AMF colonisation. (uea.ac.uk)
- Suppression of NB-LRR genes by miRNAs promotes nitrogen-fixing nodule development in Medicago truncatula. (nih.gov)
- Comparative transcriptome analysis of Medicago versus Arabidopsis revealed significant divergence in developmental expression profiles of orthologous genes, which indicates that phylogenetic analysis alone is insufficient to predict the function of orthologs in different species. (deepdyve.com)
- contains a cluster of paralogous LysM-RLK genes, one of which is known to participate in symbiosis. (frontiersin.org)
- PsK1 and PsSym37 , two symbiosis-related LysM-RLK genes with known sequences, and the unsequenced PsSym2 gene which presumably encodes a LysM-RLK and is associated with increased selectivity to certain Nod factors. (frontiersin.org)
- Footprints of selection pressure were detected via comparative analyses of SNP distribution across the first exons of these genes and their homologs MtLYK2, MtLYK3 , and MtLYK4 from M. truncatula retrieved from the Medicago Hapmap project. (frontiersin.org)
- Evidence of positive selection affecting primarily LysM domains was found in all three investigated M. truncatula genes, as well as in the pea gene PsLykX . (frontiersin.org)
- MtNramp1 shows the highest expression in the nodule among the seven Nramp genes present in M. truncatula genome. (upm.es)
- Can we identify other necessary metabolic and signaling pathways by cloning additional symbiosis genes? (umass.edu)
- We are identifying the genes corresponding to M. truncatula mutants unable to sustain productive nitrogen-fixing symbiosis. (umass.edu)
- Identifying these genes should lead to breakthroughs in understanding the molecular mechanisms of symbiosis. (umass.edu)
- A productive nitrogen-fixing symbiosis requires the coordinated action of a large number of host genes. (umass.edu)
- CONCLUSIONS: Evolution of symbiosis specificity involves both rhizobial and host genes. (uky.edu)
- Mutants in the orthologous cytokinin receptor genes MtCRE1 and LjLHK1 in M. truncatula and L. japonicus , respectively, are severely affected in nodule formation. (wur.nl)
- Inoculation of the M. truncatula cultivar "Jemalong" with the pathogenic fungus Colletotrichum trifolii induced a hypersensitive response and the expression of both genes. (springer.com)
- DMI3 , a Medicago truncatula gene that acts immediately downstream of calcium spiking in this signaling pathway and is required for both nodulation and mycorrhizal infection, has high sequence similarity to genes encoding calcium and calmodulin-dependent protein kinases (CCaMKs). (sciencemag.org)
- Genetic studies in the model legumes Medicago truncatula and Lotus japonicus have led to the identification of genes involved in the perception and transduction of Nod factors. (sciencemag.org)
- In M. truncatula , three downstream genes, DMI1, DMI2 , and DMI3 , are required for both nodulation and the formation of arbuscular mycorrhizae (the AM symbiosis). (sciencemag.org)
- Intrapopulation genomics in a model mutualist: Population structure and candidate symbiosis genes under selection in Medicago truncatula. (semanticscholar.org)
- At least three of these genes do not function exclusively in the Rhizobium symbiosis but are also essential for the formation of mycorrhiza, an endosymbiosis found in many higher plant species. (nih.gov)
- To discover how plants control the amount of fungal colonization, Harrison and colleagues looked at genes that encode short proteins called CLE peptides in the species Medicago truncatula and Brachypodium distachyon . (nsf.gov)
- The researchers found that two of these CLE genes are key modulators of AM fungal symbiosis. (nsf.gov)
- Several genes required for the development of these symbioses have been cloned in model legumes. (botanyconference.org)
- The NCR gene family is extremely large in Medicago with about 600 genes. (biomedcentral.com)
- Here we used the Medicago truncatula Gene Expression Atlas (MtGEA) and other published microarray data to analyze the expression of 334 NCR genes in 267 different experimental conditions. (biomedcentral.com)
- During symbiosis, none of the genes are induced by Nod factors. (biomedcentral.com)
- According to their Shannon entropy, a measure expressing tissue specificity of gene expression, the NCR genes are among the most specifically expressed genes in M. truncatula . (biomedcentral.com)
- Comparative transcriptomics of P. andersonii and the legume Medicago truncatula revealed utilization of at least 290 orthologous symbiosis genes in nodules. (wur.nl)
- Parallel loss of these symbiosis genes indicates that these nonnodulating lineages lost the potential to nodulate. (wur.nl)
- M. truncatula incomplete root elongation (MtIRE) was localized to the infection zone, which is zone II of indeterminate nodules. (unt.edu)
- NAD1 Controls Defense-Like Responses in Medicago truncatula Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixing Nodules Following Rhizobial Colonization in a BacA-Independent Manner. (nih.gov)
- Like other symbiotic interactions, actinorhizal nodulation involves elaborate signalling between both partners of the symbiosis, leading to specific recognition between the plant and its compatible microbial partner, its accommodation inside plant cells and the development of functional root nodules. (springer.com)
- Leguminous plants (peas and beans) are major players in global nitrogen cycling by virtue of their symbioses with nitrogen-fixing bacteria that are harbored in specialized structures, called nodules, on the plant's roots. (sciencemag.org)
- It was found that inside Medicago truncatula nodules, NFP and LYK3 localize at the cell periphery in a narrow zone of about two cell layers at the nodule apex. (uva.nl)
- Furthermore, our Forster resonance energy transfer-fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy analysis indicates that NFP and LYK3 form heteromeric complexes at the cell periphery in M. truncatula nodules. (uva.nl)
- Certain members of the CLAVATA3/Embryo Surrounding Region (CLE) peptide family, specifically MtCLE12 and MtCLE13 in Medicago truncatula, act in the systemic autoregulation of nodulation (AON) pathway that negatively regulates the number of nodules. (ugent.be)
- To better understand this involvement, the drought-induced changes in expression and content of enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of Met, S-adenosyl-Lmethionine (SAM) and ethylene in M. truncatula root and nodules were analyzed using targeted approaches. (unavarra.es)
- Results presented here show that S availability is not a limiting factor in the drought-induced decline of nitrogen fixation rates in M. truncatula plants and provide evidences for a downregulation of the Met and ethylene biosynthesis pathways in roots and nodules in response to water-deficit conditions. (unavarra.es)
- We analysed very early symbiotic responses of Medicago truncatula root hair cells, by stimulation with lipochitinoligosaccharides specific for the induction of nodules (Nod-LCOs), or the interaction with mycorrhiza (Myc-LCOs). (uni-wuerzburg.de)
- Hemoglobin LjGlb1-1 is involved in nodulation and regulates the level of nitric oxide in the Lotus japonicus-Mesorhizobium loti symbiosis. (uni-bielefeld.de)
- Lotus japonicus a model legume used to study the symbiosis responsible for nitrogen fixation. (wikipedia.org)
- especially in Lotus japonicus and Medicago truncatula , two species that serve as model. (wur.nl)
- Studies on M. truncatula, L. japonicus and Parasponia showed, amongst others, that nodule formation is initiated upon perception of rhizobial secreted lipo-chitooligosaccharide (LCO) signals. (wur.nl)
- Rhizobial and mycorrhizal symbioses in Lotus japonicus require lectin nucleotide phosphohydrolase, which acts upstream of calcium signaling. (labome.org)
- Our previous work has identified an MAP kinase kinase, SIP2, as a SymRK-interacting protein to positively regulate nodule organogenesis in Lotus japonicus, suggesting that an MAPK cascade might be involved in Rhizobium-legume symbiosis. (scoop.it)
- Genetic analyses in the legume species Lotus japonicus and Medicago truncatula have led to the identification of many components of the NF signaling cascade. (nih.gov)
- Medicago truncatula IPD3 is a member of the common symbiotic signaling pathway required for rhizobial and mycorrhizal symbioses. (nih.gov)
- Both symbiotic interactions require a molecular signal exchange between the plant and the symbiont, and this involves a conserved symbiosis (Sym) signaling pathway. (nih.gov)
- Symbiosis of Medicago truncatula with arbuscular mycorrhiza comes next, followed by chapters on the common symbiotic signaling pathway (CSSP or SYM) and infection events in the Rhizobium-legume symbiosis. (wiley.com)
- dmi1 , dmi2 , and dmi3 mutants are also unable to establish a symbiotic association with endomycorrhizal fungi, indicating that there are at least three common steps to nodulation and endomycorrhization in M. truncatula and providing further evidence for a common signaling pathway between nodulation and mycorrhization. (plantcell.org)
- These activate a signaling pathway that is largely shared between both symbioses. (wur.nl)
- The intracellular accommodation of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi is a paradigmatic feature of this plant symbiosis that depends on the activation of a dedicated signaling pathway and the extensive reprogramming of host cells, including striking changes in nuclear size and transcriptional activity. (infona.pl)
- Researcher Toby Kiers of VU University Amsterdam and associates used M. truncatula to study symbioses between plants and fungi - and to see whether the partners in the relationship could distinguish between good and bad traders/suppliers. (wikipedia.org)
- Introduction Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi are worldwidedistributed soil fungi, forming symbiosis with most plant families. (scribd.com)
- Historically, the two types of symbioses have been investigated separately because arbuscular mycorrhizal and ectomycorrhizal plant species are considered to host discrete sets of fungal symbionts (i.e., arbuscular mycorrhizal and ectomycorrhizal fungi, respectively). (scoop.it)
- Tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum ) establishes a beneficial symbiosis with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. (biomedcentral.com)
- Towards that end, we have started to work on an additional plant model organism, Medicago truncatula, that is host to both nitrogen-fixing bacteria (nodulation) and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. (osu.edu)
- Most crops can form symbiosis with fungi to gain key nutrients. (seedworld.com)
- By measuring the levels of various substances in the shoots of the legume, which lives in symbiosis with fungi, and combining the results with large-scale genetic studies, the researchers have found that the levels of secondary substances (flavonoids and terpenoids) rise in the shoots as a result of the increased hormonal levels. (seedworld.com)
- Arbuscular mycorrhizas (AMs) between plants and soil fungi are widespread symbioses with a major role in soil nutrient uptake. (infona.pl)
- One of the most ecologically important and well-studied legume beneficial symbioses is root nodule (RN) symbiosis (symbiotic association with nitrogen-fixing bacteria). (intechopen.com)
- The rhizobium - legume symbiosis is a complex process that involves genetic cooperation from both bacteria and plants. (byu.edu)
- Cutting-edge and thorough, Functional Genomics in Medicago truncatula: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for anyone interested in learning more about this developing field. (springer.com)
- Medicago truncatula , a close relative of alfalfa, is a preeminent model for the study of the processes of nitrogen fixation, symbiosis, and legume genomics. (jcvi.org)
- Therefore, Medicago truncatula, which has a relatively small diploid genome, has been adopted as a model species for legume genomics. (deepdyve.com)
- RLCK1 and RLCK2 possibly have partially redundant or synergistic roles during rhizobial and arbuscular mycorrhizal symbioses. (uea.ac.uk)
- The Medicago truncatula DMI3 gene encodes a calcium- and calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CCaMK) that is necessary for the establishment of both rhizobial and mycorrhizal symbioses. (apsnet.org)
- In a screen for LYK3-interacting proteins, we identified M. truncatula Plant U-box protein 1 (PUB1) as an interactor of the kinase domain. (plantcell.org)
- The Medicago truncatula DMI2 gene encodes a receptorlike kinase required for establishing root endosymbioses. (apsnet.org)
- The authors report here the isolation and characterization of the first AGC kinase gene identified in Medicago truncatula, MtIRE. (unt.edu)
- Symbiosis receptor-like kinase (SymRK) is a key protein mediating the legume-Rhizobium symbiosis. (scoop.it)
- My project focused on characterizing the role of a novel serine/threonine protein kinase in regulating mycorrhization of the legume model plant Medicago truncatula . (openwetware.org)
- A nonRD receptor-like kinase prevents nodule early senescence and defense-like reactions during symbiosis. (bio-protocol.org)
- Oldroyd GED, Murray JD, Poole PS, Downie JA (2011) The rules of engagement in the Legume-Rhizobial symbiosis. (springer.com)
- The establishment of the legume-rhizobial symbiosis begins with mutual recognition of the partners. (frontiersin.org)
- Thus, cloning and characterization of Mt-NS1 will add a new dimension to our knowledge about the genetic control of nodulation specificity in the legume-rhizobial symbiosis. (uky.edu)
- Extensive macrosynteny between Lotus and bean was uncovered on 8 of the 11 bean chromosomes and large blocks of macrosynteny were also found between bean and Medicago. (genetics.org)
- Lotus and Medicago are equally closely related to the bean and equally distantly related to Arachis ( D oyle and L uckow 2003 ). (genetics.org)
- Symbioses allow diverse species to achieve feats unattainable by individual members. (umass.edu)
- Blondon F, Marie D, Brown S, Kondorosi A (1994) Genome size and base composition in Medicago sativa and M. truncatula species. (springer.com)
- To test this hypothesis, we examined whether a CCaMK gene from a nonlegume species was able to restore the rhizobial symbiotic properties of a M. truncatula dmi3 mutant. (apsnet.org)
- Medicago has been chosen as a model because of its relative small and simply organized genome (~500 Mbps), fast generation time, the availability of numerous ecotypes and its phylogenetic relation with important crop species like alfalfa (Medicago sativa), pea (Pisum sativum), white clover (Trifolium repens), red clover (Trifolium pratense), and faba bean (Vicia faba). (wur.nl)
- All these crop species have a rather large and complicated genome organization, and the Medicago genome can be used for as reference. (wur.nl)
- Since these genetic screens have been done in great depth, not only in Medicago but also other legume plant species, it can be concluded that most -if not all- components of the Nod signaling cascade that can be identified genetically have been cloned. (wur.nl)
- With respect to hormone-regulation, A. euteiches infection led to induction of ABA-related pathways, while auxin-related pathways are induced during symbiosis. (uni-bielefeld.de)
- Recent proteomic work carried out in the model legume Medicago truncatula provided the first indications of a possible involvement of nodule methionine (Met) biosynthesis and related pathways in response to waterdeficit conditions. (unavarra.es)
- Fig. S3 HyPer protein production in composite plants of Medicago truncatula . (wiley.com)
- Symbiosis- and pathogenesis-related early protein induction patterns in the model legume Medicago truncatula were analysed with two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis. (uni-bielefeld.de)
- Symbiosis-related protein induction includes a typical factor of early symbiosis-specific signalling (CaM-2), two Ran-binding proteins of nucleocytoplasmic signalling, and a set of energy-related enzymes together with proteins involved in symbiosis-initiated C- and N-fixation. (uni-bielefeld.de)
- Because fixed nitrogen is frequently the scarcest soil nutrient for plants, this symbiosis has significant economic and ecological impacts: legume crops provide a large portion of the protein in the human diet without nitrogen fertilizers. (umass.edu)
- What is the role of a nodule-specific protein secretory pathway in establishing and maintaining symbiosis? (umass.edu)
- We identified a protein secretory pathway specifically activated in the nodule to establish symbiosis. (umass.edu)
- The nodule-specific PLAT-domain protein NPD1 is required for nitrogen-fixing symbiosis. (noble.org)
- Among them, the M. truncatula DMI1 protein shares strong homologies with prokaryotic ion channels such as MthK. (botanyconference.org)
- This reference provides comprehensive coverage of the Model Legume Medicago truncatula. (wiley.com)
- The Model Legume Medicago truncatula is an excellent book for researchers and upper level graduate students in microbial ecology, environmental microbiology, plant genetics and biochemistry. (wiley.com)
- Arrighi JF, Cartieaux F, Brown SC, Rodier-Goud M, Boursot M, Fardoux J et al (2012) Aeschynomene evenia , a model plant for studying the molecular genetics of the nod-independent rhizobium-legume symbiosis. (springer.com)
- An improved genome release (version Mt4.0) for the model legume Medicago truncatula. (jcvi.org)
- In the model legume Medicago truncatula, iron is delivered by the vasculature and released in the apoplast on the zone II of the nodule (infection/maturation zone). (upm.es)
- A three-year NSF-funded postdoctoral position is available immediately in the laboratory of Dr. Jean-Michel Ané ( http://agronomy.wisc.edu/symbiosis/ ) to study ion fluxes in response to symbiotic signals using the model legume Medicago truncatula. (bio.net)
- Concerning the AM symbiosis, only the MtTrHb2 promoter mediated an expression in arbuscule-containing cells and in the root vascular tissue of mycorrhizal root segments colonized by the fungus Glomus intraradices. (uni-bielefeld.de)
- The Medicago truncatula MtRbohE gene is activated in arbusculated cells and is involved in root cortex colonization. (uni-bielefeld.de)
- Popp C, Ott T (2011) Regulation of signal transduction and bacterial infection during root nodule symbiosis. (springer.com)
- A screen for supernodulating Medicago truncatula mutants defective in this regulatory behavior yielded loss-of-function alleles of a gene designated ROOT DETERMINED NODULATION1 ( RDN1 ). (plantphysiol.org)
- During arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis, cells within the root cortex develop a matrix-filled apoplastic compartment in which differentiated AM fungal hyphae called arbuscules reside. (scoop.it)
- A switch in Ca2+ spiking signature is concomitant with endosymbiotic microbe entry into cortical root cells of Medicago truncatula. (semanticscholar.org)
- The central theme of the current research of the Medicago Group is to unravel the functioning of this Nod factor signaling network during different steps in root nodule formation and Rhizobium infection. (wur.nl)
- In indeterminate nodulators such as pea ( Pisum sativum ) and alfalfa ( Medicago sativa ) the inner cortical cells leave the G0 stage of the cell cycle and begin to divide. (plantphysiol.org)
- Lämmastiku fikseerimisse panustavate taimede seas on esikohal liblikõieliste ( Fabaceae ) sugukond, mis sisaldab niisuguseid inimese seisukohast tähtsaid perekondi nagu Phaseolus ( aeduba ), Glycine ( sojauba ), Arachis ( maapähkel ), Medicago ( lutsern ), Trifolium ( ristik ), Pisum ( hernes ). (wikipedia.org)
- Gene expression profiling of M. truncatula transcription factors identifies putative regulators of grain legume seed filling. (jcvi.org)
- A parallel group known as the International Medicago Gene Annotation Group (IMGAG) is responsible for identifying and describing putative gene sequences within the genome sequence. (wikipedia.org)