Suspensions: Colloids with liquid continuous phase and solid dispersed phase; the term is used loosely also for solid-in-gas (AEROSOLS) and other colloidal systems; water-insoluble drugs may be given as suspensions.Hindlimb Suspension: Technique for limiting use, activity, or movement by immobilizing or restraining animal by suspending from hindlimbs or tails. This immobilization is used to simulate some effects of reduced gravity and study weightlessness physiology.Accidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Motor Vehicles: AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Automobile Driving: The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.Noise, Transportation: Noise associated with transportation, particularly aircraft and automobiles.Automobiles: A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel. (Webster, 1973)Transportation: The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Motorcycles: Two-wheeled, engine-driven vehicles.Programming Languages: Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Vehicle Emissions: Gases, fumes, vapors, and odors escaping from the cylinders of a gasoline or diesel internal-combustion engine. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Computer Graphics: The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.Computational Biology: A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.Product Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Automobile Driver Examination: Government required written and driving test given to individuals prior to obtaining an operator's license.Drug Packaging: Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for drugs and BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS. These include those in ampule, capsule, tablet, solution or other forms. Packaging includes immediate-containers, secondary-containers, and cartons. In the United States, such packaging is controlled under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act which also stipulates requirements for tamper-resistance and child-resistance. Similar laws govern use elsewhere. (From Code of Federal Regulations, 21 CFR 1 Section 210, 1993) DRUG LABELING is also available.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Bicycling: The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Railroads: Permanent roads having a line of rails fixed to ties and laid to gage, usually on a leveled or graded ballasted roadbed and providing a track for freight cars, passenger cars, and other rolling stock. Cars are designed to be drawn by locomotives or sometimes propelled by self-contained motors. (From Webster's 3d) The concept includes the organizational and administrative aspects of railroads as well.Particle Size: Relating to the size of solids.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Accident Prevention: Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.Product Packaging: Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis: Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.Software Validation: The act of testing the software for compliance with a standard.Cell SeparationInternet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Cell Culture Techniques: Methods for maintaining or growing CELLS in vitro.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Environment Design: The structuring of the environment to permit or promote specific patterns of behavior.Data Interpretation, Statistical: Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Databases, Genetic: Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.Genomics: The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.Erythrocytes: Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.Geographic Information Systems: Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.Colloids: Two-phase systems in which one is uniformly dispersed in another as particles small enough so they cannot be filtered or will not settle out. The dispersing or continuous phase or medium envelops the particles of the discontinuous phase. All three states of matter can form colloids among each other.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Cell Aggregation: The phenomenon by which dissociated cells intermixed in vitro tend to group themselves with cells of their own type.Computing Methodologies: Computer-assisted analysis and processing of problems in a particular area.Food Packaging: Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for processed and raw foods and beverages. It includes packaging intended to be used for storage and also used for preparation of foods such as microwave food containers versus COOKING AND EATING UTENSILS. Packaging materials may be intended for food contact or designated non-contact, for example, shipping containers. FOOD LABELING is also available.Software Design: Specifications and instructions applied to the software.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Microspheres: Small uniformly-sized spherical particles, of micrometer dimensions, frequently labeled with radioisotopes or various reagents acting as tags or markers.Seat Belts: Restraining belts fastened to the frame of automobiles, aircraft, or other vehicles, and strapped around the person occupying the seat in the car or plane, intended to prevent the person from being thrown forward or out of the vehicle in case of sudden deceleration.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Air Pollutants: Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Freezing: Liquids transforming into solids by the removal of heat.Methods: A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.Cell Adhesion: Adherence of cells to surfaces or to other cells.Cities: A large or important municipality of a country, usually a major metropolitan center.Police: Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.Construction Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of building.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Drug Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a drug container or wrapper. It includes contents, indications, effects, dosages, routes, methods, frequency and duration of administration, warnings, hazards, contraindications, side effects, precautions, and other relevant information.ComputersModels, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Database Management Systems: Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Abbreviated Injury Scale: Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).Kveim Test: Intradermal injection of a heated (pasteurized) saline suspension of sarcoid tissue obtained from a sarcoid spleen or lymph node. In patients with active sarcoidosis a dusky red nodule develops slowly over the next few weeks at the injection site. Histologic examination, an essential part of the complete test, reveals sarcoid tissue.Flocculation: The aggregation of suspended solids into larger clumps.Weightlessness Simulation: Condition under normal Earth gravity where the force of gravity itself is not actually altered but its influence or effect may be modified and studied. (From ASGSB Bull 1992;5(2):27)Cytological Techniques: Methods used to study CELLS.Culture Techniques: Methods of maintaining or growing biological materials in controlled laboratory conditions. These include the cultures of CELLS; TISSUES; organs; or embryo in vitro. Both animal and plant tissues may be cultured by a variety of methods. Cultures may derive from normal or abnormal tissues, and consist of a single cell type or mixed cell types.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Filtration: A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.Rheology: The study of the deformation and flow of matter, usually liquids or fluids, and of the plastic flow of solids. The concept covers consistency, dilatancy, liquefaction, resistance to flow, shearing, thixotrophy, and VISCOSITY.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Aircraft: A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)Bacteriological Techniques: Techniques used in studying bacteria.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Flow Cytometry: Technique using an instrument system for making, processing, and displaying one or more measurements on individual cells obtained from a cell suspension. Cells are usually stained with one or more fluorescent dyes specific to cell components of interest, e.g., DNA, and fluorescence of each cell is measured as it rapidly transverses the excitation beam (laser or mercury arc lamp). Fluorescence provides a quantitative measure of various biochemical and biophysical properties of the cell, as well as a basis for cell sorting. Other measurable optical parameters include light absorption and light scattering, the latter being applicable to the measurement of cell size, shape, density, granularity, and stain uptake.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Microcomputers: Small computers using LSI (large-scale integration) microprocessor chips as the CPU (central processing unit) and semiconductor memories for compact, inexpensive storage of program instructions and data. They are smaller and less expensive than minicomputers and are usually built into a dedicated system where they are optimized for a particular application. "Microprocessor" may refer to just the CPU or the entire microcomputer.Sequence Analysis, RNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, sequencing, and information analysis of an RNA SEQUENCE.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Cell Division: The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.Cell Survival: The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Cell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Centrifugation: Process of using a rotating machine to generate centrifugal force to separate substances of different densities, remove moisture, or simulate gravitational effects. It employs a large motor-driven apparatus with a long arm, at the end of which human and animal subjects, biological specimens, or equipment can be revolved and rotated at various speeds to study gravitational effects. (From Websters, 10th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Tobacco: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Disinfectants: Substances used on inanimate objects that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. Disinfectants are classed as complete, destroying SPORES as well as vegetative forms of microorganisms, or incomplete, destroying only vegetative forms of the organisms. They are distinguished from ANTISEPTICS, which are local anti-infective agents used on humans and other animals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Plant Cells: Basic functional unit of plants.Human Activities: Activities performed by humans.Drug Storage: The process of keeping pharmaceutical products in an appropriate location.Automatic Data Processing: Data processing largely performed by automatic means.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Solubility: The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing: Techniques of nucleotide sequence analysis that increase the range, complexity, sensitivity, and accuracy of results by greatly increasing the scale of operations and thus the number of nucleotides, and the number of copies of each nucleotide sequenced. The sequencing may be done by analysis of the synthesis or ligation products, hybridization to preexisting sequences, etc.Catharanthus: A plant genus of the family Apocynaceae. It is the source of VINCA ALKALOIDS, used in leukemia chemotherapy.Acetates: Derivatives of ACETIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxymethane structure.Preservation, Biological: The process of protecting various samples of biological material.Genome: The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.Cell Differentiation: Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Tablets: Solid dosage forms, of varying weight, size, and shape, which may be molded or compressed, and which contain a medicinal substance in pure or diluted form. (Dorland, 28th ed)Societies, Pharmaceutical: Societies whose membership is limited to pharmacists.Viscosity: The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Virus Cultivation: Process of growing viruses in live animals, plants, or cultured cells.Latex: A milky, product excreted from the latex canals of a variety of plant species that contain cauotchouc. Latex is composed of 25-35% caoutchouc, 60-75% water, 2% protein, 2% resin, 1.5% sugar & 1% ash. RUBBER is made by the removal of water from latex.(From Concise Encyclopedia Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 3rd ed). Hevein proteins are responsible for LATEX HYPERSENSITIVITY. Latexes are used as inert vehicles to carry antibodies or antigens in LATEX FIXATION TESTS.Licensure: The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Administration, Oral: The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.Plants: Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Air Pollution: The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Drug Compounding: The preparation, mixing, and assembling of a drug. (From Remington, The Science and Practice of Pharmacy, 19th ed, p1814)Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Blood Platelets: Non-nucleated disk-shaped cells formed in the megakaryocyte and found in the blood of all mammals. They are mainly involved in blood coagulation.Spleen: An encapsulated lymphatic organ through which venous blood filters.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Drug Stability: The chemical and physical integrity of a pharmaceutical product.Chemistry, Pharmaceutical: Chemistry dealing with the composition and preparation of agents having PHARMACOLOGIC ACTIONS or diagnostic use.Cell Count: The number of CELLS of a specific kind, usually measured per unit volume or area of sample.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.Head Protective Devices: Personal devices for protection of heads from impact, penetration from falling and flying objects, and from limited electric shock and burn.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Lymphocytes: White blood cells formed in the body's lymphoid tissue. The nucleus is round or ovoid with coarse, irregularly clumped chromatin while the cytoplasm is typically pale blue with azurophilic (if any) granules. Most lymphocytes can be classified as either T or B (with subpopulations of each), or NATURAL KILLER CELLS.Particulate Matter: Particles of any solid substance, generally under 30 microns in size, often noted as PM30. There is special concern with PM1 which can get down to PULMONARY ALVEOLI and induce MACROPHAGE ACTIVATION and PHAGOCYTOSIS leading to FOREIGN BODY REACTION and LUNG DISEASES.HydrocarbonsCross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Sonication: The application of high intensity ultrasound to liquids.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Hot Temperature: Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.Immune Sera: Serum that contains antibodies. It is obtained from an animal that has been immunized either by ANTIGEN injection or infection with microorganisms containing the antigen.Blepharoptosis: Drooping of the upper lid due to deficient development or paralysis of the levator palpebrae muscle.Insurance Benefits: Payments or services provided under stated circumstances under the terms of an insurance policy. In prepayment programs, benefits are the services the programs will provide at defined locations and to the extent needed.Capsules: Hard or soft soluble containers used for the oral administration of medicine.Scattering, Radiation: The diversion of RADIATION (thermal, electromagnetic, or nuclear) from its original path as a result of interactions or collisions with atoms, molecules, or larger particles in the atmosphere or other media. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Ultrasonics: A subfield of acoustics dealing in the radio frequency range higher than acoustic SOUND waves (approximately above 20 kilohertz). Ultrasonic radiation is used therapeutically (DIATHERMY and ULTRASONIC THERAPY) to generate HEAT and to selectively destroy tissues. It is also used in diagnostics, for example, ULTRASONOGRAPHY; ECHOENCEPHALOGRAPHY; and ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, to visually display echoes received from irradiated tissues.Injury Severity Score: An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.Freeze Drying: Method of tissue preparation in which the tissue specimen is frozen and then dehydrated at low temperature in a high vacuum. This method is also used for dehydrating pharmaceutical and food products.United StatesNanoparticles: Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.Adsorption: The adhesion of gases, liquids, or dissolved solids onto a surface. It includes adsorptive phenomena of bacteria and viruses onto surfaces as well. ABSORPTION into the substance may follow but not necessarily.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Metabolism: The chemical reactions that occur within the cells, tissues, or an organism. These processes include both the biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) and the breakdown (CATABOLISM) of organic materials utilized by the living organism.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Micropore Filters: A membrane or barrier with micrometer sized pores used for separation purification processes.Colony Count, Microbial: Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Off-Road Motor Vehicles: Motorized, recreational vehicles used on non-public roads. They include all-terrain vehicles, dirt-bikes, minibikes, motorbikes, trailbikes, and snowmobiles. Excludes MOTORCYCLES, which are considered public road vehicles.Oxygen Consumption: The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)Bioreactors: Tools or devices for generating products using the synthetic or chemical conversion capacity of a biological system. They can be classical fermentors, cell culture perfusion systems, or enzyme bioreactors. For production of proteins or enzymes, recombinant microorganisms such as bacteria, mammalian cells, or insect or plant cells are usually chosen.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Spectrophotometry: The art or process of comparing photometrically the relative intensities of the light in different parts of the spectrum.RNA: A polynucleotide consisting essentially of chains with a repeating backbone of phosphate and ribose units to which nitrogenous bases are attached. RNA is unique among biological macromolecules in that it can encode genetic information, serve as an abundant structural component of cells, and also possesses catalytic activity. (Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)Cell Membrane Permeability: A quality of cell membranes which permits the passage of solvents and solutes into and out of cells.Sequence Analysis, Protein: A process that includes the determination of AMINO ACID SEQUENCE of a protein (or peptide, oligopeptide or peptide fragment) and the information analysis of the sequence.IndiaGlucose: A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.Buffers: A chemical system that functions to control the levels of specific ions in solution. When the level of hydrogen ion in solution is controlled the system is called a pH buffer.Virus Assembly: The assembly of VIRAL STRUCTURAL PROTEINS and nucleic acid (VIRAL DNA or VIRAL RNA) to form a VIRUS PARTICLE.Powders: Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Spermatozoa: Mature male germ cells derived from SPERMATIDS. As spermatids move toward the lumen of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES, they undergo extensive structural changes including the loss of cytoplasm, condensation of CHROMATIN into the SPERM HEAD, formation of the ACROSOME cap, the SPERM MIDPIECE and the SPERM TAIL that provides motility.Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Neutrophils: Granular leukocytes having a nucleus with three to five lobes connected by slender threads of chromatin, and cytoplasm containing fine inconspicuous granules and stainable by neutral dyes.Polystyrenes: Polymerized forms of styrene used as a biocompatible material, especially in dentistry. They are thermoplastic and are used as insulators, for injection molding and casting, as sheets, plates, rods, rigid forms and beads.Microscopy, Phase-Contrast: A form of interference microscopy in which variations of the refracting index in the object are converted into variations of intensity in the image. This is achieved by the action of a phase plate.Sucrose: A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Maxillofacial Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the face and jaw (either upper, lower, or both).Trauma Severity Indices: Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase: An enzyme that catalyzes the deamination of PHENYLALANINE to form trans-cinnamate and ammonia.Oxidation-Reduction: A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).Pattern Recognition, Automated: In INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, machine-sensing or identification of visible patterns (shapes, forms, and configurations). (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)Mass Spectrometry: An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.
A Z71 off-road package was also available with skid plates and Bilstein shocks. The Work Truck (W/T) was introduced in 1988, ... The 1960, 1961, and 1962 models featured torsion bar front suspensions, with trailing arm suspension rears. Trim lines were ... There were no suspension or engine upgrades provided with any of the sport packages as this was an appearance only option. ... A ZQ8 Sport suspension package was now an available option for 2WD models which included Bilstein Shocks, 12:7:1 ratio steering ...
However, the off-road appearance package that included contrasting-colored bumpers did carry over forward. Marketed as a ... Engine output was boosted to 276 bhp (206 kW; 280 PS), and the suspension optimised for British roads. Options were available ... and suspensions. The STI versions of the WRX were immensely successful in rallies and popular among street racers but were only ... The first three generations of Impreza in North America were also available with an off-road appearance package called the ...
The four-wheel independent long-travel suspension itself is a purpose-built version of race suspensions found on off-road ... According to Mike Kipley, the engineering manager for the Expedition, "The FX4 Off-Road package delivers off-road driving ... The new suspension reduces rear unsprung mass by 110 pounds, and allows for a full 9.4 inches of suspension travel (how much ... New trim packages included the XLT model. XLT versions could be optioned with the XLT No Boundaries package that included ...
The new $7 FE7 suspension option was included with the Z07 package - The $400 package (also included H.D. power brakes) was ... Road & Track magazine stated in a 1973 road test: "For all its age, size and compromises, if the Corvette is equipped with the ... The spring saved thirty-six pounds, but was limited to base suspensions with automatic transmission. When equipped with Delco's ... The difference in machines is not as great as the disparity in price." A special ZR1 package added racing suspension, brakes, ...
Damping Dashpot Hydropneumatic suspension Impact force MacPherson strut Oleo strut Packaging and labeling Shock (mechanics) ... They are common on motorcycle and scooter rear suspensions, and widely used on front and rear suspensions in cars. The ... In very heavy duty units used for racing or off-road use, there may even be a secondary cylinder connected to the shock ... Composite hydropneumatic suspension combines many suspension elements in a single device: spring action, shock absorption, ride ...
The ZR2 package was an off-road package available for the second generation Chevy S-10. The ZR2 package included a 4-inch (100 ... New heavy-duty and off-road suspensions appeared in 1984 along with a hydraulic clutch, while the big news for 1985 was the ... a suspension package, a Chevrolet windshield banner, Baja decals on the box sides and one inch wide body striping. Extra cost ... The SS package was replaced by the "Xtreme" package. In 2001 a crew cab option was added and was available in 4WD and automatic ...
The GT3 R's front McPherson strut suspension and multi-link rear suspension are adjustable in height, camber and toe, and there ... The vehicle has a rated 0-60 mph (97 km/h) time of 4.1 seconds and has a top speed of 193 mph (311 km/h). Road and Track was ... Also available was a navigation system and Porsche's "sports chrono" gauge package. The car went to sale in summer of 2006 and ... Other new features include a new transmission, a new aerodynamic pack, a larger rear diffuser and new suspensions. The car made ...
"Jello suspensions" as he referred to them) and poor handling qualities. An example is provided by one of the first road tests ... suspension package, which included heavier springs and shocks. He went so far as to tell his readers that "I wouldn't own one ... In a 1959 road test of the Plymouth Sport Fury (which he referred to as the "Sports Fury"), he claimed that the torsion bar ... In the 600 road tests he performed and reported on,[citation needed] his favorite cars were the 1953 Bentley Continental and ...
It is usually done for the practical purpose of improving the off road performance of SUVs or trucks and other off-road ... A lift kit is an aftermarket product package with the parts needed to lift a specific model of vehicle, typically with ... Many trucks are supported by leaf spring suspensions. Leaf springs offer exceptional articulation, a large payload and can take ... Using the add-a-leaf will increase the height, but sometimes makes the suspension ride rough because of the added spring rate. ...
While adaptive suspensions only vary shock absorber firmness to match changing road or dynamic conditions, active suspensions ... for Mast Mounted Sensor Packages on Large Off-Road Vehicles". SAE Technical Paper Series. 1. doi:10.4271/2011-01-0269. Dogget, ... Active suspensions can be generally divided into two classes: pure active suspensions, and adaptive/semi-active suspensions. ... several models with RSS road sensing suspension. RSS was available in both standard and CVRSS (continuously variable road ...
The TEMS system was easily installed to suit ride comfort, and road handling stability on small suspensions, adding a level of ... The semi-active suspension system was widely used on luxury and top sport trim packages on most of Toyota's products sold ... Active Stabilizer Suspension System Kinetic Dynamic Suspension System Toyota Active Control Suspension Active Body Control ... TEMS was installed on vehicles with front and rear independent suspensions. Based on road conditions, the system would increase ...
The suspension change drew some displeasure amongst fans of live-axle rear suspensions. One reason is that live axles offer the ... Ironman Package, XLT Appearance Package, and heated leather seat package. For 2008, Ford added side curtain airbags across the ... Explorer's overall off-road crawl ratio is 15.19:1 with high range - no low range - gearing only. Off-road electronics include ... The new Explorer will be available with an optional trailer tow package. The package includes a Class III trailer hitch, engine ...
"How it Works: Suspension". Unique Cars and Parts. Retrieved 2015-08-01. "Patent US7029017 - Wheel suspension for a motor ... Packaging is cited as both an advantage and disadvantage of the transverse FRP leaf spring, as compared to coil springs, ... If both wheels deflect upward at the same time (for example, when hitting a bump in the road) the center section bends ... A number of manufactures have produced vehicles or concepts utilizing independent front or rear suspensions supported by ...
... only in suspension settings. Robert Petersson; Bernd Stegemann (February 2000). "Trygghetspaketet [1]" [Security package [1]] ( ... "Volvo Bi-Fuel Road Tests". www.volvoclub.org.uk. Volvo Owners Club Ltd. Archived from the original on 2017-09-29. Retrieved ... They have monstrous engines, giant brakes, track-ready suspensions and race-car-style seats - plus prices up to $30,000 higher ... The V70 R came as standard with Volvo's 4C multi-mode suspension developed with suspension experts Öhlins. The driver could ...
... seat post suspension with wide plush saddles, and drop-center, angled North Road style handlebars designed for easy reach while ... With an heavily reinforced frame, with very long travel suspensions (more than 200mm / 8" in the front fork, and rear ... Messenger bikes are typically used for urgent deliveries of letters and small packages between businesses in big cities with ... Flat bar road bikes are road bikes fitted with mountain bike-style shifters, brake levers and a flat handlebar. They fit into ...
It was also fitted with the height adjustable air suspension, allowing the vehicle to travel off-road. The name Hubertus is ... The Legacy began with a four-door sedan or five-door wagon body styles with FWD and an optional full-time AWD package, and was ... Items like variable length intake manifolds, multi-port sequential fuel injection, independent strut suspensions, attention to ... and the air suspension, called "EP-S" (electronic pneumatic-suspension), was only available on the AWD equipped VZ wagon with ...
The tuning of suspensions involves finding the right compromise. It is important for the suspension to keep the road wheel in ... packaging, weight, reliability, and/or other challenges. Interconnected suspension, unlike semi-active/active suspensions, ... suspensions see the motorcycle suspension, motorcycle fork, bicycle suspension, and bicycle fork articles. Suspension is the ... See washboarding.) If the suspension is externally controlled then it is a semi-active or active suspension - the suspension is ...
Sanders, Bill (February 1969). "Road Runner". Motor Trend.. *^ Cheetham, Craig (2007). Ultimate Muscle Cars. MBI Publishing. pp ... The 1961 Chevrolet Impala offered an SS package for $53.80, which consisted of a 409 cu in (6.7 L) V8 engine producing 425 hp ( ... 317 kW)[citation needed] and upgraded brakes, tires and suspension. The 1962 Dodge Dart 413 (nicknamed Max Wedge) had a 413 cu ... "The Hot Ones: Supercars of medium size flaunt tough suspensions, great brakes, most powerful engines in existence". Popular ...
Road & Track. 4.8 s. -. -. -. 13.3 @ 106 mph (171 km/h). -. -. Facelift[edit]. A facelifted version of the Porsche Cayman was ... The suspension design is fundamentally the same as that of the Boxster with revised settings due to the stiffer chassis with ... A Club Sport Package is also available, featuring a rear half rollcage, preparation for a battery cut off switch, a fire ... With the new passive sports suspensions, the Cayman R was 10 mm (0.4 in) lower than a Cayman S equipped with PASM, or 20 mm ( ...
... retuned suspensions and disk brakes on all four wheels completed the package. Standard equipment was the richest available and ... In October 1985 Lancia unveiled alongside the road-going Delta S4 a new version of the HF, renamed Delta HF turbo[20] in view ... The basic suspension layout of the Delta 4WD remained the same as in the rest of the two-wheel drive Delta range: MacPherson ... Braking and suspension were uprated to 284 mm (11.2 in) ventilated front discs, a larger brake master cylinder and servo, as ...
... replacing the earlier post riders on the main roads. Coachmen carried letters, packages, and money, often transacting business ... Steel springs had been used in suspensions for vehicles since 1695.[12] Coachbuilder Obadiah Elliott obtained a patent covering ... using coaches with steel spring suspension. This coach took an unprecedented three days to reach London with an average speed ... Improved roads[edit]. Construction of a macadamized road in the United States (1823). These roads allowed stagecoaches to ...
... the 900's double wishbone suspension design provided excellent handling and road feel. The rear suspension comprised a typical ... A new luxury package was made available on Turbo cars, while the EMS gained new wheels, a front spoiler, a sunroof, and a sport ... Heuschmid GmbH offered options such as tuning, intercooler, suspensions tweaking and custom alloy wheels. EIA Motors of France ... double wishbone front suspension and beam-axle rear suspension. It was originally introduced on 12 May 1978, for the 1979 model ...
The suspension was completely redesigned, bringing the front suspension inboard, using pushrods, and replacing the De-Dion rear ... by Peter Egan, Brooklands Books and Road & Track, Peter Egan's books are collections of his Road & Track column Side Glances. ... Trim package to commemorate The Prisoner television series HPC. 1990 - 1993. Unknown. Caterham-tuned Vauxhall VX with Twin 45 ... Of particular note are 'Dynamic Suspensions' Damper units developed by specialist Multimatic for the car. The damper units lend ...
Administrative license suspension (ALS). *Alcohol packaging warning messages. *Drunk driving law by country *DWI court ... "Preventing road traffic injury: A public health perspective for Europe" (PDF).. *^ a b Alonso, Francisco; Pasteur, Juan C.; ... Bill 31 contains driver's license "...suspensions for those caught driving under the influence of drugs, or a combination of ... Hannibal, Martin; Hardy, Stephen (2013-03-04). Practice Notes on Road Traffic Law 2/e. Routledge. pp. 57-68. ISBN 9781135346386 ...
... the Chrysler's suspension was tuned slightly on the softer side compared to Dodge's stiff suspension. Although the Sebring did ... Additional packages could be added to various standard trim levels. In 2006, the license, tooling and assembly line for the ... both of which were key contributors to the car's road manners. The coupe version of the Sebring had seating for five and was ... adaptive automatic transmissions and fully independent suspensions, along with a host of power operated features. Sebring also ...
47 Van Buuren Road. Bedfordview, 2008. DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THIS PACKAGE INSERT. April 2000. *Authorised user of the TM ... Protect prepared suspensions from light.. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.. REGISTRATION NUMBERS. CEFRIL 250 CAPSULES. D/20.1.1/ ... CEFRIL 125 SUSPENSION is an orange flavoured suspension and CEFRIL 250 SUSPENSION is an aromatic fruity flavoured suspension, ... CEFRIL 125 SUSPENSION. CEFRIL 250 SUSPENSION. SCHEDULING STATUS. S4. PROPRIETARY NAME. (and dosage form). CEFRIL 250 CAPSULES. ...
Rely on BMR Suspension for top-of-the-line suspension and chassis products that offer unbeatable performance and reliability. ... Front End Packages by BMR Suspension®. BMR Suspension has taken the guesswork out of making significant handling improvements ... Designed for street performance, autocross, drag race, and road race applicationsDramatically reduces body roll ... like BMR Suspensions adjustable and... ... BMR Suspension A/C and Heating Parts. *. BMR Suspension ...
Short- and Long-Arm (SLA) Suspension *Independent design that allows either wheel to react to road imperfections with minimal ... Long, flat, thin, flexible section of spring steel or composite material used in suspensions (especially rear suspensions) to ... This feature can be packaged together with an available seat position memory system on certain vehicles for the ultimate in ... Large liquid-filled bushing that helps isolate the vehicle from road or engine vibrations due to the suspension traveling on ...
We take our 2007 Ford Mustang GT and install Steedas sport suspension setup and get it ready for the dragstrip. Follow along ... We turned to Steeda Autosports for direction in navigating through its suspension packages. ... As a quick overview of the choices-bushing-style control arms will offer the best ride since the bushing helps negate the road ... How To Chassis Suspension 2007 Ford Mustang GT - Steeda Suspension Install. Lowering an S197 Mustang GT for the proper look and ...
We have the performance suspension parts you need. ... Hummer H3 With Off-Road Package 2006, MaxControl™ Premium Rear ... Supreme Suspensions®2" Pro Series Rear Lifted Leaf Spring Shackles. (0 reviews) ... Stock vs Performance Suspension. Very often we don�t even realize what a crucial role a car�s suspension plays in providing a ... This SES Suspension Upgrade fits the rear suspension truck. Each laser cut piece of steel is precision bent and powder-coated ...
WE LIKE: Fantastic interior, off-road prowess. WE DONT LIKE: Five-speed automatic; suspension needs fine-tuning. ... A $2870 package on our SEL upgraded the system with an 8-inch screen and a rearview camera, plus leather-trimmed seats, and ... "Kia in North America still must do a lot of work to tighten up mushy suspensions designed for the home market," especially when ... Sure, the Grand Cherokee is great off-road and commendable on-road, but its five-speed automatic pales next to its competitors ...
Chassis: Air ride suspension; upgraded smart ride controller; Niche Road 22x11 front and 24x15 rear wheels. Exterior: Custom ... Chassis: SR3 chassis; Corvette C5 front and C4 rear suspension; custom brake package; Cray wheels; Continental tires. Exterior ... Ltd., AirRex Air Suspensions. Phone: 516-986-3822. Fax: 516-908-7987. Email: [email protected]; [email protected] Website: ... Chassis: Detroit Speed front subframe and suspension; JRI coil-over suspension; Quadra-link rear suspension; mini tub; Optima ...
... suspension and exhaust upgrades and carbon fiber body parts -- a $28,000 package on top of whatever you paid for your GT 500. ... Shelby Automobiles builds a GT 500 KR "King of the Road" version with 540 horsepower and a host of upgrades for $50,000 and up ... not to mention sophisticated suspensions, stickier, longer-lasting radial tires that are much better for cornering and wear, ...
... suspension travel. Using progressive-rate springs means that instead of a hard stop at the end of axle t ... The Active Off-Road Bumpstops offer off-road enthusiasts greater control over their vehicles ... Package Dimensions:. W8.5000" x H6.5000" x L5.5000" * Shipping:. Free ground shipping to lower 48 states (some exclusions may ... Trailer Suspensions *Axle-Less Trailer Suspension. *Silent Ride Trailer Suspension. *Dakota Air Trailer Suspension ...
... suspension travel. Using progressive-rate springs means that instead of a hard stop at the end of axle t ... The Active Off-Road Bumpstops offer off-road enthusiasts greater control over their vehicles ... Package Dimensions:. W8.5000" x H6.5000" x L5.5000" * Shipping:. Free ground shipping to lower 48 states (some exclusions may ... Trailer Suspensions *Axle-Less Trailer Suspension. *Silent Ride Trailer Suspension. *Dakota Air Trailer Suspension ...
This SES Suspension Upgrade can be adapted to fit the rear suspension of most heavy-duty trucks equipped with leaf springs. ... Active Off-Road Bumpstops. *Aeon Springs. *. * Trailer Suspensions *Axle-Less Trailer Suspension ... instability and suspension settling. Timbrens high performance suspension packages will ensure added safety and peace of mind. ... Timbren SES Suspension Enhancement System SKU# UR350 Suspension Rubber Helper Spring Kit. (0) Reviews: Write first review ...
This SES Suspension Upgrade fits the rear suspension of a Ford Transit 250, Ford Transit 350 & 350HD (see below for full list ... Active Off-Road Bumpstops. *Aeon Springs. *. * Trailer Suspensions *Axle-Less Trailer Suspension ... instability and suspension settling. Timbrens high performance suspension packages will ensure added safety and peace of mind. ... Timbren SES Suspension Enhancement System SKU# FRTR350 - Rear Kit Suspension Rubber Helper Spring Kit. (0) Reviews: Write first ...
This SES Suspension Upgrade fits the rear suspension of a Ford F-450 and F-550 cab & chassis truck. Each laser cut piece of ... Active Off-Road Bumpstops. *Aeon Springs. *. * Trailer Suspensions *Axle-Less Trailer Suspension ... instability and suspension settling. Timbrens high performance suspension packages will ensure added safety and peace of mind. ... Timbren SES Suspension Enhancement System SKU# FRSDE - Rear Kit Suspension Rubber Helper Spring Kit. (0) Reviews: Write first ...
This SES Suspension Upgrade fits the rear suspension of a Ford E-150 Econoline. Each laser cut piece of steel is precision bent ... Active Off-Road Bumpstops. *Aeon Springs. *. * Trailer Suspensions *Axle-Less Trailer Suspension ... instability and suspension settling. Timbrens high performance suspension packages will ensure added safety and peace of mind. ... Timbren SES Suspension Enhancement System SKU# FER150 Suspension Rubber Helper Spring Kit. (0) Reviews: Write first review ...
This SES Suspension Upgrade can be adapted to fit the front suspension of most medium-duty trucks equipped with leaf springs. ... Active Off-Road Bumpstops. *Aeon Springs. *. * Trailer Suspensions *Axle-Less Trailer Suspension ... instability and suspension settling. Timbrens high performance suspension packages will ensure added safety and peace of mind. ... Timbren SES Suspension Enhancement System SKU# MST001 Suspension Rubber Helper Spring Kit. (0) Reviews: Write first review ...
This SES Suspension Upgrade fits the rear suspension of a Sprinter 2500 van (see below for full list of applications). Weve ... Active Off-Road Bumpstops. *Aeon Springs. *. * Trailer Suspensions *Axle-Less Trailer Suspension ... instability and suspension settling. Timbrens high performance suspension packages will ensure added safety and peace of mind. ... Timbren SES Suspension Enhancement System SKU# MBRSP25A - Rear Kit Suspension Rubber Helper Spring Kit. (0) Reviews: Write ...
This SES Suspension Upgrade can be adapted to fit the Mack rear camelback suspension. Each laser cut piece of steel is ... Active Off-Road Bumpstops. *Aeon Springs. *. * Trailer Suspensions *Axle-Less Trailer Suspension ... instability and suspension settling. Timbrens high performance suspension packages will ensure added safety and peace of mind. ... Timbren SES Suspension Enhancement System SKU# MKT001 Suspension Rubber Helper Spring Kit. (0) Reviews: Write first review ...
This SES Suspension Upgrade fits the front suspension of a Ford F-250 & F350 truck. Each laser cut piece of steel is precision ... Active Off-Road Bumpstops. *Aeon Springs. *. * Trailer Suspensions *Axle-Less Trailer Suspension ... instability and suspension settling. Timbrens high performance suspension packages will ensure added safety and peace of mind. ... Timbren SES Suspension Enhancement System SKU# FF350SD4 Suspension Rubber Helper Spring Kit. (0) Reviews: Write first review ...
This SES Suspension Upgrade fits the rear suspension of a Jeep Grand Cherokee & Jeep Commander (see below for full list of ... Active Off-Road Bumpstops. *Aeon Springs. *. * Trailer Suspensions *Axle-Less Trailer Suspension ... instability and suspension settling. Timbrens high performance suspension packages will ensure added safety and peace of mind. ... Timbren SES Suspension Enhancement System SKU# JRC04 Suspension Rubber Helper Spring Kit. (0) Reviews: Write first review ...
The Timbren FR1504R is a rear axle SES suspension upgrade for the Ford F150 Raptor made between 2010 to 2014. Shop now. ... Active Off-Road Bumpstops. *Aeon Springs. *. * Trailer Suspensions *Axle-Less Trailer Suspension ... instability and suspension settling. Timbrens high performance suspension packages will ensure added safety and peace of mind. ... This SES Suspension Upgrade fits the rear suspension of a Ford F-150 SVT Raptor 4x4 pickup truck. Each laser cut piece of steel ...
This SES Suspension Upgrade fits the rear suspension of a Sprinter 2500 van (see below for full list of applications). Weve ... Active Off-Road Bumpstops. *Aeon Springs. *. * Trailer Suspensions *Axle-Less Trailer Suspension ... instability and suspension settling. Timbrens high performance suspension packages will ensure added safety and peace of mind. ... Timbren SES Suspension Enhancement System SKU# MBRSP25 - Rear Kit Suspension Rubber Helper Spring Kit. (0) Reviews: Write first ...
Upgrade can be adapted to fit the rear suspension of most heavy-duty tow trucks equipped with a tandem Reyco suspension. Each ... Active Off-Road Bumpstops. *Aeon Springs. *. * Trailer Suspensions *Axle-Less Trailer Suspension ... instability and suspension settling. Timbrens high performance suspension packages will ensure added safety and peace of mind. ... Timbren SES Suspension Enhancement System SKU# REY001A Suspension Rubber Helper Spring Kit. (0) Reviews: Write first review ...
60N/mm is Nitrons standard road spring rate and the same on their track day package, thats what I was told. Ill try them out ... Roger Becker who together with Alistair McQueen developed most of the Lotus Esprit suspensions said, that he (Roger) would NOT ... Nitron 40mm NTR Fast Road/Track Day Suspension Kits now available for the Esprit ... Nitron 40mm NTR Fast Road/Track Day Suspension Kits now available for the Esprit ...
Yukon and three more SUVs in an off-road battle royale. ... and well-balanced packages on the road. Like its ancestor, the ... Its suspension delivered a harsher ride that suffered in comparison with the better-damped, more refined suspensions of the ... Its supple (height-adjustable) air-spring suspension soaked up rocky and rutted off-road trails that relentlessly threatened to ... However, the low-speed suspension calibration still allows too much on-road rocking motion for our tastes. ) ...
the same company that makes Struts/Shocks for the Ford Racing Mustang road race car) Note: Some factory fasteners are one ... All components are designed to work together as a package Struts/Shocks are adjustable and manufactured by Dynamic ... 2005-2010 Brenspeed Paxton 1200 Throwback Supercharger Install Package. *2005-14 Mustang GT Suspension Package Install Special ... All components are designed to work together as a package. Struts/Shocks are adjustable and manufactured by Dynamic Suspensions ...
  • Like everything else, there are compromises, and slamming your Stang on the ground can certainly affect ride quality negatively due to a reduction in suspension travel and the super-stiff springs. (mustangandfords.com)
  • This time around, they will come with all of the required safety and emissions equipment in place, not to mention sophisticated suspensions, stickier, longer-lasting radial tires that are much better for cornering and wear, ABS disc brakes, traction control, stability control, electronic fuel injection instead of carburetors, and six-speed manual and automatic transmissions for highway fuel economy. (autoblog.com)
  • And if you're really serious, Shelby will be happy to take your new GT 500 and build a Super Snake out of it, with engines of either 600 or 750 horsepower, 20-inch wheels and tires, Baer brakes, suspension and exhaust upgrades and carbon fiber body parts -- a $28,000 package on top of whatever you paid for your GT 500. (autoblog.com)
  • Engineered from high-quality materials for long-lasting durability, Dorman's Leaf Spring is comprised of multiple thin bands of steel to effectively restore the suspension to proper operation. (carid.com)