Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.
A mass of tissue that has been cut away from its surrounding areas to be used in TISSUE TRANSPLANTATION.
Endonucleases that remove 5' DNA sequences from a DNA structure called a DNA flap. The DNA flap structure occurs in double-stranded DNA containing a single-stranded break where the 5' portion of the downstream strand is too long and overlaps the 3' end of the upstream strand. Flap endonucleases cleave the downstream strand of the overlap flap structure precisely after the first base-paired nucleotide, creating a ligatable nick.
Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.
A long flat muscle that extends along the whole length of both sides of the abdomen. It flexes the vertebral column, particularly the lumbar portion; it also tenses the anterior abdominal wall and assists in compressing the abdominal contents. It is frequently the site of hematomas. In reconstructive surgery it is often used for the creation of myocutaneous flaps. (From Gray's Anatomy, 30th American ed, p491)
Surgical reconstruction of the breast including both augmentation and reduction.
Operative procedures performed on the SKIN.
A surgical procedure to correct MYOPIA by CORNEAL STROMA subtraction. It involves the use of a microkeratome to make a lamellar dissection of the CORNEA creating a flap with intact CORNEAL EPITHELIUM. After the flap is lifted, the underlying midstroma is reshaped with an EXCIMER LASER and the flap is returned to its original position.
Inferior and external epigastric arteries arise from external iliac; superficial from femoral; superior from internal thoracic. They supply the abdominal muscles, diaphragm, iliac region, and groin. The inferior epigastric artery is used in coronary artery bypass grafting and myocardial revascularization.
Injuries of tissue other than bone. The concept is usually general and does not customarily refer to internal organs or viscera. It is meaningful with reference to regions or organs where soft tissue (muscle, fat, skin) should be differentiated from bones or bone tissue, as "soft tissue injuries of the hand".
The grafting of skin in humans or animals from one site to another to replace a lost portion of the body surface skin.
CONNECTIVE TISSUE of the anterior compartment of the THIGH that has its origins on the anterior aspect of the iliac crest and anterior superior iliac spine, and its insertion point on the iliotibial tract. It plays a role in medial rotation of the THIGH, steadying the trunk, and in KNEE extension.
The bone of the lower leg lateral to and smaller than the tibia. In proportion to its length, it is the most slender of the long bones.
The removal of foreign material and devitalized or contaminated tissue from or adjacent to a traumatic or infected lesion until surrounding healthy tissue is exposed. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Surgical procedures used to treat disease, injuries, and defects of the oral and maxillofacial region.
A mass of tissue, including skin and muscle, that has been cut away from surrounding areas for transplantation.
The performance of surgical procedures with the aid of a microscope.
Pathologic process consisting of a partial or complete disruption of the layers of a surgical wound.
A plastic surgical operation on the nose, either reconstructive, restorative, or cosmetic. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A double-layered fold of peritoneum that attaches the STOMACH to other organs in the ABDOMINAL CAVITY.
General or unspecified injuries involving the foot.
Layers of connective tissue of variable thickness. The superficial fascia is found immediately below the skin; the deep fascia invests MUSCLES, nerves, and other organs.
The branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of the beautiful. It includes beauty, esthetic experience, esthetic judgment, esthetic aspects of medicine, etc.
The branch of surgery concerned with restoration, reconstruction, or improvement of defective, damaged, or missing structures.
The outer margins of the ABDOMEN, extending from the osteocartilaginous thoracic cage to the PELVIS. Though its major part is muscular, the abdominal wall consists of at least seven layers: the SKIN, subcutaneous fat, deep FASCIA; ABDOMINAL MUSCLES, transversalis fascia, extraperitoneal fat, and the parietal PERITONEUM.
Gas lasers with excited dimers (i.e., excimers) as the active medium. The most commonly used are rare gas monohalides (e.g., argon fluoride, xenon chloride). Their principal emission wavelengths are in the ultraviolet range and depend on the monohalide used (e.g., 193 nm for ArF, 308 nm for Xe Cl). These lasers are operated in pulsed and Q-switched modes and used in photoablative decomposition involving actual removal of tissue. (UMDNS, 2005)
The lamellated connective tissue constituting the thickest layer of the cornea between the Bowman and Descemet membranes.
General or unspecified injuries involving the fingers.

Return of lymphatic function after flap transfer for acute lymphedema. (1/1254)

OBJECTIVE: The goals of this work were to develop animal models of lymphedema and tissue flap transfer, and to observe physiologic changes in lymphatic function that occur in these models over time, both systemically with lymphoscintigraphy (LS) and locally using fluorescence microlymphangiography (FM). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Although lymphedema has been managed by a combination of medical and surgical approaches, no effective long-term cure exists. Surgical attempts aimed at reconnecting impaired lymphatic channels or bypassing obstructed areas have failed. METHODS: The tails of rats (A groups) and mice (B groups) were used because of their different features. Lymphedema was created by ligation of the lymphatics at the tail base and quantified by diameter measurements there. In the experimental group, rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap was transferred across the ligation. In addition to the ligation (A1 and B1) and ligation + flap (A2 and B2) groups, three control groups were included: sham flap with ligation (B4), sham flap alone (B5), and normal (A3 and B3) animals. Observations were made at weekly time points for lymphatic function and continuity. RESULTS: Lymphedema was successfully created in the mouse ligation groups (B1 and B4) and sustained for the entire length of observation (up to 14 weeks). Lymphatic continuity was restored in those animals with transferred flaps across the ligation site (A2 and B2), as seen both by LS and FM. Sham flaps did not visibly affect lymphatic function nor did they cause any visible swelling in the tail. CONCLUSIONS: Acute lymphedema developing after ligation of tail lymphatics in mice can be prevented by myocutaneous flap transfer. Restored lymphatic continuity and function were demonstrable using lymphoscintigraphy and fluorescence microlymphangiography.  (+info)

Modified Bankart procedure for recurrent anterior dislocation and subluxation of the shoulder in athletes. (2/1254)

Thirty-four athletes (34 shoulders) with recurrent anterior glenohumeral instability were treated with a modified Bankart procedure, using a T-shaped capsular incision in the anterior capsule. The inferior flap was advanced medially and/or superiorly and rigidly fixed at the point of the Bankart lesion by a small cancellous screw and a spike-washer. The superior flap was advanced inferiority and sutured over the inferior flap. Twenty-five athletes (median age: 22) were evaluated over a mean period of follow-up of 65 months. The clinical results were graded, according to Rowe, as 22 (88%) excellent, 3 (12%) good, and none as fair or poor. The mean postoperative range of movement was 92 degrees of external rotation in 90 degrees of abduction. Elevation and internal rotation was symmetrical with the opposite side. Twenty-four patients returned to active sport, 22 at their previous level. This modified Bankart procedure is an effective treatment for athletes with recurrent anterior glenohumeral instability.  (+info)

Breast reconstruction after mastectomy. (3/1254)

This activity is designed for primary care physicians. GOAL: To appreciate the significant advances and current techniques in breast reconstruction after mastectomy and realize the positive physical and emotional benefits to the patient. OBJECTIVES: 1. Understand basic and anatomic principles of breast reconstruction. 2. Discuss the options for breast reconstruction: a) immediate versus delayed; b) autologous tissue versus implant; and c) stages of reconstruction and ancillary procedures. 3. Provide a comprehensive overview of the risks and benefits of, as well as the alternatives to, each approach so primary care physicians can counsel patients effectively.  (+info)

Soft tissue cover for the exposed knee prosthesis. (4/1254)

This study assess the use of muscle flaps to cover exposed knee prostheses and emphasises the need for early plastic surgery consultation. In five of the six patients studied the wound was successfully covered and the knee prosthesis salvaged with a reasonable functional outcome.  (+info)

Postoperative magnetic resonance imaging after acoustic neuroma surgery: influence of packing materials in the drilled internal auditory canal on assessment of residual tumor. (5/1254)

Serial magnetic resonance (MR) images taken after acoustic neuroma surgery were analyzed to evaluate the pattern and timing of postoperative contrast enhancement in 22 patients who underwent acoustic neuroma removal via the suboccipital transmeatal approach. The opened internal auditory canal (IAC) was covered with a muscle piece in nine patients and with fibrin glue in 13. A total of 56 MR imaging examinations were obtained between days 1 and 930 after surgery. MR imaging showed linear enhancement at the IAC within the first 2 days after surgery, and revealed nodular enhancement on day 3 or later in patients with a muscle piece. MR imaging tended to show linear enhancement at the IAC, irrespective of the timing of the examination in the patients with fibrin glue. Postoperative MR imaging on day 3 or later showed the incidence of nodular enhancement in patients with muscle was significantly higher than in patients with fibrin glue. The results illustrate the difficulty in differentiating nodular enhancement on a muscle piece from tumor by a single postoperative MR imaging study. Therefore, fibrin glue is generally advocated as a packing material of the IAC because it rarely shows masslike enhancement on postoperative MR imaging. When a muscle piece is used in patients at high risk for postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leaks, MR imaging should be obtained within the first 2 days after surgery, since benign enhancement of muscle will not occur and obscure the precise extent of tumor resection.  (+info)

Mechanical properties of heel pads reconstructed with flaps. (6/1254)

We compared the mechanical properties of normal and reconstructed heel pads in seven patients. Four had latissimus dorsi flaps and one each an anterior thigh flap, a local dorsalis pedis flap and a sural arterial flap. The thickness of the heel pad was measured under serial incremental loads of 0.5 kg to a maximum of 3 kg and then relaxed sequentially. The load-displacement curve of the heel pad during a loading-unloading cycle was plotted and from this the unloaded heel-pad thickness (UHPT), compressibility index (CI), elastic modulus (Ep), and energy dissipation ratio (EDR) were calculated. The EDR was significantly increased in the reconstructed heels (53.7 +/- 18% v 23.4 +/- 6.5%, p = 0.003) indicating that in them more energy is dissipated as heat. Insufficient functional capacity in the reconstructed heel pad can lead to the development of shock-induced discomfort and ulceration.  (+info)

Labial fat pad grafts (modified Martius graft) in complex perianal fistulas. (7/1254)

Complex perianal fistulas may at times be very difficult to treat. New vascularised tissue can reach the perineum from leg muscles and the omentum. A less well-known source is the labial fat tissue (modified Martius graft) which has a robust posterolateral pedicle and which can be useful as an adjunctive technique for high anterior anal and rectovaginal fistulas. Between November 1993 and July 1997, eight women (age range 18-55 years) underwent modified Martius grafting, six of the eight having a rectovaginal fistula and two a high complex (suprasphincteric) perianal fistula. Anorectal advancement flaps were performed in five patients and three had a transperineal approach with simultaneous anterior sphincter repair because of concurrent anal incontinence. All patients had a defunctioning stoma. The fistula healed in six of the eight patients (75%) and recurred in two patients. The stoma has been closed in five of the eight patients (one patient's fistula has healed but her stoma cannot be closed because of anal incontinence). This is a useful technique when confronted with a difficult anterior fistula in women.  (+info)

Three ventriculoplasty techniques applied to three left-ventricular pseudoaneurysms in the same patient. (8/1254)

A 59-year-old male patient underwent surgery for triple-vessel coronary artery disease and left-ventricular aneurysm in 1994. Four months after coronary artery bypass grafting and classical left-ventricular aneurysmectomy (with Teflon felt strips), a left-ventricular pseudoaneurysm developed due to infection, and this was treated surgically with an autologous glutaraldehyde-treated pericardium patch over which an omental pedicle graft was placed. Two months later, under emergent conditions, re-repair was performed with a diaphragmatic pericardial pedicle graft due to pseudoaneurysm reformation and rupture. A 3rd repair was required in a 3rd episode 8 months later. Sternocostal resection enabled implantation of the left pectoralis major muscle into the ventricular defect. Six months after the last surgical intervention, the patient died of cerebral malignancy. Pseudoaneurysm reformation, however, had not been observed. To our knowledge, our case is the 1st reported in the literature in which there have been 3 or more different operative techniques applied to 3 or more distinct episodes of pseudoaneurysm formation secondary to post-aneurysmectomy infection. We propose that pectoral muscle flaps be strongly considered as a material for re-repair of left-ventricular aneurysms.  (+info)

Soft tissue injuries can cause pain, swelling, bruising, and limited mobility, and can impact an individual's ability to perform daily activities. Treatment for soft tissue injuries may include rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE), as well as physical therapy, medication, or surgery, depending on the severity of the injury.

Some common examples of soft tissue injuries include:

* Sprains: stretching or tearing of ligaments, which connect bones to other bones and provide stability to joints.
* Strains: stretching or tearing of muscles or tendons, which connect muscles to bones.
* Contusions: bruises that occur when blood collects in soft tissues as a result of trauma.
* Tendinitis: inflammation of tendons, which connect muscles to bones.
* Bursitis: inflammation of bursae, small fluid-filled sacs that cushion joints and reduce friction between tendons and bones.
* Fasciitis: inflammation of the fascia, a thin layer of tissue that surrounds muscles and other organs.

Surgical wound dehiscence is a condition where the incision or wound made during a surgical procedure fails to heal properly and starts to separate, leading to an open wound. This complication can occur due to various factors, such as poor wound care, infection, or excessive tension on the wound edges.

Types of Surgical Wound Dehiscence

There are several types of surgical wound dehiscence, including:

1. Superficial dehiscence: This type of dehiscence occurs when the skin over the incision starts to separate but does not extend into the deeper tissue layers.
2. Deep dehiscence: This type of dehiscence occurs when the incision starts to separate into the deeper tissue layers, such as muscles or organs.
3. Full-thickness dehiscence: This type of dehiscence occurs when the entire thickness of the skin and underlying tissues separates along the incision line.

Causes of Surgical Wound Dehiscence

Surgical wound dehiscence can occur due to a variety of factors, including:

1. Poor wound care: Failure to properly clean and dress the wound can lead to infection and delay healing.
2. Infection: Bacterial or fungal infections can cause the wound edges to separate.
3. Excessive tension on the wound edges: This can occur due to improper closure techniques or excessive tightening of sutures or staples.
4. Poor surgical technique: Improper surgical techniques can lead to inadequate tissue approximation and delayed healing.
5. Patient factors: Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes or poor circulation, can impair the body's ability to heal wounds.

Symptoms of Surgical Wound Dehiscence

The symptoms of surgical wound dehiscence may include:

1. Redness and swelling around the incision site
2. Increased pain or discomfort at the incision site
3. Discharge or fluid leaking from the incision site
4. Bad smell or foul odor from the incision site
5. Increased heart rate or fever
6. Reduced mobility or stiffness in the affected area

Treatment of Surgical Wound Dehiscence

The treatment of surgical wound dehiscence depends on the severity and underlying cause of the condition. Treatment options may include:

1. Antibiotics: To treat any underlying infections.
2. Dressing changes: To promote healing and prevent infection.
3. Debridement: Removal of dead tissue or debris from the wound site to promote healing.
4. Surgical revision: In some cases, the wound may need to be reclosed or revisited to correct any defects in the initial closure.
5. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy: To promote wound healing and reduce the risk of infection.
6. Surgical mesh: To reinforce the wound edges and prevent further separation.
7. Skin grafting: To cover the exposed tissue and promote healing.

Prevention of Surgical Wound Dehiscence

Preventing surgical wound dehiscence is crucial to ensure a successful outcome. Here are some measures that can be taken to prevent this condition:

1. Proper wound closure: The incision should be closed carefully and securely to prevent any gaping or separation.
2. Appropriate dressing: The wound should be covered with an appropriate dressing to promote healing and prevent infection.
3. Good surgical technique: The surgeon should use proper surgical techniques to minimize tissue trauma and promote healing.
4. Proper postoperative care: Patients should receive proper postoperative care, including monitoring of vital signs and wound status.
5. Early recognition and treatment: Any signs of dehiscence should be recognized early and treated promptly to prevent further complications.


Surgical wound dehiscence is a serious complication that can occur after surgery, resulting in unstable or gaping wounds. Prompt recognition and treatment are essential to prevent further complications and promote healing. Proper wound closure, appropriate dressing, good surgical technique, proper postoperative care, and early recognition and treatment can help prevent surgical wound dehiscence. By taking these measures, patients can achieve a successful outcome and avoid potential complications.

1. Strains and sprains: These are common injuries that occur when the muscles or ligaments in the foot are stretched or torn. They can be caused by overuse or sudden movement.
2. Fractures: A fracture is a break in a bone. In the foot, fractures can occur in any of the five long bones (metatarsals) or the heel bone (calcaneus).
3. Plantar fasciitis: This is a common condition that affects the plantar fascia, a band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot. It can cause pain and stiffness in the heel and bottom of the foot.
4. Achilles tendinitis: This is an inflammation of the Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. It can cause pain and stiffness in the back of the ankle.
5. Bunions and hammertoes: These are deformities that can occur when the bones in the foot are not properly aligned. They can cause pain, swelling, and stiffness in the foot.
6. Infections: Foot injuries can increase the risk of developing an infection, especially if they become exposed to bacteria or other microorganisms. Signs of an infection may include redness, swelling, warmth, and pain.
7. Ulcers: These are open sores that can develop on the skin of the foot, often as a result of diabetes or poor circulation. They can be difficult to heal and can lead to further complications if left untreated.

Treatment for foot injuries will depend on the severity of the injury and may include rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) as well as physical therapy exercises to improve strength and flexibility. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair damaged tissues or realign bones.

Types of Finger Injuries

1. Cuts and Lacerations: These are the most common type of finger injury and can occur when the skin is cut or torn due to a sharp object or blunt force.
2. Sprains and Strains: These injuries occur when the ligaments or muscles in the fingers are stretched or torn, causing pain and swelling.
3. Fractures: Finger fractures can occur when the bones in the finger are broken due to a direct blow or crushing force.
4. Dislocations: This occurs when the bones in the finger are forced out of their normal position.
5. Tendon Injuries: Tendons connect muscles to bones and can become injured due to overuse or sudden strain.
6. Nerve Injuries: Finger injuries can also affect the nerves, causing numbness, tingling, or pain in the fingers.

Causes of Finger Injuries

1. Accidents: Car accidents, falls, and other accidents can cause finger injuries.
2. Sports: Contact sports such as basketball, football, and hockey can lead to finger injuries due to collisions or falls.
3. Work-related Activities: Jobs that involve manual labor or heavy machinery can increase the risk of finger injuries.
4. Overuse: Repetitive movements or overuse of the fingers can lead to injuries such as tendonitis or sprains.
5. Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions such as arthritis, gout, and diabetes can increase the risk of finger injuries.

Symptoms of Finger Injuries

1. Pain: Pain is the most common symptom of finger injuries, ranging from mild to severe.
2. Swelling: Swelling in the affected finger or fingers can occur due to inflammation or bruising.
3. Limited Mobility: Finger injuries can limit mobility and make it difficult to move the fingers or perform everyday activities.
4. Deformity: In severe cases, finger injuries can cause deformities such as bone misalignment or muscle imbalance.
5. Numbness or Tingling: Finger injuries can cause numbness or tingling sensations in the affected fingers.

Treatment of Finger Injuries

1. Rest: Resting the injured finger and avoiding activities that exacerbate the injury is essential for recovery.
2. Ice: Applying ice to the affected area can reduce swelling and relieve pain.
3. Compression: Wrapping the injured finger with a bandage or compression glove can help reduce swelling and stabilize the joints.
4. Elevation: Elevating the injured hand above heart level can reduce swelling and promote healing.
5. Medications: Over-the-counter pain medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen can relieve pain and reduce inflammation.
6. Immobilization: Immobilizing the injured finger with a splint or cast can help promote healing and prevent further injury.
7. Physical Therapy: Gentle exercises and stretches can help improve mobility and strength in the affected finger.
8. Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair damaged tissues or realign bones.

Prevention of Finger Injuries

1. Warm-up Exercises: Performing warm-up exercises before engaging in physical activities can help prevent finger injuries by increasing blood flow and flexibility.
2. Proper Equipment: Using proper equipment such as gloves or protective gear can help prevent finger injuries, especially in sports or high-risk activities.
3. Careful Lifting: Lifting objects with proper technique and using the legs instead of the fingers can help prevent strains and sprains.
4. Finger Stretching: Regular stretching exercises can help improve flexibility and reduce the risk of finger injuries.
5. Strengthening Exercises: Strengthening the muscles in the hand and fingers through exercises such as grip strengthening can help prevent injuries.
6. Avoiding Overuse: Taking regular breaks and avoiding overuse can help prevent fatigue and reduce the risk of finger injuries.

Plastic surgical procedures). ... NB - the terms interpolation flap and pedicle flap can be used ... Below is a list of common and eponymous plastic surgery flaps with their classification and common usage. ( ... interchangeably.) Flap (surgery) Perforator flaps "Sigmoid colon adenocarcinoma local relapse on abdominal wall. Oncological ... "Chimeric Anterolateral Thigh Flap for Total Thoracic Esophageal Reconstruction". Ann. Thorac. Surg. 101 (1): 338-42. doi: ...
Surgical Needle Guide from Novartis. Copyright 2005. Shan R. Baker, ed. (2007). Local flaps in facial reconstruction. Mosby ... A surgical suture, also known as a stitch or stitches, is a medical device used to hold body tissues together and approximate ... Selection of surgical suture should be determined by the characteristics and location of the wound or the specific body tissues ... Media related to Surgical suture at Wikimedia Commons Computer modelling of sutures (Articles with short description, Short ...
In surgical praxis, the abdomen is the primary donor-site for harvesting the tissues to create the free flap, because that ... Indications Identical to SGAP flap. Contraindication The same as for SGAP flap. Technique The TUG flap (also the TMG flap) ... Technique The technique of the MS-TRAM flap is similar to the technique of the DIEAP flap, but the MS-TRAM flap is used if the ... Unlike the DIEAP flap the SIEA flap is not a perforator flap, because the vessels do not perforate the abdominal wall ...
Klein S, Hage JJ, de Weerd L (October 2005). "[Perforator flaps--the evolution of a reconstructive surgical technique]". Ned ... flap Superior gluteal (SGAP) flaps Inferior gluteal (IGAP) flaps Flap (surgery) DIEP flap List of plastic surgery flaps Breast ... The perforator propeller flap is the propeller flap which is used most commonly. It is a perforator flap with a skin island, ... When a flap's blood supply depends on a septal perforator, this flap is called a septal perforator flap. Due to confusion about ...
... allows blood to flow out of the flap). Free autologous tissue transfer is performed by many surgical specialties. Free flaps ... Flap (surgery) Rotation flap TRAM flap Microsurgery List of plastic surgery flaps Perforator flaps Dolan, Robert (2003). Facial ... free flap amongst others. Composite free flaps include the fibular free flap, the DCIA free flap, the scapular free flap and ... The free flap is brought up to the defect area, and the vein and artery from the flap (vascular pedicle) are anastomosed (re- ...
This process shears the flap with minimal damage. Surgical suture List of medical topics Cheese knife Ligature (medicine) ... In this procedure, a triangular partial thickness scleral flap is created using a diamond knife. The scleral flap is then ... The conjunctiva flap can be then secured with 26 10-0 vicryl sutures at either end of the limbus. A single 10-0 vicryl mattress ... The 8-0 nylon suture is taken under the scleral flap. Once this happens, the suture is reversed and the needle is passed ...
Although this flap increases surgical access, it is difficult to re-approximate the tissue. An envelope (horizontal) incision ... Two main flap designs used in endodontic surgery are full and limited mucoperiosteal flaps. Full mucoperiosteal flaps involve ... These topical agents should be removed before closing the surgical site. When the flap has been sutured in position, ... This design provides little surgical access to the root surface. Limited mucoperiosteal flaps have a submarginal horizontal or ...
A surgical procedure known as the Eloesser flap is named for him. Known for his work among the poor and indigent, Dr. Eloesser ... In the Spanish Civil War he saw service with the Lincoln Battalion at Teruel and on the Ebro front with his own Mobile Surgical ... Denlinger, Chadrick E. (2010). "Eloesser Flap Thoracostomy Window". Operative Techniques in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ...
Ancillary surgical procedure and flaps, in Unger W, Shapiro R et al. Hair Transplantation 5th edition. London Informa ... The surgeon will usually close the wound with 2 layers of sutures or surgical clips. The resultant scar from hairline ... In males with progressive baldness, the surgical scar may become more visible as balding advances. Hair thinning from "shock ... Hairline lowering (alternately, a scalp advancement or forehead reduction) is a surgical technique that allows an individual to ...
A few surgeons offer a procedure known as surgical flap augmentations in which small sections of skin near the lips or inside ... Surgical applications usually require general anesthesia.[citation needed] Restylane, a non-animal, clear gel that is reported ... Of the 90 patients, four required surgical intervention due to nodules in the lips. Gore-Tex implants. In medical uses, Gore- ... Lip enhancement: surgical Alternatives and Histologic Aspects. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. 105(3):1173-1183, March 2000 ...
... and the time required for suturing scleral flaps a nd closing the conjunctiva, so the total surgical time is significantly ... modified the scleral flap making by lifting only two edges of the flap and keeping the flap adherent at the point of haptic ... This technique was further modified by making scleral flaps and creating scleral pockets for tucking the haptics. The flaps are ... 3. The flaps get hidden beneath the lid margin in the fornices. So cosmetically it looks better. 4. Extra length of the haptic ...
When the process becomes chronic, wide surgical excision is the procedure of choice. Wounds in the affected area do not heal by ... For example, the axilla with a fully excised defect of 15 × 7 cm can be covered with a thoracodorsal artery perforator flap.[ ... Another option is covering the defect with a perforator flap. With this technique, the (mostly totally excised) defect is ... Axillary hyperhidrosis, apocrine bromhidrosis, hidradenitis suppurativa, and familial benign pemphigus: surgical approach. In: ...
Larger and more problematic defects were treated using surgical procedure known as flaps. Galen, another Roman doctor likely ... Ancient Roman oral surgical tools included the dental drill, chisels, bone levers, tooth and stump forceps. The ancient Romans ... Tooth extraction is an oral surgical procedure conducted for the purpose of removing teeth. In ancient Rome, it may have been ...
Given the nature of the surgical incisions to the gluteus maximus muscles, the therapeutic management of post-surgical pain (at ... Sozer, S; Agullo, F; Palladino, H (2008). "Autologous augmentation gluteoplasty with a dermal fat flap". Aesthetic Surgery ... The applicable techniques for surgical and correction include the surgical emplacement of gluteal implants; autologous tissue- ... After completing the surgical corrections and the lipoinjection contouring of the pertinent area(s) of the gluteal region, the ...
Also, the flap may be too wide and occlude the lateral ports. There are higher rates of surgical failure in children with a ... superior based flaps continue to be the most popular pharyngeal flap choice, yet inferior based flaps are easier for the ... In this flap, lateral ports exist on both sides of the pharyngeal flap to assist in drainage, nasal breathing, and nasal ... Taking a different approach, Padgett (1930) utilized a superiorly based flap for cleft palate patients whose primary surgical ...
Surgical options, such as follicle transplants, scalp flaps, and hair loss reduction, are available. These procedures are ... Wigs are an alternative to medical and surgical treatment; some patients wear a wig or hairpiece. They can be used permanently ...
The surgical procedures include crown lengthening, frenectomy, and mucogingival flap surgery. Some contraindications include: ... Full thickness flap involves incision down to bone. Using blunt dissection, the flap is raised from bone. Full thickness flap ... It provides limited mobility of flap and is unsuitable for grafting. Split thickness flap involves sharp cutting of tissues and ... Gingivectomy Apically repositioned flap (APF) surgery Apically repositioned flap (APF) with osseous reduction (osteoplasty/ ...
Surgical techniques for cleft palate in dogs include prosthesis, mucosal flaps, and microvascular free flaps. Affected animals ... Movement of the flaps; flap A is moved between B and C. C is rotated slightly while B is pushed down. Pre-operation Post- ... Orthognathic surgery - surgical cutting of bone to realign the upper jaw (osteotomy). The bone is cut then re-positioned and ... However, combinations of surgical methods and repeated surgeries are often necessary as the child grows. One of the new ...
After surgical interventions, speech therapy is necessary to learn how to control the newly constructed flaps. Posterior ... Two small flaps are made on the left and right side of the entrance to the nasal cavity, attached to the back of the throat. ... This flap remains attached on one side (usually at the top). The other side is attached to (parts of) the soft palate. This ... In the presence of a cleft palate, either of these systems can be helpful in evaluating the need for an appliance or surgical ...
The fibula osteocutaneous flap: Concise review, goal-oriented surgical technique, and tips and tricks. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. ... Reliability of the fibular osteocutaneous flap for mandible reconstruction: Anatomical and surgical confirmation. Plast. ... His initial experience with the fibula free flap for mandible reconstruction was documented in the publication Fibula Free Flap ... 121:320e, 2008 Hidalgo, DA, Fibula free flap: A new method of mandible reconstruction. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 84:71, 1989. ...
"A new surgical technique for concealed penis using an advanced musculocutaneous scrotal flap". BMC Urology. 15 (1): 54. doi: ... In these cases, the released shaft includes a skin graft or local flaps. The other probability of this mechanism is that, since ... In such cases, the released shaft needs no skin graft or local flaps. For both mechanisms, the preputial skin is inadequately ... "New Surgical Technique for the Treatment of Congenital Concealed Penis". PracticeUpdate. Retrieved 2020-12-16. El Gohary, ...
5.3 million inpatient specialty surgical hospital (to be called Central Montana Surgical Hospital). (Instead, Poulsen ended up ... "Great Flap in Montana." Modern Healthcare. September 15, 1997. American Bar Association, p. 152-153. Shinkman, Ron. "For the ... "Clinic Buys Surgical Hospital." Great Falls Tribune. January 26, 2006. Shinkman, Ron. "Monopoly Is For the Benefis of None." ... Benefis also said it stood to lose $4 million a year in revenues if Central Montana Surgical Hospital was licensed as a general ...
... was used prior to 1975 as a surgical treatment for children with cleft palate. In this procedure, the vomer ... This procedure can be used to reconstruct the nasal or oral surfaces by either raising the vomer or creating a flap. Surgical ... A follow-up study of cleft children treated with vomer flap as part of a three-stage soft tissue surgical procedure. ... defective mid-facial growth found in some patients caused the vomer flap procedure to begin to decline drastically in surgical ...
The surgical procedure involves closure of the nasal cavity affected with atrophic rhinitis by creating mucocutaneous flaps. ... These flaps are sutured together in two layers: first the mucosal layer, then the skin layer. The nasal cavity is kept closed ... All articles with unsourced statements, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2022, Surgical procedures and ...
Vascularised bone flaps are known to be the most effective mode of reconstruction. Research to treat ORN at a molecular level ... Surgical management is usually required in cases of advanced disease, or if conservative measures fail to work. Methods used to ... This is in order to improve local blood circulation, with resection of necrotic bone and reconstruction with a free flap. ... Surgery: The procedures involved in the surgical management of ORN are as listed: Removal of small sequestra, sequestrectomy, ...
A mucoperiosteal flap is raised overlying the cyst and the entire cyst subsequently removed. The defect is completely closed by ... Cysts treatment is limited to surgical removal for the majority of cysts. There are two techniques used to manage cysts with ... Marsupialization-the creation of a window into the wall of a cyst by raising a mucoperiosteal flap and attaching the cyst ... This may be undertaken when cysts are very large, and their removal would leave a significant surgical defect or risk jaw ...
Pharyngeal Flap Surgery The superiorly based or inferiorly based pharyngeal flap surgical procedure offers an alternative to ... A preoperative assessment of such adduction can serve as a surgical guide to how wide a pharyngeal flap must be to be ... Contraindications to pharyngeal flap surgical procedures, thus, include nominal measures of lateral pharyngeal wall adduction. ... With this in mind, pharyngeal flap surgical candidates should undertake a preoperative nasoendoscopic examination by an ...
By the end of the mission, the team carried out 7 free flaps (microsurgery), 5 sub-mental flaps and a number of facial ... Surgical Treatment of Noma Saleh, Daniel Bernard MB, ChB, BSc; Fourie, Le Roux MD; Mizen, Kelvin D. BDS, MBChB. (2012).The ... Facing Africa's surgical work is presented in medical journals and conferences by its medical volunteers, not only benefiting ... The charity also supports various research and publications about noma, such as Surgical Treatment of Noma by K.E. Bos and K.W ...
Following pharyngeal flap surgery, depending on size and position, the flap itself may have an "obturator" or obstructive ... Surgical treatments to modify airway anatomy, known as sleep surgery, are varied and must be tailored to the specific airway ... Turbinectomy is a surgical procedure in which all or some of the turbinate bones are removed to relieve nasal obstruction. ... One of the surgical treatments for velopalatal insufficiency involves tailoring the tissue from the back of the throat and ...
Machat was also the first refractive surgeon to use the Intralase femtosecond laser for flap creation in March 2003. Machat was ... Jeff Machat MD, FRCSC, DABO is an ophthalmologist in the United States and Canada specializing in surgical vision correction ... Emil W. Chynn; Insun Lee; Miten Vasa (April 15, 2003). "Flap striae after LASIK can be treated successfully". Retrieved August ... instrumental in the development of software, techniques and surgical instruments for LASIK and PRK. He is the originator of the ...
In 2008, Labra, et al., from Mexico, published a variation of UP3, by adding a uvulopalatal flap, in order to avoid such ... UPPP is also offered to sleep apnea patients who opt for a more comprehensive surgical procedure known as the "Stanford ... The contributing factors in the variability of success include the pre-surgical size of the tonsils, palate, uvula and tongue ... In 2002, an Atlanta-based surgical team, led by Dr. Jeffrey Prinsell, published results which have approximated those of the ...
... "this statement reflects our strong commitment to surgical patient safety." On the issue of surgical volume, Hoyt reported the ... Reporter, Liz Kowalczyk-. "For surgeons working in the OR, a flap over headwear - The Boston Globe". Retrieved ... Greenfield's editorial about Valentine's Day." When the efficacy of surgical caps were called into question by inspectors, who ... explaining that the bill worked against the interests of patient safety and maintaining the highest standards of surgical care ...
... advancement flaps, Orticochea flaps and rotation flaps. All these transpositions generate tension of the skin and may distort ... Before surgical intervention this was the only option available, as used to treat Robert McGee in 1864.[citation needed] ... When bulk is needed for a better contour a free flap is used, or as shown in the pictures, a regional flap. If the skin defect ... This includes pedicled flaps as the trapezius or supraclavicular flap or tissue expansion of nearby regions. Alternatively, the ...
The Eloesser flap is a surgical procedure developed by Dr. Leo Eloesser in 1935 at the San Francisco General Hospital. It was ... Prior to the development of the Eloesser flap in the 1930s, the main surgical treatments for chronic tuberculous empyema were ... The section of rib under the top of the flap was also removed. The finger-like skin flap was then inserted into the cavity made ... The flap allows for 1) passive drainage of the pleural space and 2) negative pressure to develop in the thoracic cavity due to ...
A triangular scleral flap is created which is approximately one-half as thick as the sclera. Trepanation is performed with a 2 ... Trabeculectomy is a surgical procedure used in the treatment of glaucoma to relieve intraocular pressure by removing part of ... A partial thickness flap with its base at the corneoscleral junction is then made in the sclera after careful cauterization of ... The scleral flap is then sutured loosely back in place with several sutures. The conjunctiva is closed in a watertight fashion ...
Wisconsin the Gundersen flap, a surgical procedure developed by Trygve Gundersen Gunderson (disambiguation) This disambiguation ...
Suturing, Steri-Strips (adhesive skin closure strips), and tissue adhesive wound closure (gluing of wounds) Minor surgical ... procedures in the field (such as removal of skin flaps) Urinary catheterization (placing a Foley catheter.) System-based ...
Here, a partial thickness flap is made in the scleral wall of the eye, and a window opening is made under the flap to remove a ... The most common surgical approach currently used for the treatment of glaucoma is trabeculectomy, in which the sclera is ... in which instead of puncturing the scleral bed and trabecular meshwork under a scleral flap, a second deep scleral flap is ... The scleral flap is then sutured loosely back in place to allow fluid to flow out of the eye through this opening, resulting in ...
Surgical Oncology. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001:20B_1015-1053. Brennan MF, Healey JH. Soft Tissue, Sarcoma and Bone Tumors. ... "Reconstruction of oncologic tibial defects in children using vascularized fibula flaps". Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 129 (1): 195- ... John H. Healey (born 1952) is an American cancer surgeon, researcher, and expert in the surgical treatment of benign and ... surgical technique". J Bone Joint Surg Am. 92 Suppl 1 Pt 2: 188-96. doi:10.2106/JBJS.J.00167. PMID 20844174. Manoso MW, Boland ...
Additionally, she refined facial reconstructive surgical concepts such as maintaining the patency of the nasal valve during ... was alleviated by the novel technique of creating a cartilage batten to restore the lost cartilage prior to placing the flap. ... Robinson conducted seminal research on immunoperoxidase staining of frozen sections to detect skin cancer in surgical specimens ...
Flap reconstruction is another method to rebuild the breast surgically. There are various kinds of flaps to choose depending on ... Surgical treatment for breast defects such as mastectomy is also applicable to treat patients with amastia. Tissue expansion is ...
A New Surgical Procedure for Phallic Reconstruction: Istanbul Flap by Mutaf, Mehmet (Journal of Plastic and Reconstructive ... The no-touch surgical technique for penile prosthesis implantation is a surgical procedure developed by J. Francois Eid for the ... A Novel Single-Flap Technique for Total Penile Reconstruction: The Pedicled Anterolateral Thigh Flap by Lee, Gordon K.; Lim, ... Nerves from the flap and the tissue it has been attached to may eventually connect. The disadvantages include: Uses a motor ...
Chivil (チビル, Chibiru) is a small imp from Hell that travels to Penguin Village through the volcano in Mount Flap-Flap (パタパタ山, ... or a man wearing a surgical mask. As a bird or robot he is voiced by Isamu Tanonaka, and as a human he is voiced by Hideyuki ...
Levy, Martin; Pryor, Karen; McKeon, Theresa (April 2016). "Is Teaching Simple Surgical Skills Using an Operant Learning Program ... a series of safety experiments in which a person drives an automobile on a major highway while a visor repeatedly flaps down ... "Surgical Management of an Epidemic of Penile Amputations in Siam"-techniques which they recommend, except in cases where the ... "Surgical management of an epidemic of penile amputations in siam". The American Journal of Surgery. 146 (3): 376-382. doi: ...
The surgical procedure performed to correct the condition rendered him mute. Tod Browning died alone at his Malibu home on ... flapping bats, spooky graveyards, moaning organs, cobwebs thick as curtains -- and bound it all together with bits of obscure ...
Maxwell was the surgeon and co-author of the first successful report of microsurgical transfer of the latissimus muscle flap, ... His work on concepts of matching implants and surgical techniques to individual soft-tissue characteristics in cosmetic and ... Clugston PA, Gingrass MK, Azurin D, Fisher J, Maxwell GP (Jan 2000). "Ipsilateral pedicled TRAM flaps: the safer alternative ... Maxwell GP; Stueber, K; Hoopes, JE (September 1978). "A free latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap: case report". Plastic and ...
Pectoralis major flap", Flaps and Reconstructive Surgery, Edinburgh: W.B. Saunders, pp. 175-192, doi:10.1016/b978-0-7216-0519- ... Surgical Pitfalls, Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, pp. 475-487, doi:10.1016/b978-141602951-9.50058-x, ISBN 978-1-4160-2951-9, ... Surgical & Radiologic Anatomy. 33 (2): 105-108. doi:10.1007/s00276-010-0712-7. PMID 20721553. S2CID 6959180. Larsen, Mikko; ... The Pectoralis Major Myocutaneous Flap", Current Therapy In Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Saint Louis: W.B. Saunders, pp. 566 ...
Two surgical teams in the USA are currently able to reconstruct the canal at the same time as the external ear in a single ... Using the porous framework, which allows the patient's tissue to grow into the material and the patient's own tissue flap, a ... Repairing aural atresia is a very detailed and complicated surgical procedure which requires an expert in atresia repair. While ... surgical stage (one stage ear reconstruction). In cases where a later surgical reconstruction of the external ear of the child ...
7 citations "General surgical pearls" for the anterior exposure of vertebral fractures. Barone, G. W., Pait, T. G., Eidt, J. F ... 1998 Sep 1. Muscle and musculocutaneous flap coverage of exposed spinal fusion devices. Hochberg, J., Ardenghy, M., Yuen, J., ... They have a surgical spine specialist, a nonsurgical spine specialist, a spine psychiatrist, a pain management specialist, a ...
Several surgical treatment options exist to restore symmetry to the paralyzed face in patients where function does not return ( ... "Dynamic Reanimation of Smile in Facial Paralysis with Gracilis Functioning Free Muscle Flap Innervated by Masseteric Nerve: The ... The facial paralysis can follow immediately the trauma due to direct damage to the facial nerve, in such cases a surgical ... Otitis media, trauma, or post-surgical complications may alternatively become apparent from history and physical examination. ...
... done a report of the nasal pyramid with a cutaneous flap had been taken from the frontal region which shows signs of surgical ... "Surgical" and "prosthesis" were terms used in conjunction with each other by Martin for the first time in De la prothèse ... mutilated others had been retaliated by punishment which had restored lost parts which encouraged a few attempts at surgical ... who had the clinical knowledge tinged with medicine in the military which gave the first maxillofacial prosthesis with surgical ...
In 1968, Lapidot used this principle in piglets to show that a flap of thyroid cartilage rotated on perichondrium to replace a ... 2014). Airway reconstruction surgical dissection manual. San Diego, California: Plural. ISBN 978-1-59756-572-1. Winslow, JR ( ... Laryngotracheal reconstruction is a surgical procedure that involves expanding or removing parts of the airway to widen a ... "Trapdoor" thyrochondroplasty flap". Archives of Otolaryngology. 88 (5): 529-535. doi:10.1001/archotol.1968.00770010531014. ISSN ...
Skin Structure and Surgical Anatomy", Surgery of the Skin, Edinburgh: Mosby, pp. 3-23, doi:10.1016/b978-0-323-02752-6.50006-7, ... Local and Regional Flap Reconstruction of Maxillofacial Defects", Maxillofacial Surgery (Third Edition), Churchill Livingstone ...
Vocal fold tissue can be preserved during surgery by raising a micro-flap, removing the cyst, then laying the flap back down. ... Vocal fold cysts are most responsive when surgical intervention is supplemented with voice therapy. Applying vocal therapy ...
Many surgical approaches are used in the treatment of advanced periodontitis, including open flap debridement and osseous ... "The effect of local and systemic statin use as an adjunct to non-surgical and surgical periodontal therapy-A systematic review ... Systemic drug delivery in conjunction with non-surgical therapy may be used as a means to reduce the percentage of the ... The goal of periodontal surgery is access for definitive calculus removal and surgical management of bony irregularities which ...
He has co-authored, in two consecutive editions, the committees' handbooks' chapters on 'Surgical Treatment and Mechanical ... for having described a new penile dermal flap operation for Peyronie's disease - a disease which can cause impotence. ...
He started Lifestyle Lift in 2001 with one office and has grown it to over 50 surgical, consultation and affiliated offices ... The procedure is advertised as a minimally invasive, short-flap face lift performed under local anesthesia. The procedure ...
Plastic surgeons use cosmetic surgical principles in all reconstructive surgical procedures as well as isolated operations to ... Free flaps of skin, muscle, bone, fat, or a combination may be removed from the body, moved to another site on the body, and ... the most surgical procedure performed in the U.S. was Rhinoplasty (Nose reshaping)accounting for 15.2% of all cosmetic surgical ... Von Graefe modified the Italian method using a free skin graft from the arm instead of the original delayed pedicle flap. The ...
Central polydactyly of the foot: surgical management with plantar and dorsal advancement flaps Emily J Osborn 1 , Jon R Davids ... Central polydactyly of the foot: surgical management with plantar and dorsal advancement flaps Emily J Osborn et al. J Pediatr ... Free sensate medial plantar flap for contralateral plantar forefoot reconstruction with flap reinnervation using end-to-side ... Surgical Reconstruction of Metatarsal Type Preaxial Polydactyly Using an Amalgamating Osteotomy. Boyle MJ, Hogue GD, Kasser JR. ...
The subclavian flap repair was applied to 22 patients (51%) and resection with extended end-to-end anastomosis technique to 21 ... Methods: Outcomes of two different surgical repairs for coarctation of the aorta in 43 infants were evaluated retrospectively. ... Both the subclavian flap repair and resection with extended end-to-end anastomosis for coarctation of the aorta in infants ... The aims of the study were to analyze the importance of two different surgical procedures, and to determine outcomes for ...
Start Over You searched for: Subjects Surgical Flaps ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Surgical Flaps Publication Year 1920 to 1929 ...
Mobile Surgical Vet - Copyright © 2023 ...
Management of major complications in surgical treatment of mandibular osteoradionecrosis by using vascularized free flaps].. ... surgical methods and postoperative complications, were collected. The data of surgical methods and postoperative complications ... In the control group, surgeries of vascularized free flap transfer were performed in 430 patients with malignant tumor. Among ... The incidence of postoperative complications in mandibular ORN was much higher than that of vascularized free flap transfer ...
The options range from simple side-to-side closure to more complex closures that use skin flaps and grafts. ... Several options are available to the dermatologic surgeon for the closure of surgical defects. ... Surgical gem: island advancement flaps for lip reconstruction. Australas J Dermatol. 2014 Aug. 55 (3):201-3. [QxMD MEDLINE Link ... encoded search term (Advancement Flaps in Dermatologic Surgery) and Advancement Flaps in Dermatologic Surgery What to Read Next ...
... Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 Feb;81(2):714-6. ... The reconstruction was completed using a conduit composed of a radial forearm free flap for lining with a combined PolyMax mesh ...
... such modeling can allow for the optimization of flap design and a potential reduction in complications such as flap dehiscence ... The authors conclude that finite element modeling may be used to effectively predict areas of increased flap tension. Performed ... Finite element method-based computer-aided simulation on surgical operation processes. Zhao Y, Yang Z, Chen L, Peng Y. Zhao Y, ... the direct advancement flap and the double back-cut flap. The authors advanced both flaps parallel and perpendicular to the ...
To describe a series of cases of lower limb reconstruction using an axial reverse flow flap (propeller flap) after melanoma ... Random flaps (such as the keystone area flap) have reduced mobility and poor vascularization. Muscle flaps are used today with ... In the cases reported here, there was no partial or total necrosis of the flaps, but one of the cases evolved with surgical ... Propeller flaps are also subject to complications, the most worrisome of which is partial or total necrosis of the flap. Other ...
A unique porcine dissection model, extra and intra-vascular views and a digital microscopy laboratory are all being utilised right now on our Microsurgery & Flap Dissection Course.. ...
After the site heals, apply SPF 30 or higher sunscreen to surgical sites if exposed to the sun. ... Local flaps - self-care; Regional flaps - self-care; Distant flaps - self-care; Free flap - self-care; Skin autografting - self ... Sometimes a flap is moved to a new site and the blood vessel is surgically reconnected. This is called a free flap. ... After surgery, you will have two wounds, the graft or flap itself and the donor site. Donor sites for grafts and flaps are ...
Zippered Tram Flap/ Tummy Tuck Panty Girdle. $72.00. - $75.00. The zippered Tram Flap/Tummy Tuck heavy compression panty girdle ... Be the first to review "Zippered Tram Flap/ Tummy Tuck Panty Girdle" Cancel reply. You must be logged in to post a review. ...
A prospective randomized trial comparing MUTAF technique with Limberg flap technique in surgical treatment of chronic pilonidal ... In Mutaf technique due to double flap there is less flap tension reduced postoperative pain and early return to work. In both ... This study is a prospective randomized trial comparing MUTAF technique with Limberg flap reconstruction in the management of ... from June 2018 to June 2019 who were treated for chronic pilonidal sinus by comparing MUTAF technique with Limberg flap ...
Blepharoplasty Body contouring Chemical peels Cryosurgery Curettage and desiccation Dermabrasion Excision and closure Flap ... Surgical Conundrum: Transcartilage Island Pedicle Flap for a Scapha Defect. Wang, Steven Q.; Goldberg, Leonard H.; Asadi, Arash ... Surgical Treatment of Aplasia Cutis Congenita with Acellular Dermal Graft and Cultured Epithelial Autograft. Chung, Ki Ho; Kim ... Should We Perform Surgical Debridement in Calciphylaxis?. Bechara, Falk G.; Altmeyer, Peter; Kreuter, Alexander ...
Surgical procedure. LD flap reconstruction was mainly indicated in Tis/T1/T2 and N0/N1 patients. Nipple sparing mastectomy (NSM ... The LD flap reconstruction performed at our facility is a so-called extended LD flap reconstruction (3). The extended LD flap, ... Findings after axillary dissection in case 2. Presence of the LD flap limited visualization of the surgical field, making the ... The LD flap, especially the extended LD flap, is usually rotated anteriorly through the axilla. However, if future additional ...
6 Dental Implants Placement without Surgical Incisions or Flaps for a Full-Arch Implant Prosthesis. Case ID: 3778 ... For this case, a free-handed surgical approach was used instead of utilizing surgical templates (guides). In addition, 4 teeth ... 10 teeth were extracted and 6 dental implants were immediately placed without making any surgical incisions or flaps. FLAPLESS ... SURGERIES can be performed using surgical templates (guides) that are made in the dental laboratory prior to the procedure that ...
Keywords: cleft earlobe, surgical repair, Millards rotation-advancement flap, TRAUMATIC CLEFT * Çukurova University Affiliated ... A new technique for the surgical repair of double cleft earlobe: modified Millards rotation-advancement flap ...
Surgical SAC classification. SAC Level. Advanced. Defining Characteristics. One missing tooth to be replaced by an implant- ... Peri-implantitis Treated with Access-Flap Surgery. Clinical Case Report. * Excess Cement Resulting in Peri-implant Infection ... Surgical SAC classification. Advanced. Prosthodontic SAC classification. Advanced. Source. Treatment Guide 3. Purchase price. ... Not applicable to the ERA of immediate placement cases and replaced by "Socket Integrity" listed below under "Surgical SAC ...
Other Flaps and Grafts Procedures - Codify by AAPC ... "The surgical microscopy is employed when the surgical services ... Surgical Repair (Closure) Procedures on the Integumentary System, ... In a local flap, the flap is taken from the area surrounding the wound. In such cases one end of the flap remains connected to ... A myocutaneous flap includes the muscle tissue and the skin layers above it. The flap is taken from a donor site and placed at ...
... muscle flap reinforcement; hernia repair including abdominal, inguinal, femoral, diaphragmatic, scrotal, umbilical, and ... Intended for implantation to reinforce soft tissue where weakness exists and for surgical repair of damaged or ruptured soft ... XenMatrix™ AB Surgical Graft should not be used on patients with known sensitivity to porcine products. ... XenMatrix™ AB Surgical Graft, Rectangle, 3.9 in x 7.9 in (10 cm x 20 cm). ...
Submental island flaps. Surgical technique and possible variations in facial reconstruction].. Pelissier P; Casoli V; Martin D ... Submental island flap versus radial forearm free flap for oral tongue reconstruction: a comparison of complications and ... Application of flap in repair of heel skin and soft tissue defect].. Li L; Xue C; Li J; Zhang J; Xing X. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong ... Bilobed perforator free flaps for combined hemitongue and floor-of-the-mouth defects.. Longo B; Ferri G; Fiorillo A; Rubino C; ...
Improved outcome of surgical flaps treated with topical dimethylsulfoxide. Ann Surg 1996;224:583-9. View abstract. ...
Evaluation of Results of Surgical Correction for Coarctation of Aorta by Subclavian Flap Aortoplasty(SCFA) and other Methods in ... Patients & Method: In this retrospective study, the results of surgical repairs for coarctation of aorta in 188 patients under ... The most common methods of surgical treatment included patch-graft aortoplasty(59%), resection with end-to-end anastomosis(20.7 ... Regarding fewer complications in SCFA method, it provides an excellent method of surgical repair especially in young age. ...
Five flaps survived with no complications. However, partial necrosis occurred in one flap. Conclusion A DIEP flap is not the ... Five flaps survived with no complications. However, partial necrosis occurred in one flap. Conclusion A DIEP flap is not the ... Five flaps survived with no complications. However, partial necrosis occurred in one flap. Conclusion A DIEP flap is not the ... Five flaps survived with no complications. However, partial necrosis occurred in one flap. Conclusion A DIEP flap is not the ...
The lateral dissection is aided by retroilluminating the skin muscle flap. When lower lid myectomy is required, adequate access ... The mainstay of surgical treatment of spasm of the orbicularis oculi is myectomy. [63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68] An older procedure, ... Surgical Care. In patients with blepharospasm who do not improve sufficiently with an adequate trial of botulinum toxin ... Surgical management of essential blepharospasm. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2005 Oct. 38(5):1075-98. [QxMD MEDLINE Link]. ...
Surgical Flaps. 1. 2007. 1634. 0.010. Why? Mice, Inbred C57BL. 1. 2017. 22663. 0.010. Why? ...
  • In 7 of the unilateral cases, the mean forefoot radiographic width of the affected side, after surgical resection and reconstruction of the central polydactyly, was 2% greater than the contralateral, uninvolved side. (
  • Johnson-Jahangir H, Stevenson M, Ratner D. Modified flap design for symmetric reconstruction of the apical triangle of the upper lip. (
  • Surgical gem: island advancement flaps for lip reconstruction. (
  • Goldberg LH, Alam M. Horizontal advancement flap for symmetric reconstruction of small to medium-sized cutaneous defects of the lateral nasal supratip. (
  • Meanwhile, among 430 patients with malignant tumor who underwent surgeries of vascular free flap reconstruction, 25 cases (5.8%) had postoperative local infection and 29 cases (6.7%) had pulmonary infection . (
  • The reconstruction was completed using a conduit composed of a radial forearm free flap for lining with a combined PolyMax mesh (Synthes, Paoli, PA) and Hemashield vascular graft (Boston Scientific, Natick, MA) for rigid support. (
  • To describe a series of cases of lower limb reconstruction using an axial reverse flow flap (propeller flap) after melanoma excision. (
  • Another advantage is that, especially in the reconstruction of defects in the distal third of the leg, they can be alternatives to microsurgical flaps, with lower cost, shorter surgical time, and no need for vascular anastomosis [7]. (
  • To describe five clinical cases in which the helix flap was used for treatment of lower limb reconstruction after melanoma resection. (
  • The zippered Tram Flap/Tummy Tuck heavy compression panty girdle is designed for post surgery recovery after procedures including abdomen, tummy tuck, breast reconstruction, excess skin removal and other surgeries. (
  • This study is a prospective randomized trial comparing MUTAF technique with Limberg flap reconstruction in the management of chronic pilonidal sinus. (
  • At our institution (Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Medical Hospital), latissimus dorsi flap (LD flap) reconstruction without a prosthetic implant is a popular surgical strategy following total mastectomy in patients with breast cancer. (
  • However, if future additional surgery is required for axillary recurrence after LD flap reconstruction, the flap interferes with the visual field, making the surgical procedure more difficult. (
  • Because cases of axillary lymph node recurrence alone are rare, to the best of our knowledge, no paper has reported in detail on the technique and course of lymph node recurrence after LD flap reconstruction. (
  • The present study describes two cases of successful axillary lymph node dissection without sacrificing the flap for breast cancer recurrence after LD flap reconstruction. (
  • A brief analysis of immediate breast reconstruction with an LD flap performed in patients with breast cancer at our institution is also reported. (
  • Among them, latissimus dorsi (LD) flap reconstruction without a prosthetic implant is very popular in Japan and at our institution. (
  • Additionally, LD flap reconstruction reportedly tends to have fewer complications than other autologous tissue reconstructions ( 2 ). (
  • Since we experienced two cases of axillary lymph node recurrence in breast cancer patients after LD flap reconstruction, we report these cases along with a brief summary of patients who underwent immediate LD flap reconstruction at our institution. (
  • The Institutional Review Board of Tokyo Medical and Dental University approved the retrospective review of the medical records of patients who had undergone breast cancer surgery with immediate LD flap reconstruction from February 2005 to December 2018. (
  • LD flap reconstruction was mainly indicated in Tis/T1/T2 and N0/N1 patients. (
  • Blood circulation to the flap is restored through microvascular reconstruction - a process where the physician joins the existing blood vessels on the flap to the vessels at the wound site under microscopic guidance. (
  • Background One-stage reconstruction with 'thin perforator flaps' has been attempted to salvage limbs and restore function. (
  • The deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap is commonly utilized flap in breast reconstruction (BR). (
  • The purpose of this study is to present the versatility of DIEP flaps for the reconstruction of large defects of the extremities. (
  • We also considered the technical differences in the DIEP flap between breast and extremity reconstruction. (
  • Conclusion A DIEP flap is not the first choice for soft tissue defects, but it should be considered for one-stage reconstruction of large defects when the circulation zone of the DIEP flap is considered. (
  • 21. [Reconstruction of the mouth floor using a musculo-mucosal buccinator flap supplied by facial vessels. (
  • 24. [One-stage reconstruction of large through-and-through defect of cheek with a combination of forehead skin flap and sternocleidomastoid island myocutaneous flap after cancer dissection]. (
  • 25. Buccinator myomucosal flap for reconstruction of glossectomy defects. (
  • 31. Submental island flap versus radial forearm free flap for oral tongue reconstruction: a comparison of complications and functional outcomes. (
  • 32. The contralateral based submental island flap for reconstruction of tongue and floor of mouth defects: Reliability and oncological outcome. (
  • 34. Reconstruction of the anterior floor of the mouth using a labial mucosal flap. (
  • 35. [The clinical application of free anteromedial thigh perforator flap in the reconstruction of tongue and mouth floor defect after tongue carcinoma]. (
  • 36. [Primary reconstruction of the anterior sublingual sulcus with a nasolabial flap after the resection of a malignant neoplasm]. (
  • 37. Intra-oral reconstruction using the nasolabial flap. (
  • Surgical technique and possible variations in facial reconstruction]. (
  • The SIEA (superficial inferior epigastric artery) flap is a type of breast reconstruction surgery. (
  • Breast reconstruction is an increasingly common surgical procedure for women who have had a mastectomy. (
  • Breast reconstruction is a surgical procedure that rebuilds a new breast or breasts to resemble a natural breast in appearance and form. (
  • There are two main types of breast reconstruction: implant reconstruction and flap reconstruction. (
  • In flap reconstruction, skin, fat and muscle are taken from elsewhere on the body to make the new breast. (
  • Three years later, she underwent breast reconstruction that used a cutaneomuscular latissimus dorsi flap with a prosthetic implant. (
  • The patient had a tattoo on the skin flap used for the breast reconstruction, and ink has been shown to be a source for rapidly growing mycobacteria other than M. conceptionense ( 6 ). (
  • 1. Combined cutaneous rotation flap and myomucosal tongue flap for reconstruction of an upper lip defect. (
  • 3. Abbe Flap Reconstruction of the Upper Lip. (
  • 4. Split myomucosal advancement flap for reconstruction of a lower lip defect. (
  • 5. Ventral tongue myomucosal flap: a suitable choice for shaved lower vermilion border reconstruction. (
  • 6. Island Flap for Upper-Lip Reconstruction: Analysis of Key Aspects and a Case Series. (
  • 10. Pursuing symmetry in reconstruction of the upper lip apical triangle with a hatchet flap. (
  • 14. Reconstruction of large defect of lower lip and commissure using Karapandzic flap: case report. (
  • 16. Reconstruction of total lower lip defects using radial forearm free flap with subsequent tongue flap. (
  • 19. Local flap reconstruction of acquired lip defects. (
  • The reconstruction of small defects in the maxillofacial region is usually done with local flaps, whereas large defects are reconstructed with a variety of vascularized regional flaps or free flaps, however, defects of moderate size many times represent a challenge to the surgeon. (
  • This flap presents advantages like its constant anatomy, the possibility of providing sufficient muscle bulk, a good healing and a minimal post-operatory morbidity, besides its reliable arc of rotation, which can cover most ipsilateral defects of the palate and maxilla, leading to this technique a preferential place for the reconstruction of moderate size defects of the oral cavity. (
  • 26. Swallowing function in patients with base of tongue cancers treated with primary surgery and reconstructed with a modified radial forearm free flap. (
  • Conclusions: Both the subclavian flap repair and resection with extended end-to-end anastomosis for coarctation of the aorta in infants provide excellent short-term outcomes with lower recurrence rates requiring surgery or angioplasty. (
  • 2005) Extended resection and end-to-end anastomosis for aortic coarctation in infants: results of a tailored surgical approach. (
  • Among the 34 ORN cases (34/104, 32.7%) of segmental resection with vascularized free flap transfer, there were 13 cases (13/34, 38.2%) of postoperative local infection in maxillofacial area, 6 cases (17.6%) of pulmonary infection , 2 cases (5.9%) of venous thrombosis , 3 cases (8.8%) of anastomotic artery rupture and 5 cases (14.7%) of vascular crisis. (
  • From August 2014 to December 2016, at the Plastic Surgery Service at UNIFESP, five patients with defects in the lower limbs after melanoma resection were reconstructed using propeller flap. (
  • This is a retrospective and descriptive study of five patients submitted to the propeller flap - consisting of two "blades" of a propeller, with the perforating vessels located in the center, so that the larger "blade" is rotated in order to close the defect - in the distal third of the lower limbs after resection of primary or metastatic melanoma. (
  • An alternative is the use of flaps that contain both muscle and mucosal tissue, such as the buccinator myomucosal flap. (
  • Learning how to care for skin flaps and grafts can help them heal more quickly and reduce scarring. (
  • The Current Procedural Terminology (CPT ® ) code 15756 as maintained by American Medical Association, is a medical procedural code under the range - Other Flaps and Grafts Procedures. (
  • Methods: Outcomes of two different surgical repairs for coarctation of the aorta in 43 infants were evaluated retrospectively. (
  • 20. Double mental neurovascular V-Y island advancement flaps combined with tongue flaps for functionally reconstructing total lower-lip defects. (
  • Repair of cutaneous and mucosal upper lip defects using double V-Y advancement flaps. (
  • A dorsal nasal advancement flap for off-midline defects. (
  • Columellar advancement flap for midline nasal defects. (
  • Genders RE, van Kester MS. Novel uses of bilateral advancement flaps for tip defects on the nose: Part II. (
  • Tissue expansion is a widely used technique to create skin flaps for the correction of sizable defects in reconstructive plastic surgery. (
  • Microsurgical flaps are time and support structure demanding, and are reserved for large defects. (
  • Methods Patients with large tissue defects on extremities who were treated with thin DIEP flaps from January 2016 to January 2018 were included. (
  • 22. Two submental island flaps for reconstructing oral and maxillofacial defects following cancer ablation. (
  • 27. Bilobed perforator free flaps for combined hemitongue and floor-of-the-mouth defects. (
  • 29. Repair of anterior floor of mouth defects: the island pedicle tongue flap. (
  • Carticel is an autologous cellular product indicated for the repair of symptomatic cartilage defects of the femoral condyle (medial, lateral or trochlea), caused by acute or repetitive trauma, in patients who have had an inadequate response to a prior arthroscopic or other surgical repair procedure (e.g., debridement, microfracture, drilling/abrasion arthroplasty, or osteochondral allograft/autograft). (
  • 17. The transposition advancement flap for repair of postsurgical defects on the upper lip. (
  • Cobanoglu, A., Thyagarajan, G.K. and Dobbs, J.L. (1998) Surgery for Coarctation of the Aorta in Infants Younger than 3 Months: End-to-end Repair versus Subclavian Flap Angioplasty: Is Either Operation Better? (
  • All cases diagnosed as mandibular ORN and received surgical treatment in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery , Guanghua School of Stomatology , Hospital of Stomatology , Sun Yat-sen University from August 2014 to March 2019 were included. (
  • After surgery, you will have two wounds, the graft or flap itself and the donor site. (
  • Materials and methods: This prospective study was conducted in Department of General Surgery in Al Azhar Medical College, from June 2018 to June 2019 who were treated for chronic pilonidal sinus by comparing MUTAF technique with Limberg flap technique. (
  • 33. [Clinical application of irregular anterior lateral femoral flap in hand surgery]. (
  • At day 15 after surgery, a serous discharge appeared in the tip of the skin flap. (
  • Modern plastic surgery involves the advanced techniques of scalp lifts and flaps, scalp reduction and scalp extenders. (
  • found in surgical smoke produced by electrocautery knives during surgery. (
  • Management of major complications in surgical treatment of mandibular osteoradionecrosis by using vascularized free flaps]. (
  • To retrospectively analyze of the prevention and management of major complications in surgical treatment of osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the mandible by using vascularized free flaps and to provide a reference for improving clinical treatments . (
  • The patients ' clinical data, mainly including general information, primary tumor , interval time between radiotherapy and osteoradionecrosis , surgical methods and postoperative complications , were collected. (
  • The data of surgical methods and postoperative complications of these patients were compared with the similar data of patients with malignant tumor surgically treated by using vascularized free flaps during the same period. (
  • Compared with patients with malignant tumors undergoing vascularized free flap transfer surgeries, patients with mandibular ORN undergoing same surgeries are more likely to have postoperative complications . (
  • Major complications following the inset of expanded flaps include breakdown and uncontrolled scarring secondary to excessive tissue tension. (
  • Propeller flaps are also subject to complications, the most worrisome of which is partial or total necrosis of the flap. (
  • The main goal of this study is assessing the frequency of reccurent coarctation after repair and determining the results and complications after subclavian flap aortoplasty. (
  • Conclusion: In conclusion, we believe that surgical repair for neonatal and infantile coarctation gives no rise to incidence of recoarctation and decreases postoperation complications such as HTN(Hypertension). (
  • Regarding fewer complications in SCFA method, it provides an excellent method of surgical repair especially in young age. (
  • We analyzed the etiology and location of the soft tissue defect, flap design, anastomosis type, outcome, and complications. (
  • Five flaps survived with no complications. (
  • A retrospective case series of 22 patients with 27 feet with central polydactyly, treated surgically by the dorsal and plantar advancement flap technique, was performed. (
  • The crescentic advancement flap revisited. (
  • It was repaired with a Burow advancement flap to camouflage suture lines within the preauricular crease. (
  • A Burow advancement flap is planned, which places the suture line along the superolateral aspect of the orbital rim for camouflage. (
  • A Burow advancement flap is sewn into place. (
  • It was repaired with a bilateral advancement flap, which camouflages the suture lines within the preexisting forehead lines. (
  • The authors establish computer-aided design as a tool with which to explore stress profiles for two commonly used flap designs, the direct advancement flap and the double back-cut flap. (
  • 8. Bilateral V-Y advancement flaps with pincer modification for re-creation of large philtrum lip defect. (
  • It was repaired with an island pedicle flap. (
  • 39. [The effect of transferring adjacent non-main vessel pedicle flap on repairing the heel]. (
  • 2013) Long-Term Results of the Subclavian Flap Repair for Coarctation of the Aorta in Infants. (
  • A myocutaneous flap includes the muscle tissue and the skin layers above it. (
  • 23. [10 years' experience on infrahyoid myocutaneous flap]. (
  • The procedure is then called a DIEP flap, from the name of the artery (deep inferior epigastric perforator). (
  • My surgeon did and free flap (15756) and wonders if there is a code for an additional vein anastomosis code? (
  • Patients & Method: In this retrospective study, the results of surgical repairs for coarctation of aorta in 188 patients under 14 who had been treated at the Rajaee Heart Center were evaluated. (
  • Central polydactyly is the least common form of foot polydactyly, and the intercalary location of the duplicated ray makes the surgical exposure, excision, and closure more complex. (
  • Wide surgical excision has long been considered the most definitive surgical therapy for hidradenitis suppurativa. (
  • You will need to care for the flap or graft site as well as the donor site. (
  • Avoid any movement that might stretch or injure the flap or graft. (
  • You may need to have the dressing to your flap or graft site changed by your provider a couple times over 2 to 3 weeks. (
  • XenMatrix™ AB Surgical Graft should not be used on patients with known sensitivity to porcine products. (
  • Postoperative signs of toxicity, as possibly evidenced by worsening renal or hepatic function, or an allergic reaction that is unrelated to other therapy is an indication to consider removal of XenMatrix™ AB Surgical Graft. (
  • The safety and performance of XenMatrix™ AB Surgical Graft in pediatric patients has not been evaluated. (
  • On day 27, she underwent surgical revision with ablation of the breast implant, drainage, and sample collection. (
  • Implantation of the Carticel product is performed during arthrotomy and requires both preparation of the defect bed and a periosteal flap to secure the implant. (
  • Results Overall, six free DIEP flaps were included in the study. (
  • Background: The aims of the study were to analyze the importance of two different surgical procedures, and to determine outcomes for neonates with coarctation of the aorta in two newly established centers. (
  • Myocutaneous (muscle) flaps are used for cosmetic procedures and to aid in repairing a wound. (
  • procedures where surgical smoke is produced. (
  • The surgical procedures took place at 39 medical centers in the United States, Canada and Germany. (
  • See the Carticel Surgical Manual, Vericel document #65021 for instructions on the performance of these procedures. (
  • The necessity of subsequent surgical procedures, primarily arthroscopic, following Carticel implantation is common. (
  • In this patient, use of contaminated aqueous solutions or inadequately rinsed surgical equipment ( 9 ) was unlikely the source of infection because further investigations indicated proper use of sterilized, nonreusable surgical equipment. (
  • However, partial necrosis occurred in one flap. (
  • In the control group , surgeries of vascularized free flap transfer were performed in 430 patients with malignant tumor . (
  • FLAPLESS SURGERIES can be performed using surgical templates (guides) that are made in the dental laboratory prior to the procedure that help aid in the correct placement of the dental implants within the bone. (
  • Any surgical or invasive procedure carries risks. (
  • In the STAR study, 49% of patients underwent a subsequent surgical procedure, irrespective of relationship to Carticel. (
  • The flap is taken from a donor site and placed at the wound site. (
  • In addition, this flap has many advantages over other flaps such as provision of the largest skin paddle, low donor site morbidity with a concealed scar, versatile supercharging technique, and a long pedicle. (
  • Muscle flaps are used today with great discretion, given the enormous morbidity in the donor area. (
  • A unique porcine dissection model, extra and intra-vascular views and a digital microscopy laboratory are all being utilised right now on our Microsurgery & Flap Dissection Course. (
  • Especially in the case of axillary recurrence in patients with an LD flap, passage of the flap through the axilla might interfere with the operation, since it requires careful dissection to preserve the axillary vein, thoracodorsal bundle and long thoracic nerve, in a limited surgical field. (
  • Local skin flaps on the cheeks. (
  • The propeller flap is a type of local flap based on perforating vessels, defined by the Tokyo Consensus (2011) as "a perforating flap with a skin island composed of two parts, one larger and one smaller, separated by a nutrient perforating vessel that corresponds to its axis of rotation" [1]. (
  • Authors such as Donski and Fogdestam described that fasciocutaneous flaps that maintained vascularization through perforators could be larger than the local flaps previously used [3]. (
  • In a local flap, the flap is taken from the area surrounding the wound. (
  • who used an island flap, vascularized by perforating vessels, with an axis of rotation in the pedicle, for the treatment of burn sequelae [2]. (
  • Three flaps were elevated with two perforators. (
  • To help health professionals and patients make informed decisions about what to do in these cases, researchers from the Cardiothoracic Surgical Trials Network (CTSN), which is supported by NHLBI, launched a multi-year randomized clinical trial in 2016 with patients being treated for worsening mitral valve regurgitation with mild to moderate tricuspid regurgitation. (
  • The authors advanced both flaps parallel and perpendicular to the relaxed skin tension lines to quantify the impact of tissue anisotropy on stress distribution profiles. (
  • A skin flap is healthy skin and tissue that is partly detached and moved to cover a nearby wound. (
  • 30. [Application of flap in repair of heel skin and soft tissue defect]. (
  • The SIEA flap uses tissue from a woman's own body to make a new breast. (
  • The tissue, or flap, is attached to the chest along with the new artery. (
  • b]Per CPT book[/b] "The surgical microscopy is employed when the surgical services are performed using the techniques of microsurgery. (
  • Since then, propeller flaps have become increasingly popular, as they have several advantages. (
  • Sometimes a flap is moved to a new site and the blood vessel is surgically reconnected. (
  • In Mutaf technique due to double flap there is less flap tension reduced postoperative pain and early return to work. (
  • By Terri Brame MBA CHC CPC CPCH CGSC CPCI Surgical wound closure can be confusing and vague but you can sew up your wound closure knowledge by returning to the basics. (
  • Carticel should be used only in conjunction with debridement, placement of a periosteal flap and rehabilitation. (
  • For these reasons there is little consensus concerning the optimal technique for surgical management. (
  • The propeller flap is a simple and low cost technique. (
  • Page 42 Conclusion: MUTAF technique can be a good alternative for the treatment of chronic pilonidal sinus because of excellent surgical outcome. (
  • In both Flap techniques natal cleft is flattened and displace the incision scar from midline resulting in low recurrence. (
  • Thoracotomy -- A surgical incision in the chest wall. (
  • The treatment included nonextraction, nonsurgical orthodontic camouflage by en masse distalization of the mandibular teeth using skeletal anchorage devices. (
  • Axial fasciocutaneous flaps are very versatile, but usually require treatment of the donor area. (
  • Nevertheless, it becomes more challenging when a patient refuses any surgical intervention or extraction treatment options. (
  • This case report presents an orthodontic camouflage treatment of an adult patient with a pronounced skeletal Class III malocclusion who did not accept surgical or extraction treatment options. (
  • Mitral valve stenosis -- A narrowing of the mitral valve opening caused by partial fusing of the valve flaps. (
  • 11. Three rhombic flaps for repair of an upper lip wound. (
  • Since Asian breast cancer patients generally have small to moderately-sized breasts, the LD flap provides a natural feel and appearance postoperatively. (
  • Prescribing intravenous or intraosseous BP to cile en rapport avec la gravité de cette pathologie et la patients has become more and more frequent these complexité de ses lésions. (
  • A full discussion of all potential treatments (medical and surgical) for male pattern baldness is indicated for our patients. (
  • ABSTRACT At a hospital in Damman, Saudi Arabia, it was noticed that many patients had developed dry socket after surgical removal of wisdom teeth. (