Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The attitude and behavior associated with an individual using the computer.
Various units or machines that operate in combination or in conjunction with a computer but are not physically part of it. Peripheral devices typically display computer data, store data from the computer and return the data to the computer on demand, prepare data for human use, or acquire data from a source and convert it to a form usable by a computer. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Surgical procedures aimed at affecting metabolism and producing major WEIGHT REDUCTION in patients with MORBID OBESITY.
Familiarity and comfort in using computers efficiently.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.
Systems composed of a computer or computers, peripheral equipment, such as disks, printers, and terminals, and telecommunications capabilities.
A surgical specialty concerned with diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the heart, lungs, and esophagus. Two major types of thoracic surgery are classified as pulmonary and cardiovascular.
A type of MICROCOMPUTER, sometimes called a personal digital assistant, that is very small and portable and fitting in a hand. They are convenient to use in clinical and other field situations for quick data management. They usually require docking with MICROCOMPUTERS for updates.
Surgery performed on the heart.
Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Process of teaching a person to interact and communicate with a computer.
Input/output devices designed to receive data in an environment associated with the job to be performed, and capable of transmitting entries to, and obtaining output from, the system of which it is a part. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The period following a surgical operation.
The branch of surgery concerned with restoration, reconstruction, or improvement of defective, damaged, or missing structures.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Computers in which quantities are represented by physical variables; problem parameters are translated into equivalent mechanical or electrical circuits as an analog for the physical phenomenon being investigated. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Endoscopic surgery of the pleural cavity performed with visualization via video transmission.
The removal of a cataractous CRYSTALLINE LENS from the eye.
Operations carried out for the correction of deformities and defects, repair of injuries, and diagnosis and cure of certain diseases. (Taber, 18th ed.)
The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.
A dental specialty concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disease, injuries, and defects of the human oral and maxillofacial region.
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
Diversion of the flow of blood from the entrance of the right atrium directly to the aorta (or femoral artery) via an oxygenator thus bypassing both the heart and lungs.
Surgery which could be postponed or not done at all without danger to the patient. Elective surgery includes procedures to correct non-life-threatening medical problems as well as to alleviate conditions causing psychological stress or other potential risk to patients, e.g., cosmetic or contraceptive surgery.
A surgical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders and abnormalities of the COLON; RECTUM; and ANAL CANAL.
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.
Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.
Surgery performed on an outpatient basis. It may be hospital-based or performed in an office or surgicenter.
Hospital department which administers all departmental functions and the provision of surgical diagnostic and therapeutic services.
Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Pain during the period after surgery.
Procedures that avoid use of open, invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device.
A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.
Interventions to provide care prior to, during, and immediately after surgery.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Surgery performed on the nervous system or its parts.
Surgery performed on the thoracic organs, most commonly the lungs and the heart.
Small computers that lack the speed, memory capacity, and instructional capability of the full-size computer but usually retain its programmable flexibility. They are larger, faster, and more flexible, powerful, and expensive than microcomputers.
The period during a surgical operation.
Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.
Surgery performed on the eye or any of its parts.
The constant checking on the state or condition of a patient during the course of a surgical operation (e.g., checking of vital signs).
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
Surgery performed on the female genitalia.
The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.
Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Endoscopic surgical procedures performed with visualization via video transmission. When real-time video is combined interactively with prior CT scans or MRI images, this is called image-guided surgery (see SURGERY, COMPUTER-ASSISTED).
That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.
Surgery performed in which part of the STAPES, a bone in the middle ear, is removed and a prosthesis is placed to help transmit sound between the middle ear and inner ear.
Surgical procedure in which the STOMACH is transected high on the body. The resulting small proximal gastric pouch is joined to any parts of the SMALL INTESTINE by an end-to-side SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS, depending on the amounts of intestinal surface being bypasses. This procedure is used frequently in the treatment of MORBID OBESITY by limiting the size of functional STOMACH, food intake, and food absorption.
Loss of blood during a surgical procedure.
Computers whose input, output and state transitions are carried out by biochemical interactions and reactions.
The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.
The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is when data is called from the computer and transmitted to a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY or LIQUID CRYSTAL display.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
The period before a surgical operation.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.
Text editing and storage functions using computer software.
Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
A procedure for removal of the crystalline lens in cataract surgery in which an anterior capsulectomy is performed by means of a needle inserted through a small incision at the temporal limbus, allowing the lens contents to fall through the dilated pupil into the anterior chamber where they are broken up by the use of ultrasound and aspirated out of the eye through the incision. (Cline, et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed & In Focus 1993;1(1):1)
Surgical procedures used to treat disease, injuries, and defects of the oral and maxillofacial region.
Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).
Surgery performed on the heart or blood vessels.
The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.
A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.
Clarity or sharpness of OCULAR VISION or the ability of the eye to see fine details. Visual acuity depends on the functions of RETINA, neuronal transmission, and the interpretative ability of the brain. Normal visual acuity is expressed as 20/20 indicating that one can see at 20 feet what should normally be seen at that distance. Visual acuity can also be influenced by brightness, color, and contrast.
A surgical operation for the relief of pressure in a body compartment or on a body part. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
The excision of lung tissue including partial or total lung lobectomy.
Surgery performed on the urinary tract or its parts in the male or female. For surgery of the male genitalia, UROLOGIC SURGICAL PROCEDURES, MALE is available.
Surgical incision into the chest wall.
Operative immobilization or ankylosis of two or more vertebrae by fusion of the vertebral bodies with a short bone graft or often with diskectomy or laminectomy. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p236; Dorland, 28th ed)
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
Computers that combine the functions of analog and digital computers. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
A surgical technique used primarily in the treatment of skin neoplasms, especially basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. This procedure is a microscopically controlled excision of cutaneous tumors either after fixation in vivo or after freezing the tissue. Serial examinations of fresh tissue specimens are most frequently done.
Partial or complete opacity on or in the lens or capsule of one or both eyes, impairing vision or causing blindness. The many kinds of cataract are classified by their morphology (size, shape, location) or etiology (cause and time of occurrence). (Dorland, 27th ed)
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The performance of surgical procedures with the aid of a microscope.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
A condition of persistent pain and discomfort in the BACK and the LEG following lumbar surgery, often seen in patients enrolled in pain centers.
The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.
A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.
VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.
Facilities equipped for performing surgery.
Computer systems utilized as adjuncts in the treatment of disease.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Surgery restricted to the management of minor problems and injuries; surgical procedures of relatively slight extent and not in itself hazardous to life. (Dorland, 28th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
Surgical procedures performed through a natural opening in the body such as the mouth, nose, urethra, or anus, and along the natural body cavities with which they are continuous.
The local recurrence of a neoplasm following treatment. It arises from microscopic cells of the original neoplasm that have escaped therapeutic intervention and later become clinically visible at the original site.
Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Hand-held tools or implements used by health professionals for the performance of surgical tasks.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.
Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Replacement of the knee joint.
Replacement of the hip joint.
Surgical insertion of synthetic material to repair injured or diseased heart valves.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Harmful and painful condition caused by overuse or overexertion of some part of the musculoskeletal system, often resulting from work-related physical activities. It is characterized by inflammation, pain, or dysfunction of the involved joints, bones, ligaments, and nerves.
A blocking of nerve conduction to a specific area by an injection of an anesthetic agent.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.
Pathological processes consisting of the union of the opposing surfaces of a wound.
The time periods immediately before, during and following a surgical operation.
Excision of a portion of the colon or of the whole colon. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Pathological conditions involving any of the various HEART VALVES and the associated structures (PAPILLARY MUSCLES and CHORDAE TENDINEAE).
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The spinal or vertebral column.
Use of computers or computer systems for doing routine clerical work, e.g., billing, records pertaining to the administration of the office, etc.
The use of computers for designing and/or manufacturing of anything, including drugs, surgical procedures, orthotics, and prosthetics.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
A surgical specialty concerned with the treatment of diseases and disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral and sympathetic nervous system.
Preliminary administration of a drug preceding a diagnostic, therapeutic, or surgical procedure. The commonest types of premedication are antibiotics (ANTIBIOTIC PROPHYLAXIS) and anti-anxiety agents. It does not include PREANESTHETIC MEDICATION.
Various branches of surgical practice limited to specialized areas.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Surgery performed to repair or correct the skeletal anomalies of the jaw and its associated dental and facial structures (e.g. CLEFT PALATE).
Insertion of an artificial lens to replace the natural CRYSTALLINE LENS after CATARACT EXTRACTION or to supplement the natural lens which is left in place.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.
Devices capable of receiving data, retaining data for an indefinite or finite period of time, and supplying data upon demand.
Changing an operative procedure from an endoscopic surgical procedure to an open approach during the INTRAOPERATIVE PERIOD.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.
Excision, in part or whole, of an INTERVERTEBRAL DISC. The most common indication is disk displacement or herniation. In addition to standard surgical removal, it can be performed by percutaneous diskectomy (DISKECTOMY, PERCUTANEOUS) or by laparoscopic diskectomy, the former being the more common.
Control of bleeding during or after surgery.
A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.
Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A surgical procedure that entails removing all (laminectomy) or part (laminotomy) of selected vertebral lamina to relieve pressure on the SPINAL CORD and/or SPINAL NERVE ROOTS. Vertebral lamina is the thin flattened posterior wall of vertebral arch that forms the vertebral foramen through which pass the spinal cord and nerve roots.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Removal of the whole or part of the vitreous body in treating endophthalmitis, diabetic retinopathy, retinal detachment, intraocular foreign bodies, and some types of glaucoma.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
An appreciable lateral deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
Method of measuring performance against established standards of best practice.
Integrated, computer-assisted systems designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information concerned with the administrative and clinical aspects of providing medical services within the hospital.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.
A long, narrow, and flat bone commonly known as BREASTBONE occurring in the midsection of the anterior thoracic segment or chest region, which stabilizes the rib cage and serves as the point of origin for several muscles that move the arms, head, and neck.
The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Nonexpendable apparatus used during surgical procedures. They are differentiated from SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS, usually hand-held and used in the immediate operative field.
The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.
Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.
The introduction of whole blood or blood component directly into the blood stream. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The use of photothermal effects of LASERS to coagulate, incise, vaporize, resect, dissect, or resurface tissue.
Situations or conditions requiring immediate intervention to avoid serious adverse results.
Pathological conditions involving the HEART including its structural and functional abnormalities.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
Materials, frequently computer applications, that combine some or all of text, sound, graphics, animation, and video into integrated packages. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
Misalignment of the visual axes of the eyes. In comitant strabismus the degree of ocular misalignment does not vary with the direction of gaze. In noncomitant strabismus the degree of misalignment varies depending on direction of gaze or which eye is fixating on the target. (Miller, Walsh & Hoyt's Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology, 4th ed, p641)
Excision of the whole (total gastrectomy) or part (subtotal gastrectomy, partial gastrectomy, gastric resection) of the stomach. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Radiotherapy given to augment some other form of treatment such as surgery or chemotherapy. Adjuvant radiotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.
Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.
An INTERVERTEBRAL DISC in which the nucleus pulposus has protruded through surrounding fibrocartilage. This occurs most frequently in the lower lumbar region.
Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the pleural cavity.

A technique for frameless stereotaxy and placement of transarticular screws for atlanto-axial instability in rheumatoid arthritis. (1/1062)

The aim of the present study was to outline a new surgical technique and describe how, in a clinical setting, computer-generated image-guidance can assist in the planning and accurate placement of transarticular C1/C2 screws inserted using a minimally invasive exposure. Forty-six patients with atlanto-axial instability due to rheumatoid arthritis underwent posterior stabilisation with transarticular screws. This was achieved with a minimal posterior exposure limited to C1 and C2 and percutaneous screw insertions via minor stab incisions. The Stealth Station (Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Memphis, Tenn., USA) was used for image guidance to navigate safely through C2. Reconstructed computed tomographic (CT) scans of the atlanto-axial complex were used for image guidance. It was possible to perform preoperative planning of the screw trajectory taking into account the position of the intraosseous portion of the vertebral arteries, the size of the pars interarticularis and the quality of bone in C2. Screws could be inserted percutaneously over K-wires using a drill guide linked to the image-guidance system. Preoperative planning was performed in all 46 patients and accurate registration allowed proposed screw trajectories to be identified. Thirty-eight patients had bilateral screws inserted and eight had a unilateral screw. A total of 84 screws were inserted using the Stealth Station. There were no neurovascular injuries. This technique for placing transarticular screws is accurate and safe. It allows a minimally invasive approach to be followed. Image guidance is a useful adjunct for the surgeon undertaking complex spinal procedures.  (+info)

The fourth dimension in simulation surgery for craniofacial surgical procedures. (2/1062)

The intracranial volume was measured in all 18 cases of craniosynostosis and craniofacial synostosis with 3DCT using a modification of Miyake's formula, with a 6 years' follow-up. 1: There were no cases where the intracranial volume was less than the modified Miyake's formula. 2: Total cranial reshaping, compared to the local forehead advancement, was effective in increasing the intracranial cavity and growth postoperatively. 3: In cases of craniofacial synostosis, there is a possibility that mental retardation will develop if the intracranial volume tends to increase rapidly and more than expected.  (+info)

Role of transesophageal echocardiography-guided cardioversion of patients with atrial fibrillation. (3/1062)

Electrical cardioversion of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is frequently performed to relieve symptoms and improve cardiac performance. Patients undergoing cardioversion are treated conventionally with therapeutic anticoagulation for three weeks before and four weeks after cardioversion to decrease the risk of thromboembolism. A transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)-guided strategy has been proposed as an alternative that may lower stroke and bleeding events. Patients without atrial cavity thrombus or atrial appendage thrombus by TEE are cardioverted on achievement of therapeutic anticoagulation, whereas cardioversion is delayed in higher risk patients with thrombus. The aim of this review is to discuss the issues and controversies associated with the management of patients with AF undergoing cardioversion. We provide an overview of the TEE-guided and conventional anticoagulation strategies in light of the recently completed Assessment of Cardioversion Using Transesophageal Echocardiography (ACUTE) clinical trial. The two management strategies comparably lower the patient's embolic risk when the guidelines are properly followed. The TEE-guided strategy with shorter term anticoagulation may lower the incidence of bleeding complications and safely expedite early cardioversion. The inherent advantages and disadvantages of both strategies are presented. The TEE-guided approach with short-term anticoagulation is considered to be a safe and clinically effective alternative to the conventional approach, and it is advocated in patients in whom earlier cardioversion would be clinically beneficial.  (+info)

Computer-assisted neurosurgical navigational system for transsphenoidal surgery--technical note. (4/1062)

Transsphenoidal surgery carries the risk of carotid artery injury even for very experienced neurosurgeons. The computer-assisted neurosurgical (CANS) navigational system was used to obtain more precise guidance, based on the axial and coronal images during the transsphenoidal approach for nine pituitary adenomas. The CANS navigator consists of a three-dimensional digitizer, a computer, and a graphic unit, which utilizes electromagnetic coupling technology to detect the spatial position of a suction tube attached to a magnetic sensor. Preoperatively, the magnetic resonance images are transferred and stored in the computer and the tip of the suction tube is shown on a real-time basis superimposed on the preoperative images. The CANS navigation system correctly displayed the surgical orientation and provided localization in all nine patients. No intraoperative complications were associated with the use of this system. However, outflow of cerebrospinal fluid during tumor removal may affect the accuracy, so the position of the probe when the tumor is removed must be accurately determined. The CANS navigator enables precise localization of the suction tube during the transsphenoidal approach and allows safer and less-invasive surgery.  (+info)

Localisation of the sensorimotor cortex during surgery for brain tumours: feasibility and waveform patterns of somatosensory evoked potentials. (5/1062)

OBJECTIVE: Intraoperative localisation of the sensorimotor cortex using the phase reversal of somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) is an essential tool for surgery in and around the perirolandic gyri, but unsuccessful and perplexing results have been reported. This study examines the effect of tumour masses on the waveform characteristics and feasibility of SEP compared with functional neuronavigation and electrical motor cortex mapping. METHODS: In 230 patients with tumours of the sensorimotor region the SEP phase reversal of N20-P20 was recorded from the exposed cortex using a subdural grid or strip electrode. In one subgroup of 80 patients functional neuronavigation was performed with motor and sensory magnetic source imaging and in one subgroup of 40 patients the motor cortex hand area was localised by electrical stimulation mapping. RESULTS: The intraoperative SEP method was successful in 92% of all patients, it could be shown that the success rate rather depended on the location of the lesion than on preoperative neurological deficits. In 13% of the patients with postcentral tumours no N20-P20 phase reversal was recorded but characteristic polyphasic and high amplitude waves at 25 ms and later made the identification of the postcentral gyrus possible nevertheless. Electrical mapping of the motor cortex took up to 30 minutes until a clear result was obtained. It was successful in 37 patients, but failed in three patients with precentral and central lesions. Functional neuronavigation indicating the tumour margins and the motor and sensory evoked fields was possible in all patients. CONCLUSION: The SEP phase reversal of N20-P20 is a simple and reliable technique, but the success rate is much lower in large central and postcentral tumours. With the use of polyphasic late waveforms the sensorimotor cortex may be localised. By contrast with motor electrical mapping it is less time consuming. Functional neuronavigation is a desirable tool for both preoperative surgical planning and intraoperative use during surgery on perirolandic tumours, but compensation for brain shift, accuracy, and cost effectiveness are still a matter for discussion.  (+info)

Image-guided prostate cryosurgery: state of the art. (6/1062)

BACKGROUND: Cryosurgery was first used to treat prostate cancer in the early 1970s but it was not until 1993, when the results from percutaneous ultrasound-guided cryosurgery were published, that the potential advantages of this treatment became apparent. Changes in equipment and techniques have improved the results of cryosurgery, in both tumor control and lower morbidity. METHODS: The author has reviewed data of his own and those of others concerning the changes in techniques employed and outcomes from prostate cryosurgery. RESULTS: Ultrasound-guided percutaneous transperineal placement of the cryoprobes allows monitoring of freezing in real time. Monitoring temperature at critical locations, separating the rectum and prostate by saline injection, and using argon gas rather than liquid nitrogen-based equipment have improved results and lowered complication rates. The technique produces outcomes similar to those obtained with brachytherapy and three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Advantages of cryosurgery include the ability to re-treat patients without added morbidity and to treat salvage postradiation patients with acceptable results and morbidity. The recent demonstration that "nerve-sparing" cryosurgery is possible suggests that cryosurgery may be used more often.  (+info)

Surgical removal of brain stem cavernous malformations: surgical indications, technical considerations, and results. (7/1062)

OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to review the indications for surgical treatment of brain stem cavernomas and to develop strategies to minimise the complications of surgery. PATIENTS AND RESULTS: Twelve patients underwent surgical resection of a brain stem cavernoma due to symptoms caused by one or more haemorrhages. Age ranged from 18 to 47 years (mean 29.2 years). Long term follow up (mean 3.7 years) included a complete neurological examination and annual MRI studies. The annual haemorrhage rate was 6.8 %/patient/year and a rate of 1.9 rehaemorrhages/patient/year was found. Surgery was performed under microsurgical conditions with endoscopic assistance, use of neuronavigation, and neurophysiological monitoring. Navigation proved to be reliable when applied in an early stage of operative procedure with minimal brain retraction. Endoscopy was a useful tool in some cases to confirm complete resection of the lesion and to ascertain haemostasis. Ten patients had a new neurological deficit in the early postoperative period, nine of these were transient. At the last follow up the neurological state was improved in five patients, unchanged in six, and worse in one compared with the preoperative conditions. The preoperative average Rankin score was 2.2 points and had improved at the last follow up by 0.6 points to 1.6 points. CONCLUSIONS: Symptomatic brain stem cavernomas should be considered for surgical treatment after the first bleeding. Careful selection of the optimal operative approach and a meticulous microsurgical technique are mandatory. The additional use of modern tools such as neuronavigation, endoscopic assistance, and monitoring can contribute to the safety of the procedure.  (+info)

Use of neuronavigation and electrophysiology in surgery of subcortically located lesions in the sensorimotor strip. (8/1062)

OBJECTIVES: Subcortical lesions in the sensorimotor strip are often considered to be inoperable. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of a combined approach for surgery in this region, aided by a robotic neuronavigation system under electrophysiological control. METHODS: In a prospective study on 10 patients, space occupying lesions in the sensorimotor central area were removed using the Surgiscope robotic navigation system and the Nicolet Viking IV electrophysiological system. RESULTS: Precise tumour localisation with the neuronavigation system and the information on the patient's cortical motor distribution obtained by bipolar cortical stimulation led to postoperative improvement in motor function in all but one patient. Seven of the patients had focal, defined pathology (four metastases; two cavernoma; one aspergilloma). CONCLUSION: Due to the implementation of two recent technologies, surgery of lesions in the subcortical sensorimotor region can be performed with greater confidence.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Jig prototype for computer-assisted total knee replacement and its flow simulation. AU - Sulong, Abu Bakar. AU - Arifin, Amir. AU - Harun, Zambri. PY - 2016. Y1 - 2016. N2 - This paper discusses the design and development of a prototype of a knee surgery cutting jig, the jig holder, and the jig injection mold by Rapid Prototyping (RP). The aim of this study is to design a jig and a jig holder that allow surgeons to correctly, precisely, and consistently perform knee replacement surgery. The design concept for the surgery jig and jig holder was selected using the Pugh method with medical-grade 316L stainless steel for material fabrication. A rapid prototype model was built directly from its CAD model in stereo lithography (STL) format by using the Fused Deposition Method (FDM). MasterCAM and Moldflow simulation were performed to generated G-codes and a possibility of jig fabrication using Metal Injection Molding (MIM), respectively. The Moldflow result provided an enhanced ...
ResearchMoz presents professional and in-depth study of "Global Surgical Navigation Systems Sales Market Report 2017".In this report, the global Surgical Navigation Systems market is valued at USD XX million in 2016 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2022, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2016 and 2022.Geographically, this report split global into several key Regions, with sales (K Units), revenue (Million USD), market share and growth rate of Surgical Navigation Systems for these...
The scope of this report is broad and covers different types of surgical navigation systems applications in different kinds of treatment. The market is broken down by types of surgical navigation systems, applications, end user and regional markets. Revenue forecasts from 2016 to 2021 are given for each major type of surgical navigation system, application, end user and regional market, and the estimated values are derived from the manufacturers total revenues.. The report also includes a discussion of the major players across each of the regional surgical navigation systems markets; it explains the major market drivers of the global surgical navigation systems industry, current trends within the industry, major applications and the regional dynamics of the global surgical navigation systems market.. The report concludes with a special focus on the vendor landscape, which includes detailed profiles of the major vendors in the global surgical navigation systems industry.. ...
Introduction: Diagnosis and Therapy - History, Current Status and Future Direction. Imaging Modalities - Body Imaging. Ultrasound. MRI. CT. Optics. PET/SPECT. Advanced Cardiac Imaging. Interventional Therapy Modalities - Cut and Paste: Scalpels and Sutures. Minimally-Invasive Surgery. X-Rays and Radiation. Radio Frequency Ablation. Microwave Ablation. Laser. Cryotherapy. Gamma Knife. Drug Delivery and Thrombolysis. Hyperthermia. Image-Guided Therapy - Percutaneous Aspirations, Biopsies and Nerve Blocks. Enoscopic, Catheterization and Biopsy Procedures. 3D Visualization, Stereotactic Methods, and Neurosurgery. Automation and Robotics. Modeling of Image-Guided Therapy. High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound. Practical Considerations of Image-Guided Therapy - Clinical Perspectives on Image-Guided Therapy. Real Market of Image-Guided Therapy.; To view complete TOC:; Click Google Preview button under book title above, then click on Contents tab.; ...
Augmented reality (AR) surgical navigation systems based on image overlay have been used in minimally invasive surgery (MIS). However, conventional systems still suffer from a limited viewing zone, a shortage of intuitive three-dimensional (3D) image guidance and cant be moved freely. To fuse the 3D overlay image with the patient in situ, it is essential to track the overlay device while it is moving. A direct line-of-sight should be maintained between the optical markers and the tracker camera. We propose a moving-tolerant AR surgical navigation system using autostereoscopic image overlay, which can avoid the use of the optical tracking system during the intraoperative period. The system captures binocular image sequences of environmental change in the operation room to locate the overlay device, rather than tracking the overlay device directly. Therefore, it is no longer required to maintain a direct line-of-sight between the tracker and the tracked devices. The movable range of the system is ...
Global Surgical Navigation Systems Market 2019 Report provides main statistics connected to the overall market and price forecast over a period, from 2019 to 2028. This research report studies surgical navigation systems market definition, types, applications latest trends to identify the revenues and the progress...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Three-dimensional digital ultrasound imaging system for surgical navigation. AU - Sakuma, Ichiro. AU - Tanaka, Yasuyoshi. AU - Takai, Yuichi. AU - Kobayashi, Etsuko. AU - Dohi, Takeyoshi. AU - Schorr, Oliver. AU - Hata, Nobuhiko. AU - Iseki, Hiroshi. AU - Muragaki, Yoshihiro. AU - Hori, Tomokatsu. AU - Takakura, Kintomo. PY - 2001/1/1. Y1 - 2001/1/1. N2 - A new three-dimensional (3D) digital ultrasound imaging system for surgical navigation was developed. The system could obtain 3D data within 12 s and show the data about 40 s. Volume rendering of the 3D data could be possible in a practically short time by introducing the volume rendering graphics accelerator. We applied the system in two clinical cases. The system can also register the obtained image to the other 3D data such as MRI and X-ray CT data by incorporating 3D position tracking system on its ultrasound probe.. AB - A new three-dimensional (3D) digital ultrasound imaging system for surgical navigation was developed. ...
A computer-assisted surgery system for guiding an operator in altering a pelvis. A sensing apparatus is provided for tracking a reference tool and a bone altering tool. A position calculator calculates a position and orientation of a pelvic frame of reference as a function of the tracking of the reference tool, and for calculating a position and orientation of the bone altering tool with respect to the frame of reference. A source of posture data and a posture data correction calculator are provided and are operative to provide a display of information allowing an operator to take into consideration the posture data from the source of posture data when altering the pelvis. A display unit is connected to the position calculator and to the posture data correction calculator for displaying the display of information and the bone altering tool with respect to the pelvic frame of reference.
Surgical navigation systems market was valued at $628 million in 2015, and is projected to reach $963 million by 2022, growing at a CAGR of 6.3% from 2016 to 2022, according to a new report published by Allied Market Research. Optical navigation systems segment is expected to grow at the highest growth rate during the…
Global surgical navigation systems market is predicted to progress from US$218.5 mn in 2013 to US$295.5 mn by 2020, expected to expand at a 4.50% CAGR from 2014 to 2020
This invention is a system for use during a medical or surgical procedure on a body. The system generates an image representing the position of one or more body elements (10, 20, 30) using scans generated by a scanner prior or during the procedure. The image data set has reference points (10A)-(30C) for each of the body elements, the reference points of a body element having a fixed spatial relation to the body element. The system includes an apparatus (108) for identifying the relative position of each of the reference points of each of the body elements to be displayed. The system also includes a processor (104) for modifying the image data set according to the identified relative position of each of the reference points during the procedure. Also disclosed are devices for use with a surgical navigation system having a sensor array (110, 112) in communication with the device to identify its position.
In point-based rigid-body registration, target registration error (TRE) is an important measure of the accuracy of the performed registration. The registrations accuracy depends on the fiducial localization error (FLE) which, in turn, is due to the
TY - JOUR. T1 - Pin Site Complications Associated With Computer-Assisted Navigation in Hip and Knee Arthroplasty. AU - Kamara, Eli. AU - Berliner, Zachary P.. AU - Hepinstall, Matthew S.. AU - Cooper, H. John. PY - 2017/9. Y1 - 2017/9. N2 - Background There has been a great increase in the use of navigation technology in joint arthroplasty. In most types of navigation-assisted surgery, several temporary navigation pins are placed in the patient. Goals of this study are (1) to identify complications and (2) risk factors associated with placement of these pins. Methods This is a retrospective cohort study of all navigation-assisted hip and knee arthroplasty performed a single institution over a 3-year period. Records were reviewed and outcome measures were tabulated in a database. Complications included in the database were pin site infection, deep prosthetic joint infection, neurologic injury, vascular injury, and fracture through a pin site. Results A total of 3136 pin sites in 839 patients were ...
The 3rd Annual Meeting of the EAU Section of Urological Imaging (ESUI) in Lisbon, Portugal in November this year will present image-guided therapies for prostate and kidney cancers, complementing the comprehensive scientific programme of the 6th European Multidisciplinary Meeting on Urological Cancers (EMUC).. The ESUI programme will cover in detail the hottest topics in imaging. We will especially address imaging and image-guided therapies, such as focal therapy, for the prostate and small renal masses, said ESUI chairman Dr. Jochen Walz (Marseille, FR). Other aspects of interventional and intraoperative imaging are also important topics. We will also examine the role of PET-CT in managing urological malignancies in a joint meeting with the European Association of Nuclear Medicine (EANM).. The ESUIs meeting on November 13 will precede the 6th EMUC. From November 14 to 16. EMUC will hold 21 sessions in a compact scientific programme that features case discussions, debates, state-of-the-art ...
0068]Once the placement, location, orientation, and shape of the guide 108 and the stop 116 is determined, there are several ways to incorporate them into the cutting guide 100. In one embodiment the contact surface 102, the guide 108 and the stop 116 may be made of the same material. In such an embodiment, the contact surface 102, the guide 108, and the stop 116 may be molded or rapid prototyped as a single unitary structure. In another embodiment, the guide 108 and stop 116 may be integrated into the cutting guide 100. For example, the guide 108 and stop 116 may be machined into the cutting guide 100. However, in a preferred embodiment, the guide 108 and the stop 116 are made from hard materials, such as metal, in order to prevent the surgical instrument from penetrating and degrading the cutting guide 100. In such an embodiment, the guide 108 and stop 116 may be attached to the cutting guide 100 in an appropriate location and orientation. FIG. 1 depicts such an embodiment. The cutting guide ...
The clinical outcomes were not significantly different between the navigation and non-navigation groups. Furthermore, post-operative reorientation of the acetabular fragment was similar between the navigation and non-navigation groups. However, the discrepancy between the pre-operative planning line and post-operative osteotomy line was significantly improved in the navigation group compared with that in the non-navigation group (p < 0.05). Further, the complication rate was significantly improved in the navigation group (p < 0.001). Conclusion The accuracy of the osteotomys position was significantly improved by using the navigation. Therefore, the use of navigation during peri-acetabular osteotomy can avoid complications. ...
Disease, previous surgery, and normal anatomical variations can make it a challenge to perform the safest and most effective endoscopic sinus surgery, even with a detailed knowledge of anatomy and surgical skill. Avoiding orbital injuries, entry into the brain, and the carotid artery are paramount.. Similar to a global positioning system, our Fusion™ image-guided surgery system provides real-time images that can help you navigate in the sinuses for precise removal of diseased tissue while avoiding critical areas.. Image-guided surgery has become an industry standard for many endoscopic sinus surgeries. The American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) endorses the use of image-guided surgery for procedures including:1. ...
Bone tumor near the articular cartilage is hard to remove sufficiently without damaging adjacent joint. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of navigation-assisted surgery for saving joint in bone tumor resection or curettage. In this study, the investigators hypothesized that computer-assisted surgery is feasible method to get both enough margin and joint salvage. Each of them is important intermediate factor for either oncologic outcome or functional outcome respectively. The investigators designed this study to find what proportion of patients who underwent computer-assisted resection could get enough margins using some criteria obtained by overlapping preoperative and postoperative images. The investigators also evaluated whether computer-assisted surgery can be feasible for joint saving using some criteria including functional outcome ...
Medtronic plc has announced that it has received clearance from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for expanded indications of specific StealthStation electromagnetic surgical navigation system instruments for paediatric and adult cranial and ENT procedures.. The clearance for these StealthStation electromagnetic instruments enables additional neurosurgical applications that can benefit from flexible, tip-tracked instruments for both pinned and pin-less procedures. The navigated instruments can be used with compatible devices to aid in the placement of ventricular catheters for adult and paediatric patients; shunt systems; connection to Ommaya reservoirs; haematoma drainage; external ventricular drainage catheters; neuroendoscope peel-away catheters; and for the placement of depth-electrodes.. ...
Introduction: The ReCap Femoral Resurfacing System has been associated with increased cases of revision surgery when compared to other hip resurfacing systems. However, computer-assisted navigation may have the potential to reduce the risk of post-operative complications by providing more accurate intraoperative measurements for acetabular component positioning. Case Report: The present case describes an active 46-year-old male presenting with severe osteoarthritis of the right hip who elected to undergo a ReCap resurfacing arthroplasty with navigation. Results demonstrated accurate acetabular component position and leg length measurements to within |1° and 1mm of standard radiographic measurements. Conclusion: These findings are the first to describe the use of navigation with the ReCap system and provide encouraging results for further clinical evaluation.
there are questions concerning the influence of computer-assisted surgery and the minimal invasive surgical technique on the outcome of total knee arthroplasty. The authors followed up the rehabilitation of patients during the first postoperative year.
OV3 has a widespread medical application that has covered different kind of surgeries from a simple biopsy to complicated surgery. Surgical navigation system improves the quality and accuracy of the operations, and makes it possible to reach success in complicated and dangerous surgeries, which have had a lot of mortality before. In the field of neurosurgery surgical navigation system has different applications such as deep brain stimulations (DBS) or tumor dissections. The usage of this technology makes it possible for the surgeon to make sure that the tumor dissected completely without damaging the other healthy tissues. Also in other types of neurosurgery procedures , the desired points are identified easily and the exact position of them is specified during the surgery. Furthermore, in the field of ENT, the application of the navigation technology makes invasive surgeries to occur with less invasiveness and the act of difficult and delicate surgeries take place with much more accuracy and ...
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3D, 3D intraoperative, 3D print, 3D printing2, 3D surgical planning, 3D ultrasound, Accuracy3, AiKNOWN system, alignment accuracy, Android, anterior cruciate ligament, app, AR, Arthroplasty, Artificial Intelligence, Augmented Reality3, bi-cruciate retaining, Bone, Bone Reduction, Bone Segmentation, bone tumor, bony impingement, C-arm2, calibration, caos, CAOS enhanced mechanical instrument system, cartilage degeneration, catastrophe theory, chondromalacia, Clinical case series2, Communication Architecture, Computer Assisted Navigation, Computer Assisted Navigation System, Computer Assisted Orthopedic Surgery., computer navigation2, computer simulation, computer-assisted, Computer-assisted orthopaedic surgery4, Computer-assisted technique, Computer-assisted total knee arthroplasty2, conventional, Convolutional Neural Network2, Coronal alignment, Coronal deformation, cortical bone trajectory screw, CT, Cumulative sum control chart (CUSUM)2, cup alignment accuracy, cup orientation, Cusp Model, deep ...
0003]The location and orientation of a cutting guide instrument can be determined manually, with reference to predetermined anatomical features on the patients bone. For example, in the case of an instrument for determining the location and orientation of the plane for resecting the tibia in a knee replacement procedure, a cutting guide can be mounted on a reference rod which is fastened to the tibia by an ankle clamp to define the axis of the tibia. Such an instrument is available from DePuy Orthopedics Inc under the trade mark Specialist II. Accordingly, such manual instrument sets can include a reference component which is secured by a fixation element to the bone to be resected in a predetermined arrangement. The instrument set can then also include a cutting guide which can be fastened to the reference component and can provide the reference surface. The cutting guide can provide a reference surface which is engaged during the procedure by the cutting tool. The reference surface can be ...
Automated surgical procedures, including procedures carried out in conjunction with image-guided surgical navigation systems, are improved using tools and techniques to refine bone modifications. A system-level embodiment of the invention includes a memory for storing information relating to a desired modification of a bone, a bone-modification tool, and tracking apparatus for determining the position and orientation of the bone and the bone-modification tool to ensure that the modification performed by the tool corresponds to the desired modification. In the preferred embodiment, the bone-modification tool is used to refine a previously resected surface by a few millimeters or a few degrees to achieve the desired modification. A method of preparing a bone to receive a prosthetic implant according to the invention includes the steps of using an image-guided surgical navigation system to surface a bone, determining if the surface is optimized for the prosthetic implant, and if not, using a finishing tool
Medical imaging and informatics research service from the Transformational Health practice highlights the evolving trends and innovations in Image-Guided Therapy (IGT). As the fields of interventional imaging, minimally-invasive interventions, and image-g
Learn more about Azurion 7 B20/12 Biplane image-guided therapy system. View specifications, download support documents and discover related products.
Learn more about Azurion 7 C20 with FlexArm Image-guided therapy system. View specifications, download support documents and discover related products.
Learn more about Azurion 7 B20/12 Biplane image-guided therapy system. View specifications, download support documents and discover related products.
The system consists of four high resolution optical video cameras mounted to in the frame of a motorised ceiling-mounted C-arm flat detector (Allura Clarity FD20, Philips Healthcare). Between eight and 10 markers were placed on the skin around the surgical site on each of four human cadavers for tracking by the system.. Each cadaver was placed in the prone position and opened along the whole dorsal thoracic region, exposing the spine down to the spinous processes and tips of the transverse processes. Pedicle screws were inserted unilaterally using the augmented-reality system, following freehand placement on the contralateral side by a different surgeon.. Postoperative 3D cone beam computed tomography (CT) images were evaluated by two independent neurosurgeons and two radiologists. Using Gertzbein grading, the observers found grade zero placement (without cortical breach) 71% more frequently with the augmented reality system then with placement by freehand method. Significantly (p,0.05) fewer ...
Dental surgery requires highly precise operations, with surgical targets often hidden by surrounding structures that must remain undamaged during the procedure. The use of AR system may provide a solution to address challenges presented in routine surgical practice.. The current study strategically simplified and improved the application of AR in OMS. The study used region-specific 3D-CT images displayed in real space with high accuracy and depth perception by using markerless registration through stereo vision. The study also used 320-row ADCT to provide a larger number of detector rows, and a single rotation of the gantry obtains 320 slices of CT images for a 16 cm volume area without a helical scan. Traditional methods of registration include an external registration frame or marker frames with a screw, [13, 24, 27] which are fraught with errors and also restrict the operating space. Furthermore, registrations for soft tissues are associated with low accuracy [28]. Zhu and colleagues [29] ...
Next, in this report, you will find the competitive scenario of the major market players focusing on their sales revenue, customer demands, company profile, import/export scenario, business strategies that will help the emerging market segments in making major business decisions. The market contains the ability to become one of the most lucrative industries as factors related to this market such as raw material affluence, financial stability, technological development, trading policies, and increasing demand are boosting the market growth. Therefore, the market is expected to see higher growth in the near future and greater CAGR during the forecast period from 2019 to 2026.. Request Exclusive Free Sample PDF Of This Report At Major Players included in this report are as follows - ...
© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015. We introduce an Iterative Closest Point framework for ultrasound calibration based on a hollow-line phantom. The main novelty of our approach is the application of a hollow-tube fiducial made from hyperechoic material, which allows for highly accurate fiducial localization via both manual and automatic segmentation. By reducing fiducial localization error, this framework is able to achieve sub-millimeter target registration error. The calibration phantom introduced can be manufactured inexpensively and precisely. Using aMonte Carlo approach, our calibration framework achieved 0.5mm mean target registration error, with a standard deviation of 0.24 mm, using 12 or more tracked ultrasound images. This suggests that our framework is approaching the accuracy limit imposed by the tracking device used.
An osteotomy cutting guide is disclosed. The cutting guide utilities an angle cutting block which is removably and adjustably attached to a stabilizing base. Also utilized is a distal hole drill block which is removably and adjustably attached to the stabilizing base. The stabilizing base has at least one projecting element which can be inserted into an existing cut. The osteotomy cutting guide allows angled cuts and implant insertions to be performed with accuracy.
Battleships Zenith: WW2 Naval Combat w/Computer Assistance - NWS: Battleships Zenith (1930-1945) a set of naval rules for miniatures or board game hex based tactical naval combat co
A company press release states that CardioProlifics technologies are complementary to Philips portfolio of image-guided therapy devices and to the portfolio of The Spectranetrics Corporation, which Philips recently has also agreed to acquire. The acquisition of CardioProlific underpins Philips aim to develop new solutions for clinicians to decide, guide, treat and confirm the appropriate therapy for cardiac and peripheral vascular disease.. The acquisition of CardioProlific will further strengthen our innovation pipeline of catheter-based therapy devices, said Bert van Meurs, Business Leader Image Guided Therapy at Philips. We are convinced that the development of CardioProlifics differentiated thrombectomy technologies, combined with our suite of image-guided therapy solutions, will help our customers drive the procedure innovation for the treatment of peripheral vascular disease.. Philips image-guided therapy portfolio comprises interventional imaging systems, planning and ...
Press Release issued Dec 7, 2016: Robotic or computer-assisted surgery was primarily developed to help doctors perform minimally invasive surgery - operations carried out through a small incision in the skin and requiring little to no stitches or staples to close. In robotic surgery, doctors precisely manipulate miniature tools attached to a robotic arm using a console and video monitor, instead of directly operating on a patient.
A study conducted by spine surgeons at Vancouver General Hospital found computer-assisted surgery with an intraoperative imaging device and 3D navigation system improves outcomes and delivers economic benefits to the healthcare system.
Hospitals are replacing antiquated surgical spaces with new operating suites to better support outpatient surgery, minimally invasive techniques, and digital and technological innovations. Robotic surgical systems and imaging technologies like surgical navigation systems are projected to become ubiquitous.
A container for holding an article such as food comprises a container main body and a lid. The lid has a laminate structure of an aluminum foil layer exposed upon an outer surface of the lid and a synthetic resin film layer exposed upon an inner surface of the lid. Cutting means is provided for cutting at least part of the lid. The cutting means comprises a pull-tab arranged on the outer surface of the lid, a cutting guide arranged on the inner surface of the lid along at least an outer periphery of a cutting region, and a connecting portion extending through a small hole formed in said lid so as to connect said pull-tab with said cutting guide. The cutting means comprises molded bodies of a synthetic resin which can not be bonded to the aluminum foil layer and which can be bonded to the synthetic resin film layer upon molding process.
Stryker has received 510(k) clearance from the FDA for its ShapeMatch Cutting Guides. The cutting guides are single use devices manufactured specifically f
January 4, 2016, Summit, NJ - Having the right information at the right time and in the right place is critical in todays operating rooms. Thats why Overlook Medical Center and Morristown Medical Center, part of Atlantic Health System, installed the Medtronic O-arm® Intra-operative Imaging System and the StealthStation® Surgical Navigation System, a new technology to enhance outcomes for patients who need spine surgery. The O-arm combines mobility, low-dose x-ray imaging and ultra-fast image processing to provide real-time 3-D navigation during surgery. It enables the surgeon to obtain highly detailed images of the surgical site in seconds, all without moving the patient. The result is more accurate placement of spinal hardware, often with smaller incisions, shorter surgical time and less blood loss, muscle and tissue damage, less pain and faster recovery than is possible with older technologies.The technological advancements we see evolving in everyday life also translate to the surgical ...
Devices and methods provide accurate targeting, placement, and/or stabilization of an electrode or other instrument(s) into the brain or other body organ, such as to treat severe tremor or other neurological disorders. Targeting is performed using any form of image-guidance, including real-time MRI, CT, or frameless surgical navigation systems.
In a medical diagnostic imaging system, a communication protocol for providing bi-directional communication between a medical imaging subsystem and a medical navigational subsystem, the communication protocol including a plurality of navigation subsystem to imaging subsystem messages; and a Begin Imaging and an End Imaging message for synchronizing image acquisition with navigation coordinate determination, the Begin Imaging and End Imaging messages included in imaging subsystem to the navigation subsystem messages.
Smart algorithms are used in Machine vision and Robotics to organize or extract high-level information from the available data. Nowadays, Machine learning is an essential and ubiquitous tool to automate extraction patterns or regularities from data (images in Machine vision; camera, laser, and sonar sensors data in Robotics) in order to solve various subject-oriented tasks such as understanding and classification of images content, navigation of mobile autonomous robot in uncertain environments, robot manipulation in medical robotics and computer-assisted surgery, and other. Usually such data have high dimensionality, however, due to various dependencies between their components and constraints caused by physical reasons, all „feasible and usable data‟ occupy only a very small part in high dimensional „observation space‟ with smaller intrinsic dimensionality. Generally accepted model of such data is manifold model in accordance with which the data lie on or near an unknown manifold ...
... Ziehm Imaging and BrainLAB Improve Intra-Operative Imaging With Navig... for More Gentle Less Invasive Surgery ...NUREMBERG and MUNICH Germany October 6 /- Ziehm Imaging...With the introduction of Ziehm NaviPort 3D Ziehm Imaging has brought...,New,Opportunities,in,X-Ray,Based,Surgical,Navigation,With,Ziehm,NaviPort,3D,biological,advanced biology technology,biology laboratory technology,biology device technology,latest biology technology
Activities: Computer-Assisted Image Processing, Equipment Design, Software, Computer Systems, Computer-Assisted Surgery, Interventional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Computer-Assisted Image ...
A new method for fluoroscopic tracking of a proximal bone fragment in femoral fracture reduction is presented. The proposed method combines 2-D and 3-D image registration from single-view fluoroscopy with tracking of the head center position of the proximal femoral fragment to improve the accuracy of fluoroscopic registration without the need for repeated manual adjustment of the C-arm as required in stereo-view registrations. Kinematic knowledge of the hip joint, which has a positional correspondence with the femoral head center and the pelvis acetabular center, allows the position of the femoral fragment to be determined from pelvis tracking. The stability of the proposed method with respect to fluoroscopic image noise and the desired continuity of the fracture reduction operation is demonstrated, and the accuracy of tracking is shown to be superior to that achievable by single-view image registration, particularly in depth translation.
"First spine surgery utilizing real-time image-guided robotic assistance". Computer Assisted Surgery. 1 (1): 13-17. doi:10.1080/ ... The Excelsius system is designed to integrate intra-operative digital imaging with a robotic surgery device to hold patients in ... Tindera, Michela (November 16, 2018). "A Spine-Surgery Robot Turned This Entrepreneur Into A Billionaire. But How Well Does His ... Globus makes the ExcelsiusGPS surgical robotic system for spine surgery. The robot is used for transpedicular drilling and ...
"High-fidelity haptic and visual rendering for patient-specific simulation of temporal bone surgery". Computer Assisted Surgery ... Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 34 (6): 949-957. doi:10.1097/rct.0b013e3181ec05e4. PMID 21084915. S2CID 21196403. ... The Visual Computer: International Journal of Computer Graphics Archive. 23 (9): 743-751. CiteSeerX doi: ... In 2009, Mercury Computer Systems, Inc. spun off Visage Imaging again and sold it to Melbourne, Australia based Promedicus Ltd ...
Computer-assisted surgery. In computer-assisted surgery pre-operative images such as CT or MRI are registered to intra- ... Proceedings of Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention 2004. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 3216: 655- ... Medical Image Computing and Computer-assisted Intervention - Miccai. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 3216: 393-401. doi: ... Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 17 (1): 225-236. doi:10.1097/00004728-199303000-00011. PMID 8454749. MR Sabuncu; BT ...
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 16 (6): 956-65. doi:10.1097/00004728-199211000-00024. PMID 1430448. Gore, J. C.; ... A specialized growing subset of interventional MRI is intraoperative MRI, in which an MRI is used in surgery. Some specialized ... Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 7000 (2011). Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 7945. pp. 466-473. doi:10.1007/978-3-642- ... Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 26 (4): 628-32. doi:10.1097/00004728-200207000-00027. PMID 12218832. S2CID 32536398. " ...
Rabinowitz, YS; McDonnell, PJ (1989). "Computer-assisted corneal topography in keratoconus". Refractive & Corneal Surgery. 5 (6 ... Before corneal refractive surgery such as LASIK, SMILE, and PRK, people must be examined for possible risk factors such as ... This would include cases of high spectacle power and people with thin corneas before surgery. Definitive evidence that the ... Finn, Peter (20 December 2012). "Medical Mystery: Preparation for surgery revealed cause of deteriorating eyesight". The ...
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 32 (4): 559-61. doi:10.1097/RCT.0b013e318133a9f1. PMID 18664843. Murphy IG, Heffernan ... Surgery. In RLP pathologies involving endometriosis and ademyosis, surgery may be necessary to perform resection of the ... In another case, a woman at 22 weeks gestation was diagnosed with inguinal hernia and underwent surgery. Explorative surgery ... In the first case, emergency surgery did not locate any hernia but found the round ligament of the uterus to be edematous and ...
... which could be utilised during these surgeries to avoid malalignment issues. Computer assisted surgery (CAS) matches a ... Kahler, D. (2017). "Computer-assisted surgery: The use of stored intraoperative images for accurate restoration of femoral ... "Current state of computer-assisted trauma surgery". Musculoskeletal Medical Journal. 5,3, 184-191.. ... However, without computer navigation, the risk of bone malrotation is significantly increased. The benefit of computer ...
Chan, S., Li, P., Locketz, G., Salisbury, K., & Blevins, N. H. (2016). Computer Assisted Surgery, 21(1), 85¡V101. ... Professor (Research) Of Computer Science And of Surgery (Anatomy), Emeritus". Retrieved 23 November 2020. " ... Professor Emeritus at Stanford University's Computer Science Department and Stanford School of Medicine's Department of Surgery ... Computer and Systems Sciences), vol 102. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. Wyrobek, K., Berger, E., Van der Loos,H.F.M., & ...
... order to predefine the surgical steps and furthermore the bone segment navigation in the context of computer-assisted surgery. ... "Introduction of the Passive Marker Neuronavigation System VectorVision." In Computer-Assisted Neurosurgery, edited by Norihiko ... In oral and maxillofacial surgery, a different, more "traditional" surgical planning can be used for orthognatic surgery, based ... "Surgical Planning of Computer Assisted Repositioning Osteotomies". Plast Reconstr Surg. 104 (4): 938-944. doi:10.1097/00006534- ...
"E-Health and Telemedicine". International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery. 1 (Supplement 1): 119-35. 2006. ... Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 3263. pp. 115-56. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-30196-7_4. ISBN 978-3-540-23201-8. S2CID 18006838. ... Glass slides are converted into digital slides that can be viewed, managed, shared and analyzed on a computer monitor. With the ... These machines can be used to digitize slides and potentially train computers in deep learning (DL) exercises, to later perform ...
International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery. 12 ((Suppl 1):1): 265-266. arXiv:1611.04138. doi:10.1007/ ... "A Hybrid Computer Case Study for Unconventional Virtual Computing". 2015-06-01. Retrieved 2017-06-05. International Community ... Auditory display Computer music Music and artificial intelligence Kramer, Gregory, ed. (1994). Auditory Display: Sonification, ... "Games and Training for Minimally Invasive Surgery". CURAT Project. University of Bremen. Retrieved 15 July 2020. Winkler, ...
International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery. 5 (2): 183-193. doi:10.1007/s11548-009-0372-4. PMID 20033517 ... MiroSurge as a system for minimally invasive surgery is intended to operate in the abdominal and thoracic region with two MIRO- ... 0,9 kg, i.e. 31.8 US oz) is a robotic instrument for minimally invasive surgery. intra corporal universal joint (2DoF) scissors ... "SAFROS- SAFety in RObotic Surgery". LSRO / SAFROS. Retrieved 2012-05-04. Groeger, Martin; Arbter, K.; Hirzinger, G. (2008). " ...
International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery. 9 (1): 1-9. doi:10.1007/s11548-013-0905-8. ISSN 1861-6410. ...
International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery. 13 (Suppl 1): 135-136. doi:10.1007/s11548-018-1766-y. PMID ... International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery. 12 (8): 1461-1469. doi:10.1007/s11548-017-1589-2. ISSN 1861- ... Rule-based Data Analysis for Minimal Invasive Surgery". 2019 International Conference on Smart Applications, Communications and ...
International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery. 9 (1): 1-9. doi:10.1007/s11548-013-0905-8. PMID 23784222. ... International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery. 10 (5): 603-618. doi:10.1007/s11548-014-1091-z. PMID 24965186 ... As of July 2018[update], he is a postdoctoral fellow in neurological surgery at Northwestern University, where he conducts ...
... endoscopic-computer assisted) surgery:Technique and review". Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery. 6 (2): 159-164. doi:10.4103/2231- ... Some non-nasal surgeries can also be carried out through the use of an endoscope that is entered through the nose. These ... Surgery known as reduction may be carried out on more severe breaks that cause dislocation. Several nasal procedures of the ... Elective procedures to change a nose shape are a type of cosmetic surgery. Several bones and cartilages make up the bony- ...
Computer Assisted Surgery. 3 (2): 91-6. doi:10.1002/rcs.132. PMID 17619240. S2CID 23907940. Darzi, Ara (27 October 2017). "The ... Drills are used in surgery to remove or create holes in bone; specialties that use them include dentistry, orthopedic surgery ... drill Cranial drill is an instrument used throughout skull surgery Breast, similar to an "eggbeater" drill, it has a flat chest ...
Int J of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery, 2016. Nicholas Ayache. From medical images to digital patients, Inaugural ... 1999: Laval Virtual Prize for the introduction of virtual reality in surgery 1996: ECCV Computer Vision Award for transfer to ... In Y. Bertot, G. Huet, J.-J. Lévy, and G. Plotkin, editors, From semantics to computer science: essays in honor of Gilles Kahn ... 2019: Grand Prix de la ville de Nice 2018: Free member of the French Academy of Surgery 2017: Chevalier of the Ordre des Palmes ...
The International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery. 4 (1): 46-50. doi:10.1002/rcs.171. PMID 18240335. ... Virtual planning of surgery and guidance using 3D printed, personalized instruments have been applied to many areas of surgery ... 3D printable models may be created with a computer-aided design (CAD) package, via a 3D scanner, or by a plain digital camera ... The three-dimensional material layer is controlled by deposition rate as set by the printer operator and stored in a computer ...
International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery H Rivaz, EM Boctor, MA Choti, GD Hager (2010). "Real-time ... International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery Narges Ahmidi, Lingling Tao, Shahin Sefati, Yixin Gao, Colin ... Detection and segmentation of robot-assisted surgical motions." Computer Aided Surgery CE Reiley, GD Hager (2009). "Task versus ... 1998 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (Cat. No. 98CB36231). GD Hager, M Dewan, CV ...
The International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery. 2 (3): 203-210. doi:10.1002/rcs.101. PMID 17520633 ... Anything that can assist in bringing this number down is highly recommended and medical simulation has proven to be the key ... This guide may be virtual in nature, such as prompts from a computer program, or may be physically present, in the form of an ... With the help of a UCSD School of Medicine student, Computer Gaming World reported that Surgeon (1986) for the Apple Macintosh ...
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 7 (6): 946-53. doi:10.1097/00004728-198312000-00002. PMID 6415136. S2CID 40010942.(As ... Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 70 (1): 91-3. doi:10.1097/00006534-198207000-00021. PMID 7089113.(As cited in Rott (2005)) ... Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 19 (4): 660-1. doi:10.1097/00004728-199507000-00033. PMID 7622707. Takanashi J, Sugita ...
Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery, volume 1281 of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery". International Congress Series ... Proceedings of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery (CARS) 2010, 5 (Suppl. 1), pp. 119-120" (PDF). Retrieved January 21, ... "Klein J, Bartz D, Friman O, Hadwiger M, Preim B, Ritter F, Vilanova A, Zachmann G; Advanced Algorithms in Medical Computer ... MeVisLab has been used in a wide range of medical and clinical applications, including surgery planning for liver, lung, head ...
"An Augmented Reality Framework for Soft Tissue Surgery". Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention - MICCAI ... Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention - MICCAI 2009. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 5761. pp. 483-490 ... Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention - MICCAI 2014. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 8673. pp. 415-422 ... Computers are improving at a very fast rate, leading to new ways to improve other technology. The more that computers progress ...
Ambatzi, Maria (2020-06-08). "Androniki Drakou @ "Selides Radiofonou" radio show: computer-assisted surgery is the future". ... She also holds a MPhil from the University of Sheffield (2008)and a postgraduate diploma in Principles of Computer-Assisted ... rare skeletal diseases as well as computer assisted and minimally invasive arthroplasty of the hip & knee, while she has ... At the same hospital, in 2020 she performed the first operation using computer-aided simulation and 3-D printing to reconstruct ...
He developed a form of computer assisted surgery for foot and ankle corrections. He has run clinical trials on a variation of ... "Computer Assisted Surgery Based (CAS) based correction of posttraumatic ankle and hindfoot deformities - Preliminary results". ... He also developed several implants for foot and ankle surgery. 2009 Leonard J. Goldner Award der American Orthopaedic Foot and ... Foot and Ankle Surgery. 22 (2): 51. doi:10.1016/j.fas.2016.05.122. Richter, M; Evers, J; Waehnert, D; Deorio, JK; Pinzur, M; ...
Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention - MICCAI 2019. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer ... "Markerless Image-to-Face Registration for Untethered Augmented Reality in Head and Neck Surgery". ... Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer Open. 11:77 (1): 77. doi:10.1186/s13244-020-00869-4. PMC 7280397. PMID 32514649. ... Advances in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 9781848822993. Bhandari, Abhishta ...
Computer-assisted surgery Image-guided radiation therapy Image-guided surgery Robotic surgery Gassert, Roger; Roland Moser; ... IGI robots assist in manipulating the instrument or provide guidance for image-navigation. These robots have the potential to ... Thus, an MRI robot used for prostate biopsies would assist in correctly diagnosing prostate cancer. The URobotics research ... Tsekos NV (2009). "MRI-guided robotics at the U of houston: Evolving Methodologies for interventions and surgeries". 2009 ...
Lemke HU, Vannier MW, Inamura K, Farman AG, Doi K (editors). Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery (Proceedings of the 23rd ... Lemke HU, Vannier MW, Inamura K, Farman AG, Doi K (editors). Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery (Proceedings of the 22nd ... Lemke HU, Vannier MW, Inamura K, Farman AG, Doi K (editors). Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery (Proceedings of the 20th ... ISBN 0-444-50866-X Lemke HU, Vannier MW, Inamura K, Farman AG, Doi K (editors). Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery ( ...
Computer-assisted surgery Minimally-invasive procedures Robot-assisted surgery India portal Medicine portal "Our Doctors". ... He is credited with over 10,000 urological surgical procedures and the highest number of URobotic surgeries in India. He is a ...;2-i. Narmada Prasad Gupta; Anup Kumar; Sachit Sharma (September 2008). "Reconstructive bladder surgery in genitourinary ...;2-i. Narmada Prasad Gupta; Anup Kumar; Sachit Sharma (September 2008). "Reconstructive bladder surgery in genitourinary ...
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 8 (2): 306-316. PMID 6608535.. *^ Vardi, Y.; L. A. Shepp; L. Kaufman (1985). "A ... Stereotactic surgery and radiosurgery: PET-image guided surgery facilitates treatment of intracranial tumors, arteriovenous ... Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 3 (6): 804-814. doi:10.1097/00004728-197903060-00018. ISSN 0363-8715. PMID 315970.. ... These amyloid imaging probes permit the visualization of amyloid plaques in the brains of Alzheimer's patients and could assist ...
Tilton also claimed that he needed plastic surgery to repair capillary damage to his lower eyelids from ink that seeped into ... assisted by Trinity Foundation president Ole Anthony and broadcast on ABC's Primetime Live on November 21, 1991, alleged that ... and computer printout dealing with the codes Tilton's banks and legal staff used when categorizing the returned items, Ole ... computer printouts containing the coding for how Tilton's "personalized" letters were generated, and more, all of which were ...
"UW-Madison Computer Science Ph.D.s Awarded, May 1965 - August 1970". Retrieved 2010-11-08.. PhDs granted at UW-Madison Computer ... 1890: Ida Gray became the first African-American woman to earn a Doctor of Dental Surgery degree, which she earned from the ... 1994: In 1994, the Equity in Athletics Disclosure Act, sponsored by congresswoman Cardiss Collins, required federally assisted ... "UW-Madison Computer Science Ph.D.s Awarded, May 1965 - August 1970". Retrieved 2013-03-03.. ...
One example of high-risk devices are those with Embedded software such as pacemakers, and which assist in the conduct of ... and a personal computer.[68] These researchers showed they could shut down a combination heart defibrillator and pacemaker and ... computer scientists proved that pacemakers and defibrillators can be hacked wirelessly via radio hardware, an antenna, ... but which may be assisted in its function by such means;" ... Medical devices were used for surgery in ancient Rome.. ...
For at least 40,000 years, the healing tool was believed to assist in healing "broken bones, muscle tears and illnesses of ... allows relaxation while drawing images like landscapes enhanced by computer generated sounds ... ranging from stress relief before and after surgeries to neuropathologies such as Alzheimer's disease. One study found that ... Both techniques use systematic processes where the therapists assist the client by using musical experiences and connections ...
Computers, tablets, cameras, letters and books were seized.[56] Nitschke said police actions were unprecedented and probably in ... In an article in December 2017 about the Sarco, Newsweek referred to Nitschke as "the Elon Musk of assisted suicide".[96] ... She had undergone multiple surgeries to treat bowel cancer and was left with multiple dense and inoperable bowel adhesions that ... "Meet The Elon Musk Of Assisted Suicide, Whose Machine Lets You Kill Yourself Anywhere". Newsweek. 2017-01-12. Retrieved 2018-04 ...
Computers and mobile technologyEdit. Access technology such as screen readers, screen magnifiers and refreshable Braille ... Such software can assist blind people with orientation and navigation, but it is not a replacement for traditional mobility ... after pediatric cataract surgery because the cataracts prevented the normal maturation of vision prior to operation.[32] ... They use computers with special hardware such as scanners and refreshable Braille displays as well as software written ...
"Computer Gaming World. p. 42. Retrieved 1 November 2013.. *^ Richard H. Riley (2008). Chapter 38: Society for Simulation in ... "International Journal of Surgery. 10 (8): 393-398. doi:10.1016/j.ijsu.2012.05.005.. ... Anything that can assist in bringing this number down is highly recommended and medical simulation has proven to be the key ... With the help of a UCSD School of Medicine student, Computer Gaming World reported that Surgeon (1986) for the Apple Macintosh ...
Robot-assisted surgery. *Synthetic biology *Synthetic genomics. *Virotherapy *Oncolytic virus. *Tricorder. *Whole genome ... Brain-computer interface. *Electroencephalography. *Mind uploading *Brain-reading. *Neuroinformatics. *Neuroprosthetics *Bionic ...
The actual surgery typically lasts 30 to 90 minutes. Following surgery, the patient should exercise reasonable care with the ... This type more closely resembles the natural pacing of the heart by assisting the heart in coordinating the function between ... the computer logic for the pacemaker and the output circuitry which delivers the pacing impulse to the electrodes. ... The epicardial pacemaker leads were placed after the patient collapsed during aortic valve surgery. In the first half of the ...
Carroll, K. M., Ball, S. A., Martino, S., Nich, C., Babuscio, T. A., Nuro, K. F., and Rounsaville, B. J., Computer-assisted ... Pediatric surgery international, Vol. 31, No. 2, 2015, pp197-201. Rodriguez, R. M., Taylor, O., Shah, S., and Urstein, S., A ... In Computer Applications and Industrial Electronics (ISCAIE), IEEE Symposium, 2012. Bruscia, K. (1998). Defining music therapy ... Marks, Isaac M.; Mataix-Cols, D., Kenwright, M., Cameron, R., Hirsch, and S., Gega, L., "Pragmatic evaluation of computer-aided ...
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 23 (5): 670-7. doi:10.1097/00004728-199909000-00004. PMID 10524843.. ... In certain cases surgery may include a liver transplantation.[3] Even when surgery is successful 5-year survival is typically ... "Annals of Surgery. 224 (4): 463-73, discussion 473-5. doi:10.1097/00000658-199610000-00005. PMC 1235406. PMID 8857851.. ... "Annals of Surgery. 221 (6): 788-97, discussion 797-8. doi:10.1097/00000658-199506000-00017. PMC 1234714. PMID 7794082.. ...
After his successful surgery, Ramanujan searched for a job. He stayed at a friend's house while he went from door to door ... By 14, he was receiving merit certificates and academic awards that continued throughout his school career, and he assisted the ... Vasavi College of Engineering named its Department of Computer Science and Information Technology "Ramanujan Block". ... In January 1910, a doctor volunteered to do the surgery at no cost.[24] ...
This type of communication can transmit voice, video, and telemetry through local area networks, computer networks, or across ... Robot-assisted surgery. *Synthetic biology *Synthetic genomics. *Virotherapy *Oncolytic virus. *Tricorder. *Whole genome ... The information transmitted is typically digital information generated by computers, telephone systems and cable television ...
... whether radiation therapy is being administered before or after surgery, and the degree of success of surgery. ... Computer-controlled x-ray accelerators distribute precise radiation doses to malignant tumors or specific areas within the ... the use of assisted reproductive technologies and micromanipulation techniques might increase this risk.[27] ... It is typically used for treating early rectal cancer in patients who may not be candidates for surgery.[63][64][65] A 2015 ...
A euthanaticum is used for euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide. Euthanasia is not permitted by law in many countries, and ... Medieval medicine saw advances in surgery, but few truly effective drugs existed, beyond opium (found in such extremely popular ... One or more of these steps may, but not necessarily, involve computer-aided drug design. ...
In computing, an autonomous peripheral is one that can be used with the computer turned off. ... Performing surgery on a patient without informed consent is in general thought to only be ethically justified when the ... current article 8 has remedied to that when the case of Pretty v the United Nations which was a case in 2002 involving assisted ...
Assisted suicide. Wyden personally opposes assisted suicide and stated he voted against the Oregon Death with Dignity Act, ... He underwent surgery on December 20 at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. The surgery was successful and Wyden quickly ... Computer Fraud and Abuse Act. *Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. *Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act ... "Wyden defends assisted suicide law" (May 25, 2006). The Oregonian. *^ "State of Oregon v. Gonzales Archived May 27, 2016, at ...
"Journal of Spine Surgery. 2 (4): 299-309. doi:10.21037/jss.2016.09.05. PMC 5233861. PMID 28097247.. ... Early use of augmentative and alternative communication systems may assist the child in developing spoken language skills.[32] ... and communication aids such as computers with attached voice synthesisers.[citation needed] A Cochrane review published in 2004 ... and surgery. Surgical intervention in CP children mainly includes orthopaedic surgery and neurosurgery (selective dorsal ...
MGH - Laboratory of Computer Science *^ Edwin D. Reilly (2003). Milestones in Computer Science and Information Technology. ... "The COACH prompting system to assist older adults with dementia through handwashing: an efficacy study". BMC Geriatrics. 8: 28 ... Surgery. *Rehabilitation/ Health resort treatment. One of the main issues of the post-Soviet medical health care system was the ... Worldwide use of computer technology in medicine began in the early 1950s with the rise of the computers.[41] In 1949, Gustav ...
a b ULRICH R S. VIEW THROUGH A WINDOW MAY INFLUENCE RECOVERY FROM SURGERY. Science (Washington D C) [serial online]. 1984;224( ... ASSIST recommends: Guide to Light and Color in Retail Merchandising. 2010. Volume 8, Issue 1. Available online at: "Archived ... Uplighting (indirect) uses a diffuse surface to reflect light in a space and can minimize disabling glare on computer displays ... More critical or optimized designs now routinely use mathematical modeling on a computer using software such as Radiance which ...
Computer scienceEdit. In computer science an in situ operation is one that occurs without interrupting the normal state of a ... The most common type of in situ petroleum production is referred to as SAGD (steam-assisted gravity drainage) this is becoming ... This type of tumor can often, depending on where it is located, be removed by surgery. ... "IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics. 23 (1): 461-470. doi:10.1109/TVCG.2016.2598608. PMID 27875162. ...
There are many uses for MEG, including assisting surgeons in localizing a pathology, assisting researchers in determining the ... A computer uses the data gathered by the sensors to create multicolored 2- or 3-dimensional images that show where the compound ... Another indication for neuroimaging is CT-, MRI- and PET-guided stereotactic surgery or radiosurgery for treatment of ... Typically used for quickly viewing brain injuries, CT scanning uses a computer program that performs a numerical integral ...
Wong TY, Knudtson MD, Klein R, Klein BE, Meuer SM, Hubbard LD (2004). "Computer assisted measurement of retinal vessel ... Charles Schepens - "the father of modern retinal surgery". *Evolution of the eye ... Computers operate on a single floating point number that is essentially constant from each input pixel. (The computer pixel is ... Azzopardi G.; Petkov N. (2011). Detection of retinal vascular bifurcations by trainable V4-like filters, in Computer Analysis ...
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 2010 May-June; 34(3):440-445. ... Cerebral bypass surgery[edit]. Cerebral bypass surgery was developed in the 1960s in Switzerland by Gazi Yasargil, M.D. When a ...
The Army learned many lessons and modernized its procedures,[43] and medical science-especially surgery-made many advances.[44] ... who again assisted Morrill in the bill's drafting. The Morrill Tariff of 1861 was designed to raise revenue. The tariff act of ... he also figured out how to mechanically analyze data by turning it into numbers and punching onto the computer punch card, ...
"Recent News - Program of Computer Graphics". *^ Kayumov L, Casper RF, Hawa RJ, Perelman B, Chung SA ... Melatonin may also reduce postoperative anxiety (measured 6 hours after surgery) when compared to placebo.[125] ... "Phytomelatonin: assisting plants to survive and thrive". Molecules. 20 (4): 7396-437. doi:10.3390/molecules20047396. PMC ...
The International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery ( ... Contemporary Surgery (. «Contemporary Surgery - Medical journal for surgery». Consultado em 17 de janeiro de 2010. ) ... West African Journal of Assisted Reproduction ([7]). Anestesiologia[editar , editar código-fonte]. *Acta Anaesthesiologica ... Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery (página oficial). *Insuficiencia Cardiaca (Heart ...
1979 - Allan M. Cormack, United States, and Godfrey N. Hounsfield, United Kingdom, for the development of computer assisted ... 1949 - António Egas Moniz, Portugal, for using leucotomy (brain surgery) to cure some mental illnesses.[40] ...
... began working on creating a next-generation robot system to assist the surgeon in performing knee and hip replacement surgeries ... Wachter, Robert (2015). The Digital Doctor: Hope, Hype, and Harm at the Dawn of Medicine's Computer Age. New York, NY: McGraw ... Shortly, robotic pills are expected to reduce the number of surgeries.[34] They can be moved inside a patient and delivered to ... Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a program that enables computers to sense, reason, act and adapt. AI is not new, but it is ...
International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery. Coverage. Volume 1 / 2006 - Volume 13 / 2018. Print ISSN. ... International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery. A journal for interdisciplinary research, development and ... The International Journal for Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery (IJCARS) is a peer-reviewed journal that provides a ... The focus of the journal is on Research and Development of digital imaging methods and computer-assisted diagnostic and ...
Image-Guided Otologic Surgery. The major goals of this project were to demonstrate the feasibility of otologic surgery via ... Image-Guided Otologic Surgery. The major goals of this study were the further development and validation of a novel fiducial ... The goal of this project is to use image-guided surgery to program a laser to raster over vital anatomy providing an ... This technique utilized image-guided surgery to reduce a wide-field, time intensive procedure to a minimally-invasive procedure ...
The International Journal for Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery (IJCARS) is a peer-reviewed journal that provides a ... International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery A journal for interdisciplinary research, development and ... The International Journal for Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery (IJCARS) is a peer-reviewed journal that provides a ... Encourages interdisciplinary research on Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery (CARS) that closes the gap between medical and ...
Computer Assisted Surgery (CAS) such as hip joint resurfacing surgery and, more precisely, to a method for assisting hip joint ... In accordance with a third embodiment, there is provided a method for drilling a bone element in computer-assisted surgery, ... A method for drilling a bone element in computer-assisted surgery, comprising: providing a positioning frame having a drill ... and a computer-assisted surgery system providing orientation data associated with tracking of the drill guide and of a frame of ...
The International Journal for Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery (IJCARS) is a peer-reviewed journal that provides a ... International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery A journal for interdisciplinary research, development and ...
This instrument-tracking technology makes it possible to view surgical instruments with the help of 3D images of the spine, increasing accuracy and safety during spinal procedures.. ...
... 5 pages•Published: August 17, 2017. Zoheir ... The hip center (HC) in Computer Assisted Orthopedic Surgery (CAOS) can be determined either with anatomical (AA) or functional ... 17th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Computer Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery}, editor = {Klaus Radermacher and ... 17th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Computer Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery, vol 1, pages 340--344 ...
3D planning and virtual surgery in the management of patients with localized renal carcinoma undergoing laparoscopic surgery.A ... Computer-assisted laparoscopic surgery for renal carcinoma] July 29, 2018 To investigate the effectiveness and benefits of ... The use of computer-assisted 3D planning and virtual operations improves immediate results of surgery in RCC patients ... 3D planning and virtual surgery in the management of patients with localized renal carcinoma undergoing laparoscopic surgery. ...
Adverse events in robotic surgery: a retrospective study of 14 years of FDA data. Get Citation Alemzadeh H, Raman J, Leveson N ... Robotic surgery: how safe is it? Quintero F. Orlando Sentinel. June 16, 2010;A1. ... a process-tracing technique to examine the complex physician-computer interaction, and the problems that developed while in use ... this retrospective study evaluated adverse events related to robotic surgery reported between 2000 and 2013. Device ...
Recommendations for patients who may seek to have robotically assisted surgery include asking about their surgeons experience ... Adverse events in robotic surgery: a retrospective study of 14 years of FDA data. Get Citation Alemzadeh H, Raman J, Leveson N ... Robotic surgery: how safe is it? Quintero F. Orlando Sentinel. June 16, 2010;A1. ... This announcement seeks to raise awareness of the potential risks associated with the use of robotic-assisted surgical devices ...
Conventional neuroendoscopic surgery using a stereotaxic frame has two important problems: difficulty of holding the lenscope ... computer-assisted endomicroscopic surgery. Computer-assisted endomicroscopic surgery was performed using the "navigated ... Computer-Assisted Endomicroscopic Surgery. In: Tamaki N., Ehara K. (eds) Computer-Assisted Neurosurgery. Springer, Tokyo. * DOI ... Neuroendoscope Neuronavigation Minimally invasive neurosurgery Computer-assisted neurosurgery Mechanical holding system 3-D ...
Buy a discounted Paperback of Computer and Robotic Assisted Hip and Knee Surgery online from Australias leading online ... Booktopia has Computer and Robotic Assisted Hip and Knee Surgery by Anthony DiGioia. ... The book presents an overview of available Computer Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery (CAOS) solutions to assist with adult ... Software infrastructure for computer-assisted orthopaedic surgery 7: R H Taylor: Robotic systems for orthopaedic surgery 8: B ...
CAS is also known as computer-aided surgery, computer-assisted intervention, image-guided surgery, digital surgery and surgical ... Computer-assisted surgery is the beginning of a revolution in surgery. It already makes a great difference in high-precision ... Computer-assisted surgery (CAS) represents a surgical concept and set of methods, that use computer technology for surgical ... With the advent of computer-assisted surgery, great progresses have been made in general surgery towards minimal invasive ...
International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery. Publisher. Springer. Website. Periodicity. ... In International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery, 0 (0) pp. 275-281. ... In International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery, 3 (6) pp. 511-524. ...
If required by your instructor, you can add annotations to your citations. Just select Add Annotation while finalizing your citation. You can always edit a citation as well. ...
The Bombay Hospital has achieved a big milestone of having performed 100 computer assisted Total Knee Replacement (TKR) ... Bombay Hospital Achieves Milestone of 100 Computer Assisted Total Knee Replacement Surgeries. ... Computer Related Injuries. Computer- related injury (CRI) is a cluster of work-related symptoms in computer users such as ... Osteoarthritis Cost Comparison Knee Replacement Computer Related Injuries Knee Replacement Surgery Baker s Cyst Arthroplasty ...
The 20th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Computer Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery, vol 4, pages 53--55 ... The 20th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Computer Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery}, editor = {Ferdinando Rodriguez ... Detailed analysis of Time taken in Robotic Surgery for Total Hip Replacement Arthroplasty and comparison with computer assisted ... Detailed analysis of Time taken in Robotic Surgery for Total Hip Replacement Arthroplasty and comparison with computer assisted ...
Laboratory Unit for Computer Assisted Surgery is a system used for virtual surgical planning. Starting with 1998, LUCAS was ... Marmulla R, Niederdellmann H: Surgical Planning of Computer Assisted Repositioning Osteotomies, Plast Reconstr Surg 104 (4): ...
This report is an analytical business tool with the primary purpose of describing the medical robotics and computer-assisted ... surgery (MRCAS) equipment industry and the global market for these devices. It focuses on the Americas and includes forecasts ... Medical Robotics and Computer-Assisted Surgery: The Global Market (focus on the Americas). Oct 2011, HLC098A, BCC Publishing ... Full Report: Medical Robotics and Computer-Assisted Surgery: The Global Market (focus on the Americas). 169. $2,685. Free. ...
Find any required new, refurbished or used Computer Assisted Surgery Equipment or device. ... used Computer Assisted Surgery Equipment for sale or auction. ... Computer Assisted Surgery System , Image Guided Surgery System ... Tips for buying Computer Assisted Surgery. * Facilities should make sure that the system they are about to purchase is ... Device: Computer Assisted Surgery. Manufacturer: Medtronic. Model: StealthStation Treon plus Location: United States Minor ...
Find any required new, refurbished or used Computer Assisted Surgery Equipment or device. ... used Computer Assisted Surgery Equipment for sale or auction. ... Computer Assisted Surgery System , Image Guided Surgery System ... Tips for buying Computer Assisted Surgery. * Facilities should make sure that the system they are about to purchase is ... Device: Computer Assisted Surgery. Manufacturer: Brainlab. Model: VectorVision compact Location: Germany, Bavaria. Rating: 93% ...
... Domenii publicaţii > Ştiinţe medicale ... Cuvinte cheie: Laparoscopic computer-assisted pyeloplasty: the results of experimental surgery in pigs ...
International Society of Computer Assisted Surgery), CAOS (Computer Assisted Orthopedic Surgery), MICCAI (Medical Image ... Japan Society for Computer Aided Surgery) and CURAC (German Society for Computer and Robot-Assisted Surgery). The contributions ... GMS Current Topics in Computer and Robot Assisted Surgery. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Computer- und Roboterassistierte Chirurgie ... Computer Assisted Surgery is characterized by its essential need for interdisciplinary exchange between different surgical ...
Podcast: Use of computer or robotic technology to assist surgeons in performing gynaecological surgery. Recent developments ... Tess: Robot-assisted surgery is used in several countries for gynaecological surgery, particularly for removing the uterus, ... This is called robot-assisted surgery and the Cochrane Review of its use in gynaecological surgery was updated in October 2018 ... This is called robot-assisted surgery and the Cochrane Review of its use in gynaecological surgery was updated in October 2018 ...
The aim of the study was to quantify the radiation doses during spine surgery in different types of computer-ass... ... Computer-assisted surgery (CAS) means improved accuracy in inserting screws. Usually the required time of the intraoperative ... Computer-assisted surgery (CAS) means improved accuracy in inserting screws. Usually the required time of the intraoperative ... The aim of the study was to quantify the radiation doses during spine surgery in different types of computer-assisted surgical ...
Computer Assisted Surgery creates a 3-D model of a patients spine, which essentially provides an exact road map for surgeons ... What Makes up a Computer Assisted Surgery System?. Most surgical navigation systems use a computer with the surgical navigation ... What is Computer Assisted Spine Surgery?. Customized software builds a 3D model of each patients spine. This provides a ... Computer Assisted Surgery uses a specialized software to create a virtual, 3-D model of a patients spine, which essentially ...
Finally, the topics discussed in this work are applied to the development of a computer-assisted training system for ... To achieve high-fidelity with such a computer-assisted training system, the input device also provides the sensations ... These techniques, referred to as minimally invasive surgery (MIS), involve complex instruments and imaging devices to reach and ... of the last decades enabled the development of a set of new medical techniques that differ from traditional open surgery. ...
GMS Current Topics in Computer and Robot Assisted Surgery. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Computer- und Roboterassistierte Chirurgie ... GMS Current Topics in Computer and Robot Assisted Surgery Jahrgang 2 Issue 1: 5. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft f r ... GMS Current Topics in Computer and Robot Assisted Surgery ist eine j hrlich erscheinende Zeitschrift der Deutschen ... Sensor-based force measurement during FESS for robot assisted surgery Tingelhoff K, Wagner I, Eichhorn K, Rilk M, Westphal R, ...
A method and apparatus for a computer assisted surgery (CAS) system using alternative energy tissue and bone alteration ... A computer assisted surgery system for altering an anatomical structure of a patient, the system comprising: a computer ... A method for altering an anatomical structure of a patient using a computer assisted surgery system including a computer and an ... is a perspective view of a surgical instrument and a computer navigation device of a known computer assisted surgery (CAS) ...
... Type. Journal article ... Results: The added cost of computer assisted surgery, provided this has no impact on implant survival, is NOK 1037 and NOK 1414 ... Background: The use of Computer Assisted Surgery (CAS) for knee replacements is intended to improve the alignment of knee ... Methods: By employing a Markov model, we analysed the cost effectiveness of computer assisted surgery versus conventional ...
  • The book is intended for practicing orthopaedic surgeons, fellows, residents-in-training and medical students interested in the latest technological developments in computer assisted surgery as well as for engineers and developers interested in learning more about the interaction of advanced technology with orthopaedic clinical practice. (
  • Computer Assisted Surgery uses a specialized software to create a virtual, 3-D model of a patient's spine, which essentially provides an exact road map for surgeons to follow. (
  • With the help of an intraoperative computer-assisted navigation system, surgeons can precisely locate the orbit of a fixation device, which can greatly enhance the accuracy of the fixation implantation [ 17 ]. (
  • The Computer Assisted Navigation Surgery enables surgeons to maximize accuracy of surgery, to accomplish high success rate of surgery, and to reduce recurrence rate. (
  • As a result of using computer assisted navigation, surgeons are able to accomplish 98% success rate. (
  • Our surgeons use standard or computer assisted implant techniques, relying on a special navigator used in orthopaedics treatments that transmits real time information to the surgeon on how to operate, in order to achieve a high precision geometric reconstruction. (
  • Therefore, computer technology has been introduced to assist in more accurate positioning of prosthetic components, allowing the surgeons to make informed decisions intra-operatively for precise prosthetic placement. (
  • Computer Assisted Surgery India has been attracting attention worldwide as the computer surgery in India is properly planned and performed by expert surgeons. (
  • Apart from the state of the art facilities, expert surgeons who have massive experience both in India and abroad, the cost and other associated charges of computer assisted surgeries in India are economical compared to that of developed countries. (
  • If you are ready to discuss your surgery needs with our board-certified surgeons, request a consultation today . (
  • Computer-Assisted Navigation - Surgeons already have the information regarding location and size of tumor. (
  • It is therefore no surprise that computers should come to the assistance of surgeons, especially in surgeries where precision is required. (
  • Today, the same principal is assisting the surgeons in various fields to improve the results, and reduce the incidence of complications that can result from technical insufficiencies. (
  • The Workshop consensus was that since video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is becoming the mainstream approach to resectable lung cancer in North America and Europe, robotic surgery for thoracic oncology is likely to be embraced by an increasing numbers of thoracic surgeons, since it has technical advantages over VATS, including intuitive movements, tremor filtration, more degrees of manipulative freedom, motion scaling, and high-definition stereoscopic vision. (
  • These advantages may make robotic surgery more accessible than VATS to trainees and experienced surgeons and also lead to expanded indications. (
  • Thoracic surgeons should be enthusiastic about robotic surgery because of its high-definition visibility, greater independence, and easier more intuitive movements compared to video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). (
  • In collaboration with CAOS China and the China Society of Computer Aided Surgery, we would like to gather many surgeons and researchers in this area, in order to result in a rich and fruitful exchange of ideas, information on various new technologies, as well as the formulation of future directions for CAOS. (
  • Furthermore, the company says the ADAPT system has been proven to assist surgeons with better outcomes, regardless of their expertise. (
  • Mastering the Art of Surgery At the 16th World Congress of Endoscopic Surgery and 2018 SAGES Meeting April 11th-14th in Seattle, WA The Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) will kick off its 2018 Annual Meeting as part of the 16th World Congress of Endoscopic Surgery. (
  • Navio provides surgeons with a hand-held, computer-assisted bone cutting tool, which is precisely guided with the robot's navigation system. (
  • Surgeons use computer mapping in conjunction with a robotic arm to resurface the diseased portion of the knee joint and insert the implant. (
  • Low Cost Computer Assisted surgery India is performed to place the joints and bones exactly in their places so that patients after recovery should not feel any type of discomfort or pain in the area where bone are fixed by surgeons. (
  • In other words one can say this as image guided surgery where surgeons get timely assistance through computer in conducting a surgery along with other assistants. (
  • The ExactechGPS application's preoperative planning tool is designed to help surgeons understand their patient's anatomy prior to surgery and plan the surgery through a virtual simulation. (
  • Robotically-assisted surgery was developed to try to overcome the limitations of pre-existing minimally-invasive surgical procedures and to enhance the capabilities of surgeons performing open surgery. (
  • The main object of such smart instruments is to reduce or eliminate the tissue trauma traditionally associated with open surgery without requiring more than a few minutes' training on the part of surgeons. (
  • In addition, surgeons no longer have to stand throughout the surgery and do not get tired as quickly. (
  • Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) is one surgical approach with the goal in mind of enabling surgeons to perform hip replacement surgery with greater precision and less injury to the body. (
  • The feedback the system provides of the instrument location is particularly useful in situations where the surgeon cannot actually see the tip of the instrument, such as in minimally invasive surgeries. (
  • Robotic surgery is a term used for correlated actions of a surgeon and a surgical robot (that has been programmed to carry out certain actions during the preoperative planning procedure). (
  • Robotic surgery can be divided into three types, depending on the degree of surgeon interaction during the procedure: supervisory-controlled, telesurgical, and shared-control. (
  • A telesurgical system, also known as remote surgery, requires the surgeon to manipulate the robotic arms during the procedure rather than allowing the robotic arms to work from a predetermined program. (
  • Computers, working in tandem with a variety of microprocessor-enabled equipment and instruments, support and facilitate the work of the surgeon and have brought a level of safety and precision to surgery that would have been inconceivable just a few years ago. (
  • Orthopedic surgeon, Dr. Oluwaseun Akinbo MD, has recently incorporated this novel computer assisted navigation into his practice for performing total knee replacements. (
  • Does it mean computers are doing knee replacements that were once done by knee replacement surgeon ? (
  • Do you think that now the doctors are replaced by computerized robots who cut open your knee joint and do whole knee surgery that was once done by your orthopedic surgeon? (
  • Under surgeon, surgical experience and accuracy of computer, it is possible to accomplish successful surgery. (
  • In Computer Guided or Robotic assisted surgery , digital technology is used to enable the surgeon to position the cutting jigs more accurately compared to conventional techniques. (
  • Dr Andrew Quoc Dutton is a Harvard fellowship-trained orthopaedic surgeon subspecialising in arthroscopic surgery and computer-assisted knee surgeries. (
  • Navigation systems may also be used prior to surgery to collect patient data that will help the surgeon prepare for the procedure itself. (
  • Since the cutting guides alone are navigated during surgery, the surgeon might make an error by bending the saw blade while re-sectioning the bone. (
  • We assist the patients in arranging medical visa, accommodation for the patient and family, meals, appointment with surgeon. (
  • Computer Assisted Surgery, abbreviated CAS, uses special probes attached to the body to help your surgeon ensure proper positioning of the joint replacement implants. (
  • With Computer Guided Surgery the surgeon has a greater vision during surgery. (
  • During the surgery, the surgeon has only one chance to make a correct cut. (
  • The Computer Guided Surgery System allows the surgeon to precisely judge the accuracy before making a cut. (
  • Computer assisted surgery is the combination of the precision of computer technology and the expertise of a surgeon. (
  • The surgeon can make use of a 3D computer imaging system that provides the 3D model of theoperative field. (
  • Such availability of real-time data helps the surgeon to complete the surgery successfully. (
  • Thus, the surgeon can able to do the surgery in a preoperative virtual environment, Thus, it enhances the accuracy of the surgical procedure and decrease the surgical morbidity. (
  • The real time data that offered by CAS can lend a hand to the surgeon to plan, execute and follow up of the surgery. (
  • The skills of the surgeon are increased by computer assisted surgeries. (
  • Hip navigation powered by a computer aided program helps provides a real time views of the implants and the positions of the other components that help the surgeon to proceed with the surgery with precision and accuracy. (
  • During this surgery, your surgeon will carefully insert an endoscope through the nose into the sinuses. (
  • The surgeon also uses the Medtronic Fusion™ navigation system, a specialized three-dimensional, computer-enhanced visualization system, which provides the surgeon with a real-time display of a surgical instrument's location and trajectory overlain on the patient's CT scan for extremely precise control. (
  • Computer navigation provides the surgeon with the real time 3-D images of the mapped patient's affected joint and the surgical instruments during surgery. (
  • The computer than generates the real time images with the help of the appropriate software to guide the surgeon to precisely resurface and cut the bones of the joint and fix the implant precisely & accurately according to the pre-operative surgical plan. (
  • Thus the surgery is done by the surgeon only. (
  • Computer navigation is just a tool to guide the surgeon and improve the outcome of the surgery. (
  • Computer Assisted Surgery (CAS) technology allows the surgeon to simultaneously visualize two- or three-dimensional views of the patient's anatomy on a monitor, and provides real-time, intra-operative views of surgical instruments and the relative digital positioning of implantable devices. (
  • This technology provides three-dimensional modeling to help your surgeon plan your procedure, and it gives the surgeon real-time feedback during surgery to ensure accurate implant placement and alignment. (
  • The surgeon measures the angle of deformity, assesses the wear of the joint surfaces and measures the dimensions of damaged or diseased bones, and assesses the status of the ligaments that give stability to the joint during surgery. (
  • Computer guided system is also called 'Navigation' as it guides the surgeon in all the steps of surgery and even point out errors before they are made. (
  • As the surgeon moves an instrument within the patient's joint, the infrared camera, like the GPS satellite, calculates its position, and then transfers that data to a computer in the operation theater. (
  • Computer generates a bone model that guides the surgeon in virtually all the steps of the surgery. (
  • In this minimally invasive surgical procedure, the surgeon replaces the hip joint with the aid of a computer guidance system. (
  • The surgeon uses specialized instruments that can be precisely tracked by the computer. (
  • CAS has provided to be a useful tool in assisting the surgeon to achieve more accurate post-operative mechanical axis through precise and reproducible bone cuts and ligament balancing. (
  • Computer assisted spine surgery includes images displayed in real time on a computer screen, offering the surgeon a high-level, detailed view that would otherwise be unobtainable with a scalpel and the naked eye. (
  • The new technology of computer-based navigation system has completely eliminated misalignment and has made joint replacement surgery nearly 100% accurate, said Franz Maurer, orthopaedic knee replacement surgeon and navigation specialist from Germany. (
  • Elaborating, orthopaedic and joint replacement surgeon Narendra Vaidya and managing trustee, Lokmanya hospital, said, "Proven in the US and Europe for more than 150,000 joints implantations, computer-assisted navigation Orthopilot enables the surgeon to consistently achieve results that are far more accurate than via conventional methods. (
  • Orthopilot is a computer-assisted navigation system that guides a surgeon to make precise cuts in the knee and remove the deformities. (
  • The surgeon then guides the leg through a series of prescribed movements which, in turn, are recorded by navigation's infrared camera and transmitted to computer. (
  • The computer analyses those positions to create an anatomic 'drawing' of the knee and updates this information throughout the procedure, displaying for the surgeon all relevant axes, angles, and distances. (
  • The decision to proceed with TKA surgery is a cooperative one between you, your surgeon, family and your local doctor. (
  • Research in the Surgical Mechatronics Laboratory aims to develop intelligent tools that improve performance in microsurgery and minimally invasive surgery while at the same time leaving the surgeon in full control of the procedure and benefiting from his expertise and dexterity. (
  • Image-based computational modeling might assist the surgeon in planning by enhanced analysis of preoperative hemodynamics, and in the future might serve as platform for outcome prediction. (
  • In the first study of its kind, adult spine surgeon Dr. John Street and colleagues at the Vancouver Spine Surgery Institute at Vancouver General Hospital (VGH) recently compared clinical outcomes for two groups of patients. (
  • The use of robotics in knee replacement surgery is still relatively new, and requires a knowledgeable surgeon with experience in the traditional open surgery methods as well," says Dr. Seth Greenky. (
  • According to Dr. Greenky, "Robotic-assisted surgery can improve accuracy and placement of the implant and provides a certain level of predictability in outcomes for the surgeon and patient. (
  • Usage of modern technology in the field of medicine increasing day by day making surgeon to perform surgeries more precise and accurate yielding very good results and the success rates has been increased enormously. (
  • Board-certified orthopedic surgeon Jaicharan Iyengar, MD , performs shoulder replacement surgery at St. Joseph's using the advanced ExactechGPS computer-assisted technology. (
  • Provides surgeon with real-time visual guidance in total shoulder surgery. (
  • Combines surgeon expertise with a computer system to perform your shoulder surgery with a goal of advanced accuracy and precision, allowing for simple adjustments and implant alignment personalized to your unique anatomy. (
  • As the name suggests, for surgery of the partial knee, the surgeon removes the arthritic portion of the knee and then replaces that area with either metal or plastic. (
  • This helps to give the most minimally invasive surgeries as well as the data of the patient is entered into the computer which then tells the specifications that the surgeon needs to follow, with a 3-D model of the knee and proper alignment and accuracy. (
  • A telemanipulator is a remote manipulator that allows the surgeon to perform the normal movements associated with the surgery whilst the robotic arms carry out those movements using end-effectors and manipulators to perform the actual surgery on the patient. (
  • In computer-controlled systems, the surgeon uses a computer to control the robotic arms and its end-effectors, though these systems can also still use telemanipulators for their input. (
  • One advantage of using the computerized method is that the surgeon does not have to be present, but can be anywhere in the world, leading to the possibility for remote surgery . (
  • Compared with other minimally invasive surgery approaches, robot-assisted surgery gives the surgeon better control over the surgical instruments and a better view of the surgical site. (
  • Later a simpler and less expensive computer assisted system based on intraoperative fluoroscopic images was developed for tibia osteotomy (see the document Osteotomy ), enabling the surgeon to plan and track the intervention on a 3D view of the limb obtained from calibrated pairs of fluoroscopic scans (see the images below). (
  • 1 Arthroscopic surgery allows your orthopedic surgeon to see, diagnose, and treat problems inside your knee. (
  • Depending on the amount of damage caused by arthritis, a surgeon may recommend hip resurfacing or total hip replacement surgery to a patient. (
  • Improving the Centre For Medical Image Computing, University College London, London, UK robustness, accessibility and reliability of image-guidance Division of Surgery and Interventional Science, University College London, London, UK 123 948 International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery (2018) 13:947-956 systems could potentially increase the number of patients of an additional CT or MRI scan immediately before the benefiting from minimally invasive surgeries. (
  • To investigate the effectiveness and benefits of using 3D planning and virtual surgery in the management of patients with localized renal carcinoma undergoing laparoscopic surgery. (
  • The use of computer-assisted 3D planning and virtual operations improves immediate results of surgery in RCC patients undergoing organ-sparing and organ-removing laparoscopic surgery. (
  • In conclusion, low-certainty evidence for hysterectomy and sacrocolpopexy operations suggests that complication rates for robot-assisted surgery might be similar to those for conventional laparoscopic surgery. (
  • This paper demonstrates an insertable magnetic actuated robotic camera system with two-degree-of-freedom (2-DoF) orientation control for single incision laparoscopic surgery. (
  • PURPOSE: Computer-assisted laparoscopic surgery (CALS) in children is increasingly used and has proven to be feasible and safe. (
  • This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. (
  • The hip center (HC) in Computer Assisted Orthopedic Surgery (CAOS) can be determined either with anatomical (AA) or functional approaches (FA). (
  • inproceedings{CAOS2017:Hip_center_localization_in, author = {Zoheir Dib and Guillaume Dardenne and Chafiaa Hamitouche and Christian Lef\textbackslash{}`evre and Eric Stindel}, title = {Hip center localization in computer assisted orthopaedic surgery: an in-vitro study}, booktitle = {CAOS 2017. (
  • The book presents an overview of available Computer Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery (CAOS) solutions to assist with adult reconstructive hip and knee procedures. (
  • The benefjits of CAOS in clinical practice include improved planning, increased accuracy, intraoperative information and guidance, and the potential to enable less or minimally invasive surgery without loss of accuracy. (
  • inproceedings{CAOS2020:Detailed_analysis_of_Time, author = {Kamal Deep}, title = {A Detailed analysis of Time taken in Robotic Surgery for Total Hip Replacement Arthroplasty and comparison with computer assisted navigation in Total Hip Replacement Arthroplasty}, booktitle = {CAOS 2020. (
  • This progression is reflected in young, but growing interdisciplinary societies like ISCAS (International Society of Computer Assisted Surgery), CAOS (Computer Assisted Orthopedic Surgery), MICCAI (Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Interventions), JSCAS (Japan Society for Computer Aided Surgery) and CURAC (German Society for Computer and Robot-Assisted Surgery). (
  • While the same types of prosthesis used in non-CAS procedures are used during computer guided knee surgery, tools for Computer Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery (CAOS), also known as Surgical Navigation or Image Guided Surgery, are widely and routinely used today. (
  • When considering computer guided knee surgery, bear in mind that CAOS is still evolving and studies of the full extent of its capabilities and possible complications are still being conducted. (
  • Computer Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery: CAOS or CHAOS? (
  • Knee replacement surgeries are also known as knee arthroplasty, and it is a procedure to improve or partially and fully remove the surfaces of the knee that reduces the pain, removes the disability, and creates longevity for the knee as well as improving the way of moving and living for the individual. (
  • This technique utilized image-guided surgery to reduce a wide-field, time intensive procedure to a minimally-invasive procedure. (
  • Much more important is the fact that the radiation doses were clearly reduced from a median of 1091 mGy using the standard procedure versus 432 mGy in CT-based and 664 mGy in C-arm based guided surgery. (
  • The radiation doses at the C-arm tube (source) are reduced from a median of 1091 mGy in the standard procedure versus 432 mGy in CT-based and 664 mGy in C-arm based guided surgery. (
  • To achieve high-fidelity with such a computer-assisted training system, the input device also provides the sensations experienced during a procedure with force reflective technology, often referred to as haptics. (
  • Computer-assisted total knee replacement is a procedure that ensures a higher level of precision with bone cuts during the knee replacement procedure. (
  • CHILDREN AND METHODS: Computer-assisted retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy was undertaken in ten consecutive children, mean age at the time of surgery 6.4 (SD ± 4.5) years, and compared with a retrospectively collected control group of all other children, mean age 3.9 (SD ± 4.6) years, who underwent the same procedure by conventional open surgery between the years 2005 and 2009. (
  • CONCLUSION: Computer-assisted retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy is a safe, feasible and effective procedure in children. (
  • Patient-matched instrumentation may also be used before surgery where software is used to plan the entire procedure to help ensure that the process goes smoothly. (
  • This computer assisted procedure has become an ideal solution to the drawbacks of traditional surgery including pain, scarring, blood loss etc. (
  • Computer assisted surgeries reduces the difficulties and risks associated with the surgical procedure as it creates a virtual 3D model of the operative field that allows a more accurate preoperative diagnostics. (
  • High quality diagnostic image is the main prerequisite for appropriate utilization of computer systems during the preparation, performance and analysis of an operative procedure. (
  • Computer-assisted sinus surgery is a modern, minimally-invasive procedure used to treat sinus disease. (
  • Computer-assisted sinus surgery is a modern, minimally invasive procedure that avoids external incisions and has helped revolutionize the management of sinus disease. (
  • Patients who are not fit enough to undergo a traditional surgery can opt for this minimally invasive computer-assisted brain procedure. (
  • Computer assisted spine surgery has become a much more standard procedure in the last several years due to the advancements in both computer and laser technology. (
  • Additionally, depending on the procedure, computer assisted spine surgery may be performed on an outpatient basis, reducing the time spent recovering in a hospital bed. (
  • Iliopsoas tendon release surgery and capsular release surgery are considered integral to the primary procedure and not separately reimbursable. (
  • Just like the previous one, this too isn't a method of surgery, but again it is an approach and a procedure that is later followed and is regarded as one of the newest methods to knee replacement. (
  • The first surgical procedure assisted a robotic system was developed for percutaneous discectomy. (
  • Computer-assisted total knee replacement is a procedure that utilizes sophisticated computer imaging to assure the highest level of precision during the knee replacement procedure. (
  • The sophisticated software system used during surgery measures the position of your bones and the surgeon's instruments in relation to each other simultaneously at all times throughout the procedure. (
  • With the traditional (non-computer-assisted) knee replacement procedure, previously placed hardware frequently requires removal prior to performing the knee replacement. (
  • The global market for medical robotics and computer-assisted surgical (MRCAS) equipment was worth nearly $2 billion in 2010. (
  • These computers, electronic equipment, and instruments are referred to collectively as medical robotics and computer-assisted surgery (MRCAS) or, more dramatically, "the operating room of the future. (
  • The first day of the Workshop consisted mainly presentations and discussions in the broad areas of future evolution of medical robotics, costs, current situation of robotics in thoracic surgery , and research perspectives in robotic thoracic surgery . (
  • A recent paper on this topic was published in the International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery (IJMRCAS). (
  • In addition to the standard diagnostic work-up, 248 (44.4%) patients underwent multispiral computed tomography (MSCT) for 3D modeling and virtual surgery using the 3D modeling program Amira. (
  • Relying exclusively on navigation from BrainLAB, the market and technology leader for computer assisted surgery, Smith & Nephew can focus more of our resources on our core business - the design, development, marketing and sale of orthopaedic implants," says Joseph DeVivo, president of Smith & Nephew Orthopaedics. (
  • Orthopaedics manufacturer Stryker Corp. hopes to change how hip fractures are treated, with its new computer assisted surgery system, Stryker ADAPT for the Gamma3 Locking Nail System. (
  • In general, minimally invasive surgery in orthopaedics can offer a lot of benefits to the patient in comparison with conventional approach: shorter incisions, less pain in rehabilitation, less disruption of normal anatomic structures, and consequently less trauma to the surrounding tissue, and shorter hospitalization. (
  • Methods: By employing a Markov model, we analysed the cost effectiveness of computer assisted surgery versus conventional arthroplasty with respect to implant survival and operation volume in two theoretical Norwegian age cohorts. (
  • Reconstructive knee surgery, whether unicompartmental (UKA), multicompartmental (MCKA), or total knee arthroplasty (TKA), is commonly performed on patients with end-stage osteoarthritis of the knee. (
  • What to Expect in Short-term Outcomes of "Challenging" Patients with Computer-Assisted Total Knee Arthroplasty? (
  • This retrospective study evaluated the effect of surgical computer-assisted navigation in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis gap arthroplasty. (
  • This retrospective study evaluated the effect of computer-assisted navigation in TMJ ankylosis gap arthroplasty. (
  • The computer and robot assisted protocol for total knee arthroplasty (see the document Robot assisted TKR ) is historically the most important subject our lab has worked on. (
  • Manipulation under Anesthesia is a technique for treating stiffness and poor range of motion following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or knee revision surgery. (
  • WEDNESDAY, Feb. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) - Implementation of a novel enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol can reduce patien. (
  • [2] This technique has not been approved for cancer surgery as of 2019 with concerns that it may worsen rather than improve outcomes. (
  • Does Computer-Assisted Spine Surgery Reduce Intraoperative Radiation Doses? (
  • Most hospitals require an abdominal CT scan to be Surface acquisition of the intraoperative scene has been acquired before surgery for laparoscopic liver interventions. (
  • Intraoperative use of computer generated operative field 3D-model has not been widely adopted to date. (
  • The intraoperative use of computer in real time requires development of appropriate hardware and software to connect medical instrumentarium with the computer, and to operate the computer by thus connected instrumentarium and sophisticated multimedia interfaces. (
  • Assisted by a computer navigation system, one can achieve accurate real-time intraoperative positioning, and accurately transfer the preoperative design to the actual operation. (
  • This is undoubtedly highly suitable for intraoperative real-time positioning in TMJ ankylosis surgery, as it allows the relationships with the surrounding tissues to be seen. (
  • The system includes three main phases which have been optimized in specific studies: computer assisted planning (see the document Planning ), intraoperative registration (see the document Registration ) and computer assisted execution. (
  • This is called robot-assisted surgery and the Cochrane Review of its use in gynaecological surgery was updated in October 2018. (
  • Robot-assisted surgery is used in several countries for gynaecological surgery, particularly for removing the uterus, known as a hysterectomy, and also for other procedures including removal of uterine fibroids, restoring fertility, and repairing vaginal vault prolapse. (
  • However, robot-assisted surgery is controversial because of the significant commercial interests involved and because the potential benefits and harms over standard surgical approaches have not been clearly established. (
  • Eight studies compared robot-assisted surgery with conventional surgical approaches for hysterectomy, three looked at sacrocolpopexy and the last examined surgical treatment for endometriosis. (
  • With regard to operating time, robot-assisted surgery for sacrocolpopexy might be associated with longer operations than conventional surgery, but the duration of hospital stay was similar for the two procedures. (
  • GMS Current Topics in Computer and Robot Assisted Surgery' ist eine j hrlich erscheinende Zeitschrift der Deutschen Gesellschaft f r Computer- und Roboterassistierte Chirurgie ( GMS CURAC ). (
  • Computer-assisted surgery (CAS) represents a surgical concept and set of methods, that use computer technology for surgical planning, and for guiding or performing surgical interventions. (
  • This book constitutes the proceedings of the Third International Conference on Information Processing in Computer-Assisted Interventions IPCAI 2012, held in Pisa, Italy, on June 27, 2012. (
  • The main technological focus is on patient-specific modeling and its use in interventions, image-guided and robotic surgery, real-time tracking and imaging. (
  • CASSPAR, an EPSRC (Engineering and Physics Sciences Research Council) funded project (10/2002-03/2006) in collaboration with the Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering at University College London (UCL), aimed to combine computer graphics, computer vision and virtual reality technology to surgical interventions. (
  • The main goal in computer assisted surgery is to improve the accuracy, quality, safety and predictability of surgical interventions by exploiting hi-tech devices and by designing new surgical equipment and methodologies for better and better outcomes. (
  • While total hip replacement is the most common hip surgery, there are a number of other surgical interventions such as hip resurfacing and partial hip replacement to relieve hip pain of various geneses. (
  • The aim of the study was to quantify the radiation doses during spine surgery in different types of computer-assisted surgical procedures (i.e., computerized tomography [CT] based and C-arm) compared to standard methods and, as a new technique, the Iso-C3D C-arm (Siemens, GER). (
  • A total of 38 individuals were enrolled in the study, including 8 who underwent standard spine surgery, 10 with CT-based, 9 with C-arm based, and 11 with Iso-C3D C-arm based. (
  • Despite the small number of patients, the existing results up until now showed a clear reduction of the duration of radiation time using CAS compared to standard methods in spine surgery. (
  • Comparing the different types of CAS application at the spine, the Iso-C3D C-arm based surgery is the method with the lowest duration of radiation. (
  • Buck's technique, Computer-assisted minimally invasive spine surgery (CAMISS), Spondylolysis. (
  • On this basis, the Computer-Assisted Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (CAMISS) technique combines the advantages of navigation technology and minimal invasiveness, making surgery less injurious and more accurate, thereby accelerating postoperative recovery. (
  • We perform surgery in the only hospital in the West Coast which has both the Globus Robot and the 7D Navigation System for spine surgery. (
  • At ONE® Brain & Spine Center®, we use computer assisted spine surgery in treating various spine conditions. (
  • Computer assisted spine surgery is the ultimate champion in minimally invasive procedures due to the fact that surgeries can be quicker and more precise, offering reduced healing and recovery times, and far less postoperative pain. (
  • Standard, traditional spine surgery typically requires a large incision, cutting through muscle and tissue, along with a higher risk of bleeding, scarring, and internal scar tissue. (
  • Computer assisted spine surgery uses the StealthStation® Navigation System in conjunction with the O-arm® Surgical Imaging System during surgical procedures to create 2-D and 3-D images. (
  • One group received computer-assisted spine surgery (CAS) with Medtronic's O-arm TM imaging device and StealthStation TM navigation system, while a control group received surgery with conventional fluoroscopy using the Philips C-arm device. (
  • In: Tamaki N., Ehara K. (eds) Computer-Assisted Neurosurgery. (
  • The application areas are mainly neurosurgery and orthopedics, but also Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) and trauma surgery. (
  • The transfer of established computer assisted approaches from neurosurgery or orthopedics to other surgical disciplines like visceral surgery is still at the beginning. (
  • Current projects include active handheld tools to cancel the surgeon's hand tremor during microsurgery (Micron), novel instrumentation for minimally invasive heart surgery (HeartLander), and an innovative technique for steering of flexible needles for neurosurgery using duty-cycled rotation. (
  • The major goals of this project were to demonstrate the feasibility of otologic surgery via construction of a novel fiducial system and demonstration of sub-millimeter accuracy. (
  • 4. The model generator system according to claim 1, wherein the object is a bone element and the model generator system is used in computer-assisted surgery. (
  • Discussion includes characteristics of the upgraded system, a process-tracing technique to examine the complex physician-computer interaction, and the problems that developed while in use. (
  • Computer-assisted endomicroscopic surgery was performed using the "navigated endomicroscope," consisting of a lenscope, a neuronavigation system, and a mechanical holding system. (
  • For the generation of this model, the anatomical region to be operated has to be scanned and uploaded into the computer system. (
  • Laboratory Unit for Computer Assisted Surgery is a system used for virtual surgical planning. (
  • What Makes up a Computer Assisted Surgery System? (
  • Finally, the topics discussed in this work are applied to the development of a computer-assisted training system for Interventional Radiology. (
  • The In vitro experimental study on five cadaveric equine limb pairs (n=10) was conducted to evaluate the functionality and precision of the VetGate Computer Assisted Surgery (CAS) system during insertion of two 4.5mm cortex screws across virtual midsagittal fractures of the distal phalanx (P3) in the horse and to compare the results with those achieved with the SurgiGate 1.0 CAS-System in a similar study. (
  • This approach will lead to a more usable and intuitive image-guidance system for laparoscopic liver surgery. (
  • Combined with the compact suspension system, ZEISS OPMI Lumera i is a good fit for smaller operating rooms, such as those in ambulatory surgery centers. (
  • Although CAS increases accuracy during surgery, there is still the possibility of errors such as those in the computer and tracking system when placing markers. (
  • The basic requirement resulting from the above mentioned needs refers to the use of a computer system for visualization of anatomic 3D-structures and integral operative field to be operated on. (
  • Development of a system for data exchange between multiple medical diagnostic devices as well as between diagnostic devices and computer networks has led to the establishment of DICOM standards describing the forms and modes of data exchange (DICOM = Digital Imaging and Communication in Medicine). (
  • Neither it is possible to subsequently modify the level setting and window width to be observed on the images that have already been stored in the computer system. (
  • The system also helps in deciding the size of the implant and later during surgery helps to position the implant at its correct location. (
  • Over last decade, extensive research has led to the development of 'Navigation' system for use in many surgical fields including Joint Replacement Surgery. (
  • Stryker ADAPT uses the company's proprietary computer guidance system, Adaptive Positioning Technology, to identify the correct location in each individual. (
  • Computer-assisted microsurgery equipment, of the type including an articulated tool support, with one of the ends being integral with a fixed reference system Rc. (
  • The computer supplies a signal for displaying the position of the tool in the image reference system R i on a monitor and for controlling the position and shifting of said tool as a function of the control signals from the control unit. (
  • means for assisting in guiding a cutting jig into position within the joint based on the landmarks while showing the registered two dimensional image data in relation to the landmarks, wherein the position and the orientation of the cutting jig can be tracked by the surgical navigation system. (
  • 2. The system of claim 1 wherein the assisting means displays the position of the cutting jig on the display relative to the registered two dimensional image data. (
  • 3. The system of claim 1 wherein the assisting means also displays a modified image based on the registered two dimensional image data showing a resection plane of a bone within the joint. (
  • 8. The system of claim 1 wherein the assisting means also displays digitized landmarks along with the registered two dimensional image data. (
  • 10. The system of claim 1 wherein the assisting means also displays the varus/valgus data and the extension/flexion data. (
  • We have developed such a technique and have shown that it can restore the anatomical landmarks better than traditional techniques.9 Although a virtual surgery system for the shoulder has recently been reported,10 to the best of our knowledge, ours is the only computer-assisted technique for shoulder hemiarthroplasty to have been validated in vitro. (
  • EEG-Based Brain-Computer Interface System. (
  • For sacrocolpopexy, limited data from three studies suggest that, overall, there may be little or no difference in the rate of complications during the operation between robot-assisted and conventional surgery. (
  • However, low-certainty evidence from a single study suggests that post-operative complications might be higher with robot-assisted techniques. (
  • The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate our experience with CALS for performing retroperitoneal nephrectomies in children when compared with controls undergoing open surgery in terms of safety, operative time, blood loss, opoid requirements, the duration of hospital stay and complications. (
  • This improves the ergonomy in the operating theatre thereby reduces the risk of any complications during and after surgery to a great extent. (
  • Conventional Brain Surgery - Conventional brain surgery is slightly risky and is linked to serious postoperative complications. (
  • CAS is also known as computer-aided surgery, computer-assisted intervention, image-guided surgery, digital surgery and surgical navigation, but these are terms that are more or less synonymous with CAS. (
  • In computer-assisted surgery, the actual intervention is defined as surgical navigation. (
  • Computer-assisted brain surgery is an advanced medical intervention which can be used to treat brain tumors. (
  • The use of these tools in spinal surgery is rapidly expanding, even though the technology is still considered cutting edge. (
  • The Bombay Hospital has achieved a big milestone of having performed 100 computer assisted Total Knee Replacement (TKR) surgeries using Stryker's OrthoMap Articular Surface Mounted (ASM) Knee Navigation. (
  • Conclusions: The cost of using computer navigation for total knee replacements may be acceptable for 60-year-old as well as 75-year-old patients if the technique increases the implant survival rate just marginally, and the department has a high operation volume. (
  • Computer Navigation in Total Knee Replacement Surgery. (
  • Hays, Kansas - HaysMed has started performing total knee replacements in specific candidates with computer assisted navigation. (
  • The computer based surgery is an option for anyone needing total knee replacement surgery. (
  • A total knee replacement surgery is the last resort to relieve pain and restore function in knee damaged by arthritis or an injury when non-surgical treatments do not relieve the condition. (
  • The life of the implant can be extended by precise alignment of the implant and this can be achieved by the use of computer navigation for total knee replacement surgery. (
  • Quad-sparing total knee replacement is a minimally invasive surgery done through a small incision. (
  • There are two types of replacement surgeries: total knee replacement, the more commonly performed of the two, and partial knee replacement. (
  • The traditional method for repairing a damaged knee is a total knee replacement surgery (TKR). (
  • The total knee replacement is so improved now that it can function as a natural knee after the surgery is done and it can be customized enough even to work the way you want to and fits every kind of body type the way you want it to. (
  • A total knee replacement surgery replaces all three compartments of the diseased knee joint. (
  • The application of technologies such as surgical navigation and robotic surgery, medical imaging, surgical planning and stimulation in total or partial hip and knee reconstruction procedures is presented. (
  • Secondary aim was to compare the time with computer navigation technology. (
  • The navigation hip replacement surgery took mean 60 minutes in uncemented and 72minutes for cemented stems. (
  • This provides a digital map for the physician to follow during surgery, which is why it is sometimes called "surgical navigation. (
  • Most surgical navigation systems use a computer with the surgical navigation software, an infrared camera to navigate, and an array of instruments embedded with LEDs (light emitting diodes). (
  • A low volume department might not achieve cost-effectiveness unless computer navigation has a more significant impact on implant survival, thus may defer the investments until such data are available. (
  • Smith & Nephew will continue to support its base of existing computer-navigation customers who use its PiGALILEO and AchieveCAS? (
  • Computer Assisted Navigation Orthopedic Clinic at Wooridul Hospital has the most advanced medical technologies and equipments being able to provide optimal treatments for various surgical regions such as knee, hip, ankle, and others. (
  • The usefulness of accelerometer-based navigation systems in knee surgery has been shown in a study which also acknowledges the systems' accuracy and the significantly less blood loss involved in their use. (
  • This is also called computer navigation and mostly used in knee replacement or hip replacement surgeries. (
  • Since exact location and position is known with computer navigation smaller incisions are sufficient to complete the surgery successfully. (
  • Computer navigation technique is the latest revolution in orthopedic surgery. (
  • The life of the implant can be extended by precise alignment of the implant and this can be achieved by the use of computer navigation for total joint replacement surgery. (
  • At Memorial Hermann, patients have access to leading technologies in knee replacement , including robotic-arm assisted technology, Computer Assisted Navigation, and custom fit knee implants. (
  • The use of navigation technology in the field of Knee and Hip replacement surgery has further helped to improve the results of this already successful surgery. (
  • Computer guided navigation assistance further facilitates the minimally invasive surgery. (
  • Forty-seven patients (53 hips) with hip dysplasia were enrolled and underwent CPO with or without navigation during surgery. (
  • NeoGuide has developed a computer-controlled multi-segmented endoscope with the potential for improved navigation and stability during NOTES procedures. (
  • The specimens were randomised, so that one from each pair was repaired using the computer-assisted technique, whereas a traditional hemiarthroplasty without navigation was performed in the contralateral shoulder. (
  • Eighteen patients (25 sides) with bony ankylosis who underwent surgical treatment under computer-assisted navigation (navigation group) from May 2011 to April 2013 were assessed, along with 19 such patients (25 sides) treated without computer-assisted navigation (non-navigation group) from March 2009 to April 2011. (
  • The navigation group patients underwent surgery with the preservation of ≥3 mm bone thickness in the skull base and anterior wall of the external auditory canal. (
  • Computer-assisted navigation technologies are now used widely in the treatment of oral and maxillofacial diseases. (
  • The application of surgical navigation systems in TMJ ankylosis surgery has been reported widely and is advocated for its usefulness in improving the safety and accuracy of the operation. (
  • No data have been reported from studies assessing whether improvements are obtained postoperatively following the use of navigation surgery, in comparison with the traditional surgery. (
  • Our work includes the investigation of basic numerical procedures, biomedical data processing and modelling, design, validation and test of new devices for improved surgical treatment and the development of assisted techniques, using automatic systems, navigation systems or semiautomatic approaches. (
  • To solve these problems, we developed a new type of endoscopic surgery, computer-assisted endomicroscopic surgery. (
  • Extremely valuable information on anatomic relationships in particular regions while planning and performing endoscopic surgery is provided by high quality computer tomography (CT) diagnosis 1 (Fig. 1), thus contributing greatly to the safety of endoscopic surgery 2 . (
  • Objective: Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery has potential benefits for patients and clinicians. (
  • Much of the evidence remains low quality, and we cannot be sure whether there is a difference between robot-assisted and conventional laparoscopic, or keyhole, surgery in overall complication rates and other outcomes for the patients. (
  • Our expanded relationship with Smith & Nephew and their expertise in the development of high performance knee and hip implants strengthens our ability to provide smarter and more efficient computer-assisted surgery solutions that improve patient outcomes," says Marc Mackey, Global Product Line Director, BrainLAB Orthopedics. (
  • Rahmatnejad K, Pruzan NL, Amanullah S, Shaukat BA, Resende AF, Waisbourd M, Zhan T, Moster MR. Surgical Outcomes of Gonioscopy-assisted Transluminal Trabeculotomy (GATT) in Patients With Open-angle Glaucoma. (
  • The ebook Computer Assisted Musculoskeletal Surgery: Thinking and Executing in 3D Safe contribution analyzes the pergunta request to include from gravity division to incorporate day as an home over all outcomes. (
  • It will significantly raise the chances of successful outcomes following the surgery. (
  • Two studies did show that robot-assisted operations took about 40 minutes longer than conventional approaches, but hospital stays were slightly shorter. (
  • Finally, the one study of robot-assisted versus conventional surgery for endometriosis, was, once again, too small to show potential differences between these surgical approaches. (
  • In both traditional and computer-assisted approaches, the goal was to restore the following seven anatomical characteristics of the proximal humerus: version, inclination and offset of the humeral head, humeral length, position of the medial articulation point and positions of the greater and lesser tuberosities. (
  • Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) is a surgical technique that has a number of approaches and procedures that differentiate it from traditional hip replacement surgery. (
  • But there is also more than one way to go about performing a hip replacement surgery - known as different "approaches. (
  • The focus of the journal is on Research and Development of digital imaging methods and computer-assisted diagnostic and therapeutic workflows that match and enhance the skill levels of health care professionals. (
  • Computer-assisted knee replacement is one of the most technologically advanced methods of performing your knee replacement today. (
  • However, owing to dysplasia and the small size of isthmus, the conventional methods of screw implantation can easily lead to misplacement, screw loosening, screw breakage, or even irreversible damage to the nerve root during the surgery [ 16 ]. (
  • Best Hospitals India offers computer aided surgeries wide spread at a larger scale. (
  • first ever known surgery has been done in ancient India. (
  • Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. (
  • Thus, many recent developments in knee reconstructive surgery have focused on improvements in surgical technique. (
  • The International Journal for Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery (IJCARS) is a peer-reviewed journal that provides a platform for closing the gap between medical and technical disciplines, and encourages interdisciplinary research and development activities in an international environment. (
  • One goal of IJCARS is to provide information on new diagnostic and therapeutic processes which are facilitated by computer assisted radiology and surgery. (
  • In International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery, 0 (0) pp. 275-281. (
  • In International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery, 3 (6) pp. 511-524. (
  • Robotic-arm assisted technology partial knee replacement is the ideal solution for patients with arthritis in only one or two compartments of the knee. (
  • This is always used for the partial knee replacement surgery, and it is efficiently done only when some specific parts of the knee are infected and need to be replaced. (
  • Results: The added cost of computer assisted surgery, provided this has no impact on implant survival, is NOK 1037 and NOK 1414 respectively for 60 and 75-year-olds per quality-adjusted life year at a volume of 25 prostheses per year, and NOK 128 and NOK 175 respectively at a volume of 250 prostheses per year. (
  • Sensitivity analyses showed that the 10-year implant survival in cohort 1 needs to rise from 89.8% to 90.6% at 25 prostheses per year, and from 89.8 to 89.9% at 250 prostheses per year for computer assisted surgery to be considered cost effective. (
  • Implant fixation and proper alignment are most important phases of a knee surgery. (
  • Thus, the risk of need for revision surgery is high in young and active people if the implant has to last the lifetime of the patient. (
  • Robotic-assisted technology allows the physician to more closely match the implant to a patient's anatomy," says Dr. Chimenti, chairman of the department of Orthopedics at Memorial Hermann The Woodlands Hospital. (
  • In addition, implant loosening or failures can occur - especially if misalignment occurred between the implant and the bone during surgery or afterward. (
  • Knee replacement surgery involves replacing some or all of the components of the knee joint with a synthetic implant, to repair the damaged weight-bearing surfaces that are causing pain . (
  • In order to make an informed decision about knee replacement surgery, it may be beneficial to learn more about the various implant options and the surgery itself . (
  • Standardized knee replacement implants come close to fitting the knee sizes of many people however there is some evidence that if the fit is off by as little as 3mm there may be painful side effects that persist after the surgery recovery period.1 Two factors are attributed to improper fit of an implant. (
  • Background: The use of Computer Assisted Surgery (CAS) for knee replacements is intended to improve the alignment of knee prostheses in order to reduce the number of revision operations. (
  • As I said earlier too computerized knee replacements are improved more sophisticated version of traditional knee surgery. (
  • Does it mean Computer assisted knee replacements are better than traditional knee replacement surgery? (
  • Some of the doctors might not like it but it is a selling point for those who perform and market computer assisted knee replacements. (
  • Basic Overview - Knee replacements are surgeries that are generally performed when the person suffers from a specific medical condition called arthritis, or it can also be due to reasons like ligament tear, cartilage defects and major fractures in the area that call for the replacement. (
  • In Knee joint surgery your arthritic bone ends are replaced by prosthetic implants and then cemented with the knee bones by bone cements. (
  • By using the computer aided technic femoral bone indentation is avoided. (
  • Apart from improving the precision of bone cuts, the computer also helps in restoring the soft tissue balancing that is critical in getting the desired good results. (
  • Some hip fractures cannot be treated by stabilizing the femoral bone and require total hip replacement surgery. (
  • Regardless of the type of surgery selected, the first step in the surgical treatment of TMJ ankylosis is an extended resection of the ankylosed bone. (
  • During surgery, a tracker placed on the patient's bone sends data on the anatomical structure and joint movements to the computer. (
  • The computer analyzes the information and displays the bone as a 3D model with calculated key measurements. (
  • But this partial knee surgery is only applicable and suggested for individuals who have strong knee ligaments to withstand the surgery as only the infected part and the least part is replaced keeping most of the natural bone and ligaments and tissues in place for the rest of the bodily movements. (
  • Recommendations for patients who may seek to have robotically assisted surgery include asking about their surgeon's experience with these procedures and discussing benefits, risks, and alternatives regarding available treatment options with their health care provider. (
  • Dr Shah also said that many patients can go home within 48 hours after surgery and that the recovery period is also accelerated with this method. (
  • In our study, 23 patients with lumbar spondylolysis were managed with CAMISS-Buck surgery. (
  • Many patients from across Canada and all over the world choose Clearpoint Health for computer assisted sinus surgery (Bi-CASS). (
  • Patients who belong to the following category are considered to be good candidates for undergoing a computer-assisted brain surgery. (
  • Medical Conditions - Patients struggling with inoperable brain tumor condition are considered to be good candidates for undergoing computer-assisted brain surgery. (
  • Patients should look out for a qualified and highly experienced neurosurgeon who is well-versed in performing computer-assisted brain surgery. (
  • No Smoking - Patients who are chain smokers will need to give up smoking prior to the brain surgery. (
  • Patients can stand and walk from third day onwards after surgery and can be discharged from the hospital as early as fifth day after surgery. (
  • Most patients are able to bear weight on the leg a few days after the surgery. (
  • However, the surgeries still need to improve in terms of patient satisfaction, especially in the case of younger patients. (
  • The manufacturer points out that when the lag screw is not properly placed, patients may have to undergo revision surgeries, which can be even more painful than the original hip surgeries. (
  • The objective of this study is to investigate preoperative personalization of the computer model using magnetic resonance (MR). MR-angiography and MR-flow data were obtained for eight patients and eight volunteers. (
  • By performing the computer assisted surgery patients do not feel any types of uneasiness or uncomforting feeling after recovery. (
  • By using special probes attached on the body of the patients, they assist by tracking the correct placement by using a technology of using infrared rays. (
  • One can take the help of Dheeraj Bojwani consultancy so that they can get best possible help through medical tourism company so that patients can save money, get excellent treatment and sightseeing bonanza before surgery along with their family. (
  • Over the last few decades, bariatric procedures and weight loss surgery have emerged as a popular, fast, effective, cost-efficient, proven method to improve health for many patients. (
  • Given the marked variability in proximal humeral anatomy,7 there is no single position or orientation of the prosthesis that will replicate the normal anatomy in all patients.8 In view of these challenges using traditional surgical techniques, a more accurate reduction may be obtained using computer-assisted hemiarthroplasty techniques. (
  • All the patients will be selected from the Outpatient Clinic of the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department. (
  • [2] During the training phase, minimally invasive operations can take up to twice as long as traditional surgery, leading to operating room tie-ups and surgical staffs keeping patients under anesthesia for longer periods. (
  • Younger patients in particular can benefit from the precision alignment associated with computer-assisted knee replacement. (
  • In addition, patients with retained hardware from treatment of previous fractures of the leg can benefit greatly from computer-assisted knee replacement. (
  • Minimally invasive, or "keyhole" surgery is an alternative to traditional open-incision surgery in a growing number of procedures. (
  • This is typically useful in minimally invasive (aka keyhole) surgery where endoscopes inserted in the body show local images but their global position and orientation is uncertain. (
  • Before surgery begins doctor attaches probes to human knee joint which helps in more accurate positioning of knee prosthetic implants. (
  • Medical malpractice suits continue to be common in markets like the United States, so technologies that increase the precision and accuracy of surgery have obvious appeal. (
  • Designs and Particularity - Knee surgeries are complicated procedures and need to be completed and done with an equal amount of care and precision since the knee joins two of the longest and largest bones that provide the support to the entire body. (
  • This isn't a method of surgery but more like an approach, but this is used in the modern days a lot because of the reliability and the precision that this scientific approach gives. (
  • The book reflects the current state of the art in computer integrated surgery, with the emphasis on clinically tested systems and procedures. (
  • Populations are aging, increasing demand for a wide range of age-related surgical procedures such as heart and orthopedic surgery. (
  • Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. (
  • Computer-assisted surgery is just developing, and there is certainly not enough known about Computer Assisted Surgery to say that it will lead to better results than standard surgical procedures. (
  • Conclusions: The NeoGuide computer-assisted endoscope offers potentially significant benefits that may enable surgical procedures in anatomical areas that are difficult or impossible to access with current technologies. (
  • Commonly used for a variety of procedures that result in weight loss, bariatric surgeries can be done laparoscopically, via. (
  • Robotic surgery are types of surgical procedures that are done using robotic systems. (
  • Laparoscopic procedures are considered a form of minimally-invasive surgery. (
  • Computer assisted surgery also speeds up the recovery process thereby reduces the duration of hospital stay. (
  • A workshop of experts from France, Germany, Italy, and the United States took place at Humanitas Research Hospital Milan, Italy, on February 10 and 11, 2016, to examine techniques for and applications of robotic surgery to thoracic oncology. (
  • These types of surgeries are associated with shorter hospital stays than open surgery, as well as less postoperative pain and scarring and lower risks of infection and need for blood transfusion . (
  • Information technology plays a key role in an ever-widening range of human activities, including surgery. (
  • Some doctors advocate use of computers and information technology in the healthcare field where as some others still believe in old school human surgical skills rather than relying on computers. (
  • Surgeries involving this technology alleviates the pain and blood loss to a great extent. (
  • The most up-to-date and most groundbreaking technology in the medical field is CAS, Computer Assisted Surgery. (
  • The surgical concept involving the use of technology is known as computer Assisted Surgery. (
  • Usage of computer-assisted joint replacement technology has brought about a revolution in joint replacement surgery. (
  • Other work in the laboratory, in collaboration with the Department of Rehabilitation Science and Technology at the University of Pittsburgh, involves command input filtering in assistive computer interfaces for users with movement disorders such as pathological tremor or cerebral palsy. (
  • Dr. Randy Ellis (School of Computing) was named a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) for his significant contributions to the development of computer-assisted surgical technology. (
  • Why use computer-assisted technology for shoulder replacement surgery? (
  • In such cases revision surgery is the option for both patient and doctor. (
  • Although these failures are uncommon, and usually occur in the weeks following the original surgery, they would require a return to the operating room for a revision surgery. (
  • The image data taken from a patient will often include intentional landmark features, in order to be able to later realign the virtual dataset against the actual patient during surgery. (
  • Is the cost effectiveness of computer assisted surgery influenced by patient volume and age? (
  • Image guidance Minimally invasive surgery offers the patient major bene- aims to assist the clinicians in localising and tracking sub- fits over open surgery, including less trauma, less pain and surface structures such as abnormalities or major vessel trees. (
  • Click on the desired multimedia patient education videos to know more on various conditions and surgeries. (
  • This not only reduces the time of surgery but also helps in speed recovery of the patient. (
  • Neutral mechanical alignment is the main goal in every TKR: this can be achieved through different tools, such as extramedullary and intramedullary guides, patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) and computer-assisted surgery (CAS). (
  • It uses infrared camera, computer with sophisticated software to provide the real time, patient specific information during surgery while virtually eliminating expensive and radiation intensive CT and MRI scans before the surgery. (
  • In addition, robotic surgery has advantages for the patient. (
  • Robotic surgery has been criticized for its expense, with the average costs in 2007 ranging from $5,607 to $45,914 per patient. (
  • Any patient entertaining the idea of knee replacement surgery should seriously consider the benefits of computer-assisted surgery. (
  • It also eliminates the removal of most indwelling implants prior to a knee replacement surgery. (
  • Augmented reality (AR) surgery has not been successfully implemented in knee replacement surgery due to the negative effect of cutting errors. (
  • Computer assisted knee replacement surgery also known as CAS knee replacement is an advanced surgical technique for traditional knee replacement surgery. (
  • CAS has been shown to make it less likely that limb alignment problems will occur after knee replacement surgery, but the computer models do not eliminate the chance of these errors being made. (
  • ACL Sparing Knee Replacement® is the first and only knee replacement surgery available that allows for the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) to be preserved. (
  • Joint replacement surgery is a combination of mechanical engineering and surgical skills. (
  • The most important aspect of knee and hip joint replacement surgery is to accurately restore the mechanical alignment of the leg. (
  • Most of the development in the field of joint replacement surgery today is in what is called as 'minimally invasive surgery' (MIS). (
  • Knee replacement surgery is not uncommon. (
  • When your knee doesn't respond to medications and treatments, knee replacement surgery is an option. (
  • Shoulder replacement surgery can be an excellent option when non-operative or minimally invasive treatment options are no longer effective. (
  • Overall, there are two main benefits to be gained from knee replacement surgery: (1) elimination of pain and (2) improved range of motion. (
  • Not only can knee replacement surgery potentially eliminate the pain caused by knee arthritis, it should correct or improve a crooked knee deformity as well. (
  • In order to understand hip replacement it helps to first understand the hip joint itself, the types of hip replacement surgery, and a little about the hip replacement implants for each type of hip replacement. (
  • The mode of computer visualization of anatomic structures of the human body used to date could only provide diagnostic information and possibly assist in the preoperative preparation. (
  • Visualization of the image on the diagnostic device monitor was of a considerably higher quality, thus it was quite naturally used for record receipt and storage in computer media. (
  • These techniques, referred to as minimally invasive surgery (MIS), involve complex instruments and imaging devices to reach and treat anatomical regions through small incisions or natural entry points resulting in reduced trauma and shorter recovery time. (
  • Another example of surgical advancement is MIS knee replacement (Minimally invasive surgery). (
  • Exact and precise angle enables minimally invasive surgery. (
  • But in minimally invasive surgery using "Arthroscopy,"it is possible to perform the surgical operation without skin and muscle incision. (
  • Computer Assisted surgery is a break through in the medical field as the scope for invasive surgery reduces to bare minimum. (
  • Major advances aided by surgical robots have been remote surgery , minimally invasive surgery and unmanned surgery. (
  • The computer helps determine the precise angle of cuts that need to be made, the size and shape of the implants needed, and the proper alignment of the implants. (
  • Conventional neuroendoscopic surgery using a stereotaxic frame has two important problems: difficulty of holding the lenscope and loss of orientation. (
  • For hysterectomies, when robot-assisted and conventional laparascopic surgery were compared, we could not be sure whether there was a difference in complication rates during or after the operation, for either benign disease or cancer. (
  • In conventional joint surgery, it was necessary to incise the skin first and then muscles. (