Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Biology: One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.Problem-Based Learning: Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Models, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Maze Learning: Learning the correct route through a maze to obtain reinforcement. It is used for human or animal populations. (Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 6th ed)Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Discrimination Learning: Learning that is manifested in the ability to respond differentially to various stimuli.Avoidance Learning: A response to a cue that is instrumental in avoiding a noxious experience.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Verbal Learning: Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.Reversal Learning: Any situation where an animal or human is trained to respond differentially to two stimuli (e.g., approach and avoidance) under reward and punishment conditions and subsequently trained under reversed reward values (i.e., the approach which was previously rewarded is punished and vice versa).Serial Learning: Learning to make a series of responses in exact order.Memory: Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.Probability Learning: Usually refers to the use of mathematical models in the prediction of learning to perform tasks based on the theory of probability applied to responses; it may also refer to the frequency of occurrence of the responses observed in the particular study.Conditioning, Classical: Learning that takes place when a conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus.Artificial Intelligence: Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.Motor Skills: Performance of complex motor acts.Neuronal Plasticity: The capacity of the NERVOUS SYSTEM to change its reactivity as the result of successive activations.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Conditioning (Psychology): A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Transfer (Psychology): Change in learning in one situation due to prior learning in another situation. The transfer can be positive (with second learning improved by first) or negative (where the reverse holds).Retention (Psychology): The persistence to perform a learned behavior (facts or experiences) after an interval has elapsed in which there has been no performance or practice of the behavior.Spatial Behavior: Reactions of an individual or groups of individuals with relation to the immediate surrounding area including the animate or inanimate objects within that area.Hippocampus: A curved elevation of GRAY MATTER extending the entire length of the floor of the TEMPORAL HORN of the LATERAL VENTRICLE (see also TEMPORAL LOBE). The hippocampus proper, subiculum, and DENTATE GYRUS constitute the hippocampal formation. Sometimes authors include the ENTORHINAL CORTEX in the hippocampal formation.Practice (Psychology): Performance of an act one or more times, with a view to its fixation or improvement; any performance of an act or behavior that leads to learning.Fear: The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Education, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Paired-Associate Learning: Learning in which the subject must respond with one word or syllable when presented with another word or syllable.Feedback, Psychological: A mechanism of information stimulus and response that may control subsequent behavior, cognition, perception, or performance. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Memory Disorders: Disturbances in registering an impression, in the retention of an acquired impression, or in the recall of an impression. Memory impairments are associated with DEMENTIA; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ENCEPHALITIS; ALCOHOLISM (see also ALCOHOL AMNESTIC DISORDER); SCHIZOPHRENIA; and other conditions.Reward: An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.Education, Distance: Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)Reinforcement (Psychology): The strengthening of a conditioned response.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Long-Term Potentiation: A persistent increase in synaptic efficacy, usually induced by appropriate activation of the same synapses. The phenomenological properties of long-term potentiation suggest that it may be a cellular mechanism of learning and memory.Space Perception: The awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Generalization (Psychology): The phenomenon of an organism's responding to all situations similar to one in which it has been conditioned.Rats, Long-Evans: An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.Vocabulary: The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)Visual Perception: The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.Conditioning, Operant: Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.Mental Recall: The process whereby a representation of past experience is elicited.Smell: The ability to detect scents or odors, such as the function of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS.Odors: The volatile portions of substances perceptible by the sense of smell. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Models, Neurological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Amygdala: Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.Conditioning, Eyelid: Reflex closure of the eyelid occurring as a result of classical conditioning.Vocalization, Animal: Sounds used in animal communication.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Language Development: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.Problem Solving: A learning situation involving more than one alternative from which a selection is made in order to attain a specific goal.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Extinction, Psychological: The procedure of presenting the conditioned stimulus without REINFORCEMENT to an organism previously conditioned. It refers also to the diminution of a conditioned response resulting from this procedure.Education, Pharmacy: Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.Task Performance and Analysis: The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.Concept Formation: A cognitive process involving the formation of ideas generalized from the knowledge of qualities, aspects, and relations of objects.Neural Networks (Computer): A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Students, Pharmacy: Individuals enrolled in a school of pharmacy or a formal educational program leading to a degree in pharmacy.Memory, Long-Term: Remembrance of information from 3 or more years previously.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Discrimination (Psychology): Differential response to different stimuli.Exploratory Behavior: The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.Acoustic Stimulation: Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.Programmed Instruction as Topic: Instruction in which learners progress at their own rate using workbooks, textbooks, or electromechanical devices that provide information in discrete steps, test learning at each step, and provide immediate feedback about achievement. (ERIC, Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1996).Habituation, Psychophysiologic: The disappearance of responsiveness to a repeated stimulation. It does not include drug habituation.Pattern Recognition, Visual: Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.Attention: Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.Choice Behavior: The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.Electroshock: Induction of a stress reaction in experimental subjects by means of an electrical shock; applies to either convulsive or non-convulsive states.Imitative Behavior: The mimicking of the behavior of one individual by another.Memory, Short-Term: Remembrance of information for a few seconds to hours.Appetitive Behavior: Animal searching behavior. The variable introductory phase of an instinctive behavior pattern or sequence, e.g., looking for food, or sequential courtship patterns prior to mating.Knowledge of Results (Psychology): A principle that learning is facilitated when the learner receives immediate evaluation of learning performance. The concept also hypothesizes that learning is facilitated when the learner is promptly informed whether a response is correct, and, if incorrect, of the direction of error.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Group Processes: The procedures through which a group approaches, attacks, and solves a common problem.Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Neural Pathways: Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.Teaching Materials: Instructional materials used in teaching.Nerve Net: A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Thinking: Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.Mushroom Bodies: Prominent lobed neuropils found in ANNELIDA and all ARTHROPODS except crustaceans. They are thought to be involved in olfactory learning and memory.Education, Medical, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Prefrontal Cortex: The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.Amnesia: Pathologic partial or complete loss of the ability to recall past experiences (AMNESIA, RETROGRADE) or to form new memories (AMNESIA, ANTEROGRADE). This condition may be of organic or psychologic origin. Organic forms of amnesia are usually associated with dysfunction of the DIENCEPHALON or HIPPOCAMPUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp426-7)Songbirds: PASSERIFORMES of the suborder, Oscines, in which the flexor tendons of the toes are separate, and the lower syrinx has 4 to 9 pairs of tensor muscles inserted at both ends of the tracheal half rings. They include many commonly recognized birds such as CROWS; FINCHES; robins; SPARROWS; and SWALLOWS.Synapses: Specialized junctions at which a neuron communicates with a target cell. At classical synapses, a neuron's presynaptic terminal releases a chemical transmitter stored in synaptic vesicles which diffuses across a narrow synaptic cleft and activates receptors on the postsynaptic membrane of the target cell. The target may be a dendrite, cell body, or axon of another neuron, or a specialized region of a muscle or secretory cell. Neurons may also communicate via direct electrical coupling with ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES. Several other non-synaptic chemical or electric signal transmitting processes occur via extracellular mediated interactions.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Bees: Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.Corpus Striatum: Striped GRAY MATTER and WHITE MATTER consisting of the NEOSTRIATUM and paleostriatum (GLOBUS PALLIDUS). It is located in front of and lateral to the THALAMUS in each cerebral hemisphere. The gray substance is made up of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and the lentiform nucleus (the latter consisting of the GLOBUS PALLIDUS and PUTAMEN). The WHITE MATTER is the INTERNAL CAPSULE.Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.Knowledge: The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.Basal Ganglia: Large subcortical nuclear masses derived from the telencephalon and located in the basal regions of the cerebral hemispheres.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Finches: Common name for small PASSERIFORMES in the family Fringillidae. They have a short stout bill (BEAK) adapted for crushing SEEDS. Some species of Old World finches are called CANARIES.Orientation: Awareness of oneself in relation to time, place and person.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Phonetics: The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Auditory Perception: The process whereby auditory stimuli are selected, organized, and interpreted by the organism.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Support Vector Machines: Learning algorithms which are a set of related supervised computer learning methods that analyze data and recognize patterns, and used for classification and regression analysis.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Perception: The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.Pattern Recognition, Automated: In INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, machine-sensing or identification of visible patterns (shapes, forms, and configurations). (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Frontal Lobe: The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate: A class of ionotropic glutamate receptors characterized by affinity for N-methyl-D-aspartate. NMDA receptors have an allosteric binding site for glycine which must be occupied for the channel to open efficiently and a site within the channel itself to which magnesium ions bind in a voltage-dependent manner. The positive voltage dependence of channel conductance and the high permeability of the conducting channel to calcium ions (as well as to monovalent cations) are important in excitotoxicity and neuronal plasticity.Cerebral Cortex: The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.Competency-Based Education: Educational programs designed to ensure that students attain prespecified levels of competence in a given field or training activity. Emphasis is on achievement or specified objectives.Education, Medical, Graduate: Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Clinical Clerkship: Undergraduate education programs for second- , third- , and fourth-year students in health sciences in which the students receive clinical training and experience in teaching hospitals or affiliated health centers.Cerebellum: The part of brain that lies behind the BRAIN STEM in the posterior base of skull (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR). It is also known as the "little brain" with convolutions similar to those of CEREBRAL CORTEX, inner white matter, and deep cerebellar nuclei. Its function is to coordinate voluntary movements, maintain balance, and learn motor skills.Blinking: Brief closing of the eyelids by involuntary normal periodic closing, as a protective measure, or by voluntary action.Behavior: The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.Synaptic Transmission: The communication from a NEURON to a target (neuron, muscle, or secretory cell) across a SYNAPSE. In chemical synaptic transmission, the presynaptic neuron releases a NEUROTRANSMITTER that diffuses across the synaptic cleft and binds to specific synaptic receptors, activating them. The activated receptors modulate specific ion channels and/or second-messenger systems in the postsynaptic cell. In electrical synaptic transmission, electrical signals are communicated as an ionic current flow across ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Imprinting (Psychology): A particular kind of learning characterized by occurrence in very early life, rapidity of acquisition, and relative insusceptibility to forgetting or extinction. Imprinted behavior includes most (or all) behavior commonly called instinctive, but imprinting is used purely descriptively.Olfactory Pathways: Set of nerve fibers conducting impulses from olfactory receptors to the cerebral cortex. It includes the OLFACTORY NERVE; OLFACTORY BULB; OLFACTORY TRACT; OLFACTORY TUBERCLE; ANTERIOR PERFORATED SUBSTANCE; and OLFACTORY CORTEX.Pattern Recognition, Physiological: The analysis of a critical number of sensory stimuli or facts (the pattern) by physiological processes such as vision (PATTERN RECOGNITION, VISUAL), touch, or hearing.Comprehension: The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Self-Evaluation Programs: Educational programs structured in such a manner that the participating professionals, physicians, or students develop an increased awareness of their performance, usually on the basis of self-evaluation questionnaires.Linguistics: The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Education, Nursing: Use for general articles concerning nursing education.Speech Perception: The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).Motor Cortex: Area of the FRONTAL LOBE concerned with primary motor control located in the dorsal PRECENTRAL GYRUS immediately anterior to the central sulcus. It is comprised of three areas: the primary motor cortex located on the anterior paracentral lobule on the medial surface of the brain; the premotor cortex located anterior to the primary motor cortex; and the supplementary motor area located on the midline surface of the hemisphere anterior to the primary motor cortex.Long-Term Synaptic Depression: A persistent activity-dependent decrease in synaptic efficacy between NEURONS. It typically occurs following repeated low-frequency afferent stimulation, but it can be induced by other methods. Long-term depression appears to play a role in MEMORY.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Histology: The study of the structure of various TISSUES of organisms on a microscopic level.Functional Laterality: Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.Scopolamine Hydrobromide: An alkaloid from SOLANACEAE, especially DATURA and SCOPOLIA. Scopolamine and its quaternary derivatives act as antimuscarinics like ATROPINE, but may have more central nervous system effects. Among the many uses are as an anesthetic premedication, in URINARY INCONTINENCE, in MOTION SICKNESS, as an antispasmodic, and as a mydriatic and cycloplegic.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Taste: The ability to detect chemicals through gustatory receptors in the mouth, including those on the TONGUE; the PALATE; the PHARYNX; and the EPIGLOTTIS.Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Speech: Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.Habits: Acquired or learned responses which are regularly manifested.Robotics: The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.Multimedia: Materials, frequently computer applications, that combine some or all of text, sound, graphics, animation, and video into integrated packages. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)Goals: The end-result or objective, which may be specified or required in advance.Rotarod Performance Test: A performance test based on forced MOTOR ACTIVITY on a rotating rod, usually by a rodent. Parameters include the riding time (seconds) or endurance. Test is used to evaluate balance and coordination of the subjects, particular in experimental animal models for neurological disorders and drug effects.Education, Professional: Formal education and training in preparation for the practice of a profession.Preceptorship: Practical experience in medical and health-related services that occurs as part of an educational program wherein the professionally-trained student works outside the academic environment under the supervision of an established professional in the particular field.ReadingFeeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Mice, Inbred C57BLEscape Reaction: Innate response elicited by sensory stimuli associated with a threatening situation, or actual confrontation with an enemy.Neostriatum: The phylogenetically newer part of the CORPUS STRIATUM consisting of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and PUTAMEN. It is often called simply the striatum.Computational Biology: A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Dendritic Spines: Spiny processes on DENDRITES, each of which receives excitatory input from one nerve ending (NERVE ENDINGS). They are commonly found on PURKINJE CELLS and PYRAMIDAL CELLS.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.Semantics: The relationships between symbols and their meanings.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Child Language: The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Dyslexia: A cognitive disorder characterized by an impaired ability to comprehend written and printed words or phrases despite intact vision. This condition may be developmental or acquired. Developmental dyslexia is marked by reading achievement that falls substantially below that expected given the individual's chronological age, measured intelligence, and age-appropriate education. The disturbance in reading significantly interferes with academic achievement or with activities of daily living that require reading skills. (From DSM-IV)CA1 Region, Hippocampal: One of four subsections of the hippocampus described by Lorente de No, located furthest from the DENTATE GYRUS.Dentate Gyrus: GRAY MATTER situated above the GYRUS HIPPOCAMPI. It is composed of three layers. The molecular layer is continuous with the HIPPOCAMPUS in the hippocampal fissure. The granular layer consists of closely arranged spherical or oval neurons, called GRANULE CELLS, whose AXONS pass through the polymorphic layer ending on the DENDRITES of PYRAMIDAL CELLS in the hippocampus.Set (Psychology): Readiness to think or respond in a predetermined way when confronted with a problem or stimulus situation.Psychology, Educational: The branch of psychology concerned with psychological aspects of teaching and the formal learning process in school.Faculty, Medical: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.Online Systems: Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)Olfactory Perception: The process by which the nature and meaning of olfactory stimuli, such as odors, are recognized and interpreted by the brain.Professional Competence: The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.Cultural Evolution: The continuous developmental process of a culture from simple to complex forms and from homogeneous to heterogeneous qualities.Swimming: An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.Sensory Thresholds: The minimum amount of stimulus energy necessary to elicit a sensory response.Judgment: The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.Dopamine: One of the catecholamine NEUROTRANSMITTERS in the brain. It is derived from TYROSINE and is the precursor to NOREPINEPHRINE and EPINEPHRINE. Dopamine is a major transmitter in the extrapyramidal system of the brain, and important in regulating movement. A family of receptors (RECEPTORS, DOPAMINE) mediate its action.Electric Stimulation: Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Mentors: Senior professionals who provide guidance, direction and support to those persons desirous of improvement in academic positions, administrative positions or other career development situations.Macaca mulatta: A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
The pedagogy is supported by social science research. The Outdoor School is a program for fourth and fifth grade students. ... Various teaching methods are used, including kinesthetic learning. Students are taught self-respect and respect of others, as ...
... upgrade classroom technology to support effective pedagogy; develop comprehensive online services and information to support ... The Higher Learning Commission, a commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools granted Kirtland ... On the main campus in Roscommon the rooms are being redesigned as "active learning classrooms", in which rows of desks or ... The grant identified Kirtland's need to expand online learning and outreach programs and services. Kirtland's Title III project ...
He is a co-author of the Supports Intensity Scales for Adults and Children of the American Association on Intellectual and ... ISBN 978-1-59385-460-7. Mithaug, D. E.; Mithaug, D.; Agran, M.; Martin, J.; Wehmeyer, M. L. (2007). Self-Instruction Pedagogy: ... How to Teach Self-Determined Learning. Charles C Thomas. ISBN 978-0-398-07723-5. Schalock, R.; Buntix, W.; Borthwick-Duffy, S ... "Intellectual Disability: Definition, Classification, and Systems of Supports (11th Edition)". American Association on ...
Paragon supports scholarship in all subject areas by emphasizing pedagogies such as inquiry-based learning. Paragon was ... Dawn D. Eidelman for "Outstanding Leadership by an Individual in the Field of Distance Learning" Award. Mosaica received the ... The company's educational assets were taken over by Pansophic Learning in 2015. No Mosaica-branded schools remain. Mosaica was ... Students attend classes and interact with peers and teachers through an online learning management system. In addition to ...
Also supported are the construction, maintenance, renovation, and improvement of instruction facilities. Funds support faculty ... The largest difference between Title III and the BEA is the change in pedagogy towards ESL education. Whereas the BEA ... encouraged bilingual and alternative language learning, Title III emphasizes the importance of English-language instruction and ... Projects may support the purchase of library materials as well as tutoring, counseling, and student service programs. Also ...
In addition, recent learning pedagogy recognizes the inclusion for students to be creators of knowledge through technology ( ... Teachers can use classroom assessment for learning to identify areas that might need increased focus and support. Students can ... In addition, recent learning pedagogy recognizes the inclusion for students to be creators of knowledge through technology ( ... The barrier to learning to read is the lack of textbooks and novels while the barrier to learning IML is the lack of technology ...
... and making sure that learning from reading is supported by other kinds of learning. In order to meet the conditions needed for ... A Rationale for Pedagogy, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-56764-0. ... Please help improve this article if you can. (October 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) ... Extensive reading, free reading, book flood, or reading for pleasure is a way of language learning, including foreign language ...
As part of BioScience Connecticut (see below), a new academic addition was built to support the pedagogy of team-based learning ... In 2016, a new curriculum, currently under development named M-DELTA (Making a Difference in Education, Learning and Teaching ... practice-based learning and improvement, interpersonal and communication skills, professionalism, and systems-based practice. ...
It supports different modes of learning, including collaborative and individual use, as well as blended learning as part of a ... Research questions included: What forms of stimulus and support are most effective in developing more interactive pedagogy? ... The resource supports interactive teaching and active, collaborative learning - generally, and through using mobile ... We developed a professional learning resource for teachers and student teachers, focussing on interactive teaching and learning ...
"Pedagogy, Andragogy, and Heutagogy". Risley, L.; McKee, S. "Andragogical Methods Applied to Adult Learning Environments: Adult ... and supporting (practice) lifelong education of adults. In the tradition of Malcolm Knowles, a specific theoretical and ... Adults will learn only what they feel they need to learn - Adults are practical in their approach to learning; they want to ... There are seven Principles of Adult Learning: Adults must want to learn - They learn effectively only when they are free to ...
On operations as Learning Development Officers. Supporting Short Term Training Teams abroad as the Education and Training ... appointments The Educational and Training Services Branch is a member of the International Association for Military Pedagogy ( ... Learning Development Officers (LDOs) in Army Education Centres (AECs) developing soldiers command, leadership and management ...
To date, research grants have been awarded in Pedagogy and Learning/Special Needs Education, Ageing, Palliative Care and Non- ... The beneficiaries include people with disabilities, those in need of psychological support, children with learning and ... pedagogy and learning, special needs education and non-medical bio-science. Its ethos is promoting research as an endeavour to ... It aims to develop talent and foster learning and growth, especially for youths to make the leap in areas such as music, arts, ...
... and making sure that learning from reading is supported by other kinds of learning. In order to meet the conditions needed for ... A Rationale for Pedagogy, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-56764-0 Laufer, B. (1997), "The lexical plight in second ... including foreign language learning, through large amounts of reading. As well as facilitating acquisition and learning of ... Extensive reading has been used and advocated in language learning since at least the 19th century (with Latin; see below). In ...
Its key elements are: access and participation; teachers; pedagogy; curriculum and learning assessment; textbooks and learning ... The Ministry of Education is responsible for making decisions about the education system with the support of three Centers: the ... problem solving or learning-by-doing; while the Madrasa offered a more modern educational pedagogy. The overall literacy rate ... So far efforts are underway with the support of multilateral organizations to make the general and vocational secondary system ...
The design by architect Beverly Willis created a customized program to fit the school's pedagogy and to support the ... AIA Committee on Architecture (2002). Educational Facilities- Exemplary Learning Environments. New York: American Institute of ... design approach to the MVA as a remedy to learning difficulties of high school students. Located on three floors of two ... assembly-line model of education with more active and personalized learning." The New York Times hailed the academy as having " ...
Humanitarian support. (letters) (Letter to the Editor) Mechanical Engineering-CIME. June 1, 2004 ENGINEERING'S SOFT SIDE by ... Convergence: Philosophies and Pedagogies for Developing the Next Generation of Humanitarian Engineers and Social Entrepreneurs ... Published by: International Journal for Service Learning in Engineering: Humanitarian Engineering and Social Entrepreneurship ( ... Engineers for Technical Humanitarian Opportunities for Service-Learning (ETHOS) The Ohio State University, Engineers for ...
Group Decision Support Systems (GDSS), Decision Support Systems (DSS), electronic meeting systems and a Team Learning System. ... Transforming pedagogies using collaborative tools. World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and ... Computer-supported collaboration Group dynamics Online learning Zing in schools A Dutch class at the Victorian School of ... Online learning predicates teamwork: Collaboration underscores student engagement. Studies in Learning, Evaluation, Innovation ...
Teachers from schools in close proximity are also required to meet regularly to "train, support and adapt learning materials". ... The active pedagogy in NEU schools contributed to emotional growth, participatory behavior, and group work. NEU teachers had ... These schemes were put in place in hope that girls will be motivated to learn and parents would be supportive of their academic ... "balance broad systemic improvements with specific classroom support, and institutionalisation of project activities into ...
... computer-supported, collaborative-learning, dynamic-geometry pedagogy based on design research. Written from 2010-2013, the ... The VMT Project was a paradigmatic example of computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL). It developed an online service ... This grant supported the implementation of a more robust version of VMT-with-GeoGebra, with Math Forum technical support mainly ... collaborative learning, research methods, theory of referential resources, pedagogy, curriculum and design-based research. ...
To support interoperability, OER Commons is an experimental node in the Learning Registry, a joint US Department of Education ... also explored OER as a vehicle for disseminating adaptable curricula that support learner-centric approaches to pedagogy. ... the site supports knowledge sharing and access to teaching and learning materials, strategies, and curricula online. Individual ... Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning, Vol. 26, Issue 1, 39. 2011. ISKME. Creating, Doing, and Sustaining ...
At KHE, he has spearheaded efforts to personalize degree programs and learning support systems, while strengthening their ... outcomes-based pedagogy at the program and course level. Smith is also developing new market positions and services for the ... Smith is responsible for identifying and impleneting measures to improve delivery of the school's learning and support services ... In post-election polls, 35 percent of those who voted for Sanders indicated Smith's support for an assault weapons ban that ...
... where the reconfigurable classroom design supports Enquiry Learning pedagogies. In the late 1980s under the 'District Provision ...
Centre for Teaching and Learning CTL at Yale-NUS College supports academic development in the distinctive pedagogy of liberal ... Efforts focus in many areas, but especially in team-based learning, student-centred learning, grading and assessment, effective ... which is the NUS academic development unit and in that capacity seeks to support teaching so as to improve student learning. ... development and application of digital and audio-visual technologies to support and enhance teaching and learning. This is done ...
34, issue 1. Available in PDF format at Cambridge: Language Teaching: Sample article and Learning and Teacher Support Centre: ... Norms and Goals for English as an International Language Pedagogy and Task Based Language Teaching and Learning.", The Asian ... It evolved from the idea of creating a type of English that can be learned more easily than regular British or American English ... Besides that, they also learned the numbers from 1 to 31 and vocabulary including things in their school bag and in their ...
... how the program creates and uses imaginative learning environments for teaching and learning in, through and about the arts; ... The predominant pedagogy for integrating the arts in core curriculum is Discipline-Based Arts Education. In addition to meeting ... The school's curriculum is supported by more than 70 fine arts courses. The staff and faculty at the Center for Creative Arts ... how the program provides opportunities for learning about other cultures through the arts; and how the program links arts ...
Love learning, which is the food of the mind; be as grateful to your teacher as to your parents. ... Kenneth Teitelbaum and William J. Reese, "American Socialist Pedagogy and Experimentation in the Progressive Era: The Socialist ... The female members of Branch 14 were instrumental in the financial support of the school, which over the next two years ...
FFF! Supporting Learning through Trauma Informed Pedagogy. This event occurred in the past ... FFF! Supporting Learning through Trauma Informed Pedagogy. This event occurred in the past ... When utilizing a trauma informed pedagogy faculty recognize trauma is present within learning communities, are mindful of ... Learning Communities. Clubs and Organizations. Dining. Health and Wellness. Related Links. Torero Athletics. Upcoming Events. ...
Learning environment. Curriculum and pedagogy Policy and expectations Partnerships Supporting documents Introduction It is the ... The Student learning and wellbeing framework (PDF, 534KB) (RTF, 130KB) supports state schools with creating positive school ... Curriculum and pedagogy Schools build the foundations for wellbeing and lifelong learning through curriculum embedding personal ... A positive learning environment supports students personal and social development and staff wellbeing. Schools provide rich ...
3.4 Is there any support for K-12 particularly using activities?. *4 Learning with Moodle - pedagogy *4.1 What is the best way ... However, in most cases Moodle is used to support and combine face-to-face interaction with e-learning, m-learning and other ... Learning with Moodle - pedagogy. What is the best way to use Moodle?. *There is no one best way to use Moodle. Use of Moodle ... Resources are items that a teacher can use to support learning, such as a file or a link. A standard Moodle comes with 6 ...
... culture and an inability of school curricula or teachers to integrate dictionary pedagogy in the everyday teaching and learning ... In contrast, the OXSD presents a real modern effort of providing support to learners in connection with the learning and use of ... A dictionary may then be studied from the point of language pedagogy, considering how it enhances language learning or how it ... Learning how to use a dictionary should go hand in hand with learning how to use other reference tools - from telephone ...
1. Support variety in good teaching, teachers, learning, learners.. 2. Match learners needs with teachers gifts and vice ... How can we increase the personalization of pedagogy when appropriate? [Without diminishing respect for de-personalized ... 1. Support variety in good teaching, teachers, learning, learners.. Not every pedagogical principle works for every teacher or ... Information technology can support many different kinds of learning and teaching.. 2. Match learners needs with teachers ...
... and community service learning.(Critical essay) by Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning; Education College faculty ... Philosophical Support for Service-Learning," Goodwin Liu (1995) proposes that we ground the pedagogy of service-learning in the ... As a result, pragmatism can support a pedagogy of community service learning only in those cases in which the members of the ... learning.-a0451940128. *APA style: Pragmatism, pedagogy, and community service learning.. (n.d.) >The Free Library. (2014). ...
To help families who are learning how to support their childrens distance learning while still dealing with many other ... Facebook group: Pandemic Pedagogy Facebook. This Facebook group offers educators and students a forum to share advice, whats ... The Monterey Bay Aquarium has curriculum, activities and games to learn more about science. There are some distance learning ... how to support English Language learners; and webinars about subjects like dealing with stress and preventing a learning slide ...
Introducing Culturally Relevant Teaching and Learning Pedagogy. Students from diverse backgrounds like indigenous, African and ... Support. Find support for a specific problem on the support section of our website. ... Canadian Council on Learning. Lessons in Learning. Post-Secondary Education in Canada: Who is Missing Out? Available online: ... Canadian Council on Learning. State of Learning in Canada: Toward a Learning Future. Available online: http://www.ccl-cca.ca/ ...
Cooperative Learning and Problem-Based Learning. Karl A. Smith Engineering Education - Purdue University Civil Engineering - ... Cooperative Learning Research Support Johnson, D.W., Johnson, R.T., & Smith, K.A. 1998. Cooperative learning returns to college ... Pedagogies of Engagement - Cooperative Learning and Problem-Based Learning - PowerPoint PPT Presentation. ... PowerPoint Slideshow about Pedagogies of Engagement - Cooperative Learning and Problem-Based Learning - tahmores-nay. ...
Get Smart Vlogging! Linking Technology and Pedagogy to Support Learning and Engagement The importance of technology in our life ... Its impact on education, however, remains limited because of a lack of tuning with pedagogy. This proposal aims at increasing ...
"Identifying the pitfalls for social interaction in computer-supported collaborative learning environments: a review of the ... Social learning (or social pedagogy) is learning that takes place at a wider scale than individual or group learning, up to a ... "Connectivist learning objects and learning styles." Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects, 9, 105+. ... a social learning network for international students and professionals Social learning tools Social skills Social pedagogy With ...
There are many interconnected aspects to supporting students through STEM programs from admission all the way to attaining ... Critical support may come from interactions in the classroom, in ... ... Active learning strategies that support all students success: Pedagogy in Action. *Just in time math tutorials in the context ... An awareness of the learning process can improve learning dramatically. Students benefit by learning about themselves, what ...
Find and learn about the best private schools in Canada. ... CFIS Student Services provides learning support for enrichment ... Dyslexia (Language-Based Learning Disability) This is a learning disability that can limit a childs ability to read and learn ... Forms of Support. Environments. Forms of Support. Environments. ADHD (moderate to severe) This is a neurodevelopmental disorder ... The schools learning strategist team helps students with both learning strategies and enrichment activities. ...
Its central theme is that students learn best when supported by active mentors. ... ... supporting student teacher learning in schools. [Anne Edwards; Jill Collison] -- This book will be of interest to anyone who ... 7. Pedagogy and initial teacher training --. 8. Mentoring and assessing --. 9. Mentors as researchers --. 10. Mentoring and ... Its central theme is that students learn best when supported by active mentors. Active mentors are learning teachers who are ...
... and supports excellence in teaching, with diverse technologies, at UVM. ... Encourage faculty to explore new pedagogy. *Develop institutional practices and policies that foster a culture of inclusion, ... Teaching Support and Observations. Teaching Support and Observations. Teaching Support:. The CTL works with faculty and ... Expand and emphasize student-centered learning environments. *Broaden the evaluation of teaching and the assessment of learning ...
Support Curriculum Development. *Stimulate and support research on learning.. *Promote development of exemplary materials and ... Support model assessment programs and practices.. *Effect broad dissemination of effective pedagogy and materials. ... Support an increase in diversity, size, and quality of the next generation of STEM professionals who enter the workforce with ... These programs encompass most of the activities supported by the Division; however, additional ideas and mechanisms will be ...
EduTECH Asia will bring together the entire education sector in South East Asia to learn, be inspired and exchange ideas. ... Alan Sawyers, CEO & Co-Founder, My Learning Ltd, United Kingdom. Joan Schumann, Director of Student Support Services, Stamford ... Steve Crapnell, Head Of Digital Pedagogy, All Hallows School, Australia. Leon Cygman, Professor, Mount Royal University, ... Lee Falconer, It Director And Assistant Head Teacher (Teaching And Learning), British International School Ho Chi Minh City, ...
Learning-centered ePortfolios (2) * Pedagogies (1) * Selecting and Using Tools (16) * Support and Training (1) ... Learning in the 21st Century: A... Learning in the 21st Century: A Cognitivist Approach ... Learning in the 21st Century: A Cognitivist Approach This web page has been designed as a part of my coursework in DL5723 ... Learning Exercises. Bookmark Collections. Course ePortfolios. Peer Reviews. Virtual Speakers Bureau. View Discipline Index. RSS ...
... upgrade classroom technology to support effective pedagogy; develop comprehensive online services and information to support ... The Higher Learning Commission, a commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools granted Kirtland ... On the main campus in Roscommon the rooms are being redesigned as "active learning classrooms", in which rows of desks or ... The grant identified Kirtlands need to expand online learning and outreach programs and services. Kirtlands Title III project ...
Advanced Pedagogy Researches and Educational Sciences Conference scheduled on December 09-10, 2022 in December 2022 in New York ... Creating domain specific pedagogy. Civics and moral education. Cognition and learning. Curriculum development. Early childhood ... Improving Fake News Detection Using K-means and Support Vector Machine Approaches. Kasra Majbouri Yazdi, Adel Majbouri Yazdi, ... Moral Education Conferences in December 2022 in New York Learning Conferences in December 2022 in New York Pedagogy Conferences ...
Technology that Supports OERs. Activity. by: Naomi Gadbois, Mary Kostelnik, Jennifer Newton & Vito Santo Borracci. Pedagogy / ... Life long learning can occur through OERs. Not solely relying on what was learned in Undergraduate classes, but using OERs to ... Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning, 24(1), 3-10.. Hylén, J. (2006). Open educational resources: ... Humanist/Experiential Learning Theories (Dewey, Knowles, Kolb, Rogers, Maslow, Schön). These learning theories regard the ...
improving pedagogy and curriculum;. *reviewing and revising academic programs and support services; ... Assessment of student learning is an iterative process, meaning that the steps in the steps in the assessment cycle should be ... Student Learning Assessment. Assessment is the systematic collection and examination of evidence of student achievement in ... planning, conducting, and supporting a range of professional development activities;. *planning and budgeting for the provision ...
... and supports excellence in teaching, with diverse technologies, at UVM. ... Pivotal Pedagogy II: This workshop helps helps faculty reimagine their courses without barriers to learning. Faculty will learn ... Pivotal Pedagogy II: Peers can be a powerful influence on student learning. This workshop explores how to ensure that peer-to- ... Come and learn where to find Open Educational Resources and how they can support your teaching. ...
EDEC 336- Culturally Relevant Pedagogy in Early Childhood Classrooms. EDEC 344 - Supporting Linguistic Pluralism Across the ... to use knowledge from those associations to support their ongoing learning and the learning of peers and colleagues. Some ... They apply their learning to teaching effectively, learning from the wisdom of experienced teachers as well as raising ... EDTE 201 - Issues and Trends in Teaching and Learning Recommended Sites/Experiences. EDML 321 has a service-learning component ...
Extensive in-text pedagogy--including review questions--that supports active learning * Companion website resources--including ... Review the factsThe revision guides are designed to make learning quick and effective:* Information is set out in bullet points ... Complete the questions at the end of chapters and answer online multiple-choice questions to reinforce their learning.* Use the ... Key concept panels summarize essential learning points.Step 2: Check your understandingStudents are encouraged to: * ...
  • Facilitate teacher engagement in standards (benchmark) priority work during the summer of 2020 to ensure delivered learning is focused and efficient (consult contract negotiations). (mt.gov)
  • Moodle can be adapted to suit learners of all ages in any learning environment, including commercial training. (moodle.org)
  • 2014 ), typifies school dictionaries in which lexicographers go beyond addressing learners' educational needs regarding language and other school subjects to integrate dictionary pedagogy that may prove beneficial in the long-term development of dictionary skills and dictionary culture. (springer.com)
  • I can implement effective teaching practices to support developing concepts, and I can empower learners to drive the conversation by asking and answering questions of others. (ti.com)
  • 12th International Conference of the Learning Sciences, ICLS 2016: Transforming Learning, Empowering Learners, Proceedings (pp. 1082-1089) (8 p. (uu.nl)
  • This function has been combined with another CALL (Computer Assisted Language Learning) drill system to create more effective exercises according to learners' misuses. (igi-global.com)
  • some of the same time or application development, and change, even when utilizing technology in a middle school learners need to be gained from learning sciences educational data mining. (mvhm.org)
  • Nation(2005) suggests that learning from extensive reading should meet the following conditions: focusing on the meaning of the English text, understanding the type of learning that can occur through such reading, having interesting and engaging books, getting learners to do large quantities of reading at an appropriate level, and making sure that learning from reading is supported by other kinds of learning. (wikipedia.org)
  • it also happens during the process of building new knowledge as learners pose questions about the world and design new ways to collect and analyze information to answer those questions (4).The researchers argue that "a conception of what it means to learn must be framed as part of a larger process of building understanding that involves more than the mind" (4). (wabash.edu)
  • In this constructivist worldview, learning "is a process in which learners are actively involved in the mental construction of ideas using prior knowledge and experiences as a foundation" (6). (wabash.edu)
  • supporting diverse groups of learners? (kassblog.com)
  • Support model assessment programs and practices. (nsf.gov)
  • Originating from concepts of organizational learning (Argyris and Schön 1978, 1996, Senge 1990, Wenger, 1998), this second school of thought is informed by social theories of learning, which define learning as active social participation in the practices of a community (Lave and Wenger 1991, Wenger 1998), and emphasize the dynamic interaction between people and the environment in the construction of meaning and identity (Muro and Jeffrey 2008). (wikipedia.org)
  • Along with a detailed background, key program practices and associated learning theories are highlighted. (sdcity.edu)
  • 1.a Evaluate developmentally appropriate practices regarding individual academic and sociocultural differences for optimal student learning. (argosy.edu)
  • This knowledge bundle supports the re-generation of Anishinaabe personhood, relationality, and nationhood in critically gendered ways which are grounded in Anishinaabe meanings and practices of sovereignty. (uvic.ca)
  • Other topics covered include practical techniques of best practices for successful teaching online, course design, use of media, interaction, and student support. (feedburner.com)
  • On the main campus in Roscommon the rooms are being redesigned as "active learning classrooms", in which rows of desks or tables are replaced with round tables placed throughout the room. (wikipedia.org)
  • Participants will be introduced to a range of possibilities for peer learning activities--some that take minutes, others that require more class time or homework. (uvm.edu)
  • Pivotal Pedagogy II: This session will be an informal conversation based on prompts provided to session participants. (uvm.edu)
  • In the study by Inga M. Bause, Trina R. Brick, Ann-Kathrin Wesslein, and Friedrich W. Hesse, participants use a collaboration-support kit to perform a task at a multi-touch table. (springer.com)
  • Using a multi-touch table can improve collaboration, because the external representations support participants' reasoning processes by making them visible and shared, thereby facilitating joint thinking. (springer.com)
  • Additionally, participants using the cscs pedagogy can actually be impossible to pick twenty animals that she wont finish geometry until the last decade, georgia state decided to present in childish imaginings, and grows lipsitt. (odu.edu)
  • When participants remain open to the shared goal of leading cases in business have replaced human expertise and are played staccato, quick movements impose themselves, and have homework help math cpm recently read a whole learns, and how the knowledge or the art of thought, the art. (mvhm.org)
  • Building Principals may be able to support staff growth on a macrolevel, individual growth at the microlevel is achieved through utilizing instructional coaches. (viewsonic.com)
  • Personalized professional growth for every staff member at a consistent and continuous level is possible with a competent and supported instructional coach. (viewsonic.com)
  • I then argue that Liu's proposal needs to be amended in two ways: he needs to use his pragmatism to rethink the connection between epistemology and pedagogy, and he needs to acknowledge the normative implications of his approach by aligning pragmatism with critical approaches to community service learning. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • They also made links made between social pedagogy and other theories, such as strengths-based and person-centred approaches. (communitycare.co.uk)
  • This is embodied in the educational approaches used and our responsiveness to student learning needs. (plymouth.ac.uk)
  • Embedded in the programmes are opportunities for learning the approaches and ways to think about quality improvement and patient safety within current medical, dental and human health settings, which are necessary skills for all healthcare practitioners working in modern healthcare services. (plymouth.ac.uk)
  • Engage with children and families to learn about and value cultural and linguistic resources in all homes and communities. (sc.edu)
  • The book is based on nine selected, peer-reviewed papers presented at the 10th biennial Networked Learning Conference (NLC) 2016 held in Lancaster. (springer.com)
  • In "Collaboration and the 'Conversation of Mankind'," Kenneth A. Bruffee cites thinking out loud and collaborating as natural states of learning, because they mimic the process of earlier stages of development. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, Bruffee thinks that if composition instructors and scholars believe in writing and learning as a process from which everyone can benefit, then it is important to forge community through collaboration, despite the individualist discourse of the university. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study tests if a collaboration tool kit that comprises joint and private table-top spaces would support collaboration by reducing biases from individual preferences or from the discussion process. (springer.com)
  • 2011 ) found the provision of such private and shared spaces on a multi-touch table can even support the collaboration of pupils with mental disabilities. (springer.com)
  • Not only do I want to teach about the environment, I also want to learn from the environment that surrounds and sustains us. (plt.org)
  • As a Provincial Parks educator, Den Hoed challenged "top-down, political, disciplined" educational processes by using Mezirow's basic theory of transformative learning to "teach for change. (wabash.edu)
  • Parker Palmer (1998) examines six paradoxes of pedagogy in The Courage to Teach . (ksu.edu)
  • An upcoming first-year teacher describes the most valuable lessons she learned from the veteran teacher with whom she interned. (edweek.org)
  • This approach requires a substantial change in the teaching process and it challenges the traditional hierarchical teacher-student relations as well as the physical learning environment. (steelcase.com)
  • This flexibility facilitates changes in the teacher-student interaction and improves the performance of various teaching-learning methods such as: teaching in a plenary session, peer learning, group learning, etc. (steelcase.com)
  • The learning environment needs to integrate the technical infrastructure allowing the student to collaborate with others and to interact with the teacher. (steelcase.com)
  • Whilst my main focus has been in studies on the primary age range, I have also published on learning in the Secondary school and HE contexts. (dur.ac.uk)
  • A definitional source is Jan Visser's (2001) chapter on Integrity, Completeness and Comprehensiveness of the Learning Environment: Meeting the Basic Learning Needs of All Throughout Life in the International Handbook of Lifelong Learning. (learndev.org)
  • Support an increase in diversity, size, and quality of the next generation of STEM professionals who enter the workforce with two- or four-year degrees or who continue their studies in graduate and professional schools. (nsf.gov)
  • This work is supported by an NSF EAGER and STEM+C awards and a Vanderbilt TIPs grant. (easychair.org)
  • A longitudinal study looking at an environmental group concerned about land degradation found that social learning was documented after approximately 1 year, but was initially restricted to an increased understanding of the problem without improved knowledge to address it. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, Oxford University Press Southern Africa has published bilingual school dictionaries pairing English with four of the other ten official languages in order to support the learning of English and those languages as additional languages, while also producing English monolingual school dictionaries (both general language and specialised dictionaries). (springer.com)
  • She holds an MA in philosophy and physics from Aarhus University, a PhD in learning theory from Aalborg University, and a Higher Doctorate Degree in applied philosophy from University of Southern Denmark. (springer.com)
  • At the University of Dammam, an ambitious e-learning system plan was initiated in 2011 and the system was gradually installed during the year 2012. (eurodl.org)
  • There is a great interest in learning how to humanize and foster a sense of community especially in a Catholic university environment. (feedburner.com)
  • We have not found evidence from a randomized control trial supporting any of these," says Doug Rohrer, a psychologist at the University of South Fl. (edweek.org)
  • In the final two sections I critique Liu's framework in light of both philosophical reflection and my experience with the international community service learning program. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Reflection upon learning and information skills will be encouraged. (aber.ac.uk)
  • From Freire and Boal to Judy Chicago and Miriam Shapiro's Womanhouse and the CalArts Feminist Art Program a brief review of experimental or radical pedagogy and its influence on art is hence the focus of this lesson. (coursera.org)
  • NetPositive will also share the experience and insight from communities they have supported, with a focus on Indigenous groups in Canada. (queensu.ca)
  • This is a summary for the model for the inner core of a learning culture of success - the praxis in the City College MESA Program. (sdcity.edu)
  • The City College MESA Program was established in Fall 2000, and it implements the comprehensive components of the successful statewide MESA model for academic support in math, engineering and science. (sdcity.edu)
  • Since 2000, the implementation of the City College MESA Program has evolved into a learning culture approach for increasing student success. (sdcity.edu)
  • Learning to program can be challenging and intimidating, especially for young women who feel they don't belong in a male-dominated field. (queensu.ca)
more