Hypogastric Plexus: A complex network of nerve fibers in the pelvic region. The hypogastric plexus distributes sympathetic fibers from the lumbar paravertebral ganglia and the aortic plexus, parasympathetic fibers from the pelvic nerve, and visceral afferents. The bilateral pelvic plexus is in its lateral extent.Medical Illustration: The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.Autonomic Nerve Block: Interruption of sympathetic pathways, by local injection of an anesthetic agent, at any of four levels: peripheral nerve block, sympathetic ganglion block, extradural block, and subarachnoid block.Pelvic Pain: Pain in the pelvic region of genital and non-genital origin and of organic or psychogenic etiology. Frequent causes of pain are distension or contraction of hollow viscera, rapid stretching of the capsule of a solid organ, chemical irritation, tissue ischemia, and neuritis secondary to inflammatory, neoplastic, or fibrotic processes in adjacent organs. (Kase, Weingold & Gershenson: Principles and Practice of Clinical Gynecology, 2d ed, pp479-508)Needles: Sharp instruments used for puncturing or suturing.Fluoroscopy: Production of an image when x-rays strike a fluorescent screen.Choroid Plexus: A villous structure of tangled masses of BLOOD VESSELS contained within the third, lateral, and fourth ventricles of the BRAIN. It regulates part of the production and composition of CEREBROSPINAL FLUID.Brachial Plexus: The large network of nerve fibers which distributes the innervation of the upper extremity. The brachial plexus extends from the neck into the axilla. In humans, the nerves of the plexus usually originate from the lower cervical and the first thoracic spinal cord segments (C5-C8 and T1), but variations are not uncommon.Propofol: An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.Anesthesiology: A specialty concerned with the study of anesthetics and anesthesia.Anesthetics, Intravenous: Ultrashort-acting anesthetics that are used for induction. Loss of consciousness is rapid and induction is pleasant, but there is no muscle relaxation and reflexes frequently are not reduced adequately. Repeated administration results in accumulation and prolongs the recovery time. Since these agents have little if any analgesic activity, they are seldom used alone except in brief minor procedures. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p174)Rhabdomyolysis: Necrosis or disintegration of skeletal muscle often followed by myoglobinuria.Hypnotics and Sedatives: Drugs used to induce drowsiness or sleep or to reduce psychological excitement or anxiety.Syndrome: A characteristic symptom complex.Infusions, Intravenous: The long-term (minutes to hours) administration of a fluid into the vein through venipuncture, either by letting the fluid flow by gravity or by pumping it.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Dictionaries, ChemicalVena Cava, Inferior: The venous trunk which receives blood from the lower extremities and from the pelvic and abdominal organs.Sciatic Nerve: A nerve which originates in the lumbar and sacral spinal cord (L4 to S3) and supplies motor and sensory innervation to the lower extremity. The sciatic nerve, which is the main continuation of the sacral plexus, is the largest nerve in the body. It has two major branches, the TIBIAL NERVE and the PERONEAL NERVE.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Implantable Neurostimulators: Surgically placed electric conductors through which ELECTRIC STIMULATION of nerve tissue is delivered.Radio Frequency Identification Device: Machine readable patient or equipment identification device using radio frequency from 125 kHz to 5.8 Ghz.Spinal Nerve Roots: Paired bundles of NERVE FIBERS entering and leaving the SPINAL CORD at each segment. The dorsal and ventral nerve roots join to form the mixed segmental spinal nerves. The dorsal roots are generally afferent, formed by the central projections of the spinal (dorsal root) ganglia sensory cells, and the ventral roots are efferent, comprising the axons of spinal motor and PREGANGLIONIC AUTONOMIC FIBERS.Electromagnetic Phenomena: Characteristics of ELECTRICITY and magnetism such as charged particles and the properties and behavior of charged particles, and other phenomena related to or associated with electromagnetism.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Electrodes: Electric conductors through which electric currents enter or leave a medium, whether it be an electrolytic solution, solid, molten mass, gas, or vacuum.Laparoscopy: A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.Back Pain: Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.Low Back Pain: Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.Chronic Pain: Aching sensation that persists for more than a few months. It may or may not be associated with trauma or disease, and may persist after the initial injury has healed. Its localization, character, and timing are more vague than with acute pain.Pain Management: A form of therapy that employs a coordinated and interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those experiencing pain.ArchivesPain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Autonomic Nervous System: The ENTERIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; and SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM taken together. Generally speaking, the autonomic nervous system regulates the internal environment during both peaceful activity and physical or emotional stress. Autonomic activity is controlled and integrated by the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, especially the HYPOTHALAMUS and the SOLITARY NUCLEUS, which receive information relayed from VISCERAL AFFERENTS.Receptors, Muscarinic: One of the two major classes of cholinergic receptors. Muscarinic receptors were originally defined by their preference for MUSCARINE over NICOTINE. There are several subtypes (usually M1, M2, M3....) that are characterized by their cellular actions, pharmacology, and molecular biology.Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Audiovisual Aids: Auditory and visual instructional materials.Central Nervous System: The main information-processing organs of the nervous system, consisting of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Nervous System: The entire nerve apparatus, composed of a central part, the brain and spinal cord, and a peripheral part, the cranial and spinal nerves, autonomic ganglia, and plexuses. (Stedman, 26th ed)Pelvis: The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.Kidney Pelvis: The flattened, funnel-shaped expansion connecting the URETER to the KIDNEY CALICES.Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Receptors, CCR: Chemokine receptors that are specific for CC CHEMOKINES.Chemokine CCL19: A CC-type chemokine with specificity for CCR7 RECEPTORS. It has activity towards T LYMPHOCYTES and B LYMPHOCYTES.Trypanosoma brucei brucei: A hemoflagellate subspecies of parasitic protozoa that causes nagana in domestic and game animals in Africa. It apparently does not infect humans. It is transmitted by bites of tsetse flies (Glossina).Semaphorin-3A: The prototypical and most well-studied member of the semaphorin family. Semaphorin-3A is an axon-repulsive guidance cue for migrating neurons in the developing nervous system. It has so far been found only in vertebrates, and binds to NEUROPILIN-1/plexin complex receptors on growth cones. Like other class 3 semaphorins, it is a secreted protein.TennesseeEducation, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Schools: Educational institutions.Fellowships and Scholarships: Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.
The sensory pathways from the pelvic viscera pass through the superior hypogastric plexus and inferior hypogastric plexus to ... The excision of presacral nerve trunk results in the obstruction of the pain pathway from the hypogastric plexi to the spinal ...
... whose fibers ascend to the superior hypogastric plexus, the aortic plexus and the inferior mesenteric plexus, where they are ... From the inferior hypogastric plexus, they also innervate pelvic organs and vessels. The sacral sympathetic nerves contain a ... Sacral splanchnic nerves are splanchnic nerves that connect the inferior hypogastric plexus to the sympathetic trunk in the ... They travel to their corresponding side's inferior hypogastric plexus, where the preganglionic nerve fibers synapse with the ...
... most of which arise from the superior and inferior hypogastric plexuses and nerves, and from parasympathetic fibers, which come ... It is superior to the prostate, and separated from the rectum by the recto-vesical pouch. In females, the bladder sits inferior ... The superior vesical artery supplies blood to the upper part of the bladder. The lower part of the bladder is supplied by the ... GVA fibers on the superior surface follow the course of the sympathetic efferent nerves back to the CNS, while GVA fibers on ...
Sympathetic fibers from the superior rectal and hypogastric plexuses stimulate and maintain internal anal sphincter contraction ... its inferior border is in contact with, but quite separate from, the external anal sphincter. It is about 5 mm thick, and is ...
... also called the internal iliac lymph nodes The hypogastric nerve plexuses: superior hypogastric plexus inferior hypogastric ... Hypogastric can refer to: The hypogastrium, a region of the abdomen The "hypogastric artery", an old name for the internal ... iliac artery The "hypogastric vein", an old name for the internal iliac vein The "hypogastric lymph nodes", ...
The hypogastric nerve is the nerve that transitions between the superior hypogastric plexus and the inferior hypogastric plexus ... Superior hypogastric plexus Inferior hypogastric plexus Le, Bhushhan, Hoffman. First Aid for the USMLE Step1. p.531. 2012. ... The hypogastric nerve begins where the superior hypogastric plexus splits into a right and left plexus. Each of these divisions ... where it descends into the pelvis to form the inferior hypogastric plexus. Contents of the right and left hypogastric nerves ...
Some other plexuses include the superior and inferior hypogastric plexus, renal plexus, hepatic plexus, splenic plexus, gastric ... The superior mesenteric plexus includes the superior mesenteric ganglia and is located around the superior mesenteric artery. ... The inferior mesenteric plexus includes the inferior mesenteric ganglia and is located around the inferior mesenteric artery. ... and feet Coccygeal plexus - serves a small region over the coccyx Autonomic Plexuses Celiac plexus (solar plexus) - serves ...
... plexus receives nervous input from the superior hypogastric plexus and in the lower part from the inferior hypogastric plexus. ... The ureteric plexus is a nerve plexus covering and innervating the ureter. The plexus can be graduated into three parts, as the ... the plexus gets its nerve fibers mainly from the renal plexus, but also from the abdominal aortic plexus. In the intermediate ... run through the celiac plexus and reach the ureteric plexus. Tubbs, R. Shane; et al. (2015). Nerves and Nerve injuries. 1: ...
The right and left hypogastric nerves continues as Inferior hypogastric plexus; these hypogastric nerves send sympathetic ... The superior hypogastric plexus (in older texts, hypogastric plexus or presacral nerve) is a plexus of nerves situated on the ... The superior hypogastric plexus receives contributions from the two lower lumbar splanchnic nerves (L3-L4), which are branches ... Presacral neurectomy is a lapraoscopic procedure where superior hypogastric plexus is excised, so that the pain pathway is cut ...
... vesical plexus, prostatic plexus, and uterovaginal plexus. Superior hypogastric plexus Hypogastric nerve This article ... The inferior hypogastric plexus (pelvic plexus in some texts) is a plexus of nerves that supplies the viscera of the pelvic ... Contributions to the plexus include: a continuation of the superior hypogastric plexus on either side, in the form of the ... The inferior hypogastric plexus is a paired structure, with each situated on the side of the rectum in the male, and at the ...
From this plexus arise part of the spermatic, the inferior mesenteric, and the hypogastric plexuses; it also distributes ... It is situated upon the sides and front of the aorta, between the origins of the superior and inferior mesenteric arteries. ... Abdominal portion of the sympathetic trunk, with the celiac and hypogastric plexuses. Lower half of right sympathetic cord. ... The abdominal aortic plexus (not to be confused with the thoracic aortic plexus) is formed by branches derived, on either side ...
Renal plexus Testicular plexus / ovarian plexus Superior mesenteric plexus Inferior mesenteric plexus The celiac plexus is ... Cardiac plexus Superior hypogastric plexus Celiac ganglia http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/solar+plexus. Garcia-Eroles ... plexus Splenic plexus Gastric plexus Pancreatic plexus Suprarenal plexus Other plexuses that are derived from the celiac plexus ... The celiac plexus or coeliac plexus, also known as the solar plexus because of its radiating nerve fibers, is a complex network ...
Superior mesenteric plexus Inferior mesenteric plexus Pelvic part Superior hypogastric plexus Inferior hypogastric plexus List ... part Internal carotid plexus Thoracic part Cardiac plexus Esophageal plexus Pulmonary plexus Abdominal part Celiac plexus ... trunk Sacral plexus Nerve to obturator internus Nerve to piriformis Nerve to quadratus femoris Superior gluteal nerve Inferior ... include inferior cerv. ganglion) Thoracic ganglia Greater splanchnic nerve Lesser splanchnic nerve Least splanchnic nerve ...
Superior mesenteric plexus Inferior mesenteric plexus Pelvic part Superior hypogastric plexus Inferior hypogastric plexus ... part Internal carotid plexus Thoracic part Cardiac plexus Esophageal plexus Pulmonary plexus Abdominal part Celiac plexus ... line Iliac crest Anterior superior iliac spine Anterior inferior iliac spine Posterior superior iliac spine Posterior inferior ... sinus Sigmoid sinus Superior sagittal sinus Inferior sagittal sinus Straight sinus Inferior petrosal sinus Superior petrosal ...
... most of which arise from the superior and inferior hypogastric plexuses and nerves, and from parasympathetic fibers, which come ... It is superior to the prostate, and separated from the rectum by the recto-vesical pouch. In females, the bladder sits inferior ... Vessels: 8. Renal artery and vein, 9. Inferior vena cava, 10. Abdominal aorta, 11. Common iliac artery and vein. With ... The bladder is supplied by the vesical arteries and drained by the vesical veins.[15] The superior vesical artery supplies ...
Superior mesenteric plexus. *Inferior mesenteric plexus. *Pelvic part *Superior hypogastric plexus. *Inferior hypogastric ...
Lumbar and sacral plexus. Deep dissection. Anterior view. Pelvic contents: male. Superior view. Deep dissection. Hypogastric ... and the superior rectal artery (a branch of the inferior mesenteric artery) the iliolumbar artery (from the posterior division ... Male hypogastric artery Female hypogastric artery Lumbar and sacral plexus. Deep dissection. Anterior view. Lumbar and sacral ... Dissection of side wall of pelvis showing sacral and pudendal plexuses. Sacral plexus of the right side. Posterior view of the ...
... which synapse in the inferior hypogastric plexus These all contain afferent (sensory) nerves as well, known as GVA (general ... superior mesenteric ganglion, inferior mesenteric ganglion) Chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla (this is the one exception ...
Superior hypogastric *hypogastric nerve. *Superior rectal. *Inferior hypogastric *Vesical. *Prostatic / Cavernous nerves of ... Internal carotid plexus. Sympathetic connections of the ciliary and superior cervical ganglia. (Carotid plexus visible center ... The internal carotid plexus (internal carotid plexus) is situated on the lateral side of the internal carotid artery, and in ... to enter the internal carotid plexus. These fibres then distribute to deep structures, which include the Superior Tarsal Muscle ...
Superior hypogastric *hypogastric nerve. *Superior rectal. *Inferior hypogastric *Vesical. *Prostatic / Cavernous nerves of ... The superior gastric plexus (gastric or coronary plexus) accompanies the left gastric artery along the lesser curvature of the ... The term "inferior gastric plexus" is sometimes used to describe a continuation of the hepatic plexus. ... Gastric plexuses. The celiac ganglia with the sympathetic plexuses of the abdominal viscera radiating from the ganglia. ( ...
Abdominal portion of the sympathetic trunk, with the celiac plexus and hypogastric plexus. Duodenojejunal fossa. Posterior ... and therefore the superior mesenteric artery. The SMA and IMA anastomose via the marginal artery of the colon (artery of ... Inferior mesenteric artery Lumbar and sacral plexus. Deep dissection.Anterior view. Lumbar and sacral plexus. Deep dissection. ... Lumbar and sacral plexus. Deep dissection.Anterior view. Anatomy figure: 39:02-05 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate ...
... with the celiac and hypogastric plexuses. Lower half of right sympathetic cord. Celiac plexus This article incorporates text in ... It has also been shown that modifications in the cholinergic input at the celiac ganglion also led, via the superior ovarian ... The ganglion on the right side is placed behind the inferior vena cava. They are sometimes referred to as the semilunar ganglia ... Most of the fibers of the superior ovarian nerve come from the postganglionic sympathetic neurons of the celiac ganglion. ...
Inferior cardiac nerve Inferior cervical ganglion Inferior gluteal nerve Inferior hypogastric plexus Inferior mesenteric plexus ... nerve Superior ganglion of vagus nerve Superior gluteal nerve Superior hypogastric plexus Superior labial nerve Superior ... laryngeal nerve Superior lateral cutaneous nerve of arm Superior mesenteric plexus Superior rectal plexus Supraclavicular ... petrosal nerve Hepatic plexus Hypoglossal nerve Iliohypogastric nerve Ilioinguinal nerve Inferior alveolar nerve Inferior anal ...
The inferior branch is the ilioinguinal nerve. has two branches: The lateral cutaneous branch ("iliac branch") pierces the ... The iliohypogastric nerve is a nerve that originates from the lumbar plexus that supplies sensation to skin over the lateral ... The iliohypogastric nerve originates from the superior branch of the anterior ramus of spinal nerve L1 after this nerve ... above the subcutaneous inguinal ring, and is distributed to the skin of the hypogastric region. The iliohypogastric nerve ...
... and inferior hypogastric plexuses. The preganglionic neurons in the pathway do not synapse in a ganglion as in the cranium but ... Yet another set of divisions from the pterygopalatine ganglion are the posterior, superior, and inferior lateral nasal nerves; ... The tympanic plexus of nerves rejoin and form the lesser petrosal nerve and exit through the foramen ovale to synapse at the ... As the esophageal plexus enter the abdomen through the esophageal hiatus anterior and posterior vagus trunks form. The vagus ...
The superior mesenteric plexus is a continuation of the lower part of the celiac plexus, receiving a branch from the junction of the right vagus nerve with the plexus. It surrounds the superior mesenteric artery, accompanies it into the mesentery, and divides into a number of secondary plexuses, which are distributed to all the parts supplied by the artery, viz., pancreatic branches to the pancreas; intestinal branches to the small intestine; and ileocolic, right colic, and middle colic branches, which supply the corresponding parts of the great intestine. The nerves composing this plexus are white in color and firm in texture; in the upper part of the plexus close to the origin of the superior mesenteric artery is the superior mesenteric ...
The iliohypogastric nerve runs posterior to the psoas major on its proximal lateral border to run laterally and obliquely on the anterior side of quadratus lumborum. Lateral to this muscle, it pierces the transversus abdominis to run above the iliac crest between that muscle and abdominal internal oblique. It gives off several motor branches to these muscles and a sensory branch to the skin of the lateral hip. Its terminal branch then runs parallel to the inguinal ligament to exit the aponeurosis of the abdominal external oblique above the external inguinal ring where it supplies the skin above the inguinal ligament (i.e. the hypogastric region) with the anterior cutaneous branch. [2] The ilioinguinal nerve closely follows the iliohypogastric nerve on the quadratus lumborum, but then passes below it to run at the level of the iliac crest. It pierces the lateral abdominal wall and runs medially at the level ...
A paraganglion (pl. paraganglia) is a group of non-neuronal cells derived of the neural crest. They are named for being generally in close proximity to sympathetic ganglia. They are essentially of two types: chromaffin or sympathetic paraganglia made of chromaffin cells and nonchromaffin or parasympathetic ganglia made of glomus cells. They are neuroendocrine cells, the former with primary endocrine functions and the latter with primary chemoreceptor functions. Chromaffin paraganglia (also called chromaffin bodies) are connected with the ganglia of the sympathetic trunk and the ganglia of the celiac, renal, adrenal, aortic and hypogastric plexuses. They are concentrated near the adrenal glands and essentially function the same way as the adrenal medulla. They are sometimes found in connection with the ganglia of other sympathetic plexuses. None have been found with the sympathetic ganglia associated with the ...
The internal anal sphincter, IAS, (or sphincter ani internus) is a muscular ring that surrounds about 2.5-4.0 cm of the anal canal; its inferior border is in contact with, but quite separate from, the external anal sphincter. It is about 5 mm thick, and is formed by an aggregation of the involuntary circular fibers of the rectum. Its lower border is about 6 mm from the orifice of the anus. Its action is entirely involuntary, and it is in a state of continuous maximal contraction. It helps the Sphincter ani externus to occlude the anal aperture and aids in the expulsion of the feces. Sympathetic fibers from the superior rectal and hypogastric plexuses stimulate and maintain internal anal sphincter contraction. Its contraction is inhibited by parasympathetic fiber stimulation. This sphincter is tonically contracted most of the time to prevent leakage of fluid or gas, but is relaxed upon distention of the ...
পিউডেন্ডাল চিড় (ইংরেজি: pudendal cleft) নারীর উরূসন্ধিস্থলে যৌনাঙ্গের বহির্ভাগে দৃশ্যমান চিরল ভাঁজ যা যোনীর একটি অংশ। যোনী মণ্ডপের শুরুতে, যেখানে বহিরোষ্ঠ দ্বিভাজিত হয়ে যায়, সেখানকার হলরেখাকে (লাঙ্গলের ফলার দাগ, এখানে চামড়ার ভাঁজের দ্বারা সৃষ্ট দাগের ন্যায় অংশ বোঝানো হয়েছে) ক্লেফট অব ভিনাস (ভাষান্তরে ভিনাসের গিরিখাত) নামে অভিহিত করা হয়। রোমান পুরাণে ভালোবাসার দেবী ভিনাসের ...
In aesthetics, the uncanny valley is a hypothesized relationship between the degree of an object's resemblance to a human being and the emotional response to such an object. The concept of the uncanny valley suggests that humanoid objects which appear almost, but not exactly, like real human beings elicit uncanny, or strangely familiar, feelings of eeriness and revulsion in observers. Valley denotes a dip in the human observer's affinity for the replica, a relation that otherwise increases with the replica's human likeness. Examples can be found in robotics, 3D computer animations, and lifelike dolls among others. With the increasing prevalence of virtual reality, augmented reality, and photorealistic computer animation, the 'valley' has been cited in the popular press in reaction to the verisimilitude of the creation as it approaches indistinguishability from reality. The uncanny valley hypothesis predicts that an entity appearing almost human risks eliciting cold, eerie feelings in viewers. ...
In 1901, as Lear explains, a Potter family friend and sometime poet, Canon Hardwicke Rawnsley, set Potter's tale into "rather dreadful didactic verse and submitted it, along with Potter's illustrations and half her revised manuscript, to Frederick Warne & Co.," who had been among the original rejecters.[8] Warne editors declined Rawnsley's version "but asked to see the complete Potter manuscript" - their interest stimulated by the opportunity The Tale of Peter Rabbit offered the publisher to compete with the success of Helen Bannerman's wildly popular Little Black Sambo and other small-format children's books then on the market. When Warne inquired about the lack of colour illustrations in the book, Potter replied that rabbit-brown and green were not good subjects for colouration. Warne declined the book but left open the possibility of future publication.[9] Warne wanted colour illustrations throughout the "bunny book" (as the firm referred to the tale) and suggested cutting the illustrations ...
The first LDS-1 was shipped to the customer (BBN) in August 1969. Only a few of these systems were ever built. One was used by the Los Angeles Times as their first typesetting/layout computer. One went to NASA Ames Research Center for Human Factors Research. Another was bought by the Port Authority of New York to develop a tugboat pilot trainer for navigation in the harbor. The MIT Dynamic Modeling had one, and there was a program for viewing an ongoing game of Maze War. [2][3] ...
The book sold very well, and while some anatomical experts hostile to Haeckel's evolutionary views expressed some private concerns that certain figures had been drawn rather freely, the figures showed what they already knew about similarities in embryos. The first published concerns came from Ludwig Rütimeyer, a professor of zoology and comparative anatomy at the University of Basel who had placed fossil mammals in an evolutionary lineage early in the 1860s and had been sent a complimentary copy. At the end of 1868 his review in the Archiv für Anthropologie wondered about the claim that the work was "popular and scholarly", doubting whether the second was true, and expressed horror about such public discussion of man's place in nature with illustrations such as the evolutionary trees being shown to non-experts. Though he made no suggestion that embryo illustrations should be directly based on specimens, to him the subject demanded the utmost "scrupulosity and conscientiousness" and an artist ...
... are named after Henry Koplik (1858-1927), an American pediatrician who published a short description of them in 1896, emphasising their appearance before the skin rash and their value in the differential diagnosis of diseases with which measles might be mistaken.[4][6] He published two further papers on the spots, including one with a colour illustration.[7] An anonymous reviewer of Koplik's The Diseases of Infancy and Childhood refers to the illustration as "the now famous coloured plate".[8] Some authors ascribe the first written description of these spots to Reubold, Würzburg 1854, and others to Johann Andreas Murray (1740-1791). Before Koplik, the German internist Carl Jakob Adolf Christian Gerhardt (1833-1902) in 1874, the Danish physician N. Flindt in 1879, and the Russian Nil Filatov (1847-1902) in 1895, had observed equivalent phenomena.[9] Koplik was aware of Filatov's work,[10] thought his evidence insufficient and rejected his claim for priority.[7] ...
The analysis of variance can be used as an exploratory tool to explain observations. A dog show provides an example. A dog show is not a random sampling of the breed: it is typically limited to dogs that are adult, pure-bred, and exemplary. A histogram of dog weights from a show might plausibly be rather complex, like the yellow-orange distribution shown in the illustrations. Suppose we wanted to predict the weight of a dog based on a certain set of characteristics of each dog. One way to do that is to explain the distribution of weights by dividing the dog population into groups based on those characteristics. A successful grouping will split dogs such that (a) each group has a low variance of dog weights (meaning the group is relatively homogeneous) and (b) the mean of each group is distinct (if two groups have the same mean, then it isn't reasonable to conclude that the groups are, in fact, separate in any meaningful way). In the illustrations to the right, groups are identified as X1, X2, ...
The analysis of variance can be used as an exploratory tool to explain observations. A dog show provides an example. A dog show is not a random sampling of the breed: it is typically limited to dogs that are adult, pure-bred, and exemplary. A histogram of dog weights from a show might plausibly be rather complex, like the yellow-orange distribution shown in the illustrations. Suppose we wanted to predict the weight of a dog based on a certain set of characteristics of each dog. One way to do that is to explain the distribution of weights by dividing the dog population into groups based on those characteristics. A successful grouping will split dogs such that (a) each group has a low variance of dog weights (meaning the group is relatively homogeneous) and (b) the mean of each group is distinct (if two groups have the same mean, then it isn't reasonable to conclude that the groups are, in fact, separate in any meaningful way). In the illustrations to the right, groups are identified as X1, X2, ...
The story was first published in July 1851 under the title "The First Ships of the Mexican Navy" ("L'Amérique du Sud. Etudes historiques. Les Premiers Navires de la Marine Mexicaine") in Musée des familles with three illustrations by Eugène Forest and Alexandre de Bar. The renamed and revised version, with six illustrations by Jules Férat, was published in 1876 together with the novel Michel Strogoff as a part of the Voyages Extraordinaires series. The first English translation by W. H. G. Kingston was published in 1876.. ...
Inferior hypogastric plexuses: These plexuses are formed when the right and left hypogastric nerves are joined by preganglionic ... Superior hypogastric plexus: This nerve sits in front of the sacral promontory. It contains sympathetic fibers from the aortic ... Inferior gluteal nerve: This nerves formed by the 5th lumbar through 2nd sacral spinal nerves. Like the superior gluteal nerve ... The coccygeal plexus. The coccygeal plexus of nerve fibers is formed by the 4th and 5th sacral spinal nerves and the coccygeal ...
The hypogastric nerve is the nerve that transitions between the superior hypogastric plexus and the inferior hypogastric plexus ... Superior hypogastric plexus Inferior hypogastric plexus Le, Bhushhan, Hoffman. First Aid for the USMLE Step1. p.531. 2012. ... The hypogastric nerve begins where the superior hypogastric plexus splits into a right and left plexus. Each of these divisions ... where it descends into the pelvis to form the inferior hypogastric plexus. Contents of the right and left hypogastric nerves ...
Inferior Hypogastric Plexus Block Affects Sacral Nerves and the Superior Hypogastric Plexus  Stogicza, A; Trescot, A. M.; Racz ... Inferior Hypogastric Plexus Block Affects Sacral Nerves and the Superior Hypogastric Plexus  Stogicza, Agnes; Trescot, A M; ... The inferior hypogastric plexus mediates pain sensation through the sympathetic chain for the lower abdominal and pelvic ... The inferior hypogastric plexus mediates pain sensation through the sympathetic chain for the lower abdominal and pelvic ...
The right and left hypogastric nerves continues as Inferior hypogastric plexus; these hypogastric nerves send sympathetic ... The superior hypogastric plexus (in older texts, hypogastric plexus or presacral nerve) is a plexus of nerves situated on the ... The superior hypogastric plexus receives contributions from the two lower lumbar splanchnic nerves (L3-L4), which are branches ... Presacral neurectomy is a lapraoscopic procedure where superior hypogastric plexus is excised, so that the pain pathway is cut ...
Sympa - presacral nerve/ superior hypogastric plexus (T10-12). Para- anterior rami of S2-4 / pelvic splachnic nerves ... Lie inferior to vestibular bulbs & deep to inferior end of the bulbocavernousus muscle ... Ovarian plexus (sympa). Hypogastric and aortic plexus. Vagus nerve (parasympa). Sensory afferents (T10) ... Has rich venous plexus that may develop varicosities during pregnancy due to increased venous pressure by the enlarged uterus ...
go into inferior hypogastric plexus > smooth muscle of pelvis, i.e. bladder, to propel things down the ureter ... cluster of nerves from inferior hypogastric plexus nerves; run on both sides of diaphragm, cluster around prostate makes ... superior hypogastric plexus comes from above 34 parasympathetic innervation of pelvic area ...
What is cluneal nerves, inferior? Meaning of cluneal nerves, inferior medical term. What does cluneal nerves, inferior mean? ... inferior in the Medical Dictionary? cluneal nerves, inferior explanation free. ... Superior hypogastric plexus.. nerve of the pterygoid canal. Vidian nerve.. pressor nerve. An afferent nerve whose stimulation ... A bundle of autonomic axons from the sympathetic trunk (ganglia S2-S3) that is en route to the inferior hypogastric plexus. ...
Inferior hypogastric plexus block affects sacral nerves and the superior hypogastric plexus. ISRN Anesthesiology. 2012;2012:1-5 ... Ahmed DG, Mohamad MF, Mohamed SA-E. Superior hypogastric plexus combined with ganglion impar neurolytic blocks for pelvic and/ ... Mishra S, Bhatnagar S, Rana SP, Khurana D, Thulkar S. Efficacy of the anterior ultrasound-guided superior hypogastric plexus ... Genitourinary cancer Superior hypogastric block Ganglion of impar block Prostate cancer Renal cancer Bladder cancer Uterine ...
What is submucous plexus? Meaning of submucous plexus medical term. What does submucous plexus mean? ... Looking for online definition of submucous plexus in the Medical Dictionary? submucous plexus explanation free. ... Rectal plexus.. hypogastric plexus. The superior or the inferior hypogastric plexus.. inferior hypogastric plexus. Abbreviation ... mesenteric plexus. The superior or the inferior mesenteric plexus.. mucosal plexus. An autonomic nerve plexus without ganglia ...
Briefly, the dissection commences at the pelvic promontory with exposure and preservation of the superior hypogastric plexus. ... The pre-aortic plexus and inferior mesenteric plexus are preserved by sparing the pre-aortic connective tissue and leaving a 1 ... Briefly, the dissection commences at the pelvic promontory with exposure and preservation of the superior hypogastric plexus. ... The pre-aortic plexus and inferior mesenteric plexus are preserved by sparing the pre-aortic connective tissue and leaving a 1 ...
The cervical nerves derive from the pelvic autonomic system, the superior, middle, and inferior hypogastric plexuses. ... Both systems collect into two lateral plexuses in the region of the isthmus and give origin to four efferent channels running ... The venous drainage parallels the arterial system, with communication between the cervical plexus and neck of the urinary ... is the most inferior portion of the uterus protruding into the upper vagina. The vagina is fused circumferentially and ...
... neuromodulation of the hypogastric plexus superior and/or inferior), interstitial cystitis, neurologic impotence/anejaculation ... Placement of electrodes on the sensitive nerves in the pelvis (Plexus hypogastricus inferior, nervi hypogastrici inferiors, ... ilio-inguinal and ilio-hypogastric nerves, or the hypogastric plexus also becomes feasible. ... the electrode on nervus glutealis superior and on nervus glutealis inferior at a point where they develop out of plexus ...
... the superior hypogastric plexus and the sacral plexus, The hypogastric nerve plexus descends on the great vessels spreading ... into an inferior hypogastric plexus, which systematically branches further into a uterovaginal nerve. The somatic pudendal ... and the middle rectal arteries diverge off to supply a superior and inferior vesical artery, respectively. Between the ... The main arterial supply to the clitoris is from the illo-hypogastric-pudendal arterial bed. The internal pudendal artery is ...
1. From the superior hypogastric plexus (Presacral Nerve) via the inferior hypogastric plexus, sympathetic fibers follow the ... of the hypogastric plexus, which is subdivided into the superior, middle, and inferior plexuses. ... middle plexus), which follows the hypogastric arteries, and terminates in the large: secondary plexus (the inferior plexus). ... Visceral branches from the spinal nerves, also reach the inferior and superior hypogastric plexuses and have similar ...
Superior hypogastric plexus 21 . Common iliac artery 22 . Internal iliac artery and vein ... Left pointer: Internal pudendal artery Right pointer: Inferior gluteal artery 26 . Vaginal artery ...
follow an alternative route and may be carried from the inferior hypogastric plexus via hypogastric nerves to the superior ... above it the mucosa is supplied by sympathetic nerves deriving from the inferior mesenteric and inferior hypogastric plexuses ... superior hypogastric plexus.The f1rst and second lumbar splanchnic nerves (see Plate 30) usually end in the intermes- enteric ... folds fossa function gastric greater omentum hemorrhoidal HEPATIC hernia hypogastric ileocolic ileum iliac infection inferior ...
... about having an affair and indeed had some physical affection between the inferior mesenteric and superior hypogastric plexuses ...
The ilioinguinal nerve is the collateral branch of the iliohy- branch into right and left inferior hypogastric plexuses. The ... Superior lateral cutaneous nerve of arm Radial nerve Radial nerve • Inferior lateral T2 • Inferior lateral cutaneous cutaneous ... The abdominal wall to emerge through the superficial inguinal ring to pro- branches from the inferior hypogastric plexuses are ... Inferior to the ethmoidal bulla is a curved gutter • the ethmoidal labyrinth, superior concha, middle (the semilunar hiatus), ...
When the patient has an irritation of the inferior hypogastric plexus, the pain is going up by following superior hypogastric ... The inferior hypogastric plexus are the small nerves, autonomic nerve everywhere in the body. And we were speaking about the ... nerve and then the superior hypogastric plexus. And thats the reason why all patients affected by endometriosis always suffer ... affected by endometriosis have because of the inflammation of the sympathetic nerve that called the inferior hypogastric plexus ...
Inferior hypogastric plexus. OUA:. Obliterated umbilical artery. RVL:. Rectovaginal ligament. SHP:. Superior hypogastric plexus ... it accompanies the ureters to the bladder and the hypogastric nerves (HNs) to join the inferior hypogastric plexus (IHP) in a ... 2a, c) is the inferomedial extension of the double sheath renal fascia, enveloping the superior hypogastric plexus (SHP) on the ... SVa superior vesical artery, Ua Uterine artery, UGHF urogenital-hypogastric fascia, Ur ureter, UVF umbilicovesical fascia, VUL ...
... polypeptide endothelin-1 is produced by the slowest heart rate at which time the inferior hypogastric plexus superior ... A couple who both were superior compared with placebo. The contractile ...
How Superior/Inferior Hypogastric Plexus Injections Treat Pain Back Pain Treatments Nov 17, 2016 No Comments ... What is a Superior Hypogastric Plexus Block?. Commonly referred to as a hypogastric block, a superior hypogastric plexus block ... Who is a Good Candidate for the Superior Hypogastric Plexus Block?. Most physicians recommend superior hypogastric plexus ... superior hypogastric plexus pudendal, celiac plexus, and the inguinal.. How Does the Procedure Work?. Performing the superior ...
visceral branch → superior hypogastric plexus (上腹下丛) and pelvic plexus (盆丛) (inferior hypogastric plexus ... arterial plexuses → abdominal aorta., celiac, superior & inferior mesenteric plexuses.. iii. ... form of distribution nerve trunk (神经干) nerve plexus (神经丛) around (分布方式) viscera or blood vessel ... ... cervical cardiac n. (颈 中心神经) cardiac plexus → the heart
The procedure interrupts pelvic afferent sensory nerve fibers of the Lee-Frankenhauser nerve plexus.8 According to Counseller ... and inferior hypogastric nerve plexus (also known as the pelvic plexus), and then the superior hypogastric nerve plexus (also ... some of which bypass the superior hypogastric nerve plexus. Afferent nerves accompany both parasympathetic and sympathetic ... the Th10-L1 sympathetic nerves are included in the hypogastric nerve and run along the inferior vena cava and the sacral bone.8 ...
... and the superior and inferior hypogastric plexuses.. Plexuses. Cardiac. The cardiac plexus is a plexus of nerves situated at ... Inferior Hypogastric Plexus. The inferior hypogastric plexus (pelvic plexus in some texts) is a plexus of nerves that supplies ... Superior Hypogastric Plexus. The superior hypogastric plexus (in older texts, hypogastric plexus or presacral nerve) is a ... the pulmonary plexus, the esophageal plexus, the abdonimal aortic plexus, and the superior and inferior hypogastric plexuses. ...
  • The right colic flexure is mobilized and an extensive Kocher maneuver is carried out exposing the inferior vena cava and left renal vein. (bvsalud.org)
  • The ureter then continues anteriorly on the psoas major muscle, crossing under the gonadal vein at the level of the inferior pole of the kidney. (medscape.com)
  • A sensory branch of the mandibular nerve (CN V3) It passes through the parotid gland en route to the ear, where it innervates skin of the pinna, external auditory canal, and tympanic membrane. (tabers.com)
  • Abduction ofthe arm atthe glenohumeral joint iscon- brachial plexus in the axilla. (bdforum.org)
  • 2. A venous plexus that exits the skull through the carotid canal and interconnects the cavernous sinus inside the skull with the internal jugular vein outside the skull. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A venous plexus filled with anastomosing vascular channels and located in the dura that covers the clivus of the skull, under the brainstem. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • 48 The cervix (term taken from the Latin, meaning "neck") is the most inferior portion of the uterus protruding into the upper vagina. (springer.com)