Sudan: A country in northeastern Africa. The capital is Khartoum.Food Coloring Agents: Natural or synthetic dyes used as coloring agents in processed foods.Azo CompoundsDracunculiasis: Infection with nematodes of the genus Dracunculus. One or more worms may be seen at a time, with the legs and feet being the most commonly infected areas. Symptoms include pruritus, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or asthmatic attacks.Somalia: Somalia is located on the east coast of Africa on and north of the Equator and, with Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, and Kenya, is often referred to as the Horn of Africa. It comprises Italy's former Trust Territory of Somalia and the former British Protectorate of Somaliland. The capital is Mogadishu.Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola: A highly fatal, acute hemorrhagic fever, clinically very similar to MARBURG VIRUS DISEASE, caused by EBOLAVIRUS, first occurring in the Sudan and adjacent northwestern (what was then) Zaire.Naphthols: Naphthalene derivatives carrying one or more hydroxyl (-OH) groups at any ring position. They are often used in dyes and pigments, as antioxidants for rubber, fats, and oils, as insecticides, in pharmaceuticals, and in numerous other applications.Chiroptera: Order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight. It includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Filoviridae: A family of RNA viruses, of the order MONONEGAVIRALES, containing filamentous virions. Although they resemble RHABDOVIRIDAE in possessing helical nucleocapsids, Filoviridae differ in the length and degree of branching in their virions. There are two genera: EBOLAVIRUS and MARBURGVIRUS.JordanMarburg Virus Disease: An RNA virus infection of rhesus, vervet, and squirrel monkeys transmissible to man.Marburgvirus: A genus in the family FILOVIRIDAE consisting of one species (Lake Victoria marburgvirus) with several strains. The genus shows no antigenic cross-reactivity with EBOLAVIRUS.PrintingPyrazolones: Compounds with a five-membered heterocyclic ring with two nitrogens and a keto OXYGEN. Some are inhibitors of TNF-ALPHA production.InkYellow Fever: An acute infectious disease primarily of the tropics, caused by a virus and transmitted to man by mosquitoes of the genera Aedes and Haemagogus. The severe form is characterized by fever, HEMOLYTIC JAUNDICE, and renal damage.United Nations: An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.Dracunculus Nematode: A genus of nematode parasites which inhabit the body cavity, serous membranes, and connective tissues of vertebrates. The parasitic species in humans is Dracunculus medinensis.Geography, Medical: The area of medicine concerned with the effects on health and disease due to geographic factors such as CLIMATE, environmental conditions, and geographic location.Public Health Surveillance: The ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health-related data with the purpose of preventing or controlling disease or injury, or of identifying unusual events of public health importance, followed by the dissemination and use of information for public health action. (From Am J Prev Med 2011;41(6):636)Pandemics: Epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.Amaranthus: A plant genus, in the family AMARANTHACEAE, best known as a source of high-protein grain crops and of Red Dye No. 2 (AMARANTH DYE). Tumbleweed sometimes refers to Amaranthus but more often refers to SALSOLA.Mali: A country in western Africa, east of MAURITANIA and south of ALGERIA. Its capital is Bamako. From 1904-1920 it was known as Upper Senegal-Niger; prior to 1958, as French Sudan; 1958-1960 as the Sudanese Republic and 1959-1960 it joined Senegal in the Mali Federation. It became an independent republic in 1960.Viola: A plant genus of the family VIOLACEAE. Some species in this genus are called bouncing bet which is a common name more often used with SAPONARIA OFFICINALIS. Members contain macrocyclic peptides.French Guiana: A French overseas department on the northeast coast of South America. Its capital is Cayenne. It was first settled by the French in 1604. Early development was hindered because of the presence of a penal colony. The name of the country and the capital are variants of Guyana, possibly from the native Indian Guarani guai (born) + ana (kin), implying a united and interrelated race of people. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p418 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p195)MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Yellow Fever Vaccine: Vaccine used to prevent YELLOW FEVER. It consists of a live attenuated 17D strain of the YELLOW FEVER VIRUS.Yellow fever virus: The type species of the FLAVIVIRUS genus. Principal vector transmission to humans is by AEDES spp. mosquitoes.Hymenolepis nana: The smallest species of TAPEWORMS. It is the only cestode that parasitizes humans without requiring an intermediate host.Mass Vaccination: Administration of a vaccine to large populations in order to elicit IMMUNITY.Egypt: A country in northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula Its capital is Cairo.New YorkPolitics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Communicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Trachoma: A chronic infection of the CONJUNCTIVA and CORNEA caused by CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS.AfghanistanMozambique: A republic in southern Africa, south of TANZANIA, east of ZAMBIA and ZIMBABWE, bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Maputo. It was formerly called Portuguese East Africa.Floods: Sudden onset water phenomena with different speed of occurrence. These include flash floods, seasonal river floods, and coastal floods, associated with CYCLONIC STORMS; TIDALWAVES; and storm surges.Photography: Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.Chronology as Topic: The temporal sequence of events that have occurred.Rain: Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Eritrea: A country of eastern Africa, west of the Red Sea, bordered west and northwest by SUDAN, and south by ETHIOPIA. Its capital is Asmara.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Wounds, Gunshot: Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.Cats: The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)Th2 Cells: Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.Th1 Cells: Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete interleukin-2, gamma-interferon, and interleukin-12. Due to their ability to kill antigen-presenting cells and their lymphokine-mediated effector activity, Th1 cells are associated with vigorous delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions.Cat Diseases: Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Pneumoconiosis: A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by inhalation of dust and by tissue reaction to their presence. These inorganic, organic, particulate, or vaporized matters usually are inhaled by workers in their occupational environment, leading to the various forms (ASBESTOSIS; BYSSINOSIS; and others). Similar air pollution can also have deleterious effects on the general population.Grasshoppers: Plant-eating orthopterans having hindlegs adapted for jumping. There are two main families: Acrididae and Romaleidae. Some of the more common genera are: Melanoplus, the most common grasshopper; Conocephalus, the eastern meadow grasshopper; and Pterophylla, the true katydid.Locusta migratoria: A species of migratory Old World locusts, in the family ACRIDIDAE, that are important pests in Africa and Asia.Joints: Also known as articulations, these are points of connection between the ends of certain separate bones, or where the borders of other bones are juxtaposed.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.

Mortality due to schistosomiasis mansoni: a field study in Sudan. (1/521)

Although schistosomiasis affects 200 million persons, 20 million of whom have advanced disease, little is known about the mortality pattern in areas of endemic schistosomiasis mansoni. In an attempt to assess the mortality rates in an endemic area in Sudan, we conducted two demographic surveys in a village in the Gezira area. Clinical, sonographic, and parasitologic examinations were performed in a randomly selected sample of 25% of the population in 1987 and 1994. One of us asked each head of household about the names, sex, and age of family members. Particularly, we asked about death in the family if any, history of schistosomiasis, abdominal swelling, and hematemesis. Possible causes of death were ascertained by reviewing medical records in the village dispensary and the district hospital. There were 42 deaths in the village. Four males died of hematemesis secondary to portal fibrosis. The crude mortality rate of schistosomiasis was is 51/100,000/year. The overall schistosomiasis fatality rate per year was 1/1,000 infected persons, but was as high as 11/100/infected patients with bleeding varices. These findings showed the impact of schistosomiasis on public health in this economically important region of Sudan.  (+info)

mtDNA analysis of Nile River Valley populations: A genetic corridor or a barrier to migration? (2/521)

To assess the extent to which the Nile River Valley has been a corridor for human migrations between Egypt and sub-Saharan Africa, we analyzed mtDNA variation in 224 individuals from various locations along the river. Sequences of the first hypervariable segment (HV1) of the mtDNA control region and a polymorphic HpaI site at position 3592 allowed us to designate each mtDNA as being of "northern" or "southern" affiliation. Proportions of northern and southern mtDNA differed significantly between Egypt, Nubia, and the southern Sudan. At slowly evolving sites within HV1, northern-mtDNA diversity was highest in Egypt and lowest in the southern Sudan, and southern-mtDNA diversity was highest in the southern Sudan and lowest in Egypt, indicating that migrations had occurred bidirectionally along the Nile River Valley. Egypt and Nubia have low and similar amounts of divergence for both mtDNA types, which is consistent with historical evidence for long-term interactions between Egypt and Nubia. Spatial autocorrelation analysis demonstrates a smooth gradient of decreasing genetic similarity of mtDNA types as geographic distance between sampling localities increases, strongly suggesting gene flow along the Nile, with no evident barriers. We conclude that these migrations probably occurred within the past few hundred to few thousand years and that the migration from north to south was either earlier or lesser in the extent of gene flow than the migration from south to north.  (+info)

Multi-centre evaluation of repeatability and reproducibility of the direct agglutination test for visceral leishmaniasis. (3/521)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the repeatability and reproducibility of the serological direct agglutination test (DAT) for visceral leishmaniasis (VL) with aqueous antigen in a multi-centre study in VL-endemic areas in Sudan, Kenya and Nepal. METHODS: Repeatability within each centre and reproducibility between the centres' results and an external reference laboratory (Belgium) was assessed on 1596 triplicate plain blood samples collected on filter paper. RESULTS: High kappa values (range 0.86-0.97) indicated excellent DAT repeatability within the centres. The means of the titre differences between the reference laboratory and the centres in Sudan, Kenya and Nepal (2.3, 2.4 and 1.1, respectively, all significantly different from 0) showed weak reproducibility across centres. 95% of the titre differences between the reference laboratory and the respective centres were accounted for by large intervals: 0.6-9 fold titre variation for Sudan, 0.7-8 fold for Kenya and 0.26-4 fold for Nepal. CONCLUSION: High repeatability of DAT confirms its potential, but reproducibility problems remain an obstacle to its routine use in the field. Reproducibility was hindered by alteration of the antigen through temperature and shaking, especially in Kenya and Sudan, and by nonstandardization of the test reading. DAT handling procedures and antigen quality must be carefully standardized and monitored when introducing this test into routine practice.  (+info)

Towards a kala azar risk map for Sudan: mapping the potential distribution of Phlebotomus orientalis using digital data of environmental variables. (4/521)

The need to define the geographical distribution of Phlebotomus orientalis results from its importance as the dominant vector of kala azar (visceral Iceishmaniasis) in Sudan. Recent epidermics of this disease in southern and eastern Sudan caused an estimated 100000 deaths and have renewed the impetus for defining the ecological boundaries of the vector. This information is an essential prerequisite to the production of a risk map for kala azar. This study uses data on the presence and absence of P. orientalis from 44 collecting sites across the central belt of Sudan. A logistic regression model was used to estimate the probability of the presence of P. orientalis at each collecting site as a function of climatic and environmental variables (rainfall; temperature; altitude; soil type and the satellite-derived environmental proxies - Normalized Difference Vegetation Index and Land Surface Temperature). The logistic regression model indicates mean annual maximum daily temperature and soil type as the most important ecological determinants of P. orientalis distribution. An initial risk map was created in a raster-based geographical information system which delineates the area where P. orientalis may occur. This map was then refined using a mask layer indicating the known rainfall-based boundaries of the distribution of Acacia-Balanites woodland - a woodland type known to be associated with the distribution of this vector. The predictive performance of the risk map is discussed.  (+info)

Cost-effectiveness analysis of humanitarian relief interventions: visceral leishmaniasis treatment in the Sudan. (5/521)

Spending by aid agencies on emergencies has quadrupled over the last decade, to over US$6 billion. To date, cost-effectiveness has seldom been considered in the prioritization and evaluation of emergency interventions. The sheer volume of resources spent on humanitarian aid and the chronicity of many humanitarian interventions call for more attention to be paid to the issue of 'value for money'. In this paper we present data from a major humanitarian crisis, an epidemic of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in war-torn Sudan. The special circumstances provided us, in retrospect, with unusually accurate data on excess mortality, costs of the intervention and its effects, thus allowing us to express cost-effectiveness as the cost per Disability Adjusted Life Year (DALY) averted. The cost-effectiveness ratio, of US$18.40 per DALY (uncertainty range between US$13.53 and US$27.63), places the treatment of VL in Sudan among health interventions considered 'very good value for money' (interventions of less than US$25 per DALY). We discuss the usefulness of this analysis to the internal management of the VL programme, the procurement of funds for the programme, and more generally, to priority setting in humanitarian relief interventions. We feel that in evaluations of emergency interventions attempts could be made more often to perform cost-effectiveness analyses, including the use of DALYs, provided that the outcomes of these analyses are seen in the broad context of the emergency situation and its consequences on the affected population. This paper provides a first contribution to what is hoped to become an international database of cost-effectiveness studies of health interventions during relief operations, which use a comparable measure of health outcome such as the DALY.  (+info)

Latent class analysis permits unbiased estimates of the validity of DAT for the diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis. (6/521)

BACKGROUND: Substantial uncertainty surrounds the specificity of the Direct Agglutination Test (DAT) for visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in clinical suspects, since no good gold standard exists for unequivocally identifying diseased subjects. We explored the Latent Class Analysis (LCA) modelling technique to circumvent this problem. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data on 149 clinical suspects recruited in 1993-96 during a multicentre study in Sudan were re-examined. Clinical data, lymph node and bone marrow aspirate and DAT results were available. IFAT was performed in 1997 on stored filter paper blood of 80 individuals. Classical Validity Analysis (CVA) in a 2 x 2 contingency table with parasitology as a gold standard was compared with the parameter estimates produced by the best fitting LCA model. RESULTS: The sensitivity estimates of DAT produced by CVA (98% (89%-100%)) were almost exactly reproduced by LCA. The specificity estimates by LCA were substantially higher than those obtained in CVA. Specificity of DAT depended, however, on whether the subject was treated for VL before. In subjects without prior treatment, CVA estimated DAT specificity at 68% (56%-79%), whereas LCA estimated it at 85% (63%-100%). CONCLUSION: LCA modelling proved a useful tool, as it gave consistent estimates of test characteristics and allowed for control of confounding factors and interaction effects. Since VL is a life-threatening disease for which expensive but effective and safe treatment exists, a clinical suspect in an endemic area should be treated on the basis of a positive DAT result.  (+info)

Severe hepatic fibrosis in Schistosoma mansoni infection is controlled by a major locus that is closely linked to the interferon-gamma receptor gene. (7/521)

Lethal disease due to hepatic periportal fibrosis occurs in 2%-10% of subjects infected by Schistosoma mansoni in endemic regions such as Sudan. It is unknown why few infected individuals present with severe disease, and inherited factors may play a role in fibrosis development. Schistosoma mansoni infection levels have been shown to be controlled by a locus that maps to chromosome 5q31-q33. To investigate the genetic control of severe hepatic fibrosis (assessed by ultrasound examination) causing portal hypertension, a segregation analysis was performed in 65 Sudanese pedigrees from the same village. Results provide evidence for a codominant major gene, with.16 as the estimated allele A frequency predisposing to advanced periportal fibrosis. For AA males, AA females, and Aa males a 50% penetrance is reached after, respectively, 9, 14, and 19 years of residency in the area, whereas for other subjects the penetrance remains <.02 after 20 years of exposure. Linkage analysis performed in four candidate regions shows that this major locus maps to chromosome 6q22-q23 and that it is closely linked (multipoint LOD score 3.12) to the IFN-gammaR1 gene encoding the receptor of the strongly antifibrogenic cytokine interferon-gamma. These results show that infection levels and advanced hepatic fibrosis in human schistosomiasis are controlled by distinct loci; they suggest that polymorphisms within the IFN-gammaR1 gene could determine severe hepatic disease due to S. mansoni infection and that the IFN-gammaR1 gene is a strong candidate for the control of abnormal fibrosis observed in other diseases.  (+info)

Progress toward poliomyelitis eradication during armed conflict--Somalia and southern Sudan, January 1998-June 1999. (8/521)

In 1988, the Regional Committee of the World Health Organization (WHO) for the Eastern Mediterranean Region adopted a resolution to eliminate poliomyelitis from the region by 2000. Somalia and parts of southern Sudan have persons living in areas where there is ongoing armed conflict and poor infrastructure (e.g., health-care facilities, schools, roads, and power plants). Under these conditions, conducting National Immunization Days (NIDs) and acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance is difficult. This report summarizes NIDs in Somalia during 1997 and 1998 and in southern Sudan during 1998 and 1999 and establishment of AFP surveillance in northern Somalia and southern Sudan.  (+info)

The Khartoum Training Center was inaugurated in Khartoum, Sudan on January 10, 2015 as a WGO Training Center. The Khartoum Training Center is recognized as one of the few well-established centers in central Africa, especially considering the shortage of ERCP service in the region. The implementation of a Training Center under the umbrella of the World Gastroenterology Organisation (WGO) was a logical step and a requirement to move forward and to implement a structured training at a global standard. The service is expected to be easily disseminated into the region, taking notice of an increasing number of applications received at the Training Center from neighboring countries. ...
Toxoplasma gondii parasites are capable to affect any organs and glands in human and this causes the appearance of different clinical sign. The present study was performed to examine the effect of toxoplasmosis infection on thyroid hormone levels among Sudanese patients in Khartoum State that help in early diagnosis and treatment and there is no data in Sudan. The study was cross section design which was conducted among 100 patients including males and females (pregnant and non pregnant) with toxoplasmosis. Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) was used to detect the presence of anti Toxoplasma IgM and IgG antibodies and detect the levels of thyroid hormones. The study showed Toxoplasma antibody types in relation to patient gender, especially 61.1% of IgG was critical to females including pregnant and non pregnant and 38.8% of the same type of antibodies within males and 6.6 % of IgM was critical to females including pregnant and non pregnant. Also 2.2% of the same type of antibodies within males
OBJECTIVE: Limited surveys and anecdotal data indicate that trachoma is endemic in the states of Eastern Equatoria and Upper Nile in southern Sudan. However, its magnitude and geographical distribution are largely unknown. We conducted surveys to ascertain the prevalence and geographical distribution of trachoma, and to identify targets for control interventions. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional surveys were conducted in nine sites in southern Sudan between September 2001 and June 2004.
Emergency response for the immediate needs of the flood-affected farmers and livestock owners in Khartoum and other Northern states (Khartoum, White Nile, North Kordofan and River Nile states) ...
Sudan People Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from "Sudan People Stats, NationMaster." 1950-2100. ,,.. Sudan People Stats, NationMaster, ,, [assessed 1950-2100]. "Sudan People Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1950-2100. Avaliable from: ,,.. "Sudan People Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: Assessed 1950-2100.. "Sudan People Stats, NationMaster," (assessed 1950-2100). "Sudan People Stats", NationMaster, (last visited 1950-2100). "Sudan People Stats", NationMaster, (as of 1950-2100). ...
General Surgeon: The University unit of Surgery, Khartoum Teaching Hospital 1994. - Surgeon: Paediatric surgery units, Khartoum Teaching Hospital a..
Industry and infrastructure in landlocked South Sudan are severely underdeveloped and poverty is widespread, following several decades of civil war with the north. Subsistence agriculture provides a living for the vast majority of the population. Property rights are tentative and price signals are missing because markets are not well organized. South Sudan has little infrastructure - just 60 km of paved roads. Electricity is produced mostly by costly diesel generators and running water is scarce. The government spends large sums of money to maintain a large army; delays in paying salaries have resulted in riots by unruly soldiers. Ethnic conflicts have resulted in a large number of civilian deaths and displacement. South Sudan depends largely on imports of goods, services, and capital from the north. Despite these disadvantages, South Sudan does have abundant natural resources. South Sudan produces nearly three-fourths of the former Sudans total oil output of nearly a half million barrels per ...
In follow-up of its statement of 12 June 2017 on the outbreak of cholera epidemic in Sudan, the Darfur Relief and Documentation Centre (DRDC) once again rings the alarm bell about the growing health risks facing thousands of vulnerable communities in many parts of Sudan. The ongoing cholera epidemic dates back to August 2016, when hundreds of cases of infections with cholera bacterium "Vibrio Cholerae" were confirmed in the Blue Nile and Sennar States. Numerous sources including the US Embassy in Khartoum confirmed the outbreak of cholera epidemic in Sudan. According to the government records more than 18,000 cases of "acute watery diarrhoea" - which is the symptom of cholera - were confirmed in 16 out of Sudans 18 States, including the White Nile, Blue Nile, Khartoum, Sennar, North, South and West Kordofan, River Nile, Northern State, Gedarif, Kassala, Red Sea, Gezira and East, West, South and North Darfur States. Independent medical sources in Sudan estimate that at least 25,000 people have ...
Background: CD34 a 110- to 115-Kda transmembrane sialoglyco pro- V twin, is expressed by early hematopoietic (myeloid and lymphoid) progenitor cells, endothelial cells, murine embryonic fibroblasts, and bone marrow (BM) stromal cells and their precursors. CD34 expression has great importance in diagnosis, classification and management of acute leukemia. Aim of the study: To evaluate the expression of CD34 (percentage and meanfluorescence intensity) in Sudanese patient with acuteleukemia. Materials and Methods: This is descriptive cross-sectional study, conducted in Flowcytometry centre in Khartoum state, 50 new cases of acute leukemia analyzed by flowcytometry for CD34expression. The flowcytometery lysing procedure for bone marrow aspiration and peripheral blood monoclonal antibody combination was done as the follows: All tubes were labeled then pipette into each tube 20 µL of CD34 monoclonal antibody and added 100 µL of sample containing no more than 1 x 104 leukocytes / ml. The tubes were ...
3 April 2014, JUBA, South Sudan - The Government of Japan has contributed US$ 4.4 million to UNICEF to support life-saving humanitarian interventions throughout South Sudan, with a focus on conflict-affected states. Mr. Takeshi Akamatsu, Ambassador of Japan stated "UNICEF is a trusted partner of the Government of Japan and we know that the funds we provided will make a crucial difference for conflict affected children and women after the crisis that broke out in mid-December 2013. I am very proud of giving this assistance.". Since 2009, the Government of Japan has been UNICEF South Sudans largest government donor in the area of humanitarian assistance, with contributions so far totalling more than US$51 million to support emergency responses that include health, nutrition, education and child protection services and the provision of clean water and sanitation facilities to communities throughout South Sudan.. "UNICEF South Sudan is grateful to the people of Japan for their continuous support to ...
For all the SGWEPs successes so far, dracunculiasis cannot be eradicated from Sudan until Sudans civil war is ended. (With an incubation period of two weeks or less, and a vaccine, it may be possible to eradicate polio from Sudan before the war ends, but it will be hard to prove it. Smallpox was eradicated during Sudans brief decade of peace.) We estimate that it will take 3-5 years to completely eradicate dracunculiasis in Sudan once the war is settled. Until then, the actual and potential costs to Sudan, its neighbors, and supporters of the eradication campaign will be substantial. They include the costs (now about US$2 million per year) to maintain the program in Sudan; costs of maintaining surveillance to detect cases exported from southern Sudan to northern Sudan and to neighboring countries; costs if an undetected case re-establishes transmission in Ethiopia, for example; and the costs of maintaining WHOs International Commission for the Certification of Dracunculiasis Eradication for ...
Scores of Sudanese children dying from diarrhea at refugee camps. Your Black World. Large numbers of Sudanese people are dying in a refugee camp near the South Sudan. As many as four children are dying each day at the Batil camp. Over 170,000 people have left for camps in South Sudan after fighting began north of the border.. "What we are seeing here in this camp in nothing short of a humanitarian catastrophe," Helen Patterson, medical coordinator for Medecins Sans Frontieres.. Most of those whove died in the camp are children under the age of five.. ...
Um-Jingir is a fermented indigenous Sudanese food product made mainly from cooked grinded pearl millet to which sugar, yogurt, lemon and salt will be added upon serving. It is vended by women and widely consumed by workers in industrial areas in Khartoum State, Sudan. Sixty samples of Um-Jingir were randomly collected from vending women near industrial areas in Khartoum State over a period of three months from 21st of May to 5th of September 2007. The study was focused on determining the bacteriological quality and safety of street vended Um-Jingir. Microbial analysis resulted in aerobic plate counts from 3 ×104 to 3.5×107 colony forming unit (cfu)/ml, while MacConkeys agar counts ranged from 2×102 to 2.7 ×103 cfu/ml and mannitol salt agar growth of about 2×102 to 1.6×103 cfu/ ml. Total coliforms ranged from 3 to 1400 MPN/100 ml. Bacillus ...
British explorer Samuel BAKER established the colony of Equatoria in 1870, in the name of the Ottoman Khedive of Egypt who claimed the territory. Headquartered in Gondokoro (near modern day Juba), Equatoria in theory composed most of what is now South Sudan. After being cut off from colonial administration during the Mahdist War from 1885-1898, Equatoria was made a state under the Anglo-Egyptian condominium in 1899. It was largely left to itself over the following decades, but Christian missionaries converted much of the population and facilitated the spread of English, rather than Arabic. Equatoria was ruled by British colonial administrators separately from what is now Sudan until the two colonies were combined at the 1947 Juba Conference, as part of British plans to prepare the region for independence. When Sudan gained its independence in 1956, it was with the understanding that the southerners would be able to participate fully in the political system. When the Arab Khartoum government ...
The Carter Center partners with Emory Universitys Institute of Developing Nations for a speaker series focused on current issues and ongoing challenges to peace and stability in Sudan and South Sudan.. Watch past events in the series ,. Prominent leaders from Sudan and South Sudan have come together twice this spring to discuss how to strengthen peace and create a lasting understanding between the two countries. Meetings held in Zanzibar and Kenya were the first in a series of nongovernmental dialogues sponsored by The Carter Center to take place over the next year, in partnership with the Future Studies Center in Khartoum and the Ebony Center for Strategic Studies in Juba.. The Center has brought together key civil society leaders, policymakers, and academics in a process facilitated by General Lazaro Sumbeiywo, chief mediator of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement.. "Its only through dialogue and contact that we can move participants from their positions of not trusting each other to one ...
The level of knowledge and the attitude of dentists regarding radiation safety will have a direct impact on patient exposure to radiation. Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of dentists regarding radiation safety in government dental clinics in Khartoum, Sudan. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study using an administered structured questionnaire was carried out. The questionnaire consisted of 13 questions that included the demographic data of dentists, basic knowledge regarding radiation safety, knowledge of methods of dose reduction and the attitude of dentists regarding radiation safety. One hundred and sixty seven dental practitioners participated in the study. Results: The response rate was 90%. The majority were female, 59%, in the age group younger than 29 years with clinical experience less than 10 years. Only fifteen of the respondents identified themselves as specialist. Half of the respondents did not know that the thyroid gland is the ...
Yesterday, the US Special Envoy to Sudan Donald Booth held talks in Khartoum with TMC Chairman Abdelfattah El Burhan on the latest developments between the junta and the FFC regarding the efforts to reach a deal under which a civilian-led transitional government would be formed.
Health sector recovery in post-conflict settings presents an opportunity for reform: analysis of policy processes can provide useful lessons. The case of southern Sudan is assessed through interviews, a literature review, and by drawing on the experience of former technical advisors to the Ministry of Health. In the immediate post-conflict phase, the health system in Southern Sudan was characterised by fragmentation, low coverage of health services, dismal health outcomes and limited government capacity.. Health policy was extensively shaped by the interplay of context, actors and processes: the World Bank and the World Health Organization became the primary drivers of policy change. Lessons learned from the southern Sudan case include the need for: sustained investment in assessment and planning of recovery activities; building of procurement capacity early in the recovery process; support for funding instruments that can disburse resources rapidly; and streamlining the governance structures ...
Fighting that started Dec. 15 has left thousands of people dead and forced at least 860,000 more to flee their homes, according to the United Nations. Tuesdays clashes probably wont derail peace talks that resumed last week, U.S. Special Envoy to Sudan and South Sudan Donald Booth said in a interview.. "Theres been continued fighting so I wouldnt characterize this as one event that could tip things," he said. "This needs to be brought to a halt to facilitate not only the delivery of humanitarian assistance but to getting on to addressing the root causes of the problem.". Clashes started in South Sudan after President Salva Kiir accused former Vice President Riek Machar, whom he fired in July, of leading a failed coup. The ensuing violence pitted members of Kiirs ethnic Dinka community against Machars Nuer group.. South Sudanese army spokesman PhilipAguer demanded that regional mediators working to help end the conflict in South Sudan deal with rebels violation of the cease-fire.. "Theyve ...
Microscopic examination using Giemsa-stained thick blood films remains the reference standard for detection of malaria parasites and it is the only method that is widely and practically available for quantifying malaria parasite density. There are few published data (there was no study during pregnancy) investigating the parasite density (ratio of counted parasites within a given number of microscopic fields against counted white blood cells (WBCs) using actual number of WBCs. Parasitaemia was estimated using assumed WBCs (8,000), which was compared to parasitaemia calculated based on each womans WBCs in 98 pregnant women with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria at Medani Maternity Hospital, Central Sudan. The geometric mean (SD) of the parasite count was 12,014.6 (9,766.5) and 7,870.8 (19,168.8) ring trophozoites /μl, P |0.001 using the actual and assumed (8,000) WBC count, respectively. The median (range) of the ratio between the two parasitaemias (using assumed/actual WBCs) was 1.5 (0.6-5),
So, is there any way South Sudan can survive?. To be very honest, the best way forward would be to rid South Sudan of these incompetent puppets, and head towards a merger with Sudan.. South Sudan is nothing more than a blunder, and the longer this joke of a country stays in existence, the worse things will get for its inhabitants. At the end of the day, in any civil war and social unrest, the civilians are the ones that suffer the most, and South Sudans case is no exception. As such, efforts should be made to reconcile and merge South Sudan with Sudan.. Just in case ego prevails over sanity and a merger is not acceptable, the next best route would be to initiate the peace process with Sudan as a mediator. Like it or not: Sudan knows South Sudan better than anyone else, be it UK, USA, Russia, China, or even its own African neighbors. As such, any body that is created to sort out the crisis in South Sudan should include Sudan as a member.. That said, the time to act is now. In the past four ...
WFPs Ahnna Gudmunds reports from Jamam refugee camp in the South Sudans Upper Nile State. "Tens of thousands of people have arrived here in the last few months fleeing the on-going conflict in Blue Nile State in Sudan. This is one of many places in South Sudan where WFP is providing life-saving assistance to the most vulnerable people". ...
... BMI View: Over the coming years, - Market research report and industry analysis - 9968526
March 6, 2012 (KHARTOUM) - Two protests broke out in the Sudanese capital Khartoum on Tuesday after a woman was killed by police. FILE - This March 2012 photo shows the protest in Al-Deim area in central Khartoum over the killing of (...) ...
There is growing concern among aid agencies about the health of about 170,000 Sudanese refugees in camps and informal settlements in South Sudan.. The UN Refugee agency (UNHCR) says the refugees are living in overcrowded conditions without clean water and basic sanitation services which cause respiratory tract infections, diarrhoea and malaria.. Children in the camps are also severely malnourished as their mothers or other care givers are often too sick and weak to look after them properly.. UNHCR spokesperson Adrian Edwards says over 200 community health promoters have been signed up to assist in educating the refugees on good hygiene practices.. "UNHCR and its partners have this month launched an extensive health and hygiene outreach programme. We are putting particular emphasis on good basic hygiene trying to impress upon refugees the importance of fundamentals like hand-washing, collecting water in clean buckets and jerry-cans and not defecating in the open. We are continuing to build ...
United States aid to Sudan has three key objectives: a definitive end to conflict, gross human rights abuses, and genocide in Darfur; implementation of the north-south Comprehensive Peace Agreement that results in a peaceful post-2011 Sudan, or an orderly path toward two separate and viable states at peace with each other; and ensuring that Sudan does not provide a safe haven for international terrorist. Sudan has experienced two civil wars since 1955, the second of which lasted 22 years. During this time, the U.S. was the largest provider of foreign aid to Sudan, largely focused on humanitarian aid through the U.S. Agency for International Development. Sudan is listed as the U.S. governments highest priority in Africa due to "its importance for counter-terrorism and regional stability, as well as the magnitude of human rights and humanitarian abuses" U.S. foreign aid to Sudan has begun to see some positive indicators of performance although critical reaction has said that aid to Sudan is ...
During the week, there was an increased level of attacks against the humanitarian community in Darfur. WFP alone reported about eight ambushes by armed men on WFP food convoys in the region. In some cases, food was looted and money was extorted from the drivers who were harassed and beaten. The recurring attacks are hampering food deliveries along insecure routes, and have led to the suspension of food deliveries to East Jebbel Marra area in South Darfur. Flash flooding after heavy rains in July have inundated parts of Sudan, with eastern Sudan the most affected. Government reports indicate that over 90,000 people have been displaced/affected, while needs assessments estimate that some 50,000 people require emergency food assistance. WFP has started food distributions to 27,000 people in Kassala and White Nile states in eastern Sudan, and to 11,000 people in Unity and Upper Nile states in southern Sudan. Flooding threat Weather forecasts predict that many parts of Sudan still face further ...
The dispute in South Sudan has been noted by rights violations and attacks on civilians PHOTO: AFP GENEVA: South Sudan lets fighters rape women as payment, a UN rights bureau pronounced Friday, describing a nation as "one of a many horrible tellurian rights situations in a world.". "The comment group perceived information that a armed militias… who lift out attacks together with a SPLA (South Sudanese army) dedicate violations underneath an agreement of do what we can and take what we can," a rights bureau pronounced in a new report.. Women hold as sex slaves in South Sudan rape camps. "Most of a girl therefore also raided cattle, stole personal property, raped and abducted women and girls as a form of payment," a news added.. In a report, a UN tellurian rights bureau embellished a harrowing design of civilians suspected of ancillary a opposition, including children, being burnt alive, suffocated in shipping containers, hanged from trees and cut to pieces.. UN tellurian rights arch Zeid ...
Weather History for Khartoum, - Get Weather History data by the day, week, month, or year with details like temperature, humidity, wind, etc. on Weather Underground.
BY: Col. (Rtd). Wani Tombe Lako Lokitari, RSS, MAR/29/29/2014, SSN;. Whether people like it or not, Equatoria is always the political game-changer in the politics of South Sudan (SS). Those who argue that Equatoria must become an innocent and unconcerned spectator while history and the political roadmap of SS are being redone, are gravely mistaken. Others must not confuse the protection of their constitutional posts, with commensurate financial and other privileges, with the selfless struggle for the comprehensive interests of the downtrodden and poverty ridden peoples of SS.. There are some Equatorians holding constitutional posts and other menial constitutional jobs in the presidency, the states, and other ministries in Juba, who think that because they are happy as individuals and families, and therefore by implication, the rest of Equatoria are also happy. These detached Equatorian constitutional and other post holders in the Sovereign Republic of South Sudan (SRSS) are but selfish others. ...
Sudans President Omar al-Bashir and South African President Thabo Mbeki have been holding talks in Capetown to discuss the deteriorating situation in Darfur and the deployment of additional peacekeeping troops there. Sudanese officials want South Africa to contribute troops to the force. VOAs Scott Bobb reports from Johannesburg. Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir and South African President Thabo Mbeki held talks Tuesday on efforts to speed up deployment of international peacekeepers to the troubled Darfur region in western Sudan. Mr.
Sudan is keen on strengthening relations with Egypt and Eritrea, political secretary of the party Obaidallah Mohamed said. "Relations are tense with Egypt in the meantime, but have not reached the point of shutting down crossings", he told Sputnik news agency.. "Sudan is working with great interest to recover its occupied territories," said the head of the partys foreign relations committee Kamal Ismail, stressing that the Halayib area belongs to Sudan.. Sudans ambassador to Cairo Abdel Mahmoud Abdel Halim, who is currently in Khartoum, said he will meet with the Sudanese ministers of interior and defense.. He added on Tuesday that his government will decide whether he should return to Cairo or not within 48 hours. Halim said he will meet as well with Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir to discuss the issue.. The Sudanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs delivered a message to the President of of the UN Security Council Kazakhstan to renew its demand for the Halayib triangle border area to be ...
JUBA, South Sudan, 15 July 2016 - Thousands of people continue to live in United Nations displacement sites in Juba, South Sudan, after fleeing intense battles that first erupted in the city a week ago today. Despite a ceasefire that continues to hold, many are still too frightened to return home.
Why does malnutrition remain high in rural South Sudan despite humanitarian intervention? Aid for Africa Scholar Jacqueline Lauer is spending the summer months in rural South Sudan trying to find the answer.. Lauer is undertaking research in two remote areas in Warrap State in South Sudan with support from the Aid for Africa Endowment for Food and Sustainable Agriculture, a partnership between Tufts Universitys Friedman School and Aid for Africa.. According to Lauer, the humanitarian community has been supporting farming in the region with seeds and tools, but malnutrition persists. Lauer believes it is because these interventions have not addressed the root causes of malnutrition. "In order to understand these root causes, it is necessary to have a better understanding of food habits at both the household and community level," she said. ...
Jul 2014 Dr. Sue Lautze, FAO Representative in South Sudan and the UNs Deputy Humanitarian Coordinator explains the four types of emergency livelihood kit that FAO is distributing to communities affected by the crisis in South Sudan that begun with the outbreak of conflict in December 2013.. The kits contain portable, essential inputs for the four different livelihood systems in the conflict affected states and include vegetable seeds, crop seeds and tools, animal health equipment and fishing inputs. The kits have been reaching affected communities by truck, airlift and airdrop, and will enable farmers to plant and harvest staple crops and nutritious vegetables, fisherfolk to catch fish and feed their families and herders to protect the health of their livestock as they migrate between grazing areas.. As part of the UNs Crisis Response Plan for 2014, FAO is appealing for USD 108 million to support 3.3 million people in South Sudan. If adequately funded, FAOs support will help mitigate the ...
May 24, 2012 (KHARTOUM) - Nearly 40 students undergoing military training as part of mandatory national service in Sudans northern Nile River (...)
I want to assure you that the United Nations stands with the people of South Sudan at this difficult time. We know many of you are suffering from horrific attacks. Families are fleeing their homes. Many of you have lost loved ones and are grieving. Innocent civilians are being targeted because of their ethnicity. This is a grave violation of human rights. South Sudan is under threat, but South Sudan is not alone.. ...
Dr. Andrew Balfouer, a Scottish physician and the first director of the Wellcome Tropical Research Laboratory in Khartoum (1903-1913) was the first to report on a case of mycetoma in the Sudan in 1904. Dr. Balfour noted that the disease was common amongst Northern Sudanese, that the foot was affected most and that the commonest type was the black grain variety.. The first case from Southern Sudan was reported in 1908 from Borr, in the Upper Nile Province by Dr. Chris Morley Wenyon, the eminent London microbiologist when he was the Travelling Pathologist of the Sudan government.. Extensive studies of two causal organisms were carried out by Dr. Albert Chalmers, Director of the Wellcome Tropical Research Laboratories (1913-1920), together with Captain R.G. Archibald, pathologist, and Dr. J.B. Christopherson, Director of Khartoum and Omdurman Civil Hospitals.They carried out valuable systemic mycological and pathological studies of the causal organisms. Chalmers and Archibald gave quite an ...
Cardiovascular disease is stabilizing in high-income countries and has continued to rise in low-to-middle-income countries. Association of lipid profile with lipoprotein lipase gene was studied in case and control subject. The family history, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking and alcohol consumption were the most risk factors for early-onset of coronary heart disease (CHD). Sudanese patients had significantly (P , 0.05) lower TC and LDL-C levels compared to controls. Allele frequency of LPL D9N, N291S and S447X carrier genotype was 4.2%, 30.7% and 7.1%, respectively. We conclude that lipoprotein lipase polymorphism was not associated with the incidence of CHD in Sudan. ª 2015 Published by Elsevier Ltd. on behalf of Ministry of Health, Saudi ...
BACKGROUND: Blindness and low vision are thought to be common in southern Sudan. However, the magnitude and geographical distribution are largely unknown. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of blindness and low vision, identify the main causes of blindness and low vision, and estimate targets for blindness prevention programs in Mankien payam (district), southern Sudan. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A cross-sectional survey of the population aged 5 y and above was conducted in May 2005 using a two-stage cluster random sampling with probability proportional to size.
The government understands that creating a healthy population is not just a moral imperative, but it is also a means to achieving broader development goals. "One of the reasons for all those long years of fighting in the first place is all the inequities in the distribution of wealth in the country," said Mary ONeil, a Principal Program Associate who worked on the Capacity Project in Southern Sudan. Indeed, a guiding principle of the national health policy states, "Health is both a social and economic asset that shall be invested in and prioritized by the Government of Southern Sudan." Health policy stresses decentralization, and the government intends to make its presence visible to people throughout the country. Access to health care, however, remains a formidable problem, with only an estimated 30 percent of the population using health services, the bulk of which are offered by international relief agencies ...
UN officials say that for years Blue Nile and South Kordofan have been no-go areas for aid officials, leaving thousands of people without access to humanitarian relief.. In a statement, the ICRC said it had "facilitated the release and repatriation of 125 people".. The agency said it had transported the released prisoners from South Sudan to Entebbe in Uganda and onward to Sudan.. "The entire transfer operation took place over four days," the ICRC said, adding that it had followed a request from Kampala, Khartoum, Juba and the SPLM-N.. "We are very pleased that these people will finally return to their families," the ICRCs head of delegation in Sudan, Gerard Peytrignet, said.. - No bad treatment -. Speaking to AFP, SPLM-N Secretary General Yasir Arman described the prisoners release as a humanitarian gesture of goodwill, "to bring happiness to their families".. Mohamed Saied Hassan of the Sudanese foreign ministry told a press conference that 19 of the men were civilian miners caught up in ...
The GFMP succeeded in scaling up family medicine training in Sudan by recruiting 207 candidates who were providing health services in 158 health centres, 84 of which (53%) had never been served by a doctor before the project.. Recruitment of doctors to join family medicine training programmes in developing countries has been a major challenge [19, 20]. This was not the case in the GFMP. One third of the candidates were graduated from the University of Gezira followed by one tenth from the nearby University of Khartoum. This reflects the role of the local universities in developing its surrounding communities by being the main provider of health-care personnel for the area.. Distance to the nearest main hospital reflects the rural nature of Gezira state, including widespread population, inadequate insurance coverage, and limited accessibility to health services. However, in the rainy season transportation of patients over even rather short distances may be hindered by flooding canals and ...
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has sacked the commander of a peacekeeping force in South Sudan following a damning report that accused the blue helmets of failing to protect civilians during an outbreak of violence in July.. The report from a UN special investigation found that a lack of leadership in the UN mission, known as UNMISS, culminated in a « chaotic and ineffective response » during the heavy fighting in the capital Juba from July 8 to 11 that killed dozens of people.. Peacekeepers from. China, India, Ethiopia and Nepal. abandoned their posts and failed to respond to pleas for help from aid workers under attack in Terrain Hotel. , less than a mile from a UN compound.. Around 12,000 UNMISS peacekeepers were in the country at the time.. Bans spokesman, Stephane Dujarric, said the UN chief had « asked for the immediate replacement of the force commander », Lieutenant-General Johnson Mogoa Kimani Ondieki.. READ MORE: South Sudan - A country captured by armed factions. Al Jazeeras ...
The SSLM was formed in the context of widespread factional fighting among the Western Nuer ethnic group of Unity, South Sudan, who had signed a peace treaty with the government on 21 April 1997. The pro-government SSDF militia, comprising a large number of Nuer, had divided into warring factions led by Riek Machar and Paulino Matip. As Riek was being defeated, opposing government-aligned militias attacked civilians around the oilfields in South Sudan, causing a stream of Nuer refugees to flee towards SPLA-controlled Bahr al-Ghazal for protection. At least two previously pro-government Nuer militias aligned themselves with the SPLA, while the few Nuer loyal to the politically weakened Riek began to abandon the governments cause. The fact that Nuer refugees were being protected by the Dinka-dominated SPLA led to an unusual conference in Wunlit, sponsored by the New Sudan Council of Churches and the safety of which was guaranteed by the SPLA. Groups of Western Nuer and Dinka from Tonj, Rumbek and ...
Fighting broke out when rebels allied with ousted vice president Riek Machar attacked several government sites. President Salva Kiir removed Machar and dismissed all cabinet ministers from office in July.. Hostilities expanded throughout the country for five weeks, leaving as many as 10,000 people dead, and the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center reported 468,000 people were displaced as of Jan. 16.. In their statement, the AMECEA bishops from Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia expressed solidarity with their brother bishops in South Sudan, saying that "we feel with them and join them in their sorrow.". The bishops called for ongoing talks to settle differences across political and ethnic lines.. "As church leaders, we believe that true peace can only be made possible through dialogue, forgiveness and reconciliation. At the same time, we are aware that these three do not eliminate the need for justice and as well they do not block the path to ...
Government troops in South Sudan have been advancing on the town of Bor, a city which had been taken over by rebels led by Riek Machar, a former vice president who the government now accuses of instigating a coup. Meanwhile, talks have been taking place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in the hopes of reaching a ceasefire agreement. Well get an update on the situation in South Sudan from Kenneth Elisapana, founder and director of Sudan Voices of Hope for Relief and Development. (Photo:AP Photo/Mackenzie Knowles-Coursin)
Southern Sudan is rich in oil and water, while the North is largely desert. Egypt has a stake in the free flow of the Nile River through Sudan, while Western countries are keenly interested in Sudans oil reserves, estimated at between 800 million and 4 billion barrels. Fighting is now most intense around the oil fields, where numerous villages have been destroyed or abandoned. Between January and April alone, 150,000 to 300,000 civilians have been displaced from this region. The Nuba Mountains strategic location close to Sudans oil has meant that its people suffer the fate of thousands of Sudanese in the way of the oil rigs: starvation, mass removal, and death. Violations by government security forces and armed opposition groups are directed at the population living in oil fields and surrounding areas, and are an effort to control, protect or destroy the oil production capacity, notes Amnesty International in its report, Sudan: The Human Price of Oil. The main casualty of the full-scale ...
Sudan is a mix of wild and often unexplored landscapes, along with modern cities such as its capital, Khartoum, buzzing with office blocks as well as museums.. Khartoum is quite a youthful city, and was built where the Blue and White Niles merge in 1821. Past years have seen great oil revenues flow into the country, furnishing much of Khartoums glittering skyline. The countrys high-rise office blocks create an interesting juxtaposition with the citys Islamic classical architecture, which means a walk through the streets of this city will prove to be most compelling ...
Presentation on The Sudan: Last Steps in the Peace Process, with perspectives from the government of Sudan, represented by Ambassador Khidir H. Ahmed; the Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement/Army, represented by Steven Wondu; and the International Crisis Group, represented by John Prendergast, who just returned from Khartoum and Nairobi.The Sudan peace process has reached a critical juncture. Both parties and the international community are facing difficult choices, with the threat of a return to war and an escalation of pressure by the U.S. Congress looming in the background. The speakers explored the dynamics of the peace process as well as the regional and international context in which it is situated.The session will be moderated by Dr. Howard Wolpe, Director of the Africa Project at the Woodrow Wilson Center.
Sudan[edit]. *Sudan University of Science and Technology, (Khartuom)[152]. *Karary University, (Omdurman)[153] ...
Sudan[edit]. Fava beans are one of the most widely consumed foods in Sudan. For most Sudanese they form the main dish during ...
Sudan[edit]. Although from the 1950s to the early 1990s, Sudan accounted for roughly 80% of gum arabic production, today, that ... While acacia gum has been harvested in Arabia, Sudan, and West Asia since antiquity, sub-Saharan acacia gum has a long history ... According to the Washington Post, a reporter then asked if Sudan was threatening to "stop the export of gum arabic and bring ... Sudan, Chad, and Nigeria, which in 2007 together produced 95% of world exports, have been in discussions to create a producers ...
Sudan[edit]. In Sudan, where 97% of the population is Muslim,[44] preparations for Eid begin the last couple of days in Ramadan ... "About Sudan". United Nations Development Programme. 9 January 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2013.. ...
Sudan staining[edit]. Sudan staining is the use of Sudan dyes to stain sudanophilic substances, usually lipids. Sudan III, ... Sudan IV, Oil Red O, Osmium tetroxide, and Sudan Black B are often used. Sudan staining is often used to determine the level of ...
South Sudan[edit]. The University of Juba, University of Bahr El-Ghazal and Upper Nile University in South Sudan awards the ... Sudan[edit]. All Sudanese medical schools award the MBBS.[citation needed] Syria[edit]. The higher education in Syria provides ... Sudan, Tanzania, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, Ukraine, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, Vanatu, Zambia and ...
Sudan Yellow a3G, also known as Solvent Yellow 16, C.I. disperse yellow and C.I. 12700, is a yellow azo dye. Chemically it is 4 ... Sudan Yellow 3G is used as a pigment in cosmetics and printer toners, and as a dye in inks, including inks for inkjet printers ... Retrieved from "" ...
SUDAN AND SLAVERY. all of you need is Slavery in Sudan that discusses it in detail. Construct something encyclopedic on sudan ... Slavery in the Sudan predates Islam, but continued under Islamic rulers and has never completely died out in Sudan ... The topic is African Slave Trade not Islam in Sudan or Islamic rulers, the topic is SLAVERY and SUDAN, who are these Islamic ... In the Sudan, Christian captives in the ongoing civil war are often enslaved, and female prisoners are often used sexually, ...
South Sudan[edit]. The Criminal Code of South Sudan has laws against maltreatment of animals. The laws read:[92] ...
South Sudan[edit]. Main article: Religion in South Sudan. A Infinite Insight survey, commissioned by WIN-Gallup International, ... conducted from 5 November 2012, to 6 December 2012, found that 6% of South Sudan were "convinced atheists."[55] ...
It occurred between June and November 1976 in Nzara, South Sudan[36][149] (then part of Sudan), and was caused by Sudan virus ( ... SUDV). The Sudan outbreak infected 284 people and killed 151. The first identifiable case in Sudan occurred on 27 June in a ... The Sudan variant was responsible for both outbreaks.[1] On 17 August 2012, the Ministry of Health of the Democratic Republic ... "Ebola haemorrhagic fever in Sudan, 1976" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 October 2014. Retrieved 8 October 2014. ...
The ideology of the party is unusual in the European context. Unlike many other large parties in Europe its ideology is not primarily based on economic systems. Rather the ideas of humanity, education, the spirit of the land, peasant-like freedom, decentralisation, "the issue of poor people", environmentalism and progressivism play a key role in Centrist politician speeches and writings.[8] From the very beginning of its presence, the party has supported the idea of decentralisation.[8]. Despite belonging to the Liberal International, the Centre Party does not play quite the same role in Finnish politics as do liberal parties in other countries, because the party evolved from agrarian roots.. The party has a more conservative wing, and prominent conservatives within the party, such as Paavo Väyrynen, have criticised overt economic and social liberalism.[21] In addition, in 2010 the party congress voted to oppose same-sex marriage.[22] When the Finnish Parliament voted on same-sex marriage in ...
Sudan. Sudanese Air Force. Syria. Syrian Air Force. Turkmenistan. Military of Turkmenistan. Uzbekistan. Military of Uzbekistan ...
He became manager of the Sudan national team in February 2009.[10] After leaving Sudan he managed in the Cypriot domestic ... his family were living in Cyprus while he was coaching in Sudan.[4] ... "Exclusive: Sudan Appoint Stephen Constantine As National Coach". Retrieved 30 December 2014 ...
Sudan. 38. 19.8. 5.5. 2009 Suriname. 38. 15.5. 5.9. 1999 Swaziland. 38. 40.6. 16.. 2010 ...
Sudan TRT Trans Arabian Air Transport TRANS ARABIAN Sudan TRU Triangle Airline (Uganda) TRI AIR Uganda ...
Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). *National Union for Total Independence of Angola (UNITA, in Second War) ...
The 2012-15 unrest in Romania refers to a prolonged period of civil unrest and political scandals in Romania, which took magnitude after the second half of the 2000s. The wave of civil demonstrations started in January 2012, once with the introduction of a new health reform legislation. The protests were fueled by the austerity measures applied in May 2010, but also by the unpopularity of Băsescu-backed Boc government. The demonstrations were characterized by widespread rioting and acts of vandalism. The political situation precipitated, so Prime Minister Emil Boc decided to step down on 6 February 2012.. In the first six months of the year, three governments have been changed. The summer of 2012 was marked by a large-scale political crisis, fed by accusations of plagiarism to PSD-backed Prime Minister Victor Ponta and culminating with the suspension of President Traian Băsescu. Although the presidential impeachment referendum showed that over 80% of the voters wanted his dismissal, the ...
Sudan Tribune. "Sudan's Merowe requests to stop excavating reservoir area".. *^ National Geographic News. "Ancient Gold Center ... Merowe, Sudan. Coordinates. 18°40′08″N 32°03′01″E / 18.66889°N 32.05028°E / 18.66889; 32.05028Coordinates: 18°40′08″N 32°03′ ... List of power stations in Sudan. References[edit]. *^ "Power Plant". Merowe Dam Implementation Unit. Retrieved 22 June 2011.. . ... This corresponds to about 8% of the total amount of water allocated to Sudan in the Nile Waters Treaty.[citation needed] ...
The movement is the largest member of the March 14 Alliance, which lost a majority of the seats in the 2018 parliamentary elections. The party was officially founded in August 2007, yet it was only declared on April 5, 2009, in a convention held at the BIEL convention center in Beirut. The Future Movement is economically liberal and officially secular, though it is primarily affiliated with the Sunni Muslim sect.[2] The party is a full member of the Liberal International.[3] ...
In March 1944, the police department of the Federal District in Rio de Janeiro was transformed into the "Departamento Federal de Segurança Pública" (Federal Department of Public Safety), or DFSP. The aim was to create a police with jurisdiction in the whole country, not just in its original state. Despite its name change, initially the DFSP only served in the Federal District, but acted at the national level as the maritime police. In the first half of 1946, the DFSP was given national jurisdiction, especially in cases of the illegal narcotics trade and crimes against public faith, and in the interest of national finance. However, a new constitution drafted on September 18 gave states the power to meet their needs of government and administration. When the federal capital moved in 1960, the DFSP moved to Brasília, providing Guanabara State with their public security services and personnel. Due to a shortage of staff, the DFSP had to be restructured, merging its staff with another local ...
Sudan. SEN. Senegal. SGP. Singapore. SGS. South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. ...
South Sudan. 13.0. 45.5. 2009. 46.0. 2010 est. Spain. 10.3. 7.3. 36.0. 2014. 10.2. 2000. 34.0. 2011 ...
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Minority Rights Group International, World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Sudan ... Sudan has a native Coptic minority, although many Copts in Sudan are descended from more recent Egyptian immigrants.[5] Copts ... Outside of the Coptic primary area of residence within parts of present-day Egypt (Copts in Egypt), Sudan (Copts in Sudan), and ... Copts in Sudan constitute the largest Christian community in Sudan,[5] and Copts in Libya constitute the largest Christian ...
After South Sudan separated from Northern Sudan, Northern Sudan has been free of guinea worm disease since 2002 and it has been ... and 3 in Sudan (imported from South Sudan). This represents a 73% reduction over 2012. Due to civil insecurity in South Sudan, ... For many years the major focus was South Sudan (independent after 2011, formerly the southern region of Sudan), which reported ... Since 2011, at the time that South Sudan became an independent nation-state, its northern neighbour Sudan had reported no ...
... in South Sudan. The NHA is a framework for measuring total national health expenditures including public, private, and donors. ... NHA in the South Sudan context. In South Sudan, information and evidence on performance of health systems to help managers and ... South Sudan implements a road map to introduce and institutionalize National Health Accounts ... This is a key milestone for the health sector and the first of its kind to be conducted in South Sudan. ...
The name Sudan virus is derived from South Sudan (where it was first discovered before South Sudan seceded from Sudan[6]) and ... A virus of the species Sudan ebolavirus is a Sudan virus (SUDV) if it has the properties of Sudan ebolaviruses and if its ... for Sudan Ebola virus or Sudan ebolavirus). The virus received its final designation in 2010, when it was renamed Sudan virus ( ... Sudan virus (abbreviated SUDV) was first described in 1977.[4] It is the single member of the species Sudan ebolavirus, which ...
Sudan (region): the Sudan (or Soudan in French) climate region, of which French Sudan formed the western part. ... French Sudan (French: Soudan français; Arabic: السودان الفرنسي‎ as-Sūdān al-Faransī) was a French colonial territory in the ... French Sudan originally formed as a set of military outposts as an extension of the French colony in Senegal.[1] Though the ... The area was Upper River from 1880 until 18 August 1890, when it was renamed French Sudan, with its capital at Kayes. On 10 ...
Famine Roils War-Torn South Sudan. The U.N. made a formal declaration of famine in parts of South Sudan, which has been mired ... Aid Workers Under Fire in Famine-Stricken South Sudan. At least 82 aid workers have been killed since 2013 in South Sudan, the ... Harvard Graduate Arrested in South Sudan After Tweets. Peter Biar Ajak has been detained because hes a threat to South Sudans ... Famine Declared in South Sudan Region. Civil war has engulfed South Sudan since December 2013, leaving millions without food. ...
... Discover more about CDCs work in South Sudan by viewing our detailed country profilepdf icon ... South Sudan continues to face a prolonged conflict, famine, some of the worst health outcomes in the world, and an HIV response ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) collaborates closely with the Ministry of Health (MOH), South Sudan AIDS ... CDC collaborates with South Sudans Ministry of Health; its national AIDS Commission; the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, ...
South Sudan - Level 4: Do Not Travel. O K E N H U T C ... Do not travel to South Sudan due to crime, kidnapping, and ... If you decide to travel to South Sudan:. *Exercise extreme care in all parts of the country, including Juba. Travel outside of ... Review the Crime and Safety Report for South Sudan.. *U.S. citizens who travel abroad should always have a contingency plan for ... Reporting in South Sudan without the proper documentation from the South Sudanese Media Authority is considered illegal, and ...
JUBA, South Sudan (AP) - For the first time, COVID-19 has been confirmed in a crowded civilian protection camp in South Sudans ... Latest South Sudan News. UN chief renews call for global cease-fire to tackle virus. May. 22, 2020 1:41 AM EDT ... JOHANNESBURG (AP) - Hundreds of people have been killed in a new burst of intercommunal violence in South Sudan, the ... COVID-19 confirmed in crowded UN-run camp in South Sudan. May. 12, 2020 9:30 AM EDT ...
World Links: Bomb Kills 95 in Baghdad, North and South Sudan Sign Peace Deal. A roundup of links to local stories of global ... World Links: Thousands Protest Lawyer Death in Guatemala, Chad Sends Air Force into Sudan. A roundup of links to local stories ... World Links: Sovereignty Day Celebrated in Iraq, Tensions Escalate Between Sudan and Chad. A round up of links to local stories ... World Links: Irish Inquiry Finds Endemic Abuse at Catholic Institutions, Chad Troops Gather on Sudans Border. A roundup of ...
Lul Reik, MD, Ministry of Health, Government of South Sudan. Abdinasir Abubakar, MD, South Sudan, World Health Organization, ... Nodding Syndrome - South Sudan, 2011. In November 2010, the Ministry of Health of the proposed nation of South Sudan requested ... Ministry of Health, Government of Southern Sudan. Nodding disease/syndrome. In: Neglected tropical disease in Southern Sudan. ... Godwin Mindra, MD, South Sudan, United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF). James Sejvar, MD, Div of High-Consequence Pathogens ...
Yellow fever in Sudan. 21 November 2005 The Federal Ministry of Health reported to WHO an outbreak of yellow fever in the South ... Emergency response to yellow fever outbreak in Sudan. Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean ... and accepted by the International Coordinating Group and 1.7 million doses of yellow fever vaccine will be arriving in Sudan ...
English news from the Voice of America. VOA news provides coverage from around the world and learning English lessons from VOA Special English.
... is a 30-minute weekday English-language broadcast/internet program covering rapidly changing developments ... in the new nation of South Sudan and the region. ... South Sudan in Focus is a 30-minute weekday English-language ... broadcast/internet program covering rapidly changing developments in the new nation of South Sudan and the region. ...
Sudans Internet Outage Sudanese authorities shut down the Internet around the same time that they violently broke up an ... PERALTA: The military junta running Sudan says it shut down the Internet because it was being used by activists to plan a coup ... The entire country of Sudan has now been without Internet for 13 days. The government has shut down all mobile Internet and ...
World news about South Sudan. Breaking news and archival information about its people, politics and economy from The New York ... World news about South Sudan. Breaking news and archival information about its people, politics and economy from The New York ... We Witnessed South Sudans Anguish Our reporters went to South Sudan and found that the worlds newest nation has not turned ... We Witnessed South Sudans Anguish Our reporters went to South Sudan and found that the worlds newest nation has not turned ...
U.S.-Sudan Relations The U.S. established diplomatic relations with Sudan in 1956, following its independence from joint ... The U.S. and Sudan have a small amount of bilateral trade. Sudan is a member of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern ... U.S. policy in Sudan is focused on ensuring that Sudan does not provide support to or a safe haven for international terrorists ... The U.S. played a key role in helping negotiate the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement between Sudan and Sudan Peoples ...
FAO emergency response activities in South Sudan - FAO is helping to strengthen food security and build sustainable, ... South Sudan. Tags: SOUTH SUDAN, SOUTH SUDAN CRISIS, EASTERN AFRICA, COUNTRY BACKGROUND, DROUGHT, FAMINE, FAMINE PREVENTION AND ... Netherlands provides $6 million to FAO to address severe hunger and build resilience in South Sudan. ... Efforts in South Sudan to fight Fall armyworm, an insect that destroys crops, have received a boost thanks to the Government of ...
In the Darfur region of western Sudan, Arab-dominated militias are violently taking over land and water resources used by ... This week, Secretary of State Colin Powell visited Sudan, the site of a raging humanitarian crisis that has already taken ... But that accord has been soured in the face of the outbreak of Sudans second conflict in the western region of Darfur. There, ... The United States and the United Nations must be actively engaged in solving the Sudan crisis. But both should allow, to the ...
Thousands of children were victims of the civil war in Sudan in the late 1980s. Large groups of them were orphaned or separated ... Lost Girls of Sudan Thousands of children were victims of the civil war in Sudan in the late 1980s. Large groups of them were ... Thousands of children were victims of the civil war in Sudan in the late 1980s. Large groups of them were orphaned or separated ... Cohen also speaks with Charisse Jones, who wrote about the lost girls of Sudan for a cover story in USA Today. ...
... silhouette appears on the wall while another one pauses in the southern Sudanese Bentiu the south Sudan on the second day of a ... landmark independence referendum, bringing south Sudan a step closer to becoming the world's newest state. ... A member of Sudan People's Liberation Movement's (SPLM) ... A member of Sudan Peoples Liberation Movements (SPLM) silhouette appears on the wall while another one pauses in the southern ...
Beijing is courting the secessionist government of oil-rich southern Sudan, an apparent departure from Beijings decades-long ... JUBA, Sudan-China is courting the secessionist government of oil-rich southern Sudan, an apparent departure from Beijings ... Sudan, after nearly constant civil war over the past five decades, is seeing tensions boil again ahead... ...
Found occurrences of Argo (Sudan) in 11 documents in the collection. Click on a column heading to sort by it, or to toggle ...
Sir Edward Ridley). You can also browse the collection for Juba (Sudan) or search for Juba (Sudan) in all documents. ...
More: South Sudan Africa Civil War Conflict facebook linkedin twitter email copy link Recommended For You Powered By Sailthru * ... But South Sudan was supposed to have moved past that point by now. Even in a moment of qualified hope, the country is showing ... South Sudans independence held out the promise of a new beginning - of one of the worlds most troubled regions plotting its ... In 1994, during Sudans decades-long north-south war, Machar and the fighters loyal to him left the SPLM and effectively ...
Eastern Sudan unity call warmly welcomed, says Beja official ... News for Sudan continually updated from thousands of sources on ... Sudan:Central Bank of Sudan Receives Loan From Turkish Company Sunday Mar 11 , , ... Sudan News. News on Sudan continually updated from thousands of sources around the net. ... South Sudan:Economy is Among the Victims of the Conflict Friday , , ...
South Sudan: A political economy analysis. O. H. Rolandsen, N. Kindersley / Norwegian Institute for International Affairs, 2017 ... South Sudan: evaluation portrait. G.M. Sørbø, Mareike Schomerus, L. Aalen / Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation - ... This brief is part of the first round (the pilot phase) focusing on South Sudan, Afghanistan and Mozambique. These were ... Emergency preparedness is addressed at the global level as well as in two different country cases: Malawi and South Sudan. ...
  • Juba, 1 December 2017 - The Ministry of Health (MoH) with support from the World Health organization (WHO) and partners has commenced the implementation of a road map to introduce and institutionalize National Health Accounts(NHA) in South Sudan. (
  • JUBA, South Sudan (AP) - For the first time, COVID-19 has been confirmed in a crowded civilian protection camp in South Sudan's capital, the United Nations said Tuesday, a worrying development in a country that's one of the world's least prepared for the virus' spread. (
  • Years of conflict have torn at the seams of Juba, South Sudan. (
  • JUBA, Sudan-China is courting the secessionist government of oil-rich southern Sudan, an apparent departure from Beijing's decades-long opposition to independence movements abroad. (
  • You can also browse the collection for Juba (Sudan) or search for Juba (Sudan) in all documents . (
  • JUBA, South Sudan (AP) - South Sudan says it is withdrawing its troops from a disputed border region with Sudan so that a demilitarized zone can be established. (
  • JUBA, South Sudan - South Sudan has suspended a United Nations radio station for allegedly refusing to comply with the country's media laws, although the station has not yet been taken off the air. (
  • JUBA, South Sudan - A 13-month-old baby and a man who was found cradling the infant were the only survivors of a cargo plane that crashed soon after taking off from a South Sudan airport, killing 37 people, a witness and relatives said Thursday. (
  • The cargo airplane that crashed after takeoff near Juba Airport in South Sudan on Nov. 4. (
  • Headquartered in Gondokoro (near modern day Juba), Equatoria in theory composed most of what is now South Sudan. (
  • Equatoria was ruled by British colonial administrators separately from what is now Sudan until the two colonies were combined at the 1947 Juba Conference, as part of British plans to prepare the region for independence. (
  • Reporting in South Sudan without the proper documentation from the South Sudanese Media Authority is considered illegal, and any journalistic work there is very dangerous. (
  • A member of Sudan People's Liberation Movement's (SPLM) silhouette appears on the wall while another one pauses in the southern Sudanese Bentiu the south Sudan on the second day of a landmark independence referendum, bringing south Sudan a step closer to becoming the world's newest state. (
  • On August 26, South Sudanese president Salva Kiir finally signed a peace agreement that will formally end nearly two years of civil war in the world's youngest nation, which gained its independence from the Republic of Sudan in 2011. (
  • Reuters Machar returned to the SPLM in 2002 after repudiating his alliance with the Sudanese government and was an important enough figure to become first vice president of an independent South Sudan in 2011. (
  • Two Iranian warships dock in the Sudanese Red Sea city of Port Sudan on Saturday. (
  • These visits by Iranian navy warships to Sudan come in the framework of routine exercises by navy forces of friendly nations," Col. Khaled Saad al-Sawarmy, the official spokesman for the Sudanese armed forces, told CNN. (
  • The last such visit came at the end of October, when a pair of Iranian warships spent four days docked in Port Sudan, according to Sudanese state media. (
  • KHARTOUM, SUDAN - Ask a Sudanese citizen what troubles him these days and he might not even mention Darfur or the International Criminal Court arrest warrant against the president. (
  • The government of Sudan called the action a "blunder" and said the factory produced everyday goods vital for the Sudanese people. (
  • After weeks of back-and-forth violence, Sudan declared a state of emergency along its border with South Sudan on Sunday, with Sudanese authorities have ordering that 12,000 ethnic South Sudanese people leave the country within a week. (
  • UNHCR reminds Sudan of its obligations under international and Sudanese law and urges the Sudanese government to refrain from forcible returns of Eritreans back to their country of origin. (
  • KHARTOUM, SUDAN-Sudanese authorities said they arrested 13 people on Thursday, including the once-powerful head of national security, on suspicion of involvement in an apparent military coup attempt. (
  • Egypt, Sudan Clash at Border as Tensions Rise : Mideast: Mubarak meets Sudanese exiles after assassination bid that he blames on extremists. (
  • Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak on Wednesday also met a delegation of Sudanese exiles who advocate overthrowing the Islamist regime that governs Sudan, although Mubarak said Egyptian troops would not participate in such an effort. (
  • To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what representations he has made to his Sudanese counterpart on recent reports of the arrest by the Sudan police of fourteen academics in that country. (
  • The UK has made frequent representations to the Government of Sudan through official engagement in Khartoum, public messaging and at Ministerial levels, urging the authorities to respect in full the right of the Sudanese people to protest. (
  • The Sudanese conflict is often mischaracterized as simply a clash of religions: Arab Muslims in the North, who control the fundamentalist Islamic government, against African Christians and animists in southern Sudan. (
  • our Sudan travel guide explores this vast, forgotten nation - ad discovers that the Sudanese smile is even warmer than its desert. (
  • Close to half (48 percent) of South Sudanese girls between 15 and 19 are married, according to the 2006 Sudan Household Health Survey. (
  • U.N. spokesman Stephane Dujarric told reporters at U.N. headquarters in New York: "Our colleagues in South Sudan are in touch with the South Sudanese authorities to clarify the situation. (
  • At a recent press conference in Moscow, Sudanese ambassador Chol Deng Alak said the 12 fighters his country purchased from Russia under a 2001 deal will ensure that Sudan isn't "an easy target" for its enemies. (
  • Sudan reaches historic crossroads Jump to media player In just over three months the southern Sudanese will vote on splitting away from Sudan, a consequence of a peace deal that ended a long north-south civil war. (
  • In just over three months the southern Sudanese will vote on splitting away from Sudan, a consequence of a peace deal that ended a long north-south civil war. (
  • I2 established a presence in Sudan in 2006, and since then it has set up two retail outlets and a distribution network for MTN - another key player in the Sudanese market - distributing top-up vouchers and Sim cards for the operator. (
  • Shortly after the court's announcement, Sudanese officials said Khartoum would not recognise the ICC's jurisdiction, and suggested the court's decision was linked to an effort to destabilise Sudan. (
  • Her house of Al Buram in the Nuba Mountains in Southern Khordofan, Sudan, was bombarded by the SAF (Sudanese Armed Forces) while she was preparing breakfast for her family. (
  • Sudanese Church of Christ after apparent razing and looting in Um Bartumbu, South Kordofan, Sudan, June 16, 2012. (
  • Northern Sudanese is Correct in saying that inflation is high in South Sudan which makes it difficult for the ordinary citizen but with a seriously devalued currency comes opportunities. (
  • The Khartoum government is predominantly Arab and, like most of the rest of the Sudan, Islamic. (
  • The oil flows through pipelines in Sudan, and Khartoum has also seen a steep drop in revenues because of the south's oil shutdown. (
  • Many people were sheltering in makeshift grass huts on hilltops, after floodwaters also cut off the main highway between east Sudan and the capital Khartoum. (
  • A fragile 48-hour ceasefire between Sudan and South Sudan was shattered Friday after the South accused Khartoum of launching an air strike on one of its oil regions. (
  • KHARTOUM (Reuters) - Sudan has established emergency prosecutors and courts nationwide, state news agency SUNA said on Tuesday, a day after President Omar al-Bashir announced sweeping new security powers to contend with months of unrest. (
  • FILE PHOTO: Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir is seen during a swearing in ceremony of new officials after he dissolved the central and state governments in Khartoum, Sudan February 24, 2019. (
  • For years, Egypt's ties with Sudan were frayed by repeated failures to reach a deal over an upstream Nile dam being built by Ethiopia , and the revival of a longstanding dispute over a border territory held by Cairo and claimed by Khartoum. (
  • The last two jets received by Sudan were delivered five months ahead of schedule, and amid continuing talk of a possible international military campaign to force the Khartoum-backed janjaweed militia to end its bloody rampage in Darfur, which has left an estimated 30,000 people dead and one million homeless. (
  • Applicants with a Bachelors degree with very high grades, who have attended University of Khartoum, Sudan University for Science and Technology, Omdurman Islamic University, University of Gezira or University of Medical Sciences and Technology, will be considered for entry to a Masters. (
  • The BBC's James Copnall reports from Khartoum in Sudan. (
  • Oil is exported through two pipelines that run to refineries and shipping facilities at Port Sudan on the Red Sea, and the 2005 oil sharing agreement with Khartoum called for a 50-50 sharing of oil revenues between the two entities. (
  • South Sudan has received more than $4 billion in foreign aid since 2005, largely from the UK, US, Norway, and Netherlands, but Khartoum has imposed blockades on goods and capital going to South Sudan. (
  • There is a big emphasis on this being an urban revolution throughout Sudan, in contrast with the previous uprisings which were more Khartoum-focussed. (
  • In the fall of 2019, AFSC launched a new program in South Sudan to address trauma among people working to build peace in the country through conflict healing and reconciliation. (
  • According to a local rights group in Sudan, three churches in a town were burnt down in December 2019 and quickly rebuilt, only to be burnt down again earlier this month. (
  • Sudan was listed as a Country of Particular Concern for its religious freedom record by the US Department of State from 1999 to 2019. (
  • Sudan had been under the military dictatorship of Omar al-Bashir since 1989, but pro-democracy protests led to his overthrow in April 2019. (
  • As the result of an intensive bilateral effort focused on achieving progress by Sudan in five key areas of engagement (countering terrorist groups, ending the threat of the Lord's Resistance Army, ending the government's offensive internal military operations, ending Sudan's destabilizing role in South Sudan, and improving humanitarian access), on January 13, 2017, the United States announced the broad lifting of certain longstanding sanctions against Sudan. (
  • Reporters without Borders ranked South Sudan 145th out of 180 in its 2017 World Press Freedom Index. (
  • The world's first famine in six years was declared in South Sudan in early 2017. (
  • South Sudan continues to face a prolonged conflict, famine, some of the worst health outcomes in the world , and an HIV response that lags more than a decade behind other neighboring countries. (
  • Do not travel to South Sudan due to crime, kidnapping, and armed conflict . (
  • Journalists regularly report being harassed in South Sudan, and many have been killed while covering the conflict. (
  • In the face of widespread humanitarian needs caused by conflict, displacement, and natural disasters, the U.S. has been a major donor of humanitarian aid to the people of Sudan throughout the last quarter century. (
  • As the largest international donor of humanitarian aid in Sudan, the U.S. continues to provide impartial, needs-based assistance to all accessible areas and populations, including displaced and otherwise conflict-affected people, individuals living in camp for internally displaced persons (IDPs), local communities hosting IDPs, and formerly displaced returnees. (
  • Still, skirmishes erupted two weeks ago in the region bordering Sudan and South Sudan in the most serious unrest since Juba's independence have prompted international fears of a return to full-blown conflict. (
  • Now, the future of children like Bakic Magol could change drastically, with peace returning to southern Sudan after nearly half a century of civil war and conflict -- though violence continues in western Darfur -- and with recent oil discoveries promising to catapult the vast, long-neglected region into modern life. (
  • Vulnerability - Sudan has been affected by conflict and civil war for decades and is considered one of the most vulnerable countries in the world. (
  • Russia, one of the countries blamed for watering down the wording of last month's United Nations resolution on the conflict by insisting that the word "sanctions" be removed, has been delivering MiG fighter planes to Sudan throughout the bloodshed in Darfur. (
  • Mangok, who once was the head of Kiir's presidential guard, is among six rival generals that the U.N. Security Council blacklisted for "fuelling the ongoing conflict and contributing to the devastating humanitarian crisis" in South Sudan in 2015. (
  • Sudan has been beset by years of internal conflict that has divided the country - and its telecoms sector - in two. (
  • Thousands of activists are gathering at events in 15 countries on Saturday in a global coordinated effort, calling on world leaders to take urgent steps to prevent a return to severe and widespread conflict in Sudan. (
  • Push the United Nations Security Council to strengthen the civilian protection mandate of the Sudan peacekeeping force (UNMIS) by increasing its presence in remote and volatile areas and by rapidly deploying its personnel to conflict-prone areas. (
  • South Sudan came into being a year ago but remains fragile today: It is rife with violent conflict and corruption, and sorely lacks infrastructure. (
  • The U.S. played a key role in helping negotiate the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement between Sudan and Sudan Peoples' Liberation Movement that laid the groundwork for South Sudan's 2011 independence referendum and secession. (
  • South Sudan's troop withdrawal is in line with a security agreement reached with Sudan in September. (
  • South Sudan's army (SPLA) spokesman, Philip Aguer, told Reuters on Friday that Sudan had launched a two-pronged attack. (
  • They're casualties of a 15-year-long civil war that already has claimed 1.5 million lives and led to many others being so malnourished they may never recover.Be assured that the leaders of the warring factions - Sudan's Islamic government and the Sudan People's Liberation Army, which is supported by the United States - have plenty of food for themselves and their key military personnel. (
  • Egypt has a stake in the free flow of the Nile River through Sudan, while Western countries are keenly interested in Sudan's oil reserves, estimated at between 800 million and 4 billion barrels. (
  • More than 15 per cent of Sudan's population is less than five years old, based on estimates from the 2006 Sudan Household Health Survey. (
  • South Sudan produces nearly three-fourths of the former Sudan's total oil output of nearly a half million barrels per day. (
  • Zain Sudan, the market leading mobile operator by subscribers, was formed after the Kuwait-based telco acquired Mobitel, Sudan's first operator, in February 2006 in a deal valued by Zain at US$1.3 billion. (
  • The Sudan Tribune reported that Mufreh stated "Sudan's full commitment to protecting religious freedoms. (
  • The government in the south, led by the former rebel group the Sudan People's Liberation Movement, might find a warmer reception from international lenders. (
  • Because there were so few schools during wartime, cattle camp is our school of life," said Simon Kun, an official of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement, a former rebel group that is now the region's government. (
  • Japan decided Friday to extend by another year, through May 31, 2020, the dispatch of Self-Defense Forces personnel to the headquarters of the U.N. peacekeeping mission in South Sudan. (
  • Willow Berridge, a lecturer at Newcastle University in northern England and author of "Civil Uprisings in Modern Sudan", compares the movement with previous uprisings in Sudan since independence in 1956. (
  • When Sudan gained its independence in 1956, it was with the understanding that the southerners would be able to participate fully in the political system. (
  • WHO is committed to supporting the Ministry of Health of South Sudan to fully institutionalize the NHA. (
  • In November 2010, the Ministry of Health of the proposed nation of South Sudan requested CDC assistance in investigating a recent increase and geographic clustering of an illness resulting in head nodding and seizures. (
  • With funding from the Government of Japan, WHO supports the Ministry of Health to strengthen the National Blood Transfusion Services in South Sudan in the areas of voluntary unpaid blood donor recruitment and retention as well as capacity building to increase blood donations and improve availability to more hospitals in the country. (
  • The revelation follows the discovery of a new set of records from the South Sudan mission that the ministry previously said didn't exist. (
  • Ahmed Hafez, a spokesman for Egypt's foreign ministry, said negotiations with Ethiopia over its $5 billion Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam were "at the forefront" of Shoukry's talks in Sudan. (
  • In this three-part video journal, join Carter Center expert Dr. Moses Katabarwa and his colleagues from the Sudan Ministry of Health and Lions Clubs International Foundation in the field as they guide and support the pioneering community-based approach that has brought this debilitating and potentially blinding parasitic skin disease to the brink of elimination. (
  • I want to say, as a ministry in Sudan, we want people to know that in spite of the situations that we are going through, that Christianity and the Church in Sudan I think is still strong. (
  • Hosted by the South Sudan Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications , the group, led by IARU Region 1 President Hans Blondeel Timmerman, PB2T, also will conduct a series of workshops, with support by the Yasme Foundation , aimed at establishing a sound Amateur Radio spectrum management and regulatory regime for the Republic of South Sudan. (
  • Last summer, Sudan crushed pro-democracy protests inspired by Arab Spring uprisings. (
  • Tomomi Inada resigned amid allegations that she misled Parliament about dangers faced by Japanese soldiers on a United Nations peacekeeping mission in South Sudan. (
  • The United States and the United Nations must be actively engaged in solving the Sudan crisis. (
  • United Nations aid agencies had warned of the flood danger in Sudan between July and November. (
  • Russia and China have broken a United Nations arms embargo by supplying Sudan with attack helicopters, bombers and other weapons for use against civilians in Darfur, Amnesty International has said. (
  • The 1965 estimate of land use classified 101.4 million hectares as grazing land, and in 1975 an ILO-United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) interagency mission to Sudan estimated the total potential grazing land at between 120 million and 150 million hectares. (
  • According to a report by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), it is estimated 1.9 million people in Sudan will be affected by reduced agricultural and livestock production -- due to smaller farming areas, poor pastures and limited water availability. (
  • The United Nations and South Sudan are taking extreme precautions to prevent any spread of Ebola from neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo, which is battling the second-biggest ever outbreak of the disease. (
  • The United Nations condemned on Sunday a wave of "brutal" sexual attacks on women and girls in the northern town of Bentiu in South Sudan that took place in what it described as a government controlled area of the region. (
  • The government said Friday it has extended the dispatch of four Self-Defense Forces members to the headquarters of the United Nations peacekeeping mission in South Sudan through May 31 next year. (
  • The United Nations World Food Programme estimates that it may have lost more than 3,700 tonnes of food in looting in South Sudan. (
  • The United Nations is in discussions with the government over the action and it intends to keep broadcasting, Francesca Mold, spokeswoman for the U.N. in South Sudan, told The Associated Press. (
  • US President Barack Obama is due to attend a special meeting on Sudan at the United Nations in New York. (
  • The United Nations will continue to conduct its vital peacekeeping, humanitarian, human rights and development operations and activities in Sudan. (
  • The rehabilitation of the prison is supported by the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) and part of the capacity building efforts in South Sudan. (
  • The Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) controls most of the resource-rich South, save for several key garrison towns. (
  • 30 report, titled Perpetuating Cycles of Violence, include: tying young men to trees and beating them, simulated drowning, and an armed clashbetween the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) and members of the ethnic Lou Nuer community who resisted disarmament. (
  • During the civil war the cattle keepers were forced to carry weapons and ammunition for the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA). (
  • Violations by government security forces and armed opposition groups are directed at the population living in oil fields and surrounding areas, and are an effort to control, protect or destroy the oil production capacity,' notes Amnesty International in its report, Sudan: The Human Price of Oil. (
  • We think the MiG planes being sold by Russia are likely to be used to commit human-rights violations in Darfur," said Benedicte Goderiaux, an Amnesty International researcher on Sudan. (
  • Sudan365 ( ), a year of campaigning for Sudan, has been organised by a coalition of groups including Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Save Darfur Coalition, FIDH, Refugees International, Darfur Consortium and Arab Coalition for Darfur. (
  • The UN mission in South Sudan said it has provided a diving team to search the River Nile adjacent to the crash site and an engineering team to support efforts to cut open or remove debris. (
  • The genocide in the Darfur region of Sudan is the most recent violent episode in a country where a 20-year civil war has killed an estimated two million people and displaced more than four million. (
  • An outbreak last year in the Darfur region of Sudan resulted in 849 suspected cases and 171 deaths. (
  • According to Mr Evans Liyosi, Country Representation a.i. for South Sudan highlighted the contribution of the National Health Accounts to achieving the common health care system goals of equity, efficiency and effectiveness of care. (
  • The entire country of Sudan has now been without Internet for 13 days. (
  • This brief on South Sudan is part of a report series from the Evaluation Department - "Country Evaluation Briefs" (CEB) - collecting and summarising existing evaluation findings from selected Norwegian focus countries. (
  • Emergency preparedness is addressed at the global level as well as in two different country cases: Malawi and South Sudan. (
  • An estimated half a million ethnic South Sudan are required to either leave Sudan or formalize their status in the country. (
  • Crop cultivation was divided between a modern, market-oriented sector comprising mechanized, large-scale irrigated and rainfed farming (mainly in central Sudan) and small-scale farming following traditional practices that was carried on in the other parts of the country where rainfall or other water sources were sufficient for cultivation. (
  • Anybody looking for an example of how internal strife can devastate a country can find it by focusing on the terrible tragedies taking place in Sudan. (
  • Sudan says getting off the U.S. state sponsor of terror list is crucial to rebuilding the country and readmitting it into the international economy after years of sanctions. (
  • Addressing the U.N.'s Millennium Development Goals summit last week , Obama renewed America's promise of assistance to the devastated country: "As others show the courage to put war behind them-including, we hope, in Sudan-the United States will stand with those who seek to build and sustain peace. (
  • NBA star's emotional trip 'home' Jump to media player NBA star Luol Deng made his return to his home country of Sudan, and found it a humbling and emotional experience. (
  • A Christian pastor in Sudan has said that despite the escalating severe persecution in the Islamic-majority country, including the killing and jailing of church leaders, the faith is "still alive" and strong there. (
  • That deal expired on 9 July, however, when South Sudan became an independent country. (
  • Before the country broke away from Sudan, the first north-south civil war lasted from 1955-1971, and the second was even longer (1983-2005). (
  • The gap between us and our competitors in southern Sudan is very small, so we've got a fair chance that we are a strong player and will dominate that part of the country. (
  • Human rights defenders and community leaders from this area have faced military trials and many have been forced to flee the country and continue their work from outside Sudan. (
  • Jan 10 - Former U.S. President Carter in Sudan says that as the South votes to form its own country -- no one wants to return to civil war. (
  • We urge world leaders to pay particular attention to the human rights situation in Sudan in 2010 and to act to prevent the country from spiralling again into bloodshed, violence and impunity," said Souhayr Belhassen, President of FIDH. (
  • Cédric Gerbehaye , a Belgian documentary photographer, traveled to Sudan on a Magnum Foundation grant in July and August 2010, and returned during the referendum to document a country in transition. (
  • Sudan is a member of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, which has a Trade and Investment Framework Agreement with the U.S. (
  • The government of southern Sudan has approved the first income tax on its citizens, who are among the poorest in Africa. (
  • The group is still fighting in South Sudan and neighboring countries in East Africa. (
  • The Angels of East Africa organizes six or so mission trips to South Sudan a year for groups of about 20 people at a time, said the group's office manager, Justin Wirick . (
  • Last year, at least 20 members of the foreign press were prevented from entering or kicked out of South Sudan, according to the Foreign Correspondents' Association of East Africa. (
  • South Sudan also holds one of the richest agricultural areas in Africa in the White Nile valley, which has very fertile soils and more-than-adequate water supplies. (
  • The riots, which the government describes as acts of premeditated sabotage, started a few days ago and have quickly turned into a movement for the ouster of Sudan President Omar al-Bashir, according to an Associated Press report. (
  • The presence of armed guards and signs planted willy-nilly in the sand reveal that we are traveling alongside a pipeline that runs l,000 miles, from just south of the Nuba Mountains all the way to Port Sudan on the Red Sea. (
  • On the wall in the home office of Salva Kiir, the president of Southern Sudan, hang two oversize portraits-one of Jesus Christ and the other of himself. (
  • Sudan virus was described as "Ebola haemorrhagic fever" in a 1978 WHO report describing the 1976 Sudan outbreak. (
  • As part of the outbreak investigation, a descriptive case series and a case-control study to assess for risk factors were conducted in two locations (Witto village and Maridi town) in the state of Western Equatoria, in South Sudan, where cases of nodding syndrome had been reported. (
  • Deadly Ebola outbreak in Congo puts South Sudan on high alert: U.N. (
  • Internationally, both countries have vested interests in keeping intact a 1959 agreement that allocates the bulk of Nile River water to Sudan and Egypt, despite calls for a new agreement supported by nine countries such as Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya and Rwanda. (
  • Almost half the population face food shortages and 100,000 people are at risk of immediate starvation in South Sudan. (
  • JOHANNESBURG (AP) - Hundreds of people have been killed in a new burst of intercommunal violence in South Sudan, the International Committee of the Red Cross said Thursday, with "many more" injured and thousands displaced. (
  • The aid agency needs $300 million to deliver assistance to five million people in Yemen, Somalia and northeast Nigeria as well as areas of South Sudan. (
  • Kasala (Sudan) (AFP) - Thousands of houses have been destroyed and several villages submerged after flooding triggered by torrential rainfall killed 100 people across Sudan, officials and an AFP photographer said on Sunday. (
  • Since clashes broke out last year in Abyei, a border area claimed by both Sudan and South Sudan, over 110,000 people were estimated to have fled, abandoning their homes and belongings. (
  • These efforts greatly improved the lives of the people of South Sudan through their stabilizing effects. (
  • Floods - Since 2013, there have been over 600,000 displacements of people from their homes by flood-related disasters in Sudan. (
  • People wear hearts on their sleeves in Sudan. (
  • Ethnic group names commonly used in Sudan and by foreign analysts are not always used by the people themselves. (
  • Over 20 million people in South Sudan, Yemen, Somalia, and Nigeria are on the brink of famine. (
  • In South Sudan alone, 9,000 people lose access to food every day. (
  • The next 365 days will be critical for the people of Sudan," said Jamie Catto, founder member of 1 Giant Leap and Faithless. (
  • Since his arrest seven days ago, Peter Biar Ajak has not received formal charges or any answer as to why he is being detained by South Sudan officials. (
  • Two Iranian navy warships arrived Saturday morning in Port Sudan, in the second such visit to Sudan within two months, eyewitnesses and officials said. (
  • Tensions between Egypt and Sudan intensified Wednesday as Egyptian officials reported a border clash between the two countries that left guards on both sides wounded. (
  • New York)- Sudan government documents incontrovertibly show that government officials directed recruitment, arming and other support to the ethnic militias known as the Janjaweed, Human Rights Watch said today. (
  • These documents show that militia activity has not just been condoned, it's been specifically supported by Sudan government officials. (
  • Human Rights Watch called for Sudan government officials implicated in the policy of militia support to be added to the U.N. sanctions list included as part of a pending U.N. resolution. (
  • Lost Boys of Sudan follows two young Dinka refugees, Peter and Santino, through their first year in America. (
  • After missing their harvest and seeking shelter in impoverished South Sudan, tens of thousands of refugees from the disputed Abyei region have been given food and agriculture aid by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to help them survive the year. (
  • Refugees cannot manage their fields and harvest crops, vital roads are not accessible, food prices are rising while monetary inflation is causing additional pressure on South Sudan`s economy. (
  • it is the sole member of the species Sudan ebolavirus . (
  • It is the single member of the species Sudan ebolavirus , which is included into the genus Ebolavirus , family Filoviridae , order Mononegavirales . (
  • Previous abbreviations for the virus were EBOV-S (for Ebola virus Sudan) and most recently SEBOV (for Sudan Ebola virus or Sudan ebolavirus). (
  • A virus of the species Sudan ebolavirus is a Sudan virus (SUDV) if it has the properties of Sudan ebolaviruses and if its genome diverges from that of the prototype Sudan virus, Sudan virus variant Boniface (SUDV/Bon), by ≤10% at the nucleotide level. (
  • Scientists funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) have successfully treated monkeys several days after the animals were infected with Sudan ebolavirus (SUDV). (
  • Rescue of nonhuman primates from advanced Sudan ebolavirus infection with lipid encapsulated siRNA. (
  • The Republic of South Sudan, the youngest nation in the world, is in a major humanitarian, development, economic and security crises of unprecedented proportions. (
  • They are operating in an environment of their own but they operate in the Republic of South Sudan where there are laws that need to be observed," said Elijah Alier, the Media Authority's managing director at a press conference. (
  • CDC, through the U.S. President's Emergency Plan For AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), supports HIV prevention and treatment services in the highest prevalence areas of South Sudan, focusing on increasing service capacity and quality through mentorship, supportive supervision at all treatment sites, and program monitoring. (
  • The U.S. government has limited ability to provide emergency consular services to U.S. citizens in South Sudan. (
  • The U.S. supports democratic development in Sudan, as well as a transition from emergency assistance to development assistance where conditions and security allow. (
  • South Sudan in Focus is a 30-minute weekday English-language broadcast/internet program covering rapidly changing developments in the new nation of South Sudan and the region. (
  • In the Darfur region of western Sudan, Arab-dominated militias are violently taking over land and water resources used by farmers. (
  • Our work in the region that now comprises South Sudan began in 1995. (
  • On July 29, the day before the UN resolution was passed, the Russian company Stroitransgaz won a contract to build a 366-kilometre pipeline in the Melut basin in southeast Sudan, a region abandoned four years ago by the Canadian junior oil company Fosters Resources Ltd. because of pressure from human-rights groups. (
  • The 2011 referendum will determine whether or not the Southern region of Sudan becomes independent from the North. (
  • As a result of increased temperatures and rainfall which has become erratic and inconsistent, much of Sudan has become increasingly unsuitable for agriculture -- due to either floods, or severe droughts. (
  • As a result of hotter climate and erratic rainfall, much of Sudan has become progressively unsuitable for agriculture and villages. (
  • The U.N. made a formal declaration of famine in parts of South Sudan, which has been mired in civil war since 2013. (
  • While outright famine conditions have been reduced, more than 50 percent of the population is now being recognized as food insecure, the greatest number ever recorded in South Sudan. (
  • Especially in areas less affected by the ongoing crisis, FAO supports resilience-building through farmer field schools in South Sudan. (
  • The potential food crisis is taking place amid talks between Sudan and South Sudan to settle several major issues, including the demarcation of their common border and the long-term fate of oil-rich Abyei. (
  • In what has become a familiar pattern in countries in crisis, the government in Sudan appears to have pulled the plug on Internet services there. (
  • South Sudan slid into civil war in December 2013 when a political crisis triggered fighting between forces loyal to Kiir and rebels allied with his former deputy Riek Machar. (
  • Sudan virus (abbreviated SUDV) was first described in 1977. (
  • According to the rules for taxon naming established by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV), the name Sudan virus is always to be capitalized , but is never italicized , and may be abbreviated (with SUDV being the official abbreviation). (
  • The virus received its final designation in 2010, when it was renamed Sudan virus (SUDV). (
  • Since independence on 9 July 2011, South Sudan has struggled with good governance and nation building and has attempted to control opposition forces operating in its territory. (
  • Adopting a conciliatory tone, he said the army will maintain "peace, order and security" across Sudan, and he called on the opposition to "help us restore normal life", promised to try those involved in the killin of demonstrators, and vowed a war on corruption. (
  • French Sudan initially retained close connections with France and joined in a short-lived federation with Senegal in 1959, but ties to both countries quickly weakened. (
  • Sudan has become one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change because of its effect on food security. (
  • Neighboring Egypt and some Western countries including the United States expressed concern about the situation in Sudan, which has been shaken by almost daily demonstrations since December over the rising cost of living and other grievances. (
  • Sudan is one of those countries that you have to dig out your atlas to check exactly where it is, with vague memories from school that the Nile, Red Sea and Sahara cut through it. (
  • With reward comes risk, and nowhere is this more evident than in African countries with low teledensity rates, with Sudan providing a stark illustration. (
  • If you compare Sudan to other countries, when 3G was launched in Sudan, a lot of neighboring countries were still working on 2G technology. (
  • Telecommunications in Sudan is growing rapidly if we compare it to our neighboring countries," he says. (
  • Sudan has carried out numerous air strikes against civilian targets in Darfur, in breach of a no-fly agreement signed in 2004. (
  • The Secretary-General calls on the Government of Sudan to continue to cooperate fully with all UN entities and their implementing partners, while fulfilling its obligation to ensure the safety and security of the civilian population, UN personnel and property, and that of its implementing partners. (
  • Broadly speaking, the Islamists have been backing the regime in Sudan for 29 years, but you are likely to see factions claiming they left the regime back in 1989 or 2013. (
  • Oil is what has kept them in power," said Mohamed Ibrahim Nugud, secretary-general of the Communist Party in Sudan. (
  • The government of Sudan has consistently denied recruiting and arming the Janjaweed militias, including during the recent visits of U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell and UN Secretary General Kofi Annan. (
  • Relations largely deteriorated after former President Hosni Mubarak accused Sudan of harboring those suspected of being behind an assassination attempt against him in the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa in 1995. (
  • Livestock , particularly cattle, goats and sheep, are an important social and economic asset in South Sudan. (
  • In the early 1990s, agriculture and livestock raising were the main sources of livelihood in Sudan for about 61 percent of the working population. (
  • Livestock raising, pursued throughout Sudan except in the extremely dry areas of the north and the tsetse-fly-infested area in the far south, was almost entirely in the traditional sector. (
  • The U.S. and Sudan have a small amount of bilateral trade. (
  • Economic conditions have deteriorated since January 2012 when the government decided to shut down oil production following bilateral disagreements with Sudan. (
  • The minister of foreign affairs (Ali Karti) announces that the government of Sudan welcomes the UN Security Council resolution which was issued on Wednesday, said a statement from the ministry's spokesman. (
  • The minister further announces that the government of Sudan will fully commit to what has been issued in the resolution about stopping hostilities with South Sudan according to the time limits issued. (
  • To date, the government of Sudan has only used more time to consolidate the ethnic cleansing in Darfur. (