A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.
Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.
Separation of particles according to density by employing a gradient of varying densities. At equilibrium each particle settles in the gradient at a point equal to its density. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Substances that sweeten food, beverages, medications, etc., such as sugar, saccharine or other low-calorie synthetic products. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A glycoside hydrolase found primarily in PLANTS and YEASTS. It has specificity for beta-D-fructofuranosides such as SUCROSE.
Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of glucose from a nucleoside diphosphate glucose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.
The ability to detect chemicals through gustatory receptors in the mouth, including those on the TONGUE; the PALATE; the PHARYNX; and the EPIGLOTTIS.
A monosaccharide in sweet fruits and honey that is soluble in water, alcohol, or ether. It is used as a preservative and an intravenous infusion in parenteral feeding.
Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.
A disaccharide consisting of two glucose units in an alpha (1-6) glycosidic linkage.
Cellular processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of CARBOHYDRATES.
Polysaccharides composed of D-fructose units.
The selection of one food over another.
Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)
Techniques to partition various components of the cell into SUBCELLULAR FRACTIONS.
A sugar acid derived from D-glucose in which both the aldehydic carbon atom and the carbon atom bearing the primary hydroxyl group are oxidized to carboxylic acid groups.
Substances that promote DENTAL CARIES.
A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.
A dextrodisaccharide from malt and starch. It is used as a sweetening agent and fermentable intermediate in brewing. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Plant tissue that carries nutrients, especially sucrose, by turgor pressure. Movement is bidirectional, in contrast to XYLEM where it is only upward. Phloem originates and grows outwards from meristematic cells (MERISTEM) in the vascular cambium. P-proteins, a type of LECTINS, are characteristically found in phloem.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
A trisaccharide occurring in Australian manna (from Eucalyptus spp, Myrtaceae) and in cottonseed meal.
A class of enzymes that catalyzes the phosphorylation of fructose in the presence of ATP. EC 2.7.1.-.
A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.
Solutions that have a greater osmotic pressure than a reference solution such as blood, plasma, or interstitial fluid.
The minimum concentration at which taste sensitivity to a particular substance or food can be perceived.
A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
An alkaloid derived from the bark of the cinchona tree. It is used as an antimalarial drug, and is the active ingredient in extracts of the cinchona that have been used for that purpose since before 1633. Quinine is also a mild antipyretic and analgesic and has been used in common cold preparations for that purpose. It was used commonly and as a bitter and flavoring agent, and is still useful for the treatment of babesiosis. Quinine is also useful in some muscular disorders, especially nocturnal leg cramps and myotonia congenita, because of its direct effects on muscle membrane and sodium channels. The mechanisms of its antimalarial effects are not well understood.
The process by which the nature and meaning of gustatory stimuli are recognized and interpreted by the brain. The four basic classes of taste perception are salty, sweet, bitter, and sour.
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
Flavoring agent and non-nutritive sweetener.
The largest class of organic compounds, including STARCH; GLYCOGEN; CELLULOSE; POLYSACCHARIDES; and simple MONOSACCHARIDES. Carbohydrates are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio of Cn(H2O)n.
Flavoring agent sweeter than sugar, metabolized as PHENYLALANINE and ASPARTIC ACID.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Substances that provide protection against the harmful effects of freezing temperatures.
Oligosaccharides containing two monosaccharide units linked by a glycosidic bond.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
Tendency of fluids (e.g., water) to move from the less concentrated to the more concentrated side of a semipermeable membrane.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A plant genus of the family POACEAE widely cultivated in the tropics for the sweet cane that is processed into sugar.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
A key intermediate in carbohydrate metabolism. Serves as a precursor of glycogen, can be metabolized into UDPgalactose and UDPglucuronic acid which can then be incorporated into polysaccharides as galactose and glucuronic acid. Also serves as a precursor of sucrose lipopolysaccharides, and glycosphingolipids.
Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.
The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.
The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.
Polysaccharides composed of repeating glucose units. They can consist of branched or unbranched chains in any linkages.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Membrane proteins whose primary function is to facilitate the transport of molecules across a biological membrane. Included in this broad category are proteins involved in active transport (BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT, ACTIVE), facilitated transport and ION CHANNELS.
Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Components of a cell produced by various separation techniques which, though they disrupt the delicate anatomy of a cell, preserve the structure and physiology of its functioning constituents for biochemical and ultrastructural analysis. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p163)
The pressure required to prevent the passage of solvent through a semipermeable membrane that separates a pure solvent from a solution of the solvent and solute or that separates different concentrations of a solution. It is proportional to the osmolality of the solution.
Stable carbon atoms that have the same atomic number as the element carbon, but differ in atomic weight. C-13 is a stable carbon isotope.

Interaction of inflammatory cells and oral microorganisms. II. Modulation of rabbit polymorphonuclear leukocyte hydrolase release by polysaccharides in response to Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguis. (1/4572)

The release of lysosomal hydrolases from polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) has been postulated in the pathogenesis of tissue injury in periodontal disease. In the present study, lysosomal enzyme release was monitored from rabbit peritoneal exudate PMNs exposed to Streptocccus mutans or Streptococcus sanguis. S. mutans grown in brain heart infusion (BHI) broth failed to promote significant PMN enzyme release. S. sanguis grown in BHI broth, although more effective than S. mutants, was a weak stimulus for promotion of PMN hydrolase release. Preincubation of washed, viable S. mutans in sucrose or in different-molecular-weight dextrans resulted in the ability of the organisms to provoke PMN release reactions. This effect could bot be demonstrated with boiled or trypsinized S. mutans or with viable S. sanguis. However, when grown in BHI broth supplemented with sucrose, but not with glucose, both S. mutans and S. sanguis triggered discharge of PMN enzymes. The mechanism(s) whereby dextran or sucrose modulates PMN-bacterial interaction may in some manner be related to promotion of microbial adhesiveness or aggregation by dextran and by bacterial synthesis of glucans from sucrose.  (+info)

Survey of total error of precipitation and homogeneous HDL-cholesterol methods and simultaneous evaluation of lyophilized saccharose-containing candidate reference materials for HDL-cholesterol. (2/4572)

BACKGROUND: Standardization of HDL-cholesterol is needed for risk assessment. We assessed for the first time the accuracy of HDL-cholesterol testing in The Netherlands and evaluated 11 candidate reference materials (CRMs). METHODS: The total error (TE) of HDL-cholesterol measurements was assessed in native human sera by 25 Dutch clinical chemistry laboratories. Concomitantly, the suitability of lyophilized, saccharose-containing CRMs (n = 11) for HDL-cholesterol was evaluated. RESULTS: In the precipitation method group, which included 25 laboratories and four methods, the mean (minimum-maximum) TE was 11.5% (2.7-25.2%), signifying that 18 of 25 laboratories satisfied the TE goal of +info)

Purification and characterization of rat hippocampal CA3-dendritic spines associated with mossy fiber terminals. (3/4572)

We report a revised and improved isolation procedure for CA3-dendritic spines, most of them still in association with mossy fiber terminals resulting in a 7.5-fold enrichment over nuclei and a 29-fold enrichment over myelin. Additionally, red blood cells, medullated fibers, mitochondria and small synaptosomes were significantly depleted. We show by high resolution electron microscopy that this subcellular fraction contains numerous dendritic spines with a rich ultrastructure, e.g. an intact spine apparatus, membranous organelles, free and membrane-bound polyribosomes, endocytic structures and mitochondria. This improved experimental system will allow us to study aspects of post-synaptic functions at the biochemical and molecular level.  (+info)

Site-directed mutagenesis of loop L3 of sucrose porin ScrY leads to changes in substrate selectivity. (4/4572)

The difference in substrate selectivity of the maltodextrin (LamB) and sucrose (ScrY) porins is attributed mainly to differences in loop L3, which is supposed to constrict the lumen of the pores. We show that even a single mutation (D201Y) in loop L3 leads to a narrowing of the substrate range of ScrY to that resembling LamB. In addition, we removed the putative N-terminal coiled-coil structure of ScrY and studied the effect of this deletion on sucrose transport.  (+info)

Characterization of the divergent sacBK and sacAR operons, involved in sucrose utilization by Lactococcus lactis. (5/4572)

The divergently transcribed sacBK and sacAR operons, which are involved in the utilization of sucrose by Lactococcus lactis NZ9800, were examined by transcriptional and gene inactivation studies. Northern analyses of RNA isolated from cells grown at the expense of different carbon sources revealed three sucrose-inducible transcripts: one of 3.2 kb containing sacB and sacK, a second of 3.4 kb containing sacA and sacR, and a third of 1.8 kb containing only sacR. The inactivation of the sacR gene by replacement recombination resulted in the constitutive transcription of the sacBK and sacAR operons in the presence of different carbon sources, indicating that SacR acts as a repressor of transcription.  (+info)

Oligofructose stimulates calcium absorption in adolescents. (6/4572)

BACKGROUND: In rats, nondigestible oligosaccharides stimulate calcium absorption. Recently, this effect was also found in human subjects. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate whether consumption of 15 g oligofructose/d stimulates calcium absorption in male adolescents. DESIGN: Twelve healthy, male adolescents aged 14-16 y received, for 9 d, 15 g oligofructose or sucrose (control treatment) daily over 3 main meals. The treatments were given according to a randomized, double-blind, crossover design, separated by a 19-d washout period. On the 8th day of each treatment period, 44Ca was given orally with a standard breakfast containing approximately 200 mg Ca. Within half an hour after administration of 44Ca, 48Ca was administered intravenously. Fractional calcium absorption was computed from the enrichment of 44Ca:43Ca and 48Ca:43Ca in 36-h urine samples, which was measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. RESULTS: An increase in true fractional calcium absorption (%) was found after consumption of oligofructose (mean difference +/- SE of difference: 10.8+/-5.6; P < 0.05, one sided). The results are discussed in relation to the methods used. CONCLUSION: Fifteen grams of oligofructose per day stimulates fractional calcium absorption in male adolescents.  (+info)

Rapid induction of functional and morphological continuity between severed ends of mammalian or earthworm myelinated axons. (7/4572)

The inability to rapidly restore the loss of function that results from severance (cutting or crushing) of PNS and CNS axons is a severe clinical problem. As a novel strategy to help alleviate this problem, we have developed in vitro procedures using Ca2+-free solutions of polyethylene glycol (PEG solutions), which within minutes induce functional and morphological continuity (PEG-induced fusion) between the cut or crushed ends of myelinated sciatic or spinal axons in rats. Using a PEG-based hydrogel that binds to connective tissue to provide mechanical strength at the lesion site and is nontoxic to nerve tissues in earthworms and mammals, we have also developed in vivo procedures that permanently maintain earthworm myelinated medial giant axons whose functional and morphological integrity has been restored by PEG-induced fusion after axonal severance. In all these in vitro or in vivo procedures, the success of PEG-induced fusion of sciatic or spinal axons and myelinated medial giant axons is measured by the restored conduction of action potentials through the lesion site, the presence of intact axonal profiles in electron micrographs taken at the lesion site, and/or the intra-axonal diffusion of fluorescent dyes across the lesion site. These and other data suggest that the application of polymeric fusiogens (such as our PEG solutions), possibly combined with a tissue adherent (such as our PEG hydrogels), could lead to in vivo treatments that rapidly and permanently repair cut or crushed axons in the PNS and CNS of adult mammals, including humans.  (+info)

Stimulation of collagen galactosyltransferase and glucosyltransferase activities by lysophosphatidylcholine. (8/4572)

Lysophosphatidylcholine stimulated the activities of collagen galactosyl- and glucosyl-transferases in chick-embryo extract and its particulate fractions in vitro, whereas essentially no stimulation was noted in the high-speed supernatant, where the enzymes are soluble and membrane-free. The stimulatory effect of lysophosphatidylcholine was masked by 0.1% Triton X-100. In kinetic experiments lysophosphatidylcholine raised the maximum velocities with respect to the substrates and co-substrates, whereas no changes were observed in the apparant Km values. Phospholipase A preincubation of the chick-embryo extract resulted in stimulation of both transferase activities, probably gy generating lysophosphatides from endogenous phospholipids. No stimulation by lysophosphatidylcholine was found when tested with 500-fold-purified glycosyltransferase. The results suggest that collagen glycosyltransferases must be associated with the membrane structures of the cell in order to be stimulated by lysophosphatidylcholine. Lysophosphatidylcholine could have some regulatory significance in vivo, since its concentration in the cell is comparable with that which produced marked stimulation in vitro.  (+info)

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Get Access To TOC Covering 200+ Topics at https://www.persistencemarketresearch.co/toc/30361. Market Participants. Some of the market participants dominating the global Sucrose Esters market identified across the value chain include Alfa Chemicals, Sisterna B.V, BASF SE, P&G Chemicals, Croda International PLC, Felda Iffco Sdn Bhd, Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings Corporation, Dai-Ichi Kogyo Seiyaku Co. Ltd, Evonik Industries AG, and World Chem Industries among the other sucrose esters manufacturers.. Opportunities for Participants in the Sucrose Esters Market. Exceptional conditioning and stabilizing properties help manufacturers of food, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical in manufacturing their products. Increasing demand from manufacturers of different industries leads to an increase in the demand for sucrose esters and helps in the growth of the sucrose esters market. Sucrose ester not only used as an emulsifier but also used for starch interaction, protein protection, sugar crystallization and ...
Esters (Sucrose Dilaurate, Sucrose Distearate, Sucrose Hexaerucate; Sucrose Hexaoleate/Hexapalmitate/Hexastearate, Sucrose Hexapalmitate, Sucrose Laurate; Sucrose Myristate, Sucrose Oleate, Sucrose Palmitate, Sucrose Pentaerucate, Sucrose Polybehenate, Sucrose Polylaurate, Sucrose Polylinoleate, Sucrose Polyoleate, Sucrose Polystearate, Sucrose Ricinoleate, Sucrose Stearate, Sucrose Tetraisostearate, Sucrose Tribehenate, Sucrose Trilaurate, Sucrose Tristearate) consist of sucrose, also known as table sugar, combined with various specific fatty acids, or sucrose combined with mixtures of fatty acids from specific plants (Sucrose Cocoate, Sucrose Polycottonseedate, Sucrose Polypalmate, Sucrose Polysoyate). Many of the fatty acids, including Stearic Acid, Lauric Acid, Myristic Acid, Oleic Acid, Palmitic Acid and Coconut Acid occur in foods. In cosmetics and personal care products, Sucrose Fatty Acid Esters are used in a variety of products such as bath products, cleansing products, makeup products, ...
Esters (Sucrose Dilaurate, Sucrose Distearate, Sucrose Hexaerucate; Sucrose Hexaoleate/Hexapalmitate/Hexastearate, Sucrose Hexapalmitate, Sucrose Laurate; Sucrose Myristate, Sucrose Oleate, Sucrose Palmitate, Sucrose Pentaerucate, Sucrose Polybehenate, Sucrose Polylaurate, Sucrose Polylinoleate, Sucrose Polyoleate, Sucrose Polystearate, Sucrose Ricinoleate, Sucrose Stearate, Sucrose Tetraisostearate, Sucrose Tribehenate, Sucrose Trilaurate, Sucrose Tristearate) consist of sucrose, also known as table sugar, combined with various specific fatty acids, or sucrose combined with mixtures of fatty acids from specific plants (Sucrose Cocoate, Sucrose Polycottonseedate, Sucrose Polypalmate, Sucrose Polysoyate). Many of the fatty acids, including Stearic Acid, Lauric Acid, Myristic Acid, Oleic Acid, Palmitic Acid and Coconut Acid occur in foods. In cosmetics and personal care products, Sucrose Fatty Acid Esters are used in a variety of products such as bath products, cleansing products, makeup products, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Sucrose concentration influences the rate of human oocytes with normal spindle and chromosome configurations after slow-cooling cryopreservation. AU - Coticchio, G.. AU - De Santis, L.. AU - Rossi, G.. AU - Borini, A.. AU - Albertini, D.. AU - Scaravelli, G.. AU - Alecci, C.. AU - Bianchi, V.. AU - Nottola, S.. AU - Cecconi, S.. PY - 2006/7. Y1 - 2006/7. N2 - Background: Recently described slow-cooling cryopreservation protocols involving elevated sucrose concentration have improved survival frequencies of human oocytes, potentially overcoming a major hurdle that has limited the adoption of oocyte storage. Because implantation rates of embryos from frozen oocytes remain generally low, it is still debated whether, irrespective of survival rates, this form of cryopreservation leads inevitably to the disruption or complete loss of the metaphase II (MII) spindle. Methods: Human oocytes with an extruded polar body I (PBI) were cryopreserved using a slow-cooling method including 1.5 ...
Introduction. Biology coursework Investigation- Affect of sucrose concentration on the rate of respiration. Planning Aim and Background information The aim of this investigation is to find out how the affect of changing the sucrose concentration affects the rate of respiration of yeast. The reaction can be measured by the amount of carbon dioxide given of by yeast and ethanol is also produced as a result of the reaction. Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) is a unicellular fungus, which is frequently used in baking. The precise classification is a field that uses the characteristics of the cell, ascospore and colony. Physiological characteristics are also used to identify species. One of the better-known characteristics is the ability to ferment sugars for the production of ethanol. Budding yeasts are true fungi of the phylum Ascomycetes, class Hemiascomycetes. The true yeasts are separated into one main order Saccharomycetales. Yeasts multiply as single cells that divide by budding (eg ...
Introduction. Science Coursework: Osmosis Aim: To investigate which sucrose concentration is the same as the concentration of cell sap inside the potato by narrowing down the primarily larger ranged concentrations of the cell sap. We will do this testing an extensive variety of sucrose concentrations to discover the concentration that gives the smallest mass change in the potato. Intro: Osmosis is the diffusion of a liquid, although it is often assumed to be water; it can be any liquid solvent through a selectively permeable membrane from a region of low solvent potential to a region of high solvent potential. The selectively permeable membrane must be permeable to the solvent, but not to the solute, resulting in a pressure gradient across the membrane. See below: The image is showing us that because there is a lot more water in the cell to the left and very little in the cell to the right, the water is travelling from the region of higher water concentration i.e. the cell to the left to the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of Varying Sucrose Concentration on Macrobehavioral Aspects of Licking in the Rat. AU - Fagen, Jeffrey W.. AU - Rycek, Robert F.. AU - Ritz, Elsbeth G.. AU - Shoemaker, Gary E.. PY - 1983/10. Y1 - 1983/10. N2 - Rats (eight male, eight female) were trained to lick 32% and 4% sucrose solutions for three minutes per day on four consecutive days. Measures of the number of licks revealed robust positive and negative contrast effects. Analysis of the burst-pause pattern of licking revealed that the decrease in licking characteristic of the negative contrast effect resulted from a decrease in the number of bursts, while the increase in licking characteristic of the positive contrast effect was the result of a shortening of the interburst interval.. AB - Rats (eight male, eight female) were trained to lick 32% and 4% sucrose solutions for three minutes per day on four consecutive days. Measures of the number of licks revealed robust positive and negative contrast effects. Analysis ...
Sucrose Esters Market research report covers detailed information on Global Sucrose Esters Market Size, Share, application, competition and growth opportunities till 2029
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of age and high sucrose diet on 2-deoxyglucose uptake in perfused hindlimb. AU - Eiffert, K. C.. AU - Stern, J. S.. AU - Horwitz, Barbara A. AU - Larkin, L. M.. AU - McDonald, R. B.. PY - 1993. Y1 - 1993. N2 - The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate insulin-stimulated skeletal muscle glucose uptake in male Fischer 344 rats, age 6, 12, and 27 mo, fed either a sucrose (S: 66.6% sucrose, 17.6% protein, 6.4% fat) or sucrose-free (SF: 66.6% starch, 17.6% protein, 6.4% fat) diet for 3 mo. Skeletal muscle glucose uptake (R(g)) in perfused hindlimbs was estimated from the uptake and subsequent phosphorylation of radiolabeled 2-deoxyglucose (2DG) in the gastrocnemius (GN), extensor digitorum longus (EDL), and soleus (SOL) muscles. Rat hindlimbs were perfused at a rate of 10 ml · min-1 with a modified Krebs Henseleit buffer containing bovine red blood cells (hematocrit: 40%) and 5.85 mmole · L-1 glucose along with 358 pmoles · L-1 followed by 3580 pmoles · L-1 insulin. ...
Autor: Niittyla, T. et al.; Genre: Zeitschriftenartikel; Im Druck veröffentlicht: 2007; Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence|br/|Aquaporins/metabolism|br/|Arabidopsis/cytology/*drug effects/enzymology/*metabolism|br/|Arabidopsis Proteins/chemistry/isolation & purification/*metabolism|br/|Cell Membrane/*drug effects/enzymology/*metabolism|br/|Cluster Analysis|br/|Mass Spectrometry|br/|Membrane Transport Proteins/metabolism|br/|Molecular Sequence Data|br/|Phosphopeptides/chemistry/isolation & purification/metabolism|br/|Phosphorylation/drug effects|br/|Plant Proteins/metabolism|br/|Plasma Membrane Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism|br/|Protein Kinases/metabolism|br/|Proton-Translocating ATPases/metabolism|br/|Seedling/drug effects/metabolism|br/|Substrate Specificity/drug effects|br/|Sucrose/*pharmacology|br/|Time Factors; Titel: Temporal analysis of sucrose-induced phosphorylation changes in plasma membrane proteins of Arabidopsis
Sugarcane is the most efficient large-scale crop capable of supplying sufficient carbon substrate, in the form of sucrose, needed during fermentative feedstock production. However, sucrose metabolism in Escherichia coli is not well understood because the two most common strains, E. coli K-12 and B, do not grow on sucrose. Here, using a sucrose utilizing strain, E. coli W, we undertake an in-depth comparison of sucrose and glucose metabolism including growth kinetics, metabolite profiling, microarray-based transcriptome analysis, labelling-based proteomic analysis and 13C-fluxomics. While E. coli W grew comparably well on sucrose and glucose integration of the omics, datasets showed that during growth on each carbon source, metabolism was distinct. The metabolism was generally derepressed on sucrose, and significant flux rearrangements were observed in central carbon metabolism.These included a reduction in the flux of the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway branch, an increase in the ...
Phytochrome interacting factors (PIFs) are members of a subfamily of basic helix-loop-helix transcript factors and have been proposed to act as positive regulators of hypocotyl elongation under normal condition. Here, we show that PIF1, 3, 4, 5 together play a central role in sucrose-induced hypocot …
Read Sucrose Concentration at the Apoplastic Interface between Seed Coat and Cotyledons of Developing Soybean Seeds on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Effect of varying sucrose concentration on macrobehavioral aspects of licking in the rat.: Rats (eight male, eight female) were trained to lick 32% and 4% sucro
The involvement of sucrose and its amount in the causation of cardiovascular disease is still controversial and inconclusive. The two latest reports of WHO/FAO and Institute of Medicine of Food and Nutritional Board (IOM of FNB) on optimal level of sucrose consumption are at least contradictory; therefore the need to clarify the effect of different concentrations of sucrose consumption on cardiovascular disease risk factor is expedient. Effect of sucrose consumption was assessed on twenty four male albino rats, four to six weeks old, 48-65 g, divided into five groups: G1 (control), G2 (10% energy supply from sucrose), G3 (20% energy supply from sucrose), G4 (30% energy supply from sucrose). The following parameters were determined: red blood cell count, white blood cell count, packed cell volume, blood and plasma viscosities; fibrinogen level and erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Analyses revealed that inclusion of sucrose at concentration of 20% energy supply significantly increased (p,0.05) ...
Read Transcriptomic adaptations in rice suspension cells under sucrose starvation, Plant Molecular Biology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Sweet-ease® for Infant Pain Relief Sweet-ease® is an oral liquid made of sugar (sucrose) and water that can be used to decrease pain in infants. A pediatrician should decide the use of sugar water or sweet sucrose water for relieving the babys pain after a medical procedure. Herschel M, Khoshnood B, Ellman C, Maydew N, Mittendorf R. Neonatal circumcision: randomized trial of a sucrose pacifier for pain control. Oral sucrose is frequently given to relieve procedural pain in neonates on the basis of its effect on behavioural and physiological pain scores. Glucose or sucrose solution is normally indicated for babies up to four months of age and generally considered more effective the younger the infant. There is no evidence to support that appropriate use of oral sucrose for reduction of pain during acute minor painful procedures in newborn and young infants, including premature infants, increases the risk of necrotising enterocolitis, hyperglycaemia, adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes, or ...
High time resolution is required to reliably measure neuronal activity in the gustatory cortex in response to taste stimuli. Hedonic aspects of gustatory processing have never been explored using gustatory evoked potentials (GEPs), a high-time-resolution technique. Our aim was to study cerebral processing of hedonic taste in humans using GEPs in response to sucrose solutions in subjects with different ratings of pleasantness regarding sucrose. In this exploratory study, 30 healthy volunteers were randomly stimulated with 3 sucrose solutions. The sucrose stimulus was presented to the tongue for 1 s 20 times. GEPs were recorded from 9 cortical sites with EEG sensors at Cz, Fz, Pz, C3, C4, F3, F4, Fp1, and Fp2 (10/20 system). The main result was that subjects who preferred the high-concentration (20 g/100 mL) sucrose solution had higher GEP amplitudes on the Pz, Cz, and Fz electrodes than did subjects who preferred the low-concentration (5 g/100 mL) or the moderate-concentration (10 g/100 mL) solutions
Update: A spoonful of sugar has about 0.0146 mol of sucrose in it. How many molecules of sucrose are in a spoonful of sugar? Express your answer to three significant figures and in proper scientific notation. ...
Sucrose as a product of photosynthesis is the major carbohydrate translocated from photosynthetic leaves to growing nonphotosynthetic organs such as roots and seeds. These growing tissues, besides carbohydrate supply, require uptake of water through aquaporins to enhance cell expansion during growth. Previous work revealed Sucrose Induced Receptor Kinase, SIRK1, to control aquaporin activity via phosphorylation in response to external sucrose stimulation. Here, we present the regulatory role of AT3G02880 (QSK1), a receptor kinase with a short external domain, in modulation of SIRK1 activity. Our results suggest that SIRK1 autophosphorylates at Ser-744 after sucrose treatment. Autophosphorylated SIRK1 then interacts with and transphosphorylates QSK1 and QSK2. Upon interaction with QSK1, SIRK1 phosphorylates aquaporins at their regulatory C-terminal phosphorylation sites. Consequently, in root protoplast swelling assays, the qsk1qsk2 mutant showed reduced water influx rates under iso-osmotic ...
Objective- To assess in diabetic subjects the effects of dietary sucrose on glycemia and lipemia.. Research Design and Methods- Twelve type II diabetic subjects consumed, in random order, two isocaloric, 55% carbohydrate study diets for 28 days. In one diet, 19% of energy was derived from sucrose. In the other diet, ,3% of energy was derived from sucrose, and carbohydrate energy came primarily from starch. Both study diets were composed of common foods. All meals were prepared in a metabolic kitchen where foods were weighed during meal preparation.. Results- No significant differences were noted between the study diets at any time point in mean plasma glucose. At day 28, mean plasma glucose values for the sucrose diet were 9.6 ± 0.5 mM and for the starch diet were 9.4 ± 0.6 mM (P = 0.63). Also, no significant differences were observed between the study diets in urine glucose, fasting serum total, HDL, or LDL cholesterol; fasting serum TG; or peak postprandial serum TG.. Conclusions- A high ...
Our finding that sucrose uptake by permeable aerial tissues is necessary and sufficient to stimulate lateral root formation in culture was unanticipated because roots of plants grown in culture are in contact with sucrose at all times; therefore, one would not expect sucrose to be limited by reduced access through the aerial tissues. Nevertheless, when aerial tissues could not take up sucrose, either because of an impermeable cuticle or an artificial barrier between the tissues and the media (i.e., Parafilm), lateral root formation was completely repressed in our assay system. This suggests that exogenous sucrose acts differently at the aerial tissues than at the root. Similarly, Takahashi et al. (2003) previously showed that adventitious roots were stimulated by sucrose in culture but that the hypocotyl had to be in direct contact with the sucrose medium for this stimulation to take place, leading them to conclude that the stimulatory sucrose was not derived from the primary root. It is ...
Sucrase Deficiency (Sucrose Intolerance). Sucrose, more commonly known as table sugar, is a disaccharide. A disaccharide is a carbohydrate that is composed of simple sugars, also known as monosaccharides. Sucrose is made up of the simple sugars glucose and fructose. In order to digest sucrose, there is an enzyme called sucrase that helps to break it down into glucose and fructose so they can be absorbed in our bodies. When there is a deficiency of the enzyme sucrase, the body cannot break down sucrose adequately for absorption. There are many side effects of sucrose intolerance/malabsorption, including abdominal pain/cramping, excessive gas, diarrhea, vomiting, constipation, etc. The treatment for sucrose intolerance is to avoid sucrose as much as possible in the diet.. Label Reading. The follow terms on a food label could indicate the presence of sucrose in a food. Because sucrose, or table sugar, is such a common ingredient in foods, it is sometimes hard to avoid completely. If any of the ...
Sisterna has studied the efficacy of high HLB sucrose esters for the production of transparent oil-gel emulsions, that turn into milk when diluted with water upon use (gel-to-milk).. This story is Premium Content and is only available to registered users. Please log in to view the full text. If you dont already have an account, please register with us completely free of charge.. ...
The Yuetang clones in experiment 1 (Table 1) were notable for their large stalk weight and low plant population. Yields of Yuetang 85-1253 were 15 tons/acre of cane more than the second-ranked cultivar. Six Yuetang clones were in the top 13 for cane yield. The large stalk size recorded for the Chinese clones may be indicative of their selection for ease of manual harvesting in China. Economic indices of 11 of 13 clones with CP parentage were in the upper half, with none ranking lower than number 32. LCP 86-454 was notable for high plant population and low stalk weight. Clones originating from the United States tended to have high sucrose concentrations, with 12 of the top 14 sucrose concentration values recorded for these clones. Based on economic index and phenotype, 23 clones (italicized and bold in Table 1) were selected for further evaluation in experiment 2. These included 14 clones from the United States, five from China, and one each from Argentina, Colombia, India, and New Guinea.. The ...
Fact.MR recently published a market study on the global Feed Sucrose Market. The study provides detailed assessment on the key market dynamics, including drivers, trends, opportunities, restraints, and detailed information about the Feed Sucrose Market structure. It also presents exclusive information about how the Feed Sucrose Market will grow during the forecast period of 2018-2027.. Feed sucrose has been gaining increasing demand in livestock industry for its ability to improve metabolism and of high benefits to the animals. A few amount of feed sucrose is as important as essential requirement of protein, minerals, and fats for animals. To make all the nutrients available for maintenance, production, growth, and reproduction of livestock, farmers have largely adopted feed sucrose. Due to its improved palatability and rapid fermentation in rumen, feed sucrose are used for feeding dairy cattle, which increase the dry matter intake as well as the solid or liquid passage from the ...
Objective:To investigate whether a moderate increase in dietary sucrose intake induces different serum lipid responses in normolipidemic subjects with the ɛ2 allele compared with subjects without the ɛ2 allele.Design:Controlled, parallel study.Subjects:There were 15 subjects with the apolipoprotein E (APOE)3/2 genotype and 19 subjects with the APOE3/3 or 3/4 genotype, whose mean±s.d. age was 48±14 and 35±10 years, respectively. All subjects had normal glucose metabolism.Interventions:The subjects were instructed to increase their sucrose intake by 40 g/day for 8 weeks and to decrease the intake of saturated and unsaturated fat to maintain energy balance. Dietary adherence was monitored using food records and the actual increase in sucrose intake was 39.8±18.4 g/day. Sixteen subjects (nine with APOE3/2 genotype, seven with APOE3/3 or 3/4 genotypes) participated also in an 8 h oral fat tolerance test at the beginning and at the end of the intervention.Results:Body weight ...
Parents must avoid its use for pacifying the baby in general. Call 1-866-278-5833 (TTY: 1-901-595-1040). Are there any side effects? Oral sucrose is safe and effective for reducing procedural pain from a single event. The sweetness of breast milk has proven to be as effective as a pain relieving strategy. .يرجى الاتصال بالرقم. myths concerning the use, safety and effectiveness of single and repeated doses of oral sucrose in premature and term newborn neonates, and infants ranging up to 18 months of age. Check patient identity as … Many factors may play a role in this poor uptake of research findings in the clinical setting. (Cochrane Review). This document is not intended to take the place of the care and attention of your personal physician or other professional medical services. When can Sweet-ease® be used? Can my baby have oral sucrose? Our aim is to promote active participation in your care and treatment by providing information and education. The registered nurse (RN) ...
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular complications of obesity and diabetes are major health problems. Assessing their development, their link with ectopic fat deposition and their flexibility with therapeutic intervention is essential. The aim of this study was to longitudinally investigate cardiac alterations and ectopic fat accumulation associated with diet-induced obesity using multimodal cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in mice. The second objective was to monitor cardiac response to exendin-4 (GLP-1 receptor agonist). METHODS: Male C57BL6R mice subjected to a high fat (35 %) high sucrose (34 %) (HFHSD) or a standard diet (SD) during 4 months were explored every month with multimodal CMR to determine hepatic and myocardial triglyceride content (HTGC, MTGC) using proton MR spectroscopy, cardiac function with cine cardiac MR (CMR) and myocardial perfusion with arterial spin labeling CMR. Furthermore, mice treated with exendin-4 (30 μg/kg SC BID) after 4 months of diet were explored before and 14 days
Global Sucrose Polyester Market 2019. Sucrose Polyester Market Size by Types, Applications, Major Regions and Major Manufacturers including the capacity, production, price, revenue, cost, gross margin, sales volume, sales revenue, consumption, growth rate, import, export, supply, future strategies.
Sucrose Polyester Market Insights 2018, is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the global Sucrose Polyester industry with a focus on the.... ...
Upon activation, an internal hydrostatic pressure develops within the Fundulus egg, and compresses the egg proper to a reduced volume. When the perivitelline pressure is abolished by a highly hypertonic sucrose solution, the egg volume increases. As sucrose penetrates the chorion, the volume again decreases. The relation between P and V in these conditions is inverse, and approximates a rectangular hyperbola. The limiting factor causing most of the deviation is shown to be the incompressible fraction. It is concluded that the volume of the egg proper is controlled by the perivitelline pressure, and that the effect of hypertonic sucrose solution is exerted by lowering the pressure and thereby increasing membrane permeability non-specifically. It is also shown that some permanent alterations occur within the plasma membrane during activation that reduce the permeance, and thereby, increase the incompressible fraction. ...
TY - THES. T1 - Arabidopsis 14-3-3 Proteins Control Sucrose Metabolism and Ion Homeostasis. AU - Gao, J.. N1 - Aard- en Levenswetenschappen Naam instelling promotie: Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam Naam instelling onderzoek: Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. PY - 2016. Y1 - 2016. N2 - 11366. AB - 11366. M3 - PhD Thesis - Research VU, graduation VU. ER - ...
Sucrose translocation between plant tissues is crucial for growth, development and reproduction of plants. Systemic analysis of these metabolic and underlying regulatory processes allow a detailed understanding of carbon distribution within the plant and the formation of associated phenotypic traits. Sucrose translocation from source tissues (e.g. mesophyll) to sink tissues (e.g. root) is tightly bound to the proton gradient across the membranes. The plant sucrose transporters are grouped into efflux exporters (SWEET family) and proton-symport importers (SUC, STP families). To better understand regulation of sucrose export from source tissues and sucrose import into sink tissues, there is a need for a metabolic model that takes in account the tissue organisation of Arabidopsis thaliana with corresponding metabolic specificities of respective tissues in terms of sucrose and proton production/utilization. An ability of the model to operate under different light modes (light and dark) and
Sucrose translocation between plant tissues is crucial for growth, development and reproduction of plants. Systemic analysis of this metabolic process and underlying regulatory processes can help to achieve better understanding of carbon distribution within the plant and the formation of phenotypic traits. Sucrose translocation from source tissues (e.g. mesophyll) to sink tissues (e.g. root) is tightly bound to the proton gradient across the membranes. The plant sucrose transporters are grouped into efflux exporters (SWEET family) and proton-symport importers (SUC, STP families). To better understand the regulatory connections between sucrose export from source tissues and sucrose import into sink tissues, there is a need for a metabolic model that takes in account the tissue organisation of Arabidopsis thaliana with corresponding metabolic specificities of respective tissues in terms of sucrose and proton production/utilization. An ability of the model to operate under different light modes ...
CAS Registry IDs: 100405-08-1 104242-10-6 131932-12-2 146054-35-5 146187-04-4 151756-02-4 220376-22-7 29253-78-9 29764-06-5 30027-72-6 47167-52-2 47185-09-1 47257-91-0 50857-68-6 51909-69-4 57-50-1 64533-66-0 65545-99-5 75398-84-4 76056-38-7 78654-77-0 80165-03-3 8027-47 ...
Source-to-sink transport of sucrose mediated by sucrose transporters (SUCs) is one of the major determinants of plant growth. However, the role of AtSUC4, the only member of Group IV sucrose transporter in Arabidopsis, was undervalued in sink organ during seedling period. In our study...
Although it is widely accepted that obesity results from an imbalance of energy intake and expenditure, the mechanisms underlying this process and effective strategies for prevention and treatment are unclear. Growing evidence suggests excess consumption of sugar may play an important role, yet we showed previously that consuming up to 30% of calories as sucrose in the diet had no impact on weight regulation. Since in humans consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages has been widely implicated, we investigated whether the mode of ingestion (solid or liquid) had different impacts on body weight regulation and glucose homeostasis in mice. ...
Sucrose Palmitate, a fatty acid compound is a skin conditioning agent and surfactant. The compound belongs to a group of Sucrose fatty acid esters. The blend may be found in products such as cosmetics and personal care products for the bath, body, and hair. The ingredient functions as a skin conditioning agent, smoothing and softening the skin. It is also capable of keeping to ingredients separated while allowing them to spread on the skin.. Sucrose is derived from sugar cane and the sugar beet. Fatty acids found in Sucrose Palmitate may be found in vegetable oils, palm or coconut oils, and oils that are found in leafy vegetables and nuts. Sucrose Palmitate has a wide range of applications in skin care and beauty, the ingredient is biodegradable, edible, and neutral in odor and taste.. Products that utilize Sucrose Palmitate are likely to provide users with the benefits of added moisture. When spread on the skin, the ingredients create a protective barrier against environmental stressors while ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Sucrose octasulfate selectively accelerates thrombin inactivation by heparin cofactor II. AU - Sarilla, Suryakala. AU - Habib, Sally Y.. AU - Kravtsov, Dmitri V.. AU - Matafonov, Anton. AU - Gailani, David. AU - Verhamme, Ingrid M.. PY - 2010/3/12. Y1 - 2010/3/12. N2 - Inactivation of thrombin (T) by the serpins heparin cofactor II (HCII) and antithrombin (AT) is accelerated by a heparin template between the serpin and thrombin exosite II. Unlike AT, HCII also uses an allosteric interaction of its NH2-terminal segment with exosite I. Sucrose octasulfate (SOS) accelerated thrombin inactivation by HCII but not AT by 2000-fold. SOS bound to two sites on thrombin, with dissociation constants (KD) of 10 ± 4 μM and 400 ± 300 μM that were not kinetically resolvable, as evidenced by single hyperbolic SOS concentration dependences of the inactivation rate (kobs). SOS bound HCII with KD 1.45 ± 0.30 mM, and this binding was tightened in the T·SOS·HCII complex, characterized by ...
BARROS, Márcio de; CELLIGOI, Maria Antonia P. Colabone; VIGNOLI, Josiane Alessandra and VARGAS, Lucia Helena Mendonça. Influence of ultrasound on sorbitol release by Zymomonas mobilis grown on high sucrose concentration. Braz. arch. biol. technol. [online]. 2006, vol.49, n.3, pp.371-374. ISSN 1678-4324. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132006000400003.. This work investigated the effect of applying low intensity ultrasound on sorbitol release by Z.mobilis cultures grown on 200 g/L sucrose medium up to 48 h. The best sorbitol production was 36.09 g/L in 36 h culture. Ultrasound irradiation did not alter the sorbitol values detected after disrupting the cells with 20 minutes treatment.. Keywords : Zymomonas mobilis; sorbitol [ultrasound]. ...
[105 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Global Sucrose Esters of Fatty Acids Market Research Report 2017 report by QYResearch Group. In this report, the global Sucrose Esters of Fatty Acids...
Soluble sugars, which play a central role in plant structure and metabolism, are also involved in the responses to a number of stresses, and act as metabolite signalling molecules that activate specific or hormone-crosstalk transduction pathways. The different roles of exogenous sucrose in the tolerance of Arabidopsis thaliana plantlets to the herbicide atrazine and oxidative stress were studied by a transcriptomic approach using CATMA arrays. Parallel situations of xenobiotic stress and sucrose-induced tolerance in the presence of atrazine, of sucrose, and of sucrose plus atrazine were compared. These approaches revealed that atrazine affected gene expression and therefore seedling physiology at a much larger scale than previously described, with potential impairment of protein translation and of reactive-oxygen-species (ROS) defence mechanisms. Correlatively, sucrose-induced protection against atrazine injury was associated with important modifications of gene expression related to ROS defence
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of sucrose on dynamic mechanical characteristics of maize and potato starch films. AU - Zhou, Yu-guang. AU - Wang, Li-jun. AU - Li, Dong. AU - Yan, Ping-Yu. AU - Li, Yebo. AU - Shi, John. AU - Chen, Xiao Dong. AU - Mao, Zhi-huai. PY - 2009. Y1 - 2009. N2 - The dynamic mechanical properties of prepared maize and potato starch films were evaluated for mixtures containing 0 , 10 and 15 (w/w) of sucrose at temperatures ranging from 40.0 to 140.0 C. The spectra of storage modulus (G ), loss modulus (G ), and loss factor (tand) of starch films were acquired. Remarkable reduction in the glass transition temperature of maize and potato starch films was observed with the increasing sucrose content. The spectra of storage modulus (G ), loss modulus (G ), and loss factor (tand) were measured for the second and third time after two and seven days, respectively. The peaks of loss factor (tand) appeared at 59.81 - 1.86 C and 95.96 - 1.67 C after two-day-storage, but only one peak ...
The influence of temperature, daylength and sucrose concentration on the growth and development of Alstroemeria Zebra in vitro
TY - JOUR. T1 - Relation between thermal stabilizing effect of sucrose on LDH and sucrose-LDH hydrogen bond. AU - Suzuki, T.. AU - Imamura, Koreyoshi. AU - Fujimoto, H.. AU - Okazaki, M.. PY - 1998/8. Y1 - 1998/8. N2 - The thermal stabilizing effect of sugar on freeze-dried protein is studied, in particular on the relationship between the thermal stabilizing effect and the degree of sugar-protein hydrogen bond formation. Sucrose and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) are used as models for sugar and protein. Several freeze-dried samples of LDH involved in sucrose were prepared; they differed in the degree of crystallinity of sucrose. By X-ray diffractometry (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, it is found that when sucrose is amorphous in the samples, the degree of hydrogen bond formation is high and LDH is stabilized remarkably. In contast, when sucrose is crystalline, the degree of hydrogen bond formation is low and LDH is inactivated. These results indicate that the stabilizing ...
κ opioid receptor activation by traditional arylacetamide agonists and the novel neoclerodane diterpene κ opioid receptor agonist Salvinorin A (Sal A) results in attenuation of cocaine-seeking behavior in pre-clinical models of addiction. However, adverse effects such as sedation, depression and aversion limit their clinical utility. The Sal A analogue, 2-methoxymethyl salvinorin B (MOM Sal B) is a longer acting Sal A analogue with high affinity for κ opioid receptors. In this study, we tested MOM Sal B for its ability to modulate cocaine-seeking behavior in rats. MOM Sal B (0.3 mg/kg) successfully attenuated cocaine-seeking but also attenuated sucrose reinforcement. No change in activity was observed in either cocaine-induced hyperactivity or spontaneous open field activity tests but increased immobility and decreased swimming times in the forced swim test were observed. This study indicates that κ opioid receptor activation by more potent Sal A analogues modulates cocaine-seeking behavior ...
Four Saccharomyces cerevisiae Brazilian industrial ethanol production strains were grown, under shaken and static conditions, in media containing 22% (w/v) sucrose supplemented with nitrogen sources varying from a single ammonium salt (ammonium sulfate) to free amino acids (casamino acids) and peptides (peptone). Sucrose fermentations by Brazilian industrial ethanol production yeasts strains were strongly affected by both the structural complexity of the nitrogen source and the availability of oxygen. Data suggest that yeast strains vary in their response to the nitrogen sources complex structure and to oxygen availability. In addition, the amount of trehalose produced could be correlated with the fermentation performance of the different yeasts, suggesting that efficient fuel ethanol production depends on finding conditions which are appropriate for a particular strain, considering demand and dependence on available nitrogen sources in the fermentation medium ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The stabilization of proteins by sucrose.. AU - Lee, James. AU - Timasheff, S. N.. PY - 1981/7/25. Y1 - 1981/7/25. N2 - The interactions between proteins and solvent components have been investigated for the sucrose/water system. Thermodynamic and kinetic measurements of the thermal unfolding of alpha-chymotrypsin, chymotrypsinogen, and ribonuclease were performed as a function of sucrose concentration. The alteration in protein-solvent interactions in the presence of sucrose was also studied by density measurements and analyzed by multicomponent thermodynamic theory. Sucrose does not induce a conformational change in three proteins studied, although it does induce a small change in the circular dichroism spectrum of ribonuclease. The enthalpy of thermal unfolding shows little dependence on the concentration of sucrose, while the apparent activation energy of the unfolding process is increased by the addition of sucrose. The results from the protein-solvent interaction study ...
Sucrose transport protein SUC3 OS=Arabidopsis thaliana E-value=7e-25; Sucrose transport protein SUT4 OS=Oryza sativa subsp. japonica E-value=5e-23; Sucrose transport protein SUT4 OS=Oryza sativa subsp. indica E-value=5e-23; Sucrose transport protein SUT3 OS=Oryza sativa subsp. indica E-value=4e-19; Sucrose transport protein SUT3 OS=Oryza sativa subsp. japonica E-value=5e-19 ...
Overflow metabolism is an undesirable characteristic of aerobic cultures of Saccharomyces cerevisiae during biomass-directed processes. It results from elevated sugar consumption rates that cause a high substrate conversion to ethanol and other bi-products, severely affecting cell physiology, bioprocess performance, and biomass yields. Fed-batch culture, where sucrose consumption rates are controlled by the external addition of sugar aiming at its low concentrations in the fermentor, is the classical bioprocessing alternative to prevent sugar fermentation by yeasts. However, fed-batch fermentations present drawbacks that could be overcome by simpler batch cultures at relatively high (e.g. 20 g/L) initial sugar concentrations. In this study, a S. cerevisiae strain lacking invertase activity was engineered to transport sucrose into the cells through a low-affinity and low-capacity sucrose-H+ symport activity, and the growth kinetics and biomass yields on sucrose analyzed using simple batch cultures. We
Mass transfer rates were quantitatively investigated during osmotic dehydration of kiwifruit slices using response surface methodology with the sucrose concentration (20-80%, w/w), temperature of sucrose solution (15-75°C), osmotic time (60-420 min), and slice thickness (2-10 mm) as the independent process variables. Quadratic regression equations are obtained to describe the effects of independent process variables on the water loss (WL), sucrose gain (SG), and ascorbic acid loss (AAL). It was found that all factors had significant effect on the WL during osmotic dehydration of kiwifruit. Effects of temperature, time, and slice thickness were more pronounced on SG than the effect of concentration of sucrose solution. The osmotic solution temperature was the most significant factor affecting the AAL, followed by slice thickness and duration of treatment. The optimal conditions for osmotic dehydration were: 60% sucrose concentration, 30-40°C osmotic temperature, 150 min osmotic time, and 8 mm ...
Our chocolates are labelled SUCROSE-FREE because they contain dairy, which naturally contains a type of milk sugar called Lactose. For this reason, by law, one cannot say they are SUGAR-FREE, but rather they are SUCROSE-FREE, which is our way of letting you know that NO SUGARS HAVE BEEN ADDED. Diabetics and those fol
Walter Drake sucrose-free chocolate fudge with walnuts is a fudge-lovers fantasy! Sucrose-free fudge is full of old-fashioned goodness. Sorbitol and Maltitol.
The effect of sucrose on plaque and saliva urease levels in vivo is an eagle-i resource of type Journal article at University of Puerto Rico - Medical Sciences Campus.
tl;dr version: why does S/Bayanus ferment sucrose to an apparent attenuation of more than 95% while S/Cerevisiae ferments it to an apparent attenuation of about 65-70%?. Details:. Ive been experimenting with sugar wash fermentations, using white table sugar (sucrose) and S/Cerevisiae yeast strains marketed as distilling yeast. Attenuation proceeded from an OG of 1,100-1.110 to an SG of around 1.030 (apparent attenuation about 65-70%).. This matches what Beersmith predicts, e.g. using 5kg dextrose in an 18 litre batch size with, say, US-05.. When I replace S/Cerevisia strains in Beersmith with Red Star Champagne yeast (S/Bayanus) my projected FG drops from 1.032-1.033 to about 1.003. Based on experience Im happy to accept that (although I havent tried it yet) but what I dont understand is why champagne yeast (S/Bayanus) ferments sucrose so much better. What Beersmith predicts confirms what I have heard from other home distillers who use champagne yeasts for sugar fermentations, so Im glad to ...
Sucrose synthase, an important enzyme in carbohydrate metabolism, catalyzes the reversible conversion of sucrose and UDP to UDP-glucose and fructose in vitro. To investigate the in vivo function of sucrose synthase, both the gene (Asus1) and a corresponding cDNA from roots of Arabidopsis were isolat …
Sucrose-specific porin, molecular model. Porins are proteins that span cell membranes and act as a channel through which specific molecules can diffuse. - Stock Image F009/5873
The study was aimed at determining the metabolic fate of sucrose in intact sugarcane internodal tissue. Three aspects of the fate of sucrose in storage tissue of whole plants formed the main focus of the work. These were the rate of sucrose accumulation in the developing culm, the characterisation of partitioning of carbon into different cellular organic fractions in the developing culm and the occurrence of sucrose turnover in both immature and mature stem tissues. Specific attention was paid to confirming the occurrence of sucrose turnover in both immature and mature internodal tissue. This sucrose turnover has been described previously in both tissue slices and cell suspension cultures. However, certain results from previous work at the whole plant level have indicated that sucrose turnover does not occur in mature internodal tissue. Radiolabeled carbon dioxide (14CO2) was fed to leaf 6 of sugarcane culms of a high sucrose storing variety (Saccharum spp. hybrid cv. Nco376). All plants were of ...
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Developmental and global regulation of mRNA translation plays a major role in regulating gene expression in mammalian spermatogenic cells. Sucrose gradients are widely used to analyze mRNA translation. Unfortunately, the information from sucrose gradient experiments is often compromised by the absence of quantification and absorbance tracings, and confusion about the basic properties of sucrose gradients. The Additional Materials contain detailed protocols for the preparation and analysis of sucrose and Nycodenz gradients, obtaining absorbance tracings of sucrose gradients, aligning tracings and fractions, and extraction of equal proportions of RNA from all fractions. The techniques described here have produced consistent measurements despite changes in personnel and minor variations in RNA extraction, gradient analysis, and mRNA quantification, and describes for the first time potential problems in using gradients to analyze mRNA translation in purified spermatogenic cells. Accurate quantification of
Sucrose and its supersaturated or supercooled solutions are of the utmost importance in areas as different as food and pharmaceutical industries or cryopreservation of biological systems. In the supercooled state, such amorphous solutions are fragile systems, presenting extremely high viscosity with decreased mobility of molecules, impairing experimental determinations at low temperatures (below critical temperature, T(c)). This work proposes the random walk (RW) approach to study relaxation behavior in the supercooled melt, using only viscosity data at temperatures above T(c). For comparison purposes, the Vogel-Fulcher-Tamman (VFT) model was fitted to th data. The random walk approach is based on the distribution of molecular energies, thus having a theoretical support not found in the VFT model. The RW estimated parameters can be correlated with system characteristics, showing their dependence on water content or sucrose concentration. RW and VFT model description was evaluated from the ...
The main aim of the work presented in this thesis was to elucidate the apparent role of pyrophosphate fructose 6-phosphate 1-phosphotransferase (PFP) in sucrose accumulation in sugarcane. PFP activity in sugarcane internodal tissue is inversely correlated to the sucrose content and positively to the water-insoluble component across varieties which differ in their capacities to accumulate sucrose. This apparent well defined and important role of PFP seems to stand in contrast to the ambiguity regarding PFPs role in the general literature as well as the results of various transgenic studies where neither the downregulation nor the over-expression of PFP activity had a major influence on the phenotype of transgenic potato and tobacco plants. Based on this it was therefore thought that either the kinetic properties of sugarcane PFP is significantly different than that of other plant PFPs or that PFPs role in sucrose accumulating tissues is different from that in starch accumulating tissues. In the ...
Geraldo Veríssimo de Souza Barbosa, Ricardo Augusto de Oliveira, Marcelo de Menezes Cruz, João Messias dos Santos, Paulo Pedro da Silva, Antônio Jorge de Araújo Viveiros, Antônio José Rosário Sousa, Carlos Alberto Guedes Ribeiro, Lailton Soares, Iêdo Teodoro, Francisco Sampaio Filho, Carlos Assis Diniz and Vera Lúcia Dubeux ...
0005] With the continuous development of productivity and the continuous improvement of peoples living standards, incidence of obesity, fat disease, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease continues to increase, which seriously affects humans health and longevity. The rate of obesity even reaches 45-55% in some developed regions and 10-20% in developing countries, and exhibits a trend of further development and younger age. According to analysis, the main reason lies in excessive intake of sweet food and high-fat food. The sweet taste in the sweet food mainly comes from sucrose. Upon ingestion, sucrose can be decomposed into fructose and glucose, thus increasing the level of blood glucose in the body. The excessive sucrose turns into body fat and is stored in the body, which causes obesity. Thus, there is a urgent request for a healthy sucrose. The Chinese Patent No. 200910229364.6 entitled Novel functional healthy sugar and preparation process thereof discloses a healthy sugar product in which ...
This study demonstrates that a high-sucrose diet, with 25% of total energy intake from sucrose, has no detrimental effect on insulin resistance or measures of vascular risk in healthy nondiabetic subjects. Evidence-based dietary guidelines are urgently required to tackle the global epidemic of diabetes. The absence of specific evidence in relation to sucrose has resulted in a lack of clear guidelines from some groups and variation in recommendations by others. Average sugar intake is much higher in the U.S., where 15% of men and 21% of women aged 19-50 years have a sucrose intake ,25% (42). In the present study, we chose to compare a sucrose intake of 25%, which is a level substantially above recommended intakes and a level some guidelines consider may be detrimental to health, with a 10% intake, which compares with the lowest recommended restriction, while keeping total carbohydrate content constant.. Evidence from animal studies has generally shown that increased sucrose intake has a ...
Evidence shows that diabetes increases the risk of developing Alzheimers disease (AD). Many efforts have been done to elucidate the mechanisms linking diabetes and AD. To demonstrate that mitochondria may represent a functional link between both pathologies, we compared the effects of AD and sucrose-induced metabolic alterations on mouse brain mitochondrial bioenergetics and oxidative status. For this purpose, brain mitochondria were isolated from wild-type (WT), triple transgenic AD (3xTg-AD), and WT mice fed 20% sucrose-sweetened water for 7 months. Polarography, spectrophotometry, fluorimetry, high-performance liquid chromatography, and electron microscopy were used to evaluate mitochondrial function, oxidative status, and ultrastructure. Western blotting was performed to determine the AD pathogenic protein levels. Sucrose intake caused metabolic alterations like those found in type 2 diabetes. Mitochondria from 3xTg-AD and sucrose-treated WT mice presented a similar impairment of the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A free-choice high-fat diet modulates the effects of a sucrose bolus on the expression of genes involved in glucose handling in the hypothalamus and nucleus accumbens. AU - Koekkoek, L L. AU - Unmehopa, U A. AU - Eggels, L. AU - Kool, T. AU - Lamuadni, K. AU - Diepenbroek, C. AU - Mul, J D. AU - Serlie, M J. AU - la Fleur, S E. N1 - Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.. PY - 2020. Y1 - 2020. N2 - The consumption of saturated fat and sucrose can have synergistic effects on the brain that do not occur when either nutrient is consumed by itself. In this study we hypothesize that saturated fat intake modulates glucose handling in the hypothalamus and nucleus accumbens, both brain areas highly involved in the control of food intake. To study this, male Wistar rats were given a free-choice high fat diet (fcHFD) or a control diet for two weeks. During the last seven days rats were given a daily bolus of either a 30% sucrose solution or water. Rats were sacrificed on day eight, ...
FM patients after-meal mood improves on low-carb diet; eating sugar sets off negative mood effects measurable by EEG scan & not in healthy controls
DICER1 activity, was decreased. Importantly, single channel analysis in amphibian renal cells exhibited a dramatic decrease in the number of patches with observable ENaC current following CK1/ inhibition. The present study shows for the first time that CK1/ inhibition and impaired Per1 nuclear access results in decreased ENaC expression and ENaC activity, providing further support for direct control of ENaC by the circadian clock. for 10 min. Cells were resuspended in sucrose (10 mM Tris, 1 mM EDTA, 50 mM sucrose) and homogenized. The same level of sucrose (10 mM Tris, 1 mM EDTA, 250 mM sucrose) was added, accompanied by extra homogenization. Nuclei had been pelleted at 1,000 for 10 min and discarded. Organelles had been pelleted at 10,000 for 20 min and discarded. Supernatants had been centrifuged at >60,000 for 18 h. Membrane protein pellets were resuspended in 50 l of phosphatase and sucrose and protease inhibitors. Protein concentrations had been after that quantified by BCA assay (Pierce). ...
Levansucrase acts on sucrose usually to synthesize a fructan which contains a sucrose unit at one terminus of the molecule and has branches formed by β-2, 1-fructofuranosyl linkage. The transfer of fructosyl residue to an acceptor by the enzyme is carried out from not only sucrose but also oli gosaccharides which contain a sucrose unit such as raffinose or fructosyl maltoside, fructosyl cellobioside, fructosyl lactoside, etc., which can be synthesized from sucrose in the presence of an acceptor sugar (maltose, cellobiose, lactose, etc.) by levansucrase. Soybean contains such oligosaccharides other than sucrose. We isolated levan from fermented soybean (Natto) and analyzed the molecular weight and terminus of the molecule. It was revealed that the molecular weight was about 1.1 × 10,SUP,4,/SUP, by HPLC using molecular markers of pullulans, and the levan isolated contained a stachyose unit at the terminal of the molecule. It was thought that the enzyme might have a donor binding site (with a ...
This dissertation presents a new class of engineered devices, fabricated from synthetic materials and protein transporters extracted from cell membranes of plants, that use chemomechanical and chemoelectrical energy conversion processes to perform mechanical and electrical work. The chemomechanical energy conversion concept is implemented in a protein based actuator. The chemical energy is applied as an electrochemical gradient of protons across a membrane assembly formed from phospholipids and SUT4 -a proton-sucrose cotransporter. The membrane assembly forms a physical barrier between two chambers in the actuator. The SUT4 proteins in the membrane assembly balances the applied electrochemical gradient by a concentration gradient of sucrose across the membrane. The sucrose gradient simultaneously generates an osmotic flow which deforms a flexible wall in a constrained chamber of the actuator, thus exhibiting mechanical strain. The sucrose concentration balanced by the protein transporter is used ...
The global Sucrose Market report is an information bank that delivers comprehensive information about the market ranging from the establishment to the predictable growth trend. The key points, on which the report would focus, include the production strategies incorporated by the leading market contenders, global sales growth, factors influencing and restricting the market growth, and thorough analysis by market segmentation. The global Sucrose market provides a giant platform for several firms, organizations, and manufacturers established across the world Monsanto, JK Sucralose, Tate & Lyle, Niutang, New Trend, Techno Sucralose, Hanbang, Guangdong Food Industry Institute that are competing with each other in terms of offering best possible products and services to their customers and hold significant share over the market. The report provides summarized analytical data of the market contenders globally using advanced methodological approaches, such as SWOT analysis.. Click Here To Access The ...
2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-{[(2R,3S,4R,5R,6R)-4,5-dihydroxy-6-{[(2R,3S,4R,5R,6S)-4,5,6-trihydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-3-yl]oxy}-2-({[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}methyl)oxan-3-yl]oxy}-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-3,4,5- ...
The entry of carbon from sucrose into cellular metabolism in plants can potentially be catalyzed by either sucrose synthase (SUS) or invertase (INV).
A solution of sucrose (molar mass = 342) has been prepared by dissolving 68.4g of sucrose in one kg of water. $K_f$ for water is 1.86 $K kg mol^{-1}$ and vapour pressure of water at 298 K is 0.024 atm.The freezing point of the solution will be ...
A high-fat diet isnt the only dietary contributor to high cholesterol. In fact, large amounts of sucrose consumed over time can increase triglyceride levels. While these fats are naturally present in the blood, too much can increase your risk for cardiovascular disease. According to the American Heart Association, this is attributed to a diet in which 20 percent or more of all food intake is sucrose. High triglyceride levels often go hand in hand with obesity, but this is not always the case. Sucrose can also affect your cholesterol levels by decreasing the level of high-density lipoproteins, better known as the good cholesterol. ...
I have either reviewed or read hundreds of nutrition and health books over the past thirty years as a professional in the field. Many of these books have touched upon the topic of blood sugar and diabetes. It is Dr. Hymans book The Blood Sugar Solution, however, that has struck me to be the perfect balance between helping the reader to understand the revolution that is occurring in the science of blood sugar and chronic disease with the news to use for the reader to successfully apply this breakthrough information in their own lives years before it becomes common knowledge. The questionnaires in this book engage the reader in a way that connects their lives to health solutions in a very unique manner.-Jeffrey Bland, PhD, FACN, FACB, Founder, Institute for Functional Medicine ...
The hydrolysis of sucrose into glucose and fructose in acidic water has a rate constant of at 25 degrees C. Assuming the reaction is first order in sucrose, determine the mass of sucrose that is hydrolyzed when 2.60 L of a 0.150 M ...
Sucrose octaacetate, 98%, ACROS Organics™ 1kg; Plastic bottle Sucrose octaacetate, 98%, ACROS Organics™ Carbohydrates
D(+)-Sucrose, RNase Free and DNase Free, ≥99%, For biochemistry, ACROS Organics™ 1kg; Plastic bottle D(+)-Sucrose, RNase Free and DNase Free, ≥99%, For...
Liz Hariton is raising funds for Sucrose Sucrose Hubble and Robots Dinnerware on Kickstarter! Our mission is to provide updated, high-quality chinaware, that will be cherished and handed down from generation to generation.
The Janus cassette permits marker-free allelic replacement or knockout in streptomycin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) through sequential positive and negative selection. Spontaneous revertants of Janus can lead to high level of false-positives during negative selection, which necessitate a time-consuming post-selection screening process. We hypothesized that an additional counter-selectable marker in Janus would decrease the revertant frequency and reduce false-positives, since simultaneous reversion of both counter-selectable makers is much less likely. Here we report a modified cassette, Sweet Janus (SJ), in which the sacB gene from Bacillus subtilis conferring sucrose sensitivity is added to Janus. By using streptomycin and sucrose simultaneously as selective agents, the frequency of SJ double revertants was about 105-fold lower than the frequency of Janus revertants. Accordingly, the frequency of false-positives in the SJ-mediated negative selection was about 100-fold ...
Carbohydrates in food are starch, cellulose (both polysaccharides), and sugars - particular sucrose, lactose (both disaccharides) and fructose. Most carbohydrates are too big to be absorbed directly and have to be broken down by enzymes. This can involve several steps.. Cellulose cannot be metabolized by human enzymes, but, as insoluble fibre, has positive effects on the colon. Cellulose gets fermented by bacteria in the large intestine.. The enzyme amylase breaks down starch into the sugar maltose (a disaccharide).. Maltose, lactose, and sucrose are split into monosaccharides, which is done by enzymes on the walls of the microvilli (called brush border hydrolases). The enzyme maltase, for instance, splits maltose into two molecules of glucose. Lactose is split into glucose and galactose. Sucrose is split into glucose and fructose. Glucose and galactose get actively transported away from the inside of the small intestines, through the cell walls of the microvilli, together with one sodium ion. ...
Carbohydrates in food are starch, cellulose (both polysaccharides), and sugars - particular sucrose, lactose (both disaccharides) and fructose. Most carbohydrates are too big to be absorbed directly and have to be broken down by enzymes. This can involve several steps.. Cellulose cannot be metabolized by human enzymes, but, as insoluble fibre, has positive effects on the colon. Cellulose gets fermented by bacteria in the large intestine.. The enzyme amylase breaks down starch into the sugar maltose (a disaccharide).. Maltose, lactose, and sucrose are split into monosaccharides, which is done by enzymes on the walls of the microvilli (called brush border hydrolases). The enzyme maltase, for instance, splits maltose into two molecules of glucose. Lactose is split into glucose and galactose. Sucrose is split into glucose and fructose. Glucose and galactose get actively transported away from the inside of the small intestines, through the cell walls of the microvilli, together with one sodium ion. ...
"Animal Bones". www.sucrose.com. Retrieved 2019-09-19. "A List of Bone Char Free Vegan Sugar Companies". ordinaryvegan.net. ... The refining process completely removes the molasses to give the white sugar, sucrose. It has a purity higher than 99.7%. Its ...
A number of studies have found that sucrose (sugar) has no effect on behavior and in particular it does not exacerbate the ... Benton, D (May 2008). "Sucrose and behavioral problems". Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. 48 (5): 385-401. ...
Drops: conserv.: E217, E219; sucrose, vanillin, aromatica, excip. ad solut. Syrup: conserv.: E216, E218; sucrose, vanillin, ... Drinkable solution: conserv.: E217, E219; sucrose, vanillin, aromatica, fersip, excip. ad solut. Film-coated tablets: excip. ...
It uses rhamnose and sucrose. Its type strain is strain 6175 (=CIP 80-29). In humans, it can cause gastrointestinal infections ...
It is an analog of sucrose not metabolized by higher plants, but rather acquired through the action of sucrose transporters for ... 2007). "Arabidopsis sucrose transporter AtSUC9. High-affinity transport activity, intragenic control of expression, and early ...
Sucrose (table sugar) is the prototypical example of a sweet substance. Sucrose in solution has a sweetness perception rating ... The most potent of these, lugduname, is about 225,000 times sweeter than sucrose. Hwang LD, Zhu G, Breslin PA, Reed DR, Martin ... For example, another sugar, fructose, is somewhat sweeter, being rated at 1.7 times the sweetness of sucrose. Some of the amino ... It is roughly 250 times sweeter than sucrose. Another class of potent natural sweeteners are the sweet proteins such as ...
Many different sugars can be used as the fuel for rocket candy, including glucose, fructose, and sucrose; however, sucrose is ... For example, propylene glycol helps reduce the melt viscosity of sucrose based propellants. A typical sugar propellant ... sucrose was most commonly used as fuel. Modern formulations most commonly use sorbitol for its ease of production. The most ...
... sucrose Molasses (from sugar beets) - consists of 50% sugar by dry weight, mainly sucrose, but also contains substantial ... plus a small amount of sucrose Brown sugar - Consists of a minimum 88% sucrose and invert sugar. Commercial brown sugar ... Caramel - made of a variety of sugars Carob syrup - made from carob pods Caster sugar Coconut sugar - 70-79% sucrose and 3-9% ... Examples include sucrose, lactose, and maltose. Evaporated cane juice Free sugar - all monosaccharides and disaccharides added ...
... sucrose) + H2O (water) → C6H12O6 (glucose) + C6H12O6 (fructose) Once a sucrose solution has had some of its sucrose turned into ... Holding a sucrose solution at temperatures of 50-60 °C (122-140 °F) hydrolyzes no more than about 85% of its sucrose. Finding α ... a completely hydrolyzed sucrose solution no longer has any sucrose and is a half-and-half mixture of glucose and fructose. This ... moles of sucrose and no glucose nor fructose and x {\displaystyle x} moles of sucrose are then hydrolyzed the resulting ...
It metabolizes both glucose and sucrose. In addition to morphological typing, biochemical tests are commonly used to identify ...
Common additives are glycerol and sucrose. Coomassie Brilliant Blue R-250 (CBB)(C 45H 44N 3NaO 7S 2; mW: 825.97) is the most ...
Synthesis of sucrose and other beta-D-fructofuranosyl adolases by levansucrase. An enzymic synthesis of a sucrose analog: α-D- ... Synthesis of sucrose and other beta-D-fructofuranosyl adolases by levansucrase. Hestrin, S., Feingold, D. S. and Avigad, G. J. ... An enzymic synthesis of a sucrose analog: α-D-xylopyranosyl-β-fructofuranoside. Avigad, G., Feingold, D. S. and Hestrin, S. ... Enzymatic syynthesis and reactions of a sucrose isomer α-D-galactopyransoyl β-D-fructofuranoside. Feingold, D. S., Hestrin, S. ...
Blass, Elliott; Fitzgerald, Eileen; Kehoe, Priscilla (March 1987). "Interactions between sucrose, pain and isolation distress ...
It is 2000 times sweeter than sucrose. Diaminoglyoxime is a key precursor to various compounds, containing the highly reactive ...
Its flavor ranges from bland to subtly sweet (about 10% of the sweetness of sugar/sucrose). It can be used to replace sugar, ... Oligofructose has 35% of the sweetness of sucrose, and its sweetening profile is similar to sugar. Standard inulin is slightly ... Inulin may also be synthesized from sucrose. Inulin received no-objection status as generally recognized as safe (GRAS) from ...
... of sucrose yields glucose and fructose. Invertase is a sucrase used industrially for the hydrolysis of sucrose to so ... When a carbohydrate is broken into its component sugar molecules by hydrolysis (e.g., sucrose being broken down into glucose ... The best-known disaccharide is sucrose (table sugar). ...
The sugar molecule (sucrose) is one example. However, natural chiral materials are incapable of producing a repulsive Casimir ...
Sucrase: converts sucrose into glucose and fructose. Other disaccharidases In carnivorous plants digestive enzymes and acids ...
Unlike sucrose, it is a reducing sugar. Maltose was 'discovered' by Augustin-Pierre Dubrunfaut, although this discovery was not ... A 10% solution of maltose is 35% as sweet as sucrose. Maltose is a component of malt, a substance obtained in the process of ... The lack of the sucrase-isomaltase enzyme in humans causes sucrose intolerance, but because there are four different maltase ...
Taddio A, Shah V, Shah P, Katz J (2003). "B-Endorphin concentration after administration of sucrose in preterm infants". Arch ... Blass EM, Watt LB (1999). "Suckling- and sucrose-induced analgesia in human newborns". Pain. 83 (3): 611-623. doi:10.1016/s0304 ... Stevens B, Yamada J, Ohlsson A (2010). Yamada J (ed.). "Sucrose for analgesia in newborn infants undergoing painful procedures ... Fernandez M, Blass EM, Hernandez-Reif M, Field T, Diego M, Sanders C (2003). "Sucrose attenuates a negative ...
Rippe, JM; Angelopoulos, TJ (2013). "Sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup, and fructose, their metabolism and potential health ... Kretchmer, Norman; Hollenbeck, Clarie (1991). "Fructose/Sucrose metabolism, its physiological and pathological implications". ... either as free fructose or as part of the disaccharide sucrose, and as its polymer inulin. It is also present in the form of ...
Hummingbird pollinated flowers however tend to be sucrose rich. Different plants have also developed specific adaptations for ... with hexoses being high in passerine pollinated species while those that are insect pollinated tend to be sucrose rich. ... hummingbirds and the non-hermits which forage longer distances Hummingbirds have the ability to digest sucrose unlike many ... passerines that prefer hexoses (fructose and glucose). Starlings and their relatives will completely avoid sucrose. Nectar ...
Mašek, Tomáš; Valášek, Leoš; Pospíšek, Martin (2011-01-01). Polysome analysis and RNA purification from sucrose gradients. ...
sugar, sucrose, sucrase سكّر sukkar, sugar. The word is ultimately from Sanskritic sharkara = "sugar". Cane sugar developed in ... The Latin form sucrum or the French form sucre = "sugar" produced the modern chemistry terms sucrose and sucrase. sultan, ...
Another method, rarely used, uses a sucrose gradient. Recent times have brought about the possibility to get molecular ...
In fact there is a "plethora of methods" Indeed, the taste index of 1, assigned to reference substances such as sucrose (for ... Rebaudioside A is 100 times sweeter than sucrose; fructose is about 1.4 times sweeter; glucose, a sugar found in honey and ... Taste detection thresholds for sweet substances are rated relative to sucrose, which has an index of 1. The average human ... Glucose remains about three-quarters as sweet as sucrose whether displayed as 75 or 0.75. Trivedi, Bijal P. (2012). "Gustatory ...
When grown in sucrose solution, it converts the sugar to dextrans having mostly alpha 1,6 linkages, but 1,2, 1,3, and 1,4 ... Most strains of this subspecies cannot ferment sucrose. Of the three subspecies, this ferments the least kinds of carbohydrates ... Mesenteroides, the optimum temperature of 20 and 30℃. It can also ferment Glucose, fructose, lactose, maltose, sucrose and ... also well as other sugars such as sucrose and fructose. Then, it creates ethanol, lactate, and CO2 as products of fermentation ...
White, John S. "Sucrose, HFCS, and Fructose: History, Manufacture, Composition, Applications, and Production." Fructose, High ... Fructose Corn Syrup, Sucrose and Health. By James M. Rippe. New York: Humana, 2014. N. pag. Print. Xie, Fengwei. Pollet, Eric. ...
For sucrose, "Sucrose", PubChem, National Center for Biotechnology Information. Yudkin, John (1964). "Patterns and Trends in ... Keys, Ancel (1971). "Sucrose in the Diet and Coronary Heart Disease". Atherosclerosis. 14 (2): 193-202. doi:10.1016/0021-9150( ... Yudkin, John; Janet Roddy (4 July 1964). "Levels of Dietary Sucrose in Patients with Occlusive Atherosclerotic Disease". The ... 1] "sugar consumption and cigarette smoking" Keys, A. (1971). "Sucrose in the diet and coronary heart disease". Atherosclerosis ...
Sucrose is the most prevalent sugar in maple syrup. In Canada, syrups must be made exclusively from maple sap to qualify as ... Its sweetness derives from a high content of sucrose (99% of total sugars). Its brown colour - a significant factor in the ... It consists primarily of sucrose and water, with small amounts of the monosaccharides glucose and fructose from the invert ...
... sucrose esters act as an oil-in-water emulsifier. Sucrose esters are off-white powders. Though produced from sucrose, sucrose ... It means also that, for example, a sucrose laurate blend (a sucrose grafted with a 12 carbon fatty acid) and a sucrose stearate ... Sucrose monostearate Sucrose esters were first mentioned in 1880 by Herzfeld who described the preparation of sucrose ... In 1921, Hess and Messner synthesized sucrose octapalmitate and sucrose octastearate. Both are sucrose fatty acid esters. ...
It is also called sucrose octapropanoate or octapropionyl sucrose. The preparation of sucrose octapropionate was first ... Glucose pentaacetate Sucrose octaacetate Sucrose octabutyrate Gerald J. Cox, John H. Ferguson, and Mary L. Dodds (1933): "III. ... an eight-fold ester of sucrose and propionic acid. Its molecule can be described as that of sucrose C 12H 22O 11 with its eight ... Sucrose octapropionate is only slightly soluble in water (less than 0.1 g/L) but is soluble in many common organic solvents ...
A 25 °Bx sucrose solution has 25 grams of sucrose per 100 grams of liquid; or, to put it another way, 25 grams of sucrose sugar ... Sucrose intolerance[edit]. Main article: sucrose intolerance. UN dietary recommendation[edit]. In 2015, the World Health ... Sucrose is a disaccharide made up of 50% glucose and 50% fructose and has a glycemic index of 65.[54] Sucrose is digested ... Sucrose does not deteriorate at ambient conditions. Thermal and oxidative degradation[edit]. Solubility of sucrose in water vs ...
It is important for those with sucrose intolerance to minimize sucrose consumption as much as possible. Dietary supplements or ... secondary sucrose intolerance). There are specific tests used to help determine if a person has sucrose intolerance. The most ... so-called primary sucrose intolerance). Sucrose intolerance can also be caused by irritable bowel syndrome, aging, or small ... Sucrose (also termed saccharose) is a disaccharide and is a two-sugar chain composed of glucose and fructose which are bonded ...
sucrose (sōō´krōs), commonest of the sugars, a white, crystalline solid disaccharide (see carbohydrate [1]) with a sweet taste ... Sucrose Chemical Compounds COPYRIGHT 2006 Thomson Gale. Sucrose. OVERVIEW. Sucrose (SUE-krose) is a white crystalline solid or ... Consumed in moderate amounts, sucrose poses no health hazards to humans or other animals. Eating excessive amounts of sucrose, ... su·crose / ˈsoōˌkrōs/ • n. Chem. a compound, C12H22O11, that is the chief component of cane or beet sugar. ...
Source for information on sucrose intolerance: A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition dictionary. ... www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sucrose-intolerance ... www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sucrose-intolerance ... "sucrose intolerance ." A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition. . Encyclopedia.com. 4 Jul. 2020 ,https://www.encyclopedia.com,. ...
Sucrose regulates amino acid metabolism reprogramming by controlling bZIP11 translation. (A) When sucrose concentrations are ... Sucrose acts as a signalling molecule in the control of translation of the S1 class basic leucine zipper transcription factor ( ... B) When sucrose concentrations are high, bZIP11 is translationally repressed and KIN10/11 activity is low. Thus, bZIP11 target ... Sucrose-mediated translational control.. Hummel M1, Rahmani F, Smeekens S, Hanson J. ...
Iron Sucrose Injection: learn about side effects, dosage, special precautions, and more on MedlinePlus ... Before receiving iron sucrose injection,. *tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to iron sucrose injection; any ... Iron sucrose injection may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away: * ... Iron sucrose injection is used treat iron-deficiency anemia (a lower than normal number of red blood cells due to too little ...
Beet sugar, Cane sugar, Confectioners sugar, Granulated sugar, Rock candy, Saccarose, Sugar, Table sugar Hard, white, odorless crystals, lumps, or powder. [Note: May have a characteristic, caramel odor when heated.]
Sucrose Distearate is a mixture of sucrose esters of stearic acid consisting primarily of thediester. ...
About SUCROSE DILAURATE: Sucrose Dilaurate is a diester of lauric acid and Sucrose (q.v.).. Function(s): Skin-Conditioning ...
Reactions between sucrose and esters of long chain fatty acids customarily have been conducted in a mutual solvent, such as ... based on the weight of sucrose. The type of fatty acid ester employed also markedly affected the yield of sucrose esters. Among ... Oleate Palmitate Fatty Acid Ester Methyl Palmitate Sucrose Ester These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. ... Reactions between sucrose and esters of long chain fatty acids customarily have been conducted in a mutual solvent, such as ...
Discover Sucrose concert details and information. Explore Sucrose photos, videos, and more from past shows. ... Find all tickets for all Sucrose upcoming shows. ...
Sucrose Two was published by Yellow Design Studio in 2015, and is available for Desktop, Web, DigitalAds, App, ePub, and Server ...
Sucrose polyester definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it ... A complex synthetic compound of sucrose and fatty acids that the body is unable to digest or absorb, produced commercially as a ...
Sucrose is one of the main products of photosynthesis in plants, and the most common form of carbohydrate transported from ... Figure 1. Sucrose metabolism in plants. (a) Sucrose is synthesised via the phosphorylated intermediate sucrose‐6′‐phosphate ( ... Sucrose is synthesised via the phosphorylated intermediate sucrose‐6′‐phosphate, by sucrose‐phosphate synthase (SPS) and ... Reactions are catalysed by the following enzymes: (1) 1‐sucrose:sucrose fructosyltransferase (1‐SST); (2) 6‐sucrose:fructan ...
Stocking and tracking sucrose was an issue for units.. One of the first questions to ask when introducing sucrose is the form ... Sucrose guidelines are presented in Tables 2 and 3. Implementation of oral sucrose for procedural pain will be unique in each ... Evidence to Support Sucrose Analgesia. The use of oral sucrose to decrease pain during painful or stressful procedures is the ... Precise sucrose dosing and age parameters are not well defined. Sucrose volumes ranging from 0.05 mL to 2 mL have been ...
Biochemically, theyre both carbohydrates -- fructose is a monosaccharide and sucrose is a... ... Fructose and sucrose both fall under the designation of sugars. ... Sucrose Chemistry. Sucrose is a disaccharide, so it consists of ... Sucrose is commonly called table sugar, and while there are sources of sucrose in food -- it occurs naturally in fruit, for ... Your cells use sucrose similar to how they use fructose -- particularly because sucrose contains 50 percent fructose. Cells can ...
DYSPEPSIA HEADACHE (sucrose) pellet. NDC Code(s): 64117-282-01, 64117-282-02 *Packager: Natural Health Supply ... A-5 (sucrose) solution. NDC Code(s): 58264-0297-1 *Packager: DNA Labs, Inc. ... SODIUM FERRIC GLUCONATE COMPLEX IN SUCROSE injection. NDC Code(s): 0143-9570-01, 0143-9570-10 *Packager: Hikma Pharmaceuticals ... SODIUM FERRIC GLUCONATE COMPLEX IN SUCROSE injection. NDC Code(s): 0143-9298-01, 0143-9298-10 *Packager: Hikma Pharmaceuticals ...
Tag: sucrose. * Brewing Instructions - Full Pints Killing Candi March 1, 2006 - Randy Mosher As a writer, brewer and marketing ...
... the chlorinated version of sucrose, and the main ingredient in Splenda and Altern--is what most people refer to as ordinary ... Consumption of sucrose in excessive amounts can cause the body to store the sucrose in the form of fat inside the organs, body ... Sucrose--not to be confused with sucralose, the chlorinated version of sucrose, and the main ingredient in Splenda and Altern-- ... Sucrose Ingredients. Concentrated sugar beet juice or sugar cane are the main ingredients of sucrose. Glucose and fructose are ...
Iron sucrose is used to treat iron deficiency anemia in people with kidney disease. Iron sucrose is not for treating other ... Iron sucrose is a form of the mineral iron. Iron is important for many functions in the body, especially for the transport of ... How is iron sucrose given?. Iron sucrose is given as an injection through a needle placed into a vein or directly into a ... What is iron sucrose?. Iron sucrose is a form of the mineral iron. Iron is important for many functions in the body, especially ...
Testing Status of Sucrose 10055-T. CASRN: 57-50-1. Formula: C12-H22-O11. Synonyms/Common Names. *alpha-D-glucopyranoside, beta- ...
Liz Hariton is raising funds for Sucrose Sucrose Hubble and Robots Dinnerware on Kickstarter! Our mission is to provide updated ... Sucrose Sucroses mission is to produce and sell updated, high-quality chinaware, that will be cherished and handed down from ... Sucrose Sucrose Hubble and Robots Dinnerware. Our mission is to provide updated, high-quality chinaware, that will be cherished ... Set the Table - Dinner for Four in your home, prepared by Sucrose Sucrose. We will bring you four sets of dishes in your choice ...
Looking for SPECTRUM Sucrose,Biotc,12kg (6MGD6)? Graingers got your back. Price:$767.00. Easy ordering & convenient delivery. ...
... is 204 g sucrose/100 g water. Solubility varies with the temperature of the solution. As the temperature of the water... ... The solubility of sucrose in water at 20 degrees Celsius (60 degrees Fahrenheit) ... The solubility of sucrose in water at 20 degrees Celsius (60 degrees Fahrenheit) is 204 g sucrose/100 g water. Solubility ... The following list shows the solubility of sucrose in water at various temperatures (given in Celsius): *0 degrees: 179 g/100 g ...
The thermal decomposition of sucrose was considered to start at temperature higher than 195°C. Sucrose decomposes as. ... In vitro sucrose increases protein stability and forces partially unfolded structures to refold. Thin films of sucrose (C12H22O ... Sucrose biomolecular thin films were grown by vacuum deposition techniques. The sucrose thin films vacuum deposited on glass ... In Figure 1 (sample S and sample S1), we present the SEM micrographs for sucrose powder (sample S) and sucrose thin film ...
... Date: Mon Jan 14 06:34:12 2008. Posted By: Eli Hestermann, Assistant Professor ... She said that sucrose is used as an osmotic stabilizer so that the chloroplast doesnt disintegrate. In other words, the buffer ... just uses sucrose as a convenient large molecule that wont cross the membrane, not for any particular biological activity. ...
There are many types of disaccharides in the nature but most important are sucrose and lactose ... Utilization of Sucrose. sucrose has two fates and are utilized either to produce energy through glycolysis and other succiding ... Sucrose. Sucrose is a disaccharide found in plants as transport form of sugar. It is a major product of photosynthesis, ... The last step is to cleave the phosphate group to release free sucrose catalyzed by sucrose 6-phosphate phoaphatase. ...
  • Sucrose (also termed saccharose) is a disaccharide and is a two-sugar chain composed of glucose and fructose which are bonded together. (wikipedia.org)
  • sucrose (sōō´krōs) , commonest of the sugars, a white, crystalline solid disaccharide (see carbohydrate ) with a sweet taste, melting and decomposing at 186°C to form caramel. (encyclopedia.com)
  • sucrose intolerance See disaccharide intolerance . (encyclopedia.com)
  • sucrose ocataacetate Sucrose is a disaccharide formed from condensation of glucose and fructose to produce α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-fructofuranoside. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sucrose is a nonreducing disaccharide and is synthesised in the cytosol via the phosphorylated intermediate, sucrose‐6′‐phosphate. (els.net)
  • Biochemically, they're both carbohydrates -- fructose is a monosaccharide and sucrose is a disaccharide, meaning that fructose is made of a single sugar unit, while sucrose is made of two sugar units. (livestrong.com)
  • Sucrose is a disaccharide, so it consists of two sugar units chemically linked together, explain Drs. Reginald Garrett and Charles Grisham in their book "Biochemistry. (livestrong.com)
  • Sucrose is a disaccharide found in plants as transport form of sugar. (infobarrel.com)
  • Sucrose is probably the most widely used disaccharide. (livestrong.com)
  • Sucrose is a sweet crystalline dextrorotatory disaccharide that occurs naturally in all green plants as a byproduct of photosynthesis. (livestrong.com)
  • Unlike most other disaccharides, sucrose is a nonreducing disaccharide that does not have the same reactive tendencies of other sugars like maltose. (livestrong.com)
  • Sucrose , or as most know it, table sugar or even simply " sugar ", is a disaccharide almost exclusively known as the primary artificial sweetener used in innumerable kinds of foods, though it actually is used in some chemistry settings. (sciencemadness.org)
  • Sucrose is a disaccharide composed of equal parts glucose (dextrose) and fructose , two monosaccharides. (sciencemadness.org)
  • The "regular" or white sugar that we use commonly in our food is sucrose, a disaccharide. (bewellbuzz.com)
  • The word "sucrose" was coined in 1857 by the English chemist William Miller [6] from the French sucre ("sugar") and the generic chemical suffix for sugars -ose . (wikipedia.org)
  • Saccharose is an obsolete name for sugars in general, especially sucrose. (wikipedia.org)
  • This linkage inhibits further bonding to other saccharide units, and prevents sucrose from spontaneously reacting with cellular and circulatory macromolecules in the manner that glucose and other reducing sugars do. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can be hydrolysed by cell wall invertases and imported into the cells as hexose sugars, or taken up intact and metabolised by intracellular invertases or sucrose synthase. (els.net)
  • Fructose and sucrose both fall under the designation of sugars. (livestrong.com)
  • According to Dr. Jason Barker, N.D., author of the article "The Adverse Effects of Sucrose," "sucrose is the largest of the sugars and must actually be split in half, or metabolised before it contributes to the energy systems of the body. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Diabetic person can not utilize sweet sugars like sucrose, fructose and then need artificial no calorie sweeteners to fulfill their taste. (infobarrel.com)
  • Maltose and sucrose are both forms of sugars known as disaccharides. (livestrong.com)
  • Disaccharides like maltose and sucrose have to be broken down into monosaccharide sugars by digestive enzymes before they can be absorbed through the small intestine and into the bloodstream. (livestrong.com)
  • There are many different types of sugars, with sucrose being the most common, maltose being the least common and glucose being the body's preferred source of energy. (livestrong.com)
  • If you limited yourself to asking whether sucrose, fructose or glucose would make phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) faster than one of the other sugars, then you might find a small difference, but not anything that you'd really be interested in. (madsci.org)
  • Francois B. Paul, Pierre F. Monsan, Magali M. C. Remaud, Vincent P. Pelenc, 'Process for the enzymatic preparation from sucrose of a mixture of sugars having a high content of isomaltose, and products obtained. (drugbank.ca)
  • The hydrolysis of sucrose is sometimes referred to as an invert sugar because the angle of the polarized light changes from a positive value to a negative value with the optical isomers present in the sucrose sugars (fructose and glucose). (reference.com)
  • As sugars are readily consumed by many yeasts and converted to alcohol by fermentation, sucrose is a useful starting point for the fermentation process that yields ethanol for use as a chemical reagent. (sciencemadness.org)
  • It found no evidence of adverse impacts from consumption of normal levels of either sucrose or HFCS on weight, ability to lose weight, or increased risk factors for chronic disease, nor were other differences found between the two sugars. (science20.com)
  • The spike in caloric intake is from added fats and a consistently high calorie intake from flour and cereal products, not sugars of either the sucrose or HFCS kind. (science20.com)
  • I've not used sucrose in a starter because I've read in a number of places that it can have a negative impact on the yeasts ability to use the more complex sugars in wort. (homebrewtalk.com)
  • Sucrose and trehalose, both fermentable sugars, were the compatible osmolytes accumulated in response to the osmotic stress. (scirp.org)
  • The objectives of this study were to review the use of oral sucrose for procedural pain management in NICUs, develop potentially better practice guidelines that are based on the best current evidence, and provide ideas for the implementation of these potentially better practices. (aappublications.org)
  • These studies show efficacy in reducing pain behaviors in infants with the use of oral sucrose by pacifier or via syringe drops that are administered onto the tongue or the cheek. (aappublications.org)
  • The use of oral sucrose to decrease pain during painful or stressful procedures is the most extensively studied pharmacologic intervention in neonates. (aappublications.org)
  • Administration of oral sucrose with and without non-nutritive sucking is frequently used as a non-pharmacological intervention for procedural pain relief in neonates. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • To determine the efficacy, effect of dose and safety of oral sucrose for relieving procedural pain in neonates. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The neonatal sister suggests you give the baby some oral sucrose before the procedure as analgesia. (bestbets.org)
  • Further work is required to elucidate the safety of oral sucrose particularly in very low birth weight babies and others at risk of developing necrotising enterocolitis. (bestbets.org)
  • Sucrose acts as a signalling molecule in the control of translation of the S1 class basic leucine zipper transcription factor (bZIP) genes. (nih.gov)
  • The polar sucrose moiety serves as a hydrophilic end of the molecule, while the long fatty acid chain serves as a lipophilic end of the molecule. (wikipedia.org)
  • Specifically, sucrose consists of a fructose molecule bonded to a glucose molecule. (livestrong.com)
  • In other words, the buffer just uses sucrose as a convenient large molecule that won't cross the membrane, not for any particular biological activity. (madsci.org)
  • 458 sucrose molecule stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. (shutterstock.com)
  • In the hydrolysis process, sucrose is broken down by a water molecule, which separates the H from the water to add to the oxygen on the glucose by breaking the acetal bond first. (reference.com)
  • One sucrose molecule binds at the active-site cleft of the enzyme. (rcsb.org)
  • Plants use sucrose as a transport molecule via the phloem. (biology-online.org)
  • Since sucrose contains no anomeric hydroxyl groups, it is classified as a non-reducing sugar. (wikipedia.org)
  • The chemical name of sucrose is O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-fructofuranoside and as there is no free anometic hydroxy group (at carbon 2) it is non reducing sugar. (infobarrel.com)
  • C12H22O11 + heat → 12 C + 11 H2O 12 C + 12 O2 → 12 CO2 Hydrolysis breaks the glycosidic bond converting sucrose into glucose and fructose. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hydrolysis is, however, so slow that solutions of sucrose can sit for years with negligible change. (wikipedia.org)
  • At pH higher than 8, saponification (hydrolysis of the ester bond to release the original sucrose and the salt of fatty acids) might occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • PDB accession 1TJ5) shows hydrolysis of Suc6P to sucrose and Pi and movement of the Mg 2+ ion cofactor (green) within the active site. (els.net)
  • b) There are two routes of sucrose breakdown in plants, hydrolysis by invertase and cleavage by sucrose synthase. (els.net)
  • Once digested, sucrose is broken down by acidic hydrolysis into glucose and fructose so it can be absorbed through the small intestines into the bloodstream. (livestrong.com)
  • What takes place during the hydrolysis of sucrose? (reference.com)
  • During the hydrolysis of sucrose, sucrose forms a 1:1 mixture of glucose and fructose. (reference.com)
  • Sucrose can be split into these two components by an extremely slow hydrolysis which is easily catalyzed by the addition of a weak acid such as potassium bitartrate (cream of tartar) or citric acid , and through mild heating. (sciencemadness.org)
  • In scientific literature, the concentration of sucrose solutions is always given as % (w/w) or grams/liter. (lsu.edu)
  • For 10% 20% and 30% concentration of sucrose in the water ---weight increases. (solucija.com)
  • Transgenic PtrSUS1 lines also had a higher tolerance to higher concentration of sucrose which was reflective of the increased SUS activity in transgenic versus wild-type plants. (scirp.org)
  • Sucrose intolerance, also called sucrase-isomaltase deficiency, congenital sucrase-isomaltase deficiency (CSID), or genetic sucrase-isomaltase deficiency (GSID), is the condition in which sucrase-isomaltase, an enzyme needed for proper metabolism of sucrose (sugar) and starch (i.e., grains and rice), is not produced or the enzyme produced is either partially functional or non-functional in the small intestine. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1939, Cantor, who patented a production route of sucrose fatty acid esters from starch factory by-products, claimed that the products could be used as emulsifying agents or fats. (wikipedia.org)
  • In sink organs, sucrose is broken down by invertase or sucrose synthase to provide carbon and energy for growth and accumulation of storage reserves, such as starch, oil and fructans. (els.net)
  • In leaves, the rate of sucrose synthesis is tightly coordinated with the rates of photosynthetic carbon dioxide fixation and starch synthesis in the chloroplasts. (els.net)
  • 3% of energy was derived from sucrose, and carbohydrate energy came primarily from starch. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • At day 28, mean plasma glucose values for the sucrose diet were 9.6 ± 0.5 mM and for the starch diet were 9.4 ± 0.6 mM ( P = 0.63). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Arabidopsis sucrose synthase 2 and 3 modulate metabolic homeostasis and direct carbon towards starch synthesis in developing seeds. (uniprot.org)
  • Wistar rats were maintained for 7-10 weeks on a starch (ST) diet, sucrose (SU) diet, or diet supplemented with metformin (SU + MET). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The corn sugar industry has been on the defensive in a marketing campaign against them by the sugar industry and attempts to rebrand themselves as 'corn sugar' are being met with lawsuits from the sugar farming industry because they note that HFCS is made from corn starch, though it contains roughly equivalent amounts of glucose and fructose, just like sucrose does. (science20.com)
  • Starch and sucrose metabolism - Bacillus subtilis subsp. (genome.jp)
  • 2005) Sucrose synthase controls both intracellular ADP glucose levels and transitory starch biosynthesis in source leaves. (scirp.org)
  • If the cell has been growing on something like succinate, then glycolysis is minimal and it won't initially grow on either sucrose or glucose or fructose. (madsci.org)
  • They sought to compare the effects of sucrose on energy intake, energy expenditure and appetite sensation on overweight subjects who participated in 10-week supplementation of either sucrose or artificial sweeteners. (foodnavigator.com)
  • Additional toxicological data on sucrose esters of fatty acids were available and are summarized and discussed in the following monograph addenda. (inchem.org)
  • Sucrose is synthesised via the phosphorylated intermediate sucrose‐6′‐phosphate, by sucrose‐phosphate synthase (SPS) and sucrose‐phosphatase (SPP). (els.net)
  • Domain architecture of sucrose‐phosphate synthase (SPS) and sucrose‐phosphatase (SPP) from bacteria and plants. (els.net)
  • Thus formed UDP-glucose is condensed with fructose 6-phosphate to form sucrose 6-phosphate catalyzed by sucrose phosphate synthase or more preferentially called as sucrose 6-phosphate synthase. (infobarrel.com)
  • In plants, sucrose synthase (SUS) enzymes catalyze conversion of sucrose into fructose and UDP-glucose in the presence of UDP. (scirp.org)
  • Konishi, T., Ohmiya, Y. and Hayashi, T. (2004) Evidence that sucrose loaded into the phloem of a poplar leaf is used directly by sucrose synthase associated with various beta-glucan synthases in the stem. (scirp.org)
  • Klotz, K.L. and Haagenson, D.M. (2008) Wounding, anoxia and cold induce sugarbeet sucrose synthase transcriptional changes that are unrelated to protein expression and activity. (scirp.org)
  • Winter, H., Huber, J.L. and Huber, S.C. (1997) Membrane association of sucrose synthase: changes during the graviresponse and possible control by protein phosphorylation. (scirp.org)
  • Winter, H., Huber, J.L. and Huber, S.C. (1998) Identification of sucrose synthase as an actin-binding protein. (scirp.org)
  • Etxeberria, E. and Gonzalez, P. (2003) Evidence for a tonoplast-associated form of sucrose synthase and its potential involvement in sucrose mobilization from the vacuole. (scirp.org)
  • Carlson, S.J. and Chourey, P.S. (1996) Evidence for plasma membrane-associated forms of sucrose synthase in maize. (scirp.org)
  • Hardin, S.C., Duncan, K.A. and Huber, S.C. (2006) Determination of structural requirements and probable regulatory effectors for membrane association of maize sucrose synthase. (scirp.org)
  • Your doctor will determine how often you receive iron sucrose injection and your total number of doses based on your condition and how well you respond to the medication. (medlineplus.gov)
  • If you miss an appointment to receive iron sucrose injection, call your doctor as soon as possible. (medlineplus.gov)
  • What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before I receive iron sucrose? (rexhealth.com)
  • Iron sucrose injection is used treat iron-deficiency anemia (a lower than normal number of red blood cells due to too little iron) in people with chronic kidney disease (damage to the kidneys which may worsen over time and may cause the kidneys to stop working). (medlineplus.gov)
  • Iron sucrose injection is in a class of medications called iron replacement products. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Iron sucrose injection comes as a solution (liquid) to inject intravenously (into a vein) by a doctor or nurse in a medical office or hospital outpatient clinic. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Iron sucrose injection may cause severe or life-threatening reactions while you receive the medication. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Your doctor will watch you carefully while you receive each dose of iron sucrose injection and for at least 30 minutes afterwards. (medlineplus.gov)
  • or any of the ingredients in iron sucrose injection. (medlineplus.gov)
  • If you become pregnant while receiving iron sucrose injection treatment, call your doctor. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Iron sucrose injection may cause side effects. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Your doctor will check your blood pressure and order certain lab tests to check your body's response to iron sucrose injection. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Iron sucrose injection may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide. (rexhealth.com)
  • Iron sucrose injection is not expected to be harmful to an unborn baby. (rexhealth.com)
  • You will be watched closely for at least 30 minutes after receiving an iron sucrose injection, to make sure you do not have an allergic reaction to the medicine. (rexhealth.com)
  • Call your doctor for instructions if you miss an appointment for your iron sucrose injection. (rexhealth.com)
  • Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity while you are using iron sucrose injection. (rexhealth.com)
  • Your doctor or pharmacist can provide more information about iron sucrose injection. (rexhealth.com)
  • You digest sucrose into monosaccharides -- fructose and glucose -- using a digestive enzyme called sucrase. (livestrong.com)
  • This enzyme occurs in the intestine, and allows you to absorb the monosaccharides from sources of sucrose. (livestrong.com)
  • What is notable about sucrose is that, unlike most disaccharides, the glycosidic bond is formed between the reducing ends of both glucose and fructose, and not between the reducing end of one and the nonreducing end of the other. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sucrose and trehalose are the only common nonreducing disaccharides found in nature, and their metabolism is inextricably linked in plants. (els.net)
  • For human consumption, sucrose is extracted, and refined, from either sugar cane or sugar beet . (wikipedia.org)
  • It is important for those with sucrose intolerance to minimize sucrose consumption as much as possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • Consumption of sucrose in excessive amounts can cause the body to store the sucrose in the form of fat inside the organs, body and blood. (ehow.co.uk)
  • In addition, sucrose acetate isobutyrate is used predominantly in citrus beverages especially energy drinks as a flavor emulsion stabilizer or weighting agent to prevent separation of essential citrus oils which leads to increase its demand in food and beverages market and consumption rate across the globe. (webnewswire.com)
  • Sucrose acetate isobutyrate plays an important role in maintaining the drink's flavor which enhances the drinks taste and consumption. (webnewswire.com)
  • The sucrose acetate isobutyrate market is projected to register healthy growth due to rising consumption of energy drinks across the globe. (webnewswire.com)
  • SDPS, consisting of five social defeat episodes followed by prolonged (≥8 weeks) social isolation, did not affect sucrose consumption during acquisition of self-administration. (frontiersin.org)
  • bZIP11, a member of the S1 class bZIP genes, harbours four uORFs of which uORF2 is required for translational control in response to sucrose concentrations. (nih.gov)
  • The following study explores the competitiveness and fitness of S. mutans when grown with different concentrations of sucrose. (nih.gov)
  • There is an accepted range of sucrose concentrations used by most people. (lsu.edu)
  • BIOLOGICAL DATA 2.2 Toxicological studies 2.2.2 Short-term studies 2.2.2.1 Dogs Groups of three male and three female beagle dogs received in their diet sucrose esters of mixed stearic and palmitic acids at concentrations of 0.3%, 1% or 3% daily for 26 weeks. (inchem.org)
  • The growth differences between wild-type and transgenic plants, either in root and hypocotyl length or in fresh and dry weight of whole plant, became more pronounced on the media containing higher sucrose concentrations. (scirp.org)
  • Sugar-sweetened beverages include those sweetened with sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup, or fruit-juice concentrates (not artificially sweetened drinks. (rainbow.coop)
  • Source: "High Fructose Corn Syrup, Sucrose and Fructose: What Do We Really Know? (science20.com)
  • Although maltose is not as sweet as sucrose it is still used as a sweetener. (livestrong.com)
  • It doesn't taste as sweet as sucrose, nor can you dissolve as much in water. (jimseven.com)
  • The resistance was strongly associated with the Gtf activity, excluding any intracellular metabolic effect of sucrose in the resistance mechanism. (nih.gov)
  • Are you sure you want to remove Effect of sucrose on the production of flavor compounds by yogurt culture bacteria from your list? (openlibrary.org)
  • No such conditioning has been demonstrated convincingly but there is concern that parents, impressed by the calming effect of sucrose, will continue to use it at home. (bestbets.org)
  • Lower esters were best produced with combinations of lithium oleate with sodium or potassium oleate employed at a level of about 25% total soaps, based on the weight of sucrose. (springer.com)
  • To measure the weight of sucrose, I took a 5 pound bag of C&H cane sugar to the lab and made 10 separate measurements using a calibrated 8 oz measuring cup. (lsu.edu)
  • An earlier study investigated whether the effects of sucrose were attributable to the sweet taste or the carbohydrate content, and it was determined to be attributable to effect of sweetness, with any solution 12% or higher being effective. (aappublications.org)
  • The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of D-fagomine on glycaemic response to sucrose in men. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • To determine and compare glycaemic response to sucrose of D-Fagomine and control in the timeframe of 180 minutes. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Biosynthesis of these types of biomolecules involve successive addition of sucrose unites catalysed by different enzymes. (infobarrel.com)
  • Results showed that addition of either saccharin or aspartame to yogurt resulted in increased weight gain compared to addition of sucrose, however total caloric intake was similar among groups. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • On the basis of many studies and a Cochrane review of the efficacy of sucrose as an analgesic for procedural pain in neonates, 7 sucrose became the focus of a potentially better practice for the pain and analgesia group. (aappublications.org)
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics has endorsed oral administration of sucrose to reduce pain that is associated with procedures. (aappublications.org)
  • Administration of sucrose to the stomach by nasogastric tube is not an effective analgesic. (aappublications.org)
  • An optimal dose could not be identified due to inconsistency in effective sucrose dosage among studies.Further investigation on repeated administration of sucrose in neonates and the use of sucrose in combination with other non-pharmacological (e.g. behavioural, physical) and pharmacologic interventions is needed. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • However, using too much sucrose can induce some unpleasant side effects. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Saccharin and aspartame, compared with sucrose, induce greater weight gain in adult rats, at similar total caloric intake levels. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • In the study, high-sucrose feeding was used to induce whole-body insulin resistance. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • High-sucrose feeding has been used to induce whole-body insulin resistance, and the time course of the metabolic changes are highly reproducible ( 16 , 18 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The type of fatty acid ester employed also markedly affected the yield of sucrose esters. (springer.com)
  • This part of the article aims at disambiguating of the notion of HLB, "Hydrophile - Lipophile Balance", attributed to Sucrose Fatty Acid Ester surfactants (also named sucrose esters or sugar esters). (wikipedia.org)
  • 7 Significant decreases in crying, grimacing, heart rate, and pain scores have been reported in neonates who were given sucrose solution before a procedure when compared with water, 7 and repeating the dose every 2 minutes up to 3 times increases the effect. (aappublications.org)
  • Randomized controlled trials in which term and/or preterm neonates (postnatal age maximum of 28 days corrected for postmenstrual age) received sucrose for procedural pain. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Sucrose significantly reduced duration of total crying time (seconds) [WMD -39.26 (95% CI -44.29, -34.24), 88 neonates], but did not reduce duration of first cry (seconds) during heel lance [WMD -8.99 (95% CI -20.07, 2.10), 192 neonates]. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Oxygen saturation (%) was significantly lower in infants given sucrose during ROP examination compared to controls [WMD -2.58 (95% CI -4.94, - 0.23), 62 neonates]. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Infants given sucrose post-heel lance had significantly lower PIPP scores at 30 seconds [WMD -1.64 (95% CI -2.47, - 0.81), 220 neonates] and 60 seconds [WMD -2.05 (95% CI -3.08, -1.02), 195 neonates]. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • For ROP exams, sucrose did not significantly reduce PIPP scores [WMD -0.65 (95% CI -1.88, 0.59), 82 neonates]. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Sucrose use in extremely low birth-weight and unstable and/or ventilated neonates needs to be addressed. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • All fourteen studies included in the Cochrane Review and the three additional studies quoted above show a significant reduction in indicators of pain when sucrose is used for analgesia in preterm and term neonates undergoing blood sampling. (bestbets.org)
  • The food industry commonly uses sucrose as a sweetener in commercial products because it is both sweet and functional. (livestrong.com)
  • Sugar mills are located where sugar cane is grown to crush the cane and produce raw sugar which is shipped around the world for refining into pure sucrose. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some sugar mills also process the raw sugar into pure sucrose. (wikipedia.org)
  • The by-now clear sugar syrup is then concentrated by boiling under a vacuum and crystallized as the final purification process to produce crystals of pure sucrose. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sugar mills - typically located in tropical regions near where sugarcane is grown - crush the cane and produce raw sugar which is shipped to other factories for refining into pure sucrose. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is a slightly less pure sucrose than our 190271. (fishersci.ca)
  • Taken together, these results showed that the early flowering, faster growth and increased tolerance to higher sucrose in transgenic lines were caused by the genome integration and constitutive expression of the aspen PtrSUS1 gene in transgenic Arabidopsis. (scirp.org)
  • Sucrose has 8 hydroxyl groups which can be reacted with fatty acid esters to produce sucrose esters. (wikipedia.org)
  • Typical saturated fatty acids that are used to produce sucrose esters are lauric acid, myristic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid and behenic acid, and typical unsaturated fatty acids are oleic acid and erusic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some plants produce sucrose, such as the sugar cane and sugar beet. (biology-online.org)
  • L-arabinose is a sweet-tasting sugar which is inexpensive, easily absorbed and has been shown to reduce the absorption of dietary sucrose. (rainbow.coop)
  • Objective- To assess in diabetic subjects the effects of dietary sucrose on glycemia and lipemia. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Sucrose metabolism in plants. (els.net)
  • In cell metabolism, membrane resistance under sucrose is very low because of a large negative surface potential [ 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The role and interaction of sorbitol and sucrose metabolism was studied in mature leaves (source) and shoot tips (sinks) of "Nemaguard" peach under drought stress. (usda.gov)
  • In vitro sucrose increases protein stability and forces partially unfolded structures to refold. (hindawi.com)
  • In particular, the study of sucrose-protein interactions has attracted considerable attention for the importance of sucrose in biochemical science and in the pharmaceutical industry, where it is commonly used as an additive to protein formulations, to protect labile proteins from the harmful effects of high temperature, freezing, and drying [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • In general the lysis buffer will contain a detergent like triton to solubilize the membranes, sucrose for the reasons above, enzymes to eliminate something that you don't want, for example is you want DNA only then add Rnase and protease, if want protein only then add a nuclease and protease inhibitors to protect proteins and so on. (protocol-online.org)
  • LeSUT2 protein colocalizes with the low- and high-affinity sucrose transporters in sieve elements of tomato petioles, indicating that multiple SUT mRNAs or proteins travel from companion cells to enucleate sieve elements. (plantcell.org)
  • sucrose gradient for protein fractionation? (protocol-online.org)
  • Sucrose Distearate is a mixture of sucrose esters of stearic acid consisting primarily of thediester. (ewg.org)
  • the process is called inversion and the sugar mixture produced is known as invert sugar because, although sucrose itself rotates plane-polarized light to the right, the mixture "inverts" this light by rotating it to the left. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Glucose exists predominantly as a mixture of α and β "pyranose" anomers, but sucrose has only the α form. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fructose exists as a mixture of five tautomers but sucrose has only the β-D-fructofuranose form. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rather than burn on its own when heated in a flame, sucrose decomposes unevenly into a mixture of organic compounds, carbon, and water, commonly known as the confectionery caramel , accompanied by a pleasant smell. (sciencemadness.org)
  • A collaboration of 12 centers of the Vermont Oxford Network worked together to review the strength of the evidence, clinical indications, dosage, administration, and contraindications and identify potential adverse effects for the use of sucrose analgesia as the basis of potentially better practices for sucrose analgesia guidelines. (aappublications.org)
  • The goal was to standardize recommendations for sucrose analgesia. (aappublications.org)
  • Stevens B, Yamada J, Ohlsson A. Sucrose for analgesia in newborn infants undergoing painful procedures. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • TY - JOUR T1 - Sucrose for analgesia in newborn infants undergoing painful procedures. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Abdominal cramps and bloating Diarrhea and constipation Vomiting Hypoglycemia and headaches Poor weight gain and growth Upper respiratory tract and viral diseases Anxiety and heart palpitations Excess gas production Sucrose intolerance can be caused by genetic mutations in which both parents must contain this gene for the child to carry the disease (so-called primary sucrose intolerance). (wikipedia.org)
  • Sucrose intolerance can also be caused by irritable bowel syndrome, aging, or small intestine disease (secondary sucrose intolerance). (wikipedia.org)
  • There are specific tests used to help determine if a person has sucrose intolerance. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was believed that most cases of sucrose intolerance were to do an autosomal recessive, genetic, metabolic disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intestinal sucrase deficiency presenting as sucrose intolerance in adult life. (bmj.com)
  • Neale G. , Clark M. , Levin B. . Intestinal sucrase deficiency presenting as sucrose intolerance in adult life. (bmj.com)
  • Sucrose Dilaurate is a diester of lauric acid and Sucrose (q.v. (ewg.org)
  • Sucrose is one of the main products of photosynthesis in plants, and the most common form of carbohydrate transported from source to sink organs. (els.net)
  • Sucrose is one of the main products of photosynthesis and the most common transport sugar in plants. (els.net)
  • Sucrose, the major product of photosynthesis in mature leaves, is loaded into the vascular tissue for translocation to heterotrophic tissues to support their growth. (plantcell.org)
  • There were no differences in adverse effects between sucrose and control groups. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Iron sucrose is given as an injection through a needle placed into a vein or directly into a dialysis line. (rexhealth.com)
  • Venofer injection contains iron sucrose, a form of the mineral iron. (drugs.com)
  • sucrose has two fates and are utilized either to produce energy through glycolysis and other succiding pathways or to provide precursors for different biosynthetic pathways to yield different types of glycoproteins and polysaccharides on which there is a sucrose core unit. (infobarrel.com)
  • Sucrose-cleaving enzyme that provides UDP-glucose and fructose for various metabolic pathways. (uniprot.org)
  • Because fructose tastes much sweeter than sucrose, it's possible to obtain a similar sweetness effect from fewer grams, and fewer calories,f of fructose than of sucrose. (livestrong.com)
  • For the original study ( published ​ in 2002), supplements of sucrose-sweetened beverages and foods (2 grams per kilogram of body weight) or similar amounts containing artificial sweeteners (e.g., stevia, aspartame) were given single-blind to 42 subjects in a 10-week parallel design. (foodnavigator.com)
  • Solution of sucrose is saturated at 130 grams of sucrose in 100 grams of water at a particular temperature. (solucija.com)
  • 130grams sucrose/100 grams water = 1.3 g sucrose/g water 300 g water x 1.3 g sucrose/ g water = 390. (solucija.com)
  • Chemistry Question - How many grams of sucrose must be dissolved in 900mL of water to make 80% (W/W) sucrose? (solucija.com)
  • Can you help me calculate the grams of sucrose and water? (solucija.com)
  • 30 mg (initial dose), with 50 grams of sucrose in 200 ml of water. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • 0 mg (control) blended with 50 grams of sucrose in 200 ml of water. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Similarly, amphetamine sensitization enhanced the acquisition of cue-elicited approach to a cup for sucrose reinforcement ( Harmer and Phillips, 1998 , 1999a ), perhaps reflecting excessive incentive salience attribution to the sucrose cue. (jneurosci.org)
  • However, as people are becoming more calorie conscious, many food manufacturers are switching from refined sucrose to refined fructose, which is about 70 percent sweeter then sucrose. (livestrong.com)
  • Sucrose is a sweetener that works as a stabilising agent in products like ice cream. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Sucrose is traditionally used as a sweetener, while maltose, which has one-third of sucrose's sweetness, is more commonly used to distill alcohol. (livestrong.com)
  • Owing to a lack of data on appetite, energy intake and energy expenditure among individuals who regularly supplement their diets with sugary (or artificially sweetened) food and drink, researchers revisited previous data on sucrose and artificial sweetener supplementation among overweight people. (foodnavigator.com)
  • Of the 22 subjects who completed the study (12 in the sucrose group, 10 in the artificial sweeteners group), the sucrose group had a higher overall energy intake than the sweetener group, with a resulting between-group difference of 3.26 MJ. (foodnavigator.com)
  • Despite this, there was a stronger trend for sucrose group subjects to have a higher appetite between lunch and dinner and after dinner compared to the sweetener group. (foodnavigator.com)
  • Body weight increased in the sucrose group and decreased in the artificial sweetener group during the 10-week intervention. (foodnavigator.com)
  • Trehalose‐6‐phosphate, the intermediate of trehalose synthesis, is a signal of sucrose availability in plant cells, regulating photoassimilate partitioning in leaves and the utilisation of sucrose in sink organs. (els.net)
  • In order to elucidate the effect of stabilizing additives on the structure of proteins and the associated ordered water molecules in the hydration shell, the crystal structures of tetragonal lysozyme grown in the presence of sucrose, sorbitol and trehalose have been refined. (rcsb.org)
  • M. Bremauntz, L. Torres-Bustillos, R. Cañizares-Villanueva, E. Duran-Paramo and L. Fernández-Linares, "Trehalose and Sucrose Osmolytes Accumulated by Algae as Potential Raw Material for Bioethanol," Natural Resources , Vol. 2 No. 3, 2011, pp. 173-179. (scirp.org)
  • M. Page-Sharp, C. Behm and G. Smith, "Involvement of Compatible Solutes Trehalose and Sucrose in the Response to SALT Stress of Cyanobaterial Scytonema Species Isolated from Desert Solils," Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, Vol. 1472, 1999, pp. 519-528. (scirp.org)
  • Streptococcus mutans, considered to be the primary pathogen causing dental caries, is able to utilize sucrose as a nutrient source, partially for the production of intracellular storage components and for the production of extracellular glucans via the glucosyltransferases GtfB, GtfC, and GtfD. (nih.gov)
  • Sucrose esters or sucrose fatty acid esters are a group of non-naturally occurring surfactants chemically synthesized from the esterification of sucrose and fatty acids (or glycerides). (wikipedia.org)
  • Sucrose acetate isobutyrate (SAIB) is a combination of the reaction products derived from the process of esterification of food grade sucrose with isobutyric anhydride and acetic anhydride, and final product derivation through distillation. (webnewswire.com)
  • Sucrose oligoesters (average degree of esterification from four to seven) are also approved for use as direct food additives. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Sucrose is safe and effective for reducing procedural pain from single events. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • This means sucrose triggers insulin release. (livestrong.com)
  • Eating foods that contain sucrose can lead to tooth decay, obesity, insulin resistance, elevated triglycerides, high blood pressure, hypoglycaemia, yeast infections, inflammatory bowel disease and the hardening of the arteries. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Furthermore, metformin prevented the development of sucrose-induced insulin resistance and the consequent cardiomyocyte dysfunction. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • For example, sucrose-fed rats become hypertriglyceridemic between weeks 1 and 2 and exhibit whole-body insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia after 2 weeks ( 16 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Aguilera AA, Diaz GH, Barcelata ML, Guerrero OA, Ros RM: Effects of fish oil on hypertension, plasma lipids, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in rats with sucrose-induced metabolic syndrome. (drugbank.ca)
  • Fukuchi S, Hamaguchi K, Seike M, Himeno K, Sakata T, Yoshimatsu H: Role of fatty acid composition in the development of metabolic disorders in sucrose-induced obese rats. (drugbank.ca)
  • Lombardo YB, Drago S, Chicco A, Fainstein-Day P, Gutman R, Gagliardino JJ, Gomez Dumm CL: Long-term administration of a sucrose-rich diet to normal rats: relationship between metabolic and hormonal profiles and morphological changes in the endocrine pancreas. (drugbank.ca)
  • Twenty-nine male Wistar rats received plain yogurt sweetened with 20% sucrose, 0.3% sodium saccharin or 0.4% aspartame, in addition to chow and water ad libitum, while physical activity was restrained. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Rats learned to lever press for sucrose pellets, and they separately learned to associate sucrose pellets with Pavlovian cues (30 sec auditory cues). (jneurosci.org)
  • Concentrated sugar beet juice or sugar cane are the main ingredients of sucrose. (ehow.co.uk)
  • How Is Sucrose Exacted From Sugar Cane? (livestrong.com)
  • New sucrose transporter-like proteins, named SUT2, from tomato and Arabidopsis contain extended cytoplasmic domains, thus structurally resembling the yeast sugar sensors SNF3 and RGT2. (plantcell.org)
  • This Botanical Briefing discusses the role of sucrose signalling in the translational control of bZIP11 and the regulation of ribosomal biogenesis in response to metabolic changes and stress conditions. (nih.gov)
  • This metabolic process slows the rate at which sucrose enters the bloodstream. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Assuming that the organism can metabolize sucrose to start with, as not all bacteria or fungi can, the enzymes necessary to do so may need to be induced. (madsci.org)
  • A. Porchia and G. Salerno, "Sucrose Biosynthesis in a Prokaryotic Organism: Presence of Two Sucrose-Pho- sphate Synthases in Anabaena with Remarkable Differences Compared with the Plant Enzymes," Proceedings of National Academy Sciences, Vol. 93, 1996, pp. 13600-13604. (scirp.org)
  • Sucrose has been identified as the most cariogenic carbohydrate. (nih.gov)
  • Sucrose is a carbohydrate that is found naturally in fruits and vegetables. (reference.com)
  • No sucrose esters were obtained with lithium palmitate, while the yield with lithium oleate was among the best, but consisted of over 90% tetra- and higher esters of sucrose. (springer.com)
  • Sucrose monostearate Sucrose esters were first mentioned in 1880 by Herzfeld who described the preparation of sucrose octaacetate. (wikipedia.org)
  • The new synthesis pathway, which involved transesterification of triglycerides and sucrose in the new solvent dimethylformamide or DMF, was invented and seemed promising. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sucrose is hydrolyzed in plants by a type of invertase called as fructofuranosidase to glucose and fructose and both of them inter to the glycolytic pathway to yield pyruvate and this pyruvate is further metabolized to produce energy. (infobarrel.com)
  • Osteoblast cells were used to determine proliferation, viability, and cytotoxicity interactions with sucrose powder and sucrose thin films. (hindawi.com)