Cognitive disorders including delirium, dementia, and other cognitive disorders. These may be the result of substance use, trauma, or other causes.
Drugs that mimic the effects of stimulating postganglionic adrenergic sympathetic nerves. Included here are drugs that directly stimulate adrenergic receptors and drugs that act indirectly by provoking the release of adrenergic transmitters.
An indirect sympathomimetic. Tyramine does not directly activate adrenergic receptors, but it can serve as a substrate for adrenergic uptake systems and monoamine oxidase so it prolongs the actions of adrenergic transmitters. It also provokes transmitter release from adrenergic terminals. Tyramine may be a neurotransmitter in some invertebrate nervous systems.
Subjectively experienced sensations in the absence of an appropriate stimulus, but which are regarded by the individual as real. They may be of organic origin or associated with MENTAL DISORDERS.
A class of chemicals derived from barbituric acid or thiobarbituric acid. Many of these are GABA MODULATORS used as HYPNOTICS AND SEDATIVES, as ANESTHETICS, or as ANTICONVULSANTS.
Recession of the eyeball into the orbit.
Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.
Derivative of noroxymorphone that is the N-cyclopropylmethyl congener of NALOXONE. It is a narcotic antagonist that is effective orally, longer lasting and more potent than naloxone, and has been proposed for the treatment of heroin addiction. The FDA has approved naltrexone for the treatment of alcohol dependence.
Place or physical location of work or employment.
Agents inhibiting the effect of narcotics on the central nervous system.
Disorders related or resulting from abuse or mis-use of opioids.
The remuneration paid or benefits granted to an employee.
The strengthening of a conditioned response.
Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.
Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.
MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the lung.
Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein.
Drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis. They are divided into two main classes: "first-line" agents, those with the greatest efficacy and acceptable degrees of toxicity used successfully in the great majority of cases; and "second-line" drugs used in drug-resistant cases or those in which some other patient-related condition has compromised the effectiveness of primary therapy.
Persons who have no permanent residence. The concept excludes nomadic peoples.
A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that produces TUBERCULOSIS in humans, other primates, CATTLE; DOGS; and some other animals which have contact with humans. Growth tends to be in serpentine, cordlike masses in which the bacilli show a parallel orientation.
Introduction of substances into the body using a needle and syringe.
Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
Disorders related to substance abuse.
Sexual maltreatment of the child or minor.
Injections made into a vein for therapeutic or experimental purposes.
Health facilities providing therapy and/or rehabilitation for substance-dependent individuals. Methadone distribution centers are included.
Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)
Aneurysm due to growth of microorganisms in the arterial wall, or infection arising within preexisting arteriosclerotic aneurysms.
Inflammation of the ENDOCARDIUM caused by BACTERIA that entered the bloodstream. The strains of bacteria vary with predisposing factors, such as CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS; HEART VALVE DISEASES; HEART VALVE PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION; or intravenous drug use.
People who take drugs for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. The drugs may be legal or illegal, but their use often results in adverse medical, legal, or social consequences for the users.
An opportunistic viral infection of the central nervous system associated with conditions that impair cell-mediated immunity (e.g., ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME and other IMMUNOLOGIC DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES; HEMATOLOGIC NEOPLASMS; IMMUNOSUPPRESSION; and COLLAGEN DISEASES). The causative organism is JC Polyomavirus (JC VIRUS) which primarily affects oligodendrocytes, resulting in multiple areas of demyelination. Clinical manifestations include DEMENTIA; ATAXIA; visual disturbances; and other focal neurologic deficits, generally progressing to a vegetative state within 6 months. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp36-7)
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Penetrating and nonpenetrating traumatic injuries to an extracranial or intracranial blood vessel that supplies the brain. This includes the CAROTID ARTERIES; VERTEBRAL ARTERIES; MENINGEAL ARTERIES; CEREBRAL ARTERIES; veins, and venous sinuses.
A species of POLYOMAVIRUS, originally isolated from the brain of a patient with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. The patient's initials J.C. gave the virus its name. Infection is not accompanied by any apparent illness but serious demyelinating disease can appear later, probably following reactivation of latent virus.
Any of various diseases affecting the white matter of the central nervous system.
A familial, cerebral arteriopathy mapped to chromosome 19q12, and characterized by the presence of granular deposits in small CEREBRAL ARTERIES producing ischemic STROKE; PSEUDOBULBAR PALSY; and multiple subcortical infarcts (CEREBRAL INFARCTION). CADASIL is an acronym for Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy. CADASIL differs from BINSWANGER DISEASE by the presence of MIGRAINE WITH AURA and usually by the lack of history of arterial HYPERTENSION. (From Bradley et al, Neurology in Clinical Practice, 2000, p1146)
A condition that is characterized by HEADACHE; SEIZURES; and visual loss with edema in the posterior aspects of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES, such as the BRAIN STEM. Generally, lesions involve the white matter (nerve fibers) but occasionally the grey matter (nerve cell bodies).

Condom use and HIV risk behaviors among U.S. adults: data from a national survey. (1/2136)

CONTEXT: How much condom use among U.S. adults varies by type of partner or by risk behavior is unclear. Knowledge of such differentials would aid in evaluating the progress being made toward goals for levels of condom use as part of the Healthy People 2000 initiative. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 1996 National Household Survey of Drug Abuse, an annual household-based probability sample of the noninstitutionalized population aged 12 and older that measures the use of illicit drugs, alcohol and tobacco. The personal behaviors module included 25 questions covering sexual activity in the past year, frequency of condom use in the past year, circumstances of the last sexual encounter and HIV testing. RESULTS: Sixty-two percent of adults reported using a condom at last intercourse outside of an ongoing relationship, while only 19% reported using condoms when the most recent intercourse occurred within a steady relationship. Within ongoing relationships, condom use was highest among respondents who were younger, black, of lower income and from large metropolitan areas. Forty percent of unmarried adults used a condom at last sex, compared with the health objective of 50% for the year 2000. Forty percent of injecting drug users used condoms at last intercourse, compared with the 60% condom use objective for high-risk individuals. Significantly, persons at increased risk for HIV because of their sexual behavior or drug use were not more likely to use condoms than were persons not at increased risk; only 22% used condoms during last intercourse within an ongoing relationship. CONCLUSIONS: Substantial progress has been made toward national goals for increasing condom use. The rates of condom use by individuals at high risk of HIV need to be increased, however, particularly condom use with a steady partner.  (+info)

Changing epidemiology of hepatitis A in the 1990s in Sydney, Australia. (2/2136)

Surveillance of hepatitis A in residents of Eastern Sydney Health Area identified substantial epidemics in homosexual males in 1991-2 with a peak rate of 520 per 100,000 recorded in males aged 25-29 years, and again in 1995-6, with a peak rate of 405 per 100,000 per year in males aged 30-34 years. During 1994-5 an epidemic was detected among disadvantaged youth associated with injecting drug use; peak rates of 200 per 100,000 per year were reported in males aged 25-29 years and of 64 per 100,000 per year among females aged 20-24 years. The epidemiology of hepatitis A in these inner suburbs of Sydney is characterized by very few childhood cases and recurrent epidemics among homosexual men. Identified risk groups need to be targeted with appropriate messages regarding the importance of hygiene and vaccination in preventing hepatitis A. However, poor access to health services among disadvantaged youth and a constant influx of young homosexual males into these inner suburbs present major challenges to hepatitis A control.  (+info)

No evidence for an effect of the CCR5 delta32/+ and CCR2b 64I/+ mutations on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 disease progression among HIV-1-infected injecting drug users. (3/2136)

The relationship between CCR5 and CCR2b genotypes and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 disease progression was studied among the 108 seroconverters of the Amsterdam cohort of injecting drug users (IDUs). In contrast to earlier studies among homosexual men, no effect on disease progression of the CCR5 Delta32/+ and the CCR2b 64I/+ genotypes was found, when progression to AIDS, death, or a CD4 cell count <200/microL was compared by a Cox proportional hazards model. Furthermore, CD4 cell decline (by a regression model for repeated measurements) and virus load in the first 3 years after seroconversion did not differ between the CCR5 and CCR2b wild type and heterozygous genotypes. A nested matched case-control study also revealed no significant effect of the CCR5 and CCR2b mutations. Immunologic differences between IDUs and homosexual men may account for the observed lack of effect. Alternatively, difference in transmission route or characteristics of the HIV-1 variants that circulate in IDUs could also explain this phenomenon.  (+info)

HIV-1 incidence among opiate users in northern Thailand. (4/2136)

The incidence of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection among opiate users was determined in a retrospective cohort of 436 patients with multiple admissions to the only inpatient drug treatment program in northern Thailand between October 1993 and September 1995. During 323.4 person-years of follow-up, 60 patients presenting for detoxification acquired HIV-1 infection, for a crude incidence rate of 18.6 per 100 person-years (95% confidence interval 14.4-23.9). All seroconverters were male. HIV-1 incidence varied by the current route of drug administration: 31.3 per 100 person-years for injectors and 2.8 per 100 person-years for noninjectors (smoking and ingestion). Significant differences were found by ethnicity: HIV-1 incidence was 29.3 per 100 person-years for Thai lowlanders and 8.5 per 100 person-years for hill tribes. Multivariate relative risk estimates showed that injecting opiates (vs. use by other routes), being unmarried, being under age 40 years, being a Thai lowlander, having a primary and secondary education, and being employed in the business sector were each independently associated with human immunodeficiency virus seroconversion. This HIV-1 incidence rate is double that reported for Bangkok and suggests that prevention and control programs for drug users need to be expanded throughout Thailand. Improved availability of more-effective treatment regimens and increased access to sterile injection equipment are needed to confront the HIV-1 epidemic among opiate users in northern Thailand.  (+info)

Acute hepatitis B infection in England and Wales: 1985-96. (5/2136)

Confirmed acute hepatitis B infections are reported to the Public Health Laboratory Service Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre by laboratories in England and Wales. These reports have been used to monitor trends in the incidence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection over time, and between exposure categories and age groups. Between 1985 and 1996 a total of 9252 cases of acute HBV infection were reported; the number of reports fell from 1761 in 1985 to 581 in 1996. Most infections were reported in adults aged 15-44 years [n = 7365 (80%)], and infections were more commonly reported in males [n = 6490 (70%)] than females [n = 2658 (29%)]. The probable means of acquisition was known for just over half of all adult cases [4827/8956 (54%)]. Injecting drug use was the most common exposure [n = 1901 (21%)], followed by sex between men and women [n = 1140 (13%)] and sex between men [n = 1025 (11%)]. The number of infections in injecting drug users fell in the late 1980s, but increased again from 1991 onwards. In children aged under 15 years, infections acquired by mother to baby transmission accounted for 35/170 (21%) of the total. Surveillance indicates that the incidence of acute hepatitis B infection fell in the late 1980s, probably reflecting changed behaviour in injecting drug users. An increase in the number of infections in injecting drug users since 1993 may indicate ongoing transmission that has not been contained by the introduction of needle exchange schemes or by selective vaccination.  (+info)

Harm reduction in Bern: from outreach to heroin maintenance. (6/2136)

In Switzerland, harm-reduction programs have the support of the national government and many localities, in congruence with much of the rest of Europe and in contrast with the United States, and take place in public settings. The threat of AIDS is recognized as the greater harm. This paper describes the overall national program and highlights the experience from one city; the program is noteworthy because it is aimed at gathering comparative data from controlled trials.  (+info)

Research on needle exchange: redefining the agenda. (7/2136)

Researchers studying needle-exchange programs in the United States pursue a two-fold agenda that requires answers to these questions: (1) Do such programs successfully reduce HIV seroprevalence among injecting drug users? (2) Do they promote drug use? Several federal laws and regulations require convincing data on each question before the release of federal funds for needle exchange. Fears that needle exchange promotes drug use are at the core of federal concerns, and these fears are shared by community leaders, scientists, and public health professionals. Nonetheless, the manner in which the "drug use" question has been framed and addressed in scientific research has been given insufficient attention. This article aims to stimulate debate about current research, and restore a focus on HIV prevention, by addressing several methodological, logical, and ethical weaknesses that characterize the scientific inquiry into whether needle exchange promotes drug use.  (+info)

Outcome of pulmonary tuberculosis treatment in the tertiary care setting--Toronto 1992/93. Tuberculosis Treatment Completion Study Group. (8/2136)

BACKGROUND: Completion of treatment of active cases of tuberculosis (TB) is the most important priority of TB control programs. This study was carried out to assess treatment completion for active cases of pulmonary TB in Toronto. METHODS: Consecutive cases of culture-proven pulmonary TB were obtained from the microbiology laboratories of 5 university-affiliated tertiary care centres in Toronto in 1992/93. A standard data-collection tool was used to abstract information from inpatient and outpatient charts. For patients who were transferred to other treatment centres or lost to follow-up, the local health unit was contacted for information about treatment completion. If incomplete information was obtained from these sources, data from the provincial Reportable Disease Information System were also reviewed. The main outcome analysed was treatment outcome, with cases classified as completed (record of treatment completion noted), transferred (patient transferred to another centre but no treatment results available), defaulted (record of defaulting in patient chart but no record of treatment completion elsewhere, or patient still receiving treatment more than 15 months after diagnosis) or dead (patient died before treatment completion). RESULTS: Of the 145 patients 84 (58%) completed treatment, 25 (17%) died, 22 (15%) defaulted and 14 (10%) were transferred. The corresponding values for the 22 patients with HIV coinfection were 6 (27%), 5 (23%), 8 (36%) and 3 (14%). Independent predictors of failure to complete treatment were injection drug use (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 5.7, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.5 to 22.0), HIV infection (adjusted OR 4.6, 95% CI 1.4 to 14.7) and adverse drug reaction (adjusted OR 2.9, 95% CI 1.1 to 7.9). Independent predictors of death included age more than 50 years (adjusted OR 16.7, 95% CI 2.6 to 105.1), HIV infection (adjusted OR 16.1, 95% CI 3.9 to 66.4), immunosuppressive therapy (adjusted OR 8.0, 95% CI 1.9 to 34.4) and infection with a multidrug-resistant organism (adjusted OR 30.7, 95% CI 1.5 to 623.0). INTERPRETATION: Treatment completion rates in tertiary care hospitals in Toronto in 1992/93 were below the rate recommended by the World Health Organization. Careful surveillance of treatment completion is necessary for the management of TB in metropolitan centres in Canada.  (+info)

Male injection drug users deported from the United States to Tijuana have four-fold higher odds of HIV infection compared to those living in Tijuana who were not deported there, according to a study to be presented at the International AIDS Conference on August 5, 2008 in Mexico City.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Lack of behavior change after disclosure of hepatitis C virus infection among young injection drug users in Baltimore, Maryland. AU - Ompad, Danielle C.. AU - Fuller, Crystal M.. AU - Vlahov, David. AU - Thomas, David. AU - Strathdee, Steffanie A.. PY - 2002/10/1. Y1 - 2002/10/1. N2 - We evaluated behavior change after disclosure of a positive hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody test result among a cohort of young injection drug users (IDUs). Participants underwent semiannual interviews, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and HCV antibody testing, and pretest and posttest counseling. We used X2 statistics to study changes in the frequencies of high-risk behaviors from baseline to a 6-month follow-up visit among 46 IDUs who had a positive HCV test result and among 60 IDUs who did not have a positive HCV test result or who were unaware of their test result. No significant differences were detected between the 2 groups. Both groups continued to share syringes, needles, and other ...
CONTEXT: In British Columbia, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons eligible for antiretroviral therapy may receive it free but the extent to which HIV-infected injection drug users access it is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To identify patient and physician characteristics associated with antiretroviral therapy utilization in HIV-infected injection drug users. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study with record linkage between survey data and data from a provincial HIV/AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) drug treatment program.
The intervention arm consists of 7 group sessions, 2 individual sessions, and one community experience. The control arm consists of 8 group sessions, aiming at controlling for demand (1st session) and attention (8 group sessions). Behavioral assessments and blood draws (for viral load and CD4 testing) occur at baseline, 6, and 12 month follow-up; a 3 month assessment involves behavioral assessment only. 1161 participants took baseline. Of these, 966 were randomized into the study, and 840, 807, and 821 participants took 3, 6, and 12 month follow-up assessments, respectively. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The Alive Study. T2 - A Longitudinal Study of HIV-1 Infection in Intravenous Drug Users: Description of Methods. AU - Vlahov, David. AU - Anthony, James C.. AU - Muñoz, Alvaro. AU - Margolick, Joseph. AU - Nelson, Kenrad E.. AU - Celentano, David D.. AU - Solomon, Liza. AU - Polk, B. Frank. PY - 1991/10. Y1 - 1991/10. N2 - To identify risk factors for infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and for progression to the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) among intravenous drug users, we established a cohort in Baltimore Maryland in 1988-1989. Intravenous drug users were recruited by extensive community outreach to undergo interview and confidential HIV testing in a special study site. During 13 months of recruitment, 2,921 intravenous drug users were enrolled of whome 24 percent were HIV seropositive; 90 percent returned to receive test results. Methodological issues for enhancing recruitment and retention of drug users are discussed.. AB - To identify risk ...
Injecting drug users (IDUs) are among the most vulnerable populations at risk to contract human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). Among Canadian cities, Montreal holds one of the higher HIV and HCV contraction rates in the IDU population. Results from SurvUDI, a population survey among IDUs conducted in the province of Quebec (Canada), show that in Montreal 18% of IDUs are infected with HIV and 67% are infected with HCV. The cornerstone of HIV and HCV prevention strategies is to give information on safe injection practices and to make available sterile syringes and other injection equipment. However, the SurvUDI survey reveals that a large proportion of IDUs recruited in community programs offering sterile injection equipment and information on safe injection practices are still sharing needles with other IDUs. Indeed, it seems that information dissemination and distribution of sterile injection equipment are not sufficient in order to control the HIV and HCV epidemic ...
A sample of 95 intravenous drug users agreed to provide urine samples, which would be tested for the presence of the metabolites of opiates and cocaine; the purpose of the study was to assess the validity of injection drug users self- reported use of these drugs. Using chi-square analyses, the researchers determined that there were no significant differences between intravenous drug users who agreed to participate in the study and those who declined to participate in terms of age, gender, ethnic group, education, primary drug of choice, treatment history, project intervention assignment, or time of follow-up. The urinalysis findings showed that 30 percent of the 67 participants who claimed to be drug-free over the previous 6 months had in fact used drugs. When compared to the total sample, the rate of misrepresentation fell to 21 percent. Logit regression analyses indicated that intravenous drug users who were black or whose primary drugs of choice were injected cocaine and crack were more likely than
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A team of doctors report in the latest Journal of Viral Hepatitis on mortality in HIV-infected injection drug users with active vs cleared hepatitis C virus-infection.. ...
Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuus millions of monthly readers. Title: Perspectives v8n5 sex partners of injection drug users, Author: Alliance Health Project, Name: Perspectives v8n5 sex partners of injection drug users, Length: 9 pages, Page: 1, Published: 2013-10-07
Cases of endocarditis - infection of the heart valves - have risen dramatically in recent years as a result of the opioid crisis. In London, Ontario 55 per cent of people who experience heart valve infections are injection drug users. They are particularly vulnerable to the disease and a third die as a result.. In an effort to improve outcomes, researchers at Lawson Health Research Institute and Western University are studying which clinical factors are associated with improved survival in this patient population. In a new study, they showed that both surgery and in-hospital addictions counselling are linked to significantly reduced mortality in injection drug users with first-episode endocarditis. Surgery was associated with a 56 per cent reduction in mortality, while in-hospital addictions counselling was associated with a 72 per cent reduction.. The project was a retrospective cohort study that examined anonymous patient data from 2007 to 2016 at London Health Sciences Centre (LHSC) and St. ...
Female sex workers who inject drugs (FSW-IDUs) are at risk of acquiring HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STI) and blood-borne infections through unprotected sex and sharing injection equipment. We conducted a 2×2 factorial randomized controlled trial to evaluate combination interventions to simultaneously reduce sexual and injection risks among FSW-IDUs in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. FSW-IDUs ≥18 years reporting sharing injection equipment and unprotected sex with clients within the last month were randomized to one of four conditions based on an a priori randomization schedule, blinding interviewer/counselors to assignment. Due to the extreme vulnerability of this population, we did not include a control group that would deny some women access to preventive information. All women received similar information regardless of group allocation; the difference was in the way the information was delivered and the extent to which women had an interactive role. Each condition was a single 60
This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Intravenous Drug Abuse, Persons Who Inject Drugs, Intravenous Drug User, Injection Drug Abuse, IV Drug Abuse, IVDA, PWID.
Background. In order to identify, in a sample of heroin intravenous drug users IVDU, those factors associated with the predominant risk behaviour related to the transmission of HIV-1 infection-sharing of injection equipment-a cross-sectional survey was carried out in Valencia, Spain from 1987 to 1992. Methods. Informed consent and pertinent...
Intravenous drug abusers in a methadone program in Minnesota were offered HIV-antibody screening to determine the degree of interest in screening and extent of infection. Thirty-nine (85 percent) were willing to be tested. Only seven refused. All patients were aware of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and their high risk of exposure to the AIDS virus through sharing of injection paraphernalia. None reported exposure to additional risk factors, such as homosexual or bisexual activity or having received a blood transfusion. Of the patients tested, none was positive for HIV antibodies. The high degree of patient interest in screening was unanticipated as was the lack of positive laboratory findings for HIV antibodies. Factors associated with acceptance of testing included patient awareness of high seroprevalence rates, indifference to potential negative social consequences of positive HIV-antibody status, and the voluntary nature of the testing. These findings raise a cautious sense of ...
Endocarditis - injection drug users answers are found in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
There s another alarming consequence to America s heroin and prescription painkiller epidemic an increase in a serious heart infection called endocarditis, U.S.
Injecting drugs carries a very high risk of health problems. Diseases are easily contracted, spread and transmitted to others, abscesses, ulcers and other infections are frequent and tolerance and dependence to a drug happens easier for intravenous drug users. The additional problems of unknown quality, adulterant substances and impurities can also contribute to health problems. Serious efforts by governments and health workers is being done to reduce the risks associated with injecting drugs, which includes providing accurate and concise information about injecting drugs.. Injecting an illicit substance into any site on the body can have dire consequences but there are some especially serious risks associated with particular spots. Injecting into the neck, hands, feet and the groin can cause major long-term damage. These injection sites are also prone to developing sepsis more rapidly. Femoral injection is the process whereby an intravenous drug user injects into the femoral vein, which is ...
Both injection drug use (IDU) and hepatitis C (HCV) coinfection nearly tripled the risk of death in HIV-positive North Americans and Europeans, according ...
The war on drugs is driving much of the global AIDS pandemic, increasing new infections among injection-drug users in the U.S. and elsewhere, according to a new report from the Global Commission on Drug Policy.
Prevalence of Injection Drug Use in Australia: It has been estimated that a very low proportion of the Australian general population aged 14 years and over have ever injected or recently injected drugs. In 2010, 1.8% of the population had injected a drug in their lifetime, with 0.4% having injected a drug in the past year. More than one-quarter (27.1%) of recent users
Prevalence of Injection Drug Use in Australia: It has been estimated that a very low proportion of the Australian general population aged 14 years and over have ever injected or recently injected drugs. In 2010, 1.8% of the population had injected a drug in their lifetime, with 0.4% having injected a drug in the past year. More than one-quarter (27.1%) of recent users
Injection drug users who undergo surgery for infective endocarditis have a significantly higher risk of reoperation or death between three and six months after surgery compared to patients who develop endocarditis who are not IV drug abusers, according to an article in the September 2015 issue of the Annals of Thoracic Surgery.
Doctors should consider giving a daily AIDS drug to another high risk group to help prevent infections - people who shoot heroin, methamphetamines or other injection drugs, U.S. health officials said Wednesday.
Joe Biden keeps promoting mandatory rehabilitation as good alternative to prison for nonviolent drug users. The problem is mandatory rehab doesnt work--and in many cases is just prison, rebranded.
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My family had no idea: I drink a lot of Diet Coke and they just thought I was hyper or, when I was coming down, they thought I was just having a depressive moment.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prevalence and correlates of crack-cocaine injection among young injection drug users in the United States, 1997-1999. AU - Santibanez, Scott S.. AU - Garfein, Richard S.. AU - Swartzendruber, Andrea. AU - Kerndt, Peter R.. AU - Morse, Edward. AU - Ompad, Danielle. AU - Strathdee, Steffanie. AU - Williams, Ian T.. AU - Friedman, Samuel R.. AU - Ouellet, Lawrence J.. PY - 2005/3/7. Y1 - 2005/3/7. N2 - Objectives: We estimated prevalence and identified correlates of crack-cocaine injection among young injection drug users in the United States. Methods: We analyzed data from the second Collaborative Injection Drug Users Study (CIDUS II), a 1997-1999 cohort study of 18-30-year-old, street-recruited injection drug users from six US cities. Results: Crack-cocaine injection was reported by 329 (15%) of 2198 participants. Prevalence varied considerably by site (range, 1.5-28.0%). No participants injected only crack-cocaine. At four sites where crack-cocaine injection prevalence was ...
In addition to sterile needles, syringe-exchange programmes typically offer services such as HIV and Hepatitis C testing; alcohol swabs; bleach water and normal saline (often as eye drops); aluminium cookers; citric acid powder (an imperative agent that enables heroin to dissolve in water); containers for needles and many other items.[18] A survey conducted by Beth Israel Medical Center in New York city and the North American Syringe Exchange Network, among 126 surveyed SEPs that 77% provided material abuse therapy, 72% provided voluntary counselling and HIV testing, and more than two-thirds provided supplies such as bleach, alcohol pads and male and female condoms. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), around 1/5 of all new HIV infections and the vast majority of Hepatitis C infections are the result of injection drug use.[19] Needle-exchange programmes are supported by the CDC and the National Institute of Health.[19][20] The NIH estimates that in the United States, between ...
By David Heitz. You just found out you have HIV and Hepatitis C. And, youre addicted to drugs. Now what? Perhaps no low seems lower - except death - to an injection drug user who finds out they have contracted HIV, Hepatitis C, or even both (not uncommon). But what that injection drug user may not know is that Hepatitis C now is curable, and living with HIV is no different from managing diabetes. Talking about a cure for HIV isnt even considered heresy anymore. So, dont turn an HIV/Hepatitis C diagnosis into the end of the world when it isnt. In fact, it might be the start of a whole new way of life. Now, what should you do next?. Immediately see a doctor and work to obtain the treatment and medications you need. Consider getting sober, it would be a great time to do it.. You might have learned you have HIV and/or Hepatitis C via an outreach worker, at a local testing center, or at a needle exchange. Or, maybe an injection drug use (needle sharing) or sexual partner told you they have the ...
NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Needle-exchange programs designed to cut injection drug users risk of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, and other infections do seem to reduce needle sharing, but there is only limited evidence that they lower disease transmission, a new research review concludes.
Camden, N.J., City Council Member Ali Sloan-El (R) on Tuesday plans to introduce legislation to allow a needle-exchange program in the city to reduce the ...
The nations drug czar has touted needle-exchange programs as a way to reduce the spread of disease and to steer heroin users into treatment.
Despite $1 million in city AIDS funding over three years, the Districts largest needle-exchange program is nearly out of cash and has at times been unable to supply clean syringes to intravenous...
Art Caplan, MSNBC.coms Vitals: The belief that [g]iving out free clean needles sends the message that injecting drugs is OK … just happens to be completely unsupported by any evidence at all, Caplan, director of the Center for Bioethics at the University of Pennsylvania writes, adding, Policy involves more than scientific evidence when it comes to touchy subjects like drug addiction. However, morality cannot ignore the facts. He concludes, If needle-exchange programs do reduce risk, suffering, deaths and costs, and it is beyond dispute that they do, then it is bad ethics to insist on a moral message that is utterly disconnected from the harsh realities of drug abuse (12/19 ...
Needle exchange was first introduced in the United Kingdom (UK) in 1985 in response to the AIDS epidemic. Most areas within the UK have pharmacy-based needle-exchange programs (NEPs). Mobile, agency-based and automated needle exchange programs also exist.Despite this widespread availability of free needles, HIV infection among newer UK injection drug users (IDUs) is rising, according to the Health Protection Agency. The data comes from samples taken of addicts who accessed services provided by NEPs and methadone treatment programs. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Hodgkins disease in 50 intravenous drug users with HIV-infection. AU - Monfardini, S.. AU - Tirelli, U.. AU - Vaccher, E.. AU - Errante, D.. AU - Rezza, G.. AU - Talamint, R.. AU - Albericci, F.. AU - Barbui, T.. AU - Bernasconi, C.. AU - Cajozzo, A.. AU - Cargnel, A.. AU - Clerici, M.. AU - Lalla, De. AU - Dessalvi, P.. AU - Fiaccadori, F.. AU - Garavelli, P. L.. AU - Giudici, M.. AU - Gherlinzoni, F.. AU - Deliliers, G. Lambertenghi. AU - Lazzarin, A.. AU - Luzi, G.. AU - Luzzati, R.. AU - Malfitano, A.. AU - Mandelli, F.. AU - Marigo, S.. AU - Montesarchio, V.. AU - Moroni, N.. AU - Puppo, F.. AU - Raise, E.. AU - Rizzardini, G.. AU - Rizzi, M.. AU - Rossi, E.. AU - Saliva, G.. AU - Scanni, A.. AU - Sinicco, A.. AU - Vaglia, A.. AU - Foà, R.. AU - Gavosto, F.. PY - 1991. Y1 - 1991. N2 - Fifty cases of Hodgkins disease in intravenous drug users (IVDU) have been collected by the Italian Cooperative Group on AIDS-Related Tumors (G.I.C.A.T.). Ninety-two per cent of the patients ...
Injection drug users (IDUs) who continue to inject can substantially reduce their risk of acquiring or transmitting HIV, hepatitis B and C, and other ...
Harm Reduction Coalition advances policies and programs that help people address the adverse effects of drug use including overdose, HIV, hepatitis C, addiction, and incarceration.
Martin cites a number of alarming statistics to show the size of the drug problem. The number of IDUs is estimated to be between 1 million and 1.4 million. By mid-2000, 36 percent (270,721) of AIDS cases in the United States had occurred among IDUs, their sexual partners and their children, and these three categories of people accounted for half of all new HIV infections in the nation. In fact, 57 percent of children born with AIDS in the United States are the offspring of IDUs or their sexual partners. IDUs also risk exposure to various forms of hepatitis. Between 50 and 80 percent of IDUs contract hepatitis C - the most dangerous strain -- within their first year of needle use ...
Supporters of needle exchange programs say they provide clean needles to injection drug users to prevent the spread of disease, but Madison County, Indiana, Prosecutor Rodney Cummings said the exchange program in his community brought a different set of is
Tyndall M, Craib KJP, Currie S, Li K, OShaughnessy MV, Schechter MT Impact of HIV infection on mortality in a cohort of injection drug users Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes PubMed. ...
Adult injection drug users aged 30 years or younger are both at the highest risk for acquiring hepatitis C and transmitting HCV, according to a presentation at the International Symposium on Hepatitis Care in Substance Users. Kimberly Page, PhD, MPH, MS, from the University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, presented results from the Acute UFO study, which took place from 2003 to 2017
Critics of a proposal to expand Baltimores syringe exchange believe that would only encourage drug use, but city officials said theyre trying to stop the spread of dangerous diseases.
The Treatment and Care for HIV-Positive Injecting Drug Users training curriculum is designed for clinicians who provide treatment and care, including ART, for HIV-positive injecting drug users. The training curriculum consists of a trainer manual, 12 participant manuals, and a CD-ROM with PowerPoint presentations and reference articles. Topics covered in the curriculum include: Module 1: Drug use and HIV in Asia Module 2: Comprehensive services for injecting drug users Module 3: Initial patient assessment Module 4: Managing opioid dependence Module 5: Managing non-opioid drug dependence Module 6: Managing ART in injecting drug users Module 7: Adherence counselling for injecting drug users Module 8: Drug interactions Module 9: Management of coinfections in HIV-positive injecting drug users Module 10: Managing pain in HIV-infected injecting drug users Module 11: Psychiatric illness, psychosocial care and sexual health Module 12: Continuing medical education Trainer ...
Acute endocarditis in intravenous drug users: a case report and literature review. J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect. 2012; 2(1): Ji Y, Kujtan L,
Data Collection Notes: This dataset contains waves 3 and 4 of the survey. However, question text is only available for wave 4. The wave 3 questionnaires were destroyed in an accident. The variable order follows the questionnaire for wave 4. ICPSR staff added wave 3 variables in a pattern that follows the wave 4 questionnaire.. The Principal Investigator computed variables to reflect the number of times the respondent did certain activities. These variables have the same variable names and labels as the originals except the letter K is added to the end of the variable names and (Converted to number of times) is added to the end of the variable labels.. The Principal Investigator computed variables to reflect the percentage of the time the respondent did certain activities. These variables have the same variable names and labels as the originals except the letter F is added to the end of the variable names and (Converted to Percentage) is added to the end of the variable labels.. At the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - HIV Risks Among Injecting Drug Users in Vietnam: A Review of the Research Evidence. AU - Do, Khoi. AU - Minichiello, Victor. AU - Hussain, Rafat. PY - 2012. Y1 - 2012. N2 - Injecting drug use plays a critical role in the transmission of HIV in Vietnam. This paper provides a comprehensive review of studies on risks of HIV infection among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Vietnam. Current research evidence shows that the age at which drug initiation starts is becoming younger and the transition time between non-injecting to injecting drug use becoming shorter. The practice of needle sharing and unprotected sex was quite common among the IDUs. Although most of the IDUs generally had good knowledge of HIV transmission routes, most IDUs were not aware of their infection status. Data from a national surveillance programme shows that a third of the IDUs were HIV positive. Amongst all HIV positive cases, almost two-thirds had a history of intravenous drug use. A number of studies have ...
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The HCV Seroconversion Panel Donor# 64273 from Ncbi publications delivered next day by Gentaur to your Lab is the best choice! The catalog number is HCV9047 and the price is 1.441 EUR.. Check Also the Panel Donor from Zeptometrix :. ...
Objective: Injection drug use (IDU) remains a major risk factor for HIV-1 acquisition. The complex interplay between drug use, non-sterile injection, and Hepatitis C rema..
KENILWORTH, N.J.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Merck (NYSE:MRK), known as MSD outside the United States and Canada, today announced the presentation of results from the companys Phase 3 C-EDGE CO-STAR clinical trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of the investigational once-daily tablet elbasvir/grazoprevir1 (50mg/100mg) in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes (GT) 1, 4 or 6 infection who inject drugs and are receiving opioid agonist therapy (OAT). Ninety-five percent (189/198) of patients treated with elbasvir/grazoprevir for 12 weeks in the pre-specified primary efficacy analysis population achieved sustained virologic response 12 weeks after the completion of treatment (SVR12, considered virologic cure). Adherence to treatment was high, with 97 percent of patients taking at least 95 percent of their study medication over the 12 weeks of therapy. These findings will be featured today at the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases Presidents Press Conference at The ...
Congress had banned the use of federal money to finance needle exchange programs. Supporters of the ban thought such programs encouraged drug use. Now, activists see the lifting of the ban as a step forward in the fight to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS.
BACKGROUND: Since 2003 Thailand has waged an aggressive war on drugs campaign focused on arresting and incarcerating suspected drug users and dealers. However, little is known about incarceration experiences among IDU in the wake of the recent war on drugs. Therefore, we sought to examine incarceration experiences among IDU in Bangkok, Thailand. METHODS: We examined the prevalence of incarceration among community-recruited IDU participating in the Mitsampan Community Research Project.
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Despite being at an increased risk for HIV and hepatitis C, persons who inject drugs (PWID) are tested at dismal rates for both: just 8.6% and 7.7%, respectively, according to data from 2010 to 2017. PWID who live in rural communities are more likely to face barriers to adequate testing and care for both diseases.
The AIDS Linked to the Intravenous Experience (ALIVE) Study is a long-standing community based research effort that includes past and current injection drug users (IDUs). ALIVE has been ongoing since 1988 and is one of the longest-running community-based cohorts of IDUs in existence. The primary objectives when the study started were to characterize the incidence and natural history of HIV among injection drug users (IDUs). Since 1998, the research objectives have evolved to include characterization of access to and impact of treatment for HIV, evaluation of non-AIDS outcomes among an aging cohort as well as ascertainment of the incidence, natural history and treatment of co-infections such as hepatitis C virus. Importantly, the ALIVE study serves as a platform for numerous other research studies focused on IDUs in Baltimore. These range in scope from focusing on HIV associated co-infections and comorbidities (e.g., HCV and pulmonary disease) to intervention studies. ...
For injecting drug users there are other important considerations. This includes that injecting drug-users often chaotic lives mean that they can find it difficult to access health services and may only be in contact with health professionals sporadically. This trial included only those who were currently attending drug treatment clinics. However, there are likely to be many other vulnerable groups of injecting drug users in the community who are not attending clinics, or who attend but then are lost to follow-up. Therefore, ensuring that all drug users are able to access care, and receive continued care and treatment may be issues that would need to be considered ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
The increasing number of injecting drug users (IDUs) and the growing HIV/AIDS epidemic in Burma presents one of the most serious health threats to the population in the country, and also to the region at large. Infection rates among IDUs in Burma are among the highest in the world. The international community needs to make a firm commitment to stem the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Burma and should ensure sufficient and long-term financial support for HIV/AIDS and harm reduction programmes.. ...
The provision of programs to prevent the spread of HIV and hepatitis among people who inject drugs (PWID) is inadequate in many countries around the world and presents a critical public health problem, comprehensive reviews by Australian researchers from the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre at UNSW Sydney have found.. The two reviews of the global prevalence of injecting drug use and of interventions to prevent the spread of blood borne viruses among PWID are published today in leading international journal The Lancet Global Health.. The authors estimate that 15.6 million people have recently injected drugs. Of these, 18% are living with HIV infection and 52% test positive for hepatitis C (HCV) antibody.. Yet despite evidence that needle and syringe programs (NSP) and opioid substitution therapy (OST) reduce HIV and HCV infections, they are still not being implemented in many places, and few people can access them in many countries, the authors found.. Australia is one of only four ...
Problematic use of prescription-type opioids prior to heroin use among young heroin injectors Robin A Pollini1, Caleb J Banta-Green2, Jazmine Cuevas-Mota3, Mitcheal Metzner3, Eyasu Teshale4, Richard S Garfein31Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD; 2Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; 3Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA; 4National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USABackground: Misuse of prescription-type opioids and related adverse health effects are increasing, but little is known about the role of these drugs as a precursor to heroin use. We conducted an exploratory study to determine the proportion of young heroin injectors reporting problematic use of prescription-type opioids prior to using heroin, and to describe the factors associated with prior problematic prescription-type opioid use.Methods: Between March 2009
Drug rehab includes detox, therapy, support groups and medical interventions. The most effective drug treatment programs are individualized and holistic.
Increasing prevalence of HIV, and persistent high-risk behaviours among drug users in Bangladesh: need for a comprehensive harm reduction programme.: There are
Leukoencephalopathy may result from the inhalation, intravenous injection, or ingestion of substance abuse drugs. However, such ... The most common causes are substance abuse drugs and chemotherapy; however, the disease has also occurred on the rare occasion ... Especially in the case of leukoencephalopathy developing due to substance abuse or environmental toxins, symptoms typically do ... High doses of intravenous methotrexate, a necessary component of chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia, is known to ...
29 November 2016). "Prevalent intravenous abuse of methylphenidate among treatment-seeking patients with substance abuse ... More serious side effects may include psychosis, prolonged erections, substance misuse, and heart problems. Abuse is also ... Wilens TE (January 2003). "Does stimulant therapy of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder beget later substance abuse? A ... In the United States, methylphenidate is classified as a Schedule II controlled substance, the designation used for substances ...
"New York State Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services. Archived from the original on 13 February 2014. Retrieved 27 ... "A new drug with a nasty bite: A case of krokodil-induced skin necrosis in an intravenous drug user". JAAD Case Reports. 2 (2 ... "New York State Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services. Archived from the original on 13 February 2014. Retrieved 3 ... Abuse trends of an old drug". Life Sciences. 102 (2): 81-7. doi:10.1016/j.lfs.2014.03.008. PMID 24650492.. ...
A psychoactive substance, butabarbital drugs are often abused with risk of acute intoxication and addiction. Barbiturates such ... It is most often administered orally as either sodium solution or tablet, however can also be given by intravenous injection. ... Butisol sodium is manufactured by Meda Pharmaceuticals as a Schedule III controlled substance due to its high risk for abuse ... Butabarbital sodium is a Schedule III controlled substance in the US and Canada due to risk of abuse and dependence. ...
To investigate substance abuse the Kim laboratory uses an operant conditioning paradigm based on the work of B. F. Skinner ... known as intravenous self-administration. Kim's research especially focuses on extinction, a form of inhibitory learning that ... anxiety disorder and substance use disorder.[citation needed] To study anxiety, the Kim laboratory employs a classical ...
... intravenous substance abuse, and the benefits of abstinence or sexual abstinence from such activity. (c.) Education and ... shall not be utilized to encourage or promote directly heterosexual or homosexual endeavors and intravenous substance abuse ... home intravenous drug therapy including prescription drugs administered intravenously as part of such palliative care (E) ... unless the Surgeon General determines that a demonstration needle exchange program is effective in reducing drug abuse and the ...
Due to the high concentrations of non-opiate substances relative to the diamorphine content of the drug, abuse and overdose of ... Users commonly take the powder by insufflation ("snorting") rather than by intravenous injection. This mixture is also known as ... as a person sleepy from diphenhydramine would be unlikely to be abusing heroin at the same time. It is common for users of ... implying that the store also pulled the products to curb abuse. The manager stated that theft decreased after removing the ...
... antitrypsin deficiency Marfan syndrome Ehlers-Danlos syndromes Cocaine smoking Sarcoidosis HIV/AIDS Intravenous substance abuse ...
... substance-induced MeSH F03.900.793 - substance abuse, intravenous MeSH F03.900.825 - substance withdrawal syndrome MeSH F03.900 ... marijuana abuse MeSH F03.900.650 - neonatal abstinence syndrome MeSH F03.900.675 - opioid-related disorders MeSH F03.900. ... substance-induced MeSH F03.700.675.600.750 - psychoses, alcoholic MeSH F03.700.750 - schizophrenia MeSH F03.700.750.300 - ... 675.400 - heroin dependence MeSH F03.900.675.600 - morphine dependence MeSH F03.900.700 - phencyclidine abuse MeSH F03.900.746 ...
Journal of Substance Abuse. 13 (1-2): 45-58. doi:10.1016/S0899-3289(01)00059-1. PMID 11547623. Chakrapani V, Newman PA, ... Needle sharing is the practice of intravenous drug-users by which a needle or syringe is shared by multiple individuals to ... the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) authorization, and the 1997 Labor-Health and Human ... In these facilities, drug users have access to new needles and they can use substances under the supervision of staff trained ...
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 71, 48-53. COUGHLIN, P; MAVOR, A (1 October 2006). "Arterial Consequences of Recreational ... Dec 1983). "Pulmonary "mainline" granulomatosis: talcosis secondary to intravenous heroin abuse with characteristic x-ray ... usually intravenous, but also intramuscular or subcutaneous). It often applies to substance dependence and recreational drug ... Substances below a certain molecular weight can be absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream when dissolved in the ...
Some cases have been seen in a context of intranasal substance abuse (cocaine, methamphetamine). Post-surgical: after frontal ... The patient requires admission for intravenous anti-microbial treatment. Definitively, the abscess is drained via a combination ...
... and the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and Substance Abuse Act (2005). In 2004, selling of tobacco products to ... Some cases of intravenous drug use are reported in Bhutan, but it is minimal compared to other countries in the region. A ... "Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and Substance Abuse Act 2005" (PDF). Government of Bhutan. 2005-11-30. Archived from ... There are some characteristics of the situation on drug abuse in Bhutan. Most of the users of narcotic substances are male and ...
Physical harm is the average rating of the scores for acute binge use, chronic use, and intravenous use.[1]. Dependence ... University of Miami: Substance Abuse, Substance Abuse and Health Risks *^ Di Forti M, Marconi A, Carra E, Fraietta S, Trotta A ... Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or ... As a group they have a higher rate of substance abuse.[84] The most common chemical substance which is abused by pop musicians ...
Much literature on mental health and lesbians centered on their depression, substance abuse, and suicide. Although these issues ... The highest rate of transmission of HIV to lesbians is among women who participate in intravenous drug use or have sexual ... as well as not being satisfied with treatment for substance abuse programs. Many lesbian communities are centered in bars, and ... Further changing values are evident in the writings of Dorothy Allison, who focuses on child sexual abuse and deliberately ...
Active substance abuse (for serial ketamine injections). Age less than 3 months. At anesthetic doses, 10-20% of adults (1-2% of ... After an intravenous injection of tritium-labelled ketamine, 91% of the radioactivity is recovered from urine and 3% from the ... "Ketamine". Center for Substance Abuse Research (CESAR); University of Maryland, College Park. 29 October 2013. Archived from ... Intravenous ketamine infusion in treatment resistant depression results in improved mood within 4 hours reaching the peak at 24 ...
Due to rife intravenous abuse, the Australian government decided to put it under a more restrictive schedule than it had been, ... The substance can be given by pharmacists under a prescription. Anyone who supplies the substance without prescription can be ... a Class D substance under the Executive Order 698 of 1993 on Euphoric Substances which means it has a high potential for abuse ... Benzodiazepines have been abused orally and intravenously. Different benzodiazepines have different abuse potential; the more ...
... nursing Rehabilitation nursing Research nursing Renal nursing School nursing Space nursing Sub-acute nursing Substance abuse ... nursing Home health nursing Hospice and palliative care nursing Hyperbaric nursing Immunology and allergy nursing Intravenous ...
Braves and selected as the MLB Comeback Player of the Year Award in 1989 Others continued to struggle with substance abuse: Rod ... died in 1991 after having contracted HIV via intravenous drug use. Serving as a precursor to those listed on the Mitchell ... The players were allowed to continue playing under the condition that they donated 10% of their base salaries to drug-abuse ... "Smith blast puts holes in baseball's alleged anti-drug abuse campaign". Lewiston (Maine) Daily Sun. July 29, 1987. Retrieved ...
These substances can aid endurance athletes and are banned from sports; one cyclist's near death in 1998 prompted an ... The most common tracer is fluorodeoxyglucose which, after intravenous injection, is taken up by glucose-requiring tissues such ... investigation into their abuse. Applications of pure perfluorocarbon liquid breathing (which uses pure perfluorocarbon liquid, ... Unreactive substances like powdered steel, glass fragments, and asbestos fibers react quickly with cold fluorine gas; wood and ...
Even though these sedating agents provide a comforting effect for the person, there are risks of substance abuse and diversion ... Unlike intravenous lines, which usually need to be placed in a hospital environment, the rectal catheter can be placed by a ... Therefore, in order to both maintain the quality of care and prevent the risk of drug abuse, the Clinical Practice Guidelines ... Sedation administration can be both continuous and intermittent, and the route chosen may be intravenous, intramuscular, ...
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 11 (4): 319-23. doi:10.1016/0740-5472(94)90042-6. hdl:2027.42/31476. PMID 7966502.. ... Walker BM, Ettenberg A (April 2003). "The effects of alprazolam on conditioned place preferences produced by intravenous heroin ... Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 March 2012. Retrieved ... Galanter M (2008). The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Substance Abuse Treatment (4th ed.). American Psychiatric ...
... is prevented by the mother abstaining from substance abuse. In some cases, a prescribed medication may have ... Babies who vomit or who are very dehydrated may temporarily need intravenous fluids or feeding through a nasogastric tube. Some ... Newborns are less able to metabolize drugs, so the substance stays in their system for a relatively longer time when compared ...
... is a Schedule IV controlled substance and is a common drug of abuse. It is available as a generic medication. In ... Walker BM, Ettenberg A (April 2003). "The effects of alprazolam on conditioned place preferences produced by intravenous heroin ... Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 March 2012. Retrieved ... Galanter M (2008). The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Substance Abuse Treatment (4th ed.). American Psychiatric ...
Hamid H.; El-Mallakh RS; Vandeveir K (March 2005). "Substance Abuse: Medical and Slang Terminology". South Med J. 98 (3): 350- ... Weber, M; Motin, L; Gaul, S; Beker, F; Fink, RH; Adams, DJ (January 2005). "Intravenous anaesthetics inhibit nicotinic ... Galanter, Marc; Kleber, Herbert D. (1 July 2008). The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Substance Abuse Treatment ( ... In the United States, the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 classified most barbiturates as controlled substances-and they ...
Brust JC (2004). Neurological Aspects of Substance Abuse. Butterworth-Heinemann. pp. 117-. ISBN 978-0-7506-7313-6. United ... "Effect of rate of administration on subjective and physiological effects of intravenous cocaine in humans". Drug and Alcohol ... Banks ML, Bauer CT, Blough BE, Rothman RB, Partilla JS, Baumann MH, Negus SS (2014). "Abuse-related effects of dual dopamine/ ... Baumann MH, Clark RD, Budzynski AG, Partilla JS, Blough BE, Rothman RB (2005). "N-substituted piperazines abused by humans ...
"Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2006: National Estimates of Drug-Related Emergency Department Visits". Substance Abuse and Mental ... Sorel L; Mechler L; Harmant J (1981). "Comparative trial of intravenous lorazepam and clonazepam im status epilepticus". Clin ... Pagliaro, Ann Marie; Pagliaro, Louis A. (2017). Women's Drug and Substance Abuse: A Comprehensive Analysis and Reflective ... Fisher, Gary L. (2009). Encyclopedia of substance abuse prevention, treatment, & recovery. Los Angeles: SAGE. p. 100. ISBN ...
Langrod, Pedro Ruiz, Eric C. Strain, John G. (2007). The substance abuse handbook. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/ ... Risk factors include intravenous drug use, with rates reported as high as 65% among users. In 2005 in the United States, 3.2 ... Risk factors include intravenous drug use, with rates reported as high as 65% among users. In 2005 in the United States 3.2 ... For those with a history of intravenous drug use, an X-ray is recommended before treatment to verify that no needle fragments ...
A diuretic (/ˌdaɪjʊˈrɛtɪk/) is any substance that promotes diuresis, the increased production of urine. This includes forced ... Abuse in sportsEdit. A common application of diuretics is for the purposes of invalidating drug tests.[18] Diuretics increase ... Bahrke, Michael (2002). Performance-Enhancing Substances in Sport and Exercise.. *^ Agence France Presse (2012-07-17). "UCI ... Diuretics are sometimes abused by people with an eating disorder, especially people with bulimia nervosa, with the goal of ...
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) - subunit HIV vaccine - sulfa drug - sulfonamides - ... intravenous - intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) - intravitreal - Investigational New Drug (IND) - IRB - ITP - IVIG ...
... substance abuse, and suicide. Although these issues exist among lesbians, discussion about their causes shifted after ... The highest rate of transmission of HIV to lesbians is among women who participate in intravenous drug use or have sexual ... as well as not being satisfied with treatment for substance abuse programs.[214] Many lesbian communities are centered in bars ... Further changing values are evident in the writings of Dorothy Allison, who focuses on child sexual abuse and deliberately ...
Schedule I status is reserved for those substances with a high potential for abuse, no currently accepted use for treatment in ... Reported modalities of intake include oral consumption, insufflation, smoking, rectal and intravenous use. It is supposedly ... MDPV is specifically listed as a controlled substance in Finland (listed appendix IV substance as of June 28, 2010), Denmark ... On October 21, 2011, the DEA issued a temporary one-year ban on MDPV, classifying it as a schedule I substance. ...
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) define the term "binge drinking" as a pattern of drinking that ... Currently, the only known substance that can increase the rate of metabolism of alcohol is fructose. The effect can vary ... Bode, JC; Bode, C; Thiele, D (1 February 1979). "Alcohol metabolism in man: effect of intravenous fructose infusion on blood ... Rawat, AK (February 1977). "Effects of fructose and other substances on ethanol and acetaldehyde metabolism in man". Research ...
In the US, ketorolac is the only widely available intravenous NSAID. An IV form of paracetamol, which is not an NSAID, became ... "Toradol Lawsuit: NFL Can't Outrun Legacy of Abuse". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2020-04-18.. ... but ketorolac is not a commonly abused drug with a bad reputation. Furthermore, ketorolac is a NSAID which are generally ... "NFL abuse of painkillers and other drugs described in court filings". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2020-04-18 ...
Neumann R, Schulzke SM, Bührer C (2012). "Oral ibuprofen versus intravenous ibuprofen or intravenous indomethacin for the ... Profiles of Drug Substances, Excipients and Related Methodology. 37. pp. 113-81. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-397220-0.00004-0. ISBN ... "National Institute of Drug Abuse. July 2015. Archived from the original on 17 April 2016. Retrieved 19 April 2016. The term ... Higher potential for abuse compared to other opioids due to its rapid penetration of the blood-brain barrier. ...
Langrod, Pedro Ruiz, Eric C. Strain, John G. (2007). The substance abuse handbook. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/ ... Skin abscesses are common and have become more common in recent years.[1] As many as 65% of people who take intravenous drugs ... Abscesses are caused by bacterial infection, parasites, or foreign substances. Bacterial infection is the most common cause.[4] ...
Treatment, Center for Substance Abuse. Chapter 2-How Stimulants Affect the Brain and Behavior. Substance Abuse and Mental ... Fornazzari L, Carlen PL, Kapur BM (November 1986). "Intravenous abuse of propylhexedrine (Benzedrex) and the risk of brainstem ... Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. Treatment for Stimulant Use Disorders. Rockville (MD): Substance Abuse and Mental Health ... Center for Substance Abuse (1 January 1999). "Chapter 2-How Stimulants Affect the Brain and Behavior". Substance Abuse and ...
All Ephedra spp and ephedrine itself are considered schedule 4 substances under the Poisons Standard (October 2015).[50] A ... Ephedrine may be quantified in blood, plasma, or urine to monitor possible abuse by athletes, confirm a diagnosis of poisoning ... Onset with intravenous use is fast, while injection into a muscle can take 20 minutes, and by mouth can take an hour for effect ... and abuse.[1] While likely safe in pregnancy, its use in this population is poorly studied.[2][3] Use during breastfeeding is ...
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2011). "Drug Abuse ... Intravenous diazepam or lorazepam are first-line treatments for status epilepticus.[10][25] However, intravenous lorazepam has ... "Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Archived from the original on 31 May 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014. ... At a particularly high risk for diazepam misuse, abuse or dependence are: *People with a history of alcohol or drug abuse or ...
Archer RP (March 2009). "Fluoromethcathinone, a new substance of abuse". Forensic Sci. Int. 185 (1-3): 10-20. doi:10.1016/j. ... Oral, intranasal, intravenous. Legal status. Legal status. *CA: Schedule I *DE: Anlage II (Authorized trade only, not ... Schedules of Controlled Substances: Temporary Placement of 10 Synthetic Cathinones Into Schedule I ... In the United States, 3-FMC is Schedule I controlled substance.[4] ...
A Schedule 9 substance is defined as a substance which may be abused or misused, the manufacture, possession, sale or use of ... using previous data on intravenous administration of LSD.[9][6] The sample was equally divided between male and female subjects ... CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link): LSD is a Schedule I substance under the Controlled Substances Act. ... "Commonly Abused Drugs Charts". National Institute on Drug Abuse. July 2, 2018. Retrieved July 14, 2018.. ...
"Center for Substance Abuse Research. University of Maryland. 12 November 2013 tarihinde kaynağından Arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: ... "The Effect of a Single Dose of Intravenous Ketamine on Suicidal Ideation: A Systematic Review and Individual Participant Data ... "Center for Substance Abuse Research (CESAR); University of Maryland, College Park. 29 October 2013. 2013-11-12 tarihinde ... Giannini, AJ (1999). Drug Abuse. Los Angeles: Health Information Press. s. 104. ISBN 978-1-885987-11-2.. ...
Pagliaro, Louis; Ann Marie Pagliaro (2004). Pagliaros' Comprehensive Guide to Drugs and Substances of Abuse. Washington, D.C.: ... Jeffcoat AR, Perez-Reyes M, Hill JM, Sadler BM, Cook CE (1989). "Cocaine disposition in humans after intravenous injection, ... Teobaldo, Llosa (1994). "The Standard Low Dose of Oral Cocaine: Used for Treatment of Cocaine Dependence". Substance Abuse 15 ( ... Baigent, Michael (2003). "Physical complications of substance abuse: what the psychiatrist needs to know". Curr Opin Psychiatry ...
Other substances used from antiquity for anesthetic purposes include extracts of juniper and coca.[35][36][37] ... Many new intravenous and inhalational anesthetics were developed and brought into clinical use during the second half of the ... United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health ... Sodium thiopental, the first intravenous anesthetic, was synthesized in 1934 by Ernest H. Volwiler (1893-1992) and Donalee L. ...
Intravitreal is a route of administration of a drug or other substance, in which the substance[1] is delivered into the eye. ... "Drugs of Abuse". Retrieved 10 May 2014.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes ...
Group B - Acetonides (and related substances)Edit. Amcinonide, budesonide, desonide, fluocinolone acetonide, fluocinonide, ... "Misuse and abuse of topical steroids: implications". Expert Review of Dermatology. 2 (1): 31-40. doi:10.1586/17469872.2.1.31 ... Available in injectables for intravenous and parenteral routes.[36]. HistoryEdit. Introduction of early corticosteroids[37][38] ...
Main article: Intravenous therapy. Intravenous injections involve needle insertion directly into the vein and the substance is ... Naltrexone may be administered in a monthly depot injection to control opioid abuse; in this case, the depot injection improves ... Intramuscular injections (IM injections) deliver a substance deep into a muscle, where they are quickly absorbed by blood ... Parenteral injection includes subcutaneous, intramuscular, intravenous, intraperitoneal, intracardiac, intraarticular and ...
Furosemide 125mg vials for intravenous application. A diuretic is any substance that promotes diuresis, the increased ... Abuse in sports[edit]. A common application of diuretics is for the purposes of invalidating drug tests.[17] Diuretics increase ... Bahrke, Michael (2002). Performance-Enhancing Substances in Sport and Exercise.. *^ Agence France Presse (2012-07-17). "UCI ... Diuretics are sometimes abused by people with an eating disorder, especially people with bulimia nervosa, with the goal of ...
As of 2018, phenibut is not a controlled substance in any country apart from Australia.[1] In 2015, it was suggested that the ... but can also be given as an intravenous infusion.[5][4][6][7] ... Politics of drug abuse. *War on Drugs *Mexican Drug War. *Plan ... It is a controlled substance in Australia, and it has been suggested that its legal status should be reconsidered in Europe as ... after oral and intravenous administration, it appeared to undergo minimal or no metabolism in multiple species, and it crossed ...
Intravenous injections of solutions speculated to contain iodine and silver nitrate were successful, but had unwanted side ... Sigmund Rascher experimented with the effects of Polygal, a substance made from beet and apple pectin, which aided blood ... After the war, these crimes were tried at what became known as the Doctors' Trial, and revulsion at the abuses perpetrated led ... Some male Jewish prisoners had poisonous substances scrubbed or injected into their skin, causing boils filled with black fluid ...
... and because cocaine users may be prone to continue to abuse the substance, thus complicating the effect of drug therapy.[54] ... "Beta blockers and intravenous roentgen contrast materials: Which risks do exist?" (PDF). European Journal of Internal Medicine ...
"Antitussives and substance abuse". Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation. 4: 75-82. doi:10.2147/SAR.S36761. PMC 3931656. PMID ... Moderate doses (5-10 mg intranasal, or 0.01-0.02 mg/kg intramuscular or intravenous) will produce analgesia and anesthesia. ... high abuse liability. *^ Fetting, Margaret (2015). Perspectives on Substance Use, Disorders, and Addiction: With Clinical Cases ... Rockville (MD): Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US); 2013-. PMID 27656747. PCP can lead to hostile ...
2008). "Effects of intravenous placebo with glucose expectation on human basal ganglia dopaminergic function". Synapse. 62 (9 ... 2006). "Effects of expectation on the brain metabolic responses to methylphenidate and to its placebo in non-drug abusing ... It is the response of the subject which causes the observed effect, not the substance,. ... Glucose: The expectation of an intravenous injection of glucose increases the release of dopamine in the basal ganglia of men ( ...
Inducing vomiting can remove the substance before it is absorbed into the body. Ipecac abuse can cause detrimental health ... In severe cases, where dehydration develops, intravenous fluid may be required. Self-induced vomiting can be a component of an ... An emetic, such as syrup of ipecac, is a substance that induces vomiting when administered orally or by injection. An emetic is ... a minireview with special reference to neuroactive substances and antivertigo drugs". Acta Oto-Laryngologica Supplementum. 419 ...
21, 2012 AP Impact: Big Pharma Cashes in on HGH Abuse *^ Jim Edwards for BrandWeek. March 20, 2006. Bad Medicine. BrandWeek. ... GH has also been used experimentally in patients with short bowel syndrome to lessen the requirement for intravenous total ... that classified anabolic steroids as controlled substances and added a new section that stated that a person who "knowingly ... Holt RI, Erotokritou-Mulligan I, Sönksen PH (August 2009). "The history of doping and growth hormone abuse in sport". Growth ...
"Substance Abuse, Intravenous". 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. V. W. X. Y. Z. * 0-9 ...
NIDA supports cohort studies of critical populations at the intersection of substance abuse disorder and HIV/AIDS and other ... Vancouver Intravenous Drug Users Study (V-DUS). *Institution: University of British Columbia ... NIDA supports cohort studies of critical populations at the intersection of substance abuse disorder and HIV/AIDS and other ... Multilevel Influences on HIV and Substance Use in YMSM Cohort (RADAR). *Institution: Northwestern University ...
Results of search for su:{Substance abuse, Intravenous.} Refine your search. *Availability * Limit to currently available ... Book; Format: print Publisher: Ottawa : Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse, 1997Availability: Items available for loan: WHO HQ ... of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Material type: Book; Format: print Publisher: Geneva : World Health Organization, 2006 ... by Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse , Canadian Public Health Association Material type: ...
Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant and Related Projects. As the SSA for substance use, OBH administers ... The SAPTBG program targets pregnant people and parents with dependent children; intravenous drug users; tuberculosis services; ... The objective of the SAPTBG is to help plan, implement, and evaluate activities that prevent and treat substance abuse. ... Other Mental Health and Substance Use Grant Projects. Stimulant and Opioid Response (SOR2). SOR2 addresses the opioid crisis by ...
Substance Abuse, Intravenous. Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein. [from MeSH]. ... Substance Withdrawal Syndrome. A substance-specific organic brain syndrome that follows the discontinuation of administration ... Substance-Related Disorder. A category of psychiatric disorders which include disorders related to the taking of a drug of ... General intravenous anesthetic. Ultrashort-acting anesthetics that are used for induction. Loss of consciousness is rapid and ...
... research on the efficacy of HIV education for decreasing such behavior in crack/cocaine-addicted individuals in substance abuse ... findings are consistent with recommendations that HIV education/counseling should be provided to individuals in substance abuse ... "The reliability and validity of a scale to measure HIV risk-taking behaviour among intravenous drug users," AIDS, vol. 5, no. 2 ... Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS) 2011 ...
Substance Abuse, Intravenous. Pathologic Processes. Chemically-Induced Disorders. Mental Disorders. Naltrexone. Narcotic ... Cocaine-Related Disorders Heroin Dependence Opioid-Related Disorders Substance Abuse, Intravenous Behavioral: employment-based ... Cocaine Abuse. Cocaine Dependence. Contingency management. HIV risk behaviors. Heroin. Naltrexone. Opioid Dependence. sexual ... Percentage of Urine/Breath Samples Negative for Other Drugs of Abuse [ Time Frame: 6 months ]. The percentage of urine and ...
Substance Abuse, Intravenous. en. dc.subject.mesh. Substance Abuse Treatment Centers. en. ...
Substance Abuse, Intravenous * Tuberculosis / drug therapy* * Urban Health* ...
Intravenous injection delivers the drug rapidly into your system, creating what is nearly an immediate and very intense high. ... What Are Track Marks? Injection drug abuse is one of the most dangerous ways of administering a drug. ... substance #abuse #treatment,top #rated #drug #rehab,quality #rehab #services,12-step #program,drug #abuse,substance #abuse # ... substance #abuse #rehab,couples #substance #abuse #treatment #center,couples #drug #abuse #treatment #centers,couples #drug # ...
History of substance abuse disorder.. *Chronic opioid use.. Sex/Gender ICMJE Sexes Eligible for Study:. All. ... Longterm Postoperative Analgesia, Intravenous Lidocaine Infusion Official Title ICMJE Effect of Intravenous Lidocaine Infusion ... Longterm Postoperative Analgesia, Intravenous Lidocaine Infusion (Lidocaine). The safety and scientific validity of this study ... Intraoperative intravenous lidocaine. Rev Bras Anestesiol. 2010 May-Jun;60(3):325-33. doi: 10.1016/S0034-7094(10)70041-6. ...
Substance Abuse, Intravenous / epidemiology* Substances * Illicit Drugs ...
Helping you find trustworthy answers on Intravenous Drug Abuse , Latest evidence made easy ... Find all the evidence you need on Intravenous Drug Abuse via the Trip Database. ... The current dilemma in the field of youth substance abuse treatment is that it is not clear what works best, as the research ... Intravenous Opioid Drug Abuse as an Independent Risk Factor for Supraglottic Squamous Cell Carcinoma - A Case Control Study. ...
Rationale Although numerous studies have documented that nicotine can function as an effective reinforcer of intravenous self- ... In: Mello NK (ed) Advances in substance abuse. JAI Press, Greenwich, pp 1-90Google Scholar ... Nicotine functioned as a prototypic drug of abuse, serving as an effective reinforcer of intravenous drug-taking behavior in ... Henningfield JE, Miyasato K, Jasinski DR (1985) Abuse liability and pharmacodynamic characteristics of intravenous and inhaled ...
Substance Abuse, Intravenous Program Evaluation Peer Group Risk-Taking HIV Seronegativity Substance-related Disorders ... National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Information provided by (Responsible Party). National Institute of Allergy and ... National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Investigators. Study Chair:. Carl Latkin, PhD. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public ... transmission among substance users and their risk network members. IDUs will be recruited using street and community outreach ...
Although the HIV-antibody status of residents of the substance-abuse facility was unknown, the clients were at high risk for ... In November 1989, a man with a history of intravenous (IV)-drug use first presented to the tuberculosis (TB) clinic of the ... The patient was living in a residential substance-abuse treatment facility in Michigan after moving from a large northeastern ... substance-abuse programs should perform a skin test and record the diameter of induration on each new enrollee, as well as on ...
intravenous drug use (1) * mortality rates (1) * substance abuse (4) * substance abuse treatment (1) ... The following subject terms are covered in studies that match your query: substance abuse treatment. ... NAHDAP is an archive in ICPSR and supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) and the Office of Behavioral and ...
Intravenous injection. Substance abuse. Risk behaviours.. RESUMEN. Objetivo: Describir diferencias de género en las conductas ... Effectiveness of substance abuse treatment programming for women: a review. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2003; 29:19-53. [ Links ] ... Programme on substance abuse - final report. Geneva: WHO; 1994. [ Links ]. 20. Chohan BH, Lavreys L, Mandaliya KN, et al. ... A comparison of male and female intravenous drug users¿ risk behaviors for HIV infection. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 1994; 20:129 ...
... infection among 80 intravenous drug users (IVDU) attending a methadone treatment program in Rome. Antibodies to HCV (anti-HCV) ... Substance Abuse, Intravenous / epidemiology*. Time Factors. Chemical. Reg. No./Substance: 0/Antibodies, Viral; 561-27-3/Heroin ... We investigated the relation of drug use and sexual behaviour to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among 80 intravenous drug ... Presence of anti-HCV was associated with duration of intravenous drug use and frequency of needle sharing (p less than 0.003 ...
... , Persons Who Inject Drugs, Intravenous Drug User, Injection Drug Abuse, IV Drug Abuse, IVDA, PWID. ... Single-Question Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAS-1). *Modified Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test. *https ... Intravenous Drug Abuse. search Intravenous Drug Abuse, Persons Who Inject Drugs, Intravenous Drug User, Injection Drug Abuse, ... See Opioid Abuse, which describes safer injection techniques for those who refuse cessation and treatment ...
Substance Abuse, Intravenous. Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein. ... United States Substance Abuse And Mental Health Services Adminis.... An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the ... Substance Abuse Treatment for High Risk Chronic Pain Patients on Opioid Therapy. 2014-07-23 21:12:36 , BioPortfolio ... Evaluation of the Substance Abuse Research and Education Training (SARET) program: Stimulating health professional students to ...
Substance Abuse, Intravenous/. * Heroin Dependence/. * Cocaine Related Disorders/. * Opioid-Related Disorders/. * Substance ... substance abusers OR drug users) AND (HIV prevention) *(substance abusers OR drug users) AND (Tuberculosis prevention OR TB ... substance abuse, and mental disorder), drug use, integration (index term delivery of health care, integrated) ... substance abusers OR drug users) AND (mental disorders prevention) The MEDLINE_OVID search for the literature on integration ...
Both patients were healthy young men with recent intravenous drug abuse. No other focus or predisposing factors ... Substance Abuse, Intravenous / complications. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine ... Both patients were healthy young men with recent intravenous drug abuse. No other focus or predisposing factors were found. ...
Substance Abuse, or clinically significant urine toxicology screen). *History of non-tolerance to SSRI therapy; including ... Experimental: Intravenous Citalopram Drug: Intravenous Citalopram Single dose of 20mg parenteral citalopram diluted in 250mL of ... Effects of Intravenous (IV) Citalopram on Emotional Brain Activity in Healthy Young and Elderly Adults. The safety and ... History of drug or alcohol abuse within one year, or lifetime history of alcohol or drug dependence (i.e., SCID Module E: ...
Medications, Substance Abuse, and Their Implications in the Dental. Management of the Pregnant Patient 38 ... Procedural Sedation (Oral, N2O, Intravenous) 57. General Anesthesia 60. References 64. Further Reading 65 ...
Leukoencephalopathy may result from the inhalation, intravenous injection, or ingestion of substance abuse drugs. However, such ... The most common causes are substance abuse drugs and chemotherapy; however, the disease has also occurred on the rare occasion ... Especially in the case of leukoencephalopathy developing due to substance abuse or environmental toxins, symptoms typically do ... High doses of intravenous methotrexate, a necessary component of chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia, is known to ...
PRWEB) August 6, 2004 -- Intravenous Drug Use (IDU) is known to be a major risk for HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) ... Intravenous drug use of Cocaine, Heroin, Meth-Amphetamine and other drugs with needle sharing is known to be a popular mode of ... Stopping substance abuse can affect many aspects of the IDUs life [1]. This includes improving their health, their ability to ... When health care costs are added in, total savings can exceed costs by a ratio of 12 to 1. Substance abuse and HIV prevention ...
Substance Abuse, Intravenous. en. dc.subject.mesh. Europe. en. dc.subject.other. AIDS and its Control. en. ...
  • Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein. (nih.gov)
  • Injection drug abuse is one of the most dangerous ways of administering a drug. (nef2.com)
  • Intravenous injection delivers the drug rapidly into your system, creating what is nearly an immediate and very intense high. (nef2.com)
  • Many drugs of abuse can be administered more than one way, including by IV injection. (nef2.com)
  • Intravenous injection. (isciii.es)
  • Leukoencephalopathy may result from the inhalation, intravenous injection, or ingestion of substance abuse drugs. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, they have a peculiar relationship in the sense that intravenous users, who attempted suicide, were likely to make their first suicide attempt prior to their initial injection. (omicsonline.org)
  • The Company has one approved product in the United States, OLINVYK® (oliceridine) injection, indicated in adults for the management of acute pain severe enough to require an intravenous opioid analgesic and for whom alternative treatments are inadequate. (biospace.com)
  • It is most often administered orally as either sodium solution or tablet, however can also be given by intravenous injection. (wikipedia.org)
  • A category of psychiatric disorders which include disorders related to the taking of a drug of abuse (including alcohol, prescribed medications and recreational drugs). (nih.gov)
  • Drug use disorders are addictive disorders, and the criteria for specific substance (drug) use disorders are described in DSM-5. (oercommons.org)
  • In addition to withdrawal, many individuals who are diagnosed with substance use disorders will also develop tolerance to these substances. (oercommons.org)
  • For the first time in history, the U.S. Surgeon General has dedicated a report to substance misuse and related disorders. (pbso.org)
  • This landmark report indicates drug misuse and substance use disorders are the most pressing health concerns facing America. (pbso.org)
  • FARGO, N.D. - July 26, 2018 - PRLog -- The Good Neighbor Project and Fargo Cass Public Health opened the Harm Reduction Center (HRC) to provide resources to people with substance use disorders and connect them to local addiction treatment healthcare providers. (prlog.org)
  • According to an HRC representative, the harm reduction model is different from some traditional addiction treatment approaches, specifically not requiring people with substance use disorders to be sober before receiving further treatment - instead, it promotes safe drug use practices, encourages reduced drug use and refers clients to local addiction treatment clinics. (prlog.org)
  • [2] [3] In 2015 substance use disorders resulted in 307,400 deaths, up from 165,000 deaths in 1990. (wikipedia.org)
  • Drug abuse' is no longer a current medical diagnosis in either of the most used diagnostic tools in the world, the American Psychiatric Association 's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), and the World Health Organization 's International Statistical Classification of Diseases (ICD). (wikipedia.org)
  • There are risk factors (e.g. substance abuse) common to HIV, and psychiatric disorders that may act as mediators, moderators, proxies, confounders or overlapping risk factors. (scielo.org.za)
  • According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), people with co-occurring disorders are more difficult to treat due to treatment adherence problems. (mentalhelp.net)
  • Still, among individuals suffering from substance abuse disorders, certain risk factors remain. (prweb.com)
  • A 30-year-old unmarried Moroccan Arab male with a previous history of active polysubstance abuse and behavior disorders had ingested and self injected intravenously into his forearm an unknown amount of a mixture of chlorpyrifos and cypermethrin. (biomedcentral.com)
  • People with ADHD have an increased risk of substance use disorders without treatment, and stimulant medications reduce this risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • 3.Substance Abuse, Intravenous - complications. (who.int)
  • New York University's policies on substance abuse and on alcoholic beverages are set out below, along with related information regarding University sanctions for violation of these policies, criminal sanctions for the illegal possession or distribution of drugs and alcohol, the health risks associated with drugs and alcohol, and places to obtain help concerning the use and abuse of alcohol and illicit drugs. (nyu.edu)
  • The abuse of alcohol and legal drugs and the use of illicit drugs is antithetical to pursuit of educational excellence and the realization of one's full potential as a student and member of this community. (nyu.edu)
  • According to the 2001 NHSDA, 6.3 percent (14 million) of the U.S. population reported current use of illicit drugs (i.e., used an illicit drug at least once during the thirty days before the interview) (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration 2001). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Addiction is more often now defined by the continuing, compulsive nature of the drug use despite physical and/or psychological harm to the user and society and includes both licit and illicit drugs, and the term "substance abuse" is now frequently used because of the broad range of substances (including alcohol and inhalants) that can fit the addictive profile. (questia.com)
  • The Drug Free Schools and Campuses Regulations (34 CFR Part 86) of the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act (DFSCA) require an institution of higher education (IHE) such as Blue Mountain Community College (BMCC) to certify it has implemented programs to prevent the abuse of alcohol and use or distribution of illicit drugs by students and employees on its premises and as a part of any of its activities. (bluecc.edu)
  • The report also recommends reducing new infections among intravenous drug users by expanding access to needle exchange programs. (scpr.org)
  • In November 1989, a man with a history of intravenous (IV)-drug use first presented to the tuberculosis (TB) clinic of the Muskegon County (Michigan) Health Department (MCHD). (cdc.gov)
  • Hepatitis C virus infection in intravenous drug users: prevalence and risk factors. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The prevalence of this disease is infrequent and often goes unreported, especially in cases resulting from drug abuse. (wikipedia.org)
  • 12 The increased HIV prevalence in patients with SMI may be overestimated because studies included high-risk groups such as the homeless and intravenous drug users, and the treatment setting varied, with inpatient, outpatient and forensic units. (scielo.org.za)
  • FR-CARA partners with law enforcement to embed substance use disorder (SUD) clinicians to provide early intervention and navigation services through referrals and direct contacts with individuals known to have drug and alcohol addiction. (maine.gov)
  • Copy URL Share a link Share on 1 The terms 'use', ' abuse ' and 'dependence' are often used interchangeably and refer to an addiction stage of non‐ medical drug usage. (tripdatabase.com)
  • Therefore tolerance and physical dependence do not imply abuse or addiction. (brainscape.com)
  • Therefore the American Psychiatric Association diagnostic system uses the term substance dependence instead of addiction for the overall behavioral syndrome. (brainscape.com)
  • Other health effects of abuse and addiction: Long-Term Health Risks. (smore.com)
  • Other effect of abuse and addiction: Smoking pot can increase your heart rate by as much as two times for up to 3 hours. (smore.com)
  • drug addiction and drug abuse, chronic or habitual use of any chemical substance to alter states of body or mind for other than medically warranted purposes. (questia.com)
  • Definitions of drug abuse and addiction are subjective and infused with the political and moral values of the society or culture. (questia.com)
  • Even narcotics addiction is seen only as drug abuse in certain social contexts. (questia.com)
  • The exact cause of substance abuse is not clear, with the two predominant theories being: either a genetic disposition which is learned from others, or a habit which if addiction develops, manifests itself as a chronic debilitating disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the universe of addictions, opiate addiction, for which heroin is the primary drug of abuse, is and has been a major part of the general drug abuse problem. (nap.edu)
  • unlike any other prescription drug and any other controlled substance, methadone-when used to treat opiate addiction-has also been subjected to a third layer of federal regulations. (nap.edu)
  • Section IV of Title I of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 (Public Law 91-513) charged the Secretary to "determine the appropriate methods of professional practice in the medical treatment of the narcotic addiction of various classes of narcotic addicts. (nap.edu)
  • A psychoactive substance, butabarbital drugs are often abused with risk of acute intoxication and addiction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morphine , a strictly controlled opiate, and synthetic opioids, such as fentanyl, have typically been most often abused by people in the medical professions, who have easier access to these drugs, but semisynthetic opioids that are prescribed as painkillers, such as hydrocodone and oxycodone, are more widely abused. (questia.com)
  • In my opinion, I think some often-abused prescription drugs are either off the market or they are priced so high that users can't get them. (lagniappemobile.com)
  • Comer SD, Collins ED (2002) Self-administration of intravenous buprenorphine and the buprenorphine/naloxone combination by recently detoxified heroin abusers. (springer.com)
  • This study will use a brain scanning technique (functional magnetic resonance imaging) to examine how aging impacts brain activation during emotional tasks after the administration of intravenous (IV) citalopram (this is the only SSRI available in this form, and is well tolerated and safe in young and old adults). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Garrett BE, Griffiths RR (2001) Intravenous nicotine and caffeine: subjective and physiological effects in cocaine abusers. (springer.com)
  • Eight patients were former or current multiple substance abusers. (smw.ch)
  • NAHDAP is an archive in ICPSR and supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) and the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR), both within the National Institutes of Health . (umich.edu)
  • Web-based cognitive-behavioral interventions to reduce substance use can be a useful low-cost treatment for a large number of people, and an attractive option in countries where a greater availability. (bioportfolio.com)
  • A prominent perspective among the 31 participants was that marijuana is significantly different from other drugs because it is safe, not addictive, not associated with physical withdrawal, and has less overt behavioral effects than other substances. (deepdyve.com)
  • The CDC report found those who are addicted to prescription opioid painkillers like Oxycontin, morphine and Vicodin are 40 times more likely to abuse heroin than others. (lagniappemobile.com)
  • It is indicated in adults for the management of acute pain severe enough to require an intravenous opioid analgesic and for whom alternative treatments are inadequate. (biospace.com)
  • Tier III tests can also be examined when they are clin- ically indicated, either by history of use, medication list, or very high probability of misuse/ abuse , in a specific patient rather than for every patient. (tripdatabase.com)
  • Exploring the victimization‒early substance misuse relationship: In search of moderating and mediating effects. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by ingestion. (bioportfolio.com)
  • More serious side effects may include psychosis, prolonged erections, substance misuse, and heart problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are many definitions of substance abuse and dependence but two authoritative sources are the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV-TR) (American Psychiatric Association 1994), commonly used in the United States, and the tenth edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) (World Health Organization 1992). (encyclopedia.com)
  • It is often used synonymously with substance dependence. (vitabase.com)
  • In individuals diagnosed with a substance use disorder, there is a compulsive pattern of drug use that is often associated with both physical and psychological dependence. (oercommons.org)
  • Psychological dependence, or drug craving, is a recent addition to the diagnostic criteria for substance use disorder in DSM-5. (oercommons.org)
  • In other words, physical dependence in and of itself is of limited utility in determining whether or not someone has a substance use disorder. (oercommons.org)
  • There are many misunderstandings about the origins and even the definitions of drug abuse and dependence. (brainscape.com)
  • The APA defines substance dependence as a cluster of symptoms indicating that the individual continues use of the substance despite significant substance-related problems. (brainscape.com)
  • Harmful use implies use that causes physical or mental damage in the absence of dependence (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism 1995). (encyclopedia.com)
  • 1994) where conventional definitions of abuse and dependence may be not be held. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Butisol sodium is manufactured by Meda Pharmaceuticals as a Schedule III controlled substance due to its high risk for abuse and dependence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Butabarbital sodium is a Schedule III controlled substance in the US and Canada due to risk of abuse and dependence. (wikipedia.org)
  • We investigated the relation of drug use and sexual behaviour to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among 80 intravenous drug users (IVDU) attending a methadone treatment program in Rome. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Describir diferencias de género en las conductas de riesgo sexual y parenteral, y en la prevalencia de los virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH) y de la hepatitis C (VHC) en los usuarios de drogas por vía parenteral (UDVP) en Cataluña. (isciii.es)
  • It listed other "significant conditions" including chronic substance abuse and hepatitis C, which is often spread by the use of intravenous drugs. (yahoo.com)
  • One of its aims is to reduce the spread of infectious diseases like HIV and hepatitis C as a result of intravenous drug use. (prlog.org)
  • Many people with hepatitis C have limited access to the health care system, as many are uninsured, have substance abuse problems and are or have been in prison. (scpr.org)
  • AIDS and intravenous drug use : community intervention and prevention / edited by C.G. Leukefeld, R.J. Battjes, Z. Amsel. (who.int)
  • While drug abuse treatment is, in and of itself, HIV prevention [ 5 ], a comprehensive approach includes HIV education/counseling to help patients reduce risky behaviors [ 6 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • With respect to illicit drug use, estimates for 1999 indicate 3 percent (180 million people) of the world's population consumed illicit substances (United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention 2001). (encyclopedia.com)
  • The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the interaction between oral oseltamivir and intravenous zanamivir administered as either a continuous or intermittent infusion in healthy adults. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Working Memory Training in Adults With Substance Abuse and Executive Function Deficits. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Interleukin-6 and Depressive Mood Symptoms: Mediators of the Association Between Childhood Abuse and Cognitive Performance in Middle-Aged Adults. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Young adults are most affected by alcohol-related facial Injuries, One study indicated that 61% of facial injuries were sustained by patients between the ages of 15 and 25 years, 20 Another study showed that 55% of adolescents presenting with facial injuries also presented with increased levels of substance abuse. (scielo.org.za)
  • 24 , 25 This clinical picture is further complicated by substance abuse, which increases HIV-infected adults' risk for poor adherence. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • NIDA supports cohort studies of critical populations at the intersection of substance abuse disorder and HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases. (drugabuse.gov)
  • A person who has a substance use disorder often uses more of the substance than they originally intended to and continues to use that substance despite experiencing significant adverse consequences. (oercommons.org)
  • Offering individualized care in one of the premier beachfront recovery communities in the world, Oceanfront Recovery is a licensed Men's Substance Abuse Disorder, Detox, and Dual-Diagnosis Treatment Center located in the heart of Laguna Beach. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Substance abuse , also known as drug abuse , is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others, and is a form of substance-related disorder . (wikipedia.org)
  • Both patients were healthy young men with recent intravenous drug abuse. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In contrast to intravenous methotrexate for cancer patients, leukoencephalopathy induced by orally taken methotrexate may be associated with cognitive dysfunction and even death. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients with hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) may be at risk for substance abuse. (mdedge.com)
  • Ten of these patients abused methylphenidate alone while four co-ingested other drugs, mainly alcohol. (smw.ch)
  • Most patients with methylphenidate abuse had a prescription for the drug indicating deviation from medical use. (smw.ch)
  • L' AZT et les autres chimiothérapies dures sont la seule alternative, et récemment ces remèdes ont vu leur utilité remise en question à la fois par les chercheurs médicaux et par les patients séropositifs insatisfaits. (sidasante.com)
  • 1 In patients, buprenorphine is used for treatment of acute and chronic pain using various administration modes, such as intravenous, sublingual, and spinal-epidural administration. (asahq.org)
  • 6 Substance use, also common in this population, is a major risk factor thought to exacerbate neuropsychological dysfunction, 12 and the risk of neuropsychological impairment may be particularly high in opiate users 13 , 14 and methadone maintenance patients, 15 - 19 regardless of HIV status. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Because it is classified as a narcotic drug 1 with some potential for abuse, methadone is also regulated like, other potent opiates, by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) of the Department of Justice under the Controlled Substances Act. (nap.edu)
  • Web-Based Intervention to Reduce Substance Abuse and Depression: A Three Arm Randomized Trial in Mexico. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Research has clearly demonstrated deleterious effects of substance use on an individual's mental health (e.g. dementia , depression, overall cognitive decline). (omicsonline.org)
  • Individuals who abuse illicit substances have been found to have increased rates of depression, anxiety , inpatient treatment and other cognitive deficits as compared to the general population [ 10 , 11 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • Assessment of concurrent functioning included clinician-rated scales of depression and substance use severity, and a battery of neuropsychological tests. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Substance Abuse Intravenous (IV) drug use and alcoholism weaken the immune system. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Track marks don't necessarily go away once you've stopped abusing drugs. (nef2.com)
  • Toxic leukoencephalopathy or toxic spongiform leukoencephalopathy is a rare condition that is characterized by progressive damage (-pathy) to white matter (-leuko-) in the brain (-encephalo-), particularly myelin, due to causes such as exposure to drugs of abuse, environmental toxins, or chemotherapeutic drugs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intravenous drug use of Cocaine, Heroin, Meth-Amphetamine and other drugs with needle sharing is known to be a popular mode of HIV infection for women. (prweb.com)
  • We believe that the best way to maintain an appropriate campus environment with respect to drugs and alcohol is through preventive education about the dangers of drug abuse and compassionate attention to the needs of those who may require help with alcohol or other drug-related problems. (nyu.edu)
  • While we all experience altered states of consciousness in the form of sleep on a regular basis, some people use drugs and other substances that result in altered states of consciousness as well. (oercommons.org)
  • This is an important factor because we can develop tolerance and experience withdrawal from any number of drugs that we do not abuse. (oercommons.org)
  • There are many levels of substance abuse and many kinds of drugs, some of them readily accepted by society. (questia.com)
  • Other illegal substances include cocaine and crack, marijuana and hashish , heroin , hallucinogenic drugs such as LSD , PCP (phencycline or "angel dust" ), "designer drugs" such as MDMA (Ecstasy) and acetyl fentanyl (added by drug dealers to heroin), and "party drugs" such as GHB (gamma hydroxybutyrate). (questia.com)
  • Some health professionals choose to avoid the terms alcohol or drug "abuse" in favor of language they consider more objective, such as "substance and alcohol type problems" or "harmful/problematic use" of drugs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Officials discovered six controlled substances among the packages, including lorazepam, codeine sulfate and diphenoxylate , and about ten percent of the drugs were antibiotics. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Why do People Abuse and Get Addicted to DrugsWhy do People Abuse and Get Addicted to Drugs? (amazonaws.com)
  • He had previous history of active polysubstance abuse of benzodiazepines, alcohol, cannabis and recreational drugs used intravenously. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Intravenous Drug Use (IDU) is known to be a major risk for HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infection. (prweb.com)
  • You have a history of intravenous substance abuse, which may cause a hip replacement infection. (mercy.com)
  • Although numerous studies have documented that nicotine can function as an effective reinforcer of intravenous self-administration behavior in animals, it has not been clearly shown to maintain intravenous self-administration behavior above vehicle placebo levels in humans. (springer.com)
  • But, the man's father said at the time there was no known history of intravenous drug use or other risk factors for the virus. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Rachel Braga, B . S . N . , R . N ., "Incidence of Substance Abuse in Anesthetists. (une.edu)
  • Presence of anti-HCV was associated with duration of intravenous drug use and frequency of needle sharing (p less than 0.003 and p = 0.02, respectively, by chi-square for trend). (biomedsearch.com)
  • While many Americans know that intravenous drug uses contributes to risk of spreading HIV (through needle-sharing), what is less known is the increased risk among all drug users of contracting HIV. (prweb.com)
  • Frequency of laboratory testing CONSENSUS-BASED EXPERT OPINION #1: Based on level II evidence, baseline drug testing should be performed prior to initiation of acute or chronic controlled substance therapy . (tripdatabase.com)
  • High doses of intravenous methotrexate, a necessary component of chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia, is known to cause asymptomatic leukoencephalopathy in children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Little is known about the medical problems associated with MPH abuse and the characteristics of acute MPH toxicity. (smw.ch)
  • Chronic intravenous heroin abuse: impact on the liver. (issuu.com)
  • For years we did not have to check for heroin abuse, but now it is something we have to look for all the time," she said. (lagniappemobile.com)
  • At the same time, CDC figures also show heroin abuse increased in demographic groups with historically low use of the drug, such as women, the privately insured and people with higher incomes. (lagniappemobile.com)
  • This study will provide clinical guidance for the use of intravenous zanamivir in settings where oral oseltamivir is commonly used, such as areas in which human cases of H5N1 have been reported. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Regimen C consists of 150 mg oral oseltamivir tablets taken five times over 3 days plus continuous intravenous zanamivir infusion (3600 mg) for 36 hours. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Regimen D consists of 150 mg oral oseltamivir tablets taken five times over 3 days plus intermittent intravenous zanamivir infusion received in five 30 minute intervals (3000 mg total). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Any substance producing stupor associated with analgesia. (nap.edu)
  • Intravenous meth users reported more depressive symptoms compared to users who smoked or snorted meth. (mentalhelp.net)
  • Further research conducted by the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) indicated in 2012 there were "133,000 new meth users," with the average age of new users being 19.7 years old (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [ 9 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • Regimen A consists of continuous intravenous zanamivir infusion (800 mg) for 16 hours. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This study will determine the efficacy of a peer-educator, network-oriented intervention to prevent HIV transmission among substance users and their risk network members. (nih.gov)
  • To compare the reinforcing effectiveness of nicotine versus saline placebo in human research volunteers responding under fixed-ratio (FR) schedules of intravenous drug self-administration while systematically increasing response requirements. (springer.com)
  • During 3-h sessions, intravenous injections of nicotine and saline were available concurrently and were contingent on responding (pulling a lever). (springer.com)
  • For instance, GHB , a naturally occurring substance in the central nervous system is considered a drug, and is illegal in many countries, while nicotine is not officially considered a drug in most countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is a strong association between crack/cocaine use and increased sexual risk behavior, but little research on the efficacy of HIV education for decreasing such behavior in crack/cocaine-addicted individuals in substance abuse treatment. (hindawi.com)
  • Childhood abuse is a risk factor for the development of cognitive deficits in adulthood, a relation that is likely mediated by stress-sensitive psychological and physiological indicators. (bioportfolio.com)
  • In fact, a recent study which examined the relationship between partner violence and sexual risk behaviors in a sample of predominately African-American and Hispanic women found that nearly half of the participants said they had been abused by a partner in the past. (prweb.com)
  • A history of multiple substance use may be a risk factor for non-medical use of methylphenidate. (smw.ch)
  • Notably, the risk perception of marijuana in individuals with substance abuse problems varies significantly from that of the general public. (deepdyve.com)
  • Understanding how risk perception is formed in substance users could explain these differences and help predict the consequences of policy changes. (deepdyve.com)
  • Using this framework, we explored risk perception and its formation in a sample of substance abusing veterans. (deepdyve.com)
  • Symptoms vary widely between sources of toxicity, dosage, length of time patient was exposed to the toxic substance, patient history, and patient genetics. (wikipedia.org)
  • The patient denied having a history of drug or alcohol abuse. (asahq.org)
  • His medical history included schizophrenia, substance abuse, and a short jail term about a decade earlier. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Our results and previous literature suggest that the significant disconnect between the individual experiences of substance users and the current clinical and legal policy towards marijuana may weaken the legitimacy of public policy or the authority of the medical community. (deepdyve.com)
  • These findings are consistent with recommendations that HIV education/counseling should be provided to individuals in substance abuse treatment. (hindawi.com)
  • However, a 2011 survey of substance treatment programs in the United States found that 43% do not provide HIV education/counseling [ 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Substance treatment programs have limited resources and, thus, the HIV education offered typically needs to be simple and to require minimal or no supervision. (hindawi.com)
  • In these before and after evaluations of the efficacy of HIV education and substance abuse treatment for increasing safe sex, we selected measures with the greatest public health significance: total abstinence or consistent condom use [ 13 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The patient was living in a residential substance-abuse treatment facility in Michigan after moving from a large northeastern city. (cdc.gov)
  • The initial phase of substance abuse treatment is a vulnerable period for relapse. (bioportfolio.com)
  • However, treatment of IPV perpetrators is far from effective, which may be partly due to the fact that the role of substance ab. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Motivational Interviewing Training of Substance Use Treatment Professionals: A Systematic Review. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Pueraria has been utilized by traditional Chinese medicine as a treatment for alcohol abuse. (vitabase.com)
  • Popular but evidence-limited notions of the cause, effect, or treatment of substance abuse will not be included. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Semi-structured interviews were conducted with veterans who were receiving treatment for substance abuse. (deepdyve.com)
  • Within our drug treatment programs in Mobile and Foley, we've also had an increase in intravenous heroin users. (lagniappemobile.com)
  • A contrasting narrative emphasized marijuana's capacity to cause negative social consequences, act as a gateway to the use of other, more harmful substances, and cause paranoia or worsen psychosis. (deepdyve.com)
  • The criteria for alcohol abuse in the DSM-IV-TR include drinking despite recurrent and significant adverse consequences due to alcohol use. (encyclopedia.com)
  • For example, the stimulant caffeine in coffee and tea is a drug used by millions of people, but because of its relatively mild stimulatory effects and because caffeine does not generally trigger antisocial behavior in users, the drinking of coffee and tea, despite the fact that caffeine is physically addictive, is not generally considered drug abuse. (questia.com)
  • WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{Substance abuse, Intravenous. (who.int)
  • More than 15 percent of teens have abused or misused a prescription drug in his or her lifetime. (bartletthospital.org)
  • Within the United States, the annual National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA) collects data on substance use patterns and trends among the general population. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The most commonly consumed substance was cannabis, used by 2.4 percent (144 million people) of the world's population. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Because of the widespread abuse of substances among the world's population, there are likely to be substantial family effects. (encyclopedia.com)
  • OLINVYK contains oliceridine, a Schedule II controlled substance with a high potential for abuse similar to other opioids. (biospace.com)
  • Evaluation of the Substance Abuse Research and Education Training (SARET) program: Stimulating health professional students to pursue careers in substance use research. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The drug abuse predated Ramirez's time in prison, said Lt. Keith Boyd, assistant chief deputy coroner. (yahoo.com)
  • Similarly, adopting the view that any (recreational) use of cannabis or substituted amphetamines constitutes drug abuse implies a decision made that the substance is harmful, even in minute quantities. (wikipedia.org)
  • MPH is abused for recreational purposes with the aim of inducing feelings of euphoria: However, the use of MPH as so-called cognitive enhancer to boost performance has become a focus of concern [5]. (smw.ch)
  • This is concerning since insomnia contributes to worse substance abuse and PTSD, and a host of negative health consequences. (medworm.com)
  • However, due to the fact that many IV drug users engage in chronic substance abuse, the appearance of these marks may vary. (nef2.com)
  • Methamphetamine abuse has created a continuous wave of destruction and disparity throughout communities as its widespread usage increases on a momentary basis. (omicsonline.org)
  • Whether its overdose, self-inflicted wounds or mere tragedy, death seems to be synonymous with methamphetamine abuse. (omicsonline.org)
  • Methylphenidate Abuse and Psychiatric Side Effects. (psychiatrist.com)
  • STUDY AIM: To identify medical problems associated with methylphenidate abuse. (smw.ch)
  • METHODS: Retrospective case series of methylphenidate abuse cases presenting to an inner city emergency department. (smw.ch)
  • RESULTS: We identified 14 cases of methylphenidate abuse between 2003 and 2010. (smw.ch)
  • Demographic data including age, sex, ethnicity and substance abuse were noted. (ispub.com)
  • NYU is committed to creating and maintaining a campus environment that is free of alcohol and substance abuse. (nyu.edu)
  • This article explores epidemiologic data and relevant information related to maxillofacial trauma, specifically associated with alcohol and substance abuse. (scielo.org.za)