Myoma: A benign neoplasm of muscular tissue. (Stedman, 25th ed)Leiomyoma: A benign tumor derived from smooth muscle tissue, also known as a fibroid tumor. They rarely occur outside of the UTERUS and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT but can occur in the SKIN and SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE, probably arising from the smooth muscle of small blood vessels in these tissues.Uterine Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UTERUS.Menorrhagia: Excessive uterine bleeding during MENSTRUATION.Perimenopause: The transitional period before and after MENOPAUSE. Perimenopausal symptoms are associated with irregular MENSTRUAL CYCLE and widely fluctuated hormone levels. They may appear 6 years before menopause and subside 2 to 5 years after menopause.Hysteroscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the uterus.Gynecologic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the female genitalia.Endometrial Ablation Techniques: Procedures used for the targeted destruction of the mucous membrane lining of the uterine cavity.Leiomyomatosis: The state of having multiple leiomyomas throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed)Uterine Myomectomy: Surgical removal of a LEIOMYOMA of the UTERUS.Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and NEOPLASMS. The neoplastic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Polyps: Discrete abnormal tissue masses that protrude into the lumen of the DIGESTIVE TRACT or the RESPIRATORY TRACT. Polyps can be spheroidal, hemispheroidal, or irregular mound-shaped structures attached to the MUCOUS MEMBRANE of the lumen wall either by a stalk, pedunculus, or by a broad base.Uterine Hemorrhage: Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.Myometrium: The smooth muscle coat of the uterus, which forms the main mass of the organ.Uterine Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the UTERUS.Laparoscopy: A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Interventional: Minimally invasive procedures guided with the aid of magnetic resonance imaging to visualize tissue structures.High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation: The use of focused, high-frequency sound waves to destroy tissue. It is sometimes used in conjunction with but is distinct from INTERVENTIONAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.Hysterectomy, Vaginal: Removal of the uterus through the vagina.Uterus: The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.Endometriosis: A condition in which functional endometrial tissue is present outside the UTERUS. It is often confined to the PELVIS involving the OVARY, the ligaments, cul-de-sac, and the uterovesical peritoneum.Infertility, Female: Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.Hysterectomy: Excision of the uterus.Subcutaneous Emphysema: Presence of air or gas in the subcutaneous tissues of the body.Hysterosalpingography: Radiography of the uterus and fallopian tubes after the injection of a contrast medium.Ablation Techniques: Removal of tissue by vaporization, abrasion, or destruction. Methods used include heating tissue by hot liquids or microwave thermal heating, freezing (CRYOABLATION), chemical ablation, and photoablation with LASERS.Postpartum Hemorrhage: Excess blood loss from uterine bleeding associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR or CHILDBIRTH. It is defined as blood loss greater than 500 ml or of the amount that adversely affects the maternal physiology, such as BLOOD PRESSURE and HEMATOCRIT. Postpartum hemorrhage is divided into two categories, immediate (within first 24 hours after birth) or delayed (after 24 hours postpartum).Uterine Rupture: A complete separation or tear in the wall of the UTERUS with or without expulsion of the FETUS. It may be due to injuries, multiple pregnancies, large fetus, previous scarring, or obstruction.Ascorbic Acid: A six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant.Oxalic Acid: A strong dicarboxylic acid occurring in many plants and vegetables. It is produced in the body by metabolism of glyoxylic acid or ascorbic acid. It is not metabolized but excreted in the urine. It is used as an analytical reagent and general reducing agent.Blood Loss, Surgical: Loss of blood during a surgical procedure.Intraoperative Care: Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.Catheter Ablation: Removal of tissue with electrical current delivered via electrodes positioned at the distal end of a catheter. Energy sources are commonly direct current (DC-shock) or alternating current at radiofrequencies (usually 750 kHz). The technique is used most often to ablate the AV junction and/or accessory pathways in order to interrupt AV conduction and produce AV block in the treatment of various tachyarrhythmias.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Mifepristone: A progestational and glucocorticoid hormone antagonist. Its inhibition of progesterone induces bleeding during the luteal phase and in early pregnancy by releasing endogenous prostaglandins from the endometrium or decidua. As a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist, the drug has been used to treat hypercortisolism in patients with nonpituitary CUSHING SYNDROME.Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Chickenpox Vaccine: A live, attenuated varicella virus vaccine used for immunization against chickenpox. It is recommended for children between the ages of 12 months and 13 years.Manuals as Topic: Books designed to give factual information or instructions.Cellulose, Oxidized: A cellulose of varied carboxyl content retaining the fibrous structure. It is commonly used as a local hemostatic and as a matrix for normal blood coagulation.Tissue Adhesions: Pathological processes consisting of the union of the opposing surfaces of a wound.Product Surveillance, Postmarketing: Surveillance of drugs, devices, appliances, etc., for efficacy or adverse effects, after they have been released for general sale.Hysteroscopes: Endoscopes for examining the interior of the uterus.Nonlinear Dynamics: The study of systems which respond disproportionately (nonlinearly) to initial conditions or perturbing stimuli. Nonlinear systems may exhibit "chaos" which is classically characterized as sensitive dependence on initial conditions. Chaotic systems, while distinguished from more ordered periodic systems, are not random. When their behavior over time is appropriately displayed (in "phase space"), constraints are evident which are described by "strange attractors". Phase space representations of chaotic systems, or strange attractors, usually reveal fractal (FRACTALS) self-similarity across time scales. Natural, including biological, systems often display nonlinear dynamics and chaos.ArchivesBiological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
  • This study concluded that the most common uterine abnormality was endometrial polyp (18.4%), followed by uterine septum in 6.9% of patients. (who.int)
  • In controlled clinical studies, LUPRON DEPOT 3.75 mg monthly for six months was shown to be comparable to danazol 800 mg/day in relieving the clinical sign/symptoms of endometriosis (pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, pelvic tenderness, and induration) and in reducing the size of endometrial implants as evidenced by laparoscopy. (nih.gov)
  • 1 , 8 , 11 Endometrial vascular disturbance and inflammation associated with myomas can also result in implantation failure or miscarriage. (glowm.com)
  • Spontaneous abortion may result from increased uterine irritability, altered blood supply to the endometrium, and distortion of the endometrial cavity with subsequent interference with implantation, and molecular changes in the endometrium overlying the myoma. (glowm.com)
  • Moreover, in a randomized study of a low-dose vaginal estradiol ring delivering estradiol 7.5 µg/day, estradiol levels increased less than 1 pg/mL above baseline ( P =0.59)and endometrial lining thickness at 12 months was similar to baseline, with a mean (SD) change of −0.14 (0.53) mm ( P =0.54). (cbw.com)
  • Collectively, these studies demonstrate that low-dose vaginal estrogen therapy, including assessments of three different estradiol preparations at 12 months of evaluation, does not seem to have significant endometrial impact beyond the local vaginal estrogenic effects. (cbw.com)
  • Further studies can include ultrasound, CT, MRI - but cost must be weighed against benefit, endometrial sampling or D & C (especially when dealing with an older pt to exclude possibility of cancerous growth), and hysteroscopy (allows direct visualization of the fibroid - especially submucus type). (ispub.com)
  • Although the risk of any myoma being cancerous is extremely low, he said he feels it is important to first rule out cancer by performing an endometrial biopsy. (bioworld.com)
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to analyze a group of patients referred for endometrial biopsy. (bvsalud.org)
  • In Africa more particularly in Mali, a study on the genital haemorrhages in the gynecology obstetrics department of the hospital of Bamako, concludes that the haemorrhage constitutes the first reason for evacuation. (scirp.org)
  • She performed a Meta analysis using the Cochrane library to attempt to determine how each type of myoma procedure would affect future pregnancies. (bioworld.com)
  • The type of myoma did not appear to influence the probability of recurrence. (aafp.org)
  • Some infertile patients conceived following surgery, with rates between 16 and 46 percent, depending on the type of myoma resected. (aafp.org)
  • The comparison of the saturation values in the biomagnetic recordings of large and small myomas may be a valuable tool in the evaluation of functional changes in their dynamic behavior. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Some studies have supported the advantages of administration of GnRH analogs before operation since these medications have the potential to decrease the volume of distension fluid and the overall surgical time, but some other literatures have shown that these analogs may increase the recurrence of myomas because they make small myomas less visible during the surgery [ 5 , 6 ]. (alliedacademies.org)
  • A clinical study on the difference among proteinuria components in preeclampsia and pregnancies complicated with chronic nephrosis. (amedeo.com)
  • Surveillance for improvement is based on clinical presentation, with little ability for surveillance through imaging studies. (medscape.com)
  • A study from athens4 found a regimen containing h + r + -itikos resembling or marked by] phonics n. 1 a person invests money instead of tests in health and clinical findings depend on: Amount of volume loss replacement methods normal urine are essentially the same. (bigsurlandtrust.org)
  • The results of a study published by the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1 may surprise you. (ask4ufe.com)
  • The variation on number, size, and location of myomas results in a spectrum of clinical symptoms and signs. (glowm.com)
  • Several OVs, including poxviruses, are currently in preclinical and clinical studies and have shown to be effective in treating metastatic cancer types. (cancerjournal.net)
  • This pilot clinical trial studies how well contrast-enhanced subharmonic ultrasound imaging works in improving the characterization of adnexal masses in patients undergoing surgery. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Clinical investigations ( 3 - 12 ) and recent case-control ( 13 , 14 ) and retrospective cohort ( 15 - 17 ) studies have found that women with endometriosis face an ∼2-fold increased risk of developing ovarian cancers. (aacrjournals.org)
  • clinical examination (abdominal and bimanual examination) may reveal characteristic qualities of a myoma: large, midline, mobile pelvic mass with an irregular contour and a "hard" or "solid" feel. (ispub.com)
  • The location of the myoma may cause the patient to present with pelvic pressure, but this correlates more with uterine size. (glowm.com)
  • The mean (standard deviation, SD) diameter of the myoma as measured by the ultrasound scan was 22.6 (8.5) mm. (upf.edu)
  • A longitudinal study observed that antenatal women with monitored (ultrasound) history were at lower risk of having uterine anomalies. (scirp.org)
  • Methods, participants and setting A historical cohort study based on data from the Danish National Birth Cohort, the Danish National Patient Registry and the Danish National Birth Registry (DNBR). (bmj.com)
  • Uterine myoma is associated with an increased risk of lung cancer: A nationwide population-based cohort study. (medscape.com)
  • This module will discuss the latest prevalence rates of myomas, etiology, most common symptoms, and treatment options. (nurse.com)
  • From my team I must thank Dr. Maddalena Santirocco for the research and iconographic part of this study, and the nurse Chiara Molaschi for her loyalty and support during the surgical operations performed all over the world. (springer.com)
  • Myomas are benign tumors composed partly of muscle tissue. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Studies that support this allegation provide evidence that morcellators tend to disperse ground-up tissue and either speculate about or directly infer the possibility of spreading cancer if malignant tissue is morcellated. (monheit.com)
  • Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples from normal myometrium, leiomyomas and leiomyosarcomas were studied. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • ConclusionThis study allowed us, by removing the entire septum as a whole structure, to redefine the concept of the septum as a complex structure based on islands of muscle fibers irregularly arranged in vertex, in a context of collagen tissue, similar to the structure of myomas. (medworm.com)
  • HSG was earlier performed as part of a fertility intervention (wrongly concluding on a detached form of pedunculated-myoma). (scirp.org)