Sudden Infant Death
The abrupt and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age, remaining unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history. (Pediatr Pathol 1991 Sep-Oct;11(5):677-84)
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Diseases of newborn infants present at birth (congenital) or developing within the first month of birth. It does not include hereditary diseases not manifesting at birth or within the first 30 days of life nor does it include inborn errors of metabolism. Both HEREDITARY DISEASES and METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS are available as general concepts.
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Infant, Very Low Birth Weight
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight
Infant, Small for Gestational Age
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
Infant Nutrition Disorders
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn
A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, mostly frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.
A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.
Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical
Intensive Care, Neonatal
Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)
Retinopathy of Prematurity
A bilateral retinopathy occurring in premature infants treated with excessively high concentrations of oxygen, characterized by vascular dilatation, proliferation, and tortuosity, edema, and retinal detachment, with ultimate conversion of the retina into a fibrous mass that can be seen as a dense retrolental membrane. Usually growth of the eye is arrested and may result in microophthalmia, and blindness may occur. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Pregnancy Complications, Infectious
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
Degeneration of white matter adjacent to the CEREBRAL VENTRICLES following cerebral hypoxia or BRAIN ISCHEMIA in neonates. The condition primarily affects white matter in the perfusion zone between superficial and deep branches of the MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY. Clinical manifestations include VISION DISORDERS; CEREBRAL PALSY; PARAPLEGIA; SEIZURES; and cognitive disorders. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1021; Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1997, Ch4, pp30-1)
A method, developed by Dr. Virginia Apgar, to evaluate a newborn's adjustment to extrauterine life. Five items - heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color - are evaluated 60 seconds after birth and again five minutes later on a scale from 0-2, 0 being the lowest, 2 being normal. The five numbers are added for the Apgar score. A score of 0-3 represents severe distress, 4-7 indicates moderate distress, and a score of 7-10 predicts an absence of difficulty in adjusting to extrauterine life.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Yellow discoloration of the SKIN; MUCOUS MEMBRANE; and SCLERA in the NEWBORN. It is a sign of NEONATAL HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA. Most cases are transient self-limiting (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEONATAL JAUNDICE) occurring in the first week of life, but some can be a sign of pathological disorders, particularly LIVER DISEASES.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Ductus Arteriosus, Patent
Hyaline Membrane Disease
A respiratory distress syndrome in newborn infants, usually premature infants with insufficient PULMONARY SURFACTANTS. The disease is characterized by the formation of a HYALINE-like membrane lining the terminal respiratory airspaces (PULMONARY ALVEOLI) and subsequent collapse of the lung (PULMONARY ATELECTASIS).
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
John B. Watson
Watson, John B.; Rayner Watson, Rosalie (1921). "Studies in Infant Psychology". The Scientific Monthly. 13 (6): 493-515.. ... The infant responds with smiles, laughs, and other affectionate responses. According to Watson, infants do not love specific ... Watson's behaviorism rejected the studying of consciousness. He was convinced that it could not be studied, and that past ... Infants and Children: Prenatal Through Middle Childhood. IL: Pearson Education. *^ O'Donnell, J. M. 1985. The Origins of ...
A history of Infant feeding in Malta. Association for the Study of Maltese Medical History. ISBN 99932-663-1-0. .. ... Routh, Charles Henry F. (1860). Infant feeding and its influence on life: or, The causes and prevention of infant mortality. ... In some institutions, nurses (nannies) carried the infants to the goats; elsewhere, the goats came to the infants. Alphonse Le ... Radbill, Samuel X. (1976). "The Role of Animals in Infant Feeding". In Hand, Wayland D (ed.). American Folk Medicine: A ...
Sociology of gender
A study of infants aged 13 months found that when boys demand attention - by behaving aggressively, or crying, whining or ... The development of an identity takes place as the infant gets more and more separated from his/her mother, with whom the infant ... Studies have revealed ways in which women are maimed, sliced, and raped in advertising images. However, the media is a ... The study showed that there were statistically more men than women holding those jobs and showed that the results were also ...
1998). "Newborn infants prefer attractive faces". Infant Behav. Dev.. 21: 345-354. doi:10.1016/s0163-6383(98)90011-x. Kramer, S ... The majority of averageness studies have focused on photographic overlay studies of human faces, in which images are morphed ... Many studies, using different averaging techniques, including the use of line drawings and face profiles, have shown that this ... In physical attractiveness studies, averageness describes the physical beauty that results from averaging the facial features ...
While the studies found that the combination had some effect on mood, the studies found that theanine alone had little effect.[ ... Restrictions apply to infant foods. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) considers it to be ... Most studies have used L-theanine. The opposite enantiomer, D-theanine, has been studied less. ... Large studies in humans have not been undertaken; however, several smaller-scale studies (fewer than 100 participants) have ...
Rovira i Virgili University
Undergraduate courses are provided in Nursing and Infant Education.. Affiliated centres. *Centre of Aviation Studies ( ... CEDAT - Tarragona Centre for Environmental Law Studies. The Alcalde Pere Lloret Centre for Environmental Law Studies in ... Among the studies undertaken, of particular importance are the systems for detecting gluten in food and the detection of celiac ... The former studies the interaction between the productive agents in markets, with particular emphasis on the economic ...
Study techniquesEdit. To assess infantsEdit. Infants do not have the language ability to report on their memories and so verbal ... Teti D.M. (2005). Handbook of research methods in developmental science: New developments in the study of infant memory. San ... Studies using this technique have revealed that infants' memory substantially improves over the first 18-months. Whereas 2- to ... These studies showed that prevention after retrieval affects subsequent retrieval of the memory (Sara 2000). New studies have ...
... which studies infants' acquisition of their native language, whether that be spoken language or signed language, though it can ... 1988), infants underwent discrimination tests, and it was shown that infants as young as 4 days old could discriminate ... There have been many different studies examining different modes of language acquisition prior to birth. The study of language ... a 2016 study showed that newborn infants encode the edges of multisyllabic sequences better than the internal components of the ...
Janet F. Werker
... , Infant Studies Centre". infantstudies.psych.ubc.ca. Retrieved 29 October 2020. UBC Infant Studies Centre ( ... of monolingual and bilingual infant language acquisition in infants at the University of British Columbia's Infant Studies ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Methodology , Infant Studies Centre". infantstudies.psych.ubc.ca. Retrieved 29 October ... D. Choi, L. Batterink, A. Black, K. Paller and J.F. Werker, "Prelingual infants discover statistical word patterns at similar ...
A 2014 study found that gentrification led to job gains in the gentrifying neighborhood. A 2016 study found that residents who ... greater infant mortality; and higher incidence of asthma, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Displacement due to ... Sharon Zukin's study of SoHo in Manhattan, NYC was one of the most famous cases of this phenomenon. Throughout the 1960s and ... A 2019 study in New York, found that gentrification has no impact on rates of asthma or obesity among low-income children. ...
Gentrification in the United States
A 2014 study found that gentrification led to job gains in the gentrifying neighborhood. A 2016 study found that residents who ... greater infant mortality; and higher incidence of asthma, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Displacement due to ... A 2019 study in New York City, found that gentrification has no impact on rates of asthma or obesity among low-income children ... The study also found "that children who start out in a gentrifying area experience larger improvements in some aspects of their ...
All the infants in Liu's family had to use the patchwork so that his offspring could know how fortunate they were. Afterwards, ... Research Papers of the American Quilt Study Group. 35 - via EBSCO Host. Xue, Bai (2019). "A framework of culture-based ... Embroidered infant bib. Quilting Shuitianyi Xue, Bai (2019). "A framework of culture-based innovation for the protection and ... Nevertheless, people believed that an infant's death was due to a ghost. The baijia yi was supposed to protect the child from ...
Alien hand syndrome
Recent studies have examined the neural correlates of emergence of the sense of agency under normal circumstances. This appears ... Infant and Child Development. 20 (1): 119-35. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.475.9911. doi:10.1002/icd.689. Akelaitis, Andrew J. (1945). " ... Combining these two fMRI studies, one could hypothesize that the alien behavior that is unaccompanied by a sense of agency ... Part I: Imitation and utilization behavior: A neuropsychological study of 75 patients". Annals of Neurology. 19 (4): 326-34. ...
A Mother-Infant Case-Study Involving Intergenerational Violent Trauma and Pseudoseizures Across Three Generations". Infant ... Some studies suggest that culture-bound syndromes represent an acceptable way within a specific culture (and cultural context) ... 1977), Culture, Disease, and Healing: Studies in Medical Anthropology, New York: Macmillan, ISBN 978-0-02-367390-0 Launer, John ...
Demographics of Ukraine
2013) 8.9 deaths/1,000 infants live births for 2,193 death for January-June 2011 8.6 deaths/1,000 infants live births for 2,190 ... Perelli-Harris, Brienna (2005). "The Path to Lowest-low Fertility in Ukraine". Population Studies. 59 (1): 55-70. doi:10.1080/ ... 5.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015). 9.1 deaths/1,000 infants live births for 4,564 deaths. (2010) 9.0 deaths/1,000 infants ... 2011) 8.4 deaths/1,000 infants live births for 4,371 deaths. (2012) 8.0 deaths/1,000 infants live births for 4,030 deaths. ( ...
Studies in Family Planning (1978). Vol 9, No. 8: 227-229 Dettwyler K; Fishman C (1992). "Infant Feeding Practices and Growth". ... HIV and infant feeding. Wkly Epidemiol Rec. 1996; 71:289-291. Jelliffe, D, Jelliffe, E Feeding Young Infants in Developing ... The review authors comprehensively searched in 2012 for studies addressing this question but found no eligible studies. ... and restlessness in breastfed infants. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is more common in babies exposed to a smoky ...
Reactive attachment disorder
Infants become attached to adults who are sensitive and responsive in social interactions with the infant, and who remain as ... There is one case study on maltreated twins published in 1999 with a follow-up in 2006. This study assessed the twins between ... testing the effectiveness of a new approach to mother-infant psychotherapy". Infant Mental Health Journal. 20 (4): 429-51. doi: ... There are two studies on the incidence of RAD relating to high risk and maltreated children in the U.S. Both used ICD, DSM and ...
Achievements and Challenges in the Study of Prenatal and Early Postnatal Brain Responses: A Review". Infant and Child ... MEG studies assist in clarification of the functional organization of primary somatosensory cortex and to delineate the spatial ... For example, a number of studies have been done comparing the MEG responses of patients with psychological troubles to control ... MEG has been used to study cognitive processes such as vision, audition, and language processing in fetuses and newborns. MEG ...
The two goals of their study were: "(1) Specify the time course of manual babbling in deaf and hearing infants; and (2) Examine ... Kearsy Cormier, Claude Mauk, and Ann Repp conducted an observational study of the natural behaviors of hearing and deaf infants ... "Manual babbling in deaf and hearing Infants: A longitudinal study" (PDF). Proceedings of the Twenty-ninth Annual Child Language ... Cormier, Kearsy; Mauk, Claude; Repp, Ann (1998). "Manual Babbling in Deaf and Hearing Infants: A Longitudinal Study" (PDF). ...
James Hatley Frere
... died as an infant. Frere met Edward Irving in 1825, and influenced him in the direction of the study of biblical prophecy. He ... George Stanley Faber and Samuel Roffey Maitland found Frere's biblical studies of some interest. He was a premillennialist. ...
"Infant and toddler health". Healthy Lifestyle. Mayo Clinic. Retrieved 2020-07-21. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link). ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Chapter 17". Study - Flashcards. Quizlet. Retrieved 2020-07-21. CS1 maint: discouraged ... Thus, it is often used sparingly and primarily on infants, children, or adults for whom taking an oral temperature would risk ... but it is still the preferred method for taking the temperature of infants and pets. Rectal thermometry is ...
Baby sign language
To determine how infant communication is influenced by gesture and speech, Iverson and Goldin-Meadow conducted a study. Infants ... Gongora, X; Chamarrita, F (2009). "Infant sign language program effects on synchronic mother-infant interactions". Infant ... encourage the infant, and be alert to recognize when the infant is signing back. When it comes to infants who have not yet ... Kirk and colleagues have found that the results of their study with hearing infants provided no evidence to support that a ...
Haft, Wendy L.; Slade, Arietta (1989). "Affect Attunement and Maternal Attachment: A Pilot Study". Infant Mental Health Journal ... various IPNB-informed studies suggest its benefit for a range of fields. This study used an IPA framework in evaluated the ... At birth, an infant's brain is not fully developed, being approximately 25% the volume of an adults brain in its first year and ... Infant-caregiver relationships in IPNB is also utilised in allowing patients to recognise previously believed 'character flaws ...
Infant and Child Development. 21 (1): 52-66. doi:10.1002/icd.762. ISSN 1522-7219. Hughes, Claire; Roman, Gabriela; Hart, Martha ... a 4-year longitudinal study". Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 54 (2): 169-177. doi:10.1111/jcpp.12014. ISSN 1469- ...
Condran, Gretchen A.; Murphy, Jennifer (2008). "Defining and Managing Infant Mortality: A Case Study of Philadelphia, 1870-1920 ... Similar studies have investigated the genes responsible for motility in Campylobacter species. All Campylobacter species ... The symptoms of Campylobacter infections were described in 1886 in infants by Theodor Escherich. These infections were ... Studies using molecular diagnostic methods". Journal of Infection. 54 (6): 558-66. doi:10.1016/j.jinf.2006.10.047. PMID ...
"Market Study: Polypropylene (3rd edition)". Ceresana.. *^ Stinson, Stephen (1987). "Discoverers of Polypropylene Share Prize". ... "High levels of microplastics released from infant feeding bottles during formula prep". phys.org. Retrieved 9 November 2020.. ... Lovinger, Andrew J; Chua, Jaime O; Gryte, Carl C (1977). "Studies on the α and β forms of isotactic polypropylene by ... In June 2016, a study showed that a mixture of polypropylene and durable superoleophobic surfaces created by two engineers from ...
Ladygina-Kohts, N.N, & de Waal, F.B.M. (2002). Infant Chimpanzee and Human Child: A Classic 1935 Comparative Study of Ape ... Further studies will attempt to teach baboons how to use an artificial alphabet. In a 2016 study, a team of biologists from ... The sea lions studied were able to learn and use a number of syntactic relations between the signs they were taught, such as ... In a 2013 study, baboons have been shown to have this skill, as well. The discovery has led researchers to believe that reading ...
Most infants in the study stayed with close relatives or the other parent, often in the infant's home, suggesting that even in ... "crushing the infant's face to the floor, chewing off the infant's feet and fingers, and in one case... putting the infant's ... Bowlby and his colleagues were pioneers of the view that studies involving direct observation of infants and children were not ... Spitz, R. (1950). "Relevance of direct infant observation". Psychoanalytic Study of the Child. 5: 66-73. doi:10.1080/ ...
Ebenezer R. Hoar
While studying law at Harvard, Hoar met Caroline Downes Brooks (1820-1892) of Concord. The two married on November 20, 1840. ... Sarah Sherman died an infant. The Hoar marriage was happy; however, Caroline had suffered from illness for many years. Caroline ... In 1837, Hoar returned to Harvard where he studied law for eighteen months and for six months in the law office of Emory ... After teaching, he traveled to Kentucky and heard the famous politician Henry Clay speak, then returned to Concord to study law ...
"Nancy Bayley - Defines Her Niche in Developmental Psychology, Initiates Major Study of Infant Development". JRank Psychology ... on what is referred to as the Berkeley Growth Study. The study aimed to study human development from infancy to adulthood on a ... was an American psychologist best known for her work on the Berkeley Growth Study and the subsequent Bayley Scales of Infant ... precursors to her later Bayley Scales of Infant Development. The Berkeley Growth Study had 61 participating children born ...
... is a condition in which one or more of the fibrous sutures in an infant (very young) skull prematurely fuses ... Lajeunie E, Le Merrer M, Bonaïti-Pellie C, Marchac D, Renier D (March 1996). "Genetic study of scaphocephaly". American Journal ... Cunningham ML, Heike CL (December 2007). "Evaluation of the infant with an abnormal skull shape". Current Opinion in Pediatrics ... Fearon JA, Munro IR, Bruce DA (April 1995). "Observations on the use of rigid fixation for craniofacial deformities in infants ...
After studying anthropology at the New School of Social Research under Elsie Clews Parsons, she entered graduate studies at ... When she was four years old her grandmother took her to see an infant that had recently died. Upon seeing the dead child's face ... Reading Benedict/reading Mead: feminism, race, and imperial visions - New studies in American intellectual and cultural history ... This book is an instance of Anthropology at a Distance. Study of a culture through its literature, through newspaper clippings ...
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act
Registrants are required to promptly report any new evidence of adverse side effects and to continually conduct studies to aid ... amended FIFRA to require all older pesticides to cause no harm to infants, children, and sensitive individuals within " ... 16] Publication of registration studies in the peer-reviewed literature not only provides unlimited public access, but also ... There is considerable public interest in the contents of pesticide registration studies, which has led to conflict over public ...
After studying the physical environment of the planet Mars, they are now designing a suitable Martian community. ... Most magnet schools concentrate on a particular discipline or area of study, while others (such as International Baccalaureate ...
They survive solely on breast milk or formula. Small amounts of pureed food are sometimes fed to young infants as young as ... The study confirmed the tendency of obese individuals to overeat, but these findings applied only to snacks, not to meals. That ... Many laboratory studies showed that overweight individuals are more emotionally reactive and are more likely to overeat when ... The naturalistic study by Lowe and Fisher compared the emotional reactivity and emotional eating of normal and overweight ...
માકડું - વિકિપીડિયા
"Immature siblings and mother-infant relationships among free-ranging rhesus monkeys on Cayo Santiago". Animal Behaviour. 44: ... Southwick, C., Beg, M., and R. Siddiqi (1965) "Rhesus Monkeys in North India." Primate Behavior: Field Studies of monkeys and ... Maestripieri D. (1999) "Primate social organization, gestural repertoire size, and communication dynamics: a comparative study ...
Elastina - Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
Jan SL, Chan SC, Fu YC, Lin SJ (2009). «Elastin gene study of infants with isolated congenital ductus arteriosus aneurysm.». ...
Kuhn, Jens H. (2008). Filoviruses: A Compendium of 40 Years of Epidemiological, Clinical, and Laboratory Studies. Archives of ... "Recommendations for Breastfeeding/Infant Feeding in the Context of Ebola". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 19 ... A study of 44 survivors of the Ebola virus in Sierra Leone reported musculoskeletal pain in 70%, headache in 48%, and eye ... "Preliminary study finds that Ebola virus fragments can persist in the semen of some survivors for at least nine months". ...
For this reason, it has been used as a model to study pathological conditions such as apnea of prematurity and sudden infant ... Studies have shown that the inactivation of this persistent sodium current helps end bursts in pacemaker neurons. The amount of ... Studies have shown that blockage of these channels leads to the inhibition of sighs, which indicates calcium flow through these ... such as Rett syndrome and sudden infant death syndrome. Both the eupneic and the sigh rhythms involve activation of the ...
A 2018 study in the Journal of Political Economy found that upon its introduction, Medicaid reduced infant and child mortality ... A 2018 study in the American Journal of Public Health found that the infant mortality rate declined in states that had Medicaid ... The study found that in the first year: *Hospital use increased by 30% for those with insurance, with the length of ... "Oregon Study: Medicaid 'Had No Significant Effect' On Health Outcomes vs. Being Uninsured". Forbes. Retrieved April 18, 2019.. ...
DNA studies also suggest an unknown degree of interbreeding between Homo sapiens sapiens and Homo sapiens denisova. ... late weaning of infants, and a nomadic lifestyle. Like contemporary hunter-gatherers, Paleolithic humans enjoyed an ... "Sex-Based Roles Gave Modern Humans an Edge, Study Says". National Geographic News. Retrieved 2008-02-03.. ... R. Dale Guthrie has studied not only the most artistic and publicized paintings, but also a variety of lower-quality art ...
"Longitudinal studies on chlamydial infections in the first year of life." The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 1.6 (1982): ... Single injection of ceftriaxone IM or IV should be given to infants born to mothers with untreated gonococcal infection. ... Time trends in ophthalmia neonatorum and dacryocystitis of the newborn in England, 2000-2011: database study. Sex Transm Infect ... Infants with chlamydia pneumonitis should be treated with oral erythromycin for 10-14 days. ...
A more recent meta-study summarizing five different studies concluded that infants are born with an innate ability to ... A 2006 study demonstrated that subitizing and counting are not restricted to visual perception, but also extend to tactile ... perception, when observers had to name the number of stimulated fingertips. A 2008 study also demonstrated subitizing and ...
Health in Nepal
"A case control study on risk factors associated with malnutrition in Dolpa district of Nepal". Retrieved 2016-09-11. Policy - ... Infant Mortality: From 97.70 to 29.40 in 2015. Child malnutrition: Stunting 37%, wasting 11%, and underweight 30% among child ... In order to address under-nutrition problems in young children, the Government of Nepal (GoN) has implemented: a) Infant and ... Results from the 2007 Integrated Bio-Behavioral Surveillance Study (IBBS) among IDUs in Kathmandu, Pokhara, and East and West ...
In vitro and studies show that Candidal growth, adhesion and biofilm formation is enhanced by the presence of carbohydrates ... Acute pseudomembranous candidiasis occurs in about 5% of newborn infants. Candida species are acquired from the mother's ... It is classically an acute condition, appearing in infants, people taking antibiotics or immunosuppressant medications, or ... an infants antibodies to the fungus are normally supplied by the mother's breast milk. Other forms of immunodeficiency which ...
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Umbilical cord blood is obtained when a mother donates her infant's umbilical cord and placenta after birth. Cord blood has a ... A study involving 2408 donors (18-60 years) indicated that bone pain (primarily back and hips) as a result of filgrastim ... A study that surveyed 2408 donors found that serious adverse events (requiring prolonged hospitalization) occurred in 15 donors ... "One million haemopoietic stem-cell transplants: a retrospective observational study". Lancet Haematol. 2015 Mar 2(3): e91-100. ...
Continuous studies have shown that increased BMI and weight gain are associated with people who spend long hours online and not ... as infants no longer needed to be carried, as nomadic ones must. Additionally, children could contribute labor to the raising ... Before the 20th century, the term was uncommon in English, and it was used either to refer to the description or study of the ... Second, studies have not shown clear links between recent technology advances and the wage trends of the last decades. ...
Grapefruit juice may delay the absorption of levothyroxine, but based on a study of 10 healthy people aged 20-30 (8 men, 2 ... While a minimal amount of thyroid hormones are found in breast milk, the amount does not influence infant plasma thyroid levels ... A recent study published in JAMA showed greater efficacy of levothyroxine when taken at bedtime. ... 15] Furthermore, levothyroxine was not found to cause any adverse events to the infant or mother during breastfeeding. As ...
Pharmacology is the study of drugs and their actions.. *Photobiology is the study of the interactions between non-ionizing ... Pediatrics (AE) or paediatrics (BE) is devoted to the care of infants, children, and adolescents. Like internal medicine, there ... Embryology is the study of the early development of organisms.. *Endocrinology is the study of hormones and their effect ... Epidemiology is the study of the demographics of disease processes, and includes, but is not limited to, the study of epidemics ...
The hypothesis has attracted increasing attention in recent years as a number of neuroimaging studies on younger children have ... Johnson, M.H. (2000). "Functional brain development in infants: Elements of an interactive specialization framework". Child ...
Numerous controlled clinical studies of treatments used by chiropractors have been conducted, with conflicting results. ... Ernst E (2009). "Chiropractic spinal manipulation for infant colic: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials". Int J ... Studies of chiropractic intern clinical experience provides no evidence that chiropractors are trained to a level of a ... A 2010 study by questionnaire presented to UK chiropractors indicated only 45% of chiropractors disclosed with patients the ...
... (from Latin audīre, "to hear"; and from Greek -λογία, -logia) is a branch of science that studies hearing, balance, ... They counsel families through a new diagnosis of hearing loss in infants, and help teach coping and compensation skills to late ... In Australia Audiologists must hold a Master of Audiology, Master of Clinical Audiology or Master of Audiology Studies or ... Minimum requirements for the Au.D. degree include a minimum of 75 semester hours of post-baccalaureate study, meeting ...
... as an infant, he was taken by his family into refuge in Iași after the occupation of southern Romania by the Central Powers, ... Having already begun to further his studies of Philosophy in Paris, he received a Sorbonne doctorat d'État in the Philosophy of ...
East New York, Brooklyn
"Broadway Junction Transportation Study: NYC Department of City Planning Final Report-November 2008" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York ... He came to the United States with his family as an infant and grew up in the East New York section of Brooklyn, where his ...
Nevertheless, studies[which?] suggest that certain forms of primary brain tumors are more prevalent among certain groups of the ... Less commonly, and seen usually in infants, are teratomas and atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors. Germ cell tumors, ... Although studies have not shown any link between cell phone or mobile phone radiation and the occurrence of brain tumors, ... Epidemiological studies are required to determine risk factors. Aside from exposure to vinyl chloride or ionizing radiation ...
The study of the epidemiology of Lassa fever is complicated by a lengthy incubation period, which may be up to three weeks. ... The "Swollen baby syndrome" occurs in newborns, infants and toddlers with pitting edema, abdominal distension and hemorrhage.[6 ... No study has proven presence in breast milk, but the high level of viremia suggests it may be possible. ... where military biologists study infectious diseases, have a promising vaccine candidate. They have developed a replication- ...
Bengal famine of 1943
Ray, Rajat; Ray, Ratna (1975). "Zamindars and Jotedars: A Study of rural politics in Bengal". Modern Asian Studies. 9 (1): 81- ... although the rate of female infant death was higher than for males, perhaps reflecting a discriminatory bias. A relatively ... Hunt, Joseph Michael (1987). The political study of nature-socio-ecological transformation of a North Bengal region (PhD thesis ... Mukherjee, S. N. (January 1987). Sir William Jones: A Study in Eighteenth-century British Attitudes to India. Cambridge ...
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Jude treats infants, children, teens, and young adults up to age 21 and for some conditions, up to age 25. ... "Phase II, randomized, open-label study of pegfilgrastim-supported VDC/IE chemotherapy in pediatric sarcoma patients". Journal ... Jude treats infants, children, teens, and young adults up to age 21 and for some conditions, age 25. ...
The preliminary studies show results inconsistent with the outcrossing paradigm based on individual environments of the studied ... consanguineous parents possess a high risk of premature birth and producing underweight and undersized infants. Viable ... Few studies have found evidence of regular incest avoidance in mammals but banded mongooses are an exception. ... Oregon: Society for the Study of Evolution. 45 (3): 622-629. doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.1991.tb04333.x. PMID 28568822. S2CID ...
A study on seed beetles found that intralocus sexual conflict arises when selection for certain alleles of a gene that are ... The most dangerous form of this is called classic PKU, which is common in infants. The baby seems normal at first but actually ... The studies on fungal evolutionary genomics will further elucidate the earliest stages of divergence as a result of gene flow, ... After Plate's definition, Hans Gruneberg was the first to study the mechanisms of pleiotropy. In 1938 Gruneberg published an ...
Randomised trial of a parent-mediated intervention for infants at high risk for autism: longitudinal outcomes to age 3 years. ...
Intervention in the British Autism Study of Infant Siblings CONSORT participant flow diagram. *The same family [Colour figure ... British Autism Study of Infant Siblings (BASIS) Team.. Collaborators (14). Baron-Cohen S, Bolton P, Davies K, Liew M, Fernandes ... Intervention in the British Autism Study of Infant Siblings-Video Interaction for Promoting Positive Parenting), against no ... Follow-up to 3 years of the first RCT of a very early social communication intervention for infants at familial risk of ...
Study Finds U.S. Infant Cardiac Deaths Have Declined | CDC
Study finds infant cardiac deaths have declined in states that mandate screening for Critical Congenital Heart Disease. ... Main Findings from this Study. *A 33% decline in infant deaths from CCHD and a 21% decline in infant deaths from other or ... This study is the first look at the impact of state policies to either require or recommend screening of infants for CCHD at ... For this study researchers used U.S. data on infant deaths between 2007 and 2013 that were classified by month and state of ...
Study: Malaria vaccine a letdown for infants
... with a new study showing it is only about 30% effective at protecting infants from the disease. ... Study: Malaria vaccine a letdown for infants. An experimental malaria vaccine once thought promising is turning out to be a ... Study: Malaria vaccine a letdown for infants. AP Published 11:47 a.m. ET Nov. 9, 2012 ... A study shows that an experimental vaccine is only 30% effective for infants at the target age for immunization. ...
Infant and Environmental Exposures to Thimerosal 2007 Study | Vaccine Safety | CDC
Read more about CDCs study assessing the safety of thimerosal-containing vaccines. ... What is the purpose and design of this study?. This study is a follow-up study to the Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) thimerosal ... How was this study design strengthened over earlier studies?. This study employed several methods to address limitations ... In 2010, CDC and other coauthors published a study in Pediatrics "Prenatal and Infant Exposure to Thimerosal from Vaccines and ...
Special Infant Formulas Don't Shield Against Asthma, Allergies: Study - MedicineNet
In the study, Boyles team looked at data from 37 studies that together included more than 19,000 participants and were ... home/healthy kids center/ healthy kids a-z list/ infant formulas dont shield against asthma article ... But a new review of the data on these "hydrolyzed" infant formulas finds no good evidence that they actually protect children ... The investigators found that infants who received hydrolyzed cows milk formula did not have a lower risk of asthma, allergies ...
Prospective Infant Behavioral Study (PIBS) | Hassenfeld | Brown University
Prospective Infant Behavioral Study (PIBS). The Prospective Infant Behavioral Study (PIBS) study is currently enrolling ... A second visit at 8 months of age will involve showing the infant videos on a screen that will help study personnel understand ... This study involves two visits. The first involves a standardized assessment at birth that will help researchers learn more ...
The study of infant attention expands in Malawi
The infants attention was studied with an automated eye-tracking setup that the Infant Cognition research group at the ... The study of infant attention expands in Malawi Submitted on Thu, 11/22/2018 - 13:26 ... The study of over 300 babies showed that 7-month-old Malawian infants learned to anticipate visual events and focus attention ... In Malawi, infants are more often exposed to many risk factors - such as premature birth, malnutrition, infections and ...
Study links water contamination to poor infant health
... a recent Yale research study establishes a link between contaminated water supplies and poor infant health at birth, especially ... in infants born to economically disadvantaged families. In 2014, the town of Flint began using the Flint River as a public ... the results of the study may underestimate the effects of a mothers consumption of contaminated water on an infant in utero. ... a recent Yale research study establishes a link between contaminated water supplies and poor infant health at birth, especially ...
Parental health status and infant outcomes: Upstate KIDS Study. - PubMed - NCBI
Parental health status and infant outcomes: Upstate KIDS Study.. Buck Louis GM1, Bell E2, Xie Y3, Sundaram R4, Yeung E5. ... To assess parental health status inclusive of infertility and infant outcomes.. DESIGN: Birth cohort with cross-sectional ... Search: Parental[Title] AND Health[Title] AND Status[Title] AND Infant[Title] AND Outcomes[Title] AND Upstate[Title] AND KIDS[ ... Parental[Title] AND Health[Title] AND Status[Title] AND Infant[Title] AND Outcomes[Title] AND Upstate[Title] AND KIDS[Title] ...
Parental Tdap Boosters and Infant Pertussis: A Case-Control Study | Articles | Pediatrics
Parental Tdap Boosters and Infant Pertussis: A Case-Control Study. Helen E. Quinn, Thomas L. Snelling, Andrew Habig, Clayton ... Delayed immunisation and risk of pertussis in infants: unmatched case-control study. BMJ. 2003;326(7394):852-853pmid:12702617. ... Most infant cases occurred in households where older siblings were fully immunized and the study was not powered to assess ... Our study provides evidence of a moderate reduction in the risk of laboratory-confirmed pertussis in infants aged ,4 months ...
Infant feeding and HIV study does not support Minerva's view | The BMJ
Infant feeding and HIV study does not support Minervas view BMJ 2000; 321 :303 ... EDITOR-Minervas report of the study by Nduati et al into HIV and infant feeding quotes figures for babies alive and free of ... Infant feeding and HIV study does not support Minervas view. BMJ 2000; 321 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.321.7256.303/a ( ... A review of the risks of not breast feeding found that infants not breast fed … ...
Infant health inequality has increased since 2010, study finds | EurekAlert! Science News
... infant health inequality is increasing, portending a rise in health and social inequity that could last for decades. ... After decades of narrowing gaps in health between infants born to the most and least advantaged American mothers, ... Infant health inequality has increased since 2010, study finds. Brown University. Journal. Social Science & Medicine. Funder. ... The trend is a concern, Rauscher and Rangel explained, because multiple studies have shown that when infants are born ...
Novel study links fetal exposure to nicotine and sudden infant death syndrome
... according to an important new study published in HeartRhythm,/em,,/p, ... Novel study links fetal exposure to nicotine and sudden infant death syndrome. ... "The importance of this study is that, for the first time, we provide direct evidence that in utero exposure to nicotine has ... Instead, those infants display a slowing of heart rate when lacking oxygen, as if their postnatal cardiac development had been ...
Prospective Study of Infant Dengue - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Mothers and infants will enter the study when the infant is between the ages of 6-14 weeks. At the 1st study visit, data on the ... The infant will have blood drawn at all 3 study visits. The 2nd study visit will take place when the infant is between the ages ... Study personnel will screen infants in the study who present with acute febrile illnesses. Those infants will have history and ... Prospective Study of Infant Dengue. The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the ...
Subdural haemorrhages in infants: population based study | The BMJ
The 29 infants (87.8%) who were alive on admission had a full blood count and coagulation studies. Twenty seven infants (81.8 ... The infant whiplash shake injury syndrome: a clinical and pathological study.Neurosurgery1989; 24:536-540. ... Nine infants (27.3%) died and 15 (45.5%) had profound disability (table 1). Nine infants (27.3%) were reported as normal after ... No infant had a developmental abnormality identified before presentation. Clinical presentation varied from infants with ...
Infant gut bacteria link with smarter toddlers: Study
Asthma-prone infants aided by gut-boosting probiotic: Study * Thousands of new microbial communities identified in the human ... The study, published in Biological Psychiatry, found that infants with high levels of the bacteria type Bacteroides at age ... Webinar HMOs: A New Frontier in Infant Nutrition * Webinar Pushing the boundaries: New science to push maternal and infant ... Infant gut bacteria link with smarter toddlers: Study. By Tim Cutcliffe ...
Unicef Study on Infant Mortality Upends Conventional Aid Approach - Real Time Economics - WSJ
... a new study by Unicef published Tuesday shows. ... Unicef Study on Infant Mortality Upends Conventional Aid ... Previous Seattles Minimum-Wage Rise May Have Pushed Down Workers Hours, Study Finds Next Four Problems Looming Over Historic ... a new study by the United Nations Childrens Fund published Tuesday shows. The analysis turns on its head the conventional ...
Mother-Infant Room-Sharing and Sleep Outcomes in the INSIGHT Study | Articles | Pediatrics
Mother-Infant Room-Sharing and Sleep Outcomes in the INSIGHT Study. Ian M. Paul, Emily E. Hohman, Eric Loken, Jennifer S. ... Mother-Infant Room-Sharing and Sleep Outcomes in the INSIGHT Study. Ian M. Paul, Emily E. Hohman, Eric Loken, Jennifer S. ... Mother-Infant Room-Sharing and Sleep Outcomes in the INSIGHT Study Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from ... These studies must be focus on what is really happening to infant sleep, not on what parents perceive that is happening.. 2. ...
Study finds reliable biomarker for noninvasive detection of deadly infant disease
A diagnostic study of 136 premature infants found that a protein involved in managing harmful bacteria in the human intestine ... this is one of the largest prospective clinical studies in premature infants yet. Results of the study are published online in ... Study finds reliable biomarker for noninvasive detection of deadly infant disease. *Download PDF Copy ... A diagnostic study of 136 premature infants found that a protein involved in managing harmful bacteria in the human intestine ...
Delayed Cord Clamping and Infant Brain Study - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Delayed Cord Clamping and Infant Brain Study (IBS). The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of ... Study Arms ICMJE *No Intervention: Immediate Cord Clamping (ICC) The infant will be placed on the maternal abdomen and the ... The purpose of this study is to determine if delaying cord clamping at the birth of term infants effects the early brain ... Study Phase ICMJE Not Applicable Study Design ICMJE Allocation: Randomized. Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment. ...
Infant Pulse Oximetry in Pakistan Study - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Infant Pulse Oximetry in Pakistan Study (iPOP). This study has been completed. ... The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study ... Study Design:. Observational Model: Cohort. Time Perspective: Prospective. Official Title:. Infant Pulse Oximetry in Pakistan ( ... Infants presenting to the Clinic Infants presenting to the Bilal and Bhains Colony Health Center. Devices used to measure Pulse ...
Study Finds Arsenic in Organic Infant Formula and Cereal Bars | Parents
Study Finds Arsenic in Organic Infant Formula and Cereal Bars. By Erin O'Donnell ... This study, published in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives, found that some cereal bars made with brown rice syrup ... Foods made with organic brown rice syrup, including infant formulas and cereal bars, may contain particularly high levels of ... Lead researcher Brian Jackson of Dartmouth College in New Hampshire says his team analyzed the arsenic in 17 infant formulas, ...
More Infants Surviving With Serious Heart Defects, Study Finds - MedicineNet
... a new study finds. There is still plenty of room for improvement, however, the researchers added. ... Although the study showed that "things are getting better," McCabe said, more improvement is needed. Nearly one in five do not ... "For infants with a critical congenital heart defect, survival up to one year has improved over time," said researcher Dr. ... The study also has another purpose, besides documenting whether survival has improved. It will provide a kind of baseline for ...
Acetaminophen Could Raise Asthma Risk In Infants, Study Concludes - Redorbit
The Danish study included 336 children who were followed from birth to age seven. All of the childrens mothers in the study ... Larger studies may need to be done in order to help provide more definitive evidence of whether there is a link between asthma- ... During the study, the children were assessed for symptoms such as wheezing, coughing and breathlessness for the first three ... NHS Choices points out in an article it is possible that parents in the study gave their child a dose of acetaminophen because ...
Probiotics for preterm infants: A National Retrospective Cohort Study | Journal of Perinatology
... and mortality in preterm infants. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of infants , 29 weeks gestation, admitted to ... A total of 3093 infants were included, 652 infants (21%) received PP. The adjusted odds ratios (aOR) of NEC (aOR 0.64, 95% ... Infants in the exposure group received PP. A multiple logistic regression model with generalized estimation equation was used. ... Prophylactic probiotic administration is associated with a reduction in NEC and mortality in preterm infants. ...
Dogs Follow Humans' Gazes Just as Infants Do, Says Study - ABC News
Dogs may be as receptive to certain human communication signals as infants are, according to a new study published in the ... Using a car analogy, Becker explained that one of the most powerful nonverbal cues, as the study suggests, is a humans gaze. ... This phenomenon, known as gaze-following, is well-documented in infants and young children, the authors wrote. ... 6-Year-Old Girls Link Intelligence to Men Over Women, Study Says ... Dogs Ability to Sense Communication Similar to Infants. *. By ...
Study Attributes Infant Mortality in 19th Century to SIDS
The infant deaths caused in the 19th century, which had been attributed to smothering and overlaying by either a co-sleeper or ... Sudden Infant Death Syndrome / Cot Death. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome is death of a baby, under one year of age that occurs in ... "The study strongly supports the hypothesis that these infant deaths represent empirical evidence of 19th century SIDS mortality ... I found wards with very high infant death rates.. Electoral wards which are free from such emissions have very low infant death ...
Benefits of breast milk over infant formula 'overstated': Study
Breast milk may be no more beneficial than infant formula for 10 of 11 long-term health and wellbeing outcomes traditionally ... Mead Johnson awards $1m to further study of piglet brain development * Infant formula marketing practices behind breastfeeding ... Benefits of breast milk over infant formula overstated: Study. By Mark ASTLEY ... Related topics: Research, Dairy-based ingredients, Maternal & infant health Subscribe to our FREE newsletter. Subscribe Related ...
Study Says Infant Foods Should be Screened for Mycotoxins
Complementary food for infants in developing countries especially those where corn is a staple food must be protected against ... Study Says Infant Foods Should be Screened for Mycotoxins. by Kathy Jones on November 12, 2010 at 8:21 PM Diet & Nutrition News ... Complementary food for infants in developing countries - especially those where corn is a staple food - must be protected ... Products from big brands that claim to develop infants health in a variety of ways are no match for nutritious home-made ...
Nasal Oxytocin Study | Mother Infant Research Studies
Free Parking or transportation to UNC for study visits. If interested, call Pam Beiler. at: 919-843-3419. or Email: ... Nasal Oxytocin Study Help us learn more about the benefits nasal oxytocin may have on mothers mood and physical health. We are ... Mothers with New Babies Needed for UNC Research Study. We are recruiting women who used substances any time during pregnancy ... Mothers with infants who are between 2-6 months old are eligible to participate ...
PretermMothersOutcomesResearchersYoung infantsBabiesLess likely to be fully vaccinatedPrematureFoundFindingsInfant'sSudden infant dLongitudinalFull-term infantsCohortBehaviorsVaccinationSIDSMethodsMaternalGeneral anesthesiaPediatricsMonthsMicrobiotaSepsisFormulasHumans2017Neonatal intensiveInfancyResultsBronchopulmonary dysplasiaGestationDevelopmentalNewbornsRetrospectiveMortality ratesVaccineBirthClinicalInterventionCaregivers2019Breast milkPercent of infantsExposureOccur in infantsPatterns in infantsCongenitalSystematicStudy'sStatisticallyChildrenAutismInvestigatorsMother-infantEarlyChildren'sVaccinesIdentify infantsNewborn infantsEligible infantsFetalSuggestsHealthResearcherRespiratoryEnrollExposuresParents
- To evaluate the effect of prophylactic probiotic (PP) administration on rates of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), late-onset sepsis (LOS), and mortality in preterm infants. (nature.com)
- Prophylactic probiotic administration is associated with a reduction in NEC and mortality in preterm infants. (nature.com)
- Critical systematic review of the level of evidence for routine use of probiotics for reduction of mortality and prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis and sepsis in preterm infants. (nature.com)
- Intestinal microbiota of preterm infants differ over time and between hospitals. (nature.com)
- AlFaleh K, Anabrees J. Probiotics for prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants. (nature.com)
- Olsen R, Greisen G, Schrøder M, Brok J. Prophylactic probiotics for preterm infants: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. (nature.com)
- Probiotic supplementation and late-onset sepsis in preterm infants: A meta-analysis. (nature.com)
- Costeloe K, Hardy P, Juszczak E, Wilks M, Millar MR. Probiotics in preterm infants study collaborative G. Bifidobacterium breve BBG-001 in very preterm infants: a randomised controlled phase 3 trial. (nature.com)
- Based on the available data, our findings showing that there is no significant increased risk of infant death, stillbirth, preterm birth or effects on birthweight from municipal waste incinerators are reassuring. (news-medical.net)
- With some exceptions, the CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends that preterm infants -- defined as those born before 37 weeks' gestation -- who are clinically stable should get their vaccines at the same chronological age and using the same schedule as full-term infants. (aafp.org)
- The study found that more than half of all preterm infants still had not received the full complement of vaccines recommended by the ACIP by the time they turned 19 months old, and more than one-third remained undervaccinated at age 36 months. (aafp.org)
- Of the 10,367 infants included in the sample, slightly more than 19% (1,991 infants) were considered preterm. (aafp.org)
- The authors categorized these preterm infants into two groups: early (born between 23 and 33 weeks' gestation) and late (born between 34 and 36 weeks). (aafp.org)
- Although 54% of full-term infants completed the seven-vaccine series by 19 months, only 47.5% of preterm infants did so. (aafp.org)
- When categorized by gestational age, completion rate was 46.4% in early preterm infants and 48.5% in late preterm infants. (aafp.org)
- As for vaccine coverage by type, a slightly higher percentage of preterm infants had received the requisite single doses of the MMR and varicella vaccines at 19 months than full-term infants. (aafp.org)
- Overall, however, vaccination coverage was lower among preterm than full-term infants. (aafp.org)
- Across the board, a higher proportion of preterm than full-term infants missed doses in the seven-vaccine series. (aafp.org)
- Ten percent of preterm infants were missing at least two vaccine doses, and 21.2% were missing four or more doses. (aafp.org)
- Vaccination coverage for rotavirus, hepatitis A and influenza also were lower in preterm infants. (aafp.org)
- At 19 months, less than 70% of preterm infants had received the rotavirus vaccine compared with more than 81% of full-term infants. (aafp.org)
- They cited one study that showed some parents thought their preterm infant was not sufficiently well-developed to be vaccinated, as well as other research that showed many parents believed their preterm infants were medically vulnerable even after the infant's health had improved. (aafp.org)
- The authors noted that research focusing specifically on vaccine-related communication between health care professionals and parents with preterm infants is lacking, and they called for further investigation in this area. (aafp.org)
- They also said more work is needed to devise effective strategies to improve vaccine coverage in preterm infants given the risks associated with undervaccination. (aafp.org)
- SAN FRANCISCO (February 11, 2011) - In a study to be presented today at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's (SMFM) annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting , in San Francisco, researchers will present findings that show that when women at high risk for preterm birth participated in a preterm birth prevention clinic, more women delivered full term babies and there were fewer cases of infant morbidity. (scienceblog.com)
- We wanted to take a very aggressive approach to treating women with a history of preterm birth,' said Sean Esplin, M.D., of Intermountain Healthcare and one of the studies authors. (scienceblog.com)
- The study showed that participants in the preterm birth prevention clinic had a 28 percent reduction in the risk of recurrent spontaneous preterm birth, as well as reductions in infant complications and short term disabilities," said Tracy Manuck, M.D., one of the study's authors. (scienceblog.com)
- Because the treatment works well for term infants, researchers had been interested in its possible use to treat lung complications in preterm infants. (emaxhealth.com)
- Earlier research in preterm infants treated with inhaled nitric oxide therapy showed varied results. (emaxhealth.com)
- The pregnant women could then use the bed nets during their pregnancies to reduce preterm deliveries and then use it to protect their young infants after birth. (scienceblog.com)
- Bonnet MP, Larousse E, Asehnoune K, Benhamou D. Spinal anesthesia with bupivacaine decreases cerebral blood flow in former preterm infants. (springer.com)
- NEW YORK (GenomeWeb) - Genetic variability within a certain metabolic signaling pathway gene may contribute to the abnormal brain development seen among some preterm infants. (genomeweb.com)
- Early mobility has been increasingly integrated into the care of critically ill patients from neonatal preterm infants to adults, but it's been slower to gain acceptance for the youngest PICU patients. (newswise.com)
- The study found that children born to Flint mothers exposed to unclean drinking water during pregnancy had lower birth weights on average than children born to mothers living in cities with clean water during the same period of time. (yaledailynews.com)
- She and her colleagues had no way to determine which mothers had engaged in avoidance behaviors and which had not, meaning that some infants included in the sample were likely born to mothers who had avoided drinking from contaminated public water supplies. (yaledailynews.com)
- 50% reduction in the incidence of severe pertussis in young infants, 7 - 9 data on effectiveness in the field has been limited to a hospital-based study from Texas, which found no apparent reduction in infant pertussis hospitalizations despite good uptake of the vaccine among target mothers. (aappublications.org)
- Between 1989 and 2010, the health gap between infants born to the most socially advantaged mothers -- those who are married, highly educated and white -- and infants born to the least socially advantaged mothers -- those who are unmarried, without a high school diploma and Black -- steadily decreased. (eurekalert.org)
- Those health complications are more likely to occur in infants born to mothers who face social and economic disadvantages, studies show, because they are more likely to experience high levels of stress, live in areas with limited access to affordable, nutritious food and come into contact with harmful chemicals in places where they live and work. (eurekalert.org)
- Like Aizer, they found that between 1989 and 2010, health disparities between infants born to mothers at opposite ends of the socioeconomic spectrum had gradually narrowed, leading to better health outcomes for infants born in more disadvantaged communities. (eurekalert.org)
- This study will enroll up to 10,000 healthy infants 6-14 weeks old and their mothers in San Pablo City. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Mothers and infants will enter the study when the infant is between the ages of 6-14 weeks. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- All of the children's mothers in the study had asthma, putting them at an increased risk for developing the lung disease. (redorbit.com)
- Infant cries activate specific brain regions related to movement and speech, according to a National Institutes of Health study of mothers in 11 countries. (eurekalert.org)
- Regardless of which country they came from, mothers were likely to pick up and hold or talk to their crying infant. (eurekalert.org)
- Overall, the findings suggest that mothers' responses to infant cries are hard-wired and generalizable across cultures. (eurekalert.org)
- More than half the mothers in the new study reported using baby shampoos on their infants within 24 hours of the urine tests, and about one-third had used lotion, and 14% used powder within the same time period. (commondreams.org)
- The team learned that several factors can impact the likelihood of parents completing all of their infants' vaccines, including mothers' education level, income level, and race. (consumeraffairs.com)
- Infants born to mothers who didn't finish high school were nearly 30% less likely to be fully vaccinated. (consumeraffairs.com)
- Researchers in Minnesota and Iowa have found greater risks of social and emotional problems in infants whose mothers consumed marijuana during pregnancy. (mapinc.org)
- Researchers said the size of that gap was surprising, along with screening results showing that 8% of mothers tested positive during pregnancy for the presence of THC, the psychoactive component in marijuana, said Dr. Elyse Kharbanda, lead researcher of the study from the HealthPartners Institute in Bloomington, Minn. Researchers from the universities of Minnesota and Iowa co-authored the study, which was published in the Journal of Perinatology. (mapinc.org)
- And while the study is the first to compare marijuana use during pregnancy with performance on infant screening, Kharbanda said the results are consistent with other studies that have found more problems in older children of mothers who used the drug. (mapinc.org)
- After six to eight weeks, according to this study, mothers and infants who received nevirapine had a much lower risk of H.I.V. transmission -- 42 percent less -- than those who took AZT. (nytimes.com)
- Researchers at the University of California (UC), San Diego School of Medicine and their colleagues in Canada analyzed breastmilk samples taken three-to-four months after birth from 421 infants and mothers. (sunnewsonline.com)
- A new study finds that infants in Nigeria are at double the risk of dying before they reach a month old if mothers lived near the scene of an oil spill before conceiving. (cbc.ca)
- Professor Roland Hodler led a study that discovered infants in the Niger Delta are twice as likely to die in their first month of life if their mothers were living near an oil spill before becoming pregnant. (cbc.ca)
- A study published in Pediatrics challenges the AAP stance: Researchers from Penn State College of Medicine looked at previously collected data from 279 mothers and their babies who reported patterns in questionnaires. (fitpregnancy.com)
- I'm comforted knowing that other pregnant or nursing mothers with retinal diseases will have the information needed to make an educated decision about whether to consider nursing while receiving these medications," said Lisa, one of the three study participants, who didn't want to reveal her surname. (business-standard.com)
- CHAPEL HILL, N.C. - Giving insecticide-treated bed nets to nearly 18,000 mothers at prenatal clinics in the Democratic Republic of Congo prevented an estimated 414 infant deaths from malaria, a study by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill researchers concludes. (scienceblog.com)
- Dr. Jennifer Peterson, currently at the Cleveland Clinic, and colleagues from Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, and the Mary Ann Swetland Center for Environmental Health, studied a group of 216 infants whose mothers drank various amounts of alcohol during pregnancy. (innovations-report.com)
- A team at the University of Birmingham's School of Psychology studied questionnaire data from the Children of the 90s , a UK-based longitudinal study which recruited pregnant mothers of 14,000 babies when it was set up almost three decades ago. (healthcanal.com)
- They looked at sleep duration and overnight behaviors of all mothers, comparing early independent sleepers (an infant in his or her own room by 4 months of age), late independent sleepers (own room by 9 months of age), and room-sharers (sharing still at 9 months of age). (theincidentaleconomist.com)
- Furthermore, the elevated risk of infant mortality among adolescent mothers highlights the importance of enhanced preconception care and age-appropriate pregnancy prevention interventions. (biomedsearch.com)
- Maternal mental illness, most notably depression, has been found to be associated with certain patterns of mother-infant interactions, specifically less sensitivity and responsiveness of some mothers to their infants. (psychiatrist.com)
- We documented infant feeding choices by 811 mothers of infants aged less than 18 months enrolled in the Chilenje Infant Growth, Nutrition and Infection Study of fortified complementary or replacement foods. (wiley.com)
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected mothers in sub-Saharan Africa face challenges at different stages of infant feeding. (wiley.com)
- Mothers may therefore be confused about what feeding mode is best for their infants. (wiley.com)
- What we found instead is that pregnancies that produce SGA infants may trigger long-term cardiovascular changes that increase the mothers' risks for heart disease," said Dr. Radek Bukowski, professor of obstetrics and gynecology in the Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine at UTMB. (chron.com)
- We were especially surprised that when we adjusted for family medical history and known risk factors, such as smoking - which significantly increases the risk of heart disease and low birth weight infants - SGA remained a powerful independent risk factor for heart disease in the mothers," said Bukowski. (chron.com)
- The purpose of this mixed-methods study is to investigate breastfeeding practices, barriers and facilitators among adolescent mothers ages 17 and younger. (rti.org)
- Mothers indicated dates when infants achieved each of six gross motor milestones when infants were 4, 8, 12, 18, and 24 months old. (rti.org)
- The current study showed that mothers who were anxious during pregnancy had an elevated risk of having an infant with non-optimal neuromotor development. (uva.nl)
- Mothers as singing mentors for infants. (utoronto.ca)
- Randomised trial of a parent-mediated intervention for infants at high risk for autism: longitudinal outcomes to age 3 years. (nih.gov)
- In 2007, CDC published the Infant and Environmental Exposures to Thimerosal and Neuropsychological Outcomes at Ages 7 to 10 Years study, which investigated possible associations between prenatal and early childhood exposure to thimerosal-containing vaccines and/or immunoglobulins and deficits in neuropsychological functioning. (cdc.gov)
- Birth weight trends have even been linked to crime rates, Chen said, so looking at the birth weights of infants born in a particular region can help researchers predict the long-term effects of water pollutants on social and financial outcomes for the population of that region. (yaledailynews.com)
- Parental health status and infant outcomes: Upstate KIDS Study. (nih.gov)
- Multivariable linear regression with generalized estimating equations estimated the change (β coefficient and 95% confidence interval [CI]) in infant outcomes (gestation, birthweight, length, head circumference, ponderal index) and relative to each disease, including infertility after adjusting for age, body mass index, and infertility treatment. (nih.gov)
- The social conditions of living in an under-resourced community -- more exposure to carcinogens, less access to healthy food, more stress -- result in poorer infant health outcomes, like issues with cognitive development," Rangel said. (eurekalert.org)
- We had originally predicted that children with highly diverse microbiomes would perform better -- since other studies have shown that low diversity in infancy is associated with negative health outcomes, including type 1 diabetes and asthma. (nutraingredients.com)
- The primary outcomes include prevalence of hypoxemia, feasibility of PO (e.g., time to obtain measurement, number of infants for who repeat measurements are required), and concordance between paired measurements on separate devices. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Breast milk may be no more beneficial than infant formula for 10 of 11 long-term health and wellbeing outcomes traditionally associated with breastfeeding, US researchers have claimed. (nutraingredients.com)
- The Ohio State University (OSU) study, published in the journal Social Science and Medicine, compared the health and wellbeing outcomes of siblings fed differently during infancy. (nutraingredients.com)
- "When comparing results from between- to within-family estimates, coefficients for 10 of the 11 outcomes are substantially attenuated toward zero and none reach statistical significance," said the study. (nutraingredients.com)
- In an earlier study (Environment International, 2018), they found that analysis of records covering more than one million births in England, Scotland and Wales revealed no evidence of a link between small particles emitted by the incinerators and adverse birth outcomes such as effects on birthweight, premature birth, infant death, or stillbirth, for children born within 10 km of MWIs in Great Britain. (news-medical.net)
- But recently published findings concluded that regional anesthesia, an injection that blocks pain from a large area of the body while leaving the patient conscious, yields better outcomes for infants recovering from certain types of surgery. (parents.com)
- This research is also a part of an ongoing study focused on the long-term effects of anesthesia on neurodevelopment outcomes. (parents.com)
- In this case study, Sathyanarayana and co-investigators reported on a specific mother/infant pair from a larger study (Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment - HOME study) that examined BPA exposures in pregnant women and then examined their infants for neurodevelopmental outcomes. (redorbit.com)
- Apnea after awake-regional and general anesthesia in infants: The General Anesthesia compared to Spinal anesthesia (GAS) study: comparing apnea and neurodevelopmental outcomes, a randomized controlled trial. (springer.com)
- At least in infants, an activation of these hematopoietic cells by environmental exposure could contribute to an enhanced risk for the development of respiratory outcomes. (hindawi.com)
- Imaging studies have linked these adverse outcomes with changes in brain structure, connectivity, and function. (genomeweb.com)
- This study is the first, to our knowledge, to have longitudinally assessed associations between media exposure in infancy and subsequent developmental outcomes in children from families with low socioeconomic status in the United States. (ecochildsplay.com)
- 5 For infants, these patterns have been associated with adverse social and academic outcomes, persisting through to adulthood. (psychiatrist.com)
- A new study from the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology describes how existing infrared technology can be adapted to measure recognition memory and other cognitive outcomes in infants. (medicalxpress.com)
- The outcomes were similar to those found in previous studies using nonautomated techniques. (medicalxpress.com)
- The results also support the hypothesis that infants have side and stimulus preferences that affect their performance on specific cognitive outcomes . (medicalxpress.com)
- The researchers call for further studies that focus on both infant and parental outcomes and that assess higher-acuity patient populations. (newswise.com)
- Older infants tended to have better outcomes, but we did not find this tendency convincing enough to be a natural resolution. (chiro.org)
- This study started in 2005 and these are the five year outcomes. (hydroassoc.org)
- Shunt and ETV are the two most common treatments for hydrocephalus, but studies directly comparing the long-term outcomes of shunts to ETVs are rare. (hydroassoc.org)
- The results of this study are positive as they show treatment type did not impact five year outcomes for children with aqueductal stenosis and hydrocephalus. (hydroassoc.org)
- For this study researchers used U.S. data on infant deaths between 2007 and 2013 that were classified by month and state of birth, births through June 2013 were included and followed for 6 months. (cdc.gov)
- Researchers compared the numbers of deaths prior to 6 months of age with congenital heart defects listed as the underlying cause of death among infants born after states had implemented screening policies with those born when no screening policy had been implemented. (cdc.gov)
- According to the British researchers, many infant feeding guidelines worldwide -- including North America, Australasia and Europe -- recommend hydrolyzed cow's milk formula instead of standard infant formula to prevent autoimmune disorders during the first months of life. (medicinenet.com)
- Researchers from the University of Tampere's Center for Child Health Research, Uppsala University and the University of Malawi recently investigated the early development of visual attention in Malawian infants. (uta.fi)
- PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] -- After several decades of improvement, inequality in infant health is once again on the rise in the United States, a pair of Brown University researchers has found. (eurekalert.org)
- Led by researchers and clinicians at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, this is one of the largest prospective clinical studies in premature infants yet. (news-medical.net)
- Since iAP activity precedes the chemical process triggering inflammation, the researchers studied the abundance and enzyme activity of iAP shed in stool to assess the correlation of two iAP biochemical measures with disease severity. (news-medical.net)
- Researchers found the more acetaminophen a child was given as an infant, the more likely they were to develop asthma-like symptoms. (redorbit.com)
- British researchers say they have found strains of germs that appear to play a stealthy role in the rare but mysterious disorder known as sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). (medindia.net)
- Researchers have found no link between exposure to emissions from municipal waste incinerators (MWIs) and infant deaths or reduced fetal growth. (news-medical.net)
- Researchers from the Royal Children's Hospital (RCH) in Australia compared rates of apnea of 722 infants , and found that regional anesthesia decreased the chance of apnea in the first half hour following surgery. (parents.com)
- Photo (c) vgajic - Getty Images While a lot of attention is currently being paid to the COVID-19 vaccine , a new study conducted by researchers from the University of Virginia Health System evaluated infants' overall vaccination records. (consumeraffairs.com)
- The researchers hope that these findings emphasize how important it is for infants to be vaccinated. (consumeraffairs.com)
- A team of Finnish researchers sought to explore the brain structures of newborns in a new study published in Brain Structure & Function . (healthimaging.com)
- Among more than 700 infants in seven countries, the researchers didn't find any measurable neurodevelopmental or behavioral problems up to the age of 5. (upi.com)
- For the latest study, researchers randomly assigned 722 infants having operations to either general anesthesia or local anesthesia. (upi.com)
- Researchers in the United States have compared the brain autopsies of 31 SIDS victims over the past ten years with those of ten infants who have died of other causes and noticed an abnormality in the brain stems of the SIDS babies that might affect breathing. (blogcritics.org)
- April 26, 2011) - A study performed by University of Kentucky researchers shows promise for the use of azithromycin in treating Ureaplasma-colonized or infected premature infants to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). (biospace.com)
- For this most recent study, the researchers selected only singleton children and compared mortality in children conceived through different types of assisted reproductive techniques with children who were conceived naturally. (upi.com)
- U.S. researchers have found evidence of the Zika virus replicating in fetal brains for up to seven months after the mother became infected with the virus, and they showed the virus can persist even after birth, according to a study published on Tuesday. (kff.org)
- Researchers have found that a few drugs used for treating retinal diseases may mix with breast milk, further causing a safety issue for the growing infants. (business-standard.com)
- A team of researchers with NICHD's Neonatal Research Network enrolled 420 infants born at less than 34 weeks' gestation, weighing between 401 to 1500 grams (14 ounces to 3 pounds, 2 ounces). (emaxhealth.com)
- The researchers found that there was no difference between the infants who received the inhaled nitric oxide and those who did not: 60 percent of the infants who received it and 68 percent of those who did not, developed bronchopulmonary dysplasia, a serious lung condition involving lung inflammation and scarring. (emaxhealth.com)
- After the study was completed, the researchers took a closer look at the data. (emaxhealth.com)
- The researchers found that infant weight affected the outcome among infants receiving inhaled nitric oxide. (emaxhealth.com)
- First recognized in 1969, by the early 90s researchers had found that having an infant sleep on its back on a firm crib surface was associated with the lowest risk. (ksbw.com)
- By using a technique known as machine learning to look at brain patterns in infants, researchers say they were able to successfully flag most children on the spectrum well before symptoms appeared. (disabilityscoop.com)
- Finally, the researchers investigated whether the links between infant sleep and mental disorders in teenagers could be mediated by symptoms of depression in children aged 10 years old. (healthcanal.com)
- A recent study conducted by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and the University of Hawaii demonstrates a new approach to measuring early brain development of infants, resulting in more accurate whole brain growth charts and providing the first estimates for growth trajectories of subcortical areas during the first three months after birth. (ucsd.edu)
- The capacity of infants to learn during sleep contrasts with some researchers' stance that learning new material does not take place in sleeping adults, Byrd said. (innovations-report.com)
- In accordance with prior studies, the researchers saw that the infants spent a longer time looking at novel stimuli, indicating that they prefer those images. (medicalxpress.com)
- thus allowing researchers in very different settings to test infants under similar conditions. (medicalxpress.com)
- Researchers at University Hospitals Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine in Cleveland analyzed the correlation between non-accidental head trauma in infants and periods of economic recession. (newswise.com)
- Researchers in the pediatric ICU at Children's Mercy Hospital found that holding infants intubated for acute respiratory failure was well tolerated and safe, with no unplanned extubations and no changes in vital signs. (newswise.com)
- The researchers addressed many of these barriers as part of a study of a holding intervention of infants intubated for acute respiratory failure. (newswise.com)
- Researchers measured fluoride content of 49 infant formulas. (fluoridealert.org)
- Results from a study led by researchers at Nationwide Children's Hospital found more than three-fourths of breast milk samples purchased over the Internet contained bacteria that can cause illness, and frequently exhibited signs of poor collection, storage or shipping practices. (nationwidechildrens.org)
- Researchers responded to ads from sellers who did not ask about the infant receiving milk and who did not require a phone call before a transaction was made. (nationwidechildrens.org)
- Young infants, aged 0-59 days. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- In 2004, fluoride researcher Dr. Teresa A. Marshall told Reuters Health, "Very young infants are unlikely to benefit from the caries-prevention effects of fluoride…They may be at increased risk of dental? (fluoridealert.org)
- For instance, we found that 22 percent of infants in our study received a sepsis work-up because it is often difficult to differentiate between FPIES and sepsis in young infants, especially at initial presentation. (bcm.edu)
- In the new study, scientists found babies who got three doses of the vaccine had about 30% fewer cases of malaria than those who didn't get immunized. (usatoday.com)
- The study of over 300 babies showed that 7-month-old Malawian infants learned to anticipate visual events and focus attention on a face in the same way as Western children of the same age. (uta.fi)
- EDITOR-Minerva's report of the study by Nduati et al into HIV and infant feeding quotes figures for babies alive and free of infection with HIV-1 at two years. (bmj.com)
- The importance of this study is that, for the first time, we provide direct evidence that in utero exposure to nicotine has postnatal effects on the development of the heart and its response to adrenalin and may provide a basis to explain why some babies do not wake up during sleep apnea ," commented Dr. Dumaine. (elsevier.com)
- There is plenty of evidence that parents who do not sleep with their babies, unlike parents who roomshare, do not report all awakenings or sleep disturbances, and this completely invalidates questionnaires as an acceptable methodology for the studies whose objective is to make official recommendations on infant sleep location. (aappublications.org)
- In this study, the research team measured and analyzed the activity of the protein, intestinal alkaline phosphatase (iAP) obtained from stool samples from the babies enrolled in the study at Children's Hospital of New Orleans, Touro Infirmary, and St. Louis Children's Hospital. (news-medical.net)
- THURSDAY, April 25 (HealthDay News) -- Babies born with serious congenital heart defects are more likely to survive now than they were in the late 1970s, a new study finds. (medicinenet.com)
- During the period studied, more than 1 million babies were born, including 7,000 with a congenital heart defect. (medicinenet.com)
- Such deaths were more likely in the late winter months and amongst boys, and there were more infant deaths among black babies. (medindia.net)
- The study monitored 42 infants where 20 received massage and 22 babies did not. (massagemag.com)
- Infants and toddlers exposed to baby lotions, shampoos and powders carry high concentrations of hormone-altering chemicals in their bodies that might have reproductive effects, according to a new scientific study of babies born in Los Angeles and two other U.S. cities. (commondreams.org)
- The three phthalate compounds found in the highest concentrations in babies in the study were linked to reduced testosterone in a 2006 study of newborns in Denmark. (commondreams.org)
- In the study, babies exposed to baby lotion, shampoo and powder had more than four times the level of phthalates in their urine than babies whose parents had not used the products. (commondreams.org)
- The study is the first to report that skin transfer may be a main route of exposure for babies. (commondreams.org)
- Our research provides the strongest evidence to date on how babies should have anesthesia for hernia repair-the most common procedure among infants ,' said Andrew Davidson, M.D., study author and associate professor, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. (parents.com)
- The study also found that women who used marijuana during pregnancy were more likely to have babies born below typical birth weight, which can lead to breathing problems and other health concerns. (mapinc.org)
- In that study, about as many babies were infected after 18 months as were saved from infection in the first weeks of life. (nytimes.com)
- Leaders of the study said that finding was a blow to the effort to protect babies in Africa. (nytimes.com)
- You mention that this infant mortality rate with babies who are born to women who were at some earlier point exposed to these oils spills - but not women exposed to them while they are pregnant. (cbc.ca)
- Even in this recent study, it was shown 65% of the deaths were babies that had not been put to sleep on their backs. (blogcritics.org)
- The rate of birth defects, disability, and brain irregularities in babies exposed to the Zika virus is considerably higher than was previously believed - regardless of the mother's symptoms or the trimester she had the infection - found a new study …" (Haelle, 12/14). (kff.org)
- SIDS numbers aren't decliningDespite decades of public health messages designed to prevent sudden unexpected infant death, or SUID, some 3,500 babies die from it every year in the U.S., according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.That makes SUID the leading cause of death for infants between 1 month and 1 year of age.SIDS is a subset of SUID. (ksbw.com)
- For the study , 59 sleeping babies spent 15 minutes each in an MRI machine so brain activity in 230 neural regions could be observed. (disabilityscoop.com)
- The goal of this study," Becker-Dreps said, "was to find out the costs and impact of giving bed nets to pregnant women in prenatal clinics, before their babies were born. (scienceblog.com)
- For the study, Pierce and colleagues put together a network of 137 pediatricians in the San Diego area, who systematically started screening all babies at their one-year check up. (lifescript.com)
- Gilotty said the screening test still needs to be confirmed through other studies, but it proves that it is possible to systematically screen babies for autism in a way that does not put too much of a burden on pediatricians. (lifescript.com)
- Specific sleep problems among babies and very young children can be linked to mental disorders in adolescents, a new study has found. (healthcanal.com)
- Toward that end, the study tested separate groups of 3-month-olds, 6-month-olds, 9-month-olds, and babies that were a year old. (medicalxpress.com)
- Until this study, we didn't know how often babies sit, crawl, and stand in everyday life, outside the lab. (medicalxpress.com)
- It is important to study infant body position, he said, because changes in how babies interact with the world change their opportunities for learning. (medicalxpress.com)
- The study followed the brain growth of full term and premature babies with no neurological or major health issues. (ucsd.edu)
- Susan Schantz is interested in using the infrared eye scanning technique to study the impact of prenatal exposures on cognitive development in babies. (medicalxpress.com)
- Typically, behavior studies on infants are carried out in the presence of trained examiners who need to decide where the babies are looking. (medicalxpress.com)
- probiotic bacteria could be a life saver for premature babies," proclaimed the Australian newspaper Herald Sun, when a newly published study in the acknowledged scientific journal Pediatrics showed that daily intake of Chr. (mynewsdesk.com)
- The study demonstrates that the three probiotic strains can greatly benefit the lives of families with premature babies. (mynewsdesk.com)
- EWG's study found that, on any given day, up to 60% of formula-fed babies in US cities were exceeding the Institute of Medicine's "upper tolerable" limit for fluoride. (fluoridealert.org)
- A watchdog group has revealed that the Department of Health and Human Services is marginalizing its own ethics body for pointing out that its controversial study of premature babies failed to disclose foreseeable risks of blindness, neurological damage and death to babies. (christianpost.com)
- According to the study results published in the New England Journal of Medicine in May 2010, babies were more likely to have serious vision disorders or die depending on the random study group to which they were assigned. (christianpost.com)
Less likely to be fully vaccinated1
- Similarly, those from low-socioeconomic backgrounds were nearly 40% less likely to complete the full panel of vaccines, and Black infants were less likely to be fully vaccinated than white or Hispanic infants. (consumeraffairs.com)
- In Malawi, infants are more often exposed to many risk factors - such as premature birth, malnutrition, infections and psychosocial stress - than in Finland. (uta.fi)
- However, this study found no associations between measures of attention regulation and premature birth, nutritional status, or psychosocial risk factors among the Malawian infants. (uta.fi)
- A diagnostic study of 136 premature infants found that a protein involved in managing harmful bacteria in the human intestine is a reliable biomarker for the noninvasive detection of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). (news-medical.net)
- The gut disease is one of concern in Louisiana, as it has one of the highest rates of premature birth in the country, and it disproportionately affects African American infants. (news-medical.net)
- Not all probiotic strains prevent necrotising enterocolitis in premature infants. (nature.com)
- Neu J. Routine probiotics for premature infants: let's be careful! (nature.com)
- Prior studies have shown that IVF-induced pregnancies come with an increased risk of low birth weight, premature birth and birth defects. (upi.com)
- The leading causes of infant mortality among children conceived with assisted reproductive techniques included respiratory distress, incomplete lung development, infections and neonatal hemorrhage, which are conditions often linked to premature birth. (upi.com)
- Contrary to an earlier finding, inhaled nitric oxide therapy (a treatment for lung problems in premature infants) does not reduce the infant's chances for death or further lung problems, according to a study by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development of the National Institutes of Health. (emaxhealth.com)
- Premature infants weighing less than 1500 grams should not receive inhaled nitric oxide therapy unless they are part of a research study," said NICHD Director Duane Alexander, M.D. (emaxhealth.com)
- While earlier research on the use of inhaled nitric oxide on premature infants with breathing problems showed potential benefits of the therapy, the infants in that research study were larger and less critically ill than those in the current study. (emaxhealth.com)
- One of the main concerns in the past of using inhaled nitric oxide to treat premature infants who have lung problems is that this treatment may trigger intracranial bleeding, bleeding inside the brain. (emaxhealth.com)
- Data analysis after the study showed that the smaller premature infants in the treatment group, a subset of those weighing less than 1000 grams, had a higher rate of intracranial bleeding than infants in the placebo group. (emaxhealth.com)
- We have more work to do to better understand how to best help premature infants with severe lung problems," Dr. Higgins said. (emaxhealth.com)
- It mainly affects premature infants and may cause severe and even fatal complications. (mynewsdesk.com)
- Including 1,100 premature infants, the international study coordinated by Associate Professor Sue Jacobs and Professor Suzanne Garland at the Royal Women's Hospital in Melbourne, Australia is the largest within this indication to date. (mynewsdesk.com)
- The Daily Signal reported in June about the government-backed study called "SUPPORT," which was conducted from 2006 to 2009 on 1,316 extremely premature infants at 23 academic institutions under the NIH, which is part of the HHS. (christianpost.com)
- The investigators found that infants who received hydrolyzed cow's milk formula did not have a lower risk of asthma , allergies (such as eczema , hay fever , food allergies) or type 1 diabetes compared to those who received human breast milk or a standard cow's milk formula. (medicinenet.com)
- The next phases of the study will investigate whether the individual differences found in early development predict the future cognitive and social development of children in Malawi. (uta.fi)
- Parental reduced antigen diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccination is difficult to implement, and empirical data on its impact is limited to a single hospital-based study in Texas, which found no reduction in infant pertussis hospitalization. (aappublications.org)
- In New South Wales, Australia, a case-control study found both parents receiving Tdap ≥4 weeks before disease onset was associated with a significant reduction in risk of early infant pertussis and suggestive of persistent protection in subsequent pregnancies. (aappublications.org)
- The study, published in Biological Psychiatry , found that infants with high levels of the bacteria type Bacteroides at age one, subsequently performed better in cognitive tests a year later. (nutraingredients.com)
- This study, published in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives, found that some cereal bars made with brown rice syrup 'have concentrations of arsenic that are 12 times the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's safe drinking water limit of 10 parts per billion,' MyHealthNewsDaily reports. (parents.com)
- If guidelines are set for acceptable levels of arsenic in food, they may be higher than most of the levels found in this study, around 200 ppb, Jackson said. (parents.com)
- I found wards with very high infant death rates. (medindia.net)
- Black's Medical Dictionary for 1944 reveals that infant death rates are lowest in agricultural districts which suggests that those districts will have less exposure to the products of combustion which will be found in large towns and around power stations, steelworks, etc. (medindia.net)
- Professor Mireille Toledano, Chair in Perinatal and Paediatric Environmental Epidemiology at Imperial, said: 'In these studies we found a small increase in risk for children living within 10 km of an MWI being born with a heart defect, or a genital anomaly affecting boys, but did not find an association with the very low levels of particulates emitted. (news-medical.net)
- The study appears to be in conflict with a report of last week that questioned the usefulness of another drug regimen, because it found that the rates of infection from breast-feeding offset the benefits of the treatment. (nytimes.com)
- That study found that after 18 months, the rate at which infants acquired H.I.V. through breast-feeding completely offset the benefits of treating the mother and newborn. (nytimes.com)
- The study highlighted the health role of Human Milk Oligosaccharides (HMOs), which are not found in infant formula, suggesting a potential for therapeutic interventions. (sunnewsonline.com)
- The team found that 59 of 421 infants (14 per cent) displayed sensitisation to one or more food allergens at age one. (sunnewsonline.com)
- However, one study found an association between BPA exposure in pregnancy and abnormal acting out behaviors in female children. (redorbit.com)
- Linear regression analysis of unweighted mean IMRs showed a high statistically significant correlation between increasing number of vaccine doses and increasing infant mortality rates," the study found, adding that the results demand an "essential" inquiry into the correlation between vaccine doses, biochemical or synergistic toxicity, and infant mortality rates. (prisonplanet.com)
- But that also leads me to wonder about something: has this study found a cause, or have they merely found another effect? (blogcritics.org)
- They also found that the amount of medication detected in the patient who continued to breastfeed was significantly lower than the other two patients, suggesting that the medication was constantly excreted and ingested by the infant. (business-standard.com)
- Additionally, 11 infants who had previously passed the first screening stage were also found to have PCEHL, resulting in a yield of 28 per 1000 (56/2003). (who.int)
- Infants with higher levels of FAEE in their first bowel movement were found to be at risk for developmental disorders. (innovations-report.com)
- The study also found that many asymmetries in the brain are already established in the early postnatal period, including the right hippocampus being larger than the left, which historically, has been suggested to occur in the early adolescent years. (ucsd.edu)
- The brain waves of the 24 infants were found to change, providing a neural measurement of memory updating. (innovations-report.com)
- We found no evidence of an effect of tempo on infant wheezing. (bmj.com)
- The study found that even one dose of antibiotics can raise a child's risk of asthma by as much as 40 percent, and those who received multiple rounds had a 70 percent risk. (greatdad.com)
- In the absence of breastfeeding, female sex and pet exposure elevated fecal IgA to levels found in breastfed infants. (cambridge.org)
- A review of programmatic experience by the World Health Organization (WHO)/United Nations Children's Fund found a number of shortcomings in the coverage and quality of infant feeding counselling and support in most prevention of mother-to-child transmission programmes ( World Health Organization 2007a ). (wiley.com)
- No statistical differences in gender, age, or race/ethnicity were found between the 50 infants evaluated for NAHT during the non-recession period and the 43 infants evaluated for NAHT during the recession period. (newswise.com)
- We found an increase in the number of infants who were evaluated for abusive head trauma at our institution during the recent recession, compared to the prior non-recession period. (newswise.com)
- They found that holding intubated infants was well tolerated and safe, with no unplanned extubations and no changes in vital signs in 158 holding episodes. (newswise.com)
- Slightly older age was found to be linked to excessively crying infants who experienced clinical improvement. (chiro.org)
- However, no apparent link between the clinical effect of chiropractic treatment and a natural decline in crying was found for this group of infants. (chiro.org)
- As part of the on-going Iowa Fluoride Study, Levy and his team measured the fluoride content of infant formula and found from 0.15 to 0.30 ppm in ready-to-feed infant formula. (fluoridealert.org)
- Several studies found that maternal symptoms of anxiety or depression are related to functioning and development of the offspring. (uva.nl)
- Additionally, flu vaccines have been found to elicit inflammatory reactions that may harm the human heart, the developing fetus, and the fragile immune systems of our infants. (greenmedinfo.com)
- In breastfed infants, the DHA and ARA levels did not differ between carriers of the FADS major and minor alleles, possibly due to the higher concentrations found in breast milk. (dsm.com)
- The study found that FADS minor allele carriers (with reduced desaturase activity) in the experimental infant formula group had an ARA level significantly lower than the breastfed group. (dsm.com)
- To begin with, it is unscientific and perilously misleading for anyone to assert that vaccines and autism have been studied and that no link has been found. (whale.to)
- The author s new study used a different database than their earlier study (NHIS vs. NHANES) and they found same thing, suggesting a validation of their findings. (whale.to)
- And that would be in direct contradiction to all those MMR and thimerosal studies that purportedly found no such link. (whale.to)
- Our findings conflict with current international guidelines, in which hydrolyzed formula is widely recommended for young formula-fed infants with a family history of allergic disease," the study authors added. (medicinenet.com)
- To confirm that their preliminary findings were correct, the authors analyzed three decades of data from the National Vitality Statistics System, a birth registry that records key infant health statistics and maternal race, marital status and education level. (eurekalert.org)
- Our findings reveal that dogs are receptive to human communication in a manner that was previously attributed only to human infants," co-author Jozsef Topal of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences said in a journal press release. (go.com)
- The findings on birth defects are inconclusive, but our study design means we cannot rule out that living closer to an incinerator in itself may slightly increase the risk of some specific defects - although the reasons for this are unclear. (news-medical.net)
- The lead scientist in the study, Dr. Sheela Sathyanarayana of the University of Washington's Department of Pediatrics, said the findings suggested that many baby care products contain a variety of phthalates that enter children's bodies through their skin. (commondreams.org)
- According to their findings, nearly 30% of infants aren't vaccinated for common childhood illnesses like measles, chickenpox, or polio. (consumeraffairs.com)
- These findings highlight that significant disparities still exist in protecting infants from preventable diseases in the United States," said researcher Rajesh Balkrishnan, Ph.D. (consumeraffairs.com)
- After that paper was delivered at the AIDS conference, the session moderator, Dr. Lynne Mofenson, of the National Institutes of Health, called the findings of the study "bad news. (nytimes.com)
- The study authors noted that most of the infants in the study group were male and more research is needed to confirm the findings in girls. (upi.com)
- The findings confirm earlier observations from case studies suggesting that the mosquito-borne Zika virus can grow in fetal brains and women's placentas…" (Steenhuysen, 12/13). (kff.org)
- Those behind the research say they are looking to replicate the findings in a larger study group. (disabilityscoop.com)
- Although the findings are early-stage, the study suggests that in the future, neuroimaging may be a useful tool to diagnose autism or help health care providers evaluate a child's risk of developing the disorder," said Joshua Gordon, director of the National Institute of Mental Health, which helped fund the work. (disabilityscoop.com)
- 3-11 However, other studies did not replicate these findings, 12-14 and the association between rapid weight gain and lung function was inconsistent. (bmj.com)
- While this is not the first study that has shown a link between antibiotics and asthma, many critics have questioned the findings on the grounds that the medications were administered to treat respiratory ailments that might have lead to asthma. (greatdad.com)
- However, as a result of their findings, the authors suggest avoiding antibiotic use in infants unless absolutely necessary. (greatdad.com)
- The study findings were significant and truly encouraging. (mynewsdesk.com)
- The study findings are remarkable. (mynewsdesk.com)
- The findings of this study do not support the assumption that effect of chiropractic treatment of infantile colic is a reflection of the normal cessation of this disorder. (chiro.org)
- The findings of the study determine the responsible foods triggers, as well as the characteristics and management of FPIES. (bcm.edu)
- In 2017, the Journal of the American Medical Association published a study reporting a more than 33% decline in infant deaths from critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) in eight states that mandated screening for CCHD using pulse oximetry (a non-invasive way to measure the level of oxygen in an infant's blood) compared to states without screening policies. (cdc.gov)
- Studies have shown that the mother's immune response to dengue can play a role in the infant's immune response and affect whether or not the infant becomes sick. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- 2. The Responsive Parenting rules that authors give to the parents concerning infant sleep are not responsive at all, because they are not in accordance with infant's needs, at least not for infants. (aappublications.org)
- When grey matter was broken down into lobar volumes, full-term infants did not display "statistically significant" lobar volumes, partially due to the fact that infant's ages were only a few weeks apart. (healthimaging.com)
- A new case study examining an infant's neurobehavioral abnormalities and extremely high bisphenol A (BPA) concentration of the baby's mother suggests a link between the two. (redorbit.com)
- The question the study needs to answer is whether the lack of serotonin control was a pre-existing condition or simply an ancillary result of the cause of death - gradual asphyxiation caused by the collapse of the infant's windpipe due to its inability to support the weight of its own head. (blogcritics.org)
- Most HIV-negative women and women of unknown HIV status continued breastfeeding into the infant's second year, indicating limited 'spillover' of infant feeding messages designed for HIV-infected women into the uninfected population. (wiley.com)
Sudden infant d7
- Fetal exposure to tobacco smoke in utero is associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and cardiac arrhythmias in newborns. (elsevier.com)
- The infant deaths caused in the 19th century, which had been attributed to smothering and overlaying by either a co-sleeper or bedding, were actually crib deaths or Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), according to an expert. (medindia.net)
- Sudden Infant Death Syndrome is death of a baby, under one year of age that occurs in sleep and cannot be explained. (medindia.net)
- Too many U.S. infants sleep with blankets, pillows or other unsafe bedding that may lead to suffocation or sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), despite guidelines recommending against the practice. (nbcwashington.com)
- Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is a horror that first started rearing its ugly head about twenty years ago. (blogcritics.org)
- And if the AAP's recommendation is the one that can reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome. (fitpregnancy.com)
- Saucedo had successfully co-slept with Ben's older brother, 3-year-old Trae, and thought she was even more cautious with Ben.But on the morning Ben turned 30 days old, Saucedo woke to find him dead - a victim of sudden infant death syndrome, or SIDS. (ksbw.com)
- We propose a randomized controlled longitudinal (birth to 24 months) trial of 128 infants to measure the effect of placental transfusion on the structure and function of the developing brain. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The results of this pilot study may serve to further our understanding of the longitudinal changes in the neural dynamics of the developing infant brain. (frontiersin.org)
- Objectives: This study reports on the participation rate and the concentration level of DNA extracted from the saliva of infants and their caregivers participating in an ongoing longitudinal study. (umich.edu)
- The aim of the parent longitudinal study is to investigate the relationship between birth weight and early childhood caries (ECC) among pre-term very low birth weight (VLBW) and full-term normal birth weight (NBW) infants. (umich.edu)
- Conclusions: The overall 94% participation rate indicates that subjects enrolled in a longitudinal study are very willing to participate in additional genetic specimen collection. (umich.edu)
- This study reports associations between infant fecal IgA concentrations 4 months after birth, breastfeeding status and other pre/postnatal exposures in 47 infants in the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development cohort. (cambridge.org)
- Participants consisted of 4,901 mother-infant pairs from the Upstate KIDS study, a longitudinal cohort in New York. (rti.org)
- This is a longitudinal observational study with an intervention. (bioportfolio.com)
- The study used a retrospective cohort design. (cdc.gov)
- Parents (n = 4,886) and infants (n = 5,845) participating in the Upstate KIDS birth cohort. (nih.gov)
- Approximately 10,000 mother-infant pairs will be enrolled to achieve a continuous study cohort of approximately 4,000 children less than 16 months of age. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- We observed that in both sexes, the lobes were asymmetric in the same way: the right temporal lobe, left parietal, and left occipital lobes were larger than their counter side," said Satu Lehtola, from the FinnBrain Birth Cohort Study at the University of Turku in Finland, in a news release . (healthimaging.com)
- However, the results of a retrospective cohort study in the September issue of Pediatrics indicate that this often is not the case. (aafp.org)
- To investigate the association between maternal self-harm (lifetime history of self-harm and self-harm ideation during pregnancy) and mother-infant interactions in a representative cohort from southeast London. (psychiatrist.com)
- The observational part of the study will use a prospective cohort design. (bioportfolio.com)
- Critics will point out that this sample was limited to boys born before 1999, so the results are only applicable to that U.S. male birth cohort, and that the study s cross-sectional design limits inferences on causality. (whale.to)
- The Prospective Infant Behavioral Study (PIBS) study is currently enrolling pregnant women to learn more about behaviors in newborns that may be related to developmental delays. (brown.edu)
- In our study, we monitor attention skills, communication, social interest, motor activity, play behaviors, and academic achievement using a variety of methods including eye tracking, interactive tasks between the child and an examiner, standardized testing and parent interviews. (ucdavis.edu)
- The study is the first to use this method, called ecological momentary assessment, to measure infants' behaviors. (medicalxpress.com)
- Self-harm ideation, but not history of self-harm, was associated with maternal controlling behaviors (adjusted regression coefficient = 2.34 [95% CI, 0.40-4.48], P = .019) and infant compulsive behaviors (adjusted regression coefficient = 2.37 [95% CI, 0.36-4.38], P = .021). (psychiatrist.com)
- The study demonstrated that the eye tracking technology and computer-controlled stimulus presentation can be successfully used to automate assessments of infant looking behaviors to measure specific cognitive functions. (medicalxpress.com)
- Parents reported on their infants' vaccination records when they were between 19 and 35 months old. (consumeraffairs.com)
- The study clearly illustrates the fact that developed countries which administer less vaccines have lower infant mortality rates, suggesting a direct statistical link between vaccination side-effects and infant deaths. (prisonplanet.com)
- The correlation between higher numbers of vaccines and infant mortality figures takes on an altogether more sinister context when we consider the fact that during the February 2010 TED conference, Bill Gates, an enthusiastic proponent of vaccination programs, openly stated that vaccines should be used to lower global population in the pursuit of reducing CO2 emissions. (prisonplanet.com)
- Assessing vaccination coverage in infants, survey studies versus the Flemish immunisation register: achieving the best of both worlds," Vaccine , vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 345-349, 2014. (hindawi.com)
- Infant vaccination coverage in 2005 and predictive factors for complete or valid vaccination in Flanders, Belgium: an EPI-survey," Vaccine , vol. 25, no. 26, pp. 4940-4948, 2007. (hindawi.com)
- Conventional wisdom holds that the autism-vaccine question has been asked and answered, and that least 16 large, well-constructed epidemiological studies have thoroughly addressed and debunked any hypothesis that childhood vaccination is in any way associated with an increased risk for autism spectrum disorders. (whale.to)
- SIDS is the third most prominent cause of death among infants under a year old, accounting for 30-55 percent of infant deaths during their first year. (medindia.net)
- Kemkes investigated if 19th century infant deaths attributed to smothering or overlaying shared the same characteristics as known SIDS cases. (medindia.net)
- The study strongly supports the hypothesis that these infant deaths represent empirical evidence of 19th century SIDS mortality," concluded Kemkes. (medindia.net)
- Dr. Ernest Cutz, who has studied the disease, believes the discovery is one step toward removing the mystery surrounding SIDS, and hopes it will help improve prevention and perhaps even lead to its eradication. (blogcritics.org)
- These deaths are still happening - and they happen to well-meaning parents," said Dr. Rachel Moon, who chairs the American Academy of Pediatrics task force on SIDS and authored the AAP policy statement on safe infant sleep. (ksbw.com)
- We noted that the incidence of SIDS has been greatly reduced from when those studies were conducted, so there may be diminishing returns to interventions. (theincidentaleconomist.com)
- RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study prospectively follows 8,676 children with increased genetic risk of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in the U.S., Finland, Germany, and Sweden. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Methods: A total of 282 (137 VLBW and 145 NBW) infant-caregivers were approached during the time of their scheduled follow-up visit (8, 18, or 36 months corrected/chronological age) for genetic specimen collection. (umich.edu)
- Methods: This population-based retrospective study analyzed all singleton live births in the state of Missouri during the period 1989 to 1997. (biomedsearch.com)
- In many reg ions experiencing clean water shortages, psychosocial interventions may also be necessary to reduce maternal stress during pregnancy, which is known to have adverse consequences for infants. (yaledailynews.com)
- The coauthors said they were motivated to investigate the trend in infant health inequality after the possibility of a shift came to their attention in conducting research on how maternal education affects infant health. (eurekalert.org)
- As they combined data from Rauscher's previous research on the effects of parent education levels on infant health with existing data on the effects of maternal race and ethnicity on infant health, they noticed that the data suggested a recent increase in inequality -- a worrisome departure from the decades-long decline in inequality identified by Brown economist Anna Aizer in an influential 2014 paper. (eurekalert.org)
- The study is one of the first to be published by physicians at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center on the long-term effects of maternal opioid exposure. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
- This discovery, published in the March 14 issue of PLoS One, confirms and sheds light on the suspected association between SGA infants, who account for approximately 10 percent of births, and increased maternal risk for IHD. (chron.com)
- Thus, maternal prepregnancy weight status and infants' gross motor development were examined. (rti.org)
- Maternal prepregnancy obesity was associated with a slightly longer time for infant to sit and crawl, potentially due to a compromised intrauterine environment or reduced physically active play. (rti.org)
- Within a population-based study of 2,724 children, we investigated the effect of maternal anxiety or depression on infant neuromotor development. (uva.nl)
- Maternal vocal interactions with infants: Reciprocal visual influences. (utoronto.ca)
- The best type of anesthesia for infants has been disputed in the past, with some experts believing that general anesthesia, if given to a baby during the first year of life, could increase the risk for development and learning issues. (parents.com)
- One study even linked general anesthesia in infancy to the development of ADHD . (parents.com)
- bc-US-anestheisa-infants Infants who are given general anesthesia for an hour are unlikely to suffer harm, but the safety of longer and repeated exposure remains unknown, a new study says. (upi.com)
- Perhaps most importantly, the study results cannot be extrapolated to children who undergo prolonged or repeated exposures to general anesthesia or receive multiple anesthetic drugs for the same surgical procedure," O'Leary said in a journal news release. (upi.com)
- Differences in blood pressure in infants after general anesthesia compared to awake regional anesthesia (GAS study−a prospective randomized trial). (springer.com)
- The study was published online April 22 and in the May print issue of the journal Pediatrics . (medicinenet.com)
- Our research has identified a 'beneficial' HMO profile that was associated with a lower rate of food sensitisation in children at one year," said Lars Bode, associate professor of pediatrics at UC San Diego School of Medicine, who led the study. (sunnewsonline.com)
- Inadequate infant sleep can lead to obesity, poor sleep later in life and can negatively affect parents," Penn State pediatrics professor Ian Paul, MD, who was involved in the study, said in the study's release . (fitpregnancy.com)
- We typically consider obesity an epidemic grounded in unhealthy diet and exercise, yet increasingly studies suggest it's more complicated," study co-leader Dr. Leonardo Trasande, an associate professor of pediatrics and environmental medicine, said in an NYU news release. (drugs.com)
- If preventive measures are performed, such as occupational and physical therapy, torticollis and plagiocephaly may be avoided and potentially prevent developmental delays," says Dr. McAllister, lead author of the study, published online in The Journal of Pediatrics . (cincinnatichildrens.org)
- However, a study scheduled for publication in The Journal of Pediatrics suggests a new way to diagnose infants affected by FAS. (innovations-report.com)
- The benefit of this study is children get into treatment much earlier than they would otherwise," Karen Pierce of the University of California, San Diego, whose study will appear in the Journal of Pediatrics, said in a telephone interview. (lifescript.com)
- A new study was just published in Pediatrics. (theincidentaleconomist.com)
- The study, published online today and in the November issue of Pediatrics, is the first to examine the safety of selling breast milk to others over the Internet, a trend that has become more frequent in the past several years. (nationwidechildrens.org)
- A study led by the section of immunology, allergy and rheumatology in the Department of Pediatrics at Baylor College of Medicine researches an uncommon food allergy known as 'food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome' (FPIES) that occurs mostly in infants. (bcm.edu)
- A two-site, two-arm assessor-blinded randomised controlled trial (RCT) of a 12-session parent-mediated social communication intervention delivered between 9 and 14 months of age (Intervention in the British Autism Study of Infant Siblings-Video Interaction for Promoting Positive Parenting), against no intervention. (nih.gov)
- Follow-up to 3 years of the first RCT of a very early social communication intervention for infants at familial risk of developing autism has shown a treatment effect, extending 24 months after intervention end, to reduce the overall severity of autism prodromal symptoms and enhance parent-child dyadic social communication over this period. (nih.gov)
- He noted the study showed the Glaxo vaccine lost its potency after several months. (usatoday.com)
- A second visit at 8 months of age will involve showing the infant videos on a screen that will help study personnel understand how he or she learns. (brown.edu)
- The infants will be followed until the age of 16 months. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Children leave the study when they reach 16 months of age and are replaced by new participants at 6-14 weeks of age. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The purpose of this study is to determine if delaying cord clamping at the birth of term infants effects the early brain development (myelin deposition)as determined by quantitative MRI at 4 and 10 months and developmental testing at 4, 10 and 24 months. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- This study included 7,563 children with at least 9 months of follow-up. (diabetesjournals.org)
- In the study, doctors tested the urine of 163 children between the ages of 2 months and 28 months born in Los Angeles, Minneapolis and Columbia, Mo. (commondreams.org)
- Crossroads Nursery School and Infant Center operates a program for children from approximately three months to five years of age. (ias.edu)
- Very few infants show signs of autism before their first birthday, and symptoms usually develop between 12 and 18 months of age. (ucdavis.edu)
- The new data on the same infants showed that after 12 months, the reduction was 39 percent, and preliminary results showed after 18 months the reduction was 42 percent. (nytimes.com)
- March 8, 2006, Antiretroviral therapy (ART) for infants born with HIV infection may be most effective when given in their first five months of life, according to a study published in the April 1 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online. (webwire.com)
- Still, because initiating effective antiretroviral therapy before 5 months of age was strongly associated with more rapid improvement in CD4 cell count, the authors conclude it should be strongly considered in the management of infants infected with HIV. (webwire.com)
- TUESDAY, Aug. 21 -- Infants who receive antibiotics before they're 6 months old may have a higher risk of being overweight later in childhood, a new study finds. (drugs.com)
- This study was conducted to ascertain the trajectory of magnetoencephalography (MEG) signal complexity from 2 months to 3 years of age in five infants using multiscale entropy (MSE), which captures signal complexity at multiple temporal scales. (frontiersin.org)
- Specifically, signal complexity predominantly increased from 5 to 15 months of age at higher temporal scales, whereas the complexity at lower temporal scales was constant across age, except in one infant who showed decreased complexity. (frontiersin.org)
- They developed autism but the computer program did not predict it correctly, according to the data we obtained at 6 months of age," said Robert Emerson, who led the study as a postdoctoral fellow at the University of North Carolina. (disabilityscoop.com)
- This is a cross-sectional study in which all infants aged 3 months or under attending four bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunization clinics accounting for over 75% of the BCG coverage in the study location were screened by community health workers between July 2005 and April 2006. (who.int)
- Awareness of these potential issues in this population is essential as torticollis may not develop for several months after the infant has been discharged from the hospital," says Jenny McAllister, MD , a physician at Cincinnati Children's and co-director of the Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Long-term Follow-up Clinic. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
- The mean age of the infants at discharge was 3.7 months (range 1.7-8.6) and mean weight 2830 g (range 2150-3780 g). (nih.gov)
- The cardiological follow up was benign: the ECG signs of RVH disappeared by 12 months of age in six out of eight infants and the right ventricular pulmonary pressure, as measured by the Doppler method, normalised in the four patients in whom it was detected. (nih.gov)
- at 12 months retinopathy was resolved in 14 infants. (nih.gov)
- The results, published in JAMA Psychiatry, show particular associations between infants at 18 months old who tended to wake more frequently at night and who had less regular sleep routines from 6 months old, with psychotic experiences in adolescence. (healthcanal.com)
- Further, infants who can sit independently at 6 months spend more time sitting in daily life. (medicalxpress.com)
- This project aims to study infants' postural control development in prone position over a period of 5 months through technology. (nyu.edu)
- Follow-up data on depressive symptoms using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) were collected at 28 weeks' gestation and 3 months postpartum, and data on mother-infant relationship using the CARE-Index and Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire were collected at 3 months postpartum. (psychiatrist.com)
- The proportion of months in which at least one infant was admitted for NAHT was greater during the recession period than during the non-recession period (p=0.03), 68 percent versus 44 percent, respectively. (newswise.com)
- All of the infants were healthy, thriving infants born to term within the age of 0 to 3 months who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for excessively crying infants (infantile colic), whose parents sought chiropractic treatment. (chiro.org)
- This study appears to be the first attempt to clarify whether improvement from excessively crying infants behavior is caused by a natural crying pattern within the first 3 months of life. (chiro.org)
- infant neuromotor development was assessed by trained research nurses during a home visit at the age of 3 months. (uva.nl)
- For the observational part of the study, assessments will be performed at five time points: The first assessment is at week 16 - 22 of gestation, the second at week 24 - 30 of gestation, the third at about week 31 of gestation, the fourth 6 weeks post-delivery and the fifth 4 months post-delivery. (bioportfolio.com)
- For the intervention study pre-intervention measures will take place at about week 31 of gestation, post-intervention measures at 6 weeks post-delivery and follow-up measures at 4 months and 6 months post-delivery. (bioportfolio.com)
- To determine the effect of an infant formula supplemented with DHA and ARA on fatty acid levels of infants with different FADS genotypes as part of the COGNIS study, 176 infants under six months of age were randomly allocated to the standard formula or the experimental formula which was supplemented with DHA and ARA. (dsm.com)
- They are not actually digestible by infants, but could help guide development of the infant gut microbiota, which previous research suggests is a key influencer of allergic disease. (sunnewsonline.com)
- Initially provided by breastmilk, IgA production by the infant gut is gradually stimulated by developing gut microbiota. (cambridge.org)
- Other clinical studies have shown that these probiotics effectively alleviate diarrhea and infections as well as support a healthy development of the infant microbiota. (mynewsdesk.com)
- But a new review of the data on these "hydrolyzed" infant formulas finds no good evidence that they actually protect children from the autoimmune disorders. (medicinenet.com)
- It is interesting that this [review] also finds conflict-of-interest and bias in many of the published studies" that supported the effectiveness of hydrolyzed formulas, Marino said. (medicinenet.com)
- Foods made with organic brown rice syrup, including infant formulas and cereal bars, may contain particularly high levels of inorganic arsenic, a new study finds. (parents.com)
- Lead researcher Brian Jackson of Dartmouth College in New Hampshire says his team analyzed the arsenic in 17 infant formulas, 29 cereal bars and three energy 'shot' products, all of which contain organic brown rice syrup, rice flour, rice flakes, or grains of rice. (parents.com)
- For parents, Jackson said to avoid infant formulas that contain rice syrup. (parents.com)
- New York - October 21, 2009 - All infant formulas, whether ready-to-feed, concentrated or organic, contain fluoride at levels which can discolor developing teeth, reports the October 2009 Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA) (1). (fluoridealert.org)
- DSM works with its customers to support the optimal development of formulas intended for infants. (dsm.com)
- Both formulas followed the guidelines of the Committee on Nutrition of the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN), and the international and national recommendations for the composition of infant formulas. (dsm.com)
- This case study confirms previous studies documenting multiple sources of BPA exposure in humans. (redorbit.com)
- This caution, however, was based on animal studies, and research in humans has been limited. (upi.com)
- Malaria, which is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes, is common among pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa and is a major contributing factor to low birth weights and infant deaths in that region. (scienceblog.com)
- Anesthetic-related neurotoxicity in the developing infant: of mice, rats, monkeys and possibly, humans. (springer.com)
- The study took place over a three-year period from 2015 to 2017 and included 74 infant cases of FPIES in the area. (bcm.edu)
- I am impressed that the study team managed to conduct a study of this size in vulnerable infants in neonatal intensive care units. (mynewsdesk.com)
- Human and animal studies have shown that inadequate iron stores in early infancy have an irreversible negative impact on the developing brain with deficits persisting even after iron levels have been restored by iron supplementation. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Feb. 18 (UPI) -- Children conceived using in vitro fertilization have a slightly higher risk of dying during infancy than those conceived naturally, a study published Tuesday in the journal Sterility and Fertility suggests. (upi.com)
- The study, published in the journal Infancy , aims to understand how the physical context of infants' everyday experiences-in particular, how much time they spend in different body positions-changes over the course of the first year and how these changes are predicted by infants' developing motor skills . (medicalxpress.com)
- This study provides evidence, obtained using a novel growth modelling approach, that fast weight gain and large size in infancy increase the risk of early childhood wheezing independently. (bmj.com)
- The study was further strengthened by engaging a panel of independent external consultants to advise on the study design, selection of the neuropsychological test battery, interpretation of results, and editing of the draft manuscript. (cdc.gov)
- This study is a follow-up study to the Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) thimerosal screening analysis, and addresses inconsistent results from that screening study regarding associations between neuropsychological delays and thimerosal exposure. (cdc.gov)
- If this is the case, she explained, the results of the study may underestimate the effects of a mother's consumption of contaminated water on an infant in utero. (yaledailynews.com)
- The results may facilitate further exploration of links between the infant gut microbiome and aspects of child development such as autism. (nutraingredients.com)
- Study record managers: refer to the Data Element Definitions if submitting registration or results information. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Because all of the children used in the study had parents who suffered from asthma, it is unclear whether the results could be applied to all children. (redorbit.com)
- Based on its results, the currently presumed impact of breastfeeding on child wellbeing and health "may be overstated," said the study. (nutraingredients.com)
- Professor Hodler, what was your reaction to the results of this study? (cbc.ca)
- OBJECTIVES: The aim of the work was to present the results of measurements of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF EMF), namely the magnetic flux density, inside infant incubators, and to compare these results with the data published by other authors who point out to a possible association between leukemia or other diseases observed in newborns kept in incubators after the birth and the ELF EMF exposure in the incubator. (biomedsearch.com)
- He continued, "Then we designed a study to see if the intervention leads to better results in future pregnancies. (scienceblog.com)
- As the first study to evaluate the presence of Health Canada approved anti-VEGF therapy in human breast milk, these results provide a resource for ophthalmologists and retina specialists counselling pregnant and nursing patients. (business-standard.com)
- Franchak explained that body positions change dramatically over the first year of life, and much of that change results from infants acquiring new motor skills. (medicalxpress.com)
- Results: A total of 264 infants/caregivers (VLBW: 126, NBW: 138) agreed to participate in genetic collection and 18 refused (11 VLBW and 7 NBW). (umich.edu)
- The research team's paper, published online this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, describes the results of their experiment with the 1- or 2-day-old infants, comparing them with a control group using EEG and video recordings. (innovations-report.com)
- Results of a recent study indicate that parents may want to be wary when giving their young children antibiotics. (greatdad.com)
- This possibility is supported by studies that have shown that preeclampsia, a placental disorder during pregnancy that is also associated with SGA, results in impaired vascular function and increases the risk of future hypertension and heart disease. (chron.com)
- The results of this study, Rise in Non-Accidental Head Trauma Incidence and Severity in Infants Associated with Economic Recession , will be presented by Ms. Huang, 4:01-4:07 pm, Wednesday, April 13, during the 79th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons in Denver. (newswise.com)
- Christian Barker, Executive Vice President, Health & Nutrition Division is very pleased with the study results: "We have a strong focus on infant health and support research initiatives that will enable us to make continuous advancements. (mynewsdesk.com)
- However, results from this study showed sellers do not often follow this advice because hygiene and shipping practices were often compromised," said Dr. Keim, also a faculty member at The Ohio State University College of Medicine. (nationwidechildrens.org)
- The results suggest that infants with specific genotypes require different amounts of DHA and ARA to maintain an adequate status. (dsm.com)
- 4 176 infants took part in the COGNIS study, which was conducted in Spain, and the results highlight the significant impact that FADS polymorphisms have on DHA and ARA status in some formula fed infants. (dsm.com)
- We followed the clinical course of 21 infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia enrolled in a prospective home O2 therapy programme during a 4-year-period. (nih.gov)
- SGA was self-reported and defined as giving birth at or after 37 weeks of gestation to an infant weighing less than five pounds, eight ounces (2,500 grams). (chron.com)
- Fifty-four infants (28 intervention, 26 nonintervention) at familial risk of autism but not otherwise selected for developmental atypicality were assessed at 9-month baseline, 15-month treatment endpoint, and 27- and 39-month follow-up. (nih.gov)
- Professor Steven Marwaha, senior author on the study, added: "We know that adolescence is a key developmental period to study the onset of many mental disorders, including psychosis or BPD. (healthcanal.com)
- A developmental psychologist at the University of California, Riverside, has completed a study that is the first to measure how often infants spend time in different body positions over the first year of life. (medicalxpress.com)
- Understanding postural control development will assist clinicians to early identify those infants at greater risk for developmental delay and will provide insight into when and how therapeutic interventions should be introduced. (nyu.edu)
- Specifically, it assesses infants' weight bearing and weight shifting patterns in prone while preforming developmental tasks. (nyu.edu)
- The study could lead to identifying those at risk for developmental disorders such as autism and dyslexia. (innovations-report.com)
- This study's method potentially offers a unique non-invasive tool for early identification of infants with atypical cerebellar structure, who are potentially at risk for a range of developmental disorders, including autism and dyslexia, she said. (innovations-report.com)
- The investigators will recruit study participants among 3rd trimester pregnant women receiving pre-natal care and women with newborns receiving post-natal care in San Pablo City. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- I mean we were expecting to find that oil spills would increase infant mortality but we didn't expect that the share of newborns who die within the first month would double. (cbc.ca)
- Sleeping newborns are better learners than thought, says a University of Florida researcher about a study that is the first of its type. (innovations-report.com)
- By the time we completed the 16-month study, the practice of holding infants in the PICU was no longer a rare occurrence and had expanded to a wide variety of other critically ill infants, including newborns recovering from surgical procedures for complex congenital heart disease," she said. (newswise.com)
- This was a retrospective evaluation of clinical records of 749 infants from a private Danish chiropractic practice. (chiro.org)
- The choice of a retrospective design makes it impossible to assess whether the observed effect from chiropractic care was better than no treatment in the treatment for excessively crying infants. (chiro.org)
- The bottom-up approach in retrospective study design is systematic and subjected to the same laws of statistics and epidemiology as the RCT. (chiro.org)
- When I looked at the infant mortality rates subject to industrial PM2.5 emissions from incinerators, oil refineries, power stations, foundries etc. (medindia.net)
- We think that it partly implies that the negative effects in the parents build up over time and there's also some evidence that actually the father's exposure to crude oil could increase the risk of genetic malformations in the unborn, which then could contribute to higher infant mortality rates. (cbc.ca)
- For example, the two developed countries that require children be immunized with the least amount of vaccines, Japan and Sweden, also top the table for the lowest infant mortality rates. (prisonplanet.com)
- Of the top ten developed countries with the lowest infant mortality rates, seven of the ten also appear in the top ten table of countries that administer the least vaccines. (prisonplanet.com)
- When looked at in comparison, the table of countries ordered by which ones administer the least vaccines compared to the table which orders countries based on infant mortality rates is very similar. (prisonplanet.com)
- The American Association for the Study and Prevention of Infant Mortality (AASPIM) was one of the first organizations to begin investigating infant mortality rates in terms of eugenics. (wikipedia.org)
- An experimental malaria vaccine once thought promising is turning out to be a disappointment, with a new study showing it is only about 30% effective at protecting infants from the disease. (usatoday.com)
- A study shows that an experimental vaccine is only 30% effective for infants at the target age for immunization. (usatoday.com)
- That is a significant drop from a study last year done in slightly older children, which suggested the vaccine cut the malaria risk by about half - though that is still far below the protection provided from most vaccines. (usatoday.com)
- Maybe we should be thinking of a first-generation vaccine that is targeted only for certain children," said Dr. Salim Abdulla of the Ifakara Health Institute in Tanzania, one of the study investigators. (usatoday.com)
- The study is scheduled to continue until 2014 and is being paid for by GlaxoSmithKline and the PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative. (usatoday.com)
- The information obtained from this study may help in the development and future testing of a safe and effective dengue vaccine. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Miller, a medical research journalist and the Director of the Thinktwice Global Vaccine Institute , has been studying the dangers of vaccines for 25 years. (prisonplanet.com)
- Despite the fact that the United States administers the highest number of vaccine doses to children in the entire developed world, 26 before infants reach the age of one, its infant mortality rate is higher than 33 other nations, all of which administer less vaccines. (prisonplanet.com)
- This is especially true for infants born prematurely, who are at increased risk for vaccine-preventable infections and related complications. (aafp.org)
- That s because the 16 or so studies constantly cited by critics of the hypothesis have examined just one vaccine and one vaccine ingredient. (whale.to)
- Of those 11 vaccines, only the Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) shot has been studied in association with autism, (although a CDC study of an MMR-plus-chickenpox vaccine did show that the risk for febrile seizures in infants was doubled. (whale.to)
- It is illogical to exonerate all vaccines, all vaccine ingredients, and the total US vaccine program as a whole, based solely on a handful of epidemiological studies of just one vaccine and one vaccine ingredient. (whale.to)
- Now, a new study has shown that giving Hepatitis B vaccine to newborn baby boys more than triples the associated risk of developing an autism spectrum disorder. (whale.to)
- Assuming that the full manuscript is published in a peer-reviewed journal, it will be among the first university-based population studies to suggest an association between a vaccine and an increased risk for autism. (whale.to)
- But there are other studies, both published and greatly anticipated, which might support a hypothesized causal association between HepB vaccine and ASD, at least in boys. (whale.to)
- This study is the first look at the impact of state policies to either require or recommend screening of infants for CCHD at birth. (cdc.gov)
- Using Flint, Michigan as a test case, a recent Yale research study establishes a link between contaminated water supplies and poor infant health at birth, especially in infants born to economically disadvantaged families. (yaledailynews.com)
- There are very convincing studies showing that people with lower birth weight have poorer performance in school and lower labor market wages, and they die earlier. (yaledailynews.com)
- Chen and his colleagues suggested two potential reasons that infants born to economically disadvantaged families displayed the lowest birth weights. (yaledailynews.com)
- At the first study visit, information about the mother and birth will be collected and blood samples will be taken from the mother and infant. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The current obstetrical practice at birth in the United States is that the umbilical cord of the infant is clamped immediately. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The Danish study included 336 children who were followed from birth to age seven. (redorbit.com)
- Impact of necrotizing enterocolitis on length of stay and hospital charges in very low birth weight infants. (nature.com)
- Routine supplementation of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and risk of necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants. (nature.com)
- The study included more than 11,000 infants with birth hospitalizations at an urban academic medical center in Washington between 2008 and 2013. (aafp.org)
- In addition, infants conceived from transfer of a fresh embryo or using an intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection -- where a single sperm is injected into the egg -- did not have a higher risk of death than naturally conceived children, regardless of the number of days since birth. (upi.com)
- But the study also finds significant problems among women infected just a few weeks before giving birth. (kff.org)
- Becker-Dreps and colleagues combined this data with actual infant mortality and low birth weight data from clinics in the region and then performed statistical analyses that enabled them to produce their estimates. (scienceblog.com)
- We evaluated the effect of presentation at birth and delivery mode on intellectual performance at age 18 years in a nationwide population study. (nih.gov)
- We studied 8,738 male infants in breech and 384,832 males in cephalic presentation registered in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway, 1967-1979, and linked to data registered at the National Conscript Service, 1984-1999. (nih.gov)
- Aim: To examine the association between infant mortality, the day of birth and sociodemographic factors. (biomedsearch.com)
- The main outcome of interest was infant survival after birth. (biomedsearch.com)
- Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between infant mortality and the day of birth were obtained through parametric time to event models. (biomedsearch.com)
- Conclusions: Cesarean section delivery heightens the risk of all infant death, including neonatal and post-neonatal death, regardless of the day of birth, underscoring the need for multi-tiered strategies to reduce the occurrence of medically unnecessary cesarean sections. (biomedsearch.com)
- The population-based sample comprises 389 teens ages 13-17 giving birth to a live born infant in North Carolina in 2000 - 2005 and in 2007. (rti.org)
- The research team concludes, "Most infants from birth to age 12? (fluoridealert.org)
- Sign up for Insight Alerts highlighting editor-chosen studies with the greatest impact on clinical care. (aappublications.org)
- Incidence and clinical outcome of subdural haemorrhage in infants, the number of cases caused by child abuse, the investigations such children received, and associated risk factors. (bmj.com)
- The clinical outcome was poor: nine infants died and 15 had profound disability. (bmj.com)
- 1 - 4 In clinical practice, it is often difficult to deduce whether a subdural haematoma in an infant is caused by accident or abuse. (bmj.com)
- The clinical potential of this noninvasive tool lies in its use to identify infants most at risk to develop NEC, to facilitate management of feeding and antibiotic regimens, and monitor response to treatment. (news-medical.net)
- Infants will undergo brief clinical assessment by a community health worker (CHW) based on the WHO/UNICEF Integrated Management of Neonatal and Child Illness (IMNCI) algorithm, assessment by two pulse oximetry devices, and examination by a physician. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Medical and clinical studies don't really know that much about what each of these hydrocarbon products would cause. (cbc.ca)
- This study has been adjusted to information available in existing clinical records instead of the reverse order, where the study is designed to collect all essential data. (chiro.org)
- We excluded neonates who developed subdural haemorrhage during their stay on a neonatal unit and infants who developed a subdural haemorrhage after infection or neurosurgical intervention. (bmj.com)
- The average age of diagnosis of children in our study is over two years earlier than the national average, allowing many families to access intervention services much earlier than is typically possible. (ucdavis.edu)
- This is an extremely cost-effective intervention," said Sylvia Becker-Dreps, M.D., M.P.H., assistant professor of family medicine in the UNC School of Medicine and lead author of the study, which is published in the September 2009 issue of the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene . (scienceblog.com)
- Studies have shown that early intervention is a key element in minimizing the negative effects of FAS. (innovations-report.com)
- Early intervention during a period of high neuroplasticity could mitigate the severity of the disorders in later years," said Dominic Holland, PhD, first author of the study and researcher in the Department of Neurosciences at UC San Diego School of Medicine. (ucsd.edu)
- On days each patient met intervention criteria, the goal was for the infant to be held a minimum of two times for at least one hour each, but there was no limit to the number of times per day or length of time the infant could be held. (newswise.com)
- 2) Investigate the effect of The Newborn Behavioral Observation (NBO) as a universal prevention intervention implemented at well-baby clinics in Tromsø with regard to parental mental health, parent-infant interaction and child development. (bioportfolio.com)
- Parents with infants belonging to two well-baby clinics in Tromsø, Norway will be offered the NBO intervention. (bioportfolio.com)
- Also, after each of the NBO consultations, the health worker conducting the intervention fills out a form about their judgment of the infant along four dimensions: autonomic, motor, state organization and attentional-interactional. (bioportfolio.com)
- The study used an innovative approach to acquire this data: the infants' caregivers were sent text messages five times a day for a week to inquire on what the baby was doing at that moment. (medicalxpress.com)
- The caregivers electronically reported infant body positions immediately thereafter in brief one-minute surveys. (medicalxpress.com)
- Learning to walk changes social interactions with caregivers and predicts improvement in infants' spatial cognition. (medicalxpress.com)
- The study's youngest infants are entirely dependent on caregivers to change their body position. (medicalxpress.com)
- For older infants , choosing to sit or stand is often an option only if their caregivers provide the opportunity. (medicalxpress.com)
- September 04, 2019 02:28 pm Michael Devitt - Family physicians know all too well that children and infants who don't receive their vaccines on time can suffer serious health consequences. (aafp.org)
- Dr. Punita Ponda is assistant chief of allergy and immunology at Northwell Health in Great Neck, N.Y. She stressed that when it comes to infant feeding, breast milk is by far the healthiest option. (medicinenet.com)
- The ability of breast milk to provide the required nutrients becomes limited among older infants. (diabetesjournals.org)
- The unique composition of sugars in a mother's breast milk may prevent food allergies in her infant, according to a study published in the latest issue of Allergy. (sunnewsonline.com)
- As a result, anti-VEGF drugs in a nursing mother raise concerns about possible adverse events in a developing infant if the drugs were to pass into breast milk and suppress VEGF. (business-standard.com)
- It is unknown exactly how common purchasing breast milk online is, but an earlier study cited 13,000 postings were placed on U.S. milk sharing websites in 2011. (nationwidechildrens.org)
- Anagnostou explains that weaning foods are introduced to infants when they are being weaned off breast milk or formula and onto solid foods. (bcm.edu)
- Breast milk is the nutritional gold standard for infant nutrition and infant formula are therefore formulated to mimic its composition and functionality. (dsm.com)
Percent of infants1
- But 75.9 percent of infants were exposed to short-acting opioids, and 72.4 percent to multiple opioids. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
- This study was designed to improve upon previous studies that assessed the possible association between ethyl mercury exposure from thimerosal-containing vaccines and neuropsychological functioning including an objective measurement of neuropsychological functioning. (cdc.gov)
- In a novel study in rabbits, investigators provide the first evidence linking fetal exposure to nicotine to long-term alterations of the cardiac sodium current. (elsevier.com)
- Infants in the exposure group received PP. A multiple logistic regression model with generalized estimation equation was used. (nature.com)
- Phthalate exposure is widespread and variable in infants. (commondreams.org)
- Previous studies have focused on a different route of exposure for children: sucking on soft, vinyl toys. (commondreams.org)
- The study, Environmental Health Perspectives: A Case Study of High Prenatal Bisphenol A Exposure and Infant Neonatal Neurobehavior, was led by researcher Sheela Sathyanarayana, MD of Seattle Children's Research Institute, and recently published online in Environmental Health Perspectives. (redorbit.com)
- In animal studies, exposure to BPA early in life can lead to a variety of abnormalities in early development of the brain, behavior, prostate gland and breast tissues. (redorbit.com)
- In human studies, exposure to BPA early in life has not been studied extensively. (redorbit.com)
- The study also identifies potential sources of BPA exposure that can be targeted to reduce exposures in the future. (redorbit.com)
- A new study of infants born in withdrawal due to opioid exposure in utero shows a dramatic increase in torticollis - an abnormal twisting of the neck. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
- It's not exactly a new discovery that early exposure to television causes a lag in infant language development , but a new study adds cognition to the equation. (ecochildsplay.com)
- that over-exposure to fluoride among infants is a widespread problem? (fluoridealert.org)
Occur in infants1
- While past studies find this type of learning can occur in infants who are awake, this is the first study to document it in their most frequent state, while they are asleep," Byrd said. (innovations-report.com)
Patterns in infants1
- The immature nature of sleep patterns in infants could help explain why, she said. (innovations-report.com)
- The study, Association of U.S. State Implementation of Newborn Screening Policies for Critical Congenital Heart Disease With Infant Cardiac Deaths, shows that states that mandated their hospitals to use 'pulse oximetry' testing as a newborn screening measure saw the most significant decrease in infant deaths compared to states without screening policies. (cdc.gov)
- Association of US State Implementation of Newborn Screening Policies for Critical Congenital Heart Disease With Early Infant Cardiac Deaths. (cdc.gov)
- For infants with a critical congenital heart defect, survival up to one year has improved over time," said researcher Dr. Matthew Oster, medical officer at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (medicinenet.com)
- To determine the feasibility and effectiveness of a community-based universal infant hearing screening programme for detecting permanent congenital and early-onset hearing loss (PCEHL) in Lagos, Nigeria. (who.int)
- Kachko L, Birk E, Simhi E, Tzeitlin E, Freud E, Katz J. Spinal anesthesia for noncardiac surgery in infants with congenital heart diseases. (springer.com)
- Pierce said surveys of the doctors before the program showed that most had not been screening infants in any systematic way for autism. (lifescript.com)
- July 2009) concluded, "Our systematic review indicated that the ?consumption of infant formula [concentrated and ready-to-feed] is, on average, associated with an increased risk of developing at least some ?detectable level of enamel fluorosis. (fluoridealert.org)
- in "Infant Formula and Enamel Fluorosis: A Systematic Review. (fluoridealert.org)
- Women and infants tolerated both regimens well and will be followed for five years, said the study's leaders, Dr. Brooks Jackson of Johns Hopkins University and Prof. Francis Mmiro of Mulago Hospital and Makerere University in Kampala. (nytimes.com)
- Statistically different cellular levels of DHA and ARA were reported in some of the feeding groups when classifying infants by FADS polymorphism alleles. (dsm.com)
- The study evaluated 1,047 children between the ages of 7 to 10 years who received vaccines during the 1990's when thimerosal was used as a preservative in many childhood vaccines. (cdc.gov)
- This study recruited children from May 2003 to May 2004 who, in their first year of life, could have been immunized with vaccines containing thimerosal. (cdc.gov)
- The children were between the ages of 7 and 10 years at the time of the study. (cdc.gov)
- For the comprehensive modelling of early childhood development, it is important that the studies can be expanded to children in different populations and environments. (uta.fi)
- Subdural haemorrhage in infants and young children presents major challenges in diagnosis to doctors, social workers, and courts. (bmj.com)
- We performed a population based case series study of children under the age of 2 years who had a subdural haemorrhage. (bmj.com)
- During the study, the children were assessed for symptoms such as wheezing, coughing and breathlessness for the first three years, and were followed up again at the age of seven. (redorbit.com)
- This phenomenon, known as gaze-following, is well-documented in infants and young children, the authors wrote. (go.com)
- The deepening global economic crisis could significantly raise infant mortality and malnutrition rates, a UN official said Tuesday, urging Asian governments to protect millions of vulnerable children. (medindia.net)
- However, a recent study ( 16 ) showed that this association between age at introduction of complementary foods and IA may decrease/disappear when the follow-up is extended, including older children. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Over the past 15 years, the Infant Sibling Study has followed younger siblings of children with ASD, ADHD or typical development, with the goal of understanding the very earliest signs of these conditions. (ucdavis.edu)
- The purpose of this study is to assess whether 7% hypertonic saline (HS) is an effective and safe therapy in infants and young children with CF. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The United States, which administers the highest number of vaccines to children in the developed world, also has the highest number of infant deaths per 1000 births in the developed world. (prisonplanet.com)
- While this in no way can be seen as conclusive evidence due to the small numbers in the study, it does go a long way toward supporting what doctors at Sick Children's Hospital in Toronto, Canada, have long suspected: that some brain function in these children has been inhibited in order for the deaths to occur. (blogcritics.org)
- They linked this increased risk to the fact that a higher number of IVF children are born prematurely, and emphasized that the risk of infant mortality is still very small for both groups. (upi.com)
- All of the children studied were considered to be at high risk for autism because they had an older sibling with the disorder. (disabilityscoop.com)
- It is usually first diagnosed in early childhood, around the age of 3, and recent studies have shown that the earlier that children are diagnosed and treated, the better they do. (lifescript.com)
- Of the more than 10,000 infants, 184 failed the initial screening, and 75 percent of these children ended up with some problem. (lifescript.com)
- Higher numbers of infant Eo/B CFUs were observed in children with wheezing symptoms within the second year of life. (hindawi.com)
- Newborn infants' sleep patterns are quite different than those of older children or adults in that they show more active sleep where heart and breathing rates are very changeable," she said. (innovations-report.com)
- Anagnostou also reported that a significant percentage of children had multiple food triggers, an unusual observation for FPIES-related studies. (bcm.edu)
- The study enrolled children under 2 years old who had hydrocephalus due to aqueductal stenosis. (hydroassoc.org)
- Overall, the children in this study scored well on both questionnaires, indicating that these children had good overall health and a high quality of life. (hydroassoc.org)
- However, this study only included children with aqueductal stenosis, and these children generally scored well on both questionnaires. (hydroassoc.org)
- Furthermore, it is still unknown how well the children in this study will do later in life such as in high school or college, although the future looks promising. (hydroassoc.org)
- Thus, it is often used sparingly and primarily on infants, children, or adults for whom taking an oral temperature would risk injury (e.g., an unconscious patient, a post-oral surgery patient, or a person suffering a seizure) or be inaccurate (due to recently ingested liquids or breathing through the mouth). (wikipedia.org)
- severity of autism prodromal symptoms, blind-rated on Autism Observation Schedule for Infants or Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule 2nd Edition across the four assessment points. (nih.gov)
- This study was not designed to assess possible association between thimerosal and autism. (cdc.gov)
- The study is the first to show that a simple screening tool could be used to detect autism in infants, said Dr. Lisa Gilotty, who heads the autism program at the National Institute of Mental Health, which funded the study. (lifescript.com)
- 16 studies have shown no causal association between vaccines and autism, and these studies carry weight in the scientific industry. (whale.to)
- The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Based on the experiences from a comparable study, "Little in Norway", the investigators expect that about 25 % of all pregnant women (and expecting fathers) in the municipality of Tromsø will participate in the specified time period, i.e. about 500 families in total. (bioportfolio.com)
- Linear regression analyses were conducted to investigate the associations between history of self-harm and ( a ) depressive symptoms and ( b ) the mother-infant relationship. (psychiatrist.com)
- Self-harm ideation during pregnancy is associated with elevated depressive symptoms in the perinatal period and with poorer quality mother-infant interactions. (psychiatrist.com)
- Yet, we know little about whether self-harm is associated with adverse perinatal mental health or mother-infant interactions. (psychiatrist.com)
- Early development of visual attention in infants in rural Malawi. (uta.fi)
- In a second study, we are currently testing the effectiveness of a video based early symptom detection tool completed by parents online. (ucdavis.edu)
- But development at the age of 5 may be too early to find if some social and emotional skills, which develop later in life, are impaired, the study authors said. (upi.com)
- Routine hearing screening of infants attending BCG immunization clinics by community health workers was feasible and effective for the early detection of PCEHL in Lagos, Nigeria. (who.int)
- Home O2 therapy permits the safe early discharge of O2-dependent BPD infants and it reduces significantly the length of time spent in hospital which represents a considerable financial saving. (nih.gov)
- Do infant size and weight gain velocity act independently on the development of wheezing in early childhood? (bmj.com)
- 1 , 2 In recent years, a number of studies reported positive associations between early rapid weight gain and the development of childhood wheezing and asthma. (bmj.com)
- The study, " Early Mobilization of Infants Intubated for Acute Respiratory Failure ," is published in the December issue of Critical Care Nurse ( CCN ). (newswise.com)
- Our annual Study Day event for health and childcare professionals helps facilitate interaction, share current thinking, and showcase best practice from the field of early years nutrition and childhood development. (infantandtoddlerforum.org)
- Aid investments in the world's poorest communities-often in rural areas-may be more expensive than in less-deprived regions, but can save nearly twice as many lives, a new study by the United Nations Children's Fund published Tuesday shows. (wsj.com)
- Cincinnati Children's has one of the few clinics in the nation to follow these infants over a period of time. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
- McAllister and her colleagues at Cincinnati Children's studied 783 infants over a five-year period. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
- This is one reason that Cincinnati Children's established a clinic specifically to provide follow-up care of infants treated for NAS. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
- Co-author Laura Ortmann, MD, conducted the study during her residency at Children's Mercy. (newswise.com)
- One of the main problems with FPIES is that it can be challenging to diagnose," said Dr. Aikaterini Anagnostou, associate professor of pediatric allergy at Baylor, director of the food immunotherapy program at Texas Children's Hospital and the lead researcher in the study. (bcm.edu)
- Perhaps the most important takeaway from this study is that less than 73% of the infants involved in the study had received a full series of seven important vaccines by the time they were three. (consumeraffairs.com)
- Despite the fact that it administers the most vaccines, the United States has the highest infant mortality rate of all developed countries, with an average of 6.22 deaths per 1000 live births. (prisonplanet.com)
- Hospital policy during the study period was to administer vaccines to all patients according to ACIP recommendations. (aafp.org)
- In the study, patients were screened daily to identify infants intubated for acute respiratory failure secondary to either viral or bacterial lower respiratory tract disease with an expected duration of mechanical ventilation of greater than 48 hours. (newswise.com)
- Although recommended for almost a decade, evidence for field effectiveness of vaccinating close adult contacts of newborn infants against pertussis ("cocooning") is lacking. (aappublications.org)
- According to recent studies, massage therapy has been shown to decrease the chance for neonatal jaundice in full-term newborn infants. (massagemag.com)
- Instead, those infants display a slowing of heart rate when lacking oxygen, as if their postnatal cardiac development had been delayed and still in a fetal state. (elsevier.com)
- Using a car analogy, Becker explained that one of the most powerful nonverbal cues, as the study suggests, is a human's gaze. (go.com)
- A new study suggests that the AAP's stance on room-sharing might have its drawbacks-but if you're a new parent, which school of thought should you follow? (fitpregnancy.com)
- But equality of opportunity is fundamentally impossible to achieve as long as there is inequality in infant health. (eurekalert.org)
- The trend is a concern, Rauscher and Rangel explained, because multiple studies have shown that when infants are born underweight or more than three weeks before their due date, they may face health complications that could affect mental, physical and economic well-being for years to come. (eurekalert.org)
- Doctors have learned that things like folic acid supplements and routine checkups can make a big difference in infant health. (eurekalert.org)
- Their data show that infant health inequality in the U.S. seems to have grown steadily over the last few years in concert with increasing income inequality, which has now reached a 50-year high. (eurekalert.org)
- Freelance writer and researcher of primal health, breastfeeding and infant sleep. (aappublications.org)
- Considering that in our industrialized societies childhood obesity rates have reached epidemic proportions, is evident that the objectives of the INSIGHT study are of great importance for public health. (aappublications.org)
- In this research study, we propose to test the hypothesis that the use of pulse oximetry to detect hypoxemia by first-level health workers' in Karachi, Pakistan is useful and feasible for the identification of the infants most urgently in need of medical care. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- We will enroll 1,400 infants 0-59 days of age who present to one of two primary health centers in Karachi. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Infants presenting to the Bilal and Bhains Colony Health Center. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Dawn Shanafelt, of Saginaw County Public Health Department, is mapping infant death rates by US census tract as reported in Saginaw News, 27 April 2009. (medindia.net)
- Products from big brands that claim to develop infants health in a variety of ways are no match for nutritious home-made preparations. (medindia.net)
- While MWI emissions are governed by EU regulations, public concern remains around their potential impact on public health and scientific studies to date have been inconsistent or inconclusive. (news-medical.net)
- Women in the study who used marijuana during pregnancy tended to be younger and more likely to receive health insurance through Medicaid, which is reserved for people who are poor or disabled. (mapinc.org)
- The US has a far higher infant mortality rate than the likes of Cuba or Slovenia despite spending vastly more on health care. (prisonplanet.com)
- Home / Culture and Society / Health and Fitness / Sudden Infant Death: New Study Finds Cause - Or Merely Effect? (blogcritics.org)
- The study stems from a project Becker-Dreps worked on while pursuing her Master of Public Health degree in the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health. (scienceblog.com)
- Qualitative work indicated that the main factors affecting HIV-infected women's infant feeding decisions were the cost of formula, the advice of health workers, influence of relatives, stigma and difficulties with using an exclusive feeding mode. (wiley.com)
- The recently revised international HIV and infant feeding recommendations may make the counselling process simpler for health workers and makes following their advice easier for HIV-infected women. (wiley.com)
- One interpretation of the available evidence would be that public health officials should create ?guidelines for infant formula consumption ensuring that the upper intake level established by the Institute of Medicine… is not? (fluoridealert.org)
- Parents and infants belonging to the rest of the well-baby clinics in the municipality of Tromsø will receive standard health care, i.e. treatment as usual and constitute the control group. (bioportfolio.com)
- Emails obtained by the watchdog group Public Citizen show the HHS Immediate Office of the Secretary has taken away a major responsibility of reviewing rules governing research on human test subjects from the Office of Human Research Protections, and given it to the National Institutes of Health, the agency that conducted the controversial study. (christianpost.com)
- Achieving the right balance between DHA and ARA levels is key for infant health. (dsm.com)
- The study measured how well the patients were doing in regards to their overall health and quality of life five years after treatment. (hydroassoc.org)
- In 2000, researcher A K Mascaren has evaluating only well-conducted studies from the 1980s through the 1990s concluded in Pediatric Dentistry that infant formula was a major risk factor for dental? (fluoridealert.org)
- Dr. Annie Janvier, a professor at the Université de Montréal Faculty of Medicine and a researcher at the Sainte-Justine University Hospital Research Center, conducted the study in collaboration with Keith Barrington also of the Université de Montréal, Khalid Aziz of the University of Alberta and John Lantos of the University of Chicago. (healthcanal.com)
- In October 2006, medical personnel asked Cook to enroll little Dreshan in a study. (christianpost.com)
- The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of different indoor exposures on the recruitment and differentiation of Eo/B progenitors in mother-child pairs. (hindawi.com)
- In addition to breastfeeding, infant fecal IgA associations with pre/postnatal exposures may affect gut immunity and risk of allergic disease. (cambridge.org)
- However, "current mainstream guidelines for infant formula do recommend that parents consider using hypoallergenic formula if a close family member -- like an older brother or sister -- has a food allergy ," she said. (medicinenet.com)
- These studies must be focus on what is really happening to infant sleep, not on what parents perceive that is happening. (aappublications.org)
- NHS Choices points out in an article it is possible that parents in the study gave their child a dose of acetaminophen because they were already experiencing asthma-like symptoms to begin with. (redorbit.com)
- I don't know if I can think of a worse nightmare for parents than walking into their newborn baby's room and finding their infant dead. (blogcritics.org)
- New parents have always been short on sleep , and many feared that sleeping in the same room as an infant for a full year would make it even more difficult to get enough shut eye. (fitpregnancy.com)
- Dr. Chrystal de Freitas, a pediatrician who participated in the study, said parents who got the screening paid more attention to their child's development, and it helped prepare some for potentially bad news. (lifescript.com)
- This cross-sectional study included 1,410 parents with an infant. (mdpi.com)
- To determine correlates of parents who leave their infant unsupervised, logistic regression analyses were performed. (mdpi.com)
- Those guidelines recommended that infants sleep in the same room as their parents until they were one year of age. (theincidentaleconomist.com)
- Although the effects on parents were not directly examined in this study, nurses reported that the biggest impact appeared to be on the parents' moods, which led nurses to encourage holding by parents beyond the study protocol. (newswise.com)
- The infants were treated using chiropractic management as decided by the treating doctor of chiropractic, and changes in crying based upon the parents' report were noted as improved, uncertain, or nonrecovered. (chiro.org)
- Both the CDC and the American Dental Association's web sites advise parents to avoid mixing fluoridated water into concentrated infant ?formula, but they have never effectively broadcast this information to parents or the media (4,5). (fluoridealert.org)
- Another new finding of our study was the significant percentage of infants at risk for malnutrition because the parents become worried about introducing other foods," Anagnostou said. (bcm.edu)