Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
A mosquito-borne encephalitis caused by the Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE) occurring throughout Eastern Asia and Australia. The majority of infections occur in children and are subclinical or have features limited to transient fever and gastrointestinal symptoms. Inflammation of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges may occur and lead to transient or permanent neurologic deficits (including a POLIOMYELITIS-like presentation); SEIZURES; COMA; and death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p751; Lancet 1998 Apr 11;351(9109):1094-7)
Encephalitis Virus, Japanese
A paraneoplastic syndrome marked by degeneration of neurons in the LIMBIC SYSTEM. Clinical features include HALLUCINATIONS, loss of EPISODIC MEMORY; ANOSMIA; AGEUSIA; TEMPORAL LOBE EPILEPSY; DEMENTIA; and affective disturbance (depression). Circulating anti-neuronal antibodies (e.g., anti-Hu; anti-Yo; anti-Ri; and anti-Ma2) and small cell lung carcinomas or testicular carcinoma are frequently associated with this syndrome.
Infections of the brain caused by arthropod-borne viruses (i.e., arboviruses) primarily from the families TOGAVIRIDAE; FLAVIVIRIDAE; BUNYAVIRIDAE; REOVIRIDAE; and RHABDOVIRIDAE. Life cycles of these viruses are characterized by ZOONOSES, with birds and lower mammals serving as intermediate hosts. The virus is transmitted to humans by the bite of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) or TICKS. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, alterations of mentation, focal neurologic deficits, and COMA. (From Clin Microbiol Rev 1994 Jan;7(1):89-116; Walton, Brain's Diseases of the Nervous System, 10th ed, p321)
Encephalitis Virus, Venezuelan Equine
Encephalitis, Herpes Simplex
An acute (or rarely chronic) inflammatory process of the brain caused by SIMPLEXVIRUS infections which may be fatal. The majority of infections are caused by human herpesvirus 1 (HERPESVIRUS 1, HUMAN) and less often by human herpesvirus 2 (HERPESVIRUS 2, HUMAN). Clinical manifestations include FEVER; HEADACHE; SEIZURES; HALLUCINATIONS; behavioral alterations; APHASIA; hemiparesis; and COMA. Pathologically, the condition is marked by a hemorrhagic necrosis involving the medial and inferior TEMPORAL LOBE and orbital regions of the FRONTAL LOBE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp751-4)
Encephalitis, St. Louis
A viral encephalitis caused by the St. Louis encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, ST. LOUIS), a FLAVIVIRUS. It is transmitted to humans and other vertebrates primarily by mosquitoes of the genus CULEX. The primary animal vectors are wild birds and the disorder is endemic to the midwestern and southeastern United States. Infections may be limited to an influenza-like illness or present as an ASEPTIC MENINGITIS or ENCEPHALITIS. Clinical manifestations of the encephalitic presentation may include SEIZURES, lethargy, MYOCLONUS, focal neurologic signs, COMA, and DEATH. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p750)
Encephalitis Virus, St. Louis
Japanese Encephalitis Vaccines
Encephalitis Virus, Eastern Equine
A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing encephalomyelitis in Equidae and humans. The virus ranges along the Atlantic seaboard of the United States and Canada and as far south as the Caribbean, Mexico, and parts of Central and South America. Infections in horses show a mortality of up to 90 percent and in humans as high as 80 percent in epidemics.
Encephalitis Virus, Western Equine
Encephalomyelitis, Venezuelan Equine
A form of arboviral encephalitis endemic to Central America and the northern latitudes of South America. The causative organism (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, VENEZUELAN EQUINE) is transmitted to humans and horses via the bite of several mosquito species. Human viral infection may be asymptomatic or remain restricted to a mild influenza-like illness. Encephalitis, usually not severe, occurs in a small percentage of cases and may rarely feature SEIZURES and COMA. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp9-10)
Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis
Disorder characterized by symptoms of CATATONIA; HYPOVENTILATION; DYSKINESIAS; ENCEPHALITIS; and SEIZURES followed by a reduced CONSCIOUSNESS. It is often followed by a viral-like prodrome. Many cases are self-limiting and respond well to IMMUNOMODULATORY THERAPIES against the NMDA RECEPTORS antibodies.
Encephalitis Virus, Murray Valley
A group of ALPHAVIRUS INFECTIONS which affect horses and man, transmitted via the bites of mosquitoes. Disorders in this category are endemic to regions of South America and North America. In humans, clinical manifestations vary with the type of infection, and range from a mild influenza-like syndrome to a fulminant encephalitis. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp8-10)
A viral infection of the brain caused by serotypes of California encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, CALIFORNIA) transmitted to humans by the mosquito AEDES triseriatus. The majority of cases are caused by the LA CROSSE VIRUS. This condition is endemic to the midwestern United States and primarily affects children between 5-10 years of age. Clinical manifestations include FEVER; VOMITING; HEADACHE; and abdominal pain followed by SEIZURES, altered mentation, and focal neurologic deficits. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, p13)
Encephalitis Viruses, Japanese
A subgroup of the genus FLAVIVIRUS which comprises a number of viral species that are the etiologic agents of human encephalitis in many different geographical regions. These include Japanese encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE), St. Louis encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, ST. LOUIS), Murray Valley encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, MURRAY VALLEY), and WEST NILE VIRUS.
Infections of the BRAIN caused by the protozoan TOXOPLASMA gondii that primarily arise in individuals with IMMUNOLOGIC DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES (see also AIDS-RELATED OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS). The infection may involve the brain diffusely or form discrete abscesses. Clinical manifestations include SEIZURES, altered mentation, headache, focal neurologic deficits, and INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch27, pp41-3)
West Nile virus
A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE). It can infect birds and mammals. In humans, it is seen most frequently in Africa, Asia, and Europe presenting as a silent infection or undifferentiated fever (WEST NILE FEVER). The virus appeared in North America for the first time in 1999. It is transmitted mainly by CULEX spp mosquitoes which feed primarily on birds, but it can also be carried by the Asian Tiger mosquito, AEDES albopictus, which feeds mainly on mammals.
West Nile Fever
A mosquito-borne viral illness caused by the WEST NILE VIRUS, a FLAVIVIRUS and endemic to regions of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Common clinical features include HEADACHE; FEVER; maculopapular rash; gastrointestinal symptoms; and lymphadenopathy. MENINGITIS; ENCEPHALITIS; and MYELITIS may also occur. The disease may occasionally be fatal or leave survivors with residual neurologic deficits. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, p13; Lancet 1998 Sep 5;352(9130):767-71)
Encephalomyelitis, Eastern Equine
A form of arboviral encephalitis (primarily affecting equines) endemic to eastern regions of North America. The causative organism (ENCEPHALOMYELITIS VIRUS, EASTERN EQUINE) may be transmitted to humans via the bite of AEDES mosquitoes. Clinical manifestations include the acute onset of fever, HEADACHE, altered mentation, and SEIZURES followed by coma. The condition is fatal in up to 50% of cases. Recovery may be marked by residual neurologic deficits and EPILEPSY. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp9-10)
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Encephalitis, Varicella Zoster
Inflammation of brain tissue caused by infection with the varicella-zoster virus (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN). This condition is associated with immunocompromised states, including the ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME. Pathologically, the virus tends to induce a vasculopathy and infect oligodendrocytes and ependymal cells, leading to CEREBRAL INFARCTION, multifocal regions of demyelination, and periventricular necrosis. Manifestations of varicella encephalitis usually occur 5-7 days after onset of HERPES ZOSTER and include HEADACHE; VOMITING; lethargy; focal neurologic deficits; FEVER; and COMA. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch 26, pp29-32; Hum Pathol 1996 Sep;27(9):927-38)
La Crosse virus
A serotype of the species California encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, CALIFORNIA), in the genus ORTHOBUNYAVIRUS, causing human MENINGOENCEPHALITIS. This is the agent most responsible for California encephalitis (ENCEPHALITIS, CALIFORNIA), the most prevalent mosquito-borne disease recognized in the United States.
Encephalitis Virus, California
Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System
Degenerative or inflammatory conditions affecting the central or peripheral nervous system that develop in association with a systemic neoplasm without direct invasion by tumor. They may be associated with circulating antibodies that react with the affected neural tissue. (Intern Med 1996 Dec;35(12):925-9)
Arthritis-Encephalitis Virus, Caprine
Arthropod-borne viruses. A non-taxonomic designation for viruses that can replicate in both vertebrate hosts and arthropod vectors. Included are some members of the following families: ARENAVIRIDAE; BUNYAVIRIDAE; REOVIRIDAE; TOGAVIRIDAE; and FLAVIVIRIDAE. (From Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2nd ed)
AIDS Dementia Complex
A neurologic condition associated with the ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME and characterized by impaired concentration and memory, slowness of hand movements, ATAXIA, incontinence, apathy, and gait difficulties associated with HIV-1 viral infection of the central nervous system. Pathologic examination of the brain reveals white matter rarefaction, perivascular infiltrates of lymphocytes, foamy macrophages, and multinucleated giant cells. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp760-1; N Engl J Med, 1995 Apr 6;332(14):934-40)
Parkinson Disease, Postencephalitic
Parkinsonism following encephalitis, historically seen as a sequella of encephalitis lethargica (Von Economo Encephalitis). The early age of onset, the rapid progression of symptoms followed by stabilization, and the presence of a variety of other neurological disorders (e.g., sociopathic behavior; TICS; MUSCLE SPASMS; oculogyric crises; hyperphagia; and bizarre movements) distinguish this condition from primary PARKINSON DISEASE. Pathologic features include neuronal loss and gliosis concentrated in the MESENCEPHALON; SUBTHALAMUS; and HYPOTHALAMUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p754)
A group of acute infections caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 or type 2 that is characterized by the development of one or more small fluid-filled vesicles with a raised erythematous base on the skin or mucous membrane. It occurs as a primary infection or recurs due to a reactivation of a latent infection. (Dorland, 27th ed.)
Viral Envelope Proteins
Layers of protein which surround the capsid in animal viruses with tubular nucleocapsids. The envelope consists of an inner layer of lipids and virus specified proteins also called membrane or matrix proteins. The outer layer consists of one or more types of morphological subunits called peplomers which project from the viral envelope; this layer always consists of glycoproteins.
Encephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated
An acute or subacute inflammatory process of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM characterized histologically by multiple foci of perivascular demyelination. Symptom onset usually occurs several days after an acute viral infection or immunization, but it may coincide with the onset of infection or rarely no antecedent event can be identified. Clinical manifestations include CONFUSION, somnolence, FEVER, nuchal rigidity, and involuntary movements. The illness may progress to COMA and eventually be fatal. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p921)
Encephalomyelitis, Western Equine
A form of arboviral encephalitis (which primarily affects horses) endemic to western and central regions of NORTH AMERICA. The causative organism (ENCEPHALOMYELITIS VIRUS, WESTERN EQUINE) may be transferred to humans via the bite of mosquitoes (CULEX tarsalis and others). Clinical manifestations include headache and influenza-like symptoms followed by alterations in mentation, SEIZURES, and COMA. DEATH occurs in a minority of cases. Survivors may recover fully or be left with residual neurologic dysfunction, including PARKINSONISM, POSTENCEPHALITIC. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp8-9)
The type species of ALPHAVIRUS normally transmitted to birds by CULEX mosquitoes in Egypt, South Africa, India, Malaya, the Philippines, and Australia. It may be associated with fever in humans. Serotypes (differing by less than 17% in nucleotide sequence) include Babanki, Kyzylagach, and Ockelbo viruses.
Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)
The measurement of infection-blocking titer of ANTISERA by testing a series of dilutions for a given virus-antiserum interaction end-point, which is generally the dilution at which tissue cultures inoculated with the serum-virus mixtures demonstrate cytopathology (CPE) or the dilution at which 50% of test animals injected with serum-virus mixtures show infectivity (ID50) or die (LD50).
Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests
West Nile Virus Vaccines
Viral Nonstructural Proteins
Herpesvirus 6, Human
The type species of ROSEOLOVIRUS isolated from patients with AIDS and other LYMPHOPROLIFERATIVE DISORDERS. It infects and replicates in fresh and established lines of hematopoietic cells and cells of neural origin. It also appears to alter NK cell activity. HHV-6; (HBLV) antibodies are elevated in patients with AIDS, Sjogren's syndrome, sarcoidosis, chronic fatigue syndrome, and certain malignancies. HHV-6 is the cause of EXANTHEMA SUBITUM and has been implicated in encephalitis.
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Disorders caused by cellular or humoral immune responses primarily directed towards nervous system autoantigens. The immune response may be directed towards specific tissue components (e.g., myelin) and may be limited to the central nervous system (e.g., MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS) or the peripheral nervous system (e.g., GUILLAIN-BARRE SYNDROME).
Viral Plaque Assay
Method for measuring viral infectivity and multiplication in CULTURED CELLS. Clear lysed areas or plaques develop as the VIRAL PARTICLES are released from the infected cells during incubation. With some VIRUSES, the cells are killed by a cytopathic effect; with others, the infected cells are not killed but can be detected by their hemadsorptive ability. Sometimes the plaque cells contain VIRAL ANTIGENS which can be measured by IMMUNOFLUORESCENCE.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Molecular Sequence Data
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Central Nervous System Infections
Pathogenic infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges. DNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; RNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; BACTERIAL INFECTIONS; MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; SPIROCHAETALES INFECTIONS; fungal infections; PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS; HELMINTHIASIS; and PRION DISEASES may involve the central nervous system as a primary or secondary process.
Central Nervous System Protozoal Infections
Yellow fever virus
Communicable Diseases, Emerging
Central Nervous System Viral Diseases
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
Central Nervous System
Agents used in the prophylaxis or therapy of VIRUS DISEASES. Some of the ways they may act include preventing viral replication by inhibiting viral DNA polymerase; binding to specific cell-surface receptors and inhibiting viral penetration or uncoating; inhibiting viral protein synthesis; or blocking late stages of virus assembly.
A syndrome characterized by headache, neck stiffness, low grade fever, and CSF lymphocytic pleocytosis in the absence of an acute bacterial pathogen. Viral meningitis is the most frequent cause although MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; RICKETTSIA INFECTIONS; diagnostic or therapeutic procedures; NEOPLASTIC PROCESSES; septic perimeningeal foci; and other conditions may result in this syndrome. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p745)
A rare neuromuscular disorder with onset usually in late childhood or early adulthood, characterized by intermittent or continuous widespread involuntary muscle contractions; FASCICULATION; hyporeflexia; MUSCLE CRAMP; MUSCLE WEAKNESS; HYPERHIDROSIS; TACHYCARDIA; and MYOKYMIA. Involvement of pharyngeal or laryngeal muscles may interfere with speech and breathing. The continuous motor activity persists during sleep and general anesthesia (distinguishing this condition from STIFF-PERSON SYNDROME). Familial and acquired (primarily autoimmune) forms have been reported. (From Ann NY Acad Sci 1998 May 13;841:482-496; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1491)
Disease Models, Animal
Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)
Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis
A rare, slowly progressive encephalitis caused by chronic infection with the MEASLES VIRUS. The condition occurs primarily in children and young adults, approximately 2-8 years after the initial infection. A gradual decline in intellectual abilities and behavioral alterations are followed by progressive MYOCLONUS; MUSCLE SPASTICITY; SEIZURES; DEMENTIA; autonomic dysfunction; and ATAXIA. DEATH usually occurs 1-3 years after disease onset. Pathologic features include perivascular cuffing, eosinophilic cytoplasmic inclusions, neurophagia, and fibrous gliosis. It is caused by the SSPE virus, which is a defective variant of MEASLES VIRUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp767-8)
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Polymerase Chain Reaction
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Herpesvirus 1, Human
The type species of SIMPLEXVIRUS causing most forms of non-genital herpes simplex in humans. Primary infection occurs mainly in infants and young children and then the virus becomes latent in the dorsal root ganglion. It then is periodically reactivated throughout life causing mostly benign conditions.
A neurosurgical procedure that removes or disconnects the epileptogenic CEREBRAL CORTEX of a hemisphere. Hemispherectomy is usually performed for patients with intractable unilateral EPILEPSY due to malformations of cortical development or brain lesions. Depending on the epileptogenic area in the hemisphere, cortical removal can be total or partial.
Inflammation of the coverings of the brain and/or spinal cord, which consist of the PIA MATER; ARACHNOID; and DURA MATER. Infections (viral, bacterial, and fungal) are the most common causes of this condition, but subarachnoid hemorrhage (HEMORRHAGES, SUBARACHNOID), chemical irritation (chemical MENINGITIS), granulomatous conditions, neoplastic conditions (CARCINOMATOUS MENINGITIS), and other inflammatory conditions may produce this syndrome. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1994, Ch24, p6)
Amino Acid Sequence
Leukoencephalitis, Acute Hemorrhagic
A fulminant and often fatal demyelinating disease of the brain which primarily affects young adults and children. Clinical features include the rapid onset of weakness, SEIZURES, and COMA. It may follow a viral illness or MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIAE infections but in most instances there is no precipitating event. Pathologic examination reveals marked perivascular demyelination and necrosis of white matter with microhemorrhages. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp924-5)
The third type of glial cell, along with astrocytes and oligodendrocytes (which together form the macroglia). Microglia vary in appearance depending on developmental stage, functional state, and anatomical location; subtype terms include ramified, perivascular, ameboid, resting, and activated. Microglia clearly are capable of phagocytosis and play an important role in a wide spectrum of neuropathologies. They have also been suggested to act in several other roles including in secretion (e.g., of cytokines and neural growth factors), in immunological processing (e.g., antigen presentation), and in central nervous system development and remodeling.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
Cytopathogenic Effect, Viral
Visible morphologic changes in cells infected with viruses. It includes shutdown of cellular RNA and protein synthesis, cell fusion, release of lysosomal enzymes, changes in cell membrane permeability, diffuse changes in intracellular structures, presence of viral inclusion bodies, and chromosomal aberrations. It excludes malignant transformation, which is CELL TRANSFORMATION, VIRAL. Viral cytopathogenic effects provide a valuable method for identifying and classifying the infecting viruses.
Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease
Simian Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Immunoglobulin preparations used in intravenous infusion, containing primarily IMMUNOGLOBULIN G. They are used to treat a variety of diseases associated with decreased or abnormal immunoglobulin levels including pediatric AIDS; primary HYPERGAMMAGLOBULINEMIA; SCID; CYTOMEGALOVIRUS infections in transplant recipients, LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA, CHRONIC; Kawasaki syndrome, infection in neonates, and IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA.
Coronavirus OC43, Human
A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)
Complement Fixation Tests
Serologic tests based on inactivation of complement by the antigen-antibody complex (stage 1). Binding of free complement can be visualized by addition of a second antigen-antibody system such as red cells and appropriate red cell antibody (hemolysin) requiring complement for its completion (stage 2). Failure of the red cells to lyse indicates that a specific antigen-antibody reaction has taken place in stage 1. If red cells lyse, free complement is present indicating no antigen-antibody reaction occurred in stage 1.
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections
Opportunistic infections found in patients who test positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The most common include PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA, Kaposi's sarcoma, cryptosporidiosis, herpes simplex, toxoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, and infections with Mycobacterium avium complex, Microsporidium, and Cytomegalovirus.
Simian immunodeficiency virus
A class of ionotropic glutamate receptors characterized by affinity for N-methyl-D-aspartate. NMDA receptors have an allosteric binding site for glycine which must be occupied for the channel to open efficiently and a site within the channel itself to which magnesium ions bind in a voltage-dependent manner. The positive voltage dependence of channel conductance and the high permeability of the conducting channel to calcium ions (as well as to monovalent cations) are important in excitotoxicity and neuronal plasticity.
Nervous System Diseases
Enterovirus A, Human
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
Deliberate stimulation of the host's immune response. ACTIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of ANTIGENS or IMMUNOLOGIC ADJUVANTS. PASSIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of IMMUNE SERA or LYMPHOCYTES or their extracts (e.g., transfer factor, immune RNA) or transplantation of immunocompetent cell producing tissue (thymus or bone marrow).
Admitting Department, Hospital
Viral Structural Proteins
Viral proteins that are components of the mature assembled VIRUS PARTICLES. They may include nucleocapsid core proteins (gag proteins), enzymes packaged within the virus particle (pol proteins), and membrane components (env proteins). These do not include the proteins encoded in the VIRAL GENOME that are produced in infected cells but which are not packaged in the mature virus particle,i.e. the so called non-structural proteins (VIRAL NONSTRUCTURAL PROTEINS).
A species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus ovine-caprine lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, OVINE-CAPRINE), that can cause chronic pneumonia (maedi), mastitis, arthritis, and encephalomyelitis (visna) in sheep. Maedi is a progressive pneumonia of sheep which is similar to but not the same as jaagsiekte (PULMONARY ADENOMATOSIS, OVINE). Visna is a demyelinating leukoencephalomyelitis of sheep which is similar to but not the same as SCRAPIE.
PATH (global health organization)
Interim study results released in 2012 showed RTS,S reduced cases of malaria among infants by 33 percent. In October 2013, ... "Milestones: Japanese encephalitis vaccine". PATH blog. Archived from the original on 15 April 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2013 ... In 2012, the NGO was warned by the Indian government after one of its studies involving an HPV vaccine resulted in the alleged ... Interim results of the study released in 2011 showed the vaccine provided about 50 percent protection against malaria for young ...
Lesional demyelinations of the central nervous system
A longitudinal MRI study". NeuroImage. 42 (4): 1324-8. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2008.06.028. PMID 18652903. Schelling F. MS: ... "Autoimmune encephalitis in humans: how closely does it reflect multiple sclerosis?". Acta Neuropathol Commun. 3 (1): 80. doi: ... A study of 113 cases". Brain. 122 (12): 2279-2295. doi:10.1093/brain/122.12.2279. PMID 10581222. Retrieved 2006-05-10. Kale N, ... A study of 31 patients". Annals of Neurology. 33: 18-27. doi:10.1002/ana.410330105. PMID 8494332. Saindane; et al. (2002). " ...
Barbara Wilson (psychologist)
"Professor Barbara Wilson". The Encephalitis Society. Retrieved 2019-10-10. "Barbara A. Wilson". Guilford Press. Retrieved 2019- ... Wilson, Barbara A. (1999). Case Studies in Neuropsychological Rehabilitation. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195065985. ... one from the National Academy of Neuropsychology and one from the Encephalitis Society; (2011) Ramon Y Cahal award, the ... Case Studies in Neuropsychological Rehabilitation (1999) Essentials of Neuropsychological Rehabilitation (Wilson and Betteridge ...
Taisiya Sergeevna Osintseva
1970;70(8):1155-9. [Article in Russian]. Osintseva T.S. [Study of hemorrhagic encephalitis]. Sov Med. 1950 Dec;12:23-4. ISSN ... encephalitis, Lyme disease). She wrote nearly 160 articles, and "Tick-Borne Encephalitis: A Clinical Guide for Practicing ... Article in Russian]. Osintseva T.S. [Hemorrhagic encephalitis]. Nevropatol Psikhiatriia. 1950 Mar-Apr;19(2):13-5.[Article in ...
Soares-Ishigaki EC, Cera ML, Pieri A, Ortiz KZ (2012). "Aphasia and herpes virus encephalitis: a case study". Sao Paulo Medical ... few studies have specifically studied the effectiveness of therapy for people with this type of aphasia. From the studies ... Other studies have found that most, but not all people with aphasia demonstrate performance deficits on tasks of attention, and ... Studies have shown that, although there is no consistency on treatment methodology in literature, there is a strong indication ...
... mice and in hamsters with histopathological features reminiscent of flavivirus encephalitis in man. Studies suggest envelope (E ... Typically, flaviviruses cause encephalitis in host organisms. MODV causes flavivirus-like encephalitis in SCID (severe combined ... However, the studied field strain of MODV showed persistent infection of the virus in deer mouse lungs that may be transmitted ... Other studies suggest cannibalism does not play a role in viral transmission, but the possibility of sexual transmission has ...
Enid Cook de Rodaniche
Cook, Enid (1937). "Studies on the Virus of St. Louis Encephalitis". "Letter from M. Carey Thomas to Marion Park , Black at ... Her thesis was titled "Studies on the Virus of St. Louis Encephalitis." Cook's admission to Bryn Mawr was a subject of intense ... Louis encephalitis and on herpes. Beginning in 1946, she was the chief of the Public Health Laboratory at the Instituto ...
John S. Marr
John Marr, retrieved 2020-03-27 Marr, JS; Beck, AM; Lugo, JA (1979). "An epidemiologic study of the human bite". Public Health ... Marr, JS; Calisher, CH (December 2003). "Alexander the Great and West Nile virus encephalitis". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 9 ... "Introducing a New Series of Epidemiologic Case Studies: Podcast with Dr. John Marr - JPHMP Direct". JPHMP Direct. 2018-07-19. ... The collection of case studies called Backstories in Epidemiology: True Medical Mysteries is also available in ebook form. ...
Can Google be used to study parasitic disease? Internet searching on tick-borne encephalitis in Germany. Journal of vector ... The use of google trends to study a wide range of medical topics is becoming more widespread. Studies have been performed ... The study was in response to Pete Buttigieg's surge in a poll of Iowa's likely Democratic caucusgoers conducted between ... The authors of the study examined Google search queries made by Internet users in 45 different countries in 2010 and calculated ...
Rasmussen's encephalitis is a symptomatic localization-related epilepsy that is a progressive, inflammatory lesion affecting ... A clinical and video-EEG study of 17 patients with reading-induced seizures". Brain. 121 (8): 1409-1427. doi:10.1093/brain/ ... Kuzniecky R, Rosenblatt B (1987). "Benign occipital epilepsy: a family study". Epilepsia. 24 (4): 346-350. doi:10.1111/j.1528- ... Rogers (1994). "Autoantibodies to glutamate receptor GluR3 in Rasmussen's encephalitis". Science. 265 (5172): 648-651. doi: ...
Yale studies in the history of science and medicine). New Haven, Conn: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-01324-5. Carstens ... Encephalitis is rare manifestation of enterovirus infection; when it occurs, the most frequent enterovirus found to be causing ... A 2007 study suggested that acute respiratory or gastrointestinal infections associated with enterovirus may be a factor in ... encephalitis lethargica, the 1917 - 1926 "sleeping sickness". Enterovirus has been speculated to be connected with Type 1 ...
National Institute of Virology
Japanese encephalitis (JE), Chikungunya, West Nile and Chandipura etc. Ecological studies to understand the natural cycle of ... Since the studies on arboviruses and their arthropod vectors involve most of the basic principles and techniques of general ... NIV is also the National Monitoring Centre for Influenza, Japanese encephalitis, Rota, Measles, Hepatitis and Coronavirus. The ... Subsequently, studies on Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Rotavirus gastroenteritis, acute haemorrhagic ...
Edward C. Holmes
Allvarez, Marila C. Armesto (2004). Molecular studies of tick-borne encephalitis virus (DPhil thesis). University of Oxford. ... Gilbert, Marcus Thomas Pius (2003). An assessment of the use of human samples in ancient DNA studies (DPhil thesis). University ... Jackson, Andrew (2004). The application of phylogenetic reconciliation to the study of coevolution (DPhil thesis). University ...
Some supposed minor works like the ones on mycology (study of the fungi) were missing there. Barrett, A. M.; Stewart, Halley ( ... Barrett, AM; Gairdner, D; McFarlan, AM (1952). "An outbreak of encephalitis, possibly due to poliomyelitis virus". British ... McCance, RA; Barrett, AM (1951). "Studies of undernutrition, Wuppertal 1946-9. III. The effect of undernutrition on the skin". ... McCance, RA; Dean, RF; Barrett, AM (1951). "Studies of undernutrition, Wuppertal 1946-9. VI. Enlargement of the parotid glands ...
Esiri, M. M. (May 1982). "Herpes simplex encephalitis. An immunohistological study of the distribution of viral antigen within ... Herpesviral encephalitis and herpesviral meningitis Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) is a rare life-threatening condition that ... these preliminary studies have not been confirmed by higher-quality randomized controlled studies. ... Herpes Encephalitis at eMedicine *^ van Riel, Debby; Verdijk, Rob; Kuiken, Thijs (January 2015). "The olfactory nerve: a ...
In these studies, individuals ranging from about 15-40 years of age were examined and the majority of those tested were male. ... A viral infection may also result in encephalitis triggered by an autoimmune response. The most ubiquitous form, anti-NMDA ... Studies have shown this treatment combined with valacyclovir to be effective in combating HSV-1 and eventually returning ... In another study, patients displayed an elevated level of lymphocytic pleocytosis with each pseudomigraine episode. In Susac's ...
Transfusion transmitted infection
... is Japanese encephalitis a possible TTI? Pool vs. individual testing. Not known to cause disease, recent studies Donors ... There are few studies which documents transmission of babesiosis through blood transfusion. New test in use Donors screened, ...
He is internationally known for his studies on Japanese encephalitis. Basu is an elected fellow of all the three major Indian ... His doctoral studies were at the CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Biology and later, he has done his postdoctoral studies at ... and Acute encephalitis syndrome patients who survive the initial attack of the diseases and this has led to a wider study on ... The team led by him are involved in research on the pathogenesis of viruses such as Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), West ...
One study searched for viral DNA from canine herpesvirus, canine adenovirus, and canine parvovirus in brain tissue from dogs ... GME is likely second only to encephalitis caused by canine distemper virus as the most common cause of inflammatory disease of ... Pug Dog encephalitis (PDE) is an idiopathic inflammatory disease primarily affecting the prosencephalon (forebrain and thalamus ... Encephalitis Meningitis Adamo F, O'Brien R (2004). "Use of cyclosporine to treat granulomatous meningoencephalitis in three ...
Environmental issues in Brevard County
Studies have shown mitigation reefs do not adequately perform the ecological function of natural ones, and a group called 'Save ... Mosquitoes can carry malaria, yellow fever, and equine encephalitis. The bites of yellow flies can sting people and domestic ... Human epidemiological studies found associations between PFOS exposure and high cholesterol and adverse reproductive and ... studied". Florida Today. Melbourne, Florida. pp. 1-2B. "Pressroom". Florida Museum. Retrieved 7 August 2018. Reed, Matt (10 ...
Male and Female: The Classic Study of the Sexes (1949) Quill (HarperCollins) 1998 edition: ISBN 0-688-14676-7 Fletcher, Joyce K ... These patients, like victims of encephalitis, could not be awakened. Amygdala hijack Behavioral economics Bounded rationality ... The study of irrational behavior is of interest in fields such as psychology, cognitive science, economics, game theory, and ...
Peter C. Doherty
Doherty, Peter Charles (1970). Studies in the experimental pathology of louping-ill encephalitis (PhD thesis). hdl:1842/17153. ...
... was the pseudonym of a patient of Josef Breuer, who published her case study in his book Studies on Hysteria, written ... Others have suggested it was encephalitis, a form of brain inflammation. Many have also suggested that she suffered from a form ... The detailed case history appeared in 1895 in Studies on Hysteria. The name Anna O. was constructed by shifting her initials "B ... Her case history was described in Studies on Hysteria (Studien über Hysterie) (1895), which Breuer published together with ...
Gabrielle Charlotte Lévy
Though her family believed that her death was caused by the very disease she was studying, the real cause of her death is ... During her career, Lévy focused on two main areas of research: [[encephalitis lethargica, and the Roussy-Lévy syndrome, which ... As a child, she had many interests including music, but chose to study medicine. An obituary published in the Journal of ... She also made significant contributions to the understanding of encephalitis lethargica. Lévy was born in Paris on 11 January ...
Esiri, M. M. (May 1982). "Herpes simplex encephalitis. An immunohistological study of the distribution of viral antigen within ... these preliminary studies have not been confirmed by higher-quality randomized controlled studies. Following active infection, ... In Norway, a study published in 2000 found that up to 70-90% of genital initial infections were due to HSV-1. In Nova Scotia, ... A 2009 study showed the protein VP16 plays a key role in reactivation of the dormant virus. Changes in the immune system during ...
Ross River fever
The study of RRF has been recently facilitated by the development of a mouse model. Mice infected with RRV develop hind-limb ... There have been three case reports suggesting meningitis or encephalitis. Reports from the 1980s and 1990s ... More recent prospective studies have reported a steady improvement in symptoms over the first few months, with 15-66% of ...
It is a major vector of West Nile virus, and Japanese encephalitis virus Larvae can be found from the edges of rice fields. ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Outdoor and Indoor biting activities of Culex pseudovishnui in the study areas". ... Isolation of Japanese encephalitis virus from Culex pseudovishnui Colless, 1957 (Diptera: Culicidae) in Goa.. ... Mourya, DT; Mishra, AC; Soman, RS (1991). "Transmission of Japanese encephalitis virus in Culex pseudovishnui & C. ...
Tom Solomon (neurologist)
... which studies encephalitis (inflammation and swelling of the brain), particularly Japanese encephalitis, enterovirus 71 and ... Solomon, Tom (2008). "A cohort study to assess the new WHO Japanese encephalitis surveillance standards". Bulletin of the World ... To mark the first World Encephalitis Day, creation of the Encephalitis Society, he initiated the "World's Biggest Brain", ... also studying malaria in Mozambique. His Ph.D. was for studies on Central nervous system infections in Vietnam ...
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
Hemachudha T, Griffin DE, Johnson RT, Giffels JJ (January 1988). "Immunologic studies of patients with chronic encephalitis ... The majority of the studies that correlate vaccination with ADEM onset use small samples or case studies. ... July 1999). "Encephalitis after hepatitis B vaccination: recurrent disseminated encephalitis or MS?". Neurology. 53 (2): 396- ... This same study found one subject, a 71-year-old man who had not responded to steroids, that responded to an IVIg treatment 58 ...
Studies have shown there is a memory advantage for information encoded with reference to the self. Somatic markers, that is ... The anteriograde retrieval ability of a patient with amnesia due to encephalitis. Neuropsychologia, 21, 213-234 Evans, J., ... This is shown through study of individuals with neurological impairments that make it impossible to recollect trait-related ... A case study of retrograde amnesia. Brain and Cognition, 8, 3-20 Klein, S. B., & Loftus, J. (1993). The mental representation ...
... according to a 2006 study), type 1 diabetes mellitus, Sjogren's syndrome, anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis and Devic's ... For CNS diseases, rituximab could be administered intrathecally and this possibility is under study. ...
Health in Nepal
"A case control study on risk factors associated with malnutrition in Dolpa district of Nepal". Retrieved 2016-09-11. Policy - ... Neonatal and maternal tetanus was already eliminated on 2005 and Japanese encephalitis is in control status. Measles case based ... Results from the 2007 Integrated Bio-Behavioral Surveillance Study (IBBS) among IDUs in Kathmandu, Pokhara, and East and West ... "Saano Dumre Revisited: Changing Models of Illness in a Village of Central Nepal." Contributions to Nepalese Studies 28(2): 155- ...
... according to a 2006 study), type 1 diabetes mellitus, Sjogren's syndrome, anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis and Devic's ... Kriston, Levente (2009). "Challenges in Reporting Meta-analyses of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies". Annals of Internal Medicine. ... For CNS diseases, rituximab could be administered intrathecally and this possibility is under study. ...
The early European studies of what is now known as Lyme disease described its skin manifestations. The first study dates to ... Lindgren E, Gustafson R (July 2001). "Tick-borne encephalitis in Sweden and climate change". Lancet. 358 (9275): 16-8. doi: ... The evolutionary history of Borrelia burgdorferi genetics has been the subject of recent studies. One study has found that ... Immunological studies. Exposure to the Borrelia bacterium during Lyme disease possibly causes a long-lived and damaging ...
The study of the epidemiology of Lassa fever is complicated by a lengthy incubation period, which may be up to three weeks. ... Encephalitis. *Meningitis. *Unilateral or bilateral hearing loss, observed in up to one third of adults, which becomes ... No study has proven presence in breast milk, but the high level of viremia suggests it may be possible. ... where military biologists study infectious diseases, have a promising vaccine candidate. They have developed a replication- ...
Hill, John E. (2009). Through the Jade Gate to Rome: A Study of the Silk Routes during the Later Han Dynasty, First to Second ... Gorakhpur Japanese encephalitis (2017). *Saudi Arabian MERS (2018). *Kerala Nipah virus (2018) ... See also: Hill, John E. (2009). Through the Jade Gate to Rome: A Study of the Silk Routes during the Later Han Dynasty, First ...
Since this vaccine was associated with a higher incidence of encephalitis, FNV was not recommended after 1961. Vaccine 17D is ... a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". The Lancet. 388 (10053): 1459-1544. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736( ...
Small-scale studies tended to show a negative relationship between diversity and invasion, while large-scale studies tended to ... 1999). "Origin of the West Nile virus responsible for an outbreak of encephalitis in the northeastern United States". Science. ... Much of the study of invasive species has been influenced by Charles Elton's 1958 book The Ecology of Invasion by Animals and ... A recent (2006) study in the South Island has shown that even domestic cats with a ready supply of food from their owners may ...
Toxoplasma gondii - Viquipèdia, l'enciclopèdia lliure
An R, Tang Y, Chen L, Cai H, et al «Encephalitis is mediated by ROP18 of Toxoplasma gondii, a severe pathogen in AIDS patients ... Sroka J, Wójcik-Fatla A, Zwoliński J, Zajac V, et al «Preliminary study on the occurrence of Toxoplasma gondii in Ixodes ... An Autopsy Study» (en anglès). Ann Indian Acad Neurol, 2018 Abr-Jun; 21 (2), pp: 161-163. DOI: 10.4103/aian.AIAN_387_17. PMC: ... pros and cons of the Toxoplasma-human model in studying the manipulation hypothesis» (en anglès). J Exp Biol, 2013 Gen 1; 216 ( ...
Arbovirus encephalitis. Orthomyxoviridae (probable) Encephalitis lethargica. RV Rabies. Chandipura virus. Herpesviral ... Several studies since 2000 have suggested that the virus is also linked to colorectal cancer, as JCV has been found in ... Encephalitis/. meningitis. DNA virus. JCV Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. RNA virus. MeV Subacute sclerosing ...
ଜଳାତଙ୍କ - ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ
Tintinalli, Judith E. (2010). Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide (Emergency Medicine (Tintinalli)). McGraw-Hill. ... ବିଭିନ୍ନ ପ୍ରକାରର ଭୁତାଣୁଦ୍ୱାରା ହେଉଥିବା ଏନ୍କେଫାଲାଇଟିସ୍ (encephalitis) ରୋଗ ସାଥିରେ ନିର୍ଣ୍ଣୟ ଦ୍ୱନ୍ଦ ହୁଏ ।. ସାଧାରଣ ଲାଇଟ ... a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010". Lancet. 380 (9859): 2095-128. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12) ...
Index of HIV/AIDS-related articles
... dose-ranging study - dose-response relationship - double-blind study - drug resistance - drug-drug interaction - DSMB - Duffy ... efficacy - empirical - encephalitis - end-stage disease - endemic - endogenous - endoscopy - endotoxin - endpoint - enteric - ... wasting syndrome - Western blot - white blood cells - wild-type virus - window period - Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) - ... natural history study - natural killer cells (NK cells) - NCI - New Drug Application - nebulized - Nef - neoplasm - nephrotoxic ...
White blood cell
Infectious diseases - viral (AIDS, SARS, West Nile encephalitis, hepatitis, herpes, measles, others), bacterial (TB, typhoid, ... they are difficult to study. They can be recognized by several coarse, dark violet granules, giving them a blue hue. The ...
Studies of retroviruses led to the first demonstrated synthesis of DNA from RNA templates, a fundamental mode for transferring ... Retroviral mutations can be developed to make transgenic mouse models to study various cancers and their metastatic models. ...
Eastern equine encephalitis, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, Western equine encephalitis Eastern equine encephalitis virus, ... An April 2020 study published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society Part B found that increased virus spillover events from ... Saint Louis encephalitis Saint Louis encephalitis virus birds mosquito bite Severe acute respiratory syndrome SARS coronavirus ... Japanese encephalitis Japanese encephalitis virus pigs, water birds mosquito bite Kyasanur Forest disease Kyasanur Forest ...
For the Japanese encephalitis virus, blockade of CLEC5A cannot inhibit infection of neurons and astrocytes, however anti-CLEC5A ... "New genetic associations detected in a host response study to hepatitis B vaccine". Genes and Immunity. 11 (3): 232-8. doi ... The researchers discovered that Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) also binds to CLEC5A and contributes to viral pathology. ...
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
A 2016 review found the evidence inconclusive and noted that differences in study design make it difficult to compare studies, ... Encephalitis *Viral encephalitis. *Herpesviral encephalitis. *Limbic encephalitis. *Encephalitis lethargica. *Cavernous sinus ... One study found that NIV is ineffective for people with poor bulbar function while another suggested that it may provide a ... Two small studies have shown that people with isolated bulbar ALS may live longer than people with bulbar-onset ALS. ...
Hand, foot, and mouth disease
Preliminary studies have shown inhibitors of the EV-71 viral capsid to have potent antiviral activity. Kaminska, K; Martinetti ... Rarely viral meningitis or encephalitis may complicate the disease. HFMD occurs in all areas of the world. It often occurs in ... Other serious complications of HFMD include encephalitis (swelling of the brain), or flaccid paralysis in rare circumstances. ... Most cases of the disease are relatively harmless, but complications including encephalitis, meningitis, and paralysis that ...
A study from the N.I.H. found that sleep is dramatically impaired by allergic symptoms and that the degree of impairment is ... Encephalitis *Viral encephalitis. *Herpesviral encephalitis. *Limbic encephalitis. *Encephalitis lethargica. *Cavernous sinus ... Hypnotherapy has been studied in the treatment of sleep disorders in both adults and children. ... In one particular study, participants (18 years or older) who had experienced acute or chronic sleep disorders were put in a ...
Progressive supranuclear palsy
Two studies have suggested that rivastigmine may help with cognitive aspects, but the authors of both studies have suggested a ... Encephalitis *Viral encephalitis. *Herpesviral encephalitis. *Limbic encephalitis. *Encephalitis lethargica. *Cavernous sinus ... Amano N, Iwabuchi K, Yokoi S, Yagishita S, Itoh Y, Saitoh A, Nagatomo H, Matsushita M (January 1989). "[The reappraisal study ... A clinicopathological study". Brain. 120 (Pt 1): 65-74. doi:10.1093/brain/120.1.65. PMID 9055798.. ...
a b Time Lines of Infection and Disease in Human Influenza: A Review of Volunteer Challenge Studies Archived 13 June 2012 at ... Encephalitis is a rare but not unheard of, and can occur in the elderly and present as confusion and slurred speech. ... In almost all studies, participants were individually confined for 1 week ..." See especially Figure 5 which shows that virus ... The mechanisms by which influenza infection causes symptoms in humans have been studied intensively. One of the mechanisms is ...
Frontal lobe epilepsy
In a recent study, the mean subject age with frontal lobe epilepsy was 28.5 years old, and the average age of epilepsy onset ... On occasion encephalitis can cause frontal lobe seizures but it is most often associated with temporal lobe affliction. The ... However, the Johns Hopkins study showed that in a particular 2 year timeframe only 0.2% of fatal crashes occurred as a result ... a European cohort study". Epilepsia. 45 (6): 667-72. doi:10.1111/j.0013-9580.2004.33903.x. PMID 15144432.. ...
Studies in animals using passive immunotherapy have been effective, and clinical studies using passive immunotherapy in those ... Arbovirus encephalitides: Tick-borne encephalitis *TBEV. *Powassan encephalitis *POWV. *Viral hemorrhagic fevers: Omsk ... Viral replication is highly cytopathic, but susceptible to type-I and -II interferon. In vivo, in studies using living ... August 2012). "Long-term chikungunya infection clinical manifestations after an outbreak in Italy: a prognostic cohort study". ...
Tap water Iontophoresis as a treatment for palmoplantar hyperhidrosis was originally described in the 1950s. Studies showed ...
Kasutaja:Mariina/Lapseea aktiivsus- ja tähelepanuhäire - Vikipeedia
Letargiline entsefaliit (ladina keeles encephalitis letargica; Encephalitis lethargica sive epidemica; EL) ehk von Economo- ... voiding the study. So, I would hope that this study is not referenced as the proof that ADHD is an actual disease. While the ... Joseph R. Berger, Joel A. Vilensky, Chapter 37 - Encephalitis lethargica (von Economo's encephalitis), Handbook of Clinical ... Association for Research in Nervous and Mental Disease, Acute epidemic encephalitis (lethargic encephalitis) : an investigation ...
Succinic acid has been studied, and shown effective for both Leigh syndrome, and MELAS syndrome. A high-fat, low- ... and some forms of encephalitis. Perinatal asphyxia can cause bilateral ganglial lesions and damage to the thalamus, which are ... Genealogic studies suggest that the responsible mutation was introduced to the region by early European settlers. ...
... which a few studies suggest are present 5-22% of the time). Furthermore, an abnormal neuroimaging study indicates a high ... and encephalitis or meningitis. ... A study in young adults (18-34) on transitioning to adulthood ... When abnormal, the neuroimaging study can suggest the timing of the initial damage. The CT or MRI is also capable of revealing ... Women with CP reported higher levels of spasticity and urinary incontinence during menstruation in a study. Men with CP have ...
Generally, the discovery of parasites in ancient humans relies on the study of feces and other fossilized material. The ... causes Granulomatous amoebic encephalitis Cryptosporidium: causes Cryptosporidiosis Cyclospora: causes Cyclosporiasis Naegleria ...
... 's fundamental studies were in pediatric endocrinology, however in his earlier works there are other topics in the ... über Encephalitis periaxialis diffusa)". Zeitschrift für Neurologie, Berlin. 10 (1). Scholz, W. (1925). "Klinische, ... Andrea Prader participated in a research effort of a collective of scientists headed by Guido Fanconi that studied and ...
Respiratory syncytial virus vaccine
A 2019 paper claimed that research toward developing a vaccine has advanced greatly over the past 10 years. The same study ...
THE STUDY OF EPIDEMIC ENCEPHALITIS | Science
Experts Report Growing Case Studies Of Coronavirus-Linked Encephalitis - Flipboard
Ava Easton, CEO of the Encephalitis Society, said.Encephalitis brain inflammation is being linked more and more to cases of ... And experts say encephalitis is easy to spot with clinical tests like MRI and spinal taps.COVID patients, because they have so ... exactly how many COVID patients are impacted by encephalitis. One San Francisco expert who specializes in neurology and ... COVID-19 in patients of all ages.Encephalitis has a high death rate. Unfortunately, in many of those who survived the ...
Current vaccines might not protect against emerging Japanese encephalitis strain: study - Xinhua | English.news.cn
Current vaccines might not protect against emerging Japanese encephalitis strain: study Source: Xinhua 2016-05-04 03:19:41 ... In the new study, published in the U.S. journal PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, Guodong Liang and colleagues from the Chinese ... In the new study, published in the U.S. journal PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, Guodong Liang and colleagues from the Chinese ... Japanese Encephalitis virus can be separated into five genotypes, namely G1 to G5. Strain G5 was originally isolated from a ...
West Nile Virus (WNV) Infection and Encephalitis (WNE) Workup: Laboratory Studies, Imaging Studies, Procedures
... western equine encephalitis, eastern equine encephalitis [EEE], Japanese encephalitis, Venezuelan encephalitis) based on its ... is distinguished from other arthropod-borne causes of viral encephalitis (eg, ... West Nile encephalitis (WNE), or neuroinvasive West Nile virus (WNV) infection, ... Imaging Studies. Imaging studies may be helpful, especially during the early phases of an evaluation. It may facilitate ...
Study of Live Attenuated ChimeriVax™-Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Study of Live Attenuated ChimeriVax™-Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... Encephalitis, Japanese. Encephalitis. Brain Diseases. Central Nervous System Diseases. Nervous System Diseases. Encephalitis, ... including Japanese encephalitis, tick-borne encephalitis, St Louis encephalitis, West Nile virus, dengue fever, Murray Valley ... Japanese Encephalitis Biological: Live attenuated Japanese encephalitis virus Biological: ChimeriVax™ diluent (Placebo) Phase 2 ...
Herpes Encephalitis: Controlled Studies | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of Physicians
Herpes Encephalitis: Controlled Studies M. S. HIRSCH, M.D.; M. LEVIN, M.D.; L. T. CHIEN, M.D. ... again points out the need for a randomized controlled study on the chemotherapy of herpes simplex encephalitis. Similar ... Herpes Encephalitis: Controlled Studies. Ann Intern Med. 1973;78:779. doi: https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-78-5-779_1 ... We are presently carrying out two controlled randomized multicenter studies on the role of treatment with idoxuridine or ...
When the Body Attacks the Brain: Immune System Often to Blame for Encephalitis, Study Finds
Encephalitis caused by the immune system attacking the brain is similar in frequency to encephalitis from infections, Mayo ... but this study shows autoimmune encephalitis is an equally common cause.. "The results of our study suggest that doctors ... "Our study showed that clinicians are now detecting more cases of autoimmune encephalitis than they were in the past because of ... One study limitation is that the diagnostic criteria for autoimmune and infectious causes of encephalitis differed, which could ...
Powassan encephalitis | Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies
Powassan encephalitis can cause serious central nervous system disruption, with a 10-15% fatality rate in reported cases, and ... New study identifies bird species that could spread ticks and Lyme disease January 26, 2021. ... Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies , Millbrook, New York 12545 , Tel (845) 677-5343 ...
Study: Eastern encephalitis rising in Mass.
A study on eastern equine encephalitis shows the number of people in Massachusetts who have contracted the mosquito-borne virus ... Study: Eastern encephalitis rising in Mass.. Nine have contraced EEE since 2006. Share ... A study on eastern equine encephalitis shows the number of people in Massachusetts who have contracted the mosquito-borne virus ... A study on eastern equine encephalitis shows the number of people in Massachusetts who have contracted the mosquito-borne virus ...
Studies in the development of Japanese encephalitis vaccine: expression of virus envelope glycoprotein V3 (E) gene in yeast
Ecologic Studies of Japanese Encephalitis Virus in Japan | The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
The studies which follow represent an attempt to elucidate the mechanism by which epidemics of Japanese encephalitis (JE) occur ... The human epidemics of encephalitis which occur yearly in Japan during August and September are caused by a virus with a ... Ecologic Studies of Japanese Encephalitis Virus in Japan I. Introduction * W. F. Scherer, E. L. Buescher* ... The studies which follow represent an attempt to elucidate the mechanism by which epidemics of Japanese encephalitis (JE) occur ...
Ecologic Studies of Japanese Encephalitis Virus in Japan | The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Treatment and prognostic factors for long-term outcome in patients with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis: an observational...
doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(12)70310-1. Epub 2013 Jan 3. Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural ... In this multi-institutional observational study, we tested for the presence of NMDAR antibodies in serum or CSF samples of ... Antibody mediated encephalitis. [J Neurol. 2013]. *Prevalence and treatment of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis. [Lancet Neurol ... Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis/cerebrospinal fluid. *Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis/diagnosis ...
NYU Study Reveals How Brain's Immune System Fights Viral Encephalitis ( New York University biologists have unc...)
Study,Reveals,How,Brains,Immune,System,Fights,Viral,Encephalitis,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest ... The study was also conducted at NYU by a post-doctoral fellow Mark T...Recently the West Nile virus has been responsible for a ... Study Links Ebola Outbreaks To Animal Carcasses. 6. Breakthrough Microarray-based Technology for the Study of Cancer. 7. Study ... NYU Study Reveals How Brains Immune System Fights Viral Encephalitis. New York University biologists have uncovered how the ...
Role of Apoptosis in Rabies Viral Encephalitis: A Comparative Study in Mice, Canine, and Human Brain with a Review of Literature
... and clinical studies in all areas of pathology. ... Role of Apoptosis in Rabies Viral Encephalitis: A Comparative ... M. S. Suja, Anita Mahadevan, S. N. Madhusudana, and S. K. Shankar, "Role of Apoptosis in Rabies Viral Encephalitis: A ... Study in Mice, Canine, and Human Brain with a Review of Literature. M. S. Suja,1 Anita Mahadevan,1 S. N. Madhusudana,2 and S. K ... Comparative Study in Mice, Canine, and Human Brain with a Review of Literature," Pathology Research International, vol. 2011, ...
Post-licensure, phase IV, safety study of a live attenuated Japanese encephalitis recombinant vaccine in children in Thailand. ...
Clinical Trial, Phase IV; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Govt ... Our study did not identify any new safety concerns with JE-CV and confirms its good safety profile. This study was registered ... Post-licensure, phase IV, safety study of a live attenuated Japanese encephalitis recombinant vaccine in children in Thailand. ... Japanese encephalitis is a mosquito-borne viral disease endemic in most countries in Asia. A recombinant live, attenuated ...
Shape relatedness between geographic populations of Culex tritaeniorhynchus, the primary vector of Japanese encephalitis virus:...
A landmark study Infect Genet Evol. 2021 Jun;90:104764. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2021.104764. Epub 2021 Feb 11. ... Background: Japanese encephalitis is a severe disease of acute encephalitis, with children and the elderly primarily affected, ... Shape relatedness between geographic populations of Culex tritaeniorhynchus, the primary vector of Japanese encephalitis virus ...
Frontiers | Clinical Features and Gut Microbial Alterations in Anti-leucine-rich Glioma-Inactivated 1 Encephalitis-A Pilot...
LGI1 encephalitis. Fifteen patients newly diagnosed with anti-LGI1 encephalitis were recruited in the study prior to the ... Fifteen patients newly diagnosed with anti-LGI1 encephalitis were recruited in the study prior to the administration of ... further studies are warranted to explore the relationships between gut microbiota and anti-LGI1 encephalitis. ... At the phylum level, anti-LGI1 encephalitis patients exhibited a higher abundance of Proteobacteria and a lower abundance of ...
Study finds ticks linked to Encephalitis in NYS | Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies
A recent study shows a link between a certain type of tick and a rare illness. The report shows the virus is on the rise in ... Study finds ticks linked to Encephalitis in NYS. Tuesday, July 16, 2013 from WAMC. Allison Dunne ... A recent study shows a link between a certain type of tick and a rare illness. The report shows the virus is on the rise in ... He is one of the authors of a paper about ticks linked to encephalitis in New York State. Heres why he and other scientists ...
A DNA Immunization Model Study with Constructs Expressing the Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus Envelope Protein E in Different...
A DNA Immunization Model Study with Constructs Expressing the Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus Envelope Protein E in Different ... A DNA Immunization Model Study with Constructs Expressing the Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus Envelope Protein E in Different ... A DNA Immunization Model Study with Constructs Expressing the Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus Envelope Protein E in Different ... A DNA Immunization Model Study with Constructs Expressing the Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus Envelope Protein E in Different ...
A Study of Japanese Encephalitis Chimeric Virus Vaccine Compared With SA14-14-2 Vaccine in Infants and Toddlers
... clinicaltrials.gov The purpose of this study is to compare a single dose of Japanese encephalitis (JE) chimeric virus vaccine ( ... Encephalitis, Japanese. A mosquito-borne encephalitis caused by the Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE ... These include Japanese encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE), St. Louis encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, ST ... Encephalitis Virus, St. Louis. A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, ...
The Movement disorder associated with NMDAR antibody-encephalitis is complex and characteristic: an expert video-rating study |...
Toxoplasmic Encephalitis in Patients With the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Members of the ACTG 077p/ANRS 009 Study Team
Oral clindamycin and pyrimethamine are an effective treatment for toxoplasmic encephalitis. Patients who have early neurologic ... Toxoplasmic Encephalitis in Patients With the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Members of the ACTG 077p/ANRS 009 Study Team ... We studied the course of patients treated for acute toxoplasmic encephalitis and evaluated objective clinical criteria for this ... Background: In patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), toxoplasmic encephalitis is usually a presumptive ...
Long-Term Prognosis in Tick-Borne Encephalitis - A 10-Year Follow-Up Study in Patients with a Myelitic Course of Disease |...
A 10-Year Follow-Up Study in Patients with a Myelitic Course of Disease Abstract. ... Long-Term Prognosis in Tick-Borne Encephalitis - A 10-Year Follow-Up Study in Patients with a Myelitic Course of Disease. ... Citation: Kaiser R (2014) Long-Term Prognosis in Tick-Borne Encephalitis - A 10- Year Follow-Up Study in Patients with a ... Therefore, the objective of the prospective study on hand was to follow up on such patients over a period of 10 years. ...
Recombinant subviral particles from tick-borne encephalitis virus are fusogenic and provide a model system for studying...
Recombinant subviral particles from tick-borne encephalitis virus are fusogenic and provide a model system for studying ... Recombinant subviral particles from tick-borne encephalitis virus are fusogenic and provide a model system for studying ... Recombinant subviral particles from tick-borne encephalitis virus are fusogenic and provide a model system for studying ... Recombinant subviral particles from tick-borne encephalitis virus are fusogenic and provide a model system for studying ...
Sea bass encephalitis virus diagnosis, pathogenetic studies, geographic spread and control of the disease Encefalopatia...
Sea bass encephalitis virus diagnosis, pathogenetic studies, geographic spread and control of the disease Encefalopatia- ... Sea bass encephalitis virus diagnosis, pathogenetic studies, geographic spread and control of the disease. Biologia Marina ... Sea bass encephalitis virus diagnosis, pathogenetic studies, geographic spread and control of the disease Encefalopatia- ... Sea bass encephalitis virus diagnosis, pathogenetic studies, geographic spread and control of the disease Encefalopatia- ...
Vaccine Study for Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus (TBEV) - CheckOrphan
Tick-borne Encephalitis and Borrelial Antibodies in Serum Vaccine Study for Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus (TBEV) Safety of and ... Humoral Response to Tick-borne Encephalitis Vaccine in Elderly New Study - Humoral Response to Tick-borne Encephalitis Vaccine ... Vaccine Study for Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus (TBEV). Official Title. A Phase II, Open Label Trial of a Vaccine (FSME-IMMUN ... Vaccine Study for Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus (TBEV). March 6, 2020. checkorphan ...
Herpes simplex encephalitis is linked with selective mitochondrial damage; a post-mortem and in vitro study - Zurich Open...
Herpes simplex encephalitis is linked with selective mitochondrial damage; a post-mortem and in vitro study ZORA Maintenance. ... Minocycline has not been studied in HSV infection. In the first genome-wide transcriptomic study of post-mortem human HSE brain ... Minocycline has not been studied in HSV infection. In the first genome-wide transcriptomic study of post-mortem human HSE brain ... Herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) encephalitis (HSE) is the most commonly diagnosed cause of viral encephalitis in western ...
Studies in the experimental pathology of louping-ill encephalitis
... Download. DohertyPC_1970redux.pdf (24.48Mb) ... The perivascular cuff was studied intensively in moribund sheep. Histologically most constituents of the cuff appeared to be of ... Aspects of the pathogenesis and neuropathology of louping-ill encephalitis have been investigated in rodents and sheep. In ...
Toxoplasma encephalitis in HIV/AIDS patients admitted to the Douala general hospital between 2004 and 2009: a cross sectional...
We carried out a cross sectional study on the clinical case notes of adult patients admitted and treated for TE at the Douala ... Of 672 patients admitted during the study period, 14.4% (97/672) had TE. The mean age was 36.9 ± 14.1 years and the median CD4 ... Toxoplasma encephalitis is common among AIDS patients in Douala. Its high case fatality warrants adequate and compliant ... Toxoplasma encephalitis (TE), which occurs as a reactivation of quiescent chronic infection, is one of the leading causes of ...
ViralLimbic encephalitisAbstractPrevention of Japanese encephalitisDiagnosisAntibodiesClinicalVaccineHerpes EncephalitisAcute encephalitis syndromeNeurologicalPatients with anti-NMDAR encephalitisCerebrospinal fluidAntibody-encephalitis20192017OutbreaksPrognosisEndemicMETHODSNeurologicMeningoencephalitisAnti-NMDA receptorCommon autoimmune encephalitisJapaneseMeningitisHumansBrainAdultsSerumInfectiousSyndromeEastern equine encepNeurologyInflammationTick-borneSeizuresNMDA EncephalitisLouis EncephalitisCauses encephalitisBrainstem encephalitisChildhood encephalitisParaneoplasticPaediatricIndiaDisease100,000 peopleIncidenceImmunizationPathogenesisSymptomsCasesOutcomesAntiviralParasites and Vectors
- West Nile encephalitis (WNE), as with many viral illnesses, may feature mild leukopenia. (medscape.com)
- WASHINGTON, May 3 (Xinhua) -- Current vaccines may fail to protect individuals against an emerging strain of the Japanese encephalitis virus, the leading cause of viral encephalitis in Asia, Chinese researchers said Tuesday. (xinhuanet.com)
- NYU Study Reveals How Brain's Immune System Fights Viral Encephalitis ( New York University biologists have unc. (bio-medicine.org)
- The study was also conducted at NYU by a post-doctoral fellow Mark T...Recently the West Nile virus has been responsible for a viral encepha. (bio-medicine.org)
- The findings, published as the cover study in the latest issue of Virology, show that proteins in neurons fight the virus at multiple stages--by preventing the formation of viral RNA and proteins, and blocking the virus' release, which could infect other cells in the brain. (bio-medicine.org)
- Recently, the West Nile virus has been responsible for a viral encephalitis outbreak in the northeast. (bio-medicine.org)
- The NYU researchers set out to determine how the body can fight viral encephalitis. (bio-medicine.org)
- Japanese encephalitis is a mosquito-borne viral disease endemic in most countries in Asia. (nih.gov)
- Tick-borne encephalitis virus RSPs thus represent an excellent model system for investigating the structural basis of viral envelope glycoprotein functions. (asm.org)
- Herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) encephalitis (HSE) is the most commonly diagnosed cause of viral encephalitis in western countries. (uzh.ch)
- With a run time of about an hour, the comprehensive ME Panel requires only 200 µl of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to test simultaneously for 16 different bacterial, viral, and fungal pathogens known to cause community-acquired meningitis and encephalitis. (technologynetworks.com)
- the most reliable predictors of bacterial infections in patients with meningitis and/or encephalitis, only mononuclear cell counts predicted viral infections. (biomedcentral.com)
- Moreover, these studies are directed towards the diagnosis of bacterial and/or viral meningitis which is often associated with more impressive and seminal clinical signs and symptoms than infectious encephalitis. (biomedcentral.com)
- An outbreak of viral encephalitis occurred in northern India in 2006. (cdc.gov)
- Acute viral encephalitis is caused by a wide range of viruses and can occur either in sporadic episodes or in outbreaks. (cdc.gov)
- An outbreak of viral encephalitis was reported from April through October 2006 from predominantly Gorakhpur and 5 adjoining districts of eastern Uttar Pradesh (Maharajganj, Kushinagar, Sant Kabir Nagar, Siddharthnagar, and Deoria) and 2 adjoining districts of Bihar (Gopalganj and West Champaran), locations where Japanese encephalitis (JE) is known to be endemic in India. (cdc.gov)
- According to state government health services records, 1,912 cases of viral encephalitis occurred in these areas, and 411 (21.5%) patients died. (cdc.gov)
- However, on brain MRI performed upon suspicion of neurologic involvement, RSV encephalitis is not infrequently observed among the abnormal MR findings and may mimic other viral and limbic encephalitis. (elsevier.com)
- The participants enrolled in the study included 27 with anti-NMDAR encephalitis, 11 with viral meningoencephalitis, and 22 controls. (frontiersin.org)
- Japanes encephalitis is a deadly viral disease that kills approximately 10,000 people each year. (homeopathyplus.com)
- While lesser known, anti-NMDA encephalitis is more common than viral encephalitis in young people, and women are four times more likely to develop the syndrome. (scoop.it)
- Japanese encephalitis virus is a leading cause of viral encephalitis in Asia and. (beastphysique.com)
- Japanese encephalitis is a type of viral brain infection that is spread through. (beastphysique.com)
- Japanese encephalitis, one of the mosquito-borne viral infections, is primarily. (beastphysique.com)
- Japanese encephalitis (JE) is the leading cause of viral encephalitis through large parts of Asia with temperate and subtropical or tropical climate. (openparasitologyjournal.com)
- It is thought that this viral encephalitis is the result of multiple pathophysiologic pathways. (wikidoc.org)
- Japanese encephalitis is a mosquito borne viral disease associated with inflammation of the brain. (medindia.net)
- EEE was first recognized in Massachusetts, United States, in 1831, when 75 horses died mysteriously of viral encephalitis. (wikipedia.org)
- No major association of breast-feeding, vaccinations, and childhood viral diseases with early islet autoimmunity in the German BABYDIAB Study. (diabetesjournals.org)
- The aim of this study was to assess the influence of breast-feeding, vaccinations, and childhood viral diseases on the initiation of islet autoimmunity in early childhood. (diabetesjournals.org)
- Antibodies against leucine-rich glioma-inactivated 1 (anti-LGI1) result in a subtype of AE, and define the most frequent cause of autoimmune limbic encephalitis (ALE) ( 2 , 3 ). (frontiersin.org)
- The term 'limbic encephalitis' (LE) describes the condition when limbic areas of the brain are inflamed (swollen) and consequently not functioning properly. (encephalitis.info)
- The imaging findings were suggestive of patterns of rhombenmesencephalitis, encephalitis with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, and limbic encephalitis. (elsevier.com)
- The authors report an autopsied patient with limbic encephalitis and recurrent thymoma. (elsevier.com)
- Of these, two had a phenotype consistent with limbic encephalitis. (sdu.dk)
- In contrast to seropositive anti-VGKC-complex patients, all anti-LGI1-positive patients presented with a classical limbic encephalitis. (sdu.dk)
- abstract = "From 1997-1998, we investigated the possible continuous circulation of epizootic Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) virus suggested by a 1983 subtype IC interepizootic mosquito isolate made in Panaquire, Miranda State, Venezuela. (utmb.edu)
- abstract = "A case of herpes simplex encephalitis was investigated at the ultrastructural level. (elsevier.com)
Prevention of Japanese encephalitis3
- A recombinant live, attenuated Japanese encephalitis virus vaccine, JE-CV, is licensed in 14 countries, including Thailand, for the prevention of Japanese encephalitis in adults and children. (nih.gov)
- Homeopaths and government agencies in affected areas have traditionally used homeopathic belladonna for the treatment and prevention of Japanese encephalitis  and a 2010 study published in the American Journal of Infectious Diseases demonstrated its protective effects in the lab. (homeopathyplus.com)
- This report updates the 2010 recommendations from the CDC Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) regarding prevention of Japanese encephalitis (JE) among U.S. travelers and laboratory workers (Fischer M, Lindsey N, Staples JE, Hills S. Japanese encephalitis vaccines: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). (cdc.gov)
- In patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), toxoplasmic encephalitis is usually a presumptive diagnosis based on the clinical manifestations, a positive antitoxoplasma-antibody titer, and characteristic neuroradiologic abnormalities. (nih.gov)
- We studied the course of patients treated for acute toxoplasmic encephalitis and evaluated objective clinical criteria for this empirical diagnosis. (nih.gov)
- The day is aimed at all medical, rehab and educational professionals to understand more about the diagnosis of Childhood Encephalitis, its impact and rehabilitation. (braininjuryhub.co.uk)
- The focus of the day is to consider the impact of early diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of children with encephalitis and the longer-term impact for the child and family from a medical, legal and educational perspective. (braininjuryhub.co.uk)
- Herein, we review the pathophysiology, differential diagnosis, and clinical and radiological features of herpes simplex virus-1 encephalitis in adults, including a discussion of the most common complications and their treatment. (springer.com)
- The Autoimmune Encephalitis Alliance is participating in a study to better understand the challenges AE survivors face during recovery and in the years following diagnosis. (aealliance.org)
- Because no rapid diagnostic tests for NiV infection are currently available, surveillance for NiV encephalitis in Bangladesh relies on a central laboratory in the capital (Dhaka) to confirm diagnosis several days or weeks after sample collection. (cdc.gov)
- Although anti-NMDA encephalitis is a rare diagnosis, it is commonly misdiagnosed. (scoop.it)
- Diagnosis of HSE requires combined clinical, laboratory, electroencephalographic and neuroimaging studies. (openpediatricmedicinejournal.com)
- Ninety three randomly selected patients with a diagnosis of undifferentiated fever from whom paired sera could be collected and 32 patients suspected of encephalitis, which were not overtly due to mumps, measles or chicken-pox were included. (ac.lk)
- In this multi-institutional observational study, we tested for the presence of NMDAR antibodies in serum or CSF samples of patients with encephalitis between Jan 1, 2007, and Jan 1, 2012. (nih.gov)
- Autoimmune encephalitis (AE) is a group of immune-mediated inflammatory neurological diseases with antibodies against synaptic receptors, intracellular antigens, ion channels, or other neuronal cell-surface proteins ( 1 , 2 ). (frontiersin.org)
- Plasmid DNA launches live-attenuated Japanese encephalitis virus and elicits virus-neutralizing antibodies in BALB/c mice. (bioportfolio.com)
- The results of this study shed new light on the nanoscopic processes by which patients' antibodies can alter the function of a targeted protein, opening a new window into understanding the molecular mechanisms of autoimmune disorders. (hospitalclinic.org)
- Future studies aim to determine if other interacting partners with NMDAR could be disturbed by patients' antibodies in order to discover new potential treatment targets. (hospitalclinic.org)
- Clinicians should also be vigilant for the development of acute complications, including cerebral edema and status epilepticus, as well as chronic complications, including the development of autoimmune encephalitis associated with antibodies to the N -methyl-D-aspartate receptor and other neuronal cell surface and synaptic epitopes. (springer.com)
- Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis is an autoimmune process, in which antibodies against the NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptors are produced. (scoop.it)
- The immunoblotting study detected two types of antibodies that react with the human brain, rat brain, and rat thymus. (elsevier.com)
- BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe clinical and paraclinical characteristics of all Danish patients who tested positive for anti-voltage-gated potassium channels (VGKC)-complex, anti-leucine-rich glioma-inactivated 1 (LGI1) and anti-contactin-associated protein-2 antibodies in the serum/cerebrospinal fluid between 2009 and 2013 with follow-up interviews in 2015 and 2016. (sdu.dk)
- Pinborg, Lars H. / Autoimmune encephalitis associated with voltage-gated potassium channels-complex and leucine-rich glioma-inactivated 1 antibodies : a national cohort study . (sdu.dk)
- Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) encephalitis is a treatment-responsive inflammatory encephalopathic autoimmune disease associated with anti-NMDA receptor antibodies. (arupconsult.com)
- Eleven of 32 (34.38%) encephalitis cases had Japanese encephalitis virus infection and 3 (27.3%) had IgM antibodies to Japanese encephalitis virus in cerebrospinal fluid. (ac.lk)
- An autoimmune acute encephalitis caused by antibodies against the glutamate NMDA receptor. (fpnotebook.com)
- Venezuelan equine encephalitis-specific antibodies were detected in 5 small mammal species: Proechimys guairae, Marmosa spp. (utmb.edu)
- citation needed] The clinical features and course of the condition, the associated auto-antibodies against relevant antigens, and the response to treatment, all suggest that Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis is an autoimmune disease. (wikipedia.org)
- There is certainly overlap between Guillain-Barré syndrome, Miller Fisher syndrome and Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis, as well as other conditions associated with anti-ganglioside antibodies such as chronic ophthalmoplegia with anti-GQ1b antibody. (wikipedia.org)
- And experts say encephalitis is easy to spot with clinical tests like MRI and spinal taps. (flipboard.com)
- We investigated the clinical features and gut microbial alterations of anti-LGI1 encephalitis. (frontiersin.org)
- Our results suggest that anti-LGI1 encephalitis is characterized by special clinical features and is accompanied by alterations in specific gut microbiota. (frontiersin.org)
- A quantifiable neurologic assessment was used prospectively to evaluate the clinical outcome of patients with AIDS and toxoplasmic encephalitis who were treated with oral clindamycin (600 mg four times a day) and pyrimethamine (75 mg every day) for six weeks. (nih.gov)
- Clinical deficits do not correlate with findings in magnetic resonance tomography although they do with observations in postmortem studies. (omicsonline.org)
- We carried out a cross sectional study on the clinical case notes of adult patients admitted and treated for TE at the Douala General Hospital, Cameroon between January 1st 2004 to December 31st 2009. (biomedcentral.com)
- This was the impetus behind this hospital based study whose aim was to define the clinical and radiological features of patients with TE, determine in-hospital outcome and its associated factors. (biomedcentral.com)
- The clinical study is being conducted at numerous hospital-based clinical laboratories in the U.S. BioFire expects the FDA submission in 2015. (technologynetworks.com)
- We also hope the event will raise awareness of childhood encephalitis and share learning from clinical, educational, legal and personal experiences. (braininjuryhub.co.uk)
- Dr Yeshokumar developed an interest in taking care of patients with encephalitis in the earliest days of her clinical training and has focused her training and career on improving the management and long-term outcomes of encephalitis patients. (encephalitis.info)
- Herein, we review the clinical and radiological manifestations, diagnostic evaluation, and treatment of herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) encephalitis (HSVE), the most common infectious cause of sporadic encephalitis. (springer.com)
- We aimed to describe the clinical features and outcome of human parechovirus (HPeV) encephalitis cases identified by the Australian Childhood Encephalitis (ACE) study. (aappublications.org)
- Herein, we describe the incidence and clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of RSV-related encephalitis, a major neurological complication of RSV infection. (elsevier.com)
- The clinical implications of circulating and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) soluble CD138 (sCD138) in patients with Anti- N -methyl- D -aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis remain unclear. (frontiersin.org)
- In anti-NMDAR encephalitis patients, high circulating, and CSF sCD138 is associated with inflammation and poor clinical prognosis. (frontiersin.org)
- Japanese encephalitis (JE) causes nearly 68,000 clinical cases every year in Asia, with up to 30% deaths. (beastphysique.com)
- Clinical symptoms of anti-NMDAR encephalitis may mimic schizophrenia and psychotic spectrum disorders or substanceinduced psychosis. (drugsincontext.com)
- Goh CL, Khoo L. A retrospective study of the clinical presentation and outcome of herpes zoster in a tertiary dermatology outpatient referral clinic. (medscape.com)
- Thimerosal: Clinical, epidemiologic and biochemical studies. (educate-yourself.org)
- In the new study, published in the U.S. journal PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, Guodong Liang and colleagues from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention compared G3 and G5 viruses and tested whether the vaccine commonly used in China can protect against G5 viruses. (xinhuanet.com)
- Based on these results, we propose that the current JE (Japanese Encephalitis) vaccine derived from G3 JE virus (JEV) does not provide adequate levels of protection against the emerging G5 JEV genotype," they wrote in their paper. (xinhuanet.com)
- Our results demonstrate the need for more detailed studies to reevaluate whether or not the apparent emergence of G5 JEV can be attributed to failure of the current vaccine to induce appropriate immune protectivity against this genotype of JEV. (xinhuanet.com)
- All participants will received a single dose of study vaccine, ChimeriVax™-JE or placebo on Day 0. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Post-licensure, phase IV, safety study of a live attenuated Japanese encephalitis recombinant vaccine in children in Thailand. (nih.gov)
- This study will determine whether it is safe and effective to administer Japanese encephalitis (JE) live attenuated SA 14-14-2 vaccine at the same time as measles vaccine. (bioportfolio.com)
- We describe novel plasmid DNA that encodes the full-length Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) genomic cDNA and launches live-attenuated JEV vaccine in vitro and in vivo. (bioportfolio.com)
- Updated estimation of the impact of a Japanese encephalitis immunization program with live, attenuated SA 14-14-2 vaccine in Nepal. (bioportfolio.com)
- Vaccine Study for Tick-Borne. (checkorphan.org)
- This was an open label trial of a non-US licensed vaccine for tick-borne encephalitis. (checkorphan.org)
- The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institutes of Health acknowledge the effectiveness of the vaccine by allowing those who have received it to study tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) in isolation facilities rated at BSL-3 rather than the more stringent BSL-4, with the exception of the Russian Spring-Summer Encephalitis strain. (checkorphan.org)
- Subjects that were seropositive at entry into the study were offered a booster dose of the vaccine every 3 years from Day 0. (checkorphan.org)
- Research studies in Europe have shown the vaccine to be effective in preventing infection among the general population, where disease is transmitted either by the bite of an infected tick (most common) or by ingestion of contaminated unpasteurized milk or milk products. (checkorphan.org)
- Objectives: To test the safety and immune response to a vaccine against tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV). (checkorphan.org)
- We conducted a registry-based study to assess the risk of encephalitis after influenza and A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccine. (semanticscholar.org)
- Since there is no vaccine to prevent chikungunya and no medicine to treat it, people who are traveling to these areas should be aware of this infection and take steps to avoid mosquito bites, such as wearing repellent and long-sleeves and pants if possible," said study author Patrick Gérardin, MD, PhD, of Central University Hospital in Saint Pierre, Reunion Island. (outbreaknewstoday.com)
- JE virus, a mosquitoborne flavivirus, is the most common vaccine-preventable cause of encephalitis in Asia. (cdc.gov)
- An indigenous vaccine against Japanese encephalitis was launched on Friday by India as part of a national program to fight the virus. (medindia.net)
- HIRSCH MS, LEVIN M, CHIEN LT. Herpes Encephalitis: Controlled Studies. (annals.org)
Acute encephalitis syndrome4
- Between July 2002 and February 2003, a pilot study was undertaken to examine whether JE was a component of paediatric acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) reported to two major referral hospitals adjacent to Cuddalore, and to map the distribution of the JE cases. (unboundmedicine.com)
- Children with symptoms of Acute Encephalitis Syndrome being treated at a hospital in Muzaffarpur, Bihar on June 11, 2019. (thehindu.com)
- High temperature during summer, along with humidity more than the normal, is considered to be an ideal situation for the outbreak of Acute Encephalitis Syndrome, say doctors. (thehindu.com)
- At least 28 children have died in the last one month in Muzaffarpur district of north Bihar, allegedly due to Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES), which is locally known as Chamki bukhar (brain fever). (thehindu.com)
- Powassan encephalitis can cause serious central nervous system disruption, with a 10-15% fatality rate in reported cases, and many survivors suffering long-term neurological damage. (caryinstitute.org)
- Background Influenza is known to be associated with various neurological complications, including encephalitis. (semanticscholar.org)
- Encephalitis is a serious neurological condition and unfortunately, despite improvements in specific and more supportive treatments such as excellent intensive care management, encephalitis still has a high mortality (death) rate. (encephalitis.info)
- Results: The incidence of RSV-related encephalitis was as follows: 3/3,856 (0.08 %) of the patients are positive for RSV RNA, 3/28 (10.7 %) of the patient underwent brain MRI for neurological symptom, and 3/8 (37.5 %) of patients revealed abnormal MR findings. (elsevier.com)
- For the study, researchers looked at whether people with neurological symptoms at disease onset were still affected three years later. (outbreaknewstoday.com)
- Autoimmune encephalitis represents a group of rare and heterogeneous neurological disorders. (medifind.com)
- The investigator proposes to study and describe such neuro-ophthalmological disorders in a prospective cohort of patients with a autoimmune encephalitis, to better understand the pathophysiological basis of this neurological condition. (medifind.com)
- In March 2020, Dr. Ali A. was the first to discover the association between COVID -19 and neurological diseases e.g. encephalitis . (wikidoc.org)
- and the case fatality rate and frequency of neurological sequelae in Japanese encephalitis, in a tertiary care hospital in Gampaha. (ac.lk)
Patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis3
- Most patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis respond to immunotherapy. (nih.gov)
- Serum and CSF levels of sCD138 were significantly increased in patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis. (frontiersin.org)
- Changes in sCD138 levels were significantly associated with amelioration of modified Rankin Scale scores in patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis. (frontiersin.org)
- Poor performance of two rapid immunochromatographic assays for anti-Japanese encephalitis virus immunoglobulin M detection in cerebrospinal fluid and serum from patients with suspected Japanese encephalitis virus infection in Laos. (bioportfolio.com)
- Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analyses are recommended in patients with meningitis and/or encephalitis, but evidence regarding its diagnostic yield is low. (biomedcentral.com)
- In January 2020, Chinese doctors confirmed the first case of encephalitis due to COVID-19 in a 56 year old male and they conducted gene sequencing on cerebrospinal fluid ( CSF ) samples and confirmed the novel virus inside the brain , but it was not published. (wikidoc.org)
- NMDAR antibody encephalitis is an autoimmune disease that causes psychiatric features, confusion, memory loss and seizures followed by a movement disorder, loss of consciousness and changes in blood pressure, heart rate and temperature. (encephalitis.info)
- Coronavirus disease 2019 ( COVID-19 ) associated encephalitis is caused by SARS-CoV-2 . (wikidoc.org)
- Where NiV encephalitis outbreaks had been repeatedly identified, the Institute for Epidemiology Disease Control and Research of the Government of Bangladesh, in collaboration with icddr,b, started hospital-based encephalitis surveillance in February 2006. (cdc.gov)
- EVs are also etiologic agents of encephalitis outbreaks in humans ( 4 ). (cdc.gov)
- MERS and SARS-CoV had neurologic manifestation like encephalitis at the time of outbreaks. (wikidoc.org)
- While several studies have been published on the prognosis of the meningitic and encephalitic courses of TBE, only few data exist on the long-term prognosis of the myelitic form of TBE. (omicsonline.org)
- A new study from Kyoto University has demonstrated that stem cell transplant patients who develop HHV-6 encephalitis have a significantly poorer prognosis than those who do not develop the condition. (hhv-6foundation.org)
- The concept of HE is becoming fragmented into a number of other types of autoimmune encephalitis which appear to have their own autoantibodies, prognosis and associated features. (encephalitis.info)
- Japanese encephalitis (JE) is endemic in Cuddalore district, Tamil Nadu (TN), Southern India. (unboundmedicine.com)
- Japanese encephalitis (JE) is endemic in Sarawak. (myohun.com)
- In Japanese encephalitis (JE) endemic countries without a vaccination programme, the majority of cases occur in childhood, and the long-term. (beastphysique.com)
- Gunasekera H, Senanayake C, Mendis L, Sunil Chandra N. Japanese encephalitis virus infection in an endemic area: hospital based study 1998 to 2000. (sljol.info)
- Development of an improved RT-qPCR Assay for detection of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) RNA including a systematic review and comprehensive comparison with published methods. (bioportfolio.com)
- Cohort study of natural transmission and two methods for control of caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus infection in goats on a California dairy. (elsevier.com)
- A prospective observational cohort study of 361 dairy goat kids was conducted to compare 2 methods of controlling caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus infection under commercial dairy conditions. (elsevier.com)
- METHODS: Data were derived from in-depth, semi-structured interviews, with 15 parents of 12 children and young people affected by encephalitis. (ox.ac.uk)
- A Phase I/II Pilot Treatment Study Of CSF Penetration And Response To Ganciclovir And Foscarnet In CMV Neurologic Disease. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Although relative lymphopenia is not specific for WNE, it is a helpful diagnostic finding if present in a patient with aseptic meningitis, meningoencephalitis, or, particularly, encephalitis of unknown cause. (medscape.com)
- Meningoencephalitis was diagnosed if the criteria for meningitis and encephalitis were fulfilled. (biomedcentral.com)
- The aim of this study was to describe the cognitive and linguistic manifestations following a case of herpetic meningoencephalitis in a 13-year-old patient with eight years of schooling. (unifesp.br)
- Treatment and prognostic factors for long-term outcome in patients with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis: an observational cohort study. (nih.gov)
- Anti-NMDA receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is an autoimmune disorder in which the use of immunotherapy and the long-term outcome have not been defined. (nih.gov)
- Prevalence and treatment of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis. (nih.gov)
- We are Anti NMDA Receptor Encephalitis! (scoop.it)
- The Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitis Foundation, Inc.was established in Canada as a not-for profit-foundation on 26 October 201. (scoop.it)
- COLUMN Old doc, new disease: Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis Dr Casey Parker reflects on an intriguing presentation that made him ask: What else do I not know? (scoop.it)
- N-methyl-D-Aspartate (NMDA)-Type Glutamate Receptor Autoantibody Disorders - Anti-NMDA-Receptor Encephalitis. (arupconsult.com)
- Incidence of symptoms associated with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis as described in previous case-studies. (medscape.com)
Common autoimmune encephalitis2
- Japanese Encephalitis virus can be separated into five genotypes, namely G1 to G5. (xinhuanet.com)
- To obtain data on the antibody response to a single subcutaneous vaccination with ChimeriVax™-JE, at three dose levels, in healthy adult volunteers without prior Japanese encephalitis immunity. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Participants received ChimeriVax™-JE (Japanese Encephalitis) a dose of 3.0 log10 Plaque-forming units (PFU) on Day 0. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The studies which follow represent an attempt to elucidate the mechanism by which epidemics of Japanese encephalitis (JE) occur. (ajtmh.org)
- There were no cases of Japanese encephalitis reported. (nih.gov)
- As a member of the flavivirus genus in the family Flaviviridae, it is a close relative of yellow fever, dengue, and Japanese encephalitis virus. (jimmunol.org)
- Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a leading identified cause of encephalitis in Asia, often occurring in rural areas with poor access to laboratory diagnostics. (bioportfolio.com)
- Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a major cause of encephalitis in Asia, and the commonest cause of mosquito-borne encephalitis worldwide. (bioportfolio.com)
- Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a mosquito-borne disease that is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality in many Asian countries. (bioportfolio.com)
- Japanese encephalitis is an infectious encephalitis caused by Japanese encephalitis virus transmitted by mosquitoes, called 'Culex' mosquitoes. (encephalitis.info)
- An entomological monitoring of Japanese encephalitis vectors from the Cuddalore district, Tamil Nadu was undertaken at biweekly intervals for 1 hr after dusk for five years to find out the abundance and JE virus activity longitudinally in three villages. (pagepressjournals.org)
- While Japanese encephalitis is most common in south-east Asia, cases are reported as far afield as the Torres Strait Islands, the Pacific islands and Australia. (homeopathyplus.com)
- 1. In one example , Public Health Centres, Government Homeopathic Dispensaries, homoeopathic pharmacies, and homoeopathic doctors distributed and administered homeopathic Belladonna during a Japanese encephalitis epidemic in Southern India in 2000 . (homeopathyplus.com)
- Japanese Encephalitis on the decline in State. (homeopathyplus.com)
- The first epidemic of Japanese encephalitis studied in India--virological studies. (bvsalud.org)
- Japanese encephalitis (JE) is case study on japanese encephalitis syudy mosquito borne flaviviral encephalitis. (beastphysique.com)
- Japanese encephalitis is predominantly seen in children, however, some. (beastphysique.com)
- A comparative study year 8 english creative writing worksheets Mongolian and Japanese nurses. (beastphysique.com)
- Japanese encephalitis (JE), which is caused by infection with the JE virus. (beastphysique.com)
- Figure 2: Trend of suspected Japanese encephalitis: cases, deaths and. (beastphysique.com)
- Japanese Encephalitis Virus belonging to the family Flaviviridae, is a major cause. (beastphysique.com)
- Spatial case study on japanese encephalitis Temporal Variation of Japanese encephalitis Disease and Detection of Disease Hotspots: a Case Study of Gorakhpur District, Uttar. (beastphysique.com)
- A Descriptive Study of Japanese Encephalitis in West Bengal, India, Based on. (beastphysique.com)
- Study of Japanese Encephalitis in Chiangmai Valley, Thailand. (beastphysique.com)
- Japanese Encephalitis (JE) is a disease about which everybody must be aware of. (beastphysique.com)
- We encountered a case of a 44-year-old man who initially presented with encephalitis, which was finally diagnosed as Japanese encephalomyelitis with. (beastphysique.com)
- A retrospective study had been undertaken to analyse different forms of sequelae among 49 partly recovered JE- cases in Perambalur, a Japanese encephalitis. (beastphysique.com)
- Japanese encephalitis (JE). (beastphysique.com)
- Japanese encephalitis cases and death in. (beastphysique.com)
- Japanese encephalitis in Nepal. (beastphysique.com)
- Over half of people who survive a case of fully blown Japanese encephalitis. (beastphysique.com)
- The cases number of Japanese Encephalitis and incidence rate in. (beastphysique.com)
- A study showed Japanese encephalitis spreads just as fast in urban areas. (beastphysique.com)
- Japanese case study on japanese encephalitis risk zone mapping using remote sensing data: A case study of Mid and Far-Western ence;halitis of Nepal. (beastphysique.com)
- What is Japanese encephalitis virus and how can I avoid it when I travel? (edu.au)
- Seroepidemiological study of Japanese encephalitis in Dimapur, Nagaland. (bvsalud.org)
- A seroepidemiological study of Japanese encephalitis (JE) in Dimapur, Nagaland was carried out following an outbreak of the disease between July, 1985 and February, 1986. (bvsalud.org)
- Gampaha Deputy Provincial Director of Health Services division reported a large number of Japanese encephalitis cases during 1996 to 1997. (ac.lk)
- Proportion of undifferentiated fever cases due to Japanese encephalitis virus varies in different populations and the Sri Lankan situation is not known. (ac.lk)
- The Armed Forces Research Institute in Medical Sciences Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay for anti-Japanese encephalitis virus immunoglobulin M and G was used to confirm Japanese encephalitis virus infection. (ac.lk)
- One of 93 (1.08%) undifferentiated fever cases was due to Japanese encephalitis virus infection. (ac.lk)
- The Powassan virus is spread to people by infected ticks, and can cause central nervous system disruption, encephalitis, and meningitis. (caryinstitute.org)
- Infection of the meninges surrounding the brain and spinal cord (meningitis), or of the brain (encephalitis) can have high mortality and morbidity rates depending on the source of infection. (technologynetworks.com)
- The commencement of studies to evaluate our meningitis test is exciting since the FilmArray has the potential to make a profound impact on treating this fatal disease, where symptoms can appear suddenly and escalate quickly," said Randy Rasmussen, bioMérieux Corporate VP Molecular biology and CEO of BioFire Diagnostics. (technologynetworks.com)
- We aimed to determine predictors of infectious pathogens in the CSF of adult patients presenting with meningitis, and/or encephalitis. (biomedcentral.com)
- Consecutive patients with meningitis and/or encephalitis form 2011-17 at a Swiss academic medical care center were included in this cross-sectional study. (biomedcentral.com)
- Infectious meningitis and/or encephalitis were defined as the composite outcome. (biomedcentral.com)
- Paediatric cases were identified from the retrospective arm of the research programme 'ENCEPH-UK-Understanding and Improving the Outcome of Encephalitis', and from the prospective UK childhood meningitis and encephalitis cohort study (UK-ChiMES, 2012 to 2016). (ox.ac.uk)
- Infection by tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is a significant health concern for humans in Europe and Asia. (checkorphan.org)
- Nipah virus (NiV) is a bat-borne paramyxovirus that causes encephalitis in humans and can be transmitted from person to person, posing a global pandemic threat ( 1 - 4 ). (cdc.gov)
- However, only a small number of gamma-glutamyl amino acids have been studied although many other gamma-glutamyl compounds may have characteristics that will benefit humans. (boweleject.xyz)
- And we need to change that,' Dr. Ava Easton, CEO of the Encephalitis Society, said.Encephalitis brain inflammation is being linked more and more to cases of COVID-19 in patients of all ages. (flipboard.com)
- Brain biopsy findings exhibit diffuse encephalitis, which is nonspecific and nondiagnostic for WNE. (medscape.com)
- Newswise - ROCHESTER, Minn. - Encephalitis caused by the immune system attacking the brain is similar in frequency to encephalitis from infections, Mayo Clinic researchers report in Annals of Neurology . (newswise.com)
- Encephalitis is a term used to describe brain inflammation. (newswise.com)
- In the first genome-wide transcriptomic study of post-mortem human HSE brain tissue, we demonstrated a highly preferential reduction in mitochondrial genome (MtDNA) encoded transcripts in HSE cases (n = 3) compared to controls (n = 5). (uzh.ch)
- Herpetic brain stem encephalitis: report of an autopsied case with immunohistochemical and electron microscopy studies]. (semanticscholar.org)
- Herpes simplex encephalitis is a type of infectious encephalitis which happens when herpes simplex virus (HSV) enters the brain. (encephalitis.info)
- Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain caused by an infection or through the immune system attacking the brain in error. (encephalitis.info)
- If you are interested in helping with vital research into encephalitis and acquired brain injuries by participating in a project please see our Research Currently Recruiting page. (encephalitis.info)
- The mosquito-borne virus chikungunya may lead to severe brain infection and even death in infants and people over 65, according to a new study that reviewed a chikungunya outbreak on Reunion Island off the coast of Madagascar in 2005-2006. (outbreaknewstoday.com)
- The study showed that the rate of brain infection, or encephalitis, from the chikungunya virus is higher than the rate seen in the United States due to West Nile virus and similar infections between 1999 and 2007. (outbreaknewstoday.com)
- BACKGROUND: Encephalitis, characterised as inflammation of the brain tissue, is an important cause of acquired brain injury in children. (ox.ac.uk)
- This study may cialis wikipedia provide us with new insight into the underlying brain network topology of IBS. (boweleject.xyz)
- Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain parenchyma and it is commonly caused by viruses . (wikidoc.org)
- The study will also provide further data about the natural history of CMV brain infection detected by a combination of symptom complex and PCR identification of CMV in CSF and the potential of semi-quantitative PCR evaluation of the CSF for the disease. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Confirmations may require a sample of cerebral spinal fluid or brain tissue, although CT scans and MRI scans are used to detect encephalitis. (wikipedia.org)
- Mild elevations of serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) levels are not a feature of most arboviral encephalitides. (medscape.com)
- In addition to WNE, mild elevations of serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT)/SGPT levels in a patient with encephalitis should suggest Epstein-Barr virus, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, ehrlichiosis, HHV-6 infection, or Legionnaires disease. (medscape.com)
- Serum ferritin levels are usually elevated in WNE and not in other causes of encephalitis. (medscape.com)
- The Institute for Epidemiology Disease Control and Research and US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention tested serum with an IgM-capture enzyme immunoassay to detect NiV IgM, and we defined laboratory-confirmed NiV encephalitis as NiV IgM in serum. (cdc.gov)
- The aim of the current study was to investigate associations between serum and CSF sCD138 levels in anti-NMDAR encephalitis patients. (frontiersin.org)
- The results of our study suggest that doctors evaluating patients with encephalitis should search for autoimmune causes in addition to infectious causes, given both have a similar frequency," says Eoin Flanagan, M.B., B.Ch. , senior author of the population-based study and an autoimmune neurology specialist at Mayo Clinic. (newswise.com)
- Infection remains an important concern when evaluating patients with encephalitis, notes Michel Toledano, M.D., one of the study's co-investigators and a neuro-infectious diseases specialist. (newswise.com)
- The researchers found about 14 per 100,000 people had autoimmune encephalitis in their lifetime, compared to 12 per 100,000 who had infectious encephalitis. (newswise.com)
- One study limitation is that the diagnostic criteria for autoimmune and infectious causes of encephalitis differed, which could affect the comparison. (newswise.com)
- West Nile encephalitis is a type of infectious encephalitis caused by West Nile virus. (encephalitis.info)
- Most forms of LE fall into two main categories: infectious encephalitis and autoimmune encephalitis. (encephalitis.info)
- Infectious encephalitis was defined according to the International Encephalitis Consortium (IEC). (biomedcentral.com)
- Toxoplasmic Encephalitis in Patients With the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. (nih.gov)
- Toxoplasma encephalitis (TE) is the most frequent cause of focal central nervous system (CNS) infection complicating Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) [ 2 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- The monthly distribution of acute encephalitic syndrome cases followed the distribution of JE cases [coinciding with the rainy season in this region] suggesting encephalitis of JE origin. (unboundmedicine.com)
- The remaining phenotypes were Guillain-Barré syndrome, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, neuromyotonia and anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis. (sdu.dk)
- The presence of a tumor in patients with this form of encephalitis implies that the latter is a paraneoplastic syndrome. (fpnotebook.com)
Eastern equine encep4
- A study on eastern equine encephalitis shows the number of people in Massachusetts who have contracted the mosquito-borne virus has been rising. (wcvb.com)
- Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE), commonly called Triple E or sleeping sickness (not to be confused with African trypanosomiasis), is a disease caused by a zoonotic mosquito vectored Togavirus that is present in North, Central, and South America, and the Caribbean. (wikipedia.org)
- Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) is closely related to Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus and western equine encephalitis virus. (wikipedia.org)
- The incubation period for Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) disease ranges from 4 to 10 days. (wikipedia.org)
- The study is published in the November 25, 2015, online issue of Neurology ®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. (outbreaknewstoday.com)
- The present study suggests that sCD138 may be an informative biomarker of inflammation in anti-NMDAR encephalitis. (frontiersin.org)
- For this purpose, we used a series of plasmid constructs encoding different forms of the envelope glycoprotein E of the flavivirus tick-borne encephalitis virus. (jimmunol.org)
- Recombinant subviral particles from tick-borne encephalitis virus are fusogenic and provide a model system for studying flavivirus envelope glycoprotein functions. (asm.org)
- Recombinant subviral particles (RSPs) obtained by coexpression of the envelope (E) and premembrane (prM) proteins of tick-borne encephalitis virus in COS cells (S. L. Allison, K. Stadler, C. W. Mandl, C. Kunz, and F. X. Heinz, J. Virol. (asm.org)
- The results showed that anti-LGI1 encephalitis was characterized by cognitive impairment, faciobrachial dystonic seizures, hyponatremia, and psychiatric symptoms. (frontiersin.org)
- Symptoms including confusion, memory loss, and/or seizures occurred in all eleven patients, and HHV-6 encephalitis occurred in 8% of all transplants performed at the clinic. (hhv-6foundation.org)
- Children with HPeV encephalitis were predominantly young, female infants with seizures and diffusion restriction on MRI. (aappublications.org)
- These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "NMDA Encephalitis. (fpnotebook.com)
- St. Louis encephalitis virus infection in mice. (utmb.edu)
- Measles causes encephalitis in children with measles infection. (encephalitis.info)
- A post-mortem examined case of herpetic brainstem encephalitis is presented. (semanticscholar.org)
- Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis is a rare inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system, first described by Edwin Bickerstaff in 1951. (wikipedia.org)
- citation needed] In order to diagnose Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis, ataxia and ophthalmoplegia must be present. (wikipedia.org)
- However, each of these criteria fails to fit a substantial proportion of patients, and there is no single test or feature which is diagnostic of Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis. (wikipedia.org)
- Bickerstaff's Brainstem Encephalitis. (wikipedia.org)
- Guest speakers will deliver talks on a wide-range of topics related to childhood encephalitis from the acute stage through to treatment, support required during recovery and the long term support that may be needed. (braininjuryhub.co.uk)
- Although initially described in association with ovarian teratomas in women, anti-NMDAR encephalitis has been reported in individuals without paraneoplastic association, as well as in males. (drugsincontext.com)
- Working in collaboration with the Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust and Irwin Mitchell, we are hosting this study day aimed at primary and acute medicine, paediatricians, paediatric neurologists, therapists, rehabilitation teams, psychologists and SENCOs. (braininjuryhub.co.uk)
- Understanding parental perspectives on outcomes following paediatric encephalitis: A qualitative study. (ox.ac.uk)
- CONCLUSION: Outcomes in paediatric encephalitis need to be understood in terms of the context of the patient and family experience as well as the timeframe of recovery. (ox.ac.uk)
- A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in the paediatric and medicine units of the North Colombo Teaching Hospital, Ragama during 1998 to 2000. (ac.lk)
- A child receives medical treatment of Japan ese encephalitis at a government hospital in Dibrugarh, Assam state of India, July 23, 2014. (xinhuanet.com)
- In the Northeast, black-legged ticks that spread Lyme disease also infect people with other maladies, including anaplasmosis, babesiosis, and - according to a new paper in the journal Parasites and Vectors - Powassan encephalitis. (caryinstitute.org)
- Dr. Richard Ostfeld is a disease ecologist at the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies in Millbrook. (caryinstitute.org)
- Some lawmakers in New York are looking to protect long-term sufferers of Lyme disease and other tick-borne diseases, like encephalitis. (caryinstitute.org)
- In this study, most cases had limited awareness of the disease or currently free. (beastphysique.com)
- A five-year study on tick-borne illnesses by Rick Ostfeld, a disease ecologist at the Cary Institute, found that the number of cases of Powassan encephalitis that are spread by the black-legged tick are on the rise in parts of New York State--an area already a hotspots for Lyme disease. (nsf.gov)
- Strains of Sofin tickborne encephalitis and Kyasanur Forest disease 9605 were compared. (dtic.mil)
- A study to determine the true disease burden was considered necessary. (ac.lk)
- A new study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention looks at whether spraying yards with pesticides reduces the risk of contracting a tick-borne disease. (wamc.org)
- A total of 24 people had encephalitis that was associated with chikungunya virus, for a cumulative incidence rate of 8.6 per 100,000 people. (outbreaknewstoday.com)
- With the reported incidence of 0.83/million/year (in Netherlands in 2015), anti-LGI1 encephalitis most frequently occurs in the elderly with a male predominance. (frontiersin.org)
- Diagnosing equine encephalitis is challenging because many of the symptoms are shared with other illnesses and patients can be asymptomatic. (wikipedia.org)
- Traditionally, it has been thought that infections account for most cases of encephalitis, but this study shows autoimmune encephalitis is an equally common cause. (newswise.com)
- To identify cases of encephalitis, the study used data from the Rochester Epidemiology Project , a medical records database of all medical providers in Olmsted County, Minnesota. (newswise.com)
- Our study showed that clinicians are now detecting more cases of autoimmune encephalitis than they were in the past because of the discovery of these new neural autoantibody markers. (newswise.com)
- We identified thirteen cases of suspected encephalitis with HPeV infection between May 2013 and December 2014. (aappublications.org)
- Earlier identification of NiV encephalitis cases would enable targeted infection control efforts to reduce the number of persons exposed to NiV-infected patients and thereby reduce subsequent secondary transmission of NiV from person to person. (cdc.gov)
- The objective of this study was to compare the performance of screening questions about recent exposure to date palm sap or other encephalitis patients with serologic testing results to more quickly identify NiV encephalitis cases in our surveillance hospitals. (cdc.gov)
- Bonaba and his associates, 1 in 1939, were able to collect from the literature but 28 cases of pneumonia encephalitis. (jamanetwork.com)
- The present study reveals that 22.76% and 5% of the AES cases were positive. (beastphysique.com)
- There are approximately 50 cases of COVID-19- associated encephalitis reported in the first six months of the pandemic. (wikidoc.org)
- There is no racial predilection to COVID-19 -associated encephalitis but more cases were present in African Americans. (wikidoc.org)
- Herpes zoster-associated encephalitis: clinicopathologic report of 12 cases and review of the literature. (medscape.com)
- In Florida, about one to two human cases are reported a year, although over 60 cases of equine encephalitis are reported. (wikipedia.org)
- In 1938, the first confirmed human cases were identified when 30 children died of encephalitis in the Northeastern United States. (wikipedia.org)
- In this case series, we report two cases of anti-NMDAR encephalitis in adult women in the United States and provide a review of the literature. (medscape.com)
- Because of their shared interest in improving outcomes and quality of life for people affected by encephalitis they have worked together, in part, on developing this new and exciting study. (encephalitis.info)
- No two people with encephalitis have the same outcomes. (encephalitis.info)
- HPeV encephalitis is associated with neurodevelopmental sequelae despite reassuring short-term outcomes. (aappublications.org)
- The aim of this study was to explore how parents experience and interpret outcomes in relation to their child who has been affected by encephalitis. (ox.ac.uk)
- RESULTS: Parents' perspectives on important outcomes for their child and family changed during the different stages of the encephalitis illness trajectory: from acute illness, recovery and rehabilitation, then reintegration into everyday life. (ox.ac.uk)
- This finding further underscores the need to develop new treatment protocols to limit the development of HHV-6 encephalitis in stem cell transplant patients, as preemptive antiviral therapy administered immediately following the detection of HHV-6 reactivation did not prevent onset of HHV-6 encephalitis in any of the patients in this study. (hhv-6foundation.org)
- This study proposes to investigate the use of combined ganciclovir and foscarnet to maximize the antiviral regimen. (clinicaltrials.gov)
Parasites and Vectors1
- The study can be found in the journal Parasites and Vectors. (caryinstitute.org)