Remembrance of information for a few seconds to hours.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.
A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.
A constitution or condition of the body which makes the tissues react in special ways to certain extrinsic stimuli and thus tends to make the individual more than usually susceptible to certain diseases.
A disorder characterized by grinding and clenching of the teeth.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
Persons diagnosed as having significantly lower than average intelligence and considerable problems in adapting to everyday life or lacking independence in regard to activities of daily living.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
The branch of applied psychology concerned with psychological aspects of selection, assignment, training, morale, etc., of Armed Forces personnel.
Societies whose membership is limited to scientists.
The intentional infliction of physical or mental suffering upon an individual or individuals, including the torture of animals.
Inability to experience pleasure due to impairment or dysfunction of normal psychological and neurobiological mechanisms. It is a symptom of many PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS (e.g., DEPRESSIVE DISORDER, MAJOR; and SCHIZOPHRENIA).
Highly pleasant emotion characterized by outward manifestations of gratification; joy.
Procedures for the improvement or enhancement of the appearance of the visible parts of the body.
The meal taken at midday.
An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Foods eaten between MEALTIMES.
Place or physical location of work or employment.
Educational institutions.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The interactions between physician and patient.
Those individuals engaged in research.
Proteins which contain carbohydrate groups attached covalently to the polypeptide chain. The protein moiety is the predominant group with the carbohydrate making up only a small percentage of the total weight.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Married persons, i.e., husbands and wives, or partners. Domestic partners, or spousal equivalents, are two adults who have chosen to share their lives in an intimate and committed relationship, reside together, and share a mutual obligation of support for the basic necessities of life.
The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.
Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.
The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.
The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.
Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.
The study of the heart, its physiology, and its functions.
The scientific disciplines concerned with the embryology, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, etc., of the nervous system.

Health status of Persian Gulf War veterans: self-reported symptoms, environmental exposures and the effect of stress. (1/10358)

BACKGROUND: Most US troops returned home from the Persian Gulf War (PGW) by Spring 1991 and many began reporting increased health symptoms and medical problems soon after. This investigation examines the relationships between several Gulf-service environmental exposures and health symptom reporting, and the role of traumatic psychological stress on the exposure-health symptom relationships. METHODS: Stratified, random samples of two cohorts of PGW veterans, from the New England area (n = 220) and from the New Orleans area (n = 71), were selected from larger cohorts being followed longitudinally since arrival home from the Gulf. A group of PGW-era veterans deployed to Germany (n = 50) served as a comparison group. The study protocol included questionnaires, a neuropsychological test battery, an environmental interview, and psychological diagnostic interviews. This report focuses on self-reported health symptoms and exposures of participants who completed a 52-item health symptom checklist and a checklist of environmental exposures. RESULTS: The prevalence of reported symptoms was greater in both Persian Gulf-deployed cohorts compared to the Germany cohort. Analyses of the body-system symptom scores (BSS), weighted to account for sampling design, and adjusted by age, sex, and education, indicated that Persian Gulf-deployed veterans were more likely to report neurological, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cardiac, dermatological, musculoskeletal, psychological and neuropsychological system symptoms than Germany veterans. Using a priori hypotheses about the toxicant effects of exposure to specific toxicants, the relationships between self-reported exposures and body-system symptom groupings were examined through multiple regression analyses, controlling for war-zone exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Self-reported exposures to pesticides, debris from Scuds, chemical and biological warfare (CBW) agents, and smoke from tent heaters each were significantly related to increased reporting of specific predicted BSS groupings. CONCLUSIONS: Veterans deployed to the Persian Gulf have higher self-reported prevalence of health symptoms compared to PGW veterans who were deployed only as far as Germany. Several Gulf-service environmental exposures are associated with increased health symptom reporting involving predicted body-systems, after adjusting for war-zone stressor exposures and PTSD.  (+info)

'Home hypertension': exploring the inverse white coat response. (2/10358)

BACKGROUND: The classical 'white coat response' to blood pressure measurement has been studied thoroughly. However, little is known about patients showing a reverse pattern, i.e. who have lower blood pressure readings at the clinic than outside healthcare facilities. AIM: To estimate the proportion of patients whose blood pressure levels as determined by self-measurements at home are higher than those taken at the clinic and to explore possible associations with demographic, clinical, and psychological variables. METHOD: Patients consecutively attending (n = 214) an academic family medicine department in Toronto, Canada, were eligible. Subjects aged below 16 years and those on psychotropic or blood pressure-lowering agents were excluded. The clinic-home blood pressure difference (CHBPD) was calculated for each participating subject by subtracting home blood pressure from clinic blood pressure. Those who had negative values were compared with the rest of the sample. RESULTS: A considerable proportion of patients had lower blood pressure at the clinic than at home (systolic, 34.6%; diastolic, 23.8%). These subjects did not differ from the rest of the sample with regard to age, sex, levels of education attained, immigration status, body mass index, experience of current symptoms, blood pressure levels, or psychological distress. However, in patients with a 'negative CHBPD', i.e. lower blood pressure at the clinic than at home, readings taken by an automatic, self-inflating device when still at the clinic were higher than in the rest of the sample. CONCLUSION: The results point to measurement bias being at least partly responsible for higher blood pressure readings outside the clinic. Automatic measurement devices used for self/home blood pressure measurement seem to cause an alerting reaction analogous to the well-described 'white coat response'.  (+info)

The self-reported well-being of employees facing organizational change: effects of an intervention. (3/10358)

The objective of this study was to investigate the self-reported well-being of employees facing organizational change, and the effect of an intervention. It was a controlled intervention study. Subjects were allocated to study and control groups, and brief individual counselling was offered to the subjects in the study groups. Questionnaire measures were administered before and after counselling (a 3-month interval), and non-counselled subjects also completed questionnaires at the same times. The setting was 15 estate offices in an urban local authority Housing Department. Subjects comprised the total workforce of the Housing Management division: 193 employees, male and female, aged 22-62 years, facing compulsory competitive tendering between 1994-97. Main outcome measures were baseline and comparative measures of psychological morbidity, including the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) and the Occupational Stress Indicator (OSI). Questionnaire response rates were 72% and 47% on first and second occasions respectively. The uptake of counselling was 37%. In comparison with (1) the UK norms for the OSI and (2) the norms for a similar occupational group, this group of workers were under more work-related pressure and their self-reported health was markedly poorer. They were not however at a disadvantage in terms of coping strategies. Those accepting the offer of counselling were subject to greater levels of work stress, had poorer self-reported health and markedly lower levels of job satisfaction than those who did not. Questionnaire scores were not significantly different before and after counselling, giving no evidence of treatment effects on symptomatology. However, almost all subjects rated counselling as having been extremely helpful. This study suggests that adverse effects on staff facing organizational change may be ameliorated by improved management practice.  (+info)

The agenda of the organization. 2: Interventions. (4/10358)

Many contemporary organizations, though doing well in productivity, are in chaos. Stress amongst managers and employees is still rampant and the assertion that 'people are our best assets' is confirmed more in words than in actions. What interventions are needed to best add value to the agenda of the organization and influence employee performance for the better? A philosophy of employee care includes looking at how managers take responsibility for performance management, deal with their own and others' stress and how the dynamics within organizations can be understood and harnessed for the welfare of the company. It also includes reviewing, articulating and implementing policies and systems that affect individuals in the organization and the organization as a whole.  (+info)

The managed care revolution: how medical technologists have tolerated the change. (5/10358)

A repeated cross-sectional study on the psychological profiles and interpersonal styles of highly stressed medical technologists (perfusionists) has found remarkable consistency in internal psychological profiles and differences in interpersonal dynamics over a 6-year period. Six years ago a longitudinal study was begun to track the psychological profiles of perfusionists. Surgeons can repair cardiac defects only after a beating heart has been stopped. In order for the brain and other organs to survive cardiac surgery, they must be perfused with well-oxygenated blood. As a result, the life of every cardiac surgery patient literally sits in the hands of the cardiac perfusionist. The stress of placing patients on and off the 'pump' is one that is experienced by cardiovascular perfusionists on a daily basis. This stress has been likened to that of air traffic controllers who continually prepare planes for take off and/or landing. In the 6 years between studies, medical technologists have changed very little psychologically. They remain very well balanced. However, there have been significant changes in their interpersonal behaviours. Instead of the 'well-balanced' interpersonal profiles of 6 years ago, there is a higher degree of assertiveness/aggressiveness being reported. Managed Care has begun to impact interpersonal behaviours but has not yet altered the more resilient platform of internal psychological balance.  (+info)

The impact of genetic counselling about breast cancer risk on women's risk perceptions and levels of distress. (6/10358)

Women referred to a familial breast cancer clinic completed questionnaires before and after counselling and at annual follow-up to assess their risk estimate and psychological characteristics. The aims were to determine whether those who attended the clinic overestimated their risk or were highly anxious and whether counselling influenced risk estimates and levels of distress. Women (n = 450) at this clinic were more likely to underestimate (39%) than overestimate (14%) their risk. Mean trait anxiety scores were higher than general population data (t = 4.9, n = 1059, P<0.001) but not significantly different from published data from other screening samples. Overestimators (z = 5.69, P<0.0001) and underestimators (z = -8.01, P<0.0001) reported significantly different risk estimates (i.e. increased accuracy) after counselling, but significant inaccuracies persisted. Over- (n = 12) and underestimators (n = 60) were still inaccurate in their risk estimates by a factor of 2 after counselling. Thirty per cent of the sample scored above the cut-off (5/6) for case identification on a screening measure for psychological distress, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). GHQ scores were significantly lower after counselling (t = 3.6, d.f. = 384, P = 0.0004) with no evidence of increasing risk estimate causing increased distress. The risk of distress after counselling was greater for younger women and those who were more distressed at first presentation. The counselling offered was effective in increasing the accuracy of risk perceptions without causing distress to those who initially underestimated their risk. It is worrying that inaccuracies persisted, particularly as the demand for service has since reduced the consultation time offered in this clinic. Further work is needed to evaluate alternative models of service delivery using more sophisticated methods of assessing understanding of risk.  (+info)

Food insecurity: consequences for the household and broader social implications. (7/10358)

A conceptual framework showing the household and social implications of food insecurity was elicited from a qualitative and quantitative study of 98 households from a heterogeneous low income population of Quebec city and rural surroundings; the study was designed to increase understanding of the experience of food insecurity in order to contribute to its prevention. According to the respondents' description, the experience of food insecurity is characterized by two categories of manifestations, i.e., the core characteristics of the phenomenon and a related set of actions and reactions by the household. This second category of manifestations is considered here as a first level of consequences of food insecurity. These consequences at the household level often interact with the larger environment to which the household belongs. On a chronic basis, the resulting interactions have certain implications that are tentatively labeled "social implications" in this paper. Their examination suggests that important aspects of human development depend on food security. It also raises questions concerning the nature of socially acceptable practices of food acquisition and food management, and how such acceptability can be assessed. Guidelines to that effect are proposed. Findings underline the relevance and urgency of working toward the realization of the right to food.  (+info)

Effects of targeted disruption of the mouse angiotensin II type 2 receptor gene on stress-induced hyperthermia. (8/10358)

1. We have previously reported that brain angiotensin II type 2 receptors (AT2) contribute to immunological stress-induced hyperthermia (fever) in rats. Now, in mice, we report the effect of AT2 gene disruption on the hyperthermia induced by immunological (interleukin-1 (IL-1) injection) and non-immunological (saline injection or cage switch) stress. 2. AT2-deficient and control mice both showed typical circadian rhythmicity in body temperature and physical activity. During the latter half of the dark period, AT2-deficient mice exhibited a lower body temperature than the controls. 3. By comparison with the controls, AT2-deficient mice exhibited: (i) a significantly smaller hyperthermia after intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of IL-1beta; (ii) significantly greater increases in body temperature and physical activity after i. p. saline; and (iii) a significantly greater hyperthermia (but a similar increase in activity) during cage-switch stress. 4. These results suggest that AT2, presumably in the brain, plays important roles in stress-induced hyperthermia in mice.  (+info)

It is well known that acute psychosocial stress activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the sympathetic nervous system (SNS). However, the effect of acute psychosocial stress on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis and levels of sex steroids are less known. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of acute psychosocial stress on serum concentrations of sex steroids in healthy men and women. Twenty men and 19 women (age 30-50years) underwent Trier Social Stress Test (TSST), a tool for investigating psychobiological stress responses in a laboratory setting. Blood samples were collected before, directly after the stress test, and after 30 minutes of the recovery. Concentrations of androgens were measured with high specificity LC-MS/MS method; concentrations of cortisol, estradiol and sex hormone-binding globulin where determined using immunoassays. In both men and women we observed significantly elevated levels of testosterone, estradiol, androstenedione and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The CNS site of glucocorticoid negative feedback during LPS- and psychological stress-induced fevers. AU - Morrow, Lee E.. AU - McClellan, Jennifer L.. AU - Klir, John J.. AU - Kluger, Matthew J.. PY - 1996/9/1. Y1 - 1996/9/1. N2 - Glucocorticoids exert negative feedback in the anterior hypothalamus (AH) during lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced fevers, but the central location of their negative feedback during psychological stress-induced fever has not been determined. To confirm that glucocorticoid modulation of LPS fever occurs in the AH, adrenalectomized animals were injected intrahypothalamically with either 0.25 ng of corticosterone or vehicle followed by 50 μg/kg LPS intraperitoneally. Animals pretreated with corticosterone developed significantly smaller fevers (P = 0.007) than animals given vehicle. To determine if glucocorticold modulation during psychological stress-induced fever may occur in the hippocampus, the fornix was transected to block hippocampal communication ...
Title: The Effects of Physical and Psychological Stress on the Gastrointestinal Tract: Lessons from Animal Models. VOLUME: 8 ISSUE: 4. Author(s):Javier R. Caso, Juan C. Leza and Luis Menchen. Affiliation:Seccion de Gastroenterologia, Servicio de Aparato Digestivo, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, C/ Dr Esquerdo 46. 28007 Madrid, Spain.. Keywords:Animal models, brain gut axis, IBD, stress. Abstract: Physical and psychological stresses are widely accepted as triggers and / or modifiers of the clinical course of diverse gastrointestinal disorders such as peptic ulcer, irritable bowel syndrome or inflammatory bowel disease. Growing experimental evidence from a variety of models such as immobilization, thermal injury or early maternal deprivation in laboratory animals uniformly supports the ability of stress to induce the development of gastric ulcers, altered gastrointestinal motility and ion secretion, and increased intestinal permeability leading to the passage of antigens to the ...
TY - CHAP. T1 - Longitudinal study of psychological distress symptoms in HIV-infected, school-aged children. AU - Wiener, Lori. AU - Battles, Haven. AU - Riekert, Kristin A.. PY - 2014/1/21. Y1 - 2014/1/21. N2 - Despite the growing numbers of HIV-infeeted sehool-aged ehildren, we know very little about the mental health status of this group. This longitudinal study exarnined the frequeney of psyehological distress symptoms in HIV-infected ehildren between the ages of 6 and 11 years at three time points over aperiod of two and one-half years. Children were assessed using the Dominic, a pictorial instrument that assesses for 7 psyehological distress symptoms of childhood. In addition, farnily and demographie variables were colleeted at Time 1. Children were found to be relatively well-adjusted, with low to moderate incidence of psyehological distress. While there were no significant ehanges in frequeney of psyehological distress symptoms from Time 1 to Time 3, the prevalence of overanxious and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Early life stress increases stress vulnerability through BDNF gene epigenetic changes in the rat hippocampus. AU - Seo, Mi Kyoung. AU - Ly, Nguyen Ngoc. AU - Lee, Chan Hong. AU - Cho, Hye Yeon. AU - Choi, Cheol Min. AU - Nhu, Le Hoa. AU - Lee, Jung Goo. AU - Lee, Bong Ju. AU - Kim, Gyung Mee. AU - Yoon, Bongjune. AU - Park, Sung Woo. AU - Kim, Young Hoon. PY - 2016/6/1. Y1 - 2016/6/1. N2 - Early life stress (ELS) exerts long-lasting epigenetic influences on the brain and makes an individual susceptible to later depression. It is poorly understood whether ELS and subsequent adult chronic stress modulate epigenetic mechanisms. We examined the epigenetic mechanisms of the BDNF gene in the hippocampus, which may underlie stress vulnerability to postnatal maternal separation (MS) and adult restraint stress (RS). Rat pups were separated from their dams (3 h/day from P1-P21). When the pups reached adulthood (8 weeks old), we introduced RS (2 h/day for 3 weeks) followed by escitalopram ...
It is possible to have a stress management program to overcome these problems and realistically fit into the busiest schedule. Before discussing how to prepare your plan, let me explain exactly what your stress is. Understanding the nature of stress helps to create the program. Stress Defined Stress is an organizations alarm system. This is a physiological reaction to the environment in the environment. You may know the answer to the fight or flight. It is also known as a sympathetic nervous system. When faced with a threat, the brain immediately triggers the release of stress hormones, which in turn creates a number of physiological changes. These changes are designed to allow the body to fight or to escape the threat. Heart rate, sweating, muscle tension, changes in blood flow, shallow breathing, increased vigilance and reaction time are all part of this response. In a life-threatening situation, this response is favorable. Youve experienced the benefits of a car opening up in front of him ...
Limitations and Exceptions: Data limitations preclude adjusting for students who drop out during the final year of lower secondary education. Thus this rate is a proxy that should be taken as an upper estimate of the actual lower secondary completion rate. There are many reasons why the rate can exceed 100 percent. The numerator may include late entrants and overage children who have repeated one or more grades of lower secondary education as well as children who entered school early, while the denominator is the number of children at the entrance age for the last grade of lower secondary education.. Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat ( Statistical Concept and Methodology: Lower secondary completion rate is calculated as the number of new entrants (enrollment minus repeaters) in the last grade of lower ...
Little is known about the association between job stress and job performance among surgeons, although physicians well-being could be regarded as an important quality indicator. This paper examines associations between psychosocial job stress and perceived health care quality among German clinicians in surgery. Survey data of 1,311 surgeons from 489 hospitals were analysed. Psychosocial stress at work was measured by the effort-reward imbalance model (ERI) and the demand-control model (job strain). The quality of health care was evaluated by physicians self-assessed performance, service quality and error frequency. Data were collected in a nationwide standardised mail survey. 53% of the contacted hospitals sent back the questionnaire; the response rate of the clinicians in the participating hospitals was about 65%. To estimate the association between job stress and quality of care multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted. Clinicians exposed to job stress have an increased risk of reporting
Little is known about the association between job stress and job performance among surgeons, although physicians well-being could be regarded as an important quality indicator. This paper examines associations between psychosocial job stress and perceived health care quality among German clinicians in surgery. Survey data of 1,311 surgeons from 489 hospitals were analysed. Psychosocial stress at work was measured by the effort-reward imbalance model (ERI) and the demand-control model (job strain). The quality of health care was evaluated by physicians self-assessed performance, service quality and error frequency. Data were collected in a nationwide standardised mail survey. 53% of the contacted hospitals sent back the questionnaire; the response rate of the clinicians in the participating hospitals was about 65%. To estimate the association between job stress and quality of care multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted. Clinicians exposed to job stress have an increased risk of reporting
RESULTS: On the stress-test day, blood pressure rose from 117/73 ± 13/12 to 155/92 ± 22/14 mmHg, heart rate from 77 ± 11 to 91 ± 25 b min(-1) and salivary cortisol concentrations from 8.5 ± 3.7 to 26.4 ± 12.1 nmol/l (P , 0.001); these measurements remained unchanged on the control day. On the stress-test day, when the Trier Social Stress Test was applied 75 min after the intake of a standard meal, the glucose concentrations were significantly higher compared with the control day (mean difference 1.5 mmol/l, 95% CI 0.5-2.4, P = 0.003). In the fasting state, glucose concentrations slightly decreased during the control day but remained stable on the stress-test day (mean difference compared with the control day 0.7 mmol/l, 95% CI -0.7 to 2.0, P = 0.31 ...
Background and Purpose- Lay people often mention stress as one of the most important risk factors for stroke. Stress might trigger a cerebrovascular event directly or could be associated with higher levels of blood pressure or an unfavorable lifestyle. To examine these possibilities, we analyzed the association between self-reported stress frequency and intensity and risk of stroke.. Methods- Data from the second examination, 1981 to 1983, of participants in the Copenhagen City Heart Study were analyzed with Cox regression after a mean of 13 years of follow-up. A total of 5604 men and 6970 women were included, and 929 first-ever strokes occurred, of which 207 (22%) were fatal within 28 days after onset of symptoms. The stress frequency categories were never/hardly ever, monthly, weekly, or daily. The stress intensity categories were never/hardly ever, light, moderate, or high.. Results- Subjects with high stress intensity had almost a doubled risk of fatal stroke compared with subjects who were ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Modulation of attentional inhibition by norepinephrine and cortisol after psychological stress. AU - Skosnik, Patrick D.. AU - Chatterton, Robert T.. AU - Swisher, Tara. AU - Park, Sohee. PY - 2000/4/3. Y1 - 2000/4/3. N2 - Two of the most salient physiological responses to stress are increased norepinephrine (NE) and cortisol (CORT) activities. However, it is unclear how these neurochemical events affect cognition, especially attention. We examined the effects of mild psychological stress on selective attention, as assessed by the negative priming (NP) paradigm. Salivary measures of the stress hormone CORT and α-amylase (a correlate of NE) were assayed to probe the relationship between the stress response and attentional inhibition. Healthy subjects (N=20) engaged in the attention task, which was then followed by 15 min of a stressful video game before a return to the attentional task. Baseline saliva samples were obtained before the experiment began, 1 min after the video-game ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of The involvement of glucocorticoids in psychological stress-induced exacerbations of experimental allergic asthma. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Introduction: Mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia (MSI) has been linked to a higher rate of fatal and non-fatal cardiac events in patients with CAD, independent of traditional cardiovascular risk models. Coronary vascular constriction with mental stress is a potential mechanism of MSI that may be reflected as constriction in the peripheral circulation. Moreover, peripheral arterial constriction may itself contribute to MSI by increasing afterload.. Hypothesis: We hypothesized that a more pronounced microvascular constrictor response to mental stress will be predictive of development of MSI.. Methods: Patients with stable CAD (n=116) underwent a standardized mental stress test using a public speaking task. Myocardial perfusion imaging with 99m-Tc-sestamibi was used for rest and stress images. MSI was defined as a summeddifference score of ≥4, based on the difference between summed stressand rest perfusion scores. Peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT) was used to assess peripheral ...
Little is known about stressful triggers and coping strategies of Nigerian adolescents and whether or not, and how, HIV infection modulates these sources of stress and coping. This study evaluated differences in stressors and coping strategies among Nigerian adolescents based on HIV status. We analysed the data of six hundred 10-19 year old adolescents recruited through a population-based survey from 12 States of Nigeria who self-reported their HIV status. Data on stressors and coping strategies were retrieved by self-report from participants, using a validated structured questionnaire. We compared results between adolescents with and without HIV with respect to identification of specific life events as stressors, and use of specific coping strategies to manage stress. Logistic regression analysis adjusted for age and sex. Adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) had significantly increased odds of identifying having to visit the hospital regularly (AOR: 5.85; 95 % CI: 2.11-16.20; P = 0.001), and ...
The implications of exposure to acute and chronic stressors, and seeking mental health care, for increased psychological distress are examined. Research on eco¬nomic stress, psychological distress, and rural agrarian values each point to in¬creasing variability within rural areas. Using data from a panel study of 1,487 adults, a model predicting changes in depressive symptoms was specified and tested. Results show effects by size of place for men but not for women. Men living in rural villages of under 2,500 or in small towns of 2,500 to 9,999 people had significantly greater increases in depressive symptoms than men living in the country or in larger towns or cities. Size of place was also related to level of stigma toward mental health care. Persons living in the most rural environments were more likely to hold stigmatized attitudes toward mental health care and these views were strongly predictive of willingness to seek care. The combination of increased risk and less willingness to seek assistance
The effort-reward imbalance (ERI) model is well-established in explaining work-related stress and health differences. A lack of reciprocity between efforts and rewards at the workplace is central to the theory. The third component (over-commitment) was defined to be a moderator of high-cost/low gain-working conditions increasing the risk of ill-health. Although the theory has been widely supported empirically, all underlying hypotheses have not been sufficiently tested. This article examines whether the strength of the effect of the effort-reward imbalance ratio on health indicators is bigger than the effects of efforts and rewards individually. Another research gap on the interaction with over-commitment is addressed and health measures are compared. This study applied the effort-reward imbalance model on health satisfaction and the SF-12v2™ indicators physical health composite score (PCS) and mental health composite score (MCS) within a representative sample of German employees. After confirmatory
Allen, Andrew P., Kennedy, Paul J., Dockray, Samantha, Cryan, John F., Dinan, Timothy G. and Clarke, Gerard (2017) The Trier Social Stress Test: Principles and practice. Neurobiology of Stress, 6. pp. 113-126. ISSN 2352-2895 Allen, Andrew P., Hutch, William, Borre, Y. E., Kennedy, Paul J., Temko, Andriy, Boylan, Geraldine, Murphy, Eileen, Cryan, John F., Dinan, Timothy G. and Clarke, Gerard (2016) Bifidobacterium longum 1714 as a translational psychobiotic: modulation of stress, electrophysiology and neurocognition in healthy volunteers. Translational Psychiatry, 6. e939. ISSN 2158-3188 Allen, Andrew P., Kennedy, Paul J., Cryan, John F., Dinan, Timothy G. and Clarke, Gerard (2014) Biological and psychological markers of stress in humans: Focus on the Trier Social Stress Test. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 38. pp. 94-124. ISSN 0149-7634 ...
Acute psychosocial stress stimulates transient increases in circulating pro-inflammatory plasma cytokines, but little is known about stress effects on anti-inflammatory cytokines or underlying mechanisms. We investigated the stress kinetics and interrelations of pro- and anti-inflammatory measures on the transcriptional and protein level.,br /,,br /,Forty-five healthy men were randomly assigned to either a stress or control group. While the stress group underwent an acute psychosocial stress task, the second group participated in a non-stress control condition. We repeatedly measured before and up to 120 min after stress DNA binding activity of the pro-inflammatory transcription factor NF-κB (NF-κB-BA) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, whole-blood mRNA levels of NF-κB, its inhibitor IκBα, and of the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-6, and the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10. We also repeatedly measured plasma levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-10.,br /,,br /,Compared ...
Methods: Participants were 40 (n = 20 females) university students (mean age, 25.9 ± 4.56 years). Blood samples to determine neutrophil function by flow cytometry were taken at the end of resting baseline, during an acute stress task, and during recovery. The stress task was a 10-minute time-pressured mental arithmetic challenge with social evaluation ...
Objectives To investigate whether a group-based stress management intervention, based on principles from cognitive behaviour therapy, can reduce stress and alter coping strategies in an occupationally diverse population with extensive symptoms of work-related stress. Methods Using a randomized wait list control design, 102 participants were divided into two groups: intervention and wait list control (WLC). The intervention was a three-month group-based stress management program. Outcomes measures were the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10, range 0-40 points) and five dimensions from the Brief COPE questionnaire (range 2-8 points) at baseline and three-, six- and nine-months follow-up. Data were analyzed with a univariate analysis of variance. Results On the PSS-10 from baseline to three months, the intervention group changed -6.45 (95% CI -8.25--4.64) points, compared to -1.12 (95% CI -2.94-0.70) points in the WLC group. The between-groups difference was -5.32 (95% CI -7.89--2.76) points, equalling ...
It can be concluded that low social support, from either supervisors or co-workers, appears to be a risk factor for low-back pain. Some indications of a relationship between high quantitative job demands and high conflicting demands and low-back pain were also found. Little evidence was found for an …
The effectiveness of current approaches to workplace stress management for nurses was assessed through a systematic review. Seven randomised controlled trials and three prospective cohort studies assessing the effectiveness of a stress management programmes were identified and reviewed. The quality of research identified was weak. There is more evidence for the effectiveness of programmes based on providing personal support than environmental management to reduce stressors. However, since the number and quality of studies is low, the question as to which, if any, approach is more effective cannot be answered definitively. Further research is required before clear recommendations for the use of particular interventions for nursing work related stress can be made.. ...
Lower secondary completion rate, gender parity index (GPI) in India was reported at 1.0596 GPI in 2018, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. India - Lower secondary completion rate, gender parity index - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href= target=blank>World Bank|/a> on October of 2020.
Gross enrolment ratio, lower secondary, gender parity index (GPI) in India was reported at 1.0508 GPI in 2018, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. India - Gross enrolment ratio, lower secondary, gender parity index - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href= target=blank>World Bank|/a> on November of 2020.
Purpose: To identify whether psychological distress is associated with an increased risk of falling into poverty, giving a more complete picture of how psychological distress affects living standards.. Methods: Longitudinal analysis of the nationally representative Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australian (HILDA) survey using Poisson regression models to estimate relative risk of falling into income poverty and multidimensional poverty between 2007 and 2012. The sample was limited to those who were not already in income poverty in 2007. Psychological distress was identified using the Kessler-10 (K10) scale.. Results: After adjusting for confounding factors, having moderate psychological distress increased the risk of falling into income poverty by 1.62 (95 % CI 1.31-2.01, p , 0.0001) and the risk of falling into multidimensional poverty by 1.85 (95 % CI 1.37-2.48, p , 0.0001); having very high psychological distress increased the risk of falling into income poverty by 2.40 (95 % CI ...
Psychological stress Psychological stress is a result of many factors and should be dealt with very carefully. Stress can be defined as a set of
Objective: To study the physical and psychological stressors in the intensive care unit (ICU) and to correlate stressors with different demographic variables. Design: Cross-sectional analytical survey. Setting: Intensive care unit of a private hospital. Patients and participants: 50 randomly selected ICU patients during the first week of their ICU stay. Measurements and results: The Intensive Care Unit Environmental Stressor Scale was administered to 50 patients. Pain and the impossibility of sleeping due to noise and having tubes in the nose and mouth were considered the most important physical stressors. Loss of self control and lack of understanding about the attitudes and procedures were the main psychological stressors. Conclusions: Interventions should be aimed at relieving the patients pain and at controlling the level of noise to make sleep possible. From the psychological standpoint, the independence of the patient should be encouraged, thus stimulating the recovery of self-control. ...
Psychological stress has been proposed as a major contributor to the progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Acute mental stress can activate the sympathetic-adrenal-medullary (SAM) axis, eliciting the release of catecholamines (NE and EPI) resulting in the elevation of heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP). Combined stress (psychological and physical) can exacerbate these cardiovascular responses, which may partially contribute to the elevated risk of CVD and increased proportionate mortality risks experienced by some occupations (e.g., firefighting and law enforcement). Studies have supported the benefits of physical activity on physiological and psychological health, including the cardiovascular response to acute stress. Aerobically trained individuals exhibit lower sympathetic nervous system (e.g., HR) reactivity and enhanced cardiovascular efficiency (e.g., lower vascular reactivity and decreased recovery time) in response to physical and/or psychological stress. In addition, resistance
The purpose of this review was to provide current knowledge about the possible association between psychosocial job stress and immune parameters in blood, saliva, and urine. Using bibliographic databases (PubMed, PsychINFO, Web of Science, Medline) and the snowball method, 56 studies were found. In general, exposure to psychosocial job stress (high job demands, low job control, high job strain, jo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of comorbid depressive symptoms and/or stress on adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in individuals with diabetes compared with those without diabetes.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Investigators examined the relationship between baseline depressive symptoms and/or stress in adults with and without diabetes and physician-adjudicated incident CV outcomes including stroke, myocardial infarction/acute coronary heart disease, and CV death over a median follow-up of 5.95 years in the national REGARDS cohort study.RESULTS: Subjects included 22,003 adults (4,090 with diabetes) (mean age 64 years, 58% female, 42% black, and 56% living in the southeastern Stroke Belt). Elevated stress and/or depressive symptoms were more common in subjects with diabetes (36.8% vs. 29.5%; P , 0.001). In fully adjusted models, reporting either elevated stress or depressive symptoms was associated with a significantly increased incidence of stroke (HR 1.57 [95% CI 1.05, 2.33] vs. 1.01 ...
Objective: To identify risk indicators for high stress and low mental energy as well as to describe psychosocial working conditions at different types of call centres. Participants: 1183 operators from 28 call centres in Sweden, both external and internal, with different levels of task complexity, ownership and geographical location. Method: A cross sectional questionnaire study. Results: The stress level was moderately high and the energy level fairly high. Stress levels tended to be lower and psychosocial conditions better with increasing level of task complexity. Fourteen per cent of the operators were in a state of high stress/low energy (worn out) and 47% in high stress/high energy (committed under pressure). Operators in a state of low stress/high energy (committed without pressure) were most likely to report a better health status. High stress and lack of energy was mainly associated with time pressure, low decision latitude, and lack of social and supervisor support. Conclusions: ...
We propose to consider the role of biomarkers as signs and to distinguish between signs that are just indicators of biological processes and proxies that one can interact with and modify the disease process. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 28, 852-872.
Methods Overall 280 male workers of a logistic support company for secure communication and intelligence were included in our study population. We measured work-related stress using the HSE indicator tool, general wellbeing using the Well-being Index (WHO5); affectivity was measured by the short version of the positive and negative affect schedule (PANAS); the frequency corrected QT (QTc) interval on the electrocardiogram was measured using the Bazetts formula; QT index (QTi) value, blood pressure, BMI, and fasting glycaemia were also recorded, as well as medications, lifestyles and comorbidities. Based on the Karaseks taxonomy, we compared high strain jobs, low strain jobs, active jobs and passive jobs with respect to WHO5, PANAS, QTc, QTi, blood pressure, BMI and glycaemia. Group differences were analysed by means of parametric and non parametric tests. ...
It was our observation not that they couldnt do math, but that they werent really attending to the right things, he says. We didnt see people improving over time. You might say, Well, they dont get how it works. But the people with high-stress childhoods, even after many trials, they werent using negative feedback to change their behavior and improve.. In brain scans from the people who lived with high stress as children, Birn and Pollak could see a surprisingly low amount of activity in the brain region expected to light up when confronted by a potential loss.. And then, when they would lose, wed see more activity than expected - an overreaction - in the part of the brain that responds to reward, Pollak says, which makes sense. If you didnt catch the cue that you were likely to lose, youre probably going to be pretty shocked when you dont win.. The high-stress childhood group also reported undertaking more risky behaviors - smoking, not wearing a seatbelt in a car or texting ...
Total possible scores on the Distress Questionnaire scale range from 5 to 25, with higher scores indicating greater psychological distress. A cut point of ≥ 11 is used to screen for most common mental disorders, whereas a cut point of ≥ 14 is chosen for increased specificity in applications where a clinical case finding is required.. On average, survey respondents reported a score of 15.1. Women reported higher psychological distress on the Distress Questionnaire (15.2), when compared to the average score observed for men (14.7). Younger survey respondents were more likely to report higher distress scores when compared older survey respondents.. While women and young people also reported higher distress on the Distress Questionnaire in the study by Batterham and colleagues (2016), on average, monthly survey respondents reported significantly higher levels of distress across all categories of gender and age.. More than four-fifths (85%) of female survey respondents and four-fifths (80%) of ...
The primary purpose of this proposed 5-year study is to determine whether a Cognitive Behavioral Stress Management (CBSM) intervention, demonstrated to be effective in reducing distress, enhancing coping, and maintaining health among HIV+ non-drug abusers (see Schneiderman and Antoni, 2000), can be effectively adapted for our target population of culturally diverse, HIV+, low-income Recovering Drug Abusers (RDAs). Since the late 1980s, members of our research team (i.e., Schneiderman, Antoni, Klimas, Fletcher) have been developing, refining and evaluating the effects of CBSM among HIV+ Men who have Sex with Men (MSM). In the early/mid 90s, we began to adapt and evaluate the effects of CBSM in other non-drug abusing subgroups that were emerging with increasing levels of HIV seroprevalence (e.g., pregnant women, African American and Hispanic men and women). After accumulating considerable support for the effectiveness of CBSM in these subgroups in the late 90s, our research team (i.e., Malow, ...
The primary purpose of this proposed 5-year study is to determine whether a Cognitive Behavioral Stress Management (CBSM) intervention, demonstrated to be effective in reducing distress, enhancing coping, and maintaining health among HIV+ non-drug abusers (see Schneiderman and Antoni, 2000), can be effectively adapted for our target population of culturally diverse, HIV+, low-income Recovering Drug Abusers (RDAs). Since the late 1980s, members of our research team (i.e., Schneiderman, Antoni, Klimas, Fletcher) have been developing, refining and evaluating the effects of CBSM among HIV+ Men who have Sex with Men (MSM). In the early/mid 90s, we began to adapt and evaluate the effects of CBSM in other non-drug abusing subgroups that were emerging with increasing levels of HIV seroprevalence (e.g., pregnant women, African American and Hispanic men and women). After accumulating considerable support for the effectiveness of CBSM in these subgroups in the late 90s, our research team (i.e., Malow, ...
The use of information and communication technology (ICT) is common in modern working life. ICT demands may give rise to experience of work-related stress. Knowledge about ICT demands in relation to other types of work-related stress and to self-rated health is limited. Consequently, the aim of this study was to examine the association between ICT demands and two types of work-related stress [job strain and effort-reward imbalance (ERI)] and to evaluate the association between these work-related stress measures and self-rated health, in general and in different SES strata. This study is based on cross-sectional data from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health collected in 2014, from 14,873 gainfully employed people. ICT demands, job strain, ERI and self-rated health were analysed as the main measures. Sex, age, SES, lifestyle factors and BMI were used as covariates. ICT demands correlated significantly with the dimensions of the job strain and ERI models, especially with the ...
Cybra - Łódzka Regionalna Biblioteka Cyfrowa is... Here put the description for the main page matadata, visible e.g. when sharing on Facebook.
Objectives This study focused on estimating the relative risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in association with work stress, as indicated by the job-strain model, the effort-reward imbalance model, and the organizational injustice model.. Methods A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies were carried out. Studies were eligible if they had published a quantitative estimate of the association between work stress and incident CHD or cardiovascular mortality by January 2006. Results Fourteen prospective cohort studies were identified. For a total of 83 014 employees, the age- and gender-adjusted relative ratio of CHD for high versus low job strain was 1.43 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.15-1.84], but the ratio decreased to 1.16 (95% CI 0.94-1.43) after adjustment for risk factors and potential mediators. The age- and gender-adjusted risk ratio for a combination of high efforts and low rewards was 1.58 (95% CI 0.84-2.97) for 11 528 employees, and no reduction in the ...
With the growth of atypical employment, there is increasing concern about the potential health-damaging effects of unstable employment. This prospective study of Finnish public-sector employees in 1998-2002 examined labor market trajectories and changes in health. At entry, all participants had a fixed-term job contract. Trajectories were measured by exposure to unstable employment during follow-up, destination employment status at the end of follow-up, and the way in which these elements were combined. Nonoptimal self-rated health at baseline was associated with high exposure to unstable employment and unemployment as the destination. After adjustment for health and psychological distress at baseline, a trajectory with stable employment as the destination was associated with a decreased risk of psychological distress at follow-up (odds ratio = 0.68, 95% confidence interval: 0.46, 0.98), whereas a trajectory toward the labor market periphery was related to increased risk of nonoptimal health ...
The way stress affects the body can range from a quick chest flutter to serious issues like depression and an increased risk for heart attack and stroke. Find out how stress affects you, and how to control it.
In vitro stress assays are commonly used to study responses of plants to abiotic stress and to assess stress tolerance. A literature review reveals that most studies use very high stress levels, and measure criteria such as germination, plant survival, or development of visual symptoms such as bleaching. However, we show that these parameters are indicators of very severe stress, and such studies thus only provide incomplete information about stress sensitivity. Similarly, transcript analysis revealed that typical stress markers are only induced at high stress levels in young seedlings. Therefore, tools are needed to study the effects of mild stress. We found that the commonly used stress-inducing agents mannitol, sorbitol, NaCl and H2O2 impact shoot growth in a highly specific and dose-dependent way. Therefore, shoot growth is a sensitive, relevant and easily measured phenotype to assess stress tolerance over a wide range of stress levels. Finally, our data suggest that care should be taken ...
When it comes to weight gain for women, childhood stress appears to be a bigger culprit than stress during adulthood, finds a national study led by a Michigan State University sociologist.
Cumulative risk assessment posits that multiple agents work together to induce disease and that multiple stressors therefore must be considered in order to gain a true understanding of why adverse health effects occur.1 Now a small but growing number of scientists are pushing the envelope by investigating whether chronic psychological stress might be one of those factors, enhancing a childs vulnerability to certain chemical exposures and contributing to effects that later show up as asthma, neurodevelopmental disorders, cardiovascular disease, obesity, cancer, and other problems. These researchers are also starting to identify biomarkers that may shed light on the mechanisms by which psychological stress acts on a childs developing immune system and brain to modify or enhance the response to certain pollution exposures such as traffic-related air pollutants and lead. ...
Stress is a powerful modulator of neuroendocrine, behavioral and immunological functions. After 4.5 days of repeated combined acoustic and restraint stress as a murine model of chronic psychological stress severe metabolic dysregulations became detectable in female BALB/c mice. Stress-induced alterations of metabolic processes that were found in a hepatic mRNA expression profiling were verified by in vivo analyses. Repeatedly stressed mice developed a hypermetabolic syndrome with severe loss of lean body mass, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, increased amino acid turn-over, and acidosis. This was associated with hypercortisolism, hyperleptinemia, insulin resistance, and hypothyroidism. In contrast, after a single acute stress exposure changes in expression of metabolic genes were much less pronounced and predominantly confined to gluconeogenesis, probably indicating that metabolic disturbances might be initiated already early but will only manifest in repeatedly stressed mice. Thus, in our murine ...
Recent findings from epidemiological studies suggest that that there may be a link between the experience of early traumatic events and later development of psychotic symptoms. Animal studies provide a model of stress sensitization whereby early stressful events contribute to dopamine dysregulation and a sensitivity to psychosocial stress in young adulthood. Prodrome studies provide a unique opportunity to assess stress responsivity prospectively, prior to the onset of full psychosis, by identifying youth with an ultra-high-risk syndrome that confers approximately 35 percent risk for conversion to a full psychotic disorder within 2.5 years. In Study 1, we test the hypotheses that 1) UHR participants age 16-25 report a greater number of traumatic life events than healthy controls matched on age, gender and SES; and, 2) UHR participants show dysregulated stress-responsivity compared to healthy controls as exhibited by higher baseline salivary Cortisol levels, a slower return to baseline ...
We applied chronic psychological stress by exposing European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) to a previously validated chronic stress protocol (CSP) consisting of 4 different randomly applied stressors per day. Experimental design consisted of a 21 day CSP (CSP1), a 60 day recovery (R1), a second 14 day CSP (CSP2), and a second 30 day recovery (R2). Body weight decreased approximately 5% during CSP1,... read morebut overshot to 5-10% above initial body weight during R1. To investigate underlying mechanisms, we periodically measured corticosterone and 12 biochemical analytes, including aspartate aminotransferase (AST), creatinine kinase (CK), bile acids (BA), total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), globulin (GLOB), glucose (GLU), uric acid (UA), calcium (CA++), phosphorus (PHOS), potassium (K+), and sodium (NA+). AST and CK increased at the beginning of CSP1, suggesting muscle breakdown. Additionally, decreases in ALB and TP paired with stable UA, but no associated change in GLU, suggested protein ...
Chronic social defeat stress, a depression model in rats, reduced struggling in the forced swimming test dependent on a hedonic trait-stressed rats with high sucrose intake struggled less. Social defeat reduced brain regional energy metabolism, and this effect was also more pronounced in rats with high sucrose intake. A number of changes in gene expression were identified after social defeat stress, most notably the down-regulation of Gsk3b and Map1b. The majority of differences were between stress-susceptible and resilient rats. Conclusively, correlates of inter-individual differences in stress resilience can be identified both at gene expression and oxidative metabolism levels.
In the service sector, customer-related social stressors may weaken employees’ well-being, impairing job-related outcomes. Drawing on the Conservation of Resources theory and on the psychology of sustainability, fostering personal resources become critical to encourage service providers who can effectively manage such job demands. This study investigated how customer-related social stressors and customer orientation influence service recovery performance and whether resilience buffers the negative effects of customer incivility on service recovery performance. One hundred and fifty-seven Italian customer-contact employees completed a questionnaire analyzing customer incivility, customer-related social stressors, resilience, customer orientation, and service recovery performance. Regression analyses and SEMs were conducted. Although all customer-related social stressors indirectly and negatively influenced service recovery performance by increasing burnout symptoms, customer incivility only exerted
Looking for online definition of secondary process in the Medical Dictionary? secondary process explanation free. What is secondary process? Meaning of secondary process medical term. What does secondary process mean?
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined age differences in the association between daily stressors and allostatic load.. METHOD: Participants consisted of 317 adults (34-84 years) who participated in Waves 1 (1996-1997) and 2 (between 2005 and 2009) of the Midlife Development in the United States Survey. During Wave 1, participants reported the stressors they encountered across eight consecutive days. Within-person affective reactivity slopes indexing change in negative affect from a nonstressor day to a stressor day were calculated for each participant. Affective reactivity and stressor exposure scores at Wave 1 were used to predict allostatic load at Wave 2.. RESULTS: Heightened levels of affective reactivity at Wave 1 predicted elevated levels of allostatic load at Wave 2 but only among older adults who also reported high levels of stressor exposure. No significant associations emerged for younger adults.. DISCUSSION: Daily stress processes may be one pathway through which age-related physical ...
The study investigated the frequency of adverse life events and prevalence of MD recorded for clients with intellectual disabilities (ID) in a medium secure unit, using data from an electronic patient record (EPR) system. Prevalence of MD was calculated on the basis of ICD-10 diagnoses and a 38-item checklist was developed to investigate adverse/traumatic life events for sub-samples with and without MD. High rates of MD were reported overall, particularly of schizotypal and delusional disorders and disorders of personality. Adverse life events including abuse, bereavement and relationship difficulties had been documented by clinicians. The overall number of recorded events was significantly higher for clients diagnosed with a MD. Associations between MD and life events have been reported previously, but not in a forensic ID population. The study contributes to a growing body of literature highlighting the relationship between life events and mental health in people with ID, offering further ...
Experiences of profound social deprivation during infancy shape the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis, an important stress response system. Specifically, children who were exposed to institutionalized care as infants show blunted cortisol reactivity to psychosocial stressors even years after being adopted into stable, supportive families. However, new evidence suggests that these effects could be reversed later in development under certain conditions.. Gunnar and colleagues tested whether post-institutionalized youth showed evidence of stress recalibration with puberty. Participants were post-institutionalized youth and comparison (never adopted) youth ages 7 to 15 at baseline. Each of three consecutive annual sessions assessed pubertal stage via physical examination and salivary cortisol reactivity to the Trier social stress test, a task designed to measure response to social evaluation, which was adapted for children. Findings revealed that ...
Researchers are investigating the impact of psychological stress on ageing of the skin. Dermatologists know that ageing of the skin is influenced by external environmental factors including sun exposure and smoking and the natural ageing process of the skin. However to date there has been little research into the effects of psychological stress on ageing of the skin.. The research is being undertaken by The University of Manchester Dermatology and Psychology Research Centres in conjunction with Laboratoire Clarins. Researchers are looking for 140 Caucasian (white skinned) women, aged 25-40 years to have their skin measured and assessed by the Visia photographic system. The Visia system takes multiple photographs of the face in order to measure fine lines and wrinkles.. Interested volunteers will need to complete a brief screening survey in order to assess suitability for the research, and investigate recent use of sun beds or health issues which may influence the research. The assessments will ...
Although the limited size of the buffering effect may not be considered important in clinical settings, from a population health perspective the findings represent an additional small but significant piece of the puzzle in the pursuit to understand the determinants of population health. It is worth noting that the effect of experiencing a RLE on SRH seems to be completely mitigated or tempered in people with above average SOC. Additionally, it is plausible that much larger effects could be found if the outcomes examined were more proximal to the experience of stressful life events. For example, SOC might buffer the perceived stress, autonomic nervous system dysregulation, or neuroendocrine response associated with the experience of stressful life events to a much greater extent than was seen with the measure of SRH. Furthermore, the analysis in this study relied on a dichotomised derived index of various RLEs; it is possible that some stressful life events may be buffered to a greater or lesser ...
Although the limited size of the buffering effect may not be considered important in clinical settings, from a population health perspective the findings represent an additional small but significant piece of the puzzle in the pursuit to understand the determinants of population health. It is worth noting that the effect of experiencing a RLE on SRH seems to be completely mitigated or tempered in people with above average SOC. Additionally, it is plausible that much larger effects could be found if the outcomes examined were more proximal to the experience of stressful life events. For example, SOC might buffer the perceived stress, autonomic nervous system dysregulation, or neuroendocrine response associated with the experience of stressful life events to a much greater extent than was seen with the measure of SRH. Furthermore, the analysis in this study relied on a dichotomised derived index of various RLEs; it is possible that some stressful life events may be buffered to a greater or lesser ...
Positive affect is associated with alleviating mental and physiological stress responses. As laughter is a common physiological operationalization of positive affect, we investigated whether the effects of experiencing a stressful event on stress symptoms is lessened by frequency and intensity of daily laughter. Using an intensive longitudinal design, we ambulatory assessed the self-reported experience of stressful events, stress symptoms and the frequency as well as the intensity of laughter in university students daily lives. Our hierarchical ecological momentary assessment data were analyzed with multilevel models. The results support the stress-buffering model of positive affect: We found that the frequency of laughter attenuated the association between stressful events and subsequent stress symptoms. The level of intensity of laughter, however, was found to have no significant effect. Future studies should use additional psychophysiological indicators of stress and straighten out the ...
In the analysis conducted to identify factors affecting the general publics anticipated coping behavior in response to MI symptoms, the awareness of early MI symptoms was identified as the most influential predictor of the anticipated coping behavior. It has been reported that in Hong Kong, the awareness of early MI symptoms was found to influence inappropriate anticipated coping behavior [15], a finding consistent with the current study finding. According to the analysis of appropriate anticipated coping behavior by the awareness of each of the major MI symptoms, only 53.6% of those who were aware of the pain in the jaw, neck, or back and only 45.7% of those who were aware of the pain in the arms or shoulders chose calling 911 as the anticipated coping behavior. In contrast, the proportion of participants who chose calling 911 was the highest, 69.9%, in those who recognized chest pain as an MI symptom. Thus, it can be inferred that it is likely for bystanders to perform inappropriate coping ...
Background: Chronic wounds are a significant health problem in various populations. Psychosocial stress is a lifestyle factor that has been shown to directly influence wound healing. Current findings support roles for assessment and reduction of psychosocial stress in the comprehensive management of chronic wounds, however, a gap remains between current research and current clinical practice. Purpose: To develop a novel method by which to educate nurses about the effects of psychosocial stress on wound healing while incorporating state-of-the-art technology that is sensitive to the needs of individuals with various learning styles. Objectives: To review current literature documenting the relationship between chronic psychosocial distress and delayed wound healing to identify essential content to include in educational modules for nurses. To develop three educational modules for nurses in inpatient and outpatient settings that address the relationship between chronic psychosocial distress and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Development and assessment of stressful life events subscales - A preliminary analysis. AU - Buccheri,Teresa. AU - Musaad,Salma. AU - Bost,Kelly K.. AU - Fiese,Barbara H.. AU - the STRONG Kids Research Team. PY - 2018/1/15. Y1 - 2018/1/15. N2 - Background Stress affects people of all ages, genders, and cultures and is associated with physical and psychological complications. Stressful life events are an important research focus and a psychometrically valid measure could provide useful clinical information. The purpose of the study was to develop a reliable and valid measurement of stressful life events and to assess its reliability and validity using established measures of social support, stress, depression, anxiety and maternal and child health. Methods The authors used an adaptation from the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) to describe the prevalence of life events; they developed a 4-factor stressful life events subscales and used Medical Outcomes Social Support Scale, ...
Clinical Trials - The goal of this research is to compare the effects on psychological distress between T4 mono replacement group and T4/T3 c...
Guyton AG, Hall JE. Textbook of Medical Physiology. Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2006.. Lovibond, S.H. &Lovibond, P.F. (1995). Manual for the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales. (2nd. Ed.) Sydney: Psychology Foundation. ISBN 7334-1423-0.. Lovibond, P.F. &Lovibond, S.H. (1995). The structure of negative emotional states: Comparison of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) with the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 33, 335-343.. Nixdorf I, Frank R, Beckmann J.Comparison of athletes proneness to depressive symptoms in individual and team Sports: research on psychological mediators in junior elite athletes.Front Psychol. 2016:17;7:893.. Newman HJ, Howells KL, Fletcher D.The dark side of top level sport: An autobiographic study of depressive experiences in elite sport performers.Front Psychol. 2016:7;7:868.. McMahon EM. Physical activity in European adolescents and associationswith anxiety, depression and well‑being. Eur Child Adolesc ...
Interest in the field of psychoneuroimmunology (ie, the study of the role of psychological factors in physical illness) has increased. Much research on the relation between stress and susceptibility to infectious disease has focused on the development of upper respiratory tract infections, which have a fairly high prevalence. Previous studies in which participants were exposed to respiratory viruses showed a relation between psychological stress and the risk of developing a cold.1, 2. The goal of the cohort study by Cohen et al was to determine which behavioural and biological pathways link stress to disease susceptibility. The strengths of this study include the use of quarantine both before and after inoculation to control for viral confounders, assessment to rule out disease in participants before study entry, blinded assessment of outcomes, extensive data collection on stressors and potential moderating variables, and use of both subjective and laboratory outcome measures. One weakness is ...
Work-related stress is widely recognized as one of the major challenges to occupational health and safety. The correlation between work-related stress risk factors and physical health outcomes is widely acknowledged. This study investigated socio-demographic and occupational variables involved in perceived risk of work-related stress. The Italian version of the Health and Safety Executive Management Standards Indicator Tool was used in a large survey to examine the relationship between work-related stress risks and workers demographic and occupational characteristics. Out of 8,527 questionnaires distributed among workers (from 75 organizations) 6,378 were returned compiled (74.8%); a set of mixed effects models were adopted to test single and combined effects of the variables on work-related stress risk. Female workers reported lower scores on control and peer support and more negative perceptions of relationships and change at work than male workers, most of them with full-time contracts. Age, job
In the evaluation of Effects of soy lecithin phosphatidic acid and phosphatidylserine complex (PAS) on the endocrine and psychological responses to mental stress by Hellhammer J, Fries E, Buss C, Engert V, Tuch A, Rutenberg D, Hellhammer D., US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, researchers indicated that four groups of 20 subjects were treated for three weeks with daily dosages of either 400 mg PAS, 600 mg PAS, 800 mg PAS, or placebo before exposure to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST). Treatment with 400 mg PAS resulted in a pronounced blunting of both serum ACTH and cortisol, and salivary cortisol responses to the TSST, but did not affect heart rate. The effect was not seen with larger doses of PAS. With regard to the psychological response, 400 mg PAS seemed to exert a specific positive effect on emotional responses to the TSST. While the placebo group showed the expected increase in distress after the test, the group treated with 400 mg PAS showed decreased ...
Background: There is a documented association between affective disorders (e.g., depression and anxiety) and cardiovascular disease in humans. Chronic social stressors may play a mechanistic role in the development of behavioral and cardiac dysregulation. The current study investigated behavioral, cardiac, and autonomic responses to a chronic social stressor in prairie voles,
Background: The Secondary Prevention in Uppsala Primary Healthcare Project (SUPRIM) is a prospective randomized controlled trial of a group-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) stress management program for coronary heart disease (CHD) patients. The intervention reduced the risk of fatal or non-fatal first recurrent cardiovascular (CV) events. The aim of the present study was to analyze if the positive effects of the CBT program on clinical outcomes could have been mediated by changes in biomarkers for inflammation.. Methods: Altogether 362 patients with CHD were randomly assigned to intervention or usual care. The inflammatory biomarkers (VCAM-1, TNF-R1, TNF-R2, PTX3, and hs-CRP) were serially assessed at five time points every six months from study start until 24 months later, and analyzed with linear mixed models.. Results: Baseline levels of the inflammatory markers were near normal, indicating a stable phase. The group-based CBT stress management program did not significantly affect the ...
UIS: Percentage of population age 25+ with at least completed lower secondary education (ISCED 2 or higher). Gender Parity Index in Uruguay was reported at 1.0779 % in 2018, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Uruguay - Percentage of population age 25+ with at least completed lower secondary education (ISCED 2 or higher). Gender Parity Index - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href= target=blank>World Bank|/a> on June of 2021.
Gross enrolment ratio, primary and lower secondary, gender parity index (GPI) in Liechtenstein was reported at 0.9694 GPI in 2017, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Liechtenstein - Gross enrolment ratio, primary and lower secondary, gender parity index - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href= target=blank>World Bank|/a> on December of 2020.
Experiments recently conducted by scientists at the U.S. Army Research Laboratory and Johns Hopkins University are providing an invaluable look at the processes occurring at crystalline scales in real time and will allow for validation of atomistic and crystalline-level models that are being developed within the ARL Enterprise for Multiscale Research in Materials, and the Materials for Extreme Dynamic Environments Collaborative Research Alliance.. According to Dr. John Beatty, who manages the research alliance, these experiments relied on x-rays produced from the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source, or CHESS, and a fast-pixel array x-Ray detector, to peer deep into the crystal plasticity of magnesium at high-strain rates. Data from these experiments rendered temporal resolution at the microsecond scale during a high-strain rate Kolsky bar experiment.. Professor Todd Hufnagel, Johns Hopkins University, designed and led the collaborative execution of these unique first of their kind ...
Chronic stress often affects growth and development negatively, and these effects are often mediated via glucocorticoid hormones, which elevate during stress. We investigated latitudinal variation in corticosterone (CORT) response to chronic predator stress in Rana temporaria tadpoles along a 1500-km latitudinal cline in Sweden tadpoles, in a laboratory experiment. We hypothesized that more time-constrained high-latitude populations have evolved a lower CORT response to chronic stress to maintain higher growth under stressful conditions. Southern tadpoles had higher CORT content in response to predators after 1 day of exposure, whereas there was no increase in CORT in the northern populations. Two weeks later, there were no predator-induced CORT elevations. Artificially elevated CORT levels strongly decreased growth, development and survival in both northern and southern tadpoles. We suggest that the lower CORT response in high-latitude populations can be connected with avoidance of ...
GOALS OF WORK Patients with brain cancer are at a risk of experiencing elevated levels of distress due to the severe functional, neurocognitive, and neuropsychological sequelae of the disease. Using the National Comprehensive Cancer Networks Distress Thermometer, we evaluated the extent and sources of distress within a population of patients with brain cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Participants were asked to complete the Distress Thermometer, a single-item rapid screening tool for distress. The Distress Thermometer is a visual analog scale on which participants rate their level of distress from 0 (none) to 10 (extreme). Participants were also asked to designate which items from a 34-item list constitute sources of distress. MAIN RESULTS Fifty-two percent of participants met the | or =4 cut-off score for distress. The scores were positively correlated with patient-reported emotional sources of distress (r = 0.444, p | 0.001), physical sources of stress (r = 0.231, p | 0.05), and total number of
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Prevalence, type, disclosure, and severity of adverse life events in college students. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
BACKGROUND: Psychological stress and alcohol are both suggested as risk factors for stroke. Further, there appears to be a close relation between stress and alcohol consumption. Several experimental studies have found alcohol consumption to reduce the immediate effects of stress in a laboratory setting. We aimed to examine whether the association between alcohol and stroke depends on level of self-reported stress in a large prospective cohort. METHODS: The 5,373 men and 6,723 women participating in the second examination of the Copenhagen City Heart Study in 1981-1983 were asked at baseline about their self-reported level of stress and their weekly alcohol consumption. The participants were followed-up until 31st of December 1997 during which 880 first ever stroke events occurred. Data were analysed by means of Cox regression modelling. RESULTS: At a high stress level, weekly total consumption of 1-14 units of alcohol compared with no consumption seemed associated with a lower risk of stroke ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Psychological distress associated with active surveillance in patients younger than 70 with a small renal mass. AU - Goldberg, Hanan. AU - Ajaj, Rami. AU - Cáceres, Jaime Omar Herrera. AU - Berlin, Alejandro. AU - Chandrasekar, Thenappan. AU - Klaassen, Zachary. AU - Wallis, Christopher J.D.. AU - Ahmad, Ardalan E.. AU - Leao, Ricardo. AU - Petrella, Anika R.. AU - Kachura, John R.. AU - Fleshner, Neil. AU - Matthew, Andrew. AU - Finelli, Antonio. AU - Jewett, Michael A.S.. AU - Hamilton, Robert J.. PY - 2020/6. Y1 - 2020/6. N2 - Purpose: To compare the psychological distress throughout several predefined disease time points in patients younger than 70 with small renal masses (SRMs) treated with either active surveillance (AS) or ablative/surgical therapy. Methods: Using the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System - revised (ESAS-r) questionnaire, we focused on psychological distress symptoms in all consecutive patients with an SRM between 2014 and 2017. We further evaluated the ...
Metal exposure is a public health hazard due to neurocognitive effects starting in early life. Poor socio-economic status, adverse home and family environment can enhance the neurodevelopmental toxicity due to chemical exposure. Disadvantaged socio-economic conditions are generally higher in environmentally impacted areas although the combined effect of these two factors has not been sufficiently studied. The effect of co-exposure to neurotoxic metals including arsenic, cadmium, manganese, mercury, lead, selenium, and to socio-economic stressors was assessed in a group of 299 children aged 6-12 years, residing at incremental distance from industrial emissions in Taranto, Italy. Exposure was assessed with biological monitoring and the distance between the home address and the exposure point source. Childrens cognitive functions were examined using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) and the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB). Linear mixed models were chosen to
Psychosocial characteristics have been linked to coronary heart disease. In the Belgian Job Stress Project (1994-1999), the authors examined the independent role of perceived job stress on the short-term incidence of clinical manifest coronary events in a large occupational cohort. A total of 14,337 middle-aged men completed the Job Content Questionnaire to determine the dimensions of the extended job strain model, job demands, decision latitude, and social support. Jobs were categorized into high strain, low strain, active jobs, and passive jobs. During the 3-year follow-up, 87 coronary events were registered. At baseline, 17% of workers experienced high strain. Job demands and decision latitude were not significantly related to the development of coronary heart disease after adjustment for covariates. The 38% risk excess among subjects classified in the high-strain category did not reach statistical significance. However, coronary heart disease incidence was substantially associated with the ...
Psychological trauma is an unfortunate and common occurrence after a burn injury. Trauma suffered by burn injury survivors often lurks far beneath physical disfigurement. Insidious and unseen, the attendant social and psychological consequences can often be more damaging than the burn injury itself. Understanding what these symptoms are, and how they manifest themselves, can lead to successful treatment options.. Severe burn injuries are a major source of stress for everyone involved in the burn survivors life. Primary causes of stress include: pain and/or itching during the healing process, reliving the event and the circumstances that caused the burn injury, changes in appearance and the reaction of others to these changes, and worries about the future concerning all of these issues. Psychological stress affects all mind and body functions, and can trigger other medical complications.. Theres a litany of normal physical and emotional reactions to an abnormal event, such as a burn injury. ...
The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship among sources and levels of stress, coping patterns, sources and levels of social support, and psychological distress for MSW students. Stress is a common feeling experienced by people throughout life and it is important to understand the way they cope with their stressors. Most of the research on mental health needs at U.S. universities has focused on undergraduate students (Benton, Robertson, Tseng, Newton, & Benton, 2003) and not on those individuals in graduate school. Attending graduate school is a huge commitment that demands much of the students time and energy in successfully managing a challenging academic workload (Lawson & Fuehrer, 2001). Using the Transactional Model of Stress and Coping as the theoretical framework, this study documented the self-reported stress of MSW students using the Perceived Stress Scale. The Brief COPE measured students evaluation of the stressfulness of situations in the past month of their lives and what
Can emotional stress trigger Parkinsons disease (PD)? This idea is compelling but not new. More than 100 years ago, Gowers wrote that prolonged anxiety and emotional shock are the most common antecedents of Parkinsons disease and advised his patients to refrain from all causes of mental strain and of physical exhaustion. Extreme psychological stress, such as the holocaust, has been associated with PD1 and in some studies ex-prisoners of war had a significantly higher incidence of developing PD several decades after their release.2 More recently, several authors have speculated about the role of emotional stress in PD.3-5. Here, we hypothesise that chronic stress can cause nigrostriatal degeneration in susceptible individuals, who have impairment in stress coping mechanisms. Further, we speculate that the non-motor symptoms in the prodromal phase of PD resemble those seen in patients with functional somatic syndromes. We emphasise that we are putting forward a theory for consideration and ...
Stress is an important causative factor in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).. It remains unknown whether stress-related changes in gut function are mediated by altered autonomic efferent gut-specific innervation.. Dr Murray and colleagues from Middlesex in England studied the effect of acute physical and psychological stress on autonomic innervation and visceral sensitivity in healthy volunteers and patients with IBS.. The researchers included a total of 24 patients (20 women) with constipation-predominant IBS and 12 healthy volunteers (8 women).. Participants underwent either physical (cold water hand immersion) or psychological (dichotomous listening) stress on separate occasions.. Assessments included stress perception (visual analogue scale), gut-specific autonomic innervation (rectal mucosal blood flow [RMBF] by laser Doppler flowmetry), and viscerosomatic sensitivity (anal and rectal electrosensitivity).. ...
Description: A model of social stressor variables, social integration variables and demographic control variables was tested to assess their impact on alcohol use among the elderly. A secondary analysis of a survey on alcohol use among the elderly in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, was conducted to test the major hypotheses of the study. Contingency table analysis, using gamma and partial gamma as correlation coefficients, was utilized in the data analysis. The first hypothesis, in regard to the positive relationship of social stressors with alcohol use, was confirmed. The best predictors of alcohol use among the social stressor variables were usual occupation, length of retirement, annual income, and subjective health status. The second hypothesis, that the social integration variables would be negatively related to alcohol use, received only moderate support. The results of the analysis indicated that six of the ten social integration variables were negatively related to alcohol use. Only three of ...
Psychological stress has long been associated with negative cardiovascular outcomes. Potential mechanisms include the activation of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and/or the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and increased inflammation. However, how psychological stress influences specific immune responses and cardiovascular disease (CVD) state remains elusive. Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a genetic condition caused by a mutation of the ß-globin gene that causes morphological deformation of red blood cells (RBC) to a sickle shape. Patients with SCD are sensitive to stress and experience acute vaso-occlusive episodes (VOE) with an inflammatory component that can result in vital organ damage. Importantly, the mechanistic link between psychological stress, inflammation, and VOE remains to be understood.. Xu et. al. used a SCD mouse model and observed the existence of specific brain-vascular stress signals in CVD. The authors experimentally showed that psychological stress enhanced the ...
Slaughter is a crucial step in the meat production chain that could induce psychological stress on each animal, resulting in a physiological response that can differ among individuals. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between an animals emotional state, the subsequent psychological stress at slaughter and the cellular damage as an effect. In all, 36 entire male pigs were reared at an experimental farm and a cognitive bias test was used to classify them into positive bias (PB) or negative bias (NB) groups depending on their decision-making capabilities. Half of the animals, slaughtered in the same batch, were used for a complete study of biomarkers of stress, including brain neurotransmitters and some muscle biomarkers of oxidative stress. After slaughter, specific brain areas were excised and the levels of catecholamines (noradrenaline (NA) and dopamine (DA)) and indoleamines (5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid and serotonin (5HT)) were analyzed. In addition, muscle proteasome ...
The general aim of the current study was to investigate how perceived health risk of a chemical exposure and self-reported distress are related to perceived odor intensity and odor valence, symptoms, cognitive performance over time as well as reactions to blank exposure. Based on ratings of general distress, 20 participants constituted a relatively low distress group, and 20 other participants a relatively high distress group. Health risk perception was manipulated by providing positively and negatively biased information regarding n-butanol. Participants made repeated ratings of intensity, valence and symptoms and performed cognitive tasks while exposed to 4.7 ppm n-butanol for 60 min (first 10 min were blank exposure) inside an exposure chamber. Ratings by the positive and negative bias groups suggest that the manipulation influenced perceived health risk of the exposure. The high distress group did not habituate to the exposure in terms of intensity when receiving negative information, but ...
When it comes to weight gain for women, childhood stress appears to be a bigger culprit than stress during adulthood, finds a national study led by an MSU sociologist. Interestingly, though, neither childhood nor adult stress was associated with weight gain for men.
Prenatal stress could have great influence on development of offspring and might alter cognitive function and other physiological processes of children. The current study was conducted to study the effect of physical or psychological prenatal stress on addictive and anxiety-like behavior of male and female offspring during their adolescence period (postnatal day (PND) 40). Adult female rats were exposed to physical (swimming) or psychological (observing another female rat swimming) stress from day six of gestation for 10 days. Male and female offspring were assayed for anxiety-like behavior, motor and balance function and morphine conditioned place preference using the open field, elevated plus maze (EPM), rotarod and wire grip assay and conditioned place preference. Offspring in both physical and psychological prenatal stress groups demonstrated significant increase in anxiety-like behavior in EPM paradigm, but no alterations were observed in motor and balance function of animals. Offspring in ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Psychological stress and oxidative damage in lymphocytes of aerobically fit and unfit individuals. AU - Flint, Melanie. AU - Kelly Z., Knickelbein. AU - Jenkins, Frank J.. AU - Baum, A.. PY - 2008/1/1. Y1 - 2008/1/1. M3 - Article. VL - 13. SP - 1. EP - 19. JO - Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research. JF - Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research. SN - 1071-2089. IS - 1. ER - ...
See also: Psychological stress § Management. People often find ways of dealing with distress, in both negative and positive ... Stress can be created by influences such as work, school, peers or co-workers, family and death. Other influences vary by age. ... The major mechanism by which higher education plays a role on reducing stress in men is more so related to labor-market ... Higher education has been linked to a reduction in psychological distress in both men and women, and these effects persist ...
See also: Psychological stress and Sleep. Insomnia is a general term for difficulty falling asleep and/or staying asleep. ... including psychological stress, a poor sleep environment, an inconsistent sleep schedule, or excessive mental or physical ... possibly due to reduced cardiovascular stress mediated by daytime sleep.[36] Short naps at mid-day and mild evening exercise ... the potentially harmful psychological and adjustment consequences, and the availability of promising treatments, all indicate ...
Psychological disorders associated with recurring dreams[edit]. *Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: People suffering from post- ... Through psychological analyses and studies, some recurrent themes have been identified. These include dreaming of being chased ... Anxiety: Evidence suggests that recurrent dreams occur during times of stress and once the problem has resolved they will cease ... traumatic stress disorder can often suffer from recurring dreams. These dreams are thought of as chronic nightmares that act as ...
Sauter, S.L., & Murphy, L.R. (Eds.) (1995). Organizational risk factors for job stress. Washington, DC: American Psychological ... a b c d e f g h i Schonfeld, I.S., & Chang, C.-H. (2017). Occupational health psychology: Work, stress, and health. New York, ... Wang J. (2005). Work stress as a risk factor for major depressive episode(s). Psychological Medicine, 35, 865-871. doi:10.1017/ ... Psychological distress[edit]. Main article: Psychological distress. Longitudinal studies have suggested adverse working ...
Psychological response to injury and stress. *Management of trauma and injuries. Epidemiology[edit]. The Center for Disease ...
Cohen S, Williamson GM; Williamson (1991). "Stress and infectious disease in humans". Psychological Bulletin. 109 (1): 5-24. ... and decreases the psychological and physiological response to acute stress [28]. These effects have been reported to persist ... and decreasing the biological response to acute psychological stress.[46] Over the short-term, aerobic exercise functions as ... When compared to psychological or pharmacological therapies, exercise appears to be no more effective, though this conclusion ...
Psychological. Hair thinning and baldness cause psychological stress due to their effect on appearance. Although societal ... Poot F (2004). "[Psychological consequences of chronic hair diseases]". Revue Médicale de Bruxelles. 25 (4): A286-8. PMID ... Psychological problems due to baldness, if present, are typically most severe at the onset of symptoms.[11] ... Passchier J, Erdman J, Hammiche F, Erdman R (2006). "Androgenetic alopecia: stress of discovery". Psychol Rep. 98 (1): 226-8. ...
Psychological stress. There is growing evidence that psychological stress is a trigger. It can modulate the immune system, ... Chen E, Miller GE (2007). "Stress and inflammation in exacerbations of asthma". Brain Behav. Immun. 21 (8): 993-9. doi:10.1016/ ...
Janis wrote or co-wrote more than a dozen books, including Psychological Stress (1958), Victims of Groupthink (1972), Decision ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Janis, Irving L. (1958). Psychological stress; psychoanalytic and behavioral studies of ... ISBN 978-0-15-569585-6. Janis, Irving L. (1972). Victims of groupthink; a psychological study of foreign-policy decisions and ... ISBN 978-0-395-14002-4. Janis, Irving L.; Mann, Leon (1977). Decision making: a psychological analysis of conflict, choice, and ...
Psychological resilience (also known as stress inoculation). References[edit]. *^ "Inoculate". The Free Dictionary. Retrieved ... For the communication and psychological theory, see Inoculation theory.. "Inoculator" redirects here. For the pop punk EP, see ...
Psychological Science. 19 (1): 62-69. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02047.x. PMID 18181793. Archived (PDF) from the original on ... However, this abnormality is not adequate as a diagnosis tool, because its sensitivity is only 44%.[84][85] These stress- ... Hersen M, Rosqvist J (2008). Handbook of Psychological Assessment, Case Conceptualization, and Treatment, Volume 1: Adults. ... Hankin, Benjamin L.; Abela, John R. Z. (2005). Development of Psychopathology: A Vulnerability-Stress Perspective. SAGE ...
Stress. 20 (2): 105-128. doi:10.1080/02678370600920262. S2CID 144948780. Staal, MA (2004). Stress, cognition, and human ... Psychological and sociological issues affecting space travel Skylab 4 Ball, John R.; Charles H. Evans, Jr.; Committee on ... Role stress profiles of scientist and defence ersonnel in fifteenth Antarctic expedition (PDF). 13. Goa.: National Centre for ... Bowers, CA; Salas, E; Asberg, K; Burke, S; Priest, H; Milham, L (2002). Combat readiness and stress: Laboratory investigations ...
21-34). Washington DC: American Psychological Association. Work and Stress. [5] accessed September 29, 2013 Official website ... In 2000, the journal Work & Stress, which was founded in 1987 by Tom Cox, became associated with the Academy. Other publishing ... The EA-OHP also runs a listserv that promotes communication about research, practice, and teaching bearing on work, stress, and ... The EA-OHP is also associated with the journal Work & Stress. The Academy publishes a newsletter, The Occupational Health ...
Anxiety, Stress & Coping, 9: 229-243. Richardsen, A. M.; Martinussen, M. (2005). "Factorial validity and consistency of the MBI ... Maslach, C. & Jackson, S. E. (1982). Burnout in health professions: A social psychological analysis. In G. Sanders & J. SuIs ( ... Educational and Psychological Measurement, 44: 1009-1016. Kokkinos, C. M. (2006). "Factor structure and psychometric properties ... Symposium, APA/NIOSH conference, Work, Stress, and Health '95: Creating a Healthier Workplace. Washington, DC. Aguayo, R., ...
... alleviation of psychological stress, maintenance of normal sleep, and reduction of menstrual discomfort.[7] Therefore, health ... "L-Theanine reduces psychological and physiological stress responses". Biological Psychology. 74 (1): 39-45. doi:10.1016/j. ... Bryan, Janet (2008). "Psychological effects of dietary components of tea: Caffeine and L-theanine". Nutrition Reviews. 66 (2): ... stress and anxiety in human clinical trials: A systematic review". Journal of Nutrition & Intermediary Metabolism. 4: 41-42. ...
... programs have also been implemented to address stress and psychological trauma among law-enforcement personnel[48] ... Flannery Jr, Raymond B. (1990). "Social support and psychological trauma: A methodological review". Journal of Traumatic Stress ... Strategies for Addressing Stress and Psychological Support; Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, Canadian Department Of National Defence. ... Peer support is an important component of the critical incident stress management program used to alleviate stress and trauma ...
Diathesis-stress theories in the context of life stress research: implications for the depressive disorders. Psychological ... is another interpretation of psychological findings that are usually discussed according to the diathesis-stress model. Both ... While diathesis-stress/dual-risk arises when the most vulnerable are disproportionately affected in an adverse manner by a ... Where the Diathesis-stress model suggests a distinct and mostly negativity-sensitive group, Belsky describes a group that is ...
Alopecia can be the cause of psychological stress. Because hair loss can lead to significant changes in appearance, individuals ... Psychological stress may result.[2] People are generally otherwise healthy.[2] In a few, all the hair on the scalp or all body ... There is no loss of body function, and effects of alopecial areata are mainly psychological (loss of self-image due to hair ... "The psychological impact of alopecia". BMJ (Review). 331 (7522): 951-3. doi:10.1136/bmj.331.7522.951. PMC 1261195 . PMID ...
... loneliness and stress; and psychological aspects of environmental design and planning."[This quote needs a citation] University ... Noise increases environmental stress. Although it has been found that control and predictability are the greatest factors in ... EPRG's mission is to gain a better understanding of the environmental and psychological effects of space, no matter the size, ... In his book Ecological Psychology (1968) Barker stresses the importance of the town's behavior and environment as the residents ...
Psychological Bulletin, 131, 803 - 855. Zautra, A. J. (2003). Emotions, Stress, and Health. London: Oxford University Press. ... Sapolsky, R.M. (2004). Why Zebras Don't Get Ulcers: a guide to stress, stress related diseases, and coping. Third Edition. New ... A classic text in the field is Traumatic Stress, the Effects of Overwhelming Experiences on the Mind, Body and Society. For a ... Part 1: Biological stress systems. Biological Psychiatry, 45, 1259-1270. Henshaw, S.P. & Anderson, C.A. (1996). Conduct and ...
Making decisions under stress: Implications for individual and team training. Washington, DC, US: American Psychological ... Psychological factors can affect fitness to dive, particularly where they affect response to emergencies, or risk taking ... Stress exposure training, which includes exercise of important existing skills in a stressful and distracting environment to ... Situations can develop during dives where external stress can distract the diver and hinder prompt and appropriate response. ...
Malingering of posttraumatic stress disorder Posttraumatic stress disorder University of Toledo PTSD Research Lab ISTSS. " ... Elhai is particularly known for examining the detection of fabricated PTSD using psychological assessment instruments such as ... A survey of traumatic stress professionals". Journal of Traumatic Stress. 18 (5): 541-545. doi:10.1002/jts.20062. PMID 16281252 ... He directs the University of Toledo's Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Research Lab. Elhai is known for being an expert in ...
Gomes, A. Rui; Faria, Susana; Lopes, Heitor (2016-07-09). "Stress and Psychological Health". Western Journal of Nursing ... Psychological Bulletin. 138 (4): 775-808. doi:10.1037/a0027600. PMID 22582737. S., Lazarus, Richard (1984). Stress, appraisal, ... It is a component in a variety of theories relating to stress, mental health, coping, and emotion. It is most notably used in ... According to this theory, two distinct forms of cognitive appraisal must occur in order for an individual to feel stress in ...
"The Stress Reaction Cycle". "Keeping Calm Under Pressure". Psychological Health Care. November 14, 2017. ... Stress "fight or flight" coping response, the "stress cycle", and things to help you stay calm. The psychology of captivity The ... Claims of psychological and/or physical harm from resistance training: It has been suggested that training exercises during ... The psychological impact of suddenly finding yourself alone, lost, or outside your "comfort zone" can be debilitating, ...
Dentato, Michael (April 2012). "The Minority Stress Perspective". American Psychological Association. Retrieved March 29, 2019 ... The HPA helps to regulate an individual's stress response by changing the amount of stress hormones released into the body, ... Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is among the most common reactions in response to a traumatic event. Research has found ... The minority stress model takes into account significant stressors that distinctly affect the mental health of those who ...
High stress levels and anxiety, as well as alcohol's inexpensive cost and easy accessibility, increase the risk. People may ... Various forms of group therapy or psychotherapy can be used to deal with underlying psychological issues that are related to ... The idea of hitting rock bottom refers to an experience of stress that is attributed to alcohol misuse. There is no single ... Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. ISBN 978-1-59147-380-0. "Diagnostic Criteria for Alcohol Abuse and ...
Fisher, J.D.; Nadler, A.; Whitchler-Alagna, S. (1982). "Recipient reactions to stress". Psychological Bulletin. 91: 27-54. doi: ... While these two psychological needs may initially appear to be contradictory (that is, it is not readily apparent how people ... Cutrona, C.E. (1996). Social support in couples: Marriage as a resource in times of stress. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. ISBN 978- ... Ainsworth, M. D. S.; Blehar, M. C.; Waters, E.; Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange ...
"Psychological stress and disease". JAMA. 298 (14): 1685-7. doi:10.1001/jama.298.14.1685. PMID 17925521. "Stress Contributes To ... It is, in medical terms, the consequence of the disruption of homeostasis through physical or psychological stimuli brought ... or psychological resources on the other. The stressful stimuli to the child may be mental (stranger is perceived as a threat, ... to produce other stress-reducing compounds. Usog can also, though less commonly, affect adults, and it may induce vomiting and ...
Cohen, S; Tyrrell DA; Smith AP (August 1991). "Psychological stress and susceptibility to the common cold". New England Journal ... Cohen, S; Janicki-Deverts D; Miller GE (October 10, 2007). "Psychological stress and disease". Journal of the American Medical ... With colleagues he has developed a number of scales assessing psychological and social variables including the Perceived Stress ... Pedersen, A; Zachariae R; Bovbjerg DH (October 2010). "Influence of Psychological Stress on Upper Respiratory Infection-A Meta- ...
Psychological resilience Stress management Hardiness Resourcefulness Declan Connaughton,2008. The development and maintenance ... However, psychologists define resilience as a positive adaptive process of coping with stress and adversity, as opposed to a ... 2002) was to combine existing psychological theory and applied sport psychology in an attempt to bridge the gap between ... They have, using samples of athletes, shown a link between toughness, coping, emotional reactivity, psychological skills and ...
Furthermore, these computational models frame hypotheses that can be directly tested by biological or psychological experiments ... to stress the quantitative nature of the field.[13] ...
Any treatment - whether conventional or alternative - that has a biological or psychological effect on a patient may also have ... Counseling stress therapies, hypnotherapy, Meditation, Reflexology, Shiatsu, Ayurvedic medicine, Nutritional medicine, and Yoga ... Authors have speculated on the socio-cultural and psychological reasons for the appeal of alternative medicines among the ... In addition to the social-cultural underpinnings of the popularity of alternative medicine, there are several psychological ...
... may also contribute to psychological disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder, panic anxiety and mood ... psychological dependence - dependence that involves emotional-motivational withdrawal symptoms (e.g., dysphoria and anhedonia) ... Post RM (1992). "Transduction of psychosocial stress into the neurobiology of recurrent affective disorder". Am J Psychiatry ...
Stress[edit]. There are few high-quality studies to demonstrate that stress causes or worsens acne.[60] Despite being ... It may result in psychological and social problems.[20] Scars[edit]. Acne scars are caused by inflammation within the dermis ... Possible secondary contributors include hormones, infections, diet, and stress. Studies investigating the impact of smoking on ... Rodriguez-Vallecillo E, Woodbury-Fariña MA (December 2014). "Dermatological manifestations of stress in normal and psychiatric ...
It is thought to be an extension of the quantifiable psychological perception of sound. Common groups at risk of becoming ... rendering them less effective and putting more stress on the inner hair cells.[4] This can lead to fatigue and temporary ...
The psychological sequelae of therapeutic abortion--denied and completed. PMID 2018157.. *↑ Fergusson DM, Horwood LJ, Ridder EM ... Putting the woman under trauma or stress to cause miscarriage is considered induced abortion. Some countries call this feticide ... Psychological problems[change , change source]. Few studies have been done to see if an abortion affects the woman ... the study later told media that given these results it would be very hard to say that having an abortion has no psychological ...
The requirement of a history of psychological stressors and that the symptom is not fake was removed as well.[30] ... and given that a psychological cause cannot be identified in many cases, they may be more appropriate. Within DSM 5, patients ... where seizures are caused by psychological reasons) and malingering (simulating seizures intentionally for conscious personal ... "Psychological and psychiatric aspects of psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES): A systematic review" (PDF). Clinical ...
1926). The Divining Rod: An Experimental and Psychological Investigation. Kessinger Publishing Reprint Edition, 2004. ... Geopathic stress. *Gesellschaft zur wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung von Parawissenschaften (organisation that tests if dowsers ... The Divining Rod: An Experimental and Psychological Investigation. (1926) Kessinger Publishing, 2004: p.7 ...
208-09, Quote: "Advaita and nirguni movements, on the other hand, stress an interior mysticism in which the devotee seeks to ... In Helena Blavatsky's Theosophy, the soul is the field of our psychological activity (thinking, emotions, memory, desires, will ...
As the weight of the body shifted forward, the hips were taken out of alignment and the knee joints experienced stress in order ... Evolutionary Psychological Science. 4 (2): 1-8. doi:10.1007/s40806-017-0123-7.. ... wanted to determine if heel height increased patellofemoral joint stress during walking.[25] The patellofemoral joint refers to ... of the foot experienced an increase in pressure resulting in increased discomfort levels and peak patellofemoral joint stress. ...
Kidney problems can have significant impact on quality and length of life, and so psychological support, health education and ...
Psychological Review. 107. *Schopenhauer, Arthur (1839). On the Freedom of the Will., Oxford: Basil Blackwell ISBN 0-631-14552- ... Some views in Jewish philosophy stress that free will is a product of the intrinsic human soul, using the word neshama (from ... "Psychological Science. 19 (1): 49-54. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02045.x. PMID 18181791. Retrieved 2011-04-29.. ... "Social Psychological and Personality Science. 1 (1): 43-50. doi:10.1177/1948550609351600. Retrieved 2011-04-29.. ...
Psychological and social consequences[edit]. After sex reassignment surgery, transsexuals (people who underwent cross-sex ... Social support can help them to relate to their minority identity, ascertain their trans identity and reduce minority stress.[ ... For many individuals, these may require a minimum duration of psychological evaluation and living as a member of the target ... the American Psychological Association,[15] and the National Association of Social Workers.[16] ...
The World Health Organization (WHO) classified it in 1980 as a drug of abuse that can produce psychological dependence,[3] ... passed a law that restricted the cultivation of khat in a number of agricultural flatlands and basins with high water stress. ... In 1980, the WHO classified the plant as a drug of abuse that can produce mild to moderate psychological dependence (less than ...
A 2017 theoretical review on the use of music therapy in post-traumatic stress disorder suggests that music therapy may be a ... Music interventions may have positive effects on psychological and physical outcomes in people with cancer.[51] A 2016 meta- ... For example, a patient with chronic pain may decrease the physiological result of stress and draw attention away from the pain ... Music therapists use their techniques to help their patients in many areas, ranging from stress relief before and after ...
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... and this psychological drama would have been ruined if the piano was effectively playing the whole time, albeit discreetly. In ... presumably to stress its pathetic nature rather than to dictate a particularly slow speed. Conversely, the slow movement of the ...
"Psychological Stress and the Cutaneous Immune Response: Roles of the HPA Axis and the Sympathetic Nervous System in Atopic ... Stress[edit]. Schematic overview of the hypothalamic-pituary-adrenal (HPA) axis.Stress activates the HPA-axis and thereby ... Stress and development[edit]. Schematic overview of the hypothalamic-pituary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Stress activates the HPA-axis ... Early life stress[edit]. The role of early life stress in programming the HPA Axis has been well-studied in animal models. ...
Moreover, psychological distress has been reported to be at its highest when sight loss is not complete, but the prognosis is ... Symptoms of cortical blindness vary greatly across individuals and may be more severe in periods of exhaustion or stress. It is ... Therefore, early intervention is imperative for enabling successful psychological adjustment.[22]. Associated problemsEdit. ...
Psychological fitness to dive. Research. Researchers in. diving physiology. and medicine. *Arthur J. Bachrach ...
Other stressors include the emotional labor of caring for ill people and high patient loads. The consequences of this stress ... Caregivers and others who focus on the health and psychological care needs of older adults. ... "Exposure to Stress: Occupational Hazards in Hospitals". NIOSH Publication No. 2008-136 (July 2008). 2 December 2008. doi: ... Elevated levels of stress are also linked to high rates of burnout, absenteeism and diagnostic errors, and reduced rates of ...
Psychological environmentEdit. Establishing psychological safety and a safe learning environment is of utmost importance within ... Mitchell, J.T. & Everly, G.S. (1993). Critical incident stress debriefing: An operations manual for the prevention of traumatic ... The aim is to reduce stress, accelerate normal recovery, and assist in both the cognitive and emotional processing of the ... Fosnot, C. T., & Perry, R. S. (1996). Constructivism: A psychological theory of learning. Constructivism: Theory, perspectives ...
... is a cognitive-physiological theory on alcohol abuse in which many of alcohol's social and stress-reducing ... Lac, Andrew; Berger, DE (September 2013). "Development and validation of the alcohol myopia scale". Psychological Assessment. ... Alcohol can alleviate the drinker's feelings of stress or anxiety. Alcohol myopia limits those under the influence of alcohol ... Perspectives on Psychological Science. 5 (3): 265-278. doi:10.1177/1745691610369467. PMID 26162159.. ...
Psychiatrists later suggested that the supposed abduction was a hallucination brought on by the stress of being an interracial ... explaining his conclusions that the case was a singular psychological aberration.[28] ... The remainder of the experience is ascribed to stress, sleep deprivation, and false memories "recovered" under hypnosis. After ...
Teede H, Deeks A, Moran L. Polycystic ovary syndrome: a complex condition with psychological, reproductive and metabolic ... Circulating markers of oxidative stress and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): a systematic review and meta-analysis. Hum. ... Reactive oxygen species-induced oxidative stress in the development of insulin resistance and hyperandrogenism in polycystic ... there seems to be a relation between PCOS and increased level of oxidative stress.[46] ...
Neave N (2008). Hormones and behaviour: a psychological approach. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0521692014. .. ... stress, growthe an development, muivement, reproduction, an muid.[1][2] Hormones affect distant cells bi bindin tae speceefic ...
... who preferred to stress the "pluralism" of evolution (i.e., its dependence on many crucial factors, of which natural selection ...
Females also prefer to mate with males who have not experienced social stress during adolescence, and can determine which males ... psychological and other biological experiments, and constitute an important model organism. This is because they grow quickly ... adolescent social stress history and social status". Hormones and Behavior. 89: 30-37. doi:10.1016/j.yhbeh.2016.12.001. PMID ... were stressed even without any observed difference in sexual performance of males experiencing stress during adolescence and ...
Stress is a type of psychological pain. Small amounts of stress may be desired, beneficial, and even healthy. Positive stress ... "stress". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 2019-04-19.. - "stress (n.) [...] The purely psychological sense is attested ... Hans Selye (1974) proposed four variations of stress.[4] On one axis he locates good stress (eustress) and bad stress (distress ... Chronic stress can correlate with psychological disorders such as delusions.[49] Pathological anxiety and chronic stress lead ...
... stress chez lhumain (fr); стресс (ru); stress, Stress, Psychological (en); streso (eo); 壓力 (心理學), 心因型壓力, 情緒負荷, 精神壓力, 心理压力 (zh ... psychological stress psychological feeling of strain and pressure, that could increase the risk of strokes, heart attacks, ... stress (it); سترێسی فیزیۆلۆژی (ckb); psychological stress (en); psikologia streso (eo); stres (cs); estrès psicològic (ca) ... Media in category "Psychological stress". The following 34 files are in this category, out of 34
The process of learning can be regarded as a model of psychological stress, since any active operator has to cope with the ... increases the reserve of adaptation to psychological stress and it can be used as a countermeasure against psychological stress ... Psychological Stress Military Medicine Activity Sphere Incorrect Action Personality Sphere These keywords were added by machine ... The process of learning can be regarded as a model of psychological stress, since any active operator has to cope with the ...
What is Stress?[edit]. The first definition for stress was created in 1936 by Hans Selye. He stated that stress is"the non- ... Increased stress has been shown to increase productivity up to a certain point(Institute of Stress). Past this point, stress ... Stress initiates a release of cortisol, norepinephrine, and serotonin (Stress and Cardiovascular disease & Stress on the Brain ... What are some signs I am too stressed out?[edit]. Stress has long been considered a bad thing by most people. This is probably ...
Get quick facts; learn about stress in general; learn why we need it, and the long-term effects of chronic stress. ... Take this quiz to evaluate your IQ of psychological and emotional stress. ... American Psychological Association: Stress: The Different Kinds of Stress &, ... American Psychological Association: Exercise Fuels the Brains Stress Buffers , ...
... acute psychological stress promoted healing in mouse models of three different types of skin irritations, in a study led by UC ... Brief, acute psychological stress promoted healing in mouse models of three different types of skin irritations, in a study led ... Acute psychological stress promotes skin healing in mice Naturally-occurring steroids, which damage skin during prolonged ... Acute psychological stress promotes skin healing in mice. University of California - San Francisco ...
The American Psychological Association defines stress as any uncomfortable emotional experience accompanied by predictable ... What is an operational definition of stress?. A: Stress can be defined operationally as the means by which the bodys coping ... The American Psychological Association defines stress as "any uncomfortable emotional experience accompanied by predictable ... Where can you find a template for a psychological case study?. A: Psychological case study templates are accessible online at ...
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) occurs after a person has experienced a traumatic event such as natural disaster. Thus. ... Psychological Conditions & Their Effects, In Relation To The Movie Guilt is an emotional experience associated with feeling ... PTSD is less frequent and more enduring than the more commonly seen acute stress response. anger. they develop hyper-arousal ... As an effect of psychological trauma. While Freud felt that there was an active censorship against the unconscious even during ...
... the biology linking chronic psychological stress and its maladaptive effects remains largely unknown. Klotho is a pleiotropic ... Chronic psychological stress is associated with accelerated aging and premature morbidity and mortality; however, ... Longevity factor klotho and chronic psychological stress Transl Psychiatry. 2015 Jun 16;5(6):e585. doi: 10.1038/tp.2015.81. ... Chronic psychological stress is associated with accelerated aging and premature morbidity and mortality; however, the biology ...
Indiana University researchers examine one important consequence of this occupational sex segregation: the stress exposure of ... Women in mostly male workplaces exhibit psychological stress response. Indiana University. Meeting. 2015 American Sociological ... Cortisol is a stress hormone that naturally fluctuates through the day, but people with high levels of interpersonal stress ... Racial/ethnic discrimination associated with lower well-being among adolescents American Psychological Association ...
A new report suggests that psychological distress may be a better indicator than medical imaging or injections when it comes to ... Over the course of the study, the volunteers, along with a control group, completed yearly physical and psychological ... The researchers determined that patients suffering psychological distress were three times more likely to develop back pain ...
Analysis of the responses showed that those who took a lunchtime walk were more relaxed and less stressed at work compared to ... It should come as no surprise that exercise can provide stress-busting benefits to workers, but most research looking at the ... A team of researchers led by psychological scientist Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani of Curtin University in Australia made use of a ... replenishing depleted mental resources and helping people cope with stress. In addition to the exercise itself, Thøgersen- ...
... the psychological response to the COVID-19 pandemic positively affects pregnancy stress, and security sense negatively affects ... Psychological Response to COVID-19 Affects Pregnancy Stress. FRIDAY, Sept. 11, 2020 -- Among pregnant women, the psychological ... Psychological response was found to positively affect pregnancy stress, while security sense had a negative impact on pregnancy ... The response between psychological response and pregnancy stress was mediated by security sense. ...
Additional psychological stress mechanisms.. Additional psychological stress mechanisms measured in the questionnaires were as ... psychological stress in children might be caused by negative family circumstances, e.g., parenting stress, experiences of ... Psychological Stress May Induce Diabetes-Related Autoimmunity in Infancy. Anneli Sepa, Jeanette Wahlberg, Outi Vaarala, Ann ... Psychological Stress May Induce Diabetes-Related Autoimmunity in Infancy. Anneli Sepa, Jeanette Wahlberg, Outi Vaarala, Ann ...
Study: Forcing a Smile Genuinely Decreases Stress. APS regularly opens certain online articles for discussion on our website. ... Then, they were subjected to a series of stress-inducing, multitasking activities, which they struggled to perform while ... The subjects heart rates and self-reported stress levels were monitored throughout. ... the Spanish language may influence how individuals build emotion schemas and appraise stress, influencing cardiovascular ...
60 after the psychological stress test ]. Secondary Outcome Measures : *Changes in copeptin levels after a psychological stress ... Copeptin During a Standardized Psychological Stress Test (PsyCo). The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... Stress, Psychological. Kidney Diseases. Urologic Diseases. Pituitary Diseases. Endocrine System Diseases. Behavioral Symptoms. ... Changes in copeptin levels after a psychological stress test in healthy volunteers [ Time Frame: 30min before, at time point 0 ...
But some suffer far longer, caught in the grip of long-term debilitating disorders such as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD ... Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Research, Ritalin, Schizophrenia, Stress, Trauma ... Researchers use brain imaging to uncover susceptibility to psychological stress and trauma. *Download PDF Copy ... But some suffer far longer, caught in the grip of long-term debilitating disorders such as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD ...
PubMed journal article Psychological stress and susceptibility to the common col were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime ... "Psychological Stress and Susceptibility to the Common Cold." The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 325, no. 9, 1991, pp. ... Psychological Stress and Susceptibility to the Common Cold. N Engl J Med. 1991 Aug 29;325(9):606-12. PubMed PMID: 1713648. ... TY - JOUR T1 - Psychological stress and susceptibility to the common cold. AU - Cohen,S, AU - Tyrrell,D A, AU - Smith,A P, PY ...
Effect of psychological stress on salt and water transport in the human jejunum.. Barclay GR, Turnberg LA. ... These results suggest that psychological stress can influence jejunal absorption of salt and water and that this effect may be ... system might be involved in the control of intestinal absorption was assessed by measuring the effect of psychological stress, ... Jejunal water, sodium, and chloride absorption measured in 9 subjects during three consecutive stress-free periods did not ...
Ferrie, Jane E; Marmot, Michael; Griffiths, John; Ziglio, Erio; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe (‎Copenhagen : WHO Regional Office for Europe, 1999)‎ ...
Background: Psychological stress (PS) and clinical depression are associated with a significant increase in cardiovascular ... Abstract 16089: Fluoxetine Rescues Psychological Stress-Induced Impairment of Neovascularisation. Fritz Maingrette, Julie ... Non-stressed control mice were left unperturbed in their cage with free access to food and water. Stressed mice were treated or ... Abstract 16089: Fluoxetine Rescues Psychological Stress-Induced Impairment of Neovascularisation. Fritz Maingrette, Julie ...
Discovering that psychological stress may be a risk factor for PD would be an enormously important finding that may, in part, ... All persons experience psychological stress. In fact, its pervasiveness is the primary cause of countless diseases. Although ... Psychological Stress as a Risk Factor for Parkinsons Disease. Rapid Response Innovation Awards, 2011. ... In order to address this question, we will subject two types of pre-clinical model to chronic psychological stress beginning ...
... the psychological distress of a partner may have a negative impact on the well being of either person. ... Psychological Stress Associated With Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment is a Problem. by Hannah Punitha on March 24, 2008 at 8:23 ... Stress and the Gender Divide. Stress has become entwined in the current lifestyle of a young working couple and has resulted in ... In the survey, husbands with wives under high stress rarely reported psychological or emotional problems. "Men tend not to say ...
A consequence of the specific connections of stress is that executive functions tend to be interrupted when the stimulation ... In this chapter, we discuss the impact of stress on cognitive executive functions associated with academic achievement and also ... The level of cellular stress becomes evident with the increase of cortisol. Cellular processes such as inflammation, ... proliferation/death, and oxidative stress have been shown in murine models resembling cognitive impairment in humans. This ...
... and the VA/DoD Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Acute Stress Disorder ( ... Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that can develop after exposure to a traumatic event.[1] Many ... Ongoing life stress or adverse events. *Lack of positive social support/negative social support (e.g., negative reactions from ... Psychological Health Center of Excellence (PHCoE). 7700 Arlington Blvd. Suite 5101. Box #22 (Silver Spring Office). Falls ...
There is no current evidence that psychological debriefing is a useful treatment for the prevention of post traumatic stress ... Psychological debriefing for preventing post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2002;(2):CD000560. ... Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of brief psychological debriefing for the management of psychological distress after ... Background: Over approximately the last last fifteen years early psychological interventions such as psychological debriefing ...
Related topics: stress Psychology & Psychiatry Stop worrying about not getting enough exercise and being too stressed - you may ... Its January, so its likely that you have set yourself goals to be more physically active and less stressed in 2018. ...
Involvement of vasopressin 3 receptors in chronic psychological stress-induced visceral hyperalgesia in rats.. Bradesi S1, ... These data support a major role for V(3) receptors in repeated psychological stress-induced visceral hyperalgesia and suggest ... Rats were exposed to a daily 1-h session of water avoidance stress (WAS) or sham WAS for 10 consecutive days. The visceromotor ... Visceral hypersensitivity and stress have been implicated in the pathophysiology of functional gastrointestinal disorders. We ...
Psychological and Behavioral Interventions. Debriefing. Critical incident stress debriefing is one of the most commonly ... Psychological debriefing and prevention of post-traumatic stress. More research is needed. Br J Psychiatry. 1994 Dec. 165(6): ... encoded search term (Acute Stress Disorder) and Acute Stress Disorder What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and ... Rescue workers may develop the same symptoms as victims, including those of acute stress disorder (ASD) or posttraumatic stress ...
Stress can come in many forms. Anxiety causes stress, depression causes stress, and life events can also cause stress. On the ... Effects of Psychological Disorders on the Immune System. Depression and Stress. The issue of whether stress causes depression ... Effects of Stress and Psychological Disorders on the Immune System. David B. Beaton. Rochester Institute of Technology. This is ... Psychological Bulletin, 108, 363-382.. Salzano, R. (2003), Taming stress. Scientific American, 289, 88-98.. Weisse, C. S. (1992 ...
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) occurs after a person has experienced a traumatic event such as natural disaster. (
  • But some suffer far longer, caught in the grip of long-term debilitating disorders such as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). (
  • To assess the effectiveness of brief psychological debriefing for the management of psychological distress after trauma, and the prevention of post traumatic stress disorder. (
  • Single session individual debriefing did not reduce psychological distress nor prevent the onset of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (
  • There is no current evidence that psychological debriefing is a useful treatment for the prevention of post traumatic stress disorder after traumatic incidents. (
  • Systematic reviews suggest that interventions targeted at all of those exposed to such events are not effective at preventing post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can occur following a traumatic event. (
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a distressing condition, which is often treated with psychological therapies. (
  • To assess the effects of psychological therapies for the treatment of adults with chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (
  • Post traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD , is a consequence of exposure to extreme traumatic experiences such as combat, torture, assault, rape, robbery or serious motor vehicle accidents. (
  • This monograph focuses on post-traumatic stress disorder, major depression, and traumatic brain injury. (
  • This guideline covers the identification and pathways to care for adults with common mental health disorders, specifically depression, generalised anxiety disorder, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. (
  • Many survivors of the intensive care unit (ICU) suffer from persistent symptoms of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (
  • A literature review was carried out to establish the extent of the literature on interventions for psychological distress and post-traumatic stress disorder in emergency ambulance personnel. (
  • After involvement in a disaster, personnel may be at risk of acute stress disorder, which can be a risk factor for developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (
  • Do psychological treatments reduce symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder? (
  • This Evidence Update is adapted from Bisson J, Andrew M. Psychological treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (
  • Trauma focused cognitive behavioural therapy (TFCBT), eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR), stress management, and group TFCBT reduce traumatic symptoms in post-traumatic stress disorder. (
  • The United States has compensated military veterans for service-related injuries since the Revolutionary War, with the current indemnity model established near the end of World War I. The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) began to provide disability benefits for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the 1980s after the diagnosis became part of official psychiatric nosology. (
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious, potentially debilitating psychiatric disorder that can develop after experiencing one or more terrifying or horrific events. (
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may develop following exposure to an extremely threatening or horrific event. (
  • The United States provides a range of benefits for veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which was incurred in, or aggravated by, their military service. (
  • [4] On one axis he locates good stress (eustress) and bad stress (distress). (
  • A new report suggests that psychological distress may be a better indicator than medical imaging or injections when it comes to predicting who will develop aching backs. (
  • The researchers determined that patients suffering psychological distress were three times more likely to develop back pain than those with better coping skills. (
  • When a couple is dealing with cancer, the psychological distress of a partner may have a negative impact on the well being of either person, says a new study on 168 married couples. (
  • Whether it is my own or my partner's, psychological distress may impact my quality of life," said Kim. (
  • The psychological distress of the female partner seemed to have the greatest effect whether the woman was the breast cancer survivor or the caregiver of a man with prostate cancer. (
  • If the female has higher level of psychological distress, the male partner will have higher level of psychosomatic problems," Kim added. (
  • A range of other forms of intervention have been developed to try to reduce psychological distress for individuals exposed to trauma. (
  • The amelioration of psychological distress following traumatic events is a major concern. (
  • The impact of traumatic exposure on psychological distress and posttraumatic stress was investigated at 14 months through self-report in 1,505 Swedish tourists who survived the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami. (
  • Lessons learned from outbreaks of other infectious diseases indicate that such challenging treatment environments require the monitoring of health care professionals for psychological distress (e.g., anxiety, depression, fatigue, and social isolation) to prevent personal exhaustion and reduced job performance ( 1 ). (
  • We hypothesized that health care professionals working in the isolation unit who had direct contact with the Ebola patient would show more signs of psychological distress than those not working in the isolation unit. (
  • Background and Aims: This study examined the stress levels, the stressors and biomarker such as Alpha ( α )-Amylase enzyme which is secreted under distress conditions. (
  • The Personal Stress Inventory (PSI) questionnaire was used to identify stressors, while the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were used to determine the psychological distress levels. (
  • Conclusion: Breast cancer respon dents with musculoskeletal system related symp toms, with heavy work load and poor task delivery, as well as had poor memory and short attention span were at higher risk of experiencing psychological distress. (
  • The salivary α -amylase which had significant relationships with psychological distress was therefore, a potential biological indicator for distress, while the musculoskeletal system related symptoms from the PSI questionnaire were predictors for distress. (
  • Organizational justice, psychological distress, and stress-related behaviors by occupational class in female Japanese employees. (
  • This study aimed to evaluate the psychological distress and associated risk factors for distress among patients with gastric epithelial neoplasm undergoing endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD).A tot. (
  • Community criminal justice supervised mothers are an underserved population who experience high rates of psychological distress and unique parenting challenges, but little is known about physiological. (
  • The aim of a study done by Watson, Gardiner, Hogston, Gibson, Stimpson, Wrate and Deary, 2009), was to examine how a range of demographic, personal, circumstantial/environmental factors and stress contribute to differences in psychological distress in newly qualified nurses and nursing students. (
  • Emergency ambulance personnel are vulnerable to psychological distress in both the short-term and long term. (
  • The aims of this review were to identify literature relating to interventions aimed at treatment or prevention of PTSD or psychological distress in this population. (
  • Mindfulness-based stress reduction lowers psychological distress in me" by Steven Rosenzweig MD, Diane K. Reibel et al. (
  • Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is an educational intervention designed to improve coping skills and reduce emotional distress. (
  • To this end, we assessed the response of a range of physiological and psychological parameters to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) in IBS. (
  • At baseline week 8, HPA axis (plasma cortisol and ACTH) response to the Trier Social Stress Test and behavioral measures of threat responsivity (via Dot-Probe task) and approach motivation (Effort Expenditure for Rewards Task 'EEfRT') will be determined. (
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS -In study 1, 20 patients were exposed to moderate psychosocial stress by means of the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) in the fasting state. (
  • The present study aims to examine whether and how the continuum of trait anxiety scores predict the acute psychological stress response induced by a standardized laboratory stress induction procedure(the Trier Social Stress Test, TSST) while controlling for the potentially confounding factors of gender, age and education years. (
  • Using a non-randomized approach, all participants were exposed to moderate psychological stress by means of the Trier Social Stress Test: 10 participants in the fasting state and 20 participants 75 min after intake of a standard meal. (
  • On the stress-test day, when the Trier Social Stress Test was applied 75 min after the intake of a standard meal, the glucose concentrations were significantly higher compared with the control day (mean difference 1.5 mmol/l, 95% CI 0.5-2.4, P = 0.003). (
  • Researchers have found that stressors can make individuals more prone to both physical and psychological problems, including heart disease and anxiety . (
  • The field of PsychoNeuroImmunology (PNI) has clearly demonstrated that the physiological response to psychological stressors can dramatically impact the functioning of the immune system, thus identifying one way in which susceptibility to or severity of diseases are exacerbated during stressful periods. (
  • This chapter describes research at the interface between the fields of PNI and Microbial Endocrinology to demonstrate that natural barrier defenses, such as those provided by the commensal microflora, can be disrupted by exposure to psychological stressors. (
  • When considered together, a scenario emerges in which psychological stressors induce a neuroendocrine response that has the potential to directly or indirectly affect commensal microflora populations, the integrity of barrier defenses, and the internalization of microbes. (
  • These findings provide the first evidence that klotho levels are sensitive to psychosocial stressors and raise the possibility that klotho may serve as a novel biological link connecting stress, depression and risk for accelerated disease development. (
  • Chronic exposure to these types of social stressors is known to cause vulnerability to disease and mortality through dysregulation of the human body's stress response. (
  • It is thought that it is via sensitization of the H-P-A axis that an abnormal stress response is developed in response to these events/ stressors which in turn causes emotional disorders and later life sleeping disorders. (
  • Therefore, the current study compared HPA axis response to two different psychological stressors among a sample of cocaine dependent individuals. (
  • A number of investigations have indicated that the skin is especially sensitive to psychological stress, and experimental evidence shows that the cutaneous innate and adaptive immune systems are affected by stressors. (
  • One way to deal with stress is to change the way you think about stressors. (
  • Methods: 182 healthy men and women (41.43±11.47 yrs) were exposed to a standardized laboratory stress protocol involving four interpersonal stressors. (
  • Stress, as defined in Exploring Psychology: Sixth addition in Modules , is "the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging. (
  • This study explores how occupa- tional simulated stressors during computer work, like glare and psychosocial stress, affect physiological responses in young females with normal vision. (
  • We applied chronic psychological stress by exposing European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) to a previously validated chronic stress protocol (CSP) consisting of 4 different randomly applied stressors per day. (
  • Stress can increase the risk of strokes , heart attacks , ulcers , and mental illnesses such as depression [2] and also aggravation of a pre-existing condition. (
  • Major health concerns that are linked to stress include depression, heart disease and substance abuse. (
  • The researchers found that during the COVID-19 pandemic, the most common psychological responses among pregnant women were fear and depression. (
  • He is working on applying this technology to the diagnosis of additional psychological disorders, including schizophrenia, depression, and attention deficit disorder (ADD) for the better management of these diseases. (
  • In humans, models of stress have been closely linked to the context depression. (
  • Long-term/ chronic psychosocial stress is known to cause depression symptoms but the effect of chronic stress on sleep without the confounding factor of depression is unclear. (
  • Psychological stress (PS) and clinical depression are associated with a significant increase in cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. (
  • There was also no evidence that debriefing reduced general psychological morbidity, depression or anxiety. (
  • This research has found correlations between stress, depression and the immune system. (
  • High levels of workload, few lulls between periods of high workload, high levels of career/future ambiguity, poor relationships with supervisors, as well as low levels of task meaningfulness and completeness were significant predictors of psychological stress outcomes (tension, anxiety, depression and fatigue). (
  • Testosterone, the predominant male sex hormone, in turn, is poorly studied in stress research despite its negative associations with many "classic" stress-related disorders, such as depression, diabetes or obesity in middle-aged and elderly men. (
  • Objective: Female adolescents are suffering a higher prevalence of psychological disorder such as depression, anxiety and stress. (
  • Numerous studies have shown that adolescent girls have a higher prevalence of psychological disorder such as depression, anxiety and stress than boys that affect on their healthy status and successes as well [ 1 , 4 , 5 ]. (
  • If stress continues for a long period of time, it may lead to crying, depression, apathy, fear of failure, overall sense of doom, and a loss of confidence (What are the Effects of Stress, 2007). (
  • Even people suffering from stress, anxiety, frustration, depression, or any type of psychological problems can be cured with mindfulness meditation . (
  • Indeed, previous research has shown that low reactions to acute psychological stress were related to dependencies (e.g. alcohol addiction, smoking) and maladaptive health behaviours (e.g. depression, bulimia). (
  • The patients' quality of life is affected by anxiety, depression and stress. (
  • In this study we found that there was no major depression or anxiety after laparotomy or laparoscopy, while we found a statistically significant improvement in psychological state and closer serum level of IL-6 to the normal level before surgeries compared with the laparoscopy group and the laparotomy group. (
  • IL-6 may be the biological indices reflecting the severity of depression after therapy, and laparoscopy would be better than laparotomy on the improvement of psychological state. (
  • PTSD is less frequent and more enduring than the more commonly seen acute stress response. (
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that can develop after exposure to a traumatic event. (
  • Other non- trauma -focused psychological therapies did not reduce PTSD symptoms as significantly. (
  • The aim was to assess efficacy, comparative effectiveness, and harms of psychological and pharmacological treatments for adults with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may develop following exposure to a traumatic event. (
  • A study of victims of road traffic accidents, 4 found that 80% of those who fulfilled the criteria for acute stress disorder went on to develop PTSD. (
  • Whether klotho is linked to psychosocial stress or its negative impact in humans has not been investigated. (
  • Psychosocial stress in families may affect children negatively due to a link to hormonal levels and nervous signals that in turn influence both insulin sensitivity/insulin need and the immune system. (
  • Parents completed questionnaires at birth and at 1 year, including various measures of psychosocial stress (e.g., parenting stress) and sociodemographic background. (
  • Patients with IBS exhibit sustained HPA axis activity, and an increase in problematic GI symptoms in response to acute experimental psychosocial stress. (
  • These data pave the way for future interventional studies aimed at identifying novel therapeutic approaches to modulate the HPA axis and GI symptom response to acute psychosocial stress in IBS. (
  • OBJECTIVE -To compare the effect of acute psychosocial stress on glucose concentrations in the fasting state and following food intake in patients with type 1 diabetes. (
  • The aim of our study was therefore to test whether the effect of acute psychosocial stress on glucose concentrations is different in the fasting compared with the fed state. (
  • As an effect of psychological trauma. (
  • Over approximately the last last fifteen years early psychological interventions such as psychological 'debriefing' have been increasingly used to treat psychological trauma. (
  • One to two years after the initial psychological care, 64 women were evaluated using the Trauma Screening Questionnaire (TSQ), the Global Assessment of Functioning scale (GAF) and an assessment scale to address medico-psychological care in emergencies (EUMP). (
  • And how are they coping with years of exposure to trauma and stress prior to arrival in the U.S. and the stress of migration? (
  • Our research team, Stress, Trauma, and Anxiety Research Clinic STARC at Wayne State University, has been exploring the psychological impact of traumatic experiences in Syrian adult and children refugees. (
  • Nurses often experience occupational stress, burnout and secondary trauma in their workplaces. (
  • Stress can be external and related to the environment, [3] but may also be caused by internal perceptions that cause an individual to experience anxiety or other negative emotions surrounding a situation, such as pressure, discomfort , etc., which they then deem stressful. (
  • Anxiety, high blood pressure and sleeplessness are a few stress-related issues. (
  • In some cases however the stress and anxiety produced does, in fact, result in an objective reduction in quality of sleep. (
  • For example, in one recent double blind study in humans using standardized questionnaires indicated a greater reduction of stress and anxiety symptoms after one month of supplementation with a probiotic formulation compared to placebo. (
  • By stabilizing E2 variability with a hormonal manipulation, this research will determine the degree to which the E2 variability (or E2 levels) plays a causal role in perimenopausal anxiety and anhedonia symptoms and whether it does so by affecting biological responses to stress. (
  • So, try keeping a kind of 'anxiety and stress journal', whether real or virtual. (
  • When do you feel anxious and stressed and what are those physical signs of anxiety? (
  • Emerging evidence suggests that personality, especially trait anxiety, might be a significant predictive factor of individual difference in response to acute stress. (
  • Two hierarchical multiple regression analyses were utilized to study how trait anxiety predicts the heart rate and salivary cortisol response toward stress.The result showed that the TSST elicited significantly acute psychological stress responses. (
  • Regression analysis corroborated that after controlling for gender, age and education years, trait anxiety significantly and negatively predicted heart rate response(β =-0.35, p 0.01), but not salivary cortisol response to acute psychological stress. (
  • The present findings suggest that trait anxiety is a powerful predictor of sympathetic adrenal medulla response, i.e., individuals with higher level of trait anxiety perform lower sympathetic nerve activity in rapid response to acute psychological stress. (
  • The changes in neuroendocrine factor and immune system and their possible relationship after psychological stress and training were investigated in the different trait anxiety athletes. (
  • Step2: 32 high and low trait anxiety groups were randomly redivided into two subgroups, the psychological training group and the control group. (
  • 2)At the normal condition, GC secretion was not different, but after the stress, was distinctly ascended, particularly for the high anxiety group. (
  • It shows that malfunction of the cell immunity mainly results from high anxiety person in the high stress. (
  • In order for people to better understand whether or not they have too much stress in their lives, they must be able to identify the signs and symptoms of unhealthy stress levels. (
  • Physical symptoms of stress may include. (
  • In addition, high-stress caregivers who reported more depressive symptoms displayed even lower klotho levels compared with low-stress participants. (
  • Psychological stress was associated in a dose-response manner with an increased risk of acute infectious respiratory illness, and this risk was attributable to increased rates of infection rather than to an increased frequency of symptoms after infection. (
  • Although the impact of psychological stress on Parkinson s disease (PD) has yet to be fully defined, there is ample evidence that PD symptoms worsen during times of stress. (
  • A new review states that regular exercise and psychiatric counseling might help cancer patients suffering from symptoms of fatigue and stress. (
  • There was evidence that individual TF-CBT was effective for individuals with acute traumatic stress symptoms compared to both waiting list and supportive counselling interventions. (
  • Randomised controlled trials of any psychological intervention or treatment designed to reduce acute traumatic stress symptoms, with the exception of single session interventions. (
  • Stress is a psychophysiological body change, noticeable through physical and psychological symptoms to react to a situation of stress and oppression. (
  • Stress is a process rather than a single reaction, because when a person is submitted to a stress source, a long biochemical process is installed and its onset is manifested in a very similar manner by symptoms such as tachycardia, excessive sweating, muscle tension, dry mouth and sensation of alertness. (
  • Hair cortisol levels, psychological stress and psychopathological symptoms prior to instrumental deliveries. (
  • MEASUREMENT AND FINDINGS: Perceived stress, pregnancy-specific stress, psychopathology symptoms and hair cortisol level were assessed in pregnant women throughout the third trimester of pregnancy until they gave birth. (
  • Salivary cortisol, salivary C-reactive protein (CRP), skin conductance level (SCL), GI symptoms, mood and self-reported stress were measured pre- and post-exposure to the TSST. (
  • The relation between higher stress, angina, and some categories of hospital admissions probably resulted from the tendency of participants reporting higher stress to also report more symptoms. (
  • Indiana University Bloomington researchers Bianca Manago, a doctoral student in sociology, and Cate Taylor, an assistant professor of sociology and gender studies, examine one important consequence of this occupational sex segregation: the stress exposure of women working in highly male-dominated occupations. (
  • Cortisol is a stress hormone that naturally fluctuates through the day, but people with high levels of interpersonal stress exposure have different patterns of fluctuation than people exposed to more average levels of stress. (
  • And previous researchers have hypothesized that exposure to such difficult and negative workplace climates can expose these women to chronic stress. (
  • The IU research is the first to demonstrate that such negative workplace climates can be expressed in these women's bodies and can, in fact, dysregulate their stress response, potentially for years after the exposure to the stressful workplace climate. (
  • The reduction in GABA receptors in the hypothalamus seen in chronic stress reduces the inhibition of stress hormone release however does not appear to impact sleep patterns after exposure to a stressful social stimulus in animals. (
  • Prolonged exposure to stress during different stages of development interferes with both academic achievement and executive functions that provide a basis for learning [ 2 , 3 ]. (
  • We conclude that attention processes modulate the increases of salivary cytokines after stress exposure, and that these effects depend on stress level, particular attention network, and stimulus valence. (
  • Our bilingual team at STARC, many of whom are refugee doctors, took the challenge of screening Syrian and Iraqi refugees for common consequences of exposure to extreme traumatic experiences and stress of migration. (
  • Exposure, differentiated in single and multiple types, was associated with different levels of impaired mental health measured by General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) and Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R). Additionally, having sole exposure to subjective life threat brought about specific psychological effects. (
  • Some demographic factors are associated with outcome on either the GHQ or the IES-R. Identifying specific types of exposure of disaster survivors may be a way to identify individuals who could be screened for psychological ill health at a later point in time. (
  • These data suggest that exposure to natural environments may warrant further investigation as a health promotion method for reducing stress. (
  • Objective: The current study sought to evaluate the immediate impact of exposure to psychological stress on the plasma FAs profile of healthy adults, and to determine whether these responses differ according to age, sex, and participant's basal Omega-3 values. (
  • The purpose of this paper is to assess the strength of association between exposure to stress and stroke. (
  • We conducted a case-control study (1:1) to compare exposure to stress in a group of patients with a history of a first transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or minor stroke and in a control group. (
  • Myers, 2005, p. 449) Stress is looked at in two different forms, perceived stress and stressor exposure. (
  • Conclusions Exposure to glare and psychological stress during computer work were shown to influence the trapezius mus- cle, posture, and blink rate in young, healthy females with normal binocular vision, but in different ways. (
  • The researchers found that the stressed mice showed significantly reduced inflammation and faster healing in all three types of skin irritation. (
  • Jejunal water, sodium, and chloride absorption measured in 9 subjects during three consecutive stress-free periods did not change significantly. (
  • The results indicated that the monitored employees had significantly higher levels of reported psychological stress than the non-monitored employees. (
  • The salivary α -amylase concentration was significantly related to the stress levels (p = 0.002). (
  • CONCLUSIONS -In the postprandial period, acute psychological stress induced a significantly delayed decrease of glucose concentrations, whereas in the fasting state, no effect on poststress glucose concentrations was observed. (
  • A previous study ( 16 ) in healthy men showed a significantly more pronounced cortisol response to psychological stress following an oral glucose load compared with the cortisol response in the fasting state. (
  • Through the psychological training, the athletes adapted to the psychological stress and then the change of T-lymphocyte proliferative responses and IL-1 activity were not significantly different compared with the pre-stress. (
  • Subjective and psychological wellbeing factors added significantly to the explained stress variance. (
  • CONCLUSIONS: When stress is experienced in the postprandial period, acute psychological stress significantly increases glucose concentrations in patients with Type 2 diabetes. (
  • 2. The blood pressure responses were suppressed significantly in the E group compared with the P group during cage-switch and restraint stress. (
  • The plasma norepinephrine response induced by cage-switch stress was attenuated significantly in the E group. (
  • After one week of HDT, all volunteers developed psychological stress, and secretion of CgA, cortisol, alpha-amylase, and beta-endorphin were all significantly higher. (
  • Under chronic stress, these same naturally-occurring steroids damage the protective functions of normal skin and inhibit wound healing, but during shorter intervals of stress, they are beneficial for inflammatory disorders and acute injury in both mice and humans," said senior investigator Peter Elias, MD, a UCSF professor of dermatology based at the San Francisco VA Medical Center (SFVAMC). (
  • He said that while his research team did not study other kinds of inflammatory disorders, "the same benefits of psychological stress should accrue in any acute illness or injury. (
  • This review discusses the current evidence for psychological stress-associated mental health disorders as risk factors for osteoporosis, the mechanisms that may link these conditions, and potential implications for treatment. (
  • High stress was associated with a higher rate of admissions to hospital generally and for admissions related to cardiovascular disease and psychiatric disorders (fully adjusted rate ratios for any general hospital admission 1.13, 1.01 to 1.27, cardiovascular disease 1.20, 1.00 to 1.45, and psychiatric disorders 2.34, 1.41 to 3.91). (
  • Moreover, psychological stress may trigger or exacerbate immune mediated dermatological disorders. (
  • Conclusion: This study concluded that the prevalence rates of mental disorders and stress reported for high school females of Iran, Thus there it is needed to develop effective strategies to promote psychological well-being and stress management, especially for female adolescence. (
  • Psychological stress plays an important role in an array of intestinal disorders. (
  • 1 2 Using CRH receptor antagonists efficiently abolishes the stress-induced epithelial barrier dysfunction, 2 3 which implicates a therapeutic potential for those stress-related disorders. (
  • It is also involved in stress-induced immune disorders in the body, such as exacerbation of inflammatory bowel disease. (
  • The facts that stress induces release of SP, pretreatment of experimental animals with CRH antagonist, α-helical, abolishes stress-induced disorders in the body 1 2 9 implicate that SP is involved in the CRH-related mucosal disorders. (
  • By providing wider access to emotion words, creating the potential for more optimism, and enhancing social relations, the Spanish language may influence how individuals build emotion schemas and appraise stress, influencing cardiovascular reactivity and recovery. (
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of a probiotic blend on qualitative (subjective interviews and self-reporting) and quantitative (changes in brain activity, heart rate, cortisol, and reactivity) measures of stress in healthy undergraduate students. (
  • Serum E2 will be assessed weekly during weeks 9-16, and HPA axis reactivity to stress and behavioral responses to the Dot-Probe and EEfRT tasks will be assessed every four weeks during the 16 week probe. (
  • The frequency and intensity of the stressful stimuli can promote physiological and psychological effects on the body, such as the executive functions of the brain. (
  • this pilot study investigated the effect of four urban environments on physiological and psychological stress measures. (
  • Over the course of the study, the volunteers, along with a control group, completed yearly physical and psychological evaluations. (
  • Providing medical care for Ebola virus-infected patients entails physical and psychological stress, extended shift times, and risk for infection. (
  • It has been shown that there is a definite connection between chronic stress and physical and psychological responses in the body. (
  • For example, feeling mildly stressed when carrying out a project or assignment often compels us to do a good job, focus better, and work energetically. (
  • Chronic mildly stressed rats display a reduction in inhibitory GABA receptors in the hypothalamus (increasing the release of stress hormones) and brain stem among others. (
  • however, the biology linking chronic psychological stress and its maladaptive effects remains largely unknown. (
  • Furthermore, these findings have important implications for understanding the plasticity of the aging process and may represent a therapeutic target for mitigating the deleterious effects of chronic psychological stress on health and well-being. (
  • Therefore, we asked what would happen if a pre-clinical model with a known genetic vulnerability to PD was subjected to chronic psychological stress. (
  • In order to address this question, we will subject two types of pre-clinical model to chronic psychological stress beginning two days after birth and ending at the end of adolescence. (
  • Our studies demonstrated that chronic psychological stress increased resting levels of inflammation, a factor that, when increased, has been shown to facilitate nigral cell death. (
  • These data suggest that chronic psychological stress might have deleterious consequences in an environment where inflammation is primed to facilitate cell death. (
  • In a large study involving parents of both children with cancer and parents with children who were relatively healthy, the results showed that chronic psychological stress might reduce the immune system's reactions to hormonal secretions that were normally used to fight the inflammatory response (Miller, Cohen, & Ritchey, 2002). (
  • Chronic psychological stress has been associated with higher levels of glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C) ( 4 - 6 ). (
  • The Effect of Chronic Psychological Stress on the Blood Chemistry of European Starlings (Sturnus Vulgaris). (
  • CONCLUSIONS - Psychological stress, measured as psychosocial strain in the family, seems to be involved in the induction, or progression, of diabetes-related autoimmunity in the child during the 1st year of life. (
  • CONCLUSIONS This implausible protective relation between higher levels of stress, which were associated with increased smoking, and mortality from smoking related cancers, was probably a product of confounding. (
  • CONCLUSIONS: This is the first meta-analysis exploring the association between endometriosis and psychological stress. (
  • We found that PS is associated with reduced number of EPCs, increased oxidative stress levels, and impairment of EPC angiogenic activities (adhesion, migration, integration into tubules). (
  • Importantly, FX can rescue EPC number, oxidative stress levels and EPC functional activities in mice exposed to PS. (
  • Potential mechanisms include decreased oxidative stress levels, improved activation of angiogenic pathways, and rescue of EPC number / functional activities. (
  • Cellular processes such as inflammation, proliferation/death, and oxidative stress have been shown in murine models resembling cognitive impairment in humans. (
  • In the present study, we investigated the effect of zinc supplementation on the iron metabolism, erythropoiesis, and oxidative stress status in PS-induced rats. (
  • These results indicated that dietary zinc supplementation had preventive effects against PS-induced iron dyshomeostasis, erythropoiesis inhibition, and oxidative stress status in rats. (
  • Yu SY, Feng Y, Shen ZL, Li M (2011) Diet supplementation with iron augments brain oxidative stress status in a rat model of psychological stress. (
  • Sreedhar B, Nair KM (2005) Modulation of aconitase, metallothionein, and oxidative stress in zinc-deficient rat intestine during zinc and iron repletion. (
  • Messaoudi I, El-Heni J, Hammouda F, Saïd K, Kerkeni A (2009) Protective effects of selenium, zinc, or their combination on cadmium-induced oxidative stress in rat kidney. (
  • Furthermore, estrogen replacement attenuated a basal level of plasma 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal, a marker for oxidative stress, and tended to enhance plasma NOx level. (
  • Surveys for current members contained validated measures of burnout, psychological morbidity, job satisfaction/stress, and questions about consideration of alternate work. (
  • Psychological morbidity, job satisfaction, and job stress were not associated with any of the demographic variables measured, but burnout was most prevalent among non-physician programme members. (
  • 1 West Berkshire Traumatic Stress Service, Berkshire Healthcare NHS Trust, UK. (
  • This review evaluated the results of 15 studies that tested a diverse range of psychological interventions aimed at treating acute traumatic stress problems. (
  • Further research is required to evaluate longer terms effects of TF-CBT, to explore potential benefits of other forms of intervention and to identify the most effective ways of providing psychological help in the early stages after a traumatic event. (
  • Recently other forms of intervention have been developed with the aim of treating acute traumatic stress problems. (
  • To perform a systematic review of randomised controlled trials of all psychological treatments and interventions commenced within three months of a traumatic event aimed at treating acute traumatic stress reactions. (
  • Journal of Traumatic Stress, p. n/a. (
  • EMDR is a psychological therapy , which aims to help a person reprocess their memories of a traumatic event. (
  • Critical incident stress debriefing (CISD) is "a structured intervention designed to promote the emotional processing of traumatic events through the ventilation and normalisation of reactions and preparation for possible future experiences. (
  • This training, and quite a bit more, is available on-line from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network . (
  • In addition, the sympathetic activity which stress instigates, leads to a suppression of the immune system which may worsen allergies and lead to greater susceptibility to illnesses (Stress and Cardiovascular disease). (
  • It has been suggested that individual differences in susceptibility to stress may play a part. (
  • 3 One way of assessing this susceptibility is by measuring blood pressure reactions to an acute psychological stress task. (
  • In psychology , stress is a feeling of emotional strain and pressure. (
  • Stress is not only a change in a body response but more specifically a "physical, mental, or emotional strain or tension" (Institute of Stress). (
  • The American Psychological Association defines stress as "any uncomfortable emotional experience accompanied by predictable biochemical, physiological and behavioral changes. (
  • Connections between the emotional and cognitive areas of the brain were recorded as subjects were exposed to continuous stimulations designed to cause stress and other emotional effects such as horror and sadness. (
  • In the survey, husbands with wives under high stress rarely reported psychological or emotional problems. (
  • When a man has a stressed-out wife, reports from the men suggest it is their physical health, not emotional well-being, that is likely to suffer, he said. (
  • This study aimed to investigate the impact of mental stress on salivary cytokines and attention to emotional stimuli, as well as associations between stress-induced changes of immune and cognitive parameters. (
  • Stress wherein emotional factors predominate. (
  • it has been demonstrated that factors leading to stress, such as increasing patient load, also lead to emotional exhaustion. (
  • Journal Article] Chronic estrogen supplementation following ovariectomy improves the emotional stress-induced cardiovascular responses by indirect action on the nervous system and by direct action on the heart. (
  • Analysis of the responses showed that those who took a lunchtime walk were more relaxed and less stressed at work compared to the non-walking control group. (
  • It's January, so it's likely that you have set yourself goals to be more physically active and less stressed in 2018. (
  • In animal studies, psychologically stressed rats display an increase in total REM sleep and average length of REM phase duration (but not number of cycles). (
  • Zhao M, Chen J, Wang W, Wang L, Ma L, Shen H, Li M (2008) Psychological stress induces hypoferremia through the IL-6-hepcidin axis in rats. (
  • We investigated the sex difference in stress-induced cardiovascular responses and the effect of estrogen on these responses in free-moving adult rats. (
  • 4. The I.C.V.injection of a-helical CRH (9-41), a CRH-41 receptor antagonist, did not attenuated the stress-induced hypertension in the 3 groups of female rats. (
  • Activation of 5-HT(1A) receptors attenuates tachycardia induced by restraint stress in rats. (
  • A mild psychological stress induced by a cage-switch evoked a norepinephrine surge in the male, but not in the female rats. (
  • These results suggest that estrogen replacement suppresses cardiovascular responses to psychological stress at least partly through its anti-oxidative effect on the periphery and through its inhibitory effect on neuronal activation in the brain of ovariectomized rats. (
  • Blunted physiological reactions to acute psychological stress: A novel marker of risky behaviour, addiction, and poor health? (
  • Carroll D, Hunt K, Phillips A, Der G, Bibbey A, Benzeval M & Gintey A (2013) Low forced expiratory volume is associated with blunted cardiac reactions to acute psychological stress in a community sample of middle-aged men and women. (
  • It has been argued recently that blunted cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress have adverse behavioural and health corollaries that reflect dysregulation of the neural systems that support motivation. (
  • We examined the association between cardiovascular reactions to a standard stress task, the paced auditory serial arithmetic rest, and forced expiratory volume in one second, an effort, hence motivation, dependent assessment of lung function measured by spirometry. (
  • As found by Weekes, MacLean, and Berger (2005) your reactions to stress mentally and physically will manifest different dependent on your sex. (
  • FRIDAY, Sept. 11, 2020 -- Among pregnant women, the psychological response to the COVID-19 pandemic positively affects pregnancy stress , and security sense negatively affects pregnancy stress, according to a study published online Sept. 9 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing . (
  • Psychological response was found to positively affect pregnancy stress, while security sense had a negative impact on pregnancy stress. (
  • RESULTS At first screening behavioural risk (higher smoking and alcohol consumption, lower exercise) was positively associated with stress. (
  • Finally, the attitude of the medical team acknowledging the patients' psychological stress may positively affect their treatment. (
  • The objective of the study is to assess the communication difficulties and psychological stress in patients receiving mechanical ventilation. (
  • The main objective of this study was to assess the relationship between indicators of wellbeing and stress and to further assess the relative importance of these wellbeing indicators in explaining stress variance in a large sample of Eastern Cape primary and high school teachers in South Africa. (
  • Stress, therefore, is a costly business affair, that affects two aspects-first, the employee's health-which directly affects the second-the organization's profits. (
  • Psychological stress is an intrinsic part of life that affects all organs of the body through direct nervous system innervation and the release of neuroendocrine hormones. (
  • Apart from studies on changes of immune cell counts, proportions and functions in response to stress, recent research has focused on the question how stress affects markers of inflammation. (
  • We will selectively highlight how the interplay between psychological stress and the immune system affects atopic dermatitis and psoriasis. (
  • Stress can cause both physical and physiological affects on a person. (
  • Stress affects a person psychologically by causing a decrease in concentration, moodiness quick temper, less memory recall, unreasonable anger,, irritability, less patience difficulty making decisions, and uncertainty towards the future due to not being able to cope with the present. (
  • It is important to know the how you perceive these events because how a person reacts to stress can have positive or negative affects on your health. (
  • There have been many studies on stress and its negative health affects to the immune system. (
  • He noted that other researchers have recently proposed that psychological stress has a potential role in promoting healing, "but that work has focused on the immune system rather than glucocorticoids as the responsible, beneficial mediator. (
  • Previously, psychological stress has been linked to a number of negative health consequences, ranging from pain and sleep deficiencies to negative effects on cardiovascular, endocrine, and immune systems ( 11 , 12 ). (
  • This is a review of the psychological field of psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) and how psychopathology has an impact on the immune system. (
  • second, the effects of psychopathology on the immune system and how perceived stresses are assessed. (
  • Specifically, one highly active area of research is where psychologists have been studying the effects that stress and psychopathology have on the immune system. (
  • Internal factors such as stress have been implicated in causing a deficient immune system because of the nature of the body's response in dealing with this problem. (
  • The capabilities of the immune system are diminished after frequent activation of the autonomic nervous system in the case of chronic stresses. (
  • Considerable evidence indicates that psychological stress can lead to alterations of the immune system ( Segerstrom and Miller, 2004 ). (
  • Psychological stress can trigger the activation of numerous physiological responses, including the endocrine, nervous, and immune systems [ 1 - 7 ]. (
  • Based on that the blockade of CRH or CRH receptors abolished stress-induced intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction, skewed immune responses in the intestine, 2 3 additional studies showing expression of CRH in ileum lamina propria cells, 7 and the tetrodotoxin blocking experiment as shown in supplementary fig S1, we hypothesised that CRH could be produced by immune cells in the intestine in response to stress. (
  • On a physical level stress can produce back, shoulder and neck muscle tension, bowel and stomach upset, and if the stress persists over a long period of time it can lead to the weakening of the immune system (What are the Effects of Stress, 2007). (
  • Thus, 6° HDT appears to be a valid model to induce psychological stress changes in the immune system, changes that might also be encountered by astronauts and cosmonauts during both a short stay in space, such as that required while orbiting a space station, and in longer spaceflights. (
  • Data were obtained from the psychological questionnaire for emergent events of public health, pregnancy stress scale, and security questionnaire. (
  • Participated in this study 20 volunteers submitted to a questionnaire to evaluate signs of psychological stress. (
  • A questionnaire that included the effort-reward imbalance scale, the Psychological Capital Questionnaire and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, as well as demographic and working factors, was distributed to 1739 employees of state-owned banks. (
  • The questionnaires, which consisted of an effort-reward imbalance scale, Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ) for job satisfaction, and the psychological capital questionnaire (PCQ-24), as well as questions about demographic characteristics, were distributed to 1800 township cadres and complete responses were received from 1525 participants. (
  • Job strain was measured using the Job Content Questionnaire, and AL was assessed by various possible stress responses, including blood pressure, cholesterol, indicators of glucose metabolism , and hormone and inflammation markers. (
  • Participants were asked a subjective question about their perception of stress in the previous months and completed the standardised Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) questionnaire. (
  • Immediately after each computer-work session, fixation disparity was measured and a questionnaire regarding perceived workstation lighting and stress was completed. (
  • In 1997 a systematic review of single session psychological "debriefing" was undertaken and this subsequently became a protocol and Cochrane Review published in 1998 (Issue2). (
  • The neuroendocrine hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis is a system of hormones that culminates in the release of cortisol from the adrenal glands in response to acute stress and is also seen to regulate sleep patters. (
  • Recently, An increasing number of studies are focusing on individual differences in response to acute psychological stress. (
  • Thus, Enoant use increases the reserve of adaptation to psychological stress and it can be used as a countermeasure against psychological stress in personnel. (
  • Stress not only increases a persons' chances of participating in unhealthy activities (eating unhealthily, not exercising due to work load, drinking alcohol, and smoking), it also trigger physiological responses which predispose a person to heart disease. (
  • However, he contrasted the "substantial benefits" seen from modest increases in glucocorticoid levels brought on by short-term stress with the "adverse effects that we see all too commonly" with steroid therapy. (
  • The rates of both respiratory infection (P less than 0.005) and clinical colds (P less than 0.02) increased in a dose-response manner with increases in the degree of psychological stress. (
  • Further, better orienting attention after presentation of negative cues was associated with higher increases in IFN-α, TNF-α, IL-2, IL-5, and IL-10 in both groups, and higher overall levels of IFN-α, IFN-γ, and IL-12p70 in the high-stress group. (
  • Research shows that psychological interventions given to women suffering from cancer can improve their coping abilities and overall function, decreases stress levels, enhances adherence to treatments,and increases quality of life and even life expectancy. (
  • 05). Significant Sex by Age interactions for Omega-6 (β= -0.160) and polyunsaturated FAs (β=-0.146), revealed particularly large stress-related increases in these parameters among older men and, to a lesser degree, younger women. (
  • However, the impact of psychological stress negates any influence of the spice blend on triglycerides, and further, increases blood glucose and insulin. (
  • Chronic substance use is associated with elevated basal cortisol concentrations and a blunted cortisol response to stress which has been shown to predict substance use outcomes. (
  • However, little is known about the specific conditions under which drug users display a dysregulated cortisol response to stress. (
  • We believe that our findings explain why this otherwise harmful component of the stress response has been preserved during human evolution," he said. (
  • Findings also indicated that students, who had good relation with teachers, had 54% less probability of low psychological well-being than those who had not. (
  • Wang L, Wang WY, Zhao M, Ma L, Li M (2008) Psychological stress induces dysregulation of iron metabolism in rat brain. (
  • For example, an encounter with a predator induces an acute psychological stress which in turn activates the release of substances from the adrenal medulla. (
  • Brief, acute psychological stress promoted healing in mouse models of three different types of skin irritations, in a study led by UC San Francisco researchers. (
  • Researchers have found that events that have occurred within the past month generally are not linked to stress or illness, while chronic events that occurred more than several months ago are linked to stress and illness and personality change. (
  • A team of researchers led by psychological scientist Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani of Curtin University in Australia made use of a specially designed cell phone app to gauge the changes in people's mood in the moment, in an attempt to get a more accurate picture of how exercise influences mood throughout the workday. (
  • This study concludes that the experience of a serious life event (reasonably indicating psychological stress) during the first 14 years of life may be a risk factor for developing Type-1 diabetes," said the study by researchers from Link ping University in Sweden. (
  • Psychological stress should be treated as a potential risk factor, and should be examined further in future epidemiological studies, for instance in relation to genetic risk, the researchers noted. (
  • Future researchers should conduct larger scale studies with carefully matched healthy non-drug using participants to determine whether the absence of a significant stress effect on cortisol functioning is specific to chronic cocaine use. (
  • Time said that researchers have found out that mindfulness meditation improves sleep quality, fatigue and insomnia in those people who not only have trouble in sleeping, but suffering from high stress, fear, and frustration. (
  • January 2015-- Researchers at The Pennsylvania State University examined the effects of culinary spices and psychological stress on postprandial lipemia and lipase activity. (
  • Normal stress levels allow the body to recuperate following a stressful situation and to re-balance hormone levels. (
  • Excess cortisol is secreted during times of physical or psychological stress, and the normal pattern of cortisol secretion (with levels highest in the early morning and lowest at night) can be altered. (
  • Extreme and consistently high levels of stress can negatively affect health. (
  • The subjects' heart rates and self-reported stress levels were monitored throughout. (
  • The aim of the PsyCo Study is to determine whether psychological Stress has an influence on copeptin levels. (
  • Chronic maternal stress in pregnancy exposes the foetus to increased levels of glucocorticoid and inflammatory markers which in turn negatively effects the H-P-A axis and disrupts sleep regulation of the foetus. (
  • Infection rates ranged from approximately 74 percent to approximately 90 percent, according to levels of psychological stress, and the incidence of clinical colds ranged from approximately 27 percent to 47 percent. (
  • Based on Conservation of Resources Theory, we suggest that PC breach perceptions represent a perceived loss of valued resources, subsequently leading employees to experience higher stress levels resulting from emerging negative emotions. (
  • Since an increase in cortisol levels in patients with type 1 diabetes may cause elevated glucose concentrations, the effect of acute psychological stress on glucose concentrations may critically depend on whether stress is applied in the fasting or fed state. (
  • Research indicates that patients show high levels of stress from at least six days before surgery and up to a week post the operation. (
  • Stress levels return to normalcy only after several weeks. (
  • In addition, thinking that stress is enhancing was associated with lower levels of cortisol, a hormone closely associated with the stress response. (
  • It is believed by many experts that people should take steps to decrease their stress levels in order to fight off the many problems that are sure to follow chronic stress. (
  • Stress may have an effect on blood pressure, blood sugar levels, increased heartbeat, and a lower digestive rate. (
  • Psychological stress may compromise fatty acids (FAs) levels. (
  • 20 were not associated with increased HR of HZ but thereafter it increased linearly from 1.10 (95% CI: 0.85-1.41) to 2.22 (95% CI: 1.32-3.75).Our study indicated that high levels of psychological stress are associated with increased risk of HZ. (
  • 1, 2 One review 3 concluded that: "Compared to other health professionals and fire-fighters, EMTs' [emergency medical technicians] stress and burnout levels are among the highest. (
  • Former members indicated that burnout and high levels of job stress were most responsible for their decision to leave and that increasing the number of programme staff and, consequently, reducing the number of hours worked would have influenced their decision to stay. (
  • We aimed to verify the prevalence and levels of psychological stress among women with endometriosis. (
  • For the stress levels we used the restricted maximum likelihood estimator for summary effects. (
  • Measures included perceived psychological stress, coronary risk factors, self reported angina, and ischaemia detected by electrocardiography. (
  • and additional data about environmental self-identity, pre-existing stress, and perceived restorativeness of settings were collected as measures of covariance. (
  • Inclusion of covariates in a regression analysis demonstrated significant predictive value of perceived restorativeness on these stress measures, suggesting some potential level of mediation. (
  • Allostatic load (AL) is an index that allows the cumulative effect on the body of chronic stress to be reviewed, and is derived from a set of relevant biological measures. (
  • The PSS measures chronic stress perceived by a person in response to various demands of daily life. (
  • This would mean a greater focus on exploring indices or measures of positive functioning such as subjective and psychological wellbeing. (
  • Measures included perceived psychological stress, coronary risk factors, and indices of lifecourse socioeconomic position. (
  • 2014). Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Veteran Populations: Final Assessment . (
  • Conny Blaauwendraat , Adrienne Levy Berg , Amanda Lundvik Gyllensten , One-year follow-up of basic body awareness therapy in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder. (
  • Psychological and Pharmacological Treatments for Adults With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder by Daniel E Jonas et al. (
  • Balb/c mice were subjected to restraint stress in a well ventilated tube for 20 minutes each day, 5 days per week. (
  • Mice were treated with chronic restraint stress. (
  • 8 9 In preliminary studies, we observed a significant increase in SP in jejunal tissue of mice after treatment with restraint stress (supplementary fig S2). (
  • Furthermore, we assessed the central role of estrogen on the effect of corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) in stress-induced cardiovascular responses. (
  • Publications] Keiko Morimoto, Yoko Kurahashi, Nobusuke Tan: 'Chronic estrogen replacement suppresses stress-induced cardiovascular responses in female rats'Circulation (Suppl). (
  • It is not known whether psychological stress suppresses host resistance to infection. (
  • Majority of respondents (66.66%) scored Intensive Care Psychological Assessment Tool more than 7. (
  • A stressor is any event, experience, or environmental stimulus that causes stress in an individual. (
  • Though rare in occurrence, this type of stressor typically causes a great deal of stress in a person's life. (
  • In order for stress to form, whether it is from a good or bad situation, there must be a stressor causing tension to appear. (
  • Chronic stress can become difficult for the body to manage and can be psychologically and physically debilitating. (
  • Chronically stressed people are. (
  • To address this gap, we recruited 178 healthy women who were either chronically high-stress maternal caregivers for a child with autism spectrum disorder (n = 90) or low-stress control mothers of a typically developing child (n = 88). (
  • Background: Little is known about the impact of psychological support in war and transcultural contexts and in particular, whether there are lasting benefits. (
  • In the past, single session interventions such as psychological debriefing were widely used with the aim of preventing continuing psychological difficulties. (
  • Methods: Women who attended the Médecins Sans Frontières program for sexual violence in Brazzaville during the conflict were selected to evaluate the psychological consequences of rape and the late effect of post-rape psychological support. (
  • Previous research showed that perceptions of psychological contract (PC) breach have undesirable individual and organizational consequences. (
  • From a practical standpoint, stress can have detrimental consequences both for the individual and the organization. (
  • This volume addresses the delivery of mental health services during wartime, discusses the concept of combat stress reaction, the delivery of mental health care on the various battlefields, and the psychological consequences of modern combat. (
  • It was also found that long-term chronic stress may lead to neuroendocrine perturbations that may have consequences for blood pressure and obesity (Sun, Wang, Zhang and Li, 2007). (
  • However, there are strong indications that stress is quite prevalent amongst South African teachers and its negative consequences, such as absenteeism, are widely experienced (e.g. (
  • Recent large scale epidemiological studies have increased our understanding of the mechanisms generating cardiac risk and have provided evidence indicating that psychosocial factors, including stress at work and at home, financial stress, recent major life events and the presence of depressive illness are involved here, "triggering" clinical cardiovascular events, and possibly also contributing to hypertension and atherosclerosis development. (
  • Several psychological and pharmacological treatments have at least moderate SOE supporting their efficacy. (
  • The process of learning can be regarded as a model of psychological stress, since any active operator has to cope with the tasks of attentive and quick perception and memorizing of information, to work out an adequate behavior model as well as to implement it in practice. (
  • Studies on the cause/effect relationship between exercise and stress strongly suggest that physical activity helps the brain cope with and respond to stress. (
  • One explanation for why a short stroll packs such a mood-elevating punch is that taking a walk may help people mentally recover during the day, replenishing depleted mental resources and helping people cope with stress. (
  • Our investigation of the psychological stress of health care professionals in a Western tertiary care center showed that a well-trained and dedicated team can cope well with the stress of caring for a severely ill Ebola patient. (
  • Measurements and Instruments include: 1) Self-report questionnaires, such as:Profile of Mood States (POMS-SF),Coping Inventory (COPE), Life Orientation Test Revised (LOT- R),Stress Level Report, 2) Demographics, 3) Global assessment by the head nurse. (
  • Time intervals for the collection of blood and saliva and the administration of the questionnaires: During the first week after being given the diagnosis and prior to the intervention:Blood & saliva, Stress Level Report, POMS-SF, COPE, LOT-R A day prior to surgery:Blood & saliva, Stress Level Report On discharge from hospital:Blood & saliva, Stress Level Report 30 days after surgery:Stress Level Report,POMS-SF,COPE,LOT-R. (
  • The hormone known as cortisol helps the body manage stress. (
  • Adrenal glands manufacture the hormone cortisol as well as adrenaline, both of which help the body manage responses to stress and convert sugar and fat to energy. (
  • b) whether recent severe life stress predicts the HPA axis response to hormone stabilization. (
  • Over four years, 401 women who were stopping contraception and trying to have a baby underwent saliva testing for two stress-related substances: the enzyme alpha-amylase, and the hormone cortisol. (
  • Corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH) is involved in the pathogenic process induced by psychological stress. (
  • We and others have revealed that psychological stress has a strong impact on the induction of intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction in which the corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH) plays a critical role. (
  • Here, we highlight the potential roles of key stress mediators, including corticotropin-releasing hormone and its receptors, in modulating the negative effects of early-life stress on adult hippocampal neurogenesis and hippocampal plasticity. (
  • On the other hand, chronic stress causes an imbalance of these hormones, with excess in some areas of the body and deficiencies in others (Stress and Cardiovascular disease). (
  • The scientists found that healing was brought about by the anti-inflammatory effects of glucocorticoids - steroid hormones - produced by the adrenal glands in response to stress. (
  • Research on stress and stress-related health impairments mainly focuses on classic stress hormones, such as cortisol and catecholamines. (
  • The acute psychological stress was induced by the TSST and the stress response was measured with heart rate(the index of the response in sympathetic adrenal medulla) and salivary cortisol(the index of the response in hypothalamus pituitary-adrenal). (
  • Blood pressure, heart rate and salivary cortisol were monitored on the control day and the stress-test day. (
  • Babov KD (1999) Aktivatsiya stress-limitiruyuschikh system organizma - odin iz podkhodov k optimizatsii naznacheniya fizioterapevticheskihk faktorov u kardiologicheskihk bol'nykh (Activation of stress-limiting systems of the organism - one of the approaches to optimization of physiotherapeutical factors for the patients with cardiovascular diseases). (
  • The length of time since occurrence and whether or not it is a positive or negative event are factors in whether or not it causes stress and how much stress it causes. (
  • More recently, events related to severe psychological stress have been reported as risk factors for type 1 diabetes in a nationwide Swedish case-referent study ( 8 ). (
  • Recently, we reported associations between high parenting stress, lack of support/confidence, and some risk factors for type 1 diabetes, such as low socioeconomic status ( 10 ). (
  • We hypothesized that psychological factors may not only precipitate diabetes, but may also trigger or promote the progress of diabetes-related autoimmunity. (
  • In this chapter, we discuss the impact of stress on cognitive executive functions associated with academic achievement and also suggest strategies to reduce the impact of stressing factors. (
  • Among other factors, variability in the absorption of insulin preparations and psychological stress may be of importance ( 2 , 3 ). (
  • Several inclusion criteria were employed to control for potential factors influencing the stress response(see 2.1 for details). (
  • We computed hazard ratios (HRs) of HZ associated with Cohen's Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) score (range 0-40) using Cox regression with age as the time-scale, adjusted for sex, immunosuppressive and selected chronic conditions, immunosuppressive drugs, and sociodemographic, lifestyle and anthropometric factors. (
  • There is a scarcity of studies reporting on protective factors in teaching and we know little about their possible role as possible protective factors against stress. (
  • The results contributed towards a better understanding of the relative importance of wellbeing constructs as protective factors against teacher stress. (
  • Furthermore, the search for solutions to mitigate against teacher stress can no longer be limited to traditional approaches of maladjustment or ill-being, but should also explore factors associated with positive psychological functioning and wellbeing, which can be used as personal resources against stress. (
  • Previous research has suggested an association between HCC and psychological variables, and initial studies of inter-individual variance in HCC have implicated genetic factors. (
  • However, whether HCC and psychological variables share genetic risk factors remains unclear. (
  • Accordingly, both visual and psychological factors must be taken into account when optimizing computer workstations to reduce physiological responses that may cause excessive eyestrain and musculoskeletal load. (
  • Psychosocial factors, such as stress and job control, are widely held to be important determinants of physical health. (
  • These stress effects are evident in the development of the intestinal microflora in animals born from stressful pregnancy conditions, and in older animals with fully developed microbial populations. (
  • Perceived stress is how each person views the events in their life as being stressful or not, and if perceived as stressful, how stressful the event is. (
  • There is insufficient evidence to show whether or not psychological therapy is harmful. (
  • Accordingly, there is accumulating empirical evidence from animal and human studies of the positive effects of probiotic treatment on stress reduction. (
  • A new study in the journal Human Reproduction, reported in the New York Times, provides physical evidence that there is an association between stress and infertility. (
  • There is a lot of evidence that stress can adversly affect a woman's fertility.There are studies showing that interventions with acupuncture and Mind-Body programs can have a positive influence on the chance of IVF success. (
  • In both studies, we found evidence for the mediating role of negative emotions in the PC breach-stress relationship. (
  • In the second study, we also found evidence for the moderating role of fatigue in the mediated PC breach-stress relationship. (
  • Accumulating experimental evidence is beginning to delineate how stress can induce or exasperate disease processes. (
  • There is also accumulating evidence from psychoneuroimmunological research 1 that stress situations such as examination 2,3 or bereavement 4 may alter a wide range of immunological functions, especially NK cell function. (
  • The conclusion of this study provided evidence of the value of measuring allostatic load in assessing the chronic effects of job stress. (
  • Accumulating evidence has shown that glucocorticoid and its receptors play fundamental roles in the negative effects of early-life stress on adult hippocampal neurogenesis, yet the exact mechanisms and mediators remain to be investigated. (
  • Selye defined stress as "the nonspecific (that is, common) result of any demand upon the body, be the effect mental or somatic. (
  • Effect of psychological stress on salt and water transport in the human jejunum. (
  • The possibility that the central and autonomic nervous system might be involved in the control of intestinal absorption was assessed by measuring the effect of psychological stress, induced by dichotomous listening, on jejunal transport in 15 healthy subjects. (
  • These results suggest that psychological stress can influence jejunal absorption of salt and water and that this effect may be mediated by a cholinergic parasympathetic nervous mechanism. (
  • Cardiovascular diseases are another area where stress could have a negative effect. (
  • Here, we present an evaluation of the late effect of post-rape psychological support provided to women in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo. (
  • Salivary CRP and SCL activity showed significant changes in relation to stress but with no differential effect between experimental groups. (
  • van Stegeren, A., Rohleder, N. and Everaerd, W. (2006) Salivary alpha-amylase as marker for adregenic activity during stress: Effect of betablockade. (
  • In contrast, the effect of acute psychological stress on glucose concentrations in patients with type 1 diabetes is less conclusive, with most studies showing no effect and others resulting in increased or even decreased glucose concentrations ( 5 , 7 - 15 ). (
  • In one previous study ( 5 ), the stress task was specifically applied in the postprandial state and was considered to have no effect, although the time course of glucose concentrations was altered. (
  • SP and its receptors mediate the effect of stress in the CRH expression in eosinophils. (
  • AIM: To investigate the effect of acute psychological stress on glucose concentrations in patients with Type 2 diabetes, in the fasting state as well as in the postprandial state. (
  • While the effect of surgery on psychological state and the prognosis is not well known. (
  • The goal of this study was to confirm this effect in a larger sample and to consider the influence of acute psychological stress on fat metabolism. (
  • Spices reduced post-meal triglycerides by 31% when the meal was followed by the rest condition (p = 0.048), but this effect was not present during stress. (
  • Another major concern chronic stress creates within the medical community is its effects on a persons' heart health. (
  • Even though stress is a significant concern for many, few discuss ways to manage their stress with a health care provider. (
  • Qing-Xiang Zheng, R.N., from Fujian Maternity and Child Health Hospital in Fuzhou, China, and colleagues conducted a descriptive, cross-sectional survey study involving 331 pregnant women to examine the psychological status of pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic. (
  • In particular, helping women manage psychological stress might improve the mental and physical health of both partners dealing with cancer, Kim said. (
  • Subscribe to our news and information outlining our efforts to advance excellence in psychological health care in the Military Health System. (
  • In this study, the investigators will investigate the stress reduction effects of the Lallemand Health Solutions (LHS) Probio'Stick® on healthy undergraduate students. (
  • There was no special psychological support service for health care workers in this hospital. (
  • US Department of Health and Human Services (2010) Stress and your health fact sheet. (
  • Sources of Stress and Psychological Health Outcomes Among U.S. Air Force Total Force Distributed Common Ground System Operators. (
  • Environments shape health and well-being, yet little research has investigated how different real-world environmental settings influence the well-known determinant of health known as stress. (
  • The concept that psychological stress impacts the health of an individual has long been postulated. (
  • Numerous psychological variables including general health status, happiness, self-efficacy, perceived stress, hopefulness and life satisfaction were measured by using selfreport written questionnaires. (
  • In addition, gendered stress and mental health patterns are observed in several countries, indicating that young girls report more problems in compare of boys [ 8 - 10 ]. (
  • Inability of the patient receiving mechanical ventilation to communicate the needs to the health care provider often leads to psychological stress. (
  • Alternative communication methods should be developed, and health care provider should be aware about the communication difficulties, thereby reducing the stress caused by ineffective communication. (
  • Connect with your Director of Psychological Health/Psychological Health Coordinator. (
  • Coming soon: Tools and information to help you and your Director of Psychological Health/Psychological Health Coordinator maintain your resiliency. (
  • Your Director of Psychological Health/Psychological Health Coordinator works with you to ensure your mental health concerns are quickly addressed in a safe, confidential environment. (
  • That is why the National Guard Psychological Health Program is here for you, with Directors of Psychological Health in every State, Territory, and the District of Columbia to ensure you receive the care you deserve. (
  • Dr Ginty investigates the biological responses (cardiovascular and cortisol systems) to psychological stress in a sample of students in their final year of high school and following them through their first year of university to see if extreme responses are a biological marker of risky behavior, dependencies, and poor health and in which way. (