An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.
Tumors or cancer of the STOMACH.
Pathological processes involving the STOMACH.
Lining of the STOMACH, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. The surface cells produce MUCUS that protects the stomach from attack by digestive acid and enzymes. When the epithelium invaginates into the LAMINA PROPRIA at various region of the stomach (CARDIA; GASTRIC FUNDUS; and PYLORUS), different tubular gastric glands are formed. These glands consist of cells that secrete mucus, enzymes, HYDROCHLORIC ACID, or hormones.
Ulceration of the GASTRIC MUCOSA due to contact with GASTRIC JUICE. It is often associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI infection or consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
The region between the sharp indentation at the lower third of the STOMACH (incisura angularis) and the junction of the PYLORUS with the DUODENUM. Pyloric antral glands contain mucus-secreting cells and gastrin-secreting endocrine cells (G CELLS).
Bursting of the STOMACH.
The superior portion of the body of the stomach above the level of the cardiac notch.
Twisting of the STOMACH that may result in gastric ISCHEMIA and GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION. It is often associated with DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA.
A species of gram-negative, spiral-shaped bacteria found in the gastric mucosa that is associated with chronic antral gastritis. This bacterium was first discovered in samples removed at endoscopy from patients investigated for HELICOBACTER PYLORI colonization.
A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
The liquid secretion of the stomach mucosa consisting of hydrochloric acid (GASTRIC ACID); PEPSINOGENS; INTRINSIC FACTOR; GASTRIN; MUCUS; and the bicarbonate ion (BICARBONATES). (From Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p651)
The motor activity of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
A spiral bacterium active as a human gastric pathogen. It is a gram-negative, urease-positive, curved or slightly spiral organism initially isolated in 1982 from patients with lesions of gastritis or peptic ulcers in Western Australia. Helicobacter pylori was originally classified in the genus CAMPYLOBACTER, but RNA sequencing, cellular fatty acid profiles, growth patterns, and other taxonomic characteristics indicate that the micro-organism should be included in the genus HELICOBACTER. It has been officially transferred to Helicobacter gen. nov. (see Int J Syst Bacteriol 1989 Oct;39(4):297-405).
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the stomach.
Hydrochloric acid present in GASTRIC JUICE.
The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.
Inflammation of the GASTRIC MUCOSA, a lesion observed in a number of unrelated disorders.
A family of gastrointestinal peptide hormones that excite the secretion of GASTRIC JUICE. They may also occur in the central nervous system where they are presumed to be neurotransmitters.
Infections with organisms of the genus HELICOBACTER, particularly, in humans, HELICOBACTER PYLORI. The clinical manifestations are focused in the stomach, usually the gastric mucosa and antrum, and the upper duodenum. This infection plays a major role in the pathogenesis of type B gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.
The region of the STOMACH at the junction with the DUODENUM. It is marked by the thickening of circular muscle layers forming the pyloric sphincter to control the opening and closure of the lumen.
Abnormal passage communicating with the STOMACH.
Rounded or pyramidal cells of the GASTRIC GLANDS. They secrete HYDROCHLORIC ACID and produce gastric intrinsic factor, a glycoprotein that binds VITAMIN B12.
The muscular membranous segment between the PHARYNX and the STOMACH in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
A 28-amino acid, acylated, orexigenic peptide that is a ligand for GROWTH HORMONE SECRETAGOGUE RECEPTORS. Ghrelin is widely expressed but primarily in the stomach in the adults. Ghrelin acts centrally to stimulate growth hormone secretion and food intake, and peripherally to regulate energy homeostasis. Its large precursor protein, known as appetite-regulating hormone or motilin-related peptide, contains ghrelin and obestatin.
That portion of the stomach remaining after gastric surgery, usually gastrectomy or gastroenterostomy for cancer of the stomach or peptic ulcer. It is a common site of cancer referred to as stump cancer or carcinoma of the gastric stump.
Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
Tumors or cancer of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, from the MOUTH to the ANAL CANAL.
A condition in which there is a change of one adult cell type to another similar adult cell type.
A synthetic pentapeptide that has effects like gastrin when given parenterally. It stimulates the secretion of gastric acid, pepsin, and intrinsic factor, and has been used as a diagnostic aid.
A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.
The interruption or removal of any part of the vagus (10th cranial) nerve. Vagotomy may be performed for research or for therapeutic purposes.
Unstriated and unstriped muscle, one of the muscles of the internal organs, blood vessels, hair follicles, etc. Contractile elements are elongated, usually spindle-shaped cells with centrally located nuclei. Smooth muscle fibers are bound together into sheets or bundles by reticular fibers and frequently elastic nets are also abundant. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Hormones synthesized from amino acids. They are distinguished from INTERCELLULAR SIGNALING PEPTIDES AND PROTEINS in that their actions are systemic.
The 10th cranial nerve. The vagus is a mixed nerve which contains somatic afferents (from skin in back of the ear and the external auditory meatus), visceral afferents (from the pharynx, larynx, thorax, and abdomen), parasympathetic efferents (to the thorax and abdomen), and efferents to striated muscle (of the larynx and pharynx).
That part of the STOMACH close to the opening from ESOPHAGUS into the stomach (cardiac orifice), the ESOPHAGOGASTRIC JUNCTION. The cardia is so named because of its closeness to the HEART. Cardia is characterized by the lack of acid-forming cells (GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS).
The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.
A poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma in which the nucleus is pressed to one side by a cytoplasmic droplet of mucus. It usually arises in the gastrointestinal system.
Proenzymes secreted by chief cells, mucous neck cells, and pyloric gland cells, which are converted into pepsin in the presence of gastric acid or pepsin itself. (Dorland, 28th ed) In humans there are 2 related pepsinogen systems: PEPSINOGEN A (formerly pepsinogen I or pepsinogen) and PEPSINOGEN C (formerly pepsinogen II or progastricsin). Pepsinogen B is the name of a pepsinogen from pigs.
Epithelial cells that line the basal half of the GASTRIC GLANDS. Chief cells synthesize and export an inactive enzyme PEPSINOGEN which is converted into the highly proteolytic enzyme PEPSIN in the acid environment of the STOMACH.
The insertion of a tube into the stomach, intestines, or other portion of the gastrointestinal tract to allow for the passage of food products, etc.
Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
Mucins that are found on the surface of the gastric epithelium. They play a role in protecting the epithelial layer from mechanical and chemical damage.
The area covering the terminal portion of ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of STOMACH at the cardiac orifice.
Concretions of swallowed hair, fruit or vegetable fibers, or similar substances found in the alimentary canal.
A strong corrosive acid that is commonly used as a laboratory reagent. It is formed by dissolving hydrogen chloride in water. GASTRIC ACID is the hydrochloric acid component of GASTRIC JUICE.
An alkaloid, originally from Atropa belladonna, but found in other plants, mainly SOLANACEAE. Hyoscyamine is the 3(S)-endo isomer of atropine.
Pathological processes in the ESOPHAGUS.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
A nitrosoguanidine derivative with potent mutagenic and carcinogenic properties.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the gastrointestinal tract.
Gastric analysis for determination of free acid or total acid.
A histamine H2 receptor antagonist that is used as an anti-ulcer agent.
A gel-forming mucin that is predominantly associated with the gastric epithelium.
An amine derived by enzymatic decarboxylation of HISTIDINE. It is a powerful stimulant of gastric secretion, a constrictor of bronchial smooth muscle, a vasodilator, and also a centrally acting neurotransmitter.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Tumors or cancer of the ESOPHAGUS.
The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Tumors or cancer of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.
Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of urea and water to carbon dioxide and ammonia. EC 3.5.1.5.
GASTRITIS with HYPERTROPHY of the GASTRIC MUCOSA. It is characterized by giant gastric folds, diminished acid secretion, excessive MUCUS secretion, and HYPOPROTEINEMIA. Symptoms include VOMITING; DIARRHEA; and WEIGHT LOSS.
A histamine congener, it competitively inhibits HISTAMINE binding to HISTAMINE H2 RECEPTORS. Cimetidine has a range of pharmacological actions. It inhibits GASTRIC ACID secretion, as well as PEPSIN and GASTRIN output.
Discrete abnormal tissue masses that protrude into the lumen of the DIGESTIVE TRACT or the RESPIRATORY TRACT. Polyps can be spheroidal, hemispheroidal, or irregular mound-shaped structures attached to the MUCOUS MEMBRANE of the lumen wall either by a stalk, pedunculus, or by a broad base.
Endocrine cells which secrete GASTRIN, a peptide that induces GASTRIC ACID secretion. They are found predominantly in the GASTRIC GLANDS of PYLORIC ANTRUM in the STOMACH, but can also be found in the DUODENUM, nervous and other tissues.
Medical procedure involving the emptying of contents in the stomach through the use of a tube inserted through the nose or mouth. It is performed to remove poisons or relieve pressure due to intestinal blockages or during surgery.
A lack of HYDROCHLORIC ACID in GASTRIC JUICE despite stimulation of gastric secretion.
A subtype of enteroendocrine cells found in the gastrointestinal MUCOSA, particularly in the glands of PYLORIC ANTRUM; DUODENUM; and ILEUM. These cells secrete mainly SEROTONIN and some neuropeptides. Their secretory granules stain readily with silver (argentaffin stain).
Characteristic restricted to a particular organ of the body, such as a cell type, metabolic response or expression of a particular protein or antigen.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
The middle portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between DUODENUM and ILEUM. It represents about 2/5 of the remaining portion of the small intestine below duodenum.
GASTRITIS with atrophy of the GASTRIC MUCOSA, the GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS, and the mucosal glands leading to ACHLORHYDRIA. Atrophic gastritis usually progresses from chronic gastritis.
A mass of histologically normal tissue present in an abnormal location.
Neuroendocrine cells in the glands of the GASTRIC MUCOSA. They produce HISTAMINE and peptides such as CHROMOGRANINS. ECL cells respond to GASTRIN by releasing histamine which acts as a paracrine stimulator of the release of HYDROCHLORIC ACID from the GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS.
Formed from pig pepsinogen by cleavage of one peptide bond. The enzyme is a single polypeptide chain and is inhibited by methyl 2-diaazoacetamidohexanoate. It cleaves peptides preferentially at the carbonyl linkages of phenylalanine or leucine and acts as the principal digestive enzyme of gastric juice.
A species of HELICOBACTER that colonizes in the STOMACH of laboratory MICE; CATS; and DOGS. It is associated with lymphoid follicular hyperplasia and mild GASTRITIS in CATS.
The hindering of output from the STOMACH into the SMALL INTESTINE. This obstruction may be of mechanical or functional origin such as EDEMA from PEPTIC ULCER; NEOPLASMS; FOREIGN BODIES; or AGING.
This is one of 2 related pepsinogen systems in humans and is also known as pepsinogen. (The other is PEPSINOGEN C.) This includes isozymogens Pg1-Pg5 (pepsinogens 1-5, group I or products of PGA1-PGA5 genes). This is the main pepsinogen found in urine.
Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
Retrograde bile flow. Reflux of bile can be from the duodenum to the stomach (DUODENOGASTRIC REFLUX); to the esophagus (GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX); or to the PANCREAS.
Drugs that selectively bind to but do not activate histamine H2 receptors, thereby blocking the actions of histamine. Their clinically most important action is the inhibition of acid secretion in the treatment of gastrointestinal ulcers. Smooth muscle may also be affected. Some drugs in this class have strong effects in the central nervous system, but these actions are not well understood.
Measurement of the pressure or tension of liquids or gases with a manometer.
A pattern of gastrointestinal muscle contraction and depolarizing myoelectric activity that moves from the stomach to the ILEOCECAL VALVE at regular frequency during the interdigestive period. The complex and its accompanying motor activity periodically cleanse the bowel of interdigestive secretion and debris in preparation for the next meal.
A common name used for the genus Cavia. The most common species is Cavia porcellus which is the domesticated guinea pig used for pets and biomedical research.
Vomiting of blood that is either fresh bright red, or older "coffee-ground" in character. It generally indicates bleeding of the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
Congenital structural abnormalities of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Ulcer that occurs in the regions of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT which come into contact with GASTRIC JUICE containing PEPSIN and GASTRIC ACID. It occurs when there are defects in the MUCOSA barrier. The common forms of peptic ulcers are associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI and the consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
Passage of food (sometimes in the form of a test meal) through the gastrointestinal tract as measured in minutes or hours. The rate of passage through the intestine is an indicator of small bowel function.
A process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in muscle tissue. Muscle contraction occurs by a sliding filament mechanism whereby actin filaments slide inward among the myosin filaments.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
The distal and narrowest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between the JEJUNUM and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE.
STOMACH herniation located at or near the diaphragmatic opening for the ESOPHAGUS, the esophageal hiatus.
Bleeding in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
A nodular organ in the ABDOMEN that contains a mixture of ENDOCRINE GLANDS and EXOCRINE GLANDS. The small endocrine portion consists of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS secreting a number of hormones into the blood stream. The large exocrine portion (EXOCRINE PANCREAS) is a compound acinar gland that secretes several digestive enzymes into the pancreatic ductal system that empties into the DUODENUM.
High molecular weight mucoproteins that protect the surface of EPITHELIAL CELLS by providing a barrier to particulate matter and microorganisms. Membrane-anchored mucins may have additional roles concerned with protein interactions at the cell surface.
Pathological processes that tend eventually to become malignant. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
A plastic operation on the esophagus. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A genus of gram-negative, spiral-shaped bacteria that has been isolated from the intestinal tract of mammals, including humans. It has been associated with PEPTIC ULCER.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the digestive tract.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
A high-molecular-weight polymeric elastomer derived from the milk juice (LATEX) of HEVEA brasiliensis and other trees and plants. It is a substance that can be stretched at room temperature to at least twice its original length and after releasing the stress, retract rapidly, and recover its original dimensions fully.
A variety of surgical reconstructive procedures devised to restore gastrointestinal continuity, The two major classes of reconstruction are the Billroth I (gastroduodenostomy) and Billroth II (gastrojejunostomy) procedures.
A compound used as an x-ray contrast medium that occurs in nature as the mineral barite. It is also used in various manufacturing applications and mixed into heavy concrete to serve as a radiation shield.
Various agents with different action mechanisms used to treat or ameliorate PEPTIC ULCER or irritation of the gastrointestinal tract. This has included ANTIBIOTICS to treat HELICOBACTER INFECTIONS; HISTAMINE H2 ANTAGONISTS to reduce GASTRIC ACID secretion; and ANTACIDS for symptomatic relief.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
A peptide, of about 33 amino acids, secreted by the upper INTESTINAL MUCOSA and also found in the central nervous system. It causes gallbladder contraction, release of pancreatic exocrine (or digestive) enzymes, and affects other gastrointestinal functions. Cholecystokinin may be the mediator of satiety.
Retrograde flow of duodenal contents (BILE ACIDS; PANCREATIC JUICE) into the STOMACH.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
The consumption of edible substances.
A megaloblastic anemia occurring in children but more commonly in later life, characterized by histamine-fast achlorhydria, in which the laboratory and clinical manifestations are based on malabsorption of vitamin B 12 due to a failure of the gastric mucosa to secrete adequate and potent intrinsic factor. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
Two or more abnormal growths of tissue occurring simultaneously and presumed to be of separate origin. The neoplasms may be histologically the same or different, and may be found in the same or different sites.
An inflatable device implanted in the stomach as an adjunct to therapy of morbid obesity. Specific types include the silicone Garren-Edwards Gastric Bubble (GEGB), approved by the FDA in 1985, and the Ballobes Balloon.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The segment of GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT that includes the ESOPHAGUS; the STOMACH; and the DUODENUM.
Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.
A 14-amino acid peptide named for its ability to inhibit pituitary GROWTH HORMONE release, also called somatotropin release-inhibiting factor. It is expressed in the central and peripheral nervous systems, the gut, and other organs. SRIF can also inhibit the release of THYROID-STIMULATING HORMONE; PROLACTIN; INSULIN; and GLUCAGON besides acting as a neurotransmitter and neuromodulator. In a number of species including humans, there is an additional form of somatostatin, SRIF-28 with a 14-amino acid extension at the N-terminal.
L-Tryptophyl-L-methionyl-L-aspartyl-L-phenylalaninamide. The C-terminal tetrapeptide of gastrin. It is the smallest peptide fragment of gastrin which has the same physiological and pharmacological activity as gastrin.
Cells found throughout the lining of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT that contain and secrete regulatory PEPTIDE HORMONES and/or BIOGENIC AMINES.
Impaired digestion, especially after eating.
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
A pathological condition characterized by the presence of a number of GASTRIC DIVERTICULA in the STOMACH.
Transmembrane proteins that recognize and bind GHRELIN, a potent stimulator of GROWTH HORMONE secretion and food intake in mammals. Ghrelin receptors are found in the pituitary and HYPOTHALAMUS. They belong to the family of G-PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORS.

Systemic infection with Alaria americana (Trematoda). (1/4891)

Alaria americana is a trematode, the adult of which is found in mammalian carnivores. The first case of disseminated human infection by the mesocercarial stage of this worm occurred in a 24-year-old man. The infection possibly was acquired by the eating of inadequately cooked frogs, which are intermediate hosts of the worm. The diagnosis was made during life by lung biopsy and confirmed at autopsy. The mesocercariae were present in the stomach wall, lymph nodes, liver, myocardium, pancreas and surrounding adipose tissue, spleen, kidney, lungs, brain and spinal cord. There was no host reaction to the parasites. Granulomas were present in the stomach wall, lymph nodes and liver, but the worms were not identified in them. Hypersensitivity vasculitis and a bleeding diathesis due to disseminated intravascular coagulation and a circulating anticoagulant caused his death 8 days after the onset of his illness.  (+info)

Endemic tropical sprue in Rhodesia. (2/4891)

The existence of tropical sprue in Africa is controversial. In this paper we present 31 cases seen in Rhodesia over a 15 month period. They have the clinical features, small intestinal morphology, malabsorption pattern, and treatment response of tropical sprue. Other causes of malabsorption, and primary malnutrition, have been excluded. The severity of the clinical state and intestinal malabsorption distinguish these patients from those we have described with tropical enteropathy. The previous work on tropical sprue in Africa is reviewed and it is apparent that, when it has been adequately looked for, it has been found. It is clear that the question of tropical sprue in Africa must be re-examined and that it existence may have hitherto been concealed by the assumption that primary malnutrition is responsible for the high prevalence of deficiency states.  (+info)

Central autonomic activation by intracisternal TRH analogue excites gastric splanchnic afferent neurons. (3/4891)

Intracisternal (ic) injection of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) or its stable analogue RX 77368 influences gastric function via stimulation of vagal muscarinic pathways. In rats, the increase in gastric mucosal blood flow evoked by a low ic dose of RX 77368 occurs via release of calcitonin gene-related peptide from capsaicin-sensitive afferent neurons, most probably of spinal origin. In this study, the effect of low ic doses of RX 77368 on afferent impulse activity in splanchnic single fibers was investigated. The cisterna magna of overnight-fasted, urethan-anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats was acutely cannulated, and fine splanchnic nerve twigs containing at least one fiber responsive to mechanical probing of the stomach were isolated at a site immediately distal to the left suprarenal ganglion. Unit mechanoreceptive fields were encountered in all portions of the stomach, both superficially and in deeper layers. Splanchnic afferent unit impulse activity was recorded continuously during basal conditions and in response to consecutive ic injections of saline and RX 77368 (15-30 min later; 1.5 or 3 ng). Basal discharge rates ranged from 0 to 154 impulses/min (median = 10.2 impulses/min). A majority of splanchnic single units with ongoing activity increased their mean discharge rate by >/=20% after ic injection of RX 77368 at either 1.5 ng (6/10 units; median increase 63%) or 3 ng (19/24 units; median increase 175%). Five units lacking impulse activity in the 5-min before ic RX 77368 (3 ng) were also excited, with the onset of discharge occurring within 1.0-5.0 min postinjection. In units excited by ic RX 77368, peak discharge occurred 15.6 +/- 1.3 min after injection and was followed by a decline to stable activity levels +info)

Conformation-dependent inhibition of gastric H+,K+-ATPase by SCH 28080 demonstrated by mutagenesis of glutamic acid 820. (4/4891)

Gastric H+,K+-ATPase can be inhibited by imidazo pyridines like 2-methyl-8-[phenylmethoxy] imidazo-(1,2a) pyridine 3-acetonitrile (SCH 28080). The drug shows a high affinity for inhibition of K+-activated ATPase and for prevention of ATP phosphorylation. The inhibition by SCH 28080 can be explained by assuming that SCH 28080 binds to both the E2 and the phosphorylated intermediate (E2-P) forms of the enzyme. We observed recently that some mutants, in which glutamic acid 820 present in transmembrane domain six of the catalytic subunit had been replaced (E820Q, E820N, E820A), lost their K+-sensitivity and showed constitutive ATPase activity. This ATPase activity could be inhibited by similar SCH 28080 concentrations as the K+-activated ATPase of the wild-type enzyme. SCH 28080 also inhibited ATP phosphorylation at 21 degrees C of the mutants E820D, E820N, and E820A, although with varying efficacy and affinity. ATP-phosphorylation of mutant E820Q was not inhibited by SCH 28080; in contrast, the phosphorylation level at 21 degrees C was nearly doubled. These findings can be explained by assuming that mutation of Glu820 favors the E1 conformation in the order E820Q >E820A >E820N >wild-type = E820D. The increase in the phosphorylation level of the E820Q mutant can be explained by assuming that during the catalytic cycle the E2-P intermediate forms a complex with SCH 28080. This intermediate hydrolyzes considerably slower than E2-P and thus accumulates. The high tendency of the E820Q mutant for the E1 form is further supported by experiments showing that ATP phosphorylation of this mutant is rather insensitive towards vanadate, inorganic phosphate, and K+.  (+info)

A chimeric gastric H+,K+-ATPase inhibitable with both ouabain and SCH 28080. (5/4891)

2-Methyl-8-(phenylmethoxy)imidazo(1,2-a)pyridine-3acetonitrile+ ++ (SCH 28080) is a K+ site inhibitor specific for gastric H+,K+-ATPase and seems to be a counterpart of ouabain for Na+,K+-ATPase from the viewpoint of reaction pattern (i.e. reversible binding, K+ antagonism, and binding on the extracellular side). In this study, we constructed several chimeric molecules between H+,K+-ATPase and Na+,K+-ATPase alpha-subunits by using rabbit H+,K+-ATPase as a parental molecule. We found that the entire extracellular loop 1 segment between the first and second transmembrane segments (M1 and M2) and the luminal half of the M1 transmembrane segment of H+, K+-ATPase alpha-subunit were exchangeable with those of Na+, K+-ATPase, respectively, preserving H+,K+-ATPase activity, and that these segments are not essential for SCH 28080 binding. We found that several amino acid residues, including Glu-822, Thr-825, and Pro-829 in the M6 segment of H+,K+-ATPase alpha-subunit are involved in determining the affinity for this inhibitor. Furthermore, we found that a chimeric H+,K+-ATPase acquired ouabain sensitivity and maintained SCH 28080 sensitivity when the loop 1 segment and Cys-815 in the loop 3 segment of the H+,K+-ATPase alpha-subunit were simultaneously replaced by the corresponding segment and amino acid residue (Thr) of Na+,K+-ATPase, respectively, indicating that the binding sites of ouabain and SCH 28080 are separate. In this H+, K+-ATPase chimera, 12 amino acid residues in M1, M4, and loop 1-4 that have been suggested to be involved in ouabain binding of Na+, K+-ATPase alpha-subunit are present; however, the low ouabain sensitivity indicates the possibility that the sensitivity may be increased by additional amino acid substitutions, which shift the overall structural integrity of this chimeric H+,K+-ATPase toward that of Na+,K+-ATPase.  (+info)

Phycomycotic gastritis in buffalo calves (Bubalis bubalis). (6/4891)

Mycotic gastritis, primarily caused by Rhizopus sp. was seen in six buffalo calves (7-13 days old) at postmortem examination. The predominant lesions were numerous raised ulcers in which were hyphae of Rhizopus. In three calves, Candida organisms were also present superficially in the ulcers. Other changes in the mucosa were severe congestion, haemorrhage, thrombosis, necrosis, and infiltration by lymphocytes and neutrophils. Both Rhizopus and Candida were highly pathogenic to rabbits when inoculated intravenously. The disease could not be reproduced experimentally by feeding of Rhizopus orally to rabbits and calves.  (+info)

Experimental enteropathy in athymic and euthymic rats: synergistic role of lipopolysaccharide and indomethacin. (7/4891)

The aim of this study was to investigate the immunologic and microbiological bases of indomethacin enteropathy. Athymic nude and euthymic specific pathogen-free (SPF) rats were reared under conventional or SPF conditions. In each group, indomethacin was given intrarectally for 2 days. Indomethacin enteropathy was evaluated using a previously described ulcer index and tissue myeloperoxidase activity. Both euthymic and athymic nude rats developed intestinal ulcers to the same degree under conventional conditions but no or minimal ulcer under SPF conditions. Pretreatment of conventional rats with intragastric kanamycin sulfate, an aminoglycoside antibiotic, attenuated indomethacin enteropathy in a dose-dependent fashion. Interestingly, when lipopolysaccharide was injected intraperitoneally in kanamycin-pretreated rats, it fully restored enteropathy in these rats in a dose-dependent manner. We confirmed that kanamycin decreased the number of gram-negative bacteria and endotoxin concentration of the small intestine in a dose-dependent fashion. These results indicate that indomethacin enteropathy is bacteria dependent and does not require a T cell function. Synergy between indomethacin and bacterial lipopolysaccharide may play a major role in this enteropathy.  (+info)

Physiological changes in blood glucose do not affect gastric compliance and perception in normal subjects. (8/4891)

Marked hyperglycemia (blood glucose approximately 14 mmol/l) slows gastric emptying and affects the perception of sensations arising from the gut. Elevation of blood glucose within the physiological range also slows gastric emptying. This study aimed to determine whether physiological changes in blood glucose affect proximal gastric compliance and/or the perception of gastric distension in the fasting state. Paired studies were conducted in 10 fasting healthy volunteers. On a single day, isovolumetric and isobaric distensions of the proximal stomach were performed using an electronic barostat while the blood glucose concentration was maintained at 4 and 9 mmol/l in random order. Sensations were quantified using visual analog scales. The blood glucose concentration had no effect on the pressure-volume relationship during either isovolumetric or isobaric distensions or the perception of gastric distension. At both blood glucose concentrations, the perceptions of fullness, nausea, bloating, and abdominal discomfort, but not hunger or desire to eat, were related to intrabag volume (P +info)

Soaking in a heat bathtub may help alleviate some discomfort, and take into account sleeping in a comfortable bra. Theyre an amazing supply stomach muscle stretch after pregnancy knowledge and support if you happen tore ever uncertain of something during your being pregnant. Muscle-strengthening activity can include climbing stairs, strolling uphill, lifting or carrying procuring, weight training, yoga or related emerency child birth workout routines that stomach muscle stretch after pregnancy your major muscle teams. Week fourteen ought to be the week in which youll be able to stomach muscle stretch after pregnancy the newborns heartbeat throughout your visit to your obstetrician. As stomach muscle stretch after pregnancy as my miscarriage cleared up from last month, we instantly began trying once more. You might also find that the bumps around your nipples turn into more pronounced or your nipples are extra erect. It is rather tough to conduct a legitimate scientific examine of marijuanas ...
Im a C7 with non-symmetrical control. Meaning my left side of my body has less control whereas my right side more or less has full control. For instance, my right stomach muscles are strong but my left stomach muscles are non-existent. The problem I regularly encounter is my right stomach muscles will tighten up and almost lockup. Say Im sitting at my computer in a certain position all of the sudden my entire right stomach muscles will feel extremely tight and I can feel them. It feels
Stomach Muscles Anatomy Diagram - Stomach Muscles Anatomy Chart - Human anatomy diagrams and charts explained. This diagram depicts Stomach Muscles Anatomy with parts and labels ...
Washington, Tsomach ACOG; 1990. Most colds or other URIs are maternity clothes uk to viruses and cant be treated with antibiotics. The inside ear starts to develop, however the outer ear on the facet of the head will not appear for a couple more weeks. Be sure you are ready. Whoever ism penning this needs an English speaking editor asap. These poses are chosen to split stomach muscles after pregnancy exercises flexibility. Stomaach is a non secular observe that makes stability between thoughts, physique and spirit. Mayo Clinic. But those that tend to be a heavy bleeder will. Good day Tempur-Pedic bed. By kuscles top of the embryonic stage at week 10, the embryo might be about 1 inch lengthy. Pennick V, et al. I am about 5 weeks alongside. Your physician will exhaust all commonplace testing options before offering a analysis of unexplained infertility. It is split stomach muscles after pregnancy exercises that the tests give false negatives musclfs never raw vegetables for pregnancy positives. ...
No one damaged stomach muscles after pregnancy cover all the possible scenarios you will encounter with a difficult ex. I have been married to my wife for a 10 years. prebnancy could have sworn i was pregnant with mirenatook pregnancy tests they were negative including stommach blood test. Despite having a reliable source of factual info relating to pregnancy and the more obvious fact that Damaged stomach muscles after pregnancy had a baby muzcles four pregnnancy - I need to make sure theyre correct. Snow had a stint in WWE as well and is mostly remembered for bringing Head into the company. Good luck. Im working on a school project about heroism and I chose teachers a a function. If they can communicate using signs then they will never talk, right. Atter definitely isnt for everyone but neither is public school. This accuracy has been accredited to use the Chinese lunar calendar. And an explanation on how to determine ovulation stokach basal body temperature. Pregnant women who lack folic ...
Stomach muscle separation: Im wondering if anyone else has had (noticeable and painful) stomach muscle separation. My physio said it was pretty normal considering bubs had a sudden growth spurt, so Im not worried....just wondering how common it is... Im now wearing sexy compression pants/bands (aka spanx), as I couldnt justify the outrageous price of the ...
Amount of Vitamin E in Pork stomach: How much Vitamin K is in Pork stomach? Calorie Goal 1,955 cal. Amount of Vitamin D in Pork stomach: How much Vitamin D IU is in Pork stomach? salt pepper to taste. 78 % 16g Protein. If not already done, remove inner lining from stomach and discard. Fat 65g. Contact, Sophia lost 75 lb (34 kg) with this app. There are 94 calories in 1 serving of Pig Stomach Soup. Amount of Total Omega 3 in Pork stomach: How much Total Omega 6 is in Pork stomach? Comprehensive nutrition resource for Pork Stomach, Simmered. Create Log In. For brown skin, remove the lid for 20-30 minutes. of pork ribs combined. However, its good to know that less than half of the fat in pork is saturated; most of it is beneficial monounsaturated fat. Log Food. 100 % 17g Protein. Amount of monounsaturated fat in Pork stomach: How much polyunsaturated fat is in Pork stomach? Remove pigs stomach and cut into slices. Look up all nutritional information like fat or carbohydrate content, vitamins and minerals
yeah, so i think i strained or pulled a muscle in my stomach hucking about 10 days ago. im just worried b/c i tried to search function stomach and Appendicitis came up and sounded like the pain im having, minus the fever. just wondering if anyone has pulled a stomach muscle? how much it hurts? how long it lasts? how to remedy that shit? its not inflammed or anything either, just hurts to the touch and i cant move worth shit without pain thanks B
Exercises for your stomach muscles, also called as your abdominals or abs, are many but few stomach exercises that most people offer you to do actually to order your stomach. These exercises vary from basic floor crunches, leg raises, sit-ups, lying hip thrusts, side bends, weighted sit-ups, hanging leg raises etc. Then there are the hundreds of different ab machines, on infomercials in magazines etc.. Some, but not all, of the accessible stomach exercises will assist you to order perfect sexy abs.. But absolutely none of even the best stomach exercises will burn any fat off. The best stomach exercises will drastically strengthen and sculpt your stomach but youll never see your actual ab muscles unless you burn off the layer of fat covering them.. This way youll not just flatten your abs but define and separate your stomach muscles, creating that sexy six-pack look that everyone desires.. ...
If youve just learned that you have low stomach acid and you dont fix it, youll have subpar health forever… What should you do now? The first step is to replace the lost stomach acid until you figure out the root cause.One of the most common methods of supplementing for low stomach acid is using Betaine Hydrochloride (HCL). Low Stomach Acid: A Surprising Cause of Indigestion Symptoms Low stomach acid is more to blame than too much stomach acid for the common indigestion symptoms associated with aging.. When acid and other liquids in your stomach back up into your esophagus, you get heartburn. The acid thats already in your stomach isnt the only problem, though. The natural acids in foods you.. Jun 29, 2009. The opening between the esophagus and stomach, a muscular ring called the lower esophageal sphincter, is meant to keep stomach acid from.. Q. Is yogurt good for acid reflux ? A. Yogurt could be great for strengthening the stomach walls and digestive enzymes. It could help with acid ...
Patient: I have a lower stomach muscle that seems pulled and hurts really bad. When I bend up it feels like a tight rubber band thats sort of swollen. Could I have strained it? It doesnt feel like a strain. Doctor: Hello,Thanks for the query.This could be a part of severe acute gastritis or esophageal hernia or gastroesophageal reflux disease. It could also be a muscle pull due to sudden strenuous activity like jolting, running or lifting heavy weights. Drink plenty of water, use antacids and follow a bland diet for a few days. Avoid constipation and reduce excessive physical exertion. If this does not help, you will have to see a physician for an examination and specific therapy.Hope this helped.Regards. ...
Stomach cancer. Specimen of human stomach tissue showing a malignant tumour, known also as gastric adenocarcinoma. At right the tumour is seen as a raised kidney-shaped area. Normal stomach lining is at left; the oesophagus is at upper right. The scale reference is in centimetres. Adenocarcinoma is a malignant tumour arising from the epithelium. Stomach cancer is fast growing and may spread beyond the stomach lining. Barium X-ray, biopsy & gastroscopy are methods of diagnosis. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting and weight loss, similar to those suffered in peptic ulcer. Early surgical removal (gastrectomy) offers a cure; radiotherapy and anticancer drugs may be used. - Stock Image M131/0181
Conventional measurement of gastric secretion is invasive and cannot assess the intra-gastric distribution of gastric contents or the effects of secretion on gastric function. This study assessed the effect of gastric secretion on gastric volume responses and emptying (GE) using a validated fast T(1) mapping magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique. Twelve healthy participants were studied in the fasted state and after 200 kcal Gadolinium-DOTA labelled glucose meal during intravenous infusion of pentagastrin or placebo in double-blind, randomized order. Total gastric volume (TGV) and gastric content volume (GCV) was assessed by MRI volume scans and secretion by fast T(1) mapping. Data was described by the kappa-coefficient (volume change after meal ingestion), by GE half time (T(50)) and maximal GE rate (GER(max)) derived all from a GE model. Pentagastrin increased GCV and TGV compared to placebo [kappa(GCV):1.6 +/- 0.1 vs 0.6 +/- 0.1; kappa(TGV): 1.6 +/- 0.1 vs 0.7 +/- 0.1; P , 0.001]. T(1) ...
GHS is an AMAZING hospital. False pregnancy: The hormonal cycle of the bitch assumes that pregnancy has occurred after every cycle, whether afer not a mating has taken place. I hugged her mom, we both cried and I hit my knees praying that they would be able to be together forever. a small number. This pigmentation is natural side effect and disappears soon after giving birth. The early signs, the first signs, of pregnancy are a combination of personal experiences that go hand in hand with subtle changes in the body. Women who are carrying multiples may have increased levels of hCG, which is the hormone that is produced during pregnancy. Maybe Ill give birth in Pregnsncy. I was doing this mental exercise even days before my due date to give me the proper mind setting regarding labor pains. Reduce stress and depression Theres evidence that yellow cervical mucus early pregnancy weakened stomach muscles after pregnancy states can make it harder weakehed a woman to conceive, Domar says. So, by this ...
Transcript Were going to show you a few ways to strengthen your stomach muscles when youre pregnant. The big muscle were going to work on in the transversus
Obtaining flat stomach muscles after a hysterectomy can be achieved through proper hydration, a balanced diet and exercise. Proper hydration reduces bloating, while a diet rich in vegetables, fiber...
Question - Minor exertion makes stomach muscles feel sore, back pain. Diagnosed of lupus. How to deal with pain ?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Lupus, Ask an Orthopaedic Surgeon
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B129 Mouse Stomach Epithelial Cells from Creative Bioarray are isolated from stomach tissue of pathogen-free laboratory B129S2/SvPasCrl mice. B129 Mouse Stomach Epithelial Cells are grown in a T25 tissue culture flask pre-coated with gelatin-based coating solution for 2 min and incubated in Creative Bioarrays Culture Complete Growth Medium for 3-5 days. Cells are detached from flasks and immediately cryo-preserved in vials. Each vial contains at least 0.5x10^6 cells per ml and is delivered frozen. Cells can be expanded for 3-7 passages at a split ratio of 1:2 under the cell culture conditions specified by Creative Bioarray. Repeated freezing and thawing of cells is not recommended ...
Introduction. The canine stomach is divided into three parts, namely, the fundus, corpus and antrum. The fundus, by adaptive relaxation, is responsible for storage of ingesta whereas the corpus acts in unision with the antrum to mix and grind food particles before propelling them aborally. These functions rely on an efficient gastric motor system composed of pacemaker cells, neurons and smooth muscle cells. The gastric pacemaker located in the greater curvature of the corpus sets the basic electrical rhythm upon which contraction is superimposed. The origin of electrical activity in gastric smooth muscle is not known for certain but available evidence indicates involvement of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) (Hall et al. 1993; Huizinga et al. 1995; Sanders, Don Koh & Ward 2006; Ward et al. 1995). These are small fusiform or stellate cells with prominent nuclei and arborisations that intertwine to form a network within the gastrointestinal musculature (Sanders 1996) and myenteric plexus (Burns ...
Introduction. The canine stomach is divided into three parts, namely, the fundus, corpus and antrum. The fundus, by adaptive relaxation, is responsible for storage of ingesta whereas the corpus acts in unision with the antrum to mix and grind food particles before propelling them aborally. These functions rely on an efficient gastric motor system composed of pacemaker cells, neurons and smooth muscle cells. The gastric pacemaker located in the greater curvature of the corpus sets the basic electrical rhythm upon which contraction is superimposed. The origin of electrical activity in gastric smooth muscle is not known for certain but available evidence indicates involvement of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) (Hall et al. 1993; Huizinga et al. 1995; Sanders, Don Koh & Ward 2006; Ward et al. 1995). These are small fusiform or stellate cells with prominent nuclei and arborisations that intertwine to form a network within the gastrointestinal musculature (Sanders 1996) and myenteric plexus (Burns ...
20 Reasons Why Your Stomach Hurts - Health - 20 Reasons Why Your Stomach Hurts. allowing food and acid from the stomach to splash upwards. The Right Probiotics for Your Stomach Problems and More. I had terrible stomach problems for about 2 weeks, severe stomach cramps (fainted from pain in past), hot stomach (assume acid. nausea, bad gas and really bad.. 9 Potential Causes For Severe Stomach Pains. Food poisoning can cause serious stomach discomfort due to a bacterial or parasitic. nausea, vomiting, fever, gas,. Any time gas is combined with problems like bloody stools, nausea or vomiting, gas problems associated with acid reflux are. Allowing stomach acid to back.. Mar 1, 2005. Gas, indigestion, or perhaps gastritis (an inflammation of the lining of the stomach ) can cause abdominal pain. Pepto-Bismol is indicated for indigestion, heartburn, upset stomach, nausea, and diarrhea. Children. It offers the advantage of prompt relief from the antacids and acid reduction from the H2RA.. Is your ...
How to Survive an Upset Stomach on an Airplane. Its very common to have an upset stomach on an airplane. Maybe your stomach is upset from motion sickness, the flu, or anxiety. There are some quick ways you can feel better and prevent air...
Fetal Stomach Distended: Hi All, I am 36 weeks Pregnant.. In one of my latest U/S scans, my doctor noticed that report showed Fetal Stomach Distended. Doctor was little worried too about (by her facial expressions).. but asked me to remain calm. But this is my cause of worry all day. Has any of you experienced this Fetal Stomach Distended thing? Please share your experience ...
In a class demonstration, the teacher places different pill types (chalk pill, gel pill, and gel tablet) into separate glass beakers of vinegar, representing human stomach acid. After 20-30 minutes, the pills dissolve. Students observe which dissolve the fastest, and discuss the remnants of the various pills.. Hydrochloric acid forms in the stomach when hydrogen and chloride combine. Hydrochloric acids low pH of about two means that it can dissolve metal, so the stomach needs protection from the harsh acid. The stomach is coated with mucus, enabling food to be broken.. To power it, researchers bound a tiny spring to a hardened sugar disk. Stomach acid gradually dissolves the sugar until the spring pops, shooting the insulin into the stomach wall. In pigs, the.. Pills dissolve in the stomach when they are broken down by stomach acid. According to the Merck Manual, different dosages of drugs dissolve or dissolute inside the stomach based on the properties of their physical, outer shell.. I just ...
It may seem like there is too much HCL acid because of heartburn, sour stomach, or overall stomach upset, nausea, and pain, but having too little stomach acid.. It may seem like there is too much HCL acid because of heartburn, sour stomach, or overall stomach upset, nausea, and pain, but having too little stomach acid.. Jun 28, 2016. Hydrochloric acid (aka stomach acid or HCl) is one of these secretions. And there are. Its about preventing gas formation, too! Beyond these.. Iron-Out-of-Balance™ in the Elderly Too Little Iron. Even though anemia is fairly prevalent among elderly persons, the underlying cause is not so easily defined.. Detecting Hypochlorhydria - Naturopathic Doctor News and Review - Jan 28, 2008. Chronic overeating Another common inhibitor of HCl production is. Hypochlorhydria occurs when the pH of the stomach falls below 3.5.. May 2, 2011. Its role in digestion and the regulation of pH in the stomach is critical for. Its important to mention that HCL production is a major ...
I guess I have kind of the same problem as some of you. I wake up in the morning and my stomach is as flat as a board. I work out a lot and Im really tiny to begin with, but the minute I eat or drink ANYTHING ... Im bloated! I can eat a grape and my stomach puffs out. Its so frustrating. Then, after dinner, when I try to get ready to go out its HORRIBLE!!! I look about 3 months pregnant!! I think I eat pretty healthy, but even on days when I eat completely healthy, Im just as bloated. I thought for a while that getting good stomach muscles would help ... so Ive been working out for a while now and Ive definitely improved my stomach muscles, but havent helped my bloating issue at all!! It really sucks too because I work out so hard only to look pregnant and feel fat all day long from the minute I eat until I go to bed. I dont think gas or constipation is the problem because I dont really have any issues in that department. I mean I know they say you should go twice a day ... and I ...
Eating foods laden with germs and can cause stomach infections if immunity is weak. In this video, find out what are the home remedies of preventing stomach infections by taking the right precautions. https://www.homenaturalcures.com/stomach-polyps-natural-cure-treatment/ stomach polyps diet stomach polyps causes stomach polyps and apple cider vinegar stomach polyps pain stomach polyps cancerous stomach polyps and nausea stomach polyps and acid reflux stomach… ...
Human Stomach Anatomy Diagram - See more about Human Stomach Anatomy Diagram, anatomy of the human stomach diagram, human abdominal anatomy diagram, human stomach anatomy diagram, human torso anatomy diagram
The interior of the stomach is thrown into deep folds. During a meal, the folds get smaller and flatted out as the stomach relaxes slightly with each mouthful, much like the gradual expansion of a collapsed ice bag as it is being filled. This reflex relaxation of the stomach as it receiving food is called receptive relaxation; it enhances the stomachs ability to accommodate the extra volume of food with little rise in stomach pressure.. Part of the motility function of the stomach is to store the food. Food storage takes place in the body of the stomach. Because only feeble mixing movements occur in the body and fundus, food emptied into the stomach from the esophagus is stored in the relatively quiet body without being mixed. The fundic area usually does not store food but contains only a pocket of gas. Food is gradually fed from the body into the antrum where mixing take place.. Gastric mixing takes place in the antrum of the stomach. The strong antral peristaltic contractions are responsible ...
I am 17 weeks and 4 days pregnant. I had an ultrasound done yesterday and the |b|fetal stomach could not be seen|/b|. My doctor has asked for another ultrasound after 2 weeks and I also had an alpha fetal protein drawn yesterday. I am currently in the waiting process and I am going a bit crazy. Have you ever heard of this with a good outcome?
As the strong emotions subside, the strange abdominal discomfort also resolves. This knots in the stomach feeling caused by strong emotions is not really considered a medical condition. Sometimes, however, the strange uneasiness in the abdomen may also be accompanied by a dull ache or pain in the abdomen.. Read more on stuck stomach.. When the feeling of having knots in the stomach is not associated with any psychological trigger (such as anxiety, nervousness, and fear), then it could be a symptom of some underlying disorder. Since people commonly (and erroneously) refer to the whole of the abdominal area as the stomach, a stomach problem may have its origin in any part of the abdomen.. In most cases, disorders of the stomach or the gastrointestinal tract may be responsible for the uneasy feeling of having knots in the stomach. However, the feeling of having knots in the stomach may also arise due to a problem outside the digestive tract or even the abdomen.. For these reasons, it is always ...
Voiceover: Did you know that the human stomach can store up to four liters of food at any time? Thats about as much as two Coke bottles, insane! So, in this video were going to see how our stomach helps us process food it just received, from the oral cavity and the esophagus. So, why dont we take a look just at the stomach here and I will zoom in on it, so that we can talk exclusively about what this guy is up to. The stomach is primarily responsible for three steps. First of all, it is going to receive a bolus of food from the esophagus above. This bolus is just food that has been turned into a sphere, that can now be processed. Then the stomach can do two things here to help process the food even more. The first thing the stomach does, is that it churns this bolus or it churns the food. The muscular walls of the stomach here allow it to compress down and break up this food even more. In addition, theres also a certain degree of hydrolysis. Hydrolysis, or enzyme assisted degradation, or ...
Sleeping on stomach during pregnancy. I have to stop. I have been a stomach sleeper my entire life. Sleeping on my stomach is where I usually feel comfortable.
Since symptoms rarely occur in the early stages, stomach cancers are tough to detect. Cancers arising in the stomach are called stomach or gastric cancers. Generally, stomach cancers develop gradually over the years. Before this, however, precancerous changes often arise in the stomach mucosa (inner lining). Since such early changes rarely show symptoms, they often go undetected. Types of stomach cancers: ...
Symptoms Of Stomach Cancer In Women : Signs And Symptoms Of Cerebral Aneurysm. Symptoms Of Stomach Cancer In Women stomach cancer A disease in which stomach cells become malignant (cancerous) and grow out of control, forming a tumor. Risk factors include helicobacter pylori infection (see definition), long-term stomach inflammation, smoking, family history, poor diet, lack…
Skin rashes on stomach during pregnancy are common conditions. There are various reasons for rashes on the stomach and treatments differ according to causative conditions. Use home treatments to relieve the influenced locations.
How to get rid of bumps on stomach - Have a upper left bump on my stomach and soemtimes it hurts. How can I get rid of this? See below. See your doctor.
Want to know sleeping positions during pregnancy? Can you lay on your stomach while pregnant? Read here to know more on sleeping on stomach during pregnancy
Sleeping on stomach?: Hi all, my son just turned 5 months on Sunday and has rolled over for the first time yesterday. He can only roll from his back to his tummy. Hes doing it every chance he can get and this morning I found him sleeping on his stomach - which almost gave me a heart attack. Is there any way I can prevent him from doing that or should I just let him be? Im ...
Some types of cancer, such as small cell carcinoma, can also develop in the cells lining the stomach, although very rarely.. What are the risk factors and symptoms?. When it comes to cancer, understanding the risk factors helps in reducing the probability of contracting the illness. While some factors are controllable, others arent. For instance, smoking is a habit you can choose to stop. On the other hand, genetic predisposition, as well as age, are uncontrollable. Its essential to keep in mind that having any or all of these factors doesnt necessarily mean you will get stomach cancer within your lifetime.. For stomach cancer, a well-known risk factor is age and gender. It tends to affect individuals that are at least 65. Its also more common in males than females. Another risk factor is getting infected with Helicobacter pylori bacteria. People whove had underlying conditions affecting the stomach are obese, smoke, and eat a poor diet are at a higher risk of getting stomach ...
I got some red spots on my stomach about 3-4 months ago. Look like tiny blisters, almost like chickenpox in them. They were however only on stomach area. Finally went away, but now they are coming ba...
Feeling a little bloated from your Christmas dinner? Then you should eat more sugary sweets to battle those overeating pangs.. Norwegian researchers have found that eating sugary desserts could help facilitate digestion and loosen stomach muscles to make the food youve eaten settle easier.. A sweet taste can allow the stomach to hold more, and we can eat a little more without experiencing discomfort, says Dr. Arnold Berstad, of Lovisenberg Diakonale Hospital in Oslo told the New York Post.. Berstad and Dr. Jorgen Valeur said sugar stimulates the vagus nerve, which controls digestion, speech, breathing and other functions. The stimulated vagus nerve will signal the stomach muscle to loosen up and allow more food in.. However the effect doesnt last long enough for the next meal. In fact eating too much sugary dessert could actually fool the stomach into thinking that its not really full. Sugars effect on the vagus nerve also accounts for the tendency to overindulge on sweets. Dieters should ...
The term full stomach is also commonly used to mean that we have already eaten, irrespective of whether it was a large or small meal. A person may not have the full stomach feeling but since they have just eaten, they may still use this term. Irrespective of the manner in which it is used, stretching of the stomach wall, easing of the hunger pangs and feeling satisfied after eating a meal are all normal sensations that we encounter everyday in life.. However, there are instances where we experience that full stomach feeling which is quite uncharacteristic like after eating only a few bites. This is known as is known as early satiety (easy satiety) or postprandial fullness. The feeling may even occur and persist despite not eating. This is known as bloating (bloated sensation). It can be an important symptom of some underlying problem, usually of the stomach and small intestine.. ...
curious as to how best to tone up a stomach. As I am in desperate need of such Im too young to get into gyms, without lying about my age, we have here at my house a rowing machine, pull up bar, and floor space. Recomendations please
The other authors, in addition to Brasseur and Pal, are Dr. Bertil Abramhamsson, AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals, Mölndal, Sweden; Dr. Werner Schwizer, Dept. of Gastroenterology, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland; and Dr. Geoffrey S. Hubbard, Dept. of Gastroenterology, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, Australia. The virtual stomach combines a sophisticated computer program with a realistic stomach geometry model derived from Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) movies of the human stomach. The resulting computer simulations are presented as colorful, cartoon-like movies of the human stomach showing pressures, the motion of gastric fluid, and the path and breakdown of tablets. These computer simulations allow researchers to analyze the specific processes that lead to release and mixing of medicines from pills in the stomach. For example, Pal measured the shear stresses or the rubbing the tablet undergoes from fluids and the walls of the stomach. At the same time, he evaluated the dispersion and ...
An implantable device for restricting a cross-sectional area of a cavity formed by a stomach wall includes a member. The member has a first end connected with respect to a first portion of the stomach wall and an opposing second end connected with respect to a second portion of the stomach wall. The member has shape memory properties and is adapted to move the first end towards the second end.
upper stomach pain - MedHelps upper stomach pain Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for upper stomach pain. Find upper stomach pain information, treatments for upper stomach pain and upper stomach pain symptoms.
Stomach flu, which is caused by bacteria, virus, or other parasite, is contagious. It can spread through water and food. If you interact with a person who is suffering from this disease or share food or drinks with him, you may get infected. So you have to avoid interaction with the people suffering from stomach flu.. Some bacteria, virus and parasites that caused stomach flu are mentioned below.. Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Campylobacter, and Shigella are some of the bacteria that cause gastroenteritis or stomach flu. These bacteria are generally found in spoiled food and water. They can spread from person to person.. Similarly adenoviruses, rotaviruses, calciviruses, astroviruses, and norovirus are some virus that causes stomach flu. There viruses are found in public places and spread from person to person.. Some parasites that make stomach flu in people are giardia and cryptosporidium. These parasites, generally spreading with polluted water, damage our intestine and cause stomach ...
Though so many merchandise coming to the market to assist girls drop a few pounds and acquire good physique form even after the kid delivery, a maternity stomach band will be thought of as such a product thats designed to advertise an amazing degree of assist on your stomach and decrease again portion. This kind of stomach wrap can be utilized when youre pregnant. And that is the place the largest distinction lies. This stuff are made of top quality materials that promote an amazing degree of consolation and assist when used to design stomach wrap. It is using versatile clothes which is strictly making this stuff so sturdy on the use. Even when youre utilizing this stomach wrap on a long term, youre nonetheless not going to really feel discomfort and uneasiness. There are just a few methods during which the maternity stomach band can help you. So, earlier than you go for this sort of product, you need to know these items. It eliminates the ache to an enormous extent: When you find yourself ...
Full stomachs[edit]. Alcohol absorption can be slowed by ingesting alcohol on a full stomach.[54] The belief that the food ... When food is ingested, the pyloric valve at the bottom of the stomach will close in order to hold food in the stomach for ... Stress causes the stomach to empty directly into the small intestine, where alcohol is absorbed even faster.. Liquor mixed with ... Alcohol absorption is slowed because the stomach sphincter closes in order to break down the food. The alcohol cannot be ...
Clearance of air from stomach[edit]. A recent explanation by Howes in 2012 suggests that hiccups may have evolved along with ... This may suggest that they evolved to allow air trapped in the stomach of suckling infants to escape, allowing more milk to be ... The hypothesis suggests that the air bubble in the stomach stimulates the sensory limb of the reflex at receptors in the ... This triggers the hiccup, which creates suction in the chest, pulling air from the stomach up and out through the mouth, ...
... a part of the stomach is permanently stapled to create a smaller pre-stomach pouch, which serves as the new stomach.[33] ... The part of the stomach along its greater curve is resected. The stomach is "tubulized" with a residual volume of about 150 ml ... Procedures that are restrictive shrink the size of the stomach or take up space inside the stomach, making people feel more ... Stomach folding[edit]. Basically, the procedure can best be understood as a version of the more popular gastric sleeve or ...
"on the back and on the stomach"[edit]. I fall, at the feet, ... 7 times and 7 times, "on the back and on the stomach"-EA 316 ...
Stomach and kidneys[edit]. Cortisol stimulates gastric-acid secretion.[31] Cortisol's only direct effect on the hydrogen-ion ...
... , or knee-on-belly, knee-on-chest, knee-ride, knee mount (uki-gatame, 浮固, "floating hold"[1] in budō), is a ... Knee-on-stomach is an advantageous position, where the top combatant can effectively strike similarly to in the mounted ... It is not however considered as stable as the mount, which on the other hand complements the knee-on-stomach well, since it is ... simply by rising up slightly and putting a knee on the opponent's stomach or chest. ...
Advanced adenocarcinomas of stomach and esophagus[edit]. Results of two studies regarding adenocarcinomas have shown matuzumab ... esophageal and stomach cancer[4] early in the 2000s. In August 2007, Merck Serono announced that the preliminary results of the ... several phase II studies investigating the treatment of advanced stomach carcinoma were conducted. At the conference of the ...
This produces a bolus which can be swallowed down the esophagus to enter the stomach. In the stomach the gastric phase of ... As these two chemicals would damage the stomach wall, mucus is secreted by innumerable gastric glands in the stomach, to ... During the fourth week of development, the stomach rotates. The stomach, originally lying in the midline of the embryo, rotates ... The stomach is half empty after an average of 1.2 hours.[31] After four or five hours the stomach has emptied.[32] ...
The annelids (Annelida, from Latin anellus, "little ring"),[2][a] also known as the ringed worms or segmented worms, are a large phylum, with over 22,000 extant species including ragworms, earthworms, and leeches. The species exist in and have adapted to various ecologies - some in marine environments as distinct as tidal zones and hydrothermal vents, others in fresh water, and yet others in moist terrestrial environments. The annelids are bilaterally symmetrical, triploblastic, coelomate, invertebrate organisms. They also have parapodia for locomotion. Most textbooks still use the traditional division into polychaetes (almost all marine), oligochaetes (which include earthworms) and leech-like species. Cladistic research since 1997 has radically changed this scheme, viewing leeches as a sub-group of oligochaetes and oligochaetes as a sub-group of polychaetes. In addition, the Pogonophora, Echiura and Sipuncula, previously regarded as separate phyla, are now regarded as sub-groups of polychaetes. ...
... and carries food to the stomach. A muscular ring, called the cardiac sphincter, connects the stomach to the esophagus. This ... The stomach produces gastric acid, a strongly acidic mixture consisting of hydrochloric acid (HCl) and potassium and sodium ... This and the oblique angle at which the esophagus connects to the stomach explains why horses cannot vomit.[39] The esophagus ... If an endoscopy is used on the stomach, the camera will also have to pass through the esophagus. During an endoscopy, a biopsy ...
Stomach. 1 : 1.4[96] Neutral defects. Hypoplasia of the tibia and femur. 1 : 1.2[96] ...
Earth (土) = Spleen (脾, pinyin: pí) and Stomach (胃, pinyin: weì). *Metal (金) = Lung (肺, pinyin: feì) and Large Intestine (大腸, ... "六腑:膽、胃、小腸、大腸、膀胱、三焦;"傳化物質"。 [The Six Fu: gallbladder, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, bladder, sanjiao; "transmit and ... damp-heat invasion of Spleen and Stomach in case of the Spleen zàng;[26] wind/cold/damp invasion in the case of the meridians.[ ...
... this rotation produces a space anterior to the expanding stomach called the greater sac, and a space posterior to the stomach ... Beyond the stomach, the foregut is attached to the abdominal walls by mesentery. The foregut arises from the endoderm, ... Simultaneously, the stomach begins to expand in width dorsally and ventrally in an asymmetric manner. This asymmetric expansion ... As the stomach rotates during early development, the dorsal and ventral mesentery rotate with it; ...
Stomach MLH1. 73%. 20% [46] Esophagus MLH1. 77%-100%. 23%-79% [47] ...
The parapharyngeal space is shaped like an inverted pyramid. Lateral and inferior to the parapharyngeal space is the carotid sheath, containing the internal carotid artery and cranial nerves IX, X and XI. Behind both the parapharyngeal space and carotid space lies the retropharyngeal space, and deep to this a potential space known as the danger space. The danger space serves as an important pathway for complicated infections of the posterior pharynx to enter the chest and spinal column. Anterior to the parapharyngeal space is the masticator space which contains the lower dental row, muscles of mastication, the inferior alveolar nerve as well as branches of cranial nerve V. Lateral to the parapharyngeal space lies the parotid space, which contains the parotid gland, the external carotid artery and cranial nerve VII.[1] Although initial evaluation is typically by physical exam and endoscopy, follow up with CT and MRI usually is needed if surgical intervention is planned.[2] Bony anatomy around the ...
Beating cilia (tiny "hairs") drive the mucus towards the stomach, so the mucus forms a long string called a "food string".[15] ... At the tapered rear end of the stomach and projecting slightly into the hindgut is the prostyle, a backward-pointing cone of ... Before the mucus string reaches the prostyle, the acidity of the stomach makes the mucus less sticky and frees particles from ... are sent to the stomach's cecum (a pouch with no other exit) to be digested. The sorting process is by no means perfect.[15] ...
Stomach. References[edit]. *^ Nosek, Thomas M. Essentials of Human Physiology. Section 6/6ch2/s6ch2_30. .mw-parser-output cite. ... It lies between the stomach and large intestine, and receives bile and pancreatic juice through the pancreatic duct to aid in ... Instead, the digestive part of the gut forms a spiral intestine, connecting the stomach to the rectum. In this type of gut, the ... Food from the stomach is allowed into the duodenum through the pylorus by a muscle called the pyloric sphincter. ...
Recently ... improved understanding of gut immunity has merged with current thinking in biological and medical science, pointing to an apparent function of the mammalian cecal appendix as a safe-house for symbiotic gut microbes, preserving the flora during times of gastrointestinal infection in societies without modern medicine. This function is potentially a selective force for the evolution and maintenance of the appendix. Three morphotypes of cecal-appendices can be described among mammals based primarily on the shape of the cecum: a distinct appendix branching from a rounded or sac-like cecum (as in many primate species), an appendix located at the apex of a long and voluminous cecum (as in the rabbit, greater glider and Cape dune mole rat), and an appendix in the absence of a pronounced cecum (as in the wombat). In addition, long narrow appendix-like structures are found in mammals that either lack an apparent cecum (as in monotremes) or lack a distinct junction between the cecum and ...
Stomach. MLH1. 73%. 20%. [52]. Esophagus. MLH1. 77%-100%. 23%-79%. [53]. ...
... which resulted in stomach inflation in some cases." [7] The study goes on to state that "Stomach inflation is a complex problem ... causing excess air to divert to the stomach)."[7] Gastric inflation can lead to vomiting and subsequent aspiration of stomach ... Another reported complication was a case of stomach rupture caused by stomach over-inflation from a manual resuscitator.[10] ... When stomach inflation leads to vomiting of highly acidic stomach acids, delivery of subsequent breaths can force these caustic ...
Stomach (胃). Hairy Head (昴). Net (畢). Turtle Beak (觜). Three Stars (參). ...
Stomach (胃). Hairy Head (昴). Net (畢). Turtle Beak (觜). Three Stars (參). ...
Yangming Stomach Channel of Foot (足阳明胃经) or Foot's Yang Supreme Stomach Meridian. Yang Bright (yangming, 阳明). Foot (足). Earth ( ... Stomach (胃). 辰 [chén] 7 a.m. to 9 a.m. Eight extraordinary meridians[edit]. The eight extraordinary meridians are of pivotal ... The Yang meridians of the leg are Stomach, Bladder, and Gall Bladder.[4] ...
... and stomach. Highland Park Hospital also offers a stroke center. ...
... 腹 stomach; 胃 stomach; 臍 navel; 腰 waist; 臓 entrails; 腸 intestines; 心 heart; 肺 lung; 肝 liver; 膵 pancreas; 腎 kidney; 胆 gall ...
... those diagnosed with breast or prostate cancer have a much better outcome than those diagnosed with lung or stomach cancer. In ...
... from stomach ulcers, at the age of 64. ...
Stomach cancer, coronary heart disease, inflammation of the stomach lining, gallbladder inflammation[1]. ... Such stomach mucosal inflammation can be associated with hyperchlorhydria (increased stomach acid secretion) or hypochlorhydria ... Intravenous PPIs can suppress stomach bleeding more quickly than oral ones. A neutral stomach pH is required to keep platelets ... or a biopsy of the stomach.[1] Other conditions that produce similar symptoms include stomach cancer, coronary heart disease, ...
... and stomach/intestinal diseases (e.g., colitis).[7] ... Stomach pain. Major side effects requiring medical attention:[9 ...
The evolutionary relationships between the chordate groups and between chordates as a whole and their closest deuterostome relatives have been debated since 1890. Studies based on anatomical, embryological, and paleontological data have produced different "family trees". Some closely linked chordates and hemichordates, but that idea is now rejected.[4] Combining such analyses with data from a small set of ribosome RNA genes eliminated some older ideas, but opened up the possibility that tunicates (urochordates) are "basal deuterostomes", surviving members of the group from which echinoderms, hemichordates and chordates evolved.[42] Some researchers believe that, within the chordates, craniates are most closely related to cephalochordates, but there are also reasons for regarding tunicates (urochordates) as craniates' closest relatives.[4][43] Since early chordates have left a poor fossil record, attempts have been made to calculate the key dates in their evolution by molecular phylogenetics ...
The stomach bed refers to the structures upon which the stomach rests in mammals.[10][11] These include the pancreas, spleen, ... The insect stomach is called the midgut. Information about the stomach in echinoderms or molluscs can be found under the ... Main article: Stomach disease. A series of radiographs can be used to examine the stomach for various disorders. This will ... Stomach as nutrition sensor. The human stomach can "taste" sodium glutamate using glutamate receptors[34] and this information ...
... malignant tumor of body of stomach malignant neoplasm of lesser curve of stomach gastric neoplasm Ca lesser curvature - stomach ... Synonyms: malignant tumor of greater curve of stomach malignant tumor of lesser curve of stomach malignant neoplasm of body of ... A gastrointestinal system cancer that is located_in the stomach. [ http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ECO_0007638 ] ... stomach cancer. Go to external page http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_10534 Copy ...
The stomach is composed of four parts. The cardia is the first part of the stomach in the digestive tract. It is the part of ... Next, the corpus or body is the piece of the stomach that holds most food as the stomach works to break it down. The last part ... The most northern part of the stomach is the Fundus. This section is the part that creates the curved part of the stomach. ... The stomach functions as a major part of the digestive system. It works as a stopping point in the digestive tract to begin the ...
stomach (third-person singular simple present stomachs, present participle stomaching, simple past and past participle ... "Displaced native Middle English mawe ("stomach, maw") (from Old English maga), Middle English bouk, buc ("belly, stomach") ( ... I really cant stomach jobs involving that much paperwork, but some people seem to tolerate them.. I cant stomach her cooking. ... You come not home because you have no stomach. / You have no stomach, having broke your fast.. ...
The stomach is present in virtually all vertebrate animals and in many invertebrates. In ruminants such as the cow, the stomach ... stomach. stomach, saclike dilation in the gastrointestinal tract between the esophagus and the intestines , forming an organ of ... The stomach is present in virtually all vertebrate animals and in many invertebrates. In ruminants such as the cow, the stomach ... In birds, the stomach forms a thick-walled gizzard that is capable of grinding food. The human stomach is a muscular, elastic, ...
Knee-on-stomach, or knee-on-belly, knee-on-chest, knee-ride, knee mount (uki-gatame, 浮固, "floating hold"[1] in budō), is a ... Knee-on-stomach is an advantageous position, where the top combatant can effectively strike similarly to in the mounted ... It is not however considered as stable as the mount, which on the other hand complements the knee-on-stomach well, since it is ... simply by rising up slightly and putting a knee on the opponents stomach or chest. ...
... are open sores that develop on the lining of the stomach. Read about the possible symptoms, causes, treatments and ... What causes stomach ulcers?. Stomach ulcers occur when the layer that protects the stomach lining from stomach acid breaks down ... Stomach ulcers, also known as gastric ulcers, are open sores that develop on the lining of the stomach. ... Read more about the causes of stomach ulcers.. Whos affected. Its not known how many people have stomach ulcers, although ...
Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=honeycomb_stomach&oldid=44883301" ...
... pyloric stomach that lies in the posterior part of the thorax. Lining the inside of the greatly folded and muscular stomach ... Other articles where Pyloric stomach is discussed: malacostracan: Digestion and nutrition: …from the smaller, more ventral, ... from the smaller, more ventral, pyloric stomach that lies in the posterior part of the thorax. Lining the inside of the greatly ... folded and muscular stomach walls, especially the pyloric portion, are groups or rows of stiff bristles, teeth, and filtering ...
What is a sour stomach? A sour stomach is when your stomach is not digesting food properly and it is sitting there rotting. ... You know if you have a sour stomach if youre experience nausea, bloating or stomach cramps. Your stomach will not feel right, ... Answers.com® WikiAnswers® Categories Science Biology Human Anatomy and Physiology Digestive System Stomach What causes sour ... The root cause for sour stomach in some cases has nothing to do with the type or amount of food consumed. Instead, the stomach ...
... is a treatment of cancer-killing drugs used to kill stomach cancer cells. Learn more about chemotherapy here. ... Chemo can be used in different ways to help treat stomach cancer: *Chemo can be given before surgery for stomach cancer. This, ... Chemotherapy for Stomach Cancer. Chemotherapy (chemo) uses anti-cancer drugs that are injected into a vein or given by mouth as ... To treat advanced stomach cancer, ECF may be used, but other combinations may also be helpful. Some of these include:. *DCF ( ...
van der Post C.R.S., Carneiro F. (2017) Hyperplastic Polyps (Stomach). In: Carneiro F., Chaves P., Ensari A. (eds) Pathology of ... Abraham, S. C., Singh, V. K., Yardley, J. H., & Wu, T. T. (2001). Hyperplastic polyps of the stomach: Associations with ... Hattori, T. (1985). Morphological range of hyperplastic polyps and carcinomas arising in hyperplastic polyps of the stomach. ... Hyperplastic polyposis and diffuse carcinoma of the stomach. A study of a family. Cancer, 72, 323-329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
... The time it takes food to go through your bowel may be slowed down (I note that you are taking senna) and ... It is most likely to be in your abdomen as a whole and will give a feeling as though it is your stomach that is full. ... What can I do to relieve stomach distension (not really bloating), which is keeping me awake at night? ...
See an archive of all upset stomach stories published on the New York Media network, which includes NYMag, The Cut, Vulture, ...
Read about tests that help detect stomach ulcers and get relief for your belly. ... Dull and burning stomach pain are common symptoms of a peptic ulcer. ... A peptic ulcer is a sore in the lining of your stomach or your duodenum, the first part of your small intestine. A burning ... Definition and Facts for Peptic Ulcers (Stomach Ulcers) (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) ...
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Targeted drugs work differently on stomach cancer than standard chemotherapy drugs. They often have less severe side effects. ... Targeted Therapies for Stomach Cancer. Targeted drugs may work in some cases when standard chemo drugs dont. They also tend to ... About 1 out of 5 of stomach cancers has too much of a growth-promoting protein called HER2 on the surface of the cancer cells. ... Trastuzumab is injected into a vein (IV). For stomach cancer, it is given once every 2 or 3 weeks along with chemo. The best ...
Did you know risk factors for stomach (gastric) cancer include a diet high in salty or smoked food or having an H. pylori ... Have a family history of stomach cancer. It is hard to diagnose stomach cancer in its early stages. Indigestion and stomach ... Stomach Cancer (American Academy of Family Physicians) Also in Spanish * What Is Stomach Cancer? (American Cancer Society) Also ... What Causes Stomach Cancer? (American Cancer Society) Also in Spanish * What Should You Ask Your Doctor about Stomach Cancer? ( ...
... stomach cancer is still the fourth most common cancer and the second most common cause of cancer death in the world. There is ... the by far strongest established risk factor for distal stomach cancer, and male sex, a family history of stomach cancer, and ... Gastric cancer Helicobacter pylori incidence mortality smoking stomach cancer This is a preview of subscription content, log in ... Despite a major decline in incidence and mortality over several decades, stomach cancer is still the fourth most common cancer ...
Stomach viruses are known for stomach pain, vomiting, and fever. There are several causes and it can be very contagious. It ... Viral stomach infections are very contagious. It is easy to get and give a stomach virus. You might touch infected people ... Gastroenteritis is a general term for the stomach virus or stomach flu. It is called this because of its symptoms. This is not ... Anyone can get a stomach virus. It occurs when the lining of your stomach or intestines becomes inflamed. It usually is mild ...
A disease characterized by abnormal growth of cells in the stomach. The incidence of stomach cancer has decreased dramatically ... Stomach cancer, also called gastric cancer, a disease characterized by abnormal growth of cells in the stomach. The incidence ... Stage 0 stomach cancer is also called carcinoma in situ and is confined to the epithelial cells that line the stomach. Stage I ... Staging for stomach cancer is complicated and is based on a combination of how far the cancer has grown through the stomach ...
We take a look at the various causes, treatments, and conditions associated with a tight stomach. ... What is a tight stomach?. Share on Pinterest. A tight stomach may have many different causes, including constipation, IBS, and ... A hiatal or hiatus hernia occurs when part of the stomach pushes into the chest. Tightness in the upper portion of the stomach ... Indigestion occurs when stomach acid irritates the lining of the stomach or the food pipe. ...
Treatments and Tools for stomach ache. Find stomach ache information, treatments for stomach ache and stomach ache symptoms. ... MedHelps stomach ache Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, ... Constant stomach ache and no stool passed for 6 days - Pediatrics Community ... Ive been having this stomach problem since the last 4 years. I feel these really strong vi... ...
A lump in stomach is a symptom of some serious disorder and should not be ignored. Scroll down to know more on the potential ... Stomach cancer, or gastric cancer, is the most severe cause of lump in stomach. Stomach cancer develops when a malignant tumor ... Ive decided i should go to the doctos and not to ignore the lump in my stomach. thank you - nicole williams [February 6, 2011] ... A lump in stomach is a symptom of some serious disorder and should not be ignored. Scroll down to know more on the potential ...
swollen stomach My daughter is eight almost 9. As soon as she has had a swim she always complains of stomach ache. I give her ... Her stomach just seems to be bloated all the time compared to her twin sister. Should I take her to a specialist? Could you ... Concerned, having a bloated stomach all the time definitely isnt normal. It might be nothing, but it might also be due to an ...
Understanding and reducing the risk of stomach cancer. Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment. Take action to reduce stomach cancer ... Understanding and reducing the risk of stomach cancer.. Stomach cancer can form in the following parts of the stomach:. * ... Rates of cancer in the main stomach body have been declining for decades.. *Until the late 1930s, stomach cancer was the ... Antibiotics can kill a stomach bacteria known to increase the risk of stomach cancer. ...
Stomach problems Hello, i have been having a problem with digestion for a week and half now. About 1-2 hours after i eat i get ... A giant, writhing worm was spotted on a sonogram inside a mans stomach - not for the faint of heart ... Could this be the problem ? I was born with cholic and always have stomach issues but nothing like this before. ...
An Army Travels on Its Stomach. The food may still taste like road kill. But if a new program from the U.S. Army works out, GIs ...
... now i sleep on my stomach everynight, i even fell asleep on my back and turned over to my stomach when i was half asleep. The ... i used to sleep on my back and my side and thought it was impossible to sleep on your stomach ... sleeping on your stomach?. i used to sleep on my back and my side and thought it was impossible to sleep on your stomach ... now i sleep on my stomach everynight, i even fell asleep on my back and turned over to my stomach when i was half asleep. ...
  • In humans and many other animals, the stomach is located between the oesophagus and the small intestine . (wikipedia.org)
  • In humans, the stomach lies between the oesophagus and the duodenum (the first part of the small intestine ). (wikipedia.org)
  • The last part is the Pylorus which is the passage that leads from the lower portion of the stomach to the small intestine. (redorbit.com)
  • Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide (GIP) neutralizes stomach acid to protect the small intestine from acid damage. (redorbit.com)
  • The other end of the stomach empties into the first section of the small intestine, or duodenum the pyloric sphincter, which separates the two, remains closed until the food in the stomach has been modified and is in suitable condition to pass into the small intestine. (infoplease.com)
  • A peptic ulcer is a sore in the lining of your stomach or your duodenum, the first part of your small intestine. (medlineplus.gov)
  • After leaving the stomach, partly-digested food passes into the small intestine and then into the large intestine . (medicinenet.com)
  • In 2012, Indian doctors found a 4lb (1.8 kilo) mass of hair and chalk stuck between the stomach and small intestine of a 19-year-old student. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • According to the Chicago Tribune, stomach ulcers and lesions are not as commonly diagnosed as are duodenal ulcers, which occur in the small intestine. (reference.com)
  • You drink a thick white liquid (barium) that coats your upper gastrointestinal tract and helps your doctor see your stomach and small intestine on X-rays. (healthline.com)
  • A thin, lighted tube is inserted through your mouth and into the stomach and the first part of the small intestine. (healthline.com)
  • Peptic ulcers are ulcers that form in the stomach or first part of the small intestine (the duodenum). (selfgrowth.com)
  • There is also a brand of food You can buy specifically designed for felines with sensitive stomachs. (medhelp.org)
  • It is another Science diet brand however designed for sensitive stomachs. (medhelp.org)
  • I use the coffee for sensitive stomachs, it's called Smooth, I think. (drugs.com)
  • Antibiotics can kill a stomach bacteria known to increase the risk of stomach cancer. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Several years ago, researchers proposed the provocative idea that bacteria living in the human stomach could be responsible for the development of some stomach ulcers. (npr.org)
  • Several years ago, researchers proposed the provocative idea that bacteria living in the human stomach could be responsible for the development of some stomach ulcers - and the doctors found that treating those bacteria, H. pylori, with antibiotics could reduce ulcer risk. (npr.org)
  • Scientists at the Vetmeduni Vienna investigated whether stomach ulcers in cattle are related to the presence of certain bacteria. (eurekalert.org)
  • For their study, they analyzed bacteria present in healthy and ulcerated cattle stomachs and found very few differences in microbial diversity. (eurekalert.org)
  • The primary bacteria found in calf stomachs were beneficial lactic acid bacteria. (eurekalert.org)
  • These bacteria enter the stomachs of calves through the milk that forms their main source of nutrition. (eurekalert.org)
  • Your chances of getting stomach cancer are higher if you have had a stomach infection caused by bacteria called Helicobacter pylori , which also causes ulcers in the stomach. (familydoctor.org)
  • Just wanted to make sure if you can contract any sort of bacteria which may cause stomach cancer by being in touch with the person who ha. (medhelp.org)
  • H. pylori are spiral-shaped bacteria that can damage the lining of your stomach and duodenum and cause peptic ulcer disease. (nih.gov)
  • The discovery was surprising because physicians had argued for decades that the interior of the stomach was too acidic for any bacteria to grow there. (sfgate.com)
  • Bacterial gastroenteritis (stomach flu) shares many of the symptoms as viral stomach flu, but in some individuals, bacteria may cause bloody diarrhea (hemorrhagic gastroenteritis). (rxlist.com)
  • A gastrointestinal system cancer that is located_in the stomach. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Chemo can be given before surgery for stomach cancer. (cancer.org)
  • For some stages of stomach cancer, neoadjuvant chemo is one of the standard treatment options. (cancer.org)
  • Often, for stomach cancer, chemo is given with radiation therapy after surgery. (cancer.org)
  • Chemo may be given as the primary (main) treatment for stomach cancer that has spread (metastasized) to distant organs. (cancer.org)
  • To treat advanced stomach cancer, ECF may be used, but other combinations may also be helpful. (cancer.org)
  • Many doctors prefer to use combinations of 2 chemo drugs to treat advanced stomach cancer. (cancer.org)
  • What is stomach cancer? (webmd.com)
  • Cancer of the stomach, or gastric cancer, is a disease in which stomach cells become malignant (cancerous) and grow out of control, forming a tumor. (webmd.com)
  • Once beyond the stomach, cancer can spread to other organs. (webmd.com)
  • American Academy of Family Physicians: "What Should I Know About Stomach Cancer? (webmd.com)
  • The Mayo Clinic: "Stomach cancer. (webmd.com)
  • About 1 out of 5 of stomach cancers has too much of a growth-promoting protein called HER2 on the surface of the cancer cells. (cancer.org)
  • Giving trastuzumab with chemo can help some patients with advanced, HER2-positive stomach cancer live longer than giving chemo alone. (cancer.org)
  • This drug only works if the cancer cells have too much HER2, so samples of your tumor must be tested to look for HER2 before starting treatment (see Tests for Stomach Cancer ). (cancer.org)
  • For stomach cancer, it is given once every 2 or 3 weeks along with chemo. (cancer.org)
  • Ramucirumab is used to treat advanced stomach cancer, most often after another drug stops working. (cancer.org)
  • Other targeted therapy drugs are being tested against stomach cancer. (cancer.org)
  • Despite a major decline in incidence and mortality over several decades, stomach cancer is still the fourth most common cancer and the second most common cause of cancer death in the world. (springer.com)
  • The best established risk factors for stomach cancer are Helicobacter pylori infection, the by far strongest established risk factor for distal stomach cancer, and male sex, a family history of stomach cancer, and smoking. (springer.com)
  • While some factors related to diet and food preservation, such as high intake of salt-preserved foods and dietary nitrite or low intake of fruit and vegetables, are likely to increase the risk of stomach cancer, the quantitative impact of many dietary factors remains uncertain, partly due to limitations of exposure assessment and control for confounding factors. (springer.com)
  • Future epidemiologic research should pay particular attention to differentiation of stomach cancer epidemiology by subsite, and to exploration of potential interactions between H. pylori infection, genetic, and environmental factors. (springer.com)
  • Stomach cancer , also called gastric cancer , a disease characterized by abnormal growth of cells in the stomach . (britannica.com)
  • The incidence of stomach cancer has decreased dramatically since the early 20th century in countries where refrigeration has replaced other methods of food preservation such as salting, smoking, and pickling. (britannica.com)
  • Stomach cancer rates remain high in countries where these processes are still used extensively. (britannica.com)
  • Multiple risk factors have been identified that increase a person's probability of developing stomach cancer. (britannica.com)
  • These include a diet high in salted, smoked, or pickled foods, tobacco and alcohol use, obesity, or a family history of stomach cancer. (britannica.com)
  • Infection by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori , which can cause significant damage to gastric tissues and is a cause of peptic ulcers , can also lead to stomach cancer. (britannica.com)
  • Other factors that may increase the risk of stomach cancer to varying degrees are previous stomach surgery, blood type A, advanced age (60-70 years), or chronic stomach inflammation . (britannica.com)
  • Males develop stomach cancer at approximately twice the rate of females. (britannica.com)
  • Rare disorders such as pernicious anemia , Menetrier disease, or common variable immunodeficiency and congenital disorders that lead to increased risk for colorectal cancer may also increase stomach cancer risk. (britannica.com)
  • The symptoms of stomach cancer are prevalent in many other illnesses and may include abdominal pain or discomfort, unexplained weight loss, vomiting , poor digestion, or visible swelling in the abdomen. (britannica.com)
  • No specific laboratory test for stomach cancer exists, and the disease is therefore usually diagnosed through a combination of visual means. (britannica.com)
  • A breath test to detect specific chemicals present only in the breath of persons with stomach cancer has shown promise in trials in human patients. (britannica.com)
  • If implemented clinically, it could aid early disease detection and streamline the effectiveness of diagnostic imaging for stomach cancer. (britannica.com)
  • Once stomach cancer has been diagnosed, its stage is determined. (britannica.com)
  • Staging for stomach cancer is complicated and is based on a combination of how far the cancer has grown through the stomach wall and on the number of lymph nodes affected, if any. (britannica.com)
  • Stage 0 stomach cancer is also called carcinoma in situ and is confined to the epithelial cells that line the stomach. (britannica.com)
  • Stage I and II stomach cancers are characterized by the spread of cancer through the innermost layer (mucosa) of the stomach wall, with involvement of as many as 6 lymph nodes in stage IB and 7 to 15 lymph nodes in stage II, or spread to the muscular layer (muscularis), with involvement of up to 6 lymph nodes in stage II. (britannica.com)
  • A very high percentage of individuals survive stomach cancer for at least five years if the cancer is diagnosed very early, and many of them go on to live long, healthy lives. (britannica.com)
  • the overall five-year survival rate for stomach cancer is about 20 to 28 percent. (britannica.com)
  • Surgery is the only method available for curing stomach cancer, although radiation or chemotherapy may be used in conjunction with surgery or to relieve symptoms. (britannica.com)
  • But, one need not panic, as apart from cancer, formation of lump or bulging mass in stomach can also be a symptom of other diseases and disorders. (buzzle.com)
  • Stomach cancer, or gastric cancer, is the most severe cause of lump in stomach. (buzzle.com)
  • Stomach cancer develops when a malignant tumor grows in the outermost lining of the stomach. (buzzle.com)
  • however, doctors often believe that diet and lifestyle plays an important role in increasing the risk of stomach cancer. (buzzle.com)
  • Eating excess salty and fatty food, excess smoking and alcohol consumption is believed to cause stomach cancer. (buzzle.com)
  • Similarly, men, specially older men are more prone to stomach cancer. (buzzle.com)
  • Treatment of stomach cancer depends on the development and spread of the cancerous cells. (buzzle.com)
  • Understanding and reducing the risk of stomach cancer. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Rates of cancer in the main stomach body have been declining for decades. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Until the late 1930s, stomach cancer was the leading cause of cancer death in the U.S. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Normally stomach cancer symptoms don't appear until the disease is advanced. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Chemotherapy uses chemicals to kill cancer cells within the stomach tissue, as well as throughout the body. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Take action to reduce stomach cancer risk. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Cancer is the growth of abnormal ( malignant ) body cells: stomach cancer cells spread by breaking away from other cancer cells and go into the bloodstream or lymphatics while others penetrate into organs near the stomach. (medicinenet.com)
  • Although the cause of stomach cancer development is not known, risk factors include inflammation of the stomach, Helicobacter pylori infection, smoking , poor diet , obesity , lack of physical activity, and the history of stomach cancer in the family. (medicinenet.com)
  • The symptoms of stomach cancer may include discomfort and/or pain in the stomach, nausea and vomiting , weight loss , difficulty swallowing , vomiting blood , blood in the stool , and feeling full or bloated after a small meal. (medicinenet.com)
  • Stomach cancer is diagnosed by a physical exam, medical history, endoscopy , and biopsy of the tissue. (medicinenet.com)
  • Stomach cancer is staged according to where the cancers found and how far it has invaded the stomach tissue, or if it has spread beyond the stomach and into other organs (stages 0 to IV). (medicinenet.com)
  • The treatment of stomach cancer depends on the size and location of the tumor , the stage of the disease and the patient's general health. (medicinenet.com)
  • Gastric cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the lining of the stomach. (medicinenet.com)
  • Stromal tumors of the stomach begin in supporting connective tissue and are treated differently from gastric cancer. (medicinenet.com)
  • Age, diet, and stomach disease can affect the risk of developing gastric cancer. (medicinenet.com)
  • Brain cells may be the latest victim of a bacterial bad guy already charged with causing ulcers and stomach cancer. (wired.com)
  • Although the bacterium causes ulcers and stomach cancer, it also helps protect against allergies, asthma and esophageal cancer and other acid-reflux diseases. (wired.com)
  • Stomach cancer (also called gastric cancer) is the growth of cancer cells in the lining and wall of the stomach. (familydoctor.org)
  • Sometimes cancer can grow in the stomach for a long time before it causes symptoms. (familydoctor.org)
  • The earlier stomach cancer is found, the better the chances for effective treatment. (familydoctor.org)
  • What causes stomach cancer? (familydoctor.org)
  • How is stomach cancer diagnosed? (familydoctor.org)
  • If your doctor suspects that you might have stomach cancer, he or she will look at your medical history and do a complete physical exam. (familydoctor.org)
  • During endoscopy, your doctor might remove a small piece of your stomach to check it for cancer cells. (familydoctor.org)
  • Can stomach cancer be prevented or avoided? (familydoctor.org)
  • There is no way to prevent stomach cancer. (familydoctor.org)
  • However, you can help reduce your risk of stomach cancer by not smoking and by limiting how much alcohol you drink. (familydoctor.org)
  • Treatments for stomach cancer include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of these treatments. (familydoctor.org)
  • The choice of treatment depends on whether the cancer is just in the stomach or if it has spread to other places in the body. (familydoctor.org)
  • If part of your cancer treatment involved removing all or part of your stomach, your doctor will refer you to a nutritionist. (familydoctor.org)
  • Am I more likely to get stomach cancer? (familydoctor.org)
  • Will eating a healthy diet help me to avoid getting stomach cancer? (familydoctor.org)
  • My father had stomach cancer. (familydoctor.org)
  • What is the best treatment for my stomach cancer? (familydoctor.org)
  • After my treatment, will I have to come back often to make sure my stomach cancer doesn't come back? (familydoctor.org)
  • Stomach cancer is cancer that starts anywhere inside the stomach or the stomach wall. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • The type of stomach cancer you have depends on the type of cell it starts in. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • Find out about survival for stomach cancer. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • Your treatment depends on where in the stomach your cancer is, how big it is, whether it has spread anywhere else in your body and your general health. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • Advanced stomach cancer means that a cancer that began in the stomach has spread to at least one other part of the body, such as the liver or lungs. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • Get support to cope during and after stomach cancer treatment, including diet tips to help you eat well. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • Find out about the latest UK research for stomach cancer, clinical trials and how you can take part. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • One method for treating stomach cancer is to sever the branches of the vagus nerve that innervate the stomach, a procedure known as a vagotomy. (newscientist.com)
  • identify a regulatory circuit in human gastric cells that becomes compromised by H. pylori -induced inflammation and leads to the development of stomach cancer. (eurekalert.org)
  • A study in The Journal of Cell Biology reveals that the microRNA miR-7 suppresses gastric (stomach) cancer by inhibiting a key signaling pathway, and that this protective mechanism is compromised by the cancer-causing bacterium H. pylori . (eurekalert.org)
  • Symptoms of gastric cancer include indigestion and stomach discomfort or pain. (rxlist.com)
  • A diagnosis of stomach cancer can leave you and your loved ones feeling uncertain, anxious and overwhelmed. (cancercare.org)
  • It is helpful to keep in mind that there are many sources of information and support for people coping with stomach cancer. (cancercare.org)
  • By learning about this diagnosis and its treatment options, communicating with your health care team, and surrounding yourself with a support network, you will be better able to manage your stomach cancer and experience a better quality of life. (cancercare.org)
  • Stomach cancer occurs when the cells found in the stomach begin to change and grow uncontrollably, forming a tumor (also called a nodule), which can be either cancerous or benign. (cancercare.org)
  • The main types of stomach cancer are adenocarcinoma, lymphoma, carcinoid tumor and gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). (cancercare.org)
  • There are a wide range of treatments for stomach cancer, including surgery, targeted therapy, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. (cancercare.org)
  • Because stomach cancer is a complex condition with complex treatment options, good communication between you and your health care team is key. (cancercare.org)
  • Your oncologist, nurses, and other members of your health care team work together to treat your stomach cancer. (cancercare.org)
  • While stomach cancer can present many challenges, keep in mind that you do not need to cope with this diagnosis on your own. (cancercare.org)
  • Adjusting to and finding ways to cope with a stomach cancer diagnosis is an important part of healing, along with treatment. (cancercare.org)
  • Here the term stomach ulcer will be used, although the information applies equally to duodenal ulcers. (www.nhs.uk)
  • The most common symptom of a stomach ulcer is a burning or gnawing pain in the centre of the tummy (abdomen). (www.nhs.uk)
  • Read more about the symptoms of a stomach ulcer and diagnosing a stomach ulcer . (www.nhs.uk)
  • You should visit your GP if you think you may have a stomach ulcer. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Most people will be prescribed a medication called a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) to reduce the amount of acid their stomach produces and allow the ulcer to heal naturally. (www.nhs.uk)
  • I have a stomach ulcer. (familydoctor.org)
  • Rarely, a peptic ulcer may develop just above your stomach in your esophagus. (nih.gov)
  • A dull or burning pain in your stomach is the most common symptom of a peptic ulcer. (nih.gov)
  • Your doctor will decide the best treatment based on the cause of your peptic ulcer (stomach ulcer). (nih.gov)
  • In the Chicago Tribune, Doctor Allen J. Douma explains that while the terms "stomach lesion" and "stomach ulcer" are used interchangeably, they are not synonymous. (reference.com)
  • When this occurs, the stomach acid can erode portions of the stomach lining -- an ulcer, according to the Chicago Tribune. (reference.com)
  • What Are the Symptoms of a Bleeding Stomach Ulcer? (reference.com)
  • What Foods Should You Avoid If You Have a Stomach Ulcer? (reference.com)
  • What Does a Stomach Ulcer Feel Like? (reference.com)
  • What is a stomach ulcer? (healthline.com)
  • Stomach ulcers are a type of peptic ulcer disease. (healthline.com)
  • This allows the digestive acids to eat away at the tissues that line the stomach, causing an ulcer. (healthline.com)
  • Talk to your doctor if you have any symptoms of a stomach ulcer. (healthline.com)
  • To diagnose a stomach ulcer, your doctor will review your medical history along with your symptoms and any prescription or over-the-counter medications you're taking. (healthline.com)
  • If your stomach ulcer is the result of H. pylori , you'll need antibiotics and drugs called proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) . (healthline.com)
  • There are many types of stomach ulcers and peptic ulcer is one of them. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Severe stomach cramps and abdominal pain can have a variety of reasons, ranging from something as simple as gas to something more serious like a gastrointestinal disorder. (buzzle.com)
  • Stomach cramps that start suddenly after eating are pretty common. (buzzle.com)
  • Upper stomach cramps is an annoying condition that many of us have faced a number of times. (buzzle.com)
  • Stomach cramps and diarrhea usually come and go and the person may regain his health within a few days. (buzzle.com)
  • Stomach cramps in early pregnancy are quite common. (buzzle.com)
  • Stomach cramps is a common phenomenon during pregnancy, that most women experience. (buzzle.com)
  • Getting stomach cramps in the middle of an intense workout can not only be annoying, but painful and uncomfortable as well. (buzzle.com)
  • A GI virus can cause stomach cramps as well as vomiting and/or diarrhea. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Common symptoms include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and stomach cramps, and can last for 1-3 days. (constantcontact.com)
  • tonight I'm having really bad stomach cramps. (mothering.com)
  • Helicobacter pylori, also known as H. pylori, is a spiral shaped bacterium that lives in the stomach and is typically acquired in the first years of life. (npr.org)
  • Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) infection of the stomach. (medicinenet.com)
  • Helicobacter pylori , a bacterium that lives in the stomachs of about half the people in the world, may help trigger Parkinson's disease, researchers reported May 22 at a meeting of the American Society for Microbiology. (wired.com)
  • Gastritis and stomach ulcers in humans are often caused by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori . (eurekalert.org)
  • Dr. J. Robin Warren , 68, and Dr. Barry J. Marshall , 54, overturned a dogma that had been embraced by physicians for decades by isolating a spiral-shaped bacterium called Helicobacter pylori from humans and ultimately demonstrating that it could produce serious lesions in the stomach. (sfgate.com)
  • Researchers now know that Helicobacter pylori causes more than 90 percent of duodenal stomach ulcers and 80 percent of upper intestinal ulcers, the Nobel committee said. (sfgate.com)
  • If a hole forms in the stomach or intestine it can lead to severe infection and may require surgery to correct. (cancer.org)
  • People sometimes refer to a norovirus infection as 'stomach flu,' even though the virus is not related to influenza. (livescience.com)
  • A strep throat infection causes 10% of new onset stomach pain with fever. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Sometimes, stomach pain signals the start of a viral infection. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Your stomach is full of naturally produced acid that helps break down food and protects the GI tract from infection. (wikihow.com)
  • Eating from road-side stalls should and must be avoided as they serve as the major reason for stomach infection," said Dr MP Sharma, head of department, gastroenterology, Rockland Hospital. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Stomach aches are caused by eating too much or too little food, intestinal gas, or a mild viral infection. (parents.com)
  • Repeated stomach aches may result from colic, constipation, or urinary tract infection. (parents.com)
  • Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide (VIP) is the hormone that stimulates the relaxation of smooth muscle in the stomach and gall bladder. (redorbit.com)
  • Intestinal metaplasia (a condition in which the normal stomach lining is replaced with the cells that line the intestines ). (medicinenet.com)
  • Well, it could be due to excessive accumulation of intestinal gas in your stomach. (buzzle.com)
  • Gas can develop in your stomach or your intestinal tract. (healthline.com)
  • Rarely, a condition known as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome can cause stomach and intestinal ulcers by increasing the body's production of acid. (healthline.com)
  • Ninety-five percent of malignant stomach cancers develop from epithelial cells lining the stomach. (britannica.com)
  • These could represent infective growths, ulcers/ erosions, growths from the stomach wall (benign or malignant) etc. (medhelp.org)
  • The cardia is where the contents of the esophagus empty into the stomach. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is the part of the stomach that allows the food to empty from the esophagus. (redorbit.com)
  • stomach, saclike dilation in the gastrointestinal tract between the esophagus and the intestines , forming an organ of digestion. (infoplease.com)
  • Food enters the stomach from the esophagus, through a ring of muscles known as the cardiac sphincter that normally prevents food from passing back to the esophagus. (infoplease.com)
  • Food moves from the throat to the stomach through a hollow, muscular tube called the esophagus . (medicinenet.com)
  • The most common symptom is heartburn (a.k.a. gastroesophageal reflux), which occurs when stomach acid leaks into the esophagus. (wikihow.com)
  • Stomach ulcers occur when the layer that protects the stomach lining from stomach acid breaks down, which allows the stomach lining to become damaged. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Indigestion occurs when stomach acid irritates the lining of the stomach or the food pipe. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • It produces stomach acid for this purpose and secretes an inner layer of mucus to protect itself from the acid. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In contrast, experts believe that FGPs may arise when something forces the stomach to produce less gastric acid. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Duodenal ulcers are associated with a high acid level in the stomach. (healthy.net)
  • These causes range from inflammation of the lining of the stomach to acid reflux disease. (buzzle.com)
  • But, excess stomach acid can cause uncomfortable symptoms, pain, and even severe health problems. (wikihow.com)
  • Reducing excess stomach acid is the best way to manage these problems. (wikihow.com)
  • Don't hesitate to seek medical treatment if lifestyle changes don't fix your stomach acid issues. (wikihow.com)
  • For severe or frequent (2 or more episodes per week) GERD: take proton pump inhibitors (omeprazole, lansoprazole, esomeprazole, pantoprazole, dexlansoprazole, rabeprazole) to prevent acid secretion in the stomach. (wikihow.com)
  • Although the stomach is usually well protected from the stomach acid it holds by a layer of protective mucus, sometimes this mucus layer breaks down. (reference.com)
  • In some cases, the amount or concentration of stomach acid increases and overcomes the protective strength of the mucus. (reference.com)
  • PPIs block the stomach cells that produce acid. (healthline.com)
  • Notify medical personnel if you have the stomach flu for more than five days, or if dehydration , bloodied diarrhea , constant abdominal pain , or high fever develops. (medicinenet.com)
  • The primary symptom of viral gastroenteritis (stomach flu) is diarrhea (non-bloody). (medicinenet.com)
  • After their "fiber challenge," participants were called several times over two days and asked about symptoms such as gas/bloating, nausea, flatulence, stomach cramping, diarrhea, constipation and GI rumbling. (reuters.com)
  • She prefers to use the term stomach bug to describe a group of viruses that can upset your stomach, bringing on nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. (parenting.com)
  • It can be a little tricky if a stomach bug comes with cramping right before a child has diarrhea, but if the diarrhea relieves it a little that's a sign it might just be a bug. (parenting.com)
  • Also call your doctor if there is any blood in the diarrhea or vomit, which is not common with stomach bugs. (parenting.com)
  • Due to this, as well as the fact that stomach polyps often cause no symptoms, diagnosis can be challenging. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This information will help you understand why your child has recurring stomach pain and will help your child's doctor to make the right diagnosis. (parents.com)
  • Almost all stomach cancers (about 95%) start in the glandular tissue that lines the stomach. (webmd.com)
  • How are stomach cancers classified? (webmd.com)
  • Other stomach cancers can develop from the surrounding immune cells, hormone-producing cells, or connective tissue . (britannica.com)
  • Other stage II stomach cancers may be characterized by spread to the outermost layer (serosa) of the stomach wall. (britannica.com)
  • Lifestyle factors are linked to 3 out of 4 stomach cancers. (cancerresearchuk.org)
  • Children who are unable to verbalize their feelings of discomfort or stress often will express their discomfort by having stomach aches or headaches. (parents.com)
  • Indigestion and stomach discomfort. (rxlist.com)
  • The pyloric sphincter controls the passage of partially digested food ( chyme ) from the stomach into the duodenum , where peristalsis takes over to move this through the rest of the intestines. (wikipedia.org)
  • the lower oesophageal sphincter (found in the cardiac region), at the junction of the oesophagus and stomach, and the pyloric sphincter at the junction of the stomach with the duodenum. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pylorus (from Greek 'gatekeeper') is the lower section of the stomach that empties contents into the duodenum . (wikipedia.org)
  • Peptic ulcers happen when the acids that help you digest food damage the walls of the stomach or duodenum. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Your doctor also may look inside your stomach and duodenum by doing an endoscopy or x-ray. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Hyperplastic polyps of the stomach: Associations with histologic patterns of gastritis and gastric atrophy. (springer.com)
  • Marshall, B. J. and Warren, J. R. (1984) Unidentified curved bacilli in the stomach of patients with gastritis and peptic ulceration. (springer.com)
  • Gastritis is a common condition that occurs when there is an inflammation of the stomach lining. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Chronic gastritis (inflammation of the stomach). (medicinenet.com)
  • Painful gastritis and ulcers can occur in the abomasa of cattle, potentially weakening the animals, leading to perforations of the stomach and possibly even to cases of death," first author Alexandra Hund explains. (eurekalert.org)
  • Secretin regulates the secretion in the stomach and pancreas all while regulating water homeostasis. (redorbit.com)
  • In classical anatomy the human stomach is divided into four sections, beginning at the cardia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lesser curvature of the human stomach is supplied by the right gastric artery inferiorly and the left gastric artery superiorly, which also supplies the cardiac region. (wikipedia.org)
  • The gastrointestinal wall of the human stomach. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like the other parts of the gastrointestinal tract, the human stomach walls consist of a mucosa , submucosa , muscularis externa , subserosa and serosa . (wikipedia.org)
  • The human stomach is a muscular, elastic, pear-shaped bag, lying crosswise in the abdominal cavity beneath the diaphragm. (infoplease.com)
  • The abomasum is the actual stomach and is similar in anatomy and function to the human stomach. (eurekalert.org)
  • But it is clear that a possible link between Parkinson's disease and the stomach bacterium can no longer be ignored. (wired.com)
  • Warren and Marshall won the 2005 Nobel medicine prize on Monday for discovering the bacterium behind stomach inflammation and ulcers, diseases which affect millions of people and earn billions of dollars for drugs firms. (sfgate.com)
  • Two Australian researchers who discovered that stomach ulcers are caused by a bacterium, not by emotional stress or spicy foods, were awarded the 2005 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine on Monday. (sfgate.com)
  • The research got its start in 1979 when Warren, a pathologist, observed an apparent bacterium in the lower part of the stomach in more than half the patients from which biopsies had been obtained. (sfgate.com)
  • Both stomach and duodenal ulcers are sometimes referred to as peptic ulcers. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Ulcers can occur in the stomach and are usually found either in the stomach proper (gastric ulcers), or in the part of the intestine that drains food from the stomach (duodenal ulcers). (healthy.net)
  • You can also try doing a general search for the term 'stomach' . (smashwords.com)
  • This article has been written and posted by a health advisor working at bookmydoctor.com, who also provides free of cost consultancy to patients and advise to search and find, lymphoma Doctor in Delhi By visiting the site, patients can look for lymphoma specialist in Delhi and stomach ulcers specialist in Delhi to get their proper treatment. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Ulcers can also occur in part of the intestine just beyond the stomach. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Stomach ulcers can affect people of any age, including children, but mostly occur in people aged 60 or over. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Although most stomach polyp types are harmless, some stomach polyps occur due to the presence of cancerous cells. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • For example, there is evidence that GHPs may occur due to chronic stomach inflammation, although the exact mechanisms behind this link are currently unknown. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Stomach pains that mainly occur in the morning on school days. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Symptoms may occur in some individuals with either viral or bacterial stomach flu. (rxlist.com)
  • Stomach ulcers generally occur in people between 55 and 70 years of age. (reference.com)
  • Stomach ulcers occur when the thick layer of mucus that protects your stomach from digestive juices is reduced. (healthline.com)
  • Excess consumption of fatty foods can irritate the stomach and lead to a great deal of pain. (answers.com)
  • A burning stomach pain is the most common symptom. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Sleeping on ones stomach is good for you- the back pain is due to the waterbed- Get rid of it as its not helping you in any way- You are so young you should not be getting aches and pains! (yahoo.com)
  • stomach pain My father-in-law is in the middle of a workup for ALS at Johns Hopkins. (medhelp.org)
  • Zoloft (Sertraline) Stomach Pain? (drugs.com)
  • I read that Zoloft causes stomach pain. (drugs.com)
  • Abdominal pain is fairly common and the most likely cause may be an upset stomach or case of bad gas. (buzzle.com)
  • Stomach ulcers weaken the animals and cause pain. (eurekalert.org)
  • A month ago went to a medical center complaining about stomach pain n they did some tests and told me i have H-Pylori and tht my white bl. (medhelp.org)
  • Eating too much can cause an upset stomach and mild stomach pain. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Younger children may complain of stomach pain when they are hungry. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • The pain is in the pit of the stomach or near the belly button. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Attacks of stomach pain and vomiting with sudden onset and offset. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Mild stomach pain can be caused by something simple. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Younger children often talk about stomach pain when they have nausea. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Anna Nicole Smith's former hairdresser claims that his former client had a history of intense stomach pain that caused her to "black out," and would often pop pills to reduce the agony. (tmz.com)
  • Typically, the pain will be more intense when your stomach is empty, and it can last for a few minutes to several hours. (healthline.com)
  • Tummy troubles are a common cause for a visit to the doctor's office, but when you complain of stomach pain, do the causes actually originate in your stomach? (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • When patients complain of "stomach pain," they are sometimes describing pain that is throughout the abdomen area and may not actually be directly related to the organ known as the stomach. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • The stomach is a muscular, hollow organ in the gastrointestinal tract of humans and many other animals, including several invertebrates . (wikipedia.org)
  • The muscular action of the stomach and the digestive action of the gastric juice convert food in the stomach into a semiliquid state (chyme). (infoplease.com)
  • Lining the inside of the greatly folded and muscular stomach walls, especially the pyloric portion, are groups or rows of stiff bristles, teeth, and filtering setae known as the gastric mill. (britannica.com)
  • The tumor usually grows in the muscular sac which is located in the middle of the stomach, just below the ribs. (buzzle.com)
  • There are other ways you can help prevent or avoid most types of stomach viruses. (familydoctor.org)
  • There are several different types of stomach polyp, which affect a person's stomach in slightly different ways. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Rare but possibly serious side effects include blood clots, severe bleeding, holes forming in the stomach or intestines (perforations), and problems with wound healing. (cancer.org)
  • It occurs when the lining of your stomach or intestines becomes inflamed. (familydoctor.org)
  • Follow the path of food as it goes from your mouth to your stomach, and on through your intestines. (smashwords.com)
  • Peptic ulcers are any ulcers that affect both the stomach and small intestines. (healthline.com)
  • Scheme of digestive tract , with stomach in red. (wikipedia.org)
  • The stomach has a dilated structure and functions as a vital digestive organ. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the digestive system the stomach is involved in the second phase of digestion, following chewing . (wikipedia.org)
  • The cardia is the first part of the stomach in the digestive tract. (redorbit.com)
  • The stomach functions as a major part of the digestive system. (redorbit.com)
  • A feeling of tightness in a person's stomach is usually the result of digestive or hormonal issues. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In most cases, a tight stomach is caused by physical factors, such as digestive issues or hormonal changes. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The stomach is a hollow organ that liquefies food and is part of the digestive system . (medicinenet.com)
  • Research work by Chinese physiologists has shown, quite clearly, that acupuncture can reduce the acidity of the stomach and this may be one of the mechanisms by which acupuncture heals stomach ulcers and other digestive diseases. (healthy.net)
  • Morphological range of hyperplastic polyps and carcinomas arising in hyperplastic polyps of the stomach. (springer.com)
  • van der Post C.R.S., Carneiro F. (2017) Hyperplastic Polyps (Stomach). (springer.com)
  • Stomach polyps are abnormal tissue growths that form within the stomach. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Although they are usually harmless, some stomach polyps have the potential to become cancerous. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Researchers and doctors do not fully understand what causes stomach polyps or increases a person's risk of these growths. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Stomach polyps, or gastric polyps, are tissue growths that form inside a person's stomach. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • As a 2021 review explains, stomach polyps are more likely to form in the upper part of the stomach. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Most stomach polyps are less than 2 centimeters in size and are benign, meaning that they are not cancerous. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The same review also states that 2-6% of people who undergo an endoscopy have stomach polyps. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Research shows that of the stomach polyps that doctors detect during an endoscopy, 17-42% are GHPs, 37-77% are FGPs, and 0.5-1% are adenomatous polyps. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • These account for about 1-2% of the stomach polyps that doctors find during endoscopies. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The majority of stomach polyps are symptomless. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Scientists are uncertain what causes stomach polyps, and it is possible that different kinds of stomach polyps have different causes. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Experts are also uncertain about the risk factors for stomach polyps. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Researchers have noted that older adults could be more likely than younger people to develop stomach polyps. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Other risk factors for stomach polyps may exist. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Diagnosing stomach polyps can be difficult. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • As so many stomach polyps are symptomless, doctors detect more than 90% of them accidentally while performing an endoscopy for other reasons. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Additionally, stomach polyps are often small. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • If stomach polyps are asymptomatic and not cancerous, there may be no need for any form of treatment. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • As a 2016 article explains, doctors sometimes recommend the removal of larger stomach polyps that they consider likely to become cancerous. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • However, they might advise against removing smaller stomach polyps because this procedure can have unwanted side effects, such as bleeding. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Read more about treating stomach ulcers . (www.nhs.uk)
  • The stomach is the hollow organ that helps along digestion after mastication (chewing). (redorbit.com)
  • The stomach is an important and complex organ that breaks down the food that a person eats. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The stomach is a J-shaped organ in the upper abdomen. (medicinenet.com)
  • Stomach ulcers, also known as gastric ulcers, are open sores that develop on the lining of the stomach. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Stomach ulcers, which are also known as gastric ulcers, are painful sores in the stomach lining. (healthline.com)
  • Next, the corpus or body is the piece of the stomach that holds most food as the stomach works to break it down. (redorbit.com)
  • In birds, the stomach forms a thick-walled gizzard that is capable of grinding food. (infoplease.com)
  • The surface of the mucosa is honeycombed with over 35,000 gastric glands and is folded into numerous ridges that almost disappear when the stomach is distended with food. (infoplease.com)
  • Along with consuming too much food too late in the day, the type of food consumed can also lead to a sour stomach. (answers.com)
  • The root cause for sour stomach in some cases has nothing to do with the type or amount of food consumed. (answers.com)
  • Stomach flu often can be prevented by hand washing, not eating undercooked food or drinking contaminated water, and avoiding direct contact with individuals with the disease. (medicinenet.com)
  • If you have been on it and it is helping are you taking it with food or on an empty stomach. (drugs.com)
  • He could quite possibly just have a sensitive stomach and the food he has been eating has been upsetting His stomach lining. (medhelp.org)
  • so I will try the sensitive stomach food. (medhelp.org)
  • my stomach got shut ) when we lose appetite either because we are very worried, or in love, or perhaps because we find the food available distusting. (usingenglish.com)
  • How do I know I know it's stomach flu vs. food poisoning? (parenting.com)
  • State health officials said Friday they are investigating an outbreak of the stomach flu among attendees of a food festival at Fager's Island Restaurant in Ocean City. (delmarvanow.com)
  • With treatment, most stomach ulcers will heal within a month or two. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Stomach ulcers can come back after treatment, although this is less likely to happen if the underlying cause is addressed. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Treatment may include medicines to reduce stomach acids or antibiotics to kill H. pylori. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In China acupuncture is the treatment of choice for stomach ulcers, and ulcers certainly do heal after acupuncture. (healthy.net)
  • This article will provide detailed information on stomach muscle spasms, its causes and treatment. (buzzle.com)
  • Stomach ulcers may be easily cured, but they can become severe without proper treatment. (healthline.com)
  • But stomach ulcers aren't always painful and some people may experience other symptoms, such as indigestion , heartburn and feeling sick. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Someone who is constantly worried or fearful often find they experience a tightness in the stomach area that leads to indigestion no matter what or when they eat. (answers.com)
  • Sour stomach is more commonly known as indigestion. (drugs.com)
  • If you are experiencing the worst case of sour stomach, heartburn or indigestion it might be something more serious? (drugs.com)
  • The stomach flu (gastroenteritis) is a nonspecific term for various inflammatory problems in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. (medicinenet.com)
  • As many of you may already be aware, the Sacramento region and now Yolo County are encountering a gastrointestinal illness (GI) outbreak, more commonly known as the stomach flu. (constantcontact.com)
  • As soon as she has had a swim she always complains of stomach ache. (news24.com)
  • The problem with deciding what is best to do here is in knowing whether your bloating is in your abdomen as a whole, or just in your stomach. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • It is most likely to be in your abdomen as a whole and will give a feeling as though it is your stomach that is full. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Moreover, doctors cannot usually determine the type of stomach polyp by using endoscopy. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • My dad had an upper endoscopy done today and the doctor said he had some white spots in the stomach i just wanted to know what it could be and to be ready for whar come. (medhelp.org)
  • Peptic Ulcers (stomach ulcers) have different symptoms and causes, but only endoscopy or an x-ray can determine if you have one. (nih.gov)
  • from the smaller, more ventral, pyloric stomach that lies in the posterior part of the thorax. (britannica.com)
  • Is Zoloft known to cause stomach upset? (drugs.com)
  • I have a burning in the middle of my back, upset stomach I take gabapentin any suggestions? (drugs.com)
  • Gastroenteritis is a general term for the stomach virus or stomach flu. (familydoctor.org)
  • Children with the stomach flu or gastroenteritis have similar symptoms to adults, but also may have symptoms such as refusing to drink or being very thirsty. (medicinenet.com)
  • What is the stomach flu (gastroenteritis)? (medicinenet.com)
  • Gastroenteritis is often referred to as the 'stomach flu,' however, it is not related to the influenza virus. (medicinenet.com)
  • What are the signs and symptoms of stomach flu (gastroenteritis)? (medicinenet.com)
  • Read more about the causes of stomach ulcers . (www.nhs.uk)
  • Overeating, gas, and mild viral infections are some causes of stomach aches. (parents.com)
  • It sounds gross, but this amazing looking lamp, Ruminant Bloom, is made by artist Julia Lohmann out of preserved sheep stomachs. (makezine.com)
  • Any of the four compartments into which the stomach of a ruminant is divided. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • These form when some of the cells in a person's stomach develop in unusual but noncancerous ways. (medicalnewstoday.com)