The event that a FETUS is born dead or stillborn.
Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
Deaths occurring from the 28th week of GESTATION to the 28th day after birth in a given population.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.
Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.
Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.
The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.
CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
Medical problems associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR, such as BREECH PRESENTATION; PREMATURE OBSTETRIC LABOR; HEMORRHAGE; or others. These complications can affect the well-being of the mother, the FETUS, or both.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
Measurement of the dimensions and capacity of the pelvis. It includes cephalopelvimetry (measurement of fetal head size in relation to maternal pelvic capacity), a prognostic guide to the management of LABOR, OBSTETRIC associated with disproportion.
Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
Number of fetal deaths with stated or presumed gestation of 20 weeks or more in a given population. Late fetal mortality is death after of 28 weeks or more.
Radioactive substances which act as pollutants. They include chemicals whose radiation is released via radioactive waste, nuclear accidents, fallout from nuclear explosions, and the like.
Syphilis acquired in utero and manifested by any of several characteristic tooth (Hutchinson's teeth) or bone malformations and by active mucocutaneous syphilis at birth or shortly thereafter. Ocular and neurologic changes may also occur.
Respiratory failure in the newborn. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The care of women and a fetus or newborn given before, during, and after delivery from the 28th week of gestation through the 7th day after delivery.
The event that a FETUS is born alive with heartbeats or RESPIRATION regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE. Such liveborn is called a newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN).
Physical activity of the FETUS in utero. Gross or fine fetal body movement can be monitored by the mother, PALPATION, or ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Physiologic or biochemical monitoring of the fetus. It is usually done during LABOR, OBSTETRIC and may be performed in conjunction with the monitoring of uterine activity. It may also be performed prenatally as when the mother is undergoing surgery.
Pregnancy in which the mother and/or FETUS are at greater than normal risk of MORBIDITY or MORTALITY. Causes include inadequate PRENATAL CARE, previous obstetrical history (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS), pre-existing maternal disease, pregnancy-induced disease (GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION), and MULTIPLE PREGNANCY, as well as advanced maternal age above 35.
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
Coverage by contract whereby one part indemnifies or guarantees another against loss by a specified contingency.
Hormones produced by the placenta include CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN, and PLACENTAL LACTOGEN as well as steroids (ESTROGENS; PROGESTERONE), and neuropeptide hormones similar to those found in the hypothalamus (HYPOTHALAMIC HORMONES).
The failure of a FETUS to attain its expected FETAL GROWTH at any GESTATIONAL AGE.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
A condition in pregnant women with elevated systolic (>140 mm Hg) and diastolic (>90 mm Hg) blood pressure on at least two occasions 6 h apart. HYPERTENSION complicates 8-10% of all pregnancies, generally after 20 weeks of gestation. Gestational hypertension can be divided into several broad categories according to the complexity and associated symptoms, such as EDEMA; PROTEINURIA; SEIZURES; abnormalities in BLOOD COAGULATION and liver functions.
Tests to determine whether or not an individual is pregnant.
The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Onset of HYPERREFLEXIA; SEIZURES; or COMA in a previously diagnosed pre-eclamptic patient (PRE-ECLAMPSIA).
Methanes substituted with three halogen atoms, which may be the same or different.
Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.
Failure of the PLACENTA to deliver an adequate supply of nutrients and OXYGEN to the FETUS.
A term used to describe pregnancies that exceed the upper limit of a normal gestational period. In humans, a prolonged pregnancy is defined as one that extends beyond 42 weeks (294 days) after the first day of the last menstrual period (MENSTRUATION), or birth with gestational age of 41 weeks or more.
Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.
An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.
Official certifications by a physician recording the individual's birth date, place of birth, parentage and other required identifying data which are filed with the local registrar of vital statistics.
Congenital abnormalities caused by medicinal substances or drugs of abuse given to or taken by the mother, or to which she is inadvertently exposed during the manufacture of such substances. The concept excludes abnormalities resulting from exposure to non-medicinal chemicals in the environment.
Pathological processes or abnormal functions of the PLACENTA.
The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and parasitic diseases. The parasitic infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
Premature separation of the normally implanted PLACENTA from the UTERUS. Signs of varying degree of severity include UTERINE BLEEDING, uterine MUSCLE HYPERTONIA, and FETAL DISTRESS or FETAL DEATH.
Mechanical or anoxic trauma incurred by the infant during labor or delivery.
Refers to the whole process of grieving and mourning and is associated with a deep sense of loss and sadness.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
A general term encompassing three types of excision of the external female genitalia - Sunna, clitoridectomy, and infibulation. It is associated with severe health risks and has been declared illegal in many places, but continues to be widely practiced in a number of countries, particularly in Africa.
A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).
The practice of assisting women in childbirth.
Artificially induced UTERINE CONTRACTION. Generally, LABOR, OBSTETRIC is induced with the intent to cause delivery of the fetus and termination of pregnancy.
CHILDBIRTH at the end of a normal duration of PREGNANCY, between 37 to 40 weeks of gestation or about 280 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period.
The lengths of intervals between births to women in the population.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The condition of carrying two or more FETUSES simultaneously.
Official records of individual deaths including the cause of death certified by a physician, and any other required identifying information.
Care of infants in the home or institution.

Threshold-linear estimation of genetic parameters for farrowing mortality, litter size, and test performance of Large White sows. (1/412)

Up to 109,447 records of 49,656 Large White sows were used to evaluate the genetic relationship between number of pigs born dead (BD) and number born alive (BA) in first and later parities. Performance data (n = 30,832) for ultrasound backfat (BF) at the end of the test and days to reach 113.5 kg (AD) were used to estimate their relationships with BD and BA at first parity in a four-trait threshold-linear analysis (TL). Effects were year-farm, contemporary group (CG: farm-farrowing year-farrowing month) and animal additive genetic. At first parity, estimates of heritability were 0.09, 0.09, 0.37, and 0.31 for BA, BD, AD, and BF, respectively. The estimate of genetic correlation between BD and litter size was -0.04 (BD-BA). Corresponding values with test traits were both -0.14 (BD-AD, BD-BF). Estimates of genetic correlation between BA and performance traits were 0.08 (BA-AD) and 0.05 (BA-BF). The two test traits were moderately negatively correlated (-0.22). For later parities, a six-trait (BD, BA in three parities) TL model was implemented. The estimates of additive genetic variances and heritability increased with parity for BD and BA. Estimates of heritabilities were: 0.09, 0.10, and 0.11 for BD, and 0.09, 0.12, and 0.12 for BA in parities one to three, respectively. Estimates of genetic correlations between different parities were high (0.91 to 0.96) for BD, and slightly lower (0.74 to 0.95) for BA. Genetic correlations between BD and BA were low and positive (0.02 to 0.17) for BA in Parities 1 and 2, but negative (-0.04 to -0.10) for BA in Parity 3. Selection for increased litter size should have little effect on farrowing piglet mortality. Intense selection for faster growth and increased leanness should increase farrowing piglet mortality of first-parity sows. A repeatability model with a simple correction for the heterogeneity of variances over parities could be implemented to select against farrowing mortality. The genetic components of perinatal piglet mortality are independent of the ones for litter size in the first parity, and they show an undesirable, but not strong, genetic association in second parity.  (+info)

The placental RCAS1 expression during stillbirth. (2/412)

BACKGROUND: Independently of the fetal death cause the beginning and course of stillbirth is closely related with the growing cytotoxic activity at the maternal-fetal interface. RCAS1 participates in the inhibition of maternal immune response during pregnancy. The alterations of RCAS1 protein expression in placental cells seem to determine the beginning of the labor and participate in the placental abruption. The aim of the present study was to investigate RCAS1 expression in placentas obtained following stillbirths or normal term births. METHODS: RCAS1 expression was evaluated by Western blot method with the use of monoclonal anti-RCAS1 antibody in 67 placental tissue samples. Pregnant women were divided into four groups according to the mode of labor onset--spontaneous or induced, and the type of labor, stillbirth or labor at term. Placental beta-Actin expression was chosen as a control protein. Relative amounts of placental RCAS1 were compared with the use of Student's t-test, whereas beta-Actin control data were compared with the use of Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS: The average relative amount of RCAS1 was significantly lower in women with induced stillbirths than in women with induced labor at term. Similarly, significantly lower RCAS1 placental levels were observed in patients with spontaneous stillbirths than in women with spontaneous labor at term. Significant differences in RCAS1 expression were also observed with the respect to the beginning of the stillbirth: spontaneous and induced. Lowest RCAS1 placental levels were observed in women with spontaneous stillbirth. CONCLUSIONS: These preliminary results indicate that the alterations of RCAS1 expression in the human placenta may be involved in the changes of maternal immune system that take place during stillbirth.  (+info)

Minor physical anomalies are not increased in the offspring of mothers with systemic lupus erythematosus. (3/412)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and type of minor physical anomalies (MPAs) in infants born to mothers with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Each trimester, pregnant women with SLE were assessed for disease activity, prescribed drug use, and exposure to tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs through a self reported questionnaire. Infant examinations were performed on 30/39 (77%) live births in women with SLE and the incidence of MPAs determined. RESULTS: 2/30 (7%) patients had three or more MPAs; 4 (13%) had two; 7 (23%) had one; and 17 (57%) had none. One in three women reported alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use. Facial anomalies were the most common MPAs. The relative risk and 95% confidence interval for any MPA were 2.05 (0.99 to 4.26) for tobacco use; 1.95 (0.92 to 4.11) for alcohol use; 1.36 (0.165 to 11.23) for maternal disease flare; 0.63 (0.27 to 1.47) for prednisone use; and 0.72 (0.21 to 2.44) for aspirin use. CONCLUSION: 13/30 (43%) infants had minor anomalies-a similar incidence to that of the general population. Counselling for preventable self reported exposure is advisable in addition to counselling specifically for lupus management during pregnancy.  (+info)

Can all neonatal resuscitation be managed by nurse practitioners? (4/412)

AIM: To assess the ability of nurse practitioners to manage the care of all babies requiring resuscitation at birth in a unit without on site medical assistance. METHOD: A prospective review, and selective external audit, of the case records of all 14 572 babies born in a maternity unit in the north of England during the first eight years after nurse practitioners replaced resident paediatric staff in 1996. RESULTS: Every non-malformed baby with an audible heart beat at the start of delivery was successfully resuscitated. Twenty term babies and 41 preterm babies were intubated at birth. Eight term babies only responded after acidosis or hypovolaemia was corrected following umbilical vein catheterisation; in each case the catheter was in place within six minutes of birth. Early grade 2-3 neonatal encephalopathy occurred with much the same frequency (0.12%) as in other recent studies. Independent external cross validated review found no case of substandard care during the first hour of life. CONCLUSION: The practitioners successfully managed all the problems coming their way from the time of appointment. There was no evidence that their skill decreased over time even though, on average, they only found themselves undertaking laryngeal intubation once a year. It remains to be shown that this level of competence can be replicated in other settings.  (+info)

The distribution of apolipoprotein E alleles in Scottish perinatal deaths. (5/412)

BACKGROUND: The apolipoprotein E (ApoE) polymorphism has been well studied in the adult human population, in part because the e4 allele is a known risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. Little is known of the distribution of ApoE alleles in newborns, and their association with perinatal brain damage has not been investigated. METHODS: ApoE genotyping was undertaken in a Scottish cohort of perinatal deaths (n = 261), some of whom had prenatal brain damage. The distribution of ApoE alleles in perinatal deaths was compared with that in healthy liveborn infants and in adults in Scotland. RESULTS: ApoE e2 was over-represented in 251 perinatal deaths (13% v 8% in healthy newborns, odds ratio (OR) = 1.63, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.13 to 2.36 and 13% v 8% in adults, OR = 1.67, 95% CI 1.16 to 2.41), both in liveborn and stillborn perinatal deaths. In contrast, the prevalence of ApoE e4 was raised in healthy liveborn infants (19%) compared with stillbirths (13%, OR = 1.59, 95% CI 1.11 to 2.26) and with adults (15%, OR = 1.35, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.76). However, no correlation was found between ApoE genotype and the presence or absence of perinatal brain damage. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows a shift in ApoE allelic distribution in early life compared with adults. The raised prevalence of ApoE e2 associated with perinatal death suggests that this allele is detrimental to pregnancy outcome, whereas ApoE e4 may be less so. However, ApoE genotype did not appear to influence the vulnerability for perinatal hypoxic/ischaemic brain damage, in agreement with findings in adult brains and in animal models.  (+info)

Uterine artery Doppler at 11-14 weeks of gestation to screen for hypertensive disorders and associated complications in an unselected population. (6/412)

OBJECTIVES: To establish reference values for the first-trimester uterine artery (UtA) pulsatility index (PI) and to investigate the role of UtA Doppler in the early prediction of hypertensive disorders and their associated complications in an unselected Mediterranean population. METHODS: A prospective study including 1091 consecutive singleton pregnancies undergoing routine early ultrasound screening at 11-14 weeks of gestation was performed. The left and right UtA were examined by color and pulsed Doppler transvaginally. The mean PI and the presence of bilateral protodiastolic notching were cross-sectionally recorded. Reference ranges were calculated and the pregnancies were followed for occurrence of pre-eclampsia, gestational hypertension, intrauterine growth restriction, placental abruption and stillbirth. The sensitivity and predictive values of a mean UtA-PI>95th percentile and the presence of bilateral notching in the prediction of these pregnancy complications were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 999 women were finally included. Both the mean UtA-PI and the prevalence of bilateral notches showed a significant linear decrease between 11 and 14 weeks' gestation. Sixty-seven (6.7%) pregnancies developed at least one of the formerly described complications, including 22 (2.2%) cases of pre-eclampsia and 37 (3.7%) cases with intrauterine growth restriction. Compared with women with a normal outcome, complicated pregnancies showed a significantly higher mean PI (2.04 vs. 1.75; P<0.05, t-test) and a higher prevalence of bilateral notching (58% vs. 41%; P<0.05, Chi-square test). Using the 95th percentile in mean UtA-PI as a cut-off, 23.9% (95% CI, 13.7-34.1) of complicated pregnancies and 30.8% (95% CI, 5.68-55.85) of severe cases were identified. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that pregnancies with an increased risk of developing hypertensive disorders and related complications already have an abnormally increased UtA-PI in early pregnancy. However, the use of a single uterine Doppler measurement for screening purposes in unselected early pregnancy populations has limited clinical value. The use of UtA-PI combined with other screening tests needs to be determined by further investigation.  (+info)

Validity of maternal and perinatal risk factors reported on fetal death certificates. (7/412)

We sought to estimate the accuracy, relative to maternal medical records, of perinatal risk factors recorded on fetal death certificates. We conducted a validation study of fetal death certificates among women who experienced fetal deaths between 1996 and 2001. The number of previous births, established diabetes, chronic hypertension, maternal fever, performance of autopsy, anencephaly, and Down syndrome had very high accuracy, while placental cord conditions and other chromosomal abnormalities were reported inaccurately. Additional population-based studies are needed to identify strategies to improve fetal death certificate data.  (+info)

Coffee and fetal death: a cohort study with prospective data. (8/412)

The authors conducted a cohort study within the Danish National Birth Cohort to determine whether coffee consumption during pregnancy is associated with late fetal death (spontaneous abortion and stillbirth). A total of 88,482 pregnant women recruited from March 1996 to November 2002 participated in a comprehensive interview on coffee consumption and potentially confounding factors in pregnancy. Information on pregnancy outcome was obtained from the National Hospital Discharge Register and medical records. The authors detected 1,102 fetal deaths. High levels of coffee consumption were associated with an increased risk of fetal death. Relative to nonconsumers of coffee, the adjusted hazard ratios for fetal death associated with coffee consumption of 1/2-3, 4-7, and > or =8 cups of coffee per day were 1.03 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.89, 1.19), 1.33 (95% CI: 1.08, 1.63), and 1.59 (95% CI: 1.19, 2.13), respectively. Reverse causation due to unrecognized fetal demise may explain the association between coffee intake and risk of fetal death prior to 20 completed weeks' gestation but not the association with fetal loss following 20 completed weeks' gestation. Consumption of coffee during pregnancy was associated with a higher risk of fetal death, especially losses occurring after 20 completed weeks of gestation.  (+info)

Introduction: Consanguineous marriage is associated with increased risks for congenital anomalies, low birthweight, and other adverse perinatal outcomes. In this population-based, case-control study we investigated the association between consanguineous marriage (first-cousin marriage) and stillbirth risk, using prospectively collected information from prepregnancy visits.. Material and methods: From 2007 to 2009, we identified 283 stillbirths (cases) and 2088 randomly selected live control births through prepregnancy visits in rural Golestan, Iran. The associations between consanguinity and prepregnancy maternal characteristics and stillbirth risk were examined using multivariate logistic regression.. Results: The rate of consanguineous marriage was 19.4% among cases and 13.6% among controls. Consanguinity was associated with increased stillbirth risk [ odds ratio (OR) 1.53; 95% CI 1.10-2.14]. The association was significantly increased for preterm stillbirth (, 37 gestational weeks) (OR 2.43; ...
There are an estimated 2.6 million stillbirths each year [1]. This significant loss of life is frequently unrecognized and hidden from view due to the stigma associated with stillbirth in many countries [2]. Consequently, stillbirth does not receive the prominence it needs in order to influence international policy [3]. Earlier this year these issues were presented in the Ending Preventable Stillbirths Series in the Lancet [1-5]. This outlined ongoing challenges preventing stillbirths from being addressed. This series of papers in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth develops the work presented in the Ending Preventable Stillbirths Series. These papers are a cogent reminder of the impact of stillbirth and provide considerations for how this might be addressed.. Firstly, they remind us that stillbirth is a global issue; 98% of stillbirths occur in low and middle income countries (LMICs) [1]. Despite this knowledge, challenges remain in data collection which prevent understanding of the number of ...
A DROP in stillbirth rates in the UK has given experts hope that a reduction in stillbirths can occur in Australia and New Zealand. Stillbirth rates in the UK have dropped for the first time since 2000 - from 5.7 per 1000 births in 2002-2004, to 5.2 per 1000 births in 2007. However, a lack of improvement in Australias stillbirth rates in 20 years is of grave concern, International Stillbirth Alliance (ISA) chair Vicki Flenady said in a statement on Saturday. ... In one third of those deaths, stillbirths occur unexpectedly in what is an otherwise healthy mother and baby and no cause of death is determined. ...
This study aimed to find out what the general public know about the risk factors associated with stillbirth and whether stillbirth can be prevented. Many stillbirth risk factors can be identified and when they are, healthcare professionals can monitor pregnancy and hopefully reduce the possibility of a baby dying before birth. A sample of 999 people from the Irish population was surveyed by a professional telephone polling company for this study.. The results of this study found that most people did not know how common stillbirth was and also believed that only a minority could be prevented. Most people were not able to identify any risk factors that can lead to stillbirth. Most people knew someone who had had a stillbirth and likewise most people believed that all stillbirths should be investigated to find a cause.. It is possible that some people do not know the difference between stillbirth and miscarriage and this question was not asked in this study. Six people did not complete the ...
STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim of the study was to investigate factors in stillbirth mortality in Italy. DESIGN--Italian stillbirth data from 1955 to 1979 were analysed using a log-linear Poisson model with arbitrary constraints on the parameters to identify the effects of maternal birth cohort, calendar period of stillbirth and maternal age. SETTING--Stillbirth data for the whole of Italy were obtained from the Italian Central Institute of Statistics for the years under examination. During this period the criteria for defining stillbirth did not change and the quality of birth registration was similar. MAIN RESULTS--Decreases in stillbirth mortality were marked and steady, starting for the generations born since 1920. A period effect in stillbirth trends was shown, but this was apparently smaller than the cohort trend. CONCLUSIONS--The cohort trend suggests that long term improvements in socioeconomic and general health conditions may be important factors in the diminishing stillbirth rates, as well ...
THURSDAY, Nov. 27 (HealthDayNews) - A mother whose first baby is delivered by cesarean section may have an increased risk of unexplained stillbirth in her second pregnancy, says a Scottish study in the Nov. 29 issue of the journal The Lancet.. In women with one previous cesarean delivery, the risk of unexplained stillbirth when the fetus was at least 39 weeks old was about double the risk of stillbirth or neonatal death from uterine rupture, the study says. ...
Despite the unprecedented improvement in child health in last 15 years, burden of stillbirth and neonatal death remain the key challenge in Nepal and the reduction of these deaths will be crucial for reaching the health targets for Sustainable development goal by 2030.. The aim of this thesis was to explore the risk factors for stillbirth and neonatal death and change in perinatal outcomes after the introduction of the Helping Babies Breathe Quality Improvement Cycle (HBB QIC) in Nepal.. This was a prospective cohort study with a nested case-control design completed in a tertiary hospital in Nepal. Information were collected from the women who had experienced perinatal death and live birth among referent population; a video recording was done in the neonatal resuscitation corner to collect information on the health workers performance in neonatal resuscitation. Lack of antenatal care had the highest association with antepartum stillbirth (aOR 4.2, 95% CI 3.2-5.4), births that had inadequate ...
Women who sleep on their backs in the later months of pregnancy may have a relatively higher risk of stillbirth if they already have other risk factors, a new study suggests.. Experts stressed that the findings do not prove that sleep position itself affects stillbirth risk.. We should be cautious in interpreting the results, said Dr. George Saade, director of maternal-fetal medicine at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston. We cant conclude that sleeping on the back causes stillbirth, or that sleeping on your side will prevent it, said Saade, who was not involved in the study.. It is, however, plausible that back-sleeping could contribute, Saade said. Lying on the back can exacerbate sleep apnea, where breathing repeatedly stops and starts throughout the night, and if a fetus is already vulnerable, that reduced oxygen flow could conceivably boost the odds of stillbirth, he explained.. Dr. Adrienne Gordon, the lead researcher on the study, agreed that if sleep position ...
Suboptimal glycemic control before and in early pregnancy is known to be associated with high rates of congenital malformations and spontaneous abortions (12-14), and strict glycemic control before and throughout pregnancy seems to improve fetal outcome (15-17). In accordance with this, the glycemic control did not improve during pregnancy in the stillbirth group in contrast to the reference group resulting in markedly higher HbA1c values in late pregnancy. Furthermore the malformation rate was high. Overall suboptimal glycemic control during pregnancy was present in 67% of the pregnancies resulting in stillbirth. Suboptimal glycemic control during pregnancy (HbA1c , 7.5%) was the only medical finding in 36% of the stillbirths. This is in accordance with the study of Hanson et al. (18) who found a poor glycemic control as the only explanation in 5 of 10 cases of stillbirth in women with type 1 diabetes. Glycemic control in both early and late pregnancy was poorer in the stillbirth group when ...
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
Today we report on some sad facts about stillborn births,(Stillbirth). At Cheeky Chums we emphasise the importance of getting antenatal care during pregnancy.Its important to take onboard advice from health professionals such as no smoking in pregnancy.. There are also risk factors which can increase the risk of stillbirth. Smoking and drinking during pregnancy can increase susceptibility, as can being overweight or obese, or having children later in life.Recent recearchers suggest social deprivation can also play a part in stillborn babies being born.. The following extract is taken from BBC news today Almost three million stillbirths happen worldwide every year, which, even for a country with a developed health system such as the UK, means that 11 sets of parents every day will take home their newborn baby in a coffin. An estimated 29% are caused by problems with the placenta, which can affect the growth of the foetus. Some 12% are linked with infections, 9% with umbilical cord problems and ...
Stillbirth is associated with increased psychological morbidity in the subsequent pregnancy and puerperium. This study aimed to assess longer-term psychological and social outcomes of stillbirth and to identify factors associated with adverse outcome. We conducted seven-year follow-up of a cohort of women who were initially assessed during and after a pregnancy subsequent to stillbirth, together with pair-matched controls. All women were living with a partner at baseline and none had live children. Measured outcomes at follow-up included depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and partnership breakdown. Comparison variables included social and psychological factors and, for the stillbirth group, factors relating to the lost pregnancy. There were no differences between groups in case level psychological morbidity, but significantly higher levels of PTSD symptoms persisted in stillbirth group mothers who had case level PTSD 7 years earlier. Stillbirth group mothers were more likely to ...
Results During the 2 years study period, there were 6326 deliveries and there were 23 stillbirths (3.63 per 1 000). Most stillbirths occurred during uncomplicated pregnancies (16 out of 23 (70%)). For the remaining 7 stillbirths, 3 out of 7 stillbirths (43%) were small-for-gestational age but growth restriction was only suspected in 1 stillbirth (14%), 1 out of 7 was due to severe impacted head at delivery and 3 out of 7 were due to organisational factors, staffing shortages and delays in interpretations of CTG, resulting in late decisions in delivery. Overall 6 out of 23 (26%) stillbirths were due to substandard care.. ...
Consequences of exposure to household air pollution (HAP) from biomass fuels used for cooking on neonatal deaths and stillbirths is poorly understood. In a large multi-country observational study, we examined whether exposure to HAP was associated with perinatal mortality (stillbirths from gestation week 20 and deaths through day 7 of life) as well as when the deaths occurred (macerated, non-macerated stillbirths, very early neonatal mortality (day 0-2) and later neonatal mortality (day 3-28). Questions addressing household fuel use were asked at pregnancy, delivery, and neonatal follow-up visits in a prospective cohort study of pregnant women in rural communities in five low and lower middle income countries participating in the Global Network for Women and Childrens Healths Maternal and Newborn Health Registry. The study was conducted between May 2011 and October 2012. Polluting fuels included kerosene, charcoal, coal, wood, straw, crop waste and dung. Clean fuels included electricity, liquefied
Consequences of exposure to household air pollution (HAP) from biomass fuels used for cooking on neonatal deaths and stillbirths is poorly understood. In a large multi-country observational study, we examined whether exposure to HAP was associated with perinatal mortality (stillbirths from gestation week 20 and deaths through day 7 of life) as well as when the deaths occurred (macerated, non-macerated stillbirths, very early neonatal mortality (day 0-2) and later neonatal mortality (day 3-28). Questions addressing household fuel use were asked at pregnancy, delivery, and neonatal follow-up visits in a prospective cohort study of pregnant women in rural communities in five low and lower middle income countries participating in the Global Network for Women and Childrens Healths Maternal and Newborn Health Registry. The study was conducted between May 2011 and October 2012. Polluting fuels included kerosene, charcoal, coal, wood, straw, crop waste and dung. Clean fuels included electricity, liquefied
Scientists have claimed that many of the estimated three million stillbirths which occur each year around the world are "avoidable".
OBJECTIVE: To assess the main risk factors associated with stillbirth in a multiethnic English maternity population. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: National Health Service region in England. POPULATION: 92,218 normally formed singletons including 389 stillbirths from 24 weeks of gestation, delivered during 2009-11. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Risk of stillbirth. RESULTS: Multivariable analysis identified a significant risk of stillbirth for parity (para 0 and para ≥ 3), ethnicity (African, African-Caribbean, Indian, and Pakistani), maternal obesity (body mass index ≥ 30), smoking, pre-existing diabetes, and history of mental health problems, antepartum haemorrhage, and fetal growth restriction (birth weight below 10th customised birthweight centile). As potentially modifiable risk factors, maternal obesity, smoking in pregnancy, and fetal growth restriction together accounted for 56.1% of the stillbirths. Presence of fetal growth restriction constituted the highest risk, and this applied to ...
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The high incidence of stillbirth in Swedish Holstein heifers has increased continuously during the last 15 years to an average of 11% today. The pathological reasons behind the increased incidence of stillbirth are unknown. The present experiment was undertaken to investigate possible causes of stillbirth and to study possible physiological markers for predicting stillbirth. Twenty Swedish Holstein dairy heifers sired by bulls with breeding values for a high risk of stillbirth (n = 12) (experimental group) and a low risk of stillbirth (n = 8) (control group, group B) were selected based on information in the Swedish AI-data base. The experimental group consisted of 2 subgroups of heifers (groups A1 and A2) inseminated with 2 different bulls with 3.5% and 9% higher stillbirth rates than the average, and the control group consisted of heifers pregnant with 5 different bulls with 0%-6% lower stillbirth rates than the average. The bull used for group A1 had also calving difficulties due to large calves as
Stillbirth measures provide means to assess adequacy of maternal and perinatal care in a given population. The aim of this study was to describe the determinants of stillbirth in Douala general hospital, Cameroon. Determinants of stillbirth in this hospital are: maternal age ≥35 years (OR 1.79, 95% CI 1.26-2.54, p = 0.001), pre-eclampsia/eclampsia (OR 2.97, 95% CI 0.87-8.89, p value of 0.03), diabetes in pregnancy (OR 9.97, 95% CI 1.15-86.86, p = 0.03), stillbirth in previous pregnancies (OR 3.94, CI 2.02-7.7, p | 0.0001), inter-pregnancy interval |2 years (OR 2, 06 CI 1.22-3.49; p = 0,006), referral from another hospital (OR 14.16, 95% CI 7.08-28.3, p | 0.0001), gestational age |37 (OR 19.9, 95% CI 12.3-32.2, p | 0.0001) and |42 (OR 6.27, 95% CI = 0.86-45.2, p = 0.096), congenital malformation (OR 11.09, 95% CI 3.2-38,5, p | 0.0001) and birth weight |2500 g (p | 0.0001).
Health secretary Jeremy Hunt says the NHS must do more to learn from stillbirths in order to ensure no parents have to bear the tragic death or life-changing injury of a baby.. The statement follows the announcement of a new maternity strategy from the government aimed at reducing the 80% of preventable stillbirths in the UK.. Although full-term stillbirths will be investigated by coroners, families who suffer stillbirth or life-changing injuries to their babies will be offered an independent investigation to find out what went wrong and why.. The research will be referred to the newly formed Health Safety Investigations Branch (HSIB), which will standardise cases in an effort to understand these tragedies.. Hunt explained the decision: The tragic death or life-changing injury of a baby is something no parent should have to bear, but one thing that can help in these agonising circumstances is getting honest answers quickly from an independent investigator. Too many families have been denied ...
Genetic researchers have made an important step towards resolving the mystery of the causes of intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD), or stillbirth, where a baby dies in the womb after the 14th week of gestation. IUFD is responsible ...
Background Globally, at least 2. association between those risk antepartum and elements stillbirth. Outcomes Through the scholarly research period, 4567 ladies who shipped at a healthcare facility had been enrolled as referents, which 62 got antepartum stillbirths and had been re-categorized in to the case human population. In total, there were 307 antepartum stillbirths. An association was found between the following risk factors and antepartum stillbirth: increasing maternal age (aOR 1.0, 95?% CI 1.0C1.1), less than five years of maternal education (aOR 2.4, 95?% CI 1.7C3.2), increasing parity (aOR 1.2, 95?% CI 1.0C1.3), previous stillbirth (aOR 2.6, 95?% CI 1.6C4.4), no antenatal care attendance (aOR 4.2, 95?% CI 3.2C5.4), belonging to the poorest family members (aOR 1.3, 95?% CI 1.0C1.8), antepartum hemorrhage (aOR 3.7, 95?% CI 2.4C5.7), maternal hypertensive disorder during being pregnant (aOR 2.1, 95?% CI 1.5C3.1), and little weight-for-gestational age infants (aOR 1.5, 95?% CI 1.2C2.0). ...
Reuters) - Women who do not sleep on their left side on their last night of pregnancy have double the risk of late stillbirth compared with women who do sleep on their left side, according to a study from New Zealand ...
Risk of stillbirth associated with factors known early in pregnancy. Largest, most comprehensive study finds previous stillbirth, prior pregnancy history strongest indicators of stillbirth risk; lifestyle choices also play a role. GALVESTON, Texas - Stillbirth is associated with a range of health and socio-demographic factors identifiable before or at the start of pregnancy, including prior pregnancy outcomes, ethnicity and modifiable health factors, such as diabetes, obesity and smoking. These findings are the result of the largest population-based stillbirth study and are reported in the December 14 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.. The multi-site study is among the initial publications by the NIH-funded Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network, of which the University of Texas Medical Branch is a member. In the United States, stillbirths account for almost half of the deaths from 20 weeks gestation to one year of life and occur in approximately one out of every 160 ...
ObjectiveThe purpose of this study was to determine stillbirth risk factors and gestational age at delivery in a prospective developing country birth cohort.Study DesignAt 20-26 weeks of gestation, 1369 Pakistani women were prospectively enrolled in the study; the gestational age was determined by ultrasound evaluation, and risk factors and pregnancy outcomes were assessed.ResultsThe stillbirth rate was 33.6 of 1000 births, despite the fact that 96% of the women received prenatal care, 83% of the women were attended by sk
in Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica (2004), 45(1-2), 47-68. The high incidence of stillbirth in Swedish Holstein heifers has increased continuously during the last 15 years to an average of 11% today. The pathological reasons behind the increased incidence of ... [more ▼]. The high incidence of stillbirth in Swedish Holstein heifers has increased continuously during the last 15 years to an average of 11% today. The pathological reasons behind the increased incidence of stillbirth are unknown. The present experiment was undertaken to investigate possible causes of stillbirth and to study possible physiological markers for predicting stillbirth. Twenty Swedish Holstein dairy heifers sired by bulls with breeding values for a high risk of stillbirth (n = 12) (experimental group) and a low risk of stillbirth (n = 8) (control group, group B) were selected based on information in the Swedish A1-data base. The experimental group consisted of 2 subgroups of heifers (groups A1 and A2) inseminated with 2 ...
OBJECTIVES: To analyse quantitative and qualitative data, to describe the experience of parents in relation to post-mortem following stillbirth, looking at offer and uptake of post-mortem, information-giving, the type of post-mortem carried out, receiving the results and any sociodemographic differences in care practices in relation to post-mortem. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a postal survey which included both open and closed questions allowing for a mixed methods study design. POPULATION: Random sample of women who experienced a stillbirth in 2013. METHODS: A sample of women who experienced a stillbirth in 2013 were selected by staff at the Office for National Statistics and sent a letter and information leaflet about the study followed by a postal questionnaire. The questionnaire included questions about pregnancy, labour and birth, the postnatal period, the time at which the baby died, and also asked about the post-mortem process. RESULTS: Completed questionnaires were received from 477 women.
Results Stillbirth was identified as one of the most difficult experiences for most consultants. Most consultants described it as amongst the most devastating news. Two felt stillbirth was not the worst outcome. The human response and the weight of responsibility were the dominant personal and professional themes. All felt that bereaved parents should receive direct care from a consultant. The possibility of a medico-legal challenge was a significant factor-mostly for those who are primarily gynaecologists resulting in the question what have I missed?. The personal impact of stillbirth is considerable: most participants were emotional during interview.. ...
Using tobacco, cannabis or illicit drugs during pregnancy increases the risk of stillbirths, according to a recent study published in the journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Exposure to second-hand smoke during pregnancy also increases the risk.
Press release for the launch of the Midlands and North of England Stillbirth Study (MiNESS) research and the Sleep On Side campaign.
Stillbirths are among the most common pregnancy-related adverse outcomes but are more common in low-income and middle-income countries than in high-income countries. In high-income countries, most stillbirths occur early in the preterm period, whereas in low-income and middle-income countries, most occur in term or in late preterm births.
Stillbirths at Term: Case Control Study of Risk Factors, Growth Status and Placental Histology. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
This legislative measure is a huge step in stillbirth and kick counting awareness. We do know approximately 30% of stillbirths are caused by umbilical cord accidents (uca). In passing this very important piece of legislation according to Rep. Green, It allows women to have ownership in their own healthcare by being informed about this potential risk. As we always stress to parents to be and healthcare professionals, it is all about becoming informed and being your babys, en utero advocate ...
Stillbirth is the term used when a baby is born dead after 24 complete weeks of pregnancy. Find out more about what causes stillbirth at Emmas Diary
The United Kingdom has one of the highest rates of stillbirth in the developed world.1 More than 4000 infants were stillborn in the UK in 2009 (out of about three million worldwide), and 1200 of these stillbirths occurred at or after 37 weeks gestational age.2 In high income countries, there are 10 times more stillbirths than deaths from sudden infant death syndrome-the subject of a major campaign.3 Stillbirth affects four times more babies than Downs syndrome. A sophisticated screening programme is recommended and widely offered for Downs syndrome, yet screening for stillbirth in the general population is confined to measurement of the external size of the uterus with a tape measure at each visit, according to the current National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence Antenatal Care guideline.4 Any simple intervention that reduces the risk of stillbirth would be extremely welcome. Could the linked study (doi:10.1136/bmj.d3403), in which Stacey and colleagues found an association ...
div class=rpuEmbedCode,. ,!--rpuEmbedStart--,. ,script src= type=text/javascript data-cfasync=false,,/script,. ,div class=rpuArticle rpuRepost-9f13e005ad283c007c44a7313a4be953-top style=margin:0;padding:0;,. ,a href= class=rpuThumb rel=norewrite,,img src= style=float:left;margin-right:10px; /,,/a,. ,a href= class=rpuTitle rel=norewrite,,strong,Mysterious Stillbirths May Be Effect Of Genetic Heart Disease,/strong,,/a, (via ,a href= class=rpuHost rel=norewrite,redOrbit,/a,). ,p class=rpuSnip,. Genetic researchers have made an important step towards resolving the mystery of the causes of intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD), or stillbirth, where a baby dies in the womb after the 14th week of gestation. IUFD is responsible for 60% of perinatal mortality and occurs in about one in every two hundred…. ,/p,. ,/div,. ,!-- put the ...
This first paper of the Lancet Series on ending preventable stillbirths reviews progress in essential areas, identified in the 2011 call to action for stillbirth prevention, to inform the integrated post-2015 agenda for maternal and newborn health. Worldwide attention to babies who die in stillbirth is rapidly increasing, from integration within the new Global Strategy for Womens, Childrens and Adolescents Health, to country policies inspired by the Every Newborn Action Plan. Supportive new guidance and metrics including stillbirth as a core health indicator and measure of quality of care are emerging. Prenatal health is a crucial biological foundation to life-long health. A key priority is to integrate action for prenatal health within the continuum of care for maternal and newborn health. Still, specific actions for stillbirths are needed for advocacy, policy formulation, monitoring, and research, including improvement in the dearth of data for effective coverage of proven interventions for ...
Childbirth (Delivery) - Stillbirth is a devastating pregnancy loss and occurs due to natural causes when fetus dies in the uterus either during labour or delivery. Lets try and understand the causes of stillbirth.
Planned induction baby stillbirth struggling to find clothes to fit baby? This blog post contains sensitive news about baby stillbirth if it may offend please press your back button now thankyou. In Early pregnancies that end with a planned induction because baby has passed away in the womb, babies tiny do not usually have anything that mum has bought her …Continue reading →. ...
Stillbirth in children - What are the tests for stillbirth? Ultrasound. An ultrasound of the pregnancy is the most definitive. Lack of fetal cardiac activity confirms the diagnosis.
CALL FOR HOUSE CO-SPONSORS! All MISS members must contact their U.S. House of Representative requesting their co-sponsorship of H.R. 1037 - the Stillbirth Research and Awareness Act of 2011. Please call your Congresspersons office and ask for the staff member who deals with Health issues. Tell the staff member that you want your Congressperson to…
in Proceedings of the 6th European Congress of Bovine Health and Management (ECBHM) (2011, September 07). During the last decades, there is a declining trend in conception and calving rates in high yielding Holstein dairy cattle. At the same time, the gradual increase in stillbirth rates, especially in ... [more ▼]. During the last decades, there is a declining trend in conception and calving rates in high yielding Holstein dairy cattle. At the same time, the gradual increase in stillbirth rates, especially in Holstein heifers, has until recently received relatively little attention. Birth weight and gender of the calf, parity, age and breed of the dam, and season of calving are all factors associated with calving difficulties and stillbirths. Other causes of stillbirths not related to calving difficulties are, for example, herd size, infections (e.g. BVD), insufficient placenta development and/or function, metabolic disorders of the cow, and congenital malformations of the calf. The objective ...
The summer 2017 issue of NCT Perspective focuses on stillbirth and other unexpected outcomes, such as birth trauma. Read the full issue online.
In 2014, the World Health Organization announced the results of its first global report on antimicrobial resistance, including antibiotic resistance. They say that antibiotic resistance is happening right now in every region of the world.
This is Digital Version of (Ebook) 978-0387979496 Global Report on Student Well-Being: Volume IV: Religion, Education, Recreat Product Will Be Deliver
A new study shows that women undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF) are four times more likely to have a stillborn baby.
Buy Recursive Models of Dynamic Linear Economies by Lars Peter Hansen (9780691042770) from Boomerang Books, Australias Online Independent Bookstore
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Ive had moments in my life where it seemed as if God made his voice just a little bit louder (or my heart just a little bit quieter) and I knew without a doubt hed put something in my heart to do. I love it when it happens because when the doubts assail and the letdowns and failures follow, my heart is resolved to stay the course. Though I often have to remind myself that this is something the Lord has given me to do.. Oftentimes when failures or setbacks come, we question ourselves. Surely the Lord didnt ask me to do this? Surely I was mistaken. Surely if this was his will it would be easier than it is. Surely the Lord would not put in my heart something to do knowing that difficulties and failures await? Surely.. There are so many verses that speak to this that its hard to choose just one but the story that immediately came to mind as I thought about this was when Paul was determined to return to Jerusalem. This is what he says:. And now, behold, I am going to Jerusalem, constrained by ...
  • Stillbirth is typically defined as fetal death at or after 20 to 28 weeks of pregnancy . (
  • Stillbirth is typically defined as fetal death at or after 20 or 28 weeks of pregnancy, depending on the source. (
  • The researchers defined stillbirth as a fetal death at more than 20 weeks gestation or a weight at time of death of at least 14 ounces (400 grams), according to the study. (
  • An early stillbirth is a fetal death occurring between 20 and 27 weeks of pregnancy. (
  • A late stillbirth is a fetal death occurring between 28 and 36 weeks. (
  • A term stillbirth is a fetal death occurring at 37 or more weeks. (
  • Beginning in 1959, "the definition of a stillbirth was revised to conform, in substance, to the definition of fetal death recommended by the World Health Organization . (
  • Thirty-eight studies (44 publications) were included in the dose-response analysis of BMI and fetal death, stillbirth, neonatal death, perinatal death, or infant death or subtypes of these outcomes. (
  • In sheer numbers, that means there were 11,260 stillbirths last year in the U.S., if you use the World Health Organization's definition: fetal death after 28 weeks of pregnancy. (
  • The Network is tasked with determining the extent and causes of stillbirth-fetal death at 20 or more weeks gestation. (
  • The term stillbirth is used when fetal death occurs after twenty weeks of pregnancy. (
  • In a study to be presented today at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's (SMFM) annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting ™, in Chicago, researchers will unveil findings that show that there is an increased risk of intrauterine fetal death (IUFD), commonly known as stillbirth, in women who have fibroids. (
  • Objective To develop and test a new classification system for stillbirths to help improve understanding of the main causes and conditions associated with fetal death. (
  • Stillbirth refers to fetal death that occurs after 20 weeks of pregnancy (during or after the second trimester) - miscarriage is fetal death before those first 20 weeks. (
  • Kari was shocked to find out how common stillbirth is-about 24,000 babies are stillborn in the United States each year. (
  • Eleven babies are stillborn every day in the UK, making stillbirth 15 times more common than cot death . (
  • About ten per cent of stillborn babies have some kind of congenital abnormality and a much smaller percentage of stillbirths are caused by problems with the mother's health, for example pre-eclampsia , or other problems including cord accidents and infections. (
  • Stillborn (stillbirth) means the death of a baby prior to birth. (
  • New funding to help prevent stillbirths Jump to media player Every day in the UK 11 babies are stillborn - and research shows we still lag behind other wealthy countries when it comes to tackling the issue. (
  • In this study, of all registered liveborn and stillborn infants in Ontario, extreme underweight and overweight states confer the highest risk of stillbirth," said a St. Michael's statement quoting study co-authors Joel Ray and Marcelo Urquia. (
  • And while the exact cause of stillbirth is as yet unknown, there are certain risk factors that may contribute to a pregnant woman's risk of having a stillborn child. (
  • Interestingly, both stillbirth and CP share traditional as well as emerging risk factors lending credence to the hypothesis that fetuses that would previously have been stillborn are increasingly surviving albeit with some form of morbidity. (
  • Parents who have had a stillborn baby are more likely to have another stillbirth than parents who have not had a stillborn baby before. (
  • Understanding the cause of a stillbirth is important to parents yet little is known how to help parents make difficult decisions about whether to have investigations carried out on their stillborn infant to help provide such information. (
  • Incidence of stillbirth - defined as a birth with an Apgar score of zero at 1 and 5 minutes after birth along with stillborn status recorded by a clinician - was determined using data from the Midwives Notification System, as were maternal characteristics such as age, pre-existing medical conditions or pregnancy complications. (
  • Around two thirds of stillbirths are linked to placental complications. (
  • Can complications during labor and delivery cause stillbirth? (
  • Yes, some complications during labor and delivery can increase the risk of stillbirth. (
  • On a global scale, the most common causes of stillbirth are complications during childbirth, infections like syphilis during pregnancy, health problems like high blood pressure or diabetes, fetal growth restriction - in which babies fail to grow at the proper rate - and birth defects. (
  • About half of all stillbirths are linked to complications with the placenta. (
  • Obstetric cholestasis can be associated with serious complications, including stillbirth, premature birth and fetal distress. (
  • Cheang and Phal, in a joint email, said "the five main causes of stillbirth are childbirth complications, maternal infections in pregnancy, maternal disorders (especially hypertension and diabetes), foetal growth restriction and congenital abnormalities", adding that two-thirds occur in rural areas where skilled personnel and equipment is lacking. (
  • Cincinnati Children's Hospital researchers think they may have found a way to help prevent pregnancy complications like stillbirth or prematurity. (
  • However, many times these infections will carry no apparent symptoms and may therefore go undiagnosed until they lead to serious complications, including stillbirth and preterm birth. (
  • Many stillbirths are caused by complications with the placenta, which links the baby's and mother's blood supplies, providing nourishment in the womb. (
  • Population-based individually-matched case-control study including 702 cases of stillbirth and 702 controls among Swedish primiparous women giving birth 1987-1996. (
  • A study launched today by MBRRACE-UK has found that national guidance was not followed by hospitals in the majority of cases of stillbirth, and identified 'missed opportunities' which could have potentially saved babies' lives. (
  • Pregnancy notes were studied from 133 cases of stillbirth in 2013, and after finding a number of problems, experts have made a set of recommendations. (
  • Placental lesions identified in cases of stillbirth are of clinical interest and are frequently invoked as having a causal role. (
  • The existence of shared risk factors also suggests that in some cases of stillbirth fetal CNS injury precedes the in utero fetal demise. (
  • This analysis of the study data compared the risk of stillbirth in women who had conceived for the first time after fertility treatment, subfertile women (who conceive after a year of trying), and fertile women. (
  • Worldwide in 2015 there were about 2.6 million stillbirths that occurred after 28 weeks of pregnancy (about 1 for every 45 births). (
  • [2] In the United States for every 167 births there is one stillbirth. (
  • Fortunately, stillbirths remain uncommon, with around one in 200 births ending in a stillbirth. (
  • Worldwide in 2019, there were an estimated 2.0 million stillbirths that occurred after 28 weeks of pregnancy (about 1 for every 72 births). (
  • The results are from the first large-scale observational study to investigate the interval between stillbirth and subsequent pregnancy, including almost 14,500 births in women from Australia, Finland, and Norway who had a stillbirth in their previous pregnancy. (
  • On average, the chance that a woman's next pregnancy will result in stillbirth is about 3%, which means that most post-stillbirth pregnancies result in healthy births. (
  • These findings suggest that a low-cost instructional regimen for birth attendants can be effective in reducing stillbirths in parts of the world where most births are not attended by a physician," said Alan E. Guttmacher, M.D., acting director of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), the NIH institute, that, along with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, funded the study. (
  • Before data collection on births began, research staff taught local health care workers how to collect data, assess infant health, and diagnose stillbirth and other conditions. (
  • Stillbirths among births attended by midwives and traditional birth attendants declined to nearly the same levels seen among births attended by physicians. (
  • The mean stillbirth rate in the United States is approximately 1 in 115 births, which is roughly 26,000 stillbirths each year, or on an average one every 20 minutes. (
  • In the U.S., the stillbirth rate is 3 per 1,000 births, putting it 22nd among 186 countries. (
  • Worldwide, Finland and Singapore have the lowest rates at 2.0 stillbirths per 1,000 births. (
  • The worst rates are found in Nigeria and Pakistan where there are roughly 40 stillbirths per 100 births. (
  • While the WHO limits use of the term stillbirth to births occurring at 28 weeks or later, the U.S. and Australia use 20 weeks, while the U.K. uses 24 weeks. (
  • While countries in South-East Asia report the highest overall numbers of stillbirth, countries in Africa report the highest incidence rates per 1000 live births [ 4 ]. (
  • The average stillbirth rate in developing countries has been reported to be 26 per 1000 live births, about five times higher than in developed countries (5 per 1000) [ 4 ]. (
  • The risk of stillbirth is still quite small -- just 377 occurred in the entire study population, the equivalent of about 6.5 in every 1,000 births. (
  • RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C. - Stillbirths occur in one out of every 160 births in the United States and, despite extensive evaluation, 25 to 60 percent of these prenatal deaths remain unexplained. (
  • The risk of stillbirth in women who conceived after IVF or ICSI was 16.2 per 1,000 births. (
  • Stillbirths are rare and occur in just over 1 in 200 births. (
  • The Kingdom still ranks 101 among 195 countries surveyed, with a stillbirth rate of 11.9 deaths per 1,000 births in 2015 - with a stillbirth being defined by the WHO as foetal deaths in pregnancies lasting seven or more months. (
  • Researchers examined records of all 767,016 live births and all 4,697 stillbirths between 2002 and 2007. (
  • They said that because they looked at so many births, they could also make statistically precise estimates of the impact of extremely low birth weight on the risk of stillbirth. (
  • We obtained the denominators (all stillbirths and live births) from the Office for National Statistics. (
  • Findings indicated "significant increases" in stillbirths and maternal deaths by about one-third during the pandemic, though the rate of overall preterm births remained about the same compared to pre-pandemic life. (
  • Specifically, the plan envisages reducing national neo-natal mortality to fewer than ten deaths per 1,000 live births and stillbirth rates to fewer than ten per 1,000 by 2035, resulting in global averages of seven and eight, respectively, according to the report. (
  • The UK saw an average rate of 4.1 stillbirths per 1,000 births in 2018 , according to the Office for National Statistics. (
  • This map shows Worldwide Stillbirth rate (per 1000 births). (
  • The stillbirth rate varies sharply by country, from the lowest rates of 2 per 1000 births in Finland and Singapore and 2.2 per 1000 births in Denmark and Norway, to highs of 47 in Pakistan and 42 in Nigeria, 36 in Bangladesh, and 34 in Djibouti and Senegal. (
  • There were 377 stillbirths observed during the study period - a rate of 6.5 stillbirths per 1,000 births. (
  • Women over 40 have the highest stillbirth rate at 7.2 per 1000 live births, a third higher than the average. (
  • Advances in technology mean that neonatal mortality [deaths in the first week] through to premature births have fallen but stillbirths present us with a challenge. (
  • A spokeswoman for the Stillbirth and Neonatal Deaths charity, said the causes of still births were not properly investigated by obstetricians. (
  • Continuous monitoring of the fetus during labor can help find problems so that an ob-gyn can take steps to help prevent stillbirth. (
  • While there is never a way to prevent stillbirth completely, you can take steps to reduce your risk and to ensure a healthy pregnancy, such as maintaining a healthy weight before getting pregnant , not smoking or using alcohol or other drugs , getting a thorough checkup prior to becoming pregnant , ensuring good prenatal care and medical supervision, and getting treatment for any medical conditions. (
  • Tommy's is the largest UK charity funding research to prevent stillbirth. (
  • This discovery will help doctors identify the small number of women at most risk who require intervention to prevent stillbirth. (
  • WEDNESDAY, June 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Women who've had one stillbirth have a four times higher risk of having another stillbirth compared to women who've had a live birth, British researchers report. (
  • In a subsequent pregnancy , only 2.5 percent of women who'd experienced a previous stillbirth had another stillbirth, the study found. (
  • Conceiving within a year or even 6 months after a stillbirth did not increase a woman's likelihood of having another stillbirth or a preterm or small for gestational age (SGA) baby compared with an interpregnancy interval of at least 2 years, according to a new study published online February 28 in the Lancet . (
  • If the stillbirth was caused by a defect or umbilical cord problem, the chances of another stillbirth in a later pregnancy are slight. (
  • Yet when the researchers accounted for several of those, including age and the women's drinking and drug habits, passive smokers had more than three times the odds of stillbirth. (
  • Stillbirths occurred in the subsequent pregnancy for 2.5 percent of women who had a previous stillbirth and in 0.4 percent of women with no history of stillbirth, the researchers found. (
  • Those studies revealed a nearly five times increase in the risk of a second stillbirth, the researchers said. (
  • Using birth records data from 1987-2016 in Finland, 1980-2015 in Norway, and 1980-2015 in Western Australia, the researchers analyzed birth outcomes in women who had conceived following a singleton stillbirth at 22 weeks' gestation or later. (
  • The researchers also note that although this is the largest study of its kind, only 228 women had recurrent stillbirths, which means the analyses for this group are limited because of small numbers. (
  • The researchers found a decrease in the rates of fresh stillbirth""or death immediately before or at the moment of birth. (
  • The greatest decrease in stillbirth rates was among deliveries attended by nurses, midwives, and traditional attendants, all of whom, the researchers believe, would likely not have received such training. (
  • Our researchers have looked at information from over 5,500 women with ICP and have found that the babies of women with extremely high bile acid levels are most at risk of stillbirth. (
  • Our researchers are working out the best way of testing new therapies that could be used to improve how the placenta functions and reduce the risk of stillbirth. (
  • Worldwide, approximately 2.7 million stillbirths occurred in 2008 and an estimated 3.6 million neonatal deaths (before age 29 days) occur each year, the researchers wrote. (
  • In this data set of over 20,000 pregnancies, the researchers were able to count and compare the number of stillbirths that occurred in women using a variety of non-IVF ART. (
  • It was in the late 1970s and early 1980s that the medical and psychological thinking about stillbirth began to evolve when researchers started studying the impact of a baby's death and parents began telling their stories. (
  • Specifically among pregnancy disorders, the researchers found that small size for gestational age and placental abruption carried the greatest risk for stillbirth, highlighting "the notable role of placental pathology in stillbirth," they wrote. (
  • Researchers found that half of stillbirths occur while the mother is in labor. (
  • Despite a decline in the rate of stillbirths, more than 2.6 million stillbirths still occur worldwide each year - approximately 7,200 deaths daily, British researchers report. (
  • The researchers found that half of stillbirths occur during the birth process. (
  • Maternal nutrition accounted for another 10 percent of stillbirths, the researchers said. (
  • Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest stillbirth rates, and the slowest rates of progress worldwide, according to the researchers. (
  • The rate of stillbirths also fell nearly 3 percent in Rwanda, the researchers found. (
  • The researchers noted that poor care plays a role in up to 30 percent of stillbirths in high-income nations. (
  • The researchers performed microarray and karyotype analysis on tissue samples from 532 stillbirths in five different geographic areas. (
  • Researchers found that women had a 4.5-fold increased risk of having a stillbirth and a four times greater risk of developing melanoma after their procedures. (
  • Foetuses which are "severely small for gestational age," disproportionately account for about six percent of all stillbirths, according to researchers of St. Michael's Hospital. (
  • Researchers with the Queensland University of Technology (QUT) have sought to link stillbirths and shorter pregnancies to rise in temperature. (
  • Researchers found that across all women with high blood sugar, measured after a period of fasting, they had on average twice the risk of stillbirth than women without the condition. (
  • A bacterial infection found in one in five pregnant women worldwide is responsible for an estimated 147,000 stillbirths and infant deaths each year, and a vaccine is urgently needed, researchers said Monday. (
  • The findings, led by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, estimated that out of 410,000 GBS cases every year, there will be at least 147,000 stillbirths and infant deaths globally. (
  • Researchers analysed online surveys involving 153 women who had experienced a late stillbirth the previous month and 480 women with ongoing third-trimester pregnancy or who had recently delivered a live-born baby during the same period. (
  • These findings are consistent with previous data, which suggested that maternal influenza vaccination could reduce stillbirths during an influenza pandemic, the researchers wrote. (
  • Women who conceived less than 6 to 12 months after a stillbirth did not have a greater odds of a stillbirth, preterm birth , or SGA newborn than women who conceived 24 to 59 months after their stillbirth, after adjustment for a women's country, age, parity, decade of delivery, and duration of preceding pregnancy. (
  • In a study of almost 700 pregnant women who received a cervical stitch designed to prevent preterm labor, the use of one type of suture over another was associated with three times higher risk of stillbirth and almost twice the risk of preterm birth. (
  • For women with diabetes in pregnancy, miscarriage, pre-eclampsia, preterm labour, stillbirth and problems with the baby (whilst in the womb, at delivery and after the birth) are sadly more common. (
  • And stillbirth is often thought of - and studied - as separate from other areas of maternal-fetal medicine, like preterm birth, when really it likely shares a lot of common origins, she says. (
  • The goal was to determine whether elevated bile acid concentrations were associated with the risk of stillbirth and preterm birth based on 23 studies eligible for the aggregate data meta-analysis (5,557 intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy cases and 165,136 controls) and 27 studies with individual patient data (5,269 intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy cases). (
  • We can prioritise safe and accessible maternity care during the pandemic and the aftermath, while planning for a future of radically inclusive and equitable maternity care that will draw on the lessons of this pandemic to reduce preterm birth, stillbirth, and maternal mortality worldwide," study authors concluded. (
  • Most people were not able to identify any risk factors that can lead to stillbirth. (
  • Many different causes can lead to stillbirth, and sometimes multiple causes occur together. (
  • Published in the Lancet Global Health journal, the review found an overall increase in the risks of stillbirth and maternal death during the pandemic, and found the impact on poorer countries was disproportionately greater. (
  • Compared with women who were high level white-collar workers, the adjusted risks of stillbirth were as follows: unskilled blue-collar workers, 2.2 (95% CI : 1.3- 3.7), skilled blue-collar workers, 2.4 (95% CI : 1.3-4.1), low level white-collar workers, 1.9 (95% CI : 1.2-3.2), and intermediate level white-collar workers 1.4 (95% CI : 0.9-2.4). (
  • On average, women at higher risk of gestational diabetes who were not screened according to the NICE guidelines also experienced higher risks of stillbirth. (
  • Other factors associated with stillbirth were severe anemia, low serum folate concentration, past induced abortion, and history of stillbirth. (
  • There are many factors associated with stillbirth including inadequate access to obstetric care, inadequate care [ 7 ], malaria, hypertensive disease, poor nutritional status, history of stillbirth, congenital anomalies, sickle cell disease, and high burden of infectious comorbidities [ 5 , 8 - 10 ]. (
  • As such, one extra woman in a hundred may experience a stillbirth following these techniques who otherwise would not have done. (
  • Funded by the charities Action Medical Research, Cure Kids, Sands and Tommy's, the study compared the symptoms and care of 291 women who experienced a stillbirth to 733 similar women who did not experience a stillbirth across 41 maternity units in England. (
  • Many women who have a stillbirth go on to have healthy babies. (
  • Stillbirth, which involves foetal death during pregnancy at or after 22 weeks of gestation, occurs in one in 200 pregnancies, making it the most common cause of death in potentially viable babies. (
  • NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Pregnant women who live or work with smokers may be at slightly higher risk of having a stillbirth, suggests a study that adds to evidence that even secondhand smoke can harm unborn babies. (
  • Reuters) - Rates of stillbirth and maternal deaths rose by around a third during the COVID-19 pandemic, with pregnancy outcomes getting worse overall for both babies and mothers worldwide, according to an international data review published on Wednesday. (
  • Our research is helping us understand the causes of stillbirth, so we can find the babies at risk in time to help them. (
  • Can steroid injections improve blood flow to babies at risk of stillbirth? (
  • Some babies are delivered early, to try to avoid a stillbirth, but we lack concrete evidence that this is beneficial. (
  • Around a fifth of women in our study gained enough weight between pregnancies to increase their risk of stillbirth by 30-50%, and their likelihood of giving birth to babies who die in infancy increased by 27-60%, if they had a healthy weight during their first pregnancy. (
  • Another British expert, Professor Basky Thilaganathan, director of foetal medicine at St George's University Hospital, stressed that even a 55% increased risk of stillbirth would mean only one in 200 women in the UK losing their babies. (
  • The biggest reduction in stillbirths was seen for babies born just after the end of influenza season, when vaccination was linked to 67 percent lower odds of it happening. (
  • Babies who are born at more than 42 weeks of gestation are at a slightly increased risk of stillbirth. (
  • The results of more than 20,000 pregnancies of single babies were analysed, with a clear increased risk for stillbirth after IVF and ICSI. (
  • Babies lost through miscarriage, stillbirth or neonatal death will be remembered in a special service taking place in Wishaw next month. (
  • It offers a dedicated time of reflection during which babies lost through miscarriage, stillbirth and neonatal death are remembered. (
  • In the United States, some 25,000 babies each year are lost to stillbirth. (
  • Some stillbirths can be prevented if at-risk babies are induced in time. (
  • And now the NHS has incorporated them in its Saving Babies' Lives care bundle - a dossier of advice issued as part of a push to halve the rate of stillbirths in the UK. (
  • Clinical trials would reveal whether treating mothers helps their unborn babies to grow properly during pregnancy, and whether it can cut the rate of stillbirth and cerebral palsy. (
  • There has been no improvement in the stillbirth rate since the early 1990s, in sharp contrast to the survival rate for premature babies. (
  • Richard Congdon, chief executive of CEMACH, said: "The rapid improvement in recent years in the survival prospects of babies who have been born very prematurely is highly welcome, but unfortunately there seem to be deep-seated reasons why we are not seeing the same improvement in the number of stillbirths. (
  • While problems with the placenta, which can affect the growth of the foetus, infections and congential abnormalities are all known causes of stillbirths, for a third of cases there is no known reason. (
  • Professor Gordon Smith of Cambridge University conducted a literature review on existing research into the placenta, which is thought to be a likely factor influencing stillbirth deaths. (
  • Untreated Lyme disease during pregnancy may lead to infection of the placenta and possible stillbirth. (
  • Our research aims to reduce stillbirth rates by finding the missing links between stillbirth, the placenta and the baby's growth. (
  • Most of our stillbirth research takes place in our Manchester research centre, where we have made great progress in our Rainbow and Placenta Clinics. (
  • Looking to identify and manage chronic histiocytic intervillositis - a condition in which the mother's immune system rejects the placenta, leading to stillbirth or miscarriage. (
  • Placenta and umbilical cord abnormalities seen with stillbirth. (
  • In wealthier countries, the stillbirth rate appears to be affected by a cluster of modifiable risk factors that includes obesity, advanced maternal age, and smoking, according to another paper by Vicki Flenady, PhD, of Mater Medical Research Institute in South Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, and colleagues. (
  • Also, maternal smoking was a primary factor in for 4% to 7% of all stillbirths in these countries. (
  • Our aim was to study the association between SES and risk of stillbirth, and to assess whether any differences in risk are mediated by other maternal socio-demographic or anthropometrical characteristics, differences in lifestyle, or attendance at antenatal care. (
  • In this manuscript we describe the placental characteristics that are most frequently listed in stillbirth case series, including entities associated with maternal diseases. (
  • Maternal obesity and risk of stillbirth: a meta-analysis. (
  • Reddy UM, Ko CW, Willinger M. Maternal age and the risk of stillbirth throughout pregnancy in the United States. (
  • Stillbirth at term in women of advanced maternal age in the United States: when could the antenatal testing be initiated? (
  • WASHINGTON , May 20 2014 (IPS) - Delegates to this week's annual meeting of the World Health Assembly (WHA) in Geneva should agree on an ambitious agenda to sharply cut the rate of newborn deaths and stillbirths over the next two decades, according to maternal and infant health experts. (
  • The epidemiology of stillbirth and fetal central nervous system (CNS) injury is described with some emphasis on maternal and feto-placental risk factors. (
  • It was the first study to report maternal sleep-related practices as risk factors for stillbirth. (
  • The findings, which appeared in the Journal of Birth, suggested an association between lengthy periods of undisturbed maternal sleep and stillbirths that were independent of other risk factors. (
  • Studies aiming to reduce stillbirths should consider maternal sleep as this is a potentially modifiable risk factor. (
  • Smoking, advanced maternal age, diabetes, obesity and drug abuse are among well-established risk factors for stillbirths. (
  • Ultrasonography is often used to diagnose stillbirth. (
  • Janet Scott, head of research at Sands, a stillbirth charity, says: "There is still a lack of knowledge on why deaths are happening. (
  • SANDS (Stillbirth and Neonatal Death Society) can offer telephone support on 020 7436 5881 as well as group meetings and one to one sessions. (
  • The Lanarkshire branch of SANDS - the Stillbirth and Neonatal Death Support charity - meeting is held on the second Monday of the month between 7.30pm and 9.30pm in the Ronald Miller Centre at the hospital. (
  • We also searched the websites of the Stillbirth and Neonatal Death Charity (SANDS) and International Stillbirth Alliance (ISA) (18 September 2012) and then subsequently searched the websites of all the ISA member organisations. (
  • Because most women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy have bile acids below this concentration, they can probably be reassured that the risk of stillbirth is similar to that of pregnant women in the general population, provided repeat bile acid testing is done until delivery," the authors write. (
  • In the U.S., a pregnancy loss before the 20th week of pregnancy is referred to as a miscarriage , while the term "stillbirth" refers to the loss of a baby after 20 weeks' gestation. (
  • Some sources reserve the term "stillbirth" for a fetus which has died after reaching mid-second trimester to full term gestational age . (
  • In contrast, other sources use the term "stillbirth" regardless of the stage of fetal development. (
  • The median time between a woman's stillbirth and the start of her next pregnancy was 9 months, with 63% of women conceiving within 12 months (and 37% conceiving within 6 months) after stillbirth. (
  • A stillbirth , meaning "quiet birth" occurs when a fetus which has died in the uterus or during labour or delivery exits a woman's body . (
  • Silicone implants can increase a woman's risk of arthritis, stillbirth and even skin cancer, a new study suggests. (
  • The period between diagnosis of intrauterine death and induction of delivery may give health professionals a major opportunity to improve a woman's ability to cope with the event of stillbirth and prepare her to meet with her loved but now silent baby. (
  • Putting on extra pounds between pregnancies significantly increases the risk of stillbirth or infant death, a major study has found. (
  • Low SES increases the risk of stillbirth. (
  • There are also risk factors which can increase the risk of stillbirth. (
  • A study has revealed that virtually no progress has been made in determining the causes of stillbirth over the last 40 years, prompting experts to call for additional funding. (
  • By that measure there were an estimated 22,750 stillbirths last year, about the same number as infant deaths. (
  • The stillbirth follows the February death of a 45-year-old Mexican national in McAllen, Tex., who died in Border Patrol custody after twice seeking medical attention, and the December deaths of two detained migrant children, which led the CBP chief to commit to conducting health checks on all minors in the agency's custody. (
  • Wisconsin Stillbirth Service Program: I. Establishment and assessment of a community-based program for etiologic investigation of intrauterine deaths. (
  • Read more about causes and Stillbirth deaths . (
  • Many of those stillbirths have remained invisible, however, on the global health agenda, because nearly all of them go unreported to health authorities, and data collection on both stillbirths and neo-natal deaths is in any case inadequate. (
  • The greatest burden was seen in Africa, which experiences 54 percent of infections and 65 percent of stillbirths and infant deaths from GBS, said the report, released at the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Annual Meeting in Baltimore. (
  • Malaria, because of its high prevalence and extensive placental damage, accounts for large numbers of stillbirths. (
  • However, most of the placental changes found in stillbirth are also seen in liveborn pregnancies, and are of uncertain pathogenetic significance. (
  • Much of the literature addressing placental lesions found in stillbirth is descriptive, listing cases of interest without adequate controls. (
  • Known as placental abruption, this condition is believed to be responsible for up to 16% of stillbirths. (
  • Caroline Davey, Chief Executive of Bliss, the premature and sick baby charity, said: "It is deeply concerning to find that some of these stillbirth cases could have been prevented. (
  • Miscarriage, stillbirth and premature birth charity Tommy's has also issued a warning about the devices. (
  • The UK charity Tommy's, which funds research into miscarriage, stillbirth and premature birth, has included Dr Stacey's findings about sleep position in its advice to pregnant women. (
  • Worldwide prevention of most stillbirths is possible with improved health systems. (
  • I am now an ambassador for an organization dedicated to the prevention of stillbirth and infant death through education, advocacy, and support. (
  • I also work with a stillbirth and infant death prevention organization to help parents avoid the same pain our family endured. (
  • Stillbirth prevention programs often advise pregnant women to beware of reduced fetal movement, despite the lack of evidence that such monitoring reduces stillbirth risk. (
  • Given the size of the study, and the fact that the findings align with another large trial that looked at monitoring fetal movement for stillbirth prevention, experts "need to consider how current guidelines might be revised," they say. (
  • Ascending bacterial infection is a common cause of stillbirths, but prevention has proven elusive. (
  • Many viral infections cause stillbirths but aside from vaccination for common childhood diseases, we do not have a clear prevention strategy. (
  • ISA seeks out partnerships with other organizations active in stillbirth and neonatal death prevention and bereavement support at regional and global levels. (
  • The International Society for the Study and Prevention of Perinatal and Infant Death (ISPID) is a not-for-profit organization that is leading the world in discovering evidence-based preventive measures for stillbirth and sudden infant death. (
  • We support rigorous scientific research to ensure effective action for stillbirth and newborn death prevention and bereavement support. (
  • ISA's mission is to raise awareness and promote global collaboration for the prevention of stillbirth and newborn death and provision of appropriate respectful care for all those affected. (
  • The best way forward is to identify the patterns and associations behind stillbirth so that we can discover the most promising areas for further research into its prevention. (
  • For example, in the United Kingdom, "stillbirth" is used to describe an infant delivered without life after 24 weeks gestation. (
  • Stillbirth happens more often than we imagine-10 times more often than sudden infant death syndrome, or SIDS, a condition most every parent knows about and dreads. (
  • We are here to offer compassionate support though out your journey to healing after any loss of a pregnancy, stillbirth or Infant death. (
  • If you have not personally experienced the sorrow of pregnancy loss, MC, Stillbirth, Infant or child death please don't post here, it makes us uncomfortable to be watched like soap opera. (
  • Scientists assessed the risk of stillbirth and infant death - death within the first year of life - experienced by women whose weight changed between their first and second pregnancies. (
  • Women who had an infant die previously are also more likely to lose a subsequent baby through stillbirth. (
  • Perinatal loss is the term for the death of an infant during pregnancy or shortly thereafter-it may include miscarriage, stillbirth or neonatal death. (
  • Stillbirth is the term used to describe the loss of a pregnancy or the birth of an infant that has died in the womb after having survived through at least the first 28 weeks of pregnancy or more. (
  • The rate of stillbirths has remained stubbornly high for 15 years, despite improvement in every other area of infant health, but the causes are little understood. (
  • [2] [9] About half of stillbirths occur during childbirth , with this being more common in the developing than developed world . (
  • [13] Many stillbirths occur at full term to apparently healthy mothers, and a postmortem evaluation reveals a cause of death in about 40% of autopsied cases. (
  • What experts don't always know is why stillbirths occur -- whether it's a first or later pregnancy, Bhattacharya said. (
  • Most stillbirths occur in full term pregnancies. (
  • Many infections borne by animals and vectors cause stillbirths, and these types of infections occur frequently in low-income countries. (
  • Another study led by Dr. Luc de Bernis of the U.N. Population Fund in Geneva found the estimated 7,200 stillbirths that occur daily remain a hidden problem. (
  • There are a number of reasons why a stillbirth may occur but unfortunately it's not always possible for a doctor to tell in every case. (
  • Why do stillbirths occur? (
  • Stillbirth can occur in the uterus (intrauterine death) or within the birth canal during labor and delivery (intra-partum death). (
  • Most often stillbirth occurs unexpectedly, and it is important to note that it can occur in both healthy pregnancies and in those complicated by other health issues. (
  • Although this may occur, thanks to modern developments in childbirth techniques, this has become a very rare cause of stillbirth. (
  • Despite the higher risk of recurrence, most pregnancies following a stillbirth will progress normally and end in the birth of a healthy baby," said lead researcher Dr. Sohinee Bhattacharya, a lecturer at the Institute of Applied Health Sciences at the University of Aberdeen in Scotland. (
  • There is insufficient evidence in this review to inform clinical practice about the effectiveness of interventions to improve care prior to and during subsequent pregnancies following a stillbirth. (
  • This study aimed to find out what the general public know about the risk factors associated with stillbirth and whether stillbirth can be prevented. (
  • This study highlights the importance of increasing public awareness about stillbirth by providing clear information to women and their partners that there are risk factors associated with stillbirth that can be identified and monitored. (
  • The fact that most of the stillbirths were fresh suggests that higher quality intrapartum care could reduce stillbirth rates. (
  • According to the research team in Norway who conducted the study, women who experience a decrease in fetal movement are more likely to have a stillbirth or encounter other types of dangerous birth outcomes. (
  • While obesity is an established risk factor for stillbirths and other poor birth outcomes, some studies have suggested an increased risk in women who are underweight or overweight, while others have not shown any associations. (
  • Research that better defines the relation between these infections and stillbirths, and develops strategies to reduce associated adverse outcomes, should play an important part in reduction of stillbirths in low-income countries. (
  • Stillbirths have not been widely studied, have been under-reported, and rarely have been considered in attempts to improve birth outcomes in developing countries [ 5 , 6 ]. (
  • Pregnant women should be reassured that flu vaccine does not increase the risk of poor birth outcomes for the baby, and in fact, getting a flu shot during pregnancy can reduce their risk of having a stillbirth," Regan said by email. (
  • Until now, there has been speculation that the increased risk of adverse outcomes, such as stillbirths, in assisted reproduction might be due to factors related to the underlying infertility of the couples," Wisborg said. (
  • We aimed to compare the effectiveness of different interventions or models of care in improving pregnancy outcomes for parents who have had a previous stillbirth at 20 weeks' gestation or more. (
  • The primary objectives were a) to examine the effectiveness of interventions to support parents' decisions about autopsy consent after a stillbirth on outcomes for parents, and b) to determine autopsy rates. (
  • These factors and outcomes were analyzed to determine the risk for stillbirth during the pre-influenza season, influenza season and post-influenza season time periods. (
  • A pregnant woman sleeping on her back after 28 weeks of pregnancy may be a risk factor for stillbirth. (
  • In the United States, highest rates of stillbirths happen in pregnant women who: are of low socioeconomic status are aged 35 years or older have chronic medical conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, etc. are of Black heritage have previously lost a child during pregnancy have multiple children at a time (twins, triplets, etc. (
  • Little is known about the risk of stillbirth in passive smokers, so Crane and her colleagues used a database of pregnant women from the Canadian provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador to shed light on the question. (
  • The review included millions of pregnant women, and fewer than 1 percent had a stillbirth. (
  • Once a woman becomes pregnant again after a stillbirth, she should consult her midwife or doctor early, be aware of any signs that the baby is not growing or moving adequately and see her doctor or midwife if she's worried, Bhattacharya said. (
  • We hope that our findings can provide reassurance to women who wish to become pregnant or unexpectedly become pregnant shortly after a stillbirth," said lead author Annette K. Regan, PhD, of Curtin University, Perth, Australia, in a Lancet press release. (
  • Reuters Health) - Encouraging pregnant women to be aware of reduced fetal movement and to report it promptly to their doctors does not reduce stillbirth risk, new findings show. (
  • Specifically, the study found that if you're pregnant and have risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)-but you are not screened, diagnosed, or treated for it-you have up to a 44% increased risk of stillbirth. (
  • The stillbirth will probably raise new questions about ICE's policy of detaining pregnant women , which changed from a "presumption of release for all pregnant detainees" after an executive order from President Trump directed the agency "to enforce the immigration laws of the United States against all removable aliens. (
  • It is important to remember that the risk of stillbirth is still very low among women pregnant after IVF/ICSI. (
  • I kid you not i also referred two of my friends who had a stillbirth and they also got pregnant that month. (
  • After infection in pregnant mice, it leads to fetal resorption and stillbirth. (
  • RESEARCH spearheaded by a University of Huddersfield lecturer has shown that pregnant women can lower the risk of stillbirth by sleeping on their side and NOT on their back. (
  • Stillbirth is a devastating loss for any parent, and these results show that clinicians treating pregnant women should be promoting seasonal influenza vaccine every year for every pregnancy. (
  • for example, the WHO (World Health Organization) recommends a stillbirth to be defined as a baby born with no signs of life at or after 28 weeks gestation. (
  • When a baby dies after 24 weeks of gestation, it is called a stillbirth. (
  • In the UK, around 1 in 225 pregnancies end in stillbirth - when a baby dies after 24 weeks gestation. (
  • In the United States, the loss of a baby will be classed as stillbirth if the baby dies after 20 weeks gestation. (
  • Stillbirth is traditionally defined as the death of a foetus at more than 23 weeks of gestation weighing 500 grams or more. (
  • That's especially important when there's an underlying condition such as diabetes or high blood pressure, which are both risk factors for stillbirth. (
  • While a number of risk factors have been identified, the actual cause of most stillbirths remains unknown, says Carmichael. (
  • In a third article reviewing risk factors, research priorities, and interventions, Flenady and colleagues noted that stillbirth rates in high-income countries have in fact declined dramatically from about 1940, but that decline has stalled recently. (
  • The objective of the study was to assess Plasmodium/intestinal helminth infection in pregnancy and other risk factors for stillbirth in Ghana. (
  • They combined information typically used to measure stillbirth risk with an interviewer-led questionnaire about mothers' consumption of various caffeinated drinks, as well as other risk factors like alcohol and cigarettes that have confused previous studies, to see if and when stillbirth may have been linked to caffeine. (
  • Many stillbirth risk factors can be identified and when they are, healthcare professionals can monitor pregnancy and hopefully reduce the possibility of a baby dying before birth. (
  • This heightened risk occurred regardless of the other known risk factors for stillbirth. (
  • In Edinburgh, obese women attending our antenatal clinic were an astounding 8 times less likely to have a stillbirth than women receiving standard care. (
  • Commenting on the research, Mr Edward Morris, Vice President of Clinical Quality at the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, said: "Women with gestational diabetes are more likely to have a stillbirth, but with adequate monitoring, care and treatment, this risk can be managed so that women can maximise their chances of having a healthy pregnancy and birth. (
  • Stillbirth accounts for more than half of perinatal mortality in developing countries [ 3 ]. (
  • While stillbirth rates for diabetic pregnancies have decreased due to screening, treatment, and antenatal surveillance of these patients, about 4 % of all stillbirths remain attributable to diabetes, and diabetic pregnancies continue to be at increased risk for perinatal mortality. (
  • Stillbirths are the largest contributor to perinatal mortality, but current classification systems consistently report about two thirds of stillbirths as being unexplained. (
  • As the age of motherhood is rising with more women giving birth in their forties, the report warns that the rate of stillbirths and perinatal mortality could rise. (
  • About 1% of pregnancies overall result in stillbirth, meaning that there are about 24,000 stillbirths each year in the U.S. (
  • Problems with the baby may result in stillbirth. (
  • According to recent figures from MBBRACE-UK, around four in every thousand pregnancies in the UK result in stillbirth. (
  • Genetic abnormalities have been associated with 6 to 13 percent of stillbirths, but the true prevalence may be higher," said Grier Page, Ph.D., a senior statistical geneticist at RTI International and one of the paper's authors. (
  • This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Stillbirth. (
  • Fetal growth restriction is a common antecedent of stillbirth, but its high prevalence is hidden by current classification systems. (
  • Women are being left at risk of stillbirth due to a lack of consistency in screening for gestational diabetes, new research suggests. (
  • Foetuses that are "severely large for gestational age," account for nearly one percent of stillbirths, reports the Journal of Perinatology. (
  • Risk of stillbirth after 37 weeks in pregnancies complicated by small-for-gestational-age fetuses. (
  • The study, led by the University of Leeds and the University of Manchester, found that the risk of stillbirth was over four-times higher in women who developed signs of gestational diabetes but were not diagnosed. (
  • The good news is that women with gestational diabetes have no increase in stillbirth risk if national guidelines are followed for screening, diagnosis and management. (
  • Co-author Professor Alexander Heazell, from the University of Manchester and Clinical Director of Tommy's Stillbirth Research Centre, said: "It's not clear why some women missed out on being screened or diagnosed for gestational diabetes, but this needs to be improved. (
  • The rate of stillbirth, in which the baby dies during the third trimester of pregnancy, was 0.83 percent in passive smokers and 0.37 percent in women who didn't breathe tobacco fumes. (
  • Because of this I am dedicated to helping prevent other families from experiencing the devastating tragedy of stillbirth. (
  • Every year at least 2.6 million families experience the tragedy of stillbirth. (
  • The Story of Baby Rabbit: A Resource to Help You Talk to Young Children About Miscarriage or Stillbirth By Graeme Smith et al. (
  • He works with many families who have suffered a miscarriage or stillbirth. (
  • Plan for aftercare after a miscarriage or stillbirth. (
  • The medical definition of stillbirth is the birth of a baby who is born without any signs of life at or after 24 weeks of pregnancy. (
  • When a fetus dies in the uterus after 20 weeks of pregnancy, it is called stillbirth . (
  • A stillbirth is the death of a baby in the womb after 20 weeks of pregnancy. (
  • Stillbirths tend to happen without warning, in the last few weeks of pregnancy. (
  • Pregnancy losses after at least 20 weeks of pregnancy were counted as stillbirths, not miscarriages. (
  • The chief finding is that going to sleep lying on the back from 28 weeks of pregnancy increased the risk of stillbirth by 2.6 times. (
  • If a baby is born dead after 24 weeks of pregnancy, this is classed as a stillbirth. (
  • We found microarray analysis to be especially valuable in analyses of stillbirths with congenital anomalies or in cases in which karyotype results cannot be obtained. (
  • Microarray analysis also identified more genetic abnormalities among 443 antepartum stillbirths (8.8 percent versus 6.5 percent) and 67 stillbirths with congenital anomalies (29.9 percent versus 19.4 percent). (
  • Stillbirth risk among fetuses with ultrasound-detected isolated congenital anomalies. (
  • Overall, the absolute risk for both naturally and non-IVF assisted conceptions was 4.3 stillbirths per 1000 pregnancies. (
  • Stillbirth can be diagnosed by ultrasound examination to show that the baby's heart is no longer beating. (
  • Stillbirth is usually diagnosed during your routine ultrasound scan at prenatal appointments. (
  • If a woman loses a pregnancy after she's past her 20th week, it's called a stillbirth. (
  • Women who experience a pregnancy loss after the 20th week of their pregnancy are said to have had a stillbirth. (
  • but if a baby dies and is delivered after the 20th week it is considered a stillbirth. (
  • Recently a study published in Norway by Tveit et al titled "Reduction of late stillbirth with the introduction of fetal movement information and guidelines - a clinical quality improvement" showed that when women learned how to monitor fetal movement, the rate of stillbirths decreased. (
  • Sleeping more than nine hours per night during pregnancy could be associated with late stillbirth, suggests a recent study. (
  • What infections can cause stillbirth? (
  • What medical conditions can cause stillbirth? (
  • How does obstetric cholestasis cause stillbirth? (
  • The results of this study found that most people did not know how common stillbirth was and also believed that only a minority could be prevented. (
  • Additionally, they noted that countries use different methodology to measure stillbirth. (

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