The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
Used for general articles concerning statistics of births, deaths, marriages, etc.
A center in the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE which is primarily concerned with the collection, analysis, and dissemination of health statistics on vital events and health activities to reflect the health status of people, health needs, and health resources.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Method of measuring performance against established standards of best practice.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Official records of individual deaths including the cause of death certified by a physician, and any other required identifying information.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
A statistically significant excess of cases of a disease, occurring within a limited space-time continuum.
A quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc., with application chiefly in the areas of research and medicine.
The complete summaries of the frequencies of the values or categories of a measurement made on a group of items, a population, or other collection of data. The distribution tells either how many or what proportion of the group was found to have each value (or each range of values) out of all the possible values that the quantitative measure can have.
Instruction in which learners progress at their own rate using workbooks, textbooks, or electromechanical devices that provide information in discrete steps, test learning at each step, and provide immediate feedback about achievement. (ERIC, Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1996).
All deaths reported in a given population.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Functions constructed from a statistical model and a set of observed data which give the probability of that data for various values of the unknown model parameters. Those parameter values that maximize the probability are the maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.
In statistics, a technique for numerically approximating the solution of a mathematical problem by studying the distribution of some random variable, often generated by a computer. The name alludes to the randomness characteristic of the games of chance played at the gambling casinos in Monte Carlo. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.
The use of statistical and mathematical methods to analyze biological observations and phenomena.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Works about books, articles or other publications on herbs or plants describing their medicinal value.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
The application of STATISTICS to biological systems and organisms involving the retrieval or collection, analysis, reduction, and interpretation of qualitative and quantitative data.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
The number of units (persons, animals, patients, specified circumstances, etc.) in a population to be studied. The sample size should be big enough to have a high likelihood of detecting a true difference between two groups. (From Wassertheil-Smoller, Biostatistics and Epidemiology, 1990, p95)
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Labels pasted in books to mark their ownership and sometimes to indicate their location in a library. Private bookplates are often ornate or artistic: simpler and smaller ones bearing merely the owner's name are called "book labels." They are usually pasted on the front endpaper of books. (From Harrod, The Librarians' Glossary and Reference Book, 4th rev ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Published pieces of paper or other material, usually printed on one side and intended to be read unfolded and usually intended to be posted, publicly distributed, or sold. (From Genre Terms: A Thesaurus for Use in Rare Book and Special Collections Cataloguing, 2d ed)
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
The educational process of instructing.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Transmission of live or pre-recorded audio or video content via connection or download from the INTERNET.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
A condition or physical state produced by the ingestion, injection, inhalation of or exposure to a deleterious agent.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Any deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Bias can result from several sources: one-sided or systematic variations in measurement from the true value (systematic error); flaws in study design; deviation of inferences, interpretations, or analyses based on flawed data or data collection; etc. There is no sense of prejudice or subjectivity implied in the assessment of bias under these conditions.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
Financial support of research activities.
Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Official certifications by a physician recording the individual's birth date, place of birth, parentage and other required identifying data which are filed with the local registrar of vital statistics.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.
The co-inheritance of two or more non-allelic GENES due to their being located more or less closely on the same CHROMOSOME.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
A family composed of spouses and their children.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Nonrandom association of linked genes. This is the tendency of the alleles of two separate but already linked loci to be found together more frequently than would be expected by chance alone.
A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.
Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
The system of all phenomena in space and time; the totality of physical reality. It is both a scientific and philosophic concept appearing in all historic eras. (Webster 2d; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
Continuous frequency distribution of infinite range. Its properties are as follows: 1, continuous, symmetrical distribution with both tails extending to infinity; 2, arithmetic mean, mode, and median identical; and 3, shape completely determined by the mean and standard deviation.
A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Processes that incorporate some element of randomness, used particularly to refer to a time series of random variables.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
Publications, usually annual, containing a calendar for the coming year, the times of such events and phenomena as anniversaries, sunrises, sunsets, phases of the moon, tides, meteorological, and other statistical information and related topics. Almanacs are also annual reference books of useful and interesting facts relating to countries of the world, sports, entertainment, population groups, etc. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
In INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, machine-sensing or identification of visible patterns (shapes, forms, and configurations). (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
The use of diffusion ANISOTROPY data from diffusion magnetic resonance imaging results to construct images based on the direction of the faster diffusing molecules.
A physical property showing different values in relation to the direction in or along which the measurement is made. The physical property may be with regard to thermal or electric conductivity or light refraction. In crystallography, it describes crystals whose index of refraction varies with the direction of the incident light. It is also called acolotropy and colotropy. The opposite of anisotropy is isotropy wherein the same values characterize the object when measured along axes in all directions.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
Use for general articles concerning medical education.
Books printed before 1501.
Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.
Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Diseases that are caused by genetic mutations present during embryo or fetal development, although they may be observed later in life. The mutations may be inherited from a parent's genome or they may be acquired in utero.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
The act of killing oneself.
The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
The art and science of designing buildings and structures. More generally, it is the design of the total built environment, including town planning, urban design, and landscape architecture.
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
Annual statements reviewing the status of the administrative and operational functions and accomplishments of an institution or organization.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
A method of analyzing the variation in utilization of health care in small geographic or demographic areas. It often studies, for example, the usage rates for a given service or procedure in several small areas, documenting the variation among the areas. By comparing high- and low-use areas, the analysis attempts to determine whether there is a pattern to such use and to identify variables that are associated with and contribute to the variation.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.
Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
A stochastic process such that the conditional probability distribution for a state at any future instant, given the present state, is unaffected by any additional knowledge of the past history of the system.
Techniques which study entities using their topological, geometric, or geographic properties.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
The killing of one person by another.
Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.
A management function in which standards and guidelines are developed for the development, maintenance, and handling of forms and records.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Computer-assisted interpretation and analysis of various mathematical functions related to a particular problem.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.
The interactions between physician and patient.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.

Ventricular pressure-volume curve indices change with end-diastolic pressure. (1/8038)

Many indices have been proposed to describee the diastolic pressure-volume curve mathematically and permit quantification of the elastic properties of the myocardium itself in hopes that changes in the muscle caused by disease would b.e reflected in the diastolic pressure-volume curve. To date, none of the proposed indices has been shown convincingly to discriminate one group of patients from another. While this situation in part arises from the relatively large amount of noise introduced by the technical difficulties of measuring synchronous pressures and volumes during diastole in man, ther is a more fundamental difficulty. In practice, one can measure only a short segment of the entire pressure-volume curve, and the values of all diastolic pressure-volume curve parameters investigated change significantly when one uses different segments of the same pressure-volume curve to compute them. These results were derived from relatively noise-free pressure-volume curves obtained by filling nine excised dog left ventricles at a known rate and monitoring pressure-volume curve used to compute the parameter. Merely increasing measurement fidelity will not resolve this problem, because none of these parameters accurately characterizes the entire diastolic pressure-volume curbe from a segment like that which one can reasonably expect to obtain from humans.  (+info)

Testing for selective neutrality of electrophoretically detectable protein polymorphisms. (2/8038)

The statistical assessment of gene-frequency data on protein polymorphisms in natural populations remains a contentious issue. Here we formulate a test of whether polymorphisms detected by electrophoresis are in accordance with the stepwise, or charge-state, model of mutation in finite populations in the absence of selection. First, estimates of the model parameters are derived by minimizing chi-square deviations of the observed frequencies of genotypes with alleles (0,1,2...) units apart from their theoretical expected values. Then the remaining deviation is tested under the null hypothesis of neutrality. The procedure was found to be conservative for false rejections in simulation data. We applied the test to Ayala and Tracey 's data on 27 allozymic loci in six populations of Drosophila willistoni . About one-quarter of polymorphic loci showed significant departure from the neutral theory predictions in virtually all populations. A further quarter showed significant departure in some populations. The remaining data showed an acceptable fit to the charge state model. A predominating mode of selection was selection against alleles associated with extreme electrophoretic mobilities. The advantageous properties and the difficulties of the procedure are discussed.  (+info)

The significance of non-significance. (3/8038)

We discuss the implications of empirical results that are statistically non-significant. Figures illustrate the interrelations among effect size, sample sizes and their dispersion, and the power of the experiment. All calculations (detailed in Appendix) are based on actual noncentral t-distributions, with no simplifying mathematical or statistical assumptions, and the contribution of each tail is determined separately. We emphasize the importance of reporting, wherever possible, the a priori power of a study so that the reader can see what the chances were of rejecting a null hypothesis that was false. As a practical alternative, we propose that non-significant inference be qualified by an estimate of the sample size that would be required in a subsequent experiment in order to attain an acceptable level of power under the assumption that the observed effect size in the sample is the same as the true effect size in the population; appropriate plots are provided for a power of 0.8. We also point out that successive outcomes of independent experiments each of which may not be statistically significant on its own, can be easily combined to give an overall p value that often turns out to be significant. And finally, in the event that the p value is high and the power sufficient, a non-significant result may stand and be published as such.  (+info)

The Dictyostelium developmental cDNA project: generation and analysis of expressed sequence tags from the first-finger stage of development. (4/8038)

In an effort to identify and characterize genes expressed during multicellular development ill Dictyostelium, we have undertaken a cDNA sequencing project. Using size-fractionated subsets of cDNA from the first finger stage, two sets of gridded libraries were constructed for cDNA sequencing. One, library S, consisting of 9984 clones, carries relatively short inserts, and the other, library L, which consists of 8448 clones, has longer inserts. We sequenced all the selected clones in library S from their 3'-ends, and this generated 3093 non-redundant, expressed sequence tags (ESTs). Among them, 246 ESTs hit known Dictyostelium genes and 910 showed significant similarity to genes of Dictyostelium and other organisms. For library L, 1132 clones were randomly sequenced and 471 non-redundant ESTs were obtained. In combination, the ESTs from the two libraries represent approximately 40% of genes expressed in late development, assuming that the non-redundant ESTs correspond to independent genes. They will provide a useful resource for investigating the genetic networks that regulate multicellular development of this organism.  (+info)

The transmission/disequilibrium test and parental-genotype reconstruction: the reconstruction-combined transmission/ disequilibrium test. (5/8038)

Spielman and Ewens recently proposed a method for testing a marker for linkage with a disease, which combines data from families with and without information on parental genotypes. For some families without parental-genotype information, it may be possible to reconstruct missing parental genotypes from the genotypes of their offspring. The treatment of such a reconstructed family as if parental genotypes have been typed, however, can introduce bias. In the present study, a new method is presented that employs parental-genotype reconstruction and corrects for the biases resulting from reconstruction. The results of an application of this method to a real data set and of a simulation study suggest that this approach may increase the power to detect linkage.  (+info)

Analysis of affected sib pairs, with covariates--with and without constraints. (6/8038)

Covariate models have previously been developed as an extension to affected-sib-pair methods in which the covariate effects are jointly estimated with the degree of excess allele sharing. These models can estimate the differences in sib-pair allele sharing that are associated with measurable environment or genes. When there are no covariates, the pattern of identical-by-descent allele sharing in affected sib pairs is expected to fall within a small triangular region of the potential parameter space, under most genetic models. By restriction of the estimated allele sharing to this triangle, improved power is obtained in tests for genetic linkage. When the affected-sib-pair model is generalized to allow for covariates that affect allele sharing, however, new constraints and new methods for the application of constraints are required. Three generalized constraint methods are proposed and evaluated by use of simulated data. The results compare the power of the different methods, with and without covariates, for a single-gene model with age-dependent onset and for quantitative and qualitative gene-environment and gene-gene interaction models. Covariates can improve the power to detect linkage and can be particularly valuable when there are qualitative gene-environment interactions. In most situations, the best strategy is to assume that there is no dominance variance and to obtain constrained estimates for covariate models under this assumption.  (+info)

A parametric copula model for analysis of familial binary data. (7/8038)

Modeling the joint distribution of a binary trait (disease) within families is a tedious challenge, owing to the lack of a general statistical model with desirable properties such as the multivariate Gaussian model for a quantitative trait. Models have been proposed that either assume the existence of an underlying liability variable, the reality of which cannot be checked, or provide estimates of aggregation parameters that are dependent on the ordering of family members and on family size. We describe how a class of copula models for the analysis of exchangeable categorical data can be incorporated into a familial framework. In this class of models, the joint distribution of binary outcomes is characterized by a function of the given marginals. This function, referred to as a "copula," depends on an aggregation parameter that is weakly dependent on the marginal distributions. We propose to decompose a nuclear family into two sets of equicorrelated data (parents and offspring), each of which is characterized by an aggregation parameter (alphaFM and alphaSS, respectively). The marginal probabilities are modeled through a logistic representation. The advantage of this model is that it provides estimates of the aggregation parameters that are independent of family size and does not require any arbitrary ordering of sibs. It can be incorporated easily into segregation or combined segregation-linkage analysis and does not require extensive computer time. As an illustration, we applied this model to a combined segregation-linkage analysis of levels of plasma angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) dichotomized into two classes according to the median. The conclusions of this analysis were very similar to those we had reported in an earlier familial analysis of quantitative ACE levels.  (+info)

Parental hyperdynamic circulation predicts insulin resistance in offspring: The Tecumseh Offspring Study. (8/8038)

Controversy surrounds the pathogenetic mechanisms of the relationship between hyperdynamic circulation and insulin resistance. Two hundred eight children and young adults (mean age, 17.2+/-3.0 years; range, 11 to 26 years) from the Tecumseh Offspring Study whose parents had been assessed with Doppler echocardiography at the age of 34 years during the previous Tecumseh Blood Pressure Study were considered for this analysis. Offspring data were stratified according to tertiles of parental cardiac index. Parents in the top cardiac index tertile had increased heart rate (P=0.001), stroke volume (P=0.0001), left ventricular fractional shortening (P=0.02), and plasma epinephrine (P=0.02) compared with parents in the other tertiles. Body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure were similar in all groups. Offspring of parents with a high cardiac index had greater BMI (P=0.001), skinfold thickness (P=0.008), and waist/hip ratio (P=0.02), higher diastolic blood pressure (P=0.02) and plasma insulin level (P=0.001), and higher heart rate during Stroop's color test (P=0.02) than offspring of parents with a lower cardiac index. In a multivariate regression analysis, offspring BMI was predicted by parental BMI and cardiac index (P=0.0001 and 0.003, respectively). The mother-child relationship explained most of the cardiac index-BMI association. In summary, parental hyperdynamic circulation was an important predictor of overweight, abnormal fat distribution, increased blood pressure, and hyperinsulinemia in offspring. Our results illustrate the complexity of interaction between a genetic tendency and its phenotypic expression. We speculate that the degree of beta-adrenergic responsiveness may be a major determinant of the phenotypic differences between the parents and offspring found in this study.  (+info)

S. Christopher Bennett; A statistical study of Rhamphorhynchus from the Solnhofen Limestone of Germany, year-classes of a single large species. Journal of Paleontology ; 69 (3): 569-580. doi: Download citation file:. ...
Josselin Prevost, Nada Bošnjaković-Pavlović, Anne Spasojevic - de Biré. Crystallographic statistical studies of the decavanadate anion: toward a prediction of the non-covalent interactions. XVII Conference of Serbian Crystallographic Society, Jun 2010, Ivajnica, Serbia. ⟨hal-02300972⟩ ...
The local environment of the geographical origin of plants shaped their genetic variations through environmental adaptation. While the characteristics of the local environment correlate with the genotypes and other genomic features of the plants, they can also be indicative of genotype-phenotype associations providing additional information relevant to environmental dependence. In this study, we investigate how the geoclimatic features from the geographical origin of the |i|Arabidopsis thaliana|/i| accessions can be integrated with genomic features for phenotype prediction and association analysis using advanced canonical correlation analysis (CCA). In particular, we propose a novel method called hierarchical canonical correlation analysis (HCCA) to combine mutations, gene expressions, and DNA methylations with geoclimatic features for informative coprojections of the features. HCCA uses a condition number of the cross-covariance between pairs of datasets to infer a hierarchical structure for applying
Toxicological Principles for the Safety Assessment of Food Ingredients - Chapter IV.B.4. Statistical Considerations in Toxicity Studies
Course dates: 3 weeks in July. Epidemiological research has become an important tool in the study of the aetiology and natural history of infectious and non-infectious diseases, and in assessing health effects in populations. This is a three week concentrated course on the basic principles and methods of epidemiology and medical statistics. The emphasis will be on the design and interpretation of epidemiological studies. Appropriate statistical methods will be integrated with the main epidemiological content, and practical sessions will make use of relevant computer software.. The course is relevant to clinicians and other graduates who work in medical research units, academic departments or health services. No previous formal training in epidemiology or statistics is required. Those who are confident in these methods may prefer to consider the Advanced Course in Epidemiological Analysis in September.. ...
It has been previously shown that, when both acoustic and articulatory training data are available, it is possible to improve phonetic recognition accuracy by learning acoustic features from this multi-view data with canonical correlation analysis (CCA). In contrast with previous work based on linear or kernel CCA, we use the recently proposed deep CCA, where the functional form of the feature mapping is a deep neural network. We apply the approach on a speaker-independent phonetic recognition task using data from the University of Wisconsin X-ray Microbeam Database. Using a tandem-style recognizer on this task, deep CCA features improve over earlier multi-view approaches as well as over articulatory inversion and typical neural network-based tandem features. We also present a new stochastic training approach for deep CCA, which produces both faster training and better-performing features ...
Canonical correlation analysis (CCA) is a well-known technique used to characterize the relationship between two sets of multidimensional variables by finding linear combinations of variables with...
This course fundamentally deepened my understanding of statistics and studies. I will certainly apply the knowledge gained as often as possible. Absolutely vital course for understanding basic epidemiology, studies and statistics. I would recommend that everyone get a copy of the textbook before class though. It complements the ActivEpi CD extremely well.. ...
When different forms of statistical studies, and different approaches in the study of one disease, lead to a similar set of deductions, the validity of the deductions assumes a greater weight and significance. The importance of the summation of the evidence is well illustrated in the evaluation of different statistical studies of cancer of the lung and the reasonable conclusion t h a t its main cause is cigarette smoking (see Chapter IX). Another meaningful illustration of the usefulness of statistical methods may be seen in records of epidermoid cancer of the skin. In benign ulcer, there is complete destruction of muscle in the floor; and the muscularis mucosae is fused with the muscular layer at the edge of the ulcer. I n malignancy arising de novo, muscle remnants are left in the base, and there is no fusion a t the margins ; if a malignant ulcer has no muscle in its base, it may have been preceded by a peptic ulcer. 2. In benign ulcer, there is dense fibrosis underlying granulation tissue in ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
On November 12-13, 1999, an international workshop was held in Heidelberg on the relation between mobile telephones and tumors of the brain, head, and neck. Organized by the Department of Environmental Epidemiology of the German Cancer Research Center, the Institute of Medical Statistics and Documentation of the University of Mainz, and the Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics of the University of Bielefeld, the workshop aimed to summarize present knowledge of the health effects of mobile telephones, to report on current research activities, and to present results from a pilot-study from Germany to guide further research activities. Scientists from various European countries, the USA, and New Zealand; representatives of district and country authorities; and employees of different telephone companies participated in the workshop.. Kenneth Rothman (USA), the first speaker, summarized results from epidemiologic studies that examined the risk of cancer for amateur radio operators, ...
The output window contains additional tables, as shown in Figure 28.5. The figure displays the likelihood ratios and associated statistics for testing the hypothesis that the canonical correlations in the current row and all that follow are zero. The first approximate F value of 30.80 corresponds to the test that all canonical correlations are zero. Since the p-value is small, you can reject the null hypothesis at the 95% level. Similarly, the second approximate F value of 29.50 corresponds to the test that the second canonical correlation is zero. This test also rejects the hypothesis. Several multivariate statistics and F test approximations are also provided. These statistics test the null hypothesis that all canonical correlations are zero. The small p-values for these tests (, 0.0001) are evidence for rejecting the null hypothesis. ...
The Institute for Statistics Education at is the leading provider of online courses in statistics and data science, offering over 100 courses in introductory and advanced topics in analytics, programming and statistics. Students from around the world study with leading authorities via private discussion boards on flexible schedules. Teaching assistants provide individual feedback on practical exercises. The Institute offers CEUs, records of course completion, and certificate programs in advanced statistical study.
In 1950 Wyndor, with the help of his teacher Dr. Graham, collected questionnaires regarding smoking habits from hospital patients and concluded that lung cancer was associated with smoking. This belief was supported by prospective and retrospective studies by the well-known statisticians Richard Dole and Bradford Hill. As Brandt observes these new kind of studies were originated in the attempt to show that smoking caused lung cancer. Neither source discusses in any detail the reasons that the two famous statisticians Joseph Berkson in the US and R.A Fisher in the UK were not convinced that smoking caused lung cancer. Berkson explained his reasons in his article: Smoking and lung cancer: some observations on two recent reports. J Am Stat Assoc 1958;53:28-38. Here he argues that causation cannot be concluded from statistical studies which do not deal with laboratory experiments or placebo-controlled clinical trials. He is also concerned that the studies upon which causation is concluded found an ...
In 1950 Wyndor, with the help of his teacher Dr. Graham, collected questionnaires regarding smoking habits from hospital patients and concluded that lung cancer was associated with smoking. This belief was supported by prospective and retrospective studies by the well-known statisticians Richard Dole and Bradford Hill. As Brandt observes these new kind of studies were originated in the attempt to show that smoking caused lung cancer. Neither source discusses in any detail the reasons that the two famous statisticians Joseph Berkson in the US and R.A Fisher in the UK were not convinced that smoking caused lung cancer. Berkson explained his reasons in his article: Smoking and lung cancer: some observations on two recent reports. J Am Stat Assoc 1958;53:28-38. Here he argues that causation cannot be concluded from statistical studies which do not deal with laboratory experiments or placebo-controlled clinical trials. He is also concerned that the studies upon which causation is concluded found an ...
Downloadable! In the context of the Beckerian theory of marriage, when men and women match on a single-dimensional index that is the weighted sum of their respective multi- variate attributes, many papers in the literature have used linear canonical correlation, and related techniques, in order to estimate these weights. We argue that this estimation technique is inconsistent and suggest some solutions.
THE MEDIA FREQUENTLY report on examples of situations in which results from statistical studies are not reproducible. A recent article in the New York Times reported how a sophisticated study went wrong because of poor data quality.
Links for you: Does the standard alpha of 0.05 already incorporate misuse of statistics? Philip Pilkington: Defrocking Reinhart and Rogoff - Controversy Ignores Fundamental Issues in the Use and Abuse of Statistical Studies Yet More Fun With Reinhart and Rogoff The Homeland is the Battlefield DC City Council Will Hire Law Firm to Reform Schools…
In the October Research column, I reviewed some of the background considerations for ICRs recently-concluded RATE project (Radioisotopes and the Age of The Earth). The primary hypothesis developed for the research phase of RATE was that accelerated decay could resolve the apparent conflict between the clear statements of Scripture that indicate only thousands of years since Creation and the large amount of nuclear decay in earths rocks that implies billions of years.. Details of the research and findings that support this theory may be found in the final reports of RATE: Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth, Volume II and the book by Dr. Don DeYoung titled Thousands…Not Billions. In this column I would like to briefly discuss one portion of the RATE research project that didnt receive as much attention as I believe it deserves.. Dr. Steven Boyd of The Masters College conducted a statistical study on the historicity of Genesis 1:1-2:3 as a part of the RATE project. Since the RATE ...
Additionally if you are using statistics to fit bikes you might be missing something in the unique needs of that cyclist .Statistical Studies are great for overviews. Bike fitting is much more about the needs of the person being fitted an the relationship to the bike selected .im not saying dont collect data. there is much to be learned from it ...
In addition to all the problems of designing good measurement instruments (especially when people are involved), each type of study has its own pitfalls to avoid. Proper statistical design of these studies will take these into account. A good report of a statistical study should convince you that this has been done ...
Reader, Division of Population Medicine, Cardiff University - Cited by 1,864 - Medical statistics - Causal inference - Missing data
Köp böcker inom Medicinsk utrustning & medicinska tekniker: Nursing Research; Meta-Analysis in Stata; Medical Statistics at a Glance m.fl.
Applied Statistics Stata assignment help & homework + project assistance Applied Statistics Assignment Help Introduction Applied Statistics Advanced/applied statistics consists of innovative subjects in statistics such as Decisi
Free Essay: Introduction Assumption/Hypothesis Confirm a common assumption about data statistics: data statistics are accurate in calculation but can be...
Basic Statistics Assignment Help, characteristic, 1. Mention the characteristics of Statistics. Explain any two applications of Statistics.
Free statistics help forum. Discuss statistical research, data analysis, statistics homework questions, R, SAS, Stata, SPSS, and more.
Free statistics help forum. Discuss statistical research, data analysis, statistics homework questions, R, SAS, Stata, SPSS, and more.
Statistical Analysis & SPSS Statistics Projects for £20 - £250. SPSS report+exercise. Any info and instructions are attached. ...
WinnaLotto is a comprehensive Lotto and Keno statistics application WinnaLotto is able to handle the analysis of numbers from 1 to 80 inclusive with a draw size from 1 to 20 numbers It can analyse individual numbers or pair and triple
Advanced Statistics Assignment Help, Describe longini koopman model, Longini Koopman model : In epidemiology the model for primary and secondary infection, based on the classification of the extra-binomial variation in an infection rate which might arise due to clustering of the infected individual within the househ
চিকাগো বিশ্বোবিদ্যালয়ের statistics শিক্ষক স্টিফেন স্টিগলার, ১৯৮০ সালে প্রোকাশিতো বোই stiglers law of eponyms-এ উপোরোক্ত বিষয়ে বিস্তারিতো বর্ণোনা দ্যান।[১] তিনি রবার্ট মার্টন, হুবার্ট কেনেডি, মার্ক টোয়েন, কার্ল বোয়ের, বাবা জর্জ স্টিগলার etc.দের দ্বারা ওনুপ্রানিতো হয়ে এটি লেখেন। সবার অ্যাকই বক্তব্যো, কাজ করে এ, নাম হয় ওর। [২] মার্ক তোয়েন বোলেছেন, টেলিগ্রাফ/টেলিফোন/বাষ্পো ...
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inproceedings{ICML-2009-ChaudhuriKLS, author = Kamalika Chaudhuri and Sham M. Kakade and Karen Livescu and Karthik Sridharan, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Machine Learning}, doi = 10.1145/1553374.1553391, isbn = 978-1-60558-516-1, pages = 129--136, publisher = {ACM}, series = {ACM International Conference Proceeding Series}, title = {Multi-view clustering via canonical correlation analysis}, volume = 382, year = 2009 ...
Surveying the literature, the frequency distribution of single-locus heterozygosity among protein loci was examined in 95 vertebrate and 34 invertebrate species with the aim of testing the validity of the mutation-drift hypothesis. This distribution did not differ significantly from that expected under the mutation-drift hypothesis for any of the species examined when tested by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov goodness-of-fit statistic. The agreement between the observed interlocus variance of heterozygosity and its theoretical expectation was also satisfactory. There was an indication that variation in the mutation rate among loci inflates the interlocus variance of heterozygosity. The variance of heterozygosity for a homologous locus among different species was also studied. This variance generally agreed with the theoretical value very well, though in some groups of Drosophila species there was a significant discrepancy. The observed relationship between average heterozygosity and the proportion of ...
Codon degeneracy and codon usage by organisms is an interesting and challenging problem. Researchers demonstrated the relation between codon usage and various functions or properties of genes and proteins, such as gene regulation, translation rate, translation efficiency, mRNA stability, splicing, and protein domains. Researchers usually represent segments of proteins responsible for specific functions or structures in a family of proteins as sequence patterns or motifs. We asked the question if organisms use the same codons in pattern segments as compared to the rest of the sequence. We used the likelihood ratio test, Pearsons chi-squared test, and mutual information to compare these two codon usages. We showed that codon usage, in segments of genes that code for a given pattern or motif in a group of proteins, varied from the rest of the gene. The codon usage in these segments was not random. Amino acids with larger number of codons used more specific codon ratios in these segments. We studied the
This study was undertaken to determine the frequency of congenital and acquired syphilis of the bones and joints encountered in the routine practice at the Hosp
In response to the newly released U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidance on COVID-19, the Statistics Department at Premier Research has committed to highlighting specific and necessary actionable considerations that directly address key FDA recommendations in the guidance. These considerations call attention to some general actions required to ensure the operational integrity and scientific robustness of clinical trials, especially as we face unusual challenges in trial conduct due to the continuing COVID-19 pandemic.. With the FDA guidance allowing some flexibility in trial procedures, including protocol modifications, study teams should engage the project statistician regarding these changes, in order to effectively assess the level of impact on the trial robustness pertaining to the primary and key secondary efficacy objectives, study power, and the analysis strategy.. Additionally, the guidance specifically notes that a separate listing of all trial participants who were affected ... - (4E 1989; both b... Statistics Made Easy ...
Mukherjee, B., Ko, Y-A., VanderWeele, T., Roy, A., Park, S.K., Chen, J. Principal interactions analysis for repeated measures data: application to gene-gene and gene-environment interactions.. Many existing cohorts with longitudinal data on environmental exposures, occupational history, lifestyle/ behavioral characteristics, and health outcomes have collected genetic data in recent years. In this paper, we consider the problem of modeling gene-gene and gene-environment interactions with repeated measures data on a quantitative trait. We review possibilities of using classical models proposed by Tukey (1949) and Mandel (1961) using the cell means of a two-way classification array for such data. Although these models are effective for detecting interactions in the presence of main effects, they fail miserably if the interaction structure is misspecified. We explore a more robust class of interaction models that are based on a singular value decomposition of the cell-means residual matrix after ...
Mukherjee, B., Ko, Y-A., VanderWeele, T., Roy, A., Park, S.K., Chen, J. Principal interactions analysis for repeated measures data: application to gene-gene and gene-environment interactions.. Many existing cohorts with longitudinal data on environmental exposures, occupational history, lifestyle/ behavioral characteristics, and health outcomes have collected genetic data in recent years. In this paper, we consider the problem of modeling gene-gene and gene-environment interactions with repeated measures data on a quantitative trait. We review possibilities of using classical models proposed by Tukey (1949) and Mandel (1961) using the cell means of a two-way classification array for such data. Although these models are effective for detecting interactions in the presence of main effects, they fail miserably if the interaction structure is misspecified. We explore a more robust class of interaction models that are based on a singular value decomposition of the cell-means residual matrix after ...
Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA) is a vital tool and approached used by statisticians and data scientists to analyze various data sets using visual and graphical
Muir Gray, Anne Mackie and Angela Raffle have been at the forefront of achieving improvements in UK screening over recent years, and they bring a wealth of experience to this non-technical introductory guide covering all aspects of screening. As USA expert Gilbert Welch describes it, this book is A readable yet encyclopaedic guide to screening: its history, its key design elements, its implementation and policy challenges… A must read for clinicians, managers, and policy makers who would like to assist Raffle Mackie and Gray in achieving their goal: to sort out the mess. The first four chapters deal with concepts, methods and evidence, explaining what screening is and how it is evaluated. Chapters five to eight describe practical aspects, for example how to make policy, and how to deliver screening to a high standard. The book includes numerous examples and real-life case histories, giving important reminders of the need to be vigilant for the hidden influence of commercial incentives and ... ...
Lesson period: Second semester (In case of multiple editions, please check the period, as it may vary) Lessons timetable Assessment methods: ...
No one is really sure, but we think there are 400,000-500,000 piano teachers in our country, and a comparable proportion of instructors of voice and other instruments. How many of them belong to a professional organization? MTNA has about 24,000 members.. What are all the rest of those teachers doing? You may think you know, when you get a call from a transfer student who has been studying for five years and has never learned to read music. Or has been sitting on a simplified arrangement of Für Elise without progressing past the first page. In our travels, we have found that this is not the whole story. There are many fine teachers who have not yet been convinced of the benefits of association.. Recent statistical studies show us that the American public is supportive of music study. According to a poll taken by the Gallop Organization, American Attitudes Toward Music (March 2003), the overwhelming majority-from 79 percent to 98 percent of those queried, depending on the specific ...
By conducting statistical studies of the way genetic traits are passed on in fruit flies, Thomas Hunt Morgan broke new ground in genetics during the first decade of the 20th century. His work confirmed that genes are stored in chromosomes inside cell nuclei. He came to understand that genes are organized in a long row inside chromosomes and how traits related to each other correspond to genes that lie close to one another on the chromosomes. He also discovered the crossover phenomenon, in which parts of different chromosomes can trade places with one another.. ...
Spiritual Demography (from prefix demo- from Ancient Greek δῆμος dēmos meaning the people, and -graphy from γράφω graphō, implies writing, description or measurement) is the statistical study and analysis of populations according to the criterium of Spiritual Life. Spiritual Demographics are quantifiable spiritual characteristics of a given population.
John Graunt |John Graunt (1620-1674) is considered by many historians to have founded the |science of demography, the statistical study of human populations.
context:, about: [ { id:, inDefinedTermSet:, type: DefinedTerm } ], amount: { currency: USD, type: MonetaryAmount, value: 36999499 }, description: DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The Childrens Oncology Group (COG) Statistics and Data Center (SDC), collaborates with the COG membership to design, conduct analyze and report the results of clinical trials of the treatment of childhood cancers and associated, laboratory-based, companion studies of the biology of these malignancies. Specifically, COG SDC personnel: Participate in the setting and evaluation of COG research priorities; collaborate in the development of study concepts and protocols. In particular, members of the SDC develop the studys statistical considerations; collaborate in the development and implementation of the ...
The sensitivity of a LightCycler® 2.0 Instrument experiment depends on several factors that are common to all conventional PCRs (i.e., the quality of template, primer design, reaction conditions).. Experiments have shown that, under optimal conditions, PCR can detect a single-copy gene in 3 pg of human genomic DNA (approximately one human genome equivalent). At this concentration, statistical considerations significantly affect assay sensitivity and reproducibility. According to a Poisson distribution, the probability that a target is actually present in a given sample is approximately 67%.. Other types of DNA, such as plasmid DNA, are detectable when 1 - 10 copies are present in a sample.. ...
Joao Dürr. Analytical and statistical consideration on the use of the ISAG-ICAR-SNP panel for parentage control, genotyped with the Illumina bead chip technology, exemplified on the German Holstein (HF) population (Presentation as PDF │Full manuscript ...
STATISTICAL CONSIDERATIONS IN POSTMARKETING SAFETY EVALUATION A. Lawrence Gould Merck Research Laboratories West Point, PA [[email protected]] FDA/Industry Workshop 29 September 2006 Washington, DC. OVERVIEW. Spontaneous AE Reports. Slideshow 3345038 by amandla
Washington, D.C.?] : War Department, Office of the Surgeon General, Medical Statistics Division, Statistical Analysis Branch, ...
As a researcher, you need to capture and analyze a lot of data. Often, researchers get confused between different methods of data analysis and how they can go about using them. To help you better, we have invited an experienced biostatistician to simplify statistical analysis for you. In a two-part series, Prof. Jo Røislien, professor of medical statistics at the Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Stavanger, will take you through some common methods of statistical analysis.
HDBIG-SR: An HDBIG toolkit for sparse regression with a few regularization terms, including lasso, elastic net, L21 norm, group L21 norm, and network guided L21 norm.. HDBIG-SCCA: An HDBIG toolkit for sparse association discovery with a knowledge-guided regularization term. HDBIG-S2CCA: An HDBIG toolkit for structured sparse association discovery with a few Sparse Canonical Correlation Analysis (SCCA) models, including the structure-aware SCCA model (S2CCA), the GraphNet SCCA model (GN-SCCA), the Graph OSCAR SCCA (GOSC-SCCA) model, and the Absolute value based GraphNet SCCA model (AGN-SCCA). HDBIG-SCCA-NC: An HDBIG toolkit for structured sparse association discovery with a generic non-convex penalty. HDBIG-S2CCA-TLP: An HDBIG toolkit for structured sparse association discovery with a truncated l1-norm penalty. HDBIG-IGEA: An HDBIG toolkit for mining high-level imaging genetic associations via applying enrichment analysis to two dimensional imaging genetic modules. HDBIG-NWAS-RP: An HDBIG toolkit ...
To pass the examination of the Medical Statistics module, students will have to demonstrate that they have learned the knowledge of the topics they are planning and the ability to apply the statistics to clinical data in an appropriate way ...
Hepatitis Virus (HBV, HCV, HAV, and HEV), epidemiology, disease control and prevention, theoretical epidemiology (Bayes and Markov), immune analysis of virus, effectiveness evaluation of cancer screening, blood programme and blood donation promotion, big data analysis and data health, medical statistics, global ...
Washington, D.C.?] : War Department, Office of the Surgeon General, Medical Statistics Division, Statistical Analysis Branch, ...
The Psychonomic Society (PS) ado pted New Statistical Guidelines for Journals of the Psychonomic Society in November 2012. To evaluate changes in statistical re porting within and outside PS journals,
The Psychonomic Society (PS) ado pted New Statistical Guidelines for Journals of the Psychonomic Society in November 2012. To evaluate changes in statistical re porting within and outside PS journals,
Describe the correct statistical procedures for analysis for this question: How satisfied are users of the XYZ program with the service they have received? Include reference and page.
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Statistics is the study of the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data. In applying statistics to, e.g., a scientific, industrial, or societal problem, it is conventional to begin with a statistical population or a statistical model process to be studied. Populations can be diverse topics such as all persons living in a country or every atom composing a crystal. Statistics deals with all aspects of data including the planning of data collection in terms of the design of surveys and experiments. ...
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To Standardize a variables, you take the variable value and you divide it by the standard deviation of that variable over all the observations. See Statistics - Z Score (Zero Mean) or Standard Score A standardize variable makes the variable and their coefficients comparable when they have different unit. ...
Free AP Statistics flashcards - Statistical Patterns and Random Phenomena - Probability. Work through hundreds of free flashcards and see your grades and test s
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Inhalants are one of the easiest types of drug experiences that is available to kids and young adults today. Because of this, it tends to be the drug … [Read more...] about 18 Amazing Huffing Statistics ...
Statistics for gadgetblog, Gadget e regali particolari- oggetti e gadget tecnologici, By: Feedage Forager, ID: 545570, Grade: 90, Type: RSS20
1. Compute the mean, median, and mode for each of the following distributions. A B C D 3 2 1 2 3 2 3 3 4 2 3 4 6 5 3 4 7 5 5 4 8 7 5 5 10 7 8 7 8 8 8 10 8 8 11 9 11 2. I grew up in a very tiny town in the Midwestern United.
Homoscedasticity means that the distances (the residuals) between the dot and the line are not related to the variable plotted on the X axis (they are not a function of X, they are then random) ...
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Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations". Archived from the ... Statistics Canada. October 31, 2008. Retrieved July 30, 2011.. *^ "Heinz closes Leamington plant, 740 people out of work". cbc. ... Statistics Canada. Retrieved January 24, 2019.. *^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 3, 2013. Retrieved ... "Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population. March 13, 2007. Archived from the original on September 12, 2007. Retrieved March ...
"H1N1 Flu - Statistics". "1 Sample in Indiana Confirmed for Swine Flu". Retrieved April 28, ... "Topic Galleries". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on April 29, 2009. Retrieved May 20, 2009. "3rd Swine Flu Death ... Reporting of aggregate statistics ended between 21 and 28 October, 2009 were "impractical because of the large number of people ... "Statistics" (archived version of dynamic web page). H1N1 flu. Illinois Department of Public Health. August 12, 2009. Retrieved ...
Statistics Can Display More up-to-Date Data Than Referenced in the. "Topic: Macao". Statista. Retrieved 2020-11-15. Zhang, Jie ... Beijing: China Statistics Print. ISBN 978-7-5037-6659-6. cycles, This text provides general information Statista assumes no ...
"Topic Galleries". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 16, 2010.[permanent dead link] "Gabe Kapler Split Statistics". July ... "Gabe Kapler Stats, Fantasy & News," "Astros select Fields, Freiman in Major League portion of Rule 5 Draft". ... "Gabe Kapler Stats," Baseball Reference. [1], Detroit Free Press. Tigers' Matt Joyce makes history with home runs at the Wayback ... "Gabe Kapler Stats, Fantasy & News". Retrieved October 30, 2017. Gene Frenette (June 15, 1998). "Kapler Has Become Suns ...
"2006 Census release topics". Statistics Canada. Retrieved January 16, 2011.. *^ James Hollifield; Philip Martin; Pia Orrenius ( ... Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Canadian Identity, 2013".. *^ "The Health of Canadians - The Federal Role". 17.2 ... A 2013 Statistics Canada survey found that an "overwhelming majority" of Canadians shared the values of human rights (with 92% ...
"2013 Census totals by topic". Retrieved 2019-05-28.. ...
Statistics Can Display More up-to-Date Data Than Referenced in the. "Topic: Social media". Statista. Retrieved 24 January 2021 ... With communities for even very small niches it is possible to find people also interested in a topic and to seek and share ... Blogging involves a website or webpage that is updated in a reverse chronological order on either a topic or a person's life. ... Some signs of community are: Content: articles, information, and news about a topic of interest to a group of people. Forums or ...
Statistics Can Display More up-to-Date Data Than Referenced in the. "Topic: Facebook Messenger". Retrieved ... "Messaging App Usage Statistics Around the World". MessengerPeople. 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2020-04-01. Ling, Rich; Lai, Chih-Hui ... "10 Snapchat Statistics Everyone Should Know in 2020 [Infographic]". Oberlo. 2020-01-03. Retrieved 2020-04-01. "Snapchat - The ...
Statistics by Topic > Population". Retrieved 2021-03-14. Iran portal v t e. ...
Statistics Can Display More up-to-Date Data Than Referenced in the. "Topic: Employment in China". Statista. Retrieved 2020-12- ... Official government statistics show that unemployment in China is unusually low relative to gross domestic product and ...
Chris de Kretser (5 May 1967). "Transfer fee VFA topic". The Sun News-Pictorial. Melbourne. p. 48. "AFL player statistics". ...
"Topic Galleries - South Florida". Archived from the original on June 29, 2009. Retrieved August 1, 2010. " ... "TOTAL PASSENGERS (ARRIVING + DEPARTING) - Monthly Stats" (PDF). December 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on ... "Topic Galleries". Retrieved December 18, 2012.[permanent dead link] "See "Population and Housing Occupancy ... Broward Legal Directory, ...
"Overview and topics of labour statistics". Statistics and databases. International Labour Organization.. ... CDC NIOSH Workplace Safety and Health Topic. Retrieved 2015-06-15.. *^ a b c d "Work-Related Motor Vehicle Crashes" (PDF). ...
"Tele Topics" (PDF). Radio Daily. June 13, 1950. p. 7. Retrieved 8 February 2015.. ... "Cassidy statistics in Evening Post 14 March 1940 page 20". National Library of New Zealand. 18 August 2017.. ...
Signup or change full name /Stats . . . . . . . . Display Relay statistics /Summon @. . . Invite user to Relay /Topic . . . . ... Topic for your channel /Who . . . . Show users and nicknames /WhoIs . . . . . . . .Identify a nickname /LINKS RELAY Version ...
"2013 Census totals by topic". Statistics New Zealand. 10 December 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2014. Compare: Kake, Jade (1 ...
"2013 Census totals by topic". Table 28, 2006 Census Data - QuickStats About Culture and Identity - ... "Table". 2018. Retrieved 2020-10-24. "Table" (PDF). 2013. Retrieved 2020-10-24. "In ...
Statistics Can Display More up-to-Date Data Than Referenced in the. "Topic: Newspaper Industry in Australia". Statista. ...
"2013 Census totals by topic". Retrieved 15 December 2019. Emmanuel, Ninos (18 December 2018). "Assyrians ...
Topic-based tabulations. Statistics Canada. June 12, 2008. Archived from the original on October 18, 2011. Retrieved September ... ISBN 978-0-19-544422-3. Demography and statistics Canada Year Book (CYB) annual 1867-1967. Statistics Canada. 2008. Carment, ... PDF "Statistics, Regina SK". The Weather Network. Archived from the original on January 5, 2009. Retrieved January 18, 2010. " ... "Employment by Industry". Statistics Canada. January 8, 2009. Archived from the original on May 24, 2011. Retrieved May 23, 2011 ...
"Southwest High". National Center for Education Statistics. Retrieved June 9, 2020. "WISEdash Data Files by Topic". Wisconsin ...
". "Derrick Harden Stats -". "Jason Hardtke Statistics and History -". "Topic ... "Tony Kubek Baseball Stats by Baseball Almanac". "Ray Kuffel Stats -". "Ralph Kurek Stats - Pro- ... "Jim Jodat Stats -". "Mark Jones Stats -". "Joe Just Statistics and History ... 673 "Dick Loepfe Stats -". "Fred Luderus Stats -". "Jerry Lunz Stats - Pro- ...
313 No longer used-formerly Special topics. *314 General statistics of Europe ... 318 General statistics of South America. *319 General statistics of Australasia, Pacific Ocean islands, Atlantic Ocean islands ... 707 Education, research, related topics of fine & decorative arts. *708 Galleries, museums, private collections of fine & ... so a topic like clothing is classed based on its disciplinary treatment (psychological influence of clothing at 155.95, customs ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Stock Cars of 50s & 60s - Stock Car Memories: Darlington-Southern 500 (DVD). Topics ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "NASCAR Statistics for Arden Mounts". Driver Averages. Archived from the original on ...
Topics Entertainment. Driver Ken Spikes Career Statistics at Racing-Reference. ...
"Blackie Pitt complete NASCAR statistics by race type". Fantasy Racing Cheat Sheet. Retrieved 2012-04-23. "Blackie Pitt's final ... Stock Cars of 50s & 60s - Stock Car Memories: Darlington-Southern 500 (DVD). Topics Entertainment. " ... Blackie Pitt driver statistics at Racing-Reference. ...
The federal statistics' product range is divided into 22 topic areas (* only available in German and French): Basics and ... "Federal Statistic Act of 9 October 1992, RS 431.01 (French)". Retrieved 27 August 2013. "FSO - Topics". ... "FSO - Topic 21 Sustainable development". Retrieved 27 August 2013. FSO (ed.): Statistics - A universal language, ... 65) regarding statistics. In 2002 the Charter of Swiss Public Statistics was approved. One of the aims of the Charter is to ...
"Princeton - Season Statistics". Retrieved 2016-03-03. "Princeton announces senior Hans Brase out for ... "Freshman Brase Makes Impact in First Start As Princeton Men's Basketball Defeats Rider , Town Topics". ...
"Airlie". Statistics Canada. November 2, 2016. "Mulmur Township Settlement Areas and Signs" (PDF). Mulmur Township. Archived ... BNA Topics. British North America Philatelic Society. 22 (2): 37-39. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-07-03. Retrieved ...
Lenton KA, Nacamuli RP, Wan DC, Helms JA, Longaker MT (2005). "Cranial suture biology". Current Topics in Developmental Biology ...
"Weather Stats". Greater Houston Convention and Visitors Bureau. Archived from the original on December 30, 2008. Retrieved ... "Weather Stats". Greater Houston Convention and Visitors Bureau. Archived from the original on December 30, 2008. Retrieved ...
The topic of this article may not meet Wikipedia's general notability guideline. Please help to establish notability by citing ... Reunion can also be used to gather family statistics. It allows integration of images and movies into Reunion family files. ... reliable secondary sources that are independent of the topic and provide significant coverage of it beyond a mere trivial ...
Where I am not familiar with a topic I feel it is better to highlight the fact that a link to a dab is present than to get it ... I notice that you create many new player bios and career statistics articles. Your input would be much appreciated. Please give ... On a similar topic, Charles McGrath and Dave McGrath (footballer, born 1872) are almost certainly the same person but I can't ... Such links are usually incorrect, since a disambiguation page is merely a list of unrelated topics with similar titles. (Read ...
According to provisional statistics from the Ministry of Labour, trade unions had a combined membership of 24,601,589 in 2002. ... Please note: What is considered a human right is controversial and not all the topics listed are universally accepted as human ... "Union membership statistics in 24 countries." Monthly Labor Review. 129 (2006): 38+ online ... A modern definition by the Australian Bureau of Statistics states that a trade union is "an organization consisting ...
"Proceedings of the 10th ACM Workshop on Hot Topics in Networks. doi:10.1145/2070562.2070568.. ... and statistics. ...
Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics (343): 1-19. PMID 15188733.. CS1 maint: ref=harv (link). ... teaching includes such topics as doctor-patient communication, ethics, the art of medicine,[96] and engaging in complex ... "National Health Statistics Reports (12): 1-23. PMID 19361005.. CS1 maint: ref=harv (link). ... Arlington, Virginia: Division of Science Resources Statistics, National Science Foundation, US Government. Archived from the ...
In this method, in a backcross, one may calculate a t-statistic to compare the averages of the two marker genotype groups. For ... which provides a so-called F-statistic. The ANOVA approach for QTL mapping has three important weaknesses. First, we do not ...
CPC officials also trained him on topics like dictatorship of the proletariat, class struggles and political purge.[133][135] ...
The clave (/ˈklɑːveɪ, kleɪv/; Spanish: [ˈklaβe])[1] is a rhythmic pattern used as a tool for temporal organization in Afro-Cuban music. It is present in a variety of genres such as Abakuá music, rumba, conga, son, mambo, salsa, songo, timba and Afro-Cuban jazz. The five-stroke clave pattern represents the structural core of many Afro-Cuban rhythms.[2] The clave pattern originated in sub-Saharan African music traditions, where it serves essentially the same function as it does in Cuba. In ethnomusicology, clave is also known as a key pattern,[3][4] guide pattern,[5] phrasing referent,[6] timeline,[7] or asymmetrical timeline.[8] The clave pattern is also found in the African diaspora music of Haitian Vodou drumming, Afro-Brazilian music, African-American music, Louisiana Voodoo drumming, and Afro-Uruguayan music (candombe). The clave pattern (or hambone, as it is known in the United States) is used in North American popular music as a rhythmic motif or simply a form of rhythmic ...
This is a topic category for the topic COVID-19. The main article for this category is COVID-19. ... Statistics. *Cookie statement. *. *. ...
Disambiguation page providing links to topics that could be referred to by the same search term ...
Topics. *Architectural style categories. *Contributing property. *Historic district. *History of the National Register of ... Statistics. *Cookie statement. *. *. ...
Since this topic is still listed on ITN, is this development notable enough to warrant an update to the entry? Aecis Dancing to ... Some news reports have one humorous topic per news report, like the prominent RTL 4. Just because it made the news doesn't mean ...
The question above:I`d appreciate it if you posted as a new topic and included your signatureShyam prasad M nambiar (സംവാദം) 13 ... We may, however, publicly share anonymous statistics about the responses in aggregate form. Wikimedia is a worldwide ...
The Republic of China (ROC) was founded by the Kuomintang (KMT) leader Dr. Sun Yat-sen in 1912. The Kuomintang's prior revolutionary political group, the Revive China Society, was founded on 24 November 1894. It later merged with various other revolutionary groups to form the Tongmenghui in 1905. In August 1911, the Tongmenghui further merged with various other political parties in Beijing to form the KMT. In July 1914, the KMT re-organized itself as the Chinese Revolutionary Party in Tokyo, Japan. In 1919, the party officially renamed itself as Kuomintang of China, which literally translates to Chinese Nationalist Party.[25] It was China's first major political party. In 1921, the Communist Party of China (CPC) was founded by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao in Shanghai as a study society and an informal network. Slowly, the CPC began to grow. These were the two major political parties in China during the time when the ROC ruled mainland China from 1911 to 1949. During the Chinese Civil War, under the ...
Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Ebolavirus and other filoviruses. 315. pp. 363-87. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-70962-6 ... "More or Less behind the stats Ebola". BBC World Service. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 8 October ... Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology 235. Berlin: Springer-Verlag Telos. ISBN 978-3-540-64729-4. .. ...
Related topics. *Meluhha. *Ochre Coloured Pottery culture. *Northern Black Polished Ware. *Painted Grey Ware culture ...
Sacred trees and groves are widely attested among the records of the ancient Germanic peoples. Some scholars hypothesize that they even predated the development of temples (according to Rudolf Simek, "there were sacred woods long before there were temples and altars"[8]). In his Germania, Tacitus says that the Germanic peoples "consecrate woods and groves and they apply the name of gods to that mysterious presence which they see only with the eye of devotion",[9] Tacitus describes the grove of the Semnones and refers to a castum nemus ('chaste grove') in which the image of the goddess Nerthus was hallowed, and other reports from the Roman period also refer to rites held by continental Germanic peoples in groves, including the sacrifices in forest clearings of survivors by the Cherusci after their victory at the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, recounted by Tacitus in his Annals based on a report by Germanicus.[10] Such groves were sometimes dedicated to a particular deity: in addition to the case ...
List of phonetics topics. *Guttural R. *Retracted vowels. NotesEdit. *^ a b Vaux, Bert (1999). "A Note on Pharyngeal Features ...
Statistics[edit]. Reports on re-education through labor have found it difficult to estimate the number of people in re- ... education centers,[7] and nationwide statistics were often unavailable in the past.[17] What data have become available often ...
... or argumentative essay that states a Wikipedia editor's personal feelings or presents an original argument about a topic. ...
Related topics. *Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). *Martin Luther King Jr. Day *passage ...
Wikibooks has a book on the topic of: Transistors. *BBC: Building the digital age photo history of transistors ... Statistics. *Cookie statement. *. *. ...
Topics. Postures (Asanas). *List of asanas. *Standing asanas. *Downward dog. *Lotus position ...
The Wikipedia Reference Desk covering the topic of science.. Science #eee #f5f5f5 #eee #aaa #aaa #aaa #00f #36b #000 #00f ... Provide a short header that gives the general topic of the question. ... Statistics. *Cookie statement. *. *. ...
For the discipline of topology, which topics can be included and excluded? If a topic appears in Munkres' Topology, then one ... Also, statistics isn't universally considered a branch of mathematics. - MarkH21 (talk) 10:18, 15 September 2019 (UTC) Looking ... What should 'big topic' articles like this cover? Is there any thing that you feel is necessary or standard for such articles? ... It looks like we could have an article, or at least a section of an article, on the topic, but the existing draft text would ...
Related topic navboxes. .mw-parser-output .navbar{display:inline;font-size:88%;font-weight:normal}.mw-parser-output .navbar- ... Statistics. *Cookie statement. *. *. ...
topics. *Espionage. *Global surveillance disclosures *Chelsea Manning. *Snowden leaks. *WikiLeaks. *Great Firewall of China * ...
"Times Topics. The New York Times Company. Retrieved November 20, 2010.. *^ Theiss, Evelyn (2005-10-30). "How Kucinich Found ... "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Archived from the original on 2007-12-26. Retrieved ...
Current: Statistics by Topic. Statistics by Topic. Many Indiana State Agencies, U.S. Government Agencies, and other ... Labor Statistics by Topic U.S. Department of Labor *Affirmative Action Statistics - Indiana Department of Workforce Development ... Indiana Statistics Sheet Farmland Information Center *Quick Stats - Agricultural Statistics Data Base National Agricultural ... Performance Metrics & State Statistics Indiana Department of Labor. *Quality, Metrics, & Statistics Indiana Department of Labor ...
Presentations from the National Conference on Health Statistics by Topic. Provided in PowerPoint and PDF ... Eleven Years of the Interchange between Statistics Canada and the National Center for Health Statistics Cdc-pdf. [PDF - 107 KB] ... Vital Statistics. *Birth, Fetal and Infant Mortality Data from the National Vital Statistics System ... Panel Discussion on Future Directions for the U.S. Vital Statistics System Mortality Data * U.S. Vital Statistics Mortality ...
2015 National Conference on Health Statisticsplus icon *Event Informationplus icon *Monday: Learning Instituteplus icon * ... Federal Statistics on Health Insurance Coverage: Technical Meeting on Methods Used in Household Surveys ... 2010 National Conference on Health Statisticsplus icon *Program at a Glance ...
advance the science and practice of assessment, measurement, statistics and educational research ...
This course format, based on the Topics standard format, allows a teacher to specify the foreground and background colours ... Download stats. Total downloads in last 90 days: 55. Downloads by month:. ...
Would you help me with transporting the stats? ... I just imported content from to but I cant see the stats of ... The topic Merge stats of two websites is closed to new replies. ... About This Topic. *Started 11 months by aarohi221. *In: Support ... to, but I cant see the stats of the imported content.. Would you help me with ...
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Migration [e-publication].. ISSN=1797-6782. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 30.9. ... Intramunicipal statistics dating to 1986 and earlier cover only moves from one building or house to another within the same ... Statistics Finland receives information on the changes in place of residence that involve a permanent change of domicile. These ... One person may have several moves during the year in the statistics. Students moves to the location of study can be regarded, ...
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Families [e-publication].. ISSN=1798-3231. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 17.6. ... In the family statistics children comprise all persons, regardless of age, who live with their parents, or the spouses ... Only registered partnerships are recorded in the statistics.. Family status. Family members are grouped by family status as ... In the family statistics children comprise the following persons living with their parents:*biological children, ...
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Financial leasing [e-publication].. ISSN=2343-0982. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [ ... The statistics on financial leasing contain data by sector, industry and object on the financial leasing activities of credit ...
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Households consumption [e-publication].. ISSN=2323-3028. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [ ... Statistics Finlands COICOP handbook can be browsed on the Internet at ... This concept is not formed in the income distribution statistics.. The imputed rent of owner-occupiers was regarded as factor ... In determining the gross rent of ones own dwelling use has been made of Statistics Finlands rent inquiry data and household ...
Home » Press and Events » Statistics » Global Broadband Statistics - Q2 2012. Global Broadband Statistics - Q2 2012 October 16 ... Global Broadband Statistics - Q2 2012. Eastern Europe continues to move up the broadband and IPTV league tables. Key statistics ... "Point Topic has been tracking global shifts in broadband subscriber numbers in every quarter since 1999," commented Oliver ... Copyright © 2017 by Point Topic. All text, graphics, audio files, java applets and scripts, downloadable software, and other ...
Click the button below to view historical syllabi for STATS 449 (UM login required). View Historical Syllabi ... An introduction to biostatistical topics: clinical trials, cohort and case-control studies; experimental versus observational ...
Mathematical Analysis and Applications: Selected Topics. Michael Ruzhansky (Editor), Hemen Dutta (Editor), Ravi P. Agarwal ( ... Mathematical Analysis and Applications: Selected Topics offers the theories, methods, and applications of a variety of targeted ... The authors-a noted team of international researchers in the field- highlight the basic developments for each topic presented ... Presents a wide-range of important topics having current research importance and interdisciplinary applications such as game ...
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Telecommunications [e-publication].. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 30.9.2020]. ... Home , Statistics , Science, Technology and Information Society , Telecommunications , Concepts and definitions Suomeksi P ... In telecommunications statistics, a broadband connection is defined according to the technology (e.g. DSL, cable modem) rather ...
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Bankruptcies [e-publication].. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 25.9.2020].. ...
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Patenting [e-publication].. ISSN=1797-3023. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 15.5. ...
Topics in Nonparametric Statistics by Michael G. Akritas, 9781493945818, available at Book Depository with free delivery ... Topics in Nonparametric Statistics : Proceedings of the First Conference of the International Society for Nonparametric ... The chapters in this volume bring forth recent advances and trends in several areas of nonparametric statistics. In this way, ... The chapters in this volume bring forth recent advances and trends in several areas of nonparametric statistics. In this way, ...
Stats not updating. This forum is for discussions about the Folding team. What is folding? Venture on in for a ... EDIT 2, Because Stanford was on Holiday on the 11th the stats problem wasnt picked up till they came in on the 12th. It seems ... There have been no stats updates for several hours now, WUs are being issued and accepted so its nothing too serious. Im not ... Stats not updating. by Pette Broad » Thu Nov 12, 2009 4:31 am ... So, it could be a few days before you see your stats corrected ...
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Wage and salary indices [e-publication].. ISSN=1798-6125. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [ ... Home , Statistics , Wages, Salaries and Labour Costs , Wage and salary indices , Further information ...
Theres always at least one unformed idea in mind that we can then work from when it comes to topic selection. Contact us today ... Topic Selection. After 22 years of consulting with graduate students about dissertation topic selection, I have never met a ... Additionally, dissertation topics are always feasible on the face of it. In other words, your research certainly needs to fill ... In fact, for those who contend that they must be in love with their topic, you may be spending far too long perfecting the ...
Re: Requiem - Grid Statistic particle: Statistic Numbers display as zeroes Posted 2 months 3 weeks ago ... Re: Requiem - Grid Statistic particle: Statistic Numbers display as zeroes Posted 2 months 3 weeks ago ... Re: Requiem - Grid Statistic particle: Statistic Numbers display as zeroes Posted 2 months 3 weeks ago ... Requiem - Grid Statistic particle: Statistic Numbers display as zeroes Posted 2 months 3 weeks ago ...
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Insurance Activities [e-publication].. ISSN=2341-7625. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [ ...
... statistics and computer science; metabolomics presents unique informatic challenges. For example, chemical diversity demands ... About this Research Topic. It has long been understood that the chemical profiles of biological systems can provide powerful ... About Frontiers Research Topics. With their unique mixes of varied contributions from Original Research to Review Articles, ... Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are ...
My stats are not working anymore. Im not sure what triggered it but it was around the time i upgraded to 3.5.1. The spinning ... You might also want to check your Javascript Console when viewing the Stats page: it could help us understand why Stat dont ... It was the develoment version of qTranslate that was conflicting with Jetpack stats. Now that I have installed the stable ...
VERY tentative, topics may be added/deleted per wishes of class) DATE. Day. Lect. #. Topic. Handouts. ... Selected Statistics Links The StatLib site at the Department of Statistics, Carnegie Mellon University. A collection of fun ... Math/Stats background required: Some knowledge of Calculus and a previous stats course (which introduced covariance, regression ... I assume students have some modest background in statistics and we build on this by discussing a number of topics. The goal of ...
Statistics. On the Statistics page, there is a link to Schema Changes (DDL). This is great information - how do I get it in a ... You cannot post new topics in this forum. You cannot reply to topics in this forum. You cannot edit your posts in this forum. ... Yes, I can see the Statistics page filled with the data. What I would like is a report that will provide this same information ... you should see the Statistics page filled with the data when you click on the Schema Change link. To view historical schema ...
Statistics on rents (quarterly and annual statistics) depict the level of rents in the rental dwelling stock, and quarterly and ... Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Rents of dwellings [e-publication].. ISSN=1798-1018. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [ ...
Re: RAM Usage - Statistics. by makh » 2017-12-07 19:51 Hi. @Head_on_a_Stick: I dont have separate GPU, but I will check this, ... Re: RAM Usage - Statistics. by None1975 » 2017-12-07 13:44 makh wrote:. If I am using openbox, then the system startup to ... Re: RAM Usage - Statistics. by Wheelerof4te » 2017-12-16 20:19 Depending on whether you game or not, 8 or 4GB of RAM will be ... RAM Usage - Statistics. by makh » 2017-12-07 06:20 Hi. Just recalling the old days... probably around 2007:. Gnome would run at ...
... topics List of matrices used in statistics Timeline of probability and statistics List of unsolved problems in statistics Topic ... Outline of statistics Outline of regression analysis Index of statistics articles List of scientific method topics List of ... This article itemizes the various lists of statistics topics. Some of these lists link to hundreds of articles; some link only ... in statistics List of scientific journals in probability List of scientific journals in statistics Comparison of statistics ...
Statistics for NPR Topics- Technology, Latest technology news and breakthroughs in technology, science, and industry. Download ...
  • Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 17.2.2018]. (
  • Griffiths & Steyvers used topic modeling on abstracts from the journal PNAS to identify topics that rose or fell in popularity from 1991 to 2001 whereas Lamba & Madhusushan used topic modeling on full-text research articles retrieved from DJLIT journal from 1981-2018. (
  • You might also want to check your Javascript Console when viewing the Stats page: it could help us understand why Stat don't load. (
  • On the Statistics page, there is a link to Schema Changes (DDL). (
  • If yes and yes, and some changes have been made today, you should see the Statistics page filled with the data when you click on the Schema Change link. (
  • Yes, I can see the Statistics page filled with the data. (
  • Finally, no stats page is complete without knowing where people come from. (
  • When I click on the zero I am no longer taken to the Shares stats page, and the new main stats tab just reloads. (
  • I like the new stats page, and everything else seems to work fine except for this. (
  • As a finishing touch why not make the statistics title link to the stats page, just as the who's online link goes to who's online. (
  • I've tried to sort the US Realm Stats page by clicking on the headers, but the info is not sorting at all. (
  • For a full listing of topics, check out Our Topics Page . (
  • Is there away to remove counting Unguilded for "Guild that has suffered the most at our hands" & "Guild that has killed us the most" on the PVP stats box on the roster index page? (
  • Each topic links to a landing page where you can find out more about what NIST is doing in that research or programmatic area. (
  • Charles Rothwell has been appointed Director of the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), the Nation's principal health statistics agency and a part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (
  • An Actuary is a person who has expertise in the fields of economics, statistics and mathematics and helps in assessing risks and estimation of premiums for insurance firms. (
  • To encourage public awareness, discussion and collaboration at this important scientific frontier, this Frontiers Research Topic therefore aims to provide an encyclopedic reference to the current state of the art in metabolome-related bioinformatics. (
  • Three nationally recognized leaders in the fields of health care research, statistics, and policy will deliver keynote addresses to the 2012 National Conference on Health Statistics, held August 6-8, at the Renaissance Hotel in Washington, D.C. The Conference is a biennial event produced by NCHS. (
  • Data collected through NCHS' National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) and National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used as the foundation for two important studies released this year that have attracted significant national media attention. (
  • Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 30.9.2020]. (
  • I've been a member of different forums and one thing I appreciate is the sort of off-topic subforum. (
  • I just imported content from to , but I can't see the stats of the imported content. (
  • Most content on the NIST web site is "tagged" with a research area or other program topic. (
  • The topic 'new plugin: Visitor Stats Widget' is closed to new replies. (
  • Hey Guys, I've developed a plugin to display advanced statistics, in graph forms. (
  • The version of this plugin that has been released on doesn't make much sense. (
  • Hi, I´ve installed a SSL certificate in my website and Grid statistic particle isn´t worked: numbers display as Zero. (
  • Many Indiana State Agencies, U.S. Government Agencies, and other organizations produce statistical files and publications, and a growing number of them place the statistics on the Internet. (
  • Before the statistical reference year 2011, the income distribution statistics primarily utilised the concept of disposable income. (
  • This course is designed as a lecture course covering various topics in Statistical analysis (see below). (
  • The goal of this course is to provide students with a better feel for statistics and to be much less intimidated by methods of statistical analysis. (
  • We will introduce statistical distributions and computing the statistical power of various designs, matrix algebra useful for statistics and the general linear model, maximum likelihood estimation and testing, Bayesian Statistics, and various resampling and randomization methods. (
  • All the materials will be discussed in the context of computational statistics, including data visualization, statistical modeling, and statistical inference, when appropriate. (
  • Computational statistics or Statistical Machine Learning or permission of instructor. (
  • In machine learning and natural language processing, a topic model is a type of statistical model for discovering the abstract "topics" that occur in a collection of documents. (
  • Topic models are also referred to as probabilistic topic models, which refers to statistical algorithms for discovering the latent semantic structures of an extensive text body. (
  • We've written 1 blog post about Statistics . (
  • We have a 'general discussion' subforum but it just seems to be a catch-all 'this stats question/idea didn't fit anywhere else so I'll post it here' and it doesn't seem like it would be appropriate to post something off topic. (
  • Please post identify stats for other runes so i can update list. (
  • Post your comments on the Denver Post article, Wes Welker in Denver will impact Broncos statistics - his own too (click that link to go back and read the article). (
  • The chapters in this volume bring forth recent advances and trends in several areas of nonparametric statistics. (
  • The conference program included over 250 talks, including special invited talks, plenary talks and contributed talks on all areas of nonparametric statistics. (
  • No new data will be produced from these statistics. (
  • The statistics on financial leasing contain data by sector, industry and object on the financial leasing activities of credit institutions and other lessors. (
  • The concept of disposable income in the Household Budget Survey is based on register data, and does not, differing from the income distribution statistics, include wages and salaries subject withholding tax and tax-free interest income and current transfers between several households (e.g. child maintenance support). (
  • Yet another recommendation I find myself making is that it's sometimes easier to work backwards from the data in selecting a topic. (
  • When the data from that starts going up, we'll be able to derive more accurate fielding stats. (
  • This topic course is mainly for graduate students in Statistics who are interested in computing for big data analysis. (
  • This course covers selected topics on machine learning for big data analysis. (
  • According to data released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) on Wednesday, about one in three homicide offences and sexual assaults were family and domestic violence related last year. (
  • Collectively these resources address why it is important to accurately count marriages and divorces, clarify some of the confusion about what the statistics mean, identify the different sources of this data and associated strengths and limitations, and provide recommendations on how to improve the data. (
  • Each reports their data to the National Center for Health Statistics. (
  • Assessing the Accuracy of State Prisoner Statistics Compares two series of data on characteristics of State prisoners: State prison records and State court records. (
  • Webinar by Dr. Asit K Barma, Director-BIM on the topic 'How can Statistics and Data Analysis help students in Decision Making? (
  • Originally developed as a text-mining tool, topic models have been used to detect instructive structures in data such as genetic information, images, and networks. (
  • Maybe this is the atmosphere that is intended but I was wondering if possibly to build some sense of community either the general discussion subforum could be expanded to include off topic posts or possibly a new subforum could be created. (
  • This one-day workshop will highlight recent developments and research opportunities in topics related to computational statistics using graphics cards and many-core processors. (
  • Developed by David Blei, Andrew Ng, and Michael I. Jordan in 2002, LDA introduces sparse Dirichlet prior distributions over document-topic and topic-word distributions, encoding the intuition that documents cover a small number of topics and that topics often use a small number of words. (
  • The ICT Statistics Review (ICT Review) is a joint project between the Department of Communications' Bureau of Communications Research (BCR) and the Australian Bureau of Statistics. (
  • Machine learning is a branch of applied statistics which aims to bring to bear tools from statistics in the analysis of such large datasets. (
  • Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Births [e-publication]. (
  • Comprised of all births, deaths, terminations of pregnancy, marriages, and divorces recorded locally by third parties at the county/court level, and compiled and consolidated by state agencies and then the National Center for Health Statistics. (
  • BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU Source: Statistics Canada All statistics according to Canada 2016 Census, unless otherwise specified Information taken from the Canada 2001 Census. (
  • Statistics as Topic" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (
  • Written for researchers, graduate students, educators, and practitioners with an interest in mathematical analysis, Mathematical Analysis and Applications: Selected Topics includes the most recent research from a range of mathematical fields. (
  • After 22 years of consulting with graduate students about dissertation topic selection, I have never met a student who simply has no idea of the topic they want to study. (
  • Disclaimer: Any and all stats are what the person thinks of him/her self, and not the others around them in this forum. (
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "Statistics as Topic" by people in Profiles. (
  • Discuss how to create custom stats, reports and HUD profiles and share your creations. (
  • Soy profesora universitaria en Londres y si necesitas ayuda con tutoriales para tareas o essays en estad stica - statistics, Contabilidad - accounting te puedo ayudar. (
  • Essays are one of the important part of writing statistics papers service it be published than for other background charac- teristics. (
  • Other topic models are generally extensions on LDA, such as Pachinko allocation, which improves on LDA by modeling correlations between topics in addition to the word correlations which constitute topics. (
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Statistics as Topic" by people in this website by year, and whether "Statistics as Topic" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (
  • Presents a wide-range of important topics having current research importance and interdisciplinary applications such as game theory, image processing, creation of materials with a desired refraction coefficient, etc. (
  • trust that, for at least one of the brainstormed topics, you will find a gap to justify your research in the end. (
  • All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. (
  • With their unique mixes of varied contributions from Original Research to Review Articles, Research Topics unify the most influential researchers, the latest key findings and historical advances in a hot research area! (
  • Compare it to the file /usr/share/applications/R.desktop it should be possible to generate an entry for R in your wbar that way (with texteditor) good luck and success for your work withanimal research, and it would be perfect if you could keep us posted on any experience with your statistic pupplet! (
  • So at some unspecified future time in the near future all links to Taft statistics will stop working. (
  • Chang and Blei included network information between linked documents in the relational topic model, to model the links between websites. (
  • The authors-a noted team of international researchers in the field- highlight the basic developments for each topic presented and explore the most recent advances made in their area of study. (
  • Statistics on marriage and divorce are of great interest to federal, state, and local public officials, researchers, the business sector, the media, and members of the general public. (
  • Researchers and experts from government, private, and non-profit agencies and organizations collect health statistics. (
  • Topic is little bit tough because I do not know clearly about the statistics essay. (
  • I need some good conclusion tips for the statistics essay. (
  • The ICT Review seeks to identify opportunities to improve ICT statistics, to revise and refine the Australian Government's framework for ongoing assessment of the digital economy, and to improve the coordination and governance of ICT statistics into the future. (
  • Approaches for temporal information include Block and Newman's determination of the temporal dynamics of topics in the Pennsylvania Gazette during 1728-1800. (
  • In the income distribution statistics and in the Household Budget Survey, households' disposable income included all salaries and wages, entrepreneurial income and property income (including imputed rent from owner-occupied dwellings and taxable sales profits from property), benefits in kind and current transfers received, from which sum, current transfers paid were deducted. (
  • This concept is not formed in the income distribution statistics. (
  • The imputed rent of owner-occupiers was regarded as factor income (property income) and imputed rent for a dwelling rented from another household as current transfers received in the income distribution statistics. (
  • In addition, current transfers paid comprise compulsory pension and unemployment insurance premiums and in the income distribution statistics also child maintenance support paid. (
  • The key income distribution statistics concept, disposable income, is arrived at when current transfers paid are deducted from gross income. (
  • Considering we all have lives we want to get back to-i.e., you don't want to feel married to your dissertation- I simply suggest spending 6 months of your life selecting a topic is not the best use of your time. (
  • Health statistics are numbers that summarize information related to health. (
  • They use the statistics to learn about public health and health care. (
  • This course format, based on the 'Topics' standard format, allows a teacher to specify the foreground and background colours for each course section. (
  • Point Topic has been tracking global shifts in broadband subscriber numbers in every quarter since 1999," commented Oliver Johnson, CEO at Point Topic. (
  • PLEASE include me in your nightly media emails when you send out game final stats each week. (
  • I've looked through the reports in the Reports menu, and I'm not finding one that seems to provide the same information that's provided in Summary Statistics Schema Changes DDL. (
  • We also would like to thank the Administration for Children and Families, Office of Financial Assistance for their support in the preparation of this Collection by Topic. (
  • Yang, Torget and Mihalcea applied topic modeling methods to newspapers from 1829-2008. (
  • Hierarchical latent tree analysis (HLTA) is an alternative to LDA, which models word co-occurrence using a tree of latent variables and the states of the latent variables, which correspond to soft clusters of documents, are interpreted as topics. (
  • In fact, many students have too many ideas-let's call them unformed topics-but, in my experience, they always have at least one unformed topic in mind that we can then work from. (
  • Now, if I can provide just one more piece of advice when it comes to developing a dissertation topic, it's that students should not be too picky. (
  • I assume students have some modest background in statistics and we build on this by discussing a number of topics. (
  • This is for beginning statistics students who are not programmers. (
  • I know this sounds counter-intuitive, but recognize that once you select a topic, you can pretty much always find a rationale for conducting your study (e.g., by using a different sample, a different instrument, or a different location). (