Reward: An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.Horses: Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.Games, Experimental: Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.Horse Diseases: Diseases of domestic and wild horses of the species Equus caballus.Choice Behavior: The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Whistleblowing: The reporting of observed or suspected PROFESSIONAL MISCONDUCT or incompetence to appropriate authorities or to the public.Physical Conditioning, Animal: Diet modification and physical exercise to improve the ability of animals to perform physical activities.Carpus, Animal: The region corresponding to the human WRIST in non-human ANIMALS.Guaifenesin: An expectorant that also has some muscle relaxing action. It is used in many cough preparations.Volleyball: A team sport in which two teams hit an inflated ball back and forth over a high net using their hands.Breast Self-Examination: The inspection of one's breasts, usually for signs of disease, especially neoplastic disease.Leadership: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.Metacarpus: The region of the HAND between the WRIST and the FINGERS.Colic: A clinical syndrome with intermittent abdominal pain characterized by sudden onset and cessation that is commonly seen in infants. It is usually associated with obstruction of the INTESTINES; of the CYSTIC DUCT; or of the URINARY TRACT.Fecal Impaction: Formation of a firm impassable mass of stool in the RECTUM or distal COLON.Phosphofructokinases: Allosteric enzymes that regulate glycolysis and gluconeogenesis. These enzymes catalyze phosphorylation of fructose-6-phosphate to either fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (PHOSPHOFRUCTOKINASE-1 reaction), or to fructose-2,6-bisphosphate (PHOSPHOFRUCTOKINASE-2 reaction).United StatesOrganizational Innovation: Introduction of changes which are new to the organization and are created by management.Running: An activity in which the body is propelled by moving the legs rapidly. Running is performed at a moderate to rapid pace and should be differentiated from JOGGING, which is performed at a much slower pace.Hoof and Claw: Highly keratinized processes that are sharp and curved, or flat with pointed margins. They are found especially at the end of the limbs in certain animals.Strongylus: A genus of intestinal parasitic nematodes occurring in animals and man.Quality Improvement: The attainment or process of attaining a new level of performance or quality.Metacarpal Bones: The five cylindrical bones of the METACARPUS, articulating with the CARPAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF FINGERS distally.Breeding: The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.Rhabditida Infections: Infections with nematodes of the order RHABDITIDA.Physical Exertion: Expenditure of energy during PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.Streptococcus equi: A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from abscesses in submaxillary glands and mucopurulent discharges of the upper respiratory tract of horses. This organism belongs to Group C streptococci with regards to antigen response and is known to cause strangles. The subspecies S. zooepidemicus is also considered a pathogen of horses.Rhodococcus equi: A species of RHODOCOCCUS found in soil, herbivore dung, and in the intestinal tract of cows, horses, sheep, and pigs. It causes bronchopneumonia in foals and can be responsible for infection in humans compromised by immunosuppressive drug therapy, lymphoma, or AIDS.Tripelennamine: A histamine H1 antagonist with low sedative action but frequent gastrointestinal irritation. It is used to treat ASTHMA; HAY FEVER; URTICARIA; and RHINITIS; and also in veterinary applications. Tripelennamine is administered by various routes, including topically.Inservice Training: On the job training programs for personnel carried out within an institution or agency. It includes orientation programs.Diffusion of Innovation: The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.Safety Management: The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.Myostatin: A growth differentiation factor that is a potent inhibitor of SKELETAL MUSCLE growth. It may play a role in the regulation of MYOGENESIS and in muscle maintenance during adulthood.Cestode Infections: Infections with true tapeworms of the helminth subclass CESTODA.Actinomycetales Infections: Infections with bacteria of the order ACTINOMYCETALES.Ambroxol: A metabolite of BROMHEXINE that stimulates mucociliary action and clears the air passages in the respiratory tract. It is usually administered as the hydrochloride.Cestoda: A subclass of segmented worms comprising the tapeworms.Sports: Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.ColoradoProgram Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Patient Care Team: Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Rhabdomyolysis: Necrosis or disintegration of skeletal muscle often followed by myoglobinuria.Taylorella equigenitalis: A species of bacteria which is comprised of gram-negative rods which often approach a spherical shape. They are nonmotile and microaerophilic. They are considered parasites of horses and are pathogenic for mares. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)Lactic Acid: A normal intermediate in the fermentation (oxidation, metabolism) of sugar. The concentrated form is used internally to prevent gastrointestinal fermentation. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Forelimb: A front limb of a quadruped. (The Random House College Dictionary, 1980)Conditioning, Operant: Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.Anticipation, Psychological: The ability to foresee what is likely to happen on the basis of past experience. It is largely a frontal lobe function.Abortion, Veterinary: Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Nucleus Accumbens: Collection of pleomorphic cells in the caudal part of the anterior horn of the LATERAL VENTRICLE, in the region of the OLFACTORY TUBERCLE, lying between the head of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and the ANTERIOR PERFORATED SUBSTANCE. It is part of the so-called VENTRAL STRIATUM, a composite structure considered part of the BASAL GANGLIA.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Endoscopy: Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.Korea: Former kingdom, located on Korea Peninsula between Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea on east coast of Asia. In 1948, the kingdom ceased and two independent countries were formed, divided by the 38th parallel.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Reinforcement (Psychology): The strengthening of a conditioned response.Self Stimulation: Stimulation of the brain, which is self-administered. The stimulation may result in negative or positive reinforcement.Oxygen: An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Punishment: The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Pulmonary Circulation: The circulation of the BLOOD through the LUNGS.Succinate Dehydrogenase: A flavoprotein containing oxidoreductase that catalyzes the dehydrogenation of SUCCINATE to fumarate. In most eukaryotic organisms this enzyme is a component of mitochondrial electron transport complex II.Dopamine: One of the catecholamine NEUROTRANSMITTERS in the brain. It is derived from TYROSINE and is the precursor to NOREPINEPHRINE and EPINEPHRINE. Dopamine is a major transmitter in the extrapyramidal system of the brain, and important in regulating movement. A family of receptors (RECEPTORS, DOPAMINE) mediate its action.Pulmonary Wedge Pressure: The blood pressure as recorded after wedging a CATHETER in a small PULMONARY ARTERY; believed to reflect the PRESSURE in the pulmonary CAPILLARIES.Body Temperature: The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.Impulsive Behavior: An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Probability Learning: Usually refers to the use of mathematical models in the prediction of learning to perform tasks based on the theory of probability applied to responses; it may also refer to the frequency of occurrence of the responses observed in the particular study.Hemorrhage: Bleeding or escape of blood from a vessel.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Basal Ganglia: Large subcortical nuclear masses derived from the telencephalon and located in the basal regions of the cerebral hemispheres.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Anoxia: Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Prefrontal Cortex: The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.Rats, Long-Evans: An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.Conditioning (Psychology): A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.Ventral Tegmental Area: A region in the MESENCEPHALON which is dorsomedial to the SUBSTANTIA NIGRA and ventral to the RED NUCLEUS. The mesocortical and mesolimbic dopaminergic systems originate here, including an important projection to the NUCLEUS ACCUMBENS. Overactivity of the cells in this area has been suspected to contribute to the positive symptoms of SCHIZOPHRENIA.Feedback, Psychological: A mechanism of information stimulus and response that may control subsequent behavior, cognition, perception, or performance. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Conditioning, Classical: Learning that takes place when a conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Cocaine: An alkaloid ester extracted from the leaves of plants including coca. It is a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor and is clinically used for that purpose, particularly in the eye, ear, nose, and throat. It also has powerful central nervous system effects similar to the amphetamines and is a drug of abuse. Cocaine, like amphetamines, acts by multiple mechanisms on brain catecholaminergic neurons; the mechanism of its reinforcing effects is thought to involve inhibition of dopamine uptake.Reinforcement Schedule: A schedule prescribing when the subject is to be reinforced or rewarded in terms of temporal interval in psychological experiments. The schedule may be continuous or intermittent.Drive: A state of internal activity of an organism that is a necessary condition before a given stimulus will elicit a class of responses; e.g., a certain level of hunger (drive) must be present before food will elicit an eating response.Association Learning: The principle that items experienced together enter into a connection, so that one tends to reinstate the other.Animals, Newborn: Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.Gambling: An activity distinguished primarily by an element of risk in trying to obtain a desired goal, e.g., playing a game of chance for money.Blood Proteins: Proteins that are present in blood serum, including SERUM ALBUMIN; BLOOD COAGULATION FACTORS; and many other types of proteins.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Behavior, Addictive: The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.Food Preferences: The selection of one food over another.Corpus Striatum: Striped GRAY MATTER and WHITE MATTER consisting of the NEOSTRIATUM and paleostriatum (GLOBUS PALLIDUS). It is located in front of and lateral to the THALAMUS in each cerebral hemisphere. The gray substance is made up of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and the lentiform nucleus (the latter consisting of the GLOBUS PALLIDUS and PUTAMEN). The WHITE MATTER is the INTERNAL CAPSULE.Capillaries: The minute vessels that connect the arterioles and venules.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Anhedonia: Inability to experience pleasure due to impairment or dysfunction of normal psychological and neurobiological mechanisms. It is a symptom of many PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS (e.g., DEPRESSIVE DISORDER, MAJOR; and SCHIZOPHRENIA).Appetitive Behavior: Animal searching behavior. The variable introductory phase of an instinctive behavior pattern or sequence, e.g., looking for food, or sequential courtship patterns prior to mating.Limbic System: A set of forebrain structures common to all mammals that is defined functionally and anatomically. It is implicated in the higher integration of visceral, olfactory, and somatic information as well as homeostatic responses including fundamental survival behaviors (feeding, mating, emotion). For most authors, it includes the AMYGDALA; EPITHALAMUS; GYRUS CINGULI; hippocampal formation (see HIPPOCAMPUS); HYPOTHALAMUS; PARAHIPPOCAMPAL GYRUS; SEPTAL NUCLEI; anterior nuclear group of thalamus, and portions of the basal ganglia. (Parent, Carpenter's Human Neuroanatomy, 9th ed, p744; NeuroNames, http://rprcsgi.rprc.washington.edu/neuronames/index.html (September 2, 1998)).Economics, Behavioral: The combined discipline of psychology and economics that investigates what happens in markets in which some of the agents display human limitations and complications.Exercise Test: Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors: Drugs that block the transport of DOPAMINE into axon terminals or into storage vesicles within terminals. Most of the ADRENERGIC UPTAKE INHIBITORS also inhibit dopamine uptake.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Self Administration: Administration of a drug or chemical by the individual under the direction of a physician. It includes administration clinically or experimentally, by human or animal.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Microsatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Neural Pathways: Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.Gyrus Cinguli: One of the convolutions on the medial surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES. It surrounds the rostral part of the brain and CORPUS CALLOSUM and forms part of the LIMBIC SYSTEM.Macaca mulatta: A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.Pleasure: Sensation of enjoyment or gratification.Sucrose: A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.Caudate Nucleus: Elongated gray mass of the neostriatum located adjacent to the lateral ventricle of the brain.Substance Withdrawal Syndrome: Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.Amygdala: Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.Discrimination Learning: Learning that is manifested in the ability to respond differentially to various stimuli.Mesencephalon: The middle of the three primitive cerebral vesicles of the embryonic brain. Without further subdivision, midbrain develops into a short, constricted portion connecting the PONS and the DIENCEPHALON. Midbrain contains two major parts, the dorsal TECTUM MESENCEPHALI and the ventral TEGMENTUM MESENCEPHALI, housing components of auditory, visual, and other sensorimoter systems.Frontal Lobe: The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.Goals: The end-result or objective, which may be specified or required in advance.Flupenthixol: A thioxanthene neuroleptic that, unlike CHLORPROMAZINE, is claimed to have CNS-activating properties. It is used in the treatment of psychoses although not in excited or manic patients. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p595)Plant Nectar: Sugar-rich liquid produced in plant glands called nectaries. It is either produced in flowers or other plant structures, providing a source of attraction for pollinating insects and animals, as well as being a nutrient source to animal mutualists which provide protection of plants against herbivores.Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Task Performance and Analysis: The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.Functional Neuroimaging: Methods for visualizing REGIONAL BLOOD FLOW, metabolic, electrical, or other physiological activities in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM using various imaging modalities.Dopamine Antagonists: Drugs that bind to but do not activate DOPAMINE RECEPTORS, thereby blocking the actions of dopamine or exogenous agonists. Many drugs used in the treatment of psychotic disorders (ANTIPSYCHOTIC AGENTS) are dopamine antagonists, although their therapeutic effects may be due to long-term adjustments of the brain rather than to the acute effects of blocking dopamine receptors. Dopamine antagonists have been used for several other clinical purposes including as ANTIEMETICS, in the treatment of Tourette syndrome, and for hiccup. Dopamine receptor blockade is associated with NEUROLEPTIC MALIGNANT SYNDROME.Discrimination (Psychology): Differential response to different stimuli.Cocaine-Related Disorders: Disorders related or resulting from use of cocaine.Nicotine: Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.Neostriatum: The phylogenetically newer part of the CORPUS STRIATUM consisting of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and PUTAMEN. It is often called simply the striatum.Dopaminergic Neurons: Neurons whose primary neurotransmitter is DOPAMINE.Receptors, Dopamine D2: A subfamily of G-PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORS that bind the neurotransmitter DOPAMINE and modulate its effects. D2-class receptor genes contain INTRONS, and the receptors inhibit ADENYLYL CYCLASES.Extinction, Psychological: The procedure of presenting the conditioned stimulus without REINFORCEMENT to an organism previously conditioned. It refers also to the diminution of a conditioned response resulting from this procedure.Behavior: The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.Compulsive Behavior: The behavior of performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to reward or pleasure. The act is usually a small, circumscribed behavior, almost ritualistic, yet not pathologically disturbing. Examples of compulsive behavior include twirling of hair, checking something constantly, not wanting pennies in change, straightening tilted pictures, etc.Reversal Learning: Any situation where an animal or human is trained to respond differentially to two stimuli (e.g., approach and avoidance) under reward and punishment conditions and subsequently trained under reversed reward values (i.e., the approach which was previously rewarded is punished and vice versa).Sweetening Agents: Substances that sweeten food, beverages, medications, etc., such as sugar, saccharine or other low-calorie synthetic products. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Medial Forebrain Bundle: A complex group of fibers arising from the basal olfactory regions, the periamygdaloid region, and the septal nuclei, and passing to the lateral hypothalamus. Some fibers continue into the tegmentum.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Amphetamine: A powerful central nervous system stimulant and sympathomimetic. Amphetamine has multiple mechanisms of action including blocking uptake of adrenergics and dopamine, stimulation of release of monamines, and inhibiting monoamine oxidase. Amphetamine is also a drug of abuse and a psychotomimetic. The l- and the d,l-forms are included here. The l-form has less central nervous system activity but stronger cardiovascular effects. The d-form is DEXTROAMPHETAMINE.Saccharin: Flavoring agent and non-nutritive sweetener.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
The rival Thoroughbred Racing Association and Turf & Sports Digest polls were topped by Jewel's Reward. Nadir went into 1958 as ... U.S. Thoroughbred Champions at BloodHorse.com Nadir's pedigree Miami News - February 4, 1976 Miami News - November 19, 1957 ... On June 14, the colt won his first stakes race of 1958, taking the six-furlong Select Handicap at Monmouth Park in Oceanport, ... Nadir (foaled March 15, 1955) was a Thoroughbred racehorse who was one of two colts voted the American Champion Two-Year-Old ...
Triple Crown champion Seattle Slew, U.S. Filly Triple Crown champion Chris Evert, as well as Silver Charm, Chief's Crown, ... a grade I-placed stakes winner Palace Malice, a Belmont Stakes son of Curlin Sky Mesa, a grade I winner and son of Pulpit ... "They will build you a stable of 12-15 thoroughbreds and with your input will train them, house them, select races, enter them ... In 2012, the Three Chimneys stallion roster includes Rahy, Point Given, Yes It's True, Flower Alley, Good Reward, Sky Mesa, War ...
Among the notable winners of the Select are Champions Sheilas Reward in 1950, Decathlon in 1956, Nadir in 1958. Shecky Greene ... The Select Stakes is an American Thoroughbred horse race run annually at Monmouth Park Racetrack in Oceanport, New Jersey. ...
... (foaled 1947 in Kentucky) was an American Thoroughbred Champion racehorse who was voted the American Champion ... He was sired by multiple stakes winner Reaping Reward and out of the mare Smart Sheila, a daughter of 1930 American Champion ... and Long Branch Handicaps brought Sheilas Reward his second straight American Champion Sprint Horse title. Sheilas Reward's ... Sheilas Reward was bred and raced by Mrs. Louis Lazare, who owned his dam, Smart Sheila. Louis Lazare was President and major ...
... (March 10, 1955 - September 16, 1959) was an Thoroughbred Champion racehorse. He was voted the American Champion ... at age three Jewel's Reward was ranked a top contender for the U.S. Triple Crown series after winning the Wood Memorial Stakes ... The Bloodhorse.com Champion's history charts Archived September 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Jewel's Reward's pedigree ... he ran fourth in the Kentucky Derby and seventh in the Preakness Stakes. Later that year, Jewel's Reward was sent to race in ...
Carson, also a well-respected thoroughbred breeder, produced such champions as the great sprinters Roseben and Highball. ... the Kentucky Jockey Club Stakes, the Illinois Derby and Illinois Oaks. In addition, she was named both American Champion Two- ... Star Reward and Sub Fleet (2nd in 1952 Ky Derby). Spy Song, a son of Mata Hari, was brilliant at sprinting distances, breaking ... Dixiana was also home to other champions such as Fly So Free, Champion 2-year-old male of 1990, who was broken and prepped ...
and Jewel's Reward to 1957 American Champion Two-Year-Old Colt honors. Ivan Parke and four of his brothers had careers in ... Ivan Parke began training Thoroughbreds in 1935 and during his trained twenty-seven stakes race winners for major owners ... In 1957, while trainer for Maine Chance Farm, Ivan Parke conditioned Jewel's Reward to American Champion Two-Year-Old Colt ... Ivan H. Parke (November 1, 1908 - January 20, 1995) was an American Hall of Fame Thoroughbred horse racing jockey and trainer ...
The best of his offspring included Northern Reward (Phar Lap Stakes, Villiers Stakes), Chinese Treasure (Black Opal Stakes) and ... winning the Blandford Stakes and finishing third in both the Irish Derby and the Champion Stakes. After his retirement from ... Northern Treasure (foaled 18 February 1973) was an Irish Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. As a two-year-old in 1975 he won ... Later that month he was moved up to Group Three class for the Vauxhall Trial Stakes at Phoenix Park and finished fourth behind ...
British-trained champion Thoroughbred racehorse. As a two-year-old in 1999 she won the Group Two Cherry Hinton Stakes and ... "Cherry Hinton Stakes result". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-27. Edmondson, Richard (1999-07-07). "Torgau rewards Bravery". ... "Moyglare Stud Stakes result". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-27. "Cheveley Park Stakes result". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09- ... Bravery did not run her in a trial as she "took a long time to get rid of her winter coat." Despite her status as champion two- ...
Nunthorpe Stakes), Excellent Art (St. James's Palace Stakes) and Sariska (Oaks). Somnus's dam, Midnight's Reward won one minor ... Somnus is a retired British champion Thoroughbred racehorse. One of the best European two-year-olds in 2002, he developed into ... His sire Pivotal was a top class sprinter who won the King's Stand Stakes and the Nunthorpe Stakes in 1996. He went on to ... He ran ten times in 2006, winning one minor stakes race at Haydock and finishing second in the Park Stakes at Doncaster. He ...
Triple Crown champion, War Admiral. Iron Maiden also produced Iron Reward, the dam of Swaps. He was trained throughout his ... As a three year old Iron Liege also posted stakes wins in the Forerunner Stakes, Sheridan Stakes, Laurance Armour Memorial ... Iron Liege (March 11, 1954 - December 14, 1972) was an American Thoroughbred racehorse best known for winning the 1957 Kentucky ... "Medley Mare Number 2 - Family A4". Thoroughbred Bloodlines. "2006 - 2017 Kentucky Derby & Oaks - May 5 and 6, 2017 - Tickets, ...
"Champions, The Lives, Times, and Past Performances of America's Greatest Thoroughbreds, Revised Edition, Champions from 1893- ... She defeated older females in the Beldame Stakes. That year, she brought home the American Champion Three-Year-Old Filly award ... Grand Reward - 2001 Bay Colt by Storm Cat - 4 wins, 2 to 4, in NA, Eng, and Ire, $545,844, Oaklawn H (gr. II; He is currently ... Serena's Tune also produced Serena's Cat, an ungraded stakes winner who in turn produced 2015 American Champion Older Dirt Male ...
Champion older horse and Champion turf horse. He earned a 127 rating in the 2006 World Thoroughbred Racehorse Rankings. Lava ... "He's truly a champion." Three weeks after this win, he was shipped to Dubai to compete in the $5,000,000 Dubai Duty Free Stakes ... However, because California-breds winning open races in the state generate breeders' rewards worth approximately 15 percent of ... On June 18, Lava Man won the Californian Stakes for his first graded stakes victory. In his next race, the $750,000 Grade 1 ...
The gelding then started 1/4 favourite for the Champions Mile and won "very easily" from Rewarding Hero and Dan Excel. It was ... The ten-runner field included Grand Prix Boss (NHK Mile Cup), Hana's Goal (All Aged Stakes) and World Ace from Japan, while ... Able Friend (Chinese 步步友: foaled 19 September 2009) is an Australian-bred, Hong Kong-trained Thoroughbred racehorse. After ... On his final appearance of the Hong Kong season Able Friend started 7/10 favourite for the Champions Mile ahead of a field ...
... wins include Travers Stakes, Kent Stakes Through his daughter, Reaping Reward, Jamestown was also the damsire of Sheilas Reward ... Jamestown (1928-1953) was an American Champion Thoroughbred racehorse. He was bred and raced by George D. Widener, Jr., an ... the Belmont Futurity Stakes. At a time when there was no official voting for annual racing Champions, Jamestown was recognized ... "American Champion Two Year Old Male". "C.V. WHITNEY COLT BEATS JAMESTOWN - Scores by Three Lengths to Break Jack High's Mark of ...
England Grand National - Half Caste 1,000 Guineas Stakes - Mayonaise 2,000 Guineas Stakes - The Promised Land The Derby - ... English champion Tom Sayers defends his title twice, defeating Bill Benjamin in 11 rounds and Bob Brettle in seven. Events 1 ... The Queen's Plate is run over 1¼ miles by 3-year-old thoroughbred horses foaled in Canada and is the oldest race for ... perhaps for monetary reward. Events John Morrissey announces his retirement and relinquishes the Championship of America, which ...
Two weeks later, Lincoln Road was listed as the fourth choice in a field of twelve stakes-winning colts in the second jewel of ... Calumet Farm-owned Tim Tam went on to become a Dual Classic Winner and win divisional honors as the American Champion Three- ... Derby winner Tim Tam was listed as even money, Jewel's Reward was 3:1, closer Silky Sullivan was third choice at 6:1, and ... Lincoln Road (foaled in 1955) was an American Thoroughbred racehorse who won the 1958 Jersey Derby as a three-year-old. The son ...
"Thoroughbred Bloodlines - Mandane - Family 11-g". www.bloodlines.net. Retrieved 24 August 2016. "Stakes and Spuds". www. ... In October, he received 85 guineas "by common consent" as a reward for not starting in the 140 guineas subscription purse. In ... Sister to Edwin (1794), taproot mare of Family 3-i and the susbsequent branch Family 3-l Champion (1797), the first horse to ... Leger Stakes (in 1800) Tyrant (1799), Derby winner in 1782 Parasol (1800), who won many races and was a dam of Classic winners ...
The Last Tycoon Stakes (formally known as the Inglewood Handicap) is an American Thoroughbred horse race run annually in late ... Shirley's Champion 1973 - Ancient Title 1972 - War Heim 1971 - Advance Guard 1970 - Baffle 1969 - Rising Market 1968 - Gamely ... Quick Reward 1945 - High Resolve 1941 - Sir Jeffrey 1940 - Historical 1939 - Specify 1938 - Ligaroti The 2008 Inglewood ... A Grade III stakes, it is raced on turf at a distance of ​1 1⁄16 miles (8.5 Furlongs). The event currently offers a purse of $ ...
... was a Champion during racing career and produced a Champion "Criteria.pdf" (PDF). www.kentuckybred.org. Retrieved 8 June 2016 ... Iron Reward - Swaps 1956 - Swoon - Swoon's Son 1957 - Belle Jeep - Jewel's Reward 1958 - Miss Disco - Bold Ruler 1959 - ... Mares who have produced multiple graded stakes winners may also be given the informal title of "blue hen". Toussaud for example ... The Kentucky Broodmare of the Year is selected each year by the Kentucky Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association. It is ...
... winning the Queen Anne Stakes, Sussex Stakes and Prix du Moulin in 1985. The best of his other offspring included the double ... In 1993, Vintage Crop made a brief return to hurdling to finish sixth to Granville Again in the Champion Hurdle at Cheltenham ... "Thoroughbred Bloodlines - Pretty Polly - Family 14-c". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2014-07-14. Video at YouTube of Vintage Crop's ... Weld reaps reward for boldly going where none has ventured before - Sport". The Independent. Retrieved 2014-07-14. "Rousillon ...
1951 Thoroughbred Heritage - American Champion Steeplechasers Normandy Farm at Thoroughbred Heritage. ... Polynesian also sired the 1956 American Champion Two-Year-Old Colt, Barbizon, plus Imbros, a multiple stakes winner who set or ... 1942 Reaping Reward (US) H, 1934 Sickle T (US) G, 1935 Sickle's bloodline legacy came through his son Unbreakable who sired the ... the 1958 American Champion Older Female Horse But Why Not, the American Champion Three-Year-Old Filly and American Champion ...
... and college football champions prior to the 1956 split of the NCAA into divisions. The list of champions is taken from the ... The case involved a $1/$2 table stakes Texas Hold 'em Poker game with a dealer making tips. The organizers were charged with 20 ... stated, "[T]here are three elements of gambling: consideration, chance and reward." The judge found through a four pronged test ... Penn National Race Course in Grantville, Parx Racing in Bensalem, and Presque Isle Downs near Erie offer thoroughbred racing. ...
"Diomed Mare - Family A29". Thoroughbred Bloodlines. "EBF Fillies Stakes result". Racing Post. 2 June 2010. "Lowther Stakes ... Although she was beaten by Misty for Me in the poll for the Cartier Champion Two-year-old Filly, Hooray was officially rated ... by three and a quarter lengths from Reckless Reward, with the favourite six lengths back in third. The winning time of 1:11.45 ... Weld Park Stakes), Khor Sheed (Empress Stakes) and Ragsah (runner-up in the Firth of Clyde Stakes). Despite doubts about her ...
"Grave Matters Thoroughbreds". Tbheritage.com. Retrieved 2012-04-25. "Cavalcade Only Real Champion In Year'S Racing". Chicago ... In July in Chicago, Cavalcade recorded an upset win in the Hyde Stakes, beating the Whitney colt Singing Wood by a neck at odds ... "High Quest and Cavalcade reward owner's persistence". Vancouver Sun. September 28, 1933. Retrieved 2012-04-25. Associated, The ... Cavalcade (1931-1940) was an American Hall of Fame Champion Thoroughbred racehorse. In a career which lasted from 1933 until ...
Preakness Stakes (2018) Belmont Stakes (2018). Awards. 13th American Triple Crown winner (2018). American Champion Three-Year- ... "Justify's Victory Rewards Partnership Group" (PDF). The BloodHorse. pp. 11-12. Retrieved May 6, 2018.. ... The impressive win earned a Beyer Speed Figure of 104 and caused the Thoroughbred Daily News to designate the colt as a "Rising ... Justify then won that race, the 2018 Preakness Stakes, and the 2018 Belmont Stakes to win the Triple Crown. He was retired ...
Among the notable winners of the Select are Champions Sheilas Reward in 1950, Decathlon in 1956, Nadir in 1958. Shecky Greene ... The Select Stakes is an American Thoroughbred horse race run annually at Monmouth Park Racetrack in Oceanport, New Jersey. ...
Sheilas Reward (foaled 1947 in Kentucky) was an American Thoroughbred Champion racehorse who was voted the American Champion ... He was sired by multiple stakes winner Reaping Reward and out of the mare Smart Sheila, a daughter of 1930 American Champion ... and Long Branch Handicaps brought Sheilas Reward his second straight American Champion Sprint Horse title. Sheilas Rewards ... Sheilas Reward was bred and raced by Mrs. Louis Lazare, who owned his dam, Smart Sheila. Louis Lazare was President and major ...
Able Friend in Hong Kong and Cirrus Des Aigles in France in a stellar weekend of Thoroughbred racing ... but he was more than able to put on a show in the Champions Mile Sunday at Sha tin Racecourse. The co-rated top Thoroughbred in ... "Lets see how he comes out of this, but the Queen Anne Stakes June 16 at Royal Ascot is next in the cards," the trainer said. ... runner-up Rewarding Hero and Dan Excel, in 21.35 over the final 400 meters to claim his twelfth win in 18 starts, eight of ...
Favored Delightful Mary, a champion in Canada as a 2 year old, returned from a 15-month absence to win the Hendrie Stakes (Can- ... Acting Naughty had her consistency rewarded with her first stakes victory in the $149,689 Whimsical (Can-III) at Woodbine April ... Champion Delightful Mary to Return in Hendrie. Canadas champion 2-year-old filly of 2010 Delightful Mary is scheduled to make ... her first start in more than a year Saturday, June 1 in the $150,000 Hendrie Stakes at Woodbine. ...
... the long lived champion, and top stamina sire, Stage Door Johnny (51 Stakes Winners). Yet a second inclusion seems to be the ... by Reward Lloyd (male-line grandson of Hyperion), fashions all the signs of being a mutation to the paint frame overo gene. The ... Notes About the Original Unexpected White Thoroughbreds. WHITE CROSS (1896). This Tennessee-bred, first white Thoroughbred was ... Addendum of Post-Paper White Thoroughbreds. In order to keep an update on every new white Thoroughbred that may emerge in the ...
... a champion on the racetrack and the dam of graded stakes winners Good Reward and Pure Prize; Justenuffheart, dam of champion ... The Thoroughbred industry mourned the passing of legendary sire Storm Cat in 2013, as the breed-shaping son of Storm Bird was ... The best runner for the 7-year-old son of Unbridleds Song was Havana, who won the Grade 1 Champagne Stakes and finished second ... Storm Cat sired five Breeders Cup winners and eight champions and became one of North Americas most successful commercial ...
Breeders Rewarded for Oaks, Derby Successes. Dolphus C. Morrison and Lamantia, Blackburn & Needham/Betz Thoroughbreds will be ... Lotta Kim overcame a rough journey Sunday to notch her first career stakes victory, winning the $100,000 Tiffany Lass Stakes ... Champion 3YO Female: Rachel Alexandra. After trouncing her own division, filly stepped out to beat the boys in the grade I ... Rachel Sets Stakes Record in Mother Goose. Rachel Alexandra faced only two opponents in the $300,000 Mother Goose (gr. I) June ...
The rewards and glory of owning the 27-times world champion New York Yankees would be bestowed only on their successors. ... On the racing front, much-touted Farrell colts disappointed in major stakes races, costing the owner a bundle in lost wagers. ... Farrells immersion in racetrack affairs was a natural pursuit, for thoroughbred horse racing was the passion of his adult life ... During the 1904 season, Highlander brass had been stung by the disdain of John T. Brush, who refused to match his NL champion ...
She finished second in a controversial edition of the Preakness Stakes behind Codex and was also second in the Belmont Stakes. ... But as a broodmare the champion attracted fans outside racing when her reproductive difficulties endeared her to women ... the Thoroughbred Retirement facility in Georgetown, KY., where he had been pensioned since 2015. The stallion was 25.. Genuine ... The first was given the appropriate name Genuine Reward. Also a son of the great sire Rahy, Genuine Reward raised hopes of ...
Articles on training thoroughbred horses, feeding thoroughbred horses, horse physiology, horse psychology, equine nutrition, ... Horse racing magazine for the training and development of the thoroughbred racehorse. European and North American editions ... Feb 6, 2009 Test of the Champion - a history of the Belmont Stakes Feb 6, 2009 ... Feb 2, 2011 Overtraining the thoroughbred racehorse Feb 2, 2011 * Feb 2, 2011 Hard work ethic gives Mike Puype his reward Feb 2 ...
Canadas premier Thoroughbred stakes race, and the North America Cup, Canadas premier Standardbred stakes race, is the only ... who is a multiple champion in his homeland and regularly rides Japanese horses in stakes races around the world. Yutaka Take ... Betting show is really playing it safe while win betting is a bit more risky, yet the rewards are better. ... together with the Preakness Stakes and the Belmont Stakes, form the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing for three-year-olds. ...
Sunday that Derby runner-up and 2017 juvenile champion Good Magic will take on Justify again in Saturdays Preakness Stakes. " ... Hi Happy won the Grade I Man o War on a stellar program at Belmont Park to highlight weekend Thoroughbred racing while the ... Blended Citizen, after just missing the Kentucky Derby field, rewarded his connections with a late-running, 1/2-length victory ... Trials continue next week at York with the Group 3 Tattersalls Musidora Stakes Wednesday and the Group 2 Betfred Dante Stakes ...
The 2015 Thoroughbred stakes schedule will offer nearly $1.7 million in purses and starts with Texas Champions Weekend, ... and Warriors Reward now have offspring by arguably three of the hottest young sires in North America. It puts breeders in a ... 50,000 Star of Texas Stakes, $50,000 Richard King Turf Stakes, $50,000 Spirit of Texas Stakes and $50,000 Groovy Stakes. Sam ... Arkansas-bred Stakes Schedule at Oaklawn The Oaklawn Park stakes schedule for 2015 will feature nearly $7 million in stakes ...
... headed by last years two-year-old Sire Stakes champion, Lagerfeld, making his seasonal debut. After the completion of the ... Poconos next racing action will take place on Saturday; while the Thoroughbred world conducts its famous Kentucky Derby, ... handsomely reward their scattered backers. George Napolitano Jr., going for his fourth straight dash driving title and record ... 60,000 Arden Downs stake for 2-year-old colt and gelding trotters, at The Meadows. The harness racing stake was contested over ...
... has been training stakes winners for 30 years and his work with 2000 Horse of the Year and 2001 champion older male Tiznow will ... He is a homebred gelding who was foaled and raised at Ridgeley Farm, an oasis of Thoroughbred tradition now surrounded by more ... What was supposed to be a wide-open version of the seven-furlong Malibu Stakes, played out on a picture postcard Santa Anita ... Johnny Eves is clearly a horse with distance limitations, and his only stakes attempt prior to the Malibu was a flop as the ...
On the West Coast, Sprint champion Amazombie, making his seasons debut in the San Carlos, was a one-paced third to The Factor ... Those who backed her were rewarded for their faith, to the tune of $131 to win. Hel-lo!. ... HorseRaceInsider.com executive editor John Pricci has over three decades of experience as a thoroughbred racing public ... who won the Holy Bull Stakes on January 29.. The victory of Algorithms came at the expense of Hansel, the juvenile champion of ...
The result is higher purses at the track; with more at stake, trainers are running horses who simply are not fit. Too often, ... "rewards" (prize money) often falls short of covering expenses, BUT while it used to be called "The Sport of Kings" because TB ... The New York Times article opens and closes with a portrait of national champion jockey Jacky Martin, who broke his neck in ... the BEST nutrition and BEST equipment available are the most likely to provide the BEST financial rewards for their owners. It ...
Though an altered business climate amid COVID-19 has reduced stakes purses across much of the country in 2020, the stakes ... Full Brother to Champion Too Darn Hot to Debut Wed, 2020-07-08 15:13 ... McEntee Racings Baytown Bear ran away with a maiden special weight victory by 9 3/4 lengths July 7 at Indiana Grand, rewarding ... Thoroughbred Owners & Breeders Association , Inc. All rights reserved.. Use and/or viewing of this site is subject to Terms & ...
Gr3 Gucci Stakes) & 4 placings (including the Gr2 Sapphire Stakes, Gr3 Typhoon Tracy Stakes, Gr3 Thoroughbred Club Stakes & Gr2 ... This is a Champion family which includes stallions Flying Spur and Encosta de Lago as well as Saturdays Gr2 Kewney Stakes ... The prize money for the Memsie Stakes has doubled this year from $500,000 to $1 million, a move that has been rewarded with a ... Gr2 Sunline Stakes, Gr2 Kewney Stakes, Gr3 Quezette Stakes & Gr3 SAJC National Stakes) and 4 placing (including the Gr1 MRC ...
... champion 3-year-old filly of 2004 and champion older mare the following year) had produced a third stakes-winning full sibling ... Labels: Colonial Downs, Glenn Petty, Grand Slam of Grass, Jeff Jacobs, Virginia Thoroughbred Association, Virginia thoroughbred ... But winning would be a just reward for seeing history about to be made and choosing to be a part of it by running in, rather ... Ive recommended trying to spur a Virginia recovery by establishing a slate of stakes events -- a Virginia Stallion Champions ...
In the lone hiccup of the under-tack show, hip 7, a son of Champ Pegasus, lost the rider and galloped down the stretch before ... The incident caused some confusion for the next horse to work, hip 40, a son of Hes Had Enough out of graded stakes winner Le ... West Points Terry Finley was on hand, as were Aron Wellman of Eclipse Thoroughbred Partners, Billy Koch of Little Red Feather ... It looks like he rewarded us for it. We always thought he was a nice horse from day one." ...
The chestnut filly is out of multiple stakes winner and multiple graded stakes placed Trip for A. J. (Trippi). She was ... New Zealand champion sire Savabeel (Aus) (Zabeel {NZ}), who has a quintet of new Group 1 winners during the 2017-2018 season is ... West Point Thoroughbreds provided the early fireworks at Barretts Wednesday, seeing off a pair of challengers to secure a colt ... "Were facing the challenges that come with that, but its very clear to see the rewards that come with facing those challenges ...
The best in the state of Illinois will be on the track Saturday as 11 stakes races will be contested for Night of Champions at ... Fall thoroughbreds close out the year, running from October 2 through December 26. For more information, visit www. ... My service on the Board has been one of the most rewarding experiences in my life, said Horner. I have been fortunate to work ... Fire suspends racing; stakes rescheduled DUNDAS, ON - SEPT. 17, 2020 - Due to an electrical fire Flamboro Downs was forced to ...
Under the direction of Thoroughbred breeder and owner, Dr. Scott Rake, the Canterbury Park Dental Clinic will be back after a ... most rewarding year in 2017 of treating scores of backstretch workers dental needs. The clinic will be open every week of the ... Also a record this year is the lucrative $2.375 million stakes schedule. http://www.canterburypark.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/ ... 2017 Champions. *Owner Novogratz Racing (Joe Novogratz). *Trainer Mac Robertson. *Jockey Jareth Loveberry ...
... his sire had won the Champion Stakes at Doncaster, and the Drawing-room at "glorious Goodwood," and that racing strain through ... The thoroughbreds pulled and fretted and swerved in their impatience; one or two overcontumacious bolted incontinently, others ... a smile that might have rewarded a Richepanse for a Hohenlinden. "Superbly ridden! I absolutely trembled for you as you lifted ... There were keen excitement and heavy stakes on the present event; the betting had never stood still a second in Town or the ...
  • Among the notable winners of the Select are Champions Sheilas Reward in 1950, Decathlon in 1956, Nadir in 1958. (wikipedia.org)
  • Johnny Eves is one of only nine head currently under his care, which makes no sense, since Robbins, 62, has been training stakes winners for 30 years and his work with 2000 Horse of the Year and 2001 champion older male Tiznow will be legendary someday, if it isn't already. (drf.com)
  • The last five racing seasons have seen New Zealand mares produce in excess of 270 stakes winners and 39 Gr1 winners in Australia alone. (breedingracing.com)
  • From a racetrack perspective, Champion mare Winx is a daughter of NZ mare Vegas Showgirl, while Gr1 winners Terravista and Tiger Tees (both ex Parfore) and triple Gr1 winner Gingernuts (ex Double Elle) exemplify the distaff depth of the New Zealand market. (breedingracing.com)
  • 2014 $10,000 America's Most Wanted Thoroughbred Contest winners Icabad Crane and Phillip Dutton. (eventingnation.com)
  • Pish has trained some highly-regarded Texas-breds and reports that multiple-stakes winners Boots On Sunday and Goosey Moose are now enjoying second careers as hunter/ jumpers and popular lesson horses. (shrp.com)
  • The 79-year-old has conditioned two Grade 1 winners: Catatonic (1987 Hempstead Stakes) and Taking Risks (1994 Iselin Handicap), saddled four Preakness runners and other graded winners such as Ameri Valay, Learned Jake, Dynamic Trick and Ah Day. (horseraceinsider.com)
  • Charged Cotton is listed at 20-1 on the morning line in the $150,000 Lady Baltimore Stakes, a field where 11 of the 14 runners are stakes winners. (horseraceinsider.com)
  • He will take on a strong field of graded-stakes winners in the Pegasus headed by Gun Runner, who is expected to be named Horse of the Year at the Eclipse Awards on Jan. 25. (xpressbet.com)
  • While Team Valor has campaigned nearly 80 graded-stakes winners since its inception, winning a classic with a horse that was a product of Irwin thinking outside the box as far as pedigree provided the kind of validation one cannot put a price on. (kentucky.com)
  • Canada's champion 2-year-old filly of 2010 Delightful Mary is scheduled to make her first start in more than a year Saturday, June 1 in the $150,000 Hendrie Stakes at Woodbine. (bloodhorse.com)
  • After trouncing her own division, filly stepped out to beat the boys in the grade I BlackBerry Preakness, Haskell, and Woodward Stakes. (bloodhorse.com)
  • Well, jinx form held in the Sabin as 3-year-old filly Eclipse champion Royal Delta, excusably not wound tightly with her eyes on a $10 million prize a half world away next month, finished third in a useful effort. (horseraceinsider.com)
  • An almost-lifelong fan of horse racing and student of pedigree, I became a first-time thoroughbred breeder in 2009, with a VA-bred filly and colt, though the filly died in a paddock accident as a weanling. (blogspot.com)
  • Ruffian's end, witnessed by a television audience of millions, made her the most beloved and tragic filly in the history of thoroughbred racing. (washingtonian.com)
  • An intriguing runner is 3-year-old filly Jazzy Idea (6-1), who has already won a pair of stakes races during the Laurel fall meet. (horseraceinsider.com)
  • LAUREL, MD - G. Watts Humphrey Jr.'s speedy homebred filly Morticia, small in size but big on talent, kicks off the second half of a sophomore season that has already produced a pair of stakes victories in Saturday's $100,000 Stormy Blues at Laurel Park. (laurelpark.com)
  • This plucky filly ran nine times last year, and was always among the top three finishers while competing exclusively in graded stakes company. (thoroughbredinfo.com)
  • At the time of this writing, Evening Jewel has already won Santa Anita s 2011 Sunshine Millions Distaff Stakes on dirt, and has pushed her career earnings to $1,217,943, ranking the Northern Afleet filly as the sixth-highest California-bred female earner of all time and only $200,000 away from surpassing Moscow Burning as the richest distaffer in state-bred history. (thoroughbredinfo.com)
  • The colt certainly merits attention as he defeated 2015 Pennsylvania Sire Stakes champion Lagerfeld in his only performance this season at Pocono and also outlasted Earn And Burn, who is out of a full sister to millionaire Dejarmbro, for his maiden breaking score last year at the same venue. (harnesslink.com)
  • McEntee Racing's Baytown Bear ran away with a maiden special weight victory by 9 3/4 lengths July 7 at Indiana Grand, rewarding his sire Upstart with the first winner from the stallion's freshman crop. (ownerview.com)
  • Waikato Stud titan and reigning Champion New Zealand Sire Savabeel made a clean sweep of New Zealand's major sire awards for the second consecutive season and is the sire of Gr1 New Zealand 2000 Guineas winner Embellish, among others. (breedingracing.com)
  • his sire had won the Champion Stakes at Doncaster, and the Drawing-room at "glorious Goodwood," and that racing strain through the White Lily blood, coupled with a magnificent reputation which he brought from Leicestershire as a fencer, found him chief favor among the fraternity. (edu.au)
  • Across the country, the baby races have started up and Thoroughbred enthusiasts are getting their first glimpse at 2-year-old runners by several young stallions, which means it s time once again for our annual California Freshman Sire Contest! (thoroughbredinfo.com)
  • Though an altered business climate amid COVID-19 has reduced stakes purses across much of the country in 2020, the stakes schedule for Derby week at Churchill Downs Sept. 1-5 is largely intact. (ownerview.com)
  • As we announced last month, for the first time ever we instituted a waitlist for the 2020 Thoroughbred Makeover, which allows equestrians to apply to compete in the event after the January 15 application deadline. (eventingnation.com)
  • A possible start by the Pioneerof the Nile colt in the Grade II Fountain of Youth Stakes at Gulfstream Park on March 4 now has been ruled out due to the foot issue. (xbtv.com)
  • Email ARCADIA, Calif. - What was supposed to be a wide-open version of the seven-furlong Malibu Stakes, played out on a picture postcard Santa Anita opening day, went terribly strange somewhere around the turn when the surprising Johnny Eves shook loose from his fellow pacesetters, opened sudden daylight on the field, and went on to win by a comfortable length. (drf.com)
  • Bred in Oklahoma by Center Hills Farm and out of the Encino mare Klondike Kaytie, Kip Deville was purchased by a group led by IEAH in June 2006 and went on to win three graded stakes over the next 10 months, including the Frank E. Kilroe Mile at Santa Anita in early 2007. (thehorse.com)
  • Saturday Stakes Preview from Gulfstream Park, Oaklawn Park, Santa Anita. (xbtv.com)
  • Preview of the Santa Margarita Stakes at Santa Anita Park. (xbtv.com)
  • Even his game efforts in recent months in races down the Santa Anita Park hillside turf course-where he's placed in four straight stakes-just really aren't his best distance. (victoryrose.com)
  • Classic Empire finished a well-beaten third as a 1-2 favorite for trainer Mark Casse in Gulfstream's Grade II Holy Bull Stakes on Feb. 4 in his 2017 debut. (xbtv.com)
  • The Curlin colt won the Grade II Holy Bull Stakes at Gulfstream Park on Feb. 4 for trainer Graham Motion. (xbtv.com)
  • Acting Naughty had her consistency rewarded with her first stakes victory in the $149,689 Whimsical (Can-III) at Woodbine April 28, coming from off the pace in her seasonal debut. (bloodhorse.com)
  • And it was a special moment amidst all the euphoria talking to you in your box minutes after American Pharoah's Belmont Stakes victory. (bloodhorse.com)
  • Tonalist, the 4-year-outdated who dashed California Chrome's Triple Crown bid in 2014 with a thrilling victory on the Belmont Stakes, is at 6-1 for the Classic - together with thrilling stretch-runner Honor Code. (online8pharmacy.com)
  • Trained by Randy Morse, the dark bay has tested the waters in graded stakes company and ships to Houston off a solid $50,000 allowance victory at Oaklawn Park three weeks ago. (shrp.com)
  • Emotional as it was for Crawford to see Dullahan stamp his Derby potential with his victory in the Grade I Toyota Blue Grass Stakes at Keeneland, celebrating there with an ownership posse of 100-plus nearly trumped the result itself. (kentucky.com)
  • The buzz that has accompanied Highest Ground since his debut win at Leicester in September will come under the closest scrutiny yet in this year's July 9 Al Basti Equiworld Dubai Dante Stakes (G2) at York. (ownerview.com)
  • Prepared by three-time champ Bob Baffert, the current year's most loved is McKinzie, who enters the current year's Classic as an unquestionably increasingly experienced pony from the one which completed twelfth in a year ago's race. (brooklynne.net)
  • While Pope did not buy the sale-topper at the subsequent Keeneland November sale, she was the final bidder on its most buzzed-about offering, champion Groupie Doll. (drf.com)
  • Rushing Fall chases a $300,000 purse in the July 11 Coolmore Jenny Wiley Stakes (G1T) at Keeneland and perhaps just as valued, her place in racing history. (ownerview.com)
  • Justify was part of the second-last crop of Scat Daddy , who won the Champagne Stakes and Florida Derby . (wikipedia.org)
  • It was given the same name as the British Champagne Stakes which has been run annually since 1823 at the Doncaster Racecourse in South Yorkshire , England . (wikipedia.org)
  • There was no Champagne Stakes run from 1910 through 1913, due to a legislated ban by the State of New York on parimutuel wagering , and no race was held in 1956. (wikipedia.org)
  • Easy Goer ran the best Beyer Speed Figure performance(in the 1988 Champagne Stakes) by any 2-year-old since Beyer racing figures were first published. (wikipedia.org)
  • The inaugural running of the Champagne Stakes took place in 1867 at Jerome Park Racetrack prior where it remained through 1889. (wikipedia.org)
  • When a Triple Crown is on the line in the Belmont Stakes, the race boils down to one essential question: Will he or won't he? (baltimoresun.com)
  • LAUREL, MD - After making six straight graded-stakes starts, including several Triple Crown preps during the spring, Lael Stables' homebred No Dozing finds himself back in Maryland and sprinting for the first time since last fall in Saturday's $75,000 Concern at Laurel Park. (laurelpark.com)
  • The Foundation's support represents virtually every facet of the Thoroughbred industry, from jockeys, trainers, exercise riders, and grooms to office personnel and other employees of racetracks, racing organizations, and breeding farms. (horsesinthesouth.com)
  • On July 5, 1950, at Jamaica Racetrack in New York, Sheilas Reward broke the track record by almost a second with a time of 109 2/5 for six furlongs. (wikipedia.org)
  • vii In addition, Farrell was a high-stakes racetrack bookmaker (then a legal profession) and a noted plunger in his own right, often wagering thousands on the outcome of a single race. (sabr.org)
  • Our founder, Dorothea Boughdadly, has rescued as numerous no longer racing Thoroughbreds off the Del Mar Racetrack as she can. (offtrackthoroughbreds.com)
  • That cookie-cutter approach to sameness is the 9-furlong "route," ubiquitous at every major racetrack near you that cards a featured graded stakes race! (wordpress.com)
  • The race featured the career debut of Bridlewood Farm's Osare, a half-sister to the sport's all-time money earner, the 2016 Eclipse Award-winning Champion 3-Year-Old Colt, Arrogate. (tampabaydowns.com)
  • The Repole Stable and St. Elias Stable-owned colt experienced a mixed bag in three Oldsmar starts, winning an allowance/optional claiming race on Dec. 22, then finishing third in the Grade III Sam F. Davis Stakes and fourth in the Grade II Lambholm South Tampa Bay Derby. (tampabaydowns.com)
  • The Ghostzapper colt won the Grade III Sam F. Davis Stakes at Tampa Bay Downs on Feb. 11 for trainer Ian Wilkes. (xbtv.com)
  • The Into Mischief colt won the Grade III Southwest Stakes at Oaklawn Park on Monday for trainer Todd Pletcher. (xbtv.com)
  • Injury halted Paddy O'Prado's career after he won the Grade II Dixie Stakes in his 4-year-old debut last May. (kentucky.com)
  • HorseRaceInsider.com executive editor John Pricci has over three decades of experience as a thoroughbred racing public handicapper and was an award-winning journalist while at New York Newsday for 18 years. (horseraceinsider.com)
  • If a decision to possibly alter the dates or schedule for the Thoroughbred Makeover needs to be considered, we will be proactive and keep our competitors, vendors and other constituents informed. (eventingnation.com)
  • Davidson and Dutton will share their insight on selecting and restarting the off-track Thoroughbred in a unique format for the Master Class: Dutton will demonstrate his process himself, while Davidson will coach two riders - RRP Thoroughbred Makeover veterans Brit Vegas Gengenbach and Jordan Pruiksma - from the ground. (eventingnation.com)
  • Thanks to the efforts of some French breeders, among them, Madame Elisabeth Couturi , and Herman K. Goodpaster in America, we can assert that some strains of white Thoroughbreds have survived throughout the world. (oocities.org)
  • John has covered 14 Kentucky Derbies and Preaknesses, all but three Breeders' Cups since its inception in 1984, and has seen all but two Belmont Stakes live since 1969. (horseraceinsider.com)
  • Thoroughbred breeders are taking extra precautions, like wearing gloves and isolating personnel, to keep COVID-19 from spreading from farm to farm. (horsesinthesouth.com)
  • An rising focus by breeders on pace over stamina had the 1 half of-mile Belmont looking an ever more daunting job for contemporary Thoroughbreds. (online8pharmacy.com)
  • Genuine Reward never raced due to numerous health issues, but began a stud career at Meadowville Farm in The Plains, VA., and later at Eagle Point Farm in Ashland, VA., before eventually heading west to Sheridan, WY. (oldfriendsequine.org)
  • Julep stood his first season at stud in Illinois in 1954, siring foals for Dr. La Rue and the Warren Buckleys, including Synbad, the 1959 National Champion Stallion. (cmkarabians.com)
  • The undefeated Nyquist , the reigning 2-year-old champion of 2015 and probable Derby favorite, jogged two miles, visited the starting gate and schooled in the paddock. (kentuckyderby.com)
  • On her sale date, Groupie Doll led an emotional group of fans and connections to the auction ring, with the horse's primary caretakers, including trainer and co-breeder William "Buff" Bradley, walking arm-in-arm, en route to a $3.1 million hammer price. (drf.com)
  • He is consigned by Havens Bloodstock Agency on behalf of breeder Phil Lebherz's Premier Thoroughbreds. (honeycreekfarms.biz)
  • The royally bred colt, whose granddam, Conch, is a daughter of the legendary Bonefish, may not have acquired a legion of devoted followers due to his brief career (3-2-0-0, $43,501), however, his connections are confident he will stake his claim for the throne when he begins trotting from post position three in Saturday's ninth race with Marcus Miller guiding him. (harnesslink.com)
  • Turf Paradise - Race 7/Race 8 - ATBA Fall Sales Stakes - Saturday's late double has combatants from Canterbury in both legs, with Dan McFarlane's Deadly Black Eagle the lukewarm favorite in the boys division (race 8). (canterburypark.com)
  • Saturday's Memsie Stakes highlights why jockey Craig Newitt packed up his four sons and headed back to Melbourne from Tasmania. (racenet.com.au)
  • It's been a tough week for Ciaron Maher and David Eustace but Group I-bound colt Anders can provide the powerhouse stable with the perfect tonic in Saturday's San Domenico Stakes (1100m) at Rosehill . (racenet.com.au)
  • The colt is staked to all the engagements his colleagues will be contesting throughout the year, but Miller will be cautious regarding in which spots Trolley performs. (harnesslink.com)
  • I feel that Contrarytoordinary is a stakes-caliber colt and liked the way he closed last Saturday. (shrp.com)
  • The Clarence Scharbauer Texas Stallions Stakes Series includes the $65,000 Two Altazano Stakes and the $65,000 Jim's Orbit Stakes, both for accredited Texas-breds. (shrp.com)
  • Favored Delightful Mary, a champion in Canada as a 2 year old, returned from a 15-month absence to win the Hendrie Stakes (Can-III) with a smart late charge June 1 at Woodbine. (bloodhorse.com)
  • It started in 1904, when a small group of U.S. scientists launched an ambitious new race-based movement that was championed by our nation's social, political, and academic elite. (rapeutation.com)
  • Beychok has pledged to give 10 percent of any prize money he wins over the weekend to thoroughbred aftercare groups and has challenged his fellow competitors to do the same. (nytimes.com)
  • Jockeys are also exposed to tremendous dangers: The New York Times article opens and closes with a portrait of national champion jockey Jacky Martin, who broke his neck in three places in a claiming race and will now most likely spend the rest of his life on a respirator. (care2.com)
  • On the rec room TV, the same scene: live feed of the jockeys climbing atop sinewy thoroughbreds and steering them onto the dirt track before a crowd of several thousand. (seattlemet.com)
  • and Mark Streiff, a Southern California financial consultant who, as the National Handicapping Tour champion, can earn a $2 million bonus if he wins the contest. (nytimes.com)
  • He has earned $3,325,489 from 30 starts, 12 of which were wins (10 in stakes company), making him the leading Oklahoma-bred earner of all time. (thehorse.com)
  • He came into the Jim McKay with three wins from four starts at the distance on turf, with his only loss a second in another stakes at Del Mar. (victoryrose.com)
  • The daughter of Great Notion broke the 6-furlong turf record in the Jameela Stakes (Sept. 5) then wheeled back to win the Maryland Million Oaks on the main track. (horseraceinsider.com)
  • He advanced directly into stakes company, running third in the $75,000 Big Drama at Delta Downs on January 5. (shrp.com)
  • Jockey Victor Espinoza was injured and the stakes-winning sprinter Bobby Abu Dhabi perished in a spill Sunday morning at Del Mar. (thoroughbredchampions.com)
  • Keene Thoroughbred LLC's Country Candy is the high-earner in the field and will break from the far outside under jockey David Cabrera. (shrp.com)
  • AYMAN (2007) gdr de 2 cs en Paraguay, incl GP Polla de Potrillos 2º cals Gral Del Ejercito Andres Rodriguez, GP Jockey Club del Paraugy y en Elminatiora Gral Andres BAND ONTHE RUN (ARG) (2003, Incurable Optimist y Tihama por Fitzcarraldo, Fam. (issuu.com)
  • Champion jockey Damien Oliver added yet another accolade to his long list when he claimed his 11th Scobie Breasley Medal on Wednesday night. (racenet.com.au)
  • Both are well past 20 years of age and sires of an astounding number of champions and are classic examples of Arabian perfection. (cmkarabians.com)
  • Truly Bling, a gelded son of Too Much Bling, makes his first start in stakes company under Sasha Risenhoover . (shrp.com)
  • He is a two-time world heavyweight champion, having held the WBC title in 1984, and … Discography: Arachnoid (79) (ProgressoR review): Reviews: Maybe the very best of the French one-shots, Arachnoid's 1979 self-titled album is a masterpiece, brimming over in intensity and plain good taste. (airtelproxy.tk)