Ankle Injuries: Harm or hurt to the ankle or ankle joint usually inflicted by an external source.Lateral Ligament, Ankle: LATERAL LIGAMENTS of the ANKLE JOINT. It includes inferior tibiofibular ligaments.Athletic Injuries: Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.Back Pain: Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.Low Back Pain: Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.Back: The rear surface of an upright primate from the shoulders to the hip, or the dorsal surface of tetrapods.Braces: Orthopedic appliances used to support, align, or hold parts of the body in correct position. (Dorland, 28th ed)Basketball: A competitive team sport played on a rectangular court having a raised basket at each end.Back Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the posterior part of the trunk. It includes injuries to the muscles of the back.Sports Equipment: Equipment required for engaging in a sport (such as balls, bats, rackets, skis, skates, ropes, weights) and devices for the protection of athletes during their performance (such as masks, gloves, mouth pieces).Ligaments, Articular: Fibrous cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE that attach bones to each other and hold together the many types of joints in the body. Articular ligaments are strong, elastic, and allow movement in only specific directions, depending on the individual joint.Ankle Joint: The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.Subtalar Joint: Formed by the articulation of the talus with the calcaneus.Cryotherapy: A form of therapy consisting in the local or general use of cold. The selective destruction of tissue by extreme cold or freezing is CRYOSURGERY. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Joint Instability: Lack of stability of a joint or joint prosthesis. Factors involved are intra-articular disease and integrity of extra-articular structures such as joint capsule, ligaments, and muscles.Soccer: A game in which a round inflated ball is advanced by kicking or propelling with any part of the body except the hands or arms. The object of the game is to place the ball in opposite goals.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Leg Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the leg.Foot Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the foot.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Orthotic Devices: Apparatus used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve the function of movable parts of the body.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Mice, Inbred Strains: Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations, or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. All animals within an inbred strain trace back to a common ancestor in the twentieth generation.DNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Bacterial Typing Techniques: Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.Athletic Tape: Adhesive tape with the mechanical strength to resist stretching. It is applied to the skin to support, stabilize, and restrict movement to aid healing and/or prevent injuries of MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Bandages: Material used for wrapping or binding any part of the body.Proprioception: Sensory functions that transduce stimuli received by proprioceptive receptors in joints, tendons, muscles, and the INNER EAR into neural impulses to be transmitted to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Proprioception provides sense of stationary positions and movements of one's body parts, and is important in maintaining KINESTHESIA and POSTURAL BALANCE.Genes, Bacterial: The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Virulence: The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.Musculoskeletal Manipulations: Various manipulations of body tissues, muscles and bones by hands or equipment to improve health and circulation, relieve fatigue, promote healing.Whiplash Injuries: Hyperextension injury to the neck, often the result of being struck from behind by a fast-moving vehicle, in an automobile accident. (From Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Contusions: Injuries resulting in hemorrhage, usually manifested in the skin.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Acupuncture Analgesia: Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers - the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus - to produce analgesia.Arm Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the arm.Martial Arts: Activities in which participants learn self-defense mainly through the use of hand-to-hand combat. Judo involves throwing an opponent to the ground while karate (which includes kung fu and tae kwon do) involves kicking and punching an opponent.Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Physical Therapy Modalities: Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Football: A competitive team sport played on a rectangular field. This is the American or Canadian version of the game and also includes the form known as rugby. It does not include non-North American football (= SOCCER).Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Serotyping: Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.Skiing: A snow sport which uses skis to glide over the snow. It does not include water-skiing.Sprains and Strains: A collective term for muscle and ligament injuries without dislocation or fracture. A sprain is a joint injury in which some of the fibers of a supporting ligament are ruptured but the continuity of the ligament remains intact. A strain is an overstretching or overexertion of some part of the musculature.Base Composition: The relative amounts of the PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in a nucleic acid.Ankle: The region of the lower limb between the FOOT and the LEG.Plasmids: Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.Exercise Therapy: A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.Physical Education and Training: Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Arthralgia: Pain in the joint.Genes, rRNA: Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.Drug Resistance, Microbial: The ability of microorganisms, especially bacteria, to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Soft Tissue Injuries: Injuries of tissue other than bone. The concept is usually general and does not customarily refer to internal organs or viscera. It is meaningful with reference to regions or organs where soft tissue (muscle, fat, skin) should be differentiated from bones or bone tissue, as "soft tissue injuries of the hand".Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Military Medicine: The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.Neck Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the neck. It includes injuries to the skin, muscles, and other soft tissues of the neck.Genome, Bacterial: The genetic complement of a BACTERIA as represented in its DNA.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Injury Severity Score: An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial: Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.Kinesthesis: Sense of movement of a part of the body, such as movement of fingers, elbows, knees, limbs, or weights.Accidents, Occupational: Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.Nucleic Acid Hybridization: Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)RNA, Bacterial: Ribonucleic acid in bacteria having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.Postural Balance: A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.Ointments: Semisolid preparations used topically for protective emollient effects or as a vehicle for local administration of medications. Ointment bases are various mixtures of fats, waxes, animal and plant oils and solid and liquid hydrocarbons.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Casts, Surgical: Dressings made of fiberglass, plastic, or bandage impregnated with plaster of paris used for immobilization of various parts of the body in cases of fractures, dislocations, and infected wounds. In comparison with plaster casts, casts made of fiberglass or plastic are lightweight, radiolucent, able to withstand moisture, and less rigid.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.DNA Fingerprinting: A technique for identifying individuals of a species that is based on the uniqueness of their DNA sequence. Uniqueness is determined by identifying which combination of allelic variations occur in the individual at a statistically relevant number of different loci. In forensic studies, RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM of multiple, highly polymorphic VNTR LOCI or MICROSATELLITE REPEAT loci are analyzed. The number of loci used for the profile depends on the ALLELE FREQUENCY in the population.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Hockey: A game in which two parties of players provided with curved or hooked sticks seek to drive a ball or puck through opposite goals. This applies to either ice hockey or field hockey.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Massage: The systematic and methodical manipulations of body tissues best performed with the hands for the purpose of affecting the nervous and muscular systems and the general circulation.Edema: Abnormal fluid accumulation in TISSUES or body cavities. Most cases of edema are present under the SKIN in SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field: Gel electrophoresis in which the direction of the electric field is changed periodically. This technique is similar to other electrophoretic methods normally used to separate double-stranded DNA molecules ranging in size up to tens of thousands of base-pairs. However, by alternating the electric field direction one is able to separate DNA molecules up to several million base-pairs in length.Immobilization: The restriction of the MOVEMENT of whole or part of the body by physical means (RESTRAINT, PHYSICAL) or chemically by ANALGESIA, or the use of TRANQUILIZING AGENTS or NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS. It includes experimental protocols used to evaluate the physiologic effects of immobility.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Foot: The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.Staphylococcus aureus: Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Fractures, Bone: Breaks in bones.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length: Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.Antigens, Bacterial: Substances elaborated by bacteria that have antigenic activity.Bacterial Adhesion: Physicochemical property of fimbriated (FIMBRIAE, BACTERIAL) and non-fimbriated bacteria of attaching to cells, tissue, and nonbiological surfaces. It is a factor in bacterial colonization and pathogenicity.Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Talus: The second largest of the TARSAL BONES. It articulates with the TIBIA and FIBULA to form the ANKLE JOINT.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Weight-Bearing: The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.Virulence Factors: Those components of an organism that determine its capacity to cause disease but are not required for its viability per se. Two classes have been characterized: TOXINS, BIOLOGICAL and surface adhesion molecules that effect the ability of the microorganism to invade and colonize a host. (From Davis et al., Microbiology, 4th ed. p486)Drug Resistance, Bacterial: The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Biodegradation, Environmental: Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.Lacerations: Torn, ragged, mangled wounds.Pseudomonas: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature. Some species are pathogenic for humans, animals, and plants.Diclofenac: A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) with antipyretic and analgesic actions. It is primarily available as the sodium salt.DNA Transposable Elements: Discrete segments of DNA which can excise and reintegrate to another site in the genome. Most are inactive, i.e., have not been found to exist outside the integrated state. DNA transposable elements include bacterial IS (insertion sequence) elements, Tn elements, the maize controlling elements Ac and Ds, Drosophila P, gypsy, and pogo elements, the human Tigger elements and the Tc and mariner elements which are found throughout the animal kingdom.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Electric Stimulation Therapy: Application of electric current in treatment without the generation of perceptible heat. It includes electric stimulation of nerves or muscles, passage of current into the body, or use of interrupted current of low intensity to raise the threshold of the skin to pain.Escherichia coli Infections: Infections with bacteria of the species ESCHERICHIA COLI.Knee Injuries: Injuries to the knee or the knee joint.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Bacterial Toxins: Toxic substances formed in or elaborated by bacteria; they are usually proteins with high molecular weight and antigenicity; some are used as antibiotics and some to skin test for the presence of or susceptibility to certain diseases.Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins: Proteins isolated from the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria.Gene Deletion: A genetic rearrangement through loss of segments of DNA or RNA, bringing sequences which are normally separated into close proximity. This deletion may be detected using cytogenetic techniques and can also be inferred from the phenotype, indicating a deletion at one specific locus.Sports: Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.Escherichia coli Proteins: Proteins obtained from ESCHERICHIA COLI.Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal: Anti-inflammatory agents that are non-steroidal in nature. In addition to anti-inflammatory actions, they have analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions.They act by blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, which converts arachidonic acid to cyclic endoperoxides, precursors of prostaglandins. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis accounts for their analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions; other mechanisms may contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects.Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid: The sequential correspondence of nucleotides in one nucleic acid molecule with those of another nucleic acid molecule. Sequence homology is an indication of the genetic relatedness of different organisms and gene function.Actinomycetales: An order of gram-positive, primarily aerobic BACTERIA that tend to form branching filaments.Chromosomes, Bacterial: Structures within the nucleus of bacterial cells consisting of or containing DNA, which carry genetic information essential to the cell.Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Genetic Complementation Test: A test used to determine whether or not complementation (compensation in the form of dominance) will occur in a cell with a given mutant phenotype when another mutant genome, encoding the same mutant phenotype, is introduced into that cell.Recombination, Genetic: Production of new arrangements of DNA by various mechanisms such as assortment and segregation, CROSSING OVER; GENE CONVERSION; GENETIC TRANSFORMATION; GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; or mixed infection of viruses.Failed Back Surgery Syndrome: A condition of persistent pain and discomfort in the BACK and the LEG following lumbar surgery, often seen in patients enrolled in pain centers.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Conjugation, Genetic: A parasexual process in BACTERIA; ALGAE; FUNGI; and ciliate EUKARYOTA for achieving exchange of chromosome material during fusion of two cells. In bacteria, this is a uni-directional transfer of genetic material; in protozoa it is a bi-directional exchange. In algae and fungi, it is a form of sexual reproduction, with the union of male and female gametes.Pseudomonas aeruginosa: A species of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens (wound, burn, and urinary tract infections). It is also found widely distributed in soil and water. P. aeruginosa is a major agent of nosocomial infection.Posture: The position or attitude of the body.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Molecular Epidemiology: The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.Causality: The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.Feedback, Sensory: A mechanism of communicating one's own sensory system information about a task, movement or skill.Saccharomyces cerevisiae: A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Mice, Inbred BALB CRandom Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique: Technique that utilizes low-stringency polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification with single primers of arbitrary sequence to generate strain-specific arrays of anonymous DNA fragments. RAPD technique may be used to determine taxonomic identity, assess kinship relationships, analyze mixed genome samples, and create specific probes.Food Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.Colony Count, Microbial: Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.United StatesSalmonella typhimurium: A serotype of Salmonella enterica that is a frequent agent of Salmonella gastroenteritis in humans. It also causes PARATYPHOID FEVER.Military Personnel: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.Aerobiosis: Life or metabolic reactions occurring in an environment containing oxygen.Restriction Mapping: Use of restriction endonucleases to analyze and generate a physical map of genomes, genes, or other segments of DNA.Lumbar Vertebrae: VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.Streptococcus: A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms occur in pairs or chains. No endospores are produced. Many species exist as commensals or parasites on man or animals with some being highly pathogenic. A few species are saprophytes and occur in the natural environment.Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Mutagenesis, Insertional: Mutagenesis where the mutation is caused by the introduction of foreign DNA sequences into a gene or extragenic sequence. This may occur spontaneously in vivo or be experimentally induced in vivo or in vitro. Proviral DNA insertions into or adjacent to a cellular proto-oncogene can interrupt GENETIC TRANSLATION of the coding sequences or interfere with recognition of regulatory elements and cause unregulated expression of the proto-oncogene resulting in tumor formation.Stress, Mechanical: A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.Operon: In bacteria, a group of metabolically related genes, with a common promoter, whose transcription into a single polycistronic MESSENGER RNA is under the control of an OPERATOR REGION.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Professional Practice: The use of one's knowledge in a particular profession. It includes, in the case of the field of biomedicine, professional activities related to health care and the actual performance of the duties related to the provision of health care.Mice, Inbred C57BLCrosses, Genetic: Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Anaerobiosis: The complete absence, or (loosely) the paucity, of gaseous or dissolved elemental oxygen in a given place or environment. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Electroacupuncture: A form of acupuncture with electrical impulses passing through the needles to stimulate NERVE TISSUE. It can be used for ANALGESIA; ANESTHESIA; REHABILITATION; and treatment for diseases.Antibiosis: A natural association between organisms that is detrimental to at least one of them. This often refers to the production of chemicals by one microorganism that is harmful to another.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Accidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Staphylococcal Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS.Bacteriological Techniques: Techniques used in studying bacteria.Bacillus: A genus of BACILLACEAE that are spore-forming, rod-shaped cells. Most species are saprophytic soil forms with only a few species being pathogenic.Schools: Educational institutions.Muscle Weakness: A vague complaint of debility, fatigue, or exhaustion attributable to weakness of various muscles. The weakness can be characterized as subacute or chronic, often progressive, and is a manifestation of many muscle and neuromuscular diseases. (From Wyngaarden et al., Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p2251)Competitive Behavior: The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.Polysaccharides, Bacterial: Polysaccharides found in bacteria and in capsules thereof.Staphylococcus: A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, coccoid bacteria. Its organisms occur singly, in pairs, and in tetrads and characteristically divide in more than one plane to form irregular clusters. Natural populations of Staphylococcus are found on the skin and mucous membranes of warm-blooded animals. Some species are opportunistic pathogens of humans and animals.Fimbriae, Bacterial: Thin, hairlike appendages, 1 to 20 microns in length and often occurring in large numbers, present on the cells of gram-negative bacteria, particularly Enterobacteriaceae and Neisseria. Unlike flagella, they do not possess motility, but being protein (pilin) in nature, they possess antigenic and hemagglutinating properties. They are of medical importance because some fimbriae mediate the attachment of bacteria to cells via adhesins (ADHESINS, BACTERIAL). Bacterial fimbriae refer to common pili, to be distinguished from the preferred use of "pili", which is confined to sex pili (PILI, SEX).Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.DNA, Fungal: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of fungi.Open Reading Frames: A sequence of successive nucleotide triplets that are read as CODONS specifying AMINO ACIDS and begin with an INITIATOR CODON and end with a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR).Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Resistance Training: A type of strength-building exercise program that requires the body muscle to exert a force against some form of resistance, such as weight, stretch bands, water, or immovable objects. Resistance exercise is a combination of static and dynamic contractions involving shortening and lengthening of skeletal muscles.Rest: Freedom from activity.Hemolysin Proteins: Proteins from BACTERIA and FUNGI that are soluble enough to be secreted to target ERYTHROCYTES and insert into the membrane to form beta-barrel pores. Biosynthesis may be regulated by HEMOLYSIN FACTORS.Antibodies, Bacterial: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.Multigene Family: A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Environmental Microbiology: The study of microorganisms living in a variety of environments (air, soil, water, etc.) and their pathogenic relationship to other organisms including man.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Lifting: Moving or bringing something from a lower level to a higher one. The concept encompasses biomechanic stresses resulting from work done in transferring objects from one plane to another as well as the effects of varying techniques of patient handling and transfer.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Animals, Outbred Strains: Animals that are generated from breeding two genetically dissimilar strains of the same species.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
The most common types of injuries were (in order) strains, sprains and contusions. Locations most commonly injured were ... The extra three inches was to relieve stress on the dog's back.), through which the dog weaves. The dog must always enter with ... Double and Triple Jump (I.e. Spread Jump) Two uprights supporting two or three horizontal bars spread forward or back from each ... can cross back on itself, can use the same obstacle more than once, can have two obstacles so close to each other that the dog ...
Sprained knee; did not play 03/01/95: Charles Barkley: Sprained knee; did not play 03/14/95: Wayman Tisdale: Strained rib; ... Sprained rib cage muscle; out until November 18 11/12/94: Danny Ainge: Flu; did not play 11/15/94: Antonio Lang: Back spasms; ... sore back; did not play 04/09/95: Danny Ainge: Bruised knee, sore back; did not play 04/15/95: Charles Barkley: League ... Strained stomach muscle; did not play 12/12/94: Kevin Johnson: Strained groin; did not play 12/12/94: Aaron Swinson: Knee ...
Strained calf; out until April 26 04/21/96: Kevin Johnson: Strained calf; did not play 04/26/96: Michael Finley: Sprained ankle ... Bruised lower back; did not play 12/16/95: Kevin Johnson: Strained groin; out until January 21 12/16/95: Stefano Rusconi: Flu; ... Strained shoulder; placed on injured list until March 29 03/13/96: Danny Manning: Sprained ankle; out until March 21 03/29/96: ... strained groin; out until February 19 02/13/96: Wayman Tisdale: Injured eye; did not play 03/01/96: Terrence Rencher: Sprained ...
Musculoskeletal disorders often involve strains and sprains to the lower back, shoulders, and upper limbs. Potentially ... hips and feet with the load in front at all times rather than twisting their back. The lower back is not designed to torque or ... Pushing is generally easier on the back than pulling. It is important to use both the arms and legs to provide the leverage to ... Lifting containers can strain the lumbar vertebrae when done improperly. Ergonomic lifting techniques involve keeping loads ...
Common injuries include strains, sprains, fractures, dislocations, and concussions. Concussions have become a concern, as they ... neck and back are also common, as are muscle strains to the hamstrings, quads, calves and the abdomen. Concussions are ... The most common types of injuries are strains, sprains, bruises, fractures, dislocations, and concussions. According to the NFL ... The modern helmet traces its roots back to the leather helmets used by football players in the early 1900s to protect ...
Andrew Bynum did not played in the second game of back-to-backs due to a knee injury at the beginning of the season; missed two ... C. J. Miles missed four games in late-November due to a right calf strain. Tyler Zeller missed two games in late-November due ... Luol Deng missed three games in mid-March due to a left ankle sprain. Kyrie Irving missed eight games in mid-March until late ... Team had back-to-back games of at least 10 blocks for the first time since December 6, 2008. December 7, 2013- Held the Los ...
Risk of injury from trigenics can occur during manual muscle testing (strains, sprains). Due to the maximal contraction during ... Trigenics is used to for musculoskeletal conditions such as neck pain, back pain, tendonitis, shoulder pain, carpal tunnel ...
... sprains, strains, back and neck pain, spinal conditions, and amputations. Joint and spine mobilization/manipulation, dry ... acute trauma such as sprains, strains, injuries of insidious onset such as tendinopathy, bursitis and deformities like ... The earliest documented origins of actual physical therapy as a professional group date back to Per Henrik Ling, "Father of ... These can include stroke, chronic back pain, Alzheimer's disease, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT), ALS, brain injury, ...
A minor sprain may only need a week to recover, however severe ankle sprains can result in a player being out for 6-10 weeks. ... The athlete may also want to start in a lower grade then usual to help ease back into the game. They should aim to play one ... "Other" types of injuries in netball vary including; lower leg strain, quadriceps haematoma, rotator cuff shoulder problems, an ... A sprained ankle is a tear or complete rupture of a ligament. The most commonly injured ligament is the Anterior Talofibular ...
... is used to relieve pain caused by muscle injuries like strains and sprains in combination with rest and physical ... A 2004 review found fair evidence that orphenadrine is effective for acute back or neck pain, but found insufficient evidence ...
Ian Kinsler put the Rangers back ahead 2-1 with a solo shot to left field in the 7th. An RBI single by Carlos Peña in the 8th ... Gabe Kapler was put on the disabled list with an ankle sprain on August 16. His spot on the roster was taken by Carlos Peña, ... Outfielder Gabe Kapler was put on the disabled list on June 12 for a hip flexor strain. Justin Ruggiano was called up to take ... Rangers, with Pena back, Kapler on DL and lots going on". St. Petersburg Times. Archived from the original on August 19, 2010. ...
Many back injuries share similar causes. Strains and sprains to the back muscles can be caused by improper movements while ... or other tissues of the back. Common back injuries include sprains and strains, herniated discs, and fractured vertebrae. The ... The risk for back sprains and strains may be reduced with lifestyle choices, including smoking cessation, limiting alcohol, ... Check date values in: ,date= (help) "Back Muscle Strains and Sprains , Cleveland Clinic". Cleveland Clinic. Retrieved 2017-08- ...
In his first training camp in 2005 as a rookie, He sprained his right knee and ankle while straining his calf. What could have ... He missed the first three preseason games but bounced back in time for the final preseason game and recorded three tackles and ...
Against the Kings, in the second night of a back-to-back, the Mavs won after overtime by five. The Mavs blew Memphis out back ... Marion missed the game at Houston due to a strained groin and Sacramento. Dominique Jones was ill and was not able to play ... Shawn Marion suffered a sprained MCL in the game against Portland in his left knee and missed the next three games. Troy Murphy ... On a back-2-back, the Mavs lost at home to Milwaukee and at Memphis, shrinking their playoff hopes to a minimum. After three ...
"Soft Tissue Injuries (Sprains and Strains)". Victoria State Government. "Sprains, Strains, and Other Soft Tissue Injuries". ... Some of the most common places that strains occur are in the foot, back of the leg (hamstring), or back. A contusion is the ... A strain is a type of acute injury that occurs to the muscle or tendon. Similar to sprains, it can vary in severity, from a ... Common soft tissue injuries usually occur from a sprain, strain, a one off blow resulting in a contusion or overuse of a ...
... muscle strains, sprains and bruises. "Financial Highlights". Hisamitsu Pharmaceutical. Retrieved April 6, 2015. "Company ... a transdermal patch containing ketoprofen for the treatment of back pain; Vesicum, a formulation containing ibuprofen piconol; ...
It allows the machine to move back and forth smoothly as if there is water beneath you. The slides can be connected in rows or ... Rowing is a low impact activity with movement only in defined ranges, so twist and sprain injuries are rare. However, the ... repetitive rowing action can put strain on knee joints, the spine and the tendons of the forearm, and inflammation of these are ... In America, the earliest known race dates back to 1756 in New York, when a pettiauger defeated a Cape Cod whaleboat in a race. ...
... not have a clear cause but is believed to be the result of non-serious muscle or skeletal issues such as sprains or strains. ... There are three general types of low back pain by cause: mechanical back pain (including nonspecific musculoskeletal strains, ... Low back pain can be broadly classified into four main categories: Musculoskeletal - mechanical (including muscle strain, ... Low back pain (LBP) is a common disorder involving the muscles, nerves, and bones of the back. Pain can vary from a dull ...
Sprained ankle; did not play 01/14/97: Mark Bryant: Abdominal strain; did not play 01/14/97: Rex Chapman: Sprained ankle; did ... Strained lower back; placed on injured list until March 25 03/17/97: Mark Bryant: Bruised foot; placed on injured reserve until ... The Suns would head back to Seattle tied 2-2 for a deciding fifth game. The Suns turned to small ball, starting four guards ( ... Back spasms; did not play 12/28/96: Kevin Johnson: Flu; did not play 12/30/96: Tony Dumas: Injured finger; did not play 12/30/ ...
Sprains and strains of sacroiliac region (847) Sprains and strains of other and unspecified parts of back (848) Other and ill- ... Sprains and strains of wrist and hand (843) Sprains and strains of hip and thigh (844) Sprains and strains of knee and leg (845 ... Sprains and strains of shoulder and upper arm (841) Sprains and strains of elbow and forearm (842) ... defined sprains and strains (850) Concussion (851) Cerebral laceration and contusion (852) Subarachnoid, subdural, and ...
... sprains and strains, slips and falls, back injuries, hypothermia and frostbite, and accidents involving road traffic. Persons ... Proper snow throwing technique minimizes strains and back injuries. Recommended technique is that when lifting snow, the user ... bends their knees to collect the snow while maintaining a straight back, then straightening the legs to stand and lift. It is ...
... strains, and sprains. The correlation between having a significant amount of core strength and spinal health has been well ... Without core stability the lower back is not supported from inside and can be injured by strain caused by the exercise[citation ... Epub 2010 Mar 16 Rackwitz B, et al Segmental stabilizing exercises and low back pain. What is the evidence? A systematic review ... Hip muscle imbalance and low back pain in athletes: influence of core strengthening. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 34 (1), 9-16 Hibbs ...
... and often involve strains and sprains to the lower back, shoulders, and upper limbs. Ergonomic improvements can be used to ... Under ideal circumstances, the maximum recommended weight for manual lifting to avoid back injuries is 51 lb (23.13 kg). Using ...
Sprained right ankle; left game 01/18/98: Hot Rod Williams; Flu, did not play 01/30/98: Cedric Ceballos: Strained right calf; ... Strained lower back; placed on injured list until November 21 10/31/97: George McCloud: Concussion; did not play 11/20/97: ... Strained lower back; placed on injured list until January 30 12/02/97: Kevin Johnson: Right knee tendinitis; out until December ... Sprained left ankle; did not play 02/22/98: Steve Nash: Did not play 03/05/98: Rex Chapman: Sore right foot; out until March 13 ...
... withdrew due to a mid-back strain) Elena Dementieva (Quarterfinals) Nadia Petrova (withdrew due to a right pectoralis strain) ... Patty Schnyder (Second round) Alicia Molik (First round) Anastasia Myskina (withdrew due to a left ankle sprain) Nathalie Dechy ...
The most common injury found among the data were sprains and strains which accounted for 52.4% of the data. Additional injuries ... of women complained of lower back pain when wearing heels and 55% of women said they felt the worst overall back pain when ... the estimated fascicle strains were approximately three times higher and the fascicle strain rate was approximately six times ... High heels have a long history, dating as far back as the tenth century. The Persian cavalry, for example, wore a kind of boot ...
Muscle strains usually happen in the front (quadriceps) or the back (hamstrings) of the thigh. Most knee and ankle sprains ... Sprains and strains. Sprains and strains become more common as children get older. Ankles, knees, and elbows are the joints ... Muscle strains can occur with trying to kick too high or punch too hard without using correct form or having properly warmed up ... Swelling often persists for weeks to months after a finger joint sprain. Ice, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and range ...
Sprains and strains. Injury to ligaments, muscles and tendons can occur from overstretching these structures resulting in torn ... Back injuries. These occur in martial arts where lifting, twisting, and falling is involved (e.g. throwing in judo). Back pain ... Amateurs are more likely to suffer contusions, sprains and strains. Before beginning martial arts or any type of sport, it is ...
In addition, just as any athlete, you will acquire your own laundry list of strains, sprains, soreness, and joint problems. ... In fact, truly dangerous fighters tend to be very polite, or at least very laid back and quiet. Its difficult to provoke them ...
Should you receive a little amount back again, which is alright, much too, as this hard cash infusion might be invested back ... In the event your cat is spraying on account of strain, any sort of punishment or scolding can be an exceedingly big ... sprains, etcetera you may choose a trusted medical care centre. ... In case you are taken the motor out and back in then think ... Did you know that for each and every greenback that you make tax deductible you can get close to 15¢ to even 50¢ back from the ...
Discover the difference between a back strain and sprain from Cleveland Clinic. Learn the causes and symptoms of these common ... Back Strains and Sprains A back strain is an injury to either a muscle or tendon, while a back sprain is the stretching or ... How common are back strains and sprains?. Strains and sprains are very common injuries. Next to headaches, back problems are ... What are the symptoms of a back strain or sprain?. Symptoms of a strain or sprain include:. *Pain that gets worse when you move ...
The evaluation of an acute back strain or sprain begins with a history and ... ... Another name for Acute Back Strain or Sprain is Acute Back Strain or Sprain. ... Acute Back Strain or Sprain Evaluation. The evaluation of an acute back strain or sprain begins with a history and physical ... PubMed Acute Back Strain or Sprain References *Papadopoulos EC, Khan SN. Piriformis syndrome and low back pain: a new ...
If your heels, hip, back of head, upper back and lower back simultaneously make contact with the wall then - Congratulations! ... The upper back and the lower region of the neck support our head. The joints (three in number) in the top of the neck allow ... Any strain, stress or injury caused to these joints will result in pain behind the neck and below the head. But what causes the ... Also if there is a disruption of the joint in the neck or upper back, neck pain occurs. If the nerves that rise from the ...
How Low Back Strains and Sprains Occur. The low back, or lumbar spine, is the chief weight-bearing structure of the human ... sprain or strain is the most common diagnosis.. Sprains and strains often result from excessive physical demands on the spine, ... It is also important to remember that you should not assume every case of low back pain is simply a strain or sprain. If your ... Although the pain can be severe and even temporarily disabling, the good news is that most low back strains and sprains are ...
... muscle strain or ligament sprain. Contains 3 Instant Ice Packs and 3 Cohesive Elastic Bandages. ... Money Back Guarantee PhysioRoom.com offers a 30 day money back guarantee. This means that for the 30 days following your ... The PhysioRoom.com Sprains & Strains Repair Kit contains:. *3 x Instant Ice Packs. No freezer required, which means you can ... PhysioRoom.com Sprains & Strains Repair Kit is in stock and available for immediate dispatch from our Warehouse facility in ...
Strains, sprains, and pulled muscles (soft tissue injuries) are common in kittens. Learn more. ... Giving Back Advocates for Homeless Pets. * How We Give Back » * Academic Scholarships » ... Most sprains, strains, and pulled muscles go away on their own with rest and ice, but if they appear to cause your cat severe ... Strains, sprains, and pulled muscles are all common injuries in kittens. Keep a close eye on your kitten, especially if they ...
These are some common strains:. * Back strain. This happens when the muscles that support the spine are twisted, pulled, or ... A severe sprain or strain may need surgery or immobilization, followed by physical therapy. Mild sprains and strains may need ... If youve sprained your ankle, you know what severe pain is.. But maybe that "sprain" was a "strain" or possibly even a "break ... And a sprained ankle is more likely if youve had a previous sprain there. Repeated sprains can lead to ankle arthritis, a ...
Learn how to lower your risks of sprains and strains. ... A sprain is a stretch or tear of a ligament while a strain is ... Strains can happen suddenly or develop over time. Back and hamstring muscle strains are common. Many people get strains playing ... Foot sprain - aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish * Hamstring strain - aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in ... Sprains and Strains (National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases) Also in Spanish ...
A strain refers to an injury to a muscle, occurring when a muscle-tendon unit is stretched or overloaded. ... The most frequent cervical injuries in athletes are probably acute strains and sprains of the musculature of the neck, as well ... Neck and low back injuries in wrestling. Clin Sports Med. 1986 Apr. 5(2):295-325. [Medline]. ... encoded search term (Cervical Spine Sprain/Strain Injuries) and Cervical Spine Sprain/Strain Injuries What to Read Next on ...
Ive strained my back. Massage, painkillers and avoiding stressing your back are immediately important, but hot or cold ... I sprained my ankle two weeks ago and have done everything necessary such as ice and compression. I saw my GP also and he said ... I sprained my ankle and want to keep fit. Generally speaking, providing the apparatus in question doesnt aggravate the problem ... I need a cushion for my back pain. These professionals can offer advice about your posture as well as teach exercises that will ...
Strains are particularly common in the legs and lower back.. A sprain is when the ligaments have been stretched, twisted, or ... Sprains and strains. The most common cause of muscle stiffness is a sprain or strain, which can affect both the muscles and ... Sprains and strains. (2016, March 6). Retrieved from https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/sprains-and-strains/ ... Alongside sprains and strains, exercise or physical stress may cause muscle stiffness. ...
Although the incidence of low back injuries is much less in athletes than in a corresponding population of industrial workers, ... Low back pain (LBP) is a well-known health concern in the United States. ... encoded search term (Lumbosacral Spine Sprain/Strain Injuries) and Lumbosacral Spine Sprain/Strain Injuries What to Read Next ... Lumbosacral Spine Sprain/Strain Injuries Clinical Presentation. Updated: Mar 11, 2015 * Author: Andrea Radebold, MD; Chief ...
Muscle Strains vs. Ligament Sprains. Muscle strains and ligament sprains are the leading cause of acute lower back pain in ... Strains and Sprains in Lower Back Pain. bt-admin. July 22, 2017. Blog, Education Leave a Comment ... Treatments for Strains and Sprains. Anti-inflammatory pain medication and ice packs are good short-term treatments while the ... Symptoms of Muscle Strains and Ligament Sprains. Some symptoms include localized pain that doesnt radiate, muscle spasms, and ...
The most commonly-used treatments for sprains are, in fact, alternative treatments that you can do at home without any ... Sprains and Strains. A sprain occurs when there is an injury to the ligament supporting a joint. The most common sprains are ... Continue Learning about Sprains and Strains. Weekend Warrior: Simple Self-Care for Minor Strains, Sprains and Bruises ... Symptoms of sprains are swelling, bruising, pain and sometimes loss of movement to the affected joint. Learn more about sprains ...
Learn about 13 causes of middle back pain and discover techniques to find relief. Common causes include poor posture, arthritis ... 7. Muscle strain or sprain. Repeatedly lifting heavy objects or carrying items improperly can cause the muscles and ligaments ... People with osteoporosis in the back can experience middle back pain due to strains or compression fractures. ... Back pain is a common experience for many people over the age of 30.. Pain in any part of the back becomes more likely as a ...
Learn how to lower your risks of sprains and strains. ... A sprain is a stretch or tear of a ligament while a strain is ... Strains can happen suddenly or develop over time. Back and hamstring muscle strains are common. Many people get strains playing ... Broken Bones, Sprains, and Strains (For Parents) (Nemours Foundation) * Strains and Sprains Are a Pain (Nemours Foundation) ... Foot sprain - aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish * Hamstring strain - aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in ...
Many actions involving the knee start in your hips and lower back. To avoid knee strain, focus here first. ... Q&A: How Can I Rehab a Sprained Knee?. I practice yoga regularly at home. I sprained my knee in an accident recently, and Id ... I sprained my knee in an accident recently, and Id like to know how to rehabilitate it. -Anne Polvani, Peoria, Arizona ... Until your knee can bear your full weight, practice modified versions of standing poses by lying on your back and working with ...
Lumbar Back Sprains and Strains. A common cause of low back pain is a lumbar sprain or strain. These soft tissue injuries can ... Lumbar Back Sprains: Treatment and Prevention. Lumbar sprains and low back strains are a common cause of back pain. Because the ... Lumbar Back Sprains: Diagnostic Steps. How doctors diagnose a low back sprain or lumbar strain; both a common cause of ... Tang G, Rodts G, Haid RW Jr.: Patient Selection in Lumbar Arthrodesis for Low Back Pain in Surgical Management of Low Back Pain ...
... sprained your ankle, or had a bruise, strain, or some other minor injury. ... In any case, ease back into activity slowly. Ice To curb swelling and pain in the first 24 hours after a minor injury, apply a ... Is it a Sprain or Strain? Its all about what gets hurt. If you injure a muscle or tendon (which attaches muscle to bone), its ... If your sprain or strain is severe, you might need physical therapy. Your doctor can check your injury and advise the best ...
Strains = muscle injuries, as in a stretched or torn muscle/tendon Sprains = ligament injuries, as in a stretched or torn ... Both strains and sprains are really common. Both injuries have some common symptoms like pain, swelling and limited movement, ... Get back to it. After 2 or 3 days, try gentle movement or mild exercises to start using your injured area and get back to your ... Strains = muscle injuries, as in a stretched or torn muscle/tendon. Sprains = ligament injuries, as in a stretched or torn ...
For example: Sprained ankles. Strained backs. Broken bones. Chronic injuries happen after you play a sport or exercise for a ... www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/sprains-and-strains What are sprains and strains? A sprain is an injury to a ligament (tissue ... A strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon (fibrous cords of tissue that connect muscle to bone). In a strain, a muscle or ... suggest that patients with severe low back pain caused by common spinal conditions who undergo surgery initially have ...
  • Clinically tested and doctor recommended, it stimulates the muscle and tissue in the back area to encourage repair and relieve aches and pains. (oska.store)
  • Workers who must often lift, stoop, kneel, twist, grip, stretch, reach overhead, or work in other awkward positions to do a job are at risk of developing a work-related musculoskeletal disorder (WMSD) such as back problems, carpal tunnel syndrome, and tendonitis to name a few. (cdc.gov)
  • Most ankle sprains happen when the foot abruptly turns inward (inversion) or outward (eversion) as an athletes runs, turns, falls, or lands after a jump. (fooyoh.com)
  • Safety Ykili Ross is considered "50-50" to play Saturday against Colorado because of a sprained shoulder, Helton said. (pe.com)
  • Cornerback Jonathan Lockett, who suffered a shoulder sprain against Arizona State, was at practice. (pe.com)