A genus of flexible, spiral rods found in hydrogen sulfide-containing mud, sewage, and polluted water. None of the species properly referred to in this genus are pathogenic.
The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)
Xylose is a monosaccharide, a type of sugar, that is commonly found in woody plants and fruits, and it is used in medical testing to assess the absorptive capacity of the small intestine.
A genus of microorganisms of the order SPIROCHAETALES, many of which are pathogenic and parasitic for man and animals.

Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, the genetic code, and the evolutionary process. (1/83)

The aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (AARSs) and their relationship to the genetic code are examined from the evolutionary perspective. Despite a loose correlation between codon assignments and AARS evolutionary relationships, the code is far too highly structured to have been ordered merely through the evolutionary wanderings of these enzymes. Nevertheless, the AARSs are very informative about the evolutionary process. Examination of the phylogenetic trees for each of the AARSs reveals the following. (i) Their evolutionary relationships mostly conform to established organismal phylogeny: a strong distinction exists between bacterial- and archaeal-type AARSs. (ii) Although the evolutionary profiles of the individual AARSs might be expected to be similar in general respects, they are not. It is argued that these differences in profiles reflect the stages in the evolutionary process when the taxonomic distributions of the individual AARSs became fixed, not the nature of the individual enzymes. (iii) Horizontal transfer of AARS genes between Bacteria and Archaea is asymmetric: transfer of archaeal AARSs to the Bacteria is more prevalent than the reverse, which is seen only for the "gemini group. " (iv) The most far-ranging transfers of AARS genes have tended to occur in the distant evolutionary past, before or during formation of the primary organismal domains. These findings are also used to refine the theory that at the evolutionary stage represented by the root of the universal phylogenetic tree, cells were far more primitive than their modern counterparts and thus exchanged genetic material in far less restricted ways, in effect evolving in a communal sense.  (+info)

Spirochaeta aurantia has diacetyl chloramphenicol esterase activity. (2/83)

The free-living spirochete Spirochaeta aurantia was nearly as susceptible to diacetyl chloramphenicol, the product of chloramphenicol acetyltransferase, as it was to chloramphenicol itself. This unexpected susceptibility to diacetyl chloramphenicol was wholly or partly the consequence of intrinsic carboxylesterase activity, as indicated by high-performance liquid chromatography, thin-layer chromatography, and microbiological assays. The esterase converted the diacetate to chloramphenicol, thus inhibiting spirochete growth. The esterase activity was cell associated, reduced by proteinase K, eliminated by boiling, and independent of the presence of either chloramphenicol or diacetyl chloramphenicol. S. aurantia extracts also hydrolyzed other esterase substrates, and two of these, alpha-napthyl acetate and 4-methylumbelliferyl acetate, identified an esterase of approximately 75 kDa in a nondenaturing gel. Carboxylesterases occur in Streptomyces species, but in this study their activity was weaker than that of S. aurantia. The S. aurantia esterase could reduce the effectiveness of cat as either a selectable marker or a reporter gene in this species.  (+info)

Characterization of a novel spirochete associated with the hydrothermal vent polychaete annelid, Alvinella pompejana. (3/83)

A highly integrated, morphologically diverse bacterial community is associated with the dorsal surface of Alvinella pompejana, a polychaetous annelid that inhabits active high-temperature deep-sea hydrothermal vent sites along the East Pacific Rise (EPR). Analysis of a previously prepared bacterial 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) library identified a spirochete most closely related to an endosymbiont of the oligochete Olavius loisae. This spirochete phylotype (spirochete A) comprised only 2.2% of the 16S rDNA clone library but appeared to be much more dominant when the same sample was analyzed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and the terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism procedure (12 to 18%). PCR amplification of the community with spirochete-specific primers used in conjunction with DGGE analysis identified two spirochete phylotypes. The first spirochete was identical to spirochete A but was present in only one A. pompejana specimen. The second spirochete (spirochete B) was 84.5% similar to spirochete A and, more interestingly, was present in the epibiont communities of all of the A. pompejana specimens sampled throughout the geographic range of the worm (13 degrees N to 32 degrees S along the EPR). The sequence variation of the spirochete B phylotype was less than 3% for the range of A. pompejana specimens tested, suggesting that a single spirochete species was present in the A. pompejana epibiotic community. Additional analysis of the environments surrounding the worm revealed that spirochetes are a ubiquitous component of high-temperature vents and may play an important role in this unique ecosystem.  (+info)

Nitrogen fixation by symbiotic and free-living spirochetes. (4/83)

Spirochetes from termite hindguts and freshwater sediments possessed homologs of a nitrogenase gene (nifH) and exhibited nitrogenase activity, a previously unrecognized metabolic capability in spirochetes. Fixation of 15-dinitrogen was demonstrated with termite gut Treponema ZAS-9 and free-living Spirochaeta aurantia. Homologs of nifH were also present in human oral and bovine ruminal treponemes. Results implicate spirochetes in the nitrogen nutrition of termites, whose food is typically low in nitrogen, and in global nitrogen cycling. These results also proffer spirochetes as a likely origin of certain nifHs observed in termite guts and other environments that were not previously attributable to known microbes.  (+info)

Carotenoid pigments of facultatively anaerobic spirochetes. (5/83)

Carotenoid pigments were purified from a previously undescribed, red, halophilic spirochete (spirochete RS1), and from Spirochaeta aurantia strain J1. Both spirochetes are facultative anaerobes and produce pigments when growing aerobically. The major pigments of the two spirochetes were identified by means of chromatographic analysis, absorption spectroscopy, hydride reduction, acetylation and silylation experiments, and mass spectrometry. It was concluded that the major pigment from spirochete RS1 was 4-keto-1',2'-dihydro-1'-hydroxytorulene. This conclusion was further supported by infrared spectroscopy and additional analytical data. The evidence showed that the major pigment from S. aurantia was 1',2'-dihydro-1'-hydroxytorulene. Chromatographic and spectrophotometric evidence indicated that this pigment was also present, as a minor carotenoid component, in spirochete RS1. These pigments have been previously detected almost exclusively in gliding bacteria, such as species of Flexibacter, Stigmatella, and Myxococcus. The occurrence of 4-keto-1',2'-dihydro-1'-hydroxytorulene and 1',2'-dihydro-1'-hydroxytorulene in both spirochetes and gliding bacteria may have significance with respect to the evolutionary development of these organisms.  (+info)

Synergism between Trichuris suis and the microbial flora of the large intestine causing dysentery in pigs. (6/83)

The role of the microbial flora of the large intestine in experimental Trichuris suis infection was studied by comparing the clinical syndrome in conventionally reared (CR) pigs, specific pathogen-free pigs, and gnotobiotic pigs. Thedisease in CR pigs was characterized by a severe mucohemorrhagic enteritis; in contrast, a mild catarrhal enteritis was observed in specific pathogen-free and gnotobiotic pigs. Spirochaetes and vibrio-like organisms were observed only in CR pigs and increased during the clinical phase of the disease. The clinical syndrome was not transmitted by oral administration of intestinal or fecal material from infected CR pigs to CR pigs free of T. suis. Smaller numbers of T. suis produced diarrhea in CR pigs and significantly reduced the growth rates of infected animals; clinical signs and the reduction in growth rate was prevented by incorporating an antibacterial substance (dimetridazole) in the food. Although clinical trichuriasis closely resembles swin dysentery, the two syndromes seem to be distinct. The present results suggest that a microbial component acts synergistically with T. suis to produce the severe clinical syndrome in CR pigs, but identification of the microbial component and the mechanism by which clinical signs are produced await further studies of the bacterial flora of the large intestine of pigs.  (+info)

Carriage of intestinal spirochaetes by humans: epidemiological data from Western Australia. (7/83)

The purpose of this study was to investigate carriage of intestinal spirochaetes by selected population groups in Western Australia. Stool specimens from 293 rural patients with gastrointestinal disorders, and from 227 healthy migrants from developing countries were cultured. Spirochaete isolates were identified using PCR, and typed by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Brachyspira aalborgi was not isolated. Brachyspira pilosicoli was recovered from 15 rural patients, all Aboriginal. Prevalence was 9.9% in 151 Aboriginals and 0% in 142 non-Aboriginals. Carriage of B. pilosicoli amongst migrants was 10.6% (24/227). Carriage was significantly increased in Aboriginal children aged 2-5 years (P = 0.0027) and in migrant individuals from the Middle East and Africa (P = 0.0034). Carriage was significantly associated with detection of faecal protozoa in both Aboriginals (P = 0.0021) and migrants (P = 0.012). PFGE results indicated that the B. pilosicoli strains were genetically diverse.  (+info)

Evolutionary implications of microbial genome tetranucleotide frequency biases. (8/83)

We compared nucleotide usage pattern conservation for related prokaryotes by examining the representation of DNA tetranucleotide combinations in 27 representative microbial genomes. For each of the organisms studied, tetranucleotide usage departures from expectations (TUD) were shared between related organisms using both Markov chain analysis and a zero-order Markov method. Individual strains, multiple chromosomes, plasmids, and bacteriophages share TUDs within a species. TUDs varied between coding and noncoding DNA. Grouping prokaryotes based on TUD profiles resulted in relationships with important differences from those based on 16S rRNA phylogenies, which may reflect unequal rates of evolution of nucleotide usage patterns following divergence of particular organisms from a common ancestor. By both symmetrical tree distance and likelihood analysis, phylogenetic trees based on TUD profiles demonstrate a level of congruence with 16S rRNA trees similar to that of both RpoA and RecA trees. Congruence of these trees indicates that there exists phylogenetic signal in TUD patterns, most prominent in coding region DNA. Because relationships demonstrated in TUD-based analyses utilize whole genomes, they should be considered complementary to phylogenies based on single genetic elements, such as 16S rRNA.  (+info)

"Spirochaeta" is a genus of spirochete bacteria, characterized by their long, spiral-shaped bodies. These bacteria are gram-negative, meaning they do not retain crystal violet dye in the Gram staining method, and are typically motile, moving by means of endoflagella located within their outer membrane. Members of this genus are found in various environments, including freshwater, marine, and terrestrial habitats. Some species are free-living, while others are parasitic or symbiotic with animals. It is important to note that the medical significance of "Spirochaeta" species is limited compared to other spirochete genera like "Treponema," which includes the bacterium causing syphilis.

Central Asia is a geographical region in Asia that stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east, and from Russia in the north to Afghanistan in the south. It includes the former Soviet republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.

The medical definition of Central Asia may refer to the epidemiology, healthcare systems, or health issues specific to this region. For example, Central Asia has a high prevalence of infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, hepatitis, and HIV/AIDS, due to various factors including poverty, lack of access to healthcare, and mobility of populations. In addition, non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes are also becoming more prevalent in Central Asia, partly due to lifestyle changes such as unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, and tobacco use.

Overall, the medical definition of Central Asia encompasses the unique health challenges and healthcare systems that exist within this geographical region.

Xylose is a type of sugar that is commonly found in plants and wood. In the context of medical definitions, xylose is often used in tests to assess the function of the small intestine. The most common test is called the "xylose absorption test," which measures the ability of the small intestine to absorb this sugar.

In this test, a patient is given a small amount of xylose to drink, and then several blood and/or urine samples are collected over the next few hours. The amount of xylose that appears in these samples is measured and used to determine how well the small intestine is absorbing nutrients.

Abnormal results on a xylose absorption test can indicate various gastrointestinal disorders, such as malabsorption syndromes, celiac disease, or bacterial overgrowth in the small intestine.

Treponema is a genus of spiral-shaped bacteria, also known as spirochetes. These bacteria are gram-negative and have unique motility provided by endoflagella, which are located in the periplasmic space, running lengthwise between the cell's outer membrane and inner membrane.

Treponema species are responsible for several important diseases in humans, including syphilis (Treponema pallidum), yaws (Treponema pertenue), pinta (Treponema carateum), and endemic syphilis or bejel (Treponema pallidum subspecies endemicum). These diseases are collectively known as treponematoses.

It is important to note that while these bacteria share some common characteristics, they differ in their clinical manifestations and geographical distributions. Proper diagnosis and treatment of treponemal infections require medical expertise and laboratory confirmation.

2014 "Spirochaeta taiwanensis" Chi-Yu & Cai-Ji 2004 Spirochaeta thermophila Aksenova et al. 1992 Spirochaeta xylanolyticus Yeh ... 1996 Spirochaeta asiatica Zhilina et al. 1996 Spirochaeta aurantia Vinzent 1926 ex Canale-Parola 1980 Spirochaeta ... 2009 Spirochaeta halophila Greenberg & Canale-Parola 1977 Spirochaeta isovalerica Harwood and Canale-Parola 1983 Spirochaeta ... 2015 Spirochaeta plicatilis ♦ Ehrenberg 1835 (type sp.) Spirochaeta psychrophila Miyazaki et al. ...
... is a single-celled extremophile. This haloalkaliphilic and obligately anaerobic bacterium can be found in ... Spirochaeta also have unique flagella, sometimes called axial filaments, which run lengthwise between the cytoplasmic membrane ... 2003). "Spirochaeta americana sp. nov., a new haloalkaliphilic, obligately anaerobic spirochaete isolated from soda Mono Lake ... as do other Spirochaeta. This bacterium grows in environments of 10 to 44 degrees Celsius with optimal growth at 37 degrees and ...
This appears to be a characteristic of Spirochaeta thermophila not found in other Spirochaeta species. It is suggested that ... Spirochaeta thermophila is a fairly recently discovered free-living, anaerobic, spirochaete that seems to be the most ... Type strain of Spirochaeta thermophila at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase (Articles with short description, ... The temperature range for survival of Spirochaeta thermophila is between 40° and 73° C with an optimum range between 66° and 68 ...
... and reclassification of Spirochaeta bajacaliforniensis, Spirochaeta smaragdinae and Spirochaeta sinaica to a new genus ... Fracek, S.P.J.; Stolz, J.F. (1985). "Spirochaeta bajacaliforniensis sp. n. from a microbial mat community at Laguna Figueroa, ... Vishnuvardhan Reddy S, Aspana S, Tushar DL, Sasikala C, Ramana CV (2013). "Spirochaeta sphaeroplastigenens sp. nov., a halo- ... Originally described as Spirochaeta bajacaliforniensis (29 letters). Sphaerechinorhynchus macropisthospinus Amin et al., 1998 ...
Spirochaeta perfilievii and Spirochaeta smaragdinae. Spirochaeta perfilievii are gram-negative, helical bacteria. Their size ... Magot M, Fardeau ML, Arnauld O, Lanau C, Ollivier B, Thomas P, Patel BK (October 1997). "Spirochaeta smaragdinae sp. nov., a ... Spirochaeta smaragdinae are gram-negative, chemoorganotrophic, obligately anaerobic and halophilic bacteria. They are able to ... Dubinina G, Grabovich M, Leshcheva N, Rainey FA, Gavrish E (January 2011). "Spirochaeta perfilievii sp. nov., an oxygen- ...
Hoover, R. B.; Pikuta, E. V.; Bej, A. K.; Marsic, D; Whitman, W. B.; Tang, J; Krader, P (2003). "Spirochaeta americana sp. nov ... Pikuta, E. V.; Hoover, R. B.; Bej, A. K.; Marsic, D.; Whitman, W. B.; Krader, P. (2009). "Spirochaeta dissipatitropha sp. nov ... He has authored four new species of bacteria (Spirochaeta americana, Desulfonatronum thiodismutans, Tindallia californiensis) ...
Kohl, P K; Winzer I (February 2005). "[The 100 years since discovery of Spirochaeta pallida]". Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift für ... Spier, H W (December 1972). "[In memoriam Fritz Schaudinn (1871-1906): discoverer of Spirochaeta pallida]". Der Hautarzt; ... Klingmüller, G (December 1983). "[Treponema pallidum or Spirochaeta pallida?]". Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift für Dermatologie, ... Spirochaeta pallida (also known as Treponema pallidum). The work was carried out at the Berlin Charité. Among Schaudinn's other ...
Faine and Stallman 1982 ["Spirochaeta interrogans" Stimson 1907; "Spirochaeta nodosa" Hubener & Reiter 1916; "Spirochaeta ... 1916; "Spirochaeta icterogenes" Uhlenhuth & Fromme 1916; "Leptospira icteroides" Noguchi 1919] Leptospira kirschneri Ramadass ... Faine and Stallman 1982 ["Spirochaeta biflexa" Wolbach & Binger 1914] Leptospira idonii Saito et al. 2013 Leptospira meyeri ...
2015 Genus Spirochaeta Ehrenberg 1835 em. Pikuta et al. 2009 non Turczaninow 1851 Genus Thiospirochaeta Dubinina et al. 2020 ...
Spirochaeta cytophaga was renamed to Cytophaga myxococcoides. Gliding motility, which is present throughout the Cytophaga- ... In 1933, Polish microbiologist Helena Krzemieniewska identified differences in the life cycle between Spirochaeta cytophaga and ... Winogradsky mistakenly classified Cytophaga hutchinsonii as identical to Spirochaeta cytophaga. The 5 species were classified ... Winogradsky found several cellulose decomposers which were morphologically similar to Spirochaeta cytophaga, a bacterium ...
Kohl, P. K.; Winzer, I. (February 2005). "[The 100 years since discovery of Spirochaeta pallida]". Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift ... which they first called Spirochaeta pallida. The organism was removed from a papule in the vulva of a woman with secondary ...
"Moneres") in German Bacillus - a genus of spore-forming rod shaped bacteria first described in 1835 Spirochaeta - thin spiral ... Spirochaeta and Bacterium, by Ehrenberg (1838). The term Bacterium, introduced as a genus by Ehrenberg in 1838, became a catch- ... and Spirochaeta. The group was later reclassified as the Prokaryotes by Chatton. The classification of Cyanobacteria ( ... from Spirochaeta) Synergistota (from Synergistes) Thermodesulfobacteriota (from Thermodesulfobacterium) Thermomicrobiota (from ...
"The behavior of Spirochaeta recurrentis Lebert in lice." Bulletin de la Société de pathologie exotique et de ses filiales, Vol ...
They named the organism Spirochaeta nodosa and Spirochaeta Icterogenes respectively. Leptospirosis was subsequently recognised ...
Spirochaeta) latychevii Sofiev 1941". Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée. 30 (3): 225-242. doi:10.1051/parasite/ ...
1952 Oct; 11(4):343-72 Morphology of Spirochaeta myelophthora in multiple sclerosis. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 1954 Jan; 13(1): ...
Krzemieniewska, Helena (1933). Spirochaeta cytophaga Hutch i Clayt oraz Cytophaga Hutchinsoni Winogradsky: (studjum porównawcze ... Krzemieniewska, Helena (1930). Le cycle évolutif de Spirochaeta cytophaga Hutchinson et Clayton (in French). Retrieved 5 ...
Med., 62.1 (1989), pp.1-9 Noguchi H (1912). "Experimental research in syphilis with especial reference to Spirochaeta pallida ( ...
... , formerly known as Spirochaeta duttoni, is a species of Borrelia. It can be associated with relapsing fever. ...
... may refer to: African tick fever; see Spirochaeta duttoni Bovine Babesiosis Ruminant Anaplasmosis Colorado tick ...
Übertragung von Spirochaeta duttoni. Acta Trop. 8:193-262, 1951. Burgdorfer, W. and Ekland C. M. Studies on the ecology of ...
Spirochaeta Pallida (Agent de la Syphilis) (1909) Microbes contenus dans l'intestin d'une souris (1910) Lavez-vous les mains ... He published his thesis, along with his film Spirochaeta Pallida (Agent de la Syphilis), in October 1909. Before and after ...
Spirochaeta - thin spiral-shaped bacteria first described in 1835 Haeckel does not explicitly assign this genus to the Monera. ...
Steel believed that the pasasite was a type of spirochaete bacteria and named it Spirochaeta evansi, honouring the original ...
Sometimes tonsillitis is caused by an infection of spirochaeta and treponema, which is called Vincent's angina or Plaut-Vincent ... of chronic tonsillitis was caused by Spirochaeta [non-primary source needed] Ezzeddini R, Darabi M, Ghasemi B, Jabbari ...
Ehrlich and Bertheim had experimented with various chemicals derived from dyes to treat trypanosomiasis in mice and spirochaeta ...
CNG channels have also been found to exist in prokaryotes, including many spirochaeta, though their precise role in bacterial ... Because these channels were only recently identified in spirochaeta and leptospira species, their precise physiological ...
Three or four bouts of fever were enough to kill the temperature-sensitive syphilis bacteria (Spirochaeta pallida also known as ...
However, Steel mistakenly recognised the parasite was as a type of spirochaete bacteria and named it Spirochaeta evansi, in ...
... was originally cultured in 1907, but was thought to be Spirochaeta interrogans due to the question mark ...
2014 "Spirochaeta taiwanensis" Chi-Yu & Cai-Ji 2004 Spirochaeta thermophila Aksenova et al. 1992 Spirochaeta xylanolyticus Yeh ... 1996 Spirochaeta asiatica Zhilina et al. 1996 Spirochaeta aurantia Vinzent 1926 ex Canale-Parola 1980 Spirochaeta ... 2009 Spirochaeta halophila Greenberg & Canale-Parola 1977 Spirochaeta isovalerica Harwood and Canale-Parola 1983 Spirochaeta ... 2015 Spirochaeta plicatilis ♦ Ehrenberg 1835 (type sp.) Spirochaeta psychrophila Miyazaki et al. ...
Spirochaeta litoralis and Spirochaeta isovalerica, two marine obligate anaerobes. On the basis of its phenotypic properties and ... Spirochaeta cellobiosiphila sp. nov., a facultatively anaerobic, marine spirochaete. Published in:. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ... On the basis of its 16S rRNA gene sequence, strain SIP1(T) was grouped among other members of the genus Spirochaeta, but it ... phylogenetic position, strain SIP1(T) represents a novel species of the genus Spirochaeta, for which the name Spirochaeta ...
Spirochaeta answers are found in the Tabers Medical Dictionary powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, ... "Spirochaeta." Tabers Medical Dictionary, 24th ed., F.A. Davis Company, 2021. Nursing Central, nursing.unboundmedicine.com/ ... nursingcentral/view/Tabers-Dictionary/763110/all/Spirochaeta. Spirochaeta. In: Venes DD, ed. Tabers Medical Dictionary. F.A. ... Spirochaeta [Internet]. In: Venes DD, editors. Tabers Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; 2021. [cited 2023 December 01]. ...
Most abundant phyla were Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, Tenericutes and Spirochaeta. Few highly abundant bacterial ... Tenericutes and Spirochaeta occurred in individual samples with a relative abundance of up to 17.4%. Lower abundances were ...
Categories: Spirochaeta Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, CopyrightRestricted 1 ...
... which was named Spirochaeta interrogans because its shape resembled that of a question mark. Inada et al identified the causal ... agent of infectious jaundice in Japan in 1916, naming the organism Spirochaeta icterohaemorrhagiae. [14] ...
Spirochaeta thermophila (strain ATCC 49972 / DSM 6192 / RI 19.B1). 4D7T. CATH. ...
Finally, the finding this year of Spirochaeta pallida in syphilis by Schaudinn and others in man, and by Metschnikoff and Roux ... Schaudinn, moreover, informs me that he has observed the multiplication of the Spirochaeta obermeieri in Cimex. These ...
Spirochaeta_2 RSV_genus1306 Bacteria;Spirochaetae;Spirochaetes;Spirochaetales;Spirochaetaceae;Treponema RSV_genus1307 Bacteria; ...
Spirochaeta, Halomonas, Gallionella, Roseomonas, PSB-M-3, Dechloromonas, Bacillus, Devosia, Hydrogenophaga, Sediminibacterium, ... Spirochaeta, Halomonas, Gallionella, Roseomonas, PSB-M-3, Fusibacter, Dechloromonas, Bacillus, Devosia, Sediminibacterium, ...
... which was named Spirochaeta interrogans because its shape resembled that of a question mark. Inada et al identified the causal ... agent of infectious jaundice in Japan in 1916, naming the organism Spirochaeta icterohaemorrhagiae. [14] ...
Spirochaeta? preis xifaxan 200mg 400mg rifaximine rifaximin Herbiest old « Waar kan ik kopen arcoxia auxib nederland» worked ... preis wie heißt der wirkstoff von aldara each haemorrhagic reelecting japanning from vitrify all unhousewifely Spirochaeta? ... avolve zyfetor 0.5mg filmtabletten preis not each haemorrhagic reelecting japanning from vitrify all unhousewifely Spirochaeta ...
Spirochaeta Preferred Term Term UI T038641. Date01/01/1999. LexicalTag NON. ThesaurusID NLM (1966). ... Spirochaeta Preferred Concept UI. M0020346. Registry Number. txid146. Scope Note. A genus of flexible, spiral rods found in ... Spirochaeta. Tree Number(s). B03.440.425.410.711.679. B03.851.595.679. Unique ID. D013142. RDF Unique Identifier. http://id.nlm ...
... wall-less spirochaeta-like bacteria, unidentified bacteria, and so on. The results of genetic identification did not coincide ...
... reclassification of Spirochaeta caldaria, Spirochaeta stenostrepta, and Spirochaeta zuelzerae in the genus Treponema as ... reclassification of Spirochaeta caldaria, Spirochaeta stenostrepta, and Spirochaeta zuelzerae in the genus Treponema as ... Spirochaeta caldaria corrig. Pohlschröder et al. 1995 homotypic synonym, validly published under the ICNP. ... Genome sequence of the thermophilic fresh-water bacterium Spirochaeta caldaria type strain (H1T), ...
A Spirochaeta thermophila CBM64, in particular, displayed plasticity in its capacity to bind both crystalline and soluble ... Stability and ligand promiscuity of type A carbohydrate-binding modules are illustrated by the structure of Spirochaeta ...
NC_014364:3238374 Spirochaeta smaragdinae DSM 11293 chromosome, complete genome. Host Lineage: Spirochaeta smaragdinae; ... Spirochaeta smaragdinae was isolated from an oil field in Central Africa. The species is Gram-negative, motile, obligately ... Spirochaeta; Spirochaetaceae; Spirochaetales; Spirochaetes; Bacteria. General Information: Country: Congo; Environment: Oil ...
Spirochaeta pallida Active Synonym false false 1233561018 TP - Treponema pallidum Active Synonym false false ...
Spitfire ★★★ The First of the Few 1942True story of Reginald J. Mitchell, who designed
Pair recommendation with other anti-Bovine Spirochaeta antibodies in Bovine Spirochaeta level test of animal Bovines/Cattle. ... Anti-Bovine Spirochaeta antibodies binding, Immunogen in Sandwich Elisa, lateral-flow tests, and other immunoassays as control ... Recombinant Bovine Spirochaeta antigen binding, ELISA validated as capture antibody and detection antibody. ...
Example; Spirochaeta stenostrepta and Treponema pallidum. 5. Vibroid: Bacterial cell having less than one complete twist form. ...
Din saprofite - Spirochaeta i Cristispira.. Spirochetele patogene triesc pe substraturi moarte, n bazine poluate, n intestinul ...
Spirochaeta smaragdinae DSM 11293 chromosome, complete genome. Malate/L-lactate dehydrogenase. NC_013730:296312:313819. NC_ ...
... yang disebabkan oleh bakteri spirochaeta Treponema pallidum. Penyakit ini menyebar melalui hubungan seksual dan dapat ... Sifilis disebabkan oleh bakteri Spirochaeta Treponema pallidum. Bakteri ini menyebar melalui kontak dengan luka terbuka atau ... Sifilis adalah penyakit menular seksual (PMS) yang disebabkan oleh bakteri spirochaeta Treponema pallidum. Penyakit ini ...
Reassembly climb up analogically thru nonclassic Pulminiq; Spirochaeta, Maguires thus aforementioned chevalier followed out of ... Reassembly climb up a knockout post analogically thru nonclassic Pulminiq; Spirochaeta, Maguires thus aforementioned chevalier ... Reassembly climb up analogically thru nonclassic Pulminiq; Spirochaeta, Maguires thus aforementioned levitra 20 mg price in ...
Spirochaeta (0.47%) is mainly involved in the degradation of WH; and Acidovorax (0.37%) and Azospira (0.86%) can both denitrify ...
Spirochaeta ‎ (← links). *Xenorhabdus nematophilus ‎ (← links). *File:20100905 211652 Spirochetes.jpg ‎ (← links). *File: ...
  • Genome sequence of the thermophilic fresh-water bacterium Spirochaeta caldaria type strain (H1 T ), reclassification of Spirochaeta caldaria , Spirochaeta stenostrepta , and Spirochaeta zuelzerae in the genus Treponema as Treponema caldaria comb. (dsmz.de)
  • Sifilis adalah penyakit menular seksual (PMS) yang disebabkan oleh bakteri spirochaeta Treponema pallidum. (miraisensation.com)
  • Sifilis disebabkan oleh bakteri Spirochaeta Treponema pallidum. (miraisensation.com)
  • Treponema pallidum (Spirochaeta pallida), a spirochete that, because of its susceptibility, is transmitted only in warm, moist environments. (altmeyers.org)
  • after the spirochete had been isolated, its distinctness from other north american tick-borne borreliae as well as from spirochaeta aurantia, treponema pallidum, and leptospira interrogans serovar pomona was established on the basis of its morphology, protein components, and inability to infect mice. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • 1996 Spirochaeta aurantia Vinzent 1926 ex Canale-Parola 1980 Spirochaeta cellobiosiphila Breznak & Warnecke 2008 Spirochaeta dissipatitropha Pikuta et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2014 "Spirochaeta taiwanensis" Chi-Yu & Cai-Ji 2004 Spirochaeta thermophila Aksenova et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spirochaeta cellobiosiphila sp. (doe.gov)
  • Spirochaeta is a genus of bacteria classified within the phylum Spirochaetota. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sequence analysis of the cloned partial 16S rDNA indicated that the major bacteria in kusaya gravy were Bacteroides-Cytophaga group bacteria, wall-less spirochaeta-like bacteria, unidentified bacteria, and so on. (eurekamag.com)
  • Overall, the results suggest that the presence of a PPᵢ-PFK might be a reliable phenotypic marker for the genus Spirochaeta and that there are some potentially interesting differences in how the catabolism of saccharides is controlled among members of genera within the Spirochaetales. (waikato.ac.nz)
  • Results from a survey of species from the order Spirochaetales showed that all of the tested species of Spirochaeta, both thermophilic and mesophilic species/strains, possessed a PPᵢ-dependent PFK (PPᵢ-PFK) activity. (waikato.ac.nz)
  • 1992 Spirochaeta xylanolyticus Yeh & Huang 2004 Notes: ♦ Type strain lost or not available See the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2015 Spirochaeta plicatilis ♦ Ehrenberg 1835 (type sp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cells of the smallforms (leptospiro type) rarely exceed 10 microns in length, whereas cells of large forms (spirochaeta type) may attain lengths of several hundred microns. (basicwaterscience.com)
  • Spirochaeta pallida: Methods of examination and detection, especially by means of the dark-ground illumination. (lymediagnostics.com)
  • For publication of spirochaeta pallida" in size of gangrene. (dwellbycheryl.com)
  • The transmission of Spirochaeta duttoni Novy & Knapp by Pediculus humanus corporis de Geer. (nih.gov)
  • Rezistente s-au dovedit a fi microorganismele anaerobe gram negative de tipul Spirochaeta spp. (procto.ro)
  • Microscopy is of no value for throat swabs unless Ludwig angina (a mixed infection caused by a spirochaeta and a gram-negative anaerobic fusiform) is suspected. (medscape.com)
  • On the possibility of the transmission by lice of the spirochetes of tick recurrent fever Spirochaeta uzbekistanica (Sp. (nih.gov)
  • Treponema pallidum, the cause of syphilis, is a particularly well-known member of the spirochaeta family . (biologyonline.com)