The spinal or vertebral column.
The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.
VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.
Injuries involving the vertebral column.
A group of twelve VERTEBRAE connected to the ribs that support the upper trunk region.
Extensions of the nerve cell body. They are short and branched and receive stimuli from other NEURONS.
Operative immobilization or ankylosis of two or more vertebrae by fusion of the vertebral bodies with a short bone graft or often with diskectomy or laminectomy. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p236; Dorland, 28th ed)
Broken bones in the vertebral column.
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
Specialized junctions at which a neuron communicates with a target cell. At classical synapses, a neuron's presynaptic terminal releases a chemical transmitter stored in synaptic vesicles which diffuses across a narrow synaptic cleft and activates receptors on the postsynaptic membrane of the target cell. The target may be a dendrite, cell body, or axon of another neuron, or a specialized region of a muscle or secretory cell. Neurons may also communicate via direct electrical coupling with ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES. Several other non-synaptic chemical or electric signal transmitting processes occur via extracellular mediated interactions.
A curved elevation of GRAY MATTER extending the entire length of the floor of the TEMPORAL HORN of the LATERAL VENTRICLE (see also TEMPORAL LOBE). The hippocampus proper, subiculum, and DENTATE GYRUS constitute the hippocampal formation. Sometimes authors include the ENTORHINAL CORTEX in the hippocampal formation.
Any of the 23 plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent VERTEBRAE.
Acute and chronic conditions characterized by external mechanical compression of the SPINAL CORD due to extramedullary neoplasm; EPIDURAL ABSCESS; SPINAL FRACTURES; bony deformities of the vertebral bodies; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations vary with the anatomic site of the lesion and may include localized pain, weakness, sensory loss, incontinence, and impotence.
An appreciable lateral deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Deformities of the SPINE characterized by an exaggerated convexity of the vertebral column. The forward bending of the thoracic region usually is more than 40 degrees. This deformity sometimes is called round back or hunchback.
An INTERVERTEBRAL DISC in which the nucleus pulposus has protruded through surrounding fibrocartilage. This occurs most frequently in the lower lumbar region.
Deformities of the SPINE characterized by abnormal bending or flexure in the vertebral column. They may be bending forward (KYPHOSIS), backward (LORDOSIS), or sideway (SCOLIOSIS).
The capacity of the NERVOUS SYSTEM to change its reactivity as the result of successive activations.
The joint that occurs between facets of the interior and superior articular processes of adjacent VERTEBRAE.
A surgical procedure that entails removing all (laminectomy) or part (laminotomy) of selected vertebral lamina to relieve pressure on the SPINAL CORD and/or SPINAL NERVE ROOTS. Vertebral lamina is the thin flattened posterior wall of vertebral arch that forms the vertebral foramen through which pass the spinal cord and nerve roots.
Region of the back including the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, SACRUM, and nearby structures.
A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.
Projection neurons in the CEREBRAL CORTEX and the HIPPOCAMPUS. Pyramidal cells have a pyramid-shaped soma with the apex and an apical dendrite pointed toward the pial surface and other dendrites and an axon emerging from the base. The axons may have local collaterals but also project outside their cortical region.
Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.
The cavity within the SPINAL COLUMN through which the SPINAL CORD passes.
The anterior concavity in the curvature of the lumbar and cervical spine as viewed from the side. The term usually refers to abnormally increased curvature (hollow back, saddle back, swayback). It does not include lordosis as normal mating posture in certain animals ( = POSTURE + SEX BEHAVIOR, ANIMAL).
Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.
A surgical operation for the relief of pressure in a body compartment or on a body part. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Narrowing of the spinal canal.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Osteitis or caries of the vertebrae, usually occurring as a complication of tuberculosis of the lungs.
Devices which are used in the treatment of orthopedic injuries and diseases.
Outgrowth of immature bony processes or bone spurs (OSTEOPHYTE) from the VERTEBRAE, reflecting the presence of degenerative disease and calcification. It commonly occurs in cervical and lumbar SPONDYLOSIS.
Excision, in part or whole, of an INTERVERTEBRAL DISC. The most common indication is disk displacement or herniation. In addition to standard surgical removal, it can be performed by percutaneous diskectomy (DISKECTOMY, PERCUTANEOUS) or by laparoscopic diskectomy, the former being the more common.
Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.
Forward displacement of a superior vertebral body over the vertebral body below.
The use of silver, usually silver nitrate, as a reagent for producing contrast or coloration in tissue specimens.
The constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters.
Inflammation of the SPINE. This includes both arthritic and non-arthritic conditions.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
Five fused VERTEBRAE forming a triangle-shaped structure at the back of the PELVIS. It articulates superiorly with the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, inferiorly with the COCCYX, and anteriorly with the ILIUM of the PELVIS. The sacrum strengthens and stabilizes the PELVIS.
Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The pull on a limb or a part thereof. Skin traction (indirect traction) is applied by using a bandage to pull on the skin and fascia where light traction is required. Skeletal traction (direct traction), however, uses pins or wires inserted through bone and is attached to weights, pulleys, and ropes. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed)
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Degenerative changes in the INTERVERTEBRAL DISC due to aging or structural damage, especially to the vertebral end-plates.
The projecting part on each side of the body, formed by the side of the pelvis and the top portion of the femur.
Metabolic disorder associated with fractures of the femoral neck, vertebrae, and distal forearm. It occurs commonly in women within 15-20 years after menopause, and is caused by factors associated with menopause including estrogen deficiency.
A degenerative spinal disease that can involve any part of the VERTEBRA, the INTERVERTEBRAL DISK, and the surrounding soft tissue.
A dead body, usually a human body.
Examination of any part of the body for diagnostic purposes by means of X-RAYS or GAMMA RAYS, recording the image on a sensitized surface (such as photographic film).
X-ray visualization of the spinal cord following injection of contrast medium into the spinal arachnoid space.
The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.
Disease involving a spinal nerve root (see SPINAL NERVE ROOTS) which may result from compression related to INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; SPINAL CORD INJURIES; SPINAL DISEASES; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations include radicular pain, weakness, and sensory loss referable to structures innervated by the involved nerve root.
Surgery performed on the nervous system or its parts.
Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.
General or unspecified injuries to the neck. It includes injuries to the skin, muscles, and other soft tissues of the neck.
The joint involving the CERVICAL ATLAS and axis bones.
Breaks in bones.
A class of ionotropic glutamate receptors characterized by affinity for N-methyl-D-aspartate. NMDA receptors have an allosteric binding site for glycine which must be occupied for the channel to open efficiently and a site within the channel itself to which magnesium ions bind in a voltage-dependent manner. The positive voltage dependence of channel conductance and the high permeability of the conducting channel to calcium ions (as well as to monovalent cations) are important in excitotoxicity and neuronal plasticity.
A class of ionotropic glutamate receptors characterized by their affinity for the agonist AMPA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid).
Inflammation of an INTERVERTEBRAL DISC or disk space which may lead to disk erosion. Until recently, discitis has been defined as a nonbacterial inflammation and has been attributed to aseptic processes (e.g., chemical reaction to an injected substance). However, recent studies provide evidence that infection may be the initial cause, but perhaps not the promoter, of most cases of discitis. Discitis has been diagnosed in patients following discography, myelography, lumbar puncture, paravertebral injection, and obstetrical epidural anesthesia. Discitis following chemonucleolysis (especially with chymopapain) is attributed to chemical reaction by some and to introduction of microorganisms by others.
The replacement of intervertebral discs in the spinal column with artificial devices. The procedure is done in the lumbar or cervical spine to relieve severe pain resulting from INTERVERTEBRAL DISC DEGENERATION.
One of four subsections of the hippocampus described by Lorente de No, located furthest from the DENTATE GYRUS.
The largest of three bones that make up each half of the pelvic girdle.
Discomfort or more intense forms of pain that are localized to the cervical region. This term generally refers to pain in the posterior or lateral regions of the neck.
A calcification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spinal column, usually at the level of the cervical spine. It is often associated with anterior ankylosing hyperostosis.
A persistent increase in synaptic efficacy, usually induced by appropriate activation of the same synapses. The phenomenological properties of long-term potentiation suggest that it may be a cellular mechanism of learning and memory.
The paired bands of yellow elastic tissue that connect adjoining laminae of the vertebrae. With the laminae, it forms the posterior wall of the spinal canal and helps hold the body erect.
A chronic inflammatory condition affecting the axial joints, such as the SACROILIAC JOINT and other intervertebral or costovertebral joints. It occurs predominantly in young males and is characterized by pain and stiffness of joints (ANKYLOSIS) with inflammation at tendon insertions.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The position or attitude of the body.
Pathologic conditions which feature SPINAL CORD damage or dysfunction, including disorders involving the meninges and perimeningeal spaces surrounding the spinal cord. Traumatic injuries, vascular diseases, infections, and inflammatory/autoimmune processes may affect the spinal cord.
The restriction of the MOVEMENT of whole or part of the body by physical means (RESTRAINT, PHYSICAL) or chemically by ANALGESIA, or the use of TRANQUILIZING AGENTS or NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS. It includes experimental protocols used to evaluate the physiologic effects of immobility.
The communication from a NEURON to a target (neuron, muscle, or secretory cell) across a SYNAPSE. In chemical synaptic transmission, the presynaptic neuron releases a NEUROTRANSMITTER that diffuses across the synaptic cleft and binds to specific synaptic receptors, activating them. The activated receptors modulate specific ion channels and/or second-messenger systems in the postsynaptic cell. In electrical synaptic transmission, electrical signals are communicated as an ionic current flow across ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES.
Specialized structures of the cell that extend the cell membrane and project out from the cell surface.
Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.
Depolarization of membrane potentials at the SYNAPTIC MEMBRANES of target neurons during neurotransmission. Excitatory postsynaptic potentials can singly or in summation reach the trigger threshold for ACTION POTENTIALS.
The outermost of the three MENINGES, a fibrous membrane of connective tissue that covers the brain and the spinal cord.
The toothlike process on the upper surface of the axis, which articulates with the CERVICAL ATLAS above.
Cytoskeleton specialization at the cytoplasmic side of postsynaptic membrane in SYNAPSES. It is involved in neuronal signaling and NEURONAL PLASTICITY and comprised of GLUTAMATE RECEPTORS; scaffolding molecules (e.g., PSD95, PSD93), and other proteins (e.g., CaCMKII).
The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.
A light microscopic technique in which only a small spot is illuminated and observed at a time. An image is constructed through point-by-point scanning of the field in this manner. Light sources may be conventional or laser, and fluorescence or transmitted observations are possible.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Lack of stability of a joint or joint prosthesis. Factors involved are intra-articular disease and integrity of extra-articular structures such as joint capsule, ligaments, and muscles.
Catalyzes the ATP-dependent PHOSPHORYLATION of GMP to generate GDP and ADP.
Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Protein analogs and derivatives of the Aequorea victoria green fluorescent protein that emit light (FLUORESCENCE) when excited with ULTRAVIOLET RAYS. They are used in REPORTER GENES in doing GENETIC TECHNIQUES. Numerous mutants have been made to emit other colors or be sensitive to pH.
Adjustment and manipulation of the vertebral column.
Space between the dura mater and the walls of the vertebral canal.
Production of an image when x-rays strike a fluorescent screen.
A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.
A disease of elderly men characterized by large osteophytes that bridge vertebrae and ossification of ligaments and tendon insertions.
Bones that constitute each half of the pelvic girdle in VERTEBRATES, formed by fusion of the ILIUM; ISCHIUM; and PUBIC BONE.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
The point of articulation between the OCCIPITAL BONE and the CERVICAL ATLAS.
The outer shorter of the two bones of the FOREARM, lying parallel to the ULNA and partially revolving around it.
Benign and malignant neoplasms which occur within the substance of the spinal cord (intramedullary neoplasms) or in the space between the dura and spinal cord (intradural extramedullary neoplasms). The majority of intramedullary spinal tumors are primary CNS neoplasms including ASTROCYTOMA; EPENDYMOMA; and LIPOMA. Intramedullary neoplasms are often associated with SYRINGOMYELIA. The most frequent histologic types of intradural-extramedullary tumors are MENINGIOMA and NEUROFIBROMA.
Penetrating and non-penetrating injuries to the spinal cord resulting from traumatic external forces (e.g., WOUNDS, GUNSHOT; WHIPLASH INJURIES; etc.).
The grafting of bone from a donor site to a recipient site.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Shiny, flexible bands of fibrous tissue connecting together articular extremities of bones. They are pliant, tough, and inextensile.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.
The output neurons of the cerebellar cortex.
A pathologic entity characterized by deossification of a weight-bearing long bone, followed by bending and pathologic fracture, with inability to form normal BONY CALLUS leading to existence of the "false joint" that gives the condition its name. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Orthopedic appliances used to support, align, or hold parts of the body in correct position. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
A dynamic actin-rich extension of the surface of an animal cell used for locomotion or prehension of food.
Procedures to repair or stabilize vertebral fractures, especially compression fractures accomplished by injecting BONE CEMENTS into the fractured VERTEBRAE.
Deficient development or degeneration of a portion of the VERTEBRA, usually in the pars interarticularis (the bone bridge between the superior and inferior facet joints of the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE) leading to SPONDYLOLISTHESIS.
A technique for maintenance or growth of animal organs in vitro. It refers to three-dimensional cultures of undisaggregated tissue retaining some or all of the histological features of the tissue in vivo. (Freshney, Culture of Animal Cells, 3d ed, p1)
Hyperextension injury to the neck, often the result of being struck from behind by a fast-moving vehicle, in an automobile accident. (From Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Implantable fracture fixation devices attached to bone fragments with screws to bridge the fracture gap and shield the fracture site from stress as bone heals. (UMDNS, 1999)
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
Agents that inhibit BONE RESORPTION and/or favor BONE MINERALIZATION and BONE REGENERATION. They are used to heal BONE FRACTURES and to treat METABOLIC BONE DISEASES such as OSTEOPOROSIS.
The immovable joint formed by the lateral surfaces of the SACRUM and ILIUM.
A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.
A type of endoplasmic reticulum lacking associated ribosomes on the membrane surface. It exhibits a wide range of specialized metabolic functions including supplying enzymes for steroid synthesis, detoxification, and glycogen breakdown. In muscle cells, smooth endoplasmic reticulum is called SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM.
A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Paired bundles of NERVE FIBERS entering and leaving the SPINAL CORD at each segment. The dorsal and ventral nerve roots join to form the mixed segmental spinal nerves. The dorsal roots are generally afferent, formed by the central projections of the spinal (dorsal root) ganglia sensory cells, and the ventral roots are efferent, comprising the axons of spinal motor and PREGANGLIONIC AUTONOMIC FIBERS.
The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.
Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Fractures occurring as a result of disease of a bone or from some undiscoverable cause, and not due to trauma. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A set of twelve curved bones which connect to the vertebral column posteriorly, and terminate anteriorly as costal cartilage. Together, they form a protective cage around the internal thoracic organs.
Filamentous proteins that are the main constituent of the thin filaments of muscle fibers. The filaments (known also as filamentous or F-actin) can be dissociated into their globular subunits; each subunit is composed of a single polypeptide 375 amino acids long. This is known as globular or G-actin. In conjunction with MYOSINS, actin is responsible for the contraction and relaxation of muscle.
A benign, painful, tumor of bone characterized by the formation of osteoid tissue, primitive bone and calcified tissue. It occurs frequently in the spine of young persons. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
Fixation and immobility of a joint.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Endoscopes for examining the interior of the larynx.
Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.
A multifunctional calcium-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase subtype that occurs as an oligomeric protein comprised of twelve subunits. It differs from other enzyme subtypes in that it lacks a phosphorylatable activation domain that can respond to CALCIUM-CALMODULIN-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASE KINASE.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Non-neoplastic tumor-like lesions at joints, developed from the SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE of a joint through the JOINT CAPSULE into the periarticular tissues. They are filled with SYNOVIAL FLUID with a smooth and translucent appearance. A synovial cyst can develop from any joint, but most commonly at the back of the knee, where it is known as POPLITEAL CYST.
Nonexpendable items used in the performance of orthopedic surgery and related therapy. They are differentiated from ORTHOTIC DEVICES, apparatus used to prevent or correct deformities in patients.
The distal terminations of axons which are specialized for the release of neurotransmitters. Also included are varicosities along the course of axons which have similar specializations and also release transmitters. Presynaptic terminals in both the central and peripheral nervous systems are included.
Cell-surface proteins that bind glutamate and trigger changes which influence the behavior of cells. Glutamate receptors include ionotropic receptors (AMPA, kainate, and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors), which directly control ion channels, and metabotropic receptors which act through second messenger systems. Glutamate receptors are the most common mediators of fast excitatory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system. They have also been implicated in the mechanisms of memory and of many diseases.
Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.
The quality of surface form or outline of CELLS.
Severe or complete loss of motor function in the lower extremities and lower portions of the trunk. This condition is most often associated with SPINAL CORD DISEASES, although BRAIN DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; and MUSCULAR DISEASES may also cause bilateral leg weakness.
A dense intricate feltwork of interwoven fine glial processes, fibrils, synaptic terminals, axons, and dendrites interspersed among the nerve cells in the gray matter of the central nervous system.
Apparatus used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve the function of movable parts of the body.
Severe or complete loss of motor function in all four limbs which may result from BRAIN DISEASES; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; or rarely MUSCULAR DISEASES. The locked-in syndrome is characterized by quadriplegia in combination with cranial muscle paralysis. Consciousness is spared and the only retained voluntary motor activity may be limited eye movements. This condition is usually caused by a lesion in the upper BRAIN STEM which injures the descending cortico-spinal and cortico-bulbar tracts.
Part of the back and base of the CRANIUM that encloses the FORAMEN MAGNUM.
A nonhormonal medication for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis in women. This drug builds healthy bone, restoring some of the bone loss as a result of osteoporosis.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.
Benign circumscribed tumor of spongy bone occurring especially in the bones of the extremities and vertebrae, most often in young persons. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Fluorescence microscopy utilizing multiple low-energy photons to produce the excitation event of the fluorophore. Multiphoton microscopes have a simplified optical path in the emission side due to the lack of an emission pinhole, which is necessary with normal confocal microscopes. Ultimately this allows spatial isolation of the excitation event, enabling deeper imaging into optically thick tissue, while restricting photobleaching and phototoxicity to the area being imaged.
Monomeric subunits of primarily globular ACTIN and found in the cytoplasmic matrix of almost all cells. They are often associated with microtubules and may play a role in cytoskeletal function and/or mediate movement of the cell or the organelles within the cell.
The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
A malignant tumor arising from the embryonic remains of the notochord. It is also called chordocarcinoma, chordoepithelioma, and notochordoma. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.
Mechanical compression of nerves or nerve roots from internal or external causes. These may result in a conduction block to nerve impulses (due to MYELIN SHEATH dysfunction) or axonal loss. The nerve and nerve sheath injuries may be caused by ISCHEMIA; INFLAMMATION; or a direct mechanical effect.
One of three bones that make up the coxal bone of the pelvic girdle. In tetrapods, it is the part of the pelvis that projects backward on the ventral side, and in primates, it bears the weight of the sitting animal.
The continuous turnover of BONE MATRIX and mineral that involves first an increase in BONE RESORPTION (osteoclastic activity) and later, reactive BONE FORMATION (osteoblastic activity). The process of bone remodeling takes place in the adult skeleton at discrete foci. The process ensures the mechanical integrity of the skeleton throughout life and plays an important role in calcium HOMEOSTASIS. An imbalance in the regulation of bone remodeling's two contrasting events, bone resorption and bone formation, results in many of the metabolic bone diseases, such as OSTEOPOROSIS.
A member of the nerve growth factor family of trophic factors. In the brain BDNF has a trophic action on retinal, cholinergic, and dopaminergic neurons, and in the peripheral nervous system it acts on both motor and sensory neurons. (From Kendrew, The Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994)
Procedures that avoid use of open, invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
The rear surface of an upright primate from the shoulders to the hip, or the dorsal surface of tetrapods.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
A rare epidural hematoma in the spinal epidural space, usually due to a vascular malformation (CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM VASCULAR MALFORMATIONS) or TRAUMA. Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma is a neurologic emergency due to a rapidly evolving compressive MYELOPATHY.
Protein factors that promote the exchange of GTP for GDP bound to GTP-BINDING PROTEINS.
Microscopy in which the samples are first stained immunocytochemically and then examined using an electron microscope. Immunoelectron microscopy is used extensively in diagnostic virology as part of very sensitive immunoassays.
Circumscribed collections of suppurative material occurring in the spinal or intracranial EPIDURAL SPACE. The majority of epidural abscesses occur in the spinal canal and are associated with OSTEOMYELITIS of a vertebral body; ANALGESIA, EPIDURAL; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations include local and radicular pain, weakness, sensory loss, URINARY INCONTINENCE, and FECAL INCONTINENCE. Cranial epidural abscesses are usually associated with OSTEOMYELITIS of a cranial bone, SINUSITIS, or OTITIS MEDIA. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p710 and pp1240-1; J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1998 Aug;65(2):209-12)
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
Disease or injury involving multiple SPINAL NERVE ROOTS. Polyradiculitis refers to inflammation of multiple spinal nerve roots.
Bony outgrowth usually found around joints and often seen in conditions such as ARTHRITIS.
Cell membranes associated with synapses. Both presynaptic and postsynaptic membranes are included along with their integral or tightly associated specializations for the release or reception of transmitters.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.
A non-essential amino acid naturally occurring in the L-form. Glutamic acid is the most common excitatory neurotransmitter in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
A surgical specialty concerned with the treatment of diseases and disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral and sympathetic nervous system.
Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.
Drugs that bind to but do not activate excitatory amino acid receptors, thereby blocking the actions of agonists.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Intraoperative computer-assisted 3D navigation and guidance system generally used in neurosurgery for tracking surgical tools and localize them with respect to the patient's 3D anatomy. The pre-operative diagnostic scan is used as a reference and is transferred onto the operative field during surgery.
The entity of a developing mammal (MAMMALS), generally from the cleavage of a ZYGOTE to the end of embryonic differentiation of basic structures. For the human embryo, this represents the first two months of intrauterine development preceding the stages of the FETUS.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
A RNA-binding protein that is found predominately in the CYTOPLASM. It helps regulate GENETIC TRANSLATION in NEURONS and is absent or under-expressed in FRAGILE X SYNDROME.
Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.
Proteins which are involved in the phenomenon of light emission in living systems. Included are the "enzymatic" and "non-enzymatic" types of system with or without the presence of oxygen or co-factors.
The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.
A vesicular glutamate transporter protein that is predominately expressed in TELENCEPHALON of the BRAIN.
An electrophysiologic technique for studying cells, cell membranes, and occasionally isolated organelles. All patch-clamp methods rely on a very high-resistance seal between a micropipette and a membrane; the seal is usually attained by gentle suction. The four most common variants include on-cell patch, inside-out patch, outside-out patch, and whole-cell clamp. Patch-clamp methods are commonly used to voltage clamp, that is control the voltage across the membrane and measure current flow, but current-clamp methods, in which the current is controlled and the voltage is measured, are also used.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.

Microdeletion 22q11 and oesophageal atresia. (1/2187)

Oesophageal atresia (OA) is a congenital defect associated with additional malformations in 30-70% of the cases. In particular, OA is a component of the VACTERL association. Since some major features of the VACTERL association, including conotruncal heart defect, radial aplasia, and anal atresia, have been found in patients with microdeletion 22q11.2 (del(22q11.2)), we have screened for del(22q11.2) by fluorescent in situ hybridisation (FISH) in 15 syndromic patients with OA. Del(22q11.2) was detected in one of them, presenting with OA, tetralogy of Fallot, anal atresia, neonatal hypocalcaemia, and subtle facial anomalies resembling those of velocardiofacial syndrome. The occurrence of del(22q11.2) in our series of patients with OA is low (1/15), but this chromosomal anomaly should be included among causative factors of malformation complexes with OA. In addition, clinical variability of del(22q11.2) syndrome is further corroborated with inclusion of OA in the list of the findings associated with the deletion.  (+info)

Cat-scratch disease with paravertebral mass and osteomyelitis. (2/2187)

The case of a 9-year-old girl with cat-scratch disease (CSD) complicated by development of a paravertebral mass and osteomyelitis is presented. Following multiple scratches and inguinal lymphadenopathy, she developed back pain, and imaging demonstrated a paravertebral mass with evidence of osteomyelitis involving vertebra T9. The diagnosis was made on the basis of detection of Bartonella henselae by use of molecular techniques on an aspirate from the vertebral column and supportive serology for infection with B. henselae. Eleven other cases of this unusual manifestation associated with CSD have been reported in the literature and are reviewed. The patient was treated with gentamicin, followed by rifampicin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, orally and made a favorable recovery over 7 months. This is comparable with other case reports, regardless of the choice of antibiotic therapy. CSD in immunocompetent hosts is not always self-limiting, and tissues beyond the lymph nodes can be involved.  (+info)

Morphological adaptation to thermal stress in a marine fish, Fundulus heteroclitus. (3/2187)

Populations of Fundulus heteroclitus (Cyprinodontidae), a coastal marine fish, were studied in control and artificially heated environments on the north shore of Long Island to determine patterns of variation in morphology and the extent to which this variation reflected adaptation to environmental characteristics. Principal components and discriminant function analyses were used to analyze variation in and among seventeen morphological characters. Fishes living in water artificially heated by a power plant exhibited marked divergence from control populations in head morphology, and convergence with a population sampled at more southern latitudes. Hence, these differences were interpreted as adaptations to warm environments. Greater morphological variation is detected at the heated locality than at control localities, and this may be partially due to a breakdown in developmental homeostasis, and partially due to selection favoring phenotypes that are rare in this environment.  (+info)

Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation for the treatment of severe scoliosis. (4/2187)

In a multicentric study, 36 cases (40 curves) of severe scoliosis were analysed; 19 were idiopathic and 17 neurological, Cobb angles ranged from 70 degrees to 145 degrees, all had undergone three-rod Cotrel-Dubousset (CD) instrumentation. The correction on the frontal plane achieved more than 50% of the preoperative angle (53.9% for idiopathic curves and 55.6% for neurological ones). On the sagittal plane the pathological shape of the spine was reduced and distinctly ameliorated. In ten patients, the authors successfully applied a technique, alternative to the original one, which was based on the use of two or three screws in the lumbar area, one supplementary pedicle transverse claw on the cranial area and two rods connected by a domino, instead of a single rod (the longer one applied on the concave side). The main complications were: one case of infection, three of vascular compression of the duodenum, one of crank-shaft phenomenon and one laminar hook displacement. The excellent result achieved in both, idiopathic and neurological severe and stiff scoliosis shows the efficacy, reliability and versatility of CD three-rod instrumentation.  (+info)

Long-term three-dimensional changes of the spine after posterior spinal instrumentation and fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. (5/2187)

This is a prospective study comparing the short- and long-term three-dimensional (3D) changes in shape, length and balance of the spine after spinal instrumentation and fusion in a group of adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. The objective of the study was to evaluate the stability over time of the postoperative changes of the spine after instrumentation with multi rod, hook and screw instrumentation systems. Thirty adolescents (average age: 14.5+/-1.6 years) undergoing surgery by a posterior approach had computerized 3D reconstructions of the spine done at an average of 3 days preoperatively (stage I), and 2 months (stage II) and 2,5 years (stage III) after surgery, using a digital multi-planar radiographic technique. Stages I, II and III were compared using various geometrical parameters of spinal length, curve severity, and orientation. Significant improvement of curve magnitude between stages I and II was documented in the frontal plane for thoracic and lumbar curves, as well as in the orientation of the plane of maximum deformity, which was significantly shifted towards the sagittal plane in thoracic curves. However, there was a significant loss of this correction between stages II and III. Slight changes were noted in apical vertebral rotation, in thoracic kyphosis and in lumbar lordosis. Spinal length and height were significantly increased at stage II, but at long-term follow-up spinal length continued to increase while spinal height remained similar. These results indicate that although a significant 3D correction can be obtained after posterior instrumentation and fusion, a significant loss of correction and an increase in spinal length occur in the years following surgery, suggesting that a crankshaft phenomenon may be an important factor altering the long-term 3D correction after posterior instrumentation of the spine for idiopathic scoliosis.  (+info)

Complications of scoliosis surgery in children with myelomeningocele. (6/2187)

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether the high incidence of complications in scoliosis surgery in myelomeningocele (MMC) could be attributed to the surgical technique and whether improvements were possible. Between 1984 and 1996, 77 patients with MMC and scoliosis were treated surgically. The clinical and radiological follow-up ranged from 1 to 10 years with a mean follow-up of 3.6 years. The mean age at time of surgery was 12 years 8 months. The average preoperative scoliosis measured 90.20 degrees and was corrected by 47%. The first four patients were stabilized with Harrington rods after anterior correction with a Zielke device (group 1). Twenty-five patients were operated only from posterior, using Cotrel-Dubousset (CD) instrumentation (group 2). In 13 patients an anterior release and discectomy was performed prior to CD posterior instrumentation (group 3). In 26 patients (group 4) this was combined with an anterior instrumentation. The 9 patients of group 5 had congenital vertebral malformations which made a special treatment necessary. Complications could be divided into hardware problems, such as implant failure, dislocation or pseudarthrosis, infections, anesthetic, and neurologic complications. Hardware problems were seen in 29% of all patients. More hardware problems were seen with the Harrington rod (75%) and after solitary posterior instrumentation (30%). The occurrence of pseudarthrosis was dependent on the surgical technique, the extent of posterior spondylodesis, and lumbosacral fusion. Patients with hardware problems had a mean loss of correction of 49% compared to 13% in the other patients. Depending on the different surgical techniques a loss of more than 30% was seen in 12-75% of the cases. Early postoperative shunt failure occurred in four cases; delayed failure - after more than 1 year - in three cases. One patient died within 1 day due to an acute hydrocephalus, another died after 2 1/2 years because of chronic shunt insufficiency with herniation. Wound problems were not dependent on the surgical technique, but on the extent of posterior spondylodesis and the lumbosacral fusion. Based on this analysis we believe our current practice of instrumented anterior and posterior fusion is justified. Further, we are very careful to check shunt function prior to acute correction of spinal deformity.  (+info)

Characteristics of an extended internal fixation system for polysegmental transpedicular reduction and stabilization of the thoracic, lumbar, and lumbosacral spine. (7/2187)

The Kluger internal fixator, with its artificial fulcrum outside the operative site, had to be extended for multisegmental use. Three different prototypes, called Central Bar (CB), Double Bar I (DB I) and Double Bar II (DB II) were designed, which were fully compatible with the existing reduction system. To evaluate the ability of these newly developed systems to provide primary stability in a destabilized spine, their stiffness characteristics and stabilizing effects were investigated in multidirectional biomechanical stability tests and compared with those of the clinically well-known Cotrel-Dubousset (CD) system. The investigations were performed on a spine tester using freshly prepared calf spines. The model tested was that of an intact straight spine followed by a defined three-column lesion simulating the most destabilizing type of injury. Pure moments of up to 7.5 Nm were continuously applied to the top of each specimen in flexion/extension, left/right axial rotation, and left/right lateral bending. Segmental motion was measured using a three-dimensional goniometric linkage system. Range of motion and stiffness within the neutral zone were calculated from obtained load-displacement curves. The DB II attained 112.5% (P = 0.26) of the absolute stiffness of the CD system in flexion and enhanced its stability in extension by up to 144.3% (P = 0.004). In axial rotation of the completely destabilized spine, this system achieved 183.3% of the stiffness of the CD system (P < 0.001), and in lateral bending no motion was measured in the most injured specimens stabilized by the DB II. The DB I, which was the first to be designed and was considered to provide high biomechanical stability, did not attain the stiffness standard set by the CD system in either flexion/extension or axial rotation of the most injured spine. The study confirms that it is worthwhile to evaluate in vitro the biomechanical properties of a newly developed implant before its use in patients, in order to refine weak construction points and help to reduce device-related complications and to better evaluate its efficacy in stabilizing the spine.  (+info)

Prenatal sonographic features of spondylocostal dysostosis and diaphragmatic hernia in the first trimester. (8/2187)

Spondylocostal dysostosis is a congenital disorder characterized by multiple malformations of the vertebrae and ribs. We describe the sonographic features of an affected fetus at 12 and 14 weeks of gestation. The fetus had thoracic scoliosis, multiple vertebral and rib malformations and a grossly dilated stomach that had herniated into the chest through a left-sided diaphragmatic hernia. The stomach spanned the whole length of the fetal trunk.  (+info)

We have shown that altered Notch signalling in the paraxial mesoderm of mouse embryos changes vertebral identities. Our results provide direct evidence that the coordination of segmentation and positional specification of mesoderm-derived tissues along the anteroposterior body axis requires both sufficient levels of Notch signalling as well as cyclic Lfng activity.. The vertebral columns of msd::Dll1dn transgenic mice showed mild defects, which probably reflect consequences of perturbed somite polarity. The largely normal vertebral column allowed us to also unambiguously identify the absence or ectopic presence of landmarks (e.g. anterior tuberculi and transverse foramina) characteristic for particular vertebrae. The loss of such landmarks from some vertebrae and their ectopic presence on others is indicative of altered vertebral identities and suggests homeotic transformations. Changes in vertebral identity were also found in mice expressing Dll1dn under the Mesp2 promoter. In these mice no ...
Objective: The impact of major spinal surgery on cognitive functionremains speculative. There are presently limited studies availableconcerning the cognitive dysfunctions in terms of nature and courseafter a major spinal surgery. In this longitudinal cohort study, weexamined the effect of major spinal surgery on cognitive functioning.The other objective of the study is to find the correlation betweenthe risk factors and cognitive functioning after major spinal surgerywith general anesthesia.. Methods:This is a prospective analysis of thirty-two patients enrolled beforeundergoing elective lumbar spine surgery. Seventeen patientsscheduled for lumbar decompression without instrumentation served asa control group and fifteen patients scheduled for major spinalsurgery such as spinal decompression with long posterior instrumentedfusion served as an experimental group.  An examineradministered the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) test to bothsubjects to evaluate cognitive abilities ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The Effects of Estrone (Ogen) on Spinal Bone Density of Postmenopausal Women. AU - Harris, Steven T.. AU - Genant, Harry K.. AU - Baylink, David J.. AU - Gallagher, J. Christopher. AU - Karp, Sherry Katz. AU - Mcconnell, Maureen A.. AU - Green, Elizabeth M.. AU - Stoll, Ralph W.. PY - 1991/10. Y1 - 1991/10. N2 - The effects of cyclical treatment with estrone sulfate (0.3, 0.625, or 1.25 mg), plus calcium carbonate, on spinal trabecular bone density were compared with placebo in 120 postmenopausal women in this 2-year, multicenter, doubleblind study. While the placebo and 0.3-mg treatment groups lost bone density (-3.6% and -5.1%), the 0.625- and 1.25-mg treatment groups experienced no significant change from baseline at 24 months (-0.8% and +0.7%). The 1.25-mg treatment group was significantly different from the placebo group at 12,18, and 24 months. Although the 0.625-mg treatment group was significantly different from the placebo group only at 18 months, the data suggest that ...
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What parts make up the cervical spine, and how do they work?. The human spine is made up of 24 spinal bones, called vertebrae. Vertebrae are stacked on top of one another to form the spinal column. The spinal column is the bodys main upright support.. The cervical spine is formed by the first seven vertebrae. Doctors often refer to these vertebrae as C1 to C7. The cervical spine starts where the top vertebra (C1) connects to the bottom edge of the skull. The cervical spine curves slightly inward and ends where C7 joins the top of the thoracic spine. This is where the chest begins.. Each vertebra is formed by a round block of bone, called a vertebral body. A bony ring attaches to the back of the vertebral body. When the vertebrae are stacked on top of each other, the rings form a hollow tube. This bony tube surrounds the spinal cord as it passes through the spine. Just as the skull protects the brain, the bones of the spinal column protect the spinal cord.. As the spinal cord travels from the ...
The spine is a column of bones that forms the axial skeleton; this framework provides strong, yet flexible support for the trunk of the body as well as protection for the delicate spinal cord housed within it. The spine consists of 33 vertebrae stacked vertically upon each other. The vertebrae are connected by facet joints at the back of the spine. These joints allow movement between the bones of the spine. The vertebrae are stabilized by ligaments and, most importantly, are separated by an intervertebral disc between each vertebra, which functions as a shock absorber. The vertebrae can be classified into five segments. These segments include 7 cervical vertebrae, 12 thoracic vertebrae, 5 lumbar vertebrae, 5 fused sacral vertebrae, and 4 fused coccygeal vertebrae. The spinal cord runs through a canal located at the back of the vertebrae, and extends from the brain stem to the lumbar region of the spine. Nerves branch out from the spinal cord, sending messages for movement and body functions to ...
Liberty Universitys College of Osteopathic Medicine signed a five-year affiliation agreement last month that would secure clinical rotations at Centra facilities for third- and fourth-year students. A celebration with Centra leaders was held on Monday. ...
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Aurora Sentinel. The purpose of spine surgery typically is to relieve pain and other symptoms by decreasing pressure on a compressed spinal nerve or by stabilizing the spine. Surgery may involve removing a herniated or damaged portion of a disk in the spine (discectomy); removing the back part of the bone that covers the spinal canal (laminectomy); removing bone spurs or other spinal growths; or connecting two or more of the vertebral bones in the spine (spinal fusion).. Traditionally, a small, high-speed air drill or a surgical instrument thats heated with an electric current (electrocautery) is used to cut away the tissue and bone. During laser spine surgery, a focused beam of light (laser) is used to cut away tissue. Laser spine surgery is often promoted as being noninvasive and risk-free. However, these procedures require incisions and can result in serious complications.. Before deciding on the type of spine surgery to have, first, you should thoroughly investigate the need for surgery. ...
The spinal column is made up of twenty four bones called vertebrae. The spinal column supports the body and gives it form. These vertebrae are connected in the front of the spine by intervertebral discs (durable tissue filled with a gel) that help support the spine and also allow it to move. Ligaments and muscles are attached to the back of the spine and provide power for movement.. The neural elements consist of the spinal cord and nerve roots. The spinal cord is surrounded by spinal fluid and runs from the base of the brain down through the cervical and thoracic spine (about two thirds of the way down your back).. At each vertebral level of the spine there is a pair of nerve roots which supply particular parts of the body with electrical pulses.. The supporting structures of the spine consist of muscles and ligaments. The spinal ligaments and muscles connect the vertebrae and keep the spine stable. They allow the spine to function in an upright position, and the trunk to form various ...
In women in Forest Hills ages 65-75 taking DHEA along with calcium and vitamin D increased their bone density 2% each year during a 2 year study.
In women in Whitestone ages 65-75 taking DHEA along with calcium and vitamin D increased their bone density 2% each year during a 2 year study.
Numerous joints exist between the various bones of the vertebral axis. These are complex joints exhibiting a wide range of motion, from obvious, noticeable movements to subtle movements that are not easily observed. While some anatomists attempt to classify these joints into specific joint categories such as plane or hinge or pivot, the truth is, most of them are composite, complex joints with multiaxial ranges of motion. There are three types of intervertebral joints between the general bones of the vertebral column: synovial joints, fibrous syndesmoses, and cartilaginous symphyses. While the movement occurring at any individual intervertebral joint is not significant, the additive movement of many intervertebral joints can be quite significant. The synovial intervertebral joints occur between the superior and inferior articular facets of neighboring vertebrae. They vary from region to region, being more planar in the cervical and thoracic regions and forming reciprocally curved surfaces in the ...
The spectrum of spinal surgery in adult life is considerable. Anaesthesia for major spinal surgery, such as spinal stabilization following trauma or neoplastic disease, or for correction of scoliosis, presents a number of challenges. The type of patients who would have been declined surgery 20 yr ago for medical reasons, are now being offered extensive procedures. They commonly have preoperative co-morbid conditions such as serious cardiovascular and respiratory impairment. Airway management may be difficult. Surgery imposes further stresses of significant blood loss, prolonged anaesthesia, and problematical postoperative pain management. The perioperative management of these patients is discussed. The advent of techniques to monitor spinal cord function has reduced postoperative neurological morbidity in these patients. The anaesthetist has an important role in facilitating these methods of monitoring.
Back Surgery or Spine Surgery is a procedure to change a patients anatomy, such as removing a herniated disc that is causing pain, to provide pain relief. Spine surgery comes with risk of complications. Here are the list of NYC best hospitals for spine surgery and list of top spine surgeons in nyc. I have created this list of Best Spine Surgeons and Hospitals in NYC to help you out to choose your surgeon. Youll find a list of specialties, type of treatment and contact details for spine surgeons or spine surgery hospitals in NYC. ...
Dr. Kim make use of a comprehensive choice of minimally invasive treatments to effectively treat all characteristics of complex spinal disorders, including spinal stenosis, spinal deformities (such as scoliosis, spondylolisthesis, and kyphosis), traumatic injuries, tumors, and infections throughout the entire spine from the neck to the low back. A leader in his field, Dr. Kim is the founder of the Society for Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (SMISS), director of the Minimally Invasive Spine Center at Alvarado Hospital and associate clinical professor at UCSD. He is a Qualified Medical Evaluator and a past voting member of the FDA Orthopedic Devices Panel which reviews all new spinal technologies. Additionally, Dr. Kim is an active member of the North American Spine Society and the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and past-president of the San Diego Chapter of the Western Orthopaedic Association ...
Pocket Atlas of Spine Surgery, 2nd Edition by Kern Singh and Alexander Vaccaro is unique in its presentation, utilizing multilayered visuals to delineate the most commonly performed spine procedures. High-definition intraoperative photographs are juxtaposed with translucent anatomic drawings. This facilitates visualization of both the entire surgical field and complex anatomy never seen during surgery. It also provides greater insights into the subtleties of both open and technically demanding minimally invasive spine surgery techniques.. Unlike many large spine surgery atlases, this is the perfect, on-the-go, pocket-size resource for busy spine surgeons who work in any clinical setting. From the cervical to lumbar spine, 21 concise chapters reflect the collective technical expertise of internationally renowned spine surgeons. Easy-to-follow guidance is provided on fundamental open and minimally invasive techniques, including pedicle screw placement, fusion, discectomy, corpectomy, ...
Most spinal procedures involve the attachment of screws and other implants to the spine. Spine surgery has little room for error, as the vertebrae are surrounded by nerves, major blood vessels, and other vital structures. Spinal fixations, such as screws, are typically just millimeters away from sensitive spinal nerves, the spinal cord, the aorta, and other critical vessels.. The new, innovative robotic guidance technologys software allows surgeons to pre-plan a patients spine surgery virtually, using a 3-D simulation of the spinal anatomy based upon their most recent CT scan.. Its so important to plan in advance of spine surgery, says Moss. The Mazor Renaissance technology allows a surgeon to closely review the anatomy of each patient in depth, and get to know the specifics, to make a more precise surgical plan, and eventually execute a smoother operation.. Once inside the operating room, the Mazor technology matches, in real time, the surgeons pre-operative 3-D plan with ...
See the popularity of the girls name Centra over time, plus its meaning, origin, common sibling names, and more in BabyCenters Baby Names tool.
Išsilavinimas:. 2001 m. apginta disertacija tema „Uždegiminės ir neoplazinės skrandžio patologijos sąsaja su Helicobacter pylori infekcija.. 1994 m. Vilniaus universitetas, gydytojos patalogės rezidentūra.. Profesinė patirtis:. nuo 2008 m. gydytoja patologė konsultantė. UAB „Patologijos diagnostika .. 1994 - 2012 m. gydytoja patologė konsultantė, direktoriaus pavaduotoja medicinai. Valstybinis patologijos centras.. nuo 1997 m. Vilniaus universitetas, medicinos fakultetas, patologijos, teismo medicinos ir farmakologijos katedros dėstytoja. Nuo 2008 m. Vilniaus universitetas, medicinos fakulteto docentė.. Stažuotės:. 1994 m. NorthWestern University Chicago, Mikle Reeze Hospital, Pathology department. Čikaga, JAV. 1999 m. Bochum universitetas, Patologijos centras. Bochumas, Vokietija. 2000 m. Varšuvos podiplominių studijų medicinos centras. Varšuva, Lenkija. 2004 m. Leuven universitetas, Patologijos centras. Leuvenas, Belgija. 2006 m. Heidelbergo Patologijos institute. ...
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If you suffer from chronic neck or back pain due to a spine condition, youve probably been introduced to several treatment options available for your condition. If you are like most of our patients, youve tried several forms of treatment to relieve your neck or back pain, with only temporary results.. At USA Spine Care, we understand the frustration that youve experienced trying to find a lasting treatment for your spine condition. We have designed our minimally invasive spine surgery not simply to be a method of temporary relief, but rather a method of treatment that gets to the source of your pain. Our advanced procedures and outcomes have labeled USA Spine Care as the leader in minimally invasive spine surgery.. ...
East Bay Upright MRI has acquired a coil that take a full image of the entire upright spine - it takes only eight minutes to complete this process. This radiation free evaluation can also monitor the success of treatment provided by a Doctor. The only way that evaluation of scoliosis can be accurate is when the patient is in upright position. Conventional, recumbent MRI machines can not deliver necessary results. This radiation-free application can be performed in the same amount of time and at the same cost as diagnosis and monitoring by X-RAY. Coil MRI sees curvature of the vertebrae and the soft tissue as well. There are sagital and axial views of the entire spine - with no radiation exposure whatsoever. The 3 plane visualizations are achieved by 3D acquisition with curved multi planar reconstruction. Both Cobb angles and angular rotation of the vertebrae are measured, including the spinal cord, intervertebral discs, nerve roots and spinal ligaments. The National Cancer Institute reported a ...
Definition of vertebral column in the Financial Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is vertebral column? Meaning of vertebral column as a finance term. What does vertebral column mean in finance?
The Center for Excellence in Spine specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of scoliosis and pediatric spinal deformities. Learn more about scoliosis causes, symptoms and treatment options.
I had an ultrasound done yesterday and everything was fine. The fetal development is good but the report says |b|spine: posterior|/b|. I want to know the meaning of this and if it is a defect in the position of the fetus? Secondly, if it is a defect then what causes it and is it curable? I am 19 weeks and 5 days pregnant.
East Bay Upright MRI has acquired a coil that take a full image of the entire upright spine - it takes only eight minutes to complete this process. This radiation free evaluation can also monitor the success of treatment provided by a Doctor. The only way that evaluation of scoliosis can be accurate is when the patient is in upright position. Conventional, recumbent MRI machines can not deliver necessary results. This radiation-free application can be performed in the same amount of time and at the same cost as diagnosis and monitoring by X-RAY. Coil MRI sees curvature of the vertebrae and the soft tissue as well. There are sagital and axial views of the entire spine - with no radiation exposure whatsoever. The 3 plane visualizations are achieved by 3D acquisition with curved multi planar reconstruction. Both Cobb angles and angular rotation of the vertebrae are measured, including the spinal cord, intervertebral discs, nerve roots and spinal ligaments. The National Cancer Institute reported a ...
Abnormalities within the axial skeleton of the Bapx1 mutants were restricted to the ventromedial elements of the vertebrae that develop surrounding the notochord. The defects decrease in severity in a rostral-to-caudal direction. At E14.5, the cervical vertebrae contain very few midline sclerotomal cells. In the mid to lower thoracic/lumbar region, more sclerotomal cells appear at the ventral midline; however, these cells are markedly decreased in number and are disorganized. By E18.5, the ventromedial elements of each vertebra are completely absent. In the cervical vertebrae, the whole of the vertebral midline is missing. More posteriorly in many of the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae, the ventral neural arches fuse at the midline, suggesting that the deficiency is exclusive to the centra in these vertebrae.. In the basal plate of the chondrocranium, two bones are affected by the Bapx1 mutation. The first, the basioccipital bone, is deficient in midline cells at E14.5, which by E18.5 leads to ...
Given the precision required for these more demanding surgical techniques, many orthopedic surgeons or neurosurgeons with fellowship training are choosing to focus more of their practice on spine surgery. Some believe that the increased level of specialty training and focus on the spine has contributed to enhancements in surgical technique, which in turn has led to overall improved success rates and reduced morbidity (e.g. reduced post-operative discomfort) with many types of spine surgeries.. Spine surgery is typically an elective undertaking, meaning that it is considered as a possible approach to enhance a patients ability to function and decrease pain. However, just because spine surgery is elective does not mean it is not covered by insurance ...
Asian Spine Journal (Asian Spine J), the official journal of the Asia Pacific Spine Society (APSS), Middle East Spine Society (MESS), Association of Spine Surgeons of India (ASSI), Taiwan Spine Society (TWSS), Chinese Spine Society of Medicine Education (CSSME), and Korean Society of Spine Surgery (KSSS), is an international peerreviewed journal which publishes articles related to basic and clinical researches of all spine fields bimonthly in end of February, April, June, August, October, and December. Asian Spine Journal was founded in 2007.
Spine surgery what to expect before spine surgery, the morning of spine surgery, and after spine surgery from NY Spine Institute.
I recently had major spinal surgery, and if you have never gone under general anesthesia, then you may not know that it wreaks havoc with your system, and more specifically your plumbing. To rub slat in the wound(No pun intended) they put me on iron...big mistake. There is nothing worse than things not running smoothly(Like how I am avoiding all the graphics about this subject), and that is what I was experiencing...until today ...
With less than 10 miles ridden need to sell my beautiful Rambler. Ive had to have major spinal surgery and Im unable to ride it
The diagram of the spine indicates the total length of the spine along with many forms of vertebrae. The location of ??the spine that produces the neck is recognized as the cervical spine. Did you know that the curves of your spine could be influencing your all round properly-becoming? Our spine can quickly be mentioned to be 1 of the simplest components of the human physique that will be impacted by our lack of right posture. The thoracic spine is the location of ??the spine that is positioned on the upper back. While the cervical spine ought to have a typical lordotic curve, some persons have a higher curvature whose existence could not be found for numerous years. There are numerous unique types of degenerative spine, and the situation can have an effect on the neck and arms along with the back itself ...
This stock medical exhibit compares a normal lumbar spine with the patients lumbar spine, based upon an actual X-ray. The X-ray interpretation clearly shows the scoliosis at L2-L3, as well as degenerative disc disease at L2-L3, L3-L4, and L4-L5.
Dr Uday Doctor in Pearland, Beaumont and Houston, TX specializes in lumbar spine surgery. He also offers treatment for cervical spine, thoracic spine and lumbar spine conditions.
Spine Surgery in São Paulo. Cost of Spine Surgery in São Paulo, View List of Best Reviewed Hospitals & Surgeons & Book Appointment, Patient Reviews, Spine Surgery Meaning, Risks, Side Effects & FAQ. | Practo
Spine Surgery in Ghaziabad. Cost of Spine Surgery in Ghaziabad, View List of Best Reviewed Hospitals & Surgeons & Book Appointment, Patient Reviews, Spine Surgery Meaning, Risks, Side Effects & FAQ. | Practo
A method of stabilizing a portion of a spine includes pivoting first and second members of an expandable spinal implant relative to one another to a closed configuration in which the spinal implant has a compact profile, inserting the spinal implant in the closed configuration into the spine between first and second vertebral bodies, and pivoting the first and second members crosswise to an expanded configuration while the spinal implant is within the spine. The first and second members are separate from and coupled to one another.
After a certain age, our bones start getting weak that we all know. In many cases, the spinal cord starts affecting younger ages too. The reason could be an accident, posture issue, or heredity. Among different health conditions, figuring out when to consult spine surgery in India becomes a prime concern.. Even after deciding for the diagnosis, ending up with the best doctor for spine treatment becomes the second-most important concern.. If you are keen on knowing the spine surgery types then this article is perfectly suited for you.. Before moving ahead, its important to know the importance of the spine for the wellbeing. It gives stability and strength to our body every time we move. Also, the spinal bones are providing protection to the spinal cord. Thus, if you face any problem with the spine, you need to address an expert orthopedic surgeon. The invasive methods will be tried first to address the pain or lower back issues.. If these could not minimize the pain then the orthopaedist may ...
MEDICAL ANIMATION TRANSCRIPT: The spine is made up of bones called vertebrae, which are stacked on top of each other. The vertebrae protect a bundle of nerve fibers called the spinal cord. It runs through an opening in the center of each vertebra. The main sections of the spine are the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar regions. Looking at it from the side, the spine normally has three curves. A C in the cervical spine, a reverse C in the thoracic spine, and another C in the lumbar spine. Viewed from behind, the spine should appear to be completely straight up and down. Scoliosis is a condition where the spine has an abnormal side-to-side curve. Most cases of scoliosis have no known cause. In some cases, scoliosis may be present at birth. In other cases, it may occur over time. The most common cause in adults is asymmetric degeneration of the disks, causing the spine to be tilted to one side or the other. Causes may include cerebral palsy, paralysis, muscular dystrophy, osteoporosis, or spinal fractures.
Europos narkotikų ir narkomanijos stebėsenos centras (EMCDDA) buvo įsteigtas 1993 metais. Nuo 1995 m. Lisabonoje įsikūręs EMCDDA yra viena iš ES decentralizuotų agentūrų. Europos narkotikų ir narkomanijos stebėsenos centras įsteigtas tam, kad ES ir valstybėms narėms teiktų narkotikų keliamų problemų Europoje apžvalgą ir patikimą pagrindą diskusijoms apie narkotikų daromą žalą. Politikos formuotojams centras suteikia duomenų, kurie būtini priimant pagrįstus teisės aktus ir rengiant strategijas. Jis taip pat padeda šioje srityje dirbantiems profesionalams ir specialistams tiksliai nustatyti geriausią praktiką ir naujas mokslinių tyrimų sritis. ...
Liverpool were not just without Virgil van Dijk against Ajax. Three of their best players were out and Fabinho filled in for each of them.
Modeling the Human Spine. By: Benjamin Arai & Conley Read. CS231 Project, Spring 2005 University of California, Riverside Professor: Victor Zordan. Abstract. Related works to spine modeling Anatomical Spine Initial Pose User Interface User input to spine position Slideshow...
Adolescent scoliosis did not end this swimmers quest to fulfill dreams of swimming at the Olympic Games. How robotic spine surgery facilitated her scoliosis surgical procedure.
Where will your spine surgery be performed? DISC Spine Institutes surgeons use the most advanced and comfortable spine surgery facilities in North Texas.
Classification of the spinal deformity in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) remains two-dimensional (2D) as the spinal radiographs remain the mainstay in clinical evaluation of the disease. 3D classification systems are proposed, however are time consuming. We here aim to evaluate the clinical application of a 3D classification system by the use of only posterior-anterior and lateral radiographs in Lenke 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Forty Lenke 1 AIS were classified by five observers following a three-step flowchart, developed based on our previous 3D classification system. This 3D classification characterizes the curve in the frontal and sagittal views and infers the third dimension with rules based on prior data to determine the 3D subtypes of the curve. Repeated rating was performed for 20 randomly selected patients in the same cohort. In addition to the classification by the raters, the 3D model of the spines were generated to determine the actual curve subtype based on the algorithm
Centra mineral deposits asymptotically and with maturity. Mineral content has been previously shown to correlate with stiffness and toughness; therefore, we expected centra from mature animals to have a greater ability to resist deformation and absorb energy (Porter et al., 2006, 2007; Kajiura et al., 2005; Dingerkus et al., 1991). Contrary to our hypothesis, YOY sharks had the stiffest and toughest centra (Table S1; Fig. 5). Our data suggest that the transitional boundary between the mineralized double cone and surrounding cartilage in centra may vary with development, impacting the amount of the mineralized phase being compressed at 4% strain among ontogenetic groups. Specifically, we propose that the deformation seen in the youngest sharks recruited more of the mineralized phase than in the immature and mature animals (Figs 4 and 5). Our selection of 4% strain as a standardized displacement was informed by Porter et al. (2014), where compressive strain was measured in vivo in individual ...
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Scoliosis is a musculoskeletal disorder that adversely affects the shape of the spine (backbone). A scoliotic spine (when viewed from behind) will not be straight and may instead look like the letter C or S, due to a side-to-side (right-to-left) curvature. Congenital means the scoliosis is present at birth. A congenital condition is present at birth because of a problem during development. For congenital scoliosis, the abnormal curvature of the spine develops before birth. This is thought to occur early in fetal development (during first 4-6 weeks). Although congenital scoliosis is present at birth, it may not be discovered until a child grows.. Compared to idiopathic scoliosis, the abnormal curves in congenital scoliosis are generally more resistant to correction. It is estimated that between 10-25% of congenital scoliotic curves will never progress (get worse). Unfortunately, the majority of congenital scoliotic curves do progress (get worse) and require active treatment. Generally, ...
It is unclear why some children with a small magnitude scoliosis at the onset of the adolescent growth spurt develop a progressive curve. Normally the skeleton grows symmetrically, presumably because genetic and epigenetic factors regulating growth to maintain growth symmetry despite activities and environmental factors causing asymmetrical loading of the spine. This chapter reviews the recently published data relating to the notion that progression of scoliosis is a result of biomechanical factors modulating spinal growth (vicious cycle theory). Quantitative data exist for the key variables in an analysis of scoliosis curve progression. In a predictive model of the evolution of scoliosis simulating the vicious cycle theory, and using these published data, a small lateral curvature of the spine can produce asymmetrical spinal loading that causes asymmetrical growth and a self-perpetuating progressive deformity during skeletal growth. This can occur if the neuromuscular control of muscle ...
In the absence of any generally accepted scientific theory for the etiology of idiopathic scoliosis, treatment remains pragmatic with a very incomplete scientific basis. The International Federated Body on Scoliosis Etiology (IBSE) [1] introduced the Electronic Focus Group (EFG) as a means of increasing debate of knowledge on important topics. The text for this debate was written by Dr Ian Stokes who addresses the concept of mechanical modulation of vertebral body growth in the pathogenesis of progressive adolescent scoliosis generally attributed to the Hueter-Volkmann or Delpech effect [1-25] in which constant pathologic strong pressure inhibits endochondral longitudinal growth while reduced compression accelerates growth [2-4]; pressure exerted eccentrically causes an active change in the direction of growth [2, 5-7]. Brace treatment is based on this effect although the efficacy of bracing continues to be debated and questioned [26-39] while exercises are not even considered by many ...
Heres a hemivertebrae spine on the left and a normal spine on the right.. Hemivertebrae is a congenital abnormality of the spine where the left and right halves of the vertebrae grow unequally to create a butterfly shape in what should otherwise be a very straight spine. The condition causes the spine to bend and twist or grow at an angle and fuse vertebrae together into a wedge.. While this might sound like an awful condition for a dog, Hemivertebrae is NOT considered a medical problem, especially if it only occurs in the tail. The deformity is actually a desired characteristic in brachycephalic breeds (dogs with a flat-face and short-nose) because it is responsible for the adorable appearance of these dogs. Typical canines have 49 to 53 vertebrae, depending on the length of their tail. Dogs with screw tails have 10 to 15 less vertebrae.. With that said, Hemivertebrae can be a painful condition for puppies during the first 9 months of life while their spine is still growing. And the ...
Job Summary:. Reporting to the Practice Manager and under the supervision of the Providers, the Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) cares for patients and performs a wide variety of patient care activities. Adheres to state, federal and organizational guidelines to ensure quality care and patient safety with support from the Clinical Excellence team. Is essential in maintaining organization and facilitating patient flow. Actively participates in outstanding customer service and accepts responsibility in maintaining relationships that are equally respectful to all. This facility is an equal opportunity employer and complies with federal, state and local anti-discrimination laws, regulations and ordinances.. Category: Nursing. Organization: AdventHealth Centra Care. Schedule: Full-time. Shift: 1 - Day. Travel: ADH Centra Care Corp Office. We are an equal opportunity employer and do not tolerate discrimination based on race, color, creed, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, age or ...
MRI inflammation in a vertebral unit slightly increases the likelihood of finding a new syndesmophyte in the same vertebral unit 2 years later, but does not predict the growth of already existing syndesmophytes. The majority of syndesmophytes developed in vertebral units without any sign of inflammation on MRI, suggesting that the relationship between MRI inflammation and syndesmophyte formation is not straightforward. For some of the case definitions, this association did not reach statistical significance. The subtle association between MRI activity and new syndesmophytes at the vertebral unit level did not translate into an association at the patient level; however, a trend was also observed.. Two other studies have shown a statistical association between inflammation on MRI of individual vertebral units and the subsequent development of a new syndesmophyte at the same level 2 years later.12 13 The strength of association was slightly higher in those studies (OR≈3 and OR≈5, respectively) ...
Repeated radiation exposure during adolescence, specifically to the breast and thyroid gland, has been previously reported to be associated with the development of cancers; however, the exact correlation between radiation dose in children and adolescents is poorly understood. Our findings reveal a higher incidence of endometrial and breast cancer in our AIS cohort compared to the age-matched population in Denmark. Although previous studies have shown an increased breast cancer and breast cancer death in patients exposed to radiation for spinal deformities, this is the first study reporting the incidence of endometrial and breast cancer in a relatively healthy population of adolescent females after radiation exposure during the 1980s and 1990s. Looking at the total number of radiographic examinations, the patients who developed cancer had on average more…examinations than the cohort in general, the authors explain.. Further, the study showed that patients who developed endometrial cancers ...
Spine surgery has developed a lot over the last century. Doctors first began trying to conduct spine surgery in the 1800s but it was primarily used in attempts at curing children of back issues they were born with. Fast forward to the First World War and we begin to see spine surgery become more common, and as a result, advances in technique are developed. However, even as these techniques were developed, spine surgery was still seen as more of a last resort. By the 1970s, our medical knowledge and techniques were capable of actually providing more effective and long term treatment. The downside at this point in time was how big of an opening needed to be made to conduct the spine surgery. This often caused damage to the surrounding muscles and left the patient with limited mobility during recovery and often a lot of pain.. Fortunately, new technologies have given us minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) in the last two decades. Minimally invasive spine surgery doesnt require a long incision ...
Vertebral centra are the primary structures that resist compressive axial forces, and the relationship between dimensions of the centra and stiffness has long been described using beam theory (e.g. Christian and Preuschoft, 1996; Slijper, 1946). Dorsoventrally flattened centra are understood to increase sagittal flexibility by decreasing the moment of resistance in the dorsoventral plane, permitting the dorsoventral motion that characterizes terrestrial locomotion in mammals (Boszczyk et al., 2001; Shapiro, 2007). Spool-shaped centra with a high ratio of length to cross-sectional area are thought to allow greater flexibility than more axially compressed vertebral bodies (Buchholtz, 2001), while relatively short centra promote stability by decreasing bending moments and increasing joint contact area (Pierce et al., 2011; Shapiro, 2007). In line with our initial predictions, we found that an increase in centrum height was significantly correlated with an increase in joint stiffness in dorsal ...
Fondren Orthopedic Group offers treatments for spine deformities including scoliosis, kyphosis and lordosis in West University, Bellaire, Kingwood and Houston, Texas
Journal subscribers can now claim CME for reading selected articles in Spine Deformity. Credit is claimed by taking and passing a short exam based on an article and then answering a short post-test evaluation. Credit for each article can be earned for up to one year post-publication. CME exams are now available for ALL 2016 issues at http://www.spine-deformity.org/cme/home. These exams are provided free of charge to all subscribers. SRS designates each Journal-Based CME activity for a maximum of 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™.. ...
Learning more about the various conditions of the spine could help you determine what symptoms youre experiencing, and if youre dealing with one of the following conditions discussed here.. The spine is made up of three segments including the cervical spine of the neck, the lumbar spine of the lower back, and the thoracic spine of the chest. It also consists of vertebrae, the spinal cord, nerves, muscles, ligaments, intervertebral discs, and facet joints.. The vertebrae are small bones that are stacked on top of one another to protect your spinal cord. The spinal cord starts at your skull, travels down your lower back, and includes nerves that carry messages between the brain and muscles. Muscles and ligaments support the spine and keep the spinal column stable. The intervertebral discs sit between the vertebrae and provide structure to the spine, allow movement, and act as shock absorbers. The facet joints are located between the vertebrae and allow the spine to move and rotate.. Below are ...
There are five lumbar vertebrae. These vertebrae are the largest of the true or mobile vertebrae. They are distinguishable by their large size and lack of transverse foramina and costal facets. They form a strong column of support at the base of the vertebral column. The articular processes of the lumbar vertebrae are robust having their facets oriented in the sagittal plane to provide for flexion and extension movements of this region of the vertebral column. They have thick pedicles arising from the cranial aspect of the vertebral body. The laminae are thick and short. They project caudally to unite as thick, quadrilateral spinous processes. The vertebral bodies have a large elliptical shape when viewed from above ...
I have read that there seems to be genetic links to Idiopathic Scoliosis. My question is what is the genetic link with Congenital Scoliosis. What are the chances percentage wise that it (congenital scoliosis) can be passed down to my children? I know from reading that only 1 in every 10,000 people in the US have congenital scoliosis and it is considered very rare.
Complex spinal anomalies involved in congenital scoliosis consist of a jumble of vertebral defects. Progressive scoliotic curves are frequently encountered in these patients. We evaluated the results of hemi-epiphysiodesis for this patient population. A series of ten patients with unclassified scoliosis, involving multiple hemivertebrae and/or bars, was reviewed retrospectively. Hemi-epiphysiodesis was the primary treatment in all patients. Mortality, complications and wound healing problems did not occur. The average Cobb angle for all patients changed from 54° (range: 40°-74°), preoperatively, to 58° (range: 30°-104°), postoperatively. Applying the criterion of a minimum change of 20°, to take into account measurement variability, an epiphysiodesis effect was achieved in two procedures, progression was arrested in six procedures and failure occurred in two procedures. The mean rate of Cobb angle change per annum decreased from 2.9° (range: -35° to 14°), preoperatively, to 2.4° (range: -4°
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An apparatus and method for cutting spinal implants to a desired length is disclosed. The spinal implant is supported on a mandrel that rotates while a cutting blade cuts the spinal implant. The apparatus and method accurately size and cut spinal implants to the desired length.
An almost complete vertebral series is present. The description states ten cervical vertebrae are preserved, missing at least the atlas but the materials list only says eight cervical vertebrae are present. Hmm. The text states the middle cervical vertebrae have a highly modified hyposphene-hypantrum with the hypantrum extending ventrally below the dorsal border of the neural canal (Fig. 6b), but the figure shows nothing extending ventrally into the neural canal and I thought hyposphene-hypantrum articulations were absent from most theropod anterior dorsals, let alone cervicals. Dorsal centra are longer anteroposteriorly than tall dorsoventrally, unlike the dorsal centra of typical predatory theropods. :, Tell that to coelophysoids, compsognathid-grade taxa, troodontids, microraptorians... Likely pleurocoels are present in all dorsal vertebrae in the form of longitudinal fossae on the lateral surfaces of centra. Havent we progressed since the days of Osmolska et al. and Welles calling ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The surgical treatment of instability of the upper part of the cervical spine in children and adolescents. AU - Koop, S. E.. AU - Winter, R. B.. AU - Lonstein, J. E.. PY - 1984/1/1. Y1 - 1984/1/1. N2 - In a retrospective review of the cases of thirteen skeletally immature children and adolescents (four to eighteen years old) with instability of the upper part of the cervical spine (occiput to fifth cervical vertebra), we determined the efficacy of posterior arthrodesis and halo-cast immobilization in the management of this condition. The patients were divided into two groups: those with congenital vertebral anomalies alone (fusion or structural defects, or both) and those with cervical anomalies and systemic disorders (dwarfism, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Down syndrome, and cerebral palsy). Two patterns of instability were found: instabilities at intervertebral joints adjacent to vertebral fusions, and instabilities located in vertebral defects. For all patients treatment ...
This is Dr. David. it sounds like you had a lumbar spine MRI scan.. Spondylolisthesis is the forward displacement of a vertebra, especially the fourth and fifth lumbar vertebra, grade 1 is the mildest. retrolisthesis is a posterior displacement of one vertebral body with respect to the adjacent vertebrae to a degree less than a luxation (dislocation). degenerative changes is arthritis type of inflammatory changes.. osteophytes are extra bone spur growths. facet joints are one of the joints of the spine which connect the upper and lower vertebral bones and are close to nerves which exit the spinal cord.. being overweight can cause disk space narrowing between the bones of the spine.. no bone fractures are seen. no bone lesions.. you have some plaques in the blood vessels which comes with age in your aorta which is close to your spine.. how old are you?. are you having back pain?. are you overweight? ...
Traditional open spine surgery requires a large muscle-tearing incision, longer hospital stay and a long recovery period.. 3. Why will spine surgery fail?. Delay In Surgery By The Patient due To Spine Surgery Fear. However, there have been significant developments in the spine surgery in the form of equipment like endoscope, miscroscope and surgical microtools.. 4. What is the role of belt/brace after Key Hole Spine Surgery?. Although most patients are provided a brace, this is for comfort only. The use of minimally invasive techniques that preserve muscle function, along with specialized implants that act as an internal brace, allows one to avoid having to wear a brace. Most patients find that the brace improves their pain for about 1-2 weeks, and thereafter it is only worn occasionally.. 5. How long will I be in the hospital?. After a Key Hole disc surgery patient can go home in the evening or next day morning. In spine fusion surgery , open procedure will need 5-7 days of stay whereas Key ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of TBX6-associated congenital scoliosis (TACS) as a clinically distinguishable subtype of congenital scoliosis: further evidence supporting the compound inheritance and TBX6 gene dosage model. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
The lack of a functional Hoxc10 homeobox causes several homeotic transformations in the axial skeleton (Table 1, Figures 3 and 4). Wild-type C57Bl/6 mice typically have 30 precaudal vertebrae, with the more caudal vertebrae organized in T13L6S4 pattern, with thirteen thoracic vertebrae, six lumbar vertebrae and four sacral vertebrae [refs]. Eighty percent of the wild-type mice examined in this study exhibited this pattern, with the remainder of the animals showing some mild variation in the shape of the L1, L6, or S1 segments; these types of variations are within the range of normal [ref]. Hoxc10 mutant mice also have 30 precaudal vertebrae, but the patterning of the vertebral column is altered. Most Hoxc10 mutant mice (33 of 34 examined) show a partial to complete transformation of the thirteenth thoracic vertebrae, precaudal vertebra 20 (PC20) into a lumbar identity, typified by the reduction or complete loss of the thirteenth rib. By definition, thoracic vertebrae are those vertebrae with ...
Idiopathic scoliosis (IS) is a complex disease with an unclear etiology, and the worldwide prevalence is approximately 2-3%. As an important link between environmental factors and phenotypic differences, epigenetic changes, such as lncRNA, miRNA, and DNA methylation, have recently been reported to be associated with the development of IS. However, the correlation between histone methylation, another classical epigenetic mechanism, and IS has not been determined. In this study, we investigated the morphological changes, alterations in the levels of histone methylation, and cell proliferation-related pathway in inferior facet joint cartilage in 11 IS patients and 10 comparable controls. Compared with the control group, narrowed facet joint cartilage but increased proliferative chondrocytes and upregulated collagen type II (COL2A1) and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl2) were observed in IS patients. Additionally, tri-methylation levels of H3K9 (H3K9me3) rather than other lysine sites were significantly increased in
Launch of Reline 3D represents Companys continued commitment to innovation in the pediatric spine market. SAN DIEGO - June 18, 2020 - NuVasive, Inc. (NASDAQ: NUVA), the leader in spine technology innovation, focused on transforming spine surgery with minimally disruptive, procedurally integrated solutions, today announced the expansion of its complex spine portfolio with the global commercial availability of Reline 3D™, a posterior fixation system for patients suffering from pediatric spinal deformities.. The Reline 3D system is optimized for the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), which involves intricate surgical techniques to address the three-dimensional deformity present in the spine. The system unifies current deformity techniques involving multi-step, single-plane correction, into one holistic procedure enabling surgeons to overcome current inefficiencies in the operating room. Reline 3D is designed to provide simultaneous, three-dimensional deformity correction, ...
Our great thanks to Spine Surgery India a best medical approach to correct the problems related to the spine. We both are affected by the spinal problems. I was dealing with severe pain in my neck and my husband was dealing with pain in his back from a long period of time and all other non-surgical treatments were failed to provide us relief from pain. However, when we visited Spine Surgery India there we found the best spine specialist from around the world as well as the dedicated surgeons who believe in providing only the best services to its patients. The aim of the spine surgeons in India has always been to correct their patients back and neck conditions and help them in returning their normal routine quickly. They offer us a complete range of diagnostic and treatment services for various problems of the spine and help us to recover from neck and back pain.. Thanks to Spine Surgery India for living our life happily. Kristina Gomez. ...
Insertion instruments and a main body assembly and a universal wing to be inserted are provided, along with methods of using these instruments for the insertion of the spinal implants in patients to relieve the symptoms of, for example, spinal stenosis, injuries, and degenerative diseases of the spine. The instruments are simply designed and can be disassembled, making cleaning and sterilization easy and convenient. The instruments are designed to engage with and disengage from spinal implants easily, and use of the instrument in spinal implant surgery can be carried out with minimal surgical intervention and does not require general anesthesia. The main body assembly and the universal wing are designed to conveniently be secured to the insertion instruments. In an alternative embodiment the instrument can be nested and at least one instrument can include a handle provided at an angle.
Spinal mobility in the cervical and lumbar spine correlates with magnetic resonance imaging findings for inflammatory and structural changes in patients with active ankylosing spondylitis. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2020 Apr 03; Authors: Baraliakos X, Hermann KA, Xu S, Hsia EC, Braun J Abstract OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess relationships between single Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Me...
0063] Additional embodiments of a catheter of the present invention are shown in FIGS. 8A-8F. In each of the distal electrode array, the spines form close loops lying in a common plane, having no free distal ends, where the distal end of each spine is joined with or extends to the distal end of at least one other spine in a manner which maintains the spines in a generally parallel position or at least in a manner which generally maintains a predetermined spacing between the spines. By keeping the spines separated and equidistant from each, the spines are less prone to overlap and the electrodes are less susceptible to cross talk, without compromising the flexibility of the spines. As shown in FIG. 8A, the spines of the array may have angled distal portions 17A that converge and allow distal ends 17D of all the spines of the array to meet and be joined together while keeping the proximal portion 17P of the spines generally parallel and equidistant. As shown in FIG. 8B, the spines are arranged ...
Spinal implants are generally composed of several components which, when connected together, form a spinal implant assembly. Spinal implant assemblies are designed to provide some stability to the spine while arthrodesis takes
Joint commission survey of centra health - Washington Technology - Latest News for Government .... Joint Advance is a natural formula designed to shield your joints from the trials and results of working hard and playing hard.
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Centra Medical Group - PrimeCare East provides comprehensive medical care for everyone in your family. Our mission is to provide the community with access to quality care to improve the overall wellness and lifestyle of each of our patients. From pediatric and adolescent to adult and geriatric patients, PrimeCare is available to serve you. Appointments Appointments are
Our experienced team of spine surgeons and neurosurgeons is at the forefront of the field of minimally invasive spine surgery. Unlike traditional open back surgery, minimally invasive spine surgery accomplishes nerve decompression without the lengthy recovery§ and rehabilitation typically associated with major surgery. In fact, the orthopedic surgeons at Laser Spine Institute are able to treat a variety of conditions on an outpatient basis, such as degenerative disc disease, herniated discs, facet disease, spinal stenosis and pinched nerves, among others.. We utilize the very latest in laser technology, which allows our doctors to identify correctly the source of your discomfort, address the problem, and finish the surgery in a fraction of the time of traditional back surgery - be it disc degeneration or a lone bone spur.. Some examples of the symptoms that minimally invasive spine surgery can address include:. ...
At Centra Medical Group Surgical Specialists, our mission is to provide the community with access to quality care to improve the overall wellness and lifestyle of each of our patients. We pride ourselves on our collegial and collaborative working relationships with other surgeons and physicians... ...
Centra Health will be working closer with University of Virginia Health by the end of this year to provide smoother transitions and boosted service to transplant patients.
UAB &ldquo;Penkių kontinentų komunikacijų centras&rdquo; provides various telecommunications and data transfer services by means of a modern fiber-optic ...
One shoulder is higher than the other. Muscle spasms 3. A very small number of people with scoliosis may need surgery. Back pain from degenerative scoliosis does not start suddenly. There are different types of scoliosis based on the cause and age when the curve develops. Shooting pains 4. Scoliosis. Other signs can include: 1. End result of the treatment of idiopathic scoliosis. The brain doesnt send those normal messages when your child has idiopathic scoliosis. Symptoms and signs depend on the severity of the condition. uneven shoulders. Boston Childrens Hospital: Congenital Scoliosis Symptoms Causes. Your spine is made up of small bones called vertebrae that are stacked on top of each other. During the early stages of scoliosis, there may not be many symptoms. It is most often diagnosed in childhood or early adolescence. Adult scoliosis, for example, can actually contort the spine in ways that cause pain, nerve damage, lack of mobility, and even visible deformity. Scoliosis is where the ...
If youre reading this, youre probably interested in laser spine surgery. Youre hoping to find out what it can do for you, especially if you have a chronic condition of the spine thats causing you pain. Its a natural (and laudable) impulse to seek out answers when you have a physical problem.. But is laser surgery all its cracked up to be?. The advent of the use of lasers in surgery is nothing new. Theyve been around since the early 1970s. But recently, theres been a pronounced spike in public interest around lasers as a minimally invasive answer to spine surgery.. And thats where the going gets murky.. The term minimally invasive implies that the lasers used somehow reduce the invasive nature of spine surgery. In fact, lasers are used only at the initiation of the procedure. After an incision is made, the laser is used to clear soft tissue away from the vertebrae - thats it.. When the term laser spine surgery is used, patients are often led to believe that the procedure renders the ...
Accurate scoliosis information can be hard to find. Learn about the cause of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis and 5 surprising scoliosis facts.
Scoliosis does not usually cause back pain, however it can become more painful overtime as the curvature of the spine worsens.. What are the causes of scoliosis?. In most cases of scoliosis the cause is unknown (idiopathic scoliosis), however a few medical conditions, such as cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy and Marfan syndrome are known causes.. It is rare for babies to be born with scoliosis, and generally the condition will take place in later life as a result of gradual spinal degeneration or previously undiagnosed scoliosis that has worsened over time.. Scoliosis can develop at any age, but is most common in children aged ten to fifteen. It is thought that approximately 3 or 4 in every 1000 children in the UK will require treatment for scoliosis. Females are also more subject to scoliosis than males.. ...
The spine naturally has a nonlinear force-deflection characteristic which facilitates passive stability, and thus there is a need for spinal implants that duplicate this behavior to provide stabilization when the spine loses stiffness through injury, degeneration, or surgery. Additionally, due to the complexity and variability in the mechanics of spinal dysfunction, implants could potentially benefit from incorporating a customizable stiffness into their design. This paper presents a spinal implant with contact-aided inserts that provide a customizable nonlinear stiffness. An analytical model was utilized to optimize the device design, and the model was then verified using a finite element model. Validation was performed on physical prototypes, first in isolation using a tensile tester and then using cadaveric testing on an in-house spine tester. Testing confirmed the performance of the implant and it was observed that the device increased mechanical stability to the spinal segment in ...
The dinosaur's name meant "egyptian spine lizard", in reference to the unusually long neural spines not seen previously in any ... When alive, these spines would have been covered in skin or fat tissue and formed a dorsal sail down the animal's back, a ... Cranial crests and neural spines[edit]. Theropod heads were often decorated with some form of crest, horn, or rugose structure. ... Many genera had unusually tall neural spines on their vertebrae, which supported sails or humps of skin or fat tissue. ...
Becker's Orthopedic & Spine Review[edit]. 70 of the Best Knee Surgeons in America. December 2010 ...
Spine[edit]. Robotic devices started to be used in minimally invasive spine surgery starting in the mid-2000s.[28] As of 2014, ... Shweikeh F, Amadio JP, Arnell M, Barnard ZR, Kim TT, Johnson JP, Drazin D (March 2014). "Robotics and the spine: a review of ... there were too few randomized clinical trials to allow judgement as to whether robotic spine surgery is more or less safe than ...
Spine[edit]. Vertebral anomalies, or defects of the spinal column, usually consist of small (hypoplastic) vertebrae or ... Later in life these spinal column abnormalities may put the child at risk for developing scoliosis, or curvature of the spine.[ ...
Electric Spine[edit]. Main article: Electric Spine. *Electrification of the lines from the Port of Southampton to Nuneaton, and ... These were to be Northern Hub, Great Western Main Line, South Wales Main Line, Midland Main Line, Electric Spine, Crossrail, ... 2012 Department for Transport plans for UK rail electrification by 2019 including Northern Hub (red), Electric Spine (yellow/ ... As a large portion of the spine depends on electrification of the Midland Main Line and this has been cancelled north of ...
The most prominent feature of Dimetrodon is the large neural spine sail on its back formed by elongated spines extending from ... The figure-eight shape is thought to reinforce the spine, preventing bending and fractures.[21] A cross section of the spine of ... The sail of Dimetrodon is formed by elongated neural spines projecting from the vertebrae. Each spine varies in cross-sectional ... indicating that the shape of spines may change as individuals age.[22] The microscopic anatomy of each spine varies from base ...
Spine. 34 (11): E405-13. doi:10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181a16d63. PMID 19444054.. *^ a b c d e Ernst E (2007). "Adverse effects of ... "Evidence-Based Spine-Care Journal. 4 (1): 30-41. doi:10.1055/s-0033-1341605. PMC 3699243 . PMID 24436697.. ... "European Spine Journal. 20 (7): 1024-38. doi:10.1007/s00586-010-1676-3. PMC 3176706 . PMID 21229367.. ... There is low or very low evidence supporting SM for chronic lumbar spine-related extremity symptoms and cervical spine-related ...
SPINE, 25(23), 3072-3079. Foye P, Buttaci C, Stitik T, Yonclas P (2006). "Successful injection for coccyx pain". Am J Phys Med ... Coccydynia occurs in the lowest part of the spine, the coccyx, which is believed to be a vestigial tail, or in other words the ... "Causes and Mechanisms of Common Coccydynia: Role of Body Mass Index and Coccygeal Trauma." Spine Journal 2.5.23 (2000): 3072- ... Spine. 21: 2588-93. doi:10.1097/00007632-199611150-00008. Foye, P; Buttaci, C; Stitik, T; Yonclas, P (2006). "Successful ...
An outcome study". Spine. 14 (4): 431-7. doi:10.1097/00007632-198904000-00018. PMID 2718047. S2CID 12334905.. ... Likewise, an impingement in the lower back or lumbar-sacral spine can be manifested with symptoms in the foot. ... Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the portion of the spine where radiculopathy is suspected may reveal evidence of ... Zhu L, Wei X, Wang S (February 2016). "Does cervical spine manipulation reduce pain in people with degenerative cervical ...
Spine. 30 (23): 2649-56. doi:10.1097/01.brs.0000188117.77657.ee. PMID 16319751. S2CID 22529392.. ...
For a bipedal stance, a highly mobile, elongated lower spine is very beneficial.[64] For instance, the human spine takes on an ... Evidence basisfor management of spine and chest wall deformities in children.Spine(Phila Pa 1976). 2007;32(suppl):S81-S90 ... Surgeons who are specialized in spine surgery perform surgery for scoliosis. To completely straighten a scoliotic spine is ... designed to straighten the spine. Because of the constant pressure applied to the spine, the brace was uncomfortable. It caused ...
Spine. 34 (1): 49-59. doi:10.1097/brs.0b013e3181909558. PMID 19127161.. ...
... (also spelled "Kohler" and referred to in some texts as Kohler disease I)[1] is a rare bone disorder of the foot found in children between six and nine years of age. The disease typically affects boys, but it can also affect girls. It was first described in 1908 by Alban Köhler (1874-1947), a German radiologist.[2][3] Dr. A. Köhler noted that children with foot pain displayed characteristics, within their x-rays, of irregularity in growth and development of the tarsal navicular bone in the foot. Furthermore, Köhler disease is known to affect five times more boys than girls and typically, only one foot is affected. The disease was then found to belong to a group of conditions called osteochondroses, which disturb bone growth at ossification centres which occurs during bone development. It is caused when the navicular bone temporarily loses its blood supply. As a result, tissue in the bone dies and the bone collapses. When treated, it causes no long term problems in most cases ...
The ribs attach to the spine and there are no limbs or limb girdles. The main external features of the fish, the fins, are ... The skeleton consists of a skull, a hyoid bone, spine and ribs though a few species retain a vestige of the pelvis and rear ... Wiltse, LL; Pait, TG (1 September 1998). "Herophilus of Alexandria (325-255 B.C.) The Father of Anatomy". Spine. 23 (17): 1904- ... There may also be protrusions such as microvilli, cilia, bristles, spines and tubercles.[46] ...
European guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of pelvic girdle pain.Eur Spine J. 2008 Feb 8 Vleeming A, Albert HB, ... "Pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PPP), I: Terminology, clinical presentation, and prevalence European Spine Journal Vol 13 ... Spine. 32 (13): 1430-6. doi:10.1097/brs.0b013e318060a673. PMID 17545912. S2CID 20342821.. ...
738.5) Other acquired deformity of back or spine. *(738.6) Acquired deformity of pelvis ...
"Spine. 37 (1): 67-76. doi:10.1097/brs.0b013e31820cccfb. PMID 21311399.. *^ a b North American Spine Society (February 2013), " ... Lumbar spine[edit]. *Posterolateral fusion is a bone graft between the transverse processes in the back of the spine. These ... Chapter 7: The Postoperative Spine. MRI Atlas: Orthopedics and Neurosurgery - The Spine. trans. B. Herwig. Berlin: Springer- ... Thoracic spine[edit]. *Anterior decompression and fusion[3]. *Posterior instrumentation and fusion - many different types of ...
International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine Seattle, Washington, June 1994". Spine. 20 (6): 635-9. doi:10.1097/ ... Rothman-Simeone, The Spine. ISBN 9780721647777.. *^ a b Del Grande F, Maus TP, Carrino JA (July 2012). "Imaging the ... "Eur Spine J. 15 Suppl 3 (Suppl 3): S406-13. doi:10.1007/s00586-006-0183-z. PMC 2335386. PMID 16845553.. ... "Eur Spine J. 16 (8): 1273-8. doi:10.1007/s00586-007-0365-3. PMC 2200776. PMID 17468886.. ...
Diffuse joint and bone pain (especially of spine, pelvis, and legs). *Muscle weakness ...
International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine Seattle, Washington, June 1994". Spine. 20 (6): 635-9. doi:10.1097/ ...
"Spine. 11 (3): 219-24. PMID 3715622.. *. Moyer JH, Handley CA (April 1955). "Renal and cardiovascular hemodynamic response to ... "The influence of trimethaphan (Arfonad)-induced hypotension with and without spine distraction on canine spinal cord blood ...
Daniel D. Palmer later claimed that on that day he manipulated the spine of Harvey Lillard, a man who was nearly deaf, ... There is no conceivable reason at all why X-raying the spine should help a straight chiropractor treat an ear infection, asthma ... Most worrying of all, chiropractors generally require a full spine X-ray, which delivers a significant higher radiation dose ... Although rare, spinal manipulation, particularly of the upper spine, can also result in complications that can lead to ...
Clinical features of CRPS have been found to be inflammation resulting from the release of certain pro-inflammatory chemical signals from the nerves, sensitized nerve receptors that send pain signals to the brain, dysfunction of the local blood vessels' ability to constrict and dilate appropriately, and maladaptive neuroplasticity.[11] The signs and symptoms of CRPS will usually manifest near the injury site. The most common symptoms are extreme pain including burning, stabbing, grinding, and throbbing. The pain is out of proportion to the severity of the initial injury.[6] Moving or touching the limb is often intolerable. With diagnosis of either CRPS I or II, patients may develop burning pain and allodynia (pain to non-noxious stimuli). Both syndromes are also characterized by autonomic dysfunction, which presents with localized temperature changes, cyanosis, and/or edema. The patient may also experience localized swelling; extreme sensitivity to non-painful things such as wind, water, noise ...
The condition is usually self-limiting and is caused by stress on the patellar tendon that attaches the quadriceps muscle at the front of the thigh to the tibial tuberosity. Following an adolescent growth spurt, repeated stress from contraction of the quadriceps is transmitted through the patellar tendon to the immature tibial tuberosity. This can cause multiple subacute avulsion fractures along with inflammation of the tendon, leading to excess bone growth in the tuberosity and producing a visible lump which can be very painful, especially when hit. Activities such as kneeling may also irritate the tendon.[citation needed] The syndrome may develop without trauma or other apparent cause; however, some studies report up to 50% of patients relate a history of precipitating trauma. Several authors have tried to identify the actual underlying etiology and risk factors that predispose Osgood-Schlatter disease and postulated various theories. However, currently, it is widely accepted that ...
Spine. 36 (25): E1612-4. doi:10.1097/BRS.0b013e31821129df. PMID 21278628.. ...
Jang JW, Lee JK, Lee JH, Seo BR, Kim SH (Mar 2010). "Recurrent primary spinal subarachnoid neurocysticercosis". Spine. 35 (5): ...
Spine. 28 (16): 1877-1888. doi:10.1097/01.brs.0000084682.02898.72. PMID 12923479.. ...
Spine Wayne Short film 2012 Reason to Smile Jake Short film 2013 Galore Shane ...
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"Comparing the Efficacy of Methods for Immobilizing the Thoracic-Lumbar Spine". Air Medical Journal. 37 (3): 178-185. doi: ... "Long backboard versus vacuum mattress splint to immobilize whole spine in trauma victims in the field: a randomized clinical ... Spine. 27 (17): 1829-34. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.484.6691. doi:10.1097/00007632-200209010-00003. PMID 12221343.. ...
Cervical spine disorders are illnesses that affect the cervical spine, which is made up of the upper first seven vertebrae, ... Subaxial cervical spine Atlanto-axial joint The elderly Because of such symptoms, people often mistake cervical spine disorder ... The spine is examined for its range of motion and any pain that may arise from movement. Blood work might be utilized in ... The cervical spine contains many different anatomic compositions, including muscles, bones, ligaments, and joints. All of these ...
Return of the Spine Line?,. Blog Post on Tales of the 91A, March 22, 2008.. A somewhat comical history of the spine line, once ... spine line. . *Spine Line Transit Plan Cut as Costly.. Post Gazette, Nov 2, 1977.. The first round of shutting down the idea. ... 1993 Spine Line Corridor Study.. A comprehensive study of the Spine Line. Suggests three alignments: *Along Center Ave to Soho ... spine line. .. Post Gazette, Jan 29, 1983. 1970s. * Transit Finally on Track.. Post Gazette, May 9, 1979. About the South Hills ...
B, MRI of the cervical spine showing stenosis. C, Postoperative AP and lateral radiographs of the cervical spine after C2-T3 ... B, MRI of the cervical spine showing stenosis. C, Postoperative AP and lateral radiographs of the cervical spine after C2-T3 ... the Cervical Spine Research Society, the North American Spine Society, and the Scoliosis Research Society. None of the ... Cervical Spine Deformity. Indications, Considerations, and Surgical Outcomes. Samuel K. Cho, MD; Scott Safir, MD; Joseph M. ...
Spine Deformity, the official journal of the Scoliosis Research Society, is a peer-refereed publication to disseminate ... Spine Deformity, the official journal of the Scoliosis Research Society, is a peer-refereed publication to disseminate ... The journal will enhance the mission of the Society, which is to foster the optimal care of all patients with spine deformities ...
The spine specialists at OHSU offer a team-based, conservative approach to treating kyphosis. Read about our many treatment ... Kyphosis, or curvature of the spine, is rounding of the upper back. A small amount is normal. Too much, or excessive kyphosis, ... The procedure can stabilize the spine and reduce pain.. *Vertebroplasty: This treatment, similar to kyphoplasty, also uses ... Mild or moderate symptoms can often be treated without surgery, an approach the OHSU Spine Center favors whenever possible. ...
This article appeared in the Business section of the print edition under the headline Spine chilling ...
Spine_Surgery.html?id=xlpsAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareAtlas of Spine Surgery. ... Robert B. Winter, MD, is one of the founders of the Twin Cities Spine Center, and currently serves as a research consultant ... lamina laminectomy lateral layer ligamentum flavum longitudinal ligament lordosis lower lumbar laminar hook lumbar spine Luque ... 0 Reviewshttps://books.google.com/books/about/Atlas_of_Spine_Surgery.html?id=xlpsAAAAMAAJ ...
A cervical spine X-ray is a safe and painless test that uses a small amount of radiation to take a picture of the bones in the ... A cervical spine X-ray can help find the cause of symptoms such as neck, shoulder, upper back, or arm pain, as well as tingling ... In general, cervical spine X-rays are very safe. Although any exposure to radiation poses some risk to the body, the amount ... A cervical spine X-ray doesnt require special preparation. Your child may be asked to remove all clothing and jewelry from the ...
... where spine specialists are committed to trying the least-invasive methods first. Learn more. ... Clifford Lin (right) is an orthopaedic surgeon and spine specialist. Back braces can help treat many spine problems, including: ... If you have an injury such as a compression fracture of the spine, you usually wear a rigid brace made with metal or hard ... If you have an unstable spine fracture, your doctor might give you a rigid brace that acts like a cast. The brace minimizes ...
spine. Tag archives for spine. Grow a Spine!. Posted by Ethan on April 28, 2008 ... Old man Dave writes to me about his back problems: The spine. I want to know about the spine. I know you are not that kind of ...
Cervical Spine Basilar Invagination Brain Stem Compression Lateral Subluxation Cervical Spine Involvement These keywords were ... Oda T, Fujiwara K, Yonenobu K, Azuma B, Ochi T (1995) Natural course of cervical spine lesions in rheumatoid arthritis. Spine ( ... Evaluation of posterior long fusion versus conservative treatment for the progressive rheumatoid cervical spine. Spine (Phila ... Lipson SJ (1984) Rheumatoid arthritis of the cervical spine. Clin Orthop Relat Res (182):143-149PubMedGoogle Scholar ...
Spine injuries and spine disorders such as infection, scoliosis, and herniated disk can cause pain and other issues. Read about ... Lumbar and Cervical Discography (North American Spine Society) * Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) - Spine (American College of ... Lumbar (Open) Microscopic Discectomy (North American Spine Society) * Vertebroplasty for Spine Fracture Pain (American Academy ... Artificial Disc Replacement (ADR) (North American Spine Society) * Back Surgery: When Is It a Good Idea? (Mayo Foundation for ...
Bhupesh Patel, Wooridul Spine Hospital, Pohang, Korea Priyank Uniyal, Wooridul Spine Hospital, Pohang, Korea Submitter:. Sin ... Gun Choi, Wooridul Spine Hospital, Pohang, Korea Chetan Pophale, Wooridul Spine Hospital, Pohang, Korea ... lumbar, cervical, minimally invasive, spine, thoracic, discectomy Disciplines:. * Science and Technology / Health Sciences / ... You just viewed Endoscopic Spine Surgery. Please take a moment to rate this material. ...
These spine candles would make great Halloween decor, or a fantastic gift for your anatomically inclined loved one. The process ... These spine candles would make great Halloween decor, or a fantastic gift for your anatomically inclined loved one. The process ...
Only original papers are considered for publication with the understanding that they are contributed solely to Spine. The ... Spine is an international, peer-reviewed, bi-weekly periodical that considers for publication original articles in the field of ... spine. It is the leading subspecialty journal for the treatment of spinal disorders. ... The Development of Kyphosis and Lordosis in the Growing Spine. Gardner, Adrian; Berryman, Fiona; Pynsent, Paul ...
Shop Spine Mugs from CafePress. Browse tons of unique designs or create your own custom coffee mug with text and images. Our ... Chiropractor The Spine Whisperer 11 oz Ceramic Mug On sale for $10.87, ... Does your mug make a statement? Express yourself with unique Spine Mugs from CafePress. If you want to express your funny side ...
Hewatt M. Sims, MD, fellowship-trained orthopedic spine surgeon at Orthopedic Spine Center and Tift Regional Medical Center in ... Innovative Spine Lumbar Fixation System Designed to Help Surgeons Reduce Slip with Minimal Effort. ... or sacral spine; and conditions such as fracture, dislocation, scoliosis, kyphosis, spinal tumor, or failed previous fusion. ... it is to provide patients and surgeons with a pedicle screw-based solution that consistently and accurately realigns the spine ...
About Global Spine Outreach. Global Spine Outreach is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization providing medical treatment to ... Anthony S. Rinella, orthopaedic spine surgeon, GSO Board President, and founder of the Illinois Spine and Scoliosis Center. " ... "The physician education and training GSO provides is invaluable to the spine industrys success and advancement in first-rate ... Through graduated, long-term educational models, GSO empowers local surgeons to safely treat the most severe spine conditions ...
In honor of Yoga Recess Day, North American Spine... ... PRNewswire/ -- North American Spine was featured on the CW 33 ... North American Spine physicians are spine experts with specialty training in Orthopedic Spine Surgery, Neurosurgery, or ... About North American Spine™. North American Spine™ is the exclusive provider of the AccuraScope® Procedure, a minimally ... North American Spine will provide the CuraSpine® procedure, a minimally invasive spine surgery to help patients return living ...
A cervical spine MRI can help evaluate various symptoms and also help diagnose tumors, bleeding, swelling, infections, or ... monitor changes in the spine after an operation. MRI of the cervical spine can be useful in evaluating problems such as pain, ... This test is used to evaluate injuries of the seven cervical spine bones or spinal cord. Doctors also use it to:. *assess the ... A cervical spine MRI usually doesnt require any special preparation. However, the technician will have your child remove any ...
A peer-reviewed, open access journal in orthopaedics, anesthesiology, musculoskeltal pathology, arthroplasty, spinal deformities & arthroscopy.
... ANSWER In general, treatment is determined based on the severity and type of spinal ...
WebMD shows you what you need to know about your risk for a fractured spine. ... Spine Fracture Symptoms. Many people report some type of back pain when they have a spine fracture, but others dont have any ... Whats the Treatment for Spine Fractures?. To know if you have a spine fracture, your doctor will give you an X-ray or a ... A curved, stooped shape to your spine. Fractures in the lower spine often cause greater pain and trouble moving than those in ...
... Aubrey Area Library. * *Re: [OPEN-ILS-GENERAL] Spine Label Printers Aubrey Area Library ... Re: [OPEN-ILS-GENERAL] Spine Label Printers Terran McCanna. * *Re: [OPEN-ILS-GENERAL] Spine Label Printe... Aubrey Area Library ... OPEN-ILS-GENERAL] Spine Label Printers Aubrey Area Library Thu, 31 Jan 2019 12:11:09 -0800 ... Hello All, Our cataloguer is looking for a new solution for spine label printing and I was interested in what the rest of the ...
Serious acute cervical and thoracic spine injuries in youth... ... Acute cervical and thoracic spine injuries in sports range from ... Classification of lower cervical spine injuries. In: The cervical spine research society, editor. The cervical spine. 4th ed. ... Cervical spine Thoracic spine Fracture Sprain Neurologic injury Return to play This is a preview of subscription content, log ... In: The cervical spine research society, editor. The cervical spine. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven; 2005. p. 614-28. ...
A disk is a cushion that separates the bones in your spine (vertebrae). ... You were in the hospital for spine surgery. You probably had a problem with one or more disks. ... Spine surgery - diskectomy - discharge; Intervertebral foramina - discharge; Spine surgery - foraminotomy - discharge; Lumbar ... You were in the hospital for spine surgery. You probably had a problem with one or more disks. A disk is a cushion that ...
Spine (Anterior View). The spine is a column of bone and cartilage that extends from the base of the skull to the pelvis. It ... The entire spine encloses and protects the spinal cord, which is a column of nerve tracts running from every area of the body ... The spine is made up of approximately thirty-three bones called vertebrae. A joint that stabilizes the vertebral column and ... Several groups of muscles are also attached to the vertebrae, and these control movements of the spine as well as to support it ...
I am not currently in pain, but very worried that any surgery is going to start a domino effect on my some what healthy spine. ... It might be due to the cervical spine, but I cant tell over the internet. You may want to seek a second opinion from another ... I started to see a chiropractor who took an x-ray of my cervical spine and informed me that my neck curve bends outward rather ... I started to see a chiropractor who took an x-ray of my cervical spine and informed me that my neck curve bends outward rather ...
Spine Tit' is the slang definition used when people (usually men) are exaggerating about the small size of a females ... Spine Tit. A 'Spine Tit' is the slang definition used when people (usually men) are exaggerating about the small size ... apos;Yea, i told you before you went out with her Ben, there is no point going up there, she had spine tits' ...
Written with the busy practitioner in mind, this brand-new resource provides a comprehensive overview of contemporary spine ... anterior minimally invasive techniques of the lumbar spine and more.Provides a wealth of clear line drawings on surgical ... surgery, focusing on the key information and procedures needed in the day-to-day practice of spine surgery.Features the ... Principles and Practice of Spine Surgery. Principles & Practice of Spine Surgery. Editors. Alexander R. Vaccaro, Randal R. Betz ...
  • In fact, physicians sometimes prescribe Yoga as a conservative treatment for back pain before considering options like minimally invasive spine surgery if a patient's condition doesn't improve or worsens over a longer period of time. (prnewswire.com)
  • North American Spine™ is the exclusive provider of the AccuraScope® Procedure, a minimally invasive spine surgery that treats chronic back pain. (prnewswire.com)
  • North American Spine will provide the CuraSpine® procedure, a minimally invasive spine surgery to help patients return living pain free. (prnewswire.com)
  • A physician can decide whether a minimally invasive spine surgery is appropriate after diagnosing the situation and determining whether or not there is a high potential for success. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Includes a wealth of tables that summarize disease processes.Explores hot topics in the field such as spinal deformities in osteoporosis spinal infections primary spinal tumors anterior minimally invasive techniques of the lumbar spine and more. (google.com)
  • Seattle-based Spine Institute Northwest recently launched a new website designed to serve patients who are looking for minimally invasive, safe and effective options for back pain relief. (24-7pressrelease.com)
  • BOTHELL, WA, January 10, 2012 /24-7PressRelease/ -- Spine Institute Northwest announced today it has launched a new website, designed to inform and engage current and future patients as they consider their options for back pain relief, including spinal injection, minimally invasive spinal surgery and other non surgical therapy options. (24-7pressrelease.com)
  • Our practice philosophy is that less is better, and to utilize less invasive treatments to help patients,' says Solomon Kamson, MD, PhD , director of interventional pain management and minimally invasive spine surgery at Spine Institute Northwest. (24-7pressrelease.com)
  • Solomon Kamson, MD, PhD - Dr. Kamson specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine conditions, as well as clinical research and teaching of minimally invasive spine procedures. (24-7pressrelease.com)
  • Dr. Kamson is a Fellow of the American Academy of Minimally Invasive Spine Medicine & Surgery and co-author of a text book for the Innovative field of minimally invasive spinal medicine and surgery: The Practice of Minimally Invasive Spinal Technique, 2005 Milleneum edition. (24-7pressrelease.com)
  • They attended the 51st annual Indian Orthopaedic Association (IOA) meeting where Drs. McConnell and Debnath gave lectures to the delegates on scoliosis surgery, disc replacement, spondylolysis repair, and minimally invasive spine surgery techniques. (spine-health.com)
  • This fully revised edition of Image-Guided Spine Interventions presents the latest procedures available to physicians who perform minimally invasive spine interventions. (springer.com)
  • For the right patients with particular findings on their MRI studies, minimally invasive options allow spine surgeons to take care of the problem and get patients back to their activities more rapidly than with conventional surgical procedures. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Renowned clinical experts Dr. Andreas Korge and Dr. Guo Chang Ming share their experience with the all-new Robotic Visualization System TM - KINEVO 900 ® from ZEISS for Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (MISS). (zeiss.com)
  • Join us in the following events, visit our booths and get inspired by our solutions for Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (MISS), exciting Meet the Expert sessions, Symposia and Training Labs. (zeiss.com)
  • These sessions are a perfect opportunity to become informed on the latest status of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (MISS). Highly experienced neuro and orthopedic spine surgeons including Prof. Gabriel Liu Ka Po, Dr. Roger Hartl, Dr. Tan Seang Beng and Dr. med. (zeiss.com)
  • Each session is hosted by a renowned spine surgeon who guides participants through a simulated surgery and shares knowledge on minimally invasive spine surgery. (zeiss.com)
  • Cervical spine disorders are illnesses that affect the cervical spine, which is made up of the upper first seven vertebrae, encasing and shielding the spinal cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • This treatment, similar to kyphoplasty, also uses plastic cement to hold broken vertebrae together to stabilize the spine and reduce pain. (ohsu.edu)
  • A cervical spine X-ray is a safe and painless test that uses a small amount of radiation to take a picture of the bones in the back of the neck (cervical vertebrae). (kidshealth.org)
  • This image includes the seven vertebrae in the neck area, the first vertebrae of the thoracic spine, and the disk spaces in between them. (kidshealth.org)
  • Your backbone, or spine, is made up of 26 bone discs called vertebrae. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A number of problems can change the structure of the spine or damage the vertebrae and surrounding tissue. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The spine is made up of approximately thirty-three bones called vertebrae. (innerbody.com)
  • The vertebrae are bound together by two long, thick ligaments running the entire length of the spine and by smaller ligaments between each pair of vertebrae. (innerbody.com)
  • They span nearly the whole length of the spine, beginning with the second vertebrae (or axis), and extending to the sacrum. (innerbody.com)
  • Several groups of muscles are also attached to the vertebrae, and these control movements of the spine as well as to support it. (innerbody.com)
  • The reversal of the usual lordotic curve of the spine means that these vertebrae are pushing anterior just alittle and therefore changing the curve of the spine. (medhelp.org)
  • From an anatomical perspective, effective spinal articulation necessitates high-levels of muscle control, especially from the deep local muscles of the spine that sit close to the vertebrae, like multifidus, interspinales, rotatores and intertransversarii. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Systems of strong fibrous bands of ligaments hold the vertebrae and discs together and stabilize the spine by helping to prevent excessive movements. (spineuniverse.com)
  • The lumbar spine, or low back, consists of 5 vertebrae (spinal bones) numbered L1 through L5. (spineuniverse.com)
  • These vertebrae (vertebral bodies) are the largest in the spine and support the head and trunk. (spineuniverse.com)
  • This involves inflammation in the joints between the vertebrae, which are the small bones that form the spine. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • First are the vertebrae of the spine, and underneath those are three layers of tough membrane called the meninges. (healthline.com)
  • Mild or moderate symptoms can often be treated without surgery, an approach the OHSU Spine Center favors whenever possible. (ohsu.edu)
  • If surgery of the cervical spine is required, an X-ray may be taken to plan for the surgery and to assess the post-operative results. (kidshealth.org)
  • If you have spinal fusion surgery, the doctor might prescribe a brace to keep your spine still to allow the fusion to heal. (ohsu.edu)
  • You just viewed Endoscopic Spine Surgery . (merlot.org)
  • North American Spine physicians are spine experts with specialty training in Orthopedic Spine Surgery, Neurosurgery, or Interventional Pain Management. (prnewswire.com)
  • Some people need more support for their spine with a brace or surgery. (webmd.com)
  • I am not currently in pain, but very worried that any surgery is going to start a domino effect on my some what healthy spine. (medhelp.org)
  • Medical management of the spine surgery patient : operative, intra-operative, and post-operative considerations. (openlibrary.org)
  • Spine surgery is not as serious of an option for back and leg pain anymore. (selfgrowth.com)
  • During the spine surgery , a small incision is made in the back and an endoscope is inserted next to the injured bone. (selfgrowth.com)
  • The author of this article has expertise in spine surgery . (selfgrowth.com)
  • Written with the busy practitioner in mind, this brand-new resource provides a comprehensive overview of contemporary spine surgery, focusing on the key information and procedures needed in the day-to-day practice of spine surgery. (google.com)
  • We are the only pediatric hospital in Texas, and one of the few in the country, to use Mazor Robotics Renaissance® Guidance System, which improves accuracy for screw placement during spine surgery. (childrens.com)
  • One of the first questions parents usually ask is: will my child need spine surgery? (childrens.com)
  • If surgery is required for scoliosis or a spinal curvature, which is typically recommended for curves that exceed 45 to 50 degrees, our expert spine surgery team uses the most advanced methods to correct a spinal curvature, as much as possible, as well as to prevent it from progressing. (childrens.com)
  • When spine surgery is called for, our board-certified spine surgeons have the expertise and cutting-edge technology at their fingertips to ensure you get the very best spine care. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • To determine incidence, risk factors, complications, and early postoperative outcome in patients with intraoperative ischemic stroke during elective spine surgery. (medscape.com)
  • A retrospective review of the electronic medical records of patients who underwent elective spine surgery between January 2016 and November 2018 at a larger tertiary referral center was conducted. (medscape.com)
  • Out of 5029 surgically treated patients receiving elective spine surgery, a total of seven patients (0.15%) were identified who developed an ischemic stroke during the surgical procedure. (medscape.com)
  • Perioperative stroke can be a devastating and an unexpected complication of spine surgery but has only rarely been addressed. (medscape.com)
  • For hemorrhagic stroke several case reports surrounding spine surgery exist, in contrast to intraoperative ischemic strokes. (medscape.com)
  • While perioperative hemorrhagic stroke is more commonly reported, indexed literature reports of ischemic stroke after spine surgery are sparse. (medscape.com)
  • The aim of this study was to establish incidence, early outcome, mortality, pertinent risk factors, and investigate possible pathophysiologic events which may contribute to intraoperative ischemic stroke during elective major spine reconstructive surgery. (medscape.com)
  • We also conducted a comprehensive review of the literature to identify the incidence and risk factors for perioperative stroke in general as to the best of our knowledge intraoperative ischemic stroke in elective spine surgery has not been studied before. (medscape.com)
  • Intellirod Spine's breakthrough implantable microelectronic spine fusion sensor, known as the Intellirod™ System, will enable surgeons to assess the progress of spinal fusion while minimizing costs from CT scans and exploratory surgery. (prnewswire.com)
  • "Operation Straight Spine" is the first-ever charitable project of its kind in India and consists of outpatient clinics, major spine surgery interventions, ward rounds and teaching seminars for local support staff and physicians. (spine-health.com)
  • While in India, the "Operation Straight Spine" team successfully managed eight patients requiring major spinal surgery, inclusive of a 15 year old boy with a thoracic scoliosis deformity and a 63 year old woman who underwent a hi-tech laminaplasty procedure for cervical spinal stenosis with myelopathy. (spine-health.com)
  • Trained RMSP Orthopaedic residents and nursing staff in spine surgery and perioperative care techniques. (spine-health.com)
  • In addition to treating primary degenerative spine conditions, some areas of focus include complex thoracolumbar revision and deformity surgery. (spine.org)
  • Conditions › Back Pain › Low Back Pain › Lumbar Spine Surgery: Will You Need Surgery for Your Lower B. (spineuniverse.com)
  • To understand lumbar spine surgery, it is important to know about low back conditions, treatment goals, and surgical techniques. (spineuniverse.com)
  • The cauda equina is somewhat flexible and may be moved slightly to gain access to the intervertebral discs during posterior (back) low back spine surgery. (spineuniverse.com)
  • Spine set __ Retractors set The whole set for anterior cervical surgery and Spine surgery, for details, please contact us. (alibaba.com)
  • One year's experience in spinal surgery, including management of at least 75 complex spine cases as first surgeon. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Drs. Daniels and Palumbo performing a complex adult spinal deformity operation Approximately 750 operative cases are undertaken in the Division of Adult Spine Surgery each year with an additional 50 operative pediatric spine cases. (brown.edu)
  • Most patients that are seen by a spine surgeon are better treated with nonoperative options rather than with spine surgery. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • This ​advanced ​CME ​course ​is ​for ​orthopaedic ​and ​neurological ​surgeons, ​fellows, ​and ​residents ​who ​include ​spine ​surgery ​in ​their ​practices. (regonline.com)
  • practice spine surgery while operating with a surgical microscope. (zeiss.com)
  • Dr. Clifford Lin (right) is an orthopaedic surgeon and spine specialist. (ohsu.edu)
  • Dr. Hewatt M. Sims, MD, fellowship-trained orthopedic spine surgeon at Orthopedic Spine Center and Tift Regional Medical Center in Tifton, GA, performed recent spine surgeries with Syzygy. (prweb.com)
  • Amendia's support streamlines GSO's mission to provide children around the world access to life-transforming surgical care," said Dr. Anthony S. Rinella, orthopaedic spine surgeon, GSO Board President, and founder of the Illinois Spine and Scoliosis Center. (prweb.com)
  • Farouq A. Al-Hamdan, MD, FRCS - Dr. Al-Hamdan, an orthopedic spine surgeon, is an expert in endoscopic discectomy, spinal technologies, and microgravity related back pain. (24-7pressrelease.com)
  • Dr. Rolando Puno , a co-founder of Intellirod Spine and spine surgeon at the Norton Leatherman Spine Center stated, 'I believe the Intellirod™ will be a valuable tool to determine when bone healing in spine fusion is complete. (prnewswire.com)
  • Jeffrey R. McConnell, MD, an orthopaedic surgeon working at the Pennsylvania Spine & Scoliosis Institute, OAA Orthopaedic Specialists, Allentown, PA, with over twenty years surgical experience, fourteen of those years as a specialist spine surgeon. (spine-health.com)
  • I am a Board Certified orthopaedic spine surgeon and work at the University of Iowa. (spine.org)
  • In working hand in hand with the medical community and spinal device marketplace, we know how important it is to provide patients and surgeons with a pedicle screw-based solution that consistently and accurately realigns the spine," said Lawrence Boyd, Amendia's Executive Vice President of Research & Development. (prweb.com)
  • Amendia, Inc., designer, developer, and manufacturer of spinal implant and instrument solutions, announces the continuation of its strategic partnership with and platinum sponsorship of Global Spine Outreach ("GSO"), a charitable organization dedicated to training surgeons in developing nations in the safe and effective management of complex spine deformity cases, particularly in children. (prweb.com)
  • Through graduated, long-term educational models, GSO empowers local surgeons to safely treat the most severe spine conditions in their own communities. (prweb.com)
  • The bi-annual missions allow surgeons to perform multiple surgeries on children with complex spine deformities. (prweb.com)
  • The continued sponsorship supports the annual Spinal Deformity Symposium for surgeons, to be held October 29, 2017 in Mexico City, which unites industry experts, U.S. faculty, and over 100 Mexican surgeons in a combination of case presentations and workshops designed to improve and expand care to spine deformity patients. (prweb.com)
  • American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: "Kyphosis (Roundback) of the Spine. (webmd.com)
  • Our spine program includes world-class surgeons who can address a range of complex spine and nerve disorders. (massgeneral.org)
  • Discover how neurosurgery spine surgeons at Mass General are treating the most challenging cervical spine deformity cases in the world by using intraoperative technology. (massgeneral.org)
  • Suburban Hospital's spine surgeons utilize their clinical expertise to establish an accurate diagnosis quickly and develop a plan of care that fits the needs of each patient suffering from a spinal injury, deformity and/or pain. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • The lumbar spine is the lower back that begins below the last thoracic vertebra (T12) and ends at the top of the sacral spine, or sacrum (S1). (spineuniverse.com)
  • Acute cervical and thoracic spine injuries in sports range from mild sprains to fracture dislocations with catastrophic consequences. (springer.com)
  • Serious acute cervical and thoracic spine injuries in youth sports are rare but are seen with greater frequency in certain sports such as football, hockey, and gymnastics. (springer.com)
  • Overuse injuries to the cervical and thoracic spine are seen in noncontact sports and can result in spinal deformity and adult pattern injury. (springer.com)
  • Understanding when an athlete can safely return to play after an acute cervical or thoracic spine injury is necessary to prevent secondary injury. (springer.com)
  • This chapter covers common acute and overuse cervical and thoracic spine injuries in youth sports, with a focus on clinical and radiographic diagnosis, acute management of the injury, and return-to-play guidelines. (springer.com)
  • RTI Surgical, Inc., a global surgical implant company, and Paradigm Spine, LLC, a leader in motion preservation and non-fusion spinal implant technology, today announced that they have entered into a definitive agreement whereby RTI will acquire all outstanding equity interest of Paradigm Spine in a cash and stock transaction valued at up to $300 million, consisting of $150 million at closing plus potential future milestone payments. (news-medical.net)
  • Spine disorders medical and surgical management edited by J.D. Bartleson, H. Gordon Deen. (openlibrary.org)
  • The Neurosurgical Spine Service at Mass General offers surgical treatment options for the entire spectrum of complex spinal disorders, treating the most challenging cases in the world. (massgeneral.org)
  • The Department of Neurosurgery at Massachusetts General Hospital provides a complete range of surgical services for the diagnosis, surgical treatment and rehabilitation of neurologic disorders of the brain and spine. (massgeneral.org)
  • All equipment, consumable supplies, surgical instruments and implants necessary to perform these modern spine surgical procedures was provided by the international operating team and their generous sponsors. (spine-health.com)
  • These soft structures can make an anterior (front) surgical approach to the lumbar spine challenging. (spineuniverse.com)
  • Lang J. Clinical anatomy of the cervical spine. (springer.com)
  • Dvorak J, Grob D, Baumgartner H, Gschwend N et al (1989) Functional evaluation of the spinal cord by magnetic resonance imaging in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and instability of upper cervical spine. (springer.com)
  • MRI can detect a variety of conditions of the cervical spine as well as problems in the soft tissues within the spinal column, such as the spinal cord, nerves, and disks. (kidshealth.org)
  • This test is used to evaluate injuries of the seven cervical spine bones or spinal cord. (kidshealth.org)
  • The entire spine encloses and protects the spinal cord, which is a column of nerve tracts running from every area of the body to the brain. (innerbody.com)
  • Many mammalian species have developed keratinized penile spines along the glans and/or shaft, which may be involved in sexual selection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Felines, especially domestic cats, are well known for having penile spines. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many other felid species have penile spines, but they are relatively small in jaguars and pumas, and do not occur in margays. (wikipedia.org)
  • Penile spines in chimpanzees and mice are small surface projections made by the piling up of keratinized cell layers in the outermost skin surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • In galagos, penile spines may form a "genital lock" during copulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • These are sometimes described as vestigial remnants of penile spines. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the primate line, a regulatory DNA sequence associated with the formation of small keratinized penile spines was lost. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some species which retain the full expression of penile spines, penile spines contribute to increased sexual sensation and quicker orgasms. (wikipedia.org)
  • An hCONDEL (highly conserved region of DNA that contains deletions in humans) located near the locus of the androgen receptor gene may be responsible for the loss of penile spines in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • All Features Great and Small-the Potential Roles of the Baculum and Penile Spines in Mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stockley, P. "Sperm competition risk and male genital anatomy: comparative evidence for reduced duration of female sexual receptivity in primates with penile spines. (wikipedia.org)
  • Penile Spines of the Domestic Cat: Their Endocrine-behavior Relations" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • Many mammalian species, like cats and fossas, also have penile spines. (wikipedia.org)
  • A cervical spine X-ray also can give clues about an infection, tumor, or other abnormalities in the neck bones. (kidshealth.org)
  • The brace keeps your spine stable to help ligaments, muscles or bones heal. (ohsu.edu)
  • This holds your spine still to help the bones heal and to reduce pain. (ohsu.edu)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the cervical spine is a safe and painless test that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to produce detailed images of the cervical spine (the bones in the back of the neck). (kidshealth.org)
  • When osteoporosis has made your bones weak, the chances are higher that they'll crack or break, even the bones of your spine. (webmd.com)
  • To know if you have a spine fracture, your doctor will give you an X-ray or a computerized tomography (CT) scan to get a closer look at your bones. (webmd.com)
  • A compression fracture of the spine describes a collapse of one or more of these bones. (kidshealth.org)
  • In serious cases, new bone matter forms, fusing the bones in the spine and significantly limiting mobility. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Kyphosis, or curvature of the spine, is rounding of the upper back. (ohsu.edu)
  • How are spine curvature disorders treated? (webmd.com)
  • The association between athletic training time and the sagittal curvature of the immature spine. (springer.com)
  • 1] However, if the cervical spine is injured it can cause many minor or traumatic problems, and although these injuries vary specifically they are more commonly known as "cervical spine disorders" as a whole. (wikipedia.org)
  • Subaxial cervical spine Atlanto-axial joint The elderly Because of such symptoms, people often mistake cervical spine disorder indicators for coronary artery disease, and although individuals of any age can develop spine threatening injuries, the people that are affected by it the most are the elderly. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Veritas Health platform comprising of Spine-health.com , Arthritis-health.com , Sports-health.com , and Pain-health.com , provides comprehensive information on back pain, arthritis, sports injuries, and chronic pain conditions. (spine-health.com)
  • The site aims to make it easier for those suffering from chronic pain, sports injuries, leg, foot and ankle problems or people with physical therapy needs to learn more about the medical team and services at Spine Institute Northwest. (24-7pressrelease.com)
  • The Fellowship involves a one-year experience of intensive post-residency training in disorders and injuries of the spine in adult and pediatric patients. (brown.edu)
  • 1] It is through upper frontal chest discomfort (also known as cervical angina) and scapular pains which signs of cervical spine disorders are shown. (wikipedia.org)
  • This new outlook helped shed light on exactly what signs indicated the beginning of these ailments for those suffering from cervical spine disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Weakness An individual becomes weak due to the compression of nerves encompassing cervical spine disorders, thus resulting in the inability to move or use arms. (wikipedia.org)
  • 3] If not treated right away, there are many consequences and pains various cervical spine disorders can cause. (wikipedia.org)
  • The features of rigid spine syndrome typically appear at a younger age in people with RSMD than in those with other muscle disorders. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Are you sure you want to remove Spine disorders from your list? (openlibrary.org)
  • Get more information about numerous disorders of the spine and their treatment . (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • If you have an injury such as a compression fracture of the spine, you usually wear a rigid brace made with metal or hard plastic. (ohsu.edu)
  • If you have an unstable spine fracture, your doctor might give you a rigid brace that acts like a cast. (ohsu.edu)
  • Many people report some type of back pain when they have a spine fracture, but others don't have any symptoms. (webmd.com)
  • It is possible to fracture more than one bone in the spine. (webmd.com)
  • Fracture patterns of the adolescent porcine spine: an experimental loading study in bending-compression. (springer.com)
  • Anyone can get a compression fracture of the spine from a serious fall or car accident. (kidshealth.org)
  • What Are the Signs & Symptoms of a Compression Fracture of the Spine? (kidshealth.org)
  • Someone with a compression fracture of the spine may have pain that happens right after an injury. (kidshealth.org)
  • Sometimes people with a compression fracture of the spine do not have any pain at all. (kidshealth.org)
  • Over time, a compression fracture can lead to loss of height and curving of the spine. (kidshealth.org)
  • Treatment for a compression fracture of the spine depends on how severe it is and if there are other medical problems. (kidshealth.org)
  • yet still we know virtually nothing about how the data spine will operate in practice and what checks and controls it will be subject to. (computerweekly.com)
  • The scope of my practice is broad and I treat all types of spine conditions: cervical, thoracic and lumbar. (spine.org)
  • 5. What are the biggest coding and payment hurdles facing spine specialists as less physicians are in private practice than in years past? (spine.org)
  • Lags Spine & Sports Care is a medical group practice located in Oxnard, CA that specializes in Nursing (Nurse Practitioner) and Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. (healthgrades.com)
  • How many providers practice at Lags Spine & Sports Care? (healthgrades.com)
  • In addition, each Fellows will be responsible for managing his/her own limited private practice of spine patients and will be responsible for evaluating and managing the care of spine trauma patients admitted through the Level I Trauma Center at Rhode Island Hospital. (brown.edu)
  • Lastly, the Fellowship Directors will provide instruction in the business side of organizing and managing a spine practice. (brown.edu)
  • Smart Spine and Rehab is a medical group practice located in Barrington, IL that specializes in Physical Therapy, and is open 6 days per week. (healthgrades.com)
  • An adult patient with severe spondylotic kyphosis ( A ). He is hyperlordosing his lumbar spine to maintain horizontal gaze. (medscape.com)
  • But first, a basic lumbar spine anatomy lesson will help you understand the problems in your spine that are causing your lower back pain. (spineuniverse.com)
  • The degenerative process can lead to significant changes in the lumbar spine anatomy. (spineuniverse.com)
  • The procedure can stabilize the spine and reduce pain. (ohsu.edu)
  • These spine fractures , also called vertebral compression fractures , can cause severe back pain that makes it hard to stand, walk, sit, or lift objects. (webmd.com)
  • Fractures in the lower spine often cause greater pain and trouble moving than those in the upper spine. (webmd.com)
  • Who's Most Likely to Get Spine Fractures? (webmd.com)
  • Women, especially those older than 50, are most likely to get spine fractures. (webmd.com)
  • Women and men who have osteoporosis have much higher chances of getting spine fractures. (webmd.com)
  • What's the Treatment for Spine Fractures? (webmd.com)
  • How Can I Prevent Spine Fractures? (webmd.com)
  • Bone fractures in the spine can come from a variety of causes, including osteoporosis, hyperthyroidism, or cancer and its treatments including chemotherapy and radiation therapy. (selfgrowth.com)
  • With aging populations and osteoporosis prevalent in spite of medical therapy, compression fractures, especially in the thoracic and lumbar spine, occur. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • One other problem is that if you stiffen several segments in fusion in an osteoporotic spine, there will be additional stresses delivered to the first open motion segment, and this vertebra often fractures later. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • How Do Compression Fractures of the Spine Happen? (kidshealth.org)
  • How Are Compression Fractures of the Spine Diagnosed? (kidshealth.org)
  • How Are Compression Fractures of the Spine Treated? (kidshealth.org)
  • Using a high definition camera and other diagnostic tools, the AccuraScope procedure's goal is to pinpoint all sources of chronic lower spine symptoms and treat them with advanced tools. (prnewswire.com)
  • Colonoscopy , polyp s, biopsy , ulcer s, arthritis in both of my hips and lower spine and high blood pressure . (everything2.com)
  • Spine Deformity , the official journal of the Scoliosis Research Society, is a peer-refereed publication to disseminate knowledge on basic science and clinical research into the etiology , biomechanics , treatment methods and outcomes of all types of spinal deformities . (springer.com)
  • The journal will enhance the mission of the Society, which is to foster the optimal care of all patients with spine deformities worldwide. (springer.com)
  • The physician education and training GSO provides is invaluable to the spine industry's success and advancement in first-rate treatment of the most severe spinal deformities," said Chris Fair, Amendia's CEO. (prweb.com)
  • Global Spine Outreach is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization providing medical treatment to children suffering from the effects of spinal deformities worldwide without charge to the patient or their families. (prweb.com)
  • Over time, muscles surrounding the spine atrophy, and the joints of the spine develop deformities called contractures that restrict movement. (medlineplus.gov)
  • I interviewed at Spine (Raleigh, NC) in November 2016. (glassdoor.com)
  • The spine is a column of bone and cartilage that extends from the base of the skull to the pelvis. (innerbody.com)
  • In these cases the anterior structures of the spine, the vertebral body, lose enough bone mass to become weaker. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • Occasionally, additional pictures like flexion and extension views of the cervical spine might be needed. (kidshealth.org)
  • Curl Up: You may curl up and down to increase flexion and extension in your spine, this increase your spine's ability to bend and flex. (google.com)
  • She was referred to a spine specialist who, after reviewing an X-ray of her spine, diagnosed her with scoliosis. (childrens.com)
  • A cervical spine X-ray can help find the cause of symptoms such as neck, shoulder, upper back, or arm pain, as well as tingling, numbness, or weakness in the arm or hand. (kidshealth.org)
  • Is any of these symptoms due to the straightening of the spine, degenerative disc disease or could this all possible be related to my shoulders? (medhelp.org)
  • NJ Spine and Wellness presents a lecture about the latest findings about concussions, identification of symptoms and proper management for parents, coaches, athletic trainers and directors, reports NJ Spine and Wellness. (cnbc.com)
  • The Johns Hopkins Department of Neurosurgery offers a one-year Spine Instructorship Program to qualified neurosurgeons. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Clinical anatomy of the lumbar spine and sacrum. (springer.com)
  • At the Emory Orthopaedics & Spine Center in Atlanta, our world-renowned spine physicians use a team approach to ensure the ideal treatment plan for every patient. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • Edited by Dr. John Mathis, a former president of the American Society of Spine Radiology, and Dr. Stanley Golovac, who both have clinical practices devoted solely to spine procedures and pain management, the book will be useful to all physicians dealing with back pain, including radiologists, pain anesthesiologists, spine neurosurgeons, and orthopedists. (springer.com)
  • Physicians will once again find that Image-Guided Spine Interventions, 2nd Edition , is the pivotal authority on image-guided techniques for the spine. (springer.com)
  • Our full-service specialized pediatric spine program is family and patient focused, which means our entire team is sensitive to the special medical and emotional needs of young patients and their families. (childrens.com)
  • With proper care and attention throughout the day, most back pain can be prevented,' Dr. Abram Burgher , an interventional pain management specialist with North American Spine in Scottsdale, AZ explained. (prnewswire.com)
  • At Blue Hills Sports & Spine Rehabilitation went treat our share of patients with low back pain and we are constantly talking about the myths of low back pain. (constantcontact.com)
  • There has been too little debate around the proposed creation of a national "data spine" for NHS patients' health records. (computerweekly.com)
  • MESA, Ariz., Aug. 11, 2013 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- BackFit Health + Spine announced the launch of a new website to better serve neck and back pain patients in the greater Phoenix area. (cnbc.com)
  • Chandler, Gilbert, Mesa and Phoenix back pain and neck pain patients can now learn more about chiropractic care by visiting the redesigned website for BackFit Health + Spine. (cnbc.com)
  • It often occurs due to age-related degeneration of the spine in middle-aged to older people and due to herniated discs in younger patients. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Cervical Spine Injury Mechanisms," SAE Technical Paper 831616, 1983, https://doi.org/10.4271/831616 . (sae.org)
  • Basic imaging techniques, which includes x-ray imaging, can reveal degenerative changes of the spine, while more advanced imaging techniques, such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), can allow visualization of more detailed anatomical structures, including that of the associated nerves and muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spine Institute Northwest has been providing top quality healthcare services since 2000. (24-7pressrelease.com)
  • Scientists are making strides in developing liquid biopsies for brain tumors by detecting tumor DNA in the fluid from around the brain and spine. (news-medical.net)
  • Yoga helps prevent chronic back pain from conditions like sciatica by maintaining a strong group of abdominal and back muscles that help support the spine. (prnewswire.com)
  • Spinal implant fixation is very difficult in the osteoporotic spine, but these spines can heal into a solid fusion. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • Boden SD, Dodge LD, Bohlman HH, Rechtine GR (1993) Rheumatoid arthritis of the cervical spine. (springer.com)
  • MRI of the cervical spine can be useful in evaluating problems such as pain, numbness, tingling or weakness in the arms, shoulder or neck area, and can help detect certain chronic diseases of the nervous system. (kidshealth.org)
  • By extending the spine and increasing your spine's ability to extend, you can drastically reduce pain, tension and stress on your neck and improve your everyday posture. (google.com)
  • Support your neck when foam rolling your spine. (google.com)
  • These spines have been described as being simple, single-pointed structures (macaques) or complex with two or three points per spine (strepsirrhines). (wikipedia.org)
  • Dendritic spines are highly dynamic structures. (hindawi.com)
  • During the training sessions, the participants work with the RealSpine simulator - an artificial model replicating the spine area with soft tissue, realistic anatomical structures and an intraoperative bleeding system. (zeiss.com)
  • In a zoological context, spines are hard, needle-like anatomical structures found in both vertebrate and invertebrate species. (wikipedia.org)
  • AKRON, Ohio , Jan. 21, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Intellirod Spine, the spinal implant company developing implantable wireless sensor technology to aid in the assessment of spine fusion, secured debt financing of $1.6 million from the Ohio Third Frontier's Commercial Acceleration Loan Fund (CALF). (prnewswire.com)
  • A method of stabilizing a portion of a spine includes pivoting first and second members of an expandable spinal implant relative to one another to a closed configuration in which the spinal implant has a compact profile, inserting the spinal implant in the closed configuration into the spine between. (google.co.uk)
  • pivoting the first and second members crosswise to an expanded configuration while the spinal implant is within the spine. (google.co.uk)
  • A single intervertebral disc separates 2 vertebral bodies, and together with the facet joints forms a strong joint complex that enables the spine to bend and twist. (spineuniverse.com)
  • Is Lags Spine & Sports Care physically located within a hospital? (healthgrades.com)
  • Is Smart Spine and Rehab physically located within a hospital? (healthgrades.com)
  • Usually, three different pictures usually are taken of the cervical spine: one from the front (AP or anterior-posterior view), one from the side (lateral view), and another from the front through an open mouth (odontoid view). (kidshealth.org)
  • Rigid spine muscular dystrophy (RSMD) is a form of congenital muscular dystrophy. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The combination of features characteristic of RSMD, particularly axial muscle weakness, spine rigidity, and respiratory insufficiency, is sometimes referred to as rigid spine syndrome. (medlineplus.gov)
  • When caused by mutations in this gene, the condition is known as rigid spine muscular dystrophy 1 (RSMD1). (medlineplus.gov)
  • Too much stability will create a rigid and immobile spine, whereas too much mobility will contribute to spinal instability. (selfgrowth.com)