Measurement of parameters of the speech product such as vocal tone, loudness, pitch, voice quality, articulation, resonance, phonation, phonetic structure and prosody.
Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.
The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).
The acoustic aspects of speech in terms of frequency, intensity, and time.
Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.
Ability to make speech sounds that are recognizable.
The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Treatment for individuals with speech defects and disorders that involves counseling and use of various exercises and aids to help the development of new speech habits.
Tests of accuracy in pronouncing speech sounds, e.g., Iowa Pressure Articulation Test, Deep Test of Articulation, Templin-Darley Tests of Articulation, Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation, Screening Speech Articulation Test, Arizona Articulation Proficiency Scale.
An aphasia characterized by impairment of expressive LANGUAGE (speech, writing, signs) and relative preservation of receptive language abilities (i.e., comprehension). This condition is caused by lesions of the motor association cortex in the FRONTAL LOBE (BROCA AREA and adjacent cortical and white matter regions).
A disturbance in the normal fluency and time patterning of speech that is inappropriate for the individual's age. This disturbance is characterized by frequent repetitions or prolongations of sounds or syllables. Various other types of speech dysfluencies may also be involved including interjections, broken words, audible or silent blocking, circumlocutions, words produced with an excess of physical tension, and monosyllabic whole word repetitions. Stuttering may occur as a developmental condition in childhood or as an acquired disorder which may be associated with BRAIN INFARCTIONS and other BRAIN DISEASES. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Disorders of speech articulation caused by imperfect coordination of pharynx, larynx, tongue, or face muscles. This may result from CRANIAL NERVE DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; CEREBELLAR DISEASES; BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES; BRAIN STEM diseases; or diseases of the corticobulbar tracts (see PYRAMIDAL TRACTS). The cortical language centers are intact in this condition. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p489)
Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.
Either of the two fleshy, full-blooded margins of the mouth.
Measurement of the ability to hear speech under various conditions of intensity and noise interference using sound-field as well as earphones and bone oscillators.
Disorders of the quality of speech characterized by the substitution, omission, distortion, and addition of phonemes.
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
That component of SPEECH which gives the primary distinction to a given speaker's VOICE when pitch and loudness are excluded. It involves both phonatory and resonatory characteristics. Some of the descriptions of voice quality are harshness, breathiness and nasality.
The sounds produced by humans by the passage of air through the LARYNX and over the VOCAL CORDS, and then modified by the resonance organs, the NASOPHARYNX, and the MOUTH.
The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The graphic registration of the frequency and intensity of sounds, such as speech, infant crying, and animal vocalizations.
A discipline concerned with relations between messages and the characteristics of individuals who select and interpret them; it deals directly with the processes of encoding (phonetics) and decoding (psychoacoustics) as they relate states of messages to states of communicators.
A mechanism of communicating one's own sensory system information about a task, movement or skill.
The process of producing vocal sounds by means of VOCAL CORDS vibrating in an expiratory blast of air.
The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.
Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.
Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.
Electronic hearing devices typically used for patients with normal outer and middle ear function, but defective inner ear function. In the COCHLEA, the hair cells (HAIR CELLS, VESTIBULAR) may be absent or damaged but there are residual nerve fibers. The device electrically stimulates the COCHLEAR NERVE to create sound sensation.
Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.
Tests of the ability to hear and understand speech as determined by scoring the number of words in a word list repeated correctly.
Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (COCHLEAR IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the COCHLEAR NERVE in the inner ear to create sound sensation in patients with residual nerve fibers.
A group of muscles attached to the SOFT PALATE (or velum) and the PHARYNX. They include the superior constrictor, the PALATOPHARYNGEUS, the levator veli palatini muscle, and the muscularis uvulae. This sphincter is situated between the oral and nasal cavities. A competent velopharyngeal sphincter is essential for normal speech and swallowing.
The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)
A general term for the complete loss of the ability to hear from both ears.
A tubular organ of VOICE production. It is located in the anterior neck, superior to the TRACHEA and inferior to the tongue and HYOID BONE.
The process whereby auditory stimuli are selected, organized, and interpreted by the organism.
A muscular organ in the mouth that is covered with pink tissue called mucosa, tiny bumps called papillae, and thousands of taste buds. The tongue is anchored to the mouth and is vital for chewing, swallowing, and for speech.
The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
Software capable of recognizing dictation and transcribing the spoken words into written text.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
A cognitive disorder marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or express language in its written or spoken form. This condition is caused by diseases which affect the language areas of the dominant hemisphere. Clinical features are used to classify the various subtypes of this condition. General categories include receptive, expressive, and mixed forms of aphasia.
The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.
The ability or act of sensing and transducing ACOUSTIC STIMULATION to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. It is also called audition.
A test to determine the lowest sound intensity level at which fifty percent or more of the spondaic test words (words of two syllables having equal stress) are repeated correctly.
Impairment in the comprehension of speech and meaning of words, both spoken and written, and of the meanings conveyed by their grammatical relationships in sentences. It is caused by lesions that primarily affect Wernicke's area, which lies in the posterior perisylvian region of the temporal lobe of the dominant hemisphere. (From Brain & Bannister, Clinical Neurology, 7th ed, p141; Kandel et al., Principles of Neural Science, 3d ed, p846)
The relationships between symbols and their meanings.
Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.
Any sound which is unwanted or interferes with HEARING other sounds.
The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.
A pair of cone-shaped elastic mucous membrane projecting from the laryngeal wall and forming a narrow slit between them. Each contains a thickened free edge (vocal ligament) extending from the THYROID CARTILAGE to the ARYTENOID CARTILAGE, and a VOCAL MUSCLE that shortens or relaxes the vocal cord to control sound production.
The mimicking of the behavior of one individual by another.
A method of speech used after laryngectomy, with sound produced by vibration of the column of air in the esophagus against the contracting cricopharyngeal sphincter. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Methods of enabling a patient without a larynx or with a non-functional larynx to produce voice or speech. The methods may be pneumatic or electronic.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.

Interarticulator programming in VCV sequences: lip and tongue movements. (1/422)

This study examined the temporal phasing of tongue and lip movements in vowel-consonant-vowel sequences where the consonant is a bilabial stop consonant /p, b/ and the vowels one of /i, a, u/; only asymmetrical vowel contexts were included in the analysis. Four subjects participated. Articulatory movements were recorded using a magnetometer system. The onset of the tongue movement from the first to the second vowel almost always occurred before the oral closure. Most of the tongue movement trajectory from the first to the second vowel took place during the oral closure for the stop. For all subjects, the onset of the tongue movement occurred earlier with respect to the onset of the lip closing movement as the tongue movement trajectory increased. The influence of consonant voicing and vowel context on interarticulator timing and tongue movement kinematics varied across subjects. Overall, the results are compatible with the hypothesis that there is a temporal window before the oral closure for the stop during which the tongue movement can start. A very early onset of the tongue movement relative to the stop closure together with an extensive movement before the closure would most likely produce an extra vowel sound before the closure.  (+info)

Training Japanese listeners to identify English /r/ and /l/: long-term retention of learning in perception and production. (2/422)

Previous work from our laboratories has shown that monolingual Japanese adults who were given intensive high-variability perceptual training improved in both perception and production of English /r/-/l/ minimal pairs. In this study, we extended those findings by investigating the long-term retention of learning in both perception and production of this difficult non-native contrast. Results showed that 3 months after completion of the perceptual training procedure, the Japanese trainees maintained their improved levels of performance of the perceptual identification task. Furthermore, perceptual evaluations by native American English listeners of the Japanese trainees' pretest, posttest, and 3-month follow-up speech productions showed that the trainees retained their long-term improvements in the general quality, identifiability, and overall intelligibility of their English/r/-/l/ word productions. Taken together, the results provide further support for the efficacy of high-variability laboratory speech sound training procedures, and suggest an optimistic outlook for the application of such procedures for a wide range of "special populations."  (+info)

Interarticulator phasing, locus equations, and degree of coarticulation. (3/422)

A locus equation plots the frequency of the second formant at vowel onset against the target frequency of the same formant for the vowel in a consonant-vowel sequence, across different vowel contexts. It has generally been assumed that the slope of the locus equation reflects the degree of coarticulation between the consonant and the vowel, with a steeper slope showing more coarticulation. This study examined the articulatory basis for this assumption. Four subjects participated and produced VCV sequences of the consonants /b, d, g/ and the vowels /i, a, u/. The movements of the tongue and the lips were recorded using a magnetometer system. One articulatory measure was the temporal phasing between the onset of the lip closing movement for the bilabial consonant and the onset of the tongue movement from the first to the second vowel in a VCV sequence. A second measure was the magnitude of the tongue movement during the oral stop closure, averaged across four receivers on the tongue. A third measure was the magnitude of the tongue movement from the onset of the second vowel to the tongue position for that vowel. When compared with the corresponding locus equations, no measure showed any support for the assumption that the slope serves as an index of the degree of coarticulation between the consonant and the vowel.  (+info)

The physiologic development of speech motor control: lip and jaw coordination. (4/422)

This investigation was designed to describe the development of lip and jaw coordination during speech and to evaluate the potential influence of speech motor development on phonologic development. Productions of syllables containing bilabial consonants were observed from speakers in four age groups (i.e., 1-year-olds, 2-year-olds, 6-year-olds, and young adults). A video-based movement tracking system was used to transduce movement of the upper lip, lower lip, and jaw. The coordinative organization of these articulatory gestures was shown to change dramatically during the first several years of life and to continue to undergo refinement past age 6. The present results are consistent with three primary phases in the development of lip and jaw coordination for speech: integration, differentiation, and refinement. Each of these developmental processes entails the existence of distinct coordinative constraints on early articulatory movement. It is suggested that these constraints will have predictable consequences for the sequence of phonologic development.  (+info)

Phonological grouping is specifically affected in cerebellar patients: a verbal fluency study. (5/422)

OBJECTIVES: Recent clinical and functional neuroimaging evidence points towards a cerebellar role in verbal production. At present it is not clear how the cerebellum participates in language production. The aim was to investigate the influence of cerebellar lesions on verbal fluency abilities with specific focus on the verbal searching strategies employed by patients with cerebellar damage. METHODS: Twenty five patients with focal or degenerative cerebellar disease and 14 control subjects were tested in a timed verbal fluency task requiring word production under forced (phonemic or semantic) conditions. To analyse the verbal searching strategy employed, semantic and phonemic cluster analyses were also performed. RESULTS: Performances of cerebellar patients were comparable with those of controls in the semantic task; conversely their performances were significantly impaired when tested in the letter task. Cluster analysis results showed that the verbal fluency impairment is linked to specific damage of phonemically related retrieval strategies. CONCLUSION: Cerebellar damage impairs verbal fluency by specifically affecting phonemic rule performances while sparing semantic rule ones. These findings underline the importance of the cerebellar computing properties in strategy development in the linguistic domain.  (+info)

Modeling and perception of 'gesture reduction'. (6/422)

The phenomenon of vowel reduction is investigated by modeling 'gesture reduction' with the use of the Distinctive Region Model (DRM). First, a definition is proposed for the term gesture, i.e. an acoustically efficient command aimed at deforming, in the time domain, the area function of the vocal tract. Second, tests are reported on the perception of vowel-to-vowel transitions obtained with reduced gestures. These tests show that a dual representation of formant transitions is required to explain the reduction phenomenon: the trajectory in the F(1)-F(2) plane and the time course of the formant changes. The results also suggest that time-domain integration of the trajectories constitutes an integral part of the auditory processing of transitions. Perceptual results are also discussed in terms of the acoustic traces of DRM gestures.  (+info)

The influence of phonological similarity neighborhoods on speech production. (7/422)

The influence of phonological similarity neighborhoods on the speed and accuracy of speech production was investigated with speech-error elicitation and picture-naming tasks. The results from 2 speech-error elicitation techniques-the spoonerisms of laboratory induced predisposition technique (B. J. Baars, 1992; B. J. Baars & M. T. Motley, 1974; M. T. Motley & B. J. Baars, 1976) and tongue twisters-showed that more errors were elicited for words with few similar sounding words (i.e., a sparse neighborhood) than for words with many similar sounding words (i.e., a dense neighborhood). The results from 3 picture-naming tasks showed that words with sparse neighborhoods were also named more slowly than words with dense neighborhoods. These findings demonstrate that multiple word forms are activated simultaneously and influence the speed and accuracy of speech production. The implications of these findings for current models of speech production are discussed.  (+info)

Central bottleneck influences on the processing stages of word production. (8/422)

Does producing a word slow performance of a concurrent, unrelated task? In 2 experiments, 108 participants named pictures and discriminated tones. In Experiment 1, pictures were named after cloze sentences; the durations of the word-production stages of lemma and phonological word-form selection were manipulated with high- and low-constraint cloze sentences and high- and low-frequency-name pictures, respectively. In Experiment 2, pictures were presented with simultaneous distractor words; the durations of lemma and phoneme selection were manipulated with conceptually and phonologically related distractors. All manipulations, except the phoneme-selection manipulation, delayed tone-discrimination responses as much as picture-naming responses. These results suggest that early word-production stages--lemma and phonological word-form selection--are subject to a central processing bottleneck, whereas the later stage--phoneme selection--is not.  (+info)

Abstract : Language does not evolve in an isolated manner, in its own purely cultural realm where the only factors that influence it are language internal. In fact, a series of extra-linguistic factors including latitude, altitude, humidity and deafness arguably have an impact on the way language evolves (diachronically) and on the patterns of linguistic diversity (synchronically). Therefore, I will argue that such small biases nudge the process of language evolution through its repeated use and transmission, playing a part in explaining the observed trajectories of language change and patterns of diversity. Here, I will focus in particular on the potential effects that the anatomy and physiology of the vocal tract might have on speech production. More precisely, I will argue that not only are there vast amounts of inter-individual variation in the vocal tract (VT) which might affect speech production at the individual level, but that this variation is patterned across populations resulting in ...
Focusing on vowel sounds from a wide variety of languages, we use a combination of acoustic measurements of natural tokens, computer simulation of preferred vow...
Do you understand English speakers when they say I can see you after class. vs. I cant see you after class.. She can tell you the directions. vs. She cant tell you the directions.. He can go to the store. vs. He cant go to the store.. Can and cant sound very similar in conversational speech, but there is a way to tell the difference. It is normal for both words to sound reduced, like kin or ken (the vowel has a more central placement in the mouth, rather than a low placement that you see in words like man and hand.) One way to tell the difference between can and cant is to listen for the /t/. But even the /t/ might be so reduced that you miss it. So the best way to tell the difference between can and cant is to listen for the vowel length. The vowel sound in cant is longer.. Good job speaking English. Keep up the good work!. ...
Once, in Garcias studio, I was given a most instructive lesson in the diagnosing of voices. He asked me to listen with him to two singers who had come from America. They were under the impression that they had studied with a teacher who was a representative of the Garcia technique, but in the singing that followed there was no trace of it. Manuel Garcia then asked them to sing some exercises and vocalizations, which seemed to them a strange request. It was a most amazingly amateurish exemplification of tone production. When asked to project the pure Italian vowels, they could not do it. One a baritone had a very throaty voice, and the other a tenor, sang with a nasal quality. The climax came when the poor fellows asked whether they might take lessons from him, during the few weeks of their stay in London. No, no, he exclaimed emphatically, I do not want to commit a sin! Then the tenor asked in a disagreeable way, That means dismissed? Yes, said Garcia, soberly, and with the advice to ...
facial movements.. taste aversion: refers to a type of learning formed after one trial, whereby an association is formed between feelings of sickness and (usually) a particular food, resulting in an avoidance of the food.. telegraphic speech: refers to the reduced sentences (resembling telegrams) that distinguish childrens speech patterns from around 18 months to two years, demonstrating the basics of early grammar by containing crucial nouns and verbs. telic state: a motivational state in which arousal is avoided.. temperament: ...
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Forensic patterns; Genomic patterns; Image patterns; Voice patterns; Speech patterns; Hand writing patterns; Text-embedded sentiment patterns; Emotion recognition patterns; Site access patterns; Service orchestration; Keyboard typing patterns; Financial/stock patterns; Shopping patterns; Dietary patterns; Global warming patterns; Job market patterns; Stock movement patterns; Investing patterns. ...
Forensic patterns; Genomic patterns; Image patterns; Voice patterns; Speech patterns; Hand writing patterns; Text-embedded sentiment patterns; Emotion recognition patterns; Site access patterns; Service orchestration; Keyboard typing patterns; Financial/stock patterns; Shopping patterns; Dietary patterns; Global warming patterns; Job market patterns; Stock movement patterns; Investing patterns. ...
However, IM training physiologically changes the brain by helping to synchronize the functional brain networks. When these networks communicate efficiently and rhythmically, they can overcome this damage because of the stronger remaining connections. That is because timing is a domain-general mechanism. The domain-general mechanism of timing is a jack of all trades mechanism that manifests itself in walking, sleep cycles, speech patterns, ability to attend over time and overall efficacy of brain communication.. IM is the only training program that improves timing in the brain in an organized, systematic, flexible and engaging format. Research has shown that Interactive Metronome® improves motor coordination, working memory, processing and sequencing. Now, individuals can restore function to the brains temporal processing network, not simply rehabilitate and adapt to deficits. Strokes sufferers in IM training have seen measurable improvements in the quality of life.. John wanted his life ...
This is an episode that perfectly sums up Matt Smiths time. It brings together the plot arcs of the Silence, the cracks, Gallifrey falls no more and Trenzalore and ties them up in a neat little bow to wipe the slate clean for incoming Doctor, Peter Capaldi. It also plays to Smiths comedy strengths, like the bald scene and his interactions with Claras family while naked to everyone but her. His dramatic skills are utilised as well, with the story taking place for him over 900 years and the Doctor aging with it. Smith looks older - I have to hand it to the makeup people for making him look older convincingly - and never has the description of the 11th Doctor being an old man in a young mans body been more noticeable than this episode when his body ages too. He doesnt even need to change his characters mannerisms and speech patterns ...
There are different hypotheses on the origin of this word. Some propose to derive it from Proto-Baltic *air-, from Proto-Indo-European *ey-, *oy- (pole, post) with an extra r. Others derive it from the same stem as Latvian vairīt to avoid; to dodge, with loss of the initial v. Others yet consider it an old borrowing from a Germanic language (cf. Old Norse ár, Old English ār, English oar, all from Proto-Germanic *airō), possibly mediated by Livonian āiraz (from Proto-Finnic *airo). Cognates include Lithuanian aĩrė.[1]. ...
Hardbound. Based of the 3rd International Nijmegen conference on Speech Motor Production Fluency Disorders, this book contains a reviewed selection of papers on the topics of speech production as it relates to motor control, brain processes and fluency disorders. It represents a unique collection of theoretical and experimental work, bringing otherwise widespread information together in a comprehensive way. This quality makes this book unlike any other book published in the area of speech motor production and fluency disorders.Topics that are covered include models in speech production, motor control in speech production and fluency disorders, brain research in speech production, methods and measurements in pathological speech, developmental aspects of speech production and fluency disorders. Scientists, clinicians and students as well as anybody interested in the field of speech motor production and fluency disorders, will find useful information in t
Speech production is the process by which thoughts are translated into speech. This includes the selection of words, the organization of relevant grammatical forms, and then the articulation of the resulting sounds by the motor system using the vocal apparatus. Speech production can be spontaneous such as when a person creates the words of a conversation, reactive such as when they name a picture or read aloud a written word, or imitative, such as in speech repetition. Speech production is not the same as language production since language can also be produced manually by signs. In ordinary fluent conversation people pronounce roughly four syllables, ten or twelve phonemes and two to three words out of their vocabulary (that can contain 10 to 100 thousand words) each second. Errors in speech production are relatively rare occurring at a rate of about once in every 900 words in spontaneous speech. Words that are commonly spoken or learned early in life or easily imagined are quicker to say than ...
Production and comprehension of speech are closely interwoven. For example, the ability todetect an error in ones own speech, halt speech production, and finally correct the error can beexplained by assuming an inner speech loop which continuously compares the word representationsinduced by production to those induced by perception at various cognitive levels (e.g. conceptual, word,or phonological levels). Because spontaneous speech errors are relatively rare, a picture naming and haltparadigm can be used to evoke them. In this paradigm, picture presentation (target word initiation) isfollowed by an auditory stop signal (distractor word) for halting speech production. The current studyseeks to understand the neural mechanisms governing self-detection of speech errors by developing abiologically inspired neural model of the inner speech loop. The neural model is based on the NeuralEngineering Framework (NEF) and consists of a network of about 500,000 spiking neurons. In the firstexperiment we induce
Speech Production 2 Paper 9: Foundations of Speech Communication Lent Term: Week 4 Katharine Barden Today s lecture Prosodic-segmental interdependencies Models of speech production Articulatory phonology
Many stuttering treatments incorporate contingencies for stuttering that are thought to contribute to treatment effectiveness. One contingency used in a number of treatment programs for children is time-out (TO) from speaking. However, although TO has been shown to control stuttering in adults there are no clear demonstrations of this effect in children. One aim of the present study was to demonstrate in the laboratory that TO reduces stuttering in children. Three school-age children spoke in a single-subject ABA experiment. In the B phase, a red light was illuminated for 5 seconds when the subject stuttered, during which time the subject stopped talking. Two of the three children showed clear reductions in stuttering in response to TO. The second aim of the study was to detect whether the children who responded to TO adopted an unusual speech pattern in order to control their stuttering. Listeners did not detect any differences between the perceptually stutter-free speech of baseline conditions ...
There are relatively few cases of psychogenic acquired stuttering reported in the literature. This paper addresses one such case, which revealed a solution in search of an explanation (Dworkin, Culatta, Abkarian, & Meleca, 2002, p. 222).. What is Psychogenic Acquired Stuttering?. Psychogenic acquired stuttering typically begins in adulthood in association with a psychological disturbance or emotionally traumatic event, with no association of a history of developmental stuttering or neuropathology. With some variation, the speech disfluency resembling stuttering begins abruptly, is characterized by repetition of initial or stressed syllables, is without secondary symptoms (i.e., learned reactions to the stuttering) or episodes of spontaneous fluency, and does not reduce with fluency facilitating contexts (e.g., choral reading, white noise, delayed auditory feedback, singing, and different communication contexts). The person with psychogenic acquired stuttering may demonstrate atypical ...
It has been suggested previously that at least some levels of the temporal organization for speech production are characterized by proportional timing. The proportional timing model maintains that the duration of temporal intervals within a sequence would remain proportionally invariant across changes in overall duration of the sequence. In order to test this hypothesis for the acoustic level of speech production, 18 women produced three trials of the utterance Buy Bobby a poppy at each of three speaking rates (i.e., slow, normal, fast). Acoustically derived temporal intervals were paired to form ratios reflecting either syllablelevel or phrase-level relative timing. Findings indicated that ratios of temporal intervals at both the syllable-level and phrase-level did not remain invariant across speaking rates. Rather, statistically significant changes in the relative duration of both types of intervals were observed as a function of overall rate of production. For most of the obtained ratios, ...
The work of Penfield and collaborators was based predominantly on patients undergoing surgical treatment of epilepsy. The goal of surgery for epilepsy continues to be the excision of epileptogenic tissue in its entirety without resection of normal tissue or tissue essential for speech, language, and memory. Some neurosurgeons have suggested using anatomical landmarks to spare language cortex with dominant hemisphere surgery, such as the superior temporal gyrus and beyond 4 cm from the temporal tip. There is, however, considerable variability in cortical organization across individuals, and resections in anatomically safe areas have been associated with post-operative aphasias (Ojemann, 1993). Thus, reliance on anatomical landmarks may put language at risk in some patients. The surest method to exclude speech and language cortex from resection is to methodically map the cortical area housing the epileptogenic focus ...
This study explored relationships of speaker sex and masculinity-femininity judgments and 12 measures of rate, fundamental frequency, and intensity from taped reading and spontaneous speech samples of female and male heterosexual and homosexual individuals. Phase One was designed to determine judgment reliability and any procedural variables that might influence judgments. Sex judgments were more accurate on the speakers second performances. Both sex and masculine-feminine judgments were more accurate on reading than on spontaneous speech. Analysis of judgments from type-scripts of spontaneous speech yielded a significant judge sex-by-training interaction. In Phase Two, 20 listeners judged sex and masculinity-femininity from taped reading and spontaneous speech samples of female and male heterosexual and homosexual speakers. The mean fundamental frequency low of females judged male/undecided was higher than those judged correctly. The mean intensity standard deviation of females judged female intensity
Bürki, A. (2017). Workshop on Conversational speech and lexical representations, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, June 8-9, 2017. Bürki, A. (2017). Usage frequency in spoken word processing.Freiburg, Germany, May 29-30, 2017. Bürki, A. (2017). Interface oral/écrit, ou le rôle du langage écrit dans la production et la reconnaissance des mots. Journées dÉtudes Toulousaines, Toulouse, France, May 18-19, 2017. Viebahn, M., Dufour, S., & Bürki, A. (2017). Imitation of sublexical speech segments.Winterschool Speech production and perception,Chorin, Germany. Bürki, A. (2016). Electrophysiological correlates of interference effects in the picture-word interference paradigm. Society for the Neurobiology of Language Conference, London, UK. Viebahn, A. & Bürki, A. (2016). Subjective frequency in the processing and representation of French pronunciation variants. AMLAP, San Sebastian, Spain. McQueen, J. M., Viebahn, M., Ernestus, M., Frauenfelder, U., & Bürki, A. (2016). How much does orthographic ...
Dr. Gerald Maguire Research, particularly of the past ten years, has started to pinpoint the neurophysiological roots of stuttering. Maguire describes the different known causes: the neurological aspect in the basal ganglia area of the brain, and the hereditary factor. Interestingly, there is believed to be a link between streptococcal infections in early childhood and stuttering, but the theory needs more study.. Maguire intersperses personal testimonials from people who stutter at the beginning of each chapter. They tell about how prescribed medications have helped, in varying degress, to improve their speech. Nobody describes it as eliminating their stuttering entirely, rather that they experienced a small to medium level of improvement in their speech, which helped their confidence.. Maguire talks about medications that have a proven level of success in increasing fluency, but none of these drugs are FDA certified to be administered specifically for stuttering. Maguire believes that the ...
Purpose: The production of formulaic expressions (conversational speech formulas, pause fillers, idioms, and other fixed expressions) is excessive in the left hemisphere and deficient in the right hemisphere and in subcortical stroke. Speakers with Alzheimers disease (AD), having functional basal ganglia, reveal abnormally high proportions of formulaic language. Persons with Parkinsons disease (PD), having dysfunctional basal ganglia, were predicted to show impoverished formulaic expressions in contrast to speakers with AD. This study compared participants with PD, participants with AD, and healthy control (HC) participants on protocols probing production and comprehension of formulaic expressions. Method: Spontaneous speech samples were recorded from 16 individuals with PD, 12 individuals with AD, and 18 HC speakers. Structured tests were then administered as probes of comprehension. Results: The PD group had lower proportions of formulaic expressions compared with the AD and HC
The use of subject pronouns by bilingual speakers using both a pro-drop and a non-pro-drop language (e.g. Spanish heritage speakers in the USA) is a well-studied topic in research on cross-linguistic influence in language contact situations. Previous studies looking at bilinguals with different proficiency levels have yielded conflicting results on whether there is transfer from the non-pro-drop patterns to the pro-drop language. Additionally, previous research has focused on speech patterns only. In this paper, we study the two modalities of language, speech and gesture, and ask whether and how they reveal cross-linguistic influence on the use of subject pronouns in discourse. We focus on elicited narratives from heritage speakers of Turkish in the Netherlands, in both Turkish (pro-drop) and Dutch (non-pro-drop), as well as from monolingual control groups. The use of pronouns was not very common in monolingual Turkish narratives and was constrained by the pragmatic contexts, unlike in Dutch. ...
Nolan is in a very active phase right now, so it is hard to get him to sit down for a chit-chat. I did manage to maintain his attention for a few minutes to get a good speech sample ...
Three years before his retirement and six years before his diagnosis, Muhammad Alis speech patterns showed signs of Parkinsons, a new study finds.
Pronunciation: die-a-leck-tick. Sentence: For most of his life, Joe was able to avoid mishap caused by his dialectick. Growing up in Central Iowa, no one seemed to notice or care much when he affected the speech patterns of a Keokuk-ian or Des Moines-ite. But his dialectick did not serve him well when he got a job at the Starbucks across the street from U.N. headquarters. He was fired after two hours because of complaints that he was taunting the customers.. Etymology: Dialect (dialect n. A regional or social variety of a language distinguished by pronunciation, grammar, or vocabulary, especially a variety of speech.) + tic (A habitual spasmodic muscular movement or contraction, usually of the face or extremities). Points: 584. Vote For ...
The most distinguishing symptom of AS is a childs obsessive interest in a single object or topic to the exclusion of any other. Some children with AS have become experts on vacuum cleaners, makes and models of cars, even objects as odd as deep fat fryers. Children with AS want to know everything about their topic of interest and their conversations with others will be about little else. Their expertise, high level of vocabulary, and formal speech patterns make them seem like little professors.. Children with AS will gather enormous amounts of factual information about their favorite subject and will talk incessantly about it, but the conversation may seem like a random collection of facts or statistics, with no point or conclusion.. Their speech may be marked by a lack of rhythm, an odd inflection, or a monotone pitch. Children with AS often lack the ability to modulate the volume of their voice to match their surroundings. For example, they will have to be reminded to talk softly every time ...
Munnstykke Trombone Denis Wick Classic 4BL Forgylt Ideal for solo playing. Excellent range with even tone production. Cup diameter: 26.00mm. Rim width: 6.72mm. Throat: 7.12mm. Backbore: Medium. Large shank.
The aim of this study was to investigate the acquisition of grammar in children _ with Down syndrome, in particular to look at the production of morphological rules (stated by Brown 1973), and onset ages at which they are acquired in their language. In a study of three children in the United States, Brown found that between the ages of 2 and 4 years, typically developing children gradually incorporated a variety of different morphemes in their speech. Although there was little correspondence between the inclusion of separate morphemes and chronological age, there was a strong similarity in relation to the sequence in which the different morphemes appeared in their speech. In this longitudinal study the children with Down syndrome produce their first 10 words on average 12 months later than typically developing children, then the majority of the early morphological rules were in fact acquired by the children with Down syndrome, at a similar rate to typically developing children. This therefore would
First-time filmmaker Robert Eggers extraordinary horror film The Witch begins with an earnest, gravel-voiced dissident named William (Ralph Ineson) boldly defying a grim-faced panel of Puritan judges. When one of them reminds him that they are his judges, not he theirs, he says scornfully, I cannot be judged by false Christians. Would he be banished from the plantation, then? I would be glad of it, he answers proudly.. Hollywood conventions and cultural assumptions incline us to assume the rigidity and intolerance of the community elders and to take this contrarian as the voice of moral reason. Its a bit of a shock to consider later that the reverse might be closer to the truth.. One of last years best-made but most unsettling films, The Witch is a deeply unconventional horror film on many levels, from the authentically archaic speech patterns, formal yet plainspoken, of the Puritan era, to the equally archaic theological worldview persuasively evoked with that language, including the ...
Patrick is devastated. [Devastated? How many married guys get a shot at a threesome without all the baggage?] He and Dr. Freedman study Claires condition feverishly and postulate that the normal left/right brain communication has been interfered with (much like a clinical condition associated with an exotic surgery used for severe epilepsy patients), [Thanks, I was wondering what the medical explanation was for this interference.] stranding Claire in the right brain and an over-achieving remnant of Claire, Joy, in the left brain. [Doctor House would test the theory by removing the left side of the brain; fortunately hes on his summer hiatus.] Claires family and friends are skeptical of Claires claims, especially when an MRI reveals a tiny brain lesion in an area of the brain frequently associated with the aphasic speech pattern that Claire presented for a while. Medical gravity leans towards the lesion despite its size. [The MRI found the lesion that was created by the EEG. Now they need ...
Written by Courtney Stackhouse. The science-based stuttering therapy program at Hollins Communications Research Institute (HCRI) focuses explicitly on correcting muscle distortions and teaching new speaking skills that participants utilize to maintain fluency for a lifetime. As a behavioral therapy designed to help people achieve fluency, HCRIs 12-day program does not include a psychological component.. Yet, those who participate gain self-confidence that comes from using their new skills and speaking fluently at will. For many clients, this newfound confidence is something they never experienced before attending HCRI stuttering therapy.. One such person is 26-year-old Byron Jones. Before Byron attended HCRIs program, he had difficulty talking in front of strangers and friends alike. He tried a variety of therapies that proved to be unsuccessful. He practiced with numerous fluency teachers over the years and even tried an auditory-feedback device. Any positive results only lasted for a short ...
There is no cure for a stutter, but there are several steps that can help a person reduce stuttering. These steps include quick tips and long term treatment. Learn about them here.
Jescheniak, J. D.; Kurtz, F.; Schriefers, H.; Günther, J.; Klaus, J.; Mädebach, A.: Words we do not say: Context effects on the phonological activation of lexical alternatives in speech production. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 43 (6), pp. 1194 - 1206 (2017 ...
What Is Stuttering? When they stutter, Numerous young kids go through a phase in between the ages of 2 and 5. This may make them: repeat particular
the past 2 years Ive gone downhill mentally and physically. lately i noticed i cant talk to anyone without stuttering atleast once in a sentence. everybody...
Researchers have identified the first gene mutations linked to stuttering. Surprisingly, the three genes are also linked to some very severe and rare metabolic
Vonage I ve read in this topic that the lingering stutter tone issue was supposed to be fixed in January. It hasn t been. What s the prognosis
Have you ever found yourself stuck in the middle of a sentence, perhaps repeating the last word you said over and over again while you wait for the next word to come out? Or perhaps youve stumbled all over your words and the sentence you tried to say makes no sense to those around you. For most of us, these things occ
語素(Morpheme)又称形态素、義基[1],在語素構詞學裡指最小的語法單位,是最小的語音語義結合體。[2] 在口語中,語素是由音位這一種能區別的最小聲音單位所組成的,而在文字形式語言中,語素則是由字位所組成的。因為漢語是一字一音,所以可按照音位的個數,區分成單音節語素、雙音節語素、多音節語素和非音節語素。[2] 語素和詞不同,有許多的語素不能夠單獨地構成詞。依據是否可單獨成詞,語素可分為自由語素和規範語素(又称不自由語素)。[3] 以英語为例,unbreakable 這個词有三個語素:un-(規範語素)、break(自由語素)和 -able(規範語素)。 ...
Expression definition is - an act, process, or instance of representing in a medium (such as words) : utterance. How to use expression in a sentence.
Coprolalia Coprolalia is involuntary swearing or the involuntary utterance of obscene words or socially inappropriate and derogatory remarks. Coprolalia comes
Avoid barewords if you can, especially all lowercase ones. You cant tell by just looking at it whether a bareword is a function or a string. By using quotes on strings and parentheses on function calls, you wont ever get them confused ...
previous post , next post » Today at ISCSLP2016, Xuedong Huang announced a striking result from Microsoft Research. A paper documenting it is up on arXiv.org - W. Xiong, J. Droppo, X. Huang, F. Seide, M. Seltzer, A. Stolcke, D. Yu, G. Zweig, Achieving Human Parity in Conversational Speech Recognition:. Conversational speech recognition has served as a flagship speech recognition task since the release of the DARPA Switchboard corpus in the 1990s. In this paper, we measure the human error rate on the widely used NIST 2000 test set, and find that our latest automated system has reached human parity. The error rate of professional transcriptionists is 5.9% for the Switchboard portion of the data, in which newly acquainted pairs of people discuss an assigned topic, and 11.3% for the CallHome portion where friends and family members have open-ended conversations. In both cases, our automated system establishes a new state-of-the-art, and edges past the human benchmark. This marks the first time ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Breakpoint localization using array-CGH in three siblings with an unbalanced 4q;16q translocation and childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). AU - Shriberg, Lawrence D.. AU - Jakielski, Kathy J.. AU - El-Shanti, Hatem. PY - 2008/9/1. Y1 - 2008/9/1. N2 - We report clinical, cytogenetic, and comparative genomic hybridization findings for three siblings with an unbalanced 4q;16q translocation, minor malformations, and cognitive abnormalities, including childhood apraxia of speech, a rare, severe motor speech disorder. Breakpoint findings indicate that in addition to possible contributions from duplicated genes on chromosome 16, haploinsufficiency of one or more of 11 genes deleted in the telomeric region of the long arm of chromosome 4 is the likely cause of the speech disorder, the associated impairments in cognition and language, and the dysmorphic features. The present findings are the first to document childhood apraxia of speech in a multiplex family using contemporary speech ...
A speech error, commonly referred to as a slip of the tongue (Latin: lapsus linguae, or occasionally self-demonstratingly, lipsus languae) or misspeaking, is a deviation (conscious or unconscious) from the apparently intended form of an utterance. They can be subdivided into spontaneously and inadvertently produced speech errors and intentionally produced word-plays or puns. Another distinction can be drawn between production and comprehension errors. Errors in speech production and perception are also called performance errors. Some examples of speech error include sound exchange or sound anticipation errors. In sounds exchange errors the order of two individual morphemes is reversed, while in sound anticipation errors a sound from a later syllable replaces one from and earlier syllable. Slips of the tongue are a normal and common occurrence. One study shows that most people can make up to as much as 22 slips of the tongue per day. Speech errors are common among children, who have yet to refine ...
AMS - Acoustic Measurement System. Looking for abbreviations of AMS? It is Acoustic Measurement System. Acoustic Measurement System listed as AMS
A study led by researchers at Childrens Hospital Los Angeles demonstrates what lead investigator Bradley Peterson, MD, calls a critical mass of evidence of a common underlying lifelong vulnerability in both children and adults who stutter. They discovered that regional cerebral blood flow is reduced in the Brocas area -- the region in the frontal lobe of the brain linked to speech production -- in persons who stutter. More severe stuttering is associated with even greater reductions in blood flow to this region. In addition, a greater abnormality of cerebral blood flow in the posterior language loop, associated with processing words that we hear, correlates with more severe stuttering. This finding suggests that a common pathophysiology throughout the neural language loop that connects the frontal and posterior temporal lobe likely contributes to stuttering severity. Read More. ...
The present invention relates to a speech processing device equipped with both a speech coding/decoding function and a speech recognition function, and is aimed at providing a speech processing device equipped with both a speech coding/decoding function and a speech recognition function by using a small amount of memory. The speech processing device of the present invention includes a speech analysis unit for obtaining analysis results by analyzing input speech, a codebook for storing quantization parameters and quantization codes indicating the quantization parameters, a quantizing unit for selecting the quantization parameters and the quantization codes corresponding to the analysis results from the codebook and for outputting selected quantization parameters and selected quantization codes, a coding unit for outputting encoded codes of the input speech including the selected quantization codes, a speech dictionary for storing registered data which represent speech patterns by using the codebook, and
To further quantify the observed speech-related high-gamma modulation in the STN and the sensorimotor cortex, we investigated whether the two structures showed encoding specific to speech articulators. For the sensorimotor cortex, we found that 30% of recording sites revealed either lip-preferred or tongue-preferred activity, which had a topographic distribution: the electrodes located more dorsally on the sensorimotor cortex produced a greater high-gamma power during the articulation of lip consonants, whereas the electrodes that were located more ventrally yielded a greater high-gamma power for tongue consonants. Therefore, our results appear to recapitulate the dorsal-ventral layout for lips and tongue representations within the sensorimotor cortex (Penfield and Boldrey, 1937; Bouchard et al., 2013; Breshears et al., 2015; Chartier et al., 2018; Conant et al., 2018). We found that articulatory encoding is closely aligned with the consonant onset in acoustic speech production. This ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Risk factors for speech disorders in children. AU - Fox, Annette V.. AU - Dodd, Barbara. AU - Howard, David. PY - 2002. Y1 - 2002. N2 - The study evaluated the relationship between risk factors and speech disorders. The parents of 65 children with functional speech disorders (aged 2;7-7;2) and 48 normally speaking controls (aged 3;4-6;1) completed a questionnaire investigating risk factors associated in the literature with developmental communication disorders. The findings indicated that some risk factors (pre- and perinatal problems, ear, nose and throat (ENT) problems, and sucking habits and positive family history) distinguished speech-disordered from normally speaking control populations. The present study also investigated whether specific risk factors were associated with three subgroups of speech disorders identified according to their surface error patterns as suggested by Dodd (1995). No risk factor apart from pre- and perinatal factors could be found that ...
Childhood apraxia of speech - Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment for this childhood motor speech disorder.
The precise contribution and mechanism of sensory feedback (particularly auditory feedback) in successful speech production is unclear. Some models of ...
Looking for speech disorder? Find out information about speech disorder. see language language, systematic communication by vocal symbols. It is a universal characteristic of the human species. Nothing is known of its origin,... Explanation of speech disorder
Description: Psycholinguistic research has typically portrayed speech production as a relatively automatic process. This is because when errors are made, they occur as seldom as one in every thousand words we utter. However, it has long been recognised that we need some form of control over what we are currently saying and what we plan to say. This capacity to both monitor our inner speech and self-correct our speech output has often been assumed to be a property of the language comprehension system. More recently, it has been demonstrated that speech production benefits from interfacing with more general cognitive processes such as selective attention, short-term memory (STM) and online response monitoring to resolve potential conflict and successfully produce the output of a verbal plan. The conditions and levels of representation according to which these more general planning, monitoring and control processes are engaged during speech production remain poorly understood. Moreover, there ...
From Stuttering to Fluency to Falling in Love. Nonprofit Hollins Communications Research Institute (www.stuttering.org ) has helped thousands of people who stutter acquire life-long fluency skills. Yet, the ability to overcome stuttering was only one of the positive outcomes for HCRI therapy participants Scott Morris of Roanoke, Virginia and Natalie Baren of Mountain Brook, Alabama.. In addition to the ability to speak fluently for the first time in their lives, participation in HCRI stuttering therapy enabled them to meet one another. They fell in love and are now engaged to be married.. We are accustomed to seeing successful results from HCRI stuttering treatment. Yet, Scott and Natalies story is certainly extraordinary. Finding fluency and love; it doesnt get any better than that. All of us at HCRI are thrilled for them, said HCRI President Dr. Ron Webster.. Morris and Barens experience with stuttering and journey to fluency took different paths. For Morris, stuttering served as a ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A life-time of stuttering. T2 - How emotional reactions to stuttering impact activities and participation in older people. AU - Bricker-Katz, Geraldine. AU - Lincoln, Michelle. AU - McCabe, Patricia. PY - 2009/12/1. Y1 - 2009/12/1. N2 - Purpose: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework has a pragmatic focus on how impairment impacts the individuals activities and participation. Stuttering is known to impact communication in younger adults but this has not been established in older people who stutter. In this study, emotional reactions to stuttering were investigated in a group 55 years and older who self-reported stuttering since childhood. Method: This was a cross-sectional descriptive design. Twelve participants who self-reported that they still stuttered and in whom stuttering was confirmed, and 14 controls completed the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (FNES), The Endler Multi-dimensional Anxiety Scales-Trait (EMAS-T) and The ...
Relation between phonologic difficulty and the occurrence of disfluencies in the early stage of.... Throneburg, Rebecca Nierman; Yairi, Ehud // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Jun94, Vol. 37 Issue 3, p504 Determines whether the occurrence of disfluencies most typical of stuttering in pre-school age children is influenced by the phonologic difficulty of the disfluent word. Categorization of the phonologic difficulty of each word on which there was a stuttering-like disfluency and of each fluent... ...
This is an overview of the paper which outlines, for the first time, a system has been developed that exceeds human performance in one of the most difficult of all human speech recognition tasks: natural conversations held over the telephone.
Microsoft researchers and engineers create a speech recognition system that makes the same or fewer errors than professional transcriptionists.
FRIDAY, Jan. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Reduced blood flow in a part of the brain thats linked to speech may put people at risk for stuttering, a small study suggests.. There are also signs that the lower the blood flow in regions of the brain tied to speech and language, the more severe the stuttering, the researchers added.. When other portions of the brain circuit related to speech were also affected according to our blood flow measurements, we saw more severe stuttering in both children and adults, said study first author Dr. Jay Desai. He is a clinical neurologist at Childrens Hospital, Los Angeles.. For the study, the investigators used MRI scans to look at the blood flow in the brains of 26 participants with stuttering and 36 participants without the speech disorder.. The researchers found evidence among those who stuttered of reduced blood flow to the Brocas area of the brain, which sits in the frontal lobe. And the study authors linked more severe stuttering to higher levels of ...
Parkinsons disease patients exhibit a high prevalence of speech deficits including excessive speech rate, reduced intelligibility, and disfluencies. The present study examined the effects of delayed auditory feedback (DAF) as a rate control intervention for dysarthric speakers with Parkinsons disease. Adverse reactions to relatively long delay intervals are commonly observed during clinical use of DAF, and seem to result from improper matching of the delayed signal. To facilitate optimal use of DAF, therefore, clinicians must provide instruction, modeling, and feedback. Clinician instruction is frequently used in speech-language therapy, but has not been evaluated during use of DAF-based interventions. Therefore, the primary purpose of the present study was to evaluate the impact of clinician instruction on the effectiveness of DAF in treating speech deficits. A related purpose was to compare the effects of different delay intervals on speech behaviors. An A-B-A-B single-subject design was utilized.
Speaking is not only the basic mode of communication, but also the most complex motor skill humans can perform. Disorders of speech and language are the most common sequelae of brain disease or injury, a condition faced by millions of people each year. Health care practitioners need to interact with basic scientists in order to develop and evaluate new methods of clinical diagnosis and therapy to help their patients overcome or compensate their communication difficulties.
Roots are composed of only one morpheme, while stems can be composed of more than one morpheme. Any additional affixes are considered morphemes. An example of this is the word quirkiness. The root is quirk, but the stem is quirky which has two morphemes. Moreover, there exist pairs of affixes that have the same phonological form, but have different meaning. For example, the suffix -er can be derivative (e.g. sell ⇒ seller) or inflectional (e.g. small ⇒ smaller). These types of morphemes are called homophonous.[5]. Some words might seem to be composed of multiple morphemes, but in fact they are not. This is why one has to consider form and meaning when identifying morphemes. For example, the word relate might seem to be composed of two morphemes, re- (prefix) and the word late, but this is not correct. These morphemes have no relationship with the definitions relevant to the word like feel sympathy, narrate, or being connected by blood or marriage. Furthermore, the length of the words ...
The Glaspey Dynamic Assessment of Phonology (GDAP) is an individually administered dynamic assessment used to measure speech sound production and speech adaptability in students ages 3 through 10.
This video was recorded at MUSCLE Conference joint with VITALAS Conference. Human speech production and perception mechanisms are essentially bimodal. Interesting evidence for this audiovisual nature of speech is provided by the so-called Mc Gurk effect. To properly account for the complementary visual aspect we propose a unified framework to analyse speech and present our related findings in applications such as audiovisual speech inversion and recognition. Speakers face is analysed by means of Active Appearance Modelling and the extracted visual features are integrated with simultaneously extracted acoustic features to recover the underlying articulator properties, e.g., the movement of the speakers tongue tip, or recognize the recorded utterance, e.g. the sequence of the numbers uttered. Possible asynchrony between the audio and visual stream is also taken into account. For the case of recognition we also exploit feature uncertainty as given by the corresponding front-ends, to achieve ...
We found that both phasic increases and decreases in the discharge rate of STN neurons accompany the production of speech. In this study, subjects read aloud syllables presented on a computer screen, a behavioral paradigm that requires a series of neural events beginning from processing the visual cue to activating motor commands for the vocal organ. Neural events that occur early in this series, such as processing of the visual cue and forming a phonological plan, might be expected to be time-locked to cue presentation. Events that occur later in the series, such as forming and executing the motor speech plan, might be expected to be time-locked to speech output. We showed that decrease-type responses are predominantly locked to cue presentation and increase-type STN responses are predominantly locked to the onset of speech. These findings suggest that STN inhibition may be associated with early, cognitive aspects of speech production, while STN excitation may be associated with later, motor ...
Clinical management of sensorimotor speech disorders , Clinical management of sensorimotor speech disorders , کتابخانه دیجیتالی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات درمانی شهید بهشتی
While the left hemispheric role in speech production has been extensively studied the role of the right hemisphere is less explored. Therefore, this paper addressed the question to what extend the right hemisphere is involved in prosodic production in an intonational language such as German. In particular, we explored the speech production of three patients with right hemisphere damage and compared these data to that of matched controls. We used a question-answer test of 48 German sentences with different verb-argument structures and varying focus positions. Healthy subjects correctly differentiated between the syntactic conditions and between the wide and narrow focused sentences by correlating prosodic parameters with cues for Intonational Phrasing as well as for accent distribution and accent types. In comparison, patients had difficulties in realizing prominence/accent distribution. Additionally, they seem to have a decreasing capacity for durational control as indicated by missing prefinal ...
Stuttering is a speech disorder where the person experiences difficulty in speaking fluently. The person affected by stuttering is unable to produce certain sounds in a flow. This causes severe mental and physical problems, and may even lower the persons self-esteem. Heres a lowdown on the top five symptoms of stuttering.
Although some people are irked by the idea of taking drugs for stuttering, Dr. Maguire states there is nothing wrong with it, just as people with other conditions are helped by responsible use of prescribed medications. Although a drug to specifically target stuttering with minimal side effects has not yet been found, Dr. Maguire believes it is just a decade or so away.. A person who stutters interested in drug treatment for stuttering would consult with his doctor and a board certified psychiatrist who is familiar with issues surrounding fluency. A speech language pathologist can offer consultation with the psychiatrist if needed. A patient should be fully aware of side effects associated with any medication and be in consultation with a psychiatrist regularly when using the prescribed medication.. Stuttertalk interview with Dr. Gerald Maguire. ...
A team of researchers at UC San Francisco has uncovered the neurological basis of speech motor control, the complex coordinated activity of tiny brain regions that controls our lips, jaw, tongue and larynx as we speak.
This course addresses prominent theories and fundamental issues in the fields of speech perception, spoken word recognition, and speech production. The primary focus will be on accounts of unimpaired cognitive processing involved in the production and perception of single words and phrases, and we will consider a range of interdisciplinary perspectives.
The mystery of why some humans are prone to stutter may be solved by... mice. A mutation in a gene called Gnptab is known to be present in some people who stutter. By tinkering with the genetic makeup of laboratory mice, scientists can induce them to produce halting and repetitive vocal patterns akin to human stuttering. Based on their findings involving these tiny test subjects, the researchers hope to answer the age-old question of why humans stutter and develop ways to treat the condition.
Magic Forum: stuttering - Hi somebody cast a stuttering spell on me can anyone help me to stop stuttering am rly shy to talk with....
The Strings classes began five weeks ago. Susan Ramsey, the violin teacher of FA, works twice a week with two string instrument groups - the beginners and the advanced students, Susan now is working on the fundamentals with the beginners. They are working on bowing, beautiful tone production, perfect intonation, and concepts of physics and geometry, such as clarifying the angles between the hair of the bow and the strings. Susan is planning to put the beginners into an ensemble and work on Ode to Joy and Twinkle Twinkle Little Star at the end of the semester. She suggested the students do the stop-think-play steps: stop playing, think of what comes next, and then play it. She quoted some words from Suinichi Suzuki, a Japanese violinist: Only practice on the days that you eat.. Susan now is working on the Brandenburg, Concerto No.3, October, and other Bach music with the advanced students. In order to produce beautiful tunes, she is trying to help the students understand the history and the ...
A challenge for speech recognition models is to account for the variation between natural connected speech forms and the canonical forms of the lexicon. This study focuses on one particular sound change common in conversational ...
After several months or years perhaps of being immersed in so many rumors about the Apple tablet PC, finally the most awaited and probably the most coveted product of the year is real and its here!. Bragged as the magical device at an amazing price, Steve Jobs said at a press launch in San Francisco, California. During his kind of peer-to-peer conversational speech, he mentioned how amazing the iPad will be to browse the web. But did it really level up to the expectations that were pointed out in the rumors? Or are there some things that the iPad lack to the disappointments of many?. Well lets take a look at some of iPads notable features which Steve Jobs himself presented to the press audience.. SCREEN: 9.7-inch IPS LCD screen. The LCD provides the backlighting, but most of the technology is IPS, or In-plane switching. This gives it a stronger viewing angle than most screens. You can tilt the screen anyway you want and the interface moves with it.. RESOLUTION: 1024×768 pixels (132 pixels ...
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My Grandpa always told my Dad, and my Dad passed it on to me, that in every bit of sarcasm and in every joke, there is a grain of truth. Meaning that if Im making a tacky comment about someone, I cant just blow it off as a joke....because deep inside, part of me means exactly what I said. This makes me think about how we (meaning we as Christians) generally dont pay enough attention to the words we speak. Too often, we acclimate too well to our surroundings, especially adjusting our speech patterns to those of our friends, neighbors, whoevers. We make jokes at others expense; we allow ourselves to criticize and belittle others, and get away with it by calling it just teasing; we start using crude or vulgar language; we soften up truths to make them more palatable (even to ourselves). We start to blend in with all of the influences around us--sometimes the good ones, but mostly the bad ones. And we justify it to ourselves by telling ourselves, Hey, I still believe in God. Im still a good ...
The domain-general mechanism of timing is a jack of all trades mechanism that manifests itself in walking, running, sleep cycles, speech patterns and overall efficacy of brain communication. This timing in the brain, or temporal processing, is often out of sync after trauma such as amputations. When the brains functional networks are synchronized and communicating, our neurons can fire at their peak levels. This frees up cognitive function that can be used for coordination, control, balance and attention. IM is the only training program that improves timing in the brain in an organized, systematic, flexible and engaging format.. Research has shown that Interactive Metronome® improves bilateral coordination, gait, processing and sequencing. Now, individuals can restore function to the brains temporal processing network, not simply rehabilitate and adapt to deficits.. Take Brenda, for example. Brenda may have had a partial amputation of her right leg, but she wasnt going to let that slow her ...
A four-hour operation to insert silicone bags between her legs to stretch the skin was successfully completed on February 8, 2005. A successful operation to separate her legs to just above the knee took place May 31, 2005, in a Solidarity Hospital in the district of Surquillo in Lima. The procedure, however, was so intensive that she became traumatized to the degree of losing her ability to form proper speech patterns, leaving her nearly mute. As yet it is not known if this is a physiological or psychological condition. However, at Milagross second birthday, her mother reported that she knew more than 50 words. A second operation to complete the separation up to the groin took place on September 7, 2006. A few weeks later, she took her first steps ...
They say write what you know and as an out, proud gay man I purposely based Psyches mannerisms, his speech pattern, and his sarcastic nature off of myself. Just amped up a little for story effect. Everyone loves a colorful gay character, I figured. Right? No. In fact, some people absolutely hate gay people who act gay. Funny enough, the majority of these anti-So Super Duper-ers got their panties in a twist solely from gazing upon the ad for the recently released trade paperback collection of So Super Duper. An ad alone caused such a strong emotional reaction? Seriously?. To be fair, said offensive ad, with its bubblegum pink background, Psyches hand sassily placed on hip and the tagline boldly declaring Quite possibly the gayest superhero in the universe was a smidge in-your-face with its embracing of the effeminate side of the gay spectrum. But thats what I loved about it. I never fathomed any of this would be viewed as a bad thing. Without even reading a single panel, page, or word ...
Definition reprinted with permission from Hood, Stephen B. (editor) available from Stuttering Foundation of America: Stuttering Words (Publication No 2: Speech Foundation of America). ...
The mystery behind a complex disorder called stuttering became a little clearer today with the announcement of the discovery of three genes for stuttering by Dennis Drayna, Ph.
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This Level 4 Teachers Resource Book contains end-of-unit evaluation tests, worksheets for further vocabulary and grammar practice, along with cross-curricular extension material. The Audio CD includes all the listening material needed to accompany the tests.. ...
This paper considers whether the childs early vocabulary shows signs of being organized into word categories. Two main kinds of evidence are looked for: 1. differential production of fillers (referred to here more neutrally as Prefixed Additional Elements); ii. relevant phonomoprhological variation for verb-words, and only in them. Results of analyses of natural speech production provided by the longitudinal studies of two French acquiring children followed between the ages of 1;3 and 2;3, show that there is a first period in which words seem to constitute one, formally undifferentiated, set. Differentiation between noun-words and verb-words appears progressively, as evidenced by the differential occurrence of PAEs in prenominal and in preverbal positions, and in the appearance of phonomorphologically relevant variations only in words that are verbs in the language. Looking at connected aspects of language, other péhenomena are observed to occur at the same time, in particular, a significant ...
Dysarthria (Diagnosis, Treatment, and Conclusion) Definition: Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder that is a condition in which the muscles people use for
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The significance and measurement of head position during speech production experiments using the x-ray microbeam system. ... X-ray Microbeam Speech Production Database User's Handbook, 4-7. University of Wisconsin. The Electromagnetic Articulograph ( ... n.p.. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. n.d.. Videofluoroscopic Swallowing Study (VFSS). Web: American Speech- ... The coils are about 3mm in size and are not considered to be a particularly large source of error for measurements. Some ...
Oral fluency or speaking fluency is a measurement both of production and reception of speech, as a fluent speaker must be able ... Pre-production OR Silent/receptive Early production Speech emergence Intermediate fluency Advanced fluency. The process of ... Both disorders have breaks in the fluidity of speech, and both have the fluency breakdown of repetition of parts of speech. ... Linguistics Phonics Precision teaching Speech and language pathology Speech disfluencies Synthetic phonics González, Josué M. ( ...
2009) on the basis of modeling speech production, speech perception, as well as speech acquisition. Moreover, fMRI measurements ... Phonetotopy within a neurocomputational model of speech production and speech acquisition. In: Fuchs S, Loevenbruck H, Pape D, ... It is assumed that a phonetotopic ordering of speech sounds as well as of syllables can be found at a supramodal speech ... Phonetotopy is the concept that articulatory features as well as perceptual features of speech sounds are ordered in the brain ...
Koenig, L.L; Lucero, J.C.; Perlman, E. (2008). "Speech production variability in fricatives of children and adults: Results of ... Löfqvist, A.; Koenig, L. L.; McGowan, R. S. (1995). "Vocal tract aerodynamics in /aCa/ utterances: Measurements". Speech ... and on the development of speech production in children. Web of Science reports 20 papers in peer-reviewed journals, with over ... and is an Associate Editor for speech production of the Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. ...
Such measurements are rarely used in production switching systems, in particular due to the necessity of voice samples at both ... Another, more sophisticated way of measuring the call quality is PESQ (Perceptual Evaluation of Speech Quality). ...
His other research interests included experimental phonetics, the production and perception of speech, laryngeal control in ... Lisker, L.; Abramson, A.S. (1964). "A cross-language study of voicing in initial stops: Acoustical measurements". Word. 20: 384 ... Abramson, A.S. (1962) The Vowels and Tones of Standard Thai: Acoustical Measurements and Experiments. Bloomington: Indiana U. ... Arthur Seymour Abramson (January 26, 1925 - December 15, 2017) was an American linguist, phonetician, and speech scientist. ...
Objective measurement of vocal fatigue in classical singers: a vocal dosimetry pilot study. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006 ... Titze, I.R. (1994). Principles of Voice Production, Prentice Hall. ISBN 978-0-13-717893-3. Titze IR et al. Populations in the U ... Effects of an extended version of the Lee Silverman Voice Treatment on voice and speech in Parkinson's disease. Am J Speech ... J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2007 Aug;50(4):899-912. PMID 17675595. Spielman JL et al. The effects of intensive voice treatment on ...
Newman, D. "The Physiology of Speech Production" (PDF). Retrieved 31 March 2012. Heman-Ackah, Yolanda D. (2005). "Physiology of ... Thurlbeck, W. M. (1967). "Internal surface area and other measurements in emphysema". Thorax. 22 (6): 483-96. doi:10.1136/thx. ... Phonic respiration (speech generation) is a type of controlled expiration that is used every day. Speech generation is ... Exhaled air is rich in carbon dioxide, a waste product of cellular respiration during the production of energy, which is stored ...
188), ISBN 978-0-13-717893-3. Baken, R. J. (1987). Clinical Measurement of Speech and Voice. London: Taylor and Francis Ltd. ( ... Formant Human voice Vocal range Hearing (sense) Titze, I.R. (1994). Principles of Voice Production, Prentice Hall (currently ... The voiced speech of a typical adult male will have a fundamental frequency from 85 to 180 Hz, and that of a typical adult ... Thus, the fundamental frequency of most speech falls below the bottom of the "voice frequency" band as defined above. However, ...
188), ISBN 978-0-13-717893-3. Baken, R. J. (1987). Clinical Measurement of Speech and Voice. London: Taylor and Francis Ltd. ( ... Titze, I.R. (1994). Principles of Voice Production, Prentice Hall (currently published by NCVS.org) (pp. ... The voiced speech of a typical adult male will have a fundamental frequency from 85 to 180 Hz (10,200 to 21,000 movements per ...
... measurement capabilities. Measurements can be done using the Integrated Impulse Response or Interrupted Noise Methods. Such ... speech intelligibility, security from acoustic detection and recognition, and community annoyance. It covers tests for steady- ... describes procedures for measuring the sound levels transmitted through air of developmental and production materiel as a means ... Type 1 is used for precision measurements in the field, and Type 2 is used for general-purpose measurements. For compliance ...
Spatial planning and movement, speech production, and complex motor movements are all aspects of action. Consciousness is the ... Lewandowski and Strohmetz (2009) review a collection of innovative uses of behavioral measurement in psychology including ... ranging from speech production to auditory processing and visual perception. It has made progress in understanding how damage ... In any event, if speech is indeed governed by rules, they appear to be opaque to any conscious consideration. Learning and ...
Speech Communication, 41, 303-329. Fant, C. Gunnar M. (1960). Acoustic theory of speech production. The Hague, Mouton. Gariel, ... Engwall, O. (2003). Combining MRI, EMA & EPG measurements in a three-dimensional tongue model. ... In W. J. Hardcastle and A. Marchal (Eds.), Speech Production and Speech Modelling, Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, 131-149. Matsui ... Proceedings of the 1st ESCA Tutorial and Research Workshop on Speech Producing Modeling - 4th Speech Production Seminar, 125- ...
Basically, a normal, relaxed way of speech is the optimal method for voice production, in both speech and singing. Any excess ... Objective evaluation or measurement of vocal loading is very difficult due to the tight coupling of the experienced ... These changes in pressure form the waves called (voiced) speech. The fundamental frequency of speech for an average male is ... Voiced speech is produced by air streaming from the lungs through the vocal cords, setting them into an oscillating movement. ...
Speech is a major area of study for acoustical engineering, including the production, processing and perception of speech. This ... including measurement, analysis and control. This might include: ground vibrations from railways and construction; vibration ... Speech recognition and speech synthesis are two important aspects of the machine processing of speech. Ensuring speech is ... Speech Communication Technical Committee. "Speech Communication". Acoustical Society of America. Retrieved 22 May 2013. ...
Fletcher's contributions to the theory of speech perception are among his best-known work. He showed that speech features are ... In 1924 he was awarded the Louis E. Levy Medal by the Franklin Institute for physical measurements of audition. He was ... Some of his other accomplishments include the production of the first functional hearing aid, the 2-A audiometer, and the ... Much of his research is considered to be authoritative, and his books, Speech and Hearing and Speech and Hearing in ...
One part of the operculum called Broca's area plays an important role in speech production. To compensate, the inferior ... using a novel technique that allowed for a higher resolution measurement of the fiber thickness. Einstein's corpus callosum was ... Scientific studies have suggested that regions involved in speech and language are smaller, while regions involved with ...
... was a German physiologist and speech scientist who used the Edison phonograph to test theories of vowel production, ... Most of these problems depended for their solution on the accurate measurement of physical quantities." In his analysis of ... voice and speech, he made use of photographic registration and magnification of the surface features of a phonograph record's ... grooves to visually display the sounds of speech. Through his work, he determined that the passage of air through the mouth ...
... and areas involved in speech production and comprehension) helps to avoid surgically induced neurological deficits. Direct ... In research, MEG's primary use is the measurement of time courses of activity. MEG can resolve events with a precision of 10 ... To reduce the magnetic background noise, the measurements were made in a magnetically shielded room. The coil detector was ... MEG complements other brain activity measurement techniques such as electroencephalography (EEG), positron emission tomography ...
Stuart, A; Kalinowski, J (2015). "EFFECT OF DELAYED AUDITORY FEEDBACK, SPEECH RATE, AND SEX ON SPEECH PRODUCTION". Perceptual ... ISBN 0-89859-131-7. Orlikoff, R. F.; Baken, R. J. (2000). Clinical Measurement of Speech and Voice. Singular. p. 109. ISBN 1- ... Hashimoto, Y; Kuniyoshi, SL (2003). "Brain activations during conscious self-monitoring of speech production with delayed ... experiments in order to demonstrate the importance of auditory feedback in speech perception as well as in speech production. ...
Lise Menn proposes that there are five levels of processing in speech production, each with its own possible error that could ... This is a commonly applied measurement of syntax for first and second language learners, with samples gathered from both ... The following are examples of errors in English speaking children's productions. "I goed" "He runned" In an elicited production ... Dysarthria is a defect in the neuromuscular connection that involves speech movement. The speech organs involved can be ...
Its usefulness as a theory and measurement instrument for Planning and Decision making in management has also been demonstrated ... but not understand speech and text. Based on A. R. Luria's (1966) work on modularization of brain function, and supported by ... damage to a very specific area of the left temporal lobe will impair the production (but not the comprehension) of spoken and ... The PASS theory provides the theoretical framework for a measurement instrument called the Das-Naglieri Cognitive Assessment ...
It has also been found that the hormone estrogen increases ability of speech production and phonological processing in women, ... measurement, probability, statistics and especially mechanical reasoning. It also manifests and largely mediates higher male ... Kwon, Ho-Beom (2010-09-01). "Gender difference in speech intelligibility using speech intelligibility tests and acoustic ... is a clear higher female performance on a number of verbal tasks prominently a higher level of performance in speech production ...
In 1910 Dr Ferranti made a presidential speech to the IEE addressing this issue, but it would be another sixteen years before ... Ferranti had been involved in the production of electronic devices including radio valves, cathode ray tubes and germanium ... Ferranti Instruments, based at Moston, developed various items for scientific measurements, including one of the first cone and ... Each plant supplied a different standard, which made the mass production of domestic electrical equipment inefficient. ...
Speech Production and Speech Modelling, NATO ASI Series, 55, Kluwer (ISBN 0-7923-0746-1), pp 98-100 and 112-116 Plauche, Tanner ... ISBN 3-540-31257-9. Baken, R.J. (1987). Clinical MEasurement of Speech and Voice. Taylor and Francis. p. 442. Articulate ... Despite the multiple attempts to reverse engineer EPG tools for speech therapy, most companies failed to commercialize EPG ... EPG tools remain fairly expensive tools for speech therapy and phonetics research, though the information they provide are ...
Clinical Measurement of Speech and Voice San Diego: Singular, 2000 Kummer, A. W. Resonance disorders and nasal emission: ... and acts to prevent the buildup of air pressure and thus prevent the normal production of the consonant. In testing for ... A speech therapist listens to and records the child while analysing perceptual speech. In hypernasality, the child cannot ... speech pathologists are asked to rate the speech by listening to a recorded sentence or paragraph, though there is much ...
The sacred divisions seem also to have a correspondence in the measurement and division of land, which since the very dawn of ... Two mythological figures have been set by the Etruscans as presiding over the production of their sacred books: a female figure ... whether delivered through speeches or lectures, such as Tages, or inspiration). The revelations of the prophetess Vegoia are ...
For example, if the company has been losing money, and in a letter to the production division, the front office orders a ... Until then, organizational communication as a discipline consisted of a few professors within speech departments who had a ... observable and replicable behaviors that can be transformed into variables by some form of measurement, and (b) formally ... and increased production of employees. The field traces its lineage through business information, business communication, and ...
... we use a combination of acoustic measurements of natural tokens, computer simulation of preferred vow... ... Because TAD and its corollaries are primarily aimed at explaining regularities of speech production rather than of speech ... Auditory Factors in Speech Production and Perception Diehl, Randy L. University of Texas Austin, Austin, TX, United States ... Diehl, Randy L (2008) Acoustic and auditory phonetics: the adaptive design of speech sound systems. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B ...
telegraphic speech: refers to the reduced sentences (resembling telegrams) that distinguish childrens speech patterns from ... for production of sperm and the development of the secondary sexual characteristics. It has also. been associated with ... of measurements consistency, by. correlating (the same) test. performance on two different occasions. ... such as incoherent speech.. thought disorder: in. abnormal psychology, a general term to describe disturbance of thought or ...
Dynamic articulatory model of speech production using computer simulation.  Henke, William L. (Massachusetts Institute of ... Formant and burst spectral measurements with quantitative error models for speech sound classification.  Hasegawa-Johnson, ... Acoustic measurements for speaker recognition.  Wolf, Jared John (Massachusetts Institute of Technology., 1969) ... Detection of consonant voicing: a module for a hierarchical speech recognition system.  Choi, Jeung-Yoon, 1969- (Massachusetts ...
The purpose of the present study was twofold: 1) to compare the hierarchy of perceived and produced significant speech pattern ... Development of speech perception and production in children with cochlear implants. *Kishon-Rabin L ... Speech Production Measurement. *Age Factors. *Child. *Child, Preschool. *Follow-Up Studies. *Hearing Impaired Persons/* ... The data also provide additional insight into the interrelated skills of speech perception and production. ...
Many speech articulators are internal to the vocal tract, and therefore simultaneously … ... A complete neurobiological understanding of speech motor control requires determination of the relationship between ... Speech Acoustics* * Speech Production Measurement / methods * Tongue / anatomy & histology * Tongue / innervation * Tongue / ... Statistical speech synthesis generated speech from vocal tract measurements, and we demonstrate perceptual identification. We ...
Speech Acoustics * Speech Production Measurement * Time Factors * Voice / physiology* * Voice Quality * Young Adult ... in the steady state of tracheal air pressure by glottal activity and vocal fold vibrations result in voice production. Voice is ...
Speech production measurement. Voice. Resumo em inglês. OBJECTIVE: To verify changes in the perceptual and acoustic vocal ... Patients from Group 1 underwent a protocol of vocal and speech therapy including 12 individual sessions with the same therapist ... comprising vocal exercises and plosive consonants production training, and the Voice Onset Time (VOT) with the support of the ... Group 1 presented statistically significant improvement in the production of consonants [b] and [d]. Group 2 did not present ...
Speech / physiology*. Speech Acoustics. Speech Production Measurement. Stroke / complications. Verbal Behavior / physiology*. ... Next Document: Task-related factors in oral motor control: speech and oral diadochokinesis in dysarthria and apraxi.... ...
Topics: measurement of articulatory movements; measurements of pressures and airflows in speech production; computer-aided ... 6.542J / 24.966J / HST.712J Laboratory on the Physiology, Acoustics, and Perception of Speech, Fall 2001  ...
Topics include: speech perception, word comprehension, semantics, bilingualism, speech production, sentence processing, reading ... Probability, measurement, descriptive statistics, sampling distributions, null hypothesis significance testing, means ... This course provides a comprehensive study of pain, from basic anatomy through clinical treatment and measurement. ... Introduction to Statistics and Measurement.. Schedule: Fall, Tuesday/Thursday 11am - 12:15pm. 3 Hours ...
... organization for speech production is present and suggests promise for the use of fNIRS during natural speech production in ... However, there have been few neurophysiological investigations of speech production in children who stutter. Using functional ... This investigation of neural activation during natural, connected speech production in children who stutter demonstrates that ... we examined hemodynamic responses over neural regions integral to fluent speech production including inferior frontal gyrus, ...
This survey course covers physical and acoustic properties of speech perception and speech production. Instrumental measurement ... Study of speech-sound production in children emphasizing disorders with organic (including cleft/resonance) and functional ... This course will study the dynamics of speech sound production, and provide the knowledge and skills for transcription and ... This course will address neuroanatomy and neurophysiology of structures responsible for speech production. Students will learn ...
Articulatory speech synthesis denotes the synthesis of speech based on an articulatory and aero-acoustic simulation of the ... Since the measurement system uses acoustic frequencies above 12 kHz, it does not interfere with normal speech production. ... The goal of this line of research is to overcome these limitations with an actual simulation of human speech production. ... In this line of research we develop new techniques to measure different aspects of speech production. One of these techniques ...
Postma, A. (2000). Detection of errors during speech production: a review of speech monitoring models. Cognition 77, 97-132. ... as well as the measurement of disfluency from a constrained sentence production task. Age, gender, and sampling context are all ... Levelt, W. J. M. (1992). Accessing words in speech production: stages, processes and representations. Cognition 42, 1-22. doi: ... Shriberg, E. (2001). To errrris human: ecology and acoustics of speech disfluencies. J. Int. Phonet. Assoc. 31, 153-169. doi ...
... though the effect size is small and the robustness of the measurement of vowel use is low. Methodological robustness of the ... though the effect size is small and the measurement robustness is only moderate. Methodological robustness of the hypothesis is ... causing biases in speech production. This was tested with a computational model of biomechanics and a cross-cultural phonetic ... Measurement Robustness. Woodward (2006) discusses measurement robustness: the measurement of a variable is robust if different ...
... and production tests of non-word repetition. Segmental and suprasegmental properties of the L2 speech were quantified. Sixty ... Using measurement invariance tests, this three-factor model was also found to hold equivalently across gender and age. In the ... the success of the L2 speaker-listener interaction isimpacted by how speech is produced by the speaker and how speech is ... Second language (L2) speech is known to vary greatly from one learner to another. Furthermore, the way in which listeners ...
... disease progression through quantitative measurement of speech production characteristics over time; disease progression ... through quantitative measurement of handwriting abilities over time; and change from baseline in quality of life (as measured ...
You should notice a dramatic slowdown in visual processing and in speech production in Step 3. In short, there is a powerful ... In short, a massive drop in mental capacity (IQ) occurred with toes curled that you never felt until you did a measurement! ... This will affect speech, singing, silent reading, thinking, writing, math calculating, visual processing and memory. ...
Articulography Lab: The Articulography Lab allows researchers to study speech production by recording speech, tongue movements ... and multifunctional soundproof experimental rooms for reaction time measurements. See the links below for more information. ... The CLCG has a laboratory which houses equipment for the study of language production, comprehension and acquisition. This ... Psycholinguistics lab: Research rooms to run experimental studies on language comprehension and production. For more ...
Probabilistic mapping and volume measurement of human primary auditory cortex. ... are associated in the adult brain with functional and anatomical hemispheric asymmetries in the speech perception-production ... Perception of speech is improved when presentation of the audio signal is accompanied by concordant visual speech gesture ... Perception of speech is improved when presentation of the audio signal is accompanied by concordant visual speech gesture ...
How would you segment this speech and measurement this production to buy cialis dapoxetine maximize structure? Tryptizol no ... Ásico gelatin alalico del lenguaje a water que se production levels casi que surgen de componentes de diversa naturaleza a gel ...
All metabolic measurements are presented as mass-specific rates of O2 consumption (ml min-1 g-1) or mass-specific volumes (ml g ... analysis shows that the metabolic cost of singing is also similar to that of calling in frogs and of human speech production. ... The cost of song production in songbirds is lower than that measured for the production of echolocation calls by stationary ... Measurements of song O2 volume indicate the added cost for singing one motif above that of baseline activity. Song O2 volumes ...
Theory of voice production: The physical production of voice has been explained for a long time by the myoelastic or ... Aerodynamic measurements of pressure, flow rate, and volume of the air exhaled during specific phonic tasks have produced ... Theory of voice production. The physical production of voice has been explained for a long time by the myoelastic or ... The same dichotomy of communicative speech and declamatory singing is often seen in cases of spastic dysphonia (a peculiar, ...
The significance and measurement of head position during speech production experiments using the x-ray microbeam system. ... X-ray Microbeam Speech Production Database Users Handbook, 4-7. University of Wisconsin. The Electromagnetic Articulograph ( ... n.p.. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. n.d.. Videofluoroscopic Swallowing Study (VFSS). Web: American Speech- ... The coils are about 3mm in size and are not considered to be a particularly large source of error for measurements. Some ...
Direct measurements of respiratory or articulatory kinematics, however, are indicated for futures studies, to more clearly ... Trials are sorted by speech production latency; speech production onset for each trial is indicated in green. B, The time ... Trials are sorted by speech production latency; speech production onset for each trial is indicated in green. B, The time ... cognitive aspects of speech production, while STN excitation may be associated with later, motor aspects of speech production. ...
... especially when testing speech recognition but also with regard to speech production. Subjective assessment of benefit to a ... Audibility may be: determined by means of aided hearing thresholds or real-ear measurements. For determining speech recognition ... Speech production has to be assessed in terms of intelligibility by others, who may or may not be used to the individual ... Assessment of outcome of hearing aid fitting in children should contain several dimensions: audibility, speech recognition, ...
Method: MRI data were acquired in 12 young adults and 9 children at rest and during speech production. Multiple measurements ... Method: Participants included 11 adults, aged 20-63 years, with typical speech-production skills. A repeated measures design ... American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology;Aug2013, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p523 Purpose: To investigate speech-language pathology ... A temporal motor defect in speech preparation and/or planning may contribute to the development of stuttering. This defect may ...
2000 Clinical measurement of speech and voice, 2nd edn. San Diego, CA: Thompson Learning Singular Publishing. ... 2012 How low can you go? Physical production mechanism of elephant infrasonic vocalizations. Science 337, 595-599. doi:10.1126/ ... 2006 Chaos in voice, from modeling to measurement. J. Voice 20, 2-17. doi:10.1016/j.jvoice.2005.01.001 (doi:10.1016/j.jvoice. ... In speech, both males and females mainly use the chest register, which is generally lower in fundamental frequency compared ...
... motor control in speech production and fluency disorders, brain research in speech production, methods and measurements in ... in the area of speech motor production and fluency disorders.Topics that are covered include models in speech production, ... Scientists, clinicians and students as well as anybody interested in the field of speech motor production and fluency disorders ... pathological speech, developmental aspects of speech production and fluency disorders. ...
... and measurement and analysis of typical speech and voice production and perception. ... Explores speech production and characteristics of speech acoustics as they relate to typical and atypical speech production and ... Speech production subsystems of respiration, phonation, articulation, and resonation are examined in detail through the ... Basic clinical principles and procedures for diagnosis and treatment of disorders of speech sound production. PREREQ or COREQ: ...
The physical and physiological aspects of speech and its measurement are reviewed. Normal physical processes and principles ... Various aspects of the science of sound are covered including the nature of sound waves, their production, recording, and ... PHYS 357 The Science of Speech and Hearing (3) Provides a foundation in the science of sound as applied to speech and hearing ... The areas covered include: observation and measurement, kinematics, dynamics, work and energy, impulse, and momentum, fluids, ...
Advances in Non-Linear Modeling for Speech Processing Reihe: SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering ... From the Contents: Speech production mechanism.- Linear speech production model.- Nonlinearity in speech production.- Nonlinear ... Nonlinear measurement and modeling using Teager energy operator.- Teager energy operator (TEO).- Vocal tract aeroacoustic flow ... Finally, it is shown that, the fusion of speech production and speech perception mechanisms can lead to a robust feature set. ...
  • and 5) the hierarchy in speech pattern contrast perception and production was similar between the implanted and the normal-hearing children, with the exception of the vowels (possibly because of the interaction between the specific information provided by the implant device and the acoustics of the Hebrew language). (mendeley.com)
  • These results demonstrate a multi-modal system to non-invasively monitor articulator kinematics during speech production, describe novel analytic methods for relating kinematic data to speech acoustics, and provide the first decoding of speech kinematics from electrocorticography. (nih.gov)
  • Explores speech production and characteristics of speech acoustics as they relate to typical and atypical speech production and perception. (isu.edu)
  • This wide ranging technology has enabled measurement and analysis of sound and vibration in all of its known configurations, with application to science, research, health, safety, medicine, underwater acoustics, and in consulting work. (acoustics.asn.au)
  • The organization of chapters in the new edition now more closely follows the speech subsystems approach, beginning with basic acoustics, and moving on to the respiratory system, phonatory system, articulatory/resonatory system, auditory system, and nervous system. (ecampus.com)
  • In: 2016 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), pp. 5240-5244. (springer.com)
  • Speech acoustics, speech perception, speech production. (umn.edu)
  • The data also provide additional insight into the interrelated skills of speech perception and production. (mendeley.com)
  • This survey course covers physical and acoustic properties of speech perception and speech production. (southalabama.edu)
  • Instrumental measurement and analysis of the physical and acoustic properties of speech perception and production will be addressed. (southalabama.edu)
  • In addition to addressing the assessment and treatment of pediatric speech sound disorders, students acquire knowledge of speech perception, production, and typical acquisition for English speakers and crosslinguistically. (southalabama.edu)
  • In terms of pronunciation, one underlying construct of second language (L2) speaking, research targeting phonological correlates (e.g., segmentals, word stress) of L2 comprehensibility (i.e., perceived ease of understanding) draws primarily from listeners' subjective scale-based perception of monologic speech, and has shown strong associations with both segmental and suprasegmental measures. (hawaii.edu)
  • Examines seminal and contemporary theories of speech production and perception, research findings, clinical applications, and measurement and analysis of typical speech and voice production and perception. (isu.edu)
  • Finally, it is shown that, the fusion of speech production and speech perception mechanisms can lead to a robust feature set. (buchfreund.de)
  • How orally fluent one is can therefore be understood in terms of perception, and whether these qualities of speech can be perceived as expected and natural (i.e., fluent) or unusual and problematic (i.e., non-fluent). (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent models of speech perception propose that this rhythmic nature of speech is central to speech recognition and has beneficial effects on language processing. (mpi.nl)
  • A subsequent perception experiment, with listeners rating the perceived charisma of (low-pass filtered versions of) Clinton's and Trump's speech, showed that more pronounced amplitude modulations (i.e., more 'rhythmic' speech) increased perceived charisma ratings. (mpi.nl)
  • These outcomes highlight the important contribution of speech rhythm to charisma perception. (mpi.nl)
  • Speech Science: An Integrated Approach to Theory and Clinical Practice, 4th Edition focuses on the relationship between the scientific study of speech production and perception and the application of the material to the effective evaluation and treatment of communication disorders. (ecampus.com)
  • As in previous editions, the book concludes with information on classic and current models and theories of speech production and perception. (ecampus.com)
  • Physics and biology of spoken language, from the talker's production of sounds and words, to the transmission of sound, to the listener's perception of what was said. (umn.edu)
  • Mathematical principles applied to measuring behaviors such as rating personality/attention, evaluating infant speech perception, studying opinion polls, measuring voice/sound, quantifying speech recognition through cochlear implants. (umn.edu)
  • Here she used her knowledge of speech perception and production to become a leader in the use of computers in language teaching. (uchicago.edu)
  • Subsequently, we estimated possible correlations between the ALS patients' subjective perception of their speech quality and an objective assessment of the speech organs carried out by an expert. (bvsalud.org)
  • EMA is used in linguistics and speech pathology to study articulation and in medicine to study oropharyngeal dysphagia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Speech production subsystems of respiration, phonation, articulation, and resonation are examined in detail through the analysis of acoustic and physiological data. (isu.edu)
  • Although most ankyloglossia research is focused on infant breastfeeding issues, concerns beyond infancy also have been recognized, including speech-related issues, such as difficulty with articulation, and social concerns related to limited tongue mobility. (aappublications.org)
  • Maeda, S.: Compensatory articulation during speech: Evidence from the analysis and synthesis of vocal-tract shapes using an articulatory model. (springer.com)
  • An IRT analysis was applied to preschooler's productions of the words on the Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation-2 (GFTA-2) to identify candidates for a screening measure of speech sound production skills. (ku.edu)
  • Parkinsonian dysarthria has traditionally been interpreted as manifestation of rigor and hypokinesia on the speech effector organs [ 4 ] inducing to a multidimensional motor speech impairment including alterations of speech respiration, phonation, articulation, and prosody. (hindawi.com)
  • Thus, based upon global clinical impression, hypokinetic dysarthria is characterized by a breathy and harsh voice, monotony of pitch and loudness, reduced stress, variable speech rate with short rushes of speech, and imprecise articulation resulting in a reduction of overall speech intelligibility [ 5 - 8 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The present work is devoted to explore how PD affects the dynamic behavior of the speech neuromotor biomechanics (neuromechanics) involved in deficient articulation (dysarthria), in contrast to classical measurements based on static features as extreme and central vowel triangle positions. (vutbr.cz)
  • article{BUT142890, author="Pedro {Gomez-Vilda} and Jiří {Mekyska} and Andrés {Gómez-Rodellar} and Daniel {Palacios-Alonso} and María Victoria {Rodellar Biarge} and Agustín {Álvarez-Marquina}", title="Monitoring Parkinson Disease from speech articulation kinematics", annote="Parkinson Disease (PD) is a neuromotor illness affecting general movements of different muscles, those implied in speech production being among them. (vutbr.cz)
  • The FDA and VHI-based measurements revealed a high, positive correlation between the objective and subjective evaluation of articulation quality. (bvsalud.org)
  • Many speech articulators are internal to the vocal tract, and therefore simultaneously tracking the kinematics of all articulators is nontrivial--especially in the context of human electrophysiology recordings. (nih.gov)
  • Here, we describe a noninvasive, multi-modal imaging system to monitor vocal tract kinematics, demonstrate this system in six speakers during production of nine American English vowels, and provide new analysis of such data. (nih.gov)
  • Statistical speech synthesis generated speech from vocal tract measurements, and we demonstrate perceptual identification. (nih.gov)
  • These advances will be critical for understanding the cortical basis of speech production and the creation of vocal prosthetics. (nih.gov)
  • These disruptions in the steady state of tracheal air pressure by glottal activity and vocal fold vibrations result in voice production. (nih.gov)
  • Patients from Group 1 underwent a protocol of vocal and speech therapy including 12 individual sessions with the same therapist, comprising vocal exercises and plosive consonants production training, and the Voice Onset Time (VOT) with the support of the acoustic spectrogram. (usp.br)
  • Articulatory speech synthesis denotes the synthesis of speech based on an articulatory and aero-acoustic simulation of the vocal system. (tu-dresden.de)
  • These data indicate that the metabolic cost of song production in the songbird species studied is no higher than that for other types of vocal behavior in various bird groups. (biologists.org)
  • The physical production of voice has been explained for a long time by the myoelastic or aerodynamic theory, as follows: when the vocal cords are brought into the closed position of phonation by the adducting muscles, a coordinated expiratory effort sets in. (britannica.com)
  • Here, we introduce an ex vivo preparation of the avian vocal organ that allows simultaneous high-speed imaging, muscle stimulation and kinematic and acoustic analyses to reveal the mechanisms of vocal production in birds across a wide range of taxa. (nih.gov)
  • We propose that such motor redundancy can aid vocal learning and is common to MEAD sound production across birds and mammals, including humans. (nih.gov)
  • Formant synthesis, which models the pole frequencies of speech signal or transfer function of vocal tract based on source-filter-model [2-4]. (docplayer.net)
  • A. ARTICULATORY SPEECH SYNTHESIZER Articulatory synthesis is the production of speech sounds using a model of the vocal tract, which directly or indirectly simulates the movements of the speech articulators. (docplayer.net)
  • Kuhl, P.K., Meltzoff, A.N.: Infant vocalizations in response to speech: vocal imitation and developmental change. (springer.com)
  • Videolaryngostroboscopic data, objective voice assessment, perceptual measurements of vocal quality, and subjective ratings of voice quality were examined before and after treatment. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Because primate lip smacking has no vocal component, it might seem unrelated to speech, but human speech has two components: the source and the filter. (terradaily.com)
  • The connection of speech to lip smacking in primates stems from a theory put forth by [University of Texas-Austin Professor Emeritus of Psychology] Peter MacNeilage in 1998 [in the journal Behavioral and Brain Sciences] that human speech originates from primate facial expressions that were eventually paired with vocal sounds to produce a primitive form of babbling. (terradaily.com)
  • Acoustic measurements for speaker recognition. (mit.edu)
  • Acoustic-phonetic constraints in continuous speech recognition: a case study using the digit vocabulary. (mit.edu)
  • Since the measurement system uses acoustic frequencies above 12 kHz, it does not interfere with normal speech production. (tu-dresden.de)
  • Her research focuses on acoustic attributes of normal and disordered speech production. (ecampus.com)
  • Heinz, J.M., Stevens, K.N.: On the relations between lateral cineradiographs, area functions and acoustic spectra of speech. (springer.com)
  • 1981 - Harry F. Olson - For his innovative and lasting contributions in acoustic transduction, sound reproduction, electronic music and speech synthesis, and his service to the Society. (aip.org)
  • The study is aimed at investigating the formation of acoustic features of speech in typically developing (TD) Russian-speaking children. (springer.com)
  • The obtained data on the acoustic features of the speech of TD children can be used as a normative basis in artificial intelligence systems for teaching children, for creating alternative communication systems for children with atypical development, for automatic recognition of child speech. (springer.com)
  • Our goal was a speech monitoring system suitable for spaceflight that would detect degraded cognitive ability and stress by means of automatic, ongoing acoustic analysis of an astronauts speech. (nsbri.org)
  • Moreover, our voice analysis techniques preserve confidentiality because the relevant acoustic measures reflect impaired speech motor control rather than message content. (nsbri.org)
  • We have confirmed that acoustic measures quantifying slow speech motor control can be used to monitor cognitive impairment induced by hypoxic and cosmic ray-induced insult to the brain, as well as degraded cognitive performance resulting from task difficulty, sleep deprivation and other stressors. (nsbri.org)
  • Our Everest Space-Analog studies provide the foundation for an operational system that uses acoustic measures of a persons speech to detect cognitive deficits resulting from exposure to radiation in space or on the moon, as well as hypoxia in space walks. (nsbri.org)
  • We developed prototype computer algorithms that automatically derive relevant acoustic measures from running speech. (nsbri.org)
  • Researchers conducted both studies using an instrument to analyze patients' speech disorders, which measures the movement of tongue, lips and jaw using an electromagnetic field while simultaneously recording acoustic signals. (medicalxpress.com)
  • 7. Kinematic, Aerodynamic and Acoustic studies of speech production. (promptinstitute.com)
  • In cognitive neuroscience, a fundamental question is to understand how neural activity encodes the acoustic properties of a continuous speech stream and resolves multiple levels of linguistic structures at the same time. (bvsalud.org)
  • This paper reviews the recently developed research paradigms that employ electroencephalography (EEG) or magnetoencephalography (MEG) to capture neural tracking of acoustic features or linguistic structures of continuous speech. (bvsalud.org)
  • It provides a means for gaining an understanding of speech production and for studying phonetics. (docplayer.net)
  • The materials in this collection include teaching materials for the courses she taught, a range of academic papers on various topics in the field of linguistics and speech pathology, and material related to her own research on early language development, craniofacial anomalies, and Japanese phonetics. (uchicago.edu)
  • Current and relevant topics in the fields of speech/language pathology, applied linguistics, psycholinguistics, and education with emphasis on students' coursework at Hunter College will be considered. (cuny.edu)
  • Task-related factors in oral motor control: speech and oral diadochokinesis in dysarthria and apraxi. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Since a deterioration of speech function has more often been observed under high stimulation amplitudes, this phenomenon has been ascribed to a spread of current-to-adjacent pathways which might also be the reason for the sporadic observation of an onset of dysarthria under DBS of other basal ganglia targets (e.g., globus pallidus internus/GPi or thalamus/Vim). (hindawi.com)
  • Nearly 90% of individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) develop voice and speech disorders (dysarthria) in the course of their disease [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Bilateral thalamotomy had been associated with word blocking, slow speech and hypophonia, and a persistent worsening of dysarthria, some of the patients developed palilalia [ 26 - 28 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Purpose: To examine the effects of an intensive Smooth Speech therapy technique on the speech production of an individual with ataxic dysarthria and on the individual's level of functioning on the domains of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). (wordpress.com)
  • One individual with ataxic dysarthria took part in an intensive Smooth Speech therapy programme. (wordpress.com)
  • Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that elements of Smooth Speech Therapy may prove effective in the treatment of ataxic dysarthria, particularly in the treatment of prosodic defects. (wordpress.com)
  • Posted on August 27, 2009, in Research and tagged Keywords: Ataxic dysarthria , smooth speech therapy , treatment . (wordpress.com)
  • Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder resulting from neurologic impairment affecting mainly the control and execution of movements related to speech production. (cvut.cz)
  • New clues may help improve speech for people with dysarthria, a type of speech disorder commonly found in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). (medicalxpress.com)
  • Dysarthria can cause slurred speech, slowed speech, abnormal pitch and rhythm, changes in voice quality and limited tongue, lip or jaw movement, according to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (medicalxpress.com)
  • A Penn State study brings researchers one step closer to better understanding and treating dysarthria, a type of speech disorder, in people with ALS. (medicalxpress.com)
  • The focus of this book is on speech production and speech processing associated with cleft palate, covering phonetic (perceptual and instrumental), phonological and psycholinguistic perspectives, and including coverage of implications for literacy and education, as well as cross-linguistic differences. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • There are some reports of positive levodopa effects on tongue strength and endurance and of an improvement of speech intelligibility assessed by perceptual analysis in PD patients [ 9 - 11 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • However, there have been few neurophysiological investigations of speech production in children who stutter. (nature.com)
  • We found distinctly different speech-related hemodynamic responses in the group of children who stutter compared to the control group. (nature.com)
  • This investigation of neural activation during natural, connected speech production in children who stutter demonstrates that in childhood stuttering, atypical functional organization for speech production is present and suggests promise for the use of fNIRS during natural speech production in future research with typical and atypical child populations. (nature.com)
  • Sixty listeners were divided into two groups of 30-a novice group who rated the L2 speech impressionistically, and a trained group who underwent assessment-informed training. (hawaii.edu)
  • Assessment and treatment principles, methods, and procedures in Speech-Language Pathology with focus on the pediatric population. (isu.edu)
  • This embraces the measurement of background noise levels, prediction and assessment of potential impacts and the in-principle design of mitigation measures (note that this does NOT include the detailed design of more sophisticated engineering noise control measures which is discussed in the Industrial Design category). (acoustics.asn.au)
  • It draws together a group of international experts in the fields of cleft lip and palate and speech science to provide an up-to-date and in-depth account of the nature of speech production, and the processes and current evidence base of assessment and intervention for speech associated with cleft palate. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • Over two decades of neuroimaging research reveals clear anatomical and physiological differences in the speech neural networks of adults who stutter. (nature.com)
  • I think usually there are the best intentions behind research that tries to make connections between meditation and mindfulness on one hand and certain observables on the other, for example, physiological measurements, and other physically measurable correlates of human expression and behavior. (wildmind.org)
  • Evaluation of occupational risk for health of operators of petrochemical production and their physiological and hygienic stipulation]. (bireme.br)
  • Purpose: To investigate speech-language pathology students' ability to identify errors and transcribe typical and atypical speech in Cantonese, a nonnative language. (ebscohost.com)
  • This way of speech synthesis is completely different from current established synthesis technology. (tu-dresden.de)
  • The challenge here is to make these models as detailed as necessary to simulate all the phenomena relevant for speech production, but keep them as simple as possible to be applicable for actual speech synthesis applications. (tu-dresden.de)
  • In contrast to current speech synthesis technology, our work here greatly benefits from basic phonetic research. (tu-dresden.de)
  • In the middle-term, articulatory synthesis may be the way to generate highly natural sounding, expressive and configurable speech synthesis. (tu-dresden.de)
  • Birkholz, P.: Modeling consonant-vowel coarticulation for articulatory speech synthesis. (springer.com)
  • 1 A Review on Speech Synthesis an Artificial Voice Production Smita S. Hande Assistant professor, Dept. of ECE, Fr. (docplayer.net)
  • Speech synthesis, also called text-to-speech, is the generation of synthetic speech. (docplayer.net)
  • This paper deals with some methods of speech synthesis. (docplayer.net)
  • Speech synthesis has very wide range of applications, which are reviewed in later part of the paper. (docplayer.net)
  • I.INTRODUCTION Speech synthesis is the artificial production of human speech [1]. (docplayer.net)
  • The most important qualities of a speech synthesis system are naturalness and Intelligibility. (docplayer.net)
  • The ideal speech synthesizer is both natural and intelligible, hence speech synthesis systems usually try to maximize both characteristics. (docplayer.net)
  • Speech synthesized methods are usually classified into three groups: Articulatory synthesis, which attempts to model the human speech production system directly. (docplayer.net)
  • Concatenative synthesis, which uses different length prerecorded samples derived from natural speech. (docplayer.net)
  • Formant synthesis is based on the source-filter-model of speech and most widely used synthesis method. (docplayer.net)
  • SPEECH SYNTHESIS It considers a network with N mobile unlicensed nodes that move in an environment according to some stochastic mobility models. (docplayer.net)
  • This section covers the some important points of speech synthesis. (docplayer.net)
  • Computer analysis and synthesis of speech. (umn.edu)
  • Experimental investigations of speech processes. (mit.edu)
  • Based of the 3rd International Nijmegen conference on Speech Motor Production Fluency Disorders, this book contains a reviewed selection of papers on the topics of speech production as it relates to motor control, brain processes and fluency disorders. (google.com)
  • Focus on typical structures and processes and atypical structure and processes in populations with speech and swallowing disorders. (isu.edu)
  • Speech, language and hearing changes, as well as social, behavioral, physical and cognitive changes associated with normal and pathological aging processes. (cuny.edu)
  • Word retrieval is core to language production and relies on complementary processes: the rapid activation of lexical and conceptual representations and word selection, which chooses the correct word among semantically related competitors. (nih.gov)
  • Basic neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, especially as they relate to normal speech, language, and hearing processes. (umn.edu)
  • Exploration of phonological, lexical syntactic-morphological, and pragmatic aspects of human communication associated with speech, language, hearing, and related disorders, normal processes of speech and language comprehension and production over the life span. (cuny.edu)
  • The article reviewed these studies, which provided new insights into the processes of continuous speech in the human brain. (bvsalud.org)
  • Many prominent models of speech production nonetheless virtually ignore the basal ganglia ( Hickok, 2012 ), as few studies have examined speech-related neural activity in these subcortical nuclei directly ( Ziegler and Ackermann, 2017 ). (jneurosci.org)
  • Introduction to the anatomy and physiology of speech production and swallowing. (isu.edu)
  • The researchers hope that future studies of the anatomy and physiology of this region will yield major new insights as to why Broca's area became involved with speech in the human brain. (innovations-report.com)
  • The CLCG has a laboratory which houses equipment for the study of language production, comprehension and acquisition. (rug.nl)
  • Research rooms to run experimental studies on language comprehension and production. (rug.nl)
  • A comprehensive comparison of comprehension and production vocabulary in 31 firstborn bilingual and 30 matched monolingual children fails to find empirical foundation for this assumption. (cambridge.org)
  • at 20 months, monolinguals knew more Dutch words than did bilinguals (combining comprehension and production). (cambridge.org)
  • There were no group differences for word production or for Dutch word comprehension. (cambridge.org)
  • Generally, the later in life a learner approaches the study of a foreign language, the harder it is to acquire receptive (auditory) comprehension and fluent production (speaking) skills. (wikipedia.org)
  • Speech comprehension is a central cognitive function of the human brain. (bvsalud.org)
  • The present study aims to compare the production of syllabic patterns of the CVC and CV types performed by Brazilian children with typical and atypical phonological development through ultrasonography of tongue. (scielo.br)
  • The use of a greater area of ​​the tongue by children with atypical phonological development suggests the non-differentiation of the tip and the anterior body gestures of the tongue in the production of CV and CCV. (scielo.br)
  • A complete neurobiological understanding of speech motor control requires determination of the relationship between simultaneously recorded neural activity and the kinematics of the lips, jaw, tongue, and larynx. (nih.gov)
  • This course will study the dynamics of speech sound production, and provide the knowledge and skills for transcription and analysis of normal and disordered sound production. (southalabama.edu)
  • Within the fully coupled multiphysics phonation process, the fluid flow plays an important role for sound production. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The Articulography Lab allows researchers to study speech production by recording speech, tongue movements via electromagnetic articulography and ultrasound tongue imaging. (rug.nl)
  • These movements generate motion artifacts during speech tasks. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • Parkinson Disease (PD) is a neuromotor illness affecting general movements of different muscles, those implied in speech production being among them. (vutbr.cz)
  • Dr. Petrides and colleagues have identified a distinct brain region that controls jaw movements in macaque monkeys that is comparable to Broca's area - the region in the human brain critical for speech production. (innovations-report.com)
  • This discovery is important as it suggests that this area of the brain evolved originally to perform high-order control over the mouth and the jaw, and that as humans evolved this area came to control the movements necessary for speech. (innovations-report.com)
  • The American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology published the latest findings online this week. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Citation Query Probabilistic mapping and volume measurement of human primary auditory cortex. (psu.edu)
  • Probabilistic mapping and volume measurement of human primary auditory cortex. (psu.edu)
  • We view stuttering as a multi-dimensional, multiple risks disorder that includes such aspects as social interactions, emotional reactions, auditory processing, language production and speech motor programming. (stutteringhelp.org)
  • Additionally, one unit is speech therapy services for children and adults who present with fluency disorders/stuttering. (southalabama.edu)
  • This quality makes this book unlike any other book published in the area of speech motor production and fluency disorders.Topics that are covered include models in speech production, motor control in speech production and fluency disorders, brain research in speech production, methods and measurements in pathological speech, developmental aspects of speech production and fluency disorders. (google.com)
  • Varying definitions of fluency characterize it by the language user's automaticity, their speed and coherency of language use, or the length and rate of their speech output. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oral fluency or speaking fluency is a measurement both of production and reception of speech, as a fluent speaker must be able to understand and respond to others in conversation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oral reading fluency is often linked to Schreiber's Theory of Prosody, which places importance on the tone, rhythm, and expressiveness of speech. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Speech Fluency Laboratory, located in Dauer Hall Room 62, is devoted to both basic and applied research in areas related to speech fluency. (ufl.edu)
  • Formant and burst spectral measurements with quantitative error models for speech sound classification. (mit.edu)
  • The patients completed the first fMRI scan prior to beginning an experimental language rehabilitation treatment designed to improve language production through recruitment of right hemisphere mechanisms. (ufl.edu)
  • Universal mechanisms of sound production and control in birds and mammals. (nih.gov)
  • In birds, the physical mechanisms by which vocalizations are produced and controlled remain unresolved because of the extreme difficulty in obtaining in vivo measurements. (nih.gov)
  • Monitoring speech tasks with functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) enables investigation of speech production mechanisms and informs treatment strategies for speech-related disorders such as stuttering. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • 1, 2 Targeted training (speech/voice therapy) can improve specific voice deficits, 3, 4 although the underlying mechanisms of behavioral interventions are not well understood. (jove.com)
  • The data do not support a modular view of word retrieval in speech production but rather support substantial overlap of lexical-semantic activation and word selection mechanisms in the brain. (nih.gov)
  • We have few testable ideas about the neural mechanisms that go awry because there is very little work on the production side of communicative expressions. (terradaily.com)
  • So, if the neural controls for lip smacking are the same as for human speech, then further study of lip smacking in monkeys could reveal more about the brain mechanisms behind human speech. (terradaily.com)
  • Honda, K., Maeda, S.: Glottal-opening and airflow pattern during production of voiceless fricatives: a new non-invasive instrumentation. (springer.com)
  • In: Fifth International Conference on Instrumentation and Measurement, Computer, Communication and Control, pp. 576-579. (springer.com)
  • Using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), we examined hemodynamic responses over neural regions integral to fluent speech production including inferior frontal gyrus, premotor cortex, and superior temporal gyrus during a picture description task. (nature.com)
  • Studies have shown that computer analysis of a person's speech reflecting motor control problems can be used to remotely assess deficits in comprehending language, cognition and decision-making abilities. (nsbri.org)
  • A new study indicates that children with Down syndrome who have motor speech deficits have been inadequately diagnosed, which could have a major impact on the interventions used by speech pathologists when treating patients. (medicalxpress.com)
  • RESULTS: On the basis of the VHI scores, the entire cohort was divided into 2 groups: group I (40 subjects) with mild speech impairment, and group II (23 subjects) displaying moderate and profound speech deficits. (bvsalud.org)
  • In addition to Speech Science: An Integrated Approach to Theory and Clinical Practice, she is the author of the textbook, Voice Disorders: Scope of Theory and Practice. (ecampus.com)
  • In practice, spurious hemodynamic responses in functional activation signals arise from lack of information about the consequences of speech-related motion artifacts, as well as from lack of standardized processing procedures for fNIRS signals during speech tasks. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • Semi-spontaneous oral text production: Measurements in clinical practice. (uio.no)
  • We systematically reviewed literature on feeding, speech, and social outcomes of treatments for infants and children with ankyloglossia. (aappublications.org)
  • Two randomized controlled trials, 2 cohort studies, and 11 case series assessed the effects of frenotomy on feeding, speech, and social outcomes. (aappublications.org)
  • however, studies primarily discussed modalities, with outcomes including safety or feasibility, rather than speech. (aappublications.org)
  • and outcomes beyond infancy, when speech or social concerns may arise. (aappublications.org)
  • However, there are also reports of neutral outcomes for speech following thalamotomy [ 25 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Clinical outcomes associated with prolonged speech-only and prolonged speech + SpeechEasy® interventions. (ufl.edu)
  • This finding was replicated in a reanalysis of the original groups tested in Golestani and others (2002, Anatomical correlates of learning novel speech sounds. (psu.edu)
  • Articulatory correlates of speech sounds. (umn.edu)
  • An extensive body of neuroimaging research in adults who stutter has provided greater insight into the neurological underpinnings of stuttering, confirming functional differences in speech and language network activation even when they are speaking fluently. (nature.com)
  • The goal of this line of research is to overcome these limitations with an actual simulation of human speech production. (tu-dresden.de)
  • In this line of research we develop new techniques to measure different aspects of speech production. (tu-dresden.de)
  • This technique can be applied in basic phonetic research, in "silent speech interfaces", or for providing visual articulatory feedback for speech therapy, foreign language learning, or education. (tu-dresden.de)
  • In this line of research we intend to develop these methods further and exploit their potential in the field of speech and language processing. (tu-dresden.de)
  • However, interaction-based research, through researcher analyses of communicative breakdowns, has indicated segmental production as the primary phonological cause of loss of understanding. (hawaii.edu)
  • It is meant to advance and facilitate student-initiated research in the field of speech/language pathology. (cuny.edu)
  • They motivate further research towards the development of a screening measure of children's speech sound production skills whose stimuli consist of a limited number of difficult phonemes. (ku.edu)
  • I look at this through the eyes of someone a bit old-school, trained in science (physics, computer science, some knowledge of neuroscience, applied to earlier research in human speech production and later to speech technology). (wildmind.org)
  • Survey of theories, methods, and research in speech science. (umn.edu)
  • Exploration of issues and concepts in study design and analysis including types of research, controlling for confounding variables, measurement errors and their effects, statistical methods, and their applications to clinical populations. (cuny.edu)
  • The purpose of this research is to develope the computer-aided speech evaluation system which is modified by the technology of the speech recognition sysytem. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Ghazanfar explains the findings of both papers as follows: "This research gives us insight into methods of exploring the neural basis of not only facial expression production but also its evolution and relationship to speech. (terradaily.com)
  • In our research, we found that primate lip smacking and the facial component of human speech have the same frequency range, developmental trajectory and involve a similar interplay of the lips, tongue and hyoid. (terradaily.com)
  • The aim of this work is to develop an algorithm for controlling the articulators (the jaw, the tongue, the lips, the velum, the larynx and the epiglottis) to produce given speech sounds, syllables and phrases. (springer.com)
  • Their tongue function deteriorates fast but the jaw function is relatively preserved, and these two articulators work together for speech production. (medicalxpress.com)
  • EMA uses sensor coils placed on the tongue and other parts of the mouth to measure their position and movement over time during speech and swallowing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Children with ankyloglossia, an abnormally short, thickened, or tight lingual frenulum, may have restricted tongue mobility and sequelae, such as speech and feeding difficulties and social concerns. (aappublications.org)
  • The researchers observed that during lip smacking, internal structures such as the tongue and hyoid, which houses the larynx, move in pace with the lips with a rhythm of 5 hertz - again, just as in human speech. (terradaily.com)
  • Sensors are attached to a patient's tongue to trace its movement during speech production. (medicalxpress.com)
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between tongue motion and tongue pressure production by simultaneously measuring tongue motion and tongue pressure during water swallowing. (bvsalud.org)
  • The temporal correlation between motion of anterior/posterior tongue and tongue pressure production during swallowing was evaluated on the synchronised waveforms. (bvsalud.org)
  • RESULTS: In the dipper-type swallow, a similar up-and-down motion pattern in vertical direction was observed among all participants before tongue pressure production. (bvsalud.org)
  • CONCLUSION: From the simultaneous measurement of tongue motion and tongue pressure production, the tongue motion pattern during water swallowing and the temporal correlation between tongue motion and tongue pressure production were elucidated. (bvsalud.org)
  • We evaluated 254 elderly patients, who underwent tongue ultrasonography and tongue pressure measurement. (bvsalud.org)
  • Detection of consonant voicing: a module for a hierarchical speech recognition system. (mit.edu)
  • Advances in Non-Linear Modeling for Speech Processing includes advanced topics in non-linear estimation and modeling techniques along with their applications to speaker recognition. (buchfreund.de)
  • Factors That Enhance English-Speaking Speech-Language Pathologists' Transcription of Cantonese-Speaking Children' s Consonants. (ebscohost.com)
  • This book will provide a solid theoretical foundation and a valuable clinical resource for students of speech-language pathology, for practising speech-language pathologists, and for others interested in speech production in cleft palate, including researchers and members of multi-disciplinary cleft teams who wish to know more about the nature of speech difficulties associated with a cleft palate. (researchandmarkets.com)
  • Dynamic articulatory model of speech production using computer simulation. (mit.edu)
  • Basic clinical principles and procedures for diagnosis and treatment of disorders of speech sound production. (isu.edu)
  • Study 3 addresses a more recent analysis of the link between humidity and vowel use and finds that it is robust, though the effect size is small and the robustness of the measurement of vowel use is low. (frontiersin.org)
  • Study of speech-sound production in children emphasizing disorders with organic (including cleft/resonance) and functional bases (i.e., phonological impairments) and childhood apraxia of speech. (southalabama.edu)
  • The modernization of the technological process in the petrochemical industry has reduced the degree of influence of adverse factors of the production environment, but not eliminated the adverse impact of industrial environmental factors on the health ofworkers. (bireme.br)
  • However, difficulties with measurements on freely behaving birds in a small respirometry chamber limit the depth of analysis that is possible. (biologists.org)
  • Affected patients may complain about a quiet or weak voice and about difficulties to get speech started. (hindawi.com)
  • Further, they often report that they are asked to repeat their words because listeners have difficulties to understand although patients themselves may self-estimate their speech as loud and sufficiently articulated [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Method: MRI data were acquired in 12 young adults and 9 children at rest and during speech production. (ebscohost.com)
  • Results: Most of the ratio measurements of structural shape and maximal motion in the velopharyngeal and craniofacial regions were not significantly different between the adults and the children, despite the fact that the children had much smaller structures than the adults. (ebscohost.com)
  • Method: Participants included 11 adults, aged 20-63 years, with typical speech-production skills. (ebscohost.com)
  • The purpose of the present study was twofold: 1) to compare the hierarchy of perceived and produced significant speech pattern contrasts in children with cochlear implants, and 2) to compare this hierarchy to developmental data of children with normal hearing. (mendeley.com)
  • Ghazanfar and his colleagues first reported in the journal Developmental Science that lip smacking undergoes the same developmental trajectory from infancy to adulthood in rhesus macaques that speech-related mouth movement does in humans. (terradaily.com)
  • Intervention techniques for specific disorders of speech, language/hearing in context of social, cultural, linguistic diversity. (umn.edu)
  • Lexical statistics and a production experiment are used to gauge the extent to which the linguistic notion of morphological productivity is relevant for psycholinguistic theories of speech production in languages such as Dutch and English. (mpi.nl)
  • Lexical statistics of productivity show that despite the relatively poor morphology of Dutch, new words are created often enough for the marginalisation of word formation in theories of speech production to be theoretically unattractive. (mpi.nl)
  • This course counts toward the Rehabilitation Sciences in Speech-Language Pathology Master's degree but does not count toward the Master of Science in Speech-Language Pathology degree. (southalabama.edu)
  • Course profiles are designed to help students, faculty, prospective students, alumni, and employers better understand the content of the courses in the Department of Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences and how courses fit together and build upon each other to create an outstanding education for our students. (umn.edu)
  • Our work builds on work by Rune Aaslid, who co-introduced TCD in 1982, and Stefan Knecht, Michael Deppe and their colleagues at the University of Münster, who pioneered the use of simultaneous measurements of left- and right middle cerebral artery blood flow, and devised a method of correcting for heart beat activity. (jove.com)
  • Our analysis shows that the metabolic cost of singing is also similar to that of calling in frogs and of human speech production. (biologists.org)
  • To this end, we characterize the effects of speech production on fNIRS signals, and we introduce a systematic analysis to ameliorate motion artifacts. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • Phonetic analysis, transcription of speech. (umn.edu)
  • Prior to this acoustical analysis, articulatory movement during abnormal sound production have to be analysed. (nii.ac.jp)
  • 2. Quality of methods (design, measurement and analysis plan). (promptinstitute.com)
  • This course will address neuroanatomy and neurophysiology of structures responsible for speech production. (southalabama.edu)
  • Multiple measurements were made on the velopharyngeal and craniofacial structures as well as on the levator veli palatini muscle. (ebscohost.com)
  • A study published today in the prestigious journal Nature by Dr. Michael Petrides and colleagues at the Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI) at McGill University, challenges current thinking that speech developed as a result of new structures that evolved in the human brain. (innovations-report.com)
  • Spatiotemporal dynamics of word retrieval in speech production revealed by cortical high-frequency band activity. (nih.gov)
  • Studies have found that the low-frequency cortical activity tracks the speech envelope. (bvsalud.org)
  • Following a National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship in Speech Communications at MIT in 1981-2, she returned to Illinois and took a position as an assistant professor at the University of Chicago. (uchicago.edu)
  • thus, there are significant gaps in our understanding of speech neurophysiology closer to the onset of the disorder. (nature.com)
  • Using intracranial recording during deep brain stimulation surgery in humans with Parkinson's disease, we tested the hypothesis that the firing rate of subthalamic nucleus neurons is modulated in sync with motor execution aspects of speech. (jneurosci.org)
  • Using microelectrode recordings from the subthalamic nucleus during a single-syllable reading task, in awake humans undergoing deep brain stimulation implantation surgery, we show that the firing rate of subthalamic nucleus neurons is modulated in response to motor execution aspects of speech. (jneurosci.org)
  • Nonlinear measurement and modeling using Teager energy operator. (buchfreund.de)