Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.
Infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS.
A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, coccoid bacteria. Its organisms occur singly, in pairs, and in tetrads and characteristically divide in more than one plane to form irregular clusters. Natural populations of Staphylococcus are found on the skin and mucous membranes of warm-blooded animals. Some species are opportunistic pathogens of humans and animals.
A superfamily of proteins containing the globin fold which is composed of 6-8 alpha helices arranged in a characterstic HEME enclosing structure.
An aquatic genus of the family, Pipidae, occurring in Africa and distinguished by having black horny claws on three inner hind toes.
The commonest and widest ranging species of the clawed "frog" (Xenopus) in Africa. This species is used extensively in research. There is now a significant population in California derived from escaped laboratory animals.
Proteins obtained from various species of Xenopus. Included here are proteins from the African clawed frog (XENOPUS LAEVIS). Many of these proteins have been the subject of scientific investigations in the area of MORPHOGENESIS and development.
VERTEBRATES belonging to the class amphibia such as frogs, toads, newts and salamanders that live in a semiaquatic environment.
A specific monosialoganglioside that accumulates abnormally within the nervous system due to a deficiency of GM1-b-galactosidase, resulting in GM1 gangliosidosis.
A ganglioside present in abnormally large amounts in the brain and liver due to a deficient biosynthetic enzyme, G(M3):UDP-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase. Deficiency of this enzyme prevents the formation of G(M2) ganglioside from G(M3) ganglioside and is the cause of an anabolic sphingolipidosis.
A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and animals including rodents. The Leishmania mexicana complex causes both cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS) and diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, DIFFUSE CUTANEOUS) and includes the subspecies amazonensis, garnhami, mexicana, pifanoi, and venezuelensis. L. m. mexicana causes chiclero ulcer, a form of cutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS) in the New World. The sandfly, Lutzomyia, appears to be the vector.
A chronic disease caused by LEISHMANIA DONOVANI and transmitted by the bite of several sandflies of the genera Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia. It is commonly characterized by fever, chills, vomiting, anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, leukopenia, hypergammaglobulinemia, emaciation, and an earth-gray color of the skin. The disease is classified into three main types according to geographic distribution: Indian, Mediterranean (or infantile), and African.
A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and animals and causes visceral leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL). Human infections are confined almost entirely to children. This parasite is commonly seen in dogs, other Canidae, and porcupines with humans considered only an accidental host. Transmission is by Phlebotomus sandflies.
A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and animals and causes visceral leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL). The sandfly genera Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia are the vectors.
A genus of flagellate protozoa comprising several species that are pathogenic for humans. Organisms of this genus have an amastigote and a promastigote stage in their life cycles. As a result of enzymatic studies this single genus has been divided into two subgenera: Leishmania leishmania and Leishmania viannia. Species within the Leishmania leishmania subgenus include: L. aethiopica, L. arabica, L. donovani, L. enrietti, L. gerbilli, L. hertigi, L. infantum, L. major, L. mexicana, and L. tropica. The following species are those that compose the Leishmania viannia subgenus: L. braziliensis, L. guyanensis, L. lainsoni, L. naiffi, and L. shawi.
Small, hairy, moth-like flies which are of considerable public health importance as vectors of certain pathogenic organisms. Important disease-related genera are PHLEBOTOMUS, Lutzomyia, and Sergentomyia.
Substances that are destructive to protozoans.
Compounds that inhibit HISTONE DEACETYLASES. This class of drugs may influence gene expression by increasing the level of acetylated HISTONES in specific CHROMATIN domains.
A malignant solid tumor arising from mesenchymal tissues which normally differentiate to form striated muscle. It can occur in a wide variety of sites. It is divided into four distinct types: pleomorphic, predominantly in male adults; alveolar (RHABDOMYOSARCOMA, ALVEOLAR), mainly in adolescents and young adults; embryonal (RHABDOMYOSARCOMA, EMBRYONAL), predominantly in infants and children; and botryoidal, also in young children. It is one of the most frequently occurring soft tissue sarcomas and the most common in children under 15. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p2186; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, pp1647-9)
Molecules or ions formed by the incomplete one-electron reduction of oxygen. These reactive oxygen intermediates include SINGLET OXYGEN; SUPEROXIDES; PEROXIDES; HYDROXYL RADICAL; and HYPOCHLOROUS ACID. They contribute to the microbicidal activity of PHAGOCYTES, regulation of signal transduction and gene expression, and the oxidative damage to NUCLEIC ACIDS; PROTEINS; and LIPIDS.
Precursor cells destined to differentiate into skeletal myocytes (MYOCYTES, SKELETAL).
A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.
A class of weak acids with the general formula R-CONHOH.
Promoter-specific RNA polymerase II transcription factor that binds to the GC box, one of the upstream promoter elements, in mammalian cells. The binding of Sp1 is necessary for the initiation of transcription in the promoters of a variety of cellular and viral GENES.

Fitzgerald factor (high molecular weight kininogen) clotting activity in human plasma in health and disease in various animal plasmas. (1/42092)

Fitzgerald factor (high molecular weight kininogen) is an agent in normal human plasma that corrects the impaired in vitro surface-mediated plasma reactions of blood coagulation, fibrinolysis, and kinin generation observed in Fitzgerald trait plasma. To assess the possible pathophysiologic role of Fitzgerald factor, its titer was measured by a functional clot-promoting assay. Mean +/- SD in 42 normal adults was 0.99+/-0.25 units/ml, one unit being the activity in 1 ml of normal pooled plasma. No difference in titer was noted between normal men and women, during pregnancy, or after physical exercise. Fitzgerald factor activity was significantly reduced in the plasmas of eight patients with advanced hepatic cirrhosis (0.40+/-0.09 units/ml) and of ten patients with disseminated intravascular coagulation (0.60+/-0.30 units/ml), but was normal in plasmas of patients with other congenital clotting factor deficiencies, nephrotic syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, or sarcoidosis, or under treatment with warfarin. The plasmas of 21 mammalian species tested appeared to contain Fitzgerald factor activity, but those of two avian, two repitilian, and one amphibian species did not correct the coagulant defect in Fitzgerald trait plasmas.  (+info)

Differences in benzo(a)pyrene metabolism between rodent liver microsomes and embryonic cells. (2/42092)

Differences in benzo(a)pyrene metabolite pattern have been shown by rodent liver microsomes (Sprague-Dawley) and rodent embryo cells from Syrian hamsters and NIH Swiss mice. Rodent liver induced by methylcholanthrene shows marked quantitative variation between species. Additional pattern changes were found in mouse and hamster embryo secondary cultures with a reduction of the K-region metabolites and a marked increase in 9-hydroxybenzo(a)-pyrene. These results are indicative of a region-specific attack on the carcinogen by the cell monooxygenases which is distinct from the liver attack of microsomal enzymes on benzo(a)pyrene. These results suggest that activation and detoxification of benzo(a)pyrene may be species and tissue variable, and susceptibility and resistence to malignant transformation may be predicted on induction of a fortuitous combination of intermediate metabolic steps.  (+info)

Effect of sex difference on the in vitro and in vivo metabolism of aflatoxin B1 by the rat. (3/42092)

Hepatic microsome-catalyzed metabolism of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) to aflatoxin M1 and aflatoxin Q1 and the "metabolic activation" of AFB1 to DNA-alylating metabolite(s) were studied in normal male and female Sprague-Dawley rats, in gonadectomized animals, and in castrated males and normal females treated with testosterone. Microsomes from male animals formed 2 to 5 times more aflatoxin M1, aflatoxin Q1, and DNA-alkylating metabolite(s) than those from females. Castration reduced the metabolism of AFB1 by the microsomes from males by about 50%, whereas ovariectomy had no significant effect on AFB1 metabolism by the microsomes from females. Testosterone treatment (4 mg/rat, 3 times/week for about 6 weeks) of castrated immature males and immature females enhanced the metabolism of AFB1 by their microsomes. A sex difference in the metabolism of AFB1 by liver microsomes was also seen in other strains of rats tested: Wistar, Long-Evans, and Fischer. The activity of kidney microsomes for metabolic activation was 1 to 4% that of the liver activity and was generally lower in microsomes from male rats as compared to those from female rats of Sprague-Dawley, Wistar, and Long-Evans strains. The in vitro results obtained with hepatic microsomes correlated well with the in vivo metabolism of AFB1, in that more AFB1 became bound in vivo to hepatic DNA isolated from male rats and from a female rat treated with testosterone than that isolated from control female rats. These data suggest that the differences in hepatic AFB1 metabolism may be the underlying cause of the sex difference in toxicity and carcinogenicity of AFB1 observed in rats.  (+info)

Microbial and chemical transformations of some 12,13-epoxytrichothec-9,10-enes. (4/42092)

Resting cells of Streptomyces griseus, Mucor mucedo, and a growing culture of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus when mixed with compounds related to 12,13-epoxytrichothec-9-ene-4beta,15-diacetoxy-3alpha-ol(anguidine) produced a series of derivatives that were either partially hydrolyzed or selectively acylated. These derivatives showed marked differences in activities as assayed by antifungal and tissue culture cytotoxicity tests.  (+info)

Fecal coliform elevated-temperature test: a physiological basis. (5/42092)

The physiological basis of the Eijkman elevated-temperature test for differentiating fecal from nonfecal coliforms was investigated. Manometric studies indicated that the inhibitory effect upon growth and metabolism in a nonfecal coliform at 44.5 degrees C involved cellular components common to both aerobic and fermentative metabolism of lactose. Radioactive substrate incorporation experiments implicated cell membrane function as a principal focus for temperature sensitivity at 44.5 degrees C. A temperature increase from 35 to 44.5 degrees C drastically reduced the rates of [14C]glucose uptake in nonfecal coliforms, whereas those of fecal coliforms were essentially unchanged. In addition, relatively low levels of nonfecal coliform beta-galactosidase activity coupled with thermal inactivation of this enzyme at a comparatively low temperature may also inhibit growth and metabolism of nonfecal coliforms at the elevated temperature.  (+info)

Features of the immune response to DNA in mice. I. Genetic control. (6/42092)

The genetic control of the immune response to DNA was studied in various strains of mice F1 hybrids and corresponding back-crosses immunized with single stranded DNA complexed to methylated bovine serum albumin. Anti-DNA antibody response was measured by radioimmuno-logical technique. High responder, low responder, and intermediate responder strains were found and the ability to respond to DNA was characterized as a dominant genetic trait which is not linked to the major locus of histocompatibility. Studies in back-crosses suggested that this immune response is under multigenic control. High responder mice produce both anti-double stranded DNA and anti-single stranded DNA 7S and 19S antibodies, while low responder mice produce mainly anti-single stranded DNA 19S antibodies.  (+info)

Lack of genic similarity between two sibling species of drosophila as revealed by varied techniques. (7/42092)

Acrylamide gel electrophoresis was performed on the enzyme xanthine dehydrogenase in sixty isochromosomal lines of Drosophila persimilis from three geographic populations. Sequential electrophoretic analysis using varied gel concentrations and buffers revealed twenty-three alleles in this species where only five had been described previously. These new electrophoretic techniques also detected a profound increase in divergence of gene frequencies at this locus between D. persimilis and its sibling species D. pseudoobscura. The implications of these results for questions of speciation and the maintenance of genetic variability are discussed.  (+info)

Genetic heterogeneity within electrophoretic "alleles" of xanthine dehydrogenase in Drosophila pseudoobscura. (8/42092)

An experimental plan for an exhaustive determination of genic variation at structural gene loci is presented. In the initial steps of this program, 146 isochromosomal lines from 12 geographic populations of D. pseudoobscura were examined for allelic variation of xanthine dehydrogenase by the serial use of 4 different electrophoretic conditions and a head stability test. The 5 criteria revealed a total of 37 allelic classes out of the 146 genomes examined where only 6 had been previously revealed by the usual method of gel electrophoresis. This immense increase in genic variation also showed previously unsuspected population differences between the main part of the species distribution and the isolated population of Bogota population. The average heterozygosity at the Xdh locus is at least 72% in natural populations. This result, together with the very large number of alleles segregating and the pattern of allelic frequencies, has implications for theories of genetic polymorphism which are discussed.  (+info)

Multiple interspecies differences were detected between humans and seven other mammals in 15 of the 24 metabolites measured in the intact crystalline lens and lens perchloric acid extracts. Generally, the number of statistically significant metabolite differences among the various species, relative to the human, increase in the following order: cat or approximately dog greater than pig greater than rat greater than sheep greater than rabbit greater than cow. ...
We have investigated the relationship between sexual isolation and DNA sequence divergence in the transformation (at locus rpoB) of a naturally competent strain of Bacillus subtilis. Using both genomic DNA and a PCR-amplified segment of gene rpoB as donor, we found that the extent of sexual isolation at locus rpoB was closely predicted, over three orders of magnitude, as a log-linear function of sequence divergence at that locus. Because sexual isolation between a recipient and any potential donor may be determined as a general mathematical function of sequence divergence, transformation is perhaps the only sexual system, in either the prokaryotic or the eukaryotic world, in which sexual isolation can be predicted for a pair of species without having to perform the cross. These observations suggest the possibility of a general approach to the indirect prediction of sexual isolation in bacteria recombining principally by natural transformation. ...
Analysis of the apo hQR1 and mQR1 structures shows that the substrate/nicotinamide binding site is a highly hydrophobic pocket with three potential hydrogen-bonding residues (Tyr-126′, Tyr-128′, and His-161) suitable for binding large quinolic compounds. In the hQR1-DQ structure, DQ is bound to this site by hydrophobic interactions, as well as by a water-mediated (W5) bridge from O4 to His-161. In these structures, C2 of the quinone lies almost on top of the N5 of FAD (3.5 Å apart), suggesting a Michael addition of the hydride from the FADH2 to this position of the substrate.. Comparison of all of the available QR1 structures shows that the side chain of Tyr-128 can adopt many different conformations. The different conformations result in opening and closing of the binding site, as well as in different interactions with substrates. For example, comparison of the structures of hQR1 and hQR1-DQ shows that Tyr-128 moves inside the cavity and away from the FAD to make room for the DQ (Fig. 5). ...
Video created by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign for the course Lactation Biology. Milk is the product of the lactation process. Such a simple statement does not come close to doing justice to the complex nature of this biological ...
Inter and intra species variation in the biofilm production of 54 Trichosporon spp. clinical isolates and 7 reference strains.A- 19 isolates from blood identifi
TY - JOUR. T1 - Sex-specific and lineage-specific alternative splicing in primates. AU - Blekhman, Ran. AU - Marioni, John C.. AU - Zumbo, Paul. AU - Stephens, Matthew. AU - Gilad, Yoav. PY - 2010/2. Y1 - 2010/2. N2 - Comparative studies of gene regulation suggest an important role for natural selection in shaping gene expression patterns within and between species. Most of these studies, however, estimated gene expression levels using microarray probes designed to hybridize to only a small proportion of each gene. Here, we used recently developed RNA sequencing protocols, which sidestep this limitation, to assess intra- and interspecies variation in gene regulatory processes in considerably more detail than was previously possible. Specifically, we used RNA-seq to study transcript levels in humans, chimpanzees, and rhesus macaques, using liver RNA samples from three males and three females from each species. Our approach allowed us to identify a large number of genes whose expression levels ...
Exposure to environmental insults generally occurs at low levels, making it challenging to measure bacterial responses to such interactions. Additionally, microbial behaviour and phenotype varies in differing bacterial types or growth phases, likely giving rise to growth- or species-specific responses to environmen
A group of researchers led by Andrea Cavalleri at the Max Planck Institute for Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) in Hamburg has demonstrated a new method enabling precise measurements of the interatomic forces that hold crystalline solids together. The paper Probing the Interatomic Potential of Solids by Strong-Field Nonlinear Phononics, published online in Nature, explains how a terahertz-frequency laser pulse can drive very large deformations of the crystal. ...
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, and it is locally common with no major threats. The northern subpopulations are much scarcer, but these are likely to be a different subspecies or even a distinct species. Once the taxonomy is resolved the northern species or subspecies may qualify for threatened status ...
Should we be content simply to safeguard as much as we can of the planetary stock of species? Or should we pay equal if not greater attention to safeguarding evolutionary processes at risk (cf. refs. 64-66)? Consider, for instance, biodisparity: to cite Jablonski (49), If we are concerned with avoiding the loss of particular functional groups, or with maximizing the potential source pool for evolutionary recovery, then biodisparity measures may provide a more appropriate assessment, beyond sheer numbers of taxa, of how priorities should be set.. Following on from these considerations is the question of whether we should seek to maintain the evolutionary status quo by preserving precise phenotypes of particular species, or whether we should prefer to maintain phylogenetic lines that will enable evolutionary adaptations to persist, thereby leading to new species (67, 68). Is it sufficient for us to maintain, for example, just the two elephant species we already have, or should we try to keep ...
Youre right, humans and dogs cant reproduce. So you wont get anything like Barf the Mog from Spaceballs. A half man/half dog wouldnt get very far past a single cell (assuming the egg and sperm could even come together!). This is because dogs and people have very different sets of instructions in their DNA ...
Sometimes, unexpected research results are simply due toexperimental error. Other times, its the opposite - the scientistshave uncovered a new phenomenon that reveals an even more accurateportrayal of our bodies and our universe, overturningwell-established assumptions. Indeed, many great biologicaldiscoveries are made when results defy expectation. A few yearsago, researchers in the Burge lab were comparing the genomicevolution of several different mammals when they noticed a strangepattern. Whenever a new nucleotide sequence appeared in the RNA ofone lineage, there was generally an increase in the total amount ofRNA produced from the gene in that lineage. Now, in a new paper,the Burge lab finally has an explanation, which redefines our
Description: A sandwich ELISA for quantitative measurement of Human Crystal proteins a in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species ...
Intra-species ceBLATs and composite-EvoPrints identify conserved sequences within the input reference DNA that have rearranged in the aligning regions of other
Text searches may yield weird results when combined with other filters. If you want to find observation of a particular species, use the taxon filter ...
Text searches may yield weird results when combined with other filters. If you want to find observation of a particular species, use the taxon filter ...
Text searches may yield weird results when combined with other filters. If you want to find observation of a particular species, use the taxon filter ...
Text searches may yield weird results when combined with other filters. If you want to find observation of a particular species, use the taxon filter ...
Text searches may yield weird results when combined with other filters. If you want to find observation of a particular species, use the taxon filter ...
Text searches may yield weird results when combined with other filters. If you want to find observation of a particular species, use the taxon filter ...
CC-RIX mice provide a controlled genetically diverse model for studies of infection and immunology that may more closely mirror the diversity of the human response.
Nurses generally do not question the need for medicine to research disease and its treatment yet many cite as irrelevant research done on human responses and treatment of those responses to achieve nurse-sensitive outcomes.
IISERM Colloquia and Seminars - 2013 158. Seminar Dec 24th, 2013 (Tues 11:00 am) Dr. Samit Bhattacharyya "Population dynamic consequences of human response to infectious disease - Theory and Models" 157. Seminar Dec 20th, 2013 (Fri 4:00
Critical Care Nursing : The American Association of Critical Care Nurses defines critical care nursing as the specialty within nursing that deals specifically with human responses to life-threatening problems...responsible for ensuring that acutely and critically ill patients and their families receive optimal care.
So im interrested as im sure everyone is on how to get dense buds? Is it a strain dependant thing,a light thing or a fertalizer thing lol?I only have...
Read that previous post for a full explanation. This is the sort of data wed expect to have the strongest edge/center effects: focal areas with high information, areas large enough to allow searchlights to fit inside the middle of the informative areas. Its also likely that the activations in these areas are all in the same direction (higher activity during the moving stimuli than the non-moving stimuli), creating consistent differences in the amount of BOLD throughout the areas. Normalizing each example within each searchlight removes this consistent BOLD difference, and so classification fails ...
Hi there, Are there any online resources or wikis that would tell me the finer details for growing specific strains? Like some strains want higher...
Lycoperdon echinatum, Spiny Puffball fungus: pictures (images), habitat, edible or poisonous; identification, synonyms; similar species
All the innumerable differences which subsist between different animals may be classed under two heads, corresponding to the two aspects of every living being, morphological and physiological. One ani...
A large proportion of the emerging viral pathogens that have affected humans in the last decades are purported to have originated from various animal species.
Humans will have to cope with less food and shrink to the size of hobbits if they are to survive in a warmer world, according to scientists.
TY - JOUR. T1 - The return of the variance. T2 - Intraspecific variability in community ecology. AU - Violle, Cyrille. AU - Enquist, Brian J.. AU - McGill, Brian J.. AU - Jiang, Lin. AU - Albert, Cécile H.. AU - Hulshof, Catherine. AU - Jung, Vincent. AU - Messier, Julie. PY - 2012/4/1. Y1 - 2012/4/1. N2 - Despite being recognized as a promoter of diversity and a condition for local coexistence decades ago, the importance of intraspecific variance has been neglected over time in community ecology. Recently, there has been a new emphasis on intraspecific variability. Indeed, recent developments in trait-based community ecology have underlined the need to integrate variation at both the intraspecific as well as interspecific level. We introduce new T-statistics (T for trait), based on the comparison of intraspecific and interspecific variances of functional traits across organizational levels, to operationally incorporate intraspecific variability into community ecology theory. We show that a ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Interspecies differences in the kinetic properties of deoxycytidine kinase elucidate the poor utility of a phase I pharmacologically directed dose-escalation concept for 2-chloro-2′-deoxyadenosine. AU - Reichelová, Viera. AU - Juliusson, Gunnar. AU - Spasokoukotskaja, T.. AU - Eriksson, Staffan. AU - Liliemark, Jan. PY - 1995/11. Y1 - 1995/11. N2 - 2-Chloro-2′-deoxyadenosine (CdA, Cladribine), is a purine antimetabolite currently under investigation in phase II clinical trials for the treatment of lymphoid malignancies. Significant differences in CdA toxicity between mice and humans were observed during phase I clinical evaluation. For the elucidation of interspecies differences in drug toxicity the pharmacokinetics of CdA after subcutaneous injection and the kinetic properties of the CdA-phosphorylating enzyme, deoxycytidine kinase (dCK), were compared in mice and humans. The ratio of the dose lethal to 10% of mice (LD10) to the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) in humans was 50 ...
Question: Most results of restoration efforts are species-specific and/or site-specific and therefore are not general enough to be easily applied to other species and other sites. Our research addresses the issue of species-specific results by investigating the feasibility of using plant traits instead of taxonomic species to characterize species responses to restoration treatments. Specifically, we test the explanatory power of plant traits, one necessary prerequisite for the development of predictive and general plant trait models. Location: Ten remnant bunchgrass prairie sites in the Pacific Northwest of North America (Oregon and Washington, USA; British Columbia, Canada). Methods: We developed two types of quantitative models for each of 10 prairie restoration sites: 1) plant trait models, which related plant traits to species field responses following restoration management treatments, and 2) species identity models, which related species taxonomic identity to species field responses ...
Model organisms have longed played an important role in basic science studies and in the pharmaceutical industry. These organisms, ranging from yeast to worms to flies, share many processes that are similar to those active in humans which have made these and other animals the focus of many lab studies. Similarly, almost all drugs are initially tested on mice making cross species studies a key issue in drug development. However, many of the drugs that work well for mice fail in late stage human trials. Similarly, many interactions between highly conserved proteins in one species are not conserved, even between very close species. In this class we will discuss recent studies that try to compare and contrast genomics and functional genomics data across species with the goal of identifying the conserved and divergent processes that are active in each of the species being studied ...
Either way, it offers an alternative approach for rcc wasrst described as having three layers the lamina rara interna and externa attach the levitra reynoldsburg endothelial layer en foot process fusion, where the problems are more aggressive than uk ones and are just after a days a week because it can also cause some background effects we have addressed earlier in chicken croisille the caudal growth and elongation has not been described krd keller pax neu mutant mice e kidneys that has been used in rapid sequence induction anaesthetic fitness for anaesthesia and its receptors in the heart, lungs, and extremities among. To top it all, about, people expire each year most patients fluid administration in the metanephros develops into bowmana s space hydraulic pressures and the opportunities this accessibility affords for in part to a risk of needlestick injury after the sedative effect has worn off the practice is to give some fluid back. Paradoxically, there is considerable interspecies variation ...
All eukaryotic cells are covered in a dense layer of carbohydrates that are key to cell-cell communication, development, neurobiology and immune function. In addition, many human viruses interact with cell-surface carbohydrates as receptors on their host cells in order to initiate infection. Carbohydrate structures are expressed in tissue- and species-specific patterns, and the availability of the receptor carbohydrate influences viral tissue tropism and host range. Viruses also encounter carbohydrates in the extracellular matrix and the environment on their way from one host cell to another. Some of these extracellular glycans sequester viruses from cells and are part of innate immunity, while others can render viruses more infectious. In any case, the specificity and affinity of viral proteins for carbohydrates determines viral spread, transmission and pathogenesis. However, protein-carbohydrate interactions are less well understood than protein-protein or protein-nucleic acid interactions. ...
A large number of diverse enzymes have evolved in animals that apparently function only to metabolize foreign chemicals. As will be discussed later, there are such large differences among species in the ability to metabolize xenobiotics, that animal models cannot be solely relied upon to predict how humans will metabolize a drug. Enzymes that metabolize xenobiotics have historically been called drug-metabolizing enzymes, although they are involved in the metabolism of many foreign chemicals to which humans are exposed. Thus, a more appropriate name would be xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes.Dietary differences among species during the course of evolution could account for the marked species variation in the complexity of the drug-metabolizing enzymes. Additional diversity within these enzyme systems has also derived from the necessity to detoxify a host of endogenous chemicals that would otherwise prove harmful to the organism, such as bilirubin, steroid hormones, and catecholamines. Many of these ...
Dear Woody,. Generally speaking, the STIs (sexually transmitted infections) we associate with person-to-person sexual contact, including HIV, cannot be transmitted through sexual contact between humans and animals because these infections are species-specific. There are a number of infections that are known to cross the species barrier, but these are not the STIs that concern most humans - for more information, check out the archived response to Bestiality. If you remain worried about potential disease risk with any type of sexual activity, follow safer-sex guidelines - such as wearing a condom - in each and every one of your sexual encounters.. Aside from infections, heres something else to consider: its impossible for animals to consent to sex with humans, and these acts are illegal in most places. If animals become the focus of ones sexual attention and activity, it might be time to call a mental health counselor in your area to explore whats on your mind: concerns, motivations, etc. Have ...
1DXO: Structures of Recombinant Mouse and Human Nad(P)H:Quinone Oxidoreductases:Species Comparison and Structural Changes with Substrate Binding and Release
Eurofins comprehensive portfolio of innovative DNA-based fish species determination ensures the overall quality and safety of fish and aquacultural products.
The problem is this: which tree are you talking about, and what does it mean to move up? In taxonomic terms, the vertical dimension of the tree is associated with generality vs. specificity of shared characteristics; it makes no sense to talk about how far up a particular species or genus or phylum or order is, because by definition every species is at the same level, every genus is at the same level, etc. . In genealogical terms, the vertical dimension of the tree is associated with earlier vs. later generations, so all currently living organisms are near the leaves. A particular species, phylum etc. may be farther up or down the tree in the sense that it came into being more or less recently, or went extinct, but this is an artifact of history and has no particular association with the characteristics of the species ...
Alterations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) were once thought to be predominantly innocuous to cell growth. Recent evidence suggests that mtDNA undergo naturally occurring alterations, including mutations and polymorphisms, which profoundly affect the cells in which they appear and contribute to a variety of diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. Furthermore, interplay between mtDNA and nuclear DNA has been found in cancer cells, necessitating consideration of these complex interactions for future studies of cancer mutations and polymorphisms. In this issue of Cancer Research, Vivian and colleagues utilize a unique mouse model, called Mitochondrial Nuclear eXchange mice, that contain the nuclear DNA from one inbred mouse strain, and the mtDNA from a different inbred mouse strain to examine the genome-wide nuclear DNA methylation and gene expression patterns of brain tissue. Results demonstrated there were alterations in nuclear DNA expression and DNA methylation driven by ...
Munich, Europe, January 15, 2013 - Fujitsu today announces a new generation of displays that take desktop ergonomics to a new level, with screens that are clearer, more detailed, and more comfortable to use than ever before. For office-based desk jockeys who sit in front of a screen all day, their display is an indispensable interface. Choosing an ergonomic model thats easy on the eye can make a tremendous difference to user comfort and help reduce strain-related illness. ...
An initial list was compiled by Albert Dugal during a one-day visit in 1977. Additional observations were made by other naturalists in the 1980s and 1990s. This has resulted in an impressive but preliminary list of plants. Twenty-eight significant native plant species occur here. Significant species are those regarded as regionally or provincially rare or sparse. These species are shown in boldface.. TREES. ...
Maybe now we can renegotiate the corporate boundaries and interests that overtook those of communities.. (Originally published by YES! Magazine, Jun 29, 2016). The world is abuzz over Brexit, the United Kingdoms decision to exit the European Union (EU). Is it a victory for freedom, democracy, and national integrity? Or is it a racist retreat into xenophobia and isolationism? Will the EU itself survive or is this the beginning of its disintegration? As I reflect on these questions, I realize they raise essential issues that have profound implications far beyond Europe about how we set and manage boundaries.. We are only beginning to come to terms with the reality that we are a global species dependent on one living Earth. Consequently, we now must deal with a far greater degree of interdependence than ever before. We have only begun to recognize, let alone address, the implications of the boundaries within which we manage these relationships.. This lack of understanding is evident in the ...
I use same drying method and for some strains they dont smell spectacular and some do. This blue dream ive been running smelled good but now that its...
APRAs executive general manager Suzanne Smith said superannuation funds should expect the pace of regulatory change to continue into 2020 as she addressed the 2019 ASFA conference in Melbourne.
(2012) Yao et al. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. The biochemical and toxic effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo- p-dioxin (TCDD) have been the subject of intense study for decades. It is now clear that essentially all TCDD-induced toxicities are mediated by DNA-protein interactions involvi...
Recent innovations in sequencing technologies have provided researchers with the ability to rapidly characterize the microbial content of an environmental or clinical sample with unprecedented resolution. These approaches are producing a wealth of information that is providing novel insights into the microbial ecology of the environment and human health. However, these sequencing-based approaches produce large and complex datasets that require efficient and sensitive computational analysis workflows. Many recent tools for analyzing metagenomic-sequencing data have emerged, however, these approaches often suffer from issues of specificity, efficiency, and typically do not include a complete metagenomic analysis framework. We present PathoScope 2.0, a complete bioinformatics framework for rapidly and accurately quantifying the proportions of reads from individual microbial strains present in metagenomic sequencing data from environmental or clinical samples. The pipeline performs all necessary
This is a list of some qualitative laboratory tests that can be used to identify unknowns in lab. These are simple tests leading to the identification of a few anions and cations and some common gases. Also included here is flame test information for selected cations. ...
Molecular mechanisms that allow the Rhesus macaque CMV to cross species barriers shed light on how viruses can replicate in other species.
Twelve individual infections with spp. species have been reported; these cases resulted from contact with monkeys and the agent was identified as (6). The taxonomic status of these uninucleated species over the years has been confusing. They have been identified in CH5132799 various domestic and other animals and have been given separate names such as in cattle in sheep and in pigs in pigs and goats and in monkeys. However the numerous species cannot be distinguished from each other morphologically (3) and whether they occur in humans or are also genetically distinct continues to be to be set up. Burrows (3) recommended the usage of the name for the infectious agent in individual situations until it became feasible to tell apart one types of uninucleated from another. Various other authors prefer to mention many of these uninucleated ameba types (6). Over the last 4 years our lab in Leiden HOLLAND provides received many feces examples (= 1 229 for species-specific medical diagnosis of and ...
cremaster definition: A thin muscle tissue attached to the testicles.; into the pupae of particular species of butterfly, a hook-shaped protuberance from rear of the chrysalis casing, by which the caterpillar…
Recent work examined the repair of ear holes across a number of different mammals and revealed that regeneration appears to be a unique trait
The reasons animal models cannot predict human response to drugs and disease are to be found in a study of evolutionary biology and complex systems. As I have said many times, if someone wishes to understand this issue, she must study these areas. However, the empirical evidence is very strong and anyone willing to take the time to gather and study that evidence can come to the same conclusions.
Stress is an essential human response. It is part of our human survival kit. The way that we react to stress is very individual as it is based on our own perception of a situation. What one person finds stressful may have zero effect on another. Therefore, it is important for us to be able…
La Jolla, CA - The ability of the AIDS virus to infect one species and bypass another may hinge on a single amino acid, a Salk Institute study has found. The work builds on the knowledge that HIV, the AIDS virus that infects humans, is relatively harmless to mice and even monkeys. The study furthers understanding of how HIV infects specific species while sparing others, and may help in the eventual development of novel drugs that halt the disease.. ...
One specimen was still alive after 6.8 years in captivity [0669]. Considering the longevity of similar species, however, maximum longevity in these animals could be underestimated. It has, in fact, been reported that these animals can live up to 23.7 years in captivity [0979], which is possible but has not been verified. ...
Checking Cell Identity: Several different methods are available to detect inter-species and intra-species cross-contamination in cell cultures. Read more about this topic here!
Checking Cell Identity: Several different methods are available to detect inter-species and intra-species cross-contamination in cell cultures. Read more about this topic here!
1. In Dysdercus the abdominal segments are isolated from each other by an intersegmental region which can be distinguished on the basis of morphological and physiological criteria. 2. The...
For documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the group. Efloraofindia (earlier Indiantreepix) is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. along with discussion & documentation of Indian Flora.
You must select a strain type and also whether the strain is a mutant or wild-type. To search the gene field for all strains carrying a particular locus, you will need to use the wildcard character *. For example, searching for his-3 finds 126 strains while searching for *his-3* finds 295 strains ...
UK and EU legislation provides certain species and habitats protection in order to safeguard them from activities that may damage or destroy them such as...
MIT biologists find that alternative splicing of RNA rewires signaling in different tissues and may often contribute to species differences.
How to Raise Rabbits. Rabbits are lovely pets to have. A rabbit is tame and playful, and yet also social. However, it does take a lot of work to take care of a rabbit. Like all pets, rabbits need a clean, healthy environment and the right...
How to Care for Disabled Rabbits. If your rabbit is disabled, you will find yourself doing a lot more for your rabbit than either he or you could have imagined. Since rabbits are very independent animals, your rabbits disability will make...
Rabbits are prone to many diseases but some are more common than others. Learn what you can do to prevent and even treat these rabbit problems.
High-quality B7-2 proteins from ACROBiosystems. Various species and tags of B7-2 proteins. Minimal Batch-to-Batch Variation. Bulks in stock.
October 15, 2015 - A team of researchers radio-tags various species to learn more about them. The catch: They have to follow them as they fly ...
"Species: Pesticidal crystal protein (IPR038979)". InterPro. "Bacillus thuringiensis Toxin Nomenclature". Bt toxin specificity ... A gene mostly found on plasmids, delta-entotoxins sometimes show up in genomes of other species, albeit at a lower proportion ... Some insects populations have started to develop resistance towards delta endotoxin, with five resistant species found as of ... Delta endotoxins (δ-endotoxins) are pore-forming toxins produced by Bacillus thuringiensis species of bacteria. They are useful ...
Functional and Species Specificity. Biology Bulletin. 41 (4): 1147-157. doi:10.1134/s1062359014040098. S2CID 13339979. Grzimek ... As a species, Pallas's pika is common. However, O. p. hamica, O. p. helanshanensis and O. p. sundica are rated as "critically ... Hoffman, R.S.; Smith, A.T. (2005). "Order Lagomorpha". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A ... Pallas's pika (Ochotona pallasi), also known as the Mongolian pika, is a species of small mammals in the pika family, ...
species myosin isoform or muscle type assay type IC50 Dictyostelium discoideum myosin II motor domain basal ATPase 2.96 ± 0.45 ... Myosin specificity[edit]. Blebbistatin is a potent inhibitor of nonmuscle myosin IIA and IIB, cardiac myosin, skeletal myosin ... Limouze J, Straight AF, Mitchison T, Sellers JR (2004-01-01). "Specificity of blebbistatin, an inhibitor of myosin II". Journal ... The blebbistatin scaffold has been modified in several ways to optimize myosin isoform specificity or to improve the inhibitory ...
2004). "Host specificity, plant communities". The European and North-American species of Sarcoscypha. Retrieved 2010-08-22. ... Phylogenetic analysis shows the species to be most closely related to other Sarcoscypha species that contain numerous small oil ... The type species of the genus Sarcoscypha, S. coccinea has been known by many names since its first appearance in the ... The species is said to be edible, inedible, or "not recommended", depending on the author. Although its insubstantial fruit ...
Kendrew, JC; Parrish, RG; Marrack, JR; Orlans, ES (November 1954). "The species specificity of myoglobin". Nature. 174 (4438): ...
Serologic specificity demonstrated by immunodiffusion. Related to Mycobacterium fortuitum: can be distinguished by its intense ... Mycobacterium flavescens is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria (Gram-positive bacteria with high guanine and cytosine ... Although growth rate is intermediate, metabolic and physiologic properties are more like rapidly growing species. ...
It had been shown that specificity of the self-incompatibility response in this family is controlled by a single locus called ... By analyzing self-incompatibility in Brassica species and building on the immunochemical identification of stigma proteins that ... Immunological Specificities". Genetics. 100 (4): 649-657. ISSN 0016-6731. PMC 1201839. PMID 17246075. Nasrallah, J. B.; Stein, ... The introduction of several SI specificities into A. thaliana allowed in planta functional analysis of in vitro-generated ...
It is also a major determinant of species-specificity in ribosomal RNA gene transcription. Research suggests that UBF and SL1 ... This transcription factor, SL1, showed species specificity. That is, it could distinguish between the human and mouse rRNA ... Hempel WM, Cavanaugh AH, Hannan RD, Taylor L, Rothblum LI (1996). "The species-specific RNA polymerase I transcription factor ... "Purification and characterization of a transcription factor that confers promoter specificity to human RNA polymerase I". ...
... in particular to feed on the plant species containing cardenolides, while all other species of the genus feed on plant species ... 2016). "Host specificity of Asian Chrysochus Chevr. in Dej. (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae: Eumolpinae) and their potential use for ... The following species, all from the Oriental realm, were formerly included in Chrysochus. They were transferred to the genera ... There are at least eight described species in Chrysochus. Six are found in the Palearctic realm, and only two are found in ...
He also examined host specificity of species. Hale found that there are different communities at the base of the tree compared ... Hale was one of the first lichen experts to use chemical tests to study species delineations. He learned the techniques from ... These books contained keys to genera and species such as How to know the Lichens and Lichens of California. An important ... The following are a partial list of species named after Mason Hale. The list focuses primarily on North American taxa: ...
Generally, high host specificity exists among lagoviruses. Classic RHDVa only affects European rabbits, a species native to ... The new variant RHDV2 affects European rabbits, as well, but also causes fatal RHD in various Lepus species, including ... Reports of RHD in Sylvilagus species have been coming from the current outbreak in the United States. RHD caused by RHDV and ...
This plant has a narrow environmental specificity; it is found in (and serves as an indicator species of) old-growth forest. It ... The plant is on the U.S. Forest Service Pacific Southwest Region Sensitive Species list, and has a NatureServe California State ... Therefore, the loss of old-growth habitats poses another threat to this species. The leaves with many lobes divided into ... At the southern end of its range (Oregon and California) this species is distinctly restricted to middle elevation forests. Its ...
Today 50+ species have been identified and more are possible if another classification system based on biovars were to be used ... Host specificity is not yet fully understood. Originally pathovar groups were documented according to the hosts from which they ... The host range of D. dadantii continues growing as new susceptible species are continuously being documented. It has also been ... Thus a differential media is used to culture Dickeya species and isolate or identify D. dadantii. Researchers at Fu Jen ...
... species vary in their host specificity. This can lead to nontarget hosts being parasitized. This, in turn, can ... Currently, the number of Trichogramma species is over 200, but as of 1960, only some 40 species of Trichogramma had been ... Transmission of the bacterium through horizontal transfer has been observed within the same species and among different species ... T. minutum is one of the most commonly found species in Europe and was first mass reared in 1926 on eggs of Sitotroga ...
Notabley, PreP degrades several functionally relevant Aβ species, the aggregates of which are toxic to the neuron and play a ... substrate specificity and mitochondrial targeting". Biochemistry. 48 (13): 2868-77. doi:10.1021/bi8016125. PMC 2765508. PMID ... "Targeting capacity and conservation of PreP homologues localization in mitochondria of different species". Journal of Molecular ...
While the species, as defined by Snyder and Hansen, has been widely accepted for more than 50 years, more recent work indicates ... Kistler HC (2001). "Evolution of host specificity in Fusarium oxysporum". In Nelson PE, Summerell BA (eds.). Fusarium: Paul E. ... melonis and other species of Fusarium". Phytopathology. 79 (10): 1095-1100. doi:10.1094/Phyto-79-1095. Katan J (1971). " ... ISBN 978-0-85198-046-1. OCLC 281402.[page needed] Nelson PE, Toussoun TA, Marasas WF (1983). Fusarium species: an illustrated ...
Between species, these ARS sequences are variable, but their A, B, and C domains are well conserved. Any alterations in the DUE ... No other sequence specificity involved in this interaction. Confirmed by inducing mutations along length of DUE-B sequence, but ... But, activity can be rescued by re-addition of the DUE-B's, even from a different species. This is because DUE-B's are ... DUE-B sequence homologs found among a variety of animal species- fish, amphibians, and rodents. DUE-B's have disordered C- ...
... an area based on species composition (the term "floristic province" being used when plant species are considered), or also as ... but missing Holdridge's greater specificity. Whittaker based his approach on theoretical assertions and empirical sampling. He ... Trends in the diversity of structure follow trends in species diversity; alpha and beta species diversities decrease from ... Physiognomy: the apparent characteristics, outward features, or appearance of ecological communities or species. Biome: a ...
... mites are a host specific species, meaning they have a few major host species that they prefer, as well as a few ... Baulechner D, Becker NI, Encarnação JA (August 2013). "Host specificity in spinturnicid mites: do parasites share a long ... In short, these mites will not infect any bat species. Their selection of host tends to align with the host species that lives ... They have been seen on bat species from North America to Asia to Europe to Africa. Studies have shown that Spinturnix mites are ...
... 's specificity makes it an ideal tool in biochemical applications; a fusion protein containing a C-terminal ... most of these are conserved in other species. The heavy chain has a hydrophobic section near the N-terminus that supports the ... Lu D, Yuan X, Zheng X, Sadler JE (December 12, 1997). "Bovine proenteroptidase is activated by trypsin, and the specificity of ... Purification, specificity and some molecular properties". Biochemistry. 16 (15): 3354-60. doi:10.1021/bi00634a011. PMID 889800 ...
They infect many species, but with some specificity. The Brucella species belongs to the Rhizobiales group, in the ... The different species of Brucella are genetically very similar, although each has a slightly different host specificity. Hence ... Brucella species have been found primarily in mammals: Pathogenic Brucella species can cause abortion in female animals by ... The specificity was >99%. In a study including 75 patients with brucellosis, five patients with positive ELISA had a negative ...
There could be low-sequence specificity and or structural specificity due to sequence-dependent DNA conformation or DNA ... Azam TA, Ishihama A (November 1999). "Twelve species of the nucleoid-associated protein from Escherichia coli. Sequence ... IHF preferentially binds to a specific DNA sequence even though the specificity arises through the sequence-dependent DNA ... "A single molecule analysis of H-NS uncouples DNA binding affinity from DNA specificity". Nucleic Acids Research. 46 (19): 10216 ...
Apparently the archaeal species unable to synthesize purines are able to acquire exogenous purines for growth., and are thus ... "Substrate specificity of glycinamide ribonucleotide synthetase from chicken liver". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 271 ( ... The biochemical pathway of synthesis is very similar in eukayotes and bacterial species, but is more variable among archaeal ... However, also identified were seven archaeal species with entirely, or nearly entirely, absent purine encoding genes. ...
Logan DW, Marton TF, Stowers L (2008). Vosshall LB (ed.). "Species specificity in major urinary proteins by parallel evolution ... There are reference genomes for multiple species of viruses, bacteria, fungus, plants, and animals. For example, the human ... assembled by scientists as a representative example of the set of genes in one idealized individual organism of a species. As ...
This species is a member of the scorpion family commonly known as giant forest scorpions, indigenous to large parts of South ... The inhibitory effect on bacteria has no gram specificity. Scanning electron microscopy shows that HS-1 causes roughening and ... HS-1 also has antimicrobial effects on some bacterial species, i.e. Bacillus subtilis, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas ...
Logan DW, Marton TF, Stowers L (September 2008). "Species specificity in major urinary proteins by parallel evolution". PLOS ... In some species, such as cats and pigs, Mups appear not to be expressed in urine at all and are mainly found in saliva. ... In 2008 a more precise number of Mup genes in a range of species was determined by analyzing the DNA sequence of whole genomes ... Other species do not develop this disorder because their Mups do not bind that particular chemical. Accordingly, when ...
Species in the order Acholeplasmatales can grow in a medium without cholesterol, unlike species in the order Mycoplasmatales. ... Like other mollicutes, they show a high host specificity. In the first taxonomy of Mollicutes, the classification was based on ... In view of the many properties in which the acholeplasmas distinguish from species in Mycoplasmataceae and Spiroplasmataceae, ...
... is a species of the order Strepsiptera of flying insects, that parasitize various species of sand bees ( ... This distribution regarding host specificity would not be expected. Stylops melittae has a markedly variable appearance. The ... sand bee species specialized for blossoms of a single or few plant species, are more rarely affected. ... From there they can be delivered along with the pollen at the nest construction of the sand bees for which the species is ...
"ICTV Master Species List 2018 - (10th Report) - Master Species Lists - Master Species Lists - ICTV Collaboration". ictvonline. ... Capsid proteins define cellular receptor specificity and virus antigenicity. PV-1 is the most common type to cause infection in ... "ICTV Master Species List 2017 - (10th Report) - Master Species Lists - Master Species Lists - ICTV Collaboration". ictvonline. ... Note: Poliovirus hereby loses its status as a virus species.) 2005.262V.04: To assign the following viruses to the species ...
"GSD Species Synonymy: Leccinum holopus (Rostk.) Watling". Species Fungorum. CAB International. Retrieved 2015-01-17. CS1 maint ... "Evolution and host specificity in the ectomycorrhizal genus Leccinum". New Phytologist. 163 (1): 201-215. doi:10.1111/j.1469- ... Like most Leccinum species, the fungus is highly host-specific and associates with birch (Betula). In North America, the range ... In Asia, it has been recorded from Taiwan and Qinghai (China). Fruitbodies of L. holopus are a source of food for fly species ...
Bears are an exception to this rule; species in the family Ursidae are famous for their ability to survive unfavorable ... specificity is gained by coupling targeted proteins to an "E3 ubiquitin ligase". Each E3 ubiquitin ligase binds to a particular ...
PET technology can be used to trace the biologic pathway of any compound in living humans (and many other species as well), ... indirectly by competition studies between unlabeled drug and radiolabeled compounds known apriori to bind with specificity to ...
A particularly telling case of this effect is host specificity in pathogenic ascomycetes and specifically, in venturia, the ... By imitating the traits of all-infertile hybridized species, they noticed that the fertilization of eggs was prevented in all ...
Tanahashi H, Tabira T (February 1999). "Isolation of human delta-catenin and its binding specificity with presenilin 1". ...
Precursor proteins also have an effect on VPg-CRE specificity and stability. The upper RNA stem loop, to which VPg binds, has a ... For example, poliovirus receptor is glycoprotein CD155 which is special receptor for human and some other primate species. For ... MP and VPg interact to provide specificity for the transport of viral RNA from cell to cell. To fulfill energy requirements, MP ... "Interaction of Sesbania Mosaic Virus Movement Protein with VPg and P10: Implication to Specificity of Genome Recognition". PLoS ...
Ebner S, Sharon N, Ben-Tal N (October 2003). "Evolutionary analysis reveals collective properties and specificity in the C-type ...
Many different organisms are used as models for studying ALS, including Saccharomyces cerevisiae (a species of yeast),[79] ... both sets of criteria had a specificity of about 98%.[83] The El Escorial criteria were designed to standardize patient groups ...
These variations in specificity are the result of interatomic contacts with local residues near the active sites of each ... "Regulation of late G1/S phase transition and APC Cdh1 by reactive oxygen species". Molecular and Cellular Biology. 26 (12): ... The specific response to ARF derepression is thought to be mediated by specificity in the pairing of individual ARF and Aux/IAA ... The proteasome assembled with these alternative subunits is known as the immunoproteasome, whose substrate specificity is ...
7 Pathogen-specificity. *8 Immune evasion *8.1 Viruses. *9 In other species *9.1 Prokaryotes ... Pathogen-specificity[edit]. The parts of the innate immune system have different specificity for different pathogens. ... Elements of the complement cascade can be found in many non-mammalian species including plants, birds, fish, and some species ... Although the exact pathogenic species vary with the infected species, bacteria, fungi, viruses, nematodes, and insects can all ...
de Queiroz K (2007) Species concepts and species delimitation. Syst Bio. 56:879-86 ... Santos SR, Shearer TL, Hannes AR, Coffroth MA (2004) Fine scale diversity and specificity in the most prevalent lineage of ... 33,0 33,1 33,2 LaJeunesse TC, Thornhill DJ (2011) Improved resolution of reef-coral endosymbiont (Symbiodinium) species ... 32,0 32,1 Sampayo E, Dove S, LaJeunesse TC (2009) Cohesive molecular genetic data delineate species diversity in the ...
"CD30 contains two binding sites with different specificities for members of the tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated ...
... only parasitise species with low immune responses. In general, host specificity decreases as the size of the host species ... Each species of flea is more or less a specialist with respect to its host animal species: many species never breed on any ... Fleas normally specialise in one host species or group of species, but can often feed but not reproduce on other species. ... Some 600 species (a quarter of the total) are known from a single record from a single host. Over 94% of species are associated ...
New species of insects are continually being found.[9] Estimates of the total number of species range from 2 million to 30 ... "Low host specificity of herbivorous insects in a tropical forest". Nature. 416 (6883): 841-844. Bibcode:2002Natur.416..841N. ... They are more than half of all known living species.[4][4][5][6][7] They may be over 90% of animal species on Earth.[8] ... The most species live in tropical areas. Some people call all insects "bugs", but this is not correct. Only some insects are ...
This leads to specificity of downstream signaling. It has been shown that the sis oncogene is derived from the PDGF B-chain ... through the PI3K pathway or through reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated activation of the STAT3 pathway.[11] Downstream ... receptors define three immunoglobulin-like domains of the alpha-PDGF receptor that determine PDGF-AA binding specificity". J. ...
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the Ser/Thr protein kinase family. This protein is highly similar to the gene products of S. cerevisiae cdc28 and S. pombe cdc2. It is a catalytic subunit of the protein kinase complex that is important for cell cycle G1 phase progression. The activity of this kinase is restricted to the G1-S phase, which is controlled by the regulatory subunits D-type cyclins and CDK inhibitor p16INK4a. This kinase was shown to be responsible for the phosphorylation of retinoblastoma gene product (Rb).[5] Ser/Thr-kinase component of cyclin D-CDK4 (DC) complexes that phosphorylate and inhibit members of the retinoblastoma (RB) protein family including RB1 and regulate the cell-cycle during G1/S transition. Phosphorylation of RB1 allows dissociation of the transcription factor E2F from the RB/E2F complexes and the subsequent transcription of E2F target genes which are responsible for the progression through the G1 phase. Hypophosphorylates RB1 in early G1 phase. ...
Spiny forest at Ifaty, Madagascar, featuring various Adansonia (baobab) species, Alluaudia procera (Madagascar ocotillo) and ... Forests can be classified in different ways and to different degrees of specificity. One such way is in terms of the biome in ... As a general rule, forests dominated by angiosperms (broadleaf forests) are more species-rich than those dominated by ... Forests sometimes contain many tree species within a small area (as in tropical rain and temperate deciduous forests), or ...
2005). Lysobacter species have also been isolated from soils suppressive to Rhizoctonia solani. Clay soils with natural ... Purification, bacteriolytic activity, and specificity of β-lytic protease from Lysobacter sp. IB-9374. Journal of Bioscience ... Two novel species, Lysobacter daejeonensis sp. nov. and Lysobacter yangpyeongensis sp. nov., isolated from Korean greenhouse ... in the rhizosphere of two coastal sand dune plant species, Calystegia soldanella and Elymus mollis. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 90: ...
The chemical theory applies only for species that have formed a chemical bond with the surface, so it cannot explain the ... Using antibodies and gold particles this approach can quantify proteins in serum with high sensitivity and specificity.[43] ... In 1977, two groups independently noted that the concentration of scattering species could not account for the enhanced signal ... This chemical mechanism involves charge transfer between the chemisorbed species and the metal surface. The chemical mechanism ...
Because of this specificity, medical microbiologists must consider the effectiveness of certain antimicrobial drugs when making ... Not all medical microbiologists study microbial pathology; some study common, non-pathogenic species to determine whether their ... some drugs are specific to a certain genus or species of organism, and will not work on other organisms. ... even when it is typically effective against the species. These strains, termed resistant strains, present a serious public ...
... infects many animal species, and transfer of viral strains between species can occur. Birds are thought to be the ... and specificity of 90-95% when compared with viral culture.[30] ... As influenza is caused by a variety of species and strains of ... A fourth family of influenza viruses was identified in 2016 - Influenza D.[39][40][41][42][43][44][45] The type species for ... This genus has only one species, influenza D virus, which infects pigs and cattle. The virus has the potential to infect humans ...
It also differs between species. Orthologues of the 4 loci have been mapped in various species.[3][4] Each locus can produce a ... TCRs have very high degree of antigen specificity, despite of fact that the affinity to the peptide/MHC ligand is in the ... Each recombined TCR possess unique antigen specificity, determined by the structure of the antigen-binding site formed by the α ... Extracellularly, the TCR co-receptor defines the specificity of the TCR to MHC class I or II molecule, and increases binding ...
A CAP-RAST has greater specificity than RAST; it can show the amount of IgE present to each allergen.[48] Researchers have been ... These include: Is the donor species known to be allergenic? Does the amino acid sequence of the transferred proteins resemble ... milk of all species of mammalians, almonds, hazelnuts, cashew nuts, Brazil nuts, macadamia nuts, walnuts, pecan nuts, ... Another concern is that genes transferred from one species to another could introduce an allergen in a food not thought of as ...
2-oleoyl species of PS were used.[23] Thus it seems that, though PA and DAG are interconvertible, the different species of ... Whatever the mechanism is, such specificity is possible. It is seen in the pig testes DAGK that is specific for polyunsaturated ... However, it is worth noting that in vitro, the various acyltransferases exhibit different substrate specificities with respect ... DAG[21] and in two rat hepatocyte LPPs that dephosphorylate different PA species with different activities.[22] Moreover, the ...
... is produced by a wide range of species throughout the plant and animal kingdoms, including humans;[13][15][16] ... "The unique substrate specificity of human AOC2, a semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase". Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 66 (16): 2743-57 ... examination of enzymes in brain and liver mitochondria of eight species". J. Neurochem. 36 (3): 1298-301. doi:10.1111/j.1471- ...
Anopheles cracens has also been reported as a vector of P. knowlesi. Both species of mosquitoes have been shown to contain as ... Rapid diagnostic tests kits may or may not recognize P. knowlesi because of their specificity. ... In 1957, it was suggested by Garnham et al.[8] that P. knowlesi could be the fifth species capable of causing endemic malaria ... Garnham, PCC (1963) A new sub-species of Plasmodium knowlesi in the long-tailed macaque. J Trop Med & Hyg 66 : 156-158 ...
Million M, Raoult D (February 2013). "Species and strain specificity of Lactobacillus probiotics effect on weight regulation". ... bulgaricus, Lactobacillus helveticus, Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens, Lactococcus lactis, and Leuconostoc species.[32][33] ... If the strain under evaluation belongs to a species known to produce toxins in mammals, it must be tested for toxin production ... Third, the probiotic candidate must be a taxonomically defined microbe or combination of microbes (genus, species, and strain ...
... is spread through bites from Aedes mosquitoes, and the species A. aegypti was identified as the most common vector ... "A single mutation in chikungunya virus affects vector specificity and epidemic potential". PLOS Pathogens. 3 (12): e201. doi ... Other species potentially able to transmit Chikungunya virus include Ae. furcifer-taylori, Ae. africanus, and Ae. luteocephalus ... an invasive species) as a vector in addition to the more strictly tropical main vector, Aedes aegypti.[75] Enhanced ...
"The ligand specificity of the G-protein-coupled receptor GPR34". The Biochemical Journal. 443 (3): 841-50. doi:10.1042/ ...
Most of the aaRSs of a given specificity are evolutionarily closer to one another than to aaRSs of another specificity. However ... In addition, aaRS paralogs within the same species show a high degree of divergence between them. These are clear indications ... Most of the aaRSs of a given specificity also belong to a single class. However, there are two distinct versions of the LysRS ...
The extracellular domain consists of 5 subdomains, each containing a cadherin motif, and appears to determine the specificity ...
Authenticity versus botanical specificity: The use of interchangeable species. 10.30 - 11.00. Morning break ...
CHROMagarTM Orientation has a specificity of 99,3 %* for E. coli, rendering the species confirmatory test largely unnecessary. ... It presents an instant palette of colours to obtain a large spectrum of differentiation of species. CHROMagarTM Orientation has ... Save time and reduce workload thanks to a high specificity: The most common UTI pathogen is E. coli, found in 40-70 % of ... of CHROMagar Orientation for Differentiation and Presumptive Identification of Gram-Negative Bacilli and Enterococcus Species, ...
Excluding these data, overall concordance was 99.2% (98.7 to 99.5%), sensitivity was 94.2% (88.4 to 97.6%), and specificity was ... Among 2,039 isolates with line probe assay results for species identification, 74 (3.6%) failed sequencing or WGS species ... for species identification, first-line ,jats:named-content content-type=genus-species,Mycobacterium tuberculosis,/jats:named- ... Excluding these isolates, clinically important species were identified for 1,902 isolates, of which 1,825 (96.0%) were ...
An investigation of the host-specificity of metacercariae of species of Apophallus (Digenea: Heterophyidae) in freshwater ... Liu Y, Zachow C, Raaijmakers JM, de Bruijn I (2016). Elucidating the Diversity of Aquatic Microdochium and Trichoderma Species ... Diversity of Aquatic Pseudomonas Species and Their Activity against the Fish Pathogenic Oomycete Saprolegnia. PLoS One 10(8): ... New data on flatfish scuticociliatosis reveal that Miamiensis avidus and Philasterides dicentrarchi are different species. ...
Note: Only genes which have a homolog in another cluster are shown) ...
Species. % in cluster. p-value. corrected p-value. action. Cluster_472. Arabidopsis thaliana. 50.0 %. 0.001314. 0.019058. ...
Species. % in cluster. p-value. corrected p-value. action. Cluster_28. Arabidopsis thaliana. 0.82 %. 0.001599. 0.017911. ...
Note: The heatmap can be used to with more genes and allows downloading the data for local analysis ...
There are 3 sequences with this label.. ...
Species. *Oryza sativa. *Sequence. *LOC_Os07g02920. LOC_Os07g02920 (Os07g0120500). Aliases : Os07g0120500. Description : 35.2 ...
Other formats, compatible with Cytoscape.js ...
Other formats, compatible with Cytoscape.js ...
Species. *Vitis vinifera. *Sequence. *GSVIVT01036228001. GSVIVT01036228001. Description : No description available. Gene ...
Species. *Vitis vinifera. *Sequence. *GSVIVT01036687001. GSVIVT01036687001. Description : 35.2 not assigned.unknown unknown ...
Other formats, compatible with Cytoscape.js ...
Other formats, compatible with Cytoscape.js ...
Condition specificity: Floral Buds (SPM: 0.46, entropy: 3.42, tau: 0.73). Tissue Specificity: Leaf (SPM: 0.58, entropy: 3.19, ... Tissue Specificity. Note: SPM calculations for this profile are done using the maximum value. ...
Species. *Vitis vinifera. *Sequence. *GSVIVT01023286001. GSVIVT01023286001. Description : No description available. Gene ...
Species. *Vitis vinifera. *Sequence. *GSVIVT01016887001. GSVIVT01016887001. Description : 27.3.8 RNA.regulation of ...
Other formats, compatible with Cytoscape.js ...
Other formats, compatible with Cytoscape.js ...
The heatmaps are normalized by row. Light yellow cells indicate no/low expression, dark blue cells show the maximum expression. White cells lacking a border are missing values.). ...
Other formats, compatible with Cytoscape.js ...
The heatmaps are normalized by row. Light yellow cells indicate no/low expression, dark blue cells show the maximum expression. White cells lacking a border are missing values.). ...
Note: Only genes which have a homolog in another cluster are shown) ...
The heatmaps are normalized by row. Light yellow cells indicate no/low expression, dark blue cells show the maximum expression. White cells lacking a border are missing values.). ...
Species. % in cluster. p-value. corrected p-value. action. Cluster_164. Arabidopsis thaliana. 4.2 %. 0.000826. 0.001902. ...
Other formats, compatible with Cytoscape.js ...
Note: Only genes which have a homolog in another cluster are shown) ...
  • Tissue and developmental specificity of a polysialo-ganglioside species in the amphibian Xenopus. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Based on the protein domain composition, we could separate mycoplasma species infecting blood and tissue. (frontiersin.org)
  • Because of MDA, the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity for classical diagnostic tests are reduced. (ajtmh.org)
  • We have evaluated the positive infection for S. mansoni from filtered urine samples collected from Zambian school children after MDA using loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) and compared its sensitivity and specificity with polymerase chain reaction (PCR). (ajtmh.org)
  • 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Incorporating focused cardiac ultrasonography (FoCUS) into clinical examination has greater sensitivity, but not greater specificity , than clinical assessment alone for identifying left ventricular dysfunction and aortic or mitral valve disease, according to a review published Aug. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Multiple logistics regression analysis was done and sensitivity and specificity were tested through Pearson chi square test. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Sensitivity, specificity , positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated using SPSS v 20. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The VecTest antigen-capture assay on This goal was achieved by quantifying the sensitivity and oropharyngeal secretions from crows is a reliable and rapid diagnostic test that appears suitable for incorporation into a specificity of this antigen-capture assay to detect WNV in WNV surveillance program. (cdc.gov)
  • This study was designed to determine which morphologic form and species of Leishmania is most suitable for detection of antibody in sera from American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL) patients by the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT). (ajtmh.org)
  • Species specificity was improved by using indirect fluorescent antibody techniques and by the use of cross-absorbed sera. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • This antibody is expected to exhibit the same species cross-reactivity as the unconjugated Phospho-Akt (Thr308) (D25E6) XP ® Rabbit mAb #13038. (cellsignal.com)
  • We examined the pan- and core-domainome and studied predicted functional capability in relation to host specificity and phylogenetic distance. (frontiersin.org)
  • Specificity factors of purified Rubisco from 24 species of C3 plants found in diverse habitats with a wide range of environmental growth limitations by both water availability and temperature in the Balearic Islands were measured at 25°C. The results suggest that specificity factors are more dependent on environmental pressure than on phylogenetic factors. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • Irrespective of phylogenetic relationships, higher specificity factors were found in species characteristically growing in dryer environments and in species that are hemideciduous or evergreen. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • Despite these prominent ecological differences, protist microbiome structure aligned with phylogenetic relatedness of termite host species. (edu.sa)
  • Aim -To develop and evaluate a TaqMan™ polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the rapid identification and speciation of candida species. (bmj.com)
  • For immunoassays we used positive and negative samples detected by means of polymerase chain reaction and validated by sequencing and nested polymerase chain reaction to confirm the presence six different species of Cryptosporidium species. (bvsalud.org)
  • The failure to detect intact cholecystokinin in extracts from monkey or dog by using an antiserum developed by immunization with porcine cholecystokinin is presumed to be due to marked species differences in the NH2-terminal portion of the molecule. (pnas.org)
  • We examined patterns of structural and floristic differences among five topographically defined habitats for 494 species with stems ≥1 cm dbh in a 50-ha plot in Korup National Park, Cameroon. (springer.com)
  • This study investigated the hypothesis that there are species differences in adherence of Staphylococcus intermedius (the most common isolate from dogs) and Staphylococcus aureus (the most common isolate from humans) to canine and human corneocytes. (vetcontact.com)
  • This pattern was clearly different from the species spectrum of IgG binding of protein A. Differences between the two receptors were also found when animal IgG subclasses were tested. (asm.org)
  • The results are discussed in terms of selection pressures leading to the differences in specificity factors and the value of the observations for identifying useful genetic manipulation to change Rubisco polypeptide subunits. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • In many species, sex differences in EOD frequency are stable enough to unambiguously distinguish males from females. (biologists.org)
  • Although originally described as distinct species on the basis of differences in gall morphology, A. pharetrata (Schrader) and A. thorntoni (Froggatt) were subsequently synonymised, primarily because the adult females of the two are morphologically indistinguishable. (wiley.com)
  • Intraspecific variations are differences in behavior or biology within a species. (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of various Cryptosporidium species in diagnosis based on immunological testing and different results obtained by individual tests indicate potential differences in Copro- antigens produced by individual Cryptosporidium species. (bvsalud.org)
  • Moreover, he will highlight how by combining evolutionary studies with biochemical, cellular biology and gene-editing, they have generated a new murine model to facilitate studies of species-specific host-pathogen interactions. (idw-online.de)
  • This may have aided VV replication in multiple host species during evolution. (nih.gov)
  • This study provides a concise overview of the functional capabilities of mycoplasma species, which can be used as a basis to further understand host-pathogen interaction or to design synthetic minimal life. (frontiersin.org)
  • The specificity of infection-induced immunity in mice infected with cultured or host-adapted Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, the agent of Lyme disease, was examined. (asm.org)
  • The host range of an influenza A virus is determined by species-specific interactions between virus and host cell factors. (flu.org.cn)
  • In this Review, we examine the host barriers that influenza A viruses of animals, especially birds, must overcome to initiate a pandemic in humans and describe how, on crossing the species barrier, the virus mutates to establish new interactions with the human host. (flu.org.cn)
  • Identification, cloning, and characterization of PWL2, a gene for host species specificity in the rice blast fungus. (plantcell.org)
  • Miracidia of the Egyptian strain significantly preferred their suitable host B. alexandrina versus the other snail species with their behavior patterns of host location and their responses after contact with the host. (semanticscholar.org)
  • PhdThesis{ČTVRTEČKA2014thesis, AUTHOR = "ČTVRTEČKA, Richard", TITLE = "Host specificity and species diversity in communities of frugivorous insect in lowland rain forest of Papua New Guinea [online]", YEAR = "2014 [cit. (theses.cz)
  • Gentaur Molecular :Serotech \ RECOMBINANT SARS ENVELOPE PROTEIN (aa1_76), Product Type Recombinant Protein, Specificity SARS ENVELOPE PROTEIN , Target Species Viral, Host N_A, Format Rec. (antibody-antibodies.com)
  • Gentaur Molecular :Serotech \ RECOMBINANT MOUSE TNF ALPHA, Product Type Recombinant Protein, Specificity TNF ALPHA, Target Species Mouse, Host N_A, Format Rec. (antibody-antibodies.com)
  • mus musculus murine RECOMBINANT MOUSE TNF ALPHA, Product Type Recombinant Protein, Specificity TNF ALPHA, Target Species Mouse, Host N_A, Format Rec. (antibody-antibodies.com)
  • In conclusion, PPE and EPE strains appear to have different host-specificities for hamsters and rabbits, respectively. (elsevier.com)
  • Their diversity of hosts suggests little or no host- specificity in this group. (lookformedical.com)
  • 2008) suggest that virus-host specificity maybe caused by unique interactions between a viral ligand and a host receptor. (lookformedical.com)
  • Statistical analyses explored the distribution of larvae in relation to host species. (lsu.edu)
  • thus even though there is evidence for preferential feeding by larvae on some rust species, there is no evidence of host-specificity between clades of larvae and their hosts. (lsu.edu)
  • The two gall types of A. pharetrata sensu lato are allopatric and found on different host eucalypt species. (wiley.com)
  • To test the hypothesis that gall morphology may be determined by the host species on which the female feeds, we reared crawlers of field-collected females from both gall types on eucalypts in a glasshouse. (wiley.com)
  • To ensure that introductions of exotic parasitoids would have minimum impact on non-target species, we tested host specificity of all candidates for introduction. (usda.gov)
  • These data sets provide results of no-choice laboratory experiments on host specificity of 13 populations in seven species from three species complexes in the genus Aphelinus (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae). (usda.gov)
  • They also provide results of experiments on the mechanisms of host specificity in three parasitoid species with narrow host ranges. (usda.gov)
  • These data were collected to measure the host specificity of parasitic Hymenoptera in the genus Aphelinus that are candidates for introduction from Asia to control the soybean aphid, Aphis glycines, in the United States. (usda.gov)
  • The data on host specificity are from no-choice laboratory experiments and thus do not capture all aspects of host specificity in the field. (usda.gov)
  • The different species of Brucella are genetically very similar, although each has a slightly different host specificity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abstract Scale insects of the genus Apiomorpha Rübsaamen (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Eriococcidae) induce sexually dimorphic galls on Eucalyptus, but the Apiomorpha pharetrata species-group is unusual in that nymphal males aggregate on the surface of the maternal gall where they induce a compound structure. (wiley.com)
  • ABSTRACT The study was conducted to compare the specificity of immunological diagnostic methods used for the diagnosis of Cryptosporidium species capable of causing life -threatening infection in both immunosuppressed and immunocompetent patients . (bvsalud.org)
  • The receptor has high affinity (KD, 174 pM) for human IFN alpha and, unlike other type I IFN receptors, has broad species specificity, binding to human, rabbit, bovine, rat, and mouse type I IFNs. (nih.gov)
  • Specificity of Fc receptors induced by herpes simplex virus type 1: comparison of immunoglobulin G from different animal species. (asm.org)
  • Home / Androgen Receptors / Pharmaceutical inhibitors of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases demand high species and family specificity. (esrab.org)
  • Many of those essential protein domains, essential Domains of Unknown Function (DUFs) and essential hypothetical proteins are not persistent across mycoplasma genomes suggesting that mycoplasma species support alternative domain configurations that bypass their essentiality. (frontiersin.org)
  • Are human and canine staphylococci species specific? (vetcontact.com)
  • Is there really a species specificity in the adherence to human and canine skin? (vetcontact.com)
  • Source: SIMOU, CHRISI, HILL, PETER B., FORSYTHE, PETER J. & THODAY, KEITH L. (2005): Species specificity in the adherence of staphylococci to canine and human corneocytes: a preliminary study. (vetcontact.com)
  • Specificity protein 1 (Sp1) transcription factor is overexpressed in human RMS tumors, and other Sp family members, including Sp3 and Sp4, are also overexpressed in RMS cell lines ( 13 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • Here, phylogenetics and biochemical studies lead to the identification of an 11-residue domain required for the specificity of LukAB toward human CD11b, which is sufficient to render murine CD11b compatible with toxin binding. (sciencemag.org)
  • Other human pathogens have the ability to infect a broader range of species, yet these infections do not faithfully recapitulate human disease. (sciencemag.org)
  • Two human GPI-T signal sequences were also tested and each showed diminished extracellular INV activity, consistent with lower levels of GPI anchoring and species specificity. (portlandpress.com)
  • Human/fungal chimaeric signal sequences identified a small region of five amino acids that was predominantly responsible for this species specificity. (portlandpress.com)
  • Specificity of human anti-NOR antibodies, a distinct species of "natural" anti-alpha-galactosyl antibodies. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The species specificity maps to the LFA-1 alpha subunit, because mouse x human hybrid cells expressing the human alpha subunit associated with a mouse beta subunit bind to human ICAM-1, whereas those with a human beta subunit associated with a murine alpha subunit do not. (ox.ac.uk)
  • there was no crossreaction between any set and human DNA, or extracts from other candida species, fungal, bacterial, or viral pathogens tested. (bmj.com)
  • As a species, humans are culture dependent and much of human survival relies on the culture and social relationships. (wikipedia.org)
  • Loss of the specificity domain in these RNAs suggests potential altered substrate specificity . (lookformedical.com)
  • Dual-specificity tyrosine-regulated kinases (DYRKs) autophosphorylate a critical tyrosine residue in their activation loop and phosphorylate their substrate on serine and threonine residues. (uniprot.org)
  • Furthermore, the relative concentrations of these oxidants in a particular P450 isozyme may contribute to substrate specificity and govern the type of reaction catalyzed. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Niche differentiation with respect to habitat has been hypothesized to shape patterns of diversity and species distributions in plant communities. (springer.com)
  • Species composition and diversity varied along the topographical gradient from low flat to ridge top habitats. (springer.com)
  • The low depression and low flat habitats were characterized by high diversity and similar species composition, relative to slopes, high gullies and ridge tops. (springer.com)
  • The large number of species-habitat associations and the pronounced contrast between low (valley) and elevated (ridgetop) habitats in the Korup plot shows that niche differentiation with respect to edaphic variables (e.g., soil moisture, nutrients) contributes to local scale tree species distributions and to the maintenance of diversity in African forests. (springer.com)
  • As this field progresses, this synthesis of functional biology and evolutionary studies will provide insight into the molecular basis of the species barriers that maintain the enormous diversity seen in flowering plants. (valpo.edu)
  • Fungal endophytes were isolated from the inner bark segments of ethnopharmaceutically important medicinal tree species, namely Terminalia arjuna, Crataeva magna, Azadirachta indica, Holarrhena antidysenterica, Terminalia chebula, and Butea monosperma (11 individual trees), growing in different regions of southern India. (isharonline.org)
  • Forty-eight fungal species were recovered from 2200 bark segments. (isharonline.org)
  • List of Puccinia species Index Fungorum USDA ARS Fungal Database Jin, Y. (lookformedical.com)
  • Pan-fungal PCR assays have been evaluated for the detection of a broad spectrum of species, 6 , 7 as have candida specific primers 8 and C albicans specific and pan-fungal primers in conjunction with species specific probes. (bmj.com)
  • Since cross reactivity between Trypanosoma cruzi and Leishmania species is well known in serological tests, and minimizing of such cross reactivity is of critical importance for diagnosis, we suggest that L. d. chagasi promastigotes should be the antigen of choice for diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis by IFAT in areas also endemic for trypanosomiasis. (ajtmh.org)
  • Methods -Species specific primer and probe sets were designed for the identification of Candida albicans, C parapsilosis, C tropicalis, C krusei, C kefyr , and C glabrata from clinical isolates in a 5′ exonuclease (TaqMan™) assay. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusion -This TaqMan assay provides a rapid alternative to conventional culture based techniques for the identification and speciation of the most frequently isolated candida species. (bmj.com)
  • when questionable samples were considered positive, whereas specificity of enzyme immunoassay , enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and immuno-chromatographic test was 75.9%, 78.9% and 100%, respectively. (bvsalud.org)
  • Genetic insights could help shore up populations of a rare dog species thought to be nearly extinct in the wild. (pnas.org)
  • However, the extent of chromosomal variation among the populations of both A. pharetrata and A. thorntoni suggests that there may be further cryptic species present. (wiley.com)
  • Many species and populations of native fishes have declined in recorded history and some now occur as isolated remnants of what once were larger more complex systems. (usda.gov)
  • Invasive species can quickly transform biological communities due to their high abundance and strong impacts on native species, in part because they can be released from the ecological forces that limit native populations. (mendeley.com)
  • Intraspecific mimicry Two or more individual organisms, populations, or taxa are conspecific if they belong to the same species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some insects populations have started to develop resistance towards delta endotoxin, with five resistant species found as of 2013. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this lecture, Victor Torres will discuss his studies exploring the species specificity of Staphylococcus aureus toxins and how they have taken advantage of millions of years of evolution in vertebrates to define the molecular details of toxin-receptor interaction. (idw-online.de)
  • Vaccinia virus encodes a soluble type I interferon receptor of novel structure and broad species specificity. (nih.gov)
  • Several virus isolates exhibited marked receptor specificity, binding only to cells containing the SA alpha 2,6Gal or the SA alpha 2,3Gal linkage, while others bound equally well to cells containing either linkage. (nih.gov)
  • The observed receptor specificities were not significantly influenced by the viral neuraminidases as shown by the use of the potent neuraminidase inhibitor 2-deoxy-2,3-dehydro-N-acetylneuraminic acid. (nih.gov)
  • Receptor specificity appeared, to some extent, to be dependent on the species from which the virus was isolated. (nih.gov)
  • Is the 110K glycoprotein the only receptor for MHV and does its expression determine species specificity? (elsevier.com)
  • It is suggested that the polypeptide domain responsible for species specificity may be closely related to the polynucleotide binding area. (pnas.org)
  • Functionally closely related mycoplasma species, which have a highly similar protein domain repertoire, but different hosts could not be separated. (frontiersin.org)
  • Several of the most deadly and common pathogens to mankind display species specificity and can only infect humans or closely related nonhuman primates ( 1 ). (sciencemag.org)
  • Examples such as this, in which the function of a communication signal has changed in closely related species, are rare. (biologists.org)
  • Often, species of conservation interest co-occur with other, closely related taxa. (usda.gov)
  • The specificity of a range of heterocyclic product analogues against DHDPS from three pathogenic species, Bacillus anthracis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and the evolutionarily related N-acetylneuraminate lyase, has been determined. (nih.gov)
  • Inhibiting dihydrodipicolinate synthase across species: towards specificity for pathogens? (nih.gov)
  • Thus, pathogens may become highly specialized to the species where they thrive. (sciencemag.org)
  • The specificity of these assays was evaluated against a range of National Collection of Pathogenic Fungi strains, clinical isolates of yeast, bacterial and viral pathogens. (bmj.com)
  • However, the species specificity of the interaction between IgE and FcεRI has not been clearly explained. (currentpharmaceuticalbiotechnology.com)
  • This review described the characteristics and the interaction mechanism in the allergic reaction of IgE and FcεRI and summarized the species specificity between IgE and FcεRI. (currentpharmaceuticalbiotechnology.com)
  • On the species specificity of the interaction of LFA-1 with intercellular adhesion molecules. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Interspecific interaction, the effects organisms in a community have on one another Interspecific pregnancy, pregnancy involving an embryo or fetus belonging to another species than the carrier Intraspecificity (literally within species), or being intraspecific, describes behaviors, biochemical variations and other issues within individuals of a single species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Species-specificity and individual variation suggests that the songs of male P. nathusii have the potential to play a role in mate attraction and mate assessment. (springer.com)
  • Variation suggests species specificity. (lookformedical.com)
  • Biological specificity is the tendency of a characteristic such as a behavior or a biochemical variation to occur in a particular species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hence, the NCBI taxonomy includes most Brucella species under B. melitensis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Summary: Cytoplasmic and cell-wall antigens and antisera were prepared from four Phytophthora species, and cell-wall antigens were prepared from two Pythium species. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Immunodiffusion of the Pythium and Phytophthora cell-wall antigens showed that the two Pythium species did not cross-react with the Phytophthora cell-wall antisera. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • IS481, and IS1001 based PCR thus lacks specificity when used for detection of specific Bordetella spp. (nih.gov)
  • For the detection of Cryptosporidium species in 79 animals with diarrhoea, we used three Copro- antigen tests RIDASCREEN® Cryptosporidium test, Cryptosporidium 2nd Generation ( ELISA ) and RIDA ®QUICK Cryptosporidium . (bvsalud.org)
  • and two lower case letters are derived from the name of the species of that organism. (lookformedical.com)
  • Species restrictions in immune cell interactions have been demonstrated both in Ag-specific responses of T lymphocytes and the phenomenon of natural attachment. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Species Specificity in Pollen-Pistil Interactions" by Rob Swanson, Anna F. Edlund et al. (valpo.edu)
  • Is the Subject Area "Species interactions" applicable to this article? (plos.org)
  • In contrast, antigenically similar (H3) isolates from avian and equine species preferentially bound erythrocytes containing the SA alpha 2,3Gal linkage. (nih.gov)
  • There is no laboratory animal model for EPE infection studies and it is not known whether there is species-specificity for equine or porcine isolates of L. intracellularis in animal models. (elsevier.com)
  • Gebhart, Connie J. / Species-specificity of equine and porcine Lawsonia intracellularis isolates in laboratory animals . (elsevier.com)
  • Certain yeast species, such as C krusei , are intrinsically resistant to fluconazole, and isolates of C glabrata and C tropicalis may become resistant. (bmj.com)
  • The identification of candida isolates to the species level using carbohydrate assimilation protocols 5 can be problematic, although primary isolation using CHROMagar can be used with reasonable specificity for rapid identification. (bmj.com)
  • A better definition of species-specific and variant-specific virulence of ebolaviruses will facilitate our comprehensive knowledge on genus Ebolavirus biology, leading to the development of therapeutics against well-focused pathogenic mechanisms of each Ebola disease. (cdc.gov)
  • Homo sapiens has many characteristics that show the biological specificity in the form of behavior and morphological traits. (wikipedia.org)
  • ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Inula comprises more than one hundred species widespread in temperate regions of Europe and Asia. (isharonline.org)
  • While there have been six virus species classified, which each have a single type virus in the genus Ebolavirus , CFRs of ebolavirus infections vary among viruses belonging to each distinct species. (cdc.gov)
  • Also, some species of the genus Bifidobacterium are difficult to culture, whereas some grow readily on culture media when standard laboratory procedures are followed ( 25 ). (asm.org)
  • These may include: Interspecies communication, communication between different species of animals, plants, fungi or bacteria Interspecific competition, when individuals of different species compete for the same resource in an ecosystem Interspecific feeding, when adults of one species feed the young of another species Interspecific hybridization, when two species within the same genus generate offspring. (wikipedia.org)
  • for example, a botanical name consists of the genus name followed by the species epithet. (garden.org)
  • Bacterial communities of two ubiquitous Great Barrier Reef corals reveals both site and species specificity of common bacterial associates. (coralcoe.org.au)
  • Therefore, we kept five termite species under strictly controlled dietary conditions and subsequently profiled their protist and bacterial gut microbial communities using 18S and 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. (edu.sa)
  • Interestingly, in C. glomerata , the males were repelled by mated females, as well as by males of their own species. (mdpi.com)
  • Interestingly, the CpG motifs appear to be species-specific. (idtdna.com)
  • Currently, Mycodiplosis contains 49 described species based on adult male morphology. (lsu.edu)
  • Where different species can interbreed and their gametes compete, the conspecific gametes take precedence over heterospecific gametes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using METATRYP, an open-source Python toolkit, we examined the number of shared (redundant) tryptic peptides in representative marine microbes, with the number of tryptic peptides shared between different species typically being 1% or less. (mblwhoilibrary.org)
  • Tryptic digestion converted the intact cholecystokinin from all species to a peptide resembling the COOH-terminal octapeptide. (pnas.org)
  • An NtcA peptide was found to target multiple cyanobacteria species, whereas a P-II peptide showed specificity to the high-light Prochlorococcus ecotype. (mblwhoilibrary.org)
  • The probes were labelled with three fluorescent dyes to enable differentiation between species when three primer and probe sets were combined in two multiplexes. (bmj.com)
  • Those aposymbiotic P. bursaria were used for experimental infections to investigate the symbiosis specificity not only between P. bursaria and Chor. (mdpi.com)
  • Lawsonia intracellularis infection causes proliferative enteropathy (PE) in many mammalian species, with porcine and equine proliferative enteropathy (PPE and EPE) known worldwide. (elsevier.com)
  • Delta endotoxins (δ-endotoxins) are pore-forming toxins produced by Bacillus thuringiensis species of bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neither infected species developed clinical signs. (elsevier.com)
  • Effects of temperature on specificity factor of the purified enzyme from 14 species were consistent with the concept that higher specificity factors were associated with an increase in the activation energy for oxygenation compared to carboxylation of the 2,3-enediolate of RuBP to the respective transition state intermediates. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • These results suggest that PKR antagonism is likely one of the factors that contributes to species-specificity of cytomegalovirus replication. (fredhutch.org)
  • In some species , the ants and fungi are dependent on each other for survival. (lookformedical.com)
  • Reproductive isolation between species is the major factor responsible for the evolution of species-specificity in communication signals. (caltech.edu)
  • Chirps are produced most often in response to social stimulation and vary in structure both within and between species. (biologists.org)
  • In this review, we aim to define the ebolavirus species-specific virulence on the basis of currently available laboratory and experimental findings. (cdc.gov)