Fusarium: A mitosporic Hypocreales fungal genus, various species of which are important parasitic pathogens of plants and a variety of vertebrates. Teleomorphs include GIBBERELLA.Trichothecenes: Usually 12,13-epoxytrichothecenes, produced by Fusaria, Stachybotrys, Trichoderma and other fungi, and some higher plants. They may contaminate food or feed grains, induce emesis and hemorrhage in lungs and brain, and damage bone marrow due to protein and DNA synthesis inhibition.Mycotoxins: Toxic compounds produced by FUNGI.Fusariosis: OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS with the soil fungus FUSARIUM. Typically the infection is limited to the nail plate (ONYCHOMYCOSIS). The infection can however become systemic especially in an IMMUNOCOMPROMISED HOST (e.g., NEUTROPENIA) and results in cutaneous and subcutaneous lesions, fever, KERATITIS, and pulmonary infections.Zearalenone: (S-(E))-3,4,5,6,8,10-Hexahydro-14,16-dihydroxy-3-methyl-1H-2-benzoxacyclotetradecin-1,7(8H)-dione. One of a group of compounds known under the general designation of resorcylic acid lactones. Cis, trans, dextro and levo forms have been isolated from the fungus Gibberella zeae (formerly Fusarium graminearum). They have estrogenic activity, cause toxicity in livestock as feed contaminant, and have been used as anabolic or estrogen substitutes.Plant Diseases: Diseases of plants.Fumonisins: A group of MYCOTOXINS found in CORN contaminated with FUSARIUM fungus. They are chains of about 20 carbons with acidic ester, acetylamino and sometimes other substituents. They inhibit ceramide synthetase conversion of SPHINGOLIPIDS to CERAMIDES.Gibberella: A genus of ascomycetous fungi of the family Hypocreaceae, order Hypocreales including several pathogens of grains and cereals. It is also the source of plant growth regulators such as gibberellin and gibberellic acid.T-2 Toxin: A potent mycotoxin produced in feedstuffs by several species of the genus FUSARIUM. It elicits a severe inflammatory reaction in animals and has teratogenic effects.Eye Infections, Fungal: Infection by a variety of fungi, usually through four possible mechanisms: superficial infection producing conjunctivitis, keratitis, or lacrimal obstruction; extension of infection from neighboring structures - skin, paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx; direct introduction during surgery or accidental penetrating trauma; or via the blood or lymphatic routes in patients with underlying mycoses.Triticum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Maize streak virus: The type species of genus Mastrevirus, family GEMINIVIRIDAE.Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Fusaric Acid: A picolinic acid derivative isolated from various Fusarium species. It has been proposed for a variety of therapeutic applications but is primarily used as a research tool. Its mechanisms of action are poorly understood. It probably inhibits DOPAMINE BETA-HYDROXYLASE, the enzyme that converts dopamine to norepinephrine. It may also have other actions, including the inhibition of cell proliferation and DNA synthesis.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Cereals: Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Spores, Fungal: Reproductive bodies produced by fungi.Gene Expression Regulation, Plant: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.Cicer: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE known for the edible beans.Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.DNA, Fungal: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of fungi.Zea mays: A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.Keratitis: Inflammation of the cornea.Zein: A group of alcohol-soluble seed storage proteins from the endosperm of corn.Musa: A plant genus of the family Musaceae, order Zingiberales, subclass Zingiberidae, class Liliopsida.Antifungal Agents: Substances that destroy fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce. They differ from FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL because they defend against fungi present in human or animal tissues.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Disease Resistance: The capacity of an organism to defend itself against pathological processes or the agents of those processes. This most often involves innate immunity whereby the organism responds to pathogens in a generic way. The term disease resistance is used most frequently when referring to plants.Fungal Proteins: Proteins found in any species of fungus.Pest Control, Biological: Use of naturally-occuring or genetically-engineered organisms to reduce or eliminate populations of pests.Genome, Plant: The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.SesquiterpenesAspergillus: A genus of mitosporic fungi containing about 100 species and eleven different teleomorphs in the family Trichocomaceae.CyclobutanesOryza sativa: Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Biological Control Agents: Organisms, biological agents, or biologically-derived agents used strategically for their positive or adverse effect on the physiology and/or reproductive health of other organisms.Mycotoxicosis: Poisoning caused by the ingestion of mycotoxins (toxins of fungal origin).Fungicides, Industrial: Chemicals that kill or inhibit the growth of fungi in agricultural applications, on wood, plastics, or other materials, in swimming pools, etc.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Mycelium: The body of a fungus which is made up of HYPHAE.Contact Lens Solutions: Sterile solutions used to clean and disinfect contact lenses.Mitosporic Fungi: A large and heterogenous group of fungi whose common characteristic is the absence of a sexual state. Many of the pathogenic fungi in humans belong to this group.Hordeum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The EDIBLE GRAIN, barley, is widely used as food.Chromosomes, Plant: Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.Lycopersicon esculentum: A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.Hyphae: Microscopic threadlike filaments in FUNGI that are filled with a layer of protoplasm. Collectively, the hyphae make up the MYCELIUM.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The genus includes a number of economically important plant pathogenic species. Fusarium graminearum commonly infects barley if ... The genome of this wheat and maize pathogen has been sequenced. F. graminearum can also cause root rot and seedling blight. The ... Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium verticillioides, Fusarium proliferatum and, rarely, other fusarial species. Fusarium venenatum is ... FAO 2014 Fusarium Comparative Database Asan, A. (2011). "Checklist of Fusarium Species Reported from Turkey" (PDF). Mycotaxon. ...
... is the most commonly reported fungal species infecting maize (Zea mays). Fusarium verticillioides is ... The species has also been described as mating population A of the Fusarium fujikuroi species complex (formally known as ... Gibberella fujikuroi species complex). F. verticllioides produces the mutagenic chemical compound fusarin C. The name Fusarium ... the accepted of the species, which was also known as Fusarium moniliforme. ...
All sugar cane species interbreed and the major commercial cultivars are complex hybrids. Sugarcane belongs to the grass family ... Numerous pathogens infect sugarcane, such as sugarcane grassy shoot disease caused by Phytoplasma, whiptail disease or ... Viral diseases affecting sugarcane include sugarcane mosaic virus, maize streak virus, and sugarcane yellow leaf virus. Some ... sugarcane smut, pokkah boeng caused by Fusarium moniliforme, Xanthomonas axonopodis bacteria causes Gumming Disease, and red ...
Fusarium graminearum, Fusarium verticilliodes, and Fusarium oxysprorum are maize and tomato pathogens that produce fumonisin ... irregular distribution of genetic elements in a variety of species, similar genes shared among species within a specific ... The ability for fungi to infect other organisms provides this possible pathway. A fungus-plant pathway has been demonstrated in ... In Fusarium, a nonpathogenic strain was experimentally converted into a pathogen and could have contributed to pathogen ...
... is caused by several species of Fusarium fungi, belonging to the Ascomycota. The most common species ... In wheat, Fusarium infects the head (hence the name "Fusarium head blight") and causes the kernels to shrivel up and become ... Maize has been associated with especially high risk. Reduced soil tillage can also increase the risk of FEB. The amount of crop ... One mycotoxin can be produced by several Fusarium species, and one species can produce several mycotoxins. Important Fusarium ...
... the fungus may infect other plant species without causing any disease symptoms. Maize In Gibberella stalk rot, the leaves on ... Residues can provide an overwintering medium for Fusarium species to cause Fusarium head blight. As a result, the chances of ... The fungus causes fusarium head blight on wheat, barley, and other grass species, as well as ear rot on corn. The primary ... If it is necessary to replant seeds that were harvested from a Fusarium head blight infected field, then the seeds should be ...
Cereals infected with Fusarium graminearum contain mycotoxins like deoxynivalenol (DON), which can lead to skin and mucous ... In lichenized species, the thallus of the fungus defines the shape of the symbiotic colony. Some dimorphic species, such as ... A disease of maize (Zea mays), which is especially prevalent in North America, is brought about by Cochliobolus heterostrophus ... Many species live on dead plant material such as leaves, twigs, or logs. Several species colonize plants, animals, or other ...
Phytophthora species remain in the soil, as spores, and in infected plant tissue, as mycelia, so absent control measures ( ... In maize (corn, Zea mays) by Sclerotium rolfsii, In papaya by Calonectria, In pines by both Phytophthora and Diplodia pinastri ... by Fusarium subgutinans, In coffee plants (Coffea) by Gibberella stilboides, In dogwoods (genus Cornus) by Phytophthora ... Collar rot is most often observed in seedings grown in infected soil. The pathogens that cause collar rot may be species or ...
Historically, there have been cases of epidemics in which the species infected cultivars of maize and sugarcane and decimated ... such as a species of Pythium, Helminthosporium, or Fusarium. At the same time, when a section of the infected plant is ... Experiments have shown that of twenty-six species, only three species that can be infected by P. philippinensis show little ... reveals cryptic species and genetically distinct species parasitic to maize. European Journal of Plant Pathology 130:521-528. ...
Entomopathogenic fungi infect and kill insects, including a variety of pest species, so they have been investigated as possible ... The range of types of fungi involved is also wide, including Ascomycetes such as Fusarium causing wilt, Basidiomycetes such as ... and as with the monocultured crop of maize (corn) in the USA in 1970, where over a billion dollars' worth of production was ... Some species such as the fly agaric and psilocybin mushrooms are used for the psychoactive drugs that they contain. These are ...
Molecular Identification of Fusarium Species inGibberella fujikuroi Species Complex from Rice, Sugarcane and Maize from ... Infected seed is also a source of innoculum; conidia will germinate when planted. Infected seeds are the main way the disease ... Additionally, infected spores can be spread during harvesting. Thus, it is important to quarantine the infected seeds. There ... sugarcane and maize are also susceptible. In all infected plants, similar symptoms have been found, though rice has been most ...
The Fusarium genus as a whole includes species that cause several crop diseases, including ear rot in maize, and head blight in ... in parts of what was then the USSR were thought to have occurred via the ingestion of Fusarium-infected millet. ATA has a ... have made the identification of Fusarium species a far more precise process. Today, species of Fusarium can be identified ... Fusarium head blight is caused by the release of mycotoxins from Fusarium species, which damage wheat kernels or spikelets. The ...
The disease is one of the most important fungal disease on wheat and the fungal pathogen is found to infect in all parts of the ... International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center. Retrieved 4 December 2014. Gamba, Fernanda M.; Strelkov, Stephen E.; Lamari, ... and grains can have a reddish appearance similar to the pathogen Fusarium. P. tritici-repentis survives and overwinters as ... but are less frequently affected.Other grass species effected by the pathogen include Siberian wheat grass, sand bluestem, ...
The "Fusarium" species usually work through phytotoxins that help them to conquer O. aegyptica 's defenses and establish ... Reducing spread of infected soil by farm machinery, avoidance of grazing on infected plants, and staying away from the use of ... Trap crops promote the germination of O. aegyptiaca seeds, but do not allow parasitism; these include flax, mung bean, maize, ... Some plant species have been reported as being hosts for O. aegyptiaca that, in reality, are not hosts. Because the physical ...
Adejumo TO, Hettwer U, Karlovsky P (May 2007). "Occurrence of Fusarium species and trichothecenes in Nigerian maize". Int. J. ... Bouts of vomiting can be repeated with an extended delay in between, because even if infected food was eliminated from the ... The toxins are usually found in molded maize, wheat, corn, peanuts and rice, or animal feed of hay and straw. Four ... "More contaminated maize meal products withdrawn from sale". Food Standards Agency. Retrieved August 12, 2007. "20th Australian ...
Datura yellow vein virus Eggplant mottled dwarf virus Maize fine streak virus Maize Iranian mosaic virus Maize mosaic virus ... Emerging Infect. Dis.. 2004;10(1):8-13. doi:10.3201/eid1001.030279. PMID 15078590. Mayo MA. Developments in plant virus ... siliculosus virus 1 Ectocarpus siliculosus virus a Feldmannia irregularis virus a Feldmannia species virus Feldmannia species ... Aspergillus ochraceous virus Discula destructiva virus 1 Discula destructiva virus 2 Fusarium solani virus 1 Gremmeniella ...
Other important basidiomycetes include the maize pathogen Ustilago maydis, human commensal species of the genus Malassezia, and ... Fusarium, and Claviceps. Many ascomycete species have only been observed undergoing asexual reproduction (called anamorphic ... C. neoformans usually infects the lungs, where it is phagocytosed by alveolar macrophages. Some C. neoformans can survive ... The biological species concept discriminates species based on their ability to mate. The application of molecular tools, such ...
Bassam, Nasir El (2010). Handbook of Bioenergy Crops: A Complete Reference to Species, Development and Applications. Earthscan ... Numerous pathogens infect sugarcane, such as sugarcane grassy shoot disease caused by Phytoplasma, whiptail disease or ... Viral diseases affecting sugarcane include sugarcane mosaic virus, maize streak virus, and sugarcane yellow leaf virus. ... sugarcane smut, pokkah boeng caused by Fusarium moniliforme, Xanthomonas axonopodis bacteria causes Gumming Disease, and red ...
Roux, Jolanda; Van Wyk, M.; Hatting, H.; Wingfield, M.J. (2004). "Ceratocystis species infecting stem wounds on Eucalyptus ... Petriella setifera was originally found on horse feces in 1912, but has since been linked to decayed wood, compost and maize ... acetate extracts from the fungus show activity against fungal pathogens of plants including Magnaporthe grisea and Fusarium ... However, all species in the genus have not been fully analyzed for pathology. The fungus is known to have antifungal properties ...
"Fusarium infection in maize: Volatile induction of infected and neighboring uninfected plants has the potential to attract a ... In Europe, where the species is native, scientists have experimented with several pesticides. In one experiment, four ... found that mortality of O. melanopus on Cry3Bb1 transgenic maize was double that of the wild type. Many transgenic plants seek ... to Bt maize-expressed Cry3Bb1 and Cry1Ab" (6): 203-211. Buntin, G.D.; Flanders, K.L.; Slaughter, R.W.; DeLamar, Z.D. (2004). " ...
In nature, it is often found alongside the fruits it infects, making species within the Citrus genus its main ecosystem. It is ... However, the latter displays an increased ability to detect Fusarium species when compared to the latex agglutination assay. ... These include hazelnuts, pistachio nuts, kola nuts, black olives, rice, maize and meats. Low levels have also been noted in ... Pathogenicity of P. digitatum is suggested to rely on the acidification of the infected fruit. During fruit decay, this species ...
Over 47 species have been identified in pillows. Flooding in houses causes a unique opportunity for mold growth which may be ... Kankolongo M, Hell K, Nawa I (June 2009). "Assessment for fungal, mycotoxin and insect spoilage in maize stored for human ... Nucci M, Anaissie E (October 2007). "Fusarium infections in immunocompromised patients". Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 20 (4): 695-704 ... Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 8 (8): 957-64. doi:10.1586/eri.10.72. PMID 20695750. Simicic S, Matos T, "Microbiological ...
The name of a wheat species from one information source may not be the name of a wheat species in another. Within a species, ... Impact of moisture, host genetics and Fusarium graminearum isolates on Fusarium head blight development and trichothecene ... Heterosis or hybrid vigor (as in the familiar F1 hybrids of maize) occurs in common (hexaploid) wheat, but it is difficult to ... A wide range of organisms infect wheat, of which the most important are viruses and fungi. The main wheat-disease categories ...
Among the thousands of species of plant pathogenic microorganisms, only a small minority have the capacity to infect a broad ... especially in maize and cotton, and are planted annually on over 20 million hectares in over 20 countries worldwide (see also ... world's first mass-cultivated banana cultivar Gros Michel was lost in the 1920s to Panama disease caused by the fungus Fusarium ... Non-host plant species are often said to express non-host resistance. The term host resistance is used when a pathogen species ...
In species of Lepidoptea, sex is determined through the ZW sex-determination system where males are homozygous ZZ and females ... It is a pest of grain, particularly corn (maize or Zea mays). The insect is native to Europe, originally infesting varieties of ... The tunneling done by European corn borers makes it easier for F. graminearum to infect corn stalks and increases the amount of ... corn borers on corn crops and the damage caused by them increases the likelihood of stalk rot caused by the pathogen Fusarium ...
Over 47 species have been identified in pillows.[52]. FloodingEdit. Flooding in houses causes a unique opportunity for mold ... Fusarium, Geotrichum, Mortierella, Mucor, Neurospora, Paecilomyces, Penicillium, and Rhizopus.[44] Grain crops in particular ... Kankolongo M, Hell K, Nawa I (June 2009). "Assessment for fungal, mycotoxin and insect spoilage in maize stored for human ... Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 8 (8): 957-64. doi:10.1586/eri.10.72. PMID 20695750.. ...
Fusarium verticillioides is the most commonly reported fungal species infecting maize (Zea mays). Fusarium verticillioides is ... The species has also been described as mating population A of the Fusarium fujikuroi species complex (formally known as ... Gibberella fujikuroi species complex). F. verticllioides produces the mutagenic chemical compound fusarin C. The name Fusarium ... the accepted of the species, which was also known as Fusarium moniliforme. ...
The genus includes a number of economically important plant pathogenic species. Fusarium graminearum commonly infects barley if ... The genome of this wheat and maize pathogen has been sequenced. F. graminearum can also cause root rot and seedling blight. The ... Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium verticillioides, Fusarium proliferatum and, rarely, other fusarial species. Fusarium venenatum is ... FAO 2014 Fusarium Comparative Database Asan, A. (2011). "Checklist of Fusarium Species Reported from Turkey" (PDF). Mycotaxon. ...
This method was applied to single kernel analysis of Fusarium infected maize, where we quantified nine Fusarium metabolites and ... three metabolites from unexpected contaminations by Alternaria and Penicillium species. Retrospective analysis of this data set ... application to single kernel mycotoxin analysis of Fusarium graminearum infected maize.. Renaud, J.B. and Sumarah, M.W. (2016 ... application to single kernel mycotoxin analysis of Fusarium graminearum infected maize., Analytical and Bioanalytical ...
The method was applied to evaluate the ability of the maize pathogen Fusarium verticillioides to produce 8-O-methylbostrycoidin ... The quantitative nature of the LC-MS/MS experiment was demonstrated over a range of concentrations in maize. Limits of ... including maize. A technique was developed for the analysis of 8-O-methylbostrycoidin by high performance liquid chromatography ... and susceptibility of the method to matrix effects from maize was also evaluated. ...
Fusarium solani, Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium infection Fusarium. [fu-sa´re-um] a genus of fungi; some species are plant ... Fusarium acuminatum, Fusarium culmorum, Fusarium equiseti. on maize crop causes inappetence, food rejection, diarrhea and ... Any of various pathogenic fungi of the genus Fusarium, chiefly inhabiting temperate climates and infecting both plants and ... a few species such as Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium solani, and Fusarium moniliforme can produce corneal ulcers; some species ...
Some Fusarium species cause maize ear rot leading to significant yield losses and, for some Fusarium species, potential risk of ... The same fungus was re-isolated from the infected kernels using the method described above. F. andiyazi are the major pathogens ... In 2013, a survey was conducted to determine the population composition of Fusarium species on maize in Dongyang, Zhejiang ... Also, the new species must be considered in the development of maize cultivars with broad-based resistance to the pathogens. ...
The fungus Fusarium moniliforme occurs in both the humid temperate and tropical zones of the world where it is a major parasite ... Root-, stalk-, and ear-infecting Fusarium species on corn in the USA, In: Fusarium: Diseases, Biology and Taxonomy, pp.94-103 ( ... isolates from southen african maize. Fd. Cosmet. Toxicol., 19, 447-456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Marasas, W.F.O., Nelson, P.E., and Toussoun, T.A. (1984). Toxiaenic Fusarium Species, pp. 1-328, The Pennsylvania State ...
Aqueous extracts gave almost as potent effects as the ethyl acetate extracts against the Aspergillus and Fusarium strains, and ... with MIC values of 250 µg/mL against Nattrassia mangiferae and Fusarium verticillioides, and 500 µg/mL against Aspergillus ... Fusarium verticilloides and some other Fusarium species infect maize ears (husks) causing maize ear rot disease and contaminate ... mycotoxins are toxic [17,18], and fumonisin has been found to cause cancer in mammalians [19]. Another species of Fusarium, F. ...
Fusarium verticillioides, F. graminearum, and F. proliferatum were the predominant species infecting maize kernels in 2006, ... Fusarium species and mycotoxin profiles on commercial maize hybrids in Germany. Author(s). Görtz, A.; Zühlke, S.; Spiteller, M. ... that fumonisins-producing species already present in German maize production may become more important. Keywords Deoxynivalenol ... Abstract High year-to-year variability in the incidence of Fusarium spp. and mycotoxin contamination was observed in a two-year ...
Feng Zhang Fusarium is a genus of filamentous fungi that includes species that cause devastating diseases in major staple crops ... such as wheat, maize, rice, and barley, resulting in severe yield losses and mycotoxin contamination of infected grains. ... periodically cross species barriers and infect humans. The likelihood that an AIV will evolve mammalian transmissibility ... Molecular dating and viral load growth rates suggested that the eclipse phase lasted about a week in HIV-1 infected adults in ...
The percentage of kernels infected by F. verticillioides ranged from 33 to 99%, supporting the idea that fumonisin ... Occurrence of Fusarium species in maize kernels grown in northwestern Spain. Authors: Aguín, Olga; Cao Caamaño, Ana ; Pintos- ... The objectives of the present study were to monitor the occurrence of Fusarium species in maize kernels in northwestern Spain ... Fusarium poses food and feed safety problems because most species produce mycotoxins. To understand the epidemiology of the ...
Ideally, if fusarium infected wheat could be spotted visually, testing might be unnecessary, saving time and money.. To that ... Maize leaves behind a lot of plant material that can be heavily laced with fusarium and is a big inoculum source for a ... Unless that ear infection is controlled by a T3 spray fusarium species produce mycotoxins and typical pink grain symptoms. They ... It showed that the important mycotoxin, deoxynivalenol or DON, in fusarium infected grain was cut to only 17% after the land ...
Abundance and species richness of leafhoppers and planthoppers (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae and Delphacidae) in Brazilian maize ... Effect of nitrogen sources on the composting of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) by-products infected by fusarium oxysporum f.sp ... We speculate that the observed differences in abundance and species richness of the Delphacidae and, mainly, Cicadellidae ... Biocontrol activity of different species of pseudomonas against phytopathogenic fungi invivo and invitro conditions ...
Application to single kernel mycotoxin analysis of Fusarium graminearum infected maize, 408(12), 3083-3091. http://dx.doi.org/ ... Tellenbach, C., Sumarah, M.W., Grünig, C.R., Miller, J.D. (2013). Inhibition of Phytophthora species by secondary metabolites ... Fifteen new species of Penicillium, 36(JUNE), 247-280. http://dx.doi.org/10.3767/003158516X691627 ... Evidence for a conifer-understory species endophyte ecology, 11 107-113. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.funeco.2014.05.004 ...
Fusarium verticillioides was the dominant Fusarium species in maize collected in Limpopo and Zululand and F.subglutinans was ... the dominant species in the Eastern Cape and Mpumalanga provinces (Table 1). Less than 5% of all maize kernels were infected by ... and contamination with fumonisins. Fusariumverticillioides was the most common Fusarium species in maize followed by F. ... Quantitative detection of fumonisin-producing Fusarium spp.. Maize samples were analysed for Fusarium spp. that produce ...
... a survey was conducted to determine the population composition of Fusarium species on maize ears in Jilin Province. Symptomatic ... Kochs postulates were fulfilled by re-isolating the same fungus from the infected seeds. Although F. temperatum was reported ... In China, several diseases of maize (Zea mays L.) including ear rot are caused by Fusarium spp., leading to significant yield ... Therefore, we should pay more attention to the new species in this region and consider them in the development of maize ...
The second group is restricted to the plant pathogens and is active with malonyl-CoA in Fusarium species infecting cereals. The ... Jul, 2006 , Pubmed ID: 16848565 The fungus Fusarium verticillioides infects maize and produces fumonisins. The purpose of this ... All Fusarium-infected kernels analyzed from 9 random lowland locations in 2001 were infected with fumonisin-producing Fusarium ... Apr, 2007 , Pubmed ID: 17381121 The fungus Fusarium verticillioides infects maize and produces fumonisins, inhibitors of ...
Some of these fungi are plant diseases such as the Fusarium maize ear rots and cereal head blight fungi that are responsible ... in the shoots of some grass species or Claviceps fungi infecting grass and cereal grains, both producing the mycotoxins ergots ... Those same fungi are able to infect more than just the grains, commonly producing mycotoxins in the stems and leaves of maize, ... Fusarium spp. White mycelium potentially producing pink or purple color. The major occurence is in corn, grass and grain silage ...
... graminearum species specific genes and provides the first complete genome assembly for a Sordariomycetes species. This fully ... Here we present the completed genome sequence and annotation of the reference strain PH-1 of Fusarium graminearum, the causal ... Accurate genome assembly and gene model annotation are critical for comparative species and gene functional analyses. ... Ongoing comparative analysis between and within Fusarium species is important to food security due to their role in infecting ...
... incited by Fusarium graminearum Schwabe is one of the most devastating diseases of wheat. Primary inoculum generated on crop ... Ocamb C (1991) Ecology of soilborne Fusarium species associated with roots and the rhizosphere of Zea mays. Ph.D. Thesis, ... Sutton J (1982) Epidemiology of wheat head blight and maize ear rot caused by Fusarium graminearum. Can J Plant Pathol 4:175- ... Garrett S (1970) Pathogenic root-infecting fungi. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 294Google Scholar ...
Whenever environmental conditions are favourable, fungal species such as Fusarium verticillioides, Fusarium graminearum sensu ... Aspergillus flavus and Stenocarpella maydis frequently infect the ears of maize, reducing yield and grain quality. Of greater ... Infertility or unwanted traits may be present in wild relatives or other species of maize, and therefore locally adapted ... could provide effective means of controlling preharvest ear rot diseases and mycotoxin accumulation in maize. Maize cultivars ...
This crop is a regular host of toxigenic fungi infecting the ears, which can cause ... ... Introduction Maize is one of the most important cereals in the world. ... 1] mentioned 19 Fusarium spp. of maize in Europe. However, the most important species in most regions are F. graminearum, F. ... A New Concept to Secure Food Safety Standards against Fusarium Species and Aspergillus Flavus and Their Toxins in Maize. ...
zeae and Fusarium species in storage.. Cultural control. o Management of infected crop debris will reduce the amount of disease ... to be seedborne or to infect other species, P. maydis could be transported on fresh or dry maize leaves. or husks, or products ... o Where the crop is infected systemically with Fusarium species, application of fungicide early in. the season can limit ear ... The maize cultivar Golden Bantam is a suitable indicator host. All. characterized isolates of MSV infect this maize genotype ...
1998) New Fusarium species and combinations within the Gibberella fujikuroi species complex. Mycologia 90:434-458. ... pini(mating population H); lane 1, F. subglutinans from maize; lane 2, F. subglutinans from pineapple (F. subglutinans f. sp. ... This fungus can be spread by both infected seedlings and seed (1, 28). The management ofF. subglutinans f. sp. pini would be ... 1996) Isozyme variation among biological species in the Gibberella fujikuroi species complex (Fusarium section Liseola). Appl. ...
Toxine Inductie en eiwitextractie uit Fusarium Spp. Cultures for Proteoom Studies ... 2016 , Pubmed ID: 27092107 Fusarium species, particularly Fusarium graminearum and F. culmorum, are the main cause of ... Trichothecenes are isoprenoid mycotoxins produced in wheat infected with the filamentous fungus Fusarium graminearum. Some ... A trend was found for maize as the preceding crop (p = 0.084, Tukeys test) to predict the amount of DON in the fields. This is ...
  • This method was applied to single kernel analysis of Fusarium infected maize, where we quantified nine Fusarium metabolites and three metabolites from unexpected contaminations by Alternaria and Penicillium species. (gc.ca)
  • Fifteen new species of Penicillium , 36(JUNE), 247-280. (gc.ca)
  • The results showed that a total of eight endophytic fungi were isolated from purslane (collected from Hohhot, Inner Mongolia, China), and they belonged to the genera Penicillium (isolates K, N, P, M and I), Chaetomium (isolate J), Fusarium (isolate H) and Petriella (isolate O). Moreover, the growth of purslane was significantly influenced by its endophytic fungi. (scirp.org)
  • Zearalenone (ZEN) is an estrogenic mycotoxin that is reported to cause reproductive abnormalities in all animal species. (mercola.com)
  • Zearalenone (ZEN) is a well-characterized Fusarium toxin. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • EXPLANATION Zearalenone is a non-steroidal estrogenic mycotoxin produced by several Fusarium spp. (inchem.org)
  • 1996). Zearalenone was found in 30% of 2271 maize samples collected in Buenos Aires and Santa Fe provinces of Argentina in 1983-94, at an average concentration of 165 g/kg (yearly variation, 46-300 g/kg) and a maximum of 2000 g/kg (Resnik et al. (inchem.org)
  • CLO/PXG -like genes have been retained in many pathogenic or parasitic fungi that have undergone considerable genomic and structural simplification, indicating that they have important functions in these species. (springer.com)
  • It detects nine viruses, including eight RNA viruses and one DNA virus, in infected rice plants and the viruliferous vector insects. (weatherbird.net)
  • Nine viruses are detected within 2 h from infected rice plants and the viruliferous insects. (weatherbird.net)
  • Four hundred and forty three samples under import could not be salvaged including Glycine max from USA infected with downy mildew ( Peronospora manshurica ), Papaver somniferum from Germany and UK infected with Dendriphion penicillatum and Oryza sativa from China and USA infected with rice bunt ( Tilletia barklayana ) were rejected and incinerated. (nbpgr.ernet.in)
  • Globally, pitch canker fungus (Fusarium circinatum) poses a serious threat to the softwood forest industry. (ukzn.ac.za)
  • Those produce spores that given the right conditions can infect the next cereal causing foot rot. (fwi.co.uk)
  • Maize plants are the natural host of this fungus where it causes stalk rot and seeding malformation under temperate and humid climatic conditions. (springer.com)
  • This study has identified 741 F. graminearum species specific genes and provides the first complete genome assembly for a Sordariomycetes species. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The analyses of these two genes sequences support a novel opportunist with the designation Fusarium temperatum . (springer.com)
  • The obligate lifestyle of the powdery mildews suggested that the species had lost some autotrophic genes and the authors further cataloged a set of ~100 genes which are missing in the mildews but are found in the core ascomycete genomes. (fungalgenomes.org)
  • CLO/PXG -like genes are distributed across the full range of fungal groups from the basal clades, Cryptomycota and Microsporidia, to the largest and most complex Dikarya species. (springer.com)
  • Demonstration, based on 78 genes and 236 taxa, that Amborella is sister to all other Angiosperms, while the Nymphaeales form the next branch and are sister to the remaining species. (scoop.it)
  • Furthermore, the finding that better quality in maize protein favours calcium big-utilization is of nutritional significance and provides an additional reason for the commercial production of QPM for people who depend on maize for their nutrition. (fao.org)
  • The mode of dissemination of Fusarium spores is by wet spores and water splashes, or by insects and wind once the growth has dried out. (inspq.qc.ca)
  • While it is one of the EPA ERMI panel mold species, it is frequently not detected due to the large size and weight of the spores, and the damp environment required for Stachybotrys growth. (mountainenvironmentals.com)
  • This disparity of criteria makes it difficult to search for, and above all characterize new biocontrol agents (BCAs) within the species and to reidentify them in natural environment once they are present in a pathosystem (Papavizas 1985). (scielo.org.mx)
  • In the field of prevention and intervention , the project is enhancing the potential of aflatoxins biocontrol in maize and peanuts, by applying it to emerging high risk areas in Europe (Italy, Serbia, Romania) and China. (mycokey.eu)
  • Again, three hybrids had lower toxin content in response to all toxigenic species, one had higher values for all, and 16 had variable resistance levels. (engormix.com)
  • Severe epidemics and losses can occur when the flag leaf is infected before anthesis (Chester, 1946). (metos.at)
  • Although the lime-cooking process to convert maize into tortillas induces some important losses in nutrients, the process also causes important changes in nutrient availability. (fao.org)