USSRCommonwealth of Independent StatesAcademic Medical Centers: Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.RussiaArmenia: An ancient country in western Asia, by the twentieth century divided among the former USSR, Turkey, and Iran. It was attacked at various times from before the 7th century B.C. to 69 B.C. by Assyrians, Medes, Persians, the Greeks under Alexander, and the Romans. It changed hands frequently in wars between Neo-Persian and Roman Empires from the 3d to 7th centuries and later under Arabs, Seljuks, Byzantines, and Mongols. In the 19th century Armenian nationalism arose but suffered during Russo-Turkish hostilities. It became part of the Soviet Republic in 1921, with part remaining under Turkey. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Europe, EasternCommunism: A totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production with the professed aim of establishing a classless society.KyrgyzstanRepublic of BelarusUkraineAsia, Central: The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)Georgia (Republic)TajikistanMoldovaAzerbaijanDiphtheria: A localized infection of mucous membranes or skin caused by toxigenic strains of CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIAE. It is characterized by the presence of a pseudomembrane at the site of infection. DIPHTHERIA TOXIN, produced by C. diphtheriae, can cause myocarditis, polyneuritis, and other systemic toxic effects.EstoniaUzbekistanKazakhstanAchievement: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.Sheltered Workshops: Protective places of employment for disabled persons which provide training and employment on a temporary or permanent basis.Diphtheria-Tetanus Vaccine: A combined vaccine used to prevent infection with diphtheria and tetanus toxoid. This is used in place of DTP vaccine (DIPHTHERIA-TETANUS-PERTUSSIS VACCINE) when PERTUSSIS VACCINE is contraindicated.IsraelProfessional Misconduct: Violation of laws, regulations, or professional standards.Baltic States: The collective name for the republics of ESTONIA; LATVIA; and LITHUANIA on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p111)Transcaucasia: Area of Europe that includes ARMENIA,; AZERBAIJAN; and the Republic of GEORGIA.Community Psychiatry: Branch of psychiatry concerned with the provision and delivery of a coordinated program of mental health care to a specified population. The foci included in this concept are: all social, psychological and physical factors related to etiology, prevention, and maintaining positive mental health in the community.Faculty, Medical: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.LatviaForensic Psychiatry: Psychiatry in its legal aspects. This includes criminology, penology, commitment of mentally ill, the psychiatrist's role in compensation cases, the problems of releasing information to the court, and of expert testimony.Medical Missions, Official: Travel by a group of physicians for the purpose of making a special study or undertaking a special project of short-term duration.Diphtheria Toxoid: The formaldehyde-inactivated toxin of Corynebacterium diphtheriae. It is generally used in mixtures with TETANUS TOXOID and PERTUSSIS VACCINE; (DTP); or with tetanus toxoid alone (DT for pediatric use and Td, which contains 5- to 10-fold less diphtheria toxoid, for other use). Diphtheria toxoid is used for the prevention of diphtheria; DIPHTHERIA ANTITOXIN is for treatment.Gift Giving: The bestowing of tangible or intangible benefits, voluntarily and usually without expectation of anything in return. However, gift giving may be motivated by feelings of ALTRUISM or gratitude, by a sense of obligation, or by the hope of receiving something in return.Career Mobility: The upward or downward mobility in an occupation or the change from one occupation to another.Czechoslovakia: Created as a republic in 1918 by Czechs and Slovaks from territories formerly part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The country split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia 1 January 1993.Radioactive Hazard Release: Uncontrolled release of radioactive material from its containment. This either threatens to, or does, cause exposure to a radioactive hazard. Such an incident may occur accidentally or deliberately.Psychiatry: The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.Emigrants and Immigrants: People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Yugoslavia: Created as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes in 1918. Yugoslavia became the official name in 1929. BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA; CROATIA; and SLOVENIA formed independent countries 7 April 1992. Macedonia became independent 8 February 1994 as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (MACEDONIA REPUBLIC).Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Economic Competition: The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Corynebacterium diphtheriae: A species of gram-positive, asporogenous bacteria in which three cultural types are recognized. These types (gravis, intermedius, and mitis) were originally given in accordance with the clinical severity of the cases from which the different strains were most frequently isolated. This species is the causative agent of DIPHTHERIA.LithuaniaArabs: Members of a Semitic people inhabiting the Arabian peninsula or other countries of the Middle East and North Africa. The term may be used with reference to ancient, medieval, or modern ethnic or cultural groups. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)United StatesMentors: Senior professionals who provide guidance, direction and support to those persons desirous of improvement in academic positions, administrative positions or other career development situations.Jews: An ethnic group with historical ties to the land of ISRAEL and the religion of JUDAISM.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Career Choice: Selection of a type of occupation or profession.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Power Plants: Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Underachievement: Performance, usually in school work, poorer than that predicted from aptitude and/or intelligence testing.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.GermanyFellowships and Scholarships: Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Cross-Cultural Comparison: Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.School Admission Criteria: Requirements for the selection of students for admission to academic institutions.Life Expectancy: Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.EuropeTuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant: Tuberculosis resistant to chemotherapy with two or more ANTITUBERCULAR AGENTS, including at least ISONIAZID and RIFAMPICIN. The problem of resistance is particularly troublesome in tuberculous OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS associated with HIV INFECTIONS. It requires the use of second line drugs which are more toxic than the first line regimens. TB with isolates that have developed further resistance to at least three of the six classes of second line drugs is defined as EXTENSIVELY DRUG-RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Acculturation: Process of cultural change in which one group or members of a group assimilate various cultural patterns from another.Physicians, Women: Women licensed to practice medicine.Academies and Institutes: Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.Libraries, MedicalNational Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Learning Disorders: Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Leadership: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Education, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Training Support: Financial support for training including both student stipends and loans and training grants to institutions.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Staff Development: The process by which the employer promotes staff performance and efficiency consistent with management goals and objectives.Hospitalists: Physicians who are employed to work exclusively in hospital settings, primarily for managed care organizations. They are the attending or primary responsible physician for the patient during hospitalization.Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Personnel Selection: The process of choosing employees for specific types of employment. The concept includes recruitment.Education, Medical, Graduate: Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.Conflict of Interest: A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.Schools: Educational institutions.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Deception: The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.Aptitude Tests: Primarily non-verbal tests designed to predict an individual's future learning ability or performance.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Library Collection Development: Development of a library collection, including the determination and coordination of selection policy, assessment of needs of users and potential users, collection use studies, collection evaluation, identification of collection needs, selection of materials, planning for resource sharing, collection maintenance and weeding, and budgeting.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Internal Medicine: A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.College Admission Test: Test designed to identify students suitable for admission into a graduate or undergraduate curriculum.Students, Pharmacy: Individuals enrolled in a school of pharmacy or a formal educational program leading to a degree in pharmacy.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Cause of Death: Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.Job Satisfaction: Personal satisfaction relative to the work situation.Dental Research: The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)Student Dropouts: Individuals who leave school, secondary or college, prior to completion of specified curriculum requirements.Library Services: Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Hematology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with morphology, physiology, and pathology of the blood and blood-forming tissues.Ethics, Institutional: The moral and ethical obligations or responsibilities of institutions.Antitubercular Agents: Drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis. They are divided into two main classes: "first-line" agents, those with the greatest efficacy and acceptable degrees of toxicity used successfully in the great majority of cases; and "second-line" drugs used in drug-resistant cases or those in which some other patient-related condition has compromised the effectiveness of primary therapy.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Salaries and Fringe Benefits: The remuneration paid or benefits granted to an employee.Financial Support: The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)Efficiency: Ratio of output to effort, or the ratio of effort produced to energy expended.Portraits as Topic: Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)Education, Premedical: Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to medical school.Awards and PrizesEducation, Medical, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Aspirations (Psychology): Strong desires to accomplish something. This usually pertains to greater values or high ideals.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Community-Based Participatory Research: Collaborative process of research involving researchers and community representatives.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Remedial Teaching: Specialized instruction for students deviating from the expected norm.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Minority Groups: A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.Professional Role: The expected function of a member of a particular profession.Education, Pharmacy, Graduate: Educational programs for pharmacists who have a bachelor's degree or a Doctor of Pharmacy degree entering a specific field of pharmacy. They may lead to an advanced degree.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Societies, Medical: Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.Organizational Affiliation: Formal relationships established between otherwise independent organizations. These include affiliation agreements, interlocking boards, common controls, hospital medical school affiliations, etc.Translational Medical Research: The application of discoveries generated by laboratory research and preclinical studies to the development of clinical trials and studies in humans. A second area of translational research concerns enhancing the adoption of best practices.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.Models, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.Education, Special: Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.
Post-Soviet countries lack genuine civic participation. Ideological restrictions and public sector dominance during the Soviet ... Academic Search Complete. Web. 17 Nov. 2016. Roberts, Ken, and Gary Pollock. "New Class Divisions In The New Market Economies: ... During the post-Soviet era, relations between Armenia and Russia have been cooperative. Many post-Soviet states struggle with ... In the post-soviet era, two new social classes have emerged. There is a new middle class with non-manual employees at its core ...
Academic Dacha. History and traditions. - Saint Petersburg: Petropol Publishing House, 2009. - pp. 15, 19. Sergei V. Ivanov. ... After the beginning of the German-Soviet War, Veselova continued studying in the institute until its evacuation to Central Asia ... Soviet Impressionism. - Woodbridge, England: Antique Collectors' Club, 2001. - pp. 131, 134-135. ISBN 1-85149-280-1, ISBN 978-1 ... In 1954 she was awarded the academic degree of Doctor of art-criticism. After 1939, Veselova participated in art exhibitions. ...
Van der Waals force
Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-375181-0. V. A. Parsegian (2006). van der Waals Forces: A Handbook for Biologists, Chemists, ... ISBN 978-0-521-83906-8. E. M. Lifshitz, Soviet Phys. JETP, 2, 73 (1956) D. Langbein, Phys. Rev. B, 2, 3371 (1970) B. V. ... Academic Press. ISBN 9780123751812. Senese, Fred (1999). "What are van der Waals forces?". Frostburg State University. ... Dzyaloshinskii, I E; Lifshitz, E M; Pitaevskii, Lev P (1961). "General theory of van der waals' forces". Soviet Physics Uspekhi ...
Latvian anti-Nazi resistance movement 1941-45
Soviet partisans. Dic.academic.ru. Retrieved on January 6, 2012. Laar, Mart. War in the Woods: Estonia's Struggle for Survival ... The Latvian commander of the pro-Soviet units was Arturs Sproģis. However, Moscow failed to create pro-Soviet units on a large ... Because of lack of local support for Soviet partisan units they were based in woods in Belarus and Russia and only made raids ... Armed combat behind the German front lines was carried out by the soldiers of the Red Army units: Latvian Riflemen Soviet ...
The Soviet Russia the Fifth Republic Exhibition of 1975. Exhibition catalogue. Moscow, Soviet Artist, 1975. P.45. Exhibition of ... The Academic Dacha through the eyes of Nikolai Timkov. The Pushkin Group and the Timkov Collection, 1999. Vern G. Swanson. ... Soviet Russia the Second Republic Exhibition of 1965. Exhibition catalogue. Moscow, Soviet Artist, 1965. P.38. Autumn ... The Academic Dacha through the eyes of Nikolai Timkov. The Pushkin Group and the Timkov Collection, 1999. Principal Exhibitions ...
Mozdok-Makhachkala-Kazi Magomed pipeline
8. Academic International Press. 1984. p. 146. "Gasprom and SOCAR signed MOU on sale of Azerbaijani gas with shipments starting ... In 1970-1979, Southern Caucasus republics of the Soviet Union were supplied by natural gas from Iran. After Iranian Revolution ... ISBN 978-0-8179-9161-6. Wilson, David (1983). The demand for energy in the Soviet Union. Taylor & Francis. p. 36. ISBN ... American Geographical Society of New York (1982). Soviet geography. 23. Scripta Pub. Co. p. 286. USSR facts & figures annual. ...
Noble gas compound
Felix Alexandrovich Berezin (Russian: Фе́ликс Алекса́ндрович Бере́зин; 25 April 1931 - 14 July 1980) was a Soviet Russian ... The Method of Second Quantization, Academic Press (1966). Introduction to Superanalysis, Springer (1987). Felix Berezin at the ... Faynberg, and E. S. Fradkin (1981). "Feliks Aleksandrovich Berezin (Obituary)". Soviet Physics Uspekhi. 24 (6): 528. Bibcode: ...
"Verkhnesvirskaya GES". Great Soviet Encyclopedia. "Verkhnesvirsk Reservoir". Great Soviet Encyclopedia. Lake Onega (Karelia). ... Academic Press. p. 372. ISBN 0-12-369449-3. Birds of Kizhi area (in Russian) Fishes of Kizhi area (in Russian) Anthropogenic ... "Onega Lake". Great Soviet Encyclopedia. Onega Lake (in Russian) X-team. Lake Onega Archived 2012-03-08 at the Wayback Machine ... ISBN 3-540-43201-9. Encyclopedic Dictionary of Geography: Geographical names - Moscow: Soviet Encyclopedia. 1983, p. 319. Lake ...
Proximal gradient methods for learning
Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers. pp. 9-10. ISBN 90-5702-344-X. "Armenia's prime minister killed in parliament shooting ... He served as the First Secretary of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic from 1974 to 1988. Soon after his reemergence into ... Two years later he also became chairman of the Armenian Supreme Soviet. During his fourteen-year rule, Armenia was prosperous ... After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 when Armenia regained its independence, Demirchyan became director of the ...
Geographical distribution of Russian speakers
Post-Soviet Central Asia. Tauris Academic Studies. pp. 144-147. Brooke, James (February 15, 2005). "For Mongolians, E Is for ... After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, about 25 million Russians (about 1/6 of former Soviet Russians) found ... In 1988 the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic declared Latvian the sole official language of Soviet Latvia. Despite large ... Within the new Soviet Union, a policy of Korenizatsiya was followed, which, in part was aimed at the reversal of tsarist ...
Spread of the Latin script
Post-Soviet Central Asia. Tauris Academic Studies. pp. 144-147. Paul Bartlett (3 September 2007). "Kazakhstan: Moving Forward ... Some post-Soviet Turkic-majority states decided to reintroduce the Latin script in the 1990s after the 1928 example of Turkey. ... However, after the Soviet Union's first three decades, these were gradually abandoned in the 1930s in favour of Cyrillic. ... The Soviet Union promoted development of the language, but set it back considerably with two successive script changes - from ...
Xinjiang under Qing rule
Soviet Scientific Reviews). Translated by Kurt Gingold. Harwood Academic (Medical, Reference and Social Science), 1988. ISBN 3- ... Kurt Gingold, Soviet Urethane Technology (Soviet Progress in Polyurethanes series). CRC Press, 1973. ISBN 0-87762-069-5 ... Roumania and the Soviet Union" Mark Efimovich Vol'pin (ed.), Chemistry Reviews, Vol. 4. Translated by Kurt Gingold. Soviet ... Kurt Gingold, Synthesis and Physical Chemistry of Urethanes (Soviet Progress in Polyurethanes series). CRC Press, 1975. ISBN ...
Academic international press. pp. 213-. ISBN 978-0-87569-038-4. "Nevolin, Konstantin Alekseevich". The Great Soviet ... The Modern Encyclopedia of Russian and Soviet History. Academic International Press. pp. 174-. ISBN 978-0-87569-064-3. George J ... He started his academic Career as a professor of law in Berlin in 1829. In 1834 he returned to Kiev after he was appointed ... Gutsche (1989). The Modern encyclopedia of Russian and Soviet literatures: including non-Russian and emigre literatures. Gorin ...
Her grandchildren include Alain Goldschlager a Canadian academic. Goldschlager was awarded the Knight of the Order of Academic ... The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd edition (1970-1979) Cook, Chris (2012). The Routledge guide to European political archives ... Alain Goldschläger: a Knight of the Order of Academic Palms" (PDF). THE LONDON JEWISH COMMUNITY NEWS. Retrieved 6 April 2014. ... Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). 24 (2nd ed.). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1953. 366. Goldberg, Adina (March 2014 ...
12] I also worked as consultant to the Soviet government, later Russian, for perestroika, as well as academic science of the ... 1 Biography; 1.1 Scope Soviet and Russian; 1.1.1 Adviser to the Government; 1.1.2 Academic of Sciences; 1.1.3 Association Myr ... 1.1 - Scope Soviet and Russian  At the start of perestroika, at the invitation of the Soviet Government's attention turns ... 1.2.4. - Academic activities  In the academic environment, with Luigi Riva Guatri and Enzio Cortese Palaces, in the 1960s ...
Armenian cemetery in Julfa
Charles Melville (London: British Academic Press, 1998), pp. 59-71. Porter, Robert Ker (1821). Travels in Georgia, Persia, ... Ayvazyan, Argam (1983). "Ջուղա (Jugha)". Armenian Soviet Encyclopedia Volume IX. Yerevan: Armenian Academy of Sciences. pp. 549 ... prior to the breakup of the Soviet Union, the monuments had stood intact and the region itself had as many as "27,000 ... Armenian Soviet Encyclopedia Volume IX. Yerevan: Armenian Academy of Sciences. p. 550. Pickman, Sarah (30 June 2006). "Tragedy ...
Magnet programs may focus on academics (mathematics, natural sciences, and engineering; humanities; social sciences; fine or ... For the equivalent in the Soviet Union, see specialized school. For the equivalent in the UK, see specialist school. ... and prevent minority group isolation while providing the students with a stronger knowledge of academic subjects and vocational ...
Imprint Academic, Societas. ISBN 9781845401184. .. *^ Katz, D.L.; et al. (2003). "The evidence base for complementary and ... "Academic Medicine. 76 (3): 248-50. doi:10.1097/00001888-200103000-00011. PMID 11242574.. CS1 maint: ref=harv (link). Coulter et ... "Academic Medicine. 76 (3): 248-50. doi:10.1097/00001888-200103000-00011. PMID 11242574.. ; Coulter, Ian D; Willis, Evan M (June ... Academic Medicine. 85 (2): 193-96. doi:10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181c8f1e7. PMID 20107341.. CS1 maint: ref=harv (link). ...
With the Soviet Union no longer a threat, the U.S. and its allies no longer saw Vietnamese domination of Cambodia as an issue. ... This drop from an academic education to a vocational one likely came as a shock. His fellow students were generally of a ... On taking power, the Khmer Rouge spurned both the Western states and the Soviet Union as sources of support. Instead, ... Many claimed he deviated from orthodox Marxism-Leninism, but China backed his government as a bulwark against Soviet influence ...
Group 3 element
Notably, the Stahlecker's map (top) had shown the Soviet Byelorussia according to bilateral terms of the Nazi-Soviet invasion ... Boston: Academic Studies Press. ISBN 9781618112842. .. *. Hilberg, Raul (1985). The Destruction of the European Jews: The ... Brighton: Academic Studies Press. ISBN 978-1-61811-956-8. .. *. Niewyk, Donald; Nicosia, Francis (2000). The Columbia Guide to ... Statiev, Alexander (2010). The Soviet Counterinsurgency in the Western Borderlands. Cambridge University Press. p. 69. ISBN ...
Aside from academics, numerous politicians, and activists such as former U.S. Presidents Barack Obama, and Jimmy Carter; ... "From a Christian Socialist to a Christian Realist: Reinhold Niebuhr and the Soviet Union, 1930-1945"[permanent dead link]. Ph.D ... Niebuhr's realism deepened after 1945 and led him to support American efforts to confront Soviet communism around the world. A ...
Soviet Armenia, Soviet Azerbaijan, and Soviet Georgia (all these states formed part of the Soviet Union after the December 1922 ... London: Tauris Academic Studies. p. 12. ISBN 1-86064-117-2. .. *^ Çaglayan, Kaya Tuncer (2004). British Policy Towards ... ADR officially surrendered to the Soviets, but many generals and local Azeri militias kept resisting the advance of the Soviet ... Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (Central Powers-Soviet Russia). Treaty of Poti (Germany-Georgia). Treaty of Batum (Ottoman Turkey- ...
Discrimination against asexual people
Academic Press. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-12-765660-1. .. *^ a b "UN report - 2004 data" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on ... Mark Harrison (2002). Accounting for War: Soviet Production, Employment, and the Defence Burden, 1940-1945. p. 167. ISBN 978-0- ... a b Figures include the former Soviet countries in Europe. Caselli, Graziella; Gillaume Wunsch; Jacques Vallin (December 20, ... The first half of the 20th century in Imperial Russia and the Soviet Union was marked by a succession of major wars, famines ...
Indeed, the name Supreme Soviet, which the parliament was called, and that of the Soviet Union itself, make use of this ... The Italian operaismo movement also influenced Marxist academics such as Harry Cleaver, John Holloway, Steve Wright, and Nick ... In the emerging Soviet state, there appeared left-wing uprisings against the Bolsheviks which were a series of rebellions and ... The Russian word for council is soviet, and, during the early years of the revolution, workers' councils were politically ...
List of largest mammals
Conservatism in the United States
Jack H. Schuster and Martin J. Finkelstein, The American Faculty: The Restructuring of Academic Work and Careers (2008) p. 145 ... The collapse of Soviet-style communism in Eastern Europe and in Russia itself saw the American Legion looking to new venues for ... As the Cold War emerged in 1946-1947, the Legion paid increasing attention to an anti-Soviet foreign policy. Its Counter- ... Everett Carll Ladd and Seymour Martin Lipset, Academics, politics, and the 1972 election (1973) ...
Aktinium bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
a b c Actinium, Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian) *^ a b c Farr, J.; Giorgi, A. L.; Bowman, M. G.; Money, R. K. (1961). " ... Academic Press. hlm. 16-. ISBN 978-0-12-023631-2.. *^ a b Bolla, Rose A.; Malkemus, D.; Mirzadeh, S. (2005). "Production of ... Seitz, Frederick and Turnbull, David (1964), Solid state physics: advances in research and applications, Academic Press, hlm. ...
Geologic time scale
Sussex Academic Press. p. 38. ISBN 978-1-84519-453-6. .. *^ Vukoni Lupa Lasaga, "The slow, violent death of apartheid in Sudan ... "Soviets Launch World's First Black Cosmonaut". Jet. 59 (4): 8. 9 October 1980. ISSN 0021-5996.. ... As African states became independent in the 1960s, the Soviet Union offered many of their citizens the chance to study in ... Patterns of discrimination against non-whites have led some academic and other activists to advocate for use of the Portuguese ...
Healthcare in Cuba
Post-Soviet Union. Loss of Soviet subsidies brought food shortages to Cuba in the early 1990s. The famine during the ... Cuba is preparing a computerized health register, hospital management system, primary health care, academic affairs, medical ... Like the rest of the Cuban economy, Cuban medical care suffered following the end of Soviet subsidies in 1991 and the stepping ... One is the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the socialist bloc, and the other is the economic embargo the Government of the ...
See also: Human rights in the Soviet Union. The Council of Europe, founded in 1949, is the oldest organisation working for ... Although the argument between universalism and relativism is far from complete, it is an academic discussion in that all ... and despite the Soviet bloc and a number of developing countries arguing strongly for the inclusion of all rights in a so- ... Similarly the ex Soviet bloc countries and Asian countries have tended to give priority to economic, social and cultural rights ...
Academic Search Complete. Web. 23 Nov. 2014. *^ Woolf, Virginia. A Room of One's Own. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, ... As Communist countries such as Romania and the Soviet Union began to liberalize, their official media began representing women ... In 1975, American film critic, academic, and screenwriter Marjorie Rosen wrote in her book Popcorn Venus: Women, Movies, & the ... As perfumes, cosmetics, fashionable clothing, and footwear became available to ordinary women in the Soviet Union, East Germany ...
Battle of the Bulge - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Even the destruction of entire Soviet armies would still have left the Soviets with more soldiers. ... General Subjects Section, Academic Department, the Infantry School, Fort Benning, Georgia. p. 3. Archived from the original ( ... caused Churchill to ask Stalin on 6 January 1945 for Soviet help by launching a Soviet attack.  On Friday, 12 January, the ... By November, Soviet forces were preparing for a winter attack. Meanwhile, the Allied air attacks of early 1944 had made the ...
Mikael Arutchian (1897-1961), Soviet-Armenian painter.. *Bulbul (1897-1961), Soviet-Azerbaijani opera tenor and folk music ... Encyclopædia Britannica, "sileh rug", Online Academic Edition, 2007. *^ a b (in Russian) Caucasian Calendar (Кавказский ... Gevork Kotiantz (1909-1996), Soviet-Armenian painter.. *Shamsi Badalbeyli (1911-1987), Soviet-Azerbaijani actor and theater ... Ashot Hovhannisyan (1887-1972), Soviet-Armenian statesman and historian.. *Yusif Vazir Chamanzaminli (1887-1943), Soviet- ...
National Museum, Warsaw
List of atheists in science and technology
Zhores Alferov (1930-): Belarusian, Soviet and Russian physicist and academic who contributed significantly to the creation of ... He gained renown as the designer of the Soviet Union's Third Idea, a code name for Soviet development of thermonuclear weapons ... "Another 50 Renowned Academics Speaking About God". Retrieved 8 April 2012. I believe atheism makes coherent sense.. ... Sakharov was an advocate of civil liberties and civil reforms in the Soviet Union. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975 ...
Economic Relations with the Soviet Union: American and West German Perspectives, 1st Edition (Hardback) - Routledge
The Soviet Perspective -- Soviet-West German Economic Relations: The West German Perspective -- Basic Issues in US-Soviet ... Foreword -- Preface: Transatlantic Divide? -- The Political Dimension -- US-Soviet Relations: Detente or Cold War? -- Soviet- ... Economic Relations with the Soviet Union. American and West German Perspectives, 1st Edition. ... Is it possible to elicit concessions from the Soviet Union in response to economic levers? How much technology transfer can and ...
Humanitarian Aid in Post-Soviet Countries: An Anthropological Perspective, 1st Edition (Hardback) - Routledge
Uzbek Soviet Encyclopedia - Wikipedia
"Uzbek Soviet Encyclopedia" (in Russian). Academic. Retrieved 22 March 2015. Ramet, Sabrina (1989). Religion and Nationalism in ... The Uzbek Soviet Encyclopedia was not available in Russian. Despite the Marxist bias, the Uzbek Soviet Encyclopedia is a very ... The Uzbek Soviet Encyclopedia was published in Tashkent from 1971 to 1980 by the Uzbek Soviet Encyclopedia Publishing House. ... Great Soviet Encyclopedia National Encyclopedia of Uzbekistan "The Uzbek Soviet Encyclopedia" (in Russian). The Great ...
The Treatment of Soviet POWs: Starvation, Disease, and Shootings, June 1941-January 1942 Photograph
Resources for Academics and Research. *Ask a Research Question. *Research in Collections ... The Treatment of Soviet POWs: Starvation, Disease, and Shootings, June 1941-January 1942 Photograph. Back to Article ... Wounded Soviet prisoners of war await medical attention. The German army provided only minimal treatment, and permitted ... The Treatment of Soviet POWs: Starvation, Disease, and Shootings, June 1941-January 1942 ...
German-Soviet Pact Photograph
Resources for Academics and Research. *Ask a Research Question. *Research in Collections ... Nazi foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop (left), Soviet leader Joseph Stalin (center), and Soviet foreign minister ... Viacheslav Molotov (right) at the signing of the nonaggression pact between Germany and the Soviet Union. Moscow, Soviet Union ...
Soviet socialist patriotism - Wikipedia
Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-227230-7. ... especially on the Soviet borderlands in the Soviet Unions ... Soviet socialist patriotism refers to the socialist patriotism involving cultural attachment of the Soviet people to the Soviet ... "Soviet people" and identified Russians as being the "elder brothers of the Soviet people". During World War II, Soviet ... It has been referred to as "Soviet nationalism". However, the concept of "Soviet nationalism" is claimed to be a misnomer and ...
The chemistry of cardiac glycosides in the Soviet Union | SpringerLink
Post-Soviet Placebos: Epistemology and Authority in Russian Treatments for Alcoholism | SpringerLink
Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Kluwer Academic.Google Scholar. *. Vrecko, Scott 2006a Folk Neurology and the Remaking of Identity ... Field, Mark G. 1991 The Hybrid Profession: Soviet Medicine. In Professions and the State: Expertise and Autonomy in the Soviet ... embrace of such treatments has been shaped by a clinical style of reasoning specific to a Soviet and post-Soviet psychiatry, ... Calloway, Paul 1992 Soviet and Western Psychiatry: A Comparative Study. Keighley, Yorkshire: Moor Press.Google Scholar ...
The Phenomenon of Advertising in the Soviet Union in the 1920-1930s - Student Theses - Higher School of Economics National...
Some Soviets worry about too much power at top. Reliance on one man is dangerous, reformers say - CSMonitor.com
Constitutional proposals under discussion in the Soviet Union give Mikhail Gorbachev too much power, prominent Soviet ... academician Andrei Sakharov told Soviet and American scholars. Mr. Sakharovs views were endorsed by other leading academics. ... Constitutional proposals under discussion in the Soviet Union give Mikhail Gorbachev too much power, prominent Soviet ... Some Soviets worry about too much power at top. Reliance on one man is dangerous, reformers say ...
Academics Warn Of Spread Of Superstitious Beliefs By Iranian Officials
... a group of Iranian-born academics based in the United States and in Europe have warned of the spread of superstition in Iran by ... Elon Musk Invites Family Of Famed Soviet Rocket Scientist To Tour SpaceX ... In an open letter addressed to UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, a group of Iranian-born academics based in the United States ... and other prominent academics and researchers such as Iranian-Canadian professor and author Ramin Jahanbegloo -- point to ...
Soviet Dissident Zhores Medvedev Dies, Aged 93
He managed to secure an academic position in Moscow, but was fired again in 1962. He lost all of his remaining Soviet positions ... In 1973, Zhores Medvedev was allowed to leave the Soviet Union, and he settled in London. Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev ... Prominent Soviet-era dissident Zhores Medvedev has died in London at the age of 93. ... In 1970, he was forcibly committed to a Soviet psychiatric hospital, but he was released after three weeks following intense ...
May 1971 - Volume 46 - Issue 5 : Academic Medicine
... and research concerning academic medicine, including strengthening the quality of medical education and training, enhancing the ... Academic Medicine, a peer-reviewed monthly journal, serves as an international forum for the exchange of ideas and information ... Education for the health professions in the Soviet Union. Cooper, J A ... Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Academic Medicine.. ...
Why party and how much? The Soviet State and the party finance | Springer for Research & Development
Archival data on annual budgets of the Communist party shed light on how this cornerstone Soviet institution was maintained and ... Publisher Name Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers * Print ISSN 0048-5829 * Online ISSN 1573-7101 ... Archives of the Soviet Communist Party and Soviet State [ASCP], Microfilm Collection, Hoover Institution Archives.Google ... Gershenson, D., & Grossman, H. (2001). Cooption and repression in the Soviet Union. Economics and Politics, 13, 1-17.CrossRef ...
Fall Academic Term 2002 Course Guide - Economics (Economics) (SUBJECT=ECON)
... and the Arts Course Guide for Fall Academic Term 2002 contains course descriptions. ... Post-Socialist Transition in Central/Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. Comparative Economic Systems and National ... Fall Academic Term, 2002 (September 3 - December 20). ECON 101. Principles of Economics I. Introductory Courses Section 100. ... Note: You must establish a session for Fall Academic Term 2002 on wolverineaccess.umich.edu in order to use the link "Check ...
Soviet Archaeology - Leo S. Klejn - Oxford University Press
In this updated and expanded volume, he considers whether Soviet archaeology can be considered as Marxist and, if so, was ... Klejn looks at the peculiar phenomenon that is Soviet archaeology and its differences and similarities to Western archaeology ... In Soviet Archaeology: Trends, Schools, and History, Russian archaeologist Leo S. ... Academic Skip to main content United States. , About Us , Careers , Contact Us , Help ...
Gurney Journey: Soviet War Art
Heres a interesting gallery of Soviet war art, showing how great is the cost of war, and how universal the eye of the artist. ... Thanks for posting this link to the Soviet war art. These look strikingly familar. Ive seen a LOT of war art over the years ... Shows that there was much more to Soviet art than just hollow propaganda. The best of those remind me of the Russian painter ... Labels: Academic Painters 11 comments:. Steve said... Powerful images. Dances With Torches, Victory Day/Machine Gunner, and Old ...
Phenibut - An Anxiety Drug from the Soviet Space Program
Soviet scientists in the 1960s created a powerful drug called phenibut. Find out the risks, benefits, and other information by ... Academic Press. 21 September 2010. pp. 25. *David W. Group (25 February 2015). Encyclopedia of Mind Enhancing Foods, Drugs and ... Soviet scientists were hard at work trying to turn their soldiers and cosmonauts into superior humans. The fruits of their ... SUMMARY: Phenibut is a powerful drug developed in the 1960s for Soviet cosmonauts. Now, it is used recreationally in order to ...
Courses | History of Art + Visual Culture | Academics | RISD
Soviet Art And Film Under Lenin And Stalin. This course will examine art in Russia and the USSR from the October Revolution in ... Failure to remain in good academic standing can lead to removal from the course, either before or during the course. Also in ... Failure to remain in good academic standing can lead to removal from the course, either before or during the course. Also in ... All students are required to remain in good academic standing in order to participate in the WS travel course/studio. A minimum ...
The Molnár Debate of 1950: Hungarian Communist Historical Politics and the Problem of the Soviet Model : East Central Europe
"On the Origins and Demise of the Communist Academic Regime." In Academia in Upheaval: Origins, Transfers, and Transformation of ... "Soviet Impact on Polish Postwar Historiography, 1946-1950." Journal of Central European Affairs 11, no. 4: 372-396. ... "Stalinizing Polish Historiography: What Soviet Archives Disclose." East European Politics and Societies 7, no. 1: 109-134. ... "Recent Discussions on the Periodization of History." Soviet Studies 4, no. 2: 152-169. ...
Crystals | Free Full-Text | Bi2Te3 Topological Insulator for Domain-Wall Dark Pulse Generation from Thulium-Doped Fiber Laser ...
Cybernetics - Wikipedia
New York: Academic Press. ISBN 0122868501.. *^ Cariani, Peter (15 March 2010). "on the importance of being emergent". ... Gerovitch, Slava (2002). From newspeak to cyberspeak : a history of Soviet cybernetics. Cambridge, Mass. [u.a.]: MIT Press. ... 4, (Academic Press, San Diego), p. 155-169.. *Hyötyniemi, Heikki (2006). Neocybernetics in Biological Systems. Espoo: Helsinki ... Философский словарь (Philosophical dictionary), 1954; "Cybernetics", The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). *^ Glushkov, Viktor ...
Xpert search results for Windows on war : Soviet posters 19
Popular Articles & Stories for December 14, 1986 - latimes
Long Beach Seeks Soviet Sister City. *. When the Law Tells Time: Justice Delayed or Justice Denied? : Man Wins New Trial 15 ... Only 15,000 in Portugal Use Language : Academics Speak Up for Mirandes, Win Recognition for Rare Tongue From Reuters. ... Students Documentary to Air on KCET : Film Looks at Soviet Religious Underground MARY BARBER, Times Staff Writer. ... Incursions Growing in Potentially Strategic Waters : Soviet Submarines Are a Deep Headache for Norway RICHARD BALMFORTH, ...
History of science and technology | Cambridge University Press
Download Revolution Stalled The Political Limits Of The Internet In The Post Soviet Sphere
Thomas Aquinas: The Academic Sermons. The Fathers of the Church, Mediaeval Continuation, vol. The Catholic University of ... At the frosty download revolution stalled the political limits of the internet in the post soviet sphere I may be, that the ... Fire then is the download revolution stalled the political limits of the internet in the post soviet sphere of circle at one ... But no download revolution stalled the political limits of the internet in the post soviet is more constant than that with ...
USC: Academic Bulletins
543 -- Russian and Soviet Diplomatic History. (3) Imperial and Soviet foreign and military policies in the 19th and 20th ... 542 -- The History of Modern Russia and the Soviet Union. (3) The decline of Imperial Russia, the Revolution of 1917, Lenin, ... For the 2001-2002 academic year, there were 60 applicants for our graduate programs; 34 were admitted and 24 enrolled (eight ... Stalin, and the Soviet Union since Stalin.. * ...
Business History Conference | Cambridge University Press
Europe-Asia Studies - Wikipedia
Academic journals associated with universities and colleges. *Political science journal stubs. *Soviet Union stubs ... 45, 1993) the journal Soviet Studies (vols. 1-44, 1949-1992), which was renamed after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The ... This Soviet Union-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.. *v ... Europe-Asia Studies is an academic peer-reviewed journal published 10 times a year by Routledge on behalf of the Institute of ...
Could Hitler Have Won? A Thoughtful Look at the German-Soviet Clash Reassesses the Second World War | CODOH
Brought out by a respected academic publisher, professor Stolfis book has deservedly earned respect and acclaim. Military ... for a Soviet Barbarossa. Statements of Soviet prisoners also support a view that the Soviets intended an attack on Germany in ... which was the hub of the Soviet Unions road and rail communications system as well as by far the most important Soviet ... These gains deprived the Soviet colossus of a great deal of its ability to mobilize troops and materiel for war, while at the ...
Union'sClosing in 1944Kluwer Academic PublishPrisoners ofUnderestimating Soviet military1944BlocStalin1990PolesGorbachevScientists1928DetenteMathematics1941Country'sMoscow1992Phenomenon2016RoutledgeScholarsUkrainianInceptionRegime1980sProminentCommunistAffairsHistoryTraumaPioneersTimeUnintended consequences19451953DevelopmentsDivisionsPrimarilyForeign policyResearchOfficialsCrimesExtraordinaryRoughlySocietyJSTOR
- 2. Discuss the historical origins and development of the Soviet Union's security and intelligence services, and of those created on the model of the Soviet services. (aber.ac.uk)
- the Soviet Union's security and intelligence services played a key role in the history of Communism. (aber.ac.uk)
- the Soviet Union's security services, and those set up in its image, bear a large share of the responsibility for that. (aber.ac.uk)
- The module examines why the Soviet Union's security and intelligence services were founded, in the wake of the Russian Revolution of 1917, and how they developed under successive leaders of the Soviet Communist Party. (aber.ac.uk)
- In addition to examining the Soviet Union's own security and intelligence services, the module analyses the sister services created on the Soviet model. (aber.ac.uk)
- The Fever of '57" tells the gripping story of America's reaction to the Soviet Union's successful launch of Sputnik in October 1957. (collectspace.com)
- In July, respected Cold War figure Paul Nitze will use Wohlstetter's assertions in testimony before the House Armed Services Committee to accuse Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and the CIA of dangerously underestimating both the Soviet Union's military strength and its intentions. (historycommons.org)
- Despite the reduced Soviet military threat, the Soviet Union's strategic intelligence deception organizations will continue to mislead the West. (globalsecurity.org)
- I. Background A. Soviet Strategic Intelligence Deception Organizations B. Soviet Union's Use of Deception II. (globalsecurity.org)
Closing in 19441
Kluwer Academic Publish1
Underestimating Soviet military1
- The region was later occupied by Nazi Germany, until Soviet forces returned in 1944. (catholicworldreport.com)
- The course explains key parts of the history of the Soviet security services, such as their role in the Civil War of 1918-1920, Stalin's Great Terror, mass deportations of population during and after the Second World War and the extension of Soviet security control to Eastern Europe from 1944. (aber.ac.uk)
- Recently, published evidence and particularly effective arguments show that Stalin began a massive deployment of Soviet forces to the western frontier early in June 1941. (codoh.com)
- The evidence supports a view that Stalin intended to use the forces concentrated in the west as quickly as possible - probably about mid-July 1941 - for a Soviet Barbarossa. (codoh.com)
- Although it is at present relatively modest, with a budget of only 20 million roubles (Pounds sterling 20 million) for 1990, the 'anti-monopoly' fund represents an important breakthrough in Soviet science planning at a time when the country's scientists are finding it difficult to respond to the challenges of perestroika. (newscientist.com)
- ACMS Speaker Series with Dr. Tsendpurev Tsegmid Abstract: Dr Tsegmid presents the collective work of the Green Horse Society (1990-2002), pioneers of contemporary art in post-Soviet Mongolia. (mongoliacenter.org)
- The amendments, which will make Mr. Gorbachev head of government with direct legislative powers much greater than he enjoys now, contain ``an immensely dangerous time bomb,'' academician Andrei Sakharov told Soviet and American scholars. (csmonitor.com)
- The congress will also elect the president of the Supreme Soviet - a role assumed by Gorbachev a month ago. (csmonitor.com)
- And he noted that Gorbachev or his successor will have the power to legislate between Supreme Soviet sessions - that is for four to six months a year. (csmonitor.com)
- Together with his brother, the prominent historian Roy Medvedev, Zhores began editing a self-published journal called Political Diary that criticized Soviet censorship and restrictions on scientists. (rferl.org)
- Soviet scientists were hard at work trying to turn their soldiers and cosmonauts into superior humans. (nootropedia.com)
- Phenibut is the brainchild of Soviet scientists and is an analog of the neurotransmitter GABA . (nootropedia.com)
- Last month, however, almost five years after Gorbachov came to power and four years after he launched perestroika, a 2500-strong meeting of Soviet scientists in Moscow concluded that the country's science still needs a major reform. (newscientist.com)
- Although Gorbachov has always urged scientists to make their research more responsive to social needs, Soviet law still provides no basis for them to do so. (newscientist.com)
- Mathematics and its Applications (Soviet Series), vol. 35. (springer.com)
- And at a time when Soviet mathematics was convulsed by antisemitism-with students of Jewish descent excluded from the top math programs for made-up reasons, sent instead to remote trade schools-Kolmogorov quietly protected Jewish researchers. (scottaaronson.com)
- The electoral law and constitutional amendment, published on Oct. 22, are due to be discussed by an extraordinary meeting of the country's parliament, the Supreme Soviet, at the end of November. (csmonitor.com)
- In May 2015, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko signed a law that mandated the transfer of the country's complete set of archives, from the "Soviet organs of repression," such as the KGB and its decedent, the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU), to a government organization called the Ukrainian Institute of National Memory . (foreignpolicy.com)
- Viatrovych's vision of history instead tells the story of partisan guerrillas who waged a brave battle for Ukrainian independence against overwhelming Soviet power. (foreignpolicy.com)
- Created in 1929 to free Ukraine from Soviet control, the OUN embraced the notion of an ethnically pure Ukrainian nation. (foreignpolicy.com)
- This legacy of sacrifice against the Soviets continues to prompt many Ukrainian nationalists to view Bandera and the OUN-UPA as heroes whose valor kept the dream of Ukrainian statehood alive. (foreignpolicy.com)
- From its very inception the Soviet state valued the merits and benefits of physical culture, which included not only sport but also health, hygiene, education, labour and defence. (waterstones.com)
- Since the inception of the Soviet intelligence services, they have suffered from a constant stream of defections and penetrations. (globalsecurity.org)
- The letter's signatories -- including professor Abbas Milani, head of Iranian studies at Stanford University, and other prominent academics and researchers such as Iranian-Canadian professor and author Ramin Jahanbegloo -- point to comments by Iranian cleric Hojatoleslam Kazem Sedighi, who said last month that adultery increases the risk of earthquakes . (rferl.org)
- Prominent Soviet-era dissident Zhores Medvedev has died in London at the age of 93. (rferl.org)
- In 1970, he was forcibly committed to a Soviet psychiatric hospital, but he was released after three weeks following intense protests by prominent figures including physicist Andrei Sakharov and writer Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn. (rferl.org)
- Archival data on annual budgets of the Communist party shed light on how this cornerstone Soviet institution was maintained and on the party-state relationships in a one-party polity. (springer.com)
- Soviet venality: a rent-seeking model of the communist state. (springer.com)
- Archives of the Soviet Communist Party and Soviet State [ASCP], Microfilm Collection, Hoover Institution Archives. (springer.com)
- Kolmogorov was a leading and admired Soviet scientist all through the era of Stalin's purges, the Gulag, the KGB, the murders and disappearances and forced confessions, the show trials, the rewritings of history, the allies suddenly denounced as traitors, the tragicomedy of Lysenkoism . (scottaaronson.com)
- At one time, the monument stood in testimony of Soviet scientific accomplishments, but it is now merely a shadow of the revolutionary center that helped conquer diseases such as polio and save thousands of lives during World War Two with penicillin treatments. (redorbit.com)
- The prisoners at this time were to a large extent members of targeted national groups whom the Soviet government repressed for reasons arising from the war. (arlindo-correia.com)
- As an academic, you basically do retrospective analysis with more or less full information and lots of time,' he said at the event. (stanford.edu)
- By the Soviet Pharmacopoeia the extraction time of infusions is 15 min and for decoctions 30 min. (freepatentsonline.com)
- More academic publications recommend a longer extraction time. (freepatentsonline.com)
- It is only if Soviet foreign policy is examined in this breadth that its character can be properly appreciated. (aber.ac.uk)
- The Soviet term aktivnyye meropriyatiya (active measures) describes a wide variety of deceptive techniques to promote Soviet foreign policy goals and undermine those who oppose Soviet actions. (globalsecurity.org)
- Survey of Soviet Research in Information Theory. (iitp.ru)
- The ABC-CLIO Solutions Academic Edition suite supplies the digital reference collections and full-text scholarship integral to undergraduate research in the humanities. (abc-clio.com)
- Yet he cautioned academics to avoid policy-directed research and instead concentrate on doing 'serious' work that might one day make a contribution -- although perhaps not in a predictable manner. (stanford.edu)
- This is because the KGB and GRU personnel serve and travel abroad, where they have the opportunity to establish and maintain contact with Western intelligence, and they have a better opportunity than most Soviet officials to learn about and become disillusioned with the inner workings of the Soviet system. (globalsecurity.org)
- She is much less successful in taking on the complicated questions surrounding the causes of the Gulag and its impact on Soviet society -- in fact, she barely tries. (arlindo-correia.com)
- Particular attention to function of literature in Soviet society. (uvm.edu)
- Soviet society today / by Michael Rywkin. (opal-libraries.org)