A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A republic in the north of South America, east of VENEZUELA and west of SURINAME. Its capital is Georgetown.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
Individual members of Central American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia. Mexican Indians are not included.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
A French overseas department on the northeast coast of South America. Its capital is Cayenne. It was first settled by the French in 1604. Early development was hindered because of the presence of a penal colony. The name of the country and the capital are variants of Guyana, possibly from the native Indian Guarani guai (born) + ana (kin), implying a united and interrelated race of people. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p418 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p195)
The islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia. (Random House Dictionary, 2d ed)
Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Slow-moving exclusively arboreal mammals that inhabit the tropical forests of South and Central America.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.
A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
An acute infectious disease primarily of the tropics, caused by a virus and transmitted to man by mosquitoes of the genera Aedes and Haemagogus. The severe form is characterized by fever, HEMOLYTIC JAUNDICE, and renal damage.
A genus of the subfamily TRIATOMINAE. Several species are vectors of TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI.
A state in south central Australia. Its capital is Adelaide. It was probably first visited by F. Thyssen in 1627. Later discoveries in 1802 and 1830 opened up the southern part. It became a British province in 1836 with this self-descriptive name and became a state in 1901. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1135)
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.
Infection with the protozoan parasite TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, a form of TRYPANOSOMIASIS endemic in Central and South America. It is named after the Brazilian physician Carlos Chagas, who discovered the parasite. Infection by the parasite (positive serologic result only) is distinguished from the clinical manifestations that develop years later, such as destruction of PARASYMPATHETIC GANGLIA; CHAGAS CARDIOMYOPATHY; and dysfunction of the ESOPHAGUS or COLON.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
A plant genus of the family Droseraceae, order Nepenthales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida, that contains naphthoquinone glucosides. The name sundew is rarely used for PYROLA.
A state in southeastern Australia. Its capital is Sydney. It was discovered by Captain Cook in 1770 and first settled at Botany Bay by marines and convicts in 1788. It was named by Captain Cook who thought its coastline resembled that of South Wales. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p840 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p377)
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.
The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).
Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.
The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.
A subclass of segmented worms comprising the tapeworms.
Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.
An order of New World mammals characterized by the absence of incisors and canines from among their teeth, and comprising the ARMADILLOS, the SLOTHS, and the anteaters. The order is distinguished from all others by what are known as xenarthrous vertebrae (xenos, strange; arthron, joint): there are secondary, and sometimes even more, articulations between the vertebrae of the lumbar series. The order was formerly called Edentata. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, vol. I, p515)
INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.
A subset of various vascular plants (also known as the Tracheophyta) which include seed-bearing and non seed-bearing species.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
The type species of the FLAVIVIRUS genus. Principal vector transmission to humans is by AEDES spp. mosquitoes.
The agent of South American trypanosomiasis or CHAGAS DISEASE. Its vertebrate hosts are man and various domestic and wild animals. Insects of several species are vectors.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
The invasion of living tissues of man and other mammals by dipterous larvae.
Infection with a fungus of the genus COCCIDIOIDES, endemic to the SOUTHWESTERN UNITED STATES. It is sometimes called valley fever but should not be confused with RIFT VALLEY FEVER. Infection is caused by inhalation of airborne, fungal particles known as arthroconidia, a form of FUNGAL SPORES. A primary form is an acute, benign, self-limited respiratory infection. A secondary form is a virulent, severe, chronic, progressive granulomatous disease with systemic involvement. It can be detected by use of COCCIDIOIDIN.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
The total genetic information possessed by the reproductive members of a POPULATION of sexually reproducing organisms.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A subfamily of the family MURIDAE comprised of 69 genera. New World mice and rats are included in this subfamily.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
The splitting of an ancestral species into daughter species that coexist in time (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 6th ed). Causal factors may include geographic isolation, HABITAT geometry, migration, REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION, random GENETIC DRIFT and MUTATION.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.
A British colony in the Atlantic Islands, comprising two principal islands, East Falkland and West Falkland. Its capital is Stanley. Discovered in 1592, it was not occupied until the French settled there briefly in 1764. Later the English settled there but were expelled by the Spanish in 1770. The Falklands were claimed by Argentina but were occupied in 1833 by the British who, after an April 1982 invasion by Argentina, regained them in June. The islands were named by British Captain John Strong in 1690 for the fifth Viscount Falkland who financed Strong's expedition. The Spanish name for the islands, Malvinas, is from the French Malouins, inhabitants of St. Malo who attempted to colonize the islands in 1764. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p389 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p182)
The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that contains kukulkanin, a CHALCONE.
The study of disease in prehistoric times as revealed in bones, mummies, and archaeologic artifacts.
Cytochromes of the b group that have alpha-band absorption of 563-564 nm. They occur as subunits in MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX III.
A republic in the north of South America, bordered on the west by GUYANA (British Guiana) and on the east by FRENCH GUIANA. Its capital is Paramaribo. It was formerly called Netherlands Guiana or Dutch Guiana or Surinam. Suriname was first settled by the English in 1651 but was ceded to the Dutch by treaty in 1667. It became an autonomous territory under the Dutch crown in 1954 and gained independence in 1975. The country was named for the Surinam River but the meaning of that name is uncertain. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1167 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p526)
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
Acute respiratory illness in humans caused by the Muerto Canyon virus whose primary rodent reservoir is the deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus. First identified in the southwestern United States, this syndrome is characterized most commonly by fever, myalgias, headache, cough, and rapid respiratory failure.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of protozoa.
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
A mammalian order which consists of 29 families and many genera.
A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing encephalomyelitis in Equidae and humans. The virus ranges along the Atlantic seaboard of the United States and Canada and as far south as the Caribbean, Mexico, and parts of Central and South America. Infections in horses show a mortality of up to 90 percent and in humans as high as 80 percent in epidemics.
The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
A species of VARICELLOVIRUS that causes a fatal MENINGOENCEPHALITIS in calves.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
The islands of the Pacific Ocean divided into MICRONESIA; MELANESIA; and POLYNESIA (including NEW ZEALAND). The collective name Oceania includes the aforenamed islands, adding AUSTRALIA; NEW ZEALAND; and the Malay Archipelago (INDONESIA). (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p910, 880)
A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE causing HANTAVIRUS INFECTIONS, first identified during the Korean war. Infection is found primarily in rodents and humans. Transmission does not appear to involve arthropods. HANTAAN VIRUS is the type species.
An infraclass of MAMMALS, also called Metatheria, where the young are born at an early stage of development and continue to develop in a pouch (marsupium). In contrast to Eutheria (placentals), marsupials have an incomplete PLACENTA.
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.
Member of the genus Trichechus found in the Amazon and Orinoco drainages of northeastern South America. (From Scott, Concise Encyclopedia Biology, 1996)
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Several species of the genus Simulium (family Simuliidae) that act as intermediate hosts (vectors) for the parasitic disease ONCHOCERCIASIS.
A plant species of the family AQUIFOLIACEAE. An infusion of the leaves is commonly drunk in South America for stimulating effect in much the same manner as coffee is in other cultures.
One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.
The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A species of ALPHAVIRUS that is the etiologic agent of encephalomyelitis in humans and equines. It is seen most commonly in parts of Central and South America.
Member of the genus Trichechus inhabiting the coast and coastal rivers of the southeastern United States as well as the West Indies and the adjacent mainland from Vera Cruz, Mexico to northern South America. (From Scott, Concise Encyclopedia Biology, 1996)
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
A genus of TOGAVIRIDAE, also known as Group A arboviruses, serologically related to each other but not to other Togaviridae. The viruses are transmitted by mosquitoes. The type species is the SINDBIS VIRUS.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.
Common name of the order Siluriformes. This order contains many families and over 2,000 species, including venomous species. Heteropneustes and Plotosus genera have dangerous stings and are aggressive. Most species are passive stingers.
All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).
Vaccine used to prevent YELLOW FEVER. It consists of a live attenuated 17D strain of the YELLOW FEVER VIRUS.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)

Distribution of keratins, vimentin, and actin in the testis of two South American camelids: vicuna (Vicugna vicugna) and llama (Lama glama). An immunohistochemical study. (1/892)

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the pattern of distribution of cytokeratins, vimentin and muscular actin in the testis of vicuna (Vicugna vicugna) and llama (Lama glama) two species of camelids native of the Andean high plateau of South America. Testicular biopsies of four vicunas and five llamas were used. Animals were healthy breeders. The tissues were processed by standard immunohistochemistry with antipancytokeratinAE1/AE3, antikeratin 18 (K 18), CAM 5.2 (antikeratin 5, 18, and 19), antivimentin, and smooth-muscle-specific antiactin antibodies to track the cytoskeletal pattern of testicular cells. Using AE1/AE3 antibody the immunostaining was found in the epithelial lining of tubuli recti and rete testis. The reaction was relatively stronger in the apical cytoplasm of epithelial cells. The testicular cells of the two species showed no reaction to K 18 and CAM 5.2 antibodies. Antivimentin antibody stained the basal cytoplasm of the Sertoli cells, the Leydig cells, and the epithelial lining of tubuli recti and rete testis. In the last two structures the immunostain was relatively more intense in the basal cytoplasm of epithelial cells. Antiactin antibody stained the peritubular cells and the muscle cells of the lamina propria oftubuli recti and rete testis. The presence in these species of only some keratins found in man, its coexpression with vimentin in epithelial lining of tubuli recti and rete testis and the peritubule organization, so different from other ungulates may reflect a differential adaptation of the cytoskeleton to particular reproductive strategies.  (+info)

Health maintenance organizations in developing countries: what can we expect? (2/892)

Health maintenance organizations (HMOs) are a relatively new and alternative means of providing health care, combining a risk-sharing (insurance) function with health service provision. Their potential for lowering costs has attracted great interest in the USA and elsewhere, and has raised questions regarding their applicability to other settings. Little attention, however, has been given to critically reviewing the experience with HMOs in other countries, particularly concerning their introduction to settings other than the USA. This paper first reviews the current experience of HMOs in low- and middle-income countries, including Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Uruguay, Chile and Indonesia. Secondly, the paper reviews the USA experience with HMOs: prerequisites for the establishment of HMOs in the USA are identified and discussed, followed by a review of the performance of HMOs in terms of cost containment, integration of care and quality of care for the elderly and poor. The analysis concludes that difficulties may arise when implementing HMOs in developing countries, and that potential adverse effects on the overall health care delivery system may occur. These should be avoided by careful analyses of a nation's health care system.  (+info)

Containing health costs in the Americas. (3/892)

In recent years, a series of policy measures affecting both demand and supply components of health care have been adopted in different Latin American and Caribbean countries, as well as in Canada and the United States. In applying these measures various objectives have been pursued, among them: to mobilize additional resources to increase operating budgets; to reduce unnecessary utilization of health services and consumption of pharmaceuticals; to control increasing production costs; and to contain the escalation of health care expenditures. In terms of demand management, some countries have established cost-recovery programmes in an attempt to offset declining revenues. These measures have the potential to generate additional operating income in public facilities, particularly if charges are levied on hospital care. However, only scant information is available on the effects of user charges on demand, utilization, or unit costs. In terms of supply management, corrective measures have concentrated on limiting the quantity and the relative prices of different inputs and outputs. Hiring freezes, salary caps, limitations on new construction and equipment, use of drug lists, bulk procurement of medicines and vaccines, and budget ceilings are among the measures utilized to control production costs in the health sector. To moderate health care expenditures, various approaches have been followed to subject providers to 'financial discipline'. Among them, new reimbursement modalities such as prospective payment systems offer an array of incentives to modify medical practice. Cost-containment efforts have also spawned innovations in the organization and delivery of health services. Group plans have been established on the basis of prepaid premiums to provide directly much or all health care needs of affiliates and their families. The issue of intrasectorial co-ordination, particularly between ministries of health and social security institutions, has much relevance for cost containment. In various countries, large-scale reorganization processes have been undertaken to eliminate costly duplications of resources, personnel, and services that resulted from the multiplicity of providers in the public subsector. Given the pluralistic character of the region's health systems, an important challenge for policy-makers is to find ways to redefine the role of state intervention in health from the simple provision of services to one that involves the 'management' of health care in the entire sector.  (+info)

Evidence on the origin of cassava: phylogeography of Manihot esculenta. (4/892)

Cassava (Manihot esculenta subsp. esculenta) is a staple crop with great economic importance worldwide, yet its evolutionary and geographical origins have remained unresolved and controversial. We have investigated this crop's domestication in a phylogeographic study based on the single-copy nuclear gene glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3pdh). The G3pdh locus provides high levels of noncoding sequence variation in cassava and its wild relatives, with 28 haplotypes identified among 212 individuals (424 alleles) examined. These data represent one of the first uses of a single-copy nuclear gene in a plant phylogeographic study and yield several important insights into cassava's evolutionary origin: (i) cassava was likely domesticated from wild M. esculenta populations along the southern border of the Amazon basin; (ii) the crop does not seem to be derived from several progenitor species, as previously proposed; and (iii) cassava does not share haplotypes with Manihot pruinosa, a closely related, potentially hybridizing species. These findings provide the clearest picture to date on cassava's origin. When considered in a genealogical context, relationships among the G3pdh haplotypes are incongruent with taxonomic boundaries, both within M. esculenta and at the interspecific level; this incongruence is probably a result of lineage sorting among these recently diverged taxa. Although phylogeographic studies in animals have provided many new evolutionary insights, application of phylogeography in plants has been hampered by difficulty in obtaining phylogenetically informative intraspecific variation. This study demonstrates that single-copy nuclear genes can provide a useful source of informative variation in plants.  (+info)

Detection of an archaic clone of Staphylococcus aureus with low-level resistance to methicillin in a pediatric hospital in Portugal and in international samples: relics of a formerly widely disseminated strain? (5/892)

Close to half of the 878 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains recovered between 1992 and 1997 from the pediatric hospital in Lisbon were bacteria in which antibiotic resistance was limited to beta-lactam antibiotics. The other half were multidrug resistant. The coexistence of MRSA with such unequal antibiotic resistance profiles prompted us to use molecular typing techniques for the characterization of the MRSA strains. Fifty-three strains chosen randomly were typed by a combination of genotypic methods. Over 90% of the MRSA strains belonged to two clones: the most frequent one, designated the "pediatric clone," was reminiscent of historically "early" MRSA: most isolates of this clone were only resistant to beta-lactam antimicrobials and remained susceptible to macrolides, quinolones, clindamycin, spectinomycin, and tetracycline. They showed heterogeneous and low-level resistance to methicillin (MIC, 1.5 to 6 microg/ml), carried the ClaI-mecA polymorph II, were free of the transposon Tn554, and showed macrorestriction pattern D (clonal type II::NH::D). The second major clone was the internationally spread and multiresistant "Iberian" MRSA with homogeneous and high-level resistance to methicillin (MIC, >200 microg/ml) and clonal type I::E::A. Surprisingly, the multidrug-resistant and highly epidemic Iberian MRSA did not replace the much less resistant pediatric clone during the 6 years of surveillance. The pediatric clone was also identified among contemporary MRSA isolates from Poland, Argentina, The United States, and Colombia, and the overwhelming majority of these were also associated with pediatric settings. We propose that the pediatric MRSA strain represents a formerly widely spread archaic clone which survived in some epidemiological settings with relatively limited antimicrobial pressure.  (+info)

New World hantaviruses. (6/892)

Since the initial description in 1993 of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome and its novel aetiological agent, Sin Nombre virus, our knowledge of the epidemiology of New World hantaviruses has continued to evolve. After the identifying outbreak in the southwestern US, four hantaviruses have been identified in North America with specific rodent hosts and associated with a number of sporadic cases. This stability of case recognition in North America is in contrast to the multiple outbreaks and endemic cases in South America. Despite a plethora of New World hantaviruses and new evidence of person-to-person transmission, the ecological and personal determinants of this human infection remain a mystery.  (+info)

Impact of maternal nativity on the prevalence of diabetes during pregnancy among U.S. ethnic groups. (7/892)

OBJECTIVE: This study examines the impact of maternal nativity (birthplace) on the overall prevalence of diabetes during pregnancy and among 15 racial and ethnic groups in the U.S. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Birth certificate data for all resident single live births in the U.S. from 1994 to 1996 were used to calculate reported diabetes prevalence during pregnancy and to assess the impact of maternal birthplace outside of the 50 states and Washington, DC, on the risk of diabetes before and after adjustment for differences in maternal age, other sociodemographic characteristics, and late or no initiation of prenatal care overall and for each racial and ethnic group. RESULTS: Mothers born outside of the U.S. are significantly more likely to have diabetes during pregnancy. The impact of maternal nativity on diabetes prevalence is largely explained by the older childbearing age of immigrant mothers. However, adjusted diabetes risk remains elevated for Asian-Indian, non-Hispanic black, Filipino, Puerto Rican, and Central and South American mothers who were born outside the U.S. Conversely, birthplace outside the U.S. significantly reduces diabetes risk for Japanese, Mexican, and Native American women. CONCLUSIONS: Identification, treatment, and follow-up of immigrant mothers with diabetes during pregnancy may require special attention to language and sociocultural barriers to effective care. Systematic surveillance of the prevalence and impact of diabetes during pregnancy for immigrant and nonimmigrant women, particularly in racial and ethnic minority groups, and more detailed studies on the impact of acculturation on diabetes may increase understanding of the epidemiology of diabetes during pregnancy in our increasingly diverse society.  (+info)

Population structure of the primary malaria vector in South America, Anopheles darlingi, using isozyme, random amplified polymorphic DNA, internal transcribed spacer 2, and morphologic markers. (8/892)

A genetic and morphologic survey of Anopheles darlingi populations collected from seven countries in Central and South America was performed to clarify the taxonomic status of this major malaria vector species in the Americas. Population genetics was based on three techniques including isozyme, random amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain reaction (RAPD-PCR), and internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) markers. The results of the isozyme analysis indicated moderate differences in the allele frequencies of three putative loci (glutamate oxalaoacetate transaminase-1, isocitrate dehydrogenase-1, and phosphoglucomutase) of the 31 analyzed. No fixed electromorphic differences separated the populations of An. darlingi, which showed little genetic divergence (Nei distances = 0.976-0.995). Fragments produced by RAPD-PCR demonstrated evidence of geographic partitioning and showed that all populations were separated by small genetic distances as measured with the 1 - S distance matrix. The ITS2 sequences for all samples were identical except for four individuals from Belize that differed by a three-base deletion (CCC). The morphologic study demonstrated that the Euclidean distances ranged from 0.02 to 0.14, with the highest value observed between populations from Belize and Bolivia. Based on these analyses, all the An. darlingi populations examined demonstrated a genetic similarity that is consistent with the existence of a single species and suggest that gene flow is occurring throughout the species' geographic range.  (+info)

Classic and retro South American national football teams shirts and kit from 1970s to present day. All our soccer apparel is 100% original. Fast worldwide delivery., Category: Colombia, Other South American, Brand: Reebok , Years: 2001 2009
Classic and retro South American national football teams shirts and kit from 1970s to present day. All our soccer apparel is 100% original. Fast worldwide delivery., Category: Colombia, Other South American, Years: 2001 2000 2006
The IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group / Canid Species Accounts. The fauna and flora of South America are remarkable for their endemism. The canids of South America are no exception. There are 10 canid species found here, of which 9 are endemic. The 10th species, the gray fox, occurs mainly in North and Central America, extending its range only into northern South America.. The majority of canids found in South America are commonly referred to as foxes. However, to distinguish the endemic South American Pseudalopex spp. (formerly Dusicyon) and Cerdocyon thous, we refer to these by their Spanish name zorro. The zorros are found in every habitat on the continent, from the coastal deserts (Sechuran zorro), to the open savanna (grey zorro, culpeo, Azaras zorros). While elsewhere (Asia, Africa) canids invariably shun the rain forest, one species of South American zorro is found in the rain forests (small-eared zorro) and another (the crab-eating zorro) inhabits coastal and lowland forests. In ...
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We use formaldehyde (HCHO) vertical column measurements from the Scanning Imaging Absorption spectrometer for Atmospheric Chartography (SCIAMACHY) and Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), and a nested-grid version of the GEOS-Chem chemistry transport model, to infer an ensemble of top-down isoprene emission estimates from tropical South America during 2006, using different model configurations and assumptions in the HCHO air-mass factor (AMF) calculation. Scenes affected by biomass burning are removed on a daily basis using fire count observations, and we use the local model sensitivity to identify locations where the impact of spatial smearing is small, though this comprises spatial coverage over the region. We find that the use of the HCHO column data more tightly constrains the ensemble isoprene emission range from 27-61 Tg C to 31-38 Tg C for SCIAMACHY, and 45-104 Tg C to 28-38 Tg C for OMI. Median uncertainties of the top-down emissions are about 60-260% for SCIAMACHY, and 10-90% for OMI. We ...
Penn Museum objects that appear(ed) in Gift of Birds: The Featherwork of Native South American Peoples | 16 Nov 1991 - 28 May 1994
This study examines a genome-wide dataset of 678 Short Tandem Repeat loci characterized in 444 individuals representing 29 Native American populations as well as the Tundra Netsi and Yakut populations from Siberia. Using these data, the study tests four current hypotheses regarding the hierarchical distribution of neutral genetic variation in native South American populations: (1) the western region of South America harbors more variation than the eastern region of South America, (2) Central American and western South American populations cluster exclusively, (3) populations speaking the Chibchan-Paezan and Equatorial-Tucanoan language stock emerge as a group within an otherwise South American clade, (4) Chibchan-Paezan populations in Central America emerge together at the tips of the Chibchan-Paezan cluster. This study finds that hierarchical models with the best fit place Central American populations, and populations speaking the Chibchan-Paezan language stock, at a basal position or separated ...
This study examines a genome-wide dataset of 678 Short Tandem Repeat loci characterized in 444 individuals representing 29 Native American populations as well as the Tundra Netsi and Yakut populations from Siberia. Using these data, the study tests four current hypotheses regarding the hierarchical distribution of neutral genetic variation in native South American populations: (1) the western region of South America harbors more variation than the eastern region of South America, (2) Central American and western South American populations cluster exclusively, (3) populations speaking the Chibchan-Paezan and Equatorial-Tucanoan language stock emerge as a group within an otherwise South American clade, (4) Chibchan-Paezan populations in Central America emerge together at the tips of the Chibchan-Paezan cluster. This study finds that hierarchical models with the best fit place Central American populations, and populations speaking the Chibchan-Paezan language stock, at a basal position or separated ...
This selective review of the Quaternary paleoclimate of the South American summer monsoon (SASM) domain presents viewpoints regarding a range of key issues in the field, many of which are unresolved and some of which are controversial. (1) El Niño-Southern Oscillation variability, while the most important global-scale mode of interannual climate variation, is insufficient to explain most of the variation of tropical South American climate observed in both the instrumental and the paleoclimate records. (2) Significant climate variation in tropical South America occurs on seasonal to orbital (i.e. multi-millennial) time scales as a result of sea-surface temperature (SST) variation and ocean-atmosphere interactions of the tropical Atlantic. (3) Decadal-scale climate variability, linked with this tropical Atlantic variability, has been a persistent characteristic of climate in tropical South America for at least the past half millennium, and likely, far beyond. (4) Centennial-to-millennial climate ...
Historically, most T. cruzi DTUs have had broadly distinct, but often overlapping, geographic and ecologic distributions (2). TcV and TcVI are largely confined to domestic transmission cycles and are sympatric with severe chronic and congenital human disease in southern South America (2). Increased sampling indicates that the geographic ranges of TcV and TcVI are more extensive than previously suggested. Putative domestic hybrid strains were identified recently as far north as Colombia (5); it is unclear whether these are bona fide TcV and TcVI isolates (suggesting long-range introduction) or progeny of a novel, independent, and local recombination event(s). Elucidation of the molecular epidemiology of TcV and TcVI has been complicated by limited sample collections and difficulties distinguishing these genotypes from their parental DTUs (6) and each other (7). We undertook high-resolution nuclear and mitochondrial genotyping of hybrid clones from Colombia to resolve their putative status as ...
News | South America - Zika Virus in South America - Recent News South America bus and travel passes for backpackers. Search our Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina and Chile bus and travel passes. We also organise trips to Machu Picchu via the train or Inca Trail, Rio Carnival reservations and other backpacker tours. Cheap South American travel is here!
South America With the exodus of more than 4. 5 million Venezuelans, South America is experiencing major change in migration flows and policies. Beyond the immediate migration crisis, the region has experienced more movement in recent years, chiefly for labor reasons, with Brazil the preferred destination for migration from outside the continent. Migration beyond South America is chiefly to the United States and Europe. The articles offered here sketch the dynamism of South Americas migration trends and policies. Page 9 |
This volume of quaternary vertebrate palaeontology in southern South America contains a range of topics from quaternary vertebrate palaeontology in Argentina an
Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. As the worlds fifth-largest country by area and sixth by population, it is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers (4,655 mi) It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continents land area. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection. ...
In biogeography, the Neotropic or Neotropical realm is one of the eight terrestrial realms. This realm includes South America, Central America, the Caribbean islands, and southern North America. In Mexico, the Yucatán Peninsula and southern lowlands, and most of the east and west coastlines, including the southern tip of the Baja California Peninsula are Neotropical. In the United States southern Florida and the coastal portion of the Rio Grande Valley in South Texas may be considered Neotropical. The realm also includes temperate southern South America. In contrast, the Neotropical Floristic Kingdom excludes southernmost South America, which instead is placed in the Antarctic kingdom. The Neotropic is delimited by similarities in fauna or flora. Its fauna and flora are distinct from the Nearctic realm (which includes most of North America) because of the long separation of the two continents. The formation of the Isthmus of Panama joined the two continents two to three million years ago, ...
Origins of agriculture - The Americas: Indigenous peoples in the Americas created a variety of agricultural systems that were suited to a wide range of environments, from southern Canada to southern South America and from high elevations in the Andes to the lowlands of the Amazon River. Agriculture arose independently in at least three regions: South America, Mesoamerica, and eastern North America. Although the Americas had several indigenous animal species that were domesticated, none were of an appropriate size or temperament for use as draft animals; as a result, the plow and other technology reliant on heavy traction were unknown. Swidden production, also known as slash-and-burn
Abstract:. Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) plays a key role in several biological functions, including human health. Skin exposure to UVR is the main factor in vitamin D photoconversion. There is also evidence relating low levels of vitamin D with certain internal cancers, mainly colon, breast and prostate, as well as other diseases. Several epidemiological studies have shown an inverse relationship between the above-mentioned diseases and latitude, in accordance with the ultraviolet radiation latitudinal gradient. The aim of this study is to determine whether UV irradiance levels in the southern South America are sufficient to produce suitable levels of vitamin D year around. For this purpose, vitamin D photoconversion weighted-irradiance was analyzed between S.S. de Jujuy (24.17°S, 65.02°W) and Ushuaia (54° 50′S, 68° 18′W). In addition to irradiance, skin type and area of body exposed to sunlight are critical factors in vitamin D epidemiology. Due to a broad ethnic variability, it was ...
Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Southern South American Migratory Grassland Bird Species and Their Habitats. ...
Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Southern South American Migratory Grassland Bird Species and Their Habitats. ...
Paraguay will continue to dial back pandemic stimulus next year as a fast growing economy cushions austerity measures that have proved unpopular in other South American countries, Bloomberg News reported. The government has already reduced temporary pandemic cash transfers to people working in the countrys vast informal sector without triggering social unrest, Finance Minister Oscar Llamosas said in an interview. The task of adjusting fiscal accounts was largely done this year, and the idea is to continue that in next years budget, Llamosas said ...
In biogeography, the Neotropic or Neotropical realm is one of the eight terrestrial realms. This realm includes South and Central America, and in North America the southern Mexican lowlands, the Caribbean islands, southern Florida, and the coastal portion of the Río Grande Valley in South Texas because these regions share a large number of plant and animal groups.. The realm also includes temperate southern South America. In contrast, the Neotropical Floristic Kingdom excludes southernmost South America, which instead is placed in the Antarctic kingdom.. The Neotropic is delimited by similarities in fauna or flora. Its fauna and flora are distinct from the Nearctic (which includes most of North America) because of the long separation of the two continents. The formation of the Isthmus of Panama joined the two continents two to three million years ago, precipitating the Great American Interchange, an important biogeographical event.. The Neotropic includes more tropical rainforest (tropical and ...
Indias tropical south is a land full of fertile forests, sweeping grasslands and tea plantations. We visit the two southern states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala, both with distinctive cultures and contrasting scenery. Kerala is a true tropical paradise with an idyllic coastline and lush tropical mountains, which is evident as we travel between the old spice town of Cochin and the beautiful hill station of Munnar.
Indias tropical south is a land full of fertile forests, sweeping grasslands and tea plantations. We visit the two southern states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala, both with distinctive cultures and contrasting scenery. Kerala is a true tropical paradise with an idyllic coastline and lush tropical mountains, which is evident as we travel between the old spice town of Cochin and the beautiful hill station of Munnar.
We assessed the influence of the marine diazotrophic cyanobacterium Trichodesmium on the bio-optical properties of western tropical South Pacific (WTSP) waters (18-22 degrees S, 160 degrees E-160 degrees W) during the February-March 2015 OUTPACE cruise. We performed measurements of backscattering and absorption coefficients, irradiance, and radiance in the euphotic zone with a Satlantic MicroPro free-fall profiler and took Underwater Vision Profiler 5 (UPV5) pictures for counting the largest Trichodesmium spp. colonies. Pigment concentrations were determined by fluorimetry and high-performance liquid chromatography and picoplankton abundance by flow cytometry. Trichome concentration was estimated from pigment algorithms and validated by surface visual counts. The abundance of large colonies counted by the UVP5 (maximum 7093 colonies m(-3)) was well correlated to the trichome concentrations (maximum 2093 trichomes L-1) with an aggregation factor of 600. In the Melanesian archipelago, a maximum of ...
Adventure Holidays in South America With lost cities, rainbow mountains, salt plains, and extraordinary wildlife, holidays in South America are imbued with a magic all of their own. From the Caribbean Coast of Venezuela to the glacial fjords of Patagonia, South Americas epic canvas takes in a riotous mix of culture, and outstanding adventure trails.Theres trekking in Chile; Machu Picchu peaking through the cloud forest in Peru; bird spotting in Guyana or Galapagos. And then theres the Amazon. Exploring the biggest and most diverse ecosystem in the world is the stuff that holiday legends are made of. Add in Argentinas deliciously smokey red wine and plate-sized steaks, and your South America tour has all the ingredients for the an adventure holiday like no other.
The South American coati is widespread in tropical and subtropical South America. Most of its distribution is in the lowlands east of the Andes (locally, it occurs as high as 2,500 m or 8,200 ft), from Colombia and The Guianas south to Uruguay and northern Argentina (Chile is the only South American country where the species is not found).[2][3]. The status of coatis west of the Andes has caused some confusion,[4] but specimen records from west Ecuador, and north and west Colombia are South American coatis.[5][6] The only documented records of white-nosed coatis in South America are from far northwestern Colombia (Gulf of Urabá region, near Colombian border with Panama).[5][6] The smaller mountain coatis are mainly found at altitudes above the South American coati, but there is considerable overlap.[7]. ...
Background Cryptic morphological variation in the Chiropteran genus Myotis limits the understanding of species boundaries and species richness within the genus. Several authors have suggested that it is likely there are unrecognized species-level lineages of Myotis in the Neotropics. This study provides an assessment of the diversity in New World Myotis by analyzing cytochrome-b gene variation from an expansive sample ranging throughout North, Central, and South America. We provide baseline genetic data for researchers investigating phylogeographic and phylogenetic patterns of Myotis in these regions, with an emphasis on South America. Methodology and Principal Findings Cytochrome-b sequences were generated and phylogenetically analyzed from 215 specimens, providing DNA sequence data for the most species of New World Myotis to date. Based on genetic data in our sample, and on comparisons with available DNA sequence data from GenBank, we estimate the number of species-level genetic lineages in South
Bolivia has officially declared Israel a terrorist state, while several South American countries have pulled their ambassadors from Israel in protest of the ongoing war with militant Islamist group Hamas in Gaza. Israels military has announced that it will continue fighting, however, until it destroys the terrorist tunnels it says are used by Hamas to attack soldiers and civilians inside Israel.
The sea temperature in the Other South Pacific Islands today and the sea water temperature forecast for the next 7 days in several cities in the Other South Pacific Islands.
In Myrtaceae (Myrteae), the diploid chromosome number 2n = 2x = 22 is the most common, although variations of ploidy level occur, with some triploid ( 2n = 3x = 33) and tetraploid (2n = 4x = 44) records. Karyotype details in this group are scarce because the chromosomes are small (, 2 mu m). In this work, we carried out a karyotypic analysis of 15 species of Myrtaceae grouped in different subtribes and genera. Measurements of chromosome length (long arm, L; short arm, S) were taken and several karyotypic parameters were calculated for each species. The karyotypes in fleshy-fruited taxa (Myrteae) were more varied than in the other previously analysed dry-fruited group ( Eucalyptus, Eucalypteae), in which the chromosomes were exclusively metacentric. (c) 2007 The Linnean Society of London, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2007, 155, 571-580 ...
The South American coati (Nasua nasua), also known as the ring-tailed coati, is native to South America. Its range is large and includes lowland tropical and subtropical habitats. The only South American country where this species does not occur is Chile. It can be found at elevations of up to 8,200 feet. This species is locally known as quati in the Portuguese language. It holds thirteen recognized subspecies.. The South American coati can reach an average body length between thirty-three and forty-four inches, with an average weight of up to sixteen pounds. Its tail is long, taking up nearly half of its body length. The coloring of this species can vary, and the rings found on the tail can be dark or light. Unlike its relative, the white-nosed coati, this species does not have a white nose.. The South American coati is active during the day, and can be found in trees or on the ground. Males are typically solitary, but females will gather groups known as bands, which consist of fifteen to ...
Chile is a long slice of land on the Pacific coast of South America. Dense forests, soaring mountains, blazing deserts and serene lakes make traveling the length of this country a dizzying whirlwind tour of natural landscape. From the equatorial warmth in its north to the icebergs on the south, Chile has a variety of climates. The ease and convenience you will find traveling in this country are due to the high amount of European visitors on South America tours, which is reflected in prices that are higher than its neighbors. Along with the indigenous Mapuche culture that has managed to preserve its traditional way of life, German, Spanish, Irish and English and immigrants add to the bevy of influences that extends to the people of Chile. The Torres del Paine National Park has mutli-colored granite towers, carved by glaciers. The undulating landscape bears the marks these massive ice floes left on the tundra of these Chilean foothills. Pink flamingoes, fast moving ostriches, dolphins, sea lions ...
With just about everywhere hosting their own music conference these days its now South Americas turn to jump on the bandwagon and presents the South American Music Conference, due to take place in Buenos Aries on the 11th December at the Centro Costa Salguero.. Fast developing a reputation for being the party capital of S. America reinforced with the recent addition of Creamfields to the Citys calendar and now this conference, Buenos Aries is leading the southerly continents conversion to dance music.. One of the organisers of the event, Maria Noel, said: Buenos Aires is now the epicenter of cultural movement in South America. The inexhaustible supply of bistros, bars and nightclubs makes the perfect frame for nocturnal activity. The South American Music Conference is a unique opportunity to witness the wealth of dance music talent Latin America has to offer.. Every aspect of the industry promises to be represented at the event including artists, distributors, manufacturers, nightclub and ...
Due to both deliberate and accidental introductions, invasive African Clawed Frog (Xenopus laevis) populations have become established worldwide. In this study, we investigate the geographic origins of invasive X. laevis populations in France and Portugal using the phylogeographic structure of X. laevis in its native South African range. In total, 80 individuals from the whole area known to be invaded in France and Portugal were analysed for two mitochondrial and three nuclear genes, allowing a comparison with 185 specimens from the native range. Our results show that native phylogeographic lineages have contributed differently to invasive European X. laevis populations. In Portugal, genetic and historical data suggest a single colonization event involving a small number of individuals from the south-western Cape region in South Africa. In contrast, French invasive X. laevis encompass two distinct native phylogeographic lineages, i.e., one from the south-western Cape region and one from the ...
Alstroemeriaceae is a family of flowering plants, with 254 known species in four genera (Christenhusz & Byng 2016 [2]), almost entirely native to the Americas, from Central America to southern South America. One species of Luzuriaga occurs in New Zealand, and the genus Drymophila is endemic to south-eastern Australia. The genus Alstroemeria, commonly called the Peruvian lilies, are popular florists and garden flowers. The genus Bomarea is a vine that produces clusters of variously-colored, bell-shaped flowers. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Group-velocity tomography and lithospheric S-velocity structure of the South American continent. AU - Feng, Mei. AU - Assumpção, Marcelo. AU - Van der Lee, Suzan. PY - 2004/12/15. Y1 - 2004/12/15. N2 - The lithosphere of the South American continent has been studied little, especially in northern Brazil (the Amazonian region). A 3D lithospheric S-velocity model of South America was obtained by first carrying out Rayleigh and Love wave group-velocity tomography, and then inverting the regionalized dispersion curves. Fundamental mode group velocities were measured using a Multiple Filtering Technique. More than 12,000 paths were examined and about 6000 Rayleigh- and 3500 Love-wave dispersion curves with good quality were retrieved. Checkerboard tests showed that our dataset permits the resolution of features 400-800 km across laterally in the central part of the continent from crustal to upper mantle depths. Our results confirm previous tomographic results and correlate well with ...
Several North American species of Pogonomyrmex harvester ants exhibit group foraging, whereas South American species are exclusively solitary foragers. The composition of the secretions of the poison
The Georgia Department of Natural Resources has documented at least four adult Argentine black and white tegus in the state. Also, there have been 20 sightings in the stretch of forest, farmland and streams from the south Georiga town of Lyons to Reidsville.. The agency is encouraging residents to report sightings as biologists investigate their possible expansion into Georgia.. ___. Information from: Savannah Morning News, http://www.savannahnow.com. Associated Press ...
Bolivia - description and travel/(1) /Chile - description and travel/(1) /Colombia - description and travel/(1) /Ecuador - description and travel/(1) /Peru - people and places/(1) /Peru - travel and description/(1) /South America Collection/(1) /South American Inidans - Colombia/(1) 2007(1) Erfahrung(1) genre - travel(1) hardcover(1) Leben(1) loc:südamerika(1) non-fiction(1) Reisen(2) signiert(1) South America(3) stories(1) to-read(4) travel(2) travel literature(1) xxx(1) ...
Other articles where False beech is discussed: Fagales: Nothofagaceae: …consists of 35 species of Nothofagus that are scattered throughout southern South America, Australia, New Zealand, New Caledonia, and the mountains of New Guinea. The history of the genus has frequently been cited as evidence of continental drift after the breakup of the single large continent of Gondwana during the…
Herpetological collection covering mainly lizards, snakes and terrestrial turtles of southern South America. Monte and Patagonian Steppe samples represent more than 80 % of the specimens. The majority of the specimens are lizards of the Liolaemus genus but a large number of Phymaturus, Diplolaemus, Homonota and Cnemidophorus species is deposited. Almost all material have tissues samples used mainly for phylogenetic and phylogeographic studies of the Grupo de Herpetologia Patagonica. Almost all specimens are fixed according standard procedures, except snakes and turtles; the majority of this samples were collected as dead specimens ...
The origin, affinity and paleoecology of macrofossils of soft-bodied organisms of the terminal Ediacaran Period have been highly debated. Previous discoveries in South America are restricted to small shelly metazoans of the Nama Assemblage. Here we report for the first time the occurrence of discoidal structures from the Upper Ediacaran Cerro Negro Formation, La Providencia Group, Argentina. Specimens are preserved in tabular sandstones with microbially-induced sedimentary structures. Flute marks and linear scours at the base of the sandstone layers indicate deposition under high energy, episodic flows. Stratigraphic, sedimentologic, petrographic and taphonomic analyses indicate that the origin of these structures is not related to abiotic process. Preservational and morphological features, as invagination and the presence of radial grooves, indicate that they resemble typical morphs of the Aspidella plexus. The large number of small-sized individuals and the wide range of size classes with skewed
High Resolution Animated Satellite loop of South America Including Water Vapor South America, Central America, Caribbean Sea, and the Southern Atlantic Ocean Satellite.
New infections have fallen sharply in nearly every nation in South America as vaccination rates have ramped up. The reprieve has been so sharp and fast, even as the Delta variant wreaks havoc elsewhere in the world, that experts cant quite explain it.. Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Peru, Colombia, Uruguay and Paraguay experienced dramatic surges of cases in the first months of the year, just as vaccines started to arrive in the region. Containment measures were uneven and largely lax because governments were desperate to jump-start languishing economies.. Now the situation has cooled across South America, said Carla Domingues, an epidemiologist who ran Brazils immunization program until 2019. Its a phenomenon we dont know how to explain.. There have been no new sweeping or large-scale containment measures in the region, although some countries have imposed strict border controls. A major factor in the recent drop in cases, experts say, is the speed with which the region ultimately managed to ...
Sweet potatoes have an ancient history of cultivation as a food crop. Archaeological evidence suggests that sweet potatoes may have been grown in Peru for as long as 5,000 years. This crop is known to have been cultivated in the tropical Americas, Southeast Asia, and Polynesia at the time of the first visits to these regions by Europeans. Many botanists believe that the sweet potato originated in Central America or northern South America, and was then somehow transported to Asia during prehistoric times. This dispersal may have happened by now-forgotten, trans-Pacific trade or migration voyages, or possibly by seed capsules floating across the ocean.. There are many varieties of sweet potatoes, but these can be categorized into two broad groups. One group has moist, sweet tubers with an orange-colored interior-this is the type most commonly found in markets in North America. The other, more diverse group of sweet potatoes has a drier and mealier tuber, with a yellow, white, or red-colored ...
UCSF researchers in Brazil are working on drug development for Chagas disease and genetic susceptibility to visceral leishmaniasis. Large clinical trial cohorts, many of them HIV related, have sites in South America, such as International Network for Strategic Initiatives in Global HIV Trials (INSIGHT), International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Group (IMPAACT), and the Tuberculosis Trial Consortium. The Prevention and Public Health Group (PPHG) (formerly the Institute for Global Health) works with PEPFAR on HIV/AIDS epidemiology, prevention, and treatment program implementation in Guyana.. Policy research based at UCSF engages with the cost of essential medications and tobacco control in South America.. ...
More than any other continent, South America has preserved the conditions that allow mythology to be freely produced. Dividing the continent into seven carefully mapped regions, John Bierhorst shows how South Americas principal myths can be traced from tribe to tribe and how each region has developed its own unique oral tradition. Generous samples from the stories themselves introduce the female creators of the northern Andes, the male gods of the ancient Incas, and the Brazilian tricksters Sun and Moon. Originally published in 1988, Bierhorst has updated the text to reflect the abundance of new information that has become available since the mid 80s and written a new Afterword in which he emphasizes the durability of Indian mythology. Illustrations of native artwork and chapters devoted to special topics--including the connections between myths and politics--help to provide a well-rounded overview of this fascinating and little-known lore. Detailed maps show tribal locations and the distribution of
The Iguazu waterfalls. Argentina, Brazil, South America Stock Photo. csp7797911 - The Iguazu waterfalls. Argentina, Brazil, South America. Affordable Royalty Free Stock Photography. Downloads for just $2.50, with thousands of images added daily. Subscriptions available for just $39.00. Our stock photo image search engine contains royalty free photos, vector clip art images, clipart illustrations.
Itinerary for Marina: 12 Night South America Cruise from Buenos Aires, Argentina to South America with Oceania Cruises. View deals, rates and port information.
Brazil is home to over 211 million people and has the largest population of any country in South America. As a matter of fact they make up almost half of the total population of South America. Brazil has a bit of a complicated background when it comes to gambling. For many years gambling was popular in Brazil but in the 1940s after a change in government it was made illegal. However, 50 years later during the 1990s a loophole was exploited so that gambling on bingo machines was allowed as long as they were used to support non-profit or religious organizations. The loophole was closed over a bribery scandal but that decision was quickly reversed as a result of public outcry and people were again allowed to play bingo.. During the 2000s online betting was gaining a foothold in Brazil and becoming popular with many people. This rise in popularity prompted the government to pass a law in 2011 that banned the use of credit cards or debit cards for making wagers, both online and offline. However, ...
ELECTRIC FUEL OIL PRE-HEATERS SOUTH AMERICA REPORT + DATABASE The Electric Fuel Oil Pre-Heaters South America Report & Database gives Market Consumption...
The various segments of the South America market for Wine have been discussed carefully at length. The various application segments, product segments, and end user segments have been discussed in the report, leveraging historical and current figures. Leveraging both primary and secondary research, the report arrives at growth figures for each of the segments. This enables it to find out the South America market for Wines growth prospects. This helps to furnish a granular overview of the market for Wine and the areas where main opportunities lie ...
Find cheap flights from Inverness to South America. Search the best prices for return flights with Qatar Airways, Japan Airlines, Cathay Pacific from 300+ websites. Get real-time pricing on Inverness to South America airfare in seconds on Cheapflights.co.uk today.
Snow forecast map for South America showing snow accumulation over the next 10 days and past 7 days, plus snow reports, live weather conditions and webcams. Find the best snow conditions in South America for skiing and snowboarding.
South America: Sheep And Goat Meat - Market Report. Analysis And Forecast To 2025 South America: Sheep And Goat Meat - Market Report. Analysis And - Market research report and industry analysis - 11522659
The Piperaceae, one of the larger families of flowering plants, is pantropic in its distribution. Species are especially abundant in Latin America. They extend from the Keys of Florida through the West Indies, Mexico, and Central America, south- ward to Chile and Argentina. They occur in greatest number throughout northern South America from Brazil to Peru and northward to Panama and Costa Rica. Some species are widespread in their occurrence but each country has a rather large number of endemics. The total number of valid American species is unknown but unquestionably amounts to many hundreds and may approximate 2,000 or more. A number of species of widespread distribution; e.g., Piper aduncurn, P. hispidum, P. marginatum, and others appear to exhibit an infinite capacity of varia- tion in minor characters of leaf size, shape, and indumentum. The extremes often appear quite distinct in themselves but study of large numbers of collections may reveal intergradations to such a degree that the ...
Abstract. Sampling along a precipitation gradient in tropical South America extending from ca. 0.8 to 2.0 m a−1, savanna soils had consistently lower exchangeable cation concentrations and higher C / N ratios than nearby forest plots. These soil differences were also reflected in canopy averaged leaf traits with savanna trees typically having higher leaf mass per unit area but lower mass-based nitrogen (Nm) and potassium (Km). Both Nm and Km also increased with declining mean annual precipitation (PA), but most area-based leaf traits such as leaf photosynthetic capacity showed no systematic variation with PA or vegetation type. Despite this invariance, when taken in conjunction with other measures such as mean canopy height, area-based soil exchangeable potassium content, [K]sa , proved to be an excellent predictor of several photosynthetic properties (including 13C isotope discrimination). Moreover, when considered in a multivariate context with PA and soil plant available water storage ...
A prime example of the kind of evidence at hand to establish transoceanic transport for such organisms is the case of the hookworm, Ancylostoma duodenale. Its relative rarity in some tropical areas of the New World and its long-term prevalence in East and Southeast Asia make the latter area the place where epidemiologists think the organism originated. At first early historians of medicine assumed that A. duodenale had been introduced into the Americas by slaves brought from Africa. Early in the 20th century, O. da Fonseca discovered the parasite in an isolated Amerindian population in the Amazon basin.49 Shortly afterward, microbiologist Samuel Darling weighed the evidence and concluded it was likely that the hookworm had reached native South American forest dwellers before Columbus arrived. If that could be proven, he observed, then the only plausible explanation for its presence in the New World would be that it arrived anciently via infected humans who had crossed the ocean.50. His ...
Yellow fever is a viral disease produced by mosquitoes, and is widespread in sub-Saharan Africa and tropical South America. Responsible for approximately 200,000 cases of clinical disease globally, the yellow fever virus also causes 30,000 deaths annually. Clinical disease ranges from mild febrile illness to severe disease with jaundice and hemorrhage ...
Yellow fever is a viral disease produced by mosquitoes, and is widespread in sub-Saharan Africa and tropical South America. Responsible for approximately 200,000 cases of clinical disease globally, the yellow fever virus also causes 30,000 deaths annually. Clinical disease ranges from mild febrile illness to severe disease with jaundice and hemorrhage ...
South America is a continent in the Southern Hemisphere, and part of the Western Hemisphere. To the west it borders the Pacific Ocean, to the east it borders the Atlantic Ocean, and the Caribbean Sea and North America are northwest of it. Together with North America it forms the Americas, and it was named after Amerigo Vespucci. It is the fourth largest continent by area at 17,840,000 km2 (6,890,000 sq miles), and covers almost 3.5% of the earths surface. Its population in 2005 was 371 million, the fifth largest of the continents. ...
South American countries have an amazing and hybrid cuisine, that mixes Old and New World techniques and ingredients. Either if its from Perú, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Venezuela or Guyana, South American cuisine has a richness of flavors, colors,...
It is more than likely South American in origin. The are a large number of Spanish wrecks off the coast of Florida. Though the thought of Atlantis is intriguing, unfortunately, the most likely explanation is often the correct one. Couple that with the fact that Spain basically raped the native South Americans monetarily, and gold wise, it gives one a pretty good explanation of what it was and what it was doing there. Between piracy, hurricanes, etc, there is no doubt in my mind that came from a Spanish ship. People such as Mel Fisher have made millions from their finds, and it is pretty common to find random Spanish gold walking on the beach in Eastern South Florida. Every few months we here a story about such on the local news ...
The piculets are a subfamily of small woodpeckers which are mostly in tropical South America, with just three Asian and one African species. Like true woodpeckers, piculets have large heads, long tongues to get their insect prey and zygodactyl feet, with two toes pointing forward, and two backwards. However, they lack the stiff tail feathers that woodpeckers use when climbing trees. They are more likely to perch on a branch rather than an upright trunk. They eat insects and grubs mainly from decaying wood. They re-use woodpecker holes for nesting, rather than making their own holes. The eggs are white, as with many hole nesters. There are 30 species in all.[1] It is known that they split off from mainstream woodpeckers in the middle Miocene about 15 million years ago (mya). Splits between the three genera happened about 7.9 mya.[2] Typically these birds have grey or dull green upperparts and dark-streaked white underparts. ...
... portal Geography portal Flags of South America List of World Heritage Sites in South America Outline of South ... Almost all of mainland South America sits on the South American Plate. South America is home to the world's highest ... South America (category) Wikivoyage has a travel guide for South America. Wikijunior South America at Wikibooks (Webarchive ... South America is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean; North America and ...
... (77°49′S 161°47′E / 77.817°S 161.783°E / -77.817; 161.783Coordinates: 77°49′S 161°47′E / 77.817°S ... This article incorporates public domain material from "South America Glacier". Geographic Names Information System. United ...
Aperam South America's steel market share in Brazil is estimated to be 90%, and it is the only stainless steel maker in Latin ... Aperam South America, then known Acesita, was founded October 31, 1944, among the cofounders was Percival Farquhar and got into ... Aperam South America, old Acesita and ArcelorMittal Timóteo, is the biggest Brazilian manufacturer of specialty steels. ... In January 2011, was incorporated by the Aperam, changing its name to Aperam South America. Companies portal Vale do Aço Plox ( ...
... is a biogeographic region of the Earth's seas, comprising the temperate and subtropical waters of South ... The Temperate South America realm is divided into five marine provinces. The three larger provinces are composed of smaller ... On the Atlantic coast, Temperate South America transitions to the Tropical Atlantic marine realm near Rio de Janeiro in Brazil ... Temperate South America, Marine realms, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean). ...
... is a 1991 album by the Art Ensemble of Chicago and the Amabutho Male Chorus released on the Japanese DIW ... "America" (Amabutho Male Chorus) - 5:12 "Zola's Smile" (Art Ensemble of Chicago) - 3:52 Recorded December 1989 & January 1990 at ...
... is the first live album by Florida death metal band Malevolent Creation. Kyle Symons - Vocals Phil ...
The Navy and South America, 1801-1823: the Correspondence of the Commanders-in-Chief on the South American Station". The ... The South America Station was a formation of the Royal Navy which existed from 1808 to 1838 when it was split into the Pacific ... The Commander-in-Chief heading the formation played a diplomatic role in South America in the early nineteenth century as the ... was shortly followed by the reinforcement of Smith's escort and the establishment of the Brazil or South America Station. ...
... is a subregion of South America consisting of the countries that border the Caribbean Sea: Colombia and ... Regions of South America, Geography of the Caribbean, Geography of South America, All stub articles, Colombia geography stubs, ...
... (Dutch: Zoop in Zuid-Amerika) is a 2007 Dutch youth film. The film received a Golden Film for 100,000 ... Zoop in South America at IMDb v t e v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, ... Films set in South America, Films based on television series, Dutch sequel films, 2007 comedy films, Films directed by Johan ...
... many Albanians in South America tend to also identify themselves with the larger Italian community in South America. They are ... The Albanians in South America (Albanian: Shqiptarët në Ameriken e Jugut, Italian: Albanesi in Sud America, Spanish: Albaneses ... They became part of the great European immigration towards South America in the 19th Century. Most Albanians who migrated to ... are people of Albanian ancestry and heritage in such South America states as Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. They trace their ...
South America and North America The largest country in South America by far, in both area and population, is Brazil. Regions in ... South America became attached to North America only recently (geologically speaking) with the formation of the Isthmus of ... The geography of South America contains many diverse regions and climates. Geographically, South America is generally ... An intensified SACZ is associated with enhanced streamflows to the north and diminished flows to the south. This north-south ...
The Manzanares is an 80 km long river in Venezuela. It flows into the Caribbean Sea. The source of the Manzanares is at the 2,200 metres (7,200 ft) high Turimiquire Range in Sucre State. The river flows roughly northwards for about 80 km (50 mi) by Cumanacoa. Finally it flows by City of Cumaná into the Cariaco Gulf of the Caribbean. Historically this river had also been known as the 'Cumaná River', for it has an iconic value in the city of Cumaná. Alexander von Humboldt praised the pleasant atmosphere of the river banks in his travelogue Personal Narrative of a Journey to the Equinoctial Regions of the New Continent (1814-29) In 2012, Hurricane Isaac caused heavy rain in the area and the Manzanares overflowed its banks in the town of Cumanacoa inundating approximately 1,200 homes many of which were damaged and a few destroyed. Some residents had to be airlifted to safety. Similar flooding occurred elsewhere in the country, such as in Caracas where 40 families had to be evacuated. This river ...
... was a whaler purchased by the Union Navy on 9 November 1861 at New London, Connecticut. She was ... American Civil War portal Union Blockade This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval ... Shipwrecks of the American Civil War, Shipwrecks of the Georgia (U.S. state) coast, All stub articles, American Civil War stubs ... v t e (Use dmy dates from July 2013, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships ...
... , Serb diaspora, South American people of European descent). ... Serbian Orthodox Eparchy of Buenos Aires and South America Serbs in USA Serbs in Canada St. Sava's Serbian Orthodox Seminary ... There are several Serbian communities in South America. Miguel Avramovic (born 1981), Argentinian footballer, paternal family ... Bora Milutinović (born 1944), Serbian football manager, former player, expatriated to many South American countries. Sergio ...
... of the South American population is Christian, although less than half of them are devout. In many South American countries ... Religion in South America has been a major influence on art, culture, philosophy and law. Christianity is the continent's main ... Brazil today is the most Protestant country in South America with 22.2% of the population being Protestant, 89% of Brazilian ... Country By Religion in South America (2020 estimate): Major religious groups Religion in Africa Religion in Asia Religion in ...
Hinduism portal South America portal Religion portal Hinduism in Guyana and Suriname ISKCON Centres in South America Iskcon ... Hinduism in South America, Religion in South America). ... "Hindus of South America". www.guyanaundersiege.com. Retrieved ... Hinduism is a minority religion in South America, which is followed by even less than 1% of the total continent's population. ... There are about 320,000 Hindus in South America, chiefly the descendants of Indian indentured laborers in the Guianas. There ...
Central American football and South American football are treated as distinct entities. South American national teams ... In South America, Uruguay won most often; in Central and North America, it was Mexico. Despite the clear separation between the ... Most South American football federations are part of CONMEBOL (the South American Football Confederation). There are a few ... when a South African team played a series of matches in South America. South African football had developed along lines ...
Latin American economy South America List of Latin American and Caribbean countries by GDP (nominal) List of Latin American and ... Asia 347 million and North America 142.2 million, South America received only 37 million, Central America 10.8 million and the ... South America produces close to 20% of the world's pineapple. Transport in South America is basically carried out using the ... However, this policy created a debt crisis in South America. The continent has fallen farther behind North America over the ...
... languages of South America List of unclassified languages of South America List of extinct languages of South America Extinct ... South American Phonological Inventories Sound comparisons for various South American languages Diachronic Atlas of Comparative ... The languages of South America can be divided into three broad groups: the languages of the (in most cases, former) colonial ... There are many other languages once spoken in South America that are extinct today (such as the extinct languages of the ...
South American Games South American Masters Games South American University Games South American Schools Games South American ... Games South American Deaf Games South American Blind Games Sport in Africa Sport in Asia Sport in Europe Sport in North America ... Rugby league is a rapidly growing sport in South America. The South American Rugby League Championship contains 3 countries ( ... South America held its first Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 2016. Two years prior to this, major cities in Brazil ...
... may refer to South American Men's Volleyball Championship South American Women's ... Volleyball Championship This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title South America Volleyball Championship ...
International rivers of South America, Rivers of France, Border rivers, All stub articles, South America river stubs, Suriname ... The Lawa is a river of South America. It forms part of the international boundary between Suriname and French Guiana. It is ...
About 60% of present-day South American mammals have evolved from North American species. Some South American species were able ... Fewer species migrated in the opposite direction from south to north. The result of the expansion of a North American fauna was ... The terror bird Titanis, the only large carnivore in South American, dispersed into North America. The Americas are thought to ... During the late Eocene, around 35 mya, Antarctica and South America separated and South America became a massive, biologically ...
Racism by country Antisemitism in South America Race and ethnicity in Latin America Blanqueamiento Casta Slavery in Latin ... The article describes the state of race relations and racism in South America. Racism of various forms is found worldwide. ... In Venezuela, like other South American countries, economic inequality often breaks along ethnic and racial lines. A 2013 ... "Pure" native American people are in general deemed inferior by mestizos and people of European origin. The economic ...
Japanese diaspora in South America, 1955 establishments in Brazil, Buddhist organizations in South America, All stub articles, ... The South America Hongwanji Mission also known as Comunidade Budista Sul-Americana Jodo-Shinshu Honpa Hongwanji is a district ... Jōdo Shinshū wa established in South America in tandem with the immigration of Japanese people. The Mission was officially ... Jodo Shinshu Hongwanji-ha Hongwanji International Center - South America Federação Budista Sul-Americana Jodo Shinshu Honpa ...
... , 2020s in South America, Years of the 21st century in South America). ... Mercosur Organization of American States Organization of Ibero-American States Caribbean Community Union of South American ... The following lists events that happened during 2022 in South America. President: Alberto Fernández (since 2019) Vice President ... and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. President: Luis Arce Vice President: David Choquehuanca President: Jair ...
... , Lists and galleries of flags, South America). ... This is a gallery of flags of South American countries and affiliated international organizations. Flags of cities with over 1 ... Brazil Flags of North America Flag of Gran Colombia Flags depicting the Southern Cross List of countries Sun of May Wiphala ... Lists of flags of South American countries List of Argentine flags List of Brazilian flags List of Chilean flags List of ...
Because of South America's ethnic mix, South American cuisine takes on European, American Indian, and African influences. The ... South America portal Society portal Culture of Africa Culture of Asia Culture of Europe Culture of North America Culture of ... The majority of South Americans (more than 50%) speak Portuguese. However, most South American countries are Spanish-speaking, ... South American culture, All stub articles, South America stubs). ... In lowland South America, as well as the Andes, animism and ...
... , 2020s in South America, Years of the 21st century in South America). ... Mercosur Organization of American States Organization of Ibero-American States Caribbean Community Union of South American ... The following lists events that happened during 2021 in South America. President: Alberto Fernández (since 2019) Vice President ... and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. President: Luis Arce Vice President: David Choquehuanca President: Jair ...
... is prevalent in most of its countries. Those that have the highest rates of poverty per population are ... Brazil is the largest country in South America and has a low to moderate poverty rate[citation needed]. Poverty in Brazil is ... most South American economies[which?] have attempted to tackle poverty with stronger economic regulations, foreign direct ... Bolivia was one of the poorest countries in South America, but between 2006 and 2014, GDP per capita doubled and the extreme ...
... may refer to: Don't Say No (Billy Squier album), a 1981 album by American rock singer Billy Squier, and its title ... track Don't Say No (Seohyun EP), a 2016 extended play by South Korean pop singer Seohyun, and its title track "Don't Say No" ( ...
Eighty of his missions during the Vietnam War were as a "Misty FAC" in the F-100F Super Sabre at Phù Cát Air Base, South ... an US-American pilot who got shot down by Serbian forces in June 1995. Fogleman's decision to share news of the signals that ... Hemmerdinger, Jon (4 November 2013). "South Korea needs both F-15s and F-35s: retired USAF general". flightglobal.com. Reed ...
Extra 2200 South, Issue no. 32, January-February 1972 Early Geep Tally- Part II Extra 2200 South, Issue no.48, Sep-Oct 1974 ... Foster, Gerald L. (1996). "EMD GP9". A field guide to trains of North America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. p. 28. ISBN 0395701120 ... Wilson, Jeff (2017). Guide to North American diesel locomotives. Waukesha, Wisconsin. p. 58. ISBN 978-1-62700-455-8. OCLC ... This GTW rebuilt GP9 4619 is heading south on the Kalamazoo spur in Kalamazoo, MI. Former BNSF 1685 high hood GP9 sitting in ...
National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Mid-South Chapter) 2012: AP Award, Best Weather (North Carolina AP ... National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Mid-South Chapter) 2013: Best weather reporting (North Carolina AP ... Previously he worked for WRAL-TV in Raleigh, North Carolina as a meteorologist and executive producer focusing on weather ... Johnson has also served meteorology lecturer at North Carolina State University since 2010. Prior to joining WRAL, Johnson was ...
Moths of South America, All stub articles, Euchromiina stubs). ...
"History of South San Joaquin Irrigation District". South San Joaquin Irrigation District. Archived from the original on May 4, ... The dam's hydroelectric power plant is located at its base on the north side of the river, and has a rated hydraulic head of ... In Dam Politics: Restoring America's Rivers, William R. Lowry writes: The New Melones Dam was one of the last of its kind. ... Meanwhile, the Oakdale and South San Joaquin irrigation districts had conducted their own study in the late 1940s and proposed ...
"Where You At" is a song recorded by American recording artist Jennifer Hudson. It was written and produced by fellow R&B singer ... Thomas Conner from Chicago Sun-Times admired Hudson's voice saying, "' Where You At,' written and produced by fellow South ... On March 25, 2011 she performed the track on American Idol. The music video for "Where You At" premiered on BET's 106 & Park ... Kara Warner (March 24, 2011). "Jennifer Hudson Asks 'Where You At?' On 'American Idol' - Music". MTV Networks. MTV. Retrieved ...
North or South." The prisoner complex held up to 11,500 at its peak (July 1863), with a cumulative population of 33,000 by ... He is buried in the Congressional Cemetery in Washington, D.C. Biography portal American Civil War portal List of American ... Schoepf came to America after his service, lived in Washington, D.C. and worked in various United States government ... When Kossuth abdicated in 1849, Schoepf was exiled to Turkey, where according to Appleton's Cyclopædia of American Biography he ...
Churchill, Owen (28 January 2022). "US lawmakers ask Joe Biden about steps to protect American Olympians in China". South China ... "American skier Nina O'Brien suffers multiple leg fractures in scary crash at Olympics". Yahoo! Sport. Retrieved 2022-02-09. " ... A boycott of the 2022 Olympic Games would have been the second American-led boycott of the modern Olympic Games. The United ... For their protection the American team was shielded from questions related to human rights. Members of Congress expressed their ...
Notable people with the surname include: Al Kircher (1909-2004), American football, basketball, and baseball player and coach ... lunar impact crater that is located in the south-southwestern part of the Moon This page lists people with the surname Kircher ... American baseball player Pete Kircher (born 1945), English rock/pop drummer Tim Kircher (born 1999), German football player ... American baseball player and coach Herwig Kircher (born 1955), Austrian football player Jerome Kircher (born 1964), French ...
Other leading Americans who competed but fell short include William C. Campbell, Jay Sigel, and Nathaniel Crosby. The Canadian ... several of whom carried the trophy south, including Dick Chapman, Frank Stranahan, Don Cherry, Harvie Ward, Allen Miller, Dick ... From the late 1920s into the 1970s, the Canadian Amateur often attracted many of the top American amateurs, ... title has also been won by South African Reg Taylor (1962), New Zealanders Stuart Jones (1967) and Gareth Paddison (2001), ...
American rock musicians, Singer-songwriters from New Jersey, 21st-century American singers, 21st-century American male singers) ... "Person to Watch: Graham Alexander Reviving the Victor music legacy", South Jersey Magazine, January 2016. Accessed July 29, ... American male singer-songwriters, American rock songwriters, American rock singers, Musicians from Camden, New Jersey, People ... After purchasing several brands and assets from the GE-cast-off Radio Corporation of America portfolio at auction, LAIR Media ...
American anthropologists, American paleoanthropologists, Cornell University alumni, Living people, Paleopathologists, ... He has worked extensively on health and human adaptation in the prehistory of South Asia. Much of this work focuses on ... John R. Lukacs (born March 1, 1947) is an American anthropologist. He received a PhD in 1977 from Cornell University, where he ...
American Automobile Association. "The produce market". The Evening Mail. Stockton, California. 1904-04-05. p. 5. "California ... It, along with Orwood Tract to the south, are managed by Reclamation District 2024 (Orwood and Palm Tracts). Its coordinates ... American Automobile Association. California State Automobile Association (1999). San Francisco Bay Region (Map). 1:190,000. ...
These prams were exported to Canada, South America, India and South Africa. The Princes Street drill hall was completed in 1908 ... These include: Church of Scotland Allan Park South Church Cambusbarron Parish Church Church of the Holy Rude North Parish ... To the north, the M9 provides access to Dunblane with easy links to Perth and further beyond the Central Belt. Stirling has no ... South of the city, the King's Park prehistoric carvings can still be found. Its other notable geographic feature is its ...
People from South Brunswick, New Jersey, South Brunswick High School (New Jersey) alumni, 1966 births). ... American computer scientists, American women computer scientists, Brandeis University alumni, University of California, ...
2003 - Nireah Johnson was a 17 year old African American trans girl who was murdered along with her friend Brandie Coleman in ... Buried in South Florida". Towerload. 7 March 2008. Retrieved 20 November 2019. Malernee, Jamie; Hijek, Barbara. "Teen's killing ... 2003 - Shelby Tracy Tom was a Canadian transgender woman working as a sex worker in North Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, ... 2003 - Janice Roberts was an American transgender woman who was kidnapped by serial killer William Devin Howell on 18 June. ...
... and Infidel Reformers of the North" (see The Freedom-of-thought Struggle in the Old South by Clement Eaton). In the present day ... Southerners often prided themselves on the American South being free from all of these pernicious "Isms" (except for alcohol ... "Missionary Society of the South, for the Conversion of the Freedom Shriekers, Spiritualists, Free-lovers, Fourierites, ...
His last match for IWA Mid-South was a loss in a three-way to Shane Hollister. Robinson then wrestled for a variety of ... He also became the first American to hold the championship. Robinson entered the 2018 G1 Climax as part of the A block, ... In 2008, he made his debut for Independent Wrestling Association Mid-South (IWA) under the ring name Juice Robinson, in a ... He competed in an IWA Mid-South Heavyweight Championship number one contender Seven Team Royal Rumble, losing to Devon Moore ...
South America, Central America and the Caribbean, bought over 1.2 million tickets." "I would like to thank the Founding ... which oversees the preparation and execution of the 2015 Pan American Games and 2015 Parapan American Games. Prior to his ... "2015 Pan American Games Under Budget by $38 Million". "Sovereign's Medal for Volunteers to be awarded to West Park Healthcare ... On February 11, 2010 Troop was named the Chief Executive Officer of the organizing committee of the 2015 Pan American Games. ...
African-American poetry, American Christian hymns, American patriotic songs, American poems, Gospel songs, North American ... Within twenty years it was being sung over the South and in some other parts of the country." A sculpture by Augusta Savage ... Some African American fans who were interviewed by NBC News felt that the NFL's decision was "pandering" that would not have a ... To claim that we as African-Americans want to form a confederation or separate ourselves from white people because of one song ...
American LGBT writers, African-American women musicians, 20th-century African-American people, 21st-century African-American ... She was a true transgender pioneer, way ahead of her time (in the Deep South, no less). This pic of The Lady and me was taken ... African-American women writers, Deaths from pneumonia in Georgia (U.S. state), LGBT African Americans, LGBT people from Florida ... In the late 1980s, a job offer from The Friends Lounge, a cabaret bar in Savannah, Georgia, resulted in her moving south from ...
South Dakota Coyotes). John McCraw, 89, New Zealand soil scientist. Bess Myerson, 90, American model (Miss America 1945) and ... Al Belletto, 86, American jazz musician. Roger L. Bernashe, 87, American politician. Dick Dale, 88, American saxophonist and ... Paul Barry, 88, American football player. Earl Clark, 95, American soldier. Chris Dyko, 48, American football player (Chicago ... American baseball player (All-American Girls Professional Baseball League). Jack E. McCoy, 85, American politician. Jenny Pat, ...
South African television series based on American television series, 2018 South African television series debuts, South African ... In South Africa, the first season began airing episodes on 1Magic on 3 August 2018. The second season premiered on 18 October ... "A South African version of The Real Housewives finally coming to DStv". Barr, Sabrina (2021-12-08). "Real Housewives of ... It has aired two seasons and focuses on the personal and professional lives of several women living in Johannesburg, South ...
South Korean animated films, 2000s American animated films, 2000s English-language films, 2000s South Korean films). ...
American cyclist David O. Brink (born 1958), American philosopher David R. Brink (1919-2017), American attorney This ... David Brink may refer to: David Brink (businessman) (born 1939), South African businessman David Brink (cyclist) (1947-2019), ...
This strip of land, a zone of wooded hills and depressions, divides Camuy completely into two strips, north and south. The ... Puerto Rico was ceded by Spain in the aftermath of the Spanish-American War and became a territory of the United States. In ... Camuy (Spanish pronunciation: [kaˈmuj]) is a town and municipality of Puerto Rico, bordering the Atlantic Ocean, north of Lares ... "Boston & Hattiesburg (MS) Named 'Most Livable' Cities in America". Archived from the original on June 5, 2016. Retrieved May 16 ...
12,773 U.N. soldiers (7,862 South Koreans, 3,597 Americans, and 946 British) were sent back south across the armistice line. ... Similarly, one Briton and 23 American soldiers (along with 327 South Koreans) also refused to be returned to their homelands. ... Turncoat: An American's 12 Years in Communist China, by Morris Wills and J. Robert Moskin. 21 Stayed: The Story of the American ... Adams' autobiography An American Dream: The Life of an African American Soldier and POW Who Spent Twelve Years in Communist ...
It has 3 known species, all native to South America: The genus name of Duckesia is in honour of Adolpho Ducke (1876-1959), an ... Orchids of South America, Plants described in 1938, All stub articles, Vanilloideae stubs). ...
20th-century American historians, American women historians, 1919 births, 1991 deaths, 20th-century American women writers, ... Jackson was born in Columbia, South Carolina. She was adopted and raised by Reverend C. W. Dunlap and his wife, Ella Fair ... In the 1950s and 1960s, many Americans were stirred by the Civil Rights Movement and were inspired to study American history. ... Sara Dunlap Jackson (May 28, 1919 - April 19, 1991) was an American archivist. She was one of the first African American ...
Follow RT for the latest news on South America, including politics, economy, weather, and more. ... South American trade bloc snubs Zelensky The Ukrainian president will not be allowed to address the Mercosur summit, AFP ... The South American nation may clinch a deal with Moscow on cheap diesel imports, its president says ... Be careful what you post: How Facebook and the US government have united against Americans with the wrong views FEATURE ...
"The high potential of the South American market is a big draw for any participant within the solar PV industry," explained Mr. ... Mr Bypina Veerraju Chaudary, CNPVs COO&CTO expanded the topic; "The South American market is indeed a high priority as the key ... We are excited to be a part of the emergent South American market, and eagerly anticipate the new local techno-commercial ... allowing for further market penetration into South America. ...
South America. Brazil. One of the worlds most captivating places, Brazil is a country of powdery white-sand beaches, verdant ... Brazils second-oldest national park, created in 1939, protects one of South Americas most magical and majestic sights, Iguaçu ... The reserve extends north from the Rio Negro and is most easily reached from Novo Airão. The forest here is immaculate, and ... Coming from Barra da Tijuca, take Estrada da Barra da Tijuca north, which eventually turns into Rua da Boa Vista, from which ...
South Americas copper market has had a rough week. Dave Forest, OilPrice.com ... Rough week for the South American copper mining sector. With reports from Peru suggesting that at least one person was killed ... And just to the south, there was another major development for copper miners - in the worlds top producing nation for the red ...
Articles relating to: South America Number of Venezuelans Seeking Asylum in America Jumps 160% as Country is Starving by ... Once an example of South American democracy and economic success, due to the democratic freedoms its citizens once enjoyed ... 6/17/2016 - Iran is Trying to Convert People in South and Central America ... 12/12/2013 - Uruguay the First South American Country to Legalize Marijuana ...
North America. · Oceania · South America‎. - Polar regions. : Antarctica. ·. Years ←. 1990. 1991. 1992. 1993. 1994. 1995. 1996 ... Category:1995 in South America. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository ... 1995 in South America; Kategorio:1995 en Sudameriko; Kategorie:Jižní Amerika v roce 1995; Kategorija:1995. u Južnoj Americi; ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:1995_in_South_America&oldid=322835842" ...
Take a video tour of four of the American Souths most haunted sites. ... Take a video tour of four of the American Souths most haunted sites. ...
Find out how and why South America became a safe haven for thousands of former Nazi party members and SS officers after World ... How South America Became a Nazi Haven. Find out how and why South America became a safe haven for thousands of former Nazi ... In some cases, the United States was complicit in the exodus of Nazi war criminals to South America. Following the war, the U.S ... The German legal team that examined South American files in 2012 told the Daily Mail that most of the Nazis who entered the ...
... sediment and ice near the South Pole ...
... as it winds from north to south along the… Continue Reading Study Explores How Tectonic Forces Shape The Andes ...
From South America to Pinellas County, its been quite the journey for a couple of friends who love coffee so much they decided ... Bella and Steven both immigrated to California from South America with their families when they were eight and nine years old. ... Southie Coffee really embraces their South American roots using recipes passed down from their grandparents like their famous ... Bella Rincon and Steven Gonzalez arent just making a cup of Joe, theyre brewing the American Dream. ...
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South Americas biggest football tournament is in full swing but the sports leaders are keeping a conspicuously low profile as ... a dark shadow hangs over the Copa America because of US charges against 14 football barons from North and South America over ... The Copa America was the main tournament at the centre of the bribes and the South American Football Confederation (CONMEBOL) ... South Americas biggest football tournament is in full swing but the sports leaders are keeping a conspicuously low profile as ...
The Mid-South Tennessee chapter serves Dyer, Fayette, Lake, Lauderdale, Obion, Shelby and Tipton counties, Crittenden County ( ... Mid-South. The American Red Cross of Mid-South Tennessee serves Dyer, Fayette, Lake, Lauderdale, Obion, Shelby and Tipton ... 2022 The American National Red Cross Accessibility Terms of Use Privacy Policy Contact Us FAQ Mobile Apps Give Blood Careers ... you can make a difference with the American Red Cross of Tennessee. Adults and teenagers (aged 15-17) are encouraged to apply. ...
Check out all of the American Express South Africa card rewards and see how you can earn more points. ... Learn about the different types of rewards from American Express South Africa. ... Learn more about exclusive American Express rewards for American Express card holders. ...
CourtsCorkPlace: CorkPlace: South AmericaPlace: VenezuelaPlace: Barrack StPlace: northern South AmericaPlace: National Pantheon ... Plaque to honour Cork-born hero of South America. The President has unveiled a plaque to mark the birthplace of a Cork man who ... He rose through the ranks of the army to become aide de camp to Simón Bolívar during the South American Wars of Independence. ... OLeary, the son of Cork butter merchant Jeremiah OLeary, emigrated to South America in 1817 to join the fight for Venezuelan ...
Hostels in Boa Viagem, Recife, Brazil, South America. We have 3 Hostels in Boa Viagem, Recife, Brazil, South America with an ... To the south of the city is Boa Viagem, one of the most-visited beaches in northeastern Brazil. As well as 8km of sandy beach ...
Chinas space network in South America is part of a broader push by Beijing to establish itself as a leading global space power ... But the proximity of the South American facilities in particular to the United States has heightened fears that they can be ... China has expanded its use of satellite ground stations in South America, leading multiple governments to express concern about ...
Soccer, South American style. Normally, South Americas big soccer tournament, Copa America, isnt played the same year as the ... Right now, I want to focus on the differences between what I observed in the two tournaments - the Euros and Copa America. ... Therefore, I saw very little of Copa American - only the semi-final between Argentina and Colombia and the final between ... Argentina defeated Colombia on penalty kicks and went on to defeat Brazil, 1-0. This is Argentinas first Copa America triumph ...
Head west to South Dakota to watch parades and Native American dancing. Dig for arrowheads and watch as archeologists uncover ... Native American Dancers at Sioux Falls Native American Day Parade. Sioux Falls Native American Day Parade. Nicole Mann has just ... Travel South Dakota. The Native American National and State Scenic Byway:. Running from the Chief Standing Bear Bridge on the ... Travel South Dakota. Sioux Falls, the states largest city, celebrates the holiday downtown with a Native Americans Day Parade ...
SOUTH FL. 4W, NEW YORK, NY 10012 , TEL: (212) 992-6965. Copyright NACLA 2019. The North American Congress on Latin America is a ... In South America, as well as the Caribbean Basin, many countries, including Mexico, Peru, Chile, and Bolivia, with appropriate ... Therefore there has been a more successful resistance to the transmission of the U.S. crisis in South America than in the ... Domestic market growth, however, has not always followed.3 The only two South American exceptions, as noted above, are Chile ...
Israeli Institute Developing COVID-19 Vaccine Warns of Fake Shots Circulating in Latin America. South America Aryeh Savir, ... South America Yaakov Lappin "Those who do not act now should not be surprised when an Iranian-made UAV crashes into their ... South America Israel Hayom This is the second time Luis Fux, 67, has made history in Brazil; in 2011, he became the first ... South America David Israel In response to the victory, the king of Saudi Arabia has declared a public holiday will be ...
... Maps of South America - Republic of Cuba "Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is an island ... The Americas are the combined continental landmasses of North America and South America, in the Western Hemisphere. There are ... Geo Map - South America - Costa Rica →. Costa Rica, officially the Republic of Costa Rica, is a country in Central America, ... See also Geo Maps of South America Countries :. *Argentina *Belize *Bolivia *Brazil *Chile *Colombia *Costa Rica *Cuba * ...
Interested in serving in South America?. Read more about our ministries in South America or contact us now to speak with a ... Engaging young people in a church setting is difficult during the pandemic, but youth leaders in Latin America have begun to ... El primer grupo de estudio de MOCLAM (Moore College Latin America), una nueva iniciativa ministerial del ministerio Palabras de ...
Read the Holland America Blog to stay up to date on news about Holland America Line. Learn about travel tips, destinations, ... Here are seven of South Americas natural wonders to hopefully entice you to join us on ms… read more of "South America: A…" ... Zaandam Heads to South America for 2013-14 Season Submitted by: HAB Editorial Team 3 Comments ... South America: A Continent of Wonders Submitted by: HAB Editorial Team No Comments ...
Two South American medical researchers who died in Kansas City apparently were killed by a man who has since died in a murder- ... AP) - Two South American medical researchers who died in Kansas City apparently were killed by a man who has since died in a ... Suspect in deaths of 2 South American researchers identified. Read full article. ... Trump Demands America Rip Up the Constitution, Make Him President. "Attacking the Constitution… should be universally condemned ...
Charismatic South American birds like the greater rhea, a flightless relative of the ostrich, thrive alongside North American ... The prairies of North and South America share birds, plants, and threats. Hopefully we can share solutions, too." ... prairies and begin the long flight south for winter. Their goal: survive a 4,000-mile journey to the land of the South American ... For these South American cowboys, every acre of grasslands lost to soybeans isnt just bird habitat lost. Its gaucho culture ...
South - In the small towns along the river ... Academy of American Poets Newsletter Academy of American Poets ... Summer at Blue Creek, North Carolina. There was no water at my grandfathers when I was a kid and would go for it with two zinc ... Academy of American Poets, 75 Maiden Lane, Suite 901, New York, NY 10038 ...
And then you have Bill Clinton explain that, well, Jesse Jackson also won South Carolina. That could be a smart, if cynical, ... A 30 point win in South Carolina is one of those examples. The remarkable thing about this primary is how each election night ... Last night, I heard the pollsters tell me that South Carolina was tightening. Today, Obama wins, not by five points, or 10 ...
  • The Americas are the combined continental landmasses of North America and South America, in the Western Hemisphere. (conceptdraw.com)
  • During the first week of August, as the full heat of summer ripples across North America, tens of thousands of upland sandpipers abandon their ground nests on U.S. prairies and begin the long flight south for winter. (audubon.org)
  • SALSA is an international society, bringing together specialists who live in Latin America, Europe, North America, and elsewhere. (salsa-tipiti.org)
  • Were you born in North America, South America, Central America or the Caribbean? (utexas.edu)
  • After visiting North America, the next stop on our imaginary world tour was to the Amazon rainforest in South America. (ridgetopfarmandgarden.com)
  • Overall, backpacking South America is not expensive when compared to regions such as North America or Western Europe but there are some significant variations between the different countries with travel in Brazil for example considerably more costly than Bolivia or Peru. (myfunkytravel.com)
  • This is a natural starting place for many travellers with cheap flights to/from Miami which is connected to cities all over Europe and North America. (myfunkytravel.com)
  • NTV America is the first and largest South Asian TV Network in North America. (ntvhouston.com)
  • Many of us believe South America is directly South of North America and the United States, when in fact it is further to the Southeast. (cyainsurancecolorado.net)
  • South America and North America are named after Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci who was the first European to suggest that the Americas were not part of the East Indies but an entirely separate landmass. (microblife.in)
  • What is the southernmost country of North America? (microblife.in)
  • The Costa Rican territory of Cocos Island in the Pacific Ocean is the southernmost point of North America. (microblife.in)
  • Seventy-three studies were published in South America between 1986 and 2022. (bvsalud.org)
  • According to a 2012 article in the Daily Mail, German prosecutors who examined secret files from Brazil and Chile discovered that as many as 9,000 Nazi officers and collaborators from other countries escaped from Europe to find sanctuary in South American countries. (history.com)
  • Seven of the 14 are from South America -- two each from Brazil and Argentina and one from Paraguay, Uruguay and Venezuela. (bangkokpost.com)
  • We have 3 Hostels in Boa Viagem, Recife, Brazil, South America with an average rating of 6.1 based on 202 reviews. (hostelworld.com)
  • To the south of the city is Boa Viagem, one of the most-visited beaches in northeastern Brazil. (hostelworld.com)
  • Therefore, I saw very little of Copa American - only the semi-final between Argentina and Colombia and the final between Argentina and Brazil. (powerlineblog.com)
  • In South America, the majority of private islands for sale are found in Brazil, usually located near Rio de Janeiro or in the Bahia region. (privateislandsonline.com)
  • Aedes aegypti, Dengue and Re-urbanization of Yellow Fever in Brazil and other South American Countries- Past and Present Situation and Future Presentative. (who.int)
  • Every country in South America borders Brazil with the two exceptions being Chili and Ecuador. (cyainsurancecolorado.net)
  • Dilma Rousseff, previous leader of Brazil on Cristina Kirchner: The sentence, ultimately, is unfair and falls on Cristina Kirchner, who is one of the most important leaders in Latin America. (thesakeris.global)
  • According to Uki Goñi, author of "The Real Odessa: Smuggling the Nazis to Peron's Argentina," the Peron government in 1946 sent word through Argentine Cardinal Antonio Caggiano to a French counterpart that the South American country would be willing to receive Nazi collaborators from France who faced potential war crimes prosecution. (history.com)
  • The German legal team that examined South American files in 2012 told the Daily Mail that most of the Nazis who entered the continent did so using forged Red Cross passports, including 800 SS members to Argentina alone. (history.com)
  • The highest point in South America is in Argentina in the Andes Mountain. (cyainsurancecolorado.net)
  • 1. Africa accounts for 99% of the river blindness cases in Africa and South America. (who.int)
  • It is found in certain parts of Africa and South America. (medlineplus.gov)
  • SANTIAGO - South America's biggest football tournament is in full swing but the sport's leaders are keeping a conspicuously low profile as the FIFA corruption scandal spreads fallout around the world. (bangkokpost.com)
  • An educational charity launched by Pope Francis on Thursday stopped taking donations from South America's football confederations. (bangkokpost.com)
  • Normally, South America's big soccer tournament, Copa America, isn't played the same year as the European Championship. (powerlineblog.com)
  • What Accounts for South America's Resilience? (nacla.org)
  • Argentine President Mauricio Macri promised a thorough investigation into what he called an "unprecedented" outage, one that raised questions about flaws in South America's grid, which connects many of the region's largest countries. (jamaica-gleaner.com)
  • 3 The only two South American exceptions, as noted above, are Chile and Peru, which still follow growth policies led by exports, largely because they are mining countries that rely on this as the axis for their future. (nacla.org)
  • In South America, as well as the Caribbean Basin, many countries, including Mexico, Peru, Chile, and Bolivia, with appropriate resources have encouraged investment in mining in the last three years, or have accentuated the investment pattern as in the cases of Venezuela and Ecuador, which produce oil. (nacla.org)
  • BONN, Jun 12 2015 (IPS) - This week, Peru became the first South American nation to publicly announce its Climate Action Plan, or INDC. (ipsnews.net)
  • This is due to the fact that she believes "inclusive and participative consultation processes are crucial for the definition of the INDC in Peru, but also in all Latin American and Caribbean countries. (ipsnews.net)
  • 87% of the indigenous people of Latin America live in Mexico, Bolivia, Guatemala, Peru and Colombia. (bvsalud.org)
  • Despite the presence of Lionel Messi and Neymar, a dark shadow hangs over the Copa America because of US charges against 14 football barons from North and South America over the payment of bribes worth more than $150 million. (bangkokpost.com)
  • The Copa America was the main tournament at the centre of the bribes and the South American Football Confederation (CONMEBOL) has been left reeling. (bangkokpost.com)
  • According to the US indictment, all 10 of CONMEBOL's national leaders were to receive bribes in return for a Copa America broadcasting deal. (bangkokpost.com)
  • This is Argentina's first Copa America triumph since 1993, eleven tournaments ago, which is mind-blowing considering the caliber of players who have worn the pale blue shirt since that time. (powerlineblog.com)
  • Right now, I want to focus on the differences between what I observed in the two tournaments - the Euros and Copa America. (powerlineblog.com)
  • Costa Rica, officially the Republic of Costa Rica, is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and the Caribbean Sea to the east. (conceptdraw.com)
  • Taenia solium/Cysticercus cellulosae in Latin America and the Caribbean. (who.int)
  • However, the chikungunya outbreak in Caribbean and Central and South American countries continues to spread with no sign of slowing down. (cdc.gov)
  • So those who will be visiting the Caribbean or Central or South America should be aware of the risk of chikungunya in these areas this fall and winter and remember their insect repellent and other tips for staying safe. (cdc.gov)
  • In Latin America, and the Caribbean, indigenous peoples population is approximately of 50 million people and reach around 8-10% of the population. (bvsalud.org)
  • CEPAL) Afro-descendants in Latin America and the Caribbean: from statistical recognition to the realization of rights . (bvsalud.org)
  • During his 2017 visit to Colombia, President Higgins referenced to O'Leary and other Irish people who made an impact in Latin America. (irishexaminer.com)
  • Researchers looked at a large, extended family in Colombia, South America. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Deb and Simon had a fantastic trip to South America in August 2016, coinciding with the Olympics in Rio! (theantarcticaspecialists.com)
  • As of January 15, 2016, local transmission had been identified in at least 14 countries or territories in the Americas, including Puerto Rico (See Pan American Health Organization [PAHO] link below for countries and territories in the Americas with Zika virus transmission). (cdc.gov)
  • Along with ms Maasdam and ms Prinsendam (who will do longer cruises), ms Zaandam will head south and spend the season rounding Cape Horn at the tip of the continent and traveling to Antarctica. (hollandamerica.com)
  • Thanks to guest Cheryl Kaufenberg for sending in these stunning photos from her South America and Antarctica cruise. (hollandamerica.com)
  • We sailed on the last of the winter 2013 South America/Antarctica cruises out of Buenos Aires on HAL's Veendam. (hollandamerica.com)
  • Its capital, Ushuaia, is known as el fin del mundo (the end of the world) because only Antarctica lies further south. (exodustravels.com)
  • The Southern Hemisphere contains most of South America one-third of Africa Australia Antarctica and some Asian islands. (microblife.in)
  • With glorified customer reviews, a high A+ rating with the Better Business Bureau (BBB), 5-Star Google rating and an A rating with AngiesList, Reface America alleviates the need for you to do a "kitchen remodel near me" search in South Cheektowaga, NY. (refaceitbuffalo.com)
  • Results of search for 'su:{South America. (who.int)
  • And just to the south, there was another major development for copper miners - in the world's top producing nation for the red metal, Chile. (businessinsider.com)
  • As the world's advanced economies continue to languish, South America has experienced economic growth-quickly recovering from the global collapse of 2009. (nacla.org)
  • SALSA conferences are among the world's foremost venues for presenting original research on lowland South America. (salsa-tipiti.org)
  • And while they can be found along the western coasts of Central and South America, the Galapagos population accounts for around half the world's breeding pairs, with the largest colonies on Española Island and North Seymour Island . (savacations.com)
  • South Africa's Andes mountain range is the world's longest at over 4,300 miles. (cyainsurancecolorado.net)
  • Located at the southernmost tip of South America, Tierra del Fuego boasts some of the continent's most spectacular scenery. (exodustravels.com)
  • The southernmost point of South America is known as Cape Horn, and is noted for its unpredictable and dangerous weather and waters. (cyainsurancecolorado.net)
  • The Southern Cone (Spanish: Cono Sur Portuguese: Cone Sul) is a geographic and cultural region composed of the southernmost areas of South America mostly south of the Tropic of Capricorn. (microblife.in)
  • The South Pole is the southernmost point on the Earth. (microblife.in)
  • They have over 2000 work exchange options in South America at the time of writing, perfect for breaking up a long backpacking trip and saving some money. (myfunkytravel.com)
  • by Pan American Health Organization. (who.int)
  • Information for travelers can be found online through CDC ( http://www.cdc.gov/travel ), the World Health Organization ( http://www.who.int ), and the Pan American Health Organization ( http://www.paho.org ). (medlineplus.gov)
  • A 30 point win in South Carolina is one of those examples. (prospect.org)
  • Last night, I heard the pollsters tell me that South Carolina was tightening. (prospect.org)
  • And then you have Bill Clinton explain that, well, Jesse Jackson also won South Carolina. (prospect.org)
  • Following a brief teaching career in Ellerbe, North Carolina and Martinsville, Virginia, Sinkler-Parker returned to her native Clarendon County, South Carolina and began a new career in the child and adult protective services division of the South Carolina Department of Public Welfare. (scafricanamerican.com)
  • In 2001, she left state government to become the AARP's associate state director, organizing the Grandparent/Kinship Caregiver Network in South Carolina, which provides structure to alternative care options for children who leave their birth parents to live with relatives. (scafricanamerican.com)
  • Because of her expertise in human services issues, Sinkler-Parker has served on a variety of boards and commissions, including the local and state Foster Care Review Board, and the boards of South Carolina Adult Day Services, National Adult Day Services Association, National Council on Aging, International Federation on Aging, and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs' Long-term Care Advisory Committee. (scafricanamerican.com)
  • Sinkler-Parker holds a bachelor's degree from Barber-Scotia College and a master's degree in public health administration from the University of South Carolina. (scafricanamerican.com)
  • El primer grupo de estudio de MOCLAM (Moore College Latin America), una nueva iniciativa ministerial del ministerio Palabras de Esperanza de SIM Ecuador, se. (sim.org)
  • Conocí a Luis en una pequeña comunidad en la parte rural de la provincia de Loja, Ecuador. (sim.org)
  • Después de cinco años de silencio, la radio Ondas de Esperanza está de regreso en FM 94.1 para la provincia de Loja en Ecuador. (sim.org)
  • Traveling by night, the mottled cinnamon birds fly over Texas and Mexico, move down the crooked arm of Central America, and cross the Andes in Ecuador. (audubon.org)
  • Ecuador, Supplier From Note: This major American furniture brand created the office cubicle or Action Office II in the year 1968. (cichlidresearch.com)
  • Fly into Cartagena (possibly via a connecting flight in Bogota) or if you're coming from Central America consider your best options for crossing the Darien Gap from Panama. (myfunkytravel.com)
  • Many travellers opt for a combined Central and South America backpacking route. (myfunkytravel.com)
  • Check out our separate Central America itinerary if that appeals to you. (myfunkytravel.com)
  • United States, Mexico, and Central and South America. (cdc.gov)
  • 32. Gjermo P, Rösing CK, Susin C. Periodontal diseases in Central and South America. (bvsalud.org)
  • South America includes many islands, most of which belong to countries on the continent. (privateislandsonline.com)
  • It takes a long time to backpack South America with 6 months a decent time-frame for an extended trip across the continent. (myfunkytravel.com)
  • If you require travel insurance for backpacking South America, check out SafetyWing's travel medical insurance which starts at just $42 per 4 week period for 18-39 year olds (it's more if you're 40+) covering all of the continent. (myfunkytravel.com)
  • With over 300 languages spoken, South America is a large and diverse continent that has some of the planet's driest areas, the tallest mountains, the largest rain forests and the longest river. (cyainsurancecolorado.net)
  • He is regarded as a great military leader, diplomat, and hero in northern South America, and in Venezuela in particular. (irishexaminer.com)
  • Venezuela is the largest oil-producing country in South America and one of the largest producers of petroleum on the planet. (cyainsurancecolorado.net)
  • Historia de la medicina en Venezuela y América / Focion Febres-Cordero. (who.int)
  • Marcela Jaramillo from E3G believes this is a key aspect of the Peruvian proposal that should be copied by other Latin American states. (ipsnews.net)
  • Latin American sourcing With a growing industrial base and huge supply of raw materials such as pine, Latin America has emerged as a growing player in furniture You can pick items from their catalog or custom order a current factory product and access specially ordered designs. (cichlidresearch.com)
  • Let's first take a look at the comments from other Latin American leaders. (thesakeris.global)
  • Bogota - Cool and much improved capital city with an efficient transport system, cycling Sundays, quirky districts and some of the best museums in South America including the popular Museo del Oro . (myfunkytravel.com)
  • South Americas major exports aren't manufactured products but primary commodities like fuel, plants and food. (cyainsurancecolorado.net)
  • Como Programa Provincial de Salud y Pueblos Indígenas -en conjunto con la Dirección de Organización Comunitaria en Salud, la Dirección Provincial de Salud Comunitaria de Salud- dependientes del Ministerio de Salud de la hoy provincia de Buenos Aires, comprendemos que la creación de Folletos digitales en los distintos Idiomas de los Pueblos-Naciones Indígenas hoy vigentes en esta provincia, e. (bvsalud.org)
  • Chile stretches over 2,700 miles along the southwestern coast of South America, a distance roughly the same as that from San Francisco to New York, or Edinburgh to Baghdad. (hollandamerica.com)
  • Ampoules of a fake Coronavirus vaccine labeled with a forged Migal Institute's logo in Hebrew are illegally being manufactured and circulated in several South American countries. (jewishpress.com)
  • Due to a history of high inflation in nearly all South American countries, interest rates remain high and investment low. (privateislandsonline.com)
  • Encompassing 12 countries, French Guiana, and the Falkland Islands, South America has emerged in the last 20 years as a mecca for ecotourism and adventure travel. (exodustravels.com)
  • South America consists of twelve countries with Portuguese and Spanish being the primary languages. (cyainsurancecolorado.net)
  • What countries are in the southern part of South America? (microblife.in)
  • How many countries are in Southern America? (microblife.in)
  • Since it was designated a legal holiday in South Dakota in 1990, the second Monday in October is observed as Native Americans' Day (also Indigenous Peoples' Day), dedicated to the remembrance of the great Native American leaders who contributed to the history of South Dakota. (forbes.com)
  • There are still indigenous ethnic groups in South America that have no contact with civilization. (cyainsurancecolorado.net)
  • UNICEF) Sociolinguistic Atlas of Indigenous Peoples in Latin America ( Volume 1 , Volume 2 ). (bvsalud.org)
  • CEPAL) Indigenous Peoples in Latin America . (bvsalud.org)
  • To date, maternal and infant mortality is significantly higher in indigenous and Afro-American populations than in other ethnic groups. (bvsalud.org)
  • Even though Commander Mann is from the Round Valley Indian Tribes in the Sacramento Valley, a perfect place to learn about Native Americans is in Lakota Country, South Dakota. (forbes.com)
  • Valle, One Way Furniture is proud to present some American made furniture from top manufacturers around the country. (cichlidresearch.com)
  • For more detailed info see our full South America backpacking budget which features individual country budgets as well as regional ones. (myfunkytravel.com)
  • South Dakota finalized its Beneficiary Mitigation Plan in August 2018. (ngvamerica.org)
  • Bella and Steven both immigrated to California from South America with their families when they were eight and nine years old. (abcactionnews.com)
  • Drogas y control penal en los Andes : deseos, utop'ias y efectos perversos. (who.int)
  • IMSEAR is the collaborative product of Health Literature, Library and Information Services (HELLIS) Network Member Libraries in the WHO South-East Asia Region. (who.int)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Transgene transmission in South American catfi sh (Rhamdia quelen) larvae by sperm-mediated gene transfer. (who.int)
  • We asked our Facebook fans which South American ports they'd like to visit! (hollandamerica.com)
  • To the north of Cuba lies the United States (150 km or 93 mi away) and the Bahamas are to the northeast, Mexico is to the west (200 km or 120 mi away), the Cayman Islands and Jamaica are to the south, and Haiti and the Dominican Republic are to the southeast. (conceptdraw.com)
  • The Audubon Bird Guide is a free and complete field guide to more than 800 species of North American birds, right in your pocket. (audubon.org)
  • Impacts of water pollutants on chondrichthyans species from South America: A review. (bvsalud.org)
  • This is the first research that extensively compiles all the available scientific literature on the presence of trace metals (TMs), persistent organic pollutants (POPs), and plastic debris in Chondrichthyan species inhabiting South America (including the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans ), providing an insight into Chondrichthyans as bioindicators of pollutants as well as the impacts of pollutant exposure on the organisms. (bvsalud.org)
  • The silver catfi sh (Rhamdia quelen) is an endemic American fi sh species. (who.int)
  • Other arenaviruses from South America and Africa are classic causes of viral hemorrhagic fever syndrome, whereas others have been identified but not found to cause disease or even infection in humans. (medscape.com)
  • Bleeding complications are particularly prominent with Ebola, Marburg, CCHF, and the South American arenaviruses. (medscape.com)
  • Meeting-point for accessing links of interest, news and events about sound, spoken word and musical practices in Lowland South America. (salsa-tipiti.org)
  • Krijno's images are threaded through with references to South Africa's colonial history and its fragile post-apartheid democracy. (americansuburbx.com)
  • His work has focused on the inside and outside of South Africa's notorious prisons, the small town of Beaufort West, and Ponte City. (americansuburbx.com)
  • The Sandton Convention Centre is situated in Sandton, a separate, self-sufficient metropolitan node in the Gauteng Province, South Africa's place of gold, and the economic powerhouse of Southern Africa. (who.int)
  • In 2019, Discovery Health published a risk adjustment model to determine standardised mortality rates across South African private hospital systems, with the aim of contributing towards quality improvement in the private healthcare sector. (bvsalud.org)
  • This week we're celebrating South America, one of the most exciting, culturally rich and captivating continents. (hollandamerica.com)
  • Lately, despite their many differences, South American economies have shown a common resilience in the face of the global economic crisis. (nacla.org)
  • Running from the Chief Standing Bear Bridge on the Nebraska border to the North Dakota border near Kenel, South Dakota, this scenic byway takes highway explorers on a natural path cut by the Missouri River featuring mixed-grass prairie, rolling hills, limestone cliffs and an abundance of wildlife such as prairie dogs, pronghorn, deer, bison, and elk herds. (forbes.com)
  • RESEARCH LETTERS and South America were shown to share 2 lineages specimens from wildlife from the region, corre- found exclusively on those continents ( 3 ), provi- sponded to S . mansoni ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Find out how and why South America became a safe haven for thousands of former Nazi party members and SS officers after World War II. (history.com)
  • As with numerous other fascist-leaning South American leaders, Peron had been drawn to the ideologies of Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler while serving as a military attaché in Italy during the early years of World War II. (history.com)
  • However, island ownership in South America can be rewarding for its rich culture and some of the most beautiful island properties in the world. (privateislandsonline.com)
  • This article divides the discussion of these viruses by clinical relevance and manifestations: Old World (Lassa virus, LCMV) and New World (South American hemorrhagic fevers). (medscape.com)
  • Follow the route through the lands of the Yankton , Crow Creek , Lower Brule , Cheyenne River , and Standing Rock Tribes, and experience a first-hand look at the life, ways and history of South Dakota's original inhabitants. (forbes.com)
  • They have also lived through a climactic chapter in one of the great dramas in human history: the story of race in America. (economist.com)
  • We decided to go to the Larco Museum , home to thousands of piece of ancient ceramics and pieces of South American history. (theimpatienttraveler.co)
  • In the case of South Korea, the success of North Korea's recent nuclear test and the heightened rhetoric for war coming out of Pyongyang has caused some leaders in Seoul to rethink the necessity of maintaining their own nuclear arsenal as a means of deterrence. (keia.org)
  • Even South Korea previously sought nuclear weapons after the United States withdraw from Vietnam. (keia.org)
  • Since South Korea gave up its own ambitions to acquire nuclear weapons in the 1970s, it has relied on the protection of the United States nuclear umbrella. (keia.org)
  • However, with North Korea's successful missile and nuclear tests, withdrawal from the Korean War armistice, and increasingly hostile rhetoric, some in South Korea have begun discussing the option of Seoul gaining its own nuclear deterrent or seeking the return of U.S. tactical nuclear weapons to the peninsula as the New York Times recently reported. (keia.org)
  • Under the United States' nuclear umbrella, South Korea depends on the extended deterrence of the United States' nuclear weapons to preclude either a nuclear attack or a large scale conventional attack. (keia.org)
  • In 2012, only 48 percent of South Koreans thought the United States would respond with nuclear forces if South Korea suffered a North Korean nuclear attack. (keia.org)
  • While a good deal of attention has been paid to the potential impact of the reintroduction of U.S. nuclear weapons to the Korean peninsula or the development of South Korea's own nuclear weapons on Seoul's own deterrent posture, relatively little attention has been paid to the potential political and economic costs South Korea might face if it choose to develop its own nuclear weapons. (keia.org)
  • South Korea developing its own nuclear deterrent would in many ways be unprecedented. (keia.org)
  • Nicole Mann has just became the first Native American woman in space, serving as commander for SpaceX and NASA's Crew-5 mission to the International Space Station. (forbes.com)
  • What we can do as leaders, both Native American and white, is teach others that we can change attitudes. (forbes.com)
  • The event includes performances of Native American singers and dancers, artist displays, storytelling, hands-on activities for children, a buffalo stew lunch, and the naming the Crazy Horse Memorial Educator of the Year recipient (for significant contributions to Native American education). (forbes.com)
  • Located on the shores of Lake Mitchell, the Mitchell Prehistoric Indian Village is a 1,000 year-old Native American village and the only archaeological site in South Dakota open to the public. (forbes.com)
  • A celebration of Native American Day with Native American dancers, artists, singers, storytellers and educational programs. (blackhillsbadlands.com)