A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).
The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.
The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.
The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
The geographical area of Africa comprising CAMEROON; CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC; CHAD; CONGO; EQUATORIAL GUINEA; GABON; and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Agents used to treat AIDS and/or stop the spread of the HIV infection. These do not include drugs used to treat symptoms or opportunistic infections associated with AIDS.
Agents used to treat RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
The status of health in rural populations.
Tuberculosis resistant to ISONIAZID and RIFAMPIN and at least three of the six main classes of second-line drugs (AMINOGLYCOSIDES; polypeptide agents; FLUOROQUINOLONES; THIOAMIDES; CYCLOSERINE; and PARA-AMINOSALICYLIC ACID) as defined by the CDC.
A state in south central Australia. Its capital is Adelaide. It was probably first visited by F. Thyssen in 1627. Later discoveries in 1802 and 1830 opened up the southern part. It became a British province in 1836 with this self-descriptive name and became a state in 1901. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1135)
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.
A state in southeastern Australia. Its capital is Sydney. It was discovered by Captain Cook in 1770 and first settled at Botany Bay by marines and convicts in 1788. It was named by Captain Cook who thought its coastline resembled that of South Wales. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p840 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p377)
The number of CD4-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES per unit volume of BLOOD. Determination requires the use of a fluorescence-activated flow cytometer.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis. They are divided into two main classes: "first-line" agents, those with the greatest efficacy and acceptable degrees of toxicity used successfully in the great majority of cases; and "second-line" drugs used in drug-resistant cases or those in which some other patient-related condition has compromised the effectiveness of primary therapy.
Drug regimens, for patients with HIV INFECTIONS, that aggressively suppress HIV replication. The regimens usually involve administration of three or more different drugs including a protease inhibitor.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
A republic in southern Africa, south of TANZANIA, east of ZAMBIA and ZIMBABWE, bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Maputo. It was formerly called Portuguese East Africa.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Sexual activities of humans.
Sudden outbreaks of a disease in a country or region not previously recognized in that area, or a rapid increase in the number of new cases of a previous existing endemic disease. Epidemics can also refer to outbreaks of disease in animal or plant populations.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.
Excision of the prepuce of the penis (FORESKIN) or part of it.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Anogenital ulcers caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis as distinguished from lymphogranuloma inguinale (see LYMPHOGRANULOMA VENEREUM) caused by CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS. Diagnosis is made by demonstration of typical intracellular Donovan bodies in crushed-tissue smears.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the lung.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
A perceived attribute that is deeply discrediting and is considered to be a violation of social norms.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
A republic in southern Africa, south of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and TANZANIA, and north of ZIMBABWE. Its capital is Lusaka. It was formerly called Northern Rhodesia.
A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
Study subjects in COHORT STUDIES whose outcomes are unknown e.g., because they could not or did not wish to attend follow-up visits.(from Dictionary of Epidemiology, 5th ed.)
Simultaneous infection of a host organism by two or more pathogens. In virology, coinfection commonly refers to simultaneous infection of a single cell by two or more different viruses.
Methods of generating, allocating, and using financial resources in healthcare systems.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.
A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Opportunistic infections found in patients who test positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The most common include PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA, Kaposi's sarcoma, cryptosporidiosis, herpes simplex, toxoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, and infections with Mycobacterium avium complex, Microsporidium, and Cytomegalovirus.
The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.
Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Unlawful sexual intercourse without consent of the victim.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that produces TUBERCULOSIS in humans, other primates, CATTLE; DOGS; and some other animals which have contact with humans. Growth tends to be in serpentine, cordlike masses in which the bacilli show a parallel orientation.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel to improve the quality of patient care and outcomes. The clinical audit was formally introduced in 1993 into the United Kingdom's National Health Service.
A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A republic in southern Africa, south of ANGOLA and west of BOTSWANA. Its capital is Windhoek.
A republic in southern Africa east of ZAMBIA and MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Lilongwe. It was formerly called Nyasaland.
Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
Persons trained to assist professional health personnel in communicating with residents in the community concerning needs and availability of health services.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Those facilities which administer health services to individuals who do not require hospitalization or institutionalization.
The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The status of health in urban populations.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A republic in western Africa, south of SENEGAL and MALI, east of GUINEA-BISSAU. Its capital is Conakry.
Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.
Comparative PSYCHOLOGY of different ethnic and cultural groups.
Size and composition of the family.
Hospitals controlled by various types of government, i.e., city, county, district, state or federal.
Any of various ruminant mammals of the order Bovidae. They include numerous species in Africa and the American pronghorn.
The quantity of measurable virus in a body fluid. Change in viral load, measured in plasma, is sometimes used as a SURROGATE MARKER in disease progression.
Human immunodeficiency virus. A non-taxonomic and historical term referring to any of two species, specifically HIV-1 and/or HIV-2. Prior to 1986, this was called human T-lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV). From 1986-1990, it was an official species called HIV. Since 1991, HIV was no longer considered an official species name; the two species were designated HIV-1 and HIV-2.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The type species of LENTIVIRUS and the etiologic agent of AIDS. It is characterized by its cytopathic effect and affinity for the T4-lymphocyte.
Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A republic in central Africa lying east of CHAD and the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and west of NIGERIA. The capital is Yaounde.
The aggregate of various economic, political, and social policies by which an imperial power maintains or extends its control over other areas or peoples. It includes the practice of or belief in acquiring and retaining colonies. The emphasis is less on its identity as an ideological political system than on its designation in a period of history. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
Techniques which study entities using their topological, geometric, or geographic properties.
A plant genus of the family CYPERACEAE. SESQUITERPENES are found in some of the species.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in taking drugs or medicine as prescribed. This includes timing, dosage, and frequency.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Programs and activities sponsored or administered by local, state, or national governments.
Areawide planning for health care institutions on the basis of projected consumer need.
Immunologic tests for identification of HIV (HTLV-III/LAV) antibodies. They include assays for HIV SEROPOSITIVITY and HIV SERONEGATIVITY that have been developed for screening persons carrying the viral antibody from patients with overt symptoms of AIDS or AIDS-RELATED COMPLEX.
The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.
Male-associated sex-specific social roles and behaviors unrelated to biologic function.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)
Antibacterial agent used primarily as a tuberculostatic. It remains the treatment of choice for tuberculosis.
Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.
An acute infection caused by the RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS, an RNA arthropod-borne virus, affecting domestic animals and humans. In animals, symptoms include HEPATITIS; abortion (ABORTION, VETERINARY); and DEATH. In humans, symptoms range from those of a flu-like disease to hemorrhagic fever, ENCEPHALITIS, or BLINDNESS.
A class of hospitals that includes profit or not-for-profit hospitals that are controlled by a legal entity other than a government agency. (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed)
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.
Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.
Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
Programs in which participation is not required.
A republic in southern Africa, between NAMIBIA and ZAMBIA. It was formerly called Bechuanaland. Its capital is Gaborone. The Kalahari Desert is in the west and southwest.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
An area of water mostly surrounded by land, usually smaller than a gulf, and affording access to the sea.
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.
An act of employing sorcery (the use of power gained from the assistance or control of spirits), especially with malevolent intent, and the exercise of supernatural powers and alleged intercourse with the devil or a familiar. (From Webster, 3d ed)
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. The gums and tanning agents obtained from Acacia are called GUM ARABIC. The common name of catechu is more often used for Areca catechu (ARECA).
Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.
Medicated dosage forms for topical application in the vagina. A cream is a semisolid emulsion containing suspended or dissolved medication; a foam is a dispersion of a gas in a medicated liquid resulting in a light, frothy mass; a jelly is a colloidal semisolid mass of a water soluble medicated material, usually translucent.
Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
Professionals qualified by graduation from an accredited school of nursing and by passage of a national licensing examination to practice nursing. They provide services to patients requiring assistance in recovering or maintaining their physical or mental health.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
The social process by which something or someone comes to be regarded and treated as an article of trade or commerce.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
An oversimplified perception or conception especially of persons, social groups, etc.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
Hospitals located in a rural area.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).
Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.
The area of medicine concerned with the effects on health and disease due to geographic factors such as CLIMATE, environmental conditions, and geographic location.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER and between TOGO and NIGERIA. Its capital is Porto-Novo. It was formerly called Dahomey. In the 17th century it was a kingdom in the southern area of Africa. Coastal footholds were established by the French who deposed the ruler by 1892. It was made a French colony in 1894 and gained independence in 1960. Benin comes from the name of the indigenous inhabitants, the Bini, now more closely linked with southern Nigeria (Benin City, a town there). Bini may be related to the Arabic bani, sons. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p136, 310 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p60)
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
A genus of the family RHABDOVIRIDAE that includes RABIES VIRUS and other rabies-like viruses.
The family of agile, keen-sighted mongooses of Asia and Africa that feed on RODENTS and SNAKES.
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.

Tuberculous meningitis in South African urban adults. (1/3803)

We retrospectively reviewed 56 adults with culture-proven tuberculous meningitis (TBM), investigating clinical signs, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings and outcome. There were 50 patients, aged 18-59 years, 39 with and 11 without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Six were aged 60 years or older. Neurological signs of TBM in 18-59-year-olds were unaffected by HIV serostatus while, compared to those > or = 60 years of age, there were more patients with meningism (86.0% vs. 33.3%; p = 0.011) and fewer with seizures (12.0% vs. 50.0%; p = 0.046). The HIV-infected 18-59-year-olds had significantly more extrameningeal tuberculosis compared to the non-HIV-infected (76.9% vs. 9.1%; p = 0.0001) and 23.1% had 'breakthrough' TBM. CSF analysis revealed 12 patients (21.4%) with acellular fluid (more common in those > or = 60 years of age, p = 0.016), of whom three had completely normal CSF. A neutrophil predominance was found in 22 patients (39.3%). Only three patients (5.4%) had a positive CSF smear for acid-fast bacilli. In-hospital mortality occurred in 39 patients (69.1%), was similar in all study groups, and was not related to neurological stage. The diagnosis of TBM can be masked by lack of meningism in the elderly and by atypical CSF findings.  (+info)

Influence of sampling on estimates of clustering and recent transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis derived from DNA fingerprinting techniques. (2/3803)

The availability of DNA fingerprinting techniques for Mycobacterium tuberculosis has led to attempts to estimate the extent of recent transmission in populations, using the assumption that groups of tuberculosis patients with identical isolates ("clusters") are likely to reflect recently acquired infections. It is never possible to include all cases of tuberculosis in a given population in a study, and the proportion of isolates found to be clustered will depend on the completeness of the sampling. Using stochastic simulation models based on real and hypothetical populations, the authors demonstrate the influence of incomplete sampling on the estimates of clustering obtained. The results show that as the sampling fraction increases, the proportion of isolates identified as clustered also increases and the variance of the estimated proportion clustered decreases. Cluster size is also important: the underestimation of clustering for any given sampling fraction is greater, and the variability in the results obtained is larger, for populations with small clusters than for those with the same number of individuals arranged in large clusters. A considerable amount of caution should be used in interpreting the results of studies on clustering of M. tuberculosis isolates, particularly when sampling fractions are small.  (+info)

Prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen and antibody in white and black patients with diabetes mellitus. (3/3803)

The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBSAg) and antibody (anti-HBS) was determined in 531 white and 519 black diabetic outpatients and in appropriate white and black control populations. There was no difference between the prevalence of either HBSAg or anti-HBS in either the white or black diabetics and that in the white and black controls. These findings make it unlikely that the vast majority of patients with diabetes mellitus have either an increased susceptibility to infection by the hepatitis B virus or an impaired ability to clear the virus once they are infected.  (+info)

Increased activity of 16-membered lactone ring macrolides against erythromycin-resistant Streptococcus pyogenes and Streptococcus pneumoniae: characterization of South African isolates. (4/3803)

The susceptibility of 40 erythromycin-resistant isolates of Streptococcus pyogenes and 40 multiply-resistant isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae to six macrolide antibiotics, representing 14-, 15- and 16-membered lactone ring structures, was tested. The genetic basis for macrolide resistance in the strains was also determined. Both erm and mef determinants were encountered in the 36 S. pneumoniae isolates tested, but only mef in the five S. pyogenes isolates tested. All isolates showed cross-resistance among the 14-membered macrolides erythromycin, clarithromycin and roxithromycin and the 15-membered macrolide, azithromycin. However, the erythromycin-resistant S. pyogenes isolates retained full susceptibility to spiramycin and josamycin (16-membered agents). These latter two antibiotics were also more active than the other macrolides against erythromycin-resistant S. pneumoniae isolates, especially josamycin which was 8-64 times more active than erythromycin; spiramycin was only two to eight times more active than erythromycin.  (+info)

Unrecognized sexually transmitted infections in rural South African women: a hidden epidemic. (5/3803)

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are of major public health concern in developing countries, not least because they facilitate transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The present article presents estimates of the prevalence, on any given day, of STIs among women in rural South Africa and the proportion who are asymptomatic, symptomatic but not seeking care, and symptomatic and seeking care. The following data sources from Hlabisa district were used: clinical surveillance for STI syndromes treated in health facilities, microbiological studies among women attending antenatal and family planning clinics, and a community survey. Population census provided denominator data. Adequacy of drug treatment was determined through quality of care surveys. Of 55,974 women aged 15-49 years, a total of 13,943 (24.9%) were infected on any given day with at least one of Trichomonas vaginalis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, or Treponema pallidum. Of the women investigated, 6697 (48%) were asymptomatic, 6994 (50%) were symptomatic but not seeking care, 238 (1.7%) were symptomatic and would seek care, and 14 (0.3%) were seeking care on that day. Only 9 of the 14 women (65%) were adequately treated. STIs remained untreated because either women were asymptomatic or the symptoms were not recognized and acted upon. Improved case management alone is therefore unlikely to have a major public health impact. Improving partner treatment and women's awareness of symptoms is essential, while the potential of mass STI treatment needs to be explored.  (+info)

Allelic diversity of the Helicobacter pylori vacuolating cytotoxin gene in South Africa: rarity of the vacA s1a genotype and natural occurrence of an s2/m1 allele. (6/3803)

We describe the rarity of Helicobacter pylori strains of vacuolating cytotoxin type s1a (the type most commonly associated with peptic ulceration in the United States) among black and mixed-race South Africans. We also provide the first description of a naturally occurring strain with the vacA allelic structure s2/m1.  (+info)

Effect of iron-, iodine-, and beta-carotene-fortified biscuits on the micronutrient status of primary school children: a randomized controlled trial. (7/3803)

BACKGROUND: Deficiencies of iron, iodine, and vitamin A are prevalent worldwide and can affect the mental development and learning ability of schoolchildren. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of micronutrient-fortified biscuits on the micronutrient status of primary school children. DESIGN: Micronutrient status was assessed in 115 children aged 6-11 y before and after consumption of biscuits (fortified with iron, iodine, and beta-carotene) for 43 wk over a 12-mo period and was compared with that in a control group (n = 113) who consumed nonfortified biscuits. Cognitive function, growth, and morbidity were assessed as secondary outcomes. RESULTS: There was a significant between-group treatment effect on serum retinol, serum ferritin, serum iron, transferrin saturation, and urinary iodine (P <0.0001) and in hemoglobin and hematocrit (P <0.05). The prevalence of low serum retinol concentrations (<0.70 micromol/L) decreased from 39.1% to 12.2%, of low serum ferritin concentrations (<20 microg/L) from 27.8% to 13.9%, of anemia (hemoglobin <120 g/L) from 29.6% to 15.6%, and of low urinary iodine concentrations (<100 microg/L) from 97.5% to 5.4%. There was a significant between-group treatment effect (P <0.05) in cognitive function with the digit span forward task (short-term memory). Fewer school days were missed in the intervention than in the control group because of respiratory- (P = 0.097) and diarrhea-related (P = 0.013) illnesses. The intervention had no effect on anthropometric status [corrected]. CONCLUSIONS: Fortified biscuits resulted in a significant improvement in the micronutrient status of primary school children from a poor rural community and also appeared to have a favorable effect on morbidity and cognitive function [corrected].  (+info)

South African public sceptical about new AIDS "cure".(8/3803)

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More than 20.8 million people are living with HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa, with southern Africa the worst affected area and accounting for one of the fastest growing AIDS epidemics worldwide. Samples from 81 patients, including 25 from KwaZulu-Natal, 26 from Gauteng, 5 from Mpumalanga, and 25 from Western Cape Province, were serotyped using a competitive V3 peptide enzyme immunoassay (cPEIA). Viral RNA was also isolated from serum and the V3 region amplified by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RTPCR) to obtain a 240-bp product for direct sequencing of 29 samples. CLUSTAL W was used to make multiple sequence alignments. Distance calculation, tree construction methods, and bootstrap analysis were done using TREECON. Subtype C-like V3 100p sequences predominate in all provinces tested in South Africa. Discordant sero- and genotype results were observed in one patient only. The correlation between sero- and genotyping was 96% (24 of 25) in KwaZulu-Natal and 100% in Gauteng and ...
TY - Conference Presentation AU - Tizora, P AU - Le Roux, Alize AU - Mans, Gerbrand G AU - Cooper, Antony K AB - The Western Cape Province is currently faced with population growth, declining household sizes, increasing household numbers, high levels of migration, urbanization and escalating development pressures. These factors have consequently triggered changes in land use and land cover (LULC) and incited issues such as urban sprawl, marginalization of the poor, limited public access to resources, land degradation and climate change. This paper seeks to understand the most significant drivers of LULC change in the Western Cape Province. Focus is given to the major LULC changes which have occurred in the Province in past 24 years by integrating a desktop study of LULC changes using the 1990 and 2013-2014 South African National LULC datasets; document analysis; and expert opinion in the form of semi-structured interviews with municipal town planners. An adapted ...
Abstract Prevalence and Risk Factors for Diabetes Mellitus among newly-diagnosed HIV-infected South African Adults Joseph Murphy Chair of the Supervisory Committee: Paul Drain, MD Department of Epidemiology Background: Non-communicable diseases and their risk factors, including diabetes mellitus, have been increasing in HIV-endemic resource-limited settings. We sought to determine the prevalence and risk factors for diabetes in HIV-infected South African adults. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of newly diagnosed HIV-infected adults in a poor urban township in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. We used indicators for demographic, socioeconomic, and substance use prior to HIV testing. We defined diabetes as having a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) ≥6.5% or in the absence of this test, a random blood glucose (RBG) ≥11.1 mmol/L, and prediabetes was defined as HbA1c 5.7-6.4% or RBG 7.8-11.1 mmol/L. We used logistic regression to identify risk factors for prediabetes or diabetes. Results: Among ...
The Worlds 3rd Biggest Hospital, In South Africa: Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital, Johannesburg (Soweto), Gauteng, South Africa: Contact Details (Address, Phone Numbers, Email Address) and Map
SMITH, E R y PARKER, D M. Tick communities at the expanding wildlife/cattle interface in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa: implications for Corridor disease. J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc. [online]. 2010, vol.81, n.4, pp.237-240. ISSN 2224-9435.. Corridor disease, transmitted by the brown ear tick (Rhipicephalus appendiculatus), is one of Africas most pathogenic tick-borne diseases for cattle. With a focus on this species, we investigated the community parameters (richness, diversity and abundance) of ticks in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, and how this may be linked to the increasing wildlife/cattle interface in the region. There were significantly more ticks of a greater diversity and richness at sites positioned at the wildlife/cattle interface (treatment sites) compared to sites where wildlife was absent (controls). Significantly, R. appendiculatus was only found at the treatment sites. Therefore, it is believed that the wildlife/cattle interface may be playing a crucial role in ...
Eastern Cape Province, with a population of 6.4 million, incorporates the former homelands of Transkei and Ciskei.1 Mthatha (previously Umtata), the former capital of the Transkei, is one of the most economically depressed parts of South Africa.1 Before 1994, public-funded primary care consisted of rural community clinics and health centres, with basic facilities run mostly by nurses. Medical problems needing further management were referred to district hospitals offering both primary and secondary health care. In 1994, the government opted for a primary care-led system of health care, to ensure equitable access for all.2 In Mthatha, health centres were upgraded with donor and government financial support. New health centres were developed to serve as a filter for health care between community clinics and district hospitals. All people attending these clinics are triaged by nurses and either managed by them or referred to the doctor at the health centre. Medical problems that require further ...
Volkswagen Beetle Car on the Road, Cape Town, Western Cape Province, South Africa Wall Decal by Panoramic Images. Find art you love and shop high-quality art prints, photographs, framed artworks and posters at Art.com. 100% satisfaction guaranteed.
Background: Gastric resections for carcinoma are common, but gastric carcinoma in South Africa, and particularly within the Western Cape province, has not been well documented. Method: The objective of the study was to immunohistochemically evaluate HER2/neu overexpression, determine aberrations in β-catenin and epithelial-cadherin (E-cadherin) expression, and correlate these findings with gastric carcinoma subtypes. Results: Ninety-seven gastric adenocarcinoma resections were morphologically categorised as intestinal-, diffuse- or mixed-type adenocarcinomas, and immunohistochemically stained for β-catenin, E-cadherin (extracellular and cytoplasmic domains) and HER2/neu. The results of staining were compared between the subtypes for statistically significant differences. All 97 cases were confirmed as gastric adenocarcinomas, with 39 (40%) intestinal-type, 51 (53%) diffuse-type, and 7 (7%) mixed-type tumours identified. Patient ages ranged from 18-84 years. HER2/neu was overexpressed in 12 (12%)
South Africa has the largest worldwide HIV/AIDS population with 5.6 million people infected and at least 2 million people on antiretroviral therapy. The majority of these infections are caused by HIV-1 subtype C. Using genotyping methods we characterized HIV-1 subtypes of the gag p24 and pol PR and RT fragments, from a cohort of female participants in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. These participants were recruited as part of a study to assess the combined brain and behavioural effects of HIV and early childhood trauma. The partial HIV-1 gag and pol fragments of 84 participants were amplified by PCR and sequenced. Different online tools and manual phylogenetic analysis were used for HIV-1 subtyping. Online tools included: REGA HIV Subtyping tool version 3; Recombinant Identification Program (RIP); Context-based Modeling for Expeditious Typing (COMET); jumping profile Hidden Markov Models (jpHMM) webserver; and subtype classification using evolutionary algorithms (SCUEAL). HIV-1 subtype ...
Finden Sie alle Bücher von Ravayi Marindo (Editor), Sam Gaisie (Editor), Cornie Groenewald (Editor) - The State of the Population in the Western Cape Province. Bei der Büchersuchmaschine eurobuch.com können Sie antiquarische und Neubücher VERGLEICHEN UND SOFORT zum Bestpreis bestellen. 0796922268
Summary Objective To determine the clinical profile and outcomes of health care workers (HCWs) with extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) in the Eastern and Western Cape Provinces of South Africa. Method Retrospective case record review of 334 patients with XDR-TB reported during the period 1996-2008 from Western and Eastern Cape Province, Cape Town, South Africa. Case records of HCWs with XDR-TB were analysed for clinical and microbiological features, and treatment outcomes. Results From 334 case records of patients with XDR-TB, 10 HCWs were identified. Eight of ten were HIV-uninfected, and four of 10 had died of XDR-TB despite treatment. All 10 HCWs had received an average of 2.4 courses of TB treatment before being diagnosed as XDR-TB. Conclusions In the Eastern and Western Cape provinces of South Africa XDR-TB affects HCWs, is diagnosed rather late, does not appear to be related to HIV status and carries a high mortality. There is an urgent need for the South African government to ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Indigenous beliefs and attitudes to AIDS precautions in a rural South African community: An empirical study. AU - Liddell, C. AU - Barrett, Louise. AU - Bydawell, Moya. PY - 2006. Y1 - 2006. N2 - Background: It was recently hypothesized that indigenous belief systems might have a bearing on attitudes toward HIV/AIDS prevention in Southern Africa (1). Purpose: This article comprises the first empirical test of the hypothesis. Methods: Participants (n = 407) lived in a remote rural area of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa, and were divided into younger (18-24 years) and older (35-45 years) cohorts. All participants completed a questionnaire measuring Attitudes to AIDS Precautions, indigenous knowledge, indigenous beliefs about ancestral protection, and indigenous beliefs about illness. Results: Indigenous beliefs pertaining to health behavior emerged as multidimensional in both structure and effect. Among older participants, there were significant associations between indigenous belief ...
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Objective: Nasal use of snuff is the predominant form of tobacco use among black South African women. This study examines the association between snuff use and chronic bronchitis (CB) among black South African women. Design: The study investigates a nationally representative sample of 4,464 black women ≥25 years old who participated in the 1998 South African Demographic and Health Survey. Data on participants tobacco use patterns, medical history and other relevant factors were obtained through an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Peak expiratory flow rates (PEFR) were also measured. Data analysis included chi-square statistics, t-tests and multiple logistic regression analysis. Outcome measure: CB, defined as reporting a productive cough for ≥3months/year for at least two successive years. Results: The prevalence of current snuff use was 16.1% (n=719). Compared to non-users of snuff, snuff users were not only more likely to present with a history of tuberculosis (TB) (23.3% vs. ...
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Occurrence of Emerging Micropollutants in Water Systems in Gauteng, Mpumalanga, and North West Provinces, South Africa. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
The South African National Blood Service, (SANBS), is a non-profit organisation that provides human blood for transfusion that operates in South Africa, with the exception of the Western Cape. The head office is in Weltevredenpark, Gauteng, near Johannesburg, but there are blood collection operations in eight of the nine provinces. Western Cape has a separate blood center, the Western Province Blood Transfusion Service. SANBS was founded in 2001 from a merger of seven blood centres, and was embroiled in controversy in 2004 over a policy of racial profiling for blood safety. SANBS collects blood from volunteer unpaid donors and processes that blood into components for transfusion. The donors are screened for health risks and tested for diseases on every donation. Not all parts of the donated blood are always used, such as with first time donors, to establish a history of negative test results in the donor before the blood is used in patients. The red blood cells from the first donation are ...
The South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behaviour Survey, 2012 by the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) found that:. • New HIV infections among young South Africans (15 to 24 years old) have continued to decrease. The change is particularly driven by young women;. • In the teenage population, the estimated HIV prevalence among females was eight times that of their male counterparts, suggesting that female teenagers aged 15-19 years are more likely than their male counterparts to have sex, not with their peers, but with older sex partners;. • The majority of respondents (65.5%) indicated that they had been tested for HIV at some point. As expected, a significantly higher percentages of females (71.5%) and adults aged 25-49 years (78.2%) than their respective counterparts had been tested; ...
ENGLISH SUMMARY : Public institutions in South Africa are increasingly required to respond effectively to serious societal problems. The year-on-year increase in the abuse of methamphetamine over the last decade in the Western Cape represents one such societal problem that needs to be effectively managed by public institutions in the Western Cape Province. Methamphetamine abuse is having a devastating effect on local communities and is causing irreparable damage to the lives of thousands of users and their families. Despite significant drug abuse prevention efforts of various public institutions, the private sector and local communities, methamphetamine abuse is fast becoming a societal problem of epidemic proportions. A definite need exists for re-thinking the way in which drug abuse is being managed in South Africa and the Western Cape Province in particular. Internationally, there seems to be general consensus that drug abuse needs to be addressed from a multi-disciplinary approach that will ...
This study was conducted to document the knowledge of small-scale farmers regarding indigenous insect pest control methods in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. A survey was carried out using a combination of questionnaires and Focus Group Discussions. More than 70% of the farmers were literate, with both males (46%) and females (54%) actively involved in farming. 58% of the farmers were pensioners. Crops cultivated included maize and vegetables. The level of pest awareness among the farmers was high (92%), with over 70% of farmers relying on synthetic insecticides for pest control. 63% percent of the farmers were, however, were aware of indigenous methods of insect pest control. Unfortunately, such methods are currently being neglected and knowledge of their application was found to be eroding. It is necessary to re-popularise the indigenous methods of insect control given that they are mostly safer and cheaper than synthetic insecticides.
The South Africa - U.S. PHIDISA Project is a cooperative HIV/AIDS treatment research initiative established in 2003 for a likely duration of at least five years. It is an extension of the Masibambisane Programme, which is a cooperative initiative to help prevent the transmission of HIV/AIDS among South African military and civilian employees and their families. The PHIDISA Project is a collaboration between the South African Military Health Service of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF), the U.S. Department of Defence and the National Institutes of Health of the United States.. The PHIDISA Project has conducted clinical and operational research in HIV/AIDS in military and military-associated civilian populations. Scientists engaged in the research have been from South Africa, the United States and Australia and represent military and civilian medical, research and academic institutions. The project has established clinical research infrastructure within the SANDF and a network of ...
The South Africa - U.S. PHIDISA Project is a cooperative HIV/AIDS treatment research initiative established in 2003 for a likely duration of at least five years. It is an extension of the Masibambisane Programme, which is a cooperative initiative to help prevent the transmission of HIV/AIDS among South African military and civilian employees and their families. The PHIDISA Project is a collaboration between the South African Military Health Service of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF), the U.S. Department of Defence and the National Institutes of Health of the United States.. The PHIDISA Project has conducted clinical and operational research in HIV/AIDS in military and military-associated civilian populations. Scientists engaged in the research have been from South Africa, the United States and Australia and represent military and civilian medical, research and academic institutions. The project has established clinical research infrastructure within the SANDF and a network of ...
The roll-out of medical male circumcision (MC) is progressing in Southern and Eastern Africa. Little is known about the effect of this roll-out on women. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and perceptions of women regarding MC in a setting before and after the roll-out. This study was conducted in the South African township of Orange Farm where MC prevalence among men increased from 17% to 53% in the period 2008-2010. Data from three community-based cross sectional surveys conducted in 2007, 2010 and 2012 among 1258, 1197 and 2583 adult women, respectively were studied. In 2012, among 2583 women, 73.7% reported a preference for circumcised partners, and 87.9% knew that circumcised men could become infected with HIV. A total of 95.8% preferred to have their male children circumcised. These three proportions increased significantly during the roll-out. In 2007, the corresponding values were 64.4%, 82.9% and 80.4%, respectively. Among 2581 women having had sexual intercourse with
Patterns of renal disease: A 30-year renal biopsy study at Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital, Soweto, Johannesburg, South Africa
The South African Students Congress (SASCO) is a South African student organisation which was founded in September 1991 at Rhodes University in Grahamstown, Eastern Cape, through the merger of the South African National Student Congress (SANSCO) and the National Union of South African Students (NUSAS). The predecessor of SANSCO, the Azanian Students Organisation (AZASO) was initially formed in 1979 as a continuation of the South African Students Organisation (SASO) when the latter was banned by the Apartheid government. SASO, in turn, got started by Steve Biko as a breakaway faction from NUSAS in the 1960s. www.sasco.org The Azanian Students Organisation (AZASO) / South African National Students Congress (SANSCO). Retrieved 17 April 2011. In September of 1991 SANSCO and NUSAS decided to merge to form the South African Student Congress (SASCO) at Rhodes University in Grahamstown, Eastern Cape. Ironically this was the venue that sparked anger in Biko, causing the move from NUSAS and the ...
The Eastern Cape Department of Education operates the public schools in the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa and is committed to education excellence.
The Eastern Cape Department of Education operates the public schools in the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa and is committed to education excellence.
The obesity epidemic is associated with rising rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among adults, particularly in countries undergoing rapid urbanisation and nutrition transition. This study explored the perceptions of body size, obesity risk awareness, and the willingness to lose weight among adults in a resource-limited urban community to inform appropriate community-based interventions for the prevention of obesity. This is a descriptive qualitative study. Semi-structured focus group discussions were conducted with purposively selected black men and women aged 35-70 years living in an urban South African township. Weight and height measurements were taken, and the participants were classified into optimal weight, overweight and obese groups based on their body mass index (Kg/m2). Participants were asked to discuss on perceived obesity threat and risk of cardiovascular disease. Information on body image perceptions and the willingness to lose excess body weight were also discussed. Discussions were
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We analyzed data for a retrospective cohort of patients treated for extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis in 2 provinces in South Africa and compared predictors of treatment outcome in HIV-positive patients who received or had not received antiretroviral drugs with those for HIV-negative patients. Overall, 220 (62.0%) of 355 patients were HIV positive. After 2 years, 34 (10.3%) of 330 patients with a known HIV status and known outcome had a favorable outcome. Multivariate analysis showed that predictors of favorable outcome were negative results for acid-fast bacilli by sputum microscopy at start of treatment and weight >50 kg. HIV-positive patients were more likely to have an unfavorable outcome. The strongest predictor of unfavorable outcome was weight ...
Towards the future of blood transfusion - the South African National Blood Services perspectives on cellular therapeutic services and products
This study uses a unique dataset to investigate university access, throughput, and dropout for the 2008 South African national matric cohort. The findings show
King Edward VIII Hospital is the second largest hospital in South Africa. With 13 000 deliveries per annum, King Edward VIII Hospital has a bed status of 1 300 with about 3000 out patients a day.
All consular services for the South African provinces of Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West and Free State, as well as for the states of Angola, Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia and Zimbabwe, have been provided by the Regional Consular Centre Southern Africa in Pretoria, which is attached to the local Embassy of Switzerland.. The Consulate General in Cape Town continues to be responsible for the South African provinces of the Eastern Cape, Northern Cape and Western Cape.. All Visa applications are handled by the Regional Consular Center Southern Africa in Pretoria.. Information can be found on the websites concerned:. Services - South Africa, Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Mauritius ...
All consular services for the South African provinces of Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West and Free State, as well as for the states of Angola, Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe, have been provided by the Regional Consular Centre Southern Africa in Pretoria, which is attached to the local Embassy of Switzerland.. The Consulate General in Cape Town continues to be responsible for the South African provinces of the Eastern Cape, Northern Cape and Western Cape.. All Visa applications are handled by the Regional Consular Center Southern Africa in Pretoria.. Information can be found on the websites concerned:. Services - South Africa, Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Mauritius ...
Bedaquiline was recently introduced into World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended regimens for treatment of drug resistant tuberculosis. There is limited data on the long-term safety of bedaquiline. Because bedaquiline prolongs the QT interval, there are concerns regarding cardiovascular safety. The Western Cape Province in South Africa has an established pharmacovigilance programme: a targeted spontaneous reporting system which solicits reports of suspected adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in patients with HIV-1 and/or tuberculosis infection. Since 2015, bedaquiline has been included in the treatment regimens recommended for resistant tuberculosis in South Africa. We describe ADRs in patients on bedaquiline-containing tuberculosis treatment that were reported to the Western Cape Pharmacovigilance programme. We reviewed reports of suspected ADRs and deaths received between March 2015 and June 2016 involving patients receiving bedaquiline-containing tuberculosis treatment. A multidisciplinary panel
The majority of rural households in developing countries own village chickens that are reared under traditional scavenging systems with few inputs and exposure to various parasitic infestations. Understanding of the village chicken farming system and its influence on helminth infestation is a prerequisite for optimal prevention and control strategies. This study investigated the village chicken production system and associated gastrointestinal parasites in 87 households from Limpopo (n = 39) and KwaZulu-Natal (n = 48) provinces of South Africa. A total of 191 village chicken faecal samples and 145 intestines were collected to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in villages of Limpopo and KwaZulu-Natal provinces, respectively. The faecal floatation analysis of samples from Limpopo and KwaZulu-Natal provinces indicated infestations by Ascaridia galli (18.77%), Heterakis gallinarum (15.56%) and Capillaria spp. (4.00%); tapeworms Choanotaenia infundibulum (2.10%) and Raillietina ...
The most useful drugs in the management of nephrotic syndrome are the corticosteroids. These drugs are as well known for their adverse effects as they are for their therapeutic advantages. The two most common paediatric side effects are suppression of linear growth and posterior subcapsular cataracts. Both of these untoward effects are insiduous and therefore less easily perceived. Although many workers have studied the growth inhibiting effects of the corticosteroids in the various diseases e.g. asthma, very little work was done to investigate these effects in patients with nephrotic syndrome. Furthermore, the Renal Clinic, King Edward VIII Hospital, Durban continues to use a daily regime of prednisone instead of the alternate day regime which is widely recommended to minimise growth retardation. This study was therefore undertaken to investigate the growth inhibiting effects of repeated courses of daily, high-dose prednisone in African and Indian children with nephrotic syndrome. All children ...
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nevirapine-containing antiretroviral therapy (ART) and rifampicin-based antitubercular therapy are commonly co-administered in Africa, where nevirapine is often the only available non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor. Rifampicin induces the metabolism of nevirapine, but the extent of the reduction in nevirapine concentrations has varied widely in previous studies. We describe the steady-state pharmacokinetics of nevirapine during and after antitubercular therapy in South African patients. METHODS: Sixteen patients receiving ART including standard doses of nevirapine were admitted twice for intensive pharmacokinetic sampling: during and after rifampicin-based antitubercular therapy. RESULTS: Geometric mean ratios for nevirapine pharmacokinetic parameters during versus after antitubercular therapy were 0.61 [90% confidence interval (CI) 0.49-0.79] for Cmax, 0.64 (90% CI 0.52-0.80) for area under the curve up to 12 h (AUC(0-12)) and 0.68 (90% CI 0.53-0.86) for ...
Dating and Finding love in We have created a dating system especially for South Africans where the emphasis is We have new South African singles joining every day where tons of connections are South Africas Leading Online Dating Service. DatingBuzz South Africa provides a secure, and soulmates in New Brunswick. Registration is easy and fast -just two short steps, a totally free online dating service where you can connect with singles looking for fun in South Africa. Meet new people in South Africa. Badoo is great for meeting people in South Africa for chat and fun, Johannesburg, but the city is also home to some stunning food and wine, hassle-free environment where people can meet to form new online relationships. 48 - Centurion, romance or just a date in South Africa without getting your credit card out. We have loads of members in South Africa,925 hotels and other places to stay. I loved the friendly staff, Gauteng. Smart and funny, shy until I get comfortable looking for someone to bring out ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Milk production of three exotic dairy goat genotypes in limpopo province, South Africa. AU - Norris, D.. AU - Ngambi, J. W.. AU - Benyi, K.. AU - Mbajiorgu, C. A.. PY - 2011/1/1. Y1 - 2011/1/1. N2 - The aim of the study was to investigate the milk potential of Saanen, British Alpine and Toggenburg dairy goats does under extensive nutritional management. Saanen produced more milk (1.45 kg day-1) than the two other breeds. Toggenburg produced the least amount of milk (0.56 kg). All breeds produced less than their reported production under improved management regimes. The Toggenburg and the British Alpine least expressed their genetic potential for milk production under extensive nutritional and management scheme. However, the milk yield from these temperate breeds under extensive management system was still much higher than the reported milk production of indigenous goats. Milk from the British Alpine had the highest protein content while the least milk protein content was found in ...
The Nelson Mandela Foundation (NMF) commissioned the first national, household sero-prevalence survey of HIV/AIDS in 2002. That study had significant impact nationally, in the sub-region and internationally. The report received widespread attention, has been used to build the capacity of other Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries in implementing similar studies, and has impacted on policy, strategy and practice in the area of HIV/AIDS in South Africa. Statistics South Africa currently uses the 2002 household survey to estimate the magnitude of the HIV/AIDS situation in the country. Since 2002, significant shifts have occurred and South Africa has made great strides: the roll out of a comprehensive programme for the care and treatment of HIV-infected individuals has begun and investment in mass media campaigns aimed at preventing new infections is at an all-time high. The NMF realised that it was important to assess the extent to which these policies and practices had changed ...
Click here to Gain online access to the videos live and on demand Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital division of Cardiology 9th Annual conference 15 & 16 July 2017 |  Wits School of Public Health Parktown Livemedia web access: Individual / Personal: 100,00 EUR EC sales (VIES registered): 100,00 EUR UK companies: 100 € + VAT 20 %: 120,00 EUR International Companies, NOT VIES registered: 100 €. + VAT 20 %: 120,00 EUR Services provided by: INVENTICS Ltd Regus - Liberty House 222 Regent Street London, W1B 5TR United Kingdom VAT Reg: GB 112 2686 42 THE CONFERENCE New Horizons in Echocardiography was first held in 2009. This course was conceived at a time when there was no dedicated echocardiography courses run in South Africa. The aim of this course was to provide physicians and sonographers with the opportunity to improve their knowledge in echocardiography . A second unique aim was to provide practical training to participants on various echocardiographic
FC: Plant Scavenger Hunt Paige Hausermann Periods 7-9. 1: 1. Poisonous Plants in Ohio Poison Ivy, Poison Sumac, and Poison Oak , Jim Dunphy (1999-2011). Poison Ivy, Oak, and Sumac Information Center. Retrieved on October 13, 2011 from: http://poisonivy.aesir.com/view , Will Cook (2009). Poison Sumac. Retrieved on October 13, 2011 from: http://www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/tove.html , Rhus radicans Poison Ivy Shade, moderate rain, trees United States and Southern Canada , Rhus diversiloba Poison Oak shade, moderate rain Eastern United States , Rhus Vernix Poison Sumac shade, moderate rain Eastern United States. 2: 2. Gymnosperm: Male Gametophyte , encephalartos horridus Eastern Cape Blue Cycad desert, diect sun, dry conditions Eastern Cape Province, South America , Lou-Nita La Roux (2003). Encephalartos horridus. Retrieved October 23, 2011 from http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantefg/encephhorrid.htm. 3: 3. Gymnosperm - Female Gametophyte pinus strobus Eastern White Pine , Tricia Jones (2004). Pinus ...
Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumours of the digestive tract. Pathogenesis is linked to activating mutations identified in two proto-oncogenes, v-kit Hardy/Zuckerman 4 feline sarcoma viral oncogene homologue KIT (KIT) and the platelet-derived growth factor α (PDGFRα). In addition, these mutations affect response to treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors. In the present study, we report on the molecular characterisation of GISTs in the South African population. Tumour DNA was extracted from 46 GIST samples, followed by cycle sequencing of KIT exons 11, 13 and 17 and PDGFRα exons 12, 14 and 18. Fragment length analysis was used to detect a 6-bp duplication in KIT exon 9. Wild-type duplications were analysed further by PCR and sequencing of additional KIT and PDGFRα exons was performed. Overall, 78.3% of the samples had a mutation in KIT or PDGFRα. Of these, mutations were detected in KIT exon 11 (88.9%), PDGFRα exon 18 (8.3%) and KIT exon 9 ...
The availability of these data allows for increased monitoring of the extent of TB screening for people in HIV care. The proportion of HIV-positive people being screened for TB in South Africa is exceptionally low, with an average of only 40% in 2007. For the Eastern Cape Department of Health, this is significantly lower at 27% in 2007. The main advantages of the integrated screening tool in the clinical record are the quality and continuity of care it allows. It reminds clinicians to screen for active TB at each and every visit for patients enrolled in HIV care and on antiretroviral treatment (ART). It also prevents unmasking of TB through immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) in patients with lower CD4 counts. The ruling out of TB through the ACR is also crucial for the correct implementation of isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT). The ACR also allows the clinician to monitor TB investigation results, TB treatment progress and TB treatment outcome. Essentially, the ACR improves ...
Dr. Winstead presented a paper at the 1st biennial conference of the Journal of Southern African Studies in Livingstone, Zambia in August, 2015. The conference theme is Southern Africa Beyond the West: Political, Economic & Cultural Relationships with the BRICS Countries & the Global South. In addition to his paper and participating in a roundtable on setting the agenda of Southern African Studies in the 21st century and how African Studies should respond to the past two decades of change in Southern Africas position in the world, had meetings to exploring establishment of linkages between Howard University Center for African Studies and the Southern African Institute for Policy and Research (SAIPAR), an independent, educational research and development oriented research center in Zambia and one of the sponsors of the conference ...
Maize is an important staple crop in South Africa, and is also used for animal feed. In the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa a larger percentage of the farmers are small scale farmers and lack financial resources to ...
Diarrhoea caused by Cryptosporidium is usually mild in immune competent individuals but severe in the young and those with underlying disease leading to compromised immunity. The conventional diagnosis of Cryptosporidium requires observation of the infective oocysts however, their tiny size yields indistinct results, thus limiting the effectiveness of the conventional diagnostic technique, modified Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) differential staining. Consequent to the abovementioned limitation, ZN staining, sandwich antigen detection enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (sad-ELISA) and a direct polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay techniques were evaluated for diagnostic efficacy. Stool samples were collected from 180 consenting adult patients attending outpatient and inpatient clinics at Victoria Hospital, Alice, Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. Subjects were stratified as; 35 HIV-positive and diarrhoeagenic, 125 HIV-negative diarrhoeagenic and 20 apparently healthy controls. Cryptosporidium incidence
It is important for Higher Education Institutions to have marketing strategies that focus on understanding the customer needs in the 21st century. The rapid growth of the internet and the Web 2.0 have led individuals and organisations into applying social media as a branding and communication tool. Hence this study focused on comparing the influence of social media on four Eastern Cape universities in relation to social media metrics and visually demonstrated through the computer-generated human face, the Chernoff faces. Using diary and literature study, the study adopted a case study research design. The researcher sampled four universities using a purposeful sampling technique. Chernoff faces were used to enhance the ability of the reader to immediately understand significant occurrences based on social media metric indicators. To demonstrate multivariate data, the faces brought an original method of expressing complex data as opposed to traditional methods. The study found that Brand ...
The dive site SAS Good Hope is a recent wreck in the Smitswinkel Bay area on the Cape Peninsula side of False Bay, near Cape Town in the Western Cape province of South Africa.
The dive site MFV Orotava is a recent wreck in the Smitswinkel Bay area on the Cape Peninsula side of False Bay, near Cape Town in the Western Cape province of South Africa.
TB is linked with a deadly silicosis epidemic, hidden for decades in rural South Africa. Gold mining firms must make amends. - Jaine Roberts, The Hidden Epidemic Amongst Former Miners: Silicosis, Tuberculosis and the Occupational Diseases in Mines and Works Act in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. A 2007 health and safety audit found that the tuberculosis rates in mines continued to be the highest in the world, and the audit was blunt as to why: … there is a pervasive culture of non-compliance to legislative requirements. Inquiry after inquiry makes findings to the effect that risk assessments are not conducted, training is not done, early-morning examinations are not done, equipment is not maintained and the list goes on and on.. Jaine Roberts, the director of research at Rhodes University in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, and the author of The Hidden Epidemic Amongst Former Miners: Silicosis, Tuberculosis and the Occupational Diseases in Mines and Works Act in the Eastern Cape, South ...
abstract = Background: Default from multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) treatment remains a major barrier to cure and epidemic control. We sought to identify patient risk factors for default from MDR-TB treatment and high-risk time periods for default in relation to hospitalization and transition to outpatient care. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed a cohort of 225 patients who initiated MDR-TB treatment between 2007 through 2010 at a rural TB hospital in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. Results: Fifty percent of patients were cured or completed treatment, 27{\%} defaulted, 14{\%} died, 4{\%} failed treatment, and 5{\%} transferred out. Recent alcohol use was common (63{\%} of patients). In multivariable proportional hazards regression, older age (hazard ratio [HR]= 0.97 [95{\%} confidence interval 0.94-0.99] per year of greater age), formal housing (HR=0.38 [0.19-0.78]), and steady employment (HR=0.41 [0.19-0.90]) were associated with decreased risk of default, while recent ...
The DSBD promotes and develops small businesses and cooperatives, and its work in this regard focuses on the economic and legislative drivers that stimulate entrepreneurship and contribute to radical economic transformation.. The department provides support for small enterprises directly and indirectly through the Small Enterprise Development Agency (SEDA) and the Small Enterprise Finance Agency (SEFA). However, the black business supplier development programme and the national informal business upliftment scheme are implemented directly by the department.. The Black Business Supplier Development Programme (BBSDP) offers a cost-sharing grant for small enterprises to acquire tools, machinery, equipment and training to a maximum of R1 million per applicant, while the national informal business upliftment scheme aims to develop and grow informal businesses by providing financial, non-financial and infrastructure support services.. The NDP identifies the pivotal role of small, medium and micro ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - High treatment failure and default rates for patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, 2000-2003. AU - Brust, James C.M.. AU - Gandhi, N. R.. AU - Carrara, H.. AU - Osburn, G.. AU - Padayatchi, N.. PY - 2010/4/1. Y1 - 2010/4/1. N2 - SETTING: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has emerged as a significant public health threat in South Africa. OBJECTIVE: To describe treatment outcomes and determine risk factors associated with unfavorable outcomes among MDR-TB patients admitted to the provincial TB referral hospital in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study of MDR-TB patients admitted from 2000 to 2003. RESULTS: Of 1209 MDR-TB patients with documented treatment outcomes, 491 (41%) were cured, 35 (3%) completed treatment, 208 (17%) failed treatment, 223 (18%) died and 252 (21%) defaulted. Of the total number of patients with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status, 52% were HIV-infected. ...
The wine industry has never fully accounted for its role in the dop system and the habituation of workers and rural communities to alcohol. Foetal alcohol syndrome is a collection of birth defects involving physical and neurodevelopmental impairments. It results in low intelligence, behavioural disorders, poor social judgement and general difficulty in performing everyday tasks. Local foetal alcohol syndrome figures are up to 100 times higher than other populations, such as indigenous nations of North America and Australasia, traditionally considered high risk. In the Western and Northern Cape provinces, between 5% and 10% of children entering school have foetal alcohol syndrome. And there are areas in the Western Cape with clusters of higher foetal alcohol syndrome rates than those found in earlier studies. In Gauteng, 2.5% of school-entering children - or one in 40 - have foetal alcohol syndrome, with some areas showing rates double this estimate. In real terms, these figures amount to ...
... democratic South Africa. Amongst the prominent South African people born and bred in New Brighton include actor and playwright ... result of Argentinian fodder and horses being imported into South Africa by the British military during the South African War. ... New Brighton is a township in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. It forms part of the greater township of Ibhayi and the Nelson ... Some of the prominent names in the South African art scene today - a new generation following those mentioned above - that were ...
South Africa. January 6, 2015. Archived from the original on January 7, 2015. Retrieved January 7, 2015. "Supporters and ... Jeffrey Sachs in Africa, which followed them on a trip to a Millennium Village in western Kenya. By mid-2007, some 6,000 ... D'Zurilla, Christie (January 3, 2011). "Angelina Jolie, Brad Pitt donate $2 million to African wildlife sanctuary". Los Angeles ... Blitzer, Wolf (host) (September 28, 2005). "Angelina Jolie discusses Africa". The Situation Room. CNN. Archived from the ...
In South Africa, the Efficiency Medal (South Africa) was superseded on 6 April 1952 by the John Chard Medal, which could be ... The South African version of the medal was unique since the inscriptions on the scroll bar and the reverse of the medal were ... On the South African version, the Afrikaans and English inscriptions are "VIR BEKWAME DIENS" and "FOR EFFICIENT SERVICE", each ... South Africa. The first two versions were awarded. Southern Rhodesia. The first four versions were awarded. Trinidad and Tobago ...
South Africa. Retrieved 8 May 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Samuel Julies". MTN Football. Archived from the ... Samuel Julies (born 28 April 1991) is a South African professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for National First ...
South Africa. In Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A comprehensive analysis. Chapter 7 Pp. 175-212. Washington, ... University of Pretoria South Africa Prof Lindiwe Majele Sibanda is a food systems scientist, policy advocate and trusted key ... Science Diplomacy Award by the Government of South Africa (2015); FARA Award for Exemplary leadership (2014); and Yara 2013 ... "Science Diplomacy Award by the Government of South Africa". "Forum for FARA Award for Exemplary leadership (2014)". 2014. "Food ...
"Famine in Africa". Barbican Art Gallery (London), 1985. "Lebanon". Magnum Gallery (Paris), 1985. "South Africa". Fnac (Paris), ... 180 photographs by Steele-Perkins, from 1980 to 1994, of Chad, Ethiopia, Kenya, Namibia, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania ... Work in South Korea included a contribution to a Hayward Gallery touring exhibition of photographs of contemporary slavery, " ... London: Pluto Press; Trenton, N.J.: Africa World Press, 1983. ISBN 0-86104-397-9. Text by Selim Nassib and Caroline Tisdall, ...
South Africa. Munro, H.K. (1957). "Trypetidae, In Ruwenzori Expedition 1934-1935". British Museum (Natural History). 2 (9): 853 ...
"Take Courage (Radio Version) - Single by Kristene DiMarco on Apple Music". Apple Music (iTunes). South Africa. May 8, 2017. ...
South Africa. Archived from the original on 9 May 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2013. "Kenya launches offensive in Somalia". ... Defense Intelligence Agency (November 1987). "Military Intelligence Summary, Vol IV, Part III, Africa South of the Sahara". p. ... Defense Intelligence Agency (November 1987). "Military Intelligence Summary, Vol IV, Part III, Africa South of the Sahara". p. ... Defense Intelligence Agency, 'Military Intelligence Summary, Vol IV, Part III, Africa South of the Sahara', November 1987 ...
"Christmas: The Peace Project by Hillsong Worship on Apple Music". Apple Music (iTunes). South Africa. 20 October 2017. ... South Melbourne, Australia; strings and horns) Oaklands Productions (Nunawading, Australia) The Hub Studio (Sydney, Australia) ...
South Africa A and the Rest of South Africa. A Left-arm fast-medium bowler, Abdulla was named in the Emerging Players squad to ... Abdulla was also the part of the South Africa's 2009 T20 World Cup Squad but did not get a chance. In the 2009 IPL Abdulla was ... Other than that Yusuf Abdulla played just one more international game and took only 2 International wickets for South Africa. ... Yusuf Adam Abdulla (Gujarati: યુસુફ અબ્દુલ્લા; born 17 January 1983) is a retired South African cricketer. He played first- ...
The squid's known range extends thousands of kilometres north of Antarctica to southern South America, southern South Africa, ... South Africa.[dead link] "World's biggest squid reveals 'beach ball' eyes". www.terradaily.com. Wellington: AFP. 30 April 2008 ... ISBN 978-92-5-106720-8. "Very Rare Giant Squid Caught Alive". South Georgia Island. Archived from the original on 5 June 2010. ... while taking a toothfish from a longline off South Georgia Island. Although the mantle was not brought aboard, its length was ...
South Africa. Q. stuckenbergi Alexander, 1956 "Catalogue of the Craneflies of the World (Diptera, Tipuloidea: Pediciidae, ...
"Team South Africa for Commonwealth Games announced". The South African. "Newsletters". South Africa Bowls. Susan Nel on ... "Another lawn bowls Commonwealth Games medal for South Africa". The Sports Eagle. South Africa. 1 August 2014. "2016 World Bowls ... She was selected as part of the South Africa team for the 2018 Commonwealth Games on the Gold Coast in Queensland. She was the ... Susanna Sophie Nel (born 27 August 1956) is a South African international lawn bowler. She competed in the women's fours and ...
Or travel to the birthplace of my mother... South Africa...") Hay, Carla (13 November 2011). "Ben Barnes opens up about his ... Latin America and South Africa. Barnes next starred in the title role in a film adaptation of Oscar Wilde's Dorian Gray, ... Barnes cites his mother's Jewish South African childhood, his father's scientific education, and his attendance at what he felt ... "South Korea to See 'Dawn Treader' in 4D!? , NarniaWeb". www.narniaweb.com. Retrieved 16 January 2017. "2010 Yearly Box Office ...
South Africa. Retrieved May 29, 2013. Szalai, Georg (May 28, 2013). "News Corp. Unveils Post-Split Logo Based on Rupert ...
"South Africa". International Lutheran Council. Retrieved March 5, 2018. "Southern Africa". International Lutheran Council. ... "South Africa". Foreign Missions of the Apostolic Lutheran Church of America. Retrieved March 9, 2018. "Sudan". The Lutheran ... "South Africa". Lutheran World Federation. Retrieved February 2, 2018. "The History of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in ... "Central Africa - An Overview". LC-MS in Africa. Retrieved April 6, 2018. "Cambodian Lutherans plan to re-launch church body". ...
South Africa. Walker, Frances (1853). Diptera. Part IV, pp. 253-474, pls. 7-8. In [Saunders, W. W. (ed.)], Insecta Saundersiana ...
"2016 CAF African Nations Championship Games". CapeTownMagazine.com. South Africa. 16 January 2016. Retrieved 13 March 2014. ... In January 2014, coach Claude Leroy invited Bhebey-Ndey to be a part of the Congo national squad for the 2014 African Nations ...
... to Nylstroom in the South African Republic (now Modimolle, South Africa) where they started a farm. Abraham made his living as ... led spy rings and carried out sabotage missions as a covert field asset in South Africa, Great Britain, Central and South ... While in New York, he published a novel in the French newspaper Le Petit Bleu, and two other novels published in South Africa. ... A final tally showed that about 1.5 million pounds (680,000 kilos) of gold bullion was removed from the South African Mint and ...
Zwai also performed with TKZee at the 2010 World Cup in South Africa. Loyiso Bala was born on the 22nd of September 1979. Some ... In 2015, Loyiso won his first South African Music Awards since 2010, his third SAMA since his first in 1999 when he won the ... South Africa. Retrieved 19 June 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Grammy Awards 2011: Winners and nominees for ... B3 Live at Emperors Palace Bala Brothers (Live) Powell, Alicia (14 May 2015). "South Africa's Bala Brothers set sights on U.S. ...
South Africa. Lui, Elaine. "Intro for Sep 04, 2009". Lainey Gossip. Long, Camilla (2009-07-12). "The Worst Date Ever: War ... The Worst Date Ever or How it Took a Comedy Writer to Expose Africa's Secret War is a memoir written by the British comedy ...
South Africa. Retrieved 10 February 2019.[better source needed] Warren, Tom (25 February 2018). "Nokia's banana phone from The ... South Africa. Retrieved 20 August 2017. Loughran, Jack (24 May 2017). "Nokia 3310 leverages "nostalgia marketing" for "PR stunt ...
"South Africa , World Animal Protection". api.worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-10-30. "Korea , World Animal Protection ... in New Zealand Animal welfare and rights in Russia Animal welfare and rights in South Africa Animal welfare and rights in South ...
... (born 7 February 1975) is a South African fencer. She competed in the women's individual and team épée events ... "Kelly-Anne WILSON - Olympic Fencing , South Africa". International Olympic Committee. 20 June 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2018 ...
South Africa successfully built six nuclear weapons in the 1980s, but dismantled all of them in the early 1990s, shortly before ... "South Africa". Nuclear Threat Initiative. November 2011. Archived from the original on September 28, 2012. Retrieved February 8 ... Robert (August 23, 2008). "Nuclear Stockpiles: South Africa, India, Pakistan, and North Korea, warheads and megatonnage, ...
... is a South African feminist, women's activist and a member of the South African parliament in 1994. She was the ... South Africa. Parliament (1994- ). National Assembly (2001). Debates of the National Assembly (Hansard). Government Printer. p ...
South Africa. 5 March 2012. Ahmad, Reaz (13 March 2006). "Grameen teams up with Groupe Danone to set up food plant". The Daily ... Retrieved 17 July 2007.[dead link] "Danone and Wahaha vie for the last laugh". South China Morning Post. Hong Kong. 11 June ... "Danone buys Kenyan dairy firm stake to add African markets". Reuters. 18 July 2014. "Addressing malnutrition and access to safe ... In July 2014, Danone announced the acquisition of a 40% interest in Kenya's Brookside, East Africa's leading dairy products ...
"South Africa". Retrieved 30 March 2020. "Ecuador Oceans". Retrieved 10 April 2020. "Borneo". Retrieved 13 April 2020. "Shark ...
His father is from South Africa, and Green spent time there as a child. His family moved often, and as a child he lived in ... South Africa; and Australia. He attended Abbot Pennings High School (now Notre Dame Academy) in De Pere, Wisconsin. Green ... He also traveled to West Africa with the Academy for Educational Development, Oxfam and Save the Children to work on programs ... Hodal, Kate (May 18, 2017). "George W Bush's man in Africa handed tough challenge by Donald Trump". The Guardian. Retrieved May ...
South Africa. * Find this book on the National Library of South Africa catalogue ... South Carolina * Find this book in the Richland County, South Carolina Public Library (Columbia, South Carolina) system catalog ... Find this book on the University of South Africa catalogue. * Find this book on the University of the Witwatersrand Library ... Find this book in the South Central Library System catalog (south central Wisconsin) ...
There is ambitious breeding in many continents, including Africa (South Africa), North America, (Northern) Europe and Australia ...
Along the south and west is Galveston Bay. On the east is Cedar Bayou. The city is roughly bordered along the north by ... Henrietta Bell Wells, first African-American woman to participate in debate team in Wiley College and to be a lawyer ... Prevailing winds from the south and southeast bring heat from the deserts of Mexico and moisture from the Gulf of Mexico.[20] ... African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 14.42% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanics or ...
Independence is located 41 miles (66 km) south-southeast of Bishop,[3] at an elevation of 3930 feet (1198 m).[2] It is the ... African American, 98 (14.6%) Native American, 8 (1.2%) Asian, 1 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 28 (4.2%) from other races, and 35 ( ... The tiny village of Independence is bisected by U.S. Route 395, the main north-south highway through the Owens Valley. ...
Invitation to the African Destubathon[edit]. Hi. You may be interested in participating in the African Destubathon which starts ... Any chance you can, Jevansen? I notice you added Category:South Ballarat Football Club players to Charles' article. Jenks24 ( ... Africa currently has over 37,000 stubs and badly needs a quality improvement editathon/contest to flesh out basic stubs. There ... Even if contests aren't your thing we would be grateful if you could consider destubbing a few African articles during the ...
Women seem to be at a greater risk as do certain ethnic groups,[10][126] such as South Asians, Pacific Islanders, Latinos, and ... Fasanmade OA, Odeniyi IA, Ogbera AO (June 2008). "Diabetic ketoacidosis: diagnosis and management". African Journal of Medicine ... Obesity is more common in women than men in many parts of Africa.[29] The nutritional status of a mother during fetal ... of cases in those of European and African descent, and 100% of cases in Pima Indians and Pacific Islanders.[13] Among those who ...
Africa. *Africa. *Angola. *Nigeria. *South Africa. Location of different versions of Big Brother. ...
South Africa. 2016. 28.1 Spain. 2015. 13.9 Sri Lanka. 2016. 15.3 Sweden. 2015. 67.0 ... Trade unions and workplace democracy in Africa (Routledge, 2016).. *Kjellberg, Anders. "The Decline in Swedish Union Density ... In the United States, the outsourcing of labour to Asia, Latin America, and Africa has been partially driven by increasing ... "Trade Unionism in Colonial Africa" Journal of Modern African Studies, 4 (1966), pp. 65-81 ...
in South Africa. Informal or illegal. *in Ireland. *in Greece. *in South Tyrol ...
In 1927, Arya Samaj was established in Singapore in a shophouse in Rowell Road.[1][2][3]. In 1942 till 1945, during the Second World War the activities of the Arya Samaj was interrupted by the Japanese occupation of Singapore.[2][3]. In 1963, the Arya Samaj movement's present building at Syed Alwi Road was opened by Mollamal Sachdev, whose family gave generously to the building fund.[2][3]. In 2014, on 1 and 2 November, Arya Samaj Singapore celebrated International Arya Conference (Hindi: अंतर्राष्ट्रीय आर्य महा सम्मलेन) to mark the 101 years of Arya Samaj movement.[4]. In 2015, inaugural International Yoga Day (Hindi: अंतर्राष्ट्रीय योग दिवस) was celebrated by the Arya Samaj.[5]. ...
African Americans. *Asian Americans. *European Americans. *North Americans. *South Americans. *Oceanian Americans ...
In Africa, traditional medicine is used for 80% of primary healthcare, and in developing nations as a whole over one-third of ... South. and Southeast Asian. *Ayurveda (Indian). *Jamu (Indonesian). *Dweep Unani. *Siddha (South Indian) ...
Of the modern geologic features, only the land bridge between South America and North America was absent, although South ... The Tethys Seaway continued to shrink and then disappeared as Africa collided with Eurasia in the Turkish-Arabian region ... South AmericaEdit. During the Oligocene and Early Miocene large swathes of Patagonia were subject to a marine transgression. ... The largest form among them was a gigantic caiman Purussaurus which inhabited South America.[25] Another gigantic form was a ...
South Africa. South African. Tanzania. Tanzanian. Uganda. Ugandan. Zambia. Zambian. North America. Plains Sign Talk. Canada. ... South America. Argentina. Argentine. Belize. Belizean. Bolivia. Bolivian. Brazil. Libras. Ka'apor. Cayman. Old Cayman. Chile. ... Africa. Algeria. Algerian. Ghardaia. Ghana. Adamorobe. Nanabin. Kenya. Kenyan. Mali. Tebul. LaSiMa. Nigeria. Bura. Magannar ... Central African Republic, Mauritania, Kenya, Madagascar and Zimbabwe.. ≈ 500,000 in the USA ...
South African Journal of Botany. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2014.03.017. *ElSawy, N. A.; Hadda, T. B.; Bakr, E. H.; Header, E.A.M.; ... Gurib-Fakim, A.; Mahomoodally, M. F.. African Flora as Potential Sources of Medicinal Plants : Towards the Chemotherapy of ... Ameenah Gurib-Fakim Joins SAA - Spa & Wellness Association of Africa». Ανακτήθηκε στις 4-6-2015.. Ελέγξτε τις τιμές ημερομηνίας ... 10,0 10,1 http://www.icsu.org/icsu-africa/about-icsu-roa/about-us/files/ShortBiographyProfFakim.pdf ...
... the latter two often considered derogatory in the present day-are inhabitants of the Tigris-Euphrates marshlands in the south ... North/East Africa(2.8%): M1 2.8%. *Sub-Saharan Africa(4.9%): L 4.9% ...
Thailand and South Vietnam.[115] After the South Vietnamese supported a failed coup against Sihanouk, relations between the ... an economic historian based at London's School of Oriental and African Studies. He met with Pol Pot, but was murdered shortly ... In June 1970, Sâr left Vietnam and reached his K-5 base.[165] In July he headed south; it was at this point that he began ... In January 1968, the war was launched with an attack on the Bay Damran army post south of Battambang.[146] Further attacks ...
Pages in category "South African people of Lithuanian-Jewish descent". The following 55 pages are in this category, out of 55 ... Category:South African people of Lithuanian-Jewish descent. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:South_African_people_of_Lithuanian-Jewish_descent&oldid= ... South African people of Lithuanian descent. *South African people of Jewish descent ...
Kara, Siddharth (2012), Bonded Labor: Tackling the System of Slavery in South Asia, Columbia University Press, ISBN ... An Atlas and Survey of South Asian History. M.E.Sharpe. p. 54. ISBN 9780765637574. .. ... Graham, B. D. (1968), "Syama Prasad Mookerjee and the communalist alternative", in D. A. Low (ed.), Soundings in Modern South ... Girilal Jain, The Hindu phenomenon, South Asia Books (1995). ISBN 978-8186112328. ...
"Birding in India and South Asia. Retrieved 10 November 2007.. *^ Emery, Nathan J.; Clayton, Nicola S. (Dec 2004). "The ... P. mauritanica - Malherbe, 1845: North Africa (Morocco, northern Algeria and Tunisia) (now considered a separate species, the ... P. p. bactriana - Bonaparte, 1850: Siberia east to Lake Baikal, south to Caucasus, Iraq, Iran, Central Asia and Pakistan ... P. p. pica - (Linnaeus, 1758): British Isles and southern Scandinavia east to Russia, south to Mediterranean, including most ...
Nketia, Kwabena (1961: 78) African Music in Ghana. Accra: Longmans. *^ Kubik, Gerhard (1999: 54) Africa and the Blues. Jackson ... If you walk from New York to Miami, you're walking south; if you walk from Miami to New York, you're walking north. But if you ... Cuban music has been popular in sub-Saharan Africa since the mid-twentieth century. To the Africans, clave-based Cuban popular ... a b c Peñalosa, David (2009: 81). The Clave Matrix; Afro-Cuban Rhythm: Its Principles and African Origins. Redway, CA: Bembe ...
African Americans were his playmates, and his father enjoyed watching him jig dance with the black children.[10][11] ... "I Wonder If You Feel the Way I Do" / "That's What I Like About the South" Vocalion 04566 ... It's the same, whether you just follow a drum beat like in Africa or surround it with a lot of instruments. The rhythm's what's ... Wills formed several bands and played radio stations around the South and West until he formed the Texas Playboys in 1934 with ...
Zweli Mkhize (South Africa). *Doni Monardo (Indonesia). *Alma Möller (Iceland). *Saeed Namaki (Iran) ...
Regionally, the South and West experienced the bulk of the nation's population increase, 14,790,890 and 10,411,850, ... 12.3% were of Black or African American descent;. *3.6% of respondents were Asian; ...
South Africa[edit]. *University of the Witwatersrand (Wits), BSc(Eng) Aeronautical & MSc (Eng) Aeronautical (Aerospace) ...
"Critical decline in pneumococcal disease and antibiotic resistance in South Africa". NICD. Retrieved 20 July 2015.. ... and South Africa.[26] Interaction with Haemophilus influenzae[edit]. Historically, Haemophilus influenzae has been a ...
syndicated) article from South Africa). -- tariqabjotu 03:26, 15 December 2006 (UTC) *SA is Anglophone and has close ties to ... And it happens all the damn time, whether here in the western world or in South Africa. This is common. There is absolutely no ... It may be common place for people to go around killing large numbers of people in South Africa but it most certainly isn't in ... Honestly, 5 people being killed is not nearly as important as, say, 1,128 children being killed in South Africa last year. Yet ...
Wilson, A. J.; Dalton, D. (1982). The States of South Asia: Problems of National Integration. Essays in Honour of W. H. Morris- ... Chatterji, SK (1921). "Bengali Phonetics". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. 2: 1. doi:10.1017/ ... In the dialects prevalent in much of eastern and south-eastern Bangladesh (Barisal, Chittagong, Dhaka and Sylhet Divisions of ... The South Asian Literary Recordings Project, The Library of Congress. Bengali Authors. ...
Africa: Gen Thomas D. Waldhauser, USMC. Central: GEN Joseph Votel, USA. European: GEN Curtis Scaparrotti, USA. Northern: Gen ... Retired in 1964 to become United States Ambassador to South Vietnam. 21.. GEN Lyman L. Lemnitzer. 1 July 1959. 30 September ... Recalled to active duty in 1941; led defense of the Philippines during World War II, and then commanded South West Pacific Area ...
China-Africa relations. *China-Caribbean relations. *China-European Union relations. *China-Pacific relations ...
South Africa. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 39,2:192-201. ... In South Africa, dassies occur from Cape Town to the northern-most borders of the country in areas where there are suitable ... also occur in South Africa. However, these two species have much more restricted distributions. There is only one other species ... Dassies are eaten by people in much of Africa but this is not well documented. Hyraceum is the fossilised urine and faeces of ...
She has published widely in: South African journals such as English in Africa, the English Academy Review and the South African ... and the Royal Academy of South Africas Meiring Naude Medal (2019). Since 2014 he has been the chair of the South African ... I am a member of South African Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Physiology Society of South Africa and European ... The "Science Village Hubs" is composed of individual from different African Countries, namely South Africa, Ghana, Sudan, ...
... the South African Army, the South African Air Force, the South African Navy, and the South African Military Health Service. In ... The South African media sector is large, and South Africa is one of Africas major media centres. While South Africas many ... South Africa portal Africa portal Outline of South Africa Telephone numbers in South Africa The Constitution of the Republic of ... Southern Africa is home to the other of sub-Saharan Africas regional powers: South Africa. South Africa is more than just a ...
Access South Africas economy facts, statistics, project information, development research from experts and latest news. ... Latest news and information from the World Bank and its development work in South Africa. ... South Africa At-A-Glance South Africas political transition is known as one of the most remarkable political feats of the past ... The World Bank In South Africa. The World Banks strategy in South Africa reflects the countrys development priorities and its ...
"Countering corruption in South Africa: The rise and fall of the Scorpions and Hawks". South African Crime Quarterly. 39. ... "South Africas new priority crimes unit". SouthAfrica.info. Retrieved 17 August 2014.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font- ... by the Constitutional Court of South Africa in March 2011 in Glenister v President of the Republic of South Africa and Others.[ ... South African Police Service Amendment Act, 10 of 2012. *^ (CCT 07/14, CCT 09/14) [2014] ZACC 32; 2015 (1) BCLR 1 (CC); 2015 (2 ...
See also: Internet in South Africa. The first use of telecommunication in the Republic of South Africa was a single line ... It forms part of the SAT-3/WASC/SAFE cable system, where the SAFE cable links South Africa to Asia. The South Africa Far East ... a national South African newspaper. Money for the ad was donated by dissatisfied South African individuals and businesses. The ... one of the highest in South Africa). Many customers in South Africa are dissatisfied with the level of service delivery. Many ...
... Discover more about CDCs work in South Africa by viewing our detailed country profilepdf icon ... In 1994, CDC South Africa strengthened its support and began working with the government of South Africa to develop national ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) South Africa began its collaboration with South African non-governmental ... South African Study Provides Compelling New Evidence on Role of Person to Person Transmission in Drug-Resistant TB Epidemics. A ...
Chess South Africa (CHESS SA, previously CHESSA) is the national governing body for the sport of chess in South Africa. Chess ... South Africa portal Chess portal Sports portal Games portal Chess in South Africa List of chess federations {{cite web,title= ... "Chess South Africa". chessa.co.za. Retrieved 21 June 2020. Smith, David (8 January 2015). "South African escapes township ... "South Africas first Grandmaster". ChessBase. Retrieved 8 September 2015. Official website Chess South Africa on Facebook World ...
The R534 is a Regional Route in South Africa. It is a scenic detour of the north-south R532 to Gods Window in Mpumalanga near ... "RDDA SOUTH AFRICAN NUMBERED ROUTE DESCRIPTION AND DESTINATION ANALYSIS". NATIONAL DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT. May 2012. Retrieved ...
這真的 UltraWide!華碩在 ROG Strix 系列中,推出首款採用 32:9 比例的 DFHD 電競顯示器「ROG Strix XG49VQ」,解析度可達 3840x1080,相當於兩個 27 吋 FHD 顯示器並排,並具備著 144Hz、3ms、1800R 與 DisplayHDR 400 等電競規格,更
The ASUS VG278QR sits right in the sweet spot between 144-165Hz and has a really bright panel with good colour reproduction. Theres also value addition in the form of the OSD assists for gamers thats slowly becoming the norm in this price segment. Overall, the VG278QR with its 0.5 ms response time is positioned as a worthy competition in this segment. ...
Africas confirmed coronavirus cases now above a half-million as South Africa becomes a global hot spot. Jul. 8, 2020 4:13 AM ... JOHANNESBURG (AP) - Africas confirmed coronavirus cases now above a half-million as South Africa becomes a global hot spot. ... JOHANNESBURG (AP) - Africa now has more than a half-million confirmed coronavirus cases, while South Africas health minister ... the Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention chief said Thursday, while a South African official said a single ...
Africa Travel - an Accommodation & Travel Directory for South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, ... Explore Africa is an Accommodation & Travel Directory for South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Kenya ... long open beaches and a traditional African culture. From South Africas scenic Cape Winelands, the spectacular Garden Route, ... Africa, a land rich in sunshine, blue skies, safaris, wildlife and game parks, ...
South Africa. A Marist institution dedicated to social justice, Sacred Heart has long served the children of South Africa--even ...
Cholera in South Africa 23 May 2003. Disease Outbreak Reported. The Department of Health has reported a cholera outbreak in the ... From 1 January to 28 March 2003, the cumulative number of reported cholera cases in South Africa is 2362. ...
CDC partners in South Africa with government and parastatal agencies, private institutions, universities and non-governmental ... Statistics South Africa, Morality and causes of death in South Africa, 2016: Findings from death notification; Statistical ... in South Africa since it was launched in November 2015? That is the big question that CDC South Africa and its partner, ... CDC Impact in South Africa. An estimated 85% of people living with HIV knew their status, and 71% received antiretroviral ...
As it stands, Mexico are still going through with the South Americans - but a further two-goal swing in South Africas favour ... France/South Africa can progress if either team wins AND Mexico-Uruguay is not a draw. In this event, it is down to goal ... South Africa ended their Group A campaign on a high note with a battling win over France, as the hosts were eliminated from the ... Heartbreak for South Africa as that goal from Florent Malouda deals a savage blow to their hopes of a fairytale passage to the ...
... epa0385Huge billboards of happy miners on the outside of the Anglo American offices in downtown ... It is the first settlement reached in South Africa between a mining ... South Africa, September 4, 2013. Anglo American along with other mining houses are effected by a nation wide gold miners strike ...
An alumnus from South Kent School is working on creating a bridge between South Kent and a South African group. ... South Africa. From this experience I realized that South Africa needs a stronger economy, better health care, and improved ... The NBA held an exhibition at Ellis Park Arena in Johannesburg, South Africa, a game filled with star power that perhaps was a ... My two-week visit to South Africa was part of a semester-long course at CRECs Metropolitan Learning Center for Global and ...
A summary of eCommerce related information relating to South Africa. This information is from Preparing Your Business for ... South AfricaSouth Africa. A summary of eCommerce related information relating to South Africa. This information is from " ... South Africa. A summary of eCommerce related information relating to South Africa. This information is from "Preparing Your ... 38.51 percent of South African consumers use their mobiles for online purchases.. Current Demand. Services. Books, airline ...
South Africa has made considerable economic and social progress over the past two decades, but faces substantial challenges. ... monetary policy normalization-are taking a heavy toll on South Africa. Growth and employment, which were already low, are ... and promoting social transformation remain South Africas key challenges. ... This paper describes South Africas economic development and challenges. ...
Late South African leader set an inspirational example as a political leader and as a man with an astounding capacity to ... A group of students on a tour of South Africa led by Stevenson University was robbed on Sunday while traveling in Pretoria, a ... Stevenson cut short a five-week study-abroad program to South Africa after a group of students and chaperones were robbed last ... Former South African President Nelson Mandela demonstrated the path for bringing together entrenched interests, something the U ...
SOUTH AFRICA. Br Med J 1905; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.2318.1229 (Published 03 June 1905) Cite this as: Br Med J ...
South Africa. It lies immediately west of Johannesburg in the Witwatersrand. The first discovery of gold in the Witwatersrand ... province, northeastern South Africa. It consists of the cities of Pretoria, Johannesburg, Germiston, and Vereeniging and their ... Roodepoort, city, Gauteng province, South Africa. It lies immediately west of Johannesburg in the Witwatersrand. The first ... Gauteng is the smallest South African province. It is bordered by the provinces of Limpopo on the north, Mpumalanga on the… ...
South Africa. South Africas First Nations Have Been Forgotten. As Pretoria prepares to confront the legacy of colonial and ... South Africas Zuma May Have Finally Met the Scandal That Brings Him Down. For South Africas polygamist, scandal-plagued ... Embassy in South Africa Rejects Trump Tweet. Internal cable cites report that farm murders in South Africa are at their lowest ... Cyril Ramaphosa Isnt South Africas Savior. The newly elected leader of the African National Congress is being treated like a ...
South Africas ruling African National Congress has elected Cyril Ramaphosa as its new president, making him likely to become ... Counting of votes for the next president of South Africas ruling African National Congress party has begun. ... Legendary South African jazz musician and anti-apartheid activist Hugh Masekela has died at the age of 78 after a decade-long ... Hundreds of South African soccer fans disgruntled at the performance of their team rioted at a game on Saturday night. They ...
From the time of the first white settlements in South Africa, the Protestant emphasis on home Bible reading ensured that basic ... South Africa. From the time of the first white settlements in South Africa, the Protestant emphasis on home Bible reading ... Before the apartheid era came to an end during the early 1990s, South Africa began to address the crisis in African education. ... Church mission schools attempted to replace the preliterate tribal education of native Africans in the South African colonies. ...
Support for you in South Africa. Please note, the University of Warwick does not have official representation in South Africa. ... If you would like to contact us, Caroline Rushingwa and Jennifer Ball are your dedicated contacts for South Africa. They are ... We currently have 30 students from South Africa studying on our campus. All the information you need on making your application ... Information on scholarships available to nationals of South Africa for full-time study at the University of Warwick can be ...
... the township with South Africas most stubborn black resistance, in the restive eastern Cape. When he saw the police, he said, ... was just one more schoolboy in one more miserable South African township whose family was often divided by the fathers ... DEFIANCE IN SOUTH AFRICA. By Alan Cowell; Alan Cowell is chief of The New York Timess Johannesburg bureau. Published: April 14 ... A little over a year ago, Lucas, son of a railway worker, was just one more schoolboy in one more miserable South African ...
  • JOHANNESBURG (AP) - The COVID-19 pandemic in Africa is reaching "full speed," the Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention chief said Thursday, while a South African official said a single province is preparing 1.5 million graves. (ap.org)
  • JOHANNESBURG (AP) - Africa now has more than a half-million confirmed coronavirus cases, while South Africa's health minister declared Wednesday that "we have now reached the surge. (ap.org)
  • Bishop Kearney High School is proud to be working in partnership with Sacred Heart College in Johannesburg, South Africa. (google.com)
  • epa0385Huge billboards of happy miners on the outside of the Anglo American offices in downtown, Johannesburg, South Africa, September 4, 2013. (yahoo.com)
  • The NBA held an exhibition at Ellis Park Arena in Johannesburg, South Africa, a game filled with star power that perhaps was a step toward the league eventually holding a regular season game in an African nation. (courant.com)
  • It isn't easy, but a good place to start would probably be my visit to Central Methodist Church, which has housed thousands of Zimbabwean refugees in Johannesburg, South Africa. (courant.com)
  • A giraffe has killed a South African filmmaker who was on assignment at a wildlife facility northwest of Johannesburg. (chicagotribune.com)
  • The former wife of Nelson Mandela, South Africa's first black president, Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, died in Johannesburg on Monday at age 81. (chicagotribune.com)
  • In the black township of Sharpeville, south of Johannesburg, where modern black resistance started 25 years ago, when Africa as a whole was barely coming to grips with notions of liberation and struggle, an old, wizened man said: ''They are ready to die, the youth. (nytimes.com)
  • After rioters in Johannesburg targeted immigrants from other African countries, South Africa has been hit with boycotts and cancellations of soccer games and concerts. (nytimes.com)
  • JOHANNESBURG (AP) - Former South African leader Nelson Mandela remains in critical but stable condition in hospital, though "medical interventions" are required because his health sometimes becomes unstable, the South African government said Saturday. (yahoo.com)
  • Curry Buffets, Sunny Beaches, and Africa's Oldest Botanic Gardens in Durban Head to this warm South African port town for a relaxing break from the more bustling Johannesburg. (nymag.com)
  • JOHANNESBURG (AP) - Former President Nelson Mandela began responding better to treatment Wednesday morning for a recurring lung infection following "a difficult last few days," South Africa's president said. (usatoday.com)
  • Mandela receives his law degree from the University of the Witwatersrand, located in Johannesburg, South Africa. (usatoday.com)
  • Save Big Deal Real Estate Investing Group - Online Webinar Johannesburg, South Africa to your collection. (eventbrite.com)
  • Our work is aimed at supporting and promoting the brand, upholding standards associated with one of the most revered names in the world, perpetuating the passion for Ferrari that was established over 50 years ago in Johannesburg with the importation of the first Ferrari to our shores and helping our sponsors to extract a mutually beneficial outcomes from being associated with Ferrari and SEFAC in South Africa. (ferrari.com)
  • Our team of highly qualified equity specialists in Johannesburg work seamlessly with the wider Credit Suisse global equities platform to bring a full suite of domestic and global equity and equity-related products and services to our South African clients. (credit-suisse.com)
  • After a long and sometimes violent struggle by the African National Congress (ANC) and other anti-apartheid activists both inside and outside the country, the repeal of discriminatory laws began in the mid-1980s. (wikipedia.org)
  • South Africa is often referred to as the "rainbow nation" to describe the country's multicultural diversity, especially in the wake of apartheid. (wikipedia.org)
  • She talked to me about how she was able to experience the culture and meet Desmond Tutu who won the Nobel Peace Prize for his fight against apartheid in South Africa. (courant.com)
  • An anti-apartheid activist since he was 17, Sachs played a prominent role in South Africa's struggle for justice. (courant.com)
  • Since June 8, when Mandela was taken to a Pretoria hospital to be treated for a recurring lung infection, there has been a groundswell of concern in South Africa and around the world for the man who spent 27 years as a prisoner under apartheid and then emerged to negotiate an end to white racist rule before becoming president in the country's first all-race elections in 1994. (yahoo.com)
  • Kai Luke Brummer Is 2021's First Breakout Movie Star The star of Moffie on the memory of apartheid for young South Africans, straight actors playing gay, and who he'd love to work with next. (nymag.com)
  • Apartheid-racial separation-dominated domestic politics as the Nationalists gained power and imposed greater restrictions on Bantus (black Africans), Asians, and Coloreds (in South Africa the term meant any nonwhite person). (infoplease.com)
  • Eastman Kodak has decided to terminate all operations in South Africa on the ground that there no longer are reasonable hopes for an end to apartheid in the foreseeable future. (latimes.com)
  • This was unprecedented for a South African journalist since the end of apartheid. (rsf.org)
  • SOUTH African President F. W. de Klerk's announced intention to seek repeal of the three remaining pillars of the apartheid system marks the close of a failed experiment in authoritarianism and legally sanctioned racial repression. (washingtonpost.com)
  • PRETORIA (Reuters) - Former South African president Nelson Mandela spent a second day in a Pretoria military hospital on Sunday for medical tests and the government said the anti-apartheid leader's condition was comfortable. (reuters.com)
  • The ruling African National Congress ( ANC ) came to power six years ago determined to improve the lot of all those who suffered under apartheid. (economist.com)
  • The National Party comes to power in South Africa and implements a policy of apartheid -- an Afrikaans word meaning "apartness. (usatoday.com)
  • The academic boycott during the apartheid years made it difficult to publish papers, attend international conferences or attract funding, and popular media outside South Africa took little notice of what was happening in science in the pariah state. (newscientist.com)
  • I am south african and I was born during the apartheid. (yahoo.com)
  • a) I am a white afrikaner male and have lived in pre- and post apartheid south africa. (yahoo.com)
  • South Africa Readmitted to Olympics Competition : Apartheid: Nation ends 21 years as a sports pariah because of racism. (latimes.com)
  • Prisoner Issue Troubles S. Africa Peace Talks : Apartheid: The ANC vows not to negotiate until all political offenders are freed. (latimes.com)
  • It's been 25 years since South Africa dismantled apartheid, and while political progress has occurred, the young democracy continues to face hurdles. (pbs.org)
  • A quarter-century after the end of apartheid, South Africans go to the polls Wednesday for the sixth national elections since the demise of the harsh system of racial discrimination, although the country remains divided by economic inequality. (pbs.org)
  • Historical inequity has largely remained, and new inequities have become entrenched, earning post-apartheid South Africa the label of being among the most unequal societies in the world. (oxfam.org)
  • and by 'apartheid' (separate development) that confines the bulk of the black population to fragments of isolated, barren 'homeland' occupying only 13 per cent of South Africa's land area. (newint.org)
  • Students explore - in readings, classes, and visits - South Africa's apartheid past, the struggles for and miracle of its democratic transition, and the political-economy of the mining industry where interactions of politics, business, and race are poignant. (calvin.edu)
  • Throughout history, it's been no secret that the people of South Africa, mainly the blacks, have been oppressed by the country's apartheid government. (bookrags.com)
  • Moreover, climate change is an important issue for South Africa: it is a major contributor to climate change as the 14th largest emitter of greenhouse gases as of 2018 (in large part due to its coal industry), and is vulnerable to many of its impacts, because of its water-insecure environment and vulnerable communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most recently, the National Assembly of South Africa adopted legislation in December 2018 that also features a broad spectrum of vaguely delineated exceptions. (techdirt.com)
  • The 2018 Standard Bank IRONMAN 70.3 South Africa will offer 100 qualifying slots to the 2018 IRONMAN 70.3 World Championship in Port Elizabeth, South Africa. (ironman.com)
  • In South Africa, a national lockdown for 21 days commencing 26 March 2020 has been declared by President Cyril Ramaphosa in the fight against the spread of COVID-19. (sayas.org.za)
  • The National Department of Health (NDoH) and PEPFAR South Africa developed a Treatment and Retention Acceleration Plan, aiming to put an additional two million people on ART by December 2020. (cdc.gov)
  • In 2020, the coronavirus crisis did not spare journalism in South Africa, one of the African countries that were hit hardest by the pandemic. (rsf.org)
  • Starting August 1, 2020, AWS ZA will replace Amazon Web Services, Inc. (AWS, Inc.) as the AWS services provider for all accounts located in South Africa use the invoicing payment method. (amazon.com)
  • South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since 1961, the long formal name in English has been the "Republic of South Africa" and Republiek van Suid-Afrika in Afrikaans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Certain provisions of the Act were found to be unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court of South Africa in March 2011 in Glenister v President of the Republic of South Africa and Others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Glenister v President of the Republic of South Africa and Others. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first use of telecommunication in the Republic of South Africa was a single line telegraph connecting Cape Town and Simonstown . (wikipedia.org)
  • CDC began working with non-governmental and community-based organizations in the Republic of South Africa in 1989 to address the HIV epidemic. (cdc.gov)
  • South Africa has three capital cities: executive Pretoria, judicial Bloemfontein and legislative Cape Town. (wikipedia.org)
  • A group of students on a tour of South Africa led by Stevenson University was robbed on Sunday while traveling in Pretoria, a school spokeswoman said. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Talking With Lana Marks, Who's Ready to Ditch Palm Beach for Pretoria Trump's nominee for ambassador to South Africa wowed the president by throwing the perfect Mar-a-Lago wedding. (nymag.com)
  • Pretoria, 18 May 2009… UNICEF today welcomed the signing into law of the Child Justice Bill by the President of the Republic for South Africa, hailing it as a major step in strengthening the administration of justice for South Africa's children. (unicef.org)
  • All Visa applications are handled by the Regional Consular Center Southern Africa in Pretoria. (admin.ch)
  • In South Africa, dassies occur from Cape Town to the northern-most borders of the country in areas where there are suitable habitats. (sanbi.org)
  • Wakefield Valley Bible Church will have a Bible conference at 7 p.m. Nov. 17, sponsored by the Fellowship of Bible Churches, with the Rev. Steve Trostle, a missionary to Cape Town, South Africa, to speak on "The Mission of the Church. (baltimoresun.com)
  • As Cape Town counts down to Day Zero, South Africans worry about severe unrest and outbreaks of disease. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Coming of Age at a South African Prom A peek into the life of a Cape Town teenager. (nymag.com)
  • 3 December, Cape Town - During a busy visit to South Africa this week, David Beckham took time out of his schedule to fulfil his Ambassadorial role for the world's leading children's organisation UNICEF. (unicef.org)
  • Children view the solar eclipse through special protective glasses in Cape Town, South Africa. (baltimoresun.com)
  • The Consulate General in Cape Town continues to be responsible for the South African provinces of the Eastern Cape, Northern Cape and Western Cape. (admin.ch)
  • Cape Town, South Africa's second largest city, is experiencing its worst drought in 100 years. (euractiv.com)
  • Upon formation, the country was named the Union of South Africa in English and Unie van Zuid-Afrika in Dutch, reflecting its origin from the unification of four formerly separate British colonies. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the Union of South Africa was created in 1910, it was a bilingual state, and thus both English-speaking and Afrikaans-speaking schools were established for white Europeans. (britannica.com)
  • The defeat of the Boers in 1902 led in 1910 to the Union of South Africa, composed of four provinces, the two former republics, and the old Cape and Natal colonies. (infoplease.com)
  • Graca Machel, the widow of former South African President Nelson Mandela, will address graduates at Morgan State University's commencement on Saturday. (baltimoresun.com)
  • The African National Congress (ANC), the principal antiapartheid organization, was banned that year, and in 1964 its leader, Nelson Mandela, was sentenced to life imprisonment. (infoplease.com)
  • The international community as well as most South African leaders, including Nelson Mandela and Desmond Tutu, have condemned Mbeki's stance. (infoplease.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) South Africa began its collaboration with South African non-governmental and community-based organizations in 1989 to address the country's growing HIV issues. (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) began working in South Africa in 1989 and established an office in 1995, assisting non-governmental and community-based organizations to address HIV. (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued a Level 4 Travel Health Notice for South Africa due to COVID-19. (state.gov)
  • The name "South Africa" is derived from the country's geographic location at the southern tip of Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Bank's strategy in South Africa reflects the country's development priorities and its unique leadership position at sub-regional and continental levels. (worldbank.org)
  • South Africa's president tells Foreign Policy about his plans to tackle corruption, redistribute land, and restore the country's moral leadership. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • South Africa's president weathered scandal after scandal while driving his country's economy and reputation into the ground. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • South Africa declared itself a republic in 1961 and severed its ties with the Commonwealth, which strongly objected to the country's racist policies. (infoplease.com)
  • South Africa struggles to meet the country's electricity demand. (zdnet.com)
  • Tutu is lauded as a national icon in South Africa for his vocal opposition of the country's white-minority rule in the 1980s. (voanews.com)
  • 3 December - UNICEF welcomes the momentous and historic decision by the Government of South Africa to greatly expand access to ART towards universal access for the country's positive women and children as well as prevent new infections amongst children. (unicef.org)
  • Last week fracking finally received official attention from South Africa's legislature during a debate that revealed how the country's different political parties gauge the benefits and risks linked to the drilling technique. (theecologist.org)
  • In Fiscal Year (FY) 2017, CDC South Africa supported a total of 229,131 safe, male circumcisions - well over half of the male circumcisions performed in South Africa during the same period. (cdc.gov)
  • CDC South Africa supported prevention activities reached 169,424 people classified as KPs in FY 2017. (cdc.gov)
  • In the districts supported by CDC South Africa implementing partners in FY 2017, 96% of TB patients were tested for HIV, of whom 63% were HIV co-infected. (cdc.gov)
  • As of 2017, an estimated 85% of people living with HIV in South Africa knew their status, of whom 71% were receiving ART. (cdc.gov)
  • HRSC completed the fifth of these surveys in 2017, providing critical, updated data on the number of new infections, people living with HIV, and HIV-positive individuals on treatment, for use by the South African government, PEPFAR, and civil society. (cdc.gov)
  • After more than three decades of absence, Morocco returned to the African Union (AU) in 2017. (benzinga.com)
  • Doctors are working hard for a "turnaround" in the condition of 95-year-old Mandela, who was admitted to a hospital in June with what officials said was a recurring lung infection, the office of South African President Jacob Zuma said in a statement. (yahoo.com)
  • Zuma urged South Africans to pray for Mandela and to keep him in their thoughts at all times. (yahoo.com)
  • South African President Mandela gave an inaugural address. (c-span.org)
  • It takes nothing away from either last week's Mandela-Buthelezi accord or the de Klerk initiative to observe that an even harder part now begins in South Africa. (washingtonpost.com)
  • South Africa's Sunday Times said deputy President Kgalema Motlanthe had canceled a scheduled visit on Friday to Mandela in Qunu after being told of his condition. (reuters.com)
  • Mandela is a hero to many South Africans and two brief stretches in hospital in the last two years have made front page news. (reuters.com)
  • Mandela is one of 156 South Africans charged with treason for supporting the Freedom Charter, which called for a non-racial democracy and a socialist-based economy. (usatoday.com)
  • African women join in a demonstration in South Africa on Aug. 16, 1962, demanding the release of Mandela. (usatoday.com)
  • South African President P.W. Botha offers to release Mandela if he will renounce violence. (usatoday.com)
  • In 1991, a multiracial forum led by de Klerk and Mandela, the Convention for a Democratic South Africa (CODESA), began working on a new constitution. (infoplease.com)
  • From South Africa's scenic Cape Winelands, the spectacular Garden Route, and world famous Kruger National Park to the desert dunes of Namibia and Botswana's Okavango Delta, the mighty Victoria Falls, the wildlife reserves and parks of East Africa to the pyramids of Egypt. (tripod.com)
  • However, the vast majority of black South Africans were not enfranchised until 1994. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ruling African National Congress (ANC) has been driving the policy agenda since 1994. (worldbank.org)
  • In 1994, CDC South Africa strengthened its support and began working with the government of South Africa to develop national HIV clinical, ethical, and research guidelines along with HIV and TB service delivery programs. (cdc.gov)
  • the first program was in a 1994, South African President Inauguration . (c-span.org)
  • It provided no other details of the health of South Africa's first black president, who came to power after historic all-race elections in 1994. (reuters.com)
  • From 1910 to 1994, South Africa had four provinces: the Transvaal and Orange Free State, Natal and the Cape. (familysearch.org)
  • During what Mthembu calls "the old government" - the brutal, white-minority regime that was ousted by South Africa's first all-races election in 1994 - she had to walk half a mile to get clean water from a standpipe. (motherjones.com)
  • The decision to replace the Scorpions with a new organisation (The Hawks) came from a resolution taken by the ruling African National Congress (ANC) at the 52nd National Conference of the African National Congress in 2007 in Polokwane , Limpopo. (wikipedia.org)
  • The newly elected leader of the African National Congress is being treated like a messiah. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • The former president of South Africa is accused of taking part in systematic looting of state resources by wealthy allies and African National Congress leaders. (nytimes.com)
  • Organized political activity among Africans started with the establishment of the African National Congress in 1912. (infoplease.com)
  • Others are harassed and subjected to intimidation campaigns if they try to cover certain subjects involving the ruling African National Congress (ANC), government finances, the redistribution of land to the black population or corruption. (rsf.org)
  • As expected, on April 15, 2004, the African National Congress won South Africa's general election in a landslide, taking about 70% of the vote, and Thabo Mbeki was sworn in for a second term. (infoplease.com)
  • Under pressure from leaders the African National Congress (ANC), Mbeki announced he would step down just days after Zuma was cleared. (infoplease.com)
  • The African National Congress, led by President Cyril Ramaphosa, had 57 percent of the vote in Wednesday's election after 95 percent of votes were counted. (pbs.org)
  • In our news wrap Wednesday, elections were held in South Africa, where the ruling African National Congress faced strong challenges after 25 years in power. (pbs.org)
  • In South Africa, voters will go to the polls Wednesday in an election that could present the strongest challenge to date for the ruling African National Congress. (pbs.org)
  • It will also revive uncertainty in the sector, which only in December saw an end to longstanding concerns about possible nationalisation when the ruling African National Congress rejected such a move. (news.com.au)
  • Soft Vengeance" tells the story of Albie Sachs, a retired judge of the Constitutional Court of South Africa. (courant.com)
  • What You Need to Know About the World's Worst-Ever Listeria Outbreak It's infected 1,000 people and killed 180 so far in Africa. (nymag.com)
  • This blind spot over evolution is especially remarkable because South Africa is one of the world's richest sources of hominid fossils. (newscientist.com)
  • The peaceful transition of South Africa from one of the world's most repressive societies into a democracy is one of the 20th century's most remarkable success stories. (infoplease.com)
  • Greece need to beat Argentina and hope Nigeria beat or hold South Korea in Durban to qualify for the last 16. (bbc.co.uk)
  • One bodily function may soon bring a windfall for residents of Durban, South Africa as their city council mulls over a plan to encourage waterless waste management -- by paying folks for their pee. (treehugger.com)
  • In 2016, UNHCR estimated that up to 10,000 people were stateless in South Africa. (unhcr.org)
  • Wikipedia contributors, "South Africa," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Africa , accessed 21 April 2016. (familysearch.org)
  • Here's the exact lowdown from Group A - France and South Africa meet in Bloemfontein, knowing a win will not be enough for either of them if Mexico and Uruguay draw their match in Rustenburg. (bbc.co.uk)
  • A statue of the former South African president overlooks Bloemfontein, South Africa. (usatoday.com)
  • It falls on Sunday, April 4, 2021 and most businesses follow regular Sunday opening hours in South Africa. (timeanddate.com)
  • Poachers have hunted South Africa's rhinos nearly to extinction-but conservationists have a bold new plan to evacuate the animals to safer ground. (thedailybeast.com)
  • There are nearly 25,000 rhinos left in Africa, and more than 80 percent of them live in South Africa. (thedailybeast.com)
  • While countries like South Africa still allow regulated trophy hunting of rhinos, Botwswana outlawed the practice this year . (thedailybeast.com)
  • In South Africa's Kruger National Park, home to the largest population of rhinos in the world, the animal's existence is increasingly fraught. (thedailybeast.com)
  • It's been just a little over two weeks since the new year began, but it's already shaping up to be another deadly year for South Africa's imperiled rhinos. (treehugger.com)
  • Rhinos should be conserved in Africa - not moved to Australia! (theecologist.org)
  • A $4m plan to move 80 rhinos from South Africa to Australia is inept, patronising, a waste of scarce resources that contributes nothing to conservation, and betrays an outdated neocolonial mindset, writes Matt Hayward. (theecologist.org)
  • The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European (White South Africans), Asian (Indian South Africans), and Multiracial (Coloured South Africans) ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coca-Cola is selling its interests to black South Africans in a bold initiative to enlarge multiracial participation in the economy. (latimes.com)
  • Apartheid's grip on South Africa began to give way when F. W. de Klerk replaced P. W. Botha as president in 1989. (infoplease.com)
  • The announcement is the latest effort to respond to anti-immigrant violence in South Africa that has consumed leaders and citizens of the continent's two largest economies. (nytimes.com)
  • South Africa, on the continent's southern tip, is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west and by the Indian Ocean on the south and east. (infoplease.com)
  • It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World, and the most populous country located entirely south of the equator. (wikipedia.org)
  • The country is one of the few in Africa never to have had a coup d'état, and regular elections have been held for almost a century. (wikipedia.org)
  • South Africa is a developing country and ranks at 114th on the Human Development Index, the seventh-highest in Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been classified by the World Bank as a newly industrialised country, with the second-largest economy in Africa, and the 33rd-largest in the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • South African artist Ayanda Mabulu's first U.S. museum exhibition, indeed his first exhibition anywhere in the country, is currently on view at the DuSable Museum of African American History. (chicagotribune.com)
  • A tiny country nestled into the top of South Africa, Botswana's anti-poaching efforts have been amazingly successful. (thedailybeast.com)
  • The latest country to explore implementing an American-style fair use is, as we reported last year, South Africa . (techdirt.com)
  • IF PASSING laws could make a country rich, South Africa would be booming. (economist.com)
  • South Africa has also granted four of those homelands a locally designated independence, thereby removing up to 3.5 million people as citizens of the mother country. (csmonitor.com)
  • With 21 million Africans thus removed, however cynically, the 4.7 million white South Africans would at last become the unques-tionably dominant force in the country. (csmonitor.com)
  • South Africa, the country with the highest number of HIV-positive people in the world (6.5 million in 2005), has been hampered in fighting the epidemic by its president's highly controversial views. (infoplease.com)
  • South Africa is a country in Africa bordered by Namibia , Botswana , Zimbabwe , Mozambique , eSwatini , and Lesotho . (familysearch.org)
  • South Africa is a country with many sides. (oxfam.org)
  • Although it is now considered a middle income country, the lived experiences of ordinary South Africans differ greatly with a large proportion of the urban and rural populations facing many challenges. (oxfam.org)
  • Oxfam in South Africa envisions an equal and just society, without discrimination, for all women, men and children who live in the country. (oxfam.org)
  • South Africa's poultry industry says it is on the brink of collapse due to hotly-denied accusations that the European Union is dumping cheap chicken in the country in a dispute over free trade. (euractiv.com)
  • Should you have occasion to visit South Africa, please do contact us as it would be wonderful to welcome you to our country and perhaps one of our events. (ferrari.com)
  • Located at the southern tip of Africa, South Africa is a country rich in natural resources and culture. (credit-suisse.com)
  • Credit Suisse brings superior innovation, experience and capabilities to each of our clients, both in South Africa and for our international clients looking to expand their interests in the country, and indeed elsewhere in Africa. (credit-suisse.com)
  • A brief overview of the current HIV/AIDS situation in South Africa, explanation of several programs that have been initiated by international organizations to aid the country, and an explanation of the impact globalization has had on the awareness of this disease, and how the organizations are using this effect to their advantage. (bookrags.com)
  • 45 percent of online shoppers are in Gauteng, one of South Africa's nine provinces. (export.gov)
  • The southernmost point of Africa is Cape Agulhas, located in the Western Cape Province about 100 mi (161 km) southeast of the Cape of Good Hope. (infoplease.com)
  • The strike at the General Motors plant in Port Elizabeth, South Africa, has been suppressed with the help of police guard dogs and whips and what appears to be the quiet indifference of management both in Detroit and at the South African subsidiary. (latimes.com)
  • A new, potentially more infectious variant of the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19 has been found in Britain in cases linked to South Africa, British Health Secretary Matt Hancock said on Wednesday (23 December). (euractiv.com)
  • The Hawks are South Africa's Directorate for Priority Crime Investigation (DPCI) which targets organized crime , economic crime , corruption , and other serious crime referred to it by the President or the South African Police Service (SAPS) [1] set up by the Zuma administration in 2008. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gordhan was investigated for his possible role in setting up and running a "rogue" investigatory unit whilst he was head of the South African Revenue Service [15] (SARS) shortly after Zuma was compelled to appoint him Finance Minister following public outrage at the firing of the former minister of Finance Nhlanhla Nene . (wikipedia.org)
  • In Dec. 2007, African National Committee delegates chose Jacob Zuma as their leader, ousting Mbeki, who had been in control of the party for the last ten years. (infoplease.com)
  • SOUTH African President Jacob Zuma says mining taxes will be reviewed in a move likely to renew uncertainty in the key sector hit by wildcat strikes and nationalisation threats. (news.com.au)
  • Zuma's announcement is the first clear indication that royalties are up for review in the mining sector - the bedrock on which Africa's wealthiest economy was built. (news.com.au)
  • The wonderful story of the RAF pilot photographed in mid-haircut inspired Twitter follower @saileshkrish to forward this March 5 story from the Guardian about the extraordinary life of the South African cricketer Bob Crisp, whose wartime heroics were (if possible) nothing close to the most amazing chapters of his life. (thedailybeast.com)
  • Goal 2: South Africa accedes to the 1954 and 1961 Statelessness Conventions. (unhcr.org)
  • Our first office opened in South Africa in 1954 by Jack Zunz and Michael Lewis. (arup.com)
  • A spokesman for General Motors could say only that negotiations are proceeding to sell the South African interests to local investors headed by GM management--a management, incidentally, that includes no blacks or persons of mixed race. (latimes.com)
  • If the United States is to apply economic sanctions and other commercial prohibitions on South Africa because of that nation's oppression of its blacks, should we be consistent and demand strict economic sanctions against the Soviet Union because it, too, like South Africa, practices oppression and cruelty? (latimes.com)
  • Why is Soviet mistreatment of the blacks in Afghanistan, the whites in East Germany and the Jews in Russia more acceptable than the repressions in South Africa? (latimes.com)
  • Now its government is attempting to eliminate additional blacks with a claim on South Africa by giving nearly 1 million to neighboring Swaziland. (csmonitor.com)
  • The proposals also tempt King Sobhuza into breaking with the Organization of African Unity, which is opposed to any actions which bolster and lend credence to separate development, and which deny full rights to blacks in their own nation. (csmonitor.com)
  • Most blacks suspect his motives, and right-wing Afrikaaners despise the very idea of a democratic South Africa. (newint.org)
  • Fox News host Tucker Carlson said Friday he's shocked his segments on a South African land reform policy should be considered an appeal to white nationalists. (chicagotribune.com)
  • News about South Africa, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. (nytimes.com)
  • Trump Echoes Neo-Nazi Propaganda About South Africa (That He Heard on Fox News) Data show there is no "large scale" killing of white farmers in South Africa. (nymag.com)
  • News on South Africa continually updated from thousands of sources around the net. (topix.com)
  • The Pandemic and the South African Public Service: An opportunity to eat or to feed? (sayas.org.za)
  • Transformation within South African universities is hampered by more than just historical practices, but by many factors currently at play, either hindering or helping individuals' progress on the academic career path. (sayas.org.za)
  • Boosting growth and job creation, thus reducing extremely high unemployment and inequality, and promoting social transformation remain South Africa's key challenges. (imf.org)
  • So nothing would be lost and the ultimate goal of separate development, the transformation of 21 million black South Africans into statutory foreigners, would be assisted. (csmonitor.com)
  • Across the globe - from China to Eastern Europe, sub-Saharan Africa to South America - cash-strapped local and national governments are selling off state-owned water operations, making privatization an estimated $200-billion-a-year business worldwide. (motherjones.com)
  • An economic partnership agreement between the EU, Namibia, Botswana, Swaziland, South Africa and Lesotho entered into force yesterday (10 October), but its impact on the region's development remains controversial. (euractiv.com)
  • President Trump's promotion of a white-nationalist conspiracy theory involving South Africa prompted fierce backlash there Thursday and fresh criticism in the United States that he is compromising American foreign policy to stoke his far-right political base. (courant.com)
  • African languages which include Zula, Xhosa, Sotha and Tswana English and Afrikaans. (newint.org)
  • UNICEF estimates that there are 3.7 million orphaned children in South Africa and according to the South Africa's Department of Social Development, over 2000 children are abandoned yearly. (unhcr.org)
  • In the first week of December 2009 eighteen young people from three of South Africa's provinces took part in a photography workshop with renowned UNICEF photographer, Giacomo Pirozzi. (unicef.org)
  • A strong economic growth rate positions South Africa as one of the key emerging markets, with real GDP growth predicted to increase to 4.2 percent in 2013 (OECD, May 2012). (credit-suisse.com)
  • A body lies sprawled in street in Sharpeville, South Africa, on March 21, 1960. (usatoday.com)
  • By these practices, South Africa deepens its isolation and its shame. (washingtonpost.com)
  • With their repeal, South Africa's systemic racial practices lose the force of law. (washingtonpost.com)
  • What the peasants call "the river" is no more than a puddle, really, a shallow accumulation of muddy brown water in Embabe village on the outskirts of Empangeni in South Africa's KwaZulu-Natal province. (motherjones.com)
  • By Kobey Wesley Smith Bloomfield, Connecticut CREC Metropolitan Learning Center for Global and International Studies Two years ago, my history teacher was talking to me about the life-changing experience that she was able to have while chaperoning a school trip to South Africa. (courant.com)
  • Internal cable cites report that farm murders in South Africa are at their lowest level in 19 years. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • But principles, not details, are at stake, and the silence of GM on those principles, after its years of leadership on racial equality in South Africa, is cause for concern. (latimes.com)
  • Soon in South Africa, two worlds that have lived apart for nearly 50 years must come together to build a new democratic order based on educational, economic and social models that take into account the enormous legacy of disparities and inequality willed upon the new South Africa by institutional racism. (washingtonpost.com)
  • For the past 70 years, researchers in South Africa have been at the forefront of palaeoanthropology - the study of human evolution. (newscientist.com)
  • South Africa is only now beginning to emerge from the worst cholera outbreak in its history, a plague of almost epic proportions that began two years ago, just weeks after local authorities began shutting off water service to residents who were late on their bills. (motherjones.com)
  • A trade deal with six developing African countries was agreed yesterday (14 September) by the European Parliament - some nine years behind schedule. (euractiv.com)
  • Eight years ago the first exploration applications for unconventional gas extraction were submitted in South Africa. (theecologist.org)
  • At the same time, she's building social infrastructure for the surrounding community, which happens to be one of the poorest in South Africa despite the region's vast mineral wealth. (france24.com)
  • 27 June, 2009… Following the official closing ceremony at Rome City Hall and a tour and viewing of ancient artefacts and statuary at the Museum of Rome, the four young South African delegates to the J8 Summit were today received at the SA Embassy. (unicef.org)
  • Almost entirely unknown to the outside world, and even to most local residents, hundreds of square kilometres of South Africa's Karoo dryland have been bought up by uranium mining companies, writes Dr Stefan Cramer. (theecologist.org)
  • From this experience I realized that South Africa needs a stronger economy, better health care, and improved infrastructure. (courant.com)
  • Poachers in South Africa have already killed 193 of the animals in the first six months of this year alone -- that's according to conservation group WWF. (treehugger.com)
  • The South Africa Act of 1909 left the control of primary and secondary education with the provinces, while reserving higher education to the union government. (britannica.com)
  • 16 June 2009…In South Africa's Western and Northern Cape and Free State provinces, 4 South African students are busy preparing for more than their annual winter exams. (unicef.org)
  • Working with South Africa, CDC has strategically focused support on HIV prevention and treatment programs, and system strengthening. (cdc.gov)
  • The South Africans are thinking strategically as well as numerically. (csmonitor.com)
  • Fujitsu has operations across Europe, the Middle East, India and Africa with more than 25,000 employees across the region. (fujitsu.com)
  • The Group Areas Acts of 1950 and 1986 forced about 1.5 million Africans to move from cities to rural townships, where they lived in abject poverty under repressive laws. (infoplease.com)
  • Participants in this Interim not only read and study South African history, culture, and industrial change - they also visit South African townships, meet with leaders engaged with South Africa's political changes, and visit a platinum mine. (calvin.edu)
  • The Swiss Business Hub Southern Africa implements Swiss export strategies in the Sub-Saharan Africa region and promotes Switzerland as a business location. (admin.ch)