A type of non-ionizing radiation in which energy is transmitted through solid, liquid, or gas as compression waves. Sound (acoustic or sonic) radiation with frequencies above the audible range is classified as ultrasonic. Sound radiation below the audible range is classified as infrasonic.
Ability to determine the specific location of a sound source.
The sounds heard over the cardiac region produced by the functioning of the heart. There are four distinct sounds: the first occurs at the beginning of SYSTOLE and is heard as a "lubb" sound; the second is produced by the closing of the AORTIC VALVE and PULMONARY VALVE and is heard as a "dupp" sound; the third is produced by vibrations of the ventricular walls when suddenly distended by the rush of blood from the HEART ATRIA; and the fourth is produced by atrial contraction and ventricular filling.
The graphic registration of the frequency and intensity of sounds, such as speech, infant crying, and animal vocalizations.
Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.
The process whereby auditory stimuli are selected, organized, and interpreted by the organism.
The branch of physics that deals with sound and sound waves. In medicine it is often applied in procedures in speech and hearing studies. With regard to the environment, it refers to the characteristics of a room, auditorium, theatre, building, etc. that determines the audibility or fidelity of sounds in it. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
NEURAL PATHWAYS and connections within the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, beginning at the hair cells of the ORGAN OF CORTI, continuing along the eighth cranial nerve, and terminating at the AUDITORY CORTEX.
The ability or act of sensing and transducing ACOUSTIC STIMULATION to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. It is also called audition.
The region of the cerebral cortex that receives the auditory radiation from the MEDIAL GENICULATE BODY.
Any sound which is unwanted or interferes with HEARING other sounds.
The electric response evoked in the CEREBRAL CORTEX by ACOUSTIC STIMULATION or stimulation of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS.
The science pertaining to the interrelationship of psychologic phenomena and the individual's response to the physical properties of sound.
Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
The audibility limit of discriminating sound intensity and pitch.
Act of listening for sounds within the heart.
Act of listening for sounds within the body.
Sounds used in animal communication.
Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.
Graphic registration of the heart sounds picked up as vibrations and transformed by a piezoelectric crystal microphone into a varying electrical output according to the stresses imposed by the sound waves. The electrical output is amplified by a stethograph amplifier and recorded by a device incorporated into the electrocardiograph or by a multichannel recording machine.
Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.
The posterior pair of the quadrigeminal bodies which contain centers for auditory function.
The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).
The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A dimension of auditory sensation varying with cycles per second of the sound stimulus.
An auditory orientation mechanism involving the emission of high frequency sounds which are reflected back to the emitter (animal).
Thin-walled sacs or spaces which function as a part of the respiratory system in birds, fishes, insects, and mammals.
The perceived attribute of a sound which corresponds to the physical attribute of intensity.
The cochlear part of the 8th cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE). The cochlear nerve fibers originate from neurons of the SPIRAL GANGLION and project peripherally to cochlear hair cells and centrally to the cochlear nuclei (COCHLEAR NUCLEUS) of the BRAIN STEM. They mediate the sense of hearing.
The analysis of a critical number of sensory stimuli or facts (the pattern) by physiological processes such as vision (PATTERN RECOGNITION, VISUAL), touch, or hearing.
Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.
An oval semitransparent membrane separating the external EAR CANAL from the tympanic cavity (EAR, MIDDLE). It contains three layers: the skin of the external ear canal; the core of radially and circularly arranged collagen fibers; and the MUCOSA of the middle ear.
The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.
The ability to differentiate tones.
Electrical waves in the CEREBRAL CORTEX generated by BRAIN STEM structures in response to auditory click stimuli. These are found to be abnormal in many patients with CEREBELLOPONTINE ANGLE lesions, MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, or other DEMYELINATING DISEASES.
The part of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) that is concerned with hearing. It forms the anterior part of the labyrinth, as a snail-like structure that is situated almost horizontally anterior to the VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH.
Instruments intended to detect and study sound produced by the heart, lungs, or other parts of the body. (from UMDNS, 1999)
A nonspecific symptom of hearing disorder characterized by the sensation of buzzing, ringing, clicking, pulsations, and other noises in the ear. Objective tinnitus refers to noises generated from within the ear or adjacent structures that can be heard by other individuals. The term subjective tinnitus is used when the sound is audible only to the affected individual. Tinnitus may occur as a manifestation of COCHLEAR DISEASES; VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE DISEASES; INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; and other conditions.
An order of BIRDS with the common name owls characterized by strongly hooked beaks, sharp talons, large heads, forward facing eyes, and facial disks. While considered nocturnal RAPTORS, some owls do hunt by day.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
Order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight. It includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.
Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.
The narrow passage way that conducts the sound collected by the EAR AURICLE to the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE.
The shell-like structure projects like a little wing (pinna) from the side of the head. Ear auricles collect sound from the environment.
Hearing loss due to exposure to explosive loud noise or chronic exposure to sound level greater than 85 dB. The hearing loss is often in the frequency range 4000-6000 hertz.
The acoustic aspects of speech in terms of frequency, intensity, and time.
A part of the MEDULLA OBLONGATA situated in the olivary body. It is involved with motor control and is a major source of sensory input to the CEREBELLUM.
A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The interference of one perceptual stimulus with another causing a decrease or lessening in perceptual effectiveness.
Transmission of sound waves through vibration of bones in the SKULL to the inner ear (COCHLEA). By using bone conduction stimulation and by bypassing any OUTER EAR or MIDDLE EAR abnormalities, hearing thresholds of the cochlea can be determined. Bone conduction hearing differs from normal hearing which is based on air conduction stimulation via the EAR CANAL and the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE.
The testing of the acuity of the sense of hearing to determine the thresholds of the lowest intensity levels at which an individual can hear a set of tones. The frequencies between 125 and 8000 Hz are used to test air conduction thresholds and the frequencies between 250 and 4000 Hz are used to test bone conduction thresholds.
Acquired or developmental cognitive disorders of AUDITORY PERCEPTION characterized by a reduced ability to perceive information contained in auditory stimuli despite intact auditory pathways. Affected individuals have difficulty with speech perception, sound localization, and comprehending the meaning of inflections of speech.
Noise present in occupational, industrial, and factory situations.
Heart sounds caused by vibrations resulting from the flow of blood through the heart. Heart murmurs can be examined by HEART AUSCULTATION, and analyzed by their intensity (6 grades), duration, timing (systolic, diastolic, or continuous), location, transmission, and quality (musical, vibratory, blowing, etc).
The family Gryllidae consists of the common house cricket, Acheta domesticus, which is used in neurological and physiological studies. Other genera include Gryllotalpa (mole cricket); Gryllus (field cricket); and Oecanthus (tree cricket).
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.
One of the three ossicles of the middle ear. It transmits sound vibrations from the INCUS to the internal ear (Ear, Internal see LABYRINTH).
Disorders of the quality of speech characterized by the substitution, omission, distortion, and addition of phonemes.
A basement membrane in the cochlea that supports the hair cells of the ORGAN OF CORTI, consisting keratin-like fibrils. It stretches from the SPIRAL LAMINA to the basilar crest. The movement of fluid in the cochlea, induced by sound, causes displacement of the basilar membrane and subsequent stimulation of the attached hair cells which transform the mechanical signal into neural activity.
The ability to estimate periods of time lapsed or duration of time.
Psychophysical technique that permits the estimation of the bias of the observer as well as detectability of the signal (i.e., stimulus) in any sensory modality. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
The graphic recording of chest wall movement due to cardiac impulses.
A subfield of acoustics dealing in the radio frequency range higher than acoustic SOUND waves (approximately above 20 kilohertz). Ultrasonic radiation is used therapeutically (DIATHERMY and ULTRASONIC THERAPY) to generate HEAT and to selectively destroy tissues. It is also used in diagnostics, for example, ULTRASONOGRAPHY; ECHOENCEPHALOGRAPHY; and ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, to visually display echoes received from irradiated tissues.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
An abnormally disproportionate increase in the sensation of loudness in response to auditory stimuli of normal volume. COCHLEAR DISEASES; VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE DISEASES; FACIAL NERVE DISEASES; STAPES SURGERY; and other disorders may be associated with this condition.
Measurement of hearing based on the use of pure tones of various frequencies and intensities as auditory stimuli.
The measurement of magnetic fields over the head generated by electric currents in the brain. As in any electrical conductor, electric fields in the brain are accompanied by orthogonal magnetic fields. The measurement of these fields provides information about the localization of brain activity which is complementary to that provided by ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY. Magnetoencephalography may be used alone or together with electroencephalography, for measurement of spontaneous or evoked activity, and for research or clinical purposes.
Electronic hearing devices typically used for patients with normal outer and middle ear function, but defective inner ear function. In the COCHLEA, the hair cells (HAIR CELLS, VESTIBULAR) may be absent or damaged but there are residual nerve fibers. The device electrically stimulates the COCHLEAR NERVE to create sound sensation.
Sensory cells in the organ of Corti, characterized by their apical stereocilia (hair-like projections). The inner and outer hair cells, as defined by their proximity to the core of spongy bone (the modiolus), change morphologically along the COCHLEA. Towards the cochlear apex, the length of hair cell bodies and their apical STEREOCILIA increase, allowing differential responses to various frequencies of sound.
Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.
The misinterpretation of a real external, sensory experience.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Hearing loss due to disease of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS (in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM) which originate in the COCHLEAR NUCLEI of the PONS and then ascend bilaterally to the MIDBRAIN, the THALAMUS, and then the AUDITORY CORTEX in the TEMPORAL LOBE. Bilateral lesions of the auditory pathways are usually required to cause central hearing loss. Cortical deafness refers to loss of hearing due to bilateral auditory cortex lesions. Unilateral BRAIN STEM lesions involving the cochlear nuclei may result in unilateral hearing loss.
A genus of the family Chinchillidae which consists of three species: C. brevicaudata, C. lanigera, and C. villidera. They are used extensively in biomedical research.
The sounds produced by humans by the passage of air through the LARYNX and over the VOCAL CORDS, and then modified by the resonance organs, the NASOPHARYNX, and the MOUTH.
Measurement of parameters of the speech product such as vocal tone, loudness, pitch, voice quality, articulation, resonance, phonation, phonetic structure and prosody.
A general term for the complete loss of the ability to hear from both ears.
The process of producing vocal sounds by means of VOCAL CORDS vibrating in an expiratory blast of air.
Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.
Part of an ear examination that measures the ability of sound to reach the brain.
Differential response to different stimuli.
The electric response of the cochlear hair cells to acoustic stimulation.
The most diversified of all fish orders and the largest vertebrate order. It includes many of the commonly known fish such as porgies, croakers, sunfishes, dolphin fish, mackerels, TUNA, etc.
Self-generated faint acoustic signals from the inner ear (COCHLEA) without external stimulation. These faint signals can be recorded in the EAR CANAL and are indications of active OUTER AUDITORY HAIR CELLS. Spontaneous otoacoustic emissions are found in all classes of land vertebrates.
The space and structures directly internal to the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE and external to the inner ear (LABYRINTH). Its major components include the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE that connects the cavity of middle ear (tympanic cavity) to the upper part of the throat.
Mammals of the families Delphinidae (ocean dolphins), Iniidae, Lipotidae, Pontoporiidae, and Platanistidae (all river dolphins). Among the most well-known species are the BOTTLE-NOSED DOLPHIN and the KILLER WHALE (a dolphin). The common name dolphin is applied to small cetaceans having a beaklike snout and a slender, streamlined body, whereas PORPOISES are small cetaceans with a blunt snout and rather stocky body. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp978-9)
Electronic devices that increase the magnitude of a signal's power level or current.
Tests of accuracy in pronouncing speech sounds, e.g., Iowa Pressure Articulation Test, Deep Test of Articulation, Templin-Darley Tests of Articulation, Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation, Screening Speech Articulation Test, Arizona Articulation Proficiency Scale.
Noise associated with transportation, particularly aircraft and automobiles.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
Auditory sensory cells of organ of Corti, usually placed in one row medially to the core of spongy bone (the modiolus). Inner hair cells are in fewer numbers than the OUTER AUDITORY HAIR CELLS, and their STEREOCILIA are approximately twice as thick as those of the outer hair cells.
An order of insects comprising two suborders: Caelifera and Ensifera. They consist of GRASSHOPPERS, locusts, and crickets (GRYLLIDAE).
A general term for the complete or partial loss of the ability to hear from one or both ears.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A subfamily of the Muridae consisting of several genera including Gerbillus, Rhombomys, Tatera, Meriones, and Psammomys.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
Hearing loss due to interference with the mechanical reception or amplification of sound to the COCHLEA. The interference is in the outer or middle ear involving the EAR CANAL; TYMPANIC MEMBRANE; or EAR OSSICLES.
A mobile chain of three small bones (INCUS; MALLEUS; STAPES) in the TYMPANIC CAVITY between the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE and the oval window on the wall of INNER EAR. Sound waves are converted to vibration by the tympanic membrane then transmitted via these ear ossicles to the inner ear.
The outer part of the hearing system of the body. It includes the shell-like EAR AURICLE which collects sound, and the EXTERNAL EAR CANAL, the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE, and the EXTERNAL EAR CARTILAGES.
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
Any device or element which converts an input signal into an output signal of a different form. Examples include the microphone, phonographic pickup, loudspeaker, barometer, photoelectric cell, automobile horn, doorbell, and underwater sound transducer. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Wearable sound-amplifying devices that are intended to compensate for impaired hearing. These generic devices include air-conduction hearing aids and bone-conduction hearing aids. (UMDNS, 1999)

Coding of sound envelopes by inhibitory rebound in neurons of the superior olivary complex in the unanesthetized rabbit. (1/910)

Most natural sounds (e.g., speech) are complex and have amplitude envelopes that fluctuate rapidly. A number of studies have examined the neural coding of envelopes, but little attention has been paid to the superior olivary complex (SOC), a constellation of nuclei that receive information from the cochlear nucleus. We studied two classes of predominantly monaural neurons: those that displayed a sustained response to tone bursts and those that gave only a response to the tone offset. Our results demonstrate that the off neurons in the SOC can encode the pattern of amplitude-modulated sounds with high synchrony that is superior to sustained neurons. The upper cutoff frequency and highest modulation frequency at which significant synchrony was present were, on average, slightly higher for off neurons compared with sustained neurons. Finally, most sustained and off neurons encoded the level of pure tones over a wider range of intensities than those reported for auditory nerve fibers and cochlear nucleus neurons. A traditional view of inhibition is that it attenuates or terminates neural activity. Although this holds true for off neurons, the robust discharge when inhibition is released adds a new dimension. For simple sounds (i.e., pure tones), the off response can code a wide range of sound levels. For complex sounds, the off response becomes entrained to each modulation, resulting in a precise temporal coding of the envelope.  (+info)

Communication signals and sound production mechanisms of mormyrid electric fish. (2/910)

The African weakly electric fishes Pollimyrus isidori and Pollimyrus adspersus (Mormyridae) produce elaborate acoustic displays during social communication in addition to their electric organ discharges (EODs). In this paper, we provide new data on the EODs of these sound-producing mormyrids and on the mechanisms they use to generate species-typical sounds. Although it is known that the EODs are usually species-specific and sexually dimorphic, the EODs of closely related sound-producing mormyrids have not previously been compared. The data presented demonstrate that there is a clear sexual dimorphism in the EOD waveform of P. isidori. Females have a multi-phasic EOD that is more complex than the male's biphasic EOD. In this respect, P. isidori is similar to its more thoroughly studied congener P. adspersus, which has a sexually dimorphic EOD. The new data also reveal that the EODs of these two species are distinct, thus showing for the first time that species-specificity in EODs is characteristic of these fishes, which also generate species-specific courtship sounds. The sound-generating mechanism is based on a drumming muscle coupled to the swimbladder. Transverse sections through decalcified male and female P. adspersus revealed a muscle that envelops the caudal pole of the swimbladder and that is composed of dorso-ventrally oriented fibers. The muscle is five times larger in males (14.5+/-4.4 microl, mean +/- s.d.) than in females (3.2+/-1.8 microl). The fibers are also of significantly larger diameter in males than in females. Males generate courtship sounds and females do not. The function of the swimbladder muscle was tested using behavioral experiments. Male P. adspersus normally produce acoustic courtship displays when presented with female-like electrical stimuli. However, local anesthesia of the swimbladder muscle muted males. In control trials, males continued to produce sounds after injection of either lidocaine in the trunk muscles or saline in the swimbladder muscles.  (+info)

Sensitivity to simulated directional sound motion in the rat primary auditory cortex. (3/910)

Sensitivity to simulated directional sound motion in the rat primary auditory cortex. This paper examines neuron responses in rat primary auditory cortex (AI) during sound stimulation of the two ears designed to simulate sound motion in the horizontal plane. The simulated sound motion was synthesized from mathematical equations that generated dynamic changes in interaural phase, intensity, and Doppler shifts at the two ears. The simulated sounds were based on moving sources in the right frontal horizontal quadrant. Stimuli consisted of three circumferential segments between 0 and 30 degrees, 30 and 60 degrees, and 60 and 90 degrees and four radial segments at 0, 30, 60, and 90 degrees. The constant velocity portion of each segment was 0.84 m long. The circumferential segments and center of the radial segments were calculated to simulate a distance of 2 m from the head. Each segment had two trajectories that simulated motion in both directions, and each trajectory was presented at two velocities. Young adult rats were anesthetized, the left primary auditory cortex was exposed, and microelectrode recordings were obtained from sound responsive cells in AI. All testing took place at a tonal frequency that most closely approximated the best frequency of the unit at a level 20 dB above the tuning curve threshold. The results were presented on polar plots that emphasized the two directions of simulated motion for each segment rather than the location of sound in space. The trajectory exhibiting a "maximum motion response" could be identified from these plots. "Neuron discharge profiles" within these trajectories were used to demonstrate neuron activity for the two motion directions. Cells were identified that clearly responded to simulated uni- or multidirectional sound motion (39%), that were sensitive to sound location only (19%), or that were sound driven but insensitive to our location or sound motion stimuli (42%). The results demonstrated the capacity of neurons in rat auditory cortex to selectively process dynamic stimulus conditions representing simulated motion on the horizontal plane. Our data further show that some cells were responsive to location along the horizontal plane but not sensitive to motion. Cells sensitive to motion, however, also responded best to the moving sound at a particular location within the trajectory. It would seem that the mechanisms underlying sensitivity to sound location as well as direction of motion converge on the same cell.  (+info)

Single-unit responses in the inferior colliculus of decerebrate cats. I. Classification based on frequency response maps. (4/910)

This study proposes a classification system for neurons in the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus (ICC) that is based on excitation and inhibition patterns of single-unit responses in decerebrate cats. The decerebrate preparation allowed extensive characterization of physiological response types without the confounding effects of anesthesia. The tone-driven discharge rates of individual units were measured across a range of frequencies and levels to map excitatory and inhibitory response areas for contralateral monaural stimulation. The resulting frequency response maps can be grouped into the following three populations: type V maps exhibit a wide V-shaped excitatory area and no inhibition; type I maps show a more restricted I-shaped region of excitation that is flanked by inhibition at lower and higher frequencies; and type O maps display an O-shaped island of excitation at low stimulus levels that is bounded by inhibition at higher levels. Units that produce a type V map typically have a low best frequency (BF: the most sensitive frequency), a low rate of spontaneous activity, and monotonic rate-level functions for both BF tones and broadband noise. Type I and type O units have BFs that span the cat's range of audible frequencies and high rates of spontaneous activity. Like type V units, type I units are excited by BF tones and noise at all levels, but their rate-level functions may become nonmonotonic at high levels. Type O units are inhibited by BF tones and noise at high levels. The existence of distinct response types is consistent with a conceptual model in which the unit types receive dominant inputs from different sources and shows that these functionally segregated pathways are specialized to play complementary roles in the processing of auditory information.  (+info)

Conductive hearing loss produces a reversible binaural hearing impairment. (5/910)

Conductive hearing loss, produced by otitis media with effusion, is widespread in young children. However, little is known about its short- or long-term effects on hearing or the brain. To study the consequences of a conductive loss for the perception and processing of sounds, we plugged the left ear canal of ferrets for 7-15 months during either infancy or adulthood. Before or during plugging, the ferrets were trained to perform a binaural task requiring the detection of a 500 Hz tone, positioned 90 degrees to the right, that was masked by two sources of broad-band noise. In one condition ("control"), both noise sources were 90 degrees right and, in the second condition ("bilateral"), one noise source was moved to 90 degrees left. Normal ferrets showed binaural unmasking: tone detection thresholds were lower (mean 10.1 dB) for the bilateral condition than for the control condition. Both groups of ear-plugged ferrets had reduced unmasking; the mean residual unmasking was 2.3 dB for the infant and 0.7 dB for the adult ear-plugged animals. After unplugging, unmasking increased in both groups (infant, 7.1 dB; adult, 6.9 dB) but not to normal levels. Repeated testing during the 22 months after unplugging revealed a gradual return to normal levels of unmasking. These results show that a unilateral conductive hearing loss, in either infancy or adulthood, impairs binaural hearing both during and after the hearing loss. They show scant evidence for adaptation to the plug and demonstrate a recovery from the impairment that occurs over a period of several months after restoration of normal peripheral function.  (+info)

Mosquito hearing: sound-induced antennal vibrations in male and female Aedes aegypti. (6/910)

Male mosquitoes are attracted by the flight sounds of conspecific females. In males only, the antennal flagellum bears a large number of long hairs and is therefore said to be plumose. As early as 1855, it was proposed that this remarkable antennal anatomy served as a sound-receiving structure. In the present study, the sound-induced vibrations of the antennal flagellum in male and female Aedes aegypti were compared, and the functional significance of the flagellar hairs for audition was examined. In both males and females, the antennae are resonantly tuned mechanical systems that move as simple forced damped harmonic oscillators when acoustically stimulated. The best frequency of the female antenna is around 230 Hz; that of the male is around 380 Hz, which corresponds approximately to the fundamental frequency of female flight sounds. The antennal hairs of males are resonantly tuned to frequencies between approximately 2600 and 3100 Hz and are therefore stiffly coupled to, and move together with, the flagellar shaft when stimulated at biologically relevant frequencies around 380 Hz. Because of this stiff coupling, forces acting on the hairs can be transmitted to the shaft and thus to the auditory sensory organ at the base of the flagellum, a process that is proposed to improve acoustic sensitivity. Indeed, the mechanical sensitivity of the male antenna not only exceeds the sensitivity of the female antenna but also those of all other arthropod movement receivers studied so far.  (+info)

Bilateral ablation of auditory cortex in Mongolian gerbil affects discrimination of frequency modulated tones but not of pure tones. (7/910)

This study examines the role of auditory cortex in the Mongolian gerbil in differential conditioning to pure tones and to linearly frequency-modulated (FM) tones by analyzing the effects of bilateral auditory cortex ablation. Learning behavior and performance were studied in a GO/NO-GO task aiming at avoidance of a mild foot shock by crossing a hurdle in a two-way shuttle box. Hurdle crossing as the conditioned response to the reinforced stimulus (CR+), as false alarm in response to the unreinforced stimulus (CR-), intertrial activity, and reaction times were monitored. The analysis revealed no effects of lesion on pure tone discrimination but impairment of FM tone discrimination. In the latter case lesion effects were dependent on timing of lesion relative to FM tone discrimination training. Lesions before training in naive animals led to a reduced CR+ rate and had no effect on CR- rate. Lesions in pretrained animals led to an increased CR- rate without effects on the CR+ rate. The results suggest that auditory cortex plays a more critical role in discrimination of FM tones than in discrimination of pure tones. The different lesion effects on FM tone discrimination before and after training are compatible with both the hypothesis of a purely sensory deficit in FM tone processing and the hypothesis of a differential involvement of auditory cortex in acquisition and retention, respectively.  (+info)

Contractile properties of muscles used in sound production and locomotion in two species of gray tree frog. (8/910)

The sound-producing muscles of frogs and toads are interesting because they have been selected to produce high-power outputs at high frequencies. The two North American species of gray tree frog, Hyla chrysoscelis and Hyla versicolor, are a diploid-tetraploid species pair. They are morphologically identical, but differ in the structure of their advertisement calls. H. chrysoscelis produces very loud pulsed calls by contracting its calling muscles at approximately 40 Hz at 20 degrees C, whereas, H. versicolor operates the homologous muscles at approximately 20 Hz at this temperature. This study examined the matching of the intrinsic contractile properties of the calling muscles to their frequency of use. I measured the isotonic and isometric contractile properties of two calling muscles, the laryngeal dilator, which presumably has a role in modulating call structure, and the external oblique, which is one of the muscles that provides the mechanical power for calling. I also examined the properties of the sartorius as a representative locomotor muscle. The calling muscles differ greatly in twitch kinetics between the two species. The calling muscles of H. chrysoscelis reach peak tension in a twitch after approximately 15 ms, compared with 25 ms for the same muscles in H. versicolor. The muscles also differ significantly in isotonic properties in the direction predicted from their calling frequencies. However, the maximum shortening velocities of the calling muscles of H. versicolor are only slightly lower than those of the comparable muscles of H. chrysoscelis. The calling muscles have similar maximum shortening velocities to the sartorius, but have much flatter force-velocity curves, which may be an adaptation to their role in cyclical power output. I conclude that twitch properties have been modified more by selection than have intrinsic shortening velocities. This difference corresponds to the differing roles of shortening velocity and twitch kinetics in determining power output at differing frequencies.  (+info)

A surface acoustic wave element 11 having an inter digital electrode 12 formed on one surface of a piezo-electric substrate is arranged in a recess of a package 13 with the one surface being faced to a bottom surface of the recess of the package 13. An elastic conductive pad 35 having pads electrically connected to the electrode of the surface acoustic wave element 11 and electrodes of the package 13 is provided between the one surface of the surface acoustic wave element 11 and the package 13. The conductive pad 35 includes wiring means 35a, with which it is possible to connect the surface acoustic wave element 11 to the package 13 even when the position of the surface acoustic wave element in which the interdigital electrode is formed is deviated from the position of the electrodes of the package 13. The package 13 includes a cap 30 for pressing down the surface acoustic wave element 11. The surface acoustic wave element 11 is mounted on the conductive pad 35 in the package 13 with a surface of the
Molecular and Quantum Acoustics vol. 28 (2007) 65 THE INFLUENCE OF LOW FREQUENCY SOUND ON THE CHANGES OF EEG SIGNAL MORPHOLOGY Zbigniew DAMIJAN, Jerzy WICIAK University of Science and Technology - AGH,
TY - CHAP. T1 - Mechanical characterization of tissue mimicking phantoms by broadband surface acoustic waves. AU - Li,Sinan. AU - Qi,Yuns Heng. AU - Wei,Cheng. AU - Huang,Zhihong. AU - Li,Chunhui. AU - Wang,Ruikang PY - 2011. Y1 - 2011. N2 - Surface acoustic waves (SAWs) shows great potential in non-destructive mechanical characterization, it promises a non-invasive method of diagnosis of cirrhosis cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues. This paper explores a rapid way to evaluate the elastic property of soft tissue mimicking phantom by the analysis of SAWs phase velocity. An electromagnetic shaker with a line source was used to generate SAWs by square wave stimulus. A laser-vibrometer with displacement decoding mode was used to detect the SAWs. The phase velocities on agar phantoms were estimated. The result showed that the evaluation of SAWs phase velocity could be served as an accurate and rapid estimation of elasticity properties of soft materials.. AB - Surface acoustic waves (SAWs) shows great ...
Langasite surface acoustic wave devices can be used to implement harsh-environment wireless sensing of gas concentration and temperature. This paper reviews prior work on the development of langasite surface acoustic wave devices, followed by a report of recent progress toward the implementation of oxygen gas sensors. Resistive metal oxide films can be used as the oxygen sensing film, although development of an adherent barrier layer will be necessary with the sensing layers studied here to prevent interaction with the langasite substrate. Experimental results are presented for the performance of a langasite surface acoustic wave oxygen sensor with tin oxide sensing layer, and these experimental results are correlated with direct measurements of the sensing layer resistivity.
A surface acoustic wave device, including: a piezoelectric substrate; an interdigitated transducer electrode disposed on the substrate; an oxide film disposed on surface of the interdigitated transducer electrode; and a hydrophobic film disposed on a surface of the oxide film.
An acoustic wave sensor utilizes one or more acoustic waves trapped in an acoustic wave cavity to detect the presence of one or more substances on a surface of the acoustic wave cavity. To detect the presence of ice, a trapped torsional acoustic wave is used. To detect water, an acoustic wave with flexural or compressional components is used. The sensor includes a number of transducers adjacent the acoustic wave cavity where a controller drives different sets of the transducers to generate different acoustic waves.
high frequency loud ringing in my head! Posted on January 1, 2014 by Timothytrespas High Frequency Loud Ringing Inside of my head. It is there whenever I am at home. At every home I have lived in, and there have been 10 since this high frequency sound inside my head began, I hear it ringing in…
high frequency loud ringing in my head! Posted on January 1, 2014 by Timothytrespas High Frequency Loud Ringing Inside of my head. It is there whenever I am at home. At every home I have lived in, and there have been 10 since this high frequency sound inside my head began, I hear it ringing in…
Acoustic tweezers: manipulating particles, cells, and organisms using standing surface acoustic waves (SSAW) The ability to manipulate cells and microparticles in a biocompatible and dexterous manner is critical for numerous biological studies and applications such as cell-cell communication, biosensing, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine. Here we summarize our recent progress on an acoustic tweezers technique that utilizes standing surface acoustic wave (SSAW) to manipulate particles, cells, and organisms. This technique is capable of manipulating cells and microparticles regardless of shape, size, charge or polarity. Its power intensity, approximately 107 times lower than that of optical tweezers, compares favorably with those of other active patterning methods. Cell viability, proliferation, and apoptosis studies have revealed the technique to be biocompatible. The aforementioned advantages, along with this techniques simple design and ability to be miniaturized, render the ...
The term auditory masking implies that a sound (masker sound) influences the perception of another sound (target sound), so that the focus shifts from the target to the masker sound1. There are two general types of auditory masking; energetic and informational. In energetic masking, the target sound is rendered inaudible or less loud. In informational masking, both sounds are audible but the main focus lays on the masker sound. Masking is a complex phenomenon that depends on several cues for successful implementation, including physical characteristics of sound sources and their relative location in space2. Some scientists suggest that it is not fruitful to use this strategy if the sound pressure level exceeds 65-70 dBA3. If the intention is to achieve tranquil qualities, significantly lower levels than this is required in most cases4,5. A possible exception is when tranquillity is associated with social seclusion, in which case it may be desirable to have higher sound pressure levels in order ...
Sensorineural hearing loss (sometimes called nerve deafness) occurs when the cilia (hair cells) of the inner ear (the cochlea) do not function properly. In an undamaged ear, the pressure from sound waves goes into your pinna (the outer ear, the part you can see), makes the eardrum move back and forth, is passed along the small bones of the middle ear (the smallest bones in your body!), and then transfers to the middle ear, where those sound waves cause actual waves in the fluid-filled cochlea. The waves of fluid cause the hair cells to move. This sets off a beautiful chemical chain reaction, which ultimately causes stimulation of the auditory nerve (cranial nerve VIII), which sends the sensation of sound to the brain. The hair cells in the cochlea are tonotopically arranged, meaning that each region corresponds to different tones, going from high frequency sounds at the basal end to low frequency sounds at the apex of the cochlea, which looks like a snail shell. Think of a piano keyboard ...
The thesis that sounds are sound waves is also often motivated by the argument from vacuums. Surely, it is argued, sounds cannot exist in a vacuum. As Hylas says in Berkeleys Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous, a bell struck in the exhausted receiver of an air-pump, sends forth no sound. The air therefore must be thought the subject of sound (1713: 171-2). But is the claim that there are no sounds in vacuums really obvious? On pain of question begging, it cannot be made to follow from any particular metaphysics of sounds. In order to assess it on its own merits, consider once more the analogy between, on the one hand, sounds and air, and, on the other hand, emission events at light sources and light. Air is the medium of auditory perception, and light is the medium of visual perception. The reasoning now is that just as things can sensibly be taken to have colors in the dark, they can sensibly be taken to produce sounds in a vacuum.. In the above arguments an important role is played ...
Nasal sounds By Yasmina El Bakouri & Araceli Gómez Lets practise! Frequent problems /m/ Bilabial /n/ alveolar velar Exercise D Exercise B Exercise C Exercise A /m/ (bilabial) (velar) /n/ (alveolar) Highlights of theory... This sound is made by closing your mouth. Now use your voice to make a sound. The sound is made by putting the tip of your tongue on the roof of your mouth, right behind your teeth. To make this sound, put your tongue up against the roof of the back of your mouth. Now, make a sound using your voice. Contrast between /m/ and /n/ at the end of a word Listen and match the words below with the correct sound Find words which show the contrast between two sounds Make sentences with contrast sound words It doesnt present major problems, except when the sound is in a final position. This sound its similar to the Catalan or Spanish /n/, thats why it doesnt cause too many problems to our students No problematic (middle sound) Why are they ...
Have you experimented reversing sounds? Find or record a few dozen sounds with strong decays (metal gate slams, reverbant door slams, distant gun shots, explosions, pressure releases etc) - reverse them and try those for the approach/attack of the doppler.... For the decay of the doppler try lower frequency sounds.. Experiment by recording backwards performances for both the attack & decay (ie have the shape of the sound you want in mind, but perform it knowing you will be reversing it) eg try dragging a wood saw across carpet in various shapes/performances, or scraping a machete across another metal object with the dynamic shape of the reverse of what you want..... Metal sounds may work well for the dagger, as the right sound will inferr sharpness. Obviously a woosh stops on impact, so a strong doppler up to the point of impact with an immediate/hard cut can accentuate the impact - but I think your question is for an object in flight? Try slowing the video to half speed, so you have more time ...
Intensity - The amount of energy transported by a wave across a unit area per unit of time. The intensity of a sound wave determines the loudness of the sound. The unit of intensity is (W/m2) The lowest intensity the human ear can detect is 10-12 W/m2 The highest intensity the human ear can detect is 1 W/m2 Therefore, the sound range of intensity if 10-12 W/m2 to 1 W/m2 If you increase the intensity of a sound wave by about 10 times, the sound will sound about twice as loud as the original. Sound intensity levels are specified on a logarithmic scale. Unit = bel, named after Alexander Graham Bell. The unit decibel (dB) is more commonly used. (1 dB = 1/10 bel) The sound level is defined in terms of its intensity. Sound level = 10dB * log(I/Io) Io = Standard reference intensity, usually the minimum intesnity audible to a good human ear = 1.0 x 10-12 W/m2 ...
The speed of sound is the distance travelled per unit time by a sound wave as it propagates through an elastic medium. In dry air at 0 °C (32 °F), the speed of sound is 331.2 metres per second (1,087 ft/s; 1,192 km/h; 741 mph; 644 kn). At 20 °C (68 °F), the speed of sound is 343 metres per second (1,125 ft/s; 1,235 km/h; 767 mph; 667 kn), or a kilometre in 2.91 s or a mile in 4.69 s. The speed of sound in an ideal gas depends only on its temperature and composition. The speed has a weak dependence on frequency and pressure in ordinary air, deviating slightly from ideal behavior. In common everyday speech, speed of sound refers to the speed of sound waves in air. However, the speed of sound varies from substance to substance: sound travels most slowly in gases; it travels faster in liquids; and faster still in solids. For example, (as noted above), sound travels at 343 m/s in air; it travels at 1,484 m/s in water (4.3 times as fast as in air); and at 5,120 m/s in iron (about 15 times as fast ...
But in fact, sound waves really arent waves at all. Sound waves are actually organized vibrations that pass from molecule to molecule through most any medium. Air, steel, concrete, wood, water, and metal are all made of molecular structure. As a sound vibration is produced, the fluctuations are passed through any of these mediums transferring energy from one particle of the medium to its neighboring particles, much like doing a wave at a sporting event.. A good example of this energy transfer can be tested on a billiards table. A tightly racked set of billiards balls will mirror sound wave activity when the cue ball strikes the front ball in the rack. The energy will transfer from ball to ball via structure borne vibration. In a perfect rack, the center 8 ball should not move as the perimeter balls scatter across the table. Sound waves are energy transfers through molecules in the same manner as billiards balls collect and transfer stored energy.. ...
The U.S. Department of Energys National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has developed a method for achieving tunable gas sensitivity of surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices. The innovation implements a class of materials with tunable absolute film conductivities called conducting metal oxides (CMOs), which enables SAW devices to be calibrated for gas sensitivity in diverse harsh-environment conditions.
The ability of models developed for describing partitioning of organic vapors into polymeric materials in gas liquid chromatography (GLC) to model the responses of polymer coated surface acoustic wave (SAW) vapor sensors was evaluated. SAW vapor sensors operating at 158 megahertz were coated with OV-275, OV-25, poly(phenyl)ether, or poly(isobutylene) (PIB). Arrays of these sensors were exposed to
The technique of measuring surface acoustic wave (SAW) speed of a solid by an acoustic microscope has been known to the nondestructive evaluation (NDE) community for last twenty five years. A number...
TY - CONF. T1 - Performance Characterization of Surface Acoustic Wave Nebulization for Lipid A Mass Spectrometric Analysis. AU - Stokes, Adam. PY - 2016/6/5. Y1 - 2016/6/5. M3 - Poster. T2 - American Society for Mass Spectrometry Annual Meeting 2016. Y2 - 5 June 2016 through 9 June 2016. ER - ...
Blog provided by The Foam Factory. Weve previously discussed the types of sound proofing foam and how to effectively install them in a sound studio. The reason why these acoustic foam panels are so effective at absorbing sound lies in their unique properties. Acoustic foam is different from regular foam because of its cellular structure. Acoustic foam has more individual cells in each linear inch of foam, which makes it better at absorbing sound waves than other foam varieties.. When sound waves reach the surface of acoustic foam, the foam panels do not reflect them like hard surfaces. Echoes are caused by sound waves bouncing off hard surfaces and being reflected throughout a room. To avoid this, acoustic foam allows sound waves to pass through its structure while also dissipating sound wave energy as heat. This eliminates excess echoes and resonances that may distort your recordings when you are making music or adding voiceover to your film project.. For maximum effectiveness when using ...
Alexander tested variants of existing hearing aid technology, which use algorithms to move information from higher pitches into a lower pitch range, but found little success.. Those who need this technology the most are people like Mel. Unfortunately, because their pitch range is so limited, everything is placed into a very narrow area, which makes different speech sounds too similar to one another. There is less to separate them, he said. Listeners have to relearn how to perceive a lot of information in the new pitch range, assuming the sounds can be made different from one another in the first place.. Rather than design an algorithm and hope that listeners perception would accommodate to it, Alexander discovered what listeners needed to enhance perception in the new pitch range. He then designed an algorithm to accommodate these perceptual needs.. Unlike other algorithms that simply shift high-frequency sounds to a lower pitch range, this algorithm mirrors and flips them. By moving the ...
Sound Blaster Ct4780 Driver Anywhere connects your smartphone to your Sound Blaster Ct4780 Driver at home, letting you enjoy your music and media collection no matter where you are. Simply take a few seconds to install the free Sound Blaster Ct4780 Driver light software included with purchase on your Windows Sound Blaster Ct4780 Driver. After establishing a connection, Sound Blaster Ct4780 Driver will display your computers entire Music collection on your smartphone - no matter how massive! You can Sound Blaster Ct4780 Driver download or playback all your media Sound Blaster Ct4780 Driver by streaming them on your smartphone. This allows you to transform your home Sound Blaster Ct4780 Driver into your personal media cloud. Access your media whenever you want, wherever you are! See for yourself today. Sound Blaster Ct4780 Driver for Windows will download, display and save images from the many thousands of webcams available on the internet Sound Blaster Ct4780 Driver monitors up to 1,000 ...
The middle section can be cut or looped to be as long as necessary. Loops. Get Turntable Sounds from Soundsnap, the Leading Sound Library for Unlimited SFX Downloads. This sound effect can be found on The General Series 6000 Sound Effects Library, which was made by Sound Ideas. needle drop Sound Effects (17) Most recent Oldest Shortest duration Longest duration Any Length 2 sec 2 sec - 5 sec 5 sec - 20 sec 20 sec - 1 min > 1 min All libraries Soundmorph Sound Ex Machina 0:12 Instruments. Select Music to see Moods. BROWSE NOW >>> Download and buy high quality Needle Scratch sound effects. Royalty-Free Music, Sound Effects, and Loops, Easy to use, no editing experience required, Add text, logos, transitions, and other effects, Personalize videos by uploading your own content. Soundeffects Wiki is a FANDOM Movies Community. Duration. Moods. needle Sound Effects (180) Most recent Oldest Shortest duration Longest duration Any Length 2 sec 2 sec - 5 sec 5 sec - 20 sec 20 sec - 1 min > 1 min All ...
Dr. Parrack finds that rats and guinea pigs can be killed with high-frequency sound waves, but that man is safe against them because he has no fur. With the fur-bearing animals the sound energy is turned into heat. They die from high-frequency noise because they get so hot that the body proteins coagulate. When the hair is shaved off, there is no such coagulation effect. Man, with his much more efficient skin ventilating system, is safe at energy levels 120 times greater that rats are. ...
Acoustic tweezers work by setting up a standing surface acoustic wave. If two sound sources are placed opposite each other and each emits the same wavelength of sound, there will be a location where the opposing sounds cancel each other. This location can be considered a trough. Because sound waves have pressure, they can push very small objects, so a cell or nanoparticle will move with the sound wave until it reaches the trough where there is no longer movement. The particle or cell will stop and fall into the trough ...
Have you ever wanted to sit down and watch a feature length film about the merits of sound design in cinema?. Really? Youve actually had that exact thought? Well youre in luck, because the new film Making Waves: The Art of Cinematic Sound aims to give the unsung sound designers of this world their shot at the spotlight. Its interesting and all, but it sounds like a DVD Extra stretched to feature length, if Im being honest.. A number of big time filmmakers like Steven Spielberg, Ang Lee, George Lucas, Ryan Coogler, and David Lynch all contribute their thoughts on the impact of sound on film. Theyre really trying to make it sound more exciting than it is, but what this movie is really designed to do is to give people who regularly watch The Oscars a better understanding of those Sound categories. Will they explain the difference between Sound Design and Sound Editing? Who knows? Well have to watch a two hour movie to find out!. USC Professor Midge Costin directs the film, which makes sense ...
If you were to rank them based on speed of sound then 1)Steel 2)Air 3)Water Frequency is the rate at which a vibration occurs, usually measured in seconds. At 0°C, the speed of sound is 331 m/s, whereas at 20.0 °C, it is 343 m/s, less than a 4% increase. Molecules at higher temperatures have more energy, thus they can vibrate faster. Speed of sound in different mediums The speed of sound is determined by the medium it is traveling through. The speed of sound depends on the temperature, stiffness, and density of the medium the sound travels through. For example, the speed of sound in air at 0 0 C is 331 m s -1 and at 22 0 C it is 344 m s -1. When the speed of any object surpasses the speed of sound waves, the speed of respective object is known as supersonic speed. Figure 17.3. Elastic properties are the properties of a material that allow it to maintain its shape when you apply force to it. When the speed of any object exceed the speed of sound it is said to be travelling at supersonic speed. ...
Sound can be measured as a change in pressure when sound waves reach the ear or a measuring device. Sound exposure is usually measured in decibels of sound pressure level (dB SPL), which is a measure of the sound pressure level relative to the lowest hearing threshold of the young, healthy ear set as 0 dB. The scale is logarithmic and a ten-fold increase in the sound pressure level measured corresponds to an increase by 20 dB SPL.
Having been assessed as deaf enough for a cochlear implant, and passing the associated tests, I was wondering how much of an improvement in hearing the implant has given me. Lots of new high frequency sounds have been popping up whilst low frequency sounds have only just started coming back. It has been exactly two…
3. Compromise - Chris Thompson - Alarm Sounds. Distinctive as Pattersons sounds are, succesive IEC committees have not endorsed them. Mostly this was, I think, because simpler devices would have found it difficult, technically, to generate such complex sounds. Hence the simpler, more easily generated pulse tones of 9703.2 and 60601-1-8.. None the less, the underlying psychoacoustic principles advocated by Patterson are, I think, entirely valid, as was the concept of providing unique sounds for the main categories of medical alarms. My greatest reservation with the existing 60601-1-8 melodies is that the high priority melodies are too complex. Although the high priority sounds are based on the medium priority melodies, two additional beeps after the base melody confuse the sound greatly, so that each high priority alarm is quite different from its medium priority version. This means that there are almost 13 different sounds to learn, and they can be too easily confused. The general rule of ...
There are two Sound Level channels: A-weighted and C-weighted. The A‑weighted channel applies a filter to the sound level reading that mimics the human ears response to loudness and frequency. In most classroom situations, youll want to measure A-weighted sound levels. For more information on the difference between A- and C-weighted sound levels, see www.vernier.com/til/3500. The microphone is located inside the hole in the top of the case. Because the microphone is located inside the sensor, it is helpful to point the microphone hole toward the source of the sounds you are measuring.. When using the sensor, be mindful of the environment around it. Wind blowing across the opening or vibrations from the surface on which it is resting can cause the sensor to read much higher sound levels than it should. When collecting data, place the sensor on a soft surface or hold the sensor in your hand to separate the microphone from extraneous vibrations.. Example Sound Levels. ...
Many people choose to expose themselves to potentially dangerous sounds such as loud music, either via speakers, personal audio systems, or at clubs. The Conditioning, Adaptation and Acculturation to Loud Music (CAALM) Model has proposed a theoretical basis for this behaviour. To compare the model to data, we interviewed a group of people who were either regular nightclub-goers or who controlled the sound levels in nightclubs (bar managers, musicians, DJs, and sound engineers) about loud sound. Results showed four main themes relating to the enjoyment of loud sound: arousal/excitement, facilitation of socialisation, masking of both external sound and unwanted thoughts, and an emphasis and enhancement of personal identity. Furthermore, an interesting incidental finding was that sound levels appeared to increase gradually over the course of the evening until they plateaued at approximately 97 dBA Leq around midnight. Consideration of the data generated by the analysis revealed a complex of influential
TY - JOUR. T1 - Preterm infants sympathetic arousal and associated behavioral responses to sound stimuli in the neonatal intensive care unit. AU - Salavitabar, Arash. AU - Doheny, Kim Kopenhaver. AU - Adkins, Cherie S.. AU - Susman, Elizabeth J.. AU - Palmer, Charles. AU - Storm, Hanne. PY - 2010/1/1. Y1 - 2010/1/1. N2 - PURPOSE: To evaluate the utility of skin conductance (SC) as a measure of autonomic arousal to sound stimuli in preterm infants. DESIGN: A pilot cross-sectional, correlations study. SUBJECTS: Eleven preterm infants with a mean gestational age of 31.6 weeks without anomalies or conditions associated with neurodevelopmental delay composed the sample. METHODS: On days 5-7 of life, the following infant responses were simultaneously recorded in response to naturally occurring sound stimuli in the NICU: real-time measurements of heart rate, respiratory rate, and oxygen saturations; sympathetic-mediated sweating via SC; and behavioral responses using the Newborn Individualized ...
The present invention relates to the communication or reproduction of sound, in particular audible sound. There is provided a method of communicating a sound, including the steps of: transmitting, onto an optical link, pairs of signal copies, the signal copies of a given pair having a time offset relative to one another; applying the audible sound to the optical link, such that the audible sound causes a phase modulation to the transmitted signal copies; receiving modulated signal copies previously transmitted onto the link; and, for received pairs of signal copies, causing one signal copy of a pair to mix with the other signal copy of that pair so as to produce a signal representative of the sound. The sound is an audible sound. It has been found that a delay of at least 75 micro seconds allows for a better reproduction of audio sounds, since these have a relatively low frequency content.
Certain aspects relate to providing an at least one audio source to at least one user. Certain aspects relate to selectively modifying an at least one first sound source to be provided to the at least one user, wherein the at least one first sound source is combined with an at least one second sound source, and wherein the selectively modifying is performed relative to the at least one audio source based at least in part on at least some specific information of the at least one first sound source. Other aspects relate to selectively modifying the at least one first sound source to be provided to the at least one user relative to the at least one second sound source based at least in part on at least some specific information of the at least one first sound source.
We provide evidence for pulse register phonation in the songbird syrinx, which can be generated by all possible interactions of the two sound sources, but typically involves the use of both sound generators and always gives rise to sounds with a rich harmonic structure. Since sounds were induced in deeply anaesthetized crows, the short labial opening events and the alternation of opening between the left and right sound generators must reflect passive mechanical dynamics of the vocal organ. The alternation pattern indicates coupling between the two sound sources, which might include mechanical coupling presumably via the semilunar membrane and/or direct acoustic coupling. Muscular control of the observed vibration pattern is highly unlikely. Even if the thoracic compression induces a reflex-like neural response, the syringeal muscles would not be fast enough to account for rapid opening events of 1.5 ms duration (Elemans et al. 2004; Rome 2006). We therefore conclude that the observed vibratory ...
Sound Pressure (p) is the change in the static pressure of any media a sound wave passes through. The Sound Pressure Level (SPL) in decibels = 20 x the logarithm of the ratio of the sound pressure to the reference sound pressure of 0.00002 pascals.
Ultrasonic Cavitation is a no surgery and no anesthesia method of liposuction that destroys intractable fat cells by using low frequency sound waves. This type of sound waves can destroy the fat cells without causing damage to any other tissue or organs. Ultrasonic therapy forces a powerful sound wave to the fat cell membranes. The fat cell membranes succumbs to the pressure, is reduced to liquid and is expelled through the bodys normal metabolic method. Ultrasonic Cavitation destroys fat cells at such a rate and in such a quantity that fat storage is significantly reduced or eliminated. Clients sees the results and are pleased with the increase of their bodys fat cell metabolism.. Ultrasonic Cavitation therapy makes it possible to apply concentrated levels of ultrasonic energy to specific treatment areas. This type of therapy targets and destroys subcutaneous fat cell membranes through a series of microscopic implosions. Once the fat cell membrane is destroyed, the fat cell is discharged ...
Objective Sounds of chewing, breathing, keyboard typing are considered by most people as normal sounds and are ignored as background sounds in everyday listening. However, for a group of people these sounds are not only distracting but also evoke a strong feeling of anger accompanied by an urge to escape from the situation producing these sounds. This condition, marked by sensitivity to a selective group of sounds, was given the name misophonia (hatred of sounds) almost a decade ago. Since the sounds that act as triggers in this condition are quite common at home, work place and in social gatherings, misophonia has devastating effects on social, family and personal life of the sufferer. Presently misophonia is not featured in any official medical/psychiatric classifications. People with misophonia suffer in silence because they do not share their problem with others for the fear of being called crazy. The objective of the current work was to check the consistency of profile of symptoms ...
Holophonics are binaural recording system created by Hugo Zuccarelli. Holophonics are based on the assumption that the auditory system acts as an interferometer, where electromagnetic waves are superimposed in order to extract information about the waves.. 3D holophonics relies on phase variance, just like stereophonic sound. Holophonics sounds are most clearly heard through headphones, though can be demonstrated to be effective with 2 channel stereo speakers, as long as they are phase coherent. In a 1983 article on the New Scientist, Hugo Zuccarelli stated that the human auditory system is a sound emitter, producing a reference sound that combines with incoming sound to form an interference pattern inside the ear. The nature of this pattern is sensitive to the direction of the incoming sound. According to the hypothesis, the cochlea detects and analyzes this pattern as if it were an acoustic hologram. The brain then interprets this data and infers the direction of the sound. Recordings released ...
Capable of recording sound from diverse sources Xilisoft Sound Recorder makes your computer a professional sound recording studio This perfect sound recorder software can record sound and voice from any sound card linein and lineout from
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The sensors, which are based on SAW (surface acoustic wave) technology, are being used by the company as an aid to evaluating the performance of miniature electric motors.. To address motor-selection issues and, in particular, to assist in the development of a handheld sheep shear, Lister Shearing decided to set up a motor test rig that would allow the performance of motors from various suppliers to be compared quickly and easily.. A key requirement for this rig was that it should be able to accurately determine the torque produced by each motor and its speed under a range of operating conditions.. Torqsense sensors depend on surface acoustic wave transducers that comprise of two thin metal electrodes, in the form of interlocking fingers, on a piezoelectric substrate such as quartz.. When an RF signal of the correct frequency is applied to the transducer, surface acoustic waves are set up and the transducer behaves as a resonant circuit.. The essential feature, however, is that, if the substrate ...
Some conditions that affect your pet arent always evident during a clinic examination, which is why diagnostics such as X-rays, ultrasound and blood pressure monitors are used.. Here at Robin Lewis we use both X-ray and ultrasound technology to help get to the source of the problem quickly.. Both procedures are examples of medical imaging; both are painless and non-invasive.. Ultrasound uses high frequency sound waves and is a useful tool for imaging soft tissue such as the liver, bladder, heart and kidneys.. Our team will use an ultrasound probe, which sends out pulses of very high frequency sound, which penetrate the bodys tissues. Some of the sound waves are reflected when they meet an internal surface. The probe measures these reflected waves to create an image on screen.. X-rays on the other hand produce images of the inside of the body and are an effective way of looking at bones as well as some soft tissue. Animals must be anaethetised or sedated to prevent movement during the procedure ...
In addition to the place and manner of articulation, we can say that a consonant is voiced or voiceless. Put your fingers on your Adams apple for a moment and say something. Can you feel the vibrations? Thats because your vocal chords are being used. If a sound is voiced, it is because the vocal chords are used. But we dont always used our vocal chords to make consonant sounds - in fact, almost half of the consonant phonemes in English are voiceless, meaning that there is no movement made in our larynx. You may come across some classifications which refer to aspirated and unaspirated sounds rather than voiced and voiceless. This can be a little confusing, as generally voiced sounds are unaspitated and voiceless ones are aspirated. Aspiration refers to the airflow that is produced, and theres an easy test we can do to find out if a phoneme is aspirated or not. Put your hand, or even better, a sheet of paper, in front of your mouth. Now make the sound /b/. Does it move? Now make the sound /p/. ...
Yurok has 29 consonants and 11 vowels. The links below lead to short guides to all the Yurok sounds, with descriptions of pronunciation, differences in pronunciation, English comparisions, and audio examples.. Technically, a vowel is a sound in which air flows freely through the mouth; a consonant is a sound in which air is more tightly constrained by motions of the tongue, lips, etc. In reading about Yurok pronunciation, keep in mind the distinction between sounds and letters; sounds are features of the language, while it is possible to use different letters to represent the same sound. (Over the years, for example, several different writing systems have been used to write the same set of Yurok sounds.). ...
LAB 21 HS is a loudspeaker system suited to high-quality sound reinforcement of infra-low frequencies. It comprises a NdFeB 21 long-excursion woofer magnet (6.5″ voice coil). Loading is a hybrid waveguide indirect radiation system able to completely recover low frequency sound pressure emitted from the rear of its 21 woofer, which means an increase in sensitivity of 6 dB SPL.. In other words, with the same input voltage, this system gives an additional 6 dB over the entire low frequency band compared to the same speaker used in a closed cabinet and, on average, an additional 3 dB compared to what the same speaker would give at low frequencies if used with a horn-loaded, reflex or band-pass system. The fact that the sound is generated by two masses of air moved by a single diaphragm, greatly benefiting attack velocity in the transitory frequencies, results in deep, very clean low frequencies.. Intended as a complete system, the LAB 21 HS ensures very high electro-acoustic transduction ...
TY - GEN. T1 - The forced sound transmission of finite ribbed plates, investigating the influence of point connections and periodicity. AU - Brunskog, Jonas. PY - 2015. Y1 - 2015. N2 - Many engineering structures consist of plates being stiffened by ribs. The ribs can be connected to the plate in a line connection (welded or glued) or in point connections (screwed). It is well known that the rib stiffeners can significantly change the vibration field and the radiation behavior of the structure. These types of structures have thus often been studied in the past. However, there is still a lack of simplified expressions for the sound transmission of these structures. Therefore, simplified expressions for the forced airborne sound transmission of finite size single leaf ribbed plates have been derived, using a variational technique based on integral-differential equations of the fluid loaded plate. In this way an optimal solution is derived, using a very simple initial guess of the vibration field. ...
The Sensible Sound. 1995. pp. 53-56. "Dynaudio Accent 3 powered loudspeaker". Stereophile.com. 2008-02-08. Retrieved 2021-01-22 ... Fantel, Hans (1987-08-30). "SOUND; How About a Pair of Loudspeakers Priced at $65,000? (Published 1987)". The New York Times. ... Duntech's Sovereign model line speakers are known for accurate sound reproduction. The Sovereign C-7000 is a seven driver ... Hoffmann, Frank (12 November 2004). Encyclopedia of Recorded Sound. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-135-94950-1. "Business Review Weekly ...
"TrouserPress.com :: Sound". Trouser Press. Retrieved 3 April 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link). ...
Sound. Power. Tate Modern, London, as well as at Kochi-Muziris Biennale. 2018 -Around 30 national and international awards to ...
Cirugeda, Kevin (November 3, 2016). "Sound! Euphonium 2: Episode 5". Sakuga Blog. Archived from the original on July 22, 2019. ... Sound! Euphonium: Episode Director (ep 5, ep 12) Baja no Studio: Director A Silent Voice: Key Animation "WEBアニメスタイル_もっとアニメを観よう ...
While there is a recurring musical motif by Dominic Frontiere that sounds quite similar to eight notes of the Star Trek theme, ... The main theme begins, punctuated at several points by the Enterprise flying toward and past the camera with a "whoosh" sound ... sound." According to Courage, however, Gene Roddenberry had the mix changed to bring up the female vocal, after which Courage ... felt the theme sounded like a soprano solo. Finally, for the third season it was remixed again, this time emphasizing the organ ...
"Sound! Euphonium: Chikai no Finale Film Unveils New Cast, Visual". Anime News Network. December 14, 2018. Retrieved January 18 ...
"sound. at Fiesta Hall: Pilgrimage From Scattered Points". The Society for the Activation of Social Space Through Art and Sound ...
Installed Covers space; boundary; access; lighting; sound; security; base/s; distribution of elements; display equipment for ...
Their sound has been described as punk with '70s/'80s heavy metal influences and elements of blues, jazz, and even classical ... Perkele are a Swedish rock band from Göteborg best known for their former Oi! sound. Following decades of activity and sold-out ...
Older fans consider riddim to be the swampy, repetitive sound, and newer fans will associate riddim with the sound of the ... sound". An online flyer from around this time encapsulated the Forward>> sound as "b-lines to make your chest cavity shudder." ... In 2001, this sound and other strains of garage music began to be showcased and promoted at London's night club Plastic People ... The early sounds of proto-dubstep originally came out of productions during 1999-2000 by producers such as Oris Jay, El-B, ...
Johnson, Richard (May 28, 2012). "D'bi's Word! Sound! Powah!". Jamaica Observer. Retrieved May 9, 2019. Lewis, Jules (January ...
"SOUND". rakugaki-kingdom.com (in Japanese). Retrieved April 21, 2020. Kashiwagi, Mizuki (December 26, 2019). 落ち物デッキバトル『錬神のアストラル ...
"Stewart Goodyear". Sound. "Stewart Goodyear on Cooking Up a Tasty Musical Stew". Limelight. "Stewart Goodyear, piano". ...
"Sound". "Sound festival". Retrieved 6 March 2012. "New Words". "New Words festival". Retrieved 6 March 2012. The World Festival ... Sound - North-East Scotland's festival of New Music Triptych - popular music and spoken word (discontinued) Word - the ...
ISBN 0-7894-4951-X. Tingen, Paul (1998). "Bill Laswell: Re-shaping the Music of Miles Davis". Sound on Sound. Cambridge. ... creating a sound he said was "total tapestry". "I'm also using a volume pedal, so I'm bringing the sounds in and out", Mtume ... shimmering ribbons of sound that are heard on Agharta", where his wah-wah processed solos often sounded frantic and melancholic ... including repeated whirring and grinding sounds. Cosey generated these sounds by running his guitar through a ring modulator ...
151-155 (Matsya Purana and other examples). ISBN 978-0-19-971825-2. Annette Wilke; Oliver Moebus (2011). Sound and ... sound > ear air > smell > nose fire > sight/form > eye water > taste > tongue earth > touch > skin Time is infinite with a ...
Sometimes called Gronk, which is the only sound he makes (although he can talk fluently in recent strips). The Clams: talking ... sound. Hart actually drew something of a hybrid-with the long ears of an aardvark and the bushy tail of a giant anteater. (This ...
Sound. (Singular in Focus, not a Faggy Short Film)." EYEBALL (July): np. Zamudio, Raúl et al., Janet Belloto: Wave. New York: ...
The Age's correspondent caught their performance at Fitzroy Community Room in July 2005, "[their] sound requires a delicate ... Boyd, Chris (22 December 2000). "Sound". The Australian Financial Review. Cosmo Cosmolino (2004), Nektár, Cosmo Cosmolino, ... surging sound and forward-propelling rhythm." They toured Victoria from late July to early September 2011 in support of its ... Sound Vault Records/MGM Distribution (CC002) Bel Air (8 August 2011) - Planet Company/MGM Distribution (CC003) Cater, Evan. " ...
Sound? Yes. There are 7 or 8 games officially known to be released for the system which came on ROM cartridges. Like the ...
Film: A Sound Art. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-13777-5 2016. Sound. An Acoulogical Treatise. Durham and ... He has also written a number of books as well as essays expounding his theories of the interaction between sound and image ... ISBN 2-09-190704-9 English edition, edited and translated by Claudia Gorbman, as Audio-Vision: Sound on Screen (New York: ... Elisabeth Weis, John Belton (1985). Film sound: theory and practice. Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231056373.CS1 maint: ...
Infrasound Infrasound, sometimes referred to as low-frequency sound, describes sound waves with a frequency below the lower ... the sound pressure must be sufficiently high. The ear is the primary organ for sensing low sound, but at higher intensities it ... Mach number The ratio of the speed of an object to the speed of sound.. Machine A machine (or mechanical device) is a ... The SI unit of particle displacement is the metre (m). In most cases this is a longitudinal wave of pressure (such as sound), ...
Sound). Chapter 4. Striking at the Heat in the Night. (Thermal Processes). Chapter 5. Ducking First a Roar and Then a Flash. ( ...
"Sound! Euphonium's 2nd Promo Video Introduces Cast". Anime News Network. March 24, 2015. Retrieved April 8, 2015. "Gintama Gets ...
Music +1: Action; Theatre; Concert; Puppet; Quartet; Circus; Movement; Space; Happening; Sound; Opera. All 4 Voices; Avanti! - ...
sound, voice, shout' (Old High German: skal, lit. 'sound'). Old High German has skalsang, 'song of praise, psalm', and skellan ...
FCC History Cards for KOKL "SIGHT And.......SOUND". Okmulgee Daily Times. September 15, 1959. p. 1. Retrieved February 20, 2021 ...
"Review: From Space I Saw Earth". sound , body , wellness. Archived from the original on May 11, 2020. Retrieved August 30, 2020 ...
cool air permeating ravaged nostrils... sound? take the manic snorts of captain liberty. dissonant chalk. the next moment as ... extremely complex lines were not composed of individual notes but were ascending and descending unbroken ribbons of sounds... ...
... sound.[citation needed] In 2009, Dennis played Herbert Soppitt in J. B. Priestley's When We Are Married at the West Yorkshire ... Dennis presented and performed in BBC One's The Sound of Musicals and guested in New Street Law on BBC One. In summer 2006, he ... Presenter The Sound of Musicals (2006) - Presenter and performer New Street Law (2006) - Guest star The Bill (2006) - Guest ... Lighting and Sound International Online. Retrieved 15 April 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Theatre: Actor Les ...
The sound pressure level (SPL) or Lp is defined as L. p. =. 10. log. 10. ⁡. (. p. 2. p. r. e. f. 2. ). =. 20. log. 10. ⁡. (. p ... Sound can also be viewed as an excitation of the hearing mechanism that results in the perception of sound. In this case, sound ... The duration of a sound usually lasts from the time the sound is first noticed until the sound is identified as having changed ... For example; in a noisy environment, gapped sounds (sounds that stop and start) can sound as if they are continuous because the ...
Sound sources Earphones Musical instrument Sonar Sound box Sound reproduction Sound measurement Acoustic impedance Acoustic ... Particle displacement Particle velocity Phon Sone Sound energy flux Sound impedance Sound intensity level Sound power Sound ... Sound can also be viewed as an excitation of the hearing mechanism that results in the perception of sound. In this case, sound ... Sound waves may be "viewed" using parabolic mirrors and objects that produce sound. The energy carried by an oscillating sound ...
Sound Recording Industries 2,890. 17.22. $27.84. $57,900. Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers 570. 1.10. $23.63. $ ... 27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians. Operate machines and equipment to record, synchronize, mix, or reproduce music, voices, ... or sound effects in sporting arenas, theater productions, recording studios, or movie and video productions. ...
1.6 Breaking the sound barrier in a land vehicle. *1.7 Breaking the sound barrier as a human projectile *1.7.1 Felix ... See "Speed of sound" for the science behind the velocity called the sound barrier, and "Sonic boom" for information on the ... Breaking the sound barrier as a human projectile[edit]. Felix Baumgartner[edit]. In October 2012 Felix Baumgartner, with a team ... The Quest for Mach One: A First-Person Account of Breaking the Sound Barrier. New York: Penguin Studio, 1997. ISBN 0-670-87460- ...
"Iveについて|Ive Sound Explorer". Ive Sound. Retrieved January 10, 2013. "Key Sounds Label albums with contributions by Jun Maeda ... "楽曲の検索|Ive Sound Explorer". www.ivesound.jp. Retrieved 2020-01-18. "楽曲の検索|Ive Sound Explorer". www.ivesound.jp. Retrieved 2020 ... "楽曲の検索|Ive Sound Explorer". www.ivesound.jp. Retrieved 2020-01-18. Low Trance Assembly: Ive Sound official site (in Japanese) ... Ive Sound 10th Anniversary: Departed to the future Special CD Box (2009) Master Groove Circle 2 (2009) Ive Sound 10th ...
It connects Pamlico Sound with Albemarle Sound, and is bordered to the east by Roanoke Island; Roanoke Sound is on the other ... The Croatan Sound is crossed by two bridges, the older William B. Umstead Bridge, and the newer Virginia Dare Memorial Bridge, ... Coordinates: 35°50′15″N 75°41′50″W / 35.83750°N 75.69722°W / 35.83750; -75.69722 Croatan Sound is an inlet in Dare County, ... U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Croatan Sound v t e. ...
For specific sound card access, please instead use /dev/dsp or /dev/dsp%d. EXAMPLES Use the sound metadriver to load all sound ... SOUND(4) BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual SOUND(4) NAME sound, pcm, snd -- FreeBSD PCM audio device infrastructure SYNOPSIS To ... hw.snd.default_unit Default sound card for systems with multiple sound cards. When using devfs(5), the default device for /dev/ ... The first number in the device node represents the unit number of the sound device. All sound devices are listed in /dev/ ...
... sound, pcm, snd). It will be resolved soon by renaming device sound to device snd, and doing associated changes. The sound ... SOUND(4) FreeBSD Kernel Interfaces Manual SOUND(4) NAME sound, pcm, snd -- FreeBSD PCM audio device infrastructure SYNOPSIS To ... sound cards. If the sound card is supported by a bridge driver, the sound driver works in conjunction with the bridge driver. ... hw.snd.default_unit Default sound card for systems with multiple sound cards. When using devfs(5), the default device for /dev/ ...
Please fill out out this short Sound Memories Survey to be part of the project! You can choose to contribute anonymously or be ... The sound can be loud or quiet, big or small, from the past or present, meaningful or unremarkable. ... Describe a sound you can hear, or remember hearing, in the city of Albany. * ... If you were going to take someone to experience an interesting sound in Albany, where would you take them? ...
Children and adults can have trouble saying sounds clearly. It may be hard to understand what they say. Speech-language ... Your child may have trouble making sounds. He may substitute another sound, leave sounds out, add sounds, or change the sound. ... About Speech Sound Disorders. Children will say some sounds the wrong way as they learn to talk. They learn some sounds earlier ... Speech Sound Disorders. Children and adults can have trouble saying sounds clearly. It may be hard to understand what they say ...
Sounds that are too loud can damage sensitive structures of the inner ear and cause noise-induced hearing loss. Learn how to ... Normally, you hear these sounds at safe levels that dont affect hearing. But sounds that are too loud or loud sounds over a ... More than 30 million Americans are exposed to hazardous sound levels on a regular basis. Hazardous sound levels are louder than ...
Sound exposure is usually measured in decibels of sound pressure level (dB SPL), which is a measure of the sound pressure level ... The scale is logarithmic and a ten-fold increase in the sound pressure level measured corresponds to an increase by 20 dB SPL. ... Sound can be measured as a change in pressure when sound waves reach the ear or a measuring device. ... Sound pressure level and dB SPL One parameter of the acoustic (sound) wave which is generally used to assess sound exposure to ...
Sound studios -- History.. Related Content. Living Stereo: Histories and Cultures of Multichannel Sound eds. by Paul Théberge, ... Chasing Sound: Technology, Culture, and the Art of Studio Recording from Edison to the LP by Susan Schmidt Horning (review) ... 6. The Search for the Sound: Rhythm and Blues, Rock n Roll, and the Rise of the Independents. Download PDF pp. 140-170 ... 1. Capturing Sound in the Acoustic Era: Recording Professionals and Clever Mechanics. Download PDF pp. 11-31 ...
Mauro's earthy tenor sound (he also doubles as baritone) gives We'll Be Together Again and Someone to Watch Over Me a ... His two originals (Jug's Moon and The Big Sound) have catchy riffs that allow his sidemen - Dr. Lonnie Smith on piano and ... Mauros earthy tenor sound (he also doubles as baritone) gives Well Be Together Again and Someone to Watch Over Me a sweet ... His two originals (Jugs Moon and The Big Sound) have catchy riffs that allow his sidemen - Dr. Lonnie Smith on piano and organ ...
But light is a trillion times more energetic than sound. So, for sound to make light requires an almost unbelievable ... Sonoluminescence literally means "sound into light," and the mysterious phenomenon serves as a central plot device in the film ... Injecting a tiny drop of air into pure water to produce a single bubble resonating with sound waves, they found to everyones ... Attached to its side is a dime-size ceramic vibrator that sends sound waves resonating through the globe. The whole hand-built ...
BRAVIA Connectivity Guide TOP,Sound Bar Select a Cable type.. Select a cable type to connect your TV and Sound Bar. Connections ... If you are not sure which connection to choose, refer to the Which method should I try to connect the Sound Bar to the TV? ... Check the connection methods below and choose the method that matches with your TV and Sound Bar system. ... The sound from the TV is no longer heard from the soundbar. ... audio out terminal to the OPTICAL IN terminal on the Sound Bar. ...
You are here: home , Whats New? , sound library. Note: This page contains links to sound ( or .wav) files, and accompanying ... Some of the sounds are low in intensity, and it may be necessary to turn up the speaker volume to hear them. Also, many sound ... If your player has an equalizer and you cant hear the sounds, turn up the frequencies between 600 and 1500 Hz.. If the sound ... A. Stored Product Insect movement and feeding sounds recorded for insect detection and monitoring studies (the sound quality ...
... the initiation of sound as a means of information transmission. Sounds are termed vocal when produced in the respiratory system ... Sound production, in animals, the initiation of sound as a means of information transmission. Sounds are termed vocal when ... homopteran: Sound production. At one time it was thought that the familiar call of male cicadas was the only sound produced by ... perciform: Sound production. The significance of sound production among perciform fishes is not well known, but most acoustic ...
The Mighty Sound of Maryland, the University of Maryland marching band, will perform at the Inaugural Parade Monday. It will be ... The Mighty Sound of Maryland, the University of Maryland marching band, will perform at the Inaugural Parade Monday. It will be ... The Mighty Sound of Maryland, the University of Maryland marching band, will perform at the Inaugural Parade Monday. It will be ... The Mighty Sound of Maryland, the University of Maryland marching band, will perform at the Inaugural Parade Monday. It will be ...
... and listener submitted sounds and interviews. Subscribe to the RSS feed of never before played audio and sounds. ... Found Sound series explores newly discovered audio and music sessions, home audio, ... Lost & Found Sound NPRs Lost & Found Sound series explores newly discovered audio and music sessions, home audio, and listener ... One of the first letters sent to Lost and Found Sound came from a listener who told us that no series about the sounds of the ...
Learn more about sound and the definition of sound at HowstuffWorks. ... Intensity of a sound is a measure of the power of its waves. ... A sound of 50 dB has ten times the intensity of a sound of 40 ... Air, for example, is a sound medium.. Sound quality, also called timbre, is a characteristic of musical sounds. Sound quality ... Noise is a sound that is unpleasant, annoying, and distracting.. Pitch is the degree of highness or lowness of a sound as we ...
... The term "ultrasonic" applied to sound refers to anything above the frequencies of audible sound, and ... Cetacean Sound. Orcas produce a wide variety of clicks, whistles and pulsed calls. They vary in frequency from 1 to 25 kHz. ... Sounds in the range 20-100kHz are commonly used for communication and navigation by bats, dolphins, and some other species. ... Such sounds are produced by ultrasonic transducers. A wide variety of medical diagnostic applications use both the echo time ...
It sounds like the problem is a buffer underrun. We then did the same test with the onboard via sound card (00:11.5 Multimedia ... The sound worked perfectly when I took possession of the notebook a few days ago when it was running windows XP. 2) I am not ... But whenever I play sounds, I can hear quite loud clunking. It is quite irregul= ar during the play, but it seem to me, that I ... RE: [Alsa-user] ALSA sound on intel8x0 soundcard (on notebook) very quiet ...
Post Production Sound. Cinematography. Editing. Contact [email protected] Sony FS7 Owner/Operator HDSLR camera package Standar... ... Location and Post-Production Sound. Camera. Lights. Play all Videos Ive done sound on ...
... Greetings in Jesus name.. If you had trouble imagining the sounds of hell, this will help. The following ... But instead of plate movements we heard a human voice screaming in pain! At first we thought the sound was coming from our own ... "We lowered a microphone, designed to detect the sounds of plate movements down the shaft. ... Let the listeners go to the throne room of God, and hear His voice, for He will tell you that this is the sound He hears, just ...
Sound of Vision is a glimpse into one mans journey to belong: born and bred in the city that never sleeps, Frank Senior spends ...
Links to All Sound & Noise Module Resources (PDF). *Museum of the City of New York Soundscape New York Exhibit and Sound Clips ... Sound and Noise Education Module. Interactive, multi-disciplinary, STEM lessons and activities introduce students and teachers ... Request Listen to the Raindrops, DEP Education Programs, and other Sound and Noise Resources ... and much more for the understanding of sound and noise. Please contact our Education Office for additional classroom resources ...
Electrical Energy: Sound Scientific Solutions * 1. Our Energy Policy: From Science, or Lobbyists? John Droz, jr. Physicist & ... Does this sound like a Wise National Electrical Energy Policy? 1 - Spend something like a Trillion dollars, 2 - Increase ... By this I mean that: 1) wind energy is not a technically sound solution to provide us power, or to meaningfully reduce global ... Sound Scientific Solutions is the Umbrella position that covers ALL important concerns: ECONOMIC (e.g. taxpayer cost, ratepayer ...
The dark waters of Puget Sound (center) stand out in this image from July 9th, 2003. Although phytoplankton blooms often appear ... The highest concentrations of chlorphyll pigment are in the Sound and just along the coast. The bright green waters offshore ...
... but composers walk a careful line in balancing the sound of 18th-century England, for example, with more modern, complex ... Rachel Portmans task on "The Duchess" was not to stray too far from a classical, romantic sound - inspired by the dramas of ... "For a period film, I avoid using certain, more modern-sounding instruments, like marimba or acoustic guitar," says Portman, the ... but composers walk a careful line in balancing the sound of 18th-century England, for example, with more modern, complex ...
  • The human ear is not equally sensitive to sounds (tones) of the same sound pressure levels but different frequencies . (europa.eu)
  • The loudness of a sound is not equal with its sound pressure level and differs for different frequencies. (europa.eu)
  • As it could be seen in the figure below, the frequencies 3-4 kHz are the most sensitive within sound frequency range from 20 Hz to 20 kHz that can be heard by human ear. (europa.eu)
  • For frequencies lower than 3-4 kHz and higher sound frequencies, the ear becomes less sensitive. (europa.eu)
  • Also, many sound players like to deemphasize low frequencies. (usda.gov)
  • If your player has an equalizer and you can't hear the sounds, turn up the frequencies between 600 and 1500 Hz. (usda.gov)
  • Ultrasound is sound with frequencies above the range of human hearing-that is, above 20,000 hertz. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The term "ultrasonic" applied to sound refers to anything above the frequencies of audible sound , and nominally includes anything over 20,000 Hz. (gsu.edu)
  • Most sound-absorbing materials are nonlinear, in that they do not absorb the same fraction of acoustic waves of all frequencies. (britannica.com)
  • This means that the lower frequencies of a voice bend around a corner more readily than the higher frequencies, giving the diffracted voice a "muffled" sound. (britannica.com)
  • From an infant's gurgles over a baby monitor to the roar of the crowd in a stadium to the sub-bass frequencies produced by sound systems in the disco era, sound-not necessarily aestheticized as music-is inextricably part of the many domains of popular culture. (mit.edu)
  • In order to simulate low frequencies that aren't actually there, the corresponding range is raised by an extreme 250 Hz, yielding a cardboard sound that's noisy and rumbling like the cheap equipment found blaring at parties. (tomshardware.com)
  • The dark waters of Puget Sound (center) stand out in this image from July 9th, 2003. (nasa.gov)
  • As this rain falls on our hard urban surfaces, it picks up pollutants that have been building up throughout our summer, washing this toxic mixture into our waterways and into Puget Sound. (nature.org)
  • Stormwater is the No. 1 polluter of Puget Sound, harming the health of our ecosystems and our iconic salmon species. (nature.org)
  • We are excited to announce the first six on-the-ground projects selected to receive funding through a competitive Puget Sound-wide request for proposals process by an advising committee made up of partners from around the region. (nature.org)
  • Through this effort, we are catalyzing on-the-ground tree-planting projects around Puget Sound that are planting trees for the health of their communities and for the water flowing into Puget Sound," says Chris Hilton, Puget Sound urban partnership director for The Nature Conservancy in Washington. (nature.org)
  • By investing in diverse projects and bringing together partners from across the region, we can take an important step for restoring the health of Puget Sound. (nature.org)
  • Take a look at these exciting projects - and sign-up to stay in the loop about volunteering for urban tree projects around Puget Sound. (nature.org)
  • An organization focused on supporting the health of salmon and orcas, Whale Scout engages volunteers throughout Puget Sound to support restoration work that reduces stormwater runoff, shades salmon habitat and provides on-shore whale watchers opportunities to take action to improve conditions for killer whales. (nature.org)
  • Olympia marked the southern extent of a towering mile-high glacier that rolled down from Canada, carving out the Puget Sound. (kickstarter.com)
  • Correlation between noise effect hearing loss and sound exposure levels measured in A, B, or C weightings would not be very different. (europa.eu)
  • Most of the sound files in the several pages of this library were selected from noise-free sections of recorded signal, but you can hear some typical background noises mixed with insect sounds at I below. (usda.gov)
  • Noise is a sound that is unpleasant, annoying, and distracting. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Interactive, multi-disciplinary, STEM lessons and activities introduce students and teachers to the study of the New York City sound environment, New York City's Noise Code, and the public health issues, both mental and physical, associated with noise. (nyc.gov)
  • Below are free education materials for students and teachers which include presentations, glossaries, suggested reading lists, worksheets, and much more for the understanding of sound and noise. (nyc.gov)
  • Why Teach about Sound and Noise? (nyc.gov)
  • Absorption of undesirable sound, such as that from machines in factories, is critical to the health of workers, and noise control in architectural and industrial acoustics has expanded to become an important field of environmental engineering . (britannica.com)
  • The NIOSH Sound Level Meter (SLM) app combines the best features of professional sound levels meters and noise dosimeters into a simple, easy-to-use package. (cdc.gov)
  • The app also reports the main metrics that are of importance for proper occupational noise measurements - mainly the run time (total time), the A-weighted Equivalent Sound Level (LAeq), the Maximum Level measured during the current run time, the C-weighted Peak Sound Pressure Level (LCpeak), the Time-Weighted Average (TWA) and Dose. (cdc.gov)
  • NIOSH hearing loss researchers collaborated with an app developer, EA LAB, to create an iOS based sound level meter app that measures and characterizes occupational noise exposure similar to professional instruments. (cdc.gov)
  • Marc says the suffering that we don't see still makes a sort of sound - a subtle, soft noise, nothing like the cries of screams that we might think of - more the slight scrape of a hat doffed by a quiet man, ignored as he stands back to let a lovely woman pass, her dress just brushing his coat. (livejournal.com)
  • Xonar AE delivers 7.1-channel, 192kHz/24-bit Hi-Res audio output with a high 110dB signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and comes with a built-in 150ohm headphone amplifier that provides rich, detailed sound and defined bass. (asus.com)
  • The Determination of Sound Exposures (DOSES) software was developed for use by mine management and safety personnel to simplify the record-keeping and analysis associated with time-motion studies and worker noise exposures, making it easier to identify and solve noise problems. (cdc.gov)
  • At the same time, noise measurements are collected with a dosimeter or sound level meter (SLM). (cdc.gov)
  • She or he will also ask you to describe the noise you're hearing (including its pitch and sound quality, and whether it's constant or periodic, steady or pulsatile) and the times and places in which you hear it. (amazonaws.com)
  • Most of the people who drive an electric car for the first time find the lack of noise or sound to be quite shocking. (bmwblog.com)
  • According to Marsha Green, founder of the Ocean Mammal Institute and the International Ocean Noise Coalition, the Navy is making the problem sound more complicated than it is. (honoluluweekly.com)
  • Based on the phenomenal MASH noise shaping technology used for many years in Panasonic products, the LincsD-Amp markedly reduces jitter and distortion that can affect audio clarity, producing pure brilliant sound. (panasonic.com)
  • Then, a mathematical expression is developed which combines the dissipative and sound transmission loss performance to determine the total noise reduction provided in the vehicle. (sae.org)
  • As the source continues to vibrate the medium, the vibrations propagate away from the source at the speed of sound , thus forming the sound wave. (wikipedia.org)
  • It turns electrical energy back into sound by using electricity to make the air around it vibrate. (factmonster.com)
  • Inside it, sound waves cause a flexible disc (diaphragm) to vibrate. (factmonster.com)
  • Your inner ear's cochlea is lined with thousands of fine, hair-like cells that vibrate when exposed to sound waves. (amazonaws.com)
  • If one of the subwoofers is placed in the trunk of a car, the car literally will vibrate from the sound because of the power packed into the bass. (chicagotribune.com)
  • This subjective or perceived magnitude of a sound by an individual is called its loudness. (europa.eu)
  • In order to assess loudness of a sound the isophonic curves are explored. (europa.eu)
  • While sound pressure measurements should give a reading of the sound pressure in dB SPL , in the context of human hearing it is more practical to provide also a value which corresponds more closely to the hearing sensation or loudness in phones. (europa.eu)
  • The A, B, and C filters used currently in sound-level meters were aimed at mimicking isoloudness curves over frequency under different conditions of sound intensities, i.e. for sounds of low, medium, and high loudness levels, respectively (IEC 651, 1979). (europa.eu)
  • Loudness refers to how strong a sound seems when we hear it. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Sound can be described in terms of pitch-from the low rumble of distant thunder to the high-pitched buzzing of a mosquito-and loudness. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Objective, measurable qualities of sound include frequency and intensity, which are related to pitch and loudness. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Sound intensity (loudness) is measured is decibels after Bell, the inventer of the sound-only telephone. (conservapedia.com)
  • The sound source creates vibrations in the surrounding medium. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mechanical vibrations that can be interpreted as sound can travel through all forms of matter: gases, liquids, solids, and plasmas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Your ears detect sounds as vibrations. (webmd.com)
  • This neural loop normally allows us to pick up very faint and distant sounds by detecting subtle changes in the vibrations of various hairs. (amazonaws.com)
  • Sympathetic vibrations of an object are caused by sound and are at the object's resonance frequency. (conservapedia.com)
  • Acoustics is the interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including vibration, sound, ultrasound, and infrasound. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acoustics is the science of sound and of its effects on people. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The study of sound is known as acoustics . (conservapedia.com)
  • Sound can also be viewed as an excitation of the hearing mechanism that results in the perception of sound. (wikipedia.org)
  • Uusi SOUND FORGE Audio Studio 15 on todellinen monitaituri äänenkäsittelyn alalla. (magix.com)
  • Helppo käyttö vain muutamalla klikkauksella ja ammattimaiset tulokset ovat ominaista SOUND FORGE Audio Studio -ohjelmalle. (magix.com)
  • I have tried several audio editors in the past, but I always return to SOUND FORGE Audio Studio because it's the easiest to use and completely fulfills all my requirements for recording voice over auditions and narrations. (magix.com)
  • SOUND FORGE Audio Studio 12 is a super powerful audio editing and restoration tool. (magix.com)
  • La nouvelle version SOUND FORGE Audio Studio 15 est un logiciel d'édition audio polyvalent. (magix.com)
  • Des résultats professionnels en quelques clics grâce à des commandes simples : c'est ce que garantit SOUND FORGE Audio Studio. (magix.com)
  • In current practice, the A- weighting curve filter is used to weight sound pressure levels as a function of frequency, approximately in accordance with the frequency response characteristics of the human auditory system for pure tones. (europa.eu)
  • Frequency of a sound is the number of sound waves that pass a given point each second. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Hertz is the unit used to measure frequency of sound waves. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Sound quality distinguishes between notes of the same frequency and intensity that are produced by different musical instruments. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Whales are also known to produce some very intense low frequency sounds which they may use to stun or disorient small fish for prey. (gsu.edu)
  • This type of attenuation is proportional to the square of the sound wave's frequency , as expressed in the formula α / f 2 , where α is the attenuation coefficient of the medium and f is the wave frequency. (britannica.com)
  • On the other hand, the ability of a sound wave to diffract decreases as frequency rises and wavelength shrinks. (britannica.com)
  • SOFAR channels are capable of transmitting the low frequency, long wavelength sound waves produced by an explosion. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The higher the sound wave frequency, the higher the note. (conservapedia.com)
  • In order to illustrate some of what can go wrong with sound design, or the deliberate modification of sound reproduction through under- or over-emphasizing individual frequency ranges, we selected two headsets to serve as examples. (tomshardware.com)
  • The options that ODMs offer, such as various openings for correcting attenuation, modify the sound by either raising or lowering each frequency range. (tomshardware.com)
  • In physics , sound is a vibration that propagates as an acoustic wave , through a transmission medium such as a gas, liquid or solid. (wikipedia.org)
  • One hertz equals one cycle (vibration, or sound wave) per second. (howstuffworks.com)
  • One important process is the direct conduction of the vibration into the medium as heat , caused by the conversion of the coherent molecular motion of the sound wave into incoherent molecular motion in the air or other absorptive material. (britannica.com)
  • Sound is caused by the vibration of an object, and its effect is a physiological occurrence in the brain, which also may occur to some extent when reading words or music. (conservapedia.com)
  • Some of the sounds are low in intensity, and it may be necessary to turn up the speaker volume to hear them. (usda.gov)
  • Decibel (dB) is the unit used to measure the intensity of a sound. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Intensity of a sound is a measure of the power of its waves. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The magnetostrictive transducers can be used to produce high intensity ultrasonic sound in the 20-40 kHz range for ultrasonic cleaning and other mechanical applications. (gsu.edu)
  • In addition to the geometric decrease in intensity caused by the inverse square law, a small part of a sound wave is lost to the air or other medium through various physical processes. (britannica.com)
  • Sound wave strength or intensity also does not match what it sounds like. (conservapedia.com)
  • Other forms of sound sensitivity include hyperacusis (a negative reaction to sound due to particular physical characteristics, like volume, type, and intensity) and phonophobia (a fear of certain sounds). (medicinenet.com)
  • This condition usually entails a number of negative reactions, like anger, agitation, and hatred of particular sounds and is different from hyperacusis, another form of decreased sound tolerance, which is defined as a negative reaction to sound due to particular physical characteristics, like volume, type, and intensity. (medicinenet.com)
  • The sounds of crickets courting and flies flying familiar to many of us, but have you heard a rice weevil larva eating inside a wheat kernel, a termite cutting a piece of wood, or a grub chewing on a root? (usda.gov)
  • Crickets and grasshoppers produce sound by rubbing together rasplike structures on their wings. (britannica.com)
  • Multichannel Audio Multichannel audio, popularly referred to as "surround sound" is sup- ported and enabled by default. (freebsd.org)
  • The FreeBSD multichannel matrix processor supports up to 18 interleaved channels, but the limit is currently set to 8 channels (as commonly used for 7.1 surround sound). (freebsd.org)
  • Cue the Creative Sound Blaster X3, a USB DAC (digital-to-analog converter) with a headphone amplifier that can produce virtual 7.1 surround sound, and offers a variety of ways to enhance the audio coming out of your computer or game console. (techradar.com)
  • The crowning feature above all these is Creative's own Super X-Fi audio holography, the company's impressive virtual surround sound technology. (techradar.com)
  • This function is great for when dialogue is drowned out by the surround sound and is difficult to hear. (panasonic.com)
  • Adults can also have speech sound disorders. (asha.org)
  • Many children with speech sound disorders also have language disorders. (asha.org)
  • See ASHA information for professionals on the Practice Portal's Speech Sound Disorders page. (asha.org)
  • See the Speech Sound Disorders Evidence Map for summaries of the available research on this topic. (asha.org)
  • The scope of this page is speech sound disorders with no known cause-historically called articulation and phonological disorders -in preschool and school-age children (ages 3-21). (asha.org)
  • Speech sound disorders is an umbrella term referring to any difficulty or combination of difficulties with perception, motor production, or phonological representation of speech sounds and speech segments-including phonotactic rules governing permissible speech sound sequences in a language. (asha.org)
  • Speech sound disorders can be organic or functional in nature. (asha.org)
  • Organic speech sound disorders result from an underlying motor/neurological, structural, or sensory/perceptual cause. (asha.org)
  • Functional speech sound disorders are idiopathic-they have no known cause. (asha.org)
  • Organic speech sound disorders include those resulting from motor/neurological disorders (e.g., childhood apraxia of speech and dysarthria), structural abnormalities (e.g., cleft lip/palate and other structural deficits or anomalies), and sensory/perceptual disorders (e.g., hearing impairment). (asha.org)
  • Functional speech sound disorders include those related to the motor production of speech sounds and those related to the linguistic aspects of speech production. (asha.org)
  • This Practice Portal page focuses on functional speech sound disorders. (asha.org)
  • Procedures and approaches detailed in this page may also be appropriate for assessing and treating organic speech sound disorders. (asha.org)
  • Different decibel measures are used in audiometry (evaluation of hearing sensitivity) than in sound pressure measurement. (europa.eu)
  • What Is Sound Sensitivity (Hyperacusis)? (webmd.com)
  • In some cases, like with injuries to your brain or ear, the sound sensitivity might get better on its own. (webmd.com)
  • Sound can propagate through a medium such as air, water and solids as longitudinal waves and also as a transverse wave in solids (see Longitudinal and transverse waves , below). (wikipedia.org)
  • Because less sound is absorbed in solids and liquids than in gases, sounds can propagate over much greater distances in these mediums. (britannica.com)
  • In addition to localized sound readings (i.e., sounds detected within the expected range of the hydrophones), SOSUS also picked up sounds channeled through specific conditions of state (i.e., pressure, temperature) or salinity that create channels though which sound waves propagate over long distances with minimal resistance and minimal loss of strength. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Sound waves can be trapped effectively in SOFAR channels and propagate with little loss of energy over distances in excess of 15,500 miles (25,0000 km). (encyclopedia.com)
  • In general, the speed of sound depends upon the medium through which the sound waves propagate and the properties of the medium (e.g., state, temperature, pressure, salinity, etc. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Human ear' audible sound pressure levels range from 20 μPa ( hearing threshold ) till 20 Pa (pain threshold), resulting in the scale 1:10,000,000. (europa.eu)
  • Some of the main features of the sound driver are: multichannel audio, per-application volume control, dynamic mixing through virtual sound channels, true full duplex operation, bit perfect audio, rate conversion and low latency modes. (freebsd.org)
  • True full duplex operation is available on most sound cards. (freebsd.org)
  • Ask your child how the sound differs between each stilt? (scholastic.com)
  • The first game I've produced music for was Hakidame: Trash, produced by Zero (a brand of Visual Art's), released in February 1999, where they were credited as I've Sound. (wikipedia.org)
  • By investigating the complex relationship between sound engineering and popular music, she reveals the increasing reliance on technological intervention in the creation as well as in the reception of music. (jhu.edu)
  • NPR's Lost & Found Sound series explores newly discovered audio and music sessions, home audio, and listener submitted sounds and interviews. (npr.org)
  • Viewers may take it for granted that period films contain more than period music, but composers walk a careful line in balancing the sound of 18th-century England, for example, with more modern, complex melodies. (variety.com)
  • Recording and mixing sound for radio, TV, music, and film is a complex business. (adobe.com)
  • A flexible interface allows you to easily clean up sound, mix music tracks, create audio effects, and apply dynamic filters. (adobe.com)
  • Currently living in Hong Kong, music by Salt of the Sound has been widely played on media platforms around the world, from Swedish TV to BBC radio, and has also been featured in campaigns by international brands including UNICEF, Siemens, and TEDx. (spotify.com)
  • In addition to the Seaport Music Festival and 4Knots which both happen this summer on Pier 17, I'm happy to report that the Sound Bites Series (which I curate, shameless plug) will return for its fourth year at the Seaport's Fulton Stall Market every Sunday afternoon in August . (brooklynvegan.com)
  • BBC Sounds Homepage - Music. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Are the sounds of MP3s the music we like to hear most? (oreilly.com)
  • In other words, students prefer the quality of that kind of sound over the sound of music of much higher quality. (oreilly.com)
  • He said that they seemed to prefer "sizzle sounds" that MP3s bring to music. (oreilly.com)
  • Listening to music on your iPod is not about the sound quality of the music, and it's more than the convenience of listening to music on the move. (oreilly.com)
  • Enjoy clear sound with no worry about music signal interference from obstructions. (panasonic.com)
  • The Marina Bay Sands' MasterCard Theatre comes alive with the sound of music. (timeout.com)
  • [2] An audio engineer , on the other hand, is concerned with the recording, manipulation, mixing, and reproduction of sound. (wikipedia.org)
  • Each bridge de- vice driver supports a specific set of audio chipsets and needs to be en- abled together with the sound driver. (freebsd.org)
  • The sound driver provides support for PCM audio play and capture. (freebsd.org)
  • This driver also supports various PCI, ISA, WSS/MSS compatible sound cards, AC97 mixer and High Definition Audio. (freebsd.org)
  • Once the sound driver attaches, supported devices provide audio record and playback channels. (freebsd.org)
  • Subscribe to the RSS feed of never before played audio and sounds. (npr.org)
  • The audio file is of the sounds that were picked up by the microphone used by the scientists. (angelfire.com)
  • The audio file is posted here to demonstrate to the listeners the sounds of anguish and horror and terror which the Father said He hears on a daily basis. (angelfire.com)
  • Diffraction of sound is helpful in the case of audio systems, in which sound emanating from loudspeakers spreads out and reflects off of walls to fill a room. (britannica.com)
  • Make anything sound better with the top-of-the-line audio enhancements and effects tools in Adobe Audition. (adobe.com)
  • Create professional sound quality for your projects with the best tools, effects, and apps for audio production. (adobe.com)
  • Repair the audio from your audio recorder, unify sound levels, and add special effects with simple controls for impressive, quick results. (adobe.com)
  • Sound card Xonar DG mengkombinasikan Dolby Headphone 5.1 high definition surround dengan engine audio gaming GX 2.5 dan amplifier headset on-board. (asus.com)
  • Hasilnya adalah audio yang akurat dan mendalam yang menghadirkan setiap nuansa dan suara sekitarnya lebih terasa sepenuhnya sehingga menjadikan Xonar DG terbaru ini sebagai sound card ideal bagi para gamer yang ingin bermain waspada terhadap setiap lingkungan game yang ada. (asus.com)
  • On the downside, the iMainGo suffers from common drawbacks of compact speaker systems: If you turn up the volume all the way, audio is badly distorted, and since the speakers are close together, it's difficult to notice any stereo separation, so you're not going to get "real" stereo sound. (macworld.com)
  • The iMainGo X takes what worked in previous iMainGo products-a protective, zippered speaker case with good sound quality-and makes it better with a rechargeable battery, and headphone and audio-in jacks. (macworld.com)
  • Choose the device (sound card) which should be used for grabbing audio input using AudioIn. (processing.org)
  • The book follows the audio signal path from the mix console to the audience and provides comprehensive information as to how the sound is spread over the listening area. (oreilly.com)
  • It's like an external sound card that's compatible with PS4, PC and Mac and has the added bonus of harboring SXFI, Creative's audio technology that simulates 3D sound in a pair of stereo headphones. (techradar.com)
  • The reel of tape inside an audio cassette stores sound as a pattern of magnetic pulses laid out along its length. (factmonster.com)
  • It provides morphed metallic instruments, percussive sounds, atmospheric soundscapes, pads and tempo-synced audio loops. (ableton.com)
  • SOUND FORGE Pro has been the standard in audio editing for artists, producers, sound engineers, and mastering engineers for several generations. (magix.com)
  • Record, edit and restore audio with exceptional audio quality using SOUND FORGE Pro. (magix.com)
  • Äänen helppo digitointi, puhdistus ja restaurointi: huolella valitut esiasetukset ja käytännölliset, yhdellä klikkauksella suoritettavat toiminnot tekevät SOUND FORGE Audio Cleaning Lab 3 -ohjelmasta täydellisen työkalun juuri tähän käyttötarkoitukseen. (magix.com)
  • It is so easy to get my students to start understanding the important skills needed for audio restoration by using the amazing and highly affordable SOUND FORGE Audio Cleaning Lab. (magix.com)
  • SOUND FORGE fixe les normes de la production audio numérique depuis plus de 20 ans déjà. (magix.com)
  • Des outils d'édition performants, un traitement extrêmement rapide et des flux de travail innovants : telles sont les caractéristiques des éditeurs audio SOUND FORGE. (magix.com)
  • La sélection de préréglages et les solutions pratiques utilisables en 1 clic font de SOUND FORGE Audio Cleaning Lab 3 le meilleur outil pour numériser, nettoyer et restaurer des contenus audio en toute simplicité. (magix.com)
  • You'll listen to very quiet noises for a certain period every day and build up gradually to louder sounds. (webmd.com)
  • Digitally recorded sounds are not affected by background noises. (factmonster.com)
  • Sound waves above 20 kHz are known as ultrasound and are not audible to humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is also sound that cannot be heard, however: infrasound, below the range of human hearing, and ultrasound, above the range of human hearing. (howstuffworks.com)
  • These two physical causes combine to produce the classical attenuation of a sound wave. (britannica.com)
  • Attenuation of sound in air also varies with temperature and humidity. (britannica.com)
  • For instance, the great range over which certain sea mammals can communicate is made possible partially by the low attenuation of sound in water . (britannica.com)
  • Describe a sound you can hear, or remember hearing, in the city of Albany. (google.com)
  • The SLP will listen to your child to hear how he says sounds. (asha.org)
  • Normally, you hear these sounds at safe levels that don't affect hearing. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A 3,000-hertz tone of 0 dB is the softest sound that a normal human ear can hear. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Pitch is the degree of highness or lowness of a sound as we hear it. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Let the listeners go to the throne room of God, and hear His voice, for He will tell you that this is the sound He hears, just as He told us. (angelfire.com)
  • your clinician can also hear that sound through a stethoscope. (amazonaws.com)
  • The effect of written and physical sound is affected by the organisms ability to hear it. (conservapedia.com)
  • Before buying your tickets, be aware: the "sound" you will hear is very poor! (timeout.com)
  • For a group of Barrington High School students, that deep, pounding sound is exactly what they expect to hear from boxes they are making to house subwoofers, a kind of speaker that enhances lower bass sounds. (chicagotribune.com)
  • device sound DESCRIPTION The sound driver is the main component of the FreeBSD sound system. (freebsd.org)
  • VPC FreeBSD supports independent and individual volume controls for each ac- tive application, without touching the master sound volume. (freebsd.org)
  • Singing whales are usually solitary males who exhibit it in a shallow smooth-bottomed area where sound propagates well. (gsu.edu)
  • The scattering of a sound wave is a reflection of some part of the wave off of an obstacle around which the rest of the wave propagates and diffracts. (britannica.com)
  • Numérisez vos anciens vinyles ou cassettes, enregistrez des podcasts, préparez votre CD en vue d'une reproduction et créez des bandes-son pour vos vidéos. (magix.com)
  • And, of course, pandering to the market has influence here: If you are a sound engineer mixing for a mass market, these days, you'll tend to assume crappy reproduction environment for your target audience and you'll mix accordingly, with lots of brutal compression and tricks to give the vague illusion of real bass. (oreilly.com)
  • The behavior of sound propagation is generally affected by three things: A complex relationship between the density and pressure of the medium. (wikipedia.org)
  • These terms, as well as others used in discussing sound, are best understood through an examination of sound waves and their behavior. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Voices and acoustic instruments are used to create a calm, supportive atmosphere where the client's body can respond instinctively to the natural sounds made by the sound healer. (google.com)
  • It also makes voices sound like they're coming from the centre of the screen. (panasonic.com)
  • D. Movement and feeding sounds of insects in wood. (usda.gov)
  • Cicadas , which emit the loudest sounds known from insects, do so by means of a pair of membranous organs (timbal organs) at the base of the abdomen. (britannica.com)
  • The NIOSH Sound Level Meter app has many important features, it provides a readout of the sound level using the built-in microphone (or external microphone if used) and reports the instantaneous sound level in A, C, or Z-weighted decibels. (cdc.gov)
  • The NIOSH Sound Level Meter app has met the requirements of IEC 61672:3 (Periodic Testing) sound level meter standard when used with external calibrated microphone. (cdc.gov)
  • Why did NIOSH develop a Sound Level Meter app? (cdc.gov)
  • In air at atmospheric pressure, these represent sound waves with wavelengths of 17 meters (56 ft) to 1.7 centimetres (0.67 in). (wikipedia.org)
  • The wavelengths of sound waves, on the other hand, are more nearly equal to the size of everyday objects, so that they readily diffract. (britannica.com)
  • Josh Aronson's "Sound and Fury," as illuminating and comprehensive as it is heart-wrenching, is an example of what the documentary can accomplish at its most vital and engaging. (latimes.com)
  • Sound and Fury" has got to be a consciousness-raiser for one and all, but it has special meaning and impact for those of us who have firsthand experience with deafness in the family. (latimes.com)
  • The challenge "Sound and Fury" illuminates so thoroughly is for all the institutions and professionals involved in dealing with the hearing-impaired to join in creating a climate in which deaf parents can feel secure that permitting cochlear implants for their children does not mean that they will lose them. (latimes.com)
  • Sound and Fury" ends on an encouraging note: The National Assn. of the Deaf is reconsidering its negative stand on the implants. (latimes.com)
  • Sound Objects Lite is a collection of sampled percussive and bowed objects chosen for their complex and unusual harmonics. (ableton.com)
  • The sawtooth wave is made up of all harmonics and has a very bright and rich sound. (etsy.com)
  • Hyperacusis is a hearing disorder that makes it hard to deal with everyday sounds. (webmd.com)
  • If you have hyperacusis, you might be tempted to use earplugs to muffle sound or stay away from social situations where there might be the kinds of sounds that bother you. (webmd.com)
  • Our goal is to replicate and extend some of the most intriguing findings in the auditory literature that have suggested musical training can improve the neural processing and perception of sound. (google.com)
  • Bottlenose dolphins produce sounds in the range 7 to 15 kHz which are continuously variable in pitch. (gsu.edu)
  • Ultrasonic sound can be produced by transducers which operate either by the piezoelectric effect or the magnetostrictive effect . (gsu.edu)
  • For details on how to operate your Sound Bar system, refer to its operating instructions. (sony.com)
  • This relationship, affected by temperature, determines the speed of sound within the medium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Within the ocean, the speed of sound varies with changes in temperature and pressure. (encyclopedia.com)
  • When a temperature gradient exists (e.g., a temperature decrease with increasing depth), the resulting thermocline shows a characteristic decrease in the speed of sound with decreasing temperature. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Specific combinations of temperature, pressure, and salinity may act to create "shadow zones" that are resistant to the propagation of sound waves or that act as reflectors of sound waves. (encyclopedia.com)
  • If you can live with 70 to 72 °C core temperature during a stress test, the sound level drops to a mere 33.5 dB(A). That's barely audible. (tomshardware.com)
  • Hazardous sound levels are louder than 80 decibels. (medlineplus.gov)
  • That's because when you eventually take out your earplugs or go into a social setting, the sounds can seem even louder. (webmd.com)
  • The higher the compression (or sound wave), the louder the sound. (conservapedia.com)
  • For example, when two equivalent waves are in phase, they occur at the same time and add to each other causing the sound to be louder, but when the equivalent waves are out of phase or in between each other they cancel each other out and there is silence. (conservapedia.com)
  • A sound ten times stronger is ten decibels louder, 100 times as intense is 20 decibels louder, and 1,000 times more intence is only 30 dedibels louder, because of the ear's protective mechinism. (conservapedia.com)
  • Sound quality, also called timbre, is a characteristic of musical sounds. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Table 5 gives sound-absorption coefficients for several gases. (britannica.com)
  • An analytical model is used to predict the sound transmission loss and random incidence sound absorption of attenuators, absorbers and sandwich insulation systems. (sae.org)
  • We lowered a microphone, designed to detect the sounds of plate movements down the shaft. (angelfire.com)
  • Humans detect sound waves through their ears . (conservapedia.com)
  • The Creative Sound Blaster X3 came out in 2019 at $119 (£109, AU$179) - right around the cost of an internal sound card, but with the added bonus of being compatible with most major game consoles. (techradar.com)
  • In the logarithmic scale the range of human ear's audible sounds is from 0 dB SPL (hearing threshold) to 120-140 dB SPL (pain threshold) (see table 1 below). (europa.eu)
  • The Sound Bites Series (which I curate) kicked off Sunday (8/4) at South Street Seaport with Brooklyn indie poppers Grand Resort. (brooklynvegan.com)
  • This year's Sound Bites Series at the Fulton Stall Market wrapped up Sunday (8/26) with a set from Ski Lodge . (brooklynvegan.com)
  • Sunday (8/19) was the third installment of this year's Sound Bites Series (that I curate, full disclosure) that happened down at Fulton Stall Market. (brooklynvegan.com)
  • Eternal Summers will be here this weekened playing the curated-by-me Sound Bites Series on Sunday (8/12) afternoon at the Fulton Stall Market . (brooklynvegan.com)
  • Brooklyn's Habibi kicked off the 2012 Sound Bites Series down at Fullton Stall Markets on Sunday afternoon (8/5). (brooklynvegan.com)
  • Habibi, Eternal Summers, Caged Animals and Ski Lodge will be this year's lineup for the third Sound Bites series which will take place Sunday afternoons in August at the Fulton Stall Market by South Street Seaport. (brooklynvegan.com)
  • If you're sensitive to sound, please bring earplugs. (google.com)
  • Sound waves below 20 Hz are known as infrasound . (wikipedia.org)
  • A direct result of Huygens' wavelets is the property of diffraction, the capacity of sound waves to bend around corners and to spread out after passing through a small hole or slit. (britannica.com)
  • Sound medium is a substance in which sound waves travel. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Sound waves travel through the ear canal to the middle and inner ear, where hair cells in part of the cochlea help transform sound waves into electrical signals that then travel to the brain's auditory cortex via the auditory nerve. (amazonaws.com)
  • A drum produces sound via a vibrating membrane . (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, when the head of a drum is hit with a mallet, the drumhead vibrates and produces sound waves. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The vibrating drumhead produces sound waves because it moves alternately outward and inward, pushing against, then moving away from, the air next to it. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Sound waves may be "viewed" using parabolic mirrors and objects that produce sound. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although physicists had known for 50 years that under some conditions concentrated sound could produce flashes of light, it wasn't until a few years ago that Putterman's group put the topic back in the scientific forefront. (latimes.com)
  • Injecting a tiny drop of air into pure water to produce a single bubble resonating with sound waves, they found to everyone's surprise that the flashes lasted for less than a trillionth of a second and repeated with clockwork precision up to 30,000 times a second. (latimes.com)
  • Many fishes produce sounds by moving bones or teeth against each other, sometimes with the swim bladder acting as a resonating cavity. (britannica.com)
  • When they strike the ear, these waves produce the sensation of sound. (howstuffworks.com)
  • A vibrating object will produce sound waves in the air. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Collaborate efficiently with Adobe Creative Cloud integration and produce awesome sound. (adobe.com)
  • Further, the team speculated, the animals may have used the balloonlike structural chamber that shaped their bizarre jaws to produce sound. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Our bodies normally produce sounds (called somatic sounds) that we usually don't notice because we are listening to external sounds. (amazonaws.com)
  • Sounds are termed vocal when produced in the respiratory system and mechanical when produced by mutual contact of body parts or by contact with some element in the environment . (britannica.com)
  • Many animals possess special structures for producing mechanical sounds. (britannica.com)
  • In the vertebrates many means of mechanical sound production exist. (britannica.com)
  • Technically, sound is defined as a mechanical disturbance traveling through an elastic medium-a material that tends to return to its original condition after being deformed. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Most people who seek medical help for tinnitus experience it as subjective, constant sound, and most have some degree of hearing loss. (amazonaws.com)
  • Sound is transmitted through gases, plasma, and liquids as longitudinal waves, also called compression waves. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 2.1-channel Speaker gives you clear dialogues, but the 3.1-channel Speaker makes them even clearer and sharper, and also enhances sound localisation. (panasonic.com)
  • Sonoluminescence literally means "sound into light," and the mysterious phenomenon serves as a central plot device in the film, in which Keanu Reeves plays a student who stumbles upon a limitless source of energy. (latimes.com)
  • Misophonia, which literally means 'hatred of sounds,' while not yet officially recognized as a distinct psychiatric disorder in medical literature, is a source of great distress and sometimes debilitation in its sufferers. (medicinenet.com)
  • Fortunately, there are two ways in which we can record sounds and later reproduce them (play them back). (factmonster.com)
  • Xonar AE is a PCIe gaming sound card built with high-quality components to satisfy gamers who demand exceptional sound for the best gaming and multimedia experiences. (asus.com)
  • Commitment to full service banking, investments, wealth management, mortgage lending, exceptional service, and Sound Advice has positioned First National Bank and Trust Company as a Stateline leader in the industry. (prweb.com)
  • Flaws in this set's sound quality are introduced by nothing more than the utilization of sub-par ear pads. (tomshardware.com)
  • On a related note, a friend commented recently that she doesn't understand why people put up with such poor sound quality for phone calls on cell phones, and particularly iPhones. (oreilly.com)
  • A Multi-Positional Speaker with the High Sound Quality Technology of a 3.1 Channel System, Bluetooth® Wireless Playback, and three HDMI Inputs. (panasonic.com)
  • The result is high quality sound with a full surround effect that rivals that of a real Home Theatre System. (panasonic.com)
  • Most of the students plan to use the subwoofer to boost their home entertainment systems, especially to achieve theater-quality sound. (chicagotribune.com)