Polyphenolic compounds with molecular weights of around 500-3000 daltons and containing enough hydroxyl groups (1-2 per 100 MW) for effective cross linking of other compounds (ASTRINGENTS). The two main types are HYDROLYZABLE TANNINS and CONDENSED TANNINS. Historically, the term has applied to many compounds and plant extracts able to render skin COLLAGEN impervious to degradation. The word tannin derives from the Celtic word for OAK TREE which was used for leather processing.
Chromosomes, Artificial, Bacterial
Evidence for an evolutionarily conserved interaction between cell wall biosynthesis and flowering in maize and sorghum. (1/294)BACKGROUND: Factors that affect flowering vary among different plant species, and in the grasses in particular the exact mechanism behind this transition is not fully understood. The brown midrib (bm) mutants of maize (Zea mays L.), which have altered cell wall composition, have different flowering dynamics compared to their wild-type counterparts. This is indicative of a link between cell wall biogenesis and flowering. In order to test whether this relationship also exists in other grasses, the flowering dynamics in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) were investigated. Sorghum is evolutionarily closely related to maize, and a set of brown midrib (bmr) mutants similar to the maize bm mutants is available, making sorghum a suitable choice for study in this context. RESULTS: We compared the flowering time (time to half-bloom) of several different bmr sorghum lines and their wild-type counterparts. This revealed that the relationship between cell wall composition and flowering was conserved in sorghum. Specifically, the mutant bmr7 flowered significantly earlier than the corresponding wild-type control, whereas the mutants bmr2, bmr4, bmr6, bmr12, and bmr19 flowered later than their wild-type controls. CONCLUSION: The change in flowering dynamics in several of the brown midrib sorghum lines provides evidence for an evolutionarily conserved mechanism that links cell wall biosynthesis to flowering dynamics. The availability of the sorghum bmr mutants expands the germplasm available to investigate this relationship in further detail. (+info)
Conservation and diversity of gene families explored using the CODEHOP strategy in higher plants. (2/294)BACKGROUND: Availability of genomewide information on an increasing but still limited number of plants offers the possibility of identifying orthologues, or related genes, in species with major economical impact and complex genomes. In this paper we exploit the recently described CODEHOP primer design and PCR strategy for targeted isolation of homologues in large gene families. RESULTS: The method was tested with two different objectives. The first was to analyze the evolution of the CYP98 family of cytochrome P450 genes involved in 3-hydroxylation of phenolic compounds and lignification in a broad range of plant species. The second was to isolate an orthologue of the sorghum glucosyl transferase UGT85B1 and to determine the complexity of the UGT85 family in wheat. P450s of the CYP98 family or closely related sequences were found in all vascular plants. No related sequence was found in moss. Neither extensive duplication of the CYP98 genes nor an orthologue of UGT85B1 were found in wheat. The UGT85A subfamily was however found to be highly variable in wheat. CONCLUSIONS: Our data are in agreement with the implication of CYP98s in lignification and the evolution of 3-hydroxylation of lignin precursors with vascular plants. High conservation of the CYP98 family strongly argues in favour of an essential function in plant development. Conversely, high duplication and diversification of the UGT85A gene family in wheat suggests its involvement in adaptative response and provides a valuable pool of genes for biotechnological applications. This work demonstrates the high potential of the CODEHOP strategy for the exploration of large gene families in plants. (+info)
A high-density genetic recombination map of sequence-tagged sites for sorghum, as a framework for comparative structural and evolutionary genomics of tropical grains and grasses. (3/294)We report a genetic recombination map for Sorghum of 2512 loci spaced at average 0.4 cM ( approximately 300 kb) intervals based on 2050 RFLP probes, including 865 heterologous probes that foster comparative genomics of Saccharum (sugarcane), Zea (maize), Oryza (rice), Pennisetum (millet, buffelgrass), the Triticeae (wheat, barley, oat, rye), and Arabidopsis. Mapped loci identify 61.5% of the recombination events in this progeny set and reveal strong positive crossover interference acting across intervals of +info)
A complex history of rearrangement in an orthologous region of the maize, sorghum, and rice genomes. (4/294)The sequences of large insert clones containing genomic DNA that is orthologous to the maize adh1 region were obtained for sorghum, rice, and the adh1-homoeologous region of maize, a remnant of the tetraploid history of the Zea lineage. By using all four genomes, it was possible to describe the nature, timing, and lineages of most of the genic rearrangements that have differentiated this chromosome segment over the last 60 million years. The rice genome has been the most stable, sharing 11 orthologous genes with sorghum and exhibiting only one tandem duplication of a gene in this region. The lineage that gave rise to sorghum and maize acquired a two-gene insertion (containing the adh locus), whereas sorghum received two additional gene insertions after its divergence from a common ancestor with maize. The two homoeologous regions of maize have been particularly unstable, with complete or partial deletion of three genes from one segment and four genes from the other segment. As a result, the region now contains only one duplicated locus compared with the eight original loci that were present in each diploid progenitor. Deletion of these maize genes did not remove both copies of any locus. This study suggests that grass genomes are generally unstable in local genome organization and gene content, but that some lineages are much more unstable than others. Maize, probably because of its polyploid origin, has exhibited extensive gene loss so that it is now approaching a diploid state. (+info)
Transcriptional regulation of sorghum defense determinants against a phloem-feeding aphid. (5/294)When attacked by a phloem-feeding greenbug aphid (Schizaphis graminum), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) activates jasmonic acid (JA)- and salicylic acid (SA)-regulated genes, as well as genes outside known wounding and SA signaling pathways. A collection of 672 cDNAs was obtained by differential subtraction with cDNAs prepared from sorghum seedlings infested by greenbug aphids and those from uninfested seedlings. Subsequent expression profiling using DNA microarray and northern-blot analyses identified 82 transcript types from this collection responsive to greenbug feeding, methyl jasmonate (MeJA), or SA application. DNA sequencing analyses indicated that these encoded proteins functioning in direct defense, defense signaling, oxidative burst, secondary metabolism, abiotic stress, cell maintenance, and photosynthesis, as well as proteins of unknown function. In response to insect feeding, sorghum increased transcript abundance of numerous defense genes, with some SA-dependent pathogenesis-related genes responding to greenbug more strongly than to SA. In contrast, only weak induction of MeJA-regulated defense genes was observed after greenbug treatment. However, infestation tests confirmed that JA-regulated pathways were effective in plant defense against greenbugs. Activation of certain transcripts exclusively by greenbug infestation was observed, and may represent unique signal transduction events independent of JA- and SA-regulated pathways. Results indicate that plants coordinately regulate defense gene expression when attacked by phloem-feeding aphids, but also suggest that aphids are able to avoid triggering activation of some otherwise potentially effective plant defensive machinery, possibly through their particular mode of feeding. (+info)
Molecular evolution of the phytochrome gene family in sorghum: changing rates of synonymous and replacement evolution. (6/294)The photoreceptor phytochromes, encoded by a small gene family, are responsible for controlling the expression of a number of light-responsive genes and photomorphogenic events, including agronomically important phenotypes such as flowering time and shade-avoidance behavior. The understanding and control of flowering time are particularly important goals in sorghum cultivar development for diverse environments, and naturally occurring variation in the phytochrome genes might prove useful in breeding programs. Also of interest is whether variation observed at the phytochrome loci in domesticated sorghum, or in particular races, is a result of human selection. Population genetic studies can reveal evidence of such selection in patterns of polymorphism and divergence. In this study we report a population genetic analysis of the PHY gene family in Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench in a diverse panel including both cultivated and wild accessions. We show that the level of nucleotide variation in all gene family members is about half the average for this species, consistent with purifying selection acting on these loci. However, the rate of amino acid substitution is accelerated at PHYC compared to the other two loci. In comparisons to a closely related sorghum species, PHYC shows a pattern of intermediate frequency amino acid changes that differ from the patterns observed in comparisons across longer evolutionary distances. There is also a departure from expected patterns of polymorphism and divergence at synonymous sites in PHYC, although the data do not fit a simple model of directional or diversifying selection. Cultivated sorghum has a level of variation similar to that of wild relatives (ssp. verticilliflorum), but many polymorphisms are subspecies-specific, including several amino acid variants. (+info)
Structural determinants of substrate specificity in family 1 beta-glucosidases: novel insights from the crystal structure of sorghum dhurrinase-1, a plant beta-glucosidase with strict specificity, in complex with its natural substrate. (7/294)Plant beta-glucosidases play a crucial role in defense against pests. They cleave, with variable specificity, beta-glucosides to release toxic aglycone moieties. The Sorghum bicolor beta-glucosidase isoenzyme Dhr1 has a strict specificity for its natural substrate dhurrin (p-hydroxy-(S)-mandelonitrile-beta-D-glucoside), whereas its close homolog, the maize beta-glucosidase isoenzyme Glu1, which shares 72% sequence identity, hydrolyzes a broad spectrum of substrates in addition to its natural substrate 2-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-4-hydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4-benzoxaxin-3-one. Structural data from enzyme.substrate complexes of Dhr1 show that the mode of aglycone binding differs from that previously observed in the homologous maize enzyme. Specifically, the data suggest that Asn(259), Phe(261), and Ser(462), located in the aglycone-binding site of S. bicolor Dhr1, are crucial for aglycone recognition and binding. The tight binding of the aglycone moiety of dhurrin promotes the stabilization of the reaction intermediate in which the glycone moiety is in a deformed (1)S(3) conformation within the glycone-binding site, ready for nucleophilic attack to occur. Compared with the broad specificity maize beta-glucosidase, this different binding mode explains the narrow specificity of sorghum dhurrinase-1. (+info)
Ancient polyploidization predating divergence of the cereals, and its consequences for comparative genomics. (8/294)Integration of structural genomic data from a largely assembled rice genome sequence, with phylogenetic analysis of sequence samples for many other taxa, suggests that a polyploidization event occurred approximately 70 million years ago, before the divergence of the major cereals from one another but after the divergence of the Poales from the Liliales and Zingiberales. Ancient polyploidization and subsequent "diploidization" (loss) of many duplicated gene copies has thus shaped the genomes of all Poaceae cereal, forage, and biomass crops. The Poaceae appear to have evolved as separate lineages for approximately 50 million years, or two-thirds of the time since the duplication event. Chromosomes that are predicted to be homoeologs resulting from this ancient duplication event account for a disproportionate share of incongruent loci found by comparison of the rice sequence to a detailed sorghum sequence-tagged site-based genetic map. Differential gene loss during diploidization may have contributed many of these incongruities. Such predicted homoeologs also account for a disproportionate share of duplicated sorghum loci, further supporting the hypothesis that the polyploidization event was common to sorghum and rice. Comparative gene orders along paleo-homoeologous chromosomal segments provide a means to make phylogenetic inferences about chromosome structural rearrangements that differentiate among the grasses. Superimposition of the timing of major duplication events on taxonomic relationships leads to improved understanding of comparative gene orders, enhancing the value of data from botanical models for crop improvement and for further exploration of genomic biodiversity. Additional ancient duplication events probably remain to be discovered in other angiosperm lineages. (+info)
Magiran | Effects of ethephon on growth and yield of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) at different growth stages
There is little information about the effects of ethephon ripening hormone on the yield of sweet sorghum in Thailand. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the impact of ethephon hormone applied at different growth stages of three cultivars of sweet sorghum on its growth and yield. The experiment was conducted from December 2016 to May 2017 at a research plot of the Faculty of Agricultural Technology, King Mongkuts Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand. The experiment was designed as a split-plot design with three replications. Three sweet sorghum cultivars (Ethanol 2, KKU 40, and Cowley) were planted in the main plot. Ethephon was applied at five stages of growth of these cultivars: heading stage, panicle stage, milking stage, dough stage, harvesting stage. Ethephon applications at those stages and untreated control were the subplots. Results showed that Ethanol 2 cultivar exhibited a higher growth rate, plant height, stem diameter, grain yield, stem fresh weight, and yield, juice
IDEALS @ Illinois: Sweet sorghum diversity, genetics, and breeding
Sweet sorghum is characterized by high sugar content and high biomass and is of growing interest to the biofuel industry. For sweet sorghum to be successfully used for bioenergy production, genetic relationships and diversity within sweet sorghums should be better understood, genetic and physiological mechanisms that distinguish sweet from non-sweet sorghums need to be characterized, and higher-yielding sweet sorghum female lines are needed to create sweet hybrids with higher sugar yields. Each of these needs is addressed in a separate chapter of this thesis. The first chapter describes the characterization of genetic differences among sweet sorghum cultivars and diverse landraces of sorghum. Genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) was conducted on more than 700 sorghum lines to generate genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data and assess population genetic differences between groups. The genomic region of highest genetic differentiation (FST) between sweet and landrace sorghums contains a ...
Managing sweet sorghum for optimum ethanol yield in Missouri
Sweet sorghum has the potential in Missouri for production as a biofuel feedstock, but little is known of the crops yields and appropriate nitrogen management for optimizing ethanol yields. This thesis is a collection of three field studies examining the potential for sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) to be adopted as a biofuel feedstock for ethanol production in the Midwestern U.S. Limited research exists examining the optimum nitrogen fertilizer rate for maximum ethanol yields as well as sweet sorghums adaptability to the lower Midwestern states. The first study included testing the effects of five N fertilizer rates (0, 56, 112, 168, 224 kg-N ha-1 ) on the production of two sweet sorghum cultivars (Dale and Top 76-6) over three years in central Missouri. Yields measured included dry matter, stem juice, Brix, fermentable sugar, theoretical juice ethanol, theoretical lignocellulosic ethanol, and total theoretical ethanol. N fertilizer treatment mostly increased yields, as total dry ...
Full utilization of sweet sorghum for biofuel production
Sweet sorghum accumulates high concentrations of fermentable sugars in the stem, produces significant amount of starch in the grain (panicle) and has shown to be a promising energy feedstock. Sweet sorghum has a short growing season so adding it to the sugar cane system would be good. The overall goal of this dissertation is to enhance the attractiveness of biofuel production from sweet sorghum to fully utilize fermentable sugars in the juice, starch in the panicle and structural carbohydrates in the stalk for high efficiency and low-cost ethanol production. Sweet sorghum juice was incorporated into the dry-grind process which achieved 28% increase of ethanol yield compared to the conventional ethanol method and decreased enzymatic hydrolysis time by 30 minutes. A very high gravity fermentation technique was applied using sweet sorghum juice and sorghum grain yielded 20.25% (v/v) of ethanol and 96% fermentation efficiency. Response surface methodology was applied in order to optimize diffusion ...
Milo, Grain Sorghum | Grain Crops
Milo or grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is adapted for Kentucky but is not widely grown. Grain sorghum is an option for fields that tend to dry slowly in the spring and require later planting dates that are more suited to sorghum than to corn. Grain sorghum is more drought tolerant than either corn or soybean, making it a viable option for fields that are prone to drought. Grain sorghum uses less nitrogen than corn and will produce similar yields to corn on marginal soils. Some people are interested in sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) which is the same species as grain sorghum, but a different growth type. With sweet sorghum, the sap is extracted from the stalks of the plants and that sap is refined into sorghum syrup. For more information on sweet sorghum, click here.. ...
ETHANOL FERMENTATION ABILITY OF EIGHT Saccharomyces cerevisiae STRAINS IN THE JUICE EXTRACTED FROM THREE SWEET SORGHUM...
The ability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to ferment sweet-stalk sorghum juice depend on the strains of the yeast and sweet sorghum cultivars used in the fermentation process. This research was aimed to evaluate the ethanol production capability of eight yeast strains using sweet-stalk sorghum juice from three sweet sorghum cultivars as a source.. Yeast strains used for ethanol fermentation were OUT 7009, 7027, 7096, 7055, 7921, 7080, and 7903. Sweet-stalk sorghum juice extracted from three cultivars of sweet sorghum (FS501, FS902 and KCS105) with addition of 4,60 g/l (NH4)2SO4 and 0,45 g/l KH2P04 were used to observe the growth and fermentation ability of the yeast strains in batch culture. Yeast extract peptone dextrose (YEPD) broth were used as a standard medium for aerobic growth of the yeast strains. The sugar brix content of the sweet-stalk sorghum juice were measured using refractometer (ASONE, Spittz IPR-101α) and the sugar profile were evaluated by HPLC. Yeast specific growth rates were ...
Association analysis of photoperiodic flowering time genes in west and central African sorghum [ Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] |...
Background Photoperiod-sensitive flowering is a key adaptive trait for sorghum ( Sorghum bicolor) in West and Central Africa. In this study we performed an association analysis to investigate the...
Genetic variation in lowland sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) landraces assessed by simple sequence repeats - GOV.UK
The regions of north-eastern Ethiopia are known for their high levels of sorghum genetic diversity, and for being drought prone. For centuries, sorghum has been developed and maintained by farmers for its adaptation to the marginal and heterogeneous environment of these regions. The objective of this study was to examine the genetic diversity and population structure of 200 sorghum landraces collected from seven lowland districts, using 30 microsatellite markers sampled from all linkage groups of the sorghum genome. Both distance-based and model-based analytical approaches were used to analyse the data. The data analysis revealed that there was a large variation among all the markers under study. The values of polymorphic information content ranged from 0.26 to 0.88, with a mean value of 0.61, reflecting the high discriminating ability of the markers studied. The mean value of total gene diversity was 0.69, which partitioned 86% among the landraces and 14% within the landraces. Gene diversity ...
Sorghum Seeds in Hyderabad,Sorghum Seeds Manufacturers and Suppliers from india
Business Directory for Sorghum Seeds Suppliers in Hyderabad - Get contact details of Sorghum Seeds Manufacturers, Wholesale Sorghum Seeds Exporters, Best Sorghum Seeds Traders & Distributors Across the Hyderabad.
Comparison of sweet sorghum and cassava for ethanol production by using saccharomyces cerevisiae - IIUM Repository (IRep)
The two-step enzymatic hydrolysis of sweet sorghum and cassava were performed by commercially available α-amylase and glucoamylase and further ethanol fermentation of the obtained hydrolyzates by Saccharomyces cerevisiae were studied. For both sweet sorghum and cassava, the hydrolysis and fermentation were done in a 2 L stirred tank bioreactor, B-Braun fermenter, by using the same conditions. The amount of glucose obtained after hydrolysis process was greater in sweet sorghum compared to cassava, which are 50.07 and 40.00 g L-1, respectively. Also, sweet sorghum gave higher ethanol concentration than cassava at the 64 h of fermentation process, which are 40.11 and 34.07 g L-1, respectively.. ...
Home - Sorghum bicolor
Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is one of the worlds leading cereal crops, providing food, feed, fiber, fuel, and chemical/biofuels feed-stocks across a range of environments and production systems. Its remarkable ability to produce a crop under adverse conditions, in particular with much less water than most other grain crops, makes sorghum an important failsafe source of food, feed, fiber, and fuel in the global agroecosystem. Sorghum is especially important in areas such as Northeast Africa and the US Southern Plains that often receive too little rainfall for most other grains.. Sorghum is a biofuel crop of growing importance, currently the #2 crop used in US ethanol production. Its lower water demands and market price than alternatives such as maize, versus their similar per-bushel ethanol yields, suggests that sorghum will be of growing importance in meeting US biofuels needs. Progress in understanding the genetic control of perenniality in sorghum makes it promising as a ...
Distinguishing of Stable Genotypes and Mega Environment for Grain Yield Performance of Sorghum [|i|Sorghum bicolor|/i| (L.)...
Sorghum is a staple food crop in Ethiopia and its production is mainly constrained by drought, other environmental factors, and the use of low-yielding, local sorghum varieties. To improve sorghum productivity, it is crucial to provide farmers with high yielding, stable sorghum cultivars that are tolerant to drought and other constraints. The stable performance of sorghum varieties in a growing region is critical to obtain a high and stable yield. In the 2012-2014 crop year, 24 genotypes, including standard controls, were evaluated at the national variety trial stage over six main dry lowland sorghum growing sites and two years made 7 environments to evaluate their performance, stability and to quantify Genotype by Environment Interaction (GEI) across moisture stress sorghum growing areas of Ethiopia. Spatial modeling has been used to estimate predicted mean (BLUPs) results and Performance and estimation of environmental correlation, heritability, GEI, and other parameters using the ASReml3
Fine genetic mapping of combined shoot fly resistance (SFR) and stay green (STG) traits on sorghum chromosome SBI-10 - OAR...
Kiranmayee, K N S U and Sharma, H C and Kishore, P B K and Ramu, P and Sivasubramani, S and Munghate, R S and Sakhale, S and Hash, C T and Deshpande, S P (2015) Fine genetic mapping of combined shoot fly resistance (SFR) and stay green (STG) traits on sorghum chromosome SBI-10. In: Plant and Animal Genome XXIII Conference, January 10-14, 2015, San Diego, CA. (Submitted) ...
Improved production of ethanol using bagasse from different sorghum cultivars<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Improved production of ethanol using bagasse from different sorghum cultivars. AU - Nasidi, Muhammad. AU - Agu, Reginald C.. AU - Deeni, Yusuf Y.. AU - Walker, Graeme M.. PY - 2015/1/1. Y1 - 2015/1/1. N2 - For improved production of ethanol from whole sorghum residues, physico-chemical compositions and fermentation characteristics of the substrates are important factors to consider. In the present study, Nigerian sorghum cultivars SSV2, KSV8 and KSV3 were grown under rain-fed conditions without chemical fertilization in Kano state, Nigeria. On harvest, the whole sorghum residues (bagasse) comprising crushed stalks, leaves, panicles and peduncles were collected for further processing. Bagasse samples, which had different macromolecular composition and carbohydrate pasting properties, were pre-treated with dilute sulphuric acid at 75 °C followed by enzymatic hydrolysis and sequential detoxification by Ca(OH)2 over-liming and charcoal filtration. Hydrolysate samples were ...
A Novel Wild-Type Saccharomyces cerevisiae Strain TSH1 in Scaling-Up of Solid-State Fermentation of Ethanol from Sweet Sorghum...
The rising demand for bioethanol, the most common alternative to petroleum-derived fuel used worldwide, has encouraged a feedstock shift to non-food crops to reduce the competition for resources between food and energy production. Sweet sorghum has become one of the most promising non-food energy crops because of its high output and strong adaptive ability. However, the means by which sweet sorghum stalks can be cost-effectively utilized for ethanol fermentation in large-scale industrial production and commercialization remains unclear. In this study, we identified a novel Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain, TSH1, from the soil in which sweet sorghum stalks were stored. This strain exhibited excellent ethanol fermentative capacity and ability to withstand stressful solid-state fermentation conditions. Furthermore, we gradually scaled up from a 500-mL flask to a 127-m3 rotary-drum fermenter and eventually constructed a 550-m3 rotary-drum fermentation system to establish an efficient industrial fermentation
Sorghum and Sorghum Seeds Market 2023 Competition, Status,
Press release - Allied Market Research - Sorghum and Sorghum Seeds Market 2023 Competition, Status, Demand, Size & Top Key Players National Sweet Sorghum Producers & Processors Assn, National Sorghum Producers, Sorghum Forum Of South Africa and Others - published on openPR.com
Biofuels Digests 2012 New Feedstock (Trial) Award: Ceres, sweet sorghum : Biofuels Digest
Last month, Ceres announced that it has signed a sweet sorghum market development agreement with Syngenta. The companies will work together to support the introduction of sweet sorghum as a source of fermentable sugars at Brazils 400 or more ethanol mills.. Last season, Brazilian mills planted Ceres sweet sorghum on more than 3,000 hectares (7,400 acres). The trials demonstrated large increases in biomass, extractable juice volume and total harvestable sugar compared to commercial products introduced just last year. In product development trials and at the companys breeding center, where field evaluation plots are irrigated and managed more closely than commercial fields, these hybrids averaged 80 or more metric tons per hectare. Subsequent field evaluations in the Southeast U.S. this summer have confirmed similar results.. READ MORE: All about the project, here. ...
Genotypic variation for traits associated with dry matter remobilization in grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) genotypes...
This study was conducted to evaluate traits that have an effect on yield, and genetic variation for these traits, including dry matter accumulation, remobilization, and traits associated with them, in 10 grain sorghum genotypes obtained from the National Plant Gene Bank of Iran under moisture stress conditions. Field trials were carried out in the 2008 cropping season using split-plot arrangements in a randomized complete block design with three replications at Torogh Agricultural Research Station of the Agricultural and Natural Resource Research Center of Khorasan Razavi Province, Mashhad, Iran. Trials were conducted separately under three water regimes: normal conditions and two water deficit levels at the vegetative and reproductive stages. Genotypes were assigned to main plots and two levels of photosynthetic status, normal and disturbed current photosynthesis, by applying potassium,iodide after anthesis, in sub-plots. Results revealed significant genetic variation for traits related to dry matter
Molecules | Free Full-Text | Effects of Sorghum Malting on Colour, Major Classes of Phenolics and Individual Anthocyanins
Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) grain contains many health-promoting phytochemicals, including a broad range of phenolic compounds. Malting of cereal grains is known to increase the bioavailability of macro- and micronutrients. However, the detailed effects of malting on sorghum grain anthocyanins, a major class of phenolics that influence the taste and colour of sorghum-based foods, requires further investigation. Eight commercial sorghum hybrids harvested from three regions in eastern Australia were malted and analysed for colour, tannin content, total phenolic content (TPC), flavan-4-ols, total flavonoids, total anthocyanins and 3-deoxyanthocyanins. Grains of all the sorghums were found to be tannin-free. Malting decreased the TPC of all samples. For TPC, the grand means among all the sorghum cultivars for raw and malted grain were 2.77 and 2.48 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)/g, respectively. For flavan-4-ols, the grand means for raw and malted sorghum grains were 2.98 and 2.23 abs/mL/g, respectively.
Frontiers | Identification, Characterization, and Expression Analysis of Cell Wall Related Genes in Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench...
Biomass based alternative fuels offer a solution to the worlds ever-increasing energy demand. With the ability to produce high biomass in marginal lands with low inputs, sorghum has a great potential to meet second-generation biofuel needs. Despite the sorghum crop importance in biofuel and fodder industry, there is no comprehensive information available on the cell wall related genes and gene families (biosynthetic and modification). It is important to identify the cell wall related genes to understand the cell wall biosynthetic process as well as to facilitate biomass manipulation. Genome-wide analysis using gene family specific Hidden Markov Model of conserved domains identified 520 genes distributed among 20 gene families related to biosynthesis/modification of various cell wall polymers such as cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin and lignin. Chromosomal localization analysis of these genes revealed that about 65% of cell wall related genes were confined to four chromosomes (Chr. 1-4). Further, 53
Louisiana Producers Should Prepare for Possible Aphid Attack on Sorghum
Sugarcane aphids were observed infesting sorghum in Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas and Oklahoma in 2013, LSU AgCenter entomologist David Kerns said. This pest also has been found in johnsongrass, sweet sorghum and sorghum-Sudan, Kerns said. The pest was detected in 38 counties and parishes in the four states. Aphids also were found in one state in Mexico, and Arkansas may be infested, Kerns said. The sugarcane aphid is a significant pest of sorghum in China, Taiwan, Japan, India, South Africa, South America, Botswana and Zimbabwe. It has been found infesting sugarcane in Louisiana since 1999. There was one unconfirmed report of an infestation in Louisiana sorghum in 2008. Infestations also were found in sorghum beginning in mid-July 2013. Kerns said it is not known why the pest shifted from sugarcane to sorghum. It is interesting that in places where there were heavy infestations of sugarcane aphids in sorghum in 2013, the aphid was not found in nearby fields of sugarcane, energycane or Sudan ...
Sorghum grain for lactating dairy cows
Holstein cows in early lactation were utilized to evaluate the effects of supplementing concentrate diets of sorghum grain on milk production, milk composition, somatic cell count, and body condition. At 21 d postpartum, cows were randomly assigned to receive four concentrate diets consisting of 1) corn, 2) sorghum, 3) sorghum plus 1 lb tallow, and 4) sorghum plus wheat in a 70:30 ratio. All concentrates were combined with chopped alfalfa hay in a total mixed diet and fed twice daily. Treatments included a 7-day preliminary period and a 16-week experimental period. Cows fed the sorghum plus tallow diet produced 14% more milk than cows fed either corn or sorghum alone and 10% more than cows fed the 70:30 sorghum plus wheat diet. Milk fat was unaffected by diet, although cows receiving the sorghum plus wheat diet tended to produce milk with less fat (3.3% vs 3.5% for the other diets). Body weight and body condition tended to be higher for cows fed the sorghum plus wheat combination. The addition ...
In vitro starch digestibility and estimated glycemic index of sorghum products
Fractions from white and tannin sorghums were processed into extrudates, thick porridges, and breads. The effects of sorghum type and fraction on the in vitro starch availability of the products were evaluated, and the estimated glycemic indexes (EGI) of the products were obtained. Sorghum extrudates were significantly more slowly digested than corn meal extrudates for all preparation methods (whole, cracked and decorticated kernels). Furthermore, tannin extrudates were less digestible than white sorghum extrudates. The soft endosperm nature of the tannin sorghum limited friction formation inside the extruder, reducing starch gelatinization. On the other hand, condensed tannins also interfered with the starch availability for digestion. White sorghum was more suitable for extrusion, giving extrudates with higher starch degradation and expansion than the tannin sorghums. However, tannin sorghums also gave acceptable products offering the benefit of lower EGI values. Sorghum porridges were more ...
A time course analysis of the extracellular proteome and transcriptome of Aspergillus nidulans growing on sorghum stover |...
Scope and method of study: To study the plant cell wall degradation process and changes in overall physiology during the growth of A. nidulans on sorghum stover at proteomic and genomic level, A. nidulans was grown on sorghum stover under solid-state culture conditions for 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 and 14 days. Semi-quantitative extracellular proteome analysis (1-D PAGE LC-MS/MS), whole genome microarray analysis, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, along with qualitative and quantitative analysis of extracellular hydrolytic enzyme activities, and analysis of the breakdown products by enzymes was used to study sorghum cell wall degradation by A. nidulans.Findings and conclusions: Based on analysis of chitin content, A. nidulans grew to be 4-5% of the total biomass in the culture. A hyphal mat developed on the surface of the sorghum by day one and as seen by scanning electron microscopy the hyphae enmeshed the sorghum particles by day 5. A total of 294 extracellular proteins were identified with ...
Sorghum as Dry Land Feedstock for Fuel Ethanol Production - 中国期刊全文数据库
Author】 WANG Donghai1, and WU Xiaorong2 1 Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA 2 Postdoctoral Research Associate, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA. 【摘要】 Dry land crops such as sorghums (grain sorghum, sweet sorghum and forage sorghum) have been identified as promising feedstocks for fuel ethanol production. The major issue for using the sweet sorghum as feedstock is its stability at room temperature. At room temperature, the sweet sorghum juice could lose from 40% to 50% of its fermentable sugars from 7 to 14 days. No significant sugar content and profile changes were observed in juice stored at refrigerator temperature in two weeks. Ethanol fermentation efficiencies of fresh and frozen juice were high (～93%). Concentrated juice (≥25% sugar) had significantly lower efficiencies and large amounts of fructose left in finished beer; however, winery yeast strains and novel ...
A molecular cytogenetic map of sorghum chromosome 1: Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis with mapped bacterial...
A molecular cytogenetic map of sorghum chromosome 1: Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis with mapped bacterial artificial chromosomes - Texas A&M University (TAMU) Scholar profile, educations, publications, research, recent courses, and student works
Sorghum Bi-Weekly Crop Update - July 10 | United Sorghum Checkoff
The latest USDA crop update released July 7, 2015, indicated 97 percent of the nations grain sorghum has been planted, slightly behind the 5-year average. Heading was 24 percent complete by July 5 and harvest has begun in some areas of South Texas. As a whole, 67 percent of the sorghum crop was reported good to excellent, six percentage points better than last year at this time.. TEXAS - Texas is 99 percent completed planting grain sorghum, 56 percent of which is headed. Producers across the southern regions of the state have begun harvest on irrigated sorghum this week and will continue harvest into next week. Danny Beyer of Odem, Texas, said early planted sorghum currently being harvested is achieving impressive yields, as high as 125 bushel on small blocks. Despite lower ground being saturated by earlier rains, Beyer said the sorghum crop across the coastal bend is progressing well. Overall, 63 percent of grain sorghum across the state is in good to excellent condition and producers are ...
Texas Sorghum Insider | Page 10
EPA Approves Grain Sorghum Pathway - The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced yesterday it has approved grain sorghum as an eligible feedstock under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). National Sorghum Producers (NSP) has worked closely with EPA for about three years in getting grain sorghum listed as an advanced biofuel feedstock, and the feat has finally been won. The RFS requires a certain amount of feedstocks to be used to produced advanced biofuels. With sorghums listing, it will now create a significant amount of domestically-grown sorghum that needs to be used to produce ethanol. This use, in turn, will add value and profitability to the producers crop. This gives an incentive to the ethanol plants to use sorghum when producing their biofuels. EPA found that, when plants use sorghum to create ethanol at facilities that use natural gas, they have a greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction of 32 percent, qualifying it as a conventional ethanol. NSP expects at least one existing ...
Ethanol From Sweet Sorghum - Source Of Biofuel, A Promising Money Maker - Ideas Galore
The project to produce ethanol from sweet sorghum undertaken by the International Crops Research for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and Rusni Distilleries, both of India had achieved a breakthrough in their first production of ethanol flowing out the distillery.. The production itself works a milestone in the partnership project. It has generated ethanol as biofuel. The stems of sorghum yield sweet juice that could be processed into bioethanol which could be added to gasoline. The production of ethanol does not compromise food security since the farmers can continue to use the grain for food.. The juice could also be made into syrup, wine and vinegar. The grains can be milled and made into a variety of delicacies. Whole grains can be fed and milled as ingredient in commercial feeds for livestock and poultry. This also serves an additional income to farmers who are looking for a crop that will grow well in drought prone areas.. Growing sweet sorghum has its distinct advantage over other crops ...
Energies | Free Full-Text | Repeated-Batch Ethanol Production from Sweet Sorghum Juice by Saccharomyces cerevisiae Immobilized...
Sweet sorghum stalks were used as a low cost carrier for immobilization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae NP 01 to produce ethanol from sweet sorghum juice. The effects on ethanol production of carrier size (6 × 6 × 6 to 20 × 20 × 20 mm3) and initial cell concentrations (5 × 107 to 2 × 108 cells mL−1) for cell immobilization were investigated. The ethanol production medium was the juice containing 230 g L−1 of total sugar without nutrient supplementation. The fermentations were carried out under static conditions in 500-mL air-locked Erlenmeyer flasks at 30 °C. The results showed that the optimum size of sorghum stalk pieces for repeated-batch ethanol production was 6 × 6 × 6 mm3, while the optimum initial cell concentration for the immobilization was 1.0 × 108 cells mL−1. The immobilized yeast under these conditions could be used for at least eight successive batches without any losses of ethanol production efficiencies. The average ethanol concentration, productivity and yield of the eight
Comparative analysis of QTLs affecting plant height and maturity across the Poaceae, in reference to an interspecific sorghum...
Correspondence among QTLs affecting height and/or flowering was investigated across the five races of sorghum, an interspecific sorghum F2 population, and 32 previously published sorghum, maize, rice, wheat, and barley populations revealing 185 QTLs or discrete mutants. Among nine QTLs mapped in the interspecific sorghum population (six affecting height and three affecting flowering), at least seven (78%) are associated with conversion, backcross-introgression of alleles imparting reduced height or earlier flowering from cultivated sorghums into one or more exotic Sorghum bicolor races. One chromosomal region was converted in all S. bicolar races--in the interspecific F2, this region explained 54.8% of height variation (putatively the Dw2 gene) and 85.7% of flowering time variation (putatively Ma1). Comparative data suggest that Ma1 and Dw2 orthologs influence height and flowering of other Poaceae taxa and support classical dogma that the sorghum phenotypes attributed to Ma1 and Dw2 ...
Sorghum as Source of Ingredient to Replace Cassava for Feeding Pangasius in Vietnam | United Sorghum Checkoff
June 2017. Sorghum is one potential ingredient to substitute for cassava as a source of starch for feeding Pangasius in Vietnam. Sorghum contains a reasonable amount of protein (10%), higher than cassava. Sorghum contains higher amino acids, similar to corn but relatively higher in tryptophan and threonine. The U.S. Grains Council (USGC) conducted a sorghum feeding trial to Pangasius catfish at research farm of a private company in Vietnam. The sorghum diet was compared to a cassava-based diet and corn-based diet. Grain sorghum was obtained from the United States and was analyzed for chemical composition and amino acids content. Researchers allotted 2,160 Pangasius fingerling at 25 g body weight randomly in 12 floating cages made of nylon net placed in 0.5- hectare pond with 3 meters deep. The cages were divided into three groups of dietary treatments and replicated 4 times. Three dietary treatments were used containing cassava 15%, sorghum 20% and corn 10% in the diets respectively. The diets ...
In Vitro Effect of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) Seed Extracts as a Biological Acaricidal Against Some Hard Tick (Ixodidae) in...
In Vitro Effect of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) Seed Extracts as a Biological Acaricidal Against Some Hard Tick (Ixodidae) in Sulaimani Governorate - Kurdistan Region/Iraq
Sorghum and maize grain hardness : their measurement and factors influencing hardness
Sorghum and maize grain hardness is a very important criterion as grain hardness affects milling yield and product quality. There are several techniques that are used to determine grain hardness but the relationship between these techniques for distinguishing hardness in commercial sorghum and maize cultivars is not known. Moreover, the role of sorghum grain hardness with respect to malting performance is not understood, as is the role of phenolics in sorghum and maize hardness. Therefore this study investigated the relationships between sorghum and maize hardness techniques, and the influence of sorghum grain modification during malting and sorghum and maize phenolics on the hardness of these cereals. A study to determine the relationships between techniques used to measure hardness in commercial sorghum and maize cultivars was done in terms of decortication using the Tangential Abrasive Dehulling Device (TADD) (percentage kernel removed), Near Infrared Transmittance (NIT) Milling Index (MI), ...
U.S. sorghum sales continue to Spain, Italy : Biofuels Digest
In Washington, D.C., the U.S. Grains Council reports that recent sales of U.S. sorghum to Spain and Italy reinforce the importance of these European markets to U.S. farmers. Italy purchased 36,600 metric tons (1.44 million bushels) of sorghum the week of March 14, and Spain has purchased just under one million tons (39.4 million bushels) of sorghum since April 2018.. A combination of factors has resulted in the return of these two buyers to the sorghum market this marketing year. In addition to ample supply of U.S. sorghum, a drought in Europe has driven up the price of European feedstock. U.S. sorghum is an attractive alternative with duty-free access to the market and no biotechology-related concerns.. The Council worked with Spanish buyers last spring by bringing sorghum sellers to Spain and conducting two purchasing conferences, resulting in purchases of diverted shipments from China. These activities paved the way for renewed interest in U.S. sorghum, and the Spanish have continued to ...
Sorghum - New World Encyclopedia
Sorghum is used in various cultures to produce alcoholic beverages. In China, sorghum is the most important ingredient for the production of distilled beverages such as Maotai and kaoliang, as seen in the 1987 film Red Sorghum. In southern Africa, sorghum is used to produce beer, including the local version of Guinness. African sorghum beer is a brownish-pink beverage with a fruity, sour taste. It has an alcohol content that can vary between one percent and eight percent. African sorghum beer is high in protein, which contributes to foam stability, giving it a milk-like head. Because this beer is not filtered, its appearance is cloudy and yeasty, and may also contain bits of grain. This beer is said to be thirst quenching even if it is traditionally consumed at room temperature. African sorghum beer is a popular drink primarily amongst the black community for historical reasons. African sorghum beer is said to be a traditional drink of the Zulu people of Southern Africa. It also became popular ...
Sorghum Insect Guide<...
Common Insect Problems:. Sap-feeding Insects. Different types of aphids may be found on grain sorghum early in the season. These insects are found on top and underneath the leaves and whorls of sorghum plants, where they cause damage by sucking juices from the plant. The most common aphids found in grain sorghum are the sugarcane aphid, corn leaf aphid, and greenbug. The greenbug can be a serious pest or seedling plants, and the sugarcane aphid is a serious pest later in the season.. Insects Feeding on Grain Heads and Seed Kernels. The sorghum midge and sorghum webworm feed on the ripening grain kernels. Sorghum webworms feed on the ripening kernels by devouring the inside and leaving the hollow kernel shell. Corn earworms and fall armyworms usually consume the entire kernel as they feed.. Insects Feeding on Leaf Tissue. Corn earworms and fall armyworms feed in the whorls of young grain sorghum plants. Severe feeding injury to the growing point or intercalary meristem may destroy the emerging ...
Al Fin Energy: Sweet Sorghum Ethanol Instead of Maize or Cane
Its water requirement is one-third that of sugarcane, and its growing period is short enough to allow harvesting twice a year. While sugarcane is propagated from stem cuttings, sweet sorghum is sown with seed - just 4.5 kg is enough for a hectare of land, compared to 4,500-6,000 kg of sugarcane cuttings. Sweet sorghums potential as an energy crop - it produces up to 7,000 litres of ethanol per hectare - makes it highly attractive for countries like China [and the US], which is expected to exhaust its economically recoverable petroleum reserves by 2016. __Source ...
A novel cost-effective technology to convert sucrose and homocelluloses in sweet sorghum stalks into ethanol | Biotechnology...
Increased fossil fuel consumption has resulted in a series of social and environmental problems, such as the crisis of oil, global climate change and the emission of greenhouse gas. Sustainable and clean renewable energy as an alternative to fossil fuels has attracted extensive attention worldwide. Among various renewable energies, bioethanol is an important renewable liquid fuel due to its high octane number and heat of vaporization. Bioethanol is also less volatile than gasoline, has a lower photochemical reactivity in the atmosphere, and smog formation from emissions of pure ethanol can be less than from gasoline .. Sweet sorghum is a high photosynthetic-efficiency energy crop with high biomass (20 to 30 dry tonnes/ha) and sugar-yielding (16 to 18% fermentable sugar in juice) . It is also the only crop that provides grain and sugar, and a lignocellulosic biomass resource. Sweet sorghum has several primary advantages, such as (1) its adaptability to diverse climate zones and soil ...
A novel cost-effective technology to convert sucrose and homocelluloses in sweet sorghum stalks into ethanol | Biotechnology...
Sweet sorghum is regarded as a very promising energy crop for ethanol production because it not only supplies grain and sugar, but also offers lignocellulosic resource. Cost-competitive ethanol production requires bioconversion of all carbohydrates in stalks including of both sucrose and lignocellulose hydrolyzed into fermentable sugars. However, it is still a main challenge to reduce ethanol production cost and improve feasibility of industrial application. An integration of the different operations within the whole process is a potential solution. An integrated process combined advanced solid-state fermentation technology (ASSF) and alkaline pretreatment was presented in this work. Soluble sugars in sweet sorghum stalks were firstly converted into ethanol by ASSF using crushed stalks directly. Then, the operation combining ethanol distillation and alkaline pretreatment was performed in one distillation-reactor simultaneously. The corresponding investigation indicated that the addition of alkali did
Production of alcohol from a combination of sweet sorghum and other feedstock - TALLURI SRIKRISHNA
A method and system to produce alcohol from a combination of sweet sorghum and other agro-based feedstock is described. The base or major raw material is sweet sorghum and the agro feedstock may be mo
Publication Year: 1985 / Source: 1985 v.77 no.3 - PubAg Search Results
Soil fertility requirements for sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] as an alcohol fuel crop have not been well defined. The primary objective of this study was to determine the biomass and sugar (% Brix ✕ extracted juice) yield response of sweet sorghum to N-P-K and lime. The study was conducted for 2 years on a Wynnville silt loam (fine-loamy, siliceous, thermic Glossic Fragiudult) soil i ...
Distinctly Discolored (Sorghum, Tannin) | Agricultural Marketing Service
EXPLANATION: Distinctly discolored sorghum has been discolored by adverse weather conditions, giving a badly gray and/or blackened appearance to sorghum or tannin sorghum sorghum. When sorghum is found to be distinctly discolored, the sorghum shall not be graded higher than U.S. No. 3, and the words Distinctly Discolored shall be recorded on the pan ticket and official inspection certificate.. ...
Global Sorghum Seed Industry Market - Research Reports World
Request sample of market research report on Global Sorghum Seed Industry Market. Explore detailed TOC, tables and figures of Global Sorghum Seed Industry Market.
Red Sorghum Seeds in Surat - Manufacturers and Suppliers India
Find Red Sorghum Seeds manufacturers, suppliers, dealers, distributors, wholesalers in Surat Gujarat India - Red Sorghum Seeds verified companies listings from Surat with catalogs, phone numbers, addresses, best deals and more
Red Sorghum Seeds in Chhattisgarh - Manufacturers and Suppliers India
Find Red Sorghum Seeds manufacturers, suppliers, wholesalers, dealers, distributors in Chhattisgarh India - Red Sorghum Seeds verified companies listings from Chhattisgarh with catalogs,phone numbers, addresses, best deals and more
Sorghum Seed Market Size and Share Archives - QWTJ Live
The survey report by Market Research Store is an overview of the global Sorghum Seed market. It covers all the recent trends including key developments in the global market in present and in future. Analyses of the global Sorghum Seed market trends along with the projections of CAGRs (compound annual growth rates) are provided in […]. ...
Global Silage Sorghum Seed Market 2020 by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to 2025 : ReportsnReports
[108 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Global Silage Sorghum Seed Market 2020 by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to 2025 report by Global Info Research. Market Overview The global Silage Sorghum Seed market size is...
Sorghum Seed Market Analysis Archives - QWTJ Live
The survey report by Market Research Store is an overview of the global Sorghum Seed market. It covers all the recent trends including key developments in the global market in present and in future. Analyses of the global Sorghum Seed market trends along with the projections of CAGRs (compound annual growth rates) are provided in […]. ...
Morphological characterisation of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) diversity in Burundi - Epsilon Archive for Student Projects
Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.)Moench), is a cereal crop close to maize and sugar cane. The crop originated in the Northeast part of Africa and has been an important crop in many dry areas of tropical countries. Sorghum is used for beverage and porridge for many people of Africa. Although sorghum is socially still an important cereal in Burundi, few studies have been undertaken on that crop. In a biodiversity management context, this study on sorghum was therefore set to characterize fifty landraces collected from seven provinces of Burundi and evaluated through morphological traits in two sites. The objectives of this study were to assess the phenotypic diversity and compare the pattern of distribution among landraces according to the ecological zones.. Five quantitative and sixteen qualitative traits were considered separately during the statistical analysis. Cluster analysis based on quantitative traits showed a wide range of diversity in the fifty sorghum landraces independently of the ...
Growth and yield responses of two forage sorghum cultivars to different nitrogen fertilizer rates
In order to evaluate the impact of different amounts of nitrogen fertilizer on growth and yield of two forage sorghum cultivars, a 2-year field experiment was carried out at the College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran during 2010 and 2011 growing seasons. Two factorial experiments were carried out in randomized block design with three replicates, in which the treatments included nitrogen fertilizer at three levels: 69 (N1), 138 (N2) and 205 (N3) kg N ha-1 and two sorghum cultivars: Pegah and KFS2. The results showed that nitrogen fertilizer enhanced plant height, leaf area index, fresh weight, total dry weight and biological yield significantly so that these traits were higher in N3 as 5.71, 22.8, 8.13, 22.5, and 8.7% than N1, respectively. Furthermore, increasing nitrogen rate had additive effect on crop growth rate, relative growth rate, biomass duration and leaf area duration. Comparing the cultivars, it was found that, plant height, fresh weight, total dry weight and biological yield
Further insights into underlying mechanisms for the release of biological nitrification inhibitors from sorghum roots - OAR...
Background Sorghum roots release two categories of biological nitrification inhibitors (BNIs) - hydrophilic-BNIs and hydrophobic-BNIs. Earlier research indicated that rhizosphere pH and plasma membrane (PM) H+ATPase are functionally linked with the release of hydrophilic BNIs, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully elucidated. This study is designed to reveal further insights into the regulatory mechanisms of BNIs release in root systems, using three sorghum genetic stocks. Methods Sorghum plants were grown in a hydroponic system with pH of nutrient solutions ranging from 3.0 ̴ 9.0. Pharmacological agents [(fusicoccin and vanadate) and anion-channel blockers (−niflumic acid (NIF) and anthracene-9-carboxylate (A9C)] were applied to root exudate collection solutions; BNI activity was determined with luminescent Nitrosomonas europaea bioassay. Sorgoleone levels in root exudates and H+ excretion from roots were determined. Two-phase partitioning system is used to isolate root plasma membrane ...
Agronomy Journal Abstract - Effect of Calcium Sulfate on Iron and Zinc Uptake in Sorghum1 | Digital Library
In a recent report, Olsen and Watanabe found significant increases in uptake of Fe and Zn in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench. var. RS-610) due to calcium sulfate treatments in four of six soils. Our research extended this sulfate × micronutrient interaction study to evaluate the possible ameliorative effect of sulfate on Fe and Zn as influenced by P and CaCO3 levels. A greenhouse factorial experiment was designed using two levels of P, sulfate, and CaCO3 in a Nunn loam soil (fine, montmorillonitic mesic Aridic Argiustoll) with sorghum as the test plant. Plants were grown for 60 days, and then sectioned into top leaves, bottom leaves, and stems. Data collected included dry matter, and P, Fe, and Zn concentrations in the various parts.. Dry matter yields and P concentrations were increased with added P treatments. Phosphorus with added CaCO3 resulted in the lowest Fe and Zn concentrations in the top leaves while P with added sulfate resulted in the highest. These treatment effects were ...
Effects of bacterial inoculants and an enzyme on the fermentation quality and aerobic stability of ensiled whole-crop sweet...
NKOSI, B.D. et al. Effects of bacterial inoculants and an enzyme on the fermentation quality and aerobic stability of ensiled whole-crop sweet sorghum. S. Afr. j. anim. sci. [online]. 2012, vol.42, n.3, pp.232-240. ISSN 2221-4062.. A study was conducted to evaluate the effects of bacterial inoculation and cellulase on the fermentation quality of ensiled whole-crop sweet sorghum (WCSS, Sorghum bicolor L. Moench). The WCSS (323 g dry matter (DM)/kg, 251 g water soluble carbohydrates (WSC)/kg DM, 43 g crude protein (CP)/kg DM and 439 g neutral detergent fibre (NDF)/kg DM) was ensiled with i) no additive (control); ii) Lactobacillus buchneri (LB); iii) Lactobacillus plantarum (LP); and iv) LB+E, a combination of LB and enzyme. These treatments were ensiled in 1 L anaerobic jars for 25 days. The jars were opened on days 3, 7 and 15 to determine pH, while those of day 25 were sampled to determine nutrient composition, fermentation characteristics and aerobic stability. Inoculation reduced pH, butyric ...
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The goal of this CSP is deep-sequencing of highly diverse sorghum lines to assemble and analyze the pan-genome of this important bioenergy crop. Sorghum is a promising lignocellulosic and saccharine bioenergy crop, one of the DOE-JGIs flagship species, and an important food and feed crop. In order to accelerate breeding and development of elite sorghum lines as well as determine the genetic basis of its valuable traits, such as remarkable drought and heat tolerance, we must develop a more complete understanding of the genetic diversity within sorghum as a species. To accomplish this goal, the sorghum pan-genome project will (1) select a diverse collection of sorghum lines designed to capture the majority of genomic structural variation within the species; (2) conduct whole genome sequencing and transcriptome profiling using the PacBio and Illumina platforms; and (3) de novo assemble, annotate and characterize the sequenced genomes. The de novo assembled and resequenced sorghum genomes obtained ...
Sensory perception of bitterness and astringency in sorghum
There is a conflict of interest between the sorghum producers, for whom condensed tannins in sorghum have agronomic advantages, and sorghum users for whom condensed tannins in sorghum are perceived as nutritionally harmful and unpalatable. However, in recent years there has been growing interest in food phenolics due to their antioxidant potential. Thus, enhancing the content of phenolic compounds in plant foods through selective breeding and/or genetic improvement is now being viewed as a potent dietary option for disease prevention and control. However, the objectionable sensory attributes (bitterness and astringency) of phenolic compounds, especially condensed tannins, have resulted in low consumption of foods rich in these compounds. This study investigated the sensory attributes of products of sorghums varying in total phenol and condensed tannin content as well as their acceptance. A descriptive sensory panel described the sensory attributes including bitterness and astringency of two ...
Feed the Future Releases Two New Sorghum Varieties in Nicaragua by Kimberly Christiansen
de Tecnologia Agropecuaria (INTA), the Collaborative Research Support Program for Sorghum, Millet and Other Grains (INTSORMIL) has released two new varieties of sorghum in Nicaragua that will be used for forage (plant material eaten by grazing livestock). These new varieties exhibit the
Grain sorghum performance trials in Oklahoma, 2009 :: Documents.OK.Gov
GRAIN SORGHUM PERFORMANCE TRIALS IN OKLAHOMA, 2009 PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY CROPS OKLAHOMA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE DEPARTMENT OF PLANT AND SOIL SCIENCES DIVISION OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES & NATURAL RESOURCES OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY PT 2010-4 January 2010 Vol. 22, No.4 Rick Kochenower Area Research and Extension Specialist Plant and Soil Sciences Department Roger Gribble Area Agronomist NW Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service TRIAL OBJECTIVES AND PROCEDURES Each year, performance trials for hybrid grain sorghum are conducted by the Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service. These trials provide producers, extension educators, industry representatives, and researchers with information for hybrid grain sorghums marketed in Oklahoma. Performance trials are conducted at ten locations in Oklahoma: Altus, Alva, Blackwell, Cherokee, Enid, Goodwell, Homestead, Keyes, Slapout, and Tipton. Dry-land trials are conducted at all locations, with an additional limited irrigation trial at Goodwell. The ...
Research Awards, July 2009
Al-Khatib, Kassim, and Tesso, Tesfaye, Kansas Grain Sorghum Commission, Breeding Grain Sorghum for Improved Dryland Production.. Claassen, Mark M.,Lingenfelser, Jane E., Regehr, David L., and Roozeboom, Kraig L., Kansas Grain Sorghum Commission, Extension and Applied Research Programs for Kansas Grain Sorghum Production.. Gordon, Walter B., and Duncan, Stewart R.(Northeast Area Office), Kansas Grain Sorghum Commission, $6,500, Management Systems for Grain Sorghum Production Under Dryland and Limited Irrigated Conditions.. Janssen, Keith A.,Kansas Grain Sorghum Commission, $6,300, Evaluation of Strip-Tillage for Grain Sorghum in Kansas.. Janssen, Keith A., and Thompson, Curtis R., Multisponsor, Field Herbicidal Evaluations.. Kirkham, Mary B., and Williams, Kimberly A.(Horticulture, Forestry and Recreation Resources), Gloeckner Foundation, Inc. (Fred C.), $3,000, Causes and Management of the Physiological Disorder Edema on Greenhouse Crops.. Lingenfelser, Jane E.,Claassen, Mark M., ...
K-State Sorghum Schools scheduled for February - News - The Hays Daily News - Hays, KS
1024x768 Kansas StateResearch and Extension in conjunction with the Kansas Grain Sorghum Commission,and supported by the Sorghum Checkoff, Chromatin, Inc., KFRM 550 AM radiostation, and Bayer CropScience (Huskie), will hold in-depth Sorghum Schools atfour locations throughout Kansas. Meetingdates span Feb. 11-14 and address a number of issues facing by sorghum growers:risk management, irrigation management, crop production practices, nutrient andsoil fertility, weed, insect, and disease
Kansas Grain Sorghum
Kansas Sorghum Farmers Congratulate David Schemm as new Kansas FSA Director. COLWICH, Kan. - Kansas Grain Sorghum Producers Association is pleased with the recent appointment of David Schemm, grain sorghum and wheat farmer from Sharon Springs, to his new role as Farm Service Agencys State Executive Director for Kansas.. David is admired by his peers and has strong knowledge of government policies affecting growers. As past president of National Association of Wheat Growers, Schemm worked tirelessly to advance member interests on behalf of NAWG .. He is absolutely a positive person. He has overcome adversity and we look forward to working with him in his new, exciting role, said Kent Winter, KGSPA President, and farmer from Andale.. The United States Department of Agricultures (USDAs) Farm Service Agency (FSA) helps to keep Americas farmers and ranchers in business as they face the uncertainties of weather and markets. The FSA delivers commodity, credit, conservation, disaster, and ...
EPA approves pesticide for grain sorghum producers - Mississippi Business Journal
JACKSON - The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has approved farmers in the state of Mississippi for the use of sulfoxaflor (CAS Reg. No. 946578-00-3) on sorghum.. This specific exemption will aid in controlling the sugarcane aphid (Melanaphis sacchari), which is a destructive pest that can cause damage to the grain sorghum crop.. The registered product receiving this exemption is Transfor WG (EPA Reg. No. 62719-625; 50% sulfoxaflor) and is manufactured by Dow AgroSciences. Expiration for this specific exemption will be Oct. 31.. The Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerces Bureau of Plant Industry has authority under Section 18 of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act to obtain an exemption from EPA for a non-labeled use of a pesticide if significant losses of an agricultural commodity are likely and if labeled products are not available or effective.. ...
Dhurrin - Wikipedia
Dhurrin is a cyanogenic glycoside produced in many plants. Discovered in multiple sorghum varieties in 1906 as the culprit of cattle poisoning by hydrogen cyanide, dhurrin is most typically associated with Sorghum bicolor, the organism used for mapping the biosynthesis of dhurrin from tyrosine. Dhurrins name is derived form the Arabic word for sorghum, transliterated to Dhura. In Sorghum bicolor, dhurrin production is regulated at the transcriptional level and varies depending on the plants age and available nutrients. Dhurrin content within Sorghum bicolor can be correlated to the amount of mRNA and translated protein of enzymes CYP79A1 and CYP71E1, two membrane bound members of the cytochrome P450 superfamily. While transcription and translation of these two enzymes is relatively higher for the first few days of growth, transcription is greatly reduced past one week of growth. After five weeks of growth, transcription and translation of both enzymes in the leaves becomes undetectable, ...
Mutation in sorghum LOW GERMINATION STIMULANT 1 alters strigolactones and causes Striga resistance | PNAS
Mutation at LGS1 does not eliminate SL biosynthesis, but rather changes the type of SLs present in the root exudates. In a comparison of all possible stereoisomers of the SLs previously reported in sorghum root exudates, strigol, sorgolactone, sorgomol, and 5-deoxystrigol, it was shown that S. hermonthica germination was much higher when exposed to these SLs in their natural (β-oriented C-ring) form than when treated with their α-oriented enantiomers (16). Furthermore, Yoneyama et al. (28) predicted that SLs containing a hydroxyl group directly on the A- (e.g., strigol) or B-ring (e.g., orobanchol) would be prone to ring-destroying nucleophilic attack and therefore be less persistent in the soil. Together, these results explain why orobanchol-exuding sorghums, like the lgs1 mutants, would show low Striga germination stimulant activity in our laboratory agar assays, as well as when planted in farm fields infested with Striga.. We have presented compelling genetic evidence in the form of ...
Strengthening Sorghum and Millet Production in Africa - DuPont Food Security
Getting quality seed out of research labs and test plots into the hands of millions of farmers in remote areas remains one of the largest challenges facing us today. Scaling up from a handful of breeder seeds to the reliable volumes and distribution required to reach even the most remote areas, requires a holistic approach across all sectors including local seed companies, dealers and national governments, said Lloyd Le Page, founder of Heartland Global.. Sorghum and millet are African native dryland cereals that show an exceptional resistance capacity in arid climate conditions. While the last decade has seen some moderate improvements in the yield of rice and maize, national sorghum and millet yields have on average remained flat. The substantial agronomic, food and feed potential of sorghum and millet has been described in previous research, but is yet to be fully exploited. Investing in seed systems and new product development for improving yields and nutritional quality of both crops is ...
Transform Granted Section 18 for Control of Sugarcane Aphid in Louisiana Sorghum (Forage, Grain or Stover) - Louisiana Crops
Transform WG Sec 18 Label for Sorghum Approval Letter With Effective/Expiration Use Dates. Please follow the link above to access the section 18 label. The link to the approval letter outlines the effective and expiration dates for the use of Transform in sorghum, as well as specifics regarding number of applications and maximum acreage treated in Louisiana.. If you have any questions or concerns about sugarcane aphids or use of Transform in Sorghum please contact:. Sebe Brown at 318-498-1283 (cell) or 318-435-2903 (office). Dr. David Kerns at 318-439-4844 (cell) or 318-435-2157 (office). Dr. Julien Beuzelin at 337-501-7087 (cell) or 318-473-6523 (office). ...
Bobs Red Mill Sorghum Flour Gluten Free (4x22 Oz) [BA19554] - $16.76 : CraigCreekGardens.com
CraigCreekGardens.com Bobs Red Mill Sorghum Flour Gluten Free (4x22 Oz) [BA19554] - Save on Bobs Red Mill 4X 22 Oz Sorghum Flour Gluten FreeSorghum Flour, A Millet-Like Grain, Is Americas Third Leading Cereal Crop. It Is A Powerhouse Of Nutrition And Adds A Superb Flavor To Gluten-Free Baking. Add 15% To 20% Sorghum Flour To Your Flour Mixes To Make Delicious Breads,
Sorghum Molasses Pie Recipe on Food52
The aforementioned farm on which I grew up was in Benton County, Tennessee, at that time the largest producer of sorghum molasses in the nation. The production of new sorghum from the mills each October or November was the cause for a frenzy of gluttony that involved sorghum, biscuits and butter (and bacon and, for some reason, home-canned tomatoes), gingerbread, and all manner of desserts. This particular one is a recipe one of the ladies in the nearby Mennonite community gave my mother, and we made it every year during new sorghum season. Sorghum molasses, to me, is the quintessential taste of fall. - Kayb
Contact | Kansas Grain Sorghum
Reed Middleton is a sophomore at Kansas State University studying Agriculture Economics and Global Food Systems Leadership and serving on staff as the Kansas Grain Sorghum Conservation & Sustainability Fellow. Reed will spend her summer working with sorghum farmers in central and western Kansas to collect information on and document sustainability practices. Reed has been an active participant in 4-H and FFA, holding numerous leadership positions during her time as a member and helping coach a Kansas Association National Officer Candidate in 2019. At K-State she is a College of Agriculture Ambassador and a student intern for the Henry C. Gardiner Global Food Systems Lecture Series. Off campus, she is a member of Kappa Delta Sorority and serves in the preschool room at her church in Manhattan.. Reed was raised in Eastern Oregon with her parents, brother, and extended family. She moved to Kansas to attend K-State in 2018. Over the course of her fellowship, she is excited for the opportunity to ...
Chromatin Acquires Kirkland Seed - SeedWorld
1 year ago - Compiled by Staff Tags: North America, Sorghum Late last week, Chromatin acquired Kirkland Seed Inc., a forage sorghum seed supplier based in Vega, Texas.. Our business is based on quality seed production, combined with outstanding customer service and relationships, says Lester Kirkland who manages the company. I am pleased to be joining the Chromatin team, and I look forward to introducing Chromatins full lineup of high performance grain and forage sorghum products to our customers.. The Kirkland Seed grower network and production facilities add operating capacity to Chromatins sorghum infrastructure.. The addition of this site optimizes our inventory processing capabilities, says Ken Thompson, Chromatins director of plant operations. With this addition, Chromatin will immediately achieve important efficiencies throughout our network.. According to Daphne Preuss, Chromatin CEO, this is the fifth recent sorghum transaction completed by the companys mergers and ...
Magiran | Interactions of Herbicide Doses and Application Time on Sorghum halepense Control in Maize (Zea mays)
A field experiment was conducted to determine the interaction effects of herbicide timing and doses on the control of Sorghum halepense in maize. The experiment was a split plot in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Main plots were herbicide doses (0, 40, 60, 80, 100 g.ae of nicosulfuron) and sub-plots comprised herbicide timing (maize growth stages: 2-4 leaves, 4-6 leaves and 6-8 leaves). Standard dose response model was used to describe the relationship between weed biomass and herbicide doses at each herbicide application time. Estimated parameters showed that herbicide application delay increased U, L, ED50, ED90 parameters linearly. The highest yield of maize (20478.8 kg/h) was obtained by 2.5 lit/ha herbicide applied at 2-4 leaves of maize growth stage. Recommended dose of herbicide resulted in 12108.74 kg/h maize yield when it was applied at 6-8 leaves maize growth stage. In summary, 1.5 lit/ha herbicide applied at 2-4 leaves growth stage of maize gave acceptable
Asian Science Citation Index - Articles written by Erick Sebetha
Background and Objective: The growth performance of sorghum is influenced by soil structure of location and the source of nitrogen fertilizer applied during planting. Greenhouse experiment was conducted during spring and repeated in autumn of 2017 planting season, to investigate the influence of nitrogen fertilizer source, soil type and cultivar on the growth parameters of sorghum. Materials and Methods: The experiment was a 2×2×4 factorial experiment fitted into a complete randomised design. Two soil types used were loamy sandy and sandy soil. Two sorghum cultivars planted were PAN 8826 and PAN 8625 and 4 nitrogen fertilizer sources were ammonium sulphate, urea, LAN and control. The measured growth parameters were plant height, number of leaves per plant, leaf area, leaf chlorophyll content, stem diameter and root mass. Results: Nitrogen fertilizer source had significant effect (p,0.05) on leaf chlorophyll content, leaf area, stem diameter and fresh root mass. Sorghum fertilized with nitrogen ...
White Sugarcane Aphid in Sorghum
The following information was provided by Dr. David Buntin, UGA grain crop entomologist.. A new aphid, the white sugarcane aphid (Melanaphis sacchari), has been found attacking sorghum in Georgia. The aphid was the white sugarcane aphid. Subsequent reports find the aphid in 9 total counties in the southwest quadrant of the state (Marion, Decatur, Early, Seminole, Colquitt, Taylor, Terrell, Randolph, and Tift counties). More counties most likely will be added to this list in the next few weeks.. The white sugarcane aphid (WSCA) has occurred in Florida since 1977 and Louisiana since 1989 feeding on sugarcane. About 2 years ago the aphid shifted its host preference to grain and forage sorghums. First found in Texas, this new strain has rapidly spread eastward across the southern United States in 2014 and is now widespread in Mississippi, Louisiana, and eastern Texas, and Arkansas. It is expected that WSCA will continue to spread rapidly throughout Georgia over the next few months. It is important ...
Chromatin and Calgren Renewable Fuels sign multi-year alliance for locally-grown sorghum for ethanol production - Green Car...
Chromatin, Inc. and Calgren Renewable Fuels, an ethanol producer located in Pixley, CA, announced an alliance to develop a local supply chain for sorghum for the production of fuel ethanol and distillers grains. The multi-year agreement covers up to 30,000 acres of sorghum grain to be grown and supplied to...
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Failed Corn, Sorghum Crops Reported in Kansas
Spotty rain showers across much of Kansas this past week were too little to improve drought conditions in western Kansas.. The National Agricultural Statistics Service reported Monday that dryland farm crops and pastures continue to suffer. The agency says it has received reports of failed corn and sorghum crops in areas missed by the rain, as well as fields damaged by hail or wind.. The corn crops condition has declined with 30 percent considered in poor to very poor shape. About 39 percent is rated fair, 28 percent is good and 3 percent is in excellent condition.. Sorghum crops also are hurting, with 21 percent reported in poor to very poor condition. About 43 percent is rated as fair, 34 percent as good and 2 percent as excellent. ...
QuicknHealthy: Curried Sorghum Stuffed Bell Peppers
Sorghum is a new addition to the quicknhealthy kitchen. Though on the packet it claims to be an ancient grain from India, I have never had it before in my life :). A drought and heat resistant crop very much suitable for sustainable farming just like many other millet varieties. It is nutrient rich and adds a distinct texture and flavor to your dishes. Use them in salads, breakfast porridges, soups, pilafs or stuffed in veggies like in this colorful and flavorful stuffed bell peppers. You can call it bell pepper stuffed with curried sorghum :). I would like to remind my non-Indian readers that curry is not a spice in itself like most of you think, but it is a mixture of spices which varies in mix and proportion based on who is making the curry :). ...
SciELO - Brazil - Metabolic pathway of oligosaccharides in sorghum honeydew caused by Claviceps africana Metabolic pathway of...
PAFERS CROP PRODUCTION. Metabolic pathway of oligosaccharides in sorghum honeydew caused by Claviceps africana Rota metabólica de oligossacarídeos em exsudato da doença açucarada do sorgo causado por Claviceps africana Amauri BogoI,1 1 Autor para correspondência. ; Peter MantleII. IDepartamento de Fitotecnia, Centro de Ciências Agroveterinárias (CAV), Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC). Av. Luis de Camões, 2090, 88520-000, Lages, SC, Brasil. E-mail: [email protected] IIImperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, SW7-2AY, UK. ABSTRACT The occurrence of the alditol oligosaccharides in the Claviceps afriana honeydew is partly as a rational expression of the pathogens selective nutritive metabolism of the sucrose supplied by the host plant. The experiments were carried out in laboratory and when 14C-D-sucrose, 14C-D-fructose or 14C-D-mannitol radiolabelled saccharides were incorporated into: a) sorghum plant infected by C. africana, b) whole and macereted ...
How To Make Molasses From Sorghum you Grow or Purchase
Learn how to make molasses from sorghum you purchased, or grew yourself. Where you get the sorghum doesnt affect the outcome; but if you buy, make sure its organic.
Calories in Sorghum and Nutrition Facts
There are 651 calories in 1 cup of Sorghum. Get full nutrition facts and other common serving sizes of Sorghum including 1 oz and 100 g.
Sugarcane Aphid Resistance in Pearl Millet by D. D. Serba and J. P. Michaud
Sugarcane aphid, (Melanaphis sacchari (Zehntner) (Hemiptera: Aphididae)) has become an important pest of sorghum in the US. This recent invasion is assumed to be either as a result of a host shift from sugarcane in the south or introduction of a special-ized strain from tropical Africa. If host shift happened through adaptive change to infest sorghum, other closely related species such as pearl millet are in danger from this voracious pest. The resistance level of pearl millet genotypes representing A-, B-, R-lines and germplasm were evaluated under climate-controlled growth chamber along with resistant and susceptible sorghum hybrids. Ten plants of the genotypes were planted in a row in a tray per replicate. Cuttings infested with a stock colony of aphids maintained on the susceptible sorghum line were evenly distributed across the soil in each tray to ascend the plants at will. The damage was scored two times (5 and 8 days after infesta-tion) using a scale of 1 to 9 (1 = no visible damage, 9 = dead).
1976 Grain Sorghum Performance Trials by J.J. Bonnemann
The relative performance of grain sorghum hybrids grown under similar environmental conditions is evaluated in this report for the 1976 season. Performance records of the hybrids harvested in 1976 and available two-, three-, four-, and five-year averages are presented. The trials were conducted under the Plant Science Department program in Crop Performance Testing, Agricultural Experiment Station, South Dakota·State University.
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The Tomato Magazine
Weve zeroed in on aluminum tolerance in maize and sorghum, Kochian says. Aluminum is what limits root-system growth in acid soils. These crops are ideal for this project because in sorghum, aluminum tolerance is a simple trait, while in maize, the tolerance is complex. Kochians group and researchers at Brazils EMBRAPA Maize and Sorghum Research Center have cloned Alt SB, the major sorghum aluminum-tolerance gene. And recently, he and colleagues confi rmed the importance of a gene called AtALMT1 to aluminum tolerance in Arabidopsis. They also found that a second, still unidentifi ed, gene plays a major role in that plants aluminum tolerance in acidic soil.. Targeting Insect Vectors ...
Professor Gebisa Ejeta received a generous grant to help develop hybrid grain seeds that will resist parasite weeds. -...
That has led to the creation of new sorghum varieties that combine striga- and drought-resistance more readily using molecular technology. So far, 961 tons of seed have been distributed to more than 400,000 farmers in Ethiopia and Tanzania.. የሚሊዮኖች ተስፋ……... With more high-throughput phenotyping and the ability to sequence a large slate of genotypes, we identified an important gene that is foundational for imparting striga resistance, Ejeta said. It helps to move that gene with confidence and consider new ways of exploiting that gene. Some of that weve already been working on.. This next phase of the program will focus on advancements in biological research, specifically identifying more genes involved in imparting broad-based and durable striga resistance in sorghum and other crops.. ...
Globalbelai7: Ending Poverity by Advancing Prosperity- an Idea whose time has come at last!
Before Ejeta took up the challenge, researchers hadnt had much success controlling the weed. Its seeds can lie dormant in the soil for decades. But Ejeta and his team at Purdue University discovered the chemical signals produced by the sorghum plant that tell the Striga seeds to wake up -- that a victim is available. They then found sorghum varieties that didnt produce the signals, and bred a line of Striga-resistant plants that thrived in a broad range of African growing conditions. These new varieties produced up to four times more grain than local types, even in drought-plagued areas ...
Evaluation of the seed-dressing insecticide, imidal 70 WS (imidacloprid), against the central shootfly, atherigona soccata...
The experiment was conducted under rain-fed conditions in the northern part of Gedarif State in season 2007/08 to evaluate the efficacy of Imidal 70 WS (imidacloprid) for the control of the central shootfly (Atherigona soccata) on sorghum. Data collected included number of plants with dead heart, % crop emergence, % damage and sorghum grain yield. The results showed that Imidal 70 WS and its counterpart, Gaucho 70 WS at 3g product/kg seeds significantly improved crop emergence, reduced number of plants with dead heart, reduced central shootfly damage and increased sorghum grain yield compared to the untreated control. The performance of Imidal 70 WS in all measured parameters was comparable to that of its counterpart, Gaucho 70 WS ...
Effects of inclusion of sorghum distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) in diets for growing and finishing pigs
The effects of sorghum distillers dried grains with solubles (sorghum-DDGS) in growing pig diets on growth performance and carcass quality were investigated. A total of 204 animals of 13.9 +/- 2.60 kg body weight (BW) were allocated into two dietary treatments, a conventional diet (C) and a diet containing sorghum-DDGS (DDGS). DDGS inclusion levels used were 150 g kg(-1) in pigs from 14-40 kg BW, 300 g kg(-1) from 40-80 kg BW and 350 g kg(-1) from 80 kg BW to slaughter. Animals' body weight, feed intake, backfat thickness (BF) and loin depth (LD) were measured throughout the study. Protein, fibre and fat content of sorghum-DDGS were approximately three times-fold those of the whole grain. During the nursery period, feed intake and final BW tended to be lower in the group of pigs fed DDGS compared to the piglets fed C diet (871.4 g d (1) and 30 kg vs 951.1 g d (1) and 31 kg). During the growing period no differences were found on growth performance between treatments. Pigs fed sorghum-DDGS ...
Investigations of leg abnormalities in chicks consuming high tannin sorghum grain diets.
Studies were conducted into the etiology of leg abnormalities noted in chicks fed high tannin sorghum grain diets. These anomalies were characterized by a bowing of the legs with a swelling of the hock joints. The incidence of these leg problems was
Sorghum - Jackson County Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service
Aug 11, 2016 Tillman County Grain Sorghum Field Tour (Tipton Valley Research Center, located 4 miles south of Tipton on Highway 5, from Aug 11, 2016 11:00 AM to Aug 11, 2016 12:30 PM) ...
Sorghum - Dryland Cereals
A five-day training workshop for NARS cereal breeding technicians was organized by ICRISAT-Nairobi at their Kiboko field station from 8-12 August. The objective of the workshop was to enhance participants knowledge and capacity on theory and practical application of emasculation, pollination, seed production and data collection in sorghum, finger millet and pearl millet for improved management of their breeding programs. The training brought together 12 participants from Kenya (6), Ethiopia (1), Tanzania (4) and Malawi (2). The training was conducted by…. ...
Sorghums for Forage and Grain in South Dakota by A.N. Hume and C. Franzke
Hume, A.N. and Franzke, C., Sorghums for Forage and Grain in South Dakota (1934). Research Bulletins of the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (1887-2011). 285 ...
Sorghum Farming (Crop Cultivation) Videos on agriculture-xprt.com
Find and compare a variety of sorghum farming (crop cultivation) videos on agriculture-xprt.com on the worlds largest agricultural portal. View product and services catalogs, brochures, case studies, company news and more. Contact providers to ...
Sorghum Update - (chinch bugs, corn leaf aphids, corn earworms) | Extension Entomology
--by Dr. Jeff Whitworth and Dr. Holly Schwarting Chinch bugs continue to be very active in both corn and sorghum throughout north centr...
Nebraska Team Merges Machine Learning, Plant Genetics to Maximize Sorghum Potential | CropWatch | University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Sorghum is emerging as a star player in the biofuels industry. With its water use efficiency, resistance to heat, and low cost of seed, it could outpace corn, with a little boost from improved genetics. To aid that, a UNL team was recently awarded a $2.7 million grant to work on a rapid, efficient method for characterizing its gene functions.
Sensory Acceptability of Sorghum Peanut Blend (SPB) and Corn Soy Blend Plus (CSB+) By Young Children With Moderate Acute...
Sensory Acceptability of Sorghum Peanut Blend (SPB) and Corn Soy Blend Plus (CSB+) By Young Children With Moderate Acute Malnutrition in Karamoja, Uganda
ISBN 0-521-24711-X. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sorghum. Wikibooks Cookbook has a recipe/module on Sorghum "Sorghum ... India Sorghum × drummondii - Sahel and West Africa Sorghum ecarinatum - Northern Territory, Western Australia Sorghum exstans ... Sorghum amplum - northwestern Australia Sorghum angustum - Queensland Sorghum arundinaceum - Africa, Indian Subcontinent, ... Madagascar, islands of the western Indian Ocean Sorghum bicolor - cultivated sorghum, often individually called sorghum, also ...
... is any of the many varieties of the sorghum grass whose stalks have a high sugar content. Sweet sorghum thrives ... Camp Sorghum, historical use of sorghum molasses List of syrups Rapuano, Rina (12 September 2012). "Sorghum Travels From The ... Media related to Sweet sorghum at Wikimedia Commons National Sweet Sorghum Producers and Processors Association Sweet Sorghum ... Sweet sorghum syrup is known as sorghum molasses in some regions of the United States, though in most of the U.S. the term ...
... , the Katherine sorghum, is a species of flowering plant in the family Poaceae, endemic only to limestone ... "Wide Hybridization and Utilization of Wild Relatives of Sorghum". Sorghum in the 21st Century: Food - Fodder - Feed - Fuel for ... An annual and a diploid, as a crop wild relative of Sorghum bicolor it is being studied for its resistance to various pest ... "Sorghum macrospermum E.D.Garber". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 23 April 2022. Ananda, ...
... , commonly known as Darwin canegrass, is a species of grass native to the Northern Territory and Western ... "Sorghum intrans". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions. v t e ( ... Sorghum, Poales of Australia, Flora of the Northern Territory, Angiosperms of Western Australia, Plants described in 1878, All ...
Rations consisted of cornmeal and sorghum syrup as the main staples in the diet; thus the camp became known as "Camp Sorghum". ... Camp Sorghum was a Confederate States Army prisoner of war camp located in Columbia, South Carolina during the American Civil ... List of Civil War POW Prisons and Camps Saluda Factory Historic District "Camp Sorghum Prisoner of War Camp". My Civil War. v t ... Established in late 1864 as a makeshift prison for approximately 1,400 Union officers, Camp Sorghum consisted of a 5-acre ( ...
... (also known as wild sorghum) is a grass plant in the family Poaceae that is found in eastern and northern ... "Sorghum leiocladum (Hack.) C.E.Hubb". PlantNET. The Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust. Retrieved 9 January 2013. Sorghum ... Sorghum, Poales of Australia, All stub articles, Panicoideae stubs). ...
... may refer to: Red Sorghum (novel), a 1986 Chinese novel by Mo Yan Red Sorghum (film), a 1987 Chinese film based on ... Mo Yan's novel Red Sorghum (TV series), a 2014 Chinese TV series based on Mo Yan's novel Sorghum bicolor, a grass usually ... cultivated for food This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Red Sorghum. If an internal link led you ...
... is a species of plant in the grass family, Poaceae, that occurs in central and eastern Africa, Yemen ... "Sorghum purpureosericeum (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Schweinf. & Asch". Plants of the World Online. The Trustees of the Royal Botanic ... Contu, S. (2013). "Sorghum purpureosericeum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2013: e.T44392161A44506411. doi:10.2305/IUCN ... Sorghum, Taxa named by Christian Ferdinand Friedrich Hochstetter, Taxa named by Achille Richard, Taxa named by Georg August ...
Sweet Sorghum Producers and Processors Association Sorghum Growth Stages Sequencing of the Sorghum Genome Sweet Sorghum Ethanol ... grass sorghums (for pasture and hay), sweet sorghums (formerly called "Guinea corn", used to produce sorghum syrups), and broom ... Sorghum has a waxy coating on its leaves and stems which helps to keep water in the plant, even in intense heat. Sorghum is ... Sorghum as it is generally consumed is not a source of vitamin C. The following table shows the nutrient content of sorghum and ...
Commercial sorghum, sorghum and its general uses Sorghum bicolor, the principal modern crop species of Sorghum Sweet sorghum, ... Look up Sorghum or sorghum in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Sorghum is a cultivated cereal. The genus Sorghum contains the ... any of the varieties of the sorghum plant with a high sugar content Sorghum may also refer to: Camp Sorghum was a Confederate ... formerly Sorghum) Red Sorghum (disambiguation) Sorghum halepense or Johnsongrass. This disambiguation page lists articles ...
... is a species of wild Sorghum native to most of tropical Asia, from India to Southeast Asia, southern China, ... A perennial, rhizomatous diploid with the same number of chromosomes (2n=20) as the annual, non-rhizomatous diploid Sorghum ... J. 7: 249 (1931) "Sorghum propinquum (Kunth) Hitchc". Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic ... Sorghum halepense L. ('Johnsongrass')". Frontiers in Genetics. 11: 317. doi:10.3389/fgene.2020.00317. PMC 7240026. PMID ...
"United Sorghum Checkoff Program , Investing in Sorghum Profitability". United Sorghum Checkoff. "Sweet Sorghum : A New "Smart ... Sorghum can be grown as an alternative to maize. For example, in a crop rotation, maize can be replaced by sorghum. Sorghum has ... Sorghum bicolor is the cultivated species of sorghum; its wild relatives make up the botanical genus Sorghum. The first ... "Our sorghum pre-breeding program , OZ Sorghum". OZ Sorghum. Retrieved 2018-08-10. Mace, Emma S.; Cruickshank, Alan W.; Tao, ...
Sorghum × almum
... , the Columbus grass, is a hybrid species of flowering plant in the family Poaceae. Its parents are Sorghum ... "Sorghum × almum Parodi". Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 24 July ... "Sorghum x almum (SORAL)". EPPO Global Database. European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. 2021. Retrieved 24 ... Common names; almum grass, Argentine grass ... almum sorghum Heuzé, V.; Tran, G.; Baumont, R. (11 May 2015). "Columbus grass ( ...
Sorghum × drummondii
It may also be known as Sorghum bicolor × Sorghum arundinaceum after its parents. Some authorities consider all three species ... It is distinguished from the grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) by the grain (caryopsis) not being exposed at maturity.[citation ... Sorghum × drummondii (Sudan grass), is a hybrid-derived species of grass raised for forage and grain, native to tropical and ... "Taxonomy browser (Sorghum bicolor subsp. Drummondii)". Kanatas, Panagiotis; Gazoulis, Ioannis; Zannopoulos, Stavros; Tataridas ...
There are several different types of sorghum such as grain sorghum, grass sorghum, sweet sorghum and broomcorn. Grain sorghum ... Sorghum is grown on more than 48 ha area around the world. Overall sorghum is a very important crop worldwide, and can be ... Sorghum is naturally high in fiber and iron, as well as protein. Sorghum also has great health affects; it is a principal ... Sorghum can and is frequently harvested by hand. The demand for sorghum has decreased in Asia over the last number of years. ...
... , commonly known as Downs sorghum, is an annual tropical Asian and Australasian grass native to the island of ... GrassBase page for Sorghum timorense Photo from FloraBase v t e (All articles with dead external links, Articles with dead ... Clayton, W.D.; Vorontsova, M.S.; Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. "Sorghum timorense". GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. ... Under its treatment as Sorghum timorense, from its basionym Andropogon tropicus var. timorense, this plant name was first ...
Sorghum bicolor var. arundinaceum, or Sorghum bicolor subsp. verticilliflorum. "Sorghum arundinaceum (Desv.) Stapf". Plants of ... Sorghum arundinaceum, the common wild sorghum, is a species of flowering plant in the family Poaceae. It is native to Sub‑ ... It is the wild progenitor of cultivated sorghum, Sorghum bicolor, with some authorities considering it to be a mere variety or ... Registry-Migration.Gbif.Org (2021). "Sorghum arundinaceum (Desv.) Stapf". GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. GBIF ...
Red Sorghum (novel)
The novel is a compilation of five novellas: "Red Sorghum", "Sorghum Wine", "Dog Ways", "Sorghum Funeral", and "Strange Death ... As the principal crop of Shandong province's Northeast Gaomi Township (the author's hometown), red sorghum (sorghum bicolor) ... "Sorghum Wine" in the July 1986 issue of PLA Arts, "Sorghum Funeral" in the August 1986 issue of Beijing Wenxue and "Strange ... The Red Sorghum Family, 2. Translation from Mo Yan, Red Sorghum: A Novel of China, trans. Howard Goldblatt," Edward L. Davis ...
Sorghum mosaic virus
... (SrMV) is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Potyviridae. ICTVdB - The Universal Virus Database: ... Sorghum mosaic virus Family Groups - The Baltimore Method v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches ...
Seha Sorghum Mill
The Seha Sorghum Mill is a historic sorghum syrup mill in Janesville Township, Minnesota, United States, in operation circa ... The Seha Sorghum Mill stands on a farm about 1 mile (1.6 km) east of Elysian, Minnesota. It was built onto a low hill, allowing ... Sorghum stalks were sent down a conveyor belt at the uphill, east-end of the complex and crushed in a three-cylinder roller ... Sorghum syrup production began in Minnesota as early as 1860 and reached its peak in the 1880s. The south-central portion of ...
Red Sorghum (film)
Red Sorghum at IMDb Red Sorghum at Rotten Tomatoes Red Sorghum at AllMovie Red Sorghum at the Chinese Movie Database (Articles ... Red Sorghum is a 1988 Chinese film about a young woman's life working in a distillery for sorghum liquor. It is based on the ... Red Sorghum: A Novel of China. ISBN 0-14-016854-0. Ng, Yvonne (1995-04-10). "Imagery and Sound in Red Sorghum". Kinema: A ... Red Sorghum is narrated by the main characters' grandson, but Red Sorghum lacks the flashback framing device of The Road Home ( ...
Sorghum production in Chad
... is one of the country's most important subsistence crops. In Chad, sorghum (Sorghum guineense) is a ... ISBN 978-0-7614-2327-0. v t e (All stub articles, Chad stubs, Sorghum production, Agriculture in Chad). ...
List of sorghum diseases
Atherigona soccata (sorghum shoot fly, a major pest): The larvae cut the growing point of the sorghum leaf. Agonoscelis ... The larvae attack sorghum and maize. Present at low and mid altitudes. Contarinia sorghicola (sorghum midge or cecidomyie du ... This article is a list of diseases of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). Insect pests include: Root feeders white grubs Holotrichia ... Larvae feed on developing ovaries of sorghum grains. Melanaphis sacchari (sugar cane aphid) attacks sorghum. Sitophilus zeamais ...
Red Sorghum (TV series)
"Zhou Xun as teen in 'Red Sorghum'". China.org.cn. November 6, 2014. "Film star Zhou Xun plays teen in TV's 'Red Sorghum'". Sina ... the Gaomi local government planted more than 200 hectares of sorghum. The field, now known as "Red Sorghum TV Production Base ... Red Sorghum (Chinese: 红高粱) is a 2014 Chinese television series based on Nobel laureate Mo Yan's 1986 novel of the same name. ... "Zhou Xun fills Gong Li's shoes in a remake of Red Sorghum". The Straits Times. "电视剧收视率排行榜 , 收视率排行" (in Chinese (China)). ...
... "sourgum". Water tupelo, a long-lived tupelo tree occasionally referred to as "sourgum". Sour gum, a sour type of chewing gum. ... Sour gum can refer to: Black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), a medium-sized deciduous tree occasionally referred to as " ... This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Sour gum. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to ...
In the case of λ-cyhalothrin, the current US label includes its use on alfalfa; canola; corn; rice; sorghum; cereals including ...
Collier, Peter (1884). Sorghum. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co. p. 280. ISBN 9785879072341. Retrieved 21 July 2020. Egypt min. ...
They include such important crops as maize (corn), sugarcane, and sorghum. All species in this tribe use C4 carbon fixation, ... The Andropogoneae, sometimes called the sorghum tribe, are a large tribe of grasses (family Poaceae) with roughly 1,200 species ... of Sorghum?) Homozeugos Imperata Lasiorhachis Leptatherum (syn. Polliniopsis) Miscanthidium Miscanthus (syn. Diadranthus, ... of Eulalia?) Saccharum Sclerostachya Sorghastrum Sorghum (syn. Sarga, Vacoparis) Trachypogon Tripidium Veldkampia ...
Arabic language influence on the Spanish language
alcandía: Sorghum. From Andalusi Arabic qatniyya. alcandora: A type of shirt. From Arabic qandura. alcanería: A rural term for ...
In the northern part, the main staple foods include millet and sorghum. Yam, maize and beans are used across Ghana as staple ... Tuo zaafi is a millet, sorghum or maize dish originating from Northern Ghana. Fonfom is a maize dish popular in south-western ... The color comes from the indigenous grass Sorghum bicolor. This side dish bears striking similarities to West Indian rice and ... "Bicolor Sorghum". www.specialtyproduce.com. Retrieved 22 March 2018. BetumiBlog: Search results for fante fante BetumiBlog: ...
Sorghum Archives - Nufarm Australia
Sorghum bicolor - Wikimedia Commons
Sorghum rigidum; Sorghum cernuum; Holcus dochna; Sorghum exsertum; Andropogon sorghum; Sorghum durra; Sorghum notabile; Sorghum ... Sorghum vulgare; Sorghum bicolor; Sorghum saccharatum; Andropogon sorghum; Sorghum roxburghii; Sorghum technicum; Sorghum ... Sorghum bicolor; モロコシ; Sorghum bicolor; Dawa; ذره بيضاء; Sorghum bicolor; סתוויון; Sorghum bicolor; Sorghum bicolor; 수수; 高粱; ... Sorghum bicolor; durra; čirok obecný; Майло; Джугара; Sorghum durra; Sorghum bicolor; Sorghum bicolor; Saggina; Sorgo; Sorghum ...
Sorghum and millets in human nutrition
There are other classes of sorghums such as sorghos, grass sorghums, broom-corn sorghum and specialpurpose sorghum. ... Sorghum. Sorghum, Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench, is known under a variety of names: great millet and guinea corn in West Africa, ... and in 1805 Person suggested the name Sorghum vulgare for Holcus sorghum (L.). In 1961 Clayton proposed the name Sorghum ... Sorghum bicolor. Sorghum, great millet, guinea corn, kafir corn, aura, mtama, jowar, cholam. kaoliang, milo, milo-maize. ...
Sources of Sorghum Anthracnose Resistance Discovered : USDA ARS
Sorghum from the ARS National Sorghum Germplasm Collection. Click the image for more information about it. ... The United States produces about one-fifth of the worlds sorghum and is the leading exporter of grain sorghum. But Africa is ... ARS Home » News & Events » News Articles » Research News » 2006 » Sources of Sorghum Anthracnose Resistance Discovered ... Sources of Sorghum Anthracnose Resistance Discovered. By Jim Core. February 3, 2006. Agricultural Research Service (ARS) ...
Top Sorghum Producing Countries in the World - WorldAtlas
The United States leads the world in sorghum production. ... Top Sorghum Producing Countries in the World. Sorghum is an ... Sorghum grows well in areas with warm climates. The crop is grown for both domestic consumption and as a cash crop. Sorghum has ... Top Sorghum Producing Countries in the World. Rank. Country. Sorghum Production (Million Metric Tons, Avg 1994-2014) Source: ... As a cereal, sorghum is the 3rd most produced grain in the country. The country has several regions that yield large sorghum ...
Sorghum Product Positioning Profile | Pioneer® Seeds
Sorghum Custard Pie with Cornmeal Crust
Lightly spiced with brown sugar and cinnamon, the filling really lets the flavor of sorghum shine. ... Lightly spiced with brown sugar and cinnamon, the filling really lets the flavor of sorghum shine. "Sorghum syrup is the ... This recipe for Sorghum Custard Pie with Cornmeal Crust comes from writer and baker Keia Mastrianni, who has earned a dedicated ... Add sorghum syrup, eggs, and egg yolk, whisking until thoroughly combined. Whisk in the cream. Pour into prepared pie shell. ...
What Is Sorghum Flour?
Sorghum flour is a gluten-free flour with mild, sweet flavor and smooth texture, commonly used to make gluten free cakes, ... What Is Sorghum Flour? Sorghum is a cereal grain, and the variety used for making flour is usually Sorghum bicolor, also ... Where to Buy Sorghum Flour Sorghum flour can be found a many of the larger supermarket chains, usually in the health food or ... How to Cook With Sorghum Flour One thing to know about sorghum flour is that it can impart a sour flavor to your baked goods, ...
Turkey Sorghum Total Distribution Annual Growth Rate
Download - Sorghum-Glazed American Lamb Chop | Podbean
Jammir Gray, executive chef at Compline Restaurant and Wine Shop, in Napa, CA, was inspired to make this dish by her Southern roots. Chef uses frenched racks of American-raised lamb, known for their beautiful, large, and tender ribeyes, for maximum flavor and impressive presentation. This video was produced by The Culinary Institute of America as an industry service to the American Lamb Board.. Get the Sorghum-Glazed American Lamb Chop recipe here! ...
Sorghum Archives - The Land Institute
Sorghum. Towards a perennial biomass sorghum crop: A comparative investigation of biomass yields and overwintering of Sorghum ... Sorghum. Response to selection in the initial stages of a perennial sorghum breeding program. Author: Nabukalu, P. and S. Cox. ... Sorghum. Multi-phase US spread and habitat switching of a post-Columbian invasive, Sorghum halepense. Author: Sezen, U.U., J.N ... Category: Sorghum. July 29, 2022. , Barley, Intermediate Wheatgrass, Kernza, Perennial Crops, Sorghum, Wheat ...
Indigenous Seeds | Sorghum - Native-Seeds-Search
... (Sorghum vulgare; Ukrainian: sorho). A strong and hardy cereal grass of the family Gramineae (Poaceae), raised chiefly ... The species includes the grain sorghums-durra, milo, and millet-as well as broom corn and Sudan grass (S. sudanense; Ukrainian ... List of related links from Encyclopedia of Ukraine pointing to Sorghum entry:. 1 Argentina. 2 Sudan grass. ... Sweet sorghums, or sorgos, are used for syrup manufacture (see Starch-. and-. syrup industry). ...
Red Truck Bakery's Peanut Brittle with Sorghum - Garden & Gun
Lemon-Garlic Tenderloin with Warm Sorghum Salad
... Recipe courtesy of the United Sorghum Checkoff Program, National Pork Board ... Slice pork tenderloin and serve with warm sorghum salad.. Nutritional information per serving: 436 calories; 15 g total fat (2 ... As part of the Powerful Pairings initiative - launched by the United Sorghum Checkoff Program, National Pork Board and USA ... Add sorghum. Reduce heat to simmer and cook, covered, 45-60 minutes, or until tender. ...
DA to expand sorghum planting to boost feeds - BusinessWorld Online
Sorghum is one of the five most important cereal crops in the world together with rice, wheat, maize, and barley. It also ... The production of sorghum is expected to supplement the corn crop, for which prices have been rising, in order to contain costs ... "Sorghum which was introduced to the Philippines about 40 years ago, but never really gained popularity as a source of protein ... "The sorghum program will be supported by a loan program of the DAs Agricultural Credit Policy Council (ACPC), the Agriculture ...
Trident Vibes Sour Gum - 40 CT - Albertsons
RGV Sorghum Growers on Alert for Aphid Bug
... 5 years 9 months 6 days ago Tuesday, February 28 2017 Feb 28, 2017 February 28, 2017 ... Sorghum grower Mike England said its been his nemesis ever since.. "When it comes to the Aphid, when it comes to biblical ... MERCEDES - Warmer temperatures in the Rio Grande Valley has sorghum growers taking preventative measures to protect their crops ...
Sweet sorghum - ICRISAT
Multiple resistant Sorghum halepense from Argentina
Sorghum halepense). #. Country. Country. StateName. FirstYear. Situation. Active Ingredients. CountryID. Site of Action. WeedID ... Target-Site Resistance to Nicosulfuron in Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense) from Chilean Corn Fields.. Weed Science 63 : 631 - ... Sorghum halepense) Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action Inhibition of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase HRAC Group 1 (Legacy A) ... Sorghum halepense. Johnsongrass. 17146. 15 Serbia. Serbia. 2018. Soybean fluazifop-butyl, and nicosulfuron 245. Multiple ...
NexSteppe's Sorghum Approved for Commercial Sale in South Africa : Biofuels Digest
Approved hybrids include both Malibu sweet sorghum and Palo Alto biomass sorghum hybrids. ... NexSteppes Sorghum Approved for Commercial Sale in South Africa. December 18, 2016 , Jim Lane ... Designed to have low moisture levels at maturity, Palo Alto biomass sorghums significantly lessen the amount of water harvested ... NexSteppes Palo Alto biomass sorghum hybrids provide a high-yielding, low-cost biomass feedstock for biopower and cellulosic ...
CalPhotos: Sorghum halepense; Johnsongrass
Using this photo This photo and associated text may not be used except with express written permission from Robert F Norris. To obtain permission for personal, academic, commercial, or other uses, or to inquire about high resolution images, prints, fees, or licensing, or if you have other questions, contact Robert F Norris [email protected] ...
Advocacy - National Sorghum Producers
Forage Sorghum Management. If managed properly, forage sorghums make excellent hay for supplemental feeding during times of ... The National Sorghum Producers is an organization that represents U.S. sorghum growers through legislative and regulatory ... This means sorghum growers have an ally in Washington, D.C. When Congress is in session working on a farm bill, an energy bill ... The NSP office is located in the heart of the Sorghum Belt, so we have a constant heartbeat on what is most important to your ...
Aphids in Grain Sorghum
This insect is a serious threat to grain sorghum because it will inject a toxin while feeding. Large numbers are capable of ... In preboot to mature sorghum, an application may be justified when green bugs cause desiccation of more than two of the lowest ... Yellow sugarcane aphids will occasionally infest grain sorghum and can cause an issue due to the injection of a toxin when ... Recently, David Kerns and I have been receiving more calls about aphids in grain sorghum. Three species of aphids colonize ...
The genome sequence of Bipolaris cookei reveals mechanisms of pathogenesis underlying target leaf spot of sorghum | Scientific...
The draft genome sequence of B. cookei provided novel insights into target leaf spot of sorghum and is an important resource ... Among 37 B. cookei genes induced during sorghum infection, one encodes a putative effector with a limited taxonomic ... one of the most prevalent foliar diseases of sorghum. Little is known about the molecular basis of pathogenesis in B. cookei, ... A) Sorghum plants with symptoms of target leaf spot in the field. (B) Necrotic lesions caused by target leaf spot on a sorghum ...
Research Note: Bird-Resistant Pollination Bags for Sorghum Breeding and Germplasm Maintenance
Bird damage is a problem in sorghum breeding and germplasm maintenance operations. Paper pollination bags are damaged by rain ... D. Gitz III, J. Baker, Z. Xin, R. Lascano, J. Burke and S. Duke, "Research Note: Bird-Resistant Pollination Bags for Sorghum ... J. F. Pedersen, J. J. Toy and B. Johnson, "Natural Out-crossing of Sorghum and Sudangrass in the Central Great Plains," Crop ... Bird damage is a problem in sorghum breeding and germplasm maintenance operations. Paper pollination bags are damaged by rain ...
Vegan Rob's Potato & Sorghum Cauli Crisps with Probiotics - Vegan Action
Sorghum Gluten-Free Pancakes Recipes
Sorghum Pancakes. Store pancakes in even numbers (two, four or six work best) in resealable freezer bags for a speedy breakfast ... ","sorghum","under-45-mins","vegetarian"], "title": "Sorghum Pancakes" }}> ... ","sorghum","under-45-mins","vegetarian"], "title": "Sorghum Pancakes" }}> ... ","sorghum","under-45-mins","vegetarian"], "title": "Sorghum Pancakes" }}> ...
Shallu, or 'Egyptian Wheat': A Late-Maturing Variety of Sorghum - UNT Digital Library
This bulletin is intended for farmers who are interested in the growing of grain-sorghum crops. It applies to the southern ... Many varieties of sorghum have been introduced into the United States in the past 30 or 40 years. Some of these have proved ... records the results obtained from shallu when grown under such conditions in comparison with other varieties of grain sorghum ... Many varieties of sorghum have been introduced into the United States in the past 30 or 40 years. Some of these have proved ...
BicolorGluten-freeMilletCropsUnited Sorghum Checkoff ProgramGrainsSyrupStalksProducer of sorghumSeedsGrownRiceAfricaHalepenseMolassesNational Sorghum ProducersWorld'sCerealsHybridsVarieties of sorghumEthanolSpecies2020NutrientFloursFlour can be foundWhole-grainGermplasmCropGenotypesGrowersIndiaProductionFeedstockNutritionalMilletsBiofuelsSugarcane aphidsMaizeGenusCaneGenesYieldAphidsQuinoaCultivationLivestockSoilRecipeIngredientsSweetProducersExportsGenome
- Sorghum, Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench, is known under a variety of names: great millet and guinea corn in West Africa, kafir corn in South Africa, dura in Sudan, mtama in eastern Africa, jowar in India and kaoliang in China (Purseglove, 1972). (fao.org)
- Sorghum is a cereal grain, and the variety used for making flour is usually Sorghum bicolor , also referred to as jowar flour. (thespruceeats.com)
- Abstract: A perennial version of grain sorghum [S.bicolor (L.) Moench] would create opportunities for greatly reducing tillage and preventing soil degradation. (landinstitute.org)
- Sorghum bicolor L. (who.int)
- In this study, a genome-wide analysis was performed in Sorghum bicolor to characterize SOD genes and proteins. (tubitak.gov.tr)
- Sorghum flour is a gluten -free flour with a mild, sweet flavor and smooth texture. (thespruceeats.com)
- Many gluten-free bakers like to use sorghum flour as a substitute for oat flour, since it has a comparable texture and protein content. (thespruceeats.com)
- Because sorghum flour is gluten free, doughs made from sorghum flour need some sort of binder to hold it together. (thespruceeats.com)
- With that said, sorghum flour is frequently used as one component of gluten-free baking mixes which already have all the necessary binders mixed in. (thespruceeats.com)
- Here are a few gluten-free recipes that use sorghum flour. (thespruceeats.com)
- Sorghum: The next big gluten-free grain? (bakeryandsnacks.com)
- Leading scientists have hailed sorghum as a highly nutritious and cost-effective gluten-free grain, but said industry use remains nascent. (bakeryandsnacks.com)
- Speaking to BakeryandSnacks.com, Pontieri said sorghum has great potential to produce high quality gluten-free products. (bakeryandsnacks.com)
- "In both the US and Argentina, and also recently in the Campania region of Italy, there is a great deal of interest in sorghum not just from the gluten-free industry, but by the general food and snack makers," Pontieri said. (bakeryandsnacks.com)
- Turner said the level of opportunity for industry use of sorghum as a gluten-free ingredient is strong. (bakeryandsnacks.com)
- "As a gluten-free grain, it is possible to incorporate sorghum flours or brans into foods, and it can also serve as a popped snack," Turner said. (bakeryandsnacks.com)
- When compared to other gluten-free grains, sorghum is generally cheaper. (bakeryandsnacks.com)
- The answer is that sorghum is a naturally non-GMO, gluten-free grain that not only contains an abundance of antioxidants, vitamins, and twice the protein of quinoa, it happens to be extremely drought-tolerant, requiring 30% less water than other grains. (non-gmoreport.com)
- Gluten-Free Kisir with Sorghum is a hearty, delicious meal. (gfreefoodie.com)
- I have used "sweet" sorghum in my gluten-free baking for a few years now. (gfreefoodie.com)
- A family business focused on Sorghum cultivation used EAFRD support to set up their own mill and now supply high quality, gluten free Sorghum flour to the Hungarian market. (europa.eu)
- Sorghum flour is gluten-free, versatile, and has a mild taste. (onthegas.org)
- Readers of this book may also be interested in the standards for sorghum and pearl millet grains and flours prepared by the Codex Alimentarius Commission under the Joint FAD/WHO Food Standards Programme. (fao.org)
- That means that most bakers don't use sorghum flour on its own but rather in combination with other ingredients, such as sweet rice flour, millet flour and potato starch. (thespruceeats.com)
- Sorghum flour is beige, and millet flour is yellow while potato starch and rice flour are usually white. (thespruceeats.com)
- In response to such comments we have designed this project specifically to move sorghum and millet production technologies onto farmers' fields, link farmers' organizations to food and feed processors and to commercialize processing technologies so as to enhance markets. (unl.edu)
- FAO will contribute in the agriculture sector distributing improved rice, maize, sorghum, millet and fertilizers. (who.int)
- Crops such as coffee, great cocoa, and soft cotton are the chief crops, and also the crops of food such as corn, sorghum, millet, cassava, and the yams are cultivated and exported to other countries as well. (worldatlas.com)
- Obushera is a popular sorghum or millet based fermented beverage from western Uganda that is used or infant feeding. (mak.ac.ug)
- Sorghum and millets grow in harsh environments where other crops do not grow well. (fao.org)
- Sorghum and millets are grown in harsh environments where other crops grow or yield poorly. (fao.org)
- Sorghum is one of the five most important cereal crops in the world together with rice, wheat, maize, and barley. (bworldonline.com)
- MERCEDES - Warmer temperatures in the Rio Grande Valley has sorghum growers taking preventative measures to protect their crops. (krgv.com)
- Sorghum is naturally adapted to harsh growing environments, particularly locations where heat, drought, and marginal soils limit the profitability of crops such as corn or wheat 7 . (nature.com)
- This bulletin is intended for farmers who are interested in the growing of grain-sorghum crops. (unt.edu)
- Saving 1.5 trillion gallons of irrigation water per year, it's no wonder sorghum is known as the "camel of crops. (non-gmoreport.com)
- In the high-temperature/low-moisture environment of the High Plains, sorghum captures 25% more carbon during respiration than grass-based food crops. (non-gmoreport.com)
- Similar to other crops, there are a few insects capable of causing economic damage in sorghum if not managed timely and efficiently. (sorghumcheckoff.com)
- As with other crops, weed control is critical in producing good sorghum yields. (sorghumcheckoff.com)
- Like other crops, sorghum is susceptible to a number of economically important diseases. (sorghumcheckoff.com)
- Profit potential is promising for grain sorghum in 2020 compared to other crops. (dtnpf.com)
- The chance for profitable return is better for grain sorghum than most crops in 2020, driving a surge in acres seeded. (dtnpf.com)
- Sorghum also is usually cheaper to raise than other crops given the current economic climate. (dtnpf.com)
- A new study that examines the genetics behind the bitter taste of some sorghum plants and one of Africa's most reviled bird species illustrates how human genetics, crops and the environment influence one another in the process of plant domestication. (phys.org)
- The study, published recently in the scientific journal Nature Plants , looked at how human genetics, and the presence of bird species with a taste for sorghum seeds might have influenced the traits farmers in Africa selected in their crops over thousands of years. (phys.org)
- And, because condensed tannins were bred out of other cereal crops, this kind of research is possible only with sorghum, he said. (phys.org)
- The experiments involving sorghum grown in Iowa found sparrows would feed on the seeds of plants without tannin but left alone the cultivars that contained tannin, reinforcing the concept that herbivore threats to sorghum crops prefer non-tannin varieties. (phys.org)
- Though camelina, jatropha and other novel feedstocks have grabbed most of the headlines, look for sweet sorghum and grain sorghum (both) to slowly establish itself as the most interesting set of terrestrial alternatives to traditional grain and oilseed crops. (biofuelsdigest.com)
- We consider sweet sorghum an ideal 'smart crop' because it produces food as well as fuel," said William Dar, director general of the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). (stephenleahy.net)
- Sweet sorghum is easier and cheaper to grow than other biofuel crops in India and does not require irrigation, an important factor in dry areas. (stephenleahy.net)
- Atrazine (6-Chloro-N-ethyl-N'-(1-methylethyhl)-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine) is a triazine herbicide used widely on a variety of crops, especially maize, sorghum, and sugar-cane, for the pre- and post-emergent control of broad-leaved weeds. (who.int)
United Sorghum Checkoff Program1
- The majority of U.S. sorghum is grown on the High Plains since it's a great fit for the harsh, semi-arid region," said Adam York, sustainability director at the United Sorghum Checkoff Program , the producer-funded organization supporting the industry. (non-gmoreport.com)
- The Department of Agriculture is embarking on a program to increase the production of feed grains by targeting 200,000 hectares to be planted to sorghum by the First Quarter of 2020," Agriculture Secretary Emmanuel F. Piñol said in a social media post. (bworldonline.com)
- We at Anson Mills love sorghum in particular not only because we have a thing for cereal grains, but also because sorghum is important to the soil in cereal crop rotation. (ansonmills.com)
- Bob's Red Mill has recently started selling whole grain sorghum as part of their Grains of Discovery line. (gfreefoodie.com)
- Sorghum panicles with non-tannin grains were devoured by the sparrows, leaving only the dark-colored glumes, while panicles with tannin grains were left alone. (phys.org)
- Sorghum syrup is the currency of the mountains, and this product bears the signature of the land from which it came as well as the hand of its maker," notes Mastrianni. (southernliving.com)
- Increase the heat to medium and add the sugar, sorghum syrup, corn syrup, and baking soda. (gardenandgun.com)
- The Kerr Center published the original edition in response to the resurgence of interest in small-scale sorghum syrup production, and also to document and share the Center's extensive experience with the crop. (kerrcenter.com)
- Sweet sorghum syrup from Sandhill Farm, organically grown and processed near Rutledge, Mo. (saucemagazine.com)
- The members of the Sandhill community work each fall with interns, friends and other cooperatives to process the sorghum cane into syrup. (saucemagazine.com)
- In addition to the sorghum syrup, honey and prepared mustard it sells at the Web site www.sandhillfarm.org, Sandhill also sells seasonal items like frozen tempeh, hard-necked Sandhill garlic, horseradish and salsas at harvest fairs and at the farm. (saucemagazine.com)
- Measure for measure, the home cook can substitute sorghum for honey, corn syrup, molasses or maple syrup. (saucemagazine.com)
- Sorghum is grown for biomass, for grain, and for its stalk, which produces a sweet syrup favored in the southern U.S. It thrives in the tropics as well as arid regions, maturing quickly (75 days) and often growing to 15 feet tall. (non-gmoreport.com)
- The aroma of fresh baked biscuits and a distinct spicy sweetness mingled with butter announced morning, and daddy was in rise-and-shine mode with his accompaniments of butter and sorghum syrup. (deepsouthmag.com)
- True sorghum syrup is still produced in the old, time-honored fashion in an open pan, and at the festival, visitors can watch the process, complete with mule power and wood fires blazing. (deepsouthmag.com)
- Adding sorghum syrup to Brunswick Stew. (deepsouthmag.com)
- Sorghum i s a sweet sticky syrup, dark amber in color with thick consistency. (sweetwatervalley.com)
- Sorghum syrup may crystallize like honey, but gently heat in a pot of water on the stove top to return the sorghum to a liquid. (sweetwatervalley.com)
- Sorghum syrup is produced by extracting the juice from the sorghum stalks, and then boiling it down to the desired consistency. (sweetwatervalley.com)
- We lightly sweeten our granola with sorghum syrup, a nutritional powerhouse and 'maple syrup of the South. (sweetgrassgranola.com)
- Rich Sorghum Cane Syrup, American Hemp Seeds & Appalachian Sea Salt. (sweetgrassgranola.com)
- Bing Cherries, Almonds & American Chia Sweetened with Sorghum Cane Syrup. (sweetgrassgranola.com)
- Dark Cocoa, Wild Seedling Pecans & American Hemp Seeds, Sweetened with Sorghum Cane Syrup. (sweetgrassgranola.com)
- Walnuts, Raisins & American Hemp Seeds, Sweetened with Sorghum Cane Syrup. (sweetgrassgranola.com)
- We also learned about sorghum syrup and how to make great granola. (sweetgrassgranola.com)
- We developed a new recipe for granola that was sweetened with sorghum syrup- that unique Kentucky grown sweetener that will soon be as iconic to our state as bourbon and bluegrass. (sweetgrassgranola.com)
- Sweet sorghum stalks contain up to 75% juice, varying between 12 and 23% in sugar. (unl.edu)
- The name also refers to the sweetener made by boiling down the juice from the crushed stalks of the sorghum plant. (kerrcenter.com)
- These range from root and seed damaging insects to those that feed on the leaves, the stalks of plants or directly on the sorghum grain. (sorghumcheckoff.com)
- With sweet sorghum, however, only the stalks are used for biofuel production, while the grain is saved for food or livestock feed. (stephenleahy.net)
- To produce ethanol, the sorghum stalks are crushed, yielding sweet juice that is fermented and distilled to obtain bioethanol. (stephenleahy.net)
Producer of sorghum4
- Statistics drawn from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAOSTAT) ranked the USA as the world's leading producer of sorghum, with a production total of 11.5 million metric tons. (worldatlas.com)
- This has made India the second largest producer of sorghum in the world. (worldatlas.com)
- The United States is the largest producer of sorghum, with output of 480 million bushels in 2016. (bworldonline.com)
- In 2016, the U.S. was the world's leading producer of sorghum, followed by Nigeria, Sudan, Mexico, India, and China ( https://www.worldsorghumproduction.com/previous-year.asp ). (nature.com)
- To learn more about forage sorghum, visit our webpage sponsored by Alta Seeds. (sorghumgrowers.com)
- To learn more about defending your sorghum crop from sugarcane aphids, visit our webpage sponsored by Alta Seeds. (sorghumgrowers.com)
- Oh, and within a year or so, look for Anson Mills to produce its own sorghum from heirloom seeds! (ansonmills.com)
- Nu Life offers proprietary sorghum seeds to farmers and packages varieties of whole grain flours, brans, meals, popped sorghum, and more. (non-gmoreport.com)
- Sorghum is an important cereal crop grown throughout the world. (worldatlas.com)
- Sorghum is a cereal plant drawn from the grass family and has been ranked among the top leading cereals grown around the world. (worldatlas.com)
- The areas in India where sorghum is largely grown include the Maharashtra and Karnataka regions. (worldatlas.com)
- Sorghum in Nigeria is mostly grown for food, while other minor uses includes livestock food and industrial raw material for production of malt and beer. (worldatlas.com)
- Sorghum is widely grown across the world because of its diverse use options. (worldatlas.com)
- It records the results obtained from shallu when grown under such conditions in comparison with other varieties of grain sorghum in varietal tests in Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, and New Mexico. (unt.edu)
- An important reason for this is that sorghum is a well understood crop and has been grown on a large scale for many years. (bakeryandsnacks.com)
- In one 2020 analysis, 95% of the sorghum grown saw a three-ton drop in carbon emissions, and a saving of 10,000 tons of soil from erosion. (non-gmoreport.com)
- Prior to the last decade or so, U.S. sorghum was grown for livestock feed and ethanol. (non-gmoreport.com)
- 6 million acres in 2022 were grown for grain sorghum. (non-gmoreport.com)
- Current practice of storing the sorghum harvest in outdoor stacks exposes the grain to a build up of moisture and subsequent growth of mycotoxin producing fungi A new project will analyse different varieties of sorghum grown in various locations across Sudan for more than 20 different mycotoxins. (who.int)
- Sweet sorghum is grown on already-farmed drylands that are low in carbon storage capacity, so the issue of clearing rainforest, of great concern for oil palm and sugarcane, does not apply. (stephenleahy.net)
- On the other hand, oat flour and brown rice flour are medium-weight flours that would make good substitutes for sorghum flour. (thespruceeats.com)
- Target areas for the sorghum program are areas currently planted to coconut, where it can be introduced as a secondary crop, as well in ancestral domain areas, and land currently plated to upland rice. (bworldonline.com)
- When your sorghum is cooked and the water is mostly absorbed- it will be chewier than quinoa or rice - drain any excess water (if there is more than a couple of tablespoons). (gfreefoodie.com)
- Sorghum is the world's fifth largest grain crop - behind rice, corn, wheat and barley. (stephenleahy.net)
- Corn, rice, and sorghum production forecasts are revised downward in marketing year MY 2022/23, while the wheat production estimate is increased to 3.6 MMT. (usda.gov)
- Substitute sorghum flour with rice flour on a 1:1 basis. (onthegas.org)
- For millions of people in the semi-arid tropics of Asia and Africa sorghum and millets are the most important staple foods. (fao.org)
- Sorghum and millets have been important staples in the semi-arid tropics of Asia and Africa for centuries. (fao.org)
- But Africa is the center of origin for this plant, so research geneticist and sorghum curator John E. Erpelding of ARS' Tropical Agriculture Research Station ( TARS ) in Mayaguez, Puerto Rico, looked to sorghum collections from African countries for resistance to the highly variable anthracnose pathogen. (usda.gov)
- Early species of sorghum were discovered in Australia, Africa, Indian Ocean, Mesoamerica, as well as parts of the Pacific Ocean. (worldatlas.com)
- Nigeria ranks as the top sorghum producing country in Africa, and the 3rd largest in the world. (worldatlas.com)
- In South Africa, the South African Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries has approved four NexSteppe sorghum hybrids for commercial sale in country. (biofuelsdigest.com)
- The project in Sudan is closely linked to three parallel national projects in Ethiopia, Burkina Faso and Mali, which are also among the major sorghum producing and consuming nations of Africa. (who.int)
- The unique geographic distribution in Africa of sorghum plants that contain condensed tannins , or biomolecules that often induce a bitter taste, provided one side of a "domestication triangle" that helped the researchers piece together the domestication puzzle, Li said. (phys.org)
- Sorghum is a cereal crop first domesticated in Africa that remains a staple food throughout the continent. (phys.org)
- The researchers noted that sorghum varieties with high levels of tannins commonly grow in eastern and southern Africa, while western African farmers tend to prefer varieties with low tannin content. (phys.org)
- They also consulted publicly accessible genotype information on human populations in Africa and found an associated distribution of the taste receptor TAS2R among Africans in regions that commonly grow sorghum with tannin. (phys.org)
- To arrive at their conclusions, the research team grew sorghum varieties with and without tannin and analyzed publicly available datasets on human genetics and wild bird populations in Africa to untangle how these factors interact with one another to influence the domestication of sorghum in Africa. (phys.org)
- Abstract: Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense) is a striking example of a post-Columbian founder event. (landinstitute.org)
- Johnsongrass ( Sorghum halepense ) is a monocot weed in the Poaceae family. (weedscience.org)
- In 2019 a Sorghum halepense population from a soybean field in the province of Cordoba, was found to be resistant to glyphosate, haloxifop, and clethodim . (weedscience.org)
- Sorghum smells light and tangy, with no hint of the sulfurous odor that characterizes molasses. (saucemagazine.com)
- Because it's sweeter than molasses, bakers will need to reduce the white sugar in cookie and pie recipes by about a third when using sorghum. (saucemagazine.com)
- Hildebrand makes it clear sorghum is not molasses. (saucemagazine.com)
- When we sell at harvest festivals, older folks sometimes ask for 'sorghum molasses. (saucemagazine.com)
- Molasses is a by-product of white sugar cane, while sorghum is a whole food product. (saucemagazine.com)
- Great sorghum is said to have the flavor diversity of great wine: a persistent floral, citrusy tang that dances above the predictable caramel and molasses nuances, and a bright mineral balance. (ansonmills.com)
- Many compare sorghum to molasses, which isn't far from the truth. (deepsouthmag.com)
- While molasses is derived from the process of making cane sugar, sorghum is made only from the juice of the sorghum cane, not a byproduct. (deepsouthmag.com)
- One year he received forty gallons of sorghum molasses in lieu of money. (drmuseum.net)
National Sorghum Producers2
- The National Sorghum Producers is an organization that represents U.S. sorghum growers through legislative and regulatory advocacy and through educational outreach. (sorghumgrowers.com)
- We are well on our way to meeting this target with China as a key driver once again," says John Duff, National Sorghum Producers (NSP) executive vice president. (dtnpf.com)
- The United States produces about one-fifth of the world's sorghum and is the leading exporter of grain sorghum. (usda.gov)
- The ideal climate behind the successful growth of corn also supports the growth of sorghum, and the country joins the world's leading producers of sorghum. (worldatlas.com)
- ICRISAT worked with nearly 800 farmers in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh and Rusni Distilleries to build the world's first commercial bioethanol plant running on sorghum, which began operations in June 2007. (stephenleahy.net)
- Grain Berry Cereals are the first and the only cereals to have Onyx Sorghum. (dodbuzz.com)
- Approved hybrids include both Malibu sweet sorghum and Palo Alto biomass sorghum hybrids. (biofuelsdigest.com)
- NexSteppe's Palo Alto biomass sorghum hybrids provide a high-yielding, low-cost biomass feedstock for biopower and cellulosic biofuels. (biofuelsdigest.com)
- Consumption of sorghum hybrids with low cyanogenic potential, or restriction of access to sorghum grasses may limit the incidence. (msdvetmanual.com)
- This study aimed to identify sorghum hybrids that are efficient in P use efficiency and assess the genetic diversity among hybrids based on traits related to P acquisition efficiency . (bvsalud.org)
- Thus, 38 sorghum hybrids and two inbred lines (checks) were evaluated under low and high P in a paper pouch system with nutrient solution . (bvsalud.org)
- The evaluated hybrids showed phenotypic diversity for traits related to P acquisition, such as root length and root surface area, which can be useful for establishing selection strategies for sorghum breeding programs and increasing P use efficiency . (bvsalud.org)
Varieties of sorghum1
- Many varieties of sorghum have been introduced into the United States in the past 30 or 40 years. (unt.edu)
- There's enough juice in an acre of sweet sorghum to make 400 to 800 gallons of ethanol. (unl.edu)
- Sorghum juice-derived ethanol is cheaper to produce than corn ethanol because it doesn't require the cooking and enzymes that corn requires for conversion of starch to sugar to fuel grade alcohol. (unl.edu)
- Current estimates suggest that intensive plant breeding and cultivation research could, over time, increase the sugar content of sorghum juice to a level needed to produce 1000 gallons of ethanol per acre. (unl.edu)
- We plan to evaluate the potential of sweet sorghum as an ethanol-producing crop for Nebraska. (unl.edu)
- Sweet sorghum juice doesn't require the long fermentation and cooking time needed to process corn ethanol. (unl.edu)
- The simplicity of ethanol production from sweet sorghum could lend itself to on-farm or small-cooperative efforts at fuel-making. (unl.edu)
- Ethanol plants in the State could choose, with some additional equipment, to make seasonal runs of sweet sorghum juice. (unl.edu)
- Ethanol is currently processed from sweet sorghum in Texas, Oklahoma, and Iowa, as well as India and other parts of the world. (unl.edu)
- We seek to enhance sweet sorghum performance on marginal lands, and to identify a strategy for improving its ethanol processing potential, two key components for developing this system for production in Midwest region. (unl.edu)
- Perform life-cycle analysis of sweet sorghum and triticale-ethanol systems for net energy yield, efficiency, and potential to mitigate greenhouse gasses as compared to other biofuels, such as corn grain-ethanol and petroleum-derived gasoline. (unl.edu)
- Conduct chemical and fermentation analysis of a) sweet sorghum sap for maximum conversion to ethanol and b) sorghum stover for cellulosic ethanol production. (unl.edu)
- Sweet sorghum stover also serves as an excellent feedstock for ethanol production. (unl.edu)
- Sugarcane consumes two and a half units of water to produce one unit of ethanol, whereas sweet sorghum produces one unit of ethanol from one unit of water. (stephenleahy.net)
- Three species of aphids colonize grain sorghum in Louisiana - corn leaf aphid, yellow sugarcane aphid and green bug. (lsuagcenter.com)
- Grazing on pastures containing sorghum plant species, particularly related to regrowth conditions, is not recommended for horses. (msdvetmanual.com)
- THE Department of Agriculture (DA) hopes to expand land planted to sorghum to 200,000 hectares by early 2020, as it views the grain to be highly suited to Philippine conditions. (bworldonline.com)
- Use the following key to help identify seven nutrient disorders observed in Nebraska corn and sorghum. (unl.edu)
- Sorghum flour is beige in color with a soft, somewhat clumpy consistency, but it combines well when whisked in with other flours. (thespruceeats.com)
- When mixing sorghum flour in with other flours to make an all-purpose blend , it's important to whisk until you no longer see the individual colors of the various flours. (thespruceeats.com)
Flour can be found1
- Sorghum flour can be found a many of the larger supermarket chains, usually in the health food or alternative baking aisles. (thespruceeats.com)
- Second, I finally found an excuse to make whole-grain sorghum. (gfreefoodie.com)
- So, when I stumbled across this bag of whole grain sorghum when I was grocery shopping, I just had to buy it. (gfreefoodie.com)
- Sorghum flour is made from finely ground whole grain sorghum. (onthegas.org)
- Sorghum from the ARS National Sorghum Germplasm Collection. (usda.gov)
- Agricultural Research Service ( ARS ) scientists scouring sorghum germplasm collections from African countries in search of anthracnose resistance for this valuable grain crop were surprised to find some key sources in unexpected locales. (usda.gov)
- Erpelding and Louis K. Prom , a plant pathologist at the ARS Crop Germplasm Research Unit in College Station , Texas, were not surprised to find resistance in about half of the lines evaluated from a subset of the Sudan collection, considered a center of diversity for sorghum. (usda.gov)
- Bird damage is a problem in sorghum breeding and germplasm maintenance operations. (scirp.org)
- D. Gitz III, J. Baker, Z. Xin, R. Lascano, J. Burke and S. Duke, "Research Note: Bird-Resistant Pollination Bags for Sorghum Breeding and Germplasm Maintenance," American Journal of Plant Sciences , Vol. 4 No. 3, 2013, pp. 571-574. (scirp.org)
- The production of sorghum is expected to supplement the corn crop, for which prices have been rising, in order to contain costs for the feed industry. (bworldonline.com)
- J. F. Pedersen, J. J. Toy and B. Johnson, "Natural Out-crossing of Sorghum and Sudangrass in the Central Great Plains," Crop Science, Vol. 38, No. 4, 1998, pp. 937-939. (scirp.org)
- 7′) Sorghum produces more organic matter than any other cover crop. (neseed.com)
- Sorghum can overcome water stress better than corn and therefore is considered a preferable crop choice in drier climates. (no-tillfarmer.com)
- Sweet sorghum is a perennial crop in areas that don't have a winter freeze. (unl.edu)
- Sorghum is a traditional crop throughout the southern United States and the lower Midwest. (kerrcenter.com)
- Li called this unique interaction among sorghum tannin, human taste receptors and herbivorous birds a unique triangle that offers unique insight into crop domestication. (phys.org)
- Al-Naggar A. M. M., El-Salam R. M. Abd, Asran M. R., Yaseen Walaa Y. S.. Yield Adaptability and Stability of Grain Sorghum Genotypes across Different Environments in Egypt using AMMI and GGE-biplot Models. (who.int)
- Diverse sorghum genotypes and two watering regimes were applied in a split-plot design. (bvsalud.org)
- The sorghum program will be supported by a loan program of the DA's Agricultural Credit Policy Council (ACPC), the Agriculture and Fisheries Machinery and Equipment (AFME) Loaning Program which extends loans at 2% to poultry and livestock growers to establish their own village-level feed mills," he said. (bworldonline.com)
- This means sorghum growers have an ally in Washington, D.C. When Congress is in session working on a farm bill, an energy bill, trade, and environmental legislation, or other agriculturally pertinent bills, NSP is in your corner. (sorghumgrowers.com)
- At the same time, we maintain a presence in Washington, D.C., to keep an eye on legislation and regulations affecting sorghum growers. (sorghumgrowers.com)
- The second edition also explains why many sorghum growers now prefer early deheading, and describes several sorghum varieties developed since the publication of the original report. (kerrcenter.com)
- Regions with semi-arid climate in India choose to cultivate sorghum. (worldatlas.com)
- FAOSTAT data indicate that India produces an average of 7.5 million metric tons of sorghum. (worldatlas.com)
- FAOSTAT data estimates the average production of sorghum in Nigeria to be 7.4 million metric tons, almost equaling India, which ranks second with 7.5 million metric tons. (worldatlas.com)
- The publication is broad in scope and coverage, starting with the history and nature of sorghum and millets and dealing with production, utilization and consumption. (fao.org)
- Sorghum has a wide range of uses, which include human food, animal feed, and the production of alcoholic beverages, and biofuels. (worldatlas.com)
- Abstract: When developed, perennial grain sorghum could provide an opportunity for more ecologically sound food production. (landinstitute.org)
- If managed properly, forage sorghums make excellent hay for supplemental feeding during times of inadequate forage production. (sorghumgrowers.com)
- The report covers progress in the Production-Marketing, Food Processing and Décrue Sorghum components. (unl.edu)
- One of the Kerr Center for Sustainable Agriculture's most enduringly popular publications, Sweet Sorghum: Production and Processing , is now available in an updated second edition. (kerrcenter.com)
- Sweet Sorghum: Production and Processing is available as a downloadable PDF for $10.00. (kerrcenter.com)
- This update to Sweet Sorghum: Production & Processing offers promising news about sweet sorghum varieties resistant to sugarcane aphid. (kerrcenter.com)
- She said her research team's aim is to promote the cultivation of food-grade sorghum and flour production in the Campania region of Italy. (bakeryandsnacks.com)
- In fact, Sandhill's sorghum production began just that way. (saucemagazine.com)
- When U.S. sorghum exports skyrocketed in 2015-17, China bought about 80% of the nation's production, Atkisson explains. (dtnpf.com)
- Phosphorus (P) use efficiency is crucial for sorghum production . (bvsalud.org)
- The authors recommend that efforts be made to control workplace exposure and respiratory health problems during the production of grain sorghum. (cdc.gov)
- The main anthropogenic threats to biodiversity include the advancing agricultural frontier, mainly for the agro-industrial production of monocultures for export (mainly soybean, grain corn, sunflower and sorghum) and extensive livestock (beef) production. (cbd.int)
- Designed to have low moisture levels at maturity, Palo Alto biomass sorghums significantly lessen the amount of water harvested, thereby reducing the harvest and transport costs that can be 50 percent or more of total delivered feedstock cost. (biofuelsdigest.com)
- Locally produced sweet sorghum is also used as feedstock. (stephenleahy.net)
- The authors have described formulations of various popular foods prepared from sorghum and millets and their nutritional composition and quality, and they have compiled many recipes for the preparation of foods from regions where sorghum and millets are important dietary staples. (fao.org)
- As a sweetener, the nutritional value is not much, but sorghum has more minerals and enzymes than honey," said Hildebrand. (saucemagazine.com)
- Sorghum and millets in human nutrition is a new addition to the FAO Food and Nutrition Series. (fao.org)
- Sorghum and millets in human nutrition is intended to provide up-to-date scientific and practical information to scientists, government officials, extension workers, university professors and others interested in these foods. (fao.org)
- But does sweet sorghum avoid all of the documented problems of other biofuels such as clearing forests for cropland, depleting and polluting soil and other resources? (stephenleahy.net)
- Yellow sugarcane aphids will occasionally infest grain sorghum and can cause an issue due to the injection of a toxin when feeding. (lsuagcenter.com)
- The whole discovery was driven by curiosity, after we observed the unexpected sparrow damage in our sorghum field," said Jianming Yu, professor of agronomy and Pioneer Distinguished Chair in Maize Breeding. (phys.org)
- The genus Sorghum is characterized by spikelets borne in pairs. (fao.org)
- Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae. (8millet.com)
- Sugar cane, Saceharum officinarum, is a member of this tribe and a close relative of sorghum. (fao.org)
- This pie tries to capture the essence of sorghum with its notes of grass and cane in a delicate custard filling. (southernliving.com)
- The updates include a section on sugar cane aphids, which emerged as a serious pest of sorghum in 2013. (kerrcenter.com)
- At first, we just grew some [sorghum] cane and processed it with the older couple. (saucemagazine.com)
- The stylish blue, white and yellow Sandhill Farm sorghum label lists only one ingredient: organic sorghum cane juice. (saucemagazine.com)
- But when it comes to reduced syrups from grain or cane, Southerners fancy sorghum over everything else. (ansonmills.com)
- Many decades later, the ritual continues as the art of turning cane juice into sweet sorghum preserves Georgia's long-standing tradition of culinary richness. (deepsouthmag.com)
- This aspect has not been fully investigated for sweet sorghum but it is expected to be the same as sugar cane. (stephenleahy.net)
- Erpelding is working with ARS geneticist Robert R. Klein of College Station, who is mapping the sorghum genome and cloning important genes which could include anthracnose resistance. (usda.gov)
- Among 37 B. cookei genes induced during sorghum infection, one encodes a putative effector with a limited taxonomic distribution among plant pathogenic fungi. (nature.com)
- We really had no clue that our gene cloning project to find the pair of interacting genes underlying sorghum tannins would lead to this discovery. (phys.org)
- Using several bioinformatics tools, we characterized a total of 8 SOD genes from the Sorghum genome. (tubitak.gov.tr)
- The results of this study contribute to a better understanding of SOD genes and proteins in plants, especially in Sorghum taxa. (tubitak.gov.tr)
- The country has several regions that yield large sorghum harvests, including Colorado, South Dakota, Oklahoma, Texas and Kansas. (worldatlas.com)
- Yield losses are most likely to occur in seedling infestations of this insect, but high numbers infesting older sorghum shouldn't be ignored. (lsuagcenter.com)
- Research showed 50 percent higher yield of the fermentable sugars from the stover of certain sorghum bmr lines after enzymatic hydrolysis. (unl.edu)
- Grain yield from sweet sorghum is 20 percent less than sorghum itself. (stephenleahy.net)
- The AMMI analysis of variance indicated that the genotype (G), environment (E) and GE interaction had significant influence (p≤0.01) on sorghum grain yield. (who.int)
- Recently, David Kerns and I have been receiving more calls about aphids in grain sorghum. (lsuagcenter.com)
- Much like quinoa - unknown in Europe and North America a few years ago - sorghum will begin to find its way into mainstream once people learn about its beneficial attributes, she said. (bakeryandsnacks.com)
- Sorghum also requires minimal fertilizers, which makes its cultivation economical. (worldatlas.com)
- Nights are beginning to get cooler, the first frost is approaching, and you may be questioning whether your livestock should be removed from your forage sorghum pastures. (purdue.edu)
- The U.S. is one of the few countries with sorghum to sell, and China uses it to feed livestock, particularly ducks, and to make alcohol called baijiu. (dtnpf.com)
- Abstract Perennial sorghum cropping offers substantial economic and ecological benefits, conserving fuel, water, and soil. (landinstitute.org)
- Sorghum can be planted with vetch in a 1:4 ratio to improve the soil. (neseed.com)
- Once established sorghum thrives during hot weather and on dry soil. (neseed.com)
- An analysis of 7,000 Kansas sorghum acres produced data earning a positive rating from NRCS's Soil Conditional Index (predicting soil organic matter). (non-gmoreport.com)
- We explore this challenge through a sorghum field trial dataset with accompanying plant, microbiome, and soil property data. (bvsalud.org)
- This recipe for Sorghum Custard Pie with Cornmeal Crust comes from writer and baker Keia Mastrianni, who has earned a dedicated following for her hyperseasonal pies. (southernliving.com)
- Get the Sorghum-Glazed American Lamb Chop recipe here! (podbean.com)
- Ever since creating our original Sorghum Granola recipe in a remote Kentucky cabin, Sweetgrass has been a family affair. (sweetgrassgranola.com)
- Sorghum flour isn't eaten on its own, and foods prepared from it derive their flavor from the other ingredients, the yeast, sugar, salt, fats and so on, that it's combined with, as well as from the caramelization of starches that takes place when the dough or batter is cooked. (thespruceeats.com)
- There are a few ingredients sorghum gets all choked up over: butter, cream, and bourbon. (ansonmills.com)
- When processed into a flour, sorghum flour has a mild, slightly sweet flavor and smooth texture that makes it suitable for making brownies, cookies, muffins, waffles and all kinds of other baked goods. (thespruceeats.com)
- If you see a product called sweet white sorghum flour, that's what you want (even though the product itself isn't sweetened). (thespruceeats.com)
- Stir roasted sweet potatoes, beans, cranberries and pecan halves into cooked sorghum and heat through. (culinary.net)
- Sweet Sorghum UNL Hybrid 1 seed for sale. (unl.edu)
- In the Corn Belt, sweet sorghum grows 10 to 15 feet tall during a growing season. (unl.edu)
- Newly developed varieties of sweet sorghum are resistant to the sugarcane aphid. (kerrcenter.com)
- This publication presents the results of our 2008 heirloom sweet sorghum variety trial. (kerrcenter.com)
- Baker bobEE Sweet said, "We use sorghum because it's flavorful and it's locally produced. (saucemagazine.com)
- There's a sweet spot for most Southerners when it comes to sorghum. (deepsouthmag.com)
- Agriculture producers must tell their story and form relationships with lawmakers in Washington, D.C. Step up for sorghum. (sorghumgrowers.com)
- Exports and revenue potential are strong for grain sorghum despite the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic that's stifled other commodity prices. (dtnpf.com)
- The draft genome sequence of B. cookei provided novel insights into target leaf spot of sorghum and is an important resource for future investigation. (nature.com)
- Genome-wide variations analysis of sorghum cultivar Hongyingzi for brewing Moutai liquor. (cdc.gov)