A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The grain is used for FOOD and for ANIMAL FEED. This should not be confused with KAFFIR LIME or with KEFIR milk product.
Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE widely cultivated in the tropics for the sweet cane that is processed into sugar.
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.
A plant genus in the family POACEAE. Brachypodium distachyon is a model species for functional genomics studies.
The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.
Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The seed is one of the EDIBLE GRAINS used in millet cereals and in feed for birds and livestock (ANIMAL FEED). It contains diosgenin (SAPONINS).
Polyphenolic compounds with molecular weights of around 500-3000 daltons and containing enough hydroxyl groups (1-2 per 100 MW) for effective cross linking of other compounds (ASTRINGENTS). The two main types are HYDROLYZABLE TANNINS and CONDENSED TANNINS. Historically, the term has applied to many compounds and plant extracts able to render skin COLLAGEN impervious to degradation. The word tannin derives from the Celtic word for OAK TREE which was used for leather processing.
Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, a REPLICATION ORIGIN, for successful replication, propagation to and maintenance as an extra chromosome in bacteria. In addition, they can carry large amounts (about 200 kilobases) of other sequence for a variety of bioengineering purposes.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
Hydrogen cyanide (HCN); A toxic liquid or colorless gas. It is found in the smoke of various tobacco products and released by combustion of nitrogen-containing organic materials.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The syrup remaining after sugar is crystallized out of SUGARCANE or sugar beet juice. It is also used in ANIMAL FEED, and in a fermented form, is used to make industrial ETHYL ALCOHOL and ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
A plant genus of the family MYRTACEAE. Members contain PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS.
Members of a Semitic people inhabiting the Arabian peninsula or other countries of the Middle East and North Africa. The term may be used with reference to ancient, medieval, or modern ethnic or cultural groups. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Baked food product made of flour or meal that is moistened, kneaded, and sometimes fermented. A major food since prehistoric times, it has been made in various forms using a variety of ingredients and methods.
Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.
Death that occurs as a result of anoxia or heart arrest, associated with immersion in liquid.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
The administering of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient who cannot maintain adequate nutrition by enteral feeding alone. Nutrients are administered by a route other than the alimentary canal (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously).
The delivery of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient whose sole source of nutrients is via solutions administered intravenously, subcutaneously, or by some other non-alimentary route. The basic components of TPN solutions are protein hydrolysates or free amino acid mixtures, monosaccharides, and electrolytes. Components are selected for their ability to reverse catabolism, promote anabolism, and build structural proteins.
Nutritional support given via the alimentary canal or any route connected to the gastrointestinal system (i.e., the enteral route). This includes oral feeding, sip feeding, and tube feeding using nasogastric, gastrostomy, and jejunostomy tubes.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.
The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.
Improving health status of an individual by adjusting the quantities, qualities, and methods of nutrient intake.
Representations, normally to scale and on a flat medium, of a selection of material or abstract features on the surface of the earth, the heavens, or celestial bodies.
The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.
Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.
Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.
Polymeric derivatives of GALLIC ACID that are esters of a sugar.
A belief or practice which lacks adequate basis for proof; an embodiment of fear of the unknown, magic, and ignorance.
Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
Days commemorating events. Holidays also include vacation periods.
Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".
An alcoholic beverage usually made from malted cereal grain (as barley), flavored with hops, and brewed by slow fermentation.
The dry cells of any suitable strain of SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE or CANDIDA. It can be obtained as a by-product from the brewing of beer or by growing on media not suitable for beer production. Dried yeast serves as a source of protein and VITAMIN B COMPLEX.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.
Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.
A drive stemming from a physiological need for WATER.

Evidence for an evolutionarily conserved interaction between cell wall biosynthesis and flowering in maize and sorghum. (1/294)

BACKGROUND: Factors that affect flowering vary among different plant species, and in the grasses in particular the exact mechanism behind this transition is not fully understood. The brown midrib (bm) mutants of maize (Zea mays L.), which have altered cell wall composition, have different flowering dynamics compared to their wild-type counterparts. This is indicative of a link between cell wall biogenesis and flowering. In order to test whether this relationship also exists in other grasses, the flowering dynamics in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) were investigated. Sorghum is evolutionarily closely related to maize, and a set of brown midrib (bmr) mutants similar to the maize bm mutants is available, making sorghum a suitable choice for study in this context. RESULTS: We compared the flowering time (time to half-bloom) of several different bmr sorghum lines and their wild-type counterparts. This revealed that the relationship between cell wall composition and flowering was conserved in sorghum. Specifically, the mutant bmr7 flowered significantly earlier than the corresponding wild-type control, whereas the mutants bmr2, bmr4, bmr6, bmr12, and bmr19 flowered later than their wild-type controls. CONCLUSION: The change in flowering dynamics in several of the brown midrib sorghum lines provides evidence for an evolutionarily conserved mechanism that links cell wall biosynthesis to flowering dynamics. The availability of the sorghum bmr mutants expands the germplasm available to investigate this relationship in further detail.  (+info)

Conservation and diversity of gene families explored using the CODEHOP strategy in higher plants. (2/294)

BACKGROUND: Availability of genomewide information on an increasing but still limited number of plants offers the possibility of identifying orthologues, or related genes, in species with major economical impact and complex genomes. In this paper we exploit the recently described CODEHOP primer design and PCR strategy for targeted isolation of homologues in large gene families. RESULTS: The method was tested with two different objectives. The first was to analyze the evolution of the CYP98 family of cytochrome P450 genes involved in 3-hydroxylation of phenolic compounds and lignification in a broad range of plant species. The second was to isolate an orthologue of the sorghum glucosyl transferase UGT85B1 and to determine the complexity of the UGT85 family in wheat. P450s of the CYP98 family or closely related sequences were found in all vascular plants. No related sequence was found in moss. Neither extensive duplication of the CYP98 genes nor an orthologue of UGT85B1 were found in wheat. The UGT85A subfamily was however found to be highly variable in wheat. CONCLUSIONS: Our data are in agreement with the implication of CYP98s in lignification and the evolution of 3-hydroxylation of lignin precursors with vascular plants. High conservation of the CYP98 family strongly argues in favour of an essential function in plant development. Conversely, high duplication and diversification of the UGT85A gene family in wheat suggests its involvement in adaptative response and provides a valuable pool of genes for biotechnological applications. This work demonstrates the high potential of the CODEHOP strategy for the exploration of large gene families in plants.  (+info)

A high-density genetic recombination map of sequence-tagged sites for sorghum, as a framework for comparative structural and evolutionary genomics of tropical grains and grasses. (3/294)

We report a genetic recombination map for Sorghum of 2512 loci spaced at average 0.4 cM ( approximately 300 kb) intervals based on 2050 RFLP probes, including 865 heterologous probes that foster comparative genomics of Saccharum (sugarcane), Zea (maize), Oryza (rice), Pennisetum (millet, buffelgrass), the Triticeae (wheat, barley, oat, rye), and Arabidopsis. Mapped loci identify 61.5% of the recombination events in this progeny set and reveal strong positive crossover interference acting across intervals of +info)

A complex history of rearrangement in an orthologous region of the maize, sorghum, and rice genomes. (4/294)

The sequences of large insert clones containing genomic DNA that is orthologous to the maize adh1 region were obtained for sorghum, rice, and the adh1-homoeologous region of maize, a remnant of the tetraploid history of the Zea lineage. By using all four genomes, it was possible to describe the nature, timing, and lineages of most of the genic rearrangements that have differentiated this chromosome segment over the last 60 million years. The rice genome has been the most stable, sharing 11 orthologous genes with sorghum and exhibiting only one tandem duplication of a gene in this region. The lineage that gave rise to sorghum and maize acquired a two-gene insertion (containing the adh locus), whereas sorghum received two additional gene insertions after its divergence from a common ancestor with maize. The two homoeologous regions of maize have been particularly unstable, with complete or partial deletion of three genes from one segment and four genes from the other segment. As a result, the region now contains only one duplicated locus compared with the eight original loci that were present in each diploid progenitor. Deletion of these maize genes did not remove both copies of any locus. This study suggests that grass genomes are generally unstable in local genome organization and gene content, but that some lineages are much more unstable than others. Maize, probably because of its polyploid origin, has exhibited extensive gene loss so that it is now approaching a diploid state.  (+info)

Transcriptional regulation of sorghum defense determinants against a phloem-feeding aphid. (5/294)

When attacked by a phloem-feeding greenbug aphid (Schizaphis graminum), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) activates jasmonic acid (JA)- and salicylic acid (SA)-regulated genes, as well as genes outside known wounding and SA signaling pathways. A collection of 672 cDNAs was obtained by differential subtraction with cDNAs prepared from sorghum seedlings infested by greenbug aphids and those from uninfested seedlings. Subsequent expression profiling using DNA microarray and northern-blot analyses identified 82 transcript types from this collection responsive to greenbug feeding, methyl jasmonate (MeJA), or SA application. DNA sequencing analyses indicated that these encoded proteins functioning in direct defense, defense signaling, oxidative burst, secondary metabolism, abiotic stress, cell maintenance, and photosynthesis, as well as proteins of unknown function. In response to insect feeding, sorghum increased transcript abundance of numerous defense genes, with some SA-dependent pathogenesis-related genes responding to greenbug more strongly than to SA. In contrast, only weak induction of MeJA-regulated defense genes was observed after greenbug treatment. However, infestation tests confirmed that JA-regulated pathways were effective in plant defense against greenbugs. Activation of certain transcripts exclusively by greenbug infestation was observed, and may represent unique signal transduction events independent of JA- and SA-regulated pathways. Results indicate that plants coordinately regulate defense gene expression when attacked by phloem-feeding aphids, but also suggest that aphids are able to avoid triggering activation of some otherwise potentially effective plant defensive machinery, possibly through their particular mode of feeding.  (+info)

Molecular evolution of the phytochrome gene family in sorghum: changing rates of synonymous and replacement evolution. (6/294)

The photoreceptor phytochromes, encoded by a small gene family, are responsible for controlling the expression of a number of light-responsive genes and photomorphogenic events, including agronomically important phenotypes such as flowering time and shade-avoidance behavior. The understanding and control of flowering time are particularly important goals in sorghum cultivar development for diverse environments, and naturally occurring variation in the phytochrome genes might prove useful in breeding programs. Also of interest is whether variation observed at the phytochrome loci in domesticated sorghum, or in particular races, is a result of human selection. Population genetic studies can reveal evidence of such selection in patterns of polymorphism and divergence. In this study we report a population genetic analysis of the PHY gene family in Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench in a diverse panel including both cultivated and wild accessions. We show that the level of nucleotide variation in all gene family members is about half the average for this species, consistent with purifying selection acting on these loci. However, the rate of amino acid substitution is accelerated at PHYC compared to the other two loci. In comparisons to a closely related sorghum species, PHYC shows a pattern of intermediate frequency amino acid changes that differ from the patterns observed in comparisons across longer evolutionary distances. There is also a departure from expected patterns of polymorphism and divergence at synonymous sites in PHYC, although the data do not fit a simple model of directional or diversifying selection. Cultivated sorghum has a level of variation similar to that of wild relatives (ssp. verticilliflorum), but many polymorphisms are subspecies-specific, including several amino acid variants.  (+info)

Structural determinants of substrate specificity in family 1 beta-glucosidases: novel insights from the crystal structure of sorghum dhurrinase-1, a plant beta-glucosidase with strict specificity, in complex with its natural substrate. (7/294)

Plant beta-glucosidases play a crucial role in defense against pests. They cleave, with variable specificity, beta-glucosides to release toxic aglycone moieties. The Sorghum bicolor beta-glucosidase isoenzyme Dhr1 has a strict specificity for its natural substrate dhurrin (p-hydroxy-(S)-mandelonitrile-beta-D-glucoside), whereas its close homolog, the maize beta-glucosidase isoenzyme Glu1, which shares 72% sequence identity, hydrolyzes a broad spectrum of substrates in addition to its natural substrate 2-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-4-hydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4-benzoxaxin-3-one. Structural data from enzyme.substrate complexes of Dhr1 show that the mode of aglycone binding differs from that previously observed in the homologous maize enzyme. Specifically, the data suggest that Asn(259), Phe(261), and Ser(462), located in the aglycone-binding site of S. bicolor Dhr1, are crucial for aglycone recognition and binding. The tight binding of the aglycone moiety of dhurrin promotes the stabilization of the reaction intermediate in which the glycone moiety is in a deformed (1)S(3) conformation within the glycone-binding site, ready for nucleophilic attack to occur. Compared with the broad specificity maize beta-glucosidase, this different binding mode explains the narrow specificity of sorghum dhurrinase-1.  (+info)

Ancient polyploidization predating divergence of the cereals, and its consequences for comparative genomics. (8/294)

Integration of structural genomic data from a largely assembled rice genome sequence, with phylogenetic analysis of sequence samples for many other taxa, suggests that a polyploidization event occurred approximately 70 million years ago, before the divergence of the major cereals from one another but after the divergence of the Poales from the Liliales and Zingiberales. Ancient polyploidization and subsequent "diploidization" (loss) of many duplicated gene copies has thus shaped the genomes of all Poaceae cereal, forage, and biomass crops. The Poaceae appear to have evolved as separate lineages for approximately 50 million years, or two-thirds of the time since the duplication event. Chromosomes that are predicted to be homoeologs resulting from this ancient duplication event account for a disproportionate share of incongruent loci found by comparison of the rice sequence to a detailed sorghum sequence-tagged site-based genetic map. Differential gene loss during diploidization may have contributed many of these incongruities. Such predicted homoeologs also account for a disproportionate share of duplicated sorghum loci, further supporting the hypothesis that the polyploidization event was common to sorghum and rice. Comparative gene orders along paleo-homoeologous chromosomal segments provide a means to make phylogenetic inferences about chromosome structural rearrangements that differentiate among the grasses. Superimposition of the timing of major duplication events on taxonomic relationships leads to improved understanding of comparative gene orders, enhancing the value of data from botanical models for crop improvement and for further exploration of genomic biodiversity. Additional ancient duplication events probably remain to be discovered in other angiosperm lineages.  (+info)

There is little information about the effects of ethephon ripening hormone on the yield of sweet sorghum in Thailand. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the impact of ethephon hormone applied at different growth stages of three cultivars of sweet sorghum on its growth and yield. The experiment was conducted from December 2016 to May 2017 at a research plot of the Faculty of Agricultural Technology, King Mongkuts Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand. The experiment was designed as a split-plot design with three replications. Three sweet sorghum cultivars (Ethanol 2, KKU 40, and Cowley) were planted in the main plot. Ethephon was applied at five stages of growth of these cultivars: heading stage, panicle stage, milking stage, dough stage, harvesting stage. Ethephon applications at those stages and untreated control were the subplots. Results showed that Ethanol 2 cultivar exhibited a higher growth rate, plant height, stem diameter, grain yield, stem fresh weight, and yield, juice
Sweet sorghum is characterized by high sugar content and high biomass and is of growing interest to the biofuel industry. For sweet sorghum to be successfully used for bioenergy production, genetic relationships and diversity within sweet sorghums should be better understood, genetic and physiological mechanisms that distinguish sweet from non-sweet sorghums need to be characterized, and higher-yielding sweet sorghum female lines are needed to create sweet hybrids with higher sugar yields. Each of these needs is addressed in a separate chapter of this thesis. The first chapter describes the characterization of genetic differences among sweet sorghum cultivars and diverse landraces of sorghum. Genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) was conducted on more than 700 sorghum lines to generate genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data and assess population genetic differences between groups. The genomic region of highest genetic differentiation (FST) between sweet and landrace sorghums contains a ...
Sweet sorghum has the potential in Missouri for production as a biofuel feedstock, but little is known of the crops yields and appropriate nitrogen management for optimizing ethanol yields. This thesis is a collection of three field studies examining the potential for sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) to be adopted as a biofuel feedstock for ethanol production in the Midwestern U.S. Limited research exists examining the optimum nitrogen fertilizer rate for maximum ethanol yields as well as sweet sorghums adaptability to the lower Midwestern states. The first study included testing the effects of five N fertilizer rates (0, 56, 112, 168, 224 kg-N ha-1 ) on the production of two sweet sorghum cultivars (Dale and Top 76-6) over three years in central Missouri. Yields measured included dry matter, stem juice, Brix, fermentable sugar, theoretical juice ethanol, theoretical lignocellulosic ethanol, and total theoretical ethanol. N fertilizer treatment mostly increased yields, as total dry ...
Sweet sorghum accumulates high concentrations of fermentable sugars in the stem, produces significant amount of starch in the grain (panicle) and has shown to be a promising energy feedstock. Sweet sorghum has a short growing season so adding it to the sugar cane system would be good. The overall goal of this dissertation is to enhance the attractiveness of biofuel production from sweet sorghum to fully utilize fermentable sugars in the juice, starch in the panicle and structural carbohydrates in the stalk for high efficiency and low-cost ethanol production. Sweet sorghum juice was incorporated into the dry-grind process which achieved 28% increase of ethanol yield compared to the conventional ethanol method and decreased enzymatic hydrolysis time by 30 minutes. A very high gravity fermentation technique was applied using sweet sorghum juice and sorghum grain yielded 20.25% (v/v) of ethanol and 96% fermentation efficiency. Response surface methodology was applied in order to optimize diffusion ...
Milo or grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is adapted for Kentucky but is not widely grown. Grain sorghum is an option for fields that tend to dry slowly in the spring and require later planting dates that are more suited to sorghum than to corn. Grain sorghum is more drought tolerant than either corn or soybean, making it a viable option for fields that are prone to drought. Grain sorghum uses less nitrogen than corn and will produce similar yields to corn on marginal soils. Some people are interested in sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) which is the same species as grain sorghum, but a different growth type. With sweet sorghum, the sap is extracted from the stalks of the plants and that sap is refined into sorghum syrup. For more information on sweet sorghum, click here.. ...
The ability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to ferment sweet-stalk sorghum juice depend on the strains of the yeast and sweet sorghum cultivars used in the fermentation process. This research was aimed to evaluate the ethanol production capability of eight yeast strains using sweet-stalk sorghum juice from three sweet sorghum cultivars as a source.. Yeast strains used for ethanol fermentation were OUT 7009, 7027, 7096, 7055, 7921, 7080, and 7903. Sweet-stalk sorghum juice extracted from three cultivars of sweet sorghum (FS501, FS902 and KCS105) with addition of 4,60 g/l (NH4)2SO4 and 0,45 g/l KH2P04 were used to observe the growth and fermentation ability of the yeast strains in batch culture. Yeast extract peptone dextrose (YEPD) broth were used as a standard medium for aerobic growth of the yeast strains. The sugar brix content of the sweet-stalk sorghum juice were measured using refractometer (ASONE, Spittz IPR-101α) and the sugar profile were evaluated by HPLC. Yeast specific growth rates were ...
Background Photoperiod-sensitive flowering is a key adaptive trait for sorghum ( Sorghum bicolor) in West and Central Africa. In this study we performed an association analysis to investigate the...
The regions of north-eastern Ethiopia are known for their high levels of sorghum genetic diversity, and for being drought prone. For centuries, sorghum has been developed and maintained by farmers for its adaptation to the marginal and heterogeneous environment of these regions. The objective of this study was to examine the genetic diversity and population structure of 200 sorghum landraces collected from seven lowland districts, using 30 microsatellite markers sampled from all linkage groups of the sorghum genome. Both distance-based and model-based analytical approaches were used to analyse the data. The data analysis revealed that there was a large variation among all the markers under study. The values of polymorphic information content ranged from 0.26 to 0.88, with a mean value of 0.61, reflecting the high discriminating ability of the markers studied. The mean value of total gene diversity was 0.69, which partitioned 86% among the landraces and 14% within the landraces. Gene diversity ...
Business Directory for Sorghum Seeds Suppliers in Hyderabad - Get contact details of Sorghum Seeds Manufacturers, Wholesale Sorghum Seeds Exporters, Best Sorghum Seeds Traders & Distributors Across the Hyderabad.
The two-step enzymatic hydrolysis of sweet sorghum and cassava were performed by commercially available α-amylase and glucoamylase and further ethanol fermentation of the obtained hydrolyzates by Saccharomyces cerevisiae were studied. For both sweet sorghum and cassava, the hydrolysis and fermentation were done in a 2 L stirred tank bioreactor, B-Braun fermenter, by using the same conditions. The amount of glucose obtained after hydrolysis process was greater in sweet sorghum compared to cassava, which are 50.07 and 40.00 g L-1, respectively. Also, sweet sorghum gave higher ethanol concentration than cassava at the 64 h of fermentation process, which are 40.11 and 34.07 g L-1, respectively.. ...
Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is one of the worlds leading cereal crops, providing food, feed, fiber, fuel, and chemical/biofuels feed-stocks across a range of environments and production systems. Its remarkable ability to produce a crop under adverse conditions, in particular with much less water than most other grain crops, makes sorghum an important failsafe source of food, feed, fiber, and fuel in the global agroecosystem. Sorghum is especially important in areas such as Northeast Africa and the US Southern Plains that often receive too little rainfall for most other grains.. Sorghum is a biofuel crop of growing importance, currently the #2 crop used in US ethanol production. Its lower water demands and market price than alternatives such as maize, versus their similar per-bushel ethanol yields, suggests that sorghum will be of growing importance in meeting US biofuels needs. Progress in understanding the genetic control of perenniality in sorghum makes it promising as a ...
Sorghum is a staple food crop in Ethiopia and its production is mainly constrained by drought, other environmental factors, and the use of low-yielding, local sorghum varieties. To improve sorghum productivity, it is crucial to provide farmers with high yielding, stable sorghum cultivars that are tolerant to drought and other constraints. The stable performance of sorghum varieties in a growing region is critical to obtain a high and stable yield. In the 2012-2014 crop year, 24 genotypes, including standard controls, were evaluated at the national variety trial stage over six main dry lowland sorghum growing sites and two years made 7 environments to evaluate their performance, stability and to quantify Genotype by Environment Interaction (GEI) across moisture stress sorghum growing areas of Ethiopia. Spatial modeling has been used to estimate predicted mean (BLUPs) results and Performance and estimation of environmental correlation, heritability, GEI, and other parameters using the ASReml3
Kiranmayee, K N S U and Sharma, H C and Kishore, P B K and Ramu, P and Sivasubramani, S and Munghate, R S and Sakhale, S and Hash, C T and Deshpande, S P (2015) Fine genetic mapping of combined shoot fly resistance (SFR) and stay green (STG) traits on sorghum chromosome SBI-10. In: Plant and Animal Genome XXIII Conference, January 10-14, 2015, San Diego, CA. (Submitted) ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Improved production of ethanol using bagasse from different sorghum cultivars. AU - Nasidi, Muhammad. AU - Agu, Reginald C.. AU - Deeni, Yusuf Y.. AU - Walker, Graeme M.. PY - 2015/1/1. Y1 - 2015/1/1. N2 - For improved production of ethanol from whole sorghum residues, physico-chemical compositions and fermentation characteristics of the substrates are important factors to consider. In the present study, Nigerian sorghum cultivars SSV2, KSV8 and KSV3 were grown under rain-fed conditions without chemical fertilization in Kano state, Nigeria. On harvest, the whole sorghum residues (bagasse) comprising crushed stalks, leaves, panicles and peduncles were collected for further processing. Bagasse samples, which had different macromolecular composition and carbohydrate pasting properties, were pre-treated with dilute sulphuric acid at 75 °C followed by enzymatic hydrolysis and sequential detoxification by Ca(OH)2 over-liming and charcoal filtration. Hydrolysate samples were ...
The rising demand for bioethanol, the most common alternative to petroleum-derived fuel used worldwide, has encouraged a feedstock shift to non-food crops to reduce the competition for resources between food and energy production. Sweet sorghum has become one of the most promising non-food energy crops because of its high output and strong adaptive ability. However, the means by which sweet sorghum stalks can be cost-effectively utilized for ethanol fermentation in large-scale industrial production and commercialization remains unclear. In this study, we identified a novel Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain, TSH1, from the soil in which sweet sorghum stalks were stored. This strain exhibited excellent ethanol fermentative capacity and ability to withstand stressful solid-state fermentation conditions. Furthermore, we gradually scaled up from a 500-mL flask to a 127-m3 rotary-drum fermenter and eventually constructed a 550-m3 rotary-drum fermentation system to establish an efficient industrial fermentation
Press release - Allied Market Research - Sorghum and Sorghum Seeds Market 2023 Competition, Status, Demand, Size & Top Key Players National Sweet Sorghum Producers & Processors Assn, National Sorghum Producers, Sorghum Forum Of South Africa and Others - published on openPR.com
Last month, Ceres announced that it has signed a sweet sorghum market development agreement with Syngenta. The companies will work together to support the introduction of sweet sorghum as a source of fermentable sugars at Brazils 400 or more ethanol mills.. Last season, Brazilian mills planted Ceres sweet sorghum on more than 3,000 hectares (7,400 acres). The trials demonstrated large increases in biomass, extractable juice volume and total harvestable sugar compared to commercial products introduced just last year. In product development trials and at the companys breeding center, where field evaluation plots are irrigated and managed more closely than commercial fields, these hybrids averaged 80 or more metric tons per hectare. Subsequent field evaluations in the Southeast U.S. this summer have confirmed similar results.. READ MORE: All about the project, here. ...
This study was conducted to evaluate traits that have an effect on yield, and genetic variation for these traits, including dry matter accumulation, remobilization, and traits associated with them, in 10 grain sorghum genotypes obtained from the National Plant Gene Bank of Iran under moisture stress conditions. Field trials were carried out in the 2008 cropping season using split-plot arrangements in a randomized complete block design with three replications at Torogh Agricultural Research Station of the Agricultural and Natural Resource Research Center of Khorasan Razavi Province, Mashhad, Iran. Trials were conducted separately under three water regimes: normal conditions and two water deficit levels at the vegetative and reproductive stages. Genotypes were assigned to main plots and two levels of photosynthetic status, normal and disturbed current photosynthesis, by applying potassium,iodide after anthesis, in sub-plots. Results revealed significant genetic variation for traits related to dry matter
Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) grain contains many health-promoting phytochemicals, including a broad range of phenolic compounds. Malting of cereal grains is known to increase the bioavailability of macro- and micronutrients. However, the detailed effects of malting on sorghum grain anthocyanins, a major class of phenolics that influence the taste and colour of sorghum-based foods, requires further investigation. Eight commercial sorghum hybrids harvested from three regions in eastern Australia were malted and analysed for colour, tannin content, total phenolic content (TPC), flavan-4-ols, total flavonoids, total anthocyanins and 3-deoxyanthocyanins. Grains of all the sorghums were found to be tannin-free. Malting decreased the TPC of all samples. For TPC, the grand means among all the sorghum cultivars for raw and malted grain were 2.77 and 2.48 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)/g, respectively. For flavan-4-ols, the grand means for raw and malted sorghum grains were 2.98 and 2.23 abs/mL/g, respectively.
Biomass based alternative fuels offer a solution to the worlds ever-increasing energy demand. With the ability to produce high biomass in marginal lands with low inputs, sorghum has a great potential to meet second-generation biofuel needs. Despite the sorghum crop importance in biofuel and fodder industry, there is no comprehensive information available on the cell wall related genes and gene families (biosynthetic and modification). It is important to identify the cell wall related genes to understand the cell wall biosynthetic process as well as to facilitate biomass manipulation. Genome-wide analysis using gene family specific Hidden Markov Model of conserved domains identified 520 genes distributed among 20 gene families related to biosynthesis/modification of various cell wall polymers such as cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin and lignin. Chromosomal localization analysis of these genes revealed that about 65% of cell wall related genes were confined to four chromosomes (Chr. 1-4). Further, 53
Sugarcane aphids were observed infesting sorghum in Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas and Oklahoma in 2013, LSU AgCenter entomologist David Kerns said. This pest also has been found in johnsongrass, sweet sorghum and sorghum-Sudan, Kerns said. The pest was detected in 38 counties and parishes in the four states. Aphids also were found in one state in Mexico, and Arkansas may be infested, Kerns said. The sugarcane aphid is a significant pest of sorghum in China, Taiwan, Japan, India, South Africa, South America, Botswana and Zimbabwe. It has been found infesting sugarcane in Louisiana since 1999. There was one unconfirmed report of an infestation in Louisiana sorghum in 2008. Infestations also were found in sorghum beginning in mid-July 2013. Kerns said it is not known why the pest shifted from sugarcane to sorghum. It is interesting that in places where there were heavy infestations of sugarcane aphids in sorghum in 2013, the aphid was not found in nearby fields of sugarcane, energycane or Sudan ...
Holstein cows in early lactation were utilized to evaluate the effects of supplementing concentrate diets of sorghum grain on milk production, milk composition, somatic cell count, and body condition. At 21 d postpartum, cows were randomly assigned to receive four concentrate diets consisting of 1) corn, 2) sorghum, 3) sorghum plus 1 lb tallow, and 4) sorghum plus wheat in a 70:30 ratio. All concentrates were combined with chopped alfalfa hay in a total mixed diet and fed twice daily. Treatments included a 7-day preliminary period and a 16-week experimental period. Cows fed the sorghum plus tallow diet produced 14% more milk than cows fed either corn or sorghum alone and 10% more than cows fed the 70:30 sorghum plus wheat diet. Milk fat was unaffected by diet, although cows receiving the sorghum plus wheat diet tended to produce milk with less fat (3.3% vs 3.5% for the other diets). Body weight and body condition tended to be higher for cows fed the sorghum plus wheat combination. The addition ...
Fractions from white and tannin sorghums were processed into extrudates, thick porridges, and breads. The effects of sorghum type and fraction on the in vitro starch availability of the products were evaluated, and the estimated glycemic indexes (EGI) of the products were obtained. Sorghum extrudates were significantly more slowly digested than corn meal extrudates for all preparation methods (whole, cracked and decorticated kernels). Furthermore, tannin extrudates were less digestible than white sorghum extrudates. The soft endosperm nature of the tannin sorghum limited friction formation inside the extruder, reducing starch gelatinization. On the other hand, condensed tannins also interfered with the starch availability for digestion. White sorghum was more suitable for extrusion, giving extrudates with higher starch degradation and expansion than the tannin sorghums. However, tannin sorghums also gave acceptable products offering the benefit of lower EGI values. Sorghum porridges were more ...
Scope and method of study: To study the plant cell wall degradation process and changes in overall physiology during the growth of A. nidulans on sorghum stover at proteomic and genomic level, A. nidulans was grown on sorghum stover under solid-state culture conditions for 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 and 14 days. Semi-quantitative extracellular proteome analysis (1-D PAGE LC-MS/MS), whole genome microarray analysis, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, along with qualitative and quantitative analysis of extracellular hydrolytic enzyme activities, and analysis of the breakdown products by enzymes was used to study sorghum cell wall degradation by A. nidulans.Findings and conclusions: Based on analysis of chitin content, A. nidulans grew to be 4-5% of the total biomass in the culture. A hyphal mat developed on the surface of the sorghum by day one and as seen by scanning electron microscopy the hyphae enmeshed the sorghum particles by day 5. A total of 294 extracellular proteins were identified with ...
Author】 WANG Donghai1, and WU Xiaorong2 1 Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA 2 Postdoctoral Research Associate, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA. 【摘要】 Dry land crops such as sorghums (grain sorghum, sweet sorghum and forage sorghum) have been identified as promising feedstocks for fuel ethanol production. The major issue for using the sweet sorghum as feedstock is its stability at room temperature. At room temperature, the sweet sorghum juice could lose from 40% to 50% of its fermentable sugars from 7 to 14 days. No significant sugar content and profile changes were observed in juice stored at refrigerator temperature in two weeks. Ethanol fermentation efficiencies of fresh and frozen juice were high (~93%). Concentrated juice (≥25% sugar) had significantly lower efficiencies and large amounts of fructose left in finished beer; however, winery yeast strains and novel ...
A molecular cytogenetic map of sorghum chromosome 1: Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis with mapped bacterial artificial chromosomes - Texas A&M University (TAMU) Scholar profile, educations, publications, research, recent courses, and student works
The latest USDA crop update released July 7, 2015, indicated 97 percent of the nations grain sorghum has been planted, slightly behind the 5-year average. Heading was 24 percent complete by July 5 and harvest has begun in some areas of South Texas. As a whole, 67 percent of the sorghum crop was reported good to excellent, six percentage points better than last year at this time.. TEXAS - Texas is 99 percent completed planting grain sorghum, 56 percent of which is headed. Producers across the southern regions of the state have begun harvest on irrigated sorghum this week and will continue harvest into next week. Danny Beyer of Odem, Texas, said early planted sorghum currently being harvested is achieving impressive yields, as high as 125 bushel on small blocks. Despite lower ground being saturated by earlier rains, Beyer said the sorghum crop across the coastal bend is progressing well. Overall, 63 percent of grain sorghum across the state is in good to excellent condition and producers are ...
EPA Approves Grain Sorghum Pathway - The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced yesterday it has approved grain sorghum as an eligible feedstock under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). National Sorghum Producers (NSP) has worked closely with EPA for about three years in getting grain sorghum listed as an advanced biofuel feedstock, and the feat has finally been won. The RFS requires a certain amount of feedstocks to be used to produced advanced biofuels. With sorghums listing, it will now create a significant amount of domestically-grown sorghum that needs to be used to produce ethanol. This use, in turn, will add value and profitability to the producers crop. This gives an incentive to the ethanol plants to use sorghum when producing their biofuels. EPA found that, when plants use sorghum to create ethanol at facilities that use natural gas, they have a greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction of 32 percent, qualifying it as a conventional ethanol. NSP expects at least one existing ...
The project to produce ethanol from sweet sorghum undertaken by the International Crops Research for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and Rusni Distilleries, both of India had achieved a breakthrough in their first production of ethanol flowing out the distillery.. The production itself works a milestone in the partnership project. It has generated ethanol as biofuel. The stems of sorghum yield sweet juice that could be processed into bioethanol which could be added to gasoline. The production of ethanol does not compromise food security since the farmers can continue to use the grain for food.. The juice could also be made into syrup, wine and vinegar. The grains can be milled and made into a variety of delicacies. Whole grains can be fed and milled as ingredient in commercial feeds for livestock and poultry. This also serves an additional income to farmers who are looking for a crop that will grow well in drought prone areas.. Growing sweet sorghum has its distinct advantage over other crops ...
Sweet sorghum stalks were used as a low cost carrier for immobilization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae NP 01 to produce ethanol from sweet sorghum juice. The effects on ethanol production of carrier size (6 × 6 × 6 to 20 × 20 × 20 mm3) and initial cell concentrations (5 × 107 to 2 × 108 cells mL−1) for cell immobilization were investigated. The ethanol production medium was the juice containing 230 g L−1 of total sugar without nutrient supplementation. The fermentations were carried out under static conditions in 500-mL air-locked Erlenmeyer flasks at 30 °C. The results showed that the optimum size of sorghum stalk pieces for repeated-batch ethanol production was 6 × 6 × 6 mm3, while the optimum initial cell concentration for the immobilization was 1.0 × 108 cells mL−1. The immobilized yeast under these conditions could be used for at least eight successive batches without any losses of ethanol production efficiencies. The average ethanol concentration, productivity and yield of the eight
Correspondence among QTLs affecting height and/or flowering was investigated across the five races of sorghum, an interspecific sorghum F2 population, and 32 previously published sorghum, maize, rice, wheat, and barley populations revealing 185 QTLs or discrete mutants. Among nine QTLs mapped in the interspecific sorghum population (six affecting height and three affecting flowering), at least seven (78%) are associated with conversion, backcross-introgression of alleles imparting reduced height or earlier flowering from cultivated sorghums into one or more exotic Sorghum bicolor races. One chromosomal region was converted in all S. bicolar races--in the interspecific F2, this region explained 54.8% of height variation (putatively the Dw2 gene) and 85.7% of flowering time variation (putatively Ma1). Comparative data suggest that Ma1 and Dw2 orthologs influence height and flowering of other Poaceae taxa and support classical dogma that the sorghum phenotypes attributed to Ma1 and Dw2 ...
June 2017. Sorghum is one potential ingredient to substitute for cassava as a source of starch for feeding Pangasius in Vietnam. Sorghum contains a reasonable amount of protein (10%), higher than cassava. Sorghum contains higher amino acids, similar to corn but relatively higher in tryptophan and threonine. The U.S. Grains Council (USGC) conducted a sorghum feeding trial to Pangasius catfish at research farm of a private company in Vietnam. The sorghum diet was compared to a cassava-based diet and corn-based diet. Grain sorghum was obtained from the United States and was analyzed for chemical composition and amino acids content. Researchers allotted 2,160 Pangasius fingerling at 25 g body weight randomly in 12 floating cages made of nylon net placed in 0.5- hectare pond with 3 meters deep. The cages were divided into three groups of dietary treatments and replicated 4 times. Three dietary treatments were used containing cassava 15%, sorghum 20% and corn 10% in the diets respectively. The diets ...
In Vitro Effect of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) Seed Extracts as a Biological Acaricidal Against Some Hard Tick (Ixodidae) in Sulaimani Governorate - Kurdistan Region/Iraq
Sorghum and maize grain hardness is a very important criterion as grain hardness affects milling yield and product quality. There are several techniques that are used to determine grain hardness but the relationship between these techniques for distinguishing hardness in commercial sorghum and maize cultivars is not known. Moreover, the role of sorghum grain hardness with respect to malting performance is not understood, as is the role of phenolics in sorghum and maize hardness. Therefore this study investigated the relationships between sorghum and maize hardness techniques, and the influence of sorghum grain modification during malting and sorghum and maize phenolics on the hardness of these cereals. A study to determine the relationships between techniques used to measure hardness in commercial sorghum and maize cultivars was done in terms of decortication using the Tangential Abrasive Dehulling Device (TADD) (percentage kernel removed), Near Infrared Transmittance (NIT) Milling Index (MI), ...
In Washington, D.C., the U.S. Grains Council reports that recent sales of U.S. sorghum to Spain and Italy reinforce the importance of these European markets to U.S. farmers. Italy purchased 36,600 metric tons (1.44 million bushels) of sorghum the week of March 14, and Spain has purchased just under one million tons (39.4 million bushels) of sorghum since April 2018.. A combination of factors has resulted in the return of these two buyers to the sorghum market this marketing year. In addition to ample supply of U.S. sorghum, a drought in Europe has driven up the price of European feedstock. U.S. sorghum is an attractive alternative with duty-free access to the market and no biotechology-related concerns.. The Council worked with Spanish buyers last spring by bringing sorghum sellers to Spain and conducting two purchasing conferences, resulting in purchases of diverted shipments from China. These activities paved the way for renewed interest in U.S. sorghum, and the Spanish have continued to ...
Sorghum is used in various cultures to produce alcoholic beverages. In China, sorghum is the most important ingredient for the production of distilled beverages such as Maotai and kaoliang, as seen in the 1987 film Red Sorghum. In southern Africa, sorghum is used to produce beer, including the local version of Guinness. African sorghum beer is a brownish-pink beverage with a fruity, sour taste. It has an alcohol content that can vary between one percent and eight percent. African sorghum beer is high in protein, which contributes to foam stability, giving it a milk-like head. Because this beer is not filtered, its appearance is cloudy and yeasty, and may also contain bits of grain. This beer is said to be thirst quenching even if it is traditionally consumed at room temperature. African sorghum beer is a popular drink primarily amongst the black community for historical reasons. African sorghum beer is said to be a traditional drink of the Zulu people of Southern Africa. It also became popular ...
Common Insect Problems:. Sap-feeding Insects. Different types of aphids may be found on grain sorghum early in the season. These insects are found on top and underneath the leaves and whorls of sorghum plants, where they cause damage by sucking juices from the plant. The most common aphids found in grain sorghum are the sugarcane aphid, corn leaf aphid, and greenbug. The greenbug can be a serious pest or seedling plants, and the sugarcane aphid is a serious pest later in the season.. Insects Feeding on Grain Heads and Seed Kernels. The sorghum midge and sorghum webworm feed on the ripening grain kernels. Sorghum webworms feed on the ripening kernels by devouring the inside and leaving the hollow kernel shell. Corn earworms and fall armyworms usually consume the entire kernel as they feed.. Insects Feeding on Leaf Tissue. Corn earworms and fall armyworms feed in the whorls of young grain sorghum plants. Severe feeding injury to the growing point or intercalary meristem may destroy the emerging ...
Its water requirement is one-third that of sugarcane, and its growing period is short enough to allow harvesting twice a year. While sugarcane is propagated from stem cuttings, sweet sorghum is sown with seed - just 4.5 kg is enough for a hectare of land, compared to 4,500-6,000 kg of sugarcane cuttings. Sweet sorghums potential as an energy crop - it produces up to 7,000 litres of ethanol per hectare - makes it highly attractive for countries like China [and the US], which is expected to exhaust its economically recoverable petroleum reserves by 2016. __Source ...
Increased fossil fuel consumption has resulted in a series of social and environmental problems, such as the crisis of oil, global climate change and the emission of greenhouse gas. Sustainable and clean renewable energy as an alternative to fossil fuels has attracted extensive attention worldwide. Among various renewable energies, bioethanol is an important renewable liquid fuel due to its high octane number and heat of vaporization. Bioethanol is also less volatile than gasoline, has a lower photochemical reactivity in the atmosphere, and smog formation from emissions of pure ethanol can be less than from gasoline [1].. Sweet sorghum is a high photosynthetic-efficiency energy crop with high biomass (20 to 30 dry tonnes/ha) and sugar-yielding (16 to 18% fermentable sugar in juice) [2]. It is also the only crop that provides grain and sugar, and a lignocellulosic biomass resource. Sweet sorghum has several primary advantages, such as (1) its adaptability to diverse climate zones and soil ...
Sweet sorghum is regarded as a very promising energy crop for ethanol production because it not only supplies grain and sugar, but also offers lignocellulosic resource. Cost-competitive ethanol production requires bioconversion of all carbohydrates in stalks including of both sucrose and lignocellulose hydrolyzed into fermentable sugars. However, it is still a main challenge to reduce ethanol production cost and improve feasibility of industrial application. An integration of the different operations within the whole process is a potential solution. An integrated process combined advanced solid-state fermentation technology (ASSF) and alkaline pretreatment was presented in this work. Soluble sugars in sweet sorghum stalks were firstly converted into ethanol by ASSF using crushed stalks directly. Then, the operation combining ethanol distillation and alkaline pretreatment was performed in one distillation-reactor simultaneously. The corresponding investigation indicated that the addition of alkali did
A method and system to produce alcohol from a combination of sweet sorghum and other agro-based feedstock is described. The base or major raw material is sweet sorghum and the agro feedstock may be mo
Soil fertility requirements for sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] as an alcohol fuel crop have not been well defined. The primary objective of this study was to determine the biomass and sugar (% Brix ✕ extracted juice) yield response of sweet sorghum to N-P-K and lime. The study was conducted for 2 years on a Wynnville silt loam (fine-loamy, siliceous, thermic Glossic Fragiudult) soil i ...
EXPLANATION: Distinctly discolored sorghum has been discolored by adverse weather conditions, giving a badly gray and/or blackened appearance to sorghum or tannin sorghum sorghum. When sorghum is found to be distinctly discolored, the sorghum shall not be graded higher than U.S. No. 3, and the words Distinctly Discolored shall be recorded on the pan ticket and official inspection certificate.. ...
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The survey report by Market Research Store is an overview of the global Sorghum Seed market. It covers all the recent trends including key developments in the global market in present and in future. Analyses of the global Sorghum Seed market trends along with the projections of CAGRs (compound annual growth rates) are provided in […]. ...
[108 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Global Silage Sorghum Seed Market 2020 by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to 2025 report by Global Info Research. Market Overview The global Silage Sorghum Seed market size is...
The survey report by Market Research Store is an overview of the global Sorghum Seed market. It covers all the recent trends including key developments in the global market in present and in future. Analyses of the global Sorghum Seed market trends along with the projections of CAGRs (compound annual growth rates) are provided in […]. ...
Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.)Moench), is a cereal crop close to maize and sugar cane. The crop originated in the Northeast part of Africa and has been an important crop in many dry areas of tropical countries. Sorghum is used for beverage and porridge for many people of Africa. Although sorghum is socially still an important cereal in Burundi, few studies have been undertaken on that crop. In a biodiversity management context, this study on sorghum was therefore set to characterize fifty landraces collected from seven provinces of Burundi and evaluated through morphological traits in two sites. The objectives of this study were to assess the phenotypic diversity and compare the pattern of distribution among landraces according to the ecological zones.. Five quantitative and sixteen qualitative traits were considered separately during the statistical analysis. Cluster analysis based on quantitative traits showed a wide range of diversity in the fifty sorghum landraces independently of the ...
In order to evaluate the impact of different amounts of nitrogen fertilizer on growth and yield of two forage sorghum cultivars, a 2-year field experiment was carried out at the College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran during 2010 and 2011 growing seasons. Two factorial experiments were carried out in randomized block design with three replicates, in which the treatments included nitrogen fertilizer at three levels: 69 (N1), 138 (N2) and 205 (N3) kg N ha-1 and two sorghum cultivars: Pegah and KFS2. The results showed that nitrogen fertilizer enhanced plant height, leaf area index, fresh weight, total dry weight and biological yield significantly so that these traits were higher in N3 as 5.71, 22.8, 8.13, 22.5, and 8.7% than N1, respectively. Furthermore, increasing nitrogen rate had additive effect on crop growth rate, relative growth rate, biomass duration and leaf area duration. Comparing the cultivars, it was found that, plant height, fresh weight, total dry weight and biological yield
Background Sorghum roots release two categories of biological nitrification inhibitors (BNIs) - hydrophilic-BNIs and hydrophobic-BNIs. Earlier research indicated that rhizosphere pH and plasma membrane (PM) H+ATPase are functionally linked with the release of hydrophilic BNIs, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully elucidated. This study is designed to reveal further insights into the regulatory mechanisms of BNIs release in root systems, using three sorghum genetic stocks. Methods Sorghum plants were grown in a hydroponic system with pH of nutrient solutions ranging from 3.0 ̴ 9.0. Pharmacological agents [(fusicoccin and vanadate) and anion-channel blockers (−niflumic acid (NIF) and anthracene-9-carboxylate (A9C)] were applied to root exudate collection solutions; BNI activity was determined with luminescent Nitrosomonas europaea bioassay. Sorgoleone levels in root exudates and H+ excretion from roots were determined. Two-phase partitioning system is used to isolate root plasma membrane ...
In a recent report, Olsen and Watanabe found significant increases in uptake of Fe and Zn in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench. var. RS-610) due to calcium sulfate treatments in four of six soils. Our research extended this sulfate × micronutrient interaction study to evaluate the possible ameliorative effect of sulfate on Fe and Zn as influenced by P and CaCO3 levels. A greenhouse factorial experiment was designed using two levels of P, sulfate, and CaCO3 in a Nunn loam soil (fine, montmorillonitic mesic Aridic Argiustoll) with sorghum as the test plant. Plants were grown for 60 days, and then sectioned into top leaves, bottom leaves, and stems. Data collected included dry matter, and P, Fe, and Zn concentrations in the various parts.. Dry matter yields and P concentrations were increased with added P treatments. Phosphorus with added CaCO3 resulted in the lowest Fe and Zn concentrations in the top leaves while P with added sulfate resulted in the highest. These treatment effects were ...
NKOSI, B.D. et al. Effects of bacterial inoculants and an enzyme on the fermentation quality and aerobic stability of ensiled whole-crop sweet sorghum. S. Afr. j. anim. sci. [online]. 2012, vol.42, n.3, pp.232-240. ISSN 2221-4062.. A study was conducted to evaluate the effects of bacterial inoculation and cellulase on the fermentation quality of ensiled whole-crop sweet sorghum (WCSS, Sorghum bicolor L. Moench). The WCSS (323 g dry matter (DM)/kg, 251 g water soluble carbohydrates (WSC)/kg DM, 43 g crude protein (CP)/kg DM and 439 g neutral detergent fibre (NDF)/kg DM) was ensiled with i) no additive (control); ii) Lactobacillus buchneri (LB); iii) Lactobacillus plantarum (LP); and iv) LB+E, a combination of LB and enzyme. These treatments were ensiled in 1 L anaerobic jars for 25 days. The jars were opened on days 3, 7 and 15 to determine pH, while those of day 25 were sampled to determine nutrient composition, fermentation characteristics and aerobic stability. Inoculation reduced pH, butyric ...
The goal of this CSP is deep-sequencing of highly diverse sorghum lines to assemble and analyze the pan-genome of this important bioenergy crop. Sorghum is a promising lignocellulosic and saccharine bioenergy crop, one of the DOE-JGIs flagship species, and an important food and feed crop. In order to accelerate breeding and development of elite sorghum lines as well as determine the genetic basis of its valuable traits, such as remarkable drought and heat tolerance, we must develop a more complete understanding of the genetic diversity within sorghum as a species. To accomplish this goal, the sorghum pan-genome project will (1) select a diverse collection of sorghum lines designed to capture the majority of genomic structural variation within the species; (2) conduct whole genome sequencing and transcriptome profiling using the PacBio and Illumina platforms; and (3) de novo assemble, annotate and characterize the sequenced genomes. The de novo assembled and resequenced sorghum genomes obtained ...
There is a conflict of interest between the sorghum producers, for whom condensed tannins in sorghum have agronomic advantages, and sorghum users for whom condensed tannins in sorghum are perceived as nutritionally harmful and unpalatable. However, in recent years there has been growing interest in food phenolics due to their antioxidant potential. Thus, enhancing the content of phenolic compounds in plant foods through selective breeding and/or genetic improvement is now being viewed as a potent dietary option for disease prevention and control. However, the objectionable sensory attributes (bitterness and astringency) of phenolic compounds, especially condensed tannins, have resulted in low consumption of foods rich in these compounds. This study investigated the sensory attributes of products of sorghums varying in total phenol and condensed tannin content as well as their acceptance. A descriptive sensory panel described the sensory attributes including bitterness and astringency of two ...
GRAIN SORGHUM PERFORMANCE TRIALS IN OKLAHOMA, 2009 PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY CROPS OKLAHOMA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE DEPARTMENT OF PLANT AND SOIL SCIENCES DIVISION OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES & NATURAL RESOURCES OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY PT 2010-4 January 2010 Vol. 22, No.4 Rick Kochenower Area Research and Extension Specialist Plant and Soil Sciences Department Roger Gribble Area Agronomist NW Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service TRIAL OBJECTIVES AND PROCEDURES Each year, performance trials for hybrid grain sorghum are conducted by the Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service. These trials provide producers, extension educators, industry representatives, and researchers with information for hybrid grain sorghums marketed in Oklahoma. Performance trials are conducted at ten locations in Oklahoma: Altus, Alva, Blackwell, Cherokee, Enid, Goodwell, Homestead, Keyes, Slapout, and Tipton. Dry-land trials are conducted at all locations, with an additional limited irrigation trial at Goodwell. The ...
Al-Khatib, Kassim, and Tesso, Tesfaye, Kansas Grain Sorghum Commission, Breeding Grain Sorghum for Improved Dryland Production.. Claassen, Mark M.,Lingenfelser, Jane E., Regehr, David L., and Roozeboom, Kraig L., Kansas Grain Sorghum Commission, Extension and Applied Research Programs for Kansas Grain Sorghum Production.. Gordon, Walter B., and Duncan, Stewart R.(Northeast Area Office), Kansas Grain Sorghum Commission, $6,500, Management Systems for Grain Sorghum Production Under Dryland and Limited Irrigated Conditions.. Janssen, Keith A.,Kansas Grain Sorghum Commission, $6,300, Evaluation of Strip-Tillage for Grain Sorghum in Kansas.. Janssen, Keith A., and Thompson, Curtis R., Multisponsor, Field Herbicidal Evaluations.. Kirkham, Mary B., and Williams, Kimberly A.(Horticulture, Forestry and Recreation Resources), Gloeckner Foundation, Inc. (Fred C.), $3,000, Causes and Management of the Physiological Disorder Edema on Greenhouse Crops.. Lingenfelser, Jane E.,Claassen, Mark M., ...
1024x768 Kansas StateResearch and Extension in conjunction with the Kansas Grain Sorghum Commission,and supported by the Sorghum Checkoff, Chromatin, Inc., KFRM 550 AM radiostation, and Bayer CropScience (Huskie), will hold in-depth Sorghum Schools atfour locations throughout Kansas. Meetingdates span Feb. 11-14 and address a number of issues facing by sorghum growers:risk management, irrigation management, crop production practices, nutrient andsoil fertility, weed, insect, and disease
Kansas Sorghum Farmers Congratulate David Schemm as new Kansas FSA Director. COLWICH, Kan. - Kansas Grain Sorghum Producers Association is pleased with the recent appointment of David Schemm, grain sorghum and wheat farmer from Sharon Springs, to his new role as Farm Service Agencys State Executive Director for Kansas.. David is admired by his peers and has strong knowledge of government policies affecting growers. As past president of National Association of Wheat Growers, Schemm worked tirelessly to advance member interests on behalf of NAWG .. He is absolutely a positive person. He has overcome adversity and we look forward to working with him in his new, exciting role, said Kent Winter, KGSPA President, and farmer from Andale.. The United States Department of Agricultures (USDAs) Farm Service Agency (FSA) helps to keep Americas farmers and ranchers in business as they face the uncertainties of weather and markets. The FSA delivers commodity, credit, conservation, disaster, and ...
JACKSON - The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has approved farmers in the state of Mississippi for the use of sulfoxaflor (CAS Reg. No. 946578-00-3) on sorghum.. This specific exemption will aid in controlling the sugarcane aphid (Melanaphis sacchari), which is a destructive pest that can cause damage to the grain sorghum crop.. The registered product receiving this exemption is Transfor WG (EPA Reg. No. 62719-625; 50% sulfoxaflor) and is manufactured by Dow AgroSciences. Expiration for this specific exemption will be Oct. 31.. The Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerces Bureau of Plant Industry has authority under Section 18 of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act to obtain an exemption from EPA for a non-labeled use of a pesticide if significant losses of an agricultural commodity are likely and if labeled products are not available or effective.. ...
Dhurrin is a cyanogenic glycoside produced in many plants. Discovered in multiple sorghum varieties in 1906 as the culprit of cattle poisoning by hydrogen cyanide, dhurrin is most typically associated with Sorghum bicolor, the organism used for mapping the biosynthesis of dhurrin from tyrosine. Dhurrins name is derived form the Arabic word for sorghum, transliterated to Dhura. In Sorghum bicolor, dhurrin production is regulated at the transcriptional level and varies depending on the plants age and available nutrients. Dhurrin content within Sorghum bicolor can be correlated to the amount of mRNA and translated protein of enzymes CYP79A1 and CYP71E1, two membrane bound members of the cytochrome P450 superfamily. While transcription and translation of these two enzymes is relatively higher for the first few days of growth, transcription is greatly reduced past one week of growth. After five weeks of growth, transcription and translation of both enzymes in the leaves becomes undetectable, ...
Mutation at LGS1 does not eliminate SL biosynthesis, but rather changes the type of SLs present in the root exudates. In a comparison of all possible stereoisomers of the SLs previously reported in sorghum root exudates, strigol, sorgolactone, sorgomol, and 5-deoxystrigol, it was shown that S. hermonthica germination was much higher when exposed to these SLs in their natural (β-oriented C-ring) form than when treated with their α-oriented enantiomers (16). Furthermore, Yoneyama et al. (28) predicted that SLs containing a hydroxyl group directly on the A- (e.g., strigol) or B-ring (e.g., orobanchol) would be prone to ring-destroying nucleophilic attack and therefore be less persistent in the soil. Together, these results explain why orobanchol-exuding sorghums, like the lgs1 mutants, would show low Striga germination stimulant activity in our laboratory agar assays, as well as when planted in farm fields infested with Striga.. We have presented compelling genetic evidence in the form of ...
Getting quality seed out of research labs and test plots into the hands of millions of farmers in remote areas remains one of the largest challenges facing us today. Scaling up from a handful of breeder seeds to the reliable volumes and distribution required to reach even the most remote areas, requires a holistic approach across all sectors including local seed companies, dealers and national governments, said Lloyd Le Page, founder of Heartland Global.. Sorghum and millet are African native dryland cereals that show an exceptional resistance capacity in arid climate conditions. While the last decade has seen some moderate improvements in the yield of rice and maize, national sorghum and millet yields have on average remained flat. The substantial agronomic, food and feed potential of sorghum and millet has been described in previous research, but is yet to be fully exploited. Investing in seed systems and new product development for improving yields and nutritional quality of both crops is ...
Transform WG Sec 18 Label for Sorghum Approval Letter With Effective/Expiration Use Dates. Please follow the link above to access the section 18 label. The link to the approval letter outlines the effective and expiration dates for the use of Transform in sorghum, as well as specifics regarding number of applications and maximum acreage treated in Louisiana.. If you have any questions or concerns about sugarcane aphids or use of Transform in Sorghum please contact:. Sebe Brown at 318-498-1283 (cell) or 318-435-2903 (office). Dr. David Kerns at 318-439-4844 (cell) or 318-435-2157 (office). Dr. Julien Beuzelin at 337-501-7087 (cell) or 318-473-6523 (office). ...
CraigCreekGardens.com Bobs Red Mill Sorghum Flour Gluten Free (4x22 Oz) [BA19554] - Save on Bobs Red Mill 4X 22 Oz Sorghum Flour Gluten FreeSorghum Flour, A Millet-Like Grain, Is Americas Third Leading Cereal Crop. It Is A Powerhouse Of Nutrition And Adds A Superb Flavor To Gluten-Free Baking. Add 15% To 20% Sorghum Flour To Your Flour Mixes To Make Delicious Breads,
The aforementioned farm on which I grew up was in Benton County, Tennessee, at that time the largest producer of sorghum molasses in the nation. The production of new sorghum from the mills each October or November was the cause for a frenzy of gluttony that involved sorghum, biscuits and butter (and bacon and, for some reason, home-canned tomatoes), gingerbread, and all manner of desserts. This particular one is a recipe one of the ladies in the nearby Mennonite community gave my mother, and we made it every year during new sorghum season. Sorghum molasses, to me, is the quintessential taste of fall. - Kayb
Reed Middleton is a sophomore at Kansas State University studying Agriculture Economics and Global Food Systems Leadership and serving on staff as the Kansas Grain Sorghum Conservation & Sustainability Fellow. Reed will spend her summer working with sorghum farmers in central and western Kansas to collect information on and document sustainability practices. Reed has been an active participant in 4-H and FFA, holding numerous leadership positions during her time as a member and helping coach a Kansas Association National Officer Candidate in 2019. At K-State she is a College of Agriculture Ambassador and a student intern for the Henry C. Gardiner Global Food Systems Lecture Series. Off campus, she is a member of Kappa Delta Sorority and serves in the preschool room at her church in Manhattan.. Reed was raised in Eastern Oregon with her parents, brother, and extended family. She moved to Kansas to attend K-State in 2018. Over the course of her fellowship, she is excited for the opportunity to ...
1 year ago - Compiled by Staff Tags: North America, Sorghum Late last week, Chromatin acquired Kirkland Seed Inc., a forage sorghum seed supplier based in Vega, Texas.. Our business is based on quality seed production, combined with outstanding customer service and relationships, says Lester Kirkland who manages the company. I am pleased to be joining the Chromatin team, and I look forward to introducing Chromatins full lineup of high performance grain and forage sorghum products to our customers.. The Kirkland Seed grower network and production facilities add operating capacity to Chromatins sorghum infrastructure.. The addition of this site optimizes our inventory processing capabilities, says Ken Thompson, Chromatins director of plant operations. With this addition, Chromatin will immediately achieve important efficiencies throughout our network.. According to Daphne Preuss, Chromatin CEO, this is the fifth recent sorghum transaction completed by the companys mergers and ...
A field experiment was conducted to determine the interaction effects of herbicide timing and doses on the control of Sorghum halepense in maize. The experiment was a split plot in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Main plots were herbicide doses (0, 40, 60, 80, 100 g.ae of nicosulfuron) and sub-plots comprised herbicide timing (maize growth stages: 2-4 leaves, 4-6 leaves and 6-8 leaves). Standard dose response model was used to describe the relationship between weed biomass and herbicide doses at each herbicide application time. Estimated parameters showed that herbicide application delay increased U, L, ED50, ED90 parameters linearly. The highest yield of maize (20478.8 kg/h) was obtained by 2.5 lit/ha herbicide applied at 2-4 leaves of maize growth stage. Recommended dose of herbicide resulted in 12108.74 kg/h maize yield when it was applied at 6-8 leaves maize growth stage. In summary, 1.5 lit/ha herbicide applied at 2-4 leaves growth stage of maize gave acceptable
Background and Objective: The growth performance of sorghum is influenced by soil structure of location and the source of nitrogen fertilizer applied during planting. Greenhouse experiment was conducted during spring and repeated in autumn of 2017 planting season, to investigate the influence of nitrogen fertilizer source, soil type and cultivar on the growth parameters of sorghum. Materials and Methods: The experiment was a 2×2×4 factorial experiment fitted into a complete randomised design. Two soil types used were loamy sandy and sandy soil. Two sorghum cultivars planted were PAN 8826 and PAN 8625 and 4 nitrogen fertilizer sources were ammonium sulphate, urea, LAN and control. The measured growth parameters were plant height, number of leaves per plant, leaf area, leaf chlorophyll content, stem diameter and root mass. Results: Nitrogen fertilizer source had significant effect (p,0.05) on leaf chlorophyll content, leaf area, stem diameter and fresh root mass. Sorghum fertilized with nitrogen ...
The following information was provided by Dr. David Buntin, UGA grain crop entomologist.. A new aphid, the white sugarcane aphid (Melanaphis sacchari), has been found attacking sorghum in Georgia. The aphid was the white sugarcane aphid. Subsequent reports find the aphid in 9 total counties in the southwest quadrant of the state (Marion, Decatur, Early, Seminole, Colquitt, Taylor, Terrell, Randolph, and Tift counties). More counties most likely will be added to this list in the next few weeks.. The white sugarcane aphid (WSCA) has occurred in Florida since 1977 and Louisiana since 1989 feeding on sugarcane. About 2 years ago the aphid shifted its host preference to grain and forage sorghums. First found in Texas, this new strain has rapidly spread eastward across the southern United States in 2014 and is now widespread in Mississippi, Louisiana, and eastern Texas, and Arkansas. It is expected that WSCA will continue to spread rapidly throughout Georgia over the next few months. It is important ...
Chromatin, Inc. and Calgren Renewable Fuels, an ethanol producer located in Pixley, CA, announced an alliance to develop a local supply chain for sorghum for the production of fuel ethanol and distillers grains. The multi-year agreement covers up to 30,000 acres of sorghum grain to be grown and supplied to...
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Spotty rain showers across much of Kansas this past week were too little to improve drought conditions in western Kansas.. The National Agricultural Statistics Service reported Monday that dryland farm crops and pastures continue to suffer. The agency says it has received reports of failed corn and sorghum crops in areas missed by the rain, as well as fields damaged by hail or wind.. The corn crops condition has declined with 30 percent considered in poor to very poor shape. About 39 percent is rated fair, 28 percent is good and 3 percent is in excellent condition.. Sorghum crops also are hurting, with 21 percent reported in poor to very poor condition. About 43 percent is rated as fair, 34 percent as good and 2 percent as excellent. ...
Sorghum is a new addition to the quicknhealthy kitchen. Though on the packet it claims to be an ancient grain from India, I have never had it before in my life :). A drought and heat resistant crop very much suitable for sustainable farming just like many other millet varieties. It is nutrient rich and adds a distinct texture and flavor to your dishes. Use them in salads, breakfast porridges, soups, pilafs or stuffed in veggies like in this colorful and flavorful stuffed bell peppers. You can call it bell pepper stuffed with curried sorghum :). I would like to remind my non-Indian readers that curry is not a spice in itself like most of you think, but it is a mixture of spices which varies in mix and proportion based on who is making the curry :). ...
PAFERS CROP PRODUCTION. Metabolic pathway of oligosaccharides in sorghum honeydew caused by Claviceps africana Rota metabólica de oligossacarídeos em exsudato da doença açucarada do sorgo causado por Claviceps africana Amauri BogoI,1 1 Autor para correspondência. ; Peter MantleII. IDepartamento de Fitotecnia, Centro de Ciências Agroveterinárias (CAV), Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC). Av. Luis de Camões, 2090, 88520-000, Lages, SC, Brasil. E-mail: [email protected] IIImperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, SW7-2AY, UK. ABSTRACT The occurrence of the alditol oligosaccharides in the Claviceps afriana honeydew is partly as a rational expression of the pathogens selective nutritive metabolism of the sucrose supplied by the host plant. The experiments were carried out in laboratory and when 14C-D-sucrose, 14C-D-fructose or 14C-D-mannitol radiolabelled saccharides were incorporated into: a) sorghum plant infected by C. africana, b) whole and macereted ...
Learn how to make molasses from sorghum you purchased, or grew yourself. Where you get the sorghum doesnt affect the outcome; but if you buy, make sure its organic.
There are 651 calories in 1 cup of Sorghum. Get full nutrition facts and other common serving sizes of Sorghum including 1 oz and 100 g.
Sugarcane aphid, (Melanaphis sacchari (Zehntner) (Hemiptera: Aphididae)) has become an important pest of sorghum in the US. This recent invasion is assumed to be either as a result of a host shift from sugarcane in the south or introduction of a special-ized strain from tropical Africa. If host shift happened through adaptive change to infest sorghum, other closely related species such as pearl millet are in danger from this voracious pest. The resistance level of pearl millet genotypes representing A-, B-, R-lines and germplasm were evaluated under climate-controlled growth chamber along with resistant and susceptible sorghum hybrids. Ten plants of the genotypes were planted in a row in a tray per replicate. Cuttings infested with a stock colony of aphids maintained on the susceptible sorghum line were evenly distributed across the soil in each tray to ascend the plants at will. The damage was scored two times (5 and 8 days after infesta-tion) using a scale of 1 to 9 (1 = no visible damage, 9 = dead).
The relative performance of grain sorghum hybrids grown under similar environmental conditions is evaluated in this report for the 1976 season. Performance records of the hybrids harvested in 1976 and available two-, three-, four-, and five-year averages are presented. The trials were conducted under the Plant Science Department program in Crop Performance Testing, Agricultural Experiment Station, South Dakota·State University.
Free Organic Seeds on Orders over $50! Since 1976 weve supplied organic gardeners & farmers with garden supplies at very competitive prices.
Weve zeroed in on aluminum tolerance in maize and sorghum, Kochian says. Aluminum is what limits root-system growth in acid soils. These crops are ideal for this project because in sorghum, aluminum tolerance is a simple trait, while in maize, the tolerance is complex. Kochians group and researchers at Brazils EMBRAPA Maize and Sorghum Research Center have cloned Alt SB, the major sorghum aluminum-tolerance gene. And recently, he and colleagues confi rmed the importance of a gene called AtALMT1 to aluminum tolerance in Arabidopsis. They also found that a second, still unidentifi ed, gene plays a major role in that plants aluminum tolerance in acidic soil.. Targeting Insect Vectors ...
That has led to the creation of new sorghum varieties that combine striga- and drought-resistance more readily using molecular technology. So far, 961 tons of seed have been distributed to more than 400,000 farmers in Ethiopia and Tanzania.. የሚሊዮኖች ተስፋ……... With more high-throughput phenotyping and the ability to sequence a large slate of genotypes, we identified an important gene that is foundational for imparting striga resistance, Ejeta said. It helps to move that gene with confidence and consider new ways of exploiting that gene. Some of that weve already been working on.. This next phase of the program will focus on advancements in biological research, specifically identifying more genes involved in imparting broad-based and durable striga resistance in sorghum and other crops.. ...
Before Ejeta took up the challenge, researchers hadnt had much success controlling the weed. Its seeds can lie dormant in the soil for decades. But Ejeta and his team at Purdue University discovered the chemical signals produced by the sorghum plant that tell the Striga seeds to wake up -- that a victim is available. They then found sorghum varieties that didnt produce the signals, and bred a line of Striga-resistant plants that thrived in a broad range of African growing conditions. These new varieties produced up to four times more grain than local types, even in drought-plagued areas ...
The experiment was conducted under rain-fed conditions in the northern part of Gedarif State in season 2007/08 to evaluate the efficacy of Imidal 70 WS (imidacloprid) for the control of the central shootfly (Atherigona soccata) on sorghum. Data collected included number of plants with dead heart, % crop emergence, % damage and sorghum grain yield. The results showed that Imidal 70 WS and its counterpart, Gaucho 70 WS at 3g product/kg seeds significantly improved crop emergence, reduced number of plants with dead heart, reduced central shootfly damage and increased sorghum grain yield compared to the untreated control. The performance of Imidal 70 WS in all measured parameters was comparable to that of its counterpart, Gaucho 70 WS ...
The effects of sorghum distillers dried grains with solubles (sorghum-DDGS) in growing pig diets on growth performance and carcass quality were investigated. A total of 204 animals of 13.9 +/- 2.60 kg body weight (BW) were allocated into two dietary treatments, a conventional diet (C) and a diet containing sorghum-DDGS (DDGS). DDGS inclusion levels used were 150 g kg(-1) in pigs from 14-40 kg BW, 300 g kg(-1) from 40-80 kg BW and 350 g kg(-1) from 80 kg BW to slaughter. Animals' body weight, feed intake, backfat thickness (BF) and loin depth (LD) were measured throughout the study. Protein, fibre and fat content of sorghum-DDGS were approximately three times-fold those of the whole grain. During the nursery period, feed intake and final BW tended to be lower in the group of pigs fed DDGS compared to the piglets fed C diet (871.4 g d (1) and 30 kg vs 951.1 g d (1) and 31 kg). During the growing period no differences were found on growth performance between treatments. Pigs fed sorghum-DDGS ...
Studies were conducted into the etiology of leg abnormalities noted in chicks fed high tannin sorghum grain diets. These anomalies were characterized by a bowing of the legs with a swelling of the hock joints. The incidence of these leg problems was
Aug 11, 2016 Tillman County Grain Sorghum Field Tour (Tipton Valley Research Center, located 4 miles south of Tipton on Highway 5, from Aug 11, 2016 11:00 AM to Aug 11, 2016 12:30 PM) ...
A five-day training workshop for NARS cereal breeding technicians was organized by ICRISAT-Nairobi at their Kiboko field station from 8-12 August. The objective of the workshop was to enhance participants knowledge and capacity on theory and practical application of emasculation, pollination, seed production and data collection in sorghum, finger millet and pearl millet for improved management of their breeding programs. The training brought together 12 participants from Kenya (6), Ethiopia (1), Tanzania (4) and Malawi (2). The training was conducted by…. ...
Hume, A.N. and Franzke, C., Sorghums for Forage and Grain in South Dakota (1934). Research Bulletins of the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (1887-2011). 285 ...
Find and compare a variety of sorghum farming (crop cultivation) videos on agriculture-xprt.com on the worlds largest agricultural portal. View product and services catalogs, brochures, case studies, company news and more. Contact providers to ...
--by Dr. Jeff Whitworth and Dr. Holly Schwarting   Chinch bugs continue to be very active in both corn and sorghum throughout north centr...
Sorghum is emerging as a star player in the biofuels industry. With its water use efficiency, resistance to heat, and low cost of seed, it could outpace corn, with a little boost from improved genetics. To aid that, a UNL team was recently awarded a $2.7 million grant to work on a rapid, efficient method for characterizing its gene functions.
Sensory Acceptability of Sorghum Peanut Blend (SPB) and Corn Soy Blend Plus (CSB+) By Young Children With Moderate Acute Malnutrition in Karamoja, Uganda
Dry Ingredients2 1/3 cups sorghum flour blend3/4 cup granulated sugar1 tablespoon baking powder1 1/2 teaspoons xanthan gum3/4 teaspoon saltWet Ingredients1 cup milk of choice, at room temperature1/3 cup canola oil2 large eggs, at room temperature1 tablespoon grated lemon peel1 teaspoon vanilla extractAdd-Ins and Topping
Sorghum. Baijiu (Kaoliang wine). Multiple grains. Ara. American whiskey. Canadian whisky. Shōchū. Whisky. ...
Sorghum. Baijiu (Kaoliang wine). Multiple grains. Ara. American whiskey. Canadian whisky. Shōchū. Whisky. ...
The 1889 book The Useful Native Plants of Australia'' records that Sorghum halepense is a "strong, erect-growing species, ... Johnson grass or Johnsongrass, Sorghum halepense, is a plant in the grass family, Poaceae, native to the Mediterranean region, ... Species Profile- Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense), National Invasive Species Information Center, United States National ...
Sorghum. 782. 863. 4,053. 1,212. 582. 2,853 Coconuts. 749. 2,255. 1,954. 2,545 ...
For years American farmers have practiced row cropping, with crops such as sorghum and corn. Because of this, much is known ...
Sweet sorghum in IndiaEdit. Sweet sorghum overcomes many of the shortcomings of other biofuel crops. With sweet sorghum, only ... Uganda: Sorghum On High Demand for Ethanol And Beer Production *^ Sweet sorghum for food, feed and fuel Archived 2015-09-04 at ... found that growing sweet sorghum instead of grain sorghum could increase farmers incomes by US$40 per hectare per crop because ... Can Sorghum Solve the Biofuels Dilemma? Archived 2008-05-15 at the Wayback Machine IPS News, May 13, 2008. Retrieved December ...
In the case of λ-cyhalothrin, the current US label includes its use on alfalfa; canola; corn; rice; sorghum; cereals including ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Collier, Peter (1884). Sorghum. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co. p. 280. Retrieved 21 ...
Red Sorghum (1988). *Rain Man (1989). *Music Box / Larks on a String (1990) ...
"Red Sorghum: A Search for Roots". Senses of Cinema. Archived from the original on 27 April 2007. Retrieved 28 April 2007 ...
Sorghum[H] Plantain[Z] RDA Water (g) 10 12 13 79 60 68 77 70 9 65 3,000 ...
Red Sorghum (1988). *The Birth of New China (1989). *Ju Dou (1990) ...
Red Sorghum (1988). *Rain Man (1989). *Music Box / Larks on a String (1990) ...
Fragrant Sorghum Hall A five bay hall open on four sides with hipped-gable roofline. The name comes from sorghum fields that ... A square pavilion open on two sides, sited atop a hill in front of the Fragrant Sorghum Hall. ...
"Biofuels from sorghum". arpa-e.energy.gov. February 20, 1913. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved ... "Genetically enhanced sorghum and sugarcane". arpa-e.energy.gov. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved ... Turning sugarcane and sorghum into an oil-producing crop.[8]. *Engineering Camelina so that the topmost leaves reflect light ... Harvesting the sugar from sorghum and processing it into farnesene, which is an additive in diesel fuels.[4] ...
Red Sorghum (1988). *Rain Man (1989). *Music Box / Larks on a String (1990) ...
Red Sorghum (1987). *Evening Bell (1988). *Ju Dou (1990). *Raise the Red Lantern (1991) ...
They include such important crops as maize (corn), sugarcane, and sorghum. All species in this tribe use C4 carbon fixation, ... The Andropogoneae, sometimes called the sorghum tribe, are a large tribe of grasses (family Poaceae) with roughly 1,200 species ... of Sorghum?) Homozeugos Imperata Lasiorhachis Leptatherum (syn. Polliniopsis) Miscanthidium Miscanthus (syn. Diadranthus, ... of Eulalia?) Saccharum Sclerostachya Sorghastrum Sorghum (syn. Sarga, Vacoparis) Trachypogon Tripidium Veldkampia ...
alcandía: Sorghum. From Andalusi Arabic qatniyya. alcandora: A type of shirt. From Arabic qandura. alcanería: A now obsolete ... From Arabic dharb (ضرب‎) adaza: sorghum. From Arabic duqsah.[citation needed] adefera: a small, square wall or floor tile. From ...
In the northern part, the main staple foods include millet and sorghum. Yam, maize and beans are used across Ghana as staple ... Tuo Zaafi is a millet, sorghum or maize dish originating from Northern Ghana Fonfom is a maize dish popular in south-western ... The color comes from the indigenous grass Sorghum bicolor. This side dish bears striking similarities to West Indian rice and ... "Bicolor Sorghum". www.specialtyproduce.com. Retrieved 22 March 2018. BetumiBlog: Search results for fante fante BetumiBlog: ...
Mo Yan (2003). Red Sorghum. Translator Howard Goldblatt. London: Arrow. ISBN 9780099451679. Chun Sue, Chunshu (2004). Beijing ...
Sorghum spp. (Spear Grass / An-ngulubu) - grows to over 2 metres and becomes the dominant understorey plant towards the end of ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Devgen to Acquire Rice, Sunflower, Sorghum and Pearl Millet Businesses in India and ... sorghum hybrids; soybeans with various oil profiles, most with the Roundup Ready trait; and a wide range of wheat products, ...
and sorghum. About one half the cultivated area is irrigated. Llera is situated on the banks of the Guayaleyo River, part of ...
... and sorghum. In 2006 there were 1,205 rural producers with a total area of 15,958 hectares. Cropland made up 1,800 hectares and ...
... sorghum grass. With heat units and frost free days unmatched anywhere else in Canada, the island is a natural destination for ...
Across the boroughs of England, a network of chartered markets sprang up between the 12th and 16th centuries, giving consumers reasonable choice in the markets they preferred to patronise.[33] A study on the purchasing habits of the monks and other individuals in medieval England, suggests that consumers of the period were relatively discerning. Purchase decisions were based on purchase criteria such as the consumer's perceptions of the range, quality, and price of goods. Such considerations informed decisions about where to make purchases and which markets to patronise.[34] As the number of charters granted increased, competition between market towns also increased. In response to competitive pressures, towns invested in developing a reputation for quality produce, efficient market regulation and good amenities for visitors such as covered accommodation. By the thirteenth century, counties with important textile industries were investing in purpose built halls for the sale of cloth. London's ...
... is the causal agent of sorghum anthracnose, which is one of the most important diseases in sorghum and can cause losses up to ... "Plantwise Knowledge Bank , Anthracnose on Sorghum". www.plantwise.org. Retrieved 2020-06-22. USDA ARS Fungal Database v t e. ... Text taken from PMDG: Anthracnose of sorghum (Ethiopia), Tadewos Ero (Plant Health Clinic, Kombolcha), Dejene Hirpa (Oromia ... Colletotrichum sublineola is a plant pathogen that causes anthracnose in wild rice and sorghum Colletotrichum sublineola ( ...
sorghum: 5,000 ha. In the health sector there were 04 hospitals with 133 beds and 10 public health clinics. In the educational ...
Bruce Maunder Sorghum Leadership Scholarship. Dr. Bruce Maunder served U.S. sorghum producers for more than 20 years through ... Sorghum Feed and Food Scholarship. The Sorghum Feed and Food Scholarship is open to any undergraduate student, sophomore ... National Sorghum Foundation/BASF Scholarship. Applications for The National Sorghum Foundation/BASF Scholarship are open now ... He is known for his work in drought tolerance and sorghum disease, as well as his significant role in establishing the Sorghum ...
Sorghum bicolor - cultivated sorghum, often individually called sorghum, also known as durra, jowari, or milo. - native to ... "Sorghum - Atlas of Living Australia". Retrieved 4 September 2016.. *^ "Sorghum". County-level distribution maps from the North ... "Sweet Sorghum for Biofuel Production". eXtension. 2017. Retrieved 2017-03-02.. *^ "The Plant List: Sorghum". Royal Botanic ... "Sorghum". New World Encyclopedia. 12 October 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2016.. *^ Cyanide (prussic acid) and nitrate in sorghum ...
Sorghum bicolor n *A taxonomic species within the family Poaceae - cultivated sorghum, native to north Africa, widely ... species): Poaceae - family; Panicoideae - subfamily; Sacchareae - tribe; Sorghinae - subtribe; Sorghum - genus; Sorghum sect. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Sorghum_bicolor&oldid=50187259" ...
Sorghum vulgare) of the family Gramineae (grass [1] family), somewhat similar in appearance to corn [2] (but having the grain ... SORGHUM. SORGHUM , the summer plant Sorghum cernicum, called in Arabic durra or doḥn. The Arabs of Israel sow it extensively, ... Sorghum. Sorghum (genus Sorghum) refers to various species of grasses (family Poaceae) that are cultivated as food crops . ... SORGHUM. SORGHUM. In the 1840s the United States imported sorghum seeds from Liberia and grew the plants with a view to ...
Numerous Sorghum species are used for food (as grain and in sorghum syrup or sorghum molasses), fodder, the production of ... A sorghum species, Johnson Grass, is classified as a noxious weed.. The reclaimed stalks of the sorghum plant are used to make ... Sorghum is in the subfamily Panicoideae and the tribe Andropogoneae (the tribe of big bluestem and sugar cane). Sorghum is ... In ancient times sorghum was also grown in India. During the Muslim Agricultural Revolution, sorghum was planted extensively in ...
Vernacular names [edit wikidata Category:Sorghum linked to current category] [edit wikidata Sorghum main topic of Category ... 2015.11-435-047ap1 sorghum,harvesting,cutting INERA Res.Stat.Farako-Ba(Bobo-Dioulasso Dpt),BF fri06nov2015-0938h.jpg 3,221 × ... Sorghum; its culture and manufacture economically considered as a source of sugar, syrup (1884)‎ (3 F) ... The corn crops- a discussion of maize, kafirs, and sorghums as grown in the United States and Canada (1920) (20078594353).jpg ...
... - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become healthy and happy ... Sorghum. Food Group: Cereal Grains and Pasta. Long Description: Sorghum. Short Description: SORGHUM. Common Name: Manufacturer ... Sorghum Nutrition. This page is all about the nutrition of Sorghum. Learn about the carbs, calories, fat, sodium, and other ... Scientific Name: Sorghum spp.. Alternate Quantities. 100g serving. 1 cup (192 g). Overall Daily Recommended Values (RDA). ...
Sorghum durra (Forssk.) Stapf. Sorghum elegans (Körn.) Snowden. Sorghum gambicum Snowden. Sorghum guineense Stapf. Sorghum ... Sorghum margaritiferum Stapf. Sorghum melaleucum Stapf. Sorghum mellitum Snowden. Sorghum membranaceum Chiov.. Sorghum ... Sorghum technicum Batt. & Trab.. Sorghum vulgare Pers.. Sorghum vulgare var. caffrorum (Retz.) F.T.Hubb. & Rehder. Sorghum ... Sorghum roxburghii var. hians (Stapf) Stapf. Sorghum saccharatum (L.) Moench. Sorghum simulans Snowden. Sorghum splendidum ( ...
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Screening of sorghum varieties from a worldwide sorghum germplasm collection showed that genetic variability in protein content ... One pearl millet and two sorghum strains did not show any inhibitory activity against a-amylase, while other strains of sorghum ... These observations suggest that the aetiology of pellagra in sorghum eaters might be different. A common feature of sorghum and ... Tannins are the most abundant phenolic compound in brown bird-resistant sorghum. During maturation the brown-sorghum grain ...
Sweet sorghum is any of the many varieties of the sorghum grass whose stalks have a high sugar content. Sweet sorghum thrives ... Camp Sorghum, historical use of sorghum molasses List of syrups Rapuano, Rina. "Sorghum Travels From The South To The ... Media related to Sweet sorghum at Wikimedia Commons National Sweet Sorghum Producers and Processors Association Sweet Sorghum ... Sweet sorghum syrup is known as "sorghum molasses" in some regions of the United States, though in most of the U.S. the term ...
Gates Foundation extends sorghum research with a $6.1 million grant to.... Gary Scoggins - January 31, 2017. 0 ... Sorghum and Barley Get Married - How Adding a Barley Gene.... Helena Kennedy - October 12, 2016. 0 ... NCBiotech receives $1.87M USDA/DOE grant to lead SE sorghum initiative. Gary Scoggins - October 12, 2016. 0 ... Key gene controls stem juiciness in sorghum. Helena Kennedy - October 3, 2018. 0 ...
... © 2011 Steve Matson. Sorghum bicolor. © 2011 Steve Matson. Sorghum bicolor. © 2011 Steve Matson. Sorghum ... Previous taxon: Sorghum. Next taxon: Sorghum halepense. Name Search Botanical illustration including Sorghum bicolor. ... Synonyms: Sorghum lanceolatum Stapf; Sorghum sudanense (Piper) Stapf; Sorghum virgatum (Hack.) Stapf. Jepson eFlora Author: ... Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. NATURALIZED. Stem: erect, 1--2.5 m. Leaf: ligule 1--4 mm, blade 5--100 cm, 3--5 cm wide. ...
Sweet sorghum, primarily a U.S. source of sugar for syrup and molasses, is uniquely suited to production as a bioenergy crop, a ... Sorghum promoted as biofuel source *Sorghum tested as alternative fuel *Scientists create sorghum for toxic soils ... The soluble sugar sorghum produces can also be converted to biofuel, while fibers left over from the juice extraction process ... Sorghum and sugarcane would be ideal for production in the southeastern United States, the report authors said, because they ...
... giving a badly gray and/or blackened appearance to sorghum or tannin sorghum sorghum. When sorghum is found to be distinctly ... EXPLANATION: Distinctly discolored sorghum has been discolored by adverse weather conditions, ... discolored, the sorghum shall not be graded higher than U.S. No. 3, and the words "Distinctly Discolored" shall be recorded on ...
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Pioneers sorghum research group represents the first step in the Pioneer commitment to sorghum growers. Researchers develop ... Pioneer strives to ensure that the most well adapted, high quality sorghum hybrids are properly positioned with every customer. ... Pioneer strives to ensure that the most well adapted, high quality sorghum hybrids are properly positioned with every customer. ... Researchers develop the elite grain sorghum hybrids Pioneer produces, sells and services. ...
1 - Corn and Sorghum Fungal Disease Laboratory 2 - Page 2 3 - Page 3 4 - Page 4 ... ARS Home » Midwest Area » West Lafayette, Indiana » Crop Production and Pest Control Research » Docs » Corn and Sorghum Fungal ... goal of the research is to obtain information that will expand approaches for controlling fungal diseases of corn and sorghum ...
These early-flowering varieties of sorghum are critical for the spread of the crop to more new locations. ... Researchers recently released 40 varieties of early-flowering sorghum bred for use in cooler, more temperate areas. ... Sorghum has also been linked with good digestive and cardiovascular health. Some varieties of sorghum are used as livestock ... IMAGE: Sorghum geneticist/breeder Fred Miller (right) mentors young scientists on sorghum germplasm while in a commercial ...
Methods and compositions for the efficient transformation of sorghum is provided. The method involves infection with ... 4. The sorghum plant of claim 3, wherein said gene is bar, pat, ALS, HPH, HYG, EPSP or Hm1. 5. The sorghum plant of claim 4, ... 2. The sorghum plant of claim 1, wherein said plant comprises less than 3 copies of said nucleic acid sequence. 3. The sorghum ... The sorghum plant of claim 12, wherein said plant comprises less than 3 copies of said nucleic acid sequence. 14. The sorghum ...
Why is sorghum relegated to a second-class grain for human consumption in the United States? Its many nutritional benefits ... Use of Sorghum for Human Consumption The most typical form of human consumption of sorghum is as a porridge. In this form, ... Sorghum also has been used in some nations to make a flatbread, such as roti in India. In North Africa, sorghum was originally ... Sorghum: the Forgotten Grain. Why is sorghum relegated to a second-class grain for human consumption in the United States? Its ...
Sorghum is grown in warmer climates worldwide. Sorghum is used for a variety of purposes. As a grain sorghum, it is used as ... Different types of Sorghum bicolor are recognized including grain sorghums, sweet sorghums, and grass sorghums. ... grass sorghums (for pasture and hay), sweet sorghums (formerly called "guinea corn," used to produce sorghum syrups), and broom ... Sweet sorghums are used for producing syrups and molasses (the plants are closely related to sugar cane) and grass sorghums are ...
... about the potential to produce super-strains of perennial grasses like sweet sorghum and switchgrass, and Im looking forward ... sorghum, and miscanthus-that are ideally suited for fuel production. ...
... announced the development of five forage sorghum products designed to produce highly digestible bi ... develops sorghum for both traditional agriculture markets and for uses in new applications. It provides high quality sorghum ... forage sorghum product portfolio, including five new forage sorghum products now available for commercial testing. These new ... Today, Chromatins products are sold in the U.S. and in more than 20 countries, where its sorghum seed is planted on over 4 ...
... whose hairy greenish larva is sometimes a destructive pest of the seed heads of sorghum. ... Sorghum webworm definition is - a noctuid moth (Celama sorghiella) ... Dictionary Entries near sorghum webworm. sorghum brown sorghum midge sorghum smut sorghum webworm sorgo sorgo syrup Soria ... Share sorghum webworm Post the Definition of sorghum webworm to Facebook Share the Definition of sorghum webworm on Twitter ...
American cars and trucks may soon be fueled with sorghum. Not used widely as a food grain in the United States, sorghum is one ... Scientists Develop Fast-Growing Sorghum for Biofuel COLLEGE STATION, Texas, October 9, 2007 (ENS) - ... "Sorghum produces high yields, is naturally drought tolerant and can thrive in places that do not support corn and other food ... Presently, sorghum-to-ethanol production uses the grain part of the plant, but the leaves and stalks hold the greatest ...
Sorghum Pale Ale is a American IPA style beer brewed by Steadfast Beer Co. in Albany, NY. 3.33 average with 25 ratings, reviews ... Think again! Steadfast Sorghum Pale Ale is our Gluten-Free take on a quintessential American beer style. Made with sorghum, ... Sorghum Pale Ale 1 pint 6.0 fluid ounces poured into a pint glass.. A: Nice amber color. White head about a fingers worth that ... Sourgum and molasses brings score down. A little sticky(maybe placebo effect).. Either way I would drink again but would stick ...
... Expand your repertoire of plant-based protein foods! Food in Depth is a series of cooking ... 2019-06-30T18:30:00-0700 2019-06-30T20:00:00-0700 Food in Depth-Sorghum w/ Carol Acker 26 SW Condor Way, Portland, OR, 97239, ...
  • For the principal modern crop species, see Sorghum bicolor . (wikipedia.org)
  • One species, Sorghum bicolor , [10] native to Africa with many cultivated forms now, [11] is an important crop worldwide, used for food (as grain and in sorghum syrup or "sorghum molasses" ), animal fodder , the production of alcoholic beverages , and biofuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sorghum bicolor on Wikipedia. (wiktionary.org)
  • Sorghum bicolor on Wikimedia Commons. (wiktionary.org)
  • Because the relationships among the various species and their hybrids are highly complex and not well understood, the cultivated grain sorghums are usually named as Sorghum bicolor . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Synonyms of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench subsp. (wikimedia.org)
  • Citation for this treatment: Elizabeth M. Skendzic 2012, Sorghum bicolor , in Jepson Flora Project (eds. (berkeley.edu)
  • One species, Sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Species recorded include: Sorghum amplum - northwestern Australia Sorghum angustum - Queensland Sorghum arundinaceum - Africa, Indian Subcontinent, Madagascar, islands of the western Indian Ocean Sorghum bicolor - cultivated sorghum, often individually called sorghum, also known as durra, jowari, or milo. (wikipedia.org)
  • In particular, the term is popularly used for Sorghum bicolor (syn. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Sorghum bicolor is the primary cultivate Sorghum species. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Different types of Sorghum bicolor are recognized including grain sorghums, sweet sorghums, and grass sorghums. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Sorghum ( Sorghum vulgare or Sorghum bicolor ) is a grass (Family Poaceae ), whose seeds are used to make a flour and as cattle feed. (fact-index.com)
  • Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is a gluten-free grain and is the fifth most commonly grown grain crop in the world behind wheat, rice, corn, and barley. (southafrica.co.za)
  • In the present study, using an F 2 population derived from a cross between the grain sorghum variety SA2313 ( Sorghum bicolor ) and the Sudan-grass variety Hiro-1 ( S. bicolor ), we detected seven QTLs for 100-grain weight. (springer.com)
  • Sorghum ( Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is one of the most important cereals in the Northeast China. (hindawi.com)
  • Sorghum ( Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is the fifth most produced cereal after wheat, rice, maize, and barley [ 1 , 2 ] and is drought tolerant, resistant to water logging, and grows in various soil conditions [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Siva K. Chamarthi , Peter M. Vijay , Hari C. Sharma , and Lakshmi M. Narasu "Constitutive and Inducible Resistance to Atherigona soccata (Diptera: Muscidae) in Sorghum bicolor ," Journal of Economic Entomology 105(3), 1069-1076, (1 June 2012). (bioone.org)
  • Chase, S. sudanense (Piper) Stapf, Sorghum bicolor var. (efloras.org)
  • Perennial germplasm derived from crosses between Sorghum bicolor and either S. halepense or S. propinquum is being developed with the goal of preventing and reversing soil degradation in the world's grain sorghum-growing regions. (landinstitute.org)
  • In Kansas, breeding perennial sorghum involves crossing S. bicolor cultivars or breeding lines to S. halepense or perennial S. bicolor n × S. halepense breeding lines, selecting perennial plants from F2 or subsequent populations, crossing those plants with S. bicolor , and repeating the cycle. (landinstitute.org)
  • However, the sorghum sugar is not usually crystallized, but is boiled down into a dark-brown syrup similar to molasses. (encyclopedia.com)
  • WASHINGTON, Sept. 17 (UPI) -- Sweet sorghum, primarily a U.S. source of sugar for syrup and molasses, is uniquely suited to production as a bioenergy crop, a study suggests. (upi.com)
  • Sweet sorghum thrives better under drier and warmer conditions than many other crops and is grown primarily for forage, silage, and syrup production. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sweet sorghum syrup is known as "sorghum molasses" in some regions of the United States, though in most of the U.S. the term molasses refers to a sweet syrupy byproduct of sugarcane or sugar beet sugar extraction Sweet sorghum has been widely cultivated in the U.S. since the 1850s for use in sweeteners, primarily in the form of sorghum syrup. (wikipedia.org)
  • Under these conditions, some farms grew sweet sorghum for syrup to substitute for cane sugar and molasses, which helped ensconce sweet sorghum in Southern food culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • By the early 1900s, the U.S. produced 20 million US gallons (76,000 m3) of sweet sorghum syrup annually. (wikipedia.org)
  • Making syrup from sorghum (as from sugar cane) is heavily labor-intensive. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following World War II, with the declining availability of farm labor, sorghum syrup production fell drastically. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sweet sorghum syrup has shown good antioxidant properties and is found to be useful in food, beverage and pharmaceutical industries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sorghum syrup and hot biscuits are a traditional breakfast in the Southern United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sorghum syrup is also used on pancakes, cornmeal mush, grits and other hot cereals. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can be used as a cooking ingredient with a similar sweetening effect as molasses, though blackstrap molasses still has a higher nutritional value than sorghum syrup in most regards. (wikipedia.org)
  • In India sweet sorghum syrup is presently being promoted as a health food. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sweet Sorghum for Syrup. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sweet Sorghum Syrup R&D in India" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • Sweet sorghum is a common source of syrup and cattle feed, but it also is considered a promising feedstock for making fuel ethanol. (genomeweb.com)
  • Sweet sorghum is primarily cultivated for producing sorghum syrup to be used as a healthy alternative sweetener for alcoholic beverages and for chemical production and biofuel. (openpr.com)
  • Today, there are still a few family farms, nestled in the hills and hollers, that use draft horses to help squeeze the juice from sorghum cane as neighbors gather 'round to watch it boil down to sweet sorghum syrup. (asapconnections.org)
  • She shows the kids how to dip popsicle sticks into the sticky brown syrup, teaching them to love sorghum molasses just like she does. (asapconnections.org)
  • Sorghum is a type of grass indigenous to Africa and is grown for its grains used for flour, made into beer as well as syrup and is also used as an animal feed. (southafrica.co.za)
  • Sorghum syrup is actually a juice extract collected from a tall grass called sweet sorghum. (chowhound.com)
  • The result is the amber syrup known as sweet sorghum. (chowhound.com)
  • Sweet sorghum syrup production offers farmers an excellent opportunity to improve farm income and productivity. (aces.edu)
  • Sweet sorghum yields 200 to 300 gallons of syrup per acre, and sorghum syrup sells for $15 to $20 per gallon. (aces.edu)
  • The marketing outlook for sorghum syrup is also very favorable. (aces.edu)
  • Almost all the sorghum syrup produced is sold within 2 months after it is processed. (aces.edu)
  • Sorghum syrup is generally unavailable from December through August. (aces.edu)
  • Some sweet sorghum varieties are grown for syrup production, while others are grown for forage (silage). (aces.edu)
  • It is not necessary to grow sweet sorghum on sandy, low-fertility soils in order to produce a high-quality syrup. (aces.edu)
  • High-quality syrup can be made from sweet sorghum grown on a wide range of soil types. (aces.edu)
  • The syrup has a mild sorghum flavor, amber color, and excellent quality. (aces.edu)
  • 2 Pints 100% Pure Sorghum Syrup. (mcssl.com)
  • Sorghum is grown for beer-making, syrup production, and for their edible grains. (seedsavers.org)
  • This liquid can be pressed and boiled down to produce sorghum syrup. (seedsavers.org)
  • Sorghum is efficient in converting solar energy to chemical energy , and also uses less water compared to other grain crops. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sorghum ( genus Sorghum ) refers to various species of grasses (family Poaceae) that are cultivated as food crops. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Sorghum is one of the world ' s major cultivated crops, ranking fourth among the cereals. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In the Muslim world, sorghum was grown usually in areas where the soil was poor or the weather too hot and dry to grow other crops. (mcgill.ca)
  • The U.S. government is calling for the production of up to 36 billion gallons of biofuel by 2022, about 15 billion gallons of which will come from grain ethanol, with the remaining 21 billion gallons other "feedstocks" including sorghum, sugarcane, switchgrass and oilseed crops like rapeseed and soybean. (upi.com)
  • Sorghum and sugarcane would be ideal for production in the southeastern United States, the report authors said, because they are complementary crops that can extend the biofuel production season and utilize the same equipment. (upi.com)
  • Global demand for sorghum increased dramatically between 2013 and 2015 when China began purchasing US sorghum crops to use as livestock feed as a substitute for domestically grown corn. (wikipedia.org)
  • When planted in areas with long days and cold soils, typical sorghum crops face difficulties. (eurekalert.org)
  • However, by the time days become short enough in late summer for sorghum crops to flower, it also becomes too cold for them to survive in temperate climates. (eurekalert.org)
  • With fresh water becoming more limited for agriculture, crops such as sorghum may become more attractive to farmers. (eurekalert.org)
  • A study by researchers at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) found that growing sweet sorghum instead of grain sorghum could increase farmers' incomes by US$40 per hectare per crop because it can provide food, feed, and fuel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Not used widely as a food grain in the United States, sorghum is one of the five top cereal crops in the world, along with wheat, oats, corn, and barley. (ens-newswire.com)
  • This means new crops and specialized hybrids like these high-biomass sorghum types will be needed," Mascia said. (ens-newswire.com)
  • Sorghum produces high yields, is naturally drought tolerant and can thrive in places that do not support corn and other food crops, he said. (ens-newswire.com)
  • Sorghum also fits into established production systems and is harvested the year it is planted, unlike perennial grasses, so it fits well in a crop mix with perennial species and existing crops, like cotton," said Rooney. (ens-newswire.com)
  • SINGAPORE/BEIJING (Reuters) - China's purchases of U.S. soybeans have come to a grinding halt, trade and industry sources say, as fears of further action by Beijing to curb imports of U.S. crops following last week's anti-dumping move on sorghum rattles the agriculture industry. (reuters.com)
  • One of the crops he raises is sorghum. (vindy.com)
  • TERRA-SCAN is a start-up that provides phenotyping and field scouting services for crops, including sorghum. (energy.gov)
  • NEW YORK (GenomeWeb) - The US Department of Energy today announced $30 million in funding to six projects to develop better sorghum crops though the use of genetic and other technologies. (genomeweb.com)
  • Sorghum can be grown as a forage, grain, or sweet crop and is among the most efficient crops in conversion of solar energy into chemical energy, use of water, and is known as a drought tolerant, high energy environmentally friendly crop. (openpr.com)
  • Sorghum is an important crop in the semi-arid regions of Africa where rainfall is limited and water-intensive crops such as maize cannot be grown. (generationcp.org)
  • Sorghum is one of the most important cereal crops. (springer.com)
  • A compound secreted by sorghum helps the plant fight off weeds, and it leaves a residue that works against new crops in the same field. (grit.com)
  • By unlocking the genetic secrets of sorghum, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists have found a way to make one of the world's most important cereal crops a better option for growers. (grit.com)
  • Certain crops don't grow well in fields where sorghum has been raised, causing problems for growers who want to plant different crops on those fields. (grit.com)
  • By tweaking genes from other crops and orchestrating genes from within the sorghum plant itself, scientists are optimistic about doling out a crop that is richer in vitamins, amino acids and protein, which is also easily digestible. (medindia.net)
  • Sweet sorghum, or 'sorgo,' is closely related to other sorghum crops. (aces.edu)
  • This gene that plays an important role controlling the sorghum yield may also help us improve the yield of other crops like maize or rice. (innovations-report.com)
  • Department of Agriculture and Fisheries (DAF) senior development agronomist (Postharvest Grain Protection), Philip Burrill, said many growers were concerned about storage risks with the moisture content of some late sorghum crops well above the safe storage level of 13.5 per cent. (grdc.com.au)
  • Sorghum, one of the top five cereal crops in the world, is now battling a devastating insect pest, the sugarcane aphid, in the US. (unl.edu)
  • As members of a new federally funded bioenergy research center, two Nebraska plant scientists plan to spend the next five years working to expand the oil-producing capability of sorghum, a drought-tolerant crop that can be grown on more marginal lands than other farm crops. (unl.edu)
  • Many U.S. consumers have never heard of sorghum or, at least in the southern United States, may think of sorghum only in terms of molasses. (ift.org)
  • Camp Sorghum, historical use of sorghum molasses List of syrups Rapuano, Rina. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sweet sorghums are used for producing syrups and molasses (the plants are closely related to sugar cane) and grass sorghums are used for pasture and hay . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Made with sorghum, molasses, and an aggressive hop profile, this ale lives where quality and flavor intersect. (beeradvocate.com)
  • The terms ' sirup ' and ' molasses,' often used interchangeably in connection with sorghum, denote altogether different products. (unt.edu)
  • The aforementioned farm on which I grew up was in Benton County, Tennessee, at that time the largest producer of sorghum molasses in the nation. (food52.com)
  • Sorghum molasses, to me, is the quintessential taste of fall. (food52.com)
  • To make sorghum molasses the old-fashioned way, a horse is harnessed to a wooden pole with chains that echo off the mountainsides as they jangle. (asapconnections.org)
  • She is eager to teach new farmers how to make sorghum molasses, and Mollie Lebude and her husband Anthony have been waiting all year to learn. (asapconnections.org)
  • Most cultivated varieties of sorghum can be traced back to Africa, where they grow on savanna lands. (mcgill.ca)
  • These early-flowering varieties of sorghum are critical for the spread of the crop to more new locations. (eurekalert.org)
  • Certain varieties of sorghum have three to seven times the levels of antioxidants found in blueberries or strawberries. (eurekalert.org)
  • Some varieties of sorghum are used as livestock feed. (eurekalert.org)
  • Sorghum's human nutritional attributes indicate that it is a good source of several vitamins and minerals, including B vitamins, magnesium, iron, zinc, and copper, although high tannin levels in the brown and black varieties of sorghum may lower iron bioavailability because of chelation. (ift.org)
  • Some varieties of sorghum, such as broom corn, are used for crafts. (seedsavers.org)
  • Some varieties of sorghum were bred for their stalks, or canes, which produce a sugary liquid. (seedsavers.org)
  • A taxonomic species within the family Poaceae - cultivated sorghum , native to north Africa, widely cultivated in warmer climates. (wiktionary.org)
  • The wild progenitors of domesticated sorghum are thought to have inhabited the savanna of northern and central Africa, and perhaps India . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Most of the world ' s sorghum crop is grown in Africa, where it is a leading cereal (although surpassed during the twentieth century by maize [ Zea mays ] in many countries). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Sorghum is known as great millet and guinea corn in West Africa, kafir corn in South Africa, dura in Sudan, mtama in eastern Africa, jowar in Hindi , solam in Tamil and kaoliang in China. (mcgill.ca)
  • Muslim Agricultural Revolution, sorghum was planted extensively in parts of the Middle East , North Africa and Europe . (mcgill.ca)
  • Sorghum was first grown more than 6,000 years ago in northeastern Africa. (eurekalert.org)
  • Sorghum originates in the tropical areas of Africa--it does not like cool temperatures or the long days in temperate climates," says Robert Klein. (eurekalert.org)
  • In the United States, sorghum is used to produce livestock feed, pet foods, household building materials, and sometimes ethanol, but it is a preferred grain for human diets in other parts of the world, such as Africa and Asia. (ift.org)
  • 1993). As early as 1981, a published report suggested a lower incidence of esophageal cancer in sorghum-consuming nations such as parts of Africa, Russia, China, and India (Van Rensburg, 1981). (ift.org)
  • With grain sorghum currently grown on over 11 million ha in Asia and on 23.4 million ha in Africa, a switch to sweet sorghum could have a considerable economic impact. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was cultivated in Egypt in ancient times, and Africa still is the largest producer of sorghum today. (ens-newswire.com)
  • 15. Lessons learned MARS proof of concept: a valid procedure for sorghum breeding in Africa. (slideshare.net)
  • The major companies profiled in the report include National Sweet Sorghum Producers & Processors Assn, National Sorghum Producers, Sorghum Forum Of South Africa, Shri Lal Mahal Group, Richardson Seeds, Mabele Fuels, Advanta Seeds US, DuPont, Archer Daniels Midland, and Ingredion. (openpr.com)
  • Low productivity due to soil constraints and a lack of properly adapted crop cultivars is a serious problem in many parts of Africa, where sorghum is a staple food supporting millions of the rural poor. (generationcp.org)
  • If this project is successful, it would be a major stride benefiting an estimated 300 million people in arid regions of Africa, whose main food source is sorghum. (medindia.net)
  • Sorghum is a grass, native to Africa, that provides an indispensable food source for more than 300 million people in countries where food supplies are insecure, according to the paper's authors. (eponline.com)
  • Initially, many sorghum varieties brought to the U.S. from Africa would not flower or flowered too late to develop grain, he said. (eponline.com)
  • Wild sorghum still occurs in these regions and their grains are gathered for food by local people. (encyclopedia.com)
  • As with other foodstuffs certain nutritional inhibitors and toxic substances are associated with sorghum and millet grains. (fao.org)
  • Bioavailability of iron in sorghum for human subjects was found to be affected more by phytin phosphorus than by tannin content of the grains (Radhakrishnan and Sivaprasad, 1980). (fao.org)
  • Sorghum grains are one of the highest food sources of flavonoid, proanthocyanidin. (wikipedia.org)
  • In these places, sorghum is useful because it needs little water and can survive in harsh climates where other grains may be difficult to grow. (ift.org)
  • Communities that normally had consumed sorghum and then changed to other grains often return to sorghum by preference. (ift.org)
  • Second, sorghum is lower in calories than other grains due to its lower digestibility. (ift.org)
  • Sorghum is a member of the grass family, Poaceae, a group of flowering plants that also includes such important agricultural grains as wheat , rice, maize (corn), and sugar cane. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • In our testing-using regular whole-grain sorghum-the best results we could get were about 50% of the grains popping. (cookinglight.com)
  • Sorghum is the fifth most important cereal grain worldwide, reports the Whole Grains Council. (livestrong.com)
  • Whole grains like sorghum contain classes of phytochemicals -- plant-based chemical compounds -- called tannins, anthocyanins and phenolic compounds. (livestrong.com)
  • Several species of sorghum is grown for grains while other species are used as fodder plants, which is either naturally grown in pasture lands or is cultivated in large areas. (openpr.com)
  • Feedstock grains such as sorghum and corn are used to make ethanol, the fuel used in NASCAR vehicles. (farmprogress.com)
  • Sorghum grains are milled into flour and used in porridge (such as 'Maltabella'), unleavened bread, cookies, cakes, couscous and malted beverages. (southafrica.co.za)
  • Bowers JE, Abbey C, Anderson S, Chang C, Draye X, Hoppe AH, Jessup R, Lemke C et al (2003) A high-density genetic recombination map of sequence-tagged sites for sorghum, as a framework for comparative structural and evolutionary genomics of tropical grains and grasses. (springer.com)
  • The consumption of whole sorghum grains would contribute toward health benefits through bioactive compounds such as fiber and phenolics [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • In Western countries such as the United States, Australia, and Brazil, sorghum is developed and cultivated primarily for animal feeding, while in semiarid regions of the world, it is mainly used in human feeding as coarse grains [ 5 - 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • As sorghum is one of the three main grains in China, how to evaluate its edible quality scientifically and realize its value better is a question worthy of in-depth study. (hindawi.com)
  • Plant scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) and USDA's Agricultural Research Service (ARS), in their search for solutions to global food production challenges, have doubled the amount of grains that a sorghum plant can yield. (innovations-report.com)
  • The left image shows the grains of a normal sorghum plant. (innovations-report.com)
  • In Washington, D.C., the U.S. Grains Council reports that recent sales of U.S. sorghum to Spain and Italy reinforce the importance of these European markets to U.S. farmers. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • There has proven to be some demand in Spain for sorghum," said Reece Cannady, U.S. Grains Council (USGC) manager of global trade. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • Now, energy crop company Ceres, Inc. and the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station of the Texas A&M University system have entered into a joint research and commercial agreement for high biomass sorghum. (ens-newswire.com)
  • A pioneer in developing high-biomass sorghum, Rooney's plants can approach 20 feet under favorable conditions, he says, and could produce more than 2,000 gallons of ethanol per acre. (ens-newswire.com)
  • As part of the agreement with TAES signed last week, Ceres will obtain exclusive commercialization rights to TAES's high biomass sorghum hybrids developed in the joint research program. (ens-newswire.com)
  • The Clemson team has taken a "system of systems" approach to accelerate genetic gain in biomass sorghum. (energy.gov)
  • Biomass sorghum species are widely used in the production of bioenergy worldwide. (openpr.com)
  • Moreover, increase in demand for biofuel and rise in prices of crude oil and fossil fuels is further anticipated to bolster the demand for biomass sorghum during the forecast period. (openpr.com)
  • They noted that though primarily grown for its grain and forage, high biomass sorghum is also an excellent drought-tolerant energy crop for sustainable production of lignocellulosic-based biofuels. (eponline.com)
  • In the case of bioenergy sorghum, you want to delay flowering because the more you delay flowering, the more biomass sorghum will accumulate. (eponline.com)
  • To reach the goals laid out by the U.S. Government for displacing fossil fuels with biofuels, high-biomass sorghum is well-suited to achieving this goal because it requires less water per unit dry biomass and can produce very high biomass yields. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • The goal of this study was to use remote sensing technologies to optimize the yield and harvest logistics of high-biomass sorghum with respect to production costs based on spatial variability within and among fields. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • A 19.2-ha high-biomass sorghum field was selected as a study site and aerial multispectral images were acquired with a four-camera imaging system on July 17, 2009. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • Aerial images were processed to find relationships between image reflectance and yield of the biomass sorghum. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • Ruixiu Sui , Brandon E. Hartley , John M. Gibson , Chenghai Yang , J. Alex Thomasson , and Stephen W. Searcy "High-biomass sorghum yield estimate with aerial imagery," Journal of Applied Remote Sensing 5(1), 053523 (1 January 2011). (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • Producers, researchers and private industry collectively funded the Foundation endowment to enhance the awareness of sorghum as the fifth most important cereal crop in the world today. (sorghumgrowers.com)
  • For other crop uses, see Commercial sorghum . (wikipedia.org)
  • Sorghum was domesticated as a grain-crop approximately 5,000 years ago. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Grain sorghums are by far the most important sorghum crop. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Grain sorghum is the fifth most important cereal crop in the world and third most important cereal crop grown in the United States. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Plant scientist Dr. Bill Rooney of the A&M System's Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, TAES, says that sorghum is a near-ideal crop for cellulosic biofuels. (ens-newswire.com)
  • Sorghum offers growers a sound, water-efficient rotational crop while providing end-users with a versatile, attribute-rich grain. (prweb.com)
  • NEW YORK (GenomeWeb News) - Scientists at the University of Florida, Gainesville, will use a $5.4 million federal grant to seek and study genetic traits in sorghum in order to boost its efficacy and sustainability as a biofuel crop and for use in developing bioplastics, UFL said today. (genomeweb.com)
  • Table 1 presents estimates for the 2021 crop year for grain sorghum production in northern, central and southwest Missouri. (missouri.edu)
  • Katie Rea tosses a stalk of sorghum onto a wagon as her brother John Rea harvests the crop on their family's Salem Twp. (vindy.com)
  • When the extension of the sorghum industry was first advocated, therefore, it was thought that this crop would play an important part in sup- plying the nation with sugar. (unt.edu)
  • TERRA project teams will integrate the agriculture, information technology, and engineering communities to design and apply new tools to the development of improved varieties of energy sorghum, a crop used to produce biofuel. (energy.gov)
  • Carolina Seed Systems, a genetics company, will produce sorghum and other crop seed specifically bred for the conditions of the Southeast. (energy.gov)
  • The present invention provides for compositions and methods for producing sorghum crop plants that are resistant to herbicides. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Rich et al, Striga Resistance in the Wild Relatives of Sorghum, Crop Science (2004) 44:2221-2229. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Sorghum is a versatile crop, which belongs to the grass family Poaceae. (openpr.com)
  • Also being a versatile crop, sorghum is used in various rapidly growing markets such as fencing, floral arrangements, pet food, building material, and others, which is another factor that drives the growth of the global sorghum and sorghum seeds market. (openpr.com)
  • With the short of pure water resources, sorghum which is an ecologically friendly and tolerant crop will become an important crop in the future. (hindawi.com)
  • United States: A biotech seed lab in Johnston, Iowa, is currently witness to the combined resources and ingenuity of African Agrarian inclination with the money and Technological prowess of the United States, to take forward the research on the ubiquitous sorghum crop that is the only succor to a starved African population. (medindia.net)
  • The joint venture, targeting sorghum, a widely known U.S. row crop that finds use in animal feed, cereals and industrial products, will now be researched to cater to a more responsible role of being able to brave odds like drought and also give out a rich yield of vitamins and minerals. (medindia.net)
  • Sweet sorghum is a warm-season crop that matures earlier under high temperatures and short days. (aces.edu)
  • we offer Egyptia white sorghum, crop 2005 , admixture max. (tradekey.com)
  • Sorghum, one of the world's most important sources of food, animal feed, and biofuel, is considered a model crop for research because it has a high tolerance to drought, heat, and high-salt conditions. (innovations-report.com)
  • Researchers have identified the sweet sorghum as a potential ethanol feedstock crop on non-irrigated farmland in western Nebraska. (unl.edu)
  • The Nebraska Sorghum Symposium offers timely and useful information to help sorghum farmers make confident, informed production and management decisions for their 2018 crop. (unl.edu)
  • P. G. Tillman, "Sorghum as a trap crop for Nezara viridula L. (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) in cotton in the Southern United States," Environmental Entomology , vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 771-783, 2006. (hindawi.com)
  • Protect your sorghum crop from predation by birds by covering maturing seed heads with bags or pieces of row cover. (seedsavers.org)
  • This specific exemption will aid in controlling the sugarcane aphid (Melanaphis sacchari), which is a destructive pest that can cause damage to the grain sorghum crop. (msbusiness.com)
  • However, the more recent search for alternatives to fossil fuels has led to the development of sorghum as a dedicated bioenergy crop. (eponline.com)
  • But whether a sorghum plant will flower is not the only catch for using sorghum as a bioenergy crop. (eponline.com)
  • Perennial grain sorghum plants produce subterranean stems known as rhizomes that sprout to form the next season's crop. (landinstitute.org)
  • When it comes to sorghum, while rainfall and GDD (growing degree days) had a positive impact on crop yield in both rabi and kharif seasons, EDD had a negative impact of 1.89 per cent in rabi and 3.16 per in kharif season. (org.in)
  • Pioneer sorghum breeders annually evaluate over 100,000 yield plots at approximately 60 testing locations in four countries. (pioneer.com)
  • Sorghum has the potential to be a major player in the ethanol production scheme because of its high yield, drought-tolerant nature, and production of lignocelluloses, sugar and starch. (aiche.org)
  • Clemson University is partnering with Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, and Near Earth Autonomy to develop and operate an advanced plant phenotyping system, incorporating modeling and rapid prediction of plant performance to drive improved yield and compositional gains for energy sorghum. (energy.gov)
  • Quantitative trait loci for these traits have been introgressed from a dwarf temperate donor into hundreds of diverse sorghum landraces to yield the Sorghum Conversion lines. (nih.gov)
  • SSR markers linked to the qGW1 locus can be used for improving sorghum grain yield through marker-assisted selection. (springer.com)
  • In recent years, sorghum cultivation has been concentrated in Northeast China, and the yield accounted for 62% of the National Sorghum Yield in 2016 (data source: Department of Market and Economic Information, Ministry of Agriculture, China). (hindawi.com)
  • The team is now looking to work with collaborators, such as the United States Department of Agriculture, to see if one of the genes--MSD2 or MSD1--can be used to improve sorghum yield in large field trials. (innovations-report.com)
  • Cawker City farmer Ray DeBey won the 2006 National sorghum Yield and Management Contest, with a 5.5-acre plot of Pioneer 84G62 that yielded 168.64 bushels per acre, exceeding the Mitchell County average of 71.5 bushels per acre by 98.44 bushels. (farmprogress.com)
  • Sorghum plant samples were collected at predetermined geographic coordinates to determine biomass yield. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • Results showed that sorghum biomass yield in early August was closely related (R 2 = 0.76) to spectral reflectance. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae . (wikipedia.org)
  • Sorghum is the common and genus name for various species of grasses (family Poaceae), characterized by an inflorescence (head) and grain (fruit or edible seed) in the form of a panicle, spikelets borne in pairs, and extensively branching roots . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The genus Sorghum is one of about 600 genera in Poaceae. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • There are about 30 species in the Sorghum genus, some of which are raised for grain and many of which are used as fodder plants either cultivated or as part of pasture. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • 1. An Agrobacterium-transformed sorghum plant wherein said plant comprises fewer than 5 copies of a nucleic acid of interest flanked by at least one T-DNA border sequence incorporated in its genome. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Large numbers of markers provide a roadmap of the sorghum genome, cutting years off development timelines for new products, and making it easier to improve the makeup of the plants to facilitate processing. (ens-newswire.com)
  • Taking advantage of the complete sequence of the sorghum genome, this project seeks establish a framework based on comparative genomics to identify sorghum Pup1 homologues and will validate their role as bona fide genes underlying tolerance to P deficiency. (generationcp.org)
  • Genome-wide mapping of introgression frequencies reveals three genomic regions necessary for temperate adaptation across all Sorghum Conversion lines, containing the Dw1, Dw2, and Dw3 loci on chromosomes 9, 6, and 7 respectively. (nih.gov)
  • The 11th column displays unanchored contigs in the sorghum genome. (nih.gov)
  • We have mapped homologues of these two genes to tightly linked sites in the homeologous region of the sorghum genome (A. Melake-Berhan, and J.L.B., unpublished observation). (pnas.org)
  • Using a strategy called sequence tagging, the scientists searched an established sorghum genome database for gene sequences associated with that class of enzymes. (grit.com)
  • Some species of sorghum can contain levels of hydrogen cyanide , hordenine , and nitrates lethal to grazing animals in the early stages of the plants' growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another Sorghum species, Johnson grass ( S. halapense ), is classified as an invasive species in the US by the Department of Agriculture . (wikipedia.org)
  • Depending upon the variety of sorghum species, it can be used for grazing pasture, hay production, and green chop. (openpr.com)
  • Forage sorghum is the most popular species, which is widely used as silage for livestock feeding. (openpr.com)
  • their goal is to genetically enhance certain sorghum species so that the stems and leaves contain more oil and less starch. (unl.edu)
  • The forage sorghums are used directly as animal feed or they are chopped and fermented to manufacture silage. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In the U.S. since the 1950s, sorghum has been raised primarily for forage and silage, with sorghum cultivation for cattle feed concentrated in the Great Plains (Texas, Kansas, and Nebraska are the leading producers) where insufficient rainfall and high temperature make corn production unprofitable. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result, the Sorghum Checkoff Program will continue to be funded by a mandatory assessment on producers and importers at the rate of 0.6 percent of net market value of grain sorghum and 0.35 percent of net market value for sorghum forage, sorghum hay, sorghum haylage, sorghum billets, and sorghum silage. (federalregister.gov)
  • Sorghum is used for human consumption (cereal, flour, beer) and for animal feeding as silage or made into hay. (southafrica.co.za)
  • Sorghum serves as an important summer fodder - for silage or for hay when grown under irrigation in dry areas. (southafrica.co.za)
  • The S. halepense gene pool may harbor many alleles useful for improving sorghum for a broad range of traits in addition to perenniality. (landinstitute.org)
  • He held numerous positions that strengthened sorghum tremendously - including a 37-year stint at DEKALB during which he was responsible for the release of more than 150 commercial sorghum hybrids grown on as much as 10 million acres in as many as 49 countries. (sorghumgrowers.com)
  • In 1999, about 113 million acres (45.9 million ha) of sorghum were grown worldwide, and total production was 74.9 million tons of grain (68.1 million tonnes). (encyclopedia.com)
  • In ancient times sorghum was also grown in India . (mcgill.ca)
  • Although sorghum is a major grain grown in the United States, domestic acreage dedicated to its production has declined steadily in recent years (see p. 58). (ift.org)
  • Sorghum is grown in warmer climates worldwide. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Flowering time is important for sorghum no matter what type of sorghum is grown," said Murphy, a biochemistry doctoral student at Texas A&M University. (eponline.com)
  • Sorghum and sorghum seeds market was valued at $8,279 million in 2016, and is projected to reach $10,591 million by 2023, growing at a CAGR of 3.6% from 2017 to 2023. (openpr.com)
  • Diseases confirmed in samples submitted to the UNL Plant and Pest Diagnostic Lab since September 1, 2017 for corn, soybean, sorghum and hops. (unl.edu)
  • In January 2017, the Council released the 2016/2017 Sorghum Harvest Quality Report. (grains.org)
  • This 2016/2017 Harvest Report is based on 254 commodity sorghum samples taken from defined areas within the nine top sorghum-producing states. (grains.org)
  • View and download the full 2016-2017 Sorghum Harvest Quality Report. (grains.org)
  • Read a summary of information from the 2016-2017 Sorghum Harvest Quality Report. (grains.org)
  • [15] [16] Biofuel , using sweet sorghum as a high sugar content from its stalk for ethanol production, is being developed with biomass which can be turned into charcoal , syngas , and bio-oil . (wikipedia.org)
  • The soluble sugar sorghum produces can also be converted to biofuel, while fibers left over from the juice extraction process can be burned to generate electricity, the USDA's Agricultural Research Service said in a release. (upi.com)
  • In India and other places, sweet sorghum stalks are used for producing biofuel by squeezing the juice and then fermenting into ethanol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Presently, sorghum-to-ethanol production uses the grain part of the plant, but the leaves and stalks hold the greatest potential for biofuel production, says Peter Mascia, Ceres vice president of product development. (ens-newswire.com)
  • In addition, the research will involve efforts to test these sorghum varieties on a commercial scale, as well as making biopolymers out of the waste created from the sorghum biofuel development process. (genomeweb.com)
  • The demand for sorghum has increased due to increase in demand for cost-effective livestock feed as well as increase in demand for biofuel and ethanol. (openpr.com)
  • One University team is exploring sweet sorghum ethanol as a future income source for dryland agriculture in western Nebraska, while another is looking at how to improve sorghum yields to make it a more sustainable source for biofuel production. (unl.edu)
  • The real value is that sorghum can be bred to produce vast amounts of biomass, the raw material for cellulosic biofuels made from stems, stalks and leaves. (ens-newswire.com)
  • Markers and biotechnology will be crucial for developing sorghum for cellulosic biofuels," says Rooney. (ens-newswire.com)
  • Members of the grass family, sorghum is used for food, beer, animal feed, and biofuels across the world. (seedsavers.org)
  • The many subspecies are divided into four groups - grain sorghums, grass sorghums (for pasture and hay), sweet sorghums (produce sorghum syrups), and broom corn (for brooms and brushes). (fact-index.com)
  • Sorghum is a tropical grass, well adapted to high productivity in a hot and dry climatic regime, and water efficient (water transpired per unit of atmospheric carbon dioxide fixed during photosynthesis). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Sweet sorghum is any of the many varieties of the sorghum grass whose stalks have a high sugar content. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sorghum, a type of grass, has seeds that can be popped like popcorn. (foodandwine.com)
  • Despite the decline in sorghum production, the United States is the no. 1 producer of sorghum in the world and the no. 2 exporter. (ift.org)
  • The broom-corn sorghums are cultivated for their thin, wiry, brushy stalks that are bound into " corn " brooms. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The primary goal of the research is to obtain information that will expand approaches for controlling fungal diseases of corn and sorghum and lead to new and improved disease management practices. (usda.gov)
  • A later study in China reported that communities that consumed sorghum foods at higher levels had a lower mortality rate of 1.5 to 3 times from esophageal cancer than communities consuming corn and/or wheat flour (Chen et al. (ift.org)
  • Grain sorghum has also been used by the ethanol industry for quite some time because it yields about the same amount of ethanol per bushel as corn. (wikipedia.org)
  • Similar to corn (maize) in early stages, and with corn-like leaves and tall stalks, sorghum varies considerably from corn in later stages. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Sorghum has more side shoots than corn, putting out new shoots and producing several head-bearing culms from the nodes. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The calorie content of sorghum is comparable to that of wheat, rice and corn -- approximately 360 calories and 77 grams of total carbohydrate in each serving. (livestrong.com)
  • Additionally, the cost of ethanol production from grain sorghum starch will be determined and compared with that from shelled corn starch. (aiche.org)
  • Depending upon weed pressure and field type, the grain sorghum may be switched with corn or sunflowers. (farmprogress.com)
  • Researchers develop the elite grain sorghum hybrids Pioneer produces, sells and services. (pioneer.com)
  • Pioneer strives to ensure that the most well adapted, high quality sorghum hybrids are properly positioned with every customer. (pioneer.com)
  • Pioneer's sorghum research group utilizes 3 research stations in the United States and 6 additional stations in sorghum growing regions around the world to develop elite inbred lines and hybrids. (pioneer.com)
  • Chromatin's product pipeline also includes high-yielding grain sorghum hybrids designed with maturities to serve a wide-range of geographies, as well as hybrids designed as renewable energy feedstocks. (businesswire.com)
  • The development of non- and low-tillering sorghum hybrids, which would allow sorghum farmers to leverage precision farming techniques. (prweb.com)
  • It was a variation in the activity of the gene corresponding to Ma1 that sorghum breeders have been using in breeding programs for years to fine-tune when their hybrids would flower. (eponline.com)
  • Planting date dictates the combination of grain sorghum hybrids used. (farmprogress.com)
  • Subpopulation-specific introgression mapping suggests that chromosome 6 contains at least four loci required for temperate adaptation in different sorghum genetic backgrounds. (nih.gov)
  • The aims of the study are to investigate the effect of different sorghum polyphenol concentrations on human iron absorption and to investigate if the negative impact of the polyphenols can be overcome by using NaFeEDTA as iron compound. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Feeding preference of Spodoptera frugiperda on different sorghum genotypes. (cabi.org)
  • This work aimed to evaluate the feeding preference of the Spodoptera frugiperda caterpillar by different sorghum genotypes. (cabi.org)
  • Applicants must be an undergraduate or graduate student, at least in their second year of study and must be the child or grandchild of a National Sorghum Producers member. (sorghumgrowers.com)
  • I am incredibly grateful for the trust and true investment National Sorghum Producers placed in me when selecting me as a scholarship recipient this past spring," Harrell said. (sorghumgrowers.com)
  • Dr. Bruce Maunder served U.S. sorghum producers for more than 20 years through his participation as chairman of the National Sorghum Foundation board of directors as well as his work as a volunteer research adviser at National Sorghum Producers. (sorghumgrowers.com)
  • Recipients of this scholarship will have the opportunity to go to Washington, D.C., with National Sorghum Producers where students will meet their Congressional representatives and watch the legislative process as association leaders discuss and resolve timely agricultural issues. (sorghumgrowers.com)
  • It provides high quality sorghum seeds to growers and producers who are attracted to the crop's rapid maturation, tolerance to heat, cold and drought and high yields. (businesswire.com)
  • The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) is announcing that sorghum producers voting in a national referendum from March 23, 2015, through April 21, 2015, have approved the continuation of the Sorghum Promotion, Research, and Information Order (Order). (federalregister.gov)
  • Pursuant to the Commodity Promotion, Research, and Information Act of 1996 (Act)( 7 U.S.C. 7411 -7425), the Department of Agriculture conducted a referendum from March 23, 2015, through April 21, 2015, among eligible sorghum producers and importers to determine if the Order would continue to be effective. (federalregister.gov)
  • Through a case study of the Smallholders Alliance for Sorghum in Haiti (SMASH), we examine the process of creating an "inclusive" value chain that seeks to explicitly include smallholder producers to increase incomes while establishing a sustainable sorghum value chain. (rti.org)
  • The Texas Grain Sorghum Producers in conjunction with Sorghum Checkoff, partnered with Self, Niece Motorsports and AM Racing at the November race to promote sorghum and its use in ethanol. (farmprogress.com)
  • Austin Wayne Self, NASCAR Camping World Truck Series driver, left, with Texas Grain Sorghum Producers Executive Director Wayne Cleveland, center, and TNB Sports owner, Tom Rice, at the TGSP board and delegate meeting in Austin, Texas, 2018 Texas Ag Forum. (farmprogress.com)
  • For me it's more than a logo on a truck- I get to represent something I believe in," says Self, who spoke to the Texas Grain Sorghum Producers board and delegate body at their meeting in Austin during the 2018 Texas Ag Forum. (farmprogress.com)
  • Sweet Sorghum stalks are used for producing bio-fuel by squeezing the juice and then fermenting into ethanol . (mcgill.ca)
  • sorghum leaves and stalks in the USA. (mcgill.ca)
  • Texas A&M University ran trials to ascertain the best varieties for ethanol production from sorghum leaves and stalks in the USA. (wikipedia.org)
  • It differs from grain sorghum mainly in that its grain yields are low and its stalks are taller and juicier and have a high sugar content. (aces.edu)
  • Cane sorghum should be harvested before the first frost by cutting down stalks with hedge trimmers or a very sharp knife. (seedsavers.org)
  • The invention encompasses regenerated, fertile sorghum plants, transgenic seeds produced therefrom, T1 and subsequent generations. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Sorghum can usually replace regular flour or whole-grain seeds in foods such as muffins, cookies, cakes, pizza crust, bread, waffles and tabbouleh salad. (livestrong.com)
  • In particular, the present invention provides for sorghum plants, plant tissues and plant seeds that contain altered acetolactate synthase (ALS) genes and proteins that are resistant to inhibition by herbicides that normally inhibit the activity of the ALS protein. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 10. The sorghum hybrid of claim 1, wherein seeds from said sorghum hybrid are coated with an acetolactate synthase herbicide. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Direct-sow sorghum seeds ¼" deep 8-12" apart. (seedsavers.org)
  • Harvest sorghum grain when the seeds can no longer be dented with a fingernail. (seedsavers.org)
  • Sorghum seeds can be cooked as a grain and enjoyed in dishes that call for brown rice or barley. (seedsavers.org)
  • When saving seeds from sorghum, separate varieties by 100-200 feet. (seedsavers.org)
  • You only need to plant one sorghum plant in order to harvest viable seeds. (seedsavers.org)
  • Sorghum seeds are best harvested when they feel dry and resist denting when you press them with a fingernail. (seedsavers.org)
  • When stored in cool, dark, and dry conditions, sorghum seeds will remain viable for 10 years. (seedsavers.org)
  • DeBey seeds grain sorghum at a rate of 4.2 pounds per acre with a John Deere 1860 air seeder. (farmprogress.com)
  • Additionally, 136 million bushels of sorghum produced last year were exported, with nearly 90 percent of the grain going to China. (prweb.com)
  • and Japan, which nearly doubled purchases of U.S. sorghum with 183,000 metric tons (7.19 million bushels), the highest levels since 2009/2010. (grains.org)
  • Thanks to continued purchasing by 22 countries, U.S. sorghum exports totaled 6.04 million metric tons (238 million bushels), a 30 percent drop year-over-year but still greater than the prior five-year average of 5.26 million metric tons (207 million bushels). (grains.org)
  • Italy purchased 36,600 metric tons (1.44 million bushels) of sorghum the week of March 14, and Spain has purchased just under one million tons (39.4 million bushels) of sorghum since April 2018. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • The grain sorghum segment accounted for nearly half of the global market in 2016. (openpr.com)
  • From 2010-2018, The National Sorghum Foundation has given away nearly $50,000 in scholarships and over $12,000 in trips to Washington, D.C., for scholarship recipients. (sorghumgrowers.com)
  • Oklahoma State University student Micah Arthaud from Keyes, Oklahoma, and Texas Tech University student Payton Harrell, agricultural communications major from Spearman, Texas, were the 2018-2019 National Sorghum Foundation/BASF scholarship recipients. (sorghumgrowers.com)
  • China purchased around $1 billion worth of American sorghum per year until April 2018 when China imposed retaliatory duties on American sorghum as part of the trade war between the two countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following a reduced forecast of the 2020/21 maize harvest that led to an increase of US maize prices, the import duty for maize, sorghum and rye in the European Union is now set at €0 per tonne as of 27 August 2020. (europa.eu)
  • This project will help us understand how sweet sorghums line up as a feedstock candidate. (genomeweb.com)
  • The feasibility study of using sorghum as a cellulosic ethanol feedstock is currently underway at NREL. (aiche.org)
  • In addition to ample supply of U.S. sorghum, a drought in Europe has driven up the price of European feedstock. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • The starch content of grain sorghum is 7 - 10% higher than maize, making it excellent for ethanol production. (southafrica.co.za)
  • There is a great deal of naturally-occurring genetic diversity in the sorghum collection, and our research program exists to provide that genetic diversity to seed companies and eventually to the consumer," says Klein. (eurekalert.org)
  • The genetic diversity of sorghum -- and other plants -- is often preserved in germplasm collections. (eurekalert.org)
  • DuPont Pioneer and the United Sorghum Checkoff Program today announced a collaboration to advance genetic tools and opportunities for grain sorghum, which was planted on just over 8 million acres in the United States in 2013. (prweb.com)
  • The Sorghum Checkoff's collaborative efforts with Pioneer marks a rejuvenated era in sorghum genetic research. (prweb.com)
  • however, the genetic basis of grain weight in sorghum is not well understood. (springer.com)
  • Research team member Rebecca Murphy described "walking along the chromosome" of sorghum using genetic mapping techniques until landing on what she calls Maturity Locus 1, an historically important genetic determinant of flowering time originally discovered by AgriLife Research scientists in 1945. (eponline.com)
  • The tariff for maize, sorghum and rye has been updated multiple times in the past months, starting with the import duty increasing from €0 to €5.27 per tonne in the end of April due to a significant drop of the US cif maize price, mainly as a result of the collapse of bioethanol demand in the US. (europa.eu)
  • The import duties for maize, sorghum and rye in the EU increased from €0 to €5.48 per tonne due to a recent decrease of US maize prices. (europa.eu)
  • We cloned the rice and sorghum genes homologous to the sh2 locus of maize on bacterial artificial chromosomes (BACs), and observed that a homologue of the maize a1 gene was also present on each of these BACs. (pnas.org)
  • These results indicate that maize, sorghum, and rice have conserved gene order and composition in the sh2 - a1 region, but have acquired extensive qualitative and quantitative differences in the sequences between these genes. (pnas.org)
  • The construction of separate bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) libraries containing either sorghum ( 12 ) or rice ( 13 ) chromosomal DNA suggested that the regions homologous to the sh2 - a1 domain of maize could be physically analyzed in these two grasses. (pnas.org)
  • What is happening is that food will be distributed to the various schools from the central warehouse, especially sorghum meal and others such as beans and maize basing on consumption patterns. (mmegi.bw)
  • In most cases, infestations were only detected when schools reopened that supplies of sorghum meal, maize and beans had mainly turned bad and declared unfit for human consumption. (mmegi.bw)
  • About 60 bags of sorghum meal, beans and maize were destroyed in May throwing thousands of the taxpayer's money down the drain through the officers' imprudence. (mmegi.bw)
  • The sweet sorghum contains a high concentration of sucrose in its stems and is used to make table sugar in the same way as sugar cane (Saccharum officinarum). (encyclopedia.com)
  • A sorghum hybrid that does not flower and accumulates as much as three times the amount of stem and leaf matter may help the bioenergy industry, according to a study appearing in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (eponline.com)
  • This scholarship is open to any undergraduate student, sophomore through senior standing, who is enrolled in an agriculture-based program related to agronomy, plant pathology, entomology, and/or plant breeding with emphasis on sorghum. (sorghumgrowers.com)
  • Read more about the newly-released collection of sorghum in Journal of Plant Registrations . (eurekalert.org)
  • In this manner, any gene of interest can be introduced into the sorghum plant. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 2. The sorghum plant of claim 1, wherein said plant comprises less than 3 copies of said nucleic acid sequence. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 3. The sorghum plant of claim 1, wherein said nucleic acid further comprises at least one expression cassette comprising a gene which confers resistance to a selection agent. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 5. The sorghum plant of claim 4, wherein said gene which confers resistance to a selection agent is bar. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 6. The sorghum plant of claim 3, wherein said nucleic acid comprises a second expression cassette comprising at least one gene of interest. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • At the close of these experiments the use of sorghum cane for the production of sugar was dropped to a great extent, but the plant continued to be used. (unt.edu)
  • Association mapping of plant height and flowering time in Sorghum Conversion lines detects significant associations in the Dw1 but not the Dw2 or Dw3 regions. (nih.gov)
  • Sorghum adaptation to temperate-zone grain production involves a small number of genomic regions, each containing multiple linked loci for plant height and flowering time. (nih.gov)
  • Sorghum secretes a compound known as sorgoleone that is instrumental in helping the plant combat weeds. (grit.com)
  • The results, published in The Plant Cell , could lead to sorghum lines without the soil toxicity problem, as well as lines with higher levels of sorgoleone that offer superior weed-fighting capabilities without posing environmental hazards. (grit.com)
  • This disease occasionally causes problems in very late-maturing grain sorghum and on male-sterile forage sorghum in the Central Plains, said K-State Research and Extension plant pathologist Doug Jardine. (plantmanagementnetwork.org)
  • Host plant resistance is one of the important components for minimizing the losses because of sorghum shoot fly, Atherigona soccata (Diptera: Muscidae) attack. (bioone.org)
  • Sorghum is a heat-loving plant. (seedsavers.org)
  • We were able to identify a gene in sorghum that controls flowering in response to day length, and we discovered that the gene is regulated by the plant's internal 'clock' and light enabling the plant to flower at approximately the same date each growing season," Mullet said. (eponline.com)
  • Before this discovery, a sorghum breeder would have to wait for a plant to flower to see what type of flowering time genes were in the sorghum," she said. (eponline.com)
  • We figured out how the plant's internal clock and day length in sorghum co-regulate the expression of the Ma1gene called PRR37 to fine-tune exactly when the plant will induce flowering under different circumstances," Mullet said. (eponline.com)
  • Because sorghum is rich in starch and protein, it can be regarded as a substitute for the common cereals such as rice, wheat, millet, and soybean. (hindawi.com)
  • North Karnataka, in particular, is exposed to a higher number of days hotter than the threshold, found the study that considered rice, sorghum, finger millet, and pigeon pea. (org.in)
  • Pioneer's sorghum research group represents the first step in the Pioneer commitment to sorghum growers. (pioneer.com)
  • Growers can obtain higher prices and increased profits for their grain sorghum by applying harvest aids, which are chemicals that bring the grain to a more uniform percentage of moisture at harvest. (agrilifebookstore.org)
  • GRDC grain storage specialist and DAF agronomist Philip Burrill is encouraging growers with high moisture sorghum to start harvest with a clear strategy in place to dry grain. (grdc.com.au)
  • Queensland and northern New South Wales sorghum growers are currently facing the common challenge of cooler temperatures and wet weather slowing the dry-down of grain sorghum prior to harvest. (grdc.com.au)
  • There are growers who would like to harvest sorghum now, but it is sitting in the paddock with a 14-18 per cent moisture content," he said. (grdc.com.au)
  • However growers who harvest high moisture content sorghum need to have a clear strategy in place to avoid quality downgrades during storage. (grdc.com.au)
  • The strategies that growers put in place depend on their equipment on-farm, but their options generally are to: dry grain immediately it is harvested, or temporarily hold sorghum using aeration cooling fans until grain drying can be organised, or to blend moisture grain with dry grain. (grdc.com.au)
  • But Mr Burrill warned growers that if they harvested sorghum with a grain temperature around 20-25˚C and moisture content above 16 per cent and put it in a silo without aeration cooling fans operating it would rapidly 'self-heat' and develop moulds. (grdc.com.au)
  • If growers decide to hold high moisture content sorghum in silos until they can put it through a grain dryer, then aeration fans need to be used to keep the grain from getting hot and prevent mould and bin-burnt grain damage," Mr Burrill said. (grdc.com.au)
  • Sorghum growers in southeast Nebraska are encouraged to scout for this pest. (unl.edu)
  • After China's action on U.S. sorghum, no one is willing to take the risk of importing beans," said one Singapore-based trader at an international company which owns soybean processing facilities in China. (reuters.com)
  • DeBey usually plants grain sorghum in late May, after soybean planting is complete. (farmprogress.com)
  • Among other similarities to oats, sorghum contains no gluten , making it useful for gluten-free diets . (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, sorghum has several nutritional benefits: It is a gluten-free grain. (eurekalert.org)
  • Steadfast Sorghum Pale Ale is our Gluten-Free take on a quintessential American beer style. (beeradvocate.com)
  • Sorghum is a whole grain that offers neutral flavor and provides another option for individuals seeking a gluten-free diet. (prweb.com)
  • Historically used as feed for livestock in the United States, sorghum has recently become a player in the gluten-free food market, which targets consumers with celiac disease. (livestrong.com)
  • Sorghum has many benefits for farmers, consumers, and the environment. (eurekalert.org)
  • Pioneer is a longstanding leader in sorghum research, and we are enthusiastic about what this opportunity means for U.S. sorghum farmers. (prweb.com)
  • This budget presents information useful to farmers planning the production, financing and marketing of grain sorghum. (missouri.edu)
  • [9] Sorghum is in the subfamily Panicoideae and the tribe Andropogoneae (the tribe of big bluestem and sugarcane ). (wikipedia.org)
  • The sugarcane aphid has been detected in a Nebraska grain sorghum field near Pawnee City, according to the Nebraska Grain Sorghum Board. (unl.edu)
  • The combination of cool nighttime temperatures and late-flowering sorghum in late August and early September is the reason," Jardine said. (plantmanagementnetwork.org)
  • Sorghum geneticist/breeder Fred Miller (right) mentors young scientists on sorghum germplasm while in a commercial genetics nursery. (eurekalert.org)
  • 1. A sorghum hybrid wherein said sorghum hybrid germplasm confers resistance to inhibition by one or more acetolactate synthase herbicides at levels of said one or more herbicides that would normally inhibit the growth of a sorghum hybrid. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 3. The sorghum hybrid of claim 1, wherein said resistance to inhibition by one or more acetolactate synthase herbicides is introduced into said sorghum hybrid germplasm by introgression. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 4. The sorghum hybrid of claim 1, wherein said sorghum hybrid germplasm that confers resistance to inhibition by one or more acetolactate synthase herbicides comprises an acetolactate synthase gene, wherein said gene comprises one or more amino acid substitutions from the group consisting of Val 531 Ile and Trp 545 Leu. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 5. The sorghum hybrid of claim 4, wherein said gene comprising one or more amino acid substitutions from the group consisting of Val 531 Ile and Trp 545 Leu is introduced into a sorghum hybrid germplasm by introgression. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 6. The sorghum hybrid of claim 1, wherein said sorghum hybrid germplasm comprises SEQ ID NO:1. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 7. The sorghum hybrid of claim 6, wherein said SEQ ID NO: 1 is introduced into sorghum hybrid germplasm by introgression. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 8. The sorghum hybrid of claim 1, wherein said sorghum hybrid germplasm that confers resistance to inhibition by one or more acetolactate synthase herbicides comprises mutations in the acetolactate synthase gene as found in ATCC No. PTA-7999. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • To develop improved sorghum germplasm in Mali through MARS and BCNAM , that balance local agronomic and grain quality preferences with incorporation of well-characterised drought adaptations and desirable agronomic traits. (generationcp.org)
  • In Phase II (2012-2014) of the stay-green project , to breed drought-tolerant sorghum for Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Mali, Kenya, Niger and Sudan. (generationcp.org)
  • Even if you have heard of sorghum, do you really know what it is? (kcrw.com)
  • The highest dry-matter yields of sorghum are obtained at maturity or when the stems are 80 to 120 cm tall. (southafrica.co.za)
  • Second-season grain yields of sorghum lines regrowing from rhizomes were similar to yields in the first season. (landinstitute.org)
  • Increase in demand for sorghum as an alternative sweetener for various alcoholic beverages is one of the key factors that drives the growth of the market. (openpr.com)
  • Five principal components (PCs) with a cumulative contribution rate of 86.19% could be picked out to describe the taste, pasting, flavor, cooking, and variety of sorghum, respectively. (hindawi.com)
  • The grain sorghums are ground into flour for baking bread and cakes, boiled as a gruel, fermented into beer, or fed to livestock. (encyclopedia.com)
  • One serving of sorghum flour is approximately 3/4 cup. (livestrong.com)
  • Sorghum is typically eaten as a whole grain or ground into whole-grain flour, which means the hull or outer layer of the seed is left intact. (livestrong.com)
  • As for vitamins, sorghum flour is an excellent source of niacin, providing 5 of the 16 milligrams required for the day. (livestrong.com)
  • For example, add 1/2 teaspoon to 1 teaspoon of xanthan gum per cup of sorghum flour when substituting it in recipes. (livestrong.com)
  • Sorghum flour is also used in breads and other baked dishes. (seedsavers.org)
  • Thus, increase in requirement of forage sorghum in livestock feed application and rise in demand for sweet sorghum for artificial sweeteners is expected to drive the market growth. (openpr.com)
  • Starch from grain sorghum and sugar in sweet sorghum stalk can be converted to ethanol. (aiche.org)
  • Under a three-year collaboration agreement, the Sorghum Checkoff will leverage the world-class seed technology program at Pioneer for a total investment of $800,220 from Pioneer starting in 2014. (prweb.com)
  • I believe the collaboration between DuPont Pioneer and the Sorghum Checkoff illustrates the interest of seed technology providers and their commitment to grain sorghum," said Stewart Weaver, Sorghum Checkoff chairman and grower from Edmondson, Ark. (prweb.com)
  • The United Sorghum Checkoff Program (USCP) is a producer-funded organization that is dedicated to improving the sorghum industry through research, promotion and education. (prweb.com)
  • Cleveland along with John Duff, Sorghum Checkoff renewables program director, had a front-row seat at the Texas Motor Speedway event. (farmprogress.com)